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Eritrea And The Hood – 2015


1. Every year begins with Eritrea’s President Isaias Afwerki’s “State of the Nation” interviews with his own media.  Although we have a draft constitution, he explained, a new constitution had to be drafted because “we are not naive and we refuse to allow them to weaken our capacity.”

2. It Was Lecture Season: Eritrea’s Minister of Education lectured on how schools should be designed; the Minister of Finance lectured about the importance of audits (in a country with no budgets); the Police Commissioner lectured the people on how to prevent crime (because Government abduction of people is obviously not a crime.)

3. Yemane Gebreab, political director of Eritrea’s ruling party which hasn’t practiced democracy since its foundation, hosted an international youth symposium where he lectured them on the importance of democracy, and how they could learn from the Eritrean experience in fighting neo-colonialism.  Go forth and democratize.

4. Maulid Al-Nebi (Birthday of the Prophet) was celebrated with the Eritrean Mufti giving the usual address: not a single religious citation; 100% nationalistic message.  Its like there is a verse in the Quran or Hadith that the PFDJ should rule Eritrea.

5. Starting a business; dealing with construction permits; electricity; registering property;getting credit; protecting minority interests; paying taxes; trading across borders; enforcing contracts; insolvency issues.  All of these are factors used to calculate Ease of Doing Business. And in 2014, Eritrea ranked last in the world. Dead last.

6. BBC reported that it costs more money to buy Coke than a grenade in Central African Republic. This is why “armed struggle” now means something completely different from the 1960s and 1970s.

7. Six Eritrean journalists were released from jail. Months later, Eritrea’s latest Mzungu, Atlantic Council’s Brownyn Bruton, would point to it as a sign of “quiet” reform in Eritrea, without asking what happened to the dozens of journalists still languishing in jail for over 14 years, or the dozens who have been exiled.

8. In that huge country south of Eritrea, the hostility to journalists is just as bad, and it gets worse in election years when the Ethiopian government is aiming for its patented meto-be-meto (100%) votes to dominate political life in Ethiopia, as Human Right Watch documented in an interview with exiled Ethiopian journalists.

9. The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, relying on a report by World Bank’s Inspection Panel, reports that Ethiopia had received $2 billion in World Bank funding for the prior decade which was “to support a massive forced relocation program” of the “Anuak people in Ethiopia’s Gambela” and that Ethiopian “soldiers beat, raped and killed Anuak” and that the World Bank continued to fund the “education initiative” and maintain “operational link” of this “villagization” campaign.

10. Yemen’s parliament postponed decision on whether to discuss the resignation of President AbduRobbo Hadi, as the Houthi rebels maintained control of the capital, Sana’a, and expanded to other parts of Yemen.

11. A 79 year old man took power from his 90 year old brother in Saudi Arabia. The entire West took a break from its lecture on human rights and democracy to fly to Saudi Arabia and to kiss the ring of the new king.  President Isaias Afwerki, who had not paid his condolences to the hundreds of Eritreans who perished in Lampedusa, nor the 3 generals who died en route to Nakfa, made sure to pay tribute to the king.

12. Eritrea graduated 57 medical doctors and dentists bringing the total of its MD graduates to 300.   It is estimated that over 60% have left the country.

13. The president of The Gambia added something to his title “His Excellency Sheikh Professor Alhaji Dr. Yahya A.J.J. Jammeh, president of the Republic of The Gambia and Commander-in-Chief of the Gambia Armed Forces.” Later in the year, he changed the name of his country to the “Islamic Republic of The Gambia” which must have panicked Eritrean Mzungu Herman Cohen who is anticipating Sharia Law in The Gambia now and wishes that Senegal had taken his advice in the 1970s and annexed The Gambia (actual advice, as per his own book.)

14. Egypt and Ethiopia got closer to sanity despite the very large stupid constituency in each country, which actually contemplates war. Very few things in life are crystal clear but one of them has to be that a poor country like Ethiopia has the right to use water that originates in its own country to improve the livelihood of its own people. Strongman coup engineer Sisi, who replaced hapless Morsi, announced he would visit Ethiopia.

15. The Vatican announced: “The Holy Father, Pope Francis has erected a new Diocese in Ethiopia which will be known as the Diocese of Bahir Dar – Dessie. In another development, Pope Francis has also erected the Metropolitan Church of Asmara in Eritrea.” When Eritreans read this, they asked, “I wonder whatever happened to the Catholic religious leaders who had penned the powerful ‘Where Is Your Brother?’” but then everybody shrugged and changed the Remote Control of Life.

16. Meanwhile, all over the world, exiled Eritreans, organized by a network of Eritrean rights activists, were telling the Human Rights Council’s (HRC) Commission of Inquiry on Eritrea (CoIE) horror stories about the crimes committed by the Government of Eritrea, something that would crescendo in June 2015.

filthy-isaias17. Eritrean politics is basically a contest between the Hyper Nationalist Party (Isaias’s Party, formerly EPLF) and the Justice League Party (our opposition) and victories are counted not by polls or elections but by head counts on who shows up to events organized simultaneously.   In late January, there was such a contest in Las Vegas, Nevada. The legendary artist Wedi Tkul, now a conscripted part of the HNP, who once asked: ዓማጺና ምስ ተፈርደ: ደበናና ምስ ነጎደ: እንታይ እዩ ህዝበይ ናትካ ግደ?   got his answer: His concert was attended by 65 people and that of the justice league by hundreds, according to a reportage by

18. 90-year old Robert Mugabe was elected chairman of the African Union, providing a year long entertainment of falling, sleeping, and insulting the West.


19. Every year in February, “Operation Fenkel” is celebrated to commemorate the liberation of Massawa in February 1990. And every year,the government comes up with accidentally incoherent, ironic themes. For 2015, the theme chosen was that Operation Fenkel was “harbinger of total liberation”, which would be breaking news to the hundreds of thousands of young Eritreans forcibly conscripted and wasting away their productive years as their political leaders, year after year, fail to find a political solution to a political problem. The president gave his usual, “our ambitions are not met; nonetheless, our shortcoming motivates us to do more” speech.

20. The Confucius Institute, invited in Eritrea to promote Mandarin, held its annual festival in Eritrea.  Really.

21. In response to Zimbabwe’s president (Robert Mugabe, who is 91 years old and has ruled his country with an iron fist since 1980, while sleeping at meetings and falling on stairs) election as Chairman of the African Union, his Zanu-PF party said that it indicates that “Africa completely and absolutely adores President Robert Mugabe.”

22. In very-much-related-news, a report by the UN and AU disclosed that Africa is losing $60 billion every single year because multinational companies don’t pay the taxes they are supposed to. Africa, said African leaders, need to make this a priority at the next AU meeting and at the UN meeting in Ethiopia.   Eritrea’s head of state, Isaias Afwerki, was too busy building a micro-dam to articulate Eritrea’s position, but we are getting ahead of ourselves here.

23. The antagonists of South Sudan, President Salva Kiir and Rebel Riek Machar, signed a ceasefire agreement, without explaining how this will be different from the previous six they signed and ignored. But the two, and everyone around them was smiling, so this will stick. Sure, there are 20 armed groups they don’t control but did I mention they had BIG SMILES?

24. Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), the nucleus of Ethiopia’s government, celebrated its 40th anniversary.  The soul-searching of how this hasn’t translated into the desired progress for Tigray would await the post-election congress.

25. OATUUAfrica, the black sheep of African labor unions, came to Eritrea and got a lecture from President Isaias Afwerki. He, the uni-polar dictator of Eritrea who doesn’t allow independent civil society to exist, spoke about the dangers of uni-polar world. OATUUAfrica was very impressed with government of Eritrea, according to Government of Eritrea-owned media, the only one allowed to cover the event.

26. February was another “wikileak” month; this time it was “spy cables.” Nothing interesting was revealed about Eritrea, but about its neighbors: Isaias Afwerki’s BFF (Omar Al Bashir) was going to assassinate AU Commissioner in Addis Abeba, Ethiopia; and, the South African intelligence did not have any faith in Ethiopia’s security system. Then, they all held hands and sang kumbaya: it was all a misunderstanding, don’t you know.

27. Speaking of leaks, when the Sony Documents leaks came out, there was nothing interesting about Eritrea, other than that it was one in a long list of African countries that doesn’t give a raat’s arse about copyright infringements. Nor was there a definitive answer as to who was the multi-millionaire ($699 million to be exact) Eritrean that “Swiss Leaks” disclosed a year earlier.

28. Barack Obama decided to partially lift sanctions on Sudan.  Understandably, Darfur rebel leader Minni Minnawi did not understand how a government that has exiled 50,000 Darfuris in two months was getting rewarded.

29. One of Somalia’s best known scholars, Prof Said Samatar died. Condolences to his beloved.

30. IGAD Parliamentary meeting was held in February — it was not attended by Eritrea. IGAD kept hosting, “final, this time we really mean it” mediation talks between South Sudan antagonists that dragged out until the end of the year under the hapless leadership of TPLF co-founding father Seyoum.

31. BBC interviewed Eritrean CHILDREN migrating and, let’s all now say it in unison: (a) they are not Eritreans; (b) they were smuggled by the US; (c) they are economic migrants; (d) there is nothing to see here: go away.  We will need this answer for every report about Eritrean exodus so memorize it.

32.  In Yemen, people of Aden called for secession and are disappointed President Hadi, who was chased from Sana’a by the Houthis, didn’t embrace their separatism.

33. Ethiopian exiled opposition media, ESAT, sent to Eritrea two reporters who don’t speak Tigrinya to interview the Eritrean president who is not comfortable speaking Amharic.   The video is now used at Guantanemo to torture prisoners.

freselam34. Because, years earlier, an Eritrean artist (Freselam Mussie, now exiled) had been arrested for waving the Ethiopian flag at a concert, there was concern that similar fate awaited Eritrean cyclists for standing next to Ethiopian cyclists. But the prisons were overflowing and the cyclists were just interrogated.

35. Eritrean government website continued on its tradition of Queen of Incoherence which has made it the butt of jokes of Western journalists for prose like: “The participants of the Conference conducted discussion on reports accomplishment presented on the occasion elected a managing Committee.” The government has able talent in the Diaspora it can tap into but that would set a dangerous precedent of breaking the wall between the ruling class (EPLF veterans) and the “civilians” called “Gebar” (literally, a serf.) So, incoherence shall continue.

36. There was also the Eritrean soldier who was buried “with great zeal” and of course the Fenkel torch which “accords warm welcome upon arrival in Massawa.” I can’t make this stuff up:

37. Citing threat of funding terrorism, the Obama Administration made remittances to Somalia so hard that Somalis initiated a #IFundFoodNotTerror. Inspired, the Diaspora Fans of Authoritarianism in Eritrea considered #IFundVacationHomeNotTerror, but decided instead to use #ThePeopleAndTheGovernmentOfEritrea instead.

38. Isaias Afwerki Address At Fenkel: Shorter version:  Stuff that was supposed to happen didn’t happen because stuff that wasn’t supposed to happen happened.  But we covered that in #19 above, didn’t we?

39. Long before Mzungu Herman Cohen outlined a proposal for a sustainable Eritrea-Ethiopia peace using a term (“Abyssinia”) whose retirement Emperor Haile Selasse considered critical to modernizing his country, Africa’s own Niyi Aderibigbe had made a more sober proposal but, hey, he is not white and therefore not an Africa expert and he was ignored.

40. How do you say “TwgaHmo!” in Kunama? Fanakowa geriso etetaso, Hakowa Uya lesumala katowana’. (Whatever the case, daybreak will bring things to light). That was the intro to an article penned by Yona Germano Nati, an homage to his father, Germano Nati, who has been made to disappear by the Government of Eritrea since 2001.

41. In technology, Eritrea is left way behind. It is ok: it’s not one of the MDGs.


42. Why are up to 7% of Eritrea’s population exiled? Mike Smith, chairman of the Commission of Inquiry on Eritrea (CoIE) explains; journalist Salem Solomon provides the context in this video. 

43. Authorities in Israel found a loophole: Israel can deport Eritreans (more details in #74 below), against their will, to “a third country that is not their native country.” 

44. For those who still don’t understand why Ethiopia will fight any war and go to any lengths to maintain the Ogaden Basen, AP reported that the area has “deposits of 4.7 trillion cubic feet of gas and 13.6 million barrels of associated liquids.”

ambassador-yousif-ismael-bari-bari45. The murderous Al Shabab murdered Somali diplomat and Friend of Eritrea Yusuf Bari Bari.

46. Sudan joined the “Coalition of Billing Saudi Arabia.”   A billion or two were thrown its way for abandoning Iran, their “strategic partner,” in favor of Saudi Arabia.

47.  The 14th National Book Fair was held in Eritrea. None of the books were about using coherent themes, so went, as usual, for incoherence and chose: “Book Clubs: Threshold for Bright Future” which makes no sense in any of the world’s known languages.  They should write a book about shabait’s incoherence for next book club.

48. In commemoration of International Women’s Day, the National Union of Eritrean Women demanded that the male-dominated government and military stop abusing girls and women; release all female political prisoners and… no, of course it didn’t.  It talked about how women were 30% of Eritrea’s fighters during the armed struggle.

49. The government heavily-promoted importation of colorful heavy machinery, buses and trucks heading to Western Eritrea.  These trucks, trailers, tractors have never been seen hauling harvest.  So it is likely they are just on transit to Sudan to be sold for cash and the pictures are just for public relations consumption purposes.

50. The head of Sudan’s Islamic Fiqh Academy (IFA) walked in with his left foot to show how little he thinks of the Sudanese Union for Singing and Music (SUSM). He had to apologize, as did the head of State when SUSM protested.   Imagine that happening anywhere in authoritarian East Africa.

adi-keyih51. Over at Adi Keyih, Eritrea, the Government of Eritrea demolished homes.  They just didn’t look all that UNESCO Heritage eligible.  Actually, the government explained why, indirectly: answer to follow. (# 223 if you are impatient.)

52. The two-year vacant post at the Ministry of Information for Minister of Information was finally filled.(That of Minister of Defense is still vacant.)   It took forever to fill the post because the qualifications demanded—of somebody who is arguably one of the most well-educated, according to, the stenographers of the two Yemanes—were a bit high.

53. The arguably-one-of-the-most-well-educated Ministers invited the BBC to “come and see” and the reporter reported a series: “Inside the secretive state of Eritrea” and “Why Eritrea bans private media”. After reporting that she couldn’t find a single Eritrean to be interviewed on the record, she actually videotaped Eritrean security officials guarding a shipping container and telling the translator to stick to telling stores about “heroism, development, blah blah.”  Dutifully, the translator then said, “oh look, old train” and changed the subject.

54. The US closed its embassy in Sana’a, but only after posting a “lost” poster: 500 million worth of “small arms, ammunition, night-vision goggles, patrol boats, vehicles and other supplies” donated to the government of Yemen. It was not a HUGE crisis, though, because the American president’s last name is not Bush.

55. Writing for “War Is Boring”, Robert Beckhusen reported that Ethiopia spends relatively little on its military—0.8% of it budget—but has a fearsome army. This is because (a) it produces some of its weapons and (b) it emphasizes troop training and (c) performs what Human Rights Watch called “Shell Shocked: Civilians Under Siege in Somalia”: war crimes.

56. The Mo Ibrahim Index was released. It said Africa is in bad shape; East Africa is worst in Africa; and Eritrea is at bottom five. Namibia’s President Hifikepunye Pohomba was named the winner for Achievement in African Leadership. (standard used: he left office peacefully, on time.)

elections-in-eritrea57. The government continued to undermine its own “there needs to be a middle class before we can have elections” by having elections for positions that don’t threaten it. So: we need decades before we can have national elections (because that threatens us) but we can have local elections now (because that doesn’t threaten us.)

58. Using Hacking Team software, Ethiopia continued to use spyware on US-based ESAT, reported the Washington Post.   In a case of delicious irony, Hacking Team was hacked by Anonymous. And, oh, journalists who work for ESAT are “terrorists”, according to the Ethiopian government.

59. Girma Seifu Maru, the singular (1, as in next to 0) Ethiopian opposition member in the 547-seat Ethiopian parliament, resigned.

60. After witnessing the forceful exile of 2 million and death of 300,000 Sudanese, the United Nations African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID), which is barred by Khartoum from investigating appalling crimes including mass rape, decided to restructure itself and evaluate whether its dual-command structure is problematic.  You think?

61. Long before “Black Lives Matter” burst on the scene, there was a lonely campaign by The Guardian’s Owen Jones arguing the case for “Congolese Lives Matter.” 200,000 civilians killed in Syria? Try this: 6 million people died in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

62. A 2.8 million year old human jawbone was discovered in the Ethiopian Rift Valley. When they flossed it, they found pieces of injera.  Kidding.

63. The African Union continued to tease us with a terrible report about the massive human rights abuses carried out by both Kiir and Machar in South Sudan.  We had to wait until October for the monstrosity to be published.

64. The On-again, off-again, on-again, off-again Eritrean Airlines was on again. At least for a month.

65. We had another leak, this time it is #Sudanleaks which confirmed what everybody suspected: Omar Al Bashir’s “Doha Document for Peace in Darfur”—championed by Thabo Mbeki—does not serve the interest of Darfuris.  The Government of Sudan essentially considers Thabo Mbeki as its own.  Sudan also bragged of introducing Eritrea to Iran.

66. The US announced that it will have an embassy in Somalia (based in Kenya) and an embassy in Yemen (based in Saudi Arabia.) These used to be called “listening posts” in the old days, but we will call them embassies now.

67. The African Development Bank (AfDB) announced it is giving $10.7 million in loans and $8.3 million in grants to “develop the technical, vocational, education and training sector (TVET)” in Eritrea.  In exchange, the Gov of Eritrea agreed to fully disclose… nothing.

68. The Eritrean government announced that some pastoral societies in Eritrea were being encouraged to adopt sedentary life styles as this will facilitate the delivery of social services.   There was no discussion at all (of course) of how Eritrea’s development plan had never given much thought to pastoralism beyond “villagization” and “sedentarisation” which is accepted as an article of faith.

69. The CEO of Sunridge Gold whet the appetite of his investors with the Asmara Project and the huge copper, zinc and gold deposits therein stretching East-West from Dbarwa to Embaderho.

70. The British Home Office decided that the asylum applications of Eritreans are without merit since defectors do not face life-threatening danger in Eritrea. This report was based on a report issued by Denmark in November 2014.


71. The Nigerians had an election and the loser didn’t go to the bushes to start an insurrection: he conceded.

72. Al-Shabab murdered 147 university students in Kenya.

73. The Saudi Royal family accelerated its bombing raids of Yemen.   The young Saudi defense minister had a hit song from a fan whose lyrics include; “you have the air of kings when you speak.” True story.

74. Rwanda and Israel entered into a multi-million dollar import-export agreement. The product: Eritrean refugees to be deported to Rwanda and for Rwanda to get paid for it.

