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Don Quixote

Are you a good person? Do you spread peace or hatred? Do you promote coexistence or infighting, harmony or discord, love or hate, stability or insecurity…? These are questions we have to ask ourselves every now and then.

What we own with certainty is the present moment, we strive to make our future better, but we cannot change the past. The Now is what we have. However, we are a product of our memories, the experiences that shape and define us. Selective and crooked memories make us a clone of the PFDJ hacks—arrogant and cruel lots who cannot live under the shade of the rule of law, justice, and stability. It makes us a nation of arrogant citizens under a perpetually failing government.

The PFDJ is a manipulator and it has found a ripe field in ignorant and docile attitude of some of our people who lack the ability to think critically. It has taken the people for granted and it forgets the Eritrean struggle was a voluntary

undertaking. Therefore, the PFDJ cannot keep blackmailing Eritreans forever—we struggled (as if they did that singlehandedly) we brought the country (as if the country was a goat they leashed and brought to the barn).

Yet, they do not understand the meaning of liberty—they never liberated the people but enslaved them instead. As rulers, they have failed miserably, and here is an example represented by the disrespectful speech by the PFDJ consul Washington, DC.

The PFDJ is predisposed to silence the people by making them feel less worthy than those in power.

Lee Iacocca was a famous executive in the motorcar industry—he was with ford and then chairman of Chrysler. Once they had a top position to fill in the company and several candidates were presented to him, one of them with a high recommendation from the managers. When he asked why they recommend him, they said the candidate was a hard working man, never took a vacation and spent most of his time working. Iacocca surprised them: “Fire him”. His justification, if a man is unable to squeeze a few days’ vacation in a year, he is not a good planner.

I believe the PFDJ should be fired because it is a lousy government living in the glory of the struggle era. Worse, most of its officials have developed an acute sense of entitlement.

If you cannot plan good enough to improve the lives of yourselves, to the extent that you claim you are not living a good life, what could you do for the common people? You are not good and should handover the administration of the country to others who could. Anyone will certainly be better than the PFDJ, and the Eritrean womb is not barren. But they think they are the best that Eritrea could produce and that is the source of their arrogance. Otherwise, how could a country be worse off under a supposedly national government compared to its past? How could a national government be as cruel as the regimes that the Eritrean struggle overthrew? And worse, expose the country to leeches, riffraff who have been so emboldened to the extent they want to reverse our toil and sacrifices of many years.

Thanks to the PFDJ, we have the nostalgic Andenet, who enjoyed being lap dogs of Haile Selassie, the Agazian black fascists who are contemplating genocide, and Tigray-Tigrigni supremacists who dream of lording over Eritreans.

The regime failed to fight the forces of disunity

To explain this section, I will share with you a novel; “Don Quixote de la Mancha”, generally referred to as Don Quixote, is a classic novel written by the great Spanish writer Don Miguel de Cervantes, (Don is a honorific title, like Ato or AlSayid around Italy, Spain and Portugal—that is why all Mafia bosses were known as Don, if you have noticed in movies). Don Quixote (Dan Key HOE-Tay in the original Spanish pronouncement) but some pronounce it keshot, keshote, quishot, etc, in different languages. You can find the full movie on the Book on YouTube. I recommend it for old Italian movie lovers, starring Francho Franchi and Cicco Ingrassia: “Don Chisciotte e Sancio Panza Film complete

The novel was originally written in Spanish about 430 years ago and it has influenced Western civilization to the extent that “Quixotic” entered the English vocabulary meaning impractical, unrealistic, or chasing something that isn’t there. Still, he believed the windmills were giants turned into windmills by magicians. In brief, the novel, Don Quixote, is a cartoonish personification of chivalry, feresegna or Faris, of hero, a knight.

The main character Alonso Quixano was a man who was influenced by stories about chivalry and heroism. He became delusional and thought he was a knight, a feresegna, a faris. He believed it was his duty to fight the windmills that are actually giants that look like windmills. He was determined to destroy gthem to save the people. Don Quixote prepared his gear, including a lance and a horse, hired a farmer named Sancho Panza as a servant/follower to helps him around, like a Mahio. Then the two embark on a journey. First, Don Quixote must find a prince or a duke to knight him before they go to fight the giants.

