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PM Abiy Acknowledges Challenges in Dealing with Isaias 

 

In an interview published on May 30, 2019, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed told the Voice of America, that the “Ethiopian opposition members who were based in Eritrea returned to Ethiopia, and Eritrean opposition members based in Ethiopia did not return to Eritrea.”

This is the first time PM Abiy Ahmed mentions there are Eritrean political opposition groups based in Ethiopia. However, he did not acknowledge the one-way exodus of  Eritreans to Ethiopia, or to neighboring countries, particularly to Ethiopia, nor the gross human rights violation by the Isaias regime.

Border Opening and Closing

One of the immediate and visible outcomes of the peace agreement that Isaias Afwerki and PM Ahmed Abiy signed last September included the opening of the borders and the lifting of restriction travel between the two countries.  However, land travel has been stopped while air travel remains open. Ethiopian Airlines has been operating an uninterrupted flight schedule since it started flying the Asmara-Addis Ababa route.

Following the opening of the border in September 2018, about 30,000 people left Eritrea to Ethiopia; most of them are housed in refugee camps in the Tigrai region of Ethiopia. According to a UNHCR report, despite the “rapprochement between Eritrea and Ethiopia”, about 5000 Eritreans have been leaving their country every month to take refugees in neighboring countries.

An Attempt on the Life of General Sebhat Efrem

On December 23, 2018, the Zalambessa-Serha border crossing was closed following the December 19, 2018, assassination attempt on the life of Sebhat Efrem, the only surviving four-star general in the Eritrean army and a veteran of the armed struggle. (The other four-star General, Ogbe Abraha, was jailed with the G-15 and in 2001 and is believed to have died in prison.)

A few days prior to the closure of the border crossing, social media platforms witnessed heightened activities by the supporters of the Eritrean regime accusing the Tigrai ruling party (TPLF) of plotting to “disrupt Eritrean security” and of masterminding the attempt on General Sebhat Efrem’s life.

TPLF is the archenemy of the Eritrean ruling party (PFDJ).

In the days leading to the 28th anniversary of the Independence Day, May 24, leaked information circulated indicating the Eritrean government will implement a system where Eritreans would need to acquire a travel permits to travel to Ethiopia, similar to permits required by travelers to Sudan. However, the May 24 anniversary passed without such an announcement.

Sources informed awate.com that the Eritrean government is insisting the Ethiopian side of the border crossing station be manned by the federal government instead by the the Tigrai regional government. The request is believed to be a ploy to distance the TPLF from the checkpoints. However, with the exception of a small portion that connects Eritrea to Ethiopia in the Afar region, in the southwest of Eritrea, the rest of the Eritrea-Ethiopia boundary borders the Tigrai region.

Challenges facing PM Abiy in dealing with Isaias

In the last three-months, the flurry of activities that first followed the signing of the peace agreement between Eritrea and Ethiopia has subsided.

Between Sept 2018 and March 2019, PM Abiy Ahmed and Isaias Afwerki have met at least ten- times. On the contrary, they have not met at all in the last three months. And so far, both countries have not reported of any development regarding the implementation of the agreement that Isaias and Abiy signed.

In his interview with the VoA, PM Abiy acknowledged that there is no normalization of the Eritrean politics, similar to that of Ethiopia.

Eritreans have not gained from the much-publicized agreement and not reaped anything from the promised peace dividends even in the form of either releasing prisoners who have been in jail without trial, some as long as 20 years, or in the form of other conciliatory and normalizing attempts. And after one year of  “rapprochement between Eritrea and Ethiopia”,  the Isaias regime has not shown any sign of loosening its grip on power  and has not embarked on any step towards reformation.

Financial Crunch

Three months ago,  PM Abiy noted the severe financial problems facing both Eritrea and Ethiopia. He stated  Ethiopia is burdened by a $42 billion debt it owes creditors and it will not take any more loans until it reduces its debt level. He also added that Eritrea doesn’t have the required funds to rehabilitate its port facilities and the highway that connects it to the Ethiopian border. Furthermore, he explained the Eritrean government has confirmed that the “road is damaged, [and] it hasn’t been operating for twenty years.’ And the [Eritrean] officials say’, “the road needs design, … funds to repair it, …. [and] there is no power and no cranes [in the port].”

Saudi Arabia and UAE, have promised heavy investments when they brokered the peace agreement between Isaias Afwerki and Abiy Ahmed. However, now they are having their own political and financial challenges, particularly due to the diplomatic problems created after the killing of Gemal Khashoggi, and the international condemnation that ensued in addition to the humanitarian disaster the Saudi-UAE war in Yemen has created.  It appears Saudi-Arabia and the UAE will have difficulty in financing the projects they promised to the two signatories.

To make matters worse, the delay and absence of the investment that Saudi Arabia and the UAE promised PM Abiy led him to visiting Qatar, a country boycotted by both Saudi Arabia and the UAE. Diplomatic sources said the visit has, particularly, annoyed Isaias, who had positioned himself as a bridge for PM Abiy to cross through to the Gulf states, and Isaias’s present patrons the Saudi and UAE. Until the Yemen crisis, Qatar used to be a close ally and patron of Isaias Afwerki.

It seems PM Abiy’s has slowly and gradually realized the challenges in dealing with Isaias and his initial enthusiasm is giving way to cautious moves in embracing the dictator more closely. It remains to be seen whether PM Abiy will recalibrate the political alliance he initially forged with Isaias to weaken the TPLF, one of the four-party ruling coalition in Ethiopia. Also, planning for the Ethiopian election scheduled for 2020, PM Abiy might not want to squander any more political capital in trying to convince Isaias to reform and play by the rules.

Also, PM Abiy must be following the regional development since he signed the agreement with Isaias in Sept 2018. The recent events  in Sudan, where Saudi and UAE are vying for more influence, the political calculus of the region has changed compared to the time when he signed the agreement with Isaias.

References:

  1. PM Abiy Ahmed’s interview with VoA (Check the 2:35 mark)
  2. Zalambessa-Serha Road Crossing Closed  (Dec. 23, 2018)
  3. An assassination attempt on the life of Sebhat Efrem (Dec. 27, 2018)

About Awate Team

The PENCIL is awate.com's editorial and it reflects the combined opinions of the Awate Team and not the individual opinion of team members.

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  • Nitricc

    Hi All; I am embarrassed and discombobulated beyond real. I am embarrassed, Mortified
    Ashamed and Discomfited by the people of Tigray. I just watched PMAA arriving in Axsum and the Tigryans gave a hero welcome to the so-called their enemy. All the talk for this? I am sorry but now the Amara and Oromo felt your fear and it is a matter of time before you know. All that talk for this…………………….OMG!!!! I used to think the Tigryans possesses a shared of pride and dignity, turns out they are nothing but talk.

    • Hameed Al-Arabi

      Ahlan Nitricc,

      I advise you if you accept it. Don’t be embarrassed but be reprogrammed by specialists who rehabilitate you to a matured human being. I guess, you were programmed in the past by unskilled guys. I hope you accept my advice.

      Al-Arabi

      • Gerogee

        Al arabiya

        Here We Go Again, coming to the defense of Woyane. Now who was programmed? You are the one who’s programmed to immediately attack Those Who attack enemy of Eritrean people.

        I can almost predict what you going to do. Because you already pre-programmed to come to the rescue of your beloved the blood-sucking tplf

        • Hameed Al-Arabi

          Ahlan Gerogee,

          Both Abie Ahmed and Debressein are Ethiopians. They compete to rule Ethiopia and this is their right. They agree to work in unison, and that is their national duty as Ethiopians. As an Eritrean I don’t interfere in Ethiopian issue to extent of hysteria. Now, my question is: Are you an Ethiopian thus you are too much obsessed by Ethiopian issues? I wonder, why you are ashamed to say that I am an Ethiopia and cross the border to your mother, Ethiopia.

          Al-Arabi

          • Nitricc

            Are you an Ethiopian thus you are too much obsessed by Ethiopian issues?

            Sunshine; what they decide will affect Eritrea’s national security. I don’t expect you to get but your dumbness is amazing. You are fake Muslim.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Nitricc,

            When my neighbors quarrel, I do good-offices to bring peace among them. You have to conceive, I don’t stand with one side and fight the other, for this is the works of the dumb. If you are an Ethiopian, do it openly. No need to claim that you are an Eritrean.

            Al-Arabi

          • Nitricc

            Hi Arabi; your problem is you think you are the most stable and educated one, the truth is you are nothing but fake Muslim. i wish i wasn’t Eritrean, it will be less burden dealing with your kind, ignorance individuals. To be Eritrean is a curse. One thing is true though, the man in power in Asmara knows you very well you guys and i am starting to understand why does what he does.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam Nitricc
            Earlier i was watching Q and A of 3A with “people” of axume and realized not just to be in one country with them but even to be a neighbor with them is a curse, they r still in stone age time, even 3A tried to teach them the relationship between stone age time and axum but i don’t think they r capable to understand what he is trying to say.
            they r so backward stone heads, they r like angry speaking monkeys, physically and mentally. Pls watch the video.

          • Gerogee

            Hi TA

            Ha ha ha exactly what my friend said. It is so funny, he literally uses the same word to describe them. I got to watch it….I will make sure I will have a empty five gallon bucket. I have a feeling I will be needing it.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Nitricc,

            Yes, “the man in power in Asmara knows” very well that we are not Ethiopians and we will never be Ethiopians. Have you perceived it why your man fights true Eritreans? Mr. Nitricc is an Ethiopian, thus Isaias doesn’t hate or fight him, but he uses him as a tool to fight Eritreans and empower his mama, Ethiopia.

            Al-Arabi

      • Nitricc

        Hi Arabi; I thought you were Muslim fanatic but i see you are addicted to drinking. Only a drunk person will write what you have written. Be a true Muslim and stop drinking. By the way did you see the PMAA reception he got from the people of tigray? i rest my case.

        • Hameed Al-Arabi

          Ahlan Nitricc,

          You are in a critical situation, Mr. Nitricc. You are demoralized, a case that leads to depression. Visit your doctor urgently. Take care.

          Al-Arabi

  • Haile S.

    ሰላም ሰብ ዓወተ፡

    ዋዛ ምስ ቁምነገር ካብ ዛንታ ኣርብዓን ኣርባዕተን መጽሓፍ፡ ብይስሃቅ ተወልደ መድህን፡ 1954 ኢት.

    ዝብእን መፍለስን
    ሓደ ለይቲ ወርሒ ደሚቓ ከተብርህ ከላ ዝብእን መፍለስን ኣብ ጸቢብ መንገዲ ተጓነፉ።
    ዝብኢ፥ ቅድም ኣነ ክሓልፍ ወሰን ሓዝ በለ።
    መፍለስ፥ ኣንታ ግናይ በዓል ክፉእ ግብሪ፡ ኣነ ዘሕልፈካስ በዓል እንታይ ሞያ ኢኻ ቢሉ ምሕላፍ ከልኦ። ድሕሪ ብዙሕ ባእሲ ብዘረባ ዘረባ ኣነ እጽብቅ ኣነ እጽብቕ ቢሎም ተወራረዱ። ክልቲኦም ብስምምዕ፡ ሰብ እዩ ዝፈልጥ እሞ፡ ንዓናይ ንመሰኻኸር ቢሎም ናብ ሰብ ከዱ።
    ሽዑ መፍለስ ቀዲሙ፡ ትፈልጠለይ ሰብ ካብ ዝብኢ ኣነ እጽብቕ…. ተጠንቂቕካ መስክር። ግራት ዕፉንካ ኣብ ወሰን እያ ዘላ… ቢሉ ኣስምዓሉ።
    ዝብኢ ኸኣ፡ ኣይትፈልጠለይን ሰብ መፍለስ ካባይ ከብዘይጽብቅ! ኣስተውዒልካ ተዛረብ። ኣእዱግካ መምሰይቲ እየን በሎ።
    ሰብ ንኽልቲኦም ፈርሆም። ብርቱዕ ሓሳብ ድማ ሓዞ። ንመፍለስ ንስኻ ትጽብቕ እንተበለ፡ ዝብኢ ኣእድጉ ከይቀትለሉ ፈርሀ። ንዝብኢ ንስኻ ትጽብቅ እንተበለ፡ መፍለስ ግራት ዕፉኑ ከይበልዓሉ ፈርሀ።
    ሰብ ካብ መንበሩ ተንሲኡ፡ እምስክር ኣለኹ፡ ዝብኢ ነቦኻ ትመስል። መፍለስ ነቦኻ ትመስል ቢሉ መስከረ።
    ዝብእን መፍለስን ነነብኦም ዝመስሉ ስለዝኾኑ፡ ብዙሕ ተሓጎሱ።
    ሓቂ ዘይምስክር፡ ከይተኣመነ ይነብር።

  • Selam All.

    Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed received at his office renowned Dr. Francis Fukuyama. How would one interpret this? What sort of advice could he give the prime minister? Unfortunately, the news does not say much.

    In addition an open letter has been written to the president of eritrea by african intellectuals in which they say, “We respectfully call upon Your Excellency to allow a delegation of the signatories hereunder to visit Eritrea, and to afford us the opportunity to meet with you and your government as well as with ordinary citizens, including journalists, writers, and other persons currently in prison.”.

    • Paulos

      Selam Horizon,

      As you know, Fukuyama came to prominence when he opined about the end of the “Cold War” and the triumph of Western Liberal Democracy over the other “isms” that had challenged it for over fifty years pretty much right after World War II save Russian Communism which took hold after World War I.

      Fukuyama structured the triumph of Western Liberal Democracy with in a philosophical treastes particularly with in Hegelian interpretation of history where history is taken not as an occurrence of random events but a series of epochs guided by providence. As such, Fukuyama saw Liberal Democracy as the End of History and the ultimate stage of political development as it is known to Man.

      Later on however, the historical interpretation was hijacked and was used as a political weapon when the “Neo-Cons” utilized it for a regime change in every corner of the world in any nation that doesn’t prescribe to Liberal Democracy. When the invasion of Iraq with that pretext resulted in a sham, Fukuyama pulled himself out of the “Neo-Cons” and became a fiercest critic of it instead.

      I have read pretty much all of his books and he seems to prescribe a Developmental State for Developing countries where he is for building a strong State before a strong economy as he gives the genesis of the “Tiger Nations” as a testament to that effect. In light of that, his visit to Ethiopia is rather interesting when Abiy leans towards what Fukuyama thinks not workable for Developing Nations including Ethiopia—liberalization of major infrastructures.

      • Gerogee

        Paulos

        I have an urgent request that needs your attention. Is there any study done about the effects of exposure to pharmaceutical products.

        • Paulos

          George,

          I have no idea.

          • Gerogee

            Paulos

            Your partner in crime the Wayan worshiper Aman might need it

      • Ismail AA

        Selam Dr, Paulos,

        Good summation of Fukuyama’s post Berlin Wall and his revised post Iraq invasion positions. I remember his thoughts were extensively discussed in this forum before. I do not recall under which thread. His visit to Ethiopia (probably by invitation) at this point in time could be very interesting. The other day I was reading a long article by William Davison [“From ‘Meles’ Dead End’ To Abij’s New Horizon”], June 10, 2019) – an appraisal of Meles’ Developmental State economics and Abij revisionist policies that are still in the making, The writer inclined towards EPRDF’s policy of liberalization policy under the leadership of Abij. Anyway, Fukuyama’s tour could be important and interesting to watch. He might speak in one of the university campuses in Addis Ababa.

        • Paulos

          Selam Kbur Haw Ismail AA,

          As you might have guessed by now, I am a super big fan of Fukuyama. I remember never getting enough of his “The End of History” and reading it twice. His lucid writing style and deep understanding of the philosophy of history is remarkable to say the least.

          Most importantly however, he offers a serious scholarship to the synchronized choreography between the three Political Institutions as in Rule of Law, Accountability and Transparency with respect to a Strong State and how the former three ought to keep in check the latter.

          And he demonstrates brilliantly how nations throughout their formative years experimented with the said Political Institutions. For instance, France under Louis IX had stronger of the latter but weaker of the former three. On the other hand, Great Britain had stronger of the former three and weaker of the latter when the Parliament under Oliver Cromwell revolted against the Monarchy. And in present day world, Fukuyama draws a contrast between India and China with in the said context where China has a Strong State but weaker Political Institutions and India with stronger Political Institutions but weaker State. In a worst case scenario, he demonstrates how Nigeria got nation building m*ssed up when not only the Political Institutions are extremely weak but the State turned into a rent seeking predatory machine when it is bogged down into an abject corruption.

          I as everyone else am very curious to know his readings about Abiy’s Ethiopia as the nation presumably departs from a Developmental State. My assumption is that, Ethiopia is an interesting case study particularly for him as it finds itself at a crossroads in what to choose between two compelling School of Thoughts—Unitary State or Federalism and Developmental State or Liberalisation under the Private Sector. Time as they say is the hidden factor and we shall see.

  • mokie berhe

    Salam all. The TPLF is said to be paying more than $US 180,000 per month to support its digital army, which in large part, aims to disrupt Eritrean opposition social media. Hope that the digital Doctors, Professors, and queens here were able to negotiate lucrative contracts.

  • mokie berhe

    Salam all. PMAA’s visit to Aksum today for meetings with Debretsion is not only about the obelisks. A number of hot issues on are the cooker.

    • Paulos

      Mokie,

      I am sure the reason for Abiy’s presence in Tigrai is to get Getachew Assefa himself and bring him back to Addis to stand trial as he has promised to his base—Dergue reminants. Moreover, to give ultimatum to the Weyanes to apologize to the Ethiopian people for all the horrible crimes and also to apologize to the Eritrean people for helping and abetting the Eritrean Opposition during the last 20 years or so.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Dr Paulos,

        He is in Tigray for “recognition” and “reconciliation”. Finally, he recognized the role of TPLF and Tigray people for the stability and peace in Ethiopia. Second he learned that our despot is an erratic leader that he could not make any meaningful agreement that benefit both countries. Third, he will tell Debretsion that he was played by the despot and thus he will apologize him in a seperate undisclosed set of meeting. Don’t you think so?

        • Teodros Alem

          selam aman h
          u claim u spent most of ur life in poltics but ur above comment shows u r even worst ignorant than a layman person in the street.
          u r worshipping an entity that u don’t even know how they function, operate and what it stand for..u r truly a good example of what foot soldier means.

          • Gerogee

            Dear TA

            I could not have said it any better. I as Eritrean very embarrassed by Amanuel…oh my God. WHAT! this guy can only be joking.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam George,

            Come on brother, could you predict as to what the aim of the PM’s visit is to the state of Tigray? Mine is a simple a prediction. If that gives your headache, you have a problem.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam aman h
            He is the prime minister of the country man, that includes tigrai.
            i know ur pathetic brain think tigrai is some kind of oppostion rebel held territory, right? u r waste of time. plus u r eritrean.

          • Gerogee

            Selam TA

            You know, come to think of it, Aman Hidrat is not the only one in this website with these kind of absolutely retarded mentality. I mean how is it a guy like him, who is more educated than most of us can be this slow? Who in the right mind would ever think Woyane is an entity to be looked upto? Or admired? Wow

          • Kokhob Selam

            Yes Gerogee,

            We are the same with Mr.. or Dr. Aman Hidrat..Accept this reality but don’t mess around..please keep going..

            KS,,

          • Teodros Alem

            selam Gerogee
            there is a saying that say something like ” a simple commen sense is better than Indian professor” or ” it is a thousand time better to have a commen sense without education than to have education with out commen sense” , if it is not for Saay7, Saleh J and so on, am starting to say eri instead of indian professor.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Gerogee,

            The first guys, who inform us Woyane is out of control of Abie Ahmed, are the worshipers of Isaias. They told us Woyane hinders from demarcating the border between Eritrea and Ethiopia.

            Now, tell me who is the most retarded guys? I guess, the most retarded guys are those whom you remind continuously of past events like a chicken which has a very minute mind that requires a continual, “ኩት እግርኺ ትሰበር”. They are roosters of kitchen utensils who always cause hubbub.

            Al-Arabi

          • Gerogee

            Dear H. Al-Arab

            What? I never fully understand you, I usually skip your posts. But today I am bored, so I will deal with your ancient ass. Why do you always come to the defense of Woyane worshippers? Why does it bother you if put down Woyane worshippers? You as Eritrean should support me or at least stay neutral. You attack any body that attacks Woyane. You are inadvertently exposing your true self. Just because I ignore you doesn’t mean I don’t pay attention. I usually read your and that Ismail guy post for late night. Reading your post is one of the best sleeping aid 🙂

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Gerogee,

            Who are you? You are only a chorus who repeats what his master orders him to utter. If your master requested from you to say,”laleye laley”, you will end up with laley laley until your master orders for another catch, “halewlew adi haloye”. You are a shame to Eritrea and her people. An Eritrean is always clean with a thinking mind. Eritreans don’t sell their minds and act like robots. You are just a distorted copy of an Eritrean. True Eritreans are always with their people.

            Al-Arabi

          • Gerogee

            Hello Al Arab

            Who am I? Good question. That is a loaded question. Let me answer by telling you who I AM NOT. I am not Woyane protector! How is that for an answer. At least I don’t defend the dumbest entity on the history of the universe. I don’t have to repeat anything for anyone when it comes to Woyane it is on full display. Even a blind can see. It needs no explanation buddy! I would like to leave you alone so you can have time to worship the scums of the earth…go on

          • Gerogee

            HI AH

            You got to be kidding me right?

            1. Who are these people?

            2. Where were these concerned people when we got sanctioned?

            3. When we got robbed, deported?

            4. When US using its influence was blocking us from doing business?

            5. When our land is occupied

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam Gerogee
            I don’t think he is joking, i think it is lack of commen sense, the prove is everywhere, anybody can see it.

        • Nitricc

          he will tell Debretsion that he was played by the despot and thus he will apologize him in a seperate undisclosed set of meeting

          Wow!!!

        • Peace!

          Hi Emma,

          Debretsion: ኣትድከም ኣብሽ we will never ever allow demarcation of the border with Eritrea.

          Peace!

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Peace,

            Why not if the despot wants it to be demarcated? It wasn’t the despot’s priority till this date. He told us publicly that it is not his priority. The crazy thing with us Eritreans is, we expect the “foreign forces” to leave without demarcation or putting the markers on the ground. We have to put pressure on both sides to finish the demarcation as part of the agreement.

          • Peace!

            Hi Emma

            Actually that was my prediction on the meeting between the two leaders. I don’t know why you brought the despot unless he intended to crash the meeting. On similar note, the despot should not be an excuse for TPLF to have a firm position regarding the border issue in a sense that holding a solid position that respects Eritrean sovereignty and its people is one thing, and dealing with impediments to demarcate the border is also completely another thing. I am fully aware they honored Eritrean independence in 1991, but so far, at this critical juncture, I see no credible sign that indicates TPLF is interested on demarcating the border; in fact, meeting between senior TPLFites and Agazian extremists is slowly becoming the new normal.

            Peace!

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Peace,

            Do you mean you don’t know my position on the border Issue? It is not in comment section only. I even wrote a full blown article. You could go to Asmarino. com and search under the title “ Denarcation watch: A response to Dr Tekie Fesehasion”. I was against the war and when the verdict was given I was in support the antagonist to talk while demarcating it in order to make
            adjustment on the central zone to make swaps on the villages given to Ethiopia and Eritrea. There is no clear position. But I am not from those who cries day and night on the border issue for I know my limits. It is the responsibility of the two governments to implement.

            As to why I brought the despot in my comment is, it is because I want to remind you that the despot also has no interest to be demarcated.

            Regards

          • Peace!

            Hi Emma,

            ትረቀና ኣለኻ ሎምስ. It has nothing to do with your position rather the current TPLF position on border demarcation is blurred or even too vague to the extent new strategy ናይ ዓቕሊ ጽበት might be brewing.

            This is a serious issue ብዘይ ሞግዲ ክበስል ኣለዎ ማለተይ እየ.

            Peace!

        • Selam Amanuel H.

          Are you really serious when you say that pm Abiy went to Tigray for “recognition” and “reconciliation”? According to your opinion Dr. Debretsion is the kingmaker, and unless anointed by tplf nobody rules ethiopia. That is wishful thinking and there is a big difference between wishful thinking and reality. While the people of Axum were talking about the obelisk that is in danger of falling down, water shortage, infrastructures, security, etc, you are talking about the politics of surrender to your tplf. It is only in your mind and not in the real ethiopian world, if I may say so, that the center will ever surrender to the periphery. Tplf has made itself the periphery, and it is no more in the center. This should have meant something to you.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Horizon,

            This is not “NEWS”. It is a “PREDICTION”.

        • Alex

          Hi Aman,
          What you stated above is what you want to happen so TPLF can come out from were they are quarantined in Mekelle. In reality that is not going to happen. PMAA and TPLF are unable to reconcile since their believe is different in politics,economy etc. I don’t see TPLF being part of EPRDF going forward since their differences is irreconcilable

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Alex,

            Did you read my response to Horizon? It is not my wish. It is my prediction from reading the current political picture of Ethiopia. Let me tell you this: Don’t be surprised if TPLF and PFDJ start to reconcile their difference. In politics anything is possible. Any unknown factor could come up to the forefront and change the whole equation. We have lived in politics and saw many turning points of history. So don’t absolute your thinking. Keep it open always.

