Home / Articles / Post-DC Voices and Identity Politics (Part II)

Post-DC Voices and Identity Politics (Part II)

Introductory note

“Countering dominant and hegemonic narratives is the flip-side of being complicit” (Michel Bamberg 2004). [i]

In my part I, I promised that I was going to do rhetorical analysis on DC Yiakil Boito based on (mis)representation its detractors.  Given the gravity the of the subject and its consequences one feels obliged to react to such inflammatory discourses in a not too lightly fashion.  Also considering the timing and the seriousness of the matter, challenging the kinds of vitriolic attack against civic society activist individuals is the right thing to do.  For this reason, I believe countering a dominant narrative will positively contribute towards a unified narrative, lest I become an accomplice as Bamberg (2004) suggests.

Countering dominant narratives will call for a detailed analysis for testing the truth value of the central argument, which will be a cumbersome task.   For one thing as mentioned earlier the volume of online the oral discourse is massive and time consuming.  That will also mean indulging in vigorous scrutiny of the statements, assertion, presumptions, allegations, and most importantly the veracity of what is told and re-told version of events around the formation of US Yiakel at DC.

But a show of rhetorical acrobatics is what readers will find least interesting; and getting locked in protracted exchanges is not what I want to do.   That might as well be construed as an ad hymenium attack against an individual.

That said, it would be a mistake and hypocritical to ignore the elephant in the room. In order to arrive at a unified national narrative that is more accommodating and civilized as it is more instructive that we take stock from our modern political history.

In Part I, I gave only a snapshot of what transpired during the summer. Now that the attack against DC Baito Yiakel seems to have gradually abated, and the language toning down, I found it essential to pick on the non-trivial element of the of identity politics being played out.

A suspect community

Generally speaking, our perception of reality has been constrained by our background knowledge and the way we pass judgments on one another.  The Eritrean modern political history is fraught with competition for power.  It is particularly nurtured by Isais and his group, who prescribed for us a catalogue of concepts and ideas, mental models calibrated and made available for our use.   We seem to have unfortunately internalized the language of the culture setters that created “martyrs” and “heroes” as much as it did with “patriots”, “defeatist”, “fifth columnist” “hasus” or “jasus” and “kebilawi”. Some of these words are coded and meant to appeal to a section of the society at the expense of the other.   It is typically Stalinist language that hastily turns the accused into a monster.

True as it is, once one is engaged in political discourse, and going by Eritrean political discourse to date, it is about denigrating the “other’s” role and embellishing ones’ own. And, Mr KH presents himself as advancing nationalist-patriotic ideals as opposed to the narrow, tribal, with cliquish, self-serving agenda of his opponents.  This is a simple virtue signalling: the emphasis on nationalism is a simple way to distracts from the fact you are really saying you are more nationalist than the other.

The conflict developed, we are told, one incident trigged another. An argument goes X bullied a DC sub-committee into submission at the behest of Y, allegedly getting the said sub-committee to take a bad decision.  Apparently, the person making such claims owes us much more compelling evidence rather than just suggesting, us the listeners , to “connect the dots”, to discern the link between some inflammatory repetitive በለካ……በለካ (hearsay) soundbites as the outcomes of US Yeakel Baito.

While we are still on this matter, it is important to consider the physical proximity of person making the claims in relation to where the actions and events are taking place. Lives are lived while stories are told.  But, if a significant chunk of what we are made to believe is reported, gotten from others or re-told there is a satisfactory reason to doubt it veracity.

Simply regurgitating PFDJ’s worn out propaganda doesn’t help either.  To claim that the US Yeakel Bait is exposed to an external influence is to repeat what PFDJ has exactly been doing for ages and failed at. For them every issues of human right are about a matter is view as matter of national security and religious fundamentalism posing “national security threat” to Eritrea (Shabait 11/10/2017)”. [ii]

The worst part of this campaigns is the intense fanning of fear and suspicion against “a suspect community” in exactly the same manner that the PFDJ has been doing.    Invoking the name of Isaias should be the last thing to do. By mimicking “those who have fallen prey to foreign plot are from some limited localities” one clearly falls into the pitfall of logical fallacy; an extreme argument that will only produce its own boomerang.   And negatively characterising a section of an Eritrean Highland community is not only counterproductive but also provocative.   Beyond demonizing the “other” it is a clear attempt at trying to normalize what Isais and his group had routinely used.

Finally, it a brazenly cynical jibe thrown by KH that captures our attention.  In a rather sarcastic tone, MK further indicates the area where this “clique” hails from.  A dialectal variety that is specific to one region/ Awaraja in highlands of Eritrea helps him identify this community in question. (Have a listen at 4:15-4:40 minutes mark). [iii]


In my general opening I introduced how discourse shapes socio-political dynamics and the ways that they are circulated and reproduced matters a lot. But the problem is more complicated than it appears to be.

Going back to idea of identity politics, the crux of the matter has much more to do with “politics” than “identity”.  It is about narratively and politically constructed identity than a scientifically established one. The case at hand revolves around the Tigrinya Highland community. Ironically, in terms of the social and cultural identity it is the most homogeneous without much distinction to speak of.

Whoever tries to prove that people from one locality are more patriotic that the other or, conversely, one is less provincial, they are wasting their time. And If we believe such a problem exists, one can argue that it is evenly distributed across the regions – no one is better that the other.  Coded negative attribution used by Isaias have no appeal anymore.  I call this more of a socially constructed identity positioning, which gained some currency in the post-2001 political crisis.

Our obsessions with the revolution “being hijacked” speaks much about the need for trust building projects. It is high time to reflecting on the extent to which we are being influenced by some of the historically transmitted ideas. Unless we start to pull out of Isais’s induced mindset and start to imagine an Eritrea without him not much headways in sight.

The Eritrea we imagine will be a significantly changed world. New realities will require us new ways of to understanding actions and events, hence, new paradigms. In the Eritrea we imagine, population dynamics of dislocations, relocations, demographic profile, Diaspora vs home-county, question of equality, land-tenure, elite vs the populations they claim they represent, etc.  as well as related transitional issues will have to be properly articulated.

But, the elites and counter-elites are not without their ambitions.  They find it easy to make “a priori” statements i.e. with least effort to confirm the veracity of matters.  Add to this the speed and spread of the inflammatory rhetoric being reproduced in Eritrean social media. Unlike the traditional journalism of yesterday, the social media, is such an unregulated space devoid of the filtering function exasperating the propagation of untruths.

In conclusion, the rightness value of such exercise is to be left for everyone to make a judgment on.  I don’t, in any way, advocate silence or downplaying issue classified by some as ‘sensitive’.   The question remains though how, at what level and when?  if there is sufficient reason for us to believe that these matters impede our fight against tyranny, then there should be no reason for them to be tabooed.   Incidentally, a few down-to-earth individual citizens can be seen seeking some way of understanding the problem, and their modest attempts are to be appreciated.  But the process of building a national consensus is about walking it together- collectively building a coherent narrative around our multiple and competing identities. Eritreans deserve more than the kind of exchanges of toxic soundbites that we have witnessed recently. Yiakil!


1. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Michael_Bamberg/publication/283913071_Considering_counter_narratives/links/576e81bc08ae0b3a3b79c9e1/Considering-counter-narratives.pdf

2 http://www.shabait.com/section-blog/40-editorial/24942-the-politics-of-religion

3 .https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v9TXuShW7E0 ( 4:15-4:40 minutes mark). 

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Of Guerrilla Diplomacy and Granary Courtship (ኩሽማን ደርሆ ኣብ ኣፍ ቆፎ) on Eritrean American mask-less …

  • Berhe Y

    Hi mokie,

    I think you have more inside information so I would not disagree with you. But I think IA (I can’t stand to call him President), must be the most disloyal person in the face of the earth. I will give you a couple of examples:

    1) When Libya was bombed and Gaddaffi was in trouble, IA never issued a statement condemning the bombing of Libya. Gaddafi pampered him with millions of dollars when he had no body to be friended with. Other African leaders of other countries have taken a stand against the bombing and stood up to the West. He is blood sucker.

    2) I don’t know what type of relationship he had with Iraq and Saddam, but knowing the history of the middle east and their support to Eritrean liberation movement, I would not be surprised Iraq has contributed significantly. He had no business to go out of his way to side with the Americans and did what he did and said what he said. He is pure hypocrisy.

    What ever was his reason to hate Americans (with the exception of the guy you mentioned, he probably liked him because it was easy for him black mail him (if what he was accused was indeed true, he likes people with shady past) but I see no reason to hate people from a whole continent. But his hate is probably to do with what true Americans stand for, freedom, liberty and the peruse of happiness.

    These ideals do not in any form inline what IA stands for and I am afraid, that’s is probably why he hates them indeed.


  • Peace!

    Hi All.

    Just finished listening to Salih’s interview with SBS Amharic. I think it is not fair to hold Dr. Abi responsible for the peace between Eritreans and DIA. In fairness, what counts is that there is a relative peace between both countries. the failure of Eritreans to unite themselves and solve their own problems should not be an impediment for foreign leaders to look for their interests. If It was normal for TPLF to divided and dismantle genuine Eritrean Oppositions for its own interest, what makes this any different?

    The potential threat to Eritrea are Eritreans themselves.


  • mokie berhe

    Salam All. TPLF MYTH: Badme triangle is a barren, dusty and useless piece of land. TRUTH: Badme triangle remains one of the very few areas in Eritrea where a large scale reservoir can be constructed utilizing the Mereb River. Reservoir water stage levels on the upper end would even reach near south of Shambuko with dam construction some 30 kilometers southwest.This would enable huge irrigation projects to be undertaken.

