Inform, Inspire, Embolden. Reconcile!

Isaias and His Tactics for a Quarter of a Century

A quarter of a century after independence on May 24, 1991, Eritrea still has some growing agonies to overcome. The country that was considered hope and model for the ravaged Africa (Cameron McWhirter, Chicago tribune, may 16, 1993), has now become one of the largest refugee producing countries in the world. Twenty-five years after the joyful celebrations and endless promise of freedom and justice, Human Rights Watch reported that tens of thousands of prisoners of conscience–political and religious–are held in arbitrary detention centers. Currently, Eritrea under a single political party, the People’s Front for democracy and Justice (PFDJ), has no freedom of expression, no independent media, and no civil society. Under the grueling and well rooted dictatorial government of Issais Afewerki, Eritrea is ravaged by serious human right abuses and poverty (Human rights watch Report 2015: Eritrea). Therefore, it is apparent to ask, how did the once promising African country turn into one with no constitution, freedom of press, freedom of religion, and no structured justice system? And what does the future hold for the small, yet strategic country, and its people?

For more than a century, Eritreans have been paying dearly for the ideals of liberation, freedom, democracy, and justice. Initially under Eritrean liberation front, followed by Eritrean people’s liberation front, the people have led a thirty-year war for independence from Ethiopia. They won independence and hoped to build a prosperous country with a constitution that safeguarded freedom and justice. Ever since Eritrea marked its formal independence on May 24, 1991, it has been rule by the dictatorial government of Isaias, the former freedom fighter who has been in power since 1973, together with other leaders who split from the Eritrean Liberation Front (ELF) to form the Eritrean People Liberation Front (EPLF).  After independence, EPLF changed its name to PFDJ, which is the sole ruling party.

The Eritrean revolution had many brave, educated and capable leaders within its ranks but still, Isaias managed to stay in power facing little or no resistance; it is still a mystery how Isaias managed to stay as a top commander of the EPLF throughout the struggle era. For a revolutionary organization that was praised for its effective structure, it is unexplainable why the freedom fighters allowed him to hold power until Independence Day; twenty-five years later, he is the first and the only president the country has seen. In his recent interview with Al Jazeera, Isaias said that there will not be any election in Eritrea any time soon; knowing how Isaias managed to stay in power for such a long time, would greatly help in understanding the history, the present and the future of the country.

This article is mainly based on my personal observations on the post-independence era and will emphasize the tactics Isaias used to mislead the people to stay in power. In addition, I will address the main consequences of his dictatorial regime and the impact it could have for the future the country.

If we assess the behavior of the government of Isaias after independence, we can clearly track his strategies and systematic movements, we can understand how he held power for a quarter a century. Out of the many strategic steps he took, I will focus on the following:

  1. Isaias expelled international aid agencies and stopped Western presence in line with his draconian policy of self-reliance with an aim to control the country. Western involvement in the country could have exposed the regime’s human right abuses and injustice, hence lead it would have led to a strong condemnation and opposition that could hinder him from implementing his unlawful governance.
  2. He cultivated a “man of the people” image for himself by his occasional evening strolls in the streets of Asmara. That action brought him a lot admiration—it was designed to portray a strong support from the people.
  3. The regime brainwashed most the people into believing that Eritrea is by far better than the rest of Africa. The state-owned media broadcasted negative images of other countries focusing on disruption, violence, protest, war, etc., while the state media tainted Western countries as a threat to the Eritrean national security and at same time made his supporters believe that Eritrea is under constant threat from the West, mainly United State and the United Kingdom.
  4. Isaias built a strong police and security system under the leadership of his trusted military officers who made their presence felt in the large cities during the passive period of 1991 to 1998. The security forces are equipped with orders to use force and severe punishments to instill fear among the people—it was a calculated move and a warning of the consequence for any protest.
  5. Isaias systematically hindered the implementation of the constitution which stated, “the principles on which the state is based and by which it shall be guided, and determines the organization and operation of government”. It is a source of government legitimacy and the basis for the protection of the rights, freedom, and justice. The constitution was ratified in 1997, but it was not implemented. Also, despite the ratification of the election law in 2002, election was not held. The constitution allows the president to hold office no more than two terms of five years each. Evidently, the constitution was the biggest threat to his long-term plan to stay in power indefinitely. Hence, it didn’t take long before a war with Ethiopia started. Now, 17 years later, Isaias and his government uses the “no war no peace” situation to cling to the power after he imprisoned top ministers and military leaders who demanded the implementation of the constitution after the border dispute went to arbitration.
  6. Isaias often reshuffles ministers and military commanders to create instability and insecurity. Popular ministers and leaders among the public, whom he considers a threat to his power are assigned to less significant positions.
  7. Isaias’ regime intentionally controls the speed and Internet and its access to limit communications to and from the country; his repressive government explicitly censors online and telephone communications. Internet is not allowed in private homes even if one can afford the prices, while the Internet cafés are monitored by security agents. Of course, Isaias is threatened by free communication doesn’t allow investment in Internet infrastructure to limit the opportunity for greater social awareness.
  8. The dictatorial regime also considers higher education as threat to the power structure. In 2002, the regime closed the only internationally recognized University in the country. Currently, there are only small and incompetent colleges that are administered by military officers.

The above mentioned systematic of rule, among others, has created a situation that allows Isaias to strengthen his dictatorial regime. Over the last 25 years he dominated and held every powerful position to effectuate his long-term plans. Most dictatorial regimes, such as the late Ghadaffi of Libya, Mugabe of Zimbabwe and Omar al Bashir of Sudan use the above-mentioned schemes. Just like other dictators, Isaias is determined to stay in power at any cost, without any vision (Fetsum Abraham, Awate, January 25, 2013). Under Isaias’ authoritarian regime, Eritrea has become:

  • The highest refugee producing country in the world. UNHCR Refugee Agency reported that asylum-seekers in Europe during the fiscal year of 2014 has nearly tripled. The number of Eritrean refugees in Ethiopia and Sudan has also increased sharply. The report claimed there is an increasing number of unaccompanied children among the refugees.
  • In April, 2016, Global Finance Magazine placed Eritrea the eightieth poorest country in the world with an estimated income per-capita (PPP) in 2015 of just over US $ 1,200. In September, 2012 the World Bank estimated that Eritrea was the sixth-poorest country in the world with poverty rate of 69%. In December 2014, International Monetary Fund (IMF) estimated the per-capita GDP adjusted for purchasing power parity between 2013 and 2018 will only grow by around 1.7%. By 2018, that will make Eritrea the second-poorest country in the word.
  • Eritrea has one of the most repressive media environments in the world (Freedom of press 2015). According to the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), as of December 1, 2014, there were 23 Journalists imprisoned in Eritrea. Reports Without Borders (RSF) placed Eritrea the last in the World Press Freedom Index for the past eight years.
  • Eritrea is a giant prison with unimaginably atrocious conditions. Amnesty International reported in 2013, that Eritrea’s regime has jailed at least 10,000 political prisoners. The number includes Journalists, critics of the government, people who practiced an unregistered religion, and those who tried to flee the country.

Under Isaias’ regime, Eritrea is being subjected to a continual, systematic violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms. In addition to the above abuses, the most common practices include forced labor, open-ended military conscription, restriction on freedom of expression and movement, repression of religious freedoms, torture and other degrading treatment in detention centers, arbitrary arrest, etc. The situation in Eritrea is going from bad to worst; with the current wage structure, even a university graduate can barely survive for 10 days. The cost of living has sky rocketed and people are heavily relying on food rations and money transferred from relatives in the Diaspora.

Eritrea has been branded as a failed state by many political observers and it requires a strong movement to provide an alternative means to solving its major problem, which is primarily the Isaias regime. Now, the solution seems to be finding a way to overthrow the Eritrean dictatorial regime and start a smooth transition towards a constitutional governance. Currently, there are numerous political organizations and civil associations working to mobilize the society to strongly resist and oppose the regime. However, it is undeniable that all the organizations, regardless their difference, need to work together to achieve the common goals to be able to defeat the PFDJ. Over the years, most of the opposition forces spent a great deal of time criticizing each other on insignificant issues. Now, more than any time before, it is vital for the opposition groups to lay aside their difference and focus on the main enemy of the people. Eritreans need to come together to stop further pain of the people—it is time to stop counting differences and start to save the people and the country. Every initiative against the PFDJ, regardless of its origin, should be supported, not opposed. Organizations should be engaged in constructive dialogue on how to effectively and collaboratively use their resources to topple the Isaias Afwerki regime.

Our people, especially those residing in Eritrea, are facing a great risk, and the stakes are high. Citizen should take the issue seriously and immediately come to a resolution to end Eritrea’s plight. The solution is in the people’s hand.

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  • said

    Greeting,
    One of the reason IA succeeded ,no one stood in his way . IA the student of MAO and Bolsheviks.IA have learned how Mao and Stalin succeeded in ruling their nation . EPLF/PFDJ are of same cloth acting ,their political doctrine, policy, ruling and behaving like its former period of struggle ,with Communist manifesto ideology and Central Party Committee a kind of political structure to control .the hard core supporters of IA regime and core cohort circles would be members of the EPLF Politburo and which, if any, would be dissidents? None.
    On the contrary, some top ELPF Leaders they were little more than modern-day Tartuffes, pretending to be morally righteous while disseminating their excusing their criminal boss’s, the period of struggle denying their boss obvious criminal mind and incompetence. Without naming and some had already died and vanished unfortunately and sadly ,their end was brought by, by very same IA they once adored and served obediently and blindly .None of them would ever give up anything, their lives no less their job positions , for the freedom, democracy and liberty that they constantly profess to cherish. These pathetic patriotic so called armchair generals in the recent Eritrean political and cultural to oppose are just not the stuff that civil-rights heroes are made of.
    German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche referred to as the ancient aristocrats or “nobles.” In his Genealogy of Morals, Nietzsche tried to explain the origin of modern morality. His theory, stripped of proto-Nazi references to Jews, Aryans, blonds, and racial superiority, is that morality grew out of the slaves’ resentment – what he called “ressentiment” – toward their masters. The latter treated each other well enough but had only contempt for the former. Eventually, the slaves – the “masses” or “herd” – retaliated against, and subverted, their cruel masters not with physical violence but rather with a more subtle and “clever” transformation of values. They re-defined “good” to mean not what the nobles thought – physical strength, military prowess, tribal loyalty, and ruthlessness in battle – but rather their very opposites, what we now think of as the “Judeo-Christian” virtues: humility, love, compassion, equality, and justice.
    The criminality of Asmara regime involved is epic almost beyond words. It’s a decent point, but I would add that regime supporters are much less reluctant to criticize by the regime murder when it is committed by their beloved regime than they are when the perpetrator is the by gone era of ELF one. regime supporters they don’t register in in their conscience. That’s part of their spiritual death. I think it goes back to civil war between EPLF AND ELF DAYS ,core regime supporters can’t or won’t see or care enough about these poor Eritreans officially undeserving dead and injured humans to include them in their understanding of what’s wrong with the Asmara dictatorial regime.
    .the failed nation that’s no small part of why the one poorest nation lags most other even poor nations on basic measures of ecommerce’s, social and physical health – life expectancy, infant mortality, health care affordability and access, poverty, education, equality, social mobility, and the like.

    • said

      My mistake Errore mio

      it was a short comments
      less than 500 words and quoted most of the saying of German philosopher
      Friedrich Nietzsche referred to as the ancient aristocrats or “nobles.”

  • said

    Greeting,
    One of the reason IA succeeded ,no one stood in his way . IA the student of MAO and Bolsheviks. IA have learned how Mao and Stalin succeeded in ruling their nation . EPLF/PFDJ are of the same cloth, in their acting political policy ,ruling and behaving like its former period of struggle ,with its core ideology of Communist manifesto and Party Central Committee ruling class , a kind of political structure . Which core supporters of IA regime and core cohort circles would be members of the EPLF Politburo and which, if any, would be dissidents? None.
    On the contrary, some top ELPF Leaders they were little more than modern-day Tartuffes, pretending to be morally righteous while disseminating their excusing their criminal boss’s, the period of struggle denying their boss obvious criminal mind and incompetence. Without naming and some had already died and vanished by the very same IA they once adored and served obediently and blindly .None of them would ever give up anything, their lives no less their job positions , none really fought for the freedom, democracy and liberty that they constantly profess to cherish. These pathetic patriotic so called armchair generals in the recent Eritrean political and cultural to oppose are just not the stuff that civil-rights heroes are made of.
    German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche referred to as the ancient aristocrats or “nobles.” In his Genealogy of Morals, Nietzsche tried to explain the origin of modern morality. His theory, stripped of proto-Nazi references to Jews, Aryans, blonds, and racial superiority, is that morality grew out of the slaves’ resentment – what he called “ressentiment” – toward their masters. The latter treated each other well enough but had only contempt for the former. Eventually, the slaves – the “masses” or “herd” – retaliated against, and subverted, their cruel masters not with physical violence but rather with a more subtle and “clever” transformation of values. They re-defined “good” to mean not what the nobles thought – physical strength, military prowess, tribal loyalty, and ruthlessness in battle – but rather their very opposites, what we now think of as the “Judeo-Christian” virtues: humility, love, compassion, equality, and justice.
    The criminality of Asmara regime involved is epic almost beyond words. It’s a decent point, but I would add that regime supporters are much less reluctant to criticize regime murder when it is committed by their beloved regime than they are when the perpetrator is the by gone era of ELF one. regime supporters they don’t register in in their conscience. That’s part of their spiritual death. I think it goes back to civil war between EPLF AND ELF DAYS ,core regime supporters can’t or won’t see or care enough about these poor Eritreans officially undeserving dead and injured humans to include them in their understanding of what’s wrong with the Asmara dictatorial regime.
    The failed nation that’s no small part of why the one poorest nation lags most other even poor nations on basic measures of economics, social and physical health – life expectancy, infant mortality, health care affordability and access, poverty, education, equality, social mobility, and the like.

  • ‘Gheteb

    Ahem, Ahem, Ahem: This Just In

    Greetings!!

    While the usual suspects, which is literally the thumping majority in this Forum, vented their spleen unreservedly on their denunciation of PIA, President Issais Afwerki, a lone ranger has just ‘whispered’ something that cut against this prominent grain.

    In opposition to all the odium on PIA, the lone ranger of this Forum, Nitricc, has made a singularly felicitous comment or observation.