          • Selam Amanuel H.,

            If you allow me, let me ask you a question. What is your opinion about the so called “the republic of greater tigray” and “agaziland”? Remember, you used to tell us that one of the biggest problems in eritrean politics was the collaboration in the field between eplf and tplf that brought the demise of elf and the present situation in eritrea. Now, you seem to see the cooperation of pfdj (eplf) and tplf as a solution.

            Here, allow me to quote from your above comment to Alex. “Don’t be surprised if TPLF and PFDJ start to reconcile their difference. In politics anything is possible. Any unknown factor could come up to the forefront and change the whole equation.” If i interpret it in my own words i would say, everything depends on the political situation of the day, and not on long held beliefs. Nothing should be seen in a dogmatic way in politics.

          • Paulos

            Alex,

            Here is a single important fact about the Weyanes that you need to internalize. These people meticulously and surgically isolated Isaias from the rest of the world and for over twenty years crippled Isaias’ Eritrea as well. Here is another fact: They can cripple the rest of Abiy’s Ethiopia if they want to. You and the rest of your likes have no idea how shrewd and merciless political animals these people [Weyanes] are.

            If you go back and carefully read their origin as in the genesis of the TPLF, you will see how systematically they destroyed EDU, EPRP and clearly understood from the get go how far Isaias can carry independent Eritrea. That is to say that, they are not surprised about the state of present day Eritrea, simply because forty years ago, they clearly understood what kind of Eritrea was in the offing when the nation is led by Isaias. You need to take them very very serious.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam paulos
            woyenas r crippled by nature themselves, as u see them today, they r thirsty of water,, they r bagging 3A water, let along to cause trouble.
            “derg” was stupid and hated by ethiopians and because of it they got lackey but that doesn’t change they r naturally crippled groups.
            without Ethiopia, they r nothong .

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Paulos. Aside from the super-rich TPLF cast of corrupted millionaires and billionaires, most others in Tigray are dirt poor and suffer from chronic food insecurity and high rates of malnutrition, exacerbated by an acute shortage of potable water. More than 80% of Tigray State inhabitants live in rural areas where they produce half of their minimal annual food requirements and 89% earn less than $2.5 per day. Tigray State has been dependent on relief food since the time of Haile Selassie. The TPLF was only consumed with filling their pockets full of money and not in helping their own poor and hungry.

          • Gerogee

            Paulos paulos

            Being distractive, evil, their is very easy. The devil is always there to help you. How is it that you are so casually brag about there distractive behavior as something to admire.

            1. Dishonest culture produced Woyane.

            2. Woyane missed the opportunity of a lifetime. They had everything to transform Ethiopian.

            3. Isolating Eritrea was the absolute dumbest thing ever. They reminded us why we should never ever trust them. New generation of Eritreans know Woyane as a backstabbing. They wasted billions of dollars, to cripple Eritrea, leaving Ethiopia poorer. No development. None don’t believe they hype from World Bank and IMF, the devil bank. Ethiopia is now even in a worst shape than before. They are not creative forces. Except shortsighted and dimwitted move they never had 1 idea they executed on there own. We Eritreans have shown our determination and came out victorious.

          • Paulos

            George,

            You and the others in Ethiopia as in ESAT, Gimbot 7 et al are saying the same thing about the Weyanes. That is precisely their [Weyanes] powerful weapon–they let you read them wrong and underestimate them, then before you know it, not only they scr*w you over but they always stay miles ahead of the rest of you. You have no idea!

            T.Kfle is no ordinary citizen. He is a veteran Tegadalai and when he said the other day that there is no power that can destroy the Weyanes, it wasn’t a hyperbole. It was a solid fact. And if I were you, I would take him serious. Again, you people have no idea.

          • Nitricc

            Hi P: I know your undying love for the weyane thugs but don’t confuse the weakness of the PMAA government with strengths of the TPLF thugs. All it takes to bring down the thugs is simply hold the Tigray killil budget and the end of story! So, please take easy in loving the weyanes.

          • Gerogee

            Paulos

            Dishonest culture produced Woyane. Being “shrewd ” as you say it is a code word for being dishonest. Being dishonest is very easy, the devil is always there to help you. Being honest and straight forward is the Eritrean way. That is how we grew up.

            We, ERITREANS help formed TPLF. We Eritreans trained you. We Eritreans help you defeat Derg. Eritrean mechanized brigades were the deciding factor in every victory against Ethiopian army. A fact no one can deny. But true to its nature, backstabbing, Woyane decided to take Assab to create Abye Tigray only to end up back to its barren land, full of stupid leaders and 5 million poor tigryans staring at them.

          • Paulos

            George,

            Sure I agree. We trained them and helped them get to Addis as they helped us defeat Dergue particularly when the Dergue almost annihilated and pushed us all the way back to ሳሕል. The question is where is Isaias’ Eritrea now in comparison not only to Ethiopia but Tigrai as well. We live in a time where Asmara is struggling to make it on par with ውቕሮ when ሽረ፣ ዓዲ-ግራት are trying to compete with Addis. That is the legacy of Isaias. In the 1930s, Asmara was the most modern city in Africa! Do you know what that is called? It is called an epic tragedy!

          • Gerogee

            Paulos

            Himm I don’t quite understand what your trying to say. Addis is garbage.

            1. Water/Electricty is being rationed

            2. Crime like no other

            3. 200 k prostitutes

            3. 300 k beggers

            4. 45 billion external debt

            Please don’t be fooled by the main street media. Woyane borrowed, begged, sold land, sold donkeys, sold babies and built ugly Chinese buildings and u call that progress. What!

            Forget Ethiopia a country that is always have 15 to 30 million people hungry for the last 60 years.

            Kenya a highly developed country, you will find smart kids who graduated from top university unemployed. Living in the village hoping to get a Visa so they can work as teachers in South Africa.

          • Paulos

            George,

            Sure thing brother. Sure thing.

          • Hope

            Hi George:
            I think your points are acceptable and /but it is unfair to compare apples with oranges.
            My point is that Eritrea and Eritreans could have done better if that Dude called IA were to follow basic ABCs of Governance and if he were to allow basic Freedom to move and to work and respect the basic human rights !
            Why is it difficult for you to admit or accept that?

            Bro George:

            Almost a year after the peace deal was struck with Ethiopia ,we are still in status quo .
            Why can’t we talk about the innocent jailed teens and Religious Leaders and Teachers among others?

            Why can’t we talk about lack of institutions and basic rule of Law ?

            Why can’t we talk about lack of basic regulated freedom of movement and freedom of economy to build the nation by creating a basic conducive environment for Eritreans?

            Why can’t we talk about Past due Amnesty and National reconciliation?

            Why is IA afraid of achieving those basic Noble causes?
            Dr AAA has OVER-achieved in 8 months what the TPLF and other Africans could not do in decades minus the expected mess due to his “too much democracy “!

            iSem et al know about this fact and about the TPLF Corruption better than U and me !

            Let us FOCUS on our own unfinished business.

            Who cares if they go to HELL as long as they choose to do so provided their mess will not mess us,when our reaching out matter then.

          • iSem

            Hi Paulo:
            To add to the truth you spoke. I say this
            The Eritrea ghedli was an inspiration for Tigray and as they say there is no better compliment that one to model you.
            But what the PFDJ goons who keep harping about we taught them this and fact is the first woyane started in Tigray started a revolution before the Eritreans, it failed. What is angering IA is that the TPLF played him, they used him and he never thought MZ will betray him, but he did even when IA trusted him more than his brothers like Hail D and Petros and et al. And the shameful thing is the goons like George give IA a free ride to use Eritrean blood and future in pursuit of his personal vendetta for his fragile ego.
            So this temeharo nerom kisab shiwa is dumb and even the late Isaias Tsegay fell for it in his lyrics, warsay. If you taught something to someone and he excels, you should be proud of it, not arrogant about it
            I have yet to see Eriteans win against Tigray, they always fool them: Woldemichael Solomon, ELF and TPLF and guess what will happen to Eri under the handful show of IA, Hagosh Kisha and Kassa
            Nota Benne: Badme is still under TPLF

          • Gerogee

            Isem

            I’m actually trying to understand you. Are you saying that backstabbing you a smart thing to do? And it what did tplf benefited? We all lost. What Woyane did was not a smart move. I mean what is your definition of being played. Being American mercenary, being destructive force does not require a lot of brain cells bro. Do you not see the opportunity cost of this whole mess that was caused by the Midget? We all lost bro.

            Meles did backstabbed Eritrean because his short-sighted dimwit. There’s nothing smart about that. He just a regular mercenary a Lab dog off of American Empire that’s all. What did the people of East Africa gain from the stupid move that tplf did. 120000 Champion kids died. 20000 + Eritrean died. What is smart about that?

          • iSem

            Hi G:
            you started off reasonable. You are right , we all lost. I was trying to say the IA/ shittar was not a much for MZ and TPLF
            Abotu mercenary, IA is the leader probably he taught it to MZ when MZ went to sahel for military training before heading off to Dedebit, a village where bro Nitricc is from
            so I agree with you in this comment, it is smart comment
            But IA/PFDJ, the regime you support (if am not confusing with a different nick) is equally stupid, equally mercenary, and in many regards MZ have a lot to show for than IA for thing done for his ppl. You can call it begging, selling donkeys and what have you but there is there
            So IA the strong man he was begging MZ to negotiation and he forced himself into MZ in the signing ceremony. IA “giant” is the midget here and he will be the midget in our lexicon and books. You can write down this prophecy:prophet Isem of Toronto:-)

          • Gerogee

            Isem

            Bro if you want to make Eritrean president look bad I can show you how to do it better than you. All this blubber about the war is pointless. Why does bother you if I called tplf a mercenary group.? What do you waste your time trying to equate tplf with Eritrea? Why can’t you just leave it alone? what do you get worked up about Woyane? Again being dishonest is not something you can brag about that is like not a cool thing to do.

            Why does it bother you what I said about Woyane? I mean why waste time to respond to me about an entity that is enemy that backstabbed not only Eritreans, not only Ethiopians but also their own people.

            What do they have that we don’t have? 1.4 million people in Tigray are on food aid.

            Highest number AIDS infected.
            I mean what are you talkin about? Some fugly cheap Chinese buildings 🙂 is that supposed to impress us? I mean what is your point? Let me ask you a question since you brag about how smart you are, how much money do you think went through TPLF in the last 30 40 years? Just humor me

          • iSem

            Hi G:
            My bad, I thought you understand subtlies. I was trying to say that why are you so hypocrite,,, ignoring the log in your eyes…
            What do yo care about Tigray, care about your ppl if you are Eritrean
            DIA does not need my help to look bad, he does a good job

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Paulos. You say ‘We trained them and helped them (TPLF) get to Addis’. Are you saying that you were EPLF before? Who is ‘we’? A little bit confusing as you later say in regards to the TPLF that ‘best way to defeat your enemy is to understand it first’.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam George,

            Please listen to a new graduate from our young generation giving speech during his graduation about fear and injustice in our country.

            https://youtu.be/cxQkE2MUtIw

          • Gerogee

            Aman

            The link is about something else. I think you are amateur comedian who is hoping one day to be a professional comedian or you might be PIA himself or you just get a kick out of saying the most random thing ever. Dehando?

          • Nitricc

            Hi Gerogee; the question is why is this link allowed to be posted? They are all out in arms shouting the rule of law and they can’t even respect a simple forum rules. That tells you how corrupted they are.

          • Gerogee

            Hi my Eritrean patriot

            Be careful u might get “blinked” Salah guy is like NSA he is all seeing eye kind of guy

          • Nitricc

            Hi Gerogee; i wish SJ blinks me. i just didn’t know how to do it myself. He will relief me from the agony i am going through. It is to great of burden to up hold the true Eritreanism sprite. here is a country went through hell and you have this corrupted people who are in love with the ETHIOPIANS AND THE TIGRYANS. IT is not a problem to fend of the Ethiopians and the Tigryans but how do fight of this corrupted and wasted people who are adoring TPLF day and night? However; no matter what this is my fight now. I will never let down to those real Eritreans who fought and died for what is Eritrea. that is my promise.

          • Saleh Johar

            Nitriccs,
            No one blinked Blink but Blink himself. BTW, I believe he was “blinked until June 4th”. I already miss him and hope he returns with a fresh attitude and wisdom.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Nitricc,

            Oh! Nitricc is in depression, please do something to rescue him.

            Always Tigrai stops in front of Isaias from being the king of Ethiopia or the emperor of the Horn of Africa. Isaias supporters are passing through a hard test. Last year Isaias kicked them out, and this year Abie Ahamed has given them a hard blow. Tigrai visit is an event that they are unable to endure. You are not alone, Mr. Nitricc, who are in depression, there are many like you ምስ ህዝብኻ መዓት ዳርጋ ጋዓት have patience or you will deteriorate to critical situations.

            Al-Arabi

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Hameed Al-Arabi. Regarding the Eritrean opposition, that which receives financial and military support from the TPLF, do the ends really justify the means? Is that the reason why some will never say anything negative against the TPLF? Do you not think that having a different benefactor would be advantageous?

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan mokie berhe,

            The issue is very simple. It is not a rocket science. Isaias and TPLF are Ethiopians. Isaias said in 1991 before the liberation of Eritrea that we wants to make one government with Ethiopia. When war erupted between MZ and Isaias in 1998, MZ said that Isaias stabbed him on his back. This displays they had secret agreements between them, similar to the secret agreements between Isaias and Abie Ahmed. Such a scene confirms that Isaias, MZ and now Abie Ahmed had/have a fight among them for power to rule Ethiopia. This shows us that Badme war was among Ethiopians.

            Isaias for 28 years was crushing Eritreans to make Eritrea a failed county, and succeeded to large extent. He was destroying Eritrea that her location only makes her a gem. The aim for all his works was to hand Eritrea to Ethiopia, and he told all Eritreans openly that he was/is in a mission to hand Eritrea to Ethiopia in silver platter.

            Now look, if the very guy whom Eritreans considered their leader was devastating them, what do you think TPLF will do with the Eritrean opposition? Isaias was destroying Eritreans from inside Eritrea, and TPLF was crushing Eritreans who live in diaspora.

            I cognize, you require three decades or more to understand what I have written. Just keep what I have written in your mind. It might be clear for you after many years, or you might pass to the second world without understanding it. If you are a copy, I am sure, you know your role very well. You will continue to divide and deviate until your mama destroys the Eritrean people and occupies Eritrea.

            Al-Arabi

          • mokie berhe

            Thank you Dr. Hameed Al-Arabi (I can call you Professor if you wish) for your expected TPLF digital deflection of my simple questions.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan mokie berhe,

            Your questions met. I know you need years to understand the answers. Anyhow, endeavor to make the time of your understanding short, for that will assist the people of Eritrea in the future.

            Al-Arabi

          • mokie berhe

            Thanks Professor Hameed Al-Arabi. Could I kindly ask that you again give us your vision on implementing Sharia law in Eritrea once PIA/PFDJ is out of the picture, recalling that 2 years ago you stated ‘It is better for Eritrea to be A NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC STATE not A SECULAR STATE. Secularism is a kind of religion/faith that fights religions that worship Allah/ፈጣሪ.’

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan mokie berhe,

            You read my previous comments, at the same time, I give you hot lessons.

            We take from the global market that fits and makes harmony with the Eritrean culture. We don’t purchase utensils that do not work in our country.

            Al-Arabi

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Dr. Hameed Al-Arabi. Would you like to ‘Flip’ or ‘Flop’ today recalling 10 months ago that you told Hayat Adem ‘Salam Hayat Adem ‘I think the best step tplf to take is to rally behind Dr. Abie Ahmed and assist him more than the Oromo and Amhara. This will be good for the people of Tigrai and tplf. It is a grave mistake to leave Dr. Abie Ahmed for Isaias to create a rift among the people of Ethiopia. I hope tplf to reverse its present rigid evaluation and look to the issue from a different perspective.’

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan mokie berhe,

            It is very good you have brought forward my comment that I wrote before ten months. As I read it at that moment of time, before Abie Ahmed faces big challenges in side Ethiopia, it is really a reward. Yes, Isaias has created a rift among Ethiopians by supporting one side against the other to become emperor of Ethiopia.

            My reading was correct and after ten months Abie Ahmed visited Axuim, and they received him with great love. I have said it before ten months, but they grasp it after ten months when things complicated and have gotten wrong. I could say to them, to come late is better than never.

            Abie Ahmed understood the issue after ten months, but your boss understood peace importance after twenty years. If it takes twenty years from your boss, it will definitely take from you double that time to apprehend my comments.

            Anyway, thank you very much, Mr. Mokie Berhe. You have provided me with an evidence that confirms that I read events very well. Thanks to God.

            Al-Arabi

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Dr. Hameed Al-Arabi. Your flip-flopping kind of reminds me of Hillary Clinton.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan mokie berhe,

            I too know you are stunned, gaping and and eyes widely open.

            Al-Arabi

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Hi George,

            እቲ ጋኔን ናይ ወያኔ ኣብ ኣእምሮኻ አትዩ ዘዕገርግረካ ክሳዕ ዘሎ: እዚ ሓድሽ ኮለጅ ምራቅ ኤርትራዊ: ብዛዕባ ኣብ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዘሎ ራዕድን: ስእነት ፍትሕን: ንተመረቅትን: ንስድራ ቤት ተመረቅትን: ንኹሎም ፈካልትን ዘማሓላለፎ መልእኽቲ ምንም ኣይክስቆረካን እዩ:: ምሕረት የውርደልካ ዝሓወይ::

          • Hope

            Alex and George:
            Not sure how,why and for what reason the good Doc is defending the CRIMINAL and TREACHEROUS JUNTA.

            It is amusing to me as to why he is belittling the Perseverance and POWER of Eritreans, which and who,SAVED the same backstabbers to be where they are and who they are!

            It is beyond me a PHD-MD guy admiring and advocating for the treachery and crimes of the same backstabbers!

            He conveniently shied away from acknowledging the Resilience and steel hard discipline and STAMINA of Eritreans ,who finally cornered and quarantined the same treacherous junta,which tried any thing possible under the sun-and fully supported by the 100 million Ethiopians ,its Western Masters and African Mercenaries to bring down Eritrea and Eritreans to their knees, if not to destroy them.

            It is so funny that he didn’t mention that Ethiopia and Eritrea can equally and easily destroy the same janda and its followers by applying the same evil tricks and agenda it has tried to destabilize Ethiopia and Eritrea.

          • Alex

            Hi Paulos,
            I have different understanding of TPLF than you. They are good only in backstabbing and treachery. When they are powerful they stab you and when they are encircled they beg you by saying we are brothers.

          • Paulos

            Alex,

            You proved my point. You keep reading them wrong and they are always one step ahead of you. They say, the best way to defeat your enemy is to understand it first.

        • Paulos

          Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

          I am sure you didn’t miss my sarcasm. And as you have aptly put it, this is a fall back to plan B when plan A faltered as it was in cahoots with Isaias designed to neutralize the Weyanes. As the old adage has it, if you can’t beat them, you might as well join them. Abiy did just that when he came to Axum in stead of Meqele to test the waters first then follow suit. This will certainly change the dynamics with respect to Isaias when Debretsion keeps holding the cards close to his chest.

          Isaias will get rattled if he is again rendered irrelevant by the Weyanes when Abiy for a calculated political reasons gets close to Debretsion even if he has to compromise the promises he may have made to the regional powers and other key players. However, the message is clear: The Weyanes are not only there to stay but Abiy needs them more than Isaias and the other Dergue remnants. In the mean time, Isaias pitches his “Aykesernanism” to the gullible and true-believers till Kingdom comes.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Dr Paulos,

            Sure, I didn’t miss your sarcasm Doctore. I just felt predicting the outcome of Debretsion and Abiy’s meeting from the general picture of Ethiopian politics.

        • Hope

          Selam “Prof” Hidrat:
          But the truth might be that Dr AAA:
          1)might have given Dr Debrecen an ULTIMATUM to comply with the Ethiopian Federal and Intl Laws and to get out of Baduma!

          2)might have ordered him to hand over the Criminal Getachew Assefa and to STOP meddling with /in the internal affairs of Eritrea including the Assassination Attempts of Senior Eri Govt Official,which is a very serious precedence and crime,by telling him to his face and to his Audience that Eritrea legitimately closed the Ethio-Eritrea borders coz of those criminal developments and activities by none but by your fav Criminal Junta.

          This is the crime, which you ,unfortunately,have advocated indirectly or directly!

          It sounds like the TPLF promised you to be the Governor of new Eritrea of Eri-Tigray Republic ,the old new dream of same Criminal Junta!

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam Awatawian,

    As usual there is no good news from the Eritrean regime. Below in the link, you will read some of the indebtedness of PFDJ Government. Where is the money from the gold mining? It can not pay even for this delinquent account?

    https://erena.org/መገዲ-ኣየር-ኤርትራ-ናይ-73-ሚልዮን-ዶላር-ውህ/

    • Consolation

      Hello Amanuel,

      The news, if it is news, as reported by Addis Fortune says
      “According to the International Air Transport Association (IATA), as of March 31, 2019, the Eritrean government has blocked USD 73 million airlines fund.”

      Your source, who may not have understood the above paragraph have translated it to
      ኣህጉራዊ ማሕበር መጎዓዝያ ነፈርቲ ኣብ ዝሃቦ መግለጺ፣ ክሳብ ወርሒ መጋቢት 2019 ኣብ ዝነበረ ግዜ ጥራይ ኤርትራ፣ ብመገዲ ኣየር ንዝረኸበቶ 73 ሚልዮን ዶላር ናይ ኣገልግሎት ዋጋ ናብ ዝምልከተን ሃገራት ከምዘይለኣኸት ኣመልኪቱ።

      Your erena source probably figured that “as of March 2019”, it is incredible for Eritreans to have bought 73 Million dollars worth of tickets inside Eritrea. So they did what they do best, lied and mistranslated it to ክሳብ ወርሒ መጋቢት 2019

      Now a little math for the math challenged., 73 million dollars at 2,000 dollars a ticket is more than 35,000 tickets., Now does anyone believe that 35,000 tickets were sold inside Eritrea in 3 months?

      Emma, sorry to cut your rare happy moment!

      • Hope

        Hahaha Consolation:
        You are really a consoling one.
        It is so FUNNY; and I am SO embarrassed, and even regret to tell you that I understood it as Emma did after I read it from Erena.

        The English part makes sense.

        But there is a fact that we cannot deny:

        The Eritrean Air Lines MGT over all /The Red Sea Airways,the Queen Bee,etc…were mismanaged and destroyed due to the unnecessary interference of the President’s Office per the Eye Witness Accounts.
        I trust Mr Hassobay,with whom I have an extensive and confidential 1 on 1 conversation besides discussing with other Eritrean Airlines old and new Staff members.
        It is so sad that the Eritrean Airlines is messed up.
        I understand the role of the sanctions and its Engineers have done to us….including the CIA and its mercenaries but am talking about our own failures.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Consolation,

        “ኣህጉራዊ ማሕበር መጎዓዝያ ነፈርቲ ኣብ ደቡብ ኮርያ ኣብ ዘካየዶ ዓመታዊ ዋዕልኡ፣ ናይ ዝተሸጠ ትኬት ዋጋ ዘይመለሳ ሃገራት ኣፍሪቃ፣ ዚምባብወ 192 ሚልዮን ዶላር፣ ሱዳን 84 ሚልዮን ዶላር፣ ኣልጀሪያ 80 ሚልዮን ዶላር፣ ኣንጎላ 7 ሚልዮን ዶላር፣ ከምኡ’ውን ኤርትራ 73 ሚልዮን ዶላር፣ ብሓፈሽኡ 413 ሚልዮን ዶላር ዘይተኸፍለ ዕዳ ከምዘለወን ኣፍሊጡ።”

        Leaving aside your hypothetical calculations and the duration of period it covers, are you saying the African countries listed in the above statement including Eritrea are not delinquent in their payment? I am just curious.

    • Hameed Al-Arabi

      Ahlan Ustaz Hidrat,

      Surly, all who think there is a government in Eritrea will be amazed by this event. In fact, we have In Eritrea a mafia group whose business is robbery. They have practiced theft upon the people of Eritrea for decades. Now, they have developed their business to the international level. This is not their first time of theft. It happened with Qatar, Saudi Arabia, etc. in the past.

      Definitely, the mafia group laughs on the opposition when they consider them a government.

      Al-Arabi

  • Nitricc

    Hi All; For those of you addicted to Yiakil BS, not that it is bad thing to say YiAkil, in fact it is about time but how? what is browning? how and where are the situations heading? What is interesting is even the Ethiopians are catching up while some Eritreans are sleeping. Listen to this clip; and think about your YiAkil garbage. If Eritreans are not careful, things could go horribly wrong. After what Eritrea went through, it is wise to conclude with best interest of the people and nation. THINK!

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QrmRIDEZM0Uhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QrmRIDEZM0U

    • Hope

      Selamat Gen Nittric:
      That clip has done a great job exposing the ever non-ending TPLF Junta’s day dreaming…
      The clip might have exaggerated and over-analysed things but,hey,that TPLF…living in FANTASIA.
      There is a reason as to why they HATE PIA.

