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A Call to The Moderates of The Horn Of Africa 

[Editor’s note: This editorial was first published on Oct 22, 2003, we thought it might help readers to remember and reflect on how the last 15 affected the lives of Eritreans and their country.] 

There is an old Eritreans saying: when the leg is hurt, the eye weeps. A similar proverb exists in Ethiopia.  What is true for individuals is true for neighboring nations.  When Somalia is hurting, our region is crying. When Sudan catches a cold, Ethiopia gets a fever. When Djibouti is stabbed, Eritrea bleeds. When Yemen is choked, the Red Sea dries up. Sometimes we take turns, sometimes we do it simultaneously: our region has been crying and bleeding for too long.   Our governments have failed us.  This is our call, ordinary Eritreans, to like-minded citizens of the horn in general and Ethiopians, specifically, to come together with us to help improve the situation in our region.

And what exactly is the “situation in our region”?   In Somalia, we have chaos and social strife; in Sudan, we have seen a civil war rage for four decades; in Ethiopia, we have yet to see a peaceful transition of power; and in Eritrea, we have a “transitional government” that has been in power for 12 years and gives every indication that it wants to rule forever.   Since the 1960s, at least two (and as many as four) of these nations have been in one kind of war or another. Though our common psyche is built around irrelevant feel-good myths (pride in being born-fighters with a heritage of a civilization thousands of years old, etc.) we are among the most underdeveloped regions of the world. We seem to despise life; our favorite pastime is killing each other. Our region has become a perfect example of failure. Rarely is it mentioned apart from headline news related to famine, drought, wars and now HIV disease.  We have become boastful people with nothing to show for our boasting. We have become a nuisance to the world community that we think is responsible to fix anything we break. We have become professional beggar-nations: beggars who do not know gratitude. Thankless beggars who dream and plan on how to waste the resources of charities. We have become nations whose youth are hopeless and hapless and could only dream on fleeing their countries. We are suffering from a high rise in child prostitution.  In short, our mirror reflects a very bad image. We have to come to terms with this reality.

On virtually every social misery index—disease, malnutrition, mortality, poverty, illiteracy—we continue to record, year after year, depressing ranks.  And, year after year, the governments that preside over this misery refuse to take responsibility and place the blame on everybody else but themselves. They blame the weather, they blame history, they blame the neighboring government, they blame the white man.  But they never take responsibility for their failure.  On the rare occasions when they take responsibility for their actions, there is no corresponding accountability: a minister is shuffled, another one arrested, but the head of the government remains untouched—until he is overthrown by another strongman.  And the cycle is repeated.

Purpose: To Create A New Reality 

Our citizen-to-citizen initiative is not meant to contradict or support the government-to-government relationship between these nations.  Why?  Because for years, these governments have made it abundantly clear that they care not a whit about what their citizens have to say.   They have told the people that they are irrelevant.  They have rejected their people’s cries for peace; they have rejected their people’s appeal to be heard and to be respected; they have turned a deaf ear to their citizens’ demands to exercise their freedom.  The governments have made it abundantly clear that their only purpose is to retain power at all costs.  The only time they change course is not when they are swayed by public opinion but when they face a power even stronger than them.  Even then, they change course only if they perceive that they will lose power if they don’t—and not because they believe it is in the national interest to change.  And if they move in the right direction, it is often because a more powerful force—the American government for example—gives them a credible threat that if they don’t, they risk losing power.  The governments have repeatedly redefined a citizen to mean someone who agrees with them.  A full citizen is someone who agrees with them fully (or chooses to remain silent when he doesn’t agree); a half-citizen is someone who agrees with them half-the-time; a non-citizen is someone who disagrees with them all the time.

With respect to the current dispute about the border dispute, it is following a path we feared and expressed a scenario for in our last editorial (Pencil October 5, 03): Eritrea is saying the deal is “final and binding” and will have no dialogue; and the Ethiopian government is saying the deal is “null and void” and wants dialogue.  Once again, neither government will do anything to gauge what the public opinion is; they will pursue a path that they consider will elongate their power and will not change it, unless an even stronger force compels them to do so.  Both governments understand this which is why their appeal is always directed to the strong powers.  If no credible threat of force is forthcoming, both governments will be content to live with the status quo—even it this means considerable pain and suffering to the people—for years and even decades as long as this advances their sole interest: to stay in power.  It is inconceivable that either government would give up power even if it was certain that doing so would be in the long-term interest of the nation.

This is our reality and it will not be changed by petitions and counter-petitions; by pronouncements and resolutions.   What we need to do is to create a new reality.  We know the formula for failure; what we want to do is to take baby steps–a citizen-to-citizen initiative—which will, at the very least, add an unknown variable to the formula.  We are taking a jump; we are hoping our brothers in Ethiopia will provide the net.

A Modest Proposal

We are hereby offering this forum, awate.com, to serve our region in that respect. What we have in mind is an effort to mobilize the voices of freedom and democracy for the sole purpose of alleviating the miserable conditions in our region, as well as to promote prosperous and dignified living conditions for our people. This is a dream worth living for; it is a noble cause worth the risk. What we envision is a simple proposal, with humble beginnings but a great potential: our premise is that there is absolutely no reason why forums for information exchange should be monologues; we need to expose one another to each other’s dreams, hopes, fears, and concerns. The dialogue we have in mind can begin with sharing ideas in the form of articles, debates and researches.   This will inevitably lead us to organizing workshops and seminars, developing joint declarations and, ultimately, an action plan and task forces to execute our vision.   We invite the moderate citizens of the whole region of the Horn of Africa to help us build an initial bridge that can be an example for the rest of the region. In this effort, we will break taboos, shun hypocrisy and promote civility. We will expose ourselves, from the perspective of outsiders, as naked as they see us, and we will refrain from self-centered, egoist and narcissist appraisal of ourselves.

Our Fears, Our Hopes

Even during the era of the liberation struggle while fighting Ethiopian armies, Eritreans never hated Ethiopians. Our struggle was focused and concentrated on the unjust Ethiopian regimes. We never promoted anti-people propaganda and we never instilled the psychology of mass-hate against any people. It is an irony that, after liberation, the PFDJ introduced the politics of hate: we now hate Amhara, Tigray, Sudan, Eskimos etc.  It is during the last ten years that Sudan-bashing, Ethiopia-bashing and Tigray-bashing was introduced in our political culture. We are certain this hate will be eradicated once the tree that is carrying it, the PFDJ tree, is uprooted.

Though the PFDJ official hate-meter doesn’t allow people to express it, Eritreans have a special affection for many things Ethiopian: the lush landscape; the beautiful and rich water resources; the dignified manners and social etiquette; the cuisine; the romantic songs; the dance.   We were proud of Abebe Bekila; we are proud of Haile Gebreselasse, Derartu Tulu, Fatuma Roba.  As Africans, only the most narrow-minded and the history revisionists amongst us don’t take pride in Ethiopia’s resistance of colonizing forces. We take pride in Adwa. We take pride in a people who refused to be subjugated and stayed free for thousands of years.

But there are many things we don’t like about some Ethiopians.

We do not like your obsession of talking about Eritrea as if it were a piece of real estate without people who decide their own fate.   We are insulted by your belittling of the struggle that we as a people waged.   We are stunned by your inability to understand our right to self-determination and your revision of our yearning to be an independent country.  We are apprehensive of Ethiopians when they equate Eritrea to (and define it by) the extremists among us. We are saddened when we see supposedly enlightened intellectuals preaching hate and violence. We hate the Ethiopian obsession with an outlet to the sea even if it means throwing the region into yet another endless war and pushing it to the abyss.   We do not understand why Ethiopians, who have a strong need to be united and fear fragmentation, cannot understand that we Eritreans see ourselves as one unit with a diverse population.

We are apprehensive that they don’t recognize that the Eritrean struggle, among other reasons, was a result of a betrayal by Ethiopia. It is a result of Ethiopia always wanting to protect its interest by sowing seeds of discord among Eritrean social forces. Its relentless efforts to ally and pacify itself to one Eritrean segment while isolating and ostracizing the other.  This is a tactic perfected by Haile Sellasie and currently being pursued by the EPRDF. It is our deep scars when successive Ethiopian governments dehumanized us.   We do not understand how Ethiopians who have vivid memories of the injustices and atrocities of Fascist Italians cannot understand the Eritrean pain suffered in the hands of Ethiopian forces in in Ad Ibrahim, Ona, Besekdira, Hergigo, Massawa, Weki Debba, etc.  We do not understand how Ethiopians, who jealously guard their sovereignty, cannot appreciate that we Eritreans, like them, have a need to jealously guard the sovereignty of such a young nation, for which we gave so much to achieve.  We, a small nation, fear a big country, Ethiopia, but not another big country, Sudan, because only Ethiopia seems to have territorial ambitions towards us.   

Moderating Influences

Are the views expressed by our governments the views of the common Eritrean and Ethiopian?  The tools used to measure that—public opinion polls, free and fair elections—are not available to us and thus, we cannot be sure.    From anecdotes, what we know is that Ethiopians have strongly held views about Eritrea’s 1993 referendum, about the Port of Assab, about the dual-citizenship and other “privileges” Eritreans enjoyed in Ethiopia post-1993; about Badme; about currency exchanges, about the 98-00 war and, now, about the decision of the border commission.   Eritreans have strongly held views about Eritrea’s 1993 referendum, about their sovereignty which includes all of Eritrea’s territories; about deportations; about reparations for the 30 year war; about the 98-00 war; about the Ethiopian opposition’s declarations and, now, Ethiopia’s decision to nullify the Boundary Commission.

Whether the governments are perfectly in sync with the sentiments of the people or not, does not matter because, in the end, being illegitimate governments, they will only pursue policies not on the basis of public opinion (which is coincidental at best) but on the basis on what will elongate their grip on power.  If that means pursuing highly polarized and extremist views, they will do so.  And, when they do, they will utilize their monopoly on the media and their skillful ability to stroke people’s fears, to pursue their goals.

What Eritrea and Ethiopia (and for the matter, the entire Horn) need is a moderating influence and agents of change.  As ordinary citizens, we can formulate solutions to the problems that bedevil our countries, through dialogue and in an environment of mutual respect, without being encumbered with the game of politics—which is all about getting power and keeping power.   We can discuss the thorny issues and present our people not just another list of problems, but actual solutions to their problems.

Future Eritrea & Future Ethiopia: Eritrea’s armed struggle to liberate Eritrea became synonymous with a struggle to secede from Ethiopia.  In point of fact, the struggle was to return power to the people so they can exercise their right to self-determination.  It so happened that we determined to secede.  We did so, through a free and fair election in a referendum, in 1993. As long as we all recognize that the people of the two nations are the sovereign powers and ultimate power rests with them, it is entirely possible that the Eritrean people can enter into all sorts of long-term relationship arrangements with their Ethiopian brothers and sisters. Our goal should not be to wage a propaganda or actual war to guarantee the precise location of a border marker; our goal should be to design a political and economic system that renders the border marker, just like European borders, economically irrelevant.  The goal should not be an obsession with Asab; our goal should be on how to transform Asab to a prospering port where the national flag will be secondary to the insignias and logos of the merchants.  Our goal should be to exchange ideas on how to maximize our two nations’ economies of scale; how to develop our garment industry, our fisheries, our salt mines, our hydroelectric power, our art and culture.

We will have opposition.  There are Eritreans and Ethiopians whose self-worth is elevated only when they are able to mock and ridicule the other.  There are Eritreans who look at the miserable status of our country and then console themselves by comparing themselves with Ethiopia’s marginally worse stats.  And vice versa.  There are Eritreans with so much damaged self-esteem that they only feel better after watching Eritrean war documentaries and counting dead bodies and mangled steel.  There are Ethiopians who believe that Ethiopia was great when it was ruled by warriors and that to regain its greatness, it must adopt the warrior cult hood.   We must treat these people as aberrations, and not the norm.  They are as representative of the general populace as a mental patient would be.

Right now, on both sides, the loudest voices are the citizen’s equivalent of a mental patient: they are loud, they are incoherent, they are foul and they are prone to violence.  The voices of moderation need to reclaim back our land and bring relief to our people.   We need partners who would work for peace; we know you are out there…will you join us?

About Awate Team

The PENCIL is awate.com's editorial and it reflects the combined opinions of the Awate Team and not the individual opinion of team members.

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  • Ethiopian_one

    People to People initiative is a noble idea. I support it fully. It need not be political, we can have a powerful social economic development initiatives in support of our children’s education and elderly care etc…we can help everyone from both sides to trade and to exchange information with mutual respect for each other. We can establish youth cultural ambassadors and many more ideas that are people to people and grass root initiatives.

  • Selam Girmay,

    If ethiopians were made foreigners within their own country and they cannot travel freely and safely and settle wherever they like, it is the result of tplf divide and rule constitution, that undermined the concept that ethiopia belongs to all ethiopians, and divided the country into narrow ethnic ownerships, with the result that other ethnic groups are considered illegal settlers, and they are evicted and killed, with 3 million internally displaced citizens to day. It started with the amara ethnic group, and tplf said/did nothing. Unfortunately, it is that old story, i did not defend them when others needed my help, and now when i need their help, no one came in my defense, although ethiopians as a whole are not that sort of people. Despite the consequences of tplf shortsightedness and narrow ethnic politics, there will come a day when every corner of ethiopia will belong equally to all its citizens.

