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The Waning Days of Tyrannical Rule in Eritrea

The peace accord that Eritrea and Ethiopia signed in July 2018 and attendant normalization of their relations had promised a new era of peace, cooperation and progress for the Horn-of-Africa region. Many in the international community believed that this breakthrough agreement will induce the Eritrean government to break out of isolation, reintegrate the country into the global family of nations and kindle its diplomatic engagement in the region and beyond. Indeed, those very changes were pretty much what had initially seemed to be happening, albeit only fleetingly.

The bold reforms that the new Ethiopian leader, Abiy Ahmed introduced in his country’s domestic and foreign policies had thrown the region into a frenzy of diplomatic activities aimed at promoting regional ‘integration and unity’. Launched with levels of zeal and showmanship that verged on theatrics, the diplomatic campaign aroused the interest of even Eritrea’s reclusive dictator, Isaias Afewerki. Driven largely by his egotistical ambition and whimsical mood, he indulged in diplomatic extravaganza of summit meetings, state visits, formal agreements and declarations involving some Horn nations and his Arab patrons in the Gulf Cooperation Council.

However, despite all the hoopla that surrounded what some had nostalgically dubbed the ‘reawakening of Pan-Africanism,’ the phenomenon was fated to be transitory. True to the haste, emotionalism and overzealousness of the campaign’s newfound champions, the regional diplomatic fervor could last but a few months before finally running aground. Having thus been denied a regional platform for self-aggrandisement, Eritrea’s dictator retreated into his shell and reverted to his usual antagonistic ways. Last month, he came out of seclusion and suddenly traveled to Ethiopia on the heels of his short visit to the UAE. Although the purpose of (and motivation for) the former remains unknown, the trip is not expected to substantially alter the bilateral political equation.

Isaias Afewerki’s retrogression following the regional-diplomacy mania dashed the expectations of the international community worse, the hopes and aspirations of the Eritrean people for long-awaited domestic reforms. But it also marked the onset of the regime’s downward spiral toward its inevitable demise which, as outlined herein, is indicated by recent developments. 

Eritrean Regime’s Early History

The significance of the role the Eritrean regime played in the brief episode of regional reconciliation in the Horn would be better appreciated if viewed within the context of the regime’s early history. In general, this history was shaped by decisions and actions that were:

(a) characterized as hasty and arbitrary, not judicious and logical;

(b) instigated by the whims of a despotic leader, not by consultative and deliberative processes involving people’s representatives and governance institutions;

(c) driven by bias and vindictiveness, not by rational thinking, fact-based analysis and due consideration of potential consequences; and

(d) designed to serve personal ambition and egotism, not national interest and statesmanship.

Soon after Eritrea’s de jure independence in 1993, its new leader came out swinging with angry public accusations against the AU and the UN for historical injustices they perpetrated against Eritrean aspirations for self-determination. The country’s long-term national interests would have been better served if these legitimate grievances were, instead, pursued through appropriate legal and diplomatic processes. But arbitrary and single-handed as it was, the act of heaping vitriolic condemnation on these organizations only served to set the tone for the acrimonious relationship the regime was to have with the outside world over the decades that followed.

A. Lack of Skill-and-Will to Weaponize Diplomacy

A remarkable feature of the Eritrean regime’s 28-year rule is its record of having engaged in military conflicts with all of the country’s four land/maritime neighbors during its first 17 years in power. Analyses on how and why these conflicts occurred and attributions of responsibility for them are beyond the scope of this article. More pertinent to the discussion here is the fact that all of these conflicts would have been averted had political acumen, diplomatic skills and foresight been brought to bear upon the circumstances that led to those conflagrations.

Sadly, the regime was devoid of these qualities and, instead, handled relations/conflicts using a modus operandi fraught with arrogance, rigidity and vindictiveness. Even in the years that followed its last military adventure, it has been known for its relentless hostile rhetoric against Western powers, multilateral organizations and financial institutions as well as neighboring states. The international community countered these elements of vexatious behavior by imposing sanctions and other measures intended to isolate and contain the regime though some ended up hurting the population as well.

B. New Opportunities and Challenges

The peace deal with Ethiopia finally provided the Eritrean regime a way out of the dire politico-diplomatic straits it had found itself in for the past two decades. This afforded its leaders a chance to rehabilitate themselves and warm up to the principle of resolving disputes through negotiation and arbitration. The deal was a political breakthrough that also was to put to the test the regime’s will to conform with international norms and standards of behavior.

The end of the Eritrea-Ethiopia conflict did bring some tangible political dividends to the region. In its wake, UN-imposed sanctions on Eritrea were lifted after having remained in place for the preceding nine years. There was also easing of tensions that heretofore marked the country’s relations with Somalia, Djibouti and Kenya. In consequence, Eritrea’s president was able to sign a cooperation agreement, open doors for dialogue and exchange state visits, respectively with leaders of those countries. These gains made possible by intense diplomatic efforts of the Ethiopian government also carried the added value of creating an enabling political environment for regional reconciliation. In particular, they afforded Eritrea’s leaders an opportunity to reevaluate their approach to international relations and embrace dialogue and compromise as key instruments of foreign policy.

C. Relapse into Old Habits

The foregoing developments had engendered in the region public sentiments that favored promoting reconciliation, consolidating peace and fostering economic cooperation among nations. At first, Eritrea’s president exhibited uncharacteristic enthusiasm for these prospects: He reached out to other leaders and sought to project lofty regional goals as motives for his newfound diplomatic activism. Nevertheless, his actions and pronouncements during this period betrayed the opportunistic and self-centered nature of his agenda.

Many felt uneasy with the unscrupulous and egotistical manner in which he went about it. It was particularly troubling to see him singlehandedly and arbitrarily committing his nation to secret bilateral/trilateral ”agreements” bereft of the consent of the people and participation of institutions of his own government. Having been predicated on these willful transgressions and wicked manipulations, therefore, Isaias Afewerki’s diplomatic campaign was doomed to be short-lived and to end as frivolously as it had begun.

The Regime’s Raison D’être

It is often said that “nothing under the Sun is immune to changes wrought by the passage of time.” However, in seeming defiance of this adage, Eritrea’s tyrannical rulers have, over the course of three decades, preserved intact the two qualities that define the essence of their mission in life: cruelty at home and belligerence abroad.

On the home front, oppression, subjugation and poverty have been the staples of life in the country for well over 20 years. Adolescents of high-school age continue to be press-ganged into indefinite military service in their thousands each year; citizens who call for justice and democracy continue to be thrown into dungeons never to be heard from again. The Eritrean government busily expands its network of hellish prisons at an alarming pace while stagnation and decay dominate every other aspect of life in the nation.

In foreign affairs, the government is bent on taking rejectionist, confrontational and/or isolationist stances on issues — a propensity that has changed little over the last three decades. PM Abiy Ahmed had exerted considerable effort at IGAD to bring the regime in from the cold. Despite this and a year after its reconciliation with some states in the region Eritrea’s government has yet to return to the fold and engage in the organization’s efforts on such issues as regional security, resolution of intra- and inter-state conflicts, etc.

Eritrean government’s standing in the AU is equally precarious. Recently, Eritrea became the only holdout nation that has refused to sign the AU-sponsored African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA) casting itself as the odd man out in a continent of 55 nations. Two months previously, the regime had arrogantly exhorted the AU to ”refrain from internationalizing and exacerbating” the political crisis in the Sudan; and, while at it, lambasted the organization for its “inherent flaws”, past failings and ironically for its unreformability! This happened while Isaias Afewerki unsuccessfully tried to undercut joint mediation efforts by Ethiopia, the AU and IGAD which eventually brokered an agreement between the Sudanese military junta and leaders of the opposition movement.

Reckless government actions and decisions have long thrown the country into seemingly perpetual foreign relations crisis. Yet, the regime nonchalantly left the post of Eritrea’s permanent representative to the UN vacant for three years following the death in 2016 of its last occupant. When the strongman recently decided to act, he threw to the wind considerations of caliber and due selection process of candidates. Instead, he handpicked a party cadre with no government or diplomatic experience to head the mission. All this seems to lend credence to allegations that underhanded machinations, not international law and diplomacy, are the mainstay of the regime’s external affairs.

Turn of the Tide

Some quarters of the international community had long appeared sympathetic to the Eritrean regime which they believed had been put in a bind by its long, drawn-out conflict with Ethiopia. Others, though skeptical about the regime’s intentions, were willing to give its leaders the benefit of the doubt hoping they will undertake domestic reforms and improve their foreign relations once their border problem was resolved.

The EU and some of its member states have, for nearly two decades, argued “constructive engagement” and “quiet diplomacy” as the best policy for nudging the Eritrean dictatorship into introducing democratic reforms. Claiming to be pursuing this “pragmatic” policy — but actually pushing their agenda of curbing the flow of Eritrean refugees to Europe — they propped up the despotic regime by pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into its coffers. All these in the face of hard facts which indicated that, far from improving the lot of Eritrea’s youth or stimulating economic growth as claimed, the funding will only encourage corruption and embolden the dictatorship to stay the course.

However, the advent of the Eritrea-Ethiopia rapprochement met neither the expectations of the international community nor the theorizing of European Establishments. Contrarily, after a brief post-treaty stint with regional diplomacy, Isaias Afewerki proved to the world that he is stuck in his old ways. His regime’s actions and behavior have since left no doubt that the dictator intends to tighten, not relax his tyrannical grip on the country and to continue playing antagonistic and disruptive roles in regional affairs.

Barely three years after a UNHRC inquiry found his regime guilty of “crimes against humanity,” Isaias Afewerki thumbed his nose at the international community by evicting patients from — and closing down — more than three dozen health facilities run by the Catholic Church and which served the most vulnerable and disadvantaged segments of Eritrea’s population. All this happened against the backdrop of the regime’s continued imposition of forced labor and indefinite conscription, the consequent exodus of youth fleeing the country as well as the arbitrary arrest, torture and disappearance of citizens. The persistence of these conditions in post-treaty Eritrea has unraveled the already shaky policy argument of the Europeans, thereby providing its advocates a compelling reason to reassess their policy toward the Eritrean regime.

Indeed, some recent developments in Europe suggest that such policy adjustments may be in the works. Isaias’s exclusion from the Nobel Peace Prize; the recent diplomatic row between Germany (critical of lack of reform in Eritrea) and Isaias’s regime; the recent seminar on Eritrea organized by Swedish members of the EU Parliament and attended by human rights organizations and the UN Special Rapporteur on Eritrea; may signal an evolving turnabout in European policy towards the regime.

Conclusion

The long tragic drama of tyrannical rule in Eritrea is, by all indications, approaching its fated ending and has its ‘final episode’ playing out at this very moment. Indeed, the question now is not when, but how curtains will be drawn on this dark chapter of our history. Ironically, as the sun continues to set on the tyrannical system, Isaias seems to be expediting his own demise by engaging in actions that are likely to trigger social, political or even military confrontations that will sweep him and his regime to their final resting place.

That the regime is busy digging its own grave is an added ‘bonus’ for the popular struggle being waged to erect a towering edifice of democracy and justice upon that very grave. However, despite this fortuitous timing of the regime’s urge to self-destruct, Eritrean forces of change should not relent in broadening and intensifying their recently invigorated movement, build its momentum and exert the final push toward eradicating the ungodly system from the country.

Selected Readings:

  1. washingtonpost.com/world/2019/10/11/why-eritrea-didnt…
  2. dw.com/en/germany-accused-of-meddling-over-eritreas…
  3. theeastafrican.co.ke/news/africa/Stony-silence-from-Eritrea…
  4. eepa.be/?p=3276

 

About Yohannes Zerai

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  • mokie berhe

    Salam all. Article just posted on EP: ‘All Woyane “Rotten” Stooges Removed from Addis Ababa Administration Agencies today

    – Tigray Tv journalist and cameraman have been arrested in Benishangul Gumuz region for illegal activity.

    13 Jan 2020 – (EP) “TPLF shareholding in the federal government has officially ended today after the Tigrayan party refused to be part of the newly formed ruling party.

    The expelling news of all Woyane appointees has rocked Mekelle, the capital of Tigray Zone and cried out “ethnic cleansing”.

    Woyane stooges were holding higher places in the Addis Ababa administration, not because of their merits but because of their political affiliations to TPLF and Tigrayan ethnic background.

    An observer said, “It is absurd and self-contradictory for Woyane to expect its members to share government power while it refused to be part of the newly formed ruling party”.

    Meanwhile, a journalist and cameraman from Tigray TV have been arrested today for illegal activity in Benishangul Gumuz Region State.

    The two Tigrayans were from the Amharic program of the TV station. The TV journalist name is Dawit Kebede (not the Awramba) and the cameraman is called Wube Hailu.”

    • Paulos

      Mokie,

      A clever guy once said, doing the same thing over and over again and expecting a different result is sheer stupidity. I suspect he had a PFDJ guy like you in mind. The more you push the Tigrean people, the more they fight you back in unison with TPLF. You need to go back to the drawing board and rethink your strategy over for it is not working for obvious reasons.

      • mokie berhe

        Salam Paulos. The Agazian orchestral continues and maintains its biased perspective in flat-out failing/refusing to distinguish between ordinary Tigrayans and TPLF cadres that claim to represent them. Ordinary Tigrayans continue to be locked by the TPLF at an alarming rate and remain unable to freely express their opinions.

        • Paulos

          Mokie,

          That is precisely the reason your strategy is not working. Think again! You need to let go Aregawi Berhe and Gidey Zeratsion of your consulting team for they are feeding you the wrong information about the Tigrean people. How about you let up badmouthing and attacking TPLF including Meles the Lion? That might work out for you as in ዝብኢ ክሳብ ዝነክስ [ዝበልዕ] ይሕንክስ!

          • Abi

            Paul
            How about you let up badmouthing The Lion of Nakfa His Excellency President Isaias Afewerki?
            He is the one brought independence for the ungrateful Eritreans.

