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Book Review: Eritrea-Inception and Consolidation of Dictatorship

Published 2020, Uppsala Sweden. Text in Tigrinya.
ISBN: 978-91-519-5571-1
Pp. 365 plus list of references. 

Reviewed by Tekeste Negash
Emeritus Professor

July 24, 2020

This book, Rezene Tesfazion,( RT) explains in the introduction, is about life in exile. It explores the political reason (underground political activities in Asmara before 1974) as the main reason for exile. It is about life in Sweden and the generosity of people and institutions which inspired him to write about his childhood. It is about his political activity with the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front (EPLF) and the support he gave until its regression to decay.

It is about the problems created by internal dictatorship which in turn destroyed the faith that he had on the Eritrean People´s Liberation Front [EPLF which changed its name in 1994 to Peoples Front for democracy and Justice, PFDJ]. Although he is  proud of his contribution to the goal of the struggle for national independence, he has been forced to revise his support to that organization (for what it is doing to his people) and he is determined, (even at his old age) to fight for justice, human rights and constitutional government in Eritrea.

Does the book live up to its promises?

Reviewing this book is a great pleasure and a very difficult task all at the same time. Rezene is a very good friend. When I first came to Sweden in the spring of 1977 to find out how good the country was for me, I stayed with him and his family for two weeks. And when six months later I decided to move to Sweden for good, I stayed at his home for the second time until I could get my own accommodation. The whole process took two weeks. Politically, we were both members of the Eritreans for Liberation in Europe. I left the organization by the end of 1977 but Rezene and I remained friends; he respected my views (Eritrea had no reason to break away from Ethiopia) and I respected his views as a staunch supporter of the EPLF, until 2001. Although I pushed him very hard to write his political autobiography, and I am very glad that he did, he did not want me to read drafts of the book. I only saw few pages of chapter 8 on his school years in the early 1960s. He did not allow me to read it beforehand because, I suspect, that he knew or felt that I would raise serious questions as to his narrative style of mixing dates and experiences.

I have designed the review of this book as follows: First, I shall summarize each chapter, partly to do it justice and partly for the benefit of those readers not fluent in Tigrinya. I shall put my comments as footnotes. Second, I shall evaluate the book as a whole with the firm belief that this book is RT´s first but not his last. RT has a great potential and I urge him to continue to write.

The book has 25 chapters.

In chapter one on: Inception and consolidation of dictatorship, RT tells the story of how he was mobilised in 1972 by his friend (Asmerom Haile, a martyr)  RT describes his place of birth and the valley of Gemni (located few kilometres south of his village) where his family cultivated a plot of land. The valley of Gemni is located on the Eastern escarpment landscape (commonly known as Bahri and what the Italians called pendici orientale) a valley that is approximately 300 kilometres long and about 20 kilometres wide. Many farmers from the highlands of Hamassien and Akeleguzay were compelled to cultivate in the eastern escarpment because their plots in their highland villages were too small. The family of RT had perhaps more reason than others because, his family was unusually large, with ten surviving children to feed.

RT describes in idyllic terms the conditions of life on the Eastern escarpment valley (Bahri). There were no permanent settlements in the valley only cultivation plots. Cultivators arrived from the various villages in the surrounding highlands and were assigned their plots by villages chiefs. The practice of highlands farmers cultivating the valley at the Eastern escarpments started long before the arrival of Italian colonial rule. A family had the right to cultivate the same plot but forfeits its right if it fails to cultivate the plot on regular basis. The Eastern escarpment (Bahri)  is often foggy and gets good rains between October and May. The Eastern escarpment is neither hot as in the lowlands (below 500 meters above sea level) nor cold as in the highlands (above 2000 meters above sea level).

RT writes that cultivators of the Eastern escarpment (Bahri) went about their lives with great confidence and security and with great harmony until the arrival of the EPLF in the early 1970s and its consolidation of power in the 1990s. And finally, in 2012, the notorious dictator of the country (Isaias Afewerki) forced all those who cultivated on the Bahri to move back to their villages in the highlands fully aware that their livestock would die due to lack of feed. The act of Isaias is much worse than what the Ethiopian regimes did in the Eastern escarpment. Isaias forced families to die of hunger. He could do so on the argument that the land which belongs to the state (indirectly to him) would be used for better purposes such as tourism. His action has forced many young people to leave Eritrea in desperation.

RT  writes (p.6) that the land policy of Isaias is based on a sinister logic: he knows that land is the pride of every Eritrean and by depriving an Eritrean of his land, he has forced many Eritreans to migrate via the desert of the Sudan into the Libyan waters and to their death. RT draws a direct correlation between government confiscation of land and youth migration of Eritrean youth to North Africa and the Mediterranean. RT writes that what the EPLF did to his parents (pushing them out of their lands) is comparable to what the Italians did in Eritrea few years after the occupation of the country. RT relies on Tesfaye Gebreab’s historical novel where he wrote that Bahta Hagos rebelled against the Italians because they confiscated his land[1].

Tesfaye Gebreab tells a story of an Eritrean mother who lost her child to a hyena while migrating away from her hunger-stricken village of Halhal (Bogos) region to Massawa. This took place between 1888 and 1890, when Eritrea was a war ground between the Ethiopian state (with its capital at Mekelle) and Egypt (1875/6) and Italy (1887). Moreover, Eritrea was the first region to be severely hit by the Great Ethiopian Famine (1888-1892).

RT connects what happened to the mother in the late 1880s with what happened to his nephew in 2000s. His nephew was attacked by a hyena while fleeing from the clutches of EPLF (PFDJ).

RT further argues that in the 1880s the Eritrean mother fled from the political rule of Tigray and other natural calamities to what she considered to be  safe haven – at that time it was Massawa and the Red Sea. Making the connection, RT wrote that (p.8) like the Eritrean mother of the 1880s, the Eritrean youth of today are fleeing from the oppression (that includes imprisonment, physical punishment, hunger and thirst, death and gross violations of human by rights) perpetuated by an internal enemy, PDFJ and its absolute leader Isaias Afewerki[2].

RT writes on p. 8 and 9 that we know that the PDFJ and its leader are deeply engaged in undermining the national political identity that the Eritrean people paid dearly with their blood. We also know the regime and its leader have uprooted the people from their ancestral lands and created mistrust and suspicion among them. But what we do not as yet know is why the regime of Isaias is committing so much violence on people who through their sacrifices brought him to power.

All the examples of the violence, RT continues, have their origin in the 1970s when the group led by Isaias Afewerki (known as Peoples liberation Front, group two). This group was also known as the Karneshim group, because it was active on the Eastern escarpment valley where Rezene´s parents had their cultivation plots). The Eastern escarpment had been used as a place of refuge for political bandits (in the 1940s) but such activities did not disturb the equilibrium that existed in the villages. The political bandits of the 1940s had higher moral code than the People’s liberation front led by Isaias Afewerki. RT mentions a case where the group of Isaias punished an entire family because (Keleta Tekle) one of its members (pp. 11 and 12) abandoned it and submitted to Ethiopian authorities; Isaias Afewerki confiscated all the animals of the family (a pair of oxen and some sheep and goats) and thus condemned the family to lasting poverty.

The long arms of the Isaias group also reached Ainialem (the brother of RT) who was a friend of the runaway Keleta Tekle. Ainalem was severely beaten and he was tied to a tree and left there to die. He was discovered by another battalion of Isaias Afewerki and was saved. RT was asked to persuade his brother to break clean from the Isaias Afewerki group. But Ainalem refused saying that the struggle for independence was correct that he was mistakenly accused and beaten (p.21). And RT who sympathised with the Isaias Afewerki group agreed with the decision of his brother. Ainalem joined the Isaias group and was killed in battle in 1976. RT´s other two brothers who also joined EPLF were killed in 1977 and 1985 respectively.

RT retells a fascinating story (p.16) on the relations between the EPLF and the people of Afdeyu (one of the villages on the Bahri. This was in 1978. The people of Afdeyu were forced to provide food and other provisions to the EPLF front by night. And the opinion of the people of Afdeyu was that there would be neither peace nor security if these people (EPLF) ever come to power and thus the people prayed that these people would never succeed. Another story from the countryside of Karneshim told in 1980s describes the differences between the ELF and the EPLF. The general opinion of the people of Karneshim was that one could reason with the ELF (because they understood the mentality of the population) but not with the EPLF led by Isaias Afewerki. The EPLF led by Isaias defeated the ELF with the support of the Tigrean Peoples Liberation Front because he wanted to be the sole front in the country and not because of the political or ideological differences between the two organizations. So eventually, the Eritrean people were left with one dominant organization led by an absolute dictator.

RT writes that the strategies of manipulating people that Isaias refined during the last fifty years were conceived in the 1970s in his village of Gemni[3].

In chapter two RT reconstructs his first acquaintance with the Eritrean Liberation Front, that is in the beginning of the 1970s. he was in Asmara and he was secretly and slowly introduced to the operations of the Eritrean Liberation Front. His friend Tamrat Debas was eventually arrested in 1973 and since then he felt that his life was in danger. Once arrested Tamart Debas was after the legally required investigation, brought to court where he could defend himself through his own lawyer. Like Gaim Kibreab (2009) before him RT writes on page 36 that the dispensation of justice was much better under the enemy rule (meaning the Ethiopian government) than that put into effect by the Eritrean government that has been in power since 1991. Explaining why he was attracted to the Eritrean liberation movement; RT mentioned the lowering of the Eritrean flag and the abolition of the federation[4].

In chapter three RT writes about the silent police harassment based on the fact that he was a friend of some people put in prison for political reasons. The police had no evidence, but they used his connection with suspected friends for extortion/protection purposes. While under the subtle harassment from the police, RT describes in chapter four (pages 39-48) a most fascinating part of his early adulthood. He was active in the Young Orthodox Tewahido Church movement, first as a self-made preacher and later as an officer of the organization. RT tells about the involvement of the state in the movement and the remarkable support that the movement had among the youth of Asmara, especially those around the neighbourhood of the main central Church, namely, St Mary Church. The youth movement had its own newspapers and a radio station. This chapter is by far one of the best written both in composition and coherence.

It was quite logical for the police to suspect RT because several of his friends were in prison charged with political subversive activities – which at that meant secret support of the Eritrean Liberation Movement. RT had every reason to feel worried – prison life is bad everywhere. Yet it has to mentioned that going to jail during the imperial period (that is up to September 1974) was very different from going to jail during the first three years of power vacuum, that is from end of 1974 until 1979[5].

In chapter five, RT writes about the development of sports in general and that of football in particular. RT writes that Eritrea under colonial rule (Italian, British and Ethiopian) had a proud history of sports from the 1940s but this positive development was crushed since it became independent. RT compares the status of sports before 1991 and after 1991 and he states very clearly that the pre 1991 era was better (p. 49).

RT appears to follow an autobiographical praxis (where experiences are accounted in chronological order) but not consistently. Here is an example from p. 49. Relying on Teklit Lijam´s book on the history of football in Eritrea, RT writes that the head of the Eritrean police forced the major Eritrean football teams to change their names. The famous team of Hamassien assumed a new name – Asmara football club. This was done in 1963. [RT does not explain the reasons for the change of names. The government of the day was worried that these football teams had become expressions of provincialism and it was an attempt to fight it that the teams were forced to change their names.] In the same paragraph, RT accuses Isaias and his regime for abolishing the old historical names of the regions and provinces and for introducing new structures without the consultation of people. It is quite a long harangue of how evil the dictator Isaias and his regime are to the people of Eritrea. From the early 1970s, the Eritrean police were effective in hunting those young people who showed any sign of support of the Eritrean liberation struggle. Those who were caught were given stiff punishment and many young people either kept their mouths shut or left the country.[6] RT had every right to fear for his security.

Nevertheless, RT writes a fascinating incident where he was blackmailed to bribe a couple of policemen for the simple reason that his friends were in jail for political reasons. RT describes the judicial system that existed in Eritrea until 1974 and he compares it with the system of PFDJ and Isaias Afewerki. Once again, RT states clearly that the system of justice was much better than that exists in independent Eritrea ruled by PFDJ and its leader.

In chapter six RT tells the story of how he managed to get a letter of invitation (to attend a Bible School in Sweden) through his good friend Tesfay Haregot. RT was a very privileged man. He went to Addis Ababa and acquired a passport within one day because he carried with him a letter of recommendation from Asmara. RT had contacts both in Asmara and Addis Ababa who facilitated the acquisition of passport and visa[7]. RT left Asmara on January 16, 1974 and arrived in Sweden – a country that was quite different from what he imagined it to be by judging the behaviour of few Swedish missionaries in Eritrea. RT described in graphic terms his first impressions in Sweden in general and how a Swedish nurse Ester Höglund’s simple act of buying him a fur hat made him think of the first years of his school life.

The first part of chapter 8 is by far the best. RT writes with great eloquence and flow his first years of middle school (from grade 5 to grade 8) in the early 1960s in Asmara. He commuted (weekly) from his village about 20 kilometres distance) to Asmara and stayed in a rented room together with his other school mate. RT tells moving stories of the motherly care that he got from his Muslim landlady and that she treated him as one of her sons. But then RT leaves the subject and the period and writes extensively on the terror that is being unleashed by EPLF/PFDJ- a dictatorship that amounts to slavery or in the words of RT nab barnet zigemagem nabra (p.81). Such conditions are manifested by the shortage of basic goods such as food, water and other policies that forced people to leave their country.

RT discusses the relations (pp.82-3) between the people of Azien and the EPLF from 1975 onwards and sweeps the period and comes to the 1998 war and its impact on land ownership. And then he goes back to the 1960s to the conflict between SEDAO (with its dam for hydropower) and the people of Azien. In the same paragraph RT recounts that the people of Azien had the right to use the lands on the fringes of the sea for cultivation and pasture but are now (since the last ten years) forbidden by the PFDJ government. RT cites Zemihret Yohannes – on Italian colonialism in Eritrea and accuses him of not commenting the current policy of the PFDJ on land policy. RT criticism is wrong because Zemihret did not study the current policy. RT accuses Zemihret of complicity, because Zemihrtet is still working for the government.

The harangue on Isaias (from page 80 to 85 was completely un-necessary and it broke the flow of the autobiography.

RT and his friend stayed at the house of Adey Tsehaitu his Muslim landlady for one year free of rent.

RT (p.87) jumps from the 1960s to 1976 and comments on the political literature that he read in Sweden as a member of the EPLF. It is so confusing[8]. RT could have written a very captivating chapter if he could put his concentration on the topic and the period.

On chapter nine RT started the story of his first days in Sweden in a beautiful way- describing the family of Ester Höglund, his first day in school, his encounter with a one year child, his description of the school system and then he jumps to the 1990s (page 93) and discusses the cultural politics of EPLF with Yemane Gebreab (the second most powerful man in the Eritrean government) roaming around Europe mobilizing Eritrean youth.

In the following chapter RT writes about his first encounter with Christmas in Uppsala, his friends and the entire story of how he applied for political asylum and how and why he got his Swedish passport is all exciting and told very well. RT makes a cheap point on p.109. If someone wants to apply for Swedish citizenship, one has to produce a document of identity. A person who cannot produce an identity of origin has to wait for eight years before he gets her/his citizenship. But if you produce one (the EPLF would give you one on the condition that you paid 2% of your income to EPLF) you would get your citizenship in five years. RT blames all those Eritreans who choose the short cut. RT (p.114) paid 2% from 1991 until 2000. He broke with the EPLF soon after the arrest of the G 15 on September 18, 2001.

Chapter 11 is supposed to describe RT’s relations with the Eritreans for Liberation in Europe movement but says very little on the subject. It is however in this chapter that RT admits that he was a staunch supporter of the EPLF, and he is happy to get the opportunity to regret the shameful position he had. RT could have told us how he thought and acted from 1975 until 1981, when he first visited the Eritrean liberated zones as a member of the EPLF mass organization. He could have told us what he thought about the Eritreans for Liberation in Europe and about the conflict between EPLF and the Eritrean Liberation Front (ELF) and the role he played when the EPLF decided to wage a total war of annihilation against the ELF with the support of the Tigrean People’s Liberation Front. Chapter 11 is neither an account of his activities ordered chronologically from 1975 onwards nor a chronological account of the development of EPLF from 1975 onwards.

Under the title:  Consolidation of Dictatorship, RT writes about his visit to Eritrea in July 2001 where there was relatively open political climate in the country. There were several free newspapers and people were talking loudly about corruption the suppressed constitution. The G15- a group of high-level politicians who made their critical views open was quite well known in Asmara. RT (p.140) was informed that the government would take action against the G15 and RT claims that he expressed his views to his informant. RT finds problematic the position of former EPLF politicians who now have joined the opposition camp. He accused them of not burying their past crimes; they need to reconcile with themselves, ask pardon from the people.

This is a very short chapter (made up of six pages) where RT tried to prove that it was in the summer of 2001 that the dictatorship of Isaias Afewerki was fully consolidated.

Making use of the relatively open political climate that prevailed from the peace agreement with Ethiopia in July 2000 until September 18, 2001, RT expressed his political views and went to the extent as saying (p.141) that if the G15 were arrested the consequences would be bad for the country and the responsibility for the failure of solving this problem peacefully would rest on the shoulders of the president[9].

RT believes (p.142) in a rather naïve way that the change that would eventually come would have nothing to do with the system that was built over half a century by Isaias. He argues that it is only when the culture and the institutions created by EPLF are completely destroyed that we would get peace.

On chapter 13- Break up of Eritrean organizations in the diaspora – RT reconstructs the development of Diaspora Eritreans political engagement with the armed fronts at home. The Eritrean in Europe and North America were at first supporters of the ELF, but since the formation of the Eritrean liberation Forces led by Isaias and Osman Saleh Sabbe, the Eritreans were divided into two factions; those who supported ELF and those who supported EPLF. RT (p.153) admits openly that he supported the views of the EPLF (in the front) in the internal struggle between Osman Saleh Sabbe and EPLF. That was in March 1976. That is the best paragraph, because it is here that he writes about his political make up during those years. He wrote that he did not have his own opinion and he did not fight for a critical support. Although not a member of the EPLF mass organizations, he followed the orders coming from the EPLF itself.

The violations of human rights is the title for chapter 14 and Rt reconstructs the campaign against Jehovah witnesses carried out by the government in Eritrea. He compares the regime of Isaias with that of the Nazis– sees parallels if not direct comparison. He then draws sweeping conclusion that Isaias was set to destroy the country’s identity after cheating people that he was fighting for the independence of Eritrea. RT mentions the statement of Isaias: that the Eritrean and Ethiopian people are one people (p. 163; and p. 161). It is a long jump and the comparison is not fully discussed[10]. RT (p.174) praised the struggle conducted by the Catholic Church (in defence of the entire population). Rt mentioned the 2014 pastoral letter with the title (Where is your brother) as a delayed punishment, the Isaias government closed 29 clinics operated by the Catholic Church. RT also mentioned the persecution of Muslims and the Muslim school in Akria, Asmara. Its founder Hajji Musa Mohammed Nur aged 94 was put in jail and died there.

Elaborating on the catalogue of violations, RT mentioned how, the government forced people to pay for the homes they built before 1991. Isaias destroyed homes on the grounds that they were built without proper permits; he destroyed Asmara by total neglect; he does not like -Asmara and Asmara does not like him.

RT concluded the chapter by a quote from the book by Berhane Abrehe, (2018) former minister of finance and now in jail, where he wrote that PFDJ has failed to work for the interest of the people and that Isaias is fully aware of the bankruptcy of his creation- the PFDJ.

In the following chapter with the capturing title: Dictatorship marches on, RT cites from a book by Tsegu Fessehaye, in 2014 on the Secret party of the EPLF where the author states that the only gain of the Eritrean liberation struggle was the achievement of the independence of Eritrea. As to the liberation of the people, RT writes, the project has been hijacked by Isaias and his group and now the Eritrean people find themselves under conditions of slavery (p.181). RT digresses from the topic and tells a story of his travel to Eritrea in 1981 to participate in all Eritrean Students association. And in the process of telling the story he explained the rise and fall of the Eritreans for Liberation in North America. The Eritrean associations (both for men and women) broke with the EPLF because the latter failed to condemn the USSR as a revisionist and anti-Eritrean. The EPLF ignored the decision of the Eritreans in North America, which led to the dissolution of the organization. Eventually, the EPLF managed to bring back most of the Eritreans to the fold without itself changing its position on the Soviet Union.

RT concluded this digression and seemed to continue the main story of the 1981 meeting but diverges again and begins to tell a new story as to what happened in 1992. It is so confusing.  RT (p.192) returns to the main story of his participation in the congress of Associations of Eritrean students and he reported that he voted for those people whose names were put forwarded by the EPLF. One of them was Hagos Gebrehiwet (Kisha) who is still the right-hand man and cashier of Isaias Afewerki. RT says that he was an accomplice to the manifestation of dictatorship.

RT talks quite a lot about the formation of community on chapter 16 although the title of the chapter was on the Red Star invasion and its defeat[11]. In the first part of chapter 17, RT does an excellent job describing the development and spread of Eritrean community Associations from 1986 onwards. Although such associations had by, Swedish law, to affirm that they were free from any political interference and affiliation, everyone knew that these were pro-EPLF organizations. The chapter discusses the reception of an EPLF music and cultural delegation (made up of more than 20 people) in 1989, where the Eritrean communities association in Sweden (ECS) with RT in the centre played important role. The support to the Eritrean EPLF cultural group was immense and RT mobilised the best superlatives that he could master to praise it. RT documented the role of ECS (Eritrean communities in Sweden) in helping Eritreans to integrate into the Swedish society and also in negotiating with Swedish authorities on behalf of those Eritreans who were denied asylum soon after the independence of Eritrea in 1991. But in the middle of this chapter RT devoted several pages demonising Isaias for putting in jail (without trial of course) one of the most famous musicians who visited Sweden in 1989.

RT ignores chronology and its narrative value by constantly jumping from the period he promised to discuss to the current policies of Isaias. And his hatred of Isaias is so deep that he never runs short of words to describe his evil deeds[12].

RT devoted a couple of pages to discuss the cruelty of Isaias in the case of Senait Debassay – the famous EPLF fighter musician that visited Sweden in 1989. He accuses Isaias as the evil person who is determined to destroy the Eritrean family, by jailing Senait, the mother of three children. But RT cannot explain the fact that the husband of Senait is a high ranking official and still in Asmara serving loyally the regime of Isaias.

ECS (Eritrean communities in Sweden) according to RT worked very hard to create a good environment for the evolution of stable Eritrean family in Sweden through seminars and meetings. ECS worked with the Eritrean youth and did what it could to build up their moral. RT writes in the same paragraph (p.255) : “Now when I hear that Yemane Gebreab comes to Sweden to inculcate love of country and unity of the Eritrean people, I feel moral anguish because what he would do is to tell the greatness of his boss the dictator and I ask myself how much the brains of these parents are removed from the truth”.

RT presents the activities of the ECS from 1989 until 1996 where it was used as an instrument of the sinister policies of Isaias. RT was informed in 1996 (p.234) of the dictatorial nature of Isaias by the Swedish delegation that came to Asmara from Addis Ababa. Instead of investigating the allegations thoroughly, RT decided to write a public letter against the negative Swedish policy on Eritrea. RT continued to support EPLF until September 2001.

The following chapter 18 was planned to discuss what happened after the liberation of Massawa in early months of 1990. But RT says nothing about it. Instead he talks about the sixth invasion (1982) and EPLF praxis of forced recruitment. He admits that there were people who were forced to join the EPLF against their wishes. (p.247). And he jumps to 1994 when he visited Eritrea for the second time since independence[13].

RT described the pride he felt with the military success of the EPLF during the capture of Massawa in 1990 but concentrates on the role played by an EPLF fighter Tesfazion Teklemariam (P.249-51) in defending Bure and capturing Massawa. RT writes ECS efforts to send two Swedish journalists to Eritrea in 1989 but this was rejected by the EPLF officers in Sweden and Norway. RT (p. 253) praises to the skies the fighter Tesfazion Tekelmariam and recalls his meeting with him in 1994 and his vision for a bright Eritrea, but RT does not problematise the harsh fact that some of the soldiers of EPLF who sacrificed their lives might have been those recruited by force, that is against their will. RT (p. 254) is fascinated with war stories and he accuses the EPLF government of building a monument to the plastic sandals used by the fighters instead of building monuments for people like Tesfazion Tekelmariam. RT (p.254). continues to rumble on his party’s (Eritrean People’s Democratic Party resolution of 10 July 2019) to respect the decision of parents to choose the place of burial of their dead relatives. Then RT comments on how Isaias treated the dead body of Naizghi Kiflu, who died in London, but his relatives were refused permission to bury him in Eritrea. RT describes the evilness of Isaias Afewerki paragraph after paragraph and concludes the chapter on the occupation of Massawa in February 1990 by stressing once again the role Tesfazion Tekelmariam played in its realization.

Chapter 18 contains 45 paragraphs. More than a third of these paragraphs (18 of them) are variations of condemnations of Isaias Afewerki. The chapter is expected to give an account of RT´s reading of Eritrean political and military situation from 1989 to February 1990. Instead of keeping to the timeline and do what he promised, RT diverges far and wide and used his rich and fertile imagination to describe Isaias, the inhuman dictator. RT calls Isaias a traitor twice on p.257 and 258.

Chapter 19 on the fate of Eritrean community organizations in Sweden is by far the most coherent chapter but quite difficult to follow because it is poorly connected to chapter 17. At any rate, the leaders of the EPLF mass organizations (students, women and workers) used the opportunities available in the Nordic countries and formed community organizations with the objective of providing assistance and advice to their members. From the perspective of the Swedish government, there was a strong belief that community organizations were good channels of communication between the state and the foreign communities living in Sweden. Foreign community organisations, such as the Eritrean organizations were not political organizations; their objective was to inform, protect and advise Eritreans living in Sweden of how best they can cope with their lives in Sweden.