    You are comparing the pope and archbishop of corruption and crime (tplf), that used all the government institutions (the bureaucracy, army, security, etc) to lord over the people, with those lost souls from other ethnic groups who ate from the leftover. Yes, they were the accomplices, but not the main culprits, because they did not have the monopoly of power as tplf. They were the trojan horses for tplf.

    Respect is mutual, and it is not the monopoly of one single person or group, and better forget about it. You get what i believe you deserve, and the same holds true for me as well. Nothing is lost or gained by having it or losing it. Deep down everybody knows the real him/herself despite the biases.

    Yes, ethnic groups were not invented by tplf, but they were never exploited by anyone as much as by tplf. What do we have today. Young ethiopians who do not know one common language to communicate with the rest, wherever they may find themselves. Traveling within ethiopia has become equivalent to travelling to a foreign country. This affects mainly the young who have been manipulated not to learn the common language. This is the travesty of the politics of language. Nobody said ethiopians should not learn their ethnic languages, but in order to be part of a bigger nation called ethiopia, there should be the drive to learn the official language as well, that glues together the different ethnic groups so that they feel and behave as a nation, and benefit by it.

    Forgive yes, but not forget is what tplf and its supporters should ask from the ethiopian people, and they should present themselves as part of the new endeavor to make the first step towards stability, democracy, and the rule of law, without the state of emergency, the infamous anti-terrorism law (which is plugged out for the time being, surely to be erased soon when stability comes to the land), prisons full to the brim, etc). This is what ethiopia is trying to do, and some people are opposed to it, because it blocks the way to absolute power.

    The name of a political party is loaded with its program. If a party calls itself a ‘kangaroo LF, it will have to do with kangaroos and not human beings. The point is that tplf is still a liberation front, and that says a lot. A change of name is equivalent to a change of policy, at least for those who want to be true to society.

  • ‘Gheteb

    A Consortium Of Anti-PFDism: A Political Witches’ Brew In The Horn Of Africa

    Greetings!!

    The regnant political reality in the Horn of Africa is such that a solid coalition has been formed comprised of many countries and anchored on the core leadership of KSA and UAE with members from the Horn of Africa countries. Besides political co-operations, economic integrations it envisions security arrangements in the Red Sea region. Eritrea being a vital partner in this coalition and also being the center of gravity of the Horn region, is expected to play a pivotal role in the strengthening of the evolving alliance of the Gulf countries and Africa’s Horn region countries.

    Well, Eritrea has literally broken the diplomatic isolation that was engineered by the detestable TPLF and imposed on it for the past two decades and now has virtually normalized its relations with all its neighbors. Such being the most conspicuous peace dividend of the Ethio-Eritrean rapprochement, more is yet to come in the form of economic revitalization and other social and political developments in the not too distant future.

    However, this doesn’t mean that there are no other forces who are hellbent in their opposition to the reigning political realty in the Horn region. A smorgasbord of political forces are aligned in opposition to the coalition of the Horn of African countries and Gulf states. They range from your run of the mill anti-PFDJ Eritreans and some rebarbative political gadflies to irredentist TPLFites and revanchist elements from the chauvinist Amhara varieties.

    The call is NOT for “moderates” of the Horn of Africa; nor it is for the “liberals” of the Horn region. It is not even a call to the reformists of the region. It is clarion call, however, to all that oppose the PFDJ and to Eritrea under the leadership of the PFDJ. The most common and recurring factor within this disparate group is their opposition to PFDJ and to Eritrea under the helm of the PFDJ. Simply put, it is this anti-PFDJism that glues them together in this alliance.

    At the center of this anti-PFDJ alliance is the TPLF with its center of peace institute somewhere in Mekele university and followed closely by the anti-PFDJ Eritrean fellow travelers of the Weyanes. They have found also commonalities with certain Amhara chauvinists who have never stopped daydreaming about re-annexing Eritrea to Ethiopia. The veiled pronouncements of anti-Arabism by the anti-PFDJ elements has become music to the ears of the members of the Agazian movement and they are more than likely to jump on the bandwagon of anti-PFDJism.

    So, here are the members of the new alliance of anti-PFDJism in the Horn region:

    1) The TPLF
    2) The anti-PFDJ Eritreans
    3) The chauvinist Amharas
    4) The members of the Agazian movements

    This anti-PFDJ alliance may find some sort of support from the likes of Amnesty International (AI), UN Human Rights Groups and agencies that will go all the distance to see Eritrea fail and fail abysmally.

    If this alliance’s political outlook vis-à-vis Eritrea and the reigning political reality is not a witches’ brew, I don’t know what else would constitute as a diabolical political concoction in the Horn region.

    • Amanuel

      Hi ‘Gheteb
      Why are you complaining? It is natural to have opposition to any agreements, specially if they are secretive and doggy like these you are bragging about. What is missing from your king is proper accountability to reassure the public.
      You mentioned GoE and PFDJ. These two institions event don’t exist in name. PFDJ have’t had a congress for more than 24 years. It was supposed to have one every four years. It is not any more a front. It is a limited company existes to pay dividend to his only shared holder IA.

    • Reclaim Abyssinia

      Hi to all,
      I think if I’m not mistaken, I can say the historical relationship among Ethiopia and Eritrea was very toxic, and now with a little bit of hope instigated, Eritrea future seems fully reliance on the current theme.

      Both Eritrea and Ethiopia lost so much in the past 50+ years with (አንድነት, መደመር, federation), & it will be impossible to make up for the time lost both in human cost and finance.
      Dear Gheteb,
      How could you be certain and +ve about the future relationship among the two nations, including the addition of the KSA &UAE,?

      Will it be any preventative measure in place so the historical catastrophic event doesn’t happen again.

      Can this be described as “Gaslighting on a national level?”

      Cheers,
      RA

    • Hameed Al-Arabi

      Salam Gheteb,

      Today as well, you have confirmed your superficiality; besides it gives a clue that your boss has stopped upgrading his old tools; certainly, brand new tools are more better than utilized ones. I guess it became very hard for you to perceive that your god whom you worship has fired you from his company, Isaias Company Ltd. Sure, you need time to realize he has thrown you in dustbin.

      My friend, the list of enemies you alluded to in your comment is an old list. They are enemies of the Eritrean mafia. The list does not include many opposition groups in the region and beyond. As they say the enemies of your friends are your enemies. You have added new enemies and you are ready to fight these new fronts through an integrated efforts with the new found coalition. Do accumulation of new enemies and opening new fronts lead to euphoria? I think this is clear insanity and cluelessness that doesn’t have any other interpretation.

      You have comprised in your comment International Human Rights Organizations to show that you have the ability to predict what the future holds about them. However, the issue is clear as far as there are criminals at large abusing humanity in general and children in particular the human rights organizations will never cease condemning and exposing them to the international community. This is an understood reality that doesn’t require any witches’ brew.

      Our friend, Gheteb, thinks opening new fronts and gathering new enemies around him is a success and new page of peace. He is happy with the new solid coalition that will give him warmness instead of the chilliness he experienced in the past two decades. Still doesn’t come in his mind that he will face new enemies and he is exposed more to the region and the world. Of course, this new reality will open new doors to the Eritrean opposition and people more than any time before. Solid coalition is not confined to you only, the others too can form solid coalition. The dictum, “ደርሆ ገመድ እንተዋሕካላ ዘፈትሓካያ ይመስላ” is applicable to Gheteb. The word peace sent him to euphoria. He thinks his master only who can prepare delicious concoction in the Horn region. Isaias is in a honeymoon, he doesn’t care about Gheteb and Qetebteb.

      Al-Arabi

  • Blink

    Dear Horizon
    Remember for TPLF guys everything that happened outside their order is not right. They have been carrying the entitlement that TPLF has to be always on the top deciding for the majority of Ethiopians . They have set their mind in a very bad way that even made the ordinary Tigrians guilty by association. I don’t believe the Ordinary Amhara and Oromo people wake up and think Tigrians as enemies, it was weyane who made that horrible mistake .

    Who is terrorist ? In the eyes of Girmay anyone who didn’t accept his weyane view is a terrorist and Dergi killer , he completely wanted people to forget the weyane prison guards who chopped youth legs , he wanted us to believe weyane was all roses for everyone. You will not make him see the Ordinary Ethiopian struggle for air in his weyane 27 years of killings . You can just see how the TPLF people think . How do you see a Tigrian to put Meles picture and drive through Eritrean streets without a bad look from the goers ? Imagine arguing with your abuser about Iove . The notion Dergi and Terrorist thing coming from Weyane guys is not surprising but I hope and wish the poor Tigrians get their fair chance to tell their daily life just as the Oromo’s and Amhara did .

    Insulting a guy who freeed 10ns of thousands poor farmers children , releasing people from death row , I mean what else do these people wanted Abiy to do ?

    • Selam Blink,

      It is that famous phrase, ‘you can forget everything except how they made you feel’. The things said by mz/tplf soon after they set foot at arat kilo palace, their arrogance and disdain towards ethiopians and their ignorance of ethiopia and ethiopians remained in the psych of all ethiopians.

      When asked about democracy and sharing power, we all remember what mz said, ‘the name of the game is called winner-takes-all, and if you want power go to the bushes as we did and come and take from us, as if this day will never come, you have to choose between my way and the highway, if not my way ethiopia is not meant to be, etc’. On top of these, tplf cadres were saying ኢትዮፕያ በኣፍንጫዋ ብትደፋ ግድ የለንም፣.

      Worse is the fact that they never regreted or apologized for what they said and did, and they remained true to their belief up to now. That is why i say, the old and the corrupt tplf should be replaced by the young, the new and the trustworthy, and the name of the party changed, so that somehow people start to forget the toxic past.

      It is interesting to know that it has the same opinion about power and money with its siamese brother, the pfdj, that ‘power and money belong to those who dare, and the main aim of the liberation struggle was not to free the people and empower them, but to own the country and enslave the people ’.

  • Blink

    Dear Readers
    These sentences catch my eyes “When Somalia is hurting, our region is crying. When Sudan catches a cold, Ethiopia gets a fever. When Djibouti is stabbed, Eritrea bleeds. When Yemen is choked, the Red Sea dries up”

    What ? Since when a dying Somalian or Yemenis becomes our problem? I mean when Somalia was invaded by TPLF for dollars many of this forum were dancing by the victorious weyane army , when the Yemenis are dying very few of you even care to notice and when hundreds of Eritreans lost their life on their way to the west 99% of you used their dead body to advance your vision ( guess what 99 of these dead bodies were from highlanders) too . When TPLF was killing the Oromo’s, Amharas the known people of this forum were calling them Neftenga, terrorists and many horrible names . Now everything is way away from weyane a perceived helper who paid air ticket to Ethiopia and assembled horrible talkative people in Awasa and dividing Eritreans across ethnic lines , yet no one objected , these current abusers to Abiy were silent .

    What good do you have ? What exactly can you do except voice the weyane burning hand or be sympathetic to Sibhat Nega and the korean dancer ? None . Sit tight because you can do nothing.

    • Ethiopian_one

      Why are you so pessimistic? There is greater power in doing good than not. You are correct so much agony has happened in the past, but we must live and we must carry on with good intentions. This is a test of character we are faced with as much as it is of hunger, migration, and poverty.

  • Reclaim Abyssinia

    Dear all,
    Gaslighting at a societal level (መደመር)

    Eritrea has been colonized, since the 16th century. The Turkish, the Italian colony, then follow by Eritrea being annexed to Ethiopia.

    Today, I was chewing chat(kat) with few of my friends and tried to initiate a debate over “what would have been the life of Eritrean & Ethiopian being without Eritrea federation or if federation was not broken?”
    What if the UN did there job properly and address the issue at its early stage for the sake of both Eritrea and Ethiopia people? How much life and money did it cost for Ethiopia to try to maintain unity with Eritrea? The answer to this one is very easy. The consequence of Ethiopia/Eritrea conflict made us the poorest country in the world.

    Ever since federation with Ethiopia, the equivalent in character or similar to a domestic violence (wife basher) It was bitter, violence and abusive complex relationship, for many years.
    All in all, it lasted around 50 to 70 years.

    What I am contemplating to say is, what if Eritrea & Ethiopia are forced to go back to an abusive relationship that lasted more than half a century; Is it really worthwhile for Ethiopia to take the gamble(risk) on attempting to go back to this historically catastrophic and abusive relationship? Are they both a victim of Gaslighting?

    Cheers,
    RA

  • Mitiku Melesse

    Hei All.
    Some 4 or 5 years ago i red one fabulous article here. I dont remember the guy who wrote but he said what if Eritrean create their own God like USA or to that general direction if my memory dont fail me. That kind of God who a US president praised after he asked the Americans if it is ok to bomb Iraq because Sadam poses mass distraction bomb. And devastate Irak to nothing and finish the job by saying ‘God bless america’.

