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EU, UN, US: 10-15 Million Ethiopians Need Food Assistance

After reeling in from the 2015-2016 catastrophic drought, the worst in 50 years according to USAID [1], that depleted food stocks and left millions on need for food aid, Ethiopia is facing yet another humanitarian crisis that is causing millions to leave their homes. The state-controlled and the highly partisan private media have not pursued a full and objective coverage or gave a clear assessment of the magnitude of the crisis.

A glimpse into this crisis was presented by a CNN report that aired on Feb 19, 2019 [2]. It featured Ethiopian migrants fleeing violence and extreme poverty to Saudi Arabia despite the risk of crossing the war zones of Yemen, a country torn apart by civil war exacerbated by external military interventions, cholera, and famine. The report cited Organization for Migration (IOM) estimates that each month about 20,000 migrants attempt the journey in search for a better life.

According to Internal Displacement Monitoring Center (IDMC) figures [3], shown below, the number of displaced people in Ethiopia has doubled to the current 2.8 million since the tectonic shift in the political landscape of Ethiopia that resulted in PM Abiy taking office in April of 2018.

Amid rising ethnic tensions and violence that is tearing apart the fabric of the multi-ethnic Ethiopian society, the international aid workers broach the politically sensitive crisis with caution so as not to jeopardize their ability to continue to do their work.  However, their publicly available reports shed some light into the depth of the crises in some remote regions, which are out of sight of major urban areas that, by contrast, have seen a seeming real estate construction boom in the last decade. The affected areas are inhabited mostly by disfranchised ethnic groups, and their plight have not garnered international media attention. Still, the following reports paint a dire picture of the looming humanitarian crisis that is gripping Ethiopia today.

  • The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs [4] annual report issued  on Jan 31, 2019 states that “the level of humanitarian needs in 2019 will remain similar to 2018 mainly due to mass internal displacements in various parts of the country, and related humanitarian and protection needs.” The report indicated that “some 11 million people in drought, flood and conflict-affected areas of the country were assisted”.
  • On Dec 12, 2018, the EU Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, Christos Stylianides, while visiting Ethiopia said in a statement that €89 million in humanitarian aid were provided to help internal displaced Ethiopians [5]. In describing the ongoing humanitarian crisis, the statement stated that recently. “close to 3 million people have fled inter-communal violence and conflict.”The statement further added:“Recovering from two successive droughts, an estimated 7.8 million people are in need of emergency food assistance, in addition to 7.9 million that are considered chronically vulnerable. Growing ethnic violence is currently the biggest driver of displacement.”
  •  The USAID country fact sheet on Ethiopia [1] highlighted that, as of Jan 2019, 2.9 million people remain displaced. Currently, the number of people requiring emergency and non-emergency food assistance reached 9.5 million and 8 million, respectively. In 2018, there were some 4.5 million cases with acute malnutrition.

As of January 2019, in response to the $1.49 billion appeal by Ethiopia and UN, the US committed $492.5 million, a third of the appeal amount, and the balance was committed by other donors.

For now, experts do not expect these emergencies to turn into famine because Ethiopia, in coordination with international organization, has put in place an early warning system and a rapid response food assistance program. For the last six decades, food insecurity remained a perennial threat that has dogged Ethiopia to secure basic needs for its people.

Moreover, Ethiopia is also burdened by the influx of refugees from neighboring countries. According to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Ethiopia hosts about 906,000 refugees, primarily from Eritrea, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, and Yemen [6].

In Jan 2018, Ethiopia implemented the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) [7] it signed in Sept 2016 and expanded refugees’ legal rights and granted them access to national services such as primary education and financial institutions, and the ability to obtain work permits and driving license. The CRRF, signed by 193 member states, calls for the respect of human rights of refugees and migrants. To improve their living conditions until they are able to voluntarily return to their home countries, it aims at integrating them in the communities to become self-reliant and contributing members to local economies hosting them. It attempts to make refugee camps an exception and a temporary measure in cases of emergencies.

In the past years, the UNHCR has managed to secure funding only for half of its budgeted operational requirement in Ethiopia which amounted to $166 million for 2018.

Reference

[1] Ethiopia – Complex Emergency, Fact Sheet
[2] The Ethiopian migrants braving Yemen’s war to find a better life in Saudi Arabia
[3] Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) 2018 Mid-year Report
[4] Ethiopia: Humanitarian Response Situation Report No. 20 (January 2019)
[5] EU steps up support for Ethiopia: emergency aid for refugees, internally displaced people and to tackle natural disasters
[6] Ethiopia: Country Refugee Response Plan
[7] Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework

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Correcting the Focus of Eritrea Focus

An “Open Letter” by Mr.  Habte Hagos of Focus Eritrea was sent to awate.com to …

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam Awatistas,

    The current situation of Eritrea can be described as follows: With the despot submitting the keys of his kingdom to the Ethiopian leader, Eritrea with its internal autonomy became the “tributary state” of Ethiopia. A new “suzerainty relationship” in the making in our region. What do you think on this new relationship? Are you familiar about it? Is it worth in the context of the Eritrean people’s aspiration? What is your say?

    • Peace!

      Hi Emma,

      He is a brutal dictator and he will continue to destroy it as long as it adds even one day to his life. However, the main question should be why Eritreans are confined to M’quzam Teray while their country is being destroyed? I think it is time to assess the achievements and short comings of the struggle to effect change. What we are witnessing is mainly the result of our short comings otherwise the Ertirean dictator is not different than others. Why small country like Eritrea has over 16+ opposition groups; why some Eritreans continue to support the dictator despite the fact that he has proven to be the worst enemy to the country? Why TPLFled Ethiopia was not pressed to help Eritrean cause and be a reliable partner instead of apologizing for its destructive role? The list goes on….Issaya Himam Eyu Natu Tenki Kaa Alewo!

      Peace!

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Dear Peace,

        Who will disagree on your characterization of “MiQzam” to the opposition camp? I don’t think anyone will. The rest of your question, I don’t have the answer, except I see lack of leadership that could rally the entire population.

    • Selamat Ayya Amanuel Hidrat,

      It is all power and it is about power.

      Not long ago the extreme opposite of a “suzerainty relationship” was the course Eritrea under Isaias took. The raging criticism was that Eritrea picked a fight with four or five of its neighbors and was a total isolationist with nearly zero relationships with even the most powerful powers on the globe. It is only a few days ago, for example, that USA Congress representatives have gone to Eritrea to perhaps establish some sort of a relationship with an Eritrea that has been uncompromising with its ways in over fourteen years.
      Too soon to call a “suzerainty” the new relationships and developments particularly with Ethiopia. And what are “the context of Eritrean people’s aspiration other than the obvious PEACE, PROSPERITY and DIGNITY? So long the Ethiopians do not infringe on Eritrean’s dignity, Eritrea can only gain handsomely from the relationship that is being forged currently between the two nations. And thus far Ethiopia’s approach has been dignified in the following ways:

      1. A policy of non interference in the internal affairs of Eritrea. That is there is no indication that Ethiopia will pursue or try to influence the intra-Eritrean power struggles. With the the current Eritrean governors available to it, PM Abbie’s Ethiopia, it can be said, is recognizing the basics pillars of a sovereign state which is government. PM Abbie’s Ethiopia stood side by side as two equal and separate governing entities on several international platforms thus far.
      2. The acceptance in its entirety of Eritrean history in particular the thirty years long armed rebellion against Ethiopia for its independence.
      3. PM Abbie’s Ethiopia steered away from critiquing a personality which possibly Eritreans consider to be a significant figure in the making of Eritrea, if not the founding father of Eritrea. Doing so maybe encroaching or breaching the Dignity of another sovereign state in that it may appear the history of Eritrea is being questioned.
      4. Ethiopia is simply aggressively pursuing joint and projects mutually beneficial to both states without putting pressures on Eritrea from a stronger partner position in the relationships thus far.

