Home / Articles / To My Dear Son Selaheddin,

To My Dear Son Selaheddin,

It has been three months-and-a-half since I’ve read the open letter that you sent that was meant to be read by all Eritreans, Selahaddin weddey. I keep it in my pocket and read it every day, because I draw energy from it. It gives me life. It gives me sustenance. It keeps me sane. But yesterday, I’ve heard of Haile Woldetensae (Durue) joining your camp, the camp of the martyrs. That jolted me like no other, which will become apparent why by the time you finish reading this letter. Please read on. I’ve heard Durue has been joyously received by his comrades-in-arms, you included. I am in a luxury hotel compared to what he has been through in that hell-on-earth, called EraEro since 2001 (here)

My generation started the fight for the sovereignty of Eritrea in the 1950s. Haile’s generation joined Ghedli (the revolution) in the 1960s. Your generation – Selaheddin weddey – joined the revolution in the 1970s. One more generation that followed yours also joined the revolution in the 1980s.

So, in my life, I’ve seen a lot. I have seen Eritreans fight courageously for four decades until 1991 when Eritrea, the land, was liberated. But the sovereignty of the land is incomplete if it is not accompanied with a freedom to live life with dignity under the rule of law. In the last twenty-six years, I’ve seen our country and its people be subjected to a debasement that I have never seen in nine decades that I have been blessed to live on this earth. I have seen and had been made to see the endless saga of crimes, disappearances, too many to enumerate here, sheer pandemonium has become the lot of Eritrea. But, nothing could jolt me I thought, not until I heard the passing of Haile Durue. You may know this. Haile left his Addis Abeba university education in 1964 to join the revolution, you wouldn’t believe with whom: With no other than the very person who is at the helm of power who has put him and 32 of his comrades to jail in 2001. Imagine, the cruelty of heart that one must possess to let one’s comrades-in-arms to be kept in the dungeons for 17 years to someone who fought for the independence of the nation along with this man for 27 years in the fields of Eritrea.

Little does this man know that just because we leave this earth doesn’t mean our spirit will not haunt him. You will see, I may not live long enough to see this. After all, I am only a few months away from 94th birthday. But, mark my word, Selaheddin weddey, the indomitable Eritrean spirit will undo this regime. Eritreans will, finally, find their voice, their freedom to speak, they will receive their country back and will make it heaven on earth. Let me tell why I am saying this: Soon after I said these immortal words, “ If the government is to take away the institution, it’s not possible while I am alive! I confirm I am ready to pay my life!! (ነዛ ቤት ትምህርትና መንግስቲ ክወርሳ እንተዳኣ ኾይኑ ኣነ ብሂወተይ እንከለኹ ከምዘይክእልን ሂወተይ ክኸፍለላ ድልዉ ምዃነይ የረጋግጽ), I knew I’d be hauled away to prison. But, I also knew – in my heart of heart – that Eritreans will not take it quietly. I knew mothers, fathers, the kids from Al Diaa school would rise up, but I also knew enough about the Eritrean character so much so that those who are abroad will also speak up forcefully because they have that freedom to speak up. Speaking up they did, my son. Those demonstrations throughout the month of November will forever be etched in my mind. Their chants – Muslims and Christians – alike carrying my picture and that of our Abona Antonios as their symbols of unity must have hit the man at the helm like a dagger right in his heart. You know he cannot stand any attention being given to anyone else other than him. Eritreans in the diaspora made me feel proud to be Eritreans.

And, my Akhriya community made me even prouder for standing up to tyranny all along knowing that they were going to be incarcerated, because the regime, the monster of our own creation is incarceration-happy. This is a regime that chose to build 361+ prison camps and counting and wanted to take the key of our community school away so it could turn it to what, into prison-institution – that’s what it is good at building, nothing else.

So, now that I’ve seen what Eritreans are capable of doing by standing up to cruelty; now that I read “The Rebirth of a Nation” that spoke to my heart from the diaspora, in how ready Eritreans the world over are. Here the last stanza that captured it for me, my son:

“…no worries no trepidation
You’ve set the pace you have defined the direction

Your own people shall accomplish the mission
Your own people will soon reach the destination
No worries, all is set the revolution is in full motion
The seeds you planted will in no time grow to fruition
The souls you stirred will never succumb to delusion
Now that you have cleared the path and restored our vision”

I know in your open letter penned on November 3rd, 2017, you mentioned that you were all happy to see me stay longer until the mission is accomplished. Read the entirety of the poem above and it gives a very clear sign, indeed, my mission on this earth has been achieved. Now that Haile Durue has joined the camp of martyrs, make room for me, son, I am coming to the camp of where the spirit of peace and tranquillity never dies. Eritrea is now in good hands. I am ready to live a life of spirit and soul. I know my passing will raise the ire of the regime, but the fire of Eritreans will rise from their bellies inside Eritrea and outside. I will be surprised if this regime lasts beyond 2018, certainly nothing beyond 2019. I’ve seen colonizers when they left packing, emperors deposed, socialist junta run away like scared cats. These Sakitists will soon go one way or another as well. And when that happens, Eritreans the world over will say: ‘GOOD RIDDANCE’ in unison and will return to their homeland in droves to build the nation. You, Taha Hawwey, and all those who paid the ultimate price will joyously celebrate and say to the living ‘way to go, kids, way to go! Now, show the world what you’re made out of.’ The spirit of Eritrea might have been bruised, but the nation never dies – It will vibrate with energy, soon, inshallah, my son.


About Beyan Negash

Activist, a writer and a doctoral candidate (ABD) in Language, Literacy, and Culture at New Mexico State University (NMSU). Beyan holds a bachelor of arts in English and a master of arts in TESOL from NMSU as well as a bachelor of arts in Anthropology from UCLA. His research interests are on colonial discourse and post-colonial theories and their hegemonic impact on patriarchy, cultural identity, literacy development, language acquisition as well as curriculum & citizenship. The geopolitics of the Horn of Africa interests Beyan greatly. His writings tend to focus on Eritrea and Ethiopia. Beyan has been writing opinion pieces at awate.com since its inception (1 September 2001).

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  • Beyan


    It is Sunday, the weekend is supposed to be about relaxing, but not for Eritreans.Here is hauntingly solemn, and speaks to the endless disappearances, dungeons, to a point of where we are getting mind-numbed. What is there for us to do other than to wallow in some music that speaks to it all through the artist lamenting… “መምህረይ …ንጅግና ቢተወደድ ኣብርሃ: ብኣማንኤል ኣድሓኖም!!

    • Paulos

      Selam Dr. Beyan,

      Twenty seven years after the fact, we should have been talking about the good things what life has to offer to humanity. Instead, we are in a perpetual agony where our artistic conduits convey pain, suffering and stone cold nostalgia. When is it going to end? Or is our fate sealed like the Nordic gods in Valhalla where they fight to the end knowing that the end is a total defeat? Or the absurdity of our lives is warped around the fate of Sisyphus when he was cursed by the gods to roll up the stone all the way to the top of the hill till it rolls down again? Hope you are not asking if I woke up today on the wrong side of my bed. It is just that, often times the human condition gets the better of us.

      • Kbrom

        Selam Dr Paulo and Dr Beyan

        Indeed twenty seven years post ‘ independence’ we are talking about ‘ slavery’. In case you have not seen it, there is a new book: Dictatorland: The Men Who Stole Africa by Paul Kenyon. As usual, it is pity to see your own affairs written by Muzungus, as saay would like to put them, but it is being repeated again, our ‘great leader DIA’ who never fails to race to the bottom (opposite of Nobel) has made it with the top 9 finalists in the book.

        Paul Kenyon introduces him as The austere, incorruptible leader who has shut Eritrea off from the world in a permanent state of war and conscripted every adult into the armed forces.

        • Beyan


          At long last, Dr. Paulos, you come back with someone – Kbrom – who has been filling the void you’ve left behind. He has been doing a great job in keeping the forum going with his own unique way of engaging.

          We are so everywhere and nowhere at the same time when it comes to Eritrea, I am getting discombobulated by the day. We can’t let this go on undeterred. We really need to figure out a way of this predicament. No amount of belittling the man at the helm is going to bring the man down. Meanwhile, the annihilation project is reaching a new threshold, where 9-10 year old children and men and women of 90 years of age become fair game to imprison. Is this the new normal? What are we waiting for?

          More practically, what can be done to ameliorate this down hill spiral as Kbrom sarcastically put it, “our ‘great leader DIA’ who never fails to race to the bottom (opposite of Nobel) has made it with the top 9 finalists in the book”, the existence of which I wasn’t aware of. I want a book that offers us a solution, a book I realize has not been written again. The kind of solution we are looking for has not been written, it won’t be written; it can only be written after we solve the problem.

          So, gentlemen, I urge you to think of possible solutions. In a different thread, we are talking about that remote possibility. If you haven’t seen the video clip I shared below, please do, and you will see what young Eritrean refugees are saying about educated Eritreans, it hurts to hear it.


  • Thomas
  • MS

    Selam Ustaz Beyan
    Your response to ahmed Raji prompted me to recheck this article. I thought it was a reposting of the old article, the letter from son to father. Thanks again for this touching eulogy. Hajj Musa has fulfilled his promise. In a previous article where this brave man was reportedly refusing to go home unless his comrades were released with him, I predicted that Hajj Mussa would not go home leaving behind his friends in prison. even though I did not know him,listening to his explanation as to why he was taking a firm stand gave me enough of an impression that he was a man of his words. Amidst the chaos and confusion, people like Hajj Musa remind us that we are one family. He4 was a born patriot, and he died patriot. Again, RIP, and condolences to the family.
    SP: Thanks also for bringing Mohammed Burhan Blata/s statement. He is one of the people I respect, a man who never gives in to pushing and shoving.

    • Beyan

      Kbur Haw Mahmoud,

      Hey, when Ahmed Raji sneezes, many of us catch ‘cold’, the good kind of cold that is. Glad you caught the ‘bug’, the good kind of ‘bug’, if you will. Much respect to the man who only shares his pen sparingly and when he does you know it is worth paying attention.

      That said, MS, Haji Musa did more than his part for Eritrea and its people. It is now up to us to bring the derailed train back on its track. The captain may not be with us to take us to the promised land, but he has left seeds of bravery, courage, dignity, I reckon the current generation will rid itself from the menace that is causing them all of the suffering, the writing is on the wall on this one. The regime is bruised beyond repair. The fear is gone, people are emboldened, it is a matter of time before the regime would either fall under its own weight or brave souls from the military – like the martyred weddi Ali – will rise up eliminate the misery.


      P.S. One thing we Eritreans need to learn is be accepting of differences of opinions, tolerance is a hallmark of democratic principles. I am talking about weedi Blatta here. Like it or not, the man sacrificed his youth and most of his adult life for Eritrea, for some to try to do damage just because he took a position on an issue that they disagree with, is way too cheap of a shot below the belt that won’t stick. I have tremendous respect for the man. If for nothing else, be respectful of a senior. Isn’t that what we are disparaging the regime for, for not having any sense of decency as to imprison elderly people, who should be revered. Reverence is not what weedi Blatta is looking for, just respect his person, challenge him on his ideas instead.