RT was a member of the EPLF mass organization and in that capacity,  he visited Eritrea in 1981. So, in 1986, RT and his friends felt ready to both transform the EPLF mass organization into a community organization partly in order to access the funds that they got from the Swedish state to run their activities. [The Swedish government paid ten times more for every penny that members of the Eritrean community organization paid as membership fee] From 1986 until 1990, there was no conflict between the EPLF office and the Eritrean community organizations. Problems arose soon after the victory of Massawa where the EPLF decided that the Mass organizations that were first established in 1978 were no longer needed. By this time, the Eritrean community organizations in Sweden were beginning to demonstrate their usefulness to their members in particular and to the country in general. The Eritrean community organizations in Sweden were about to challenge the workings of the EPLF office in the Nordic countries from a base of strength – they could access money from the Swedish state as long as they have sufficient members.

Chapter 19 tells in great detail the contradictions between the autonomous Eritrean community organizations to engage the EPLF office on democratic grounds and the ambition of the EPLF for complete obedience to a chain of command that starts with Isaias and the secret political party[14].

On chapter 20 under the title: Dictatorship in the open, RT attempts to reconstruct the relations between ECS and the newly established government of Eritrea. In 1992, the office of the EPLF in Stockholm dismantled officially the Eritrean community organizations. And proposed a new form of affiliation. RT is very furious partly because he was the chairman of the Uppsala Stockholm branch and partly because the ECS had a series of activities that did not contradict their allegiance to the EPLF. But the EPLF office wanted to recruit new supporters and the euphoria around formal independence gave them the moral right to reorganize Eritreans in the diaspora.

This chapter, like the other chapters, does not tell the story and the process of dismantlement straightforward. It diverges (by commenting on Isaias visit to Addis Ababa in 2018) and about the secret political party (RT did not know about the existence of this party until April 1994) and he puts the blame [virtually for everything) on the shoulders of Isaias, his secret party and his employees. In a very short section (five pages) RT manages to include negative comments on Isaias not less than eleven times.

In 1992, the highly weakened ECS had ambitious anti-HIV programs that involved the participation of Swedish experts, but this was rejected by the provisional government of Eritrea. RT is convinced that this was done because the EPLF leaders did have the interests of their people at heart.

RT writes in a beautiful manner the efforts the ECS took in order to build homes (for its members) in Eritrea and the difficulties it encountered. RT is convinced that the Mafia type government of Isaias did everything to discourage the accumulation of capital and the participation of Eritrean diaspora in the economy. RT asks rhetorically of why all the Eritrean opposition groups failed to work together. He answers the question: Because the opposition parties have political ambitions in a post-Isaias Eritrea.

Referendum as a solution to a political/military conflict is the subject of chapter 21. RT (p.292) writes that the idea of a referendum (or solving the Eritrea issue by referendum) did not start in 1993 but had a long history. He mentions the position of the EPLF in 1980/81 which proposed referendum as a solution to the armed struggle between Eritrea and Ethiopia. Eritrean people would be asked to choose between, i) union with Ethiopia; ii) federation with Ethiopia or, iii) independence. The EPLF supporters in Sweden, led by people like RT believed that in the unlikely event of referendum being held, EPLF inside and outside would campaign for independence.

RT supported the 1980 position of the EPLF on referendum as a solution at that time[15]. Forty years later, RT writes that the referendum proposal of 1980 was a sinister plan of Isaias and it is part of his strategy of uniting Eritrea to Ethiopia. As a prime evidence RT cited the interview given by Mesfin Hagos towards the end of 2018 where he stated that Isaias informed the EPLF inner circle of his plan to build a united government together with Ethiopia. The now most incriminating statement of Isaias of July 14, 2018 – Eritrean and Ethiopian people are one people in two countries is taken as further evidence of his sinister plan of uniting Eritrea to Ethiopia (p. 295)[16].

RT admits that he supported Isaias and his EPLF for over 25 years until he realised in 2001 that Isaias was a traitor leading the country to destruction. He left the EPLF and started immediately to fight against Isaias with the same vigour as before. RT allows himself the right to change his opinion, but he does not allow others to do so. There could hardly be any connection between the 1980 EPLF referendum proposal and the statement made by Isaias in 2018.

RT (.p.298) defines those who support Isaias as those who sold themselves to slavery. The rest of the chapter is a good description of the referendum process of 1993 where Eritreans in the Nordic countries (nearly 6000 of them) voted. RT describes his role and intimates that he had unresolved issues with the EPLF office as regards the fate of the ECS.

The dismantling of the ECS is continued on chapter 23. Riding on the euphoric environment connected to the independence of Eritrea, the office of the Eritrean government wanted to capture as many Eritreans as possible and without any interference from the ECS. RT does a great job in documenting in detail the campaign carried out by the Provisional government in Eritrea. By 1993 and during the celebration party of the outcome of the referendum, the Provisional Government of Eritrea announced that it would create a mass organization that would be all inclusive. The ECS, founded by RT and his companions were described as divisive and incompetent.

RT gives an account an account of the contradictions between the perceptions of the Eritrean community associations in Sweden and in other parts of Europe and their reception in Eritrea. It was during this time that the death of both mass organizations and the hybrid Eritrean community organizations was announced. It was also during this congress held in Nakfa in 1994 that Isaias announced the existence of a secret political party formed in April 1971. Isaias announced the dismantlement of the secret party in the congress held in Nakfa in 1994.

RT as usual diverges and he shows a result of his careful search on the identity of Isaias Afewerki – whether he was fully Eritrean or not. Affirming that Isaias is “fully Eritrean”, RT accuses him of committing the sin of silence; his refusal to set the record right and his decision to let others spend their energies fighting among themselves concerning his identity.

The fate of ECS is another beautifully constructed story of the relations between the ECS and the provisional government of Eritrea. The ECS had written a letter of protest to the national congress held at Nakfa in 1994. Nothing happened then. But in June 1994, RT as an official of the ECS went to Eritrea and to get some answers to their letter of protest. The encounter between RT and the EPLF bureaucracy is indeed fascinating to read. After being harassed in all subtle ways, RT finally met the vice minister of foreign affairs who assured them the government would send a committee to investigate the case between the Embassy and the ECS.

The government did indeed send a committee and investigated the matter and gave a verdict in support of the views of the embassy and that the letter of protest send by the ECS contained elements that throw suspicion against the activities and actions of the Eritrean government that there might be ground to bring those who wrote it to court.

Sometime later, in 1995, a new ambassador arrived (Ambassador Adhanom Gebremariam) accompanied by Petros Solomon the Minister of Foreign Affairs. RT was assured both by the new ambassador and the Minister of Foreign Affairs that, the embassy would spare no effort to facilitate their work. RT´s faith on the EPLF was by and large restored until it crumbled on September 18, 2001 on the aftermath of the arrest of the G15.

In the last chapter 25, RT writes that for a short time the relations between the Embassy in Stockholm and the ECS were good but soon deteriorated. RT describes the roles of the former Eritrean ambassadors to Sweden in a sharp and uncompromising language. The relations between the Eritrean ambassadors and the Eritrean people is similar to that of the relations between the Amhara colonial rulers and the Eritrean people. The Amhara colonial rulers were more interested on the land of Eritrea and not its people[17].  Likewise, and even worse, the Eritrean ambassadors are servants of their dictator and are busily engaged in the destruction of Eritrean culture of autonomy. RT leaves the performance of the Eritrean ambassadors in Sweden aside and reviews the destructive policies of Isaias and his supporters from 1991 until the end of 2018. RT accuses Isaias for what he said about the state of the economy in Eritrea[18]. RT argued that Eritrea could have had a thriving economy had it not been for the anti-development policies of Isaias. As usual RT never runs out of negative words to describe the evil intentions of Isaias. Squeezed in between the pages of this last chapter is a fascinating encounter between RT and Ambassador Adhanom Gebremariam in Asmara in 2001, RT´s last visit to Eritrea. Ambassador Adhanom saw to it that RT´s youngest brother could take a leave to visit his mother; RT has lost three brothers in the war for the liberation of Eritrea.

RT describes what happened in Eritrea since 2001 as a tragedy where Isaias pursued economic policies which led to the destruction of the material basis of Eritrea. The question is whether he is incompetent concerning the management of an economy or whether his policies are deliberately designed to destroy the country and its population. The 2018 peace treaty with Ethiopia has led nowhere, apart from showing his inclinations to betray Eritrea.

RT concludes this chapter in a language used by preachers rather by seasoned politicians. Here is my free translation: “Eritrea would be freed from its corrupted leaders and achieve a state where honey and milk would flow and where, famine, thirst and lack of clothing would be things of the past and where our traditional cultural values would be revived, and within a short time experience real development. Our hope and faith is based on a vision towards peace and development; the dark forces of power would be defeated by the forces that respect liberation and human rights” (p.363).

Concluding remarks

The book is neither a political autobiography nor a treatise on Eritrean politics and society. It contains some autobiographical material (the table of contents gives the impression) but this material is mixed up with views and comments that do not take into account the opinions of others. It contains elements of political treatise, but this is not carried out systematically. Let me take chapter 18 as an example. RT set out to discuss what happened in Eritrea from 1989 to 1990.  But he does not. He anchors the chapter on Tesfazion Teklemariam an EPLF fighter who played a very decisive role in the liberation of Massawa and who died in the 1998-2000 war. The capture of Massawa was an achievement that RT is extremely proud and there is no doubt that RT is one of those who glorify the military valour of the EPLF. But here RT fails to give some credit to Isaias Afewerki as the supreme commander of the Eritrean Liberation Army. RT undermines his own case by losing a perspective that is so obvious and clear. No matter how much RT hates Isaias (and I am utterly  surprised by the amount of hate that RT demonstrated in this book) he has to credit him for the leadership he provided up to independence. Reading the book, I sometime wonder whether RT has forgotten the fact that he was a loyal supporter of the EPLF system (including its leader Isaias Afewerki) for more than 25 years.

RT is not the only person writing very critically about Eritrea. But I have yet to find a person who hates so much as RT. I think this is unfortunate. It is the preacher in him that has blinded him so much that he seems to be fully unaware that many innocent people are included in his blanket condemnation of “Isaias and his one-man rule”. Because it is not true. There are Eritreans who see some logic in serving under Isaias – probably driven by the same logic that RT had when he was a blind supporter of the EPLF itself. This reality introduces a new complexity to Eritrea and its future. Eritrea is not simply under the iron rule of one dictator but is under a system that made possible the inception and consolidation of dictatorship. So, it is not simply a question of pushing Isaias out through the window but of changing a system of governance that was built though the last fifty years by active support of people like RT himself. The death or disappearance of Isaias would not necessarily lead to democratic transition.

Every chapter is unfortunately kidnapped by RT´s boundless hatred of Isaias and his system. This is a great pity. Because RT has a great deal to tell about his life and career in Sweden, a story of great importance for thousands of Eritreans in and out of Eritrea. RT used his engagement with Eritrean politics to accumulate enough experience and deep knowledge of the workings of the Swedish society. RT is one of the very few people who succeeded to maintain a healthy balance between political activism, family life and academic career. He was awarded a second degree in Social anthropology at Uppsala University in 1985. His commitment to the Swedish Social Democratic party and system is deep and profound. In 2002 RT was voted to the Swedish Parliament by his constituency in Uppsala, Sweden. He is still serving his party in various functions. RT is a model for success and integration of Eritreans in Europe. The whole story of the build-up to this brilliant career should have been told on its own merit.

This is a big book that has a great potential. RT is an excellent writer and a seasoned politician as well. But as it stands now, the book is dominated by hate of Isaias so much that it failed to deliver what it promised, namely a political autobiography. Out of the 360 pages, I am almost certain that more than one hundred pages is a character assassination of Isaias Afewerki.

The Inception and Consolidation of Dictatorship is the first book by RT; I do really hope that it won’t be the last. RT could use the experience accumulated in writing this book as a foundation and take the courage to write at least two more books. I suggest that RT writes about his life and times from his childhood to 2001, the year he broke with the EPLF/PFDJ. He should remind himself not to pre-empt events so that he avoids the problem that he encountered in his maiden book. I also suggest that he writes a sequel to it where he dialogues with Eritreans about his political and cultural activities since 2001 without losing focus the important role he played as a member of the Swedish Social Democratic community.

[1] I do not think that the Italian occupation of land is comparable to the current Eritrean government’s policy of evicting seasonal cultivators from a government land. Moreover, the dispossession of peasant lands is a universal phenomenon which can be seen as liberating (the transformation of peasants to workers) and at times as exploitative (the transformation of peasants to tenants working their lands for the profit of landlords).

[2] From 1868 until 1889, most of what is now central Eritrea was directly administered from Tigrai. Ras Alula ruled from Asmara for the most of the 1870s and 1880s. Earlier, most of Eritrea was controlled from Gondar, which served as the capital city of the Ethiopian empire from 1632 until 1855. By linking the experience of the 1880s to what has been taking place in Eritrea in the decade 0f 2010, RT collapses a century and leaves wide open the course of history that took place in between.

[3] The first chapter covers the entire period of Isaias Afewrki’s leadership, from the beginning in the early 1970 until the present. The first chapter captures the title of the book, that is the inception and consolidation of dictatorship. This chapter pre-empts the contents of the chapters that follow and it confuses the reader as to what would follow next. This chapter could have been used as one of the concluding chapters – sort of summary of the inception and consolidation of dictatorship. As a record of political activity, RT should have followed his political developments chronologically telling us what he thought and why at the early years of the 1970s. This is important because the RT of the early 1970s was not the same RT in 1991, or in 2001 or in 2018. We are interested to follow his political developments and he has promised to deal with it. In this chapter he did not.

[4] The federation between Eritrea and Ethiopia was abolished in 1962. By 1973, RT could not really explain the damage caused by the abolition of the Federation. Admittedly, RT was quite young and busy with other more fascinating things in life (sports and religion). Even at that early period (1972-73) the organization that harassed peaceful peasants was not the Ethiopian government but the nascent armed group led by Isaias Afewerki, that came to be called the Eritrean Peoples Liberation Front.

[5] From November 1974 until the end of 1978 was very difficult period for the citizens of Eritrea. All the branches of the Ethiopian army (air Force, navy, ground forces, etc) had their own intelligence services and committed serious violations of human rights. This period is very well covered by Isak Tsegai, 2019.

[6] I also grew up in Asmara. RT is two years older than me. While RT was on the orbit of the Eritrean police, I was as far away as possible from the police. I graduated from Asmara University in 1972 and was immediately employed as a graduate assistant. RT lived a life (an officer of the famous Asmara football team and an active member of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church and was exposed to a large public, while my life was much more secluded and focussed on studying and later teaching. I was brought up to keep clear from any political activity that was not sanctioned by the Ethiopian state.

[7] Yet, nearly half a century later, RT is silent of who his protector was in Asmara. Was it Haregot Abay, the mayor of Asmara whose son Seyoum Haregot was both a minister in the Ethiopian government and married to the Ethiopian royal family?

[8] I am indeed surprised that RT did not mention the document WE AND OUR OBJECTIVES, allegedly written by Isaias Afewerki in 1971 and which functioned as a manifesto of the EPLF in its campaign of vilification against the ELF. The 1971 document was written by Christians for Christians. For a best analysis to date see John Markakis, National and Class Conflict in the Horn of Africa, Cambridge University Press, 1985:132-3.

[9] What does the arrest of the G-15 together with some journalists, the most notable of whom is Dawit Isak, mean in terms of governance? Was the measure sign of consolidation of dictatorship or a sign of weakness of the dictator?

[10] Rt writes that (p165) the Ethiopian government (when in power in Eritrea) did not condemn either the Jehovah Witnesses or the Pentecostal Churches in the same was as Isaias.

[11] In 1982, the Ethiopian government launched a multifaceted campaign to win the hearts and minds of the Eritreans people and to defeat once for all the EPLF. The Red star campaign is known by the EPLF as the sixth invasion since 1977.

[12] I am really surprised to read how much RT hates Isaias. I suppose his hatred of him has a lot to do with the fact he served him for over a quarter of a century. I do not hate Isaias, partly because I had no respect for him in the first place.

[13] When did RT know for the first time about the forced recruitment of Eritreans by both the ELF and EPLF? And how did he react to it?

[14] It was not difficult to dismantle the Eritrean community organizations in the diaspora, first because many of the members were staunch supporters of the EPLF, and secondly, there were many more Eritreans who were not captured by the community organizations. The EPLF tolerated the ECS up to 1990 because it did not have other options. EPLF dismantled it when it made sure that independence was within reach.

[15] I remember RT and I discussed the EPLF referendum proposal as a tactical move. EPLF had nothing to lose and quite a lot to gain if the Ethiopian military regime were to accept it. However, the EPLF knew that Ethiopia would reject its proposal, which it did. But Rezene supported the proposal or politics of the EPLF quite strongly.

[16] The problem of the section above is that it reads history backwards. The opinion of Isaias on Eritrean Ethiopian relations in 2018 is used as a yardstick to define his opinion on the same issue fifty years ago. In other words, if Isaias had pro Ethiopian views in 2018, it means that he must have had similar opinion when he was 19 years old.

[17] As far as I am concerned, I have not been able to find evidence when this view was stated as a policy of the Ethiopian government on Eritrea. On the other hand, there is a great deal of evidence on the special treatment of Eritrea and Eritreans during the period of Emperor Haile Selassie, 1941-1974.

[18] This was during the conference on Eritrean held in June, 1991, few weeks after the entry of EPLF to Asmara. While Eritrean experts from the diaspora were talking of making Eritrea into an African Singapore, Isaias Afewerki stated that Eritrean has no economy and that the first task is to devise an economic system that would ensure basic needs of food, education and shelter. According to my reading of Eritrean economic history, the assessment of Isaias was more realistic.

About Tekeste Negash (Prof)

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መሰል ንኽትሓትት ነጢፍካ ግቡእ ንምትግባር…

(እዚ ጽሑፍ ዕላማኡ ንኣስተንትኖ’ዩ’ሞ መዓዲ፡ ገሳጺ፡ ምናልባት’ውን ከም ገለ ክብል መሃሪ እንተ መሲሉ ሰኣን ኣኻእሎ …

  • Nitricc

    Hi All; how low can they go? you remember last weekend TPLF had a military show to intimidate the federal government and some of the Ethiopian media reported TPLF to display heavy artilleries and here it is. lol

    https://i.ibb.co/sRCwp3L/2020-08-09-130908.jpg

  • Semere Tesfai

    Selam All

    Sometimes, it exhausting to disprove something that is inherently wrong. Because when something that is inherently wrong, has been normalized for a long time, people start to accept it as something that is normal. Let me give you some examples:

    1. – ln the eyes of most people in this world, bribing government officials is wrong – because it is corruption in its ugliest form. But in the USA, bribing is legal – as long it is disclosed and taxes are paid on it. It is called campaign contribution. And there are professional people who make a living bribing American public officials – on behalf of other governments, corporations, and interest groups. They are called lobbyists. In America, bribery is so normalized, they say, “the difference between an illegal bribe and a legitimate campaign donation is often a wink and a nod”.

    2. – In the eyes of most people in this world, slavery is bad; it is inhuman; it is sadistic; it is degrading…. But when slavery was normalized in the US, many people believed (a) Negros are intellectually inferior comparing to whites (b) life is very complex and to live a good life requires a lot of thinking and a lot of hard work – which slaves lack that quality (c) Therefore negroes are happy being slaves under their slave masters, because they wouldn’t succeed in life on their own (d) Oddly enough, there were also some slaves who believed that line of thinking as well.
    Heck, we Eritreans had Pro-Italia political party in the 1950s, whom its black Eritrean members already longed their white masters. Even today, we have some weirdos who swear life under their Fascist masters was better than the PFDJ regime and they want to bring their old masters back. We’ve some who want sell Eritrea and Eritreans to Arabs, some to Ethiopia……….. Well, I think you get my drift.

    3. – When the Woyanes came to power, they normalized something that was not normal in Ethiopian politics. They legalized and normalized division of Ethiopian citizens along social and cultural cleavages. They legitimized and normalized sub-nationalism and ethnocentric politics that was taboo in Ethiopia. They deliberately divided and polarized the country along its socio-linguistic and cultural cleavages. Let me explain:

    4. – The Amara kilil is designed to benefit exclusively the Amara ethnolinguistic group. It is their (Amaras) Kilil as it is indicated by its name. In the Amara Killil, the Amaras constitute (account for) 91% of the population, 82% Christian. Now, in this polarized atmosphere, can we truly say – the minorities in this Killil – the Muslims, the Agews, the Oromos, the Qemant, the Tigreans……. who call the Amara Killil home, are feeling happy and at home? Do you believe this Killil was curved unity of Ethiopia and Ethiopians at heart? Absolutely not!

    5. – The Tigrean Killil is designed exclusively to benefit the Tigrigna speaking people of Tigray. Afterall, it is their Killil as it is indicated by its name. The region is curved in a way that is 95% Tigrigna speaking and 96% Christians. Now, can we honestly say (a) the minorities in this Killil – the Muslims, the kunamas, the Irobs, the Amaras are feeling at home? (b) Can we say with all honesty, this Killil was curved, unifying the Ethiopian people in mind? Absolutely not!

    6. – The Afar Killil is curved to benefit exclusively the Afar people. Afterall, it is their killil as it is indicated by its name. This Killil is 90% Afar, with a 96% Muslim population. Now, in this polarized country along ethnolinguistic cleavages, do you believe the Amaras, the Tigreans, the Oromos, the Wolaytas, and the Hadiyas in this Killil are happy and feeling at home?

    7. – By the same token, the Oromia Killil is 81% ethnic Oromos; the Somali Killil is 97% Somali and 99% Muslim; and the newly curved Sidama Killil is 93% Sidama – 84% Christian (Protestant) Killil.

    8. – Now, let’s assume – what’s good for the goose is good for the gunder – and ask these questions: Would the Tigreans be happy, being themselves minorities in different other Killils? Would the Amaras be happy to be minorities in different Killils? Would the Oromos be happy to be minorities in different Killils? If yes, then, for the good of the country, why don’t they do it? If no, then, why are they prescribing to others something that they believe is not good for themselves?

    9. – Am I wrong if I say (a) the Woyane engineered division of the people of Ethiopia along ethnolinguistic Killils is rewarding the big and powerful ethnolinguistic communities and punishing the small and weak ethnolinguistic ones. (b) The current ethnolinguistic Killil politics doesn’t allow a level plainfield to every Ethiopian citizen equally. (c) Ethiopian citizens from big and powerful Killils have more power and say in Ethiopian politics compared to their follow citizens from small ethnolinguistic communities. Why?

    10. – Why do you need ethnolinguistic and religious purity to a level of 90% to curve an administrative region (Killil)? Why do you name a national political Killil (region) after one ethnolinguistic community when the inhabitants (residents) of that Killil are diverse people from different ethnolinguistic communities and faiths?

    10. – Assuming the objective of dividing a country into regional administrative units is (a) to have an efficient and effective government that serves its people well (b) to have a united people under one flag – by bridging the gap (c) to eliminate all kinds of ethnic, race, religious, gender…… divisions and biases – does the current ethnolinguistic based Killil carvings accomplish those goals? I don’t think so!

    10. – Not only did the Woyanes carved Ethiopian Killils along ethnolinguistic lines, but also, the Woyanes framed Ethiopian politics, political parties and political competitions along ethnolinguistic cleavages – Amara People Party, Tigray People Party, Oromia People Party…… Now ask yourself: does anyone has any illusion, during election time, how this National political competition is going to end? If we have a Christian Party competing against a Muslim party, should we expect the Christian party (or vise versa) to concede defeat and say “see you next election”? If we have the Amara Party competing against the Tigrean Party, at the end of the election, should we expect the Amara Party (or vise versa) to concede defeat and handover power peacefully. Absolutely not!

    The point: Please abolish these ethnolinguistic Killis. They are not good for Ethiopia, and they are not good for Eritrea – as there are copycats who want to import Ethiopian ethnic politics to Eritrea – look how our opposition organizations are organized. These Ethiopian ethnolinguistic Killils were not designed with good intentions; they were not designed to unite the Ethiopian people, they were not designed to narrow the gaps and to eliminate divisions stereotypes and biases; they were not designed to make Ethiopia united strong prosperous peaceful country. They were designed to create a weak divided polarized Ethiopia – which no one wants.

    Semere Tesfai

    • David Samson

      Selam Semere,

      A commy is most likely to be:

      A student whose studies are funded by taxpayers, yet he/she hates the system that feeds him/her.

      A person who has done not any day job or most likely done some odds job.

      A hypocrite who blurts empty words but does the opposite. We know some committed commy send their children to private schools.

      Of course, some odd ones who might believe in commy.

      If people worship white people are weirdos. By the same token, people who hate white people are absolute hypocrites. If they hate white so much why do they decide to live and work with them?

      You are also a product of Ghedli and had consumed all the crape history narrated by the commies.

      If it were not for the invention of modern medicine by white men, you would not have made to your teens.

      No sane person defends colonialism but having experienced and seen life under Ghedli, we have been forced to think the unthinkable. You should feel ashamed of yourself for bringing Ghedli and its destruction to our homeland. We would have been better off under the colonialist.

      • Aligaz G

        Dave,

        I hate to jump in but you forgot commies drive a nova. And oh Btw congrats on the FA Cup. cheers

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wvoOLR9v7Ls

        • Abi

          Aligaz
          Commies drive NIVA not NOVA.
          LADA NIVA is an ugly Russian piece of something
          CHEVY NOVA is American classic!
          ወዴት ጠጋ ጠጋ
          ኮሙኒስቶች ጥጋችሁን ያዙ!

          • Aligaz G

            Leul Ras Abi,

            Au contraire mon ami – a late model Niva is a highly coveted rugged offroader wherein CC members like you are chauffeur driven. While a Chevy Nova is a boring ugly metal box, with some glass granted, meant for the masses you know the vast unperfumed proletariat like moi. But tell me why didn’t you watch the link and save me some ink?

          • Abi

            ልጅ አሊጋዝ
            ክቡርነትዎ
            MECUM Auction is what I watch when there is no soccer game like today. I’m watching Indianapolis 2019 reruns.
            Just watched a 1957 Thunderbird sold for 155,000. I love classic cars.

            I hated the Nivas growing up back in the derg days. They were a preferred cars for derg cadres.