75. Eritrea’s MoFA issued a press release. Two points: “Eritrea rejects, for the umpteenth time, all false allegations on the military presence of Iranian, Houthi, Israeli or any other external power in its sovereign territories…Eritrea does not allow its islands, ports and territory for lease or sale.”   It also stated that “Eritrea only recognizes and accepts a constitutional and legal leadership of Yemen.” The announcement left absolutely zero ambiguity: ኤርትራ፣ ደሴታታ፣ ወደባታን መሬታን ንክራይ ኮነ መሸጣ ዘይተፍቅድ ሃገር’ያ። ኣብዚ ዞባ፣ ናጽነታ ካብ ዝኣወጀትሉ ዕለት ጀሚራ ባባታ ንግዳማዊ ምትእትታውን መደበራትን ዘየፍቀደት ሃገር እንተላ ኤርትራ ጥራይ ምዃና ድማ ደጊማ ተነጽር።(Eritrea is the only country in the world that does not allow its territory to be a camp of foreign powers. It will never allow its islands, ports, land to be leased or sold.)  ኤርትራ ኣብ ፖሊሲ ኪዳናት ኣይትኣምንን፣ ስለዚ ድማ ኣይትጽንበሮን – ኣይትድግፎን’ውን። በዚ ምኽንያት ኣብ ዝኾነ ይኹን ተመሳሳሊ ምትእኽኻባት ኣባልነት ከምዘይብላ ደጊማ ተረጋግጽ፣(Eritrea is against the policy of alliances and intervetions and it will never join nor support them…)  Let’s see how the year unfolds. (For the impatient: jump to #248)

eritrea-book-fair76. The “Come And See”, “Seeing Is Believing” counter-punch by the Eritrean regime, to rehabilitate its image, began in earnest by having hard-core communists interview President Isaias Afwerki in sleekly produced/edited videos. “One good thing we have done is, we have never made a mistake,” is how the video begins quoting the president.

77. What do Chambers of Commerce do all over the world? Put a pin on that. Now what does the Chambers of Commerce of Eritrea do? “The Eritrean Chamber of Commerce has organized training in Mendefera city for entrepreneurs in the Southern region as regards trade ethics. Mr. Tekie Tewolde, Director General of trade and industry in the region, called on traders to meet customers’ demand, apart from avoiding illegal trade practices.”

78. The Joint African Union-United Nations Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) witnessed Sudanese planes dropping bombs in Rowata, Darfur which resulted in the killing and wounding of civilians.   Sudanese President Omar Al-Bashir did the only reasonable thing: he demanded that UNAMID leave Sudan.

79. President Isaias Afwerki met for the first time in the year with his cabinet and, according to the reportage, he told them exactly the same thing they had heard from State TV in his year-end interview….3 months earlier.  He assumed, perhaps accurately, that they don’t listen to him droning on for 5 hours.

albashir-in-iran80. For the second time since 1989, Sudan’s Omar Al-Bashir allowed elections to be held in the country.   In developments that shocked the world, he received less than 100% of the vote.

81. Ethiopian blogger Natnael Feleke, imprisoned for a year without trial, managed to sneak out a letter to US Secretary of State asking him to stop supporting the Ethiopian government. For his troubles, when the other bloggers were released….he was kept in detention.

82. CBS News reported that the migrant exodus continues to the Mediterranean and, on this ship, the vast majority of the migrants are from Eritrea

83. Easter was celebrated in Eritrea and the benediction was given by…. Colonel Debesay Gidde, the Commander of Sawa Military Camp.  ኣዛዚ ማእከል ስልጠና ሃገራዊ ኣገልግሎት ኮሎኔል ደበሳይ ግደ ኣብ ዘስመዖ ቃል፡ ንመላእ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ብሓፈሻ ንመእመናን ክርስትና ድማ ብፍላይ ‘እንቋዕ ጾመ-ልጓም ፈትሓልኩም’ ድሕሪ ምባል፡ እዚ ክቡር በዓል፡ ኣብ’ዛ ማእከል መንእሰያትን ምስጢር ህላወን ቀጻልነትን ሃገር ዝኾነት ሳዋ ምጽንባሉ፡ ብስም ኩሎም ማሕበረ-ሰብ ሳዋ ዝተሰምዖ ሓበን ገሊጹ።  Yep, that happened.

84. ISIS beheaded Ethiopians in the shores of Libya.   “The Libyan government has offered its deepest condolences to the people of Ethiopia…” In fact, every government did. Can you guess the one government that didn’t? A catch: an investigation by IGAD later on revealed that most of the “Ethiopians” were, in fact, Eritreans.

85. Boko Haram changed its name to the “Islamic State West Africa Province” (ISWAP.) No news yet on whether Al Shabab had changed its name to ISEAP. Probably because Al-Shabab was splitting into three: those who would surrender to the Somali government, those who wanted to stay loyal to Al Qaeda, and those who wanted to switch to ISIS.

86. The predecessor to Donald Trump, African Zulu king, said, “Head lice should be squashed; immigrants should go packing.” More irony: the Zulu king’s name is Goodwill Zwelithini.

87. As the year-old IGAD mediation of South Sudan conflict dragged on, the antagonists sent envoys to potential peacemakers and so: Kiir sent an envoy to Eritrea who had “very significant” talks with President Isaias Afwerki.  The Eritrean president hates envoys, except when they come to kiss his ring.

88. Ousted Yemeni president Hadi went to Saudi Arabia to ask for intervention. An LA Times report had this quote that went unheeded by some Eritreans (as it always does): “even those who bitterly oppose the Houthis despise the exiled president for inviting the Saudi intervention.”

89. Eri-TV received donations from China and advertised it. When the government receives freebies from China, it is patriotic; when the opposition receives freebies from the West, it is treason.

90. For the 14th time, Eritrea joined North Korea as “World’s most censored country”, in CPJ’s annual report. That is so negative; a positive spin would be, “Eritrea protects the people from the dangers of information.” The New York Times quoted this piece from CPJ: “its journalists are so terrified of offending the president that even reporters for the state-run news media live in perpetual fear of arrest.” Anyone who has seen the body language of Eri-TV interviewers sees the truth in that statement.

91.  “We must be frank to ourselves and the world around us. There is no alternative to ____________. For those who do not like him due to reasons known to them only, there is nothing the people of _____ can do about their opinions…But one thing is obvious: they must accept that _________________ is going nowhere anytime soon and they must prepare for a long wait because I don’t see our people changing their minds to choose the alternate leader soon. He is the only unifying national figure we have at the moment. -Statement could be about any African tyrant but, in this case, the correct answer is President Salva Kiir. Testimony courtesy of Deputy Education Minister Bol Makueng.

92. Uhuru Kenyatta was flying from Nairobi to Dubai. But there was some shelling in Yemen and his flight returned back to Nairobi. This got Kenyan papers to blame Eritrea for refusing to give permission to fly over its airspace. More importantly, it gave Eritrean Ambassador to Eritrea, Beyene Russom, an opportunity to deny the report.

93. Eritrea and Saudi Arabia signed “security and military agreement” to fight terrorism, illegal trade and piracy.   Then, as Saudi Arabia and other Gulf countries (all foreign powers) continued to bomb Yemen, they also agreed that there shouldn’t be “any foreign interference in Yemeni affairs.

94. The Mail & Guardian explained how “brutalized Eritreans faced with a terrible choice” and it had yet another iconic image of an Eritrean in the 2010s: a fragile Eritrean being saved by Italian military.

95. This happened: “Some controllers habitually dozed on the floor while on duty, pulling a blanket over their heads to drown out radio traffic. Others immersed themselves in video games and personal phone calls while ignoring communication from pilots. Still others punished U.S. flight crews for a perceived lack of respect by forcing them to circle overhead until they ran low on fuel. A common vice in the flight tower was chewing khat, a leafy plant that acts as a stimulant and is banned in the United States but legal and popular in Djibouti, according to the documents.”

96. In its Regional Economic Outlook, the IMF projected that sub-Saharan Africa’s “economy is set to register another year of solid economic performance expanding at 4 ½ percent in 2015.” There would be exceptions: Equatorial Guinea (-15.4%), Sierra Leone (-12.8%), Liberia (-1.4%), Guinea (-0.3%) and Eritrea (0.2%.)


97. In terms of sheer numbers (not per capita), the top producers of African migrants are Mali, Gambia, Nigeria and Senegal. The New York Times, says, “still, these four West African nations…are not at war. And, except in the case of Gambia, they are not especially repressive.” We told you: it is the pull factor, said the PFDJ, conflating absolute numbers with per capita numbers.

98. The second-half of “Come and See: all is well in Eritrea” (#theothernarrative) was launched, this time in an interview with Professor Asmerom Legesse.

99. The South Sudan peace negotiations became IGAD Plus: South Africa, Rwanda were invited to, uh, share in the failure.

100. FAO reported that Somalia had exported a record five million livestock to markets in the Arabian Gulf. All thanks go to….. “thanks to heavy investments in animal disease prevention backed by the European Union and the United Kingdom.”

101. Ethiopia had its election, and election watchers stayed up all night, and then for weeks, biting their nails, to see if the ruling coalition got 99% or 100% of the seats.

102. Gayle Smith (a veteran TPLF-groupie) was floated as the new boss of USAid. Howard French was not happy with this and invented a new word to describe how bad it is: “disasterbacle.” (distaster + debacle, its kinda like ginaromous = gigantic + enormous.) Additionally, a Ghanian economist said Gayle Smith is enamored with “crocodile liberators and crackpot democrats” of Ethiopia. She was eventually (of course) confirmed by the Senate.

103. May 5 was commemoration of Italo-Ethiopian War (1936-40) and Ethiopian veterans demanded “Rome should apologize and provide compensation for its use of chemical weapons—namely, mustard gas—during the conflict.”

104. Egypt’s Foreign Minister, Sameh Shoukry, visited Eritrea to confer with President Isaias Afwerki so that Kbur presidenti moyawi mkhri klegisulu:: But he ended up just meeting Eritrean Foreign Minister because the President was engaged in an extraordinarily sensitive mission: Operation Dam Supervision.

105. Somalia president Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud on elections scheduled for 2016: ‘’There is no way we will extend our term. A new government will come as soon as ours ends…… we don’t want to put this country in a turmoil.’’ We shall see, said every African.

106. Meanwhile, while we don’t know anything about Ms Fadumo Dayib, who is running for President in Somalia, I recommend that she be elected because Somali men had 50+ years to screw things up and they have outperformed themselves.  How can she be worse?

107. Peace Now, Justice Later, Maybe: South Sudan Information Minister Michael Makuei Lueth: “The most appropriate situation would have been to work for peace first, bring peace and, after peace, then you make people accountable. Now, it seems that the Secretary is putting the cart before the horse.”

108. Is Saudi presence in Yemen an invasion or Proxy War? “Prominent Twentieth Century political scientist Karl Deutsch defined “proxy war” as “an international conflict between two foreign powers, fought out on the soil of a third country, disguised as a conflict over an internal issue of the country and using some of that country’s manpower, resources and territory as a means of achieving preponderantly foreign goals and foreign strategies”. Deutsch’s definition makes it clear that proxy war involves the use of another country’s fighters rather than the direct use of force by the foreign power or powers. So it is obvious that the Saudi bombing in Yemen, which has killed mostly civilians and used cluster bombs that have been outlawed by much of the world, is no proxy war but a straightforward external military aggression. “The fact that the news media began labeling Yemen a proxy war in response to the Saudi bombing strongly suggests that the term was a way of softening the harsh reality of Saudi aggression.”

109. The UN’s Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) released its “biannual report on global food markets.” It was all good news: “Large supplies and a strong US  dollar are keeping international food prices under downward pressure. The outlook for the coming season is unlikely to diverge much from the current situation, but currency movements and macroeconomic developments may have important implications for markets again in 2015/16. Against this backdrop, the world food import bill is forecast to reach a five-year low in 2015.” Then El Nino hit and the entire forecast went up in smokes.

110. China named a full-time ambassador to the African Union.

111. “Its Ethiopia!” blared Kenya’s Standard Digital. Remember that time when Eritrea was accused of denying Uhuru Kenyata’s plane, headed to Dubai, rights to fly over its skies? It turns out “it was an unfortunate incident….We will ensure this does not happen again.” A story corrected itself without the PFDJ organizing a mekhete.

112. The annual “Innovation Prize for Africa” (IPA) was awarded to an African of mixed Eritrean-Ethiopian ancestry. Nah, just kidding: we were too busy migrating and avoiding predators. The winner was Moroccan researcher Adnane Remmal. Runner up (they love running) was Kenyan Alex Mwaura.

113. Wall Street Journal had breaking news: “Saudi Arabian women this year will finally get to drive. But only in a videogame.”   The is almost worth paying the subscription price for WSJ. But their Twitter account is free so here is the illustration they shared.

isaias-in-iran114. Independence Day in Eritrea with floats. Eri-TV has a unique way of cheapening even the happiest day: there were floats and man-on-the-street interviews and the president making more empty promises.  The president’s speech was worse than empty; it was cruel: “ሓቀኛ ናጻ ሃገር ‘ተዘይተሃኒጹ፡ ቃልስናን መስዋእቲ ጀጋኑናን፡ ዛንታ ኰይኑ’ዩ ዝተርፍ።” (Unless a truly free country is established, our struggle and the sacrifice of our heroes will be nothing but a tale, he warned.  Warning himself and his colleagues?)

115. The Eritrea Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC) was a body empowered to demarcate the Eritrea-Ethiopia border. Eritrea organized a workshop with the ministers of the neighboring country to discuss EEBC ruling. The neighbor? Sudan. Why? Who knows why PFDJ does anything.

116.  In May, there was a very, very competitive race involving an Ethiopian politician. No, of course it was not the Ethiopian election, but a race for the presidency of the Africa Development Group. Nigerian Akin Adesina won and Ethiopian Foreign Minister Tedros went back to his part time job of charming his Facebook friends.

117. The African Union turned 52 years old this year. As part of its midlife crisis it decided that it should be a mini-UN fielding peacekeepers everywhere despite issuing a development index infographic which shows that 37 of its 54 members are low-level development stage. It also held a contest to see if anyone knows the AU anthem and none of you do, do you? “O Sons and Daughters of Africa, Flesh of the Sun and Flesh of the Sky, let us make Africa the Tree of Life….” I am sure it rhymes in Swahili.

118. Africa Day was commemorated on 25 May.  Isaias Afwerki sent his Foreign Minister to give the annual advice to Africa (those Africans just don’t listen):  ውሕስነት ሃገራት ንምርግጋጽን ልኡላውነተን ንክኽበርን ንህዝብታተን ዘርብሕ ዞባዊ ዕዳጋ ንምቛምን ክሰርሓ ከምዝግባእ ብምግንዛብ፡ ነዚ ንምትግባር፡ ዳግመ- ህደሳ ሕብረት ኣፍሪቃ ከም ቀዳማይ ኣጀንዳአን ክሰርዕኦ ኣዘኻኺሩ። (Renewal of African Unity should be prioritized as Agenda One because… oh never mind: you translate it.)

119. Remember that South-Sudan reconciliation talk which started out as an IGAD initiative, then it was regionalized to include everybody and his cousin? Now they decided to merge the IGAD peace process with the Arusha peace process. Emphasis on process, not peace.

120. Russian newspaper Pravda reported that Saudi Arabia had exploded a neutron bomb in Yemen to “wipe Yemen off the map.” Pravda blamed Obama and Israel.

121. Not only is construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) good for Ethiopia, it is actually good for Egypt as it will help it cut water loss from Lake Nasser, reported the peace-mongering

122. PEN Eritrea is established, with contributions from Eritrea’s exiled artists.

123. Miss news about coup d’etats in Africa? Specially the comically botched ones? Well, you are in for a treat: The Washington Post had a great article about how some US-based Gambians tried to overthrow Gambian president Yahya Jammeh. My apologies: I mean “His Excellency Sheikh Professor Alhaji Dr. Yahya Abdul-Azziz Jemus Junkung Jammeh Babili Mansa, Commander-In-Chief of the Armed Forces, Defense Minister, Cabinet Chief, Chairman of Legislature, Public Service Commissioner, Auditor General, Chief of National Intelligence Agency, Minister of Agriculature and the Chief Custodian of the Sacred Constitution of The Gambia.”  These are all his titles; according to his website. As a custodian of the sacred constitution, he unilaterally changed Gambia into an Islamic Republic right around the time Saudi Arabia was buying allies in its War against Yemen Terrorism and he inspired Isaias Afwerki to have that “man of the people” picture.


124. In a shocking development, Omal Al Bashir was elected with only 94.5% of the vote. Due to this disappointing outcome, heads had to roll and the entire cabinet was shuffled. There was an inauguration party that Isaias Afwerki didn’t attend (the Ethiopian PM was showing up and Sudan just isn’t big enough for both of them.)  Weeks later, President Isaias Afwrki and his entire entourage of Vice President (himself), Speaker of the House (also himself) met with his counterparts: the President of Sudan (Omar Al Bashir), the Vice President (General Bakri Hasan) and the Speaker of the House (Professor Ibrahim Ahmad.) As usual, no details came out of the meeting other than the vague “bilateral discussions.” But pictures of the meetings were leaked, months later, to counter the rumor that the president was dead.

125. The South-Sudan mediation talks moved from tragedy to farce when IGAD asked Omar Al Bashir to broker peace in South Sudan.

126. Israelis also had an election, a competition between “let’s bulldoze all Palestinian homes” and “let’s bulldoze only some of them.” The “let’s bulldoze all Palestinian homes” side won. Also, an Ethiopian-Israeli MP, Abraham Negusse, was promoted to head its Immigration office at a time when there were over 40,000 Eritrean asylum-seekers in Israel.

127. There is checkbook diplomacy; there is gunboat diplomacy. Then there is Injera Diplomacy. What is that? Somali writer (and former ambassador to US) Abukar Arman explains here.

128. Following up on its massacre of 21 Egyptian Coptic Christians in February and 30 Ethiopians in April, ISIS killed 2 Eritreans “after stopping a truck carrying 75 Africans of different nationalities” in Libya.   The Government of Eritrea had nothing to say: it was saving its outrage for Iran’s attack of Saudi embassy in Tehran.

129. Using a UN lorry, human smugglers kidnapped 14 Eritreans in Sudan.

130. Three African regional affiliations—COMESA, EAC, SADC— began talks of forming the Tripartite Free Trade Area (FTA) with negotiations to resume at the next AU head of states summit in Egypt. This will cover 58% of Africa, 26 nations, with a population of over 600 million and economic activity of over $1 trillion. Clearly, Eritrea will want to be in the middle of this since its FM had lectured the AU it should do that and Isaias Afwerki will be all over it. Of course not: he didn’t show up.

131. Afro Barometer, an African research network, updates its data points for data geeks who want to analyze Africa. There is nothing on Eritrea, or Ethiopia, or Somalia because even by African standards those three countries are data deserts.

132. BOOM! The United Nations Human Rights Council and its Commission of Inquiry on Eritrea finished their year-long investigation of Eritrea and issued a damning 500-page report that alleged that the crimes committed by the Government of Eritrea may rise to the level of crimes against humanity.   “The Government and The People of Eritrea” (which is how the handful of criminals in the PFDJ refer to themselves) were outraged. In a choreographed way: here you can actually see Eritrean ambassador to Kenya actually reading his script:

133. Remember how the UK Home Office had taken a Danish report of Mzungus-in-Eritrea who, without visiting a single prison, meeting a single prisoner, a single family member of a prisoner, had concluded Eritrea was an oasis of peace and justice and there is no reason to escape it and ask for asylum? Well, the UK Home Office was now going to “carefully consider” the findings of the UN inquiry.

