Inform, Inspire, Embolden. Reconcile!

The Unsung Tragedy of Eritrea’s Children: Past, Present, and Future

Children can help. In a world of diversity and disparity, children are a unifying force capable of bringing people to common ethical grounds. Children’s needs and aspirations cut across all ideologies and cultures. The needs of all children are the same: nutritious food, adequate health care, a decent education, shelter and a secure loving family. Children are both our reason to struggle to eliminate the worst aspects of warfare, and our best hope for succeeding at it. (Excerpts from a speech delivered by Graca Machel to the UN General Assembly in Nov. 1989, during the adoption of The International Convention on the Rights of the Child)

A gloomy joke from a similar gloomy era, empire, and system long gone by goes like this: ‘’what does a Soviet optimist say?’’ ‘’It can’t get any worse.’’ Not so in Eritrea, apparently. Twenty three years (and counting) after our Independence, things are just getting from bad to worse…and worst. And, still, the proverbial ‘last straw’ has proven elusive for the hardy (but weary and sagging) backbone of the Eritrean ‘camel’.

It will be tedious to go through the long list of atrocities and deprivations that our countrymen and women are going through. This is a well trodden path of anguish and misery of a promising young country whose dream was stolen by a handful of home-born scoundrels. What’s more, insistent recounting of these atrocities have so far succeeded only in making banal and tolerated what is morally repugnant and deplorable.

But the current spectacle is utterly pathetic.

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has just once more extended for another eighteen months its sanctions against the regime in Eritrea, but despite these punitive measures the forces of violence and repression continue unabated at home. An already anemic and depopulated country continues to hemorrhage, shedding its vital human capital across its borders. The National Commission for Democratic Change (NCDC), an institutional body on which so many had invested so much upon, is unraveling, embroiled by infighting. One or two political organizations are heaving with the familiar spasms of an impending fission. Unperturbed, the Eritrean People’s Democratic Party (EPDP) is preparing for yet another annual conference in exile, in Germany, where another opposition organization had held a similar event a few weeks back. The youth associations are slugging it out in the cyberspace and seem hell-bent on erecting yet more artificial barriers over non-issues and polemics.

God forbid! But, in all likelihood, the latest round of UNSC’s sanctions may once again expire before the current impasse is overcome.

What has become unmistakably manifest though is that there is a disturbing but familiar pattern in the ongoing chaotic and damaging political developments. A cursory political audit of just the last decade reveals a series of marriages of convenience with a fleeting honeymoon period that eventually ended in disastrous divorces. A closer look will uncover an atmosphere rife with suspicion, mistrust and intolerance; and an unwillingness or lack for rationality and reasonableness. A systematic appraisal will also show a deficient organizational edifice, flagrant disregard for organizational procedures, ethics and norms, and lack of accountability and transparency. In this kind of atmosphere it becomes almost impossible to reach an enduring consensus for building a reliable, stable and mutually assured framework for a fruitful political interaction and discourse.

The underlying causes may be traced back to our turbulent past of the pre- and post-independence period, and the generations that came of age in those different but just the same uneasy times of political, social and economic upheavals. Both these two groups – dwindling grizzled and nascent youthful population, despite the generational gap, share a disturbing, ill-judged and short-sighted zealous obsession with the recent past, and reckless disregard for the future. Biological age aside, the deafening discourse of both groups is severely disjointed from reality, replete with rhetoric, exaggeration of trivial events, and aggrandizement of artificial ethno-linguistic, religious and regional barriers. Both also shun serious engagement and try to hide behind the unconvincing and flimsy masks of blame game, conspiracy, and the tactic and strategy for bringing about change in Eritrea.

In this article I am going to argue that some explanations might be available if we take a closer look into the past. But not with the current misdirected and zealous fixation that has turned the past into an apparition with psychotic dimensions, a discourse that has become the cause of an arrested development, a retro version, where the past and present have colluded and are conspiring to destroy the future.

No! I do not want to redig and undig anymore graves than already dug. I am asking you, dear readers, that we go and revisit an entirely different past of the Eritrean child. A forgotten past that hides the unsung tragedy of generations of Eritrea’s children. Because by doing so, and acknowledging and appreciating the injustices done to the child, we may-just- be able to emphasize with the child that has now become an adult. And, more importantly, this process might-just- help us all to break our inertia by recognizing the urgency of saving an all important future.