  • Selamat Awate folks,

    AT’s following paragraph doesn’t seem to flow with the rest of the article. It looks and feels out of place. However the mentioning and keeping in the headlines and all Eritrean conversations regarding General Sebhat Efrem should be top priority for the rest of the month of June:

    “An Attempt on the Life of General Sebhat Efrem

    On December 23, 2018, the Zalambessa-Serha border crossing was closed following the December 19, 2018, assassination attempt on the life of Sebhat Efrem, the only surviving four-star general in the Eritrean army and a veteran of the armed struggle. (The other four-star General, Ogbe Abraha, was jailed with the G-15 and in 2001 and is believed to have died in prison.)

    A few days prior to the closure of the border crossing, social media platforms witnessed heightened activities by the supporters of the Eritrean regime accusing the Tigrai ruling party (TPLF) of plotting to “disrupt Eritrean security” and of masterminding the attempt on General Sebhat Efrem’s life”

    I am personally calling for a global blitz of inquiries regarding the well being and whereabouts of the Eritrean Four Star General Sebhat Efrem!

    Here is my rant:
    https://www.youtube.com/edit?video_id=2XHjPzZTnM4&video_referrer=watch

    tSAtSE

  • Nitricc

    Hi All; I don’t even know what to think any more when it comes to Ethiopia. The gay community embarking into Ethiopia’s holy lands. I mean when you think Ethiopia can’t go no lower it gets lower and lowest. The disrespectfulness of the gays to Ethiopia and Ethiopians is mind boggling. Once again how low can Ethiopia go? Ethiopia and Ethiopians culture and their valued religious beliefs will be tested and it will be interesting how they handle this shameful act of gay community. If anyone is gay that is their business but to disrespect society and its value is unacceptable. Ethiopians should stand up at once and foile this BS. The silence of the Ethiopian government is simply shocking.

    • Teodros Alem

      Selam Nitricc
      Basically ethiopia have 2 enemies.
      the 1st enemy is the far right wing of the western world and thier slaves, mainly because of ethiopia’s historical resistance to colonization and bent overing.
      2nd, gays, because of who they r….
      3rd, why u think isam hate so much ethiopia?

      • Nitricc

        by the way gay is punishable by law to 15 years in jail in ethiopia

        Hi Teddy; i think just on paper. TPLF allowed a gay conference when they were told they wouldn’t get aid. so, i doubt your take. look what Ugandan president said …

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yzu4WgUOWUM

        • Teodros Alem

          Selam Nitricc
          Tplf allowed gay conference in ethiopia? When ? I don’t think so, there were a rumor gay conference to take place in ethiopia but i think it didn’t took place. if it is true, it explain why isam love tplf and hate ethiopia so much.
          by the way, those same guys visited egypt, uganda and Tanzania in the past.

          • Amanuel

            Hi guys
            This is homophobic discussion and you guys should be ashamed of it. Where is the moderator these days.
            What is the reason why gay can’t visit any country. Most countries have lows say: people shouldn’t be discriminated based on their race, language, sexually orientations etc. I know some religions don’t tolerate same sex relationships but I also know the same religions not only practice the same sex acts but worst acts like paedophilia behind the curtain.

          • Selam Amanuel,

            As i understood, it is more of the exhibition of their sexual orientation to gain acceptance as a group rather than their interest in the religious site that will take them to Lalibela. Choosing a holy place when they know that the ethiopian orthodox religion is against same sex relationship is the problem. I think that it is said by somebody that surely gay people have visited the holy site as individuals by keeping to themselves their sexuality as a personal thing, and that of course is not a problem. But here it seems that it is about using the holy site for a different purpose. The sentiment of about 50m orthodox christian ethiopians is important and cannot be ignored.

            I do not think that visiting ethiopia by this group is prohibited, and it should not be. There are many tourist destinations in ethiopia that do not raise religious sentiments among the ethiopian people. Why don’t they visit such places and enjoy the country.

            Religious doctrine and the behavior of individual priests are not the same, and the latter do not represent the church or the religion. These are the wrong people.

          • Amanuel

            Hi Horizon
            I understand but Ethiopian Orthodox is not only against same sex relationship but also against adultery, killings, lying and theft among others. If group of killers out of prison want to visit Lalibela, no one will make a fuss. Gay people harm no one. Even being a gay didn’t make it to the list of commandments. My problem is discrimination between the sins according the church. According the bible a sin is a sin.

          • Selam Amanuel,

            We are all sinners, and nobody is without sin, big or small, except Jesus Christ, according to the Christian religion. If the church were to use the ten commandments to choose between who can enter the church and who can’t, churches will remain empty.

            In the example you brought, a group of killers visiting Lalibela, if they come waving a banner and proud of their actions, no one will allow them to enter the holy site. As individuals everybody enters the church with his/her sins. It is an issue between God and the individual, and not between a group and society.

            Being, for example, a member of the mafia group is a crime. Do we find any reference to this in the law one way or the other before the mafia group came to the scene. It was unknown. How can we say that being gay was not mentioned in the commandments as long as it was not a social phenomenon and a big issue, when the commandments were given. Remember, the commandments were social laws by which to live, and therefore depended on phenomena that existed in societies of the time. There are a plethora of phenomena which could be the result of modern and future societies that can’t be anticipated.

            Finally, as societies should respect the rights of LGBT’s, so should they respect the religious sentiments of others. There is no freedom without limit. This time they are encroaching on the rights of christian believers, when they have other choices to do what they want to do.

          • Amanuel

            Hi Horizon
            If you think gay is a modern social phenomenon, I think you need to read the bible again. BTW I agree with your last paragraph. Communities shouldn’t provoke each other.

            My problem is with lack of consistency and homophonic comments like TA’s above gay is the enemy of Ethiopian even before poverty.

            Let me tell you a joke about haleka Gebrhana. I think it is witty and educational. HG spent a night with a local woman and as he was leaving her house a student saw him and got to the church before him and told to the priest. The priest stood at the church gate and expelled HG for his sins. HG went to the women’s gate and told all women to go back as they are not allowed to inter the church. The priest noticing the lack of women at the church asked the student to investigate what has happened. The student found out it was HG told them to go back. HG was asked to appear in front of the king and explain his actions. His defence was “ ጌታየ እኔ ነካህ ብሎ ከተወገዝኩ እነሱ ማ ይዘዉት ኣደል የሚገቡት”
            Have a nice day.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Amanual; you are shame person. Now you are advocating gay people. I have no problem if you are gay but keep it to your self.I would have expected this kind of stand from Semere Andom for obvious reasons but to hear it from you is very disappointing. The gay people have the right to be who they are but they have no right to go holy sights and advertised their Bs to the great proud people of Ethiopia. I was in Germany a couple of years ago and one Eritrean gentleman told me story about the Eritrean Intercontinental hotel of Asmara which is now called Asmara palace hotel . The story as i was told, the two hotel managers of the intercontinental hotel were openly gays and as soon as the Eritrean government found out they were gays, the Eritrean government expelled the two managers from Eritrea in 72 hours and the intercontinental hotel franchise pulled out from Asmara. that is the reason the deal went down and called Asmara palace hotel instead of being intercontinental hotel. You see, a government should protect the people’s value and culture. I admire the government of Eritrea for the action they took to protect then value and culture. Shame on you though. You are clueless and lost individual. I resent for the gays to influence their BS activities on other people. I opposed with strongest possible terms. you are shameless pig.

          • Amanuel

            Hi Nitricc
            I thought you were only hotheaded but you are also an idiot. You don’t have to be gay to oppose homophobia. It is humanity.

            I just spoke to a friend who used to be a middle manager for Asmara Palace and he told me your story is a made up one. This make you also a lair.

            Moderator: You are sleeping at the wheel.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Amanuel; tell me why the internationally known Intercontinetal hotel changed its name to Asmara palace. I have a hunch that your friend was gay and deported. Anyone can be gay or whatever but they don’t have the right to disrespect societies value and culture, Sunshine!!!!

  • Yohannes Zerai

    Dear All,

    In a recent comment posted here at Awate on a different but related thread, someone (I believe it was IsmailAA) likened the strategies that President Isaias and Prime Minister Abiy have adopted for their relationship) to that of “ክልተ ጐራሓት፡ ሓሙኽሽቲ ስንቆም”.

    The Eritrean social parable of the same title is about two smart, but spiteful male residents of a village. The two men agreed to keep each other company on a long and arduous journey that each had wanted to make to a distant village accessible only on foot. The benefits of traveling together were obvious to both, and the only item they underscored was the need to carry their respective food provisions to be shared during their two-day journey.

    As they prepared for the trek, the two concocted — independent of each other — what turned out to be identical plans that allow one to mischievously avoid carrying his own food and, instead, live off the provision that the other will bring for the journey. So, based on the plan, each of the two men secretly packed his food bag (or satchel) with ሓሙኽሽቲ (ash) in order to appear to be carrying food while minimizing the load he has to carry on the journey.

    On the day of their departure, the two travelers showed up at the appointed time and at the specified location. As is the practice among rural folks set for long journeys, each carried two satchels: one containing “food”, the other stuffed with clothing. Thus, having taken looks at each other and having detected nothing objectionable, the two set off on their long journey. And after walking for about six hours, they decided on taking a break to rest and to have lunch. They thus wandered a few meters off the trail, found a nice grassy patch under the shade of trees and sat down facing each other with their satchels placed between them.

    Then one of them said, “Well, time to eat! Why don’t you take out some of the food you have brought so that we can have lunch?”
    The other man frowned showing his rejection of the idea and responded “No, I think we should have lunch from yours.”
    The first one then shot back, “No, no you go first and it will be my turn in the evening.”

    Their ‘pass-the-buck’ game went on for a couple more rounds before the two travel-companions burst into laughter! Being smart and having noted the similar evasive maneuvers performed by both, the two men had just realized that they had, in fact, been playing the same deceptive move on each other all along! Finally, having enjoyed a hearty laughter, they amicably decided to abort the journey and walked back to their village!!

    The moral of the parable is multiple: a) No matter how smart you think you are (hence, believe you can swindle others), you would be surprised to know that most people are as smart as, if not much smarter than, you. b) Dishonesty doesn’t pay and its ultimate reward is shame. Cheaters are losers and are destined to meet with failure. c) If you are unkind to others, you will sooner or later get a taste of your own medicine.
    ———————–

    Coming back to the state of relations between President Isaias and PM Abiy, a few things can be said if past developments were to be viewed against the backdrop of the parable narrated above.

    1. With the passage of time, it has become apparent that PM Abiy’s driving motive has been both his personal ambition and his country’s national interest. President Isaias, on the other hand, has one and only one objective in mind: Self-aggrandizement! His agenda was to acquire greater power and prestige in the region, attain political dominance over it and, in consequence, develop a capability to exert undue influence on national politics in Ethiopia and beyond. If Eritrea’s national interests and aspirations of its people have figured into his political calculations, it is only as bargaining chips to be offered, sold or bartered in the cause of advancing his agenda of self-aggrandisement.

    2. Both President Isaias and PM Abiy seem to have come into signing the peace deal and establishing an alliance with the intent to take (or receive), not to give! If they were willing to give each other anything, it was the misplaced jokes, the uncontrolled laughter, the incessant hand-holding, the endless embraces, the excessive mutual praise and admiration, etc. that we all witnessed. All of these, of course, did turn the standards of diplomatic protocol and decorum and the dignity of state visits on their head!

    At any rate, Abiy’s and Isaias’s observed idiosyncrasies were the ሓሙኽሽቲ that they brought for each other; and in the same way the characters of the parable abandoned their journey and went home, so did Abiy and Isaias cool off their relationship and partially retract to their respective shells. No surprises there!

    4. Isaias’s announcement that he has given his “leadership authority” to Abiy was a joke — to use the tyrant’s favorite word — and it was part of the ሓሙኽሽቲ he brought for Abiy! We know that Isaias had destroyed several heroes of the liberation struggle (and later senior government officials) simply because they called for the return of political power to the people. It is therefore pure naiveté to think that Isaias would give his “leadership authority” to a younger, less experienced leader of another country! It simply is not in his nature to do so!

    5. When Isaias was heard saying that he has given his “leadership authority” to PM Abiy and asserted that Eritreans and Ethiopians are ”one people”, we Eritreans were up in arms; and expansionists in Ethiopia were jumping up and down with joy. It was only a small group of seasoned Ethiopian political observers who went beyond the smoke and mirrors and zoomed in on what really was being said and what really mattered. Unlike the rest of us, they focused on a little-noticed statement made at Millennium Hall in Addis Ababa: Having been delegated by Isaias as “our leader”, Abiy was to “lead with the ADVICE of Isaias”!! Those intellectuals took this statement to be a confirmation of Isaias’s real intentions as outlined in Item #1 above.

    Thank you.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Dear Yohannes,

      Thank you for the explanation to the “Eritrean social parable” and the parallel explanation of the two leaders how they tried to outsmart each other. Finally, the clash of their egos made them ended up to be “ሓሙኽሽቲ ስንቆም” and each one returned back without a noise of accusation to his comfort zone. We knew that they are incompatible leaders with different interest. And thus, the agreement they have entered, will inevitably fail before it is translated into action on the ground. Good analysis, brother.

      • Yohannes Zerai

        Dear Amanuel,

        Thank you for your comment. Yes, the Isaias-Abiy incompatibility that you correctly noted in your comment is a HARD FACT, not hearsay: Not only has it been established by past events, but has also continued to be confirmed by new ones. The current political crisis in Sudan is a case in point. That crisis has interestingly provided yet another evidence for (a) the incompatibility of the two leaders and (b) a proof for the incurable nature of Isaias’s erratic behavior and screwed up mentality.

        a) Regarding the first issue, Isaias’s Ministry of Information issued a press release on June 5, 2019 forcefully arguing that Sudan’s contending political/military forces be left to their own devices vis-à-vis resolution of their problems, and requesting the AU to “refrain from internationalizing and exacerbating the situation in the Sudan.” Two days later, PM Abiy takes the initiative to travel to Khartoum and speaks with the Transitional Military Council (TMC) and Alliance for Freedom and Change (AFC) in a mediation effort to bring the two sides to a compromise position. News reports indicate that PM Abiy will follow his one-day trip to Sudan with sustained diplomatic effort to bring the country’s crisis to an end.

        Needless to say, Sudan is an important neighbor to both Eritrea and Ethiopia and it is one of the countries envisaged to partake in the East-Africa “integration and unification” agenda that President Isaias and PM Abiy championed briefly during the honeymoon-stage of their newfound political romance of the second half of 2018. In concrete terms, and to no one’s surprise, this event alone proves that the two leaders are miles apart in their political outlooks and their positions on issues of common interest. Who can then argue that their split on the Sudanese question does not mark the beginning of a slow unheralded death of the agreement they signed between themselves in July 2018 and the Tripartite Agreement both signed with the Somali president the following September!!

        b) Following the Ethio-Eritrea peace agreement, President Isaias has, with PM Abiy’s help, managed to restore and/or upgrade relations with countries like Somalia, Kenya, Djibouti and South Sudan. Those improved relations and the consequent termination of UN sanctions on Eritrea also seem to have led to a thaw in U.S.-Eritrean relations.

        In reference to these developments, some gullible external observers and Isaias’s ever-dwindling Eritrean supporters have been declaring that Isaias’s Eritrea is improving its diplomatic image and ending its isolation — an isolation that Isaias had brought upon himself and on the country through his erratic behavior, interference in other countries’ affairs and his never-ending diatribe against anyone who does not agree with his crazy ideas.

        Enter the Sudanese political crisis, and Isaias comes lunging to attack the African Union (AU) proving his supporters wrong in the process. He used nasty language to castigate the AU for its “inherent flaws” as well as for its past ”failures,” resulting “liabilities” and “its unwitting role to provide suitable pretexts for external intervention!!” He finally told the contiental organization to keep their hands off Sudan’s affairs!

        So much for improving Eritrea’s diplomatic mage and ending its isolation!! The guy is simply stuck in his cruel and thuggish ways and there is no escaping the fact that those ways will remain with him “till death do us part’! If only his blinded supports could open their eyes to it!!

        Thank you.

        • Haile S.

          Selam Yohannes,

          Good observation. While agreeing with you on the visibly cooling relationship between the two leaders, it would have been considered a flagrant anomaly had IA endorsed the AU stance or PMAA went against it in order to have a shared regional vision. The only time IA will endorse such isolating AU’s stance is if he is elected its chairman. And it is questionable if Ethiopia is ready to give electing vote for such nomination.

          • Yohannes Zerai

            Selam Haile S.

            Precisely! I agree a 100% with your “flagrant-anomaly” comparative assessment of the tendencies of the two leaders. That is why it is becoming increasingly apparent that they are indeed incompatible with each other, to borrow Amanuel Hidrat’s term. Your remark about IA’s sentiments towards the AU and his real status/significance in the overall scheme of things at the continental organization is also spot on. His record of the last 28 years indicates that there will exist no eventuality of Isaias ever becoming civil towards the AU much less playing a prominently constructive role in its endeavors.

            Far from these sensible and rational considerations, however, Isaias’s recent verbal attack on the AU seems to have been prompted by a streak of foresight on his part regarding his own political fate. Fearful that he may soon be forced to deal with a mounting popular resistance and even an uprising of his own, IA’s latest Sudan-related move against the AU may represent his desperate attempt at laying a precedence for “non-interference” by the organization. Because he knows, if it comes down to that, whose side the AU will be on!!

            Thank you

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Yohannes,

      Excellent analysis. Everything he said and done revolved aroud the dictator’s absolute freedom of speech to himself, which he denies to others. He could say what ever pleased him without any concern for responsibility. “ኣይክሰርናን” is sublime expression of arrogance that slighted the wisdom and intelligence of the Eritrean people. The perishing of 19,000 ( to take him at his word) , probably three times that figure injured, unspecified number of missing in action, thousands of citizens displaced from their villages, and above all the national humiliation the defeat in 2000 had caused were dismissed by the a simple word ” ኣይክሰርናን”. Of course, he knew no one would ask him the logical reverse question: What did we gain?

      • Yohannes Zerai

        Selam Ismail,

        I thank you for your comment which, as always, draws attention to the bottom line of what is being discussed here: The Eritrean people have paid a heavy price for Isaias’s politico-military adventures — a documented fact that he is shamelessly trying to deny, but the responsibility for which he cannot escape through deception and double-talk!

        Regarding this particular aspect of our national ordeal, my wish — not by any means an unrealistic one — is to witness one day “ex-President” Isaias standing in a court of law in front of the Eritrean people he victimized, facing the justice he denied to thousands and being asked to answer two simple questions on the subject: What exactly did you mean when you stated “ኣይከሰርናን” ? Who do you think is responsible for all the loss of life, the devastation, the destitution, the despair — in short, the tragedy — that befell the Eritrean people during the war and ever since?

        Thank you

      • Alex

        Hi Ismail AA,
        I was there in the 1998-2000 war and to state we were defeated and humiliated is a low blow that is not expected from some body like yourself. We defended our country in all the fronts and frustrated the enemy from marching to Asmara and capturing assab. They captured badme and some other lands by sacrificing thousands of people through human wave but at what cost. Finally we were vindicated by EEBC verdict that badme is an Eritrean land.

        • Gerogee

          Hi Alex the brave

          I think you are missing his intentions. The likes of him, not only like to put down Eritrea but at the same time Glorify Woyane.

        • Berhe Y

          Hi Alex,

          Everything Ismael said the the truth and the whole truth but nothing but the truth. If we had a proper government and a president who is accountable:

          1) he would never have ordered the army to invade badime without getting the approval of the National Assembly and declare a war.
          2) he would not have single handily decided to reject the peace negotiation without tabling to parliament and the war council. As per letters revealed by then information minister, there was no body but himself and his few circles deciding the whole thing.
          3) Eritrea was forced to accept the peace deal that it refused peacefully and instead accepted to withdraw from its own uncontested lands (25 km) to create the buffer zone. This is not defeat then what is defeat.
          4) 19K and more young people lives have perished by an erratic decision of the president, that their lives could have been spared had Eritrea done everything diplomatically and giving the weyane no excuse to continue the war.
          5)and he tell us aykesernal, where all this could have avoided.
          6) if Eritrea was is a normal country he would have resigned or forced to resign or impeached for starting a war and or for not doing enough to stop it.

          This by no means is glorifying weyane or denying the heroic deeds of the EDF.

          But if you were in the war as you claim to be, you are the first and the last person that I read supporting that disaster war ventured by the president.

          Berhe

          • Alex

            Hi Berhe,
            You are still missing the point. I never defended PIA or any body in Gov to my response to Ismail but EDF who defended the country when they were called for.

        • Haile S.

          Selam Alex,

          I will leave to Ismail to answer to your interrogation on him, but I don’t think he was saying the Eritrean defense force was coward and defeated. He was amazed at the choice of words of our country’s leader for taking things so lightly. I can very well understand Ismail talking from anger, certainly NOT from wanton cowardice. There are people who talk with such sentiments for pure vengeful purposes to beat their chest for momentary satisfaction, an eye for an eye, a sort of Woyane for a Woyane.
          I have seen the living with lost appendage of the war 1998-2000 to save a parcel of land of the independent Eritrea; the way they live, the dependence they depend on sending one of their young children for subsistence purposes abroad to become oddly enough pro-PFDJ because of necessity. Not all who shout Eritrea are for Eritrea, nor those who defend the indefensible the defenders of Eritrean interest. If you are one of those who physically defended, you deserve a great respect, as simple as that. I think Ismail was talking of respecting that sacrifice in whatever the situation.

        • Saleh Johar

          Selam Alex,
          The posturing is so bad that some Eritreans act as if Eritrea belongs to them alone. That should stop. Also, some Eritreans countersigned any national positive aspect, to the pfdj. That is also exclusion that shouldn’t be practiced on citizens and it should stop. If not for the pfdj out state of affairs wouldn’t be in this abysmal condition of disunity and running over your compatriots rights and dignity. As someone who fought for Eritrea, you should remember you fought for all Eritrea not for the glory of the pfdj. That’s when those of us opposed to the oppressive regime find ourselves as a punching bag for the narrow nationalists. But believe me, nothing is static and the balance is already tilted towards justice and freedom. Can you realize that and be a force of good, a force of unity?

          • Alex

            Hi Saleh,
            My response to ismail is not in defense of PFDJ but EDF who did everything asked from them to defend the country. If there is failure in conducting the war then it is up to PIA and the generals to account. So you response is misplaced.

        • Ismail AA

          Selam Alex,

          I understand your sense of patriotism. We as Eritreans are all for patriotism. But in this case your sense of patriotism is very heavily loaded by “ኒሕ”, which pushes us to take refuge in bravado and try to turn loss to gain by over-stating the detail at the expense of the whole in an effort to rationalize defeat. The fact that the enemy stopped before marching to our capital, or not capturing Assab and the tribunal offering Badime to us do not combine to turn military defeat to victory. It pains me to have to I types these words. But the issue is why should we accept the culprit’s rationale “ኣይክሰርናን” and vindicate him from responsibility. For the rest, I humbly refer you to what other brothers have posted on this issue because restating them would be boring repetition.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Ismailo,

            Don’t forget that there were also a warning of “don’t run your tanks to the city and don’t reverse their independence” by the US government. Besides, even though there were the Siye group who wanted to proceed, they were given an order from the commander in Chief not to continue. The fact is, in wars “you could push or be pushed” depending on the nature and the circumstance of your war footing. The other fact is, even the Ethiopian army had pushed miles inside Eritrea, it does not mean also Eritrea has lost completely the war because they can regroup and continue for endless war of attrition. The war was senseless war provoked by our psychopath despot. We have paid dearly our love ones to satiate the ego of our despot.

            Regards

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Aman H,

            I did not see the usefulness of going to details of the war. The issue has been debated voluminously. Your view that Eritrea as a nation did not capitulate and would have pursued resistance to occupation is valid. The probability here is protracted people’s war. But point here is the despot and his enablers lost the conventional trench war. This time around, they should not hoodwink the nation by utterances like “ኣይክሰርናን”. Your still recall the fateful words of Haile Woldetensaie (Drue) “ተጠላቂና ኢና”.

          • Nitricc

            Don’t forget that there were also a warning of “don’t run your tanks to the city and don’t reverse their independence” by the US government. Besides, even though there were the Siye group who wanted to proceed, they were given an order from their commander in Chief not to continue. The fact is, in wars “you could push or be pushed” depending on the nature and the circumstance of your war footing. The other fact is, eventhough the Ethiopian army had penetrated miles inside Eritrea, it does not mean also that Eritrea has lost completely the war. Because they can regroup and continue for endless war of attrition. The war was senseless war provoked by our psychopath despot. We have paid dearly our love ones to satiate the ego of our despot, and has tarnished the bright future of our people,

            Hi Aman-H thanks for coming clean. Thank you!!!! You almost fooled me.

      • mokie berhe

        Salam Ismail AA. Sorry, but it is simply wrong to desecrate Eritrean fighters who lost their lives during the 1998-2000 border war and that is exactly what you have done when you stated ‘The perishing of 19,000 ( to take him at his word) , probably three times that figure injured, unspecified number of missing in action, thousands of citizens displaced from their villages, and above all the national humiliation the defeat in 2000 had caused were dismissed by the a simple word ” ኣይክሰርናን”.’.

        • Hameed Al-Arabi

          Ahlan mokie berhe,

          As the Chinese maxim says: The best leader is who wins a war without losing a single soldier.

          The war of 1998-2000 was Isaias’s war. If there was a defeat, it was only Isaias’s defeat not the Eritrean people or Eritrean fighters.