    The sui generis take on PIA and his vision per the lone ranger:

    ” By now he [PIA] should have looted all he can and enjoy what ever time he has left. instead he is breathing dust in Adi Halo. Power enables you to do two things: loot resources or dictate your vision. Since he is not looting the resources, he is doing what he has to do to dictate and implement his visions. We can argue if his visions are right or wrong. Only time will tell. But from what I see and observe, he is determined to go his way”. [[ Edited for clarity]]

    On the take of the lone ranger versus the camp of ABI ( Anyone But Isaias):

    ” The only difference is that I see it from clear and reasonable view point while you and others see it with some emotional sometimes personal viewpoint. We are not talking about some body who walked in to power. Rather, a person who went through an amazing journey and surmounted incredible hurdles”. [ Minor Editing]

    Muckraking the takes of the absolute majority of this Forum’s participants’ view of PIA, Nitricc wrote:

    ” I see people talking how PIA is this and that but when go through what he went through, I don’t get it how you miss to understand what PIA is doing. like I have said, PIA could have done what other African leaders do, but he didn’t. He is giving the new generation a chance to do what is needed to be done, the right way. It is easy for everyone to talk smack and all the talks but try to put yourself in his shoe and imagine what he went through. He is not going to deviate nor change what worked for him and what he thinks is right. He has dodged every imaginable sabotage and conspiracy and he won. Why is it so hard to see the reality in the ground”. [ very minor editing]

    Nitricc, on the fate of those who tried to gang up against PIA:

    “At one time, Ethiopia, Sudan and Yemen ganged up to get rid of PIA and I ask where are they now? Yet, he is standing and standing tall. Fact! the last government tried to stand to him was Ethiopia and look where Ethiopia is and they are about to change their policy toward Eritrea. Hint, the people of Tigray are hurting due to no war no peace situation. What does that specific statement tell you. For me, it reminds me of Wedi Tukuls song, “NaAna Zibeluwo NaAtom Tetewyu”. Funny, isn’t it?” [little editing]

    Finally, the lone rangers recommendation and unsolicited advice to one and all:

    ” I suggest we see what is real in real time. He has prevailed. Again my appreciation of PIA is that he didn’t trash, contaminate and poison our political process, namely constitution, election and our collective national unity. He left it for us to do it the right way. Is everything what he does is right and just? NO!”. [Minor Editing]

    That was Nitricc’s vintage tour de force which literally left those who have rained obloquy on PIA in the dust.

  • said

    Greeting,
    One of the reason IA succeeded ,no one stood in his way . IA the student of MAO and Bolsheviks. IA have learned how Mao and Stalin succeeded in ruling their nation . EPLF/PFDJ are of the same cloth, in their acting political policy ,ruling and behaving like its former period of struggle ,with its core ideology of Communist manifesto and Party Central Committee ruling class , a kind of political structure . Which core supporters of IA regime and core cohort circles would be members of the EPLF Politburo and which, if any, would be dissidents? None.
    On the contrary, some top ELPF Leaders they were little more than modern-day Tartuffes, pretending to be morally righteous while disseminating their excusing their criminal boss’s, the period of struggle denying their boss obvious criminal mind and incompetence. Without naming and some had already died and vanished by the very same IA they once adored and served obediently and blindly .None of them would ever give up anything, their lives no less their job positions , none really fought for the freedom, democracy and liberty that they constantly profess to cherish. These pathetic patriotic so called armchair generals in the recent Eritrean political and cultural to oppose are just not the stuff that civil-rights heroes are made of.
    German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche referred to as the ancient aristocrats or “nobles.” In his Genealogy of Morals, Nietzsche tried to explain the origin of modern morality. His theory, stripped of proto-Nazi references to Jews, Aryans, blonds, and racial superiority, is that morality grew out of the slaves’ resentment – what he called “ressentiment” – toward their masters. The latter treated each other well enough but had only contempt for the former. Eventually, the slaves – the “masses” or “herd” – retaliated against, and subverted, their cruel masters not with physical violence but rather with a more subtle and “clever” transformation of values. They re-defined “good” to mean not what the nobles thought – physical strength, military prowess, tribal loyalty, and ruthlessness in battle – but rather their very opposites, what we now think of as the “Judeo-Christian” virtues: humility, love, compassion, equality, and justice.
    The criminality of Asmara regime involved is epic almost beyond words. It’s a decent point, but I would add that regime supporters are much less reluctant to criticize regime murder when it is committed by their beloved regime than they are when the perpetrator is the by gone era of ELF one. regime supporters they don’t register in in their conscience. That’s part of their spiritual death. I think it goes back to civil war between EPLF AND ELF DAYS ,core regime supporters can’t or won’t see or care enough about these poor Eritreans officially undeserving dead and injured humans to include them in their understanding of what’s wrong with the Asmara dictatorial regime.
    The failed nation that’s no small part of why the one poorest nation lags most other even poor nations on basic measures of economics, social and physical health – life expectancy, infant mortality, health care affordability and access, poverty, education, equality, social mobility, and the like.

  • Berhe Y

    Dear Paulos, Saay and Fanti.

    I don’t think he was corrupted because of power, I think he was corrupted all along. I remember somewhere posted in AT that he was chasing prostates in Italy when he come for a visit, and the poor women was worried that he may get sick. There was also similar story I think in of the G-15 interview how much he paid for geisha entertainment or something when they went to China. There was always a rumor how he use to spend days in Sudan with girls, drinking whisky during the independence.

    To me his character isn’t a surprise and how he now turn out, is not a surprise as well. I saw him with my own eyes back in 2001 in Asmara, Shamrock, drunk as a fish chasing young women..

    Now the interview with Jamaica makes things a lot more clear. I don’t think he trust himself enough to go with private press and open democracy where his origin will be exposed. If he had the confidence and a true believe for the Eritrean independence and the country, he would have faced and nothing would have changed. No child really chooses from whom he wants to be born, and not his fault really.

    As to the Tigray / Eritrean unity, I would believe this if at least he would have carried for the Kebesa Eritreans and show that he cared and we can say his objective is to unite the two people etc…but he is doing the opposite so all the love for Tigray is not true.

    Berhe

    • Paulos

      Selam Berhe,

      I agree and so much for Saay’s veneration when he said, “….Isaias’ willingness to give up comfort for a disciplined hardship….” The guy hardly had a harsh life to the extent Tegadelties refused to talk of him using his given name as if he was a divine figure. Isaias the born-loner preyed on the soft and vulnerable side of people and not only took advantage of it but destroyed the host like a virion.

    • Fanti Ghana

      Hello Berhe Y & Paulos,

      “…so all the love for Tigray is not true.”

      Agreed. However, love of Tigrai is not implied nor necessary in this case. The problem is what he thinks other Eritreans think of him. So, imagine for example that he thinks all those around him don’t quite trust him because he does have a Tigrean/Ethiopian ancestry. This is hypothetical of course, but assuming that is how he sees everyday life, then, he is always self unconscious and he will try to compensate with extras not only by an open attack on Tigreans/Ethiopians, but also indirect attempts that he thinks will distance him from remote associations such as “ezom Akeleguzaindyom kemzi zigebru zelewu etc…” This is a subtle way of distancing himself from the imagined or real fear of association.

      Although I do agree with Saay and Mr. Amnuel Hidrat’s take on his unequivocal Eritreawinet, how serious the psychological effect of his imagined or real suspicion of being a suspect is what I am referring to here. Unless President Isaias is the first and only human being who has effectively freed himself from ethnic based feelings, what “he says” may not necessarily always relate with how he feels.

      • Paulos

        Selam Fantination,

        Isaias’ ancestry which is surfacing sporadically wouldn’t have been an issue if Eritrea was doing well under his watch. In search of answers, buried could be the reason why Eritrea is in such a mess. As the overly cited Andebirhan’s footnote suggests, Isaias often times had Freudian slip if you will where he is afflicted with the thorn on his back—a Tigrean bloodline.

        If it has a crooked psychology of its own, in a classic projection or displacement parlance, Isaias had to travel extra mile to demonstrate that he is as they say more Catholic than the pope by say throwing Akeleguzaians under whatever and standing against anything Tigrean including harping on the indices of modernity as in using forks as an etiquette to eat pasta. Not sure if it is a lame comparison but if it serves its purpose, they say Fisseha Desta had to show his disdain for the Weyanes more than the others when Mengistu refused to let up as he breathed on the former’s neck for he is a Tigrean.

      • saay7

        Fanti:

        I think you are over-thinking over psycho-analyzing this. And here’s why:

        1. Between 1981 and 1997, the Isaias-led EPLF and Meles-led TPLF had a16-year long on-and-off, but mostly on relationship. Whether that was strategic or tactical, Isaias was not bothered by the talk that this is a Tigrai-Tigrini project which was whispered by many of those who were displaced by the partnership.

        2. While Meles told an interviewer after the Badme War that the two were cousins, Isaias never acknowledged publicly the relationship.

        3. Now here is where you are making the jump that this is unique to Isaias and his roots. It is not: it is an EPLF thing and I will let Mahmuday corroborate my view after I give the following exhibits:

        (a) In one of the reporters of Ambassador McMullen that was leaked by wikileaks, there is a report that Isaias Afwerki’s Eritrean homeland, Xelot, has not benefited from having a president as its son. The ambassador was making the point that IA, unlike other dictators, does not benefit his family and relatives;

        (b) One of the reasons that some of the G-15 were accused of “regionalism”–particularly Mahmud Sheriffo and Haile DeruE–is because they went to their ancestral lands in Akele Guzay and convened meetings.

        (c) General Betweded was arrested in 1992, released in 1997. While in prison, his father had died. He went to his father’s hometown, Adi Mengoti, and addressed the people, in a well received speech (audio recording of speech all over youtube.) He was promptly arrested back and he is still in jail.

        Ergo, the BIG TABOO in EPLF culture is to ever acknowledge, or visit, your village, your hometown. By doing so, you are showing favoritism on one area over Generic Eritrea. The real reason, of course, is that that is the quickest way to establish a power base that challenges Isaias Afwerki. Thus, it is in the “culture” of EPLF, to assign individual to areas far from their hometown, home state, far from their ministry, far from their batallion, far from their division….disburse before you can establish a power base. Since this is transparent, and would be easily noticed, Isaias is disciplined enough to at least PUBLICLY apply the same rule to himself (home in Massawa, office in Adi Halo.) And this is why Xelot will never have electricity or paved roads: it has to carry the Weird Man’s Burden.

        Mahmuday?

        saay

        • Fanti Ghana

          Selamat Saay,

          For once, I agree 100%!

          We had exactly the same policy and more. It was illegal to joke, tell a story, or act in any way, shape, or form in such a way that indicates where in Tigray one is from. This policy had only one problem: ME!

          You already know I am hagereseb, so there is no reason not to tell you this. When I am startled or a sudden unexpected loud noise is made near me, my instinctive reaction was, in a small scale it still is, to shout back “Ye-Rayaw Gilgel” and raise my tight feasted hand as if to stab the “thing” that startled me.

          I went through unbelievable amount of criticism/self-criticism until after the third year anniversary when it became irrelevant because by then every TPLF member in the Sudan knew who I was and where I was from.

          That said, I know that he may not feel, or at least he may want the “awrajawinet” gone and forgotten, we could ask why and analyze farther here too, but lets take it at face value and assume that he wanted it erased for its inherent “progressiveness.” We still remember that was the era of “workers of the world: unite,” so there is no problem there.

          The problem and why I agree with you regarding his progressive acts is however, what does he do, better yet, how does he feel when that solemn and progressive law is violated?

          You see, he doesn’t necessarily have to believe in ethnicity for the psychological effect I proposed to have taken an effect. In fact, it strengthens it farther. Double whammy, if you will. One: he gets frustrated by the dearly wanted but missing “ethnic blindness” he strives for, and two: he is made to cringe every time “Agame” is mentioned. The question that begs an answer is whether he gets more frustrated by the backwardness of his compatriots or by the imagined or real gossip about his ethnicity.

          I am still convinced that his “identity” is and was playing a role in his personality.

        • Fanti Ghana

          Hello Saay,

          I had a reply but disqus is holding it. Eat your popcorn until then!

    • Selamat Berhe – Elite32,

      Would the good Gentleman traveling on b-way (Broad Way) please explain to yours truly if prostitutes do in fact have prostates? I believe an actuarial index trending health care cost to sky rocket by Avg. Age50- negative impact on economy.

      You said above:
      c****orrupted all along. I remember somewhere posted in AT that he was chasing prostates in Italy when he come for a visit, and

  • Selamat Awatistas,

    1) In Search of The Appeal Supporters of all cases that SHOULD be solved by LAW. These Eritreans are cognizant of the agreement to a demilitarized zone in order to to do exactly that.
    The issue of sovereignty and jurisdiction by clearly demarcated
    borders per agreements is was clearly addressed during the time of the demilitarized area with UN observers. The Appeal length of time any party is submit to the guarantors who happened to sublet their Region of Jurisdiction.
    It’s best to consider stability in The South Sudan.
    The BeniShangul Gumuz Black, Yellow Green and Red. Marcus Harvey’s African Flag. I found it to be rather profound. As beautiful as the colors of the diverse tongs, Berta, Amhara Gumuz, Shinasa, Agaw awi.

    Power your graphics.

    AmEritrean GitSAtSE Azilo40 Children’s Books Press

  • Abraham H.

    Selam Author, I see that you’ve forgotten one very important aspect that has resulted in Isayas tightening his power grip of Eritrea, and that is the economy. As it is clear to anybody the PFDJ regime has since its morphing into its current structure in 1994 it embarked on a path towards total control of the Eritrean economy. By making use of its sole control of the government it started to form many companies owned by its economic arm. These economic enterprises had a preferential treatment from the government regarding taxes, customs, access of hard currency, trading licences, transport and other infrastructues, access to free labour through the national service, etc. On top of this, the regime had deliberately made it difficult for private investment to take hold through direct interference and through regulations that discouraged such initiatives. At the end of the day it is clear that the entity that controls the economy of a given nation ends up also controlling all other aspects of the nation, mainly the political power.

    • T Eyassu

      Dear Abraham,

      I agree with your observations.

    • Selamat AbrahamH,

      Just to add another negative consequence of such scenario: Flight by the authentic entrepreneurs and responsible innovators that can significantly contribute to a much larger economic and human development growth.

      Perhaps, you and or Nitric can share to my knowledge of these stringent policies. I am rather thinking of substituting Nitric KndishiH E32 to play Center Position. Amde will sit Bench to rest as I am confident he will sink the Buzzer Beater should we need it. It is late in the second half.

      MaHmooday “Best” SaliH, our power forward and Saay7, the Small Forward should work make an excellent line up at this critical juncture of the simulation “hypothetical-hypothesis.” Nitric, response much better to the Zone of The Spartans ad their Top rated execution of setting Picks. Nitric’s long arms and broad wingspan and “THE DOMESTIC POLICY” from our playbook WILL prove to be the Key.
      Domestic Policy Dish And Go is KndishiH Nitric’s STRONGRST Game, particularly when he is paired with Saay7 and M”Best”S on The FORWARD positions. Yo Nitric get ready to dub.
      At the Two minute mark we will use a smaller line up with, iSEM and That diving for Hippo Tekeze Fanti and Abi.

      AmEritrean GitSAtSE Agniyeya Azilo40 Children Books Press.

      Hey Bill Murray go sit next to Paul Fukuyama. Just because you practiced with the team, it does’nt mean you can suit up and play in the game. No! There are eligibility rules at This The Electoral Collegiate Level .
      Don’t pull that “lost in translation” line again.

