Home / Negarit / Negarit 68: Hope of Maidens

Negarit 68: Hope of Maidens

The following is the source of Negarit 68 fo my Youtube channel

Tesfa Denagil is a very light shower, a shy rain, that comes just before the farmers begin ploughing their fields. Tesfa Denagil is a sign of good rains which means good harvest and prosperity. The cows will be well fed, there will be ample milk, butter for food and other necessities. That also means the next wedding season young people will get married in lavish wedding ceremonies and establish a family. The young bachelors are on the look out, maybe they have already set their eyes on a maiden. While the maidens giggle happily dreaming about their loved ones becoming their husbands. It is the season of “Hope of the maidens” and a busy season for the entire family. We will return towards the end 

Repeating the same disclaimer

I don’t how many times I said this but I will keep repeating this until some people understand my intentions. Allow me to repeat that: my interest in sectarian mannerisms, behaviors and tradition, and politics, is limited to how that affects the Eritrean struggle. And I see that from the perspective of the struggle for dignity, freedom and rights. I have blind-spots and I do not see it from other angles. Therefore, those who try to criticize me from doctrinal angles, or purely from ‘I-have-the monopoly-on-such-topics’ attitudes, are actually pouring water in a holed barrel.

We have problems with the primitive and superstitious traditions of our region that influence our society. I am all for positive influences, but trying to push an already undereducated, economically and socially backward society, to the middle ages, cannot be ignored. The assault on our own indigenous cultural values is damaging. That is because we have kept our religion intact for 1400 years and we are very comfortable in our skins. We do not need reactionary cultures from the past to be imposed on us, in this age.

It’s irritating how our social discourse has been overloaded with unnecessary arguments. Worse, there are many who would not express their views without throwing empty rhetorics quoting a narration and scriptures. They support any argument with theological snippets unrelated to most topics, just to bolster their argument and to intimidate their interlocutors by pretending they have God and the Holy books on their side. It’s a dilemma, even if one tries to avoid getting entangled in such arguments (they are not debates), still, one feels like a hostage.

I do not buy into Hadith wholesale, a mixed bag of unauthentic, suspect, or simply irrational selections to serve an argument. In short, truth can be contested, but no one can claim sole ownership to it. More brief, I do not believe in every traditional story, or superstition, simply because if comes wrapped in a religious garb. Then the Wahabbis insult Sufis calling them grave worshippers! Really? What an arrogant and foolish assertion.

There is an exclusionary saying that the fundamentalist attribute to the prophet. They claim he said, my nation will be divided into 73 sect all of which are destined to hell fire except one. And the Wahabbis imply they are the chosen sect!

I do not believe in any of the Wahabbi superstitions that are taught in schools and colleges and universities and on Fetwa dispensing television shows. It’s just laughable. For example, the hat I wear is unacceptable because it has a “refref” (sun-visor). Hats without sun-visor (refref) are fine! So says a Wahabbi cleric, the late Bin-Baz who tells many irrational and awkward stories…..

There was one story of an African student in a dorm who was annoyed with his mate didn’t close the door behind him—“The African stretched his hand across the room to the door and slammed it shut. Maybe it’s an elastic limb. And then, many of them insult the Sufis whom they Suffis call grave worshippers. But the Sufis could mock and laugh at these kind of superstitions. I am a Sufi, never saw anyone worship a grave.

In short, superstitions are a legacy of humanity, regardless of creed or belief. It flourishes among the uneducated, primitive societies. But even when societies became educated, the superstitions are elevated to a palatable level, modified, improved with an entertainment value. That is why we have Harry Potter like stories. Superstitions have nothing to do with Sufis or non Sufis. But the Wahabbis have institutionalized superstitions and promoted them as an integral part of religion. Still, that wouldn’t be as bad as having politics mingled and promoted as religion which the Wahabbis have been perfecting for centuries. Superstition is not the domain of specific individuals people or sects, it’s a malady of all humanity, mainly the non- educated.

Now since everything in my content is supposed to be related to Eritrea, what does all that have to do with it?

We see complaints that Muslims are not turning out in meetings in satisfactory numbers and that the movements are not representative of the Eritrean social makeup. That is true and Eritreans face it all the time. Frankly speaking, the overwhelming number of meetings and activities are carried out by Tigrinya speakers. But does the attendance prove the actual social makeup of the population as the naïve wants to believe? Could it be that the non-Tigrinya speakers do not feel at home in the meetings and feel they are being taken for granted? Is there something wrong with the non-Tigrinya speakers that they are not attending in the activities in significant numbers? We have to find the answers if we are to move forward.

Didn’t I tell you that we have the Wahabbi sect and its equivalent sect among the Christians? If you did not yet believe me, I will present more arguments.

The two are both conformists, always on the side of the authority, any authority. While the Christian fundamentalists supported the PFDJ, for sub-national reasons, and it still does, the Wahabbis shunned any activity outside religion. They consider a struggle against the regime as the politics of vanity, and they do not want to get involved in it. They use so many ways to discourage people from getting involved and provide a refuge for the closet supporters of the regime. That is why leaders of the huge Muslim organizations discourage their members from engaging in the struggle. Their excuse? “We have regime supporters among us and if we get involved, we will be divided”! So what? Shouldn’t you be divided along the lines of those who support justice for Eritreans and those who don’t? Why should Eritreans be blackmailed between wanting to belong to a community and between struggling against the unjust regime?

This is sad when we consider the role of Muslims throughout history. We didn’t have a meeting of Muslims where justice, charity, and spirituality was not raised.  History is testimony to the patriotic role of Muslims who were always in the forefront of any national struggle. What happened for Muslims to go through such a regression?

The Christian fundamentalists mostly use scare tactics. They preach, “if the PFDJ regime falls, the Jihadists (all Muslims are portrayed as such) will take over power, our legacy, and the harvest of our struggle will be lost”… and they use emotional blackmailing terms like, “Isaias is our son, the child of our sacred cow.”

These are the kind of people you find in the forefront of many PFDJ activities.

The two groups have done enough damage. They have emasculated many Eritreans who are now inactive in the current struggle against injustice. And when they see the tides turning against them, they join the justice camp in droves and want to take over everything, and be in charge of the struggle on a part time basis.

Final word. No struggle wins without being organized, and no Eritrean organization that doesn’t reflect the diversity of Eritreans will win. Until recently I advocated for people to just get organized and continue convincing others to join in order to create a critical mass. Just do it regardless of your sect, region or anything else. Now that phase is over. We have to create organizations that look and smell like Eritrea. Therefore, the following are needed.

Unity

Unity starts from the heart and should be followed by deeds. Unity is not something you shout, like an empty slogan, without the will to provide what it takes to be united. Firstly, one needs to recognize that every Eritrean is equal to another. They have the same rights and obligation. Eritrean identities should not be covered to make others feel comfortable. If some people are not willing to recognize the multiple layer identities of others, they are not ready for unity.