          Al-Arabi

        • Ismail AA

          Selam mokie berhe,

          I think you have here confusion in usage of verbs. Perish is not synonym of desecrate. You have grabbed logical semantics instead of lexical semantic. You relied on the former to conveniently settle for an implication instead of focusing on the latter to see the difference between the verbs “perish” and “desecrate”. I kindly suggest you might as well want to consult the dictionary.

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Ismail AA. When you state that ‘national humiliation the defeat in 2000 had caused’ it shows disrespect (desecration) for our fallen fighters. National humiliation in the eyes of whom may I ask?

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan mokie berhe,

            When sycho guys guide a nation to a great loss and defeat, certainly it is a national humiliation.

            I called during the war my relatives in Western Eritrea. They informed me that Shabia loaded her properties from the towns of Eritrea and headed towards Sahil. I met a relative who took a taxi from Keren and entered Kassla without being stopped by Shabia. He told me they left Keren, Agordat, Barintu, Tessenai, etc. and headed to the mountains that takes them to Sahil. I think you might heard that Isaias ordered the forces in Assab to retreat, but they refused.

            I want to ask you what does humiliation mean to you? Again I tell you, it was Isaias’s war and he was defeated and humiliated. He called the UN at night to stop the war, but they inform him to call in the morning.

            Al-Arabi

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Hameed Al-Arabi. Let me ask you one question: Have you ever said anything negative against the TPLF? Eritrea has never been defeated and has never surrendered and remains an independent sovereign country.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan mokie berhe,

            Both Isaias and TPLF are the same for me, they worked and are working together to destroy Eritrea. They are both Ethiopians. I wonder, you worship one Ethiopian and you hate the other. Either you are a confused person or you are an Ethiopian. It is a competition among Ethiopians about who will rule the country. Their competition doesn’t concern Eritreans except the ignorant ones who are unable to understand the crookedness of Isaias, TPLF and the rest competitors.

            Al-Arabi

          • Ismail AA

            Selam mokie berhe,

            Neither was it a national jubilation. Again, you are insisting on misusing verb desecrate. The fallen heroes have nothing to do with follies and excesses of the dictator who refused to listen to every advice to sober down and measure to his real size. I can understand your feelings, but hard truth remain to be told, despite the bitterness.

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Ismail AA. PIA’s actions aside, when you assert ‘national humiliation the defeat in 2000 had caused’ you are indeed desecrating our fallen heroes for you are wrongly asserting that Eritrea was defeated and that the nation was humiliated.

          • Ismail AA

            Selam mokie berhe,

            One more time, I do not know how you want to separate the despot from the pains he had caused. Although your personal views and persuasion should be respected, facts remain facts. The fact that the war did not end by generals dictating terms of capitulation to counterparts in shadow of front line command and control tent did not change what had happened. I share with you the bitterness that forces denial. But the despot should be accountable for all the suffering and losses he had caused, and his ” ኣይክሰርናን” subterfuge should not be condoned in anyway.

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Ismail AA. Sorry but I am denying absolutely nothing. The fact is that Eritrea was neither defeated nor humiliated. Both Ethiopia and Eritrea signed a cessation of hostilities agreement and neither surrendered.

          • Ismail AA

            Selam mokie berhe,

            That is fine. What you are arguing is what all of us as injured Eritreans would like to feel and think. The difference is ability to accept or deny what had happened to our young nation due to the ego and self aggrandizement of one person. So, I refuse to endorse his arrogant ” ኣይክሰርናን” utterance, which is spraying salty water in to an open wound. It is only the “ኒሕ” that is forcing you to persevere in your argument. Otherwise, I listen to the pain deep inside you – same way the rest of us Eritreans feel. Thanks for your civil engagement.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Ismail; I know you hate the government of Eritrea and it fair whatever you do or say against the government but it is a slap in the face of those brave young Eritreans who absolutely foiled the grand plan of the weyane. I can understand for defending and even loving the weyane thugs but however; it should not be at the expense of the truth and the brave young Eritreans. What I don’t get is what is the love with TPLF thugs and you people? I don’t get it?

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Nitricc,

            I do not think for a single moment you are not competent enough to discriminate between objective and subjective judgement. You are making flagrantly biased judgement. You have never read me or heard me “loving” the TPLF. If you have fallen in the trap of gross generalization that all people opposing the regime in our land do love the TPLF, then that would be an utter fixation that cannot be cured. If I tell you the wound the unholy alliance of TPFL and EPLF had caused to us is deeper than the wound you claim to have after that alliance broke down, you won’t believe me. As to the young men and women who had fallen in a whimsical war triggered by the despot, I am sure you won’t dare to tell me they are more dearer to you than me. The right thing to do would have been to separate their issue from the misguided egotistical decisions the despot made. Now, it is adding salt in to an injury to use them as pawns to defend the culprit and his oppressive regime.

          • Nitricc

            Hey Ismail; I know better not to include on the lovers block. I am just sad to read what Aman-H wrote a lie with no source to defend his take. He will do anything to serve the thugs. So, I Have did extensive research at the war between Ethiopia and Eritrea. I have seen none what Aman-H posted. NONE! People keep saying Border war. It wasn’t. If the conflict was about Badime; why were 50K solders fully armed on Assab-front? Why in Egri-mekel? Why ? The plan was to capture Assab, to enter Asmara and to break the spinal cord of Eritreans once for all. Make no mistake. Unlike what Aman-H has told the lie that the war was stopped at the orderS of Ethiopian commanders. WRONG! The dead midget asked the commander in Badime-front if he can advance and the commander response was “impossible” again the dead midget asked the central commander if he can Advance and the commander told Melles “ it is impossible to advance” then Melles asked the Bure front if he can advance toward of Assab; the commander response was “let me try” Sure he did try but the brave Eritreans stopped him in his trucks. That was the reason
            Bure-Front was the last to stop. Like I have said I have done the best I can to research and collect materials on the Ethio-Eritrea war. The point Aman-H is telling you a lies the TPLF thugs will tell you.

          • Alex

            Hi Nitricc,
            kudos to your analysis. Exactly that is what happen in 2000. The war was stopped since TPLF leader knew our EDF which was intact could counter attack at any time since his last minute attack in bure to capture assab was stopped in it trucks .

          • Alex

            Hi Ismail,
            I have so much respect for you as former tegadaly but I do not agree with you when it comes to the war of 1998-2000. We are not defeated or humiliated on the war. In any war it is normal to lose a battle which we did in badme and zalanbessa area but we won in assab, adi bagio. Finally, we crashed the enemy plan to march to Asmara and assab which failed miserably by heroic EDF. You can blame PIA as much as you want but do not try to use unnecessary words that can affect the members of EDF.

    • Hameed Al-Arabi

      Ahlan Yohannes Zerai,

      Isaias mission from beginning to end was/is to destroy Eritrea and her people. Isaias will not deviate from his principal job. Isaias and Abie Ahmed were planning to make merging smooth, but the move of Eritreans in diaspora and inside Eritrea has played a great role in distracting their plan.

      I think, Isaias has exposed all his cards and his deep enmity to the people of Eritrea. Isaias has ignored all who were supporting him for decades when he signed all his agreements with Abie Ahmed. They were/are nothing of importance in front of Isaias.

      Al-Arabi

  • Hayat Adem

    Dear friends,
    The link to the long youtube video Kaddis posted for us yesterday has lots of interesting stuff. Three points I was attracted are:
    1) The US ambassadors said IA is an erratic and unstable person. What is new here is these are diplomats who found it important to spell out loud- extreme case. What really became too much?
    2) The ambassadors said PM Abiy has been played by IA. What is new here is that a popular leader of a more powerful country is outfoxed by a hated, doddering and weak leader of a disoriented nascent country.
    3) The ambassadors said “ethnic” federalism is the best option Ethiopia got. I never called the ethiopian system ethnic federalism but for this discussion’s case, let’s assume it is. It is the only time i am hearing diplomats of the USA publicly speaking in defense of the current Ethiopian arrangement.

    • Teodros Alem

      selam hayat
      the federal arrangement in ethiopia will be implemented accordingly as it is written on the constitution, there is no question about it, but the identity poltics will be history in the near future.
      and the ambassadors didn’t exactly said ” ethnic federalism is the best option ethiopia got.

      • Hayat Adem

        Teodros,
        Go and listen again. That is exactly what Amb David Booth said when he answered the questions.
        We are talking about the constitution. What exactly ia playing in your mind when you say, the constitution will be implemented but identity politics will be removed?

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Hi Hayat,

          He does not understand that their constitution depicts federal arrangement (federal states) based on languages and cultural entities of the Ethiopian social groups. You know what you have to do with him.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam aman h
            u don’t understand anything except lying and worshiping tplf even with out understand what they r doing.
            according to the constitution there 5 criterias to form kilil, language, history, geography, the people willingness, and psychological similarity(culture).

        • Teodros Alem

          selam hayat
          am talking about ethnics poltics and the federal arrangement is two different things and there is nothing in the constitution that say ethnic poltics, all it say is self government. and when i say the constitution will be implemented as it aay in the constitution means the constitution will be implemented as it say in the constitution, not by egocentric political party as it wish.

          • Kaleb

            Hi Teodros,
            I am not sure how you are understanding ethnic politics, but let me say this. The beginning and the end of the Ethiopian constitution is “Article 39”, it is the supra of all articles, it is the “nuclear” option. Thus, as long as article 39 is there, call it identity politics, call it state politics, call it cultural politics, call it ethnic politics, it will be there for years to come.
            Yes, you right there is nothing about identity politics in the constitution, rightly so, however it doesn’t prohibit to have one either. What you need to understand is as long as there is Article 39 in the constitution, you can have anything within the boundary of the constitution, which means regional politics (some call it identity/ethnic politics) will be there for years to come.
            I hate to say it again, but the Ethiopian politics is all summed up in Article 39. In my opinion article 39 creates respect and compromise between different political forces. To be honest, when I see it now, it was/is a genius idea to include it as part of the constitution. Note that for those who likes to play population size (I call it majority tyranny) it is a medicine. Afar people can have their interest respected as long as Article 39 is in the constitution, you can’t ban “Afar Democratic Party” who fights for their own people. Just my two cents.

            Thanks,

          • Teodros Alem

            selam kaleb
            basically , artical 39 is talking about self rule and secession, and if u go to another artical(forgot the number) , there r article in the constitution that talk about the criteria for secession, for example oromia and harere can’t use that artical Becouse of geography, i know most people don’t know about it but according to the constitution geographical locations is a criteria.
            2nd, according to the constitution every ethiopian who reside in particular kilil is a full member of that kilil, regardless of his ethnic background.

    • Consolation

      Hayata,

      Mature people are more worried when Americans are nice towards them. because it means they are being used like a condom and would sooner or later be treated like a used condom. I am sure you understand how the TPLF was used by Americans. I am sure you remember all those flaming words Susan Rice used at Meles’ funeral. What she was saying is that Meles was a useful idiot who served America well. Once Tigray’s usefulness ended, they were the first to forget your existence. Isu is not like that. Americans respect him and will never say nice things about him, at least not publicly. What they love is those who jump before they are even asked to do so.

    • Hope

      Aheln Biki Ya Habibti Weled Abuye Adem:
      I wish you could use your talent and intellect with honesty and credibility….but it is so sad that you have chosen other wise.
      “1) The US ambassadors said IA is an erratic and unstable person. What is new here is these are diplomats, who found it important to spell out loud- extreme case. What really became too much?

      Why and in what sense is IA erratic and unstable?

      About closing the border?

      About the unexecuted agreements?

      Please explain on the behalf of the ‘Good Amb”.

      “2) The ambassadors said PM Abiy has been played by IA. What is new here is that a popular leader of a more powerful country is outfoxed by a hated, doddering and weak leader of a disoriented nascent country”.

      a)If he/IA is a weak Leader,why has/have he out-smarted and out-lived the most” loved” and the “strongest” Leaders and their powerful nation?

      b)What was the Amb’s role during the PMMZ era vis-a-vis-the Eritrean situation?

      3) The ambassadors said “ethnic” federalism is the best option Ethiopia got. I never called the ethiopian system ethnic federalism but for this discussion’s case, let’s assume it is. It is the only time i am hearing diplomats of the USA publicly speaking in defense of the current Ethiopian arrangement.”.

      Well,if that was the case,then why was Ethiopia close to collapsing due to the non-ending Ethnic conflicts and inter-ethnic fightings?
      I thought the major factor for the Ethiopian MESS has been the ethnic based Federal Arrangements.

      a)Why is your fav Amb shying away from analysing and giving us his “Expert” Analysis about the CORRUPT Political and Economic policies due to the same TPLF’s Federal Corrupt Arrangements?

      b)Why is shying away from addressing the destructive roles of the same CORRUPT TPLF and its defiance against the Ethiopian Federal and International Laws and Norms,which are the major obstacles to the Peace Process and Economic Developments?

  • mokie berhe

    Salam all. A man wearing a niqab was caught entering Debre Berhan University with weapons before he had a chance to complete his mission and has been identified as a spy for the TPLF. The TPLF continues to stir security problems throughout Ethiopia in its bid to create instability within PMAA’s Government.

    • Peace!

      Hi Mokie,

      You never know desperate times call for desperate measures ወይ ክብ ወይ ግብ strategy. I remember when Meles congratulated Ethiopian Muslims on occasion of Eid then the next day he turned around and imported Ahabash from Lebanon and tried to divide the community which turned out to be his the beginning of the end.

      Peace!

      • Hayat Adem

        Hi Peace,
        My understanding is Ahbash is Ethiopian. It is in fact, characterstically, from the Suffi school of Islam. What Meles brought migh have been the scholars but not the school itself as it basically is rooted in Ethiopia. What seems really more alien for Ethiopian Islam is Whabism and salafism.

        • Peace!

          Hi Hayat,

          I rather leave the detail to Muslim Ethiopians who came out in millions for peaceful protest, and to the jailed and tortured committee leaders. The point is rather his interference in religion matters for his futile divide and rule attempt.

          Peace!

          • Hayat Adem

            Hi Peace,
            You said this at the start: “I rather leave the detail to Muslim Ethiopians”
            And then this:
            “…who came out in millions for peaceful protest, and to the jailed and tortured committee leaders. The point is rather his interference in religion matters for his futile divide and rule attempt.”
            ARE AN ETHIOPIAN MUSLIM OR YOU DIDN’T MEAN IT?

          • Peace!

            Hi Hayat,

            Does it matter given the obvious issue here is the true color of Meles and his dirty ploys. What he did to the innocent journalists, religious leaders, farmers, and peaceful election protesters will remain part of his legacy for generations to come.

            Peace!

          • Hayat Adem

            Peace,
            I now know what you meant¡

          • Peace!

            Hi Hayata

            Whatever that’s it doesn’t bother me a bit plus I understand Meles, too, has his own Nihna Nissu Nissu Nihna followers. ወንጮ ተገልበጥካዮ ወንጮ:)

            Peace!

        • Teodros Alem

          selam.hayat
          u got it all wrong, u understand it all wrong, the Imam is ethiopian from harare(habesha) who lives in Lebanon for so long and the name alahbash driven from the imam origin habeaha and the sect has nothing original with ethiopia, except the imam is ethiopian and created the sect after he moved to Lebanon.

    • Hope

      Selam Mekonen:
      Spot on,bud.
      The AU issued for the second time a serious Security Alert for its employees including the Embassies and their Diplomats per the Reporter.
      You guessed it right as to who might be behind these well organized crimes by well armed gangs.

  • mokie berhe

    Salam Hayat Adem, Paulos and Amanuel Hidrat. If you believe that MZ and Zenawism was so great and what the TPLF achieved over the past 3 decades is so appreciated by Ethiopians, suggest that you then put on an ‘I am Getachew Assefa’ T-shirt and wear it for one day in Addis Ababa, Semera, Hawassa, Bahir Dar, Asosa, Gambella, Jijiga, Nekempte, and Adama. I am sure that the feelings of ‘love’ for MZ and the TPLF that you will receive will simply be overwhelming.

    • Paulos

      Mokie,

      You need help. Obviously, you are not well.

      • mokie berhe

        Salam Paulos. Many thanks for you concern. Maybe for yourself, you can start out by wearing an ‘I Luv Meles’ T-shirt and walk around Adama town for a day with an MP4 pumping Elton John’s song ‘Can you feel the love tonight’.

    • Kaleb

      Hi mokie berhe,
      You need to differentiate two things.
      1. Did MZ and TPLF achieve great development in Ethiopia?
      2. Is the achievement appreciated by Ethiopians?
      Those are two different things, I can assure you that MZ and TPLF has done great things with regard to development, you can measure it by any metrics (GDP, GNI, Human Development Index (HDI) etc), no one can deny that, however whether Ethiopians appreciate that or not is a different matter. Note that the comparison isn’t relative to Kenya or South Africa, the comparison should be “1991 Ethiopia vs 2018 Ethiopia”.
      Acknowledging what MZ and TPLF have achieved doesn’t mean you appreciate what they have done to Eritrea and Eritrean people. If we are going to move forward we have to start to be honest to ourselves. Acknowledging MZ and TPLF achievement has nothing to do with Eritrea matters. We can condemn strongly and hold responsibility what MZ and TPLF has done to Eritrea however, we have to acknowledge that MZ and TPLF has changed Ethiopia for good. I vividly remember what Ethiopia looks like in 1991, to say there was no development it just doesn’t hold water, I would say it is intellectually dishonest.
      Sometimes people vote against their own interest, two years ago “The Economist” has asked a question “Why people vote against their economic interests”. The conclusion was some people are interested to satisfy their “EMOTIONAL” need rather than their “LOGICAL” need. Thus, because Ethiopians aren’t appreciating the development it doesn’t mean there was no economic stride.

      By the way, if you are this much interested about MZ and TPLF achievement, can you ask the same question about DIA and PFDJ achievement? What have they achieved since 1991?

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Kaleb,

        If people hate “someone” by one thing, they will not admit the achievements of the “someone” in other area of national matters. The economic and infrastructural developments are true and the facts on the ground speak themselves. The Problem with EPRDF was political in nature (a) they couldn’t open public spheres where civil society can mashroom and (b) could not open space for other political forces for fare competition. Other than that EPRDF has changed Ethiopia for good and will continue to do so, if they maintain the “front-party” and the current Federal arrangement. If they don’t Ethiopia may face the Yugoslavia fate. Centralized Unitary government will not hold the unity of their diversity especially after they have tasted exercised the power of autonomy in the last 28 years.

        Regards

      • mokie berhe

        Salam Kaleb and thanks for your comments. Development achieved during the TPLF regime to whose benefit and at what cost? The U.S. achieved great development before the Emancipation Proclamation but obviously not everyone benefited. Those who think Ethiopians should endure abject injustice, lack of freedom, routine indignity and dehumanization in exchange for economic well being are either those associated with the TPLF or are in some way have profiting from the TPLF. There was no doubt that a small segment of the population, who were ethnically and politically connected to the regime, fared fantastically well. Just look at the number of TPLF alligned millionaires and billionaires which cam about. Do we wish to mention Meles’s family directly? While I will not deny that there has been economic growth in Ethiopia over the past three decades, the much-touted GDP double-digit growth is far less when measured in per capita terms and fails to give proper attention to the fact that inflation has also been in the double digits for the corresponding period. And, whatever economic growth was achieved under the TPLF regime, was mainly financed by other peoples money. As of early 2016, the TPLF regime had borrowed $21.7 billion (over 30 percent of the country’s GDP) from external lenders. Including domestic borrowing, this figure arisen to close to $40 billion (or over 54 percent of GDP). The TPLF’s claimed economic growth was certainly exaggerated, inequitable, and debt-ridden and is the cause of why PMAA took over a extremely shaky national economy.

        The TPLF regime controlled all the real estate in the country, urban and rural land included; it was the largest employer; the largest procurer and the largest borrower. The TPLF regime used its political power to punish its opponents economically – individuals, groups, regions alike. It discriminated against regions that put up political resistance or support opposition parties in the allocations of public infrastructure; systematically undermining investments by certain private businesses in certain areas; and even by withholding medical and humanitarian support to “unfriendly” regions.

  • Selam All,

    What pm Abiy is doing is much more difficult than the tplf way of kill and terrorize and create a seemingly peaceful and secure ethiopia. If democracy was not his commitment and dictatorship was his choice, it is as simple as declaring a state of emergency, bringing out the security and the army, killing some hundreds and even thousands as tplf did, and a purportedly peaceful ethiopia will be what you get. But, this is simply postponing and delaying democracy. Ethiopia had been there, and what is the use of going back, while we talk about democracy.

    In the meantime, is ethiopia being lost to chaos and instability? I do not think so. There are groups who started as bandits, called themselves liberation front and have regressed back to banditry. There are groups who are paid by anti-reform forces to destabilize the country and undermine the government as long as they are not in power. These anti-social forces and enemies of the country are not only in the bushes but in the military and security as well. They have said that ethiopia will not exist unless they are the masters, and they are implementing there program.

    I think that nothing is being forgotten by the government. Those who have been culprits of different crimes are being surrounded and lead to the court of law even months after they committed the crime, some shiftas have no choice but to continue as shiftas until their demise, because they have committed gross criminal acts, and they know that their fate is either death or prison, and they have chosen the first. Things are not completely out of control as many would like to say. If appeasing by killing (the tplf way) is their choice, it is not impossible, but I hope it will not come to that.

    Concerning the rhetoric Abiy gained nothing from the rapprochement with IA, i think that he lost nothing either. IA opened the borders and closed them, he is now isolating himself again while the world community is expecting him to come forward and function within the world community, lifting sanctions will not benefit him other than enabling his officials to travel around (because that was all there was to it as much as sanctions are concerned), no one would want to engage him as long as prisoners are not freed, the young continue to languish under the long term military service, which forces them to continue to flee the country, the economy remains stagnant, etc. PM Abiy simply threw the ball to IA’s court, and he is waiting and the world community is waiting as well, and no one will condemn pm Abiy for that, at least as much as the world community is concerned, if we leave out those whose job it is to accuse and insult him and undermine his government.

    • Admassie

      Selam Horizon,

      “If democracy was not his commitment and dictatorship was his choice, it is as simple as declaring a state of emergency, bringing out the security and the army, killing some hundreds and even thousands …”

      Your statement is similar to what Abiy himself says when asked about the failed security of citizens and the country – ” እኔ ሰው በመግደል አላምንም !”

      This reminds me some one who gave similar ተመጻዳቂና ግልብ reply to a concerned neighbor’s request about a misbehaving son.

      ጎረቤት: አቶ … እንዲያው ይሄን ልጅህን ቆንጠጥ ብታደርገው ምናለ! የሰፈር ነውጠኛ ሆኖ አስቸገረን።

      አባት: አይ ወዳጄ እኔ ልጅ በመደብደብ አላምንም።

      ጎረቤት: ማን ደብድብ አለህ? ስድ በመልቀቅና በመደብደብ መሃል ሌላ ስርዓት የማስያዣ መንገድ የለም?! የሰዉ ሁሉ ልጅ እየተደበደበ ነው ጨዋ የሆነው?

      So, Abiy says ” I do not believe in killing” and you seem to reflect that.

      1. No one says he has to kill. But we expect him to be in control of his duty in bringing peace, stability and order. Otherwise, though he may not ordered any killings, but still we are dying and he is responsible for doing nothing as head of the state to stop the killings and displacements. እሳት ካየው ምን ለየው እንዲሉ ገዳይም ባይሆን ከገዳይ አላስጣለንም!

      2. No need to assign the blame to others for the instability of the country. He and his team has sabotaged in destroying the structure of the government to the kebele level before they hold the throne. Now that vacuum is played by any one who feels killing and reigning.

      3. Abiy feels he can sail the huge ship, Ethiopia, safely by making a ninety degree turn. But that is a fatal error. It is causing an engulfing turbulence that shakes the ship to the verge of sinking.

      Admassie A.

      • Teodros Alem

        selam admassie
        i think u don’t know anything better than ur experience in 06, killing, torturing ….. we r living in 21 century,
        u r a good example for the say that say ” u can’t teach old dog new tricks”.
        1st, the killing is way way less now day than 2- 3 years ago so what u saying don’t make any sense.
        2nd,ethiopia is safer now than 2 -3 years ago, atleas 3A is by far the most nationalist leader ethiopian ever had.

      • Selam Admassie A,

        What is the other way to bring peace, stability and order, other than the use of force in a country that has just come out of dictatorship? Now, on the contrary, it is some ethiopians who are violent and not the state. Democracy could be the medicine, but they do not want to take the medicine, and they are throwing it away. If explaining to people that the law should be respected is all that is needed, the pm is doing exactly that day and night, but he doesn’t seem to have the right audience. There are people who are there with the aim not to respect the law and undermine the reform.

        Of course, you may ask, should it continue as it is? It doesn’t mean that the government is not doing anything. Simply there are people who are hell bent to create chaos. If things continue as they are and soft power is not helping, one has to save the country. People are already asking for it. But, if he uses force, even if he gets (i am sure he will get) a vociferous condemnation by the same people who wanted the situation to deteriorate and worked for it, it won’t be the sole decision of the pm and he will have the support of the majority. Most of these anti-peace elements are there in the name of their people and they are killing and robbing their own people, which shows how much unethical and criminals they are.

        Another odd example is when people do not want to participate in the peace and security of the society. Case in mind is the thing that seems to be happening in addis, that it is impossible to find police recruits, because addis ababans think that the salary is not satisfactory, and the source of police force seems to be the killils as I understand towards which addis ababans throw complaints. What would one say when the same people go out to robe civilians in the streets of the capital and the culture of corruption is rampant at all levels.