Frederick Douglas said ‘’ it’s easier to build strong children than to repair broken men.’’ And he should know. He was a self made black man who rose from slavery to become a mammoth figure in the struggle of black Americans for their human rights.

Another huge historical figure, John F Kennedy, remarked: Children are the world’s most precious resources and its best hope for the future. But our current adult discourse is heedlessly ruining this precious human resource.
On a recent visit (June 4-5/2013) to the Adi Harish refugee camp for Eritreans in Tigray region, Ethiopia, I saw 306 of these precious children in a pre-school compound, a fenced off bare compound with just an overhang tent for sun protection, a place more fit for cattle than little children. And according to Mr Ghirmay (Gandhi Foundation’s country director in Ethiopia) there are 400 such children at the nearby Mai Ayni refugee camp.
In the remaining part of this article I will try to give you a brief and updated scientific description of the early childhood period and its importance for adult acquisition and behavior; and, with this premise in mind, go on to discuss the local context.

The Early Childhood Period

The newborn child enters the world with a limited range of skills and abilities. And the period from birth up to eight years of age has come to be recognized as the most important phase in life, critical to the complete and healthy cognitive, emotional and physical growth of children. The newborn baby has around 100 billion neurons (brain cells), and although formation of these is complete at birth, brain maturation and important neural pathways and connections are progressively developed after birth in the early childhood period. The brain reaches half its mature weight by six months and 90% of its final weight by age eight.

Previously it was thought that the growth of a brain is largely determined by inheritance (genes), and a baby’s brain was assumed to be much less active than that of a high-school or university student with a linear growth that peaks in adulthood, with earlier life experience having a little impact on later development. But accumulated empiric evidence and an explosion of scientific research in the relevant fields have shown that that brain development and growth is much more vulnerable to environmental influences than previously thought. And exposure to adverse environmental stressors during this critical period can lead to permanent deficits which are very difficult for the brain to revive later in life.

There are a whole range of different parameters that are used to measure a child’s growth and development, such as language skill and motor development (e.g. sitting, crawling, or walking). But psychosocial development (behavior, emotion, cognition, etc.) is not easily amenable for assessment as it evolves subtly with little or minimal measurable physical signs. Some investigators use self-expression skills (a child’s attempt to express himself using arts, crafts, music, dance, etc.), social skills (sharing, cooperating, and emphasizing with other children; learning to respect and listen to adults; etc), and language skills to assess for attainment of social skills. But these have not been accepted as universal methods of measurement.

Therefore, stunting (low height for age) is commonly used as a proxy indicator for early childhood development. And the results of a mega-research project released by Save The Children on May 27 of this year shows that not having a nutritious diet can severely impair a child’s ability to read and write a simple sentence and answer basic math questions correctly. ‘’It is well known that malnutrition is an underlying cause of mortality in children under five. What’s less known is the chronic impact of malnutrition. Poor nutrition is a leading driver of the literacy and numeracy crisis in developing countries’’ said Patricia Erb, President of the organization that released this report.

The research found out that stunted children are 12.5 percent more likely to make a mistake writing a simple sentence and do 7 percent worse answering simple math questions like ‘’what is 8 minus 5’’ than they would have been expected to do had they not been stunted.

But this above study does not even begin to address the numerous other direct and indirect environmental factors that can negatively impact on a child’s growth and development, including maternal health during pregnancy and delivery, diseases, sanitation, schooling, home and community environment,…etc. Besides these multitudes of factors, their vulnerability and helplessness makes children the most numerous victims of socio-political and economic upheaval.

The increasing recognition of the external environment on this critical period of life has led to a paradigm shift with the early childhood period now being seen as more of a social than biologic designation. Implicit in this break with old thinking is the acknowledgment that children are morally and politically shaped by the attitudes, yearnings, frustrations, stereotypes, prejudices, and tensions of the adult world around them. And the lives, thoughts, and actions of children-though subtle-can tell us much about the societies in which they live in, and they can also foretell about what kind of adults they will become.

A psychologist by the name of Niel Postman says it better: Children are the living message we send to a time we will not see.

The Pre-Independence Child Generation

The typical Eritrean child had never known a normal life for the better part of the last century. The combined forces of political and socio-economic conditions, sometimes colluding with the vagaries of climate, have all connived to seal its fate, even before it had the chance to breath-in its first volume of fresh air on its own. A vicious cycle of destruction and multi-deprivations have throughout the decades conspired to deal it a huge disadvantage, blighted with recurring sickness, malnutrition, poverty, illiteracy… or, in short, a womb-to-tomb infirmity.