134. The AU Heads of States Summit was held in South Africa. One Head of State didn’t attend because he had dam-construction to supervise. Also, the South African leader plotted the escape of Sudan’s Omar Al Bashir who was wanted Alive or Alive by the International Criminal Court.

135. Zimbabwe’s president, Robert Mugabe, stopped falling long enough to criticize Burundi’s president for refusing to step down from power after 10 years in power.   Mugabe has been in power for 28 years.

136. President Obama headed to East Africa and chastised African leaders for not stepping down after 8 years in power, like him, who is forced by the constitution to step down.  Later on, he would tell 60 Minutes that if he were allowed to run again, he would win.

137. Saudi diplomatic leaks came out showing one thing: Saudi Arabia is completely obsessed with who is cozying up to Iran. Regarding Eritrea, it disclosed that Abdella Jaber, PFDJ Director of Organizational Affairs and a member of its Executive Committee for decades, had been communicating with the Saudi embassy in Eritrea.(This was later translated by Hadas Ertrea, “believe-it-or-not” style, after they had disappeared Abdella Jaber.)   It also showed that the Eritrean government had asked Saudi Arabia to block exiled opposition websites which use Arabic as a medium. Also, Egypt had sent an assassin to kill South Sudanese leader Salva Kiir.

138. The election results from Ethiopia, which had kept everyone in suspense, were announced: “Ethiopia’s ruling party, the EPRDF, and its allies have won every single parliamentary seat in May’s elections, according to official results.” Meto-be-meto.  Susan Rice tried very hard to have a poker face about this “democracy” and she finally said, screw it, I don’t get paid enough not to laugh at this.

139. Thousands of Eritreans—some in opposition to the government and in support of the CoI; some in support of the government and in opposition to CoI—converged in Geneva to do the one thing they can’t do in Eritrea: freely assemble and demonstrate.  In case you were confused who was who: the group holding pictures of Isaias Afwerki, the group using the Eritrean flag as bandanas, wrist-bands, napkins, upside-down shawls, was pro-government.

140.  In his presentation, CoI Chairman Mike Smith said, “…we have nothing but admiration for the country of Eritrea…we have a great deal of respect for the Eritrean people…we simply believe they do not deserve the system they found themselves with.” The Human Rights Council extends the mandate of CoI for one more year – not one member of the 47 members of HRC29 (except China, on principle of opposing country-specific HRs) came to the defense of the Gov of Eritrea– with specific instructions: find out if the crimes committed by the GoE rise to the level of “crimes against humanity.”

141. Around the time Eritreans were busy demonstrating in support and in opposition to the Eritrean government, Canadian mining company Nevsun, which had a featured role in the CoIE report for running “slave labor”,  issued a press release announcing that it had discovered “new massive sulphide deposit at Bisha.”


142. To the surprise of nobody, Foreign Policy revealed that the “US operates drones from secret bases in Somalia.”

143. published a January 2015 “engagement letter” between Eritrea’s Chargé d’affaires to the US and Herman Cohen, a retired US diplomat, now lobbyist, who would spend the rest of 2015 pimping the Government of Eritrea.

144. Eritrean cyclist Daniel Teklehaimanot becomes Mountain Dan (King of the Mountain) at Tour de France. Digg published what is sure to be an iconic pic of Daniel (no, not the polka dot jersey which he donated to President Isaias Afwerki who responded, in word-for-word translation of an English expression: “this is the tip of the iceberg,” confusing a people who have never seen an iceberg.)

145. A computer hacking team which goes by the name of Hacking Team was hacked. Then we learned: “Hacking Team’s technology allowed the Ethiopian government to hack into the computers and accounts of Ethiopian Satellite Television (ESAT) employees based in the U.S. ESAT operates as an independent television and radio station.”

146. Somalia appointed an electoral commission. Really.

147. Ambassador Tesfamichael Gerhatu pulled a date out of his you-know-what and said that “new constitution will be ready in the next three or four years,” fully convinced in 3 to 4 years you will not remember he said that because there will be a new crisis.

148. Ethiopia released from prison some bloggers terrorists who go by the name of Zone 9.

149. Amazing Maps released a map of the continent where “the US is treaty bound to go to war for.” And that’s BEFORE Cruz or Marco were thinking of being the next President of these United States.

150. Eritrea was ranked # 186 in the UNDP’s Human Development Index beating only Central African Republic and Niger.  Pause long, and think hard of that.

151. Uganda’s President Yoweri Musevini, who had amended the constitution to allow him to govern for life, figured he had to level the playing field a bit more and arrested opposition leaders Kizza Besigye and Amama Mbabazi.   It was all for the good of the country and national security and sovereignty and other convenient buzzwords.

152. After 15 years of defining development without reference to human rights in its Millenium Development Goals (MDG), the UN came out with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) where vague “peace and justice” became one of the goals.

153. A Rwandan reminded her president, Paul Kagame, that back in 2012 he had said, “[if] I have been unable to mentor a successor or successors that should be the reason I should not continue as president.” He replied, “Everything I have said has meaning to me and for that time.”  The statement is remarkable for its similarity to what Humpty Dumpty said in The Looking Glass:”‘When I use a word,’ Humpty Dumpty said, in rather a scornful tone, ‘it means just what I choose it to mean — neither more nor less.'”  Then Rwandans petitioned to change the constitution so Humpty Dumpty can be rewarded for his failure.

154. The Civil Code & Penal Codes of the State of Eritrea were released.   Of interest: Article 191 – Right of Habeas Corpus. “Every person arrested or detained prior to trial shall have the right to petition any court for his release on the grounds that his arrest or detention is without due process in violation of the laws and Constitution of Eritrea.”   There is a catch: Eritrea has no constitution.

155. Addressing the 28th Round graduates of Sawa High School, President Isaias Afwerki stuttered when reading a script he was given that 60% of the graduates did not achieve passing grades to attend higher education.  He said, clearly, there is a mistake and we will correct it. But: the prior year, his own Haddas Ertra said that the fail rate for the 27th Round graduates was 80%.   Meanwhile, the 14% pass rate to the degree program was heralded as a grand achievement because ትካላት ትምህርትና ታተ ኣብ ዝብለሉን መሰረታዊ ናይ መምህራን ብዝሕን ዓይነትን ሕጽረት ምስ ብቑዕ መሳለጥያታት ትምህርቲ ኣብ ዘይብሉ ኩነትን ዝተረኸበ ውጽኢት ስለዝኽነ::  Qantitative and qualitative shortage of teachers.  This is, remember, 24 years after Eritrea’s independence, and half a decade of his government everything to exile teachers.

156.  The New York Times reported that horrific ethnic cleansing was unfolding in the Nuba Mountains of Sudan.   But it was all ok because it was to protect “Sudan’s Sovereignty”, aka, black-on-black crime.

157. The Financing For Development 3rd (FFD3) meeting, all cooked in Europe and North America by lending nations, was unveiled to the borrower nations in Addis Abeba. Everybody pretended that real discussions were happening.   Isaias Afwerki boycotted the meeting to pull his annual opossum act (playing dead.)

158. Fifteen years after Chad lawyer Jacqueline Moudeina filed a complaint against her country’s Dictator Hissene Habre for murder and torture, he was brought to the international court in Dagar Senegal. 9 months later, closing arguments were being heard.

159. Burkina Transitional Council indicted former president Blaise Campaore for high treason. He promptly changed his citizenship to that of a neighboring country that has no extradition treaty with his country.

160. In interviews, Yemane Gebreab, the political director of Eritrea’s ruling party, kept saying  (including to Channel’s 4 John Snow) that the magnitude of Eritrea’s migration (only 2,000/month) compared to the rest of the world is “a drop in the ocean”, submitting his entry for the Bad Taste statement of the year.  Yemane Gebremeskel, competing for the honor, published the report at proudly.

161. Amnesty International called on the AU Peace & Security Council to release a CoI on South Sudan which everyone knows is horrific and incriminates the two antagonists of South Sudan of crimes against humanity, but is kept a secret to keep the fragile peace talks at pace.

162. The World Economic Forum reported that Eritrea is the 5th poorest country in the world, after Congo-Kinshasa, Zimbabwe, Burundi, and Liberia. This obviously requires a new Mekhete (Resolute Rebuff) against WEF.

163. Eritrea’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement that the worsening human trafficking situation in the world is due to the world refusing to heed the advice of the Government of Eritrea and it asked the UN to search in its archives for a prescient letter that President Isaias Afwerki had sent way before human trafficking became a global phenomenon.  Again, I am not making this up.


164. August is Rebuff Season where pro-government Eritreans pledge to once-and-for-all destroy all enemies of the State. They do this at meetings, seminars, concerts, festivals– just before they break out into dance.  The 2015 version of resolutely rebuff is to sue Diaspora Eritreans who oppose the government. And, unsurprisingly, Yemane Gebreab who was featured so prominently all over Eritrean media he must be the new Prime Minister, is behind this.  The first test case was in the Netherlands where a person who did not have a clear concept of what suing entails didn’t forsee that he had to be deposed and testify under oath.  He explained, under oath, that the reason he, a YPFDJ leader, was so distraught at accusations that YPFDJ takes its orders from PFDJ (obviously, he didn’t read the mission statement of YPFDJ), is because the “country is a dictatorship and torture takes place.”

165. A video that tells the Real Narrative of Eritrea, free from the whitewashing of the Other Narrative is the case of journalist Seyoum Tsehaye, who has been made to disappear by the government of Eritrea.

166. Without getting permission from Eritrean government supporters, Somalia started calling itself: The Threat of A Good Example.   Uh-huh.

terrorists-per-ethiopian-definition167. Ethiopia discovered a new use for its Anti-Terrorism Proclamation (ATP): it arrested 18 Muslims, including clerics and reporters from “Dimtsachn Yisemma” (Let our voice be heard) and told them, Yeah, your voice will be heard: in jail. It had the good sense to wait UNTIL Obama had left the country.  Like the day after he left.

168. The UNHCR reported that Eritrean refugees had doubled from 180,000 to 360,000 between 2013 and 2014. Mostly Ethiopians, economic migrants…

169. The chairwoman of National Union of Eritrean Women (NUEW) stated that her organization works real hard to protect the rights of Eritrean women.  This excludes female prisoners, females abused by the military, females who are cutting their education short to avoid going to Sawa, females who are victims of human traffickers, and a female cabinet members whose husband is in jail without charges for nearly a decade….

170. MSF: Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors without borders) runs MSF Sea which assists migrants and refuges in Europe and the Mediterranean.   On August 6, which is the height of “festival/dankera season” in Eritrea, a week after Eritrean government official said “only” 2,000 Eritreans leave per month and their number is decreasing every year, it reported “those rescued from Syria, Eritrea, Bangladesh and many other countries were screaming in terror. All are now safe.”

171. Demonstrating the bi-polar nature of American foreign policy, while Herman Cohen was telling the world that only one person, Susan Rice, stands between US-Eritrea relationship normalization, US former ambassador to Eritrea, Ambassador Ronald McMullen, was telling an interviewer that over a 9-year period, Eritrean government arrested 48 staffers of US embassy in Eritrea.

172. Eritrean president Isaias Afwerki decided to resolutely rebuff whatever was going on in his hair by having a Korean Dictator haircut. The whole country had to pretend that there was nothing to see and it was perfectly normal, but Isaias Afwerki was unfazed because he had just listened to Outkast and misinterpreted what “cut” meant: “I met a gypsy and she hipped me to some life game; to stimulate then activate the left and right brain; Said baby boy you only funky as your last cut; your focus on the past your ass’ll be a has what.”

173. Professor Asmerom Legesse, author of “The Uprooted” which documented the case of Eritreans deported from Ethiopia during the 1998-00 border war, criticized the Human Rights Council and Special Rapporteur on Eritrea, Sheila Keetharuth, for documenting the case of Eritreans exiled from Eritrea by policies of Eritrean government by using the exact same methodology he used to build his case. The world-renowned Unconscious Irony Magazine named him Ironical Man of the Year.

174. Gabon’s leader, Ali Bongo, who inherited the presidency and his vast wealth from his father, announced that he was bestowing “as gifts to the Gabonese people” some of the wealth. Well, it so happens what he was bestowing as gift were two houses in Paris, stuck in an “ill-gotten gains” court case, but it is the thought that counts.

175.  19 year old Eritrean Ghirmay Gebreselasse became the first Eritrean to win the gold for a marathon run at World Championships in Beijing.  Whereas many runners appeared to be lost as to which gate to use to enter, he had the presence of mind to demand the flag so he can wrap it around him for his last lap.   More astonishingly, this was only his third attempt at running a competitive marathon. His time: 2:12:27.

176.  Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki returned from a four-day “fruitful visit to the State of Qatar”, according to Eritrean state media. Fruit = dinar?

177. The International Trade Union Confederation, ITUC, issues a rank of “The World’s Worst Countries for Workers”, using a scale of 1-5+ on violation of rights. 1 is “irregular violation of rights”, 2 is “repeated violation of rights”, 3 is “regular violation of rights” ; 4 is “systematic violation of rights”; 5 is “no guarantee of rights” and 5+ is “no guarantee of rights due the breakdown of the rule of law.”   Only 9 countries in the world, mostly in the Gulf Arab world, had a 5+ rating.   And, of course, you know one of those is Eritrea. So, in August, ITUC visited Eritrea and the Secretary General for ITUC-Africa was quoted as saying, “the various reports submitted against Eritrea were unfounded and merely provided for purposes of disinformation.”


178. As it does every September 1, the PFDJ—not the Government of Eritrea—issued a statement where it spent two paragraphs describing the significance of ELF in sparking the fight against Ethiopian occupation and then spent four paragraphs congratulating itself for correcting the course of the Revolution.  The PFDJ is so humble.

179. China invited Omar Al-Bashir, fresh from his adventures of escaping International Criminal Court (ICC) in South Africa, to China for the China-Africa Summit which would include a parade to highlight the war crimes of Japan in World War II. When told that ICC is seeking Omar Al Bashir for war crimes, Irony Magazine Monthly said, screw it, we give up.

180. It was New Year in Ethiopia and its spokesperson, Redwan Hussein, told us አዲሱ ዓመት የሰላም: የዕድገትና የብልግና ይሁንልዎ! Ok, Redwan, if you say so but we prefer ብልጽግና. What a difference a letter makes.

181. On September 5th, shabait wrote an article about President Isaias Afwerki’s visit to Saudi Arabia…. which occurred in April and which it had forgotten to report.

182. Natnael Haile and Mohammed Kasim, survivors of the Lampedusa boat sinking, tell their story to the New York Times: they are grateful they are alive, but they wish they had never left the long, harrowing journey and they wish that no Eritrean ever will leave the country, and then concede that nobody will listen to their advice.

183. #FreeThe20 is a movement with the slogan “Empower Women; Don’t Imprison Them.” To understand how completely clueless the PFDJ is about how power works in the US, consider this: here’s a picture of Obama looking at #Freethe20  And here’s Samantha Power, US ambassador to the UN, in September, highlighting the case of one of the twenty, Aster Yohannes, who disappeared without a trace 11 years go.

184. OJ Simpson is still looking for the “real killers” of his wife, and Nevsun hired a human rights attorney to exonerate it of its crimes in Bisha.  The human rights attorney promptly exonerated it.  CBC’s Fifth Estate is skeptical, and Nevsun was not helped by its VP of communications pointing to one CoIE mistake to, ergo, presto, destroy its credibility.  How PFDJian of you, Nevsun: talk about going native.

185. The India-Africa summit was announced and President Isaias Afwerki was on a guest list. This is because he got a personal invitation from India’s foreign minister: he came, he was lectured by Isaias Afwerki that India-Africa relations shouldn’t be “a relationship between master and slave” and he hurriedly left.   Let’s see: will a man who didn’t show up for the COMESA meeting, the AU meeting, heck, even the inauguration ceremony of his buddy, Omar Al Bashir, show up for a summit where he will be dwarfed by other leaders? (Answer below: #206)

186. September 18, 2015—the 14th anniversary of the disappearance of Eritrean parliamentarians, senior officials, journalists—came and went and the cold world remained cold.

187. The Eritrean cycling craze continued, this time in Richmond, VA in the US, for the Men U23. How did we do? There was sun in our eyes 🙂

188. Molla Asghedom, the leader of Tigray People’s Democratic Movement (TPDM), one of the five armed Ethiopian opposition groups based in Eritrea, took 700 of his followers and surrendered to the Ethiopian government. Days prior to his surrender, TPDM and two other Eritrea-based Ethiopian opposition groups, including Gnbot-7, had reached a unity agreement and the leader of Gnbot-7 had abandoned his base in the US to move to Eritrea (based on advise from Molla Asghedom, according to Molla Asghedom.) In subsequent interviews, Molla Asghedom claimed that his group was the Eritrean government’s most trusted Ethiopian opposition group; that President Isaias Afwerki had personally informed him that he feels vindicated by the success of TPDM and he will get all the help he needs; and that TPDM was so trusted by the government, it had been heavily involved in Eritrea’s national security. Notwithstanding claims made by different corners including the SEMG that TPDM had tens of thousands of members,  Molla says that the group who surrendered with him makes up the entirety of his TPDM.  There was no comment from the Government of Eritrea.

189. Addis Abeba’s Light rail was commemorated. They had originally given it an awful word-for-word translation (qelal babur), but now, thankfully, the Addis humor has taken over and it is named after a person that could carry 700 individuals and take them from point A to point B: Molla Asghedom.

190. At the Waldorf Historia hotel, Ethiopia received “South-South Awards” for its success in reducing poverty and implementing Millenium Development Goals (MDGs)…

October 2015

191.… Meanwhile, El Nino hit hard and 7.5 million Ethiopians need aid, said the UN.

192. Eritrea’s Ministry of Labor and Human Welfare organized a workshop on Policy on Children’s Rights. Presumably, this covered their “right” to be conscripted and to be exiled.

193. The 70th Session of the UN General Assembly opened in New York. Eritrea was represented by….its Foreign Minister.   The Head of State was very busy monitoring a dam.  The Foreign Minister advised the UN to learn the meaning of “rule of law”, “institutionalization” and “to strive to work for justice.”   Diplomatic decorum dictated that nobody break out in hysterical laughter, so nobody did.

194. Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, whose ruling coalition party won 100% of the seats in Ethiopia, was re-elected Prime Minister with 100% of the votes.  Somewhere, Susan Rice blamed her hysteria on the laughing gas she was holding.

195.  Burundi was sanctioned by the European Union. Burundi’s foreign minister discovered his inner-PanAfrican and said “while his country believes in north-south cooperation, it does not believe in neo-colonialism, imperialism and domination of southern nations by the West.”  Tell’em, neo-Sankara.

