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Abyssinians And Arabs Have Similar Traits

Happy New Year, Aamkum Mubarek, RHuus Haddish Aamet, Bekitet Haddas Senet lideyya, Feliches neues Jahr, Feliz Agno Nuevo, Felice Anno Nuovo, Bonne Annee, Melkam Addis Aamet

The following are today’s topics of Negarit 114:

1. The Arab and Abyssinian counting of time is similar, and the origin of Gregorian calendar.
2. A popular saying, if you don’t thank human beings, you are unable to that God.
3. How watching video in a channel, you haven’t subscribed to and how it is like getting into a cinema house without a ticket.
4. Request for a feedback for a new short segment about languages and general knowledge.

Abyssinians And Arabs Have Similar Traits

I always say certain aspects of Abyssinians and Arabs are similar. But some prejudiced people feel uneasy due to traditional perceptions and over politicize languages. Worse, they deny any relation to the Arabs but are vocal when they want to highlight their ties to the fair-skinned Arabs and want to show superiority over other Africans. For some reason, they are worse than a declared white supremacist in their aversion to dark skin. That when they are of a middle eastern stock. That has its origin from the superstition built around the Queen of Sheba, the Solomonic lineage, and the biggest myth of the Kibre-Negest in which one can find the source of the present superiority complex among the Abyssinian elite. I will address that in detail is the future. But now let’s go to a glimpse of the history of the Gregorian calendar.

The Ethiopian day starts at sunrise and they start counting time from 1 O’clock. After 12 hours, the finish the day at 12 O’clock and start the second half of the 24-hour day at sunrise, I O’clock.

When I first arrived in Saudi Arabia, I was surprised to find out that the Bedouin Arabs used the same Abyssinian time counting. Even when their watch read 12 noon, they read it as 6 O’clock. The system seems practical to Ethiopian and Arabs because they live close to the equator where the length of day and night stays the same throughout the year, unlike Scandinavia where the length of day and night changes drastically.

The same goes with Ethiopian calendars that replaced the Julian colander around 24BC. That is why today, January 1, 2021 if the Abyssinian New Year which is seven years behind the Gregorian colander. However, the calendar that most of the world uses is Gregorian. In 1582 Pope Gregory wanted to enable Christians to celebrate Easter on the exact date and he though the Julian calendar was off by a few hours.

The Romans used Julian Colander, named after Julius Caesar, who was assassinated in 44 BC. (for those interested, I will put below a link to a free movie of Julius Caesar below). There are several variations of the story of Julius Caesar, but Shakespeare’s play has defined the common history. Shakespeare also popularized Julius Caesar’s known quote, et tu Brutus?

Today I didn’t want to raise the PFDJ, but here it is, can’t resist it. To understand the quote, imagine Isaias discovering a protégé betrayed him, and imagine him saying, et tu whatishisname! The quote is said when someone discovered his close friend has betrayed him. Julius Caesar died of 23-stabs by members of his senate, one of the stabbers was Brutus, a deed that surprised the Caesar.

Be Gracious, Not thankless

As I record this episode, Negarit channel has reached 17,000 subscribers. Building the channel was not easy but you my audience made it fun and rewarding. Thank you

I spend a lot of time researching topics, shooting, editing; and postproduction is the most time consuming and exhausting task. I go to a great length to produce topics that I hope my audience approve of–I would like to see a confirmation of that.

Having a loyal audience in great numbers is tricky; I do not depend on any sect, region, or of groups of specific political persuasion. My programs are meant to serve the Eritrean cause, and I focus on helping build a strong liberal democratic constituency. For that I depend on the citizens’ causes. AS you know, the social media map is very congested and at the end, only what the audience wants can survive.

Now allow me to thank a dear friend I came to know through Negarit–one of the benefits that I feel proud of. The friend sent me some old Quran books, 2 LouHs (the traditional wooden Tablet used in primary education), and other items. I am grateful for that and other gifts that my friend sent me though I cannot mention the names since I do not have a permission to do so. So, I preferred to make my appreciations publicly known.