      Domestic Policy Data: Where are the Logistic Elite Duo of SaHil and Definitely. Assists for Nitric’s Awesome Dunks! Now!

      AmEritrean GitSAtSE Agniyeya Children Books Press.

    • Selamat AbrahamH,

      Do you know a durable Ship Maker for the high seas? I am feeling as if it is not only PFDJ that right rules/laws in pencil. Ah, it is just growing pains. And the vast majority of have been agonizing every day that we seem to want more of it as addicts.

      My previous response my battleship sort to speak was sunk by the “SPAM” rule and is towed to the ship yard of repairs.

      Question: Do you have literature or data on specific cases of this stringent economic policy?

      The Atlantic Council perhaps? Before the trail gets called, I wonder if someone here can make it easier for us by doing a reportage. I suppose I can visit Representative Barbra Lee’s Office for a data analysis project after thoroughly combing through Saay7-FAB5E9’s thus far data driven efforts.
      Thanks in advance for your efforts to my inquiry.

      AmEritrean GitSAtSE Azilo40 Children Books Press

  • Simon Kaleab

    Selam all,

    Questions for the author:

    1) Is the way of governance by the EPLF [currently PFDJ] radically different now compared to the days of pre-liberation/independence?

    2) Is the way of governance by the EPLF in any way different from other similar third world countries that were liberated through popular guerrilla movements?

    3) Is the refusal of Ethiopia to implement the EEBC decision, on the border dispute, a factor in the behaviour of the Eritrean government?

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Hi Simon,

      Let me try to give you short answers to your question:

      1) No. There is no difference between EPLF and PFDJ, except (a) its transformation to official party (b) the extension of the apparatus of oppression from members of the organization to our people at large.

      2) The often claimed “unique” from African liberation organizations and African countries, found ourself no difference from them. So in short no difference than other African countries in governing our people with iron fist.

      3) No. If it isn’t the border excuse, there is always other excuses for dictators to sit in power life long. We heard many excuses during the armed struggle. Dictators live on wars and news of wars. They can not live on peace and tranquility.

      NB: I am not condoning Ethiopia of not abiding with the ruling. My point is, if not the border there is always excuses for the despot.

      Regards

      • Simon Kaleab

        Selam Amanuel H.,

        You gave an honest answer to Questions 1) and 2). Can we then conclude that the people of Eritrea knew the consequences of their bargain with the EPLF? If so, why is there a change of mind?

        I disagree with your reply to Question 3). No matter how flawed the nature of the government, it cannot be expected to sit idly while its sovereign territory is unlawfully occupied, in particular after the EEBC decision.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Hi Simon,

          Do you believe Issayas is a brute dictator? If you do, you shouldn’t disagree with my answer. If you didn’t, I wouldn’t be surprised, you to expect different answer. Whether Ethiopia stays or leaves the Eritrean people should not be held hostage for 17 years. If the regime has the courage, either they should eject Ethiopia by force or engage diplomatically to solve the problem. Holding hostage to the Eritrean people does not solve the problem.

          Regards
          Amanuel Hidrat

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Amanuel H.,

            Sure, Isaias is not a Scandinavian Socialist nor is he the Dalai Lama.

            Joe Stalin was a hard man, he made many blunders but through his astute leadership he broke the backbone of the N@zi army. Had H–i-t-l-er won, it would have been a calamity. Circumstances in Eritrea will turn anyone into a hard person.

            Through living both in Eritrea and Ethiopia, I have concluded that the people in these countries are ungovernable; they require some form of restraint. Whatever you do, these people are unhappy. In the early 1990s, at one time, I had a conversation with an Asmara University librarian. Out of the blue, the man tells me that Romedan could lead the country in a better way. I laugh but did not reply.

            On another occasion, I heard a group of staff at the University say that they are more competent to lead the institution than the incumbent, Andeberhan. At another time, rumours were swirling around to the effect that the then finance minister, Haile Drue, was corrupt and inept. In coffee shops, bars, offices, and private homes, the complaints go on and on without respite, mostly motivated by religious, ethnic or regional dislike.

            I agree with you that the indefinite National Service and the stranglehold of the government on the economy is stifling the country. The country’s precious resource and future, the youth, is being squandered. But, do you think that, given the fragile nature of the country, a revolutionary overthrow of the government will be profitable? I think, we will end up swapping one dictatorship for another.

          • Amde

            Selam Simon K,

            “Through living both in Eritrea and Ethiopia, I have concluded that the people in these countries are ungovernable; they require some form of restraint. Whatever you do, these people are unhappy. ”

            I don’t know how you can see the dysfunctions in Somalia, South Sudan and other spots in the area and conclude what you said. If anything, one can argue that Habesha states are strong institutions. It may further be argued that it must be due to some level of consent by the “governed/oppressed” to the notion of deference to authority. If anything, abeshans are TOO governable.

            Is the Eritrean situation completely due to the harsh hand of EPLFDJ, or isn’t there an aversion to the sacrifices necessary due to an informal benefit/cost analysis by Eritreans that has settled into loss aversion? Be honest now.

            The “unhappiness” to me is a function of how much people do not feel a part of the decision making process. Mengistu reportedly complained “የ ኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ, ወርቅ ቢያነጥፉለት ፋንድያ ነው ይላል።”

            Amde

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Amde,

            It applies to the whole of Africa. I mentioned Eritrea and Ethiopia as I had lived in these countries and I care about them.

          • Amde

            Selam Simon,

            I am not trying to redeem Mengistu. Maybe it came across that way – but what I meant to say was that the leaders impose whatever they think is great, and then they complain when the people are less than enamoured. This is not a mark of the people being ungovernable (which is the implication I got from your post), it is a mark of the autocratic nature of the ruler.

            “You are fond of attempting to transplant Western political thought on ethnic and tribal societies.” Perhaps I am. But let us set that aside for a moment. Even if we do not embrace notions of western democracy, I think there should be room at least for a mechanism of elite consensus. I am sure there is a lot of room between Maoist/Stalinist absolutism and Scandinavian social democracy.

            It is one thing to accept Isayyas is a despot. It is quite another thing altogether to accuse the people of somehow deserving of the despotism. Which, as much as I respect your input, sounds suspiciously like what you are precisely doing.

            Amde

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Simon,

            Unfortunately, you could not answer my simple question. You went around the bush. But I can separate two nuggets from your comment (a) the Eritrean people are unruly and hard to manage them (b) they need a hard man like Joe Stalin. That is exactly what Issayas had told to his recruits in 1972.

            Eritrea is not fragile, and the Eritrean people is not unmanageable, if you give them the rule of law. Second, fearing from the unknown and fearing from a possibilities of another dictator, citizens could not and should not stop from fighting the current dictator. You fight not to remove him only, but also to dismantle his institutions – the apparatus of oppression. The goal should be, while we are fighting to remove him, we should make our people conscious, ready to determine their destiny collectively, and close any possibilities that hijack their goals.

            regards

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Amanuel H.,

            I have seen so many guerrilla revolutions, they all end up, more or less, in failure.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Simon,

            Why don’t clear your stand and answer our questions? If the history of “guerilla revolutions” is a failure, are you telling us that the Eritrean “guerilla revolution” is a failure also? It sounds exactly by implication.

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Amanuel H.,

            Eldorado, By
            Edgar Allan Poe

            Gaily bedight,

            A gallant knight,

            In sunshine and in shadow,

            Had journeyed long,

            Singing a song,

            In search of Eldorado.

            But he grew old—

            This knight so bold—

            And o’er his heart a shadow—

            Fell as he found

            No spot of ground

            That looked like Eldorado.

            And, as his strength

            Failed him at length,

            He met a pilgrim shadow—

            ‘Shadow,’ said he,

            ‘Where can it be—

            This land of Eldorado?’

            ‘Over the Mountains

            Of the Moon,

            Down the Valley of the Shadow,

            Ride, boldly ride,’

            The shade replied,—
            ‘If you seek for Eldorado!’

        • Abraham H.

          Selam Simon K, you said “No matter how flawed the nature of the government, it cannot be expected to sit idly while its sovereign territory is unlawfully occupied, in particular after the EEBC decision.” The quetion is what has the PFDJ regime done in actual practical matters that would secure it the return of the occupied territories other than waitng for the Weyane to collapse which didn’t happen in the last 15 yrs after the border decision and which may never happen in the foreseable future?

        • iSem

          Hi Simon:
          Well, yes any self respecting government that works for the people should not sit idly when its land is occupied, but PFDJ is sitting idly when Eri land is occupied, to wit, it accepted a bad deal, where Ethiopia secured the 25km buffer zone and in 2012 Ethiopia bombed inside Eri twice and admitted and announced one and the Eri government was so impotent to do anything. Still our land is occupied and the government did nothing. You can argue that they have the capability to reclaim the land by force but they do not want because the no peace no war bodes well for their power, but this is unlikely because IA was humiliated by the defeat in the hands of people he considers lowly, his students.
          So the Eri government is sitting idly while Ethiopia is occupying an disputed Eritrean land and its behavior towards its people is not caused by Ethiopia, what Ethiopia did was accelerated the expose, otherwise we would never know PFDJ/EPLF was capable of this. We would not have Wedi Temnow, Yemane T, Foro 12, Alena and others, who are shocking us by their testimonies

          The current PFDJ system of disappearing of an accountability of corruption of murdered is an extension of “art” they have perfected in the mountains of Sahel and although one does expect a full democracy or even flegling democracy during an armed struggle, but one would expect from a genuine liberation/freedom organization some semblance of caring of the people who they are claiming to liberate, the madness in EPLF was. I know some people justify that madness but, it was not needed to liberate Eritrea, TPLF and ELF were examples of responsible and measure abuses that people would understand and many blunders that every armed struggle entails
          Anyone who justifies the madness EPLF madness and now is telling us that what PFDJ is doing is not justified is a closet supporter, because as we defended the ghedli era crimes for the sake of “natsnate”, we can argue the same now and say for the sake of controlled development and our own brand of democracy, to avoid divisiveness that free press and multi part would bring in a “fragile society”
          If you read EPLF’s program in both congresses and the speeches of IA and others during armed struggle it was NOT to just replace the Amhara speaking despot with a Tigrinya speaking one, it was for the dignity and no matter what the romantics want to tell us, far as 1968 as the audio recording of Kramer testify , a female fighter named Saediya who apparently hailed from one of the villages the Ethiopia’s’ burned and looted, when asked why she was fighting, her reply was: “egl hsmenta wo huriyetna”: for our dignity and liberty and freedom. So the Eritrean people did not know the consequences of their loyalty would be this, for sure they did not expect a democracy served to them in silver platter, but they sure did not expect to be the victims of genocide by their own sons and daughters, did not expect 800 of their children to be testifying against their own brothers and sister for crimes against humanity, rape and slavery

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam iSem,

            Can you run a guerrilla movement on the basis of a Scandinavian Socialist model? Can you give a practical example that worked successfully?

            Me thinks Maoist discipline is necessary.

          • iSem

            Hi Simon:
            No, you cannot run guerrilla movement with Scandinavian S model, that is why I said discipline is paramount, am not sure Maoist discipline is needed on the people whyou are claiming to liberate, otherewise the question becomes liberate from what if you inflict on them harsher suffering than then enemey from whom you are claiming to liberate.
            You seem to support the idea that, it is ok to enslave and disppear your ppl to liberate the land. I gave you example of ELF, it was a liberation movement but they were not in a killing and disappearing spree

          • Selamat i-SEM,

            I beg to differ. Here is why? If we accept “in action..” then we deny that it exists. Otherwise, why all the contemplations?

            Symbolically, though permutatios and combinations formulas are easy to memorize and compute, sometimes I distract with thoughts of Factorial and Power Series. Try n Choose r [Electoral and Popular variables. ^ !
            (It boils down to limits formula.)

            AmEritrean GitSAtSE Agniyeya Azilo40 Children Book Press

        • Ismail AA

          Hi Simon K,
          But you forgot to tell us what the government did to regain occupied territory. I hope you won’t tell us that it refused to implement its own “constitution” and made sure to sustain the senseless militarization of the population that has been keeping the people and their economic wellbeing hostage, beside helping to escalate the depletion of the country of its youth.
          Regards

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Ismail AA,

            The government has not taken any direct military action to regain occupied territory. But it has repeatedly appealed to the US, UN and the EU the decision of the EEBC be implemented. But this has fallen on deaf ears. It had also carried out some proxy activities, which is natural, to put some pressure on the Ethiopian government.

            Had there been no war and the constitution been implemented and an election carried out, I think Isaias would have been elected easily.

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Simon,
            Those “proxy activities” you have mentioned are interesting. If you accept that also includes deployment of Al Shabab of Somalia among other things, then the UN sactions that devastated the already war-ravaged economy could be counted on your list as legitimate burden that had to be carried by the people as outcome of the government’s way of doing something to regain back occupied territory.
            I think that supporting the government for not implementing a constitution after serious set back in war is convulated reasoning. On the contrary a self-respecting government and leadership would do the opposite in order to ascertain its legitimacy and public endorsement.
            Regards

          • MS

            Selam Ustaz IsmailAA
            This is the best explanation that is eluding our approach to reading or explaining the cause-effect motion of events in the past quarter of a century. The EPLF was definitely a formidable liberation front. It did have an aspirational program to erect “a government of the people, by the people for the people” (we don’t know what IA had deep in his closet, but, at least, that is what the majority of EPLF members understood the course of history would take. The momentum to that end was so enormous that, according to the author of the 1997 Constitution, the process of disarming the EPLF from its political monopoly was on target and was moving along its predicted course, despite IA intrusions. The rest is something we all know. Your feed makes two important points:
            1. Once the nation was liberated EPLF leadership did not rise to the challenge of the moment. It should have called upon the Eritrean people with all its political affiliation, congratulate them, and invite them for a broad national discussion. The leadership failed this important challenge because it was created in the image of its leader.
            2. The broad mass, the veterans and the people who had rallied around EPLF, lacked the institutional support they needed. Every call for a democratic transition was isolated and crashed. Members of EPLF lost their liberties before they could even identify them. By the time they looked for those liberties, it was too late. We should never feel defensive about this. We the EPLF lots own it and we should accept it.
            Therefore, I agree, that all of us, and particularly members of the leadership (G15+), should have identified early on that the EPLF had lacked institutional tradition that would enable its members to restrain the whims of their leader. The liberation war demanded for a transactional leadership, and we had gotten one in the person of IA. Nation building demands a combination of both transactional and transformational leadership (sorry, Emma for stealing your theme). For that to happen 1 &2 did not happen. While it is important that we should learn from what had transpired in the past, I call on writers and discussants to focus on what should be done now and in the future. Your point that we should have built a safe pathway for the flood before it had swept us away is in deed valid.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Mahmuday,

            This is the best comment ever since you started to engage in this forum regarding EPLP’s failure to open a broad national discussion. To admit that in itself requires courage. It is this kind of courage we miss from EPLF members so far. Defending the organization without any critics to its failure, is the things that so far put us in collision and clogged the path of understanding to save our people. EPLF and ELF are our history and we must admit their contribution and their failures as it should be.