Tesfa Denagil, Again

Today the weather is just like the weather of Tesfa Denagil in Eritrea. It’s 2 pm and the light showers have not stopped since early morning. Looking tat it, I remembered the hope of maidens, and I said to myself, could this be Tesfa Denagil, could it be a sign that we will finally have an Eritrean national wedding?

I know what you are thinking—it’s superstition. But it’s the good type of superstition, like Harry Potter. Stay positive

About Saleh "Gadi" Johar

Born and raised in Keren, Eritrea, now a US citizen residing in California, Mr. Saleh “Gadi” Johar is founder and publisher of awate.com. Author of Miriam was Here, Of Kings and Bandits, and Simply Echoes. Saleh is acclaimed for his wealth of experience and knowledge in the history and politics of the Horn of Africa. A prominent public speaker and a researcher specializing on the Horn of Africa, he has given many distinguished lectures and participated in numerous seminars and conferences around the world. Activism Awate.com was founded by Saleh “Gadi” Johar and is administered by the Awate Team and a group of volunteers who serve as the website’s advisory committee. The mission of awate.com is to provide Eritreans and friends of Eritrea with information that is hidden by the Eritrean regime and its surrogates; to provide a platform for information dissemination and opinion sharing; to inspire Eritreans, to embolden them into taking action, and finally, to lay the groundwork for reconciliation whose pillars are the truth. Miriam Was Here This book that was launched on August 16, 2013, is based on true stories; in writing it, Saleh has interviewed dozens of victims and eye-witnesses of Human trafficking, Eritrea, human rights, forced labor.and researched hundreds of pages of materials. The novel describes the ordeal of a nation, its youth, women and parents. It focuses on violation of human rights of the citizens and a country whose youth have become victims of slave labor, human trafficking, hostage taking, and human organ harvesting--all a result of bad governance. The main character of the story is Miriam, a young Eritrean woman; her father Zerom Bahta Hadgembes, a veteran of the struggle who resides in America and her childhood friend Senay who wanted to marry her but ended up being conscripted. Kings and Bandits Saleh “Gadi” Johar tells a powerful story that is never told: that many "child warriors" to whom we are asked to offer sympathies befitting helpless victims and hostages are actually premature adults who have made a conscious decision to stand up against brutality and oppression, and actually deserve our admiration. And that many of those whom we instinctively feel sympathetic towards, like the Ethiopian king Emperor Haile Sellassie, were actually world-class tyrants whose transgressions would normally be cases in the World Court. Simply Echoes A collection of romantic, political observations and travel poems; a reflection of the euphoric years that followed Eritrean Independence in 1991.

Check Also

Ethiopians and Eritreans Need to Have a Serious Talk

Once someone took a snide at me and called me “ambetta belitta;” it means locust …

  • Paulos

    Selam My Good People,

    Phytoplankton[s] and Saudi Arabia.

    When we meet or come across to someone, how often do we notice the person’s nose? I say, hardly where more often than not, we make eye contact where the rest parts of the face sort of becomes a blur. But if you really think about it, the nose is an under-rated and under-appreciated part of the human body. It is a conduit to the lungs where air is vital to our own survival but of course one can say that, we can breath through the mouth as well, true but only for so much not effective as much as the nose. When the nose is a conduit, the real deal is however, the lungs where the air we breath-in is spread out through the body to burn the food we eat as much as any inflammable material can not burn without oxygen. The lung commands a key role in the human body including animals alike, of course.

    It should be equally relevant in this Eco-charged era to ask if Planet Earth has lungs. Well, it does have lungs particularly when we think of it as an organic and self-sustaining being as in the Gaia hypothesis, for instance. Most experts think and believe that the panaromic Amazon Rain-Forest is the lungs of our planet but in its true sense, the lungs of Earth are found with in the depth and vastness of the great oceans.

    If the food chain begins with the plants, it starts with microscopic organisms otherwise known as Phytoplankton[s] who capture the energy sunlight and convert the carbon with in carbon-di-oxide into sugar through the process called Photosynthesis. But here for now, what interests us most is not what they do but what happens to them when they die, particularly when they die due to natural causes as in when they are not eaten by Zooplankton[s] with in the cruel world of predator-prey game.

    *Well, when they die, they get consumed by decomposing bacteria that recycle the carbon and other nutrients back around the system–with in the ocean. Moreover, when they die, they drift down the water column to darker and darker depths, joined by slowly sinking mineral grains blown in by wind or waged in by rivers from the continents. This steadily settling precipitation of decaying organic matter and inorganic detritus towards the sea floor is known as Marine Snow because it looks like a vast milk when viewed particularly from up the space. In today’s world, even the deepest parts of the oceans are well oxygenated by the global circulation of sea-water and most of the organic remains of the Phytoplankton[s] are digested by bacteria and the carbon is recycled again. But here is rather important question: What would have happened to the remains of the Phytoplankton[s] if there was no oxygen at the deep level of the oceans?

    For starters, the bacteria would not have been able to decompose them. And that was what exactly happened 100 to 200 million years ago. That sure is a long long time ago. With in the Geologic time, the Cretaceous [I know it is mouthful but it means chalk in Latin–a sort of limestone] period was a period where Earth had only two continents oriented one to North and one toward South. And as it was said earlier, the depth of the ocean was devoid of oxygen as well. Again, the carbon with in the dead Phytoplankton[s], instead of being recycled, it would be buried along side the sands that would accompany it toward the deep level of the ocean. And over the span of millions of years, the carbon accumulates as a black, organic rich mud on the sea-floor. Under immense pressure, this carbon loaded mud becomes buried further deposits so that it is squashed and hardened into black shale rock.

    Due to the enormous heat with in the interior of the planet, the dead organisms are broken down into long chain Hydrocarbon molecules of oil and if the shale is exposed to a higher temperature, the long chain Hydrocarbons are further broken down into shorter chains as in Methane, Ethane, Propane and Butane which is essentially Natural Gas. And that is the beginning of the history of Crude Oil and Natural Gas around the world that had changed not only the dynamics of economics but geo-politics in a fundamental way as well. Some of you might have read the Pulitzer Price winner book, “The Prize. The Epic Quest For Oil, Money And Power” and it illustrates the profound impact of oil in world history.

    Certainly, complex climate transformations over millions of years rendered the present day Arabian peninsula into a desert where it was once inundated with ocean-water but serendipity had it that it struck oil in the early 30s or 40s where much debris of Phytoplankton[s] had been buried before the region was turned into a lifeless desert. Not only oil transformed the region but it attempts to influence other nations who hadn’t been grave-yards of Phytoplankton[s] as in Eritrea or Ethiopia, for instance when their respective leaders in apron for ever ready to take orders.

    *The concept is mainly taken from a book by Lewis Dartnell titled, “Origins: How Earth’s History Shaped Human History.”

    • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

      ዶተረ:
      በዞም ምሁራትና ይሓርቕ ንድይ ኔረ [ዶ ዋላስ ይቐንእ? ]: ኣብ ዓዋተ ዘለኹም ግን ሚዛንኩም ‘ንዳ ወሰኸት ኬዳ! [ኣይትሰከፍ ‘ታ ሚዛን ባዕለይ ዝሰራሕኩዋ ‘ያ። ንጨጓር ዳንጋ ዓሰርተ-ኪሎ ዝያዳ ‘ለዋ። ውሒዱ ዶ ሓቀይ?] ንኺድ ጥራይ!

      ኣንታ ሰብኣይ ‘ንታይ ገበርናካ ኣብ ምህውታት ተእተውና? ናብዛ ጽሕፍትኻ ‘ዶ ክንምለስ ሓቀይ? ግርም!

      Dottere:
      This is simply beautiful! ‘ዘን ዝጸልአን ዝነበርኩ [‘ዶ ዋላስ ዝ ጸልኣኒ?] ኬምስትርን ባዮሎጅን ከተፍትወኒ ‘ኻ ግዲ?
      I have few questions/comments though:
      1. The lungs where the air we breath-in is spread out through the body to burn the food we eat as much as any inflammable material can’t burn without oxygen. [Could that be the reason we don’t dear to eat lungs?]

      2. Phytoplanktons:
      a. capture the energy sunlight. [What happen to this optical energy?]
      b. convert the carbon within carbon-di-oxide into sugar through the process called Photosynthesis. [So, is the sugar within their body or released to the ocean thru some kind of process?]
      c. when they die, they get consumed by decomposing bacteria that recycle the carbon and other nutrients back around the system–with in the ocean. [Is this contributing to the global warming somehow?]
      d. In today’s world, even the deepest parts of the oceans are well oxygenated by the global circulation of sea-water and most of the organic remains of the Phytoplankton[s] are digested by bacteria and the carbon is recycled again. [What is the reason for this abundant oxygen in the ocean?]

      ሕቶ ተበዚሑስ ትምህርቲ ከይትገድፎ። ስለዚ ንሎሚ ኣብዚ ይኣክል።
      ስማዕንዶ ግን: ኣብ ኤረትራሲ ነዳዲ ዝበሃል የሎን? ኣነስ ነዞም ክምርምሩ ‘ዶ ክመራመሩ ኢሎም ዝመጹ ‘ዞም ስግር-ባሕሪ ይኸፍልዎም ከይህልዉ: መታን ከቋርጽዎ።
      ናይ ዓዃይ ሓንጎል ሃለውለው ዩ ዘብል።

      • Paulos

        ማሃንድሳይ,

        I feel like I have known you for ages, I don’t know why to be honest with you but if I could guess, it could probably because of your sense of humour. Your comments laced with ዋዛ ምስ ቁምነገር always leave me with something to take home and laughing as well and thank you for that.

        I remember asking a simple arithmetic question to my five years old niece and she said, እዝስ ኣይበጻሕናዮን when it was basic multiplication. And I must say the same thing to your series of questions 😂.

        If I could try though, the first question is related to the laws of energy where energy is neither created nor destroyed where in this case, the solar energy is turned to chemical energy. But if we talk about thermodynamics in general, it gets a bit complex where the Law of Entropy comes into the picture where in its true meaning, Entropy is the measure of the hidden information and hence very complex concept but still relevant to the issue at hand including Photosynthesis.

        On the second question, the Phytoplankton[s] are plants in their own right so to speak where the sugar molecule is part of their body where Zooplankton[s] feed on them and the sugar is transferred on to them the same thing for us as we get sugar from plants as well. So the sugar is not released per se as oxygen is released into the atmosphere.

        On the third question, as you know plants including Phytoplankton[s] release oxygen to the atmosphere where on the other hand they consume carbon-do-oxide as they convert it to simple sugar, as such, in a sense they decrease global warming for carbon-do-oxide is one of the main Green-House gases where they contribute to the global warming. The carbon that gets recycled by the bacteria is recycled through the bacteria when the bacteria are eaten by higher organisms with in the ladder of the food chain.

        • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

          Selamat Dottere,
          Thanks for the explanation. If you were one of my Profs, I probably would pass, since you simplify a complicated subject smoothly 🙂
          እዝስ ኣይበጻሕናዮን has been upgraded[that’s how they see it] to እዚ ኣይምልከተካን ‘ዩ [ኣብ ግዜ ህግደፍ]

          I was happily reading your response, till I reached to the section that mentions about Entropy.
          ኣታ ዶተረ: ‘ትትምህርትኻስ ናይ ሰብ ምድሓን ዶ ኣይኮነን ‘ዩ? ብስምባደ ‘ዛ ልበይ ብኣፈይ ክትወጽእ። ሳላ ነዛ ጎሮረይ ሕንቕ ኣቢለ ሒዘያ ‘ምበር ካላስ ነፊራ ኔራ። ሎሚ ለይቲ ዕሙር ምብህራር ናተይ ኢለ ክሕዛ ‘የ። ብኡ ይሕለፍ ‘ዩ ዘብል።

          I will share the story about Entropy next time but I never like that word.
          በል ገጸይ ክሕጸብ: ረሃጽ ብረሃጽ ‘ኳ ጌርካኒ። ‘ዞም ምሁራት ዝብልዎም ሰባት!

          • Paulos

            ማሃንድሳይ,

            ተማሃራየይ ተትነብር ኔርካ ሓንቲ ማዓልቲ ከማን ኣይምጸናሕካን ወይካኣ ጽላል ዘርጊሕካ ክትማሃር ወይካኣ ኣብ ድሕሪት ኮፍ ክትብል ተዘይኮንካ፣ ምኽንያቱ ክዛረብ ከለኹ ዳርጋ ሓደ ሊትሮ ጥፍጣፍ’የ ዘንጥር ናብ ኩሉ ወገን 😂። ተስፋ ገብር ሕጂ ምስ ሳሓቕኩ ጥፍጣፍ ነጢሩካ ኸይከውን።

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ዶተረ:
            ሰሓቕ ሞይተ! ናይ ነገር ዓርቢ ‘ዩ መስለኒ ውሑዳት ሰባት ጥራይ ኢና ተሪፍና ኣብ ስራሕ። ‘ምበር ኣብ መሬት ወዲቐ መንገርገርኩ ኔረ።
            ሓድ ወዲ ዓድና [ለምለም በይ ኤርያ ማለተይ ዩ], well respected by his peers, ፍሉጥ ዶተረ ነሩና [Dr. Haile Debas @ UCSF], ናቱ ቦታ ከይተካእካያ ኣይትተርፍን።
            ኣፈይ ይስዓር!

          • Paulos

            ማሃንድሳይ,

            The man is huge in surgery and you would see his name indexed in some of the old surgery books as he has serious publication to his credit. His CV is said to be as thick as a book where mine is merely half a page 😂.

            Next week-end God willing that is, will try to comment on the amazing relationship between Information as we know it as bytes and Entropy.