196. From the tales that aren’t told enough: talks of a Ghost Boat that disappeared without a trace and, of course, it is the story of Eritreans.  (But remember our chorus: they are not Eritreans, if they are Eritreans they are victims of US policies, and they are economic migrants, and they will return home, anyway.)

197. Father Mussie Zerai was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize for the 2nd year in a row.  This accelerated the PFDJ and its supporters “Opposition Research” and we will surely learn soon, if we haven’t already, that he is mostly from Tigray and/or a CIA agent.

198. The 4th Congress of Transport and Communications Workers Federation was held in Asmara. With no right for collective bargaining, the union is a union in name only and would later on get lectured by the President of the country for having no rationale for the fares it collects from bus commuters.

199. Tadesse Mehari, the Executive Director of the Commission of Higher Education spoke of all the great things his department is doing to make the lives of teachers better except the one that results in massive turn-over: mandatory conscription.

200. Following the lead of Uganda and Rwanda, Congo’s leader Denis Sassou Nguesso, reluctantly decided to have his followers run a referendum to have him as leader. Very reluctantly.

201. Eritrea’s national football team, Red Sea Camels, joined the long caravan out of Eritrea, in what the Washington Post called “something of a tradition.” They decided to ask for political asylum in Botswana. Clearly, economic migrants.  And that explains why the Eritrean ambassador to South Africa was working overtime to deny them asylum.  Because that’s what you do with economic migrants.  Shortly thereafter, 7 Eritrean cyclists who are not clear on the concept of “seeking asylum” asked for political asylum in Ethiopia. In an interview with Australia’s SBS Tigrinya radio, they said they had to because the government wouldn’t get them new bicycles and their old bikes are just too dangerous.

eri-ethio-cyclists202.  The report of the Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan was finally, finally released by the AU.  And AU should insist that the two “leaders” of South Sudan be disqualified from any political office anywhere forever.

203. An Eritrean was brutally killed by an Israeli mob who mistook him for a “terrorist.” Eritrea’s Ministry of Information, which had nothing to say when Eritreans were massacred by ISIS, who have killed many more than Israelis have killed, condemned the killing and mocked the apology of the Israeli government.

204. The Somalia Eritrea Monitoring Group issued its annual report where it said Eritrea is in violation of Resolution 1907 because it denied SEMG entry to Eritrea; it cannot confirm nor deny if Eritrea is violating arms embargo of Somalia because of “multiple inconsistencies and established patterns” dealing with cargo manifest; however, clearly, it said, Eritrea continues to support armed Ethiopian groups in violation of Resolution 1907; Eritrea refuses to account for Djibouti prisoners of war and obstructs all inquiries in violation of Resolution 1907.   SEMG’s mandate is extended for another year.

205.  Robert Mugabe won China’s Confucius Peace Prize. Confucius say what?

206.  The India-Africa Summit was held under the theme of “reinvigorated partnership – shared vision.” (Not “master slave – vision”.)  An Indian journalist called the Eritrean Embassy in India and was told Isaias Afwerki was in India, he just isn’t attending the India-Africa Summitt. Maybe shopping for spices.

207. There was all kind of talk that the Emirati Navy has docked in Eritrea. Talk that was encouraged by the Government because its satellites, and East Afro among them, were the ones disseminating it and its Senior Mzungu, Herman Cohen, using it as a basis to argue for normalization of relations with Eritrea.

208. Eritreans demonstrated at the UN in New York to support the CoIE and encourage the extension of its mandate.

209. Herman Cohen went on full mekhete mode to compare the impact of El Nino on Ethiopia and Eritrea. Eritrea “continue to feed its people” unlike Ethiopia, he said.

210. Suddeutsche Zetung (SZ) interviewed Eritrea’s Minister of Information, Yemane Gebremeskel. The self-described “arguably most well educated” minister said, among other things, “those who are caught [crossing the border illegally] will be punished with two or three months in jail.” When the interviewer asked “only two or three months?”, he replied, “Normally. Maybe even less.” People who know of children who have been in prison for 3 years just shook their heads at this blatant lie.  Then, he says “torture is prohibited by law” in Eritrea and when the interviewer asks “and this law is being followed?” he replies, “I assume.” I mean, Christ, I am only the Government Spokesperson: I can’t know everything.  And finally this Orwellian explanation, “We have no political prisoners, but we have politicians who are in detention.”  Yeah, we have no political leaders, but we have politicians who are in leadership position.

211. There was also an interview with Zuri Serie and Yemane Gebremeskel is shocked (SHOCKED!) that his government is accused of a culture of impunity for criminals in positions of power.

honorary-eritrean-no-1212. The same month, Tele Zurich featured a debate between Roman Wasik, a reporter who had just returned from Eritrea (Come And See!), and Dr. Toni Locher, Eritrea’s “honorary consul” to Switzerland. Kinda like the South African ambassador to Eritrea who should be honorary Eritrean consul.  Anyway, it didn’t go so well for the honorary consul.


213. Tanzanians had an election. In the context between Chama and Chadama, Chama won. This gave Tanzanian ruling party, CCM, 54 years of uninterrupted rule.

214. Meb Kiflezghi, now 40, ran the New York City Marathon. Still an elite runner.

215. The government of Eritrea began a series of announcements on confiscation of people’s property which it euphemistically called “Nakfa money exchange legal notice.” None of the announcements said, “Give us 1,000 and we will allow you to withdraw 500” but, depositor beware.  Look for this ill-advised economic policy to be “quietly” reversed in a year or two, like dozens of other ill-advised policies.

216. MSF (Doctors without borders) had yet another report of very, very young Eritreans who fled their country en route to Europe via the Mediterranean.

217. The Play Dead Act of President Isaias Afwerki came to an end when a picture of him was disseminated with a Chinese delegation over yonder by the damn dam. The Chinese delegation was there to buy Sunridge’s share of Asmara Share Co.  Then the president had an “I am still not dead” meeting with his cabinet where the people were treated to a silent movie: there was a lot of hand-waving but no audio.

218. Russia Today, a very reliable defender of the Government of Isaias Afwerki, got tired and reported on “a forgotten dictatorship – Eritrea.”

219. The BBC reported on very, very young Eritreans—6, 8, 11 year olds–fleeing to Ethiopia, some with no families at all. And some won’t tell their story on camera for fear of reprisals against their families at home. Why did they flee? They say it is due to open-ended conscription that is their fate but we all know they are Ethiopian economic migrants, right?

220. The International Labor Organization (ILO) visited Eritrea. Eritrea is a signatory to 7 conventions (since February 22, 2000), including one against “Forced Labor” and one for the “Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention”, neither one of which is recognized in Eritrea.  But the ILO has no power other than to observe and report.

221. Attending a meeting of 60 EU and African leaders (which Isaias Afwerki didn’t attend, of course), France’s president Francois Hollande called for maximal pressure on Eritrea’s “unscrupulous” leaders for their role in emptying the country “of its own population.”

222. At a summit in Valletta, Europe’s Africa Trust Fund pledged 1.8 billion Euros from EU funds and 81.3 million from individual European countries to be handed to 23 African countries that are anywhere in the African migration route to Europe. Among the 23: every single country in the Horn of Africa.

223.  Eritrea’s Minister of Local Government, Wolde-Michael Abraha, had to remind Eritreans and all the busybodies who want to investigate why the government is demolishing houses illegally constructed, including at Adi Keyih, of one simple fact: all land belongs to the government. Sorry that the Land Proclamation we wrote is like 20 years old, and the constitution that mentions this fact is dead and buried, but one more time: land belongs to the government.

224. In the “New Eastern Outlook”, new Eritrea Expert Eric Daister, quoted self-described “journalist” Thomas Mountain in making his point that refugees are a weapons in the propaganda war. Then everybody in PFDJ Land quoted Daister quoting Mountain.

225. Lots of people have been dying in Mali forever. In November, Europeans were held hostages so it was breaking news all over the world:

226. Some of the largest employers in Africa in fields which have nothing to do with their core-mission? Particularly in Ethiopia and Egypt? The army.

227. The World Bank said it wants to retire the categories of “developing” and “developed” world and came up with a more sensitive “high”, “middle”, “low” income countries. Hope that makes you feel better. It also called for $16 billion in help to Africa to deal with the effects of climate change.

228. Germany’s Development Minister visited Eritrea.  President Isaias Afwerki bowed to the German Minister of Development. So, Eritreans, if you want to be respected by your president, quick, become powerful enough to dispense billions.

229. The median age of sub-Saharan Africa is teens. The median age of Europe is 30s and 40s.   This may or may not have anything to do with migration.

230. The stubborn narrative that authoritarianism results in creation of migrant crisis was repeated by Council on Foreign Relations (CFR).   If only authoritarianism extended all the way to censoring papers like CFR Backgrounders!  A new mekhete is needed.

231. President Isaias Afwerki visited Riyadh to discuss “strategy of fighting against terrorism.”   Unlike the visit in April, which was reported retroactively, this one was mentioned prominently in state media.

232. Prisoners in one of the hundreds of prisons in Eritrea, Adi Abeyto, were stealthily video-recorded and published by Radio WegaHta and, yes, it is exactly as horrible as you expected and, no, Adi Abeyto was not the prison that UNHRC was allowed to visit in Eritrea in its recent trip. That would be Sembel: the only prison where people are actually detained AFTER they are found guilty and sentenced.  Unlike the hundreds of other prisons.  Will UNHRC know this? Of course; but the PFDJ is slow as tortoise.


233. Amnesty International reported that “Eritrea is hemorrhaging its youth” but nobody at the government was worried because half of those claiming to be Eritreans are actually Ethiopians, and besides, they are all economic migrants. Pass the popcorn and onward and forward:

234. AU Commission delegation visited Eritrea to discuss AGENDA 2063  In response, President Isaias Afwerki shared with them “Hanti tsbiqti article” he had written in 2013. Really.  Again, I am not making this up.

235. Business Insider narrates the story of Eritrean artist Biniam Abraham who escaped Eritrea to avoid…never mind, Biniam is probably Ethiopian and he is just an economic migrant.

236. China pledged $60 billion to boost China-Africa ties. Of course, President Isaias Afwerki didn’t attend #FOCA2015. He had to monitor the price of bus fares in Eritrea while his Foreign Minister and his chaperone, Prime Minister Yemane Gebreab, attended.

237. Some of the iconic photographs of Eritrea’s Liberation War were taken by Seyoum Tsehaye. Seyoum Tsehaye has disappeared, presumably is in prison, and it takes Al Jazeera to feature his work. Only in Eritrea would those who celebrate his work and what they represent— pictures of the liberation war—also be indifferent to or supportive of cruelty the government inflicted on him.

238. Good Governance Africa writes about the “Rule By Fear” and justice-by-the-powerful-for-the-powerful that reigns in Eritrea due to “the blending of the security state and judiciary” which “has become a walking nightmare for Eritreans”: “The problems with the country’s justice system could be described as ontological: a judge’s career, according to the commission, begins at the defense ministry. Judges at the community court level may be elected, but anyone on the High Court bench in Asmara is likely a conscript—often paid less than $2 a day—and therefore under military control and, in turn, under the president’s thumb. As a second firewall against anything resembling judicial independence, the justice ministry functions under the aegis of the president’s office. A special military tribunal funnels judgments through the armed forces’ pipeline, and works as the de facto highest court in the land.”

239. According to the Government of Ethiopia, these students at Haromaya University protesting the Federal governments attempt to encroach on Oromo Province autonomy are all agents of the Government of Eritrea.

children-refugees240. December 10 is Human Rights Day. 54 Human rights experts appointed by the UN gave their report on the state of human rights in the world. One of them, Sheila B. Keetharuth, is the Special Rapporteur on Eritrea. Her lasting impression: “it is the children and the future of Eritrea walking away.”  But we don’t care because: 1. They are Ethiopians; 2….

241. At least 17 people were injured when a grenade was thrown” in Anwar Mosque” in Addis Ababa, reported Mail & Guardian quoting government sources. Putin sent a telegram congratulating the Gov of Ethiopia: “Well done, well done.”  Ok, I added the last one.

242. To meet the Human Rights Council deadline for submission of testimonies, the Government of Eritrea continued organizing massive false-testimony campaign among its Diaspora supporters with people who have never been to Sawa, people who rely on the Government for their living and work permits in the Gulf States, all testifying that they have never heard of human rights violations in Eritrea. Thousands of such testimonies, scripted by government officials and psedo-government officials, were faxed to the Special Rapporteur and the Human Right Council investigating the government.

243.  EU announced 200 million Euro of aid “long term support” for Eritrea. Because Eritrea does not take aid.

244. Developmental State autocracy ran into a head-on collision with democracy in Ethiopia. In the crackdown against Oromo nationalists, opposition activists say 75 were killed. According to Ethiopian government math, the number killed was 5. The Prime Minister pledged “merciless action” will follow so we can expect the number killed to increase.

245. Rwandans held a referendum to extend the presidency of their beloved president for another 17 years. The president was completely unaware that they were drafting a referendum, he said.   Another president, this one from the US, had warned that “African progress is at risk when leaders refuse to step aside when their term is up” but what does Obama know.

246. The Hausa in Sudan accept only the legitimacy of the Quran and not the Hadith. Twenty-five of them, including a 15-year old, were tried (maximum sentence: death penalty) for this ‘apostasy’ in Sudan. Some human rights activists mentioned this violates Sudan’s own constitution guaranteeing right of “freedom of thought and conscience” and the Sudanese government, which was shocked that people were actually quoting its constitution said, well, it violates our criminal code, so we win.

247. A tall man in white sandals (an Emirate prince) and a tall man in black sandals (Eritrea’s president) met and discussed mutual co-operation.

248. The next day, Eritrea issued a statement on “Saudi Arabia’s Initiative on the Fight Against Terrorism”: it decided (after it confirmed that the check from the Prince had cleared) that it would “support the initiative without reservations and to extend its contribution to the alliance.”  Remember that absolutist statement that Eritrea would never, ever, ever join any coalition….? That was so Few Months Ago.  Besides this is “an initiative” and not a “coalition.”

249. All the “Come and see for yourself” promotion finally persuaded The Guardian’s David Smith to go and see for himself why the country is emptying itself. He saw and reported exactly what you would expect him to: he quotes a young man saying “If they told you national service would end, it would be bearable. But it is never-ending.” Essentially, he confirmed what the BBC’s Yalda Hakim and the Wall Street Journal’s Martina Stevis had reported in March and October respectively.

250. Following up on previous stunts by tyrants, like the “harvesting President” of Gambia, Eritrea’s President Isaias Afwerki released a picture designed to show that he is “a man of the people willing to roll up his sleeves and work hard and get all oiled up”  Supporters were euphoric, opponents were embarrassed for him for becoming a run-of-the-mill dictator who is resorting to cheap PR.

251. The Atlantic Council’s Bronwyn Bruton, who had become an instant Eritrea expert based on her one visit to Eritrea, doubled down on the whispers senior government officials had told her that the National Service would be reduced to 18 months. An “Eritrea expert” would have known that the PFDJ officials have a long history of lying, but Mzungus are so handy.

252. His long campaign of trying to get his own country, USA, shift its view to Eritrea heading into a wall, Senior Mzungu Herman Cohen dealt the race card from the bottom of the deck: “Abyssinians! The Arabs are coming to Eritrea and taking your sea!”

253. Eritrean state media announced that President Isaias Afwerki would give his annual interview. Wonder how many of the developments listed above will make it to the interview? Will the National Service be reduced to 18 months? Will Eritrea joining the coalition-of-the-billing be explained?  Will Emirati presence in Eritrea be mentioned? Will Molla Asghedom’s defection be mentioned? Will his series of absences in international events be explained?  Will his refusal to comply with terms for removal of sanctions be broached?  Will there be questions about Eritrea’s budget?  Will there be a question about the state of Eritrea’s education system? Its exodus?

254. The year 2015 had a lot of deaths, as the ruling party’s veterans age.  Lt Colonel Gerezgheir Asmelash died in prison, (but they reported he died in hospital) and his funeral, according to shabait, “was conducted with great zeal.”  Brigadier General Gebrehiwet Zemichael passed away, as did Major General Ahmed Kakay (denied medical attention because the government wouldn’t allow his family to raise money and send him to Sudan); as did Khelifa Hussain (PFDJ Secretary, South); as did Mohammed Aman (former EPLF Khartoum office)…as did Abune Dioskoros (who, critics say, assumed patriarch title when the government illegally deposed his predecessor)…and many more including one of Eritrea’s legendary artists, a lion in the development of Tigrinya literature, Memher Asres Tesema.

255.  The year 2015 also had no qualitative change in the state of Eritrea’s opposition or, as a clever PFDJ-supporter called us, “off-position.”  We came, we saw, we met, we disbursed and promised to meet again.  Something is off.  The Paltalk rooms continued to splinter horizontally and vertically.  The silver lining being: the massive show of force by the Opposition in Geneva and the persistence of the exiled media that refuses to shut up and continues to inform the people of what is really going on.

256. The year 2015 was also the year that the Government of Eritrea, in an attempt to fool Europe and many of its low-information (Mzungu) delegation, converted its “mass organizations” which have zero autonomy and zero power or life outside PFDJ—the National Union of Eritrean Women; the National Union of Eritrean Youth & Students; National Coaltion of Eritrean Workers–into a “civil society.”  They have had some success and they will continue to as long as the Europeans ( “Hey, I am in Asmara and they have CNN!”) play along.  As a friend reminded me, these people would never have gone to Warsaw or East Berlin in the 1970s and said, “things aren’t that bad!” But, we are Africans.  And they have every reason to play along, to make sure that those “economic migrants” don’t flood their shores.

About Salyounis

Saleh Younis (SAAY) has been writing about Eritrea since 1994 when he published "Eritrean Exponent", a quarterly print journal. His writing has been published in several media outlets including Dehai, Eritrean Studies Review, Visafric, Asmarino and, of course, Awate where his column has appeared since the launch of the website in 2000. Focusing on political, economic, educational policies, he approaches his writing from the perspective of the individual citizens' civil liberties and how collectivist governments and overbearing organizations trample all over it in pursuit of their interests. SAAY is the president and CEO of a college with a focus in sound arts and video games and his writing often veers to music critique. He has an MBA from Golden Gate University and a BA from St Mary's College.

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  • sarahguidicelli74

    Thought-provoking piece – Just to add my thoughts , if someone has been searching for a IRS 1040-EZ , my business discovered a sample document here

  • Saba

    Dear Photoshoppers
    Isayas is just like us. He work hard and not afraid to get muddy:)

  • saay7

    Hey Lamek:

    I like that “he plays as a striker and scores regularly”; it is a nice touch. I didn’t include it because I didn’t want the list to be longer than it is, but one of my favorite stories of 2015 is that the King of Mauritania was watching a game; it was too boring for him; and he ordered that the game be stopped and be decided by a penalty shoot-out.

    As Mel Brooks once said, “its good to be the king.”


  • Nitricc

    Hi Haile MW; obviously you are too slow to catch up but I don’t have to be or participate in it to appreciate and up-hold the principals of EPLF; but I don’t expect you to know or to understand. I did not think you join to EPLF to brag; I believe you fought so I don’t have to. If I forget and undermined what EPLF did and what went through then I will be forced to the price you paid. Again, I don’t expect you to understand that. You are the first one to brag about joining EPLF in which puts you in ????????