            I don’t where you got the courage to put NIVA and Off-roader in the same sentence. Land cruisers are laughing at you.
            Ok, let me go back to the link you generously provided and see if I missed something. Also I will check the new nivas.

          • Aligaz G

            Leul Ras,

            In the teeming white Diplomatic/expatriate society here in Addis, Nivas are da bomb. Supposedly the cannot be stuck in any mud pit or cesspool. And if white people say so then no blacks may disagree. Ha ha. I’m sure David Samson is out in the rain looking for Nivas in Highbury as we speak.

          • Abi

            ልጅ አሊጋዝ
            David is still cruising around Highbury in his fancy Jaguar days after the FA cup final.

            Mud pit in Addis? አይሰማም!

          • David Samson

            Selam Abi and Aligaz,

            I am not into cars, so do not know anything to contribute. I have owned the same car for over 20 years. The local governments in the UK are deliberately narrowing the main roads by expanding the pavements. We have also a congestion charge which we must pay to enter the centre of London. Besides, we have narrow roads, designed for horses carriage, so it is virtually impossible to drive in London.

            I put money on bookies for Chelsea to thump us 4-1, lost money, but won my heart. Since the Sun is an endangers species in London, I need to make the most out of it while it lasts. I am an outdoor person, like to enjoy the weather in a park; therefore I didn’t watch the game. David Luis must have wakened on the right side of his bed. It is one of the strangest seasons: City lost games to relegation-threatened teams but won against the mighty Real.

      • Simon Kaleab

        Selam! David,

        It is very touching that the cyber PFDJ are shedding crocodile tears about the negative effects of ethnic federation around the clock.

        Do you think that this Is because they care for the people of Ethiopia?

        No. Their worry is that the ethnic groups in Eritrea might find ethnic federation interesting. This is a nightmare for them.

        • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

          ሰላማት ሳይሞን
          ኣብዚ ግዜ ‘ዚ ከም ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዝኸፈኦን ዓቕሉ ዝጸበቦን ህዝቢ ኣሎ ምባል የጸግም ዩ።
          ሰበብ ናይዚ ኹሉ ጸገም ኤረትራ ድማ ህግደፍ ‘ዩ።
          እሞ: ነዚ ስርዓት ህግደፍ ዝድግፉ ከመይ ‘ሎም ብናይ ካልእ ሃገር ህዝቢ ዝግደሱ? እዝስ ሓቂ ዘለዎ ዘረባ ኣይኮነን።

          ግን ከኣ ‘ንዳ ንሕና-ንሱ ንሱ-ግን-ንሱ: ብግምጥልሽ ‘ዮም ዝሓስቡ።
          ተትሪኦ ባ ዋናኦም [ሓላፊኦም ከይብልሲ ቅኑዕ ስለዘይኮነ] ክንዕቆም ከሎ!’
          ከመይ ልካ ንኢስያስ ትሕዘሎ: ነዚኣቶም ‘ንተነዓቐ? ግዜ ምስተቐየረ ግምጥል ከም ዝብሉ ‘ኳ ይፈልጥ ‘ዩ።

    • Samuel

      Selam Semere Tesfai,
      Who are Ethiopians for you? The ethnic communities or the imaginary people who are found in the “Kibre Negest” book? Ethiopia is a Multi-Nation State, not a Nation State.

      Regardless how you present it, how you narrate it, how you try to paint the Weyanes, etc. What matters most is the demand of the PEOPLE. Ethnic communities in Ethiopia are demanding for a greater decentralization of power. Can you provide me a statistics that shows ethnic communities in Ethiopia are against ethnic federalism? NO, you can’t, there isn’t one except Amhara elites.

      How do you explain the growing demands of many Ethiopian ethnic communities for their own statehood? The Sidama people voted over 98% for Statehood. Your prescription is against 98.5% people. The reason I am focusing on Sidama is because the Self-determination vote took place during Abiy administration, in November 2019. If the Sidama Statehood vote had happened before Abiy, you and your cliques could have brought the “Weyane” as excuse, the vote was rigged.

      It shows me that the fact that you are prescribing Ethiopians against their interest (against 98% vote), I can see exactly why you are pro IA/PFDJ, because they are against the people demand/interest. First FREE your own people from IA/PFDJ brutality, then talk about Ethiopians. ፅምብላሊዕ *** ዘይሸፈነት ምድሪ ሸፈነት.

      Free your people, give the Eritrean people the basic RIGHT to elect their own leader. The Sidamas people got their RIGHT to vote and they voted 98.5% for Statehood, that is democracy. Are you prescribing us against the 98.5% of the people VOTE? How is that democracy?

      Who decides what is best for Eritrean people? The Eritrean people, period. Who decides what is best for Afar people? The Afar people. Who decides what is best for Sidama people? The Sidama people. The Amhara elites, Tigray elites, or Eritrean elites shouldn’t have to decide what is best for ethnic communities. Let the ethnic communities to VOTE and the voters will decide their future. How is this against the people interest?

      They say “Hatred is tricky — because it can seem justified. It can be built slowly through self-interest, deception, pride, jealousy, guiltiness and fear.”

      Thanks,

      • Semere Tesfai

        Selam Samuel

        1. – “Ethnic communities in Ethiopia are demanding for a greater decentralization of power.”

        I’m with you on that. Ethiopia is a big country with a large population. I don’t have any qualms with decentralization of power. But I’ve a problem how the country is carved into regions.

        2. – “Can you provide me a statistics that shows ethnic communities in Ethiopia are against ethnic federalism?”

        After the Woyane engineered ethnolinguistic Killils were introduced, Ethiopians are divided along ethnic and religious lines more than ever, and they are killing each other like never seen in Ethiopian history

        3. – “How do you explain the growing demands of many Ethiopian ethnic communities for their own statehood? The Sidama people voted over 98% for Statehood”

        It doesn’t make it right if the objective is nation building; but if you want head that route then make 80+ Killils. Why create a few privileged Killils and stop?

        4. – “The reason I am focusing on Sidama is because the Self-determination vote took place during Abiy administration, in November 2019.”

        Still that doesn’t make it right.

        5. – “It shows me that the fact that you are prescribing Ethiopians against their interest (against 98% vote), I can see exactly why you are pro IA/PFDJ, because they are against the people demand/interest. First FREE your own people from IA/PFDJ brutality, then talk about Ethiopians. ፅምብላሊዕ *** ዘይሸፈነት ምድሪ ሸፈነት.”

        Eritreans and Ethiopians have many, many, many unmet interests demands and wishes. But dividing themselves along ethnolinguistic cleavages is not one of them. Stay focused on the main point.

        6. – “Free your people, give the Eritrean people the basic RIGHT to elect their own leader. The Sidamas people got their RIGHT to vote and they voted 98.5% for Statehood, that is democracy. Are you prescribing us against the 98.5% of the people VOTE? How is that democracy?”

        Segregating people along ethnolinguistic lines is not democracy and nation building; it is a ticking time-bomb for mass-killings.

        7. – “Who decides what is best for Eritrean people? The Eritrean people, period. Who decides what is best for Afar people? The Afar people. Who decides what is best for Sidama people? The Sidama people.”

        That’s exactly my point. You don’t have such a thing as Afar people, Amara people, Somali people, Oromo people, Tigray people……. You have Killils that are regions by diverse ethnolinguistic and religious communities. What do you call the non-Amaras in Amara Killil? What do you call the non-Tigreans in Tigray Killil? What do you call the non-Somalis in Somali Killil? What do you call the non-Oromos in Oromia region…….?
        I suppose they don’t count. Or like the slave analogy I brought on my above comment, they are happy being called Tigreans Amaras Somalis Afars Oroms when they are not; while knowing full well that they are not accepted as such in their host Ethnolinguistic Killil.

        8. – “The Amhara elites, Tigray elites, or Eritrean elites shouldn’t have to decide what is best for ethnic communities. Let the ethnic communities to VOTE and the voters will decide their future. How is this against the people interest?”

        That is really stupid idea. That’s unlike you. You know better. People don’t lead, people don’t govern, people don’t make decisions good or bad. That’s a myth. Party bosses and party elite do – representing their respective constituents. People vote on issues ironed out and presented to them as proposals by their party bosses and their party elite. The Tigrean people didn’t carve Ethiopian Killils anong ethnolinguistic lines with a 90%+ ethnic and religious purity. The Tigrean elite did. The Tigrean people don’t have consensus on Abiy’s government, on the PP party, on the carving of ethnic Killils; the Woyane bigwigs do. And Woyanes and the Tigray people are not one and the same. Get your facts straight.

        9. – “They say “Hatred is sneaky — because it can seem justified. It can be built slowly through self-interest, deception, pride, jealousy, guiltiness and fear.””

        That is what your Woyane was/is preaching against the Amara people day-in and day-out. Oh I forgot, against the color of our (Eritrean) eyes too.

        Thank you for engaging; and thank you for being civil. Thanks again

        Semere Tesfai

    • Aligaz G

      Semere,

      Point number 1 is confusing. Are you trying to prove that putting something like legalized bribery ie lobbying in the legal system doesn’t automatically make it an ethical law? And by extrapolation ethnofederalisim which is constitutional in Ethiopia a bankrupt system?

    • Kaddis

      Selam Semere –
      Your comment sounds weird coming from an Eritrean ( you should stick to US geopolitics maybe : – ))
      As I see often on many commentators – you wrongly discuss with the assumption pre- TPLF Ethiopian administration was not Ethnic. They were Ethnic – that’s why Eritrea, Tigray and oromo started to fight for their self-rule. What is the difference between Amhara or Oromo region and Eritrea? Do they need to wage a 30 years war to get an identity and self-governance? You can’t avoid a majority / minority situation in whatever form you slice the killils.

      How do you label Ethiopian federalism as ethnocentric when the biggest two – the Amhara region and the South – are totally formed geographically?
      Amhara region would have been gojam Gondar wollo region if it was strictly Ethno based. In fact – TPLF actually reinforced the Amharic dominated administration more than anyone’s imagination ( a topic for another day)

      However – TPLF had no choice but to deal with the identity based movements who won over derg. Its not cool to take your Eritrea from Ethiopia and complain why TPLF tried to solve other people’s self-rule demands. Not cool.
      You also said Ethiopians are killing each other in numbers – Ethiopians lived in peace, under repression of course, during TPLF rule except the war in badme war. Its only since Abiy came that the killing restarted because of the wish of going back pre 1993 by isias and its sponsored Eth parties. Still – the killing is not comparable from the civil war pre-1991, Eritreans death was counted as Ethiopian by that time.
      This article explains why Ethiopia made a choice of this kind of federalism ….Dr Fasil was the main guy during the last two constitution writing of Eth and contributed to the Emperor’s
      Search for ‘Constitutional Tailor would prefer constitutional court’ on Addis fortune if the link wont make it ..
      https://addisfortune.news/constitutional-tailor-would-prefer-constitutional-court/?fbclid=IwAR30ORWe2N_hcEwZMUfxRHWCVmIbDpmqq6vfkoMJmRicKEIIcAm3mwAEq8s

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Kaddis,

        Thank you for the link. It gives a good picture of the constitutional process from a “constitutional lawyer” who participated in the drafting of the three constitutions of Ethiopia. Actually, he reaffirmed that the current constitution was a highly debated constitutional document.

        The take away from this interview for those who said the constitution was drafted by TPLF and learn from this prominent constitutional lawyer who participated on drafting the document is following:

        “ Ethiopia was divided into 547 electoral units, and a candidate was elected from each electoral unit. The document was presented to them, and they went through it article by article and made changes. Finally, there was a document that was presented to the transitional parliament, which did not add or subtract anything. They just accepted it by acclamation, and it was promulgated into law.”

        Thank again

  • Haile S.

    ሰላም ሰብ ዓወተ

    ውግእ ሓድሕድ ይቕጽል ካብ ቀደም ኣራጢጡ
    ይመስል ኤርትራ ካብ ትነቁሕ ምስኣ ተሓንጢጡ

    ክልቲኦም ወገናታ ብዘይ ኢትዮጵያ ዘይኮነሎም
    ሓዲሽ እንተሎ ሕጂ፡ ሓጋዚቶም ኣብ ክልተ ተማቒሎም
    ነንሕድሕዶም ከይዛራረቡ ምሒሎም ጥሒሎም

    ርግጽ፡ ክንወስዶም የብልናን ከም ክልተ ተገራጨውቲ
    ሓደ ካብ ሜዳ ዝተሰጐ ሓደ ብጉልበቱ ዝኾነ መንግስቲ

    እቲ ንዓይ እመኑኒ ይብል ዓመታት ስልጣን ዓትዒቱ
    እቲ’ውን ንዓይ እመኑኒ ይብል ነቀይቀይ ዝመሠረቱ

    ምስተደኻኸምካ ከምኡ እንዳተበሃሃበልካ
    ሓይሊ ተጉድል ምስ ዝሓገዙኻ ዝርርብ ሃባ-እንካ

    ክልተ ምቑላት ኢትዮጵያውያን ትጽቢተ-ጽዮን ይጽመሙ
    ዝመረጽዋ ስምምዕ ምስ ሓዲኦም ንኽፈራረሙ

    እቶም ሓደ እኳ ፈሪምና ምስቲ ሓደ ይብሉ
    እቶም ሓደ ተዘራሪብና ግን ኣይተዛራረብናሉን ኣሉ
    ምስቲ ምስቲኦም ዝፈረም ንጽሉ
    የፍርህ ኣብ ቤርሙዳ ኳድራቶ ሓዲኦም ካይጥሕሉ
    እቲ ዘፍርህ ንኤርትራ ለኪሞማ ካይትኸይድ ብጥቕልሉ
    ኣይበልኩን’ዶ ይትረፋ ናይዛ ጽሕፍቲ ጸሓፊ እንክብሉ

  • Brhan

    Hello Again,
    I hope you are enjoying your weekend
    RT will be interviewed by Eri Sat tomoroow and here is the link
    https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=10217590012282622&set=a.1246626526265

  • Brhan

    Hello all,
    I just want to share with you this good article that I read this week – As you know Ethiopia’s current political situation has been present in awate forum one way or another but this article gives a different prespective:
    https://www.theafricareport.com/33364/abiy-ahmed-must-learn-from-the-failed-ethio-eritrean-federation/

    • mad mullah

      Hello Brhan, I read the article it is interesting article. Ethiopian politics is not my favorite topic. I just know as much in terms of its interaction with Eritrea.
      I don’t know how much I agree with author’s analogy of the current situation in Ethiopia with Eritrea federation with Ethiopia of 1960s.

      1. The federation of Eritrea and Ethiopia was the federation of two countries. Eritrea existed as separate entity previous to its federation with Ethiopia. In the case of Tigray region it wasn’t a separate entity. It has a party that manages its internal politics almost as “self-rule” but it is not a federation similar to what happened between Ethiopia and Eritrea in 1960’s.

      2. If we are talking about federation the author could also have brought up the federation between Tanganikya and Zaniber which created a country called Tanzania. In that case we had a Gobezocrat by name of Julius Nyerere who was teacher who created a union- with country with 100+ ethnic group. Right now, Tanzania has a president with PhD. It seems like stable country that is trying to make its mark.

      3. Those federations happened about 60 years ago. The world has changed significantly since then… you can drive all round Europe without worrying about border checks and economy is integrated. If you go to East Africa Kenya Tanzania Rwanda you can drive thru the border stops without stopping there is East African community… What I am trying to say is the developed or developing are economically integrated with each other. All these talk about Secession from Debretzion Gebremichael is denqorocratic talk from last century it has nothing to do with present or future where they are issuing African passport. It might be rhetoric but the man is using 20th century perspective or language.

      4. In the language of conflict resolution that Dr. Abiy is familiar there is something called “positive conflict”. All conflict is not negative especially if it is happening during time of great change. Ethiopia is entering a phase of great change where you are going from EPRDF to Prosperity Property and making changes in economic structure. These changes require a dynamic intellectual capable of dealing with drastic changes.
      As my favorite philosopher, Eric Hoffer says “In times of change, learners inherit the earth, while the learned find themselves beautifully equipped to deal with a world that no longer exists.”
      Dr. Abiy will handle and navigate the ship very well.

    • Nitricc

      Brhan.
      To tell you the truth, the article is a waste of time. How on earth one compares Eritrea and Tigray? How? It cheapens the great Eritrean fight for independence with the lowlife thieves who are holding their own people hostage to avoid accountability. Think about it; every TPLF thug has send their children to educate in the west while the people have no water to drink. Let’s assume that Tigray is independent of Ethiopia; what is Tigray going to do? What? it piss-me off when I see a bunch of thugs are compared to the great Eritrean tenacity for independence.

      • Kaddis

        Nitricc hoy –

        You should find and listen to Professor Mehane Tadesse presentation on the horn from a year and half ago – you will learn something very interesting
        Specialty – tigray taking lesson from the countries who failed to make the best of their statehood like south Sudan, Eritrea and the better standing of somaliand ( defacto state ) and tigray ( can’t define the status yet ) if they pursue the state formation
        cheers,

        • Nitricc

          Hey Kaddis; I don’t know where you get to say…

          tigray taking lesson from the countries who failed to make the best of their statehood like south Sudan, Eritrea

          First of all you got to be honest the Tigryans held Eritrea suffocated to the point of death with their endless sabotages. Can you imagine if it wasn’t for the Tigryans grudge and crab-mentality by now Eritrea could have been the envy of east Africa. Although the crab-mentality did everything to kill Eritrea and considering what Eritrea faced, it is miracle that Eritrea is alive and birthing. So, give Eritrea a few years free of the people with absolute crab-mentality and the judge Eritrea. I can tell you one thing though Tigryans are incapable of governing themselves; they have to attached to something like a tick to do so. the same goes with Oromo; they never govern Ethiopia. They just don’t have it. Give them a little time, they will distingrate in front of your eyes.

    • Samuel

      Selam Brhan,
      Thank you for sharing. It is good read. By the way the writer seems (kind of) awate visitor or contributor.

      Thanks,

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Brhan,

      Good read. The take away from it for the naives in this form: “ The two pillars of federalism, self-rule and shared-rule, should guide the day-to-day functions of the two-tier governing system.” The author has a good grip on how Federalism operates.

      • Semere Tesfai

        Selam Amanuel

        The federal system that was engineered by the cunning Woyanes was a sham, a fraud, a bogus federal system of government. It is neither democratic nor federal governing system in a true sense. Abey should dissolve the current ethnolinguistic federal system of government and modify (amend) the constitution for the sake of next generation Ethiopians

        Semere Tesfai

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Semere,

          This kind of Federalism is not the invention of TPLF. It was it is of governmental philosophy out there in the academia world. For you anything that adapt by EPRDF is always no. I know for what reason you are doing it. Like Trump who tried to reverse Obama did, you are playing to the same game. But the Ethiopian “nation and nationalities” except the “Amara kilil” will defend it to the death, more so the Oromo people than any social group. That is why the whole confrontation against the clueless Abiy we witness from the Oromo people.

          Second, this kind of federalism was brought to a discussion by the OLF Oromo liberation front during the constitutional process the was lead by Kifle Wodajo a well known Ethiopian technocrat. The entire political forces have endorsed the draft at that time. Finally it was ratified by the parliament of Ethiopia. It is not the constitution and the federal arrangement that brought this crises, it is the inabilities that clogged the function of the government. Abiy can rule from the Minelik palace. He must go out to the people and the sites of crises to address the grievances of the Oromo people and others for that matter. Your man has no guts to face the people in real time.Let me go I am busy.

          • mad mullah

            Hello AH,
            On your first point, we have 193 or 195 countries in the world, how many of them use ethnic-based federalism? Or how many major countries do you know that use Ethnic-based federalism? Where has it been successful?
            If you are saying people are going to defend it to death… they must have seen it some where and it works…

          • Semere Tesfai

            Selam mad mullah

            “On your first point, we have 193 or 195 countries in the world, how many of them use ethnic-based federalism? Or how many major countries do you know that use Ethnic-based federalism? Where has it been successful?
            If you are saying people are going to defend it to death… they must have seen it some where and it works…”

            You can’t defend the indefensible! Neither Amanuel Hidrat nor the digital Woyane cadres that are swarming this website every hour of the day can defend it.

            Semere Tesfai

          • mad mullah

            Hello Semere,
            I dont know about all that I am just curious to know where in world is these ethnic-based federalism working for other country?
            They must modelling themselves after someone?

          • Aron

            Selam mad mullah,
            what about Canada.
            Aron

          • mad mullah

            Hello Aron,
            Is Canada an example of ethnic-based based federalism? Is canada divided ethnic based regions? What ethnic party is current prime minister. It seems like Canadian form is something Dr. Abiy is trying to achieve…

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Aron,

            Quebec the French speaking and the other states English speaking are not different from ethnolinguistic federalism of Ethiopia. So you are right, Aron.

            Another example is India. There are many ethnolinguistic states and some a combination of nationalities like the Ethiopian Southern kilil,

            Last but not least, you don’t need an example necessarily , if you believe on “multiculturalism constitutionalism as governmental philosophy”. If it fits their reality they could apply it. The argument by the opposite, they don’t read about multicultural constitutionalism and how and where it could be applied. Surely this kind of constitutionalism is an ideal to African countries. Because due to the nature they evolved into multi-national states and with many unresolved conflicts.

          • Selam Amanuel H.,

            “In an ethnic federation some or all of the federated units are constructed as far as possible to follow ethnic boundaries, providing ethnic communities with a measure of autonomy. Because the federation remains one state, this is distinguished from outright partition. Such a system may be considered in nations where ethnic groups are concentrated in geographical localities.
            In an ethno-territorial federation—a “compromise model”—the largest ethnic group is divided among more than one subunit. Examples include Canada, India and Spain. This type of system may be appropriate for nations that contain one dominant group.” (Wikipedia)

            I will not discuss it, because i don’t think i know much about the latter, except that there are indeed dominant groups in the ethiopian federation. In addition, i don’t know if the the states in the above mentioned countries have taken the names of the ethnic groups. I hope you and others may say a few things on this. Thanks.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Horizon,

            Your quotation from the Wikipedia is misleading. First the “compromise model” : if the large social groups are divided in to subunits, thereby to form a “mixed of ethnic states” it is not ethnolinguistic federalism. Because ethnolinguistic federalism refers to a federalism structured by linguistic composites or “linguistic based nations”, plus a composite of small ethnics as nationalities forming states.

            Now, let us take India – a multicultural society that has a federal system based on “nations and nationalities”. India has 29 states and 7 union territories. I can not give you the nature of the 29 states, but I can give you few examples of the states to make my argument that India has ethnolinguistic federalism. The state of Karala, state of Maharashtra, state of Gujarati are examples of “nation state” akin to the Ethiopian states, the Amara kilil, the Tigray kilil. the Oromia kilil, the Somalia kilil, the Afar kilil. The state Himachae Pradesh, the state of Haryana, the state of Karnataka are a composites of nationalities similar to the Southern Ethiopian kilil.

            Second, the French speaking Quebec is not divided in to Subunits to form a state with the english speaking speaking states. Quebec is a nation state of one linguistic entity. A “compromise model” as described in your comment is not ethnolinguistic federalism. You need more reading before you make your argument.

          • Selam Amanuel H.,
            You seem to have missed the point. Wikipedia doesn’t say that the ‘compromise model’ is ethno-linguistic, but ethno-territorial, which you seem to have avoided to mention all together. You say that Wikipedia is wrong, when it says that Canada and India are ethno-territorial federations, and you insist that they are ethno-linguistic federations like Ethiopia. I hope Wikipedia pays attention to your points.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Horizon,

            “Ethno-linguistic states” and “ethno-territorial states“ are exchangeable terms to explain a “nation state” curved out as administrative unites in ethno-linguistic federalism, as oppose to a federalism based on regions. The core essence of the two terms resides on the prefix “ethno”. There is no difference between the two . In fact one infers language and the other defines territorial boundary of the ethnic state. You need more reading to argue on the subject. The examples of Indian “states“ I gave you in my earlier comment is a typical of Ethiopian states. For instance the state of “Gujarati” is curved as “state” from the Gujarati speaking ethnic. Hence it is a “nation state” as oppose of a state of composite of nationalities (refer to the other examples I gave on the states of composite of nationalities).

          • Selam Amanuel H.,

            Although you seem not to accept what wikipedia and others say, and you accept only mz’s theory on federalism, let me bring what i found, at least for the sake of others.
            Ethnic federation which is also known as zenawism, i would rather call it mz’s experiment on ethiopia, has met mostly failures than success, wherever it was implemented, for example the former Yugoslavia. It seems that it was taken out of the political SOPs of the former communist governments, none of which exist today.

            Ethnic federation is supposed to grant each regional state local self-governance and guaranteed representation at the center. It is also said that Ethnic federal system may have particular appeal where serious conflict is feared or has already occurred. Was there representation of the Somali, Afar, Gambella and Gmuz states in the center in tplf’s ethnic federalism, or is it not that they are represented at the center today for the first time?
            When ethnic federalism at least in theory is supposed to resolve inter-ethnic conflicts, why is that exactly the opposite is happening in ethiopia? Well, you will not accept its inherent problems, and your answer as expected will be that the Abiy government is weak, which in actual fact means his government doesn’t kill people as tplf did, and you will not accept the fact that killing and creating a democratic country don’t go together.
            The drawbacks of ethnic federalism is said to be the formation of consciousness of ethnic identity as opposed to national identity, which tplf had as its raison d’etre to kill ethiopianism from the psyche of all ethiopians, problems of inter-state boundaries which is only so common, ethnocizing group identities by killing the common national identity and giving rise to or exacerbating, instead of alleviating, ethnic conflict as it happened in ethiopia, tendency for secession, tplf’s ace card with which it tries to blackmail ethiopia, etc.

