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Sudan: Omar Al Bashir’s Regime is Wobbling

Serious popular unrest and demonstrations are rocking Sudan since last week. The unrest that started as a reaction to bread and fuel cost increase is now aiming higher and demanding the removal of the 30-year old ruling party regime. As expected, the unrest did not subside but worsened as more Sudanese joined it. In addition, Sudanese diaspora elements have joined the uprising and are demonstrating against the regime in Western cities.

The beginning of the unrest coincided with the visit of Al-Bashir to Damascus on December 16, 2018, where he met Bashar Al-Assad the embattled Syrian leader. The visit irritated the Egyptian media, which is still piling criticisms against the Sudanese government. However,  reactions from other member-countries under the Saudi umbrella (which includes Egypt, Bahrain, UAE, and Saudi Arabia) has stayed mild. As a member of the coalition, Sudan has sent troops to fight in Yemen and has already lost dozens of its soldiers in the conflict.

In the first few days of the unrest, in what looks like a repeat of the Egyptian army that stood with the people in the Arab Spring demonstrations of 2012 against president Mubarak, the Sudanese armed forces didn’t deal with the demonstrators brutally leading observers to surmise the army was siding with the people. However, dozens of people have lost their lives in several cities.

The fear that the seemingly neutral position of the armed forces might be broken is proven right after the death toll increased. Al-Bashir is an army general and the commander in chief of the Sudanese armed forces.

According to Amnesty International, 37 people were killed in the clashes between the demonstrators and the security forces.

The forceful participation of Sudanese political coalition parties has swayed the balance to the benefit of the demonstrators, a development that could prove to be a lethal challenge to the ruling party. A march to the presidential palace is scheduled for today to demand from Al-Bashir to step down.

It’s significant that the current unrest has its epicenter in Atbara, a railway city that used to be the center of the world’s biggest Communist Party. The unrest spread from there and has since spread to all major cities including Gedaref, a town on the Eritrean-Ethiopian border, and Khartoum where the government has announced the closure of the university.

Across the border in Eritrea, the army has ordered the soldiers to return to the garrisons and stay alert. And though a spill over to Eritrea from the unrest in Sudan is still unlikely, security situations in the border towns are tense. The Eritreans security forces have made several arrests of soldiers and civilians in the town of Tessenei, in a step that residents believe is a precautionary measure.

The Eritrean and Sudanese governments are not in good terms for over a year, though for decades their relations fluctuated between excellent and confrontational.

Background

In 1989, Sudan’s military under the leadership of Colonel Al-Bashir ousted the coalition government of prime minister Sadiq Al-Mahdi with excuses that it failed to end the rebellion in the Southern part of the country and for failing to fix the derelict economy. Soon, the National Islamic Front and its leader and ideologue the late Dr. Hassen Al-Turabi threw their weight behind General Omar Al-Bashir. However, Al-Bashir could neither fix the economy nor end the South Sudan rebellion, which culminated in the separation of the South in 2011. Thirty years later, Al-Bashir still clings to power.

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  • FishMilk

    Hi All. Ethiopia’s MoFA is indicating finalization of a roadmap to institutionalize cooperation between Ethiopia and Eritrea. The aim of the roadmap is to regulate trade, port usage, customs immigration and transport through legal frameworks. Yemane (Charlie) indicates that a high level Ethiopian-Eritrean committee is undertaking consultations to regulate trade and transport for a trial period of 4 months to enable benefit from lessons learnt process.

  • FishMilk

    Hi All. Eritrea has opened a customs office near Gondar border and in Golge, Eritrea.

  • FishMilk

    Hi All. PIA and Omar Bashir today agreed to open borders which have been closed since January 6, 2018.

  • Semere Tesfai

    Selam Hope Nebsi

    First sorry for my late response; second happy new year to you and to all Awatistas all over the globe; last but not least, thank you for caring to engage and thank you for all the respect – all in advance.
    Now that out of the way, back to business:

    1. – “I respectfully /partially disagree with the Djibouti analogies and comparisons you attempted to make – Ethio-Eritrea vis-a-vis Ethio-Djibuoti, for obvious reasons as Ethiopia cannot have the privilege and an opportunity to confederate Djibouti”

    I perfectly understand your point. Yes, Eritrea doesn’t have the insurance protection from global powers that Djibouti has. But still, I believe Eritrea will always be a sovereign (independent) nation with its current territory unaltered. I still believe under any circumstance, no Addis regime would ever dare try to to unite Eritrea with Ethiopia.

    If Eritrea is ever going to unite with Ethiopia, it would be through Eritreans willingness and it would be through natural process without any political manipulation, coercion or threat. Probably generations from now, it is conceivable, unity of both nations to happen. But only through natural process – through free movement of people, cultural diffusion and dilution.

    And let me explain point by point as to why I believe Eritrean independence and Eritrean sovereignty won’t be threatened by the current “Unique Love Affairs and Romantic Language of MDDEMER and Confederation where, Ethiopia is being invited with a green light through behind the seen Treaties and Agreements by/with Eritrea.”

    1. – Swallowing a sovereign UN, AU, IGAD, Arab League (observer) member nation, without the result of a national referendum vote that decisively mandate unity with Ethiopia – just because Ethiopia is “being invited with a green light through behind the seen Treaties and Agreements with Isaias and his close comrades” is very hard to justify and even harder to win politically and diplomatically in today’s world.
    Remember: not just Ethiopia but also the nations in the Red Sea Horn region and beyond, have a stake on the outcome as Eritrea’s unity with Ethiopia would affect their national securities and interests. And the Ethiopians know that; because they’ve been there before.

    2. – As they say ‘insanity is doing the same thing over and over again, expecting different result.’ Ethiopian elite might be ambitious, pushy, and crazy to have unfettered access to the Red Sea; but for sure they are not insane. Didn’t they learn a valuable lesson not too long ago? Ethiopian elite, believing Ethnic Tigrignas would always choose Ethiopia over their Muslim brothers, and believing Asfaha Weldemicael and Qeshi Dimetros would deliver what they promised the king, in 1962 they annexed Eritrea and made it, province number fourteen. And we know what happened later: neverending wars that threatened the very existence of their nation itself, never ending misery that made the name Ethiopia (the country they love) synonyms with hunger. Now, with that scar still fresh in their mind, why on earth would they go for another round of the same crazy adventure? I don’t think they would.