    “Sometimes when you sacrifice something precious, you’re not really losing it. You’re just passing it on to someone else.”

    I know I am wasting my time

    • Haile WM

      oh boy,
      Nitricc stop embarassing your self. Labeling me as TPLF says more of you than shouting “awet nihafash” to try to be an EPLF kid.
      fact check for you, what is the hafash doing right now ? fleeing to ethiopia sudan or wherever. Where is the awet nihafash we fought for then ? do you even understand that ? isn’t the same Hfash that you labeled as greedy and cowards in your previous posts ?
      me joining EPLF is history, I don’t need on passing to the kinds of you, it is craved in the golden stone of eritrean History. The general failure is on passing the real message of EPLF to people like you, I am sorry you clearly have missed what was it all for. For you the aim of EPLF is rejoicing when TPLF is in bad shape, or maybe moking ethiopian people. That was not all about and sorry you missed it all.

      Keep on entertaining me, what else did you learn besides Awetn’hafash that makes you feel you are EPLF?

      • Nitricc

        Hi Haile WM; I am sorry you can’t be an Eritrean. I know no Eritrean who brags like this. No wonder why you are pained about TPLF last days. Sorry for your loss. For the record; even if you are Eritrean; if at that; you have no right to give or take what EPLF is. But only comes from TPLF thugs.
        LONG LIVE PIA!
        Good-bye; I have no use for you!

        • Haile WM

          Hi nitricc,
          “long live PIA” ? even before “long live Eritrea” ? ዋይ ውርደት, did we fight for this to happen ?!?! 🙂
          Do you know what baliKa is ? ባሊቃ ? the asmarino kids might instruct you what that might be.
          Now you are stripped of your baliKa membership of the fake EPLF branch in the USA 😀 don’t get upset it was only for kiddies like you. next time you will bestowed the fake scientist and the fake nobel price all made by ባሊቃ, for your towering kiddie intelligence.

          PS Never an EPLF shouted “long live PIA” never!

          • Nitricc

            Hi Haile; let me give you an advice. One of the greatest assets of EPLF’s culture I very much respect is humility! They never brag about their individual deeds and accomplishments. Again if you are Eritrean; which I doubt but you are the first one to openly brag and sing your own praises. TPLF thugs never failed to show off and talk about themselves. That is the reason I suspect you are one of the TPLF thugs.
            If you are an Eritrean then follow the culture and be humble and stop blow your own horn.

          • Haile WM

            Hi nitricc nebsi,

            if you respect humility then practice it 🙂 stay where you belong ኣዕቕምኻ ሕሰብ ኣዕምኻ ተዛረብ. you can’t possibly know about EPLF culture let alone the asset and at the same time shout “long live PIA”. just stick where you really belong, wanna be EPLF.

        • Abraham Hanibal

          Hi Nitricc,
          You are contradicting youself. “Long live Isayas” was not the culture of EPLF. It only became a culture among some cheap diaspora Eritreans after most of the founding fathers of EPLF were made to disappear. It was popularised by Yemane Monkey and his hoard of half-baked koboro-junkies; most of whom never been in Eritrea and never experiencing the Eritrean culture and life from close hold.

  • Tzigereda

    Dear Saay,
    Thank you for the excellent review of last year! Ab mintay iyu Haylu ilomni…


    [from the moderator: AMAN, you have violated the guidelines for the final time. You will be banned for two weeks and if you try to post anything until the 29th of March, your ban might be for a longer period of time.

    Fanti, a few days ago you were defending AMAN’s right to use a new nick. WE explained how he can do it. But here is what he posted today. We rest our case]

    Greetings All
    Dear Awates,
    Pursuant to the progress and development our Field / Meda ( Awate )
    registered recently, I would like to accept your criticism and apologize
    for the seemingly belligerent posture and attitude our party displayed
    in the Meda Awate , while WE remain firm and stand by the facts done
    and said through our party’s organs and publicized here at
    I hear your point when you say,
    It was only the posture and loud tone of the voice that needed correction
    while the deed and the facts are true.
    Or is there something to add ?
    Feel free to contact our communications office.
    Seating New Spokes person
    on behalf of the Party.
    New Salvation Front
    of the United Horn Republic.
    NUHR – SF

    • Fanti Ghana

      Hello Dearest AMAN (SENAI),

      If you are logging in using Facebook or other social websites with different account names, it is creating a problem for you with Choose one name exclusively for and make sure that you sign in using that name only at all times. If you want to change AMAN to any other name all you have to do is post your intention to do so and there will be no problem.

      You are a unique addition to all of us at, and I would hate to loose you for something as silly as failing to use one specific nick name. Please think about it and make up your mind.

      By the way, I like your “New Salvation Front of the United Horn Republic” very much.

      • Kim Hanna

        Selam Fanti,
        Good advice.
        The “New Salvation Front of the United Horn Republic” is not new, it is called Ethiopia for short.
        AMAN want to eat the crow by calling it a chicken.
        Mr. K.H

        • Abi

          Hi Mr Kim
          I’m glad he is a minority.

        • Fanti Ghana

          Hello busy man!

          “United Horn Republic” sounds much better. As long as Abi is not involved, we can put it to a vote if you like.

          • Abi

            Hi Fantasy
            Another meto bemeto in the making.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Hello Abisha,
            This is too good to argue against. What a twisted mind you have!

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam Fanti, Abi and Horizon,
            This is a tongue in cheek response to my friends. No one else should get bent out of shape.
            “Yetebaberut Kendotch” ?…….Newer new.
            Let me make a counter proposal.
            Let the countries Horizon mentioned in our neighborhood submit an application to become a “Killil”.
            We will review their applications for sincerity, and probably recommend to keep their statehood and membership at the U.N, Wink…Wink, so that we have a “6” or a ” 7″ votes capacity. However, in our internal make up and affairs in Addis Ababa we will be one people. We will be known as the “United Ethiopia”. Now then, if their is any reservations or hint of disapproval of the name in the application, everyone should know that it is a deal breaker. No vote is necessary, if someone does not like your name, how can they like your being. It is the acid test.
            That is my final offer.
            Mr. K.H

          • Lamek

            Mr. K.H.,

            Now you have gone way above the Abyssinian fundamentalism calibration curve. You are now an outlier. Gheteb will have to throw you out. Conclusion, subject is an anomaly, doesn’t fit any of our models. Case study over. Referred to aliens. No further information available on CS K.H. Note: the name has two female names. Aliens might take light years to determine they are actually dealing with a male. Next case Species Amde Abissinicus Primo.

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam Lamek,
            I hope you have noticed my first line. I was engaging in the ….Earth is the center and the universe revolves around it…type of wishful thinking. No harm in it, is there? I was expecting Nitricc to come out swinging.
            Amde, once told me a specific genetic code name, that we might consider as our scientific name as an alternative.
            Mr. K.H

          • Fanti Ghana

            Hello Mr. K.H,

            Have you noticed that the horn, including Yemen, is the final resting place of the air coming from Indian Ocean? That has to be our curse. I couldn’t find The United Horn Republic ever having had peace for two generations in a raw throughout its existence.

          • Dear K.H.,

            One of the positive aspects of ethnic federalism in Ethiopia is that, at least theoretically, it gives the chance for all regional states to opt, work and demand for equal development. If they are joined economically and socially with trade, power, education etc, and free movement of people, then we can dream of a peaceful and developed Ethiopia of the future.

            Ultra-nationalism aside, if the countries of the horn are joined in the same manner, and Ethiopia plays a positive role from its geographical center, and acts as a highway of power, roads, commodities, education etc in a north-to-south and east-to-west directions, there is nothing wrong with that. All countries will benefit, despite who is at the center and who at the periphery, and who revolves around whom. Ethiopia has already started to join with Djibouti, Kenya and the Sudan. This is the first step of regional economic integration, and someday movement of people and goods between these countries will be extremely easy. Therefore, although regional integration may not look like a possibility right now, neverthelss it is not an unattainable wild dream.

            What are the chances of social and economic development in the region as things stand today? Very slim, indeed. Two of the countries are failed states, the third is dubbed N. Korea of the horn, and the fourth is more or less theocratic. Guess what the future holds for the region unless they change course.

          • Amde


            United Horny Republic…
            …all you need is love…

        • Dear K.H.,

          One has to look at the map of the horn of Africa to see that Ethiopia is at the center. It is the only country directly connected to all the countries of the region: Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, S.S., Sudan, and Eritrea. Its geography, demography, military and economic strength are making her the regional power. In the future she will play a major role in the politics and the economy of the horn of Africa.

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear Aman, you better keep your name Aman

      for today read this – you will also find someone with the same name.

  • T..T.

    Hi saay7 and all,

    A day to always remember so long Isayas is reigning over Eritrea and Eritreans by force:

    On March 15, 1946, Isayas’s mother threw a big party on the occasion of the 40th day after Isayas was born. The date coincides with the assassination date (March 15, 44 BC) of Julius Caesar, the first dictator in perpetuity (for life). Julius Caesar’s claim of the title, a dictator in perpetuity equated to king of kings and that became the reason for his assassination.

    • Amde


      If this isn’t a fantastic opening line for a novel (or an Isayyas biography), I don’t know what is.


      • T..T.

        Hi Amde,

        If you would like to know who Isayas is, know first who he groups with.

        Indeed, birth dates really tell a lot about dictators’ way of thinking and personalities. Suppose those dictators who were born in the month of February seek to stay in power by any means necessary weaponizing ethnicity, religion, region, color of eyes, size of ears, or whatever works for them to stay in power. The list of those dictators in perpetuity (for life) who were born in the month of February includes:

        Koki Hirota of Japan, born on Feb. 14, 1878

        Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe, born on Feb. 21, 1924

        Idi Amin dada of Uganda, born on Feb. 7, 1925

        Kim Jong II of North Korea, born on Feb. 16, 1941

        Isayas Afworki of Eritrea, born on Feb. 2, 1946

        • Amde

          Hi T,T,

          As tempting as it is to entertain the notion of the February Fearsome, Wikipedia thinks otherwise. If anything, it looks like Spring is favored (April/May).

          Stalin – December 18, 1878
          Mao – December 26, 1893
          Hitler – April 20, 1889
          Mussolini – July 29, 1883
          Fidel Castro – August 13, 1926
          Lenin – April 22, 1870
          Pol Pot – May 19, 1925
          Mengistu Hailemariam – May 21, 1937
          Saddam Hussein – April 28, 1937
          Gaddafi – June 7, 1942

          I know someone, whose son is so headstrong the parents are in perpetual fight with schools that want to designate him as ADHD or Autistic or somesuch…. She read someplace that his birth sign is known for dictators and gangsters, and she swears it has to be true.


          • Abi

            Hi Amde
            Idris Awate – April 10, 1910. Your list is complete.
            You welcome.

          • Kokhob Selam


            Awate? you explanation please!ኣልበዛም?

          • Eyob Medhane


            I actually was expecting Gash Saleh to come out with a baseball bat for Abi.. 🙂 Ante qedemkew.. 🙂


            Correction :- ‘Idris Awate’ was his father. The gentleman, you wanted to talk about, his name is Hamid. Hamid Idris Awate…

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Eyob,

            Actually I was confused at first, I thought the name he mentioned is a dictator somewhere in this world. I was googling to find out. Lol, then I said- this is Abi anyhow..He might be saying to make someone nervous here. Abi let you cry and lough always..I came back remembering the day he label me “slave” . what can we do with Abi we love him to the level he even list our hero as one of dictators.

          • Abi

            Hi Eyobe
            “Abatu dagna liju qemagna ”

            Was Emye Menelik a dictator? I’m the first one to admit. He was a felach “qorach”!!!
            Atse Tewodros was a dictator. Atse Yohannes was a dictator. Yodit Gudit was a dictator.
            This is a qine that was said about Tewodros
            ” Atse Tewodros endet tewaredu
            Yeshoan mekuwanint ej nestew hedu.”

            Kokobe, where did I cross a red line? It is my opinion . He was a shifta after all . This is your second time mentioning the “Arab slave” thing.
            I think only the Arabs won the 30 years war. Ethipia and Eritrea lost big time. The Arabs paid in cash and armaments and training etc. You paid with your life. They won, we lost. Now they are eating each other. I hope they continue eating each other for the next 3000 years . I HATE arabs.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Hello Anbesaw Abi
            Let’s pull the rag from under the Arabs by all of us becoming Muslims. If someone translates The Quran into Ge’ez or Amharic it will sound the same as the Bible anyway and since we don’t follow it word for word what difference would it make? I am serious!

          • Dear F.G.,

            The problem is not this or that religion, but not respecting religion, any religion, as a personal affair between the person and his/her God. There is no reason whatsoever why all human beings should be Muslims or Christians, and why wars should be waged to disseminate religion. What God asked was to live a simple virtuous life, and He never asked anybody to call him/herself a Christian or a Muslim, and kill for the sake of the name or the method of the religious sermon. Unfortunately, it is human beings who made religion an instrument of their domination. A very good example is the Saudi royal family, who used Wahibism for their own selfish ends.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Hello Horizon,

            Well said.
            Although not as public as I would like it to be, there are two major school of thoughts among the Arab-Muslim world regarding Ethiopia (Abyssinia) Vis-à-vis Islam.

            One group believes in leaving Ethiopia alone and not interfering as per Prophet Mohammed, and the second group believes that since they (Abyssinians) were liked and respected by the Prophet it is preferred to interfere and to make them Muslims, even by force, so that they will go to heaven with the rest of us.

            Those who know more about these two groups may explain it better than I can, but it is quite interesting to just even know its existence. That may partially explain the lukewarm relationship Abyssinians seem to have with the Arab-Muslim world.

            I haven’t read a scholarly work in this regard, but I read an article ( I think NPR) that made the above claim. Those of you who know about this please explain.

          • Dear F.G.,

            I haven’t come across the second scenario, (Islamizing Abyssinians even by force to save their souls). I think that Ethiopia’s proximity, the expansion of Islam through wars, the history of Ahmad an-Najash, the Abyssinian disciple of the Prophet of the first Hijra, whose tomb is in Tigray, which might have made some Muslims to think Ethiopia should be under their control, Egypt’s permanent policy to control the Nile by Islamizing Ethiopia or otherwise, etc, must be more important reasons than the salvation of the Abyssinian soul. I hope somebody will say a word or two on this.

          • dawit

            Egypt sent 100s of Bishops from Alexandrea to Ethiopia for almost 1700 years. Was that part of Islamizing Ethiopia?

          • Dawit,

            Do you doubt that Egyptian policy towards Ethiopia has always been, either to Islamize or keep Ethiopia in chaos through proxies, so that she would not be able to utilize her river? Christians in Egypt were not free and were subjugated themselves. You should have know that Christianity in Egypt predates Islam, and the two Coptic churches were cooperating before Islam reached north Africa.

          • dawit


            I have no doubt you are one of those who have been programed by Haile Selassie and Mengisu’s propagandas against Eritreans and Arabs. Why would Egyptian want to keep Ethiopia in chaos? The real enemies of both people are European colonizers. It was the British that introduced the idea of controlling the Nile water and its source. But you don’t want to blame the British, instead you pound your punches on Arabs and Egypt, ኣህያዉን ፈርቶ ዳውላውን መምታት ይባላል

          • Dawit,

            Do not make the mistake of putting Eritreans and Arabs on the same page. I doubt that there is reciprocation from the other side.

            As much as European colonizers are concerned, especially the British (and the Italians in our case), all the wars we have seen up to now and will be seeing in the future, in Africa and the Middle East, are their legacy.

          • Abi

            Hi Horizon
            Don’t you worry about the arabs. They are burning in a raging fire as we speak.

          • Dear Abi,

            Look at the extent of the problem: from Syria as far south as Yemen, just about 25 miles across the Red Sea from Djibouti, and from North Africa as far away as West Africa, ISIS and Al Qaeda are in a hurry to be the first to control the regions mentioned above. In addition, we have Saudi Arabia, which is part of the problem than the solution. I am afraid that they might try to bring the problem to the horn too, unless Ethiopia is extremely vigilant, and Al Shabab is defeated.

          • Ted

            Hi, Abi, If religion were the problem in Arab world that you described as ” ranging like fire”, think south and see the christian cross in the forehead, neck, clothing, flag, house who live and breath it. But as usual, you have no balls to say you hate Muslims or Islam. The likes you, ignorant and bitter, are the reason Ethiopia is burning with hate, mistrust and resentment “as we speak”. You are here 24/7 spewing your hate because no other tolerate your bigotry but here. You are damaged good and if what is going around is any indication, Eritrea is in a better place away from people like you.

          • Saleh Johar

            Dear Horizon,

            Does it occur to you that racism against any race is still racism? Of course not to those who subscribes to the views of the likes of Trump 🙂

            For your information, many Eritreans do not appreciate being considered a booty by their neighbors some of whom treat Eritrea like a trophy, some bone of contention.

            Please don’t follow that path of bigotry, it’s hard for me to imagine you in that place 🙂

          • Dear SJ,

            When there are more than 150K Eritrean refugees in Ethiopia and may be about the same number living among the Ethiopian society, there is only one language we should all speak, that of peace and cooperation. This is not owning, racism or bigotry, but the reality.

            When I say that the other side has not reciprocated, it was in connection with the failure of Arab governments (those who have the power to help and did not, and not the ordinary people) for not protecting Eritreans and other nationals as they passed through the Sinai and the Sahara desert, and may have even cooperated with the perpetrators. Nobody can tell Eritreans what to do. There interest is their guide.

          • dawit

            It is not dawit that put Arabs and Eritreans in the same basket. It is you and people like you who equate Eritrea=Arab! For 30 years you were fighting Arabs not Eritreans. As a mater of fact you hate Eritreans more than Arabs. Did I tell you that I visited the number one tourist attraction spot at Makale, a museum to show some air raid that killed few children during the last war? Can you imagine how many Museums Eritrean would have erected for every air raid that killed women and children in Eritrea in 30 years? You erected that Museum not seeking reconciliation of the two people but as a reminder for the next generation that who their enemies are. The European would not have conducted wars in Africa in the past and future, without having an African traitors who do their dirty jobs. Your government is working day and night to isolate Eritrean people wishing they will die in starvation, but God is not listening to your ill wishes.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Hello Dawitom and Horizon,

            You missed a bigger gun than “It is you and people like you who equate Eritrea=Arab!”

            We, Ethiopians, and Eritreans are Arabs! (I can only imagine how many people’s brain cells I must have killed this second).

            I just read this very interesting article that shatters our common belief. Someone or some group who calls themselves FreeYurself starts their article with the following introduction, and they quote several books/scholars to strengthen their argument.

            “I always hear the Abyssinians mentioned as if they are not Arabs. What surprises me is the fact that there is no reason for them to be seen as anything other than Arabs. What I will show in this article is that the Abyssinians are pure Arabs originally from the southern part of Yemen.”

            The Arab Origin of Abyssinia?

          • Amde

            Selam Fanti,

            That was an interesting read. It implies that the Arabian desert was a tougher barrier for human migration than the Ref Sea.