            Mahmuday, good move on your side and hope to hear many of your courage from the rest.✌️

            Regards
            Amanuel Hidrat

          • Paulos

            Selam Muhamuday,

            Absolutely brilliant! Thank you.

          • Thomas

            HI MS,

            Congratulations!! Mahmuday divided among himself can know survive (the George character in the Seinfeld show:)), nothing is absolute/perfect. People even dare to change their religion, right? As EPLF, you fought to liberate Eritrea and you had that mission achieved in 1991. After 1991, the mission became to handover Eritrea to all of her owners, the Eritrean people. Now, that mission and dream is ruined and murdered by the few mafias now destroying our nation. This fact is undeniably. The Eritrean people are the engine in running the country. People united can advance the nation. Disunity is destruction. People are the innovators.

          • saay7

            Hala MaHmuday:

            Awate’s shock-jock, Ali Salim , occasionally says shockingly true statements and, when he is modest, he asks his readers to correct him. This is what he wrote in his last piece:

            Correct me if I am wrong, but if the “gedli” people had it their way, under ideal conditions, you would have ended up with a communist state, chairman for life, no constitution and Red Terror everywhere. Literally speaking, that’s what people died for if you want me to be blunt. But we take the false claim so seriously that “the illegitimate President” is a living-breathing reality. We believe these delusions, create our own demons and worship them.

            I think what he is saying is for most of our Ghedli (up until 1987, EPLFs Second Congress), the Fronts were driven by the ideology of “dictatorship of the proletariat” and all the sacrifice were not just to liberate Eritrea from Ethiopian occupation but to install a communist dictatorship.

            Is he wrong?

            saay

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Saay,

            Why did you think then they have pushed for 2 term limit in the constitution. I think I agree with MS in what happened. People kept asking him question about future democracy government and he said it’s in our plan etc..

            For example:

            In 1990 Segem magazine a question was asked:

            ህግ ከምዚ መዳ ኤርትራ ቢሒትዎ ዘሎ፡ ድሕሪ ነጻነት ከ ንመንግስቲ ኤርትራ ክብሕቶ ድዩ፡፡

            He went on and on how EPLF will bring democracy etc….

            In 1994 in Washington DC:
            When he come to collect money and asking for fund raising, one person asked him:

            “Are you doing this question / answer with the public until you collect the money or are you going to do after? He responded:

            I will hand over the power if I didn’t this every year.

            In 2001 before the arrest of the G15 – He had 4 hours Marathon interview with all the private press…just a couple of months before he shut them down…and was asked

            “Are you ok with the 2 term limit for the president”, which he replied…

            If it was upto me, I actually think it should be only ONE term etc…

            I am paraphrasing her but he was dancing to the tune…all the time and there is no reason to suspect other wise, at least for most of US.

            Berhe

          • Tzigereda

            Selam Saay,
            But Ghedli knew that the eritrean society is made up mainly by peasants, so Ghedli aspired to build socialism via ” zey riesemalawi agebab miEbali”, communism was the ultimate goal:) just like all marxist leninist bixot in the third world.

          • saay7

            Tzigereda:

            And that was Ali Salmi’s point: they were fighting to bring about “marxisist-Lenninst” like all their “bixot in the third world” and in real life that meant one party state with dictatorship. But it was ok because it was “proletariat dictatorship”:)

            Berhe, every example u gave is from after EPLFs 2nd congress of 1987.

            As for Isaias Afwerki “accept” two-term limit, the chief drafter of the constitution, who knew EPLF and IA really well, was so pleasantly surprised that he went home and wrote a poem. (Refer to awates interview with Dr Bereket)

            saay

            * we now know the “acceptance” was a ruse.

          • Selamat Berhe Y,

            For me, the bway abstractions work amuse me sometimes. When you ask “who knew ….” for example.

            It’s like when I come to realize and am amused that I am beginning to know. Even if it is in retrospect.

            AmEritrean GitSAtSE Agniyeya Azilo40 Children Books Press

          • Saleh Johar

            Hi Tzigereda,

            I think there was no ideology that could have served the struggle except socialism. The alternative was feudalism and embracing the monarchy.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Ahlen Saay,

            If they give up the communist ideology in 1987, what ideology do they have thereafter?

            Regards

          • saay7

            Emma:

            1970-1987 : hard-core communism
            1987-1994: socialism
            1994-1998: neo-liberalism
            1998-2001: klashnism
            2001-present: Isaiasism*

            saay

            * “I understood it while it was flying” as the Arabs say. You were trying to trap me to our long running “one man” vs “system” argument. It’s a one man system called Isaiaism:)

          • iSem

            Hi Sal
            This video will arbitrate between you guys
            https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gt1bBuiQ4vM

          • Nitricc

            Hey Isimple, why are allowed to post a link in week days? you see, how your friends in awate let you break the rules. this is what exactly drives me crazy. Okay Mr. Moda, what up? I think time for me.

          • Abraham H.

            Selam Saay,
            1970-1987- communism
            1987-1994- Isaiasism camouflaged as socialism
            1994-1998- Isaiasism camouflaged as neo-liberalism
            1998-2001- Uproar against Isaiasism
            2001-present- Pure uncamouflaged Isaiasism

          • saay7

            Abraham:

            Very creative and of course true:) in the late 60s or early 70s, the Czechs invented the very short-lived “socialism with a human face.” What u are saying is Isaias invented Isaiasism with a socialist and communist face. Sounds compelling to me, but good luck persuading Hawna Emma. If it is not in one of the pages of his approved books, preferably authored by Some Swedish Guy, we are not allowed to label it. The right of labeling belongs to Mzungus 😂

            saay

          • Abraham H.

            Selam Saay, it appears to me that there was a discord as to the ambitions between Isayas and his core group of today, and most of the members of the executive body of the EPLF/PFDJ that he disappeared in 2001. There were lots of contradictions between the many interviews and seminars he was giving in the 90’s and the process of drafting the 1997 Constitution. In one such example, Isayas says they would never allow political parties that have to do with the struggle era organizations ( of course excluding his PFDJ) while the Constitution allowed Eritreans the right to organize for political purposes. And the only explanation he gave as to why he has sidelined the Constitution from 1997, was because ‘we’ve learned from the experiences of the past decade and half’. To me what Isayas was doing all the time before exposing his authoritarian face was ‘ዝብኢስ ክሳብ ዝደልዎ ይሕንክስ.

          • saay7

            Abraham:

            This is why Nitrric makes me shake my head whenever he compliments Isaias for not running a “fake election.” What IA did was run a coup in 2001, and with all coups, the first thing he did is tighten his control over the media from total to absolute including by arresting the then MoI, Beraki.

            You control the media, you control the organization. This is why the G-15 never got to be G-75. The most they got to was G-19.

            What is sad about Eritrea is that it’s the worst of all worlds: there are countries who got some benefit from their period of authoritarianism–South Korea, Singapore, even China. The “credit” Team IA gives itself is for ensuring the continuity of Eritrea. Because without us, Eritrea wouldn’t exist. How do we know that? We just know, take our word for it.

            In one of the thousands of tragic Eritrean stories, the latest is an interview of a Unit commander who crossed the border. He talks about the answer he got when he complained that children of combatants are going hungry. He was told: “what is bigger, the State or the child?”

            saay

          • Nitricc

            Hey SAAY the great! if what you have said above was from anyone else, i wouldn’t bother to respond but you? NO! One of your greatest asset and amazing virtue is for being fair. You have every emotional rollecestor to go all out against the PFDJ and every one who is associate with them but you didn’t. You chose the country to come first and your personal issue the latter. Sir, I ask you, what is power without the economic advantage over the average citizens? Unless you can prove o us that PIA benefited economicaly at the expense of the poor Eritrean people, then for not running fake election should not trigger for SAAY to shake his head. in my view, if you have the power and you benefited nothing, yourself and your families, then, there is a higher vision and a greater intent, simple and the end of the story. Ask your friend Berhe Y, he will tell you, when I was in Ethiopia, i witnessed how power means economic advantage. i know i was born there, in Ethiopia till the evil Berhe Y cosines expel me and my parents. lol. That dude is dumb, now, SAAY what is power in Africa without benefitting economically? I am asking you, do you know any one in Africa, a leader who is in power and never use the power for economic advantage? if so, who? the truth is, they run fake election and the milked every economic advantage under the fake and rigged election. Why can’t PIA do the same thing? Then answer is simple, there is a higher vision and a deeper commitiment and the idea of to do the right thing. I do believe that other ways i am proved behind the reasonable of doubt.

          • saay7

            Hey Nitrric:

            Gemal Abdunasser. He was the strongman of Egypt. He died penniless and after he died his wife and children lived in the slumbs of Cairo.

            You see, Nitrric, some people love power for powers sake. They can’t envision an organization or a country where they are not running it. This is similar to some entrepreneurs: they would rather be semi-broke and work for themselves than be millionaires working for someone.

            A lot of people including u give Isaias credit for his “spartan” lifestyle: common man clothes, common man car etc. But that has to do with personal taste: haven’t u meet millionaires with terrible taste? On what matters to him, power, he is an absolutist and ruthless and he will go to any distance to keep it. Rather than focusing on that, u focus: towards end? It doesn’t appear to enrich himself and therefore his goals must be noble.

            One of the biggest lies the IA Gov perpetrated is that it gets no benefit and doesn’t enrich itself. Really? Ok: does the average Eritrean go to the West for medical treatment? Does the average Eritrean have family members fly out of the country legally to resettle in the West? In the National Service, are IAs kids digging trenches or are they in cushy National Service like Air Force and MoI? Do you have any idea, in a country with zero transparency, what the assets and net worth of IA is?

            I am sorry Nitrric but your arguments are toothless and cultish.

            Eritrea is a country where children go hungry, its capital city has no electricity, its citizens have no rights, its Afar population can’t fish because Asab is restricted to them (now owned and operated by Emiratis), its soldiers get one pair of uniform and two pair of shoes per year, its farmers can’t benefit from the sweat of their brow, its youth are housed by the tens of thousands in Tigray refugee camps, its children are raised by their moms with dads absent for years, and the people live in dread of the government and curse the gullibility of their Diaspora children.

            Video of a commander testifying to all this will be posted this weekend.

            saay

          • MS

            Selam SAAY
            1. No one can prove IA is empty-pocketed. Even if we offer him the benefit of the doubt, that IA is in fact empty-pocketed, for some leaders, money (personal enrichment) stops to be the motivating factor. For them staying in control is more rewarding than material rich.
            2. Some leaders are driven by crazy ego that they won’t correct course even when it is all clear they are heading for the cliff. The notion that their country “subjects” will correct them scares them to death more than prospect of death itself. This combined with a dogged persistence to realize a developmental national plan based on their warped vision (almost an ideological dogma) drive these types of leaders to absolute brutes . IA speaks of social justice. Social justice is an old concept, but it made its way in the 1987 EPLF political program (give SJ a place within your EPLF ideology continuum). And since then, we are deafened by how the great leader is building Eritrea on equal footing. Once one of PFDJ cadre argued with me pointing out at how the government is busy building schools and clinics in “rehuQ gheTerat” Well, I shot back saying “Is that a charity? Aren’t they citizens? Did not they bleed for thirty years serving as backbones of the revolution? Did they ask that Asmara get darkened so that they could have electricity?” These are citizens who nurtured the revolution since its inception; these are citizens who were organized in battalions for supplying munitions and rations to the combatants in the trenches and who retrieved the wounded to the bases, around the clock for tens of years (East/West and North/South). I know a bit about resource allocation. And no one can tell us IA is distributing/redistributing the meager resources the nation accumulates. And that is the problem. When we don’t even know our resources and their sources, how can we speak of how corruption-free the man who OWNS them is. All resources and the government itself were supposed to belong to the people and controlled by the people. People oversee the efficiency of their government through their elected politicians, approve or disapprove of a leader’s effectiveness through their votes. That never happened under the leadership of IA. When everybody knows he controls the nation’s resources including the central bank, when we all know that he controls the fate of every Eritrean, he can’t dupe us by his sandals and outdoor clothing. Additionally, IA has squandered the sacrifices of a people who had given everything their country called for and plus; his government’s policies resulted in the marring of the name of a popular front; he has diminished the zeal of generations. A country and people who know only one leader can’t say he is the best. At least we have to start from comparative degree (He is better than ____) before we go superlative. The thing is we have no one to compare him to. Anyway, most veterans and the people who followed his leadership, a generation who admired and adored him during the armed struggle, have for sometime been convinced that this man has blundered a popular revolution that had completed its first phase in a spectacular fashion. Todays tragedies remind us of yesterdays high hopes. That’s what pushes us forward- the dreams of many heroes and heroines.

          • Selamat Saay7,

            By way of the ‘ally ‘hoop, and give and go :
            Empowering the people, as in Organized Structure. Fab5-E7

            tSAtSE

          • Berhe Y

            Hey Saay,

            Which ERITREAN reside in Eritrea and manages to hide money (695 million dollars ) in the Swiss bank account?

            No other than IA, or his alias name.

            He has billions stashed away, all the Nevsun dividend gets paid to a swiss bank account. The ERITREAN banks or the ministry of finance have no idea.

            Nitric,

            What kind of immigrant child goes to the army voluntarily? Except a highschool drop out like you.

            Berhe

          • Thomas

            Hi Berhe,

            Ach!! it hurts. I wonder if he is human or not. If human, how come he never learns or does he even have a single brain nerve? It is so sad we are left to discuss issues with his kinds here. It is so strange. I am sure this nitricc guy is a lonely creature. I hope he gets some kind of special help, but I know it will be very difficult though.

          • iSem

            Hi BY and Thomas:
            I have a lot of history with Nitricc and many ppl also do and BY definitely does way before I came to the forum, when BY used to forward me discussions in the forum. Nitricc gets high when decent ppl like Saay, Emma and Hayat etc debate him because such blessings never ever happened in his life, the attention intxicates him instead of humbling him and only the much missed great Serray gave it to him until he wailed. Saay and MS took him under their wings, they saw some potential, they thought he had independent thinking. MS him endearingly called him “berber” as he reminded him the exuberant young fighters during his time in the armed struggle, SGJ admitted he has a soft spot for Nitricc, Hayt tried to help him by painstakingly, patiently , sagaciously walked him through basic tasks of decency, when she saw his struggled with these most basics.But he gets worse everyday the sun shines, he regresses, a few times, he showed some improvement to only regress back .
            This is in no away a criticism to those who took him under their wings to mentor him and tolerate him, we should all do that, it speaks eloquently to their good character
            He is a robot both mentally and emotionally: he mocked Tes when Tes shared his families suffering under PFDJ, he lectured SGJ when he shared with the world about the death of his beloved brother: “that is life, I make everything in my apartment is decent before I go out, because I do not know what is going to happen’ he lectures SGJ as if death and life are newly discovered theories.
            Even the most patient and tolerant of us cannot claim that we have not made cruel ranted angrily but the case of Nitricc is not that, it is a text book evil conflated with stupidity.