  • Ahmed Raji

    Brilliant as usual. Through this imagined letter from father to son, and the previous one from son to father, you brought to life Hajji Musa’s gallant epic. I hope we will not squander the historic opportunity this moment offers

    • Beyan

      Kbur Ahmed Raji,

      Indeed, Eritreans have spoken from the recess and the depth of their hearts’ heart that they ache for freedom, liberty, and dignity. Aboy Musa epitomized that sacrifice. I reckon it is up-to us all now to make good and save our people from becoming the sacrificial lambs for the very wolves that are bend out of shape to annihilate Eritrean way of being as we knew it.

      Kbret yhaballey, AR.


  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam Hope,

    1) As to why we failed miserably so far is: It is due to the combination of the reasons you have listed them,

    2) There is no solution as far as we are unable to identify our enemy collectively. If we have different enemy of our people, the energy and the resource will remain divided with no tangible success to our effort.

    The solution is to identify our common enemy and to act accordingly. In a political struggle against any government, you don’t fight against the leader, you fight against the “system and its policy.” Because, the leader is protected by the system and its structural functionaries. As far as we are failed to recognize this fact we will go no where to emancipate our people. The Eritrean people will continue to be the victim of The system that runs the current state of Eritrea.

  • Mez

    Dear Hope,

    it is a very challenging time, and you raised hard, fundamental questions.


    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear Mez,

      Hope, should answer honestly and boldly those fundamental questions to join us for synergy.


  • Berhe Y

    Dear Ayatna,

    I felt the same way when I read the page at sactism. I am so in rage since then and I can’t bare the shame and guilt that I feel, that we scumb our lives afraid of this mouse like creature called IA.

    He is and he should be our first and most prized target by any means, anything else is just luxery.

    As you said, the information could not have been any clearer than whats presented. He names Dr. Haile MiHTsun who visited them and I think it may be a good idea someone really has to talk to him and convience him to tell the truth.

    It would give credibility to the story.

    Abraham Zere Tesfalul, chair of PeN Eritrea in exile has been doing really amazing work in writing story Aljazeera English that is exposing the regime crimes to the works at large.

    I think we have to make our focus outside our communities and websites in exposing the regime further.


    • Beyan

      Selamat Ayneta & Berhe,

      We have been so mind-numbed by violence after violence, disappearances after disappearances, to a point of us getting so discombobulated that we don’t know what our priorities are. What fights to pick and what to drop, we don’t know anymore. I did watch the report you speak of by ሳክቲዝም. I hyperlinked it in the article above, though the link works but it is not highlighted making it difficult to notice it’s being cited. Here is where I cite it in the article above: “I am in a luxury hotel compared to what he has been through in that hell-on-earth, called EraEro since 2001 (here)”. Under the parenthesis is where it should take you to the source about EraEro.

      You are both right, we keep on dropping the ball, because we can’t seem to put our opposition house in order. The regime is several steps ahead of us all. All we’ve been doing is just react. We couldn’t, for example, anticipate the passing of a 93-year-old activist after whose imprisonment, we’ve been waiting until he passes on, then, react. We couldn’t conceive of a strategy in place that can be activated upon the passing of the man to mobilize Eritreans, if not inside Eritrea, at least outside. We are now barely beginning to arrange demonstrations, press releases. Leading from behind is what I characterize this. Of course, something is better than nothing. We have to do what we have to do. It is not to discourage those who are toiling to do this hard work of demonstrations, but that having no proactive and premptive strategy in place is what I find frustrating.

      In these political-chase-games, the regime was so prepared it imprisoned young kids, about a thousand of them before they could even react. Gedab News states that, “[t]he heavy presence of helmeted security personnel, many of whom were in anti-civil unrest gear and swaying batons, increased the tension in the burial grounds where the security men mingled with the crowd.” That the regime would do this wouldn’t be a surprise. In fact, what would be a surprise is if it didn’t do what it did. The penetration inside Eritrea, the infiltration of the regime’s security apparatus is something that people should be working hard to weaken and find a way of strategizing. I wouldn’t even begin to know how to do this. But, I am sure from the endless defections, individuals could be identified who can give strategies in how to do these operations. If we can’t beat the regime at its own game, then, there would be no hope to change anything in this good-for-nothing system operating in the nation.

      Thank you gentlemen for bringing this important component to the forum.


      • Yohannes Zerai

        Selamat Beyan,

        Commenting on existing weaknesses and shortcomings of the Eritrean opposition, you wrote “The regime is several steps ahead of us all. All we’ve been doing is just react.”, and noted the opposition’s common failure to do advance planning and strategizing on key issues. I completely agree with you on your observations. Indeed, this has been a weakness that the PFDJ regime has continued to exploit in developing actions and propaganda campaigns that counter and scuttle whatever political activities the movement engages in.

        But this is just one aspect of the overall problem that afflicts the opposition movement. Another aspect relates to the general weakness of not conducting adequate analyses of (and follow up on) events and developments that have already occurred. It is, of course, true that news continue to be reported, developments announced and analyses presented by various opposition-owned (or opposition-sponsored) websites and radio stations abroad. Indeed these outlets are providing very crucial information-dissemination services that cater to the needs of the opposition movement and, more generally, those of the Eritrean diaspora community. As such, the educational and informative services of these organizations must be acknowledged and credit must be given to those who set them up and continue to run them.

        But it is also undeniable that the focus and programming of these outlets have been episodic in nature which, though not intended as such, are similar in their impact to the sensationalism of mainstream media in the West. In other words, opposition media outlets largely seem to be in a “Breaking News” mode with nothing more than a passing and short-lived attention being given to events and developments. New or incipient issues/problems are rarely monitored as they grow with time and culminate in major events. Even then, the events are reported as “Breaking News” alright. But little effort is made to present follow-up analyses of the events and to assess their short- and long-term implications for the social and political conditions in the country*.

        It is interesting to note that the shortcomings I have outlined above feed into the weaknesses that you (Beyan) identified in your comment. If one does not have a good grasp of the nature and consequences of past and present events, one cannot be expected to develop effective plans and strategies for future actions and events

        * The manner in which the Akhriya Uprising and its aftermath were handled by the opposition media is a clear example of the shortcoming I speak of.

        It was reported at the time that the October 31, 2017 demonstrators first marched to the Office of the Mufti, but discovered that the Acting Mufti had, in fact, fled and sought refuge at the Embassy of Sudan. This raised many questions that the opposition media never addressed (at least, not to my knowledge): Why did the Acting Mufti flee? How did the Sudanese embassy react to the incident? Did the incident prompt the Sudanese Government, the Eritrean Government or both to deal with each other regarding the crisis? If so, what was the outcome? What was the ultimate fate of the Acting Mufti?

        Even on matters related to the circumstances of the hero at the center of the uprising – Haji Mussa – the reporting was selective and inadequate. All opposition media outlets did report Haji Mussa’s speech to the Al Diaa school community, his imprisonment, his refusal to leave prison while those arrested with him remained behind and finally his death. But many other critical questions remained unanswered: How were prison conditions for, and treatment of, Haji Mussa? What was the regime’s reaction to his refusal to be released alone? How much medical treatment did he receive, what kind, how frequently and for how long? Did he die in prison or at the hospital?

        Thank you.

        • Berhe Y

          Dear Yohannes and Beyen,

          Thank you Yohannes for replying to Beyen for responding to me and Ayatna. I didn’t know how to reply as I have said many times what I wanted to say. But reading your reply gave the courage to continue the conversation.

          I do think there is a great deal of lessons that we can learn from other countries and people who were able to overcome and over throw dictators the world over, using non-violent means. The current change that’s is going on in Ethiopia is a perfect example.

          Most people that I spoke with are not convinced that such method would not work in Eritrea, because of the very nature of the system we have. And they give their own pre-conceived ideas and convince themselves and conclude that it’s impossible. The conclusion they come up with generally is that, the regime does not give room for political opinion such as to organize demonstrations and conduct peace full non violent resistance. Off course what I am talking about is, Gene Sharp method “From Dictator ship to democracy” that most people around the people have use to bring down dictators.

          Here is a movie that may convince us to think, at least give it some thought, this may be possible in our country as well.


          The key to your point and Beyan’s point is, that we lose momentum or that we are behind the regime is, because we have not developed the plan and the strategy to fight the regime.

          I hope you take the time to watch the video and read some of the writings. I do believe you two among others like Ismael can help frame the plan and strategy if we are to have any chance of defeating this regime.

          iSem and AH, I like you both but before you start commenting and telling me why this is impossible in Eritrea, can you please promise to watch the video and we can talk after.


          • iSem

            Hi BY:
            We have been discussing this for 10 years and I think when Mekonen was in S. Africa I think you collaborated to translate it
            The ideas in Sharp”s booklet are valid and they work, although they did not articulate it that well or formulate it in this way, Ghandi did it, Mandella did it and Gladwell in his book David and Goliah also cites how people undermined the German generals when a French town refused to give up the Jews, eg when a young girl waited on him, she deliberately spilled coffee on uniform and there are many exmaples that work ans surprise you
            So it worked in Egypt and Tunisa. My question to u is how come it did not work in Libya, in Syra? answer that and u will know if it will work in Eri
            For this to work in Eritrea this must happen:
            Reopen Unversity of Asmara, bring back the high school from Sawa in their towns, demobilize the endless Sawa.
            I am saying it will not work in Eri not because we are different but the society is setup in a different way, the regime doe not care, like in Libya will mow them and since the youth are not in their home the resistance cannot sustain. in Tunisai, the government was dictatorship but they had a point they cannot tolerate, so do you think the dictatorship in Tunsia and PFDJ are the same. In Ethiopia , it pressuring the government and ppl are killed, bu they have the right to demonstrate to begin with. I also believe this will work in Sudan, because Sudanese are allowed to demonstrate for sugar shortage, in Eritrea u are not allowed to demonstrate for water shortage, u see where I am getting and also no journalist will cover this to expose the regime. Freedom Friday was good idea, it did not work, not enough ppl opposed silently, this is even safer, if ppl stopped going out once a week and the city was deserted and slowly upping the ante
            This formula works, but application is important. Sharp says destroy your own property, good one.
            I have a better idea, in theory if we stopped sending money to our families, even if they starve if enough ppl do i, it will pressure regime to change little or start. Why not if ppl are willing to get shot demonstrating
            We can actually build on Sharp’s ideas but we have to customize it by studying PFDJ and undermining it with the innovated ideas
            When Ghadi was doing it his enemy cared about its reputation, killing an armed ppl. The Palestinians accomplished more with the 15 years kids, why because Israel was shamed killing kids than armed men, these are the words of the late Shemon Pereze, they defeated us he said.
            I hope, i am wrong but I think I have the logic here.
            Now tell me how will apply Sharp’s formulas in Eritrea. But before u do that let me ask u when soldiers are ordered to shot at kids who escape from a truck, do u think that it is lost on them that they can just arrest them in days from Asamra?
            Ok, it will work in Eri but the price will be heavier than fighting the government with guns and attacking it by sneaking it, and assassinating its top leaders

          • Beyan

            Selam Yohannes, Berhe, & iSem,

            iSem saved the day in poking a lot of holes as it relates to the mechanisms of change, its viability or lack-thereof-it in Eritrea. iSem is brutally honest about it. Berhe, I will not say what will work what won’t until I see the link you sent, hopefully, this weekend. Meanwhile, iSem has given us the bitter pill, if you will, for us, if not to swallow it, to wallow in it, many thanks for that.

