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Horn of Africa: Port-Politics Taken to New Levels

Yesterday, the Djiboutian President Ismael Guelleh concluded a two-day visit to Mogadishu where he met the Somali president Abdullahi Formaggio and gave a speech at the parliament.

During his stay, Guelleh reopened the old Djiboutian embassy in Mogadishu and discussed several bilateral agreements with his counterpart.

As Guelleh concluded his visit to Somalia, Osman Saleh, the Eritrean minister of foreign affairs together with Yemane Gebreab, made an unannounced visit to Hargeisa, Somaliland. This is the first high level visit by Eritrean officials.

Since it announced its separation from Somalia in 1991, Somaliland has been denied recognition by the UN and other countries except by a few that include Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and Ethiopia. The visit of the Eritrean officials to Hargeisa has raised eyebrows in Somalia.

For the last few years, the UAE has been at odds with both Somalia, Somaliland, and Djibouti over port concessions and other deals. in February 2018 Djibouti unilaterally terminated the concession contract it had awarded to Dubai Ports World (DPW) for the operation of the Doraleh Container Terminal. Djibouti’s action led to a legal dispute with the UAE, which resorted to a court and the case was arbitrated for the benefit of DPW. However, Djibouti has refused to recognize the arbitrators’ decision.

The UAE also made deals with Somaliland and Puntland to operate the ports of Berbera and Bossaso on the African coast. However, the Somali government refused to recognize the deals that were made with Somaliland and Puntland. Mogadishu holds the two regions are part of Somalia and any deal should be concluded with the Federal Government of the Republic of Somalia.

For almost a decade, the UAE has been rushing to control the ports in Djibouti, Yemen, Eritrea, Somaliland, and Somalia.

Following the Doraleh dispute with Djibouti, the UAE also lost control of the port of Berbera in Somaliland. The Berbera port deal was abrogated by Somaliland claiming it was facilitated through shady deals involving a local businessman and some parliamentarians.

The scramble for ports surrounding the Bab El-Mendeb gateway of the southern tip of the Red Sea by the UAE came to the limelight in 2015 when the UAE and Saudi Arabia started an extensive war against Yemen.

As a result of the war in Yemen, in the summer of 2018 the mounting differences led to a comprehensive boycott of Qatar by the  Saudi-UAE alliance.

The effects of the fallout out between the Saudi-UAE alliance and Qatar has serious effects on the politics of all the countries in the Horn of Africa whose relations with the three countries is based on their positions on the war in Yemen. None of the Horn of African countries has openly declared its position on the war in Yemeni but their relations to the Arabian Gulf countries is considered an indication of their position.

In 2015, Isaias the Eritrean president has provided a military base for the UAE that has built an air and a naval base a few kilometers north of the port of Assab, close to the Bab El-Mendeb gateway, across the Red Sea facing Yemen.

In February 2019, Mohammed Formaggio, the Somali president visited Qatar, where he secured financing for several development projects in Somalia.

Today, March 19, 2019. PM Abiy is expected to arrive in Doha, Qatar on a state visit.

Meanwhile, Gedab News learned from credible sources that the UAE is working towards recognizing the independence of Somaliland from Somalia. According to the sources, the visit by the Eritrean officials is to convince Somaliland to improve its relations with the UAE.

Until the Eritrean government switched sides in 2015, Qatar was its major ally and benefactor in the region.

Related Links:

  1. Warships in Asseb: The agony Of Irrelevance (Nov. 4, 2015)
  2. UAE Air Force Kills an Eritrean Fisherman and Wounds Six May 9, 2017)
  3. A Third of the Bombing Sorties on Yemen Deployed from Eritrea (Nov. 5, 2017
  4. Saudi, UAE, and Eritrean Internet Trolling Cooperation (March 27, 2018)

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Eritrea: Gedab Reports (Aug 26, 2000 – Aug 21, 2001)

The following are condensed one-year worth of Gedab Reports. Human beings are forgetful by nature, …

  • Hayat Adem

    Dear Friends,
    I was watching a link to video sent to me. In that video, a church man was monologuing about our current situation. The man spoke powerfully on many issues but one story he mentioned about a village caught my attention. In there, he said Eritrea: Qebari Zeybila Hager At one village, a person died. The body had to be buried in a church a bit away at a nearby hill top. Usually, the young people carry it to the funeral site. At this time, elders had to do to do it. Tradition dictates only men have to transport the body. When they reached at the foot of the hill, carrying it up became a test to the aged men. The young ladies have to come in to help the old men. This reverse of tradition and norm was registered at the village. Eritrean villages are chnaging. The entire Eritrea has changed a lot.

    • Hameed Al-Arabi

      Ahlan Her Highness Hayat Adem,

      Are there any young ladies to assist? The country is left without burier. There are only the old and children in our villages. Our youth are either in trenches or outside the country. The good news is that this odd situation will be reversed in the near future. The move that makes the difference has already commenced.

      Al-Arabi

      • Berhe Y

        Dear Al-Arabi,

        Yes indeed. We are going home.

        I predict, IA will be gone soon and he will not be there by Jan 1st 2020.

        Berhe

        • Hope

          Selamat Berhe:
          I love your optimism and wishes/hopes but remember that we have been saying and doing same for 20 yrs now and we are still ….
          Wishes and hopes are NOT enough but a coordinated Movement with a Centralized and Strong Leadership. with a CONCRETE Action.
          Where is our Plan B so as to avoid the so called and alleged Power Vacuum?

          The formerly organized parties like the EDA and my own old party,the EPDP are bygones now.

          In the era and the winds of conspiracies of the so called of Meddemer,we should have been better organized but, rather, we are crumbling into pieces as usual.

          The so called Enough Movement will be nothing more than the fake and the failed Arbi Harinet Movment unless we get organized better and come up with better Strategies.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Hope,

            You carry a big name, Hope but you really are hopeless:).

            Why blame other for not being organized, when we have people like who wake up every morning, FAH kebuluna.

            Arbi Harnet and others, at least they tried and they continue to try.

            BTW, all the FAH mubal started by your party in 2001 and we have not recovered since.

            Berhe

          • Hope

            Selamat Berhe:

            WeyAne Tekalitey.

            Am not sure what languae to use to make sure u understand what I try to say,unless u can understand Blen,Tigrayit or Amharic as my Tigrinya is a rudimentary one since it is my 4th language .

            In the world of Berhe,expressing constructive opinion and criticism as well as forwarding suggestions is being an obstructionist .

            Damn it!

            Hanguel Derho / Riesi Akkat nai bi Hakki!

            Gen Nitric,where R U?

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Hope,

            You can call me what ever you like.

            But why you call Arbi Harnet and the yiAkl as fake and sponsored by our enemies?

            That’s what upset me the most.

            Berhe

          • Hope

            Selam wo Senay Berhe “Asmarino”:

            Read what Hope told up above:

            “Wishes and hopes are NOT enough but a coordinated Movement with a Centralized and Strong Leadership with a CONCRETE Action.

            Where is our Plan B so as to avoid the so called and allegedly feared Power Vacuum?”
            I.e.,The Arbi Harnets and the Enoughs alone without a well coordinated and organized as well as a centralized and Strong Leadership,without a Clear Vision and effective and efficient Strategies will or might fail as we did before .

            I initially supported the COIE and the Targeted sanctions but after we confirmed that all the sactism,the Agazian Movements ,the COIE….etc., have been sponsored by none but by the bloody enemies of Eritrea,I backed off and questioned the politically motivated inquiries and movements.

            And I REPEAT:
            I will NEVER EVER support anything sponsored by the TPLF and its mercenary cadres.

            Berhe said:
            “That’s what upset me the most.”.

            Well,if you keep upsetting HOPE,he will reciprocate and pay you back in kind and in abundance.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Berhe Y,

            Tell Hope, the independence of Eritrea was the result of a thirty years cumulation of our people struggle. I think the same could be applied to our present struggle. The Struggle is developing on a daily bases, but the blind could not recognize it. Today is not like yesterday.

            Al-Arabi

    • Hope

      Selamat Gual Aboy Adem:
      TPLF (then): We would rather lose access to Eritrean ports, than see Eritrea making money.
      Courtesy of PMMZ
      TPLF (now): We would rather see #Ethiopia disintegrate into pieces, than see Eritrea live in peace.
      Courtesy of a Pseudo-Assistant ” professor(mentor rather) at mekelle univ.

      • Hayat Adem

        Selamat Hope,
        Can I ask you a question? How old and how educated are you? I am not asking these personal questions mock. I am checking if I ask you to do some hard and systematic thinkings. Your comments here really s7ffer a lot from quality flactuations that sometimes I wonder if you are more than one person. Okay, forget answering the questions. I will asume for now you are sensible enough, you are old enough, you are educated enough and you are curious enough for the task at hand.

        Now I ask you to identify 3 high priority innterests or national agenda the Eri people currently would have. I would say: 1) independence (securing and sustaining); 2) peace and security (pilitical and geopolitical settlements) and 3) fixing the economy (freed livelihood, jobs, investment, development). Lets start with these. Do u agree? If YES, I will continue to the next. If NO, let me know your thoughts.

        • Hameed Al-Arabi

          Ahlan Her Highness Hayat Adem,

          I am afraid, your questions are directed to wrong address.

          Al-Arabi

        • Berhe Y

          Dear Hayat,

          If you don’t mind, can you see the pics in the link and take a look. It appears the pics is of Yemane Ghebreab with some s TPLF leaders. There could be a lot of reason for it, but what I wanted to ask is, if he was at some point member of the TPLF ?

          I am asking because you may have some source you can verify.

          https://m.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=152822992413641&id=100030578226845&set=a.143329580029649&source=48

          Berhe

          • Hope

            Selam Berhe:

            As usual,you are always behind.

            Yes,that is Yemane GhereAb,and BTW,Peace posted that pic a while ago here.

            What is the big deal?

            Lots of Eritreans joined the TPLF and other Ethiopian Progressive Movements and vice-versa,that lots of Ethiopians/Tigreyans joined the EPLF and martyred for our cause.

            And yet,your conspiracy still could be true that PIA has been using these Meddemer/Tigray-(Tigringni Agenda included )tactics since zemen-ennini.

            The same for the TPLF that it was sending its own members to the EPLF for obvious reasons…including for Intelligence reasons.Yemane Jamiaca et al come to our mind,with whom I worked briefly in Addis along with few of my EPLF Cousins until 1993..

            Berhe said:
            “I am asking because you may have some source you can verify”.
            Now Ms Hayat Adem is your Intelligence Services Consultant…thru her own Consultant,a certain guy with two letters/Initials),(Abi knows him…Guaddu,where r U nowadays?I miss you.

          • Hayat Adem

            Yes Berhe,
            That is indeed Yemane Monkey. No, he had never been a Tplf tegadalay. He might have been in that group on assignments. But I know he is man whose parents are from Entitcho town in Tigray.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Hayat,

            Thank you, that’s what I wanted clarify, if he was part of TPLF at some point.

            I read last time about the security guy telling him he too is from enticho. I thought it was a joke but now you repeated it, and if I am understanding you correctly, you are saying his parents are from enticho.

            I have different about who his parents are.
            His father is Aboy Gebreab who is from DequSnA, Seraye and his mother is Gebriela Adwa (who I think is from Adwa) who owned enda swa at Medishito area.

            Berhe

          • Nitricc

            Hi Berhe; you have reached a new low. Now you are in counting people’s ethnicity? I guess every society has its own Bekele Gerba. At least you have got a brother named Bekele Gerba. there is a greatest disease called racism. You are one big thug racist. Shame on you.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Nitricc,

            What is that I said considered “racist”?

            Berhe

          • Hope

            Selam Berhe:
            Your motive behind inquiring about Yemane’s Bio other than a simple curiosity to know more about the Pic?
            Out of curiosity:
            How can Dr AAA put and trust a security guard form Enticho,when he survived an Assassination attempt from /by the same people?

          • Hope

            Selam Mod:
            Not to argue with the Mod but to correct few things:
            -It was your FAVORITE Hayat,who repeatedly mentioned Enticho as Berhe did…and had no clue before what Enticho meant!
            -The suspected culprits of Assassination Attempt were mentioned via the Ethio Media ….
            -The TPLF officially declared WAR on Dr AAA
            And finally,with all due respect Mr.Moderator,those who blankety insulted,demonized and blanketly accused Eritreans as if we have ID crisis and those,who stole and abused our ID and who wished us the worst and attempted to destroy us are what and what do they deserve?

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Hope,

            What are you talking about “motif”. I had to read what I asked Hayat again to make sure. What exactly that I asked which has anything to do with his back ground /enticho.

            Enticho come as a follow up to Hayat reply, which I commented on based on what I know.

            I wanted to know if Yemane Gebreab was member of TPLF or some what associates with them, just like Bereket Simon was in that picture.

            She said no and end of story. This may not be important to you but it’s imporrabt to me because wanted to learn the history of these PFDJ leaders and what they are doing to our people.

            Do they see the Eritrea people as part of them or do they see themselves as foreign oppressors?

            I think that’s how they see themselves..,Isayas and his trusted circle.

            Berhe

        • Hope

          Thank you,indeed,Ms Hayat Adem for your curiosity and inquiry.

          Hope’s Resume:

          Hope’s age: 63
          Education level: First Year College/Pre-Med drop out
          PMH/Past Medical Hx(History),HPI/History of Present Illness):
          -Multiple Personality D/O (disorder)
          -BiPolar D/O
          -“Thought Process disorder”

          Thank you very much for lecturing Hope about:

          1) independence (securing and sustaining)

          2) peace and security (pilitical and geopolitical settlements) and

          3) fixing the economy (freed livelihood, jobs, investment, development).

          The same HOPE,who is:

          -An original Eritrawi,Blenay Tsaida wed Keren Tsaida and wed Abay Gash Barca and the victim of all the mothers of atrocities by the Ethiopian Regimes and the SURVIVOR of Mass Massacre at Una Wo Besikdira and Tselam Senbet….among others.

          -A victim and a fighter ;and the son and a member of the ORIGINAL ELFites and the EPLFites

          And most importantly,Hope being lectured about Eritrea,its History and its well being and that of its people by a certain Hypocrite,who openly :
          -Belittled and mocked about the legitimate political and Armed Struggle of those victims of all kinds of atrocities the last century witnessed
          -Advocated for an invasion of Eritrea by the TPLF

          -NOT only has Shied away from condemning the TPLF criminal acts against Eritrea and Eritreans but still supporting,crediting and admiring the same criminal Junta,and YET claiming to be an Eritrean and talking about the well being of Eritrea and Eritreans.
          Seriously though,let me make a disclaimer:

          That I did attempt to hide my ID for safety and security reasons and tried to act like a dumb and naive “commenter”,which I have found very difficult to do so in the Modern Cyber/Internet Era.
          granted and in the event,if your motive is to silence,demoralize and character-assassinate Hope et al,make sure you understand that you might be pushing against the strongest wall you ever have come across….as part of the old new Digital WeyAne Propaganda.

          Well,good luck Gual Adem.

          We have known the TPLF,its supporters and cadres all along that,the old and new weyenti are evil and against the well -being of Eritrea and Eritreans in their very own true words:

          “TPLF (then): We would rather lose access to Eritrean ports, than see Eritrea making money.
          Courtesy of PMMZ.
          TPLF (now): We would rather see #Ethiopia disintegrate into pieces, than see Eritrea live in peace.
          Courtesy of a Pseudo-Assistant ” professor(mentor rather) at Mekelle Univ.

          And you expect us to trust you and to take your toxin coated words and wishes at face value?

          Heavens NO!

          NO thank you Hayat et al.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Hope,

            “make sure you understand that you might be pushing against the strongest wall you ever have come across….”