      In the current scheme of all things considered, Ethiopia with its ever strengthening ethnic federalism form of government and domestic obstacles it is hurdling, its strength can not be considered superior to Eritrea. It has, as the larger country of the two and a much larger economy, the potential to be the greater of the two states inevitably. At the moment however, the strengths of both nations and sphere of influence due to their respective assets, are pretty much comparable. Hence we can’t speak of “a new suzerainty relationship” between the two states.

      In spite of its size and wars exhausted new nation on the block, Eritrea has been the antithesis of any kind of suzerainty in its relations with the powers of the region and beyond. It can’t all of a sudden be subservient to a power after stubbornly standing up to all powers during its entire history of existence. The sophistication and intricate relationship may not just be or can not be classified as “a new suzerainty relationship.” Eritrea is not Ethiopia’s Puerto Rico to the USA. A more likely comparison would be an Eritrean-Ethiopian relationship similar to Canada-American relationship.
      Meles’ Ethiopia tried everything possible to attain “a new suzerainty relationship” when it waged war in 1998 and after it signed a final and binding border deal. Meles’ Ethiopia’s first choice for this type of relationship was the Isaias government of Eritrea but it kept its choice open for a possible puppet government by dangling the position as hope for the Eritrean Opposition without quite strengthening them to any viable form.

      Other than dignity, peace and prosperity what Eritrean people’s aspiration can we list? Those to be obtained by the sheer efforts of Eritreans within Eritrea for themselves are not the business of the powers that seek a relationship with Eritrea. When and if it becomes the business of the neighboring powers or beyond, forcing Eritrea to behave or act a certain way, then and only then can we deem the relationship a suzerainty. In fact it can be argued that Eritrea is on the verge of exiting an old “suzerainty relationship” when it was under siege and being squeezed tight to behave in the manner that it has for the past several decades.

      The classification is more like an intent to induce indignation amongst Eritreans without providing of having a picture of Eritrean people’s aspirations.

      tSAtSE

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Solomon,

        “Dignity, Peace, and prosperity” could be attained without sovereignty too. Isn’t that what Ethiopian elites are looking for? Is this within the context of your previous argument, which says if Peace and prosperity can attain under this agreement it doesn’t worry you even if we are tied with Ethiopia under Federation? If the reign of Peace, dignity, and prosperity does not respect the sovereignty of Eritrea, the three aspects you want to see from the current “suzerainty relationship” want disappear with few blinks of the leaders.

        • Selamat Ayya Amanuel Hidrat,

          Prior to the ascension to power of PM Abbie, you will agree that Meles’ EPRDF Ethiopia was very successful in isolating Eritrea from the regional sovereign states body politics. Meles succeed in painting Eritrea as a pariah state so much so there was nearly zero presence and participation as a sovereign state in the regional cooperative organization. No presence in IGAD and no ambassador representative in the OAU/AU for Eritrea in over a decade. Eritrea as a country was forgotten or ignored which if its sovereignty was to be reversed or abrogated somehow, no tears would have been shed due to the successful quarantining of Eritrea strategy successfully implemented by Meles’ Ethiopia. Close regional and African nations that recognized Eritrean independence, in the past two decades would have not batted any eye in defense of Eritrea’s sovereignty should it have been reversed somehow, This because of the extent Meles’ Ethiopia was successful in alienating Eritrea with the international community coupled with the Eritrean regimes self inflicted diplomatic wounds and the Eritrean Oppositions painting of an Eritrea not worth of independence due to its extreme civil liberties oppression. BACK THEN we can say Eritrea’s sovereignty was in grave danger – BUT WE DID’NT! DID WE? DID WE? Breach of sovereignty and the vanguard of sovereignty was the Eritrean regime and their avid supporters.

          In contrast PM Abbie’s Ethiopia is chaperoning to a handful of internationally witnessed events of their agreements as two sovereign states reminding and reintroducing, to other nations near and in the region, the separate sovereign state of Eritrea. The Saudi event of the two states hopefully rapprochement and agreements, with notable observer and witnesses invitees, the Arab Emirates similar event, the meeting of tristate informal gathering of Somalia, Eritrea and Ethiopia in Bahrdar, the recent Kenyan, Eritrean and Ethiopian meeting in Asmara and the current visit by PM Abbie with Isaias to South Sudan to meet with Silva Kir are the blitz to undo the two decades long sovereignty threatening policies of Meles’ Ethiopia. PM Abbie’s policy of attending by the highest office of his nation along with that of Eritrea’s adds weight and to the reintroduction of the sovereign state of Eritrea to the world once again. He is essentially un erasing the sovereign state of Eritrea from the memories of African governments by standing shoulder to shoulder with Eritrea in the multi states meetings that occurring. I don’t comprehend how one can view such actions as a threat to Eritrean sovereignty when it is intact to the contrary.

          Eritrean Armed struggle for independence and sovereignty gained momentum when Haile Silasie’s Ethiopia systematically and unilaterally abrogated the Federation trampling with it the dignified autonomous self governing of Eritrea by Eritreans. Neither PM Abbie or the Eritrean regime desires to repeat the transgression of Eritrea’s dignity Today or in the near or far future. All indications thus far is, by standing shoulder to shoulder as equal partners in regional and near regional international meetings for cooperation and future interstate regional strategies, what is being highlighted is the sovereignty of Eritrea. Sovereignty considerations for Eritrea that were obliterated by Meles’ Ethiopia in the past two decades.
          If an honest assessment is genuinely pursued and conducted the findings would read Eritrea’s sovereignty is a lot more stronger now under PM Abbie than it was a year, five years, a decade or two decades ago. The circumstances are very conducive, now more than in the past or furure, to solidify an amicable mutually beneficial bilateral agreements, under PM Abbie’s vision and strategy for Ethiopia, that will guarantee Eritrean sovereignty and mutual trust of the two states. And should stronger cost effective bilateral cooperation that look a lot like a new Federation of the two states should happen, I don’t see how that can be destructive at all.
          To answer your question no I am not in the least concerned about a federated with Ethiopia Eritrean state. The narratives and fantasies of some Ethiopian elite is more like self therapy they are conducting for themselves to coat the losses of their past opportunities. Mind you they are busy at the same time solidifying their own intra regional identities and autonomies which is a monumental task to begin with. Not only that but we can’t deny the logic of a people seeking their own identities’ recognition would be blind to recognize an identity that was forged through the hardest of possible ways. The Ethiopian elites are cognizant of what it took to form the Eritrean identity and sovereignty. This doesn’t mean they would not embrace an Eritrea willingly deciding to be part of their current existing federal arrangement. It is entirely up to Eritreans which I honestly can’t rule out as an impossible event in the near or far future.
          The peace, prosperity and dignity requisite are necessarily inclusive of Eritrean sovereignty. I disagree with your they can be achieved absent of sovereignty statement.

          It is all power and it is about power.

          tSAtSE

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Hi Solomon,

            All your muses and illusions doesn’t hold water. The Somali, Djibouti or Kenyan leaders visits are diplomatic protocols that do not guarantee Eritrean sovereignty. The only thing that guarantee Eritrean sovereignty is BORDER DEMARCATION. As far as Dr. Abi Ahmed and Isaias are declaring no need for border demarcation, you have to be sure danger is looming over Eritrean sovereignty. Despite your long comment, but you didn’t mention even a single word that pacify the fears of Eritreans. My friend, Eritreans are not ready to follow your fantasy.

            I think, it is enough you and your likes supported Isaias until he outstretched to utter with boastfulness, “ሂበካ ኣለኹ መሪሕነት ብዘይቃልዓለም“. Whose leadership is he distributing and gifting this psycho guy? Now, the people of Eritrea know clearly true from untrue (phonies) Eritreans.

