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Warships In Asseb: The agony Of Irrelevance

The claim that the United Arab Emirates has a military base in the Eritrean port of Asseb started out as a single, uncorroborated news report early this past summer and is ending the year being a major news story picked by many news agencies and UN investigators to the point that it is now an established fact. But is it? And, if it is not, why is the Government of Eritrea adamantly refusing to deny it and, in fact, having its satellite news sources fan the rumor?

The genesis of the story, the alleged United Arab Emirates military presence in the Eritrean port of Assab, is traced to May 9, 2015. That’s when a report appeared in the Turkish Anadolu Agency stating that “high-level delegations from Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates – both members of the anti-Houthi coalition – visited Eritrea and toured a number of islands and ports close to Yemen, according to Eritrean sources.”

Quoting analysts, the report indicated “the Eritrean move to join the Saudi-led offensive [against Yemen] will help Asmara win support against its regional rivals Ethiopia and Djibouti, who have been quick to support the anti-Houthi onslaught.” And that, “joining the anti-Houthi campaign will also help Eritrea ease tension with the United States and remove sanctions imposed on the country by the UN Security Council in 2009.”

A blogger even went further with that news and entitled his blog “Saudis Visit Eritrea To Coordinate With Zionist Entity On Dahlak Island Navy Base?”

Also in May, the Indian Ocean Newsletter claimed that it “has learned that Asmara offered Riyadh to have the GCC military base in Eritrea rather than Djibouti.”

At about the same time, another news report added that the Saudi and Emirati officials crossed to Djibouti from Eritrea in a helicopter. Skepticism is warranted here: since 2008, when Djibouti and Eritrea came to blows over a border dispute, they have had an unresolved conflict requiring a third party, Qatar, to resolve the impasse with no success. How is it possible that Saudi and Emirati officials would cross from Eritrea to Djibouti?

SEMG Joins The Fray

In its October report, the Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea (SEMG) repeated the above and, for good measure, added that Eritreans are embedded in the Emirati army. A quick reference to the footnotes shows that one of the sources that SEMG was referring to was a report by Tesfa News which, as the SEMG says, is “pro‑Eritrean regime media”; nonetheless, Tesfa News was merely aggregating a report originally filed by videonewsus which is part of the Turkish Anadolou Agency, the same originator of the news item.

Two days ago, a duo who consider themselves “experts on Eritrea” repeated the same story in a blog.

If It Is Not The Saudis or Emiratis, It Is Iranians…

On June 15, 2015,  Egyptian media giant Al Ahram quoted Ayman Shabana, a political science professor at the Institute of African Research and Studies at Cairo University, saying that Eritrea is “opening its land and the islands of the Dahlak archipelago on the Red Sea to Iran’s elite Quds Force and elements of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards, setting up an Iranian missile batteries near the Eritrean port of Assab, providing training, accommodation and [medical] treatment centres for the Iran-backed Houthis, stockpiling Iranian arms, and delivering them to the Houthis in the Yemeni port of Saada on small fishing boats, which wander between Assab and the Yemeni port of Harf Sufyan [in the Amran governorate, south of Saada].”

According to Al Ahram, professor Shaban also claims that “[The deposed Yemeni president] Saleh’s family holds investments in Eritrea.”

If you think this sounds definitive, Al Ahram then quotes the same professor saying, “But there is no conclusive physical evidence that proves the existence of Iranian missile batteries on Eritrean territory.”

…Or Maybe It Is The Israelis

For decades now, the presence of an Israeli base in the Eritrean Dahlak Archipelago has been a favorite subject of many in the Arab media. According to Wikilleaks report, the first such allegation was made in March 1973 , some 20 years before Eritrea’s independence. Kuwaiti Dr. Abdella AlNefisi, for instance, has been making that claim in the media for so long that he is now considered “an expert on the Israeli military presence in the Red Sea.”

What Is The Trigger For The Latest Rumors?

In April, the Saudi led “Resolute Storm” campaign in Yemen was in its second month and Isaias Afwerki of Eritrea, who has been suffering from the agony of irrelevance, was looking for a role to play in the crisis hoping to end his isolation and, finally, he traveled to Saudi Arabia.

In a visit arranged by Sudan’s Omer Al Bashir, on April 28, the Eritrean president met King Salman of Saudi Arabia. Immediately, speculations spread and several non-official news websites in the region and beyond basically repeated a version of Al Ahram’s report: Eritrea and Saudi Arabia agreed on a military and security cooperation to fight terrorism and piracy in the Red Sea, and not to allow any foreign interference in Yemen.

Outlets affiliated to the Eritrean government, however, promoted the visit as a ground breaking diplomatic, military and political victory, notwithstanding the fact that Saudi Arabia accorded a similar overture to Ethiopia, Djibouti, and Somalia.

Reason for Skepticism

On October 29, 2015, all of the speculations found an icing on the cake in a report published by Strafor, a Texas-based “global intelligence” company. Strafor adorned its report with a satellite image of  “Emirati ships” (plural) in the Eritrean port of Asseb, something it hadn’t done when, three years earlier, it had reported about “Iranian ships” in the same port. Given the size of the Asseb port, it is surprising that all these ships–Iranian, Israeli, Emirati–don’t run into each other.

In 2012, quoting the same Strafor, Israel national news had stated, “In 2008, Tehran struck a deal with Asmara to maintain a military presence in Assab–officially to protect the state-owned renovated Soviet-era oil refinery there….”

Strafor also reported that, “[a]ccording to Stratfor diplomatic and media sources, Israel has small naval teams in the Dahlak archipelago and Massawa and a listening post in Amba Soira.”

At 9,902 feet height, Amba Soira in the Akele Guzai region is known to Eritreans as the highest mountain in Eritrea, which would be a terrible place to locate an Israeli military base!

Now, on to the “Emirati ships” in Asseb, as reported by Strafor. Basic forensic of the photo shows the following:

  1. The image is grainy, and of very low resolution.
  2. The date stamp on the image indicates it was taken on September 16—no year is given, although Stratfor was trying to imply it was September 16, 2015. Satellite imagery and images in general have come a long way from the low-resolution, grainy images of the last decade, or even of the last five years.
  3. To help us validate the photo, we pulled a current image of Asseb from onlinestreetview.com.  While the Strafor image looks like an old stock photo, the onlinestreetview image is clear and crisp.
  4. Like the rest of the Eritrean towns, the streets of Asseb port have not been maintained properly and current image shows potholes and dilapidated asphalt streets. The Strafor image shows well paved, pitch black asphalt streets.
  5. The alleged Emirati ships that are being touted in the image could well be American ships of a decade ago: General Abu Zaid had visited the port and provided Isaias Afwerki a tour aboard a US warship when the general was the commander of Centcom. They could very well be Soviet ships shot by satellite before the independence of Eritrea. Other than being outdated, it is hard to make out anything of the photo

A Convenient Lie

In the past, confronted by Arab media that it has given military bases to Israel, the Government of Eritrea has vociferously denied it.  Similarly, confronted by Western journalists that it has given military bases to Iran, it has dismissed it as fabrication. However, in this particular case, facing the claim that it has joined the Saudi alliance in the war against the Houthis:

1. Eritrea’s ambassador to the UN rejected claims that Eritrean soldiers are embedded with Emirati soldiers, but he did not deny that Eritrea is allied with Saudi Arabia in its war against the Houthis;

2. Eritrean websites affiliated with the Eritrean regime–Tesfanews.com and Eastafro.com–which are very selective about content they publish (always designed to rehabilitate the image of the Eritrean government or destroy that of Ethiopia’s) have publicized these claims.

Why is that?  There are only two possibilities: the news is true, or the news is false but a convenient falsehood. If it were true, the Eritrean regime would have gotten a benefit out of it. A deal of that sort will certainly secure Eritrea some fuel when the country has been without electricity ever since the downfall of Ghadaffi, who was the main financial backer of Isaias Afwerki. But power outages are still a daily occurrence; even the capital city of Asmara is dark most of its nights. Thus, we believe it is false and the Isaias Afwerki regime finds it in its interest to encourage this falsehood. Why?

Firstly, it wants to show the West that it is an indispensable ally in the Horn of Africa, even if it has to manufacture alliances that do not exist. It provides emotional relief to regime supporters and gullible observers, the so-called experts on the region, that Isaias and his regime have broken free from the siege they pushed themselves in. It might also advance lobbyist Herman Cohen’s marathon task to rehabilitate and “bring Eritrea in from the cold.”

Second, a regime facing severe economic hardship as evidenced by the flight of the youth, is now amenable to comply with Saudi and GCC countries request for some degree of cooperation.

But the Isaias Afwerki regime is not originator of these rumors; it is a free-rider. Who is fanning it? We believe it is none other than the intelligence services of what the SEMG coyly refers to as a “Horn of Africa member state.”

None of the above is to say that if Isaias Afwerki could a strike a deal to lease Asseb, to provide a base to anyone with large sums of hard currency, he wouldn’t. After all, in the early 2000s, he went on record (mostly through Girma Asmerom, his current ambassador to the UN, then the ambassador to the US) pleading with the United States to establish a base in Eritrea’s Red Sea. It’s possible that Isaias will strike a deal with the Saudis if the Yemeni crisis lingers on; we are simply stating that the claims made thus far are of dubious sources with questionable credibility.

We hope those who are parroting the story without any scrutiny (the so-called experts) will somehow demand a more convincing evidence before it becomes a yet another embarrassing episode of a classic case of rumor taking a life of its own and mushrooming to a major news only to be proven to be false in a matter of months.

Related Reading:

Isaias Wants A Bigger Role In The Yemeni Crisis
Eritrea May Play Role In Anti-Houthi Campaign
Iranian Support To Houthis via Eritrea Allegations.
Wikileaks Cables
Djibouti UAE Diplomatic Crisis Brings…
Saudi Arabia Eritrea Agree To Boost Red Sea Security

Strafor related:

To see the original images, check here  :
1. Strafor image 
2. Streetviewoline image (enter “asseb, eritrea” in the search box)
Report: Israel Operating Bases in Eritrea
Both Iran and Israel Have Military Bases in Eritrea (Strafor)
Saudi Arabia Imposes Naval Blockade On Red Sea Strait  

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  • David Barnabas

    Like everything else in this forum,this is nothing more than a Fictitious story that is backed by Heresay and no verifiable facts……………I wonder which one of you is next to write the next Novel…..?

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear Ayneta,
    I don’t know why someone is not bold enough to give his liver to this all in all man. Nittric don’t have healthy liver to provide but at least one among supporters may have good one. This should be given priority today. We all know the the opposition (I don’t mean reformers) can’t do that.- the liver they have belong to the mass.

  • Ayneta

    Dear Fnote Berhan:
    You seem to be sure about the authenticity of the photo regarding the IA and the Chinese delegation. In the social media source I referenced, it tells technical details on how one may validate the non-authenticity of the photo. On the contrary, you seem to know for a fact that the photo was not manipulated. It would be nice if you can educate us why you think the photo is authentic.

    Like Saay pointed out, one critical reason why the rumor has assumed a life of its own is because instead of showing a video clip, TV-Ere only showed a still photo which is usual to say the least as it would have given much , much sense to produce a clip. I still ask the question: why a still photo while they cold have used a video clip?

    It smells fishy. Either the guy is quite ill or he feels too miserable to be seen in public. Chogar kelbis alo endabelkayo yimewit…..tiray keykewin…emo gud keygebrena!

    • haileTG

      Hey Ayneta,

      Until FS comes back to you, let me share my authenticity check that I run and found it to be a genuine photograph of the individuals depicted, including that of IA:

      1 – Looking at the shadow cast beneath the figures, the direction, spacing, quantity and general outline of the reflection on the ground is consistent with normal expectations.

      2 – Taking closer look at the shadow of IA, its general outline traces the shape of his cap’s sun flaps.

      3 – The ratio and proportions of the real and shadow images, spacing (for example, the distance between legs of a person, both on the shadow and real) and other comparisons are all consistent.

      I here by conclude the picture before us is so determined as authentic and admissible as valid exhibit in the court of Awate debate chamber.

      Regards

      • saay7

        Haha Hailat:

        But here is what’s interesting, if you want to play devil’s advocate.

        Did you read the PR release of Sunridge Gold? They say that the “SPA was signed today in a ceremony in Asmara attended by a large delegation of about 20 persons from
        China.” Now, having the head of state present is a big deal. Why didn’t they mention it? Hmmmmmm? 🙂

        Of course, it would be interesting to know what the Sichuan Road & Bridge Mining Investment Development Corp. Ltd had to say about its visit. But the world’s largest construction company has no website:)

        saay

        • አዲስ

          Hi Saay,

          Here’s what the gossip section of ‘Addis Fortune’ reported about this rumor.

          http://addisfortune.net/columns/the-lot-of-the-troubled-and-troublesome-leader-up-in-ethiopias-north/

          Thanks,
          Addis

          • saay7

            Hi Addis:

            It looks like they included all the greatest hits of the rumor.

            We tried running a country without a vice president; then we tried a country without a Defense Minister. Now we are trying to run a country without a President. When you are going downhill, you can put the car on neutral and it will still go.

            saay

          • አዲስ

            Hi Saay,

            Eritrea is a unique country 🙂

            Thanks,
            Addis

          • PTS

            Addis,
            The buzz over there is about the Eritrean President while most of you don’t even know the name of your own President! Can’t you all quit the obssession with us?

          • አዲስ

            Hi PTS,

            If you’ve read the gossip section of ‘Addis Fortune’ before you would understand that its focus are more on EPRDF’s circle. So the buzz isn’t within the average Ethiopian. I don’t think the average Ethiopian is obsessed with you. Don’t flatter yourself 🙂

            About not knowing our President, I think it’s because that post is ceremonial. Apart from the welcoming of Ambassadorial posts, opening the joint house assemblies and inaugurating roads, Universities… people don’t hear much about him. I am sure almost everybody knows the Prime Minister. What do you think PTS?

            Thanks,
            Addis

          • PTS

            Addis,
            If that is the case ok I won’t flatter.
            “welcoming of Ambassadorial posts, opening the joint house assemblies and inaugurating roads…” is all those Isaias does too. How come everybody knows him? It is a confusing world.

          • አዲስ

            Haha PTS,

            I hope you are not comparing the powers of IA with that of Mulatu Teshome.

            Thanks,
            Addis

          • Eyob Medhane

            Addis,

            1) The current president of Ethiopia is actually very much active. He has a portfolio now that has a lot to do with attracting investment. So Girma W/Giorgis and Negaso Gidada’s Ambassador receiving and opening assemblies have been somewhat changed..

            2) I actually have a very positive view on Addis Ababans don’t know the president and the mayor of the city. It tells me that people have very little concern about personalities. As far as the mayor of Addis, many of the residents know the name (the first or the last name) I think the former mayor (Kuma Demeksa) and the current mayor (Diriba Kuma) have some what similar names and, again for people who care less for personalities that can be confusing.

    • Nitricc

      Hi Ayneta; are Ethiopian or Eritrean? The reason o ask is that if you are Ethiopian; be carful, last time the Ethiopians wishing Pia’s death; the angle of death took PMMZ and his faith father. I forgot the priest’s name. So be careful.

      • Ted

        Hi, Nitricc, may be they are setting us up Bereket Simon is about to depart. If there is the reason to worry, the Chines seem to be fond of showing up to take the last portrait;-)

    • Fnote Selam

      Ayneta,

      Haile said what I was going to say. On top of that, I saw the photo analysis running on facebook which seems to indicate that the pic last updated/edited in 2010 or 2012?). But that could be because the camera or the software was not properly set up.

      Regarding the EriTv clip, I agree with you and Saay.

      FS.

      • saay7

        Ayneta/Fnote Selam:

        For the record, I do not think there is anything wrong with Isaias Afwerki, health wise. This website has stubbornly avoided any speculation about his health because that’s playing into his favorite game. Disappear without explanation, reappear without fanfare just to keep everybody off their footing. I think the EriTV guys are not part of the conspiracy: they showed a still photo because he just didn’t feel like being videotaped with lowly Chinese diplomats.

        saay

        • Mahmud Saleh

          Ahlan Saleh
          That’s not good news for my bad friend Semere. You see, the “awet nHafash” type believe that positive change is possible through winning the Hafash. Others look for shortcuts, a divine intervention. The man has been rumored dead so many times and the rumor mill never rests. Now, to back track a bit, I have no evidence semere believes that, but I don’t know why, it just comes to my mind. I think I need my Filfilomecis, and Ararebomics editions.

          • Semere Andom

            Hi Mahmud:
            For the record, I do regular “tselot” and “rekA “rekAtein” everyday for IA to be in robust health. I am unhappy when the rumors about his death get their own life. I want him to be healthy both mentally and physically.

        • haileTG

          Hey saay, President Isaias Afewerki is dead. Although, we don’t know the whereabouts of the person Isaias Afewerki. The President Isaias Afewerki, having absconded from all international meetings, having no role or part in interacting the public on any issue involving headline, having left everything folo for this long, the current president of Eritrea is indeed dead. I guess that is what should be our main concern. Agree? 🙂

          • saay7

            Hey Hailat:

            Strongly disagree but you know that:)

            Functions of prez:

            1. Chief commanding officer
            2. Spokesperson of nation at regional and international venues
            3. One hundred other things including head of cabinet, head of state, head of government, head of regional government, etc etc Etc

            With Isaias, his sole interest is 1 -and 2 above. He is bored to death with 3.

            So really all the cries for lifting the sanctions have to do with his inability to execute 1 and 2 to his hearts content.

            saay

          • Saleh Johar

            HaileTG and Saay,
            You are both “Asmarino”, that’s is my perception and you keep writing “folo”–I think you are both trying to say “in folle” as in neutral gear!

          • saay7

            Ahlan SGJ:

            It might be confusing to non-asmarinos of how Italians stole some asmarino words:

            English: bread
            asmarino: Bani
            Italian; Pane

            English: state camp
            Asmarino: combishtato
            Italian: campo statio

            English: neutral gear
            asmarino: folo
            Italian: in folle

            English: liar
            Asmarino: khezab
            Arabic: kezab

            All these languages just borrowing from asmarino and not crediting it. It’s a shame I tell you.

            saay

          • Saleh Johar

            Saay,
            And that is the typical Asmario, typical Asmarino invention, a ready greased ring to let a Sri-cento pass through. The motto of your city: Never admit a mistake but defeat the correction. They say Nsu graduated from there. Kidi da’a nkhal’eki beleyo 🙂

            But you are right, words get corrupted when adopted in different cultures. I will not do this again, just stop making fun of my beoble–if not baying rebenge you are son of donkey 🙂

          • saay7

            Haha Abu Salah:

            But your beoble are crazy and worthy of mockery. They mix up Arabic Tigre Italian…when I was a kid and I went to your claustrophobic town, this kid tells me a long (looooooong) story about a menial worker, a horse, a cart and this was the punch line:

            Alora alora alora
            dekhelna fi al’nora

            My oxygen tank was running empty. I immediately rushed to the bus station and went home, just in case he had another long story with an equally terrible punch line. I mean bunch line.

            saay

          • Saleh Johar

            Saay,
            And this from an Asmarino who says Bani just to kill the p which he otherwise protects. Grm!

  • haileTG

    hi saba my responses to you and another to dawit are held up at disques, give it some time:)

    • Saba

      Thank you HaileTG, i can see it.

      Anyway you are more funnier:) Tihisho!
      That guy with 1Nacfa is
      still in Eritrea, how is that you are his friend? Dankera in NY or
      enderatat with coi, un & tplf is not going to help him. That guy is not yet in Ethiopia and he has a high
      probability of disappearing before coming to your guayla. So other than
      the “cyber love”, how do you show your friendship to that guy? How do
      you help him? I hope your answer is not with more “coi, un&tplf”.

  • T..T.

    Hi haile TG and all,

    This is where we heading to, if Isayas imposes the exchange rate at 1:15, the current pegged exchange rate, given the black market rate is forcibly equated to same rate, as well.

    If the price of a sheep in Eritrea is Nacfa 3000 @ exchange rate of 1:15, the price of a sheep in Eritrea in USDollars equals US$200.00 (NKF3000/15). We know the average price of a sheep in USA in US$113.00

    Based on the purchasing power parity theory, a sheep costs US$113.00 in the USA, whereas in Eritrea the average price of a sheep is US$200.00. Therefore, the exchange rate is US$113 = US$200, which is equal to 1.77:1.00, i.e. for every 1 Nacfa fetches you 1.77 US dollars. That makes Nacfa the most expensive currency in the world.

    • haileTG

      Hey T..T.

      The USA sheep comes skinned (only meat, no hide) but the sheep in Eritrea comes with the skin which has a resale value 🙂 can you recalculate based on that?? haha..kidding ya. Good analysis bro.

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    Another unconfirmed report also indicates that the AK-47 that were distributed to the civilian population under the infamous Hizbawi Serawit scheme are being recalled. Of course, this has not been verified yet but it seems an entirely new ball game when seen against the upcoming financial turmoil.

    Regards

  • Ted

    Hi HTG, it sounds a bit like desperation on your side looking for something to come out of this. This is the problem being shadow opposition screaming behind the screen ,”smoking out the@#$/# ” is that wink wink shoot IA to save your 50 million to whoever is on the other end. It is very low even from your kind of opposition standard my man then again there is always a new low. I really feel bad for AH.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Teddy,
      why you feel bad for me my brother? Feel only bad for our people inside Eritrea who are under the grip of the cruel dictator especially our youth. I am like you away from the dark situation our people are living in. Just be their voice only. I am in a good hand in the country you live in.
      Regards,
      Amanuel Hidrat

    • haileTG

      Hi Ted, desperation is the correct default position to be in opposing the regime and your laid back and cavalier attitude a concern. Especially, when hundreds of thousands of yours and my people are rotting in camps and many dying in seas and deserts as well as bodies still in vaults of off shore territories. The despicable PFDJ had been paying 25000 NKF per month to house Mola Asgedom while Eritrean parents begged to collect ransom money to pay for their children. Mola spat on the face of the despicable PFDJ and left them on the lurch. Tell me low Ted, may be you’re better placed to describe it. The very reason people are caught up in this is low in itself, but you wouldn’t see it, would you? Those people were working with the regime, not opposing it and now they are fully humiliated, that is low, very low, especially for those who can tell the difference. You need to appreciate that PFDJ is at the center of all of this and I have long lost the slightest sympathy of that crooked entity and its leadership. We don’t share the same sentiment on that.

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear Ted,

      Just wondering, how you think of People, who are the people you think? is that PFDJ only? have you ever visited Eritrea? do you ever visited the refuge camps in Ethiopia and Sudan? do you have close relatives in Eritrea? can you kindly answer to me, without barking?

      if you answer yes, the last question will be have you committed some crime supporting PFDJ and you are afraid of facing justice? if yes, get my best advice…be hurry correct your mistakes now to be forgiven by the real lion that is roaring over your leadership. and that is easy all you have to do is ask for pardon today…”ዝበላዕኩሞ ምለሱ :- ብዱላ ከይትሉኽሰሱ ;-“ኣቶ ኣብራሃም ሰጊድ::

      • Ted

        Hi KS, a few months a go asked my family in Asmara to give some money to a friend of mine. They went to the bank to withdraw money but couldn’t get the amount they requested and was told to come back some other time( i was told it was like this for a while). They managed to get the money from here and there but the bills were only small~ 10 Nakfa no big bills to be found. That got me thinking, why? Now it make sense that the Gov has planned it for a while to have all the money in their vault. What comes next or how people will get affected? i have no clue. Why do i tell you this KS? i don’t know but it helps you to stick to the point rather than going witch hunting. You are out of luck if you are looking to jerk my tears for refugee or lost kidney. You need to come up with a plan to help the Eritrean people at large. My plan is reforming the Gov to respect human right, the rule of law and justice.

        • Kokhob Selam

          Hi Ted,

          so you justify why that happened, saying”Now it make sense that the Gov has planned it for a while to have all the money in their vault. “ግርም እባ ዚኣ ወደይ ! if PFDJ has any plan, no problem for you if the people suffer. I don’t know if you know the saying “ዕሩብ ሕልና ‘ቲ ክብረት ኣልቦ – ስኽፍ ነይብሎ ወጉኑ ክጸቦ::”

          our superman who flies to Asamara to reform, you will be come the most advantageous man on earth in next few days! you must be better than Deru’e even better than Bitweded.

          What is steps you will get to reform? as our minster Yemane is telling you just they will make magic,bang!

          honestly speaking I wish all reformers take an action so we could have clearly seen them eaten by PFDJ. if PFDJ is in trouble(yes ended it is ) they will try to call you soon but do you know the story of Sagem? where is that group? PFDJ may do the same, when they make sure they are at dead end to find a group who will die with them – መቃብርቲ ክትኮንዎም::

  • Ayneta

    Selamat:
    On related issue, it has long been speculated that IA’ overall health is questionable and that his sporadic absence from pay public eyes has got something got to do with his health status . Today I read in the social media that the recent photo that displayed IA with the Chinese delegate that recently visited Eritrea was in fact photoshoped and manipulated. The photo was widely circulated by PFDJ pro websites including Meskerem to substantiate the claim that the guy is healthy and kicking.

    In similar vein, much to the dismay of dawit and Nittric, from the outlook, the guy seems quite worked out and languishing . He has aged quite spectacularly the past few years and obviously a healthy guy cant have a facial look like he does.

    I only hope he wont perish away while we are talking about currency:). It seems to me the change that we have been longing may actually come with his long overdue passing!

    Buruk sensbet.

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear Ayneta,

      If the man depart, you and me will say I think RIP. I will be the first to pay the condolence. The man was not born to be dictator but he was modified to be. After his death, he goes back to his creator. the creator is kind holding 99% of kindness we in the universe are using only 1% ( don’t ask me why God has done so..Lol.) and hopefully will forgive him or allow him to experience another life. What ever the case the real peace lovers will not wish him heal. unlike him and his supporters the peace lovers will not fight with dead soul. sure you will agree with me on this.

      Now, was he the problem? this is the point I want to discuss with you. I feel it will be a crime to shouldering him every problem we face in Eritrea. but more than that , I worry that we may have wrong understanding of our disastrous history so we may find ourselves in similar situation if we don’t know the main cause of our problems.

      see, whatever the man owns in knowledge it is always the societies who play the main role.No single dictator has appeared on earth unless he finds the ground on the society he live in. in fact if the people are aware and awaken, no dictator can play the game from the beginning.

      so, the struggle you see between reformists and the real revolutionaries is laying here. the change Eritrea needs is not only the absent of the dictator on power today. the change we need is all the way from the root. the root that can create any dictator in the future. what does that mean? that means the way we think should be changed in all fields and we have to struggle against all new negative cultures that has developed which are not our original culture like -owning others, self interest-opportunism, laziness -and working for short cuts, and we have to optimize of evidence based thinking, , responsibility, developing scientific approach, charting out and planing of actions and steps, etc. so it is not about the man, the man is the result of our thinking it is not the death of PIA it is the death of the thinking the system he and his group have….but also first and important base- our weakness that the group exploit should die completely. we have to know People are important and again people are owners and also every result say it poverty, and lack of god leadership are the weakness of people.

      a bit tough isn’t it? it seems like saying people are bad, not at all. truth is above all and truth and love go together. so, we need to challenge our selves and won over our wrong ideas and weakness. That is the radical change I believe. what do you say?