            Separating these issues into asynchronous and synchronous would help us, perhaps, find some clarity in this. By asynchronous I have in mind what iSem and Berhe raised, which deals with how to create robust mechanism to help expedite the change from within the country, whether by the barrel of guns or by peaceful means. Berhe’s belief seems to gravitate toward the latter, while iSem has no compunction about it and seems to not only entertain the idea of the former but appears to believe that might just be the most logical and practical resolution to the endless misery of the cursed nation called Eritrea. This is asynchronous for many reasons, chief among which is that we are outside the line of fire, we have no direct access, be it via intricate means of communication as iSem has alluded to it or any other ways. There is, however, something that’s wishing our own immediate reach that we can do something about, that leads to the second perspective, what I am terming synchronous approach.

            So, for us to effect change, we must first work on the synchronous part of the equation. When I say synchronous I have in mind all of the known entities, be it individuals, civil societies, communities outside Eritrea, media outlets, and opposition political groups, too many to name here. Synchrony among these groups will, I believe, create an opportunity to entertain what iSem and Berhe are addressing, namely, finding an opportune moment to be in synch with those who are getting the brunt of the mayhem inside Eritrea. I have a well-informed, well rounded, well-read friend who challenges me by saying find me one tangible thing that Eritrean political opposition groups have done toward challenging the regime, I cannot, for the life of me, find one. On the other hand, this friend add that all of the substantive financial blows at the Eritrean regime’s coffers outside Eritrea came from individuals diligently and doggedly focusing on one actionable item, and they succeeded at accomplishing the task.

            It is for this reason I believe Eritreans in diaspora need to find a way of synchronizing their goals, objectives, immediate and long term actionable items; unless and until that’s done, I am afraid we will continue to be in disarray. Without belaboring to parrot what you, Yohannes bro, thoughtfully outlined, every idea of which I find myself agreeing with. Perhaps, the answer lies somewhere between what iSem and Berhe are propounding. But then again, I shall reserve that until I do the homework that Berhe has urged us to do.



          • Berhe Y

            Dear iSem,

            Here is my problem with you and others like you, that I am afraid you will throw at me.

            You are pretending that you read the document and that you fully understand the method but I don’t believe you have or that you understand.

            II asked you to watch the video for this particular reason because I believe you will find an answer to your skepticsm why it not work in Eritrea.

            You see you start with a precondition that, for this to work in Eritrea this must happen (like AU needs to open, etc etc).

            I am not saying sharp method will work all the time if it’s not followed throughly.

            I tell you why it didn’t work in Lybia, Syria, China or Yemen.

            In all cases it’s pretty clear they omitted his
            Lesson 1:
            NO PLAN and NO Strategy.

            And the second reason it failed is because of
            Lesson 2:

            They revert to violence (the opposition). Which according to Sharp, you (opposition) shoujd not fight the government with what it’s good at (violence).

            What you to understand is, using his method does not mean, ezgio Meharena Kirstos mhlale, but actually it means going to WAR but really and super prepared.

            Let me remind you, last time we heard the Akria movement, you were critical that they will win. That you thought the PFDJ will like up their tanks and kill (not in those words). But you saw the results, they forced the regime to back down and the solidiers to shoot in the air.

            What followed was the real problem, because the young kids didn’t have a plan and strategy how to use the opportunity. That is, for example they were limited in their demand to keep the school open. But they had the strategy, the demand is never ending (until the government is removed – take a lesson from the Oromo movement), the government meets one demand and ask another demand, and another and another until you force it to run away or resign.

            So in Akria case, the demand should be
            1) leave our school open
            2) the second demand is release Haji Musa
            3) release all political prisoners
            4) implement constitution
            5) hold elections
            6) etc, etc

            The power of the movement gets bigger and bigger abd that of the government smaller and smaller.

            The key in winning is, first you find the pillars of power the regime depends on. Like police, military, etc etc and shift those powers towards the movement (like in Egypt, Serbia, Tunisia), and they basically stop taking orders from the government.


          • Thomas

            Hi Berhe hawina,

            I won’t spoil this for you, but if it has been so hard for the over 100 million ethiopians, how hard can it be to silence the 3 million people. Most of all, Eritreans are so divided and it will take much time to build the trust. One thing I know is, NO one will want to defend this rotten regime. I have heard the damage the “hamishai” or the (5th line” was causing, imagine if we can build that kind of underground fighters. All it takes will be determinations and creating “angry birds”. If people are very angry and ready to fight, there is no one stopping them. We will not need hundreds of thousands fighters for this.

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Thomas,

            Can you please watch the documentary and then let’s discuss why it will not viable for us? Please stop your bias…do so with open mind…

            Again, I think you are making an assumption that the entire Eritrean army will be standing with PFDJ.

            At the same time, we are confusing what Sharp calls “atomization” with division.

            What we have in Eritrea is “atomization” meaning we are (most of us) act in our own (as individuals). So sharp Lesson 2: Overcome “atomization”.

            Eritreans demonstration in unison raising the pictures of Hajji and Abune Antonios is a clear sign that we are not divided as we we believe we are.


          • Thomas

            Hi Berhe,

            I will watch the documentary today.

            No, I have mentioned that the regime is rotten and no one will defend the regime. So, we won’t need to build a huge military, we will only need to have small army to encourage the national services recruits to turn their guns to the dictator. Issayas responds better when threatened with a military (weyane’s attack forced him to accept measures he would never accept under normal conditions).

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Thomas,

            You probably remember my last week comment when I was super angry and mad after I heard the death of DuruE and how the prisoners at era-ero are kept.

            And I will not disagree with you or oppose you if there exist such alternative to vaporize Isayas Afeworki and his inner circles.

            But if you follow Sharp method, that type of action has a profound consequences.

            1) We will be disadvantaged fighting such regime who has the experience to fight by violence. We will be falling in his trap and it will create a problem that we can’t get out. A good example is, how the Syrian and Yemen resistance turned out.

            2) It’s usually the case that any chance that comes by violent meant end up creating more violence to no end. e.g. Libya.

            NV means is not only about removing the regime, but how to successful transition to democracy can create citizens that are not afraid of the authorities.

            I met this Tunisian guy and we were talking politics. He told me, from our independence from France in 1957 until the revolution, we only had 2 governments.

            But since the revolution we already have 5. Basically the people have taken over the ownership and no body will rule them indefinably any longer.

            As for IA, he is anchuwa and I agree with you. But it’s one thing when you have the Ethiopian army coming at you but it’s totally different thing when you have few brave souls fighting you.


          • iSem

            I am not sure if I understood it, it but I read it and it is good one
            Am not assuming the military will side with the government, because the army u see is not going to be deployed during crisis, the police will not. You are assuming that Eritrean government is structured in a normal way, where a dictatorship at the top with the defense minster with all powers who can make decision
            Now answer, how come Freedom Friday failed, how come it did not work in Libya, how come it did not work in Syra, the ppl actual reverted to violnce, do u think that ppl prefere to die or prefer the hard way?
            Sharp; will work in some dictatorship, not in Eritrea and in Libya, that is what am saying and it simple with lots of common sense
            ok, the Akria said leave our school open, but they killed its leader and imprisoned/disappeared many ppl. Ad mark my word, they will tear the school apart, it will not go open like this for a long.
            the university of asmara, sawa school, fb etc etc, are not precondition, I was saying that if that the case this document will work, is applicable
            Now answer why it did not work in Syria and Libya, then maybe I will change my mind
            I already told u why it worked in egypt and tunisa and there are reasons for it now u are repeating what they did in egypt and tunisa, I also told u how ppl dared the Nazis by simple act, humiliating them. hint, egypt and tunisa the others where it worked that u love to give as example are government that would not shot at disabled ppl of wheel chair, keep that in mind.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi iSem,

            There is nothing I can say to you will convince you. And I get that, and it’s good that you give it to me, with your unreserved feeling. That’s why we get along really good I think:).

            Each country and each situation is different. So we can’t assume what worked in Egypt will work in Eritrea. And we can’t also assume what it didn’t work in Syria will also not work in Eritrea. I understand you correctly, you are saying the difference if it will or not, depends on the type of government you are fighting. This is true but not always the case.

            I am telling you, and this is a fact, there is no authoritarian government that will allow you to demonstrate, to up rise, willingly. All authoritarian governments do so, because they are forced, otherwise they are not authoritarian.

            You are saying, Ethiopia allows demonstrations…really and they are doing so willingly. NO. So does Egypt, so does many others. They do so, when they know their power has shifted and they can’t do anything about it.

            Let’s look at Ethiopia for example. These whole thing started with government policy to expand the capital to the Oromo region. That started the demonstration…and government after it found out there is no chance…it has reverse the decision..but that’s not enough. It was a rallying point for a well organized group (Qeero) that is leading the demonstration from inside (I believe so, their tactics is very clear). Their demands getting bigger and bigger…release opposition leaders, people arrested, force government to resign and now where we are…

            Just remember, it all started with opposing a government policy (a simple policy as that).

            In other words, the people create the condition….not the government.

            It gives me hope in Eritrea that this is possible because:

            1) There are groups like Arbi Harnet. You call it failed but I don’t think they have failed. They are recording video and smuggling, they are calling and talking to people (who ever those who are doing). They have not failed at all….it is still going.

            2) We thought the army and the police are under full control of the regime. Akria proved to us that it’s not the case. I don’t have all the details but I think Adi Halo also proved that’s not the case.

            3) there is the opportunity to organize people at the mosques, at the churches.

            4) There is the opportunity to organize at the schools..the holidays (like the Oromo) such as Timqet and other religious events, national holidays (Independence day, remembrance day) etc.

            Ok, watch the movie and we will talk more.


          • Paulos

            Selam iSem,

            The joke is, if people in Eritrea hit the streets and demonstrate, the government will declare State of Emergency as in suspending all the laws enshrined with in the Constitution.

          • Yohannes Zerai

            Dear Berhe,

            Thank you for your comment on my rejoinder to Beyan’s earlier comment and for citing reference materials in support of the idea that you have been advocating. You argue that the Eritrean opposition should not exclude peaceful resistance as a possible strategy for fighting the dictatorship in the country. I also remember reading exchanges you had had on the same topic with other forumers under different threads in the past.

            Conceiving (or identifying) an idea, convincing oneself of its validity/workability and undertaking advocacy and popularization tasks for it provide a guaranteed pathway to an effective ACTION which gives the idea a practical expression and ensures its implementation on the ground. I therefore commend you for your persistence as an avid advocate of the strategy of “Nonviolent Resistance” which you have been doing with unmistakable passion. Please, continue the effort of arguing the philosophy and practicality behind the strategy and the benefits and advantages to be had by adopting it. Specifically, try to advocate and popularize the strategy by contextualizing it in terms of the socio-political realities of our country and the unique nature of the dictatorship there. Stay engaged in those activities, seek the support of individuals and groups that are accessible to you and try to convince as many of us as possible to the extent that a consensus would begin to emerge around the proposed strategy – a consensus that will have to be built based on the power of the proposed idea, associated reasoning, tangible evidences, facts on the ground, etc.

