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Sovereign Borders Within Which Children Disappear!

[Translated from Arabic by awatestaff] How I wished that my son Ahmed would not wake up with the awareness that in his ancestral homeland there is a butcher named Isaias Afwerki Abraham among the Eritrean people… I hoped was that would be imprinted in the depths of memory, when he is in a far place, that Eritrea is a homeland whose people love Freedom and adores peace. Curriculums strive to build perceptions and schools in this far place have a different task beginning with the grade school—to make the children universal ambassadors, while others teach them about the rights of children. And here begins the commitment to remain independent as an individual. Here the child begins to interrogate you with a barrage of questions leaving no angle barred–especially “the all-knowing sheikh Google”, may God guide it, reveals our situation whenever we yell at our son Ahmed!

At any rate, I will shorten the long journey of a dilemma. One time came to me after he gained his share of knowledge about Malala Yousefzi, the Pashtun girl, as if he had just returned from the Swat Valley and Khayber, Pakistan. He did a lot of research to find out the reasons for depriving that girl of her freedom of education. The thing is that his teacher had given him a heavy inciting and mobilizing dose. Suddenly our young man started to interrogate us about Eritrea–whether there were digging for similar tales of the “heroine of his “humanitarian” revolution, the daughter of Zia El-Din Yousefzi!

I tried to zigzag my way out but then I remembered “all knowing Sheikh Google” and tried to soften our version of suppression of freedoms. But, BOOM, from the get-go, he raised the Eritrean militarism called “Sawa Academy”, the vocational and technical training, and the graduation of a professional football player, and…!

By God! The moment he heard about the graduation of a football player; my son Ahmed started asking about the spelling of Sawa and left to consult Sheikh Google!!

From there on, Ahmed dived into the matter; what football player and what championship? He came with a ton of embarrassments—from the news of the desertion of national the football players, the sufferings of the youth and elderly in Sinai, and mass death of Eritreans on the shores of Libya, and the drowning of refugees in Lampedusa, Italy, and he started to dive deeper into the sea of the involuntary disappearance of Eritrean children and mass escapes, human trafficking…..

Google should not expose children with such information knowing their curiosity when they appear as adults—forget human rights and politics. Google should not be extra courteous and respond to all age groups!

But Afwerki deserves it; the number of Ahmed’s sample group is ‘sixty thousand squared’. They are standing at the doors of his embassies asking about their sister “Ciham Ali”, her brothers, her mothers, her teachers, her leaders, and our elders… before worrying about the sovereign that makes its citizens disappear within its borders, beyond where the rays of the sun can reach.

An innocent child, other innocent children, … and all the rest of the innocent citizens. There is no fear for our sovereignty. The Eritrean Eve is fertile; she has given birth and pregnant with revolutionaries who can start it all over again. What would be the difference! It has been thirty years and it has been all killing, escaping, arrests, and wars on all directions. Death in the thousands and military enslavement and psychological terror, Killing the trust between people and doubts walking on legs, suspicions some hidden and some in the open, inter religious friction, one clan against the other, a tribe against a tribe, a region against a region, regression after regression, nationalities, regions, nepotism, lowlands, and highlands terrain… What Isaias did is visible!!

Does it mean the Tigrayans appeared in history with the coming of Abiy Ahmed or at the end of the era of Isaias Afwerki, the Eritrean Eve has stopped giving birth?

Where are the people disassemblers and assemblers? The Amhara had disassembled it and we assembled it again. What is the problem if the Tigrayans can try—does it mean all the bolts and nuts are no more? Or the antique Mark10 rifle is not decisive anymore?

By God, Mt. Adal is still standing and the Sawa valley has fire under its sand. Patience has limits. Death inside Eritrea is still happening and it’s limitless outside it.

About Salah Ali Ahmad

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  • said

    Greetings,

    Western Dogma & Ideology Render Third World War with China might be Inevitable.

    Going back to two important Western debates on China, i.e. a Spring, 2019 debate, and December , 2019 debate, I became fully convinced that an ultimate military showdown, an all out Western-Chinese war is highly inevitable.

    Deep embedded ideological fervency bordering on dogma is zealously gripping the Western Mind when it comes to the China debate right across the entire spectrum of Western polity of varied political philosophies; Western business-minded institutions and corporations; Western academics and even Western intellectuals. The Western debate on China suddenly breakup all somber restrain spelling inherent anxieties right in the open, in stark white and black..

    In view of the ultimate inevitability of a war between the Western world and China, all the current and potentially looming regional political and security tensions in the world need to be reviewed within the context and framework of the potential inevitability of a Western-Chinese war, of a Third World War that is already, while possibly distant, is in the making.
    Human fallibility, hubris and simple miscalculations could very well transpire, take charge and trigger such a military confrontation even by the unimaginable, most inadvertent simplistic incidents and eventualities.
    This, much in the example of the circumstances that triggered the all devastating First World War causing the annihilation of more than 25 million human souls.

    The aforementioned two important debates going back to the Spring and the Autumn of 2019, involved the following:
    I. The Munk Debate on China under the theme, “Is China a Threat to the International Order?” This was held in Toronto, Canada on May 09, 2019, under the sponsorship of the “Munk Debate.
    II. ” II. Debate with Harvard Scholar, Graham Allison, author of national best seller, “Destined for War: Can America and China Escape Thucydides’s rap?” 2016,
    This was held in Ottawa, Canada, on September, 2019 under the sponsorship of the “Public Policy Forum (PPF).”

    Participants in the Debate, arguing “Yes,” that China is a Threat to the International Order were: H.R. McMaster, President Trump’s former National Security Advisor; and, Michael Pillsbury, Director of China’s Studies and Strategy at the conservative Hudson Institute, the think-tank located in Washington, DC.
    Those arguing “No,” that China is NOT a threat to the International Order in the Munk Debate were Huiyao Wang, Fonder & President of the Center for China Globalization; and the very eloquent Kishore Mahbubani, Professor of Public Policy at Singapore University.

    Before the start of the Munk Debate when the score was taken among the attendants, apparently quite sophisticated upper middle class, mostly Canadians, the audience voted 76% “Yes” China is a Threat to the World Order. However, after the conclusion of the debate after nearly two hours, most disconcertingly the score remained nearly the same with a tiny bit slight change as the audience still voted overwhelmingly 74% “Yes” China is a threat to the International Order.
    After the two participants arguing against the question that China is a threat to the International Order, Messrs. Wang & Mahbubani, put an excellent most convincing factual case of China’s widely increased openness and participation in the International Liberal Order of active participation in Supranational institutions, i.e. the IMF, WTO, and significant financial contributions the UN’s Budget, Messrs. McMaster and Pillsbury, recalcitrant hardline hawks as the later, Mr. Pillsbury, closely advises Trump on China, both looked an old McCarthyites imprints of the Joseph McCarthy’s 1950s era invoking platitudinous terms of “Communists Control,” “Closed Authoritarian System” and “Gross Violation of Human Rights” in China, much a borrowed recalcitrant language of a past era.

    The beautiful reconciliatory facts loaded arguments eloquently presented by Messrs. Wang and Mahbubani defending the Chinese case seemed to fall on a deaf-eared audience, a fact that reinforced my deep belief that when it comes to the China debate, the western mind, right across the board, has already been set falling back to self-righteousness dogma and old-minted negative stereotypes.

    Professor Mahbubani’s invocation of excellent facts how China in the past 20 years lifted 850 million Chinese out of poverty in contrast to the more than 50% of the Americans experiencing a continuous fall in their real incomes since the past 30 years with 2/3 of the American households do not dispose on average of more than $500 per a household of savings to faceup emergencies; these facts as important considerations when it comes to the debate on human rights, the audience still could not entertain the difference in cultural perceptions.

    Mr. McMaster kept invoking China’s “One Belt One Road” as a proof of China’s Imperialist Ambitions and hegemonic designs of a nation that does not subscribe to the Western Liberal Ideals, Joseph McCarthy resurrected. This, despite the moderator, Mr. Griffith’s reminder that it is the US that is not conforming to the liberal rules of Free-trade and the so-called liberal rules of the game. However, the audience still never budged.

    In short, the Future to the recalcitrant Americans highest decision makers on China is in the past, blinded, in the example of the ostrich, to the forward-looking of China’s increasing engagement and opening up to the World; of China’s positive impact on the world trade and on the world’s economic growth, besides the strides in technological breakthroughs. The Audience’s overwhelming, non-budged shared view of China of the McMaster & Pillsbury left an observer less optimistic of the prospective peaceful outcome of the western rivalry with China.

    However, in the second PPF Debate hosting Harvard JFK School of Government Dean, Graham Allison, first singularly debating his book of “Destined for War” one-on-one, then joining in a wider panel discussion with the participation of a Canadian Senator and with Ms. Pascal Massot, Professor of Political Science at Ottawa University and the Canadian government’s main Advisor on China, the arguments were quite enlightening and quite rational.
    While repeating much of the narratives in his book of “Destined for War,” Graham Allison – whose mentor once were Henry Kissinger and Samuel Huntington2 -when asked that since the publishing of his book three years ago if he still believes an inevitable war with China is very likely, he, in view of the latest developments of the “Trade War” and other related issues with China, Professor Allison’s views on the likelihood of the war between the US and China have become affirmatively more likely.

    Following are a number of the highpoints that transpired during that Panel Discussion:
    China is by far winning the Technology War as China is by far ahead of the US in Telecom, the G5 that has no comparable parallels to it in the annals of the previous Gs or to that effect any competitor in the world that thus far does not exist. Same with Artificial Intelligence that China is moving far ahead of the US and other advanced countries in the world.

    With the average Chinese current productivity 1/4 his/her American counterpart, China’s GNP is at parity with the US’ GNP; By end of the decade, by 2029, the Chinese productivity is expected to double to 1/2 of that of the American. As by then China’s GNP will become double that of the US. It is argued by Western hawks that with such huge added value, China’s spending on the military will equally substantially increase.

    All at the Panel agreed that Trump’s Trade War on China was only a pretext in a desperate attempt to fight China’s strident jumps in technology.
    All were in Agreement that Trump’s hardline policy on China is very widely shared across the entire American polity spectrum that the democrats are more hawkish on China than the Republicans on this issue.

    • Mez

      Hi said,

      Very tasty–but also testy stuff; thanks

    • Ismail AA

      Dear Said,

      I agree with Mez down here.

      It take quite an effort to come up with such a formidable sum up of high quality debate on determining issue(s) that can affect the fate of an entire humanity in one way or the other. As has been indicated, the present historical era as informed by competing social and economic set ups for control of the ever diminishing resources the planet earth contains has become big powers worrying challenge. In past eras, human ingenuity driven technical advancements discrepancies in the possession of destructive capabilities had compelled settling for imposed dominator-dominated world oders through decades that saw changes in fortunes of nation-states in one form or the other.

      After the WW II and its aftermath, the emergence of competitive technically advanced nations had shifted the former order to single mutually counter balancing system under exchange-ably self destructive capabilities that comprised more than one side. This was the reason why our earth has been spared apocalyptic wars. Though the exploitive capacities that took advantage of the underdeveloped and backward parts of the world had continued, there emerged a world order that changed the inter and intra-state dynamics of relations. One of the results of this was the direct subjugation of peoples and the classical colonization a kind of anachronistic and costly enterprise, and gave way to indirect neo-colonial economic exploitation sources raw materials and conumer markets.

      Under such conditions, the post WW II world order was taken over by a small club of nations that agreed among to give one another the prerogatives of decision making power that unmistakably took into account the interest of the members in that club under a commonly agreed club of five veto wielding powers operating in the framework of the 15-members UNSC. The common the eligibility element here has been/still is the possession of mutually assured destructive weapons, which none other among the community of nations should be allowed to own. Thisunrealistic and potentially dangerous state of affairs is still alive and well.

      Now, to come back to the issue the debates you have summed up raised, namely, the emergence of China as economic and technical competitor with its demographic and ideological support base, have come to be seen by the USA and its allies as game changer that can have competitive edge that hitherto favoured the USA, especially in the duration of a de facto one-pole post 1989 world order. The irony here is that the China that was weaned away from the former Soviet Union to alter the equations of the counterbalancing alliance against it by attractive and heavy investments in the manner of the policy that produced the so called South East Asian tiger economies, including the transfer of technological know-how under the famous Nixon- Kissinger stewardship, has come around to become as liability that capable of influencing the working world as not only germane competitor but as a menacing adversary, as the debates you gave discussed have highlighted. The interesting fact here is hat those who argued at those debates are counted on the side of the neo-liberal open markets exponents’ class of intellectual thinker hot brands the Republican Party endorse.

      Despite the seemingly hot headed intellectual tendencies those people project, however, the hope of humanity and sustainability of the planet earth will be determined by how far the balancing techo-economic factors will remain counter balancing the behaviour of the world stage players. The good thing thus far seen is that the antagonists do cherish the life and its sustenance of their kind. They know that the annihilation of an adversary means also annihilation of oneself. As to ” human fallibility, hubris and miscalculation” causing the by all means should be avoided world-wide conflagration that can destroy humanity and life, God save us from such of His creatures.

      • said

        Greetings,
        Ismail AA ,
        I fully agree with your comment .May God save us from such of His creatures.
        Reality dictate. Washington Appears Wizening Up to Worsening Woes Opting to Cooling Off Confrontation with China.
        Feeling the pinch of mounting American Ills, President Joe Biden in a phone conversation with China’s leader, Xi Jinping yesterday appears to be veering towards de-escalating confrontation with China.

        American woes appear to be compounding by the day with not the least of which is the U.S. failure thus far to achieve full control and a total success fighting the Coronavirus Pandemic with nearly half the American population (mainly the American Right of predominately American Whites) giving in to the American Right’s adoption of the themes of a “Conspiracy Theory.”

        Adding to the American woes, and in consequence to the above, is an American economy that is sputtering, failing thus far, as much earlier hoped for, to robustly take off as mounting unemployment and as Inflation are setting in with national debt only continuing to soar to yet new unprecedented levels. The U.S. Treasury and the U.S. need China’s investments and the flowing in of China’s excesses of mounting Foreign Reserves to shore up the U.S. worsening foreign trade deficit as the U.S. is fervently holding on to keep the U.S. Dollar as the World’s sole Reserve Currency.
        President Joe Biden’s initiative in his phone call to the Chinese President to cool off confrontations between the U.S. and with behemoth China appears to also be motivated by the apparent Washington’s European and Asian Allies’ response giving cold shoulder to Washington in Washington’s calls to rally its traditional European and Asian allies to engage in escalation of crisis with China, enlist in a new crusade of a new “Cold War” against Russia and China..
        In line with all this is Washington’s apparent realization that any practical steps taken to combat the fast-worsening climate change disasters that are exceeding all historic proportions ravaging inside the world urban and population Centers. Foremost hitting repeatedly hard the U.S. and the Industrial World in General that can only be controlled and mitigated by the full cooperation and strong committed active support and closest collaboration by China.
        As reported last month, Mr. Blinken warned that China and Russia were ‘making the argument in public and in private that the United States is in decline – so it’s better to cast your lot with their authoritarian visions for the world than with our democratic one
        Understandably, President Joe Biden’s move early September in his phone call with Chinese President Xi Jinping to cool things off, while an encouraging sign, is undoubtedly the only practical step forward, a step that’s also motivated by worsening American internal sociopolitical rifts and in a world that is growing ever chaotic and increasingly way out of control.
        Like any war getting America to support a war with China is very easy.

        But the have no idea what it would actually be like to have a real war. some of them literally think a war with China would be similar to a war with Afghanistan and that has no direct effect on their life, China is defending itself not only by the productive industrial and agricultural economy its socialist government has sponsored, but by a guiding concept of how economies work. Central planning. Meanwhile for a for communist country China’s success has creating so many billionaires that it is now moving to curtail exorbitant wealth The New York Times published a prominent article defining the “Biden Doctrine” as seeing “China as America’s existential competitor; Russia. the article depicts U.S. strategy as representing “democracy,” the euphemism for countries with minimal governments leaving economic planning to Wall Street financial managers, the idea of neoliberal financialization expanding financial dynamic seeking to concentrate the world’s most profitable and highest rent-yielding resources in the hands of financial managers, mainly in the United Stat

        The disease. From 1980 on U.S. investors and importers access to low-priced labor able to undersell U.S. industrial labor. That helped stop U.S. wage gains, while China used foreign investment as a means of upgrading its technology and labor to become economically self-reliant. Today China does not need U.S. or other foreign money to develop.
        The United States refuses to join the World Court, or any international organization in which it does not have veto power. When have mighty power you diacetate your term.

  • haileTG

    Hi Awatista

    Just before the link curfew comes in and in the nick of time for PMAA inaugural ceremony, I would like to extend my warm wishes and a song to go with it:-)

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YRAnK5et7EQ

    • Abi

      ኃይልሽ
      ይህችን ቀልድ የት ተማርካት?
      ከመቼ ጀምሮ ነው ለአብይ ወይም ለኢትዮጵያ መልካሙን መመኘት የጀመርከው?
      ጉድ ነው!!

      • haileTG

        Hey Abichu!

        እንኩዋን ከዱቄት መበተን ዘመን፡ ወደ ከወፍጮ ዘሎ ለመውጣት የመፍጨርጨር ዘመን በሕይወት ኣደረሳቸው ጠ/ሚኒስቴር ኣቢይ!!

        • Abi

          ኃይልሽ ወዳጄ
          ኧረ በስመአብ በል!! ምነው መሳሳትን ልምድ አደረግኸው ኃይላችን?
          ልዩነቱ ምን መሰለህ ?
          አቢቹ ወያኔ አናት ላይ ሲጨፍር : ወያኔ በእሳት ወላፈን እየተንጨረጨረ ነው::
          ትልቅ ልዩነት ነው if you ask me.

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    Below is Michael Rubin again…but need to take it with a pinch of salt because he’s been writing some outlandish predictions. Although, it doesn’t mean that his points don’t correspond to emerging scenarios.

    “If the world does not take concrete action against Abiy to compel him to stand down on his plan, the question is not if there will be genocide against the Tigrayans, but when.”

    https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/will-ethiopias-genocide-be-worse-than-rwandas

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Hailat-TG,

      I am a regular reader of Micheal Rubin’s write-ups. For unknown reasons we have congruent views on the politics of Ethiopia in particular and on the geopolitics of the Horn in general. However, the genocide is not about “when” it has already happened and will continue to happen until the world take the necessary punitive action to stop it. Second, whether it could be worse than Rwandan genocides or not, should not be a measurement for the world to take the action. Once the genocide start to take place, and it did in Tigray, the world must act to stop it.

      Regard

      • haileTG

        Selamat Aman H

        Yes, it seems it is in progress. Here is how the 1948 Convention defines it:

        Article 2

        In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:

        (a) Killing members of the group;

        (b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;

        (c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in
        part;

        (d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;

        (e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.

        Clearly, the current blockade is (c) and all the rest happened except (e), unless you include the children missing their parents and transferred to camps. So, I agree with you and sadly some think only on the scale of killings when they talk of genocide.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Merhaba Hailat-TG,

          Beautiful! You enhanced the core of my argument. You are very fast to pull documents for reference. Thank you. Keep up your robust energy.

          Regard

        • Aman Y.

          Greetings HTG and all,

          THE ‘RESPONSIBILITY TO PROTECT’
          The Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect was set up in 2008; it plays a major role in developing and promoting the concept of the ‘responsibility to protect’ (R2P), which it defines as follows:
          “The responsibility to protect is a principle which seeks to ensure that the international community never again fails to act in the face of genocide and other gross forms of human rights abuse. “R2P,” as it is commonly abbreviated, was adopted by heads of state and government at the World Summit in 2005 sitting as the United Nations General Assembly. The principle stipulates, first, that states have an obligation to protect their citizens from mass atrocities; second, that the international community should assist them in doing so; and, third, that, if the state in question fails to act appropriately, the responsibility to do so falls to that larger community of states. R2P should be understood as a solemn promise made by leaders of every country to all men and women endangered by mass atrocities.”
          The concept of R2P implies that if a State manifestly fails to comply with its obligation to protect its population from four particular crimes – genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity – the international community has a responsibility to take joint action to protect the people in question. Such action can take various forms: diplomacy, humanitarian measures or other peaceful means; it can also, as a last resort, involve the use of force, but only after the UN Security Council’s authorization. Although R2P is referred to sometimes as an “emerging norm,” it is not a binding legal obligation committing the international community, but a political instrument.

          • haileTG

            Merhaba Aman Y,

            Good to see you back! Indeed, R2P is considered as “emerging norm” but unfortunately, it didn’t manage to emerge much at all. W2P (Will To Protect) has rendered it flat footed from its inception, Darfur being case in point – and now UNSC playing their “deeply concerned” pass it along game on Tigray. What do you think?

          • Aman Y.

            Merhaba HTG

            To long to dwell on “deeply concerned” mantra. The UNSC needs a reminder of their convention articles, covenants and promises.

            I think the Tigray government and activists should invoke these promises. persistently, for their campaigns.

          • haileTG

            Yes Aman

            The message should be as you say to the Tigray gov and activist. For TDF the message should be ክላሽንኩም ወልዉልዋ፡ ልጎምዋ፡ ኣጽኒዕኩም ዕጠቕዋ። Because this conflict is set to get worse before getting better.

  • said

    Greetings,
    Reflections by Francis Fukuyama: The American Ills; China and other places
    Listing to one-hour session with Professor Francis Fukuyama, the once renowned author of the “The End of History and the Last Man,” 1992 that its propagated theses were firmly embraced during the 1990s by the American right-wing conservatives, the Neoconservatives.
    The discussion with Professor Fukuyama, that was extremely informative as to the state of the world’s political and strategic outlook, with particular emphasis on the American ills, potential future war with China and on the Middle East and other places , rendered such a discussion quite informative and very timely.
    However, and by virtue of the continuing vantage position that the great scholar and thinker Francis Fukuyama occupies in the American conservative camp, and with the increasing convergence of the American Polity’s decision makers’ worldview – turning increasingly bellicose and more conservative on foreign policies – Professor Fukuyama’s expressed opinion and political interpretations can be perceived as a harbinger of things in the offing as to what to expect next of evolving world’s geopolitics.
    some of the Salient points that transpired in Professor Fukuyama’s discussions session:
    Extreme polarizations in the American current political and socio-political culture at the ground levels are a fair description of the new face of America.
    Political and security tensions between the U.S. and China could very well end in an actual military confrontation that could be sparked by the tensions.
    surrounding China’s potential invasion and acquisition of Taiwan, a real possibility in the future. Professor Fukuyama’s conclusions seem to go in parallel with Harvard Professor Graham Alison’s dissertations in his best seller, “Destined for War,”
    Interestingly, Mr. Fukuyama’s conclusions with regard to China and Washington’s posture seem to coincide with Richard Haass’ new article in Foreign Affairs that is entitled, “The Age of America First: Washington’s Flawed New Foreign Policy Consensus.”
    Professor Fukuyama professed that his links with the Neoconservatives that prompted him to write his famous book, “The End of History,” has now been severely ruptured and since 2004 on the force of the Neoconservatives’ opting for the invasion of Iraq that somehow, although not clearly expressed, This caused Fukuyama to recant on his theories of “The End of History.”
    Professor Fukuyama’s split with the Neoconservatives with regard to the Iraq invasion, predicated on his full understanding that the objective of the building of a new modern state in the absence of a general consensus, is a very complex and demanding undertaking that rests beyond the purview of the American Administration. Embarking on the task of the building of a new modern state as far more challenging than the establishment of a Democratic State.

    • Mez

      Greetings Said

      Great stuff; thank you.

      • said

        Greetings, Mz ,
        Thank you. There are still hundreds of questions waiting for a plausible answer, beside war and more research is needed before a paradigm shift in global chronology can begin to shake the entrenched academic establishment and do better work , for a better world and seek peace and eradicate poverty .

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Said,

      Great follow up review. Thank you so much. These are really important and attention worthy turn arounds in how the opinion maker class look at international relations and order. The few you have discussed glaze at issue from specific trajectories anchored on strategic interests of part of world. The absent angle here is the other parts of the same world. How do the Russians, Chinese and other nations states like India and others, at least in cluster forms like the African Union, the Islamic Organization, the Latin American associations, look at the changing world situation? Will the shifting situation lead to orderly multilateralism overseen by collectively legitimized center- the United Nations for example? . Indeed, interesting times ahead.

      • said

        Greetings,
        Ismail AA

        US after its rout in Afghanistan. The imperial order has been restored shortly after and it had reassert itself elsewhere to teach its strategic rivals, China and Russia in particular, that it will not back down from the next fight. Republican Mitt Romney summed up: ‘The war is not over. We are in a much more dangerous position and are going to invest.

        Recently the United States is getting serious about meeting the challenge from China, it is quite obvious , the challenge from China is as much economic as well a military. anti-Chinese military alliance the US has just formed with the UK and Australia. Plus India and Japan . As for European and the United States share many of the same values, they don’t always share the same interests.

        German writer ,an analyst Josef Joffe, “will try to please Uncle Sam, our security lender of last resort, but won’t alienate China and Russia.” He added: “As goes Germany, so goes the rest of Europe; neither will act as Mr Biden’s lieutenant against Russia, China and Iran.”

        For many years France’s status has declined downward . It has re-joined NATO’s integrated military command structure, led by the US. That basically say it in net shell ,they are looking for their interest .

        Chain have their own well-documented histories of human rights violations.

        India has its own regional power rivalry with China, and clearly the U.S. sees value in enlisting India into its anti-China alliance. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government led by Modi has committed egregious human rights violations against wide swaths of the Indian population. in 2019, the government has changed naturalization laws to discriminate against Muslims and charged critics of this new law with sedition. India cast system is sickening . A Dalit women and girls (belonging to the lowest Hindu castes) are often targeted by upper-caste perpetrators.in this day and age .
        Over the last year, the Indian farmers’ movement has made history as the largest protest movement ever. The government of India has responded by unleashing violence against the protesters. the Fascist Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) its member that assassinated Gandhi . Th ruling BJP openly admits its close ideological ties with the RSS.
        any way you look at it ,it doesn’t well for the rest of humanity

  • haileTG

    Selamata Awatista,

    The two opposing polar centers of Eritrean opposition thinkers: Saay and YG have made two interesting conclusions of the the peace and war in post-EPRDF Ethiopia. Saay called it [please correct if someone else have claim on it:-] “A peace without dividends” and in his recent exposition on UMD media, YG calls it “A war of opposing dividends“. Very observant of both. How do these thinkers come up with cool stuff like that?:-)

    • iSem

      Hi TG:
      Q:How do these thinkers come up with cool stuff like that?:-)
      A: because they are thinkers:-)
      But I do not think Sal is correct. The investors (the people) did not receive dividends. But the criminals did. IA got dividends, Abiy got dividends. Also it is wrong to call it peace. It was friendship with IA and Abiy with no parliament and details of the agreement

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Hi Sem,

        Can we really know the “real dividends” without knowing the end result of the war and its context? I know from the protagonist point of view the war has an opposing dividend objectives. But for us as a third party will give a different analytical judgement to the end result of the war. So I don’t see the importance of the topic to debate at this juncture of the war outcome.

        regard

    • Ismail AA

      Selam haile TG,

      One has to be cautious in forming an opinion without having on hand the contexts that led each of the two gentlemen to reach that conclusion. If each meant what I understand of what peace dividends entails, which means saving resources (budget) spent on the war effort, and spending it on something of value to the society, saay’s views suggests that there will after all be no much money and resources left to be saved as poor as Ethiopia is. On the other hand, YG conclusion suggests there would not be peace because the warring sides will continue to waste the meagre resources the country. This is the case if one looks at the issue from the perspective of war effort, aside from the economic gain shared from invested money in business ventures.

      • haileTG

        Selamat Ismail, iSem and Aman,

        Ismail! Yes I agree in that context. I was also thinking along the line of dividends of peace (for the people) and opposing dividends (for the warring parties). In other words, after the peace of 2018, things went for the worse for the Eritrean and Ethiopian people. And after the launch of the war in 2020, the warring parties are expecting dividends that are at odds to each other’s interests – IA can’t secure peace with TPLF still operational, PMAA can’t gain peace without seceding to TPLF demands, Amhara can’t gain peace without TPLF giving in its core demand (WT) and TPLF will not gain peace without the others dropping their positions. I also agree with your take from the war effort perspective.

        Aman, yes we need to wait a little longer to see definitively which way things will go before debating dividends from the leader’s prespective.

        iSem, the problem for IA is that nothing satisfy him. If he was to come out victorious, he will still give his pessimistic interviews – like “Hager alo elka kizreb ykeAl dyu? Ethiopia abey ala? Eritrea abey Ala? Bats’E abey ala? Hatsbi abay abey alo? kulu yelen!” 🙂

  • Reclaim Abyssinia

    Selamat Selam Dear Awate community,

    I hope you all are doing well and coping with the never-ending weary news from our region.

    I have a couple of queries. Does anyone know if the seven UN official deportees are still in Ethiopia or have left the country?

    I also do not understand all the faze about the deportation of the UN workers from Ethiopia, isn’t this the norm?