            Firstly, you have missed to recognize when you scribbled the above that even rocks crack and change to dust.

            Secondly, I suspect you are from Bilen, because a true and original Bilenawi doesn’t say the following.

            “Lots of Eritreans joined the TPLF and other Ethiopian Progressive Movements”

            Lastly, an original Bilenawi will never be obsessed to the extent of hallucination by alien entities.

            “We have known the TPLF,its supporters and cadres all along that,the old and new weyenti are evil ….”

            Al-Arabi

          • Paulos

            Selam Dr. Hope,

            You’re 63? Da*n, I actually thought you were a lot younger. Well, you are a lot wiser than the rest of us. I am sure Hayata agrees when I say, it shows. Just messin with you ma bro.

          • Hope

            Ya Dottore:
            That was FUNNY,that Ms Hayat Adem thinks Hope is that much dumb and expects him to provide her with his private and IDfying info including his age as well as his Bio /Profile/Resume ,etc…
            There is no reason for her to respond to him let alone debate Hope if she believes that Hope is such a low and dumb debater .

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Hope,

            I think, her requisition about your profile was to know whether you are eligible to direct her question to you. When I read her questions I expressed about my fear that she has directed her questions to a wrong address. My fear depends on strong belief that a person who defends a mafia group will never be honest. This group and their goons continually feel they are chased by the innocents they have abused. They are fear driven guys therefore they dread even from their shadows. These criminals understand that one day they will be behind iron bars. You see Hope always claims that he is from Bilen and Keren, because he thinks that mentioning these names might give him something of security. It is an attempt of hiding though he uses a pen name “Hope”.

            Al-Arabi

          • Hayat Adem

            Dear Aya Hope,
            Thanks a lot for the reply. That was pretty informative. From now on, I will be a lot more respectful and mindful of my words when engaging you.
            No, I was not trying to lecture you. I was trying to establish a common ground. It looks that we agree on those priorities. This is progress is to be celebrated. Now lets move to the next issue.
            As you very well know, it is based on such national strategic priorities national friends and foes are identified and boxed. So, who or which group do you think are top Eritrea’s enemies trying to stand on the way of Eritrea in its effort to advance or tackle those priorities and why?

  • said

    Greetings,
    Beyond Eritrean port potential of Massawa and Assab , I could feel the unsettling contradictions ravaging the Eritrean situation, as so much jewels remain buried undug in the sand by virtue of a number of contrived, inherent and incidental facts that hugely dramatize the Eritrean socio-economic and socio-political malaise.
    Comes to mind by virtue of first eyewitness observation and some old familiarity with Eritrea and the Eritreans in general that find some resonance with short conclusions, the following factors that prevent Eritrean of realizing the country’s full potentials:

    • The constraints of bureaucracy made worse by the stagnant governments with no high appointees made on the force of political considerations and considerations of among Eritrean associate balancing of every region ;

    • No equity and sensitivities requiring a continuous reshuffling of the Deck by considerations of IA continuous assertion ,Eritrean Sovereignty in danger and meeting dues conditioned by inherent historic IA control of EPLF / PFDJ with no balance and rivalries;

    • Near total lack of a culture of cooperative team-spirit with loyalties following a vertical line purposefully intended by an absolute dictator acting like by gone era of Monarchy of dark age of middle-aged time , that is intent on the wielding of all the strings of power with not even fake and facades of democratic institutions virtually devoid of true exercise of power; and absolute control ,

    • for some minority Eritreans screwed perceptions of inherent values with an exaggerated attachment and reverence of the tangibles, physical material possessions as the ultimate symbol of social status and real wealth with less emphasis on the hidden intangibles, the source of great potential of unlimited future possibilities.

    However, despite the above shortcomings and in all fairness, Eritrea is endowed with natural resources and great human potential and important potentially high creator of value possibilities that are both ill-identified and not properly consciously and determinedly will fostered by future Eritreans policy planners with the sufficient commensurate allocation of resources. One can surmise in this vein a number of related facts in this regard, including:

    • Generally, highly educated population working significantly below their inherent potentials with limited economic opportunities in blurrily defined economic sectors as to the potentials of the creation of value and the relative building and enhancement of competitive advantages at both the domestic level and at the wider regional and international levels.

    • Huge promising potential economic sectors, such as in the high value like Medical Field, Education field, varied creative Tourism and with tens of thousand of Eritrean diaspora potentially well-geared High-tech sectors starved of the necessary funds and the misallocation of resources wasting on less potentially creative and added value sectors. This is mostly motivated by maintaining of the social peace considerations and meeting the political system’s obligations towards satisfying the requirements and the needs of incongruous demographic and geographic divides as to potential creation of value and wealth.

    • The stifling constrained of archaic bureaucracy and lack of Good Governance commensurate with defined objectives and tasks as well as near total absence of proper self-regulatory culture and self-regulatory systems that ensure the instilling and sustenance of a culture of good governance;

    • A generally open and free environment with virtual invisible hand of PFDJ and their ignorant cohort Government and Intelligence Security that affords the people a wide breathing space of freedom and freedom of expression right across the full gamut of public life; and,

    • Eritreans Generally Pleasant and Courteous populace, divers and great culture ,foremost vis-a-vis visiting tourists that invites tourists back with peaceful with no fears of regional security and the threat of any kind.

    Nevertheless, and despite I have overlooked many issue in this simple analysis that he did not make mention of that would further hugely complicate an already a dire worsening socio-economic situation in Eritrea, Eritreans is possible even to jump to the future i.e. the imminent inroad of Artificial Intelligence (“AI”) that is expected in less than 15 years from now to render approximately 40% of American jobs redundant that could render the entire economies of Developing Countries, including Eritrean’s, nearly totally Obsolete.

    I invite Eritreans political analyst, a great expert on horn African world who are many and has been closely gauging the pulse of the politics of the horn African many well known for over a quarter century and more . Nothing appears in the horizon to suggest that the revelations of the quoted statistics from credible sources could prove wrong given the stagnation and lack of reforms that are plaguing Eritrea
    This is in contrast to what’s happening on the other side like example of Kenya , the riding

  • Hameed Al-Arabi

    Ahlan Awates,

    The regime in Eritrea declared at its meetings with people of Eritrea last Friday the 22nd of March 2019 that THE REGIME ANTICIPATE WAR WITH TIGRAI. This is a clear indication of diversion and an endeavor of impediment to the strong movement of Eritreans around the world that is already marching to remove Isaias and his regime from Eritrea. Isaias seems that he has resolved to push the Eritrean Defense Forces to war with Tigrai in order to annihilate them once for all. I think, it will be naivety to believe after all what we have seen from Isaias that he cares for Eritrea and determines to fight with Tigrai to defend Eritrea’s sovereignty. Eritreans apprehend well that Isaias has a deep-rooted history in crushing down Eritrea and Eritreans.

    At the time, he informs Eritreans about his expectation of war with Tigrai, HE AGREES WITH EUROPEANS TO BUILD ROADS FOR HIM FROM MARSA FATIMA AND ANFILE BAY TO TIGRAI, the bays that are 87 Km far from the border with Tigrai. The construction of such kind of road that connects these bays with Tigrai poses a big question: Is Isaias really has enmity with the TPLF? Isaias strives to play a new game upon Eritreans, but there is no way for such an exhausted deceit.

    Isaias and his regime should conceive there is no war for Eritreans under the leadership of Isaias and his regime. If there is any war for Eritreans in the future it will be under an elected parliament and government. Isaias actual guidance for Eritreans has ceased from the day he has gifted his leadership to Dr. Abie Ahmed. He has voluntarily relinquished his leadership and the people of has not rational and moral reason to consider Isaias as their leader. Above all this, it was plainly disclosed that Isaias is not an Ethiopian and he has no an atom of loyalty to Eritrea and her people. Isaias is an Ethiopian who works hard to promote Ethiopian interests, his beloved mama.

    IT IS AMAZING, ISAIAS ANTICIPATES WAR WITH TIGRAI AND AT THE SAME TIME HE DECIDES TO BUILD ROADS FROM RED SEA TO TIGRA BY THE HELP OF EUROPEANS.

    Al-Arabi

    • Hayat Adem

      Dear Hameed,
      I agree with you that talk of war now is all meant for diversion. Neither the justification nor war capacity is there. Even if the two were in place, not many Eritreans would trust the Pfdj leadership to be mobilize a smaller public project let alone a national war
      I believe the war against Tigray might have been entertained possibly with sorts of actual plan about 5 months ago. That plan might have faced a miscarriage becauase of lots of unforeseen dynamics inside Ethiopia. Now, I am sure they only are saying it after the fact to mislead people and deflect attention. Now they are on the run for their own political life.
      Where is Saay? So much silence when a lot is needed to be said.

      • Hameed Al-Arabi

        Ahlan Her Highness Hayat Adem,

        Yes, the rage of the Eritrean people has made them as you smartly depicted it, “Now they are on the run for their own political life”. The soothing justifications and baits endeavor to spread will never be helpful to relive the fury of our people. Isaias and his regime medications have become from the past that will never work to curb present developments of YIAKIL.

        I hope, her highness will agree with me that the TPLF still gives Isaias a chance to make them a card in his crushing of the people of Eritrea. TPLF has to come out from its hide and proclaim to the world that they abide by the rule of border demarcation and take actual steps to move their people from Bademe to applicable place inside Tigrai. I think, this is under the capacity of their authority inside Ethiopia. For this end to be executed smoothly, they could request assistance from the international community for resettlement of the villagers on the border inside Tigrai. I consider their silence as a conspiracy against the people of Eritrea.

        I hope TPLF to refrain from deepening the wound between the two neighboring people. They have to stop Isaias’s claims by declaring to the world their acceptance demarcation ruling and by taking clear steps towards resettlement of the villagers inside Tigrai.

        Al-Arabi

        • Hayat Adem

          Dearest Hameed,
          I agree with you on anything under the sun that would shorten the agony of our people. I will agree with you on anything that would remove this maniac from continuing to inflict further pains on our people. However, I have these points a smart person like you shouldn’t be at difficulty to see its relevance,
          1) The Eritrean people must tatoo it to their hearts IA is the sole traitor and enemy Eritreans must soley focus on how to dust him off our lives. Nothing else matters as much.
          2) If we have to convince the Ethiopian gov/ the Tigray admn to make practical concessions or stand them off, including forcing them out of those places, if need be, it is much better and easier to do it without this man and associates than with him in power.
          3) Eritrea with IA in power would look like more of the last 20 years than not. If Eritrea goes to any kind of war with Tigray/Ethiopia or even Djibouti, that will be a dangerous game that may end the Eritrean history as we know it. If even this man is allowed 2-3 years from now without any war or sorts, that may also mean a slow walk to death for Eritrea.
          4) If Eritreans are able to remove IA and his small circle from power while Tigray is still where it is, nothing will happen that endangers Eritrea’s situation. In fact, I feel like the Tigreans will serve as a buffer protection against any temptation from the rest of Ethiopia at a time when Eritrea appears weak.
          5) (I don’t know how many times this needs to be said)… If Eritreans are opting for a territorial transaction now per the border rulings of 2002, what are the procedures to effect it? a- they have to do it exactly per the letter of the EEBC ruling exactly or b- they will have to make few adjustments to make it less painful for the residents of both sides. Both situations need a joint process of the Ethiopian and Eritrean governments. Under no situation can the Ethiopian side act to withdraw unilaterally. Please, understand such basics. If you are calling, …” take actual steps to move their people from Bademe to applicable place inside Tigrai”, you are the one offering IA another card.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Her Highness Hayat Adem,

            I think Ethiopia has one government and if there are two governments in Ethiopia let the Weyanes declare it. And Eritreans will deal with the government concerned according to the international low.

            Al-Arabi

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Her Highness Hayat Adem,

            I think Ethiopia has one government and if there are two governments in Ethiopia let the Weyanes declare it. And Eritreans will deal with the government concerned according to the international law.

            Al-Arabi

          • Hayat Adem

            Dearest Hameed,
            Yes, exactly. That is what I am saying. That is called the Ethiopian government led by PM Abiy. That government has come into a peaceful deal with IA (a leader of the government on this side). Both don’t seem to be worried about territorial transfer or demarcation. They think they can do it at any time, in any way they see it better. That also means there is no reason to bring TPLF into the map while both leaders are not saying anything about it.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Her Highness Hayat Adem,

            I agree with you on what you have said above when conditions are normal, governments function properly. As you know, Ethiopia is on the process of disintegration, I don’t know in how many pieces will end up. Anyhow, TPLF should refrain from any indulgence in the internal affairs of Eritrea. I hope not to contemplate about creating new maps. They should understand Eritrean sovereignty is a red line. Any trespass from them will be a grave mistake and they should not forget that the people of Eritrea are watching closely, precisely they are under focus.

            Al-Arabi

          • Hayat Adem

            Dearest Hameed,
            Very good. They are not trespassing. There is no reason to worry a lot about them while you have a monster in house.

        • Senay Zer

          Dear Hameed — TPLF was and continues to be the main spoiler in the relation between Tigray and Eritrea. What is worse, they have created a frame-work on how to mangle agreements and treaties so much so I don’t see any robust and healthy relation between Tigray and Eritrea in the near future.

      • Paulos

        Hayata,

        Isaias is intensely obsessed with the Weyanes and I think he has made it the sole mission of his life to see them destroyed and he is not going to let up. The more he does, the more the Tigrean people get united as we see them today as never seen before. And that is precisely the kind of dilemma he is facing.

        He may probably dig out a sheep’s clothing from the closet and put it on to reach out to the Weyanes when he sends Monkey and “What you call” to Tigrai with an Olive branch in their hands but the Weyanes know him too well that, it would be a matter of time till he finds an opportune time to bring his obsession to reality. Ultimately, he would rather see himself defeated by the Eritrean people than the Weyanes and that could probably be the reason his focus is on the latter than on the former.

        • Hameed Al-Arabi

          Ahlan Dr. Paulos,

          Here let me differ with you, brother Paulos. Isaias is intensely obsessed with annihilation of the Eritrean people more than Weyanes. He has saddled them in the past to destroy Eritreans to succeed his mission towards his Mama Ethiopia. Again may ride them by presenting his stand-in project that he thinks they might have an appetite for it. But this time the game between them will be barefaced for all Eritreans and will face miscarriage before it sets in motion.

          As you said, “It would be a matter of time till he finds an opportune time to bring his obsession to reality”.

          Al-Arabi

        • Hope

          Selam Dottore et all(Ms Hayat and Aman Hidrat included)!
          I might partially agree with U and more so when u said:
          “Ultimately, he would rather see himself defeated by the Eritrean people than the Weyanes and that could probably be the reason his focus is on the latter than on the former”.

          My dilemma with U,Hayat Adem and Aman Hidrat is that you NEVER dare or have dared to talk about the other side of the so called Weyane–Hiwehat…i.e., their negative and DESTRUCTIVE role on Eritrea and Eritreans to this date.

          May I ask as to why guys are shying away from stating the facts, at least ni kalAlem?

          The simple solution for all the unnecessary BRAVADO and Ego-centric Weyane Gurra is simply to abide by the rule of law and to comply with the Ethiopian Federal Govt decisions, Decrees and Guidelines, and of utmost importance, to accept and comply with the EEBC verdict and the Algiers Agreement as the Ethiopian Parliament and the EPRDF have done unequivocally and unconditionally.

          With all due to respect to all, with all your intellect and articulation, why can’t you people state the truth and advise the same Junta the facts and the hard core Truth as they are since you sound to be ,in one way or another, a part and parcel of the Weyane Digital.

          Speaking or the unity of Tigari you sound boasting about, to what end is the Tigrai people over-reacting?