      • Hashela

        Selam Engineer

        You raised important questions. Paulos gave relatively correct and entertaining answers. Building upon Paulos’ reply, I want to give a bit deeper and “technical” explanation because I am certain that you, as an engineer, are receptive to this kind of excursion! Nonetheless, for the sake of general audience I will try to make it simple (but not simplistic) and avoid mathematical formulation such as Langerigian fluid dynamic equations. Uncle Saleh, stay with us!

        Here I want to focus on your last question regarding to the source of oxygen and the mechanism of deep sea ventilation (aeration).

        The direction and depth of ocean current (ocean circulation) is important for the aeration of the deep sea. To illustrate this, I will briefly contrast the geometry and ocean circulation between today (Atlantic Ocean) and the old ocean that existed more than 100 million years ago.

        Today in the Atlantic Ocean surface water flows from the south to the north (we called meridional circulation). So surface water flows from the South Atlantic across the equatorial and tropical Atlantic toward North Atlantic. Because the tropics receive more Sun energy, the surface water experiences large scale evaporation and, as a result, the salinity of the surface water increases dramatically. At the same the tropical surface water gets thermally expanded, meaning an increase in volume. Therefore, in the tropics we have two competing processes/results. i) the water becomes saltier (increase in densty) due to evaporation. ii) the warming that causes thermal expansion of the water, reduces the density of the water. As result of these competing physical processes, the surface water in the tropical ocean remain bouyant (floating). The warm and salty surface water contnues to flow to the North Atlantic Ocean. Arriving there (North Atlantic), super cold winds coming from Canada and northeastern USA sweeps over the warm surface water and “steal” the heat of the surface water and take it to northern Europe, making Great Britain warming than it should be.

        The cooling of salty surface waters in the North Atlantic leads to two very important physical properties.

        I) the cold surface water solves more gas (inluding oxygen) from the atmosphere. As you remember, the solubility of gases in water is a function the water temperature. The colder the water the more gases it solves/absorbs.

        II) the cooling of the surface water in the North Atlantic leads to a thermal contraction of the water (reduction of volume). This means the cooling increases the density of water. Now, we have an additive effect: the cooling in the north and the salinity gain in the tropical Ocean makes the surface water more dense than the water below the surface water. As an engineer, you immediately have noticed this situation creates instabilities. In other words, it is impossible to store a densier water above less densier water. So the densier and oxygen-rich surface water sinks to the deep sea and ventilates (oxygenates) the deep sea.

        Now, let’s have a brief look the geometry and circulation direction of the old ocean (paleo-ocean) whose sediments is blessing the Mid East and beyond.
        That old ocean was constrained in the tropics and was oriented in the east-west direction (we called zonal circulation). With regard to deep sea oxygenation, this geometry has a detrimental consequence. Ocean water that circulates in the tropics is not exposed the cold temperature of the high and mid latitude. The warm tropical water remains bouyant (meaning it does not sink and solve less gas).The consequence is that you have a very weak deep sea oxygenation. The lack of oxygen allows more preservation of organic matters that s produced by phtytoplanktons, as nicely explained by Paulos.

        In order to recover (collect) the natural gas and oil from the rocks, the porosity and permeability of the rocks play a very central role. If there is interests and my time permits, I can explain this at later time poin,

        To borrow Uncle Saleh’s concluding word: ተማሒርኩም

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Dr Hashela,

          👍 well done. I wish this was accompanied with diagrams that shows the ocean current that include the meridional circulation of the ocean flow. Continue the lesson pls. ተማሂርና’ሎና:;

          • Hashela

            Selam Amanuel

            I fully agree with you. Evolutionarily, our brain is trained to quickly realize and analyze pictures/images. So incorporating figures and images is very helpful. I am not sure whether Awate allows posting that includes graphic illustrations.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dr Hashela,

            Yes they do, Just do it in a featured short article that will remain in their archive for all purposes of references. Go for it brother.

          • Hashela

            Amanuel
            You are a word smith. It is ingenious to transform “ተማሒርኩም” to “ተማሂርኩም”።

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Dr. Hashela,
            Prof Amanuel Hidrat [aka ርእሰ ደብሪ ኣማኑአል] is well versed in so many subjects.
            ጸዓዱ ደ claim ጌርማ እምበር Entropy ፈጢሩዋ ከይከውን ይጠራጠር ‘የ።
            I know, I know, may be his ancestors. Entropy ቅደም ንድዩ ተገሊጹ ከምትብል። መትሓዚ ‘ኳ ስኢናልኩም ዞም ዶኳትር?

        • Paulos

          Hashela,

          Ok answer? Glad you didn’t fail me 😂.

          • Hashela

            Selam Paulos

            Allow me to make one thing very clear. You did an exceptional job in making a complexe topic accessible to the general audience. As academics, you and I know that the hardest part in writing a scientific paper is the introduction section. Because there we must describe and explain in simple words the previous findings, the open questions, the motivation and novelty of our work. You are specially gifted to synthesize and simplify complexe natural processes.

          • Paulos

            Selam Hashela,

            Of course I was messing with you. But joke aside, I read your inputs with the sense of seriousness they deserve including your areas of expertise and the one you have elegantly explained to the series of questions ማሃንድሳይ posed.

            As you have aptly put it, the challenge is to present the otherwise intimidating and complex scholarly works to the general audience including the Awate Forum as I am part of the audience on the receiving end as well.

            And I must say, glad you are here as you keep teaching and sharing with the rest of us what you have worked hard over the span of your academic career. Thank you.

        • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

          Selamat Dr. Hashela!

          ዛጽሓፍካያ ዳርጋ ቅድሚ ሰለስተ ሰዓት ‘የ ኣንቢበያ [በጃኻትኩም ኢለኩም ነቢበያ ኣይትበሉ: ዕግርግር ዩ ዝብለኒ]

          ‘ንታይ ክብለካ: የግዳስ መርዘነይ ኣተሲእካያ። ‘ንታይ ገበርኩኻ ኣንታ ዶተረ? ከላእ! ዒላበርዒድ ኬደ ክሓተልካ ‘ለኒ።

          ‘ዛ ስድራ ‘ኳ ብምሉኣ መሽረፈት ትሕዝ: ገለ ትሕዝ: ከተንበድብደለይ ውዒላ።

          [ሓበሬታ: እዚ ቅድሚ ምንባብኩም ታይለኖል ውሰዶ ወይ ድማ ገለመለታት ኣብ ላዕሊ ክትልጥፎ ኔሩካ]። ሓጸልጸል ‘ኳ ‘ዩ ክብለኒ ኣርፊዱ።

          Back to the topic:
          First, as those ሊቃውንቲ brothers mentioned, this is highly educational and thank you for sparing your valuable time to share your knowledge, for free!
          While you are there, please include some equations [as optional] and some of the math junkies [like me] can relate to.

          To our ተማሒርኩም ሓውና, thank you for opening this wonderful AU, free of tuition.