    My good reason is that I know several Eritrean origin people that were given 72 hours to leave for Kenya (during the 1998 drama) because they were working for the UN. Their airfare, one-week hotel etc was covered by the united nation. Their positions were like Mechanics, coordinators, regional directors, etc. They received an acknowledgement letter directly from Boutros-Ghali. They had to wait the usual long waiting period from the UNHCR to settle in another country as a refugee. They were given some money for their services according to the length of their service but never been compensated or redeployed in another region.
    Do you think the fate of the seven deportees will probably end up lossing their job? If that’s the case shouldn’t all UN workers be in compliance with the government of the country they work at, if thats not the case who is the “man” that can enforce any violation of past present and future of the UN charter?
    Cheers,
    Reclaim

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    The following tweeted video is given a reduced visibility (you have to click in to view it) due to its disturbing nature. It is a Muslim Tigrayan man being tied up behind his back while his fractured head bleeding. His body was later found down the river in the Sudanese side [identified by the type of rope found on bodies]. I’ll share the general twitter page but warn you not to click to view it if you are offended by graphic images in general. We must acknowledge that this is an atrocity being actively supported by Eritrea. It will indeed be a stain on our conscience and our children have to live with that. The killers mock the Tigrayan on his identity and Islamic faith. I wonder how some people go to excuse the persons acting barbarically in the footage by covering it up as the result of 27 years rule of EPRDF?? The men can tell right and wrong, can’t they? Hoover your mouse over the cover below:

    https://twitter.com/Yonigussie/status/1444187001742315521

  • haileTG

    Selamat Berhe,

    If you remember recently we had a discussion on the May 1989 Coup during the Derg. I think the recent interview by Brg.Gen Tekeste with TV Sened has delved into the matter. Gen. Tekeste confirms that EPLF was in talks with the Coup leaders and TPLF rejected such a move. I think you were looking at MZ interview that was given much later and claimed to have worked with them or to that effect. Tekeste Haile has extensive detail and mentions @40min mark that TPLF had indeed rejected it as I was trying to convey at the time. Not sure if is any use now though:-)

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cWJNngAcNxc

    • iSem

      Hi Hail TG:
      ANd that is smart and understandable, the deal will not guarantee TPLF’s ethnic and regional agenda, it is anti-thehseis of Woyane 1 and 2. If EPLF had made a deal with the coup leaders what will be the future of Tigray
      Gen Tekeste said this about 1978 EPLF talks in E. Gemany: Dergi agreed to the talks so MH can buy time after the defeat of 1977 when gheldi liberated many cities and towns, but he never mentioned IA had an another card/agenda to play to which is: to make some deal with Ethiopia and continue what he started with HS in kanjew at the expenses of the yearning of the Eriter people but Dergi would have none of it.
      EPLF’s primary agenda under IA and his stooges was not to liberate Eritrea that is why we are where we are.
      But that is a different discussion 🙂

      • haileTG

        Hey iSem,

        That is interesting way to look at it. But, we were trying to ascertain with Berhe that TPLF refused to work with them (my position) and according to MZ reference of it in an interview, TPLF tried to work with them (Berhe’s position). Tekeste Haile says TPLF did actually reject it. As to the reasons why I think you make good point, but did woyane 1 and 2 have anything to do with kilil?

        On the oft repeated – IA is “a mule” for anti-liberation, that makes a mockery of the entire EPLF movement. This is why I don’t push that too much. The reason the Eritrean dream failed inside Eritrea is the same as the reasons for why the opposition dream failed. Eritreans need to mature and see the interrelationships between individual interests and greater collective interests. Such immaturity has bogged us down and made us look as if someone or something is sabotaging us. Trust has to still grow in our national normals before the people can finally start to start going back to normal.

        • iSem

          Hi Haile TG:
          I followed your debates with BY and the positions each of you had. I just said that to say how TPLF was thinking and also rightly so. They always worried about “how about if EPLF made deal and left them to hang dry.”
          On your oft repeated comment. it is refreshing because it has been a long time since I disagreed with you, so here it is
          I disagree that it is immaturity to tell the facts about EPLF under IA, it is not mockery, it is fact that IA rode the dreams of independence because his dreams was stopped when Dergi came to power.
          It is not fiction that IA was negotiating with HS, it is not fiction that he told some political office leaders to create a joint government with TPLF on the eve may 24, it is not fiction that he wa coy when PH asked him if he wanted to be the president of Ethiopia that included Eritrea. It is not fiction that he is with Amhara and Abiy and for Abiy to be our leader, now
          If we had some semblance of an org that cared about Eritrea, the moment IA said joint government with TPLF that MH rebutted IA would have been accused for treason. These knowledge is so important to alert Eritreans that their desire for independence is in danger under IA and his handful lackeys. EPLF was a an org created to destroy the dream, but knobest to them those Erireas who wanted it free and liberated helped IA to accomplish his dreams. That is what am saying
          Eritrean dream was not hijacked after 1994, it was hijacked from the beginning. You see I do not expect any ghedli to be democratic, but I expect it not to annihilate Eritreans and that is what EPLF was doing, but the cities and towns have only had the brunt of EPLF for 30 years, the villages have born that brunt for 50 years now. Culture, norms, respect, all that we are proud of ere destroyed by EPLF. this is not the result of the inevitable change that revolutions usher in, they are the implement of EPLF under IA and those who were eager to die for liberty did not pay attention to this, they were buy dying a That is why under ELF, life was normal in the villages but still the people supported ELF and joined the cause but they were not annihilated. I ask you to think about what EPLF introduced to Eritrea that is the root cause for the decay we see now
          I know, throwing root cause will make some here uncomfortable but if we do not understand that, I think we will repeat the same thing all over again. When the crackdown happened 20 years ago, I never thought that PFDJ will last this long. You can attribute that on IA control. Exactly! But when was the control implemented? in 19970s when PFDJ was created:-)
          I also want to you think, disappearing those who are generally considered founding fathers and mothers of Eritrea and for the tegadelti and population to live with it without any effective threat to PFDJ and to go for that long in a nation that fought 30 years bloody war, went through civil war for liberty and dignity. So no positive thinking, no maturity, no fictitious threat will solve that
          Now you can tell me this is not unique to us, fine but then we should not say the heroism we conducted was unique.
          And this status quo is unsustainable, it will lead to eventually undoing Eritrea before the fictitious fear of TPLF and Agazian does that. so since it unsustainable, after the war is over we should either have an Eritrea purged of PFDJ and its legacy or we should have a major reconfiguration even unifty with Tigray to save our people, heritage, redeem our history. But that will bring conflict with the lowland and highland in Eritrea because we tend to solve a problem that does not exist, like instead of focusing on our existential threat that is PFDJ, we are focusing on if, if TPFL wins they will invade us line of thinking.

          • haileTG

            Merhaba isem,

            Yes, disagree, we should do, how else can we forge progress? Isn’t that what you’re correctly attributing as a core problem of missed opportunity in course corrections? Again, how else can we get your brilliant exposition if we don’t poke you here and there. Thanks for disagreeing friend:-)

            Now, on the key points you raised, where does the role of the Eritrean people fit in? Can we say they too are conspiring to undo Eritrea by succumbing to and facilitating IA. Why the deafening silence while the country is put through so much? I am talking of people at home to start with. Are our people any more fearful of any other people in the region and continent who protest? Are Eritrean mothers less caring than Somali mothers? Are Eritreans who are the eyes, ears and hands of the regime and the wider populace missing in action up to some unsavory plans the thwart the nation?

            What about the diaspora Eriteans? Those who dance in the streets for the the regime, those who break up opposition organizations, those who oppose the opposition, those who bring divisive agendas that target one section or the other? Even the main opposition who confuse the public and dissappear till the next crisis shows up? Religious leaders who refuse to criticize the regime?

            As you have made a valid conception of what went on with EPLF, what about the populace which decided to abandon the country in droves? We have seen Lampedusa survivors turned YPFD?

            One person can’t take all the credit for the 30 year post independence feat to turn Eritrea back to pre Italian colonial level of development. We all helped, facilitated and collaborated in one form or another. Individuals may have benefitted but collectively we were devastated. Self inflicted to some extent. This is what I termed immaturity, not the actual allegations of this or that. All of our misdeeds are undersigned by narrow and sub-national interests. Individuals with greed, bitterness and vengeance in their heart causing huge damage while being trusted on grounds of affliation.

            So, I am as guilty as IA in not helping better. And that is the immaturity of not seeing beyond individual interest.

            I hope we are on same page now:-)

          • Berhe Y

            Hi iSem,

            In light of what you wrote above and listen to IA speech in Ethiopia in 1991 (according to the video) and what he said. What do you make out of it, in contrast to our held belief that IA has come out “to hijack Eritrea”.

            https://www.facebook.com/groups/erimedia91washington/posts/2327127827428311/

          • iSem

            Hi BY:
            Thank for the video, I have not listened it since 1992.
            TPLF approved the independence of Eritrea, most likely for their own interest and not necessarily that they believed it (But officially TPLF has never waivered about the self determination of Eritrea) and since we cannot read hearts and minds we take that to be their believe
            IA in this video is with the independence of Eritrea and he isn’t going to incriminate himself on the eve of referendum so that doe s not absolve him for the accusation. His action and previous words are good enough
            There are facts though
            1. His CIA connection. The coming of Dergi messed that up. The yearning of independence of Eritrea was so overwhelming so he has to ride it until the right time came
            2. The west chose MZ and MZ betrayed IA and then that brought the 1998 war that you and I and Solmie Tadesse discussed 🙂
            3. 1998 was a defeat to his ego and his grand goal. But MZ was too smart to continue and backed off
            4. now squar this speech with what he is doing now.
            5. His refusal of the 500k refugees to return to their homes. These are those who fled Eritrea in 1968 as the first mass exodus. Reason is these refugees were from the low lands those Tibah Tibah that some Tigrayns are talking about now. So in this light IA is not different from those. If you worry about btah btah, IA is your guy, the damage from inside. This is very big issue and those who some how returned, they soon were exiled from Ad Ibrihim and all the villages that HS burned to the ground in 1968, ushering the first refugees to sudan and that is precisely why, I say May 24 freed only the land not the people. The 500k refugees are now languishing in Sundan, neither Sudanese nor Eritreans with demographic implication for the region. With what is going on in Sudan in the East and in Tigray in the next two decades there will be major realignment, meaning Eritrea as we know it geographically will be hard pressed to exist, that is why the Badme issue was irrelevant and Eritreans should focus on saving themselves an protecting their hard earned identity. The issue in eastern Sudan is partly because of the Eritrean lowlands that were abandoned, they lived there for 60 years and the Beja do not recognize them, Eritrea does not recognize them. IA’s gambling and ambition has implications in the existence of Eritrea

            The highlanders can easily be swayed by IA to even be with Ethiopia, the low land no so, that is the reason for refusing the return of Eritreans. Israel, a country that I adore and you not so much brings its citizens even those who left during Abraham’s era home like the Felasha in 1986 after Israel was reestablished. So think about that
            5. IA also talked, just before the names of the war dead was announced about confederation with Ethiopia, I had the copy of Hadas Eritrea, unless you have kept it:-)
            Think a out that even for sensitivity
            And Yemane T/gergish talks about how IA told the Sidama liberation leader that Ethiopia should not integrate.
            All things point to his disdain about the cause of Eritrea. Amar and Gabir have been telling us that. The late Gabi even wrote a letter to ELF when IA joined ELF because he was shocked
            Now how about the entire EPLF, overwhelmingly they were for Eri independence but their failure was not control IA and that was the plan of Menkae as you know. Just before May 24, brought Kisha, Yemane and Kassa to the fore and sacked for most part all the Eritreans, relegating them to fisheries and trade.
            This comment may not address your question, but it embeds it
            the valid argument is how does this accusation benefit our struggle now, it should not be the focus of it, but it should be a teaching moment
            A guy with such a record cannot be absolved by one speech during when preparing for referendum to secede

          • Berhe Y

            Hi iSem,

            This exactly the reason why I forwarded it to you. That is even if he didn’t believe in Eritrea independence, he did not need to say that in front of Ethiopians and the world. His words as far as Eritrea referendum was unflinching and uncompromising. Let’s take that as a fact and let us focus on facts we know it’s true and we can prove it’s true.

            You know that we have discussed so many “speculation, theories and other incriminating evidence” as to why he dies what he does.

            Is it because he hailed from Atse Yohannes line (some website shows tha he is related to him)

            Yemane Jamaica told us he is related and they grew up together.

            Someone said, I don’t remember who, his uncle was the governor and he spend his summer there.

            His grand mother, Medhin Berad was the supporter of mahber Andint

            Too many to list…

            But what happened in Tigray, really erased for me about all the “theories” and i come to conclude that, there is no reason we need to go after the “theories” when we have the evidence and proof to go after him.

            That is, we know what he did since 1991 and all with evidence and facts and proof. If we focus on our allegation on the facts without a reasonable doubt then we can target and attack him better.

            By this I mean, for example, when we in incriminate the whole EPLF organization, and what they paid for, it does not help our cause. I believe if we like it or not, the key to our change will come from the same organization (all the lower ranking members), that are guarding the regime.

            Ahmed AlQeysi said in his last interview with yiAkle I think, on remembering the G15, and asking him self and the organization.

            እንታይ ገርናሉ ንህዝቢ ኤርትራ: እንታይ ናጽነት አምጺእናሉ? እዚ እንተ ዝፈልጥ ነረ አነ ብኡ ገይረ ንሱዳን ምስ ከድኩ ነረ: እንታይ ክገብረለይ ተጋዲለ::

            It’s enough for me to that the organization at the highest level did not fight for what we ended up with. Like everyone else, the most majority, their dream has been hijacked.

            * It’s better we focus our target to where we can make the most damage rather than fighting each other proving “theories” that will not make much a difference if we prove their accuracy or not.

            * here I am focusing on terms of priority but not to hide the facts.

          • iSem

            Hi BY:
            What he did in Tigray is irrelevant to his goal. Someone asked me if he is from Tigray why is he attacking Tigray? Because he want to take revenge on TPLF for humiliating and betraying and then unite Ethiopia that included Eritrea, So his lineage does not matter but it is a fact that he was born in Eritrea and his uncle Solomon was gov of Wollo during HS also his other uncle Captain Mekonen was air force chief in HS regime and all his family are andnet so there are facts to what you listed as speculations. Dr Solomon Enquay was his uncle by his mother side. See video.
            So do not call all of them speculations. Also MZ is even more Eritrean than IA (he is half) but his heart was in Tigray and worked and died for Tigray not Eritrea, so it would not have mattered if IA was fully Tigrayan but his heart is not for Eritrea. The logic that if he was from Tigray why attack it fails because I could say if he was Eritrean why attack ELF with Tigrayans. I agree with you about the focus but that was not the discussion about.
            But it is not unique to Eritrea that a nobody, no native destroying their country, Stalin was not Russian, he was Georgian who spoke Russian with an accent. IA want power, if he cannot make it, his dynasy his son etc, Eritrea is too small for him and he hates it as he told Andebrhan, “I will destroy Eritrea the same way I built it.” You are so underwhelmed nowadays by IA designs, Even Sal abandoned his romantic fantasy of reforming EPLF 🙂

            I agree with you on one thing and I preempted it in the response to haile, how does this help us, everyone knows these facts, ELF knew it and they told their ppl this is too low do not call IA Tigray
            IA betrayed Eritreans like Haile D and PS and others while they slept but he never betrayed TPLF and MZ, they betrayed him and now they are paying for it. Trust me this is not over for us, it will get uglier
            Good for Qeysi, he is right and that is exactly what am saying. And if he has abandoned EPLF he would have done a service for Eritrea. But he cannot claim he did not know IA in the field was murdering and disappearing ppl left and right. Some ppl consider it as part of the cost for May 24, not different than martyrdom. I do not. Do you?
            Now, that is in the past and how about now? When this is finished and done , we will see about 20k dead from Eritrea and for what?
            https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A5wLvnodPU4

            PS: about incriminating all EPLF, I do not, I naunce it, like this: the majority thought they were fighting to liberate Eritrea, but the leadership steered it to destroying the fabric of Eritrea, we discussed a lot what they were doing to the places they occupied. I am not impressed by liberating piece of land a shifta can do that and the ghedli did not start to liberate land, it started to reclaim dignity and stop killing and kidnapping and ELF lead the majority who joined for dignity and liberty to that, molding many of them in the image of IA.
            I will edit later for clarity

          • Berhe Y

            Hi iSem,

            You make sense as always but I don’t know why sometimes you give example as if I am saying he is good for Eritrea, like what you said is going wrong in Tigray.

            The speculation that I was referring was, if he is somehow fighting against Eritreans people interest because he is attached to Tigray. May be you didn’t but I have and heard it from a lot of others, which the recent war made it obvious.

            Even if he wanted to destroy TPLF why go after the many innocent people, I just don’t see the logic. You know it’s going to work against you.

            I am not sold in the idea of bringing Eritrea to Ethiopia goals or may be his lifelong dream. Even if that turns out to be true, I don’t believe it’s a good reason to fight him because we have no facts that we can back up. By this I mean we have enough smoke screen to speculate but nothing concrete we can go by.

            What I am saying is, if we focus in things like, bring rule of law, freedom of press, free speech, democracy, rule of law, budget, regular national service etc … is enough reason to frame him on his failures and why he needs to go. This will not create any ambiguity on our arguments etc… but telling Tefadelti that you were enabling him and your fighting and sacrifice is for nothing etc how is tgat going to help us?

          • iSem

            Hi BY:
            No, you never said he is good for Eri and I hope you will never say
            He was working against Eritrea and did that while in Sahel not cus he is from Tigray, he believes that Eritrea is part of Ethiopia like some Eritrea ddi. Rem some voted against independence in the ref? I think in his secret ballot he voted against indep too:-) Haile TG has good take in his Tig comment)
            His Tigrawinet and his anti-Eritreans are not mutually exclusive.
            There are many examples that he undermined the Eritrea cause. I listed them. Like any dictator he wants power but I believe he does not feel like Eritrean, why would one who spent 25 years of his life fighting say I will destroy Eritrea. You blame YG for trashing Ghedli, but IA is the first to trash Ghedli, that is what am saying
            Why did he invite TPLF to destroy 50k army of ELF? these army could have shorted the 30 years struggle, they all came to the west. If not for IA, am convinced that you and I will have grown up in truly free Eritrea
            why did he float the idea of creating joint government with TPLF.
            why did he talk about confederation even before the dead were announced in 1993?
            Consider just these three. They are not screen smoke, they are smoking gun. Ghedli was sparked because the confederation was broken before its time and after 30 years he is talking about confederate
            And TG also noticed something important, IA talked about self determination but never independence.
            Telling tegadli they wer emislead will help like it helped Qeysi to make the comment you shared and like HD said to do”hsabom” when fighting, learn his MO etc, but EPLF most of them were for liberation and dignity.
            About removing, nothing has worked am not saying we focus on his identity but on his actions and his action did not start in 1994.
            Think of it all his 1997 politic beauro no one is in power except him and Alamin (sec of PFDJ)

          • Berhe Y

            Hi iSem,

            Please search YouTube video titled “Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki historic speech referendum 1993”.

            Specific question were asked and also the speech he gave after, which I think answers to HaileTG observation.

            1) ንዓኻ ንውልቅኻ እዚ እንታይ ይስመዓካ (after he cast his vote)
            2) ውጽኢት ረፈረንዱይ እንታይ ይኸውን ይመስለካ?

            I am paraphrasing so find the video and you can listen for yourself.

            They are long but I think you should listen to AlQeysi interview. Most of the questions we have were asked and he answered them honestly to his ability and to what he can and knew about.

            I can say that we were not totally (at least I was) not correct in all accounts. For example, i think he was the architect of everything but it turned out he was not. Most if the ideas come from others and he accepted them and owned them. For example,
            1) the secret party. He has nothing to do with it it’s others idea.
            2) the dissolving EPLF and replace with party. He has nothing to do with it.
            3) the replacement of leaders of liberation and replace with “new blood”. He has nothing to do with it.

            He even praise him on his effective leadership, that he is decisive on decision making. He said, if I wanted something done, it was easier for me to go to Isayas rather than Romodan (even Romodan was the head).

            I know MH said, he told him about staying with Ethiopia. Even if that’s the case, why MH took all these years to said so. I don’t know but MH seems to me, is not totally transparent. He seems to me that he treat Eritreans like children who can’t decide for themselves what’s right and wrong and he can guide us or think for us. AlQeysi said, IA met with MH for 4 hours before his departure before the arrest G-15. The topic was about G15 and they could not come to terms and agree with.

            What he said in the end of the interview made all sense (ties with CIA, Ethiopia, Eritrea independence etc), we make him like some super human and can come up with all the things. In other words, I think we gave him way more credit than he deserved.

          • iSem

            Hi BY:
            Ok. will do. But until then let me say this about the points you raised and Qyes sometimes false narrative.
            First no one is making IA omnipotent. He is human, but IA from the get get controlled money and security: put differently he has people doing stuff for him, his eyes everywhere. The debate between Emma and Sal and at one point with our friend GHB, whether PFDJ is authoritarian or not. And ppl for their different reasons did his dirt work, including the ppl like PS, who came to sudan to order assassinations on Eritrea
            Now the BS Qyesi is saying: New blood was not IA idea, if it was not he is the oldest blood in the leadership and especially there was no one before him in political office, how come he did not go and the other were eliminated. So, the new blood thing was not renewal, and actually most the leadership were in tehri fifties, at the pinnacle of their game,e xpereince and you eliminate them with no succession planning? That is the dumbest idea if it was for new renewal, it was to weaken Eritrea. Think about it, PS, Ogeb, Bitweded, and all the security and military experience you remove them, and they are not that old, how is that rejuvenation. There is lots of problems with that logic and you seem to fall for it. My friend it was to weaken Eritrea, cannot prove it like math but you can do by logic.
            And the guys who came like Kisha and Yemane are not exactly new blood. The journalists who interview these guys do not know how to ask questions and follow up, except the dude from SBS. Beyene
            About MH keeping quit, I do not like it,it is bad but we have no way of knowing why, but we should focus and verify if that is true. So what is the point to say why MH waited so long? It is not germane to the point of IA’s anti-Eriteanism and his grip on EPLF and PFDJ and the killing fields he oversaw and is overseeing now.
            Secret party? He did not create it, he learned it in china but it is not really splitting the atom, ELF had it and TPFL had it. But they were not secret and not killing machines, that is what makes it the difference, not who created it, so again not germaine
            So whose idea it was to eliminate veterans and replace them with stooges? about renewing EPLF, probably they wanted new, incluse party, not consolidating power for IA, IA used it to consolidate power, that is the point. Qeys can say that, but it takes a skilled journalist to ask and follow up. Haile D was fed up and even said in the third congress that that they should count the Menkae like Mussie as martyrs.
            About MH meeting, MH said it himself and he said that zedlyan tezaribna, so what is the point again. Why he did not arrest him or stop him from leaving? that is why ppl are suspicious about MH but it is besides the point
            My thesis is this: IA was never for Eritrean indep, his words and his actions tell us and many of what you call speculations are evidence based. For example, there is proof that IA was in Kachew meeting CIA two times as Wedi Gorgo wrote and CIA document confirm and the first thing IA after may 24 is to kill him in Addis with help of TPLF, why? If the meeting were so innocent? Also ELF has interviewed wedi Gorgo and he told them everything.
            About your last para, am confused. no one is a saying IA did it alone, but he makes mafia deals on the expense of Eritrea and no one stops him because of the deals. For example ELF attack with TPLF was also CIA backed, they did not want to a left leaning powerful org in the region and Sudan helped by arresting ELF to surrender and then the assassinations in Sudan of the leaders of ELF.
            Also Abdella Idris has written a book in Arabi where he alleges ELf was infiltrated from high ranking the top leadership.
            You could say IA brilliant for doing that, but it is not what you are thinking, it is not the intelligence as we know, it is , it is based on dark, backward religional based. Also I had heated debated with MS when I called the Sagem (Zemheret group) unity withE PLF was based on regional and sectarian notions. MS hated that comment.
            I hope ai addressed some of the points and some

          • haileTG

            Selamat Berhe,

            Thanks for this link.

            በቲ ሓደ ሸነኹ፡ ሕጂ ተመሊስካ ክትሰምዖ እንከለኻ፡ እምበር’ዶ እዚ ሰብኣይ ጥዑይ’ዩ ነይሩ ኢልካ’ውን የተሓሳስብ እዩ። ሓደ ንሓሳባት ዓይኒ-ሰም (iSem) ዘራጉድ ነገር ቅጂል ዘብል ነጥቢ እንተሃልዩ፡ ካብ ዘረብኡ እንርድኦ – “ቀይዲ ፈድረሽን ስለዝተበትከ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ መሰል ርእሰ ውሳነ ይደሊ ኣሎ” እዩ ዝብል ዘሎ። ኣርጊጹን ኣነጺሩን ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ንነጻነቱን ሉዓላዊነቱን ተቃሊሱ ዝተዓወተ ህዝቢ ከምዝኾነ መጠን መስርሕ እወጃ ናጽነቱ ብረፈረንዱም ከረጋግጽ ይሸባሸብ ስለዘሎ ነዚ ብምቅባልኩም ነመስግን፡ ንተግባራውነቱ ድማ ብሓባር ክንዓየሉ ድሉዋት ኢና ክንዲ ምባል፡ ነታ ነጻነት ትብል ቃልውን ኣይተጠቀመላን። መራሒ ግንባር ናጽነት ከም ምዃኑ መጠን ከየገረመ ኣይተርፍን። ነዛ ሕጂ መዓል መሓሪ የውሃንስ ንሕወሓት መርገጽኪ ኣነጽሪ፡ መሰል ርእሰ ወሳነ እናበልኪ ኣይትታሓብኢ እናበሉ ዘዋጥርዋ ዘለዉ ትመስል። ግዜን ኩነታትን ዝተፈልየ ምዃኑ ግን ርዱእ እዩ።

          • Berhe Y

            Hi HaileTG,

            From all the screwups he did and said in the last 30 years, that is minuscule if one have to look at objectively, even if he didn’t vote for independence himself during the referendum that’s ok:), it’s a choice that was afforded ti him.

            I think Paul Heinz said, when he asked TPLF leaders after the war in 1998 “what went wrong with him”, and they told him “I think the malaria he got in his brain may affected him”.

            To me, I think this theory makes the most sense:).

          • Mez

            Good day iSem,
            1) Lots of interesting observations. Thank you. Especially you diagnosed “the status quo is unsustainable” which is in muliple ways correct.

            2) it is generally hard to contemplate the forceful removal, idea, of the pfdj or any other political movement for that matter.

            3) always to wonder if the deep entrenched subsistance agriculture–as the benchmark base of the economy–contributed disproportionally to these waves of monolithic style of thinking and negation of any opinions but mine.

            Thanks

          • iSem

            Hi Mez:
            Thanks. I also agree with your assertion about the economy but my point is PFDJ and EPLF before it did not make that better, they deliberately wanted to make the ppl destitute so they join EPLF and hopefully die
            I will give you one example: I studied middle and high school in Sudan and thanks to the late Dr. Habte and ELF org they convinced UNHCR to open school for us but denied Ethiopians from attending the school, in theory it was UNHCR funded but they mad sure that Ethiopians could not attend it (another topic and discussions)
            But EPLF were working hard to shut it down but the late, gutsy Michael Gabir fought them tooth to nail, so much so than when he died in a car accident we thought EPLF killed him. EPLF only opened schools for the elementary level in Sudan and after that they expected you to join and die. So tell me what did the Italians do worse than that
            So while your assertion is spot it, I say that it was made worse by the EPLF
            Example, the firs thing EPLF did when they occupy a rural area is to round the youth and take them, so those Asmarinos and Kerenites, Mendeferenites, etc rounding youth did not start in 2000
            ELF will open schools, civilian clinics and life goes normal, ELF had a program called “Nabra Ebyet”, Emma H can tell us about the, also Ismail AA
            I know, it is a hobby here to attack YG, but when he said PFDJ is a colonizing power like the Italians, I agree with him. of course YG should be criticized when he makes allegations against ppl like Saleh and Saleh.

            * The Kerenites is a joke to poke SGJ as I know EPLF had occupied Keren for a year or so and they committed heinous crimes there.keren and dDei Amhare experienced the brunt of EPLF. Asmara, Mendefera and many others are spoiled and think EPLF good PFDJ bad. It is not that

    • Berhe Y

      Hi HaileTG,

      Thank you for the link. I will listen when I have time but honestly I am kind of getting tired listening to all these “interviews” these days. Not that they are not interring and have values but it’s becoming so repetitive and time consuming telling and retelling the past.

      On the other hand, we also have people opinion that’s repeated time and time talking about the same thing.

      I appreciate that you found first hand info that aligns with the facts you knew and politicians do and say different things at different times.

      I think it will interesting to listen action oriented plans and strategies to be honest or something that’s relevant in terms of priorities for the time we are in.

      Having said that what do you think:

      1) the demonstrations in East Sudan and how it will impact Eritrea / Tigray if conflict turns into something else.

      2) what’s your view in the demonstration that is happening in Ethiopia against Abiy by the Oromo youth. It looks to me the repeat of Qerro and it will test Abiy government and to his support, specially how it will impact economically the youth.

  • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

    ኣፍ ‘ርክቡ
    ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ክጸንት
    ቀሪቡ
    ብስደት ኮነ ብቕትለት
    ብመራሕቲ ህግደፍ

    ኣብ ዓዋተ
    ምሁራት ክመስሉ
    ብህዝቦም ከምዝሓልዩ
    ብርስቶም ብሪሞም
    ከምዝስውኡ ሓንቲ ሜትሮ
    ከይትጭረሞም
    ኣለናኪ ክብሉ
    የምስሉ

    ኣብ ግብሪ ግን
    ሽርብ ኣይርከቡን
    ናበይ ከምዘበሉ
    ኣይግድን

    ገሊኦም ሰገነይቲ ተዘይተውሪራ
    ምድረ-ካቶሊክ ተዘይተሰዊራ
    ኣይግዶም

    ገሊኦም መንደፈራ
    ‘ንተዘይወሪራ
    ባዕላ ትፍልጥ ዓዲዃላ
    ‘ንታየይ ኴና
    ዝብሉ

    ገሊኦም ባረንቱ ‘ንተዘይጎቢጣ
    ጎሊጅ ተሰነይ ኣትኳሮ
    ናይ መን ኴና
    ‘ንታይ ንፈልጣ
    ቶኾምብያ
    ‘ንተዘፈሪሳ
    ኣይስወጠንን ዝብሉ

    ዓፋር ‘ንተተወሪሩ
    ዓሰብ ‘ንተዘይተንኪፋ
    ከም ድሌቶም ይብሉ

    ወረ
    ሓንቲ ኤረትራ ይብሉ
    ከይሓፈሩ
    ምስ ትምህርቶም ዝደንቆሩ
    ውሑዳት ድም ጓሓሉ
    ወረ ገሊኦምሲ
    ናይ ተሓኤ ዝነበሩ
    ብመስተ ህግደፍ ዝሰኸሩ
    ብሕማም ጽል ኢ
    ድንቁርና ዝሓረሩ
    ዓብ ዓለም ‘ኳ ክንደይ ከይምሃሩ
    ኣብ ላዕላይ ሰማይ ክመሓሩ
    ይትስፈወሎም

  • Brhan

    Hello Awate forum participants

    The drama south of the border, as usual, is thrilling, as the Magnificent 7

    CBC Radio reported today October 02, 2021 that the 7 UN reps Ethiopia gave persona non grata would stay in Ethiopia. Do you think Abi will say እባካችሁ ውጡ or going to use his ዱላ Do you think the magnificent seven will say ኣንወጣም and break his ዱላ ?

    Enjoy the theme of The Magnificent Seven
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8XDB7GMnbUQ

    The CBC news link is here https://www.cbc.ca/listen/live-radio/1-10-cbc-news-world-report/clip/159143-cbc-news-world-report-october-2-2021-900

    • said

      Greetings, Brhan
      By now we all know , it is being widely reported and you have put the link ,in short the issue is very serous, it is life and death to millions of a need of food help. ,it is not about the status of UN employ and what have you. Aid agencies say they do not have the unfettered access needed. Addis Ababa have repeatedly denied.. Tigrayans have accused his government of blocking aid entering the region.
      As reported the government of Ethiopia has declared seven UN officials, including senior UN humanitarian officials, as persona non grata,” Guterres said. “In Ethiopia, the UN is delivering lifesaving aid – including food, medicine, water, and sanitation supplies — to people in desperate need.” The UN has said 5.2m people in Tigray need help.
      White House press secretary Jen Psaki told reporters on Thursday that the US “condemns” the ejection of UN personnel from Ethiopia. “We’re deeply concerned that this action continues a pattern by the Ethiopian government of obstructing the delivery of food, medicine and other lifesaving supplies,” she said, warning the US could impose sanctions. “We will not hesitate to use this or any other tool at our disposal to respond quickly and decisively to those who obstruct humanitarian assistance to the people of Ethiopia.”

  • Abi

    Hello Awatenation Residents and Visitors
    Enjoy this Legendary singer!
    እንቅልፌን ደርበህ ተኛልኝ እባክህ…
    https://youtu.be/bprvlyTIFfg
    ፍቅር የሆነች ዘፋኝ!!

  • Berhe Y

    Dear Beyan, Haile S., and all,

    I know you two always share wonderful videos and links that you think of great value. And I thought I should share this video below of ዕላል ምስ ኪኢላ ሰብ-ሰርሖ ብልሒ (Artificial Intelligence) ዶ/ር ትምኒት ገብሩ ብማእዘር አዳላዊይ ለይላ ኻልድ::

    The guest is incredible and host is wonderful and what a breath of fresh air.

    Part I
    https://youtu.be/r7lV1N623wA

    Part II
    https://youtu.be/ZBTkjxl4jS0

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Ustaz Berhe,

      Quite interesting stuff. I did not finish listening the parts. The field is subject of serious wide debate. But as Eritreans, one get feels proud of seeing these young ladies engaging in such matter. It is a pity and sad to endure the pain how much our young nation is losing under ignorant absolutism. Awaiting what the addressees will have to say on the issue, I would like to benefit from the sharp observation of one of them: viz. Haile S. He is out resident analytic of the form, content and interpretation of article or audio information. So, Haile, here is a question for you:

      What can you tell us the way the two ladies are dressed? I would love to hear your observation in the context of broader socio-cultural context of our society. Warning: I am not after some conviction-based insinuation, lest some hot-minded fellow hastily take me as some bigot.

      • Haile S.

        Selam Berhe and Ismail,

        Thank you for your humble consideration for me to say something about these wonderful and beautiful ladies. First, hopefully the road is safe from boulders and bullet throwers. ርእስና ነዂዑ😨
        Let me try to walk then🙄.

        I saw this videos months ago. The first thing that I tried to find was what ማእዘር meant. According to the tigrigna dictionary, it is derived from geez ማዕዘር meaning radiating rays. Then what a contrast in everything superficial and a complete concord in content about these exemplary ladies!
        Of course my thought couldn’t escape the presence of Estee Lauder, Revitalis, Zozu and what have you on Leila and their absence on Timnit!

        Timnit ኣዋይ ውንጭርና። ኣደይ እንተትርእያ ምስ ላጸየታ ኔራ😁! The entagled hair looks like an extension of her brain nerve dendrites à la Einstein! Her choise of window-curtain says something about her sophistication in thoughts. Leila strikes by her bright colors inside and out. She is a tigrigna dictionary with a tongue!

        These observations run through my mind like a lightening and I pass quickly to the content. The content and the speakers are so attractive that the nitpicker me was left idle even when there is a lot to graze on. Having said that I am not dropping my job.

        Here we got a conversation without ማለት’ዩ! እልልል!

        “ኩሉ ደባሊቕና ኢና ንዛረብ” was so funny. Timnit didn’t even realize what she said. She doesn’t dwell-on after saying what need to be said. መኘኽ ምባል የለን. The important is to pass the message by tigrignatizing the english or the amharic:
        ‘study’ to ‘ጽንዓት’
        ሓዋዊስና by ‘ደባሊቕና’.
        ‘I had enough’ by ኣኺሉኒ ኔሩ
        Etc

        If Berhe had said “ባን ይገብርዎ ኣለዉ”, since he is a good tigrigna speaker, I would have imagined he wanted to say ባና ይገብርዎ ኣለዉ, but coming from Timnit “Ban ይገብርዎ ኣለዉ” passes without a hitch. She places you in her language world so eadily and so fast. You are eager to know what she says, but not how she says it.

        Most importantly, the exemplary interview probably wouldn’t have been possible had the interviewr was not the charming Leila. With others & with ማለት’ዩ at every corner, we wouldn’t have understood anything ማለተይ’ዩ!

      • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

        Ismail AA
        You are asking to the wrong crowd here. Would you ask about a pancreatic cancer to a farmer? You are exactly doing that.

        • Ismail AA

          Selam MM,

          ብዘለካ ተወከፍ እዩ መሃንድስ. As you know, this forum does not host per se expert discourse on academic matters. We come here as enthusiatic amateurs to learn from one another though some among us do occasionally contribute views supported by their expert training on particular issue.
          So, the purpose of my question was not at all to seek expert opinion on “artificial intelligence”. It was a casual friendly quest to my good brother, Haile S, who has drawn my admiration for first scrutinizing title of a front articles or supporting pictures, photographs or sketches, which probably many of us rarely do.

    • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

      Berhe,
      Not sure if your realize it but Dr. Gebru’s view is 180 degree apart from your view. Not sure if you realize it but that’s what it is.

      • Berhe Y

        Hi MM,

        Not sure what you mean.

        • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

          Berhe,
          We [3 of us] have in common when it is related to technology but we depart when it comes to humanity [you are on the opposite side in this case my friend].

          • Berhe Y

            Hi MM,

            What ever you say boss.

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    What an embarrassment for the PMAA government to have declared “Persona non grata” to the UN staff that have no diplomatic status to start with:-) I mean don’t they run things through their legal offices before putting it on Dina Mufti’s desk? How could a PM who told us he can make it rain and win a war from his situation room, get it so embarrassingly wrong?

    Here is a short clip (<4min) to shed some light on the matter:-)

    https://youtu.be/KijAPJXjg8c

    • Abi

      ኃይልዬ
      ፀበል የሚወስድ ሁነኛ ወዳጅ ዘመድ ተሰወረብህሳ አንተው!! የሺዬን ተጋበዝልኝ
      https://youtu.be/msCWRRA0ZwM

      • haileTG

        Hey Abichu,

        Nice oldie..one interesting thing is you can always pick out the 80s outfit and hair do. Here in Wardi in Addis Ababa back in the days!

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aspecykIFwE

        • Abi

          ኃይልሽ
          That was when ወንድም ኑሜሪ አዲስን የጎበኙበት ወቅት …
          I was very young busy with mischievous dreams and activities.
          እመቤቴ የሚወዱትን ዘፈን በራሳቸው በኩል ታላቅነታቸው እንዲያደምጡ ልከዋል:: ያድምጡላቸው
          https://youtu.be/OFW2FxfTaP8

          መቼም እውነታውን ማንበብ አቁመሃል እስቲ ማድመጡን ተለማመድ….

    • Dongolo

      Selam haileTG. Embarrassment? UN staff that have been issued a United Nations Laissez-Passer are considered part of the diplomatic corps and are subject to being declared persona non grata. Eritrea was P&Ging UN staff back as far as 1992 (before referendum).

      • haileTG

        Selamat Dongolo,

        Not really. The member state can award diplomatic status but overall they have the functional immunity that only pertains to their work, by way of what they say or write. Generally speaking, a UN staff are to be treated as a legal person in the jurisdictions they are deployed. Meaning they are treated as a citizen in legal matters and court proceedings such as when they purchase property. The UNSC also said today that the seven were not diplomatic persons in legal terms.

        • Dongolo

          Selam haileTG. Wrong. UN staff that are assigned to a given country (not Consultants or those on mission status) and have been issued a UNLP (a diplomatic travel document) are indeed considered part of the diplomatic corps and are treated no differently than expat staff assigned to a given embassy. They have the same duty-free entitlements, immunities and etc. Their diplomatic status is only really an issue in non-UN member states but not always. On top of that, all UN specialized agencies operating in Ethiopia have effected country agreements with the GoE which ensure that their assigned staff are diplomatically covered pursuant to Article VII of the 1946 Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations. The first UN staff sent packing in Eritrea was Trevor Page followed by Karin Landgren.

          • Dongolo

            Selam haileTG. Also to add, that at least 3 decades have past since persona non grata was limited to unwanted diplomats.

          • haileTG

            Selam Dongolo,

            There may well be special case scenarios, but the matter being of concerning Ethiopia in regards to the 7 UN personnel, let’s look at what the UN said today:

            U.N. deputy spokesman Farhan Haq said a diplomatic note sent to Ethiopia’s U.N. Mission and conveyed to Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed during a phone call with U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Friday stated the U.N.’s “longstanding legal position” that the doctrine of declaring someone “persona non grata” — or unwelcome — does not apply to U.N. personnel.

            “The application of this doctrine to United Nations officials is contrary to obligations under the Charter of the United Nations and the privileges and immunities to be afforded to the United Nations and its officials,” he said.

            The doctrine of declaring someone persona non grata applies between one state and another state, Haq said. “We are not a state.”

            Do you not think Ethiopian government should have at least checked the legal terminology to use in order to communicate it? Or do you think the UN is wrong on their legal interpretation in this?

          • Dongolo

            Selam haileTG. It is double entendre and a total load of crapola, for it is well known that many countries, to include Ethiopia under the TPLF, have long been declaring UN staff persona non grata and not always in full consultation with the concerned specialized agency. To now single out Ethiopia under PMAA comes with little sincerity and is void of credibility.

          • haileTG

            Hi Dongolo,

            I guess in terms of credibility, the UN institution does know the law books than us who are not performing the task. In other words, there would be no need for them to state that fact if they didn’t check its legal factual availability. But, I understand how positions are taken in the political climate of our region.

            On a related issue, during the Eritrean armed struggle, the same UN humanitarian agencies did a lot of work to support Eritrean population under liberated areas. I assume you would have agreed and supported if Sudan had closed off access to them to Eritrean areas under ELF/EPLF? I am bringing this up to test the “sincerity and is void of credibility” assertion in your current position.

          • Dongolo

            Selam haileGT. The UN knows the law but simply does follow the Rule of Law, especially in terms of equal enforcement and it therefore lacks credibility. Several UN staff were declared P&G by the TPLF led Ethiopian Government without the matter hitting media airwaves. in regards to your assertion that UN humanitarian agencies supported Eritrean populations in liberated areas during the armed struggle, please let me know which agencies you are referring to? I know of NGOs that assisted via Sudan but not UN agencies. Only in late 1990 did the UN (WFP) broker the delivery of food in equal parity to both Ethiopian Government and TPLF held areas via Massawa.

          • haileTG

            Selam Dongolo,

            I thing the history of ERA and other relief consortium during the EPLF years is very well documented. They served as intermediary because the UN can only work through government channels. But this hasn’t limited many UN agencies from indirectly working with ERA. The EPLF was also repeatedly condemned for attacking and burning humanitarian convoys in the 1980s. Any how, I would like to leave you with an interesting story that shows the UN agencies not only worked with EPLF, they went to great lengths in terms of publications of important catalogue materials that kept the Eritrean plight on the spot light. The below is a unique one:

            “In the early 1980s, the Eritrean Public Health Program
            (EPHP), a civil branch of the EPLF, developed a small, low-cost field microscope. In 1984, production of the microscope began under license in London. At a cost of about one tenth of the existing commercially available microscopes, and with a light- eight fold-away design, it had potential for use throughout the developing world. The World Health Organization (WHO) sponsored a series of tests, which the microscope passed, whereupon distribution began in several countries such as Brazil, Nicaragua and Indonesia. However in 1986 the Ethiopian government began to object to the microscope, which bore the initials of the EPHP, claiming that it was no more than part of a
            propaganda campaign launched by the “secessionist elements engaged in the rabid dismemberment of Ethiopia.” WHO and UNICEF were obliged to withdraw their endorsement of the microscope. “

          • Dongolo

            Selam haileTG. i am not asking you about microscopes but the names of UN agencies that supported populations in liberated areas of Eritrea during the armed struggle. Please provide the name(s) of the UN agencies and areas assisted. UN agencies worked with ERA in Eritrea post liberation. EPLF condemned for attacking UN (WTOE) convoys? Yes, I was there and know that UN convoys at the time were being used to move arms, supplies and troops for the Derg. The TPLF had likewise attacked a convoy of World Vision trucks for the same reason.

          • haileTG

            Hey Dongolo,

            UNICEF, WHO, WFP EU humanitarian agencies, USAID and every other NGO you can think of have worked to support Eritreans in EPLF controlled areas. How? Through ERA, which was the main distribution channel. ERA didn’t donate its own food or medical supplies, it only provided a middle man service to deliver them. The scale of the humanitarian disaster in Tigray and Eritrea associated with the famine means that some small scale NGO can’t possibly provide the massive tonnage needed. I also have a report that 80,000 MT of food was directly distributed in the EPLF controlled area at the height of the famine by WFP with the direct agreement of all parties. In addition, a report says for that year “…ERA has meanwhile continued its own distributions in the areas of Eritrea controlled by the EPLF. This year [during the drought], about 90,000 tons of grain has been transported across the border from Sudan and donated to people affected by drought and war”. Many Eritreans who worked at that time and area are still with us and members of the wider opposition. Here is how why ERA did what it did:

            “The Ethiopian government remains resolutely opposed to the humanitarian activities of ERA: “any attempt to supply food aid across the border is contrary to the sovereignty of the country … and has absolutely no acceptance by the Ethiopian government. ERA food convoys are forced to move only at night for fear of aerial bombardment, a massive constraint on the efficiency of the relief operation.”

            So, you can tell us who was supporting such a massive humanitarian undertaking at the time through the intermediary of ERA. But it went far beyond food. The Microscope and other publications of books and the rest is available in any public library as a testimony to that. To list all areas assisted is to ask too much. The scale of assistance was varied and complex. Paulos Baatay can summarize those for us.

            Do you have alternative source of suppliers at the time that excluded the many UN and NGOs that were also UN linked?

          • Dongolo

            Selam haileTG. As related to cross border deliveries and and UN humanitarian support to liberated areas during the liberation struggle, you are grasping for straws and are wrong with what you are asserting. I have already told you that WFP (as an exception) had a special agreement (late 1990) for food deliveries ex-Massawa (not cross border). One has to recall that the EPLF only warmed relations with the U.S. and the the U.N. very late in the game (late 1980s). Before liberation, ERA maintained a large fleet of its own trucks which were used to cross-border transport large tonnages (with active support of NRC and others) of mostly bilaterally donated humanitarian assistance that did not involve U.N. channeled donations. After liberation, ERA’s transport fleet was brought fully into Eritrea to replace the UN WTOE fleet based at the old train station (Ferrovia) in Asmara which was made redundant. None of the UN’s regional consolidated appeals prior to 1991 included budget lines for U.N. cross border assistance to liberated areas of Eritrea.

          • haileTG

            Selam Dongolo,

            As I have provided actual quotes from publicly available documents and numbers and so forth, could you please share a source that shows ERA was sourcing its own supply from bilateral sources? That would be a huge revelations. The UN agencies don’t need warm relationship with concerned authorities to respond to emergencies, as you clearly note from current Ethiopian issues. Have you read the book by Mrs. Kinnock, the wife of ex British labor party leader? She was in liberated areas and chronicles the activities she witnessed in detail. The PFDJ leaders may not acknowledge the role of others but plenty of documents to witness the facts.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hailat-TG,

            I was assigned as representative of the Eritrean Red Cross and Crescent (ERCC) in Khartoum (1977) and in Port Sudan (1978-1981) with the ELF organization. First, the most majority of the humanitarian aid shipments were sent under one bill of lading to be consigned to ERA & ERCC at the port of entry. Second, from my experience the shipments were all from private NGOs such as ICRC and World Council of Church (WCC). I don’t think UN agencies (WHO, UNICEF, WFP) have involved in our armed struggle era.

            Regards

          • haileTG

            Merhaba Aman,

            Thanks for that clarification. The time frame I would like clarified is the 1984-85 Eritrea and Tigray famine. As I am only relying on documents that I am reading. But you may have been close to the area around that time. Did REST and ERA handled the population in their respective liberated areas through private NGOs alone? You may notice that the comparison made here is with current situation.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Merhaba Hailat-TG,

            I am sure there weren’t involvement of UN agencies until I was active or until 1985.I still don’t believe their involvement before the enemy is driven out of our land.

            By the way I know Paulos and Yonas very well from whom I have learned that stealing is “ውድባዊ ሓልዮት”። All that we consider national resources are organizational resources. ሙንግስትና ድኻ እዩ፤ ካብ ህግደፍ እንዳተለቀሔ እዩ ስርሑ ዘካይድ እኮ ተባሂልና ኢና። እቲ ኩሉ ዝግበር ንሃገራዊ ሓልዮት ዘይኮነስ ንውድባዊ ሓልዮት እዩ።

            Regards

          • Berhe Y

            Hi HaileTG,

            I don’t the exact relation ship but ERA was setup as charity organization in their respective countries such as UK, Canada. And they dealt directly in the counties they operated. In Canada, they worked with Oxfam, Menenites, and other NGOs.

            I believe Sweden, the UK, Canada, Australia were the largest operations.

          • haileTG

            Selam Berhe,

            Yes, it was a side issue. The main point was that the UN expulsion was illegal as per UN response, because their case was not under Persona non grata rules. Somehow we ended up with ERA. But Aman has clarified [I read somewhere that the ERA was a way for the West/UN agencies to funnel aid]. However, I read it is a long way from I was there as Aman has said and we rested at that. Otherwise, I have some book info on humanitarian activities in those days, not first hand knowledge, age didn’t permit.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Dongolo,

            EPLF condemned for attacking UN (WTOE) convoys? Yes, I was there and know that UN convoys at the time were beingi used to move arms, supplies and troops for the Derg.

            I don’t believe this story is totally true. I believe it’s a story the EPLF invented to get attention with the UN for what ever issue it has.

            1) I know a couple of people, civilian owners of the transportation tracks who got their tracks shot with close range missiles and burn. They were just transporting aid food and nothing to do with arms.
            2) they also did the same thing to the UN owned white / blue tracks.
            3) EPLF also at times didn’t care about civilians casualties. They use to fire missiles to disrupt Sept 2nd Abyot celebration where most of the missiles ended up in civilians homes and killed many innocent people.

          • haileTG

            Selam Berhe,

            Were you in Asmara when the rockets use to land daily? I remember the time was very tense in the city, people running in all directions. A family of four were all killed when they missed the Selasa Amstegna that used to get targeted for whatever reason. Of course, the derg was the same in return fire too.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Berhe/haileTG,
            So what? You guys missing the whole point. At that time, my best friend’s house in Sembel was partially destroyed but that was not the intent.
            Are you guys missing the overall objective?

          • Dongolo

            Selam Berhe Y. You might not believe it to be true but I know it to be true.The UN owned white & blue trucks that you mention are the same ones I am referring to when I say UN WTOE which stood for World Transport Operation Ethiopia and was under the World Food Programme. WTOE established a base in Asmara in early 1986. At that time, only the ICRC (office located near Seferian) and World Vision International (office located at Olivero Limo compound in Gedgeret Nishte) had large transport fleets which performed convoy movements through areas ‘affected’ by the EPLF or TPLF. UN trucks were white with blue markings, ICRC trucks were white with red markings and World Vision trucks were school bus yellow with black markings. Most transports routes that they covered, required prior security clearance from RRC/Government Security and the EPLF or TPLF as may be required. The particular UN convoy that was attacked by EPLF (they were all Magirus trucks with Calibrese trailers) was not only moving outside of its time slot approved by the EPLF for it was in fact loaded with military contraband and two non-UN vehicles. The convoy was not attacked in an open manner but rather drivers were told to exit their trucks before they were set ablaze. To note that neither the UN nor World Vision contracted private transporters which anyways, were in very short supply in Eritrea, as most private fleet numbers were commandeered by the Derg.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Dongolo,

            The Vienna Convention of 1961 on diplomatic relations under article -9, is a framework for diplomatic relationship between two independent countries. It does not include UN staffs. Pls don’t try to mislead the forumers. Whatever reservations you might have on the UN organization we should not let you to construe the application of article-9 on diplomatic missions and privileges.

          • Dongolo

            Selam Amanuel Hidrat. You are simply mixing apples with oranges and mixing one convention with another which are intended for different purposes.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Dengolo,

            Which are mixed? Can you identify the mixed ups?

  • woldu hadgu

    Dear Citizens and Visitors:

    The purpose of life is to Listen, to Learn and to Grow. We Grow as we learn; and we Learn as we Grow. The prerequisite to learning is to Listen. When we listen every part of our brain is acutely active to receive, to discern between Right and Wrong; to identify between Good and Evil and to decide where you stand. We are witnessing history in Real Time and if we cannot understand and identify what is Wrong from what is Right or what is Evil from Good, we are doomed.

    Following, I want to share with you words of WISDOM

    1. “Those who Sow Wind, will Reap Whirlwind”

    2. “The opposite of Love is not Hate. It is Indifference that is the opposite of Love.”

    3. Wisdom said:

    -” Whoever of you Loves Life and desires to See many Good Days;
    – Keep your Tongue from Evil and your Lips from Telling Lies;
    -Turn from Evil and Do Good;
    -Seek Peace and PURSUE it.”

    Good Shall Overcome Evil.

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    Happy Friday!

    43 years on, not much has changed. Brutal dictators are the most paranoid too. Humanitarian aid will help my adversary so let’s sacrifice the civilian population – is their demented argument. There are always those who mindlessly clap to that kind of immature posturing. Let’s go back to 1978 for an exhibit and watch this about 1min video.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1drUvIulvWA

    • Desbele

      Selam Haile,

      The very man guiding Mengistu to the podium at the beginning of the video is Bealu Girma, author of the famous book ‘Oromai’. Bealu is later killed by Mengistu. Butcherers dont spare anyone near and far .
      Dergue 2 is now resurrected with strengthened desire for blood and on mission to exterminate the people of Tigray.

      • haileTG

        Merhaba Desbele,

        You are right indeed. I got the idea to compare the situation with what happened 43 years ago when I read the following exact reasoning given today by the Ethiopian govt [except replace Somalia by TPLF]:

        “Ethiopia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs later on Friday accused the U.N. officials of diverting aid and communication equipment to the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), violating security arrangements, failing to demand the return of aid trucks deployed to Tigray, and spreading misinformation.”

        However, it is not easy to miss the stupidity of such decision because they are actually seeking replacement of the persons now! If the above allegations are true, how would a different personnel change it? Except the obvious attempt to coax the new UN personnel to cover up for the regime in fear of losing their jobs (like the UNDP lady in Asmara). Here is what the above news says further:

        “Ethiopia’s mission to the United Nations in New York told Reuters: “We urge the U.N. to expeditiously replace the expelled personnel to allow the continuation of our cooperation in providing humanitarian assistance.”

        The mission said Ethiopia would work with U.N. officials to “facilitate the early deployment of the new personnel”.

        You see there, their trumped up allegations are of organizational nature which would require removal of the whole agencies if true, yet all they ask is for Mr. A to be replaced by Mr. B and all will be fine! Meaning they are playing so low and no wonder the country is not going to see relief soon.

        • Brhan

          Merhaba haileTG
          Can we trust the Ethiopian gov’t for its news and info after it was made clear by many sources it has given false information since the start of the war in November 2020. This has to be investigated: Reality check!

        • Desbele

          Selam Haile,

          “… obvious attempt to coax the new UN personnel to cover up for the regime in fear of losing their jobs (like the UNDP lady in Asmara).” I believe so and Abiy learned this from the tyrant in Asmara. But,… inadvertently he did a good favor in exposing the sheer stupidity of his regime and confirming its malicious intent of impending humanitarian assistance. Abiy’s foolish move make a headline worldwide and even urged UNSC to meet. The urgent attention the famine tragedy require from IC has come fast forward because of this blunder.

      • Brhan

        Hello Desbele,
        I was wandering why the Derg ( Mengistu) allowed Bealu Girma who used to serve King Halie S to continue serving as a government official during its rule. Bealu abandoned the king and in its turn the Derg abandoned Bealu?

        • Berhe Y

          Hi Brhan,

          I don’t know what is the point you are trying to make.

          Bealu abandoned the king and in its turn the Derg abandoned Bealu?

          I don’t know what was his role during the HS but if I remember he was editor / journalist of the main news paper.

          Let me ask you this question? When the PFDJ is removed from power, what do you intend (wish) to do with all the public servants in Eritrean working under PFDJ?

          • Brhan

            Hello Berhe,
            I am talking about Bealu, the novelist.
            Belau criticized the Derg more than the King. I do not think he had problems before the Derg. Was he satisfied by the King’s rule? Can you shed a light on this?

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Brhan,

            May be I understood your comment wrong and what you were trying to say. I don’t know much about Bealu other than what’s commonly known and publicly available.

            I understood it to mean, that’s what he did (abandoned HS) and joined the Derg so that’s what he deserve.

            You seem to wonder why he worked fir the derg.

            You used the word “serve” which is not the same as someone “employed”, which is a big difference .

            So I asked you if those employed under PFDJ “serve” today what do you expect their future to be when PFDJ is gone, which is what I wanted to know based on your comments

          • Brhan

            Hello Berhe,
            “Those employed under PFDJ.”..are they novelists?

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Brhan,

            He was more than a novelist. Here is his Wikipedia pages.

            https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baalu_Girma

            Ok. Let’s leave it there.

        • Desbele

          Selam Brhan,

          Am not aware of his role during HS.

    • Kaddis

      Selam Haile TG-
      the UN deportation drama only confirms Getachew Reda’s recent statement ….’PP/Abiy is a government of breaking news’ …he said to expect more drama by Abi to give his Monday new government more normalcy… the government knows expelling diplomats only possible to state assigned diplomats …UN staffs are not diplomats ..they are expats

      in any case the status of the country can be summarised by Bahid dar city security taskforce statement on September 22

      4ኛ/ በከተማችን በመንግስት ከተፈቀደለት ተቋም ውጭ ምንም አይነት ወታደራዊ ስልጠና መሰልጠንና ማሰልጠን ፈፅሞ የተከለከለ ነው።

      Having a small army is possible as long as you can generate the money …its a broken country beyond repair …so Abibi is just a warlord based in Addis

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    ADDIS ABABA Sept 30 (Reuters) – Ethiopia is expelling seven senior United Nations officials, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said on Thursday, two days after a senior U.N. official said hundreds of thousands of people in the northern region of Tigray were likely experiencing famine.