            And now look at what he said to Sal: “I am asking you, do you know any one in Africa, a leader who is in power and never use the power for economic advantage? if so, who? the truth is, they run fake election and the milked every economic advantage under the fake and rigged election. Why can’t PIA do the same thing? Then answer is simple, there is a higher vision and a deeper commitiment and the idea of to do the right thing. I do believe that other ways i am proved behind the reasonable of doubt.”
            Sal bless his life responded to that. True to the nature of Eritreans, Eritreans of that gilded generation, and the generation before it who went beyond the call of duty to incubate and protect the then budding dictator IA instead of seeing him the way he was, when he exhibit the traits of a bully and a brute and psychopath.
            The comment I quoted of Nitricc and his other comments exhibit the traits of those US soldier who urinated on the dead Afgan soldiers, of those who humiliated the prisoners in Abu Graib. Thanks to the free press, society finds these people and deals with them. Now imagine in Eritrea, where there is no free press and info blackout is the norm, Nitricc will blossom to Joseph Fritzl, a European man who confined his own daughter for decades.
            Nitricc, your writing are telling that your apartment is not that decent, closer look will reveal the skeletons in it like the offices of IA will show. That is who you are, your words and comments give you away

          • saay7

            Hi Berhe:

            Do we know if the Swiss account-holder lives in Eritrea or that he is of Eritrean nationality?

            I think whether IA is a bullionaire who drives a Bentley or a poor man who wears plastic sandals is far less important than the fact that he has the absolute power to own the entire resource of Eritrea and dispose of it however he wishes.

            What people like Nitrric do is then say fine even if he has all the power u claim he has, if he is not using it for personal enrichment and family nepotism but for the good of the country, isn’t that just an efficient and clean use of power to develop the country?

            As I said, (1) consolidation of and monopolizing power (including the entire security infrastructure) to reward friends and punish enemies is the highest form of corruption; (2) to use State resources at whim ( disproportionally large number of spouses, children of Eritreas political and military elite get exit visas and choice assignments) is a form of corruption.

            The two adjectives Nitrric uses are toothless and conformist. His understanding of power and how it’s abused is the most toothless and conformist I have heard. In his defense that’s also the view of the diplomatic mission in Asmara. Unsurprising because both are under a short leash–physical confinement in the case of the diplomats, psychological in the case of the self-described “patriots” like Nitrric.

            And Berhe, in the US, high school graduation is a requirement of joining the armed forces 🙂

            saay

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Ahlen Saay & Berhe

            You can’t convince to conformist individuals. They are conformists with whom ever come to power [ Ditto: dawit’s comment long time ago, zinegesse negusna]. It is a character that define them. So it is a waste to even engage them. Think about utilizing your precious time.

            Regards
            Amanuel Hidrat

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Saay,

            I agree like you said he owns the whole country..Warren Buffet is the second richest guy in the world and he still lives in a house he bought in Nebraska for 25,000. dollars.and he walks to work.

            All this Isayas walking in sendel made in Medeber, is just a ploy to just fool the people…just like Mao use to do with the peasants.

            You can look it up, and you can make more sense of the numbers. Swiss leaks.

            As per the website:

            Actually this accounts date back to 2006. Eritrea GDP as per world bank in 2007 was 253M.

            The total linked to Eritrea is 699.6 M and out of the total 1 account has 695.2.

            32 clients are associated with Eritrea. 28% have a Eritrean passport or nationality.

            Nitricc,

            May be he is growing “side ways” like he said after his deployment in Iraq and all depressed.

            Sure he is collage graduate and knows 10 languages by now..:)

            Berhe

          • Paulos

            Selam Saay,

            Isaias Afwerki is the greatest con-artist who ever lived. He is Houdini of the highest order. Not because he stashed away billions of dollars under his pillows or in a fancy bank somewhere in Europe or in an exotic island but he conned Eritreans for 50 years as if he is one of them when he is in fact a full-blooded Tigrean. He made Eritreans kill each other from with in when he is left unscathed to the extent as one reporter put it, “….his hands could be mistaken for a piano player not so much for a Tegadalay.” That I say is extraordinary!

          • saay7

            Hi Paulos:

            Of all the con artistry of IA, that of his heritage is the least relevant: he is born and raised in Eritrea, his cause was Eritrean and he is, for good and bad, quintessentially Eritrean.

            The problem is with all his supporters who, in their effort to defame Weyane, defame the people of Tigray. That is wromg and politically harmful to Eritrea on every level: it feeds enmity andit also upsets a dictator with absolute power. Even dictators have feelings and they get hurt when their ancestry is maligmed, even if they only verbalize it when they are drunk (per Andeberhans book.)

            saay

          • Paulos

            Oh Saay,

            That is precisely my point. People of your caliber for the last 50 years fed the very conning nature of Isaias with sympathy, empathy, rationalization and intellectualization where his blood line is a none-issue. But the thing is, Isaias saw a weakness in it not a mature way of thinking. That is his own Samson’s hair.

          • saay7

            Hi P:

            And with that, the last piece of “is Paulos Papillon” question is answered because a Papillon held me personally responsible for Isaias becoming a dictator 🙂

            P, everyone has good qualities and bad qualities. What Eritreans admired about Isaias were his good qualities (smart, strategic thinker, unintimidated by massive forces arrayed against him, persistent, and willing to give up comfort for disciplined hardship.) you know, what we now define as “quintessentially Eritrean.” What we didn’t know, what even many of close colleagues didn’t know, is how much power would corrupt him.

            saay

          • iSem

            Hi Sal: I have a question: You said: ” he is born and raised in Eritrea, his cause was Eritrean and he is, for good and bad, quintessentially Eritrean.” I many countries if you are born there, you automatically are considered a citizen, even if your mother came for a visit there, that is one of the reason the tourism babies boomed in the USA, pregnant women pay lots of money to get visa to just deliver the baby in the USA. But in some countries being born in the country does not entitle you to citizenship; your mother or father must be a citizen, if they are not then you do not get citizenship until they get naturalized or get citizenship through other means. In Eritrea we do no have laws of citizenship, expect that whimsical cut of year that you asked Dr. Bereket about and he had no answer. So, based on what is IA “…. quintessentially Eritrean.” if we do not have laws that guarantee that and especially if his father as it has been established is from Tigray.
            You know, people lived in the land called Eritrea today long before the nation Eritrea was created, people lived there for centuries, they traced their ancestors and it was not hard to do so because population was small, people who were blessed with long year and with half decent memory knew almost everyone in their the entire awraja, People owned farmland and “tisha” and knew the genealogy of both sides of their parents. When one asked the hand of their daughter, they verified his linage to make sure he was not “baria” and all the shebang. Then Italians created Eritrea and whole villages sprung in the vicinity of Asmara, who did not own farmland and their “tisha” was in dispute with neighboring villages.
            We cannot apply the laws of other countries to Eritrea and dole “quintessentially Eritreanism” to someone born in Eritrea, as I told Semere T, either you have to been there when the nation was carved or evolved or laws must allow the citizenship
            I know you like ‘arbaa” (40”), I mean the TV show in Asmara:-)
            So do not pull the 40-year residence in Eritrea that qualifies you to receive land and be a village citizen that only applies to highlands, we are talking about Eritrea
            So?

          • saay7

            ISem:

            One of the first proclamations that EPLF wrote (in 1992, before PFDJ was created) was defining citizenship. I can send u the link tomorrow or you can ask your friendly neighbor, google, and u will find it.

            It says if you are born in Eritrea, or one of your parents is Eritrean, or settled new eritrea in 1933. (For you EPLF-skeptics that is, I think, straight from colonial definition of citizenship just as civil penal code was straight from Haile Selasse era. The State loves continuity.). This EPLF policy is significantly more enlightened and advanced than all the “cultural” 40, 70, but no rights if you are a woman that you culturalist reactionaries love 😂

            Saay

          • Fanti Ghana

            Hello Saay & Paulos,

            I strongly believe his traces of Tigrawainess have been playing a negative role for both sides of Mereb. He is caught between his attempt to show Eritreans how “super Eritrean” he is in one hand and dealing with the obvious contempt some Eritreans have for Tegaru in the other.

            So, the more “Agamino” is sang the more barbaric he becomes. The harder he tries for acceptance, the higher his contempt when denied. He creates the very mechanism that he believes will prove his “Full Blooded Eritreawinet,” including fueling the “Agamino” mentality, but when successful in that regard, he have no choice but to use that as the proof he needs to prove how unaccepted he is. It is quiet a dilemma.

          • Paulos

            Selam Moderator,

            Here I am again complaining. My comment for Fantination is not there. My apologies if it is beyond your control.

          • MS

            Selam SAAY
            One of the tragedies that I saw in the early days of post independence was the reality that some of my comrades faced that they were fighting for the wrong country. I was shocked to know that a couple of my best buddies had to move to Tigray because they did not feel comfortable for they were finally made apprehensive of their Tigray heritage once they returned back to their families. Those men were born in Eritrea and joined the Eritrean struggle believing they were Eritreans. And they were Eritrean by all measurements. So, the counting of generations to link people you don’t approve of with Tigray is not healthy. Firstly: whoever does that is robbing Eritreans of their citizenship; secondly, it implies Tigray is the origin of all bad stuff, including bad people, which lead us to criticize it harshly. but this is Tegadalay Mahmouday short hateta, in memory d deeds of Haile and Berhane.

          • Saleh Johar

            Hi Mhmuday,
            I always sensed your caliber tat you chose to hide for many reasons that I suspect. I do it consciously when I see that my history and the integrity of our struggle is belittled. In situations like that, there is not position people like us can take but the defensive (sometimes aggressive offense) in defense of our legacy.

            I feel your comments of the last two days are coming from the character of Mahmuday that was kept beneath the surface just to confront the “zeragitos”. I am happy you felt it’s time to scrap the persona that was “forced” on you, just like it was forced on me occasionally.

            Indeed, what you alluded to is painful when the entire struggle was to preserve the dignity of Eritreans, in a free country. The betrayal of our martyrs, and the sacrifices our people paid is too painful. But we will prevail, regardless of the time. Struggles are not for the faint-hearted who drop out when the getting gets tough. Conscious Eritreans understand the struggle was not brought to its rightful position and that why they keep the spirit of struggle alive–until we reach the destination we were mean to arrive at: total Freedom and justice.

            Thank you again

          • Paulos

            Selam SGJ,

            True that words fail us to even describe let alone imagine the pain a family of five martyrs goes through when the post independence reality pales under the merciless arrow of time where the dead can not be brought back to life. I see no malicious intention on those who seem as you put it try to belittle the struggle for independence, they are just in agony-despair and in search of anyone to blame.

          • iSem

            Hi Paulos:
            You bring a good point families with five of their kids martyred in ghedli. EPLF did not have strategy for this, they were myopic, they interviewed in excruciating detail when you join including your vices (smoking or tobacco) so they can accommodate you whenever they could, but they gloss over the siblings who died or still fighting in their ranks, and that is why we have unfair outcome. But if you are a brother of one of the political leadership you can go to suda, if you want. ELF in the other hand had some sense and were allowing siblings and children of fighters to go to sudan.
            So the vision of IA that some are high on was “blinding” the family and that still continues, many first round NS memebers found themselves training their first born in Sawa.
            This is not hard to understand,what ppl are missing is that PFDJ is for eradicating the family unit so they and their children can keep enslaving us for generations
            I delineate between the corrupted and who were in alliance to murder and the poor rank and file tegadalai who were giving their lives, but I do not see the need for the madness to replace a brutal group who spoke Amharic with even more brutal group who speak Tigirniya and some Arabic when they want to impress us

          • Paulos

            Selam iSem,

            The immensely talented Viola Davis said something deep and moving when she won an Oscar for Best Supporting Actress last Sunday. She said, “…there is only one place that all the people with the greatest potential are gathered and that place is the graveyard…” And she went on to say, “…exhum those bodies…” I can only imagine if we were able to bring back to life all those who died for independence not only their otherwise “wasted” talents would have been realized but they would have been disillusioned as well when they see Isaias bragging about his good fortune of having an excellent health when they had every reason to be selfish. The pain and anguish of the parents is just beyond words.

          • MS

            Selam Saleh
            Sometimes, in our attempt to pick out what we judge as bad apples, we tend to lose the whole content of the basket. Some of us, including myself, put more emphasis on the folks who exaggerate the warts on our face more so than resolving to treating those defects altogether. As IsmailAA put it, had we had rudimentary democratic system, our representatives would have debated the necessity of the war of 1988-2000; the hostile posturing against the UN (regardless of how we see the international organization); the merit of the open-ended national service; the human right violations; the disastrous economic and political policies of the government, etc. Time goes on . It has been 25 years and we need to be sober and straight. The scorecard is in and it does not look great. I think there is no question that there are few “zaragitos” who are exploiting the situation, but I have come to conclude that they are defeated when our argument is based on objective and truthful analysis. There is also no question that there many who are disillusioned. There is a whole generation which does not know except the brute force of PFDJ. It’s logical that they will question the virtue of having a nation in which they remain virtual prisoners. For you and me the mere hope that we would finally see a liberated Eritrea was enough to get us going. The current and future generations will have different sets of values. They have different expectations. There is no transitional link between these two generations. Five or ten years from now, ghedli generation will leave the scene. We are living behind disillusioned and disgruntled generation. No body will blame them for charting their future towards a direction we would not expected them to take because we messed their lives, and they are mad* at us. The reflection continues.
            *Sometimes, an account from one you trust is helpful.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Mahmuday,

            It is okay, them to decide their own citizenship, however they feel and comprehend it, as far as they were not in the organization to subotage it. Identity is how individuals feel it and internalize it who they are. They felt it that way and you should not feel betrayed.

            Regards

          • MS

            Ahlan Emma
            I think I didn’t make my point clear. I definitely respect their decision. They were forced to leave a country they loved and fought for rather than endure prejudicious profiling. I’m Criticizing the attitudes that drove Hailed and Berhane across the border. Remember, both of them were born in Eritrea. Unlike Jamaica and few others, the reason why they stayed with the EPLF rather than joining the TPLF was because deep in their heart, they felt Eritreans. However, when after the war they became aware people were profiling them for their Tigrayet’s heritage, they got it all. They asked for dismissal, packed up and crossed the border. The last time I met Hailed, he said he was sad to leave, but he was furious. He was wounded three times, he was an amazing person who pushed me to read books. He would send me books he thought I would enjoy. He was very important to me. For me, it’s personal. That’s why I’m calling to stop examining genealogy and blaming individuals’ bad deeds to their roots of their ancestors.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Merhaba Mahmuday,

            Thank you for your clarification. If there was an indirect pressure (prejudice and profiling) that made them to leave, it is really sad. There is no more Eritrean than these gentlemen who gave everything of their lives and fought for the cause of the struggle till its success. I really mean it. The behavior of some Eritreans in acting to be more Eritrean than any other fellow Eritreans has become pernicious disease in the Eritrean political landscape. We have to curve out such attitudes and profiling from our politics. Otherwise, it will eat us to our death eventually as a society.