Incidentally, I was trying to make a louH to use it as an aid in an episode I planned to present about Eritrean traditional primary education that many of us went through. Now I have the louH, an original one. But now let me ask you for a favor…please listen on

Cinema, Lottery And Colored Doors

If you like serious stuff, this is the place to be. If you want an Eritrean centered stuff, this is the place the place. If you believe in empowering the citizen, this is the place to be. If you also want to break taboos, this is the place to be. Let me tell you a story…

Once upon a time a king decided to have a place where his people can learn and be entertained. He built a large hall with rooms whose doors were painted with different colors: red, green, yellow, white, black etc. Each room had a different specialty: dramas, music and dancing, stale copied rumors and news, hyperbolic duels and personalized attacks, jokes, educating photography, computer programs, sports, etc. Each room had a presenter. When you come to the entrance of the hall, you find a counter displaying tickets of many colors corresponding the doors of the rooms inside. If a people know the color of the room they are going to, they buy a ticket of their choice and get in. If they don’t know, they ask for the door color of the room they want to get in and then but the ticket. Negarit has a room in the hall, a room with a blue. And now I am looking at the audience, some of them do not have tickets. Okay, I will tell another story and you will know who doesn’t have a ticket and who does.

WE had a cinema house In Keren though there are many who think Keren is so small a town it couldn’t have had a cinema hall. Three people managed the cinema. Ayya Kidane, the projector operator, the man who switches the lights on and off and respond to the audience shouts of Quadro-Quadro and whistling if there is a projector mishap. Ayya Negusse the ticket seller and cashier, and Ayya Abraha the door and ticket controller.

When Ayya Kidane is about to start running the movie, he will climb the stairs to the projector room, Ayya Negusse will star to count the money and prepare to close while Ayya Abraha will pull the curtains on the door to make the hall dark for the movie. He then walks away from the entrance to stretch his legs. Meanwhile, there were boys who didn’t have the ticket money and will stay in hiding until he walks away from the door. Then once they are sure he has given them his back; they dash to the door and enter the hall without a ticket. Buy Ayya Abraha had a photographic memory and remembers everyone who had entered the cinema with a valid ticket. A few minutes into the movie, Ayya Abraha goes inside the hall and makes rounds through the aisles checking the faces of the audience. And despite the darkness, he identifies those who sneaked in and pulls them by the ears, and klicks them out.

Now let’s go back to the hall of entertainment built by the king.

I have neighbors in the hall in rooms managed good colleagues like Yoel and the few others. Don’t be surprised, they were there in the ancient times, now they are living their second life, consider it a reincarnation, but they are not young, but living their second life. So, my room has a blue door and inside it’s cozy. When all the tickets in the outside are gone, the blue tickets do not sell well, and I must receive a few—I do not know anything about other stuff but what I deliver.

Do you know that only about 45% of subscribed people watch my videos? This is a two-pronged problem. 1) those who subscribe do not check the notification bell and do not know when a I upload a new one. “Please Subscribe and click the bell notification as well. 2) Those who have not subscribed are simply stingy. Why do I say that?

I am not good at Math; I am limited to the “Medemer” exercise I learned from the Ethiopian Prime Monster. And the YouTube algorithm accounts for many factors for a video to appear on the browser, on the related videos, or on the Next in line when you are watching. A few things drive that benefit: the subscribe, share and like buttons. If you watch Negarit, there is no Aya Abraha to remind you that you are watching without a ticket. Just subscribe on your own and help grow this channel—also, activate the Bell Notification, Share, Like, and all. It’s just a few clicks and it helps your fingers in case you want to learn the Krar, the Piano, or the guitar. I will count on you; let’s build this channel together if you feel the message and quality is up to your expectation and you want it to grow. And thank you in advance.

Mezza, Moqqwaseyi, Side Dish

My audience asks me to cover many topics; I wish I could do all. But I have been thinking of squeezing some in between the main topics in response to their requests. I will squeeze in a 1-3 mints segments in every Negarit Episode. Tell me your views and suggestions on how to improve it or whether you think it is a good idea or not.