    The seven, who include the head of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the head of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) have 72 hours to leave, the ministry said in a statement, accusing them of “meddling” in internal affairs.

    • Desbele

      Selam Haile,

      Cameron Hudson of the Atlantic council has a succinct view of the expulsions.
      “This is not a regime seeking to deescalate, avoid sanctions, or find a new path forward. This is an unflinching belief in the righteousness of the cause. Its Abiy vs the World.”

      I am wondering , what is Abiy’s cause? Eliminating an entire ethnic group?? It is baffling.

      • haileTG

        Merhaba Desbele,

        His cause is to stay in power, no matter the costs, possibly including the one you pointed out. The problem is something IA went through in making Africa’s gulag. As pictures and stories start to emerge from the affected regions of Ethiopia, the going will get tough and the tough will get going, eventually. The international community should also take responsibility for allowing humanitarian access to be blockaded and not forcing PMAA to respect the rules of engagement and refrain from such forms of war crimes. That can only be done through international intervention because the conflict is driven by regional, ethnically organized, forces. Each side thinks they have infinite resource to fight to the last bullet. But, behind all this is IA who must be dealt with if he refuses to get out of Ethiopian internal issues. As a main spoiler of the region, his removal would usher a dawn of sustained normalcy in our region. Removal of IA will have significantly and positively impacting result on the overall situation.

      • Semere Tesfai

        Selam Desbele

        1. – “Cameron Hudson of the Atlantic council has a succinct view of the expulsions. “This is not a regime seeking to deescalate, avoid sanctions, or find a new path forward. This is an unflinching belief in the righteousness of the cause. Its Abiy vs the World.”

        Who is the World? The West? Get a life! Your beloved Wayanes are not going to be saved by their masters. It is over. Get over it!!

        2. – “I am wondering , what is Abiy’s cause? Eliminating an entire ethnic group?? It is baffling.”

        Who said TPLF = the people of Tigray? If you’re sickened by the current predicament of Tigray – which we all should – blame it on the TPLF. TPLF brought it on themselves and on the people of Tigray. If you have any credibility, direct your anger and frustration where it belongs: towards the evil mercenary Juntas
        3. – Ethiopia did the right thing – which all peace and justice loving people should be proud of. Western governments have been treating Africa and Africans like their Southern Plantations. And Ethiopian government said NO more.

        4. – It is high time for White Westerners to stop meddling in African government’s internal affairs. It is high time to stop their political, economic, diplomatic, and cultural war on Africa and Africans. It is high time to respect African countries sovereignty and independence to decide what is good for their national interest.

        4. – The action Ethiopia took under the leadership of Dr. Abiy Ahmed is not only liberating but also unprecedented in the history of Black Africa. And soon, many African countries will follow suite – following Ethiopia’s lead. And that is very inspiring

        Semere Tesfai

        • Abi

          ሰላም ወንድም አማች
          ምናል ዝም ብለህ ታላላቆቹና ትናንሾቹ “እከክልኝ ልከክልህ” ሲባባሉ ወይም ጀርባቸውን ሲተካከኩ ( patting each other’s back) ብትመለከት?
          ላታስተምራቸው የጅል ይሁን የልጅ መሆኑ ያልታወቀ ጨዋታቸውን ባታቋርጣቸው መልካም ነው::

        • Desbele

          ሰላም ሰመረ
          ሰብ ናብ ሰቡ ፣ ዝብኢ ናብ ገረቡ እዩ ሎምዘበን። ምስ ኣቢ(Abi) ተረዳዳእ።

          • iSem

            Hi Desbele:
            You do not get it. It is because a prophet is born in awate these year, prophet Semere Tesfai.
            I will tell you his story.The story of prophet ST. Before he started telling the future, before God proclaimed him Nostra Damus of Eritrea two people tortured him and then he ended up loving one and hating the other. It is not the Stockholm syndrome (SS), because SS does not discriminate between torotures, the victim loves them all, but this new phenomenon is unique to ST.
            I will also foretell the future and say to you this: you and I are still young and we will live to see one day when TPLF/TDF/Tigray wins and makes alliance with IA to attack Abiy, ST will be in the forefront foretelling the future and look you in the eye and tell you that TPLF/TDF are on the right, he will not have shame. it is not about ሰብ ናብ ሰቡ, it is where ones bread is buttered. For ST and his likes, it is all about that cottage in Sembel Korea, that retirement plan, that child who was educated in the USA and successful but he is still a Negor, an immigrant but when he/she goes to Eritrea will be on the top of the cream ruling those young ppl like you who defended Eritrea.
            I admit that this is ad hominem, but there is no other way, no classy way, no subtle way to tell the truth. Truth is crude
            What happened to ST also happened to Saleh Gadi and Ema Hidrat and Ismail AA but they are among the anomaly,who stand against the tyranny and also against TPLF’s blunders. Sad to say that a lot of ELF fighter now found a niche to court PFDJ.

        • haileTG

          Selamat Semere T,

          You’ve become once in a blue moon guy that we thought you retired from politics. Good to have you back.

          1 – The UN is the world and you are the one who is thinking that the actions against the UN that was taken by the Ethiopian regime is an action against the West. So, the question really applies to you not Desbele.

          2 – TPLF = To Tigray people in your [and the three axis of genocidal war] calculations, not Desbele. You see, when wars were conducted against a group, basic things are ensured if you make the distinction between the people and the group. These include things such as allowing the red cross and other medical teams to reach the population, allowing humanitarian corridors, allowing access to civilian population to exit conflict area, allowing civilian services as much as possible. You are cheering the PMAA actions against all of the above, meaning you believe TPLF = The Tigray people and therefore they should be eliminated. According to the NYT today, 79% of pregnant and lactating women tested in Tigray have been diagnosed with acute malnutrition, and only 11% of the needed humanitarian food aid was delivered since July. So, who is equating the people with the organization TPLF and targeting them?

          3 – The actions of PMAA was not about Africans or how they were treated. It is about killing, starving and destroying Africans to hold on to power. Stop insulting Africans as if they are still enduring slavery. Many Africans are making reasonable progress in democratization unlike PMAA who is fighting to go back to the dark ages.

          4 – It is high time for PMAA to do what the AU is asking him to do. To stop balkanizing Ethiopia and accept his defeat and sit and discuss a solution with the TPLF. Listen to the advice given by the Kenyan rep at the UNSC last month.

          4 – [I don’t know why you’re stuck at #4] The action Ethiopia took is not only precedented but also we have a gulag to the north who ended up creating a horse cart transport system for his people in the age of AI and Bitcoins.

          Anyhow, blockading civilians is turning out to be a farcical spectacle, I think Africans deserve better than that.

    • Brhan

      Thanks haileTG,

      Today, is Orange Day and the north of border are in our day off

      But let me add to the Reuters reporting this:

      Al Jazeera’s diplomatic correspondent James Bays, reporting from the UN headquarters in New York, said the Ethiopian government’s move had caused “very deep concern” at the UN.

      He noted that the UN chief has pursued “a very quiet, patient diplomacy … not saying too much, at least initially in public, not condemning it too much, because he thought he could nudge [Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed] in the right direction.”

      “[But] that strategy has clearly not worked,” Bays said
      Aljazeera English 30 September 2021.

      • haileTG

        Hey Brhan,

        Happy/reflective orange day!

        Here is a presser from the WH reported by JP….

        “The US government condemns in the strongest possible terms the government of Ethiopia’s unprecedented action to expel the leadership of all of the United Nations organizations involved in ongoing humanitarian operations,” Psaki told reporters at a regular news briefing. “This is a stain on our collective conscience, and it must stop.”

        Psaki called on the UN Security Council and other countries to take urgent action to make clear to the Ethiopian government that impeding humanitarian operations is unacceptable…..

        She said President Joe Biden’s administration is preparing to take “aggressive action” under an executive order issued earlier this month that allows Washington to impose sanctions on parties to the conflict if they obstruct humanitarian access, commit serious human rights abuse or prolong the conflict…..

        “We must see meaningful steps within weeks to initiate discussions to achieve a negotiated ceasefire, allow unhindered humanitarian access and ensure respect for human rights. Absent significant progress, we’ll take action – and we have the methods to do that,” Psaki said.

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    Yosief G/Hiwot (YG) has been giving interviews to Ethiopian Reyot and TMH media about the war in Tigray recently. Be it as it may about YG views on Eritrea, but his recent interview argues interesting geo-political alignments in the regional and global stage of HoA politics that revolves around the Western Tigray or what is known as the Kefta Humera wereda of Tigray kilil. He argues that the Humera region holds the key to all participants. It influences decisions in Mekelle, Bahir Dar, Addis, Asmara, Khartoum, Cairo, Washington, New York and Brussels. He argues that each of the parties are influenced in the following way:

    Mekelle: Tigray government can’t break the siege without gaining access to western Tigray. But, the opening of western Tigray will also strengthen the voices of separatism in Tigray.

    Bahir Dar: The sole reason and main cause for the Amhara forces to shoulder the burnt of this conflict directly and indirectly, and suffer all the ramifications of the destruction that the war will cause in Amhara politically, economically and socially is their desire to hold on to the western Tigray region. If that is lost, the Amhara will not be willing to pay disproportionate costs towards the war.

    Addis: With western Tigray gone and the Amhara unwilling to sacrifice in great extent, PMAA will have to find a way to continue the war or make peace.

    Asmara: Once the Amhara exit the war theater, the link between PMAA and IA is cut. IA will be isolated and become the next target by all sides.

    Khartoum and Cairo: with TDF establishing links with the outside world, Sudan and Egypt have a strong hand to influence Ethiopia on the GERED negotiations.

    Washington: With the western Tigray in TDF hands and Tigrayan separatist voices strengthened, the US strategy of maintaining Ethiopian unity will be tested greatly.

    New York: The UN aid organizations will have a major access route into Tigray to assess the situation and conduct all the investigations needed.

    Brussels: The EU would have to worry about the 2 million IDP Tigrayans, many of whom will find access to cross international borders to Sudan and causing Syria style mass influx of refugees.

    This is an interesting view of the potential scenario, have your say. It would be appreciated to focus your responses sharply on the topic being analyzed:-)

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Haile TG,

      Thank you for presenting what YG had to say about the civil war, protagonists and actors who seek to benefit from the ordeals of other peoples in pursuit of geopolitical interests. Some like myself have reduced interest in following what he says and writes due to his tilting toward partisan political tendencies that modify his seemingly philosophical approach to matters. From what you have presented in points, one sees YG as a political analyst rather than philosophical critic.

      Anyway, in my view, one can understand what he has suggested in the framework of a chessboard game. If one would put all the actors he pinpointed, on a chessboard, there should, by necessity, be defining who the king, the lesser value pieces and the pawns are. When account would be taken of everything, it is, in my opinion, the USA that can, will, play the role of the king. It is the power that can interact with bigger interest players like the Chinese and the Russians whose capitals are not mentioned in the scenario list of YG.

      So, the key is how the USA sees post civil war Ethiopia in its regional and continental strategic interest within the balances of bigger interest quarters such China and Russia. These may be considered the lesser value pieces like bishops and castles in accordance of size and depth of involvement. Within such considerations, then, the role and interest of the EU, Egypt, Sudan, other allies in the Middle Eastern region may be distributed and deployed within the policy the chessboard king, the USA may define. There won’t be will-go-it-alone business outside what the USA may want to handle the situation.

      Thus, once the USA vetted policy would be set, then, on the ground conditions pertaining to the political positions and military goals of the direct protagonists – EDF, Federal Government, Amhara militias, and IA – would be informed or guided how the USA policy execution mechanisms may be set to play out. As we already know, the departure point for the USA is ending the shooting part of the conflict and easing the horrible humanitarian plight of ordinary citizens as prelude to a negotiated settlement that suits the needs and interests of all on the chessboard as over seen by the king.

      To reach there, the behaviour and conduct of the protagonists may be closely pursued. Up to this point in time, the USA is still in appeals and diplomatic talks stage. The Federal Government seems to be hoping matters would not be stepped up to other levels, and bidding for time to change the military equation. But, the USA may not see value in this because any shift of the military fortune would embolden the Amhara, IA and Federal to complicate the political situation further, and cause the prolongation of the civil war which will further worsen the humanitarian conditions as well as negatively affecting the future unity of the country itself, which every one would want to avoid.

      At the present, the TPLF has been able to understand the direction of the USA and allies oder of thinking. In contrast to this, the Federal Government and its allies are observably far from, and even antagonistic to, how the situation is seen by the USA. If this will continue, the involvement of the US will have to be upgraded. If that point will be reached, the role of two of pawns on the chessboard- Egypt and Sudan – will be crucial (Cairo and Khartoum in YG’s list). Since the post Afghanistan (and soon Iraq) mood in the US will not allow direct military action, the choice may be empowering the TDF to become serious leverage on the Federal Government and its allies.

      This will not happen without sustainable access to logistics that will support both military and humanitarian needs simultaneously, which only Sudan can provide. Here, Cairo and Khartoum will be in position to maximise their priority interests. If this dynamic will be chosen be opted, the outcome would be that the military effort would be reinforced before the political equations will be considered, which will affect the demands and claims of the protagonists. The chance that Western Tigray would be the decisive element will be reduced in value to the advantage of Tigray due to the military gains updated USA involvement policy would result to through the opening of access to logistics routes to Sudan, which can enable Tigray to restore the pre-war constitutional regional border militarily. This possibility, would be a disaster to Dr. Abij and his government because the Amhara side would lose the incentive to uphold the current alignment. Moreover, the worst casualty will be IA and his regime. His margins for maneuvering would be totally erased, which would a blessing to Eritrea and it’s people.

      • haileTG

        Merhaba Ismail,

        Thank you for this excellent perspective. Your take on this includes a hierarchy of interests and the latter’s changing nature in response to unfolding realities. YG’s analysis lacked on that regard and seemed to assume that each party is equally weighed in the equation in terms of influence and intra-relationships. Although YG does come up with great analysis stand points, I doubt if he sees it as an analysis, rather as he does seem to take his analysis as commonly accepted facts. For example, I have omitted another part of his take where he stated there was “division of labor” on how to attack Tigray by the trio- [Amhara forces, EDF, ENDF]. Now, even if his argumentation seem coherent, it is not supported by evidences. By evidences, I am strictly speaking about an actual supporting data/events. Such as documents captured in battle field, communications intercepted, openly declared statements and so forth. We need such bases to go off beyond the opinion and analysis threshold. A fantastic analysis should be acknowledged as an analysis. I think YG loses me on that part because after listening, I am often waiting for the list of supporting evidences when statements are presented as likely facts. Sadly, such an approach has been largely abandoned in our political discourse in favor of making wild claims, thanks to PFDJ’s rotten culture of civil discourse.

        So, thanks again for widening the perspective from those two angles as I mentioned at the outset. I tend to read everything including the most boring and nauseating Shabait articles and what have you. But I understand how that can feel frustrating when the partisanship becomes a irritating noise in the background of the substance:-)

    • Mez

      Greetings Haile TG,

      from what I see and read, YG is becoming (if not already) one of the key protagonist of tplf’s wills and lists-to-do.

      Thanks

      • haileTG

        Selam Mez,

        If I understand you correctly, you mean on TPLF’s side [?]. In reality, YG is not TPLF fan, actually his diagnosis and prescriptions are Agazian type reconfiguration of the current Eritrea and Ethiopia regions. Sorry if you didn’t mean what I assumed.

        • Mez

          Hi Haile TG,
          You got it correct. All things considered, YG & tplf have much more in common than otherwise.

          Thanks

  • sara

    selamat awtisats…
    this days all eyes are towards Sudan, my peers tell me it was similar situation in Ethiopia post year 2000, the west were flocking with their money,aid,grant,loan etc. khartoum is now the destination where every jhon and hary want to visit… and people
    are wondering what is this sudden change and what is the catch? what do they want…
    why. like questions are discussed by the average person.

  • woldu hadgu

    DEAR GENOCIDE DENYERS: LEST WE FORGET

    Those who visit Awate website, unless they have a peculiar interest, visit to get illumination or give illumination. So for these individuals, including me have matured beyond our mental capacities due to the above assertion. My gratitude to Awate website cannot be described in few words.
    LEST WE FORGET:
    The atrocities committed against the people Tigray by Ethiopian soldiers and militia men is not one of a kind. The same thing happened in Eritrea during the gedli ERA. SGJ our illuminator, on many occasions taught us lest we forget. The genocide in ONA; the hangings of tegadelti in Keren market; the denials of burial to dead bodies ; the bombings of Mosques and Churches and Villages; the use of Napalm in burning people; the collaboration of Eritrean commandos (komandis) and many more. The participation of Eritrean commandos is of special interest.
    LEST WE FORGET:
    The current genocidal attack on the people of Tigray started with EVIL intentions and was executed accordingly. The sources of this This EVIL intention are the state of Ethiopia led by PMAA and Amhara fascists; and by the state of Eritrea led by IA and PFDJ fascists. The following are the FACTS.
    There were four EVIL elements in the execution of the genocide and they are: DARKNESS, PLAGUE, SWORD, and FAMINE.

    1. DARKNESS: electricity and internet were cut off so that every evil act shall be hidden if possible: FOR EVER!
    2. PLAGUE: the genocide started in the middle of COVID pandemic when the whole world was under lock down. The two evil states provided almost half of a million invading army if POSSIBLE to infect the people of Tigray and wipe them out with the PLAGUE.
    3. SWORD: no description required. Refer to the gruesome videos of wanton killings; burning of dead bodies and above all indiscriminate RAPING, that included OLD WOMEN and the TOTAL destruction of health facilities; intellectual centers and production centers. Also do not forget the destruction and DESECRATION of MOSQUES and CHURCHES .
    4. FAMINE: no description required. Refer to all the reports that are coming from inside and outside the world. But best see the STARVING CHILDREN and MOTHERS.

    To deny this genocide is to live in CONTRADICTION and there is no worse life lived in CONTRADICTION.

    • iSem

      Hi WH:
      I agree with you and some more
      Your comment would have been complete if you have mentioned PFDJ’s genocide against Eritreans, that is not different than what Ethiopia did and is doing now
      1. PFDJ’s massacre shooting in Adi Abeyto about 200 of them
      2. PFDJ massacre of Muslim Kernites and burying them on mass graves
      3. PFDJ/EPLF massacre and disappearance of G-15 and thousands of innocent Eritrea’s
      4. PFDJ massacre of war disabled in mai haber in1004
      5. Shoot to kill order, ege they shot a group of high school students who were crossing the border to Ethiopia, survivors who played dead are in UK now and Assenna has reported on it
      So supporters of PFDJ are supporting these crimes in the name of land and fear of fictional threat from Tigray.
      all Calculated and premeditated to exerimate Eritreans
      Sanitizing PFDJ crimes is equally criminal!

    • Mez

      Hi Woldu H, what was/ is the role of tplf–you think–in the above state of affairs.

      Thanks

  • iSem

    Hi all:
    Check the mouth piece of repression: shabait.com. They are posting articles about the founding anniversary of China, and the author certain Chinese said, “China and Eritrea were, are and will be friends for ever. For ever
    Also the mouth of repression posted an article about tourism, saying this “Eritrea is a land as old as time itself and yet is as young as tomorrow.” Wrap your head around that, Eritrea was created when time was created, yea, they will soon say,” In the beginning there was Eritrea and Eritrea was with God, and Eritrea was God.

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    The US Embassy Asmara makes an interesting highlight today from the Harvard study they shared yesterday. In that it points out the fact that many pro-Ethiopia government social media accounts are operated by PFDJ linked Eritrean groups. Then the same information is amplified by the Eritrean Ministry of Information.

    It is good that the US embassy is doing its diligence to understand the mischief of the PFDJ regime in fanning the conflict in the HoA region.

    • Brhan

      Merhaba haileTG
      Another source of reality check. Kudos to the US embassy in Asmara!

    • Berhe Y

      Selam HaileTG,

      I will have search the study and read for myself, but blaming Eritrea government, Eritrean military and Eritreans in the US for all the wrong that’s going in Ethiopia, I think it’s way exaggerating to achieve “an intended target”. I think it’s a prelude what the US is planning to take action on.

      While the US embassy speaking out against injustice us commendable, but it’s way, way out of his diplomatic responsibilities.

      If anything he should be speaking about the injustice against Eritreans and leave the US ambassador in Ethiopia to focus on issue related to Ethiopia.

      While on the subject, what the US embassy in Israel record speaking against the bombing of Palestinians (including civilians) by the Israel army, the bombing and destruction of Yemen by SA and UAE.

      BTW, you are among the only few people who continually label “genocide” and “ethnic cleansing” among the active TPLF advocates. I have not even read official TPLF communique to such degree except the digital weyane (understandably so) to bring to the international community.

      Are you following the discussion and division among Tigray people with TPLF lately?

      Sorry can’t help it after weeks and days of silence:)

      • haileTG

        Merhaba Berhe,

        Most of your differences with the Justice Seeker Embassy in Asmara is understandable and perfectly within rights (just as I endorse it wholeheartedly:-).

        Question: you wrote

        “BTW, you are among the only few people who continually label “genocide” and “ethnic cleansing” among the active TPLF advocates. I have not even read official TPLF communique to such degree except the digital weyane (understandably so) to bring to the international community.”

        This is why I discourage forced silence. Speaking freely even when you disagree is healthy. It keeps the mind fresh by ejecting bottled up feelings.

        The main stated goal is to defend against genocide even by the speech of Dr. Debretsion. The USA is doing legal review to investigate if genocide can be used. Blinken and US government have stated that ethnic cleansing is happening in Ethiopia, especially in western Tigray. How did you miss all of that? What does Tsintet mean when TDF leaders use it?

        Well, I think your opinion there is only a protest opinion to throw some stones back at me for my reports.

        • Berhe Y

          Hi HaileTG,

          Thanks and I will share videos I saw on FB on the weekend.

          I do not know and I do not why, the blockage of aid from reaching to Tigray is not addressed as an emergency measures.

          As to “ethnic cleansing”, I don’t agree there was “premeditated intent” as you are trying to make out, at least until all investigations are completed.

          As I said the US and their outrage is selective, to what ever they choose to outrage to or to be silent.

          For example in case of Palestine, most human rights organizations accuse them to be “complicit” in Israel war crimes and crimes against humanity.

          • haileTG

            Selam Berhe,

            It seems at times that I am trying to sell you a second hand car:) The questions tend to be hesitancy rather than clear cut.

            On the sincerity of the US, it really doesn’t apply here. Suppose your house is on fire, if someone comes running to help with water, the last thing you’d ask them is about their sincerity. If what the US is doing is undermining the continuation of the war, then the need is met. All other historical discrepancies can be left for another day and occasion.

            On the genocide argument, it is not opinion based dilemma, rather a legalistic conclusion after all facts are considered. It is not my proposal, it is a legal litigation brought up by the Tigray government against the Ethiopian, Eritrean and Amhara forces conduct. Also, blocking humanitarian aid while the world is blaring out an alarm on conditions in Tigray is case in point on the callous disregard of human life. It does point to something as genocidal as indiscriminate targeting of civilians.

            At any rate, it is an aborted mission now that the world is engaged. What was their intention is not a clear cut question to ascertain the nature of the war and what has transpired in the process. What happened and what are the consequences are the pertinent questions in those regard.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi HaileTG,

            I have mentioned before any legal actions taken by TPLF or any entity is the right decision and if it merits, taking force is also correct. I am not going to say that the Tigray people or their representatives do not have the right to defend themselves and that if their region and their people.

            What I am disagreeing with you is the use of the word and I felt it’s overused to drive home a message. For example, we had (their are in different country now) very good couple friends. The husband is from Amhara and the wife is from Tigray, both were from. Addis. During our political discussion, the husband was supporting Abiy and the wife didn’t and she supported (TPLF). But it was just normal disagreements and see things differently, last time we saw them was before the election in Tigray and what that might in tail. They have kids and very nice family. I am sure there are many thousands of families in similar situations.

            When we use words such as Amhara trying to “ethnic cleanse” the Tigray people and activists such as Alula Solomon advocating to “divorce” their partners and now the “ዲያቆን” doing the same things, they are dividing families, destroying marriages and confusing children.

            All I am saying is we need to be careful from fanning out hate among the people who have nothing to do with those decision makers. Regardless of what happens, the people are bound together and narrow down the “accusations” and the “allegations” towards those in power and hold them accountable.

            In any case let me end on a lighter note, that I heard from one guy from from Tigray.

            መዓስ ኢና ካልአይ ግዜ ንራኸብ ኢለ ክሓቶ ከለኹስ እንታይ ኢሉ ይምልሰለይ መሲሉካ.

            አብ ዝጥዕመኒ ሰዓትን አብ ዝጥዕመኒ ቦታን ክንራኸብ ኢና:: In the great words of Ghebre Ghebetsadiq.

            So until አብ ዝጥዕመኒ ቦትን ሰዓትን

          • haileTG

            Merhaba Berhe,

            You raised an ethical question.

            Let me go back to my burning building analogy. A house is on fire, kids and mother are trapped in the dead of night. Do you scream and make noise for help or shush and hush to ensure neighbor’s sleep is not disturbed?

            Yes, those people in your example do suffer, undeservedly so. But, what about the children and family under blockade? Denied of food, health, safety and the warmth of family? Do they not matter? If you agree atrocities happened, if you agree blockade is in place, if you agree incendiary vitriolic is abound then why not speak up against it? Why not call a spade, a spade? Isn’t indiscriminate targeting of civilians an act of genocide in principle – may be not comparable in scope to others?

            In Eritrea, we have gone through such argumentation of ignoring or letting go the regime’s brutality for the sake of border, sovereignty, unity, red sea…and the rest. Where did it get us to? A bully is a coward, they want to psych up the people with the imaginary monster to get off with their acts. Trouble with that is they would never stop bullying until the victim calls their bluff and stands up for themselves. Every time Eritreans were manipulated psychologically to accept S@#%T from the useless regime #1 of the world, their conditions went from bad to worse to horrific to downright embarrassing. Hence, the regime went over the top and started to get Eritreans killed in wars that are not of their concern. All along, believing that the people can be easily psyched up to take one more. But, this time it has bite more than it can chew. The world is in agreement that its forces were responsible for the “worst” of the atrocities. The regime has to be held fully accountable for an attempted genocide of the people of Tigray and for the wanton destruction and loss of lives it has caused and continued to cause. The Eritrean people emphatically reject and denounce the blockade of the people of Tigray from getting humanitarian aid. Eritreans also reject the language of war to subdue the the will of the Ethiopian people by means of arms and dubious calls to the people to eliminate one another. It is a pressing issue that needs an urgent response by those in a position to do so, be it US or its partners.

            So, I do feel for all who are suffering, including those in your example, however, it would not be ethical to sacrifice innocent people’s right to safety in order to keep the peace. I hope you see the key distinction here.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi HaileTG,

            I don’t think you understood what I was trying to say. I never said any innocent civilians lives does not matter or some lives is more important than others. I am saying, be very careful in the language and allegation that you make. In the examine I gave you, I do not believe the Amhara guy is supporting Abiy government to commit ethnic cleansing towards the family of his wife. That’s one example but there are thousands in the same situation. It is simply is not true, as it’s impossible to wipe out any population let alone a population who are more armed and more capable of military power than you. I am saying, you should your allegations towards those people in power and stop from fanning hate between the people who they will live together.

            If you are blaming me for not speaking against the Ethiopian government blockade of food from reaching Tigray, you are correct. I may not have done it to the extent that is needed and required but I oppose it, if that’s is indeed what’s happened or happening. I am not up to speed with all the news and I don’t know which side is telling the truth, I read multiple mixed reports.

            Few weeks ago, out of the concern for the well being of the starving people, I have suggested that Aid should reach to Tigray from Eritrean ports as well, indicating how it can be faster and also cost less. But some people ridiculed me for that, as if I don’t know how to read distance.

            But instead (you may have been as well) supported the war towards Afar region, including cutting off and “choking” Ethiopia is brilliant idea. I saw a danger in that, no matter how much military capable TDF is, it is risking on creating the rest of the country to stand with the government and reinforce / justify its reason.

            The great Saay had advised, TPLF should accept the “ceasefire” and have moral and military high ground. All to deaf ears but instead it was venturing to Amhara and Afar lands and continue the war.

            Just one last time, at no point have I indicated the regime of IA is innocent and should be soared from accountability. So I am sure why you are making sound as if I was supporting the regime. I support fully to go after the regime with what is possible.

          • haileTG

            Selam Berhe,

            Did you actually read me saying the Eritrean people did or are doing this to the people of Tigray? I am looking at “I am saying, you should your allegations towards those people in power and stop from fanning hate between the people who they will live together.” And really lost for words! Have I not said “The Eritrean people emphatically reject and denounce the blockade of the people of Tigray from getting humanitarian aid.”?

            Berhe, it is not my stated argument to have ever supported blockading Ethiopia either. And, my consistent call is for peaceful resolution. Equally, I would be at the forefront supporting any move to ensure IA/PFDJ is made to fully pay for this blunder. For me, there is no grey line between the regime and the people. The people are fully innocent except the supporters.

            I believe you are fully aware that Eritrean troops are in western Tigray helping the blockade of the Tigray region. I don’t think or want to make it sound that you are supporting IA/PFDJ. But the issue of blockade is there and has been there all along. It needs no investigation. Do you not believe this poses a moral question for the long term relationship of both people?