            This discussion gets lost in the weeds for me because it is generally believed the set of humans who left Africa to populate the rest of the world were from our own neighborhood. There is apparently more human genetic diversity within Africa (East vs West for example), than there is between the average Africans and the average non-African. See for example. So Our Abi, is closer genetically to the Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe (and his illustriously named father ShintAro Abe), than to Nigerian Chief Abiola.

            And linguistic evidence shows that the superfamily of languages within which Ge’ez and Arabic reside also includes the languages like Oromo and Agew, which exist only on our side of the Red Sea.

            Even if we don’t go to the first out of Africa migration, it is logical to presume that the first migration was followed by many others over the years. So, we have grounds to claim all Arabs are Abesha, especially the Yemeni. In fact, we should let them know they are the original tegenTay.

            Still, when did the first “Arab”, show? In the 1000BC timeframe, were there indeed “Arabs”, who spoke the language, and identified themselves as Arabs? Nobody places the Amharic language that old fir example, and yet it is the second most spoken Semitic language today. Second only to Arabic.

            My guess is, this “Arab” vs “Ethiopia” thing is primarily an artefact of the dominance of Islam in the Arabian peninsula (which became the dominant lens through which we viewed each others’ alienness) , and secondly of the Arab Natonalism as a fashionable organizing political idea of the 20th century. A conflation of the two results in Kuwait sending shiploads of arms for Jebha and Shaebiya.


          • Fanti Ghana

            Hello Brother Amde,

            You made several important points. The “Out of Africa” and “are we Arabs” or “are we at least related” questions don’t need to be contradictory because of the time span between when the two could have occurred or began. When we try to study our Arab connection, we don’t necessarily need to go any farther back than say 5,000 years max.

            Out of Africa in the other hand, is not bound by time but only by evidence such as the archeological discoveries we have been getting lately. So, it is possible that all people scattered outward and made several other migrations to eventually their off springs come back home without necessarily knowing that this is home.

            Speaking of Abi, you know how he brags about being Damot/Gondere and what not? Well, Damot was Northern tip of Ertrea and Yemen long time ago! But that is for another time. I don’t want to give him several strokes in one day.

            prof. tes,
            if you are reading this we will some day talk about what we once touched upon regarding whether Bilin-Agew migration was North-South or South-North in realtion to Damot and who they are.

          • Dear Amde and F.G.,

            The “out of Africa human migration” is the outcome of genetic studies of human fossils, and not the result of archeological discoveries. In addition, it has periods in time. There are many slightly different versions of this theory, nevertheless the essence is always the same; that human beings left their place of origin, which is East Africa, about 60,000 years ago, due to climate change, overpopulation,… whatever, and crossed over by the way of bab-el-mendeb and northwards through Sinai, the middle East and finally settled in Euro-Asia, and from there, gradually moved to the rest of the world.

            There, they met the Neanderthals, who had left East Africa about 300-400K years ago. They interbred, and that is why there are genes of Neanderthal origin about less than 5% in Europeans and Asians, and much less in African. For one reason or other Neanderthals died out and did not survive. About 3000 years ago there was a return of these prodigal sons to the place of their origin, which was East Africa. That is why Ethiopians have slightly more Neanderthal genes compared to other Africans. More or less, in general terms, this is the story of human migration.

            In Ethiopia fossils were discovered which show that Homo Sapiens lived in the region about 200-400K years ago, and the first Hominids, 3.5m years old, is also from Ethiopia (our beautiful Lucy).

            Some say that the name Habesha (a word which they say means mixed people) was given by Arabs to peoples of the region, when they came in contact with them for the first time. Here is where one is forced to ask, which came first, the chicken or the egg? What does it matter as long as you can eat both? Do not laugh. Therefore, there is no reason at all to try to Arabize Habeshas.

          • Dear F.G.,

            I do not think that it is as simple as saying “Abyssinians are Arabs”. I do not know if you have seen the genetic studies that came out of the University of Oxford or Cambridge about a year or two ago, that showed that Ethiopians carried genes that came about 1000 years b.c. from the regions of today’s Syria and Israel, thus confirming that the story of queen Sheba and Menilik I might not have been a myth after all, and Jews might have indeed come to Ethiopia accompanying them.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selamat Horizon,

            I agree that it is not as simple as saying Abyssinians are Arabs, but I couldn’t deny how well he stated his case and how it added to my dilemma about our relationship.

            No doubt at all about our mixture with Israelites Syrians, Arabs, and may be more. My reply to Tafla above may also be a little addition to what I am going to say here.

            By the way, since you mentioned Menilik, did you know that the name Menilik was given to him by his father, King Solomon, after he went back to Isreal at around age 19? If so, what was his birth name? You are not going to believe this but his birth name was Ibn el Hakim (the wise man’s son; in Arabic). I can’t help it to imagine someone shouting “Ya Ibnel Hakim, TeAl huna (Ibnel Hakim, come here)!

            Why in the world did his mother name him in Arabic? Pressure is out because she was a very powerful queen herself, location is out because he was born in today’s Eritrea (MaiBela), and I am at a loss to come up with good reason except she spoke Arabic equally as her whatever native language was then. A distant second would be the people who lived in Maibela, Eritrea spoke Arabic and they named him as such because she was too ill following her labor to communicate for consultation.

            To add a little to that mix, also, there is no mention of a translator when she met and talked with King Solomon. What language were they using? Horizon, let’s agree that we have a long way to go and shake hands on this.

          • Dear F. G.,
            I would not have even mentioned it, if it were not a scientific study. I always had the problem of differentiating ancient history and myth. Simple assumptions never satisfied me. In this and many others, historical events indeed happened, but not necessarilly as some historians try to tell us. What percentage is the product of their scientific conclusion, and what percentage is the product of their imagination or for the sake of expedience, nobody can really tell.
            Another fact is that there was a lot of human movement in all directions, as we are seeing today the drama of refugees and immigrants in Europe. The history and the generic makeup of Europeans is changing forever by incorporating middle eastern and african as well, now in a large amount. Today there are means available to leave history as it really happened, but not of the times we are discussing. Let us not take therfore ancient history as if it is hundred percent facts. And I too leave it there.

          • Tafla

            Fanti Ghana,

            Yemenis are semites, not all of them are arabs. Eventhough I believe we are more Somali than Arabs. Those few who migrated from Yemen to Abyssinia have not left more than 15% footprint. What is your background Muslim or Christian? Many Christians want to relate Israel and many Muslims want to rekate to Arabs, even if they have to manipulate to get there. We are just Cushites, which is human enough.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Hello Tafla,

            Human enough indeed!
            One of the most difficult aspects of our history is that the more we think we know we are left with even more questions. The fact that our ancestors didn’t leave any written work makes our task that much more difficult. About a year ago, I mentioned about the whole region being Oromo which I still believe, but it will take us into different dimension from what we are talking about now.

            So, the idea of we are more Somali than Arab is totally fine with me because I am a strong believer on Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, and Sudan to be what was referred as Abyssinia at one point any way. I know it is not going to sell now, but I am gathering my forces!

            Syrian, Assyrian, Semite, Cushitic, Canaanite, or whatever is not even that important for what I am trying to get at. Once upon a time there were four tribes in our region: Arab, Damot, Meroe, and Proto-Abyssinian Farmer. Who ever we are we are one or a mix of these. Now, the trick is to come up with convincing evidence about how these four are related or unrelated. Stay tuned; that is work in progress.

            Background? I am a Christian on both sides who has lived a very complicated life.

          • dawit

            Dear Fanti,

            I am sorry I don’t buy this fiction as history. It is amazing every history written by Arab or European who want us to believe that we are not the indigenous population of our area. They all try their theory that our ancestors must have migrated from somewhere. Why not be the other way? Why not the Yemeni, Arabs or Israelites all to have migrated from our region? After all the oldest human fossil is discovered from our region. Plant scientists always believe the origin of a given crop to come from an area where there is the most genetic diversities of that crop, still live in the wild. Coffee is an example to have originated south west Ethiopia. The environment and the climate are conducive for that species of crop to grow and diversify than any other place. If that theory applies for plants why not for animals and humans. If one observed the diversity of people in any region of the glob, there is more diversities in Africa especially in the Horn of Africa than any place of earth . You can find from the straight hair, to kink or wool hair in our region, you find the flat nose to the straight nose in our region, you can find from the light to very dark skin colors, the tallest to shortest pigmy type in our region. Where in the world people can live without protective clothing other than our regions which is free from freezing cold or burning heat. Therefore, as far as I am concerned Arabs are Arabs, Eritreans are Eritreans, Ethiopians are Ethiopians, Somalis are Somalis, Oromos are Oromos etc. all originated in our region, rather than thinking they must have crossed deserts and seas to come to where we are. That you can take it as another ‘Dawitism’ theory.


          • Fanti Ghana

            Hello Dawitom,

            I don’t necessarily disagree with what you are saying, but what was needed a clear definition on my part was the time span. My reply to Made kind of addresses it a little regarding how both can be true.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Hello Horizon,
            Egypt’s poor political judgment regarding the Nile and Ethiopia is just a 19th century phenomenon. It has zero contribution to the kind of Arab-Abyssinia relationship I was alluding to. Ethiopia-Arab relationship was there before Christianity and Islam, it was there during, and it will continue to the end of time. It is too fundamental to narrow it down to one countries political policies. That said, let me move down to your and dawit’s exchange below and correct you both.

          • Nitricc

            HI Horizon; religion is the mother of all human ills. Religion should not be respected, rather be eliminated from the face of the earth. Besides….
            “The world holds two classes of men – intelligent men without religion, and religious men without intelligence.” – Abu Ala

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam Nitricc,
            I have to say again, you are full of surprises. You intercept truth on occasion to make me forgive you for everything else.
            I have read what Horizon and Fanti are exchanging with interest and I am on your side. What do you know? I like the excellent quote too.
            Mr. K.H

          • Fanti Ghana

            Hello Mr. K.H,

            Not so fast. What Bad Boy Nirticc quoted is just the easy way out.

            There are undeniable contrasts between what our religions teach and how some people who claim to adhere by them behave toward one another. I always thought that we are denying ourselves from correctly identifying the real causes of our ills especially when I hear very well educated individuals blaming this religion or that religion as the cause.

            We don’t fight about land because there is “a land.” We fought about it because either one or both of us behaved unfairly or we both misunderstood the other’s intention. Either way, the land did not cause the fight.

            Both our religions’, Christianity and Islam, basic teaching revolves around being fair, just, humble, and gracious. How can that teaching lead to something bad?

            Intelligent or not, vanity, greed, and bigotry are the main cause of most of world’s problems.

          • Abi

            Hi General Nitricc
            No wonder majority arabs are religious people. They kill while praising God.

          • Selam Nitricc,

            “Intelligent men without religion vs religious men without intelligence”.

            Don’t you think that both are equally dogmatic statements, when both assumptions are not always true, that intelligent men are atheists, and non-intelligent men are religious?

          • Abi

            Hi Fantastic
            I hope you are not equating Muslim with arabs.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Aselam Alekum Ya Ustaz Abi,
            I was, who doesn’t?

          • Abi

            Waelekum selam habibi
            What are you smoking?

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selamat Abisha,
            I don’t know what it is. It has no label, but I bought it at Dubai Airport a couple of weeks ago. Do you want some?

          • Abi

            Merhaba Fantasy
            If it doesn’t have labels, it must be counterfeit or expired.
            Yenen Fanta aqaTlew.

          • dawit

            Not yet! George Washington Feb 22, 1782 and Abraham Lincoln Feb 12, 1809. Nice company with PIA’s Feb 2, 1946.
            You welcome

          • Abi

            Mezmure dawit
            No way! How is it possible to put Prophet Isayas the lion of nakfa with slave owners ?
            I have been warned by kibur moderator to respect Eritrean heroes.
            Isu chisu
            Amele bisu is undoubtedly a hero . Time to elevate him to sainthood.

          • dawit

            Isum siyansew new, moto yetenesa kekrstos new yemiwedaderw

          • Abi

            Today is St Patrick’s day. I’m sure soon we will celebrate St Isayas day with Meloti birra. Pick a date. How about May 24?

    • Music Novice

      Greetings TT,

      To say “Julius Caesar, the first dictator in perpetuity” is silly and simplistic, to say the least.

      What are going to say next? Read tea leaves and consult a voodoo priestess?

      • T..T.

        Dear Music Novice,

        Those who are more into music when they start injecting music into politics, they mix up a lot of truth qualifying for a title novice politicians.

        As to your explanation about Julius Caesar, history tells us that the senate awarded Julius Caesar a new title, dictator perpetuo (“Dictator in perpetuity”) when he started ignoring the senate and behaving like a king imposing on the public the superstition of “Nihna Isu, Isu Nihna.” But unfortunately, a nation that has courageous sons and daughter never accepts “Nihna Isu, Isu Nihna” nonsensical blind slogan.

        According to Julius Caesar was awarded Dictator perpetuo (English: “dictator in perpetuity”) due to his imposing monarchical power on the people calling him dictator in perpetuum or incorrectly dictator perpetuus. As the result the tide turned against him, thus the office held by Julius Caesar from 26 January or 15 February of the year 44 BCE was ended by his death (assassination) on 15 March. In short Julius elevated his dictatorship into the monarchical power and the power of the people ended it.

        • Music Novice

          Greetings TT,

          You are a simpleton who is trying to talk mechanically about history without grasping its content and understanding its patterns.

          Julius Caesar’s power was not ended by the people, rather he was assassinated by the parasites of the aristocracy. On the other hand, after he was killed, the ordinary people rioted and a Civil War ensued. The result was, of course, victory for Caesar’s side with his grand nephew Octavian (Augustus) becoming the first emperor. The rest is history.

          • T..T.

            Hi Music Novice,

            Don’t you see from our discussions that there are two different histories, one for regular people and the other for politicians. The common or regular history is a kind of descriptive history similar to a witness account or report. The political history focuses on political process, the causes of changes, including how dictators destroy a nation and its people, such as in the case of Isayas, how he obliterated the Eritrean people’s understanding about their historical fight for their righst and the goal of their revolution. Political history is used by politicians to define the future by studying the past.

            In the case of Julius Caesar, history characterized him by the changes in his relationship with the senate and the people in the period from January 26 to March 15 of 44 BC. Thus, the results of political history are continuous lessons on leaders and public actions, whereas the descriptive history is only a reflection of nonpolitical events. The descriptive history does not focus on historical facts that impact the politics of a country, such as political changes that reverse or advance the democracy of that country.

          • Music Novice

            Greetings TT,

            You are good at empty waffle.

  • Gogo

    Selamat Saay,

    True to brand, this piece is a meticulous and encyclopedic chronicle of the year 2015. It will remain a veritable reference for any serious student of Eritrea and its neighborhood. I assume this is the foretaste of your and it is already exciting. I must also say that the reach of your knowledge and determination with which you go after the minutest of details makes anyone with pretentions of interest feel a cipher.

    A little addition to your report of the government’s demolishing of houses in Adi Qeih: it was resisted by high school kids despite the life bullet fired at them and was halted for days until the cadres and military officers of the regime conducted a series of meetings where they warned and intimidated residents and additional reinforcement was sent to the town.

  • Abi

    Hi Saba
    Forget Assab. I have a better dream. Your diamond coffee!
    Abol jeba, bereka jeba…

  • Fanti Ghana

    Hello Sabina,

    We trust him or not depends whether that hand shake was warmer or colder than Chairman Arafat and Prime
    Minister Rabin’s.

    • Saba

      Hello Fanti,
      The guy was sweating, looking down and to the side to avoid eye contact and his head was tilted forward & bowed. PMMZ/PMHD had wide open eyes with a carrot and stick. Now you tell me.

      Dear Fanti, you are for peace until your “Mola moment”. You “broke my heart”, do not do it again.

      • Fanti Ghana

        Hello again Saba Shukor,

        • Saba

          Dear kubur Fanti, me too i like your seregela seytan but i can not up vote you:)

  • Nitricc

    Hey Saba; which guy are you talking about? “Here is a guy(ZeItNeGheR shimu)” I have no clue what you talking about.

    • Saba

      Hello Nitricc
      I have his name and a pic of the hand shake. The guy was with EPDP and may be now with Medrek, can’t catch up with such flip-flopping. I mention him because he is a typical example of the opposition. They tell us to forget what TPLF did and hug them instead with typical habesha hospitality. But so far no one is listening. The main reason for the opposition’s failure is because its leaders are TPLF puppets and most eritreans never accepted it. So my suggestion to ERI opposition leaders is either they should explain to us why we should depend on TPLF or they should try to rally the people and forget TPLF.

  • Nitricc

    Hey SAAY; it is a miscarriage of justice mentioning everything the year have to offer yet, to omit the great day for the greatly oppressed people of Oromo. Since you have omitted, let me have the honor to do the honorable thing.
    257) “Despite their numerical majority; the Oromos have felt marginalized and discriminated against by successive Ethiopian governments and have often felt unable to voice their concerns over government policies, then, protests brokes out in November in Ginci, a town about 50 miles west of Addis Ababa that will change everything.

    • saay7

      Hey Nitricc:

      You were speed-reading. Refer to 239 and 244 above.


    • Amde


      In honor of your new found passion for the Oromo cause, I have Oromized your name to Nitriccessa. At least for this column.


      • Nitricc

        hahahahah Amde; and what does it ” Nitriccessa” mean? lol. my friend, as they say, “no one is free when the others are oppressed.”

        • Amde


          It’s an old joke. Ask an Ethioian preferably older than 50.


  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear awate friends, ግለ ዶ ክንብል ?