          ምልክታ: ‘ንድሕር ሃውቲተ: ነዞም ናይ ዝገዛ ዶኳትር blame ግበሩ።
          ኣነ ሓላፍነት ዝውሰደሉ ምኽንያት የብለይን: ኣይረኣየንን ድማ።
          Approved by ጠበቓ ናይ መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ, Abraham Solomon, JD

    • Abi

      Paul
      Friday’s Special!!!
      As expected this one is አልማዝ!!

      • Paulos

        Thank you Abination. I appreciate.

        • Abi

          Paul
          Paul: “ Good evening Kibur Ras, what would you like to have tonight?
          Abi. : what is your special for tonight?
          Paul : It is Phytoplankton!!
          Abi : python!!??!!?? I don’t eat snakes በስመአብ!!!
          Paul: ha ha ha … ! It is a vegetarian dish from Amazon.
          Abi: It sounds delicious, let me have two of them. Make one of them Togo. I will have it for tomorrow lunch while watching soccer.

    • Saleh Johar

      Paulos,
      There were many Neem trees in the street I grew up. One particular tree was my favorite. Its shade in like nothing you experienced. Now I am wondering if it had a nose or went through photo-something at all. This is probably the most difficult question you will ever encounter. If you do not know the answer, just tell me “እዝስ ኣይበጻሕናዮን” 🙂

      • Paulos

        ኣያይ,

        እዝስ ኣይበጻሕናዮን ጥራሕ ዘይኮነስ ፈጺምና ኣይንበጽሖን ኢና 😂.

  • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

    ሰላማት ዓዋተ

    ተስፋ ደናግል
    ንሓረስታይ ዘዐንግል
    ንጓሳ ኣጀብጅብ የብል
    ብዓቢኡ ድማ ንክሊማ ኣዝሕል
    ኣደይ ማርያም !
    ይዝከረኒ ደስክብል
    ንሱ ምስተሳእነ ‘ኳ’ዩ ክንደይ ሰብ ዘማህልል
    ጸሎቱ መልሲ ተረኺቡ ግን ድሙቕ ዕልል

    ተስፋ ደናግል ሳጓ ናይ ጥምቕ
    ንጻዕራም የሕጉስ ንሃካይ የሕርቕ
    ወረ ኢሎምና ንሰብ-ሓዳር ይዓርቕ
    ካቲቮ ‘ዶ ፈትዎ ኸውን መታን ክሰርቕ
    ኣነ ሓውካ
    ‘ታ ግራተይ ሂበ ንመፋርቕ
    ክጨርም ይሓድር ስጋዕ ዝበርቕ
    ‘ንታይ ገበርናኪ ሰብ ተዛርቢ ኣንቲ ጥምቕ ?

    • Hashela

      ተዘክሮ ጓሶት

      ጥምቕ፥ ኣንቲ ጥልቕይቲ
      ምስ ግመ ልፍንቲ
      ቀይርክንኦ መዕልት ናብ ልይቲ

      ንሃካይ ኮንክንኦ መመኽነይቲ
      ንሁርኩት ኣድሒንክንኦ ካብ ዓይኒ ኣቕሽሽቲ

      ጓሳ ቶኽቶኽ ናብ ብዓቲ
      ኣሓ ትክ ኢለን ናብ ዘራእቲ

      ጉልባብ ውሃብቲ ንጻህየይቲ ምእንቲ ከተኹሩ ኣብ “ዕዮ’ ልይቲ

      • Haile S.

        ሰላም ሓሸላ ምስ ሰብ ጀበና

        እልልልልል
        ሓሸላ ወሊደን ናይ ሓባብ ገራህቲ
        ግጥሚ ዝፍልፍል ከም ደበና ክረምቲ

        ኣፍቅደለይ ሓንቲ መስመር ክውስኸልካ ኣብዛ ግጥምኻ፡

        ዝብኢ ትወልደሉ ኣብ ጸሓይ ብርቕቲ

        ስለምንታይ እንተኢልካኒ፣ ኣብ ብዙሕ ከበሳ ኣከባቢ፡ ጸሓይ በሪቓ እንከላ ማይ እንድሕሪ ቲፍቲፍ ኢሉ፡ ዝብኢ ትወልድ ኣላ ተባሂሉ ይእመን ስለ ዝነበረ።

      • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

        ሰላማት ዶተረ ሓሸላ!
        ግጥሚ ቤላ
        ነዛ ናይ ፕሮፈሰር-ሃይላት ክውሽኸላ
        ‘ዛ ሽምካ ግን ትገርመኒ ‘ላ
        ትርጉም ክደሌላ
        ሓሸላ! ጠዓመላ! ኣምሐረላ! በለጸላ!

        ‘ዶ ትኸውን ክብል ከሽርፋ ጀሚረ
        ንውሑዳት ሰባት ‘ውን ሓቢረ
        ገለ ቁሩብ ነገር ተማሂረ

        ‘ንተኾነ ግን ኣይረኸብኩን ንጹር መልሲ
        ከላ! ግደፈኒ በዚሑና ትቓልሲ
        ከዝልላ ናይዛ ወረጃ በዓልቲ-ቤተይ ስልሲ
        መርሲ

        • Hashela

          ምሃንድስ

          ናት ጉድለት ኣይኮነን፥ ኣብ ክንዲ ናይ ኤርትራ rural geography
          ጽዓዱ ምሂረሙና ናይ ሮማ urban geography

          ሃየ፥ ኣትብዕ ማሕረሻኻ
          ጽረብ ዱግሪኻ

          ሕለፎ ንደቂ-ዓንዱ፡ ኣእዕርፍ ኣብ እድርባ
          ቅጽል ርባርባ

          ኣላግስ ኣብታ ኹጆት
          ኣብኣላ ንእስቶ ቑሾት

          ግዓት ቡልቱግ ምስ ኣምስሑኻ
          ሓሸላ ወድኹም ቅቡቕ ኣሎ በሎም በጃኻ

  • Hi, a question to Saleh,
    are the arab states or any for that matter, dominators of Islam, ‘elmanawiyan’ Secular? why?

    • Saleh Johar

      Yosief,
      There are 1.6 billion Muslims, all over the world. They speak in hundreds of languages and live in different parts of the world. The Arabs are a fraction of that. And when people mention Arabs, particularly in the last few decades, they are often referring to the Gulf-Arabian region. No one dominates Islam, but the able has exerted a lot of pressure and influence due to unlimited resources. Furthermore, just like all Christians do not belong to one sect, Muslims have so many sects. In brief, you cannot speak of Muslims or Christians as one bulk because they are divided into sects and naturally have different cultures, socio-economic peculiarities, etc.

      • Paulos

        Selam Ayay,

        Agree. This weekend, God willing that is, will comment on the connection between Phytoplankton[s] and Saudi Arabia. The connection between Science and History–Geography.

        • Abrehet Yosief

          Selam Dotore,
          Even your “prossimamente” announcements send me to a dictionary
          :-).