          Isn’t is easier and cheaper and more REWARDING for the same Tigrai and its people to abide by the Rule of law and by catching up the fasting moving Train of Peace and Mutual Integration?

          As far as IA and his determination to “DESTROY” Weyane is concerned, even though it is futile and unconstructive to do so, doesn’t he have a legitimate right to do so based on what the same Weyane has been doing to IA in particular and to Eritrea and Eritreans in general?

          Are you guys telling me that u have a selective memory loss as to what the same Janda Hiwehat has been doing to the last minute against IA,Eritrea and Eritreans so as to DESTROY them by all means possible?

          If IA,Eritea and Eritreans do not and cannot DESROY the few Weyane jandas and their rotten and destructive mentality and evil agenda against Eritrea and Eritreans, not just against their personal enemy, IA, what guarantee do Eritrea and Eritreans, not just IA, have that the same Janda will not attempt again to destroy Eritrea and Eritreans based on the historical and ongoing hard core facts on the ground–based on their VERY OWN covert an overt statements and acts?

          Dr Paulos declared:

          “He may probably dig out a sheep’s clothing from the closet and put it on to reach out to the Weyanes when he sends Monkey and “What you call” to Tigrai with an Olive branch in their hands but the Weyanes know him too well that, it would be a matter of time till he finds an opportune time to bring his obsession to reality

          Hey Uncle SJG,how many “weyane” words did U count in this comment alone?

          • Paulos

            Selam Dr. Hope,

            You should see me laughing. Your last line is funny. It is logical that the more the Weyanes are relegated to the sidelines the less there is the need to rehash about them.

            The only issue I have with the Weyanes is the collective and inhumane deportation of Ethiopians of Eritrean origin at the height of the war. But to be fair to them, Meles apologized. As far as I am concerned, their negative impact on Eritrea ends right there where the rest is laced with conspiracy theory as in if they had intentionally divided the Eritrean Opposition for a reason only known to an over active imagination.

            If I am to count all the positive impacts on Eritrea, let me just say this, they have been generous to us the Eritrean people in comparison to the charlatan Isaias who has destroyed Eritrea from within.

          • Saleh Johar

            Keep away from me Hope,
            You are becoming a nuisance and I do not want to meet you in the gutter. Agreed?

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Hope,

            Eritrea and her people were there before Isaias and will stay to exist there after Isaias and his goons. Eritrea was liberated by her people and continue to exist protected by her people. Culturally shocked guys couldn’t develop or protect nations, they are only skilled to lick shoes of their god who threw to them some of his leftovers. Inferiority and self-confidence lack guys never think properly.

            Al-Arabi

    • Millennium

      Hi Hameed:

      When something has an easy answer but you you think it is some kind of a tangled web, always check whether it is not your thinking that is in a mess

      You bring a fresh news that you claim to have heard about the Eritrean government anticipating war with Tigray and you are hard pressed to reconcile it with another piece of news that involves a shared economic project with Tigray

      What if what you head is a lie? would that solve the conundrum that you find yourself in?

      Regards,
      Millennium

      • Amanuel

        Hi Millennium
        Did you watch the highlights of these seminars? I bet there was no one there younger than 60 years old. Why is that?

        • Millennium

          Hi Amanuel:

          That is because there is an apparent outflow of the youth: we all know that. It was the country that has been going under not necessarily the government. In an effort to undermine the government, the opposition has done its part in what we see in Eritrea now. You see a lot of the opposition panicking when the country seems to get a bit of respite. Look at the relative peace and economic respite that we have now and look how the opposition is frantically trying to undermine that. it has been a while since I have started to be cynical about the agenda of some of the opposition.

          Regards
          Millennium

          • Paulos

            Millennium,

            You are funny. Really. Are you saying “Yiakil” is a sign of panic?

          • Lamek

            Hi millennium, I have always wondered who the Eritrean opposition is/are. I oppose the policies of the Eritrean regime, nearly everything. Am I opposition? Opposition parties that I hear about, where are they located? I have never ever seen any organized group try to recruit anyone. Isn’t that a must, have as many registered members as possible?

            I have another question for you or anyone reading? What’s the goal of the yiakil movement? This movement should have started a little over a year ago when IA was in the cold and in isolation. Now that he is gotten the pressure relief valve open, he doesn’t quite need much diaspora financial support so to me the yiakil movement has to infiltrate into Eritrea otherwise it will lose its steam in a short while. There is no way to topple IAs regime from abroad.

            Last question: as we all know, the Eritrean people in the West are sharply divided. I need not expound on that. Is this mirrored inside Eritrea as well? If it is, then we do not have a national identity and our problems are much deeper than meet the eye.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Lamek,

            Please check ATV: hzbawi seminar yiAkl ab Frankfurt or check Facebook YiAkl page,and you will get sine answers.

            The timing is perfect now. The last time we had this opportunity was in 2001 during the G15.

            After that IA was in isolation but he covered him self really well and including the boarder and weyane excuse.

            That vail has disappeared now and his true purpose is open to the world.

            The opportunity is great, even the fact that Eritrea is never of the UN HR is much better to expose the government rather than being in isolation.

            Even if Eritrea was sanctioned, IA and his regime were not suffering personally, the ERITREAN people were.

            People are being people, now that they got a little room to brith, a little opportunity to get more information inside, a little opportunity to listen to his crap excuse, they will demand more.

            And the most important part, there will NOT be any TPLF to come along and divide and weaken us any more, pretending to be friends.

            Berhe

          • Amanuel

            Hi Millennium,
            Always blaming someone for the self-inflicted problems. The youth are outflowing because they can’t see their future with the regime.

          • Nitricc

            The youth are outflowing because they can’t see their future with the regime.

            Hi Amanuel; no they are out of the country because they flank in school and too lazy to work.

          • Haile S.

            Selam Nitricc,

            I would be much more lazier working for free
            ነዛ ትኳቦ ‘ደሞዝ’ ብሽግለታ ዘይተጥሪ

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Nitricc,

            Assuming you are serious, you remind me and others in this forum of the folk saying, namely, ዘይኩሩምትካ ሑጻ እንተ ትቁርጥመሉ. Do not you have relatives in Eritrea whose sons and daughters have been living through the ordeal. When did the youth get proper schooling under the regime to begin with to study and be tested. I think you forgot the regime has turned long ago the system of education to military regimentation schools.

          • Alex

            Hi Ismail,
            I think it shows when you state this “When did the youth get proper schooling under the regime to begin with to study and be tested” you have been out of the country may be more than 28 years if not you shouldn’t state that because the truth is the contrary.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Alex,

            Are you really series that one has to go inside the country to know what’s going inside.

            You must be one of those who went on a tour with yPFDJ to Sawa, where among many things are told, should not drink *water unless it’s bottled water.

            Go to eritreadigest dot com and find the article “The Untold Story of 25th and 26th Round – Sawa“ and tell us one has to go to Eritrea to believe it.

            *this was said by assistant head of the youth during orientation of Diaspora Eritreans visiting and was taped:).

            Berhe

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Alex,

            You are right. I was outside my country for a lot more than the years you stated. But those years were not spent in hibernation like the fable of Rib van Winkel narrates. I follow every bit of what has been going on in Eritrea as much as possible.

            Now, let me share with you one thing that made me write what you picked from my statement, and let you to reflect it soberly. I meet and try to help young Eritreans who arrive in where I live, and in which it is very much rare to find a woman or man who cannot communicate in either English, French or German or all of them.

            A new comer in town who can minimally communicate in one of those languages won’t have a problem to visit a nearby supermarket and ask what he/she needs. But, and it pains us or should, what can you say when you meet a young Eritrean who says he had done two years in college and yet cannot help himself in routine situations as the one I mentioned? This is the result of the type of “education” the regime has been running in the country – regimentation of society to obey and execute orders and commands.

          • Millennium

            Hi Ismail AA:

            At the outset, I want to make it clear that I do not agree with Nitricc in that the reason the youth are leaving the country is because they are lazy.

            There are, as has been discussed in this forum numerous times, many push and pull factors that could explain the situation. Yet, characterizing the Eritrean education system the way you did based on few interactions you had with few learners from that school system is bad science at best.

            There are a lot that have passed through that education system who have achieved a lot academically. Make what judgement you will about my English, but I am also a product of that school system and I can tell you I had no problem navigating my way in the Western world and I can say the same about a lot of friends I know. I have also met a lot of new arrivals from our country who managed to get admissions to very good universities in very highly sought out degree programs (graduate or undergrad). Now, I am not saying that this is the real picture of what the Eritrean education system is, yet the picture you painted about it is not all there is to it either

            Millennium

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Millennium,

            Thanks for your sober rejoinder. Since you have presented yourself as an example, I have no reason to second guess you. But you will not dispute the fact that there are always two extremes in things, which may not represent the whole as does the average or median. Here, too, there could be individuals who have made the best of available resources and opportunities to cultivate endowed faculties and ambitions like you. There are also individuals and age groups who do have capacities but lacked objective and subjective conditions to cultivate their potentials and ended up being forced to compete in alien lands and cultures as did masses of our youth.

            The average person among them arrives believing he had completed secondary school (passed or failed exams in military training camps) and given school leaving certificates that do testify the standards or levels they were issued for. That of course is painful to them and their compatriots like you and I who should have proud of the competence of our schooling system.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Millennium,

            My friend within the three decades, education in Eritrea should hit its highest levels. Could you give us how many thousands graduated Isaias’s colleges? I can say nothing when we compare it with Eritreans youth who are educated outside Eritrea. Thousands of Eritreans graduated from the universities of Sudan, Egypt, Middle East, India, Malaysia, Philipine, China, etc. Some of those graduates excelled to the extent of joining international corporations like Aljazeera and as an example I can give Hajji Jabir, the journalist and novelist, and Osman Farah the shining journalist who were educated in Saudi Arabia. Now is your turn to give me examples of students graduated by Isaias in the past 30 years. Even those who are graduated by Isaias you get them crippled by complexities that never make them excel to ascend to international levels. Education and knowledge, my friend, require free and open minds. Isaias only graduates blocked minds typical like you who don’t differentiate between good and bad. If you didn’t evaluate yourself properly and get rid of all ills you learned from the regime, you will end up at the end of your age a failed person. I hope you take note of what I have said and visit it when you push in age.

            WRITING A COMPOSITION OF A FOURTH GRADE IS NOT AN EDUCATION.

            Al-Arabi

          • Millennium

            Hi Hameed:

            I do have “blocked mind” because I don’t share your views (honestly, I don’t even know what your views are.) It is hard to engage you in conversation because much of what you say do not make sense; try again some other time.

            Regards,
            Millennium

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Millennium,

            I know my conversation will make sense with you when only I worship Isaias.

            My friend, don’t share my views, but I ask you one question: Is Eritrea good under Isaias?

            Al-Arabi

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Millennium,

            Can you write what you wrote in Tigrinya please?

            I find it extremely hard to believe someone who served in Sawa could sympathize with the regime and its achievements.

            Berhe

          • Millennium

            Hi Berhe:

            Based on your writings here on this forum, I will not be surprised if you find it hard to believe that there are a lot of people who have gone through the SAWA experience and still have a starkly different view from that of yours.

            And trust me, I have been through all the post-independence experience: maetot, national service and what have you. Wonder no more!

            Regards,
            Millennium

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Millennium,

            Brother Berhe requested from you to write in TIGRINIA what you have written in English. Really, you have missed a proof, therefore all what you claim are no more than fables and vagaries. I know, the ignorants have told you that politics is lies, but you have to conceive that politics is transparency and accountability. The regimes that lie are those of dictators and mafias.

            Al-Arabi

          • Nitricc

            Al-arabi; since you have a crippled mind, you are unable to see and think for your self. I could have named you many many Eritreans who exceed their education through Eritrean school system but what is the point. when a mind is reached in to state of cripples, nothing will get through. Let me just tell you one Eritrean student from Sawa and after that do what you do best go banana.
            ” His name is Saied Mohammed Ali. He developed three internationally recognized Mathematical Theorems. After he completed his secondary school at Warsay-Yekealo Senior secondary school in Sawa, International Journal of Pure and Applied Science vol. 3 of 2010 published Saied’s new mathematical theorems. The theorems developed by Saied are known as double angle triangle and triple angle triangle theorems. Saied’s main effort was to convert the double and triple angle formulas in trigonometry, which mainly work in angles, into side relationship. So, the double angle formula was converted into double angle triangle theorem which could help to find a relationship in three angles of a triangle. If we see Pythagoras’ theorem, what Pythagoras did was creating a formula on how to find one side of a right angle triangle through side relationship using the formula c2 = A2 +B2.”

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Nitricc,

            Many institutions in their journals publish graduates’ researches as in the institution you have mentioned, ” International Journal of Pure and Applied Science vol. 3 of 2010 published Saied’s new mathematical theorems”. This doesn’t mean that the findings was acknowledged nationally or internationally and is applicable to be applied in education around the world. Friend, it is normal all around the world to publish anyone his research in such kind of journals, but doesn’t make it an exceptional findings. It is just like findings of any MASTER or PHD DEGREE student research findings that gets its way through such kind of institutions. Friend, if you have another game, bring it forward.

            Now, you have to answer this question: Did the regime in Eritrea include Saeed’s THEORY in its education curriculum?

            Al-Arabi

          • Hope

            Selamat Millenium and Alex and all others;

            I might agree with you partially but there are few Facts we all should agree.

            Let me throw away my naive opinion.

            Due to complex and multiple factors,the over all Infrastructure in general and that of the Economy, particularly the Private Sector, and specifically that of Tourism and Fishing sectors as well as that of the Education and Heath Care System(the Tertiary Health Care System in particular),have been hit hard and have lagged behind our expectations.

            The question that should be asked is:

            Why?

            My naive guess:

            1)Internal/Domestic Factors

            a)The over all “Bad”, Inhospitable and unattractive Macro-Policies of the Regime

            b)The mismanagement of the existing ‘Policies’ due to obvious reasons like :

            i)Lack of Strong Institutions to check on and evaluate things effectively and efficiently–checks and balances that is

            ii)Lack of Incentives

            iii)Sabotages of all kind due to the above factors

            2)External Factors:

            This does NOT require any explanation as it is NOT a Rocket Science to figure out about how and what Eritrea as a Nation has gone through –the unheard of economic,political,diplomatic and military sabotages besides the crippling policies of Isolation and Containment coupled with the the devastating No War No Peace Status and the unfair and illegal sanctions,by none but our enemies,WHICH (had)LED TO A ‘NEAR COLLAPSE OF THE NATION AND ITS PEOPLE”.

            It is a treacherous and fake propaganda by some HERE to tell us that the sanctions were ONLY on the military/arms embargo and targeted sanctions on few OFFICIALS.

            Having said all the above,the questions to be answered honestly and critically are :

            -How far did the PFDJ Regime do its home work to counter all the above obstacles and challenges?

            -How far did the same regime contribute to the mess we have been through vis-a-vis the negative role the external factors have played?

            I personally believe that the regime, even though it contributed lots to our problems due to its hegemonic and unchecked policies;its lack of transparency and accountability as well as lack of INCLUSIVENESS of its own citizens, it had been overwhelmed way beyond its capacity as an isolated,contained, sabotaged and SANCTIONED Government to handle all the internal and external factors and the HUGE THREATS,SANCTIONS and SABOTAGES it had faced with in /from all fronts.

            Granted,irrespective of its weaknesses,failures and “crimes’ and what not,the fact that the same “regime” came out the sole and the BEST WINNER and has STOOD UP STRONGER and TALLER besides keeping Eritrea INTACT as a SOVEREIGN NATION,it deserves some credit,not just criticism and “demonization”.