    ውሽጡ ሕሩር ትብል ኣረጋሽ – ርግእቲ :-
    ክምስ ናይ ቆናኑ ሹርባ – ሰራሕቲ :-
    ግይጽ እወ ፍሽኽ – ብኽያቱ ኣብ ታሕቲ :-
    ኣብ ውሽጢ ልቢ እዩ – ንብዓት ተሳቐይቲ ::

    ዕላል የዕልሉኻ – ዛንታ ናይ ‘ቲ ዓሚ :-
    ሓቁ ሓቁ ድርጉሕ -ዝቀትል ከም ስሚ :-
    ቅኔ ወርቀ – ሰምዒ ዓው ኢልካ ትሓሚ :-
    ኣብ ቅሉዕ ኣብ ቅርዓት ገባቲ ይደሚ ::

    ኣሹንባይ ‘ቲ ጀግና – ተሃዋሲ ፍጡር :-
    እቲ ዒሉ ‘ኳ ኣብ ጎልጎል ዝነጥር :-
    ዝነገሰ ንጉሱ ምስ ንፋስ ዝቅየር :-
    ቆብ እዩ ዘብሎ ናይ ‘ዛ ዓንቀጽ ሚስጥር ::

    ዓመት ሲ ንነብሳ ክትብል ሓሊፋ ኢሎማ :-
    ከይዳ ታሪኽ ኮይና ግቡኣ ፈጺማ :-
    ከምዘይሕለፍ የለን ብዙሕ ተጸሚማ :-
    ቀዊዓ ብሓዘን – ብብኽያት ከሪማ ::

    ሻቡ ክመ’ቲ ልሙድ ዘረባ ትሰምዕ:-
    ትሕተ ቅርጻ ህነጽ መሬት ‘ውን ይለምዕ:-
    ሸርሕታት ናይ ዓለም ይግለጽ ይነትዕ:-
    ከም ድላይካ ምኽሳስ ምጽራፍ – ጠራዕራዕ::

    እዛ ዲሞክራሲ መን ኣሎ ዘይፈልጣ :-
    የማነ ኳ ተንቲኑ ብተግባር ይዓብጣ:-
    ጸዋቲ ተረኺቡ – ጸጸር ኣብ ገበጣ :-
    ትም ኢሉም ሰመዑ – ሰያብ ምስ መላጣ::

    መውልደ ነቢ ኳ ኮይኑ ፖሎቲካ :-
    መግለጺ ይወሃብ ኤስያስ ክመርሓካ :-
    … ይኸብር ይበዓል ጸሎት ውን ንሽሙ:-
    ….ፖሎቲካዊ መግለጺ ይወሃብ ቀዲሙ :-
    ….ፖሎቲካዊ መግለጺ ይወሃብ ተደጊሙ :-
    ….ህግደፍ ክመርሕ ብዓወት ተዛዚሙ ::

    ምርጫ ገይሩ ኢሎሞ መራሒ ህግደፍ :-
    ምርጫ ታሕተወት ስልጣኑ ከይትንከፍ :-
    መን ኮን እዩ መራጺ መን ከ ተመራጺ :-
    ተውሳኺቱ ሓፍሽ – ዕሙጽ ተዓማጺ ::

    ኣፍሪቃዊ ባንክ ይነኣድ ይሞገስ :-
    ሃገረይ ዘለቅሕ ህዝበይ ንኽግስግስ :-
    ቅድመ ኩነት ግዳ መንግስተይ ከይነግር :-
    ዝነግር ዘይብሉ ናይ ዕዳጋ ሚስጥር :-

    ብዓል በሽክለታ ጀግና ናይ ውድ ድር :-
    “እንታይ ኣህደመካ ካብ ዶብ ንኽት ሰግር” :-
    ….ኢሎም ዝሓተቱ ክፈልጡ ጉዳዩ ክምርምሩ :-
    ….በሽክልታ ስኢኑ እዩ ናብ ስደት በሪሩ ::
    ….ተመለስ ዓድኻ ምኽኒትካ ነይቅቡል :-
    ….ቁጠባ ኣይኮነን ንስደት ዘንቅል :-
    ….ኮይኑ እቲ መልሱ ናይ ቃላት ሾንኮለል :-
    ….ንሱ እዩ ትርፉ ንሓቂ ዘይተክል ::

  • Abi

    Hi Saba
    I can’t wait to taste the legendary Eritrean coffee at Tim Hortons. I’ve heard a lot about it. ☕️

    There was this very short and physically handicapped guy who used a very tall walking cane . His nickname was “Bic”. The cane he used was almost twice his height. Of course, we never used his nick when he was around.
    I hope you got the lame joke. If not find a Bic pen and see the symbol.

  • Haile WM

    Hi saba,

    after “seber zena” of past years, the new coinage is fantastic: “kalat selata”. this word to word translations could be our future, I am telling you without “word of world” (Kal Alem). anyway i will not vote for you because doing nothing is far worse than doing something bad, at least doing something is taking responsibility doing nothing reflects the nothingness you (or anybody) who does nothing.

  • Fanti Ghana

    Hello Brother Saay,

    My God, man. After skipping all the important ones, this what I read:

    43. Authorities in Israel found a loophole:..
    (My second laugh of the day.)

    78…. President Omar Al-Bashir did the only reasonable thing: he demanded that UNAMID leave Sudan.
    (That sounded like “had the Darfurians were all dead we wouldn’t be killing anyone. Welahi!)

    84. … most of the “Ethiopians” were, in fact, Eritreans.
    (Eritreans are Ethiopians; Ethiopians are Eritreans. You say timeto I say Tomato?)

    86. … immigrants should go packing.” Goodwill Zwelithini.
    (Could Zwelithini mean ‘shading’ by any chance; as in Goodwill Shading?)

    93…. they also agreed that there shouldn’t be “any foreign interference in Yemeni affairs.”
    (My third laugh of the day.)

    110. China named a full-time ambassador to the African Union.
    (I think you forgot to add “Hade beleley.”)

    126. …Abraham Negusse, was promoted to head its Immigration office at a time when there were over 40,000 Eritrean asylum-seekers in Israel. (I think there is an “opposites attract” karma at work here.)

    135. Zimbabwe’s president, Robert Mugabe…
    (May be he doesn’t remember he is the president any more; senility?)

    173. Professor Asmerom Legesse…
    (A drunk priest’s doctrine: Do what I say but not what I do.)

    234. … “Hanti tsbiqti article” he had written in 2013.
    (anKiH anKiH abilnayom malet diya?)

    235. … Eritrean artist Biniam Abraham…
    (What are you talking about, he is Ethiopian.)

    245. … what does Obama know.
    (I had a long ‘hateta’ on this one, but never mind.)

    246. …Sudan … our constitution violates our criminal code, so we win.
    (Stay tuned: Coming to a nation near you in Tigrigna.)

    250. … cheap PR.
    ( I wonder if he still walks around town with “no body guards.”)

    252. “Abyssinians! The Arabs are coming to Eritrea and taking your sea!”
    (Please don’t argue with experts. How many times do I have to say it?)

    253. Eritrean state media announced that President Isaias Afwerki would give his annual interview…
    (You are meaner than I thought. Why don’t you just post for us last year’s so we don’t have to wait?)

    Yesterday, March 13 about 4:30 PM PST, there was a nice chirawata (masinko) song that made my hours of torture watching Eri-TV worth it.

    • saay7

      His Fantiness:

      253. Eritrean state media announced that President Isaias Afwerki would give his annual interview…
      (You are meaner than I thought. Why don’t you just post for us last year’s so we don’t have to wait?)

      But I wrote a two-parter about it when you were absent without leave (AWOL) from Awate University and returned without a slip from the Dean. Refer to past editions of Al Nahda.

      And stop saying “All Eritreans are Ethiopians; and all Ethiopians are Eritreans” because whenever you say that you are giving Abi a stroke.


      • Fanti Ghana

        Selamat Saay,

        So, I was basically right; every year, it is same old same old. The two items that could have exonerated him, TPDM and Emirates in Asab, were shrugged off.

        Stroke? You mean I stumbled on one more weapon against my staunchest enemy? You are corrupting me, but thank you.

  • Eyob Medhane


    This is the best recap.. It really is. I was just trying to figure out what was missing, but sadly it seems all are in there.

    • Fanti Ghana

      Hello Eyoba,

      No! He missed two:

      178b. The Weyane financed opposition website,, celebrated its 15th birth day.

      256b. A prominent opposition figure, Sal Younis, resigned from leadership after he became suspected of his Ethiopian ancestry.

      What’s wrong with you?

      • Lamek

        Fanti, you are spoiling it for me. Remember I am going ‘akaida gobiye’ and crossing out 50 a day. Ok I am curious tell me what’s in 195, because I like that number.

        • Abi

          Hi Lamek
          195 introduced a walking, talking dictionary called Gheteb.
          Thanks AT.

        • Fanti Ghana

          Hello Lamek,

          I occasionally experience obsessive compulsive behavior. Today was one of those days. I came home, ate my pre-dinner, scrolled down to #127, and I just couldn’t stop. My phone rung two or three times, my door bell rung twice (I think one of them was by mistake), I was freezing in my own house because I didn’t remember the heater was off until I got down to #170 something. So, you see, it is not the uncaring me, but the unwell me that spoiled it for you.

          #195 is about a country that doesn’t border us, so don’t worry about it.

        • saay7

          Hey Lamek:

          50-a-day is all I ask, but nobody is going to mind if you read more.*

          On 195, don’t listen to His Fantiness: everything is related to us.

          195. Burundi was sanctioned by the European Union. Burundi’s foreign minister discovered his inner-PanAfrican and said “while his country believes in north-south cooperation, it does not believe in neo-colonialism, imperialism and domination of southern nations by the West.” Tell’em, neo-Sankara.

          Why I find this story relevant:

          (1) Burundi has a terrible history of civil war, between Hutus and Tutsis;
          (2) The president is half-Hutu and half-Tutsi, but that hasn’t stopped the warring factions, some based on Congo;
          (3) He lost all his siblings in all the civil wars and clashes of Burundi;
          (3) For most of the 2000s, President Nkurunzia was getting all sorts of recognition: honorary doctorates (for theology, after he called himself a “born again” Christian), Great Environmentalist, Peace Warrior (by the UN!), Model Leader, Rising Star of Africa (by India), Sports Model (despite the fact that he outlawed jogging in his country. True story);

          Then he was hit by the African King bug and he wanted to extend his rule. The African Union, which is trying to be more assertive, wanted to send “peace-keeping force” he said that violates Burundi’s sovereignty and he would treat it as invasion.

          Isn’t that the story of every African country?


      • Kokhob Selam

        Dear Fanti,
        Ha, ha, OMG ! Fantiye Please come with more.

  • Meda Ethiopia

    Don’t say YekeneLey to Y. GM.
    He would tell you AYedlenIn Eyu
    That is how he by him self liberated Nakfa from .abroad
    This time I would say Saay YekeneLey & he would say I don’t feel comfortable with nice words
    Now I would say thank you to my self & I would say kdefeNa Bejaka to my self
    Don’t ask me why I am thanking me, you & all of us

  • AMAN

    Dear belay
    1. I do not care about English Language or command of it.
    I am not an Englishman but an Eritrean Habesha.
    2. “You are different”.
    Yes I know it. But we all are here to make a difference ! not to
    just conform or be indifferent. Especially, at times of crisis like
    this in our region.
    3. Bashing TPLF ?
    Yes TPLF was the cause of all this crisis and time and again
    has admitted it more than once and also you can see it from
    the size and type of opposition to it both in Eritrea and Ethiopia
    unless they are lying or seized with fear to say .
    Do you want me how many times is PMHD apologizing to the public.
    4. ” you write going around the bushes but nothing ….” ?
    So what is that you wanted to be said and written ?
    Either tell us , say it and write it . Or do not discourage others who do it .

  • Hayat Adem

    Hi Saay,
    This is incredible pool of chronicling. But not just that, the analyses inbuilt in each chronicling is so potent. And the humors, and the inclusiveness, and the contexts within the region and beyond…Hayat

  • Lamek

    Selam all:

    I am going to have to conclude now that this man has staff working for him, a dozen easily. Maybe a secret think tank. I read through 30 and thought, “I can’t believe this is going to 40.” I hit control end and I saw 2 hundred some odd. How does one individual produce this much work, all the articles and super lengthy well researched comments? ezi n beynu aykonen. A project for asmelash – saay menyu, tehababertu ke baal men eyom.

    • Fanti Ghana

      Hello Lamek,

      “…saay menyu, tehababertu ke baal men eyom.” You gave me my first laugh of the day.
      I stopped on #128 for now, and God willing, I will read some more when I get home.

      • Lamek

        Fanti, I am going 50 per day. That is as much as I can handle. So first laugh of the day at this site or altogether? There is little laughing matter here for sure. But I recommend you read Gheteb. I just find his writings incredibly funny. Not laughable mind you but I just find super subtle humor there. ኣባ ጓይላ ክትዕ. Pseudologia Fantastica A La The Denizens Of Planeta Abyssinicus. Trust me, if you read him more, you will eventually laugh and you will not stop. I am following the case study, on subject CS (Amde).

  • Peace!

    Dear Saba,

    Yap! no story to write, embarrassing!

    The Ethio-based opposition groups are hopefully waking up from hallucinating and running for their safety as things are dramatically changing. Nothing to offer, NADA!


    • Haile WM

      Hi peace,

      you really are obsessed by the Ethio-based opposition, but i believe Eritrean opposition is all over the world starting from the USA Europe and Africa. have you ever considered joining one of them ? or your only concern are those based in ethio ? maybe you don’t oppose PFDJ for fear of being associated to ethio based Oppo ? i would like to ask saba what has she done other than reacting to DIA anyways ? as always we Eritreans are good at pointing out the mistakes of others rather than being responsible for anything.

      • Peace!

        Selma Hailuwa,

        I think criticizing the opposition groups for not being productive for the last twenty years is obviously legitimate and constructive. Why don’t you try to address that instead of trying hard to make counter personal criticism! Or, does it matter who criticizes whether he or she is pro PFDJ, pro Justice, or Silent? Your guess on my personal thinking is obviously irrelevant. By the way who is giving nai tekawami ID?

        Yes, meaningful change will not come from ETHIOPIA. I only watch “White Chicks” movie only when I feel laughing.


        • Haile WM

          Selam aba selama,

          my point not being personal criticism but a general pattern i see in eritrean opposition. We are not constructive at all, all I see is bashing this opposition and that movement. Besides you are here to express your opinion as we all here, but it matters who is criticizing, a Pro PFDJ criticizing opposition for example is simply nonsensical because there is no eritrean opposition for them. A weyane criticizing opposition is nonsensical because it’s none of their business. the only one entitled to oppose and constructively criticize the opposition is the opposition it’s self, all other are self serving for their agenda.
          Your personal believe is irrelevant I know, but i suppose you re here because of your personal believes -:) i suppose also you are here in this forum so that your personal believes become relevant…

          when ever i see the opposition fighting each other with more energy rather than fighting the common enemy I think of “life of Brian” and the scene where they differentiate them selves from other liberation movements

          • Peace!

            Selam Hailuwa,

            I don’t agree with your assertion that we are not constructive at all. I believe all, if not most, major weakness of the opposition groups have been debated and discussed, but nothing has changed. Doing same thing over and over for over fifteen years, coupled with emerging new opposition group every now and then, only indicates there is an absence of clear vision and direction. And in addition to that the opposition camp itself harbors ideas and people worst than PFDJ too, perhaps that could be the reason why majority Eritreans are in fact silent or fleeing the country and settle somewhere else. What I am trying to say is bashing the opposition groups is nothing comparing to their miserably failur. People are frustrating not because PFDJ is too brutal, but because the opposition groups are too weak, too incompetent, and too irresponsible, of course that doesn’t mean all the opposition groups, but besenki Nekux yeneded R’hus.

            The other thing is, which I do not agree, that Ethiopian issue should be left to Ethiopians. First of all I do not believe TPLF was interested on stable and democratic Eritrea till the brave Oromo youth put the rope around its neck and forcing to look for a backdoor. It is also true that it has not been a reliable partner to most opposition groups; in fact, it contributes to divisions within the camp in the hope to manipulate a “yes man” group.


          • Haile WM

            Hi peace,
            if one keeps on doing the same and keeps failing means he is not too clever to change maybe strategy. If the opposition has failed in the past 15 years means they being repeating the same shit over and over and just keep failing again and again.
            as you put it the absence of clear vision and direction is the main reason one of the manifestation of such absence of vision is the fight between the opposition itself. the main job of PFDJ is done by the opposition itself.

            TPLF fate is out of our hands it’s on the hands of ethiopians. if we have a stable eritrea we can face whatever comes south of the mereb, but we need unity first of all in facing PFDJ make the eritrea we all dream about. At this point i believe we are so fragmented that some of us belive TPLF should not mess with eritrean matters some of the opposition believe and invite TPLF to our home. How can we even defend from TPLF aggression at this very moment ?

    • Saba

      Hi Peace
      Almost 18 years and no result, it is embarrassing but also sad. There is NO credible Eritrean opposition party after all this DIA weaknesses. I think the main problem is in the leaders but the regular members enable them too and justify their worthlessness. What is the definition of insanity? Being TPLF puppet over and over again hoping a democratic Eritrea:)

  • ‘Gheteb

    Word Salad (ቃል ሰላጣ)? Cripes and Gosh Darn It ! What Does That Term Mean?

    Just below this post Saba wrote that….

    ” To add to the kalat selata article, i can be a better president than DIA…. “.

    Now what in God’s green Earth does ” kalat selata” ( ቃላት ሰላጣ ) or Word Salad ( ቃል ሰላጣ ), to be precise, mean ?

    word salad

    a confused or unintelligible mixture of seemingly random words and phrases, specifically (in psychiatry) as a form of speech indicative of advanced schizophrenia or is used to describe a symptom of a neurological or mental disorder.

    ” In February 2015, American media outlet Fox News described President Barack Obama’s official National Security Strategy as a “word salad”, suggesting that the document was incoherent or nonsensical.The previous month, the Seattle, Washington alternative weekly newspaper The Stranger described a speech by former Alaska governor Sarah Palin at a Republican Party gathering as a “word salad”, meaning a nonsensical rant”.

    • Haile WM

      hi there,

      does the “kalat selata” ( ቃላት ሰላጣ ) or Word Salad ( ቃል ሰላጣ )” apply to Cromwellian era vocabulary ? I really wonder auto-referential loophole might affect you this time 🙂

  • Amde


    I think this interesting piece needs perhaps a three point addition. A summary of trends. A least likely, most likely extrapolation for 2016 – we are way beyond mid quarter of Q1 2016 as we speak. An overarching theme of some kind.

    What sayeth thou?


    • saay7

      Selam Amde:

      Extrapolation is “crowd-sourced” and is an Awate University project. I expect you to co-lead that project, of course, as one of our esteemed graduates.

      Remember when Eyob and I had a mini-argument, with me expressing my skepticism that the Ethiopian Human Rights Council would come up with a truly independent report on the massacre in Oromia and Eyob telling us to be patient? Well, AP did a report yesterday, previewing what the Ethiopian Human Rights Council will report and I was genuinely (pleasantly) surprised.

      Meanwhile, the same week, it was revealed that some dummy Ethiopian court embarrassed us (Africans) when it ruled against a rape victim by saying “only a virgin could be raped and the victim could not prove that she was a virgin at the time.” She was 13. The victim went to the African Commission on Human and People’s Rights and, 12 years later, she won 150,000.

      So, no forecasting; just extrapolating…cautiously:)

      And I chose 256 because its square root is 16, as in Sweet Sixteen and Eritrea is twice as sweet*


      * completely made up; the number was random. I don’t want the numerologists to go all Nancy Reagan on me, RIP

      • Eyob Medhane


        “Massacre in Oromia”…hyperbole much?… In any case, what I was surprised about that AP report was 1) The title found “rape” where there was no such thing in the news article itself. It shows me the obsession of the ferenj with accusing anyone that they want to drag their reputation with screaming “rape”, even when their own story doesn’t say anything that sort. They do it, because of force of habit. 2) The boldness of the HR Council of Ethiopia, especially after it’s last report,mourning the election that says “no major malpractice, during the may election”. 3) The silence of HRW, the George Soros thugs. It seems they were so upset that they rug was pulled under their feet and someone stole their thunder. Their accusation of Ethiopia that that “there are no independent institutions that investigate such things, so we should be allowed to be there” bites a dust with this report.