      • Kokhob Selam

        Dear Ayneta,
        you said nothing and the post above seems useless. may be you don’t agree on the points or may be you agree but you don’t want to show your stand for different reasons. and most probably, you didn’t get the idea due to wrong explanation. in any case, I wish I get your fed back so to learn from you.

    • Fnote Selam

      Ayneta,

      The photo doesn’t look like photoshoped IMO (beside contrast, size etc), i.e., IA indeed took the photo with those Chinese. More interesting question though, why is the minister of mining absent from a significant mining related event?

      FS.

      • saay7

        Hey Fnote/Ayneta:

        Sharing the pic with the rest of awatistas, this is what we are talking about:

        http://www.shabait.com/images/stories/sawa/nov-6-president.jpg

        Some Eritreans have reviewed the pic with more intensity that New Orleans AG looking at JFK video in Texas (“JFK”, Oliver Stone movie.)

        What’s curious, to me, is not the photo’s publication in Shabait. What’s curious is that Dawit’s favorite TV station, Eri-TV, showed the same still photo (not video) of IA and the Chinese in its coverage of the news. Why would a TV station show a still photo and not a video? This is what’s feeding the speculation.

        And, yes, Fnote Selam, the Minister of Mining (Sebhat Ephrem) was in the meeting as Eri-TV’s VIDEOGRPHED (not photographed) news showed same day:)

        saay

  • T..T.

    Hi all,

    Although events may proceed differently, we can shoot in our opinions or perceived explanations if you believe the urgent currency replacement is guided by certain concealed motives.

    Just for discussion purposes, one can develop a case based on the current events.

    Suppose the Sudanese businesses, on hearing the Dubai goods started entering through Assab, decide to stop dealing in Eritrean banknotes rendering Nacfa currency unacceptable. Immediately, then Isayas, who is sick in his bed, orders replacement of old Nacfa with a new one before the currency situation deteriorates.

    With these two hot items of the news, a certain Eritrean contrabandist named Hagos Gofifa who already sold his old Toyata Cruiser at Nacfa 450,000 to an Asmara resident offers to buy back his old Toyata at Nacfa 2,250,000, that is 5 times he sold price. Another contrabandist steps in and offers Nacfa 4,500,000, i.e. Pushing Nacfa 10 TIMES CHEAPER. To contain the ongoing hyper-inflationary of Nacfa currency, Hagos Kisha decided to suck in in a sack (tight prison) Hagos Gofifa and those others involved in order to stop rapid and wide circulation of the news.

    FACING THE OSTENSIBLE SITUATION: Knowing what you know, now, as a person holding millions of Nacfa, would you hold on instead? Sell Nacfa at ten times cheaper? Kill Hagos Gofifa and Hagos Kisha to save Nacfa? Let Nacfa float to its right value and be ready to start afresh safely? Would you insist on knowing whether Isayas still in control of the situation from his bed before you make decision about the new Nacfa?

    • AOsman

      Dear T.T,

      How about if Hagos Kisha has loads of $$$ in his kisha delivered from his Yemen investment and wanted to exchange it for a cheaper NKF. Wouldn’t he create a panic, then be the buyer? You know the government is a player in the black market…are they shooting themselves in the foot? I bet they are……actually they wont start the time bomb ticking – they are hoping people will rush before the announcement of the date – check the first rumor spread picked by Haile TG about printing problem – me think they don’t want to check mate themselves.

      Regards
      AOsman

      • T..T.

        Dear AOsman,

        If Hagos Kisha opens his vault and sells his US dollars to buy Nacfa from the market at the prevailing exchange rates, even at Hagos Kofifa offered rate of exchange, that would be considered as a governmental intervention to stabilize its currency. Such moves are within the character of a caring government.

        If Kisha could pump in enough US dollars to strengthen the weak demand for Nacfa, again that would be a manipulating strategy to save Nacfa in accordance with the normal moves of all responsible central banks. The question is: how much of US dollar pumping into the market will push back the black market exchange rate of the Nacfa to its pegged rate with the US dollar, i.e 13:1? The only way to so seeing the Nacfa strengthened is to have good relationships with the Eritrean Diasporas, who are 3:1, i.e., for every one Eritrean inside Eritrea there are three Eritrean Diasporas who can help save the nation and not Isayas.

        • AOsman

          Dear T.T,

          I meant the opposite, rather than 13:1 consider 60+. All those who are panicking they would want to get rid of their NKF currency and Mr Kisha has an opportunity to buy it back at an inflated price. Then he can consider the stabilization process. If things don’t work out, they can throw the towel and issue the new currency. Anyway, I was being the devils advocate as these guys are all criminals to begin with, so don’t look at them as desperate to solve a problem.

          In any case the currency replacement by itself will not solve the problem, the idea of using checks and shifting e-money is the best way to deal with the hoarding problem.

          Regards
          AOsman

          • Fnote Selam

            AOsman,

            Have you considered the difficulty of using checks in Eritrea? Only work it could work is if there very expansive campaign to educate the public is undertaken. Even with that, it going to take some time……

            FS.

          • AOsman

            Dear Fnote Selam,

            The idea of cheques and cards/e-money is that the money is deposited in the bank and the government will not loose the control….that is what they are desperately trying. If you listened to the announcement that is the way the will go about it. At the rate of 20K limit per person, you know not much new currency will be issued to the public.

            About practicality concern, you need to check out what is done in Somalia. Trade related and any other transactions are done by mobile, you buy credit from the telecom provider and then you are able to transfer the credit to anyone who has the mobile. This new method of transaction is popularly used by all, even the illiterate. The technology has been introduced by the private sector, but in Eritrea it can be introduced by the government. This can reduce the need for paper currency, but GoE will need to take some steps in relaxing its restriction on ownership of mobile lines.

            There is much to be learned from Somalia, that is the path we are heading and by taking lessons early may help avert many future complications.

            http://jpkoning.blogspot.com/2013/03/orphaned-currency-odd-case-of-somali.html

            Regards
            AOsman

          • Fnote Selam

            AOSman,

            In this matter Somalia is way ahead of us. Just can’t see working in Eritrea for the near future without massive public education which I am sure the gov is interested in conducting.

            FS.

    • haileTG

      Hello T.T..

      The Nakfa will be worth nothing on midnight December 31, 2015 (that is when the six week period will elapse starting from Nov. 18, 2015). So, one must dispose off old nakfa in whatever optimal means as they could based on their situation. The only other options are:

      1 – to get the regime to negotiate the terms of redemption of the notes;

      2 – to remove the regime by force and suspend the proclamation until a new government, that is not party to the dispute and have no vested interest, gives a new direction on how to surrender the notes and redeem its value.

      Short of these two options, everyone will lose and the new currency will just be another nakfa with different movers and shakers in the money circulation scene.

      Regards

      • T..T.

        Hello haile TG,

        From technical operation of the declared currency redemption, I will go for option one. Yes, it is better to negotiate for new and extended terms that allow reasonable time until the old currency is redeemed for the new one. Thus, the re-negotiation will quietly force the regime to forfeit its order for instantaneous redemption.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Hailat , Osman & T.T,

        The exchange you are making back and forth is right on. Please keep it. This is the time I sit in the back seat to watch and learn, and I am sure others are doing the same thing. There is nothing a debate like this one that keeps my eyes on it. Great inputs from three of you. Where is saay? I think he is taking the issue as a “project” – digging from behind the scene.

        regards,
        Amanuel Hidrat

      • Saba

        Dear HaileTG,
        The second option seems better option but who is going to do it? You or me or both of us? Or coi, un, and tplf?

      • dawit

        Hailat TG,
        Yes the new currency is another nakfa, but new one. As I indicated before is exchanging your old Toyota with a brand new Toyota, and six weeks is more than enough time to make the exchange, given the numerous places and government agencies that will be involved in the exchange process. I am sure the National Service recruits will be involved for smooth transaction. The Arbi Freedom gangs along the Diaspora based radio stations may try to mislead few.
        Regards,
        dawit

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Dear dawit,

          Brother, I am visualizing you advocating for IA holding a placard, even when he breathed his last breath and locked in his coffin, on the way for his final burial. I am afraid not to ask us to resuscitate him and pray for a miracle to see him again. Unfortunately it won’t happen my dear.

          regards,
          Amanuel Hidrat

          • dawit

            Dear Amanuel,
            Everyone’s hours is very near, even if you are born today. The question is what did you do with your allocated time. PIA must be proud for what he has accomplished wit his allotted time. Do you Amanuel?

          • T..T.

            Hi dawit,

            You must be at disservice to your own family members when you commend the dictator for his cruelty and ruthlessness in depriving the Eritrean people from all their basic rights. Don’t see how so alienated you are. People who were abused find alienation as a necessary ingredient to avoid being abused again. They take such a stance because they don’t trust any. If possible, they seek revenge when chances arise – just what your Isayas is doing. Or, support an abuser as a relief to their past pain.

          • Semere Andom

            Hi T,T
            serial killers like DIA, Gaddaffi are the role models of dawit

          • T..T.

            Hi Semere Andom,

            Unless inflicting pain on his fellow Eritreans is an inseparable part of dawit, he must understand why we are opposing as to why he is uncritically serving the tyrant from his cozy place to condemn those innocent Eritreans including babies and mothers, who are suffering in the colds/heats of the deserts or drowning in the high seas.

          • Dear Semere Andom,

            Here is one more reason among many not to support a regime that has caused so much pain and desperation; and yet, there are many who think and breathe with the brain and lungs of the very regime that has caused mayhem in Eritrea. These young Eritreans are the same people whom the regime calls tourists who would return to Eritrea after 3-4 yrs.. Anybody can feel the pain in their hearts, of course, except the diehard regime supporters.

            http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-34719682

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Horizon,

            Sorry I don’t know how I miss this one. Just saw it, okay I will do that on Friday with one but for now urgently prepared one is here bellow,

            ……….. የጥይት ንቅሳት ………..

            የስቃዩ ብዛት – የንሮው ንቅሳት :-
            ሰቀቀኑ ኣንሶት – ምነው ኣካልን መብሳት :-
            ቆዳን ብሹል መውጋት – በመርፌ በኣጥንት :-
            ጀግንነት ኣይሉት ውበት – ሸሽቶ ለመታየት::

            ለኩርማን እንጀራ :-
            – ተገኝቶልን ስራ :-
            ወጣት ሲሰማራ :-
            – ስደት በየተራ :-
            ለእዩልኝ ጉራ :-
            -ኣጉል ሲንጠራራ :-
            ኣይቀበል ኣደራ :-
            – ኣይመራ ኣያስመራ ::

            በኛ ዘመን ‘ማ :-
            መች ታይቶን ምቾት – መቸ ታይቶን ውበት :-
            መች ታይቶን ድሎት – የጀግኖቹ ኣንጀት :-
            ትግሉን ከስደት – ከውርደት ነጻነት :-
            እሱ ነበር ወጣትነት – የጥይት ንቅሳት :::

          • “የጥይት ንቅሳት”. Dear KS; these indeed are words from a ጀግና.
            Scars and marks left on the body and the souls of our people are pages from our painful history. I wish that at one point we acquire the wisdom to heal these scares and mitigate the pains of this and the coming generations.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Horizon,

            Yes, ended! your wish is my wish too. if you notice in all my poems and posts, I put what was going on and what is going on as healing is a process and should be clear like the wound that should be first clearly seen and wiped to put the medicine needed.

            again if you see again I promised you that I will put new poem in both languages to say what the young is supposed to do learning from the past and correcting mistakes while taking the positive once wish him.In here what I tried to put is, that I am not proud of the young who leave his nation while people are suffering and the tattoo in his body will not show his heroism. and also we, in our time use to fight and die or lIve with the tattoo printed by the enemies bullet. This massage makes the young who have sensitive skin a bit nervous and shame and let him start to think. At some point he may try to defend but sure he will read again and again even hidden in secret place which will also get another information that we were heroes but we have done a lot of mistakes in history which will direct him to be responsible to work for peace and tranquility of our people.

            read Fridays poem in the same subject with bigger massage.

        • Ted

          Hi Dawit. Many things change.
          1, The amount of money in public hand will be reduced to minimum( withdrawal restriction during those 6 wks and beyond) and to control it further,the Gov will force those with big transaction to use cheques.
          2. As the money supply shrinks so does the price of goods. The problem, those who paid with old nakfa for their merchandise now have to adjust to the new artificially valued new nakfa( 1;13 new vs 1;50 old) assuming the parallel banking( black market )won’t be in the game no more. If i were a business person in Asmara, i will sell my merchandise with reduced price to get my money worth. To the opposite what Hail TG’s analysis.
          3, The main problem for black market people and corrupt officials is “where did all this money come from” other than that if they can clean the money one way or another to New Nakfa, they are the winners.
          4, in a short term the Gov will lose money as it take time the market stabilizes new nakfa to value of goods but in a long run Gov will control the dollar catell to set the market. But all this only can happen if they have good supply of dollars for business people and control black market dollar effectively.
          of course i don’t know, and here those think they know really don’t want to say i don’t know.

          • dawit

            Hi Ted,

            What you said essentially true. In the short run the cash money supply outside the banking system will be reduced thereby putting prices to go down. But the money supply in the country will not necessary be reduced. The bank money or the checking account of the public is to increase and that is part of the money supply. People are free to write check to pay for their transaction using checks. I think that is what the central bank is trying to achieve with the introduction of the new nakfa and prices will be stabilized to what ever level the quantity of money level after the change. On the foreign exchange market the country follows a two system the government determined exchange rate 1:15 while the parallel (Black Market and Free Market) rate is close 1:45 which is three times the official rate. The problem for Bank of Eritrea is it does not have enough foreign reserve to provide for all transactions that the government needs especially for national defense as well as the commercial needs of the country. Hopefully the Mining Industry Assab lease (if true) could generate additional foreign exchange reserve enough to supply the government needs and for commercial private needs to import merchandise and raw materials to increase industrial output in the country. When goods and services increase in the country that would stabilize the market and possibly curb inflation pressure.

            In my opinion there are two kinds of parallel foreign exchange markets in the country. One is pure black market that syphon wealth from Eritrea to the outside world. This the most harmful that introduces inflation to the country without contributing to the economy of the country. This exchange is done by remote control system where you pay the foreign currency outside the country and you collect the local currency in Eritrea. I believe this money must belong to absentee land lords who collect inflated rent from the working population in the country and transfer it in the form of foreign currency outside the country. I object to such practices because it put burden on the poor to pay for the rent beyond their income. I see PFDJ failure not to take care of this problem in the country through rent control. I am sure this also could ease burden the country’s legal system trying to resolve disputes between land lords and tenant.
            The other is the free market exchange rate where Eritrean Diaspora bring the hard currency inside the country and exchanged it for the local currency. I am not sure how true it is but I was told that the government itself participate in this market using its agents to get some of the foreign currency cash brought by the Diaspora population. That may be the reason why people are not prosecuted participating in this marketThe hard currency could end up in the hands of merchants that will use it to import merchandize from outside the country. The price of the imported merchandize will reflect the inflated price of the foreign currency paid to secure it. I don’t have any problem with this free market and even if the government also participate in it, because of its inability to secure enough foreign currency from its legal exchange rates through the banking system. I think one of the reason for having the parallel system is to take advantage of funds that the government may receive from international organizations, or the foreign mining companies that need their local expenses in local currency or international tourists who could find still price cheap in Eritrea, compared to their countries especially Europe and America.
            The other source of inflation is corruption. As the saying goes ‘easy come easy spent’. People who get money because of their position by demanding payment for their public or private services, don’t care when they spend such money and they can bid prices in the market causing inflation in the market system. Here is another weakness I see of PFDJ. It should pay civil servants and EDF members enough salary to compensate for their services. There should be a salary scale that is adequate to pay rent, food and transportation at the minimum and periodic cost of living adjustments to compensate for inflation. It needs also to compensate the stipends of National Service participants to cover basic needs of food, shelter and clothing.
            I hope this currency exchange is a beginning of real economic reform in the country while still fighting both external and internal enemies of the country.

      • PTS

        HaileTG,
        What happens if I send $$ money for the Lidet holiday? Is that a good idea or should I wait till the new currency is distributed?

        • haileTG

          hey PTS,

          Obviously it is better not to send if the plan is to exchange outside the bank. If the money reach them after Dec. 3, they will have to prove their source in order to deposit it or exchange it. If they hold on to the hard currency, you will need to send the money in hard currency, that is not easy to do unless someone is taking it to them. If you however send through normal banking system (Western Union works with HIMBOL located at Bahti Meskerem) it is reasonably faster, documented and the exchange rate is around 15: 1 (minus service charges). In which case you may need to fatten up the gift cash envelop because to send 15000 Nakfa ( ship is @3000, Taff @8000/quintal and 4000nakfa expenses) you will need to send just over $1600 (inc. tax and charges) 🙂 ርሑስ ኣውደኣመት ድማ ይግበሮ 🙂

          • Ted

            Entay rehus awdeamet kegebro!staff $ 8000.moyitkum.

          • AOsman

            Dear Haile TG,

            I must have missed it, did the government announce that Dec 3 is the start day for the 6 weeks process?

            Regards
            AOsman

          • haileTG

            hey Aosman,

            እዋእ..ኣንታ ንስኻ’ውን ኣለዋኻ ድየን ቁሩብ ናቕፋ? ክትርስዕ ጀሚርካ ዓርከይ…haha just kidding ya. Actually, the Bank of Eritrea has announced that the six week period will run from November 18 through to December 30. The actual cut off point for the initial two week grace period is Dec. 1. Nov. 18th is on Wed. and Dec. 1 is a Tue. I would have thought that the two week should’ve been on Dec. 2 which would make it from Wed. to Wed. That is why I mentioned before Dec 3. PFDJ being PFDJ however, it even went for the shorter side of a 13* day two week period rather than 14 days.

            http://shabait.com/news/local-news/20729-bank-of-eritrea-announces-time-lines-

            Regards

            * The number 13 may be ominous if you believe in numerology.

          • Saleh Johar

            HaileTG,
            Your comment made me laugh because I remembered something funny.
            Just like the #, 13, is a bad omen, in the Southern parts of Yemen (Hadremout) Wednesday is equally seen as a bad omen. If you anger them they wish you bad luck and say “Youm ArrebouE Aala Gernek” [May Wednesday land on your horns] I hard its origin dates back to the early 20th century when the people of the mentioned area were devastated in a battle. To this day, some people treat Wednesday like the Jews treat Sabbath: They don’t stitch or wear clothes, and refrain from doing several things you do as an expression of joy or happiness. Now you brought Nov 18, a Wednesday, and calculated the 13 day two-weeks. Western and Eastern superstitions are aligned, and I also remembered the nick of a friend: Yerhuwo Amlakh!

      • Berhe Y

        Hello HaileTG and,

        I actually do not think the government can proceed with the proof in order to exchange the nacfa to the new currency.

        I think those involved in providing proof and those involved in checking the proof can collaborate to provide documentation that the government will not be able to check and verify in time to determine.

        If the system is corrupted to the bone as seems to be the case, who is going to check whom?

        They are doing that to threaten people and to provide some sort of justification to the public to let them know..”the government is after those who are hording Nacfa and that it’s in full control” as peoplea are already seemed to accept the change and put the blame to the greedy instead.

        In a real world, it would have been easy to change the government rather than changing the currency.

        Berhe

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Dear Berhe,

          Expect some scapegoats who will bear the responsibilities of all this financial fiasco. But the big Sharks will survive as always in a crises of corruption of this magnitude.

          Regards
          Amanuel Hidrat

        • haileTG

          Hello Berhe,

          You’re right and that is just the reality on the ground. This was why I said the following in my longer post yesterday:

          … The current proposed measure of currency conversion is unlikely to work, but pron to result further turmoil in the system. For example, the mechanism proposed overlooks the fact that those supposed to implement it are also dependent on the parallel economy for their livelihoods.

          Regards

  • haileTG

    Hello Awatista,

    This is not verified information, but an Eritrea based confidante has just told me that the regime has encountered some problems in being able to print money and this measure is taken to stock up the Bank instead. Information is still being gathered as it doesn’t make sense that the money is being changed, stay tuned 🙂

    PS: IA had more than once in the past, visited a Sudanese money printing facility.

    • Abraham Hanibal

      Selamat Haile TG,

      Yes, indeed, in recent times there has been curbs on the withdrawal of Nakfa from banks; the regime had set a max.10k nkf limit on withdrawal and it had come up with threats of retributions should anyone be held with more than 20k cash. This indicates the regime was suffering from the shortage of the Nakfa currency which as your source told you they couldn’t remedy by their usual way of printing extra currency. Even those who were involved in the trade of black market exchange (these include mainly the Red Sea Corporation/07 and its affiliated traders), couldn’t get enough nakfa for their exchange business, and the business was grounding to a halt, though some traders were getting their way out of the problem. In short the regime has let the black market to thrive, underming the nakfa and the official exchange for decades because of its mafia style rule, and now it is trying to get out of its own trap. However, sadly, it is the poor people who have to pay the ultimate price.

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    The issue of currency change in Eritrea has come as a surprise and most of us are speculating and hypothesizing on its motive, practicality as well as intended/unintended potential outcome. The key here is that we’re speculating and hypothesizing, therefore those who have to make real decision on their financial matters in the next few weeks should not base their decision on what is discussed here, but rather take it all with due care.

    The lack of hard currency in Eritrea is symptomatic of a host of many issues. Mismanagement, corruption, siphoning off, large scale black market, international censuring, isolation…. are but to mention few. In response to the mounting pressure, the regime had tried many things to reverse the tide. Some 3-4 years ago, two rounds of investment proposals were made to diaspora Eritreans. It didn’t yield. Then some 3 years ago, a housing construction proposal was made whereby payments were sought in Euro and in advance (25% deposit and the rest within two years). It didn’t yield. Again, following those attempts, a proclamation was made that watered down the penalty for engaging in black market Forex exchange (to a mere 50,000 NKF fine) and lifting the amount of undeclared hard currency to $10,000 per traveler. That may have helped some but also must have exacerbated the problem at the same time. And finally, the regime is pulling the plug on the currency itself and proposed to either exchange it in a very tight time and amount schedule or render it useless within few short weeks if its terms are not met.

    Amid all the above, all of diaspora remittance (less 2%) is handled by the black market, most goods were imported in contraband, fuel is distributed by irregular street vendors and many people were having to deal with settling ransom demands made against the life of a family member. Within the country, bribe is the only way of getting access to government services and many peoples life long toil to build homes were put to the ground with bulldozers sent by the regime.

    In Eritrea, the formal economy can’t sustain livelihoods. It is the informal parallel economy that makes things run. In other words, the regime’s cover up to make the current currency change as an attempt to curb illegal financial activities is just a cover up. To curb the parallel economy means to curb livelihoods because there is no an alternative formal economy that will fill its place. At 700Nakfa per month of NS income, with rent prices 2000NKF per month at the low end and simple food items costing hundreds for small measure (1kg meat @ 320NKF), it is simply astounding that people are asked to rely on that to survive.

    However, life must go on. The current proposed measure of currency conversion is unlikely to work, but pron to result further turmoil in the system. For example, the mechanism proposed overlooks the fact that those supposed to implement it are also dependent on the parallel economy for their livelihoods. The proposed time frame isn’t capable of handling demand, once both new and old currency are available, there are no means to detect authentic from non-authentic conversion undertakings by consumers. The lack of proper automation, real-time networking and data transfer and lax security measures render the whole process pliable.

    The reality appears that the whole motive for doing this currency change is something else altogether. It is rational to suspect that there is certain problem encountered by the financial arm of the regime that necessitates the removal of the paper money in circulation. In fact, not only remove it but do it fast. Such reason is hidden from the people and can be nothing but to reinforce the parallel economy and not tame it. How dangerous is it? We wouldn’t know until during/after the event. Sadly the regime’s impunity is still overlooked by those who should take action to protect their people and their own fate. We hope that the ramifications will not be devastating.

    Regards

    • Dear HTG,

      I think that currency change is to be followed by more political developments. There could be different
      reasons for currency change; absence of funds for investment, hyperinflation, problems of counterfeiting, irregular foreign currency exchange which siphons part of it to the pockets of citizens, etc.. Nevertheless, another main reason for this costly endeavor nobody is sure will succeed, could be to find out people who had been hoarding Nakfa with the aim to expose them in the eyes of citizens and purge some unwanted government officials. The propaganda machine will work full time, presenting them as the corrupt officials and business men/women who had been hoarding money and caused the suffering of the people,
      and the government could not make salary increases, invest in development to create jobs or carry out welfare services etc.. Just imagine government officials with millions forced to go to banks to change for the new currency. They will be known by the regime and by all Eritreans. They will be labeled as the causes of their suffering. Then, the regime will go on a purging spree, rounding up some and sending them to prison, thus getting rid of unwanted people, as I said above. It will try to gain a progressive face for itself in the eyes of citizens. We should not be surprised if the regime declares that the regime is reborn, and change is coming to Eritrea and people should rejoice.
      Furthermore, at some stage, I expect that the regime will limit the amount to be exchanged, and people
      would lose large amounts of money, thus indirectly stealing the money from them. (Just my two pennies worth).

      Regards.

      • Olana

        Dear Horizon
        Who in his right mind will hoard Nakfa in Eritrea considering the unpredictability of Isaiah Afowerki? The ministries must be stupid if they do not keep their money in hard currency and bank it in a foreign country, knowing the ever changing behavior of Isaiah. The reason could be to control the black market forex if they could limit the amount of Nakfa anyone could withdraw from the banks in cash and if they could also trace the movement of significant transactions in the country. Another reason could be a significant counterfeit Nakfa could be in circulation and so they should tackle it. All these are I think positive measures if there is no other bad political motives behind the change of Nakfa.

        • Dear Olana,

          What you said is true. One can think of different sources the illicit money accumulated by corrupt government officials and business men/women is coming from. These are the wealth of the country that is stolen in different ways (for example from the gold that is export and through items the country has to import, such as oil, military hardware etc), illicit trade at the borders, the unfortunate modern-day scourge of human trafficking, bribes, tax evasion and others. The big sharks can easily deposit large amounts of money in foreign banks; case in point is the $600m found in HSBC bank sometime ago.

          The amount of foreign currency that gets out of the country depends on availability and the means to smuggle it out of the country, which may not cover all illegal Nakfa acquired
          one way or the other. Therefore, some will be forced to hoard Nakfa, not because they want to, but because they are forced to do so. In addition, these corrupt officials have to keep their high living standard and the Nakfa can do the job perfectly well and they should have a lot of it available at all times. This is the amount that is going to betray them.

          You might have heard that corruption has become a big issue in Ethiopia in almost all fields, and it is creating a bottle-neck to development, and it is being discussed at a
          government level. The PM has vowed that it will be one of the things the country has to tackle during this GTP period over the coming five years, if development is going to be sustained. Corruption is the thing that keeps the third world countries in economic and developmental stagnation.