            On the contrary, in an ethno-territorial federation—characterized as a “compromise model”—the largest ethnic group is divided among more than one subunit. If applied to ethiopia, it means that ethnic states like oromia could have ended up to be represented or incorporated not in one but more than one regional state, if ethnic and territorial criteria are used.
            I don’t think that ethno-linguistic and ethno-territorial federations are fully interchangeable, as you said.
            Read this which i got by googling: “States such as India and Spain, Canada and Russia, are hybrids that share some important features of both ethnic and territorial federalism. Similar to the logic of ethnic federations, these hybrids accommodate the demands of minority ethnic groups for an autonomous homeland, but in keeping with the logic of territorial federations, the largest group in society is divided among multiple federal subunits. Ethnicity is an important feature of these federations, but it is not the defining feature; there are more subunits than significant ethnic groups because the largest group is cracked into multiple subunits. Thus, in India’s linguistic federation, the largest group – Hindi-speakers – are parceled out into nine subunits; in Spain, the Castilian Spanish are divided among the fourteen autonomous communities not assigned to the three so-called historic nationalities (Galicia, Catalonia, and the Basque Country); in Canada, the country’s Anglophone majority constitutes the majority in nine of ten provinces; and in Russia, the largest group, ethnic Russians comprise majorities in most of the subunits not designated as ethnic regions.”. Therefore, in the above countries, there is not one single but multiple states designated to the same ethnic group, and this way the rights of minorities are protected, unlike in ethiopia, and one state which represents one ethnic group doesn’t rule the country. The leader of the country could come from any state and any ethnic group. Ethnicity and ethnic states are insignificant factors, and it is not tied to ethnic superiority of any sort.
            I believe that there is a difference between the two, and that could be the reason that they have peace and prosperity, unlike the ethiopian ethnic-federalism or zenawism.
            Tplf constitution and federation are the work of mz/tplf, and not that of the ethiopian people. They have solved no problems. On the contrary they have augmented the problems and created new ones. Regional states were in the hands of tplf, and aggressively exploited, and they were not free and equal. It is the right of the next government, if it wants, to amend the constitution, as long as it has the majority in parliament. Tplf’s constitution is not the bible.
            Finally, too much self-esteem as you seem to have, is a psychological problem. You better know it.

          • mad mullah

            Hello Horizon,

            I think you raise good points from your quote. If Ethiopia’s ethnic federalism is same as Canada and India or produces the same type of government and society in Ethiopia great news for Ethiopia.

            So, far everything has been under EPRDF as far I know about Ethiopia. What Canada and India have is a truly democratic system.
            Fortunately for Ethiopia- you have a passionate visionary intellectual and peacemaker like Dr. Abiy.

            With Dr. Abiy Prosperty Party and other parties forming I wish them a success… if Ethiopia has a healthy and successful democratic system that is best thing for Horn.
            The only other strong democracy in the horn is
            https://www.economist.com/the-economist-explains/2017/11/13/why-somaliland-is-east-africas-strongest-democracy

          • Consolation

            Selam AH,

            It was a scheme designed to enable the TPLF to loot Ethiopia mercilessly. The OLF may have signed on to the scheme initially but how long did it take for the Weyane looters to show their true face? The Ethiopian people kicked the Weyane out not because they don’t want federalism but because they couldn’t tolerate the sham system imposed on them by the TPLF kleptocracy. Your defence of these blatant thieves even as they are on the brink of burial shows how incompetent the ELF cadres are!

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Consolation,

            On the field the EPLFites do not want to debate with ELF’s cadres. In fact they were avoiding them purposely. “ አየ ጀብሃ ዘረባን መጻሕፍቲ ምሕያኽን” ኢኹም ትፈልጡ ትብሉና ነይርኩም:: Even now we challenged EPFDJites to have a public debate, but to not avail. And of course one who hide behind pen name like yourself, can not be expected to come to debate on open public forum.

          • Semere Tesfai

            Selam Amanuel Hidrat

            1. – Do you believe, the Woyane engineered ethnolinguistic-Killil brand of federal system was (is) fair and democratic system of government that serve the interest of every Ethiopian citizen equally?

            2. – Would you subscribe ethnolinguistic federal system to Eritrea?

            Semere Tesfai

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Semere,

            Quest-1 Read my comment again. It is not a Wayane engineered administrative units (kilil). It is designed based on their constitution and implemented by EPRDF government. I don’t believe on your theory. I believe the ruling party was EPRDF not TPLF. The way you framed your question is not healthy any way.

            Quest-2 Go to tebeges file and you will find what kind of government I advocate for Eritrea. I wrote many article pertinent to this question. Very simple, visit tebeges file.

          • Semere Tesfai

            Selam Amanuel Hidrat

            When your answer is:

            A. – “The way you framed your question is not healthy any way.”

            B. – “Go to tebeges file and you will find what kind of government I advocate for Eritrea. I wrote many articles pertinent to this question. Very simple, visit tebeges file”

            I take it as “I can’t defend Woyane’s ethnolinguistic federalism”.

            Aman: it is very simple:
            If you can’t put your idea as a bumper sticker, you don’t have an idea worth selling

            Thanks anyway

            Semere Tesfai

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Amanuel H.,

        • Brhan

          Selam Semere,
          Do you mean there were no other Ethiopians ( Afar, Amhara, Harari, Oromo, Somali and etc ) except the TPLF when the system was drafted and started to be implemented?Or are you saying the other Ethiopians were less significant. Is not this what we say in plain Tigrinya በጀካኦም ካልኦት ኣሰብኡት ኣይነበሩን?
          The article where I posted its link ( and thanks for awate.com for allowing us to post links in the weekend) speakes about
          1) the system is crisis
          2) to be fixed needs compromise by all , not like what you are suggesting a one man show – Abiy
          3) you are speaking about modifying ( amending) the constitution but which chapter. It is better to provide solution when speaking about problem.

          • Semere Tesfai

            Selam Brhan

            1. – “Do you mean there were no other Ethiopians ( Afar, Amhara, Harari, Oromo, Somali and etc ) except the TPLF when the system was drafted and started to be implemented?”

            Yes there were “others” who were handpicked by the drafters of the ethnolinguistic system.

            2. – “to be fixed needs compromise by all , not like what you are suggesting a one man show – Abiy”

            (a) Thank you for the correction, I put qualifier on it

            (b) No citizens of any Nation on this planet deserve to have Woyane brand ethnolinguistic bogus federal system of government

            3. – “you are speaking about modifying ( amending) the constitution but which chapter. It is better to provide solution when speaking about problem/s.”

            Trust me I’ll. And you’re welcome to challenge. Just give me few hours.

            Semere Tesfai

          • Abi

            ወንድም አማች
            ምስጋናዬ ከክብርና ፍቅር ጋር ይድረስህ::
            The constitution aka “dedebit manifesto” should be null and void.

          • Brhan

            Selam Semere,

            Yes, we can continue to but, focus more on the main topic ( Reread the article) Eritrea as an example, for how to fix the problem. My main objective to post the link lies on this merit.

            Having said that, I believe you agree with me that there are many vital issues that we can discuss about Eritrea and Ethiopia but of how Ethiopia must be govern is neither my issue nor yours. Let the Ethiopians decide.

            As Eritreans, do we have right to tell the South Sudanese how to govern their country? I do not think so.

            Thanks

  • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

    Selamat,
    Your primary enemy for dummies:
    1. If you want to go back home and you can’t because you believe HGDF will put you in jail, it is your primary enemy
    2. If you want to invest in Eritrea but you have no confidence on HGDF because they may confiscate you, hgdf is your primary enemy
    3. If you want to retire in Eritrea but you believe that is impossible under the hgdf rule, it is that. hgdf is your primary enemy
    4. You want to do some service, for free, in Eritrea but you won’t believe HGDF will allow you, it is because hgdf is your primary enemy
    So, it is because HGDF is Eritrea’s primary enemy. Not Weyane or beyene or dereje.

    • mad mullah

      You make a lot of sense. Eritrea’s problem originates from Eritrea.
      All talk about Ethiopia as source of our problem is just distraction or venting session.

      What I find strange and hard for me to understand is why is it we talk about Ethiopia so much instead of Sudan.

      20% of Eritrean population is residing as refugee in Sudan. We have more positive interaction with Sudan.

      If Sudan can get its economy and country in order… we would have a much productive interaction with Sudan than Ethiopia.

      • Paulos

        MM,

        Did you know that the done deal Higdef and the closet Higdef in this Forum know every CC or EC member of the Weyanes but they don’t know the names of Higdef Cabinet members or Ministers.

        • Dongolo

          Selam Paulos. Maybe so but you simply shame them in this regard for you know all the wives, husbands, grandparents, cousins, second cousins, third cousins, woshimas and drinking bars of all the TPLF CC and EC members. You even know their bank accounts.

        • mad mullah

          Paulos,
          Higdef is just guerrilla army with IA on commanding lead it is not a civil society. In north american diaspora majority of the Higdef member that are in leadership role tend to be least educated and the least capable member of the diaspora. It is one man show party heading directly to IA.
          We still living in zemen denqorocracy in Eritrean politics. I think do the absence of any civil society norm in Eritrea political parties…

          Eritrean are finding substitution by getting involved in Ethiopian politics. This explains their limited but detailed knowledge of Ethiopian political figures.
          The irony is the fought 30 years so they can’t chart their own path and destiny however they spend it on “Weyanes” or Ethiopian politics..
          There is an old saying when fighting a monster be careful you don’t become a monster in the process. The Eritrean movement in the process of fighting the Derg they ended up transforming themselves into Derg type of organization.
          It is very sad situation. The only change I see is generational and emphasis bringing into the front Zemen Gobezocracy.

          • Nitricc

            The Eritrean movement in the process of fighting the Derg they ended up transforming themselves into Derg type of organization.

            Really? you are not one of the digitals are you

      • Sultan

        Mad Sheik:
        We Eritreans are NOT denying that fact that the mess started from within but arguing that the interference from outside messed us more.

    • Paulos

      ኢንጂኔረ,

      Can you please dumb it down for what you have laid out is a bit sophisticated for the done deal Higdef and the closet Higdef in this Forum.

      • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

        ዶተረ:
        ጸሚምና ‘ኳ ብወያነ: ለይትን ቀትርን።
        ዋላ ሰዓል ተሒዝዎም ከማን ሕማም ወያነ ‘ያ ከይብሉዋ ፈሪሕና ሕጅስ።
        ቀዳማይ ጸላኢና ኣብ ሃገርና ‘ዩ ኣራጢጡ ዘሎ።

        ኣነ: ዓደይ ከይርኢ: ጥዑም ኣየር ከየተንፍስ: ኡፍ ኢለ ከየዕርፍ:’ ከልኪሉኒ ዘሎ ህግደፍ ዩ። ወያነ ‘ይኮነ ዋላ ኣሜሪካ። ወረ ገሊኦምሲ ኣብ ኣመሪካ ‘ንዳተቐመጡ ንኣመሪካ የጸልሙ።

        ባዕሉ ኣያኦም: ብዛዕባ ዶባትና: ቀዳምነትና ኣይኮነን ‘ናበሎም ንወያነ ኣብያ ይብሉ
        ባዕሉ ኣያኦም:’ ምስ ኢትዮጵያ ሓደ ህዝቢ ምዃንና ዘይፈልጥ ሰብ ደንቆሮ ጥራይ ዩ ‘ናበሎም
        ባዕሉ ኣያኦም: ን ኮለነል ኣብዪ ሓላፍነት ሂበካ ኣለኹ ክትመርሓና [ይላገጽ የለኹን ኢሉ ድማ ኣትሪርሎም] ይብል
        ዕምሪ ወያነ ኣብቂዑ ‘ዩ {game over] ወዘተረፈ…
        ኣብ ማይ ከምዝኣተዉ ኣስቅጥ ኣቢሎም ጸኒሖም: ምልስ ኢሉ ድማ [ወያነ ሓንጊዳ] ምስ በሎም ጫውጫውታ ጀሚሮም።
        ትዝገርመካ ኣንቢቦም: ጽሒፎም ዝኽእሉ: ጎንደር ሕክምና ተማሂርና ዝብሉ: ፕሮፌሰራት ኢና ዝብሉ ወዘተረፈ ‘ዮም።
        ተሓዋዊስዎም ድዩ ዋላስ እዚ ምስ ምንታይ ይቑጸር?

        ትዘሕዝን ነገር ግን ክገረመካ ‘ቶም ደገፍቲ ህግደፍ ከማና ተሃስዮም ‘ዮም።
        ኣብ ዓዶም ኬዶም ብሰላም ክነብሩ ስለዘይክእሉ ምሳና ኣብ ስደት ይበልዩ።
        መግለጺ ስኢነሎም

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          ሰላም ማሃንድሳይ,

          ግደፎባ ናይ ‘ዚኣቶም ገዲፍካ ተዛረብ:: መመሊሹ ዓሕ ዘብል እኮ’ዩ:: ለይትን መዓልትን ከምናይ ሕልሚ ቅዠት: ወያነ ክብሉ ኸለው ክሳዕ ክንደይ ይስሕቅዎም ከምዘለው ምንም ክግንዘቡ ዘይክእሉ እዮም:: ዝገብር ነዲኡ ነይነግር ይብሉ አቦው:: እቲ ዝገርመካ በቲ ሓደወገን ኢሳያስ “ከምታ ዘምጻእክዋ ሕጀያ ክኸይድየ” እንዳበሎም: በቲ ኻልእ ኸአ ገና ብኣግኡ ካብ ሜዳ ጀሚሩ “ዕላማና መንግስቲ አኹስም ክንምስርት ኢና” እናበለ ዘቃልሶም ዝነበረ: ካብዚ ንላዕሊ ጸላኢ ኤርትራን ህዝባን መን አሎ? ኢሳያስ ምስ ወያነ ኾይኑ ነታ እንኮ ሓቋፊት ሰፊሕ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዝኾነት ተሓኤ ካብ ሜዳ ንምውጻእ ዝተገብረ ስትራተጂ ነቲ ኣብ ላዕሊ ዝጠቀስክዎ ወስትታት መንገዲ ንምጽራግ እኮ’ዩ ነይሩ:: እቲ ዝገርመካ ኣብ መጨረሽኡ ናይ ግዜ ጉዳይ ‘ዩምበር ወያነን ኢሳያስን ጉጅለኡንክዕረቁ ከምዝኾኑ ነቲ አርሒቁ ዘይጥምትን ዘየስተባህልን እንተዘይኮይኑ መን ይስሕቶ::
          ግንከአ ከምቲ ምስ አቢ ዝተገብረ ናይ “መራሕቲ ዕርቂ” ዝተረኽቦ ዘየብሉ ዘጣቅዑ ዘለው ደሓርውን ምስ ወያነ ከጣቅዑ ከምዝኾኑ ምንም አየጣራጥርን:: ባህርያት ናይ ዝተሓጽበን ዝተመወለን ሓንጎል ከአ ንዕኡ’ዩ ዘገልግል:: እንዳ አጣቅዑ ከአ ሃገር ክትከይድያ:: ናይ ደሓር ዋይአነ ከአ አይከምልሳን እዩ:: ነዚ ክርእስ አየንብረኒ ዘብል ኩነታት አቲና:: ዘሕዝን ከአ እዩ:: መሃንድሳይ ሓንቲ እያ ዘላትና:: ንሳኸአ ኣብ መትከልካ ኣጸኒዕካ ንኽድዓትን ንጥልመትን ምምካት’ዩ:: አጽንዕ ዕርፊ::

          • Consolation

            ኣሕ

            እቶም ተምልኽዎም ወያነ ከምዚ’ዮም ዝመስሉ

            Tilahun Arefe
            6h

            ገ/ዋህድ ኣብ ኣስመራ ናኢሰፓ ሰብ ኮይኑ ልኤርትራውያን ለሳቂ ልነበረ ገበነኛ ዘመድ ስብሓት ነጋ እዩ። ደርጊ ብልተስዓረ ገ፨ዋህድ ላብ ኢትዮጵያ ተሻገረ ልዘመዱ ኣቦይ ሽብሓትለ ኣግንዩ ምስ ጉጅለ ዓድዋ ክሰርሕ ካም ልደሊ ገለፀሎም። ኣቦይለ ናይና ሰብ ኢሎም ስራሕ ቆፀሩዎ ክሳብ ናጉምሩክ ምክትል ሓላፊ ስልጣን በፅሑ። ሓስቡ ጉጅለ ዓድዋ ተጋደልታ ጉሕፋ ጎሓላሉ ዘመድ ኣዝማድ ልትቆፅር ባለጌ እያ። ገ፨ዋህድ ኣብ ጉምሩክ ግቢ ውሽጢ ኮንተይነራት ተጠቂሙ ናዓርሱ እስር ቤት ከፈተ። ታክስ በዚሑና ልበሉ ኢትዮጵያውያን ኣብ ጉምሩክ ላኣሰረ ምቅጥቃጥ ምስቃይ ቀፀለ። ሰባት ኣእዛኖም ክሳብ ልመግል ክፀፍዖምይ ከጋፍዐምይ ቀፀለ። ገ፨ዋህድ ፅጋቡ ምክኣል ስለልኣበዮ ምስ እል መለስለ ክሳፈ ጀመረ። ዳሓር ምስ ጥማራት ቅርሹ ምስ ዶላራቱ ምስ ካርታ ናገዛውቲ ተቀየደ። ነገር ግን ገ፨ዋህድ ብቁዕ ፍርዲ የረከበይ ምስ እል ስብሐት ጉዳዩ ንሪኦ ኢና።

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Cosolation,

            Learn how to address your encounters. It is part of the rules in this forum (እንዳ ስድታት ገዛ ኣይኮነን). ግንከአ አተዓብብያ ይሓትት::

            Second, your English is better than your Tigrigna. Think what you could do about it.

          • Consolation

            Selam Moderator and AH,

            People have addressed you as AH, which I suppose are your initials. ኣሕ happens to be your initials in Tigrigna. Henthforth, I will address you as ኣ.ሕ. 🙂

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam consolation,

            It was addressed to Mehandsay. There is non addressed to “ ኣሕ“.

            As kid I will tell you how to address: selam….(put the name)
            Hi ……
            Dear…
            Merhaba….
            Ahlen……etc. a lesson for today for you.

          • Consolation

            Selam AH,

            No, it was addressed to you as you can see from the time stamp. Just because others put their replies in between doesn’t mean that a post is addressed to the one immediately above it!

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Selam Consolation,
            Speaking of treason:
            1. Who is trying to reunited Eritrea back with Ethiopia? DIA
            2. Who is saying boarder is not our priority? DIA
            3. Who said “You lead us” to a foreign leader, colonel Abiy? DIA
            4. Who said constitution is dead? DIA
            5. Who said no one give me a contract to lead this country? DIA
            6. Who is advocating for DIA to kill his people, destroy the country? You and people like you. That is TREASON to the highest degree.

          • Consolation

            Selam Moderator,

            By “another solution” I suppose you mean suspension or termination. Believe you me, I hope you do that for I know that I am wasting my time in this dump debating worthless traitors. I could be doing a lot of useful things!

          • Nitricc

            Again i object. stop it .

          • Paulos

            Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

            I really want you to watch this video if you haven’t already. It is a clear testament to what people’s power is all about including the reason why TPLF and the people of Tigrai are solid so much so that it is incredibly hard for the done deal Higdef as in Consolation, Dongolo, Sultan and the closet Higdef in this Forum to grasp and understand TPLF in particular but compete against each other on bashing race–as in who vilifies the Weyanes most.

            https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=kFqzCv_bk5A&t=301s

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Dr Paulos,

            አዴታት እንድሕሪ ተላዒለን መንእሰያት መላሲ የብሎምን:: ንቅሓት አዴታት አዝዩ ክብ ኢሉ:: ብጣዕሚ ዘደንቅ’ዩ::

          • Paulos

            Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

            I was literally blown away. In a sense, TPLF is long gone where what is left is politically conscious society who understands its basic rights like the back of its hands.

            They put me to shame when they know so much about not only civic duties but also about Constitutionalism when I am expected to be well versed for having lived in this modern part of the world for a number of years. When we invariably talk “The Road to Denmark” it is because the people knew and internalized their Constitutional rights circa five hundred years ago where the people remained since then the sole owners of political power. And one can equally argue that, the women in the Documentary are not TPLF fanatics so to speak for they talked about being curious to learn more about the other competing political parties and potentially opt for them if they happen to have a better program than the incumbent.

            That is the enduring legacy of TPLF for producing a society that is conscious about its past, present and with a sense of clear vision as well. Herodotus, when he wrote about the Peloponnesian War that lasted for thirty years between Athens and the more powerful and stoic Sparta, he theorized that, the reason the former won over the other when the odds favoured the latter was precisely because Athens was Democratic with citizens politically conscious about their basic rights and duties. Hope Isaias and Abiy gain a sense of history for it guides one to execute better judgments.

          • Dongolo

            Paulos. Would strongly suggest that you now cut ties & distance yourself from the TPLF. I am sure you remember how ‘some’ Derg elements were treated/imprisoned post May 1991. This time around it will be much worse for the TPLF enamored, for the level of hate against the TPLF is simply thunderous these days. If you need to perform the TPLF song & dance routine, can you not confine your performance to Tigray Online? Better for you to have less visibility these days when getting paid to perform.

          • Aligaz G

            Dongolo,

            Are you threatening Paul with imprisonment simply because of his political beliefs?

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ፕሮፌሰር ኤማ
            ሪርኢናዮም ‘ኳ ‘ና።
            ንዕስራ-ዓመታት ዝኣክል ዶብ ከይተሓንጸጸ: ዘረባ የለን ምስ ኢትዮጵያ ይብሉ ከምዘይነበሩ: ከይሓበርዎም ኣዲስ ኣበባ ድቕድቕ ምስበሉ ትሒም-ትሒም ኢልካስ ኣስቅጥ።

            ዶብ ምሕንጻጽ ናትና ቀዳምነት ኣይኮነን። መጀመርታ ናይ ኢትዮጵያ ርግ ኣት’ዩ ዘድለይና ምስ በሎም: ግምጥል ኢሎም ከም ፓፓጋሎ ክደግሙ ጀሚሮም።

            ወረ ሓንሳብ ሲ ማስይዎም ዩ ኣብ ቃለ መሕተት ዝገበሮ። ብዛዕባ ዶ ከይዛረብ መጠንቀቕታ ተዋሂብዎም።

            ምስ ደብረጽየን ኢድ -ንኢድ ተተሓሒዞም ኣብ ናይ ሑመራ ዶብ ሸነን ምስበሉ: ወያነ ትበሃል ነገር ጥፍእ።

            ጸኒሑ-ጸኒሑ ወያነ ሓንጊዳ ምስበሎም ድማ ግምጥል!
            ከም ዝበልካዮ ኣረቂ ጨሊጡ [መማቕርቲ ወሲኸላ] ህዝቢ ትግራይን ወያነን ሓደ ‘ዮም። ፈተውትናዮም ተዝብሎም: ከይሓፈሩ: ወረ ቁሩብ ናታቶም ወሲኾም ክጭድሩ ምሰማዕናዮም ኔርና።

            ኣብ ራዕዲ ‘ዮም ዝነብሩ ‘ዞም ሰባት በጃኻ ‘ልናካ። የሕዝኑ።

          • Paulos

            ኢንጂኔረ,

            ባዕሉ ‘ቲ ጨካን ኣረጊት ሰብኣይ ዋጋ ከምዘይብሎም ቀደም ፈሊጥዎም እዩ፣ ኣቢ ኸማን ናቱ ሰሚዑ እዩ ንዒቑዎም ዘሎ፣ መሊሶም’ካኣ ንኣቢ ዓገብ ከንዲ ዝብልዎ ነቲ ዘለፋን ንዕቐትን ዝበሎ የጻባብቕሉ ኣለዉ።

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ዶተረ
            ኣማን ብኣማን!
            ‘ንታይ ‘ሉ ድዩ ዝጽውዖም ኢሎሞ?
            [እዞም ንታይ ክብል ከምዝደለኹ ከፈለጡ ዘጣቕዑ!]
            እዝስ ውርደት ዩ።

            [ንዓይ ኩንትራት ዝሃበኒ ሰብ የለን] ምስ በሎም ድማ ግደፎ ጣቕዒት።
            እምበርዶ ስቆሮም ‘ዩ?

          • Consolation

            ሰላም መሃንድስ

            ኣብ ሰማንያታት ዝኾብለለ
            ኣብ ተስዓታት ዝሓከለ
            ህዝቡ ዝኸሓደ ጸላኢ ዘገልገለ
            ወያነ ተሰጒጉ ምስተገለለ
            ምስተወሸበ ኣብ መቐለ
            ቲ’ዕስራ ዓመት ዝሸቀለ
            ክንዲ ብሕፍረት ዝኽወለ
            ክንዲ ዝሕባእ ዝእለ
            ከምዝዓበደ ከምዝተጸለለ
            እንተጨደረ ከይተሓለለ
            ፋይዳ’ይብሉን ሓፍኮፍ እንተለ
            ኣይትንስእን ዝሞተ ዝፈሸለ፡፡

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Consolation,
            ቅድሚ ክልተ ዓመት [Game over] ዝተባህለ: ስጋዕ ሕጂ የባህርረኩም?
            ኦ! ኣምላኽ ኣቦና ነዞም ሕማም-ወያነ ኣብ ሓንጎሎም ኣትዩ ድቃስ ዝኸልኦም ምሕረት ኣውርደሎም።
            ኣሜን! ንበል ኣቡነ ዘሰማያት 12ተ ግዜ

          • Consolation

            Mehandis,

            A person suffering from a deadly disease may linger for two years even though his doctor had told him that his illness is terminal. The Weyane are like that patient, just lingering on awaiting their funeral! And you know it!

          • Consolation

            Dottore,

            I just heard that old man Sebhat Nega, the Weyane Capo dei capi, is on his death-bed having contacted covid-19. So much horror stories coming out of the camp of the thugs is not good for your mental health. As they say, “the mills of the gods grind slowly, but they grind exceeding fine.”

          • Nitricc

            Moda; this is BS. please respect your forum participants. Is obvious your actions. It doesn’t look good to your image. please note my objection to your BS actions. I object to your systematic silencing people’s opinion.

      • Sultan

        Selam Engineer and Doctor:

        I think I will call upon u both a second grader Eritrean to clarify to you the “ Done Deal Higdef’s Position”since you cannot understand your intellectually and professionally equivalent /Messeta Dr Hashela’s simple response telling you:
        ”Criticizing the TPLF ( and crediting Dr AAA for what he deserves ),does not make one a PFDJ Apologist!