          • Paulos

            Abination,

            ኣይ ኣንተ ኣራዳ! That’s why I like you. Wedi Afie is a clinically certified psychopath who set out to avenge a childhood grudge when an Eritrean kid called him ዓጋመ when they were playing ኣሻኻኻት ዓለም in the foreground. Imagine destroying an entire nation to square a childhood grudge and sending a once modern city on par with say, present day Hawassa back to the stone ages! If that is not a classic profile of a psychopath, not sure what is.

          • Abi

            Paul
            As expected you got it wrong. No surprises at all. Isu chisu care less if you call him ዓጋመ or whatever belittling words you collectively, loudly and proudly use towards others . Just the other day Awate’s prominent ጭቃ ረጋጭ ጆሜትራ called us አድጊ. Again, no surprises. His Excellency Wedi Afie is destroying Eritreans and Eritrea because you unwittingly got in his way from achieving his dream of becoming Ethiopian President.
            You collectively committed a cardinal sin .

            Present day Awasa? Are you kidding me? Try Ambo or shashemene .

          • Paulos

            Abination,

            If I was an Amara, I would pat the guy who calls me ኣድጊ on the back for it is a compliment. ኣድጊ is a prototype of patience and endurance. And of course, if it matters at all, nature was generous to ኣድጊ for the leg long stuff it is bestowed with where it would live off the P*rno Industry hands down 😂.

            Glad you finally realized that, for ወዲ ኣፌ, Eritrea was a pawn if you will or a stepping stone in a bid to rule over Ethiopia where he sees the Eritrean people not less than characters in his book where their fate is on his hands.

            Can characters in a book determine their own fate asks the Irish author Samuel Beckett. Perhaps, Shakespeare was right when he said, life more often than we think imitates art and the enduring legacy of ወዲ ኣፌ proved the book reviewers right.

            I take the Hawassa comparison back for I was too kind to Asmara, I say, ውቕሮ instead. You gonna have to look it up or ask Fantination for he “owns” multiple Condos in the town graduating onto a vibrant city.

          • Abi

            Paul
            ውቅሮን ደህና አድርገው አዋቅረዋታል አትለኝም!!
            Last time I met Fanination he was collecting rent on Bole Road.

            I realized his wishes back in the early 90s. It was talk of the nation back then. The reason why you missed it is not a secret. You were busy dancing day and night. You were all drunk. It does not take a genius to figure it out.
            Meles your Lion showed him the door. Now that The Lion is out of the way the stray dog is roaming the whole Ethiopia . The chest beating display he performed in Ethiopia was not of happiness but it was due to the uncontrollable sadness that is common in Ethiopian funeral processions . ዋይ ዋይ የት ትሄዳለህ!
            Thing is he outlasted your Lion.
            “ከሞተ አንበሳ ልክስክስ ውሻ ይሻላል” ይላሉ የአቢኔሽን ተወካዮች::

            የአህያውን ጉዳይ ፊት ለፊት ስንገናኝ እንጫወታለን::

          • Saleh Johar

            Abi,
            This is where I agree with you fully. The derogatory name-calling is simply abhorring, racist, and outdated behaviour–even if it was not, it’s just shameful to engage in such diatribe. I apologize on behalf of my compatriots who think it’s okay to insult entire people.

          • Abi

            Selam Ato Saleh
            There was an Awatista goes by the nick “Selam” a while back. A typical PFDJ representative at Awatenation. Once I said “Awate is big enough PFDJ has ቋሚ ተወካይ stationed 24/7.
            Selam was so proud to tell us that in one of the festivals in Asmara there was a parade of donkeys with the word አምሃራ written on them.

            ማስቸገር ባይሆንብኝ ይህን ጉዳይ አስመልክተው አጠር ያለ ትምህርት ቢሰጡበት ተገቢ ይመስለኛል::

          • Saleh Johar

            Abi,
            I wish you understood Tigrinya, That is what I have been screaming on Negarit, appealing to people to be civil and resist the urge to display their ugly inner side. Maybe the better half could provide translation. But that I have been doing that all my activist life. Unfortunately, the ratio of racists is higher among 100 million than in 3 million. I hope you agree. Otherwise, Paulos the mathematician might provide us with a calculation formula 🙂

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Saleh Johar,

            I 2nd you on this ..

            Yes Dear Abi, why don’t you start to learn? Remember it is almost like your language (Amharic and all Ge’ez based) ..Just start it now …

            KS..

          • Abi

            Kokobe
            ከመይ ቀኒካ ኮኮቤ ጀጋኑ
            See,I just started learning Tigrinya.
            If you only know how much I miss your poems. Either you have to translate them to Amharic or Tigrinya should be banned from this website.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Abi,

            “If you only know how much I miss your poems.” I Will copy and past from my old file..or are you looking new poem ?

            Yes very long time..

            “ከመይ ቀኒካ ኮኮቤ ጀጋኑ” No.. that is not right..
            ከመይ ቀኒኻ ኮኾበይ ጀግና.

            “ጀጋኑ” is plural not for single person..Ha – ha-

            KS,,

          • Abi

            Selam Ato Saleh
            I’m sure you have covered this and other similar topics that are important. እንደ መጥምቁ ዮሃንስ ብቻዎትን ተያይዘውታል:: The proportion of racists is definitely higher among the 100 million people. No denying that fact.
            How do you expect PFDJ to educate its followers?

          • Saleh Johar

            Abi,
            Getting lost, even miraculously, would be the easiest way to educate the people. Unfortunately, the era of miracles is over.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam Saleh Johar
            What abi is playing is “kesedabew negarew” game, which means “from insulting, telling is bad” .
            i can tell u, he is playing it differently but the same hate.

          • Saleh Johar

            Hi Tedros,
            Thank you but I am a veteran of the forum and I would like to deal with everyone as an individual without prejudice. Remember that has always been my principle, besides, I am a Mercator here… I am not biased against anyone. If the day something I do not agree with or irritated me, I engage with the utmost civility and honest I can muster. Thank you for the comment.

          • Paulos

            Selam Ayay,

            I am sure you had this guy in mind.

            https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Allen_Paulos

          • Saleh Johar

            No Paulos, I meant our own Paulos:-) c’mon, physics, philosophy, and mathematics are triplets if not one with three heads.

          • Paulos

            Selam Ayay,

            I am afraid I am far from living up to a Mathematician much less to conjure up a statistical formula that can infer the size of racists with in the populace in Ethiopia.

            Very true though, Philosophy, Mathematics and Physics were collectively called, “Natural Philosophy” when Isaac Newton published his first book, for instance.

    • Peace!

      Hi Mokie,

      Thank you for the update. Well, the best Tigryna proverb that explains the current TPLF’s situation is ኢድ ሸናሒት ጸናሒት.

      As you can see this forum has become a church for worshiping TPLF and for glorifying Agazian elites. We are witnessing history is being twisted, and the sense of urgency for Eritrean cause also has disappeared, perhaps a valid reason why many forumers do not seem to have appetite to comeback and revive the forum.

      Opposing criminal TPLF is now considered a hate toward Tigray people—ኣንቲ ስመቲዝም/ኣግኣዝያን::

      Peace!

      • mokie berhe

        Salam Peace! I need to take a break from this place. I just do not see articles and related discussions moving in a proper direction; believe there should be more focus on what is actually happening on the home front/inside of Eritrea. Being in a room inundated by TPLFites and Agazians simply doesn’t help either and is surely uncomfortable. I would even rather be in a bar drinking a cold beer with my mother-in-law!

        • Haile S.

          Selam Mokie,

          I am replying to you not that I felt targeted by your shrapnel, I am neither of what you have said, but to ask you genuinely for your ideas on how to crack the shell our regime has encapsulated itself in. I incidentally met recently a heavy weight of the regime for a short period of time somewhere. I told him bluntly what people think about their elementary administration and about the absence of everything that is lacking in the country due to their administration. First he didn’t expect that. He expected nothing less than a praise & 90°bent reverence. Realizing nothing satisfying can come out of his mouth, he said soon Mana is going to fall from the PFDJ sky.
          You who seem to know well the intricacies of the regime, would you be able to share ideas on how the nose of this rolled-up porcupine be reached at? Something in the form of an article would be appreciated.

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam Awatistas,

    Since the Tamrat interview on the relationship of the two leaders (Issayas and Abiy) as well as on the status of Eritrea is relevant to our debate and to the analysis of Yohannes’s article, Saay has translated the interview in to English. Actually, Tamrat has presented his interview seemingly as a spokesperson of Abiy and his government. Saay did a good job to the service of those who do not understand Amharic. Below is a link on the translation of the interview, by no other than our own Saay.

    http://www.eritreadigest.com/tamrat-negera-interviews-translated-to-english/?fbclid=IwAR1zhMdD_4fPyMXrQUED72mlqcN0A3p8ql4AWSg_IAQZJZpkcn_T0R63Rus

    • Teodros Alem

      selam aman h
      Exelent translation from Saay.
      For me the very important thing that Tamerat has said is , 1, he clearly said he is talking about ethiopia’s national interest. 2, he clearly said , he doesn’t care about Eritrea internal problem . 3, he clearly said, eritrea can’t continue as a country while basing it’s nationalism by hating ethiopia. 4, he clearly asking permanent peace between ethiopia and eritrea.

      • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

        Hi Teodros,
        All I can say is that this Tamrat guy has undeveloped brain. Even his voice is a voice of 9 years old. Funny, this guy says Eritreans have inferiority complex issue. I would put my money on the opposite. Eritreans are one of the proudest people, even at our worst time like this.
        BTW, do you know that his father was killed in AfAabet.
        Our young genius, Falfasa, has explained it very well and I invite you to listen to it.
        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7MrRzoyNbtM

        N.B: please listen to it after dinner

        • Berhe Y

          Dear Mehandis,

          Thank you for sharing, I was about to do it. Again, he has done it so well. I like when he was making the phone call. He is genius all I can say.

          Berhe

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Brother Berhe,
            I know you are a fan of him and so do I. This young brother is very clever and funny! While he was explaining, at one point I was relating Tamrat to TesfaZion and he said it exactly what I was thinking!
            I was laughing loud about that phone call by the way! 🙂

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Mehandis,

            I pressed post before I finished typing….added few lines.

            He is amazing. You know there is a talk he did in a meeting with Eritrean in Sweden and how well he has explained the misery the young Eritrean finds themselves in the western world.

            He made such a compelling reason and I think we all should try to understand their ordeal and how we can help them focus to the right direction.

            What I am trying to say is, he is not only funny but he is also very wise.

            He is like the late night host type….

            Berhe

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Brother Berhe,
            I couldn’t agree more on your advice.
            I didn’t see the Sweden talk but I will search it. I thought I closely follow these 3 young brave men: Falfasa, Fanus Network & Mestya Bietna. I guess not 🙂

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Berhe,

            TA is telling you that Tamrat is a PR worker of the government. Does that help you to assess your argument?

          • Berhe Y

            Hi AH,

            No it doesn’t. It make no sense…

            Berhe

        • Teodros Alem

          selam mm
          why u worry about inferiority complex and his father instead of the main ?? what kind of peace the way to go.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Selam Teodros,
            Didn’t you list what he said? I am doing the same and I listed one from all his bluffs. See why?
            About his father? It is directly related to what he is saying now: Revenge.
            Well, all I can say is let him try and he will be buried, along with his father.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam mm
            I did listen what he said but am not sure in what context he mentioned it, but i can tell u 3 things, 1, mengestu will not gonna be there to messed up everything and to creat a favorable condition for u.
            2, it is not gonna be a civil war, it will be a war between 2 countries.
            3, to much artificial is a sign of lack of self confidence.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Selam Teodros,
            If this guy had Power, he would immediately turn to Hitler. He is a war monger, minus he wouldn’t go to war himself. His father’s death is permanently stamped in his brain and he would not dare to enlist in the army himself.
            Or is that as Falfasa said that this guy is a failed journalist and he tried to make a name for himself this degrading way?

            We, Eritreans, never claim as Ethiopians but Ethiopians want Eritrea. On the contrary, Tigray people they are Ethiopians and Ethiopians never want them. Do you see the irony?

          • Teodros Alem

            selam mm
            Don’t mix up people with politician,
            since we r talking about tamerat, he said he doesn’t care about Eritrea and he doesn’t care about Eritrea.
            So what was that u been doing in ethiopia gov house, school, office, job, army and so on?

          • Berhe Y

            Hi TA,

            Since you understand tigrina, listen to falfasa line Mehandis shared. you will enjoy it.

            I don’t think we care much the type of peace that comes from this type of guy…

            Berhe

          • Teodros Alem

            selam berhe
            What up , i did listen his(falfasa) vidoes and based on that i don’t need to listen any of his videos.
            tamerat is telling u we need real peace, based on from the interest of both nations, unless ur:) county will continue to be hell on earth.
            I can tell u this for sure, he is not some journalist, he is one of the narrator and PR worker.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi TA,

            You are on your “yezerobet” mood again.
            How do you make peace with this guy, when he know what he has in store for us.

            Anyway, you are such a lazy guy. you should not make your mind without knowing what you are talking about…

            Berhe

          • Teodros Alem

            selam berhe
            when did i make my mind with out knowing what i am talking about?
            I don’t need to listen junky videos to make up my mind.
            To make peace 1, stop basing ur nationalism on hating ethiopia.
            2, propose ur own proposal and start negotiation and so on.
            3, stop calling me lazy and yezerbet, u …

          • Berhe Y

            Hi TA,

            Last week you said the same thing about the Ethiopian professor. Looking at his face you made up your mind what he will have to say…

            1) I don’t and we don’t. we never did and we never will.
            2) Nothing to propose and nothing to negotiate. the case is closed. Even if TPLF is occupying our land, nothing to negotiate with.
            3) You are lazy and you are yezorebet, calling the video junk without even knowing what it is. If you don’t have the time and you are not interested, then don’t watch but please stop commenting something you don’t know.

            I take it you support what this Tamerat guy saying with regards to Ethiopia and Eritrea future relationship.