    Why i mentioned that now`? To tell you that Tigrians/tplf made that God which is called Revolutionary Democracy for Tigray. They even invited their family in Eritrea in the beginning of the 90s. It seamed it worked upto 1995. I dont know what happened in 1995. Either the Eritrean tigray people demanded all Eritreans must be included, not interested or i dont know. But the Tigrians dont want to share their God with other ethnic groups. After 1998 even Eritrean tigrians are categorized like the rest of other ethnic groups. You dont respect Tigray Revolutionar Democracy then you are an enemy. The rest is history.

  • Kbrom

    Hi all,

    Let’s assume we are told ክቡር ፕረዚደንት ኢሳያስ ምስ ማዕከናት ዜና ኤርትራ ሰፊሕ ቃለመሕትት ከካይድ ሙኻኑ ንሕብር and the first question would be

    ክቡር ፕረዚደንት ኣብዞም ዝሓለፉ ኣዋርሕ ኣብ ዓለምናን ዞባናን ቅልጡፋት ለውጥታት ኪኽሰቱ ጸኒሖም ኣለዉ፡ ብዛዕቢ ኣብ ዞባና ብፍላይ ድማ ኣብ መንጎ ኢትዮጲያን ኤርትራን ተከሲቱ ዘሎ ምዕባለታት መብርሂ ምሃብካናዶ?

    Can you please guess and write a PIA’s would be reply?

    Hints!

    ምውዳእ ዝሑል ኩናት
    ምብቃዕ ንግሎባዊ ስትራተጂ ዓበይቲ ሓይልታት ከገልግል ዝተሓርየ ኣጀንዳ
    ነቲ መንኮርኮር ደጊምና ንፈጥሮ ኣይኮናን ዘሎና (we are not reinventing the wheel)
    ዞባና ዝተፈልየ ሓድሽ መዋእል ይኣቱ
    ዞባዊ ሽርክነት
    ሓድሽ ነገር የብሉን
    ዝተኾልፉ ዕድላት
    ሴነርጂ (PAI’s version of ምድማር)
    ርጉእን ጎዶቦ
    ኣብ መጀመርታ ተስዓታት ዝነበረ ሓሳብ
    ዞባውያን ስትራተጂያውያን መስመራት ንምሕዳስን ምስፋሕን
    ኢጋድ
    ጸጥታ ቀይሕ ባሕሪ

    መጠንቀቅታ: ኪኣትዉ ዘይብሎም ቃላትን ሓረጋትን

    መሓመድ ቢን ሳልማን
    መሓመድ ቢን ዛይድ
    ደርሃም
    ዶላር
    ተቓወምቲ ውድባት ኤርትራ
    ወተሃደራዊ መዓስከራት ኣብ ዓሰብ
    የመን ሑቲ
    ኣብረሃም ኢሳያስ

  • Girmay

    Hello all, in my opinion Ethiopian politics is the politics of undermining each other. Honest questions and discussion are not encouraged.
    I see some Ethiopians on this discussion forum fiercely defending medmer, without reconciliation process.
    I see some Ethiopians blaming all of Ethiopias problem on Tplf/Eprdf/Eplf, and others?
    Modern Ethiopia has been around for thousands of years, and Tplf has only been around for 27 years? .
    Mr. Horizon, are you trying to undermine our intelligence. Ethiopia who was one of the earliest human civilization, in the 20th century , Ethiopia was a backward nation.
    I am telling Ethiopia is gifted with racist Ethiopian intellectuals whose hate for Tigreans is considered Ethiopianism .
    Abrehet and others, posed the question, that political reconciliation was necessary before singing medmir.
    As Eritreans fleeing their nation, I am confident that they will return like the Jewish and bulid a prosperous Eritrea.
    I know some extremist Ethiopians enjoy seeing Eritreans suffering, because they feel that is what they deserve for fighting for Eritrea’s independence.
    Guess what my Ethiopian friends Eritreans fought escape the Ethiopian politics of undermining the rights of Ethiopian minorities.
    In the end Eritreans will prevail. And now Mr. Horizon wishes the struggle of Tigreans to escalate to mass immigration. Mr. Horizon and the likes, your subtle hatred toward us is clearly understood and definitely this is not medemer message.
    I was one of those who doesn’t believe that Ethiopia will reach democracy. Ethiopia has too many intellectuals like Horizon who practice the politics of undermining .
    Honest discussion in Ethiopia is taboo. The only discussion allowed is subtle and direct hate. This is the Ethiopian version of reconciliation.

    • Mitiku Melesse

      Hei Girmay.
      Now you seam you are reading tplf editorial.
      The majority Ethiopians are supporting the revolution including the peace deal with Eritrea. The majority Tigrians chose to be quiet about the revolution and tplf has clearly take its position against the revolution. If you are oppressed by tplf just wink twice then we try to reach you.

      Tplf has started its ethnic poison 40 or so years ago and has shown us how to do it in the last 27 years in politics called Revolutionary democracy. Meaning let Tigrains control the economy and after that has been accomplished make the economy liberal. It has been the most racist and disastrous program for non Tgrians but luckily it came to a full stop. One thing you have to take into consideration is that making one ethnic group control the economy is not an easy journy. You have to put your own ethnic group in key position, you have to cheat election, you have to spread ethnic hatred, politicize the legal system, corrupt, silent the media. Imagine going through all these for 27 years and not being from Tigray.

      Many are against Revolutionary democracy meaning the government control the economy and liberalize after a certain goal achieved. Think how many millions hate it when the Revolutionary democracy is planned to make only one ethnic control the economy.

    • Paulos

      Selam Girmay,

      Remember, these are Dergue riminants whose hate for TPLF is beyond anything and everything. TPLF to its credit transformed their Ethiopia into one of the giants in Africa when their Dergue reduced it into a hungry poster child. Pathetic!

  • said

    Greeting,

    For the vast great majority of Eritreans, the war legacy for masses and individual perspectives of those who went through it and somehow managed to survive still fresh in mind and memory of their lives were repeatedly disrupted by long war for independence, for most their personal time lines broken by major and often deeply devastatingly destructive of war events. And as these events still unfolded till today after 27 years after independent, still today PFDJ curule system is disrupting their lives and the living conditions became steadily more unbearable. Some survived by distancing themselves mentally and emotionally from the grim realities of the wartime years and from EPLF/PFDJ realty of today . so Eritrean in their memories of the past have not changed as well present many of the adolescent’s generation. EPLF/PFDJ hardcore communist politics and ideology were brought into everyday life and into every region and into every family of Eritreans. by the time of independence 1991, naive and innocent Eritrean, many people were merely going through the motions of demonstrating the public support that the new IA dictatorship required to show their love and affectation for the new liberator NUS ,a new cult personality was formed . some genuinely wanted to help in the building of the new nation, to carry their civic responsibility. Some were completely swept away by the EPLF/PFDJ propaganda war machine and considered it good that the IA/EPLF/PFDJ, they hold power. Some dreamer thought They can help Eritrea regain the greatness which it deserves and to be the new African Singapore nation, another illusion. in no time EPLF/PFDJ prompted heaving and shortly delivered hell on earth, for some an anguished reappraisal of their earlier seduction by the promises of a glorious future held out to them by IA and EPLF and propaganda machine was mere illusion. in top come he population after independence, many had to face persecution, marginalization, and the gradual elimination of economic and lost jobs and career and business opportunities.

    EPLF/PFDJ constant military drills and the persistent indoctrination that were part of the EPLF/PFDJ and indoctrinating youth movement. Many Eritrean were not merely victims: They collaborated with the Azamara regime from the outset, embraced EPLF/PFDJ ideology and ideals, In time the youth .They came to feel betrayed by the promises that the EPLF/PFDJ had held out to young people, and guilty about the extent to which they had allowed themselves to be seduced by the EPLF/PFDJ vision of the future which was dead end . But what really changed their perspective was the new war of boarder. Despite being taught constantly that military prowess was the highest human achievement and heroism the noblest human quality, very few of the young men believed on the war of the board except who lived where far away. From the tough and often very humiliating and degrading training they underwent as raw military recruits to the experience of battle in on the war of the boarder on going. The invisibility, illusory and myth belief in EPLF/ Eritrean army assured victory that many of youth thought and shared in the early stages of the war with Ethiopia invading army ,they EA totally vanished almost overnight after the war. the majority realized that the war was lost. They kept fighting out of survival and loyalty to their new master , The young army and out of fear of being killed or, what was potentially almost as bad being captured and some heroically carried on fighting, not least to defend Eritrea against the Ethiopian hordes that seemed hell-bent on destroying Eritrea . some started to reflect and prompted deep self-critical reflections on the extent to which they had supported the IA dictatorship. The violence and chaos of the war’s end and as PFDJ the tightened the screws, no work and education until about near estimate half of them—predominantly younger people—made the difficult decision to emigrate to unknown future. then comes out of blue sudden peace agreement intuited and initiated by PMAA.

    With the Hoopla of seemingly Eritrean official and public criticisms, objections and protests against the one-sided PMAA Plans for a Comprehensive Peace Plan dubbed, “The Deal;” the Eritrean hoopla is much of a Déjà vu circus ever since the start of the Mother Ethiopia project of the pst century ago of creating a plain rhetoric with no substance.
    Any layman could have seen it all coming more than few months ago since the start of the so-called Peace Negotiations between the Eritrean and Ethiopian; a virtual hoax in the cloak of diplomacy. This reality became none surprisingly clear with long reign of the current IA government coming to power since a two decade and half
    Government’s planned policies and strategies for the forthcoming years was some how was not hidden the true face of IA . we chose not to believe.
    However, one can correctly term IA Comprehensive “Declaration of Principles” of a Political Blueprint for the following years in governance. Looking back in hindsight, IA spelled out in the most transparent straightforward manner, addressing his loyalists and indirectly all those who needed to listen, with no minced words or apologetic renderings, his government’s plans for the future is with mother Ethiopia.
    IA Speech in Addis Ababa did not leave a stone unturned, addressing all the sticky issues pertaining to Ethiopian colonialist plans for the years to come. 27 years after in office since, IA is sure more than delivered as he and his extreme right government went even further in the carrying out of his program exceeding the ambitious targets as set in that famous historic speech in 1993 confederation idea was in making decades ago.
    Thus, the Eritrean true to their habits of kicking and screaming as the writing was all over the wall for them to get prepared, take effective countermeasures, a well-contemplated Plan B to forestall Ethiopian plans; as, instead, much as in the metaphor of the ostrich, the Eritrean representatives still carried on with negotiations and the placing of blind trust in PMAAA and Ethiopian Administrations.
    Ethiopia as well the neighbouring countries that went through the same Eritrean experience more or less , the 20th century was a time of massive disruptions of normal life and discontinuities normalcy , marked by drastic changes of regime and the chronic political instability and violence and the most destructive conflict in history in all of horn of Africa countries in which hundreds of thousands horn of Africa countries soldiers were killed, not counting refuges Hundreds of thousands civilians lost their lives, and most horn of Africa countries town, village and cities were reduced to rubble. Periodic famine and food shortages, and its deaths and diseases and economic catastrophes, hugely destructive wars, and cataclysmic social upheavals, long period of wars and dire enduring a period of severe economic crisis, inflation, malnutrition, and black marketeering still is norm of economic activity. some Eritrea living in hell in ruined and shattered villages and towns, deprived of food and shelter, cut off by the almost total destruction of road and communications from internal and out side world. For many Eritrea rightly so, are simply focusing on the way in which they rebuilt their own lives out of the ashes. Christian and Muslim are search for moral reorientation led many backs to their father religion. EPLF/PFDJ hard core Politics seemed largely irrelevant to most Eritreans —not surprisingly, since in the 1960th and early 1990th it had totally betrayed them and led to massive disaster. Instead, people retreated into the private sphere if they can find one, it was and is a time of grinding poverty and hardship. No wonder EPLF, created a vast apparatus of cultural and social organizations, later copied by the Bolshevik Communists.
    Ethiopian continued to suffer in the communist Dergue era , where dictatorship and deprivation remained the norm.

    There is no areas of prosperity, creativity and economic innovation, it is region and an area of economic squalor and despair. The economic differences are just one piece in the puzzle, Other explanations focus on the long legacy of authoritarian regime and the political culture of dictatorship and population never participants in the conversation and disenfranchising society and have no say. No participating and no moment of political empowerment. Today, children and youth, plans to reform the political system were shelved, they have inherited a troubled legacy. Especially for young Eritreans their resentment never vanished. There’s no future here! They ve lost hope. Hope that change will come to Eritrea one of horn Africans poorest countries is dwindling. The grim and dire economic situation is a major factor driving emigration from the country. They don’t believe there’s a future; in horn African there are a lot of poor people and a lot of corruption and leaders failed to meet least expectations. Many ethnic in horn African feel the political system discriminates against them. further add to horn African centrifugal forces. horn African leaders they don’t talk about health, education, agriculture, everyday life. with day-to-day concerns weighing more heavily. Horn African leaders don’t have time or energy to waste on new conflicts. Hope and to encourages young horn Africans to look ahead, not back. a time for optimism, not tales of failure. Horn African leaders’ politicians only know how to steal money. The citizens’ situation becomes more and more dire. They have precious little say and little influence over government. Is there any hope in the horn African World that individual citizens can win some release from the relentless and imprisoning growth of government? Can horn African people religiously and ethnically diverse can created a high level of prosperity based on innovation and creative capitalism. Can horn African people focus on knowledge and education to compensate for the lack of major natural resources or yet discovered, economic freedom unencumbered by political extraction by corrupt Politian with intervention and dragging the horn African people onward the lowest common denominator of state control or statism and interventionism. The state should Stay away with irrational and ideological nonsense. that it is neither essentially good nor sound and horn African nation’s commitment to the rule of law. As Socrates is widely attributed with the saying: “Four things belong to a judge: to hear courteously; to answer wisely; to consider soberly; and to decide impartially. horn African people can if they are given a chance I believe.