        To your dismay, I prefer Higdef , the devil I know well, rather than the TPLF and its mercenary Eri OPP , whom I know better to be more devilish than the devil Higdef until I get a better Devil (“ Angel”)!

        • mad mullah

          Hello Sultan,
          I think it is better to stop using language like Devils and Angels… it takes away from your point. What I find surprising in this forum is support for Dr. Abiy is immediately associate with support for Eritrean government.
          Hello the man has agreed to EEBC ruling and is trying to implement it . Thousands of Eritrean lives were waste for that piece of dirt.
          There is an old adage.. sometimes people are blinded by hate.

          • Dongolo

            Selam mad mullah. So an area of Eritrea roughly the size of Addis Ababa which holds promise for harnessing hydroelectric power is simply a ‘piece of dirt’?

          • Paulos

            Dongolo,

            ማዓንጣ እንተሃልዩካ why don’t you hold the sadist old man to account for starting the war in the first place which costed thousands of Eritrean lives instead of ዘሕምቆ’ለኒ በትረይ ሃቡኒ and parroting Weyane this Weyane that day in and day out. And እንድሕር ማዓንጣ ዘይብልካ’ኾንካ to hold Isaias to account ሃየ ስረ ዕጠቕ and kick the Weyanes out of Badme.

          • Sultan

            Doc:
            Well, we don’t want to repeat the same mistake …. and lose another 5k keyahti.

            I would have expected a PhD guy to make a similar argument about/to the other party that the TPLF should be held accountable for the massacre of 130,000 Innocent Ethiopians and for declaring a lost and expensive war unnecessarily!

            Btw,the dude called IA admitted for his mistake and regretted it as a nonsensical war and offered a peaceful settlement even way before he made that knee jerk style mistake by begging your visionary leader repeatedly for a peaceful resolution of the nonexistent but a made up border issue .

          • Dongolo

            Paulos. Fact is that TPLF entered a war to fight for land that was not theirs. Simple Solution: TPLF should withdraw from Badme; they have no reason not to other than they are rottenly corrupt to the bone.

          • mad mullah

            Hello Dongolo,
            It is a piece of dirt. If you compared it to lives lost and 20+ years of stalemate beside in the ego of TPLF and EPLF who had their personal beef… it is piece of dirt.
            Mind you many African countries whose border was drawn by colonial power had border problems after independence. They didn’t end up butchering each other and causing a stalemate where one country created indefinite national service.

            My solution to Badme problem… in the interest of the future generation is create something like free-trade zone and open a university and the main objective of university would be to bring students from the Horn of Africa… Somalia, Ethiopia, Sudan, South Sudan, Djibouti, and Eritrea can go to school together.

            I don’t know about Hydrodam in badme?
            In terms of TPLF or Ethiopian government the withdrawal is because of the agreement and ruling made… not whether badme is dirt or town or mecca…

          • Dongolo

            Wrong mad mullah: The refusal of the TPLF to withdraw from Badme is in complete contradiction to the nature of the final and binding EEBC decision.There is no stalemate as you say, but rather it has always been a clear case of the TPLF refusing to follow the Rule of Law. This is even reflected numerous Wikileaks cables which are now public info. You can make your open university in Mekele’s kebele 16 for Badme’s utilization solely rests with Eritrea to decide upon.

          • mad mullah

            Hello Dongolo,
            My advice to you is to research border problems with African countries. Yes the fact that Ethiopian government didn’t follow the EEBC ruling is problem. However, Dr. Abiy already has acknowledged and accepted the result of the border.
            That is the first step and second step is withdrawal…
            However, even with border problem.. Eritrea could function as normal society instead of indefinite national service. Eritrean economy is standstill.
            If Ethiopian government withdraws tomorrow.. do you think anything will change in Eritrea?
            You think we are going to move from Zemen Denqorocracy to Zemen Gobezocracy?
            Here is an example of Nigeria and Camerron border dispute…
            https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bakassi#:~:text=State%20of%20Nigeria.-,Territorial%20dispute,the%20two%20countries'%20common%20border.

          • Dongolo

            Selam mad mullah. Please do not wrongly confuse the TPLF’s refusal to abide by the EEBC final and binding decision with Eritrean governance for they are clearly separate issues. Why do you wish to obfuscate the EEBC process and decision with other African border disputes? The EEBC rendered a final and binding decision for which Meles and Isaias as Heads of State signed /promised to respect and Ethiopia (Meles/TPLF) thereafter blatantly has lied/failed to uphold their end of the agreement.

          • mad mullah

            Hello D.
            The result of Border ruling has been accepted. I can’t speak for Ethiopian government. I am not going to be involved with TPLF vs Ethiopian government. There is one country and it is called Ethiopia no matter its internal politics.
            I pointed African countries border dispute to show you that border dispute and resolution take time from accepting the rule to withdrawal. I gave you Nigeria and Cameroon as an example.
            What I am trying to put out to you is.. the fact border withdrawal hasn’t happened is not a reason for Eritrea to be one of largest exporter of refugee in the world…

          • Sultan

            Mad King:
            Listen attentively and RESPECTFULLY to the well informed Eritreans!

          • Sultan

            Dongolo:

            You made a point but please expound it.
            I know that “ dirty piece of land”is full of marble but not sure about the HEP(Hydroelectric Power)!

            U mean from Tekeze River?

            The Size of Addis too?

            Interesting.

            Well, guess what?We will make it a Future Eri Star City accommodating 4 million people ( current population of Addis)then.

            You sound to be a well informed insider along with Consolation.
            I know a Diaspora PFDJ GROUP had a closed ambitious meeting in Asmera few years ago with an ambitious agenda of building a new African Star Port Commercial and Tourism city called New Eritrea or new Asmera,which will include areas from GhindaE all the way to Sahel bordering our Red Sea to include the scenic Seminawi Keyih Bahri Landscape.

            This is outside proper Massawa Port City.

            Do you know about it?

            Am aware of the ambitious master plan of Tesenei and surrounding to make it a great Land Port Commercial City

          • Dongolo

            Selam Sultan. From a geological point of view, the river basin for which the Badme triangle encompasses, is perhaps the only place in Eritrea with adequate natural parameters (i.e. elevation slope, river basin girth, projected square kilometers of water catchment ) suitable to serve as a suitable hydro dam/reservoir construction site.

          • Sultan

            Dongolo:
            Aha!
            Even a better point.
            Well, considering what the Warsai Engineers have done /achieved so far in ref to Dam, you make a tone of sense!

          • Hashela

            Hi Donglo

            Equally important, with an annual precipitation of > 900 mm the Badme region belongs to the wettest part of Eritrea.
            Those who characterize this region as a dusty, desolate, or bad land are either uninformed or parroting misinformation spread by Eritrea’s enemy. It was and will be the bread basket of Eritrea!

          • Paulos

            Sultan,

            Why do you want to know if Dongolo is privy to what they talk about in closed doors about alleged ambitious agenda when the sadist old man himself openly told you that, ባጽዕ ሎሚ ኣበይ’ኣላ? የላን!

            Certainly, it is good to dream and all but you have a lot of work to do what the expert call—State building–as in Constitutionalism, Rule of Law, and other Democratic Institutions. Before that however, release political prisoners and bring the divided people together. That will follow with Nation building—as in all the great stuff you commented upon including the master-plan where the sky is the limit. Eritrea has every reason to be the Singapore of Africa where as they say, the best time to plant a tree was twenty years ago and the second best time is today. It is never too late and it can never be too late for the precise reason that dreams never die but of course one has to be realistic and true to himself or herself as well.

          • Sultan

            Doc:
            It is not just a dream but a feasible and doable Master plan .
            As far as that “ Sadist” is concerned, I think I made myself and my stand CRYSTAL CLEAR.

            Again, criticizing our other enemies and crediting Dr AAA would NOT make King Sultan a PFDJ Apologist or a supporter of that “ SADIST”!

            The “sealed and classified” long term plan as per the Ministry of Development :
            Few hints:
            Ports:
            Dubai World is in Action, FYI!
            -Our Red Sea in general and our twin Ports in particular , will upgraded to a World Class Shopping Lanes and Docking centers besides being a Free Trade Zone
            -Our Airports shall be upgraded Five Major International Airports besides the domestic airports in each zonal cities

            Education:
            Japan and Finland on board.

            -Five /Six Zonal Universities( Denkalia Univ,Red Sea Univ /Massawa), Nacfa, Anseba, Gash Barka Univ , Emba(Mt) Soira univ and a Special Univ of Sawa

            -Top Class Five Zonal Vocational Training Schools

            -Five-Six Regional Referral Medical Centers

            -Additional Two Univ Medical Centers in Asmera besides upgrading few extra sub zonal Hospitals in Asmera

            -Reviving the frozen ambitious Programs of Post Grad Schools of Medicine and Allied Health Sciences and other Sciences for Masters and selected PhD Programs
            -Revise the Primary and Secondary School Curricula
            Economic Infrastructure :
            -Boost Agro-Animal Industry
            Revive and upgrade:
            -ElaBerid Agro- Animal Industry

            -Ala Agro Industry

            -Gash Barca Agro-Animal Industry( Gheluj and Omhajer included … reviving the old Italian Cotton and Fruit Plantations)

            -Semenawi Keyyih Bahri Estate and Agro-Industry(Coffee and Tea Plantations)

            -Revive the frozen Red Sea Water Agro Industry and Desalination Programs/ Projects

            -Jump start the lucrative Fishing, Tourism and Salt Industries

            Mining :
            -Intensify and expand the massive Precious Metal and Marble across the nation (Asmera and its surroundings is full of these metals)and expect “ new Asmera City and demolition of old Asmera while preserving the heritage)

            -Expand the Culluli Potash Mining to other parts of Denkalia(It is claimed that the entire Denkalia is full of potash per Mr. Tesfalem of “The Department of Mining Energy”, with a mining life of more than 300 years
            Energy:

            -Maximize the exploitation of Solar Power, Windmill and Hydrothermal Energy while exploring the feasibility of Red Sea Dam

            -Jump start the exploration of the allegedly massive Oil and Gas deposits in N Massawa (Offshore drilling)and Adulis area
            Etc….
            -Transportation and Road Infrastructure :
            Step wise extensive development of this infrastructure has already started within Asmera and beyond ( Ring highways , etc…)

            -The Railway System is being redesigned
            To be continued….

            This is not a wish list but things being cooked up.
            There was a legit reason as to why Eritreans have dreamt to make Eritrea a better Singapore , Swiss , and Israel of Africa!

            This is my serious wish list :
            Now that a peace deal is inked with Ethiopia, the sky shall be the limit after a Genuine National Reconciliation goes into EFFECT to be followed by The Implementation of an All Inclusive Constitution is implemented.

          • Consolation

            Paulino,

            Ztseat Saveadna Ananya
            4h ·

            “ብስምካ ሓሙሽተ ገዛ ኣለካ”

            “ኣይፋል፣ እዚ ስም ምጥፋእ እዩ፤ ሰለስተ ጥራሕ እየን ብስመይ፤ ሓንቲ ብሰበይተይ ስም እያ፣ ሓንቲ ሸይጠያ እየ፣ ካልኦት ግን ከም ሃገረይ ብናይ ኻልኦት ስም እዮም” ፤ (ኣስተውዕሉ፣ ቐደሙ እውን እቲ ወቐሳ “ንምንታይ እዚ ኹሉ ብስምካ ጌርካ ተዋርደና፣ ብናይ ካልእ ሰብ ስም ዘይትገብሮ?” ዝብል እዩ፤ እቲ መልሲ እውን ከምኡ)፤

            “ሕፂተይ ሕብሪ V-ተይ ኣይፈተወታን’ ኢልካ 400 ሽሕ ኣውፂእኻ” ተባሂሉ፤ “እዚ መፀለምታ እዩ፤ 350 ሽሕ እየ ኣውፂአ”

            Ztseat is a Tigrayan blogger from Mekele. What I have quoted is about one of the TPLF’s Capos, Alem Gebrewahid. At a TPLF CC meeting, he was accused for owning 4 buidings, and his reply is priceless. It is these worthless thieves that you have been admiring for so long.

        • Paulos

          Sultan,

          That is precisely the reason you are where you are—stuck where the Weyanes left you twenty years ago. And them? Well, they are empowering their people including politically where election is underway to use your overly-used word to an extent of a cliche’–against all odds. And I guarantee you if Isaias is to beat Mugabe by five years, you will still be there when the Weyanes will have 8th election. And do you know what that is called? A tragedy of an epic proportion.

          • Sultan

            Doc:

            Am talking based on experience and facts.
            When you are in doubt, check it out.
            Pause!
            All that glitters and shines is not gold.

  • Sultan
    • Abi

      King Sultan
      This is not a weekend material. How about some Bilen music?
      አቦ አታስደብረና ምን አጠፋን?

      • Sultan

        Abisha:
        Since I LOVE you,I invite you to enjoy my lovely first cousin, Shinghirwa (meaning a” Star” in Blen)Sara’s beautiful Blen Song:

        https://youtu.be/EFZsltwiG_4

        • Abi

          King Sultan
          Beautiful!! She is really a shining star. She must be from Agew .
          Thanks for sharing ሣሪቲ የቢለን ፅቡቅቲ !
          I love you too.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Hope,

          Thank you for this song. It took me to the memory where I enjoyed with similar songs with the people of Halhal and babgengeren on my way to Sahel. Politics is not your forte. Just entertain us with arrays of multicultural Eritrean cultures.

          • Sultan

            Selam Prof Aman:
            Well, I never intended or pretended to be a Politician let alone to consider myself or act as Politician.

            As you have noticed, I go with the flow while keeping my Independence.
            I am for any Independent entity that will work for the best interest of Eritrea and Eritreans.
            I also deplore and condemn any entity ,which works against the interest of Eritra and Eritreans and I express both stands and positions unambiguously ,overtly and evening in a hyperbolic way!

            I care less if you call me a PFDJ Apologist when I criticize the other enemies of Eritrea and Eritreans including Eri Oppositions and Groups and figures as well as Activists if I feel that they are doing it in a wrong way that might jeopardize the Interest of Eritrea and Eritreans !

            Despite that I supported the EPDP and was an EPDP member, I “condemned”!few of my cousins and uncles in the EPDP when I felt that they were acting wrong and against the interest of Eritrea and Eritreans!

            Funny when people label me a “ Done Deal PFDJ Dude”, which I consider as an insult.

            I might not have been a PFDJ Insider but was a member and know exactly how it functions even though it os a FAKE one when it comes to reality coz let alone the PFDJ Card holders even the Cabinet Minsters have no clue how the System functions and what its real vision ,short and long term plans are , a completely secretive org as Min Petros Solomon, the very insider of the EPLF and the EPRP testified it publicaly!

            Getachew Redda of the TPLF accurately diagnosed it by telling us that even Yemane Monkey, the close confidante of the Capo let alone Charlie ir Osman Salih or Kisha might know the agenda of PIA.

            Gen Sibhat Efrem and Gen Karikare have had no clue what was going internally with in the EDF and the Navy.

            The anonymous proxies and well compensated Agents run the business .

            That is how far the crooked regime works.
            PIA knows everything what is said and done from top to the bottom by dealing with low level anonymous proxies .

            Every mid level to high level officer is /are closely monitored and scrutinized and being reported to the chief 24/7!

            I witnessed this when I was in DC area where a certain Ghirmay and Mike were acting the de facto Ambassadors and were reporting every min events and things while Amb Semere had no clue….
            Well,u may argue that, that is how security and intelligence work but ours is beyond disgusting.

            As Mahmuday declared it accidentally, these dudes have kept the lethal modus operand of the Security Net work and apparatus they inherited for over 25 yrs in the field.

            This is on top of the application of time tested Machiavellian tactics….
            Add to it, the divide and rule tactics as well as imposing and creating fear and mistrust among Eritreans including among family members and its subordinates and Agents.

            Worse, defamatory campaign and gossip / innuendo fully backed up by direct and mysterious ways of kidnapping and assassinating the suspects and potential opponents/ competitors, are few of effective and efficient ways of keeping things under controlled.
            These are the common modus operand of all Dictators and Democrats all over the world though.
            The uniquely dirtiest thing we have experienced is the deadly retaliation on innocent family members of those, who escape the kidnappings and assassinations (through various ways( poisoning, set up “accidents” of all types line MVA thru “majirat mechiwoch”, etc….)!

            Of course, corruption comes on top ,.Power,… $$, women, free and lucrative business, tax evasion…

            The rationale is clear and obvious:
            To keep executing its long term agenda on Eritrea and Eritrea s and time consolidate its power .
            Hope you understand now as to why the regime has remained a formidable enemy and org and as to why we Eritreans at home and in the diaspora cannot handle things well and have failed to achieve the change we have been longing for!
            And I understand the frustration of the genuine Eritreans now to the extent of seeking a “RISKY and an unholy”Alliance for a helping hand from others including our historical enemies!

            Well, I SAY :
            Do NOT rush, stay cool, be patient and get better organized and focus first on our unity and work hard on better, effective and efficient strategies.

            And people to tell me that I am an Apologist of a System, which directly affected me like most Eritreans ,is but beyond insult, not to mention the mess it created on Eritrea and Eritreans as a whole!
            I don’t owe the PFDJ anything and neither do I get or gain anything from same Regime but it owes me tons …

            I mean.. …leave me alone and mind your business and stop calling me with names and adjectives .

            My only “ weakness” is my stubborn belief that change should come only and only by and through Genuine and Independent Eritreans.
            My other “ weakness” is my rigid principle that the other enemies of Eritrea and Eritreans should be equally deplored, condemned and fought against.

            With all due respect Prof Aman, if my above “politics” is really bad and makes me “a non-forte” in politics,, well, let it be!

            Will respect your opinion and politics and you should reciprocate as such!
            But I guess you are right ;and I could have prob EXPRESSED myself WELL if the topics are in Medicine, Public Health and Christianity/ Theology/Scripture, which should be non-issues here in this Forum for obvious reasons!!

      • Sultan

        Sorry Guaddu:
        I changed it( an error from my end)!

        • Abi

          King Sultan
          Thank you . I really liked it. What is ምልምሊ ? My guess is “መለሎ”.
          I can watch this kind of dance all day long.

          • Sultan

            Happy Sat Guaddu:
            Milmil: The BEAUTY!

  • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

    ብሩኽ ዓርቢ ኣጋግዘ!

    ሓደ ስርዓት
    ኣብ ናይ ሞት ቅርዓት
    ምስ በጸሐ

    ተናኸስቲ የውፍር
    ‘ንዳፈለጠ ከምዘይስዕር
    ኣለኹ ‘ናበለ ይግዕር

    ኣስተውዒልኩም ዶ ሰብ ዓዋተ?
    ኣብዚ ግዜ ህግደፍ
    ኣውፊሩ ዝናኸሱ
    ንፍትሓውያን
    ወያነ ክብሉ ዝኸሱ
    ዋላ ትዛዕባ
    ብዛዕባ ደርፊ ‘ንከሎ
    ቾብላ!
    ምስ በሎም ንጉስ ዓዲ-ሃሎ

    ወያነ-ወያነ ይብሉ
    ይጭድሩ
    ትጽሑፍ ብዛዕባ
    ደርፊ ወዲ ገብሩ
    ምስ ወያነ ‘ንታይ ኣራኸቦ?
    ‘ንታይ ‘ሞ ክንብሎም
    ሰብ ጥፉሻት ሓቦ
    ወይ ሰብ ዝረኽቦ!

  • Peace!

    ሰላም Amanuel Hidrat,

    ጽንዓት ይሃብካ ንባዓልቲ ቤትካ ድማ ምድረ ገነት የስፍሓላ.

    Peace!

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear Peace,

      Welcome my dear..

      KS,,

  • Selamat,

    With regards to PM Abiy’s statement about the thirty years of war many good and valid arguments and counter arguments are made below in this thread. Let us consider these points in the hopes to avoid Tifozotinet.

    1) Suppose an Eritrean makes the same statement: The thirty years of war was for naught. Those of you who have gained from the thirty years of war please provide us with the lists of gains you have as of now. How about I suggest a two by two teams. Team A will consist of Consolation and Dongolo Vs. Team B consisting of Paul and Ayya Amanuel H.

    Mind you, that both teams implicitly agree that the Thirty years of war in Eritrea was not for naught. So I am wondering if both opposing teams can list what it is they have gained from the thirty years war.

    2) There seems to be a competition between the TPLF and PM Abiy of promising the return of Eritrea into the Ethiopian fold. In PM Abiy’s case his statement about the thirty year war in Eritrea is a very subtle way of communicating to his Prosperity Party even Isaias agrees with him and whatever concealed meanings the PP heads should extrapolate from his subliminal message. Like Isaias and Eritrea got his back in his bout to submit the TPLF and Isaias and Eritrea will be the gift to the staunch Andd Ethiopia folks within BltSigina.
    As for the TPLF and their maneuverings any Eritrean who says they can’t see it is a goddamn fat lier. Any Eritrean who says the TPLF is for scrambling the Eritrean narrative of the past five or six decades is again a big fat lier. In the event of war the TPLF is for an all out rewriting and repackaging Eritrea for Eritreans and Ethiopians. Any Eritrean who denies this is again a big fat lier.
    Just be honest as scholars your truth may get the response of a loud “So Effing uing cking what?” I am an Eritrean whose father and nine siblings fought in the thirty years war and then again for good measure fought three more years for Eritrea in less than a decade later. I am an Eritrean whose family were farming in plots in BaHri, as this book review mentions at the very top, descending both from Karneshim and AkeleGuzzai. The entire family fought in the 33 years of war in Eritrea but all they got is their right of NOT to farm their lands.
    And I am saying yeah the thirty three years of war in Eritrea is for NAUGHT!
    So cut the crap and your attempt to cover your Tifozotinet. You have picked your side of either Abiy and Isu OR TPLF and GenM+OPPO to crack the egg and have yourself an Eritrea and Ethiopia frittata meal and you do not give a flying rats behind. All you care is that your side wins. And don’t be surprised if the Eritrean People, yes the majority, yells back at you “SO EFFING UING CKING WHAT!” “WHAT DOES IT EFFING UING CKING MATTER TO ME WEATHER IT UNITES OR EXPLODES TO SMITHERINES” “WE THE PEOPLE CAN’T EFFING UING CKING BREATH BECAUSE YOUR KNEES IS CRUSHING OUR NECKS!”

    If I can not farm my plots in BaHri, tell me again how was the thirty years war worth anything?

    3) Or you could simply see the statement as one who has a strong aversion to war. And his use of that card to make the point of he has no intention to go to war with the TPLF is perfectly fitting and within his conflict resolution expertise bag of tricks.

    And so I end my rant of this August Rush by extending an invitation to a game of Raumschach. You all will be the game piece Unicorn. 5X5X5.

    GitSAtSE

    • Selam GitSAtSE,

      In the question, “Was the French Revolution Worth Its Human Costs?”, Jesmil Castillo of the Hostos Community college, wrote that there were two schools of thought on this topic.

      Peter Kropotkin, a russian prince, a revolutionary, said that the french revolution was worth its human cost, because it brought the destruction of serfdom, abolished absolute monarchy, for the first time a peasant could eat his fill and stand up straight and speak out his mind, france became the richest country in europe, and in addition the french revolution freed the peasants of all Europe
      On the opposite shore are those who said that there is nothing equal to human life, and the death of about 40K french was not worth it.
      The writer says that it is about who you are and your world vision, whether one sees the glass half full or half empty.
      In my opinion PMAA did not want to say that he opposed the independence of eritrea. Rather, he had in his mind that there could have been another way to achieve it, the bloodless way, and if it were not a bloody revolution, could there have been another solution that could have solved the grievances. Of course, his detractors, who wanted no other solution than the one they achieved with blood and pain, no matter its value for the people of eritrea, don’t need much to go crazy about what he said.
      The main question is if the eritrean revolution has achieved remotely what the french revolution has achieved, and if ethiopia should continue to be blamed for today’s eritrean problems, when she is independent for three decades. If there is a dictatorship in eritrea today and if eritreans return to ethiopia as refugees, a country they left behind as equal citizens, i don’t see why ethiopia or Abiy should be blamed for that. The responsibility is in the hands of eritrean elites for failing to make eritrea what they said they would make her and did nothing, and eritreans were forced to sacrifice everything. Eritrean elites should look inwards rather than to the south for explanation.

      • Consolation

        Hi Horizon,

        The main question is if the eritrean revolution has achieved remotely what the french revolution has achieved, and if ethiopia should continue to be blamed for today’s eritrean problems, when she is independent for three decades.

        You seem to conveniently forget that just seven years after our independence, the Weyane launched a 2-year devastating war on Eritrea using all Ethiopia’s resources be it human and material. When the international arbitration decided that Badme was Eritrean, Weyane’s western masters joined the fray for the next 20 years and tried every trick to defeat Eritrea even going to the extent of imposing sanctions on us under the ridiculous pretext that Eritrea supported Al Shabab! So don’t you thik we are justified to blame Ethiopa for all our problems of the past 70 years? What is more, when the Americans announced that they were going to take Eritreans who came to Ethiopia, don’t you think is would be normal for some Eritreans to go to Ethiopia, not to seek refuge as you assert, but to use Ethiopia as a conduit on their way to the USA. Do you think the tens of thousands of Ethiopians who go to Yemen are seeking refuge in the war-torn Yemen? Of course not. their destination is Saudi Arabia. If it hadn’t been for Ethiopia, first under Amhara rule and then Tigrayan dominance, Eritrea would have marched forward. And it is precisely because they knew that the can-do and self-reliant people of Eritrea would be a shining example for Africa tha the western colonialists have, using Ethiopia, threw every wrench on our way! Remember that the tens of thousands of Tigrayans, Oromos, and Amharas who have been demonstrating the past month entered Europe and the USA claimig to be Eritreans. And the US government and the EU know it. But they will tolerate as long as they think it will suck some Eritrean youth out of Eritrea!