            Berhe

          • Teodros Alem

            selam berhe
            we r talking about the ” tamerat” dude, nothing to do with this falfasa junky video.
            I said it before and i will said it again, there is no ethiopian nationalism now, when it do, there will be a problem with eritrea because of access to sea and if u don’t base ur nationalism on hating ethiopia, u will not deny over 110 millions people access to sea and ethio and eri can cooperate in so many areas that benefit both of them, give and take, win win.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Teodros,

            Stop calling falfasa junky video. the hell with you.
            Eritreans never denied Ethipia access to the sea. But if you want to take by force come and get it.

            Why you are not bothering Somalia, Djibouti, Kenya and Sudan..

            anyway, Ethiopia has never access to the sea ever…the only time they did is, because Eritreans allowed them.

            Berhe

          • Teodros Alem

            selam berhe
            Is every thing ok with isem, u seems a little bit upset, comedown.
            why u base ur argument based on unknown , irrelevant, junky videos?
            they r not even a journalist with a name or address? i mean that tells a lot about u .
            2nd, for example , if pia appear on tv for Q and A and asked about eri economy or security or refugees, u can guess most of his answer before listening his Q and A because of ur experience of him. Right?and if there is a new breakthrough, u will have a hint from other news and u will go back and listen it .

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Sellam ta,
            What kind of leaf are you smoking?
            Ethiopia will never own Assab or Massawa. How many millions of soldiers you want to waste, again?
            When are you guys learn? Maybe the Adgi term was right to begin with, if not by this time you guys would learn.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam mm
            i don’t know how u understand but what did i told u before, mengestu will not gonna be there to messed up everything and create a conducive environment for u.
            2nd , look at urself u don’t even worth adgi, u r skinny Adgi who have been dying for over 50 years to been more starved and miserable.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Selam ta,
            starvation and Eritrea never simulate. Try with your country. Before Meles, Ethiopia was directly equivalent to famine. I think you would agree with this, when you are left by yourself.
            Red Sea alone would feed Eritrea, if your take your cousin esyays [pronounced is an ass] with you to where he belongs.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam mm
            I think u r pathetic emotional junky.
            In refugees camps in ethiopia some of eritrean under age kids send by thier parents because they can’t feed them.
            meles and derg killed the people to score same poltical point.
            pia was ur hero 20 years ago and now when u know he can’t satisfied ur sick nature by make ethiopia equally miserable as u guys, u hate him. he is same born miserable, die miserable person as u r.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Selam ta,
            We have refugees, thanks to your country man, esayas. However, we don’t have beggars.
            You know what we used to call to your country beggars, sometimes, Yirdaka! Perfect time to tell you you that.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam
            u used to call ” belles” eaters too until u made belles ur holiday food.
            do u know what beggar means? i mean how do u think those refugees live round the world?
            u r topical rural junky who trying to feel good by deceiving urself.
            when i read some of ur poems , i was thinking u r beggar urself.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Selam ta,
            Keep reading, there is a hope you could be upgraded to beQhli 🙂
            Who knows.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam mm
            What a hell is beqhli? I don’t understand like u guys did.
            The one can make u upgraded or down graded his yourself.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Selam ta,
            I know you know what beQhli is but let me explain to you in a simple way, since I am in a good mood.
            Feres = Adgi + 1
            BeQhli = Feres + 1
            As you can see, I was generous enough to suggest that. Let’s meet in another topic.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam mm
            Since u r rural junky, u know a lot of stuff like this and most probably u grow up living at the same room with adgi and beqli, most probably u stil own some goat, adgi back home in ur rural house and u think poems and poltics will solve ur ugly nature?

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Selam ta,
            All I can say is I wish. Are you sure you are not one of those Adi-Halo office boys? You sure sound one of them.
            Focus on the topic, it is Tamrat. Ok? Now, go take a nap or some chaat/shusha, if you really are from the Adge-BeQhli
            Man, you pulled me down to your level, through a pull down resistors 🙂

          • Teodros Alem

            selam mm
            I told u , u r pathetic id*it, i knew it long ago and that is why i don’t read ur beggar poems,
            u not just Adgi but i bet since u r rural junky and share room with adgi in ur rural house, i bet ur first sx was with them,animal.

          • Abi

            Hello መሃንዲስ
            I see an Eritrean engineer suffering from superiority complex proudly referring Ethiopians as “ adgi”.

            I hope and pray no Ethiopian business ( private or government) use your ports in the future.
            The best relationship between the two countries is NO RELATIONSHIPS at all.
            BUILD THE WALL!!!

          • sara

            selam ato abi……. take it easy, its may be a slip of tongue or maybe the moda is …napping an intentionally.

          • Abi

            Sariti Shikorina
            No, it was not a slip of a tongue. He repeated it again. The moderator is not napping either. He is busy enforcing salutations.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Selam Abi,
            Amen to the wall!

          • Abi

            Selam መሃንዲስ
            Thanks for the endorsement!!

          • Haile S.

            Selam Berhe,

            This is not to oppose you, but my thought in form of clarification. Abyssinia had always had commercial access to the red sea through Massawa (forget Assab, Abyssinia has zero connection) that it never owned, administered or controlled since the fall of the Axumite kingdom. The history of Axumite kingdom is not necessary that of Abyssinia. The formation of Ethiopia as we know it now coincides with the formation of Eritrea as a colony of Italy. Commercial access of Ethiopia (in formation) to the red sea during formation of Eritrea was discussed between Italy and Yohannes and with Menilik. Whether this commercial access continued with Zewditu and HHI until the English era needs a closer look based on records. Ethiopia had full control of the red sea coast after it annexed Eritrea.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Hailat,

            Thank you for elaboration. I don’t know much of the history but based on the natural environment of the region what you are saying make sense.

            I think you answered this last time, but

            “Abyssinia had always had commercial access to the red sea through Massawa”. What kind of “commercial access”, in terms of scale do you think was possible trecking the mountains from the highlands to Massawa?

            For example, why did the British spend so much money, resources and build roads on their expedition to Meqdela if Ethiopia had “commercial grade” access to the sea.

            Berhe

          • Haile S.

            Selam Berhe,

            The commerce was NOT state owned or organized by a government or an industry as we know it now. It was run by individual merchants. Some of these merchants were sponsored by the regional lords or kings in which case they carry letters of sponsorship for safe pass. The merchants pay taxes at Massawa, at Hirgigo and other places. The local taxation beyond Hirgigo depended on prevailing condition and the power balance. For example, Dejach Wube’s good are not expected to have troubles as he was merciless in his punishment using the rule of an eye for an eye that others were using as well. There were no police, but things were not hidden to the people. If someone is afraid of being caught or punished by someone bigger than him, he has to live in the forest, be Shifta. Therefore when one does something ‘illegal’ he pretty knows the his choices. The commerce was not organised, it was run at the pace of the merchant. Sea transport was by run by coastal people on the Eritrean side and the Arabian side. No Abyssinian resided in the coastal area or owned a ship or a boat. It was everybody master of his territory. When counted on a scale of a year, the commerce was not little.
            As I alluded few days ago, transport of goods was on animals and on foot. The biggest commerce, unfortunately was slave trade and these souls didn’t need anyone to carry them. Slave trade existed until Haileselassie. The Italians were hammering on it to justify their invasion of Ethiopia of 1935. There were scenes of espionage and hidden buyers to document this commerce.
            No one thought of building roads until the advent of Italians. The British came to liberate their prisoners. They didn’t attempt to do any development. That is why they did paid lage sum of Money in the form of arms to Yohannes IV. They built a short distance railroad to facilitate transport to the foot of the mountains, beyond that, they used the existing treks and animals. They might have enlarged them here and there, but the heavy materials were transported by elephants. It was an extraordinary wonder for Abyssinians to see tamed elephants used for transport.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Haile,

            Thank you so much for extra ordinary history lesson.

            You when you hear them, even people like Abi talk about Alula (he named his son) or Ethiopia natural gateway etc, or when you hear Paulo speak about the Abisinian dynastiy and equate it to the house of lords like the UK, and the axum kingdom who traded with China and Idiaa centuries ago, they make it sound like, Abisinia was controlling the Red sea just like British did the english channel or Portugal expedition.

            Like you said, I think Yohannes got the arms from the British left over after their expedition for his support and it may be the reason, even Alula was able to come close to Zula after words.

            In other words, I think they had phobia from water like most people from Kebesa have, till these days.

            You know, with my friend iSem we went for a walk in Lake Ontario (easter side of Toronto). I think at that time, my good friend iSem have never been the Massawa. The only water he knew was, the nile river in Khartum:). I forgot he use to go to the beach in Italy.

            So when he saw the lake he said to me, still funny “ስማዕ እስከ፡ እዚ ባጽዕ ዝብልዎ ክንዲዚ ዶ ይኸውን? ” pointing the lake Ontario.

            So when I think of Abisinian people claiming the Red sea, reminds me of my friend iSem.

            Now I am even started to think, the main reason Ethiopia/ Abisinia wasn’t colonized was, I think because the Geographic shield the highlands had naturally. There is no body who attempted except Italy, which was not even a country 40 years before that (except city state).

            Note: I am not trying to discount the history of Ethiopia, but I am fed up with this, we are coming folks like the Teamrat guy or other zeraf, zeraf people.

            Berhe

          • Teodros Alem

            selam berhe
            Listen to urself u guys r the one has been saying zeraf, zeraf.
            I told u the historical relationship kebasa had with red sea was even less comparing the highland ethiopia had with red sea, u r by far can’t deny the afar people access to thier own sea, just because ur master italia say so, that is there own land.
            at one time, Dejach wube used to be the warlord and control messewa area, any way it is irrelevant to talk about occupation of the past, HSI used to occupy it , egypt, ottoman Turk ,Italy, derg used to occupy it and now u guys r occupying it and all of them r not the owners.
            what matter is ethiopia need access to the sea .

          • Berhe Y

            Hi TA,

            Ethiopia have access to the sea now. so what’s the problem.

            Eritrean have lived together for 60 plus years under Italy (peacefully without Abyssinian war lords) and we build a lasting peace. And we fought 30 years to get rid of Ethiopia annexation of Eritrea.

            The Eritrea Afar people and the people of red sea want to be part of Eritrea.

            Case closed. Next!!!!

            Berhe

          • Teodros Alem

            selam berhe
            U can not decide on behalf of afar, both side of afar lived before occupation of Italy or anybody else peace fully forever.
            they lived with people of wallo specially with Muslims forever.
            It is upto the ethiopian gov to decide about it but i can tell u this, if ethiopia continue to exist as a country and ethiopia with morethan 110 millions people and still counting and when the GDP become , let us say 250 billion or 300 billion , which is way way less than the present GDP of egypt or south africa or Nigeria or Algeria , ethiopia can not live with out her own access to sea and for sure that will create a conflict with eritrea .

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Selam ta,
            If Ethiopia need access to the sea it need to pay to get that access.
            If not, it need to dig a deeper whole downward if it is advanced enough or keep its relationship with Djibouti. Leave us alone.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam mm
            I know u r rural beggar and u have no say on it, just keep doing what u know best, begging and ********.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            selam ta,
            Eritreans never beg but take what they deserve. you seem to be what your relatives say ኣሳዳጊ የበደለው.
            ወዲዛ ካላ ዋሒድ

          • Teodros Alem

            selam mm
            did i say eritreans , i said u twisted rural beggar. U r nature ” ye bedeleh”.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ሰላም ቴድሮስ:
            መታን ደቂ ማሕበርና ትኻስ ከይወስዶም በዚኣ ንዕጸዋ።
            ስምዓኒ ‘ባ ረሲዐዮ ኔረ። ኣብ ሃይ-ስኩል ከለና ርእስኻ ፈጊአካ ኔረ መስለኒ።
            ከም ዝመስለኒ ወዲ ቪላጆ ወይ ድማ ሰላሳ-ኣምስተኛ ወይ ድማ ወዲ ቃኘው” ኮታ ደቂ ጦር-ሰራዊት
            ኔርካ ሙሽ?
            ሕጂ ‘ኳ ‘ዩ ተዘኪሩኒ። ክላእ! ሓቅኻ ‘ንዲኻ ደኣ: ማዕለሽ ኣይትሓዘለይ።
            ሕጂ ናብ ካልእ ኣርእስቲ ንስገር: ባቃ።

          • Teodros Alem

            mm
            u r nonsense, i bet u were derg agent in eritrea, disgusting beggar.

          • Abi

            Hawna Berhe
            Repeat after me the following three times
            ጀነራል ራሥ አሉላ አባነጋ!!!

            ወንድምዓለም እንኳን የጀግኖቹ ጀግና አሉላ አባነጋ ቅምጭና እንኳ ማንጠልጠያ አለው::

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Abi,

            I don’t know what that means. Eritreans tell you a different story…anyway let’s leave each other alone. let’s move on, the world has moved on. we are still in 19th century ( i mean you guys, keep bringing us back).

            There is so much to be done and so much to be gained if we just live in peace and open our eyes to the world and what that can be done. Life has to have a meaning, rather than squandering it on useless war and loss of life.

            After all our existence what is that we have to show the world..

            P.S. I don’t want to take a shot but I was watching this program of Ethio TV , architecture and development of Addis Abeba..it’s been long time since I was there last…..
            All these development etc people talking about, building here, building there…oh my God, what have they done. They have build a monster out of the city…sorry really sad. no walking space, no cycling space, no playing space, no park, traffic jam every day, no green space, …high rise next to each other..just standing..really, really sad…

            Berhe

          • Abi

            Hawna Berhe
            Sorry for bringing you back to 19th century. We will try our best to catch up with you.
            Addis is so chaotic and out of control ልጅ አሉላ said the same thing. It is going to be a great city soon. patiently waiting …

          • Admassie

            Selam Berhe,

            “All these development etc people talking about, building here, building there…oh my God, what have they done. They have build a monster out of the city…sorry really sad. no walking space, no cycling space, no playing space, no park, traffic jam every day, no green space, …high rise next to each other..just standing..really, really sad…”

            Your comment above is in a way correct when some one sees Addis Ababa in birds eye view. However, when things are seen in context and a little bit deeper, the picture is not grim.