        This gives the impression that some ethiopians are not the type of people who understand what it means to respect the law and live under democracy. One cannot always say that it is due to the absence of education. If freedom means chaos and banditry, it will not take anybody a long distance. There will be a price to pay. How else do you handle such people, other than the use of force? It is not a family problem affecting one brat; it is the problem of groups of people and the society. The only ቁንጥጫ one can have in mind is to use state force. Now, if some ethiopians can’t live without the stick, is it possible to control them by working within the law and without using state violence? Maybe possible or maybe not; but one has to resort to force as the last measure. What is there in between?

        One of the reasons there is instability is due to the fact that the pm has not succeeded yet to dismantle the tplf deep state, and the main reason his government is sabotaged at all levels. The bureaucracy and the institutions are still in the hands of those who were working for the previous regime. That is why we hear that if somebody is replaced the government is accused of replacing them with a member of its own ethnic group.

        Finally, there is no one recipe for ethiopia, tplf and the tplf way. Moreover, we cannot simply brush away the responsibility of the culprits and say that all the fault lies with the government.

        • Admassie

          Selam Horizon,
          Thank you for your measured response.

          People are getting violent because most of the regional states are weak and its functionaries to the kebele level are in paralysis. Administrates, courts and police lost their powers to Qieros, Fanos and alike and the government is unable to bring its jinni in to the bottle. These elements were praised and emboldened and hence feel invincible. It created a bad precedence and trend and others started to emulate it. In the absence of law enforcement lawlessness reigns.

          The governing party apparatus is not functioning as one command and its set of goals and decisions are not translated properly through out its hierarchy. Every new appointee wants to be part of the መደመር mood and feels preaching “love” alone will do law and order.

          The notion that the stability of the country during the previous government is because of its excessive force is just part of the ወደቀ ሲሉት ተሰበረ narration by elites that exaggerates the mistakes of the previous administration. Stability comes from stable political and administrative functionaries of a government. Citizens sense if a government is stable and in control. Hence, majority feels confident and less vulnerable to few’s lawlessness. On the other hand, a weak administration emboldened few bandits to exploit the situation and start to terrorize a society. In contrary the majority of the society feels abandoned and left alone which creates frustration and anarchy. Therefore, we need a government who puts his house in order so that citizens feel safe and confident.

          You said “…in addis, that it is impossible to find police recruits, because addis ababans think that the salary is not satisfactory, and the source of police force seems to be the killils…” Well, salary could be one reason, but what goes around comes around – we were trashing the police as a killing machine of the government and who want to be part of such a tainted body? Otherwise in a city with hundred of thousands of unemployed young citizens roaming on its streets, finding a few hundreds of recruits would have not been a big issue.

          ” One of the reasons there is instability is due to the fact that the pm has not succeeded yet to dismantle the tplf deep state, and the main reason his government is sabotaged at all levels. The bureaucracy and the institutions are still in the hands of those who were working for the previous regime. That is why we hear that if somebody is replaced the government is accused of replacing them with a member of its own ethnic group.”

          1. The old EPRDF appointees are already gone! Even professionals has been replaced by Abiy and Takele Uma and Abiy has got an unprecedented public support. Therefore, throwing “being sabotaged” as scapegoat for his failure is an outdated cry.

          2. Since it has been said TPLF is from a minority, since most working in the bureaucracy and institutions are replaced and since it is said TPLF is rejected by most Ethiopians, where does the “deep state” of TPLF come from?

          Admassie A.

          • Selam Admassie A,

            Regional states were not weakened. Simply some corrupt and criminal officials were replaced by more democratic functionaries. Was it possible to keep the somali president and his liyu police, for example, whose crimes are yet to be fully known. Most of the regional states were corrupt to the bone, because they were proxies serving the center, and they should be replaced by young and educated people like the somali state president. But, that does not mean that the job has been done completely. Those who have not been changed are found conspiring with criminal elements.

            Tplf had placed its men and women at every level to the last qebele, and that was the reason ethiopian federation was called by some a “centralized federation”. That is gradually replaced by more genuine federalism, and hence maybe the reason the machine is not yet functioning as it did during tplf rule, which was under total control and not democratic.

            The querros and fanos were exploited by people like jawar, and their influence is gradually decreasing with time.

            It is more or less equivalent to saying that the 2005 killings and many more, the agazi killing force, corruption, ethiopian prisons speak afan oromo and full to the brim, etc are all exaggerations by the elites. We may as well say that the meto-be-meto result of the elections, more than ninety percent of high officers in the armed forces were from one ethnic group, etc as imagination of the elites.

            Ethiopians had no love but fear for tplf, they felt no confidence and they knew that they could not speak their minds in public. This does not mean that citizens felt safe, because they were silent, afraid of the regime than anything else, nor did they accept or trust tplf. If so, why would they depose it?

            Tplf killing machine was the agazi special force, different from the police force, we are talking about.

          • Admassie

            Selam Horizon,

            ወደቀ ሲሉት ተሰበረ politics is the modus operandi of the elites since the time EPRDF came to power. Behind the name of trade unions such as Ethiopian Teachers Association, Ethiopian Journalist Association; in the name of “free press”, in the name of “intellectuals”, in the name of churches and so on, elites were engaged in exaggerating and twisting any thing EPRDF.

            “Tplf had placed its men and women at every level to the last qebele,…” This is one example how ወደቀ ሲሉት ተሰበረ is explained!

            The death in 2005, the meto-bemeto election result, the corruption and so on are facts and no one denied. But one needs to put facts in context. In your earlier note, you suggested this “If things continue as they are and soft power is not helping, one has to save the country.” You suggested to use force, that includes killings, in order to save a country, if violence continues. But it has to be exaggerated and make it out of this world if the one who use the force is EPRDF like in the 2005. And again, this is how ወደቀ ሲሉት ተሰበረ is explained!

            Admassie A.

      • Kaddis

        Selam Gash Admassie
        I hear a lot about Abiy being not violent. I think his preacher photolica is working on some. How is allowing regions like Amhara to over arm itself and hiring vindicative ex derg/ tplf time prisoner (admitted coup) security chief considered peaceful ? How is hiring General Kemal Gelchu against OLF is peaceful? Creating displacement and violence in Somali , Guji, Gedeo Benishangul to buy loyalty from regions using state actors is not peaceful at all.
        The political space is only open for the already powerful like Jawar, militant (ADP, ABN) the Muslim brotherhoods with gulf backers, Tewahdo factions, coopted Berhanu Nega etc…check how Eskender is being hassled ( not a fan at all)
        Abiy is a ye EPRDF dumb version who is trying to retain power violently, at least the previous did it by faking ballot under oppressed system

        • Peace!

          Hi Kaddis,

          Eritreans criticize Abiy for obvious valid reasons, but when it comes to Ethiopians, one expects a good alternative for valid shortcomings. If you are criticizing/bashing Abiy just to portraying the era of Abd’lley and Getachew Asefa as non violent, “faking ballot under oppressed system,” I can see why Ethiopians are not in the streets protesting against the prime minister. Are you advocating for TPLF 2.0?

          Peace!

          • Kaddis

            Selam Peace –

            I said few points above under Gash Aman if it helps. Criticizing Abiy is not supporting TPLF. What is the difference of Abdi Elley and General Asaminew Tsiegie ? Do you see any guarantee TPlf or worse 2.0 is not currently happening? Do you see an independent parliament or media or judiciary capable of stopping that? Do you expect a regional armed politician leaving power through election? Do you remember we complaining EPRDF cadres buy votes by fertilizers? how about now? …the democratic process is the same everywhere …so is the complain.

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Kaddis,

            What do you think Abiy / Lemma intimate goal is? I have a feeling this is more than wanting / retaining power. All Abiy could have done was wait / keep all things smooth and win the election.

            Is there a plan to break up Ethiopia and separate Oromo state by incorporating Addis Abeba as a long term plan, and they are preparing the ground for it?

            Berhe

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Kaddis,

          Can you please elaborate the following statement? It sounds an unforeseen ploy against the Ethiopia-Somali people.

          “Creating displacement and violence in Somali , Guji, Gedeo Benishangul to buy loyalty from regions using state actors is not peaceful at all.”

          Second, the political space seems for specific political forces as oppose to the way he was projected by his supporters. I am referring to your phrase “ political space is only open for…,……”.

          Regards

          • Kaddis

            Selam Gash Aman,

            Its evident now – sate actors (regional army, police,federal army, regional gov armed militias ) are creating violence for many
            reasons; the grand outcome ( federal level) is to justify no election until they make sure they will retain power after the inevitable election. Its working; everybody is saying the country
            is not stable enough to hold election ( forget the free & fair) – so Abiy and his cohorts are happy. There are Press conferences by the military stating they could not stop the fighting because both sides are state actors, example Ataye, Kemise, north Shoa etc..

            The immediate outcomes in smaller regions is to
            forcefully shift loyalty to OPDO – from the presumed TPLF. All except Afar and Tigray are left; more violence is expected. ODPO is also cheating the Amhara region by letting to over arm itself, instigating violence using its diversity & disputed areas fault lines (Oromo, Qimant, Agew) and fuelling tension against Tigray region to weaken the Amhara region power. Its working – with
            a possibility lawlessness reign and Amhara region become a minority voice on federal level.

            TPLF could be involved here and there but could not find strong association in the violences yet; some accuse them they are handing fire to other regions to keep the fire away from their region.
            Its too messed up to make sense honestly – I wouldn’t go to the Southern region balkanization, Kush (BS), the Gulf, Sudan, economy etc …

        • Admassie

          Selam Kaddis,

          A good point. Yes the team includes people like General Asaminew Tsegie, who is infatuating with war, wants score an old grudge at the expense of unsuspecting youth and at the risk of sliding a country in to chaos and hence, we are being told Abiy is for “love”. As long as people demonize TPLF, they are part of the MEDEMER and are taken as democrat.

          It is funny that the much acclaimed reform is turned in to “either you are with us or …” type bravado which will take us in to a dangerous end, contrary to the spirit of the reform hoped at the beginning. For some elites, as long as TPLF and the spirit of the Tigray people is contained, they do not mind if democracy goes in to the drain.

          Picturing the past 27 years as the worst Ethiopian history is bogus and it is የሞገደኛ ደባተራዎች፣ እንደ ኢሳት ያሉ በጥላቻ የታወሩ የሚዲያ አውታሮች እና አጋሮቻቸው ሰበካ ነው፡፡

          As it has tremendous achievements, the past has a lot of faults and wrongs. For sure, we will see similar faults and it will stay as a challenge for long whom ever is in power. But thriving forward needs recognizing the good and correcting the bad. Exaggerating faults and falsifying facts will end us in to a corrupted reality. And that is where we are and Abiy is not helping either.

          Admassie A.

  • Kaddis

    Dear friends –

    “Abiy was played by Isayas…what did Ethiopia got from the rapprochement? At least Eritrea got a face and sanction lifts …( not the right word except the first one ) …” said the recent ex-Ambassador of US to Ethiopia Donald Booth

    If you don’t have time to listen the whole thing or tired of Ethiopian recent past politics…go to 1 hour 20 plus …

    I find the video interesting and could not add more…except we have a juvenile PM who doesn’t have the capacity to understand how Ethiopia was kept floating and you guys need to pray lol…all the panellists could not say anything but to repeat “Isaias is erratic”..

    One thing to add – I am totally (positively) surprised, unlike some in the current Trump administration who are newborn neo-liberals, all the ex top guys in the foreign services sympathise or are willing to give Developmental and revolutionary or social democracies a chance recognising societal etc…differences.

    Its almost weekend in Addis 🙂 or if link removed google
    A Changing Ethiopia: Lessons from U.S. Diplomatic Engagement

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FBQDiiEbknE&t=6307s
    Cheers,

    • T. Kifle

      Dear Kaddis,
      “what did Ethiopia get from the rapprochement?” This is good question and we can safely assume that we have an eased border tension though no one can be sure of its sustainability. Other than that Ethiopia achieved nothing. In fact it got hurt since this particular issue was used in building the personality of Abiy as a peacemaker. In his hankering to be a pacifier, he put the country on a hot plate.

      • Kaddis

        Dear T.Kifle

        The discussion on the video gave me this sense of the Americans have a messenger boy now in place that they can talk about Ethiopia in the past tense. Ethiopia proved from the rapprochement; the best we can do with Eritrea is the no peace no war as long as Isias is there. We could not even exchanged prisoners in one year.

        • Alex

          Hi Kaddis,
          Why do you except more from Eritrea. Ethiopia even did not hand over badme which is the number one priority to Eritreans since we paid so much in lost time and lives in the last 20 years. It is Eritreans business if PIA will stay or go. The evil plan to weaken Eritrea pushed by TPLF and the west termed as no peace no war for the last 18 years did not succeed because of Eritreans perseverance.

    • Desbele

      Hi Kaddis,
      The most important outcome of this deal to me is that more than 20k Eritreans earned their freedom from slavery. Sad that Eritrea is hollowing out its young productive force alarmingly. ምጽናት ኤርትራ የጉህየኒ ። ሓርነት ኤርትራውያን ካብ ባርነት ከኣ የሐጉሰኒ።

    • Consolation

      Kaddis,

      The day Abiy came to Asmara and got the tumultuous reception from the people of Eritrea was the day that the final nail was hammered on the eviction of the Weyane thugs. After that day, the Weyane were a spent force and their comeback had become unthinkable even to their most ardent supporters. It was the day they knew that the game was indeed over. That is what Ethiopia got. Quarantining the thugs in Mequelle may look like not much to you but it is a huge thing for Ethiopians.

      Now where do you think the Weyane thugs will be a year from now? With Etritrea and Ethiopia keeping them under tight control, the thugs have nowhere to go but their grave. And Ethiopians will be rid forever of that colon cancer.

      • Amanuel

        Hi Consultation
        Wake up! We in June 2019, the border between both countries closed and the relation ship between Abiy & IA gone sore to the point that Abiy missed Eritrean Independence day.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Mekusi,

          Why should Abiy celebrate our independence if they agreed we are “one people”? If he does, he will spoil the dream of the despot.

          • Amanuel

            Hi Mekusi
            That is true but you know if their relationship hadn’t gone very low you would expect him to attend at least for diplomatic consumption.

        • Alex

          Hi Amanuel,
          Eritrea have the right to close the border until custom, visa requirement and others are agreed between the two countries. Eritrea is not part of Ethiopia may be you forgot that so people can not move without any restriction. Plus, I do not understand why do some lame people take PMAA attendance on Eritrean independence as a litmus test regarding the relationship between the two countries.

      • Kaddis

        Consolation,

        “With Eritrea and Ethiopia keeping them under tight control” you said .. Eritrea is controlling anything but its own border. Ethiopia is not in control at all 🙂

    • Peace!

      Hi Kaddis,

      The people in the video you posted are perhaps protecting their own interest otherwise for Ethiopians the statuesque was not sustainable, and for the Eritrean dictator, it is all about revenge for the fact that TPLF team up with Oromos and Ex Derg Amharas and ruined his ambition to rule East Africa. May be this is a kind of be careful what you wish for situation.

      Peace!

  • Nitricc

    Hi All; The heading of the article should have read; PIA finds danger in dealing with PMAA. I don’t if you are following the news out of Ethiopia but it is very worrying. Forget the usual problems that come with bloodless changes, however; when you have young University students killing each other because of their ethnic and language difference and then the issue is deeper than the mind can comprehend. Last week, there was a young Tigryan University student of Shire and was stoned to death by young Amara University
    students. If that is not sad enough; the Tigryan University student claimed their revenge by killing Amara University student at Aksum University. I understand killing is not new and it can happen anywhere but what this makes different and dangerous is that it is not like two illiterate farmers killing somewhere at the corner of the country but this happening at the Universities’ levels where you hope the young mind is educated and shaped to
    lead the future of the country. There is another problem brewing all over the country. The unemployed youth is organizing itself to replace the government’s duty. They are blocking trucks for ransom; they are demanding to be paid local taxes. They are robbing banks in a broad day light. Even the capital city is not spared from this criminal act. It was just last week it was Zambian embassy that was robbed by organized armed youth. What is worst is the government is doing nothing to address the situation and present the solution. The country is going in to disaster inch by inch and no one is noticing due the heavenly rhetoric of prime minster. PIA observes all this in the country that is led by PMAA and he had a second thoughts dealing with troubled nation led by weak leader. PIA understands the danger and the risks, if Eritrea fully in to the deal, the problems that is killing Ethiopia, only in the matter of time to pop up in Eritrea and PIA understand this I.e. The first action PIA took was shut down the borders, distance himself and he is giving time to PMAA to grow a couple balls and to solve the serious problems Ethiopia is facing. Simply put, PIA does see Eritrea fully engaging Ethiopia under the current situation of Ethiopia. So, I hate to break to you but it is PIA who is having a second thought about PMAA not the other way around. You just don’t kiss a woman who have TB. Just saying!

    • T. Kifle

      Nitricc,
      May be this post is the first to agree with you. Wakeup Isem!! nitricc is no more unicellular org. 🙂

      • iSem

        Hi T.Kifle:
        Welcome back!
        And let me say that you are just seeing things, I think Nit pulled the IA thing on you. Like IA did to Abiye
        Unless he things that TPLF under MZ and Sebhat Negga played IA, which he does not believe it, he remains as I said before;-)

    • Teodros Alem

      Selam Nitricc
      u said “what is worst is the gov is doing nothing to address the situation and present the solution” because the gov(the whole eprdf gov) is the one who is doing the ethnic based killing and displacement. those who do the ethnic based killing and displacement r the gov organized groups with the help of the police, kilil militia and military. i know it sound crazy but there r a lot of evidence and the victims knows who they r. by the way the tigraian killed in debermarkos was killed on the eve of “genbot 20” and the amara in axume on the day of “Eid”.
      like i said before, there is no change in ethiopia except , eprdf is on transition from one path to another path.

    • Consolation

      Hello Nitric,

      I don’t know if it is balls that Abiy lacks or sincerity. I am beginning to have doubts that he wants to stop the disintegration of Ethiopia. Is it possible that he is an OLFite who thinks that a disintegrated Ethiopia is the sure path to Oromo independence?

      • Nitricc

        Hey Consolation: I think he believes in one greater Ethiopia but in that Ethiopia Oromo must be the driver. If you observe how he selects his officials, most of them are unqualified to the position he is assigning them. For me this indicates that he have some internal agenda wants to accomplished. The man is with the mentality of used car sells man, he thinks he can talk his way to everything and have this desire to be regional power player. He is trying to solve and put out fires all over east Africa while his own house is in fire. One way or the other, one thing is clear he is working for Oromo dominated Ethiopia.

  • Hayat Adem

    Dear AwateTeam,
    I just feel calling what PIA and PMAA signed a “Peace Agreement” is mischaracterization. It shows nothing that looks like a peace agreement. It can be called a “political deal” at best. There is no peace agreement between two countries the details of which are strictly kept secret and known only to the signees. I think calling it right is useful as much as giving it a name that it doesn’t deserve ends up producing more confusions rather than explaining them.
    Hayat

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Hayat,

      Indeed it isn’t a “peace agreement”. It was a “political agreements” that finally doesn’t serve both sides. The two political agreement (a) the demarcation of the borders and the opening of the borders for the flow of goods and services (b) Acess of Ethiopia to the Eritrean ports for importing and exporting its goods, both does not seem feasible due to their incompatible political interest of the two leaders. From the outset, it was understandable that without settling the border issue, nothing Could be sought about economic integration and durable peace between the two countries. For DIA to leave the border issue in limbo is the best tool for holding hostage the Eritrean. And that is why he said in his remark that the border is not his priority. Second for DIA , political agreement is tactical instrument for finding a breathing room to design new tactics for domestic and foreign conspiracy to prolong his staying in power. He had this kind of tactics since the ghedli era,

      • Hayat Adem

        Dear Emma,
        Exactly. I think IA’s calculation is to make this deal bizarre enough to help him loosen the international isolation, help him suffocate the TPLF and yet hold it short of maturing to a comprehensive peace so that he justifies the continuity of his tight secrutization and iron rule. IN THE MEAN TIME, ERITREA CONTINUES TO SUFFER.

        • Nitricc

          enough to help him loosen the international isolation, help him suffocate the TPLF

          I WOULD SAY KILL, not suffocate. there is a difference.

          IN THE MEAN TIME, ERITREA CONTINUES TO SUFFER.

          A) what is to you?
          B) Eritrea never been better; the tied has changed and look on to your country.

          • Hayat Adem

            Nitricc,
            I don’t know if you are bright enough to understand that IA is killing Eritreans and Eritrea more than he is doing TPLF or Tigray.

          • iSem

            Hi Hayat;
            what is wrong with you these days? Putting bright and Nitricc in one sentences. Even if you are thinking of HNO3, in its pure state it is colorless, Emma, no?
            And speaking of our region, the African union stripped sudan from its membership For once, they are thinking
            It is worrying in Sudan, yesterday I read news that to hide its crimes the military threw dead bodies of protesters into the Nile river. The regional politics where SA is flexing its muscle to be the superpower will usher in a new reality that the people in our region will have to deal with and pay dearly

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Hayat Adem. Perhaps you need to pay attention to what is happening in your own back yard. The Head of Aksum University, Dr Tsehaye, recently leaked information that a dozen Amhara students would be expelled from its faculties to revenge the death of a Tigrayan student in Debre Markos University. The leak reached concerned students who requested to know the reason. This demand led to police beating peaceful students and caused the death of a 2nd-year mechanical engineering student. At the same, protests from TPLF opposition groups have really started to gain traction in the past week with youth pouring into the streets and calling for the dismissal of the TPLF. Tigray state-owned media has ignored the youth protests though social media activists have posted too many videos and pictures to prove that active anti-TPLF demonstrations are taking place. TPLF oppositionist Abraha Desta said that ‘The local government silences its opponents at every turn’ and that ‘Young Tigrayan people are showing that they may just be the critical ingredient in the construction of the coalition that will end the rule of the TPLF corruption’. He further added that ‘Many evidence from Mekele Ayder hospital show TPLF agents and police officers beating and killing Tigrayan youth prisoners’. Adigrat’s prisons are said to be choke full of TPLF opposition prisoners. The TPLF has a ticking time-bomb to deal with.

          • Peace!

            Hi Mokie

            Thank you for the info. It looks like both PFDJ and TPLF are acting desperately for survival. Asmara, too, littered with ይኣክል ፈንቅል ህግደፍ ፣ እምቢ ንሳዋ pamphlets.

            Peace!

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Peace! You are indeed correct as both the PFDJ and TPLF are on survival mode and at least up until now, seem unwilling to make concessions.

          • Nitricc

            Mokie; I hate to spoil your party but the dictation you read is of one person. Go ahead examine the writings. Unlike others, if any one tried anything like Sudan and Ethiopia, I am afraid the outcome is bloody. The Eritrean government will not hastate to put a bullet in your head. Try it and see what happens.

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Nitricc. I returned from Asmara a little over a week ago. Thing is, these days, one can see and hear what they could not have imagined seeing or hearing one year ago. To agree or not to agree with what one is seeing and hearing is a different matter. The fact is that people are becoming far bolder and vocal is their discontent with the status quo. PIA /PFDJ cannot simply say that “patient appraisal” of Eritrea’s “new political, economic and security situation” as justifiable reason to maintain the status quo; its simply not tenable. The PFDJ must soon start to implement much needed reform and accountability; at this stage it not a choice but rather a matter of survival. .

          • Nitricc

            Peaceful and significant change has to now/soon materialize..

            Hi Mokie; I agree! they will and they have no choice but unless it is on their own time and pace, anything else will do what ever. Again; I am telling you if anyone try to do the Ethiopian or Sudanese way; you will have a blood shade. The government of Eritrea will put bullet on anyone! Anyone!

          • Ted

            Hi Nitricc,
            The Eritrean people are seriously testing the water level…little by little they are getting bolder by the day. As for the buletts and the guns that the government depends on for its survival, when the day of reckoning comes, it won’t be much help. Obviously few unlucky people will die but the suffering masses will come on top. This the the low of nature and you will see it happen in Eritrea in the near future.
            We in the diaspora should organise ourselves and have to do absolutely everything to warn the gun carrying brothers and sisters not to fire at civilians.
            We also have to get our selves ready to defend the defenceless masses in every way we can.
            The despot was ruling by fear. What we now are observing is the evaporation of it and the rest is history….

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Nitrickay,

            “The Eritrean government will not hastate to put a bullet in your head.”

            If that is the kind of government defending it day and night, then why Is this all crying about the Ethiopian people? It is not hypocrisy only but also unprincipled and unworthy to take you serious.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Aman-H when your god, the dead midget did the same thing; you are happey with it, so no one should take you serious? right? talk about hypocrisy!

  • MICKIELLE

    Hi Consolation,

    Abiy had the benefit of the entire experience of Woyane/Issayas relatioship to learn about Issayas that goes as far back as to the wars for independence. He also has all those Ethiopian opposition forces Issayas nurtured and trained in Eritrea all these years that he can learn from about Issayas. To top it all, Abiy was EPRDF’s security officer with the rank of colonel. Abiy must have known Issayas like his fingertips probably even figured that the shelf life of a relationship with Issayas would be rather short.