    3. – Today, the world have learned a valuable lesson. No matter how big and strong a nation is, no matter how wealthy and how well connected a nation is……. no nation can defeat determined armed insurgency and say mission accomplished. USA in Vietnam, Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria…… USSR in Afghanistan, Israel in South Lebanon, Ethiopia in the thirty year Eritrean insurgency, Saudi Arabia in Yemen….. are testaments to this. And Ethiopians know this first from hand experience

    4. – I said this many times here at Awate and let me repeat it again. Genuine peace between Eritrea and Ethiopia is inversely proportional to the distance between Asmara and the Ethiopian ethnic that is dominating Ethiopian politics. The farther the politically dominant ethnic in Ethiopia from Asmara, the better the Ethio-Eritrean relation would be. Today, the politically dominant ethnic in Addis are the Oromos – which are far away from Asmara in Ethiopia’s south – and the prospect for a genuine lasting peace between Eritrea and Ethiopia is better than ever.

    4. – If we look closely, the “ERITREA’S UNITY WITH ETHIOPIA” threat comes only from two Ethiopian ethnics: the Amaras and the Tigreans (35% of Ethiopian population) + a very negligible Eritrean ethnic Tigrignas. And the Amaras and the Tigreas are not what they use to be – power wise. They are LOSING POWER AND INFLUENCE in ethiopian politics by the day.

    Making Amara and Tigrean culture as a reference – the we all Ethiopians and Eritreans are Habesha, the we all Ethiopians and Eritreans share the same culture, the same dish (cuisine), the same dress, the same faith, the same look (feature), the same 3000 year old history, the same ancestry…… is losing credibility in Ethiopia and Eritrea. Because these claims are not shared by many Ethiopians (the 65%) and because of these facts and more, the ethnics outside Amara and Tigreans are not obsessed with Ethio-Eritrean unity like the Amaras and Tigreans.

    2. – “Your last paragraph is TOO generous and too good to be truly trusted and to be entertained for the same facts I tried to clarify.”

    As I explained above, I’m not trying to be generous or trusting to either regime – Abiy’s or Isaias’ (PFDJ) regime. I’m just trying to be pragmatic. I’m just trying my level best to assess the danger and the practicality of REVERSING Eritrean independence through the Love Affairs and Romantic Language of MDDEMER and Confederation where as Ethiopia is being invited with a green light through behind the seen Treaties and Agreements by/with Eritrea”.

    3. – I personally believe, Ethiopian and Eritrean economic and security relations are complementary relations. Neither Ethiopia nor Eritrea could achieve MEANINGFUL economic prosperity – or could enjoy secure stable quality of life alone. Any meaningful social progress of either one without the other is minimal at best. And the sooner we all understand this reality, the better.

    Hope Nebsi: Again happy new year, it is getting late in my time zone. I’m about to head home now. As always, our discussion never ends. Thank you for engaging and thank you for all the respect.

    Semere Tesfai

  • Nitricc

    Hi All; to be honest I am kind of glad the border shuts down. I have never felt at ease with the hoopla that the border was opened. To my mind the border was closed to pressure the TPLF tugs. The statement that say ” federal issued permission” will tell you everything you need to speculate. So, this closing is targeted at the TPLF and it will stay closed till TPLF and Ethiopian federal government come to their sense and solve their difference. Eritrea can’t serve two governments in open border. That is until Tigray understands that she is one of Ethiopian province and stop acting like country, you are not. I am glad the border is sealed and I hope it will stay closed till there is a rule of engagements and order.

  • Mahmud Saleh

    Hello All
    Happy New Year to all of you. The Ethio-Eritrean relations are now past honeymoon. Great to see them entering the realm of practicality. Porous borders and unregulated movements of peoples and goods serve only the Day-time-hyenas, they encourage illegal activities. The border was open without the needed arrangements. I’m hoping this will encourage the two countries to be serious about a lot of things, including the issues of immigration and customs and other security-related matters.

    • Amanuel

      Hi MS
      Happy festive period!
      People were asking why the rush, but you chose to go with the flow and you were accusing them spoilers of the peace process. Now you are flip-flopping and pretending you were not the cheer leader of the short lived free movement. You have a way with words man.

      I am not surprised you are not asking why it was opened with out the needed arrangements. You are just happy to go with flow and accept the order of the day and praise it.

      • Ismail AA

        Selam Amanuel,
        Happy festive days ahead to you and the rest in the forum. Moreover, I am a bit surprised you wonder that some of the fellow forum visitors changing in close tune with change the regime they are loyal to makes. This is familiar pattern.

        • Amanuel

          Hi Ismail AA,
          Happy festive days to you too!
          I understand but sometimes you wander that why people wouldn’t be rational and ask the right questions, specially those whom you were considering allies in a cause.

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Selam Amanuel And IsmailAA
        wrong, both of you are extremely biased, sorry to say that. I’m still happy the peace rapprochement is taking place, but I have never said “no need of arrangements”; actually I was furious when IA suddenly showed up along with Debrexion and Getachew Reda; I have consistently called for the border demarcation. You guys are beyond belief.
        My latest statement does not negate the fact that I’m happy peace has finally found a place. My latest piece (an extended version is on my FB) is on why the government did not say something about it. The border is not closed, people can still pass with permissions and that is what should have been done. There is no flip-flopping outside your figment of imagination. It is a lie (Kzeb). Of course, I don’t buy your “Eritrea is being sold: nonsense. You are obviously dismayed because TPLF is no more in power. The current border regulation will place security measures that will end loopholes the spoilers were exploiting.
        Amanuel, believe me, you can’t make a dent on me, but keep up with your baseless assault. I’m here. Yes for peace, yes for border regulation, yes for demarcation. Is there anything new? I would not hesitate to tell you I have changed my view, because changing one’s opinion is not abnormal. But my appraisal has not changed. It is on audio video and in written pieces.
        Just because you echo chamber TPLF’s rhetoric, it does not mean others can’t form their own opinions.