            The development AA in terms of physical and social infrastructure (roads, railways, power, internet, industry , housing, schools, hospitals, commercial buildings etc) is huge. The development pronounced greatly is because it has a huge economic implication. It created thousands of jobs and provided bread and other opportunities to citizens.

            The problems you mentioned are created not because we have built all of our spaces. Quite contrary. Road coverage is still around 13% (25% is accepted standard). Park & green area is above 30% (a good level). Large area of the center remains slum with dilapidated kebele mud houses and we are not yet to worry about the few high rise buildings. Most major streets have pedestrian walk ways and almost all existing local streets are paved with cobble stones.

            The challenge is, our problems have been accumulated for many decades and it became more than our capacity and resource to resolve. The recent economic development also added new challenges that diminish the effort made so far. In general, we are beginning and we are in the process of development. Let alone AA, a city of a poor country, cities in the developed world can not resolve their challenges at once. Because cities are dynamics and new challenges emerge every time. Therefore, AA is not yet done.

            However, the real challenges are here:

            1. Poverty.
            2. Lack of commitment by government and citizens in respecting the master plan and other planning regulations. This problem is critical and it is also happening currently by PMAA’s government. For example; Abiy allowed Dubai Eagles to construct its real estate by ignoring a report forwarded by the Planning Commission of AA. The report points out major errors of the project that are not in conformity with the master plan. The AA city administration is also preparing to build a huge housing project on a swampy land designated for park and green area. A city administration is working against its own master plan issued by its legislative body.

            3. Lack of capacity and resource and so many challenges competing for priority.
            4. Lack of detailed design for specific urban areas, fore example how different buildings can create continues pedestrian arcades, open public spaces, harmonious facades etc.
            5. Lack of proper street network. AA’s streets are radial. Five major streets start from the center and go radially to five direction. We miss rings of roads around the radials and streets connecting the rings.
            6. Lack of awareness in maintaining public property and public space.
            7. Lack of the behavior of urbanity in citizens in general and the sense of belongingness towards the city.

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Admassie,

            First I want to thank you for taking the time to respond for my comments, probably doesn’t deserve your comment. I made it in passing, and I wish I was sensitive about it more. But I guess it prompted you to respond, so I guess it is not bad.

            First thought, what I watched was on ETV and it’s 30 min or longer specific to the topic. They had experts, architects and government officials interviewed and being asked. So it was not just passing observation but they go to detail the problems and most importantly the solution.

            I don’t know if you are one of those experts or you work in the area but you seem to know in detail the problem and hopefully the solution.

            I think in my opinion ( I am not by any means in urban planning and architecture field) but I have a great interest in construction, cities and and development.

            I think what you said in point #2 is probably what core of the problem. That is, having regulations and follow the master plan. That’s the only guarantee to make sure, at least what was planned (by experts and thinkers) can continue to be followed through no matter who comes to government, or who has the money or who have the connections.

            “2. Lack of commitment by government and citizens in respecting the master plan and other planning regulations. This problem is critical and it is also happening currently by PMAA’s government. For example; Abiy allowed Dubai Eagles to construct its real estate by ignoring a report forwarded by the Planning Commission of AA. The report points out major errors of the project that are not in conformity with the master plan. The AA city administration is also preparing to build a huge housing project on a swampy land designated for park and green area. A city administration is working against its own master plan issued by its legislative body.”

            The second point that I wanted to make is, we don’t necessary need to go through the same problems those major cities have gone in order to resolve the problems. Sometimes, this kind of thinking (for me at least) as an excuse from doing the right thing. Because we are starting late, it should be a learning experience so we don’t do the same mistakes. From my personal experiences, lack of proper planning and proper design should not be used as an excuse to look the other way. When things are put in writing, in detail drawings, detail audit etc..it will force the people to think all if not most of the problems and put that into consideration in the design.

            But this process needs to be appreciated and it needs to be respected. Most developers or contractors see it as waste of money, waste of time but in the end, the money saved by quick and dirty design or the approval one gets by connections or bribe will end up costing more in the long term. At worst, it can a danger to public safety and property in the long term.

            Over all I think the way the city is growing may not be sustainable in the long term unless the government come up with some policy. For example in Ontario, a previous government recognized the sprawl and development that was happening in the city of Toronto and surroundings, come up with a plan to protect the green space around the Greater Toronto Area called greenbelt dot ca. I think you will find of interest if you are in the field, which you may find it of interest.

            Berhe

          • Admassie

            Selam Berhe,

            Thank you for your response and comments and I really appreciate for your recommendation about the experience in Ontario.

            I understand what prompted you to give እንደ አጋጣሚ ጣል ያደረግካትን comment, though I did not watch the discussion the experts made. My response was just to give a general idea why Addis Ababa is the way it is now.

            Regarding your note: “The second point that I wanted to make is, we don’t necessary need to go through the same problems those major cities have gone in order to resolve the problems.”

            We are not creating our problems intentionally. They are created through time and interactions. But we are not solving them, because we lack capacity and resource.

            An example: Addis Ababa has a big sewage problem. The sewage pollutes its rivers badly. Most of the sewage comes from the inner city. Kebele houses along the rivers are the source of most of the sewage. The kebele houses are expropriated houses from the Derg era. They are helping in providing housing to the poor. But on the other hand, they are sources of sewage and other many challenges. Putting sewage lines and connecting to a central treatment plant could be one way in resolving the pollution problem coming from the houses. But it is a huge investment to a big but poor city and there are other chronic problems pressing for priority such as water, power, housing, transport etc.

            There was another way the government has tried. To building common pit latrines. But it did not solve the problem. Because, a. the number of users is far greater than the provision and ultimately people are forced to go to the river side b. pits fill so frequent and emptying them costs a lot or awaits months for there are not enough sewage disposal trucks. To resolve, people connect their latrine to river banks. c. people do not understand, or if some are there, it does not concern them if a river is polluted. Because their life is miserable and they do not have any will to worry about a certain river being polluted.

            There is another solution. To demolish the houses and move the inhabitants somewhere else in the city. Again huge investment!

            My point is, when you are poor and when challenges and problems are accumulated beyond your capacity, it is natural to focus on the most pressing problems only and on the way, there are a lot of things that will falling away. It may cost us tremendously, but that is how much poverty makes you scarify.

            The reference that you gave me about Ontario’s “greenbelt” solution is nice. The green belt with the river valleys are in connection to the lakes around and this allows urban areas in between to cool and breath. And so was Bahirdar’s city planning designed some 70 years ago. It was then called “green finger”. Strips of green areas start from Lake Tana and extend to the inner city of Bahirdar like fingers on a hand. These green strips of lands were meant as breathing lung for the city; pedestrian ways, parks and entertainment locations for inhabitants. That is how Bahirdar was planned some 70 years ago! Now it is totally different.

            Thank you Berhe.

          • Yisac Abrham

            Haile S.
            I always wait with eager expectation to read your comment when history is discussed in this forum. Thank you very much !

          • Haile S.

            Selam Yisac,

            Thank you for complementing me in such a pleasant way. I have been reading Abyssinian history since decades, whenever I get the chance. It is my extra-professional pleasure. I like to share what I read and your nice words encourages me to continue. Merci beaucoup!

    • Paulos

      Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

      I haven’t read the translation for obvious reasons but Sal has done an excellent job so that those who don’t understand Amharic as in YPFDJ can get a glimpse on how Isaias is playing them royally so to speak. I wish Sal could start youtube channel for he can reach a wider audience instead.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam

        • Berhe Y

          Hi Aman,

          How many times they can ask for mediation. What’s happening with construction anyway? Is it still proceeding? I think he should just go ahead and build the dam? It should not be an issue, on getting it done and over with. then the issue become the amount and how long they take to fill it.instead.

          Berhe

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Berhe,

            The construction of the dam is stopped when the current PM came to power. Abiy is more interested to consolidate his power than continuing the projects that were started by his predecessors. Like what Trump is doing to reverse everything Obama has passed as laws, Abiy is doing the same thing in the Ethiopian proper. We shall see how the Nile Saga will end under the current leadership.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam aman h
            Who told u the construction of the dam is stopped? This is exactly why i said don’t listen to junky video and facebook.

          • bardavidi

            Hi……To put matters to rest the GERD Project has never been stopped since its Inception and Commencement………..It is in a Final stage and this Year it will finish………There are many Unsubstantiated off the wall remarks and comments that suggest otherwise on U-tube and other Media outlets……….Many of them are from sources that are far to the left of the PM and main stream views and not to be Trusted………….It is slightly delayed in Timing due to Technical Difficulties that arose which was to be Expected because of the Size and Capacity of the Project…………The suggestion that the new PM is not Facilitating the Project is Totally Unfounded………..He has Repeatedly Reported to the Parliament the Progress and his Commitment behind it is Solid………..Set the Record Straight……..Selah

          • Abi

            Hello Ato Amanuel
            The construction of Gerd is going on despite your wishes.

          • Selam Berhe Y.,
            I don’t think that construction of the dam is on the table for negotiation but filling the dam. I see no reason why the dam should be stopped unless there are financial issues. The filling period is the last card Egypt is playing. Delaying it so that it will not function full capacity and it may have some rights on the dam, is its plan. One of the ways is by changing its demands at every meeting. Last time it came up with a revised filling period of upto 21 years when they were discussing upto 7 years in the previous meeting.
            Egypt sees the internal situation of Ethiopia as a weakness and al sisi’s friendship with trump to be exploited. It is difficult to trust them. Nevertheless, Ethiopia is going to start filling the dam the coming rainy season from what i read.
            The kleptomaniac metec under tplf was kicked out and replaced by the Chinese, Sallini is doing its job, for all i know. Therefore, the construction continues.
            The doom and gloom about the dam comes from those who do not want to see Ethiopia succeed because their tplf is gone. In their opinion only tplf can do the job even if it stole the money.

        • Yohannes Zerai

          Selam Amanuel,

          Thank you for providing the link which helped me keep track of developments on the issue.

          During the earlier (i.e., pre-April 2019) series of tripartite negotiations on the GERD, al-Bashir’s Sudan had essentially aligned itself with Ethiopia on questions related to the construction and operation of the hydroelectric dam project and the changes in the flow of Nile waters expected to result therefrom. Sudan’s position was predicated on the argument that the operation of the GERD will open up development opportunities which benefit all three countries.

          But there recently seems to have been a dramatic change in Sudan’s stance on the issue. In an interview he gave five days ago, Sudan’s new prime minister, Abdalla Hamdok declared his country’s unequivocal support for Egypt’s stand on the use of Nile water. He further elaborated that Sudan’s stand on the issue is consistent with that of Egypt, and affirmed that the GERD project would not be acceptable to his country if it is to harm the interests of Egypt. Underscoring his concern for Sudan’s own interests he stated that, by virtue of Sudan’s geographic location, the dam’s adverse effects on river flow will first be felt in Sudan before they do in Egypt. He concluded by stating that as regards Nile issues and the dam Ethiopia is building, the two countries will have a coordinated position at every forum that deals with issue.

          It seems that things have unfortunately taken a turn for the worse for Ethiopia since this new development may have the effect of weakening its bargaining position in upcoming negotiations.

          Thank you

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Yohannes,

            New info:

            Can someone who has not any kind of relationship with the Alshebab could try to mediate Alshebab and the Government of Somalia? When UN sanctioned Eritrea because of the allegation that they were backing Alshebab, our despot and his messengers were denying. Now the Eritrean Government is sponsoring peace talks between Alshebab and the central government of Somalia. Read this link.
            https://puntlandpost.net/2020/01/11/eritrea-to-sponsor-talks-between-somali-government-and-al-shabaab/?fbclid=IwAR0AlB28m5fQCm4VEhI4_bXIjQyrzjze3ph-543n-glWvUlZ5ywZAbrPULc

          • Abi

            Hello Ato Amanuel
            The no nonsense ክቡር ተጋዳላይ ኢሳይያስ አፈወርቂ is bringing Alshebab and the Somalian Government to a lasting peace using his unmatched influence on Somali groups.

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Amanuel Hidrat. I don’t think you know much about Somali politics. Many Somali’s have been hosted in Eritrea over the years (to include those who were or would later become) members of Al-Itihaad al-Islamiya (AIAI), the Islamic Courts Union (ICU), Alliance for Liberation of Somalia (ARS), Hizbul Islam (HI) and Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government. Many members (active or inactive) from these same groups would later join Al -Shabaab. Meaning that many current Al-Shabaab members to include those within its leadership, were well known by PIA/PFDJ long before they became associated with Al-Shabaab. So yes, PIA/PFDJ is in a vantaged position to play a mediator role between Al-Shabaab and the current Somalia Government (some of its members also have also been in Asmara before cuddling with future Al-Shabaab members).

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Mokie,

            Thank you for identifying them for us who is who. But my point was how the Eritrean government was adamantly denying on backing the Al-Shebaba group? And how a Government who had no any kind of relationship with both of them can madiate between the two? My intention was by framing these questions for the forumers (including yourself) to enable us to debate on the ugly game of DIA.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Emma,

            I think there is politics and interests. If you speak to any Somali people, they will tell you, Melles is the terrorist guy who brought so much damage to their country. I agree.

            IA on the other hand, was helping them fight the invasion of Somalia by Melles. When they had no where to run, he gave them refuge in Eritrea.

            It was proxy war between Melles and Isayas. Isayas wanted the Somali to organize and fight Melles, and he did what ever he can to bog down Ethiopia in Somalia. Melles on the other hand, was using the US example of “war on terrorism” and wanted favors from the US and made Somali for his political and finiancial gain.

            Melles used the support of the US to get Isayas Afeworki sanctioned.

            Now that Melles is out of the picture, and the US doesn’t care as much, I think it make sense the Somali government and the former Al-Shebab get reconciled.