            Mahmuday, thank you for sharing this info though it is a saddening episode.

            Regards

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Paulosay,

            Issayas is an Eritrean who happen to be a brute dictator, unless he himself want to count five generation back and claim his nationality to be Ethiopian. Regarding his identity, most Eritrean Highlanders, regardless what generation they come from, to the currently state called Eritrea, they migrate from Tigray. Identity is not the issue with him, but his characters.

            But you are right the Eritrean people especially his colleagues did ” fed the very conning nature of Issayas with sympathy, empathy, and intellectual rationalization for 50 years” that include our own Saay himself.

            Regards
            Amanuel Hidrat

          • Nitricc

            Hey SAAY, I am not disputing what you are saying, however; all i am saying is, he 70 years old man, 70!!! and time is not on his side. by now he should have looted all he can and enjoy what ever time he has left. instead he is breathing dust in Adi Halo. power ables you to do two things, loot resources or dictate your vision, since he is not looting the resources i.e. he is doing what he has to do to dictate and implement his visions. we can argue if his visions are right or wrong only time will tell but from what i see and observe, he is determined to go his way. The only difference is that i see it from clear and reasonable view point while you and others see it with some emotional sometimes personal viewpoint. we are not talking about some body who walked in to power, rather a person who went through amazing journey and incredible hurdles. I see people talking how PIA is this and that but when go what he went through, i don’t get it how you miss to understand what PIA is doing. like i have said, PIA could have done what other African leaders do, but he didn’t. He is giving the new generation to do what is needed to be done, the right way. It is easy for everyone to talk smack and all the talks but try to to put yourself in his shoe and imagine what he went
            through. He is not going deviate nor change what worked for him and what he thinks is right. He has dodged every imaginable sabotage and conspiracy and he won. What is so hard to see the reality in the ground.
            At one time, Ethiopia, Sudan and Yemen were ganged up to get rid of PIA and i ask where are they now? Yet, he is standing and standing tall. Fact! the last government tried to stand to him was Ethiopia and look where Ethiopia is and they are about to change their policy toward Eritrea. Hint, the people of Tigray are hurting due to no war no peace situation. what does tell you that specific statement. For me, it reminds me, Wedi Tukul song, NaAna Zibeluwo NaAtom Tetewyu. funny isn’t it?
            I suggest we see what is real in real time. he has prevailed. Again my appreciation for him is that he didn’t trash, contaminate and poison our political process, namely constitution, election and our collective national unity. he left it for us to do it the right way. Is everything what he does is right and just? NO!

          • Abraham H.

            Nitricc, again it is your protozoan brain faling you, without going into the whole of your blabber, at the end you wrote, “my appreciation for him is that he didn’t trash, contaminate and poison our political process, namely constitution, election and our collective national unity. he left it for us to do it the right way”. If discarding a ratified constitution, disappearing critics who pushed for constitutional rule, disappearing thousands others because they were seen as threat to his absolute rule, closing down independent press, closing down the National assembly, closing down the PFDJ central council, etc is not “trashing, contaminating and poisonig our political process” what is it? And with all the trangrations by DIA that I mentioned, how could you possibly say “he left it for us to do it the right way” unless you’re an outright delusional and incredibly stupid person?

          • saay7

            Hey Nitrric:

            Hmmm, where to begin. You are not disputing what I am saying but…you disagree with it all? Let’s start randomly:

            1. Isaias being 70 has left some impression on you, but not on him because he expects to live to he 135 or more. Per Wikileaks, per first hand testimony he gave visiting German politicians.

            2. He *has* looted the only thing that matters to him which, as I keep feeling you, is power. The power to do anything he wants in Eritrea. I also told you that not all tyrants ar motivated by wealth and accumulated riches: all some strongmen want is power. I gave u the case of Gemal abdunasser; I don’t think Mengistu was motivated by wealth either. Read up before you make definitive statements.

            3. Almost all the danger and hazards he faces are in preservation of his absolute rule. And they have cost: Eritreans brutalized by the tens of thousands. It’s not unusual that every group–including classrooms- who admire the bully and u just happen to be one of them. Nothing noble in that.

            4. In Africa’s rocky journey toward democracy civil liberty and human rights, no african dictator has done something as nakedly selfish as Isaias: kill a constitution and arrest all its advocates. Consequ mulu eritrea is the only country in Africa without a constitution.

            Saay

          • Nitricc

            Hey SAAY: people will say, we agree to disagree but what i am saying is, i disagree to agree. Anytime, just or unjust, it must have another voice, a voice of doubt and a voice of fairness. At one time, i shared my story and you asked me, How did the apples fall far from its tree. I told you i will tell one day and let me tell you now. To their credit they told me every Gedli events and everything they have told me, it was PIA’s fault. the more i heard the events the more not only i sense the unfairness but i would have done the same thing what PIA has done to achieve his objective goals. when you are all in on your stated objectives, there is nothing going stand in front of your goals. So, out of fairness and what had went down, i am morally obligated to be fair and to be open minded
            Sure, there are things what went wrong and right down injustice but we got separate emotional feelings and what the reality is. It is not fair nor just to dismiss what they guy have done because he committed what we perceived did wrong. for instance, you keep mentioning the Egyptian leader, although I don’t the whole story but i guarantee you Nassir did have this burden and responsibility on his back….again i disagree to agree
            https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=djUzB1s4sFw

          • saay7

            Nitrric:

            There is a name for that: the Devils Advocate. But it is on one topic: IA. On all other topics, you views register very high on the toothless scale you invented.

            I only mentioned Gemal Abdunasser because u wanted to make it see that Isaias was very unlike every other African dictator. Otherwise, Gemal had much bigger burden (to lead the Pan Arab movement, to inspire the Pan African movement) and much better character (he resigned when he lost a war) and was much more beloved (the people wouldn’t accept his resignation.)

            saay

          • Nitricc

            Hey SAAY, to my understanding, To be “Devil’s advocate” is to know something is wrong deep inside but you defend it to invoke the other person’s reaction to the issue that is at hand. SAAY, no, that is not what i am doing. I believe on what i have said to you. I acknowledge what PIA’s achievement is and equally i acknowledge his shortcomings are. you keep ignoring my real take that is why can’t PIA do what the other African monkeys are doing? call fake election and implement fake constitution and cover with some kind of legitimacy to his power? it would have been very easy and very legal to call an election and rigge it, it would have been very convenient to implement the constitution and shred it and the same thing about free press and do what Ethiopia is doing. can you help me why PIA is not done what just i have stated the above? I really need your help with this subject, please? why? now we settled with Nassir, let’s focus on PIA. We agree he loves his power but why not cover it with some fake legitimacy like all the African country? why do you think? what i am looking is a clear answer the reason way. thanks SAAY.

          • saay7

            Nitrric:

            Call African “monkeys” is the textbook case of bigotry. I invite you to go to Chicago, Harlem, New Orleans, Atlanta and Compton CA say that. You won’t come out alive.

            I can’t keep repeating myself: what IA has done (to ignore then kill a constitution and disappear all its advocates) is far, far worse that the other Africans tyrants have done. They are taking the trouble of demonstrating they have popular support; he is showing utter contempt and arrogance (“bdE” in Tigrinya) and saying I don’t care if you believe I have legitimacy or not. Then, through his gullible fans like you, he shows images of him dancing with soldiers and you guys go all gaga gugu. It’s an mears’s ding display of primitive politics (when I was a kid, they took us out of schools to stand and wave at Haile Selasse parade (to show how much the people loved their king) and he would stop randomly and give money (so people can say how much he loved the people.) I was all of 7 and I knew how stupid it all was. Imagine my surprise now when I see grown ups like you getting played like a violin by that primitive manipulation.

            Ok I will help you. The reason Isaias can’t allow even a “fake free press” or a “fake election” is because even the campaigning period where someone somewhere will say something critical about him is completely unacceptable to his tremendous ego. Because he is a spoiled insecure person.

            saay

          • Aron

            Hi nitric,
            Let’s say you are right that issaias is doing what he believes is right for Eritrea and he is committed to it. What if his vision is the wrong prescription for Eritrea. How do you correct his wrong since he is willing to imprison and kill whoever challenged him.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Aron: that what worked for him to pull of one of the amazing miracle, the independence of Eritrea out of 80 million adversary. I personally think if it wasn’t for PIA’s leadership, brutality and dodge in persistence, Eritreans still will be wondering in Barka and Shahil just like Oromo liberation front. I really believe without his style of leadership and absolute demand, there is no independence whatsoever. studying what ELF done, judging what the Eritrean oppositions are going through, there is no way the job can be done by being nice and democratic. He got the job done and he is trying to do it again. Is he right or just? may be not but when we make mistakes, we don’t know it is wrong. in our on mind we are convinced we are doing the right thing. in short what PIA is trying to do is applying what worked for him in the past and only time will tell. Presidents are judged what they did way after they have left the power. I hear people give the credit to Mao for where China is today but back then when he was in power, he was ridiculed and dubbed as cruel dictator. I agree PIA could have done a little different but it is what it is and things are changing for the better.

          • Aron

            Hi nitric,
            I am not a revisionist and I agree with you independence had to be achieved by any means necessary while I disagree with you on your allocation of credit. He provided vital leadership along with his comrades. That said, asl it is very well documented liberators are rarely good leaders. Nsu did well liberating. For me that is a dead issue. As you try to explain liberation war fare tactics are not working for him governing the country. He should have had free elections and let the best idea or man win. Another thing You always use Ethiopia’s democracy / dictatorship as a measuring stick. You shoul not. Last I checked they have their own persisten and tense problems they trying to solve.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Ahlen Saay,

            I think we will be obliged even the jokes you throw now and then to endorse it. I thought “isaiasim” was a joke. Because you told me in one of your comment that if something you stated didn’t accompanied with analysis, it is a joke. Your Isaiasism philosophy wasn’t argued in your official column “Alnahda” with full analysis for public education,

            Second, the Swedish academician whom you characterized him as “anomaly” has become a big issue at the Stockholm university. His colleagues at the Stockholm University are waiting your acadamic paper as a challenge to his thesis. Just to remind you. There is no joke with them.

            Regards

          • Selamat Saay7,

            At times I am juked by how we arrive at a compelling argument to hypothesis. Explains the ^ Power To aggregate theory.

            AmEritrean GitSAtSE Agniyeya Azilo40 Children’s Press

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Merhaba Saay,

            There is no such an ideology called “Isaiaism” distinct in its structure and philosophy. There are only five socio-economic developments. Even the so called “none-Capitalist development” and “new democracy,” the paths that were designed for the “undeveloped countries” during the liberation movements, is not distinct in itself from the five. It is the path for fulfilling the socio-economic requirements.

            Second, because some countries are governed by a single communist party (including the old soviet btw), it does not mean they created a communist society. Even the old soviet wasn’t completely transformed from “capitalism” to “Socialism”, let alone to introduce a communist society. Communism is a social order where the common ownership of the “means of production” attained in the absence of “social class.” In short its principle is “from each according his ability and to each according to his needs.” This principle refers to “free access and distributions” of goods, capital, and services. This is the final stage of social development. So let us not misuse the concept and the nature of its development. One thing for sure, that we will not see it in my life and your life, for its objective reality is not yet matured. The Chinese communist party, lately in 1976, recognized that the capitalist economy is the pre-requisite to socialism. And hence, they opened their economy to “open market economy” and “controlled private sectors.” In short for every social development there is always a pre-requisite paths to go through, to transform from one stage to another stage.

            Lastly, it would have been more educative if we debate on the “concepts and structures” of social developments so far established than we come with our individual coined words that does not extend far from this forum.

            regards
            Amanuel Hidrat

          • Hey Saay7-F….9,

            Before your edit “KIsaiasism” typo was an accidental CLasism sounding word discovery, by capitalizing the “ii” in Isiasism.

            “We are sick and tired of the ism” tsatseism”kism game, Lord we see the light! we gonna stand-up for our right. ” BMW, frmajo from Ge-Meley gmeley..”anta Halaf mbengeddi ente rekhebkaya meeehllley Selam Beleley. Remix!

            1. ATCQ connect Four, President Barack Obama and Golden State Dub’s-Nation.Google
            2. Naz Illmatic, Stillmatic..Nomadic Sebekh Salim — Hafash BejaSheAb annQuiHka sogum! 😉 PE#1Falava Humer Tree.

            AmEritrean GitSAtSE Agniyeya Children Books Press

          • saay7

            Haile S, Mahmud Saleh, Amde:

            Your translation services are kindly requested. Or, as American TV correspondents tell their anchors, “back to you, blank-started teleprompter reader.”

            saay

          • Saleh Johar

            Hi Saay,
            Are you serious? They just pretend to understand it but I bet my neck they don’t. I have concluded that only TsaTse can understand TsaTsae’s random typing.

          • Amde

            Hi Saleh and saay,

            I object to your characterization. It is not “random typing”. It is performance art. Improvisational like Jazz. He takes your phrase and gives you a song. I enjoy them when I read them in a cadence…

            “I beg your pardon – I never promised you a rose garden.” TsaTse never promised brevity or directness…

            “”We are sick and tired of the ism” tsatseism”kism game,
            Lord we see the light! we gonna stand-up for our right.”.. Saay7, you weren’t the only one tired of the isms … Bob Marley anticipated this very post and sang abut it..

            “frmajo from Ge-Meley gmeley..” Clearly here, TsaTse is not implying the new Somali president has extra special affections for camels. Surely, even I the unwashed Abesha know the famous Gemeley song..

            “Naz Illmatic Stillmatic..” Google it.

            He just needs to footnote his postings: with the songs for the uninitiated.

            Amde

          • saay7

            Hey Amde:

            Ah, I see now. In the immortal words of Philsopher King Pee Wee Harman: “There are things you don’t understand. There are things you won’t understand. There are things you shouldn’t understand.”

            But I want to understand, although I never care much for jazz (I hope Ahmed Raji and Fanti are not reading: they look like jazz-lovers.)

            Yes, indeed, Marley did anticipate this when he sang, “How many times shall they kill your brain cells, as you silently watch, Amde says its just part of it, you got to fulfill the book.” It was from his album, Redemption Song, when he advises us to Emancipate your brain cells from word debris.

            And dude, the more appropriate “I beg your pardon” song were by the Dirt Band:

            “I beg your pardon momma
            what did you say,
            My mind was drifted off on Martinique Bay
            It’s not that I’m not interested you see
            Augusta Georgia is just no place to be.”