    What seems to have caught us off guard and probably Abiy too is this. Eritreans even those of us in the opposition were not prepared for this side of Issayas., Yes he was evil and murderous, with a Nixonian crookedness, but never were we prepared to see him behaving like a flirty girl totally unable to control himself and seemed to have abdicated his role as a diplomat in a world stage. You see, his sober face conveyed to us, yes he was a nasty dictator, but dignified enough to be trusted on matters of national interest especially with the weight of those who sacrificed their lives on his shoulders on the stage of our crucially important neighbor.We did not know the Isu Isu adulation by Abiy and the crowd in Addis would totally dismantle his coolness. He showed how vane, shallow and cheap he was in a Trampian fashion.

    This is good that he had that weakness, that sent shock waves on the heart and soul of every Eritrea. What if both Abiy and Issayas had a secret deal that they appear like not to like and trust each with even some expression of doubt and a little bit of disrespect towards one another, but for Issayas to assure Abiy to go ahead with all the grandiose plans to incorporate Eritrea. We would probably have waken up a bit too late. To be honest, we don’t know what plans both may have about our fate if we have not taken control of our destiny.

    • Consolation

      Mikielle,

      It is a simple question I asked you. Eritrea opened its border and was ready to allow the use of its ports by Ethiopia. What has the Ethiopian prime minster do in the past year on the border demarcation? Nothing. Isaias had no choice but to close the borders. I ask you again, what is wrong with this decision?.

  • Ayneta

    Merhaba Mahmuday:
    Hope you are having a lovely Eid with your beloved family. Eid Mubarek.
    The irony of the premise in your commentary is that you are hoping the problem to be the solution. IA is the problem and yet you still expect him to be the solution in the same fashion. After the disastrous venue he partook in the last 20 years, you are still heaping your hopes on the same guy who got us in the mess we are in. Either you are a natural hopeful or a misguided apologist!
    You seem to be fond of picking on the opposition for working with Ethiopia/TPLF, and yet we have a leader (IA) who went to Ethiopia and on the record deputized PM Abb to ”lead the 2 countries”. He proclaimed ‘Eritrea has not lost much” and that ”the two countries were the same”. These are his words and not even paraphrased. Mind you, he said those things after Eritrea and its people had to endure all kind of imaginable suffering due to a war he singlehandedly participated. I cant help but imagine how you would personally feel if one of the opposition figures ( say your favorite Ambassador Anderberhan) uttered those very words. I am sure you would have gone bananas and labeled him sub-nationalistic, and his words traitorous. I say what IA said is tantamount to treason. If he was a layman like you and me, he would definitely be indicted for treason which is the worst form of betrayal. Yet, your apologetic pen is silent and your good heart is yet to hold IA accountable for his treasonous acts. My friend, that is a form of hypocrisy in its worst level!

  • Selam All,

    It seems that Sudan’s revolution is being hijacked by the military with the blessing of egypt, ksa and uae. It is said that about a 100 people have been killed, and it seems that it is more or less a military takeover similar to that which happened in egypt after the arab spring.

  • Ayneta

    Merhaba Mahmud:

    I hope you are having a lovely Eid with your beloved family. Eid Mubarak!

    The weak part of your analysis is that it assumes Eritrea now will embark on achieving the much desired positive changes under the same leadership that brought us the mess we are in. Your naivety and unshakable allegiance to anything IA does and instigates is taking the best of you. Your old guard is blocking what is clearly in plain sight. History should be the source of our experience and the lesson we should extract from it is that IA cant be trusted and thus should not be entrusted in spearheading the needed change. How can one be the ( stress ”the”) problem and a solution at the same time? If the last 30 years cant teach us about the untrustworthiness of IA and the system he has created, we are doomed to repeat failure at a much colossal scale.

    About TPLF, mark my words. TPLF will remain the ultimate, made-up de-facto nemesis of Eritrea so long as Issiaias says so. If he declares tomorrow that the beef with TPLF is to be discarded for the sake of mutual peace and development, all of his supporters, including you, will echo his words and will dub him the visionary, and his moves exemplary. You will personally write here elsewhere how his wise moves saved the country and the region at large. Take the case of the Eritrean-Ethio conflict. It took thousands of lives, displaced countless people, caused unimageable atrocities. All of a sadden, IA goes to Ethiopia, beats his chest, smiles from ear-to-ear, declares ”we have not lost”, insults us with his ”the two countries are same and one” gibberish , and deputizes Dr. Abby as the de-facto leader of the two countries. You have never raised this issue as problematic. And now for a reason we may not know, IA can surprise us with a sudden end to the confrontation with TPLF. You see my friend, TPLF are treated as the devilish enemy as long as IA says so. Mark my words!

    You blame the opposition of working with TPLF. Let me ask you this question if I may. IA officially asked Dr. Abby to take over the affairs of the the two countries. He shamelessly declared the two countries were basically the same. Isn’t this the definition of treason? If one prominent opposition figure ( say your favorite Ambassador Anderberhan) said this officially, you, the patriot that you are, would definitely hoist your sword and call for his neck. But the very leader of Eritrea made those remarks on his visit to Ethiopia. This clearly is tantamount to traitorous act if not downright treason. So my friend, please don’t use double standard to operationalize your definition of what constitutes sub-optimal nationalism. The very person you are willing to trust to take the country out of the mess can and should be indicted for treason! It is only a matter of when and not if.

  • Mahmud Saleh

    Selam Awatistas
    On the occasion of Eid alfaTer, wish you blessed months ahead. Coming to the article, it only shows the editorial perspective of the website, a site that has been against positive rapproachments between the two countries, to begin with. My take is that:
    1. Both countries gained a lot by reducing the tensions. The possibility of another round of senseless war has been reduced, though not brought to its lowest level. That’s good news for peace loving minds.
    2. This is an extremely complicated endeavor. No one expected it that it would be a cake walk. What makes it even more complicated is the political situation in Ethiopia where there are effectively two governments, the federal and Tigray state’s governments and the fluid dynamics between them. Both, the Eritrean and the Ethiopian, leaders will have to walk cautiously.
    3. For sure PIA isn’t happy about the Ethiopian PM because it appears the PM has not delivered to his promises that he would expedite the border demarcation, something that is at the top of Eritreans’ priorities. It is natural for PIA to make the needed adjustments since he is not bound by internal political squabbles the way the Ethiopian PM is. That’s a price we should be ready to pay if we are aiming for a peaceful resolution for all outstanding issues.
    4. What the writer of the article failed to mention is that the TPLF has been openly challenging the federal authorities in all areas including the peace rapproachments between the two countries. Sensible minds would conclude that they should not fall for TPLF’s warmongering baits. That’s exactly what both leaders recognized, it seems.
    5. Eritrea gained relative peace and broke free from sanctions and diplomatic isolation. Therefore, although I articulated my criticism for the way the process was handled and PIA addresse to the nation on May 24 (see my FB), I can understand the cautuous move the president has chosen to undertake. A/ Ethiopia’s situation is extremely fluid; B/ Until the border is fully demarcated, Eritrea’s economic, political and security agendas will continue to be heavily influenced by what happens across the border.
    6. The priority of Eritrea is stability and economic revival. As I indicated in my two pieces, posted on my Facebook, to embark on the kind of projects the president announced, the government must undertake institutional restructuring.
    7. The best scenario would be one in which PFDJ and TPLF sit down and sort out their differences peacefully. In previous articles and comments, I have repeated the fact that for a lasting peace to be achieved, PFDJ and TPLF must sit down and try to sort out their outstanding issues. However, as long as TPLF tries to circumvent the Algiers agreement and the EEBC border ruling, I don’t see how that would be possible, or how the Eritrean government could open borders for business.
    8. Finally, hiccups are to be expected but Eritreans have dramatically reduced the confidence they had in PM Abiy Ahmed. We can’t expect him to solve the Ethiopian-Eritrean intractable problems. He couldn’t even apprehend federally wanted suspects; he hasn’t been able to control the intra_kilil tensions. As long as the federal government is weaker than the peripheries’, governing Ethiopia will be difficult.
    9. We have to look at this whole issue from a strategic vantage point. Peace must be encouraged and difficulties we observe should not be politicized. The big elephant in the room is TPLF. If the average Tigrean carries the belief that my old friend T.Kifle bears that there is no power on planet earth that could defeat Tplf ( BTW, welcome back), we are in a big trouble. That means Tigray elited are not ready for peaceful neighborliness. They are beating drums of war that they certainly are not going to fight. Also, they are blackmailing the rest of Ethiopia to go screw itself because if they don’t get what they wanted, they may secede. It is up to the Ethiopian politicians to think how to reign on the unruly behavior of the TPLF. As far as Eritrea is concerned, I think it is of such a strategic importance to see Ethiopia that is United and at peace with itself while focusing on our own domestic agendas.
    10. Abiy mention of Eritrean opposition in Ethiopia is nonsense. No one would invite to return to partake in political activities when those entities are threatening to oust you. Ethiopian opposition returned to Ethiopia because they denounced the use of force to topple the government. Also, Dr.Abiy’s reform movement and those who had fought the TPLF-led government had similar visions, they both were against TPLF’S monopoly of power. On the contrary, the Eritrean opposition is mired in what the TPLF has been weaving of policies concentrated on weakening Eritrea. Unfortunately, they continue the same pattern, shadowing the TPLF.
    Regards.

    • Haben

      Dear MS.
      First, Happy Eid alfaTer to you and to all our Muslim brothers and sisters. Second, thank you for sharing your thoughts on the going Ethio-Eritrea rapprochement. The dividends of peace is bountiful to the people of Eritrea and Ethiopia, if it has been handled on a transparent and good faith. As we know Ethiopia is in the process of transition; the political dynamic is very fluid and its seemed to me it will take time for them to hummer out a political system that satisfy both the center and periphery. My question for you do you think it is fair and even logical for the Eritrean government to thread domestic issue on a slow motion or put a freez coz Ethiopia is not stable? Second, By now do you expect the regime in Asmara to come with a road map that shows where the country is heading, besides what PIA said in Asmara Stadium? third, what is your take bout the Yiakel movement?

      Thanks

      • Mahmud Saleh

        MarHaba Haben
        Thank you for the good wishes. I agree with the summary introduction you put forth to elucidate the current intricate situation in Ethiopia, and between Eritrea and Ethiopia. Coming to your questions:
        1. Eritrean domestic agendas: I explained my gut feeling about this issue in two semi-articles on my FB, and the short answer is No. Eritrea should proceed with its political and economic reforms, and it is an obligation for us to push for that.
        2. I believe a national consent is being built around the idea that Eritrea must slowly move towards democratization. However, all moves should be based on the realities on the ground plus experiences gained from others who imported models. I am of the belief that the current government could and should open up slowly and in an orderly fashion. The time is ripe for the new generation to accept the gavel to chart their own future. The old (ghedli) generation has little left of its time and we must encourage sober discussions on how that should be done. Nature places limits on biological beings.
        3. I’m still learning about Y’Akl movement. I have seen many bubbles in the past. But I’m not against any peaceful, Eritrean driven voices. I’m against foreign interferences.
        Regards.

    • Tesfamichael Tewolde

      Dear Mahmud Saleh
      Clearly you are one blind supporter of DPIA and you do not want proper peace to prevail among the nations. You want to continue living in denial, you still try to convince people of your kind to believe the fiction you created in 1998, which you succeeded for the last 20 years. So, please stop your lies, enough is enough. let the people know the truth. The verdict of the border conflict is enough for all to know the facts: “War started by the Eritreans”; Border line verdict based on colonial rules, Aggressor to compensate the victim. period!
      You should also get used to the fact that TPLF is here to exist because TPLF is not just a party rather it is a vision, and this vision is owned by every Tigraway, young and old, men and women. So, we know what you are up to.

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Selam Tesfamichael
        Thank you for the input. Cool down, and focus on facts.
        1. We are not going to debate about war. That point was litigated and a verdict was passed. You are not going to rewrite that, believe me.
        2. the compensation is about the same (the amount ruled on both countries to pay to the other). Also, I leave that to the official ruling of the commission. Read it.
        3. I don’t give a hoot about TPLF. I talk about it because it has HURT us for the last 20 years, and still continues hurting us. You seem to have no patience to research about people you respond to. In many occasions, I said that TPLF belongs to the Tigray people. I don’t care about its essence or vision. I talk about it because it continues affecting us directly.
        Regards.

    • Amanuel

      Hi MS
      You are the master of spin doctors and I don’t understand why you are not officially appointed spokes person for IA yet. You are doing a better job compared to Charlie by miles. However, you are also running a risk of humiliation as all people served him. For Example IA can come out tomorrow and say few words to destroy what you have said above. I hope you remember what happened about the Constitution of 1997 and Monkey meeting in Atlanta.

      The Eritrean & Ethiopian rapprochement was based on the two leaders who have the same priority, i.e., to destroy TPLF in hustle. That is why it was kept secret. Other fundamental issue for peace are set aside and considered not important. That is the main problem and peace loving Eritrean and Ethiopians have been discussing this including the lack institutionalisation for months.

      Just to ask your opinion that what do you think why Abiy was absent from Eritrean Independence day comparing the close relationship he had with IA.

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Selam Amanuel
        No, Sir. I don’t feel any humiliation if IA & Debretsion shake hands. I made a bold statement, a year ago, at the outset of the rapprochement move that for the sake of a lasting peace PFDJ and TPLF must reconcile their differences (political); the legal dimension has already been settled through a third party, if you know what I mean.
        2nd para: it is your opinion and I have nothing to say here.
        3rd para: I don’t know; I have a speculation but I won’t opine based on speculation.
        Regards.

        • Amanuel

          Hi MS,
          IA & Debretsion already shook hanks, even if I am not mistaken hugged. It will be a positive move if PFDJ & TPLF set aside their old problems for the sake of peace, however knowing our man there will be very slim chance this to happen.

          About 3rd para: I thought your strength was to make a bold statement based on available speculative information comparing with past events. For example considering on the flirtatious relationship between Abiy & IA we saw last summer, then for Abiy to miss attending Eritrean Independence day was unexpected.
          Thanks

          • Nitricc

            Hi Amanuel; why are you so desperate for PIA and Deretsion to be make it up while you are having heart attack the peace between PMAA and PIA? I think you are one of the worthless Agazian? am I right?

    • Haile S.

      Selamat Mahmoud & all,

      መዓየዲን! Very interesting and intelligent (allow me genuine appreciation) analysis that tend to absolve PIA & PFDJ of all the wrongs they did to the Eritrean people, at least in the last 2 decades. Most of what you said makes sense if PIA/PFDJ didn’t do it over the political, social and economic livelihood of Eritreans. Every Eritrean bore the heavy burden to arrive at this level of snippet of peace. It didn’t need to have been done that way. The weight of the political miscalculation of PIA/PFDJ, and his constituted opposition who simulate him well and like him are not bad miscalculators, was enormous and heavy on Eritreans. If PIA has a single right word among the many words he repeats, is the word resilience. Eritreans are truly resilient, hellas! not always to their advantage.
      Mahmud, you seem to brush-off the Eritrean opposition as power vying groupies who need to cleanse themselves off “their cardinal sin”. You voiced your ይኣክል on them. Voice your ይኣክል on PIA & PFDJ too! He/they need to cleanse themselves of this monopoly of righteousness and exclusionary attitude of anyone who thinks differently. As the two pillars (EPLF & ELF) of the Eritrean independence, the best solution to Eritrea’s problems comes through genuine reconciliation between the two. Some times it is good to go back to the basics instead of multiplying the initiatives while maintaining the existing deep division. Had reconciliation between these two been given the priority, we would have advanced a little closer to genuine regional peace by now.

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Selam HaileS
        Happy Eid brother, wish you best regards.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Mahmuday,

      We were told Wayne are caged and are irrelevant to be part of the peace agreement, and thus, Abiy and our despot will build a bridge between Asmara and Addis bypassing Mekele/Tigray. Now you come with different news which sounds, that our border can not be demarcated without making Peace with TPLF and the people Tigray, and thus, the DIA must deal with TPLF to demarcate our border. Other than your ambivalent mind that fluctuate by the policy of the regime from let us “caged and alienate” them to “we have to deal with them”, the latter gives more sense and practical, if the despot goes with it to find a solution to the border saga and eventually a lasting peace between the two people.

      Mahmuday, from the outset, if the conflict was and is between PFDJ and TPLF (for sure it wasn’t between the two people), the peace agreement should be between these two parties and not between DIA and Abiy, which by the way still remained a secret deal that no body knows it, even the diehard yourself, whom you look the “liaison officer” between inside and diaspora Eritreans to dispatch the policy of the regime to test the public reactions.

      I have your long Hateta as you use to call it, when the Arab sponsored peace agreement between the two leaders signed and I have this one. When I see them side by side, it surprise me how you live and vacillate in a conflicting world that does not have an end. My dear friend, since I love you, I call upon you to get out from the “house of politics of the despot” to maintain your sanity and develop a solid principle that we can recognize you by it. Now it is time.

      Regards

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Selam Emma
        Your long Hateta is hardly a friendly one. It is full of insults and I refuse to reply to you in kind because when you are taking a break from defending and promoting Melesian ideology and image, you are just such a nice and caring friend. So, let me wait for your break time.
        However, I must add that unlike the people who keep reading their hearts and respond to me, those who read me correctly know I have a set of well established principles and what you read today has been recycled multiple times consistently.
        Thanks Emma. Stay well.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Mahmuday,

          My dear brother, it is not an insult. I am working hard to seperate you from DIA and the regim’s policy, that does not represent your value – the good Mahmuday who loves our people vs the despot who hates our people. No match my friend.

          Regards

          • Nitricc

            Hey Aman-H you love the dead midget; what is the difference? check your self my man.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Nitrickay,

            Behave like normal person not to be avoided from engagement. I have already told the forum that I wish Meles for Eritrea than the beast Isaias. They have different “virtues and qualities” both educationally and in the way how they govern their subjects. In short he excels him in every metric of quality of leadership. He made Ethiopia the power house of Africa. It is not me only, but the whole world testified all from the world statesmen and diplomats to the well know International institutions (world bank, IMF, UN and OU). He was the statesman who represented Africa in G-20. The despot, not even close to him, Hate will not erase to all the accolades he received from the international institutions.

          • Nitricc

            Hey Aman-H; I am behaving like reasonable human being. I don’t think you understood your level of hypocrisy. You love the dead midget no end which is your right but when some people practice the same right in supporting PIA you go banana. If you love the killer Melles, you got let people do the same thing to their choice. Although you are betting your reputation by openly admiring the killer of Addis, 290 lives to be exact and no sane or principled person overlook that and gloat. Lives were lost and I am sure if one of those were your children, you would have a different position. Again when you support that dead midget stop going banana if some did the same thing to their chosen person. How hard is this to understand?

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Nitrickay,

            Don’t worry about my reputation. Leave it for me, I know what I am saying precisely.There is no comparison between the two in every metrics of leadership. Leave it as is for history. You don’t have to repeat it, if I said it publicly with confidence.

          • Nitricc

            if I said it publicly with confidence, and with full disclosure of who am I, unlike the many cowards behind pen names in this forum

            Hey Aman-H fair enough and it is your right to feel the way you feel for the dead midget but why can’t you extend the same right for other people to declare whom ever they support? They don’t have to agree with you and support whom ever you are support. This is my main beef with you. If some one come out and say I love PIA; take it and respect their right. You don’t have throw tantrum and call them names. Again, I am going to respond about this ridiculous comparison you are mentioning. If your dead midget was that good, Ethiopia won’t be where she is today; a country in brink of civil war and ethnic conflict. Like I have said, it is your right to support the dead midget but you don’t have bent the facts. the fact is your dead midget left a country behind where university students kill each other because of a difference of their ethnicity and language. That should have gave you the clue but, hey it is your right but it doesn’t mean you are correct.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Nitrickay,

            I gave you the qualities of Meles and his accolades and give me the qualities of DIA and the accolades he collected from international institutions in the last 28 years. ካብኡ ዝተረፈ እዚ መትሓዚ ዘየብሉ ናይ ዒንክላሎ ክትዕ ምሳኻ አብዚ የኸተም::

          • Nitricc

            Hey Aman-H; you never listed anything substantial. You said Melles made Ethiopia Africa’s power house! Wrong Melles left Ethiopia broke and in the brink of financial collapse. When Your dead midget got in office; Ethiopia’s debt was 5 billion dollars and when the entire TPLF thugs pushed to mekele; the Ethiopian debt was 32 billion dollars. As we speak Ethiopia can’t afford to repay the loans and everything is up for grab by creditors, including the
            Ethiopian Airlines. I see where my value differs from yours. Your valued how Melles talked to G-8 by representing Africa, I take that as failure and embarrassment for Africa. The Africans chose Meles to represent them in G-8, because they acknowledge the skills of begging Meles possessed. You talk about how Meles was seen by Westerners; my take is who gives a flying hoot what the whites have to say? At the end, there is one that sets these two leaders apart. The country that was led by your dead midget is in a brink of civil war, lawlessness, internal displacements, religious strife, hard currency shortage, with 70% unemployment, spineless leader, in short everything what the midget sow and now been harvested. On the other hand! After all what the world and your dead midget tried to do to Eritrea, at least there is a country standing peacefully. There are no creditors harassing; there is no outstanding debt to be repaid. There is no lawlessness, there is religious strife; the list goes on and that is the difference. You have a typical white people mentality; you gave Melles so much credit not because he helped his country but he was admired by the white people; really Aman? If you ask me, if you are a leader and are admired by white people, that means you failed your people and country. I am done about this dead worthless midget.

          • Alex

            Hi Nitricc,
            I second you my brother.

          • Alex

            Hi Amanuel,
            You wish Meles for Eritrea. Are we talking about the same Meles who deported 90K innocent Eritreans since he did not like the color of their eyes and the one who was the servant of Susan rice and the west. When he was in power his military killed more than 700 innocent Ethiopians in gambella, Addis etc. Sad

    • Nitricc

      Your greatness; forget about this lost souls. I am trying to join the weyane digital movement. why? here it is.. lol this hayat talking to her people.
      ” እዙይ አርእስቲ ናይዙይ ትረድ ብልረአኹዎ፣ ብደስታ ሃፂፀ ልበይ ጉስዕ ጉስዕ እላበለ ነቱ ትረድ ከፊተ ብዘንበብኩዎ እማ፡ ዋይ ዋይ ኡዞም ወስፋታም ሻዕውያ ኡዚኦም ሕዚ ውን ይጫወቱለይ አለው ቢለ ተናዲደ ብሓዘን ንብዓተይ ሃም ፈለግ አዋሽ ሆይኑ ንገጨይ ሓጪብዎ ተበልኩ ምግናን አይኾነይ። ሃሳሳት ብናይ ዲጂታል ወያነ ስሜት እትጫወቱ ለይናፈቑ ዞምቢ፣ ተገምጠሉ።” I can’t stop laughing…. lol

      • Amanuel

        Hi Moderator,
        Is this allowed?

        • Nitricc

          Hi Aman, don’t get offended because I someone spoken your language and Yes; it a language isn’t it? what is wrong with it. racist!

          • Amanuel

            Hi Nitricc
            By now you should know that is not my dialect.
            What I know is it is not civil to make fun of other people’s dialect. For example the people from Liverpool have an English dialect called Scouse. It is very rude to make fun of the Scouse by some one for example from London. They think they have been looked down by the offender.

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Selam Gen.Nit
        Why are you torenting me, nitrickay? I need Fanti or HaileS for translation.

        • Haile S.

          Mahmud,

          ወሪዱኒ! Let alone me, even Fanti will have difficulty. It is a ‘misto’, mixture of several tigray awrajas tigrigna including that of akeleguzay Eritrea (ጨ, ጨሓይ ወጫ:-)) and that of an amharic speaking person trying to speak in tigrigna (ሆይነ).

          • Hashela

            Selam Haile and Mahmud

            This is easy compared what I heard in VOA a while ago. It was an interview with a woman in rural southwestern Tigray. Mesmerized and sobered my inability to fully understand her, I down loaded the voice file. Recently, I had a job interview with a western-educated Tigrayan postdoc in my lab. Like some applicants, he was a bit nervous. So as an ice breaker and before we switched to English, I played the recording and asked him whether he understands what she was saying. He gave a confused look followed by a loud and uncontrolled laughter. We both realized we have a lot to learn …

          • T. Kifle

            Hashela,
            The ገጨይ ሓጭቡዎ is not typical South eastern Tigray’s dialect. Same is true with ሕዚ። I guess, it probably could be a script of standup comedy. 🙂

      • Ismail AA

        Selam Nitricc et al.

        What is so strange about the language in the paragraph you have quoted. To those who speak Tigrinya in that way would laugh at your way of speaking it. Since there is no agreed standard Tigrinya, both of them would grade as variants of the same language. I know, the Tigrinya spoken in Enderta varies from the one spoken in Adwa and Shire. It is the same with Tigrinya spoken in Hamassien is different than the one spoken in lowland Seraye.

        • T. Kifle

          Dear Ismail,
          I am curious of the Raya Tigrinya dialect. And this is not one. Nitricc, as he is always the standard of everything could be mused and that’s understandably cool.