Thus had been the fate of the children of the 1960’s, 1970’s, and 1980’s, a long and tragic national journey that left its ugly scar across an entire generation. It is a human story of wanton destruction, burning villages, indiscriminate killings, pillage, rape, and destitution that shattered whole communities and homes resulting in wide-ranging and far-flung repercussions that are still reverberating to these days.

Many of these children were brutally uprooted from their communities and ties to their past, forced to flee, leaving behind child friends, familiar playgrounds and surroundings. Most were either born or grew up as refugees or displaced children, in wreaked households, with missing or incomplete family, or in orphan hood; their experience leaving a lasting imprint, an emotional and physical stigmata on their life.

What eventually became the fate of this pre-independence generation of children can only be surmised. Some were snatched away by death in their very early years, leaving without trace, except in the minds and memories of their close and loved ones; thousands were swept-up by the revolutionary tide (child pupils of the revolutionary schools, cultural troupes such as the ‘red flowers’, child soldiers or ‘fet’awrari’, fighters, politicians, etc.); through sheer perseverance and determination, a few managed to build couriers and become successful professionals, merchants, or artisans ; and many more have simply drifted away, like chaff in the wind.

The dwindled down present-day survivors of that era’s child generation have now become grayed, weathered, and stooped; the younger ones are now in their fifties and the few lucky (…or unlucky) ones are frail septuagenarians and octogenarians, many still living as exiles. Unlike physical aging, memory remains relatively stable throughout human life, remarkably durable and impervious to the abrasive effects of time. And their uneasy childhood period and its distinctive influence can be discerned in the uncouth and arrogant behavior of the ‘victors’, the sour gripes of the exiled ‘losers’, and a perturbed politics fraught with the seeds of hate, mistrust and intolerance.

A Stunted Post-Independence Generation

Eritreans thirty plus years of struggle for liberation and Independence and the heavy sacrifice that this exacted was supposed to have been a worthy moral cause for a better future. But more than two decades after Independence a regime of perverse criminals rules that ‘’uses statistics as a drunken man uses lampposts – for support rather than illumination.’’

Let me hold myself here. I want first to share my modest experience in the health sector in Eritrea and then show you some data before proceeding to satisfy what has become a persistent urge to condemn and denounce.
In the spring of 1992, I was part of a small mobile health team sent from Adi Ugri hospital to the Zyda-Akelom area around Areza. An outbreak of measles had been reported from the area; and we set off late in the night from Areza , with our supplies strapped to a donkey’s back. It had dawned when we reached the first village in our way-Etan Zer’ee. We found most of the villagers near the church, gathered around the cemetery. That night the virus had claimed another victim and they were burying the dead child. I remembered counting fourteen fresh and small mounds of earth.

By the time we arrived the measles virus had already exhausted its destructive sweep across a whole swathe of villages in the area extending down south and west into the Qola Meraguz and Dembelas regions. We went from house to house in each village dispersing our supplies of oral antibiotics, eye ointments, and other medications. Those who survived were rudely vaccinated by natural means (the virus itself!), but they still have to grapple with severe upper and lower respiratory tract and eye infections and their severe lifelong stigmata, including blindness and recurrent lung infections.

Eight years later, at the turn of the millennium, Eritrea was almost free of this scourge. Another virus with debilitating paralyzing sequel was soon to be declared eradicated.

This was a huge feat and a remarkable achievement for a young country which started from scratches, with the barest minimum of health infrastructure. The job required a total political commitment and a crucial financial and technical support from the international community. But, above all, this mammoth task would not have been achieved without the all-important support of Eritrea’s rural community. This part of Eritrea had witnessed, helplessly and from close range, as a series of viral epidemics and outbreaks decimated generations of children across the years. They wanted so desperately a better future for their children, and no prodding or persuasion was needed for their total participation in the campaigns against these lethal microbes.

In 2002 I was working in Senafe. One eventful night I was woken by a call from the nurse midwife on duty. She needed my assistance. A lady had just been brought in on a stretcher from the village of Kesh’aat near Tsorena. One after another, we helped the poor mother deliver a triplet, two girls and a boy. But the mother was in such a poor state that she managed only one glimpse at her babies before she died.