Today’s Mezza is word comparison between Arabic and Tigrinya words. And here is an example of what I intend to do. Please it is not an in-depth linguistic presentation but general elementary topics that you can use as a steppingstone for further studies and research, or as a general knowledge.

There are patterns on how Arabic words are related to Tigrinya. For example. Arabic words with tza sound change to ts in Tigrinya: Azafir = atsafir (fingernails) Zelam = Tselam (darkness). On anatomy, the pattern is that most Arabic words become Tigrinya when (i) is added to the last word. Ayn = Ayni, Ezn = Ezni, Azm = Atsmi, Raas = Re’esi, etc.

Today was almost a PFDJ free episode but who is in a hurry? They will not stop their wicked deeds and we will not stop talking about it. For today, Happy New Year to all.

Free movie “Julius Caesar”.

About Saleh "Gadi" Johar

Born and raised in Keren, Eritrea, now a US citizen residing in California, Mr. Saleh “Gadi” Johar is founder and publisher of awate.com. Author of Miriam was Here, Of Kings and Bandits, and Simply Echoes. Saleh is acclaimed for his wealth of experience and knowledge in the history and politics of the Horn of Africa. A prominent public speaker and a researcher specializing on the Horn of Africa, he has given many distinguished lectures and participated in numerous seminars and conferences around the world. Activism Awate.com was founded by Saleh “Gadi” Johar and is administered by the Awate Team and a group of volunteers who serve as the website’s advisory committee. The mission of awate.com is to provide Eritreans and friends of Eritrea with information that is hidden by the Eritrean regime and its surrogates; to provide a platform for information dissemination and opinion sharing; to inspire Eritreans, to embolden them into taking action, and finally, to lay the groundwork for reconciliation whose pillars are the truth. Miriam Was Here This book that was launched on August 16, 2013, is based on true stories; in writing it, Saleh has interviewed dozens of victims and eye-witnesses of Human trafficking, Eritrea, human rights, forced labor.and researched hundreds of pages of materials. The novel describes the ordeal of a nation, its youth, women and parents. It focuses on violation of human rights of the citizens and a country whose youth have become victims of slave labor, human trafficking, hostage taking, and human organ harvesting--all a result of bad governance. The main character of the story is Miriam, a young Eritrean woman; her father Zerom Bahta Hadgembes, a veteran of the struggle who resides in America and her childhood friend Senay who wanted to marry her but ended up being conscripted. Kings and Bandits Saleh “Gadi” Johar tells a powerful story that is never told: that many "child warriors" to whom we are asked to offer sympathies befitting helpless victims and hostages are actually premature adults who have made a conscious decision to stand up against brutality and oppression, and actually deserve our admiration. And that many of those whom we instinctively feel sympathetic towards, like the Ethiopian king Emperor Haile Sellassie, were actually world-class tyrants whose transgressions would normally be cases in the World Court. Simply Echoes A collection of romantic, political observations and travel poems; a reflection of the euphoric years that followed Eritrean Independence in 1991.

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  • Nitricc

    Hi All; here is the truth from the man who provided the information for Sibhat Nega capturing and refused to get the 10 millions reward money. This it should break the TPLF supporters back on this forum. TPLF is dead, Shebia never participated in the war and all the distraction happened by the TPLF, The notorious Mesfin Siyum is in a process to be captured but the sad news is the crying general Tsadqan has escaped.
    hear it for yourself.

  • Brhan

    Hi Awatetstas,
    In case you miss this: SGH in Fanus Network: Ethiopians are a problem to Eritrea: both when they love or hate among themsleves.

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear Brhan,

      Thank you. I saw it before, but repeating it was interesting too. I enjoy it very much when I saw it once again.