          • haileTG

            Selamat Horizon and Olana,

            If we talk about corruption or PFDJ politics in a general sense, we may be missing the point here. What is the corruption in Eritrea? Is it similar to the one faced by many third world and developing country? No it is not. It is a state sanctioned practice, it is where basic necessities of life are dependent, it is a means to make the unsustainable economic crisis sustain for some time. Recently, a relative of mine had sent hard currency to an ailing mother for treatment. All the siblings chipped in some amount and it amounts to something around $10,000. They had planned to make certain arrangements to help the day to day living of their mother, so the money isn’t really big, as there will some construction of extensions and modifications of existing premises are envisioned. The trouble is that they did all their calculations in the assumption that they will exchange it at the black market rate. If the had considered the bank rate, then they would have needed something around 40,000 USD instead. The money is already sent by someone who is there now and entered undeclared because the currently you can bring in upto 10,000 USD undeclared. We met after the recent announcement and he told me that he was glad the money is still in hard currency. And intends to wait until sufficient amount of the new currency is accumulated in the market and then will exchange in the street value. He wouldn’t even give a flying thought about changing at the bank’s rate. That is simply unthinkable to him and most people.

            Now, is the above corruption? The people are engaging in their own economic system, disregarding the regime. The regime wants a bigger pie and is playing a spoiler by creating havoc in the people’s economic system. With no need to mention names, I know a govt minister who exchanges black market in their home (I said their because I don’t want to give clue by mentioning gender, not to say ERSACHOW:)

            So, we really need to resist the temptation of generalizing with normative understandings of terms when it comes to the current objective reality in Eritrea.

            Olana, I agree controlling the rampant corruption and black market is good. But controlling it inorder to rob the people and monopolizing it is what seems to be in the offing. I doubt this whole thing will change without regime change though.

            Regards

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Hailat,

            Yes indeed the corruption in our nation is ” a state sanctioned practice…where basic necessities of life are dependent….to make the unsustainable economic crises sustain for sometime.” Look this is a nugget to make an argument against the politico-economy of PFDJ – a system that must be rooted out from its base, a system that eats the social fabric of our society, an abnormal deformed system that is outside the international norm of practice.

            regards,
            Amanuel Hidrat

          • Olana

            Dear Horizon
            I have not totally ruled out the possibility of hoarding Nakfa by some who are either naïve or have to keep Nakfa in order to continue doing business. In the Ethiopian case those corrupted officials and business people are those who are active in the black market. Even some private banks were illegally transacting in foreign currencies as it was reported in the media. To make it worse the officials in the government bank will not allow you to buy hard currency legally if you do not pay them Birr 1 or more for each dollar you get. The government knows what is happening in its banks but could not solve it and at the same time they keep saying they will fight corruption. Let’s wait and see.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Good Morning Hailat,

      These are good summary of sequential events attempted by GEO to control the circulation of Nakfa and to reverse the tides that brought to the current situation and issuance of new currency. Your speculations and your hypothesis are as good as it gets to draw the necessary picture on the fiscal crises of our nation. Could you compile and integrate together with the first one I comment on it in to an article, to make it in to the front page of awate, in order to use it as reference in the upcoming for politico-economic argument. Why are you dropping your excellent assessments piece by piece in this forum rather putting it in the front page? What is the deal to do that? Your comments sometimes are better than some articles in the front page. Your arguments have many quotable references. If you are still reluctant to do it, I hope AT will take notice and put it in the front page as necessary.

      regards,
      Amanuel Hidrat

  • Kokhob Selam

    ክቡራት እንዳ ዓዋተ :-

    ኩሉ ኣርእስትታት ኣልዒልካ ብጉዳይ ህግደፍ ዝወስዶ ስጉምትትታት ኣብ እትመያየጠሉ እዋን :- ብቀጻሊ ስነፍልጠታውን ታሪኻውን መርቶዖታት ምስ ኩሎም ክኢላታት እኹል ግዜ ጽዕር ውዒልካ እንተሓደርካ ዜርካ ዜርካ ኣብ ዕጽው መደምደምታ ኢኻ ጠጠው ትብል : ኣብ ሕግን ሕጋውነትን ዝብል ኣምር ኢኻ ትምለስ :: ጉዳይ ቁጠባ ይለዓል ንኣብነት ቁጠባዊ ምሕደራ ሰፊሕ መዳይ እዩ : ግን ነቲ ኣርእስቲ ከም ኣርእስቲ ብዙሕ ከይደኸምካ መንግስቲ ኤርትራ ሕጋዊ ድዩ ዝብል ሕቶ ምሕታትን ብቅንዕና ምምላስን የድሊ :: እቲ ጸገም እምበኣር እቲ ግሉጽነት ዘይብሉ ስርዓት ብሕጊ ስለ ዘይምራሕን ብዓቢኡ ውን ክኢላን ንጥፉን ዓቅሚ ሰብ ስለ ዘይብሉን ድክብልቅልቁ ዝወጸ ኩነታት እዩ ዝገጥሞ :: ኣብ መወዳእታ ሓልኺ ኣቅሓ ብኮንትሮባንድ ክበዝሕሕ ንሱን ባጤራ ክሓትም ሃለኽ ኢሉ ይጸንሕ እሞ :- ኣብ ዘንክልተ ዝተዶጎና ናይ ህግደፍን መንግስትን ባንክታትን ኣብ ሞንጎ ደላብ ሃብትን ዘይእሙን ስራቂ ጀነራልን ሾንከልል ዝብለ ግደል ተኻይዱ – ዘፍ ምባል ይመጽእ :: ኣብ ኩሉ መዳያት ተመሳሳሊ ፍሽለት ክረአ ይጸንሕ እሞ ኣይኮነን ዶ እቲ ግዳይ ዝጸነሕ ህዝብስ ሓንቲ መዓልቲ እቲ ስርዓት (ህግደፍ ንባዕሉ) ግዳይ ናይ ገዛእ ርእሱ ዘይሕጋውነት ኮይኑ ይነድድ ::

    ሕጊ ኢልና ንዓመታት ክንቃለስ ዝጸናሕና ኮ ነዚ ኢና :: ሕጊ ኣልቦነት እኮ ወላ ንዋንኡ እዩ ዝጎድእ : እዛ ኩላ ምስ ህግደፍ ተጸጊዓ ጸኒሓ ዳሕራይ ዋይ ዋይ እናበለት ዝተዷጎነት እኮ ዝከላኸለላ ሕግን ስርዓትን ሸለል ኢላ ክትጎዓዝ ስለ ዝመረጸት እያ ሎሚ ዝከላኸለላ ስኢና ዘላ :: እዚ ኸኣ ወላ ንኣቶ ኤስያስን ኣቶ ኣልኣሚንን ከርክበሎም እዩ :: እቲ ምንታይ ሲ ዘይሕጋዊ ኣካይዳ ዝመረጸ ዝከላኸለሉ ሕጊ የለን :: ህይወት ምርጫ እያ :: ብርግጽ እንተ ኣስተብሂልና እቶም ናይ ብሓቂ ደለይቲ ፍትሒ ጥራይ እዮም ነቶም ኣብ ማእሰርቲ ዝርከቡ መራሕቲ ነበር ዝከላኸልሎም ዘልው እምበር እቶም ምስኦም ዝስዕስዑ ዝነበሩ ኣይኮኑን : – እቲ ምንታይ ሲ ዝምድነኦም ምስ ‘ዞም ሰብ ጓይላ ሕጋዊ ስለ ዘይነበረ ::

    ሕጊ ይንገስ ምልኪ ይፍረስ!

  • Nitricc

    Hi All, the timing of changing the currency is very interesting. It is obvious Eritrea is getting billions of dollars from somebody and is pressing the re-set button. What is even more interesting is that the rules and then time line of the exchange. I am not an accountant or an economist; but reading the rules and the time line of exchanging is designed to catch people with money laundering and people who obtained money through illegal means. The question is Sudan is getting billions of dollars from the Arab country; what is Eritrea getting? One thing you never take from PIA is that he is a gamer! Financially he is strong; you got the 2%, you got the Gold, you have the EU discussion of 200 million ero, now this UEA, Saudi and Asseb thing. So, my advise to the oppositions is that scratch out the possibilities of brining down PIA through financial meltdown. It is not going to happen.
    I wonder what the Ethiopian leaders are thinking?

    • dawit

      Dear Nitricc,
      This is basically deals with safety for the Eritrean people that could happen because of high volume of currency outside the banking system. It will decrease the temptation of criminals that may rob private citizens and business people their large amount of cash outside the banking system. The second advantage is to direct business activities through the banking system instead of cash and as time progress to use electronic money using credit cards, computers and cellphone technologies. The currency instead of being horded under their mattress, it will be saved in the bank and it will be available for new loans to citizen who like to start of new businesses or buy houses or other assets. Last it may help to control inflation and distortion of the foreign exchange rate in the country. The main cause of inflation is the amount of currency in circulation relative to the quantity of goods and services in the country. Controlling the parallel exchange (Black market) could bring the exchange rate in line with the official rate. If the two rates are comparable, then citizens would not be tempted to exchange their foreign currency in the parallel market. The Diaspora remittances would be directed towards the legal exchange instead of the parallel system and the country could accumulate foreign exchange reserve. When the country gets enough foreign reserve, then it could offer traders with enough foreign exchange to import merchandize like machinery and raw materials from the rest of the world, which can allow to create local job opportunities to young Eritreans, hence curbing the temptation to immigrate to other countries. Therefore this is a positive move for Eritrea. I am no sure what effect would have on opposition groups and Ethiopian leaders, but as usual they will voice their opposition to the move. If they have been hoarding a large sum of Eritrean Nakfa, to destabilize Eritrea, then they have to rush it to Eritrean banks within two weeks time, if not it will disappear like a smoke in the air.

      • Ted

        Hi Dawit, Controlling the black market without affordable items in stores will hurt the consumers. 1 dollar worth 11 nakfa as opposed to 50 nakfa will not be enough to feed a family. In a perfect world the bank supposed to compete with black market to discourage it. What PFDJ doing is this.

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hnie2iY3dOU

        • dawit

          Well Ted, you are right whether the exchange rate is $1 for 11, 50 or 100 nakfa does not make any difference to a family. Economists talk about money price and real price. What matters for the family is how much goods and services they will get from their limited income and that depends on the purchasing power of the money they hold. Since the border war with Ethiopia, Eritrea is managing a war economy with limited foreign reserve. The government is forced to buy arms in the black market to make sure the country can defend itself from foreign aggressors.with foreign currency and of course black market prices are much higher than normal prices. Hopefully this new deal with SA and UAA will infuse some hard currency into Eritrean economy and also possibly some modern weapon to defend the country. Eritrea could afford to pay decent salaries to its civil servants and the national service participants and EDF.

          • Ted

            Hi Dawit, “The government is forced to buy arms in the black market to make sure the country can defend itself from foreign aggressors” i will forward this to the Mauritius lady in CIO or SEMG 🙂
            The purchasing power of the new nakfa will be the same as the old except they get 4 times less money from the bank for their dollar. How would you like it quadrupling the amount of money you send to your families. Any who, What would you suggest the gov do to balance things out, if ever possible.

          • dawit

            Hi Ted,
            They all know it but they have no clue how it is operated from a distance. The sophisticated accounting system of Eritrean government transactions in foreign exchange system has made it impossible to trace the movement funds and arms. They are kept to speculate from a distance. Eritrea refused to let them in and investigate and no one can force it to do so. That is why all their report has become a hearsay, based on ‘ex government official in exile’ with outdated information.
            One thing I would suggest for the government to renationalize rental housing properties and introduced a strict rent control in the country. I think that is the major source of inflation and the foreign exchange market in the country. Reduce rents to 1991 level. Personally I don’t believe there are shortages of housing in the country, but there are more houses locked and their owners live outside the country. People are bidding higher prices for the few houses available for rent. Perhaps also those rental properties are owned by some people who live outside and to receive their rental income resort in the illegal markets or black market to siphon the money outside the country.

          • Abi

            Hi dawit
            What are you saying?
            You are equating the eritrean government with mafia. “.. impossible to trace the movement of funds and arms.” Honestly and damagingly said. I hope you remove your comment before you get a call from His Excellency. Assuming you are a close confidant.
            You also said ” return rent back to 1991.” That is impossible. Those golden days of eritrea under Mama Ethiopia are gone never to return. stop this day dreaming. What is next? Bring Eritrea back to Ethiopia?
            Wait a minute! Is this the Eritrean or the Ethiopian dawit ? You confused me. Is this the ” head” or the ” tail”? It must be the tail moving side to side. As always, unable to decide.
            Waiting for your Sunday sermon.
            Take it easy.

          • dawit

            Abi, That is when the coin landed on edge (terzu) you see both faces depending where you stand. How is your Emperor de-Tona doing these day, I think I heard he is a good preacher of ‘change of regime’ Get your sermon for this Sunday from him or Pastor SGJ. Pastor dawit is on sabbatical.

          • Abi

            Gashye chewata chemrehal
            The coin is on the cliff scared to death because the lion across the river is ROARING!!
            Watch out!!!!!!!

      • Nitricc

        Hey dawit; I like your take. I have no facts or any kinds of data but for PIA to let foreign military crafts to land in Eritrean water space; he go to be paid.
        We will see but there is a plan to increase monthly salary for every citizen and electrification supposed to be on. Let see what happens. But make no mistake; If this thing is true; then Eritrea is paid to the brim.

    • T..T.

      Hi Nitricc,

      Just quick notes, can the reason for replacing the notes be:

      -that Isayas felt that the country was unable to meet its obligation under the old banknotes, 50% of which held outside Eritrea.

      -that may be some currency exchangers in the Arab Gulf countries, the Sudan, Ethiopia, and elsewhere tacitly threatened to suspend convertibility of the currency due to its expected or signs of hyper-inflationary trends.

      -that may be the leader of the country was ruling under influence (RUI) and, as a result, had allocated all power and 99% of the country’s money to his yes-men or generals. And, alarmed by the fear that the yes-men and generals can overpower him, he might have decided to systematically decline acceptance of the banknotes in their possession by limiting the exchange of the old notes to the new notes. Thus, systematically the regime is declaring the cash under the pillows in the homes of his generals valueless and not good for exchange for lack of convincing explanation as to how and why they were hold such huge cash in their homes. Can the generals defend their wrong monies by any possible means, even by arresting Isayas?

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Dear T.T,

        Good “hypothesis” to build an argument on, and I think your bullet pointed questions are beyond Nitric’s scope of knowledge on the subject as he already admitted himself. These question could be tackled by Saay, Aosman, Haile, and others who have good grip on banking, economic, and fiscal policy.

        regards,
        Amanuel Hidrat

        • dawit

          Dear Amanuel,
          This is not a rocket science. Just think about it like this, you take your old Toyota Pickup to the dealership and pick an new Toyota Pickup, same model but few add ups, like a digital radio and CD player than the old cassette player and analog radio. Your old Toyota will be destroyed by the dealer and sold for scrap metal. Do you remember Obama’s Cash for Clankers program in 2008, when you exchanged your old junk car for $4000.00 and used the money to buy a new car. There was a time limit of one month to do the exchange and you were required to bring your Title and car registration paper to exchange your junk car. That was a program designed to help American Auto industry during the Great Recession here in the USA. I hope this will explain to you every thing about Eritrean currency exchange program. Now I can’t help you what PIA is thinking but for that you can refer to the conspirator theory specialists TT or KS. I don’t think Saay and HTG will much to say on this subject. Good luck on your fishing expedition.
          Regards
          dawit

      • Nitricc

        Hi T. T.
        I don’t think you understood the mechanics of the government’s system. PIA is in a firm control. If not, the government of Eritrea supposed be under sanction; under extreme hard currency shortage; under high stress due to populic up rising and any time supposed collapse; right? Well read the language of the exchanging process and you tell me. I have already declared my ignorance on the subject but there is something called commen sense. If PIA wasn’t on a firm control then this act is of self killing. To me this shows his grip in to the situation rather than a weakness. Again I am just thinking out loud.

        • T..T.

          Hi Nitricc,

          If I got you right, are you speaking about the mechanics of Isayas’s secrecy and his rule by instilling fear and intimidation? I hope you are not attributing eternality to Isayas, calling him all powerful forever. Otherwise, you got to believe that, like most dictators, he can be overthrown or arrested any time. You remember how the untouchable Emperor Haile Selassie was dethroned in no time. So, what mechanics will save Isayas when the enraged army and people come to take out their rages on him?

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Dear Dawit,

    Kokobay was in the struggle for the self-determination of the Eritrean people inscribed in the land called Eritrea , when you were doing your private life until you are pushed out from Addis. You can’t be more Eritrean than him who gave his golden age and youth in the line of duty to the service of his people to defend the rights of our people and to foil once for all the atrocities of the derg regime. Unlike him you were saying Zeneges negusna then and now continue to do so. His history and your history has a stark difference. I am sure many of you are twisting his argument but the value of his argument will remain the quintessential for peace and stability of our nation. He knows more than any of you that there is no Eritrea as such without Asseb and the Eritrean Danakil land. Smearing your opponent is the tactics of PFDJ and at one point will surely end its currency.

    regards,
    Amanuel Hidrat

  • Dear dawit,

    Do not worry; who ever own Assab, you are among the few who are going to come out a winner. Remember you are an Ethio-Eritrean; the two faces of your special coin in your
    pocket. However you toss it, you will be a winner.
    About KS, he is a true Eritrean spirit, who stands for the interest of his people and not for himself, unlike those who oscillate between the two opposite poles. The interest of his
    people and regional peace and cooperation are the only things in his mind. To be an Eritrean is not a candy you are going to give to those whom you like, and deny those whom you don’t. He is not going to be intimidated by your “who is the true Eritrean” myth. It belongs to the past. I say this not because KS can’t defend himself, but because, unlike
    your truth, the real truth should be told.

    • Semere Andom

      Hi Horizon:
      I know what you are saying about Dawit’s two faces coin, but please do not give him that hint, he may take it literally (Gheteb and Sal, am I using literally correct:-))?
      Instead you have to tell him you cannot have it two ways, just like Eritrea is # 1 his new coin must be one face

      • dawit

        Waw Cousin SEM!,
        How did you know that that I can’t win with the two faces? Let me tell you a story, this is a special only for you how someone wins with two faces of coin. The story goes like this. Haile Sellasie and Prim Minister Aklilu was betting tossing coin. The prime minister was tossing the coin to the air and Janhoy called it ”እኛ (We)’ and the coin landed on face, and Janhoy won the first round. Then Aklilu tossed the coin again and Janhoy again called “We(እኛ) ” and this time the coin landed with tail, with the picture of the Lion, and Haile Selassie again declared he won. Aklilu argued that it was tail the lion and he must be the winner, but Janhoy argued the tail was also “እሱም እኮ እኛ ነን “, The Lion of Judah! This time Aklilu was confused and asked His Majesty when will I win? Janhoy answered was ” በጠርዙ ሲወጣ i.e. when the coin land on its edge! So you SEM, your cousin dawit was a good student of Ababa Janhoi, he will come out a winner either way, so Horizon is right dawit will win head or tail. You know SEM I had suggested to Abi to lease Assab for $1.00 a year for Ethiopia, as long as Ethiopia guarantees Peace to Eritrea! Now that was a real win-win deal. But as usual Ethiopia instead of grabbing the deal of the century, its Prime Minister.went to BBC and recited the old song “Regime Change in Eritrea” still daydreaming to exchange Bademe for Assab!

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Dear Dawit,

          Not for good politics, but you are a good debater. At least you make me laugh about the tossing of the coin and the result.

          Regards,
          Amanuel Hidrat

          • dawit

            Dear Amanuel,
            Thanks for the complement. You are also a good debater, but unfortunately you are stuck on last century ELF politics. Move on and join the 21st. Century. Accept PIA leadership and move forward. You have a good idea about the theory of Greek democracy but not a clue about present day Eritrean practical democracy
            Regards,
            dawit.

        • Semere Andom

          Cousin Dawit:
          a very nice story, but the rules of game has changed from the days baba Janhoy and AYa Aklilu were tossing coins, yo do not have that choice now. Assab is not for sale, but since you figured that IA will do that you are singing that song.

          Cousin dawit, this Assab thing for 1 is revealing.
          Where are the Sunday sermons these days?

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear Abi,

    የደርጉ መሪ በስብሰባው ማብቅያ መፍክሩን እየለቀቀው ነው ::ስዎቹም ተከትለው ይድግሙታል :-“ሰፊው ህዝብ ያቸንፋል” ይከተሉታል ” ያቸንፋል ” ” ኣናርኪስቶች በሰፊው ህዝብ ኣብዮት ይደመሰሳሉ ” ይከተሉታል ” ይደመሰሳሉ ” ” ኤርትራ ለኣረቦች ኣትሸጥም” ይከተሉታል ” ኣትሸጥም ” ብሎ ሲያበቃ ኣንዱ የዳዊት ብጤ ነጋዴ ተነስቶ “እዚህ ላይ ኣንድ ጥያቄ ኣለኝ” ይላል ቀጥል ሲባል ” ጌታየ ኤርትራ ዋጋ ካወጣች ለምን ኣትሸጥም ? ” ብሎ ኣረፈው :: ኣየ ዘመን !! ትናንት ቀልደን የሳቅንበት ሁሉ ተመልሶ ይግጠመን ?

  • PTS

    Dear HaileTG,
    I wonder if you could consolidate your posts on the currency issue and post it as full article. This is a very important issue that affects us all.

  • Abraham Hanibal

    Selam Saay,

    I miss your take on the current hot issue of the new Nakfa issuance. As someone with a good insight into the internal affairs of the regime, probably also with better understanding of economics, could you help us understand this rather unusal situation?

    Beforehand thanks

    • saay7

      Selamat Abraham:

      I am in my information-gathering stage. How is that for an excuse?:) Ok, here are some random, but I think very telling, data points.

      When the Gov of Eritrea makes announcements/codifies a law, it publishes it in the Eritrean Gazette of Laws. Of course, the Isaias Gov being the Isaias Gov, there is no consistency even on this: sometimes it publishes it, sometimes it doesn’t*. Now, for our purposes, what is most revealing is not what is inside the pages but what is on the cover: the price. How much does the Gazette sell for? If we compare apples with apples (size of the gazette is sometimes bulky and sometimes skimpy), this should give us one indication of the rate of inflation. Here goes:

      1. 1995: Proclamation on National Service. Price: 3 Birr (1 to 1 exchange, so 3 Nakfa.)
      2. 2013: Proclamation on Opening Foreign Currency Deposit. Price: 6 Nakfa.
      3. 2015: Proclamation on Legal Tender Nakfa Currency. Price: 25 Nakfa.

      So, using this as one “good or service”, we can see that inflation was 100% from 1995 to 2013 (18 years); then it jumps 416% from 2013 to 2015 (2 years.) So maybe the Gov saw Zimbabwe like inflation in the horizon?

      Nonsense says a man I greatly admire: Kibrom Dafla. He was interviewed by Assenna and, after qualifying his analysis by saying that it is hard to analyze the behavior of an opaque government that has no transparency and no law, he says the following.

      1. Inflation is caused by money supply and shortage of goods;
      2. Given that the government deliberately run an inflationary monetary policy (eg: unlike every third world country which struggles with crumbled notes, the notes in circulation in Eritrea are always new and crisp);
      3. Given that the shortage of goods are deliberate: with goods help up in ports and businesspersons denied permits to import goods
      4. Given that the currency exchange will be 1:1, unlike what happened in Zimbabwe and Sudan during hyper-inflationary times.
      5. Given that there was no need to escalate this into a big deal law; it should be a simple administrative function of a bank to retire old and re-issue new notes.

      Then, says Kibrom Tafla, this is nothing more than classic Hgdef “Shitara” so people (like our good friends Nitricc, Hope and Dawit) can say, “wow, it looks like my government is outsmarting the West and and all its enemies.”

      I am not completely persuaded by Kibrom….so, more data gathering:)

      saay

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Dear Saay,

        This is the area of your expertise and join Hailat to do the necessary expose as to the intention of the GOE and its ramification to the lives of Eritrean people in the short and long economic strategy. We will be reserved to make a political argument out of it until we get the full picture of it.

        regards,
        Amanuel Hidrat

        • saay7

          Anta Emma:

          Knshmgl zeytHadgena ? I was going to take a back seat and read the fire-fire-smelling Haile TG and A Osman to tntn it:). Maybe Sabri and GoGo can join them. Add a little ridicule from cousin iSem and a random Awet nHafashing from MaHmuday and Eritrea is #1 from Cousin Dawit, we will have a fine symphony. Shum and I are busy producing L.T.s wise words into a hip hop song. Don’t play with my animal football as I burn my Nakfa on my sides, y’all, as LT would say.

          But seriously. Running a country’s monetary and fiscal policy is so hard because it has so many moving parts that DIA said, screw it, this is too hard, I am just going to run Nakfanomics, which is equal parts of smuggling, black market, and extortion. The PFDJ supporters who give the PFDJ their dollars remind me of the Americans who give their money to televangelist who promise them a short cut to heaven while threatening them with the demise of the church unless they donate “whatever you can.”. Until that dynamic changes, not much changes. Different station, different preacher, same message.

          saay

      • dawit

        Dear Cousin Saay,
        I am glad that you wrote “I am not completely persuaded by Kibrom”. Who will buy his pseudo analysis. The only currency he has is insulting PIA and Hagos Kisha on the Eritrean Insulting market at Assena Radio. He should have waited to the explanation of Eritrean National Bank administrator reason for changing the old Nakfa with the new Nakfa. Kibrom was an accountant who was assigned to count currencies and foreign and local. He has no clue of the National Accounting System that deals with Fiscal and Monetary policies of the country, and he failed to run the Eritrean Airlines and then run away from the country. Now he blames IA and Hagos Kisha day in day out.

        • saay7

          Ha! Cousiney Dawit:

          I love how u completely bypassed the part where I say I have great respect for Kibrom Dafla:). Ok. Let me clarify. The reason I say that I am not completely sold on what he says is as it relates to one claim he made: he said this is not about dealing with hoarders because there are other ways to deal with hoarders. I think that has a lot to do with it: not just getting back currency that is no longer in circulation but engaging in PFDJs favorite activity: interrogating people where and how they got the money. Not to control criminal activity but to monopolize it. The bad part for gobye is that the hoarders are faster and they saw this coming months ago and dumped their Nakfa. Feel me now?