Quixote saw the windmills, they were giant fighters scattered all around the country. He fought them  while the people laughed and mocked him. However, he was knocked off his horse by the turning wings of a windmill– Sancho told him they were just windmills, but Quixote wouldn’t take any of that. He was sure they were giants that the magicians changed into windmills.

That story if also the source of the English saying, “chasing a windmill”—it’s said to people who dream of doing the undoable, like the Andenet and Tigray-Tigrinya lots, the disruptive insane people are “Chasing the windmill,” “enda TaHanit!”

Many people have been telling them to stop the madness, just like Sancho told Quixote, but the delusional Quixotic Andenet riffraff wouldn’t listen. And that is a serious affront. It’s ignorant of them to conveniently forget the experience of real Eritreans who persistently pursue liberation, not a quixotic goal, not mirage.

In a speech he delivered in 1775, Patrick Henry uttered the immortal words: “Give me liberty or give me death!” And that is the principle that all free people must live by. Unfortunately, at times of our temporary weakness is perceived by the fools as a final capitulation. They do not know Eritreans also claim the spirit of Patrick Henry’s quote: Give me liberty or give me death. Even Eritreans who never heard of Patrick Henry believe in that. It’s etched in our psyche, in our being, though hidden by the complicated smoke of confusion spread by the PFDJ.

In Conclusion, bad memories of the past embarrass normal people, but the ignorant are proud of their bad history. A nation that loses its tangible memories becomes a nation of walking mannequins trying to imitate rational people who are not bonded foolishness but rational behavior. The racists, fascists and supremacist remember only the hateful and bigoted history to which they strive to relive. And that is a journey back in time, to savagery, to wildlife akin to that of animals. The guilty conscious always try to fill the deficiencies in their manufactured or wrongly perceived memories by seeking reassurance from mythologies, folklores—irrational, abstract claims that cannot be proved. In short, they are irrational people with bad temperament, combative, and arrogant.

On the contrary, good patriotic people look to the future and dream of a day their nation would grow wings and fly, to be free, to search for a better future. A people centered future of stability and prosperity. A future where human life is sanctified, where citizens take their rights for granted, where they do not have to leave their natural habitat involuntarily, where they do not fear their government but respect it. And there is no doubt they will achieve that noble goal, they will roam the streets of their birthplaces with heads high up. They will live a life of happiness, smiles, and laughter, and joy, after the rooster crows, and when the soft amber sun of the morning peeks from the horizon. It will be down soon, never doubt that.

About Saleh "Gadi" Johar

Born and raised in Keren, Eritrea, now a US citizen residing in California, Mr. Saleh “Gadi” Johar is founder and publisher of Author of Miriam was Here, Of Kings and Bandits, and Simply Echoes. Saleh is acclaimed for his wealth of experience and knowledge in the history and politics of the Horn of Africa. A prominent public speaker and a researcher specializing on the Horn of Africa, he has given many distinguished lectures and participated in numerous seminars and conferences around the world. Activism was founded by Saleh “Gadi” Johar and is administered by the Awate Team and a group of volunteers who serve as the website’s advisory committee. The mission of is to provide Eritreans and friends of Eritrea with information that is hidden by the Eritrean regime and its surrogates; to provide a platform for information dissemination and opinion sharing; to inspire Eritreans, to embolden them into taking action, and finally, to lay the groundwork for reconciliation whose pillars are the truth. Miriam Was Here This book that was launched on August 16, 2013, is based on true stories; in writing it, Saleh has interviewed dozens of victims and eye-witnesses of Human trafficking, Eritrea, human rights, forced labor.and researched hundreds of pages of materials. The novel describes the ordeal of a nation, its youth, women and parents. It focuses on violation of human rights of the citizens and a country whose youth have become victims of slave labor, human trafficking, hostage taking, and human organ harvesting--all a result of bad governance. The main character of the story is Miriam, a young Eritrean woman; her father Zerom Bahta Hadgembes, a veteran of the struggle who resides in America and her childhood friend Senay who wanted to marry her but ended up being conscripted. Kings and Bandits Saleh “Gadi” Johar tells a powerful story that is never told: that many "child warriors" to whom we are asked to offer sympathies befitting helpless victims and hostages are actually premature adults who have made a conscious decision to stand up against brutality and oppression, and actually deserve our admiration. And that many of those whom we instinctively feel sympathetic towards, like the Ethiopian king Emperor Haile Sellassie, were actually world-class tyrants whose transgressions would normally be cases in the World Court. Simply Echoes A collection of romantic, political observations and travel poems; a reflection of the euphoric years that followed Eritrean Independence in 1991.

