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A Somber New Years’s Eve In Eritrea

New Year’s Eve of 2018 has been the most somber night compared to how Eritreans celebrated the night in the past. Reached by phone in Jeddah, An American visitor to Eritrea Said, “Eritreans who do not need a reason to party strolled lazily with nowhere to go,”

The top echelon of the ruling party, however, gathered in several private houses and places and partied with their select guests

Most nightclubs, bars, and hotels remain closed by the government for allegedly hoarding the local currency, Nakfa, to avoid depositing it in the banks.

Since closed businesses are not able to access their accounts, they couldn’t pay their employees who face uncertainty on how to pay their bills. They seem to be less concerned about celebrating the new year’s eve as they did in the past.

Residents of Asmara dressed in their best suits and strolled in the streets with empty pockets lamenting the lack of entertainment venues in a new year’s eve, in a city that has always celebrated it extravagantly.

Private party organizers who rented halls and DJs for the night couldn’t sell enough tickets, “they are now licking their wounds” according to a source.

Meanwhile, Isais Afwerki spent the day in Abu Dhabi hosted by Sheikh Mohammed Bin Zaid, the crown prince of the United Arab Emirates.

It’s not known whether Isaias attended a new year party in Abu Dhabi since he spent most of the day undergoing regular medical checkup in an Emirates military hospital. In previous years, he used to frequently travel to Qatar for his medical checkup. But since he allied himself with the Saudi-Emiratee coalition in their relentless campaign of bombing Yemen, he hasn’t traveled to Qatar.

 

[Exactly s year earlier, Isaias had visited Abu Dhabi: Ghost Entourage Accompanies Isaias Afwerki to Abu Dhabi

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  • Haile S.

    Selam Hope,
    Thank you! ትሕሾ ትሕሾ ወዲ ዓበይቲ።
    I agree with the most of the core issues you listed. One way or another they are the same issues that come frequently into discussion in the forum and people like Dawit and others as well attempted to address. I am sure we will have the chance to come again on these issues again and again as long as a kind of revolution comes up to end the misery. If you allow me, one thing I suggest you is to rein your anger and stop undercutting all you said above by getting harsh on other justice seekers or silent observers. You can get harsh on the ideas, but words and names like “Guasa-Albo Herd silent Majority and a messed up Opposion and self-appointed and opportunist Activists!” Is counter productive. We all have moments of urge to cross the line, but we need to recognise immediately is counter productive.
    Best

  • Haile S.

    Selam Hope,
    No need to apologize for coming into the discussion. It is your place; we all are here for that.
    The alternative to PFDJ is the Eritrean people and handling the power to their representatives whether this happens with the admission of PFDJ or through a push by a coalition of opposition parties. Abstaining from pushing for change in the form of “NO BETTER alternative” is comforting the leadership to continue what it is doing and asking it to continue with its my way or the high way agenda. But, I suspect EPDP, though wrongly, might have said that to put pressure on the remaining opposition parties.
    Hope, what PFDJ need is people who oppose its law and justice devoid undemocratic rule, not an extra hand that reinforces its wrong policies.

  • Kbrom

    Hi All,

    I posted this before but is not coming, i hope I am not declared persona non grata by the Awate admin.

    This is what is happening in our region according to the sources labelled the ‘tabloid’ by Alex:

    Egypt asked Sudan to give access to its military movements to put pressure on Ethiopia.
    Sudan refused the request, to the contrary, it supported Ethiopia’s decision to renegade the 1929 colonial treaty and build a dam which holds a massive 79 billion cubic meters of water Egypt angry by the Sudan’s stand vowed to destabilize Sudan
    Egypt picked PIA to put pressure on Ethiopia.
    Egypt started to arm Darfur opposition group and asked Eritrea to mobilize Sudanese Eastern Opposition group.
    On the other hand, Qatar and Turkey started strong relations with Ethiopia
    Ethiopia’s reform and acts of reconciliation is to be seen with in this context.
    In regard to Ethiopia’s new domestic initiative there are two school of thought; one says that concessions by EPRDF would open for more demands hence would not solve the current impasse until EPRDF agrees to share power, whilst the other school of thought believes that concessions and fair distribution of power will bring about stability in Ethiopia shortly
    Ethiopia’s next step could be to focus on the current new regional political landscape and change it to its best interest once it solved its domestic situation
    When Sudanese Bashir visited Russia, Putin asked Bashir to give Turkey a military base in Sawakin. The idea was in a pipe line but Bashir’s visit to Moocow precipitated the military pact.
    In the mean time the relation between Eritrea and Sudan went from bad to worst
    Sudan sent a delegation led by the vice president to Eritrea to facilitate the official visit of President Bashir to Eritrea
    Angry by Sudanese proximity with Ethiopia and Qatar, PIA said to the delegation that Bashir is not welcomed to Eritrea because he is ‘a traitor and can not be trusted
    Bashir is organizing and chairing a regional trade and investment council where Eritrea would be not included
    Sudan closed all borders with Eritrea and shut down all PFDJ’s Red Sea 09 activities in the Sudan
    Both Sudan and Eritrea are massing their army in the border, especially in the areas of kassala and Hamedayt
    Qatar, Ethiopia and Sudan are more worried about who would be the alternative in the post PIA Eritrea. They believe the current status of Eritrean Opposition is so weak and not viable alternative.
    Egypt is actively arming the Sudanese opposition group; Eritrea is given the responsibility of arming the Eastern Sudan opposition by opening the corridor of military hardware from Egypt.
    PIA is in UAE (1-3 Jan), surprisingly not only with his families but also with his grandkids. Following his UAE visit he will go to Egypt.
    Eritreans are in a very tense situation; all the situation looks like the 1975’s ዕግርግር ኣስመራ
    People are very confused and worried about the development in the region.
    Because no one is giving them any information people are kept in dark perceiving different scenarios
    One thing that everyone agree to is that there is no functional government in Eritrea and that PIA has lost its legitimacy.
    Poverty, and desperation is at its highest degree in Eritrea, including in the highest echelon. Corruption has reached its peak.

  • Kbrom

    Hi All

    This is what is happening in our region according to the sources labelled the ‘tabloid’ by Alex:

    Egypt asked Sudan to give access to its military movements to put pressure on Ethiopia.
    Sudan refused the request, to the contrary, it supported Ethiopia’s decision to renegade the 1929 colonial treaty and build a dam which holds a massive 79 billion cubic meters of water Egypt angry by the Sudan’s stand vowed to destabilize Sudan
    Egypt picked PIA to put pressure on Ethiopia.
    Egypt started to arm Darfur opposition group and asked Eritrea to mobilize Sudanese Eastern Opposition group.
    On the other hand, Qatar and Turkey started strong relations with Ethiopia
    Ethiopia’s reform and acts of reconciliation is to be seen with in this context.
    In regard to Ethiopia’s new domestic initiative there are two school of thought; one says that concessions by EPRDF would open for more demands hence would not solve the current impasse until EPRDF agrees to share power, whilst the other school of thought believes that concessions and fair distribution of power will bring about stability in Ethiopia shortly
    Ethiopia’s next step could be to focus on the current new regional political landscape and change it to its best interest once it solved its domestic situation
    When Sudanese Bashir visited Russia, Putin asked Bashir to give Turkey a military base in Sawakin. The idea was in a pipe line but Bashir’s visit to Moocow precipitated the military pact.
    In the mean time the relation between Eritrea and Sudan went from bad to worst
    Sudan sent a delegation led by the vice president to Eritrea to facilitate the official visit of President Bashir to Eritrea
    Angry by Sudanese proximity with Ethiopia and Qatar, PIA said to the delegation that Bashir is not welcomed to Eritrea because he is ‘a traitor and can not be trusted
    Bashir is organizing and chairing a regional trade and investment council where Eritrea would be not included
    Sudan closed all borders with Eritrea and shut down all PFDJ’s Red Sea 09 activities in the Sudan
    Both Sudan and Eritrea are massing their army in the border, especially in the areas of kassala and Hamedayt
    Qatar, Ethiopia and Sudan are more worried about who would be the alternative in the post PIA Eritrea. They believe the current status of Eritrean Opposition is so weak and not viable alternative.
    Egypt is actively arming the Sudanese opposition group; Eritrea is given the responsibility of arming the Eastern Sudan opposition by opening the corridor of military hardware from Egypt.
    PIA is in UAE (1-3 Jan), surprisingly not only with his families but also with his grandkids. Following his UAE visit he will go to Egypt.
    Eritreans are in a very tense situation; all the situation looks like the 1975’s ዕግርግር ኣስመራ
    People are very confused and worried about the development in the region.
    Because no one is giving them any information people are kept in dark perceiving different scenarios
    One thing that everyone agree to is that there is no functional government in Eritrea and that PIA has lost its legitimacy.
    Poverty, and desperation is at its highest degree in Eritrea, including in the highest echelon. Corruption has reached its peak.

  • Dis Donc

    Dear Hope nebsi,
    I really do not need your help. That is because if you see the comment it was intended for Ethiopians.
    If I were you I will see a doctor, preferably a shrink, though.

    Thanks awate forum…. I have seen enough of this site….

  • Kbrom

    Dear Hope,

    Again you disrespected virtually all those 7 golden Rules that we agreed to adhere to

    1 You said I am doing it deliberately, you perceived something, you judged me based on that perception and you took action which is ‘you gave up because you thought it is wasting your time’. I beg to differ.

    2. You perceived that I am for “Weed out the PFDJ” by all means at the expense of “weeding out Eritrea” based on that perception that you create,d you jumped to the conclusion. I beg to differ.

    3. You said In the event, if U R serious and hones. Again you are starting from the negative idea of mistrust of is he honest is he serious. I beg to differ.

    4 You said ‘Where were U for the last 18 yrs’. Again perceiving that I did not do any thing in the last 18 years ( I am not sure why you picked the number 18) and believing your perception you are accusing me for doing nothing. I beg to differ.

    5 You said ‘why haven’t that rotten Opposition groups follow those Golden rules u r teaching me’ again believing your own perception that I am one of the ‘rotten’ opposition.

    “If the doors of perception were cleansed every thing would appear to man as it is, Infinite. For man has closed himself up, till he sees all things thro’ narrow chinks of his cavern.”
    ― William Blake, The Marriage of Heaven and Hell

  • Kbrom

    Hi All

    This is what is happening in our region according to the sources labelled the ‘tabloid’ by Alex:

    Egypt asked Sudan to give access to its military movements to put pressure on Ethiopia.
    Sudan refused the request, to the contrary, it supported Ethiopia’s decision to renegade the 1929 colonial treaty and build a dam which holds a massive 79 billion cubic meters of water Egypt angry by the Sudan’s stand vowed to destabilize Sudan
    Egypt picked PIA to put pressure on Ethiopia.
    Egypt started to arm Darfur opposition group and asked Eritrea to mobilize Sudanese Eastern Opposition group.
    On the other hand, Qatar and Turkey started strong relations with Ethiopia
    Ethiopia’s reform and acts of reconciliation is to be seen with in this context.
    In regard to Ethiopia’s new domestic initiative there are two school of thought; one says that concessions by EPRDF would open for more demands hence would not solve the current impasse until EPRDF agrees to share power, whilst the other school of thought believes that concessions and fair distribution of power will bring about stability in Ethiopia shortly
    Ethiopia’s next step could be to focus on the current new regional political landscape and change it to its best interest once it solved its domestic situation
    When Sudanese Bashir visited Russia, Putin asked Bashir to give Turkey a military base in Sawakin. The idea was in a pipe line but Bashir’s visit to Moocow precipitated the military pact.
    In the mean time the relation between Eritrea and Sudan went from bad to worst
    Sudan sent a delegation led by the vice president to Eritrea to facilitate the official visit of President Bashir to Eritrea
    Angry by Sudanese proximity with Ethiopia and Qatar, PIA said to the delegation that Bashir is not welcomed to Eritrea because he is ‘a traitor and can not be trusted
    Bashir is organizing and chairing a regional trade and investment council where Eritrea would be not included
    Sudan closed all borders with Eritrea and shut down all PFDJ’s Red Sea 09 activities in the Sudan
    Both Sudan and Eritrea are massing their army in the border, especially in the areas of kassala and Hamedayt
    Qatar, Ethiopia and Sudan are more worried about who would be the alternative in the post PIA Eritrea
    Egypt is actively arming the Sudanese opposition group; Eritrea is given the responsibility of arming the Eastern Sudan opposition by opening the corridor of military hardware from Egypt.
    PIA is in UAE (1-3 Jan), surprisingly not only with his families but also with his grandkids. Following his UAE visit he will go to Egypt.
    Eritreans are in a very tense situation; all the situation looks like the 1975’s ዕግርግር ኣስመራ
    People are very confused and worried about the development in the region.
    Because no one is giving them any information people are kept in dark perceiving different scenarios
    One thing that everyone agree to is that there is no functional government in Eritrea and that PIA has lost its legitimacy.
    Poverty, and desperation is at its highest degree in Eritrea, including in the highest echelon. Corruption has reached its peak.

  • Kbrom

    Hi Hope

    Ideas? no i did not see any ideas in your post, it is a barrage of name calling, judgments and perceptions.

    This is what i am trying to say. You can refer to them as the 7 recommendations.

    1. Let’s discuss ideas
    2. Let’s focus on content not forms
    3. Let’s put Eritrea above and before anything
    4. Let’s not be divisive
    5. Let’s develop the culture of tolerance and accommodating diversity of ideas
    6. Let’s believe that respect is mutual
    7. Let’s have take values and integrity as necessary ingredients in our discussion

    Ok now with some example;

    Dear Hope you said in your previous post the following:

    R u,by chance,one of the petitioners against the EU Fund for Eritrea for Development of urgently needed life-saving Projects?
    If so,I rest my case with U!

    What if i am, why do you rest your case with me, why do not you try to convince me by elaborating why you think what I did is not acceptable. What is the message that you are trying to covey by stating ‘rest my case with you’.

    Those who are engaged in successful dialogue are those who follow the follow mantra:
    ‘I do not agree with what you have to say, but I’ll defend to the death your right to say it.

  • Kbrom

    Selam Hope,

    hallucination
    həˌluːsɪˈneɪʃ(ə)n/Submit
    noun
    an experience involving the apparent perception of something not present.

    I would love to talk about ideas, principles and discussions that is beneficial both to our country and this forum. I am not ready to talk about illusional points that are resulted due to your hallucination and schizophrenia.

    Can’t you understand after 100 years what Charles Stewart said in 1900.

    “Men and women range themselves into three classes or orders of intelligence; you can tell the lowest class by their habit of always talking about persons; the next by the fact that their habit is always to converse about things; the highest by their preference for the discussion of ideas.”

  • Kbrom

    Dear Hope,

    You see Hope, what I see in your posts is you focus on superficial features of any post you encounter without understanding or recognizing the general principle involved. So, as a result of such a tendency which is obsessed with the form instead of the content you miss and mess the general concept people expected you to be involved in and demonstrate the lack of identifying key ideas and principles at stake.

    You said ‘EDF could have taken over Khartoum and Omdurman in 1990s,when it briefly controlled the whole Kessela’. There is no good war and bad peace as they say. Please be careful when you talk about war because it will claim the life of people. I was expecting you, at least in theory, to discuss how we should avoid any conflict, that we should not drag this poor countries and people again to war because if there is any people that deserve peace and stability it is the people in the Horn of Africa.

    As what is happening here is what I know so far

    the borders between Eritrea and Sudan is closed because Sudan ordered its states to do so
    the relation between the two countries is not good
    there is some soldiers movement in both sides of the boarder especially near kassala and Hamediayt
    there was rounds of meeting between high officials from both countries but with no fruit
    Sudan has closed all its borders to any from from Eritrea

    We fought for years so our kids will enjoy peace, and not to live in a state of war that we lived.