        • Teodros Alem

          selam consolation
          U r talking about assumptions.
          Starting from the federation untill now there r two views about ethio-eri.
          1, some say eri forcefully annexed, other say eri reunited, there were even an eritrean poltical party called “andent,
          2, some say the federation dissolved, other say eri parliament voted for full unity
          3, in 1998 war, u guys said ethiopia started the war but The UN and ethiopia said eritrea started the war.
          So in the eyes of most ethiopians eritrea is the one putting ethiopia in war footage for over 50 years and the last 20 years relative development is the prove.

          • Consolation

            Tedros,

            It is pointless to argue with uninformed people. The UN resolution that created the federal arrangement between Ethiopia and Eritrea explicitly states that neither side had the right to abrogate the act and that any such act would invite the intervention by the UN. As for the 1998-2000, Badme is inside Eritrea. That was the pretext for the war. But the TPLF had a bigger objective. We know it and you know it. And the Weyane have lost both Badme and their Greater Tigray dream. So deal with your defeat!

          • Teodros Alem

            selam consolation
            U r lying for urself, if that is what makes u happy, go ahead keep lying.

          • Consolation

            Teddy,

            Which of my statements is a lie, that Badme is Eritrean property; that the Greater Tigray Dream has been defeated or that Ethiopia or Eritrea had no right to dissolve the federation.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam conso
            greater tg dream has not been defeated, still they r talking about it for almost 50 years and will keep talking about it i say for another 8+ years.
            2, bedeme is still under edf control.
            3, when eri Federated under ethiopia, it means eri was under ethiopia sovereignty and u r lying there was no such things, and the other narrators say ethiopia didn’t dissolved eri Federation, it is the eri parliament dissolved it.
            4, blame the eri commandos, the general aman and other eris in military and gov offices, specially the commandos, not me.
            5, eri is sovereign independent country now, what the problem is? why u keep nagging ethiopia?

        • Selam consolation,

          All the points you mentioned above had been said in the past by different people at different times.
          The war was started by the Eritrean regime. It was the decision of the investigating body. Soon after independence, you started war with Yemen, then Sudan, Djibouti and finally Ethiopia. Who would fight four wars in less than a decade unless it is a war mongering regime, and its war effort was supported by almost all eritreans within the country and in the diapers.

          Sanctions were imposed due to the Eritrean regime’s meddling in Somalia. Remember, one of the war lords had stayed for some time in Asmara. It was also said that the fact that the Eritrean regime was breaching the arms embargo was also the reason. Anyway, the reasons are there for everybody to read. Even then the sanctions were lifted by the effort of the present Ethiopian government.

          Ethiopia is still seen as an enemy country by many Eritreans. Why would any Eritrean go there when there is Sudan and Djibouti? If eritreans see ethiopia as a country that is no more the enemy of eritrea, wants peace, cooperation, etc, ethiopia would have no problem whatsoever. Even today there are many eritreans who are not going to pass through, as you said, because time doesn’t wait for anybody, and there are some who are trying to make ethiopia their home or place of business. There is no problem when there is good will.

          You are of the opinion that because the west was jealous of eritrea’s developmental potential, it used every means, ethiopia included, to block her way to greatness. Why should the west be against Eritrea’s development? What has it to lose from a small African country that wants to shine in the horn of Africa, as you said.

          Let’s say that what you say about ethiopian refugees using Eritrea to gain refugee status was true, although I doubt that many Amaras and Oromos new the language, and the west was not naive not to use somebody who knew the language of the region, when it concerns tens and hundreds of thousands of refugees. Even then, was an Eritrean turned back, because of these people?

          You said, “suck some Eritrean youth out of Eritrea”. That was the language used by the eritrean regime. Do you believe that giving priority to eritrean refugees was a conspiracy by the west against eritrea to empty the land, and there was no push factor from within eritrea? Is it fair that you don’t want others to have the same chance you had yourself?

          You also say that you have triumphed, but you do not seem to be aware of the three decades wasted when nothing happened in independent eritrea. Whatever happened after 1991 was your own responsibility.

          So you believe that you could have dismantled ethiopia without any repercussions to you. You believe that you could have used the olf card, because they are supposed to opt for independence like tplf. We are seeing today what they had in mind, and the oromo people could have risen against these extremists. Both tplf and eplf knew that they were not immune, and they chose to exploit ethiopia, until the day they came at each other’s neck on who gets what. When tplf came to addis and the MHM ran away, ethiopians had the feeling that they were ethiopian fighters, and they didn’t have any idea in their minds that they could dismantle ethiopia with eplf. Otherwise, it could have been a life or death fight. Never will Ethiopia ever allows such things too happen again, because today they know very well who is who.

          • Consolation

            Horizon,

            Yes we have triumphed. We have defeated our enemies, Amhara colonialists and Weyane Greater Tigray dreamers. We are now set to redeem what we have lost. I repeat, had the western colonialists not put stupendous hurdles on our path, using Ethiopia, we would have achieved our economic and political objectives. Now that we have beat the dirty Weyanes, we are set to accomplish the Eritrean dream. A people that has defeated all its adversaries is unstoppable.

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam Consolation,

            We have triumphed by defeating the largest Army in Black Africa, supported by the two super powers, U.S and the Soviet Union. No one could stop us.

            The western colonialists using the minion Ethiopia as a vassal put stupendous hurdles on our path, just for the fun of it, to stifle our economic and political objectives. They got defeated.

            Now only Weyanes are left and we must defeat them.

            You know Consolation, it is o.k to say all these things in national songs during independence day or a motivational poetry for raising funds etc.in private.
            When you say all these things in public, it is a little embarrassing. After all we still consider you a kin.
            If your crazy uncle talks about his sexual exploits at a family gathering, you must take him to the side and tell him to please stop or else.

            Mr. K.H

          • Abi

            Mr Kim
            Bragging is a consolation prize.

          • Paulos

            Selam Ato Kim Hanna,

            In an optical illusion, a Kitten standing right in front of a mirror sees a Lion instead. If a real Lion only knew when his glory is used for a pet. Only if the Lion knew.

            The sad thing about these guys is that instead of going after the sadist old man who has destroyed the glory, valor and a presumed future they talk about, they keep chasing a wind if not an apparition while shooting in the air. What a pity!

          • Consolation

            KH,

            Truth is never embarrassing. What should be embarrassing is when a rag-tag organization like the TPLF which rode to power on Eritrean tanks fabricates history and claims to have shook mountains. It is now coming out that the Weyane thugs killed more than 40,000 Tigrayas. One of their leaders confessed that the number of their fighters they murdered was double than those killed fighting the Derg. The TPLF is a spent force and has been defeated. It is a corpse waiting to be buried.

          • Paulos

            Consolation,

            Would you care to educate us on the difference between illusion, delusion and hallucination? Much obliged. Sure go ahead and use the Weyanes if you want to use a sentence for an example.

          • Consolation

            Paulino,

            An Eritrean who is enamoured with a criminal gang of kelptocrats that has tried to erase his country’s existence should look no further than his own mental state to educate himself about illusion, delusion and hallucination. Introspection is the best medicine.

      • Aligaz G

        H,

        Your analysis is flawed because any revolution can justify deaths by your logic. In Amharic the 74 Revolution is always described as exploding – the implication being a sense of wildness or lack of control similar to a wildfire consuming everything in its path. People who study revolutions always point to a moment of inevitability but that moment always comes because other options are blocked often times deliberately by professional agitators. Therefore tragically and paradoxically Revolutions with all their attendant death and mayhem are actually almost never justified.

  • Sultan

    A book review is a form of literary criticism in which a book is merely described (summary review) or analyzed based on content, style, and merit.[1] A book review may be a primary source, opinion piece, summary review or scholarly review.[2] Books can be reviewed for printed periodicals, magazines and newspapers, as school work, or for book web sites on the Internet. A book review’s length may vary from a single paragraph to a substantial essay. Such a review may evaluate the book on the basis of personal taste. Reviewers may use the occasion of a book review for an extended essay that can be closely or loosely related to the subject of the book, or to promulgate their own ideas on the topic of a fiction or non-fiction work.

    Some journals are devoted to book reviews, and reviews are indexed in databases such as Book Review Index and Kirkus Reviews; but many more book reviews can be found in newspaper and scholarly databases such as Arts and Humanities Citation Index, Social Sciences Citation Index and discipline-specific databases.

    Photios I of Constantinople has been called “the inventor of the book-review” for his work, Bibliotheca.[3]

  • Simon Kaleab

    Selam all,

    Translating, summarising and reviewing of a difficult book which requires a lot of hard work, which is a thankless job.

    An important reminder, to Eritreans, from this review:

    “Eritrea is not simply under the iron rule of one dictator but is under a system that made possible the inception and consolidation of dictatorship. So, it is not simply a question of pushing Isaias out through the window but of changing a system of governance that was built though the last fifty years by active support of people like RT himself. The death or disappearance of Isaias would not necessarily lead to democratic transition.”

    Thank you professor TN.

    • mad mullah

      Hello Simon,
      You make an important point. However, I do believe a generational change similar to what we are witnessing in Ethiopia can have an impact on the System built by or that sustains IA. I believe folks like RT would be best served by focusing on passing and building or supporting the future generation leadership.

  • Sultan

    Hello All:
    No clue as to why we are being dragged to the old and foregone days and the issue already CLOSED FOR GOOD and FOR EVER!
    Well, we know why but my point is:
    Why waste our time being dragged ?
    The time and now is and should be to focus on :
    How can we build trust and work together as Independent and Sovereign nations and peoples and to live in peace as good neighbors and work for a mutual and respectful Economic Integration.
    If inevitable in the long run, Political Integration will follow but we are putting the cart before the horse , albeit deliberately to distract and confuse Eritreans so as to expedite the so called political integration or Confederation!
    By doing so, those losers, chauvinists and expansionists are just pushing us to think towards North and Middle East .

    Prof Negash et al:

    By bringing up those obsolete stories and biased articles or reviews , you are just EXPOSING repeatedly your evil agenda and intention against Eritrea and and Eritreans , which is destructive to say the least!

    It would more constructive if you focus on Peaceful Co-existence and working on an Economic Integration.

    Few facts as a reminder to the naive, and to further expose the story / Tiwfit tellers and players:

    -There was no such thing or Nation/ State called Ethiopia before 1900

    -Like all other or most African Nations, Eritrea was founded as a separate entity / Colony and was administered and governed as such for over 60 yrs

    -Against the wishes of the Eritrean Majority , Eritrea was confederated with Ethiopia and followed by a FORCEFUL unification with Ethiopia by DESTROYING the Federal and Democratic Institutions of Eritrea ,followed by the destruction of Eritrea into ashes besides moving the Vital economic infrastructure to Ethiopia and massacre of Eritreans and total destruction their livelihood and villages through all kinds of modalities and means of destruction ,ONLY and ONLY for the interest of Ethiopia and its Western Masters, which ANGERED Eritreans and FORCED them to pick up arms after they failed with political struggle.

    Finally, Eritrea and Eritreans claimed what it belongs to them by force by destroying the largest and strongest Black Army against all odds.
    Rather than declaring a well deserved and LEGITIMATE Independence immediately, they rather CONFIDENTLY opted for a well OBSERVED and monitored smooth REFERENDUM and confirmed their choice and wish by voting 99.99% YES, which they already ACHIEVED militarily.

    So, what is the FUSS and Mumbo-Jumbo about questioning the already closed case ?

    Dear Prof Negash:

    With all due respect to you,while respecting your opinion and academic status, dice or slice it in any way you want it, NO MATER WHAT and IRRESPECTIVE of what ,the case is AS IS and will remain AS IS, that Eritrea and Eritreans are Independent and Sovereign Nation and people.

    The fact that a single individual messed up and hijacked the dream and became a Dictator cannot, should not and will not change that hard earned Independence and Sovereignty, earned with blood and sacrifice, under any circumstance and situation.

    Even though we have had more than enough ideas and strategies,wewould appreciate you as an Academic person, if you could suggest some constructive ideas and strategies to augment those we have on the table already, as to how to bring in a positive and durable past due change in Eritrea .

    Beyond that, please,HANDS OFF ERITREA and Eritreans .

    We don’t need any lectures about the history of Eritrea and Eritreans by outsiders and strangers since we have made it and we owe it…. and we will keep making it and and owning it.

    • Paulos

      Sultan,

      Shifting…..you strike me as someone who visits Meskerem-dot-net on daily bases if not you do nevertheless. Gone are the days where the website bashes the Weyanes but it claims a new praxis is in the offing where the Oromos, Eritreans and Tigreans are converging in a tactical alliance to defeat Isaias-Abiy axis. This is certainly new if not a paradigm shift a long time coming.

      What is even daring is that, the Y’Akil movement in Tigrai had an interview with Tedros Mengistu of Assenna and they confirmed their redness to remove Isaias when the same host finished interviewing Alula Solomon of TMH. Moreover, the latter just finished an interview with Bereket Yohannes–younger brother of Aster Yohannes. Again this is new where a keen observer should take note where two years ago was something improbable to even happen but of course human vagaries and political contingencies are hard to foresee. In the meantime, Abiy is losing control when whatever Isaias touches turns to ashes.

      • Sultan

        Doc:
        Your point?
        Remove IA how and under what circumstance and precondition ?
        Just for the sake of it?
        The fact that same political acrobats and bloody enemies of Eritrea and Eritreans , who have been preaching and spreading Toxic Propaganda against Eritrea and Eritreans and their unity interviewed Eritreans under The TPLF PAYROLL is nothing but a PR GIMMICK!
        Kindey gurra and propaganda zeireAna!
        Granted, if Eritreans and Eritreans only can achieve removing the regime through Eritreans and Eritrean forces exclusively for the best interest of Eritrea and Eritreans. Well, that is we have been working for.
        Hoyya hoyye without enough and cautious and judicious preparation will end up in what Berhe tsaida told you to your face

        • Sultan

          Selam Me:
          It has been claimed,”Almost all Eri Opposition Groups and most Eri Media outlets and Social Media Warriors on and against Eritrea and Eritreans have been under the TPLF payroll”!
          A well informed and reliable source declared.

          • mad mullah

            Hello Sultan,
            Are you trying to be provocative? you sound like Trump when he says “Some people say….
            My question to you is… how do you get access to TPLF payroll? It sounds like they got a lot of money…

          • Paulos

            MM,

            I wonder if Sultan has the owners of this website who provide him a platform to express his opinion in mind when he says Eritrean Opposition are under TPLF payroll.

          • Dongolo

            Selam Paulos. I refer to Awate’s own article (12/02/18) ‘Eritrean Opposition Faces an imminent Ultimatum’ Quote: Ethiopia provides varying support to different Eritrean organizations, but most of the support it provides is token funds to cover sundry expenses and free office space and bearing the cost of the many meetings. An activist from England asked, “what good is an office if not a single tangible contribution to the struggle against the PFDJ cannot be presented?”. How much has the TPLF paid out to Eritrean Opposition? It hasn’t been petty cash that’s for sure!

          • Sultan

            Dongolo:
            In fact there was a chart showing how much cash dighomma exactly each organization was getting;worse ,in a selective and discriminatory preferential (treatment) way .
            An average monthly allocation was between 30,000 and 65,000 birr per month.

          • Sultan

            Mad boy:
            Would you be surprised if the TPLF have them in its Payroll like the PFDJ had done it for the Ethiopian Opposition groups?
            FYI,getting an access to that kind of payroll is one of the easiest works of the Intelligence !

          • Sultan

            Ok Mod:
            My sincere apology!
            Not my intention to get engaged in a “Defamatory Propaganda” though.

      • Peace!

        Paulosay,

        ሓደ ግርማይ ዝብሃል ነይሩ ብንእስነት ንስድርኡን ንጎረባብቱን ምስ ኣሸገሮም ኣብኡ በቃ ሓዳር ይፈትን ቁሩብ ዘፍ እንተበለ ኢሎም በጊዕ ክገዝኡ ከዱ ንቲ ዓሚሎም ምስረኽቡዎ ንግርማይ ወደይ ክነሕጽዮ ሓሲብና ኣሎና ስብሕ ዝበለት በጊዕ ረኣየልና ምስበሎ ሓንቲ ካብተን ኣባጊዕ ቡፍእ-ቡፍእ-ብፍእ ግርማይ? ኣላ ሳሓቕ ሞሊቑዋ ንብለካ:) come on Professor! Dr. and false dream do not go together.

        Peace!

  • Nitricc

    Hi All. It got to be the reason why there are so many Africans with so many Ph-D’s and tragically, with a useless one. You know the one like Tekeste Negash, Merrara, Esqal Gabisa, if I have to guess, 98% of the Africans with Ph-D are of a such subject. My question is why? Why do you need a Ph-D to be a historian? Why do you need a Ph-D to be an anthropologist? Why do you need a Ph-D to be a sociologist? You get my drift. But why? After long time, no answer; surprisingly the answer came from Ethiopian philosopher. I will post the link over the weekend but for now, let me summarized the points. He thinks all African problems are by design of the Westerners. He said, when 1950’s and 60’s when Africans were getting their independence, the westerners got to gather and laid a plan how to get back Africa. And one of the plans was handing out Ph-D’s as many as fast to Africans one the subject of I have mentioned above. The main point was while Africans dig it out and slug with each other led by the African-Ph-D’s, let the West concentrate is Science and Technology. Then, we can recolonize Africa. If not, that will be the end of African resources and row materials. The moral of the story? People should not listen and follow such Ph-D’s, professors and the rest of the useless educated idiots. As it planned, they are serving their masters by keeping African masses going at each other’s throat because history was told by one useless idiot. I will post the Ethiopian guy take though, so you can see for yourself, to agree or disagree.

  • Paulos

    Selam Professor Negash,

    I for one and I believe others as well appreciate your scholarship where your previous works are testaments to that effect. A bit of a disclosure–I am a dedicated student of yours. Moreover, as you have mentioned it in passing with in the review, you stood your ground when it was extremely lonely to sail against the powerful tide. And that is one hell of a character great men are made of whether one agrees with your stand or not. That said, this work of yours is pretty sloppy and it would be great if you could address the Forum for your future works might not be taken with the seriousness they otherwise deserve. Much obliged.

    • Ismail Ahmad

      Selam Dr. Paulos,

      Your advice to Prof. TN caught my attention. One of the hurdles most Eritreans have (in my view) is being not able to separate political opinion from other things such social matters and professional expertise. I think it is proper to give Prof. TN full credit for his academic achievements as scholar, while at the same time vigorously disagreeing with his political conviction as related to Eritrea’s right to determine its political existence in whatever way it’s people chose. Only this time did I clearly understood the reason for his position after reading footenote # 6.

      • Paulos

        Selam Kbur Haw Ismail AA,

        I certainly don’t know him from Adam so to speak but I have read all his books if not most. One can have pretty much a clear idea why he stood alone in conviction relative Eritreans claim for independence when it was extremely unpopular to do so particularly in the early years of the 90s. And I say, that is quite a character.

        My experience is that, to understand a writer one has to bring into the loop the author’s environment, social milieu including a household where the author grew up in for they shape up and influence the author’s conviction and the central theme of his or her work as well. And I don’t think Professor Negash is an exception. But again, he writes well with a sense of clarity, methodology and exhaustive researched material as well.

        • Ismail AA

          Selam Dr. Paulos,

          Precisely, it’s what you wrote in the second paragraph of your entry that led me to comment on the advice you offered to him. “I was brought up to keep clear from any political activity that was not sanctioned by the Ethiopian state”, he told us. I saw honesty in this. It was loyalty to what was inculcated in his mind in the household. Anything that “the Ethiopian state” didn’t approve meant to be upheld as taboo in his mind.

          • Haile S.

            Selam Ismail and Paul,

            I agree with both.

            ….. and yet, it was precisely the flow against the household current of the Andnetist fathers that reinforced (among others) the movements for liberation to arrive at the level we know. I remember vividly the intramural discussions that were going in our neighborhood where staunch Andnetist fathers didn’t understand first and then didn’t know how to handle when their elder sons and daughters deviated from their stands. When TN reproaches RT about his Mayoral protectors, it sounds like reproaching for betrayal.

            Curiously the deviation from the father is repeating itself now. Are we condemned to deviate from the father (I am refraining from calling it, committing a Patricide)? I hope we will not remain in this vicious cycle and in other similar cycles that keep bringing us to the point of departure. It is not only within generation that genuine dialogue is missing, but also between generation.

          • Ismail AA

            Selam dear Haile and Dr. Paulos,

            Prof. TN’s sharing of his political upbringing in footnote #6 can be understood or noted as a revelation. In my humble view, the source is a kind of orientalist hierarchical mindset set on conformity to household values and norms. By the way, there a kind of universalism here. Whose family was/is Moslem becomes Moslem; and whose family was/is Christian is Christian. Perhaps, as modernity and cultural openness, reinforced by education and exposure to other cultures, will make incremental assault on the narrow family-based upbringing, what you aptly termed Patricide may be inevitable. But, it worth noting that Prof. TN stood loyal, despite his educational background.

          • Paulos

            Selam Hailat,

            That is a brilliant insight. And hope others expound on it for it is paradoxical in the sense that, TN himself makes the argument that it was the Andenetist who worked hard more than the fair share of the King to abolish the Federation. And to your point, their sons and daughters opted for total separation and it remains curious if they revolted against their fathers as much as the Ethiopian rulers. It is as well to be seen if the third generation is to absolve and vindicate the grand-fathers. Hope the last is not the case.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Dr Paulos & ”Hailat,

            To be exact “Andnet” was more pronounced by Christian highlanders to abort the federal arrangement. That is why the Muslim lowlanders had to launch a “liberation front” to fight for our self-determination that eventually became the cause of our struggle. It took 14 years the young generation of the highlanders to join in masse’ (save the few who joined earlier) to the cause.

            Interestingly enough, we are observing again from here and there, a kind of “ ጦብላሕታ አንድነት” from the same Christian highlanders – a reminiscence of our fathers of the 40s and 50s.

            Regards

          • Paulos

            Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

            There is a concerted effort much more pronounced these days to weaken if not to whitewash the legacy of the thirty years struggle where what Abiy said last week is one among the others. Eritrea is in a bad shape not because the struggle was flawed but because the Front was unable to morph from a guerrilla mentality into a custodian of a nation-state. And it behooves us to make a distinction between the two. The struggle for independence was a just cause where Eritreans were left with no option but to take matters into their own hands.

            To get back to your comment, certainly, there was a valid anxiety and uncertainty the Lawlanders felt when the Highlanders conspired with the then Ethiopian rulers when the end result was abrogating the Federation. Equally responsible was the betrayal of the UN which was mandated to see the Federation endure but kept silent when it was dissolved. The people who took their cause to the mountains felt betrayed not only by the Highlanders and Ethiopia but by the world as well. The ghost of the late 50s seem to be making a visit when Isaias is conspiring with Abiy when the sycophants in between cheer them both with glee and stupidity.

          • Consolation

            Paulino,

            There is a concerted effort much more pronounced these days to weaken if not to whitewash the legacy of the thirty years struggle where what Abiy said last week is one among the others.

            There was a juvenile attempt by the desperado to interpret what Abiy said as a disparagement of our struggle. It is juvenile because you are forgetting that there are two sides in a war. In this particular case, the Eritrean side defeated the Ethiopian side. Thus, doesn’t it occur to you that Abiy, as a leader of Ethiopia, was speaking about his country’s 30 year war to retain Eritrea? It is obvious that that effort was futile just as the second world war, from the point of view of Germans, was totally futile. You shouldn’t let your emotions overpower your reason.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam consolation
            The 30 years war was a civil war , eri was part of ethiopia and the world knew eritrea as part of ethiopia so it was a civil war but the war that fought in 1998’200 it was eritrea-ethiopia war and ethiopia not just defeated eritrea , a total defeat also if it was not for meles ethiopia could have wipe out of eritrea from the face of the earth. That is the fact and the whole world knows about it.

          • Dongolo

            Selam Tedros Alem. 1) Eritrea has never been part of Ethiopia, 2) If you have totally defeated your enemy it is logical that you do no sign a peace agreement and hand over matters to a border commission, 3) Getachew Assefa is on record as saying that Seeye Abraha pressed for war to be waged in Eritrea instead of peacefully resolving matters, 4) Ethiopia’s premise for entering into a border war with Eritrea was wrong as Badme is Eritrean.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam dongolo
            This is why u guys worshipping and hating 3A and ethiopia as if u guys r ethiopia?

          • Dongolo

            Selam Tedros Alem. HIM, Meles or 3A aside; Ethiopia only needs to do the right thing by withdrawing from Eritrean land and be a respectful neighbor.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam dongolo
            Agree but we were talking about …

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam Dongolo,

            Just for your information alignment and adjustment.
            I think you should learn from Teodros, he is having the best day.
            A former Ethiopian Prime Minister asked an Eritrean representative at the U.N when the status of Eritrea was being discussed after World war II.

            “Who was the King, Emperor, Sultan or leader of Eritrea in history before the colonialists came.”
            The Eritrean rep. didn’t have an answer, because there was none.

            If Tigray was the topic, they would have said King Yohannes.

            You should be grateful to Meles (from Tigray) for the 1998-2000 war outcome. If it were up to Seeye Abraha (from Tigray) the conversation today would have been different.

            Mr. K.H

          • Nitricc

            You should be grateful to Meles (from Tigray) for the 1998-2000 war outcome. If it were up to Seeye Abraha (from Tigray) the conversation today would have been different

            KIM please do your homework. if a digital weyane to say that well, what is now but a person of your caliber? I will give you a starting point; read one the war igniter Gebru Asrat’s book. please and then come and tell me.

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam Nitricc,

            Just as you are trying, I am trying to inform our Friend Dongolo with a reliable accurate information.
            As far as Gebru Asrat, I think I will rely more on the U.N finding that Eritrea instead of bringing the boarder dispute to the U.N went in with tanks as an aggressor.

            BTW what was your response to my “Projection” post that my other good friend Amanuel Hidrat agreed with?

            Mr K.H

          • Nitricc

            KIM; i learn something new. i checked it out and the example it gave was funny.

            For example, a husband who has a hostile nature might attribute this hostility to his wife and say she has an anger management problem

            The point is how do we know that if the wife isn’t triggering the hostility? think about it? Does this man behave with other women the same or just with his wife? if it is just toward his wife i.e. the wife the cause of the behavior. If Eritreans think about all the surrounding countries the same as what they think of Ethiopia then your logic applies but if Eritreans think only about Ethiopia i.e. Ethiopia is the source of the hostility and it is legit.