            Al-Arabi

          • Selamat Hamid Al-Arabi,

            Standing shoulder to shoulder as two separate but equal sovereign states in a blitz of international meetings and protocols with the numerous heads of states representatives of KSA, GCC, Somalia, Kenya etc… puts some significant spot light of a sovereign Eritrea with the full recognition and support by Ethiopia evident by the personal accompaniment to such events by its head of state PM Abbie. That Ethiopia was far ahead than Eritrea by a wide margin in the diplomatic arena is indisputable. The joint ventures and the presence of Ethiopia gives weight and added value to the concept of the sovereign state of Eritrea.

            It is not like the Ethiopian government is conducting a private internal meeting with its underling Eritrea Kill and then going off by itself to meet with other governments as the legitimate sole representative AND it is not like the Ethiopian government is shying or staying away from such meetings ignoring to deny overt recognition of a sovereign state Eritrea. Use common sense to extract the true strategy that both nations are utilizing in order to strengthen the mutual trust necessary for them to forge mutually beneficial interstate agreements.

            With regards to the BORDER DEMARCATION the two encountered a hiccup hinderance by the name of TPLF which immediately after the announcement of the rapprochement announcement conducted preemptive obstructionist steps and statements that undeniably had effect on the attitudes of both nations towards immediate demarcation. So they chose and detour to accomplishing the demarcation on the ground out of the necessity to avoid contentious and heated talks on dividing lands and people. PM Abbie and Isaias SIDE STEPPED THE INSISTING OF TALKS AND NEGOTIATION BEFORE PEACE opting for a STRAIGHT ROUT TO IMPLEMENTING PEACE ON ALL SECTORS. I repeat, consistent with Eritrea’s PEACE as is without negotiations or further talks, the minefields that was engineered by TPLF’s Ethiopia is being ignored and they are proceeding with peace based on mutual trust based on the explicit declarations and stances with regards to the border demarcation on the federal levels. I can understand if the demarcation was relegated as an after thought absent of the clear and present input of TPLF has on the matter. Absent of the TPLF card had the two states ignored demarcation it would be convincing to everyone that their intent is as sinister as is being narrated by you folks. You are purposely ignoring the mitigating circumstances of the obstructionist TPLF has contributed to the matter at hand. All variables, including the stability of both states is greatly considered before proceeding with an un guided rush in processing and implementing the intended lasting peace of two states that will be very closely integrated in the future that one would be hard pressed to distinguish them as two sovereign states. BUT they will be exactly that, two sovereign states.
            Look for more chaperoning by the diplomatically matured Ethiopian State to put more spotlight on the sovereign Eritrean state that not so long ago was an isolated and nearly with zero diplomatic portfolio on the world state.
            When we are all and decrepit we may recall all the past and present events and strategies as we are experiencing them and NOT as the narrative by those whose agenda is clearly influencing them to ignore common sense. We can’t remember all these events with a nonsensical logic or rational.

            Change your IMPERATIVE ERITREAN NARRATIVE IF YOU DESIRE YOURSELVES TO BE SIGNIFICANT FACTORS IN SHAPING THE FUTURE OF THE SOVEREIGN ERITREAN STATE. Ask yourselves, what shout the Eritrean Imperative Narrative should be given all the data and an honest unbiased assessments of the strategies that are being played out right to your face.

            It is all power and its about power,

            tSAtSE

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Solomon,

            “…… the presence of Ethiopia gives weight and added value to the concept of the sovereign state of Eritrea.” Really Solomon?

          • Selamat Ayya Amanuel Hidrat,

            Given that Eritrea has been out in the cold as far as diplomatic relations with other nations (as compared to Ethiopia’s successes under Meles’ Ethiopia and continuing)
            PM Abbie’s Ethiopia is facilitating the shining of the spot light on a emergent sovereign Eritrean State.
            PM Abbie’s Ethiopia could have chosen to dilute exposure by not participating in any of the shuttle diplomacies as well as sponsorship events such as that of the KSA and GCC
            When one was seen with a negative light up to a point of being ignored and forgotten as a legitimate member of sovereign states is accompanied by another state who has registered success in the world of diplomacy, it adds value to the lesser known or recognized.
            The argument I am putting forth is quite simple. So yes Ethiopia’s supportive posture and presence adds value to the concept of the sovereign Eritrean state, It certainly does not diminish Eritrean sovereignty. Again yes really Ayya Amanuel Hidrat!

            tSAtSE

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Solomon,

            Your argument is based on the wishes you want to see. It is not based from the statements of the leaders we hear from time to time in their meetings and the statements or Q&A of their subordinates. So our arguments are not from the same departures. Right now, ኣቦይን አደይን ነንበይኖም ጸለቶም ዘስምዕ ክትዕ ኮይኑ ይረኣየኒ አሎ:: You are completely disregarding the statements of the two leaders and their subordinates. Without considering those statements that comes out from the horse mouth, it will be ዘረባ ብዘይልዓት ኮይኑ’ዩ ዝረኤ::

            Thanks for decent engagement.

          • Selamat Ayya Amanuel Hidrat,

            You are partly right when you say “your argument is based on the wishes you want to see.” My wish is certainly not to wanting to see an Eritrea whose sovereignty is breached in any way form or shape. Yes I do wish for the relationship to be one of mutual respect for one another with an amicable sane and sustainable relationship based on solid agreements of joint ventures going forward that will prove to be super beneficial to both countries and all the people. But I base my arguments also on all the given variables that are supportive of the wishes to materialize as well as the hinderances that may prevent it and net an entire different result such as the one you believe to be where things will end up – “a new suzerainty relationship.” I have found evidences in the horses deeds and actions thus far that are supportive of the end product I wish for and I have evidences that disprove the negative results others are wishing for. For it can be said of you the same that you are arguing based on the results you wish for. You wish for “a new suzerainty relationship” an Isaias Eritrea that has compromised Eritrean sovereignty and a violation of Eritrean peoples aspiration that has capitulated its power and dignity to the stronger of the two partners an Ethiopia that disregards the essence of Eritreans. You do wish for this to materialize because both you and I know Eritreans will not ever takes such a case meekly and with open welcoming arms, In the event of such a case we both know there would be a massive unrest up to destroying the nation in its entirety to rebuild from scratch if need be. What you desire most Ayya Amanuel Hidrat is the massive popular Eritrean uprising against you erstwhile nemesis the dictator Isaias Afeworki. And just like me, you are constantly arguing, disregarding valid arguments and numerous other variables that contradict your biased and erroneous assessments and conclusions.
            Today I mainly argued my point utilizing the evidence of the joint diplomatic ventures the two leaders are very active on as representatives of two distinct sovereign states. They are both putting on full display an exhibition of the mutual strong respect they each have for one another, each standing distinct from the other as an independent sovereign state ready to contribute to peace stability and regional cooperation beyond their two borders. In their joint diplomatic activities they are approaching the other heads of state as two distinct states but united to pursue the common goal of contributing to the betterment of the region according to what each state’s capabilities and abundances it can offer. I also mentioned the “PM Abbie’s top five project for Ethiopia” that I saw in a video presentation which has convinced me of the level of sophisticated vision for his Ethiopia’s domestic policies as well as his foreign policies starting with Eritrea first and foremost. I will take notes after viewing the video for a a second time and present those arguments going forward. I will also address the words spoken from “the horses mouth” and give you a break down of my assessment of such phrases such as “let alone those who are threatening to leave the union even those that left will be returning into the fold willingly” and “I have delegated you to lead us all by the powers vested in me – ‘hibeka alekhu mrHana!'”

            It is a continuing engagement until either I or you is convinced by the other. Whenever your narrative peaks its head on the forum, I will continue to engage and ask you to consider the variables that you are totally disregarding in reaching your incomplete and erroneous conclusions you are feeding impressionable minds and wary under duress hearts.