            Final note:
            This is NOT to admire and to be an apologist of the same regime which is fine to call me so,but to call the spade a spade and to argue reasonably considering all things.

            The major concern and dilemma I have had with the PFDJ Regime has been and is that,the regime DID NOT have to do what it has done thus against its own citizens since,by doing so what it has done and has been doing,only aggravated our problems and it tarnished its image domestically and internationally.

            The reason?

            Classic Dictatorships do that for the sake of doing so,not to mention the Conspiracy Theories we have been debating about as some us and Desbele said reasonably .

            Do not forget that the PFDJ Leadership/Eritrea and Eritreans were
            and had(ve) been until recently, in a “Between Life and Death” case scenario/situation; and as Simon KaleAd eloquently said it,bad situations create bad governance and Governments/Leaders.

            The case of Eritrea was NOT different but even prob the worst case scenario, for obvious reasons.

            For most of us ,it sounds like ‘ Le tekmach semay kirb new”.

            Millenium said;

            “There are, as has been discussed in this forum numerous times, many push and pull factors that could explain the situation. Yet, characterizing the Eritrean education system the way you did based on few interactions you had with few learners from that school system is bad science at best.

            There are a lot that have passed through that education system who have achieved a lot academically”.

            I cannot agree more.Let me flip -flop a bit here:

            As I said it repeatedly,things are relative and relatively speaking,despite all the weaknesses and failures -real and apparent/perceived ones,it is NOT too bad to build Seven Colleges in Seven years besides giving back a well-deserved life /RESURRECTION/TInSAE to the Asmera Univ and to see the Mai Nefhi Institute of Science and Technology(EIT)flourishing and the once collapsed Post Grad School of Medicine and Surgery being resuscitated is but a good sign.

            People talk gibberish about Accreditation and Quality of Education but it should be noted that these things take time to be achieved. .

            The fact that The Finnish Education System and Technology is being introduced in Eritrea is a big hope and a positive sign /development.

            My final message:

            Let us also constructively help the poor nation and its people,who are rising up from the ashes, the second time, after surviving all the Tsunamis under the sun and against all ODDs.

            Our High Schools and Colleges need Modern Technology and helping them with such Technology has NOTHING to do with supporting the PFDJ and being its Apologists but is a noble cause.
            We can still help our poor and needy nation and needy people while fighting for JUSTICE.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Hope,

            Stop apologizing for Isayas Afreworki.

            Eritrea had history of education that started in 1940s when the British took over.

            You know he wanted and killed any form of higher education in Eritrea with the closure of UoA in 2005.

          • Hope

            Selamat Berhe Ze Toronto !

            Bikhibretka ,anta sebAy tiUy tsillul dikha?

            STOP reading unwritten stuff.

            Do not push me to tell u that u r the one with Hanguel Derho and RiEsi Akkat,not the smart Gen Nittric .

            The PFDJ Apologist ?

            For God’s sake,since when did it become like that when people try to express their opinion and to balance facts with out bias?

            My party messed up in 2001?

            Which Party ?

            The EPDP?

            Do u know who has been behind all the sabotages ?

            Do not push me to go down to their level and tell u that this Group called Hayka aka Menshiro Ertra Per PIA,is the culprit .

            Are u one of them?

            Don’t even try it to injure further the already injured wounds.

            Had ENOUGH of them being the worst victim of them in the heart of my own Keren Town ,worst, in the presumably “holiest” environment ,The Christian /Catholic Church Monastery by the presumably,the “ holiest” people,the same Catholic Clergy!

            This few chauvinists and regionalists with a 16th century rotten mentality called me and my Mom “ Shehay” due to my Lowland name and my Mom’s dress/attire after they saw her in the Church attending the Holy Mass.

            Guess what?

            Let me make an official but a belated disclaimer :

            I FULLY support and ENDORSE :

            -Ustaz Ahmed Raja’s Blunt and truthful Statistics

            -Ustaz Ali Salim’s Accurate Reports and Narrations minus his “ Terrorist” style civil war declaration against the Highlanders and Christians

            -The Lowland League Manifesto minus their apparent narrow minded and Regionalististic approach

            U see Berhe,u unnecessarily provoked me coz u bit me and injured my wound.

            Stay away,please, from Downtown Toronto next Summer(next July) when I visit Toronto looking for my old Cousin and Brother-in-Law,Semere Andom!

            With DUE RESPECT!

            Cheers buddy.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Hope,

            You made me laugh, although not a laughing matter so I will let go.

            But you told me what to call to get to your skin next time:).

            Everyone knows the people in Eritrea, all those who are government employee, civil servants, teachers, doctors, business people, including the majority of the military have nothing to be blamed for what’s happening inside our country.

            In fact it’s a miracle they were able to do what they do. For example, please read the book written by the sister of the late minister Saleh Meki.

            No body is blaming the innocent victims who are trapped in Eritrea serving these regime.

            What you do is you mix the regime failures and you think it means the people failure and you come to vent.

            The only entity that is blamed is the PFDJ and it’s operatives and he doesn’t represent the people.

            Another point you keep making is, you want to blame others for the self inflicted, I think purposely damage (such as the sanctions) that he brought to our country and blame others for taking advantage.

            I don’t know if and when we get there but I can tell, it’s my strongest believe that Eritrean people (specially the Kebesa) will be served best if anyone (other than their own) is in power and running the country. No matter what HS did, I have not forgiven and I have never been over, the fact that those representatives (who the people elected) who agree to put unelected person representing the king (Asfaha Woldemichael) as a leader and gave him the power to dissolve our parliament. As a result we still pay the price.

            I don’t think they understood what the real responsibility they have when they swore in and said “I will swear and defend the constitution”.

            They failed to defend the constitution and left us this burden.

            Berhe

          • Desbele

            Selam Alex,
            Even your slave master DIA in one of his interview describes the state of education in the country “ምዝራው እዩ ነይሩ”- Like waste of resources. I was a teacher myself in Eritrea and cant describe it better. The difference is that DIA himself is accountable for the wastage, and i believe he do that on purpose. But for the sake of zombies like you, he just talks something that makes sense only to them at the time . Zombies would soon forget and debate otherwise.
            Gentle reminder for you: Slave master has said it all ምዝራው እዩ ነይሩ. and still continuing…
            Now take another subject to defend him.

          • Hope

            Selam Desbele:

            ” The difference is that DIA himself is accountable for the wastage, and i believe he do that on purpose…”

            For the most part,you sound correct but when PIA said what quoted him saying prob was in ref to the S African scholarship mess and saga,in which case,he is correct.
            But as I repeatedly lamented here,the Education and Heath Care System and particularly the Higher Education System has been messed up due to the interference of the PFDJ Leadership.

            Case(s) in point:

            -After I saw/experienced and witnessed the negative impact of the so called Early Childhood Education in Mother Tongue to some Social groups

            -After the banning or refusal of the building of the top world Class Catholic Univ of Eritrea through the Catholic Caritas in 1995 or so to accommodate all Eritreans
            irrespective of their back ground including other Africans of all walks of life and background

            -The crumbling of the Asmera University along with the collapse of the Post Grad Schools of Medicine and Surgery/Pediatrics and Ob-Gyn included and when the Pioneers of those Schools being chased out and ” charged and accused” of some weird and unfounded allegations against them in the name of or with an excuse of “Lack of Funds” and the interference of the “CIA and its Agents”,I can’t help but agree with you completely.

            What I said above was echoed by none but by the top Officials and Commissioners of the Eri Higher Education.

            And for FYI and for the Record,Eritrea was supposed to be the Medical Tourism Center of E Africa based on the ambitious but easily achievable plan of both the Domestic and Diaspora Eri Scientists and Professionals with the help of Expatriates and some International Institutions in the field.

            It would not be bragging and exaggeration if I say that I was there,have been there,have done that and have seen that,that what I stated was more than achievable based on our Human Resources capacity and some back up we have had/could have had with the help of some hospitable Policy.

            There is a reason as to why I have been”obsessed ” with some Conspiracy theories like you said ” The difference is that DIA himself is accountable for the wastage, and i believe he do that on purpose”,which might not be that far form truth based on tons of direct and circumstantial evidence we have had at hand.

            The big dilemma is :

            Why have we allowed that single person to do so?

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Hope,

            You said, “The big dilemma is :

            Why have we allowed that single person to do so if he did so?”

            The answer is very simple and clear: Because persons like you were protecting Isaias and the regime.

            Al-Arabi

          • Senay Zer

            Dear Ismail, Berhe, Haile and others — I find it pathetic you keep on engaging and giving legitimacy to Nitricc and Blink, who clearly and repeatedly showed their disdain and hatred of Eritreans in general and Eritrean youth in particular. Their mere existence is to provoke you and distract you from what is useful and valuable to Eritreans. With apologies, but you guys keep on acting like a bunch of losers and suckers. Just block these two from seeing your comments (you also don’t see their comments), and you will see the forum will be a lot more healthy and useful. Let them drown in the echo of their empty souls. You will lose nothing by not reading their comments, NOTHING!

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Senay,

            I will start by my self. I can take your comment harshly but I will say you are correct and I will refrain.

            Thank you for the reminder.

            Berhe

          • Nitricc

            Hi Senay ZER! what is zer? you must one the losers who spend their time in shisha places. If not you won’t feel it this bad with what I have said. the other telling about your futility is when you said ” “giving legitimacy to Nitricc and Blink” What legitimacy are you talking about? Do you know this is a public forum and no one gives a hoot to faceless and nameless people like me and Blink? But this shows loser and sorry state of mind you are in.

          • Desbele

            Thanks Senay,
            Weird names – Nitricc, Blink , Fishmilk …are simple zombies to be ignored!

          • Nitricc

            Hi Ismail; The truth is if they had stayed at home at least they could
            have pressured the government to reform and to change things around. If every young person is going to leave the country, you have no one to challenge the government and to cause some changes. Instead, you have young people wasting their life in Sudan, Ethiopia and Israel refugee camps. Besides, if I am going to waste my life, as might be in my country and with my family. You don’t think so?

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Nitricc,

            Please go to ATV (Assenna TV) and watch some of he interview of these “lazy youth” and compare to your achievements.

            Berhe

          • Alex

            Hi Berhe,
            Why do you think any sane person will watch Assenna which does not have a good truck record on reporting the truth.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Alex,

            If I get a reaction from you, I know we are on the right track:).

            Let’s see how tSAtSE have to say.

            Berhe

          • Nitricc

            Hi Berhe; I know you are dumb but you just made official how the dumbest you are when you refer Assena as news worthy. I still can’t figure out how you mange to utilize oxygen? Very interesting and amazing.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Nitricc,

            Next you are going to say, Youtube is not going to be news worthy.

            I can grantee you, next year you don’t have to wish for IA to change and release prisoners. They will be all released by then by the force of the people power.

            You should save some money and get ready to go and visit free Eritrea at last. The Eritrea you were so afraid to visit for the past 20 years.

            Berhe

          • Amanuel

            Hi Nitricc
            Once you complete military service in Eritrea you will be taken seriously on this issue. Like Ismail said below it is “ዘይ ስንኻ ሑጻ ቆርጥመሉ።”

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Nitrickay,

            Can you stop this outlandish lie. Not good for your integrity. How could you categorize the entire youth exodus as lazy who failed in their schools? This is the dumbest comment I heard from you.

          • Haile S.

            Selam Emma,

            You just defended us from Nitricc’s right chick blow and you just added yourself another left chick blow. ምስኪናይ ኤርትራዊ!

            ሰይተ’ቦ ንወዳ ተድሕኖ ካብ መባእስቲ
            ተመሊሳ ግብ ተብሎ እንዳበለት ወዲ ሰበይቲ

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hailat,

            Isn’t our failures in our “collective endeavors” that we let our people to suffer for almost 30 years under the current brutal regime. If you can make any account of our “collective success” other than our “independence” I am ready to learn. I wish our “collective success” would have been admirable as much as our “individual success”. We are an “individualistic society” from my understanding.

          • Haile S.

            Selam Emma,

            Eritrean society is individualistic no more no less than any other society. In fact it can be argued it thinks collectively more than others based on its history during the armed struggle you mentioned, the military service the youth started to participate voluntarily during its first years, its family values and community inter-aide it reflexively participates in. I think the apparent individualistic attitude you are referring to is because you are comparing it to and looking through the binoculars of the heydays of the armed struggle. If this selflessness did not pass from your generation to the younger ones, it is due the failure of all Tegadeltis, especially the leadership, for not making their experience exemplary and transmissible. We cannot expects a permanent selflessness when there is no visible light at the end of the tunnel. In fact one of the reasons that is pushing the youth to leave the country is the unproductive collectively thinking and effort that the regime is forcing upon the them without showing the slightest visibility on their immediate and long term future.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hailat,

            The “selflessness” of our generation wasn’t something we learn from the generation before us. It was a generational “National virtue” attained in the process of our “self determination.” Certainly, It is that kind of “selfless commitment” that brought the success of our struggle.

            The current generation the same as our goal for “self-determination” they do have their own goal to “liberate themselves” from the shackles of the tyranny. They need equally the same “selfless commitment” of their generation to root out tyranny from our society. Selflessness is not “transmissible” but it is something the could be “learned.” Our nation owes “selfless commitment” from each generation, and hence from the current generation,

          • Nitricc

            Hey Aman-H; Go to Israel and watch those young Eritreans wasting their life in hookah and coffee shops. Sometimes when people tell the truth, accept it. I rather work for free for my country rather than wasting my life in Sudan, Ethiopia, and Israel and wherever they are. People!!!! Life is short and they are wasting it.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Nitrickay,

            Their circumstances is either they could not get “work permit” or they could not get work, or they are in refugee camp. Under such circumstances you could accuse them as lazy who do not want to work. As to why they left their country be on their foot to warrant your accusation.

          • Berhe Y

            አንታ አማኑኤል ሓወይ፡

            ከምዚ ዓባየይ ቆልዓ ከልኩ ቡን ክትሰቲ ኮላ ትብለኑ ዝነበረት ዶ ክብለካ፡፡

            አብዚ አወለይ አይተዕገርግረኒ!!!

            እንተስ ንውልቅና፡ እንተስ ብሓባር እዩ እቲ ጅግንነት ዝብል ገዲፊና እንዶ አብዚ ዝግበር ዘሎ ጽቡቅ ወረን ዓወትን ነድህብ፡፡

            በጃኻ ዘተባብዕ እምበር ተስፋ ዘቁርጽ ሓሳብን ዘረባ ዋጋ የብሉን፡፡

            ሓዊ ሓዊ ዝጨንው መንኢሰያት ተታሓሒዞሞ አለዉ እዚ ቃልሲ፡ ካልእ እንተዝይገብርናስ፡ አጆኹም ምሳኹም አለና ንበለም፡፡

            በርሀ

          • Paulos

            Selam Berhino,

            I agree. It is really an exciting time. I actually think sooner than you predicted. I say, before the end of the year ዘራጢ ኢሳያስ ሃርባ ክገብር’ዩ ንስዑድያ!

            በርሀ ዓርከይ፣ ኣብ ኣስመራ ክሳዕ በካይዳና ሽምና እንዳ ጻሓፍና ንኸይድ ክንጨርም ኢና።

            ኣማንኤል-ዳዋ ዓርከይ ታሪኽ ሰሪሓ
            ይኣክል ኢላ ጀሚራ ንህዝቢ ረብሓ

            ይኣክል ዘይበለ ካባና’ፈለ
            ዝርኹስ ፍጥረት ዲክታቶር መታን ክእለ!