          • Paulos

            ሰላም ፍትውትን ክብርትን ሓፍተይ,

            ብዙሕ ትጠፍእና ኣለኺ፣ ንስኺ ዘየብሉ ኣይግድን፣ ጻዕቒ ናብራ ይሕዘኪ’ሎ መስለኒ፣ ንዓና ዝኸውን ግዜ ለግስልና ሓደራኺ ብዙሕ ስለዝጎደልክና።

            Back in the days, when you and I were teens, we used to call prosimamente ታህዲድ ፍርቂ ሓይሊ as they pitched for us the number of ጥፍእ and ደርፊታት when the movie happened to be Indian movie in particular. Mine however, might fail to to live up to your expectations for it is devoid of teary sentiments of love songs and Adrinaline rush as the hero fights off the villains.

  • Haile Zeru

    Hi SGJ,

    I heard this song and I feel somehow compelled to share it with you and other Awatistas. I think it was around for sometime and probabaly everybody heard it.

    https://youtu.be/yqW5vAmkkko

    In case you are hearing it for the first time I will give you a sneak peek to the lyrics.
    ……ነስአተኒ ሳፋላል

    እሳፋለል ክም ኣዳም

    ልብየ ቅያስ ኣላቡ

    ክምሰል ኣብሑር ዎኣሽራም

    ጻበት ዲብየ ላእዲና

    ዎ ኣጨምበኒ በዓል ሻም

    ረምኩመ ምንየ ክም ዓስተር

    መርኢት ኢኮን ወሳላም…….

    Obviously one is tempted to say this is all about the past. But as why ረምኩመ ምንየ ክም ዓስተር

    መርኢት ኢኮን ወሳላም ?

    The lyrics are not easy to catch. Any correction is appreciated.

    • Saleh Johar

      Hi Haile,
      Many people know that I do not listen to songs that are overwhelmed by the Saxophone. It annoys me and I feel like someone is scratching metal. If not for that, it sounds good.
      I hold the view that ዓስተር (space, probably Universe) is a corruption of the ancient goddess, Ashter. He also mentions Jahray, (the north star).

      • Haile Zeru

        Hi SGJ,

        I am not sure on the ethymology of the word ዓስተር . Its present use is a substitute for ሰማእ። Or something far high enough that you cannot reach, hence ሪምኩም ምንየ ክም ዓስተር
        መርኢት ኢኮን ወሰላም

      • Haile Zeru

        Hi SGJ,

        There is no mention of “Jaharay” in the song. Therefore I think I gave you the wrong link.

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kAyL7DVhEpo

        this is the right one checked it a couple of times

        Sorry for the wrong link.

  • Brhan

    Salamat Salih,
    Thank you for a timely article.
    I would like to give my input in the issue of “Eritrean Muslims” participation in the “meetings”.
    I would like to make clear that by “meetings” I mean those meetings that are conducted by the opposition groups in North America (NA), as I live in one of the cities of NA and can’t comment with regard to Europe and of course Australia where I saw a person in Wahabi dress participate in anti-Eritrean regime peaceful demonstration. I am not defending the Wahabis here but what I want to say we have to be cautious in generalization. I also do not go to PF(JD) sponsored meetings and as a result I can’t comment with regard to the composition of those meetings.
    But firstly, let me address the issue on person’s or individual’s level, because persons together create those group works which in our case is have the meetings.
    A person unless authorized by his party goes to those meetings to represent himself. When I go to those meeting, I am not representing anyone but myself. And because the issue hs two ways, the organizers of those meetings must see me as a person representing myself and not a person representing this group or that group. So, as Abdu or Andu I am not representing either Muslims or Christians but myself. If the organizers of the meetings try to abuse my participation by saying they represent we this group or that group, then they will hardly see me in their upcoming meetings. So how do the organizers of the meeting solve this puzzle?

    They have to know1) demography of their publics 2) agenda of their publics 3) provide logistics that answers of the needs of their demography.

    Demography
    Since we are speaking about opposition sponsored meetings in North America (NA), it is important to for the organizers to know their demography based on gender, age, ethnicity and other types of categories. It is when we have these data, that they can solve the issue of misrepresentation of a group/groups on those meeting. If the organizers find that there are groups that can be identified as minority groups, then they have a task work to make this group to have a privilege to benefit in representation. There are many models how minority groups participate in decision making process and these models can be used by the organizers of the meetings.
    Agenda
    The second task will be to know the agenda of these groups in order to associate them with agenda of the organizers. The organizers must embrace the different kinds of woos of many Eritreans, such as, the Afar / Dankalia, Kunama and the Jeberti issues. Also, issues related to land, and Arabic language. In addition, the organizers, must accommodate all opposition groups with different political agenda as long those groups are working for united Eritrea.
    Logistics
    If I am going to a meeting and the organizers of the meeting communicate in a language that I do not understand then this can be a reason for my absence in the meetings. The organizers must be well prepared. There were many times that I observed that some of the organizers discover during the meeting they need to communicate in Arabic and ask from the participants who provided interpretation. Speaking a language one thing and providing interpretation is another thing. The qualified do it specially in such meeting that include a lot of terms in their discourse. The organizers must also be pragmatic in choosing the language of communication of their meetings. In NA for example English can be perfect to all and specially in attracting the young who were born/raised in NA.
    Also, the organizers of the meeting or events must be family friendly if they want to attract more participation. If Alcohol will be consumed during the meeting not only religious people will abstain from going to the meeting but also families with children and teenagers.

    Thanks

    • Saleh Johar

      Ahlan Brhan,
      By I would have thought I was clear. I made disclaimers almost in every video I recorded that I do not mean individuals but groups, social and politics and it was sad that my disclaimers are not finding ears. You should have understood that. But it happens. Thank you

      • Brhan

        Ahlan Ustaz Saleh,
        I know you do not mean individuals but due to changes in the heartland Saudi Arabia , the followers of the Wahabi group are coming to their sense. They have become participants of the a political meetings which they used to condemn and recent article by A/Raziq Kerar in this website somehow reflects the change.

  • Hashela

    Selam Saleh

    ጌጋ ድኣ እኽላኣለይ እምበር፡ እቲ “ተስፋ ደናግል” ደልካዮ ጥምቅ እዩ ድብሃል።

    • Saleh Johar

      Hashela,
      I know there are dialects though with slight difference But being from Keren, I like Arefa Denagil. If I made a mistake on the T and typed Ch , it might sound vulgar. C’mon, you should know 🙂

      • Hashela

        Thanks to ጥምቕ I know all caves in our area. We were waiting there for the ጥምቕ to stop (in vain) and our cows and goats were happily grazing the poor farmers’ field. As ጥምቕ is often accompanied by ግመ, it was hard to find the animals

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Hashela,

          Both of you are right on the conditions of the circumstances. “ተስፋ ደናግል” ሃይማኖታዊ-ባህሊ ምትእስሳር አለዎ:: ከምቲ ዝዕለሎ እተን ደናግል ተራኺበን ክፋላለያ ከለዋ ዝነብዕዖ ንብዓት’ዩ እቲ “ጥሚቅ”:: ብሓፈሻ እቲ ጥሚቅ ንሓደ ክልተ ስሙን እዩ ጢቅ ዝብል:: ከምቲ ዝበልካዮ ጓሳ እንተኔርካ ኸአ ጢቅ እንዳበለ ወፊርካ ጢቅ እንዳበለ ኢኻ ገዛኻ ትአቱ::

          • Hashela

            Selam Amanuel

            Being completely alone in the wilderness and often feeling hungry, I remember that sometime my brain was playing tricks with me: one starts to hear and see ደቂ-ሕድርትና and smell their delicious ብኩዖ

          • Paulos

            Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

            Over the years I have come to know many Eritrean Ph.Ds in all sorts of fields and what surprises me is that [for lack of a better word] most of them were born and grew up in the country side. This trend is also with in those who are well to do business people as well where Asmarinos on the other hand, as the wealthy American Carnegie put it, “Those who were born with a silver spoon in their mouth are most likely to choke on it.” Hashela certainly is not an exception but the norm so to speak where the reason is curious enough to know. Any idea why that is the case?