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam Nitricc,

            Your response was so funny. I have to leave it there.

            Mr. K.H

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Kim,

            The so called Ethiopia with its borders was created after the colonialist partitioned the Horn of Africa (Kenya, Somalia, Djibouti, Eritrea, and Sudan) which are the neighbors of your country. There was no a country with defined borders before the colonialist partitioned the continent. You had the feudal lords who had their own estate they control and who never stop fighting each other. That is the fact if you could able to swallow it, Mr Kim.

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam Amanuel Hidrat,

            Can you name at least the name of a single “war lord” in Eritrea, before Eritrea was called Eritrea by the Italian guy.

            I think we had many many “war lords” including Aba Jiffar, Ahmed Gragn, Teodros, Yohannes and many others fighting to consolidate. I have a feeling, not being a historian, the current Eritreans are descendants of some of those “war lords”

            Mr. K.H

          • Dongolo

            Thanks Kim Hanna for the advice and good to see that you are already treating Tigray as if it were already an independent country. I am sure that dialogue between Tigray and Eritrea will greatly improve once Tigray becomes independent, especially in that Ethiopian and Eritrean relations will no doubt dramatically improve with the advent of an independent Tigray.

          • Saleh Johar

            Teodros,
            In a way, all wars victimize civilians. The warring factions are a manifestation of public (civilian) anger. But i am afraid the civil war term is used to belittle the Eritrean struggle for self-determination. Whatever you call it, it remains a war between oppressors and freedom seekers. Most struggles for freedom can be defined in any way one wishes, but the gist is, it is between and oppressor and the oppressed.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam Saleh Johar
            I think u agree 1, the 30 years war was about for independence of eritrea through self determine and i think u agree eritrea was part of ethiopia based on UN, AU and ethiopia .

          • Brhan

            Hello Tedros,
            Was is a past tense. Gone. But we have to learn from the past:
            You remember Ethiopia destroyed the federal arrangment with Eritrea and you know what was the result. And now Abiy may repeat the same mistake with Tigray. Can’t you guys learn from history?

          • Teodros Alem

            selam brhan
            chelema, 1, eri under Federation was part of ethiopia, 2, a dream come true.
            3, it was a civil war and there was no country called eritrea before the referendum and general aman and so many eris working in military and other government offices in ethiopia at the time r my witness.

          • Saleh Johar

            Teodros,
            I told you earlier, it doesn’t matter what old maps and royal decrees say. Everything was challenged and we now have our own country. Am I supposed to say, ‘we are free, but we have Ethiopia as an abusive wife and we had to divorce her” every time I mention Eritrea? Does that satisfy your requirement? It was a painful forced marriage and we annulled it? But if you insist, you can also say it was an Italian colony, but that doesn’t make us all Italians though it was in the maps and the Italian flag was hoisted in Eritrea for many decades.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam Saleh Johar
            The question is not about eritrea is a sovereign country, it’s crystal clear eritrea is sovereign country now, it has been 30 years.
            Im talking about eritrea before the referendum, eritrea under liberation war from ethiopia.
            I say again under any international laws eri was part of ethiopia before the independence of eritrea regardless of some eritreans or all eritreans agree or not. there r a lot of tigraians wants tigrai to be independent country but that doesn’t make it tigrai is not part of ethiopia right now.

          • Consolation

            Selam Tedors,

            It may have been a civil war, but to us it was a war of kicking out the Ethiopian occupiers. It ended with Eritrean tanks chasing Mengistu out of his palace, and installing the Weyane in his place. In 1998-2000, despite the 10-1 advantage the Weyane had, we stood our ground killing 130,000 Ethiopians and forcing the Weyane to settle the matter in court, which they could have done without wasting so many Ethiopians. The Ethiopians, with Eritrean help, have kicked the Weyane out of power and have quarantined them in Mekele. We can now deal with the dirty thieves at our own leisure. But if you are not in deep denial, it is obvious now that the TPLF will be eradicated!

          • Teodros Alem

            selam consolation
            U don’t see us crying, u thr one all over the place crying, that is called defeat

          • Consolation

            Hi Tedros,

            That is funny. I see Tigrayans like Abay Tsehaie begging Eritreans, Others have formed a movement called Agazian in hopes that Eritreans would save them. Many Ethiopians now believe that as long as Eritrea is on their side, Ethiopia will not disintegrate, so much so that the Ethio 360 analysts were decrying this phenomenon the other day. As I said above, we will now effect the demise of our worst enemy, the TPLF, at our own leisure without firing a shot.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam consolation
            What u talking about is nothing to do with ethiopia or the 30 years or 98-2000 wars, it is all about tribalism with 3000 history, this people r tribal with 3000 history with no sense of nationhood, they r trying to creat thier own country for the first time but claim 3000 bulshit.
            and they has been blamed for separation of eri by so many and they r some how trying to change some psych.

          • Paulos

            Consolation,

            First it was Tamrat Negara who said, we can walk or stroll as if Eritrea is a park while brushing teeth. Then Isaias said, ባጽዕ ቀደም ሉል ናይ ቀይሕ ባሕሪ ትባሃል ኔራ and he went on to say, ሎሚ ባጽዕ ኣበይ’ኣላ–ባጽዕ የላን! It was with in these heap of contempt Abiy said what he said about the “wasted for nothing” 30 years struggle for independence.

            ኣብይ ብጠጠውካ ንዒቑካ
            ዋጋ የብልካን ኢሉካ
            ኣይተጻባብቆ ሰብኣይ ኩን
            ባዓል ስረ ኤርትራዊ ምዃንካ
            ኣርእዮ ተኺእልካ!

          • Dongolo

            Selam Paulos. You endlessly try to rewrite history with a favorable TPLF slant. I have never seen you do the same to favor Eritrea. Your identity and purpose is clear.

          • Consolation

            Paulino,

            Why you give any value to what a son of an Ethiopian soldier who died in Massawa says is very baffling. I suggest that you listen to what Mengistu, at the height of his power when inaugurating the red star campaign, said, for that might help you to put matters in perspective. But I suppose the defeat of your Weyane friends has deranged your poor mind. You better disengage as otherwise their eminent demise may cause you serious mental instabilities!

          • Paulos

            Consolation,

            Keep talking Fratello. Keep talking.

          • Nitricc

            Thus, doesn’t it occur to you that Abiy, as a leader of Ethiopia, was speaking about his country’s 30 year war to retain Eritrea?

            Hi Conso; if one is not a dumb digital weyane idiot; one must ask why would PMAA tell that story to his parliaments? It is obvious PMAA was telling his people how war is crippling and costly. I agree with his PMAA, if Ethiopia used all the resources spend on Eritrea over 30 years, We will be talking about different Ethiopia and that was exactly PMAA was saying but you know the Digital Weyane have to earn their pay.

          • Saleh Johar

            Nitricc,
            One has to be a senseless inanimate log to say it in the way he did, as if people did it for fun. It was forced on Eritreans and not because they liked to shed blood or sacrifice their people. He didn’t acknowledge the cause for it and if apportioning equal quilt to the victim and victimizer. It’s not vague as he made it sound. One has to be careful when talking about such emotional issues, sensitivities and deep scars. You cannot talk about it lightly as if discussing a football match. Also, please do not dishonor that tragedy by bringing digital Weyane or analogue Higdef. The scars and pain predates all of that. its history has started way back before the mouth opener terms became tools of partisan politics. Have some sensitivity.

          • Nitricc

            Hey SG; I don’t know if you know this or not but in the eyes of Ethiopia and Ethiopians; there is no Eritrea. I am certain of it, the minute Eritrea is weak and divided, Ethiopians are the first one to choke Eritrea by the throat. So, don’t be surprised by the small talk of insignificant person. Once PMAA told to a group of Oromo intellectuals that “Ethiopia is hand cupped without Eritrea.” And when PMAA was asked about the Eritrean ports by the blind man, mentally and visually blind, so called journalist Tedross; PMAA had the chance to put the issued to bed. But he did the opposite. So, my point is, don’t expect any kind of sensitivity from the Ethiopians, the moment you are weak and divided they will come to eliminate you, the truth!!!! Even the TPLF thugs tried to reverse the independence of the nation. Don’t take my word, read Gebru Asrat’s book. He put it in black and white. Eritreans are ordained to sleep with one eye open and to stand vanguard. Although I reject PIA’s involvement in Ethiopians affair. I understand both nations have to work together but what PIA is doing is wrong and risky. What in the hell is PIA taking PMAA to SAWA? The whole thing is dangerous to Eritrea and Eritreans.

          • Abi

            General
            SAWA is an equal opportunity boot camp. Nothing more. Isu has to show off his accomplishment for the last 30 years.

          • Hashela

            Abi
            Welcome back from rehab (ማጨሎት)!

          • Abi

            Hashela
            What rehab? I was not sick. I think you confused me with someone else.

          • Aligaz G

            Abi,

            Isu was bored out of his mind until PM AAA showed up. cheers

          • Abi

            Aligaz
            Champions league in action today.
            City is playing Madrid. Go City! Always rooting for Premier League Teams.
            I agree with you that Abiye brought Isuye back from the cold.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Nitricc,

            When Ethiopian PM and Ethiopian Generals talk, that is detrimental to our sovereignty, you call it small talk and insignificant. But when TPLF like Siye talk similar talks you took them as serious. Wondmye, don’t forget that they are all Ethiopians of the same dream, when it comes to Eritrea. Don’t be foolish, and don’t try to preach us for those of us who were fighting against their dream when it comes to Eritrea and its ports.

          • Teodros Alem

            aman h
            Any normal mind people will tell u , u guys r the one who act like ethiopians, listen to urself, u guys r by far the one undermines the sovereignty of eritrea, why would ethiopian need eritrea? There is nothing, i said nothing ethiopia gains from eritrea by undermining eri sovereignty and uniting eritrea, tell us something that makes ethiopia benefit from eritrea, even 3A didn’t do any long term project with eritrea except peace, what ethiopia needs is just peace(assab and afar is another issue).

          • Saleh Johar

            Teodros,
            Contradiction?
            1: “.. why would Ethiopia need Eritrea? …Ethiopia just needs Peace”
            2. Asset and Afar is another issue”

            Can you try to reconcile your two statements?

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam Saleh Johar
            1, ethiopia ‘s interest more protected with sovereign peaceful eritrea , ethiopia will not gain with war or unity with eritrea, but to add more economical and political problems.
            2, there r people who think assab and bademe issues r complicated, there r a lot of ethiopia think assab issue is afars issue and unfairly separated.

          • Saleh Johar

            Selam Tedros,
            I understand your logic. It’s just like the territories that Minelik annexed. I know people stuck in a time period before the present situations, all over the world.

            Still, the contradiction is there. You can’t claim to favor stability and respect of sovereignty and yet eye pieces here and there, within a sovereign nation–regardless of the excuses and the attempts to complicate it. Plain and simple, the two are contradictory. One is pretension of being peaceful while the other is wanton psychological aggression, if there is such a term. Let’s stop it there and thank you.

            Cheers.

          • mad mullah

            Hello Amanuel,
            I just have a simple question is our sovereignty so fragile that someone talking about puts people on tailspin.

            It is almost in the mind of some people Eritrean Independence is like going to store and purchasing product with store owner worried someone will return the merchandise.

            I don’t know exactly and in what context Dr. Abiy talked about Eritrean Independence if he even did. what exactly is this talk?

            A lot of this is just last century thinking mixed with abnormal fear… it has nothing to do with reality or time of 2020.

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam Nitricc,

            Professionals in Psychology and Psychiatry have a term they use for a distinct human pathology.
            The term is ” projection”. Please explore that phenomena and see if there is any possibility that might be what you are talking about.

            The only thing that makes sense in your post is the poor track record of PIA’s leadership in doing good, to quote saay, PIA is always wrong.

            Mr. K.H

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Kim,

            Let make it easy for Nitricc psychological condition you want to make him aware.

            Psychological projection is “a defense mechanism in which the human ego defends itself against unconscious impulses or qualities by denying their existence in themselves while attributing them to others.”

            That is what exactly Nitricc is exercising by the way.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Saleh,

            Anta Saleh: Ethiopians starting from their leader Abiy to their generals and their journalists, without any reservation, are working very hard to undermine the sovereignty of our nation. And here without any shame all the ghosts Eritreans (hiding behind pen names) trying to tell us otherwise, is mind boggling. It seems to me they want to see the demise of “TPLF and the people Tigray“ even at the cost of the Eritrean sovereignty. A bizarre strategy.

            Regard

          • Teodros Alem

            aman h
            There is no body undermine eritrea sovereignty like u guys, pro and opposition, u guys r the one talking about ethiopia 24/7

          • Peace!

            Hi TA,

            Some Ethiopian Elites do, but the ironic is that TPLF elites get free pass for such accusation. The Seyes, the Gebrues, and other generals have been openly saying invading Eritrea was the best option when TPLF was looting Ethiopia and torturing Ethiopians.

            Peace!

          • Teodros Alem

            peace
            Thar was why i said more than, and i don’t need cadre explanation.

          • Sultan

            Selam Prof Aman :
            I don’t know why Eritreans including Saleh,here are not challenging your absurd politics and opinions.
            -It was the TPLF, who declared an official war of invasion simply coz of PIAs knee jerk reaction and committed crimes against humanity on Eritrea and Eritreans

            -It was same TPLF, who set up Eritrea and Eritreans for sabotages of all kinds,sanctions, isolation, containment and policy of no peace no war status and set up the Eri Youth and the EDF to flee Eritrea so as to drain Eritrea from its productive force thereby weaken Eritra and make it collapse over night !

            Prof Aman Justified these deadly policies and evil acts of the TPLF telling us that the TPLF has done it for its national security interest!

            -It has been the TPLF Generals( Gen Tsadkan, Gen Siyye Abreha and Gen Abebe T., among them and few TPLF CC members,including Ghebru Asrat, who have openly declared to take over Aseb again after they failed in 2000!
            -It has been the same TPLF, who has refused to accept the EEBC Verdict and the Algiers Agreement

            -It has been the TPLF , who had done its best to provoke and even invade Eritrea repeatedly to the extent of reversing the Eritrean Independence in 2011/2012 based on the partially declassified info

            -It has been the TPLF, its elite and supporters who have been spreading the toxic propaganda,as we speak through its digital WeyAne to divide Eritreans based on region, religion and tribe based politics !!!!
            Etc..
            In the world of Prof Aman Hidrat et all, the TPLF , its Visionary Leaders and elite as well as its supporters are friends of Eritrea and Eritreans .

            But Prof Aman Hidrat recently declared Dr AAA as the enemy of Eritrea and Eritreans for nothing else but for:

            -Accepting the Algiers Agreement and the EEBC Verdict fully without ifs and buts

            -For signing a peace deal with PIA thereby by removing the dark and gloomy clouds of fears and wars on Eritrea

            -For lifting up the crippling a decade old sanctions imposed by none but TPLF, and its “Visionary” Leaders’!

            This is the hypocrisy of the 21st century of Prof Aman Hidrat et all .
            The Ethiopians in generals and its leaders and few chauvinists in particular may talk and bluff as much as they want but NONE of them has ever caused such a devastating damage ( not even close to it)compared to what the TPLF, the friends of Prof Aman Hidrat and his Visionary Leaders have caused on Eritra and Eritreans.
            Yeah, I know the Higdef have done too much damage on Eritrea .
            Dr AAA,his Generals and Journalist can’t even control Addis let alone reverse the Eritrean Independence.

          • Paulos

            Sultan,

            Isaias is still in power because of stupid, stupid and absolutely stupid people like you. This is a tragedy. Absolute tragedy!

            P.S. Moderator: My apologies for not following the guidelines. I had to say it. Sorry again.

          • Sultan

            Selam Doc:
            The Red Card Holding Awatista!
            You could/should have been BANNED forever if it were/was HOPE , Blink or Nittric , who said what you said.

            Mind you that King Sultan did not use or utter a single vulgar word or defamatory tone but stated the TRUTH and the FACTS as they are but you expressed and EXPOSED yourself and your agony since the TPLF’s funeral is pending, like Consolation told you.
            Truth hurts.
            PIA and his power ate not eternal but temporary and God of Eritrea and Eritreans shall “ reward” him with a well deserved judgement at the right time .

            Show me the courage and gut by refuting every word I stated!
            PIA has stayed in power and strengthened his power not coz of stupid people like King Sultan rather coz of what the mercenary Opposition and their Master, WeyAne

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Hi Hope,

            It is the same recycled comment and it is a new rebuttal, just to remind.

          • Sultan

            Selam Prof Aman:
            I just stated the facts!
            Your home work is to make a counter-rebuttal based on facts, not based on “Plausible Reasons”!
            Dr AAA, to his credit, has provided us with ample opportunity to PUSH HARD to do our job!
            Beyond that, he has no right or obligation to do the remaining job.
            He is not an Angel but a Diplomat, a Politician and a Foreign Least, who is struggling to revive , to unite , to resurrect and to make a United and Stronger Ethiopian than ever by all means possible including not only making peace and an Alliance with a nightmare enemy and “Achilles …,” of his devastated Ethiopia but also with a Devil to achieve his dream of a United, and Prosperous Ethiopia.
            We need to lear from him as an Opposition unite our silent majority to revive and resurrect a United and Strong and Formidable Front of Justice Seekers to confront and challenge both PIA and his partner-in-peace, Dr AAA so as to turn things around to our favor.
            If the argument is that since Dr AAA made peace with PIA and by default, that peace and Alliance will strengthen PIA and by default Dr AAA is the enemy of Eritrea since his peace deal with PIA will make up a stronger enemy of Eritrea, PIA, well, you can’t have it both ways by ,on one hand , wishing peace between Ethiopia and Eritrea but on the hand, wishing the status quo not to have that peace since PIA will remain stronger while at the same time keeping Eritrea and Eritreans at dark through the status quo!

            We are familiar with such a kind of dumb and ridiculous and toxic opposition position to weed out the PFDJ by “ By all means possible”,including at the expense of losing Eritrea and its Sovereignty by making an UNHOLY ALLIANCE with a well and clearly defined Enemy of Eritrea, who/ which told us that its goal was/is to break up the spinal cord of Eritrea and to sanction Eritrea and Eritreans and to dry up their productive force( The Youth and the EDF)to death so as make them collapse overnight and/ or make it a FAILED STATE,in their true and well documented words .

            To my best knowledge, thus far and to this minute,I have never heard the alleged new enemy of Eritrea, called Dr AAA declaring such an open war on Eritrea but rather DECLARING PEACE for Eritrea and Eritreans.

          • mad mullah

            Hello Sultan,
            Although you are long-winded, you make a lot of sense. You might have the title of Gobezocrat of Peace. You see in the conflict-ridden horn the most dangerous man is peace maker.

          • Peace!

            Hi Sultan,

            You are not going to win. They are emotionally attached to the extent their experience and intellect has become irrelevant. The number one enemy of Eritrea is the Agazian extremist group and their Eritrean enablers. Please save your time.

            Peace!

          • Abi

            Hello Peace
            እንኳን በደህና መጣህልን::

          • Peace!

            Hi Abish,

            It is already weekend 🙂

            https://youtu.be/9kVCwA5ZtB4

            Peace!

          • Abi

            Peace
            ፒያሳ ኤንሪኮ ኬክ ቤት ወሰድከኝ:: ለምኜም ሰርቄም አጭበርብሬም እዛ ኬክ ቤት አልጠፋም ነበር::

            When I heard Tplf sent አስታራቂ ሽማግሌዎች to Addis የሙሉቀን መለሰን ምርጥ ዘፈን አስታወሰኝ:: “አልረፈደብሽም አልዘገየሽም ወይ…”

          • Peace!

            Hi Abish,

            ራሳቸው እነ ስብሐት ነጋ ኣባይ ጻሓየ ሽማግሌዎች ኣይደሉ እንዴ ወይስ ሌብነት እድሜ ን ይቀንሳል? ወይ የወያነ ነገር 🙂

            Peace!

          • Abi

            Peace
            እንጨትም እኮ ይሸብታል:: ሽምግልና በእድሜ ቢሆንማ ወያኔ ብዙ እድሜያቸው ረዝሞ በአራቸው የሚጫወቱ አዛውንቶች ሞልተውት ነበር::

          • Sultan

            Selam Consolation:
            You should have added as to who ,in fact has said and done the worst against the Independence and Sovereignty of Eritra, none but the hiwehat.

            The same guy, you just responded is part of that camp and conspiracy in his very own comments and opinions here at the awate university!
            His twin brother,

          • Haile S.

            ሰላም ኤማ፡

            እሞ እዚ መንጎ መታሕትን ጎረቤት-ታሕትን ዝተቐርቀረ
            ወዲ ከበሳ ኤርትራዊ እንታይ ይሓይሽ እንተተገብረ

            ዕንኩርኩሪቱ ክርትም ክርትም ዶ ዙረት መታን ክገድፎ
            ወይስ መልሓሱ ጉልድም ሕማቕ ከይተለፍልፎ 🙂 🙂

            ካይከውን ድኣ ኩሎም መራሕቱ ስለዘጋግይዎ
            ኣብ ክንዲ ናብኡ ዘድህቡ ስለ ዝብሉ እንታይ ኣለዎ
            ዛግራ እንዳበሎ ዝደለዩዎ ኣባጉምባሕ ክበልዕዎ

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            ሰላም ሃይላት,

            መንጎ መታሕትን ጎረቤት-ታሕትን ዝተቐርቀረ ወዲ ከበሳ
            መተካእታ የብሉን ብጀካ ንታሪኽና ንዋርሳይ ከውርሳ

            ግዝያዊ ሸታሕታሕ ክቃላቀሉ
            አጽንዕ ዕርፊ’ኮዩ መታን ገጥ ክብሉ
            ተስታይ አበይለኻ ታሪኽ ሓሉ

            አርሓ ተቀልቀል መሪሕ ክትጻወት
            ርስትኻ ሓሉ ክብረት ንወለዶታት
            ኮታ ከተፍሽሎ ናይ እሱን ኣብይን ሕልምታት

          • Haile S.

            ስላም ኤማ

            ኣቢ ተለኪሙ ምስኪናይ
            ሰላም ስለዝፈጠረ ምስ ኩኩናይ

            ኣርሓ ደርሆ ሕቖ ሰሪሩና
            ኣጽፋሩ በናጪሩ ከናቲትና
            ሓንኳሊ’ውን ኣይውሓደን ኣብ ትሕቴና
            በዚሖም ከስተማቕሩ ዝደለዩ ጭንጭራና

            ዋርሳይ ካብ ኣምጻእካ ትስፋና
            በል ክንዝርግሕ ንፈትን ክንፍና

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            ሰላም ሃይላት

            አብይ ካብኮነ ተማሃራይ ‘እሱ’
            ኢትዮጵያን ኤርትራን ክሕውሱ

            ዝሰየሔት ጣይታ ናይ አርበዓታት
            ሕጂ ተቀልቂላ ንሰምዕሎና ወስተታት

            ሽዑ ዕረ ሕጂ ዕረ ንዘስተማቀራ
            እምብለይ’ዩ ድምጽና ብዘይፈኸራ

            ጎበዝ ተለዓል ከምናይቦታትካ
            ርስትኻ ተኸላኸል ብግቡእ መኪትካ

          • Sultan

            Selam Prof Hailat:
            Please don’t go tangential; rather ,say it loudly and openly!
            When it comes to telling the truth and facts as they are, no need of ashmur or semmna werk!

            Derguhayyo de’A!

          • Haile S.

            ሰላም ሱልጣን፡

            በብናትና ንዛረብ ዋላ’ኳ ትግርኛ እንተኾነ
            ዝስሕቶ ሓደ’ኳ ኣይርከብን ቋንቁኡ ዝወነነ

            ቋንቋ ዝተፈጥረ ሓሳብ ንምትሕልላፍ
            እንተዘይኮይኑ’ሞ ምኣኸለና ነይሩ በእዳውና ምልፍላፍ

            ኤርትራውያን ንጥምት እሞ ናብ ሓባር መኣዲ
            ንቐደም በሉ ኸኣ ነብዝሕ በብናህና መንገዲ
            ንኤሱ ሸታሕ እተብሎ ዘላ ለማጽ ዒባ
            እንተረጊጽናያ፡ ብወገንና ካይንኸውን መዕለል-ዛዕባ

            ዝብል ዕላል መልእኽተይ’ሲ መን እዩ ክስሕቶ
            እንተዘይኮይኑ ከም ኤሱ ናይ ደሓር ነርክበሉ ሕቶ

            ስማዕ እባ፡

            እዛ ዳስ ዘይተኸልኩላ ሽመት ምስካም ትትረፍካ
            ነቶም ጽዒሮም ዝተቐበልዋ ካይተናእሶም ከዘክረካ
            ብዛዕባ ግለሰብ ምዛራብ እንኮ ነይብሉ ጠቕሚ
            ምብዛሕ እዩ ትርፉ በትሪ ዘወጣውጥ ሃራሚ

          • Kokhob Selam

            Wow Hailat.

            “ዝብል ዕላል መልእኽተይ’ሲ መን እዩ ክስሕቶ
            እንተዘይኮይኑ ከም ኤሱ ናይ ደሓር ነርክበሉ ሕቶ”

            Nice, collection of stanza. Excellent man..

            KS,,

  • Saleh Johar

    I fully agree with Hashela’s comments but let me share with you the parts that made me cringe, not the book because I haven’t read it yet, but on Prof Tekeste Negash’s review. I will address that in detail soon but for now, here are the lines that I wouldn’t swallow even if dipped in honey for a fortnight:

    Footnote 4: …at that early period (1972-73) the organization that harassed peaceful peasants was not the Ethiopian government but the nascent armed group led by Isaias Afewerki, that came to be called the Eritrean Peoples Liberation Front.

    My reaction: Beyond simple harassment, even the massacres of Ona, Besekdira, Mesyam, Wekidba, and many other places, didn’t find a recognition by the professor, even as footnotes.