  • Abrehet Yosief

    Selam Awate Team,

    The rhetoric of those in power has changed since the initial publication of the article. The leadership are now sending peaceful messages. People to people (including those of artists) peace discussions have taken place both in the west and Ethiopia. A peace institute has been established in Mekelle University with the intention to institutionalize the brotherly relationship of peoples. These are encouraging signs.

    However, I am concerned about the recent events that may eventually result in conflict. In Eritrea, after 20 years of rhetoric of hate, conditions changed overnight without any explanation. The bitterness that the young feel is not addressed or acknowledged. After participating in a bloody war, working with low pay for 20 years struggling to support their families, they are spectators to the new “freedom” in their own country. Two flights a day and numerous mini-busses and motorcycles are bringing hundreds of visitors. Traffic police give warning but do not punish drivers who leave their cars everywhere. While the well to do stay in hotels, the adventurous young are sleeping in their cars. It is those adventurous young tourists who are coming in direct contact with the disadvantaged Eritrean youth. I hear there are insults being exchanged and some have torn down picture of Meles that were posted in cars. (Pictures of Dr. Debretsion don’t seem to bother them)
    Although this may seem minor and not intentional, there is a strong possibility that a major street fight or a single death could cause serious complications. The thousands of Eritrean youth seeking asylum in Ethiopia will be vulnerable to retaliatory attacks. I believe while waiting for the bigger and forward looking discussions, we need to address the current reality. Perhaps a message asking visitors to both countries to be sensitive to each others’ concern is timely. It can be done through social media and religious institutions.

    • Lamek

      Abrehet, this is baseless propaganda. The enimity between the people of Tigray and Kebessa Eritreans was created by Asmara kenisha elites like yourself. The people of Eritrea and Tigray are brothers and sisters and they know this but the elites like yourself do not like the two people to integrate and work together. I have seen about a dozen videos showing how the Tegarru are being accepted so gracefully by their brethren in Asmara. The Eritrean and Tigrayan people have one common enemy in IA, whose whole purpose is to get a full revenge against TPLF and the people of Tigray. The people themselves are one blood from day one. That is the truth but go ahead call me Agaizian.

      • Abrehet Yosief

        Selam Lamek,
        I am also happy that they are all welcoming each other. We also need to think ahead and make sure they remember the long term benefits and not be upset about superficial issues. My concern is for all to be able to overcome the hatred that has been sown for long and to understand eventually the economic benefits will help all of us.

        • Lamek

          Selam Abrehet, I can easily agree with you on that. There are groups that want to keep the animosity between the people of Tigray and that of Eritrea. I am glad you are not one of them as I alluded to in the previous comment. In my opinion, IA and Abiy are conspiring big time so that TPLF’s influence fades away. That will give IA the best personal revenge ever. More seriously, contrary to what most people think, IA does not want a disintergrated Ethiopia. That is why his main goal is to create a transitional govt in Ethiopia which will eventually re-draft the constitution and then eliminate Article 39 and rearrange the new world order of Ethiopia in kifle hagerat as opposed to ethnicity based federalism. But if you read the text from T.Kfile from a few days ago, with the exception of Ginbot 7, all other ethnic groups like Article 39. My understanding is also that Abiy is at an odd place because the majority of Oromo people and their politcal organizations are very much in favor of Article 39, perhaps even OPDP. The promise will be broken and IA and Abiy will be at each other’s throat.

    • Blink

      Dear Abrehet
      I agree the visitors must not play the game of the bad once but to bring Meles pictures to Eritrea was an insult and I was happy to see the three cars front glass was smashed without hurting the drivers , I hope they understand the Eritreans wounds . Second the market rules must come sooner than later because the two sides are not exchanging their trade with good heart win to win, for example some Tigrian traders are bringing expired goods and this is creating bad news in Eritrea. Infact many people choose to bring their goods from deep Ethiopia or are creating their own agents like from Amhara and Oromo region. I think TPLF insiders know what is being played at this hour . All Eritrean traders are somehow connected to PFDJ through the bank and are given information about everything they can trade forexample they are being told about expired goods and Nakfa notes as well as exchange rates .

      • Abrehet Yosief

        Selam Blink,
        I would like you to remember the thousands of tons of food items that were constantly being destroyed in Tesenei because they were expired. They were being imported from Sudan. Merchants will always try to make a quick gain. Alas, greed is not limited to a certain group of people.

        • Fanti Ghana

          Selamat blink and Abrehet,

          I just want to point out also that, collectively, there is poor understanding of “expiration date” in Ethiopia in general. I have had several instances in Addis Ababa to see expired medicines and canned goods.

          The reason I said “poor understanding” is because I did not notice any attempt made to hide or scrap away the expiration dates in those examples I encountered. I once tried to get an attendant’s attention to expiration date of an item when she seemed genuinely puzzled about its importance and my issue with it.

          For this and other reasons, canned and or processed foods must be regulated going either direction.

          PS:
          Unfortunately, let’s not also forget that there will always be some who will exploit every instance or even create one to cause mistrust.

          • Blink

            Dear Fanti
            As you know Eritrean markets are like one family warehouse where the gatekeeper know everything and that is exactly how 09 ( Red Sea) guys know the market and if you try to over step their gates for business you will be no where to be trading the next day . We have a group of people called Minichipiyo who even arrest people for selling good chewing gums . Imagine what will happen if you sell expired cooking oil ? You will be confiscated of all your warehouse goods and also heavy punishments, they do this because they don’t want their business to be disturbed. Eritrean markets are 99.9 % controlled by Red Sea corporation, so the few who are trading expired goods will lose everything they have .

          • Nitricc

            Hey Blink; can you imagine what goes in Ethiopia? The entire population of Eritrea lives in the City of Addis Ababa. Think that for a moment. I can understand how things can simply go wrong in Ethiopia but in Eritrea, unacceptable.

        • Blink

          Dear Abrhet
          Tessnei trade was made at night even sometimes pickup cars being shooted all the way to Golij and it was done by Rashaida who has never bragged of brotherhood and love with anyone but money . Remember you guys are bombarding us of love of two brothers and here we are today looking cars smashed their glasses gone to pieces because they carry Meles pictures and on top of that expired goods plus old Nakfa notes . And if this continues I can only see shooting or killings but that can not be said the norm of Sudanese and Eritreans at the border .

    • Nitricc

      Hey Abrehet; I don’t know why everyone is not mentioning the real reason for the people to go to Tigray and asking for asylum. If the Eritrean government wants the people to stop going to Tigray, all they got to do is start handing 10 kilo wheat and a can of cooking oil. that is all. In the last 20 years the people of Tigray were rationed 20 kilo wheat and other essentials. One people are addicted to hand outs, hard to stop. The Eritreans who goes to Tigray never will be back. Why buy a cow when the milk is free?

      • Abrehet Yosief

        Selam Nitricc,
        That is a very obnoxious and insulting remark. If that was your intention, you have achieved it.

        • Nitricc

          Hey Abrehet; how about the Truth? sometimes even accidently, accept the truth instead of the politically corrected BS.

          • Abrehet Yosief

            Hi Nitircc,
            To know the truth, first ask. Contact the many who crossed to Ethiopia. And ask them if they would have stayed in Eritrea had they been guaranteed to get 10 kilo of wheat and a can of cooking oil.

          • Nitricc

            Hey Abrehet; can you tell me a single reason why there so many underage children and elderly who are leaving the country like there is no tomorrow? come-on!

          • Acria

            Selam Nitricc,
            Yes, there is no tomorrow in Eritrea. Medemer Yemilow fekera kememtatu befit, Ertrawian eko dero Tedemerenal demo eyetedemeren newe!

        • Acria

          Selam Abrehet,
          What he meant is why people buy into slavery in Eritrea when they can be free in Ethiopia ( SeM Ena Werk).

    • Fanti Ghana

      Selamat Kibrti Abrehet Yosief,

      I really shrink whenever I see or hear about some people waving or posting Meles’s picture after his death on anything outside Tigray where the implication ought to be obvious. Even I would tear it away if I see one in Eritrea these days. It has no purpose except to expose stupidity at best.

      It is likely that some of them may think of it as a reminder to previous “friendships” but after having deported thousands of Eritreans inhumanely while on his watch, it is a classic example of both insensitivity and ignorance.

      So, I totally agree that leaders, elders, and anyone else aware of the potential harm a few zeragitos can cause should try their best to educate and guide these “adventurers,” as you call them.

      • Abrehet Yosief

        Selam Fanti Ghana,
        I think the young will always be young. And thank God for that, or we will all be stuck in the past. We just need some messaging to get people to act right before things escalate. The complete blackout in Eritrean media doesn’t help. There are no reports about visitors, or the many peace celebrations along the border. Tigrai Tv has only positive reports. Even some indication from Eritrean government about possible demobilization would give hope and lower the bitterness.

      • Paulos

        Fantination,

        ኣንታ ቅዱስ ፋንቲ ንስኻ’ኻኣ ትኸሶ’ለኻ? ነቶም ዝሰጎጎም ይቕሬታ ከምዘይሓተተ በቃ ዘመስግኖ ስኢኑ። ዓገብ!

        • Fanti Ghana

          Selamat Dr. Paulos,

          I know, I know. The best I could come up with was to add “while on his watch” but since he was the leader of the nation he have to bear some of the blame if not all of it.

          For what it is worth, he tried very hard to stop it and when he couldn’t, he tried to water it down to minimize the damage, but alas, seb zeben siErom!

          PS:
          I got my books yesterday and I noticed that there is no page 218 in either one. In fact, book two ends at page 199. I was imagining Saay’s smile when I said he was on page 218 the other day.

          • Paulos

            Selam Fantination,

            The jury on historical figures as they say are perpetually out and never make it back to the court room. Meles will certainly find his moment for time is the ultimate judge.

            My books are still on their way and glad you got yours. If you’re already quarter or halfway, what is your impression?

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selamat Dr. Paulos,

            I am still reading ‘Hamid Idris Awate’ by Haileselasse Weldu and I still have about 1/3rd of it left (facinating and a beautiful read). I probably won’t start until mid next week (hopefully, before you get yours hahaha).

          • Paulos

            Fantination,

            Hope the author cites Awatedotcom in his Bibliography.

          • Abrehet Yosief

            Selam Paulos,
            And the author says “ye fyel weTeTie ltaszefnibgn new wey?” Didn’t you know Haileselassie Weldu is in Asmara?

          • Paulos

            ሰላም ፍትውትን ክብርትን ሓፍተይ,

            I actually didn’t know that. Zemihret must have edited it then. Nevertheless, glad someone gave a face to Awate. Would personally be curious to know what his sources are. The author’s courage is commendable.

            This may sound hubris but I say, tearing down posters and destroying other paraphernalia related to Meles is stupidity and ignorance to say the least. The man deserves accolades through and through not otherwise.

          • Abrehet Yosief

            Selam Paulos,
            If you were a young man of 17 years, deported from Ethiopia, straight to Sawa, then straight to the border war. A brutal war, and at times of less intense battle, the superior sniper power of Ethiopian army picking whomever they want to target. After that, you are wardia all over Eritrea in extreme difficulty unable to provide shelter for your family. All that you hear is Tigray is getting ready to attack. Then all of a sudden you see “the enemy” and pictures of Meles on cars. Tell me how would you feel? You need to empathize a little bit. Whether you call it stupidity or ignorance is immaterial. For that young man it is a different reality. The idea of calling moderates to a discussion is based on our ability to understand how others feel and coming up with ways to breach the hatred and mistrust. It is not to pass judgement.

          • Paulos

            ክብርቲ ሓፍተይ,

            You got a point. Agree!

          • Abrehet Yosief

            Selam Paulos
            Lets take heart, perhaps the Mereb Peace and Transformation Institute will start soon. We can have young men and women from each side learn conflict resolution together. and they can make sure this kind of bloodshed and stupid hatred is never repeated again.

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Hello everyone,
            Just a though…Will I be exaggerating if I say the returning of Eritrean engagement with Ethiopia without the assistance and the support for “violence-survivor” will have its stigma and it’s not fair?
            Cheers,
            RA

          • Aligaz G

            Dear Fanti,

            I thought the reason for the mass expulsions were accusations of being fifth columnists?

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selamat Aligaz G,

            Generally, that was the reason many in the then government circles believed, but Meles and a few others did not agree in the labeling of all Eritreans as fifth columnists. What Meles was ultimately “forced” to sign was an order to deport those known or potentially threatening.

            Meles received bad raps regarding several issues because what he says in public is whatever his party decides and many people confuse his position with that of the party’s. I strongly believe that the deportation issue was one of those and that was one of the reasons why his opponents amplified their accusation of his “relentless support of anything Eritrean.”