          Whenever in doubt, always remember what our cousin Serray said: “PFDJ has the Reverse Midas Touch: everything it touches turns to ashes.” That is Nakfanomics in a nutshell. But thank you for playing:)

          saay

          • dawit

            Cousin,
            I was interested in your last impression. First impression is always misleading. Remember even you in 1991 you might have been singing ‘UP! UP! Isaias!” and now you are shouting ‘Down! Down! Isaias!’. It is the same with my friend Kibrom Dafla! unlike your cousin dawit always ‘TsinAt ab Metkel’ like PFDJ! Nakfa goes up or down, Nikid Tray Nkidmit’

          • haileTG

            hey dawitom,

            You got to give up on PFDJ buddy. I am telling you that they are NOT smart and betting on them will always leave anyone embarrassed. Let me give you Asmarino 101 here 🙂 The exchange of old nakfa will start on Nov. 18 and the two week will end on Dec 3rd. So far so good. On Nov. 18th after 9 A.M. there will be both the old and new currency out in circulation. This means within shorter than 1hr, PFDJ shitara has fallen fallen flat in the face. The person with the new currency can go ahead and buy old currency for the rest of the morning. Go for a nice silsi with r’guO lunch at mid day and send his new merchandise (old nakfa) to the bank in the afternoon with a different person. True, this is a nice niche market for him, but not for too long. As the time goes in late Nov. more and more new currency will be in circulation and even PFDJ will help by pumping million at the end of the month for salaries and payments. That is more competition to our little Asmarino prowling the streets. But PFDJ will have to deal with verifying every person coming in those 2 weeks isn’t actually a mole for the mafiosi. That is more bureaucracy which will grind the whole process to a halt. The new currency will be as hoarded as the old one in no time. PFDJ can’t figure out a way around this because their heads hurt whenever they have to think.

            Regards

          • Fnote Selam

            Haile,

            Lols, good one, except one thing, after such a morning silsi b riugO is not going to do it, i would day a hardy fata or shehani full b bani….

          • haileTG

            Haha FS,

            እዚ’ድኣሞ ህግደፍ እንዲያ በጊዕ ናይ ልደት ክኾነልኩም ሓሪድኩም ብልዑኒ ትብል ዘላ ፡-) ዋላ ኣብ መንደፈራ ዝተፋረያ ዓሳ ጠቢሱ እንተተመስሔ፡ ኣየከራኽርን እዩ። ፌስታ እንድዩ haha

          • dawit

            Selam my Dear Hailat TG,

            The greatest female artist of Eritrea W/o TseHaitu said ‘”እንታይ እሞ ክገብር ዐድለይ ካብኮነ” .Well I am stuck with PFDJ by choice. As to the timing schedule of changing the old with the new Nakfa, they have planned their best to have smooth transactions within the limited period. Of course there may be few individuals who may be tempted to break the law, and if caught don’t blame to blame when PFDJ catch the criminals. I also expect some of the opposition radio stations might encourage crime to sabotage the smooth operation of the program.

            Regards,

            dawit

            This is what I wrote for Emma about the program in my comment

            “This is not a rocket science. Just think about it like this, you take your old Toyota Pickup to the dealership and pick an new Toyota Pickup, same model but few add ups, like a digital radio and CD player than the old cassette player and analog radio. Your old Toyota will be destroyed by the dealer and sold for scrap metal. Do you remember Obama’s Cash for Clankers program in 2008, when you exchanged your old junk car for $4000.00 and used the money to buy a new car. There was a time limit of one month to do the exchange and you were required to bring your Title and car registration paper to exchange your junk car. That was a program designed to help American Auto industry during the Great Recession here in the USA. I hope this will explain to you every thing about Eritrean currency exchange program.”

          • Semere Andom

            Hi Sal

            On behalf of Mahmuday, the son of Nakfa, I like to correct you to not call PFDJ’s economy Nakfanomics. Nakfa had a Mosque, a real one, and it ried to reach the heavens, unless it is destroyed after independence, Nakfa also has “belles”, the weather feels like Asmara
            this is Isaianomics if you want to use geography we can call it Hishkibanomics although Mahmuday will prefere to Girmaykanomics as it is close to the Sudan:-)

      • Abraham Hanibal

        Selam Saay,

        Thank you for taking your time to explain this current issue for us. As you said, it is hard to decipher the plans of the hermetically sealed regime, but with time we will get a better picture.

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear haile,
    I think I have replied to you already . I have accepted and supported your call fully.

    Okay, joke of the day for you regarding the currency.

    ሃብተ : – ኣንታ ዓርከይ ኣነስ ብቀዳማይ ኣለቅሓኒ እሊካኒ ምስ ኣበኹኻ ተካል እየ ሓዲረ:: እሞ እተን ከለቅሓካ ዝሓተትካኒ ዓሰርቲ ሽሕ ጥራይ ዘይኮነስ ክንደ ኣን ወሲኺ ክህበካ ተቀበለኒ::

    ውጹዕ :- እውእ ኣንታ እቲ ዓርክና ጀነራል እዚ ዘይበሃል ገንዘብ ሎሚ መዓልቲ ሂቡኒ :: በቃ ሕጅስ ኣየድልየንን እዩ :ኣንታ ሎሚ ድ ኣ ኩሉ ሰብ እንድዮ ናቅፋ ዝረክብ ዘሎ::
    ሃብተ : -እዞም ተካላት እምበኣር ገንዘቦም ንኻለት ሂቦም ኣብ ባንክ ምእታው ጀሚሮም ::ከም መሕብኢ ይጥቀመልኩም ኣለዎ!!
    ውጹዕ :-ኤእ ንስኻስ ደይ ከም ኣ ኢኻ ሓሲብካ ቀዲሞሙኻ እምበር::

    it looks to me the joke is going to be real those days. ህግደፍ ኣብ ሾንኮለል !

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear PFDJ supporters and weak part of opposition(reformers)

    while you are closed in your own PFDJ circle and you are dreaming to sale Asab, Asab might go to the other side leaving Eritrea to be failed state you better wake up, you may open the door Asab to be Ethiopian than to be united Amarat. start to think wisely unless you are willing destroying the nation.

    what is going on today,

    “Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn talks the BBC’s Mary Harper about his regional concerns, including the Somali-based Islamist group al-Shabab and military service in Eritrea.”http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-34744280

    • Ted

      Hi KS, “Asab might go to the other side……..failed state” is that your fantasy or genuine concern for Eritrea, just asking. Stupid weyane never deliver!!!!

      • Kokhob Selam

        Dear Ted,

        relax my friend, don’t sale Afar’s land to others. “ምብላዕ ምብልዑ ዝብኢ ዓድና ይብለዓዩ “ዝብሉ ከይመጽኹም እንድኣልና ዝበልናኩም Ha, Ha, Ha,

        but listen, why do you want to sale Asab to others, when Ethiopians are there already…Lol.
        seriously, things are really very danger when comes to this type of decision think about it and go on showing if really Eritrea will benefit by doing so. it is not wrong to debate about it if you have valuable points to convince. I will try to read it if you do so even though I don’t agree in first place PFDJ to decide anything in our nation as is illegal. No problem go ahead and show me why you are convinced to sale.

        • Ted

          Hi KS. First, Ethiopia don’t want it unless we let them twist our hand to own it. It has nothing to do with PFDJ.
          Second, sale Asab is not the right term. It is lease, if the news is ever true.
          Third, Weyane is not ዝብኢ ዓድና. May be to you, no judgement.

          Fourth, Denkelia Afar are as patriotic as yourself. Would you let Ethiopia take Assab?

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Ted,

            I didn’t say Weyane is ዝብኢ ዓድና sir, read it again. so you Ted is “የ ኣረብ ብቹላ ” now, why is that ? የኛ ኣምበሳ ዓሰብን ሽጠሽ ልትተኝ ነው ? where is abi?

          • Ted

            Hi KS, ” የኛ ኣምበሳ ዓሰብን ሽጠሽ ልትተኝ ነው ? Did Mengistu Hailemariam said that?” i would not be as much concerned if Weyane say it(what else is new) but our own KS taking side what to do with our land and water is a bit worrisome.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Ted,
            Wow! Okay this time you and PFDJ are willing to sale for higher bidder. You can continue dreaming, there is no cost for that. Let me dream higher than you do, I will work for you as broker and find higher bidder to get commission. business is business and the agreement will be forever. the buyer will be Eritrean mass and the best best price you will get is leave the nation peacefully as PFDJ had done nothing and you will be granted and spared your life. isn’t the best solution for you ! – win- win. otherwise forget about everything and get what other anti peace and development has got – death to all PFDJ killers, Eritrea is for Eritrean people. no single foreigner will go back to his country alive from Asab if he comes to buy it. Keep this post as record and remember me.

          • Ted

            Hi KS, “no single foreigner will go back to his country alive from Asab if he comes to buy” It it looks like you made the deal already with Weyane on our behalf; Assab and more for exchange them removing PFDJ you( and tes;-). “Keep this post as record and remember me” I will sir. I will see you in Assab if you happen to get Governor of Denkalia position -;)

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Ted,
            “I will see you in Assab if you happen to get Governor of Denkalia position -;)” No Sir, you will not see me at all if so happen your group sale Eritrea. you will see my beloved people governing and forgiving you for your wrong stand- that is the nature of struggle of my principle- always for love and truth.

          • Nitricc

            Hey Ted, have you watched the full Video of the ESAT people to people conference? If not watch it in full. I like what the Ethiopians are saying. However; I have suggested that Eritrea should lease the port of Asseb long time ago. And I hope the news is true. I don’t think we are capable of running the port yet. But I wouldn’t give it up for 30 years but I will go for ten or fifteen years. We need time to learn how the business is done and as well as our situation with Ethiopia. However; I agree with you that I will give port of Asseb for the Ethiopians to use it FREE! If they can show respect to my people and country. As I see it, the Ethiopians have to choices; one a peaceful way and two try force. It is up to them. The good news is the Ethiopians seems they are getting in touch with their commonsens. Of course throwing the outlier; the guard of the University of Agame.

          • Abi

            Hi General
            University of Agame is a place where the future leaders of eritrea are being groomed. Custom made. Build to suit style. Beautiful!

          • Nitricc

            Hey Abi. I don’t think you get it. Future leaders? I am sure you know that every one who leaves Eritrea is the once couldn’t cut it academically. And still the failed once score higher than your own lol. Even better question; why are educating foreigners while your own people are suffering from lack of education? It is amazing after all this that Eritreans are elite on your own country. That shows how weak and confused Ethiopoias are. Remember we fought you.

          • Abi

            Hi general
            1- we don’t consider eritreans foreigners yet . Besides, we educate eritreans so that they work with us, for us, under our superviion …like His excellency. If a college dropout accomplished this much, imagine what a college graduate can do for us. Miracles! Bring Assab on a gold plate after renovated by the arabs.
            2- I always remember you fought us. I want you to remember we loved you.
            3- majority of eritreans are educated in Mama Ethiopia.
            4- remember MIT? He is a graduate of ethiopian education system.
            5- eritreans were elites before. Now they are in a survival mode. Soon we will educate them, mold them, clean their brains , and send back to eritrea. They will be ” eshi goitay ” to ethiopians. Things are looking up!
            Take it easy.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Nitrickay,

            Aren’t you insulting your own brothers and sisters simply to make none sense argument? How do you know that they are failed academically? you are back to square one to spit on the face of your brothers and sisters. Decency matters a lot. Come on divorce from this dirty politics of PFDJ.

            Regards
            Amanuel Hidrat

        • dawit

          Dear Kokhob Selam,
          I don’t know what kind of logic you are following? Why is haram for Eritrea to lease its assets to whom ever wanted to use it? You seem worried for Afar’s territory in Eritrea? Do you know Afar land has been leased in Djibouti to France, USA, Japan and China as we speak? Do you know Afar land in Awash River Valley in Ethiopia is leased left and right to Arabs, Indians, Chinese etc. Do you know Saudi Star company has bought almost all businesses in Ethiopia, construction, mining, coffee and tea plantations, rice plantation in Gambella, transportation, Hotels, gas stations etc with their front agent Sheik Alamudi. Do you know that Afar population is starving right now, because their natural grazing land has been taken away by EPRDF government and leased away to foreigners to grow sugar cane and cotton. I think it is pure hypocrisy to blame PFDJ for something what is practice throughout the world, at least Eritrea is not starving its population and the land. You like it or not PFDJ is the internationally recognize government of Eritrea. It does not matter If X-ELF cadres or Ethiopian agents at AT recognized PFDJ or not, what matters is the Eritrean people, and they recognize PFDJ as their legitimate government, that looks after their national security interest.

          • Gebre Amha

            ደዊት ምትባል ግን ደንበኛ የቡና ቤት ወረኛ ነህ።

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear dawit,

            every country will have it’s reason to decide such maters. Ethiopia may have decided with it’s reason the first being the leasing land also will have sure representatives and local leased land administrate. say it democratic or not but sure Ethiopia will let the owners agree in different way. Ethiopian government is bold enough in allowing people of every area decide their fate. again the case is totally different Ethiopia is a nation for long time but Eritrea is in danger of loosing it’s national identity due to luck of right government. above all Afar’s of Eritrea are already fed up your system and are organized already ready to fight which you dawit will not like to see it.

            Yes, I am worried to see this happen as I am fully convinced your government will not stay one day leave Asab if war broke. Yes, I am worried to See Eritrea sold or leased what ever you call it, when in fact you are begging to eat your lunch in others countries instead of working here in Asab – the rich in resources land. so, remove PFDJ and see if Eritreans will lease Asab..let the people chose not PFDJ.

            dawit, do you say PFDJ is a government if I like or not? Okay, I don’t like it. once up on a time Eritrea was under Ethiopia and I was told Derg is my government if I like it or not. so, no problem if you are “ዝበረቐ ጽሓይና…” you will fully bow and accept the 2nd government.

            one question, I am sure you are from legal parents but I not sure if you have legal wife, are you married? if not do it legally.

  • Saleh Johar

    Hi Haile,
    I agree with you, I cannot ting a reason for this unnecessary bickering, it tend to pull others into it. I wish they listen to your advice and help the forum moderators manage healthy debates.

  • Betweded for president

    Hello AZM
    I wish & hope all countries do business all over Eritrea let alone Asseb
    Asseb will be alive again as future of Eritrea’s capital
    President Betweded’s words will become real life
    Isaias has no choice but to swallow a biiter pill has to surrender to the words of Betew

  • Semere Andom

    Dear compatrios:

    The debate of reform vs. weed out/dismatle is getting traction in light of the news about Asseb. To me the weed out vs. dismantle is semantic, the first one common with the artists like my friend Gadi the second common in the lexicon of my other friend, Emma, the technical, for him dismantle is apt because he is thinking in atoms,, endurance and the isotopes of elements and compounds that needs to be dismantled. So both deliver the result the Eritreans aspire: freedom, liberty and peace
    Enter the reform, movement lead by Mahmuday, an other friend, he abors the weeding out, dubbing it old grudge driven and futile endeavor that is not main stream, he went futher to say that dawit’s stand is even more main stream that the tired, old, grudge enduced, ELF inspired, defunct ideas emitted from the starts of darkness
    I will not encho My half Dedebitawit cousin Rahwit as I do not think he is acting like a 16 years old, put other way, I do not think that Mahmuday Saleh’s lates plug regarding EPFDJ’s rummored Asseb deal is testestrone enduced, I think he believes that PFDJ has the good will and its deals are in the best interest of Eritrea, he stll thinks it is reformable while with every passing second that conjecture is invalidated by PFDJ
    At the end of the day you make peace with your enemies not with your friends , Mandella did, Arafat did, but in both cases the enemies, White S.Africa and Israel had the best interest of their constituents, PFDJ has not constituents just like Gaddafi and and Saddam, and Id Amin. Constituents are citizens what PFDJ has are subjects, “aqettot” and it will never shy away from throwing them to the river,it will never sit down with the enmie fo their sake, jsut give one example it sat down with its enemies since 1991

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Hi Sem,

      I could live with your characterization, and if I could rephrase it as “politico-technical mind” without going to the complex chemistry of my political ideology. I love concepts and their implications and I am wedded with them for the bases of my ideas and theoretical approach of all my arguments.

      regards,
      Amanuel Hidrat

      • Semere Andom

        Merhaba Emma:
        Of course technical mind matters and solves problems.. I know you heard me saying many times that PFDJ only likes technical people (Sal is also tired of that line of mine :-)) but in this case by technical I mean the sciences as opposed to the arts, I was making the point that weed out and dismantle all bring the desired result, weeding will take PFDJ from its roots, dismantle will dismantle the PFDJ “apparatus” atom by atom so they do not function

    • Mahmud Saleh

      Ya Semere
      I up voted you because you have bribed me with your articles, otherwise, 360 degree wrong. Judging from the comments KS has penned in the past few days, TBS believes it has accomplished its limited offensive to flash out the ideas of this imposter. It was intended to get him out of his snug and cozy zone, strip him naked exposing his true colors. In 1985, when EPLF captured Baruntu, a spokesman of one of the exiled organizations rushed to still the moment, but he made a blunder by saying the following: ” Qwatuna albaHreya albaasla Qed astewlet Ala medinet Baruntu.”
      translation (exclusively for abi): Our valiant navy forces have captured the city of BARENTU.
      PROBLEM: Baruntu is closer to the border of Ethiopia than it is to the sea. But he had to lie. KS reminds me of such personalities. It is an insult to Eritrean tegadalay in general and to the gallant serawit Harner (ELA) in particular to see him posturing as the “hero” representing ELF and read his rubbish comments. Now, coming to your criticism: I’m comparing the ideas of this small group with the comments of cousin dawit, and believe me, dawit is more mature and makes PFDJ appear as the mainstream. Your “aqettot” characterization is tasteless. I trust the people who are trying everything possible to better the lives of their fellow citizens under a difficult situation more than the imposters. If you write off the bulk of Eritreans as “aqettot”, good luck my friend. There is politics, and there is vindictive restlessness. Yours seems to be the latter. The majority of Eritreans in the files of PFDJ are hard working, and goodhearted patriots.

      • Abi

        Hi Vet Mahmud
        I am honored for the exclusive translation. You know I love jokes.
        My question is how many submarines they destroyed when controlling The Port City Of Barentu?
        Thanks

      • Saleh Johar

        Hi Mahmuday and Abi,

        I thought if sharing with you the following regarding the “port of barentu” legend.

        Once I asked the late Dr. Osman Mohammed Abubaker about it. He smiled and told me the story. When a reporter asked him, he said that Barentu was taken over and in explaining the strategic importance of Barentu, he told the reporter that it’s just like a port city because it connects northern Ethiopia, central and western Eritrea and trade and commerce pass through it. The reporter who had no idea Reported the port of Barentu was captured.

        Of course, at the time the Bitter divorce between the late Sabbe and Isaias was fresh and they were scoring points against each other–that story was too juicy to let go.

        The late Dr Osman had other flaws like any human being, but he was not a dummy. He led the PLF foreign offices for many years and secured untold support for the revolution. It’s sad that a few people who could not locate Barentu on a map were making fun of him. Allah Yerhamu.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Dear Saleh,

          This story reminds me that “zeytebahle yelen zeyte-semeA Ember”. How did I miss this “juicy story” that happened in the era of the “two Hizbawi hayletat” in 1976. Thank you.

          Regards,
          Amanuel Hidrat

        • Abi

          Selam Ato Saleh
          ” Lost in Translation.”
          It is amazing how a college dropout from addis did outsmart all these seemingly wise people. At the same time Mengistu from Harar was doing the same at Arat kilo.

          • Saleh Johar

            Abi ,
            “Blessed the meek, for they shall inherit the earth” Mathew 5.5
            Quoted by Pastor Saleh 🙂

          • Abi

            Ato Saleh
            ” Tsadqan midrin yiwersalu
            BilTa bilToch yinegsalu”
            Alu qesu Saleh ,yeSahlu.

          • Saleh Johar

            Abi,
            Don’t tell me that is the translation of the Gonder bible! The Keren bible I have is in English 🙂

          • Abi

            Ha
            Talaqu metsehaf Keren yetatemew
            Beferenjigna new Tigre ayanebew
            Yekerenu qes teraraw lay yalut
            BeshiguT eko new yemiyasalmut
            YeGonderu meTaf tekefto yemitayew
            YeHibru sim lemefeleg bicha new.

        • Fnote Selam

          Saleh,

          IA and co were touting Teseney as ‘our third port’ when they were promoting warsay-yikealo after the war with eth ended…

          FS.

          • Saleh Johar

            Fnote Selam,
            I know. They promote so many ports and fortresses. But who is counting 🙂

        • Mahmud Saleh

          Dearest saleh
          If the person is Dr . Osman, then I stand corrected. Time has gone. I trust your reading of our history, otherwise, I would probably argue that it was told in the way I put it which is that is how I remember it. Thanks. I would never lower Ustaz Osman to the level of the lots my comment intended to target.

          • Saleh Johar

            Mahmuday,
            Much appreciated. That’s what I expected from you, but believe me being peers meant nothing in that feud of the revolution era. Didn’t Isaias jail his peers for years and call them traitors? They were ruthless.

            Remember what was spread about Saeed Saleh that he said, “kemti adetatna Tu en ztoqortsa, adetatkom yqqoretsa” or something like that. It circulated for years. It was not dirty politics, it was pure evil to agitate sectarian sentiments. Thank you

      • Semere Andom

        Haram Alek wed Halye Saleh:
        Vindictiveness is defined as unreasonable need to revenge. I have nothing to revenge against and even if I did, it must be halal by you as you spend years vindicating the Eritrea people, “hne ona, hne wekid dubu, hnes shiEb, hne Ad Ibrahim, etc)
        What is wrong with hne mai habar, hne Adi Abeyto, hne Aster, hne Germano. But it was not about that, I used “aqettot” in contrast to citizenship, the first disposable tool, the second has rights and say and stake in the affairs of the country. No one can blame “aqettay” for laziness
        Also you have failed to recognize when I said, “give one example it sat down with its enemies since 1991”
        I impulsively wrote 1970 then changed my mind 🙂

        You need guE berber or “halib huqqan” to make the “aqettot” tasty 😉

  • Ayneta

    Guys:
    I don’t really understand the rationale behind penning this article. Is it to underscore that Awate adopts ethics-based journalism (reporting) in the face of a potentially huge development by showing another side to the story or that Awate has understood the gravity of the speculation and thus felt obliged to fret the truth out?

    As an opposition website, I found it strange that this article came from Awate. It gives the impression that sometimes rumors that circulate against PFDJ may not be correct, thus the ruling party may actually not be on the wrong side of a story and that sometimes the party in fact may be negatively labeled for something it never intended to do. Given the very purpose of Awate in particular and the opposition in general, this article doesn’t serve the common cause and thus is self-defeating. I am not saying truth should not be told, but as an opposition group, Awate could have done either of the following:
    1. Be quite. Even of the team feels the rumors being pedaled may not be true, it should have remained silent and never given PJDF the benefit of the doubt. Let the ruling party worry about the inconclusiveness of the rumor.

    2. Wait in patience. Again, If the team felt that the rumor lacks integrity, it should have waited until some concrete refuting (or otherwise) evidence comes out. We all know PFDJ runs things like a crazy dog and I would not be surprised at all if the ruling party in fact allowed the Saudis and UAE to use Assab against the Houthis or contributed troops to that effect. What if the rumor turns out to be true? How would Awate rectify its report? By trying to downplay the value of the rumour, Awate has put its feet in its mouth.

    • Nitricc

      Hi Ayneta. You can’t have it both ways. And Yes, you are saying the truth should not be told. Awate.com might be an opposition to the to the gevernment of Eritrea but they can not be the opposition of the truth. If any of going to conceal the truth becouse it is out side of our poletical believe and against for what stand for. In fact, the major reason the opposition unable to a thing against the Eritrean government is the same reason what you are advocating for. You can not insult the intellegence of the silent majority and wonder why they are silent. It is fine to be an opposition but as honest opposition; tell me the ugly, tell me the bad, tell me the good and tell me THE TRUTH!!!!!
      So, as reasonable person as you are, on this one you failed to live up to your standard.

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear Mahmuday,

    ጉዳይ ምሻጥን ምክራይን ዓሰብ ሓቅነቱ ዘይተረጋገጸ እንከሎ ገና ገለ ተበለጽቲ ትወስድዎ ዘለኹም መርገጽ ወላ ‘ውን በታ ኣይትብላዕ ኣይትስተ ጉጅለ ኣብ ትዕዝብቲ ዘውድ ቀኩም ናይ ተስፋ ኣልቦ ድኹማት መርገጽ እዩ :: እዚ ማለት ከኣ መንግስቱ ኃይለ ማርያም ዝበሎ ዘዘክር እዩ “ኤርትራን ቆርጠው ለኣረቦች ለመሸጥ የተነሱ ወንበዴዎች ” ያኢ ኤርትራ ቅጫ ተረኺባስ ካን ቁርጽ !! ጀግና ወዲ ሃገር ‘ሲ እምበኣር እዚኣ እያ ኢዱ ?

    ንምዃኑ ብዘይብኡ ደቂ ደንከልያ ሕጉሳት ድዮም ዘለዎ ? እሞ መሬት ሸይጥካ ድኣ ናበይ ጉንብሕ ጉንብሕ !! ኣንታ ህግደፍሲ እኳ ኣብ ዓቅሊ ጽበት ጥሒሎም:- እንታይ ክምዝገብሩ ‘ውን ጠፊእዎም ኣለው ንበል :: እቶም ኣብ ኣቶኪርካ ምጥማት ዕድል ዘለኩም ሰባት ሲ እቲ ታሪኽ ደቂ ዓፋር ትፈልጥዎ ዲኹም ? በመሰረቱ ቅድሚ ሰውራ ምጅማሩ ብዘይቲ ኣብ ሰውራ ዝነበሮም ተሳታፍነት ኣንጻር መግዛእቲ ጸዓዱ ምጥርናፍ ክሳብ ኣዋሽ ኢትዮጵያ ዝበጽሕ ቤሄሮምን ከምዘሎ ትፈልጡ ዶ ? ትማሊ ‘ኳ ትማሊ ጀግና ዑስማን ሳልሕ ሳበ ኣብ ሒርጊጎ ከምህር እንከሎ ጢዖ ቀንዲ መንበሪት ፈታውራሪ ያሲን ምሕመዳ ክምዝነበረትን ምስ መንግስቲ ኢትዮጵያን ኣንድነታውያንን ዝጎጀለሉ ቀንዲ ምኽንያት ድማ ነቲ ኩሉ ዓፋር ዝበሃል ህዝቢ ኣብ ሓደ ምሕደራ ንምጥርናፍ ምዃኑ ዶ ትፈልጡ ? እዚ ኮ ኸኣ ነቲ ብሄር ዘመክሕን ዘሐብንን ዛንትኡ እዩ :: ቅድሚኡ ‘ውን እኮ ዓበይቲ ፍጻሜታት – ዝናን ሞገስን ዝተመዝገበሉ ታሪኽ ኣለዎ እዩ :: ብበዓል ዓሊ ሚራህ ቢተወደድ ተባሂሉ ዝፍለጥ መራሕ ውን እኮ ዘይሃስስ ዛንታት ኣሎ እዩ :: እዚ ማለት ከኣ ንወለዶታት ስምብራት ዝገደፈ ሓደ ቅርጻ ዝሓዘ ኣረያእያ ዓፋርነት ኣሎ ማለት እዩ :: ኣብ ግዜ ሰውራ ተዳኺሙን ተዶጊሉን ‘ኳ እንተጸነሐ እዚ ናይ ዞም ንዑቃት ጉጅለ ስልጣን ምስ ሓዘ ፈኸም እናበለ ተበጊሱ እዩ :: እሞ ንምሉእነት እዛ ሃገር ዝግደስ ዝኾነ ሓላፍነታዊ ዜጋ ከመይ ገይሩ ብልቦና ክሕዞ ይግባእ ? ዓሰብ ብምሻጥ ? እዞም ደቂ ዓፋር ካን ዶ ብዞም ዝቆንቆኑ ኣረጊት ኣተሓሳስባ ዘለዎም መራሕቲ ህግደፍ ተንበርክኾም ሃገሮም መጻወቲት ዓረብ ክትውን ይፈቅዱ ይመስለኩም ?