    Footnote7: Yet, nearly half a century later, RT is silent of who his protector was in Asmara. Was it Haregot Abay, the mayor of Asmara whose son Seyoum Haregot was both a minister in the Ethiopian government and married to the Ethiopian royal family?

    My reaction: I don’t think this has anything to do with Rezene’s book; it sound like an under the belt kick.

    Footnote 8: I am indeed surprised that RT did not mention the document WE AND OUR OBJECTIVES, allegedly written by Isaias Afewerki in 1971 and which functioned as a manifesto of the EPLF in its campaign of vilification against the ELF. The 1971 document was written by Christians for Christians.

    My reaction: this is the only point I find worthy of discussion.

    Footnote17: ….On the other hand, there is a great deal of evidence on the special treatment of Eritrea and Eritreans during the period of Emperor Haile Selassie, 1941-1974.

    My reaction: I wish the professor learned how to quantify his claims, some, a few, many, most, all, etc. The blanket statement is totally false.

    • Hashela

      Selam Saleh

      This is one of several reasons as to why Tekeste’s writing belong into the speculative (ሃጠው-ቀጠው) comment section, not in the article section.

    • Haile S.

      Selam Saleh,

      I agree with you. For me the review is not necessarily about the book. It was a pretext. It is about “(Eritrea had no reason to break away from Ethiopia)”.

      • Paulos

        Selam Hailat,

        I agree with you. It doesn’t sound sincere at all.

        • Haile S.

          Selamat Paul,

          It is Zekre-Lebonasque !!

    • A.Osman

      Selamat Saleh,

      I found the following list of places where atrocities were committed under Haile Selassie’s reign:
      Rora Bet Gebru (1966); Adi Ibrahim(1967); Emberemi (1967); Mogolo(1967); Hazemo(1967); Ailet and Gmhot (1967); Melebso (1967); Adi Shuma (1968); Geleb (1970); Besikdira (1970); O’na (1970); Habrengeqa (1970); Kubub- Abena (1971); Dighe Adie Atba (1971); Um Hager (1974)…..

      By keeping a short window (1972-73) in the footnote, probably the Professor (TN) is hinting a change of policy, while not denying the prior atrocities?

      Was General Andom taking charge of the situation and starting to use a softer approach in the counter revolution efforts, while the revolutionaries with meagre resources were growing and becoming burden on the poor villages. I sensed in the review the disappointment that RT did not focus on that interaction and the resulting frictions. Probably an academic looking for new information to current knowledge, at same time one that can serve and reinforce his basic stand. However, RT seems to have invested much time on known history and showing “hate” of DIA, which is of little value to TN.

      Regards
      AOsman

      • Saleh Johar

        Ahlan A.Osman,
        Whatever his motive, it is disrespectful and false. No window can sanitize that and he is intelligent enough to make such a mistake.
        The lost you provided is part, for instance, there is the massacre of Agordat in 1975, Msyam, and many others. I also personally know of a dozen prisoners who whose hands were tied and killed, then left on the dry river bed of shfshfi river in 1973. And the Asmara wire killings that went on for weeks, then Wekidba, etc. The list is too long for anyone to gloss over that lightly.

        • Sultan

          SGJ:
          Am disappointed that you forgot my little village ,Andelai( An Ashera Village), which was burnt into ashes by the Convoy of Tor Serawit ( on the way to Hirkok Mensura) from the list, on an Easter Sunday or so since I remember it barely!

          • A.Osman

            Selam Sultan,

            In my last entry, I picked those relevant to Haile Sellassie (appears some omitted), as is made to look a benevolent regime, sanitised and sanctified by many.

            Some atrocities committed by the Derg, the Ethiopian Military Junta:
            Asmara (1974-1975); Gegeret ((1975); Weki-Duba (1975); Agordat (1975); Mai Idaga (1975); Hirghigo (1975); Dekemhare (1975); Adi Keih (1976); Alale (1976); Mendefera (1977); Debarwa (1977); Digsa (1977); Damba Siharti (1981); Imbahara(1983); Asmat (1983); Molki (1984); Adi Qeretz (1985); Arierb( 1985-6); Hamertoq (1987); Shie’b (1988); Hedglene (1988);( Massawa (1990).

            Extracted from: A Brief Expose of the War Crimes Committed on Innocent Eritrean Civilians by Dr. Tesfay Aradom

            The list may not be exhaustive, it needs contribution from those who were directly affected to make it comprehensive.

            Source: kemey,net, I checked it out yesterday for the first time, it has interesting articles.

            Regards
            AOsman

          • Saleh Johar

            Sultan,
            I mentioned examples, it was not an exhaustive list.

          • Sultan

            Ya Ustazna:SGJ:

            It was a sarcastic way of adding to your list .
            No one else is more detailed and inclusive than you!
            I protested to Kabod for not including you during the interview he had with Uncle Wed Ammar, Ustaz Tekie Ali-Bekhit and Prof Kiflemariam Hamde few months ago on the sad Anniversary of Una( Ona) Wo Besikdira Massacre!
            Granted, no one will deny or dispute your special contribution and status in the Eritrean History and the struggle for Justice!
            The Highest Medal Award of its nature is awaiting for you in the upcoming new and constitutionally governed Eritrea.

      • Abi

        Hello AOsman
        The ELF freedom fighters themselves committed the atrocities in the places you mentioned above. Hayat Adem has already listed most of the places you mentioned some years back.
        I give you “C” for effort, “D” for effect.

    • Brhan

      Hello Saleh, Tefedel Bun Kab Enda Jebena

      ዛዕባ ገዛእቲ ኤርትራ
      ሓቂ እነሀት ብሓጻራ

      ኣብ ግዜ ጃንሆይ ናብራ
      ጥዕምቲ ነይራ
      ዝብል ብፈኸራ
      ኩድጭ ኢልካ ኣብ ኣስመራ
      ናዓባ ውረድ ዓድኻ ዙራ
      ንሃዘሞ ንባሲክ ዴራ
      ግዜ ከም ሲኦል ምንባሩ ዝመስከራ
      በል ተናዘዝ ‘ታ ብሂል ቅበራ
      ምስ ሃጠው ቀጠዋ ብሓበራ

      ጃንሆይ መሬትና ብሓዊ ኣሕረራ
      ቀተለ ደርጊ እናጨደረ “ፍረ ነብሲ ብካራ!”
      ሕጂ ድማ ብህግደፍ ብኹሉ ከሲራ

      • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

        ሰላማት ብርሃን!

        ትጸገም
        ናትና ምሁራት
        ዓዶም ዘይፈልጡ
        ብናይ ባዕዲ ሃገራት
        ቀላጽም ሓንጎሎም ዘሕበጡ

        ቻርለስ ከምዝበሎ
        ማክስወል ምስ ኣቐበሎ
        ማርቲን ምስ ዓሰሎ
        ጥር ኢሎም ድማ
        ድርግም ናብ ጎንደር ናብ ወሎ

        እምበር
        ሃዘሞ ዶ በልካ?
        ክንደይ ክሳዳ ‘ባ ሰኣነት
        ብኮማንዲስ ሰብ ካባ
        ኣስላመይቲ ጥራይ ስለ ዝኾነት
        ሂወታ ሰኣነት

        ኣብ ግዜ ህግደፍ ድማ
        ከም በዓል በርሀ ጻዕዳ
        ኤረትራዊ ኣይኮንካን ተባህለት
        ኣይረኣኹን ከም ምሁራት በሃልቲ
        ኤረትራውያን ግለት
        ሰብ ውሑዳት ሓሞት
        ታ ስጥምቲ ቅናት ዘዝለቐት

        ናይ ካልኦት መቕዘፍቲ ኣብ መጻኢ

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          ሰላም መሃንድሳይ,

          ‘ታስጥምቲ ቅናት ዘዝለቐት’
          ኤርትራዊ ኒሕ ዘህሰሰት
          ባድመን ካልኦት ዓድታትን ዘየጣመረት

          ባድመ ረኺቦም ካልእ እንተጥፍኡ
          ተዓዊትና ምባል እንታይ እዩ ፋይድኡ
          ዓዲ ጅግና ክትዝመት እንዳረኣዩ
          ናይዚኦምሲ ግደፎ ንበይኑ’ዩ

          ናይ ምልውዋጥ ተኽእሎ እንዳሃለዎ
          አይንደልን ማለትሲ ምስጢር አለዎ
          በልስከ ሃየ በል ህዝብኻ ምዝኽኻር
          ጥልመት ወገንካ ሃገር ዘየጋብር
          ተንስእ መንእሰይ ሪም ህዝብኻ ከተኽብር

          በርሄ ጻዕዳ ብህይወቱ ‘ንተዝህሉ
          ንመንነት ዓዱ መታን ክሕሉ
          ነዞም ከሐድቲ ዝምክተሉ
          ቃልሲ መበገሰ ንተኣመመነሉ

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ፕሮፌሰር ኤማ
            ከም ቀደምካ
            ኣብ መትከልካ!

            ሰንከልከል ዝበለ ካብ መትከሉ
            ይትረፍ ዶ ንካልኦት ;ሲ ንባዕሉ

            ኣይክእልን ክቃለስ
            ካበይ ዝመጸ ሓሞት?
            ከም ብሂወትካ ምሟት
            ምስጎደለካ ጽንዓት
            ‘ዩ ነገሩ

            ‘ዛ ዝጸሓፍካያ ሓጻር ግጥሚ
            ደገፍ ንውጹዓት
            ወልፈስፈስ ንዝብሉ ግን ስሚ
            ካብ ለኸይዎ ንኮለኔል ጠስሚ
            ——መትከል ከምዘይብሎም
            ——ኣብ ቃልዕ ወጺኦም
            ኩሉ ፈሊጥዎም ሎሚ

  • Yoni

    Hi Prof. TK,
    With a friend like the professor, who needs an enemy?
    Tekeste harped on his early friendship with the author but was unnecessarily
    harsh in his review of RT’s premiere book. Most professional reviews
    highlight the strength of the work and gently suggest where improvement is
    needed in two pages at most and let the potential readers go through the weeds
    to decide for themselves. The detailed harangue at a minimum will depress the
    sale of the book. That may have been a hidden agenda (who knows it is not unheard of). The review was too long, repetitive, falling in the same trap he accuses the author. One glaring area was the professor’s pique, by writing in many paragraphs of the review, why the author kept accusing the dictator on his perfidious behavior in most of the chapters. In my opinion, he deserves it. People like RT, the minimum they can do as his family, and others like him made the ultimate sacrifice and have earned the right to express their anger and frustrations on the human toll during the struggle of independence and then
    to be hijacked by the hidden agenda of Isaias. The troubling conclusion I made
    is why the professor kept repeating the same annoyance : Could it be a
    solidarity of the unionists’ sentiments by both Isaias and Mr. Negash? I am not a psychologist, but it seems a subtle message that even if Isaias made a lot of mistakes, Isaias and the professor agree on one overarching objective: the union of Eritrea with Ethiopia. I am glad RT did not ask the good professor for his help to edit his book. Good for him.

    W

  • Brhan

    Hello Prof. Tekeste Negash,
    Thank you for your book review. I have the following comments:
    1) You did not mention if there is an introduction in the book. Usually in introductions we find a list of people who helped the writer in writing the book, particulary those who edited the draft of the book. And if there was not any, this is a typical problem that I have witnessed with many Eritrean writers: they do not send their draft to experts to edit the content. In your perevious review, for T. Gebereab’s “The Nuralnebi File” , I mentioned that had he shown you the draft , he would not have made erros in the book, erros that you mentioned in the review. This does not mean that RT would have accepted editors’ all or some views, but, this is the best way in writing non fiction books ( even fiction) which include facts that can’t be distorted. The task now is for RT to reply to your comments.
    2) The second point that you said that the book is pubished but you did not mention who the publisher is. This city of Uppsala, Sweden but not the publishing company. Because as you are aware , there is a difference between a publishing a book and priniting a book. If it is published , it means that the publisher has seen merits of the book. And this is what many Eritreans lack , we do not have publisher for Tigrinya, except of course , the ones in Eritrea which are controled by the regime. I believe there is Red Sea Press in the US but it mostly publishes books in English. A publisher will work with a writer how to make the book better and this will include editing. Having said that I believe the book is printed and RT will be the distributor which is another heck.
    3) My last point is about your conculuding remarks #4 #5 and # 17 and all indicate ” the honeymoon period” i.e. before 1974. This has been where many failed to grasp. If you ask a person from Agordat, Keren, Ona, about this honey moon period he or she will think that you must be talking about another Eritrea somewhere in the universe. I do not know what justification you have to depict that period as such because it was the 60s that

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Brhan,

      Plausible critics to Prof Negash as well as to the Eritrean authors in general.

  • Ismail AA

    Selam all,

    Honestly, I did not finish reading the review. The professor had probably realized the book is difficult to read, and, therefore, decided to invest time and embark on dual job: making the chapters manageable for the review readers; and attempting to explain the contents, and, an accomplished historian that he is, he might as well wanted to correct errors. It is clear to me that the author did the work not as trained research writer but as chronicler who records events as they happen, escaping, thus, the rigor proper research work demands.

    I would dare to surmise that the professor might have intended to try to bridge the gab by spending time first to highlight the contents of each chapter compromising, thereby, on his job of a reviewer to lesser space, which the footnote portion allows.

    Of what I got time to read, the importance of the book rests in. unveiling and recording the crimes and wrong doings that went into the genesis, nurturing, growth and consolidation of the dictatorship. At this stage of the dictatorship, there is not really much that the public does not know about the hard-to-believe crimes the despot and his henchmen had committed against opponents under the pretence of “protecting ” their organization (revolution as they used to put it).

    Save the younger novices from “wufiyat” household, the mainstream sectors of our population have become aware of the terrible history of the Isayas and his men. The thing is that the people are just awaiting the time to talk about them in public as happens after the downfall of dictators. Thus, the author of this book has done his part to tell what he knew. Credit is due to him in that regard, which should also be extended to prof. Negash for the time he spent in bringing the book to the attention of this forum’s participants.

  • Hashela

    Selam Tekeste Negash

    This is the most unusual book review I have read so far!

    It seems that the book as well as the review could have benefited from a rigorous editorial handling.

    • A.Osman

      Selamat Hashela,

      I started reading it last night on my mobile to realise it was not finishing when I was only half way into it….but I must say, it has so many interesting nuggets that forum members could pick on for further discussion. Time to finish the rest.

      Regards
      AOsman

      • Hashela

        Selam Osman

        One of the several the interesting statements is that the book author did not allow the reviewer, supposedly a friend of the author, to read the draft of the book. It is an uninvited review!

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Hashela,

          If someone who own the book, and want to review it, why should he need to get permission from the author? Is that part of the requirement? I am Just curious to know.

          • Hashela

            Selam Amanuel

            If it a formal review, usual the reviewer is asked/approached by the publisher. In some cases, an author asks a friend or a colleague to review his/her book. It is rare that one reviews a book when the book author has an explicit reservation against the reviewer. That why publishers and editors explicitly ask a reviewer as to whether the latter has a conflict of interest. This is done to ensure fairness.

            Based on Teskeste’s statement we know that the book author did not allow the reviewer to read the draft of the book. We don’t know whether the book author gave his consent for the review we are reading.

            It is about courtesy!

            It is also courteous that the publisher of the review (in this case Awate) notify the book author.

            Courtesy, rigor, and critical review are not mutually exclusive.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hashela,

            From your comment, I understood, that it is only for courtesy, otherwise there is no hinderance for anyone to review a book without getting permission from the author. Am I right? Anyone who can validate Hashala’s understanding on the issue?

          • Hashela

            Selam Amanuel

            In the sciences, courtesy, fairness and respect of other’s people work (despite its potential weakness) is important.

            You can write and publish a comment about a book or an article without notifying the author. The editor gives the author of the article/book an opportunity to comment to the comment.

            Consequently, I am inclined that Tekeste’s piece is a comment not a review. A review undergoes a rigorous checking and editing by the editor and the author is notified by the publication of the book/article

          • Consolation

            Selem all,

            In the sciences, courtesy, fairness and respect of other’s people work (despite its potential weakness) is important.

            There are two kinds of reviews, the pre-publication review which is solicited by the editor/publisher to qualified reviewer to evaluate whether the work is worth publishing and if so, to establish any modifications and corrections and the post-publication review which is open to anyone whose opinion matters. In both cases, there are no courtesy considerations. The work needs to stand on its merits and not on the favourable opinions of reviewers. Otherwise, the review defeats its purpose and becomes just a promo!

          • Hashela

            Selam Consolatiom

            With “courtesy” I meant in term of transparency and open communication. I fully agree, merit the sole criterion for publication!

            Post-publication “reviews” is not a review: it falls under the comment section,

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hashela,

            “Post-publication reviews is not a review. It falls under the comment section”

            Prof Negash’s book review falls under post-publication review. Then Why do you criticize the professor of not getting permission from the author?

          • Hashela

            Selam Amanuel

            Tekeste’s writing is posted as a book review in the article section.

          • A.Osman

            Selam Hashela,

            Interesting, is there a difference between scientific and non scientific work, what would you call it then?

            We got used to read such book reviews after publication….a few reviewers in mind are Burhan Ali and Semere Habtemariam.

            Regards
            AOsman

          • Hashela

            Selam Osman

            If you can dig it out, I commented to Semere Habtemariam’s book review.

            We need to develop a culture of rigorous book review.
            Don’t review if

            – you are not qualified
            – you are not willing to dedicate your time for a rigorous review
            – you have a conflict of interest.

          • A.Osman

            Selam Hashela,

            Semere had done many reviews, his articles are under the Perspective category.
            http://awate.com/category/perspective/

            From reading his past reviews, I gather that he is close to Prof. Bereket Habte Selassie….so you would say there is CoI….I mean such reviews were promotional. If it was a scientific paper, I would expect a higher standard approach, but non scientific papers/books reviews tend to be a bit loose leading to varying analysis and conclusions.

            Regards
            AOsman

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hashela,

            You seem to agree with consolation.
            Isn’t “post-publication review“ is the same as “book review”? What is the difference?

          • Hashela

            Selam Amanuel

            I responded to Consolation: “Post-publication “review” is not a review: it technically falls under the comment section.”

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hashela,

            If it falls under comment section, why do they call it “a review” then? Sorry I want to have a good grip on it.

          • Consolation

            Hi Hashela,

            Amazon calls such opinions reviews. In fact, readers are encouraged to post their reviews. Just google any of your favourite book and check it out on amazon.com. To make matters interesting, Amazon invites readers to comment on the reviews!

          • Hashela

            Hi Consolation

            Yes, I know!. Amazon and other’s opinion review is a different category. It is a review that does not require a proven qualification and expertise to do so.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Consolation,

            This time I get something to agree with you. I had the same understanding about book review, and still it is. I was asking Hashela if there are something I don’t know. But he couldn’t. There is no any difference between “post-publication review” and “book review” if “post“ means “after”, in this case after the book is published. I also believe that there is differences between “scientific review” and other publication reviews.

            There are many issues that we can disagree with Prof TK including his position against self-determination of our people. Second, I wouldn’t call Prof TK’s writing as book review. It looks as “book summary” than “book review.”

          • Sultan

            Selam Consolation:
            An excellent opinion/ comment!
            Your articulation and mastering of the subject matter in question is but admirable!

            Since that is the case ,at least in my opinion and per my understanding ,am just confused and wondering as to why you sound a blind typical PFDJ Apologist or sound supportive of the PFDJ‘s reckless policies!

            I disappointed,unintentionally,at one point,my friend, Prof Dr Ghidewon Asmerom Abay of VA Commonwealth Univ through a similar comment I made above about you.
            Are you Prof Dr Gheteb ?

          • Brhan

            Hello Hashela,

            I will be glad if you inform us that there is a law or protocol that supports the first paragraph of your comment above. If I understand you correctly , are you saying that a writer must allow to a reviewer for his or her book to be reviewed?

            And you can correct, but when it comes to a draft of a book, if you are asked review it, it means that author wants you to edit , and you edit if there any but once the book is printed or published, it is a review, no chance to edit.

            Having said that , I agree with you about conflict of interest, and that is why many book reviews of newspapers are done by professionals. But I do not think the reviewers have been asking the permission of writers to review their books. Books, movies and plays once they are produced, they become public that anyone can comment on them. And here you have choices and you can choose a comment or review from point of view of an academician, specialized journalist or the views of a layman.

            I believe Prof. T. Negash is a good book reviewer. Tigrinya is his language and due to his academic status , he as the very knowledge of analyzing of components of non-fiction book.

            Last but not least a review is an asset for a writer: poor will be a writer if he or she hardly finds someone to review his or her book.

            Thanks

          • Hashela

            Selam Brhan

            “I will be glad if you inform us that there is a law or protocol that supports the first paragraph of your comment above. If I understand you correctly , are you saying that a writer must allow to a reviewer for his or her book to be reviewed?”

            Please revisit the first paragraph of my post. In a formal review, the editor/publisher is who requests a review of the book in question. The author has no influence on the review process. The author can, however, provide a short list of potential reviewers that she/he wants to be excluded from reviewing his/her work due to a conflict of interests. She/he needs to provide credible reasons.

            All large and credible publishing companies have similar reviewing protocols. I am familiar with Elseviers’ and Nature Resaerch (Springer Nature), and other Scientific publishers reviewing protocols.

            I am not sure I understand your second paragraph. For clarity, please rephrase or edit.

            Regarding your third paragraph: there is a difference between a comment and review.

            “I believe Prof. T. Negash is a good book reviewer. Tigrinya is his
            language and due to his academic status , he as the very knowledge of analyzing of components of non-fiction book.”

            I am not evaluating Tekeste’s reviewing quality.

            “Last but not least a review is an asset for a writer: poor will be a
            writer if he or she hardly finds someone to review his or her book.”

            I agree, more so if the review happened in direct communication with author of the editor/publisher

          • Brhan

            Hello Hashela,
            In the second paragraph I am trying to say like this:
            If I write a book and asked you to look at it before it is published or printed, I am looking your opinion on the content and also style of the book. It means you can edit and I have the freedom of taking your edition into consideration or not. And in my intro I can thank you for that service or gesture.
            But once it is printed or published , there is no place of edtion but review. The book is now gone to the outside world and it is the reviewers who will tell us its strong and weak sides.
            I hope I made it clear.
            Thanks,

          • Simon Kaleab

            Hashela,

            This is typical of your oblique and creepy sideways move,

            You are clogging the bandwidth in this forum with your Ministry of Silly Walks type of comment.

            Can you comment on the contents of this Review? I bet you have not read it in full.

          • Hashela

            Selam Simon

            A lonely Vietnamese monk said:
            ” Good morning solitude! Please come and spend the day with me”.
            It is about embracing the inevitable, as unpleasant as it may be.
            We have no choice but to accept and embrace the erratic behavior of our lost and troubled brothers.

          • Simon Kaleab

            Hashela,

            Read the Review in full.

            Comment on its contents.

            Stay on topic.

            Do you understand?

  • Paulos

    Selam Professor Negash,

    I can only imagine how cumbersome it might have been to render a review of a book which has been originally written in Tigrinya. That said, not sure if the author would need an English translation for the review seems to be to the very least the book itself. It is pretty long review.

    I must say, your own remarks and reflections seem to be confusing when you say the book is replete with confusion when the author fails to follow chronology but jumps from say, the 60s to the 90s then back to the 70s with in the same chapter, for instance. By the same token, you admire his talents in writing but in the meantime, you remark how confusing the chapters could be.

    If I am going to take anything at all, however, the recurring theme is hard to miss where the indictment against Isaias is not driven by personal hatred but by people who have suffered for far too long where Isaias is what he is—a sadistic old man whose removal will set forth a better Eritrea where you wrongly assume that his removal will not bring back Eritrea to normalcy. It definitely will.

    • Haile S.

      Selam Paul,

      I agree with you. The review is written in the manner the review is telling us the book was written. Perhaps done deliberately!

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Dr Paulos,

      I have never seen this long of a book review. Professor Negash had two tasks to do this review (a) translation from Tigrigna to English (b) to render a critical review. Wouldn’t it easier to make his review in Tigrigna? Why did he need translation if he knows Tigrigna? Second for a book that contain 365 pages, this is too long book review.

  • mad mullah

    Hello Prof. Negash,

    That was an interesting summary. Most biographies and literature I have read are in English so I am not sure lack of chronological order has something to do with Tigrinya style of writing.
    I found your summary and input sufficient to understand the content of the book.

    Some of highlights you point out remind of another book which I think capture the similar experience of RT. The person is named Asmerom in a book called “Soldiers, Martyrs, Traitors, and Exiles Political Conflict in Eritrea and the Diaspora” by Tricia Redeker Hepner

    In terms of forced recruitment by ELF and EPLF- as child in Barka 1980’s I can tell you the thing that scared my family more than Mengustu Russian Migs was their child be taken by one of Libration Fronts. I had family members on both fronts.
    As far as RT, I am not surprised he was in Europe and that information could have been hidden from him. If the EPLF could hide the existence of a secret organization until 1994 why not that. Also, after independence it probably sounded like an urban myth or no one cared.

    One thing I have to disagree with you is about your assessment with regards to Issias and the Eritrean economy.
    “According to my reading of Eritrean economic history, the assessment of Isaias was more realistic.”
    I wasn’t in Eritrea in 1990s and I don’t know what Eritrean of diaspora were saying with regard to Singapore except as a model not only in economic but social cohesion. There are some countries that didn’t copy but did model themselves somewhat after Singapore like Rwanda that survived genocide seem to be doing well with all the economic metrics. Of course, I haven’t studied the economic history of Rwanda to see if that has played a role.
    Eritrea- the government have ruined the economy of country from any objective observation- I don’t think there is even a coherent economic system with any metric. Until the 2000’s, there was investment and diaspora folks returning and investing and building infrastructure.

    On losing a Cause, I am not part of Gedhli generation so I don’t have all RT’s experience and outlook. I wasn’t a member or part of organization where I devoted 25 years of my life. So, I can understand why RT spent 100 pages on Issias- Issias took from him a cause or a dream of a constructive Eritrean future.
    I am just wondering how much of that has to do with lack of finding at least in the diaspora cohesive alternative to Issias and his government.