  • mokie berhe

    Salam All. Not sure what is going on with the U.S. and Eritrea these says. Signals are really mixed. The U.S. sent a Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labour and the Office of International Religious Freedom mission to Asmara late last month; it was a surprise that they were allowed to come, The GoE is now allowing the US Embassy in Asmara to upgrade its communications systems; something they would never permit in recent years. Low keyed US missions have recently visited Assab where shore cranes are now up and road construction continues by way of Assab-Bure. Some from the US Embassy are now saying that an ambassador may finally be appointed as the US. Is keen to have a presence on the Red Sea.

    • Berhe Y

      Hi mnokie berhe,

      You said “PIA don’t like Americanos”.

      This is not true, he doesn’t like when they question him but he bend backwords to have their support. Give you few examples:

      1) When Bush come to power he congratulated him. Not only that his people were campaigning day and night for Bush to win so that hoping they US will have different view against him.

      2) He signed the coalition of the willing. When Rumsfield come to Asmara and told him “US should have removed Sadam long time ago”.

      3) He was paying a US lobby firt 50K per month in order to lobby the US government to have base in Eritrea. US chose Djibouti.

      4) His ambassador to the US (Ghirma Asmerom) said in VOA, that the US should use Eritrea for it’s based. He went further and said, Eritrea landscape is similar to that of the Afghanistan and it can be a good training for the US forces.

      Not to mention the visit he had to Kagnew Station and the contact he use to have with the Americans starting the 70s.

      Can you please go to each point and verify that this is not the case?

      As to why he is allowing the visit of the US delegates..I guess his last days are coming….


  • Consolation


    Did anything of note happen in DC that we did not witness over the past 20 years in Mekele, Gondar, Addis or Hawassa? To paraphrase Ilhan Omer, “some people held a meeting in DC”. I can’t, for the life of me, see anything unusual about that that should occasion a follow-up analysis, and in two parts.

    ዘይምዕሩይ ምዕሪት
    The Unbalanced Equation

    በቲ ሓደ ወገን፥ በዓል ዘርሞ ዘርሙ
    እቶም ዝሓመቑ፥ እቶም ዝደኸሙ
    ኲናት ሕድሕድ ወሊዖም ሱዳን ዝሃደሙ
    ቃልሲ ከቢድዎም፥ ንወጻኢ ዝሳገሙ
    ክሕደት መሪጾም፥ ንጸላኢ ዝሰለሙ
    ብስራሕ ወጺኦም፥ ህዝቦም ዝጠለሙ
    ዕስራ ዓመት፥ ንወያነ ዝኸደሙ
    ንነፍሲ ወከፎም፥ ተመርመርካ ጸገሙ
    ብዙሕ ከይገንጸልካ፥ ትረኽባ ታሕማሙ
    ወይ ሃዲሙ፥ ወይ ሰሊሙ
    ወይ ጠሊሙ፥ ወይውን ከዲሙ
    ንሶምዮም ዘዕገርግሩ፥ እቶም ዝቝዝሙ
    ይኣክል ዘህተፍትፍ፥ ስዓል ዝሓመሙ
    በቲ ካልእ ወገን፥ መስትንክር ዝፈጸሙ
    ወረርቲ ዘምከኑ፥ ንኹሉ ከከም ሽሙ
    ንቐይሕ ኮኸብ፥ ኣብ ሳሕል ዘጸለሙ
    ንመብረቅ እዚ፥ ከይበረቐ ዘቕሃሙ
    ንውቃው እዚ፥ ሕሪ ሕራይ ዝሃረሙ
    ንናደው እዚ፥ ኣንዲዶም ዝደርዓሙ
    ንመንጥር እዚ፥ በብሓደ ዝለቐሙ
    ንባዕዲ ካብ ባሕርና፥ ፈንቂሎም ዘስጠሙ
    ክሳብ ኣዲስ መሪሾም፥ ቃልሲ ዝዛዘሙ
    ናጽነትና ክውሓስ፥ ምእንቲ ክፍርሙ
    ንወያነ መሪሖም፥ ኣብ ስልጣን ዘኾደሙ
    ተኣምር ዝፈጸሙ፥ ዓለም ዘስደመሙ

    ኣመሎም ኰይኑ፥ ተጋሩ ምስጠለሙ
    ተሃንዲዶም ምስ መጹ፥ ንኤረይ ክጕህሙ
    ኣብ ሰለስተ ወራራት፥ ብርኮም ዝቐርሰሙ
    ለብሊቦም ለብሊቦም፥ ውዕል ኣልጄርስ ዘፈረሙ

    ብኲናት ምስፈሽለ፥ ዘራያት ዓዲሙ
    ሽፋን ክኽወንዎ፥ ዕሱባት ዓሊሙ
    ያኢ ሓቢሮም፥ ህዝብና ከዳኽሙ
    ን ኤርትራ ክቐትልዋ፥ ልዕልነታ ከቕህሙ
    ወያነ ምስ ከደምቱ፥ ክንደይ ዘይኣለሙ

    ርብርብ ዕስራ ዓመት፥ ዓሚ ተዛዚሙ
    ወያነ ተገሊፉ፥ ስልጣኑ ኣኽቲሙ
    ሕልሚ ዓባይ ቲግራይ፥ ከም ሽምዓ ቅሂሙ
    ምስኡ ዝተሳዕሩ፥ እቶም ዝኸደሙ
    ነቶም ዝሰዓሩ፥ ዓወት ዝደጊሙ
    ነናብስ ሳሕል፥ ናይ መቐለ ደማሙ
    ይኣክል ክብልዎም፥ ንመን ዘየገረሙ
    እዚ ኹሉ ውርደት፥ እንታዩ መርገሙ
    ይኣኽለና ዘይብሉ፥ ሓንሳብ ዘይልብሙ


    • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ


      ጠፋሽ “ጠፋሽ” ክብለካ ኸሎ
      እንታይ ትብሎ?
      ተዛሪቡ ስለዝኽእሎ
      ዝፈለጠ መስሎ
      ከምቲ ኣርሓ ዓዲ-ሓሎ
      ብልጫ ናይ ኦስሎ
      “ብሉ-ለበል” ይጭልጦ ብሳንኬሎ
      ኮንሰለሽን እዝንኻ ይሰርሕ ደሎ?

      ዝጸሓፍካዮ ብግምጥልሽ
      ምሓተትኩኻ ግን ኣበይ ከይትምልስ

      ብሓንጎልካ ክትሓስብ ‘ተትጅምር
      ገዛ ህግደፍ ካብ ምኹሕኳሕ ‘ተትብኩር

      መን ምዃንካ ምፈለጥካ
      ሰብ ከምዝኾንካ
      ዘኪርካ ምሰምበድካ

      ክንደይ ግዜ ክትከውን ኣገልጋሊ
      ከም ሓደ ተዛራቢ በቕሊ
      ክንደይ ግዜ ክትእዘዝ
      ካብ ሓደ ናብ ሓደ ክትነጥር ከም ነቐዝ

      ሰብ’የ በል
      ይኣክል በል
      ጸገም ከምዘለካ ተቐበል

      ስገራ ታ ናይ ባርነት ጽርግያ
      ‘ታ ብማዕዶ ትርእያ
      ናብ ልብኻ ተመለስ
      ሓርነትካ ከም ሰብካ ክትርእያ
      በል ከም ብጾትካ ክፋያ

      • Consolation


        ኣይተ መሃንድስ ምዕባለ
        ተጸሪፈ ካብ በለ
        ካብ ተኣመነ፥ ካብ ተቐበለ
        ምዃኑ ድሙ መቐለ
        ክደግመሉየ፥ ቲ ኣብ ላዕሊ ዝተባህለ

        በቲ ሓደ ወገን፥ ዝ ሃደመ ዝኾብለለ
        በቲ ኻልእ፥ ንደርጊ ጸራሪጉ ኣብ ኣዲስ ዝጸምበለ
        በቲ ሓደ ወገን፥ ብተረፍ ጸላኢ ዝተዓንገለ
        በቲ ኻልእ፥ ንወያነ ኣብ ሰለስተ ወራራት ዘፍሸለ
        በቲ ሓደ ወገን፥ ዕስራ ዓመት ንወያነ ዝሸቀለ
        በቲ ኻልእ፥ ኣረብሪቡ ንወያነ ዘግለለ
        በቲ ሓደ ወገን፥ ደማሙ መቐለ
        በቲ ኻልእ፥ ኣናብስ ሳሕለ
        መን ዩ ንመን ይኣክለ ዝብለ
        እቲ ዝተሳዕረ፥ ቲከዳሚ ትዝፈሽኮለ
        ውይስ ዝሰዓረ፥ ሕልሚ ዓባይ ትግራይ ዝቐተለ?

        • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

          Selamat con-sol

          ፍልጠት-ኣልቦ ከይብለካ
          ትሕንጥጥ ከም ዓለምካ
          እንተኾነ ካብ ሓንጎልካ
          ምጥቃም ካብ ኣበኻ
          እንታይ ክብል
          ምሕረት የውርደልካ!

          ዓለም ረሲና ተተባህለ ወያነ
          ማይ ክረምቲ ተነቒጹ ወያነ
          ዝዓበዩ ወያነ ደኣ በዓል የማነ!