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  • Paulos

    Selam All,

    Mesfin Hagos’ daring paradigm shift has rocked the Opposition when he openly opted to work with the Weyanes and he is getting fast traction as the Yi’akil movement in US, Canada and UK are not only throwing their full support behind him but are declaring that Isaias is the number one enemy of the Eritrean people but of course in this Form when confused state of mind is the norm, anybody who entertains that idea is a Weyane Cadre or a stooge. I wonder if the Yiakil folks and Mesfin Hagos qualify for the vilification.

    • mad mullah

      Hi Paulos,
      What does it mean for Mesfin Hagos “to work with Weyanes”? What is his goal and how does working with Tigray government help him achieve his goal? What does Tigray government get for such a cooperation?
      How does 80+ year old ex-gedhli generation hero help the future of Eritrea? What is his qualification to be perceived as a leader?
      As Eritrean, what has 30+ years of Gedhli generation leadership taught us about their skills to build an effective civil society?
      Out of 5+ million Eritrea, is the option between two ex-gedhli 80+ years old leader the best we have?

      I think the Yiakil folks would be better served by working on Organizational science and developing effective social movement. The sad reality is no matter how horrible the Eritrean government is there hasn’t been any effective opposition.
      Maybe it is time for Eritrean to study social movement theory and organization…

      I personally believe relying on anyone from Gedhli generation for any form of leadership or direction is nothing but a dead-end. They just don’t have a skill or talent for leading a civil society. That is just reality.

      In terms of the Opposition, what is their platform? What is goals of Opposition movement? Since they formed their Opposition movement how much of their goals have the achieved? Where were they successful and not successful? 30years of opposition without any metrics is just reactive road to the status quo.

      • Paulos

        Selam Mad Mullah,

        That is obviously a lot to unpack. I suggest you forward the series of questions to him when you get the chance. If anything however, his military career is stellar when he was Commander of the Southern front in 1977; played a decisive role when he destroyed the Dergue army in Barentu in 1985; he was the main architect to the eventual demise of the ናደው-እዝ in 1988 among other things. And of course he is 74 years old where he looks fit and upbeat for his age. He is not 80 something years old as you alluded to.

        • mad mullah

          Hi Paulos, Thanks for correction about his age.
          He probably wouldn’t answer my question…
          He has no really qualification except running a guerrilla army. I don’t think action or bravery in battlefield translates to an effective civil leader especially in country like Eritrea without a constitutional framework or experience.

          Also, I believe we tend to forget the real heroes of those battles are the Eritrean that never made it back home. I have relatives that didn’t return. Those are my heroes.

          From in 1968 until 2020- we either have been in civil war type of situation or government without a civil society norm. That is 52 years of Gedhli generation leadership or involvement- we have 100K refugee in Ethiopia and about a million in Sudan… without mention condition of average Eritrean.
          The last thing we need is another guerrilla fighter…
          I believe the new generation should be given a chance… it is their future. Dr. Abiy is only 42 year with PhD. It is strange math but average Ethiopian leadership rank is half age of Eritrean leadership. The Ethiopian leadership is full of Master degree and PhD while we have college drops… Ethiopian open universities.. Eritrean closes them…
          Just think of mindset involved… We need the new generation to be in leadership role for new mindset and better future.