          • Ismail AA

            Selam T. Kifle,

            The point I tried to make was that what falls on some one’s ears as curious could sound as refined standard language on the ears of another. If this would be appreciated as yardstick for judgement, making fun of some words and allocated meanings would validate the judgement in reverse as true. መጩ for መጺኡ፣ ጨሓይ for ጸሓይ ፣ ሕጂ for ሐይዚ and ኣብዚ for ኣብጁ.. I remember some Asmarinos thought their Tigrinya-cum-Arabic or Italian city dweller dialect as standard language of the refined urbanite. Anything else for them was counted as coarse language of the Hagereseb.

          • Paulos

            Selam T. Kifle

            Consider this: If the Italians had colonized Tigrai instead of Eritrea and if Eritreans had flocked to Tigrai in search of “opportunities” as in working as በለስ vendors, gardeners if not beggars, Tigreans would have made fun of the Eritrean Tigrinya dialect. It is all the ugly legacy of colonialism where Fannon’s “White Mask Black Skin” comes to mind.

          • Saleh Johar

            Paulos,
            I will present you with a gift story about your comment, just give me time until I locate it. My PC went kaput and I have to retrieve the file from an external storage.

          • Saleh Johar

            Hi Paulos. T.Kifle, and all,
            As I promised, here is a piece from a chapter (Of Kings and bandits) that is related to the prejudice we suffer from:

            ….It was the beginning of the harvest season and workers from the region had already traveled to Western Eritrea and far beyond, to the plantations of Wad-Medeni in the Sudan, to pick cotton.

            Three big buses loaded to capacity passed by carrying seasonal Ethiopian workers. They were wrapped in dusty clothes that had been soaked in butter, to ward off mosquitoes and desert wasps. The workers headed to Humera in North Western Ethiopia, probably on their first bus ride ever.

            “They can take any hardship thrown at them,” Ahmed the shopkeeper said.

            “Primitive people, uncivilized” a snobbish man said.

            “Haha Mr. Modern. You think you’re better than them?”

            “Do you have any doubts?” The man said.

            “Isn’t it obvious from my question?” Ahmed said.

            The argument went on for a while. The Italians had stroked some prejudices and made dirt-poor Eritreans feel superior to the dirt-poor people from Northern Ethiopia.

            The buses stopped for a short time at the bus station. Ajak looked at them with a frown from the door of his teashop: they didn’t bring him any business.

            A black limousine cruised at a low speed on the main road; Degiat sat in the backseat dressed up in a double-breasted black suit and matching English hat. An open roof Land Rover closely followed his car—three commandos guards brandishing Uzi submachine guns sat in the back……

          • Teodros Alem

            selam paulos
            How is this kind of thing a big deal? this kind of things happens all over the world, why u guys make it a big deal? In ethiopia i know a lot of amara, guraga and so on make fun of even thier own relatives who come from rural areas. I even know tigraians make fun of raya tigraye.
            I think u guys need to work with ur pscological problem. In my opinion that is ur number 1 problem. Morethan anything.

          • T. Kifle

            Selam Paulos,
            I believe it is the way you described it. See for example the Amharic language in Addis and its variants in Gojam, Gonder,and Wollo. all four are different but the average Addis Ababan thinks that his is the refined one and make fun of the others. In any case Nitricc is excused for his sins as he might not even mastered the Tigrigna spoken in Asmara proper.

          • Amanuel

            Hi Paulos
            I agree they do fun of the Asmarino Tigrina in Mekele. I have a friend who used to study in one of the Catholic boarding schools in Mekele and he used to spend summer with parents in Asmara. He was suffering big time as he was mocked and laughed at from both sides. As you know deki Asmara use the word msh (ምሽ) too much and the Mekele boys laughed at him when ever he said it. His problem didn’t end there. When he comes to Asmara for the summer, he was also facing the worst. As Mekele boys do he was using to much kezi(ኸዚ). We just wait like a cat waiting for a rat to come out of its hiding and when ever he said it we would burst in laughter. Recalling it back now I can see how humiliating was for him. Imagine what it was doing to his confidence. That is why I think mimicking others peoples accent or dialect is wrong and the uncivilised.

        • Nitricc

          Hey Ismail; I know what you are saying. I just posted it fun. Sometimes people are taking this thing to serious and it may not be good for their health. I don’t know about you but I got a kick out of it. Of course I got help.

        • Hashela

          Selam Ismail

          I believe none of us is ridiculing the Tigrina dialect posted by Nitricc. We are merely expressing our amazement about the diversity of our Tigrina dialects and how spatially limited our knowldge thereof is. We laugh about our limitation and reveal our curiosity to decipher and learn things. This is healthy.

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Hashela,
            Fair enough. It’s humble to be conscious of “our limitation” . My point was the jester part of Nitrric’s statement. Otherwise, I understand the point you stated.

          • Haile S.

            Selam Ismail,

            ስማዕ እባ እስማዒል, እዛ ሓዳስ ናትካ avatar እንድያ ድኣ ብዙሕ ኣመራሚራትኒ። መምህር ዓብደላ፡ ማዕጾ ፍኽኽ ኣቢሎም good morning boys ዝብሉ ዝነበሩ መሲልካ።**
            ኣብዚ ዘለናዮ ጊዜ፡ Selfi ዝበሃል፡ ቆልዓ ብእግሩ ካይከደ፡ ጠዋዊቑ ዝፈልጦ ኣሰኣእላ እንዳሃለወ፡ ንምንታይ ኢኻ ብነጸብራቕ መስትያት፡ ብኮሪዶር ቅልቅል እናበልካ በታ disposable Kodak ካሜራ ስእሊ ዝተላዓልካ? ኣብ ልዕሊኡ ኸኣ፡ ጸላኢኻ ርእሱ ይቆረጽ፡ ርእስኻ ቆሪጽካዮ!

            **ኣብ ቀ.ኃ.ሥ. (red sea secondary school) ኣስመራ እናተመሃርኩ ከለኹ፡ መምህር ዓብደላ ዝብሃሉ ናይ english መምህር ነይሮም። ኣብ class ክኣትዉ እንከለዉ፡ ማዕጾ ፍኽኽ, ርእሶም ኣቐልቅል ኣቢሎም ‘good morning boys’ ብእትብል ቃል ነይሮም ትምህርቶም ዝጅምሩ። ነተን ኣሕዋትና ከዛርቡ ከናግሩወን ኢሎም እዮም። ሓንቲ መዓልቲ girls መሊቛቶም ኣይትፈልጥን።

          • Ismail AA

            ሰላም ሃይለ፣
            እንታይ ክገብር ኣእማን ዝድርብዩ መኣስ ተሳኢኖም ። ፍርቂ ርእሲ ኣቀልቂልኳ እንተድሒንካ ዕድለይና ትኸውን። መምህር ዓብደላውን ከማይ ካብ አእማን ይፈርሑ ነይሮም ይኾኑ። ኣብቲ ክፍልኹም ኣእማን ዝድርብዩ ነይሮም ከይኮኑ። ብዝኾነ ካብ ኣእማን የድሕንካ።

          • Haile S.

            ሓደርካ እስማዒል

            ረኺብካኒ! ሕልፍ ኢልካ ጸኒሕካኒ። ናይ ብሓቂ መልሲ እያ!
            ንነገሩ፡ መምህር ዓብደላ ከምኣ ብምባሎም፡ ዋላ እታ መንዲላ እንዳነኸሰት ድንን ድንን ኢላ ትኸይድ ሓፋር ጓል፡ ኣብኦም በጺሓ መልሓስ ተጥሪን ትዛረብን ነይራ። ካብቶም ፍትዋት መማህረን ሓደ ንሶም ነይሮም እብለካ።

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Haile S.,

            ብሂወቶም እንተሊዮን ዕድመን ጥዕናን እምነየሎም። ጽቡቅ ዝገበረ ንነብሱ ሕማቅ ዝገበረውን ንነብሱ ስለ ዝኾነ እነሆ እኳ ንስኻ ተዝክሮምን ተመስግነምን ኣለኻ።

          • Haile S.

            Selam Ismail,
            You avatar looks much better now. Dank je wel!

          • Ismail AA

            ሰላም ሃይለ፣
            ዋሕስ ንኣካ ሒዘ ቁሩብ ቅልቅል ኢለ ዘልኩ።

          • Nitricc

            Hey Hashela; I agree with you that it is healthy but most people on this forum they have no idea what fun and healthy is? For them everything must mean something and then there is a race for higher moral ground and politically correctness. for them I just say what my good friend said ” ሃሳሳት ብናይ ዲጂታል ወያነ ስሜት እትጫወቱ ለይናፈቑ ዞምቢ፣ ተገምጠሉ።”

          • Selamat Nitricc,

            I never took you for one that is disrespectful. “Most people on this forum” or “Hasasat bnnayy digital weyane…” are not the ones that addressed you. It is Ayya Ismail AA, our most respected community member that provided you with a truth while at the same time pointing out your weak and absurd sense of humor. You should should show some more respect towards the scholar and gentlemen Ayya Ismail AA is, who happens to be you elder. When responding to Hashela you know very well you are addressing our revered Ayya Ismail.

            I am quite sure it is not because of iSem’s prognosis of your “single celled” physiological reality because I don’t believe you to be a single celled organism. What is ailing you my friend is the new playbook and marching orders and strategies that you have just received hot of the press. As cool and as a gentlemen your usual self is, as soon as a new mantra and marching orders are read to you, instantaneously you seem to loose all your good senses. Listen to your buddy here and offer a sincere heartfelt apology to our Ayya Ismail AA for your unwarranted displayed disrespect above.
            On another note, and I thought about addressing Teg. Mahmuday “The Best” Saleh also; maybe he will read it hear and he will volunteer a response: You have heard of Jimmy Hoffa the union organizer, right? Well this is a case similar to that of Jimmy Hoffa.

            Dear Nitricc, do you know if there are any courts of law in Eritrea where criminals are charged with a crime and undergo a trial to prove they are innocent? I am sure there are courts or law in Eritrea since Eritrea cannot possibly be an anomaly amongst the states of this world where it is one hundred percent free of crime. And if there are criminal courts in Eritrea then there must, or at least should be, court reporters even if it is for the sole government media outlet. By now you are eager to know where I am going with this, right? Well as mentioned by AT in the above article, an egregious crime of an attempted murder occurred in Eritrea on Decemberer 19th, 2018. In ten days it will be six month exactly since the assassination attempt on the General Sebhat Efrem. Yet other than hearsay and rumors, though they too have been limited, there has not been a single update on the status, the well being or the the whereabouts of the General Sebhat Efrem. A man who has done nothing else but serve his country since his second year of college when he joined the Eritrean battles fields – meda.

            No charges were filed against the criminal who attempted to murder the General. He was caught and handed to the Eritrean security, presumably the Eritrean police. In six month the criminal was not indicted or Brough to trial. No courts reporter or reporters did a thorough investigative reporting on the case. Worst yet the general is presumably under the custody of the Eritrean regime. A regime who is totally oblivious and blind to the necessity of a must do thorough and public investigations on a case that involves arguably Eritrea’s TOP WARRIOR. A hero of the Eritrea’s war for independence and a hero of the Ethiopian-Eritrean border war of ’98. Along with the disarming smile in SEWRANA of Martyr Ibrahim Afa the General Sebhat Efrem, to yours truly, is the most recognized Tegadaly’s face that has been etched in my brain. All of the highest of honors along with the eternal flame in the national Harbegna cemetery are what Martyr Ibrahim Afa and the wounded General Sebahat Efrem are very deserving of. Well, Teg. Mahmuday “The Best” Saleh can tell you that Isaias Afeworki MURDERED Martyr Harbegna Ibrahim Afa because Wedi Afa called Isaias to his face “susuE” meaning greedy after Isaias very costly blunder at the battles for Barentu in 1985. And I am afraid just like Afa and Jimmy Hoffa the General Sebhat Efrem is either no longer with us and is swimming with the fishes or is being set up by the Eritrean regime for elimination or termination as soon as the Eritrean population is lulled into forgetting the General. I just recently heard, in an interview ,the General Sebhat Efrem utilize the analogy of “the straw that broke the camel’s back” in his attempt to describe the state and circumstances of war.
            I submit to you and Teg. Mahmuday “The Best” Saleh that the General Sebhat Efrem will indeed be the very straw that will break the murderous Eritrean regime’s back. This is murder in day light of an Eritrean most decorated war hero in Eritrea’s history. Wake up you two, the proof is every day silence since December 18th, 2018.

            Oh yeah Nitricc, it will be exactly six month since the assassination attempt of General Sebhat Efrem on the eve of Eritrea’s Martyrs day. Only this year Nitricc, unless you bring to tSAtSE proof of life and whereabout of the General Sebhat Efrem, DO NOT BE A HYPOCRITE AND COMPLAIN ABOUT AWATE DOT COM NOT MENTIONING ERITREA’S MARTYR’S DAY.

            YOU MUST FIRST HONOR YOUR LIVING WAR HERO GENERALS. Generals like General Biteweded Abraha, General Ogbe Abraha and FO SHO THE GENERAL Sebhat Efrem. You can start calling him the General the straw that broke the murderous Eritrea regime’s back.
            Did you hear what zur/round the next Sawa class are calling themselves? ZUR FENKEL – Sawa Aynweridn. Ask Teg. Mahmuday “The Best” Saleh what Zur Fenkel means?

            By the way young blood you should know and never forget, though praise be to the almighty his alive, safe and healthy amongst us, Ayya Ismail AA is of the caliber of Eritrean class of such Teg Ibrahim Afa, General Sebhat Efrem, Martyr Teg Ahmed Naser, Martyr Teg. Degiga etc… Now that you honored to be present and dialogue amongst Eritea’s best of the best loved children who equally loved Eritrea back. So please watch what you say and immediately as for forgiveness from Ayya Ismail AA.

            Zur Ferkel!

            tSAtSE

          • Nitricc

            You should show some more respect towards the scholar and gentlemen Ayya Ismail AA is, who happens to be your elder. When responding to Hashela you know very well you are addressing our revered Ayya Ismail./blockquote>

            Hi Tsatse; I do appreciate if you don’t translate are aasume what i am saying or what i am saying. I have the outmost respect for Ismail and i will never say anything to disrespect the man. even if i have to say anything i will say it to Ismail’s face. What i have in mind when i made that comment was Amanuel who called for the moderator to take action because i posted Tigryan dialect. So, my friend, please stop guessing what i am saying. I am very capable to express things as is.
            Thanks.

        • iSem

          Hi Aya Ismail AA:
          Eid Mubrak. Hope the fasting, the praying during the holy month off Ramadan by our Muslim brothers and sisters bring all of us the peace we yearn and deserve. God bless all of you who observed Ramadan.
          What you told Nitricc regarding the language is true. Even English as spoken in UK, varies from south to north, in Canada from Maritime to Central. Usually it is those with identity issue that make fun of Tigray, they forget that in the southern part of Eritrea in the borders the accent is the same like Tigray. They ignore that many in the central part of highlands in Hamassien marry away from Tigray and that we have common heritage with Tigray, but we have different citizenship. Ans they look away when it is pointed out to them that Tigryans are in power in Eritrea: Hagos Kisah, Isaias to mention just the mafia boss and the money man. And these are more dangerous to Eritrea than the Tigrayans in Tigray sitting in Mekele and minding their Tigray.
          What you told Nitricc is so true that it is good to grow more brains cells,an antidote for YPFDJ lies, but a cure is only as good as the will to take it as the doc prescribed it

          • Ismail AA

            Selam iSem,

            Thank you very much for the Id greeting. You are quite correct. Some people rate the language they speak as original and refined without reflecting on how the targeted think about them. For the thoughtful, in fact it is the targeted dialect or variant that is original and unadultrated compared to city cwellers’ language that turns to be mishmash of words and terms from several languages.

    • Hope

      Selam Mahmuday:
      As usual,well articulated analysis and am not sure any one will disagree with you.
      But I disagree with you for the FIRST time in ref to our own internal issues:
      a) PIA has remained the SOLE and MAJOR obstacle to the demarcation,economic and other related infrastructure of Eritrea for obvious reasons.
      The TPLF is ONLY using PIA and his treacherous tactics to keep us hostages.
      Internal eritrean problems are mainly due to PIA and his tricks.
      I am amused for repeating PIA’s tricky words:
      ” Patience and Slowly “.

      28 yrs is NOT enough?

      b)with all due respect big Bro,what the HECK have the TPLF and Dr AAA to do with:

      i)an Unconditional declaration of a National Reconciliation and Amnesty followed by an UNCONDITIONAL release of Political Prisoners—-to be followed by
      ii)The implementation of a newly ratified Constitution and its provisions:
      -Basic Freedom of Speech
      -Freedom of Economy,Education and Regulated Movement of citizens and business communities
      iii)Building Strong Institutions
      iii)Making a serious Evaluation and Asst for “Repatriation and Rehabilitation of
      a)our old and new Refugees
      b)Restructuring,and improving of the National Service and demobilization of the EDF
      I thought the game is OVER for the TPLF?
      You talked about the banning of the TPLF-sponsored Eri Oppositions,which I agree with your assertion at least in principle but you are missing ONE serious point/:
      PIA has, NOT only has not created a conducive environment for the Eri Opp to abandon its TPLF-sponsored activities against the PFDJ but has BANNED every peaceful avenue for the opposition movements and other figures…..from day 1(since 1991—by banning the ELF and its Leaderships to join the Nation Building).
      You just SHOCKED me….on this issue.

  • Daniel

    Hello all,

    ”Ethiopian opposition members who were based in Eritrea returned to Ethiopia, and Eritrean opposition members based in Ethiopia did not return to Eritrea.”

    in case it hasn’t dawned on the good people at Awate.com let me break this to you. Whilst Ethiopian opposition based in Eritrea have semblence of acceptability to Ethiopian people, the self prcolaimed ‘opposition’ masquereeding under “Eritrean’ banner are anything but despised, loathed and utterly irrelevant. As such they serve no purpose by being allowed to return to Eritrea except take up valuable space. in that regard it is much more desirable if you people plan for your old age in the countries you currently reside in. you may follow Eritrea progress through the world wide weight but that is as close as you will ever get to Eritrea.

  • MICKIELLE

    It is hard to believe that Abiy did not know Issayas, even before the rapprochement. On the other hand, Issayas may not have known as to who Abiy was until he took the center stage of Ethiopia. What this may mean is, Abiy, all along knew how to milk the relationship to the maximum. Issayas is a loser when it comes to relationships, as we all know.

    • Consolation

      Hello Mikielle,

      Since you seem to be an expert on Isaias, I would like you to take your time and respond to the question that follows. Eritrea and Ethiopia signed a five point peace agreement. The two main points are the implementation of border delimitation and demarcation and the use of ports by Ethiopia. Now, the difference between Ethiopia and Eritrea is over what part of the agreement should be prioritized; while Eritrea has stressed the need of the demarcation, the Ethiopian Prime Minister wants that delayed and wants the economic integration to move forward. Now this is clearly a childish attempt on his part to delay and perhaps scuttle the border demarcation. This being the case, how do you think PIA should have handled the situation? Your expertise in this regard is eagerly awaited.

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    To all Muslim brothers, Eid Mubarak. Wish to hear good news for Eritreans with your blessed holiday.

    Regards

    • Consolation

      Hello Mikielle,

      Since you seem to be an expert on Isaias, I would like you to take your time and respond to the question that follows. Eritrea and Ethiopia signed a five point peace agreement. The two main points are the implementation of border delimitation and demarcation and the use of ports by Ethiopia. Now, the difference between Ethiopia and Eritrea is over what part of the agreement should be prioritized; while Eritrea has stressed the need of the demarcation, the Ethiopian Prime Minister wants that delayed and wants the economic integration to move forward. Now this is clearly a childish attempt on his part to delay and perhaps scuttle the border demarcation. This being the case, how do you think PIA should have handled the situation? Your expertise in this regard is eagerly awaited.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Consolation,

        “. What is surprising is that the ELF cadres have exactly similar hatred for Eritrea.”

        If the ELF cadres hate Eritrea, they wouldn’ Join the struggle of the Eritrean people,wounded, sacrifice for it, until you conspire with TPLF to eject ELFites from the field. You are so dumb you can’t even remember the love and marriage you had with TPLF and had not shame to even kill you brothers and sisters by joining hand with foreign forces. After all, it is that shame that makes you coward to hide behind pen name. People with courage and principle don’t hide. Your talking point makes you foolish and worthless for engagement. Because you don’t remember that you slept with TPLF in all part of Eritrea to do your evil act of conspiracy. The Eritrean people do remember what you did to their sons and daughters with TPLF. You can’t hide from that history.

        • Teodros Alem

          selam aman h
          If u believe tplf is a foreign force and if u believe tplf kills ur brothers and sisters by joining hand with eplf? so why is that u defending tplf 24/7? I think u r suffering from emotionally unstable personality disorder or u r dangerously unbalanced person.

  • Amanuel

    Hi All
    First Eid Mubarak to all muslim friends.
    Well, it was a marriage of convenience supported by ambulance chasers as Abdulrahman put it in London panel discussion.
    Most of the Ethiopian youtube channels have been discussing it for the last month or so. The points you have mentions are part of the problem but the main problem/or let down was the inability of Abiy to delivery the total destruction of TPLF with in IA’s patience span.

    • T. Kifle

      Dear Amanuel
      No earthly power can destroy the TPLF. This shows only their utter gullibility.

      • Nitricc

        Hey T-kifle; that is arrogance at its best. easy my man! if you had a real prime minister instead of the church pastor; all he had to do to destroy is, shut down the budget and watch you dying. But your prime mister did have it in him. So, don’t translate his weakness to your strength, you are not. At the end of the day TPLF will destroy TPLF, that is my prediction. Once the money they stole dwindles, then they will turn to each other. You watch.

        • T. Kifle

          Nitricc

          They call it commitment. Not arrogance!

          • Nitricc

            T-k easy!
            Commitment to what? to be being Superior over the rest people of Ethiopia?

          • T. Kifle

            Bitricc,
            ሚስኪን

          • Nitricc

            Pathetic why don’t you answer the freaking question. You are not better that the people of Ethiopia; the end of story.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Nitrickay,

          The Tigray people are rallying behind TPLF to foil the conspiracy against them. Why do you wish destruction against the Tigray people. Why don’t hope the Ethiopian People to come out from the current crises? There is no Ethiopia without Tigray, for it is for sure the center of their history. They can’t have a country by destroying their own people. Don’t be bad omen for the Ethiopian people. And don’t forget it will affect the whole region.

          • Nitricc

            Hey Aman-H; it is a crime aginst humanity to link the people of Tigray with corrupted and greedy TPLF thugs. The TPLF thugs are using the people of Tigray to avoid accountability. At the end of the day, the people of Tigray has to live side by side with rest of Ethiopian people and linking the Tigray people with TPLF thugs won’t serve justice to the people of Tigray. So, I think it you being a bad omen for the people, not me. The people of Tigray and TPLF thugs are two separate thing, the end of the story.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Nitrickay,

            The history and the sacrifice of TPLF belong to them. The Ethiopian people are denying their history and the sacrifice of Tigray people. They are united than ever to defend their history and their sacrifice. Don’t be Niave. They have a history of fighting back.

          • Nitricc

            Hey Aman-H; I think you are wrong. I am not denying the sacrifices of the Tigryan people but how long shall the Ethiopian people endure the suffering at the hands of The TPLF thugs? They loot Ethiopia blindly; they destroy every thing Ethiopia has to offer. The country is at brink of financial disaster because of the TPLF loot. So are you suggesting the Ethiopian people shall be under TPLF control for ever because TPLF helped to bring change?

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Nitrickay,

            I am not saying you are denying. What I am saying is the Amaras and their collaborators from the other sections of Ethiopia are denying the history and sacrifice they have made.

            Second, the Tigray people know very well without any ambiguity, that TPLFhave fought to answer to their aspirations and the grievances they had with the Ethiopian rulers. No matter how you try to seperate TPLF and Tigray people, their common sacrifice for their “rights and history” are bounded together by their martyrs. Just take for instance, can we seperate EPLF and ELF from the Eritrean people. No. Because they fought for the aspiration of the Eritrean people with all the shortcomings in the process of the long struggle. So don’t lose the historical logic to it and the sacrifice of their sons and daughters of Tigray people. The bond is right there.

          • Nitricc

            Hey Aman-H; I really want to engage you on this one but time is not on my side. However; time permitting I would like to take you to task. For now; you are saying that because TPLF and the Tigrya people paid the sacrifice i.e. that gives them to dominate and to be on the top of the rest! And I am saying for how long do the rest of the people of Ethiopia endure the dominance and repression of the TPLF and Tigray people due to the TPLF paid price? If TPLF paid the price for dominance and upper hand; why is wrong for the Amara, Oromo and the rest of Ethiopia to fight back to be equal? did you see where I am coming from?

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Nitrickay,

            “For now; you are saying that because TPLF and the Tigrya people paid the sacrifice i.e. that gives them to dominate and to be on the top of the rest! And I am saying for how long do the rest of the people of Ethiopia.”

            Who told you that? Don’t try to put your words in to my mouth. Read to what I am telling you. The Tigray people are defending their history and their sacrifice when the Amara and abiy’s administration trying to trash it.

          • Nitricc

            The Tigray people with their organizations are defending their history and their sacrifice when the Amara and abiy’s administration trying to trash it.

            Hey Aman-H; you know very well I am not trying to words what ever but can you tell me what is the history of Tigray and why they fought? what was their motive and agenda when they fought the Derg? why did they fight? You can defend all you want the TPLF thugs but make sure it isn’t at the expenses of the truth and you know the truth very damn way. come-on now.