        • Amanuel

          Hi MS,
          You were not concern that IA was signing treaties with Abiy, including the opening of the border with out the consultation of other Eritrean ministries or Bayto, but you were furious when he suddenly showed up along with Debrexion and Getachew Reda. That is the difference between me and you.
          My unhappiness about the TPLF loss power in Ethiopian comes from Eritrean long terms interest, at least they have a settled policy. Yes, they have (had) a big problem with the current Eritrean regime but I see that as a temporary problem, as the current Eritrean regime will have a sell by date sooner or later. However, the current or the future leaders of Ethiopia (those we can see in the horizon) have no settled policy about Eritrea as independent country. They say different things to different people. For example, Abiy’s refusal to answer a direct question in Seattle comes to mind.
          You are dismissing my concerns for Eritrean future, but what do you expect me to say, when those who are considered to be future Ethiopian leaders, (at least will be part of the leadership) are briefing their constituency, even quoting time when Eritrea will be part of Ethiopia willingly, and nothing is said from the Eritrean side to correct or deny it. The other day you mentioned about port administration being given to Ethiopia. Did you ask why? Do you think Ethiopians are good enough at port administration comparable to that of Dubai? As far as we know they have had nothing to do with ports except using them in the last 27 years. at least we have some experience managing ports, however how small it is. They might have more borrowed funds to spend but we could borrow and improve our capability.
          Recently Ethiopians are saying they will set up Red Sea based navy. Why now? They haven’t had one for the last 27 years. If they needed could have done it with Djibouti or Sudan. Do you think we need Ethiopian help to defend our Sea or country? Those are the activities that make me nervous as to the Eritrean sovereignty.
          I’m too. Yes for peace, yes for border regulation, yes for demarcation. But I am demanding legitimacy. We had the same treaty with TPLF led Ethiopia in1993 but it didn’t work because it lacked legitimacy. It was done on a rush and hush hush way, and we are witnessing the same process now, even worse.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Aman (Mekusi),

            “However, the current or the future leaders of Ethiopia (those we can see in the horizon) have no settled policy about Eritrea as independent country. ” Good observation from your side. And Indeed, all the so called peace agreement will not secure our sovereignty nor did the Eritrean people will economic benefit out of it, except the mafia group and their demigod. Well argued, brother.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Amanuel; I think you are regressing. The fall of the weyane thugs is killing you lol . you said ” For example, Abiy’s refusal to answer a direct question in Seattle comes to mind.” when was PMAA was in Seattle? I know you don’t get this but some questions better not to be answered. for instance; ask PMAA Addis Abeba belongs to… and see if he can answer you. Again I know you won’t get it but when your TPLF thugs went to war to capture Asseb; you have no problem but when Ethiopians wanted to establish Navy peacefully and you got a problem? Are from Dedebit? you sound like one. You know once Dedebit always dedebit.

          • Semere Tesfai

            Selam Amanuel (the not Hidrat)

            The points you made (to MS) are all valid points; and I commend you for that. So please allow me to interject and say few words.

            1. – “You (MS) were not concerned that IA was signing treaties with Abiy, including the opening of the border without the consultation of other Eritrean ministries or Bayto.”

            I don’t know how much consultations and critical discussions goes within the PFDJ core leadership before any decision that affects us all is made, but I can assure you this is a concern of yours and mine, this is a concern shared in the opposition camp, and this is a concern within the PFDJ camp – call it a common concern and nervousness that cross’ political divides.

            2. – “My unhappiness about the TPLF loss power in Ethiopian comes from Eritrean long terms interest, at least the Woyanes have a settled policy (when it comes to Eritrean independence). Yes, they have (had) a problem with the current Eritrean regime but I see that as a temporary problem.”

            I beg to differ on this one. True, the Woyanes where for Eritrean independence but they took that calculated political position only for their SELFISH reasons – to rule and to exploit Ethiopian resources for the next century – alone. Imagine had the 1993 Eritrean Referendum called decisively for Eritrean UNITY with Ethiopia and the Woyanes had to share their spoil with Eritreans. They wouldn’t have liked that; or would they?
            Anyway; whatever the Woyanes said then and whatever they did to accommodate Eritrea’s independence, was all RECANTED PUBLICLY later. Some recanted on numerous public speeches, some wrote book(s) about it, and some did both – all regretting their support for Eritrean independence in its current form, and all regretting making Ethiopia a landlocked country….. And this is a public record.

            So tell me, how are the Woyanes different from the current Ethiopian leaders on the horizon that you’re concerned about? I don’t know how you see things, but for many of us, the 1998 Badme “border” scrimish was instigated, triggered and widened into an all-out war to achieve one and only one objective: to secure unfettered access to the Red Sea – all by violating and compromising Eritrean sovereignty and territorial integrity.

            3. – “However, the current or the future leaders of Ethiopia (those we can see in the horizon) have no settled policy about Eritrea as independent country. They say different things to different people.”

            That is true; but reversing Eritrean independence or altering Eritrean territorial integrity at this point – after three decades of Eritrean independence, after all these coalitions and alliances Eritrea has made with countries and powers in the region and beyond, and after all these border and bilateral trade treaties with Ethiopia…….. is just wishful thinking.

            4. – “The other day you (MS) mentioned about port administration being given to Ethiopia. Did you ask why? Do you think Ethiopians are good enough at port administration comparable to that of Dubai?

            Again that is a good question. But, but, but……. having said that, there is also another side of the equation we need to understand. Ethiopia is our valuable customer and our valuable investor. Ethiopia is our POTENTIAL best ally and close friend for stable, peaceful, prosperous Eritrea. And most of all providing port services to the northern half of Ethiopia (at least north of Shoa) is a big prize for Eritrea. And that port service prize is a sizable economic slice taken at least from from Djibouti and Kenya, which Eritrea could lose at any time.
            The point: It is in our national interest to maximize our port services to Ethiopia. It is in our national interest to make our port services attractive to Ethiopia. It is in our national interest to make Ethiopia feel valued, respected, consulted, and at home when it uses our port services. And last but not least, it is in our long-term national interest to make Ethiopia a stakeholder and a partner in the process of developing and improving our ports. And I believe, that is the side of the equation that is missing in this discussion.

            5. – “Recently Ethiopians are saying they will set up Red Sea based navy. Why now? They haven’t had one for the last 27 years. If they needed could have done it with Djibouti or Sudan. Do you think we need Ethiopian help to defend our Sea or country? Those are the activities that make me nervous as to the Eritrean sovereignty”

            I understand your concern; and you are not alone. Many Eritreans in the opposition and in the PFDJ camp share your concern. But, but, but…… again

            The SAFETY of Eritrea as a nation, and the Military and economic MIGHT of Ethiopia as a neighbour are not mutually exclusive. Ethiopia doesn’t have to be militarily and economically weak in order Eritrea to be/feel safe. Ethiopia doesn’t have to be divided and fragmented in order Eritrea to be/feel safe. Militarily and economically, Ethiopia could be the most powerful nation on this planet, lead the world in science and technology……. and still be the best friend and the most trusted ally Eritrea ever had/have.

            Amanuel, think for a second: if TINY/SMALL Djibouti can host french, American and Chinese military bases on its territory without feeling any threat to her sovereignty and territorial integrity, why would Eritrea feel threatened by Ethiopian military base? If Eritrea can host (lease land to) UAE for a military base without feeling threatened, why would Eritrea feel threatened by Ethiopian naval base(s)?