        • Abrehet Yosief

          Selam Paulos,
          Great leaders give their all. Then when they die, they give you an opportunity to make them a scapegoat and move forward.
          I don’t think Fanti Ghana and I were accusing Meles. We are recognizing the fact that at the moment his pictures are controversial and when Ethiopians visit Eritrea, it behooves them to respect the people and their feelings.

      • Acria

        Selam Fanti,

        Anger is the enemy of reason. Let’s give space to freedom of speech. More than anything else, we really need to forgive our Weyane neighbors. We can defeat insensitivity and ignorance only with sensitivity and education.

        • Desbele

          Selam Acria,
          Eritreans anger should be directed to their home dictator IA. He is their sole unhinged enemy. Mekelle youth have every right to applaud their hero who creates them a better opportunity in his tenure.
          I remember the bitter feeling against Eri diaspora-Beles by Asmarinos. They rightly envy their freedom and better $. Now, next door(Mekellians) are the new Beles?! Take it easy Asmarino! Freedom first and all the rest would follow.

          • Blink

            Dear Desbele
            Your sale is horrible with full of lies . As always you are just boiling the Adwa trick . Meles for Eritreans is an evil man who deported 90,000 Eritreans by taking their property and sending them through the mines . You should see the cars who carry his picture with his eyes open smashed to the ground in the middle of Dekemhare. Now the Tigrians know Meles is not welcome in Eritrea even he is dead his picture is seen as a devilish one.

          • Desbele

            Dear Blink,
            My families are deported. I primarily and squarely blame your mad man DIA for that. Again, the youth need to remove the cancer of Eritrea DIA to free themselves from slavery.
            BTW, feel sorry that your smuggling business is bankrupted now. Change a job.

          • Paulos

            Selam Desbele,

            Ambessa! 😂😂😂😂😂

          • David Samson

            Selam Desbele,

            “No need to fight over a dead man’s picture. Remove the living monster!”
            It is simply breathtaking, first-round knock out expression. The contest is over.

          • Blink

            Dear David
            What can a cry baby plus a Tustus Paulos with Meles admirer Mr.Amanuel ( who can not tolerate wedi aker and ran away )do ? All these are just losers who has zero credibility on their own neighbors but get the ears of you supported by the same cry baby agazian lunatic Desbele. Remember we are talking about people who are going lose on their own conclusions of the Weyane will give us power in Eritrea. Now the game is out of hand but since a dying creed game is always on the losing side .

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Desbele,

            Straightforward and bold.

    • Saleh Johar

      Selam Abrehet,
      Would you say the “Medemer” gig is a cheap imitation of the concept of peace envisioned by the Pencil 15 years ago? There are many (many) stories that followed and who didn’t want that to develop further. In due time my dear. 🙂

      • Abrehet Yosief

        Selam Ustaaz,
        “Medemer” is a simple cliché easy to remember and repeat. The idea behind it is not necessarily a cheap imitation but rather informed by many articles in Awate.

        • Saleh Johar

          Indeed Abrehet,
          It saddens me that such messages were not taken seriously by many who should know better. I remember me and my friend Saleh Younis stayed up nights perfecting such kind of messages for years. Now some, “resi’aan”, are so callous they have the temerity to lecture us about “Medemer” and other opportunistic political gestures. It is simply sad. I was convinced from day one that Abiy’s policy on Eritrea is destructive and doesn’t bode well for the future. He is just a smooth talker with no substance and I might add, narrowly formulated policy veiling his dream of making his seat the center of gravity at the expense of Eritreans.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Abrehet,

            “Medemer” is a bogus concept that has not ideological and philosophical basis to it. Grievances of the sociopolitical forces can not be addressed by this empty rhetorical declaration. That is why “social conflicts” are flaring up everywhere except in the Tigray Kilil. If his medemer is not practical for the internal forces, it won’t find traction with neighbor countries, that are unstable with repressive regimes. Any Integration of repressive regimes does not last. Libya and Egypt, Libya and Tunisia are good historical exemplaries.

          • saay7

            Haha Emma:

            I know you and Saleh GJ are not big fans of Abiy Ahmed but….

            Just replace “medemer” with “reconciliation” and voila you will have no problem with it. In fact, medemer is better marketing tool than our own reconciliation. Why? Well as SGJ who has been advocating for 100 yrs will tell you, the most frequent question he gets asked is “who will reconcile with whom? What’s there to be reconciled about?” But medemer is self explanatory and I think more powerful.

            But that just answers one question: who. The answer is: Everyobody, nobody gets left behind. The question you want answered is: what, how, why. And the medemer was not supposed to give a full answer to that, just a partial one: let’s all get together and we will figure it out 🙂

            That’s what’s missing in Eritrea, don’t you think?

            saay

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selamat Saay,

            “let’s all get together and we will figure it out”

            That was and is my understanding of medddemer (it is a strong ‘d’ in case you have to say it out loud in public).

            It became a little spooky when Eritrea got involved, given our background, but I think it was an innocent and in a spur of the moment phrase when he said it.

          • saay7

            St Fanti:

            I agree with your agreement 🙂

            On that spooky thing (how meddemer is spelled a-n-n-e-x-a-t-i-o-n in the Eritrean ear), we will need two Fantis, one from each country, to do a giant “while you were out” post-it-note messages to Eritreans and Ethiopians. For example, I am sure to an Ethiopian ear “economic integration” might spell as “economic exploitation.” Anyway, you guys work it out since I have taken a sabbatical from both countries 🙂

            I don’t know if you have heard MS latest video: it’s a “while you were out” message to artist Tamagn. MS has that coiled up thing in his videos and I highly recommend therapeutIc massage or meditation before his next recording. (Love you MaHmuday). In true Eritrean spirit, MaHmuday put the onus of demarcating the border on Abiy Ahmed. I think built-in into all our messages is that Isaias is pouting child and we need to talk around him.

            Where was I? Oh yeah my sabbatical.

            saay

          • Abrehet Yosief

            Selam Saay and esteemed friends,
            In my opinion the intended audience for “medemer” are the young who were looking for direction and where on a destructive path. The ones who have a determined goal will continue on the destructive path and will not be persuaded by “medemer”. However, many of the crowd who would have followed the determined destructive forces are calmed down by the “medemer” song and are likely to give peace a chance. PM Abiy came at a particular moment when the economic and political situation was untenable. He has to juggle many pieces and tango with the only partner available in Eritrea.
            We cannot blame PM Abiy for the mess Eritrea is. Lets be honest, what was the logical outcome of a country that has gone through war and mass displacement for 30 years followed by brutal repression and exodus of its population for 20 years?
            Join me in lamenting while listening to Vivaldi’s “There is no true peace in this world without bitterness” as sang by Awet Andemicael. And lets keep hoping for the best. If there is no war, at least our struggle will only be for our rights and not for our survival only.

          • Paulos

            ክብርቲ ሓፍተይ,

            You’re at your best. Brilliant!

          • MS

            MarHaba SAAY
            Love you back, but aytfedeHana, I’m still in the amateurish stage. My sun was making fan of me because I did not know that it becomes public once you upload it…

          • Paulos

            G. Morning Muhamuday,

            You’re already a celebrity and I am a big fan!

          • MS

            Ahlan Paulosay
            Not so fast…haha…aytebzeHaley

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Mahmoud,

            Please keep it up. Saay is a perfectionist, specially when it comes to videos and public speaking, body language, hand movements etc.

            It requires years of experiences and practice. Someone like PM AA has perfected the trade as evangelical preacher/motivational speaker for years. You are doing good for an amateur.

            If you don’t mind me suggesting, I think you should consider joining local toast masters club, that will give you lots of practice and lots of valuable tips.

            Berhe

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam fanti
            Medemer in ethiopia content means, 1 idea or 1 social group + other ldea or social group= democratically 2 of ours. example, tigrai+ somali+ south+…..= ours ethiopia.

          • Lamek

            Hello Saay,

            I am writing at the risk of pestering you because my views are not quite popular around here but I have to agree with your translation of medddemer (the d goes strong like Fanti said, there is this thing called bemalalatna matbek, gives completely different meanings to Amharic words). Medddemer is to be added and medemer is to add. I maybe completely wrong.

            I am not a big fan of Abiy either but for the very simple reason that he is befriending IA and he may be getting his marching orders from IA as many speculate. That to me is an insult to the Eritrean people. I realize Abiy’s goal is to protect/expand the interests of his country but if he is an angel, he would not be negotiating with the walking devil in IA. But I can sympathize with those who hold that his intentions are good. Maybe they are but he is not dealing with a legitimate representative of the Eritrean people.

          • Acria

            Selam Lamek,

            Ene’Demer is similar to Wuhuj Gasha: can’t leave anybody behind. When you become inclusive and expose someone to a larger political arena, they are most likely to change their ways. PMAA doesn’t have any choice but to work with our DIA. Definitely things will be better than the status quo of what we have in Eritrea. Forget the border. Look at us , the diaspora! Where do we live? Who do we live with? I don’t think we will have any problems living with and/ or within our Ethiopian neighbors. Pardon for my frustration, but we ain’t got zilch from our independence except losing our beloved sons and daughters.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Salam Acria,

            Frustration will never guide Eritreans to compromise their independence. They lost their beloved ones for their freedom and will continue to fight for it. Eritrea is not the only country that ruled by dictators, but even Ethiopia was ruled by dictators. They have seen famine mows hundred of thousands of Ethiopians. Moreover, illiteracy and miserable health condition still require a fight for years to come. Did they compromise to sell their independence? Of course , not. Though they didn’t get out of the bottleneck in all fields of life, they dream of annexing their neighbors. It is really a shame to relinquish your independence for slavery and beggary ማርያም ተሃብኩም for just you are frustrated.

          • Acria

            Selam Hameed Al-Arabi,

            Frustration, division, ” the taste of foreign democracy”, and now ‘Medemer’ are indeed some of the reasons why we are compromising our independence. Everybody is so frustrated that most Eritreans want to leave their country. Even after the supposedly peace agreement with Ethiopia, many, especially the youth, are fleeing to Ethiopia. The endless and non-sustaining disagreement between ‘them’ and ‘us’ is keeping the dictatorial regime in power without any check. The diaspora can’t leave their newfound love of democracy behind to go and struggle for Eritrea. The ‘Medemer’ mantra is another phenomenon that will definitely compromise our independence by making Eritrea to be slowly swallowed by Ethiopia with the promise of possible economic freedom.

            Yes, my dear Eritreans, things have been stacking up against our dear and costly independence. I’m afraid that it will just be another “lost opportunity” to keep our Eritrea independent, democratic, and strong nation.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Salam Acria,

            The people of Eritrea didn’t sacrifice for the sake of FODDER. The struggle was for full independence. Please, don’t endeavor to influence us by a kilo/sack of TIFF from a poor country that struggles to feed her people.

            Al-Arabi

          • Aligaz G

            Hameed,

            You are correct. Abiy did use that word but in a playful manner. Isaias on the other hand seems to be taking it really seriously.
            Now I have yet another question for you: –
            Who says we Ethiopians want to annex our neighors?

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Salam Aligaz G,

            I think it is better to ask this question to those who say day in and day out “QEYIH BAHRACHIN”.

            Al-Arabi

          • Aligaz G

            Hameed,

            You don’t have the privilege of declaring war on our behalf. As much as you try Ethiopia is not your problem. Better you try to heal your self-inflicted wounds.

          • Amde

            Hi saay,

            Medemmer is what SalehG hears.
            Meddemer is what you hear.

            መደመር leaves much to context… but.. after all what is life without some grey areas?

            But aha ! qubee to the rescue..

            Maddamar vs Madammar

            My vote is on you you hear.

            Amde

          • Saleh Johar

            Amde,
            You can’t do that with Medemmer and Maddemer, but you can’t do it with ‘Ennedemmir’ which not related to the latter. That is what I hear 🙂

          • Amde

            Selam SalehG.

            That to me is he difference between active voice and passive voice.

            Abiy is in sales. His job is selling the idea of meddemer as a logical imperative. You the listener are supposed to have the will to decide that it is indeed so.

            Speaking of which,heard this joke from a relative.

            Teacher is teaching the difference between passive and active voices.

            He asks: “What s the difference between the following two statements?
            1. አበበ ልብሱን አጠበ።
            2. የ አበበ ልብስ ታጠበ።

            Student replies:
            ” In the first instance አበበ was not married, in the second instance he was.”

            I heard this joke in Amharic but invariably all the women I tell it to love it. Irrespective of culture.

            Amde

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam amde
            Did 3A said anything about medemer with eri? i heard him talk about peace, economic integration and so on with eri but never heard him use the word medemer in regards to eri, did u? I thought this medemer is for different social groups of ethiopia to come together. No?

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Salam Teodros Alem,

            Dr. Medemer in his Millennium Hall speech said, “እንየን እሳያስ ስንደመር የምንከፍለው ግን ዓስብ ነው”. Please, google the net.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam arabi
            It means economic cooperation.
            But i didn’t know he used the word medemer but will Check it out.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Salam Tedros Alem,

            First google then reply.

            Al-Arabi

          • Amde

            Selam Tedros,

            I have not heard him say that either.

            But some Eritreans heard it that way, and subsequent events only reinforced their suspicions.

            Can you blame them?