            I don’t think Al-Shebab objective is based some sort of ideology but probably out of frustration (the most who joined them) of Ethiopia invasion. What ever Al-Shebab did in Kenya and Uganda was, I think primary because of retaliation for their involvement in Somalia, going along with Melles.

            If this happens, reconciliation, I think it is good for the Somali people.

            Berhe

          • Teodros Alem

            selam berhe
            Bravo berhe, i think ur somalia poltical analysis is great, i think u should only comment on somalia issues and avoid ethiopia issue untill u build self esteem . am telling u the truth, what u said above is excellent.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi TA,

            Thank you but what self esteem you are talking about.

            Berhe

          • Teodros Alem

            selam berhe
            It will help u to not be baised .
            neighborly and honest advice.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Teodros (should I call you Atse Teodros),

            Do you know what enklil means? It’s going in circles, that’s what happens with you.

            Ok, will leave it there.

            The Eritrean people of Afar has also made the choice, and like I said, only Eritreans can change their fate.

            I just home you move on and try to do something worthwhile.

            Berhe

          • Teodros Alem

            selam berhe
            berhe, what i say was simple, i see u have no problem of commonsense, u don’t lack common sense. but u r biased because of lack of self esteem.
            but when i see ur comment about afar, i just change my mind, u lack both commonsense and self-esteem, r u say the eri afar choice u(atheists, different languages and poorest occupier) over their own brothers?

          • Haile S.

            Selam Berhe and Awate people,

            Next IA’s reconciliation campaign will be between inter-South-Sudanese conflict, then Gouled and his Afar opposition, the Sudan Kenya border differences, then the Egypt Sudan Hala’ib triangle dispute, then the Central African inter-ethnic strife ….. and at last provided his God gives some addition years the inter-eritrean-orthodox church division he contributed to saw, as a last minute repentance. I don’t think he has any plan for Eritrean reconciliation process. May be in the post-decay life where no one is observing!

          • Yohannes Zerai

            Hi Hailat,

            I generally agree with your comment that President Isaias would love to play the role of mediator in any conflict and anywhere in the region as it would certainly stroke his ego in addition to giving him much needed breaks from whatever is keeping him boxed in at Adi Halo. Unfortunately, there are two countering problems that may render this idea unworkable.

            1. First, it should be noted that negotiation, mediation, reconciliation — peace-making in general — are matters that are far removed from his area of specialty. In fact, he is known to have an acute aversion to all of these. So, in the course of going about his mediating duty, he may understandably want to tread familiar territory and subconsciously gravitate toward relying on his skills of arrogance, intrigue, vindictiveness, betrayal, etc. And these will only exacerbate the conflict that the mediation effort is supposed to resolve.

            2. The governments of many of the neighboring countries are much smarter than President Isaias himself and it is highly unlikely they will seek his help in resolving their internal or bilateral problems. Even the helpless among them are very aware that President Isaias (i) is good at creating rather than solving political/military conflicts and (ii) has solved not even one of his multiple problems on his own in the past. Therefore they will certainly prefer to have their conflicts mediated by someone else.

            3. You mentioned the possibility that President Isaias may mediate conflicts in countries further afield like Central African Republic (CAR). For your information, distant countries like CAR are very grateful that President Isaias is not ruling in their neighborhood. And if he tries to force himself on them as mediator, trust me, they will either flatly deny that they have problems to be mediated OR else, they will run to shake their adversaries and make peace on their own — All just to avoid having to deal with the man!!

            So, given the sentiment I just mentioned, one clever idea of making use of President Isaias in the cause of peace is to have an international organization officially announce that the president has been appointed to mediate a given conflict. That alone will scare the hell out of the concerned adversaries/enemies and will be enough get them scrambling to make peace on their own before the guy comes anywhere near them!!

            Thank you

          • Yohannes Zerai

            Hi Anmanuel,

            I agree with the point you are trying to make in your comment above.

            Al-Shabab is a terrorist group which proudly identifies itself with the international terrorist organization, Al-Qaeda and unabashedly takes responsibility for its heinous crimes that continue to decimate the Somali people at every turn and by the hundreds at a time.

            It must be stressed that there are few “born-terrorists” in the world, if any! Most present-day terrorists had a decent past of a life that was lived within the bounds of legality and morality. That some Al-Shabab terrorists were (or may have been) engaged in other acceptable pursuits in the past is, therefore, beside the point. What really matters is that they NOW belong to a terrorist organization and are engaged in terrorist activities; and so, they are Terrorists. As a corollary, the claim that some of them were known to DIA in different capacities is of little relevance to the issue at hand. Rather, what is truly relevant is that they are now relating with DIA as members/leaders of a terrorist group!

            While good, decent national leaders — conscious of the value of history and of their legacy to it — strive to attain statesmanship, Isaias Afewerki toils to perfect Warlordism. His archaic, feudalistic and never-changing strategy for blackmailing his neighboring countries is to sponsor their rebels (regardless of whether they are genuine nationalists, terrorists or outright criminals) only to betray them and use them as bargaining chips when he feels he can extract concessions from their governments at their expense.

            He did it with the Eastern Sudan rebels vs the Sudanese Government of Omar al-Bashir; he did it with several Ethiopian rebel groups vs the Ethiopian Government of Abiy Ahmed; he has unsuccessfully tried to do it with the FRUD vs the Djiboutian Government of Ismail Omar Guelleh. He is now set to take a crack at it with his friends at Al-Shabab vs the Somali Government of Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed. How nice! That will complete the rounds for him before he bids the region goodbye!

            Thank you

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Yohannes Zerai. The U.S. had before qualified the ELF a Tier III terrorist organization. The Eritrean Democratic Alliance (EDA) which received support from the TPLF. The TPLF itself has been placed on terrorist tracking lists. At least three of the EDA member groups were factions of the Eritrean Islamic Jihad (EIJ) which had been labeled as a terrorist organisation. EIJ was believed to be responsible for the murder of a British national in Eritrea in 2003 and other terrorists acts inside of Eritrea. How many here have attended those TPLF sponsored EDU meetings held in Ethiopia before? Had the TPLF not have committed the terrorist act of invading Somalia and defeating the Islamic Courts Union (ICU) in 2006, it is highly unlikely that Al-Shabaab would have ever evolved. Switching alliances in Somalia has long been a matter of convenience, economic gain and survival. The current Somali Government led by Formajo, represents a puppet state, only has control of a small swath of Somalia, and is likely to be replaced with elections later this year. One needs to be careful when they start calling others terrorists for they themselves could be easily labeled as same. This is certainly not to exonerate Al-Shabaab for their wrongdoing, for they are a bad lot, but who is reponsible in the end for their creation? TPLF!

          • Yohannes Zerai

            Selam mokie berhe and all:

            Please read below a brief conversation I had with myself immediately after I finished reading the comments above.

            Now, let me condense the information provided above, digest it and try to draw a rational conclusion from it. Okay, so basically the message here is that all Eritrean political/social groups, organizations, alliances, etc. operating anywhere outside the country are either terrorists or political sellouts serving the interests of anti-Eritrean forces like the TPLF.

            *- Wow! That sounds pretty bad! Well, in that case, how about looking inward — inside Eritrea, that is — and see if there are any alternatives.

            *- I like that. Good idea! Fantastic! ….. But, wait a minute; aren’t such organizations officially banned in Eritrea?

            *- Oh w..e..l..l! Okay, on second thought, I feel the situation is not all that bad. Afterall, it only makes it easier for me to draw my conclusion. Isn’t that wonderful? So, here I go with my conclusion: The only political party in Eritrea, i.e., PFDJ with the unelected president HE Isaias Afewerki at the helm should rule the country indefinitely. Simple!!

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Yohannes Zerai. Rational conclusion? You are only drawing a rational conclusion for those who have in fact been TPLF sell-outs (& Agazians). Those who before sold their soles to the TPLF made an individual gambled choice and now must live with the consequences. Instead of disconnecting with the TPLF as they should have done after PMAA came in, they have instead pursued the same PMAA smear campaign as has the TPLF. The fact remains that a vast majority of ‘untainted’ Eritreans in the diaspora are sick and tired of the brutal PIA/PFDJ dictatorship and desire regime change.

          • Yohannes Zerai

            Selam mokie berhe,

            1. You wrote that the conclusion I put at the end of my previous comment is “for those who have in fact been TPLF sell-outs (& Agazians).“ But, I presume those parties do not want to see President Isaias stay in power a day longer, much less to envision him ruling the country indefinitely! So, what other groups do you think are likely to reach such a conclusion?

            2. What conclusion would you say is appropriate to draw from the information you provided in your earlier post?

            3. Your first post in the current exchange was addressed to me and I responded directly to you strictly regarding the material contained therein. But, your second post (also addressed to me), is entirely an indictment of (in your own words) “Those who before sold their soles[sic] to the TPLF … “ — complete with statements on what they did wrong and what they should have done. All that is well and good, but it obviously does not concern me. So, if you have an ax to grind, you ought to take your case to them and not to me, don’t you think?

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Yohannes Zerai. Fair enough and many thanks for your reply.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Mokie,

            Talking about labeling: warning about labeling is good from your side. But…but, isn’t your comment it in itself is full of labels? No wonder, it is hypocrisy at its height. First clean yourself from the dirtiness of labeling.

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Amanuel Hidrat. As you know, UN sanctions were wrongly slapped on the Eritrean Government in 2009 based on allegations of providing military and financial support to Al-Shabaab. In 2017, U.N. Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea found no conclusive evidence of Eritrean support for al-Shabab militants in Somalia.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Mokie,

            There were reports every year by the UN Monitoring group on Somalia since 2009. The monitoring group didn’t get evidence in 2017, does mean they were not caught in the preceding years between 2009 and 2016.

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Amanuel Hidrat. Most know that the UN sanctions were purely politically motivated as the UN had accepted some years ago that there was no longer evidence of Eritrean support for Al-Shabaab.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Mokie,

            Dear Mokie, either you have to argue that the act is not

          • Yohannes Zerai

            Selam mokie berhe,

            1. The phrase “ … there was no longer evidence …” in the above post is much nearer to the truth than is the earlier phrase that the UN-MGSE “ … found no conclusive evidence of Eritrean support for al-Shabab …” you used in your previous post. When understood in the context of the entirety of that post, the latter phrase amounted to a total denial that there exists evidence of Eritrean government support for Al-Shabab during the 2011-2016 period.

            2. You wrote, ” … the UN sanctions were purely politically motivated ….” Of course they were! What else did you expect to drive imposition of sanctions? As you know, ”politically motivated” means an act is carried out in the interests of a particular political party, government or organization. Indeed, we saw the Eritrean government supporting Al-Shabab because doing so served its interests; the U.S. opposes Al-Shabab in its own interests; the members of the UN Security Council voted to impose sanctions on Eritrea in their respective interests! Thus, the possibility of being sanctioned is always there and smart governments prefer to make sure not to fall into the trap of sanctions, than to complain after it has been imposed on them.

            Thank you

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Yohannes Zerai. This might come as a surprise to you, but I was personally knowledgeable of details associated with the transfer of funds to Al-Shabaab to include amounts to whom, when and where. In simple terms of morality, to many Eritreans, it really did not matter what level of proof the U.N. was able to make discovery of against Eritrea, given that U.N. sanctions on Eritrea were clearly viewed as a derivative result of the MZ/TPLF reneging on the EEBC final and binding decision at the detriment of Eritrea and Eritreans. MZ/TPLF for years would simply lie thru their teeth with regards to reasons not to withdraw from Badme. During the same time, MZ/TPLF would launch an isolationist strategy against Eritrea with clear hopes of acquiring Tio port during early stages of an Eritrean implosion. The feeling that ‘the whole world is against us’ within PIA/PFDJ’s political psychology was consolidated with the U.N. P5’s predilection to side with Ethiopia under any and all circumstances (i.e. U.N. sanctions). At the time, it became well known that the U.S. was quickly setting up military support bases in several locations in Ethiopia (i.e. Arba Minch). At some stage and in a self-justifying way, PIA/PFDJ increased its support to Ethiopian opposition groups to eventually include Al-Shabab, as did Ethiopia to Eritrea’s. Both countries stepped up their efforts to counter each other’s influence in the region, but this vicious cycle of regional destabilization clearly exacerbated the isolation of Eritrea.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Mokie,

            If the Eritrean regime supported Al-shebaba, be it financial or war material, it was simply a collaboration with the terrorist group. Hence the sanction by the UN. But one thing you admitted indirectly that you were/are a government operative. No surprise, at least from all your positions in the debate. Actually, you sound a government official whom I challenged him about the border war in 1999 in a public meeting.I see you smiling.

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Amanuel Hidrat. Corpus delicti: A crime must be proven to have occurred before a person can be convicted of committing a crime. The U.N. simply did not have the goods on PIA/PFDJ to support its wicked P5/U.S. globalist motivated actions. Moreover, had the U.N. had rightly slapped sanctions on the MZ/TPLF regime from the start for failing to respect the EEBC final and binding decision, there obviously would not have been any reason for PIA/PFDJ to support Ethiopian opposition/antagonist groups.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Mokie,

            Supporting Al-shebab the terrorist group and supporting the Ethiopian opposition group is two different things. The regime was not sanctioned because of supporting the Ethiopian opposition group. UN imposed sanction on the regime because they were collaborating with Al-shebab, which you have admitted yourself. Don’t mix apples and orange. You don’t need to
            collaborate with terrorist because you are unable to convince your case to the international community. Second transferring fund to a terrorist organization is crime in the eye of international community.