          ብዓቢኡ ኳደረ-ዓዲ ኣያኻ-ኢሳያስ
          ጎረቤት ከዲፍካ ገዛኻ ምምላስ

          ወያነ ናይ ኤርትራ ማለትካ ተኾይኑ
          ሃገርና ከጥፍኡ ስሚ ዝኽሽኑ
          ኣብ ክንዲ ኣስቤዛ ደቂ ሰባት ዝኽዝኑ
          ናይ ጥፍ ኣት ደያኑ
          ከም በዓል ንስኻ ባጎኒታት ሒዞም
          እንታይ ከይስእኑ

          ክሓተካ ‘ዶ?
          ዓርኪ ገበነኛታት ምኻንካ ትመርጽ
          ንሳቶም ክሓጥዩ ንስኻ ትርህጽ
          የሕዋትካ ክጠፍኡ ከመይ ዘይትድንግጽ
          ደም ንጹሃት ከመይሉ ክነቅጽ
          ንስኻ ትስዕቦ ኣያኻ ዜጋታትና ይቖርጽ
          ከም ዕንጨይቲ ኣራእስ ሰብ ይፍልጽ

          ኣበይ ኬዱ ሕልናኻ
          ዶ ዋላስ ዞም ርጉማት የሕዲጎሙኻ
          ካብ ከምዝስ ተዘይትፍጠር በኻ
          ካብ ምጐሃይ ምደሓኑ ስድራኻ

    • Haile S.

      ሰላም ደበሶም፡

      ይኣክል ይብል ናይዚ ጽሑፍ መልእኽቲ
      እንታይ ኣለዎ እንተመሎቖካ ሓቂ ዋላ ሳሕቲ

      ዓደየ ዓዲ ጀጋኑ፡ ዓደየ ዓዲ ጀጋኑ
      በዓል መንዮ ዝጠለሙ
      በዓል መንዮ ዝሃደሙ
      ክንብል መልሓስና ጎልዲሙ
      ስለ ዘለዉ እኮ እዩ! ኣይኮነን ድዩ?
      ሰላማዊ ህዝቢ ጅሆ ሒዞም ውላዱ ዘህድሙ

      እወ እቲ ስርዓት ኣብ ዓዘቕቲ ዝሰጠመ
      ነጻነት ነፊጉ ዜጋ ዘኸደመ
      ኣማራጺ ኣስኢኑ ዶብ ዘሳገመ
      ዜጋ ብሰጥ-ለጥ-በል ዘህደመ
      ዜጋታተይ ውሰዱ እንሀውልኩም እናለ ንወያነ ዝዓደመ
      ዓሶ ከጥፍእ ቀሪበ እናለ ክነሱ ንኹሉ ለኺፉ ዘሕመመ

      • Consolation

        Haile S. (Sillasie?)

        ቆልዓ ከመኽኒ ምስ ደለ
        ድሙ በሊዓቶ ዕዮ ገዛይ እንተለ
        ኣይተሓዘሉን፥ ኰይኑ ዘይበሰለ::

        ማዩ ዝሰተየ ከም ኣቶ ሃይለ
        እቲ ዝህደመ እቲ ዝኾብለለ
        ዝኸድዐ፥ ናብ ጸላኢ ዝዘምበለ
        ዕስራ ዓመት ንወያነ ዝሸቀለ
        ኮልፖ ናይ ሻዕብያዩ እንተበለ
        ኣየምሕረሉን ንሓደ ሽማግለ
        ከመኽኒ ብቐሚሽ ኣደይ ተሓንኲለ
        ቲሓቂ ምረኸቦ፥ ብዙሕ ከይገንጸለ
        ቲክሕደት፥ ከምይ ከምዝማዕበለ

        • Haile S.

          ሰላም ደበሶም፡

          Consolation እንድዒ እንታይ ከምዝጨለጠ
          ማይ፡ ስዋ፡ ሜስ ገና ነይተፈልጠ
          ዝፍለጥ ግና ኣፍልቡ ብኤሱ ከምዝሓበጠ
          እንዳርኣየ ኣይርኣኹን፡ ኣሉ ንኹሉ ኣብኡ-ዘፍለጠ
          ስርዓቱ ዘኾለሶ ፍትፉት ይኹን ድኹዒ ስቕ’ሉ ውሓጠ
          ሰብኣዊ ሚዛን ጠፊእዎ ኣበይ ከምዝተቐመጠ
          ትኽ-ትንፋስ ወያነ፡ ሎሚ ሓውሲ ጸላኢ ዝተለዋወጠ
          ወያነ ዓርክኻ እፈልጦ ኣባኻ ካይተገልበጠ
          ምስ ዝጥዕሞ ዝሓድር፡ እምነት ዝረጥረጠ
          ኣሕዋት ኢና እናበለ በጽፋሩ ኣዒንቲ ዝሓንፈጠ

          በደል ኣይሕባእን’ዩ ብ”ንሰርሕ ኣለና”፡ ብምትዕብባጠ
          እንትርፊ እሱራት የለን ዝተሓብአ ሓቂ ኣብ ኤርትራ ውሻጠ

  • Brhan

    Hello Chefena,
    Thank you for the article. Your analysis to address the DC Yiakil Boito can be a lesson to others not to repeat the same mistakes. The DC Yiakil Boitio as I see it has attracted more attention than the others not only because it is better than the others with regard to its capacity , both quantitatively and qualitatively but also to the initiatives it took in a short period , among which the forming of the Baito stands at the peak.
    I also realized that your effort is to send a message that justice seekers focus on the goal : ending dictatorship in Eritrea, while achieving other objectives such addressing some of what you have called the new realities but not at the expense of the goal.
    I personally witnessed this when I attended the Canada wide Yakil meeting , where many of the speakers addressed the realities while highlighting the goal.
    The issue has always been the PF(JD) exploiting the realities to prolong its power and it has come with new methods of exploitation: localities .

  • Hey Doc,

    what was it about rhetorical analysis again? I forgot.


    • chefena

      Well you people decided to digress from the topic.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Dr Chefena,

        I wish the moderator controls the debate in order to keep us within topic. Most of the time detractors bring unrelated issues to divert us from the subject at hand. Usually, forumers discuss on unimportant issues, especially when the subject at hand is complex in nature.

        • chefena

          That is fine Amanuel. I only replied to Gi tSAtSE’s prompt.

      • Selamat Doc,

        In sifting through the mountains of the media here is one that is consistent with the topic. I will share a link below. But first,

        Prior to PM Abiy AHemed’s winning of the Nobel Peace Prize and the previous days ye Itiopia Andinet Park I gave you my initial reaction to your part 2 of the topic. Though I would like to read your reaction to my initial response, which is for you to expand your scope of view beyond the DC Yiakl event, should you decide not to I do have a newer and evolved approach to your thesis. Along with numerous examples of the data available, and you are right it is cumbersome to do sift through let alone do critical detail analysis on, but I will share what I have managed extrapolate and more clearer understanding pertaining the Yiakil movement.

        The digression from the topic is not only justifiable but is further data that clarifies the overall view I personally have on Yiakil as well as the issue of identity. You have put quite a few parameters from which I extrapolated what I believe to be limitations both to a yet to be defined “central argument” and unfortunately also yet to be defined collective or united objective. You yourself left this open with an ambiguous reference to being a flip side to complicity. Notice if you will now the parameters or limitations Gheteb put on his play. There are similarities between your rhetorical analysis and Gheteb’s play including the level of sophistication. However, It is my understanding with confidence I can point out that both of you did not respect your own parameters. Both in your rhetorical analysis and his play you both had your own respective reasons and or objectives you intended to accomplish. For now I will just thank both of you the path I am on now, which is to come back and address all the rhetoric – I have started an article, I think, because the terrain at Awate I believe it to be personally mine and it is worth fighting for.

        I wanted to add the following before I post the link:
        Memhir Mez’s feedback to you is from an eagles eye perspective with regards to identity with sincere compassion for the Eritrean identity and or Eritrean nationalism. The latter not being Mez’s concern understandably.

        I have a hint for your consideration Doc regarding the following video. And the hint is Beles.