          • Berhe Y

            ዝገርመካ ፓውሎ ዓረከይ
            ንስኻ እንዲኻ አዝማሪኖ፡ ተረዝቀና ትኸውን:)

            ትማሊ ምሽት እየ ምስ በዓልቲ ቤተይ እየ ዝብለካስ፡ ክንማጎት አምሲና፡፡ አነ ይብላ፡ ኢሰያስ አብቂዑ እዩ፡ ሎሚ ዓጋቲ ዘይብሉ ማዕበል እዩ ተላዒሉ ዘሎ፡፡ ንሳ ድማ፡ ክላ ስቅ በል ኢኻ፡ እዚ ኹሉ ዓመታት እንዳ ተጨቁኑ ዘይተስእ ህዝቢ ሕጂ አብ ወጻኢ ኮንካ ይአክል ኢልካ ዝመጽእ ዘሎ ለውጢ አይመስለንን፡፡ አንቲ ኮምኡ ጥራሕ አንይኮነን፡ በዚ ወጻኢ ዘሎ አፍተ ተኸፊቱ ዘሎ፡ ንዓደይ ንሃገርይ ኢል ዘሎ ይጀመር እሞ፡ ካብኡ ቀጺሉ ድማ ናብቲ ዓዲ ዘሎ ይኸይድ፡፡ እቲ ዝገርም ግን፡ ሎሚ እዋን፡ ሰላም ተረኺቡ፡ መንገዲ አይር ሓሲሩ፡ አስቤዛ ሓሲሩ፡ ዓደይ ከይደ ክዛወር ከይበለ፡ ይአኽለኒ፡ አነስ ምስ ህዝበይ ኢሊ ክለዓል ከሎ እሞ ድማ ብግሉጽ፡ እቲ ቁርብ ፍልይ ዘበሎ፡፡

            እዚ ክብል ከለኹ፡ እቶም ካልኦት ተቃወምቲ ይኹን ፡ ተጣበቅቲ መሰል አይገበርዎን ማለትይ አይኮነን (ክንደይ እኮ ተስፋ ዘይቆርጹ)፡ ግን ንኹሉ ግዜ አለዎ፡፡

            ኮኾብ ሰላም ደሓን ይእቶ፡ ቃሕ ተበሉኩስ ሎሚ ንግሆስ እታ ቪድዮ ናይ ዓዲ ቀይሕ ይረከብ፡፡ እምበይተይ፡ ተስአ በላ እዚ ናይ ሎሚ ንግሆ ጥዑም ወረ ስምዓ ኢለ ጥውቅ አበልኩዋ ይብለካ፡፡

            There is nothing more powerful as an idea whose time has come! Victor Hugo

            በርሀ

          • Paulos

            Berhino,

            As you know, our generation to the very least has been involved in the Eritrean politics one way or another for the last thirty years and if the darkest years started to set in in the early 2000s, we have never seen the people united under one voice and with an incredible vigor and determination as they are now.

            You can see the contrast where the old people in the Seminar looking completely resigned and the young taking on the mantle of change when a live stream video with a guy from Adi-QeyiH attests to that effect. This is a long time coming where the politically bankrupted and morally sadistic Isaias is found guilty in all counts in public opinion.

            My worry is that, in an event he flees the country, a power vacuum can send the nation onto the unknown. I hope public intellectuals, academics, pressure groups, human rights activists, religious leaders call for an inclusive conference to chart out a way on how to contain and avert any potential social tension and on how to fill up a power vacuum with an interim government as well.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            ዶ/ር ጳውሎስ,

            ከም ፓለቲካዊ ሓቂ ስልጣን “ይምንዛዕ” እምበር “ዝልገስ” ኣይኮነን:: እዚ ሓድሽ ወለዶ ስልጣን ብሓይሊ መንዚዑ ሃገር ንምምራሕ ክበቅዕ አለዎ:: ሓድሽ መሪሕ ንሓድሽ ክውንነት ናይ ግድን ስለዝኾነ መንእሰያትና ሓድነቶም አረጋጊጾም ድልዋት ክኾኑ አለዎም:: ብቃልሲ ዘየመስከሩ መራሕቲ ከአ ብቅዓት ስለዘየብሉም እቶም ንጽበዮም ስራሕቲ መንእሰያትና ካብዚ ጥንኩር ኩነታት ክፍጠሩ አለዎም::

            ብዕድመ ክርኤ እንተኾይኑ ከአ እቲ “ማእከላይ ዕድመ” ኣብዚ ከባቢ ዕድመ ዘለኼዮ ስለዝኾነ እዚ ክፋል (section) ናይ ህዝብና ብብቅዓት ድሉዊ ክኸውን አለዎ ጥራይ ዘይክነስ ብቃልሲ ዘመስከረ ክኸውን አለዎ::

            ምስ አኽብሮት

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Paulo,

            I understand your concern and I think it’s the concern of every Eritrean. I think as Eritreans and since there will be no body else knows more about our problems and fears than us, it would be up to us how we wanted to chart our future.

            Eritrean people opposition under the regime of IA has a lot more positive going (despite being very cruel regime) for it so the change for the better.

            1) There is no region, religious or ethnic group that IA can hide and seek refugee to. The whole Eritrean population is against him and the only option he has is to run to S. Arabia and hide there until he dies, like Idi Amin.

            2) There are no ethnic, religeous or region, that will die protecting him and his regime. Those that are dancing Nhna Nsu, Nsu Nhna and just diaspora cheer leaders, which they will disappear or change their stance with the change and they will say “mesiluna endyu, nHna zefeleTna”.

            3) With very few exception, everyone in Eritrea has suffered under these regime, business people, students, political leaders, civil servants, national services, etc..Everyone knows what it means to live under the of IA. And there is nothing worst that can come after he is gone and Eritreans will be very careful and to make sure the transition is smooth.

            4) I know we celebrated when Tegadelti entered Asmara in 1991 and I can tell you, the celebration will be equally if not more when IA is gone.

            5) There is no group that die for the ideal of PFDJ stood fore. They have no ideal to begin with except ideal of Skunis…so as soon as he is gone, they will disappear from the face of the earth.

            እቲ ንዓይ ዝመስለኒ “ነዚ ሮኽራኽ ኢና ክንድዚ ፈሪሒናዮ እዚ ኩሉ ዓመታት” ኢልና ኢና ብዙሕ ንጥዓስን ንሓዝዝንን፡፡

            And finally, it’s people like you (Hameed, SGJ, Saay) who are great thinkers who should help us chart our peaceful future.

            Berhe

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Berhe Y,

            Please, tell your dear wife that the decision of our revolution was taken by Eritreans in Cairo. They appointed Hamed Idris Awate to be the leader of our revolution. The diaspora Eritreans consciousness about unity will directly reflect to our people inside Eritrea and vis-versa. There is nothing that differentiate between them, they are one whole body difficult to distinguish between them. They are one body, what you feel in the toe is felt at any part of the body. If Eritreans inside Eritrea sneeze the diaspora Eritrean will feel fever. As an example we have Forto Operation and Al-Diyah School. I hope, the idea of division in any form should be erased from our psychs.

            Al-Arabi

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Berhe,

            Agree. I hope to see persistency and consistency in their struggle.

          • Nitricc

            Hey AMAN-H; I understand that but the fact is they are wasting their prime for nothing, absolutely for nothing. That is all I am saying.

      • Hameed Al-Arabi

        Ahlan Millennium,

        I am embarrassed. Are you Reuters, CNN, Aljazeera, BBC …? You seem to be the CENTER of all news in the world. Of course, your CENTER is located either in Ethiopia or Eritrea the poorest countries in the world. I think, you are in need of bread before news. Take it easy if the news didn’t reach you on time. As you know Ethiopians are accustomed to receive news after 8 years. I think, it is normal issue in the areas you live.

        Al-Arabi

        • Millennium

          Hi Hameed:

          You are not making sense

          Millennium

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Millennium,

            ኵዒ ብማንካ ክዝሕል ብእድካ is the issue with you.

            Al-Arabi

  • Hameed Al-Arabi

    Hi Awates,

    The late President of Yemen was always saying that he dances on the HEADS OF SERPENTS. At the time of his clashes with Huthes in Sanaah and before his death, one of Huthes leaders, Al-Bukhaiti, in an interview with Al-Jazeera said that this is his dance on the heads of serpents.

    I intended from this introduction to tell Isaias that his Friday meetings with the people of Eritrea is his last dance on the heads of Eritreans. The people of Eritrea have passed through such kind of ploys many times in their history with Isaias. Isaias purpose from the meetings is to intercept the TSUNAMI, but it is too strong to stop it with his lame excuses and promises. The people of Eritrea do not request from Isaias except his disappearance from the face of Eritrea and her people.

    Al-Arabi

    • Mez

      Dear Hameed A,

      Calm down man. Evolution is much better for the country than revolution.

      Thanks

      • Hameed Al-Arabi

        Dear Mez,

        I deem , thirty years or more are enough for the evolution you speak about. We have ploughed and sowed a long time ago, now it is just the picking of fruits by the Eritrean people.

        Al-Arabi

        • Mez

          Dear Hameed A,

          Your intention to have good governance back home is a blessed one; the political evolution is vagabonding in seemingly slow motion.

          To conclude–Hoping time will come where everyone (politically) will get electrified, and popular self governance will prevail.

          Thanks

      • Kaddis

        Dear Mez,

        the change makers in Ethiopia believed like you and left the revolution to evolve / reform using the most corrupt link in the ruling party. They regret it now. Don’t expect these dead parties to bring anything! …change them by any means.

        • Nitricc

          Hi Kaddis; well the search goes on for Ethiopia in finding the real leader. Obviously PMAA is not for Ethiopia. Trust me, as an Eritrean I love PMAA. He did huge and solved complicated problems for the state of Eritrea and I am thankful of PMAA. However; PMAA is not for Ethiopia. After I heard PMAA speech full of anger and extremely insulting, I wonder where Ethiopia is heading. It is clear that PMAA and Lemma’s plan is to oromize Addis Abeba by demographic engineering. They played it very well under the cover of greater Ethiopia. PMAA had the people’s support but he wasted it. back to square one.

        • Mez

          Hi Kadis,

          Life is full of surprises. That is what we started seeing in Addis.

          But what is really a democratic process???

          I tend to believe what we see now is what it is; just it has to be within certain minimal common frame work–i tend at times to miss the commonality bench mark.

          No body really knows where things in Addis land say 5 years from now.

          Things at times seems to look as bizarre as the “Paris commune” or the Italian politics since the end of wwii.

          Thanks

          • Kaddis

            Hi Mez –

            I still believe Ethiopian politics is very predictable than it appears and many are on the record saying –

            Abiy’s only capability, lent to him by the activists, was to take convincing commitments towards democratisation. Real democratic process is respecting the law

            – meaning step down if your term ends eg Addis Ababa Administration mandate ended a year ago and Abiy is dragging his feet to miss the 2020 national election deadline

            – addressing the media/ accountability ( no press conference, Isiaias did better this year)

            – respect the electoral law ( mainly means respect your own party by-laws; Abiy is signing MOU’s without his coalition consent)

            – don’t enact laws against the constitution ( border commission ) – – don’t antagonise your people ( he did to Tigray and now begging to make it up ) etc…..

            So all his missteps against his change making advisors made him exactly what they feared. Losing legitimacy even to count the population. Now he is back into claiming the EPRDF’s success including Tplf’s as his resume (predicted from day one). He could have been our first democratic pioneer because that was his comparative advantage from his predecessor. You can’t beat Meles on economy, multilateralism and security. Abiy could only get elected if he started a real democratic process.

          • Mez

            Good day Kaddis,

            Well, I would say, too early to call. The “political hook-up break up” cycle may be heating up.

            Thanks

            Thanks

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Kaddis,

            I quote: “Now he is back into claiming the EPRDF’s success including Tplf’s as his resume.”

            After denouncing EPRDF by claiming that the last 28 years was the “darkest” years in the history of Ethiopia and trying to argue that Derg wasn’t “defeated” in 1991, now he couldn’t reclaim the success of his predecessors. I said this guy isn’t a politician (a) when he betrayed the “party” that cultivated and brought him to power (b) when he denied the success of the party that brought him to power (c) when he failed to work in consultation with the party that brought him to power (d) when he hinted to change the current Federal structure.

            Now he is too late to reclaim EPRDF as his party and as a leader of the “front party” in the upcoming elections. He lost all the trust of the party members. Being a good communicator only doesn’t warrant a leadership. If he couldn’t maintain the unity of the party that brought him to power, he couldn’t maintain the unity of the Ethiopian people at large. That simple. He must know his limitation for the sake of his country and transfer power to someone who is capable to address the grievances of the “nations and nationalities” and maintain the threads that hold the unity of Ethiopia. Grievances and conflicts can not be addressed from the Minelik Palace without inter reacting with the “people” of the “kilils” who are on conflict with each other. Leaders should be bold enough to go to the conflict area to calm the situation and to learn the nature of the conflict first hand. He isn’t.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Yes Amuni,

            Correct,

            “Now he is too late to reclaim EPRDF as his party and as a leader of the “front party” in the upcoming elections. He lost all the trust of the party members.”

            I was watching TV just now and they were disusing as if they were holding EPRDF still which makes me wonder as I learn from year since Dr.Abiy change came to power..It is strange for me that…

            KS..

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Kokhbay,

            A friend of tyrants is not good for Ethiopians. The Ethiopians were deceived by his unrealistic and apolitical rhetorics of spiritual messages that has nothing to do with real politics of extensive horse treading to come in to compromise. He was bogus from the beginning.

          • Kaddis

            Selam Gash Aman –

            Abiy was selected by the EPRDF and the activism to use EPRDF for change. But he effectively dissolved the party assuming he can consolidate power around him, only. He wanted to imitate Isiaias: bypassing all the party and gov structure and lead by his fame. Not a chance.

            Well – the west should be happy of getting rid of one socialist inspired party but Ethiopia benefits if replaced by another sane one.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Dear Mez,

        Evolutionary change for a tyrannical regime? Not good on the eye of the innocent people who are dying in the foxholes of the regime. Not good when you tilt your Justice towards the regime by offering life sustaining evolutionary change. Not a solution to the endless exodus of young generation.

        • Mez

          Good Day Amanuel H,

          Absolutely correct when you state:

          1) “… tyrannical regime…””…foxhole prison…”; “…endless exodus…”

          All of the above are correct. It has to change for the better. No question on that.

          2) the key in this fighting to remove the above political system is in inducing a political change WILL among the enablers and vital figures in the country. A situation has eventually to come where PIA can no more trust anyone, and every one openly start revolting againest the one man “government institution”.

          3) a military option (in any of its form) seems a short cut, but it is in reality a nghtmare senario.Shall be avoided atany cost.

          Thanks

  • Hameed Al-Arabi

    Ahlan Awates,

    I am very worried about Meskin (poor) Nitricc. He was left alone advocating for Meddamer and Isaias. It seems, he has no friends who request him in facebook to say enough (Yiakil) to the mess he lives in. Oh! Kubur Nitricc, the train started to move, hurry up before you are left alone in the desert toothless. This is a toll of bell to wake you up from your slumber. I am very worrisome about you. Since you don’t have friends, I volunteer myself to be your friend and request you to say Yiakil in a broad daylight.

    Al-Arabi

    • Nitricc

      Hi Al-Arabi; hahahaha I don’t even have a face-book lol. I do want to see changes but what kinds of change? Look at what is going in Ethiopia? They thought TPLF was the worst for them and now it seems they changed to the worst one. At least during TPLF there was law and order but now, the country on dangerous and very concerning situation. So, when you say change be carful what you wish.