          Hagos spent his formative years in battlefield- once a fighter always a fighter… Just like Issias he has no education or civil service experience that can help him be flexible or make any adjustment to lead Eritrea.
          In the spirit of Yiakil- enough of any leadership roles for any member of Gedhli generation… advisor fine but not leadership…

          • Paulos

            Selam Mad Mullah,

            Well, having one advanced academic training in a certain field doesn’t mean he or she owns the license for every qualification possible including leadership. Perhaps, the main objective of academic training is on how to critically assess otherwise complex problems and find optimum solution among equal competing solutions.

            Abiy is a Ph.D so he says and possibly true but it is yet to be seen if it means anything when it is translated into governing a complex and big nation like Ethiopia. Point being, higher education is not a yard stick for governance when they say, leaders are born not made. You can not disqualify Mesfin Hagos on those kinds of misconceptions. Certainly one can invoke Socrates’ or Plato’s “Philosopher-King’s” but again that is a class room intellectual discourse.

          • mad mullah

            Hello Paulos,
            It is strange how education or advanced degree are devalued in the Eritrean Mindset. I think one of great damages to the Eritrean Mindset from the Gedhli generation is the disdain for education and universities… you can actually see it in the youth that come to America recently… I don’t blame them. They are a product of Zemen Denqoro. They don’t know that they don’t know…
            Eritrean leadership is classical example of Zemen Denqoro. If Plato was writing an Eritrean version it would be called “Denqoro-Kings”…

            The education level of Ethiopian leadership is not unusual or remarkable… it is what is required most advanced and developed countries…
            What scared Issias more than anything was educated people that is why he closed the university.
            How many countries in world are run by college drop outs? You might discover Eritrea might be the only one on the list…

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam mullah,

            In Venezuela, a former bus driver teamed up with Hizballah to make the previously moderately wealthy country go down the toilet flush.

          • mad mullah

            Hello Simon,
            I don’t know anything about that. It sounds you are spreading noise.

            As far as I know Venezuela has constitution and a free democratic elections. The people of Venezuela in a free democratic society have the right to elect their representative with its consequences. There was a Labor Union leader in Brazil by the name of Lula also democratically elected.

            Although it is completely erased or ignored in Zemen Denqoro- Eritrea had a decent labor union movement.


            The problem in Eritrea is we don’t even have a constitution forget free-elections or college drop outs in leadership role or university getting closed.

          • Simon Kaleab


            Venezuela, Lebanon and Iran have ‘free’ elections regularly. The latter 2 also have a lot of mad Mullahs in their parliaments. Would you recommend them as role models for Eritrea?

          • mad mullah

            Hello Simon,
            I like models like Botswana, somaliland, Ghana, Rwanda, etc…
            I also admire Singapore, South Korea, etc…

      • Saleh Johar

        Hi Mullah,
        I agree with you that the conveyor belt of leadership should not stop running. That is the only way to renew the blood of leadership. But I see something that is a bit of generalization and a bit arrogant–do you think any young person. is better that all the gedli generation you belittle, simply depending on age? My friend, the PFDJ is trampling over everybody and you making it sound that all gedli generation and to define all veterans by the PFDJ is wrong. You made good pints but you spoiled it by wild generalization and considering all young people fit for leadership based on age. Also, remember a struggle is not a fixed timetable, it takes what it takes. But you cannot bring it to fruition because you wished it. It took Eritreans 31 years to reach the finish line and still on the road. Now, you can see the struggle as one continuous line, divide it into phases, or anything you like. But between 1961 and 1991 not many rested. If you ask me, we could have been done in 1977 but we didn’t. Not because we didn’t know we were so close to independence, but there were international interests and leverages at play. Now, you cannot blame the gedli for failing to solve the social and international geo-politics. If that was a failure, all Eritreans are responsible. You cannot blame it all on the veterans. Fairness is the key my friend.