            Amde

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam amde
            For me this ” some eritreans” wants to read what is not written on the agreement just because they r not in a driving seat of the agreement, which is nothing to do with ethiopa or 3A . but with eri democratization.

          • Acria

            Selam Teodros Alem,
            The Medemer principle is not within Ethiopia itself. It encompasses the Horn of Africa too. Imagine six concentric circles. In terms of luminance, the power will be concentrated in the center, where Ethiopia is; next will be Eritrea, then Somalia, then Djibouti, then Sudan (both the South Sudan and Sudan), and the rest of the strategically important neighbors (Kenya, and Middle East countries).

            https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/30fde1cb7a74e7c4e4b75d4bd6a88ef134eebfb3ff7be8af9d640227ee9ff14e.jpg

          • Paulos

            ሰላም ኣምደ,

            ሁለት ተቃራኒ ነገሮች መደመር ይቻላል?

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Dr. Paulos,

            መደመርን የሚመርጡትና ደጋግመው የሚጠቀሙበት ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር፤ በጥልቀት ላሰቡበት የሀገራችን ዘርፈ ብዙ ችግር፣ ዘርፈ ብዙ የሆነውን መፍትሄ በትክክል ለመግለጽ የሚመረጥ ነው፤ ግን ደግሞ ሰፊና ጥልቅ ግንዛቤዎች ያዘለ ቃል መሆኑን ለመረዳት ይቻላል፡፡

            መደመር አዎንታዊ በሆኑ አስተሳሰቦች ታላላቅ ግቦች ላይ ለሚያደርሱ ክንውኖች፣ አእምሮአችን የሚቃኝበት ቅዱስ ፅንሰ ሀሳብ ነው። መደመርና ከመደመር ጽንሰ ሃሳብ ጋር አብረው የምንሰማቸው ፍቅርና ይቅር ባይነት፤ በሚሊዮን የሚቆጠሩ ሰዎችን ቀልብ መግዛታቸው ለዚህ አስረጂ ነው፡፡ “ከአንድ እንስራ ሃሞት ይልቅ ጠብታ ማር ብዙ ንቦችን ትስባለች” እንዲሉ!!!–

            ግን እኮ ሎሚና ወተት ብትደምራቸው የሚገኘው ዉጤት ከንቱ ነው ::that is why we Eritreans and Ethiopians couldn’t manage the principle of -;medemer -synergy result which is completely false..

            KS,,

          • Acria

            Selam KS,

            Well said! Bingo!

          • Acria

            Selam Dr. Paulos,

            As simple as Adam and Eve!

          • Paulos

            Selam Acria,

            I would say that is more of an attraction as opposed to medemer. No?

          • Acria

            Selam Dr. Paulos,

            True. Yet, Medemer does have its own attractions too. We can start with the sudden euphoria of the peace process that heralded the Medemer principle, simple, but effective.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Merhaba Saay,

            You are right I am for “addressing grievances and reconciliation”. These two issues have been the core of my advocacy in the ghedli era, and still remain the core of my advocacy as independent Eritrean citizen. The PM’s Medemer is a deceitful trick in lieu of reconciliation. Medemer is not a solution for antagonistic forces, but reconciliation is. And remember reconciliation has its own long process. The PM is using the word Medemer as a terminology (which isn’t) and as new discourse of social engineering (which is dubious) to attract the insatiable ego of DIA on the one hand, and to fulfill the desire of Qey bahrachin on the other.

            Second, Medemer is more simplistic approach than a complicate and complex reconciliation process. That is why Medemer is a “bogus solution” to a complex political realities.

            Third, those who ask “who will reconcile with who”? are those who are on power and their power bases. The division and polarization of our society is there everyone to observe it. So Saay, how do you come to believe that the “medemer” approach will work, when we have a section of our society do not think we have a divided society?

          • saay7

            Emma Selamat

            You are one tough customer. You see, my friend SGJ’ opposition to Abiy is easy to understand: it reminds me of what Churchill thought of Hitler. He despised him so much he said that “If Hitler invaded hell I would make at least a favourable reference to the devil in the House of Commons.” Similarly, with Saleh, Abiys tight embrace of Isaias is a deal breaker for him: all his virtues dissipate with that toxicity.

            Yours are harder. If medemer really simplistic jargon? Only if you don’t look at the substance behind it. Do you really think that people who were sworn to a life of hardship and armed struggle would just fold to the charm of a snake oil salesman? Behind medemer is a series of concessions, some of them breathtaking in their boldness:

            * concede that the government you were a part of is a terrorist organization;
            * beg for forgiveness and clemency from the people
            * concede there was no rule of law but rule by law;
            * give those declared guilty by the State the benefit of the doubt and release them unconditionally;

            Only after you have made all these dramatic moves can you go on a “medemer*” (reconciliation) campaign and ask for one thing: accept the current flawed constitution and come home.

            So far, to my knowledge, he is at 100% in his ability to return everybody back to the country.

            No sir, it’s not just a slogan; it was preceded by substantive measures.

            No I don’t like his over the top embrace of Isaias. He could have been as cordial and charming as he was with the presidents of Somalia, Kenya, Djibouti. But I think Ethiopians fetishize Eritreans; we are some mystifying novelty to them. It’s like the beautiful model who is fascinated by the nerd who turned her down: she keeps looking at herself and saying “who would turn this down?”

            saay

            * Fanti, Amde ok fine I am done pretending to know the difference between meddemer and medemmer. “To add”, no? Please someone put up the “no Eyob sign.” He will show up to ridicule my Amharic:)

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Merhaba Saay,

            My dear friend, it is okay with me to be tough on tyrants and on those who acquiesced or wedded to tyrants. The PM of Ethiopia is not good for Eritrean people. I hate someone who exchange rings with tyrants. There is nothing good could come from the relationship of PM Abiy and our despot for our people.

            Second, there is nothing to make us hopeful from the “declaration of medemer” (a) Free “market economy” and “state owned economy” are not compatible in nature and can not be integrated (b) A free population and an enslaved population can not be integrated without one side of their pertinent leaders subdued their principles and policies (c) two different governing system can not be confederated, as the project of the two leaders are inching towards that. With that, have a good day buddy.

          • Eyob Medhane

            Sal,

            Oh my God! Your Amharic should be taken to court, prosecuted and sentenced to lifetime of hard labor. 🙂 “Meddemer” is “To be added up”, while “Medemer” is “To add up”. Tsk, tsk, tsk, tsk..

          • Amde

            Hi saay,

            I give you unauthorised dispensation from Abiy to spell መደመር any damn way you please when you write such fine prose. Even Wanda, except it’s the name of a damn fish.

            Your ” I think Ethiopians fetishize Eritreans; we are some mystifying novelty to them. It’s like the beautiful model who is fascinated by the nerd who turned her down: she keeps looking at herself and saying “who would turn this down?”” is gold.

            Amde

          • Aligaz G

            Amde,

            The fetish phraseology also caught my eye. Actually I think it is weird type of Kafkaesque sem ena werq. Saay vacillates between medemering and revulsion so he resolves by reducing us to a nation of 100 million fetishests. He doesn’t realize Ethiopians are actually passive aggressive masochists. To be called fetishests is too simple and unrewarding for us.

          • Aligaz G

            Amde,

            Something bad happened to your funny response. Did the gods who watch from Olympus zap you? Anyway in response to your post that isn’t let me say It’s a stream of consciousness thing. On the scale of weird creepo pervertdom being self-described as masichist definitely feels better than being called a ffffffetishest. Btw Don’t drink and write. ha ha

          • saay7

            Amde:

            Ah, is writing an art form? If it is, I vote for it to be booted out. One spends hours composing a rare form and its ignored and then writes a throw-away line and it is “gold”? The muse is random.

            So listen up Ethiopians. Ethiopia Hoy. Don’t listen to our King Lear. He is raving mad because he’s got no Cordelia: all his daughters disappointed him. There is a storm in his head, every day:

            1. We are not one people; a large segment of our people shares almost identical culture with a small segment of your people. Nothing special: you can say that about any two neighboring African countries;

            2. Many of your heroes are villains and many of our heroes are our villains;

            3. We very much value and idolize self-rule and we have no fond memories of any kings;

            4. We are a traumatized people: still trying to understand how our revolution got hijacked by a clique. You confuse us when you romance the clique;

            5. Our country is named after the Red Sea. So when you tread on it you tread on our identity.

            6. Since the Mengistu Neway coup attempt we have inspired all your evolutions. Your turn: try to inspire us now and you don’t do that by fetishisizing us. That just creeeps is out.

            saay

          • Aligaz G

            Saay,

            Now you have gone and called Brigadier General Menguistu Neway a foot fetishest in order to satisfy your muse. I think you better stay away from women. And Amde stay away from inebriation this is all your fault.

          • saay7

            Selam Aligaz:

            Tsk, tsk.

            Fetishize: have an excessive and irrational commitment to or obsession with (something).

            And Mengistu Neway was of course inspired by the articles in the Eritrean Federal Act. Sources not available upon any request.

            saay

          • Aligaz G

            Saay,

            No to fetishize has creepy crawly connotations and cannot be sanitized. I knew Menguistu he was my friend and he was no fetishest. And I resent this conversation. ha ha

          • Mitiku Melesse

            Hei Saay.
            He did his PhD work on the Agaro constituency with the PhD thesis entitled “Social Capital and its Role in Traditional Conflict Resolution in Ethiopia:
            May be he got his idea from his study.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Mitiku,
            You know leadership is not measured by academic achievements. The determining factors for a leadership qualities are other than academic achievements. I don’t think you want me to list them out, for you are capable to find them out. Usually, academicians are not good “political practitioners”. However, they are good advisors on their expertise.

          • Selam Amanuel H.,

            In my opinion the slogan “medemer” came to replace tplf’s “divide and rule”, and it has nothing to do with eritrea. It is meant to bring together the different ethiopian social groups whom tplf over the last quarter century and more, did its best to create enemies out of them, so that they can be weak and easily ruled.

            Medemer is meant to bring social and political harmony within ethiopia for ethiopians, in a country divided by its politicians. If DIA wants to be carried away with ethiopian medemer tide, it is up to eritreans to control him. Demonizing PMAA for the sake of ‘medemer”, exclusively an ethiopian phenomenon is not helpful.

            As i understood, ‘medemer’, a call to ethiopians, means, come together and be strong, as a country and people, as a society and as political parties, etc. Instead of being the weak and scattered with narrow ethnic beliefs and interests, having hundreds of political parties, come together, be strong and take power from us by convincing ethiopians with your political programs, develop your regions, educate your children, increase productivity instead of destroying what you already have, etc . That is what PMAAA directly and indirectly said in front of tens of thousands of ethiopians, inside and outside the country. Why then should ‘medemer” be a problem to eritreans?

            The social unrest we see today in ethiopia is not due to the medemer phenomena, but the legacy of tplf’s divisive ethno-federalism and anti-ethiopianism, which will unfortunately stay around for a long time. You said tigray kilil is the only stable part of ethiopia. Don’t forget that eritrea is stable too, but its people are fleeing from this stable situations.Therefore, it is only time before the same phenomenon is seen in tigray, when tplf’s iron grip becomes unbearable to the people.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Horizon,

            A good leader can be Identified, when he found himself at the site of the conflict immediately after the incidents, to address the cause of the conflict and to cool down the anger of the population. Now I will let you to measure what your PM is up to in that regard.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam aman h
            Ur ability of thinking is like a foot soldiers, so little. U believe anything that been said on the media is true, the worst is u believe the worst and negative side of any story, that show how sick and dark ur heart is .
            The conflict that u hear in ethiopia is at least a minimum10 times exaggerated , to show the ugly side of division or to show the consequence of ur thinking.
            Don’t forget eprdf is still a revolutionary party.

          • Mitiku Melesse

            Hei Amanuel
            A worst leader is identified when he used his security people to instigate ethnic clenzing to stay in power. Otherwise what you see in Ethiopia is what tplf planted among our people and that what Ethiopians have to pay for tolerating tplf for 27 years.

          • Mitiku Melesse

            Hei Amanuel.
            Wait until Tplf looting economy couldnt bring more from those Killils who killed one another from the Tplf’s ethnic poison politics.

          • Acria

            Selam Brother Saleh,

            Let’s give the philosophy of PMAA, Medemer, sometime to materialize. For me, Medemer is working together to make peace and economic freedom to the Horn of Africa. That promise alone is better than what we have under our DIA. What choice do we have? Stagnation forever? Eritrea might be swallowed by the gravity to the south…..Medemer is tempting when you see the progress in Ethiopia…..Let’s be patient for the sake of peace…..we haven’t materialized anything during the last 27 years. Besides, we do become more homogenous going southward…..another gravitating factor!

          • Mitiku Melesse

            Hei Saleh.
            Change your struggle method. NPNW has been good for Eri-Opposition to press GOE. When TPLF used the NPNW was not for you. It is only for itself. I have told you many times that if you want change in Eritrea do it in Eritrea. Dont be dependent on Ethiopia. Ethiopia and Eritrea are two different sovereign nations. Circumstances change any time. Our pm chose that peace with Eritrea is good for Ethiopia. Think of for a minute if Ethiopia had no peace with Eritrea and the situation Ethiopia is now. Just think of it.