            You are welcomed for “the decent engagement” but another opportunity possibly with your very next commentary will arise for me to continue presenting the wonderful bright future for Ethiopia, Eritrea and the region has in store for us from the visionary young charismatic Ethiopian PM Abbie Ahmed. Stay tuned.

            I don’t know what it means but I will disagree with you by reframing your tigrigna phrase by saying: itti zerebana b leAAt wey ms leAAt koynu knriOu inna. [what is leAAT bzeylAAT? ms leAAt ybehal diyu]

            Remain engaged Ayya Amanuel Hidrat!

            tSAtSE

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Solomon,

            At least why don’t make your U-turn official? You are the one who were saying that you don’t mind if the current agreement could tie Eritrea with Ethiopia by a Federation, as far as it could bring peace and prosperity for both people. And I was arguing against it. Now you flip flap to accuse me that I am against the sovereignty of Eritrea. We have readers brother, who reading our comments.

            Second, there is no different “Suzerainty relationship” as you start to explain it “yours and mine.” It has one meaning and have defined it in my earlier comment for purposes of our debate. What you are doing is deflecting the argument. Here is the definition again: “Suzerainty relationship is when a nation controls the foreign policy and international relations of a tributary state, while allowing the tributary nation to have internal autonomy.” The PM is acting as the foreign minister to make a deal with international community on behave of both countries. The despot gave our ports to be administered by the Ethiopian business men. Our naval forces will merge with the Ethiopian naval forces. The Ethiopian leaders start to say our ports….etc that makes Eritrea a “vassal state” that negate our sovereignty. You are for it and I am against it.

            Third, I don’t debate on wishes. As you have admitted your debate is based on your wishes. There is no fact in your debate because wishes are not facts. I wasn’t and am not debating based on my wishes. I was debating on the statements of the leaders. That is why I warned you that we are not debating on the same subject. I was debating on the consequence of the statements of the leaders and their subordinates, and you were debating on the wishes you have on the agreements. I tried to pull you in to the subject of our debate but you continue on your wishes. I hereby then rest my case.

            Thank you for the engagement despite our divergence.

          • Selamat Ayya Amanuel Hidrat,

            What are the specific statements of the leaders you are claiming to be facts? Please list them
            Give specifics of he ports access and ships that have been giving to the Ethiopian government.
            Where did you get that there will be a merger of Eritrean and Ethiopian naval forces. This is certainly news to me.
            To convince me and the readers just go ahead and be brave enough and list all the facts that you are basing your arguments on that you claim we have a new suzerainty relationship. I have looked up all the definitions of the phrase. The version you have provided fits nicely with the role you are claiming PM Abbie is playing.

            You have no facts. What are your sources of the facts that you are now claiming with the ships, merchants and naval forces? List them all clearly. And you are yet to debate anything. All you have done is made a statement regarding a suzerainty relationship and asked everyone to have their say. Later you did your best not to engage. And only when I tell you that you are partly right in that what I wish to see and all indications of the deeds and actions to the best of my knowledge by the two heads of state, in particular PM Abbie, you trie to capitalize it on it by making it seem like I am admitting strongly to all being based on the whims of my wishes.
            All my volumes of unedited comments are there for any body to read. People with good reading comprehension, unlike yourself apparently , can judge the contents of all of our comments. Just because you label it “wishful” It doesn’t necessarily mean it is.

            The bottom line is you have zilch, nada for the case of classifying the impending Erthio-Eritrean relations as a suzerainty. You do not posses the power to dismiss and grade anyones honest assessments and analysis simply because they don’t toe your obsessed line of reasonings. And yes all your arguments or the little debate you put is totally based on your sinister wishes. You are simply playing with fire and attempting to stir the deepest fears of the Eritreans. News flash! TEDEMRONAL!

            tSAtSE

          • Selamat Ayya Amanuel Hidrat,

            There is no u-turn or anything as such. I have been consistent throughout.

            Suzerainty is a situation in which a powerful region or people controls the foreign policy and international relations of a tributary vassal state while allowing the subservient nation internal autonomy. The dominant entity in the suzerainty relationship, or the more powerful entity itself, is called a suzerain.

            Now kindly present your evidence and facts in a list format. If you have such vital national security information then you should publish it and make it know to the public immediately.

            List your facts with credible sources.

            tSAtSE

          • Millennium

            Hi GitSAtSE:

            People try to project the image that they love their people more than others; they play a game of words to show they care about the sovereignty and national integrity of their country. But action speaks louder than words. People like Amanuel are enamoured with leaders like Melles…a leader who has been hell bent on reversing Eritrean sovereignty and have the audacity to accuse others of being less nationalistic; but they deceive no one but themselves. You, brother, are doing good laying the facts bare for all to see

            Regards,
            Millennium

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Hi Solomon,

            I have dissected your comment and will reply to them piece by piece.

            “The joint ventures and the presence of Ethiopia gives weight and added value to the concept of the sovereign state of Eritrea.”

            The very ones who have liberated, added value and concept of the sovereign stat of Eritrea are the people of Eritrea. Here, you have stretched to insulting the people of Eritrea, their struggle, their martyrs, and scarified the pride of the Eritrean people.

            “Use common sense to extract the true strategy that both nations are utilizing in order to strengthen the mutual trust necessary for them to forge mutually beneficial interstate agreements.”

            True strategy doesn’t require common sense for it is clear as the sun at noon.

            “You are purposely ignoring the mitigating circumstances of the obstructionist TPLF has contributed to the matter at hand.”

            Could you give us the source of this news. For sure, it is one of your muses. My friend, let Dr. Abie Ahmed and Isaias declare to the world that TPLF is obstructing border demarcation. Eritreans are not blind to succumb to your illusions. Please, respect the Eritrean people.

            “Look for more chaperoning by the diplomatically matured Ethiopian State to put more spotlight on the sovereign Eritrean state that not so long ago was an isolated and nearly with zero diplomatic portfolio on the world state.”

            Who made Eritrea with zero diplomatic portfolio on the world? Yes, Eritreans at present conceive all the wreckage has fallen upon them by Ethiopians and in the fore front are the phonies who are loyal to Ethiopia.

            “what should the Eritrean Imperative Narrative be given all the data and an honest unbiased assessments of the strategies that are being played out right to your face.”

            I think, it is better to save your advice for your Mama Ethiopia. I have observed your climax. For sure, it is because of the Kitiffo, raw meat smell and warm mama bosom that made you dribble from far.

            Al-Arabi

          • Selamar Hamid Al-Arabi,

            I have dissected your comment and will reply to them piece by piece.

            No you have not. I doubt you have a learning disability or your reading comprehension is low but it could be my writing ability and so I will try to be clearer in this response.

            “The very ones who have liberated, added value and concept of the sovereign stat of Eritrea are the people of Eritrea. Here, you have stretched to insulting the people of Eritrea, their struggle, their martyrs, and scarified the pride of the Eritrean people.”

            You don’t have to tell me, I am the son of a Eritrean Tegadalai and brother to nine siblings who each fought for Eritrea in both the first and second Eri-Ethiopian wars. A tenth brother martyred in the first war. I have not insulted and could not possibly insult to Eritrean people. Perhaps reading glasses will help you.

            “True strategy doesn’t require common sense for it is clear as the sun at noon.”

            No, every thing requires common sense like taking shade from a clear and hot sunlight. You are lacking it brother!

            “Could you give us the source of this news. For sure, it is one of your muses. My friend, let Dr. Abie Ahmed and Isaias declare to the world that TPLF is obstructing border demarcation. Eritreans are not blind to succumb to your illusions. Please, respect the Eritrean people.”

            Highly televised event of demonstrations orchestrated by the TPLF leadership immediately after PM Abbie announced the Ethiopian Eritrean Rapprochement. Pay attention!

            “Who made Eritrea with zero diplomatic portfolio on the world? Yes, Eritreans at present conceive all the wreckage has fallen upon them by Ethiopians and in the fore front are the phonies who are loyal to Ethiopia.”