    ኣይፋል! ኤርትራውነት ዓፋር ብብራኼን ምርቃን ህዝቢ ዓፋር ድኣ እምበር ብኣኻን ክንዲ ከማኻን ዝውሰን ኣይኮነን ::

    ስለዚ ሓላፍነት ይሰማዕኩም ቅንጣብ መሬት ሃገር ምሻጥ ማለት ብዓንደ ርእሱ ሃገርነት ኤርትራ ክብርዕን ደይ መደይ ኢልካ ምብጋስ እዩ::

    • tes

      Dear Kokhob Selam,

      First: Haha, why then you are crying (crocodile tears) as it the Afar people are the sole owners of the fate of Assab? I know you are one sided (habeshanism) and indeed it is none of your business to talk on the Afar people’s issue. This is your typical ethnic based governing system.

      Second: when challenged, why you escape and handle the issue to others? Mahmud challenged you and then you escaped as if the issue is of Afar people. This is failure.

      Third: As I can read you closely, you are more comfortable with ethnic based state formation. Good catch!

      Let me tell you this: chauvinists like Mahmud Saleh have negligible resistance and are so delighted and feel satisfied when they challenge and crush for those who promote ethnic/regional based state formation advocators. They are heavily armed with their marxist-maoist-Issaiasist ideologies to over-come any kind of argument.

      tes

      • Kokhob Selam

        Dear tes,

        Haha! you must be enjoying the argument. but hey, it is cease fire don’t fan now..Lol.

        instead, do you have good experience the cyber software war? how do you deal with that spy software? although I have very strong anti virus, and I have some knowledge fighting the spy, but now the spy is so strong it is affecting deep my system. deceptive lines are pulling me. I had been safe always but this time the system is fighting against the spy and of course the system all the way may go garbage to death instead of opening my personal information or worst may give other’s information.

        take care please, in opening the links I am providing here, don’t open if you think you don’t have good anti virus.

        other things are like this one, type Kokhob Selam in google and check if you can find Sciweavers but written beside awate gazette in Arabic. I know the Sciweavers site is for education and research site but when you press the link it will take you to http://www.i2arabic.com/newspapers/eritrea/awate and here my anti spy system takes action to stop it, before I use to get who try what on me, but today I couldn’t because it is blocking it. since I start giving my view on Asab, things in my system are not OKAY. Just in case things go worst I may not be able to communicate. so far all virus are detected and blocked.

  • Mahmud Saleh

    Selam deqi Ere (abnae Eretreya aljemeela)

    I invite you to the following song of Yemane G/Michael is relevant with the topic of this article.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VqJnsx26s54

    • dawit

      Selam Muhmud,
      Thanks for posting the Eritrean Classic song that motivated tens of thousands Eritrean youth to join their Ghedli to liberate their country. The Pearl of the Red Sea Massawa and Assab which I call ‘The Queen of the Red Sea’ are great Eritrean assists. Eritrea is in the right truck to use its ‘Queen’, in this present days game of politics in the Horn of Africa and the Red Sea Basin. Ethiopians were advocating to use their Nile river resource which I support and Eritrea also should use its Red Sea and land resources to develop its economy. Those who are crying to separate Eritrean Dankalia, population from the rest are playing cheap politics. Eritrean Afars were colonized, suffered and liberated the country with the rest Eritrean population, and their national rights can not bee seen separately from the rest of Eritreans. As Tegadelti from Dankalia died in Barka and Kebesa, the same happened Tigadalti from other regions who have died in Dankalia to liberate Eritrea. There is no way anyone can separate those bloods sacrifices. What belongs to Dankalia also belongs to Eritrea, and what belongs to Eritrea belongs to Dankalia. Together Eritreans 99.96% voted for Eritrea.

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Cousin dawitom
        I can tell you sir that your comments make PFDJ more mainstream than the vociferous fringes of the opposition. It’s sad that the opposition is generalized in the likes of people like Kohkob Tselam and HA, frankly, people who have yet to separate themselves from the umbrella giving them shade and protection; an umbrella for whose protection and promotion they seem to have given 100% of their time and devotion. Yes, Eritreans are facing trying times, but believe me, we should never settle for a worse than what we have.

        • Kokhob Selam

          Dear Mahmuday,
          after reading his massage and your post I couldn’t stop laughing. you are cornered and you are loosing all. PFDJ will throw you and of course all opposition. So what about respecting Kokhob Tselam because your unconscious wrote Kokhob Tselam delighting Selam which is the star in darkness…Lol. I love this one. Kokhob should shine in darkness. what will it be the importance of Kokhob when the sun is there.

          by the way you are not facing people like Hayata. When you deal with me you better think twice.

        • Rahwa T

          Dear Mahmud,

          In your last message, you criticized me for luck of decency in my question to you. You were right to some extent and I accepted my mistake although it was partly because I was not a good writer as you are. But you should remember that the way you write you message also provoke readers to react. For instance, your recent argument are mostly weak, you are acting as if you were in your first days of joining the EPLF at Sahl over 40 years ago. It is really difficult to tell if your comments coming are from “a sixteen- or sixty -years -“young”- ex-rebel”.

          ዓቢ ሓው ማሕሙድ ወዲ ፩፮ ዲኻ ወዲ ፮ ዋላ ዋላ ምፍላይ ኣሸጊሩና፥፥

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Rahwa T,
            whatever someone masters, if he is not doing it from his honest self for honest case he will be seen falling apart. with the knowledge and experience he has, if he could been honest with himself you could have seen him grown in your eye. Honesty is first and knowledge should serve honesty. I think I have written about the late Dr.Haile Fida of Derg era. he lost his life in wrong side serving Derg although he was the most smartest guy I have known in Horn politics armed with great knowledge. but people like Mahmuday are even worst as they never do things practically as they are very selfish.

          • Abi

            Hi Kokobe
            I have a solution .
            Kokob Tselam comment at night, while Mahmuday comment day time. That will give you a cool off time.
            Problem solved!

            Mahmuday beqen, Kokob bechelema
            “Selam” negese Awate ketema.

            Why don’t you give us a nice heart worming song preferably by Tilahun. Less saxophone is a plas for music challenged people.
            Take it easy.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Abi,
            you are caught today.
            so you make peace with me today. once upon a time you said I am slave of Arabs. I was disappointed. now, do you notice I am not slave of Arabs? Lol. see, what the genuine star stands? Hey, we don’t sale for coffee dollar and petrodollar. Ha ha ha.

            my friend regarding the solution, I have a problem! in day time the sun is there also and you know the sun a star isn’t it? Ha, Ha. search for some other solution with poem.

          • Abi

            Hi Kokobe
            Kokoboch bibezu tsehay lay aydersum
            Selam lemasfen gin aytenanesum.

            Mahmud jegna new netsanet Tebaqi
            Kokobe biruh new mishitun admaqi
            Huletu yismamu selamachin yisfa
            Saleh yizfenlin saxphonun yinfa
            dawitim yizemir afu eskisefa
            Hayatim timeles libe kemiTefa.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Hi Abi,

            I hope Saleh is reading this.

            ሳክስፎኑን ሲነፋው ታየኝ –
            ሓያትም ና በጣም ናፈቀችኝ :-
            ምን ነው ላንድ ኣፍታ ብቅ ብትልልኝ :-

          • Abi

            Hi Kokobe
            Saleh dekakmewal tewachew yirefu
            Aderubet eko sinefu, sinefu
            Egnam adameTin esachew sinefu
            Afqariwun jigna ayinkachew kifu
            Kemuziqa Hulu SaxPhone yiwedalu
            Eqf argew yizew way, way yasblalu
            Endatmeremir yet endetemarut
            BeQechinu shibo hulun yeqesemut.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Hi Abo,

            ኣንተ ኣረ ተው ግፈኛ !!! ኣሁን ትግሬዎች ኣይገባቸውም ብለህ ነው ?

          • Saleh Johar

            Abi,
            Okay, expect a response for this jab 🙂

          • Abi

            Selam Ato saleh yelelit zebegna
            Neger kemeshereb ansenfim egna
            Kewegebe betach ayimtugn adera
            Endaldenaqef zeren endalzera.

          • Kokhob Selam
          • Mahmud Saleh

            Dearest Rahwa
            Thanks for understanding and heeding my small correction. Dear Rahwa, as far as your question is concerned, it all depends on who is reading it. For a 20 years old, it will feel twentish, and for a 60 years old, sixtish.

    • Ted

      Hi the greatest Ms. Thank you. You have to give it to the decent singers of Ethiopia for not making a fool of themselves singing about Assab and Massawa;-)
      As head of TBS i request to look into the current geo-political development related to Eritrea waters/ports. As awful as it looks , i think a better time of peace and tolerance is coming to Muslim world. As the war in Syria and iraq get protracted to include major players in the world, it became obvious(no more underhandedness) where countries stand and how much they willing push to enforce/defend their interest. Politics and religion is a bad mix. Soudis, self declared defenders of Islam, use this “religious purity” in their politics for only reason to keep the monarchy afloat. They did great harm not only to their own people with oppressive way of life but also to all Muslim world exporting hate and extremism in the name of pure ISLAM. Their deceit start to unravel when their destructive involvement in muslim world as the chaos they created become apparent for all . It is even getting harder by the day to reconcile their hypocrisy ;the alliance with the “Islamophobic US/Israel” and as defender of the islamic way of life for muslim world. The future is not as used to be in the politics of the world ( did IA said that ? 😉 it is true though. Strangely, religious/political affiliation, in most part, are now well aligned with the re emerging of the new cold war of Russia-IRan /US-Saudi confrontation. Iran, the other major player, has asserted itself in forceful way after enduring decades long sanction planned to cripple it. Unlike tes and Semere Andomes likes, the brave people of Iran, by in large, didn’t hold their Gov responsible for sanction related economic coercion, nor want re approachment with the west as way out at the expense of their political independence and sovereignty. They .as well, use religion in their political structure. Their kind of politics/religion mix is mainly designed around in protecting their system and country from infiltration and interference by the West . It is understandable and it is by choice that they made religious based political governance for the fact the history of Iran and their recent past indicate them as civilized society that is well equipped and versed to embrace the way of governance without full influence of religion. In the whole scheme of things, It is my understanding, Eritrean gov is not a fond of the Saudi gov not because they are US allies but the way they try to influence politics in Eritrea and the Horn. The Current rumored Eritrea/Arab relation is the alliance of Geo-political convenience, mostly Geo, where Eritrea is sucked into due to Eritrea’s unfavourable positioning in the big powers politics. If the war in Yemen prolonged, it is clear they will need more and more Eritrea’s logistic assistance on their war on Huthies. That is bad deal for Eritreans in many levels. First, in the messy tribal war of Yemen, the Houthis are not all bad(shut your mouth IA) and most importantly the war on Yemen revolves around the interest of Saudis(not Yemenis) and their paranoid tendencies towards Iran which even make it unfavourable towards Eritrea’s interest considering Iran becoming confrontational and things are naturally unfolding in their favour after decades of absence in the political scene. What a poor country Eritrea got to do in this temeliciose world in a temerliciose zone. Eritreans involvement needs TBS real assessment.

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Selam the great
        Your analysis is solid. It’s multilayered and a bit complex. It will need a Hateta that I’m afraid have no time for it, but I agree with most points. I may try to clarify my original entry regarding this matter. That will be when Emma goes to bed because he is allergic to TBS.

        • Abi

          Hi Vet Mahmud
          What is TBS for an outside observer?
          It is Truth Bound Sosciety ” if you are twentish.
          It means ” To Be Suspicious ” if you are Sixtish.
          It can also means ” To Be Suspended ” if you are in between .

        • sara

          Dear Mr. saleh
          I have good news for you, it is inside information from some one who is on the know at awate, but do not tell any one until they announce it… they are developing a special software similar to Mail-wise that will work for news columns and commentaries. imagine if this was available today (yesterday)how many commentaries would have gone to the trash and have saved the space for useful commentaries and by extension make the life of the moderator easy.
          well,just be patient/easy until awate comes with what they are doing at their lab.
          Good day

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Hey Mahmuday,

          That still is not good. It will still be there for the next morning. It only build the unnecessary walls and self-classifications. You could do it by email with them if you are still in love with the phrase that hasn’t the test tools to check its validity . What we need from you is your view and your Hateta. That is all.

          regards,
          Amanuel Hidrat

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Dear emma
            With love from TBS. Names are just names, they are what they feel or sound good to their beholders. For instance, your name is Emanuel. That means ” God is with us, ” in Hebrew. There can’t be more self-righteous than it. Because we know God is everywhere and with every creation. But do I have to take it as self-aggrandizement? No . You have every right to name yourself, your views, articles, ideologies, etc. I take them as nothing but as self-chosen catchy names. PFDJ, EDA, ENCDC, etc. , they are all nothing that glamorous names. We take each of them according to their substance and action. Therefore, TBS believes that your annoyance is unfounded. TBS is what TBS believes to be, and will continue serving TBS constituencies without venturing outside TBS guidelines, and always true to its TBS practice of presenting what TBS believes to be true as per TBS standard of analysis. …
            Sorry, ema, it’s weekend. Loosen up.

      • tes

        Dear Ted,

        Too much nagging.

        tes

    • Nitricc

      Mahmuday here is Yemane’s greatest contribution to my life. Whenever I feel to compline then I watch this

      http://youtu.be/HcLKHJ7cdGU

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Selam Nitrickay
        Thank you, this is one of the songs that causes me to have goosebumps. I’m away for the evening not to reciprocate your act, and I’m not good copying and loading with this stupid phone. My little buddy showed me one day but I will have to ask him again.

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear Mahmuday,
      RIP Yemane. He was the great (I mean real great – not as some call you here). now, do you think Yemane will agree with you to sale Assab? even he will not imagine some one from Eritrea will sale live alone Mahmuday. it is better he is not around to see your posts here – let the unlucky people read it.

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam Hope,

    The Eritrean Afar aka as Danakil who organized as afar to address their marginalization are more Eritrean than you think yourself as an Eritrean. Converse with them and other Eritrean Ethnics to understand their grievances. Eritreans ( you and like you) do not listen to their grievances or to others of similar political uptake. You guys want to determine their fate at the center of PFDJ interest. We (Eritreans) will not resolve our current predicament without listening each other. Ethiopia has nothing to do with our differences that you keep out crying in every comment like PFDJ lots to defend their interest. It is in fact our confrontational nature with each other that we couldn’t get a peaceful engagement of give and take to resolve our differences. Politics is not about dictation but it is about the art of compromise.

    Despising your own people because they are organized for their own identity or social group interest doesn’t help Eritrea and Eritrean people. Your comment is hurting them because they are not organized in your political image. So disengage for certain period of time, and revisit what you are saying about our social groups. Don’t forget the current Eritrean realities is a fertile ground for continuous dictatorship unless it is not abated early on, before we are condemned for another dictator….a dictator that goes indirectly for the extinction of certain social groups of our rainbow. Defend the right of your social group before you defend any kind of regime installed in Eritrea.

    regards,
    Amanuel Hidrat

    • Mahmud Saleh

      Kboor Ato/gedeem tegadalay, Haw…Emma

      Hope said, ” Aseb belongs to Eritra and the Afari in Eritrea belong to Eritrea and as such they are Eritreans like the Afari in Ethiopia and Dijbouti are Ethiopians and Dijboutitians respectively!” He is absolutely right. The issue of social justice is alive, but Afars are telling you they are Eritreans, and as such, their territory is Eritrean. As long as the old and archaic opposition organization KS wants to present as an alternate are comfortably sleeping under the watch of the Ethiopian regime, as long as people like Ibrahim Haroon keep carrying out Ethiopian assignments, the people of Afar will reject them. And they did reject them. It’s amazing how you guys tout Assab to please the Ethiopians but when other deals appear or are rumored things go awry in your face. The proud people of Dankalia need no patronizing. They know where their interest lies. And yes, Assab is an Eritrean territory, and the current regime is the sole government international entities can make transactions with. You and I may wish things have been different, but that’s the fact on ground, until the project of dismantlement materializes.
      Speaking of dismantlement, the obsolete politics and organizations you present as agents of dismantlement of PFDJ have been eroding. Their wrong assumption of depending on Ethiopian might and action made them irrelevant. Their grudge, vengeance and score-settling policies have eaten them from inside-out. Basically, the paradigm has shifted. Now new waves are coming and new faces are appearing. I’m hopeful, these grassroots movements will not be stolen. There is hope that the right track has finally been found. The current community based activities are more Eritrea specific, and they have more appeal to Eritreans inside the country than the organization which located to Addis, and have since been active on self-deprecations leading to their possible dismantlement before they dismantle the regime in Asmara.

      • Kokhob Selam

        Dear Mahmuday,

        Amanuel start discussing the idea without mentioning your name and all the blames you should get and in fact he didn’t mention even Kokhob at all. when you and people like you are going to clean the software installed in your mind by that old and useless EPLF leadership. when are you going to stop killing people and their dignity? now, are you sure of what you describe about Kokhob? what if I assure I am more practical and modern than you? what if I am totally a fighter when you are sleeping now in comfortable place? you better stop my friend and come talking about ideas. I know you are facing problem now those days and I have been telling you from the beginning that you can’t serve the devil and God at the same time. and yes, slowly you got to have stand which you are trapped in today. you can’t cheat people forever my friend. If that is possible who will be better than those who are practically with PFDJ right inside Eritrea ..like Ahferom Tewelde and Zemehret? you, you who is taking care of his life comfortable life? Lol.

        coming to the core subject, nationalism is artificial Mahmuday. people create the nation when they find it necessary. don’t sale Denkel to others as there are owners was my statement. is it wrong ?
        in first place PFDJ is not suppose to administrate Eritrea . it was due to people like you PFDJ is in power you know that. again you are allowing them to sale part of the nation. Mahmuday, PFDJ are there in Asmara and the hero is not far from them…they will face each other. you and your kinds are hiding on those countries and are making the group crazy. why you are not feeling the suffering of people. Mahmuday, will you come with your children to defend if Afars start the war properly to separate .Denkelia? what will you do today if they will chose to join Ethiopia and destroy your group over their? will you come and fight? I challenge you, you will not. My advice is take care of your children and come when democratic Eritrea will be materialized by heroes and keep quite my friend.

        • Mahmud Saleh

          Ato Kokhob Tselam
          ኣድግስ እንታይ በለት በሉዋ? “ክንደይ ዓቐብ ዘይጠረጥና።”
          My friend Good luck with your bravado. I know what it takes to dismantle a system, and I don’t see it in you. You keep repeating how important a man you are. I don’t really care who you are, but it is a telling character that you have not come out to tell us who you are, remember how many times you promised. That’s the easiest part my friend. Just do that as a first step. Second, I never said I would fight. You know I am against war. I have completed the mission I set for, that should be it. I DON’T brag as if I am an important person either. My priority are my kids, period. But I have every right to express my views. Now, where are you? Meqele? That the problem my friend from Oslo, Norway. As long as you are masking yourself under a pseudoname, you have no right to comment who is hero and who is zero. Take care.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Mahmuday,

            you said “I don’t see it in you. You keep repeating how important a man you are.” see If I want to show you I am important I could have done it earlier with my real name and picture. tell me now why someone has to say I am important? to get fame etc. isn’t it? so what fame will someone get while he is not exposed and seen? tell me, what stratification will I get?

            that is the problem. you should not mention and describe people as you want as you like. you see now, I am not in Norway I just put it once up on a time when it was important to do so and I was around. I will change it for you as it is not important now. you see, you don’t come out when it doesn’t serve you and your people. if I am in Norway sending massages from this stupid box, I could have come out.. but I only move to other democratic nations when I have a mission. I don’t fight to show my heroism, I don’t right my poems to show how I am expert (sometime people use it and ask me to use it and of course my answer is it is yours and use it). see, you could have seen my picture and even seen me in ER-TV to “serve the truth” or somewhere in opposition sites. believe me I was around assena, wegahta, etc if my job was over and I am allowed to be seen, I could have done it. who don’t want to see his name highly respected and admired except in real tegadelty who are leading me – they spend their life paying everything, everything they have without announcing anything…. blame my party. but since I am near to expire ( not due to edge but due to hard struggle against PFDJ) and I have completed my mission as person in both personal and national things, I am doing all my best to come out as promised Mahmuday, now forget about me. call me what ever you want. think if I am not alive person for now. just think about what me and my principle is.

            now, if you are really for change and you are free PFDJ mind you will not defend what PFDJ is doing and I have seen you always against those ELF fighters. I am sorry but those poor fighters who were killed in Sudan are in shoulders of EPLF leadership including those in prison. why you are not kind to someone who could have done the same crime but is not his principle to do it and has lost his life instead? Why are heroes forgotten by you guys? this makes me change my stand on peace. I saw some people who admire the killer and fallow the killer and most of them are PFDJ supporters. they should not be respected till they understand what respect is. are you one of them? for sure if you continue talking against those who had ethics and die for it, you will be categorized the same.

            Mahmuday, if you read the above read it once. but read the bellow one and keep it in your memory, the subject of Denkelia is not easy. the story is more than you think..Afar case should be handled carefully. I will right about it in Tigrinya soon.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Haw Mahmuday,

        You know me that I don’t care who will dismantle the apparatus of oppression, be it from inside or the oppositions, or from both sides, or external force. I want our people to be liberated from the nightmare they are living. So I advocate for the dismantlement of the system period. So don’t squeeze from my comment to find something for your criticism. I wish you and your likes were the alternative of the opposition. Mahmuday until you become the true alternative to the opposition, your criticism doesn’t add up to any amount. You know and I know that the opposition are so far failed to be an alternative to the regime, and you consider yourself as part of the opposition camp as I do. I know the reality of the opposition better than you do . Their problem is the reflection of our society and that is “trust-deficit”. I will see you how you challenge the trust-deficit of Eritrean society.

        Second, you, Hope, and others are criticizing our social groups to organize in the way they are organized to fight for equitable sharing and avoid the politics of marginalization. Check all your comment and hope’s comment for years in this forum. You don’t have any alternative to address their issues. Your motto so far is directed against one man “Issayas Afeworki” as if he is the only man who is culprit of all our predicament…..all misleading to the Eritrean public. I am on record that the system must be dismantled otherwise the current reality and the constitution you are advocating are the fertile ground for more dictators. Count my words.

        Regards,
        Amanuel Hidrat

        • Mahmud Saleh

          Selam Brother
          I know all your position, some I don’t agree with some I support wholeheartedly. My comment was to bring (something that you know) a problem that has been creeping up and which has reached a point where a head-on and frank conversation is needed. The democratic Eritrea you are fighting to see does not exist in the views of those factions you mentioned, period. They have become more of a liability than a contributing factor to a solution. You better reframe your social critiquing in a way it does not get marred by their track records. They have been instruments of Wayane, and thus why they have been rejected by the great people of Dankalia, Kunama, and Saho. HaileTG or AH care more for those communities than the Kernelios and Haroons. There are certainly a great number of those communities within the opposition who oppose their mission of fragmenting Eritrea. I wanted you to understand Hope’s comment within that. This is my last comment on line with you regarding this matter, because I know how passionate and gentle you are in real life.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Mahmuday,
            you need to reform your mind now. you are no where and people are much smarter than you.

    • Abraham Hanibal

      Selam Amanuel H,

      I like this statement of yours; “Politics is not about dictation but it is about the art of compromise.”,and I really hope you would share this idea with your friend Kokhob Selam; because he is really consumed by vengeance and irreconcilable approach.

      • Kokhob Selam

        Dear Abrahm,
        I think I have said it earlier to you that I don’t buy that reconciliation thing when comes to PFDJ. it might be a bit unique stand here. But it is common on most of my comrades. there is nothing to reconcile with PFDJ, absolutely as far as I know. if you think there is, go ahead and try it. No problem at all. all we need is peace. people take stand from their experience and their elders experience – I have taken stand and when you take stand you will have your style. my way is PFDJ should be removed by force after letting the people understand all the problems so not to let people kill each other. the bloody group must be thrown by force and even PFDJ is honest on that. they never call for reconciliation or reform or anything that shows peaceful solution.

  • L.T

    I do not why you are worried about NKF?You ‘ve no Nakfa and you’ve never even been in Ertra.It is I who can become anxious about this becouse I have plenty of Nakfa I worked hard for,I would definitely spoil myself with them when I’m in Ertra,what should otherwise I do with them?Do you wear at work to give then away to Ethiopia and live on “Kicha Ater or noodles instead?”It’s actually rather tragic to lose many millions Nakfa at once like me..I’m not ridiulous and follish than angry and judgment.I planned a long time to build the house and fix a firm…
    My Nakfa
    spreading like a smoke
    Ahoo.. ..my Nakfa
    self,I get headaches/migraines
    and severe nausea
    now change my camel Nakfa
    to get from Barka..
    My Nakfa
    while your dollars
    is
    in under your mattress..

    • Semere Andom

      Hi L.T and all;

      I have translated L.T’s master piece to Tigriniya for the benefits of all of us 😉

      ንኣድጊ ዘይ ከበዶስ ንምጽዓን፤ እንታይ ገደሰኩም ብዛዕባ ናቕፋ ልዋም ትስእኑ፡ እርትራ እኳ ክይድርኩም ዝይትፈልጡ

      እነ እየ ክጭነቅ ዘለኒ ብዛዕባ ናቅፋ ምኽንያቱ ሽቂለ ሸቃቂለ፣ ሽቂጠ ሸቃቂጥ ዘጥረኽዎ ብርክት ዝብለ ስልዘለኒ. ብርግጽ ድማ ፋዕ ክብለሉ እየ፡ ክምተን ንመርዕተይ ዝገዛእኩላ 1000 ግራም ጎባጉብ ዶ ክስለሞ ኮይነ፣፡ ወድ ድማ ንዎያነ ክህቦም ኮይነ፡ ከብደይ ሓምልን ቅጫ ዓተርን እንዳ መሌ፤፤

      ዓሻ ዶ በራኺ?

      አንጊሀ ጢሻይን ሕርሻይን ክምስርትይ ዘበን እኒ እኒ ሕምባሻ ኮሎ እቲ እምኒ እየ ወሲነ

      እተን ናቅፋ ክም ትኪ ከይ በነና

      እዋይ ንቅፋይ፤ ናታይ ፡ ናይ ሓላለይ

      ምርዘነአይ፡ አይተላዕሉለይ

      ልበይ ድማ ዕግርግር ሸለውለልው

      ሱቢቶ ገመላይ ናቅፋ

      ስማ ንባርካ ቀይራ

      ኦኦኦኦ! ናቕፋ፣ ናቅፋ

      ክሓቅፋ

      ንስኻትኩም

      ዶላርኩም ሒዝኩሞ ንመቅብርኩም

      ንቅፋይ ትኹን ስምኪ ባርካይ

      ሓድሽ ጥምቀት፣ከም ትኪ ከይ በነነት

      • Saleh Johar

        Semere,
        It is brilliant, talk about lost in translation, this is found in translation. Okay, meli’ka tsdeq, can you now translate for us the communique of AMMAN’s party which he posted yesterday? Please do.