        About the African Human Rights Court judgment, well. They always are against us anyway. 🙂 Remember? They relocated themselves from Addis to Gambia in 2005, because they “supported” Qinjit at the time.. 🙂 If they were not all against us, how could they find anything wrong with a judgment of the Ethiopian court that was so “perfect” that says a 13 year old girl couldn’t prove her virginity? That is a very…..what do you call,….matured 7th century antic ruling..They should be ashamed of themselves. The government should appeal..(Which they declined to appeal, by the way)….

        • saay7

          Hi Eyob:

          I did not understand your para 2. Could you please re-write it and insert the appropriate number of emojis? And, if possible, correct the story as reported by BBC, if it has a mistake? What BBC says is that a 13 year old girl was violated and the Ethiopian court found that (a) the definition of rape applies only to virgins and (b) the girl can’t prove she was a virgin at 13 and therefore (c) her claim is dismissed. Institutions like the African Human Rights exist as a form of appeal to Africans when the courts of their own countries either refuse to acknowledge a crime or rule in “7th century” way. For example, the ONLY reason that the Gov of Eritrea ever even acknowledged that the G-15 are in prison is because one stubborn Eritrean, Mussie Ephrem (along with Dutch international lawyer Dr Liesbeth Zegveld) filed a case against the African Commission and won.


          • Eyob Medhane


            I told you…the court ruling was “perfect” for…not even 7th but may be 4th century. What this African Human Rights Court did not understand is that such rules are “historic” they have some antic relic value..They are tourist attractions.. (Mentally sick tourists)…Ahhhhhh…don’t get me started…

            The Good news…

            1) The Ethiopian government already said that it will not challenge or question the ruling..

            2) The law has been changed, since. (Watch the motion picture, Difret)

  • Ted

    Hi Saay, Thank you, it is interesting how a lot has been done and said, nothing has changed a bit. Can you try with what has been done in the opposition camp, of course, it is out of the hood in Canada and France. It is tall order, forget it;-)
    “In technology, Eritrea is left way behind. It is ok: it’s not one of the MDGs.’ classic.
    The unease of Er TV interviewers with IA is all natural, what you see is what you get. There is no lovey dovey arrangement as you see RT interviewing Putin, Fox news doing it with George Bush and the most unnatural and uncomfortable ETV interviewing PMHD and the late Meles. Deki Eri’s face says it all “Help me”, in a sense, it shows we are not fake;-)
    Eritrea is not for sale. True!!!!through and through, then again what ? “terrorism”? OK then, if only the bipolar US is OK with it. Now Let’s talk about money. Fighting terrorism alongside US and getting payed. It is like having the cake and eating it too..
    I like to think differently about Cohen, i think he doesn’t give a hoot who lead Eritrean be it IA or someone from Mars but he is nothing but all about “Arabs eating Ethiopian lunch” .
    Thanks again.

  • dawit

    Dear Saay
    I noticed recently you criticize PIA for not attending African and UN meetings instead he sends his Foreign Minister and his chaperon. Don’t you think PIA deserve a little credit for missing those binge drinking parties of the African baboons and stay at home digging dams?. PIA was doing his home-work and Eritrea tricked El Niño At least in 2016 he is not going every where begging for bags of corn.

    • saay7

      Selamat Dawit:

      Before I get to that, I was thinking about you and our conversation last week when I read this:

      “God called King David a man after God’s own heart even though he was an adulterer and a murderer,” Falwell said. “You have to choose the leader that would make the best king or president and not necessarily someone who would be a good pastor.

      That was Jerry Falwell, this week, explaining his support for Trump. You see, is widely read and they are always copying what we say:)

      Now, about Eritrea’s King David. Well, let me let you in on a secret, about the opposition. You see we are a big tent with different views and many schools of thought (Tes can tell you more about it.) I never spend an ounce of energy arguing whether PFDJ has legitimacy to govern or Isaias has legitimacy to be President; instead, I try to argue: ok, now that PFDJ is the sole legal party in Eritrea, and Isaias is the self-proclaimed President, how are they doing?

      What is the job description of a president? If we borrow a generic one, it is to serve as Head of State, Chief Executive, Chief Administrator, Chief Diplomat, Chief Legislator, Chief of Ruling Party, and Commander-in-Chief and lastly Chief Citizen. If you and I were in an Evalution Committee, I would give him an F, D, C, F, F, C, F, F on all his roles (respectively.)

      As Chief of Ruling Party, one of his roles is to speak with decorum so that his followers will copy him, instead of calling Africans “baboons” and calling their fellow citizens “leHasti biyati”, etc, etc.


  • Haile WM

    selamat all

    PFDJ is holding power with iron fist

    …meanwhile PFDJ supporters in the west are hoping TPLF will collapse soon … I am not a big fan of TPLF, but I seriously ca’t understand how is that going to help PFDJ or Eritrea to that matter. Let me assume some scenarios ethiopia vs PFDJ after the supposed soon to come demise of TPLF,

    scenario 1 ethiopia succesfully transition to democratic country, the PFDJ supporters make guaila parties and then will ask the newly democratic government to hand over badme? and guess what ?? badme would be handed to PFDJ (very unlikely scenario)

    scenario 2 ethiopia goes fragmented and finally PFDJ have a chance to face Tigray kilil “Ras b ras” in asmarino style fight to get badme back and, accidentally, restore the rights to of the Oromo people as collateral effect. (unlikely scenario) badme is back all is good (fragmented ethiopia never poses a threat to eritrea right ?? )

    scenario 3 ethiopia get an even worse regime dominated by those who believe assab is part of etiopia (even eritrea to that matter) and rejects the Algeri agreements as it doesn’t recognize TPLF made agreements (some how likely scenario)

    scenario 4 ethiopia gets a trasitional government who hands over badme to PFDJ and offer apology for the inconvenience created by the stubborn TPLF ( highly unlikely scenario)

    scenario 5 ethiopia gets a normally African government with a dictator, who start questioning eritrean independence and the port of asseb and will demand that badme should be part of the negotiation to hand over badme.(very lkely and very similar to TPLF)

    other scenarios…. very hardly I can see in realistic terms how the demise of TPLF would help PFDJ as the PFDJ foot soldiers are here to tell us, and obviuosly TPLF will collapse soon not the PFDJ.

    • Nitricc

      Hi Haile WM; your toothless scenarios aside; as much as I hate the TPLF and I can’t wait for this evil organization to it go; Not now! Not this way! TPLF has to manage to stay a little longer till things comedown. However; TPLF has to go now and this way; then Eritrea not only gains nothing but damage to Eritrea and the effect for all horn of Africa will be catastrophic.

      • Amde


        Why do you care?

        So you want TPLF to stay in power, but just weakened enough that it will fall helplessly into WediAfom loving embrace, so loving an embrace TPLF will say yessir to everything he requests.

        That is your ideal scenario?
        Is this your likely scenario?


        • Nitricc

          Hi Amde; I got to care because when your house to catch on fire; I have to protect my house from catching your fire. So, I want the TPLF out of power and dead but how? This organization called TPLF is very, very, very, very irresponsible entity. Since they made their money; they care less what goes down. So, I need well organized; united Ethiopian opposition front at hand before TPLF goes down in violent, unorganized and a sudden death. I am not excepting a smooth transition but I want well united opposition to fill the gap that will be created by TPLF’s death.

      • Haile WM

        hi Nitricc senan*,

        as always you contradict yourself in a matter of seconds and in the same sentence too 🙂 but it’s fine, it shows you have not a clear understanding of what you saying, for example you say “TPLF has to manage to stay a little longer till things comedown.” and then right afet you say “TPLF has to go now and this way” this is contradiction 🙂 but it’s ok what ever you want to say it’s not up to me or you the demise of TPLF.
        However i can’t really understand if as you say “Eritrea not only gains nothing but damage to Eritrea and the effect for all horn of Africa will be catastrophic” this seems even stranger, you want the demise of TPLF knowing it would be catastrophic to the horn (this includes eritrea right? ) i can see you really are confused.

        *the opposite of toothless is “senan”… from now on i will refer to you as “senan”

        • Nitricc

          Hi Haile MW; you will never catch me contradicting my self. now, think this way…….
          The Ethiopians are complaining for hosting too many Eritreans and for opening to many refugee comps in Tigray. If that is not enough Addis is run over by number of Eritreans. Well, if that is true and it is true; but there isn’t even a war or any conflict in Eritrea but the Eritreans are running to Ethiopian in doves. Why? Okay sunshine; think what will happen when there is fragmentation; conflict and civil war in Ethiopia? How many Ethiopians do you think will run in to Eritrea to flee the conflict? More precisely; How many Tigryans do you think will run in to Eritrea when the Oromo is chasing them to cut their heads off? At times it is beneficiary to think beyond your nose.

          • Haile WM

            hi Nitricc

            so when eritrean run from your PFDJ to ethiopia is all good while ethiopians running to eritrea is not good ? i mean how narrow is your thinking my fellow young man. ethiopia still hosts a very large community of eritreans who happens to live there for generations now, besides those who now leave PFDJ dominated eritrea and they are in droves. you are ok with that… i am flabbergasted by such opportunism.

            I suppose you are too young and dumb to even understand what the matter of fact is or how history have being in eritrea or ethiopia, firstly tigryans came to eritrea even before derg or TPLF and nobody was having problems they lived and multiplied in peace and harmony, what would be the problem if all of tigray comes to eritrea this time ? Ask Iseyas Afwerki for reference about tigray presence in eritrea he will tell you (maybe) his family history 🙂

            Its bizarre of you saying “think beyond your nose” my friend you don’t even know where your nose starts and finishes let alone think beyond what is unknown. thinking beyond your nose for you is like exploring terra incognita, where there would be monsters and dragons.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Haile; I told you to think beyond your nose to no avail.
            “so when eritrean run from your PFDJ to ethiopia is all good while ethiopians running to eritrea is not good ?
            First; when Eritreans go to Ethiopia because they are cowards, opportunist and down right greedy. If not, why would they go to the country where they fought to separate? If you ask me, if I was an Ethiopian; I will detain all and deport their behind to where they came from. You can have it both ways; the end if the story. I know; you are all that but you could have understood that running from anywhere to everywhere is never good. STAY-HOME! The Ethiopian stay where he/she belongs and the Eritrean will do the same.

            “ i mean how narrow is your thinking my fellow young man. ethiopia still hosts a very large community of eritreans who happens to live there for generations now”

            NO; No they don’t! the evil TPLF cleanse that long before when he deported Eritreans from Ethiopia because he didn’t like the color of their eyes. Stop misleading people.

            “I suppose you are too young and dumb to even understand what the matter of fact is or how history have being in eritrea or ethiopia, firstly tigryans came to eritrea even before derg or TPLF and nobody was having problems they lived and multiplied in peace and harmony, what would be the problem if all of tigray comes to eritrea this time ? Ask Iseyas Afwerki for reference about tigray presence in eritrea he will tell you (maybe) his family history :-)”
            Nice try; go tell that to Hayat; she will believe you. Harmony my foot! Stop this kind of bull crap; no one will believe you. They have their country and Eritreans have their own. Don’t be too hypocritical.
            No Eritrean will pay for TPLF crimes against Ethiopians; NO-ONE!

          • Haile WM

            Hi nitricc,

            you didn’t do your homework properly. how many eritrean lived in ethiopia before 1998 ? close to half a million, how many the TPLF expelled in 1998-2000? 60.000 now do the maths… I can lend you a calculator if you need it.

            besides you have the temerity to label eritreans “they are cowards, opportunist and down right greedy” but let me ask you my little boy where are you? are you in sawa defending your country ? have you ever done something to eritrea besides staying in USA and brag about PFDJ? you are even greedier than the average because you are taking credit for what others brought you: a free country.
            You are just a spoiled brat who never had to fight for nothing real let alone fight for eritrea, but you have the temerity to tell me eritreans are cowards just because they run from that hell created by PFDJ. Show me some courage go to Sawa have your military training and then we can be on talking grounds.
            I don’t like talking to the kinds of you. You are here to take credit for others, the same others who fought hard in order that you can have a free country and an independent mind. You far from having an independent mind you get abusive of your fellow Eritreans just like PFDJ, yet you never ever gave a single day of your life to eritrea, nice try bimbo, bragging from a computer in a western country and call others opportunists. Hangel becH

          • Nitricc

            Hi Haile I understand your panic. You are distressed about your Weyane’s last days. Trust me; I don’t want them to die at this moment either but it is what it is; your greedy TPLF wake up a sleeping giant; the Oromo. Once again just to reaffirm by take; Eritreans are greedy, coward, stupid and disgraced who goes to Ethiopia to be bend by your master TPLF. I understand sometimes you need to get out and that is fine, GO, go to Sudan, Egypt, Uganda; I don’t care but No self-respecting Eritrean should go to your Weyane-Ethiopia. NO! Regarding me, no worries take care about your self. Things are different from your hay days; the rule of engagement has changed. so, good luck with your bitching and get this Eritrea and Ethiopia are two countries that will never be one. Deal with it. if wasn’t for your corrupted thinking one person, one life and individual shouldn’t go what tenth of thousands Eritreans went through. For 60K people are nothing; right?
            Wetru-Awat -N’hafash!

          • Haile WM

            hi nitricc,

            you really dumb ha ? you never understand because your limited abilities in thinking is quite debilitating for you. For you is either all is PFDJ or else is TPLF. that is your idiotic world and i know your limitation because essentially you are a kid that has grown up in the west and have a distorted view of the things that are miles away from you. I really Despise PFDJ and equally i despise TPLF but the one i really can’t stand is dumb people like you. you really think Eritrea is PFDJ and Ethiopia is TPLF and if one is not PFDJ stooge must be TPLF cadre 🙂 how a limited ass you must be

            brave people are those who got eritrean independence not your talkative idiocy. Just enjoy what people gave you in a golden plate and keep labaling them TPLF… it will make less miserable for being an american kid 😀
            I have lived through PFDJ and also sow TPLF and they are the two faces of the same coin, labeling me as TPLF well… people like you once a stooge will be always a stooge

          • Nitricc

            Hi Haile; i feel your pain but for the recored but one thing you stated the truth is that it is the very truth is that it is true i am dumb; true, but what does make you though? i am EPLF yesterday; i am EPLF today and i am EPLF tomorrow EPLF. do me a FV that i am all that to your masters, the TPLF. long live EPLF, long live PIA and long live PFDJ. I am Eritrean and i will die Eritrean.
            like we say; wetru awat n-hafash.

        • FishMilk

          Hi Haile WM. Are you the same person that 3 years ago said to Nitricc ‘you want the demise of TPLF knowing it would be catastrophic to the horn (this includes eritrea right?’. Rikki I’ve got your number!

          • Haile WM

            hey TsebaAsa,
            Bingo! it is me 🙂 and if you don’t understand the sentence let me break it down to you:
            I was pointing the contradictory nature of the comment from Nitricc (it’s OK i feel you buddy… try to re-read it again and again to understand it properly)

            now that you have my number and addressing me like a female, call me, we can have a date 🙂

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hailat-WM,

            When this nameless coward says “Rikki I’ve got your number!” is he in an attempt to intimidate you? O’man! I am laughing. This is part of the EPLF/PFDJ culture, and that is how they kept our populace in psychological and physical prisons. አይገርመካን?

          • Haile WM

            selamat Emma,

            I know how they operate 🙂 ክንደይ ዐቀብ ዘይጠረጥናሉ በለት ኣድጊ

          • FishMilk

            Hi Haile WM. Absolutely no threat was intended. I am sorry if you took it otherwise. Rather, I sarcastically extracted words from the old Steely Dan Song ‘Rikki don’t lose that number’ to infer that I know who you are in terms of line of thought.

          • Haile WM

            Hey FM,
            let alone understanding my line of thoughts, you can’t even understand what i wrote in a paragraph… but it’s ok buddy whatever makes you happy.
            PS understanding seems you Achilles’ heel, even in simpleton songs 🙂

  • tes

    Dear Saay7,

    My honour is for you. Can I say more? No, just thank you. This is a great service to the justice seeking camp.


    • Nitricc

      Hi Tes; how is SSAY to be honored while time after time you labeled him to be the worst chauvinistic in forum? Now, did you where the word bi-polar came to exist?
      .*******SAAY Too much work for you; though, wow!

  • Amde


    It’s a good drinking game…256 bottles of beer on the wall..

    I bet 2016 will be remembered for beer bottle 254. Otherwise, more of the same.

    244 will leave a scar… an itch the post 254 will have to handle.


  • AMAN

    Dear Awates,
    Greetings first
    Looking back and forward,
    I do not understand it at all why many of the people
    were opposing my views and ideas. I see no reason
    for them to have opposed it and make me stand alone
    or isolated from the masses.
    What was the reason that I am punished and silenced
    if I may ask ?

  • Abi

    Hi Saay
    Looks like ” Boys in the Hood ” ( Cuba Guding) all over again. Nothing seems to be working right in the hood.

  • Semere Andom

    Oh, Sal;
    Now, we do not need to remember events that happened in Eritrea and its hood. First I thought the title was Eritrea under the hood;-)
    But reading this piece I remembered the periodic table, when an element was discovered and was tabulated on the P. table, they knew that there is an other undiscovered element before this element so they left the space. So you should have documented the daily screw ups and if you did not know what happened on that date, you should have skipped it, knowing that you will find out what it the blunder on that date in the future, this way the pattern would emerge.
    By the way speaking of the periodic table, I am thinking to write hanti tsbqti article about the periodic table, what you think?

  • dawit

    Well Cousin
    it was a bit long and okay coverage of year old events as observed by the opposition ‘in
    the hood’* You may need to make minor correction about the title present title of PMHD of
    Ethiopia, “was re-elected president with 100% of the votes”. I think Ethiopiahas only one president and many Kilil mini presidents.

    • T..T.

      Hi dawit,

      You sound like you were born to hate Eritrea and Eritreans.

      -When the TPLF stood and fought for concession to independence of Eritrea, you joined those Ethiopian forces that were fighting to defeat the TPLF’s concession to a free Eritrea.

      -When Isayas locked the G-15, muzzled all papers that were whispering (not expressing enough) the opposing views and imposed himself as the King, you were the first to believe in Isayas’s political superstition of “Isu Nihna, Nihna Isu.”

      -When the Ethiopian provinces, following the departure of Eritrea, made peaceful demands for political autonomy and the TPLF responded by granting them higher status of “Kilil” (federal states), you started praying day and night for the Kilils to turn against each other. Again, your hate of Eritrea and the Eritreans is pushing you to create disputes and conflicts with their neighboring countries.

      -What you missing by your non-participation in the long Eritrean violent struggle for independence that use of force to remove the tyrant can similarly be enormously costly. The only means to avoid such costly actions is believed to be surgical removal(s), which, as you see, with more support it cannot be wished away for the alternative is civil war.

      • dawit

        10+ million Ethiopians are in the brink of starvation as I am writing reply to your insult. The whole world is worried about the situation, major news outlet are writing about the urgent need trying to collect enough food to feed the drought victims. And here you talking about ‘dawit hate his people! I don’t know what kind of mental sickness you have! Honestly you are consumed with hate you need medical help. Next time I will not respond to your crazy hate agendas.

  • Bereket

    .. selam all, just wondering — how long did it took you to compile all this. I
    guess I would say you are better of writing a short story book. Do you think?