            What aspect of the language is causing you concern? The fact that the US embassy has shared a study that cuts the chase in understanding the background of the misinformation? The Eritrean regime and the NNNN are the worst offenders in sowing hate and division among the two people and among Eritreans themselves. They are continually fanning hate propaganda to hide their crimes against innocent people in Tigray and Eritrea. What benefit would I have fanning hate? Nothing to hide and nothing to gain from it. But, it is prudent to furnish facts when making those claims.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi HaileTG,

            If I mischaracterize your comments and opinions, then I am sorry. In many occasions you said this war is about “ethnic war” and all I am saying is I don’t believe so. I am referring to the conflict between Ethiopians alone. It’s taking shape now to ethnic conflict and both warring parties are fuelling it.

            As to the western Tigray blockage, I do see it as a “war strategy” rather than a “moral issue” which is deliberate to cause “suffering” to the Tigray people. TPLF said, they will go to Addis and go to Asmara to unseat those government and the only way they can do so is if they have access to the external world for supply where the western Tigray via Sudan is to be used.

            I said to you already, IA and Abiy are not going to wait and hand over themselves while the TPLF is coming with a vengeance, supported by whom ever wants to see them back to power. I don’t know why this is not obvious to you.

            Let’s say if TPLF had succeed in cutting of Ethiopia/Djibouti line as they attempted to do, would you say it’s an “ethnic war” to “starve Ethiopians” or it’s a military strategy that would allow the TPLF to gain upper hand.

            Like I said, there is no reason why aid should not reach Tigray from the South Amhara, Afar from East and Eritrea from North and West from Sudan.

            As I said, any peace deal that doesn’t include the three warring parties is doomed to fail and I don’t think it’s going to work. As I said Abiy and IA survival is dependent on defeating TPLF, and TPLF survival is dependent on defeating Abiy and IA. Abiy and IA faith is tied together and the minute they are broke that, they both will lose.

            That’s why I think, at least in the short term, they all should come together and bring the suffering of the people to stop and figure out what’s they TPLF want to do.

          • haileTG

            Hi Berhe,

            My response got held up in Pending…may be disques didn’t like something:)

          • Berhe Y

            Selam HaileTG,

            I will read it later. I just finished reading an article titled

            U.S. faces stiff tests to its strategy in eastern Africa
            by Barry Moody | 28 Sep 2021, where they quote Martin Plaut, which is what I was trying to say.

            Martin Plaut, a Senior Research fellow at King’s College London, said Abiy may have been encouraged to attack the Tigrayans, despite their formidable military reputation, by backing from Eritrean leader Isaias Afwerki. But humiliating Tigrayan victories over Eritrean forces could dangerously weaken Isaias’s 30-year iron rule, Plaut told News Decoder.
            Because of what is at stake, both sides are reluctant to negotiate, said Plaut. “Whether the Tigrayans win is on a knife edge,” he said. “The future of both Abiy and Isaias is on the line. Everybody has everything to lose.”
            The Tigrayans have made the other removal of Abiy an implicit condition for negotiations.

      • woldu hadgu

        Dear Berhe:

        You don’t know the silent majority of Eritreans who know that savageries, barbarities, cruelties without limit and without precedence were poured over the people of Tigray by PMAA, IA, EMF, ENDF, Fano extremists and Amhara militias. Do not isolate this belief to only few people. Many Eritreans are silently suffering from Shame and Guilt by association. Are you a denier? If yes, it is your prerogative. You can deny it until the end of times. But your belief will not subtract an iota from the fact.

        Dear Berhe: listen to the silent tears, horrors, lamentations, anxiety, fear, confusion of the Eritrean mothers who DO NOT KNOW the whereabout or condition of their beloved military son or daughters. You are one of them for you worried about your brother or relative.

        But one thing is a fact: many of them have died with no one to cry for them; no one to bury them; no one to care for them. You will hear the news SOON.

        The worst life is life of contradiction.

        • Berhe Y

          Dear Woldu,

          I expected this outrage will befallen on me:(.

          I will share with you on the weekend a zoom call if Tigray people and their activists and who their own family and friends are victims of the war.

          I am not denying atrocities or war crimes or crimes agaist of humanity has taken place.

          But I do not agree :

          1) US and Eritrean activists fail to blame the Ethiopian government as the first and foremost responsible for crimes held in it’s own country and to its own people.
          2) “Genocide” and “Ethnic cleansing” involves a premeditated and heinous and calculated intention to cause harm. I don’t believe that was the case by EDF, ENDF and anyone else who was involved in this war. Simply put, if TPLF would not have attached the North Command, this war would never have happened in the first place, thus there is “meditated intent” at least we will never know. And when accuse someone of the highest crime, it should be base on facts and evidence and not based on fiction.

          3) Eritreans like yourselves by “exaggerating” the crimes committed in Tigray, you are creating animosity and ever lasting conflict of “no return”. I do not see the Tigray people and the victims taking this extreme measures as you are doing.

          So do I believe you and your likes or the people of Tigray instead?

          • sara

            selam ato berhe,
            the west hell bent to create another Darfur in Ethiopia the only way to do that is to bring those type of accusation to the for that will justify their usual intervention… they don’t care what will be the implication of such gross accusations to the cohesion of people of the region.
            may peace reign our region.

    • woldu hadgu

      Dear Brother haile TG:

      I want to take this opportunity to thank you for consistently without getting tired, distracted or frustrated are exposing evil with civility, knowledge, wisdom, love and Truth. That is the least we should DO to the people of Tigray in their dark moment of history. It is also the least we should do to illuminate, renovate and persevere our broken hearted and crushed spirit Eritrean people. You are our beacon of hope. I know and understand why your clear as a morning stream water arguments are not broadly accepted or understood as facts by the diaspora PFDJ and “state of Eritrea” or “people of Eritrea” friends.

      To illustrate this I will quote Tolstoy who himself said he quoted it from others: ” it is easy to explain COMPLEX issues to Hard-To-Understand person that to explain SIMPLE thigs to Clever person who already made up his mind”

      God Bless You Dear Friend

    • iSem

      Hi Haile TG:
      Of course the PFDJ supporters, Eritrean government and the Eritrean military brass are shameless. Think about it, these are guys who invited the Gunbot groups on May 24, a day they say is independence of Eritrea. And these guys are anti Eritrean sovereignty. And now they are hoisting Ethiopian and Amhara flag to eradicate Tigray for the only purpose of quenching IA desire and not for the benefit of Eritrean future
      And those softw supporters of PFDJ have not explained how attacking Tigray is beneficial to Eritrea, if they did attempt to explain that it is incoherent.
      Their fear of fictitious Tigray invasion of Eritrea, taking Assab or the lunacy is just that,luncy.
      PFDJ and their supporters are always in the wrong side of history and they will take the entire nation to the wrong of side of history. Eritrean solidarity with Tigray now has nothing to do with TPLF, it has all to do with Eritrea.
      Now the dreams of squashing Tigray has almost evaporated but the threat is still there and if Eritrea is attacked by the TDF, the responsibility is PFDJ and their supporters
      Eritrean youth are been killed in Amhara region now by PFDJ and people are defending PFDJ, that is crime. If our priority is the land/bandme sovereignty before the human dignity, we will get none, but if human dignity comes before Badme sovereignty then we have chance to get both.
      Good luck protecting the Amhara agenda of hegemony

  • Brhan

    Selamat Awatista,
    News
    United Nations
    Ethiopia’s Tigray crisis ‘stain on our conscience’: UN
    A l j a z e e r a 29 Sep 2021

    • sara

      selamat Brhan,
      i saw the report you mentioned…. indeed the crises in Tigray/Ethiopia is appalling and some how must be stopped….but but,,, about the “conscience : thing the person who said that is actually the one who goes around the region to create or prolong crises .. i don’t believe he has the morale authority to come up with such statement. look across the red sea in Yemen he has been roving there for more than few years
      and where is Yemen now… leave about politics on humanitarian side it is in dire
      situation worst than what he said about Ethiopia in conclusion he failed in
      Yemen and i do not see him to succeed in Ethiopia
      Martin griffin should be kicked from the region he is the ghost of all bad things happening i Yemen in terms of the humanitarian situation.

      • Ismail AA

        Hayaki Allah sara,

        Martin Griffiths and his predecessors commence their mandate with incurable handicap. Those who have the power and influence to give or deny them the job make sure that they must subordinate their conscientious mission to the strategic interest of the enablers. You and I know the number one concern of their boss at the UN (Secretary General) how to secure the budget to pay the salaries of his envoys and functionaries of his institutions, and he knows who can starve it of funds, especially when he is aware that Saudi Arabia and the United States are in the game. I have not seen a special envoy of the UN Secretary General succeeding in their missions at all. It just remains a job with handsome salary and other benefits until they get either dismissed or get bored or even get another job like Mr. Griffiths.

        • sara

          selamat Amna Ismail,
          I totally understand all what you said about those who work for the UN and the ORG itself, none the less what really surprised me about this Mr. Griffith is the statements he gave in the interview… that i don’t wont to repeat it here. he was in Yemen for many years and he never uttered ,minced those words to those who are doing things in Yemen.
          i have Yemeni friends who cry day in day out for what is happening for the last few years in their country, and if you read the Yemen media what goes there is awful but no one cares or talks about it ,
          one of those who was expected to talk frankly to the world was non than Mr. Griffith, but they moved him to Ethiopia to continue in the
          job he was doing in Yemen.
          i wish he will not last long there…

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    All sides to the conflict in Tigray, Ethiopia seem to have finalized their preparations for what is dubbed to be “decisive” offensive. Close observers are saying that PMAA is boasting that he “will finish the war in 10 days”. Many are saying that is hugely optimistic. TDF are saying that they have sufficient manpower and weapons to break the seige of Tigray. No word from Asmara but frantic meetings continue.

    On the peace process, Obasanjo have met all sides in Ethiopia, no breakthrough yet. The weeks ahead seem to be set for yet another round of mindless violence.

    • Abi

      ኃይልዬ
      What you doing is preemptive መንከባለል at Awate City Center. No wonder traffic is light. Streets currently closed to accommodate ታማኝና ቆራጥ ተንከባላዮች::

      • haileTG

        Hey Abichu,

        It is difficult to make the kind of news you want my friend. Besides rolling, I was trying to think why is it that we can’t make news for you. It came to my mind is that where Ethiopia is at now is circa 2001ish for us. That was the days we consumed tailor-made news. You see, trouble makes a country poorer but grows it wiser. I hope the up coming dry season teaches all of you guys at war much wisdom:)

        • Abi

          ኃይልዬ
          “ኧረ ቀስ ኧረ ቀስ እየተስተዋለ” አለ ሰውዬው
          If a dry season is somehow related to wisdom, ትግራይ የአዋቂዎችና የብልሆች መንደር ትሆን ነበር::
          አንጎላቸው እንደመሬታቸው የደረቀ ነው::

  • Brhan

    Hello Awate forum participants,

    By this time, you must be double checking of the news coming from the Ethiopian gov’t and its local allies. If not follow from time-to-time BBC’s Reality Check!

    One of the best roles of journalism is investigative journalism. It sheds light on the truth. BBC’s reality check is one of them.
    Check the following
    1. Ethiopia’s Tigray crisis: Why are hundreds of aid trucks stranded? By Peter Mwai BBC Reality Check Published two days ago (September 26, 2021)
    2. Ethiopia: Fact-checking misleading images about hunger in Amhara by Peter Mwai, BBC Reality Check Published September 19, 2021.
    3. SGJ also did his reality check, Negarit 145 – Moving Afarland to Yemen – ዓፈርን የመንን – ارض العفر واليمن I do not know why this episode was not posted at awate.com?

    In all the above, the Ethiopian federal government and its ally, the Amhara region, lied, mislead, and misinformed.
    They forgot there is something called investigative journalism.

    Let us see how another ally, the Eritrean gov’t, is managing news and info about Ethiopia. It seems that the Eritrean gov’t doesn’t want to go low like the Ethiopian gov’t. Not because the former knows better than the latter about investigative journalism, but it is following the Tigrinya proverb ኣነሓጺርኒ ይበል ንሱ ከኣ ተደቢሩ ይሰዕሰዕ. They lie, but the worst is that they post their lies on twitter! Are the Ethiopian people consuming the lies?

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    The US Embassy in Asmara has called for YG to retract his denial of the Axum massacre and his repeated tweets to that end. The new post on its fb page also links to a recent study on media manipulation in that regard as undertaking by a Harvard group.

    • Kebessa

      Hailat,
      What’s more important is the Embassy demanded the regime acknowledge the Axum massacre. I would say mission impossible for NOW. But then the UN-Ethiopia human rights violations report will come out in a month or so. It would be really hard for IA to deny that too – it just becomes too much. Although he might get some breaks on that report since it doesn’t cover most/many areas IA is accused of committing crimes.

      In related topic, some NNNNs are wondering why the Ambassador has not been kicked out already. Well, if the tit-for-tat escalates to the point of kicking out Ambassadors, Isaias will lose more than the U.S. His financial & diplomatic interests in America will be negatively affected, and even NNNN might turn against him if the inconvenience they will face sending money/visiting Eritrea is big enough. So for now IA is following things carefully in hiding mode. You know how that squirrel is:)

      As for the Embassy’s frequent callouts of Hawelti, I think 2 issues are frustrating them.
      1) their repeated calls for Eritrean troops’ exit from Tigray has not moves an inch.
      2) the fact that the state media in Eritrea can level accusations but won’t give the Embassy the chance to respond.

      What would you say the biggest ramifications are for the our regime if the IA-America diplomatic war escalates?

      • haileTG

        Selamat Kebessa,

        It is unusual for an embassy or resident diplomatic mission to engage in such broadside foray with the host country, unless the embassy of the lesser party in the conflagration. An example is when the PFDJ or Ethiopia embassy in US does that it would be normal. It would be considered part of the cry.

        So, why has the US embassy chose this approach. Well, IA has refused to give accreditation and diplomatic meetings are denied regularly. Hence, we can say PFDJ has created the scenario and the embassy is calling the bluffs.

        If Eritrea was to declare him persona non grata, a similar move could be taken in US just as they did with the movement issue years back.

        On a wider scale, this could be part of what is coming to the regime by way of sanctions. In terms of escalating quarrel, there is no any noteworthy relationship to start with. So, IMO not much. Except as part of the current war in Ethiopia and the definite trajectory of ensuring that Eritrea pays the price for its complicating role in that arena.

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    An interesting observation in times of hideous wars that that targets populations is that there is a noticeable silence on the the part of many influential voices of the perpetrators. During the holocaust, it was interesting to notice that no German opposed the act. Germans who are angry about this remark go to argue that there was a German resistance against Hitler. But that is misleading because that resistance was by naturalized Polish Germans. Instead, even churches blessed the genocide of the Jews. One story that I read recounts the story of a Jewish family on the run at the time. The only place they could hide was in a home of a priest who was their neighbor. The priest offered them to come to his home and then called the gestapo on them. Only the narrator came out alive, 20 members of his extended family were killed by that act. The same in Rwanda, save for moderate Hutu, the elimination of the Tusi was not opposed by the vast majority. Similar story in Serbia when Bosnian Muslims were massacred. Blaming past deeds of the victim or fears of the past repeating, pushes the masses to take a tragic error of acquiescence. It is important to always remember that good is good and bad is bad and none escape the consequences.

    • Desbele

      Selam Haile,

      A good article is published in African Argument last week under ” The Rise and Rise of Fascism in Ethiopia” .Messages of fear and anger sowed by leaders and an “Us” versus “Them” rhetoric, victimhood, propaganda and the promise of law and order indeed give the birth and rise of fascism everywhere and sadly currently in Ethiopia.

      • haileTG

        Merhaba Desbele,

        The writer must be an insider of PMAA because they have requested anonymity (not common in Ethio political circles, although it exists).

        When an entire population is blockaded for months, a sane mind would easily be able to figure out the unavoidable implications. Imagine if Eritrea or Ethiopia were to be blockaded for six months fully? Blockade killed up to half a million babies in Iraq. How many delivering mothers died as the result of the blockade? How many of their new born died prematurely? How many children are left orphans for the rest of their lives? How many died for lack of basic treatments? How many are malnourished, dying and left with life long health implications as the result of such blockade? To some, the death of Mrs. X while delivering due to lack of basic support and leaving her other children motherless is something that can be explained by “EPRDF’s 27 years mis-rule!” Basically, you gather her children around and tell them that mommy will not come home again, ever, because she had to die due to EPRDF’s 27 years of mis-rule!! Could you imagine how good people can become callous for simple neglect of reality?

        The article you brought up argues this very point in theoretical textbook terminologies, but the heart of the matter is as stark as allowing the death of a mother under the tragic conditions as illustrated above.

        IMO, we are so damn lucky TPLF managed to springing back up and cut the unfolding scenario short. Given what we see now, who knows what the assailants would have done and what sort of history would they have left for posterity? Imagine telling our children that our country partaken in some gruesome genocide that unfolded in Tigray? That would have amounted to the worst stink IA to leave Eritrea with. It is true that he has done war crimes and the rest, but he wouldn’t have hesitated to go all the way had he not been forced to retreat by the resurgence of TPLF and threatening to chase him to Adi Halo. Although the people of Tigray have been made to pay so much from our despot, ጸሎት ኣደታትና ኣይገድፈናን so they were able to curtail his ቦረምበጣዕ. Saving us the risk of staining our history in the eyes of the world for good.

  • Ismail AA

    Selam fellow Awatistas,

    For those who are interested to go the bottom of the conflict in Ethiopia may visit “Ethiopia Insight”. There a short but very informative article there by Guido Lanfranchi, Jos Meester post on 22 September. They succinctly discuss how political finance dynamics inform the pre and post 2018 politics of the country. They focus on comparative review of how this issue related to the TPLF and Oromia members of the ERDF coalition during both now and then. It is quite interesting stuff.

    • Beyan Negash

      Dear Haw Ismail,

      I just read this fascinating piece, thanks for recommending it. Otherwise, I would’ve missed it. You know what the oft quoted refrain is: “follow the money” which was popularized by the movie, “All the President’s Men”. Glad these two researchers had some access to the real data from which they were able to follow the money trail. What they show is astounding: How individual Tigrayans from the TPLF mold were able to reap the benefit of having access to Ethiopia’s massive coffers. In the words of Sir John Dalberg-Acton who famously said, “Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men…” These TPLF dudes were great, I am sure, until they seized power, boy were they bad men!!!

    • haileTG

      Selamat Ismail,

      Thanks for this interesting angle. The details are well supported by data to show the imbalance in political party resources during EPRDF. The real problem for Ethiopia is however, can be summarized into two groups in my humble opinion:

      1- I wonder if PP is off to a different track than EPRDF/TPLF was now that it has power? The first problem thus appears to me is that real change was never the intention. Ethnic hatred was.

      2 – Not only in the lack of real intent to correct the imbalances (as claimed by the article), the manner it is done has incurred far more damage than the imbalance to which the conflict is ascribed to. Blockade of civilians for almost a year in Tigray is wanton and the message is chilling. The atrocity committed in Tigray, infrastructure destroyed, and civilian targeting is rather far more heinous that shocked the conscience of many. Today, the Tigrayans in other parts of Ethiopia are facing mass arrest and confiscation of properties and denial of basic protection. These have not much to do with balancing the books. Rather a very sordid act of ethnic cleansing against the whole of Tigray born citizens of Ethiopia.

      Therefore, it was not only the PMAA change was merely about power grab and doing the same thing, other elites being the beneficiary, but also indulgent on severe form of ethnic persecution that broke citizens trust on the nation profoundly. It also involved Eritrea in ways that are difficult to disentangle from.

      It was a good read in terms of hearing from someone who specializes in private sector in conflict zones, but I am sure when it comes to the current ethnic war in Ethiopia, the said issues as well as more can be pointed to. Hopefully, the ongoing peace efforts succeed and save Ethiopia from itself.

      • Ismail AA

        Selam haile TG and Dr. Beyan

        The interesting thing the authors elaborated is how rivalries for change turn to become euphemisms for controlling assets of the state in the name of the public. This is quite true in cases involving the so called poor developing countries. The populations rise up in rebellion for freedom through which they can improve their lives. But their elites quickly take over the lead and use opportunities for grabbing power – not for positioning themselves to correct past anomalies of governing and managing public affairs but use the newly gain power as a license or access to available resources, which they translate to politically expendable capabilities to finance support generating power. Here, perpetuating power demands sustainable flow of finance whose only source in poor developing countries are the scare public assets. It can be summed from the piece is that who ever ascend to the seat of power ends up in controlling sources of funding that power. Accordingly, The Prosperity Party and its leaders did not make any difference when compared with those who were in power before them.

        For us observers the lesson to be learned is important, irrespective of who gained or lost in the game. Now, it is clear, from the material, that Dr. Abij and his allies ascendance to power in 2018 did nothing different than taking over the state-owned enterprises; only altered means of exploiting them for sake of financing their bid for political control – the same way those they accused before had used the resources. We all remember one of the loudly talked about grievance about the EPRDF was at its last election it grabbed almost 100% of the parliamentary seats – all save a single seat. Now, the PP has organized its own election and grabbed almost all the seats in important urban cities like Addis Ababa. One of the reasons is the investing the resources which the state-owned assets – some of them quite lucrative – made available.

      • Haile S.

        Selam MoKsi and all,

        MoKsi, your <> reminds me of a great chapter of a great book (my Psalm) by a great linguist social critic & philosopher, Roland Barthes (ሮላን ባርት).

        I don’t need to analyse more, just read by yourself and enjoy. It is exquisite!

        The whole book: Mythologies, Roland Barthes, Éditions du Seuil, Paris 1957. Written when France had colonies, to consider things in-context. Not much has changed except my MoKsi is using the same language and it worries me. እህም!!! I know, the Ethiopian leadership, TPLF now and when it was in power in Ethiopia and other authorities abuse these intimidating language Barthes described.

        Title of the chapter: Grammaire Africaine
        The link to the chapter:
        Please google “R Barthes Mythologies Grammaire africaine”.
        Click the first heading that appears ending in texte-philo.
        Then click “English” among the language choices that google provides on the bottom of your cellphone screen in order to read in english.

        • haileTG

          Merhaba Moxi,

          R Barthes Mythologies Grammaire africaine is something I came across some time ago. I remember that my appreciation of some of the young philosopher’s words was because it argues against colonial mind set and the stifling of the African indigenous intellectual processes in favor of the populist French right wing school of thought. It has a lot to do about the French colonies of north Africa and the emergence of nationalist ideologies in France.

          But, let’s assume “ethnic hatred” is a language used devoid of meaning in the current Ethiopian crisis. What other cause would warrant the level of conflict and incendiary rhetoric going with it? Is it not the conflict between the Amhara and Tigray ethnic groups that is the primary hinderance to peaceful resolution? This doesn’t mean that ordinary people are not likely to appreciate the right path, but the whole conflict is of ethnically structured.

          Let us say that TPLF caused all of it. Good. How does that change that the nature of the conflict is based on ethnic hatred? There was some reason, I presume, for the Germans when they engaged in mindless violence against the Jews, there was some reason, I presume again, when Rwandan Hutu went after the Tusi, when Serbs went after Bosnian Muslims, when Deacon Daniel Kibret is calling for the erasure of Tigrayans (I know his back pedaling) not just from the face of the earth but from history and human conscience.

          Moxi, we have a dangerous ethnic war burning next door, purportedly to remove weed, cancer, devil and what have you. The scenes are gruesome, the figures are astounding and the path is well trodden by past events that ended up stuck in human memories of brutalities.

          R Barthes Mythologies Grammaire africaine argues for me, as an African intellectual, to read and narrate my condition. He is not telling me to mis-read and whitewash what is evident or bury my head in the sand.

          If what is going on is past faults being exacted then the outcome would also be a future that seeks to exact current faults.

          እዋእ ኣዛሪብካኒ’ዶ ሓቀይ ክራይካ ሒዝካ ምኻድ ኮሎ:-)

          • Haile S.

            MoKsi,

            Grammaire africaine doesn’t talk for you when you say “real change was never the intention”. You conviniently took out the ‘ethnic hatred’ to suite your relique. I don’t believe ‘Ethnic hatred’ was the program of the leadership. It was the smouldering fire that was fuming since the advent of the ethnic federalism and trimming of territories according to language ethnic belongings settlements etc.

          • haileTG

            Selam Moxi,

            Granted that ” It was the smoldering fire that was fuming since the advent of the ethnic federalism and trimming of territories according to language ethnic belongings settlements etc.”

            If that is the case, then “ethnic hatred” is going on. It isn’t who started it but the response is not one that sought “real change”. Meaning, a change that puts out the ” the smoldering fire that was fuming since the advent of the ethnic federalism and trimming of territories according to language ethnic belongings settlements etc.” Rather, one that pours gasoline on those flames. The proof is on the French pudding we are made to enjoy through the social media day in day out.

            Perhaps, if the intent was ” real change”, then what happen? The victim refused to die?? Or what? Why not PMAA spent his time since taking office in Mekelle than Eritrea? I men working out “real change”. Ye qen jiboch isn’t a way to go about real change. But all that is gone, what do we have now? Ethnic war, right. Even if the cause is as you say, the change wasn’t any different either. Does the current path work to engender ethnic equality, prosperity for all and respect of constitutional laws for resolving land disputes? Not at all. So all I said was ወጮ እንተገልበጥካያ ወጮ, if ethnic hatred caused the war, it motivated the change, it is sustaining the war and it will leave the situation in a much worse condition than it was.

            The French philosopher’s argument was that leave HTG alone as an African intellectual to do his thing, no colonial presupposition. 🙂

          • Haile S.

            MoKsi,

            When the old lion retracted to his birth-den, you want pmaa to spend his time in that den? Why the old lion didn’t stay in his Savannah?

            An african intellectual who speaks africaine grammaire! Absolutely right!
            Talk to you later.

  • Metshaf Jigninet

    Selam dear readers,

    I wish Eritrea, Ethiopia and Tigray peace and stability. I also hope and pray the war will end soon along with the victims of this horrendous war become properly mourned.

    I will remove myself from political discussions for the foreseeable future, effective immediately.

    May respect, love, compassion, understanding and togetherness reign in our respective motherland.

    • Berhe Y

      Dear MJ,

      We will miss you but do take the time you need. At times the discussion can be draining in both the time required and emotional well-being.

      I hope it’s not because I shared misleading interview of SGJ and Prof Meresa. I had no idea it was very old interview as Beyan pointed out (even before the war).

      Now I know why I was confused and it didn’t make sense the interview/ response which didn’t seem to address the conflict.

      • Metshaf Jigninet

        Selam Berhe Y,

        Thank you for kind words and consideration. I will make this my last post to reassure you that you aren’t at fault.

        I looked up the video after Aman H posted it, but thought you wanted me to comment on Prof. Meressas position to get things going, or even to test my Tigringa capability since I speak many languages. =)

        What Meressa talked about is current. It would explain why Prof. Aman H shared it with the forumites.

        Best of luck arguing for the Eritrean people’s well deserved betterment and success!

        • Haile S.

          Selam Metshaf Jigninet,

          Sometimes we feel unhooking for several reasons. You seem to feel that, hopefully for short period of time. Don’t unplug the receiving side of the communication. Who knows tomorrow, you might read something that incites you to cut off the sabbatical!
          Best

        • Berhe Y

          Hi MJ,

          Note: Please you don’t to respond.

          1) Yes I wanted you to listen and comment on and you did. All I was saying was, that interview was before the conflict (and not after). I did not know that until Beyan corrected it.

          2) Your Tigrinya quite amazing and keep it up. But you also said you speak many other languages and that’s wonderful. You reminded me this young Eritrean, who was born or raised in Sweden and was studying Medical school in the UK. He spoke, Tigrinya, Arabic, Sweden, English, Spanish and when I saw the YouTube he was learning Amharic. May be that’s you:).

          Take care until next time.

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    Ethiopian deputy Chief of Staff made an estimation that the TDF has more than 200,000 active fighters and over 130,000 reserve. With such numbers, a number of a major national force in Africa, he intends to extend the war to Mekelle. Well, it is best to take the peaceful way than using such scale of man power from both sides to destroy the country.

    Another interesting point he raised was that EPRDF worked to destroy Ethiopia in the last 27 years. The same is stated ad nauseam here as well in lieu of focusing on one’s own national concern on the war in Ethiopia.

    Ethiopia at the time of the derg downfall was a Soviet dependent, poor, isolated country. At the height of EPRDF Ethiopia was a surging economic power house in all aspects of economic expansions, about to dominate the Eastern Africa regional market. Its national carrier finally beat S.A. to become Africa’s #1. Of course, its giant work on GERED was also evidence of its growing ambitions and political and economic muscle.

    At the time of Independence, strictly speaking of economics and administration and leave out the politics, Eritrea was on far better state than 30 years after PFDJ. Economically, if Eritrea was to go back to the last years of Derg today, it would amount to economic miracle. People could visit prisoners, old people in civil service retired with pension, accredited university was functioning, there was salary, very few prisons (as oposed to 350 now). Many horrid things can be listed that PFDJ brought on the country.

    So, was it EPRF that worked to destroy Ethiopia or PFDJ to destroy Eritrea? If the race was to destroy each one’s respective country, then EPRDF failed miserably and PFDJ succeeded beyond wildest of expectations – Eritrea being the only depopulating country in Africa.