    I must study politics and war that my sons may have liberty to study mathematics and philosophy.
    John Adams

  • Peace!

    Hi Alex,

    Everyone is entitled to his opinion, but when people point out inconsistency or even hypocrisy, I see no reason for people to dance around and twist whatever the point at hand. A crime is always a crime regardless who the perpetuates are. But when it comes to TPLF, sadly, the hypocrisy in this room is jaw dropping, not a tiny feeling for the innocent victims despite the ongoing killing, screaming and torturing as if Eritreans are not victims of same crime.

    Just don’t criticize TPLF and praise them 24/7 for hosting our refugees and see how many up votes you would generate in just a few seconds. It is sad humanity has become a political leverage for some Eritreans.

    Peace!

  • Thomas

    Hi Alex,

    I think you are afraid of being exposed. Last time, I pointed out your contradictory statements that you solely here to defend your “ayatatka”, you run away with your tail tucked between your skinny legs.
    Ok, you think your “ayatatka” are strong if so, who is occupying Badme now? Where was the setting of the buffer zone (25 km deep inside ____) after the UNMEE was begged to come by the cry of your again “ayatatka). I know you are dumb and you only remember what is told to you by your again “ayatatka”? Don’t underestimate the power of the TPLF!! Anytime they want, they can teach your government a lesson over and over again.

    • Alex

      Hi Thomas,
      Are we talking about the same TPLF that got a big help from EPLF all the way to Addis. If you want to know how the gallant EPLF mechanized infantry helped TPLF to size power in addis , you must read a book titled wefri segri dob. I think you might underestimate EDF at your peril.

  • Dis Donc

    Dear Hope
    1. I’m not asking for patronizing
    2. I only want solutions oriented conversation
    3. Please refrain from putting me in any bracket
    4. I wasn’t born there

    Otherwise your help is needed here and tell me how your relative got it done.

  • blink

    Dear Horizon
    What is this Erta of TOL mean ?

  • Kaddis

    Dear all,

    Thank you for reviewing Ethiopia in good light and your best wishes for peace. I am optimistic, not only to hear prisoners/ citizens on trial will be freed, but the problems being expressed violently are being changing into political discourses.
    I am optimistic because – the four parties who gave the presser the other day – seems legitimately representing the social/ ethnic/ regional grouping in Ethiopia and people seems to buy it. Of course except us – the semi cosmopolitans/ urbanities ( that’s not a priority at the moment ).

    If people felt represented at the political level – its one step forward and it seems the political transformation from the central to the federal state structure is now complete. The Unionists ( not Eri / Eth ) those who adhere ‘only a central Amharic speaking orthodox government ‘ should be in charge politicians resistance have died. Amde correctly said the opposition became irrelevant, but didn’t define which opposition – I think ye Andenet hayloch ( unionists ) are the right answer.

    The federal structure with its institutions and the constitution is put on test. The following questions will be whether parties like OPDO have the capacity to deliver? Or will they again look for excuses of not having enough power to govern while exercising enough power to corrupt.

    Melkam Genna,

  • blink

    Dear Alex
    The guy has gossip problem and i am noticing he doesn’t remember what he said before seconds , he is happy the Meles fun man is supporting him. Our guy is calling Meles the visionary leader, did you read that line ? The man has a problem looking at the outcome of Meles engineering of ethnic politics.

  • Kbrom

    Dear Awate Team,

    Media outlets are reporting that UAE supported Egypt forces arrived in Eritrea, whilst Sudan and Ethiopia are mobilising their forces. Is there any new developments in the region, is Eritrea turning into the battlefield for proxy war, can you please brief us what is happening and what are the scenarios.

    • blink

      Dear Kbrom
      what happend to your sources ?are they all in jail after the new year too. How can this info be new to you after you told us from the inner circle sources you have about many things. what happens if this is part of the 2000 Eritreans solidiers returning from somalia after helping al shebab .

      • Kbrom

        Dear blink

        You said I claimed that ‘from the inner circle sources you have about many things’. Can you tell me when and where I said so. As psychologist would say, if people take dishonesty as a norm the brain essentially feels less and less guilty or ashamed as they continue to do so frequently.

        As from my side I will tell you only what I confirmed from my sources.

        The 2000 Eritrean soldiers hoax was a prank from the very beginning.

        You said hat happens if this is ….. .You are asking a what if question, if we had an accountable government who respects its people you and I would not spend our valuable time on hypothetical analysis.

        In Gods name can I please plea and ask you to learn the basic Root Cause Analysis.

        This is what I borrowed from the Six Sigma, please post it near your keyboard whenever you plan to blame the people instead of the PFDJ.

        Problem Statement: You are on your way home from work and your car stops in the middle of the road.
        For blink: You are wondering whether Egyptian forces are in Eritrea or not.

        1. Why did your car stop?
        – Because it ran out of gas.

        blink Why can not we know whether the Egyptian army story is correct or not
        – because it is not reported in the government media

        2. Why did it run out of gas?
        – Because I didn’t buy any gas on my way to work.

        blink Why was not reported in the Eritrean Government Media
        – Because PIA do not allow any information to be shared

        3. Why didn’t you buy any gas this morning?
        Because I didn’t have any money.

        blink Why is PIA not allowing such national issues not to be reported to the people
        – Because those actions are taken only by him and if people know might ask why is PIA taking such actions without due Constitutional Parliamentary process because we do not have a parliament

        4. Why didn’t you have any money?
        – Because I lost it all last night in a poker game.

        blink Why we do not have a constitution and parliament
        – Because the president declared the constitution dead on arrival, dissolved the parliament and liquidated 50% of the members.

        5. Why did you lose your money in last night’s poker game?
        – Because I’m not very good at “bluffing” when I don’t have a good hand.
        Root cause: so your problem is not your car your problem is your gambling behaviour

        blink Why did he dissolved the parliament and liquidated its members
        – because he wants to stay in power without accountability and elections

        Root cause : so your countries problem is not whether there are Egyptian soldiers or not it is about the absence of constitution, rule of law and accountability

        Take-away Quotation

        “If you don’t ask the right questions, you don’t get the right answers. A question asked in the right way often points to its own answer. Asking questions is the ABC of diagnosis. Only the inquiring mind solves problems.” – Edward Hodnett

        P.S I know in Eritrea simply asking why is something punishable by capital punishment but at least since you are away from that threat try to liberate your brain from the yoke of the oppressor.

    • Selamat Kbrom,

      Prior to the Eritrean-Ethiopian border war, the EPRDF remobilized experience Derg military officers especially the air Force. Now releasing political prisoners to unite all of Ethiopian people, I am presuming, against a common threat.

      I can’t help but think of it as only a script…. Further more …. King Mnelik’s erra dejavu…

      Well, it’s either much ado about nothing or a very ominous year which is the seed you have planted with your request of AT.

      By the way welcome to the vocal side if the forum..
      Though your tone is very familiar and I just can’t place it– iSEMesshhhk is the flavor or after taste thus far.

      Respectfully,
      GitSAtSE

    • Selam Kbrom,

      Something general and not specific:

      It is a fact that a sinister cloud has been gathering over the gulf-red sea-horn area for years, and if this cloud is going to rain fire and destruction, we can not be sure for the time being, and let us hope and pray the opposite is true. Unlike the overfed and overweight oil rich arab sheikhs, who are not in the position to fight their own wars, what the poor peoples of the horn want is peace and stability.

      Trump and western governments are hilariously happy that arab oil-dollar rich dynasties and sheikhs are in a great hurry arming themselves with hundreds of billions of dollars, and the region has one of the biggest concentrations of sophisticated military gadgets.

      It seems that, thanks to those whose business survives on crisis and wars, the world is unable to live without a crisis somewhere, where they can sell arms, and dictators are ready to buy them with billions. The crisis seems to be moving southwards to the oil-rich ksa and gcc countries and their satellites in the region.

      Who are the actors? The ksa and the other gcc countries who due to their inter-family differences have drawn their daggers, because some did not abide with the policy of the senior dynasty of the ksa towards iran and its shia religion followers. In addition, we have turkey and egypt, two enemies ruled by dictators, that are trying to dominated or fight the domination of the region by the one or the other, and satellite powers like sudan and the pfdj’s eritrea.

      Sudan seems to have been drawn into the crisis, because it is afraid of egypt, which if true, wants sudan to be dropped out of the negotiating group on the gerd. The Pfdj, of course, wants to survive by meddling in other people’s crisis, without the slightest care that it could fall into a pit itself.

      I had some problem in guessing as to where the money was coming from when sudan announced arming itself with modern military equipments that cost billions. The qataris seem to be the main funders, and turkey and iran helping as well. Egypt now sees sudan as an enemy due to the later’s support to the gerd, which it knows very well the construction is a major advantage for its economy. Therefore, the sudanese are afraid that the egyptian government could do some dirty job, and they are preparing themselves for a possible showdown.

      Finally, the big question is, why does the pfdj regime has to drag the country and its people into a situation where it will pay dearly in blood and material, in a crisis that does not concern it in the first place? Always at the wrong place for the wrong reason. Why would eritrea be the field where the elephants are going to fight it out, thus sparing their own countries and people from paying the price for their regional hegemonic desires. In this case, eritrea will come out a loser no matter what.

      If the regime wants to harm ethiopia and tplf (its nemesis), it is not necessary to destroy the land of eritrea and its people for the sake of remaining in power, or for the sake of serving other powers of the region, which will not solve in any way its problems with ethiopia or tplf? Why should the pfdj act like a suicide bomber? Nobody is contesting to take power away from it, unless power has become a hallucinating nectar to which it is addicted. The region has already suffered too much, and those who entertain any sort of conflict cannot be anything else but enemies to their countries and their people.

      • Kbrom

        Heya Horizon,

        ብሩኽ በዓል ልደት ጐይታናን መድኃኒናን ኢየሱስ ክርስቶስ ንኣመንቲ ክርስትና።

        Thank you for the insightful info. You hit the nail on the head by asking a valid question: ‘the big question is, why does the pfdj regime has to drag the country and its people into a situation where it will pay dearly in blood and material, in a crisis that does not concern it in the first place?

  • Peace!

    Hi all,

    This is exactly what oppressed and victims of TPLF are saying:

    A need for nationwide protests to urge the Ethiopian regime to unconditionally and immediately release of All Political Prisoners and Religious Leaders both in Federal and State prisons throughout Ethiopia.

    The Ethiopian people should not forget for a second that yesterday’s announcement to release political prisoners by the regime did not come out of the benevolence and goodwill of the brutal regime. It is the result of the hard-fought and persistent struggle of the Ethiopian people in which tens of thousands are imprisoned and thousands killed in the hand of the same regime who made the announcement yesterday.

    Although all Ethiopians played important roles in these efforts, most of the credit goes to the heroes and heroines of #OromoProtests and the #AmharaResistance, and the unified stand of the Oromo and the Amhara peoples.

    Yet, the regime has zero credibility to keep and follow through with its promises unless the Ethiopian people keep demanding and protesting and force the execution of those promises. Therefore, it is very critical for the Ethiopian people throughout Ethiopia to stand with the families of the political prisoners and religious leaders in prisons, and organize nationwide protests in front of prisons everywhere in the country demanding the unconditional and immediate release of all political and religious prisoners.

    These demands could be summarized as follows:

    1. Demand the unconditional and immediate release of all political prisoners and religious leaders in state and federal prisons throughout Ethiopia.

    2. Demand the close down all megacity size prison industrial complex built by the regime over the last 27 years in Kilinto, Zeway, Shewa Robit and many localities including hundreds of hidden illegal prisons in Addis Ababa and the military bases of the so-called “Ethiopian Defense Forces” where military and intelligence officers torture, abuse and kill Ethiopians with impunity.

    3. Demand the immediate and unconditional removal and prosecutions of officials and officers in the Ethiopian Federal Police, Intelligence agency, the Ethiopian Defense Force, Federal Prison Administration and the Federal court systems who have been responsible for the torture, abuse, and killings of Ethiopian political prisoners and religious leaders both in the Federal and state prisons throughout the country.

    4. Reform the Federal police, the national intelligence agency, the Ethiopian military, the prison administration and the court system by dishonorably discharging and prosecuting all officers responsible for human rights violations and balancing the ethnic composition of those institutions.

    5. Repeal the Anti-Terrorism Laws, the Civil Society Laws, the Press Laws and other “development by dispossession or investment laws, or tax laws” that have been used as a tool of political persecution and as the basis of large-scale unconstitutional massive arrests. Birhanemeskel Abebe

    Peace!

    • blink

      Dear peace
      Spot on and timely, but Debretsion will not agree to these points. The party can’t find its cure by focusing to such heinous behavior of their own. They said democracy, what democracy is that ? Hard to see any reform before more blood.

      • Peace!

        Hi Blink,

        Some of our Ethiopian friends are obviously not for meaningful reform, since they often like to cheer TPLF whichever direction heads, it is safe to say they are pro government. The good thing is though when you meet genuine Ethiopians they are talking about real reform, not just rhetorical and promises that do not last 48 hours. Did you hear the prime minister has retracted his “Good Will’ Gesture 🙂

        The real issues for playing hard ball are: why equal number of inhabitants as Tigray, Ethiopian Somali region is not among the four parties that make up EPRDF? And why TPLF, representing just 5 million people, has far disproportionately large number of seats in the cabinet, army, and most are very key?

        Peace!

        • Simon Kaleab

          Peace,

          You are a typical beast of burden, a donkey.

          I am neither an Ethiopian nor a Unionist. But I am telling you to leave Ethiopian problems to be sorted out by the Ethiopians. Why are you blowing hot air of no consequence?

          • Peace!

            SK,

            Have you heard people say ሓባልሲ መጠመቲኣ ትኩሓል? Yes you are neither an Ethiopian nor a Unionist; you are a PFDJite, and you should be at the border with Sudan wiping your master’s sweat. He is in a serious panic.

            Peace!

          • Simon Kaleab

            Peace,

            Typical underachiever and illogical weak mind. Stay on topic.

            If I was a PFDJ supporter I would have been supporting your TPLF bashing and meddling in Ethiopian affairs, wont I?

            Why are you blowing hot air non stop that will not achieve anything?

            I think you are a type of person that supports both the PFDJ and the ‘opposition’. Spread betting?

          • Thomas

            Hi Peace arkey,

            I am with Simon Kaleab on this one and you know why:) I just liked what he wrote to you “But I am telling you to leave Ethiopian problems to be sorted out by the Ethiopians.” But then, I also liked your response, ” you are a PFDJite, and you should be at the border with Sudan wiping your master’s sweat”. Great stuff:))

            I like your humorous comments at times. You are one of the funniest awatistas:)

          • Peace!

            Hi Thomi,

            Fine I can live with that:) We don’t have to agree on everything. You know KS is a doctor, a priest, a politician, a social worker, an engineer, a linguist …. I think ይወስዳ መስለኒ 🙂

            Peace!

          • Thomas

            Hi Peace,
            Don’t let him come back to you with his favorite punch line “all talk no action”. You know he said he will cover our one way travel expense if we are willing to fight the pfdj regime. I think no one can beat on that:) The empty talk no action is hilarious:) I just miss him when he is not around:)
            I think he is an educator because I noticed he is good at picking up grammar mistakes.

          • Peace!

            Hi Thomi,

            Stop being a cartoon character, lol.

            Peace!

          • Thomas

            Hi Peace,
            I like that too:) You know he forced me to watch Thomas the Cartoon character and the silly train guy. hahaha

          • Peace!

            Hi Thomi,

            You are killing me…Man! He is tenacious too, he held Osman for a week:)

            Peace!