  • Haile Zeru

    Hi all,

    DIA is making all deals (long and short term deals) with different countries. None of these deals are approved, discussed or voted upon by parliament. None whatsoever.
    Some or I can say most of these deals are not
    in Eritrean people and hence the opposition interest.
    For example: -the lease of Assab to the Saudies and UAE to be used for military purpose.
    -This whole “medemer” issue that runs contrary to our boarder demarcation.
    -The “you lead us” repeated declaration by DIA to Abiye.
    Etc. Etc…

    One would expect our dear opposition brothers and sisters to be busy writing letters to all leaders of the countries that are interacting with DIA telling them that they won’t be bound by any agreement made by DIA. For the obvious reason that he is unelected.
    -That there is no legislative body that ratifies these deals etc…

    These letter writing will not bring down DIA but it is a warning that later can be used to withdraw from any deals he signed.

    I think we need lawyers with international law expertise to untangle the knots DIA making now. And a little effort now might save a lot later.

    • Millennium

      Hi Haile Zeru:

      Are you saying you will write a letter to the Saudi king telling him that Eritreans will not be bound by any agreement that he signs with Isaias because Isaias is not elected? And you will write the same letter to the UAE leader?

      Regards,
      Millennium

    • Hope

      Selam Zeru :
      Let us be realistic here.
      Whether it is a Dictaorship or not ,he is the President of Eritrea in the eyes of the International Community and the nations he is making agreements with .

      As long as these agreements are not against the National Security Interest of Eritrea,it is ok as we have no choices for now.

      Our duty is to scrutinize and challenge the Regime to make sure that these agreements are NOT against the Interest of Eritrea and Eritreans.
      Just an opinion.

  • Mez

    Hi moderators,

    Your website says it is insecure, (No https).

    Pls fix this security component; it is vital.

    Thanks

    • Berhe Y

      Hi Mez,

      It’s a warning and not necessarily its not secure.

      Since the Snowden leak revealed a lot of websites have migrated to https (s – secure) from traditional (http), started with google. And the reason was to encrypt traffic so some entity do not tap and snoop the traffic. And many websites followed suit.

      This is important for sites like Google (gmail) and browsing the web (privacy) etc.

      But AT, all the information hosted is public and open, so I don’t think making it encrypted necessary have any added value.

      I think making the website encrypted, comes with added cost and resources (as is man power), getting / installing certificate etc which the website is already stretched to need its budget.

      If you are using chrome I think you get the warning, and may be others as well as a cautionary method.

      Disclaimer: this is totally speculation on my side and I am not involved with AT other than an average user.

      Berhe

      • Paulos

        Selam Berhino,

        That is really smart. Thank you for the lesson. I always wondered what it means when a warning says, “this is not secure.” Now I know. Thanks again.

  • Hameed Al-Arabi

    Ahlan Awates,

    The Sultanate of Oman enters competition in the Horn of Africa. She signs an agreement with Djibouti to invest in Djibouti Ports. A new development that shows integration of Meddamer is falling apart.

    Al-Arabi

  • Hayat Adem

    Dear friends,
    Positions are shifting so fast. Do you remember Shaleka Dawit, the guy who is always behind political troubles? He was the first to hails Abiy’s move. Well not any more. He said this recently: “…..The PM has proved himself to be either fake, incompetent, or simply an extended arm of other interests. Free media should start talking about this before we lose a country…”

    • Paulos

      Hayata,

      I am surprised you took him [ሻለቃ] serious in the first place. I don’t think it matters whatever he said before or after.

      • Hayat Adem

        Paul,
        Right. It doesn’t matter what such people say or don’t say. Someone gave a book to read some months back. ሻለቃ ዳዊት was a topic here at Awate then. I think SGJ said something about him and then we started discussing him. When I shared those exchanges with a trusted friend, he brought me an Amharic book written by ሻለቃ ዳዊት. The book shows you an adult man prostituting to another man. The book was compilation of ሻለቃ ዳዊት’s letters addressed to ጓድ መንግስቱ after he defected. What can be a character of a person made of to bow that low for a boss from whom he ran away. I brought him here to show how a dangerously politically commecial man he is. But you are damn right… all the same, he is a worthless man. His positions and statementa are worthless as well.

        • Hameed Al-Arabi

          Ahlan Hayat Adem,

          “The book shows you an adult man prostituting to another man.”

          I think you have an intimate friendship with disque.

          Al-Arabi

    • Saleh Johar

      Hi Hayat,
      I am laughing at this, can you post the link to Dawit’s statements, please.

      And I have to say this: it took days to see through Abiy’s flowery statements. Just like it happened to me in 98 when I stood against the Baden war, all alone except a few, I was afraid this time it will take as long for people to realize his naked self. Thanks to God it didn’t take that long. It an interesting time we are going through

      • Hope

        Selam HA and SGJ:
        May be he is mad at Dr AAA for not getting a Cabinet Post or something…like that.
        I know it is a Human Nature to judge people by 1% of the human mistakes and errors they make,NOT by the 99% Good things they achieve and they do.
        Worse, if Politics is added to that human nature, the bias and prejudice even get worse.
        Dr. AAA is trying and doing his BEST and the 99% positive things he has achieved is what matters the MOST,Hope thinks so!.
        BTW,are you aware of the new waves of the PFDJ propaganda, which just started today in Asmera and soon in to be expanded to the other Cities and Adm Regions of Eritrea?

        • Saleh Johar

          Hope,
          Statements like yours are free, they don’t cost anything. Can you tell me how you arrived at the 1% bad 99% good?
          But then, if he did 99% for his country and 1% for Eritrea, and if I thought that 1% is critical for the well-being on my country, what do I do? I know what you would do because you said it.

          I know about the propaganda unleashed in Eritrea, I am not buying anything of that but I wouldn’t be surprised if someone else did. And I think, the pfdj doesn’t need support to continue what it is doing, it’s time sone lost souls focused on its victims.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Abu Salah,

            At least at this time on the nature of the PM, he is right. He characterized him as fake or as someone driven by others.

          • Saleh Johar

            Emma,
            I need to see consistency, I do not fall for single statements but record of statements.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Abu Salah,

            You could only see “Consistency” with principled people, and they are rare in politics, especially in Eritrean politics.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Ustaz Saleh Johar,

            Yes, you are right. We chew only one gum until it becomes soup (ሸርበ) in our mouths. Certainly, the gum bores our chewing and changes its nature.

            Al-Arabi

          • Hope

            Selamat Uncle SGJ:
            Relax,my man!
            You know that people have been judging you not only by 1 % of the mistakes you have made but even for YOU telling them/us the 99.999% of TRUTH.
            The 1 or 99 % thing is an expression….to say that we get judged by by the minimum mistakes we make and I am trying to interpolate that to Dr AAA and his accusers and “criticizers.
            Poor chap, what the heck do you guys want him to do beyond what he is trying to do?
            I wish we have that 1 % of his effort applied in Eritrea.

          • Saleh Johar

            Hi Hope,
            I think we failed because we have failed to be resolute. Much of our supposedly allies are Lang’-Lang. I mean most of us, not specifically any single person. The more we focus on the Eritrean victims we will stop wallowing on issues of no consequence or relevance to us. This has been our failure as I understand the. I hope you agree.

        • Paulos

          Selam Dr. Hope,

          I am not aware of any propoganda. Would you mind telling us? Thanks.

          • Hope

            Selam Dottore:

            “Would you mind telling us”?

            Yes—per the Pro-Govt Sites,here we go!

            -On the Ethio-Eritrea Peace Process and Agreements vis-a-avis the Eritrean Sovereignty and Territorial Integrity
            -Eritrea’s over all Economic and other Infrastructures—the Aseb and Massawa Ports included

            -On the National Service issues

            Here is what I challenged the propagandists and the immediately banned me from their sites:

            Any Meetings:

            a)About the 1994 EPLF Charter and the 1997 ratified Constitution and their provisions?

            b)The fate of our Political Prisoners and the Prisoners of Conscience

            c) The Private Sector of our Economy
            ?

          • Paulos

            Oh ok. Thank you bro.

      • Paulos

        Selam Ayay,

        Please excuse my interjection. I saw the statement he made on Facebook. And it is pretty authentic as in it ain’t fake.

      • Nitricc

        I stood against the Baden war,

        Hi SG; do you mean Badime war or there was other war called “Baden war” my sense tells me a typo but I take the principles of “never assume”
        anyway; I mean how can you blame the guy, PMAA. what exactly can you do when you 107 political parties in a country like Ethiopia? I don’t know about you but I am starting to believe this is not the best way out.
        «ኢትዮጵያ 107 የፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች አሏት»

        • Saleh Johar

          Nitricc,
          Of course you know it is a typo, but bedan means stinky in Tigrayit and the war was stinky 🙂

          I am repeatedly saying you do not use every piece of comment you read as a credible reference. My challenge is this: I am stating that number is a lie. If you can prove me wrong by naming them Don’t try, they do not exist. But if they are considering each individual opposition person as a party, they could have hundreds of thousands. Nitricc, do you know the saying, “kab bahali’ous degami’ou”? Yes, that is how I felt. Please don’t do that because it reflects badly on you, as someone who consumes any rumor for a fact before verifying or at least doing due deligence. That’s my advice to my younger brother. 🙂

          • Nitricc

            Hey SG; how do you know it is a lie? Are you a member of Ethiopian elections board? come-on my man you can’t know every thing. again there are registered 107 political parties in Ethiopia.

          • Saleh Johar

            ٍNitricc,
            Apologies, I made a mistake, but my mistake shows how
            different we are thinking. I was thinking about Eritrea (that is what I do most) but you were writing about Ethiopia.

            Now that it is Ethiopia you ae talking about, I think they need 93 more parties, one for every half a million people :-).

          • Nitricc

            Hey SG; all you need to do listen to PMAA; he said ” how can i function with a country where there are 107 political parties ” just listen. i am just presenting you with facts.

            https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ga88F2awP8I

          • Mez

            Hi Nitrcc,

            do you think Eritrea may, as the first nation, recognize somaliland?

            Reason being financial benefit, and political reward to keep pia’s power grip.

            Thanks

          • Nitricc

            Hi Mez; I hope Eritrea stays away from any controversial issues. The first time PIA talked endlessly about Somalia, Eritrea was sanctioned and her people went through hell. If you ask me, Eritrea should sit back and do her homework. As far as PIA and power; I think this is the best time for him to exit. If he stays any longer, I don’t see any good things. This is a great time for him to exit for both of them, for the country and for PIA himself.

          • Mez

            Dear Nitricc,

            I hope what you said above hold and prevail over the comming months and years.

            But, looking at things on the ground, (in Somalia politics of the regional powers) pia seems the best candidate to hit the button. if you see things closely recognizing somaliland is less destructive in peoples life than giving a lifeline support for a destructive war in Yemen–and that without any exit plan and timetable.

            thanks

          • Mez

            Dear Saleh J,

            Eritrea also has quite a bit number of opposition parties, albite they are not officially allowed into their country to serve their people.

            Thanks

      • Hayat Adem

        Dearest H.SGJ,
        I think your friend was responding to a certain Getaneh Simnew.
        Here it is: https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=2132400030183325&id=100002400465516

  • Paulos

    Selam AT,

    My apologies. No I don’t have an objection. Please post it on Jebena page. Thanks.

  • Paulos

    ሰላም ብሩኻት ህዝበይ,

    “ቲፎዞ ናይ ሃያክ’ዶ ወይስ ናይ ከይነዝ?”

    ረሳሓት ክዳውንቲ ተኣኪቡ ስለዝነበረ፣ ብርጭቆ ክዳውንቲ ክትሓጽብ ክትዳሎ ጀመረት፣ ክልተ ጥስቲ ከተምጽእ ናብቲ ውሽጢ ገዛ ምስ ኣተወት፣ ሓወቦይ ምራጭ ኣብቲ ኣፍደገ ገዛ ጻሓይ ይጽሎ ስለዝነበረ ናበይ ኢልክዮ ኢኺ እዚ ጥስቲ ኢሉ ሓተታ፣ ዋእ ናትኩም ነገር’ካኣ ዘውዳእ፣ ሓንሳእ ክዳውንትና ጨንዩ መቓይርቲ ስኢንና ኢልኩም ተጉረምረሙ፣ ጸኒሕኩም’ካኣ፣ ኣበይ ኢልክዮ ‘ዝጥስቲ ኢልኩም ትሓቱ፣ ናበይ ኢለዮ’ዳኣ ክዳውንቲ ክሓጽብ እምበር ካልእ’ዳኣ እንታይ ክገብረሉ ኢላ ገጻ ዓጺፋ መለሰትሉ።

    ሓወቦይ ብተፈጥርኡ ሓራቕ ስለዝነበረ፣ ኣቲ ቖልዓ፣ ሎምስ’ካኣ ካን ንዒቕክኒ ድምጽኺ ኣልዒልኪ ትምልስለይ ኣለኺ በላ፣ ዓሕ ኣነ ምራጭ’ኣነ ምሳኻትክን ጉማማታት ተሪፈ በላ፣ ንሳኻ’ኣ ኣነባ ምሳኹም ተሪፈ፣ ብግዜይስ’ባ ብርጭቆ በዚኣ ሓለፈት በቲኣ ኸደት’የ ዘብል’ኔረ፣ ኣየርኤልኪ ንስኺ’ዳኣ እንታይ ዝረአ’ለኪ፣ ብርጭቆ መጸት ክባሃል’ከሎ ኳርታ ዘቢጦም ይሃድሙ ይነብሩ’ምበር በላ እንዳሳሓቐ፣ ንሱስ’ዳሓን ፈላጥየይ ይፈልጠኒ፣ በለቶ። ምስኡ ቅጽል ኣቢሉ፣ ዝሓተትኩኺ ምኽንያት ማይ ከምዘየላ ክሕብረኪ ደልየ’እየ በላ፣ እዋይ ካብ ቀደሙ ከምኡ’ዳኣ ዘይትብሉ በለቶ። እሞ ሕጂ’ዳኣ እንታይ ክገብር’የ፣ በሉ መሕለፊ ግዜ ክኾነና እታ በቐዳማይ ዝሓተትኩኹም ብዛዕባ መንግስቲ ኣብቲ ኣካይዳ ናይቲ ዕዳጋ ኢዱ ከእቱ ይኽእልዶ ኢለ ዝሓተትክኹም ቀጽልዋ በለቶ።

    ሓወቦይ በሊ ካብበልክስ ኢሉ ዘረብኡ ከምዚ ክብል ጀመረ። ቅድሚ ናብቲ ቀንዲ ዛዕባ መንግስቲ ኣብቲ ዕዳግ ተራ ዝጻወት ተኾይኑ ምርኣይና፣ ሓደ መሰረታዊ ዝኾነ ጽንሰ ሓሳብ ታሪኻዊ ኣማጻጽእኡ ምርኣይ የድልየና፣ እዚ ጽንሰ ሓሳብ’ዚ ሊበራሊዝም [Liberalism] ተባሂሉ ይጽዋዕ።

    መጀመርታ ብፍላይ አብ መወዳእታ ናይ 18 ክፍለዘመን፣ እቲ ቀንዲ ኣምር ናቱ ኣብ ናይ ፖለቲካውን ፍልስፍናን ዛዕባ ዝተመርኮሰ ስለ ዝነበረ፣ እቲ ቀነዲ ትርጉሙ እቲ ናይ መወዳእታ ዕላማ ናይ ወዲሰብ ነጻነት እዩ ዝብል ሓሳብ ሒዙ እዩ መጺኡ፣ ካልኣይ’ካኣ ኣብ ዝኾነ ሕብረተሰብ እቲ ልኡላዊ ዝባሃል እቲ ውለቀ-ሰብ እዩ ይብል፣ ስለዚ እቲ ነጻነት ዝብል፣ ብዙሕ ነገራት ዝሓዘ እዩ፣ ማለት ወዲሰብ ዝኾነ ዓይነት ውሳኔ ክውስን ምንም ነገር ዋላ መንግስቲ’ተኾነ ክግድዶን ክውስነሉን ኣይክእልን እዩ ይብል። እዚ ኣታሓሳስባ ጥንታዊ ሊበራሊዝም [Classical Liberalism] ተባሂሉ ይፍለጥ።