        Thank you

        • mad mullah

          Hello Saleh,
          I read your response and I am having difficulty make sense of it.
          What exactly are you saying?
          I don’t know what 1977 has to do what I am saying. The reason they didn’t get independence in 1976 it is because those idiots were busy killing each other over their EPLF vs ELF rivalry. The Gedhli generation have played their role and it is now for new generation to be in leadership role. This is natural and healthy for any society.
          It has failed miserably in forming an effective civil society that meets the need of its people.
          Yes. It is PFDJ but the opposition hasn’t been an effective opposition either.
          PFDJ and opposition are same coin just different sides.
          There are 50+ countries in Africa and 200+ in world, just give me one example of guerrilla movements that fought for 20-30 years that have come up an formed an effective civil society…
          We got Khmer rouge and we got the South Sudanese… if you study social movement and study organizational science- you will discover that behavior of PFDJ is predictable. The behavior of Opposition is predictable also.
          We don’t need college drops to be in leadership role…they have no mental flexibility…they know nothing about running a civil society that should be reason to disqualify them in any country.
          I don’t want the Eritrean refugee who have been in Sudan since 1968 to wait another 50 years to return home.
          If the Gedhli generation cares about the future… it also need to realize its time is up except for advising. Plant a Tree and take cover under it in your old days… that is wisdom of the ages…

          • Saleh Johar

            If you failed to understand my comment, sorry. I can’t add anything to it. Just wondering where you fit in the puzzle.

          • mad mullah

            Hello Saleh,
            I don’t know what the puzzle is… I am for Eritrean in Sudan finally returning home. I am for new generation with knowledge, talent, skill and understanding of civil society taking over leadership role. I am for acknowledging that Gedhli generation can only play advisory role- both side of the coin have shown they don’t know anything about running civil society.
            The Eritrean people paid ultimate price in lives and years for their independence.
            If the chinese came up with meritocracy in their civil service 2000 years ago- what are Eritrean giving the world or community.
            Do we aim for Gobezocracy of Paul Kagame, Lee Kuan Yew, Seretse Khama, Jerry Rawling, etc…
            or Do we aim for Denqorocracy of Issias and his party and the opposition.
            I realize we were colonized by the Italian and the best an Eritrean can aim for was 4/5th grade education level. The Italian were not educating the native Elite in best universities.. They actually believed the native’s intellect shouldn’t be sharped or developed.
            Look at Somalia one part is was colonized by Italian and another part by the British. The Italian Somalia is complete disarray and British Somalia has election and effective government for 20+ years…
            Education matters.
            Eritrea’s future is not going between EPLF vs ELF
            Eritrea’s future is not going between Independence generation vs Gedhli generation
            Eritrea’s future is between Gobezocracy vs Denqorocracy.

          • Saleh Johar

            Hi Mullah,
            It feels like I am reading my old articles. I had no issue with whatever you are repeating here. I made my point in the first comment. The rest is not a point of contention. I suggest we stop here and move on.

            Thank you

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam mullah,

            The Ghedli generation, governing or opposing, is expiring.

            The new generation is bored, dazed and confused.

            In the mean time, the band continues to play ‘I Love You Baby’ by Frankie Valli, and Project Eritrea evaporates into the clouds.

            If you are reading this, please go to YouTube and play ‘I Love You Baby’ loud, and dance to it with your lady.

          • mad mullah

            Hello Simon,
            I hope you enjoy the music as much as you have spent posting it.

          • Simon Kaleab


            The crux of the matter is in the first 4 lines of the post. Did you grasp it?

  • tarikh

    Hi Mr. Gadi and everyone. Thank you for this interesting article. It is not the first time, a writer in Eritrean politics attempting to portray ideas they disagree with as “Don Quixote della Mancha”. We heard it before in the same tune as “revisionist”, “nihilistic ” or “Anarchist ” mantra. What is clearly missing is the history that at one poin, a significant number of Eritreans including the parents of the many struggle leaders, advocating for the union of Eritrea and Ethiopia. What is also missing from the article is, the many jihadist groups that dont tolerate any other faith other than their own and want to set up an Islamic nation.