            Yes I agree but I was specific on which Ethiopians. I said it was Meles’ Ethiopia that successfully isolated Eritrea diplomatically. Maybe I should have written it in Tigrigna or Arabic. What are you reading brother?

            I think, it is better to save your advice for your Mama Ethiopia. I have observed your climax. For sure, it is because of the Kitiffo, raw meat smell and warm mama bosom that made you dribble from far.

            Ethiopia is the Mama of my Ethiopian brothers and sisters. My Mama is Eritrea just like yours. Let us have a better matured conversation next time brother!

            “Al-Arabi”

            Regards,
            Al Aritry
            tSAtSE

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Hi Solomon,

            Highly televised event of demonstrations orchestrated by the TPLF leadership immediately after PM Abbie announced the Ethiopian Eritrean Rapprochement. Pay attention!” Really, a group of gangsters stopped the two leaders. Are Dr. Abie Ahmed and Isaias afraid from those gangsters to declare, just declare, they have obstructed them from border demarcation. This is a lame excuse. Your excuse is uglier from your sin. العذر اقبح من ا لذنب

            ِAl-Arabi

          • Berhe Y

            Hi tSAtSE,

            Do you actually think and believe that Melles is that much capable in isolating Eritrea? Hade Afitu deA yesus elks zeTSwuAo.

            The only person who responsible for isolating Eritrea is Isayas Afeworki, no body else. I acutaly think Isayas and Melles were in some sort of secret plan to demonize and destroy ERITREAN people ambition and make them empty Eritrea from its land in their long plan of uniting with Ethiopia. Like the Israel plan against the Palestinian people.

            Had Eritrea implanted the constitution and all democratic institution, do you think anyone could have done anything in Eritrea.

            Entay mergem yubehal deqey.

            Berhe

          • Selamat Berhe Y AArkey,

            It is evident that you don’t whole heartedly believe to be true the statement you made:
            “The only person who responsible for isolating Eritrea is Isayas Afeworki, no body else.”
            When in the very next sentence you say:
            “I acutaly think Isayas and Melles were in some sort of secret plan to demonize and destroy ERITREAN people ambition and make them empty Eritrea…”
            So there is another culprit named Meles in addition to “the only person responsible… … Isaias…”
            And NO an emphatic NO to the comparison with Israel’s Palestine because in out case THERE IS AN EXPLICIT RECOGNITION OF THE TWO STATE SOLUTION. Don’t let the soundbites of “two states one people” pleasant sound bites blur the clearly existent TWO STATES THAT ARE SOVEREIGN FROM ONE ANOTHER.

            tSAtSE

          • Berhe Y

            Hi tSaTSe,

            You are good at picking technicalities and you try to show that you are correct but others are not. But the only person you are deceiving is yourself, although I think you are doing so to win an argument but you never believe in its truth ness. It’s pity, atte exievse of a country and people.

            Isayas Afeworki is responsible for all the conspiracy to happen in our country and to our people and you know it’s the truth. To get what he wanted he aline himself with a devil if he needs to, just like he did with Weyane to destroy ELF. And it’s not because I was bitter (yes I am) but don’t twist my words, I am giving you as an example.

            Why would the US, UN,Amnesty, HRW, AU, IGAD, EU, Swedish, Canadian, UK, Dutch and other governments bother the ERITREAN governments solely unlike they do to any other government.

            Are they picking on little Eritrea really? Melles had the power to twist their arms?

            You know the reason and I don’t know how you do not get it.

            Can you give in recent example, after the collapse of the Soviet Union:

            A country disappeared members of prominent parliament from the face of the earth.

            A country who disappeared all its journalist, shutdown all private news paper.

            A country declared unlimited national service on its citizens and it has created a human catastrophic situation

            A country that shut down its parliament and never conviened.

            A country that has no constitution, no public known budget, no election, no opposition, no right to defence, no right to court, no right to fair trail.

            It’s lawless country. The one and only law of the land is the supreme leader, the only leader, Isayas Afeworki.

            Why are you surprised, Eritrea enemy like TPLF and Melles exploited it to their advantage.

            You want the whole world to shut it’s eyes like it’s doesn’t see, to block its ears like it doesn’t hear.

            Listen, just because he made peace with Abiy you think IA are over. Just wait and see, it’s just starting my friend.

            Abiy has cracked open the door for the floodgates, and if you think Eritrea name was tarnished wait until what you will see next.

            Do you think the recent US congress delegates will write nice report about Eritrea?

            You will watch and see. Now you will blame Melles in his grave for it.

            I blamed Melles for conspiring with Isayas because the destructive role his government was playing in dividing and weakening the ERITREAN opposition. He wanted Eritrea divided along ethnic lines, Afar, Kunama, Highland, Lowkands, so it will be convenient for him to see Eritrea broken up and some parts join his bigger Tigray region.

            The ERITREAN people refused for that trick, because we have learned from our mistakes in the 50s, but you confuse it as if the people are supporting IA the devil.

            Now Weyane and Ethiopia are out of the way, clearly the fight is against the devil inside the country.

            Berhe

          • Selamat Berhe Y AArkey,

            Weill you have done it again. Which one is it? are you or aren’t you twisting your word. You can’t say in one sentence you weren’t bitter and in the very next sentence say yes you were bitter.

            “And it’s not because I was bitter (yes I am) but don’t twist my words, I am giving you as an example.”

            I also don’t understand why it is that you deviate and throw the entire book of your prosecution of Isaias every time we discuss something specific and mutually exclusive of the case of The State of Eritrea Vs. Dictator Isaias Afeworki? As a juror amongst you I too have found Isaias Afeworki guilty of the numerous crimes and negligences he has committed. And I am perplexed as to why you give an exhaustive list of Isaias Afewroki’s transgressions against the young nation he has presided was a brutal dictator of.

            The current mutually exclusive topic of discussion pertained to whether or not the actions and deeds of the two heads of state or the Eritrean governments and Ethiopian governments is indicative of a future relationship that will be “a new suzerainty relationship” where essentially Eritrea abdicates its hard earned sovereignty and Ethiopia is accepting with total disregard of the Eritrean people’s dignity. Some arguments have been presented against such conclusions and further arguments will continue to be presented.
            Lets suppose a change of Eritrean government occurs Today. A coup de ‘ettat is conducted in Eritrea while dictator Isaias Afeworki is in South Sudan. How do you suppose the Eritrean Ethiopian Rapproachment and peaceful agreements will proceed? Do you believe PM Abbie’s Ethiopia will change its approach and strategies of implementing lasting peace with the Eritrean people under the new government? PM Abbie’s, from its inception, road map towards a lasting peace with Eritrea and the Eritrean people is not dependent on what sort of leader or regime is at the helm in Eritrea. PM Abbie’s Ethiopia is not deluded as to the powers it was delegated to have by the simple pronouncements made by a dictator who seemed more like an overwhelmed deer caught by the flood of headlights from the extravagant gatherings of Ethiopians showering excessive love towards him – which he has been deprived of anything remotely close to the spectacle for nearly two decades.
            I tell you what I will give you a line by line to all that you have listed in my trailing commentaries as I understood them and have been analyzing them, Yes let us go ahead and do a thorough scrutiny on all that is Isaias Afeworki. And when we are done doing it once let us do it again twice and then again thrice. Let us confront it head on. Let us get to the bottom of who is truly responsible for the dire conditions Eritrea finds itself, if at all?
            Whether you like it or not you do not posses the power of delivering a signed and sealed prosecution of who the ultimate culprit is for the Eritrean conditions of Today. Dictator Isaias may very well be a product of the Eritrean society and circumstances. The Eritreans may very well have engineered such a brutal dictator out of their own motives one of which could very well be the preservation of Eritrean Sovereignty at all cost. The Eritreans may very well consented to the abolishing of all civil liberties for the prices of sustaining Eritrean sovereignty. And further exasperated the dire situation by their cheating for their individual selves to escape such harsh living conditions which looped further to worsen the situation up to these absurd levels everyone slinging as much mud as possible hoping it will stick.
            News flash, new hopeful circumstances necessitate deep and thorough reconsiderations in order to arrive at sane and sober decisions that maximizes the gains for the Eritrean State going forward. News flash number two, our generation, yes yours and mine generation and certainly Ayya Amanuel generation may not be the best possible assessors of all things Eritrea going forward. The time has arrived for another generation to take the button and chart its own destiny as an Eritrean Sovereign State based on its unbiased analysis. All we can do is recollect it for them as we experienced it in real time.
            And our experiences do not have to match word for word as if we have been victims of a vicious programing of our minds.
            Go ahead keep posting your ever expanding lists of crimes committed of the most criminal in man kind history you believe to be dictator Isaias Afeweworki. Some of us are just not goin to let you be obsessed with this monotone tune for decades at the expense and heavy cost to the Eritrean people because you lack horrendously in utilizing malleable and innovating solutions because you are incapable to do a thorough study of numerous pertinent Eritrean issues and delimas.