            Now, by way of addressing other points of your rejoinder, let me jot down the following:

            1. I fully support your appeal to the forumers that the strategy you proposed be examined and debated as an alternative to other strategies (as opposed to rejecting it offhand as some are likely to do). “At least giving it some thought”, as you put it, is not only the right thing to do, but it is a logical process by which the opposition movement can move towards consensus on the issue.

            2. I thank you for providing the link to the video titled “From Dictatorship to Democracy” and the suggested reading contained therein. I did quickly go through the video, but will have to watch it again with greater concentration tonight. I also promise to do serious reading on the subject when, and as, time permits.

            3. The strategy of Nonviolent Resistance was successfully and famously used by renowned revolutionary leaders (e.g., Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King, etc) and had been found effective in overthrowing dictators in many countries (e.g., Serbia, Ukraine). Therefore, its value and efficacy as a strategy has never been in doubt. What is in question is rather the applicability of the strategy to the unique circumstances of our country.

            In other words, one needs to convincingly explain how the strategy could be implemented in Eritrea effectively in the face of the excessive constraints that the regime has placed on our people – constraints that did not exist in the countries where the strategy succeeded in overthrowing dictatorships. An example of this can be pulled out from the link you provided. On that video, the leader of the anti-Milosovic resistance in Serbia, Srdja Popovic later explains the success of the struggle by rhetorically asking “Will you [the regime] go and prosecute the kids for wearing out [sic] T-shirts when there is not a single law which bans wearing anything on a T-shirt?” This clearly shows that, unlike in Eritrea, there was a semblance of legality in Serbia that the resistance movement could exploit for its advantage. One cannot hope to find such leeway in Eritrea!

            No one would be surprised if a dictator says that he will not allow anyone to try to establish democracy and multi-party political system in the country he rules. But President Isaias Afewerki goes far beyond that and asserts, publicly and with a straight face, that he will not allow anyone to even THINK about such possibilities! He is on record as having said in a formal TV interview “If there is anyone who wants to think of democracy and multiparty system in this country, they can do so in the moon or in another planet!” Given this, it is really very difficult to imagine that a nonviolent resistance (with all that such strategy entails) can be undertaken in Eritrea while things remain in their PRESENT STATE!

            4. It was reported (I believe in erimedrek.com) that immediately after the October 31, 2017 mass uprising, President Isaias Afewerki chaired a meeting of his top security/intelligence chiefs at which he expressed puzzlement at how hundreds of citizens managed to march all the way from Akhriya to city center without being stopped by the police; and exasperatingly wondered if the regime’s security apparatus is still in existence! I sincerely share the president’s puzzlement albeit for different reasons and with different concerns.

            So dear Berhe, given your strong interest in the issue, you seem to have your work cut out for you. Just find out how the Akhriya Uprising managed to be as successful as it was and BINGO, you may have all the “tools” – ideas, evidence, facts and figures, etc. – you need to convince us that the strategy of “Nonviolent Resistance” can indeed be implemented successfully in Eritrea and to explain to us “how so”! Then, you and I would confidently dismiss the concern I have raised in Point #3 above as being not well-founded!

            Finally, let me confess that I have been trying to be a little humorous as I concluded my remarks! But, the serious message I want to put across is that WE ALL need to thoroughly study the October-31 event and learn as much as we possibly can from it.

            Thank you

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Yohannes,

            Thank you for the valuable and detail feed back. I will time to digest what wrote.

            Thank you,

          • Beyan

            Selam Berhe,

            I read Yohannes’s meticulously outlined response laced with optimism related to the viability of your ideas in conducting a revolution via peaceful means based on Gene Sharp’s nonviolent revolution rule book. I watched the video and I need not only watch it again, but will have to read the book, too, time permitting, of course.

            Now, the burden shouldn’t fall on one individual just because you are the one who is bringing the issue up. Here is what I suggest ought to happen. You can coordinate this offline. You can even create an email just for this purpose via which interested individuals can start the conversation about this.

            Strategies of the sorts you have in mind requires tightly knit – secure – interaction. That’s the first rule in my book.

            Now, to do that, obviously, you need to absolutely make sure of knowing those who wish to be involved. I know next to nothing about you nor do I know who Yohannes Zerai nor do I know iSem and vice versa. For this to work that trust needs to be established. I am not sure how you can make this work at the logistics of it alone. I can certainly volunteer my e-mail since I had given it publicly on many occasions. And I can play the role of the conduit who can pass e-mail of interested party to you as they become available. We can take it from there.

            My e-mail is beyan.negash@gmail.com. I have been thinking about this since I watched the clip that you shared. Some ideas have been fleetingly passing through my mind that I believe could conceivably work in Eritrea’s case. But, it needs to be scrutinized by sharp minds like the Awate forum members. So, the ball is in your court. You have me for starters and I believe Yohannes Zerai is not too far behind, gathering from his meticulously penned – last – note.


          • Berhe Y

            Dearest Negash,

            Thank you so much. I will email you back.


          • Yohannes Zerai

            Dear Beyan, Berhe and iSem,

            I thank Beyan for proposing a way of advancing the debate and exchange of ideas on this important topic of “effective strategy for political struggle against tyranny” in Eritrea. I agree with you that the responsibility of examining possible implementation of the strategy of Nonviolent Resistance (and possibly developing one that is specifically tailored to the unique realities of our country) is not something that should, or even can, be left to an individual or two. Indeed that is why, although I jokingly appeared to be throwing the task at Berhe in my earlier comment, I did conclude my statement on a sober note stressing that WE ALL should take part in the endeavor. I would also like to express my support for the setup that Beyan proposed for getting this incipient mission going. I say this with full realization that, as the process moves forward, the suggested setup will have to be refined, adjusted and developed further so as to enhance the effectiveness and outputs of the effort.

            The standard mode of interaction at Awate.com is such that forumers engage in a fast-paced exchange of almost-spontaneous ideas on a thread (or threads) generated by a given posting/article before moving on, a few days later, to deal with new threads sparked off by a successor posting/article. Interestingly enough, these conditions are almost contrary to the requirements of a debate/discussion that aims at developing a political strategy. For the latter, what is needed is a slow-paced, but sustained engagements involving the exchange of deliberate, considered and well-formulated opinions that take time to develop and mature in the mind of the person proposing them. I am therefore glad to see Beyan suggest the first step in the process of devising an altogether different mechanism for running such a well-structured and coordinated communication between and among participants.

            I thank Beyan and Berhe for their their confidence in me and for inviting me to serve as one of the potential participants in the planned debate/discussion that we all believe needs to be undertaken if progress is to be made towards achieving our shared goals. I would be glad to devote my very limited capabilities to the proposed joint effort to the extent permitted by the time constraint under which I am forced to operate. I will shortly reach out to Beyan for purposes of opening a channel of communication with the “Group”. Wish all good luck with the effort!

            Thank you.

          • Beyan

            Selam Ahwat,

            maHaber seleste kitsissen eyya gddi yeblkan Berhe. There individuals I know at a personal level with impeccable intelligence that I hope I can convince them to be a part of this nascent idea that is at an embryonic stage. We need to figure out a way out of the hell-hole Eritrea is in.

            Yohannes Hawway, worry the least about time constraints. Don’t remind me of the elusiveness of time, now it’s here, now it’s not there – never to be had ever again. I ache for there to be different way of counting time, like 36 hours per day. My trying to speed things up to get 36 hours out of 24 is costing my efficacy and other things are suffering along the way. I am so in a rush these days I even misread notes to a point of conceiving the opposite of what they mean.

            So, at long last, I am coming to a point of where I need to slow down do away with some that should wait, prioritize those that need to be in the front burner. I mean my haste has begun to be so obvious to me to a point of missing a word here, a word there, but they tend to be redeemable – thank goodness – from the context when I write. It is that my fingers go way to fast for my brain or vice versa. This cannot continue. Something must give.

            I had absolutely no time earlier today to watch anything, but a friend sent the clip below, which is 52 minutes long. Anything over 20 minutes I refuse to watch over one sitting. So, I planned to break it down into three episodes. But, when I turned it on, I just couldn’t stop. It speaks to the pain Eritreans are undergoing under the menace at home. I am sure there will be someone who is going to say that they have become the pawns of Tigray, but people cannot invent the pain they experience or have experienced. These young refugees are so mature and the way they describe and analyze what they have gone through and what they think the solution ought to be about their and Eritreans’ predicament it left speechless for a long time, I was dazed, I am still in that state of mind. I came to this space to write you a thank you note and make light of mahber seleste that will grow, but, here you go, it is now turning into an article length piece. You’ve been given enough warning about the clip below, if you are pressed in time, Yohannes do not watch it until you know you can afford to spare the entire time; I guarantee you, you will be glued to your seat:

          • Yohannes Zerai

            Dear Beyan,

            I simply cannot resist the temptation!! You piqued my interest and curiosity by bombarding me with a powerful “sales pitch” and then you expected me to walk away from it all telling myself “Nah…, I will watch it when I have NOTHING ELSE TO DO”!! You made matters even worse by pretending that all you did was nothing more than casually mentioning to me the existence of the video. The pretension even prompted you to advise me “… if you are pressed in time, Yohannes do not watch it until you know you can afford to spare the entire time; …” That was very clever of you!!

            Now that you have gotten me where you wanted me to be, I do not want to waste even a single minute before I rush to watch it. Oh, by the way, I began reading your comment with the intent of responding to it at length. But following the distraction by your “sales pitch”, I decided not to delay watching the video and so had to grudgingly decide to treat you to a much shorter response!! Well, I guess that is a small price you must pay for pulling your trick on me !!


          • Beyan

            Dear Yohannes,

            A touch of humor. A touch of versatility of language. But at the end choosing to do the right thing by deciding to watch is the bottom line, the corollary of which I am certain will lead us to something bigger, better, and more challenging work that waits ahead.

            Glad you opted to watch rather than going into another angle of more intellectually engaging treat that would’ve drawn the heavy hitters like Ismail AA, Dr. Paulos, MS, SGJ, Peace, Fanti – it is not easy to pull Sal though – Wish I knew what makes him tick, I would’ve pulled him right in rather than the valuable time he is giving to a country that needs it the least. It is what it is as Americans love to say when they want to move on. I am happy that you will watch it, and we will take it from there, bro.

            Happy Monday!

          • Yohannes Zerai

            Dear Beyan,

            Having facetiously indicated to you some 20 hours ago that your recommendation had indeed persuaded me to watch immediately the video you provided, I feel I must now report back with my general impressions about its contents.