        Gi tSAtSE

  • ብለስ ዘ ፒስ ትራይፓትሪየት ስሉስ ቁዱስ
    ብለስ ዝ በልስ
    በልስ በለስ በለስ


    ኢኔስ ኣንተስ ንብላ የ ማን በለስ የመፍለስ ድምጹ ፈስ


    ጃይ ጻጸ Gi tSAtSE

  • Selamat,

    Read this and then watch the video for comic relief:

    yEHdego kab gemagim gemgem baHri XeHay weyy Wedi Diego
    kem nay Zula NYC Digo

    abey Ala ita bella
    ita villa
    Aha. Kampala

    Pork and Misery porko Miseria
    baጠራ ተረሳ
    ማ ማ ማ ማ ማ ማርያ
    ኣብተሕቲ ታሕቲ መተርኣስ
    ከም ሰበኽ ሳግም
    ‘ክንዲ ከም ቀደም ካብ ድጋም
    ሰልሶ ሰሉስ ሶሉስ ይሃድም
    ይሕባአ ጸሓይድይጎ
    ኮፍ ከይበለ ይበልዕ ጉቦ ይስጉድ ጎጎ

    ራሄላ ‘ቤላ ኣበይ ኣላ
    ንዕኒ ‘ባ ንዒ ንካምፓላ
    ዕዳ ዓድይ ‘ሲ ዋጋ ቸንቶ ሰታንታ ኦቶ ኢምፓላ
    ይመስገን ሓምዳን ሓሚድ ኤኮ ላላ ኤኮ ላላ

    ኣይ lol’ed በቲ ታለንት በዓል ነፋሒቶ ካሚልያን
    ኢዘይ ላጂን መላይኢን ከቲሪን

    ማ ያዕጂቦም ሓባ ሓባቴን ተጉለይ ኢንታ ተላታ
    ኣንታ ሰላጣ ኣንታ
    ቁስጣ ወ ቁስጣ
    ኣቡ ሰልዓ የ ጣጣ መላጣ

    በዓል ገመል ዝስሕል ኣብ ሳሕል ዝውዕል ዝተክል ኣጓብዝ ዝምውል ኣደልዲልዎም ሃኒጹ
    ኢዩ ድልድል …… ዕድልካ ኢዩ ሽሻይካ ዕድል
    ኣነ ኢየ ኢዚ ድምጸይ ኢዩ ድምጺ ጃሽዋ ዝኣከብኩ ዝተርነፍኩኹም ዝመሃርኮ ዘፈልፈልኩ ፍልፍል
    ካብ ኢሰያስ ዘይ ብዓል ላዝ ኣፍ
    ብዳን ዝጨኑ ትንፋሱ ከም ጎሓፍ
    ኣብ ዝረኣየኒ ምስሉ ብፍርሒ ዝሕርፍፍ
    አወ ዝመስል ድሁል
    ካብኡ ኣነ ሃብቲ ሃገር ክምንጥል
    ህጻናት መንአሰይ ብሉጻት ክምልምል

    ድምጻዊ ወደ ኣስመራ ጀማል
    ሳንታ አስቱዲዮ ሆዘ ሱሩ ድየጎ ኣቐብል
    ካምፓላ ኣልቤርጎ ተዓሉ ተዓል

    But I digress… ስጋይ ኣልዕሎ መግደፍ ዓድል
    ስተዮ ናይ ዊኖና ቪኖ ውንኖ ኣለካ ዘጥረኻዮ ኣመል

    ሓቅኹም ሓቅኻትክን ሓቁ ሓቅኻ
    ኣብ ዘዝጥዕመካ
    ሞል ሕብራውያን ዶኾኪን ሞላት ከፊትካ

    ብሎው ዘ ዊሱል ፊጽ ንፍሓዮ ፊስካ

    ይርዳኣኒ ኢዩ ጸግም ኩሉ ጸገምካ ንፋሕ ፊስካ ንፋሕ ፊስካ
    ተጠቐም አንቛዕ ተጠቕምካ

    ኣነስ ኣይተጸበኹን ማዕጾ ሴርካ…….. ናይ ካሳ ብላንካ

    ፕለይ ኢት ኣጌን ሳም …. ፖርስማመንተ ተዕሉ ተዓሉ ንሕና ሳክኒን ፊ ካሳ ብላንካ


    ሃሁ ናይ ወዲ ካሳ…. ዲዩ ሽርካ ናይ ሽዋ?

    ጃይ ጻጸ Gi tSAtSE

  • Hameed Al-Arabi

    Ahlan Awates,

    Abie Ahmed has the knowledge, and skills to win a Nobel prize, however, Isaias lacks it all. He knows to kiss his hands and beat his chest. If he appeared in the international arena, we would hear ወሪጥካና : ንስኻ ተዛረብ : እንታይ እየ ክብል : you embarrassed me. I have given you all my responsibilities you represent me. Really, it will be a great shame for Eritreans if Isaias represented them in front of those who grant and won the Nobel prize. He is a big ZERO – a way back below the standard.


    • Simon Kaleab

      Selam Hameed,

      Isaias can do anything he wants with Eritrea. What are you able to do other than shouting and crying until your eyes are red?

      • Hameed Al-Arabi

        Ahlan Kaleab,

        It is clear you failed to control your composure in front of my comment. Your defense for Isaias confirms that you are one of his agents. Haile Selassie, Mingustu, and their likes made all that they could do; however, they lost everything at the end of the day. Your icon – Isaias – will also lose the fake history he has built for decades. Did you watch your image in the mirror? That is the devil. Also, you could watch the Agazian leaders – Isaias and Tesfassein – for the same purpose.


        • Simon Kaleab

          Selam Hameed,

          So, you are confirming that you are unable to do anything against Isaias other than shouting, crying and hoping?

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Kaleab,

            I will always make you mimic a couple of words like a parrot.

            Success is interwoven in mind before on the ground.


          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Hameed,

            Lame excuses, as usual.

            You are just addicted to ranting.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Simon,

            You seems to always suggest that, because Eritreans are not resorting to carrying arms to fight Isayas that they are incapable of removing him.

            Just to remind you, you thought the TPLF were invincible when young Oromo were “shouting, crying and hoping” as well.

            The people of Sudan, “shouted, cried and hoped” and put AlBashir in prison.

            The people of Haiti today are “shouting, crying and hoping”.

            We know you wanted Eritreans fighting each other and killing so that your god Isayas can stay in power.

            That will not happen. Stay toned what the young Eritreans are doing.


          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Berhe,

            Every society and every oppressive regime have their own characteristics. So the experience of other countries will not necessarily work with our realities. For us knowing the character of the regime, we should determine the nature of our struggle. The truth of the matter is, inside Eritrea we can not make peaceful struggle nor are we ready to initiate army struggle. But the disappearance of our people by the flagrant action of the regime continued without deterring it from the so called resistance force. We are only crying without any action to save our people. Success without commitment and sacrifice is not tangible.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Amanuel,

            I think we have had this discussions before and there seems no reason that we need to disagree.

            Action or plan or strategy or what ever we call it, needs to come from us and that’s what’s been happening.

            Simon seems to always dare us to pick up arms and fight the regime and short of that his attitude is “shut …th up”, that’s what I am responding too.

            I can say with honesty, the momentum of fighting the regime has been increasing and it’s getting better by the day, and it’s not because of this or that but because of our collective efforts.


          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Berhe,

            I still have to see the fight from inside. Then we can push the momentum from outside. The reason for saying that is b/c those in the diaspora are waiting change from inside. They don’t want the fight to be spearhead from outside. Am I right Berhe?

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Emma,

            I don’t know if there is any person or group, from inside or outside Eritrea than can speak. I think most Eritrean (inside or outside) like to see the IA regime gone. Change will need to come from all angles and the regime needs to be squeezed from all directions. True pressure coming from inside may be more than that of the outside but each method of struggle needs will add to each other.

            For example in the outside there is the distance to do damage to the regime directly, but there is the freedom to organize, to think, to plan better. From the inside there is the opportunity to inflict damage to the regime directly but there is lack of freedom to plan such activities.

            So I think if the strategy and the planning and the pressure is done on the outside, then the execution can be done inside.

            And at the end of day, if everyone agrees that the out come of the regime change in Eritrea is to establish just can democratic Eritrea, then there is nothing one must worry about. It’s not who is leading whom but who is fighting the regime at what ever level with what ever means necessarily that will create the momentum.

            To be honest, we do not have the space and the ability to pick and chose what’s best for Eritrea. It’s the collective struggle of everyone that will make the change a reality.


          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Berhe Y,

            You have made Mr. Kaleab cripple. Thank you very very much. Kaleab doesn’t conceive: RIGHT IS MIGHT. The world is diverse in everything, and here lies its beauty. The world without diversity will be a monotonous place to live on. Does Mr. Kaleab – the Agazian – eat only one kind of food the whole of his life?


  • Mez

    Dear Chefena and all,

    1) The subject “identity” is something very fundamental in any social dynamics, and interaction processes among socio-linguistic groups within a national boundary or beyond.

    2) It is not a big thing if some political pundits intend to exploit it for their purpose. The key would be to keep developments checked as few manipulators won’t impose theirs’ interests on others.

    3) the contemporary big thing in our region, I would think, is the potentially converging interest of the Sudan and Etiopia. If this trend prevails, regional boundary conditions will be pushing Eritrea for the better sooner than latter–so much so–likely more than the prevailing internal Eritrean political dynamics.


    • Ismail AA

      Selam Mez,

      The point you have raised in item # 3 is very profound though it draws rare attention. It’ is strategic complementality issue that associates topography as related to economic potentials linked together by water resource (energy and irrigation) provided by the Blue Nile. It seems this idea is slowly dawning to the minds of strategists in both countries. Awareness of development and bounties that could accrue from it could weaken socio-religious variations that hamper relations.

      • Haile S.

        Selam Ismail and Mez,
        Very insightful observation. This thought was possible and will be more realizable thanks to the change in the afministration of Ethiopia. The previous domination of the EPRDF was hell bent and zoomed on scoring points of fratricide to the north. Hopefully, this need for local vengeances will continue to diminish to oblivion and Ethiopian foreign policy will zoom-out completely from it and see the bigger picture. As Mez said, our own internal-zoomers will fall in line much quicker than expected into such idea.

      • Mez

        Dear Ismail AA and Haile S,

        1) “…could weaken socio-religious variations that hamper…”. Exactly dear Ismael. The gist of yours’ ,and Haile S’s comments capture well the potentially impactful trend of geopolitical recalibration among the two nations.
        2) When one closely observs the Sudan, for the first time (since its’ indepence) it started to look inward; namely how to end senseless cycle of internal wars. Further, how primarily to feed and keep safe the people of Sudan first and formost.
        3) even though a little early, the Sudan seems to initiate the path of “looking for its own interest” rather than that of others (primarily that of Egypt) , which was quazi the case before.