          • Thomas

            Hi Peace,

            Like you said, “I think ይወስዳ እዩ መስለኒ :)” Yes, “yigebrella kikown Alewo”:)

          • Hope

            [from the moderator: there is a reason behind the requirement of beginning your comment with a salutation, not insults because that violates the rule. Please do not reply to this reminder. Just adhere to the rule.]
            Peace and ‘Tommy” xxxxx
            Simon Kaleab is a One-Liner Hitter–to the point.
            So,accept your weakness and his advice and move on and focus on Eritrean problems/on the Topic
            but I do share your concerns and feelings about the TPLF Janda and its crimes-the cancer of the Horn that needs a comprehensive treatment Modality to wipe it out through:
            -Tumor burden debulking
            -Chemo-radiotherapy.
            After all,Simon is entitled to be what ever he wants to be and to believe in whatever he wants to.
            Wiping the PFDJ’s sweats at the Sudan Border?
            Huh,wishing to take over the PFDJ riding behind the TPLF and Sudanese Tanks?
            Good luck.
            Let Al Beshir try to repeat the same mistake he did in 2000 at Tesenei and we will see how the TPLF will save him this time around..
            All the SAWA Trainees in Khartoum and Kessela will eat him alive with the help The Eastern Sudan Lions and the Darfureans.
            .

          • Peace!

            Hi Hope,

            I hope U R not serious, I think we should discuss things that can actually impact Eritrea and its people, and with that, Ethiopia is not only relevant, but an integral part of our future economic development.

            Peace!

        • Fanti Ghana

          Selamat Peace!,

          The PM did not retract his ‘good will gesture.’ Here are the three core points in his speech so you can see that he was misquoted by the media.

          1. There are political leaders and individuals whose crimes have resulted in court convictions or in ongoing prosecution under the country’s law.

          2. Some of them will be pardoned provided relevant laws are respected according to the constitution.

          3. We will proceed with this action while taking precautions to ensure the rule of law is respected throughout the process.

          PS:
          Your Amharic needs refresher course-:).

          • Peace!

            Hi Fantish,

            Stand corrected, ብኣኻ ዝመጸ! although it was jut a side issue in my reply.

            What do you think of the issues I posted in the same comment:

            why equal number of inhabitants as Tigray, Ethiopian Somali region is not among the four parties that make up EPRDF? And why TPLF, representing just 5 million people, has far disproportionately large number of seats in the cabinet, army, and other most key positions?

            Thank you!

          • Simon Kaleab

            Peace,

            Are you an Ethiopian?

            On top of that, you do not have the sharpest mind, you are just a mediocrity, a book keeper.

            Leave Ethiopian issues to the Ethiopians! Focus on problems that concern you.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selamat Peace!,

            First, kibret yihabeley.

            Second, I purposely skipped the rest because it needed relatively detailed explanation which is hard to do when at work (at least for me). I’ll be back!

          • blink

            Dear Fanti
            I forgot to ask you this “ you never failed to reply once you say ,” I will be back” , it has been the most amazing thing about Fanti the great and I have been always wondering, How . How do you maintain such richness? Because I tried and failed in my internet learning curve .

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selamat and thank you blink,

            I was tempted to start with “first, believe in God,” but then I thought about Simon Kaleab coming after me-:). Whew!

            If there is anything positive in me, I can assure you that it is borrowed from other greats whom I was fortunate enough to have known throughout my life. In fact, my constant worry is whether I was worthy of their kindness and life changing lessons.

            Thanks again for the encouragement!

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selam Peace!,

            EPRDF is a coalition of like-minded parties. Those non-member parties such as ESPDP (Somali), although affiliated with EPRDF, had opted to stay independent. Some of these parties were even created by TPLF/EPRDF to represent their regional states. Some see this as “control” while others see it as power and/or experience sharing.

            “…far disproportionately large number of seats in the cabinet”

            Assuming you are referring to the cabinet of ministers, out of the 34 only 5 are Tigrayans, and approved by the House of Parliament. Although an attempt was made to make it as representative as possible, most of these ministers are from Amhara, Tigray, and Oromiya. Although there are signs of progress, many regional states of Ethiopia are still struggling to “catch up” if you will.

            If you were not referring to the ministers, then, there cannot be any discrepancies in the other government bodies because everything else is by the numbers according to the constitution.

            The only thorn in EPRDF’s neck is of course the military. There are indeed disproportionate numbers of Tigrayans in the higher ranks. The lower ranks more or less reflect the countries composition, but the higher ranks, colonel and up, are mostly Tigrayans. The reason is obvious. One does not assign generalship on affirmative action but on qualification usually based on experience.

            The EPRDF forces that removed Derg constituted mostly TPLF fighters. Except the 2000 or so army professionals with specific skill whom EPRDF inherited from Derg, the rest of the army was disbanded. Unless one expects TPLF to call Derg generals back into the army, where is non-Tigrayan personnel experienced enough to be a general supposed to come from?

            No one bothers to ask what those generals are doing with their power, but the “all generals are Tigrayans” cry has been politically milked to kingdom come. Let’s leave the reason and whether it is necessary to historians of the future.

            All said and done, there are no key positions held by Tigrayans in violation of the constitution. The highest power is concentrated in the Parliament, 547 total, and every power wielding office comes from the two, higher and lower, houses of that parliament.

            Here are the latest numbers:
            Oromiya: 178, Amhara: 138, South: 123, Tigray: 38, Eth. Somalia: 23, Addis Ababa: 23, Beni-Shangul: 9, Afar: 8, Gambela: 3, Harer: 2, and Diredawa: 2.

            PS:
            Tigray population may be slightly over 7m by now since it was 6.9m in 2015

          • Selam Fanti Ghana,

            “where is non-Tigrayan personnel experienced enough to be a general supposed to come from” could be true in the early 1990s when tplf came to power. Do you think that the same thing is true even today after more than 25 yrs the eprdf government is in power? Is it possible to say that it is about time the military personnel from the other ethnic groups should also come to the stage of holding higher military ranks in a more or less proportional way?

            I believe that already there are military personnel from all ethnic groups with qualifications, who are eligible for higher positions, and it is time that this discrepancy is corrected as soon as possible. Let us accept it, the fact that the majority of the generals are tigrayans 25 yrs later is scandalous by itself, whatever they might be doing with their power, as long as they have it. Therefore, tplf should not complain that it is milked by others for political reasons. The main point is that it is not sustainable, and it should change for the sake of peace and harmony of the country in which all are stakeholders.

          • Abel

            How many generals are in Ethiopia? how many of them are Tegaru, Oromo, Amhara….? If you do not know the answer,your assertion is wrong, outdated and biased.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selam Horizon and Happy awd’amet,

            I totally agree. For some reason the government is not seeing this as an urgent crisis and it is moving too slow. My suggestion would be to have the experienced seniors on a stand by in case we are dragged into unexpected war, but it is over due for the military to also reflect our composition.

            What I was trying to reflect in my earlier post was the process that led to the status quo. It is important to understand that no one or no party is promoting Tigrayans selectively when all other qualifications are equal.

          • Peace!

            Selam Fantish,

            Kemaka Y’bzhu! I really appreciate your time, and sorry, normally I don’t forward such type of questions to an honest and a well-wishers people like you though you know how it happened. The thing is this forum hosts people with diversified political views that there are matured and peace loving Ethiopians like you and others, there are Ethiopians who believe Eritrean won’t sustain without Ethiopia, and there are also Eritreans who see TPLF as a political leverage, otherwise it is not that I don’t understand the purpose of armed struggle and the meaning of sacrifice. It is just the Eritrean politics stupid.

            With respect
            Peace!

          • Nitricc

            Your Fitness: There is a lot of true and i agree with what you have saying but there is one truth you have omitted. As soon as EPDRF came to power, they decommissioned many Generals and experienced high ranking military officers. Then when the war With Eritrea broke out, EPDRF call out most Generals, some of them even from prison and they were participated in the war. Once the war was over every one of them decommissioned and some put back to prison. How do you reconcile this action with reasoning you have provided? I think the issue is much deeper than your take.

          • Teodros Alem

            Hi Nitricc
            If u don’t mind i just want to ask u
            Have u seen the interview of the leaderships of eprdf? If yes what is your opinion about it? Did u think they came together as one as tplf media said? Specially lemma speech? I think they didn’t solve a thing. I just wanna know your opinion?

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Nitrickay,

            You seem or pretend to be knowledgeable about the numbers of Ethiopian military generals. Can you try to answer the relevant questions posed by “Abel” to Horizon? mentioning from one side and leaving from the other sides (meaning from Amhara, Oromo….etc) does not give a complete picture.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Hello Nitriccay,

            I am sure I omitted lots of details, but if we title this subject “the history and composition of the Ethiopian military since 1991” what we would see is the reduction of number of Tigrayan officers in the military.

            In addition to the first one you mentioned there were two more major purges and reshuffles, one in 2001 and another in 2011 that I know of.

            The 2001 purging was mostly politically motivated, perhaps that is the one you were referring to as the one after the war. Those who were decommissioned after the war were alleged to have disobeyed orders and went solo beyond their mandate to “capture Asmara/Isaias.” So, Meles got even with some of them, increased his loyalists, and got a political mileage for improving on the numbers. Anyway, he killed two birds with one stone.

            The 2011 decommissioning included several b/generals, over 200 colonels and more than twice as many lieutenants to majors. Almost all of those were Tigrayans and a few Derg era generals.

            What these three events plus the couple of promotional events that were held in the last 16 years shows is a reduction of Tigrayan officers! I don’t think anyone can dispute this, but the question that needs an answer is whether it is being done quickly enough. I don’t have any “scientific” reason for it, but it is going too slow for my taste.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Fanti Ghana,

            In my earlier response to Kibrom, I have mentioned that the “parliament” has the highest power according the Ethiopian constitution. I also mentioned that each “state” (the Ethiopian Federation comprises of nine states) sent their representatives to the legislative body according their population, that means governing by “proportional representation” which alludes “equitable sharing” on the legislative level. Thank you for posting the exact number of representation which reflects the “proportional representation” and snuggly feed to my argument.

            Regards
            Amanuel Hidrat

          • Teodros Alem

            Selamat ya aman h
            U wrong as usual. It is 9 states and 2 city administration send thier representatives. And it is not according to the population. Example eth somali and tigrai have the same number of population but they send 38 and 23 .

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Teodros,

            The city administrations has never been the issue in the current Ethiopian politics, but the states are, specially the four major ones. The four major ones are equitably represented in the legislative body. That is my argument. Your social group has more representation than the Tigreans according their population. What is you beaf against this reality?

          • Teodros Alem

            Selamat ye aman h
            First of all my social group have non representatives on the legislative 0 but we survive better than the one who have 100% representative in the parliament(don’t ask me how)
            And since now everything was decided by tplf goes to eprdf and goes the the parliament and it will be law but now b/c of opdo and the people’s struggle the status quos r about to change and u will hear a lot of sad news

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Teodros,

            Can you answer all my questions to validate your argument? accusing only in itself is not enough argument. We are talking about the representation of the Ethiopian social groups in the parliament. Thanks to Fanti, she gave us the exact number. What is the problem with that ratio of representation? I don’t see the problem with it. If you see can you make it to see the problem with that representation ratio?

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam aman h
            The comment goes up . pls tell me which part of it u don’t want to understand?

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Teodros,

            Instead of answering my questions, you asked me what I don’t understand? Answering my questions one by one that are in my posting will do the job. It is simple to answer them without going around the bush if our engagement is for the purpose to have common understanding. You were arguing the Oromeya and the Amhara are the largest population and have not the majority representation in the parliament. I am telling you yes they are the majority, and actually they are indeed, have seats that represent their majority, which is 178 and 138 seats respectively as oppose to Tigreans 38 seats. What is your problem with this ratio of representation.?

          • Teodros Alem

            Selamat ye moalem aman h
            Ok, i puppet representation and democratically representation r very two different thing. Actually puppets representation r by far worst than the one u have in Eritrea .
            2nd , in which world(democracy) is that possible a minorities can lead a majority?

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Teddy,

            If the “peoples’ representative have the highest power, and if you call the representatives of Oromeya, Amhara, Somalia…..etc are puppets of Tigray whaile they are having the determinant power in the house of representation, then we can not make an educated argument. Look Teddy what you are saying in a nutshell is, while (a) the parties that form a “united front party” with TPLF irrespective of their “equal representation” in the power of the party and (b) while the “peoples’ house” is dominated by the majority of Amahara and Oromeya, you are saying still they are puppets. Now think of yourself what these representative of Amhara and Oromeya and others wil say about you. I will leave it for you. But unfortunately you make an end to our debates if your talk is limited to the concept “puppets.”

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam aman h
            Instead of arguing this nonsense subject why don’t u listen to the leaderships of the 4 eprd members party. U will get most of the answer there.
            2, do u have any idea how eprdf function there is a thing called ” democratic meakelawenet” which literally means tplf will decide and than eprdf will accept it and than everybody will follow regardless from which party they r. If samebody don’t agree to follow the party decision will be harass, arrested and so on .and this is the obvious.

          • blink

            Dear Teodrose
            I think you need to understand Mr. Amanuel.H defense of TPLA , he will not mention one put about the crime committed over the Ethiopian people by the current system, he will go forward n praise Meles as “ visionary leader , and now as always he will go on defending the current status quo.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam blink
            I don’t have problem if he worship meles’s ideology or if he support any party but accepting undemocratic implementation of the very idea(ideology) which he supported tells u , how he is a powerless dictator and upto something.

          • blink

            Dear Teodros
            You are right it is his right even to put a tattoo of the man on his arm but my main disappointment and disappointment with this man is he is very hypocritically oriented to march on this small world of democracy mainly by EPRDF. When people raise the difficulty the system created he will come welding to say “ that is Ethiopian issues “ yet he praise them day and night . I do question if his justice cry for Eritreans is real .

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam blink
            Yes but in order to say the system has difficulties first it has to be implemented accordingly( democratically) and than if there is difficulties u will try to fix it democratically. That should be the way.
            But this guy only to about mistrust 100 time a day as if he never trusted anybody in his life time. I don’t think he even trust u know

          • Nitricc

            ———) dup

          • Hi Nitricc,

            You forget one fundamental criteria that determines the viability of any government, and that is the economy. A flourishing economy is the product of collective effort of all parties. This is what we see in ethiopia today. When you read about industrial parks being constructed in all corners of the country, the biggest hydroelectric dam in africa is to be completed soon, the first electric railway connecting addis to djibouti and arban railway in the capital, both the first of their kind in sub saharan africa in fool service, a growing gdp, FDIs coming to the country from all directions, neighboring countries (kenya and sudan) planing to connect to ethiopia not only by road but with railways, etc; are these the signs of a country in trouble or going to get in to trouble in the near future? No one thinks so, except the known suspects.

            You should worry about the regime that has turned a country in to a frozen dormant state without any economic life, isolated the country and made it to be forgotten by the world, killed the essence of independence and freedom, deprived the country off its human capital by forcing the young to flee the country in all directions, and is flirting with powers which are in a precarious condition themselves.
            The days of the regime in asmara ended years ago, and it lives on a borrowed time, and therefore, you should save your worries for dia/pfdj.

            All the things you are saying concerning ethiopia are the product of your wish and imagination and they exist only in your mind. You insult the intelligence of the oromo people by seeing them as the trojan horse for your sinister plan. Be sure, they can easily understand what you have in mind. It is not only tplf, but ethiopia as well.