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Amanuel Hidrat. Political matters on the Horn of Africa are far more complex and sophisticated than you seem to understand; especially regarding Somalia. PIA/PFDJ had broken connections with Al-Shabaab long before they were linked with Al-Qaeda. By the way, I know at least three of your former ELF colleagues that do in fact have clear linkages with Al-Qaeda and are on terrorist blacklists. I am sure that you met them before in Ethiopia, most likely at the meeting that Seyoum Mesfin opened. Hey but wait, you even mentioned one of them in am article that you long ago co-wrote hear.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Mokie,

            Nah! It is well documented by the international community, brother. Second there were no meetings of the opposition that was opened by Seyoum Mesfun. The issue of the oppositions was handled by the Ethiopian security office akin to that of Sudanese government for the Eritrean political organizations during the liberation era. The Ethiopian foreign office had nothing to do with us. Seyoum Mesfun was dealing with you (Diplomat to Diplomat). But I know why you brought his name to the picture. Now I know you exactly who you are. Regarding my colleagues of being accused of having a linkage with the terrorist, I don’t have any clue who they are. Why don’t stick with the issue at hand – the regime, Al-shebab and the sanction on the regime.

          • Yohannes Zerai

            Selam Amanuel,

            Yes, that is true. As you pointed out, the UN Monitoring Group did document and publish in their annual reports for the years 2011-2016 hard evidence of Eritrean regime’s assistance to Al-Shabab. In their 2017 report, on the other hand, the Group acknowledged that they did not find conclusive evidence of Eritrean support to Al-Shabab that year. However, they did not stop there but went on to say “But, that does not necessarily mean no support was provided by Eritrea; rather it may mean that the Eritreans were deft and circumspect in the manner they provided support.” (not an exact quote).

            Thank you

          • Yohannes Zerai

            Selam Amanuel,

            Thank you again for sharing yet another link.

            Well, the answer to your question has, in fact, been provided by the caption to the picture that graces the article at the link you provided. That caption reads

            “Eritrean President (right) uses his leverage to sponsor peace talks.”

            The secret here is in the term “leverage” — a power that is secured not, as some in this forum have claimed, out of personal relations forged some 12-13 years ago with leaders of groups that have long gone extinct and some of whom have later drifted into Al-Shabab. No, such power can be acquired ONLY by establishing solid and sustained institutional relationship with the current leadership of Al-Shabab.

            This independent recognition of the leverage that President Isaias enjos and which qualifies him as a suitable mediator between Al-Shabab and the Somali Government has an important implication. It provides circumstantial evidence in support of the UN Monitoring Group’s earlier finding that the Eritrean leader and his regime have long maintained a close relationship with Al-Shabab and its leadership.

            Thank you

        • Paulos

          Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

          Herodotus the Greek historian famously said, “Egypt is the gift of the Nile.” Perhaps the seemingly mythological tone rings certain truths when the entire Egypt’s foreign policy is designed to safe guard the source of the Nile where a stronger Ethiopia is seen as a threat to Egypt’s existence. As such, any political opportunity that brings forth disadvantage to Ethiopia is a welcome thread including when Egypt opened her hands in support of the Eritrean revolution in the late 50s and early 60s as well.

          The obsession with the Nile is not limited to Egyptian leaders, it had also consumed Ethiopian leaders as well including Tewodros and Yohannes where they were determined to fight the Egyptians to the end. It was only King Haileselassie and Colonel Mengistu who opted diplomacy instead where the diplomacy was seen as capitulation to Egypt’s bravado and threat. Meles the lion however, dared not only challenge Egypt but mobilized his people to stand up to Neo-Liberals when they refused to give him loans and grants to build the dam. Heaven however, conspired in favour of Egypt when it took Meles away and brought forth a weak and a sellout leader where the Egyptian leaders consider it as a testament to the “sacred truth” in Herodotus’ eternal maxim. The rest are just footnotes including the pretentious gesture of asking SA to mediate. I say, give me a f*#king break!

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dr Paulos,

            I can’t agree more. The guy is overwhelmed by the issue.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam aman h
            ur love to meles is amazing, i don’t even think u love ur wife like u do to meles.
            Having said that, do u know the exact meaning of “melise bekisu” means? It means liar, who say things for the sake of answering it or for the sake of saying it.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Teodros,

            What ever is going to be you are not allowed to describeth

          • Teodros Alem

            selam kokhob s
            Did u miss any of ur medication or what? i just said his love for meles is amazing, what is wrong with u ? He even don’t deny that, he admitted it day in, day out.
            u guys were elf + eprp + tplf, that doesn’t show u were/r ………, it show a lot of confusion, i think u need more help.

          • Abi

            Paul
            You are permitted to take as many breaks as you wish as long as you are continuously engaging in the only activity that the badly needed break was granted. Just do it!

          • Paulos

            Abination,

            It is not that I am taking a break, it is just that I run out of ideas and nothing to contribute really. But of course, I try to learn of the Forum including your rather encrypted as in wax and gold comments as well. Please keep them coming.

          • Abi

            Paul
            You said “ give me a f*#king break”. And I granted you the badly needed break hopping it would be used only for the purpose it was requested for.

          • mokie berhe

            Salam Paulos. The Agazian choir continues: ‘Meles the lion however, dared not only challenge Egypt but mobilized his people to stand up to Neo-Liberals when they refused to give him loans and grants to build the dam. Heaven however, conspired in favour of Egypt when it took Meles away and brought forth a weak and a sellout leader where the Egyptian leaders consider it as a testament to the “sacred truth” in Herodotus’ eternal maxim’. More accurately, Meles found his calling in hell.

        • Mez

          Good day Amanuel H,

          1) Diplomacy is a much preferred tool than declaration of war; almost always. It is in no ways a sign of weakness, rather to the contrary.

          2) If you clearly follow what the Egyptian are doing with Nile hydro-politics, you may notice that it is the most unifying topic among them–to the extent that quite a big segment of the society even didn’t know that it originates somewhere further away from Egypt.
          2.1) I am suspecting the initiation of the US and world bank mediation was primarily initiated to give a backup-boost to the current Egyptian government against its opponents an its own, for so long, misinformed citizen.
          3) I say this because the differences between the three parties are almost in a solvable state as they stand now.
          3.1) the only key question still to solve is to define a common bench-mark meaning of drought (further divided into meteorological, hydrological, and agricultural ones) for all practical purposes. Drought is a very dynamic (and evolutionary) natural process, which tend to have no common meaning at any given two locations on our earth.

          3.2) once this is defined (which shall be revisited/ redefined at least every 20 or 25 years) there will be a definite convergence in the filling and operation of the dam among the three countries.

          4) regarding the invitation of the South African president, one can assume what that may entail; the Ethiopian government may further work hard to include the other upper Nile riparian countries as, some sort of, negotiating parties further consolidating its negotiation position–African solution for African natural resource sharing challenge. This would help to keep at bay the trigger-happy American President at bay.

          Thanks

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Mez,

            Good points. However negotiations without strength does not bring outcome to your favor, no matter what. Look Ethiopia has lost the leverage it had during PMMZ, and now Egypt is changing from time to time the number of years for filling the dam. Egypt is playing hard ball in the negotiation to the extent the inexperienced PM is overwhelmed by the issue and made him to go from place to place looking for mediators.

          • Selam Mez,

            If i am not mistaken, the president of South Africa is the next head of the AU, and inviting him to participate is rational, unless one is ready to see a problem where there is none.
            I, personally, don’t like the participation of the American president, the IMF and the WB. The USA and the two organizations have always stood with Egypt against Ethiopia concerning the Nile. They had refused in the past to finance any development on the river Nile in Ethiopia, and therefore, they shouldn’t have participated in any negotiations concerning the Nile. In my opinion, they are most probably going to serve Egypt’s interests at the expense of Ethiopia. I can’t rule out such a possibility.
            I have an other fear. They may try to bribe the poor country, Ethiopia, with some hundreds of millions of dollars in aid money, so that Egypt’s interests are served. That is a suicide. It is equivalent to selling Ethiopia’s eternal and generational rights over the Nile. I don’t believe that there are Ethiopian politicians who will dare do such a thing. Nevertheless, Ethiopia should be extremely careful so that she is not tricked into accepting such proposal.

    • Kibreab

      Hello Amanuel,

      You stated that “Tamrat has presented his interview seemingly as a spokesperson of Abiy and his government.”

      How did you reach to that conclusion? I ask because I have not seen anything that supports your statement and the guy clearly states that he is not in government and does not represent anyone but himself. Thank you.

      • Paulos

        Kibreab,

        It is just a matter of time till we say, Tamrat is innocuous in comparison to Abiy when it comes to Eritrea. Time will tell for it is the hidden factor.

        • Kibreab

          Hi Paulos,

          Indeed time will tell and Eritrea should always be on guard. But, to imply that a guy who inhabits in the 19th century world is PMAA’s spokesperson is a stretch and I did not expect Amanuel to make such statement without any supporting evidence.

          BTW, your story about the development of the Bronze and Iron ages was beautiful.

          Thank you.

  • said

    Greeting, Yohannes Zerai
    Thank you for your great in-depth article and your writing and voices deserve amplification
    Great Edward Said wrote in 1984, the feeling of exile is “the unhealable rift forced between a human being and a native place, between the self and its true home”.
    In the 1960s, Marshall McLuhan, a Canadian philosopher and early expert on media theory, declared that “The medium is the message,” implying that the form of the message was as important if not more important than the content.
    Many Eritrean in diaspora feel fortunate to live in a countries that takes freedom of speech so seriously. and limits on what one can say, With social media expanding, getting the message across via Facebook, Twitter and all have become necessary parts of communication and potentially , many Eritrea opposition site ability of an individual or a group to reach an audience has never been greater.
    From the beginning of Eritrean independence , power has been concentrated among a small EPLF ruling class who are hostile to democratic ideals. It’s been a dirty and ugly business since Day One.
    Everything before Eritrean was prelude. IA can do no wrong. That’s the regime , alright, transgressed , bloated, brazen and full of lies become obvious .
    “Eritrean people do not want war!” even those Eritrean are known for their bravery against Ethiopian colonizer .
    IA architect of Eritrea civil war is one of the worst tragedies of the late twenty-first century. which had devolved into a bitter civil war. Thousands of young people have died for IA advancement and IA who had risen through the same dead-end wars, and meddling in neighbouring nation was very costly in lives and disastrous is just one of many. fundamentally unjust and destructive. In short, there doesn’t seem to be much of a horror story here. IA consider himself a war strategist beyond compare. IA rise to glory will seem familiar to all of you, even by eliminating and assassinating EPLF top cadre and his own close trusted colleagues . Moral being down. Eritrean military can’t win a war anymore. it’s never come out on top anywhere wining. with strikingly negative consequences, causing more death, destruction, and misery. and that PFDJ had been lying to public of wining the war an wanted war . The ugly war .Keep in mind that, after almost two decades without a victory in sight, no surprise. that isn’t an accomplishment of the first order. Just IA creating instability for the entire region.
    He have settled on a strategy of stalemate . from Ethiopian side implementing its own version of the stalemate strategy no war no peace .sadly price paid by Eritrean people. Despite the fact that the war has left countless people homeless, Much of the village and towns lies in ruins, perhaps never again to recover. Sadly the destroyed parts of the country are going to stay part of rubble in a graveyard. IA failed, and the failure continues. keep part of the country a pile of rubble. No matter the costs to the Eritrean people.
    Eritrea need to have an ideological political vision for the future. It must rallies disparate sectors of society unhappy with the burdens of IA , an economy whose horizon is always bleak, and three decades of international isolation. Our political analyses spring from idealistic liberal hopes and are symptomatic of the larger problem we have in understanding politicos of our country .There was great opportunity in recent years 2013 as reported then .after mutinous soldiers stormed the Ministry of Information and took over the state-run television service, apparently in a coup attempt.
    The coup attempt failed, with government troops quelling the would-be rebellion and no one rising up in the streets, “There’s a lot of dissatisfaction within the armed forces,” said Dan Connell, a professor at Simmons College in Boston and the author of several books on Eritrea. “If this is suppressed, it won’t be the end.”
    And recent the rise of Ahkrai and many others. Eritrean ,the majority they never came to revolt. For some it tantamount to betrayal. none of this is particularly new or even remarkable. Truly had they wanted a change of regime and a revolution, they could have had one when they could crammed the streets of Asmara and in front of headquarter of the regime and the state television and radio station. if it weren’t for the regime supporting IA remined quite and they are in denial and obfuscation . Many Eritrean who are happy to go with the regime flow and run in the dangerous playgrounds of their master , or selfish fear or basking in opportunism and or both not relating and identifying with the leader of the revolt and Couse the protest leader, Colonel Saleh Osman, a veteran of the liberation war and respected serving officer reputed to have refused orders to withdraw from the city of Assab during the 1998-2000 border war with Ethiopia . was Saleh was simply demanding political reform. And if you are wondering what the cause is, you’ll find almost everyone has a different theory. there are many heroes who will never be known.
    But sadly in short time euphoria did not last for Eritrean independence . In the late 1990s, Eritrea and Ethiopia waged a costly war over, in which tens of thousands of people died. Shortly afterward, IA rounded up political elite and peaceful dissidents and many great journalists, dooming them to years in prison, often in human sweltering, underground shipping containers.
    IA purging of a group of fifteen ministers who demanded political reform in 2001. Dissident Eritrean soldiers with tanks took over the information ministry and forced state media to call for political prisoners to be freed. Sadly Eritrean soldiers being obedient and have not gone as far as to demand the overthrow of the government. The soldiers began broadcasting a statement demanding the implementation of the constitution — never enacted by Parliament — and the release of thousands of political prisoners, including a number of high-profile journalists, and former ministers, senior military officers and officials known as the “G15”.
    The cost to Eritrea is being huge .Eritrea has waged war with its neighbors, and the United Nations has imposed sanctions.
    If the regime is gone , Perhaps none of them can publicly cheer IA ’s demise, We know What ever remained Eritrean opposition’s political infrastructure inside has all but been destroyed long time ago. Meanwhile, the “Eritrean people” will continue living under oppression and repressive state and crippled economy and development. Our society crumbling before our eyes. Economic disasters do not generally happen in a vacuum. true free markets and price discovery are not allowed to flourish. As long as regime remain in charge, of Eritrean economy will never be strong economy and healthy and intended to save the current system while Eritrea takes a nosedive. A failed state, No greener economic pastures. And that’s what matters to most Eritrean . For just about every key figure in the economic and progress index the regime failed , you can now safely say that failure continues to be the order of the day.
    Eritrean will continue to get poorer and angrier, and in their frustration and fear and looming calamity. Eritrean are paying economic hardship, oppression, humiliation, and diminishing spirits. And only add to Eritrean’ grief and suffering , Besides these grievances, Sadly . innocent Prisoners have suffered ghastly, and all will remain in jail without trial until they die. Eritrean are suffering and a sense of despair is deepening throughout the country. These economic factors undermined social support by eroding strong traditional family structures and religious participation, resulting in deep despair. There is no an outpouring of empathy for those fleeing Eritrea or the Eritrean in thousands stuck in refugee camps in Sudan.
    Then our diaspora disparate politician , intellectuals, journalists and diaspora of every color and diaspora such as see in our community ,they can return to imagining them any way we want to be . Sadly, the deepening despair now being faced by a growing number of Eritrean. did we allow this madness to continue! For sell out Living in Eritrea and diaspora warps one’s perception. The constant denial of all the subjugation and brutality, recent past and present, has a degrading effect on the conscience. Compassion contradicts the logic of regime. But also in the everyday lives of the citizenry. It’s like being constantly gripped by a tight, hot sarah desert touch. How does one cool oneself against it?
    At the very least Eritrean opposition in general and the public at large we should hold our leadership of every kind – or those who present themselves as leaders – accountable, publicly, privately, In fact, Eritrean are at the centre of the resistance both at home and abroad. it is the well known legend and stories of Eritrean people fighting for freedom, liberation ,independence and today for fighting justice and to secure the dignity and rights that deserve to be uplifted and praised. And a new young generation of advocates working for a better future and raising awareness and courageous are the sisters who fight injustice in our community is one of courage and principle. One could only pray for their strength, stamina and renewed spirits.in the last 3 decades inside Eritrean faced with end result of complete collapse on all levels and the most important is moral damage of people with loss of hope, helplessness and frustration. Real outrage calls for action. IA is the opposite of rights and justices; he is about domination and control.