      • Brhan

        Dear Bro Kokhob Selam,
        The interviewer and interviewee are great. Great questions from the former and deep and englighten answers from the interviewee!
        Enjoy your weekend

    • Mez

      Hi Brhan,

      Please don’t get cheated: life is local, coexistence is mutual. We may have the will–but not the power to do everything in our favour.
      We have to learn the art of give and take with our neighbors in thick-and-thin-days.


      • Brhan

        Hi Mez,
        I hope you listned the interview between Yoel and Saleh. I believe you did not. Listen to it and you will reach to your own conclusions mentioned above.

  • Abi

    ሰላም የሩቅ ተመልካቾች
    ምነው ዪኒቨርሰቲው ገዳም መሰለ?

    • Kokhob Selam

      Yes Abo,

      Most of us are busy following the war in Makele-the junta (“a military or political group that rules a country after taking power by force.”) are doing very good job.

      By the way you are interested about football..Fifa are moving the regional n office from Adiss Ababa to Kigali-Rwanda – can, kindly you inform me about it?


      • Abi

        All I know is tomorrow Colts are playing Bills.
        Don’t worry about the crippled juntas or the corrupted FIFA. The former is relocated to caves, the latter can relocate itself to Mars or Jupiter.

        Here is the Legendary Roha Band with equally legendary Ethiopian singer Tekle Tesfazgi.

        • Kokhob Selam

          Thank you Abi,

          Now again the central office of African market is transferring to Gana,

          “ሕብረት ኣፍሪቃ ንኹሉ ንጥፈታት ናጻ ዕዳጋ ኣህጉር ኣፍሪቃ ካብ ኢትዮጵያ ናብ ጋና ኣሰጋጊርዎ AFCFTA functions transferred to Ghana”

          What is going on?


          • Abi

            I think it is time you work for a moving company.
            Who is moving to where tomorrow?

  • A.Osman

    Selam Saleh,

    As always educational and something new to learn. I watched the video, commenting before reading the text.

    I thought the Ethiopian/Bedu Arabs hour count more logical, staring the count with sunrise or closer to it (it seems due to my equatorial upbringing). A google check shows that the 24 or 12 hours subdivision of the day is very ancient used by Babylonians and Chinese. Both are the founder of the morning or midnight count start and it now makes sense what I considered illogical approach is probably the better as it caters for those who live in the northern hemisphere, not having to worry about the changing time for sunrise.

    On the language, at times I stumble with words that I expected only one side uses and it turns out to be in both. Like in Arabic is FIK and Tigrigna KIF for opening, only to learn recently that in some regions in Eritrea they use FIK. The word Kebero, I never thought it as an Arabic word. I bumped into an interview and I heard one expert saying Kebero is a type Deff that is closed on both sides….on the simple similarities that you mentioned, probably they are in hundreds if not thousands. The ፀ Geez vs ض Arabic, I remember watching some explanation by Mr Bokre about Arabs not being able to sound ፀ (tse) so they settled for ض (dh). The Amhara must be doing worse by struggling with more letters :). On the linguistic gurra: you hear some Arabs saying classic Arabic does not borrow from others and I heard similar claim about Geez. Both giving “legasot” languages as though accepting that they borrow somehow diminishes their values .

    Have a nice weekend

    • Saleh Johar

      A . Osman,
      As you know language is fluid and living. It’s influenced and influences. Barrows and lend. Wherever societies inter-act with each-other, change is bound to happen. Sometimes it’s translation, or transliteration, or corruption, or even changes to fit the borrower’s language and culture. But many do not recognize this and think languages do not change and have no beginning as if it has been the same since it was created. I am sure if anyone travelled back in time, say 300 years, they wouldn’t understand their ancestors’ languages. What was Eritrean language centuries ago, different regions and people? What was the demography? But again, the Arabs and Abyssinians are obsessed with the belief that their language is original, as if they received a grammar manual and vocabulary from God ready to be used. And they adopted the language at one time and kept it in its original form. However, mythology and history confuses such people and they can’t come to terms that folklore and history have different beginnings and ends.

      Thank you

      • Kokhob Selam

        Thank you SGL,

        Very informative.