          • Thomas

            Hi Horizon,

            You got that right. Nitricc lost hope with the DIA regime for that he will keep dreaming to see the fall of Ethiopia. He is so addicted and the adage that describes him is “It is not enough to succeed; others must fail,” (Gore Vidal). He gave up on his gods as such he wants other to fail. As he is evil, that is the only way he gets satisfaction. I am sure Nitricc is a low-life who is struggling to barely survive. People of his kind never succeed in real life.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Thomas; I am the low life struggling to survive? Really? Hahaha. There is a better difintntion of low life. You know like going to half the globe to find a woman of half of your age. I know you are fat, old and stupid but you can’t find on woman to take you in here in the usa? That is amazing!!! What a loser. Regarding your beloved TPLF, they are wounded but it is not long before they are gone for good. The people of Oromo, the people of Amara and the rest of Ethiopians are awaken but you wouldn’t know that because you are stupid Weyane.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam ye Thomas
            First of all don’t equal ethiopia and eritrea as tplf/eprdf and eplf.
            And tplf and eplf r technically at war(cold war) since 1998 until now which means they r not only dreaming but also working hard to see the fall of one to the other. U tplfist tried (still trying) your best to see the fall of eplf so don’t be surprise if u see any eritrea and patriotic ethiopia do the same thing (work hard to see the fall of tplf) .as an ethiopian i (millions of Ethiopian) consider tplf the worst enemy of ethiopia.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam horizon
            U told us here in this forum u left Ethiopia in 80s. How do u know there is economic progress in ethiopia? How is good economic progress without solving the poverty of the population?
            The realty in ethiopia is so different from the propaganda of the regime. Electricity, water, housing, transportation(inside the city limit) r even worse than the derg time(ethiopia in civil war time) .u can ask any ethiopian except tplfist will tell u how life is harder for vast majority of the people.
            Evwn the leadership of eprdf admitted the country is in very big mess

          • selam Teodros Alem,

            Do you doubt that there is economic development that supersedes that of the 80s many fold, and the problem today in ethiopia is not wealth creation, but much more wealth distribution? Don”t you think that in this age of information revolution you do not need to be at the place to know what is happening? It is much easier to get a non biased and objective information when you are far from government propaganda and media control.

            Do you want to say that all diaspora ethiopians and eritreans do not know what they are talking about, because they left their countries a long time ago. The world knows even what is happening in eritrea and n. Korea behind the iron curtain. There is nothing hidden under the sun in this age and times. Your assumptions are far from the truth.

            If some ethiopians are against addis ababa development plan and they do not want to see roads and electricity in their neighborhood, that is a different story. At the same time it is the responsibility of the government to provide the above items, wherever they do not exist. It has no right to tell them, for e.g., to go to where the water is, whenever citizens ask for water, as it happens in eritrea.

            You expect ethiopia to solve all the economic problems of 100m people within a period of one decade. Recently china put in action a plan to extricate from poverty tens of millions of people who still live on less than a dollar a day. This shows that it is not an easy matter to solve poverty, especially when you start from a very low level, you are a third world country and you have a big population. Nevertheless, the future belongs to those who plan and work for it.

            Do not listen only to what you want to hear. Electricity output has doubled and in the coming five years ethiopia will produce more than 10k mv, while the overall production in sub saharan africa is not more than 100k mv, and the infrastructure developments i mentioned above are real. In addition, EAL has dominated the african skies. If all these do not mean anything to you, no one can help.

            Ethiopia has moved forward, nevertheless, still she has a long way to go. It is not important in the least how some people trivialize the economic development of the country, but what really happens on the ground, and ethiopians are going to defend their achievements. Ethiopia is showing economic activity, to which the world community is a witness.

            You are acting like a western journalist,, who goes to africa and comes back with the worst pictures of africa, because his mission is to show the ugliest faces of africa.

            It is dabo and a teaspoonful of democracy that grows continuously ethiopia needs, and she does not care who brings it, as long as he brings it. When it stops delivering, that is when it will have all ethiopians standing against it, and then it will become history. At the same time ethiopians will take care of those who undermine the country’s development, or want to put her in harm’s way.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam horizon
            Let me tell u what the real life looks like in ethiopia.
            1, the gov. Said they build a lot of hydroelectric dam but the people in all over ethiopia suffer electricity blackout everyday worse than derg time(this is true everybody knows it except u guys)
            2water, the gov. Claims they build a lot of water facilities but all over ethiopia people suffer from shortage of water every where. In some part of addis u can’t get no water for over 1 mounth(20_25 days r normal) and this is true everybody in ethiopia live with it and experience it.
            3, do u know u have to be in line for over 2-3 hours to get a taxi in addis. The contact taxi r even expansive than Europe and the us. Do u know there is a shortage of petroleum every weak or so and u have to wait long time to refill your car
            4, the gov, claim the build a lot of condos but the housing problem in all over ethiopia is worse than derg time.
            There is 3 kinds of people economically progressing
            1, those who took advantage of the expensive cost of living .those r the houae renters and the extra producers farmers
            2, those who have relatives in the west arab countries
            3, the corruption people.
            Any way i live here and there so try to go once and u will see the amount of homeless everywhere never seen in the history of ethiopia. Once when i was in addis the gov started deporting and send them to the military camp just b/c they were too many even the people can’t walk in the sidewalk and most of them r from south and your beloved tigraians.
            But there r a lot of construction but the entire gov. Build construction is done by loans from china and other countries.

          • Selam Teodros Alem,

            The population of addis ababa was only 1m during derg’s time. Today it has ballooned to 4m and increasing by the year, to become about 8m in a quarter century. The population of ethiopia was 60m and today it is more than 100m.

            This is a big burden on the water and electricity supply, and of course on the availability of dwellings and intracity transportation in major cities like addis ababa. Why don’t you visit lagos, and you will understand what transportation bottleneck really means?

            Electricity household connection is increasing every year even though it started at a very low percentage. It was about 25% countrywise some years ago, not bad by an african standard. Electricity production in ethiopia is about 4200MV, already bigger than many african countries. This amount is shared by the industry and household consumption.

            Addis ababa light railway needs more coaches, and the housing problem cannot easily be solved when rural migration increases the population of the city by 2.5% every year, if I am not mistaken. Moreover, almost all of the people coming to cities are poor farmers and laborers.

            The trend is that all these problems will improve with time, provided gdp growth continues as it is over the last decae. More dams and solar and wind farms are constructed and coming in to production, condos are built as never before, although they are far from satisfying demands, and a small, nevertheless, a growing middle class is forming. Therefore, there is no comparison between today and derg’s time.

            As much as corruption, nepotism and illegal money transactions are concerned, I agree with you, because these are the government’s achilles heel, and an important factor that could impede economic development.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam
            The population of addis at derg time was 2.2 M anyway
            Am talking about ratio. I know it is your job and u will keep talking this nonsense but u can’t change the truth.

          • Nitricc

            Hey Teodros: Do you know that at this time that the government of Ethiopia has only 777 million dollars in hard currency?do you know Telecome has funds only for the next three months and after that it can’t be operational unless it gets the found. Do you know that the most Ethiopians stopped paying taxes. Do you know that Denver Colorado is the hub for corrupted Weyane thugs and the housing market is booming thanks for the Weyane thugs. They are taking the money and investing it in the US. It only gets worst. the more the situation is unstable in Ethiopia the deeper and aggressive
            the loot is. They know the west is not going to let Ethiopia collapse and the looting is ON and in the heights order. last chance!

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam horizon
            Pls tell me how to get a reliable information from ethiopia ?

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam ye aman h
            U said just 9 states, i said 9 states and 2 city administration.
            And since when the size of same population represented with different numbers (tigrai38 and ethsomali23) is equal puppet representation?

          • blink

            Dear Fanti
            Could it be also that the PM was told in Tigrinya and in the middle he lost the actual message ? Just saying, I mean who knows what goes through the game. Generally I think this all about prisoners thing is one of the many systems of clearing the crime scene.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selam blink,

            “clearing the crime scene.” That is a good one!

  • Kbrom

    Hi Alex,

    Amanuel H. has warned me earlier and he was right.

    I knew it from the very beginning that you do not talk on ideas, that is why I was trying to engage you until you run out of your few tools, and show your true colours, which is of course, the usual tactics of branding labels.

    Those who rush to judge other people are those who got an amygdala with an attitude problem. This is demonstrated 1) when some one tries to judge people without bothering to know all facts about the person ( ብቕዕቲ ኣይኮንክን ኢልኪ ካርጃ), 2) does not know and appreciate each person is different from the other (ሓደ ልቢ ሓደ ህዝቢ ከለናስ በበይኑ ክንዛረብ ዓገብ!) 3) is blind to the sacred words of Do unto others as you would have them done unto you (እንቋዕ ኣሕዋተይ ኣውጻእኩ እምበር ኣገልግሎት ወላ ደረት ዘይብሉ ይኹን), 4) is not trained to accept and tolerate other peoples opinion or idea (the product of school of ያላ ዝተባሃልካዮ ጥራይ ግበር በሎ ርእይቶ ሕቶ የለን ካብ ላዕሊ ዝመጸ ኢዩ), 5) is interested more on appearance rather than content, people behind the idea rather than the issue at hand (ኣበይ ዝነበረት ኢያ እዛ ከምኡ ትብል ዘላ, ወያነ ኢኺ ኢልካ እንዶ ዕጸዋ ኣይትመልሰላ ኸማን ኣዘራርበኣ ቃናኣ ናይ ቆልዓ ይመስል to use your words ‘condensanding and childish’, what ever it means: 6) does not understand he is defining himself by rushing to judge others , Earl Nightingale has rightly said ‘when you judge others, you do not define them, you define yourself’ ከምኡ ዝገብር ከምኡ ይነግር ይብላ ዓድና።

    Whether you reply or not I do not care, what I care is please DO NOT JUDGE people because that is the beginning of the demise of civilisation. ናይቲ ባዕለይ ኢየ ከሳሲ፡ ባዕለይ ኢያ ተጣባቒ፡ ባዕለይ ኢየ ፈራዲ ዝብል ኣብዚ ዓድና ዘሎ እንዳጸላእናስ ኣብኡ ኮንኩም ከኣ ከምኡ ክትገብሩና፡ ንዕኡ እውን ብከምዚኣ ንእሽቶ ኢያ ጀሚራቶ እታ ሕማም ቅድም ንሓደ ሰብ፡ ደሓር ንኡኩባት ሰባት፡ ደሓር ንመላእ ህዝቢ።

  • Dis Donc

    Dear Ethiopians,
    After many years, my sister is coming to live with me, in Chile. We were able to apostille all credentials except the one from Addis Ababa University. Since Ethiopia is not yet a member of The Hague treaty the traditional apostlling process is as follows. The AAU must authenticate the degree as well as the transcript. It must then be signed both by MoE and foreign affairs. Finally will be signed by the Chilean embassy.

    The ideal thing to do would have been for me to go personally and do the paper work, but I am not allowed to enter Ethiopia. Neither is my sister. One three occasions I was returned, right from the airport, with the last one being shamefully, in 2015. Escorted like a common criminal.

    Please if you know any agency or individuals that you can trust you can write me his contacts. I really really appreciate your help on this matter. Payment for services will be rendered, graciously.

    • Amde

      Selam DisDonc

      Please email me at amdebrahan@gmail.com

      • Dis Donc

        Gracias Amde
        Te lo agradezco mucho por la ayuda.

      • MS

        Selam amde
        That’s nice of you. That’s the sort of assistance done by initiatives of private citizens in reaching out to the other side that describes the brotherly relationship between the two people. Well appreciated, sir. Melkam Addis Amet.
        Regards

      • blink

        Dear Amde
        Second to the great MS, I just wanted you to know that you are a good person, keep the good work. Dis Doc wish every thing goes smooth for your sister.

      • Fanti Ghana

        Selamat Amde and Dis Donc,

        Let me know if you need help. I talked to “my sources” and I believe I can help, especially on getting clearance from Gumruk (where the bottle neck usually is in these matters).

        Provided there is no time pressure, I will be going there myself in 6-7 months (let’s keep this as a last case scenario).

        Good Luck!

    • Binieam

      Hi Dis Donc

      If your unable to go to Ethiopia you can appoint a representative to conduct your business on your behalf with a power of attorney. Here’s the link for applying for a power of attorney.
      http://www.ethiopianembassy.net/passportservices/consular-services/power-of-attorney/

      I hope this will be useful.

      • Dis Donc

        Dear Biniam
        Few things to mention here
        1. I am not in the US or any country that has Ethiopian embassy. I live in Chile.
        2. Ethiopian embassies are known not to respond to calls or emails.
        3. Face to face has been a disaster for me, to say the least. And that is after no less than 12 hrs flight.
        4. Frustration is all I get so far.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Dear DD,

          Though the situation is frustrating, don’t give up. I hope Amde will help you how to overcome this hurdles. Good luck brother.

        • Binieam

          Hi Dis Donc

          Hopefully Amde and Fanti will pull something through for you. I Assume you already tried contacting the Ethiopian Embassy in Brazil which is also accredited to Chile. Best of luck.

  • Kbrom

    Hi Alex,

    You said ‘if as country we get $500 million USD from UAE that will be good as long us the money is used wisely.’ Who decides that sovereign decision, incase you forgot we had a constitution in which chapter 1.2 and 1.3 states that :

    1.2 The territory of Eritrea consists of all its territories, including the islands, territorial waters and airspace, delineated by recognised boundaries.
    1.3. In the State of Eritrea, sovereign power is vested in the people, and shall be exercised pursuant to the provisions of this Constitution. How on the earth any person in his right mind like you would take it tfor granted when one man decides a war and peace issues. It is such new norm that is taking our country from worse to the worst.

    The president of the Somaliland, a ‘country’ which is not even recognised by the UN, Ahmed Mohammed , replied to UAE that the state will table the request to the parliament only then they will approve or reject it, when asked by UAE to have a military camp in Berbera.

    How can a national sovereign decision like the lease of the port of Assab is decided by one man las if it is his backyard garden. Why is the 500 million dollar important for you more than the rule of law and the sovereign power snatched by one man which should be vested in the people according to the constituion?

    The second ወሓጥዮ ተበልክዋ ትጎስሞ part of your absurd argument is when you say ‘what did we get from assab the last 20 years nothing.’ Why do you compare the ugly with the ugliest when both of them are the product of the government you support. ሓደ ሰነፍ ተማሃራይ ትምህርቲ ምስተረፈ ኣብኡ ተቖጢዑ ኣንታ ርኹስ ውላድ ካን ኣብ ሓንቲ ክፍሊ ክልተ ግዜ ከም ቅጫ ከይተገልበጥካ ምሕላፍ ኣቪኻ በሎሞ ወዮ ሰነፍ ቆልዓ ተኽሉ ዓርከይ ሰለስተ ግዜ እንዲዩ ተሪፉ በሎ ይበሃል። Can’t you compare Assab with the tiny port of Djibouti which earned so far 722.5 million port fees and about 22 million port tariff only from Ethiopia, according to reports from Free Zones Authority of Djibouti.

    ኣይ ሳልስቲ ኣይራብዕቲ መርዘን ኣትሒዝካኒ እምበር ኣንታ ኣሌክስ ሓወይ

    • Selamat Kbrom,

      Kbri natomm… Shmm TTwaff nay yatta temelket.

      AHtSir abile bEili klaleyeka. Bwaza, qanna, tone ybbll Alex…”nay Qedemm koynu tmalii..”

      “Eske teAzebb netta beradd menn iyyu tSelamm ztSiwuAA.” Abta bokhreyy yedimtSe alekhu zbelkana klte teSarari … “Nlebamm amitelu nAASHa dorgiHalu” Qobb Bailey’s.

      You have said the printing of Nakfa in the Sudan 40B to 60B sounding in the defense of the causes, yet on the effects your argument perplexed yours truly.
      IziAA Hito nayy temaharo zeykonetsi, Hito nntemaharo iyya.

      Sebb qedemm gedli igri tekhiluss kndi Adam, (Teenager), keyy akhelenn keywedaen kolo: kemzi bilom zemeru:
      “Hito nayy mntayy Hito”
      Lomi gnn:
      Hito nmenn Hito nntemaharo..yhalukha shitto..wQaE shitto…

      “Kokhobb semayy abqdmeyy zwedeQe.” I beg your Honor, Awatista2018, Kokhobb Selamat… Perhaps I should have posted on Jebena.