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Dr Paulos,

            You are right Doctore! For certain reasons, students from rural areas do well in academic education than urbanites. I think the reason could be the “tough life background” they came from, that made them to work hard and to excel in their academic endeavors. I might be wrong but that is my personal assessments. By the way you could call them “ደቂ ዓኾይ” :: second my statement to Hashela is simply to remind him how his life started as shepherd and ended up to be a scientist. Isn’t it amazing? ሰንስኑ ሽሕ ዋልታን ኩኑ ጥራይ እየ ዝብል::

          • Hashela

            Selam Amanuel

            It is interesting to note that the term “ዓኻይ” is widely used in ELF literature less so in that of EPLF

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Dr Hashela,

            Aha you forgot it. In the EPLF political culture “ደቂ ዓኻይ” ብናቶም ኣጸዋውዓ “ጨጓር ዳንጋ” እዮም ዝበሃሉ:: አይጠርመካን?

          • Hashela

            As you know, EPLF leadership loves ጨጓር ዳንጋ as the latter is considered as illiterate and unquestioning.

          • Paulos

            Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

            Certainly, our parents didn’t know any better when they pushed us to do well in school for the intention was to break the cycle of poverty that had passed on from generation to generation. And what they had in mind was, the high tier in the fields of knowledge as in Medicine, Engineering or other life or the hard sciences where those areas were not only guarantees for “well paying” jobs but one can enjoy respectable social status as well.

            But in reality, those who make lots of money are those who studied business or those who got into the business world. Let’s face it, at the end of the day, we all work for someone, someone who makes money work for him when the rest of us work for money. Have you ever met a millionaire Eritrean scientist? I don’t think so. But for sure you’ve met a millionaire Eritrean businessman or woman. I certainly have. I tell you, if I was to do it all over again, I would definitely study business instead.

          • Hashela

            Selam Paulos

            Materialistically, all what you said is correct.

            Stating that I live a comfortable life with the mortgage paid, the college tuition for my child and my retirement pension secured, I don’t want to exchange my exiting life as scientist with anything.

            The new idea that makes me get up in the middle of the night to take notes. The hour-long showering and thereby mentally examining new ideas on their novelty and robustness. The sparks in the eyes my graduate students when they pop up in my office to show me their discovery. The elations that come with the realization of having contributed to solving a scientific problem and being in the front line of scientific research. Those things are that I don’t want to exchange with $$$$$.

            All I want to say is that the happiness factor in life is immensely import. That factor is not always causally correlated with making millions of $$$.

          • Paulos

            Selam Hashela,

            Well, let me put it this way. Can you pick up the phone and call your pilot to have your private jet ready on account that you want to fly, say to Paris in an hour? I don’t think you can for with a scientist’s salary, you can not afford to have that kind of life style. Only people in its true sense who clearly understand how money works are able to have that kind of luxury. And those are business people.

            Of course, it is a matter of choice that determines what kind of life one would want to have where the guiding principle is happiness. Moreover, one doesn’t have to have a penny to be happy for happiness is subjective. But money gives one freedom and of course not necessarily happiness.

            I am happy with what I have given my mortgage is also paid and my pension is secured but I wish I had more freedom given the number of years I spent in school.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Hi Drs,
            If you really think about it, you have no interest of money as much as the satisfaction you get from your fields. Otherwise, both of you would be millionaires.
            However, if you still want to be one, probably you should implement one of your ideas to a product. I am sure you will probably need VCs for that.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Dr Hashela,

            There is nothing that gives you the feeling of fulfilling, other than being engaged in a research area and coming with new discovery or invention that transform societies at large. What is money after all if you have enough to live as a middle class (owning simple house, a car to commute, and food for subsistence). Doing and sacrificing for the common good of society is the best in the world we live.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ዶተረ:
            ሰላምታ ካብ ለምለም በይ-ኤርያ ተቐበል!
            ምህንድስና ኣጽኒዕካ ናብ በይ ኤርያ ቅልቅል በል’ሞ: ሚልየን እንታይ ከምትጨኑ ክትሪኣ።
            ‘ተዘይኮይኑ ናብ ናቕፋ ወይ ብር ኣሽሪፍካ ምሕሳብ ‘ዩ 🙂
            ከምት ዝበልካዮ ግን ሓቅኻ ብደሞዝ ሚልየነር ክትከውን ኣጸጋሚ ዩ። write off ዝግበር ስለዘየለ ‘ኳ’ዩ ትጸገም።

          • Paulos

            ማሃንድሳይ,

            ብናቕፋ ተኾይኑ’ዳኣ ሓሸላ በተን ዶሞዙ ሚለንየር እዩ ማለት እዩ’ኮ፣ ኣነ ሓውኻ ግን እተን ብዶላር ዝረኽበን ዶሞዘይ ናብ ናቕፋ ተተሸሪፈን ጋና ሽሐኔር እየ ዝኸውን።

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ሰላማት ፕሮፌሰርን/ዶተረታትን:
            ኣብ ውሽጢ ኣስመራ ኴኑ: ‘ንዳ ስታላ ዘለዎ ‘ሞ PhD ዱግሪ ዝጸዓነ ምስ መን ንቖጽሮ?

          • Paulos

            ማሃንድሳይ,

            ክላ እዚ ዳኣ ዳርጋ ሓውሲ ፋራ ሓውሲ ሃጌ ማለት’ዩ፣ ሃይላት ማለትካ ‘እንድዩ ሓቀይ? 😂.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Very funny, Doterre!
            I am still laughing 🙂
            Prof Hailat, take it easy.

          • Paulos

            ማሃንድሳይ,

            ሃይላት ሓደሓደ ጊዜ ጸወታ ኣይፈልጥን’ዩ ካሶቲ ከይስሕበለይ ፈሪሐ’ለኹ።

          • Haile S.