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam Yohannes,

    As promised, you have come with a magnificent article that explains all the signs and symptoms on the decaying regime of Eritrea. The peace agreement between our despot and Abiy (as oppose peace between the two people) will not live long, as the ego drives of these two personalities will inevitably comes in to an irreconcilable conflict. Our despot will out last Abiy by his Machiavelli tricks and exploiting the domestic leadership crises of Ethiopian politics. There are reasons as to why our despot was expressing his joy by chest beating and extending hand kissing to the Ethiopian people at large in his visit to Addis and other notable places in Ethiopia. He found inexperienced young leader in Ethiopia that he could maneuver him easily to serve in satiating his egos. The twists and turns of Ethio-Eritrean politics will continue as something never ends, as long as our despot outlived us. Thank you for this timely illuminating piece.

    • Yohannes Zerai

      Selam Amanuel,

      Thank you for your compliments about the article.

      I agree with your brief analysis of some of the qualities of the two leaders and the nature of their relationship. Certainly, President Isaias is an old hand at self-aggrandisement, conspiracy, manipulation, betrayal — although he lately seems to be losing even those despicable qualities as evidenced by his mundane statements and infantile behavior. Prime Minister Abiy, on the other hand, has charisma and public-speaking skills. Early in his premiership, he used those attributes effectively to arouse strong public sentiments in Ethiopia — and in the region as a whole — by preaching ideals that people everywhere care about passionately and are hungry for: Peace, democracy, human rights, fairness, unity/harmony (medemer), “building bridges of peace and friendship,” “demolishing barriers of hatred,” and so on, and so forth. As a result, he was able to win hearts and minds everywhere, but only for a brief period.

      As time went by, it is becoming apparent to everyone that “preaching” is all there is to the man; that his sole mission is, in fact, to garner fame and glory for himself. But, when it came to governance, he fell flat on his face. Banks were robbed, churches and mosques were burned down, ethnic conflicts claimed scores of lives, whole communities were displaced, government officials were ambushed, military Generals were assassinated with no response of any kind from the PM. Simply put, he has not been able to restore law and order in the country. God save Ethiopia! But then, this is a man who grew up hearing his mother telling him, “You will be the seventh king of Ethiopia!” And by his own admission, this wish/prospect was the beacon that guided his life. So now, who can blame him if the ‘pursuit of his dream’ tops his political agenda? *

      As for the fate of the unusual relationship between the two leaders, time is a great revealer of the truth and of closely guarded secrets; and so it will be with the secrets that these two men have kept from the rest of us — the peoples of both countries. Right now, however, it seems to me that both of these ambitious leaders have up their respective sleeves the tricks they plan to play on each other “at the right time.” And they will not hesitate to use them to screw each other up when their respective ambitions demand it.

      Thank you

      * To those who are pained by the slightest criticism of the PM, I would like to assure them that the forgoing is not an attack on his personality or his authority. It is simply a mention of some verifiable facts of his record as a leader.

      • Haile S.

        Selam Yohannes,

        Great points, as usual. The secret-deal between the two leaders is kept secret because it wouldn’t satisfy either both or one of their people. And looking at what has been implemented by PMAA and nothing at all implemented by PIA, it can only be interpreted as Eritreans being the biggest losers.

        It is very debilitating to see the defiance of our despot to implement the slightest change. The Eritrean people are deprived of so many things that the despot thinks a promise for a Mana-coming-soon, subtly spread by his cadres would sooth his people’s deprivation. It is monstrous.

        Regarding what the two leaders are keeping under their sleeves, we have elements of speculation. Our despots’ sleeve is full of instruments to muzzle his people, there is no place for tricks against his ‘lover’. In addition he seems to have gone there naked, based on his and his two representatives attitude during their visits. However, PMAA’s sleeve is full of visible and non-visible things. He expressed his wish long before the unveiling of the bride-groom relationship with a huge ambition saying he wants his vanquished Navy resuscitated, and he is implementing this wish. Who knows what its use is going to be when the love-affair ends. PMAA sleeve is engorged with surprises. Our despot’s is old, ruffled, predictable and most of all full of instruments for internal repression. Every harm he causes outside his country is a collateral damage of his internal repression.

        • Selam Haile S.,

          What do you make of this conspiracy theory, if i may call it? You know the French much more than all of us. Djibouti, a very small country, gives back almost nothing to France for taking the responsibility to guarantee its sovereignty, which of course incurs an economic cost on France.
          If you take the KSA, the USA is well paid for the defense umbrella it is providing for the kingdom since the 1930s. The same holds true for the other gulf states. On the contrary, as i said above, France is wasting money without gaining anything.

          The problem with the waterway is that extremist forces may block it to shipping. These forces may work with Iran or others, who are against the interest of the West. Therefore, creating a navy of a country that is trusted by the West, i.e. Ethiopia in this case, may take off the burden and the trouble to a certain extent from the navy of Western countries stationed in Djibouti. Ethiopia could satisfy China, Japan and others as well.

          In addition, Ethiopia has a long term interest in Djibouti, and it would guarantee its sovereignty for its own sake, much more than for any other reason.

          What would you think of western powers wanting ethiopia to replace them someday in the future, instead of stationing their navy permanently in Djibouti that incurs loss for them? As i said above, Djibouti is ethiopia’s lifeline for its sea import-export trade, and both have every reason to defend the waterway and cooperate.

          By the way, egypt is already opposed to ethiopia having its own navy. Fortunately, at least France is supporting it.

          • Haile S.

            Selam Horizon,
            It is not conspiracy, it is an analysis based on present situation and the uncertainties. Very interesting you skipped and placed Eritrea completely out of the picture. Anyway, it is the Eritrean leadership’s fault leaving Eritrea visibly out of any consideration for such roles, not necessarily due to its pompous independence from foreign influence our regime boasts, since as we have seen as recently as this week Eritrea’s participation in meeting of littoral states. But it is the regime’s incapacity and disdain to exchange bilaterally in an assertive and visible way with powerful western states that have interest in the area. The regime has excluded and no more have diplomats capable of handling such matters. When Tamrat Negera said “Eritrean need one big Embassy in Addis only, and nowhere else” he is not far from what is actually happening except the big Addis Embassy is at the foundation level. He talked with full understanding of the prevailing situation of Eritrea.
            On Djibouti, I don’t think France is there spending at a loss. It has gains that are explained by what is called sphere of influence of various types in the region. In addition, Djibouti has been serving as a link to Reunion and other Islands in the Indian ocean as well as Madagascar where it has an influence.

            France giving up its role and Djiboutian bases for Ethiopian navy is a huge ambition that can be done by a country that posses its own ports and coastal areas. Even if Djibouti’s grew to its present size as a colony from a simple port possession of Obock because of the commercial interest with Manelik’s Abyssinia, it has asserted its independence as a country in matters of sovereignty. Giving such a big role to a completely external and far located superpower is different from giving such privilege to your neighbor. I don’t know what kind of tantalizing compensation would invite a country even as small as Djibouti incite it to handle a role so huge replacing superpowers to its immediate neighbor.

        • Yohannes Zerai

          Selam Hailat,

          Your comments certainly raise some interesting points and I would like to respond to a couple of them:

          1. As with everything “Isaiasian”, the ‘Mana-coming-soon’ deception tool you mentioned in your comment is now too old and too overused, hence too worn-out to have any effect on the thinking of the Eritrean people any longer — not that it had much effect in the past either (except perhaps during the first couple of years after the regime introduced it as an annual exercise in false promises, a charade to be precise). But the Eritrean people have come a long way in their thinking since those old days of innocence and apologetic, unqualified defense of “ተጋደልቲ ደቅና”.

          It is now becoming increasingly obvious that not only have our people raised their awareness of the regime’s tricks and deceptions, but they have begun to exhibit an incipient defiance of its manipulative decisions and actions. An example of such public reaction took place in ሰረጀቓ (ዞባ ማእከል) recently where people openly scoffed at the regime’s opportunistic reversal of its 15-year “policy” that had frozen distribution of ጤሳ መሬት to residents and banned housing construction in and around the village. The 15-year period also witnessed the regime (i) confiscating land that had been officially allocated to qualified residents, and (ii) illegally and secretly awarding ጤሳ መሬት to non-resident members and supporters of PFDJ — very interesting stuff! (Please read/listen to Radio Erena’s news report of January 7, 2020 for details).

          2. I agree completely with your assessment of Isaias’s abilities and capabilities. His old age and, I believe, the aftereffects of his cerebral-malaria treatment [he received in Israel in 1994(?)] are catching up with him. So in reality, all he can do is try to prolong his rule by keeping in place all his evil machinations of oppression, subjugation and impoverishment of the population and relying on his spying & surveillance apparatus.

          Nevertheless, one should also not discount Isaias’s undying ambition of one day becoming a powerful leader that influences conditions and developments over the entire Horn region. As you know, selfish and evil thoughts of dictators — and ambition is one of them — can be as potent sources of menace as are their cruel and destructive actions. Indeed, the former would inevitably lead to the latter.

          Finally, what I believe Isaias has up his sleeves is a pipedream of influencing (if not guiding) political developments in Ethiopia by controlling Dr. Abiy Ahmed’s thinking and having the PM serve as a channel and implementer of the agenda he wants to push forward. I, of course, do not think for a minute that he will make even an inch of progress toward the realization of that insane idea. But I also cannot dismiss the potential for crisis developing as a repercussion of his desperate attempt to achieve his crazy objectives. Well, time will tell ….

          Thank you

          • Haile S.

            Selam Yohannes,
            You are absolutely right. I agree!

      • Selam Yohannes Zerai,

        No, not at all. You are much nearer to the truth than digital woyane. The problem is that you are giving much credit to what IA can achieve, as others are doing so for their own reasons. They try to show that IA is the great magician and Abiy is the duckling. What eritreans were made to believe about IA and created the demigod out of him, will not be repeated in ethiopia. There aren’t the right criteria. That is a fact. In addition, unless one is charismatic and an orator, politics is the wrong place for him, and pm Abiy seems to be in the right place. Tplf could convince ethiopians with brute force, but this time over, it must be somebody who could convince them with his words and actions by avoiding force as much as possible and by giving rights to the people. That, i think, is what pm Abiy is doing.

        If IA is working to rule both countries, then, it will be a tragedy for those who are hell bent to oppose everything that has to do with ethiopia. If he is to serve ethiopia’s interest, of which many are scared of even of the idea let alone seeing it happen, that would be the worst thing that would happen in their lifetime. One way or the other, for those who do not want to see ethiopia gain, they would rather inflate IA’s chances of winning, and thus undermine any agreement that may happen between the two countries.

        Abiy’s weak points and their remedy, i.e. using force against force, is not a mystery. One can imagine what will happen if he uses the right medicine many have in mind. If he is after the so called ‘olf shenee’ in oromia, as the federal army is doing at this moment, there are people who are crying foul, and are saying that crime is being committed and where is democracy. One way or another, they will find a reason to blame him. That may be the reason he doesn’t want to fall into their trap by by using force as a reflective action as the tplf government used to do.

        IA is not going to win in ethiopia whatsoever, and Abiy the same in eritrea, and where is the one screwing the other, unless trade and cooperation are interpreted as such?

        The problem called IA is eritrea’s problem and not ethiopia’s. It has its own medicine and it is not manufactured in ethiopia. Ethiopians have no reason to worry about him. Abiy or somebody else, nothing is going to change. Tplf was a worse enemy for eritrea, nevertheless, the anti-Abiy hate group do not have any problem at all with that. On the contrary, they have presented themselves as matchmakers between tigray and eritrea. We will see where that will take them.

        • Yohannes Zerai

          Selam Horizon,

          Your comment starts with a statement that tries to associate me with your so-called “digital woyane.” Is that meant to defame me or is it your way of trying to incite a cycle of verbal attacks, name calling and spiteful labeling among Eritreans at the Forum? Which one is it?

          Whatever your intent may be, please do not cheapen the level of discourse.You can wallow in the mud of trivialities, recriminations, fear-mongering, panic-entertaining and other malicious pursuits all you want. But please do not try to drag others to your level.