      Chimes..chiming in…Seburr Wudde.
      I take your leave to find the Wise Hippo. TurrAA filfill Gash Settitt an kremti.

      Odds are His Fanti Ghana cannot resist the mud… Who know of a cool Hippopotamus…

      X, Asshera Ibbnn Abbuhu. SaHH?

      tSAtSE

  • Kbrom

    Hi Alex,

    My credibility will be affected because Alex ‘has hard time believing the statement’? Which school of thought says so. At least can’t you engage yourself with some academic theories when you refute an information. Next time you tell me it is untrue please use the dynamics of checking credibility – at least from the elementary rules of Carl Hovland’s theory of initial credibility, transactional credibility and terminal credibility.

    What you are telling me now is a kinda of ‘what you are saying is not true because I do not like it’ which reminds me one incident which took place when we were in a place called Ararib. Here is the story, again not to spoil the sprit of the true story I will put it in Tigrigna.

    ኣብ ዓራርብ ጥቓና ሕክምና እንዳ ህዝቢ ዝበሃል ኣዴታት ዝተዓቖባሉ ቦታ ነይሩ፡ ህዝባዊ ግንባር እዘን ኣዴታት እውን ነቐፌታ ነብሰነቐፌታ ክለማመዳን ኪትግብራ ኣለወንን ኢሉ ስለዝወሰነ ነቐፌታን ነብሰ ነቐፌታን ጀመራ። ሓደ መዓልቲ ሓንቲ ዕብይ ኢለን ኣደ ጌጋ ፈጺመን ምስተነቐፋ ብነድሪ ‘ኣይቅበሎን ኢየ እዚ ነቐፌታ ብፍጹም በላ’። እታ ኣኼባ እተካይድ ዝነበረት ሓላፊት ኣደ ኣይወዓልክዮን ኮንኪ ዲኺ፡ መልሲ ኣለኪ ዶ ምስበለኣ ‘ኣይፋል ብነበሰይ ኢየ! ማለትሲ ነቐፌታ ባህ ኣይብለንን ኢዩ ብነብሰየ’ በላ ይበሃል። So beyond ‘I have hard time believeing it’ please challenge me with the power of ideas or credibility Mr Alex. If your refutal is based on ኣያ ህግደፍ ወላ ትንፈር ጤልያ ስለዝበሉኒ ብነብሰይ ዘረባኻ ኣይፈትዎን ኣለኹ then it will be difficult for me to waste my time with you.

  • Kbrom

    Hi all

    Dedicated to all members of the club of ‘I support all imprisonments without any evidence but will ask others ‘where is your evidence’

    Re: who is your resources. For such a kind of information, naturally the sources are internal, which for obvious reasons is difficult to include him/her in the text. Had we had a constitutional and elected government with the three plus one systemic pillars that do the check and balance (legislative, executive and judiciary + independent media), we would not be in such a hunt of source and evidence). BTW, I noticed that PIA is also so obsessed with the phrase ‘where is the evidence’ whilst he feels absolutely comfortable imprisoning tens of thousands with out the slightest evidence of what he accuses them – including the G-15.

    Nitric, track records and trends say a lot with such kinda of unaccountable governments. Just remember when we said UAE is in Assab in 2016 ’the supporters’ brazenly assaulted us for disseminating information from unknown sources ‘ክቡር ፕረዚደንትና ከምዝበሎ እዛ ምድረ ስዉኣት ኤርትራ ናይ ዝኾነ ይኹን ወገን መዓስከር ኣይትኸውንን ኢያ’ however, soon they realised that both the land and its martyrs were sold together.

    By the way, it was not only the supporters who did not see it coming, even for PIA, the development was so fluid. On 29 March 2016 the president issued a statement which states that Eritrea ‘is not fancy with alliances and he does not support the alliance formed by Saudi Arabia’. Then a blessing in disguise changed the regional political landscape: Djibouti due to the childish bahaviour of its minister for foreign affairs (some times he acts like PFDJ officials) lost UAE.

    PIA was picked by the angry buyer, UAE, hence invited (or to be politically correct summoned) to Riyadh one month after its ‘we are not for sale’ bravado – on 29 April 2016. For your information he was not invited by the palace but by the Saudi intelligence institutions on behalf of UAE through the now Crown Prince Mohammed ( who is also a close and personal friend of the Amir of UAE.

    What did the supporters, who were asking us for evidence, said when the ንዝኾነ ወገን ዘይጸዓድ ሰብኣይ succumbed to the 500 million dollar + 5 years petrol supply in return of port of Assab and sending one battalion to guard president Alhadi’s palace?

    This is what the supporters that I know said: ‘ኣየ ብልሒ ኣደስ ወሊዳ ትምከን: እዚ ስንክሳር ውድብና ገለ እንዲዩ፡ ነዛ ዓለም ኣጸሊልዋ ፡መዓስከር ኣይነፍቅድን እንዳበለ ኢማራት ደበኽ , ንቐጠር ድማ ኩምትር: እንቋዕ ናይዚ መንግስቲ ኮንና, not even knowing that the government is not theirs.

    Yes, track records and trends say a lot. The demotion of General Sbhat, the expulsion of Eritrean Higher Education Executive Officer, The appointment of Brigadier General Haile Mehtsun instead, the closure of R&D in Halal College, the recent new engagement with USA (more to come), the demonstration of 31st November by students, even the tragedy of Lampedusa (aka ዘይሕጋውያን ኣፍሪቃውያን ስደተኛታት) are some of the events which the independent sources informed us and not the Government of Eritrea.

    What do you know about the propaganda machine called 03 including the proxies who are compensated and contacted via Dark- Web (a parallel closed off internet) to manufacture, false stories and spread customised misinformation using different accounts

    Why do you think we are in a state of desperate search of information, even the basic information that takes place in broad-light, such as the recent closure of more than 300 small businesses owned by the private sector? what do you see the solution?

    Final thought: a child came to his dad and told him ‘dad I have a class homework which is a bit hard for me to answer: our teacher asked us to define the difference between trust and truth to which he answered as follows: (actually, I know the father who is a Tegadalay) let me put it in Tigrigna not spoil its spirit in the translation: ቢንያም ወደይ ሓቅን እምነትን ቁሩብ ፍልልይ ኣለዎም: ብኣብነት ከረዳእካ ይሓይሽ፡ ሕጂ እንታይ ይመስለካ ቢንያም ወደይ: ወይኒ ኣዴኻ ኢያ፡ እዚ ሓቂ ኢዩ: ትሕዘኒ ዶ ኣሎኻ ቢኒ ወደይ: ኣነ ድማ ኣቦኻ ኢየ – እዚ ኸኣ እምነት ይበሃል በሎ።

    Moral: you can not ask your wife for DNA every time she gives birth:ከምቲ ቅዱሳት መጻሕፍቲ ዝብልዎ እመን እሞ ኪገሃደልካዩ

  • Selam All,

    An encouraging news is coming from ethiopia. It is said that all political prisoners are to be released and the infamous maekelawi to be closed and to be turned into a museum. It seems that democratic forces in the eprdf are having the upper hand. We will see!

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Horizon,

      I also saw and read the news report at BBC. I thought it could be too exciting to be true. But after a few moments of reflection, one cannot but imagine that people at the helm could have realized the past two and a half decades have brought the country to a crossroad. The economic progress and governance phase in which it has played out has to turn a corner and the latter has to open sufficient democratic space if the accompanying social and material challenges would not relapse to regression rather than integrative consolidation. If it will turn to be true, release of political dissidents would be a clever first political move the next phase of democratization uninterrupted material progress would need.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Horizon & Ismailo,

        I hope the “good will” of the government shouldn’t be seen as weaknesses of EPRDF by the opposition and try exploit it. If they did, it will be a complete chaos and the government will be obliged to take steps to protect the security and stability of their nation. The opposition should observe the “rule of law” and stop vandalism of business and industries as the did last year in the south. We wish them good luck for the good will to their people and hope to be an open door to democratization of their politics.

        • Teodros Alem

          Selam aman h
          The “good will” of tplf is apply only in tigrai. It is not upto them to deiced about the whole of ethiopia. Until true federalism apply in ethiopia tplf will never have peace.

        • Peace!

          Hi Emma,

          Obviously it is more political tactic than “good will” given the time and purpose of such good gesture, and more importantly, most of the imprisoned opposition leaders, who can contribute in the reconciliation process, have not even charged with any crime other than resisting oppression and dominance against TPLF lead government. How could that be a good will?

          Peace!

          • Selam Peace,

            Political tactic or good will, this is a big step forward. We pray pfdj would also do the same thing in the immediate future. It is a similar chance towards freedom we all wish for eritrean political prisoners as well.

          • Peace!

            Hi Horizon,

            Reacting to a decision with optimism is one thing, and analyzing such thing for purposes of cause and effect is also another. It is good to see you and TPLF apologists Eritreans in this room finally admiting there are democratic forces challenging TPLF’s iron fist rule afters years of denial and insane whataboutism.

            I didn’t say it is not a good move all I said was it could have been handled in away that preserves credibility of the courts and without the government showing sign of desperation for reconciliation. Regardless the fact is It is an abuse of power to arrest and release innocent people whenever feels convenient otherwise no one would disagree with TPLF admitting its mistake and trying to open a new chapter of reconciliation and peace.

            Peace!

          • Hi Peace,

            Your knee-jerk reaction to the news was to discredit it and call it a political tactic, and not to demand the same thing for eritrean political prisoners as well, although you say you do not disagree. For the prisoners without crime, taking them out of hell and sending them to back to their homes and families is seen only as a miracle and not differently.

            Peace, you will never see the whole picture of ethiopian politics, if you continue equating ethiopian politics to tplf politics. This is not the early 1990s when ethiopia was under the combined boots of tplf and eplf. Ethiopian politics is not going to change a bit if tplf goes, because ethiopians have nothing good to remember from eplf/pfdj. That is what you fail to see. Ethiopia is waiting to see the behavior of the future eritrean government to change her policy.

            Desperate regimes like the one in asmara incarcerate their citizens, dump them in dungeons, and when asked about them, they say it is not our problem to know their whereabout, or whether they are dead or alive. Forget about releasing them from prison.

            Let our new year wish for political prisoners in eritrea be freedom and the chance to join their families, whether for political tactic or good will on the pfdj’s side.

          • Peace!

            Hi Horizon,

            I told you million times it is not about how I see things rather how things are unfolding and why. Please try to stick to the subject if you can. Your position has been to supporting TPLF in all fronts as long as it remains better than PFDJ regardless how many people are killed, imprisoned, displaced, and tortured. The problem with when one set the bar too low, and engaged in denial and whataboutism( what about PFDJ) for so long, changing colors become easier than admitting and challenging. It is a miracle that yesterday’s criminals and terrorists are now political prisoners and democratic forces.

            Peace!

          • Hi Peace,

            The problem you have with tplf and the problem we have with it are not the same, nor are the solutions. If tplf is the major problem for you, pfdj is a minor problem for us, and be sure, ethiopians can handle tplf.

            What we see in ethiopia today is political change. If people are criminalized in the past and are put in prison, and they are absolved of their crimes and released today, it is the sign of success for the people and country, and not something that should be seen as inconsistency on the side of the ethiopian government. The problem is when innocent people are imprisoned and the keys are thrown away as it happens in pfdj’s eritrea.

            Finally, it is not the subject that is changing, rather it is our viewpoints that are different, and we can live with it.

          • Peace!

            Hi Horizon,

            Let’s just hope TPLF is ready for genuine reform the country needs desperately.

            Peace!

          • Thomas

            Hi Horizon,

            Men!! You are so good. I wish you were an Eritrean:) Spot on, “If people are criminalized in the past and are put in prison, and they are absolved of their crimes and released today, it is the sign of success for the people and country, and not something that should be seen as inconsistency on the side of the ethiopian government. The problem is when innocent people are imprisoned and the keys are thrown away as it happens in pfdj’s Eritrea.” I am sure the families of our imprisoned heroes and all innocent Eritreans would be very happy to read you on what you just articulated.

          • Peace!

            Hi Thomas,

            Who are the criminals TPLF thugs or people like Dr. Mirara, Bekele, and many others…? If you are against PFDJ for committing crimes, then it is hypocritical to rationalize similar crimes committed by TPLF.

            Peace!

          • Thomas

            Hi Peace Arkey,

            I never said they were criminals. I am sure you know the difference between a criminal and being criminalized (to make illegal). I wish the G15, all our imprisoned journalists, religious believers and everyone else innocent was released today. I would be celebrating like there is no tomorrow. That does not mean I would stop fighting the mafias who ruined the life of my beloved ones though. I will them until I see them prosecuted in the court of law. In the end, I want see justice prevail.
            I just wanted to let you know that the Ethiopians are doing their homework, but how about us, the Eritreans. We are only about 4-5 million people but we are very visible all over the world, but in the refuge camps. I worry too much about this. The images of my underage brothers and sisters in the refuge camps of Ethiopia is something that I cannot sleep on. As far as I am concerned, Ethiopia/ns is/are in a much better situation than that of ours. “Heba’e kuslu heba’e fewsu”

          • Peace!

            Hi Thomas,

            Well…then why don’t you ask Ethiopians stop posting because you prefer to focus on your own issue instead of going after people who disagree with them?

            Peace!

          • Thomas

            Hi Peace,
            It is NOT the talk by the Ethiopians that is causing the mass migration of my beloved people, but as you well know the internal enemies of my people and my country are. Most of all, the situation in Ethiopia is something that cannot be controlled by us, the Eritreans. It is too complicated because no one knows where the country will be tomorrow. Can you say Ethiopia was best under the HS, derg and other administrations? Most of all, Eritrea was used as an excuse to stop any demand by the Ethiopians. The same way like the mafias regime in Eritrea is currently doing, we are at war with the “wenbediawoch” of Eritrea. We are at “No peace No war” situation with the weyenes and the UN, US and others are conspiring against us/Eritrea.
            I have enough of those people supporting the mafias telling me stories about the weyanes. I don’t expect to hear it from a good hearted-people like yourself. Most of all, problem in Ethiopia can complicate our focus in get ridding of the criminals in our country.

          • Peace!

            Hi Thomas,

            No. I replied to a post regarding Ethiopian Issue, and then you asked me to focus on my own issue. Is it replying to a post or posting a non Eritrean issue causing the distraction?

            peace!

          • Thomas

            Hi Peace,
            I think I was only responding to your communications with Horizon. Now, I see you have posted something on top, afresh new thread:) I see your potential and wish if you could spent that all to saving lives of our own. You see the Ethiopians are not coming to save us and they have time again & told us it is our problem NOT theirs. The only issue I have with the tplf is that they are not doing enough to help us get rid of the monsters of our own. I thought “the enemy of my enemy is my friend” adage can be the way to go:) That is my only problem with them. Though, they are housing hundreds of thousands of Eritrean refuges and for which we should thank them.

        • Amde

          Selam Amanuel H.

          Still digesting the news. I guess we will know soon enough the sincerity of this move.

          I wanted to make a comment here about the comment wrt “opposition”.

          In my opinion, the formal “opposition” (legal or illegal) is irrelevant to what is driving these changes. There have been mushrooming protests by the youth that have been making large swaths of the country ungovernable. There do seem to be activist networks drivjng/pushing/supporting them.

          I doubt very much the classic “opposition” (think of Dr. Merera Gudina, or Dr. Beyene Petros, or Lidetu Ayalew, or ArenaTigray or even Ginbot7) have much say in what is driving the protests.

          Funnily enough, there are four generations concurrently politically active in Ethiopia.

          Generation 1: They rebelled against HaileSellasie but fought the Derg. Basically 60s Ethiopian Student Movement. Prime example.. Sebhat Nega, Abay Tsehaye and the TPLF old guard.