          • Kaleb

            Hi Nitricc,
            I am just curious, do you really know how life used to be during Menelik, Haile Silasie and Derg in Eritrea and Tigray? Specially in Tigray it was close to hell. I am focusing in Tigray because we are discussing TPLF and Tigray people.
            1. During Haile Silasie reign (40 years), there were only two high schools, just only two high schools in 40 years in Tigray. There was no college, University, training center, factory, NOTHING. If anyone thinks there was one please give me with evidence.
            2. During Derg, there was only Five high schools in the entire Tigray, just only five high schools in 17 years. There was no college, University, training center, factory NOTHING. If anyone thinks there was one please give me with evidence.
            3. There was only one road built during the five years of Italian expansion, it remained there for 57 years (Haile Silasie and Derg). There was no new reads or infrastructure built in Tigray during Haile Silasie and Derg.
            4. There was no a single factory in Tigray in 57 years (Haile Silasie and Derg). Think about it and ask WHY?
            5. I can add more ….. but it is waste of time

            Today, the last 28 years, Tigray has:-
            1. Over 265 high schools (over two hundred sixty five high schools). I have done my research.
            2. Four Universities.
            3. Mekelle Institute of Technology (This is one of the best University in the country), do your research before responding.
            4. Kallamino Special School (this is one of the best school you can find in Ethiopia, do your research)
            5. Almost every Woreda has at least Earthen Roads, if not Asphalt Road. Ask people who visited Tigray. If our intention is TRUTH then we have to ask real people.
            6. Five big Hospitals, with one specialized Hospital (Ayder Comprehensive Specialized Hospital)
            7. More than 100 factories …. Mekelle has more that 30 factories.
            8. I can add more ….. the question is, is it enough? NO, it is not enough, TPLF will take the blame for not doing enough, however it has done way better than anyone before them.

            Look the difference, 57 years of Amhara reign has done nothing to Tigray, however the last 27 years has been a great stride to Tigray, thus Tigray people has every reason to line-up behind TPLF. I am not denying that TPLF has done wrong things in Ethiopia, however in terms of achievement they have done better than any government before them. Thus, to say Tigray people has to stop supporting TPLF is just ridiculous. we have to speak TRUTH, Tigray people can choose what is best for them but we can also see the difference in Tigray before and after Amhara reign. With all due respect let’s discuss with substance and evidence.

          • Nitricc

            Today, the last 28 years, Tigray has:-
            1. Over 265 high schools (over two hundred sixty five high schools). I have done my research.
            2. Four Universities.
            3. Mekelle Institute of Technology (This is one of the best University in the country), do your research before responding.
            4. Kallamino Special School (this is one of the best school you can find in Ethiopia, do your research)
            5. Almost every Woreda has at least Earthen Roads, if not Asphalt Road. Ask people who visited Tigray. If our intention is TRUTH then we have to ask real people.
            6. Five big Hospitals, with one specialized Hospital (Ayder Comprehensive Specialized Hospital)
            7. More than 100 factories …. Mekelle has more that 30 factories.

            Hi Kalab; although you mixing two different issues and you are trying to rap it up in one basket, however; I am welling to go your way and I believe you believe that Gonder is Ethiopian, so you have listed me what has achived in Tigray and I wanted you to do the same thing to Gonder for me and then you get my point. Please tell me what has accomplished in Gonder comparing to Tigray. Thanks.

          • Kaleb

            Hi Nitricc,
            My point is, you said “The TPLF thugs are using the people of Tigray to avoid accountability. At the end of the day, the people of Tigray has to live side by side with rest of Ethiopian people and linking the Tigray people with TPLF thugs won’t serve justice to the people of Tigray.”
            If TPLF has benefited Tigray then why should Tigray reject TPLF?
            If Tigrians are being killed in Amhara region (Gonder and Gojam) for example, if Tigrians are being killed in Oromia region (Shashemene for example), why would Tigrians reject TPLF who has done better than any previous government in Ethiopia? What is the benefit? If the rest of Ethiopians are not protecting Tigrians, why would Tigrians reject TPLF who has transformed Tigray better than any government before them? What is the benefit for Tigray people to reject TPLF? Do you think the center will be good for Tigray than TPLF?
            We may have a reason to hate TPLF which is perfectly reasonable, however to say Tigray has to reject TPLF is preposterous. Let the Tigray people decide what is best for them.
            With regard to “Gonder”, I don’t have the statistics to provide you. The one thing I know is EPRDF has done a lot outside Tigray, thus proportionally Gonder has gotten its own pie. However ANDM/ADP has to be responsible in Gonder not TPLF.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Nitrickay,

            You keep repeating the same thing, I will not continue to repeat myself. The truth of the matter is the facts on the ground speaks for themselves. We have seen Ethiopia transformed as oppose the decades before that turning history. Since you are not bringing argument that adds value to our debate, for now I rest my case. But thing how Ethiopian save thei country from the current crises. For sure Abiy will not save Ethiopia without saving EPRDF.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam aman h
            now u turn from eritrea opposition in ethiopia bs to another bs.
            tplf is tigrai party, if u want to compare tplf successe , u have to compare it based on tplf’s accomplishments in tigrai and only then u will make sense.
            2nd, there will not be a party called eprdf or adp or odp or tplf in the future of ethiopia poltics, they all be history and they Will form in a collaboration with other parties of ethiopia a new country wide party, that is the plan and they r working on it and u will see.
            So ur tplf will be this, will be that rhetoric is bs.

          • Selam Amanuel H,.

            Who said, “if not my way, ethiopia is not meant to be?”. Was not he the person you revere as a demigod. What does it really mean? Doesn’t it mean that unless ethiopia is under tplf, we will make sure she does not exist the next day? Who said “ኢትዮፒያ በኣፍንጫዋ ብትደፋ ግድ የለንም?”. Wasn’t the same tplf when it came with anti-ethiopia agenda in 1991.
            Tplf hijacked the sacrifice of the people of tigray as pfdj did. Did ordinary tigrayans sacrifice themselves to see a group who hated ethiopia and became worse dictators than the derg? When they came, the people of ethiopia thought they would free them from the blood thirsty derg, democracy could come to the land, and on the contrary, to the surprise of the ethiopian people they found themselves under a worse dictatorial regime that killed, disappeared people, incarcerated, tortured, humiliated them and looted.
            By the way, why should anyone fight tplf, as long as they remain in their small corner? That is foolishness. The people of tigray will soon get fed up of the continued oppression in tigray and rise up against them, despite what they say, that the people of tigray is with them. The other scenario is that when cornered, tplf will construct an other iron curtain and young tigrayans will be victims of an open-ended military service like in eritrea, and they will be forced to flee tigray as eritreans are doing. These two organizations are the two sides of the same coin, and they function in a similar way. Do you think that tplf will be any different or it will create a prosperous state in its small enclave? Remember what Sebhat Nega said about effort, that it is tplf money and not that of the people of tigray. That is how much they care even for the people of tigray.

          • Nitricc

            Tplf hijacked the sacrifice of the people of tigray as pfdj did

            Hi Horizon; first of all leave Eritrea and PFDJ out of this. Stop mixing things up. If it wasn’t for PFDJ and the people of Eritrea; there was time the corrupted TPLF and the rest of Ethiopia united as one to eliminate and break the spinal cord of Eritrea. Guess who foiled that evil intention to eradicate Eritrean once for ever; you guessed it, PFDJ and the people of Eritrea, so for you to mix things up only shows your shallowness and the lack of understanding the situation. Get in on it with the TPLF thugs and hands off on Eritrea.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Horizon (the not Horizon),

            The history of TPLF is the history of the Tigray people. They will defend it whatever it takes. Get the message and deal with it. Start to commemorate as your own history in order to have a “unified history.” How difficult is this to understand.

          • Selam Amanuel H.,
            Yes, maybe ethiopians should commemorate it as well, but for a different reason. For you and co. as a great day on which your friends deposed the dictatorship of the Derg and replaced it with tplf dictatorship, and on the contrary, ethiopians will commemorate it as a Sad Day, and they will give pledge that “Never Again, Shall There Be Another Dictatorship In Ethiopia.” Dictatorship could be your history, but it is not mine. That is why you support dictatorship in ethiopia, and you say that you are a justice seeker in eritrea. Who will believe you?

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Horizon,

            What different reason could it be other than commemorating the sacrifice of the sons and daughters of Tigray people in getting rid the Derg system and giving you a Federal system that gives autonomy power to the peripheries? Could you state what the other reasons could be?

          • Mez

            Dear Amanuel H,
            1) I don’t know if this is the place to dissect and digest the TPLF as a political actor in Ethiopia.

            2) your above reply to Horizon contradects the core value of your own fundamental perspective ( be it political, socioeconomic, peace, equality, fraternity, rule of law, democracy and other social goods).

            Thanks

          • Hayat Adem

            Hi Horizon,
            You are a grown up man, and probably educated on top of that. How do I tell you to stop lying without sounding rude?
            *Meles didn’t exactly say “if not my way, ethiopia is not meant to be”. If you want to quote him, quote him exactly, the exact words. Not only that, If you want to be completely honest about what he meant, present the quote within context. That way, you can be more effective and impacting with your messages. No worse damage can you do to yourself than carelessly appearing as a deliberate liar and unprincipled agitator. Meles who was ready to sacrifice his life to better and defend Ethiopia just lived all his life honoring that commitment. Not just in words but did so in actuality. No sane man can questioned him on that front. Also, you need to be reminded again of your earlier declared position that you said you would never question Meles’ patriotism. Nothing changed since then except the new sheriff in town is messing up all aspects of national affairs including strategic projects proving how Meles was so great in navigating the country through thick and thin.
            *The Tplf didn’t, they wouldn’t and they couldn’t say “ኢትዮፒያ በኣፍንጫዋ ብትደፋ ግድ የለንም?” They went to the bush to save and defend Ethiopia with their lives and flesh. They did that. They sacrificed 60k and many villages for Ethiopia and Tigray. When they assumed power, they arrested Ethiopia’s sheer fall down the hatch and turned it around and made it an East African super power in all measures. Ethiopia is only going nose dive now at a speed like that fateful 937 Max 8 now after unknown forces of unclear intentions took power. Again, denial and betryal is in plenty supply among the Ethiopian elites these days and you are fabricati g stuff as part of that. But you have no moral ground to question the patriotism of Tplf nor Meles, specifically now.
            *So you are telling us Tplf is “more dictator” than the Derg and “more blood thirsty” than the Derg? I think you have a skewed mentality when such nonsense dare pass your thoughts. I don’t think even the Derg’s would say… oh.. that is too much! Why would you say that knowing for sure such comparison has no currency? I for one don’t understand the purpose such claims. I just hope you are not suffering from anything bigger than ignorance.
            You also said this: “Remember what Sebhat Nega said about effort, that it is tplf money and not that of the people of tigray” It is obvious Sibhat didn’t, wouldn’t and couldn’t say those words. Too many lies. You have budgeted lies for all the days in the week. Nothing unusual here except you seem to have borrowed from tomorrow’s lies this time. You are overdoing yourself with this lies of hate. Your hate for Tigray and Eritrea is showing in the following lines you put up today:
            1. “By the way, why should anyone fight tplf, as long as they remain in their small corner? That is foolishness.”
            2. “when cornered, tplf will construct an other iron curtain and young tigrayans will be victims of an open-ended military service like in eritrea, and they will be forced to flee tigray as eritreans are doing.”
            3. “Do you think that tplf will be any different or it will create a prosperous state in its small enclave?”

          • Teodros Alem

            selam hayat
            r u saying tplf manifesto was and still is a lie? r u saying artical 39 of the constitution is a lie too?.
            let me tell u this , if u ask none tigrai ethiopians atleast 90% of them will tell u this, derg is a dictator but they r our dictator and tplf is not just a dictators but they r not and never been our dictators.u see the different? So tplf is by far, i repeat by far worse than derg in the eyes of ethiopians.and don’t forget tplf don’t mean eprdf.

          • Hi Hayat Adem,

            It is interesting when a deceitful con-woman calls me a liar and unprincipled agitator. What i do not understand is why some eritreans are so naive to trust you. You are part of the greater tigray grand plan right from the start. When you begged tplf to invade eritrea, that was part of the plan. It was not meant for the interest of eritrea and its people. No war is waged for the interest of people, and especially when done by a force that has a masterplan to be the hegemonic power of the region. You can lie a million times. It was meant to bring eritrea under tplf hegemony, and they better be careful. That is why your heart bleeds day and night for tplf, especially now it has shrunk to its appropriate size. While eritreans are worried about the lion, the tiger is coming through the back door, and some eritreans are facilitating it.

            Your demigod said it before millions of ethiopians, and when asked about sharing power he said “go and fight for it as we did”. That was a trait of a an arrogant dictator. Lying, denying, deceitfulness ….. are the modus operandi of all dictators and their supporters, as you are lying and denying about everything now. That is how the brain of dictators and their stooges is wired.

            When the dust is settled, don’t worry, the 27 years will be written as the dark chapter of ethiopian history, the time ethiopian history was denied and called a hundred years history, its existence undermined and ethiopians were told unashamedly “what is Axum to them”. Now ethiopians are paying dearly the legacy of tplf dictatorship, which pitted one ethnic group against the other. The kebero you are beating that ethiopia is disintegrating is as the result of the work of your masters’ in the tplf. It was part of their master plan, which they are supporting, funding and arming even today with the looted ethiopian money.

            MZ worked for a hundred years of tplf hegemony and not for ethiopia and ethiopians, nor for tigrayans. That was the reason ethiopians were killed, disappeared, incarcerated, ethiopian men were sodomized, peed upon by tplf women and the country was looted to the bone.

            It is simply pathetic that things that pains ethiopia and her people and even the world community, seems to give you a sort of satisfaction. That is why you brought the B737 Max painful case. You are acting like a voodoo priestess wishing doom and gloom for ethiopia. It is not in your hands, fortunately.

            What ethiopia is missing today is the corrupt tplf which left behind a debt of more than $40b, which she will never be able to pay back, money that was stolen by tplf kleptocrats and deposited in secret accounts in asia, the middle east and the rest of the world. Unfortunately, ethiopia could not get information on this as she asked, because she is not member of some sort of (?)organization. Ethiopia has now decreased that borrowing spree, which has decreased the theft.

            Finally, your tplf can’t continue to stand with one leg in the federation and the other outside the federation. At one point it will be forced to decide what it wants to do. If it returns fully to the federation, it will be forced to come back without its poison as a natural member of the group and with a deflated ego. I know, you don’t like the truth and you call it hate.

      • Peace!

        Hi T.Kifle,

        You are right TPLF is well equipped with the looted money and army equipments. But what would be the legitimate purpose for:

        Invade the 96 million Ethiopians and impose TPLF 2.0? Not a CHANCE

        Has anyone showed interest on invading Tigray? NOP

        The best way to put it: TPLF ንጸይቂ ኡኹል ዓቕሚ ኣለዋ ( enough power for creating havoc and sabotages) which I completely agree.

        Peace!

      • Mez

        Dear T. Kifle,

        1) No war mongering please, that shall belong to the past.

        1.1) As far as I can tell, no contemporary Ethiopian political party have a political agenda “to destroy TPLF”. The last known political entity with such an agenda was the derg–& it is gone 30 years ago from the political arena.

        2) for tplf to stay relevant (in the political market place):

        2.1) it have respect the rule of law, and demonstrate that unequivocally in its day to day life,
        2.2) it have to win the minds and hearts of the people (it says it best represents) in every future political election cycle (may be every four or five years)–that both at the local and federal level.

        3) other than the above, if you still think “No earthly power can destroy the TPLF” then you have to transform the organization into more of a religious cult–that with a distinctive ideology, and perpetual theft (and stealing) based economy. In this case I don’t know how long, and how many follwer you will have.

        4) the way you formulate and present your thought, you looks like a super nationalist–looking tigray the center of the world. Good luck with that.

        thanks

        • Nitricc

          No earthly power can destroy the TPLF.

          Hey Mez: Thanks for your wisdom: when someone declares “No earthly power can destroy the TPLF.” it is really mind bugling. It shows the arrogance of the TPLF thugs. They might think they are armed by the looting of Ethiopian weapons but the weapons are old and outdated yet, the TPLF thugs think they are armed and ready. I don’t think they know and understood the advancement of weapons over the last 20 years. Only the stupid and the backward believes in war and weapons, time has changed and the current times demands for dialogue, yet, the TPLF thugs are bragging in war and going as far as declaring ” No earthly power can destroy the TPLF.”
          that is the definition of insanity and stupidity. Tigryans, be careful what you wish for, that is my humble advice.

  • mokie berhe

    Salam all. Look for the next big conspiracy theory to soon be showing at a theater near you: ‘Ethiopian-Eritrean Peace Deal On the Rocks as PIA and PMAA Are Now Fighting Behind The Scenes’

  • mokie berhe

    Salam Awate Team. Talk about an elephant in the room! Why do you avoid talking about the spoiler role of the TPLF? Why do you not mention the TPLF’s refusal to withdraw troops from Badme, its hosting of Eritrean opposition elements in Tigray, and its attempt to smuggle SALW into Eritrea and to other parts of Ethiopia, its flat-out refusal to comply with federal level directives/orders (i.e. arrest warrants)? Challenges facing PMAA in dealing with PIA? Why do you not mention the main one which is the TPLF? The TPLF is doing absolutely everything that it can to destroy the peace agreement and to unseat PMAA from power. It is a rather plain and simple matter, but you wish to dance around the elephant in the room and to create another conspiracy theory that PMAA and PIA are having a major fallout; though you are not saying as such currently, I am sure that you will in due course. You say that only a small section of land connects Eritrea and Afar region? Are you using a newer version of the Greater Tigray map than what I have? Eritrea’s border with Afar region of Ethiopia is almost 400 kilometers long. Do you call that a small section?

    • Saleh Johar

      Hi Mokie,
      I will not respond to the AT but I would like to make a deal with you

      You talk about the big elephant outside the room (Saudi’s and UAE) then I will talk about the other elephant in the room (TPLF) and the hyena in the room (pfdj). Deal?

      • Kokhob Selam

        Yes Saleh Johar,

        “Deal”..very excellent to challenge the other side…But, he will never challenge you..

        KS,,

    • Ted

      Hi Mokie,
      We heard ” Wayne’s game is over” several times from various sources…following the butcher in Asmara. Do you mean the game is still on and woyane is a major player

  • Yohannes Zerai

    Dear Awate Team,

    Thank you for an editorial (?) piece that provides both an update on, and an analysis of, the state of the relationship between Prime Minister Abiy and President Isaias thus far. Until I will shortly come up with my comment on the substance of your article, I thought I may perhaps bring to your attention a couple of factual errors — some trivial, others substantive — contained in the article.

    1. The peace agreement that the two leaders concluded was signed on July 10, 2019 during the latter’s state visit to Eritrea (The agreement that was signed on September 5, 2018 was the so-called Tripartite agreement ivolving Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia).

    2. You stated that “ … the only surviving four-star general in the Eritrean army and a veteran of the armed struggle. (The other four-star General, Ogbe Abraha, was jailed with the G-15 and in 2001 and is believed to have died in prison.)
    How about General Philipos Woldeyohannes who, with a rank of General, has been the Chief of Staff of EDF since mid-March 2014?

    3. The piece carries the following statement: “However, with the exception of a small portion that connects Eritrea to Ethiopia in the Afar region, in the southwest of Eritrea, the rest of the Eritrea-Ethiopia boundary borders the Tigrai region.”
    a) While it is true that the longest segment of the Ethio-Eritrea border abuts Ethiopia’s Tigrai Regional State, the border segment that Eritrea shares with the Afar Regional State too is quite sizeable. In fact, it is only a little shorter than the former! A section of Eritrea’s border that can truly be characterized as a “small portion” is that between Eritrea and Djibouti.
    b) The Afar Regional State (hence, the border segment that Eritrea shares with that State) is to the southeast, NOT to the southwest of Eritrea.

    4. Another statement in the piece goes: “Between Sept 2018 and March 2019, PM Abiy Ahmed and Isaias Afwerki have met at least ten- times.”
    Since you seem to have counted all the meetings that the two have ever had, you must have started your count with the first meeting that the two had on July 9, 2018.

    Thank you

    • Saleh Johar

      Hi Yohannes,
      As you mentioned in your comments, I will leave aside the trivial errors is major general Flipos a 3-star general? I thought he was a 3-star. Can you confirm ?

      • Ismail AA

        Selam SJ & Yohannes,
        I am curious about how the supremo distributes the ranks. It can as well be whimsical handout tokens that can be given and taken.
        Happy Id al-Fitr.

        • Amanuel

          Eid Mubarak Ismail AA,
          It is based on his whim to be frankly. I was working in the D. Ministry when the raking was given during 1996. It was shambles. For example the brief was to have a civilian D.minster and lower generals . Few days before the dead line, it was declared that the minister will be full General and some M.Generals . I also remember, I think was Friday, IA distributed full colonel ranks that day in Keren I think, and there were about three comrades I was close to. They were around that level but when they were left out from full colonel rank distribution that Friday they were a bit surprised. I can see they were gloating with happiness that they will get B. General at least as the lower (than colonel) ranks where already distributed. So they were confident they will get at least B. General. But come Saturday morning IA gave them Colonel1 and declaring the once given on Friday colonel2. I had another close comrade with the group from Friday and he told me the certificate he got from IA entitled him with the rank of colonel, he new nothing about this colonel2. It was kind of joke.

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Amanuel,
            Thank you for the information. Typical moody behavior of dictators.

      • Yohannes Zerai

        Hi SGJ,

        As you well know, it is hard (in fact, impossible) to confirm or deny anything about the workings of the ‘political establishment’ — be it the party or the government — in Eritrea. This is true not only for ordinary people like me, but for the majority of those who work for the system even in positions of authority.

        I remember I was visiting Eritrea in March 2014 when Major General Wuchu passed away and two weeks later three veterans of the independence struggle and senior officials of the government (Desu, and Generals Vaynak and Hanjema) were killed in a car accident. During that two week interval, rumor was rampant in Asmara that Major General Philipos Woldeyohannes had (a) replaced Wuchu as Chief of Staff of the EDF and (b) been promoted to “full” General!

        As everyone is aware, the regime is not known for officially announcing appointments and promotions even those involving the most important government positions and most senior officials. Citizens often come to know of such appointments/promotions when news reports by the government-controlled media suddenly start using the new position, title or rank when referring to the official concerned. So, it is highly likely that the rumor about Philipos was triggered by such casual pronouncements of the Ministry of Information.

        But finally, Philipos’s rising star became tangibly evident on March 26, 2014 when he, representing the EDF, laid wreath in honor of Desu and Brigadier Generals Vaynak and Hanjema at their funeral – a ceremonial function that had hitherto been reserved for General Sebhat Ephrem since his appointment as Defence Minister (and General) in 1995. At the wreath laying ceremony, Philipos was formally introduced as ‘General Philipos Woldeyohannes, Chief of Staff of EDF’ thereby confirming earlier rumors about his elevated status in the military.

        A few days thereafter, an ex-neighbor of mine who was a colonel in active service with EDF at the time told me that Isaias “is building up Philipos to be Sebhat’s equal both in military rank and prestige so that he would push Sebhat out from EDF and have Philipos as the top military man in the country.” Well, everything the colonel told me then has since happened in reality. Finally, a General is by definition a four-star military officer.

        Thank you

  • Teodros Alem

    Selam
    Eid Mubarak Abu Saleh, Saay7,Mahamud and everybody kol sana wentum tayeb.

  • Brhan

    Dear awate,
    First Happy Eid Mubarek!
    Your analysis is very good. In politics there is no a permanent enemy nor friend. It is about calculating interests. Ethiopia’s foreign policy is based on states that are also based on ethnic background. Each group sees it stake in external relations, including with Eritrea. Though Abiy government seeks one voice from the states , Tigray Kilil has send him different voices. At one time it is the need to peace and at the other time it is fists.
    In Eritrea, it is different story. It is one man show.Technically it is easily handed by the dictator who is hardly checked by a parliament because there is no parliament.
    So the honey moon is over and the book is opened and guess what every one , including Abiy has discovered that the book’s title one thing at the details inside the book , is another thing.

  • Alex

    Hi Awate,
    The heading of the article is misleading. I heard the interview PMAA made with VOA and no were he mention that there is a problem between him and PIA on anything. He stated as two sovereign countries they can not leave the border open until they come up with the agreement between the two countries since there could be some security issue since there are Eritrean opposition in Ethiopia that are not returned back to Eritrea and for the time being they increased the frequency of travel by air between the two countries.

    • Brhan

      Hi Alex
      The article is analysis. It is not news. News is presented as is. But the above is not news for awate.com. It is news for voa. So Awate , like me and you can read news and analyze it and then produce an analysis. They can give any heading to the analysis because they had done their homework : did research, to produce their analysis. This is journalism’s fact and you can’t do anything because you do not like it . You have to accept the fact. If you Alex came with your analysis to certain news we have to respect your effort as long as you did it genuinely, meaning not for propaganda but as a scientific analysis.
      Have a nice day

    • Amanuel

      Hi Alex
      Let say he didn’t mention there are problems but what is your assessment comparing to last summer’s flirtatious relationship and Abiy’s missing Eritrean Independence Day?
      It is your lovely aunt who drop by every weekend suddenly missing your Ngdet with out good reason.