            Its’ not that I am not interested you see, it is that Tsatse Prose is just no place to be:)

            saay

          • Amde

            Ah Saay,

            “Its’ not that I am not interested you see, it is that Tsatse Prose is just no place to be:)”

            But that’s where you are wrong.. totally wrong.

            It ain’t prose. It’s more like Hip Hop.

            You give a phrase – he gives a song.
            You give the reason – he gives the rhyme.
            But we live in prose – we can’t rhyme back

            I have to wonder what dinner conversation with his closest friends must be like. TsaTse, can I nvite myself to one? I promise to be quiet.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Sir Amde,

            You have it . Well said. Indeed as SGJ said it, it is a “performance of art.”

          • Nitricc

            Hay SAAY; “”There are things you don’t understand. There are things you won’t understand. There are things you shouldn’t understand.”
            How true! The other day i watched a news about half brother of North Korea’s leader murdered in a broad day light with the most amazing and almost fiction style with VX. I thought i know one or two things about nerve agents but to see it two ladies playing with it in a public setting and be alive is something I couldn’t understand. If you knew What kind preparations and safety protocols goes in handling the VX is, you won’t believe what just happened in that Airport is beyond belief and science in itself. I guess there are things you will never understand it much less knowing it. I am still having hard time believing the news, but again ” who knew health-care is umblivibealy complex” huh?

          • saay7

            Hey Nitrric:

            Firstly before this expression I wrote takes hold and people start quoting Philosopher king Peewee Herman: it was a joke. You know those Western movies where the mucho man has to do his mucho thing for honor and duty despite the pleas and begging of girlfriend/lover/fiancé/wife? This, for example, “High Noon”. Well the Peewee Herman story is the case of the least mucho man saying it, which is why it’s hilarious:

            https://www.youtube.com/shared?ci=tfg3XsUjbvQ

            As for the nerve gas, what I read is two random girls were chosen to spray the guy with two different chemicals that are dangerous only when mixed. This is why they were unharmed while the brother of the Eritrea of Asia died instantly.

            The real lesson is that for minimum money and fame, poor people and aspiring performers will do anything. I think the two girls were paid like $50 each.

            saay

          • Saleh Johar

            Hi Amde,
            It is classic of you, and generous.

            I saw a hen (chicken it became to be) that was walking on the dirt, it didn’t leave footprints but performance art 🙂

          • Haile S.

            Hi Saay7,
            I won’t even attempt. I will never exchange SGJ’s neck for pure luck.

          • MS

            Ahlan SAAY, SGJ, HaileD, amde
            I agree with amde. I look at it as an abstract art, where he tries to connect many topics in a way that the guessing and interpretation is left for the reader. Each of those chunks are comments in themselves. There is a lead sentence that shows his position on each of them. If his position is similar on each of the topics, you will find only one lead sentence applying to all. It may be simple and obvious or deconstructed and laid sparsely across the comments, sometimes, syllables are separated by parentheses or code symbols. Now gobotat Fab82 dejen’na, that untill there no longer first class and second class citizens of any nation Sahel #banshangul%asmara& and until the color#jah!?Jan-jah of aman’* skin is of no significance #amdefab2017#wstchSaay( eritraeit Yenan dejena*Metkel zregexe_than the color of his eyes1964#africa unite/cai#o€π÷∆there is war₽me say elite xrπ10/war.
            Xaxigma machine, entaay’mo gemel lamehierbay, labTretka Arkokebay; Kenji geberelom Ginbot7 weyzom xz, GERD….Ye ertra guday# me ertra yalen gnugnet That eyetederegebet naw. Tnatu betelaQu ATO abi eyetemera naw. Enashenfalen

          • Saleh Johar

            Oh Mahmuday,

            Thank you for enlightening me, I didn’t see that. Blame it on my bad taste, unlike you 🙂 I once opened a Hijab (the south they call it Kitab) and the paper inside has similar spells that no one can decipher, but it can ward off Iblis and the evil eye. Do you have a hijab with that Mahmuday 🙂

          • MS

            Ahlan Saleh
            I I don’t know if I did have a couple of them when I was a kid; that;s when Islam was so easy and sufist. I heard the Hijabs and the Seydnas are out with the spread of selefi. Fab7120 #SGJ, avoid cultural hot potato; Sirna min ajli’lkadHin; Sirna men ajili’lmelayin…wo aElana…wo aElennaha sawret waHd wo stin….Hijab@ wol mushrkeen# Himeret kelboy….gemeley gemeley eta beEal gram goni tegadalay bret teshekima….Hijab leQima%xeriga Haxiba

          • Saleh Johar

            Ahlan Mahmouday Xbox 13 wham

            I am developing strategybon Marley I ShgItt now tell them. Oh baby not cry formal Saay. Formation Wed SaliHHHhh. I ishmaEEEl Kebir Bret. Amde the GeReD zenab hone. Uncle Emma ELF tune in the Gash. Okay Mahmouday ?

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Hi SGJ,

            Oh my God! Now you don’t need interpretation of Solomon’s encrypted comments and you can respond to him likewise.

          • MS

            Hi Emma
            Saleh has passed it in a single session. Graduation party soon to be held. Fab9/elite 1o, SAAY[AMDE]@Asmarino# Buffalo soldier /COMMENCEMENT SPEAKERS.

          • Selamat Saay7,

            No need for outsourcing.
            Naz, Ilmattic, Stilmatic, and lyrics of his “All I need is one mic…”
            Bridges to Nomadic-Sebekh Sagem – AnquiHka Sogumm.

            The remaining can be purged or edited.

            tSAtSE

          • MS

            Selam SAAY
            Not at all. It was sexy to be communist during those years. However, the organization evolved to embracing democratic ideals, at least the majority of the members. As I said, if IA was doing those interesting interviews and if he was pushing for a democratic cover-up in the post 1987 world, I can only guess. But the majority of tegadelty had a crude understanding of basic democratic tenets. Moreover, it was a matter of practical choice than and ideal one for the elites who consukmed so much of Marxism. They saw the East block crumbling.

          • Ismail AA

            Hayak Allah wa alf kheir MS,
            I can’t agree more. This input aptly sums up the core issues that which we should have started tackling since very long ago. I commend you for that, sir. You reminded me of the statement my organization had issued right after the entry of the liberation forces to Asmara in 1991. At that time we never anticipated things would develop in the way they did. Moreover, I agree totally with the noble message your last sentence carried.
            Regards

          • Selamat MaHmuuday “The Best” SaliH,

            FAB5-E9. The Dunk from the give and go play book did not disappoint the Global Solidarity Solutions Arena. I agree fully with your:
            “2. The broad mass, the veterans and the people who had rallied around EPLF, lacked the institutional support they needed.”

            I will emphasize to give you clue by utility from the archives. The Second Congress of The EPLF and ELF-Sagem was a significant turning point in which the Front decisively took to grow an ONION, now pealed to it’s bear core. See Saay7, (FAB5-E9) parsed into Four or Five roughly .67 to .75 of a decade time period culminating with “KIsaiasism!” The recipient of the Game Ball may be dependent on this pivotal play.
            Saay and perhaps you and others are aware of a narative I mentioned my being an elected delegate of the Eritrean Student Union in North America’s resurection. For now, as we have reached the Two minute mark, the point to emphasize support -Ample and consolidating Roads of the Full Court Press to be EXHIBITED NEXT- (Pregunta el Gigante AmEricano Hijo tuyo para tradusca a ti!) [Amde FAB5-E9 substitute for the crucial buzzer beater shot taker…)

            I would like to poke/tickle Aya Amanuel Hidrat, Elite9, here as is swaying, albeit slightly, back and forth between “Transformational/Transactional” conflicts. His EPLF transformed into a party called PFDJ, is overgeneralization and an opening for theories and hypothetical-hypothesis of the “Twilight Zone” kind. Full acceptance of the existence of the EPLF as much as that of the ELF, separate from the PFDJ is vital for the inseparable Transactional and Transformational qualities of Leadership he is calling for to step forward and reveal your selves should be a focus, prior to his Tebeges Pencil’s challenge.

            I will find a conducive point to narate the ENSA strategy utilized by our EPLF after the Second Congress. Ironically, making the KedaE Mesmer book if 1979, which Menhir tSige, Vet Tegadalay of the ELF, confiscated from me to read for him self ,when I was a Three Month Old Fourth grader student of his in 1979, was returned to me in the form KedaE Mesmer II in 1989…….
            (Ah hh… these long porsmamente during the 2 Min. Time Out!!!)

            Wolverine Weopon X

            AmEritrean GitSAtSE Agniyeya Azilo40 Children Books Press

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Ismail AA,

            I am not sure about The Al Shabab issue. But, it is only natural for the Eritrean government to support Ethiopian opposition groups to put pressure on the Ethiopia. It is also an open secret that Ethiopia supports Eritrean opposition groups. Don’t you think it is appropriate for the UN and AU to put sanctions on Ethiopia for non compliance with the EEBC decision?

            Had there been no war, Isaias would have been elected with a landslide.

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Simon K.
            Considering the volume of your input and follow up of current affairs, I am very skeptical about your doubt on Al Shabab and its link with the regime. Moreover, I note that you try to dance around the issue you had raised and getting response. You told us that the regime has not been sitting idle to take back territories it lost during the unfortunate border war. And, you had argued that one of the actions it took was sponsoring proxy actors. I do not know why you jump to whether the dictator would or would not have been elected conjecture. True to being a dictator, he would of course have been elected by 99.99% votes in rigged balloting as did his counterparts elsewhere.
            Regards

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Ismail AA,

            Both governments have been playing the proxy war game by supporting the opposition to the other.

            On the Al Shabab issue, is the accusation that the Eritrean government is fighting on the side of Al Shabab or that they are giving training to them? The latter is a possibility but the former is doubtful.

            On the Eritrean government not starting a direct war against Ethiopia to recover its territory, it is to be commended for its restraint, don’t you think?

            As I said before, had the war did not start, the constitution implemented and an election was held, Isaias would have won with a landslide, not because of vote manipulation but because Isaias was very popular. I am a witness to his popularity prior to year 2000.

          • Aron

            You said “had there been no war”, remember the war was issaias’s choice. If there was no war and issaias led the country with wisdom towards peace and prosperity, towards resolving conflicts without shooting first and forced to dialogue later, our youth would not be in foxhole expiring for 17 years and counting. If issaias was wise, dear Simon kaleab, there would not be lampedusa or sinai. If Isaiah’s was wise, we would have constitution and free elections so he may lose or win an election based on his performance. If Isaias was

      • Thomas

        Hi Amma,

        I have no doubt that you have identified Simon K. That he is Issayas’s cheer leader. Be prepared to hear the most absurd stand. He will never be ashamed to tell you that our people deserve Issayas leadership. As all supporters do, he will hit around the bushes in trying to point out that Africans can only be governed by dictator. He even thinks that the G15 were wrong for trying to challenge Issayas openly and they should have tried to resolve their problems without trying expose Issayas to Eritrean people. I have to tell that Getab guy is honest as compared with this Simon. I have talked with many supporters of Issayas, but none of the people I talked to dare to say what this foolish is saying.

        • Simon Kaleab

          Selam Thomas,

          You are an idealist. Can you make your wishes practical? Time is flying, and the train has passed.

          • Thomas

            HI Simon K,

            “Can you make your wishes practical?” I am fighting for justice because I strongly believe that:
            – Governments are chosen by the people to serve the people and if the leaders fail fulfilling the demand of the people, they are removed from their offices
            – Surrender or doing nothing is a failure. Everyone learns from mistakes including society as a group. We will fight to correct mistakes made and change course
            – Like every nation and society to have a country governed by a constitutional government. No one can be above the law, not Issayas the mafia and his click.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Thomas, you said “I am fighting for justice because I strongly believe that”

            please don’t cheapen the word and the meaning of “fighting”. You can’t sit your fat azz and getting to gather for drinks as a fight to justice. You can not mix and count the drunk fights with the fight for justice. Just sit there and grow side ways.

          • Thomas

            Hi Nitricc,

            Funny, but ain’t me:) Can you clarify your sentence that says, “just sit there and grow side ways”? I am thinking you mean I become fat by sitting there. “grow side ways” does not equal “become fat”. You see people think you are a US born and grown kid. I think you are a non tigrigna language speaker, most probably amharic speaker. Your whole thing is amharic or attached with Ethiopia. Come out and tell us who you really are Nitricc? For how long are you going hide behind your mom’s skirt??

          • Abraham H.

            Hi Thomas, “…people think you are a US born and grown kid”, no he said it himself. This guy has never been to Eritrea; I’m sure he’s been many times to Ethiopia, if not he is born of people who’ve been there. Yet, he is on record belittling everything Ethiopian, and on the contrary cheering the Eritrean dictator. A miracle indeed.

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Abreham and Thomas,

            For someone who is born in the US he knows a lot of Amharic even the most sophisticated. If he is born to an Eritrean parents, unless they were also born in Ethiopia, most likely that he would know more Tigrina than Amharic. Let’s assume they Amharic is their mother tongue and he learned it from them.

            What I find really hard to believe is, how he is able to read so much Amharic? Speaking is one thing, to actually read / write is quite a different matter. It would take at least someone to high school level to be able to read / write any language.

            My guess is, Ethiopian government have deported him with his family during the war. He is waiting for his revenge to see Ethiopia in chaos.

            What a self hater individual.

            Berhe

          • Nitricc

            Hi Berhe; don’t assume every father is bad and worst father as you are. Growing up my dad was every a step of the way, he didn’t spend all his times on forums talking about absolutely nothing . If you were responsible father as my mine, your kids not only speak Amharic they will be the inventors of the cutting technology of today. But, it sucks for them, you are here talking about Nitricc. why is it so interested in Nitricc and what he speaks? I have written in many times regarding myself and my parents but as slow and as dumb you are, i don’t expect you to read and comprehend it. Now, stop nonsense and go be with your kids.

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Nitricc,

            For how you turned out as an adult, I am sure it’s not fault of your parents. I am sure like all parents they did their level best to bring you up.

            But I am sure they are hurt broken for you being turn out as self hating hypocrite child.

            Berhe

          • Nitricc

            Ato Berhe: what I am stun by you and the rest of the stupid people is that how low your expectation of you and your kids is. You are amazed because I manage to speak one lowly and useless Amharic language. forget my capability and things I can do, for one you can’t handle it and you may hung your self out shame. but do you know John Stuart Mill, who motivated me to know Amharic;
            Mill… He knew Greek at the age of three, Latin at eight. And age 10, he wrote a history of Roman law.
            Now you couldn’t believe it because a full grown man managed to speak and read one toothless language. I mean, I know you have kids and I hope you expect a little better from them. in the mean time when I call you slow and dumb, don’t you think I got a point? I am starting to understand the mind of Africans, no wonder!

          • Gentlemen Awatistas B.Y. and Nitric,

            If you do not mind my interjecting for the sake of setting our mutual respective borders. At times, profound statements are indeed simple.