          Generation 2: They rebelled against the Derg, fought against the Derg, rolled into Addis and installed the EPRDF governance system. In this group, I would put in people like Bereket Simon, AbbaDulla Gemeda.. etc.. EPRDF’s grey beards that keep retiring one day but keep coming back the next.

          Generation 3: This group were too young or maybe not even alive to remember anything about HaileSellasie. They grew up in the Ethiopia of the Derg years. They joined the EPRDF and progressed within it after it came into power. In this group I would put the current Prime Minister and the presidents of the Oromia and Amara region.

          Generation 4: This is the cohort that grew up completely under EPRDF’s political system, and ideological indoctrination. They are the ones now that are protesting and rebelling.

          Generation 4 has been taking to the streets because their needs are not being met by EPRDF, the constitutional order or the formal opposition. They are the true change drivers in Ethiopia today, and EPRDF is fundamentally a conservative force trying to hold them back. It is really difficult to find one person or group which can legitimately claim to speak for this generation. I assume releasing people like Dr. Merera would be well received, and he probably can count on a huge groundswell of public goodwill, but I doubt very much he can presume to speak for the Oromo youth. The situation is worse in the Amara region.. I don’t know of any one person or even organization whom EPRDF can release/legalize and hope that they would be a bridge to Gen4.

          But in any case, EPRDF as a whole, and the individual organizations within the front do not seem to have a coherent policy and message. So we are left with interparty and intraparty groups that agree on some things and not on others. Horizon’s articulation of “.. democratic forces within EPRDF…” is well put. At least from my perspective, what seems to be forcing change is Gen4 putting heat on the streets on Gen3 to make changes. Gen3 is then pushing these changes on Gen2 and Gen1 within the EPRDF. Sadly, the opposition remains irrelevant.

          It is a good beginning to the Ferenji new year though. It would be great if thousands of families can be joined by their loved ones for ገና።

          Amde

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam Amde
            Gen 1 and gen 2,3,4 i think the motives behind thier struggle are very different.
            Gen 1 they don’t have any good intentions about the country ethiopia itself so as long as this so called gen 1 got the upper hand on the military i don’t think there will be democracy in ethiopia.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Sir Amde,

            Very interesting analysis as to the generational forces in the Ethiopian current politics and the interplay of the four generations in shaping the course of the nation as you go forward. I like generation three and generation four to be the driving forces for the needed change, as they are the forces who receive the transferring torch slowly from the generation one and generation two. Generation one and Generation two will soon take the back seat of advisory roles.

            The Ethiopian politics is maturing slowly but surely, and the peaceful transfer of power from generation to generation is inevitable.

            Amde, Ethiopia with the current Federal system and its constitution will survive and progress, by tuning it into its realities to address the current grievances. Grievances will exist from time to time in different shapes and forms. The issue is how to address them. And I believe Ethiopians are capable to the challenges. Ethiopians can not be defined by haters and bigots who are in the mix of the crises. The good men and good women of the Ethiopian creeds will prevail.

            Regards

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam aman h
            Do u even understand what Amde said?
            There is no transferring torch between the so called generations. The fact is gen1 is killing gen 4 day by day.
            I debate if u even were a fighter of elf.i even debate if u were in 20 km radius of war area in your life time b/c 99% of your comments doesn’t show u r a man of principles. I believe only man of principles can fight for what he believe is right.

          • Kbrom

            Hi Amde,

            Great insights. I agree it is Gen 4 that is driving the change. What do you think the role of the external factors.

            There is some analysis by foreigners which states that since there is no reliable opposition, it is better to reform the EPRDF by pressuring them to be more inclusive and diversified. Some researchers say that most EU members ( despite Anna Gomezes lobbying for G7) as well as big powers, believe that they can not afford another Ethiopian disintegration and they think it is better to take proactive initiative to the extent of forming a transitional government to save Ethiopia.

            The other day, I read an analysis from an interview with one ቢኣደን senior official who believes that what is happening with Gen 4 is not a political issue but a consequence of Ethiopian rapid development.

            The minority nationalities are more confident with EPRDF than with Amhara because they have grievances from the previouse Amhara dominated governments and this is an advantage for EPRDF.
            Debub hizboch with more than 56 Ethnic group is one of the areas that feels they are better off with EPRDF as they have threat from the major ethnic groups.

            As you stated in you analysis clearly there is intra politics where some of the senior EPRDF officials say that their problem is purely administrative and that they can rectify it by introducing modern institutionalisation, (which I see a bit state of denial) whilst the other group believe that they have made strategic mistakes and that what they are reaping is what we sow for the last 25 years.

            What they believe is that the structure of the government is too horizontal from Kebele to Federal and the people is victimised by the administrational maladies if we restructure the admin system people would be satisfied.

            What surprises is that few people talk about the elephant in the room. How can a minority of 6% govern 92 million people. Can a federal system that is based only on ethnic structure survive, to which EPRDF states that even Gambela region has 6 Ethnic group hence it is based on both geographical and ethnic group. Then they question what is the problem of having Ethnic based federalism if it worked in Quebecc for the french speakers why not in Ethiopia?

            Scenarios?

            1 EPRDF can make so many changes and with the help of external forces who see Ethiopia as the hegemonic power in the East of Africa, EPRDF will survive but not with the same power it has for the last 25 years. the external factors would demand from the EPRDF to give more posts to the Oromo and Amhara Opposition group but this might not satisfy the grassroots as the bond between the people in the streets and the would be comers is not that much.

            2 EPRDF will split in to two and forces of democratic change could win the power of balance or as it happened in the last TPLF congress the old guards will retain power and King Makers like Aboy Sebhat will have a great say in the balance of power.

            3 EPRDF would allow a transitional government ala the July 1991 conference and create a new Ethiopia. This requires the political will of EPRDF, the maturity of the opposition, and the best interest of the grassroots which is not represented by EPRDF and the opposition. This would include constitutional and structural adjustment.

            4 Less likely the mob in the streets would grow into Atahrir Square style. This is not likely because the threat is in the Oromia and Gonder Region and not in Addis, the Gen 4 is not affiliated much to the political organisations it is more Ethnic based grievances and urban grievances such as unemployment. EPRDF believes that they graduated thousands of students, they built hundreds of Universities without necessarily having the employment plan. ( interview by Ethiopian Ambassador to USA)

            5 TPLF to invoke article 39 and declares Tigray as an independent country – ummmmmm remote possibility.

            One thing that seems misunderstood is that it looks EPRDF is not as weak as it looks from outside. What makes me think that? Having a 35 days congress and coming out from that congress alive is not an easy task for a political organisations with so much challenges.

            is just it is a layman’s ሃጠውቀጠው just saying as they say!

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Kbrom,

            TPLF has a good culture of resolving critical internal problems within themselves by a long debates, sometimes up to three months. I heard it from one of the establishment of the organization in his interview during the 40th celebration of its foundation in 2015. So to have a 35 days of congress for a challenging time is not a new exercise in the political culture of the organization. It has been a long tradition in their practice and is working with them magnificently as a party.

            Regards

          • Kbrom

            Very true Emma, they have that political culture, what makes this one different is, firstly it is the first major crisis resolution conference in the absence of the strong man Meles Zenawi, secondly it is very risky for an organisation in a fragile alliance (accused as the cause of the crises) to overcome such a challenging moment, thirdly it was not a congress, hence was not an easy task to change chairman and vice chairman, as by virtue of the organisational charter such elections are held only through general congress and not central committee’s meetings, as it was in this case and fourthly it was held at the time the country is under state of emergency.

            it is said that they had a 90 days meeting when the organisation elected Meles against Abay Tsehaye in 1986.

            Now, compare this with the PFDJ, an organisation that did not have its congress for the last what? 23 years, and imprisoned almost 50% of its leaders, and is dictated by one person, yet disregard others. ኣብ ዓይና ዘሎ ጉንዲ ዘይረኣየትሲ ኣብ ዓይኒ ካልኦት ዘሎ ገፈል!

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Kibromay,

            The organization had introduced the concept of “collective decision” and resolving big issues through “long democratic debates” since its inception, and was taken as organizational culture throughout its existence. That is why liquidations to opposing individuals is not popular and common as ours within the organizational rank and files. And I think this political culture was adopted within EPRDF united front party, if I am not mistaken. By the way it took them similar duration of time in their debate to transform their struggle from question of “nationality or Biher” to a broader of Ethiopian issue that lead to the formation of EPRDF. In the process a visionary leader Meles Zenawi among the equals had laid down the strategy of the current social and economic progress in the country. Meles with his “power of idea” and “communication skills” Ethiopia had overcome many challenges.

            The formation of united front party (EPRDF) was very crucial in holding the unity and stability of the country. Imagine if TPLF would have come as a single front to power in 1991, the Ethiopia we know wouldn’t exist with the nature of the mistrust among the four major social groups that existed then and still persist to exist. The fight for power of the four major social groups would have been inevitable if it wasn’t EPRDF specially during the transitional process in the 90s. To win the national government the oppositions have to form a similar united front party to challenge EPRDF. Otherwise as long as EPRDF’s unity is intact and as long as the opposition failed to form a united front party, every election cycle will be won by EPRDF. This is simple common sense, in the current realities of Ethiopia.

          • Kbrom

            Hi Emma,

            Do you think the current dynamism with in the EPRDF leadership is viable, i mean isn’t there more mistrust, more feeling of marginalisation from the Oromo and Amhara leadership. I believe the EPRDF itself has evaluated this reality stating that the last decade was marked by mistrust among the member groups.

            The second point is in regard to election. Do you see the election in Ethiopia as fair and free election. can you have a free and fair election when all the political and socio economic infrastructure and defence and security apparatus is monopolised by one group.

            ms selamta

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Merhaba Kibromay,

            Since the time of the emperor, the “mistrust and feeling of marginalization” among the Ethiopian social groups ( I don’t use ethnic b/c of its negative connotation) was rampant. According article 46 of their current constitution, the states are “delimited on the base of the settlement patterns, languages, identity and consent of the people concerned.” And therefore, Ethiopia has ethnic Federalism made of nine states. The introduction of Ethnic federalism was to mitigate the mistrust and issue of marginalization. Do the states have autonomy to govern themselves within the framework and the constitutional relationship between the states and the central government. I believe so. Because the states have their own legislative, judiciary, and executive body to govern themselves.

            Who has the highest power from the three pillars of the government? According article 50 of their constitution “The House of Peoples’ Representatives is the highest authority of the Federal Government”. The states sent their representative to the central government based on their population. In other words there is “equitable representation” and there is no marginalization at the legislative level which has the highest power of the government.

            The executive branch is appropriated to and or run by the parties. And here are the sources of the grievances. The ruling party (EPRDF) and the opposition parties must draft the “election laws” the gives equal opportunities to the competing parties. And I think they are drafting new election laws this time for the coming election cycle. Once they mange to do that, Ethiopians are in the right direction. Because of the deep mistrusts within the social groups in their diversity, the existing parties does reflect to the identity formation of the social group, and a single party can’t win election nationwide. They have to form a “united front parties” like EPRDF to avoid the appearance of marginalization in the contest.

            regards
            Amanuel Hidrat

          • Selam Amde,

            Great analysis!

            Generation 4, let me call them millennials, the ideologues of change in the age when ideology is dead, those who are ready to fight for the common good when individualism is everything, and the warriors who stand bare hand against the systemic coercion by the government, are the ones who are going to tame the government, the ones who are telling it, either you are with the masses or against it, we move forward together hand in hand by making us equal stakeholders or you will find us opposing you at every point, etc. They are saying do not ever think that we will be bystanders and spectators, when you are the masters of the land. NEVER – come hell or high waters. Therefore, change yourselves. Try to be the torch that shows the way forward, and not darkness so that the country loses its way,

            This, i think is the message conveyed by the millennials over two and half decades, and eprdf is forced to heed for the first time. The millennials showed that they are not to be intimidated and taken for fools.

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Gash Amde,

            Succinct and richly informative analysis as usual. I believe the country has come to what might be interesting crossroad as I tried to vaguely note yesterday in my rejoinder to Horizon. The crossroad seems where your four generation categories are converging. In such an eventuality, it is clear the most change motivated group is generation four with advantages of size (number) and stake in interests and opportunities democractic governance proffers. They are younger and resourcefull to stand up to the challenges. I think this factors appear to be common to the recent experiences in Tunisia and Egypt. The only mishap could pertain to lack of organization and leadership of which existing organized opposition are better off. Bridge building could be a win-win scheme for all.

          • Nitricc

            Hi AMDE: few points, So, does it mean TPLF had no reason to fight the Derg? Did TPLF ever gave the Derg a chance to work together? interesting.
            In your G-2; you are all wrong. Aba-dula never fought against the derg. he was captured defending Derg and he was a POW in Eritrea. Once TPLF changed their mind to loot Ethiopia they need some Amharic speakers and they got the likes of Bereket. on the same time, they need someone who speaks Oromo. they couldn’t find any Oromo welling to be puppet ,so, they opted to get Aba-dula from Eritrea. First they blinded him with a General rank, once he was intoxicated with the general thing then TPLF needed civilian to represent the Oromo people and they yanked the General ranking and they made him a civilian. I have never seen such a joke. He will die serving TPLF. they made him and they can simply eliminate him as well and he knows that.
            by the way, If your toothless Weyane is real for change, tell them to drop the article 39 for their constitution and most importantly stop displaying person’s ethnicity on every once ID card. learn from Rwanda.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam Nitricc
            Im my opinion tplf fought derg just like tewodros vs yohens or minilik vs yohenes kind of rivalry war. They r or were in a mindset of 100s years ago feudalism rivalry wearing a mask of revolutionary democracy . They never had ethiopia interest in thier mind which means they don’t really care about freedom of ethnicity or ethiopia in general.
            But let me say about bereket and aba dula, i think they(the likes of them) r the one who helped tplf to rule the country for the last 26 years without them there is no way tplf can rule ethiopia. Those people r the one who helped as a bridge between tplf and the people’s. By the way 3 years ago i heard bereket and addisu are the only high rank official walk in the street of some cities without any visible security gards.

          • Nitricc

            Hey Teodros: If I were an Ethiopian, I will not believe a word what the government is saying. Just yesterday there were three different reports on the so-called releasing prisoners and today the government is saying that the crossed eyed PM was misquoted and not every prisoner will be freed but some. They are fooling the fools and they desperate to buy time. One thing should worry every Ethiopia is the recycling of power by the old guards. They all say we are done and gone, retired and they do their thing behind the curtains. a politicians are like a used diaper, you can’t recycle them over and over. New blood is needed for political change and fresh start. Now, from what I hear most retired TPLF gungs are attending the gathering and they are trying to buy time. The old guards believe and know one thing; deceit to buy time and then use Force. you watch!

          • Haile S.

            Hi Nitricc,
            Happy New Year!
            You said – for ethiopia, new blood is needed for political change and fresh start. How about for our eritrea? Are we allergic to fresh blood and new start?

          • Natom Habom

            Selam haile
            Because Eritrea is victorious against all
            What more Eritrean need ,fake democracy or fake constutition
            TPLF is wounded it’s time is over ,it cannot redress itself again
            So much death , so much destruction and so much lies about economies
            Sandwiched between hostile Eritrea of the north and hostile Amhara Oromo
            From the south even GOD won’t save you .

          • Haile S.

            Selam Natom Zeyhb,
            You said “From the south even GOD won’t save you”. You? Is this a typo? Or are you kicking me away across the Mereb?
            When are we stopping to look at the TPLF mirror to beautify ourselves?