    • Shum

      Selam L.T.,

      Great post brother. You have the best rap lyrics I’ve seen on this side of Mereb. “My Nakfa, spreading like a smoke” man my sides were hurting laughing so hard. You’re one of my favorite posters on here. I don’t care what you say, the way you say them is poetic.

  • AOsman

    Dear Awatista,

    Some of you may not be aware of the news that the government has announced that it will be replacing the current Nacfa currency with new notes. Through EriTV they have explained the process they plan to follow, which sounds radical and it will cause a lot of problems. I watched the news clip yesterday, from memory once they publish the regulation and it becomes effective the public have 4 or 6 weeks to deposit the notes in hand to one of the Commercial Banks (it states that they will have to account how they earned the money), after the 4 to 6 weeks the depositing will be limited to only 20,000 Nacfa. The withdrawal is also limited to 20,000 Nacfa….something weird, I am sure many are talking about it, a Gedab news is in order.

    I hear due to the existing limitation in withdrawal to 20,000 Nacfa, many do not deposit in the banks, but keep their notes at home. This has created the shortage in currency to a point that the $ has dropped from 60 to 40 Nacfa.

    Has the change in currency been devised to get those who horde money to deposit it to the bank? Or has it got to do with 200 million or so funding in Euro expected from the EU and they are cash strapped to deal with the incoming hard currency? Whatever the reason, this will back fire as it will not only affect the business people, but it will hit the pockets of the generals.

    Waiting to hear from those who are more clued…….

    Regards
    AOsman

    • Fnote Selam

      AOsman,

      Indeed, all their previous efforts to control the black market of hard currency failed because it affected the interest of the generals. We will see how this goes….

      • Berhe Y

        Hi All,

        Here is a news from tesfanews about the change of new currency. It aledges that, this is a move to prevent those who were hording money….this should create a show down with the corrupt generals.

        http://www.tesfanews.net/eritrea-issued-legal-notice-to-regulate-new-currency/

        Berhe

        • Semere Andom

          Hi BY

          The government does not need to change the currency to create the showdown. the generals are part of this corrupt system that is changing the currency and they will find away to get away with it, the same manner they get away with human trafficking, free labor and whoring with underage girls.
          this is typical of PFDJ MO, they want to get the people who are hording money, the merchants, the cash transactions and also the people do not trust the banking system and generally do not use the banks. There is a better way to make the banking system trustworthy, create independence banking systems, separate monetary policy from the politics and fiscal policy and introduce accountability

          In early 1990s they floated a rummour to privatize the Niyla hotel and many rich people mostly from Ethiopia submitted their bid, PFDJ calculated roughly how much bidder is worth off and then they withdrew the offer, PFDJ does not only hate educated people they also hate wealthy people so this is to get the wealthy people who are hiding the money under their bankers in their houses. I think those with money should immediately convert their nacfa to foreign currency and keep it under heir banker and make the dollar with shoot as they offer higher rate

          • AOsman

            Dear Semere,

            I agree with your top points, but your last point of “immediate change to foreign currency” is not workable. Just think about it, no sane person will sell his hard currency knowing he cannot register his Nacfa in the short period of time. So those who have anything other than Nacfa will not trade their money or items/products to receive Nacfa. The proclamation says “one off deposit” if I remember it correctly, even a simple trader will have to wait for the last day to deposit, otherwise deposit early, lock his shop and retire for few weeks until dooms day.

            Just give it few weeks and check the exchange rate in the black market and you will see Nacfa on free fall……

            Regards

            AOsman

    • Pass the salt

      Thanks AOsman for the informative comment.
      This will create some collusion among the dictator and the cash holding generals.

    • haileTG

      Selamat Aosman, Fnote selam and Abraham,

      Continuing with the debate, I was also waiting to hear the input from Mr Dafla on the issue that was aired on radio Assenna earlier today.

      Generally speaking, Mr Dafla made the point that the issuance of a revised proclamation wasn’t necessary and the Bank of Eritrea’s powers of oversight and regulatory control had long been stripped off by the office the President. Hence, Mr Dafla conclude that the whole exercise is a gimmick at best.

      What appears clears to me is that some are making the assumption that the rate on offer for redeeming the old notes (as articulated in the proclamation itself) imply the valuation of the new currency. That has not been explicitly stated in the text of the proclamation. In other words, such an assumption is purely speculative. The old currency will lose all its value after the completion of the replacement period. That has been explicitly declared in the text of the proclamation. What the proclamation doesn’t cover is the valuation of the new currency, i.e. if it will continue as 15 NKF for a $1 or will be devalued. So, this could be the first phase of what is essentially nothing more than currency devaluation. The IMF and World Bank have long advised for realistic exchange rates for the Nakfa that has only devalued nominally in the last 18 years (by few cents at most). The Bank of Eritrea was defending the regulation on the exchange on the grounds that it needed to control inflation. However, any credit and bilateral agreements with from here forth with the said institutions may require fiscal restructuring in exchange rates and regulations of of currency within the wider financial sector.

      In the short run, this measure is likely to create speculative climate that may determine the the nature of challenges that need to be dealt with (it hasn’t happened yet, so we can’t say). Ideally, one would expect such a measure would start to be rolled out through wider consultations, longer grace period (than just 2 weeks) and adequate alternatives for people to decide what to do with their money. Instead, the regime acted in a typical fashion, where it ambushed the people and business community with a hastily put together directive that neither accountable nor negotiable. That is very poor handling and shows the regime’s frantic state at this point in time.

      Regards

      • AOsman

        Deal Haile TG,

        Those who have large sum of money are put in an unenviable position. If they cannot bring proof that the money they are holding is legit, after the declared deadline, they will be left with a void currency. Giving a longer grace period would have helped as both currency would be functional for a transition period, but that would not solve the issue of hording and defeat the evil intention of the government. It will good to understand the motive, as declared if implemented, it will be a daylight robbery…..

        Apart from the business people, a typical person who sold his property declaring a lower value would find himself in a position where he is unable to exchange to the new currency. It will create an environment that people would better off getting rid of what the have by buying assets and any item that will help recover their money. This will create an environment where you might as well close your business/shop, just to avoid earning a currency that will be worthless within weeks. The combination and permutation of such move will freeze the market, even though the government has declared 1 to 1 replacement, due to the demand for hard currency $ value is likely to go up for the short period where the old currency is functional, then a reversal may be true due to lack of new currency in circulation as 20k Nacfa withdrawal limit is only $5k .

        I am not into finance, trying to understand how this will work out, I cannot fathom…

        Regards

        AOsman

        • Saleh Johar

          AOsman,
          If you know anyone who can give you $5k for 20,000, an exchange rate of $1 for 4Nakfa, run if you have Nakfa, get as much dollars as you can 🙂

          Actually, 20,000 Nakfa is worth around $400—@ a rate of 45 to 60 Nakfa /1$. If you have a family and have to pay rent, that will not be enough for a few weeks only.

          • AOsman

            Dear Saleh,

            Wow, now this makes the whole situation a joke. My mental calculation would not even allow me to think in less that 1000 dollars, I had to be generous by 10 folds. Also the unlimited amount to deposit (subject to checks) is restricted to the first 2 weeks out of the 6 weeks. The remaining 4 weeks you are only allowed to deposit only 20k Nacfa (with 1 time deposit per person).

            I feel sorry for those innocent people who are holding large sum of Nacfa are going through this uncertain time.

            There is an opportunity for the opposition to take advantage of this, I can think of few announcements that would make a dent, it needs quick thinking. It is high risk that each person with money need to consider on their own term, but a sensible assurance that old Nacfa will be accepted by the future government will kill the plan to appropriate people wealth. Lets see what awatista think of this….as I can only foresee a government on suicide mission with this move, it will backfire on them if they try to enact the policy.

            Regards
            AOsman

          • Abraham Hanibal

            Hi AOsman,

            Yes, basically it means that the people only have a two weeks time to deposit whatever old nakfa currency they posses, because the last four weeks they can only deposit max. 20k nkf. In addition to this there is also the restriction that one person can deposit only once in one bank throughout the process. This means anyone with huge amount of cash has either to deposit it whatever risk it poses, or else end up with a pile of valueless paper.

          • haileTG

            Hi Abraham,
            Just to add to that ( I will make a longer post later), people also only have 60 hours in which to make those deposits. The exchange centers will open Monday through Saturday, from 8 A.M – 11 A.M in the mornings (3hrs) and from 2 P.M. – 4 P.M. in the afternoons (2hrs). That is 12 days of 5hr per day slots.

            Regards

      • Fnote Selam

        Haile and Aosman,

        If gov did it with good intention, might as well be beneficial. Otherwise, it may backfire at them (genzeb hisum eyu, it can motives more than probably any other thing…lols).

        On related (unrelated) issue, whatever happened to the plan to issue new ID card?

        FS.

        • Kokhob Selam

          Dear FS,

          መብዛሕትኡ ማዕበል ሰውራ ክጅምር እንከሎ ኣብ ቁጠባ ወይ ምጣነ ሃብቲ ብዘጓፍ ሓፍ ዞቕ እዩ :: ምሕደራ ህግደፍ እዚ ከሻቅሎ ዝጸነሐ ጉዳይ እዩ : ካብ ምቁጽጻር ወጻኢ ኣብ ዝኸደሉ እዋን ‘ውን ምቁሙጣዕ ኣባላቱ ንምምላስ ኣብ ዘይክእለሉ እዋን እዩ በጺሑ :: ኣብ ገዛውቲ ዘሎ ብዝሒ ናቅፋ ግን ኣብ መፍትሒ ዘይብሉ ዕጽው ኩርናዕ ምብጽሑ ስለ ዘስተብሃለን ኣብ ትሕቲ ምቁጽጻሩ ዘእትወሉ እንኮ ምርጫ ምቅያር እቲ ባጤራ ነበረ :: እቲ ባጤራ ካብ ቅርጹ ክሳብ ሕብሩ ክህልዎ ዝኽእል ስነኣእምሮኣዊ ጽልዎ ‘ውን ገና ክንሪኦ እና : – እዚ ንህግደፍ ዝሓልፋ ነጥቢ ኣይኮነን ::

          ግን እቲ ሓፍሽ ከም ሓፍሽ ካብ ኣፉ ናብ ከብዱ ‘ ኳ ንጋዳ – ስለዚ ብዙሕ ኣይክሓስበሉን እዩ :: እቲ ቀንዲ ዝህሰ ንኡስ ደላብ ሃብቲ ዝኾነ ተበላጺ ሸነኽ እዩ :: እንተ ዓቢ ቡርዧ ዝበሃል ደርቢ የብልናን :- እቲ ቦታ ብኣባላትን መንግስትን መንግስትን ተ ሃዚኡ እዩ :: ስለዚ ኩልና ከምንፈልጦ እቲ ንኡስ ደላብ ሃብቲ ጠቅሙ ምስ ዝትንከፍ መሓዙት ቃልሲ ምድላዩ ኣይክተርፍን እዩ :: ከም ግምተይ ህግደፍ ገለ ጎንጺ ክገጥማ ይኽእል እዩ – ምናልባት ውን ሕይል ዝበለ ::

        • Berhe Y

          Selam FS,

          I think they are going ahead with their plans to change the ID card. I got copied to email inadvertently, giving directive to the councl rep when to punch holes to the old Id.

          Berhe

        • haileTG

          Selam Fnote and Aosman,

          Now that Aosman mentioned one of the common thing that has been going on during property and land transactions, we can look at the complexity of making this thing really work. I agree that it has a slim chances to work under the current setting. Firstly, what Aosman has said on the differences between declared value and actual cash that exchanges hand in property/land transactions has been almost the standard practice. Basically, you agree to sell your property, say at 5 million Nakfa and you close the deal at 3 million on the documents and and receive the rest of the 2 million in cash. That is just for the the readers who aren’t clear on what we’re talking about.

          Yet, there is more to it than just in the property sector. Many traders deal in layered variety of merchandise, much of which isn’t their licensed trade. For example, you walk in to a shop, you get the basic merchandise that you would expect in a shop. You then move into the second room in the same shop, it changes into contraband center of other items, articles, flour and the likes, you then move to the back yard, it changes into a fuel vendor with street value and many things happen in between.Everyone knows how they transfer money to their family and the list is long. Add to these, ransom, bribe, and the rest… well you get the picture.

          However, as I said earlier (in my response to Abraham), even if a new government comes, this situation has to be controlled somehow. In the short run, the people will likely react in individualist maximalist way. Very understandable, but very dangerous. The regime doesn’t have anywhere near what is required to control and see through this initiative (most likely it is doing it to get out of short term fix). So, I agree with you gentlemen, this could potentially spin out of control.

          Regards

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Hello little Brother
            I know you have been ding your things when the great awatistats were hurling crude missiles made in pro-tes labs. Very nice comments Hailat.
            I think, and this is just a guess, because even the administrators in the regime are caught by surprise, this is a major undertaking which has been done in a typical PFDJ style (secret, kept at the top (probably not far from the premises of the presidential office, the top financial administers, security and guardians of the regime. As is explained in your comments this matter should have been handled in ways that don’t hurt the innocent. Now, the innocent who has been hoarding cash because of the lack of efficient financial infrastructure and the culture of modern transaction, will be punished along the criminal who has stashed his ill-gotten cash under his mattress.The rumor was going on for sometimes- that some sort of financial overhauling including restructuring the salary system which was encapsulated in the loaded rumor that the government was going to “improve” (increase salaries..) the lives of public workers…was blowing.
            I agree that such an act has long been over due. The problem is it appears the proclamation and the directives contained within are prepared in a way that would most of the nakfa flooding the market out of action, controlling the circulation and through controlling the supply side of the problem, the regime intends to tackle inflation, which is a band aid. But I am sure this will enrage a lot of the thieves. Considering most of those thieves are at the top of the food chain, do you expect hiccups?
            * People have been complaining of rampant black market, and corruption.
            *people have been complaining certain government individuals and units have been deep into illegal activities including human trafficking and economic sabotages
            *basically, the overwhelming feeling of peole, from the little guy on the street to the minister who attends intermittently arranged cabinet meetings, was complaining that they don’t know how the country is run.
            Depending on how it will be handled (if it is designed to entrap the criminals) while stabilizing the market, it could help. At this point, I’m concerned more about the little guys and not the regime. But, on the other hand, if the criminals are let to go through bribing, then it will be a short lived project. At the heart of the problem is the lack of institutionalism. And as long as that is no tackled, the action will be no more than a temporary intervention.
            I think the regime has let this matter to go for a long time, along the way, the culture of bribes has cropped up to a degree where corruption has become institutionalized. It has become normal to hear from folks who make regular pilgrimage to Asmara that you can’t do anything without giving bribes. This is a stark contrast to the Eritrea I knew and to the political system many had given their lives to install.
            My prediction is that something good will come out of this. Many citizens will recognize how deep the problem has been let to go, and definitely some big fish will be ensnared in the net. I think the opposition medias need to prepare the people not to be cheated by corrupted officials during the transaction period and to explain the political dimension of the problem.

          • haileTG

            Merhaba big bro,

            You see Mahmuday, I totally understand and have similar concerns as your too. The problem is however, of late, in the past 10 years, corruption had been taking hold and is now a full fledged institution. Such may/could have been overlooked to certain extent but the level is so staggering now, the regime is in no position to effect something like this with the required level of integrity for it to bear fruit. Many people will bribe many other people to solve their problems and the process will find itself back to its point of origin. I really hope most people see the problem faced in this area in particular, irrespective of any other partisan considerations. It is a severe problem that will ultimately cause grave risk to innocent people. If it is compounded with other crisis issues, it will definitely make for a major complicating factor. We still don’t know what the regime is trying to get away from by doing this now and at this time.

            Now, where are your sources when we need them badly, i.e. those who were following the traces of Mola Asghedom closely? 🙂 haha..

            Regards

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Hailat,

            The nucleus of PFDJ party is consolidating its power and its unity, using the strategical concept “unity by subtraction” to borrow YG’s famous explanation to the nature of Eritrean politics. I am also registering my fear based on your input and AOsman’s information on the limits of surrendering amounts of Nakfa (20,000) and surrendering period (4 to 6 weeks) of the old Nakfa will create an environment for hunting citizens thereby will enhance the exodus of Eritrean people. Don’t you think so?

            Regards,
            Amanuel Hidrat

          • Fnote Selam

            Haile,

            Can I challenge you on those people we are assuming have been benefiting greatly from the status quo (or ‘criminals’ as Mahmud referred to them as….i understand what he means, but i would prefer he rather not use the term (given its abuse by pfdj over the years) and since no one should be called criminal until proven so)? Anyway, in a country where the government controls every aspect of business down to the retail, how can those ‘criminals’ be a factor at all? what these ‘criminal’s are doing is liking peeing into the an ocean full of crap…..

            FS>

          • haileTG

            Hey FS,

            The way I am looking at the problem is as one that has now assumed social scale of profound levels. My perspective is different in that I think whoever is responsible to starting it, we’re now all implicated in driving the approaching crisis. The transfer of hard currency through the black market is a standard practice. The scale of which is very alarming. In Eritrea proper, unless the regime brings some unknown entities to implement this plan, there is already a very deep and clandestine relationship among the entire social fabric. What the regime declare now is hard to carry out and easy to bypass. Corruption had been the mainstay for many for too long. We relied too much on “paying” our way around to get anything. This can’t be remedied by the simple wand of currency change and the imposition of which in such a cold turkey or drastic approach. So, I am not so much in finger pointing at this time but keen to see if other awatista see the degree of urgency that I am seeing.

            Regards

            PS: dear AT, I had put out a telegram to mahmuday and kokobay and seem to be held up by disques, please check if you get a chance:-)

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Haile the great,

            I have seen that as there was a call in my system. I try to reply but was not accepting. here is what I said,

            Dear haile the great,

            who will correct us if matured young energetic men like you don’t come here? for whom is Kokhob (me ) suffering in dangerous place where I am now? isn’t for young once like you? isn’t for my people? Whom am I trusting to leave the world? isn’t you and your likes that give me hope that Eritrea will be in peace?

            So if you see it that way, you must be correct and here I am fully accepting your call.

          • Fnote Selam

            Ok, Got you!

            FS.

          • Abraham Hanibal

            Selam Haile TG,

            You really have a profound understanding of the internal dynamics of the economic situation in Eritrea. The country is simply running on black market, and is eaten up inside out by corruption. The main corruption that led to all this is the political corruption of authoritarianism, and absence of functioning institutions. The Isayas-regime is now harvesting what it has sown throughout the decades and is starting to sink in the mud it has created. Something positive might be in the offing out of this potentially explosive situation, in terms of challenges to the regime.

          • haileTG

            Merhaba Abraham,

            Thanks. Today the Manager of the Bank of Eritrea, Ato Kibreab was on ERiTV with journalist/coordinator Adib. He was explaining the recent announcement and in my opinion, he was a cornered man trying to give reassurance at any cost. For starters, he said the grand purpose was meant to transition into paperless transaction habits as the use of credit cards and cheque books to settle payments. Now, why would one need to change currency in order to do that? And how is that envisioned to work in the vast sections of the country where there is no banks? It is perplexing to imagine they could think the people to be so foolish to buy that. He then said those with over 5million nakfa to convert, all they need to do is to leave their money in the bank on a labelled box and they will be contacted to come in for counting and redemption after the six week period is over, as per assigned appointment schedules. Now, who is going to leave millions inside a poorly secured building for months? He called those abroad with a holding of nakfa inside or outside the country, to comeback within the six week and two week periods of conversion schedule. This is a badly planned operation and will soon run into problems. The drastic and frantic nature, without even explaining what the new currency would look like, is simply cause for concern. In Eritrea nowadays a million or two nakfa isn’t a huge deal. It is something you’d expect circulating outside the bank’s reach by middle to low level traders. As far as I know, money is counted by hand in the banks and unless they have already prepared counting machines and sorting as well as packaging conveyors (that I doubt), it is interesting proposal what they are setting up to do. Well, we’ll see:-)

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Hailat,

            I will join to echo what PTS has asked for you – to expand your argument about the Nakfa fiasco and the possible fate of it in an article form. Those in the economic and business profession or academia are in good position to do the necessary assessment on it. Then the rest of us will join you on the politico – economy implication of it.

            Regards
            Amanuel Hidrat

        • tes

          Dear FS,

          It is naivety to think the government if he can do such things for good intentions.

          tes

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Dear Aosman,

      Since the news is already disseminated about the issuance of the new “Nakfa”, I don’t think Gedab news is in order at this point. What should be in order now is the “pencil” AT’s editorial analysis to dissect the fall of Nakfa, the future prospect of the new currency, and its ramification on the livelihood of Eritrean people.

      regards

  • Abi

    Hope nefse
    Is this S-500 your spy uncle procured for eritrea ? I didn’t know he left you one to remember him by.
    Time to download.
    Can you tell me that story again. I love spy fiction. No wonder you like to change your nick .

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear Hope,
    are you trying to tell me I have to reconcile with PFDJ? or those corrupted reformers who are directly working with PFDJ? why? reconciliation is for those who have common aim and I don’t have a single common ground with PFDJ at all. PFDJ has to remain stronger as it is ruling the nation or go and burn no other choice and It the same for me. I simply can’t discuss with killers and they even don’t and can’t reconcile with me and people like me. they don’t cheat on this one, they are clear on this one, they have said it… only you opportunists are trying to dance in the middle.

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear Hope,
    I never see single PFDJ supporter without the nature you show. you mention Mahmuday and Mahmuday mention others..just depending in others to regroup and group. even among opposition who don’t trust themselves keep grouping and regrouping. when you discuss some one just do it alone and stand and let your stand attract others without asking for help.

    PFDJ, PFDJ is the enemy of all including your boss. what I hate is not the men like you it is the system that makes me hate it. I don’t hate human beings. the star of peace is part of nature and want the nature to be in peace and if the devil on the sky don’t want peace and with any type of agreement, the start hates it.

    Aseb belongs to Afar People before it belongs to Eritrea. Eritrea belongs to Eritrean people before it belongs to Africa. Afar people are not only Eritreans but there are also Afars’ from other nations. if people like you will try to sale them for higher bidder, they will fight and of course they will prefer their own government and nation – but if other Eritreans will not allow you to sale and stand with Afars then sure they will be ready to continue as part of Eritrea. do you get it? Afar people have full freedom to reject Eritreanism if PFDJ will try to sale them and if the majority are people like you who are greedy. hopefully the majority will not support PFDJ.

    the difference is clear, it doesn’t matter who stands here and who stands there…it is the peace and love that matters and any one who support PFDJ automatically is an enemy . I don’t reconcile with someone who don’t respect others and who don’t want to have rule.

  • saay7

    Selamat Awatistas:

    When reviewing the issue of Eritrea’s alleged role in Saudi Arabia’s invasion of Yemen, we need to consider the following:

    1. SEMG and its report;
    2. Gov of Eritrea’s rebuttal to the SEMG report;
    3. The state of affairs in Eritrea before and after Eritrea’s alleged role in the Yemen civil war.
    4. Potpouri

    1. SEMG’s Report

    The SEMG had an unequival report which it saw fit to include in its summary:

    Eritrea forged a new strategic military relationship with Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates that involved allowing the Arab coalition to use Eritrean land, airspace and territorial waters in its anti-Houthi military
    campaign in Yemen. The Monitoring Group understands that, as part of the arrangement, Eritrea has received compensation from the two countries, including monetary compensation and fuel supplies. Any compensation diverted
    directly or indirectly towards activities that threaten peace and security in the region or for the benefit of the Eritrean military would constitute a violation of resolution 1907 (2009). Moreover, the Group has received credible information that Eritrean soldiers are embedded with the United Arab Emirates contingent of the forces fighting on Yemeni soil. If confirmed, this would constitute a clear violation of that resolution

    Essentially, SEMG is arguing that Eritrea is receiving compensation from Saudi Arabi and UAE and IF this compensation it has received is directed towards “activities that threaten peace and security in the region”, i.e., support for Somali and Ethiopian rebels, then it would be a violation of resolution 1907. It is unclear whether Eritrea’s alleged role in Yemen in itself is a violation of the UN resolutions.

    Now, it needs reminding that the evidentiary standard all UN bodies use is a simple “we have reason to believe.” It is not, “proof beyond reasonable doubt” or “preponderance of evidence shows”, but a simple “we have reason to believe.” And the “we have reasonable to believe” is a simple we talk to people we find very credible who told us it happened. Now the question is: who are the people. They are listed in its footnotes and they are:

    1. A former Eritrean military official with active ties to the Eritrean military
    2. An Eritrean political analyst with high-level contacts in the Persian Gulf
    3. High-level officials from countries in the Horn of Africa,
    4. A European country
    5. Africaintelligence.com
    6. Two high-ranking diplomatic sources from countries in the Horn of Africa
    7. A former United Arab Emirates-based Eritrean official, May 2015.
    8. Tesfanews,
    9. A leading Eritrean journalist based in Europe with strong contacts in the region,
    10. A non-African member State.

    Gov of Eritrea Rebuttal to the SEMG Report

    In its rebuttal, Eritrea’s representative to the UN, Girma Asmerom, strongly denies that Eritrea has any of its military embedded in the UAE contingent of forces. But he doesn’t directly address the claim that Eritrea has formed strategic partnership with Saudi Arabia and UAE and is receiving “monetary compensation and fuel supplies” other than to dismiss it using generalities. He goes on to explain that “any development or activity concerning the issue of peace and security in the Horn of Africa and Red Sea Region directly affects Eritrea’s security and economic development. As a member of the United Nations, Eritrea is fully committed to the UN Security Council resolutions to fight global terrorism and extremism.” He says this by way of arguing that the sanctions should be lifted so that Eritrea, presumably, can more effectively fight terrorism and extremism.

    Eritrea, Before & After the Yemeni Civil War & Isaias Visit to Saudi Arabia

    IF, Saudi Arabia and UAE have given “monetary compensation and fuel supplies” to Eritrea, it has not translated to relief to the people. For years, Eritrea was listed as a country with the world’s most expensive fuel/gallon–and this is even during the honeymoon period with Libya’s Qaddafi who used to subsidize/gift oil to Eritrea. This is even during honeymoon period in Sudan when Al-Bashir helped out with his modest oil. With prices of copper plummeting, the revenues that were generated by Nevsun (compare its revenues and profits for period ended 9/30/15 with 9/30/14), the Gov of Eritrea is in dire straits. The Gov of Eritrea should have been celebrating the recent UN resolution which is significantly watered-down from previous ones (no mention of Somalia, no mention of Ethiopian rebels in Eritrea. It was all focused on: make peace with Djibouti (which the Gov of Eritrea can fix in a matter of days) and let the SEMG in (even if it increases the number of proxy meetings, without admitting the SEMG inside the country, the issue will go away, as many in the UNSC consider that–a group of experts demanding unfettered access to places and people–a violation of sovereignty.)

    4. Potpourri

    (a) Stratfor is, for reasons not at all clear, considered a very credible global intelligence service and what it has reported about Eritrea has continuously received massive amplification by Western media. Stratfor has been the source for previous claims that Eritrea has granted Iran and Israel military base in the Red Sea. And in Amba Soira? Really? How about Kilimanjaro and Everest?