          • Selam Yohannes Zerai,

            Your response shows that you are easily vexed and frustrated. If you have read my response with a cool mind, maybe you could have seen that i had other people in my mind, and not you. Be sure i am not in any way jelouse of your superior position, which may exist only in your mind. You better learn to accept opinions that differ from yours, because people do think and there is not one opinion, and for that somebody’s opinion. That is how dictators are formed.
            You seem to have a big problem with Ethiopians participating in this forum. Why don’t you direct your complaint to the moderators, if it really bothers you to that extent.

          • Yohannes Zerai

            Dah!

          • Selam Yohannes Zerai,
            Hope you cure yourself of your temper tantrum. It will be a good thing. Wish you will not have a relapse.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Yohannes,

        Like many of you, I was in support to the PM’s rhetorical remarks, early on, when he occupied the office of premiership. He turned me off when he said “Derg was not defeated” – a denial of history, intended to mimick the nostalgia of the extreamist – the Derg remnants and the arrogant Amhara elites, who are still against the aspiration of Eritrean people and independent Eritrea.

        On the Ethiopian front when he said that “the last 27 years was the darkest era part of Ethiopian history”and when actually, there are many Ethiopian regimes who were worse than the EPRDF Government. How soon he wanted us to forget the terror of Derg against Ethiopian and Eritrean people. Second, to deny the achievements on the ground, while he himself was part of the driving machine of that development. Third, lifting the state of emergency while the country is unstable and still the terrorist are working actively in the south. By loosening the security, he let the Ethiopian ethnics to be at each other’s throat and millions of Ethiopian to be displaced. Fourth, releasing prisoners indiscriminately without scrutinizing the nature of their crimes. Those who conspire the state and were put in jail under his predecessors let them free. And it did not took them time for to conspire against his government. Add all these facts to his resume as bad judgements that affect Ethiopia and Eritrea. In my book, he is very consequential in a bad way both to Ethiopia and Eritrea, hence I am against his moves especially that is associated with our despot. The way they are allied, there is not a fight against the despot without fighting Abiy and his conspiracy.

        • Peace!

          Hi Emma,

          I just tried to take everything you just said in this comment and apply into our situation, and sadly, I found it a jaw dropping. The fact is that EPRDF was a fake party formed by Meles Zenawi who ruled Ethiopia for life – two five year terms presidency and then after Prime minister for life. After 27 years of oppression, people rose and force EPRDF to consider major reform or face revolution, and as a result, Abiy was elected by EPRDF. He released all prisoners without condition including criminals, and when asked, his response was EPRDF itself was a criminal entity. just like PFDJ is a fake and criminal party with no legitimacy to rule the country or to prosecute citizens.

          The other thing is you keep saying achievements, but the fact is people do not rise up and die in droves in times of achievements and prosperity.

          Peace!

  • mokie berhe

    Salam all. U.S. now going berserk over upcoming planned visit of China’s Foreign Minister to Eritrea. Maritime silk road worries galore. China didn’t spend all that money on Djibouti (inc rail) just to have it undercut by Assab. Some ET shipping agents have been notified of anticipated Assab start up; January date had earlier been mentioned but I doubt that time-line will be kept.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Mokie,

      You sound like “FishMilk” in all aspects of your comments and arguments, including the choices of your words – a complete concordance to the PFDJ manual.

      • mokie berhe

        Salam Amanuel Hidrat. I believe that Ras Abi might be a tad quicker than you. Anyways, my comment is not made with the intent of giving any form of support to the PIA/PFDJ regime. Having said that, I do believe opposition efforts which disproportionately focus on attacking/defaming PMAA are misguided and risk backfiring and it is advantageous to instead attack PIA/PFDJ on the basis of atrocities which continue to occur inside of Eritrea.

        • Abi

          Hi mokie b
          I see you have kept the high level connection intact.

  • Haile S.

    Selamat Yohannes,

    A profound analysis. Thank you. Here is my way of translating your analysis in tigrigna.

    መራሕ መንግስቱ
    ናይ ውልቁ ናይ ብሕቱ
    ክልተ ዝቑጽሮም ኣብ ዓለም ወከልቱ
    ሚኒስትራት ዘይብሉ ብዘይካ ተለኣኣኽቱ
    ምኽሪ ቤት ዘይብሉ እንትርፊ ሞጎስቱ ጸወይቱ
    ሓቀኛ ኣምባሳደራት ዘይብሉ ብዘይካ ሓፋሽ ውድባቱ
    ዲፕሎማሲ ኣካይዶም ዝብለ ተራ YPFDJ ኣባላቱ
    ክስደድ ዝወጽእ ዜጋ’ምበር ዘይብላ ሃገሩ ክቕመጣ ዝኣቱ

    ሰሚዕኩም’ዶ መራሒ ኣመሓላሊፉ ዓመታዊ መልእኽቱ!
    እቲ ህዝበ-ሃገር-ጠመተ-ኣልቦ ድልየቱ
    ባዕሉ ኣብ ባዕሉ ዝገልጸሉ ትምኒቱ
    ናይ ኣፈ-ልቡ ናይ’ታ ትርግቱ
    ዘሰራስራ ብኢዱ በጻብዕቱ
    ፍሽኽ ፍሽኽ ትብል ምስ ጎረባብቱ
    እታ እኳ ተኾርኒፋ ተቖጢዓ ትነብር ኣብ ገዛእ ቤቱ

    ጽምኣቱ ዲፕሎማሲ ዝብሎ እዩ ነይሩ
    ዲፕሎማሲ ኣሳሊጥና ኮይና እንኮ ቁምነገሩ
    እንታይ ዝዓብስ እንተተባህለ፡ መልሲ ተሰዊሩ
    ዜጋ ብጥበብ ኣይሓዘ ካይስደድ ረጥሪጡ ሃገሩ
    ናብራ ኣየቃለለ፡ ስክፍታ ኣየልዓለ፡ ሰብ ተደናጊሩ
    ፍትሒ ኣይሰፈነ፡ ወላዲ ኣይቀሰነ፡ እንታይ እዩ ገይሩ

    ሓንቲ እንኮ ዝርኣናሉ ተግባሩ
    ንሱ ንኢትዮጵያ ብታሕጓስ ምዛሩ
    ዜጋታቱ ግና ዓጽዩ ዶብ ከይሰግሩ
    ፈሪሑ ዘይኮነ ከይደናበሩ
    ደስ ስለዝብሎ መከራ ክዓትሩ

    ግና ቀሪባ እያ ጊዜ መከራ-ሓሳር ንምቕባሩ
    ቅሳነት ሰፊኑ መንእሰይ ክምለስ ሃገሩ
    ጥበብ ቀሲሙ፡ ተማሂሩ

    • Yohannes Zerai

      Selam Hailat,

      ይበል ትርጉም፣ ይበል መብርሂ፣ ይበል ተወሳኺ ሓሳባት፣ ይበል ግጥሚ! እንታይ ክወጾ!
      “ክብረት ይሃበልና” እንተዘይኰይኑ ካልእ እንታይ ዝበሃል ኣልዩ።

    • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

      ሃይላት ግደፍ ግደፍ
      ኣየዋጸኣካን ዩ ህልኽ ምስ ርእሰ ህግደፍ
      ንሶም ንሶም ኣነ በየነይ
      ምዃነይ እሞ እመነለይ
      ኣሚንካዶ? ተማም ንቐጽል

      በል ክትንትነልካ ናተይ ድሕረ ባይታ
      ረዙመ ዲኹም ትብልዎ በዓል ሓነይታ?
      በል ከውጸአልካ በብሓደ ካብ ስቱር ለቖታ

      ኣብ ትሕተ ዕድመ ከለኹ
      ጃንሆይ ሰብ ደልዮም ክልእኩ
      ናተይ ዝብልዎ ብሚስጢር ከልሕኹ
      መናውራ ጀብሃ ዓባይ ክድህምኹ
      ወል! ኣነ ግዲ ተሓረኹ!

      ወጠንኩልካ ንሰውራ ከውርዳ ኣብ ዕዳጋ
      ተመሲለ ግዱስ ዜጋ
      ነዛ ውልዶ ቃልሲ ናጽነት ክዘርጋ

      ኣመኑኒ መሰልኩዎም ብጻዮም
      ግዜ ኣይወሰደለይን መን ካብ መን ክመምዮም
      ኣይፈለጡን ከመ-ቕጽበት ከምዝጠልሞም
      ሕጂ ተዝሪኡስ ክንደይ ምገረሞም!
      ንኺድ ጥራይ

      ሰደዱኒ ክመሃር ናብ ቻይና
      ሽዑ ተራእየኒ ሓይሊ ናይ ዓፈና
      ሓደ ክብል ጀመርኩ ‘ታ ናይ ጸይቂ ካዝና
      ክኽዝና!

      ተመሊሰ ሕሉፍ ሃገራዊ ከምስል
      ጸብጻባት ግን ናብ ጃንሆይ ከቐብል

      ኣይዶንጎኹን ናተይ ካምፓኒ ክምስርት
      ጸለመ ጀመርኩ ጀብሃ ኣድሓርሓሪት!
      እስላማዊት! ንኽስታን ሓራዲት!
      በልኩ

      ሕብረይ ቀያይረ
      ቀትሪ ኣብ ዓላ ለይቲ ኣብ ቃኘው ክሓድር ጀሚረ
      በደቂቕ ጸብጻበይ ገለን ሓቂ መብዛሕቲኡ የዐሚረ
      ይምለስ ንዓላ ማሕላ ናይ ጃንሆይ ኣኽቢረ
      ብድሕሪኡ ትፈልጥ መስልኒ እንታይ ከምተገብረ
      ንንጠሮም ገለ ዓመታት

      ንሃገር ይጠቕሙ ዝበልኩዎም
      ከምዘይሓልፍ ‘ንካ ኣጥፋእኩዎም
      ኣብ ጎድንኻ ሰብ ጨጓር ዳንጋ
      ድሙድሙ ተተወዲኡ ኣብቲ ዕትሮ ዳጋ
      ተዘይኮይኑ ሰብ ትልእኽ ናብ ዕዳጋ
      ዊሰከ-ሚስኪ ጨርባሕባሕ ተብሎ
      ወዲ ኣዳም ዘይፈለጠ ጽባሕ ከምዝዕሎ
      ብመርዛም መልእኽተይ ብጨጓር-ዳንጋ ይዕሎ
      ክላእ! ኣዛርቢካኒ ክንደይ ‘ከ ክትብሎ

      ስምምዐይ ምስ ጃንሆይ ‘ዩ ኔሩ
      ሕጂ ደኣ ንታይ ‘ዩ ነገሩ?
      ደሓን ንስገሮ

      ናጽነት ደበኽ ኣይትብልን
      ብዘይ ናተይ ድሌት ብዘይ ናተይ ውጥን
      ሕጂ’ሞ ‘ንታይ ‘ንኹን?
      ግምጥል ‘ንካ በልኩ ኣይትኣምንን!
      መንድየ ኣነ ሓውኻ?

      ኢሱ-ኢሱ በለት ሃገር
      ኣይፈለጠትንን ከምዝኾንኩ ዝዓበኹ ፈገር
      ናጽነት ‘ሲ መጺኣ ብዘይድሌተይ ሕጂሞ ‘ንታይ ይገበር?
      በልኩ

      ድሕሪ ሰለፋ ‘ንታይ ተረፋ
      ድዮም ዝበሎ ሓቀይ
      ሕጂ ናበይ ሕብእ? ምሰጥፋእካ በዓል ወዲ ዓፋ
      በዓል ወዲ ጋይም ወዲ ፍላንሳ ወዲ ከሊፋ
      በዓል ጓል ቀሺ ጓል ዑማሮ ናይቲ ግዜ ፈላስፋ

      ዝዛርብ ዘይኮነስ ሰማዒ ተሳኢኑ
      ሰብ ኣጫሕም ረቢሾሙና ክብሉ ጀመሩ ሰብ ከራስኑ
      ኣነ ከምዝመሃዝኩዎ ‘ዚ ኹሉ ጸይቂ
      መን ፈለጦ ንስተ ጥራይ ኣረቂ!

      ብጻዮም ዝመስሎም ዝነበሩ
      ገበርኩዎም ኣብ ትሒቲ ጉድጓድ ከምዝ ሰፍሩ
      እንታይ ስለዝገበሩ
      ወል ካብ ቀዳሞት ብጾቶም ስለዘይተማህሩ

      ‘ንታይ ‘ዶ ጌሮም ‘ዮም ‘ቶም ቀዳሞት?
      በል! ንሱ ‘ዩ መግለጺ ናተይ ጥልመት
      ግደፈኒ ሕጂ ክበልዕ ጠዓሞት!

      ሓጥያተይ ከይዝክር
      ‘ሞ ተካል ለይቲ ከይሓድር
      ከም ልሙድ ከይብህርር
      ሕጂ ኣቢለካዶ ሕርር?

      ኣነ ኢሱ ኣንበሳ!
      መን ‘ዩ ሕጂ ስልጣነይ ዝወርሳ?
      ህግደፍ ኣፍሪሱ ሓርነት ዝመልሳ
      ሃገር ዝድብሳ
      ዓቕሚ ‘ተሎ ሃየ ፎርሳ!

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        ሰላም መሃንድሳይ,

        ይበል ኣብዚ’ኔሄ ታሪኽ ሓዘል ግጥሚ:: ንዝፈልጥዎ የዘኻኽር: ንዘይፈልጥዎ ኸአ ይምህር:: when history is told artistically like what you did, it is easily absorbed at the receptors end. Well done brother.

        • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

          Thank you Profs Emma/Hailat!

      • Haile S.

        Selam Mehandsha,

        Suberb as usual! The way you told the life history reminds of the movie Hero with Dustin Hofmann and Andy Garcia. The french title of the film speaks better ‘ hero malgre lui’ that can be translated as “hero in spite of himself”. Of course for reasons you explained well in your poem, Isu didn’t become a hero accidentally like Andy Garcia in the film.