          • Nitricc

            Hey Haile: happy new-year to you too. Thanks! I have never compared Ethiopian politics to Eritrea’s. They are very different from each other, at least from where I see it. I say they are different system because how they set their game plan. For instance, TPLF’s game plan was entirely dependent of the idea “ESAT-Ena-Cheed” that is as long as the Oromo and the Amara are at odds, they system of TPLF is safe. But once that game plan is breached, and then the system came down tumbling. That is what exactly happened in Ethiopia. When Lemma Megersa crossed over to Amara and declared his alliance, all hell came lose for the TPLF system. Once they system cracked there is a good chance for young blood to get in and be the face of the new change. However, we can’t say the same thing about Eritrean politics. No one knows and identifies the face of the system. No one knows how it works. You can’t crack something if you don’t know how it works and how the system functions. This is a very reason why no opposition moved an inch in the last 20 years. I think at one point there were over 25 Eritrean opposition parties and today we can safelydeclare all nothing but dead. Why? Because no one knows how the system works, the very system the oppositions trying to overthrow. So, in Eritrea the situation
            is different and there is nothing can be done. The current system will run its course and then only then there will be a chance and the opportunity for the young blood to be the engine of change and the face of the fresh start. But this it does not mean the young should not be prepared mentally, physically and ethically to shoulder its responsibility when such time comes, till then let’s protect the nation.

          • Haile S.

            Hi Nitricc,
            You are explaining at length what is happening in eth. But instead of doing that, we should concentrate on er politics. Sinces you didn’t want to go there, you passed it over saying “”… No one knows and identifies the face of the system. No one knows how it works. You can’t crack something if you don’t know how it works and how the system functions.”” That is exactly why youngesters are leaving, the learned are not returning and the country is stumbling down. Progress depends from whixh angle you see it. Eritrea is not orogresding. The way eritrea is progressing is not in line wth how the world is progressing. We should take care of cracking our own egg instead of concentrating on cracking the neighbor’s egg. And you went further on the eritrean opposition to say “”This is a very reason why no opposition moved an inch in the last 20 years. I think at one point there were over 25 Eritrean opposition parties …”” You seem to be accusing them of not being able to crack the eritrean government system. That is exactly the problem. The system wants to be hermetic to its enemies and its opposition, and equally became hermetic to its people, because it doesn’t know how to distinguish between its people and its enemies. Its is just fishing large with a tight net not to miss anyone considers enemies and in doing that it is fishing its own people as well.

          • Nitricc

            Hey Haile. I just gave you my take and how I see things but it doesn’t mean I am right or my view is correct. However; you seem to omit my concluding remark; that is let the system run its course. The way the system is set, faceless, method less and no one knows the exact anatomy of the body. for this reason I said let it be and wait. it is not the government’s fault that the opposition failed to challenge and get rid of the current system. what is even more intriguing is why is so hard to crack open this government when you have the youth fleeing in doves out the country, when you have the so-called opposition getting all the help from Ethiopian, when the so-called international community isolates you when the UN slaps you with endless sanction but still the government and its system are well alive, why? why Haile?

          • Haile S.

            Selam Nitricc,
            “let the system run its course.” My initial reaction to you was in reply to that in the form of “why would you want the neighbour’s system to get shortened, while not wishing similar changes in Eritrea? … Please don’t forget the eritrean people, those who are facing hardship, those who cannot use the little money they have in the bank are ruled and under control of that system you want to run its course. By that time they will run their life course too!
            And to your “… but still the government and its system are well alive, why? why Haile?” Because the system is keeping the people hostage by playing its game as the sole guarantor of the country’s independence, in other words playing the game of its real enemies whom it accuses endeavoring to undo the country’s independence. The country’s independence can only be guaranteed when there is full participation of its people.
            It is boring to hear the regime complaining to be the victim of everybody. If someone thinks he is a victim of everybody, there is a high probability he is the victim of himself first.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam Nitricc
            They not fooling anyone . the pretends r the one acting like as if this is a big deal.
            Nothing is changed until a true democratic gov. Come to power.
            Tplf is in full of stress. They r in fight with people and they r in fight with their brige the likes of lemma .

          • Amde

            Selam Awatistas

            I was travelling for a while (partly in Ethio as it turned out) and so did not have the opportunity to respond to some of the comments. (Thank you all for the nice words just for posting an email on my part – but I truly see this place as a community)

            I wanted to respond to Kbrom’s rather lengthy response to me asking about various scenarios, and unfortunately his comment is still stuck in moderation and for whatever reason, that means it cannot be responded too.

            In any case, I do believe we are in a revolutionary season.

            1) TPLF is right now a zombie organization. This is not meant as an insult, but I find it a rather apt metaphor (and I am not a fan of zombie movies). It is not clear at all who is in charge, whether there is a coherent plan or even understanding of what the hell is going on. It is acting blind and mindless. But, the co-ercive institutions are working just find. The military is doing what militaries are designed to do. Hence a zombie – it is mindless but good about dealing death and destruction. Unleashing the Somali warlord on Oromos was probably the catalyst that solidified an OPDO virtual jump into the Unionist camp. Unleashing snipers on Timqet celebrants now has northern Wollo in flames. Only an institution completely devoid of political judgement would think any of these are wise decisions. In the final analysis, TPLF is now nothing but an institution that will protect the interests of a phenomenally wealthy nouveau-riche class. And that is it. Everything else is completely secondary. Their problem is their wealth is tied up in the rest of Ethiopia, hence the dilemma. Someday this would be an excellent PhD treatise on how a Marxist group morphed into a repressive capitalist class.

            2) Exercise of violence by Federal institutions (military, Federal police, Intelligence and what not) is paradoxically moving moral authority from the federal institutions to the regional (killil) ones. It has now become depressingly common for the regional presidents in Oromia and Amara regions to rush in to the latest towns where civilians were shot or mowed down, and loudly proclaim that these acts were done without their approval and say so, and that they condemn them and they will demand the perpetrators come to justice (and when they say perpetrators, they mean federal officers). Compare the screw-up of the promised release of Federal prisoners, to the straightforward release by the Oromiya president of Oromiya state prisoners.

            3) There is an unhealthy buildup of pressure of resentment of TPLF political monopoly and associated economic advantages accruing to those affiliated to them. Unfortunately, this is often articulated as resentment against the generic Tigrayan, whether really connected or not. Unleashing the dogs of war does not help the situation – at all.

            4) There was a televised “press conference” by the “big four” party bosses. It turned out to be a de facto debate. I don’t think EPRDF as an institution, or TPLF or the Prime Minister did themselves any favors. This is classic blunder from the communist pedigree that still infects EPRDF whereby the State is nothing and the Party is all. The Party is still all. The Party has imposed itself by force on society but spouts self-congratulatory platitudes about democracy. In any case, the consensus is the new Ethiopian political star Lemma Megersa came out smelling like roses.

            5) Events are truly being driven by Gen 4 youth. They believe and they feel they have put not just TPLF but the EPRDF order itself on retreat. Much as the TPLF and EPLF is filled with people who claim glory due to their fighting the Derg, there is a generation now of radicalized Oromo and Amara youth who are going to claim glory about their role in destroying the hated TPLF regime. And funny enough, the calls for “Law and Order” from the pro TPLF camp are getting louder and more shrill. That is how life is.

            6) I feel there definitely are external factors – but “external factors” is a constant in Ethiopian history. There will always be other actors ready to take opportunities on internal fissures. Blaming them is pointless.

            We are now in the third year and if one looks at the trendline, these flareups just seem to be getting more widespread. The response from the political bigwigs just reveals to the public that they are either clueless, or impotent or both. Funnily enough, I feel it is not really that hard to turn this ship around. That is my feeling – and I generally am an optimist about people. But it is not obvious to me yet anybody up in Arat Kilo has the willingness to try something/anything. The Gen 1 and Gen 2 Princelings around Arat Kilo are still fighting HaileSellasie and the Derg. Time for them to retire.

            Amde

          • Eyob Medhane

            Hi Amde,

            Pretty accurate assessment. Please get Saleh Younis out of hibernation and have him comment on this. Welcome back…

          • saay7

            Eyob:

            Amde is something else; he is so good at his analysis and so devoid of Ethiopianism (I mean that as a compliment), we should give him West African citizenship.

            He is not perfect, of course. He, like you, thinks this Lemma guy is dandy when he is of the most dangerous variety: a populist. Populists don’t know what they believe, they only believe what is trending in public opinion and their only gift is in being able to detect public opinion long before others. They have no gift in shaping it, nor are they aware how fickle it is (59% of Americans now view George W Bush favorably: Gallup poll of last week.)

            saay

          • Eyob Medhane

            Sal,

            Really? “Devoid of Ethiopianism” is a compliment? How dare you? No more Teddy Afro for you..

            Speaking of Teddy Afro, did you hear that he finally held his “የፍቅር ጉዞ” concert at Bahirdar? 80k people attended. Too bad he did not done your favorite Kibur Zebegna uniform. He finally got his interview aired on a state TV, albeit Amhara regional TV..

            About Lemma…eh…well..I feel the soon to be Prime Minister is a bit getting stale for me, when I start to see a full fledged hero worship of him from my people. There was a major magazine cover in Addis where he was depicted as Moses departing Red Sea…wait…could that be a metaphor that he’s coming for ya’al? Hummmm is that what it is..I withdrew my objection… 🙂

          • saay7

            Eyobay:

            I am glad you came to your senses on Lemma; in due time, you will come around to the realization that donning Janhoy uniform is not a smart move for Teddy. Besides, there is always Milly Wessy: in ምን ይገርማል, he sounds like him and doesn’t come with Teddy’s baggage. Link over the weekend.

            saay

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Gash Amde,

            I am one of those standby watchers about events in Ethiopia for reasons I need not repeat now – that we are small and neighboring nation that does not want to fall under the debris of an enormous edifice adjacent to us. Unity, peace and progress in Ethiopia are as much valuable to us as are to Ethiopians. Now, thus, I glad to have back with, which I believe, considered and abridged review of events as they stand now after your last input about the 4 generation scenario. What you have shared could be counted as an update and fascinating as well as a bit worrying, I must add. I say this because what is good for Ethiopia and the region is not resorting to forging alliances (Oromo-Amhara kilis vs Tigrai for instance). What is good and lasting is reliance on forging consensus through democratic processes. Let me hope, as others for sure do, awareness about the value of moderation and national solidarity would win the day against emotions and narrow stakes that by nature are more transient than permanent.

            To return back to your points, I think after playing dominant role and influence in the affairs of the Ethiopia for the past quarter of a century, it is not really difficult to comprehend the current vulnerability of the TPLP, given the duration of time, politics of demographics, undue benefits power generates and unfairness that accompanies distribution. The fact you have stated about the loosening of control and disarray in which the center of TPLF power has found itself and its resorting to use of the military and security apparatuses to sustain control are features that inform dwindling power structures built on strict centralization propped by advantages state monopoly of tools of control provides. What is playing out now seems to be ill-considered heavy handed use of those tools such as the army and the security forces on the Federal level. The danger of such policies would generate back lashes rather than curbing or calming the fluid conditions. It cannot gainsaid that control and alienation would not solve core matters pertaining to equitable distribution of power and resources in crises generates by consummation of, let me say, exercising power in governance condition that accrued legitimacy by virtue of gains attained by revolutionary process of transition from previous (Derg) rule to EPRDF coalition ethnic federalism. The economic and social changes Ethiopia has undergone, irrespective of qualitative and quantitative values that may inform them, has brought the country to the threshold where transformative are politics are playing to move the country to a nation-state phase whose management and governing should be legitimized by national constitutions. In other words, revolutionary legitimacy moving out to make space for constitutional legitimacy.

            At this point I am alluding to the fact you have mentioned about the Oromo-Somali events, and recently the Qobo and Weldia flare ups and ramifications they triggered to rally the OPDO to improve internal unity and give positive wink to unionism to sort of mend relations with Amhara regional authorities though you have astutely qualifyed the situation being apparent (virtual) than real alliance because for the OPDO and other Oromo factions, and personalities such as Dr. Merera Guidina, may not advocate return to unitary centralized system of governance order in place of overhauled federal system. In this connection the picture would have been clearer if we would know what other stakeholders such as the elites forces that represent the fourth partner of the EPRDF coalition are doing and saying. I think in fair and peaceful democratic process free from compulsion of any sort, the role and say of citizens of twenty million inhabitants and other minorities such as Somalis and Afars and many more perhaps would a factor to ignore unless the big nationalities would conspire and forge alliances to dominate the state organs and impose their will on the whole country. I think the emerging stars politician such Lemma Megersa will be very much aware of this.

            In the case of external factors and interferences, I do not think Ethiopia is at the moment a clientele state as it used to be in the past. It has emerged in the last twenty years as an important regional power due to economic steps it has achieved and the sheer size that qualify it as substantial market. As far as internal matters are concerned, I do not think any power would be in position to bully it unless the politicians and elites fail to shoulder responsibility and allow the situation to slide to chaos and dispersal as the elites in Somalia and some other countries did. The Ethiopians should bet on growth and maturity nourished by objective and concrete realities the past decades have unmistakably registered. Nostalgia for and emotions-feed hankering to legacy of centralism anchored on “Etiopiawinet” with credentials imperial rule had imposed would not serve the unity and future peace of the country. I would imagine the third and fourth generation of Ethiopians would not fail to understand this because their stakes focus on transformation and economic gains rather than on emotional attachment to past legacies. By the way, Amde, I would have liked to read about where the third and fourth generation Tigrians fit. I mean to say that whether there is across the board solidarity that encompass them all.

            With many thanks for sharing with us you observation during your travelling sojourn.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Ismail AA,

            when I was away for some days, I think you have been sick,,I wish I was around and welcome you, I really miss the chance..anyhow I think it is not late now even..

            specially now you are still active and I want to say thank you,.

            KS,,

          • Ismail AA

            Dear Kokhob Selam,
            Thank you so much; I really appreciate your concern about my health. It’s a token that humanly exhibit good-heartedness of a person. You are a towering example of strong spirit and soul among us. Thanks again.

    • Kbrom

      Hi Horizon

      ………In the meantime the champion of imprisonment without due process, aka PFDJ ‘heralded’ the new year by more arrests. The right hand man of Teckle Manjus and commander of the 61st division, Colonel Bereket, the owner of Bar Bereket Mr Binyam, and the former personal secretary of General Sibhat Efrem Lt. Colonel Zeferu Weldegebriel have been thrown to jail on Christmas day. Adi abeto (prison) with the capacity of 300 is now crowded by more than 3000 prisoners 1700 of them in just two containers knows as INDA KEZ meant those with case, which by implications admits that the other 1300 do not have any case even by the illegal standards of the jailers and torturers.

      ኣምላኽ ንኤርትራ መዋጽኦ ንዓመጽቲ ድማ መዓልቱ ፍርዲ ይፍጠር!

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Kibrom,

        Pls keep up the flow of the info from your sources. Do not listen to the “show us the proof” and the “tell us your source” of your statistics. They are doing so, knowing that if you expose your source, they will act upon them.

        Regards

        • Nitricc

          Hi Aman-H: Sometimes I wonder how you function. Since when is wrong to ask for a source, clarification and proof of authenticity. In your mind, as long as you like the news item, the truth and the source of the news doesn’t matter, right? No wonder your so-called opposition can’t move in inch in 20 years. You should have advised for people to challenge for proof, clarity and validity of their take. I was the first one to ask for sources in to Kbrom’s take on the UAE’s lease thing. Whenever I read, some say 50years deal, some say 30 years deal, some say 20 years deal and 10 years deal was the first time I hared it from Kbrom. Accordingly asked for source. I asked Kbrom because he sounded credible. I read from Haile-S post that Kbrom has responded to me but I can’t find it. But I am very confident, Kbrom didn’t mind my asking him for sources. I am amazed by your negligence to the truth and the importance of the quality of information.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Nitrickay,

            Sources from inside can not be exposed. And you know the reason. ርእስኻ አስረሐዮ ኒትሪካይ:: አይትዋረዘ ተማሃር ጥራይ:: አብሪእሲኡ ኸአ ነቲ መልሲ ክብሮም ዝሃበኒ’ሞ ምልስ ኢልካ አንብቦ: ነተሐሳስባኻ ንምስትኽኻል ክሕግዘካ እዩ::

          • Nitricc

            Hi Aman-H: let me ask you this. I read 50 years deal for Assab. I also read 30 years deal, and off course a 20 years deal and now Kbrom is telling me it is a 10 years deal. Who should I believe?. what is wrong to ask for authenticity of the reported news. I didn’t ask the name of the source, I just ask for a source, there is a difference. Like I have said, because a piece of news Aman-H agrees with and likes it, it doesn’t mean it is true. the news It doesn’t not affect one way the other, I just wanted to know the length of the deal, if in fact there is a deal all together.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Nitrickay,

            You don’t have to agree. You get three different source I don’t. Second if you get three sources, it is up to you to scrutinize your own way. But it the source is from inside Eritrea be sure you will not be informed the sources.