  • Metshaf Jigninet

    Selamat xofofat jeganu deki Eritra,

    Many Ethiopians think TPLF’s undemocratic rule over Ethiopia for 27 years favoured Tigrayans only. That is somewhat true, but lacks important details. The Tigrayans who enjoyed the abundance of recourses Ethiopia has, is TPLF’s inner circle.

    The rest of Tigray, much like the the rest of Ethiopia, experienced poverty, inequality, but also famine. Even the late PM MZ isn’t spared from attacks. “Izi shim zeybilna” they say, referring to the last name Zenawi not being Tigrayan, according to the commentator from Adwa. How would Eritreans who support TPLF get treated when Tigrayans next door to each other mistreat one another and face inequalities? That is the kind of poison they try to introduce between Hamasien, Seraye and Akuleguzay.

    If you listened to the video clip I shared here yesterday, then you heard that TPFL buried soldiers alive who refused to dig their own graves and poored tea on the bodies, so the insects could feast on their flesh. I now want you to think about the Tbah Tbah they claimed were “btame je’Kanat” and compare the two. Need I say more?

    The atrocities TDF is accused of by HRW (Human Rights Watch) against Eritrean refugees in the Tigray region is amongst other rapes, mass killings, displacement and more. An external investigation is needed to figure out if the horrible rapes we heard about all along were mostly against the Eritrean refugees.

    Make no mistake, TPLF is as bad as they come. The war to satiate the TPLF elites unending thirst for power at the expense of Ethiopians and Ethiopia needs to stop.

    • Bayan Negash (Abu Al-Shabain)

      Selam MJ,

      A lot to unpack here. The challenges we face in this era and for many more eras to come is authenticity. I am not questioning the authenticity of the video you shared previously but in general the social media has become so infested with ulterior motives that it is making it rather difficult for a genuine dialogue to ensue or enlightening conversation to listen to. For example, I was just now few minutes ago watching an interview at ESAT’s, Insight.

      David Shinn (former American Ambassador to Ethiopia) was the guest. The subject matter was the Biden Administration’s Executive Order. Now, the host comes prepared with what he wanted to hear by a way of a response. You can see, Shinn patiently not only deflating and flattening the wrongheadedness of the questions being asked, but he also goes on to share with the host and his audiences that in the language of diplomacy how it should be interpreted. Meanwhile, the circling of the political wagon continues unabated.

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=abafTfgQEAI

      • Metshaf Jigninet

        Selam Ustaz Bayan Negash,

        I just finished watching the video and although former US ambassador Shinn is talented in the arts of being more slippery than an eel, the partisanism of United States is sadly blatantly obvious.

        Not quoting the reporter word for word now, but he asked if the relationship they had between United States and TPLF for 27 years is the reason for the partisan position US has in the matter. The answer to that lies 15:50 into the video and I would normally suggest that it takes reading between the lines to get the gist of the message, but it is crystal clear even if he doesn’t mention it.

        The geopolitical position of Ethiopia and fostering relationship with China, Russia, Turkey and Iran is seen as a threat. In order for TPLF to gain the support they have by the US government they have pledged allegiance, but most likely sold Ethiopia as a whole.

        Lastly, 30:45 into the video the reporter asked if the Eritrean participation is deemed illegal. Shinn says it isn’t illegal, but the mentioning Eritrea raised his blood pressure haha. He went on ranting about Badme and the hypocrisy of Ethiopia and Eritrea now being best friends. 😂

      • Berhe Y

        Dear Beyan,

        Thank you for the correction and I didn’t know if it was old interview. Someone shared it and I re-share it again.

        I will listen to the link of ambassador Shinn interview.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam MJ,

      Just a Reminder:

      Regionalism and religious divides are the seeds of the despot and his organization in our society, starting from the day he joined our Ghedli. It isn’t the work of foreign entities. Accusing foreign entities for our division without reading our own history will put you in unfamiliar awkward position.

      Regard

      • Metshaf Jigninet

        Selam Prof. Aman H,

        The divides that are causing division have been spoon fed steroids lately. Foreign entities and their helpers are part and parcel of the widespread problem.

        Divide and conquer was, and still is, their plan. However, Eritreans are withstanding and getting a powerful relationship to one another and country that transcends religion and ethnicity as a result. I am very proud, to say the least.

        • Berhe Y

          Selam MJ,

          I don’t know if you have a chance to listen to SBS interview of SGJ and Assistant Professor Meresa that AH couple of days ago.

          I am sharing a link below.
          https://youtu.be/7OcirRgxIvw

          I was hoping to hear two important prospects that is addressed at least from TPLF / Tigray side:

          1) What is the future of Tigray and it’s relation with Ethiopia.
          2) What is the future of Tigray and it’s relationship wit Eritrea.

          I can tell you I was more confused after the interview that before when I heard the Professor.

          May be those who can understand can help articulate better (May be that’s not what’s asked directly) but I have no idea.

          I am interested in the second part as suppose to the first. The boarder issue was raised and I think SGJ made good reasonable argument.

          Professor Meresa said, it’s not just about the boarder but what the relationship beyond is going to be is Tigray concern

          I am not trying to beat the boarder thing, but what exactly are Tigray / TPLF looking ?

          • haileTG

            Selam Berhe,

            May be SGJ will clarify for you. I haven’t heard the whole interview yet, so I may add something later. But, basing off of your question, I would say the following:

            1 – as far as the border issue is concerned, EPRDF/TPLF/Ethiopia position in the past was that there should be normalization first. What that meant was for Eritrea to stop supporting Ethiopian opposition at the time. Now the situation has made that demand obsolete and the only thing that would be attached to demarcation is basic “push it to the right” or “push it to the left” type minor adjustments on pillar emplacements. This would probably be delegated to small committees and woreda administrators of local villages.

            2 – What TPLF/TDF/Tigray wants from Eritrea right now is the return of all looted items, compensation for damages and restitution for lives lost of civilians caused by EDF invasion. Without clear way forward on that they made it clear that all options are open. So, this may tie in with your previous position of Eritrea’s inclusion in the peace talks.

            Going forward, I am sure the peoples of Tigray and Eritrea would eventually normalize in some form, but that is now off by many years or some decades. Because, once this war is over, the healing process and the fall out from it would take a very long time to adjust to new normal.

          • Berhe Y

            Thank you HaileTG,

            I was not asking SGJ directly as I know what he said. My point was with regards to TPLF and (former EPRDF) and now TDF really wanted.

            I think you have answered partially with regards to Eritrea but not with Ethiopia.

            I don’t know what “normalization first” meant when EPRDF had that position but looking back, if it’s was really not to host Ethiopian opposition etc., it was a wasted opportunity. PFDJ use to say “we demarcate today we start dialogue tomorrow”, if one is to believe PFDJ:).

            I thought it would mean a lot more than that honestly, like force Eritrea to lease Asseb for 100 years or something (don’t want to give ideas).

            In any case, I will let others listen and have their say.

          • Bayan Negash (Abu Al-Shabain)

            Gentlemen,

            I don’t know how important this is but the interview was conducted several months over a early last year, I think. I don’t know how useful such a context is in your discussions but wanted to point it out just in case it does.

            The Gize group are in the business of circulating old video clips. The way they package it appears to be misleading. They don’t provide editorial to inform their viewers. If they do that, then, they think they will have no followers one can suppose. I don’t know what their motivation is but I just wish they inform people when they re-air old material.

            Here is the original SBS Tigrinya Interview, which is dated 26 February 2020.

            https://www.sbs.com.au/yourlanguage/audiotrack/interview-johar-and-meressa

          • Saleh Johar

            Hi Beyan,
            There are many such entities who produce nothing, but they feel it’s okay to copy content, unauthorized, from other places and publish copyrighted materials. That’s why people should be careful not to unknowingly reward such pretenders who should be punished. The good thing is I had forgotten about it until you posted it…in fact i didn’t even save it though I had the permission to post it in Negarit from Beyene Semere of SBS. It’s now published on Negarit.

          • Haile S.

            ሰላም ሳልሕ፡

            ኦ ፋይ! ንምንጋር መገዲ እንዳኸፈትኩም ኣፍና ምዕጻው ከልኪልኩምና!

            ኣንታ ሳልሕ፡ እሞ ከምታ ኣብ ነጋሪት 144 ዘዘንተኻያ እንዶ ድ’ኣ ጌርካያ። ንብረትካ ካይትእክብን ካይትግደስን ሸለል እንዳበልካ፡ ንዘይሕጋውያን ብሕጊ ካይቅየዱ ሸውሃቶም ትኸፍተሎም ዘለኻ ንስኻ ዶ ኣይኮንካን? ወጹብ!

          • Berhe Y

            አንታ ኅይላት

            እዚ ሳልሕ አብ ክንደይ ክምቀል:: እዙካ ንሱ ኾይኑ:: ኩላትና በብወግና እደይ ኢደይ እንተበልና እዩ እምበ:: አይውቅስን እየ ዘለኹ: እቲ ወረሪዱና ዘሎ ናጤባ ክሳብ ክንደይ ከቢድ ከም ዝኾነ ንምስትብሃል እየ::

          • Haile S.

            ሰላም በርሀ፡

            ሓቂ ተዛሪብካ። እንታይ ክገብር ኢልካኒ!
            ግዲ ውዒለ ካይተናገርኩ፡ ንሳልሕ ኣዝኒበሉ መኹሰይ (ጠባይ ገይሩ) ምስሰኣንኩ

          • Saleh Johar

            haileS,
            How did I encourage them? I really want to know because I am up in arms against the lazy copy-past presenters and producers. Please don’t tell this it’s one of your cruel jokes. Any suggestion to stop them, will take it. You wetted my appetitive; now you have to explain it.

          • Haile S.

            Saleh Saleh,

            In my head, it was my gotcha moment on your 144th negarit joke that starts at around 2minutes snd 10 seconds.

            Seriously, there is no magic redemedy for this probkem and I don’t have one, but you already did two things that are I personally think are dissuasive to the lawless. I added extensions to them

            1 – you placed it under Negarit (and Awate). Both are kind of shelters, especially if you add these trademark somehow & somewhere within the frame of the image. Of course this depends on your host when you are the invited. ኩሉሳዕ ንኽትርእዮ ብዋንነት ዝደጉሕ መዘኻኸሪ
            2 – when you placed it under Negarit, you used Rosetta stone languages in the title. There are some who don’t like the beautiful pebbly language there. I am not considering language as scarecrow, but those that tend to go illegal have narrow thinking. I am not a video tech, but if this can be made inseparable from the video itself when copied, could dessuade some, just an idea. But there is no magic solution.

          • Saleh Johar

            Good point Hailat,
            In fact I did it water marks in a few episodes but it just was forgotten. Promise to do it. The Rosetta Stone language? I learn from you and this comment is my defense. 🙂
            Thanks but please consider becoming my director. Of course Probono:-)

          • Beyan Negash

            Selam Haile S.,
            Your wordsmith[ness] in one language can easily be seen how transferable it is to another. This can only come from a densely thinking person. A name Rosetta Stone as a language learning institution is invoked here to humor us with a double entendre:

            1. The surface level part of the double entendre is the use of the word pebble from the stone part of the name Rosetta Stone. The trademark in Arabic script in Negarit, “the beautiful pebbly language” could serve as a deterrent to those who wouldn’t even bother to steal the product because of the Arabic inscriptions, hence for the dissuasion remark.

            2. The second part of the double entendre is the real Rosetta Stone, which is in Rashid (Rosetta), Egypt’s Nile Delta that played an important role in the process of deciphering of Egyptian script from the Hellenistic period, which goes way back in Ptolemaic dynasty

          • Bayan Negash (Abu Al-Shabain)

            Hala Ustaz Saleh,

            The cassette era I thought was over where people never bothered to patronize artists so they may produce more art-work; alas, copying the original over and over again was par for the course. Such dilemma pales by comparison what media personalities such as yourself are facing today where individuals feel they can exploit somebody else’s work with no regard for the copy righted material.

            It seems we are at a critical mass now, where a professional media outlet is going to come in one fell swoop and eliminate the scruple. By the way, I saw an interview you did recently where you showed ample patience where the body language and the respectful demeanor when answering the host’s rudimentary questions were in a state of war, hence for Haile S.,(in a different thread), in his characteristic wordsmith manner used the term “ከተቑጠጢ”. Midway though he had gained some sympathy from you and you gave a genuine laughter.

            I was expecting you at some point to use that opportunity to let the host know that the questions to be asked shouldn’t be those that are readily available as an open knowledge that can be obtained by googling, glad you did in a context of Eritrea PEN.

          • Metshaf Jigninet

            Selam Berhe Y,

            I just finished listening to the 48 min recording. The opinion of Meressa was clear at the get go, but changed slightly to most likely appeas listeners who doesn’t agree with his views later on. Also, he got a hint to keep the fascists in check by SJ at the end. Most likely because they are detrimental to gathering support by Eritreans

            Prof. Meressa’s opinions are shocking, because one would assume only the extremists hold the same views.

            He says Tigray “asfah’Fiho hager kefetir yeko’il iyu. This means incorporating Eritrea, or taking Amhara and Afar land freely. Prof. Meressa also says, 11:30 into the video, that Tigrays fight is to bring back their tarikh.. = )

            SJ responds, 16:30 into the video. This is not a direct quote, but he basically responds by saying the following. “He wishes that the Tigrayan psyche would fathom that Eritrea is more than Kebessa and religious identities. It’s as if they aren’t capable of thinking about the other Eritrean ethnic groups, or even know about them and hope they would see Eritrea as one unit edge to edge”.

            What TPLF wants is clear.

            1) If they can’t take over power in Ethiopia they want to secede. However, Tigray is not viable on its own and therefore needs to either steal land from Afar and Amara, or venture into Eritrea.

            2) They want to neutralise Eritrea, so it isn’t a threat in the future. Furthermore, they don’t accept that Eritrea was awarded Badme and think Eritrea should have negotiated with Tigray. The plan is to incorporate Eritrea with Tigray and they are seemingly allowed to do as they wish in that regard…. 😉

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Haw MJ,

          Just to have a full picture:

          Pls listen to this clip. You will hear and watch the flip side of the story you try to portray. The presenter is from the Amara origin who is decrying about the plight of the people and appreciating TDF for trying to protect the Amara people from air bombardment and building the bridge ENDF have blown it.

          https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=r–8ZwZ6OGA&pp=QAFIAQ%3D%3D

          • Metshaf Jigninet

            Selam Prof. Aman H,

            Could you include specific times that are of interest in the video, because it’s almost 2 hours long.

            Cheers!

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    BBC News hour discusses the disturbing speech made by Daniel Kibret and whether his comments amount to incitement to genocide. The program speaks to an Law Ethiopian scholar. The discussion also looks at the ongoing state dpt. legal review of the Tigray atrocities by Ethiopia and Eritrea amounts to genocide. The answer given is interesting.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fac95bZSVmY

  • woldu hadgu

    Dear Awate Citizens and Visitors: Imagine a ” Very Wonderful Crazy” news:

    You woke up and this is what you read: “At mid night Eritrean Time some courageous and responsible PFDJ cadres and some military personnel have apprehended the top state echelons that included the president of the state of Eritrea. The spokesperson representing those who took the action passed messages in ERI-TV saying they condemn the war in Tigray and declared the immediate cessation of hostilities against Tigray and also asked PMAA to do the same. The spokesperson also said the port of Assab is available for any humanitarian Aid to Tigray…….”

    Do you imagine the immediate effect of this scenario?

    For long time I worked as industrial accident investigator. After wrapping up an investigation, if we found the company was at fault (systemic failure) we recommended two solutions to deal with the hazard:
    1. Elimination/Substitution (that is solution at the root) or to implement
    2. Engineering controls (that reduces the recurrence ). We recommend this only and only if the cost is prohibitive to the company

    it seems the world is choosing #2 to resolve the current issues in Ethiopia.

    So since the “Very Wonderful Crazy” fits solution #1, it is the best to wish for. May the Almighty God whispers this solution to the conscientious cadres and military personnel inside the PFDJ’s tower of Babel.

    • Abi

      Hello woldu hadgu
      I would definitely go back to sleep after saying በስመአብ ወልደ መንፈስ ቅዱስ!!

      ልፍታልሽ እኔ ህልምሽ ቅዠት ነው
      ያለምሽው ሁሉ እንቆቅልሽ ነው
      ቀልዱን ተይ የቀን ቅዠቱን …
      አለ ቴዲ ነፍሴ
      https://youtu.be/aMQgpyI2lXQ

    • haileTG

      Selamat WH,

      I totally agree that the dire situation of Eritrea is well past time that even a simple coup would have done for now. Although, given Eritrea’s history of resistance and struggle would have rendered such scenario unthinkable. Because one would assume the many revolution leaders turned thieves and rapists would have charted a much secure and strong path forward.

      The notorious EDF would continue to pose danger to the country because it is run by people with bloodied hands. Their next move would be to try to silence people to cover the trails of their criminal past. The following light analogy suffices to put things into perspective:)

      Imagine there is a man who borrowed from a loan shark and is unable to repay. The lender knocks at the borrower’s home with a warrant on his hand to take possession of the borrower’s possessions. However, he needs to give him the warrant in person before taking any thing. Thus, the borrower jumps into a closet and sends his wife to open the door and tell the loan shark that her husband is not home. The wife opens the door and says her husband is not home (meaning he can’t receive the warrant in person). A conversation ensues between the two, one thing leads to another, and it sounds like the loan shark was making advances on the wife. Well, the husband in the closet has two choses: get out of the closet and rescue his marriage (because he didn’t like the way his wife was talking either) or stay in the closet and rescue his possessions that he worked much to gain.

      The EDF leaders, personnel and PFDJ cadre are all like the man in the closet, IA is the loan shark and their people and country are the wife in the analogy but the improper advances on the wife is IA actions at home and abroad. So far they have decided to stay in the closet and protect their skin from the many wrongful acts they did to the people over the decade. Popular uprisings and coup are very normal and frequent happenings in most countries around the world. The reason it is not so in Eritrea is very unusual and the finger points squarely at the corruption with which IA built his system.

  • Abi

    ሰላም አዋተዎች
    ምነው ተደበራችሁ?
    https://youtu.be/CU9n63ANaEc
    ኃይሉ መርጊያን ተጋበዙልኝ!

    • Berhe Y

      Hi Abi,

      Thank you for sharing.

      I heard this Ethiopian song yesterday. I think it’s going global soon.

      Really beautiful.

      https://youtu.be/-YVqYuqf850

      • Abi

        Berhe
        It is a beautiful song!!
        ሓውና በያን shared it with us a while back. I’m not surprised that you missed it. You were kind of busy guiding and counseling HTG.

        • Berhe Y

          Selam Abi,

          You are absolutely correct, was missing a lot.
          Tomorrow is Men Elite World championship and hope it’s a good day for Eritrean riders too.

          • Abi

            Berhe
            You haven’t missed much. The only thing you missed was the well orchestrated courtroom drama featuring The Honorable Judge Haile TG, the expert witness Haile TG, Chief Prosecutor Haile TG, the sleepy bailiff Haile TG, the bored jurors Haile TGs, Court reporter Haile TG… Now that is an impressive cast in par with Scott Turow’s “ Presumed Innocent”.
            በቃ ምን ልበልህ? ኃይልሽ ደነሰብን እልሃለሁ !!
            ተከሳሽ አብይ አህመድ

            ለወዳጅ አገር ተወዳዳሪዎች መልካሙን እመኛለሁ::

          • haileTG

            Hey Abichu,

            It seems the boomerang is heading back:-)

            የጎንደር ሰሌዳ ቁጥር የለጠፉ ኣዳዲስ መኪኖችን ኣስመራ እያየሁ፡ ከዛሬ ነገ ኣብቹ ጩሁልኝ ብሎ ሰርቪስ ፍለጋ ይመጣል ብየ ስጠባበቅ፡ ምን በሆንክ ነው እንዲህ የምትፎካከረኝ? ለስጋ ወንድሞችህ የጎንደር ከተማ ህዝብ ስትል ‘ና ሰላም እናርግ። እኔም ይኼ ኢሱ እያልክ የለቀቅባቸው አውሬ እየፈጸመው ያለ ዝርፍያ ልጩህላቸው:-)

          • Abi

            ኃይልዬ
            መቀሌ ጭር ብላለች ይላሉ የውስጥ አዋቂዎች:: እባክህ ስልክ ምታና ሹክ በለን::
            ወያኔን ሳናጠፋ ሰላምም እረፍትም የለም!!!

            መጮህ ትችላለህ ደርሶ መንከባለል
            ባቡር መንገድ ተኛ ፈረንጅ ለማታለል::

            አንድ ጥያቄ አለኝ
            የልብስ ማሳጠቢያ ተቆራጭ ይደረግላችሗል? ይህ በየፈረንጁ ደጅ መንከባለል ልብሳችሁን ከማቆሸሽ በቀር የፈየደው አንዳችም ነገር የለም::

          • haileTG

            Abichu,

            ስልክ መምታት እንግዲህ መቀሌ ኣይደል ኮምቦልቻም ኣልተቻለ። ደግሞ ባቡር መንገድ መንከባለል እኮ ለሁላቹም ይቻላል። ባቡር መንገዱ ድልድይ ኣይደል እንዳይፈርስ ብለህ ከሆን። ትላንት ዶተሬ ደብረጽዮን ህዝቡን ደህና ኣድርጎ ኣነቃቅቷልና ካሁን በሁዋላ ብዙ የሚፈልጉኝ ኣይመስልም ከወደ ትግራይ፡ ቆርጠው ተነስተዋል። የኔ ክፍያ ተወው እና ኣሁን፡ የጎንደር ህዝብ ቤት ንብረቱ እንዲጠብቅ ንገራቾው። ሃያ ኣመት ያልተከፈለ ሌባ በትነህባቸው ኣትንከባለል ወንድሜ 🙂

          • Abi

            ኃይልሽ
            ኮምቦልቻ ስልኩ የማይመታው በምክንያት ነው ወዳጄ:: የውስጡ አስተኳሽ ከውጪው ተኳሽ እንዳይነጋገር ስልኩ መጥፋቱ ግድ ይላል::
            የጎንደር ህዝብ እንግዳ ተቀባይ ነው:: የኤርትራ ጦር ቢመጣ ሊጠብቀው እንጂ ሊጡን ሊጠጣበት ከመሰለህ ተሳስተሃል:: እኔ እንዳይዘርፈኝ የምፈራው ሃያ አመት ደመወዝ ያልተከፈለውን የኤርትራ ወታደር ሳይሆን የሰላሳ አመት የመዝረፍ ልምድ ያካበተውን ቡሃቃ ገልባጭ የወያኔ ተምች ነው:: አመል ቶሎ አይለቅም ኃይልዬ አርከይ::
            ዶክተር ደፂ የትኛውን ህዝብ ነው ያነቃቃው? ትግራይ እንኳን ህዝቡ መሬቱ የነቃ ነው!!!
            ይልቅ ከኔ ስትጨቃጨቅ የሳሙና ተቆራጭ እንዳያመልጥህ:: በደንብ ለተንከባለለ ተጨማሪ ቦነስ አለው የሚባለው እውነት ነው?

            እንኳን እንደ የጌሾ እንጨት አስፋልት ላይ ለመሰጣት አበቃችሁ!!!

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Abi,

            You know it was obvious to me, that’s why I laboured hard but to no avail. Now just watching from a distance.

            On my rediscovery of Zerai Deres band I come across Sami Berhane song I haven’t heard in a long time.

            https://youtu.be/cqwIWl84KeA
            ስግርበትና (meaning across our house).

            Thank you for the best wish.

            I don’t know where you live but there are active Eritrean / Ethiopian riders in the DCMetro.

            I started riding during Covid (from regular bike to road bike) and it’s been quite a thrill.

          • Abi

            Berhe
            You can’t possibly give up on HTG. He is the only hope! He is the only weyane advocate with a mildly functioning brain.

            I live rent free in Haile TG’s brain.
            I don’t ride bikes. እኛ ራሦች ፈረስ ነው የምንጋልበው!!

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Abi,

            The bike would do you good to your heart 🙂 specially after so much gored, gored:)

            The race was great with lots of action and a grueling 268 KM long, over 42 k/hr.

            Out of 174 riders from 43 countries only 68 finished. Eritrea had 4 riders, one rider Natnael Berhane didn’t start. Only Merhawi Kudus finished the race and come in 50.

            Rwanda will host the world championship in 2025, the first African country.

            I am happy Rwanda is doing great but the PFDJ bosses like Alamein need to realize that everyone is eating our lunch while they are obsessed on fixing Ethiopian.

            I just don’t understand why Dr. Abiy government doesn’t say we have invited Eritrea if it is really there at their request.

            I just don’t like the US officials tone that they wanted to punish Eritrea as a scapegoat for all the problems in Tigray.

      • Metshaf Jigninet

        Selam Berhe Y,

        It was actually introduced to the forum by Beyan Negash a while ago and after that Brhan shared the remix with Akon, which is quite good.

        This is the new banger! 🔥

        https://youtu.be/dKMF0WkBD9o

        • Abi

          MJ
          ምን በደልኩህ?
          በአንጋፋው ውብሸት ፍሰሃ ተፈወስ!
          https://youtu.be/79PKls2nz1s

          • Metshaf Jigninet

            Selam Abi,

            Haha, you did good. But, Melats voice can heal the soul… 😁

            I like the classics, so hopefully you will keep them coming.

            Glad there is something to enjoy and talk about other than war and politics for a change.

        • Berhe Y

          Hi MJ,

          You are correct. Abi was right what he said. It’s a relief to enjoy simple things in life.

          Thank you for sharing.

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam Awatistas,

    Here is the interview of Assistant prof Meressa and Salih Gadi Johar discussing on the current civil war of Ethiopia in general and on the fate of Tigray in particular. Have a say on the subject no matter how the closure the crises might be in the foreseeable future.

    Regard

    https://youtu.be/7OcirRgxIvw

  • Desbele

    Selam Awatewian,

    I am sharing a moving story from Freweini who fight hared to know the whereabouts of her brother , Teklebrihan , kidnapped from Sudan by the Eritrean regime and disappeared since 1992. She searched for him from Sembel Prison to appealing to US senators , US National security office and even fromer president Jimmy Carter. The most painful statement of hers for me is “It was very difficult to galvanize support to the extent, as thousands of Eritreans were also telling these offices the opposite of what I was disclosing” . Deep soul-searching conversations are a must within the Eritrean community to heal those WE hurt .
    https://eritreahub.org/eritrea-the-imprisonment-of-teklebrhan-ghebresadick-alias-wedi-bashai

    • haileTG

      Selamat Desbele,

      Very sad situation indeed. Let’s hope and pray Freweini and countless others will see a day to unite with their loved one in this life time. If someone is hurting, it is natural to want to help, it also happens that people would avoid the difficulty by looking away. But, to go and attack the victim in service of the abuser is unnatural and evil. No evil goes unpunished and the proof is in the pudding in our case. If all we see, too often is the case, is perceived interests rather than moral imperative, demise would befall us in due time. IMO it is mostly the supporters of the regime who engage in that form of sadist activities. I have never seen any opposition person who would be doing that kind of thing. The regime is evil, supporting evil also makes one evil. I am not saying all but all dedicated regime supporters of PFDJ are evil in a way. But, the statement needs unpacking to understand the why and how parts.

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Desbele,

      Thank you for the link. Yes, their cause and other Eritreans who have faced the same fate imposed on them by an illegitimate regime serving the ruthless ego of a vindictive despot should be our daily concern, at least thoughts. Their cause has been source of daily suffering of their families, as the sister of Wedi Bashai stressed in the clip you have kindly shared.

      As a political and publicity cadre, I was in Khartoum when the two military leaders of the former EEF-RC were kidnapped in a very despicable and wicked way. The two happened to be at the spot or in that house on a religious holy occasion. They were invited by an acquaintance and common villager back home to one or both of the victims. They did not even tell their fellow fighters around them.They went innocently and with full confidence in their host, a malicious EPLF spy who lived and worked in Saudi Arabia and picked to Kasalla under the alibi of family visit. This person came to Kasalla, Sudan, to implement that operation.

      The time was subsequent to an earlier EPLF busy campaign of liquidating active and effective leaders and higher cadres in the ranks of it thought were its adversaries. The reason for the crime against them was because they were military leaders of the ELF-RC units inside Eritrean. Prior to that event, the EPLF had attacted in January 1992 those units in complicity with the Sudanese military regime. The EPLF wanted to eliminate the two leaders as part of effort to get rid of the units inside the country.

      To do that they found a treasonous person well known to the two victims. With dry conscience, not even worrying about negative social consequences his vicious action and role would cause as relative and common villager of the victims, he travelled to implement the plot of the regime. It pains to relate such follies of human beings.

      • Desbele

        Thank you Ismail for the additional information.

  • Brhan

    Hello forum participants,

    The drama of the south of the border is more attractive than the east of the border here at the forum, but I would like to share these points with you about another drama developing east of the border.