            Semere Tesfai

          • Amanuel

            Hi Ato Semere
            Thanks for your fair & constructive comment. How every I disagree with some of your conclusions.
            1) I agree not much consultation is going on before a decision is made. As we know the last time the Bayto or PFDJ central committee met was in 2001. However, do we have to just say we are concern and accept the status-quo or at least make our voice heard and demand legitimacy? “The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing.”
            2) I don’t think TPLF support for Eritrean self determination was tactical decision. They could have complicated it by not cooperating after 1991 and it would have been a bit difficult for us diplomatically, as it is our weakest point, but would not have stopped Eritrean independence. On another side it would have got them more acceptance by the Ethiopian public in general, specially Amara elite. I visited Ethiopia in 1992, and TPLF just freed the country from the brutal Derg (of course with the help of EPLF), but the general public, specially Amara elites were not appreciative of the sacrifices, but full of hatred that TPLF sold Eritrea. As the result of this decision no one gave them the benefit of doubt. The odds were always stuck agains them and they didn’t help them selves by being greedy. If you noticed their popularity was high among the diaspora Ethiopian elites during the boarder war.
            3) I agree reversing Eritrean independence by force is impossible, but weakening Eritrea as a country, economically, politically and militarily by making Eritrea depended on Ethiopian will result in slippery slop situation, specially when the keybahrachen mantra is gaining traction in Ethiopia. I think Ethiopians need another decade to earn Eritreans trust.
            At last not least my question is that why are the good men of Eritrea chose to be observers when very important decisions about our nations is taken by one man?

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Aman (Mekusi),

            You are always on the right truck, brother. Your argument is always rational and palpable. Pls keep up.👍

          • Semere Tesfai

            Selam Amanuel (not the Hidrat)

            1. – In today’s Eritrea “not much consultation is going on before a decision is made……. Do we have to just say we are concern and accept the status-quo or at least make our voice heard and demand legitimacy? “The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing.”

            Of course the choice is very obvious. Voicing our concern – be publicly or privately is not enough. It is about time to demand other voices to be heard and it is time some new faces to appear and have active role in our government.
            One party rule, with a permanent leadership at the core leads to political stagnation; which leads to doing the same thing over and over and over again – hoping to achieve different result. Which is not good to say the least.

            2. – ” I don’t think TPLF support for Eritrean self determination was tactical decision. They could have complicated it by not cooperating after 1991 and it would have been a bit difficult for us diplomatically.”

            True; but also, during the referendum years, without having Eritrea (EPLF) on their side or with a warfront in their north (which would’ve been more likely than not), it would’ve been next to impossible for them to have full control of Ethiopia and govern.

            3. – And had they stood against Eritrean independence “it would have got them more acceptance by the Ethiopian public in general, specially Amara elite. In 1992, after the defeat of the brutal Derg the general Ethiopian public, specially Amara elites were not appreciative of the sacrifices, but full of hatred towards TPLF because the Ethiopian elite felt TPLF sold Eritrea.”

            And that is exactly what they did (promised to the Ethiopian people to break Eritrea’s spine and bring back Assab) after they consolidated their grip on power. And that political position was exactly that made them Ethiopians overnight, and that political position was exactly that got them the legitimacy to govern Ethiopia. And until the day the sun set on them, they’ve used Eritrea as the boogeyman of Ethiopia.

            And mind you: to this second the Woyane bigwigs and their Tigrean political elite (AgAzian or not AgAzian) were never, and still never are, comfortable and supportive-of Eritrean sovereignty and Eritrean territorial integrity, the way you and I envision Eritrea and its demographic makeup. And that says a lot about them!

            4. – “Last but not least my question is that why are the good men & women of Eritrea chose to be observers when very important decisions about our nations is being taken by one man?

            ተዓዛባይ ምዃን ከም ምርጫ ስለዝተወስደ ኣይኮነን ሰብ ትም ዝብል፡ ምርጫ ስለ ዝሰኣነ እዩ። ጣይታ ጣፍ ተመኒኻ፡ ጣይታ ዘንገዳኻ ኣይትጉሕፍን ኢኻ። ሓድሽን ዝበለጸን ዓራት ምስ ገዛእካ ኢኻ፡ ነቲ ዝኣረገ ዓራትካ ትጉሕፍ።

            Therefore, most people are content with the current PFDJ leadership simply because there is no better alternative. Today, any pragmatic person (Eritrean) would tell you, change is going to come, and that change is definitely going come from inside Eritrea. Meaning the successor of Isaias Afewerki is going to be one of his senior/junior lieutenants. And that is not going make happy to almost all the folks in the Eritrean opposition camp.

            Amanuel: It is kind getting late on my time zone. Thank you for engaging and thank you for all the respect.
            Have a nice weekend

            Semere Tesfai

          • Amanuel

            Hi Ato Semere,
            Let’s agree to disagree on the TPLF issue and move on to the important topic of Eritrean domestic politics.
            ኣነ ጣይታ ጣፍ ጥራይ ይትምነ የለኹን። ኣነ ጣፍ ንዝራእሞ ጣይታ ጣፍ ክንበልዕ እየ ዝብል ዘለኹ።
            I always read your comments with interest because you are an able writer and skilled debater, even though you write for the status-quo. However, that didn’t influence change and I think it is about time you write for change.
            If I am not mistaken you are PFDJ supporter, not sure if you are a member or not. If you are a member, right now what Eritrea expect from you and other members is to call for organisational congress and demand meaningful change, to include the following amongst them
            1) Have a constitutional government
            2) Free all prisoners of conscience
            3) Invite all Eritreans to participate in their country political, Social and economical development, with out any precondition.

            I agree change or reform won’t satisfy every one but a lot of people will be behind it, including opposition members if they can see the light at the end of the tunnel.
            Have a nice day.
            Amanuel

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Amanuel,

            Allow me to join you calling Semere Tesfai, and many equipped advocates of the regime and what it represents in their views like him, because I noticed your call projects profound political pragmatism and personal sincerity. I say this in the light of the truism that once history takes a turn controlling the direction of political dynamics that get unleashed is not possible. Existing authority of a state may use the surveillance and control facilities in the short term, but become inefficaceous as time moves on.

            What we watching in Eritrea and larger region is shaping up historic buildup of momentum of peoples’ aspirations in the countries of the region for freeing themselves from yokes of declining systems of oppression. Sudan has become hot bed, and reflecting worrisome news to the regime next door in Eritrea, after somehow could temporarily wade through the changes in Ethiopia due to commonality of adversities the EPRDF coalition shared with the regime, namely, the pending border conflict that proved devastating in terms of human and economic costs.