    ኣብ መወዳእታ ናይ 19 ክፍለዘመንን ኣብቲ ናይ መጀመርያ ናይ 20 ክፍለዘመን ግን እቲ ሊበራሊዝም ዝባሃል ኣምር ብፍላይ ኣብ ሕቡራት መንግስታት ኤሜሪካ ናይ ስነ-ቁጠባ ኣታራጓጉማ እንዳ’ሓዘ መጺኡ፣ እዚ ማለት እንታይ ማለት እዩ፣ ኣብ ክንዲ ነጻነት እቲ ናይ መወዳእታ ዕላማ ናይ ወዲሰብ ኮይኑ ዝፍለጥ፣ ማዕርነትን [Equality] ድሕንነትን [Welfare] ከም ቀንዲ ዕላማታት ኮይኖም ቀሪቦም፣ ነጻነት ከም ማእከላዊ ደረጃን ከም መሳጋገሪ ናብ ማዕርነትን ድሕንነትን ኮይኑ ቀሪቡ። ኣብዚ ክልተ ተጋራጨውቲ ሓሳባት ክንዕዘብ ንኽእል፣ ንሱ’ኻኣ እንታይ’ዩ፣ ሓደ ሰብ ናጻ እንድሕር ኮይኑ ከመይ ኢሉ ምስ’ካልኦት ማዕረ ክኸውን ይኽእል? ምኽንያቱ ካብ ካልኦት ጸብለል ኢሉ ኽረአ ነጻነት ስለዘለዎ፣ እዚ ተጋራጨዊ ዛዕባ ርእሱ ዝኻኣለ ኣፋታትሓ ኣለዎ፣ ምናልባት ዳሕራይ ማዓልቲ ብዛዕብኡ ከነዕልል ኢና በላ።

    ሓወቦይ ዘረብኡ ብምቕጻል ከምዚበለ፣ ስለዚ ወዲሰብ ድላዩ ክገብር ነጻ እንድሕር ኮይኑ፣ እቲ ዕዳጋ’ኻኣ ብናይ ደቂ ሰባት ዝግበር ንናይ ብሕቲ ጥቕሚ ንምዕባይ ዝግበር ጸወታን ውድድርን ስለዝኾነ፣ ነጻ ክኸውን ኣለዎ ማለት እዩ፣ ስለዚ እቲ ናይ መንግስቲ ታራ ኣብቲ ውሽጢ ዕዳጋ ኢዱ ከእቱ ዘይኮነ፣ እንታይ’ዳኣ ተርኡ ኣብ ብሕታዊ ሃብቲ ምሕላውን ኣብ ሞንጎ ተዋሳእቲ ዝግበር ምስሕሓብን፣ ስርቅን፣ ምሽፋጥን ናይ ምፍታሕ ግደ ጥራሕ እዩ ክጻወት ዘለዎ። ነገር ግን ናይ ነብሲወከፍና ክእለትን ናይ ኣታሓሳስባ ክእለትናን ዝተፋላለየ ስለዝኾነ፣ እቶም ኣብቲ ናይ ዕዲጋ ዝግበር ጸዋታ ዝተሳዕሩን ዝጠፈሹን፣ ወይካኣ ስራሕ አልቦ ዝኾኑ መን ይሓግዞም ዝብል ሕቶ ክላዓል ይኽእል። ነዚ መሰረታዊ ሕቶ ንምምላስ፣ ክልተ ውልቀሰባት ሓደ ፍረድሪክ ሃያክ [Fredrich Hayek] ዝባሃል ወዲ ኦስትርያ፣ እቲ ሓደ’ኻአ ጆን መንየርድ ከይነዝ [John Maynard Keynes] ዝባሃል እንግሊዝያዊ እዮም።

    ክልቲኦም ዳርጋ ከም ናይ መራሕቲ ሃይማኖት ነናቶም ጽኑዓት ኣመንትን ተኸተልትን እዮም ኣፍርዮም፣ ክሳብ ዕለተሞቶም ካኣ ተጻባእቲ ኮይኖም ነቢሮም። ናይ ክልቲኦም መሰረታዊ ሓሳባት ተጻራሪ ጥራሕ ዘይኮነ፣ በቢግዚኡ፣ ኣብ ዓበይትን ሓያላትን ሃገራት ኣብ ናይ ዘቤታዊ ዝተገብረ ናይ ስነ-ቁጠባ ስልትን ቅድን፣ ዓቢ ተራ ተጻዊቶም እዮም። ንምሳሌ ካብ 1945 ክሳብ 1975 እቲ መብዛሕቱ ምዕራባውያን ሃገራት ዝኽተሎኦ ዝነበራ ናይ ስነ ቁጠባ ቅዲ ኣብ ናይ ከይነዝ ዝተመርኮሰ ጽንሰ ሓሳብ እዩ ኔሩ፣ ድሕሪኡ’ኻኣ ማለት ካብ መጀመርታ 80ታት ክሳብ ዳርጋ ኣብዚ’ቐረባ እዋን ማለት ክሳብ 2008 እቲ ዝዓብለለ ሓሳብ ናይ ስነቁጠባ ኣብ ናይ ሃያክ ዝተመረኮሰ ኔሩ። ስለዚ እቲ ቀነዲ ኣፋላልዮኦም ክንርኢ እንተዳኣዀንና እተን ዝጻሓፍወን መጻሓፍትን እቲ ታሪኻዊ ኣማጻጽኦምን ክንርኢ ኣለና።

    ብከይነዝ ንጀመር: ከይነዝ ካብቶም ናይ እንግለዝ ልሂቃን ደርቢ ዝባሃሉ ሓደ ካብኣቶም እዩ ኔሩ፣ ኣቡኡ ኣብ ዩኒቨርሲቲ ናይ ፍልስፍናን ሎጅክን [Logic] መምህር ስለዝነበረ፣ ንከይነዝ ኣብ ኣታሓሳስቡኡን ኣብ ሕሳብ [Mathematics] ዘለዎ ተገዳስነት ከምዝዓቢ ሓጊዝዎ እዮ፣ ግን ብተፈጥርኡ በሊሕን ደፋርን ስለዝነበረ፣ ኩሉ ግዜ ኣብ ናይ ዝተዋሳሰቡ ጸገማት ምፍታሕ የድህብ ነበረ፣ ብኸምኡ’ኻኣ እዮ እቲ ውሩይ ናይ ሕሳብ ክኢላ በርትራንድ ራሰል [Bertrand Russell] ብዙሕ ናእዳ ዘይህብ ሰብ ክነሱ፣ ብዛዕባ ከይነዝ ግን እቲ ዝበልሐን ዝነጸረ ኣእምሮ ዘለዎ ሰብ ኣብ ሂወተይ ዘጋጠመኒ ኢሉ ዝተዛረበ።

    ኣብዚ ክንርእዮ ዘለና ነገር እንታይ እዩ፣ ከይነዝ ትምህርቱ ወዲኡ ኣብ ስራሕ ዓለም ዝኣተወሉ ግዜ፣ እቲ ናይ ቁጠባ መስርሕ ወይካኣ ዋጋ ናይ ገንዘብ ኣብ ወርቂ-ሃብቲ ናይ ሓንቲ ሃገር [Gold Standard] ዝተመረኮሰሉን፣ እቲ ቀንዲ ስራሕ ናይ ማእከላይ ባንኪ [Central Banks] ብብሕታውያን ሰብሃብቲ ዝተወነነሉን መሊሱ’ኻኣ ቀዳማይ ውግእ ዓለም ዝጅመረሉ ዝነበረ ግዜ እዮ ኔሩ፣ እዘን ረቛሒታት እዚኣተን ንናይ ከየነዝ ኣታሓሳስባን ነታ ውርይቲ መጽሓፉ ማለት “The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money” ንኽጽሕፍ ዓቢ ግደ ተጻዊተን’የን፣ በብሓደ ንርኣየን።

    ብሕጽር ዝበለ ኣዛራርባ ጎልድ ስታንዳርድ እንታይ ማለት እዩ፣ ናይ ሓንቲ ዓዲ ዝዘውር ዘሎ ገንዘብ ዋግኡ ዝግመት በቲ ኣብ ካዝና ዓቘራቶ ዘላ ናይ ወርቂ ሃብቲ እዩ፣ እቲ ወርቂ ከም ቡልዮን [Bullion] ማለት ጋና ዘይመኸኸ ወርቂ ክንብሎ ንኽእል ኢና ንመረዳእታ ምእንታን ክጥዕመና። ንምሳሌ ሓንቲ ናቕፋ ዋግኣ 4 ግራም ወርቂ ተኾይኑ፣ ናይ ሓንቲ ብር ዋጋ’ኻኣ 8 ግራም ተኾይኑ፣ ሓንቲ ናቕፋ 2 ብር እዩ ዋግኣ ማለት እዩ። እቲ ቀንዲ ጥቕሚ ናይ ጎልድ ስታንዳርድ እንታይ እዩ፣ ዝቕባበ [Inflation] ንኽህሉ ሳዕቤን ኣይክህሉን እዩ፣ ምኽንያቱ፣ እቲ ዝሕተም ገንዘብ ብዕቅን ናይ ወረቂ-ሃብቲ ናይታ ዓዲ ክኸውን ስለዘለዎ።

    ጸኒሕና ከምንርእዮ ግን፣ ድሕሪ ቀዳማይ ውግእ ዓለም፣ ጀርመን ምስተሳዕረት እሞኻኣ እቲ ዝተገብረላ ናይ ገንዘብ መቕጻዕትን ምስቲ ልቓሕ ዝጸንሓ ተደሚሩ፣ ብሰንኪ እቲ ዝጸንሐ ናይ ጎልድ ስታንዳርድ ቅዲ፣ ነቲ ናይ ኣካፋፍላ ጸገማት መሊሱ ስለዘግደዶ፣ ንዕዑ መፍትሒ ዝኸውን ኢሉ ቅድሚታ ኣብታ ኣብ ላዕሊ ተጠቒሳ ዘለ መጽሓፉ [Peace And Its Consequences] ትብል መጽሓፍ ጸሓፈ፣ ኣብኣ ከይነዝ ጀርመን ዕዳኣ ክትከፍል ክትክል እንተዳኣ ኾይና፣ ናብ ኩለን ሃገራት ኣቑሕታ ክትሸይጥ ክፍቀደላ ኣለዎ፣ እዚ እንታይ ማለት እዩ፣ ኢምፖርት ከይገበረት፣ ኤክስፖርት ጥራሕ ብምግባር ማለት እዩ፣ መሊሱ’ኻኣ እቲ ዕዳ ካብ ዳርጋ 34 ቢልዮን ናብ 6 ቢልዮን ክወርድ ኣለዎ ኢሉ ጸሓፈ። እታ መጽሓፍ ብቕጽበት ብዙሕ ተሸጠት፣ ኣብ ምሉእ ምዕራብ ዓለም’ካኣ ከይነዝ ሽሙ ግኑን’ኮነ። ነቶም ሽዕዑ ዝነበሩ ናይ ዓለም መራሕቲ ግን እታ መጽሓፍ ብዙሕ ኣቖጣዓቶም፣ ምኽንያቱ ብፍላይ ብፍላይ ካብ ናይ ናፖልዮን ግዜ ኣትሒዙ፣ ኣብ መንጎ ፈረንሳን ጀርመንን ዓቢ ቅርሕንቲ ስለዝጸንሐ። ብኸምኡ እዩ’ኻኣ ከይነዝ ኣዝዩ በሊሕ ጥራሕ ዘይኮነ ደፋር ከምዝነበረ ዝፍለጥ።

    ሓወቦይ ከምዚ ክብል ዘረብኡ ቐጸለ፣ ከምቲ ኣብ ላዕሊ ዝራኣናዮ፣ እተን ማእከላይ ባንኪ ዝባሃላ [Central Banks] ብብሕታውያን ዝውነና፣ እቶም ዘካይድወን ንመንግስቲ ዘይኮነ ነቶም ዳይረክተራት ተሓታትነቶም ጥራሕ ዘይኮነ፣ እቲ ቐንዲ ሓላፍነተን ከም ሎሚ ስራሕ ኣልቦነት ንምጉዳል፣ ናይ ኣቑሑት ዋጋታት ንምርግጋእ ዘይኮነ፣ እንታይ’ዳኣ፣ ሓላፍነተን ነቲ ናይ ገንዘብ ዋጋ ንምዕቃብ ጠራይ እዩ ኔሩ። እዚ ዓቢ ጸገም ምዃኑ ዘስተውዓለ ከይነዝ፣ ካልእ ነገር ካኣ ከሻቕሎ ጀመረ፣ ንሱ’ንታይ እዩ፣ ድሕሪ ቀዳማይ ውግእ ዓለም፣ ኣብ ኤሮጳ ብፍላይ ስራሕ ኣልቦነት ገኒኑ ኔሩ፣ እዚ ስራሕ ኣልቦነት እዚ ናይቲ ኣዝዩ ሃሳይ ዝኾነ ውግእ ሳዕቤን ክኸውን ይኽእል፣ ንምሳሌ ኣብ ዓባይ ብሪጣንያ 3 ሚልዮን ሰባት ስራሕ ኣልቦ ኔሮም፣ እቲ ንከይነዝ ክርድኦ ዘይካኣለ ግን ኤሜሪካ በቲ ውግእ ዘይተጎድአት ክነሳ፣ 15 ሚልዮን ዜጋታታ ስራሕ ኣልቦ ኾይኖም ኔሮም፣ ነዚ መሰረታዊ ሕቶ ንምምላስ እዩ’ኻኣ እታ ክሳዕ ሎሚ ውርይቲ ዝኾነት መጽሓፉ “The General Theory Of Employment, Interest And Money” ዝጻሓፈ።

    እቲ ክሳዕ ሽዑ ግዜ ብናይ ጥንታዊ ስነቁጠባ [Classical Economics] ኣታሓሳስባ ዝፍለጥ ዝነበረ፣ ጠንቂ ናይ ስራሕ-ኣልቦነት፣ ወይ ሰባት ብድልየቶም ስራሕ ይገድፉ፣ ወየካኣ ሰባት ደሞዝ ስለዝዋሓደ ክሰርሑ ኣይደልዩን፣ ከየነዝ ግን ሓድሽ ምኽንያት ናይ ስራሕ ኣልቦነት–እቲ ድማንድ [Demand] ናይ ስራሕ ስለ ዝጎደለ እዩ ዝብል ኣምር ሒዙ ቀረበ፣ ስለዚ ይብል ከየነዝ፣ መንግስቲ ኣብቲ ዕዳጋ ኢዱ የእትዩ ስራሕ ክፈጥር ኣለዎ ኢሉ። ሓደ ካብቶም ስራሕ ዝፈጥረሎም ሜላታት፣ ሓደሽቲ ጽርግያታት፣ ድልድለት፣ መገዲ ባቢር ዝኣመሰሉ ፕሮጀክትታት ምውጻእ፣ ዳሓር ሰባት ኣብቲ ስራሓት ምስተዋፈሩ፣ እቲ ዝረኽብዎ ደሞዝ ኣብ ዕዳጋ ስለዘውዕልዎ፣ እቲ ዝሒሉ ዝነበረ ቁጠባ ክንቃሳቀስ ይኽእል፣ መሊሱ”ኻኣ፣ እቲ ሰራሕተኛታት ዝኸፍልዎ ግብሪ፣ ነቲ እቲ መንግስቲ ሓድሽ ስራሕ ክፈጥር ኢሉ ዘሕተሞ ሓድሽ ገንዘብ ይኹን ካብ ሰብ ሃብቲ ዝተለቆሖ ገንዘብ መሸፈኒ ይኾኖ። ብፍላይ ብፍላይ እዚ ናይ ከይነዝ ሓድሽ ኣምር፣ ድሕሪ ካልኣይ ውግእ ዓለም ብናይ ኒው ዲል [New Deal] ዝፍለጥ ብናይ ኤሜሪካ ብረዚደንት ሩዝቨልት ዝወጸ ሓድሽ ናይ ማሕበራውን ቁጠባውን ሕጊ ማእከላይ ተራ ተጻወተ።