        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Mez,

          You have said : “…could weaken socio-religious variations that hamper…”. unfortunately, the Eritrean politics had been framed by socio-religious factors since late 40s. The argument for it is still alive by one section of our society. When there is deprivation from fair or equitable sharing in the political and economic lives of our minorities, there will be always coalescence of the minorities along the socio-religious lines to find the equilibrium of power sharing in the Eritrean politics.

          The solution for it is not the way you are expecting to be resolved, rather it is by addressing the agrieved social groups demand by creating a fair involvements for them in the sociopolitical and socioeconomic life of the population at large. They have to get a fair involvement in the decision making of the country. Other than that every effort will fail in vain. So we have to get out from the notion that will decide the rights of our minorities.


  • Haile S.

    Selam Gheteb, Mahmoud, and all

    Welcome back Gheteb. Thank you for the honor, and for the nice song.

    Mahmoud, you said “…without the steadfastness and sacrifices of Eritrea and without the wise decision of President Isaias Afewerki of Eritrea, PM Abiy Ahmed would not have won the prize.” A little further you added “…for all practical purposes, in public opinion, president Isaias Afewerqki also shares the prize.”

    Well, had PIA done in Eritrea the changes PMAA did in Ethiopia, he had a slim chance of being the doublet of the prize. However, by implementing such august measures in his country, PIA also could have compromised PMAA’s chance of getting the prize, by association. That is probably the reason PIA didn’t want to bring change in Eritrea till now, i.e in order to revampe the chance of PMAA winning it alone. Now that the prize is won, PIA feels had contributed his share to the prize, we can finally hope for the unlocking of the ultimate prison gate in Eritrea especially if PMAA says he shares this prize with Mr President.
    Let’s hope. We will always have hope despite detractors, that hope, which allowed President Obama to win this prize for even preaching it. Who knows next year’s Nobel Peace Prize could be bestowed upon the Y’akl (ይኣክል) movement. ይኣክል!

    • ‘Gheteb

      Selam Haile S,

      Thanks for the welcome and it is much appreciated. You deserve more than the honor you have been bestowed. I mean, who can fail to see that you are indeed a rare treasure of history, linguistic capabilities and useful insights with everything pertaining Eritrea.

      Irrespective of our political stances, I can’t deny the gifted writers in this Forum. It would be the height of dishonesty to deny great writers who have been making invaluable contribution to this Forum. These Forumers are, inter alia, Haile S. Ismail AA, Amanuel H, Dr. Paulos, Mahmuday The Great, The one and only Cousin Sal ( SAAY), Saleh G Johar, Dr. Hope and many, many others that I am not mentioning here.

      At the end of the day, we all bring something to the table, be it sophisticated or otherwise.

      • Saleh Johar

        As a real cousin, I should have been the first to welcome you back. Welcome. Hope you are doing great.


        • ‘Gheteb

          Ahlan Saleh Johar ( SGJ)

          Thanks for the welcome and it is highly appreciated. Indeed, we are real cousins. How can I forget Amm Abubeker ( Uncle Abubeker) who unfailingly called me Wedi-Hawey ( The son of my brother). To deny that would be tantamount to denying my own being or my history. We are REAL Cousins Saleh, no doubt about it.
          I am doing great, thanks for asking.

      • Haile S.

        Thank you Gheteb,
        You too have all those attributes and more. Who doesn’t run to the closest dictionary at an emergency of a W.C after sipping few sentences of your english writings!

  • ‘Gheteb

    Seleste (ሰለስተ) — (3) — : A Play


    The SCENE where this play takes place is somewhere in the ethers of the blogosphere and the CHARACTERS who partake in this play are THREE and only THREE.

    (1) Dr. Newitol
    (2) Professor Arhbo (ኣርሕቦ)
    (3) Wedi- Gobo EitAbir (ወዲ ጎቦ ኢትዓብር)

    ( Professor Arhbo was comfortably sitting on the floor mat at the door steps of his Tikul or thatched hut and digging deeply into the whey and butter inundated Ekelet (እከለትor ገዓት) or porridge. He was visibly famished as was evidenced by the rapid movement of his hand between the pan of the porridge and his mouth. However, when Wedi-Gobo EitAbir arrived, Professor Arhbo got up instantly and offered his welcome by uttering “Arhbo”, “Arhbo”, “Arhob” and asking his guest to join him in the meal and help himself. After a lengthy exchange of niceties, the two got into the following argy-bargy and kibbitzed thusly.)

    Professor Arhbo (PA): I can’t believe what Dr. Newitol is claiming these days. He is saying that he was in a lengthy vacation in Africa. What I don’t understand is, since when did a sabbatical has become a vacation.

    Wedi-Gobo EitAbir ( WGE): Yeah, that surely beggars belief. What I am still wondering about though is that, did Dr. Newitol go on his vacation as ONE person or as THREE person(s)? After all, we are told that “Dr. Newitol is a composite of three characters”.

    PA: Yeah, sure, sure. But what has so far boggled my mind and what I have utterly failed to wrap my head around is, why Dr. Newitol is a composite of three characters and not of any other numeral? Why not two or four or five. Heck, why not even be a character of one, just like you and me? What is this OBSESSION with the numeral THREE? Why is this numeral, 3, looms large in the Eritrean psyche?

    WGE: The idee fixe with the number THREE figures prominently in everything Eritrean, be it political, cultural, social or otherwise. To begin, I think it started with the religious dogma or doctrine of the TRINITY, The Father, The Son and The Holy Spirit.

    PA: While you are at it, it comes to my mind that that those who mindlessly spout the hokum nonsense that they are “HABESHAS” asininely aver that the Habesha tribes are comprised of three ethnic groups, namely the Amharas, The Tigrays of Ethiopia and the Tigrigna speakers of Eritrea. There you have it. THREE and nothing but THREE.

    WGE: Not only that, these days those who subscribe to the faux Habesha narrative are mouthing some of the most ludicrous assertion that they are ” a bona fide Habesha” as if the whole ball of wax of this Habesha thing is nothing but FACTITIOUS, as in artificially created or developed.

    PA: Come to think of it, the annals of the Eritrean Revolution is replete with incidents that include three groups, individuals and what have you. Here are some examples that I can reel off from the top of my head:
    (a) The tripartite unity among the ELF groups of Zones 3 , 4 and 5 in what is commonly known as ስሉሳዊ ሓድነት. Three and nothing but THREE.
    (b) The three factions that united to form the EPLF in the seventies. To wit, the ShaEbia group. Selfi-Natsnet and the Obel group( ሻዕብያ, ሰልፊ ናጽነት and ዑበል).
    (c) The THREE Eritrean fighters who made their vow and promise not to give up on their goals by branding and tattooing E or Eritrea in their forearms in the late sixties while they were with Jebha. The three were Isaias Afwerki, Haile Woldetnsae DruE and Mussie Tesfamichael. There, THREE.
    (d) Not going too far from Eritrea, The Sana Forum was comprised of THREE countries, Ethiopia, Sudan and Yemen.

    WGE: While we are in the late sixties and early seventies, there is a song that perfectly captures the zeitgeist of that period. Do you remember the song ሰለስተ መሓዙት, the three friends?

    PA: Yeah, wasn’t that a song by T’berih Tesfahuney (ትብርህ ተስፋሁነይ)?

    WGE: Many a Eritrean erroneously thinks that was a ትብርህ ተስፋሁነይ’s song, but that song belongs to non other than ተግባሩ ተኽላይ (Tegbaru Tekhlay).


    There you have it. The song is about three and not any other number of friends. My, my, my!

    ( While Professor Arhbo and Wedi-Gobo EitAbir were immersed in their deep conversation, they could see Dr. Newitol ambling through the small bushes and heading towards the thatched hut. He joined the two shortly.)

    Dr. Newitol (DN) : Folks, I am back from my lengthy vacation. While I was away, Professor Arhbo was hyperactive with his facebook posts painting a rosy picture of Eritrea and even of how Eritrea is going to advance in the coming five, ten or twenty years. And, what he said in his recent interview with Radio Erena is utterly indistinguishable from the narratives that the Cheguar Dangas, The Militia Taffs and the NNNNs incessantly yarn.

    WGE: The NNNNs? What? Who are they?

    PA: Well, the NNNN is an acronym forንሕና ንሱ፣ ንሱ ንሕና and is pejoratively used by those who are Eritreans In Name Only or EINO. The EINOs deem the NNNNs as their nemesis. Not only that, The EINOs grievously suffer from an affliction otherwise known as “The Isaias Derangement Syndrome”, TIDS, for short.

    WGE: But recently Nitricc has diagnosed someone in this Forum with a bipolar disorder. Doesn’t that show that there are some Eritreans who still think in terms of two instead of three?

    PA: Well, it won’t be too long before General Nitricc changes his diagnosis of that person from a bipolar to a tripolar disorder. I mean, from two to three. In a similar vein, the EINOs, those Eritreans in name only are pulled by THREE forces or tendencies. Though they are Eritreans, they aspire to be Arabs and if one was to dig deep, I mean, really deep, they want to be Ethiopians. Otherwise, why are they desperately seeking Amde? The one who told them that as Eritreans they possess nothing but a deformed identity. Maybe Amde knows a thing or two about The EINOs.

    DN: If what you keep harping on this three thing is so ubiquitous in the Eritrean mindset, how come we don’t see it in this Forum?