            Thus, in my view, your call on the regime supporters or the status quo as you have described it, is prudent and timely. They should appreciate that the regime has over stayed and becoming heavy burden on them and history that is shaping up while they look on. They should seek place for their stakes in future rather in the untenable present. It’s nature of things that the old should make space for the new, and wisdom have it that it is useless to waste their seeds in a barren field. Our regime supporter compatriots are facing pretty challenging choice.

          • Hope

            Selam Aman:

            You shamelessly and “ignorantly”(to test the waters as to how you feel when bitten” a bit )said:

            “My unhappiness about the TPLF loss power in Ethiopian comes from Eritrean long terms interest, at least they have a settled policy. Yes, they have (had) a big problem with the current Eritrean regime but I see that as a temporary problem, as the current Eritrean regime will have a sell by date sooner or later”.

            Are you in your right mind to tell us that the TPLF has a “settled’ policy” on Eritrea and defends its Independence and Sovereignty’?

            I think a Second Grader Eritrean kid can give you a crash course on that.

            “…..as the current Eritrean regime will have a sell by date sooner or later

            “.
            Well, guess what?
            If PIA succeeds to sell Eritrea or put it ‘FOR SALE” sooner than later, it is ONLY our collective failure for allowing him to do so, not that of PIA alone or that of MS.

          • sara

            Hope habibna..

            just curious, do you have any idea haw many of of awate forumers went to Mekele university?

      • Peace!

        Hi Amanuel,

        I think እዚ ሰብ ምዝንጣል ኣመል እንዳኾነካ ይመጽእ ኣሎ and it is boring. If MS supported unregulated border movement, you can easily quote him and make your case? I know he is more than capable of defending himself, but just to point out that your aggressive gotcha attitude is not helpful at all.

        Peace!

      • Hope

        Selam Aman:

        Are U one of the ‘Under-cover’ Awate Moderators?

        if I say the following irrespective of my new or old status, what is the problem, besides being a PERFECT opinion and suggestion?

        “:Ethio-Eritrean relations are now past honeymoon. Great to see them entering the realm of practicality. Porous borders and unregulated movements of peoples and goods serve only the Day-time-hyenas, they encourage illegal activities. The border was open without the needed arrangements. I’m hoping this will encourage the two countries to be serious about a lot of things, including the issues of immigration and customs and other security-related matters.”

        I guess this is a routine rotten and back ward an Eritrean Political Culture,..

        The fight form last week reminds me about an incident I witnessed in 177-78 at Bloko Hashela where few Young ELF coming through Beggu-Juffa-Hager as the ELF was banned form going thru Keren. and EPLF Fighters/Tegadelti having a heated argument unnecessarily to extent of loading their AK-47 against each other but ONLY to save them from killing each other when an elderly gentleman from the Hashela -rushed and stood between them .

        I was NOT surprised after that incident to easily witness the brutal and devastating civil war three-four years later.

        I think Semere Andom stated that fact that Eritreans easily disagree among themselves to the extent of killing each other if they “get that opportunity”,hence, our failure to achieve and to claim what belongs to us by being easy victims and preys of the Brutal Regime, who knows well the Eritreans Psych…. as it is so easy for Eritreans ” To disagree NOT to agree”.

        You confidently declared and quoted your Comrade in Arms by saying:

        “People were asking why the rush, but you chose to go with the flow and you were accusing them spoilers of the peace process. Now you are flip-flopping and pretending you were not the cheer leader of the short lived free movement.”

        Not sure about this as it implies that MS is for a keidi-albo and high risk cross-border movement.
        But here is the fact from the other party:
        -The Opposition camp has been blaming the PFDJ for blocking the border and for the shoot to kill policy but when the same PFDJ opened the border, it is /the PFDJ being accused for doing this as part of the MEDDEMER Agenda so that Eritreans can empty Eritrea.But then now only to blame the same PFDJ after it is attempting to control that Keidi-albo and Illegal as well as a chaotic cross-border movement”.
        I call these people Not Only Flip-floppers but Hypocrites and aim less shooters.

    • Haile S.

      Selam Mahmoud,

      I had to pull out an earlier article to reach you. Had your article been posted here, it would have been easier, just saying.

      ሰላም ማሕሙድ፡

      ሎሚ ዘቕረብካዮ “ብኽብረትኩም- ሓበረታ፡ ሓበረታ—ከበር ሀቡና, info-please” ዝብል ኣርእስቱ ሓተታ ዝሓቆፎም ሓሳባት ፋሕ ብዝበለ መልክዕ፡ ብዝተፈላለዩ ዜጋታት ዝግለጹ ዋላ እኳ እንተኾኑ፡ ሎሚ ንስኻ ጸሚቑካ ዘቕረብካዮም፡ ሕማም ሃገርና ብገፊሑን ብሓጺሩ ዝድህስሱ፡ ኣብ ውሽጢ ሃገርን ኣብ ወጻእን ንዘሎ ህዝቢ ድምጺ ንኸስምዕ ዝጋብዝ መደረ ስለ ዝኾነ ክንበብን ክድገፍን ክትግበርን ዝግብኦ እዩ።
      ናትካ ጽሑፍን ወቐሳን ከም ናይ ካልኦት ኣብ ወጻኢ ዝጽሓፉን፡ ነቲ ዝበዝሕ ህዝቢ ኣብ ኤርትራ ዝርከብ ክበጽሑን ዘይክእሉን እዮም። ከምቲ ዝበልካዮ፡ እዞም ማዕከናት ዜናን ናይ ክትዕ ኣደባባይን “ማእከላዊ መልእኽቲ ከመሓላፉ ኣይከኣሉን” ዝበልካዮ፡ ሕጂ ናኣብነት ንስኻ ጽሑፍካ ብመስከረም ወብሳይት፡ ብዙሕ ህዝቢ የንብቦ እዩ ኢልካ ስለዝገመትካ ይኸውን፡ ክትዝግሖ መሪጽካ። ካልእ ምኽንያት እውን ይህልወካ። እዞም ብጣዕሚ ኣገደስትን ጠቐምትን ጽሑፋት ናይ ኣብ ኤርትራ ዘለዉ ኤርትራውያን ንኽበጽሑ ከንብብዎምን፡ ኣብ ወጻኢ ዘለዉ ኤርትራውያን እውን፡ ብዘይ ናተይን ናይ ‘ጸላእየይን’ ምፍልላይ ካይተበከሉ ከንብብዎምን እንታይ ክግበር ኣለዎ ኢልካ ትግምት?

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Ahlen HailatS
        Thank you, buddy, U know this place (awate.com) is another home to me. It have nothing to do with websites. Fortunately, I have nothing but an appreciation for all who are trying to create spaces for us, no matter how strongly we disagree. It is written in Tigrigna, you guys can check it out at meskerem. I will post it later today on my FB page—those who are have not befriended me, just type the same name in the FB search engine. I will post it today or tomorrow, I’m also planning to have it out in audio form, but as is the case, time is the culprit. Thank you HaileS. I slept early yesterday so I could not sleep tonight. after checking some news, I decided to compose some ideas that have been itching me.