            As I had promised then, I started watching it right after I posted my last rejoinder addressed to you, and stayed riveted to it for the entire 52-minute duration of the interview. I agree with you about the sincerity of the stories that the refugees narrated regarding their prior conditions in Eritrea. Indeed, I found their accounts both credible and educational in terms of revealing the difficult circumstances that each of them experienced back home, as well as in terms of defining their respective reasons for deciding to leave the country. More importantly, I was able to draw hope and a sense of satisfaction from the message that ALL of the participating young refugees tried hard to put across to all Eritreans who care and are willing to listen: They urge Eritrean opposition groups abroad to merge and/or unite so as to create a more powerful and effective movement; they argue that Eritreans inside and outside the country should get organized and heighten their political awareness in order to be able to wage a coordinate struggle against the dictatorship; they sincerely express their yearning to go back to a peaceful and democratic homeland before long! In my opinion, these declarations speak volumes about the state of mind of the refugees.

            It goes without saying that a much deeper and broader analysis of the video’s contents may be made and one can even identify and explain lessons that can be drawn therefrom. But those are tasks for another day. For now, let me express my gratitude to you for having shared such a refreshing and inspiring video.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Yohannes,

            So, did you get what we mean?


    • iSem

      Hi BY and Ayneta:
      Ayneta welcome back
      Dr. Haile Mihtsun is a walking archive of all IA crimes, not just after independence but even before, but he keeps his counsel and seems that he has made his decision and I do not see anyone can guilt trip to do otherwise.
      But it is not for lack of information that pfdj is still in power, everyone known the crimes, believe it or not, the ppl have known even before these criminals came to Asmara. As Sal reminds us the degree of separation in Eritrean society is just 3, But the ppl decided to move on and it seems they will do the same, All the crimes tjat we think was revelation when Alena or Foro or TT or Yemane T talk about half of it ppl in Asmara knew about. That is why I agree when Ayneta said he is disappointed with us, We have enough information , we have to decide, to act or stop wasting our time
      The enemy we face to b so cruel and so coward to to do that to his ppl like what sacittism said HD was blind and lost the limbs and was crawling in Ela-Ero before he died. This is depressing is a commentary on the people. When I read your comment and Ayneta’s I listened to it and validates my long held belief against he regime.
      Exposing the regime is good, at the utmost the international community condemn it, but that will not solve our problem, The solution seems now that we have to wait until IA dies and then during the transitom the mafia will duke it for power and they will fall, but they will take the country with them or a Filipos will be in charge and he will keep IA legacy and keep the country even worse than now. As you said they replace the thugs with new ones like Niricc and game is over, perpetual mourning and vicious cycle, It is goomy

      • Nitricc

        semere; what I failed to understand is why are you people just mind your modern slavery life? why do you worry about Eritrea? you have done nothing to the country i.e. shut the F-UP. just mind your business and leave Eritrea to those who paid with their life. You had a chance to do something for the country but you fled like with your tails between your legs. So, I have this to say, mind your business and worry about your pathetic life. you diam right we are going to lead the country in to glory while you are somewhere in a nursing home in Canada. worry about your miserable life, if you have one.

        • iSem

          I am happy to leave eri to those who paid for it, what am not prepared to do it to leave Eritrea to ghettobred, foster home brought up kids like yiu, who have no manners and who are unstable

          • Nitricc

            Semere; you have manners? do you read your posts? Dude, you are no one but a coward with a big mouth. Like I have said, shut up! you have done nothing for the country and leave it to those who did something. You had the chance to do something and you didn’t and let us answer the call. you are expired, done!!!!

          • iSem

            I hear the military cut the benefit to cover medication for the bi polar for those who were unable to be promoted from private

          • Nitricc

            Semere; all I am saying is everyone should worry about their life. You should do the same. just worry about Semere and sit back and wait for your welfare check to arrive. Since your destiny is complete, live in Canada and die with welfare check; THE END! so, chill out and carry on with your life-less life.

          • iSem

            Hi Nitricc:
            I am not going to do that, I told u what I am going to do and not to
            But I plan to live long enought to make life hell of your retards like you, to shame your and your ypfdj gangsters

          • Nitricc

            semere; I will take that ending than yours, in a nursing home waiting to die in misery. lol You better start looking for better nursing home. I have told you, your destiny is sealed! In nursing home in Canada, the end! for your eulogy, well he a black slave from Africa. Amen!!!! lol a black man from Afrrica who lived his whole live on welfare. I can hear some say good riddance lol.

          • blink

            Dear Semere
            Are a pensioner? Just s side question.

          • iSem

            what does pensioner mean?

          • Nitricc

            semere it means Retiree. people depend for a social safty net when they are Retiree but since you are using life long that is why Blink trying to tell you. so blink was telling social safety net is for pensioner or retiree. enjoy your social safety net for life.

          • blink

            Dear Nitricc
            What social safety net is that ? you mean people with out job while they are not 70 years old !! Oww I heard they are called social disease that suck up people and dry the pool . So how does this guy travel to South Korea and all to Brazil from Canada, it’s a long hull flight.

          • blink

            Dear isem
            A life long worker and when it is time to hung up the shoes after time then you have a pensioner.

          • iSem

            Dear Blink. No, i have a few decades to do that

          • blink

            Dear isem
            I wish you a very successful decades to come.

          • Natom Habom

            hi sem it s welfare healthy to give long life ?
            just thinking warrior behind screen

      • Berhe Y

        Dear iSem,

        Glad we agree that no matter happens at bottom, our faith will have no change as long as IA is in power. Like they say, if you want to kill a snake you have to hit his head.

        First let me say this. If Ethiopia/TPLF, CIA, NATO or anyone else decide to vaporize IA and his circle of cronies, I don’t and I can say majority of ERITREAN people have a problem with it. But, but they are not offering and if it’s up to me, I would not be refusing and I don’t think majority of ERITREAN people.

        You said, if IA replaces the guards with others in Era Ero, you agree that nothing will change. But you said if he replaces them with others like Nitricc. If I understanding you correctly, you are implying the guards are supporters of the regime (like Nitricc is), and I don’t think it’s the case at all. With the exception of the few at the top, most of them are forced to be there. If you read the details of sactism, I think you get the clear picture of the guards.

        You mentioned how Eritreans ELF freeed those 1000 plus prisoners during the Derg times. It’s very important lesson that we need to draw from. I ask you a question now.

        How do you think that escape happpened. Did a mob of 10,000 marched and broke the prison gates and released them. Off course not.

        So your question, why Eritreans are not able to free anyone in PFDJ times needs to qualified. So I will ask you, how do you think they were able to do so???

        I don’t know the details and I hope people like AH, Ismael and others who know the story can elaborate. But if I had to guess, it required extra ordinary, and meticulous planning and execution.

        In other words, it’s an operation which had clear plans and goals. It’s not that happened by accident.

        Here is a challenge to us all. How can we replicate the operation of Sembel in Era Ero?


        • iSem

          Hi BY:
          Well, Not only I will not refuse the offer but I salivate for it, but it will not happen IA is not nothing a threat to warrant that 😉
          We all know how the 1000 prisoners were freed but that is only the biggest news, eritreans easily robbed banks, kidnapped spies from inside Asmara, other towns were piece of cake for them
          Yes the guards are not all PFDJ, they are victims like Bahta and thanks for them we know the plight of the victims. When I say prison guardeds I do not just mean the physical, I meant the system, there is systems to the prison operations. It is not unlike the Dergi and HS era. But we failed to even release one. What Ayneta said and I always repeated is : a nation that tortures its founding fathers/mothers will see a future that is uncertain for a long time, i hope am wrong, I really do, but brace for this.

          Now I repeat what I used to tell u: the people must survived to see the light of the day, survive in their culture, in their mental health, in their community and their unity and it seems they are not. There are good things happening in the charity area, where Eritreans are helping the refugees in Ethiopia and sudan and even those in stranded in France. But as you and I always discussed what the PFDJ is doing to make us homeless, drug addicted and prostitutes is taking its toll. So the opp as I said before must stop focusing on PFDJ, they failed in it, maybe they are not qualified for it, like a students who thinks he is good in math but he is really good in economic and finds out later, maybe the opp need to change to charity to help keep the society their culture and their dignity. As BN said, we are reactive, reactivity is only good in chemical reaction
          The 1000 prisoners were freed by the collaboration of Etireans who worked inside the system and now they are even plenty of them, it should have been easier. yet the crimes are far worse because you cannot even protect yourself from the enemy inside your belly like a virus and that mutates everyday. Dergi was a criminal who murdered close to million people in Ethiopia and Eritrea but now PFDJ is doing the same with an improved MO, only in Eritrea and who know how many they murdered.They do not drag the dead in the streets, oh that is improvement for the pfdj supporters, but they drop it outside your door. HD was imprisoned twice and his family knew where he was and even the first time they managed to free him, the second time his friends freed him along the 1000 prisoners.
          Too early for this and the comment may not be coherent, try your best

          • Berhe Y

            Dear iSem,

            I know what you are saying and I am not in disagreement with you.
            I asked you specifically, how do you think Eritreans freed those 1000 prisoners.

            And you respond

            “The 1000 prisoners were freed by the collaboration of Eritreans who worked inside the system and now they are even plenty of them, it should have been easier.”

            Well this is half of the story… It’s not Eritrean inside who worked together to free them..but it’s ELF and their fedayin and their leaders who planned the whole operation.

            You are better than me at remembering stuff you read long time ago, do you remember Keleta Kidane articles….

            The challenge is, if you iSem is in charge of such operation…what would you do? And I ask that to all of us, who have the luxery of time and space to think, to explore, to read, to write and to plan…..

            The challenge is not in the execution part but in the planning and coming up with strategy….

            You my friend and all of us, instead of trying to list all the reason what’s wrong with our people and how bad the PFDJ is, we have to shift out thoughts and come up with a strategy and plan how to defeat the system.


          • iSem

            Hi BY:
            of course, collaborating with the ELF, i took that as given, u have to have that military backing, that can come in from the jungle to asmara. yes I rem Kelta Kidane and he said that Seyoum Harestai gave them the map from inside the prison, this tells you he was not in confinement , he had a pen, he could write and he could give it to the guard, who could smuggle it. There was need to built t he Ela-Ero prison in remote areas. And those in karcheli is less challenging but still the link with the outside armed movment is very hard, so the onus is on the military warden
            Now is totally different, Prison is in Ela-Ero remote area, no one can go there. So that is why the onus is only on the conscience of the prisoner military manager system, very hard to collaborate with anyone outside. This is the improved MO than the Dergi. The G-15 did not do any crime close that Haild D did to Dergi but he was in Sembel, so you have to factor that when you think about that. But the prison warden who is in charge of the Ela-Ero can do that, he know who is a pfdj guard, he can send them for vacation to asmara or their village, he can manipulate it.
            Ela -Ero is the Siberia of Russia where millions died, so we are facing a challenge more than planning a to free prisoner, it is the very DNA of PFDJ is to destroy Eritrea and the fact this idea that was done before has not been tried even if with failure speaks to what we have become. Now I suspect the Semere escape and even Dejen. The first is suspected of wrecking havoc in the opposition and the later did not keep his promise to tell us more almost 4 years after his escape

          • Berhe Y

            Dear iSem,

            It was given but I am sure you were putting that into consideration when we speak about our people failure not to challenge the regime.

            First I think, no matter how evil the PFDJ is, it’s made up of people (IA and his followers) and it can be defeated.