    (b) SEMG has reported many highly credible stories. But it has also stumbled because it is only as strong as the group that makes it up, and the group has had no continuity as a result of rotations. Each SEMG starts anew with each mandate.

    (c) Until such time that people are willing to go on record and testify, readers (including members of UNSC who are not familiar with the vengeance-is-mine regime of Isaias Afwerki) will never understand how exiled people, “Western countries” “Horn of Africa diplomats” choose to remain anonymous and will, to some extent, discount their reports.

    saay

    • dawit

      Selamat Cousin Saay,
      As usual you are trying to amplify SEMG role in Eritrea. They lied from day one when they accused Eritrea had 2000 armed fighters in Somalia in 2006 and never confirmed it and again their sources were exactly what you have listed. They accused Eritrea, bombing African Union Building to kill African leaders, and still they have the same sources, and now still you want us to believe the same group with their new allegation of Eritrean soldiers imbedded with UAA army fighting in Yemen. Sorry Saay, SEMG was once a liar and still a liar group will remain a liar. They sell lies and collect fat UN salaries. There is no mystery to it UNSC wanted to divert attention from Bademe and they created SEMG. Personally I enjoy PIA’s latest move leasing Eritrean strategic assets to who ever willing to pay for it. Right now Assab The ‘Queen of the Red Sea’ is a hot commodity. PIA is calling Check! with the Queen, to all the players, UNSC, SEMG, CoI, AU, Arab League and Emperor Obama! Yes I am enjoying this latest political Chase game in the Red Sea Basin.

      • saay7

        Hey Cousin dawit:

        I am? I didn’t know that. The reason for sanctions on Eritrea are really quite simple and they have nothing to do with Eritreans (or how Isaias treats Eritreans) but “Isaias vs the Horn of Africa.” If you put everything on a timeline, you can see the cause and effect as follows:

        1. From 2006-2008, Isaias took an increasingly belligerent attitude in Somalia. I say “Isaias” and not “eritrea” or even “Gov of Eritrea” or “PFDJ” because that was all him. An African coalition of nations who were being harmed by his policies (Uganda, Somalia, Djibouti, Benin…) passed a measure in the African Peace & Security Council, which pushed it forward to the UNSC. Throughout that time, Isaias continued to be belligerent and to dare Africa and the UN. His TV (you should know, you watch Eri-TV Truth nightly) was non-stop Somalia, Somalia, Somalia, Somalia, Ethiopia, Ethiopia, Ethiopia, Ethiopia.

        2. In 2008, he had a border skirmish with Djibouti. Even when NY Times Jeffrey Kettleman went to the front lines and photographed and interviewed soldiers, Isaias was singing one song: fabrication, fabrication, fabrication.

        3. In 2009, came the sanctions. In December 2009. Or, as Isaias says, “on the eve of Christmas” as if he observes Christmas. As if he doesn’t know the UNSC calendar.

        4. In 2010, he signed a mediation agreement with Djibouti. You know about this because Gedab News shared it with you, and not because Eri-TV ever, ever announced it. How can it announced there was a mediation agreement about a “fabrication”? But he was still trying his belligerence in Somalia.

        5. In 2011, the UN stiffened the resolutions to include the only thing that matters to him: Money. That is, demanding that he account for revenues generated from mining. And demanding that he cease and desist his aggressive collection campaign in the Diaspora.

        Now that actually woke him up. He slowed down his activity (including propaganda) about Somalia. You should know this because as an Eri-TV regular you know it was in 2012 that Eri-TV stopped its All Somalia All The Time programming.

        So the SEMG reported that he has no activity in Somalia. If they were the liars you claim they are, they would be inventing stories about his activity in Somalia.

        Now, with Djibouti. He is stalling having to account for the Djibouti POWS. Something that should be even more offensive to you, he is not acknowledging that there are even Eritrean POWs in Djibouti.

        But he will. Maybe next year, or the year after. He is slow you know. Gobye, remember?

        And if and when he does, the sanctions will be lifted. Maybe. Unless Hillary Clinton is elected president. She might not look fondly at the time she was Secretary of State and he refused to accept her phone call and, trust me, there will be people in the Ethiopian government who will remind her of that.

        saay

        • d

          Dear Cousin Saay
          Why do you think Ambassador Herman Cohen said that Sanctions on Eritrea was pure bullying by US and has no any merit what so ever as the accusations you listed above?

          • saay7

            My dearest Cousin dawit:

            It so happens that my next article is going to be to compare Ambassador Herman Cohen’s US prescription for Africa (as outlined in his book “The Mind of The African Strongman”) with Herman Cohen’s US prescription for Eritrea (as outlined in his tweets.) When you read what he says in the book, it is questionable whether he read his own book, much less write it. Thanks for allowing me to plug it in advance.

            Herman Cohen is a man of contradictions. This is what he wrote on October 21, 2015 (h/t to Bitsu Hadish):

            “The question that we ask now is what punishment will the United States administer to those African leaders who disregard our strong advice. If the African leaders go ahead with their plans to stay in power by modifying their constitutions, and the United States does nothing, then the Obama Administration’s credibility in Africa will certainly suffer.”

            http://www.cohenonafrica.com/homepage/2015/10/21/will-us-punish-african-presidents-who-change-constitutions

            Yet, he criticizes Susan Rice for “punishing” Isaias Afwerki, a man who “plans to stay in power by modifying” Eritrea’s constitution. He says that US policy towards Eritrea is driven by Susan Rice’s grudge to Isaias Afwerki. What is demonstrable here is that Cohen’s policy towards Eritrea is driven by his contempt and ridicule of Susan Rice, as evidenced in the reportage we were given by Eritrea’s Charge d’affairs to US. (Link available upon request.)

            I also find it hilarious that Isaisists divide up their time thusly: 50% of the time condemning white neo-colonialist; 50% of their time praising and latching on to any white malcontent (Herman Cohen), communist (Thomas Mountain) and ladder-climber (Bronwyn Bruton)

            saay

  • Dear Hope,

    Crocodile or otherwise, where do you see the tears? If you have no tears for yourself, how come you expect from others? Having your opinion is no lamentation. By the way, do you really believe all these things you are saying? Why don’t you speak of the real thing, at least for the time being until and if the real thing ever happens, and not of the billion and trillions of dollars that exist only in your imagination? Real people do not live on dreams.

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear Horizon,

      Ha,ha! are you really serous replying to our friend Hope? but really do you think he was writing that post from his believe like leasing Aseb is correct?

      He knows first of all Afar People are prepared and ready to fight even against PFDJ. In fact they are facing resistance even within opposition and within Afar people not to go beyond asking their rights and they should do it joining with other fighters (not to ask their national identity). if so happen PFDJ lease it, (hopefully PFDJ will not do it) any government that replaces PFDJ will also suffer. But even in PFDJ era, no foreign nation will be able to move as there will always be a reaction from Afar people – the news will be always death of human beings. in fact Afar people of those three countries may go for one nation from Ethiopia,Djibouti and Eritrea. and the life of PFDJ will end badly.

      again, is UAE crazy to for it? Hope knows very well those Gulf countries, so don’t spend your time when someone writes for the sake of writing.

    • Hope

      Dear Hprozon:
      You are the one ,who is lamenting!
      Tsina’t yohabka!
      As far as the Natural Resources is concerned , it is not my story but that of facts on the ground and based on the Western Intelligence Services!
      As to leasing the Aseb Port,well,had it not been the stubborn and miscalculated policy along with the sabotage and boycotting and evil Polociies of the TPLF Gov backed by its masters , it is only the lucky and smart one ,who should have leased the Aseb Port!
      But just stay tuned and time will tell and u may get surprised !
      The SIGNS of the TIME are right there !

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear PFDJ supporters and reformers,

    here bellow get the gold and leave the wax for me.

    እንታይ ድኣ ኮይና ዝነበርት ሽዓ :-
    ስኑ ምስ በለሐ ሃንደበት ከዲዓ ::

    ኣመላ እዩ ኢሎሞ ንዲናር ምምንዛር :-
    ወይ ውን ንርያል ውይ ውን ንዶላር :l-
    ናታ ዘይፍትወላ ጨካን እያ ዘዋር :-
    ባርካ ኣይተኽብር ናቅፋ ውይ ‘ውን ሰምሃር::

    • Semere Andom

      Dear KS:
      ምንዝርና ድኣ ኣመላ

      ምፋጥርታ ፍንጫሓ መሰንገላ

      እዚ ደአ ከመይ ኢሉ ገሪሙካ

      ምንዝርና ደአ ንህግደፍ ዓንጋሊታ

      ታታ ክቲብል ብኣ አጸረየት አፋ

      ሕጂ ‘ም ቆርጠምጠም ክም ቛንቋ ኣዲኣ

      • Kokhob Selam

        Dear Semere,

        ውላድ ናይ ኣዲኣ እያ ትወስድ ኢሎማ :-
        ምውራሳ ነይተርፍ ቀይሓ ጸሊማ :-

        ኣደ ምስ ኣረገት ትኸይድ ገዳማ :-
        ትናሳሕ ትቆርብ ሕሉፍ እናሕመማ :-

        ቆልዓ ግን ትሕንግድ መዓስ በጺሓቶ :-
        ብሽንታ ትሕጸብ ኮይና ኣጉል ከንቶ :-
        ካብ ሰብኣይ ናብ ሰብኣይ ክብረታ ሸይጣቶ :-
        ሕብራ ትቀያይር ከምዛ ነፋሒቶ :-

        ኣይከም ናይ ኣዲኣ ንስሓ ነይበጸሐት :-
        ብቀታሊ ሕማም ንነብሳ በለዐት ::

    • Fnote Selam

      Kokhob and Semere,

      Not disagreeing with your poems, but asking for a friend…..does the poems apply on ‘drone base’ basis too or are they just for ports only…

      FS>

      • Kokhob Selam

        Dear FS,

        do you see the gold? ሽዓ means at that very moment and also means the religion of most Iran people. ስኑ means his tooth but it means also the man or group of people who fallow Islam suna. ምምንዛር means exchange / remittance of money but also means prostitution. you know ናቅፋ part of Eritrea but also the currency. go now reading the above poem. serve hot and enjoy so you will know if it is for Port only or bigger and higher.

  • dawit

    Dear All,
    I like watching this Chase Game. The politics of ‘Irrelevance’! played as it is played live in the Red Sea Basin. All the SMEGs, the CoIs and UNSC sponsored sanctions and Opposition demonstrations and shouting are becoming irrelevance. While King Hailemariam D’Tona is studying his dead ‘Great leader five points of negotiations to exchange Bademe for Assab, PIA pulled Assab The Queen of the Red Sea, calling to everyone Check! The Lion of Nakfa is roaring from his pride Dunden Asmara. The Queen of the Red Sea is no more a watering holes for camels. Eritrea is shipping its camels to Botswana to the Kalahari desert.

    • Abi

      Hey dawit
      Hailemariam D’Tona? Typical kebesa arrogance. What else is new? It is this arrogance that took you out of your warm homes and sent you to every refugee camp all over the world.
      Some people never mature with age.
      “Ye Enchet shibet ” yilal yagere sew

      • Eyob Medhane

        Abi,

        Isn’t it really heartbreakingly pathetic that an almost entire group of people drowning itself into extinction clad with such arrogance? What a way to go!

        • Abi

          Eyobe
          What is funny is they give us so many belittling names while drowning.
          Pathetic is understatement.
          About a year ago I was at a party because one of the kebesas made it Mekele in one piece. With no bullet in his body. His mother threw ” yedesdes” party . A lot of people in a small house. What is beyond funny is the picture of IA is still hanging on the wall.

          • Eyob Medhane

            Abishu,

            Ha ha..That’s funny..

            You know there is a petition going around to rename Adigrat University, Agame University. I am really for that to happen. Adigrat University has over 1,500 Eritrean students (refugees) who are attending there. Can you imagine, on their resume Bachlor’s degree, public health from Agame University.. Or in a conversation, “where did you go to school?” response, “Agame University”. It would drive the Dawits and a huge chunk of the Kebessa real crazy..

            Please do me a favor, invite this smog and video clip to Dawit for me.. This is the capital city of Agame Awraja, Adigrat. And I insist you watch and listin to it..

            Adwa nyre, kimeles Adigrat,
            Shire nyre, kimeles Adigrat,
            Axum nyre, kimeles Adigrat,
            Meqele nyre, kimeles Adigrat,….

            What is missing now from this lyric is “Asmara nyre, kimeles Adigrat”… 🙂

            https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=R9VVPVHkLmQ

          • Guest

            Dear Eyob,

            Hmmm…not significant at all comparing to the fact that the very same people showed you that you can use your hands when you eat.

            Regards

          • Eyob Medhane

            Guest,

            Oh..how lovely…it seems Abi and I woke up the Hitlerite in you didn’t we?

          • Abi

            Hi Guest
            If it was not for your unreserved kindness, we would be still eating with our feet.
            Thank you Kebesa

          • Abi

            Eyobe
            You are much nicer than I am.
            Here is my version of kebesa conversation that took place at Agame University.
            Guest: where did you grow up?
            dawit: Agame refugee camp.
            Guest: Eway anta edilegna!!
            dawit: where did you grow up?
            Guest: SAWA slavery camp.
            dawit: Eway! Anta ergum!

      • dawit

        Whats up Abi,
        It seems you didn’t like the word D’Tona! That is the problem of people who claim to be Ethiopians, but don’t know their history. The great Kingdom of Woliata, her last king was Tona. The Wolita kingdom was devastated by King Menelik ii who used the superior gun power he received from Italian colonizers for selling them land called Midre Bahri, including Assab. The Wolita people became slaves to Amara Neftegnas for a century. Now after a century of slavery, one Wolita the great grandson of King Tona, Hilemariam Desalegne is ruling Ethiopia. Of course Tona to you and narrow minded people like you who don’t know their history sounds like an insult, because your historical references are the 500 Ethiopians and the rest of Ethiopians you consider them, Gala, Wolamo and Tigre. So Abi cool down Tona is part of your true history and be proud of it.

  • Mahmud Saleh

    The online proxy wars

    Firstly AT has done a good job at giving readers the context of this “hot news.” I agree insofar as the professionalism is concerned, and I take the following sentence as the theme of the news analysis here at AT.
    “We are simply stating that the claims made thus far are dubious sources with questionable credibility.”

    Radio Medrek today stated that 900 Eritrean soldiers are deployed in Yemen citing its “sources.” And then you have the rumor mill in Addis, Anadolu news agency, which churns out fabricated news at the speed of light. Who is at the helm of the “news” alchemy factory, Mohamed Tewekel, who sees his fight against PFDJ through the same prism ELF cadres saw EPLF in the eighties. I have seen this man spins things, and clearly avails himself to the service of TPLF cadres. Look at this link, which has been the basis of all these frays,he mentions Eritrea as the entity having diplomatic ties. But so do Egypt and Jordan. Saudi Arabia may not have an embassy in Tel Aviv, but it has full intelligence coordination with Israel via USA intelligence agencies because they face the same Iranian and radical groups’ threat. So do many countries, not withstanding his outlandish claim that Eritrea hosts Israel’s military presence.
    http://www.aa.com.tr/en/world/analysis-eritrea-may-play-role-in-anti-houthi-campaign/49029

    Some Truth Bound Societies facts, unlike the “horn’s analysts”

    1. Eritrea has national interests in making Yemen stable. Unlike Somalia, for Eritrea, Yemen has a direct national interest. Houthis may have legitimate right to fight the centeral government in Sanaa, but the genesis and the direction of their movement and considering their backer and instigator, Iran, there is good chance that they are careers of foreign interests and that under their rule Yemen would certainly fragment and fall in chaos thereby creating a launching pad for AlQaEda and ISIS types of terrorist groups. Therefore, as a neighbor, Eritrea has an interest in the security of the region. Its security concern is no less than that of the countries of the region. The flipside of this is the rumor that Eritrea had backed the Houthis. Well, there is no evidence for that except few deluded Arab “scholars” who think of Eritrea as a renegade country for not entering the Arab league. However, I don’t support Eritreans to fight in Yemen. Eritrea situated strategically to participate in logistical and intelligence facilitations. It’s to the interest of Eritrea that a stable Yemen emerges out of this conflict.

    2. UAE naval base. Per Wikipedia: “The United Arab Emirates Navy is small force of about 2,500 personnel. It maintains 12 well-equipped coastal patrol boats and eight missile boats.” That’s why UAE is at odd with harassing Iran. Because Iran is few miles on the other side, and it does not want Iran harassed in case unwanted war breaks in which UAE will be the first casualty. With this negligible naval force, it’s absurd to think UAE wants to lease the pport of Assab for naval interest. UAE may be interested to lease Assab for pure commercial reasons, and that’s perfectly fine, We will need to talk about what deal has Eritrea made and not whether Eritrea could lease its ports. We don’t know if it is true let alone to jump on making judgments on how terrible it is. First we need to know if there is a deal, then we have to look at the deal before making judgments. I feel the AT team is cognizant of this basic logic.
    3. Radio Medrek also added the “sale” of Gurgusum to the UAE. For foreign awatistas, Gurgusum is a small peninsula across to the north of the port of Massawa, it ised to be a naval base. Again, without jumping into prejudicial judgments, let’s see on the merit of leasing. Leasing ports is not new. Actually, DP (the UAE holding) manages ports across the world (http://web.dpworld.com/); at one time during GW Bush presidency, it was poised to manage most of the major ports of the USA. The deal was sold to a USA entity due to political wrangling, partly due to domestic economic interests and partly due to Islamophobia, after the attack of September 11, 2001.
    4.Hence, if there is an agreement between the government of Eritrea and the UAE regarding ports, it is safe to say that it hinges on pure commercial matters. It is conceivable that for the time being Asab could be used for military purpose because of its strategic closeness to Yemen, but the “thirty years naval base agreement” is just baseless; it shows how ignorant the chemists of the rumor mill in Addis are, the tentacles of the so called “Horn of Africa member state.”
    5. There are “facts” which should be given equivalent to the credibility of the “fact” manufacturers and modifiers. The truth is the Ports of Eritrea are opening for business. The TBS had hinted some time ago that Eritrea should realign itself with world politics. It should break free from the noose Addis and its party girls have been skillfully tightening. The gateway to the world, ironically is Washington and Langley. If true, this is the single most smart decision PFDJ has made. Eritrea should forget the anticipation or the prospect that its ports are dependent on Ethiopia as much as Ethiopia has written off the use of our ports. If true, perhaps, UAE also has struck a gold mine as Eritrean ports will be more attractive to transit services. It will also take out politics out of business. It could well be the establishment of wider orbits. The more Eritrea gets away from Ethiopian wrongly perceived notion that it could not stand on its feet without Ethiopia, the more peace will nearer between the two nations. Enduring peace and cooperation can be hammered out only between two or more independent entities who enter the arrangement willingly and believing it ensures their mutual interest. Peace can never be achieved between a bully and a bullied.
    Special Edition of TBS.
    6. Eritreans fight for change will better served when justice seekers stay away from rumors and focus on domestic issues. The more they stay away from the mill in Addis

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear Mahmuday,

      you can’t reconcile with me and people like me while still try to bring here the past crime of PFDJ. see, People are not so ignorant to accept your honey covered poison . while the topic is about that “hot news” and about finding the reality, it is has nothing to do with ELF and it’s members. I don’t know why you keep attaching and associating everyone who is against your party with ELF.

      I do agree with your advice on no.6 and yes ended we should make sure of news coming so not to spend our time and energy. in fact I am among people who just fallow the situation but I have a clear stand on that. before giving my unshakable stand on this issue even if Eritrea’s interference is correct or not, let me assure you Assab those days is full of Kebsa and Mendi- Saudi Arabia is there and this is just an information from trusted source – I trust my party more than any one.

      PFDJ and here mother EPLF will never tell you and even may deny if possible as they have done it when they were fighting with my front bringing full power of TPLF- (TPLF that you try to tell us is your enemy – when they rejected you president to be a king of Ethiopia). in my party and all those who were and are against EPLF leadership (and never came down since ever) the ethics of struggle is clear and will never be changed – interfering and supporting one against the other in other nations differences is a crime. at the end of the day Saudi Arabia and yemen are two sister countries – yahabeshi.

      Now, you keep talking and it seems you forgot you are defending PFDJ. you know why? you are still PFDJ supporter and you couldn’t hide yourself anymore. for true justice lovers, PFDJ have no any legal ground to do things. they can’t decide since the group is not chosen by people and don’t have any legal system that they fallow.

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Selam KS
        Gracias. I read it, and believe me, this is beyond your simplistic and bipolar world. Whether you consider me a PFDJ or what not is not relevant to me. As far as your statement that you couldn’t reconcile with me, that’s up to you. Frankly, the two sign post are serving me navigating this treacherous waters very well. When I rattle the emotions of either group (PFDJista or wayanista, or both) I know I’m right. My compass needle stands at 90 degree, and it is pointing to Asmara Pole.

        • Kokhob Selam

          Dear Mahmuday,
          it is good you read it. I am more than happy but there are innocent people who might misunderstand me and it is good I delete it. Keep serving PFDJ, you are exposed badly Mahmuday.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Mahmuday,

      I don’t like self-aggrandizement taking yourself as truth bound commentator. I would like you just to say simply your views and people will see it whether your view have a truth in it or not. It is not our culture.

      Second Whether we like it or not the politics of the countries in our region can not be seen without the context of geopolitics of the region so also our politics. Our domestic politics can not be divorced from the geopolitics of the region. It is misleading to advice us just to focus to our domestic politics.

      Third defending the regional policy of PFDJ and claiming as “truth bound justice seeker” are contradictory by its nature – therefore you need political clarity for your political identity.

      Regards,
      Amanuel Hidrat

    • Semere Andom

      Hi Mahmuday:

      “The chemists of the rumor mill”, I like that: Inheriting from Tigrayit and Arabic you are so expressive in English. You and Bitweded Abraha either did not learn the PFDJ Tigriniya or you abandoned it, although you some time with the sole purpose of bringing me here have used it 😉

      Notwithstanding that we need to base our news on facts, not from love of PFDJ but for our love of our cause, this comments assumes, insinuate that PFDJ is working in the best interest of Eritrea. A handful men, are deciding the face of Eritrea. There is no national interest, or national strategic interest, everything PFDJ does is for its survival, the survival of its crimes. If there is perceived national interest of anything PFDJ does is unintended by product.

      PFDJ, representing Eritrea will be mired in the regional politics and I hope Ethiopia and the world is watching. If we had a government and it deemed it in the best interest of Eritrea to intervene in Yemen, then that is life, or more appropriately life in the horn. Eritrean life will be squandered in the plains of Yemen as they did in Congo to guard the diamonds for IA and Ambassador Andebrhan. I do not blame the soldiers for not standing up, because I know that they have been herded from behind by well fed, well groomed, well paid “hagerwai Dihnet’ forces.

      I think you should write about how PFDJ is sending our young to die in wars that does not belong to them, you have the connection and back ground to do that and do not equate IA’s hobbies with Eritrea’s interests

      • Abraham Hanibal

        Selam Semere,

        Can’t be said better than you put it. By now, it should be crystal clear to anyone that whatever the PFDJ does with Isayas at the helm is contrary to both short term and long term interests of the Eritrean people. To expect something positive would transpire from the policies of this regime is naive at best, delusional at worst.

    • Ted

      Hi the greatest MS, Eritrea as always pitch the curveball to the world and “the opposition”;-semere Andom copy cats;-) Some might say it is a quanadreme or catch 22 where the prerequisite( wrongdoing) cannot be obtained until the original requirement( destabilizing Eritrea) is met although the requirement that cannot be met until a prerequisite requirement is met. Here i give you a few out of many posers Weyane and their handlers got stumped on.,

      Drain Eritreans youth( country) by indiscriminate political asylum approval. This issue was controversial from the beginning, as we all know, young and old – including from Agame and Gojam- swarmed through sinai desert and mediterranean ocean to suffocate Europe shores. How do Europeans react? Exactly,No way!!!! Europeans, once up in arms in the vilification of Eritrea Gov, has a second thought when Eritreans and all got in their door steps in thousands asking for asylum. They reckon, may be 200 plus millions dollars might do the job. And the opposition goes, NOOOOOOOOOO!!!!

      It has been the talk of the town Ethiopia;The ex-communist prodigal child of the West who overcome poverty once for all with 10% growth for decades, now to be known as democratic country with no resistance or armed opposition whatsoever(Obama, by extension the UN, UNSC and the world),is in tight spot when it comes getting their Eritrea story straight . When the monitoring group want to accuse Eritrea for harbouring Ethiopian armed opposition, turns to be faux pas where the peaceful democratic country happen to have armed opposition (20 thousand of them) and hungry again. Molla Asegedom, in the pickle situation, didn’t know who he want to please, the TPLF thugs who want us to believe TPDM /G7 are all gone or the SEMG with sharp pencils ready to take his words Eritrea as destabilizing force arming thousands.

      Iran or Arabs/Israel using Assab port is another head twisting conundrum to unravel. As we all know US( by the extension UN) approved the invasion of Yemen by Arab coalition. If we were to believe the recent report from US and SEMG, it affiliated Eritrea with the coalition in assisting it with whopping 400 troops and logistics. So where did Eritrea went wrong in the whole scheme of things. If the narration to work, Eritrea has to be with Hutie/Iran, isn’t it?.

      What gives? did Eritrea pull the rug out from under their leg with all this and more. As they say Endure and persist; this pain will turn to good by and by.

      • Semere Andom

        Dear Ted:

        Slowly but surely you are confusing things. To avoid confusion I will say these in a distilled manner

        1. Eritrea does not need help from any one when it comes to destabilizing itself. She is good at it. Actually it worked hard for 25 years to excel at that. It perfected it. It can export it, but the proceeds will not be for the interest of Eritrea

        2. About the Agames and Gojams drowning in the high seas. Yes, but we, the copy cats are talking bout proportions: given the Ethiopian numbers how many are facing that fate. Even Canadians, white Canadians are dying to fight ISIS and I am not talking about in a mission but individual volunteers. So brining negligible numbers of Agams and Gonders dying in the sea is dishonest at best. Work on it. If you give it1 hour a week you will perfect honesty in 2016;-)

        3. About the TPDM; I told you before in Eritrea we have this saying; “when darkness falls the hyenas go back to the woods and the humans comeback to his kin” Molla, like Saleh Said,, converted the potential energy stored in the “spring” into kinetic energy for motions. And one day you will wake up when the rest of “agame’ do the same

        4. Get over the glaring fact that the “Agame” left Eritrea to dust, Ethiopia like any African country has risk of disintegrating, but again we talk about odds and probability and so Eritrea under PFDJ and if it continues under its old same ways, has more chance to fail

        • Ted

          Hi, semere
          1, For all dismay, shock, agony ,pain and hurt of Weyane, Eritrea is still standing
          2. The Europeans and US don’t give a hoot if IA roast a puppy on a stick if their needs are met. They are willing to work with him(200 million) while you still barking Weyane weyim mot.
          3,TPDM is not even mentioned in SEMG, Eritrea can feed monsters and dragons if it wants to.
          4. Agame is the land of decent people. We are told from agame insider it will name Adigrat University to Agame university. It is about time they reclaim it rightful status.
          Basically you got nothing, nada, zilch,zip against the people of Eritrea as things crumble in front of your face.
          How is the new IA is ISIS chant working for you. You Don’t want to see Europeans shaking hands with IA/ISIS in Asmara Shikore.