    1. A coup attempt has failed in Sudan; that is what the gov’t of Sudan is saying.
    2. A race between the military and the civil members of the current government of Sudan is increasing as the country is heading to elections in 2024.
    3. The gov’t is saying the ones behind the coup attempt are the remnants of the former regime.
    4. There is civil mutiny in Eastern Sudan, led by the Beja group, who ask for self-determination if their marginalization is not solved. Members of this group are blocking transport between Port Sudan and Khartoum. The group is also asking PM Hamdok to resign or bring the ones who tried to do the coup to justice. This part of Sudan is vital due to its geopolitics, and Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Egypt have interests there.
    5. The US envoy to the Horn of Africa, Mr. Jeffry Feltman, is flying to Sudan next time to calm down the Sudanese.

    • Ismail AA

      Hayak Allah ustaz Brhan,

      Thank you for the effort you are tirelessly putting up to make us aware of developments relevant to our concerns and interests.

      As you have rightly indicated, we Eritreans seem to look more to events that develop in the region across our southern frontiers than to the east, west and north. I presume this tendency is due to the impacts our political relations had caused. Our shared history with Ethiopia since the WW II has been marked by belligerence of claim and counter, aggressor vs resistance security-military relations. This on and off relation has not yet been settled in the minds of some elites in Ethiopia, despite the decades of conflict that pitted self-determination seeker Eritrean side with the right denier Ethiopian side that costed unimaginable blood and resources on both sides.

      This conflict prone relation still exists in under/above the surface manifestations, despite its formal closure under the modalities of nation-states legitimacy framework the working international legal system prescribes. But the persistence of that latent tension has become cause for concern and alert mistrust that makes Eritreans remain sensitively vigilant to whatever happens across our southern borders.

      On the other hand, Eritrea and Eritreans have never felt any threat from across their borders to the west, north and east across the Red Sea. We feel less sensitive and urgency to what happens in East Sudan or Yemen. Knowing the reason may not need much effort here. There has not been a single instance of conflict except diplomatic-cum-security related transient skirmishes the ruling dictatorship has been involved in with Sudan.

      Potentially the recent developments in Sudan, especially what has been seen heating up in East Sudan, can have the same impact on, and cause serious concerns in, our country to the same level and degree the developments going on Ethiopia can. But, we do not react to both with the same degree of concern and force. Having this in mind, one can ponder, and think, whether Eritreans would have been so deeply engaged and polarized had the sad events that are taking place in Tigray and northern Ethiopia had involved the Beni Amr and Hadareb in East Sudan with the central government in Khartoum ?. Would Eritreans spearheaded by the Beni Amr and the Hadareb been so driven by the politics of brotherhood and kinship and end up in divided camps? It is something worth pondering on.

      • Brhan

        Salam Alikum our great Ustaz Ismail,

        Thank you for your input.

        Unrest in any of the horn of Africa countries has negative impacts on others, including the influx of refugees.

        Secondly, any of the horn of African countries has to stop interfering on the internal issue of the other one way or another. We have seen how this has created crisis after crisis in the horn, and now we have an outblown war.

        Last but not least, since the fall of the soviet union and after Siad Bare of Somalia, two major wars have happened in the horn of Africa, and the two primary players have been PF(JD) and TPLF. Is the horn of Africa the new middle east? Talk and talk about peace, but with no peace on the ground?

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    When you have time, it is worth checking the US Embassy Asmara fb page. It is a lone voice in taking PFDJ to task on its blunders and crimes. It is particularly pleasing to to read as it is written and shared from few blocks away from IA’s residence:-)

    https://www.facebook.com/usembassyasmara

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Hailat-TG,

      Thank you for the link. Indeed, the US Ambassador took them to task on the despicable crimes of inhumanity committed by the EDF. However, the PFDJ and EDF political culture is what it is, and won’t change until this politico-cultural institutions are dismantled and reoriented with new cultural values.

      Regard

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    “A senior US official told The National on Friday that the State Department is conducting a legal review into whether Ethiopian and Eritrean actions in Tigray amount to genocide.”

    https://www.thenationalnews.com/world/us-news/2021/09/24/biden-administration-considering-tigray-genocide-determination/

  • Brhan
    • haileTG

      Thanks Brhan,

      That is a wonderful and thoughtful event. There are few of his instrumentals in youtube, what a talent!

      • Brhan

        Selam haileTG
        The host has been wise to conduct the event . I wish others take an example of this initiative, to include, other arts, such as novelists, poets, painters.
        I suggested this to SGJ before: what do you think of awate.com running competition of the best Eritrean short story, poem , article etc, of the year?

    • Berhe Y

      Ahlen Brhan,

      I am making an effort to learn Arabic (day 1):)

      Thank you for sharing, I had no idea who he is, never heard of him. But I am not the person to pay attention to music other than to enjoy and dance.

      I hope to see the longer version of the event and hear all the speeches but I saw many familiar who we exported to the US:) from my city including the best stage performer as far as I am concerned Habtom Debesay.

      ይልመደካ ጠጥዕሙ ሸር ሸር ምግባር አይትረስዕ::

      • Brhan

        Merhaba Berhe,
        Mr. Abdella Abubaker has worked with our legendary singers. The singers were in front but he has been behind them producing unforgeable melodies. So listen for example to Yamane G/Michael and focus in the music instruments: that is the work of Mr. Abubaker. Listen to the organ in this music :
        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AxpHa6-xT8Q
        I also enjoy and dance in addition try to know how do this artists work.
        Oh before I forgot , I would like to know our SAAY on Abdella Abubaker

        • Berhe Y

          Dear Brhan,

          Thank you for sharing, I realized today after watching the video you shared who he is and how his contribution is to Eritrean songs. I am very familiar to most of his music, I just didn’t know and may be didn’t pay attention all these years.

          I am so glad they did this tribute while he is still and alive and he get to see it, live it and enjoy it and appreciate. Tewolde (VOA) asked him, ማስተር ዲ ክብል ስታዝ ዲ ክብል that he didn’t know much about him much about all his work. He said እስታዝ አይኮንኩ ማስተር አይኮንኩ, what a way to live.

          Few years ago I met this white guy at work. After he found out that I am from Eritrea he asked me if I knew Barry. He says he is a musician from your country and use to be a drummer with famous band. He said, his name was something I don’t remember but we called him Barry. He told me, he come interview and he didn’t have the technical skills we were looking but we liked him during the interview and we hired him. I asked him why did you like him, he said he was very good to talk to, and very likeable personality and he spoke 6 languages he told us. We were really surprised but it was true he did speak, English, Italian, Arabic and other languages. I can guess, Amharic and Tigrinya and may be Tigre (May be he was talking about Saleh Gadi). We said, if a person can speak all this languages we said let’s hire him and we can teach him anything.

          So he become familiar with his songs and he played music with some company events. He told one day I was travelling to the US (I think New York) and there was this guy, may be from your country in a parking lot playing his song on his tape. I asked him, what music he was listening and he told me, the band and showed me the tape cover and here he was Barry with the band.

          I didn’t know who this guy is and was curious to find out, and he said I will let you know.

          Few days later he emailed me his name, Berhane Ghebre or Berhane Wedi-Ghe and he was a drummer with Zerai Deres Band.

          Here you will find compilation of Zerai Deres band put together by Berhane and watching it again, I see Mr. Abdella Abubeker in all the collections.

          Without exception I love every songs of Zerai Deres and his contribution speaks volumes.

          https://youtu.be/j4oC_dAmLy4

          Today is a beautiful day to be Eritrean.Like you I can’t wait to hear what Saay has to say.

  • Metshaf Jigninet

    Selamat hayalat deki Eri. Umrin tienan fetari yehabekom,

    I invite you to watch the video bellow in order to better understand TPLF, but also because we should help the people of Tigray reject the evil organisation that has destroyed them.

    The Tigrayans haven’t showed Eritrean refugees that are subjected to horrific acts of violence, rape, starvation and being killed by TDF any empathy, nor has the Eritrean TPLF supporters done so either.

    However, let us not stoop to their level. Let us instead get involved and provide necessary information to ensure them that TPLF has destroyed them and their relationship with their neighbours.

    https://youtu.be/H-D8l5WuBeM

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    The new government of PMAA that is soon to be inaugurated has completed its appointments. The list of the appointee is circulating informally. One or two interesting facts are that:

    – Ethiopia will have a new Chief of Staff, Brhanu Jula will be replaced

    – There are no appointments related to Tigray

    – Agegnehu Teshager, Amhara President, will be Minister of Peace

    – Dr. Abraham Layne (only Tigrayan) will head the government purchasing and clearing Agency.

    • Abi

      ኃይልሽ
      የኢትዮጵያ ጉዳይ እንቅልፍ ነሳህሳ ወዳጄ!!
      There are no appointments in relation to Tigray. Only disappointments when it comes to Tigray!! ትግራይ የታመመ ትርፍ አንጀት ነው:: መፍትሄው ቆርጦ መጣል ብቻ ነው:: ይህን ትርፍ አንጀት ቆርጠን የጣልን ቀን እኛም ሰላማችን ይመለሳል: አንተም ወዳጄ ትንሽ እረፍት ታገኛለህ::

      • haileTG

        Hey Abichu,

        How many times are you going to cut off someone for peace my friend? I thought you find peace when you put together not split things apart. Here is a nice song to inspire:)

        https://youtu.be/UGrSnJDfnqI

        • Abi

          ኃይልሽ
          Thanks for the beautiful song. Tesfaye Gebre died too early.
          Tigray reduced itself to appendicitis level. The pain killers did not work. Time to cut it off with its pain and history. What is encouraging is almost everyone wants Tigray to leave the union.
          ኃይልዬ አርከይ ” በጥባጭ ካለ የጠራ አይጠጣም” ይላሉ ዘመዶችህ::

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Abi,

            For someone who admit doesn’t know Tigrinya, I am always impressed how much you know. Not only that, you provide the perfect translations, which I wonder if the origin is Tigrinya or Amharic.

            It’s very fitting, BTW. Melles n I be if his interview said

            “If we are not living in peace do not expect you should live in peace. If we are not prospering don’t you expect you should prosper and vice versa, in the interview he had with AI.

            I understand the context he was saying it but it always bothered me, why it should be the case. I don’t think they (TPLF) will leave anyone alone if they are not in charge of the region. Power is no longer a wish or a need, it’s an addiction.

          • Abi

            Berhe
            The origin is always Amharic:-)
            ወያኔ አርማጭሆን አልሞ አርማጌዶ ላይ ነቃ!

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Abi,

            Don’t let HaileTG hear you. Some guys from Tigray are saying they are the beginning of humanity.

            The other day I heard this opposition party leader (I forgot his name or his party) and he was in TMH talking about the Abay Tigray.

            He said, Tigray people went on the Red Sea to Iraq / Iran to the Tigres river and established Babinon.
            Then the people of Iran come to Egypt.
            Then the people of Greek established their civilization out of Egypt.
            The Greek is the centre of civilization of Europe etc.

            There for Tigray is the beginning of all civilization.

            I am paraphrasing what he said.

          • Haile S.

            Selam Berhe,

            This guy said this history is well documented, a document clearly visible to him, but NOT to us.

            He said Tigray gave rise to Tigris. But, he forgot to say the Afar gave rise to Euphrat in his proximity, and the Amhara gave rise to the Aymara civilization in South America 😁!

          • Abi

            Hello Berhe and ሊቀመኳስ
            ታላቅነታቸው ምን የማይሉት ነገር አለ?
            He forgot to mention that ማይፀብሪ is the foundation for the Maya civilization .

    • Saleh Johar

      HaileTG!
      How come I don’t see the two Yemanes or the Fano butcher guy? I object to this and a demonstration against it is due

      • Ismail AA

        Selam Saleh,
        How do you miss the Yemanes cannot compete with Behanu Nega? While the former are disposables, the latter is not done yet with the mission for which he was lavishly groomed during his Genbot 7 days in Asmara.

        • Bayan Negash (Abu Al-Shabain)

          Merhaba Ismail AA and SGJ,

          Interesting that you brought up Professor Berhanu Nega. I know SGJ had a scathing critique of the man in Negarit 134, rightly so. The problem with politicians is that they forget their words can have detrimental effect, the notorious one of which was no other than Trump. Incidentally, The State Department is calling out an Ethiopian Parliamentarian on his “Hateful rhetoric” deeming it “dangerous and unacceptable.” – again, rightly so. I don’t think it is worth sharing it here lest I become a conduit to the dissemination of it. Hate speech is hate speech and it should be called by its rightful name and the State Department did.

          Back to Berhanu Nega. This had to be one of the best and the most concise speeches that I have heard from Ethiopian politicians. Chief reason of which it really resonated with me had to do with its applicability to Eritrea and Eritreans. When I heard it on the 11th of September 2021 my immediate reaction in WhatsApp to some friends was as follows:

          These are very critical questions that our region need to ask ourselves. What it is that we want out of the country we say we belong to? What it is we want Eritrea to be in the future? Eritrea for who? The same questions the official, Berhanu Nega, is asking of Ethiopia and Ethiopian identity, Eritreans need to do some soul search of whether we are all going to have a nation that belongs to all or a fragmented country that will forever be a dysfunctional one. SGJ’s Negart 134, in essence, addresses similar sentiment. I was busy enjoying my vacation with my siblings at the time, part of the reason why I wasn’t able to share what I am sharing now. Hopefully, it wasn’t brought up in my absence; if it did, my sincere apologies in advance for taking on a repeat-journey. It’s a little over eight minutes long: https://youtu.be/qr_i11agvO0

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Beyan,

            Welcome back. The topic was discussed and you can find it below.

            It was started by Haile S.

            http://awate.com/eritrea-conveyer-belt-supplying-mercenaries/#comment-5532040962

          • Abi

            Berhe
            You have started to pay attention lately. Should I be worried? Is Armageddon coming? Are these the last days?

          • Haile S.

            Selam Abi,

            It is now Hawna Beyan’s turn not to pay attention.
            Berhe turned to be the one who pays attention to the smallest details. He is helping our HTG not to lose his way.

          • Abi

            መምህር
            Our own Columbus is still calibrating his Global Positioning Compass to figure out his destination. The default setting keep sending him towards a dead end aka Mekele.

          • haileTG

            Hey Moxi..haha

            I think Berhe has let me out on parole now, he either approved or he lost focus on me too:-)

          • Abi

            ኃይልሽ
            Berhe said he is bored and lost all hopes when it comes to ኃይለኛው::

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Haile S. and Abi,

            The race just finished. Eritrean sensation Biniam Ghirmay come 2nd.

            He beat everyone in the final sprint and lost to Italian Baroncini who was on breakaway.

            So far he us the strongest Eritrean finisher who come to cycling world. Eritrean sucres for most part in Europe and international race was run with the breakaway and if possible end in the finish.

            But Ghirmay is different. He can stay with the Peloton and finish a sprint string.

            This is his 3rd or 4th podium finish since Sept.

            I can say confidently now, we will have official Tour podium winner next time around.

          • Elenta

            Berhe,
            Biniam is a different class. He already made history by being the first black African to get a medal in world championship.
            I can defiantly say he is one of the best Eritrean cyclists who will be a GC contender in WT.
            I had high hope for Merhawi though, but his results have not been as hope for.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Elenta,

            I knew he is talented when he beat Andre Greipel of Germany in the tour Tropicale Amissa Bongo in 2019.

            https://youtu.be/ty9bY9ll4xs

            Greipel is the most prolific sprinter who dominated stage races at Grand Tours, may be he was a lot older by then but still at his game.

          • Abi

            Berhe
            Congratulations!!
            2nd place finish is impressive.
            እናንተ ግን መቼ ነው ጣልያኖችን የምታሸንፉት:-)

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Abi,

            Thank you.

            You have to watch the finish to appreciate it.
            ጣልያኑ አምልጦ ቆይቶ እንጂ አይቀርለትም ነበር:)

            I can’t help to watch again and again the finish.

            https://twitter.com/nationaler_int/status/1441476154024607754?s=21

            And celebrating Eritrean style.

            https://twitter.com/nationaler_int/status/1441476154024607754?s=21

            As to when we will beat Italians, we had in 1939 when they allowed the natives to compete with Italian. Ghebremariam Ghebru won the championship of Eritrea in 1939.

            Tekeste Ghebru (Gigante) was the first Eritrean to cycle international as professional.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Abi,

            It’s indeed worrying:). It’s getting a bit boring at AT land lately and not much activity. Good to hear from you and hope all is good on your side.

            Today Eritrea cycling powerhouse (Men U23, by far the most strongest and most experienced team (at a tender age of U23, that ever put together) are taking on the World championship in Belgium, very exiting day.

            Henok Mulubwrhan – Team Qhuebka
            Natnael Tesfatsion – Androni Giocattoli -Sidermerc
            Biniam Ghirmay – Intermarché-Wanty-Gobert Matériaux
            Efrem Ghebrehiwet – Not sure , may be he is still race with Eritrean team.

          • Abi

            ሰላም ሓውና በያን
            እንኳን ሳይናፈቁ በቶሎ ተመለሱ
            https://youtu.be/AAR6DGqar1U

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Dr. Beyan,

            Welcome back, sir. Your inputs have been very much missed. I hope you and your loved ones have enjoyed the well-deserved vacation.

            Incidentally, I had also listened to that speech. No doubt the questionings he raised were powerful, and the conditions his country is transiting at the present certainly warrants them. Any Ethiopian who wants to see his country a land of free and law-abiding citizens should be asking those questions. I am aware of his political, ideological and family’s successful metropolitan entrepreneurial background do not place him at the center of his ethic origin, which is now a central issue of the national debate in Ethiopia. Nonetheless, I do not think he wishes the same for an Eritrean counterpart to adopt equally powerful position as that he had exhibited at that talk because I am not quite sure he genuinely accepts the sovereign status of Eritrea, despite his alliance with the despot in our land.

          • haileTG

            Selamat Ismail and all,

            I will follow up on your last remark because Berhanu Nega’s Ezema also believes on Assab being Ethiopian on legally and moral grounds. On the following video, the intro has been cut (may be because the NNNN got it later), but he starts his speech by saying ” በኤርትራና ኢትዮጵያ መሃል በህግ ያልተቋጩ ነገሮች ቢኖሩም…” Of course, we later found out that his party intends to go to international court on the issue of Assab. I linked it here so that you can see how the NNNN don’t listen to content but they clap mindlessly because their cult leader is in apparent ego surge. What is interesting about Ezema is that it is also the only mainstream party to request Eritrean troops to remain stationed in Ethiopia’s Tigray! So, how cruel does it get when the guy planning to take you to court, also wants you to help him clean his house?

            Sorry, this is the only youtube I have, I saw the full version on fb at the time and remember thinking about his በኤርትራና ኢትዮጵያ መሃል በህግ ያልተቋጩ ነገሮች ቢኖሩም…intro.

            https://youtu.be/5m0jWvLxKXE

          • Bayan Negash (Abu Al-Shabain)

            merHaba kbur Haw Ismail AA,

            Many thanks for your graceful communication style, much appreciated. A good 8 to 9 years ago I was the only missing sibling when the family had a get together in Addis – too far. My only brother MIS this time was my brother who lives in Sweden -I suppose too far. This one however was a skip, a jump, and a hop-in-a-plane-away from California for me – four-and-a-half hour away. Was I glad I did! Endless stories, laughter, laughter, and then some more laughter. There is a three-minute video clip that my brother translated to Tigrinya that I am sharing below*. I am sure it will touch a core. He is the anchor of the family. Time permitting, there may a come a time that I hope to share, which I think will be beneficial long term for every Eritrean family to consider.

            One thing we did, as a student of history, I am certain you will appreciate this, is that we had a two-hour recorded conversation in which we covered two personal stories of the first two eldest siblings. We are planning to use it as a project via zoom about once a month. What this will do I say this in hopes that many more Eritreans and Ethiopians start doing the same. As a student of history, I am certain you appreciate this, is that it can become a treasure trough for future historians as a primary source. If thousands more would undertake similar family projects, our future historians will be rewarded for it. This is veering toward the personal, more than necessary to share in a public space. Let me return to your note related to Berhanu Nega.

            BN’s political objective with the questions he raised notwithstanding, what I was hoping such critical questions would do is that we Eritreans begin discussing those very historical trajectories (historical turning points) as they apply to us prominently, albeit from being its victims. In this regard, Eritrean problem has been our inability to trust and accept the Eritrean lens as that of all Eritreans, not just a certain segment of our society’s part. We are quick to dishonor certain parts of our history because we choose to see it through the religious lens. We dishonor and dismiss our own history because we choose to see it from the regional lens.

            [I hastily read MJ’s entry just now before I started jotting my response here that he mentions the awraja debacle, albeit from a different perspective, time permitting, hope I can respond for there is some kernel of truth to the stipulations he makes.]

            At any rate, we are quick to recognize in the lack of trust that exists amongst Eritreans, but we don’t process the role we play in the propagation of it. So, someone pontificates about believing in the mosaics of Eritrea, in the pluralism it genders but will have no qualms to go for the jugular, to the region-religion-card in a nonchalant fashion at a remotest possible of feeling slighted. Why a disagreement on a certain subject matter seemingly as irrelevant as the question of TPLF, for example, raises a question of principle, a question of value, a question an Eritrean identity? Suddenly, the cannon fodder, the ultimate weapon of the incompetent becomes their potent weapon of an attack. Social media is replete of this type of QuyQis, if you will. In the process the enemy within Eritrean proper is forgotten, the friend without – outside Eritrea’s proper – takes more precedence than their countrymen and countrywomen. The befuddlement never ceases to amaze.

            *A lesson from a Horse Facing a Challenge: https://soundcloud.com/user-554794252/vid-20210917-wa0000

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Dr. Beyan,

            1. First, thank so much for sharing the video clip that short but says volumes in value. The message is crystal clear: in adversity physical power does not match the potency and strength of moral. The mere sense that one is not alone to face his/her fate, and gets awareness that there are others of his kind who care about you, releases in him/her so much energy that can does wonders. The sense of togetherness and solidarity in times of adversity and happiness is an essence of sustenance of common destiny at any level of communal life. Thus, this short video clip says volumes about the power of moral whose power may not match physical power. Awareness of presence of creatures of his kind who cared about him had invigorated the moral of the horse which felt was alone to face an adversity, and pulled himself from the morass.

            2. As you are very much aware, anecdotal social stories is inviolable source of history if properly documented. It is in fact the building block of social narrative and make an essential part of the history of a nation whose value and meaning transcends political history which more or less passes what actors in in events want to pass to posterity. While the former preserves authenticity of the facts, the latter gets contaminated by wishes and needs of those who write the history. Social history has got many heroes and heroines in their own rights but political history of warfare and conflicts that span through decades have one of few heroes at the expense of the real heroes who spill blood and sweat. Have hear of the “unknown soldier” deception that nations use to shield the victor. The story of the vanquished is totally a lost cause that deserve no pages in the history books of winner. Just to give you one issue to ponder about, after the unfortunate split in the ELF and emergence of the PLF which later EPLF, there was a debate in some quarters who wanted to cancel out the national sacrifices in live and resources of the period 1961 to early 1970s just because a leader and his companions wanted to go in history pages as launchers of the national armed struggle. Such small matters will tell the difference of collection of social events at root level and what we read as political narrative that involve winners and the vanquished.

            3. In regard to the issue of Dr. Berhanu Nega, there is no way to reduce of the meaning and power the questions he had raised if one would read them in a general framework of what is best for one’s people and country. In the debate that is going on at present in his country should focus on the importance of citizenship loyalty to a common state rather than to dispersed affiliation in cluster entities. His call targets the need to look at national matters through one lens rather than multiple lens as you have stated. If we were to relate such a thinking to our own conditions, it is clear to all of us the scourge of division feeds on covert and overt loyalties that permeate our immature national ethos. We become bookish in our assessing our affairs which when our inner feelings get pricked, we get afflicted a cause of defense and our unassimilated principles of ethos get mixed with our emotions. At that point, we forget that what units us and get involved in what divides, and the latter are of course abundant and ready: religion, region, tribe, clan etc. Dear Dr. Beyan, I continue to insist that what we dealing with is a polity in the making thanks to a ruthless despot and his regime that made us lose three valuable decades and still counting.

          • Beyan Negash

            Kbur Haw Ismail:

            1. What a gem this is. The way in which you elevate the discourse (making it evolve instead of devolving into a shouting match is one chief reason your interlocutors gravitate to engaging you). I don’t know why you don’t consider writing opinion pieces. This is an Exhibit A where you came back with a stellar response in short order. Indeed, the challenge of the horse, a horse-power story. It’s why Eritreans never give in to evil doer. Recently, I saw a video clip in which a young Eritrean woman was compelled to come public about an evil doer who forced her to come out and talk against a certain priest who has been preaching hate against Eritreans who happened to have a belief different than his. She lives in Italy. She said she is going to take the case to the court of law as her lawyer had informed her the priest can be libel based on Italian laws. The moral force of the society in which she grew up in as a person of the good book she couldn’t see herself staying quiet. To borrow your entry, Ismail: “The sense of togetherness and solidarity in times of adversity and happiness are the essence of sustenance of common destiny at any level of communal life.” I saw the young Eritrean woman’s action in such context, faced with a “social morass”, she saw “an adversity”, therefore, decided to use the moral force from within handle the matter via the matter that is at her disposal. Moved beyond words by her straight forward speech.

            2. The young woman’s story, for example, could serve as gem for historians to explore so they may tap into the context of her social and political life of coexistence that she experienced growing up. She does in fact invoke that experience of living in peace with thy neighbor irrespective of their belief system as a source of inspiration for her to move to action. She wasn’t willing to destroy that fond memory by some priest who is motivated by hate – for whatever reason – to wreak social and political upheaval among the people who lived side by side as they kept their religion as a private matter and their social life as a communal endeavor. Again, I wish you write about the distinction that you draw between social history and political history and how they impact our lives.

            Pressed for time here, hope to come with the third point later today. Two days by the standard of virtual communication a bit too long of a wait.

            Many thanks, kbur Haw for such a delightful read

      • Haile S.

        Selam Saleh, MoKsi and all,

        Forget the two you Yemanes, we have an Eritrean from Awate nominated for the Ethiopian ministry of information, and his first introductory article was published at Borkena 2 days ago 😁:
        https://borkena.com/2021/09/22/history-war-eritrea-tigray-and-the-rest-of-ethiopia/?amp

        SGJ, your news bearers are not doing their job. They missed the greatest news of the week! Even Abi is not paying attention.

        On a serious note, it is a great article highlightkng the need to walking for peace and denouncing the propoaganda machines that always keeps us on the negative road.

        • haileTG

          Selamat Moxi,

          And how do you know we were not doing our job? What if some of us (for example, me) saw it 5 min after it was up and read it. እዛ ዘሎን ዘየሎን ገይርካ ክትኮሳትረና ትህንደዳ ዘይትገድፋ? እንተዘይኮይኑ “ኣንታ ባዓል ጻዕዳ-ማዕዳ ተኣለ፡ ፍረኖ’ብላን ሽግለታ” በለና ክትሓልፍ ኮለኻ:-)

          • Haile S.

            MoKsi,

            Your job is not to read for yourself. It is to share. Leave this 03(?) censorship habit 😁
            ፈለማ ትኹስተር ኣይኮንካን! ከም ቁንጪ-ቦጀለ ኩዒትካ ስለዝተቐበርካ፡ ብመኾስተር ኣይትግለፍን። ድሓር ክኣ ንኣኻ ኮስቲረ’ሲ ምስ መን እየ ክላፈን? ሞኽሲ ዝብሎ’ኳ ብዘይካኻ ዘይብለይ!

          • haileTG

            Merhaba Moxi,

            I agree with your desire to be made aware of all the material that comes our way. However, journalistic ethics and best interests of readers are taken into account on what to provide you and what to file away. Based on our past experience, we continue to observe allergy, stress, anxiety, running away from home (forum), anti-social behaviors and the rest by our readers in response to what they read. So, I had a meeting with my boss, Brhan, to suggest my “healthy, processed news for healthy minds in awate land” initiative. He approved it and the early indications are that either it is working or the trouble makers are just exhausted and taking a nap.:-)

          • Haile S.

            MoKsi,

            I am sure you know the ‘Hygiene hypothesis’ that stipulates “a reduction in the frequency of infection contributes directly to the increase in the frequency if autoimmune and allergic diseases”. For a nice summary please read (JF Bach, Nature immunology, 18, 105-120, 2018). This observation occured in the 1990s and an article by GA Rook and JL Stanford captured in well throught their article entitled “Give us this day our daily germs” in Immunology Today in 1998.

            Now if you and your boss cleanse too much the news and present us excessively peeled carrots, javex-washed salade and alcohol soaked steak, of course we will be developing read-immune blepharitis and start scratching our eyes.

            Anyway please continue the service as much as possible without using detergents.

        • Bayan Negash (Abu Al-Shabain)

          Selam Haile S. and all,
          Before I can even reciprocate in kind using Aster Aweke’s song to Gash Abi’s treat, there you have already outed me. AtsabEtkhum siluT koinu. Berhe has already said the matter of the PBN was settled a while ago and he kindly shared the link to the conversation as well. HTG is even acknowledging of the possibility that he may have seen the hidden shimet. Ismail AA has already responded to my entry, all of which I am afraid will have to wait until later tonight.

          Meanwhile, the first one in the whole album is an all time favorite of Aster that I have in mind. I couldn’t locate the single. TGIF. Here it is:

          https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TBkH-fg9DOQ

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Beyan,

            Not settled at all, I was just pointing to the previous discussion so to avoid redundancy.