            AmEritrean GitSAtSE Agniyeya Azilo40 Childrens Pres

          • Thomas

            Hi Abraham,

            I agree with you and Berhe. This guy is more of an Ethiopian than Eritrean. Actually, he made it easy for us to tell.

            He has never mentioned people of Eritrea in almost all of his comments and whenever he did he was very offensive. For instance, he showed his ruthlessness for those drowned in lampedusa and that when each of us were deeply hurt. He never sympathizes with all the things happening to our people inside our country. On the other hand, he gets very happy when young Eritreans die escaping his masters. That by itself shows that he has no connection whatsoever with the Eritrean people. Remember, he was being stopped from bring images of dead Ethiopian because he felt they should never have been killed.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Thomas the white guy. lol what you don’t understand is “growing old is mandatory while growing up is optional.” You seem to grow old and grow sideways but never to grow up and grow vertically. The question you need to face head on is that you are here on this earth and ask yourself what the purpose of your life is? Ask for yourself, what is it? What have you done? Who are you? I know, it is easy venting and going crazy behind the computers but to ask and excel to make the difference in life for the greeter good is something different. Hint, you are not going to live for ever, now what? When you open your mouth critiquing people like PIA and honorable people like Mahmuday, think twice and Ask the very simple qeustion, what have you done?
            By the way, when is the next drinking get-together? i need few drinks it has been in while.

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Thomas,

            Sit down and relax, fighting for justice is all hot air. But you are not alone. Everyone is waiting for Isaias to pass away. It might be a long wait.

        • sara

          Dear Thomas,
          aya Aman,Ema,Amanuel ok— not- xxxx please..

    • Abraham H.

      Selam Simon K,
      1) What do you think would have happened today in Eritrea had the PFDJ regime followed on the political path that was carved out by the ratified Constitution of 1997?
      2) Do you believe the border dispute alone is a justifiable cause to build a totalitarian system that is far worse than the situation prior to the border war?

      • Simon Kaleab

        Selam Abraham H.,

        I have replied below.

        • Abraham H.

          Hi Simon K, I don’t see any of your replies below addressing my questions, but if you wish to evade them it is ok.

    • T Eyassu

      Dear Simon,

      To answer your questions:

      1. Isaias represent PFDJ not EPLF in my analysis but i don’t believe Isaias intentions was different in both times.
      3. I believe Isaias doesn’t want EEBC decision to be implemented. His actions over the years speaks otherwise.He wont have any justification to stay in power if the border dispute finalized.

    • Mez

      Greetings Simon, I believe the border issue masked the real problems. Basic things such as: a) both TPLF and EPLF/PFDJ are convinced they are the best and most important organizations in Africa/ the world. No sign of compromise. b) thhese two political movements knew very well that, if they open the gate of democracy and equality among all, then they are the first to get fractured; probably beyond the realm of repair. C) the economy of Eritrea is extremely centralized 100% under the control of the pfdj; this fact is accepted as ok even among a substantial segment of the opposition, albeit tacitly. d) for any real peaceful coexistence among both nations, trade and commerce has to flourish and get the lead before adhoc talking and bilateral action. This cannot happen now due to the inherent antagonistic nature of the economic policies. e) probably the Eritrean economy have to go through worldBank/ imf (or Chinese one!) structural adjustment programs in a cycle or two to bring the economic policies comparable and interchangable…. e) Ethiopia, and TPLF in particular, have to evolve further too.
      Thanks

      • Simon Kaleab

        Selam Mez,

        There can be no excuse for Ethiopia not accepting and implementing the EEBC decision. However, this does not justify the indefinite National Service or the Eritrean government’s stranglehold on the economy.

        • Mez

          Hi Simon,

          Probably for you and me there is no Justification for not implementing the EEBC adjudication. But for the two Political parties (PFDJ/TPLF) there is a purpose for not implementing it.
          On the PFDJ side it is obvious.
          On the TPLF side, it as a political organization which want to be unique among all TIGRAI political movements and get instilled for thousands of years to come. To be so, it have to do unique things, which no other party or political movement can do. This would perpetuate the supremacy of TPLF. Chop a piece from north; and chop a piece from south….. then antagonize the Tigrina speakers in Ethiopia a) MOST IMPORTANTLY against each other (so that no political movement which deviates from the ideology of TPLF comes in existence in Tigray State, b) against other political movements in Ethiopia, c) against political movements in Eritrea,….

          it is too obvious for me from this perspective.

          Thanks

  • Berhe Y

    Dear Tsehaye Eyassu,

    Thank you for your article, for highlighting the crimes being committed by Isayas regime.

    With all due respect, I think for the past 15 years, our authors have been focusing on highlighting the crimes that’s being committed. And year after year the crimes gets bolder and bolder.

    What we are failing I think, and correct me if I am wrong, there hasn’t been an article or thought put by our educated elite to advice is how to “Fight back”.

    If we believe that the regime is made up of humans (like all humans), the regime has faults, weakness, vulnerabilities, etc..

    And if those weakness are exploited properly, I think it will collapse when enough people exploit them.

    Exposing and highlighting the crimes of the regime are important, it was done a great detail and with credible evidence at by the HRC so I think our focus and attention should be how to fight back.

    In other words, I think we need a manifesto… a working manual, a blue print, what ever you call it…to bring down the system of Isayas Afeworki.

    Berhe

    • iSem

      Hi BY:
      I agree; all the articles and even books heavily focus on the crimes before and after 1991. Although the documentation and narration of the crimes helped corner the regime and facilitated the creation of the special UN sanctioned Commission of Inquiry and its finding, although they are slowly but surely emboldening Eritreans to come on the open to be witnesses against the crimes, although they will help the inevitable bringing to trial of the criminals, the telling of the crimes is not hastening the demise of the regime and therefore protracting the end of our suffering
      But there are tools at our disposal, people have done it before, even there are books written about how some entity’s strength can be its weakness: David and Goliath, by Canadian Malcolm Gladwell is a good book on this subject, also the booklet that you once shared that dissects this subject.
      Gladwell documents example of how everyday people, from a waiter to a teacher undermined the power of the Nazi. The title of the book says it all: Goliath, although gigantic and armored he had weakness such as inflexibility etc., while the smaller David was agile etc. So you are right, any system not only has vulnerabilities but its strength can be weakness, the weakness of David’s such as his size devoid of armors can be also the strength.
      The Arbi Harnet Movement was a sound idea, but I do not think it worked well I am not sure how strongly people boycotted Fridays and as always the power is on the hands of the people inside Eritrea, those mothers, those fathers etc.
      Now, as Saleh Younis would hastily say, it would be not in keeping with my “Falulunett” if I do not criticize the Dictator’s club: the African Union, the pantheons of dictators protecting each other, but if there are men of profiles in courage they would not have allowed the suffering of people in their continent, that is what they did when they were dining and wining in Addis when Ethiopia was enslaving Eritreans and that is what they are doing now when many African people are enslaved by their own leaders.

      But there is good news (rumors) coming from Ethiopia that the organ trafficker in chief Teklay Manjus has been captured by Ethiopia during the fire exchange that occurred the day after the Commission Inquiry released its finding. I hope Ethiopia hands him to The Hague.

      Bu there is something that always unsettles me: in the last 25 years PFDJ was arresting and disappearing and killing senior cadres and notable Eritreans, a habit that calumniated in the arrest of G-15, journalists and even more notable and senior cadres and the prisons, the Ela-Eror and Karchelis are all staffed. You would think that someone, some group would help undermine the regime and release the G-15 and even all Ela-Ero prisoners and to me that day I will agree that Eritrea has gained its independence and this is not an earth shattering thing, it has been done before when the guards and managers were Ethiopians.

    • T Eyassu

      Dear Berhe,

      You are absolutely right. Our focus should be in finding solution rather than highlighting the crimes. The articles intent was to argue and convince people in the middle ground, that the regime tactics was indeed to stay in power. i believe, one of the solution is to point out and lecture people the intents of Isaias and his clique.

      Thank you,
      T Eyassu

  • Awatistas,

    The Micro Dam Deffense, This New Dawn Brhan is SeiDicci. Pencil IsmaEEl Burhan Ali, Point Blank. Issue Legal Accountability.
    Paper Poignant – Archived.

    AHmed Rajji, Biniam Negash: This is The Medium. Introduction if you will.
    Vet. MaHmuday “The Best” SaliH
    Ms. Hyatt Adam. Logistics.

    tes, Akkatt Healthy Foods–Teseney Aligdrr Haycota Connect. Invites Lingo Mcee
    Hypo Tekeze Fanti Ghana – Sharia Blue Mountain, Press issue.

    AmEritrean GitSAtSE Agniyeya Azilo40
    Starting Line Up. Fab Five. Amde, Saay7, MaHmood SaliH, Fanti Ghana, Abi.

  • Awatistas,

    It’s Yours! Do we have an issue with Migration. Two Pronged^.

    Elite32 Tier. Mr. GhezaE Hagos and Semere Tesfay.. Metemeny Eritrawinet -As AArkobkobay as Apple Pie. // ISEM excellent points– permutations suggestion. Moderate . Taking Points: Elite Nine.. Fab Five — Transformational or Transactional. Moderator – IsmaEilAA. {Quantifiable out of the box attentive listeners.)
    Haile S., Gheteb/ Logistical Issues.
    AmEritrean GitSAtSE – Agniyeya Azilo40.

    • Berhe Y

      Dear TsaTse,

      I am sorry if I hurt you with my comments in the past.

      But I see your comments when I go to sleep and I see your comments when I wake up (new). Plus we are 3 hour time difference if you are still in California.

      When do you go to sleep? Don’t take it in a wrong way, but I hope you are ok, and may be you need some help.

      May be this is a cry for help.. I really mean it.

      Hawka,
      Berhe

      • Ismail AA

        Selam dear Berhe,
        Gashe GitSAtSe Solomon is just fine.
        No worry; his soul and flesh alternate roles; just like “sem na werq”. When “sem” has to play the role of “werq”, it’s werq, and the reverse is true. The best time for me to read his comments is just before my afternoon nap because I fall asleep half way the first sentence. When I wake up, I find the first comment has alreaday disappeared to the bottom of the screen. Then, I tell myself: what ever the meaning of the previous comment I had not finished was, I still enjoy Gashe Solomon’s stamina of gracing me by unfinished comments, and I end up admiring his exceptional skill.
        Regards,

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Good morning Ismailo,

          I guess you and Saay could only decode these encrypted comments of Solomon. He could have contributed sound arguments without doing that, for I know his potential long before he started to interact with awatistas, when he was a young student. He was a brilliant kid. Unfortunately, why he loves encryption is still a mystery to me.

          Regards

          • Ismail AA

            Ahlen Aman,
            Indeed, he’s extremely a smart gentlman. This I had marked when I first read his comments, which are uniquely woven like a persian carpet. He hides his views in sort of juncle of seemingly meaningless and incoherrent words.
            If you forget to remember the core issue a commenter has made to which he decides to respond, you may not have a clue of what Gashe Solomon is out to say.
            But, nonetheless, I am not claiming I am able to follow what he writes. Most of the time, when I hit a snag I just quit reading. Moreover, I agree that when he is provoked to write in plain language he is sharp. He possesses a ruthless command of language and style.
            Regards.

          • Saleh Johar

            Ahlan Ismael,
            I will take your comment as an intent to help decipher what you considered wax and gold. From now on, I will expect you to tell me what the message is every time my name is mentioned :-). I didn’t know you were fluent in that language That I failed to learn. 🙂

          • Selamat Saleh Johar,

            You are joking right? Or should we categorize under the widely hyped but un true Aya Amanuel Hidrat- The Humorless JUNK File.

            Here is ONE Message for starters: If you are an aspiring and or established Eritrean Author, and would like to the Development and Reconstruction hampered due to the long and short term effects of a very long war and with a very diverse pool of real experiences by it’s population to pick from, THEN ATTACK THE PROBLEM FROM THE NOBEL LAUREATE TRENCH.
            I Know you have a canoe, but how is your jumpsuit?

            Regards,

            AmEritrean GitSAtSE Agniyeya Children’s Book Press

          • Saleh Johar

            Okay Tsatse,
            Now I understand you clearly. I hope you continue tat way.

            I have no hate left for others, all is consumed by the PFDJ I don’t hate anyone Tsatse. Certainly not you. I just get annoyed when I see my name in your comments and I do not understand what the comment is about.

            Wehni Bet is prison in Amharic. Wehni Ber (The Gate of the prison) is my fictional name for a village that serves as a setting for part of the story.
            Mokria is a real person (Tor Serawit sergeant) who showed me and my peers hell when I was growing up.
            The rest of the story area based on real researched history.

          • Ismail AA

            Hayak Allah Saleh,

            With some sense of humor, I would offer my service in exchange of big reward. I have already confessed that my way of deciphering Gashe Solomon’s codes is just quitting at the moment I hit a snag.
            By the way, I hope my scribbling of “gold and wax” randomly has not been taken literarily.
            I hope tSAtSE is noting the dilemma his readers are having and just shift back to normal language, which I believe is very fine.
            Regards

          • Ismail AA

            Hayak Allah Ustaz Saleh,

            This is a follow up message of compliment to my earlier comment about tSAtSE. I just finished you beautiful and exceptionally informative interview with ZENA at Farajet.

            1. To begin with my question that I had all the time in mind and was waiting for appropriate occasion to ask has been answered. Now, I know the genesis of (Gadi). At first I thought it was your family name; then I hesitated when I saw it in parenthesis, which raised the question in my mind.

            2. The information you provided about yourself and background consolidated my impression that you are extraordinarily quick learner. Considering the problems you had had it is wonderful that you could learn 6 important languages beside your mother tongue. That earns you more admiration as self-educated person.

            3. Please accept my gratitude for remembering me to my beloved teacher, the late Mahmoud Mohammed Saleh. This is actually the reason I decided to write this lines. I sat in his class after he was released from jail in Adi Quala (if I remember correctly. Later, after years I met him at his house in Khartoum in 1975.

            Regards

      • Good Morning Berhe Yeman,

        I remember clearly when you asked me to not mix serious issues by abruptly mixing comic relief. I can only ask for the same RightNow. Our cause, being what brings us together to socialize freely and learn all that is we wish to realize from one another. Amongst us folks who have a lot of vast experiences eager now to tell a perspective that can only serve us. Apology not needed, it is I that has ad equal if not greater than the forum transgressions , I once learned at The State University of New York at Buffalo. My Professor then, Newton Garver- Rohd’s Scholar. Here with you, I must admit I have utilized an unfair advantage. I must warn you it may prove difficult to break character, however I will take heed and parse as suggested. Forgive me if I do not have a strategy as of now, for a Quid Pro Quo challenge. As the strategists including yours truly, you and many many others have been, will, and are formulating to alleviate simple reliefs. And I will dare say, including everyone in Eritrea proper. Thank you and am quite sure you are reading the young student for school this morning. It is unavoidable that we will engage sooner than later. Regards and Selamtay n iSEM. “Enigma.” 🙂 tSAtSE

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