        • Haile S.

          Selamat Mahmoud,

          Take your time and rest well, but I am expecting your input to the question I asked you. I will add some in the form of additional comment now. Reading your comment, it seems our regime is playing government-government (መንግቲ-መንግስቲ). I will explain. I don’t know about people who were raised in villages, but those of us from cities, in our childhood, we use to play ገዛ ገዛ ንጻወት, i.e we build toy-houses, divide it to bedroom and kitchen, we put some mini-beds and utensils, some of us play the father, a girl a mother, the rest children. We mimicked our mothers and fathers and play our own role as children. We use to get married, bear children. All these in a morning or an afternoon. Our regime has been playing government-government for the last >2 decades, where everything doesn’t stop from diminishing contrary to our game where we we were growing in a day. Compared to the provincial ministries that existed during Hailesellasie times, the ministries of independent Eritrea look like a department of that old ministry. You know the history of higher education…. It is amazing to see a regime getting proud of establishing one (እንኮ) faculty of medicine after almost 2 decades of INDEPENDENCE as if it were establishing it in the undergrounds of Nakfa. At the time Nakfa war, they had all the reasons to be proud of establishing underground clinics and operation rooms. That was phenomenal. One expects that fervent enthusiasm and bravery to grow from ground into a country, not vice versa. That is the reason it becomes important that the pertinent criticisms expressed in this and other forums become available to Eritreans at home to inculcate (not that they don’t know it) and awaken them that we have largely went beyond Nakfa. The regime never stops from reminding them about Nakfa as if it was just yesterday. Because the regime knows very well it did not move the country a meter from Nakfa times. I come to the same question asking what are the means available to make citizens at home have access to information and debates. And I defer to you some of the questions Berhe asked me this morning on my debate with Emma, mainly, are there receptive people within the regime and party that can contemplate the paralysis they are responsible for and able to do something about it?

          • Mahmud Saleh

            selam HaileS
            ከም ዝመስለኒ፡ “ነዚ ንሕና ንጽሕፎን ንካተዓሉን ነገራት ናብ’ቶም ኣብ ውሽጢ ሃገር ዘለዉ ኤርትራውያን መታን ክባጻሕ እንታይ ክግበር ኣለዎ” ዝብል እዩ። መቸም ናይ communication ክኢላ ኣይኮንኩን ግን ብዘለኒ ሓበረታ፥
            1. ጽሑፋትን ራድዮን ይበጽሕ እዩ። ትሕዝቶ እዩ ዝውስኖ። ካብ ዘለኒ ሓበረታ፡ ኣብ ኤርትራ ዘለዉ ዜጋታትና መደረታት (lectures) ክሰምዑ ኣይደልዩ; ከም ኣገልገልትን በራዩን ተገይሮም ክግለጹ ኣይደልዩን፡ ብዛዕባ ድሕነት ሃገሮም ይግደሱ እዮም፡ ለውጢ ክመጽእ ይደፍኡ እዮም። ቪድዮታት ወይ accessibility to audiovisual is very limited due to the bandwidth. ኣብ ውሱን ቦታታ ግን wi-fi ኣሎ።
            2. ጽሑፋተይ ይኹን እዚ ኣብ ዓዋተ ንገብሮ ክትዓት ይከታተልዎ እዮም። እተን ኣብ ቁጽሪ ሓደ ዝጠቐስክወን መዳያት ከማልእ ግን ይሕብሩ። በቲ ብዝተፈላለየ ቻነላት ዝመጸኒ ግብሪ-መልሲ ክርእዮ ከለኹ፡ ኣተባባዒ ኣንባቢ ከምዘሎ ግምት ኣለኒ፡ ኣዝዩ ብሱልክ ዝኾነ መልሰግብርታት እውን ይመጸኒ እዩ። ካልኦት ጸሓፍቲ እውን አትመሳሳሊ ተመክሮ ከምዘለዎም ኣይስሕትን።
            3. ዝያዳ accessible ክኸውን እንታይ ክግበር ኣለዎ ንዝብል ግን ነቶም ቅድስመይ ንዓመታት ዝሰርሑሉ እገድፎ፡ ግን ከም ርኢቶይ፡ ሎሚ ኤርትራዊ ርኢቶ እንዳተቐራረበ እዩ ዝመጽእ ዘሎ፡ ለውጢ ከምዘድሊ ባዕላቶም ኣባላት ህግድፍ ይደፍኡሉ ኣለዉ፡ ለውጢ ምምጽኡ ኣይተርፍን እዩ። ሓቛፍን ዓይነታውን ክኸውን ግን ኩልና ኣእጃምና ንግበር፡ ንመኻኸር። ምትፍናን ኣይጠቐመናን። እቲ ኣብ ወጻኢ ተደሊቡ ዘሎ ናይ mass media ተመክሮ ቀሊል ኣይኮነን። እቲ ሕቶ ብኸመይ መገዲ ስሙር መልእኽቲ ይሓዝልን ብኸመይ ምስ’ቲ ኣብ ኤርትራ ዘሎ ኩነታት ይቃነን ዝብል እዩ። ግድን ኣይኮነን ኩላትና ሓደ ዓይምነት ርኢቶ ክህልወና ግን እቲ ሃገራውን ደሞክራስያውን ድምጺ ሓዪሉ ዝወጸሉን ከም ማእከል ስሕበት (center of gravity) ናይ እቲ diverse political ecosystem ይኸውን እዩ እቲ ዓቢ ሕቶ። ዝኸውን እንተዝኸውን፡ ሓለፍቲ ናይ’ዘን ዓበይቲ መርበባት ክጋብኡን ንኹሉ ውልቃዊ ጸገማቶም ምእንቲ ሃገር ኢሎም ንጎድኒ ገዲፎም፡ ሓደ coordinating task force ከቁሙ ምተመነኹ። ዝጠፍኦም ኣይኮነን፡ ክብገሱሉ ክርኢ ተስፋ እገብር።
            ዎ ዳሓንካ- ዓቢ ሰብ።

          • Haile S.