    WGE: My, my, my. Why are you so oblivious to the glaring fact about the THREE high priests of this Forum. I mean, Keshi Amaneul H, Mergeta Paulos and Liqe-Mezemran Haile S (ቀሺ ኣማኑኤል፣ መርገታ ፓውሎስ፣ ሊቀ-መዘምራን ሃይለ). Also, haven’t you read Dr. Paulos’s recent epistle entitled “መለእኽቲ ፓውሎስ ናብ ሰብ ዓዋተ” — Paulo’s Epistle To The Awatians — in a similar fashion to that of apostle Paul’s epistle to the Corinthians, Ephesians…… in his epistle Paulos urged the Awatiians to see Ethiopia as ” The Father”, Woyane-ism as “The Holy Spirit” and Eritrea as “The Son”, invoking the dogma of trinity.

    DN: While I was on a lengthy vacation, I kept thinking why the NNNNs do not demand that there should be a whistleblower (ነፋሒ ፊስካ) law that protects those who would help us expose the secrets of the deep state (ዓሚቅ መንግስቲ). That would make things much more easier than waiting for a “democratic coup”.

    PA: Nice coinage of Tigrigna words Dr. Newitol. Welcome to the Tigrigna coinage club. Regarding the whistleblower thing, just remember that Rome was not built in one day. I hope you get that one, but then again I have to remind myself that Dr. Newitol seems to have fallen from the straight and the narrow since I don’t know when.

    DN: ” I was in Africa, testing the three entry points to Eritrea. Did I mention that? Anyway, if you thought I take long vacations, Professor Arhbo (“Professor Welcome” in Tigrayt language) shows up once year: so mark the date he wrote his piece, add twelve months, and that’s when you will hear from him again”.

    WGE: Oh, my, oh my! Did you say that you were “testing the THREE entry points to Eritrea”? You mean THREE as in 3 or ሰለስተ? How about entering Eritrea through Massawa or Assab by sea or through its airport. There you have it that this THREE thing WRIT LARGE in the Eritrean way of thinking.

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Gheteb,
      Welcome back. Nice piece with literary flavor. I think GitSAtSE will have something to say since you came up with imaginative stuff involving numbers.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Ismailo,

        I admit that he command both English and Tigrigna very well. The problem with him is his stands and his positions. What is good if his intellectualism is being used for the service of the despot – the tormentor of our people. If you have read the article written by Robert Wright of Feb 8, 2011 titled “ Beyond Intellectualism, Anti-Intellectual Intellectual” it explains to the nature of our brother Gheteb. These days there are many Eritreans who are “anti-intellectual intellectuals” who are working with our despot.

      • ‘Gheteb

        Selam Ismail AA,
        Thanks for the welcome and feedback. Much appreciated!

    • Mahmud Saleh

      Ahlen Gheteb
      That was hilarious. You are a playwrite, too.
      Dr. Newitol has exhausted all that he had of steam. Now, with ጋቢ and ጭራ he is reliving his old days when he thought he would quickly galvanize Eritreans through his TewgazzH’mo piece. Lately, he has retired to satirizing “Professor Arhebo”. Well, on a positive note, he sent the following message to PA to pass it his friend, amde .
      ” Congratulations to Ethiopians and particularly Dr. Abiy Ahmed for receiving the Nobel Prize in Peace. Eritreans join you in celebrating the occasion recognizing that without the steadfastness and sacrifices of Eritrea and without the wise decision of President Isaias Afewerki of Eritrea, PM Abiy Ahmed would not have won the prize. Dr. Abiy Ahmed made a strategic move towards settling the Ethio-Eritrean conflict according to the EEBC ruling, and president Isaias Afewerki seized the opportunity. Hence, for all practical purposes, in public opinion, president Isaias Afewerqki also shares the prize. However, in a world where entities such as Amnesty International and HRW rule, fairness is sometimes bent towards injustice. Nevertheless, Eritrea feels its moral latitude is higher than the Nobel committee.
      I call upon Dr. Abiy Ahmed to remember that he won the Nobel peace prize primarily because of his words and signature to implement the Algiers Peace Accord and the EEBC border verdict without any preconditions. We are counting on your integrity and we are counting the years patiently. For the Nobel peace prize you received to be accorded its intended worth, pull your army out of areas ruled sovereign Eritrean territories.”

      • ‘Gheteb

        Ahlan Mahmuday,

        Thanks for the feedback and hope that PMAA will succeed in the implementation of the EEBC border verdict so that peace will finally reign in that trouble region of Africa and Eritreans to finally see the real fruits of the peace dividend.

        • ሰላማት ጳጳስ ገተብ፣

          ቡዙሕ ኢኻ ተዕዘብ
          ይመስለካ ኢቲ ገንዘብ ትግንዘብ

          ን ሓቂ ደኣ ቀሊል አንድዮ ከተምስሎ ጥበብ
          ተበልኩ ኣቱም ሰብ ጀብጀብ
          ቢላድ ኣል ሑብ ኣል ቶብ ወል ዘሃብ
          ሰው ሰብ ነው know ዘ መጨርሽታ ኳትሮ ኣንጎሎ
          ዳ ዶቨ ቨንጊ ሊንጂ ኣኔ አንጂ ኢንታ ኣስኣሎ — ኣንታ ኣውሎ ኣዎሎ

          ኣውሎ ይበሃል ኣሎ
          ካብ ጳጳስ ባዕሉ ዓምደ ዓዲ ሃሎ
          ካብኻ ኣንታ ፕጥሮስ
          ኢብን ሱለይማን ናይ ኖውልedge zfeliጥ አንተ ‘ሎስ

          well…. ask Petros we Paulos … I am completely at a loss!

          Now break a leg and allow her to pour the Siwa


          ጃይ ጻጸ Gi tSAtSE

    • iSem

      Hi GeHteb:
      I too join those who already welcomed you back and say: welcome back bitsay GeHteb and hope that you are well rested after your long repose away from here. I like your play but I was a bit disappointed that you never bothered to somehow weave the concept of “እዲ ሰውራን ሓለንጊ ሰውራን ነዊሕ ‘ዪ”. Because all the success of EPLF can be traced back to this basic, easy to demonstrate notion.
      Dr.Newitol used to say that cousin GeHteb has a photographic memory and I trust his judgment. So I hope you do not mind if I solicit your impeccable photographic memory to help me locate a long lost distance cousin.
      I know you do not need any hints as you will locate my long lost cousin in a flash but in case you need it here are some pointers:
      1. This lost cousin is well versed in the EPLF literature actually he was one of the handful EPLF supporters of the first grade 10 in UNESCO, among Abedella and also this cousin was a friend of Wedi Alamin, whose father was an EPLF founder and who had fist fights with IA
      Since 42 years has elapsed and also since then you were immersed in the war to liberate Keren, a war that was led by IA and not Beraki and others, I unrdestand that you may need more info to refresh you already refreshed memory, so do not be shy to ask me for more info.
      thank you bro in advance as I believe you will be generous with a few seconds to min your memory to fetch me the location of my beloved cousin

      • ‘Gheteb

        Selam Wo Hayis Melehey iSem,

        Thanks for the welcome and the feedback. You said that I failed to include “እዲ ሰውራን ሓለንጊ ሰውራን ነዊሕ ‘ዪ”, into the play. Believe me that I would have done so, if it came in THREES. The whole point of the play was to highlight things or themes that come up in threes in the Eritrean context.

        I am sorry to learn about your cousin. Here is what I can still remember from those years in UNESCO High School, Kassala, Sudan:

        1/ I was there for only two years 1980-81.

        2/ I sure do remember Abdella and the son of Alamin Siraj Omer, both being members of the EPLF Student Association. I can tell you what the late Michael Gabir said about Abdella, but I guess it won’t be appropriate.

        3/ Believe it or not, I was not a member of the EPLF student association. However, I was friends with Abdella and the rest of the ShaEbia supporters and many erroneously thought I was a member of the EPLF mass organization. It is true that my political outlook and tendencies were that of ShaEbia. I won’t gainsay that. I was also friends with may ELF supporters.

        4/ I can tell you that I would have gotten the wind of, meaning would have heard it, if something untoward had befallen in Kassala and especially to any UNESCO student, be it by the EPLF or ELF.

        5/ Here I am talking about the years 1980, 1981, 1982 and 1983.

        6/ Even when I was at University of Khartoum, I would have heard about it as I was in touch with the late Michael Gabir, Omeredin ( the chairman of the ELF Student Union of Kassala) and others.

        7/ What is you cousin’s name?

        • ሰላማት ገተብ

          ስማኦ አንዶ ኣንታ ጳጳስ
          ኣብታ ናይ ከሰላ ክላስ

          Lema ኩንታ መዓ ሸዓብ
          ናይ ሻዕብያ ነዊ ዝሰልዕ ናቱ መስርዕ ሸዓብ

          ዳሃዩ ሽዑ ጋዜጠኛ ሽሙ ነጸረኣብ
          ቁሩብ ደ ኣ ዘክር ተዛረብ

          ናይ ግምባርና ነዊሕ ሓለንጊ
          ፍትሓዊ ናይ ህዝባዊ ሕጊ

          ዝፈትሕ ናይ ሕጂ ኡስራት
          ጋዜጠኛ ሰብ ዝና ዜና በዕል ኻልድን ኢሳቕ ምስ ወዲ ኣስራት

          በው! ኣንቱም ዑቡሳት ዕሱባት ለኽባጥ ኣኽላባት ስልባጣት
          በዓል አni ኒtሪ ኣብ ምድሪ ስሪ trick three ዶኪመንትድ ድኹማት
          ሁዋ ነኡሌኩም ንብልኩም ሁዋ ማት
          ንስኹም ዕዱማት ኢኹም መዓት ጉዑታት
          ዕምርኩም ኣብ ግሃንም Esat

          Kurmaj Halengi newiH ቢልኩማ ቅርጥም
          ኣሕሚዩኩም እሕሚሙኩም አቲ ዘሕምም
          ኮይና ትም

          iSEM ዓይኖም ግስም

          ዓድጉዋ ግን ንሳዋ
          ኣቦኣ ዋናኣ ኣለዋ
          ኢያ ናይ ቲ ጂግና


          ጃይ ጻጸ Gi tSAtSE

    • saay7

      Selamat Gheteb:

      Welcome back!