          • Thomas

            Hi Nitricc,
            Yes, you are sure the boss you adore will always make sure information is not shared. When there is absolutely no window whatsoever to get any information out of the mafias hidings, you will think your master is well protected. However, I wanted you to know that there are so many of innocent citizens made to disappear, imprisoned for life, tortured and lots of other brutalities. These is well documented and so they can run but cannot hide. It will only be a matter of time, stupid nitricc. Amma gets first hand information on what is going because he is a citizen and it is his people who are being abused by the criminals. We all are victims of the system you are trying to defend. It is my brothers and sisters who are going to jails and getting disappeared by the bunch of mafias you are worshiping.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Thomas; how is your wife doing? speaking of information, I know the internet and phones being slow in Ethiopia, hung in there. better days are coming. Dumb.

          • Kbrom

            Hi Nitricc,

            I sent you this three days ago Nitriccay

            Thank you for seeking clarification. Yo are one of the people who inspired me to participate in this forum; I really appreciate you for standing firm in what you believe.

            Having said that ንኺድ ዶ ሞ!

            Re: who is your resources. For such a kind of information, naturally the sources are internal, which for obvious reasons is difficult to include him/her in the text. Had we had a constitutional and elected government with the three plus one systemic pillars that do the check and balance (legislative, executive and judiciary + independent media), we would not be in such a hunt of source and evidence). BTW, I noticed that PIA is also so obsessed with the phrase ‘where is the evidence’ whilst he feels absolutely comfortable imprisoning tens of thousands with out the slightest evidence of what he accuses them – including the G-15.

            Nitric, track records and trends say a lot with such kinda of unaccountable governments. Just remember when we said UAE is in Assab in 2016 ’the supporters’ brazenly assaulted us for disseminating information from unknown sources ‘ክቡር ፕረዚደንትና ከምዝበሎ እዛ ምድረ ስዉኣት ኤርትራ ናይ ዝኾነ ይኹን ወገን መዓስከር ኣይትኸውንን ኢያ’ however, soon they realised that both the land and its martyrs were sold together.

            By the way, it was not only the supporters who did not see it coming, even for PIA, the development was so fluid. On 29 March 2016 the president issued a statement which states that Eritrea ‘is not fancy with alliances and he does not support the alliance formed by Saudi Arabia’. Then a blessing in disguise changed the regional political landscape: Djibouti due to the childish bahaviour of its minister for foreign affairs (some times he acts like PFDJ officials) lost UAE.

            PIA was picked by the angry buyer, UAE, hence invited (or to be politically correct summoned) to Riyadh one month after its ‘we are not for sale’ bravado – on 29 April 2016. For your information he was not invited by the palace but by the Saudi intelligence institutions on behalf of UAE through the now Crown Prince Mohammed ( who is also a close and personal friend of the Amir of UAE.

            What did the supporters, who were asking us for evidence, said when the ንዝኾነ ወገን ዘይጸዓድ ሰብኣይ succumbed to the 500 million dollar + 5 years petrol supply in return of port of Assab and sending one battalion to guard president Alhadi’s palace?

            This is what the supporters that I know said: ‘ኣየ ብልሒ ኣደስ ወሊዳ ትምከን: እዚ ስንክሳር ውድብና ገለ እንዲዩ፡ ነዛ ዓለም ኣጸሊልዋ ፡መዓስከር ኣይነፍቅድን እንዳበለ ኢማራት ደበኽ , ንቐጠር ድማ ኩምትር: እንቋዕ ናይዚ መንግስቲ ኮንና, not even knowing that the government is not theirs.

            Yes, track records and trends say a lot Nitricc. The demotion of General Sbhat, the expulsion of Eritrean Higher Education Executive Officer, The appointment of Brigadier General Haile Mehtsun instead, the closure of R&D in Halal College, the recent new engagement with USA (more to come), the demonstration of 31st November by students, even the tragedy of Lampedusa (aka ዘይሕጋውያን ኣፍሪቃውያን ስደተኛታት) are some of the events which the independent sources informed us and not the Government of Eritrea.

            I think the government will continue to stifle the information, as with all autocratic regimes, not surprisingly, desperate people would seek information, clandestine networks will continue to disseminate information and those who believe independent information comes only from the government who is neither independent nor tolerant to independent information will call for sources revelation. I am afraid that would be a vicious circle.

            In Eritrea people think by mistake that what is missing is only freedom of speech, but what is not there is also freedom of listening, freedom of memorising, even freedom of thinking .

            We said there was a bloody war with Djibouti, however, since the supporters do not have the freedom of listing to any sources other than the prescribed ‘ኣዚዩ ዘዕግብ ሰሚናር
            ብዛዕባ ህልው ዞባውን ኣህጉራዊን ጉዳያት ብላዕለዎት ሓለፍቲ መንግስትን ግንባርን’ where they agree on ‘ተጻብኦታት ኣላሽ ኣቢልና ኣብ ናይ ምሕንባብ መድረኽ ኣሎና’, they told us this is a fabrication of Weyane regime and challenged us for the source, however, when we were in a state of tension with his supporters of GOE, the PIA admitted that there was a war WITH Djibouti and that he handed over the POW to Qatar.

            Then what happened? Did you express your anger for not being informed, even in a matter of war and peace that claimed Eritrean lives, did you call to have an elected government with accountability or you created another ’show me your evidence’ saga.

            Yes, what some supporters did is the later, this time a kinda of ‘how do you know there was a war, what our visionary President said was, here are the prisoners of WAR, but did not say there was a war’. The sad fact is that Eritrea has also its POW languishing there in the refugee camps betrayed by the very government who has thrown them into the fire that he was playing with.

            Now it is my turn to ask you dear Nitric, if you may allow me:

            You mentioned ‘independent source’ who is independent for you? what factors should one fulfill to be considered an independent source, why do you think we do not have an independent source in Eritrea?
            What do you know about the propaganda machine called 03 including the proxies who are compensated and contacted via Dark- Web (a parallel closed off internet) to manufacture, false stories and spread customised misinformation using different accounts

            Why do you think we are in a state of desperate search of information, even the basic information that takes place in broad-light, such as the recent closure of more than 300 small businesses owned by the private sector? what do you see the solution?

            Who decides in Eritrea the matters of national security, including but not limited to the following questions:

            Who decides whether Assab should be leased to UAE or not, what is the legislative procedure?

            Can PIA send our youth to the war in Yemen in the name of the so called alliance of islamic countries without the consent of its people and due legislative procedure?

            should we pay our beloved young generation’s blood in another country just because one man feels doing it?

            should the Eritrean people have their say? if yes through which institutions?

            Final thought: a child came to his dad and told him ‘dad I have a class homework which is a bit hard for me to answer: our teacher asked us to define the difference between trust and truth to which he answered as follows: (actually, I know the father who is a Tegadalay) let me put it in Tigrigna not spoil its spirit in the translation: ቢንያም ወደይ ሓቅን እምነትን ቁሩብ ፍልልይ ኣለዎም: ብኣብነት ከረዳእካ ይሓይሽ፡ ሕጂ እንታይ ይመስለካ ቢንያም ወደይ: ወይኒ ኣዴኻ ኢያ፡ እዚ ሓቂ ኢዩ: ትሕዘኒ ዶ ኣሎኻ ቢኒ ወደይ: ኣነ ድማ ኣቦኻ ኢየ – እዚ ኸኣ እምነት ይበሃል በሎ።

            Moral: you can not ask your wife for DNA every time she gives birth:ከምቲ ቅዱሳት መጻሕፍቲ ዝብልዎ እመን እሞ ኪገሃደልካዩ ንትርክ ወደይ?ሓወይ?ሓፍተይ?ጓለይ? ደለኻ ኹን ወዮ መልእኽተይ ጥራይ ብሰላም ይብጻሕካ ንስኻ ድማ ደሓን ሃልው።

        • Kbrom

          Oh no! no way to listen them, ኣናፍራ ህግደፍ ዘይፈልጥሲ ኣይደላይ ፍትሕን፥ i know what they are up to the moment they click their first button emma hawey. ነዓይ ንኣንጭዋስ ናብ ሎቖታ will suffice.

          • Haile S.

            Kbrom,
            ሎቖታ ኢልካ ዋህዮ ደርፊ ኣዘኪርካኒ።
            ዋህዮ ዋህዮ፡ ዋህዮ ዋህዮ
            ኣፋናጫል ውድብ ዘይትሓድግዮ።

    • Binieam

      Hello Horizon

      Aren’t most of them arrested for supporting or having connection to outlawed groups? If that is the case, its more of a pragmatic move by EPRDF. In this protest video I was surprised with how openly protesters paraded the banned OLF flags, but also lead me to question about their agenda.
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2saKmwn3DKM

      • Nitricc

        Hey Binieam: Everything TPLF does is fake and this one is very dangerous. As we hear Lemma Megrsa is in trouble. So far he is holding his ground while Aba-Dula gave in to the threat, harassment and pressure. I know TPLF might think this releasing prisoners’ as thinks to cool off but when you release prisoners who witnessed their inmates burned alive and get shoot at trying to scape the blaze, just like what happened in Qilinto prison, I think releasing the prisoners makes things worst. No doubt TPLF is in trouble and going down but to release prisoners in a moment of weakness and desperation only makes the problem bigger and complex. However, the question remains why the government didn’t include the release of the prisoners on their party press briefing? I am seeing a game plan being hatched.

      • Selam Binieam,

        After so many years outlawing political groups, labeling journalists and political leaders as terrorists under the infamous anti-terrorism law, and the use of excessive force to restrain demonstrations, it seems that the government has finally come to understand that confrontation is not helping it at all, and it must allow the people to express their complaints in a peaceful way, and it must have ears to listen, and the courage to solve their grievances. Filling prisons with bogus accusations is creating rift and not harmony, and in the long run it will even undo all the economic achievements.

        As A.H. has put it correctly, this is not weakness, but good will from the side of the ethiopian government, and the opposition should use it to force the government to adapt more change towards democracy, equality and economic prosperity for all, and of course, the opposition should also change itself. I hope the opposition will exploit this chance to solidify its presence in the ethiopian political scene.

    • Fanti Ghana

      Selam Horizon & Binieam,

      This is good news indeed. There are encouraging signs in the process of strengthening civic associations in Ethiopia. The opening event in April 2017 which included government reps, oppositions, non-affiliated civil organization leaders, intellectual groups, and observers was very well received by all participants.

      These and similar civic associations are what will eventually become pillars of our democracy. With well informed civic associations and even political organizations, most loopholes that allow the government or individuals in the government to arrest anyone under whatever guise will be minimized and the need for violent action to express grievances will also be reduced.

      It will be very interesting year to say the least.

  • Tom

    [from the miderator: usually we delete vulgar comments but since you are not ashamed of walking naked, we made an exception and let it pass by xing one vulgar word. Your second comment is worse and we deleted. One comment from you is already too much. Ignorance is a bliss—enjoy it]

    Awate.com why do you guys have to lie every time don’t you have to do anything you guys are not represent to Eritrean people you guys are sick of religios staff
    Don’t expect to have sheria low in eritrea fxxx your dream

  • Senay

    Remember you logo, INFORM, INSPIRE, EMBOLDEN and most of all RECONCILE. I think you should applied sometimes. Just a thought.

    • Dear Senay,
      We are assuming your comment is directed to the Awate Team.

      As vague as your comment is, we would like to state the following:

      Inform: we have been doing that relentlessly for many years.

      Inspire and Embolden: we do not have much to say, but we believe our score can best be articulated by those who have been following us, including you.

      Reconcile: this is tricky. We have been promoting inter-Eritrean and neighborly reconciliation from the day we started. We are still pursuing that goal and will continue to do so. However, many people perceive reconciliation with the perpetrators of injustice.

      That we thought was achievable for the first few years. But then, we divorced our naivete and realized that reconciling with a perpetrator of injustice is not possible–striving to defeat is the right thing to do.

      We hope that satisfies your perception or ameliorates your worries

      Thank you

      • Desbele

        Thank you team Awate for your relentless effort in pursuing your vision. I hope you would do more in driving this brilliant statement :”reconciling with a perpetrator of injustice is not possible–striving to defeat is the right thing to do”
        Happy New Year and best wishes for 2018 !

      • Senay

        I agree “Reconciliation” can be difficult to preach but at the sametime it shouldn’t stopped you from pursuing it tirelessly. I appreciate your honesty in coinciding that you don’t think reconciliation can be achieved and I understand your frustration. When there is huge gap in the thought between the so called diaspora opposition and supporters. And it is creating a mistrust, suspicion and resentfulness between the two groups. And your website I feel, is not helping to narrow this gap.
        Everytime I engage in political discussion with my follow Eritrean citizens from both sides, I feel there is a rigidness, a resistance to compromise.
        I really think your website can be a platform to be a base of reason, rationality, compromise, and more importantly promote the goodness of Eritrea. Instead of a tabloid.
        I recently visited Eritrea and there is lots of positives to report.
        Nevertheless, I follow your website closely and enjoy the articles.

        • Beyan

          Dear Senay,

          I don’t think any Eritrean worth his/her salt would have an issue about having any kind of dialogue with anyone who has a vested interest of the people of Eritrea and the country as a whole, be it those who support the current system in place or those who vehemently oppose it. When a discourse begins with what’s best for Eritreans and Eritrea as whole as its premise, there might be a good chance for reconciling differences or narrowing the gaps, as it were. But when someone is claiming that Eritrea is on the right path, but, truth be told, it is not, then, where does one even begin.

          Senay, since you are bringing the idea of reconciliation as a starting point, which I am personally for it; and since you just stated that you came back from Eritrea and you are claiming “… there is lots of positives to report.” Three things will need to happen for this to have a chance of materializing: (1) Give us your objective report, the good, the bad, and the ugly, if you will; (2) come up with some ideas, even if bullet points, that can lead the two opposing camps to come together to discuss issues; (3) this is very minor, if you feel you are up to the task of spearheading reconciliation process, which I applaud you for, but please find a way of reconciling yourself to this: Start your note with greetings…it is a simple modicum of respecting your peers, your colleagues, your brothers and sisters…and it is an Eritrean thing to do. Selam, merHaba, Dear, etc., any of these will do. Hate to lose you for violating a simple rule when you may have far more important ideas that you can potentially contribute, such as advancing reconciliation between and among Eritreans.

          Cheers,
          Beyan

      • charlotte observer

        “Inspire and Embolden: we do not have much to say….” Indeed lol

        “…but we believe our score can best be articulated by those who have been following us, including you..” so you base your ability to inspire and embolden by ‘keeping score’ or counting your followers (as if all of your followers are sympathetic to your messaging)?

        I’m new to this website but I can quickly see the petty superficial nature of “Team Awate”. It’s good to know there is a place compiling the word salad of anti-Eritreans. Sometimes it’s nice to have a chuckle at the expense of self-serving fools and loudmouths.

      • Hope

        The Awate Team:
        Here is my challenge to U:
        Why have we failed FIRST and foremost as an Opposition Umbrella to reconcile among ourselves so as to act constructively and in UNITY against a single enemy?