            Mahmoud,
            Thank you for the prompt response and good feedback. One additional reason for my pressing on the issue is that recently i fell on the magazine know by the name መንእሰይ men’sey printed 4 times a year in Eritrea and read some of it expecting to read somethimng insidiously catching, but realized that it is just a pure PFDJ mouthpiece that doesn’t contain freely expressed subjects and titles let alone opinions. Having said that. If what you said is true, it just need a big push and link with the outside world to boost the need for change.
            Thanks again

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Ahlen HaileS
            I tend to believe it is true. The folks I communicate with are not interested in partisan politics; they want to see normalcy coming to our country. But as you would expect it the sample may not be representative due to generational and background biases. Anyway, the central message is that we need to tailor our messages to click with the majority of Eritreans.
            BTW: I had an interview with radio Erena and its first part has been aired today. If you are interested, it is somewhat related to the piece I penned.
            Gracias.

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Haile and ustaz Mahmoud,

            Interesting and sober exchange. Information traffic between the vital forces of change inside and outside vital of change is abundantly crucial. Trying to explain it otherwise would gross understatement. But, in my view there is a missing link that impedes normalizing relations and closing ranks on the diaspora side of the equation so the message to the homeland side would be uniform that can address and promote one common mission. To reach there a new convergence point is needed.

            The opinion make forces should move from current positions. Those who are counted on, or let me say suspected, regime advocacy realm should draw a line on what they have been doing thus far and come to the convergence point. Those who are counted on the opposition advocacy front should do the same and move from current trenches and come to center and meet the others at convergence point. I do not think there is a second alternative that can respond to the call of the hour, I should say.

          • Haile S.

            Selamat Ismail,
            Absolutely agree with what you said. It is the distilled part of what we ferment on this and other forums. Back in May/June 2018, Beyan and I after confirming with SGJ (through this forum) his willingness to discuss political situation of our country with the opposite camp, had separately attempted to contact some of the big players in that camp. I on my side did reach out to one through an intermediary. The response I got was a nice quasi-NO. It was the eve of of the situation that unfolded between Ethiopia and Eritrea. I wasn’t surprised nor completely discouraged by the response I got. I don’t consider the door closed. Perhaps the prolonged waiting for PIA-clouds will convince people to open their gates for listening to other voices. Beyan-N, where are you?

          • Ismail AA

            Dear Haile,

            Indeed, dear, where are you Beyan, Yohannes, Haile TG and lots of them when we need you most? People in duress do not afford to wait and make call of the hour sound. I think Eritrean on both sides of the equation relative to the despot are running out of time. At the end of the story both will be losers when the despot have played all his cards in the interest of satiating his sick ego.

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Selam Ustaz IsmailAA
            I agree. There is nothing to add to the point you made. Time permitted and if the thread continues, I will try to rejoin, and see if I could add anything.

  • AMAN

    Such a media that has partly or totaly missed
    its purposes and aims could be so as damaging
    as a nuclear, atomic or any other conventional
    war machine or bomd to cause so much damage
    to any society to world peace, social progress and even to humanity itself on our planet. That
    is the reason why we all the citizens of the planet
    need to prevail over them and their irresponsible
    actions.

  • AMAN

    It had only ended up serving the few and the
    previledged leaving the majority peoples behind
    completely missing its purpose and mission
    as media

  • AMAN

    That is the reason behind why my next book
    release will not be only online but in all the
    Printing / publications and the electronic
    mediums included and may be in all Audio,
    video and script / text formats as well. I believe
    this method will better serve the people better
    than the previous method which not only failed
    to serve the people or its own purposes
    but might also have spinned it out of
    context and control and even lead dialogues
    and communicatilns into dangerous territory
    and damaging to society and social progress
    in its even 1st attempt to take the spot.

  • AMAN

    I have seen many falling victim and end up
    being confused and paralysed for sich vicious
    or dangerous news / info releases through the
    electronic media fully consuming them without
    knowing for what purpose they originated of,
    where they originated from or who owns and
    released them.
    I had been warning about it many times but
    ignored and criticised as anti free speech
    crusader often times.

  • AMAN

    The other advantage of it is also the younger
    ones (generations) and those who do not have
    the habit of reading books or the print media
    but only pick up one or two liner sentences from
    the online electronic media in hasty and hurry
    will notvend up being confused or fall prey due
    to their actions to some damaging releases
    online.

  • AMAN

    Dear Awates
    I was about to release my 4th book online like before on the 1st day of the new year but I
    decided to postpone the day of release to
    also augument it with old style book print and
    publications to include those who do not have
    priviledge and immediate and fast access to the internet world to the ongoing discussions about
    National affairs.
    2. There is also a large section of intellectuals
    and commentators that still favour the print
    media and book reading to the electronic one.
    So I am asking readers for suggestions here
    on the questionare posted below about the it.

  • Blink

    Dear readers
    The free and unregulated border crossing with Ethiopia is closing and you need a federal paper from Ethiopia and also a permit from Eritrea in order to cross to Ethiopia. Afar road region road to Tigray is closed and the security situation may go all gangster mode . It seems the unregulated market between Eritrea and Ethiopia is coming to an end . An Eritrean who wanted to travel from Ethiopia to Eritrea doesn’t need to have any paper but he will be registered when crossing.

    • Hope

      Aheln Gen Blink:
      I read the BELATED GOOD NEWS everywhere.
      But kind of ‘Dihri mai nab BeAti though as the damage has been done.
      Do you think this could the gen Sibhat Efrem effect, confirming the rumors that the TPLF might be behind the Gen’s assassination Attempt?
      very thing is possible and to avoid such terrible things and outcome besides the keidi-albo new Exodus of Eritreans, we lamented abou this and appealed seriously to the PFDJ Gov to control and monitor this unchecked and keidi-albo cross border-activities.
      You get what you see!

      • Blink

        Dear Hope
        I agree with what you put , it is like the ashtray crowded with air swimming a gaping of awkward silence and the stenches of an opposition own brand cooks. The past months was like a glowing light from our opposition activists PC , words running through all their Facebook, Twitter and other things all about making the case “ Amhara “ are running as if we don’t know they ( opposition) weren’t callping for weyane hand picked talking points of the year.

        By far all dumped , I would like to say Happy new year to Fanti Ghana the humble guy because I think he only can travel to Eritrea without any permit. What a year ?

  • Brhan

    Salamat AT

    Thanks for reporting

    The the fleeing of the Eritreans to Ethiopia is also demonstration, What people are not able to express their opposition against the many policies of the regime in the streets of Asmara , are able to do it in the camps of enda ab guna, in the streets of Geneva, New York, Melbourne, Ottawa, Cairo, London and etc

    In the Sudan , now , Beshir has received a formal message to leave power . At least people inside of the Sudan are expressing their opinion to their government. In Eritrea one man has done it recently and we know his destiny…why did his message was not echoed in the streets?

    Who does demonstrations? the youth and where are our youth?