            If we do not believe that possible, then there is point in making arguments about thus it that. Let’s agree and forget the power / evil of the pfdj aside. We know what it is and we know what’s capable of.

            We have that out of the way, now the question we need to ask is, given what we have to work with, i.e. evil regime, no organized opposition (armed or otherwise) , lack of basic asssembly etc.

            What are the weakness the regime has that we can and we need to exploit in order to achieve our goals?

            Well Seyoum may have provided the blue print of the prison but I think Sactism have provided the blue print of the whole operation of the prison with list of names and the condition of those who operating it.


  • Beyan

    I know, I know I am getting copy-and-paste-happy here. But, the power of the voice and the content of the message is spot on. This was posted at assenna sometime in the month of November that I saved in the sound cloud. So, this, I promise is the last one for tonight, I think I have given you enough to keep you sustained for several days.

  • Beyan

    Selamat All,
    Here is one eyewitness account of Aboy Musa that speaks to his character by veteran tegadaly, Weddi Blatta. Thank you Ato Mohammed Berhan Blata for educating us and the new generation:

    ሓርበኛ ኣይነብርን እዩ ታርኹ እዩ ዝነብር
    ሃገራውን ሰውራውን ተዘኩሮታተይ ምስ ጅግና ስውእ ሓጅ ሙሳ መሓመድኑር
    ብገዲም ተጋዳላይ መሓመድ ብርሃን ብላታ
    ስውእ ጅግና ሙሳ መሓመድኑር

    ኩቡር ሓርበኛ ኣቦና ሓጅ ሙሳ መሓመድኑር ነታ ኣብ ሰምየን ከተማ ኣስምራ ዝተደኮነት ቤት ትምህርቲ ኣልድያእ ኣኽርያ ዝምልከት ኮይኑ እቲ ብስርዓት ህግደፍ ዝተላዕለ ዘይፍትሓዊ ጠለብ ብኹሉ መዐቀኒታት ቁቡል ስለ ዘይነበረ፡ ሓጅ ሙሳ መሓመድኑር ዘማእክላ ንቤት ትምህርቲ ድያእ እተካይድ ኮሚተ፡ እቲ ጠለብ ብስርዓት ህግደፍ ምስ ቀረበ፡ ንመሰል እታ ቤት ትምህርትን መሰል ተመሃሮን ብኡ ኣቢሉ ንህዝቢ ዝትንክፍ ስለ ዝነበረ ከም ዘይትቕበሎ ብትብዓት ኣብ መርገጻ ጸኒዓ ምስ ነጸገቶ፡ ንሰበስልጣን ስርዓት ህግደፍ ስለ ዘይተዋሕጠሎም ከም እመሎም ከምቲ ኣብ ከተማ ኣስመራ ኣብ ልዕሊ ካልኦት ዝውንኑወን ኣብያትምህርታት ይኹና፡ ንሃይማኖት ጠቐስ ዝነበረ ንጥፌታት ደው ከብሉዎን ክዓጽዉዎን ንገለ መራሕተን ክኣስሩን ዝጽንሑ፡ ቤት ትምህርቲ ኣድያእ ውን ተረኣ በጺሑዋ ከይተማትኡ ንሓጅ ሙሳን ምስ ኩሉም ኣባላት ኮሜተ ኣብ ቀይዲ ከም ዝኣትዉ ምግባሮም ካብ’ቲ ኩሉ ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዝወርድ ዘሎ ንኽትገልጾ ዘጸግም ማእላያ ዘይብሎም ግብፍዕታ ፈሊኻ ዝረአ ኣይኮነን።
    ሓጅ ሙሳ መሓመድኑር ንእስታት ሓሙሽተ ወርሒ ኣብ ቀይዲ ድሕሪ ምጽናሕ ኣብ መበል 94 ዓመት ዕድሜኡ ካብዛ ግዝያዊት ዓለምና እቲ ዘይተርፍ መጓዕዝቲ ወዲ ሰብ ዝኾነ ብሞት ተፈልዩና እንሆ ብዕለት 3- 3- 2018 ብኣሻሓት ዝግምት ህዝቢ ዝተሳተፉዎ ናይ ስነስርዓት ቀብሪ እታ ናይ መወዳእታ ሓመድ ኣዳም ኣብ መቓብር ሼኽ ኣልኣሚን ከም ዝለበሰ ክረጋገጽ ከሎ ህዝቢ ኣሰርካ ክንክተል ኢና ታሪኽካ ነባሪ እዩ ቅሰን ቅሰስን እንዳበሉ ከፋንውዎ ክሎዉ ሓዘን ዘይኮነስ ኩርዓትን ሓበንን እንዳተሰመዖም ብኡ ኣቢሎም ውን ቀጻልነንት ቃልሶም ከረጋግጽዎ ከሎዉ ንኹሉ ኤርትራ ወኪሎም ዘርኣይዎ ሃገራዊ ንሕን ትብዓትን፡ ንዓና ንመላእ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ኣብ ውሽጢ ሃገር ይኹን ኣብ ዲያስፖራ እንርከብ ዓቢ ኩርዓትን ሓበንን ጥራሕ ዘይኮነስ ቃልስና ከነሕይል ሓድነትና ከነደልድል ብኡ ኣቢልና ንስርዓት ህግደፍ ኣብ ምእላዩ ክንቃላጠፍ ናይ ምብርባርን ሞራልን ከምዝሃበና ኣየጠራጥርን።
    መን እዩ ሓጅ ሙሳ መሓመድ ኑር? ኣብ ዝተናውሐ ቃልሲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ተረኡ እንታይ ነይሩ ብኸመይ ነለልዮን ንገልጾን ዝብሉ ሕቶታት ክምልሽ እንተ ኾይነ፡ ሓጅ መሳ መሓመድኑር ካብ ንኡስ ዕድሜኡ ኣትሒዙ ኣብቲ ሃገራውን ሰውራውን ቃልሲ ህዝቢ ኢርትራ ብትብዓት ዝተሳተፈ ምኩሕ ኢርትራዊ ዜጋ ኮይኑ፡ ካብ ኣርባዓታት ጀሚሩ ኣብቲ ኤትራ ትሃሉ ዶ ኣይትሃሉ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ካብ ናይ ነዊሕ ናይ ዝተፋላለዩ ባዕዳዊያን ገዛእቲ ስርዓታት ተላቒቓ ህዝቢ ባዕሉ ዝውንና ሃገር ሃልያ ከቢሩ ምሉእ መሰሉ ተሓልዩሉ ክነብር፡ ኣብ ኩሎም ንሃገር ዝምልከቱ ናይ ምውሳን መሰል ሃልዩዎ ብኡ ኣቢሉ ኣብቶም ቀንዲ ናይ ሃገር ምዕባሌ ዝኾኑ ቀንድን መሰረታዊያን ረቛሒታት ኣብ ዕብየት ፖሎቲካውን ማሕበራውን ቁጠባውን ሓላፍነት ወሲዱ ጉዕዞ ምዕባሌኡ ክቕጽል ዝብሉ ሃገራዊ ጠለብ፡ ነዞም ዝተጠቕሱ ኣብ ምትግባሮም ሓጅ ሙሳ መሓመድኑር ሓደ ካብቶም ቀንዲ ደረኽቲ ሓይልታት ከም ዝነበረ መዛግብቲ ሃገርና ኤርትራ ዝምስክሮ ሓቂ እዩ ክበሃል ይከኣል።

    ካብዚ ሓቅታት’ዚ ብምብጋስ እምበኣር ሓጅ ሙሳ መሓመድኑር ሓደ ካብቶም መስረቲ ውድብ ምንቅስቓስ ሓርነት ኤርትርታ (ብማሕበር ሸውዓተ) ዝፍለጥ ዝነበረ ኮይኑ ንህዝቢብሓፈሽኡ ብፍላይ ከኣ ኣብ ንመንእሰይ ዘተኮረ ኮይኑ ኣብ ምልዕዓልን ምውዳብን ኣብ ኩሎም ዝካየዱ ንጥፌታት ቀንዲ ተዋሳኣይ ከም ዝነበረ ውን ይፍለጥ።

    ሕቶ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ በቲ ኣበጊሱዎ ዝነበረ ኣብ ሓቀኛ ድልየቱ ዝተሞርኮሰ ሕጋውን ሰላማውን ሃገራዊ ቃልሱ፡ በቶም ኣብቲ ግዜ’ቲ ብደረጃ ዓለምና ላዕለዋይ ኢድ ዝነበሮም ገዛእቲ ሓይልታት ተቐባልነት ስለ ዘይረኸበ፡ ስርዓት ንጉሰነገስት ሃይለስላሴ ንኤርትራ ምጉዕጻጽ ብዙሓት ክጥቀሱ ዝኽእሉ ሽርሕታን ንዓበይቲ ፖሎቲካዊያን ኤርትራዊያን ምቕንጻልን ዝገብሮ ዝነበረ እከይ ተግባራቱ ዝሰሓት ኣይኮነን፡ ይኹን’በር ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ብተባዕ ቃልሱን መስዋእቱን ኣብ ድልየቱ ክበጽሕ ኣሎዎ ዝብሉ ቆራጽ ፖሎቲካዊ ውሳኔኡ ምስ ወሰደ ነዚ ታሪኻዊ ውሳኔኡ ንምትግባር እምበኣር ኣብ ስሳታት ውድብ ተጋድሎ ሓርነት ኤርትራ ተመስሪቱ ከም ውጽኢቱ ድማ ኣብ 1961 ብጅግና ሓምድ እድሪስ ዓዋተ ኣብ ጎቦታት ኣዳል ጋሽ ባርካ ንህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዘበሰረት ናይ መፈለምታ ጥይት ዝተቶከሰት ሰራዊት ሓርነት ኤርትራ ምስ ሃገራዊ ዕጥቁ ምስ ተበገሰ፡ እዚ ሓድሽ ተረኽቦ’ዚ ንስርዓት ሃይለ ስላሴ ኣሰንቢዱዎ ስለ ዘይተቐበሎን ዘይተዋሕጠሉን ስራዊቱ ኣዕጢቑ ብድርኡ ንኽድምስስ ወላ እንተ ፈተነ ጅግና ስራዊት ሓርነት ኤርትራ ብመሪሕነት ሓምድ ዓዋተ እቲ ኲናት ክጅመር ክሎ ኣብ ርእሲ ጸላኢ ውን ብዙሕ ዓወታት ዝለ ዝተመዝገቡ፡ ንህዝቢ ኤርትርታ ዓቢ ብስራት ኮይኑ መቓልሑ ናብ መላእ ኤርትራ ስለ ዝተዘርገሐ ህዝቢ በብኩርናዓቱ ከውደብን ደገፉ ክገልጽን ከም ዝጅመረ ውን ይፍለጥ።