            I did not have much to say but when I heard his speech, I though we (in Eritrea) at least we have cemented the concept of nationalism beyond our local ethnicity, tribe, region and religion.

            I don’t think we are far off to work towards citizenship and the concept is engrained in our people minds and heart.

            For example, I think for example for most Eritreans, “I am Eritrean” has reached the level of pride like “I am American or I am Italian”, the dividing lines have been blurred and eventually erased.

            I was one of those who did not see the benefit initially when PFDJ redrawn the regions (አውራጃታት) to four administrative zone (zoba Debub, Semenawi KeyH Bahri etc), I think Saay called it “totally unimaginative”. BTW, ras Abi likes the idea of not mistaken knowing what’s happening in his country.

            But now, specially knowing what’s going on in Ethiopia, I think it’s not a bad idea at all. It’s very common to hear today people referring themselves from “Zoba Debub” while at the same time, keeping their ancestral identity in tact (for example during funeral or land rights (ጥሻ መረት).

            Off course there are those who are trying day and night to import from TPLF architected ethnic disease, which I believe is going to deaf ears.

            Please go ahead and give it your thoughts.

          • haileTG

            Selamat Berhe,

            Internal boundaries are always subject to re-organization depending on the political agenda of dominant forces in a country. The Zoba declination of Eritrea’s current internal map is IMO as crazy as PFDJ itself. It definitely will not stand because there are huge problems with it. However, they are imposed as anything else in PFDJ Eritrea. We don’t solve regional antagonism or what have you by stripping off people their traditional region. In fact, there are many questions around them and PFDJ is not a partner to work out its reversal with. In a democratic Eritrea, the Zoba map as it is formulated would create far more conflicts than the older version. This doesn’t mean delineations can’t be made to accommodate and resolve historical problems. But the Zoba are simply forced on the entire country based on flimsy excuse. Imagine how many old songs we have to change to accommodate the new regions instead. Like changing Yemane Baria’s, Bereket Mengistab and many other songs. But PFDJ has never done a single thing right. I even once heard the national currency notes are not actually real money:-)

          • Berhe Y

            Hi HaileTG,

            If it’s good or not, I think the experts can sort out. My point was, if it helps defuse tension and the new generation thinks in terms of nation, nationalism and citizenship then what the traditional names do not mean much.

            But certainly we need to take notes and adapting what’s good and dump what hasn’t worked in others. I can certainly say and by all means, I am against anything that label people which can be used to create unwanted conflicts and animosity.

            In short I don’t want to say like what you wrote, there is this minister from Oromo or that minister from Tigray or this or that.

            I wanted to have a fair system but a political system that needs to self correct for its own benefits.

          • haileTG

            Selam Berhe,

            I understand the intent but if we don’t care about Eritrea’s unique historical make up and narrative, then what would help people understand them? Suppose we call Tigray another zoba and include it to Eritrea, what historical reference can you use against it if Ethiopians and Tigray are OK with it? If we eliminating regional problem can be done with by eliminating designated names, can we have faith 1, faith 2 and solve our religious challenges? BTW Eritrean regional classification is not ethnicity based. The three awraja of highland are one ethic group. One region such as Gash also have different ethnicity. So, Ethiopia case isn’t the same for us.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi HaileTG,

            While all historical aspects of the country and the people and what they value is in tact, all I am saying, I support and want an Eritrea that doesn’t give force me to support someone like be because I am afraid of the other.

            Hanasiem, Seraye, AkeleGuzay, May be it’s not something that’s deep but it’s to some degree source of division among the people as an example.

            I think Eritreans above anything else is what we should strive for, like Americans or Canadians or Israel or Italy. A sense of pride who we are at the same time appreciating our heritage.

            If it make sense that we need to go back and undo then that’s ok as well but we will have other ዋኒን and ዕማምን that we need to worry about.

            Like they are doing in Tigray (even Tigray alone), ዓባይ ትግራይ: ንእሽቶ ትግራይ : ደቂ ዓድዋ : ደቂ ሽረ : ራያ ዶ ገለዶ : ኤርትራ ዶ መረብ ዶ : ዕንክሊል ዘፍርዮ ነገር ዝይብሉ : ዋጋ የብሉን እየ ዝብል ዘለኹ::

            ከም ዝመስለኒ አብ ኤርትራ ሓሊፍናዮ ኢና : ንድሕሪት ንግቶቶሉ ነገር የልን::

            ቢንያም ግርማይ ተዓዊቱ ሆ !
            ዓሊ ሱለማን ጎል የእትዩ ሆ!

            ተወዲኡ::

          • haileTG

            Haha…Thanks for the last cheers! The same here.

            I sure get what you mean. But the way PFDJ did it was real crazy. If I was to deal with the problem you rightly mention (because it doesn’t go well with nation building), I would change identification rules and keep the historic places as is. This means that some one would be called from Seraye if they live and work in Seraye. Once the decide to move, say to Sahil, then they become wed Sahil. More like saying that an Eritrean can claim to be Californian simply by residence. That would kick out identity and keep history. No matter who is Texan now, Texas history doesn’t change. So, better to change the people than the place. But, let’s just say:

            ቢንያም ግርማይ ተዓዊቱ ሆ !
            ዓሊ ሱለማን ጎል የእትዩ ሆ!

            Finito:-)

          • Berhe Y

            Hi HaileTG,

            I think your proposal make sense and hopefully our thinking is elevated to that level in time.

            ጽባሕ ከአ ናይ ድቀንስትዮ ውድድር ጽብቅ መዓልቲ ይግበረልና:: ሆ ክንብል ተስፋ ንገብር::

          • Haile S.

            Selam MoKsi,

            Berhe might have thrown away his gloves, but I am still around. Not yet sleeping.
            እዛ ኣግኣዝያንነት ብጭቕ ዶ ኢላትካ😁? What do you mean by “Suppose we call Tigray another zoba and include it to Eritrea, what historical reference can you use against it if Ethiopians and Tigray are OK with it?”.

            First the case could perhaps have stood up if Italy had colonized Tigray. At least the Agame area administrators had accepted Italy’s administration. And if Italy hadn’t pushed south, it had a chance of enlarging its colony.

            But your sentence appear to be referring to the present time. In that case Eritreans should be the one to accept or reject the inclusion of Tigray. Don’t you think so? Don’t discount us so easily!

          • haileTG

            Merhaba Moxi,

            If you argue before you go to sleep, you’ll have nightmares:-)

            Your suspicion would have turned true if the Agazian were to recognize Eritrea, but they don’t! I think their border is far more complicated and as stated recently (also mentioned by Berhe), even Sumaria, Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt are not spared. I am a humble guy, I should have been more paying attention to the highland Eritrea caste system (vs. Tigray) and used Afar as an example instead-:) [you’ll not be sleeping tonight:-]

            Talking of Kidane Amene’s claim of Mesopotamia (12000BCE and their written history of 3100BCE) and Axum (1 CE), I think it gives it away that Axum, Agazian, Geez all evolved from Arabia. He inadvertently scored own goal:-)

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Haile S.,

            Berhe didn’t throw in his gloves, his job is done. He was successful in designating HaileTG by የተከበሩ ራስ አቢ as የወይነ ተጠባብቂ ሚኒስተር::

          • haileTG

            Hi Berhe,

            Guad Abi doesn’t even have diplomatic relations with Tigray Government let alone designate their Minister. If you heard Dr. Debretsion today, it is easy to see that Tigray and Ethiopia will not have diplomatic embassies in each other’s capital:-)

          • Abi

            ኃይልሽ
            Please disregard Berhe. I never called you ተጠባባቂ ሚኒስትር:: He doesn’t know the difference between ተጠባባቂ and ተስፈኛ::
            The former is deputy, the latter is freelancer.

          • haileTG

            Abichu,

            ተስፈኛ or freelancer (btw good translation) is pretty much all of Tigray. Debretsion was saying that even to landlords and all workers. The question is how much are we going to be paid in backdated cheque.

          • Abi

            ኃይልሽ
            አንተ ወዳጄ ተስፋ አትቁረጥ እንጂ ትግራይ ነፃነቷን ስትቀዳጅ የበጎ አድራጎት የምስክር ወረቀት ይሰጥሃል::
            Nobody can possibly pay you enough for your diligent services throughout the years.

            አንተስ ለነፍስህ እንጂ መች ለስጋህ አድረህ ነው ደመወዝ የሚቆረጥልህ?

          • haileTG

            Abichu,

            ደህና በል ኣንተ ካልክ ይሁን እንጂ፡ እኔ ድሮም ኣፍሪካ ውስጥ ይኼ በኋላ ሂሳብ ይወራረዳል የሚባል ነገር እንቅልፍ ይነሳኛል። የወሰደ እንጂ የመለሰ የማይታይበት ስፍራ እኮ ነው። ኣድቫንስ የቢባለው ሲስተም ቢገባ እንዴት ቆንጆ ነበር:-)

          • Abi

            ኃይልሽ
            Repeat after me three times
            ” ሳይተርፋት አበድራ ሳትቀበል ሞተች”

          • Abi

            ሓውና በያን
            Thanks for the beautiful song. I could not find the original song. Instead, here is an original song by አስቱ ነፍሴ. I believe this song was released in 1971/2 EC.
            https://youtu.be/5GpgOizuQ7w

      • haileTG

        Hey SGJ,

        Alright! Don’t complicate it, it is simple. You have to be under 50 to qualify (unless your name is Sahlewerk and can serve as model of gender equality or you are to lead/work in the military where walking on two legs is the minimum). Our youngest politician in PFDJ is 79 soon to be 80:-) Transition less model is more suited in that case.

    • Brhan

      Merhaba haileTG
      Deacon Daniel Kibere for Ministry of Tourism. Then there is not going to be any tourism specially, form the West, including the US after his racist comment. It is as if Goebbles inviting tourists to visit Germany during WW2.
      ቅልውላው ትግራይ፡ ኣመሪካ ንዘረባ ዲያቆን ዳንኤል ‘ሓደገኛ’ ክትብል ኮኒና
      https://www.bbc.com/tigrinya/58591031

      • haileTG

        Hey Brhan,

        I wonder what the purpose of his continuing to use the prefix Deacon is for him? I mean I have seen many notorious PFDJista Orthodox priests, so I am not surprised by the kind of shenanigans they do under religious titles. However, there is this often overlooked scriptural injunction within the Christian bible. It warns those who scandalize the weak. The weak in religious terms are the ordinary people who are not spiritually enlightened as those dedicated servants of faith. Hence, when the weak sees a disgraceful Deacon, it is natural for him/her to reject the teachings supposed to be passed through such persons of faith institution. In which case, the offense is that the weak has been scandalized by bringing the institution of God into disrepute. Hell is the punishment. Better to abandon the position while he can and his blood is still warm. Phew…that my preaching for the week..haha-:)

  • haileTG

    selamat Awatista,

    For the first time, a sitting Ethiopian state Minister for Finance has called for peace in terms that is markedly different to the the type of peace called by the belligerents (the defeat of the other). He says “guns should fall silent”, could be ceasefire call.

    Eyob Tekalign Tolina(PhD)
    @EyobTolina
    As we work hard to to win peace in #Ethiopia and move forward on our #prosperity path, let there be a collective resolve that there should no longer be war in Ethiopia. As
    @AbiyAhmedAli
    notes, war is the epitome of hell. Guns should be silenced for good.Full effort in building.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Hailat-TG,

      Who will listen to him after all. The war was and is orchestrated by the despotic Eritrean leader. Abiy Ahmed trust Issayas than his colleagues. All his ears are to Issayas. Unless they lost the war, they will continue their senseless war. TDF is marching to Addis Zemen, a town situated in the conjunction of B-22 highway and A2 highway – midway between Bahir Dar and Gonder. In an attempt to stop them they have blown the bridge between lbnat and Addis Zemen, reportedly by the Amara paramilitary forces, similar to what they did Tekeze bridge,

      Regard

    • iSem

      Hi Haile TG:
      That is BS. Am sure you know that. The “@AbiyAhmedAli notes, war is the epitome of hell” gave it away.
      These words should have been uttered and twitted when the guns first sounded. Too late, but not too little as silencing the guns at any time is always good.
      He sounded genuine but he watered it down when he quoted Abiy, the hypocrisy is evident and so is failure of mighty Ethiopia.
      in 1964 Ethiopia sent soldiers with ropes and twines to arrest and tie ELF fighters and they were defeated in a place called Togoruba. A place PFDJ never tells the kids, they teach about Sahel and Nakfa, the locations of torture and dungeouns.To read history is to be humbled

      • haileTG

        Selam iSem,

        You have a point. The State Minister for Finance had a tough week at the IMF getting a good old dressing down and loss of face in front of the lenders (fat cat imperialists:). So, his shocking tweet can be taken in light of that:-)

        • iSem

          Hi TG:
          I understand. I am sorry am a bit cynical than usual, Do not to mean to view everything with a negative lense.

      • Kaddis

        Selam iSem –
        It could be a heads up to rationalise FM Demeqe Mekonen and Feltman’s (Biden envoy ) long meeting in New-York today. Still ongoing.

        What bothers me a lot is ;Eyob is a saint Joseph aluminai, well educated and worked for all the IMF/WB agencies .. my bothering includes Dr Liya ( health minster ) Dr Seleshi the water minister ( ex UN P5 NY based staff ).

        With Eyob we have common friends, he used to be just a regular sensible guy, few years older than me but very sharp. How on earth one cannot submit a resignation ,even faking medical reason, but rationalise this un-principled and inhumane war that uses hunger, rape and hate as a driving force? I just cannot comprehend this. I can understand the ex EPRDFs or the cadres cause working for the government is their “only” choice. But these well educated people?
        this is why its a risk to raise your kids in this society. You don’t know from where this culture of denial gets into them.

  • Dongolo

    Selam all. As is the PFDJ, much of Eritrea’s opposition is getting older and older, so the article could have more aptly referenced an inquisitive grandson or great grandson. And, what happens when that grandson asks what the opposition did all these years to combat the evil empire from their ancestral homeland? Cohabitate and conspire with Eritrea’s mortal enemy the TPLF? Tried topple Ethiopia’s Government under PMAA? Numbers of commenters here have obviously significantly gone down. Is it possible that many simply do not wish to seriously engage in discussions on Eritrean matters in the presence of digital TPLF who is here 24 x 7 and are treated by website mainstays as ‘leaders’? Or can it be that many are frustrated with the surprising and utter lack of transparency associated with the earlier model ch promoted and touted GiE?

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Dongolo,

      On a serious note, and all the partisan prowess aside, what is this “Eritrean Cluster Coordination Approach” you are suggesting? Since you have capitalized the name, I assume it is something that already exists. Would put some flesh on the idea you think can be an alternative to GIE about which we know quite a lot. Ideas can become quite interesting beyond face value level. It is interesting to know what those “clusters” would be built on.

    • haileTG

      Selamat Dongolo,

      Since, Ismail has asked one question on expanding the idea you are floating, I will add a couple more. Feel free to address them together.

      In your opinion, what are the key problems for GiE (need not have inside knowledge, just your opinion)? Do you think they can be worked out? And if yes, how?

      By way of extending Ismail’s question, who do you intend to mobilize for your suggested approach? the existing opposition or draw a new blood from NNNN converts?

      On the TPLF sympathizers or the rest, I am not invalidating your concerns here, but if a problem is to find a solution, an important criteria needs to be met. The criteria is so important that it is worth paying real attention to. Here goes:

      For any problem to have a possibility of a solution, both the problem and the search for the solution must share the same locus.

      What this means in simple terms is that if the problem is hunger, the search for a solution must be seeking food. Hence, the problem and the search for solution share the same locus. If your problem is hunger and you search for water, you may find water but still have the problem of hunger waiting to be solved.

      Now, the problem of Eritrea is lack of basic rights and rule of law. Therefore, the search for a solution should be to struggle for guarantees of basic rights and establishment of rule of law. That would ensure the basic criteria of shared loci. If the problem in Eritrea is as stated and the solution sought is how to secure against perceived threat from TPLF, then the problem and the search for solution are disjointed and you will not solve your basic problem.

      So, your conflating of your disagreements with your suspicion of TPLF and enlarging its role in solving our problems, does nothing other than delay the solution you are seeking to find.

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    PFDJ is holding meetings of its leaders and members. Going by Shabait report, it is unlikely to get info. But, there is no doubt that this meeting is very much to do about the potentially soon to change situation in the country. It follows communications and warnings by the US for the regime to get out of Tigray or face consequences. It is to be expected that following the meetings, these PFDJ members will fan out across the Eritrean citizens at home and diaspora to spew new misinformation and 03 propaganda to get out of the corner they find themselves in. I hope the Eritrean people will be very alert about not lending them ear, anything PFDJ ventured to has only caused ruins for the country and people of the homeland.

    • Ismail AA

      Selam haile TG and all,

      Thanks for diligently following developments and sharing relevant information. This is really ( and along with Brhan) tokens of leadership quality in the interest of common good, which I should appreciate.

      The despot at the helm of the regime in Eritrea has been staging such activities from time to time whenever he felt external, and even sometimes internal, pressures could be played out beyond his capacity to contain them. Habitually, and with arrogance, it is only at that point that he remembers the Eritrean people exist ( inside and in diaspora) whose active support, or even their acquiescence, he needs for whatever action he would take to ensure his power. Then, he would saddle the horses, which under normal circumstance comfortably stay in supplied stable, deploys them to do his bid. Most often than not the lead horse is none other than Alamin Mohammed Said, secretary of the PFDJ. During normal times you do not see him active, do you?

      This time, too, he is the one who presided on the said seminar (!) which appears with the help of the Foreign Minister, Osman Saleh as shown by the pictures Meskeren.net has posted. You do see the Yemane’s, especially the Monkey who is never missed in places where Mr. Osman happens to be. His absence, is an indication the purpose of the seminar is internal, and the allusion to “earnest work for peace” is a façade and meant nothing more.

      The slogan of the seminar says it all. The “Current Political Situation and Consistent Resilience Programs”. The current situation and the need for resilience have driven home the urgency of preparing the people to absorb planned propaganda campaign. The other things mentioned are simply for decoration and for hoodwinking the public. The so-called programs for social and administrative needs of the people theatrics meant to smoke screen the message the regime wants to tell the people that the superpowers (Read: the USA) are again out to destroy us as they have been doing throughout the long eight decades. This time around the regime and its master seem to feel that they need the support of the people more than any time in the past to swim through threatening tempest the gathering on the horizon. The despots know he has over played political and military cards, which have become annoyances in scheme of the powerful powers for Ethiopia and the region.

      Thus, the seminar is a typical subterfuge the Eritrean political arena has been accustomed with, and in fact the dispersed justice and freedom seeker section in it should muster the courage to forcefully counter it. It would be a new calamity that will strike Eritrea’s body politics should the renewed plot will be left to pass in favor of the regime. The Eritrean people not fall in the trap fail to stop at least the diaspora die-hard regime loyalist agents of implementing the plot as happened when the despot had rounded up senior officials of own accusing them of being tools of CIA.

      • haileTG

        Merhaba Ismail,

        Thanks for the kind words, even though I would admit that I am a junior partner to my great friend Brhan on the news side. I does a tireless job translating some sources from Arabic so that we can follow from a wider a perspective. He is the boss:-)

        I agree with what you say and wish to add to what you said on “not falling in the trap”. My main concern is that with the impending withdrawals that might occur in the Western Tigray, the regime is not trying to sell the idea of stationing Ethiopian troops inside Eritrea. That may have dual purpose of availing a security blanket for itself and allowing strategic position for the Amhara forces 9from north and south) against TDF.

        I have little regard to the two Yemane of the regime, as they are seen as nothing more than paper pushers of IA. However, when the likes of Alamin and Osman who are deeply associated with EPLF’s political history have gone this low, it is the tragic display of how the very history we wish to use to for nation building (armed struggle) is in perils. Osman went on international media to deny Eritrean troops being in Ethiopia as late as January when the world knew better. And Alamin had its lowest point at the last interview when he vowed to fight for Ethiopian causes which should be dealt with by 110M Ethiopians than 4 or 5M Eritreans. Hence, these people may be instruments in a dangerous plan of Ethiopian military presence in the country.

        • Haile S.

          MoKsi,

          The week is ending, time to pay the renatl😁.

          On your second paragraph, are you by any chance a member of the TDF-central command? Do you have the two silver stars at the edge of your jacket collars like Kidane Amene who gave the last interview at TMH?

          • haileTG

            ከላለ ዓለም Moxi!

            ኣነ ደኣ ረሲዕካዮ ኢለ ‘ስፔዛ ክገብር እንድየ ወጺኤ:-)

            Any how, as to my concern, it is based of reports “Sources in Asmara suggest the meetings at Asmara Expo site have little to do with the official subject. Rather, the gathering has focused mostly on the war in Tigray and the threat posed by renewed USA sanctions.”

            Coming to the TDF Star awards, እዋእ ንሳቶም ይንሕስዩ ይኾኑ ካባኻ እምበር፡ እዚ ኹሉ ደኺመላ ንTDF ብኽልተ ኮኾብ ከፋኑዉኒ?? ኣይገብርዎን ግዲ። ብዝኾነ ትሕቲ ሓሙሽተ ኮኾብ ኣነ ስለዘይቅበል ከምኡ እንተሓሲቦም ግዚኦም እንተዘይጥፍኡ ይሓይሽ:-)

          • Haile S.

            ሞኽሲ፡

            ንእስማዒል ተቓጺጸዮ፡ ዘረባ ኣብዚሔ እምበር፣

            እዋይ ወርደት፡ ናይ ሎሚ ኣኺባ እውን ኣብ ኤክስፖ እያ ታኻይዳ? ኣነሲ ቦሎፎና ዚንጎ መሳሊ ኮይኑ እንተርኣኹዎስ፡ ሓድሽ ሰሪሕና መስሊኑ ነይሩ። እዛ 1960ታት ዝተሰርሐት ኣደራሽ ኤክስፖ? ሳዋ፡ ዓዲ ሓሎ፡ ዒራ ዒሮ ወዘተረፈ ንሰርሕ ሃገር’ሲ፡ ካን ሓንቲ ዓባይ ኣዳራሽ ወይ ስታድየም ምስራሕ ስኢንና? እዋይ ውርደት! ኢሳያስ ካብ ኤክስፖ ድ’ዩ ትኽ ኢሉ ናብ ሜዳ ከይዱ?

          • haileTG

            ኣንታ ግደፍ ሞኽሲ!

            ምስ መንግስተይን፡ ሰራዊተይን፡ ህዝበይን፡ መዳውብተይ ህዝቢ ኣምሓራን ዓፈርን ከይተባእሰኒ። ሻዕቢያ’ኮ ጎራሕያ ክትፈልጥ። በዚ ሎሚ ዘሎ ዋጋ ቼሜንቶ ኣዳራሽ ሰሪሓ ንወያነ መላመዲ ሚሳኢሉ ክትሃንጸሉ??.. ኤ ኤ… ኣበይ’ለኻ ንስኻ? መራሕቲ ግንባር እኮ ተልሜዴ ናይ ቴስታ ኣይኮኑን:-)

        • Brhan

          Merhaba haileTG
          ትሕሾ!

    • Haile S.

      Selam MoKsi,

      “…lending ear to…” ዝወረዶ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ! When did the Eritrean people lent an ear to the 0X waves since its regime stopped talking with its mouth officially? Who opens shabait pages except you and me? The poor people has forgotten its ears and closed eyes since 2 decades. But it couldn’t close its nose because it needs to respires and is obliged to smell the farts of everykind and everyone including that of the american embassy facebook who lost diplomatic channels and went popular sending gas from behind.

      • haileTG

        Haha Moxi!

        ዝወረዶ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ!?

        Mao Tse Tung once said “Who are our enemies? Who are our friends? This is a question of the first importance for the revolution. The basic reason why all previous revolutionary struggles in China achieved so little was their failure to unite with real friends in order to attack real enemies.”

        You see, Shabait isn’t really where the mouth of the regime is located, it may be the other side you alluded to:-) The mouth of the regime is in social gatherings, casual talks, community centers, 03 and what have you. It operates in clandestine fashion. Shabait is maintained for outsiders or to give a façade of normalcy to outsiders. And, indeed we hope the people will go to social gatherings with shut ears to anything that actually deviate them from efforts of the revolutionaries:-)

  • haileTG

    Selamat Salah A Ahmad and AT translator!

    Thank you for this piece. It is a problem we all face when our children reach of enquiry age. Just to extend the arguments therein, I looked on the following part closely.

    He came with a ton of embarrassments—from the news of the desertion of national the football players, the sufferings of the youth and elderly in Sinai, and mass death of Eritreans on the shores of Libya, and the drowning of refugees in Lampedusa, Italy, and he started to dive deeper into the sea of the involuntary disappearance of Eritrean children and mass escapes, human trafficking…Google should not expose children with such information

    Embarrassment is a rather interesting type of discomfort. The following is its typically understood meaning:

    Embarrassment is an emotional state that is associated with mild to severe levels of discomfort, and which is usually experienced when someone commits a socially unacceptable or frowned-upon act that is witnessed by or revealed to others.

    Now, as the writer shared, we do indeed face such embarrassment when our children find out the truth of life in their native country. So, there should be ” a socially unacceptable or frowned-upon act” that we have committed and is revealed by (google documents) or witnessed by (our children) . Of the three parts of embarrassment: unacceptable act, medium of revelation [google] and witness [Child], the one that is going undiscussed is actually the most critical part that holds the other two together. What is the “socially unacceptable or frowned-upon act” that we have committed? Could the very feeling of embarrassment be our conscience indicting us? Why did we arrive at a point in life where what we have to hand down to our children is a cause of our own embarrassment?

    What are we imagining when we are feeling “embarrassed” and passing the buck to google algorithm? We are imagining the how our children would look at us, how we allowed that to be logged on google docs under our name. We are embarrassed to show how weak we were, how irresponsible we were, how ignorant of we were and so forth. For example, a Tigrayan youth at this time can proudly show his/her child the dangers that the people of Tigray were faced with and what his/her generations did in response. The Ghedli generation in Eritrea could show that for the period of armed struggle. But the post independence generation (as in those of age at the time) have only to show their embarrassed state to their children. Yes, chasing after power, divisions and other squabbles while your fellow people are brutalized is the “socially unacceptable or frowned-upon act”. And history has accurately recorded it. Time has claimed in and our children shall judge us. Embarrassed we should be. Google has done nothing wrong, nor did a child’s inquisitive and curious mind. The problem is the shameful act which completes the three parts of embarrassment: Our Shameful act, Time and Our children.

    Thanks

  • Hawaz Tesfom

    Selam all,

    Why Geberti are accepted in Eritrea while the Tegaru not. Statistically Tegaru did sacrifice more than Geberti did. Geberti arrived recently to Eritrea. They are not native Eritreans that is why they don’t belong to any ethnic group. Instead to be grateful for the refuge they got, they bring unacceptable demands. They are really stolperstein to the rest of the population. In the future they be a huge problem for Eritrea unless the issue is tackled on time!

    Thank you
    Hawaz

    • Metshaf Jigninet

      Hello Hawaz Tesfom,

      I really appreciate people like you and sincerely hope more people with views like yours, and who are outspoken, can grace us with their participation in this forum.

      That said, how long can you trace your tarikh? Do you have documents to verify your origin and unsullied lineage, or is it based on word of mouth? How would Jeberti become a problem for, Eritrea? Please, express your fears and worries, so your readers can understand them and judge if they are valid for themselves.

      Thank you for participating!

      • Berhe Y

        Dear MJ,

        I know you mean good but I don’t think we need to waste time entertaining such question which add no value to our peaceful coexistence.

        A simple response would be “An Eritrean is an Eritrean is an Eritrean”, paraphrasing Canadian PM speech.

        Ethnicity, religion, ጂዕ ፍንጢር (as SJ would say) or ግዛዕ ምዛዕ (as tegaru would say) mean nothing when it comes to a citizenship.

        This ethnicity is TPLF architected disease that if possible need to cure in Ethiopia and should not be transmitted to Eritrea. In other words, I would politely say to Hawaz, mind your own business.

        • Metshaf Jigninet

          Selam Ustaz Berhe Y,

          I get your drift and agree. Eritreans have witnessed the horror of the federal system firsthand in Ethiopia.

          My intention is definitely good and I’m glad you knew it. I want Hawaz to be proud of his identity and heritage. However, it’s also good for him to realise that in this day in age a simple DNA test can lay waste to his dangerous rhetoric for good. Who knows, he might turn out to be more Arab. 😁

        • Abi

          Berhe
          Ethiopians in every corner of the country are fighting ethnic politics . They are uprooting the source along with the symptoms.

  • Metshaf Jigninet

    Selam Saleh Ali,

    Saleh Johar, Saleh Younis and Saleh Ali….auzubillah!

    Beziha do zia shim, Saleh? 666 diablo… Celestesha ayetul kursi enbebu qilmi te deqiso. 😁

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam Saleh Ali & Awatestaff,

    Saleh Ali: Thank you for sharing the story of the inquisitive mind of your son, who tried to discover Eritrea – his ancestors land, and the plight of its people. Yes Eritrea is a “sovereign that makes its citizens disappear within its borders” and a sovereign that repels its sons and daughters who are spared from disappearances and escaped from the wars of adventurism. Good reflection on the plight of our people.

    Awatestaff: thank you for translating it as part of your public service for public awareness.

    Regard