            “The devil inside the country” may have redeeming qualities. If you are indeed without sin go ahead by all means cast the first, second, third, fourth….etc. stones.
            On the verge of something wonderful and extraordinary happening it is wise for sane minds to put a break on their super hyperactivity driven by extreme obsession because if you don’t you are prone into making a grievous error after error.

            tSAtSE

          • Berhe Y

            Hi tSAtSE,

            I like you, that’s why I keep commenting at you because I it doesn’t allow me to seat ideally to see you sell your soul. In the name of Eritrean people, you are willing to give a pass for crimes, crimes against humanity my fried.

            Have you lost the sense of what justice means? I don’t have to be a person without sin and nor should you. But my sin and that of yours does not hurt families, does not make kids grow up without their parents, does not make people disappear from the face of the earth. How can you possibly equate that.

            How can you compare a criminal act, with that of moral act (sin) is. Are you this stupid, that you don’t know the difference. Is this a way for you give a pass for his horrendous crimes and pain this man inflicted on the Eritrean people justification?

            Have not taken an lesson from history how dictators like Isayas have total control over their population and drive their country into immense disaster. Mengistu has done it for Ethiopia, Idi Amin for Uganda, Pol Pot for Combodia, Said Barree for Somalia….you do not know this.

            Let say like you said, IA is removed by God or by man. Then what possible scenario do you imagine can happen to Eritrea. Let’s see what happened to Somalia, Rwanda and others…..you don’t know what a priority means…who cares what PM Abiy will do or not do. He will do what’s best for Ethiopia and he will work with who ever comes to power.

            And it’s really lazy on your side telling me, people of my generation and that of Amanuel to leave it to the next generation. Really, why. Even if I am on my death bed, i wouldn’t think that I would stop engaging what interest my country and my people.

            Bernie Sanders is 77 years old and he has the best ideas for America and it’s future, as far as I can tell. You would want him to drop out because of his age.

            It’s ShiTara, nZeyfelTeka belo. I am suppose to leave the faith of my country to the minions called yPFD. Don’t you know the saying “libi gobez ab deretu”. Seriesly do you think the young generation knows what’s best for the country…can you name any country that’s lead by the young generation that ended up being successful..I mean anywhere in the world.

            I truly believe, there is wisdom with age? You don’t think so…just think for your self, the things that you knew 20 years ago and compared what you know now. Why do you want to deny Eritrea of this wisdom.

            You don’t think the problem with Isayas / EPLF was the lack of wisdom when they come to the country they think they can do everything and totally sidelined the elders, the religious leaders, the teachers, the business people, and what we got in return.

            Berhe

          • Selamat Berhe Y AArkey,

            Please consider my latest comment to Dr. Chefena as a response to your comment here. And no I am not “this stupid”. You guys just have to start listening more. This band wagon mentality with out a sound and united strategy will result in a much more catastrophic of dictators than Isaias Afeworki. And yes the dictator has redeeming qualities. As the saying goes: Any person is not all bad nor is any person is all good.

            Regards,

            tSAtSE

          • Berhe Y

            Hi tSAtSE,

            I have a perfect response for you. I don’t know what to say, I am extremely happy that I logged in to face book now.

            Please search someone by the name “Fithi Andom”,and please listen to her video message of “Yeakl”.

            I loved it and it’s a message directed to you, without hassitation, 100% my friend.

            I love her theme of her speech “Ane aleni mEraf : tariK alewa goHaf”.

            Hameed, please listen to is as well.

            Alewuna, nay bHaqi Alewana.

            I am done responding to you. Nin zbl zelo Tina Mina gdefwo elatina.

            Nin tibl aleKa leytin meAltin.

            Berhe

      • Millennium

        Hi GitSAtSE:

        Brilliant analysis

        regards,
        Millennium

    • Consolation

      selamat

      ተመኺራ ነራ፥ ግዜ ብእዋኑ
      ሓሸውየ ከምዘብቅዐ፥ ተወዲኡ ዘበኑ
      ኣይሰምዕን ኢላ፥ ምኽሪ ናይ ጀጋኑ
      ከርተት መሪጻ፥ ፈቐድ ኡ ከተዕነኑ

      ትግራይ ጠሊማ፥ ኮይኑ ኣመላ
      ወዮ ዝሓከለት፥ ከቶ ዘይሓልፈላ
      ክንዲ ትኸብር፥ ምስ ህዝባ ደው ኢላ
      ውርደት መረጸት፥ ቀሚሻ ኣልዒላ

      ኣስመራ ክት ኣቱ፥ ያኢ ተሓዚላ
      ዕስራ ዓመት ከርቲታ፥ ከዲማ ሸቂላ
      ምስተጓሕፉ፥ ጠላማት ደቂ ኣሉላ
      ባዶ ተሪፋ፥ መእተዊ ዘይበላ

      መዓስዩ ዝበርሃላ፥ መዓስዩ ዝስቆራ
      ሓሸውየ ከምዘብቅዐ፥ ከምቲ ዝተነግራ
      ናጻ ምስወጸት፥ ሃገረ ኤርትራ
      ብተስዓን ሓደን፥ ዓወታ ዓቲራ

      • Haile S.

        Selam Consolation,

        Consolation ዘይተጸናንዕ ግዳ ከም ስምካ
        ከም በዓል ኢሳያስ ግደፎ፡ ሕማቕ ቃላት ይትረፍካ
        ግጥምኻ ክጥዕም ጸጸርፉ ደምሲስካ
        ኣለካ ተውህቦ ይዛረብ ኣሰዃኹዓ ቃላትካ
        ምግጣም ቀጽል መልሓስካ ካየንዋሕካ

      • Peace!

        Consolation,

        ጥልመትዳኣ ንወያነ መቦቆላ እንድዩ
        ገሪሙና ዘሎ ናይ ሳዓብቲ ኢሰያስ እዩ
        መሊኾሞ ፈጣሪኦም ረሲዖም
        ንሕና ንሱ ክብሉ ግዜ ዓሪቡዎም
        ዓዲ በሪሳ ድምብርጽ ዘይብሎም
        ድሕሪ ወያነ ትምለስዶ መሲሉዎም
        ልቢ ግበሩ ምእንቲ መጻኢ ወለደኹም
        ሕማቕ ታሪኽ ከይገድፉ ፈትሹ ሕልናኹም

        Peace!