    ካብዚ ርኡይ ሓቅታት’ዚ ብምብጋስ እምበኣር ሓጅ ሙሳ መሓመድኑር ካብቶም ቀዳሞት ናይ ውድብ ተጋድሎ ሓርነት ኤርትራ ስሩዕ ኮይኑ ካብቶም ውሑዳት ሓለፍቲ ስለ ዝነበረ ከተማ ኣስመራን ከባቢኣን ዳርጋ ኣብትሕቲ ምቅጽጻሩ ስለ ዝነበረት ኩሉ እቲ ሰውራዊ ምንቅስቓስን ንጥፌታትን ሓጅ ሙሳ መሕመድኑር ላዕለዋይ ሓላፊ ከምዝነበረ ውን ይፍለጥ፡ እምበኣር ካብዚ ዝተገልጸ ሓቅታት’ዚ ብምብጋስ ኣነ ገዲም ተጋዳላይ መሓመድ ብርሃን ብላታ ኣብ ምንቅስቓስ ሓርነት ኤርትራ ስሩዕን ንጡፍን ስለ ዝነበርኩ፡ ዓወታት ሰራዊት ሓርነት ኤርትራን መቓልሑን ናብ መላእ ኤርትራ ክዝርጋሕ ምስ ጅመረ ጽልውኡ ብፍላይ ኣብ መንእሰያት ምስ ተዘርገሐ ካብዚ ሓድሽ ስውራዊ ምዕባሌ ብምጋስ እምበኣር ከይወዓልካ ከይሓደርካ ክድ ተሰለፍ ኣርክቦ ነቲ ጅግና ዝብሉ ኣብ ኣእምሮም ሰፊሮም ብኽሎም ህዋሳተይ ክደፋፍኡኒ ስለ ዝጀመሩ ናብ እቲ ዝሰርዓኒ ያሲን ክለፋ ኣደም ከይደ ኣካፈልኩዎ እሞ ብሓደ ተታሓሒዝና ናብ ሙሳ መሓመድኑር ኬድና ኣቐዲመ ይፈልጦ ስለ ዝነበረኩ ዝኾነ ጸገም ኣይነበረን፡ እቲ ሰውራዊ ሓሳበይ ምስ እካፈልኩዎ እሞ ክትቅጽሎ ትኽእል ዲኻ ምስ’ቲ ወድ ከተማ ምዃነይ ኣጻምእ ባርካን ናይ ውግእ ሽግራቱን ክምቲ ብማዕዶ ትመዝኖ ቀሊል ከምዘይኮነ ክትጸሮ ትኽእል ዲኻ ዝብሉ ርእይትኡ ኣቕረበለይ ፡ ብወገነይ ንኹሉ ተዳልየሉ ስለ ዘሎኹ ምእንቲ ሃገር ስለ ዝኾነ ውን ክጸሮ እየ ብዓቢ ፍናን ክቃለስ እየ ኣጆኻ ከም ኣያይ ኣየሕፈረካን እየ ዝብሉ መልሰይ ምስ ሃብኩዎ፡ ተቐቢለካ ኣሎኹ ተዳሎ ባዕለይ ከበግሰካ እየ ዝብሉ ዝሃበኒ መልሱ ክሳብ ሕጂ ካብ ኣእምሮይ ኣይኩወሉንን ኣብ ትጽቢት ካኣ ኣቶኹ ኣብ ተጠንቀቕ ስለ ዝኣቶኹ ለይትን መዓልትን ክሓስብ ኣብ ሃወኽ ኣቶኹ፡ እንታይ ከም ዘሎ ክፈልጥ ድሕሪ ሓደ ሰሙን ይምለሶ እሞ በቲ ሕያዋይ ኣቀራርብኡ በቲ ለባም ኣዘራርብኡ ህድእ ኢሉ እዞም ንኣገዳሲ ስርሒት ክፍጽሙ ካብ ሜዳ ዝመጹ ደባይ ተዋጋእቲ ስውእ ስዒድ ሑሴንን ብጾቱን ኣብ ቀይዲ ዘሎዉ ኣብዘን ቁሩብ መዓልታት ነጻ ክወጹ ዝብል ተስፋ ስለ ዘሎና ምሰኦም ክሰደካ እየ ዝብል መልሱ ምስ ሃበኒ ኣብ ቆጾሮ ናይ ቤት ፍርዲ መዓልቱ ፈሊጠ ፍርዶም ክሰምዕ ኣንጊህ ናብ ላዕለዋይ ቤት ፍርዲ ከድኩ፡ ውጽኢቱ ግን ከምቲ ዝተጸበናዮ ወይ ከምቲ እቲ ጠበቐኦም ተስፋ ገይሩሉ ዝነበረ ኣይኮንን፡ ፍርዶም ንዓሰርተ ዓመት ምስ ኮነ ኩሉና መብዛሕትና ስሩዓት ንኽንሰምዕ ኣብቲ ቤት ፍርዲ ስለ ዝነበርና ተጣማሚትና ምልክት ናይ ሕርቃን ኣብነፍሰ ወክፍና ይረአ ምንባሩ ናይ ኩሉና ሓባራዊ ስምዒት እዩ ነይሩ ክበሃል ይካኣል።

    ንጽቢሑቱ ምስ ሙሳ ምስ ተራኸብና ነቲ ኩነታት ብሓባር ርኢናዮ እሞ ጽባሕ ተዳሊኻ ኣብ ድንካን ናይ ኣሕመድ ሓሊ ኣብ ኩርናዕ ህንጻ ናይ እንዳ ፈረጅ ለማ ትርከብ ብዙሕ ግዜ ይመላለሶ ስለ ዝነበርኩ ኣየሕደሸንን፡ ንጽቢሕቱ ዓይነይ ሰለም ከየብልኩ ሓዲረ ደበኽ በልኩ፡ ሓጅ ሙሳ ክጽበየኒ ጸኒሑ ብሓደ ናብ ቤት ሸቐት ጅግና ስውእ መሓመድ ብርሃን ነጋሽ ንኹይድ እሞ ንሱ ንዓይ ዝወስደኒ ነባራይ ከተማ እቑርደት ኣዳልዮም ጽኒሖም ከበጉሱኒ ከሎዉ ሓጅ መሳ ምሓመድ ኑርን መሓመድ ብርሃን ነጋሽን ክልቲኦም በል ብርሃን ኣጆኻ ኣይትሕመቕ ብዙሕ ጸገማት ክህሉዉ ይኽእሉ እዮም ነዚ ፈሊጥካ ትብገስ ስለ ዘሎኻ ንኹሉ ከም ትጸሮ ንተኣማመን ኢና ኣጆኻ ንስኹም ብሜዳ ንሓና ብውሽጢ ብናይ ሓባር ቃልስና ንኤርትራና ነጻ ከነውጽኣ ኢና ደጋጊሞም ኣጆኻ ክብሉኒ ኣብ ሃገራውን ሰውራውን ዝተሞርኮሰ ሞራል ክህቡኒ ክሳብ ናብ ኣውቶቡስ ገጽና ኣርሒቕና ንኸይድ ናይተን ለዋሃት ኣዒንቶም ጠመተኦም ከየቋረጹለይ ዝህቡኒ ዝነበሩ ሓልዮትን ተገዳስነትን ክሳብ ሕጂ ካብ ኣእምሮይ ኣይኵአሉንን፡ እቲ ዝመርሓና ዝነበረ ካብቶም ቀንዲ ስሩዓት ናይ ተጋድሎ ሓርነት ኤርትራ ኮይኑ ናብ ኩለን ክተማታት ማለት ካብ ተሰነይ ሃይኮታ ባረንቱ ኣቐርዳት ከረን ኣስመረ ብሰውራዊ ዕማም ተንቀሳቓሳይ ስለ ዝነበረ ዝኾነ ጸገም ከይተጓነፈና ናብ እቑርዳት ክንኣቱ ከሎና ናብ መንበሪ ስውእ ሳልሕ መሓመድ ስዒድ ኣብጽሓኒ፡ ንሱ ውን ተሓቢሩ ስለ ዝጸንሐ ዝኾነ ጸገም ኣይተጓነፈናን።

    ኣብቲ ዝዓረፍኩሉ ናይ ስውእ ሳልሕ መሓመድ ስዒድ ገዛ ዳርጋ ንዓሰርተ ማዓልታት ምስኡ ክጸንሕ ከሎኹ እቲ ቃልሲ ሓቀኛ ድልየተይን ብስምዒተይን ካብሽዑ ዝጀመርኩዎ ኮይኑ ስለ ዝተሰማዓኒ ኣብ ክሊ ናይ ሰውራዊ መንፈስ ኣትየ ሞራለይ ናይ ብሓቂ መግለጺ ኣይረኽበሉን እንተበልኩ ካብ ሓቂ ዝረሓቐ ኣይኮነን፡ ናብ ናይ ተጋድሎ ሓርነት ኤርትራ ኣሃዱታት ዝርከበኦ ዝነበራ ብልክዕ ኣበይ ክም ዘለዋ ምስ ተሓበረ፡ ኣብ ተጠንቀቕ ውን ስለ ዝጸናኩ በቲ ሩባ ባርካ ኣቢልና ናብ ሰሜየን ከተማ ኣቑርዳት ኣምራሕና እሞ ድሕሪ ናይ ሓደ ሰዓት ዝኾውን ጉዕዞና ኣብ ብጅግና ስውእ ኣደም ግንድፍል ትምራሕ ዝነበረት ኣሃዱ ክጽንበር ከሎኹ ግዝያቱ ኣብ ወርሒ ጉንበት ናይ 1964 አቲ ናይ ጋሽ ባርካ ናይ መታሕት መሪር ጸሓይ ካብ ሽዑ ኣትሒዘ ኣስተማቒረዮን ከም ልምምድ ኮይኑ ኸኣ ንኽጸሮ ብዙሕ ሓጊዙኒ ክብል ይኽይእል።

    እምበኣር እቲ ናይ ፈለማ ናይ ነዊሕ ጉዕዞ ቃልሰይ ክጅምሮ ከሎኹ ናብ ሰራዊት ሓርነር ኤርትራ ተጸምቢረ ከም ጉቡእ በቶም ምኩራት ተጋደልቲ ሓጺር ወተሃደራዊ ታዕሊም ወሰደ ብረተይ ዓጢቐ እቲ ቃልሲ ክጅምሮ ከሎኹ ኣብ ኩሉ ጉዕዞታተይ ሓጅ ሙሳ መሓመድኑር ስለ ዘይተኸወለኒ እቲ መንፈሳዊ ምትእስሳር ኣይቋረጸን ክብል ይኽእል።

    ኣብቲ ናይ ተጋድሎ ሓርነት ኤርትርታ ድሒሩ ዝመጸ ምዕባሌታት ኣነ ካልእ መደብ ተዋሂቡኒ ንስርርዕን ምውዳብን ነስመራ ክንኣቱ ከሎና እቲ ቀዳማይ ንረኽቦን ዝሕግዘናን ሙሳ መሓመድኑር ስለ ስነበረ ምስቲ ዝጸንሓኒ እቲ ኣብ ሓባራዊ ቃልሲ ዝተሞርኮሰ ርኽክብና ኣዝዩ ከም ዝሕይል ምግባሩ ንዓይ ዓቢ ትምህርትን ተሞኩሮን እዩ ነይሩ ክብል ይኽእል።