          • Semere Andom

            Ted:
            An intoxicated man who is staggering is also walking so Eritrea is standing barely. Apt description would be crawling or standing with cane.
            Shaking hands with IA, I like it, because when the time ripens like they did to Gaddaffi and Saddam t he giving hand will bite the begging hand. The hand shake may inject some life but it will not serve for IA’s longevity

          • Ted

            Hi, semere, i am glad you removed yourself from justice movement ” like they did …. ” who are “they”? you are liability even for your handlers. As always you mix things up. We are about Eritrea and you, the vindictive breeds are about IA. Even post IA, i will make it my life mission you to be known as Weyane lover with maximum penalty;-0 )

          • Semere Andom

            Hi Ted;
            I made it (past tense) my mission you to branded as a loverof IA and go ahead make your mission and let us see who comes a winner,those who equate PFDJ and IA with the people or those who demarcate the not so fine line;-)

          • Nitricc

            Hi Semere, obviously you have no clue with what is going on; the minute you compare PIA with Gadafi and Sadam, it makes you look foolish. Try to analyze things with out emotions and from its roots. If not go ahead scream from your bottom of your lung.

          • Semere Andom

            Ok Dr. Gen; Nitricc,
            why dont you tell me the difference between all three
            IA is was ever elected and he kills his people people so did both Gaddafi and Saddam. Both slept with USA and the west at one time or an other and both received hand shakes, kisses and money from the west and were killed by the west. Both arab dictators were sanctioned (sanctions were imposed) by the west
            your turn?

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Semere,
            allow me to disagree with you on this one. there is a big different here. those you mention had practical people who fought for them. and those guys die in their stand in front of the world. our domestic cat is crying to get more space and to be over others like Ethiopia and he don’t have any catalog like that green book. and he don’t have supporters who will save him at all also still he don’t have people who should remove him too. again PIA is nice if today US will call him and give him instruction he will be very happy and say “aybelnakumn endo”. Lol.

          • Nitricc

            Hey Ted, hahahah that is what kills the likes of Semere. Please try to understand them; they don’t know the roots of the matter. They just cheer with every event.
            PIA supposed to go down after Forto, they cheered and screamed on every white man’s country and that amounted to nothing; then Geneva, NY, all that brought nothing and the man is stronger than ever. Due to the location of Eritrea, the scary part to the likes of Semere; who have no clues; is that PIA will be a major player on the horn Africa.

          • Semere Andom

            Nitricc ;
            your remission is over.All change is incremental and no demonstration or opposition goes without putting some dent. because it is invisible by people who need magnifying glasses does not mean,it failed. 10 years ago such demos was attended by 10 people. You and Ted and dawit can deny it
            It was africa who brought about the sanctions, EU may need IA to do their dirty work and his whorish nature will make him do anything thin for 200 million, but facts are indelible , his crimes are also cannot be erased and the future jobs in Era-Era may not materialize;-)

          • Nitricc

            Hi Semere. Again you are refusing to look at the truth. You keep avoiding the truth in order to satisfy your political mania. Africa can not feed itself let alone to rule sanction. If you want to know the truth, Africans are slave of the west and the westerners have their favorite slave. Your master, Melles Zenawi – : ) was a chosen slave of the USA. Melles begged his masters to do something against Eritrea. And your spoiled Rice cooked the sanction and the sanction was passed illegally. You are very dishonest person to claim that the sanction was the work of Africans.

          • Semere Andom

            Nitricc:
            You keep repeating without explaining. You know my stand on Africa,you disagreed with me now, you making my point
            either way, Eritrea under IA and the supporters, you know who they are has been screwed. There is no higher, some spiritual divine message to that. The process by which the African did that we can debate
            me and you need to settle in a boxing match after we drink tea in teh presence of Mahmuday as a referee. But remember Haile TG is my trainer;-)

          • tes

            Dear Ted,

            you are saying, “For all dismay, shock, agony ,pain and hurt of Weyane, Eritrea is still standing” Aùazing rubish sentence.

            You my friend Ted, you are an amazing funny!

            By the way your dear Mahmu Saleh is in his usual hallucination.

            tes

          • Ted

            Hi tes, add yourself to the dismayed groups. How long have you been barking and aligning yourself with all vindictives, extremists and regionalist with out discrimination. You are paying for it now, became clueless to know how to fight PFDJ except to go everywhere clapping behind CIO and UN to do your job.. Who is hallucinating now?

          • tes

            Dear Ted,

            Very true! I don’t discriminate.

            It is you and likes that you call the justice seeking people as “vindictives, extremists, and regionalists”. These are typical labeling of the PFDJ junta used against the opposition camp. I buy none of these defamations. Because you are doing what you have to do, and if you call me as such, let it be. I know who I am and what I advocate for. I have no right to call and label like you and your junta pratice. Here is your exposed discriminatory words:

            “Vindctive, extremists, and regionalists”.

            I buy none of these. They are typical PFDJ defamation campaign and so are you. Exposed naked friend of killers Ted, the funny junta cadre at awate.com.

            tes

  • T..T.

    Hi all,

    So, Isayas finally found a way to escape the UN punishment for his crimes against humanity. But, unfortunately, the self-inflicting Isayas soon will provoke Djibouti into action and the Djiboutians have the right to distrust the Qatari peace keeping forces stationed in the disputed border area. The Djiboutians may even refer the case afresh back to the UNSC on the ground the mediating country (Qatar) is biased towards the aggressor (Isayas).

    On the other hand, to balance off its position, Djibouti may also nominate Ethiopia as its only trusted representative in the mediation, thus forming bi-mediators (Ethiopia and Qatar) as the go-between Eritrea and Djibouti. After all, the alliance between the GCC countries and Isayas is based on fake concerns over the Houthis’ advances and goals, which is almost now resolved through UN mediation. Similarly, Isayas’ health is deteriorating and he may not last two months. So, here’s a good timeline match with one very sick on watchful waiting to die and the other on watchful waiting to be resolved soon.

  • Dear All,

    Few days ago somebody had brought as a major development that the Emirates were going to lease the port of Assab for 30 yrs. I was pondering on this news trying to explain why an oil-rich country of five million, with its security and economy completely tied to the West would want to show its geopolitical muscle. In addition, one is forced to ask the economic interests the Emirates might have in mind in leasing Assab.
    The small oil-rich countries of the Gulf are in a permanent danger of facing the fate of Kuwait from the regional
    giant Iran and the now real monsters who are terrorizing the region, Al Qaida, ISIS and nobody knows who is waiting in line. Moreover, as the security of Saudi Arabia is under the umbrella of the West, it is not far-fetched to say that the security of Emirates is tied to that of Saudi Arabia. Therefore, security-wise, the Emirates will be where Saudi Arabia will stand.
    As much as economic investment is concerned, investing in the port of Assab is going to have no returns for Emirates. On the contrary, it is good for the regime in Asmara, as the author pointed out; some money and some oil to help the economy and improve electricity production and the rest. The relations between Iran and the US are improving lately, and Iran’s interest for Assab for its navy seems less likely. The other power that might
    have some interest in the region is Russia. In this case, the risk to a small country like Eritrea, meddling in the politics of world powers will be equal to playing with fire.
    Therefore, Emirates’ presence in Assab, if it is really there, seems to be temporary, mainly to show its support
    for Saudi Arabia with whom it has similar worries, and its belief that al Qaida and ISIS should not be allowed to set foot in the region.
    The role DIA may play is unpredictable as usual. It is difficult to say that the egotistical emperor of the horn would not be happy to see the whole region on fire, simply to show that he is still relevant.

  • Abraham Hanibal

    Selamat Awatistas,

    Breaking News!

    1) Meskerem is reporting the resignation of Mr. Mesfin Hagos from his position at the EPDP.

    2) The PFDJ regime has issued a declaration to issue new Nakfa currency, making it almost impossible for one person to withdraw/ or be in possession of Nakfa 20,000 in cash at a time.

    • haileTG

      Selamat Abraham,

      # 1 Please don’t quote Alem Goytom as reporter… ምስ ጫምኡ ከይሓድር:-)

      #2 I heard this news yesterday on links shared in social media. Now I will be frank here, the intervention in the financial sector (especially currency exchange & circulation) is long over due. The way this proclamation is constructed, it will leave many traders in limbo, that is because they too “had to / chose to” engage in an unlawful receiving, circulating and transferring the legal tender issued by the Bank of Eritrea. Do we know what precipitated the regime to do this now? I for one, I am not sure, however we need to know that such measure will be the only way to bring the rampant problem under control. In other words, even if a new government comes in, I don’t think they can avoid taking that bitter medicine of leaving many with a heap of worthless old Nakfa. I am not saying this is why the regime is doing it (it may have a different problem that only concerns it and its front companies) but eventually the current situation would have been unsustainable and you would need to sacrifice someone or something to bring it to stop. Obviously, the regime should have been responsible and held to account but it is targeting others (mostly traders) to wash-away its miserable track record in making the problem in the first place.

      Regards

      • Kokhob Selam

        Dear Halat,
        That problem will still be there after some months if the case you are mentioning is the reason. even if there is other reason it will never be solved. The first problem is the party is not capable of leading at all. the problem of administrating is the 2nd case. the group miss all the knowledgeable people in all fields. again the first problem is that leadership is corrupted and it is difficult to fight corruption. I am wondering how the honest man under this group is living! above all legality is important in leading such nation specially in today’s world.

      • Fnote Selam

        Haile,

        #2, even if we take the action of GoE with good faith, eventually the same problems will pop up without any reform to just about everything the current government governs to Eritrea.

        FS

      • Abraham Hanibal

        Selamat Haile TG,

        1) Regarding the news about Mesfin Hagos, I tried to confirm it from other news sources, but could not find a mention of it as yet elsewhere; we’ve just to wait and see.

        2) Regarding the release of new Nakfa, the PFDJ-regime is probably trying to control the amount of money circulating in the market and hence the rampant inflation; but as you said it is too late, and the wrong medicine for the illness. As we know the country has essentially been running on black market for years now, and the people have been surviving on diaspora remittances. Even the PFDJ operatives and their affiliated traders were involved in this destructive transactions, seriously damaging the country’s economy. The measure may have a positive effect in controlling the galloping prices in the short term, but it would not resolve the economic desaster, because the source is mismanagement and widespread corruption within the regime.

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear Abrham,
      1) If true that is wise choice, what he should do I think now is forgive himself for being criminal and find peace organizations to serve poor people.
      2)the sign of death and hopelessness.

      • Abraham Hanibal

        Dear Kokhob Selam,

        1) I know that you are against anything/anyone that had/has to do with the EPLF/PFDJ. But do you seriously think that such a vengeful and irreconcilable entrenched attitude like that of yours would take us anywhere to the better? If that was the case, we would have been on the path towards removing the dictatoship by now; however the opposition seems to be regressing backwards for each day that passes. We really need to seriously examine our behaviour if we are going to wage a meanigful resistance to the Isayas regime.

        2) I agree.

        • Kokhob Selam

          Dear Abraham,
          Yes, no other way can solve our problem. I know it is tough stand but I was saying it long very long back. those who are smooth on the subject were majority. but you and me has witnessed no fruit was seen. they all have gone except the opportunists among them. PFDJ will never make peace – take my words. before, I was respecting those who say other wise thinking I might be wrong. but every single day pass I see my stand is correct. PFDJ will only let innocent die unnecessarily and everyone should be careful in taking stand. for your information PFDJ only can hear you and comedown if you break their head – that is simply their nature. so forget reconciliation with anyone who is attached with this group.

          • Abraham Hanibal

            Selam Kokhob S.

            There is some basic difference between your and my approach. You see the PFDJ as a meanigful organization with properly functioning entities. I see it as a project of a mad man and a bunch of his henchmen. For me the great majority of the people who have been or are serving the regime for various reasons are also agents of change. I do not believe a certain party or group should have a monopoly for the agenda of struggle against Isayas. I believe in give and take, in reconciliation, and in working together for the common better future.

          • Saleh Johar

            Type your reply…Dear Abraham,
            This issue of “PFDJ members are also struggling agains PFDJ” is just an non issue and I don’t understand why make it a wedge issue! Simply put, if members of the PFDJ want to struggle against the PFDJ, they no body has the right to stop them and no one will, even if they could. Pfdj members are not confoirmed “agents of change” but potential, just potential earning which you cannot spend befoore earning it. We have a school of thought that believs the moment Isaias is gone, all problems associated with the ruling party will be resolved, others believe the the problems will be easily solvable but not totally resolved. I believe the PFDJ should be completely Weeded-out dismantled. At least we know each others position and it should be left there, trying to recruit others to this or that position using missionary tactics is counter-productive.
            It’s true many people “are serving the regime for various reasons,” but that is not a reason to give the regime a carte-blanche, we should declare, in principle, that everyone involved in crimes should be brought to justice, or, that the would-be true agents of the expected change should preferably adopt a political solution to the PFDJ quagmire for the sake of reconciliation.

            Emphasizing on issues of defending the PFDJ members in the middle of a fight between the oppressed and their PFDJ oppressors, is counter productive. At the end, they are part of Eritrea and no one should pretend to care more for them than the other.

          • Abraham Hanibal

            Selam Saleh Johar,

            Sorry for the belated reply. First when I speak of PFDJ I’m speaking of the individuals that make up the organization. My personal position regarding the organization as a whole is clear; call it weed out, dismantle or other term, the organization cannot and should not continue in its current form. However, I do not condemn all those people within the organization and deny them their right to struggle against or even try to reform the organization, simply because the country belongs to all of us. You said, “…if members of the PFDJ want to struggle against the PFDJ, they no body has the right to stop them and no one will, even if they could”. I agree with the first part of this statement, but not the last part; of course, one could deny the PFDJ people to join their organizations; but they (the PFDJ people) could in that case form their own arenas for struggle and it should not be a problem.

            Now, I’m not “trying to recruit others to this or that position” or “defending the pfdj members”, what I’m saying is the wholesale criminalization and condemnation is unhelpful. The best option would be to reach out to each other and agree on consensus; but if that is not possible then people have to struggle within the organizations and entities they wish, and it is better to focus on ones own agenda and ways of struggle instead of spending the time on defamations and infightings across the groups. If there is anyone who benefits from this meanigless squabbles, it is only the dictator.

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Dear Abraham
            You are absolutely right. There good people on both sides (opposition and hgdf). Unfortunately, our activists see the solution to the PROBLEM only in the act of defection . They want every one to defect. According to them, the solution to Eritrea’s problems tends to lie on turning Eritrea inside-out (TBS).

          • Abraham Hanibal

            Dear Mahmud Saleh,

            In fact it seems defection is not enough, it sounds more of once EPLF/PFDJ always EPLF/PFDJ. In the words of Ato Amanuel Hidrat, there is deep-rooted mistrust within the entities of the opposition; of course, you know where this mistrust emanates from; it is all the same old ELF/EPLF rivalry. It seems that wound can never be healed, especially when seen from the side of the ELF, which was eventually forced out of the field of struggle. The current Eritrean generation has to divorce itself form this decades old infighting and work for a new Eritrea, because from our experience so far, this status quo is not going to take the opposition a single step forward.

          • Saleh Johar

            Abraham,
            I think you need to divorce the old feud, you are in it and I don’t think you showed an example of how it should be divorced, because you bring it repeatedly.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Haw Abraham,

            What I have said repeatedly is that the deep mistrust is not only in the political organizations, it is deep in our society. The highland and the lowland the Muslim and the Christian are always at the opposite ends. Believe it or deny it – this is reality. We need hard and sincere talk to bridge this reality. At least I am committed to tell you the truth of our reality for I do have good communication with both sides. In fact both sides are not bold enough to say openly. They just avoid each other and talk only in their comfort zone. So if you want to reconfirm my reading do your own research by communicating both communities.

            Regards
            Amanuel Hidrat

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Abraham,

            I understand that. I will respect your take. it could have been good stand if the ex supporters were from other type of party but not PFDJ. Why? PFDJ’s case is different and needs tough method . and even as Kokhob it is better not to reconcile. most of the parties who allow and open their way to PFDJ supporters are contaminated as you can’t easily see who is really spy and and see also the following points.

            1 – as every PFDJ supporter is modified to monopolize and most of those guys pretend and show but are not willing to say “I have been mistaken” for being PFDJ.

            2- the reason for leaving PFDJ if is it is not for spy then you will find them as individuals are dead dictators who have been thrown by their master – of course IA don’t allow to see them on top. and when just you open for them the way in your party or start to go for win- win solutions, you will find them they will never go much distance but work for win- loose.

            3- Most of them don’t believe the mass is the owner and still are programmed to serve PFDJ and in hot situation, they will emotionally take side and support PFDJ.

            4.most of supporters (educated once) have bad history and crime recorded.etc.

            This is a challenge just see and examine what I am saying with each (even loved one) you will find it in them all.

            the other difference we have you and me is, you still think PFDJ is a small group. or one man. no my friend no. PFDJ is not small group and it is even the result of our way. the first struggle we should do is within each us I think we have done that to some level. there are certain things that opens the way for PFDJ. one of the things is your nature for example.. you are too kind and you still open a way for PFDJ supporters and you become the victim. it is the Idea that should be destroyed and needs a great challenged party. not unity and those nice words. unity with whom? that is nonsense time consuming talk. when you hold your gun right in the field, you are already united. no single Ex -PFDJ will hold his gun and fight against PFDJ – take my words. all those meetings and talks will not help much. if ex supporter is for truth, at least he should be quite when the hero fight right in the field.

            NO FOR RECONCILIATION WITH ALL PFDJ SUPPORTERS TILL THE END OF PFDJ’s era is my stand.

  • Fnote Selam

    Dear Awate Team,

    I don’t agree with your pic analysis. If you look at google maps, the similarity between google map and the Stratfor pic is remarkable. Also, the Stratfor image cant be from back 90s or before that (based on your insinuation that the warship could be that of US or Soviet), there are obvious structural changes that occurred in Assab since then that would have been present/absence in google maps.

    Not saying, the whole story is correct, but your image analysis is not convincing….

    Best,

    FS.

    • Hi Fnote Selam,

      Thank you for the comment.

      Please note the following: 1) google earth is not helpful for comparing the images (Google Earth displays the best available imagery, most of which is one to three years old.) That is
      we provided the relevant links at the bottom of the article to help you compare. 2) Though google is a major provider of satellite imagery, there are premium quality or real time images that they provide to governments, intelligence outfits and other corporate customers could not be similar to the freebie that everyone gets.

      You mentioned “obvious structural changes”, but we are not concerned with that unless it is relevant to the topic, proving the Strafor image are current, meaning real. If it is, please share what they are and why you think they are relevant, and how they make the Strafor image credible. But we couldn’t find any “obvious structural changes” in the sheds, the berths, or the quality of the street, or the old cranes.

      Check the two links we provided and take it from there. If you do not find a difference, sorry, we cannot help you.

      • Fnote Selam

        Hi Team Awate,

        although still not convinced of the pic analysis, I really appreciate you for taking your time to explain your point of view.

        Thanks!

        FS.

  • dawit

    Dear All,
    I am really surprised by the under reporting by SEMG of Eritrean troops in Yemen. Only 400 troops? I think that must be a typo, they missed a couple of zeros. At least they should have reported 4000 minimum. If you are lying why do you want to be conservative in your numbers?
    On renting Asab to any one that can use it be it commercial or military use is a great idea. Eritrea cashing its strategic location. It is better to use Asab for as international Naval Base, than keeping as a ‘Watering hole for camels”. I love the news! Long Live PIA, the great military strategist in the Horn of Africa!

    • Nitricc

      Hi dawit; for once PFDJ is getting smart. the trap is on and the stupid SEMG is falling for it. credit when it is due. the SEMG are so eager to find any wrong doing by the Eritrean government and then the Eritrean government came up with brilliant idea, even the great awate.com sending for fishing, guessing and speculations.
      PFDJ is on and alive, believe it or not.

  • Hope

    Auguri,the AT:
    The Article confirmed few things:
    -That Eritrea has been the worst VICTIM of Defamation,Fabrications and Falsehoods!
    -That it brutally confirmed that the SEMG is not only a Liar but a Mercenary Group set up to:

    a)set up Eritrea
    b)demonize Eritrea
    c)to contain and isolate Eritrea
    d)thereby Sanction Eritrea based on lies and here says !

    That is exactly what Mrs. Asmera Rose have been doing: EXPOSE the Lies and the Sponsors of the Lies!

    Welcome to the Club!

    As to joining the GCC Aliance,well,if it is for the best interest of Eritrea and her National Security Interest,the GoE does not need the blessing of the Hailes,the teses,etc!

    The Good News though:
    Forget about the Warships and the Tanks and the Naval Bases but care more about the Aseb Port’s Great Potential to be the ” Pearl of the Southern Red Sea ” be it through the UAE,the Chinese or the Qataris!

    The losers:
    The same bloody enemies of Eritrea- the CIAs,the Weyenti ,the Strafers et al,the Fake Professors,the fake Think-Tankers,the Fake Xperts,etc….

    And much more to come,to the dismay of the same Enemies:

    -Aseb Port will be the most Lurative Free Zone
    -The BEST and lucrative Hub of Tourism!

    And more is coming;”:
    -The Culluli and Bada Potash Boom is coming and will booooom for more than 200 yrs!’
    – Finland with one pf the BEST EDUCATION SYSTEM in the world is taking over the Education Improvement of Eritrea!

    Viva Eritrea!
    Shiheqqua Kalsina entenewhe klemtimali ,awetna dimma ghiddin eyyu kemtimali!
    Eritrea and ERITREANS will PREVAIL!
    Let the DOGS BARK. But the Camels of the Aseb Port will keep marching

    • Hope,
      If it helps you, please remember that we are all for sanctioning the un-elected regime of Eritrea. We know the difference between safeguarding Eritrean interests and the interests of the ruling clique. Remember that, always. We have nothing to do with your type of bravado and jingoism, and that of the regime supporters–that is not us at all. Eritrea would not have been a victim if not for the unethical, the unjust and the unrefined warlike politics of the PFDJ. Learn how to make the distinction.

      • dawit

        Awate Moderator,
        Do you mean “Smart Sanction” that can isolate PFDJ and Non-PFDJ members of Eritrean society?

        • dawit

          Dear Awate Moderator,
          If you can’t help me I can understand it may beyond you league. I think I will try to ask Sofia TM, she may have some clue to the riddle of “Smart Sanction”. But thanks for your effort.

  • አዲስ

    Hi Awate Team,

    Thanks for the summary and the call for more scrutiny when reporting such matters.

    I have one question,

    About the Eritrean government, you stated: “Firstly, it wants to show the West that it is an indispensable ally in the Horn of Africa, even if it has to manufacture alliances that do not exist.”

    Are you suggesting that the west is so gullible that it can’t even do what you just did ( comparing the Strafor image with that of Streetviewonline) and determine if the claim is true or not?

    Thanks,
    Addis

    • Dear Addis,

      If you discount the entire article to the images, you are absolutely right. However, you have to consider the West is not limited to its formal institutions, it includes the “gullible” and those who have made the Eritrean case a career portfolio, not a life and death issue of the suffering citizens. And you would wonder how gullible some of the outlets and the so-called regional experts who are counted as “The West”, are! However, a few are not gullible at all; they are just dishonest. If a news item is untrue, but serves their interest, they look the other way and chuckle, “Third World dummies, they wouldn’t know the difference anyway, and who cares!”

      We believe that the Eritrean government is mainly sanctioned because it raises its nose on everybody who comes in contact with it, it doesn’t know the meaning of diplomacy and cooperation–and how to stop its mischief. And that posture needs to be maintained–there is a target audience beyond the “West”. Basically, the regime is waging a propaganda war and we decided to take to task anyone who is so lazy to scrutinize news, and so careless to carry out due diligence–including the opposition, allies, and anyone in between. The editorial is about shabby reporting and spreading out of deceitful and misleading information. We want to hold everyone (including ourselves) accountable; we will challenge any such information that we come across.

      In short, the editorial is not about the image, but more about shabby (and shady) reporting.

      Thank you for your input.

      • አዲስ

        Hi Awate Team,

        I have acknowledged your call for more scrutiny in reporting and thanked you for it. Meaning I am not discounting what the editorial is about.

        I have focused on the image because it looks to me that’s the only investigation you did about the issue. Others issues you raised are skepticism. For example you’ve stated that this whole issue starts with Anadolu agency’s reporting and others kept repeating it. That doesn’t necessarily makes it unreliable. That’s unless your sources or investigations indicate that the sources cited by Anadolu are not credible. One way of checking the reliability of Anadolu’s reporting is to see if the claims can be corroborated by other independent sources(which you indicated they aren’t). That’s true at the beginning but the SEMG report suggest that’s the case. Mind you its sources are not Tesfa News only.

        You finally drew your conclusion and indicate that the claim is false because Asmara still suffers from power outages. This looks logical since one of the benefits of siding with Saudis is getting fuel. But that’s just one benefit and the absence of it doesn’t make the claim false. It’s just not enough in my opinion.

        This on top of your suggestion that Strafor may have falsely used an old image to validate its reporting. That may be the case but your image analysis and comparison are a bit a bit light for me to suggest that.

        In conclusion, I applaud your call for due-diligence and scrutiny in reporting such matters but it looks to me that you want this issue (Eritrea’s involvement with Saudi in Yemen) not to be true and reaching out to discredit it.

        Thanks,
        Addis

  • Zeray Haben

    As to the foreign navy presence why speculate now when we shall know soon. There is nothing significant that is hidden.

  • T..T.

    Hi all,

    In fact, Izat (voice of) Waqwaq of Danakalia was the first to report upon the arrival of a landing ship, at Assab Port, that delivered huge UAE tanks. The station described each of the tanks as air-conditioned with 60 inch TV as well as with a relaxing room. The station added that Isayas, if given one, would turn the relaxing room into XXXXXX. The station also quoted a source that the Arab Gulf countries were in prime duty to see Isayas protected from Saana Forum members or the Saana Alliance, who are a threat to the Arab Gulf countries, as well.

    • dawit

      Hi TT,
      I think there is some mistake about the 60 inch TV screen, actually the tank is furnished with IMAX screen, which is 90 ft by 70 ft.

  • Semere T Habtemariam

    Hi all,

    FYI: this is what Stratfor has published on its page:

    Yemen: Eritrean Official Denies Contributing Troops To Fight RebelsNovember 2, 2015 | 19:39 GMT

    According to an Eritrean government source, the country has not contributed troops to the Saudi-led coalition battling Houthi rebels in Yemen nor has the government been in contact with the Houthis. The denial contradicts a U.N. report that claims 400 Eritrean soldiers have been deployed to Yemen. Recent satellite images analyzed by Stratfor seem to corroborate the reports of Eritrea’s support for the Saudi-led coalition, though the nature of that support is still unclear.

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