      So, um:

      1. Dr Newitol *is* a composite of 3 guys. That whole one guy on sabbatical, vacation was for the benefit of wedi Kassa and the entire Diaspora Hasewti specially after you last theorized he is one guy.

      2. Notwithstanding the PF myth-making factory of trying to endow Eritrean citizenship to the magical number 3, its a universal theme: refer to this NY times article


      3. Your play is, um, typically Eritrean which is to say it is pretty bad 🙁 Here’s why: no Eritrean writer has, it seems, ever attended a creative writing class. Consequently, all characters in a play (including yours) have the exact same voice and are exchangeable. This is why , despite the fact that Eritrea produced one of the greatest marvels (30 year armed struggle full of amazing stories) it is yet to produce a single must-read book 🙁 One would hope talented people like you would overcome your addiction to mythology and propaganda and produce such a book but alas you won’t which leaves us short story writers to do our part. Thus, Dr Newitol.

      Anyway, welcome back!


      • ‘Gheteb

        Howdy Cousin SAAY,

        Thanks for the welcome and the constructive feedback/critique. It is much appreciated from my side. Having said that, though, here are some points that I take exceptions to.

        1) When are you going to stop bringing the likes of Wedi-Kassas and Wedi-Massas and others that you deem to be involved in some nefarious activities. The play’s fountainhead is non other than ‘Gheteb, warts and all. Thus, you may need to remove the colored anti-PFDJ lens or prism through which you read the pieces I pen. That surely will help in engendering a more nuanced and objective reaction or analysis from your side.

        2) Thanks for the NYT article. The play doesn’t try to intimate the number THREE is uniquely Eritrean; far from it. It just attempts to capture the numeral 3 in the Eritrean context. No attempt was made either to mythologize it or make it Eritrean and Eritrean only. Nor did it gainsay the universality of the number three. Heck, what is more common than the doctrine of trinity?

        3) Believe it or not, pretty everything in the play is from my head. I haven’t researched the subject of the play at all. The only thing I got was the song from youtube. I wanted everything to be about the Eritreans obsession with the number three and see how it figures in the Eritrean psyches, mores and what have you. Here is one more example of what I am trying to impart.

        In the Eritrean context of coffee ceremony, it goes something like. First there is Awel (ኣወል) , then Derja (ደረጃ) and finally Bereka (በረካ). There, THREE with an Eritrean flavor! This without saying nothing about the universality of the numeral three.

        4) I am with you when you said that Eritrea has failed in producing books that capture its cogent national narrative. There is enough blame to go around. Not only to those you are accusing of being nothing but manufacturers of myth and are addicted to PFDJ propaganda, also to those who have been reduced to viewing the Eritrean national narrative in a Manichean view, meaning in black and white.

        • Selamat Gheteb,

          ሰቡር ውደ። ከም ፕሮፈሶር ኣርብሕ
          ኣብታ ዝጸናሕኩማ ኮለኹም አዚ ጉዳይ ከም ዘጽንሕ
          መዓስ ዶ ተምሊስኩም ኢኹም ክንድዚ ትብሉ ዘለኹም ፋሕ
          ናይ ክልተ ሳልሕ
          ወ ጎቦ ኢትዓርብ! ኣድማየር ያ ኣድሚራል
          ይሕው ሑውካ ሕውየ ሃቦ ሞራል።

          arbiho W.B. ….WA


          Gi tSAtSE

        • saay7

          Hey Gheteb:

          So this doesn’t become our usual point-counterpoint: I wasn’t saying *you* are a dispatch for Wedi Kasa etc. I am saying Dr Newitol “I was in Africa”, “I was testing the 3 entry points to Eritrea” was an attempt to mess with the minds of those in the “Eritrean community centers” and “Eritrean embassy” whose only job is to send reports (real and hearsay) to the hagerawi dHnet offices in Asmara. Plenty of Diaspora Eritreans have found themselves in interrogation rooms in Eritrea based on hearsay reports of these spies.

          On why we are yet to have our Achebe despite the fact that Eritrea is full of sweeping narratives, let’s just agree we haven’t produced one.

          On your play, my criticism was that while our short story films are well written (particularly those coming from Kampala and Addis) the written word requires more character development. And in your case, sorry, all the characters sound exactly the same. I am not accusing you of not creating the characters; I am saying you haven’t developed them sufficiency and they have the same voice.


          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ከም ዝመስለኒ
            ፍቕሪ ምስ ሰለስተ ዝጀመረ
            ብዘመነ ኦሪት ሰብ ከይተማህረ

            ሓደ ‘ኾኑ ሰለስተ ይኾኑ
            ሕቶ የለን ዝተባህለኩም እመኑ

            ትሓደ ብ ኣካል ተራእዩ
            ‘ቶም ክልተ ኣብ ህዋ ተጸፍዩ
            ኣይመስለንን ዝተዳህዩ

            ሰለስተ ‘ዛ ምጭውቲ ቁጽሪ
            ብኤርትራውያን ክትከብሪ
            በሊ ጥንቅቕ ምባል ካብ ናይ ዓዲ ሃሎ ነብሪ
            ከም ዓለምኪ ከይት ስወሪ

            ኤእ! ኣብ ‘ንዳ ህግደፍ ኩሉ ጸበባ ይከኣል
            ወይ ድማ ነዊሕ ዕረፍቲ ከም ኒውቶል
            ፍስሃ-ወሰላም ምባል

          • Haile S.

            ሰላም መሃንድስ፡ ጻጻ፡ ገ(ት/ጠ)ብ፡ ሳልሕY,

            ናይ ዓለም ስልስቱ ከነውሪ
            ረሲዕናዮ ነዚ ናይና ኣመሓዳሪ
            ብዘይካ ክልተ ዘይብሉ ኣማኻሪ
            ዝኸተልዎ ኣብ ጉዕዞ እግሪ እግሪ
            ብምልዮን ዝቁጸር ናቱ ተጻራሪ
            ካብ ኣፉ ወጺኣ ዘይትፈልጥ እዛ ፍቕሪ
            ዝነብር ዓዲ ሓሎ ኣብቲ ቆራሪ
            ኮይኑ ዝቐርብ ናይ ሃገርና ፈጣሪ

            ሓደ ይኸውን ከም ሥላሰ ሰለስተ
            ደሚርካ እቶም ዝንቱ መሰነይቱ ክልተ
            ትኽ ትንፋሱ, ብዘይከኦም ዘይብሉ ቅሳነተ
            ዖስማን የማነን ዝንቱ ወከልቱ በርሃነ ጸልመተ

      • Selamat Admiral,

        ኩሉ ፈላጢ ኢኻ
        ነዊ ‘ቶል ስፐሊን
        ናይ ምይግሬን ኣስፕሪን
        ኒውን new ክኸውን
        ኢት esu ሕጹር ኣብ ካንሸሎ
        ማይ ካብ ዲጋ ብ ካንሸሎ
        ol ከኣ ኢዩ ኩል ኣጉል

        ማላኪን ኢንታ seen seen
        like Charlie Armor ‘ol Haha sheen
        arkibkalu bofankulo buffalo
        seen seen ሹፍታ ሓቐ’ልዮም ሽፍታ ኢብራሂም

        ጋንጃ ሽኮር ቃንጫ ኬፍ ኣብኒ ኻለክ ፋሂም
        who is Kirk oleseski ask Hiteto Heem

        ናይ አንኮ ዩኒክ ሊተራቲ ኖበል ፕራይዝ
        ሰፕራይዝ ሰፕራይዝ
        ናይ ሰላሕ ዩንዝ ኢንግሊዝ

        Creative writing class ዝተማህረስ ኤርትራ ኣለዋ



        ጃይ ጻጸ Gi tSAtSE

    • Selamat Three your holinesses,

      Proof: in 2019 Isais, and NOT Haile Drue, is who committed TREASON.

      WGE: While we are in the late sixties and early seventies, there is a song that perfectly captures the zeitgeist of that period. Do you remember the song ሰለስተ መሓዙት, the three friends?

      His Excellency Nugese Negast IS IA now King of Ethiopia

      Who then blue the whistle? Where are Musie and Haile now.

      And the Nobel Prize goes to : SaleH, Ibrahim, SaleH – Yiakil.



  • Hey Doc,

    I am afraid your rhetorical analysis falls significantly short in providing or describing fully Yiakil post DC Baito. Your essay is esoteric in its nature is more like a moral booster and a keep marching on the current track orders or directives to the droves flocking diaspora cities’ auditoriums as well as the occasional studio produced Yiakil pep rallies.