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Consolation:

        If you are serious person and if you have serious answers to my serious questions እንሆ ሜዳ እንሆ ፈረስ:: እንተዘይኮይኑ ብማዕዶ ማዕዶ ንዘለካ ናይ ወያነ ብህራረ ክንሕግዘካ አይንኽእልን ኢና:: ዝገብር ነዲኡ ነይነግር ስለዝብሃል: ተባዕ ሰብ እንተደአ ኮይንካ: ናይ ብርዒ ስምካ ንየው ኢልካ: ኣብ ቃልዕ ወጺእካ: ንወያነ ይኹን ንኻልእ ክትዋደቅ ምስትኽእል ጥራይ እዩ አኽብሮት አሕዋትካ ክትረክብ ትኽእል:: እንተዘይኮነ ፈሽኳልን ፈራሕን ብድሕሪ ብርዒ ስም ኮይንካ ሃተፍተፍ ምባል ንወያነ ይኹን ንኻልእ ከተርክበሎም አይትኽእልን ኢኻ:: ንህዝቡ ዘለዓዕል: ኣብ ሓሳቡ ዝተኣማመን: ኣብቃልዕ ወጺኡ አንጻር ወያነ ይኹን ካልእ ዝቃለስ ጥራይ እዩ ኤርትራዊ ኒሕ ዘለዎ ዘኽብሮውን:: ብዝተረፈ ከምዚ ናትካ ብፍርሒ ዝተዋሕጠ እንታይ አስተዋጽኦ ንህዝቢ ከበርክት ይኽእል:: ሕሰበሉ!

      • Hayat Adem

        Peace and Consolation,
        Ayy gidin… Either rise up to the Kokob standard, or leave the poem stuff. Do what you do good.

        • Peace!

          Hi Hayata,

          ሓያት ጏል ኣቦይ ኣደም
          ኣንቲ ጅግና ሓርበኛ ናይቀደም
          ሕጂኽ ናበይ ወይስ ወያነ ከምቀደም

          ዘይፈተንክዯ መንገዲ ኣየናይ ተሪፉ
          ዘይፈተሽክዮ ታሪኽ ኣየናይ ተሪፉ
          እንታይሞ ክዓብስ ወያነ መቐለ ተሪፉ

          Continues….

          Peace!

          • Hayat Adem

            Hi Peace,
            Haha… a better one. I think Meqele is the natural niche for Weyane. If you were telling us, they were ruling oversized, then they must be about right-sized now. Or you think, Meqele too is too big for them? But eh people of Meqele don’t seem to mind them. Weyane nabey yikhidulkum antum seb!

          • Hayat Adem

            Peace,
            “ሓርበኛ ናይቀደም”???
            I am fired up to fire-burn PFDJ asses… Why ናይቀደም?

    • Alex

      Hi Amanuel,
      It is sad to see people like yourself trying to bamboozle Eritreans with false mantra that PIA or PFDJ will unify Eritrea with Ethiopia. The people who are repeating this mantra are the ones who never pushed TPLF to accept the EEBC verdict with out condition so the demarcation can proceed. The relationship between the two countries will benefit both peoples of both countries.

    • Mez

      Dear Amanuel H,

      Quite an interesting conversation between you TSaSE, and other forumers under this link.

      I am a student who loves to “learn by example”.

      1) A question for you Amanuel: could you mention three or more countries in the world (as to your thinking), from whom we may learn basic concepts how to interact among each other (as a lesson for the two countries Eritrea and Ethiopia).

      2) from my understanding of Memhier TSaSE’s reasoning, his exemplary countries could be: Canada&US America (as he indicated); Germany & Austria; Great Britain & Irland Republic.

      Thanks

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Mez,

        Before I answer to your question, as an academician I would like you to share your view on the questions I have posed to the house of Awate. Thanks

      • Saleh Johar

        Selam Mez,
        Aren’t we already like Britain and Ireland, fighting for centuries with a lull every few decades? I wonder why you didn’t want to compare the situation to that of Pakistan and India 🙂

        More examples to work from? Egypt and Sudan, Somalia and Kenya, UAE and Saudi Arabia, Iran and Saudi Arabia… and many more. Only you don’t see the issue go down to the common people, it’s limited to the governments’ occasional bickering session

        • Mez

          Good day Saleh J,

          The intention of my question to Amanuel H, was to learn “good neighbourhood by example”–that seen from his “two nation interaction perspective”. That as a healthy and mutually helpful and macroeconomically complimentary nations.

          From the examples you listed, probably the UAE-KSA relationship may be interesting to study further.

          From the others, you mentioned, I guss we have less to learn.

          Thanks

    • Hayat Adem

      Dear Emma,
      There is nothing that characterizes it to be “suzerainty” per se. I am seeing these two leaders gravitating to each other time and again. But I am also totally convinced nothing good is on their table interms of advancing the interest of the nations or the peoples of the nations. So, what is really that is making them enjoy each other? I tend to qualify it as “personal chemistry” or “convergence against the Weyane”. Nothing more! It is a natural law that no body is ever able to grow out of own’s skin. Once you know their skins’ limits, it doesn’t matter what games they play within those.

  • Hameed Al-Arabi

    Ahalan Awates,

    Isaias Afweki was/is not the highly educated, experienced, dauntless, orator and with a historic background among Eritreans. Then why was/is he the sole leader of EPLF and PFDJ for decades? The only traits that Isaias had at that period of time were: Young, tall and handsome. This could be traits for a girl’s knight of dreams, but for a leader it is something odd.

    It appears those traits are the criteria for some Eritreans and Ethiopians to choose a leader. I believe so because even at present some Eritreans call for the young to lead and despise the old age. For this group of people the only thing that matters that he should be young and handsome. It is like choosing a husband for their daughters. It is accepted from a girl to see in Isaias as her knight of dreams, but I wonder about the males who see Isaias as their knight of dreams. Do we have in Eritrea something odd that we don’t know?

    Anyhow, the moment they fell in love with him they don’t hear or see. Isaias is an agent of Ethiopia, CIA and Musad, but no one hears, because LOVE IS BLIND. Dr Abi Ahmed is a dictator in a formation process. No one hears or sees, for love is blind. Tomorrow is the arbitrator just continue your love.

    Al-Arabi

  • Amanuel

    Hi All
    IA & Abiy gatecrashe South Sudan. News from Africanews reads as follows“South Sudan president Salva Kiir who was on a tour of one of the country’s northeastern Bahir el Ghazal state cut short his trip to meet with the visiting leaders.”

    • Nitricc

      Hi Amanuel; And your point is? I think your are becoming toothless with every passing day. So what is your point?

      • Amanuel

        Hi Nitricc
        Well, Salva has no idea they were coming. On a normal circumstance that doesn’t happen, leaders visit is well planned unless the leader is fleeing from his country.

  • Nitricc

    Hi All; It is amazing how the Ethiopian’s priority is all mused up. The last time I check, to produce food all it takes is water, fertile soil and human power and Ethiopia checks out that she is blessed with every requirements to produce and feed her people. Instead the people are entangled with ethnic divisions and political polarizations. The youth is busy smoking Hookahs, getting high in cahat and setting up demonstrations; the government did nothing
    to harvest the youth’s energy. Ethiopians have one priority and that is to feed their people before trying to appease the white man with this democracy BS. If I had to lead Ethiopia; Ethiopia will export food in five years, although there is no telling how many lazy people I kill. Oh yes, it will be the end of the lazy people and the democracy BS. how is possible for a country 70% of her population is under 25 years of age to go hungry with a fertile land and a plenty of water? Simple! Ethiopia have no leader with a swagger that demands work ethic.

    • Peace!

      Hi Nitric,

      So drowning in the Mediterranean Sea, dyeing in refugee camps and in countless prisons, getting shot while crossing border or being a victims of organ harvesting is better than spending time smoking hookah and chewing khat. And here you are telling us democracy is BS and prescribing solutions for the people you haven’t met and for a country you have never visited.

      Check this brief exchange with YPFDJ, not joke, dud!

      Me: Don you believe in democracy
      YPFDJ: No. it is western system. It doesn’t work in Africa
      Me: What does PFDJ stand for?
      YPFDJ: People Front for Democracy and Justice
      Me: Your party literally says it stands for Democracy
      YPFDJ: Kid Rahak A**me

      Peace!