          • Saleh Johar

            Mitiku,
            Change what? Who is dependent on Ethiopia? Ethiopia and Eritrea are two different countries. Really?

            Okay, you or your PM can do what you think is good for your country–but please don’t tell me what to do and what not to do. Your language is condescending, try a better way.

    • Acria

      Selam Abrehet,

      The agenda of the Peace Institute at Mekelle University (PIMU), in its simplified form, should be distributed as a mandatory form of education at all levels of social interactions, especially, all educational institutions. Let’s respect our diversity and live peacefully. Leave politics at home.

      • Ethiopian_one

        Amen!

  • Lamek

    Selam to you all.

    The article has this paragraph under the section Purpose to Create New Reality:

    “Because for years, these governments have made it abundantly clear that they care not a whit about what their citizens have to say. They have told the people that they are irrelevant. They have rejected their people’s cries for peace; they have rejected their people’s appeal to be heard and to be respected; they have turned a deaf ear to their citizens’ demands to exercise their freedom. The governments have made it abundantly clear that their only purpose is to retain power at all costs.”

    The biggest beef I have is with Dr. Abiy Ahmed. The statements in the paragraph apply to him in the case of Eritrea for not at least raising any concern that Eritrea has thousands of prisoners of conscience. Abrehe Abraha was arrested right in front of the eyes of Abiy so he can’t make any claims that ‘arrests happened before my time.’ He needed to say something. In fact, as soon as Abrehe spoke up, he should have warned IA to not dare arrest him. But Abiy is a hypocrite and he only cares about how the Oromo people can eventually dominate Horn politics if not separate from Ethiopia.

    IA has not changed an iota so he is what he has always been but Abiy is whom we should pressure to not deal with a brutal dictator like IA. If he wants a lasting and binding peace and economic, political, and social ties with Eritrea, he will have to work with Eritreans and not IA. Otherwise, this will backfire and result in another chaos.

  • Amanuel

    Hi Hope
    Please read RA comment again. “In return the Eritrean exchange Eritrean Nakfa on face value $1-$1 birr, to the Ethiopian traders. The Nakfa they exchange was obsolete/the old Nakfa money. This is what they call in Ethiopia ( የመልስ ምት).”
    As I understood the Ethiopian traders exchanged expired commodities for obsolete/the old Nakfa.

  • saay7

    Selamat awatistas:

    As great as this editorial was, it is to update it to a call to liberals. Liberals in its old definition: someone who has an enlightened view about the sanctity of life and liberty.

    Since it’s founding, the Organization of African Union (OAU and now AU) has held to an escape clause which sounds noble but ended up being a way for 1.2 billion Africans to be heeded by 54 individuals. The clause is article III.2 of the Charter “non-interference in the internal affairs of States.” This article is invoked every time a tyrant commits an outrage against his people: it is what allowed Africans to watch helplessly as they witnessed one massacre after another.

    Then, they came up with “the right of the Union to intervene in a Member State pursuant to a decision of the Assembly in respect of grave circumstances, namely: war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity.”

    This was the so-called policy of non-indifference. But when the Isaias regime was accused of crimes against humanity, the dictators club turned a blind eye.

    What we Africans haven’t done is what Europeans did during the Enlightenment Era: show loyalty to an idea and not a flag. If we showed loyalty to an idea (freedom, due process, citizenship, Liberty) and not a flag, then it wouldn’t matter whether someone was a Nigerian, Zambian, Burundian: they would read this article

    (Google Jailed Without A Trace)

    The story of Ibrahim Sherifo, the son of disappeared Eritreans Mahmoud Sherifo and Aster Fissehatsion, and advocate his cause regardless of the flag you were born under.

    saay

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Abu Salah (Saay),

      It is still doable if that can rally the Horn and beyond. I have no doubt that the “team” can lend their ears to your idea.

    • haileTG

      Selamat saay,

      Nothing perturbs me more about PFDJ than its recklessness and sheer cruelty towards minors. It defies basic human decency! I mean it is natural that children and young persons are harmed as a collateral damage in conflicts and war zones. But the regime of IA insidiously acts in ways that directly attacks children in cold and calculated sadism. Ibrahim and many others are a living wound on our collective psych as citizens of that country and human beings in general. Imagine how demonic IA must be when he hid from the daughter of Niezghy Kiflu, a young lady that he himself saw growing up from newborn to adulthood. All she wanted was that the body of her father (IA’s long term friend) to be allowed to be buried. He must be a sick animal. What exactly does he think he is? Such a moron without a drop of humanity!

      Coming back to Africa, IMO the continent is still way off from that kind of collective conscience. What is needed is that to make the regime tolerance index in the populace as low as possible. Thus regimes are overthrown and replaced faster than few years. I.e. a culture of revolution. This way each cycle would get better group. There are no big institutions one would be worried of losing in the process, just keeps any regime on their toe. If you see Ethiopia for example, from HS, Mengistu till now, (through the rein of IA) is slowly changing the ground work for good. Others, such as Botswana have done great too. In the process, an engaged citizen is formed and transformed to eventually reach the stage you alluded to. When people like IA show up, normally it should have been a swift in n out. But a carpenter that he is, he found a way to hook himself to the damn chair for eternity:)

      • Nitricc

        Hey Haile-TG; you said ” When people like IA show up, normally it should have been a swift in n out. But a carpenter that he is, he found a way to hook himself to the damn chair for eternity:)” I believe PIA days are numbered; how he will leave Eritrea is the question. Eritrea is as good as how PIA leaves her. The best way to change in my opinion is, involving PIA to be part of the change. If not, Eritrea might find the same predicament what is Ethiopia today. Scary!

        • haileTG

          Merhaba Nitricc,

          I think you have a point as far as how we tend to try to perceive change. We tend to try to make it feel and sound palatable and logical. However, the nature of change involving oppressor vs oppressed never ends in negotiated settlement. It is one or the other. This is not because I am personally against the person of IA, but the basic reality doesn’t support a situation where he can be part of. In fact it would be dangerous and tense situation to have him around while you are trying to bring the nation together. Many would be distracted by the sheer hate they have towards what this sick person did to them and would never cool down to rationally engage while he is around. He has to get out and let the country to its natural fate whatever that may be. It is like inviting apartheid regime into SA gov of today, or Derg’s ESEPA into Ethio parliament of today. Oppressor and oppressed might switch places but can never resolve to amicable coexistence. It is sounds intuitive but logically impracticable. This is why Down Down Dictator! is simplistically appealing:)

          • Paulos

            Selam HaileTG,

            No revolting spirit but revulsion and people of all stripes are leaving in droves. The question we need to ask is, why isn’t it a priority for Isaias or Abiy for the latter should equally be concerned for they will be a burden to his country.

            The influx has a psychological streak where a man’s degnity is at the mercy of a host where if anything it is a classic reversal of fortune as the new host was known particularly from the mid 50s to mid 80s a Bohemian in the streets of Asmara and other cities to be picked up to fit in to the lowest socio-economic stratum.

            For the Weyanes, it is straight from the book where the strategy is instead of confronting Isaias, win the heart of the Eritrean people instead. Win the people! When they do, the people hear not only terms of endearments and feel warm affection but historical, cultural ties dawns on them and start to question if Eritreanism was truly authentic to begin with. In the end, a young woman while braiding her daughter’s hair said, away from Eritrea, when she was asked by a foreign reporter what her aspirations are.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Dr Paulos,

            Indeed there isn’ the “spirit of revolution” in our young generation. And yes what we are witnessing is “revulsion and leaving the country in droves.” The last 27 years the despot was successful to kill the spirit of our young. Our can do spirit became “ነበረ-ነበረ”. With the current flow of Eritreans leaving our country, the despot will do anything and everything to annex Eritrea and to take us down, as Ambassador Andebrhan alluded in his book. This will be the worst conspiracy against our sovereignty. The Eritrean people have never took him seriously and we will a big price.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Nitirickay,

          Dictators has never been part of transitional change nor do they want to be part of any kind of change. Do not even contemplate to happen in our country. Their destiny is either to be rooted out by wrath of public or waite nature to take its own course. It is not what we desire, it is the nature of dictators.

    • Selam Saay,

      All the things you mentioned above are right. My problem is how they will be achieved in practice, and what should be the right recipe.

      When the rescuers (african dictators) implement the same policy within their own countries (as you said), and they do not stand on a morally superior ground needed in this case, how is it possible they can really help despite what they say? Can they be accepted as savors, while they are arsonists in their own countries, and purportedly firefighters outside their countries, an unrealistic combination, in my opinion.

      When how to intervene is also the other main question.
      a) If Militarily, with the excuse of crimes against humanity that was carried out methodically, subtly, etc, over a long period of time, they will be intervening in a country that is not in a civil war at the present that could create a grave security situation for the ordinary eritrean. When president Nyerere intervened in uganda against idi amin, there was a raging war of resistance against that inhuman dictator, and the whole world was behind tanzania for helping to overthrow idi amin.

      b) Economically, they do not have the economic power that is necessary to affect the regime, and much more people have been taught to live on the minimal requirements of life, the so called self-reliance. As we have seen, UN sanctions since 2009 have done nothing to change the behavior of the eritrean regime. If severe sanctions are put in place, and the pond is dried, it is the small fish that are going to suffer more, because the big fish will continue to survive by feeding on the smaller fish, as it does now.

      Unfortunately, what i have come to understand after so many years is that it is more practical to find a way to tame the monster and not confront it head on, make him open the door and undermine his power from within. I know that it is easily said than done. The other solution, intervention, is even worse, it seems.

      Who can tame the monster? PMAA could be the head of a group of leaders. They could be african leaders only, or it may even include arab leaders of the region, whom he heeds their call, to civilize somehow the more uncivilized regime than themselves. Unfortunately, pm Abiy himself is in a tight corner, and he is full time working to stabilize the country and save it from the wolves who came back wearing sheep’s clothing, and from the old wolves who seem not to have lost all their teeth. A stable ethiopia may as well be a solution for eritrea.

      Finally, remember, i used to say root them out. Opinions do change with time and the reality on the ground.

  • Hope

    Hello:

    Arbi Harnet with its Notorious Sponsor, Martin Plaut,are back to business:

    “Eritrea: Three Ministers “offer their resignation” as thousands of young professionals leave the country
    OCTOBER 3, 2018 MARTIN PLAUT NEWS
    (Asmara 02/10/2018) members of the Freedom Friday network (Arbi Harnet) in Asmara report that the situation in Eritrea is deteriorating and people are bracing themselves for every eventuality.

    Cabinet meeting

    These activists say they are hearing rumors of a growing discontent among cabinet members as well as senior party and army officials.

    The Cabinet Meeting that was convened last week, only lasted a few hours. Usually, it is held over a couple of days. It is reported that Issaias Afwerki’s briefings regarding the current national and regional developments were met with ‘tough questions’ from several ministers. This created a tense atmosphere and he is said to have walked out of the meeting. The Arbi Harnet activists have heard that at least three ministers have asked permission to resign from their respective posts.

    The three ministers who have requested to be relieved of their ministerial responsibilities are believed to be Mr. Arefaine Berhe, minister of agriculture, Mr. Semere Russom, Minister of education (who was appointed as an ambassador to Ethiopia in July) and the Minister of public works, Mr. Abraha Asfaha. It should not be forgotten that last month the regime arrested the former minister of finance, following his publication of a two-volume book criticizing the regime.

    Meanwhile, Eritreans continue to leave the country, taking advantage of the opening of the border with Ethiopia. The health and education sectors are said to be suffering badly, since large numbers of professionals, including young teachers and medical professionals, have left the country in large numbers.

    The arrest of ordinary citizens has also continued. As per earlier reports many members of evangelical faith groups who came to Asmara airport to welcome an Ethiopia Televangelist, who took the first flight from Ethiopia, are still in prison.

    Similarly, owners of water tankers, who were unable to pay the hefty fines levied during the summer, amounting to millions of Nakfa, remain in jail”.
    Hope it is true,but for god though,not for a divisive and destructive propaganda..

    • Alex

      Hi Hope,
      Personally until it is reported by Gedeb news or other trustworthy outlet, I do not believe what is reported by Arbi harnet since they are not reliable on some of their reports.

      • Acria

        Selam Hope and Abi,
        Can we focus on the subject matter in discussion instead of digressing to topics that are unrelated to the theme of the article? I see this often in the Awate form. Genuine discussion requires focus and due diligence on the person posting in this form. I hope this will be the norm in the future.