    You are familiar of Hazel and Augustus the young lady and young man falling in love though both are afflicted with the ailment of cancer. The assertion that inspite of media (the internet) portraying cancer patients negatively Hazel and Augustus do in fact live a healthy life. This analogous to the coordinated attacks and depiction of Eritreans as the sickest in the world afflicted with numerous diseases yet they will be or live out their lives just fine. The love story is from reading examples of rhetorical analysis naratively.

    It depends what one considers to be the dominant narrative and the appropriate counter narrative I suppose. Also you “call for detailed analysis for testing the truth value of the central argument, which will be cumbersome.” What is the central argument? You only tell us there exists the big elephant in the room but do not say what it is. You admit the magnitude of the Eritrean discourse oral or otherwise on the internet suggesting I think to ignore. Beautiful rhetoric. But does any region need to be told it is as nationalistic as the next and if you are not nationalists all other regions are as bad?

    Post DC Yiakil I have witnessed horrid productions of Yiakil Stockholm and Yiakil Calgary now no where to be found on MiTube. Or should I check on YouTube with the key words “Yiakil” and “Stockholm” and “Calgary” and RM?

    Speaking of RM, is it to deprive the arguments exposure of your certain KH and or KM that you did not provide the full name? And in Switzerland and Germany ንቕሎ ኣዴታት produced their own detractor with the same generic modus operandi as your X bullied by Y at the behest of Z … etc. Indicative of designer engineers and puppeteers putting on a show and more rhetoric.

    So let us deal with the issue of “hijacking the revolution” by doing the following “trust building project”:
    On the next Yiakil gathering each city’s respective Baito issue a certificate of authentication, an Eritrean National identification card for all those attendees. Verification could be the latest communication with a very close kin such as father/mother/brother/sister in Eritrea at this current time. Considering the exodus of Eritrean and Ethiopians, at times together as siblings or even couples, and considering the Norway quake, there is the possibility that some Tigrean nationals that may want to feel or be Eritrean these days. Cumbersome indeed is and will be the analysis and Dr. Chefena you have stated that you have no qualms with any one being vocal about the sensitive issues.

    So what is the Central argument? You hint of the irony that the central highlands are very homogeneous which can easily be expanded to include Tigray at a later more convenient or more conducive time to implement the next stage so that we reach the “central argument.” I beg your pardon for my rhetoric. It is partly due my being a child or perhaps the prodigal son of the Eritrean Revolution. Sewra! I assure you there is no Isaias mindset here. If you are saying the central argument is the getting rid of tyranny then allow me to point to you a greater tyranny to replace it doesn’t solve or resolve the issue, me thinks and whole heartedly believe.
    I understand that a rhetorical statement requires not a response but the above response is to thank you for your Post DC Baito US only in isolation beautiful rhetorical analysis and to point out that it fell significantly short of the overall Yiakil “detailed analysis for testing the truth value…” Are you really ignoring the well financed ብሩህ መጻኢ lot and the ኣጋዝኣውያን or even “ኣንድነት የ ኢትዮጵያ ፓርክ”?

    ደፊረ ዶ ክብል ከም ነፍሲሄር መለስ ዜናው ዝበሎ። አሱ ኸኣ ከምዚ ዝስዕብ ኢዩ፡
    ንሕና ኤርትራውያን ን ኢቶጵያውያን ብ ሕብሪ ዓይኖም ከነለልዮም ዓቕሚ ኣሎና። ኣብ መድረኽ ናይ ዓባይ ብሪጣንያ ናይ ይኣክል ወጺኦም ዝተዛረብዎ ተመልከት። አንተ ወሓዱ ሰልስተ ሰባት ብጋህዲ መን ሙኻኖም ብ ጋህዲ ተዛሪቦም ኢዮም።

    ካልአ ጭብጥታት ውን ኣሎ ካብ ስርሒታት መቀለ-ዉድ ፕሮዷክሽንስ። ምውሁሃድ ተጸሊኡ ኣይኮነን አንታይ ደኣ ኢቲ ዓቢ ጉዳይ ወይ ኢቲ ሰንትራል ኣርጉመንት ስለ ዝኾነ ናይ ፍትሒ Justice.


    ጃይ ጻጸ Gi tSAtSE

    • Eri.Star

      You brought up good points. Spoke to some yiakil members. They do have tigray and some hold favourable views toward unionist. Which alarms several lowlander attending the meeting. But yet again, who’s to blame. But the Tigrinya and eplf that until today, chose not to seek reconciliation with Jebha and Lowlanders. Got young tigrinya reach out to woyanna and Amhara for help. And not their supposed, fellow citizen. Would make sense to have verification policy. To know who’s who. But it would expose them and their handlers.

      • Selamat Eri.Star,

        The point or the main issue regarding Eritrea is JUSTICE. Until Ethiopia or Tigray respects the rule of law and abide and execute fully by the demarcation ruling – RULE OF LAW – every other attempt to gain further foot hold in Eritrea should offend every Eritrean. As far as Eritreans are concerned the divisive tactics, which you are utilizing, is already DOA, dead on arrival.

        The trust building project the Doc suggests should start with issuing Authentic Eritrean Identification Card by the Yiakil “Baito” utilizing numerous verification ከም ውሕስነት ካብ ውሽጢ ሃገር ወይ ባጀላታት ካብ ቤት ትምህርቲ ባአታታት ኣብ ኤርትራ ወይ ናይ ሃገራዊ ኣጎልጉሎት ኣብ ኤርትራ ወዘተ…. ብኸምዚ መንገትታት ኤርትራውያን ነንሕድሕድና ክንተኣማመንን ሓድነትና ከነደልድልን ንኽአል። ብ ሽጣራ ብ ጎድኒ ተማሻጢሩ ሃገርና ክጎቡጥ ዝህጥን ሌባ ግን ምስቲ ወትሩ ሃገር ንኽከላኸል ኣብ ዕርዲ ደው ዝበለ ህዝባዊ ሰራዊት ኤርትራ ኢዩ ነፍሲ ወከፍ ኤርትራዊ ደው ዝብል። ኢዚ ኸኣ ዩ ትርጉም ቀንዲ ናይ ይኣክል!

        ንዘልኣለም ትነብር ናይ ቢቶወደድ ናይ ሸሪፎ ናይ ድሩዕ
        ፍጹም ኣይኮነልኩምን ኢዩ ክተዐሽውዋ
        ንሳ ኢያ ሓወልቲ ፍትሒ ናይ


        ጃይ ጻጸ Gi tSAtSE

        • Eri.Star

          I fully agree with verification. I’m just stating my opinion. Should worry all of us. That the youth is going out of out of their community and or opposition group, for help. Where’s their funding coming from, who the head of this organization.

  • Ismail AA

    Selam Dr. Chefena,

    Bold, concise and eye-opener piece. I say bold because you have pierced through a facade of homogeneity and dealt with subset identities within the Kebessa segment of our people. And an eye-opener because others may summon courage to follow on your footsteps. Amanuel Hidrat has already shown interest. Harnessing subset identies on sectional levels could become precursor to harmonisation of counterparts which could be key to forging collective national narrative competent to counter the “decaying” contentions of the regime.
    Thank you, sir.

  • said

    Abiy Ahmed, Ethiopia’s prime minister, wins 2019 Nobel peace prize
    Award recognises efforts for peace, in particular in resolving Eritrea border conflict.
    One hope Abiy Ahmed by receiving the prize for his work in restarting peace talks with Eritrea, and ending a long stalemate between the two countries.is well disserved and all Eritrean wishes real peace to have a lasting effect

    • Selamat said,

      “…in particular in resolving Eritrea border conflict.” The irony is that this happened on the same day he declares war on the Eritrean with the ever so subtle caption “ye Andinet Itopia Park” as he says inie ye Eritrea wokil negn encuan des alachu.

      Eritrea is so lucky for having not one but TWO suitors. One in the north of Ethiopia and one in the Central of Ethiopia. Does it matter if they continue to deny her justice?
      I propose the Nobel Peace Price be amended to the Nobel Justice Prize. Now we know greater than peace is JUSTICE.


      Gi tSAtSE

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam Dr Chefena,

    Excellent. It is a well argued piece, that makes it “a must read piece”. And yes “the process of building a national consensus is about walking it together- collectively building a coherent narrative around our multiple and competing identities”. Hopefully, I will try to write about “identity politics”, the causes of identity politics in Eritrea, and the possible remedies to it.


  • Eri.Star

    Great article.. But the dispora lives in two different world and bubbles. Highland and Lowlanders. We have to reset everything Eplf did. Until they acknowledged, 1. New flag was picked by a illegitimate undemocratic Parliament. 2. Acknowledge The political and Military manoeuvres EPLF made to make Tigrinya the become biggest tribe. Treasonist act by allying with Woyanna and allowing them and agame to reside in Eritrea booster their number. Instead of reconciliation with jebha.. 3. Acknowledge Tigre and arabic were main languages 3rd being Tigrinya, in Eritrea before their Treasonist act .. Until then we will stay divided. And if we ever move back, we live in two anatomy regions, high and lowland. Tigrinya speak highlands and lowlands Tigre arabic. Noticed lot of the ex Shabia ylaik tigrinya. Like to keep most of the evil changes this evil regime has done.. Because it ONLY benefits them. Sorry, they in for a rude awakening.

    • Rob_el

      Yeah sure, are we going to rest our independence as well?

      • Eri.Star

        No. Make it sound like, jebha was losing ground to Amhara.. Haha Never. ! !