    • Saleh Johar

      Hi tarikh,

      1. Many people trying to point to the folly of some groups by likening it to Don Quixote or others does not make the assertion wrong. That is not the issue; it would be nice if you refuted the assertion not the examples given to explain the malady.
      2. Holding people for what their ancestries did is wrong unless they strive to repeat the old wrongdoing. That’s is the gist of my message.
      3. As a Muslim, I am disgusted and disappointed by the trend you follow: accusing every Muslim based on your paranoia and prejudice, not on facts.
      4. I have a challenge for you: how many organized groups do you know, those who as you say want to establish a Muslim state? And how many of those who want to establish Christian hegemony throughout history.
      5. Could you list the faith of the rulers and governments that wreaked havoc in Eritrea for centuries and show us who was responsible for the historical grievances.

      Pls don’t be defensive, just look at my questions and challenges and educate me.

      Thank you sir

      • tarikh

        Hi Salih, thank you for entertaining my idea. I hope I am not going to be defensive. The idea is, It’s not the assertion but to to use” don Quixote ” as a parable to describe movements that at one point were very popular and had a wide support is not nice! In addition, If movements such as Islamic Jihad had been included, it may somehow, would have made the assertion a little bit balanced.
        Mahber hibret, andnet or other splinter groups who advocated the union of Eritrea and Ethiopia are a sacred part of Eritreans history.
        A while back, a gentleman from the Kunama ethnic group told me that, the Kunama welcomed the Italian colonialism mainly because the Italian Pacification of Western Lowlands had brought peace and safety. Before that, they were under constant reign of terror and targeted violence by their sword carrying neighbors. In addition, in the 1949’s politics, when the political leaders had defend their position in NY at the UNHQ, neither the leaders of mahber Hibret nor the Christian pro-independence ever claimed Eritrean was 80% Christian. But the Muslim League leader claimed 80% of Eritreans were Muslim.
        As you might agree or not , Eritrea is an arbitrary creation of the scramble for Africa. I don’t think any Eritrean had any say on that but agree we should all have an equal say in what is going on in our country.

        • Saleh Johar

          I do not sway left and right just to look balanced to appease the crippling paranoia that inflicts is. Whatever that balance means to you. But I will not include Jihadis when it’s not my topic. At this moment, the only ones I see contemplating genocide against Muslims are the Agazian brutes. And since you seem to know what I do not know, I am curious to listen from you what’s the Jihadi threat that you consider is equivalent to the Agazian? In fact I am interested to learn from you when did any Muslim force rule over our region. Please list all including the dates so that we can have a meaningful and honest discussion.

          Thank you
          NB: there is something called artistic license (literary devise) and there are no rules on what examples, parables , or illustration one can use. For instance, I can say “I m afraid our discussion is sounding Quixotic 🙂

  • Nitricc

    Hi All; this is to the dishbags who have a problem with Arabic language. If this brave man avoided learning Arabic like the rest of you, he wouldn’t able to defend his country in the front line. I think the Egyptian authorities either they are extremely desperate or simply stupid. Now they are claiming that Ethiopia tricked them by showing one GERD while hiding the other. When the brave Ethiopian pressed the water and irrigation minster of Egypt, then the Minster said, we agree with Ethiopia to build a dam to collect water but now Ethiopia is tricking us to use the water to produce electricity. How stupid is that argument? Ethiopia, you better do you thing. i understand you got problem internally but you got to do this.