    The regime has had a policy of emptying the cities and towns from the youth where they are hostage in the unlimited Agelglot and this policy has also a domino effect ተሰደድ ኣይትበሎ ከምዝስደድ ግበሮ . This is one of the regime’s dirtiest policies!

  • AMAN

    It is a difficult world
    to understand it, Man
    May God help!

  • AMAN

    And I do not hold any grudges on anyone
    whether they said bad or not to me . And
    I do not blame anybody for what i knowingly
    have done. I have forgiven even those I was
    angry with or hated at that moment long time
    ago. I swear to God. He is my witness.
    Anyway, sorry for all the mishaps I caused on
    this forum or other media. I was sometimes
    playing with emotions and views of some
    which I wrongly thought they are my younger,
    and wrongly thought they were playing me
    while they were seriously facing and executing
    their tasks. I sincerly owe them a big appology.
    And ask to forgive me now.

  • AMAN

    If the majority said them they were /are wrong
    and only me say they were /are right and still
    convinced, I better accept the majorities
    judgement and make myself wrong and accept
    all the responsibilities and consequence for
    what I said and expressed. And happy to
    accept it so that i be on the side of the majority.
    Majority rules and minority has right. An eternal
    truth.

  • AMAN

    And so thus
    I would like to ask appologies of those who
    are offended or feel wronged and transgressed
    by me ( my opinions andacts on Awate).
    I ask your appology for the attitude that offended
    you or the wrongs you think done to you by me,
    but I stand by the reasons I held when I was
    making or made those opinions and views which
    are criticised and deemed or said wrong now. Up
    until now or this time I am not still not sure they
    were wrong but I do not want to be or feel free
    while most or many others are held in jails and
    detentions for the same issue at hand. If

  • AMAN

    We all make mistakes once or twice or may be
    more in our lifetime, but we Shouldn’t in anyway
    stop living. Everything cannot be according to
    our wishes and plans in life in this world and
    has been that way since Adam and Eves time.
    It cannot be any different just for us in our time.

  • AMAN

    …one who says you have to talk only what I
    like so my best advise is for people not to
    get angry and debate their views and opinions
    in a cool way.
    Cool people make better impact on a system
    when it goes wrong than others who like to
    use force or violence which normally brings
    new and adds problems

  • AMAN

    Naturally, I do not like to talk to anyone who
    doesn’t like to talk to me. Actually, I like it
    that way but hey I don’t have to willingly surrender and give up my rights of free speech
    when it is provided to me by Awate or others.
    I am not a hating person and one who says

  • AMAN

    You all have a good night.
    See you all tommorow with
    other issues…. Bye.

  • AMAN

    I think you are agreeing with what I mean
    if you are not responding or opposing my
    views, so i will close the political debates
    here and shelve the file and go immediately
    to 2019 agendas.
    Sorry if in case I sound yelling or loud which I
    do not mean it in a bad way it was only because
    I wanted to make my voice heared in the crowd
    but will not happen any more.

  • AMAN

    I do not care how high your level of pride is and where it is coming from you cannt demean or
    dehumanize and beat down people.
    And check this out,
    If you are so proud for talking the talk
    there are people HERE who walk the walk. !!
    Peace !!

  • AMAN

    So thus lets all be real, professional and
    the ones that measure up to the values we
    claim are worth of.

  • AMAN

    Anyways, this refers only to the past that is to the previous Year/s and means nothing to me now
    except to let you know your and the purposes and actions of your work which i do not want it
    to happen again in anyway and want not to be
    distracted of my work and my life as a result of
    some misguided actions and preachings.

  • AMAN

    Note :
    That was meant only to those who were
    playing games and the GAME. And not
    to those who were not players.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam AMAN,

      If you don’t mind, why don’t collect and compile your thoughts together, than flooding with statement after statements, in order your readers to make sense of out it and engage you?

      • AMAN

        Good idea i like to do that if disqus helps

  • AMAN

    …and more upon request.
    Hope you didnt waste your precious time and
    20 + years in vain….
    Yours truly,
    AMANIEL PAULOS / AMAN
    Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

  • AMAN

    Awates,
    I am here today
    As 2019 enters the calendar
    to say,
    GAME OVER TO YOU
    and Good Bye !
    I am happily retiring from my public service
    that I gave my Nation for the last 2 decades
    and hope you have benefited out of it.
    It is a different post struggle era of peace now,
    thus you know what I mean… .
    Living life in a different way in retirement.
    And the above was only a pen name. My real
    full name is AMANIEL PAULOS and more…

  • iSem

    Hi AT:
    It is about time that the regime in Sudan to go its eternal repose. And not with peace to it, but hope peace to the people of Sudanese people
    The Salvation Revolution has over-lasted the average Sudanese regime change. And the reason for this longevity is Bashir rendered the Sudanese army like the Eritrean army by creating a sub-force that is loyal to him and a general has no more power, the people’s army became Bashir’s army
    In June 2019, the regime will celebrate its 30 anniversary and I was in the middle of.
    And as Hayat narrated about how the dictators fool the gullible people, many newly minters minister of Bashir rolled their sleeves and were paving roads with the workers to appear that they were from the people and they popularized the slogan: ” the corrupt multi-party system….”
    Sudan has was given 60 years to create a true nation, but it was marred with tribal politics, with one or coalition of two tribe dominating and benefiting from the country’s resources
    It looks like Sudan will further splinter.The Baja movement will be resurrected, the Darful liberation forces will be rejuvenated until Qauter or some oil reach Arab countries pays them off to screw themselves. All these will impact Eritrea and its politics as Eritrea under PFD will definitely meddle in the Eastern politics and even in the Darfur as they ally with Arab country that will be involved there
    I wish good luck to the people as they fight the regime of Bashir and hope they brace for the disntegration of their threaded nation that has failed to create true nation under the rule of law and due process. Most people do not know that there are over 80 language and tribes in Sudan and from the Nuba to the South to Darful to Housa all are forced to assimilate and made to be ashamed about their language and heritage
    And a county that enslaves what it calls its own will never have the longevity and it is for Sudan to med or receive the wrath of its crimes
    In short all this to say that wobbling and the violent demonstration because of inflation are mere symptoms that swaddle deeper problems with long history of repression and mistreatment that is medieval in their iplementation

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Sem,

      Welcome back and happy holidays to you and your family. Here is the intriguing politics in Eritrea in the context of a swifting changes in the Horn: Even if the whole region swifted with changes, Eritrea with its demigod will remain isolated resisting the storm of change that comes from all its corner. That is how I see the decimal commitment of the Eritrean people for change. Just watch how directly and indirectly defend this oppressive regime and give all excuses even on things that are detrimental to our sovereignty. Good to see you back.