  • said

    Greetings,
    Horn of Africa Remains in a State of Uncertainty
    The many State of Lingering Confusion in the General the Horn of Africa Scene shows, for rather inexplicable reasons, a lack of true leadership capable of assuaging the public’s anxieties and help dispel much of the sources of tensions and uncertainty. Unfortunately – notwithstanding the overwhelming challenges ravaging Horn of Africa currently, not the least of which the worsening economic situation and the surrounding political uncertainties.
    that could potentially impact the security and Horn of Africa’s future Sovereignty – All leadership of Horne of Africa as represented by variety assorted kind leaders and a failed type ,they appear to be passive failing to assume the lead in assuaging the public’s anxieties and the general public’s sense of uncertainty. However, a savvy observer is baffled where to lay the emphasis in attempting to explain the reasons of the Leaders Horne of Africa apparent passivity before a very demanding situation. Some goes to blame it on the personality and idiosyncrasies of the leaders . They consider the leaders s personality does not lend itself to crisis management, of the lack of sufficient endowment and the acumen of insightful grasp of the inherent subtleties and the intricacies of the complex demographic makeup of Horn of Africa , specifically the amorphous web of ethnic, tribal and regional structures and tribal interrelations. This, as well as the delicate and sensitive ethnic divides – long left untackled – between the main constituent blocks of the Horn of Africa population, mainly
    The complexities and the intricacies of the above two demographic realities, increasingly daunting as they are, appear to escape the radar screen of the Horne of Africa leaders . Besides, others blame the Horn of Africa leaders ’s apparent passivity on the leader’s apparent lack of the leadership and honest beside untested PMAA Charisma to artfully and effectively remain above the local Horn of Africa contradictions and the political fray. Interestingly, some other observers go as far as judging the leaders s passivity of being intentional and as being contrived.

    In their assessment they reckon that the Horn of Africa leaders are intentionally keeping a Low Profile out of genuine helplessness to influence the events and the inevitable powerless, awaiting for all to Fall Well in Place in Due Course when all ultimately Happens. This is the only explanation one can deduce in view of the apparent passivity of the Horn of Africa leaders in the midst of the socio-economic and socio-political seismic disruptions ravaging the Horn of Africa ’ lives as were funneled in public discontent uprising nearing civil disobedience that recently rocked Horn of Africa from one end to the other. The at this crucial juncture appear desperate for guidance and the allaying of sense of loss as the Horne of Africa leaders does not appear to be currently providing to them. The economic hardships the Horn of Africa find themselves in at present raising their levels of anxieties and uncertainties are not been assuaged by the Horn of Africa leaders being the ultimate legitimate leadership and authority in Horn of Africa The widely experienced economic and financial hardships the Horne of Africa are experiencing appear as the litmus test giving the Horn of Africa at large a strong taste of lingering deprivations or, alternatively, ultimately, proving amenable to economically and financially rewarding solutions contingent upon the submission into a comprehensive economic for Horn of Africa and lasting real Peace Plan agreed between all.Coercing the public to submission would seem to go with the flow; this, since we Horn of Africa people , given the Horn of Africa people general idiosyncrasies of complacency and procrastination have for long been conditioned to submit to the status quo

  • Paulos

    Selam My Good People,

    ዓርቢ ሓርነት is reporting that three Ministers have submitted their resignation in protest to the unchecked influx of people to Ethiopia and other concerns as well. Any idea?

    • Haile S.

      Selam Paul,

      I have no idea! Ich habe no idea!
      But, imagine a cartoon, the double Ps, PMAA and PIA holding each a big bag full of things. PMAA’s bag is open on the neck, it collects everything that comes including what comes from PIA’s generously accumulated gift. PMAA’s bag is tightly closed from the bottom with his own hands. The top is open and everything gravitates-in down from the top, the good, the bad and the worst gifts from his predecessors. The bag is in turmoil to the point of exploding.
      PIA’s bag is tightly closed from the top with his own hands. But, the bottom has a hole, perhaps voluntarly or involuntarly, pocked by PMAA. PIA squeezes his bag to keep it hermetically closed from the top without realizing that he is pushing the contents down through the hole to the point of emptying the contents. But as long as he holds the neck, he is satisfied, because he feels holding tight the rein of power, the neck of the Leopard without realizing its clows can pock his fragile bag.
      At the same time, the ministers react to the symptom rather than to the cause as your per your report.

    • haileTG

      Selam Paulos,

      Given the short cut mtg of the cabinet and its references to unspecified internal resistance, as well as the shortly after posted 03 by Hagerawi Dihnet guy telling us not to be surprised if we hear some senior officials abandoning the regime, the report is likely true. However, the ministers need to realize that they either need to be public with their opposition or they carry their own liability if they choose hushukshuk opposition and end up eliminated with accusations of corruption as usual. If they criticize IA of secrecy then they should avoid it themselves.

      • Paulos

        Selam HaileTG,

        It is most likely true particularly as you put it the sort of heads up from HD. That said however, it seems to me, we are witnessing the rise of a clear fissure and divide between EPLF and PFDJ. The former are adherents of ኤርትራ ንኤሪትራውያን and the latter staunch Isaiasists.

    • David Samson

      Selam Paul,

      IA, during his meeting with his nominal ministers, has already emptied the fall out of high-ranking officials, and has predicted that some of them will flee. IA needs three-key individuals: Foreign, Internal and Finance. The two Yemanes could fill up the first two positions, and Kisha could do the last one respectively. Although the Yemanes could easily being disposable but hard to replace them. Kisha has been out of frame for a while now, but I am not sure if he is frozen. On a different subject, rumour has it– Beyene Rusom is still in Asmara. Has he refused to take up his new position, or is something technical?

      • Paulos

        Selam David,

        I wouldn’t think Semere would have any falling out with him for he is deep into the closet that spans over 40 years. The showdown is between EPLF and PFDJ where the latter is a true believer not in Eritrea the sovereign but in Isaias the person.

        Not sure if you have seen it but recently former Dergue Generals and Colonels are pumping up the volume where they praise Isaias and vilify Meles as the former is their man but the latter who gave Eritrea away. They don’t actually stop there, they went on to say that, if it wasn’t Mengistu’s incompetence, they could’ve won the war. Isaias has set out to humiliate Eritrea and Eritreans. Sad!

        • David Samson

          Selam Paul,

          40 years? – that is precisely the point. Has he got any legs left to carry out IA’s dirty work? I doubt! The showdown has always been between ‘Nsu’ and ‘WudbNas’

        • Berhe Y

          Hi Paulo and David,

          I think the division between EPLF and PFDJ was completed in Sept 18, 2001. The day he arrested the G-15, Isayas has decided to eliminate anyone who will get in his way and he was willing to let others tag along as long as they obeyed.

          I really have hard time to believe those who tag along, the like of the former minister Berhane, Andebrehan, Ali Abdu, Mustofa Nerhusien, Abdela Jaber, and many others who defected or arrested since were just going along until they realized it’s too late.

          Like Saay said, everyone has their Tiwgahimo moment and for some it will be the recent case with Ethiopia.

          As far as Semere Resom, it’s hard to say never but he is Isayas Afeworki lap dog all along. Starting all the way during the Menkae movement, he accepted IA actions as justified.

          I remember he had a meeting in Canada during the leak of the G-13 and what he said when he was black mailing them.

          I personally think, based on the response he gave at that meeting, he is responsible for the leak of the G-13 letter.

          Berhe

          • Paulos

            Selam Berhe,

            I disagree. The reason G-15 including G-13 went after him was not because of clear departure from the core ideology of EPLF, it was because he lost the war. If he had won the war, the drumbeat on their part would’ve been equally louder. Isaias however, had a lethal weapon at his disposal. History!

            Ethiopian leaders have always had a thing for Eritrea and he equally made a case to that effect that the Weyanes were not any different either. And he accused the G-15 of treason, the people gave him the benefit of the doubt and threw the G-15 under the bus. No dialogue before withdrawal was precisely anchored on the deep mistrust of the Weyanes. And it worked for him as a brilliant salesman.

            Now, the benefit of the doubt that had calmed down the true EPLFites is fading away when it is becoming clear that, the strategy is not to safe guard the nation of its eternal enemies but it is all about him and his power base instead. EPLFites felt duped and are pushing back when Birhane Abrehe fired the first shot not from a mountain but from a living room in Asmara. The plot thickens….

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Paulo,

            There was very interesting exchange between what was believed to be Isayas Afeworki (Bereket Feday Nugusse) and EPLF insider Haile Dure or Beraki (Fre Shawel) at asmarino around 2000. If I can find the link I will share it on the weekend. Basically what the EPLF insider was saying, after the congress of 1994, IA replaced all the veteran leaders of EPLF with new blood (Hagos, Kisha, 2 yemane, wedi kassa) etc..

            Since then basically, IA was the supreme leader and was doing everything as he wished.

            I don’t think all the veteran EPLF tegadeli had any role as far as where the front was heading, except Isayas and his insiders.

            What happened in 2000, they got together and decided to try to stop him from causing more damage going forward (constitution, rule of law, president term limits etc).

            If you recall, when he was responding to G-15, IA was saying to “Mahmood Sherifo, please be careful what you are asking for” something like that.

            So I don’t think they were really come after him only because of the war but they used it as a reason to go after him.

            Berhe

  • Reclaim Abyssinia

    Dear All,

    Today I just received interesting information that might interest you regarding a situation that took place among Eritrea and Ethiopian traders around the border.

    The Eritrean traders were unable to cope with the Ethiopian traders and theft during cross-border trade engagement with the Ethiopian.

    As the Ethiopian always being tricky and immoral on their way of trading practice, they sold a huge amount of expired cane food, pasta, & macaroni to the Eritrean traders.

    In return the Eritrean exchange Eritrean Nakfa on face value $1-$1 birr, to the Ethiopian traders. The Nakfa they exchange was obsolete/the old Nakfa money. This is what they call in Ethiopia ( የመልስ ምት).

    Every Ethiopian loved this hypothetical story and gave a big well-done thump up to the Eritrean traders.

    Cheers,
    RA

    • Berhe Y

      Hi RA,

      I think this story should be worrisome because for sure it will lead to confrontation. The frame work for honest and reliable trade needs to be established and proper boarder guards needs to be in place to make it worth while.

      I think this can be avoided by creating cross boards trading license holders where they would know their rights and responsibilities and also consequences.

      I don’t think Ethiopian traders should bring their goods and setup shops in the street and sell and vice versa. Otherwise, quick profit and human greed will take over and people will do anything.

      I remember in the 80s during the boarder closure, a story of someone selling donkey meet as cow meet in Asmara.

      Berhe

      • Hope

        Selam Berhe:
        Be brave and condemn such corrupted business.

        • Berhe Y

          Hi Hope,

          Ok, what ever you say. You go through mood swings:).

          “Be brave” reminded me “Be A Man!” Russle Peters episode. Look it up.

          Berhe

    • Amanuel

      Hi RA
      In Eritrea we call this (ክልተ ጎርሓት ሓሙኹሽቲ ስንቆም።)

    • Hope

      Selam RA:
      Irrespective of the truth or falsehood of the news ,don’t forget that the TPLF and its Agents are hiding the obsolete $28 billion Nacfa,made worthless -thanks to the PFDJ astute decision and measures and the TPLF has been angry about losing that amount of money,and even threatened to SUE Eritrea,hence,they have to look for ways of reclaiming it.

      This is NOT to mention or to forget the $2 billion worth birr Eritrea and its Banks lost during the creation of the Eri Currency due to the same TPLF’s sabotage of the Eritrean Economy.

      And yet,the Amanuel Hidrats ,the Hayats and the Pauloses will still adore and admire such kind of corrupted, crooked as well as evil intended TPLF and its Leadership,Agents and followers.

      Sad that we have such a kind of neighbors.

      Caution and Disclaimer:
      There is no intention of generalization here.

      • Amanuel

        Hi Hope
        Do you have evidence $28 billion Nacfa was in the hands of TPLF & its agents (your claim is confusing as there is no $28 billion Nacfa as such, but let say you made an innocent mistake and assume you meant ERN28 billion). According this web site there was ERN62.44 billion in circulation and based your claim more than 45% was in the hands of TPLF & its agents.
        Friendly advice: this forum is for grown ups, please go to TN or Meskerem with this kinds of comments.

    • Mitiku Melesse

      Hei RA
      ”As the Ethiopian always being tricky and immoral on their way of trading practice…”
      Hate propaganda I call it.

      • Reclaim Abyssinia

        Lol, Metikuye,
        Do not assume…, I am መረቅ
        Ethiopiawei, Eritreawei & Djiboutieyawi, (HOA) , so I do not propagate hate towards any human being let alone towards Ethiopian. But if you want to get technical may be i should have said Ethiopian trader (አጭቤ ነጋዴ)
        The best part about this story is the “big well-done thump up to the Eritrean traders.” Given by all Ethiopian.
        There was another story i left out… One Eritrean trader lost 50k Nakfa, and people in the hotel were contributing for him.

        BTW, Hi and cheers,
        RA

        • Mitiku Melesse

          Hei RA.
          Too biased.

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Hi Mitiku,
            Your Brilliant Analogy Sums Up the Insidiousness of Victim-Blaming!

            Cheers,
            RA
            P.s A thief is a thief, no but, no if, no bias

  • Acria

    Selam Awate Team,

    I am not sure if I read this article before; yet, after 15 years, it is retrospectively applicable to this day. You stated in your above article: “We need partners who would work for peace; we know you are out there…will you join us?”. It looks like we might have an answer to our cry for peace with the election of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. I would like to thank to the struggle of the Ethiopian people, especially the youth, who forced change in the EPRDF government.

    I hope the people of the Horn of Africa can force our respective governments to continue to forge forces of peace for generations to come. Let’s not forget that lasting peace can only be achieved if people inside each country can live with full democracy and with constitutionally full rule of law. No more to war, to dictatorship, to tribalism, to agitators! Yes to peace, to justice, to freedom of speech, to freedom of press, to freedom of religion, and to freedom of assembly.