    ቃልሲ ቀጺሉ ጉዳይ ኤርትራና ብዓወት ምስ ተደምደመ ኣብ 1991 ንእስመራ ድሕሪ 27 ዓመት ምስ ተመለስኩዋ ካብቶም ቀዳሞት ዝረኸብኩዎም እቲ ዝተተምንናዮን ዝተቓለስናሉን ተዓዊቱ ዝብል እምነት ስለ ዝነበረና እቲ ናይ ናጽነት ሃዋሁ ብሓደ ኮይና ከነስተማቕሮ ባህርያዊ እዩ ነይሩ ክበሃል ይከኣል። እምበኣር ተዘኩሮታተይ ምስ ሓጅ ሙሳ መሓመድኑር ክብል ከሎኹ ልዕሊ ሓምሳ ዓመት ዝወሰደ ሓባራዊ ቃልስና ንዘልዓለም ንውሉድ ወለዶ ቀጻሊ ስለ ዝኾነ ንዓና ክብረትን ሓበንን ከምዝኾነ ውን ኣይሰሓትን ።

    ሓጅ ሙሳ መሓመድኑር ንስኻ ጅግና ንስኻ ያታ፡
    ንስኻ ታሪኽ ንስኻ ሰነድ ንስኻ ኣብነት ናይ ሃገር ዋልታ፡
    ቃልሲ ኣበጊስካዮ ብሓቦ ብኒሕ ካብ መፈለምታ፡
    ተወዳዳሪ የብልካን ክዝረበሉ እዩ ናትካ ሓቀኛ ዛንታ፡
    ብቃልስኻን ጻዕርኻን ክትህሉ እያ ኤርትራ ዘይብላ መሰታ፡
    በዘን ውሑዳት ቃላተይ ክድምድም ክለኹ ሓጅ ሙሳ መሓመድኑር ከምቶም ኩሎም ጀጋኑ ስውኣትና ኣብ ነፍሰወክፍ ኤርትራዊ ልብና ሰፊሮም ንውሉድ ወሎዶና ካብቶም ንዝክሮም ስለ ዝኾነ ወላ ብኣካል እንተ ተፈልየና ብስምዒት ብመንፈስ ኣይክፍለየናን እዩ እንዳበልኩ እዛ ሓጻር ተዘኩሮታተይ ይድምድም።

    ንመላእ ህዝቢ ኤርትራን ሙሉኣት ስድራቤቱ ጽንዓትን ሰብርን ንመዋቲ ኸኣ
    ኣላህ ኣብቲ ሰፊሕ ዳሩ ምስቶም ዝሓለፉ ጻድቃናት ይጸንብሮ ራሕሲ ይግደፍ
    እንዳበልኩ ንነፍሰይ ውን የጸናንዓ።
    ዘለኣለማዊ ክብርን ዝኽርን ንሰማእታትና
    ዓወት ንህዝቢ ኤርትራ።

    ብገዲም ተጋዳላይ መሓመድ ብርሃን ብላታ

  • Beyan

    Selam Awatawyan,

    For the same reason as below, I am availing the audio version of the article above. It didn’t dawn on me to the audio when I submitted the article. So, here is the sound cloud:


  • Beyan

    Thank you gentlemen,

    Allow me to thank you all for your kind words below. This essay/eulogy/follow up letter to the first, etc., had to do it under extreme time constraints. There were so many other ideas that I wanted to include in it, but chose to do a quick one instead of waiting long to do it. But, I am glad it has gotten a lot of positive responses. I will borrow from some other writers by scouring Eritrean websites, here is one that you will find a succinct entry in Tigrinya by Awelkheir that I found touchingly powerful in assenna. I wanted our younger generation who may only know the spoken Tigrinya, not necessarily the written word, to listen to this important historicized version of Aboy Musa’s severely limited bio. So, the sound cloud version is accompanying the note below for that reason:

    ደሓን ኩን መራሒ !

    ዘገርም`ዩ !ሓርበኛነትና (ንናይ ሓባርን ንኻለኦት ኢልካ ምስዋእን)ተዳኺሙ ፤መስሓቅ ሸራፋት ኣብ ዝኾናሉ እዋን ፤ ብኣዚ`ዩ ዘደንቅ ድፍረት፤ ነቲ ነበረ`ያ ነበረ ክበሃሎ ዝቀረበ ኤርትራዊ ሓርበኛነት ኣበራቢርካ ክትከይድ ምምራጽካ ዓቢ ነገር`ዩ።

    ካብ ሞት ዝተርፍ የለን ኢለ ትም ክብል ኣይደልን፤ ብዘይ መዓልትኻ`ውን ከምዘይምወት ከረጋግጽ እፈቱ ። ይምወት ነይሩ እንተዝኸውን፤ ብስንኪ ናይ ፍዳእን ተራኻ (ኣብ ምቅጻል ነፈርቲ ኢትዮጵያ ኣብ ማዕርፎ ነፈርቲ ኣስመራ)ተኣሲርካ፤ ናይ ፍርዲ ምርካብ መሰል ተዶናግዩኩም፤ ንብጾትካ ኣለዓዒልካ ኣቤት ማእሰርቲ ኣብ 60ታት ዝገበርካዮ ናይ ሓደ ሰሙን ናይ ምግቢ ምሕሳም ኣድማ ናይ መጨረሽታ መዓልቲ ሂወትካ ምኾነት።

    ፈጣሪ፡ ዝኣዘዘና ሕማቅ ክንሪኢ እንኮለና፤ 1- ሰብ ሓይሊ ብሓይሎም ነቲ ሓማቅ ናብ ጽቡቅ ክቅይሩ፤ 2- እቶም ሓይሊ ዘይብሎም ከኣ ብሊሳኖም / ብቀለሞም ፤ 3- እቶም እዝን እትን ዘይብሎም ከኣ ነቲ ሕማቅ ብልቦም ክጸልእዎን ንጎይታ ክልምኑን`ዩ ። እቶም ትሕቲ`ዚ ዝኾኑ ኸኣ እቶም ሰብኣዊ ሸነኾም ተቀንጢጡ እንስሳዊ ሸነኾም ሒዞም ዝተረፉ፤ ንኸብድን ቅለትን ጥራሕ ዝነብሩን ምእንትኡ ዝኾነ ገበን ዝፍጽሙ፤ ንዝመጸ ዝግዝኡን`ዮም።

    ኣብ ጉብዝናኻ ነቲ ቀዳማይ ምርጫ፤ ኣብ እርጋንካ ኸኣ እቲ 3ይ ምርጫ ዘየኽፍኣልካ ክነሱ ነቲ 2ይ ምርጫ ምምራጽካ መራሒ ምንባርካ ዘርኢ`ዩ።

    ንጀና ኹን

    እማን ይሃበና

    ኣወልኼር ዓ/ሓፊዝ


  • Yohannes Zerai

    Dear Beyan,

    Thank you for an eulogy that is quite fitting to the courage and selflessness of the two just-departed heroes.

    Isaias Afewerki and his regime have inflicted untold suffering and untimely death on many innocent people simply because they dared to tell truth to power. Haji Mussa and Haile Woldetensae (Duru’e) are such latest victims of their brutality.

    Isaias too will inevitably die although no one knows whether his death will take place under circumstances that are more or less compassionate than those of his victims. But we are CERTAIN that there is one thing that will set Isaias apart from his victims: His victims will be remembered with respect and admiration for the principles and ideals they gave their lives for; Isaias will be remembered with disdain and contempt for his cruelty.

    I cannot help but wonder if there would come a day in Isaias Afewerki’s life – perhaps in his final days – when he would suddenly see in himself what we have been seeing in him all along and would be seized by deathbed remorse as many cruel dictators are known to have done in the past.

    May the souls of Haji Mussa and Duru’e rest in peace!

  • Ismail AA

    Dear Dr. Beyan,

    An eulogy that deservedly celebrated glorious and long life of resistance by an indomitable man with character and prestige. This will be read by generations of Eritreans. Thank you for this sincere and from bottom-of-the-heart testimony about the late Haji Musa’s who passed away chained with shackles of a shameless regime under a ruthless despot. Eritrea’s posterity shall fill ashamed reading a page in our history about once upon a time ruler who over saw a 93 years old honorable elder die in his prison cell.

  • Desbele

    Dear Beyan,
    Thank you.
    “Resolve to be tender with the young, compassionate with the aged, sympathetic with the striving and tolerant with the weak and wrong. Sometime in your life, you will have been all of these.” – Gautama Buddha
    “Resolve to be callous with the young, cruel with the aged, indifferent with the striving and merciless with the weak and wrong. Because we do lack empathy for the feeling and needs of others.” …Shaebia and followers!

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear Beyan,

    I read the above very slowly ..Since I am sorrow and sick of this climate..Nice man,very heart touching ..Sure it was wonderful article as usual from you and timely.

    “So, now that I’ve seen what Eritreans are capable of doing by standing up to cruelty; now that I read “The Rebirth of a Nation” that spoke to my heart from the diaspora, in how ready Eritreans the world over are. Here the last stanza that captured it for me, my son:”

    Thank You,


  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Wow Beyan,

    An eulogy in a letter format, to a man who stood on his principle, and gave his ultimate life fighting against injustice, really evokes the soft side of human emotions at time of grieving. Not only it highlights the life of the man and his indomitable courage, but it also connects the struggle of the three generations, and the toll of sacrifice paid for the birth of the nation, and on the still continuing struggle for the rebirth of it. The nation has lost two heroes in a very short period. The light might be dimmed in our grieving days, but will be ignited with new commitments to the cause of their sacrifice. The struggle continues. Thank you for coming with this memorable eulogy.

    Amanuel Hidrat

    • chefena

      Haw Amanuel
      You write “The nation has lost two heroes in a very short period”. I would add one more point of comparison: The lose of both heroes is induced by extrajudicial punishment. Thank you Haw Beyan for this well written eulogy. In deed touching!

    • Kbrom

      Dear Dr Beyan and Emma

      Well said.

      “ማሓራይ ሓወይ፣ ማሓራይ ሓወይ
      ኣጥፊኦምኻ’ዶ ናብ ናኹራ ቀላይ
      ሸመትካ ኣምበር ኮነት ኣደዳ ትግራየ
      ሕነ ከይፈድየልካ ኮይነ ዘባጥ ብዕራየ”

      እዚ ኣብ ላዕሊ ዝነሀ መልቀስ ገለ ዝጎሃዩ ኣሕዋት ሰብ ቀደመ ደግያት መሓራይ መጎስ በዓል ዓዲ ወገራ ኢዮም ዝነበሩ ኣብ 1894 ኣብ ናኹራ ምስ ተኣሰሩ ዘልቀስዎ’ዩ።

      እዞም ናይ ሎም ኣሕዋት እሞ ፍርህና ዝሰዓረና እነሆ ነልቅስ

      ሓጂ ሙሳ ተባዕ ወላድየይ፡ ሓጂ ሙሳ ኣያ ኩለይ
      ኣጥፊኦምኻዶ ኣብ መደበር ፖሊስ ካልኣይ
      ጻውዒትካ እምበር ኮነት ኣደዳ ገፋዓይ
      ሕነ ዘይፈደኹስ ኮይነ ፈታው ነብስይ

      ‘Silence in face of injustice is a crime’