    ከይነዝ ድሕሪኡ፣ ነቲ ናይ ማእከላዊ ባንኪታት ንምፍታሕ ሓድሽ ቅዲ ከውጽእ ጀመረ፣ ንሱ’ኻኣ እንታይ’ዩ ቀዳማይ ነገር ሓደ ዓለም ለኻዊ ዝኾነ ባንኪ ክፍጠር፣ እቲ ዝፍጠር ባንኪ፣ ሀገራት ኣብ ናይ ቁጠባ ቅልውላው ክኣትዋ ከለዋ ከድሕን ዝኽእል መታን፣ እቲ ዓቢ ጸገማት ድሕሪ ቀዳማይ ውግእ ዓለም ዝተፈጥረ ከይድገምን። ነዚ ሓሳብ እዚ ኣብ ግብሪ ንምውዓል’ካኣ ምስ ሓደ ደክስተር ዋይት [Dexter White] ዝተባህለ ምክትል ናይ ቁጠባ ሚንስተር ዝነበረ ኤሜሪካዊ ኮይኑ ናይ ዓለም ባንኪ ክምስርት በቕዐ። እቲ ደክስተር ዋይት ዝተባህለ ኤሜሪካዊ ግን ንቡዙሕ ዓመታት ናይ ሩስያ ሰላሊ ኾይኑ ይሰርሕ ስለዝነበረ፣ ምስ ተታሕዘ ኣብ ንኡስ ዕድሚኡ ጋና ኣብ ፍርዲ ከይቀረበ ብናይ ልቢ ውቅዒት ምኽንያት ሞተ። ከይነዝ ግን ብህጻንነቱ ኣትሒዙ ብርኽሰት ናይ ልቢ [Rheumatoid Fever] ይሳቐን ብኣንቲባዮቲክስ ሙሉእ ዕድሚኡ ይካየድ ስለ ዝነበረ፣ ኣብ መጨረሽታ ኣብ 62 ዕድሚኡ ብልቢ ድኻም ሞተ።

    ብኣንጻሩ ናይ ፍረድሪክ ቮን ሃያክ ኣምር ክንርኢ ከለና ካልእ ኣታሓሳስባ ጥራሕ ዘይኮነ ዋላ ብጠባይ’ውን ካብ ከይንዝ ብዙሕ ፍሉይ ከምዝነበረ ኢና ንርኢ። ከይንዝ ከምዝራኣናዮ ናይ ተግባር [Practical] ሰብ እዩ ኔሩ። ሃያክ ግን ካብ ናይ ቁጠባ ክኢላ ምዃን ንላዕሊ ፈላስፋ እዩ ኔሩ። ንምሳሌ እታ ኣዝያ ኣብ ዓለም ዘፍለጠቶ መጽሓፍ “The Road To Serfdom” ትብል ብኣቃማምጣ ናይ ቃላት ይኹን ብትሕዝቶ’ውን ተኾነ ናይ ኣካዳምያዊ ትሕዝቶ የብላን።

    ትዝክሪ ተኾንኪ ይብላ ሓወቦይ ንብርጭቆ፣ ዝሓለፈ ግዜ ብዛዕባ ሾፐንሆውር ዝተባህለ ፈላስፋ ከነዕልል፣ ክንደይ’ለ ክዝክሮም ሽሞም እንድዩ በዚሑኒ በለቶ፣ ሾፐንሆውር ነታ መጽሓፉ “The World As Will And As An Idea” ዝጻሓፋ ድሕሪ ስዕረትን ምእሳርን ናይ ናፖልዮን፣ ድሕሪኡ ኣብ ምሉእ ኤሮጳ እነዳዞረ ተራኣየ፣ ብዙሓት ሰብት ጠምዮም፣ ካብ ቦቶኦም ተጓሳቚሎም ምስ ራኣየ፣ ካብ ተስፋ ምቑራጽ ተላዒሉ እዩ ነታ መጽሓፍ ጽሒፍዋ።

    ብተማሳሳሊ መልክዕ ካኣ፣ ካልኣይ ውግእ ዓለም እነዳተኻየደ እዚ’ኹሉ ሞትን ዕንወትን ናይ ዜጋታትን ናይ ከተማታትን ምስ ራኣየ እዩ ሃያክ ነታ ኣብ ላዕሊ ዝተጠቕሰት መጽሓፉ ዝጻሓፋ፣ ነገር ግን ንሃያክ ካብ ሾፐንሆወር ፍሉይ ዝገብሮ እንታይ እዩ ትንታኒኡ ተስፋምቑራጽ ዘንጻባርቕ ኣይነበረን።

    ሃያክ እንታይ ኢሉ እዩ ኣሚኑ፣ እዚ ኩሉ ዕንወት ዝመጸ፣ እቲ ንሕብረተሰብ ንናይ ማሕበራዊ መዳይ ይኹን ወይካኣ ንናይ ቁጠባውን ፖለቲካውን መዳይ ዝቋጻጸር ካብ ሓደ ማእከላዊ ስልጣን [Central Authority] ስለ ዝመጸ እዩ ይብል። ኣብቲ ኣብ መጀመረያ ዝራኣናዮ፣ እቲ ናይ ጥንታዊ ሊበራሊዝም [Classical Liberalism] ቀንዲ ኣምር ስለዝነጸግናዮ ማለት ወዲሰብ ነጻ ንኸይከውን መሰሉ ብመንግስቲ ስለተገፈፈ እዩ ይብል።

    ንምሳሌ ይብል ንሱ፣ ነብስወከፍና ነናትና ቤተሰብ አለውና ስለዚ የዐሪና ንፈልጦም ነቶም ቤተሰብና ኢና። ነገር ግን ነቶም ዘይፈልጡና ሰባት፣ ሓደ ማእከላዊ ስልጣን ከይኣዘዘና ብሰላም ንራዳዳእን ምስቶም ጓኖት እታ ዘራኸበትና ስራሕ ትኹን ወየካኣ ንግዲ ጌርና ንኸይድ፣ ብኻልእ ኣዛራርባ፣ ሓንቲ ክዳን ኣላ ንበላ ሕጂ እዛ ኽዳን ኣብ ተፋላለዩ ዓለም ዝነብሩ ሰባት እዮም ተሳቲፎምላ፣ ማለት ካብ እቶም ነቲ ጡጥ ዝዘርኡን ዝለቐሙን ጀሚርካ፣ እቶም ነቲ ክዳን መታን ክስፈ ምእንቲ መርፍእ ዝሰርሑ ሰባት ኣትሒዝካ፣ ስለዚ ነዛ ክዳን ዝፈጠሩ ሰባት ፍጹም ኣይፋለጡን እዮም ግን ሓደ ብማእከላዊ ስልጣን ዘይቅየድ [Spontaneous] ዝኾነ ናይ ሓባር ሕጊ ኣራኺብዎም። ስለዚ ይብል ሃያክ እቲ ጸገም ዝመጽእ መንግስቲ ኢዱ ከእቱ ኸሎ ጥራሕ እዩ ይብል።

    እቲ ቀንዲ ነገር ምስ ከይንዝ ዝፈልዮም ግን ብዛዕባ ስራሕ ኣልቦነትን ሓረጣን [Interest Rate] ዝነበሮም ኣራኣእያ እዩ፣ ከምቲ ኣቐዲምና ዝራኣናዮ፣ ከይነዝ ድማንድ [Demand] ናይ ስራሕ ምፍጣር ክጎድል ከሎ እዩ ዝብል፣ ሃያክ ግን እቶም ስራሕ ፈጠርትን ሰብ ሃብትን ብዛዕባ እቲ ቁጠባ ጌጋ ሓበሬታ ክረኽቡ ከለው እዮም ይብል። እንታይ ዓይነት ጌጋ ሓበሬታ ኢላ ብርጭቆ ንሓወቦይ ትሓቶ፣ እቲ ሓበሬታ ሓረጣ [Interest Rate] እዩ ይብላ።

    ሓረጣ መዐቀኒ ብዛዕባ ናይ ግዜ ዘለና ምርጫን ውሳኔን እዪ፣ [Time Preference] ተባሂሉ ይፍለጥ፣ እዚ እንታይ ማለት እዩ፣ ሕጂ ንበሎ ሓደ ሰብ ማኪና ክዕድግ ይደሊ ነገር ግን ካብ ሕጂ ማኪና ደስ ኢላቶ’ኸላ ዝዕድግ፣ ተጸሚመ ጸኒሐ ዳሕራይ ማዓልቲ ንወደይ ትምህርቲ መምሃሪ ይኹነኒ ኢሉ እቲ ገንዘቡ ኣብ ባንኪ የቐምጦ ንበል፣ ሕጂ ኩሉ ሰብ እንድሕር ከምኡ ጌሩ፣ ኩሉ እቲ ገንዘብ ኣብ ባንኪ ኣሎ ማለት እዩ፣ ስለዚ ዝዘውር ገንዘብ ስለዘየለ ገንዘብ ክኸብር ይጅምር፣ እቶም ባንክ እቲ ገንዘብ ብውሑድ ሓረጣ ንነጋዶ እቲ ገንዘብ ከለቅሕዎም ይጅምሩ፣ እቶም ነጋዶ ዓበይቲ ፕሮጀክትታት በቲ ገንዘብ ጌሮም ይጅምሩ ብኡቢሎም ስራሕ ይፈጥሩ።

    ብኣንጻሩ እቲ ህዝቢ ክንዲ ገንዘብ ዝዓቁር ደስ ዝበሎ ይዓድግ ንበል፣ ስለዚ ብዙሕ ገንዘብ ይዘውር ስለዘሎ ገንዘብ ሓሲሩ’ሎ ማለት እዩ፣ ስለዚ እቶም ሰብ ሃብቲ ብዛዕባ እቲ ቁጠባ ሓበሬታ ስለዝረኸቡ፣ ገንዘብ ኣይልቁሑን ምኽንያቱ እቶም ባንኪ ብዝላዓለ ሓረጠ ስለዘለቅሑ።

    ናብታ ናይ መጀመርታ ተመሊስና ተሪኢና፣ እቶም ህዝቢ ካብ ገንዘብ ዘጥፍኡ፣ ኣብ ባንካ ምእካብ መሪጾም ንበል፣ ግን እቲ መንግስቲ ሐድሽ ገንዘብ የሕቲሙ ናብ’ቲ ዕዳጋ ፈኒይዎ ንበል፣ ብእኡ ምኽንያት ክንዲ ገንዘብ ዝኸብር እቶም ሰባት ገንዘቦም ስለዘቐመጡ፣ ብሰንኪ መንግስቲ እቲ ገንዘብ ይሓስር፣ ሽዑዑ እቶም ሰብ ሃብቲ ጌጋ ሓበሬታ ብዛዕባ እቲ ቑጠባ ስለዝረኸቡ፣ ገንዘብ ከይተለቅሑ ይተርፉ። በዚ ምኽንያት እዚ እዩ’ኻኡ ሃያክ እቲ ቐንዲ ወሳኒ ሓበሬታ ብዛዕባ ሓረጣ እዩ ዝበለ።

    ሃያክ ክሳዕ ዕለተ [ዕድመ ጸጊቡ ኣብ 93 ዕድሚኡ ሞይቱ] ሞቱ ናይ መንግስቲ ኣብ ዕዳጋ ምእታው ተቓዊሙ፣ እቶም ድሕሪኡ ዝመጹ ብፍላይ ሚልተን ፍሬድማን [Milton Friedman] እቲ ቀነዲ መጽናዕቱን ምርምሩን ገንዘብ ብጹንኩር ክሕሎ [Regulate] ከምዘለዎ ብሞኒተሪ ፖልሲ [Monetary Policy] ከምዝፍለጥ፣ ክሳዕ ዕለተ ሞቱ ተማጎተ። ኣብ ሞንጎ ናይ ክልቲኦም ቲፎዞ ዘሎ ሞገት ይቕጽል።

    • Abrehet Yosief

      Selam forumers
      ኣብዚ ምጽሓፍ ኩልኩል እዩ። lets give moderator to move this to its own page. That will give a better chance for others to see it and a dedicated space for discussion. Who seconds me?

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Abrehet,

        I second your suggestion. Actually, my understanding was, when Saleh asked him to contribute for the tigrigna front page of Awate.com, then my expectation was Dr Paulos will submit his writings to the publisher of Awate.com like many other writers do.

    • Amanuel

      Hi Paulos
      I am confused. Where is your comment now?

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Mekusi,

        More than the whereabouts of the comment, I was intrigued when the Awate staff is commenting under “Paulos” and thanking him. It took me few minutes to figure it out.

      • Paulos

        Selam Aman,

        It is on Jebena section.

        • Amanuel

          Thanks

  • Brhan

    Hello Awate,
    A timely news. This news coincided with Al-Jazeera.net investigative program broadcasted today March 19, 2019. The name of the program is “The War of Ports” In the program you will find how the UAE and some politicians from Somali Land have done business and you will be amazed that what you see is like those mafia bosses doing business. The governments of Somalia and Djibouti have been bullied by UAE and their only wrongdoing, according to the UAE has been their neutrality on the ongoing UAE & SAUDI ARABIA VS QATAR crisis. Unlike the dictator in Eritrea, the two governments chose to take wise decision based on openness that has been demonstrated by their respective parliaments. The Somali as well as the Djiboutians have made it clear to their people and to the international community their argument of their port with the UAE.
    Now let us see Eritrea and I won’t say there is no parliament in Eritrea and there is no openness with regard to the Eritrean government. It is an old story that you know and will make you bored if I will.
    But “War of ports” again confirmed that:
    1) Eritrea has rented Assab for UAE for 30 years. The price? According to VOA it is $500 Million US dollars and this is a big money.
    2) UAE when signing the contract with the regime in Eritrea it said it that the contract is for the development of the port of Assab.
    a. But UAE has changed the port to a war zone, where it can fly its warplanes to the war in the Yemen
    b. Not only that, it also built underground to a prison for Yemeni dissidents. So in Eritrea the regime has become famous in producing underground prisons for local and international market.
    c. Last but not least with Assab under its control, the UAE has been able to control the ports of Yemen.
    3) But UAE won’t continue with its bulling and corrupting. The Somali are now patient and waiting the Saudi’s advice their little brother in UAE if not , they will end the bulling

    • Kaddis

      Thanks Brhan for signaling the AlJazeera film. I will look for it

  • cool

    it seems as if the good doctor is losing orientation,, he shoüld ffirst rescüe the ship which is sinking before handling international issües

  • Hameed Al-Arabi

    Ahlan Awates,

    Dr. Abie Ahmed visit to Qatar, Eritrea to Hargesa and Djibouti to Mogadishu show the beginning of the end of Meddamer Project. It displays all integration groups have begun to create new allies. I think, this fast move of all at the same time predict the situation is very critical among them.

    Al-Arabi