            ሰላም ጳውልሻ ምስ መሃድሻ፡

            ወይ ነገር ድልይልይ ኃይለ ሃሰውሰው!
            ኣብዚ ክላስ ብዙሓት ሃይላት ኢና ዘለና።
            ንዓይ እንተድኣ ኮንኩም፡ ከጠንቅቐኩም!
            ዕድሜዋ የደረሰ ኣይጥ፡ የድመት ኣፍንጫ ታሸታለች 🙂 🙂 🙂

          • Paulos

            ሃይላት,

            ኣነ ኣይኮንኩን ማሃንድሻ’ዩ ከምኡበል ኢሉኒ፣ ኣይትሓዘለይ ዋላ ቢራ ክጋብዘካ፣ እዚ ምቕጣይ [sucking up] ይባሃል፣ ንሓያላት ከምዚ ከማኻ ከምኡ ኢና ንብሎም ኔርና with in the hierarchy of food chain and the struggle between the prey and predator.

            Do you watch the playoffs? Great game is going on tonight between the Packers and 49ers.

          • Haile S.

            Paul,

            I rarely watch playoffs since those in YMCA Asmara in the early 70s. To watch the games, those of us children who were not YMCA-members use to climb the walls when the guard was distracted. At times some of us will distract him deliberately to give time to our friends to climb the walls.

          • Paulos

            Hailat,

            It is almost impossible not to fall in love with football when you live in America. I watch pretty much all kinds of sports but not as much as American football. It is a very smart game.

            I have very vague memory of YMCA when my one of relatives used to take me there every time I went to visit my grand parents who lived right around እንዳ ሽወደን.

            Can you please tell us about the history of YMCA as in who and when it was founded and who run it?

            In my teenage years, I played Table-Tennis at Junior Club and sometimes at Croce del Sud and I knew a lot of guys who were really good at it as they trained for it at YMCA for they were from ዕዳጋ-ሓሙስ.

          • Abi

            Paul
            The YMCA you’re referring was established and funded by the King.
            Glad to find you outside the classroom.
            49ers are killing it.

          • Haile S.

            Selam Paul,

            I think YMCA and its sister YWCA were established in the mid sixties. I don’t recall that. My parents moved to Edaga Gamus following YMCA’s completion. I don’t remember a lot as I was young at the time YMCA was very active (before 1970/71). As I mentioned, we were children just enjoying observing the activities of the elders as much as we could and tricking the guards (I recall one of them, Gergish). I know some of basketball players now living in North America. They would be better placed to tell stories, but I am not sure if there any active Awatistas among them. I think the aura and the activities of YMCA declined after the implementation of the curfew and restrictions to gathering of youngsters following the assassination of the two dejazmachs in Asmara, bar Langano, an unforgettable date that changed everything in Asmara.
            Try to listen to Abeba Tesfaghiorgis’s interview in Assenna few months ago, at least she talks of YWCA.

          • Paulos

            Hailat,

            Thank you so much. And hope someone would educate us more about the history of YMCA or as we used to call it ወወክማ for it was I dare say part of our heritage and part of our younger years as well.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ኣንታ ዶተረ?
            የሕልፍ ኣቢልካ ሂብካኒ። ዓገብ!
            በል ማዕለሽ ኢለካ ኣለኹ።
            ክገርመኩም ግን የሕዋት: ወይ ምሁራት ወይድማ ሃፋትም ደቂሃገረይ ክር ኢ ከለኹ ከመይ ይሕበን መስለኩም።
            ወከመ ሰብከ: ውሰዶ ወከም ነብስከ! This is a made up Geez btw 🙂

          • Paulos

            ማሃንድሳይ,

            እንታይ’ግበር ኢልካዮ ብግእዝ ከምዝብልዎ ለከመከ እዩ’ትነገር፣ እንታይ ክገብር ኢልካኒ ነብሰይ ኣውጽኒ ኮይና ምድረ ሰማይ፣ ሃይላት ነዛ ገጸይ ብቡኛ ናብ ናይ ቁጽሪ ጥሪዝ ከይቀየራ’ኸሎ ሐደ ነገር ከገብር ኔሩኒ።

            The feeling is mutual, we’re proud of you too!

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ዶተረ:
            ኣይተሓዘልካን ዩ። ክትምስገን ‘ኳ ደኣ ይግበኣካ።
            ክግረመካ ኣብ ስራሕና [ምጽንጻል ድዮም ዝብልዎ ሰብ ሳሕል] ኣይረከበለይን ዘሎ። ንምንታይሲ ሸታሕታሕ ዘብል ጫማ ስለዘለኒ 🙂
            ኣታ ሕጂ’ባ ዘረባ ኣምጺኻ: ፓተንት ክገብራ ‘ዚኣ።
            ‘ንተሓሊፉለይ 10% ከወፈይልካ, Saint Merry contract me መብጽዓ ይኣቱ!

          • Paulos

            ማሃንድሳይ,

            You’re killing me here. You’re so funny. Thanks for the laugh as it withers “Sunday Night Blues.”

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            ሰላም ማሃንድሳይ,

            ዶ/ር ሓሸላ ብዛዕባ እታ “ጸላም ጉድጓድ” ናይ ኤርትራ: ጽብቅ ከምዘሎ “ሕማቅ ከይተዛርበኒ” ኢሉ ስለዝሃደመኒ: ብኣኻ ገይረ ነቲ መልሲ እንኣመሓላለፍክዎ እንታይ ነውሪ አለዎ::

            ትዝክሮ ትኸውን ብጻይ ስዩም ዑ/ሚካኤል: ገና እታ “ጸላም ጉድጓድ” ናይ ኤርትራ ከይተዳህሰሰት ከላ: “ዒማሮየ እንተበልካስ ዒማሮ ትመስክር” እንዳበለ ታሪኽ ከዛኻኽረና ከሎ:: I think the Eritrean people are scared by the magnetic power of the “black hole” in Eritrea, that sucks one after the other. And even in the words of our despot to “take us down with him” can not give us a resurrection of conscience, to fight him back rigorously to stop him from his dangerous project. And hence the proverbial saying ዒማርየ እንተበልካስ ዒማሮ ትመስክር ኮይና እዛ መሬትና::

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ኣንታ ፕሮፌሰር ኤማ:
            ክንደይ ትረግም ወደይ። ‘ንታይ ገብርኩኻ ብጻይ ስውእ ጅግና ስዩም ዑ/ሚካኤል ተዘክረኒ?
            ውሑዳት ዜጋታት ‘ኳዮም ምስኡ ዝወዳደሩ።
            በዓል ስውኣት ዶክተር ፍጹም: ከምኡ ድማ ብዙሕ ኣስማቶም ዘይጽዋዕ ኣምኑኤል ዑቕባይ, ተኽላይ ዓዲ-ኻንታ
            ኣለው ድዮም ስውኣት ብጾት መረጸ ኣስመላሽ: ዑማሮ ወዲ-ላምባ: ዓንቱራ ያሲን: ኣብ ሕልመይ ብልጭ ይብሉ።
            ከላ በጃኻ ልካ ግደፈኒ. ንታይ ገበርኩኻ?