    • Selam Nitricc,
      How is it possible to do business with people who are ready to lie all the time? How is it possible to show one dam and build another, or produce electricity without building a dam on a river or collecting water behind the dam? What were they imagining ethiopia was building until the dam is more than 70% accomplished? Egyptian authorities are making a fool of themselves.
      To tell lies one should be intelligent enough to know how to lie. But, these politicians are dumb, and they are not even aware of it. Any fool can understand what a dam on a river is and what its purpose is. Egyptians have built the aswan dam and yet they don’t know the purpose of a dam or how a river produces electric power.
      Egyptian authorities are insulting the intelligence of their own people when they say such childish things. All throughout the discussions, what they did was to move one step forward, only to take a step backwards soon after. Hence, over ten years no agreement was reached. I think that the world community except the trump administration that wants a quid pro quo arrangement with al sisi can understand that egypt had been functioning disingenuously all along. As much as trump and al sisi are concerned, the aim was for al sisi to sell Palestine to the jewish state, and for trump to pay him by giving egypt the right to control the river nile. It will never work.

  • mad mullah

    Hello Saleh,
    Thanks for bringing world literature to the forum. I tried to read Don Quixote but never finished the text.
    I like your image of Issias as Don Quixote and Dr. Abiy as pancho. It is funny- however I think the role are reversed Doc Abiy should be considered Don Quixote. He is the one with PhD and traveling around Horn of Africa trying to bring lasting peace.
    Sancho is the uneducated peasant… in our case it would be our semi-literate ex-guerrilla fighter leader.. so ignorant he closes universities…

    Literature like everything has a different level of understanding. Sometimes it is not that there might be a right or wrong way- it could be their level of understanding might not have much depth. After college, I got introduced to Don Quixote again in business course.
    It is done by an ex-professor of Stanford university…
    There is different level of understanding of Don Quixote….

    However, I disagree about your view on Andenet and Aghazian. I only hear about these groups in this forum.
    First I don’t understand the meaning of their names..
    However, if Andenet are folks who were nostalgic about Haile Selassie days… that is a natural reaction. I met Indian as strange as it may sounds who were nostalgic about British days. I am sure there are Zimbabwean who are nostalgic about Rhodesia days… I think as we get older we associate our days of innocence with the period. I am sure if you go to Senior Citizen homes there are plenty american who are nostalgic about 1950’s… with all its racism and segregation. So, what is strange or unusually about an Eritrean who remembers the colonial days?
    So, the Andenet are sheep which you are confusing with armies in Quixote perspective.

    The second group are Aghazian. I don’t know much about this group except that they are talking about grouping or creating an identity around Tigrinya speakers. As far as I know these just an online group…
    These is not something to take seriously. They speak German in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. These are extremely developed countries and successful countries and language is just language. You don’t see them coming together. Or take Somalia and Somaliland- common religion and common language- you don’t see them forming one identity…
    The Aghazian are like windmills you are taking for giants.

    Yes. We have dysfunctional government run by semi-literate college drops out.. who don’t have mental flexibility to reform or make adjustment. However, I don’t think they are entirely the cause of the Andenet or Aghazian movement. The deeper question is what is lacking in Eritrean community in diaspora which causing these groups…

    Are the Andenet and Aghazian just windmills and sheep? Are we not confusing them with Giants and Armies?

    • Saleh Johar

      Hi Mullah,
      I think your knowledge about the groups mentioned is scanty. You have to trust me on this. I follow stuff like that 24-7:-)

      I understand people can be nostalgic but if stops at nostalgia, I wouldn’t have a problem. But when they are contemplating genocide and promoting racism any one with a conscience should confront them. Whoever they are.

      On the peasant Pancho, it’s him who becomes the top man and a leader of sorts that Quixote becomes his counselor. You should finish the book. If you do not mind Italian comedy, there is a link provided under the video. It leads you to the movie with subtitles.

      Importantly, you lean towards literature. I don’t blame you it is fun and educational. But the context in which I tell the story is on challenges, foolishness, and a host of other things. The literary part is just a vehicle to deliver the main messages.

      Thank you

      • mad mullah

        Hello Saleh,
        Is there a reason why comment has been marked as spam? Is this a new type of censorship?

        • Saleh Johar

          Nope, Mullah. There is nothing in the spam folder, just checked out of courtesy. Moderators are not allowed to communicate with forumers. Disqus is outsourced and moderators do not control it. If you have issues, contact or check the FAQ there.
          Please don’t address me personally on moderating issues. thank you