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Nitrickay,

      When they don’t have a leader who focus on “poverty and development”, no matter whether they have a fertile land and enough water resource for utilization of modern agricultural products and hydroelectric powers, the recurrence of hunger and destitute will persist. The current bogus Ethiopian leader has changed the policy of his predecessors that focus on how the Ethiopian people could have “three meals a day” and how the “developmental state” could convert Ethiopia to an “industrialized nation” that sustain the Ethiopian labor work forces.

      The current leader’s priorities are neither for economic development nor is for reducing poverty of their destitute subjects. They are focusing how to stabilize their power by eliminating their opponents and conspiring with external forces. Conspiring against one of the “building block” of your society for the purpose of “domination” and “subjugation” is the worst sins in politics by the worst seeds of leadership. If a leader came to negate everything achieved by his predecessors including the Federalism that maintain the equilibrium of its parts (social groups), sooner or later will be an automatic leader. The establishing of “republican guards” is in itself a good sign for an autocratic leader in the womb of Ethiopian politics – a lesson from the brutal leader in his neighbor and a reversal to the past Ethiopian history. If he succeeded in dismantling the current Federalism and the current EPRDF party, it will be the beginning of the modern feudal lords in the Ethiopian empire. Let us wait for the upcoming election, if it heralds the birth of an autocratic leader who came as a prophet, camouflaged with the slogans of “peace and love” but that ended up otherwise.

      • Peace!

        Hi Emma,

        Just curious are you blaming Meles? Dr. Abiy was elected few months ago.

        Peace!

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Dear Peace,

          No sir. Rather, I am admiring him for he was dreaming and working for the poor Ethiopian people. His primary goal was to eliminate poverty. Hence he introduced “developmental state”. His priority was to have his people three meals a day. He is a leader who sees any project in conjunction to the poor people. An extra-ordinary leader. Keep in mind I am talking on their domestic policy now (knowing we have different position on the man).

          • Selamat Ayya Amanuel Hidrat,

            It is all power and it is about power.

            “An extra-ordinary leader in its kind and an exemplary in his moral value (a kind of leader I wish for my beloved people). Keep in mind, that I am talking on their domestic policy now (knowing we have different position on the man). Now compare the domestic policy of the current leader with him…”

            Had Meles lived a long life, do you believe he would have resolved the border issue? Would the resolution of the border issue impacted on the results of his wonderful domestic policies?
            What do you think about PM Abbie’s role of the man in charge of the restoration into a Statesman of Isaias?
            Is power a requisite (being powerful) to be considered a good Statesman or leader?

            Today I saw a video titled “PM Abbie’s Top Five Projects.” Several involve massive construction projects in Addis Abeba. Dealing with housing, a higher education institution, an aqueduct waterway in the city of Addis Abeba and a Massawa-Addis Abeba rail way, which the Italians have agreed to foot the bill for all feasibility studies. A railway would put a significant dent on the the results of any progressive domestic policy.
            It is fair to say that in the past two decades Isaias was relegated and limited to only affect domestic policies arguably fo the worst. With arguably or seemingly limited resources, with the self reliance, there are several projects that he can claim as his trophy. To name two, education and irrigation. The reality could be however, that he was pretty much unemployed or frozen as far as foreign policy and in the power positioning of the regional power play. These days he is a lot busier as he is being restored by PM Abbie. Given the frequent civil wars that the South Sudan experiences, do you believe Isaias’ experience as a guerrilla fighter add to his comfort to travel to the South Sudan and can Isais and Abbie contribute to the peace of South Sudan? Should both contribute positively on stabilizing and bringing peace to the South Sudan, would they then gain stature in the region as two powerful statesmen? Would Isaias’ newfound focus on regional diplomacy have impact on Eritrea’s domestic policy? Content with having a job, finally having something to do and now being able contribute beyond the borders and with the aid of his partner (his foreign minister) PM Abbie, would he loosen his tight grip on little Eritrea and maybe even make headways on civil liberties and the overall bettering of the standard of living of Eritreans?

            PM Abbie is utilizing the aging dictator for a very strong domestic policy he plans to see come true. It is based on the expansion of Ethiopian markets by first reintegrating Eritrean and Ethiopian economies as the incentives for both nations and personal incentives to the dictator are hard to refuse. We can’t dispute that mobility with in your own nation is a great mitigator in providing “three meals a day” or averting food shortages and starvations. The Massawa-Addis Abeba railway will have a significant impact on employment opportunities and in heating up economic activities in general. The other four projects on Abbies vision and plans are also with great benefits for the Ethiopian people. There will be great autonomy for the Kilils of Ethiopia to play their part as major drivers of domestic policies since Abbie focuses more on foreign policy and regional reintegration. The platform PM Abbie will run on in the up coming elections will not only be very strong but will also be the most attractive and beneficial to Ethiopians.

            You may believe had Meles lived long he would have attained great successes and solidified the politics of governing and the federal republic would have been strong, I think had Meles lived the republic of Ethiopia would have imploded and torn apart. It is much safer under Abbie because he maintains the Ethnic Killils Federalism by granting even more autonomy to them by being more of foreign policy centric prime minister. Meles’ foreign policy was brut force in Somalia, evil suffocating master plan for Eritrea, and his domestic policy was backed by brut force of his own ethnic groups dominance in the military and “republican guard.” There was no sound domestic policy that was equitably distributing goods to its people. Eventually an old Meles would have seeing a more horifying terrible end. Meles did not have a fine tuned and balanced outlook of both foreign policy and domestic policy which result in a sustained equilibrium of peaceful growth as does Prime Abbie. The foundation is Meles’ which is ethnic federalism but Abbie deserves and will take all credit for its strong materialization.
            Your objection to Abbie is perhaps biased by the complete overhaul of Isaias Abbie may deliver with finnes. Don’t know about Meles or Isaias being extraordinary men, but rest assured we are witnessing the making of an extraordinary man in PM Abbie.

            It is all power and it is all about power.

            tSAtSE

          • Haile S.

            Selam tSAtSE,

            Had Melles lived, he would have continued his so called “sophisticated foreign policy”. He was a malign arsonist fire-fighter creating mayhem in his surrounding to present himself as the only solution. How can he resolve the border issue? It was his kerosene.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Haile S.,

            In a very sad situation, the best thing that happened to Eritrea and Eritreans is that because of the closed boarders and total cutoff relationship with Ethiopia, out independence both physical and mental state has been cemented.

            The more I get to read and learn, their current situation, the more I get worried for their future well being and Eritrea wants non of that.

            I am sorry to say but they are in their small world of revenge and domination and they don’t know what it means to live and let live in peace and to be great and to think great.

            They like to go from one crisis to the next crisis, without solving the crisis they create in the process and never finding a lasting solution. In other words, they have a long way, very long way to create a successful bureaucratic institutions, which is the bed rock of a civil society.

            Berhe

          • Millennium

            Amanuel Hidrat:

            You praise Melles so lavishly, a leader who imprisoned thousands and kept others, in their thousands, exiled and you demean so meanly another leader who set the imprisoned free and let the exiled to come back home ….and you tell me you are a human rights activist! Can you see the irony?

            Regards
            Millennium

          • Nitricc

            . An extra-ordinary leader in its kind and an exemplary in his moral value (a kind of leader I wish for my beloved people).

            Hey Aman-H I have no idea what your obsession with this midget is but; it couldn’t be true to be MZ as the father of the poor people because his wife is the mother of filthy rich people, you go figure. however what I have quoted is No greater curse one could wish to Eritrea and Eritreans. Simply preposterous.

        • Teodros Alem

          Selam peace
          Obviously his logic is blaming the previous eprdf regime that rules ethiopia for the last 27 years and his logic also blaming the previous eprdf system architecture meles but since he is narrow tribalist like meles, he will not admit it.