The newborns spent almost one month in our facility. Finally we sent word through the village administrator for the father to come and collect his babies. A one legged (right above knee amputee) veteran of Eritrea’s liberation struggle came one day to my office. He had three children in tow, the youngest around two years and the eldest around six. He told me he was the father. He had left three more back in the village, older ones that can support themselves, he told me. He had come to ask the Subzonal government authorities to either help him support raise his children or to find somebody, humanitarian agency, organization or anybody to take care of the three ones with him. I didn’t utter a single word. Neither did he wait for me to do so. He didn’t ask to see the triplet and left without seeing them.

We managed to ‘kill’ the two baby girls within the following two months. The good Catholic nuns at Hebo heard of our plight and reconsidered their earlier refusal to accept the triplet. Their small orphanage was so crowded. I drove the surviving baby boy to the orphanage at Hebo, near Tsegeneyti.

One of the biggest frustrations for any health worker involved in the care of children is treating severe malnutrition. It is a medical emergency that requires an intensive twenty-four hour a day care and usually with a fatality rate approaching more than 50 percent. For the effort to bear fruit it usually takes weeks of exhaustive work requiring patience, discipline and diligence of all staff members and parents. But the rewards of success are also enormous too. Nothing is as gratifying as the re-appearance of a smile on the face of a child that on admission had been wasted, shriveled and withered, a little child with the appearance of an old person.
But the smile usually doesn’t last that long. Once discharged, and in the absence of any meaningful supplementary feeding program, the relapse rates in these children are high. Some do return back to the health facility, usually in a much worse situation that on their earlier admissions. But, mostly, the mothers are too ashamed or exasperated, and they just give up. The poor mothers don’t understand that the basic problem is far too complex and lay far beyond their kitchen and meager possessions.

A conceptual framework on the causes of malnutrition developed by the UN child agency (UNICEF) classifies these causes broadly as immediate, underlying, and basic.

Lack of food intake (due to decrease in appetite) and disease are the immediate vicious causes, which feed into one another. And the three most important underlying causes are household food security (inadequate access or availability), limited access to health care and poor sanitation, and inadequate home and community environment (less child friendly). The basic causes originate at the national level, where policies and strategies that affect the allocation of resources (human, economic, political, and cultural) influence what happens at community level.

In Eritrea’s local context, all the three factors mentioned might, on the surface, look closely interwoven, all influencing each other in an additive manner; but the crucial driving factor for the vicious cycle lies at the political level. A series of misguided and disastrous government policies are to be blamed for wrecking the Eritrean household and community.

The regime and its supporters (i.e. if there are any left) usually flaunt a few statistical figures to emphasize the correctness of the national policies and strategies taken over the past two decades, and the ‘huge strides’ that were demonstrated in some sectors. For more than a decade now, and ad nauseam, we have heard how the government’s down-to-earth policies have succeeded in eliminating certain diseases and in realizing remarkable improvement in the life of the Eritrean child. There is no denying the fact that infant and under-five child mortality rates have been halved by almost 50 percent.

But the above health indicators don’t tell the whole story. These dry figures do not reflect the real experience of the Eritrean child, household, and whole communities. You cannot feed the malnourished child on statistics.

Two nationwide comprehensive health surveys were done in Eritrea, in 1995 and 2002. These were known as The Demographic Health Survey, Eritrea (DHS, Eritrea), and they were undertaken by the national Statistics Office with technical and financial help of the US Agency for International Development (USAID). The figures in the 2002 DHS were damning and go a long way to point the disastrous policies of the regime. The ensuing government actions, taken under the guise of self-reliance (hah!), tell much more than the measures themselves. They were purposely done to restrict prying eyes from looking into the kitchens of Eritrea’s households. And, as a result, no such survey has been undertaken since then.

The regime didn’t have any qualms to manipulate the surveys. But the same two surveys, freely available online, also show a grave nationwide chronic malnutrition level, bordering on disastrous levels.

Prevalence of malnutrition in children aged six months up to five years is used as an important indicator for nutritional status of an entire population because this subgroup is more sensitive to nutritional stress.  And stunting (low height for age) is the preferred anthropometric measurement. The same proxy parameter used to assess for psycho-social development of the child.

The two surveys showed levels of stunting have not improved over the interim period of seven years, standing at 38.4% and 37.6%, respectively.  You can guess what a follow-up DHS survey might have shown.

Saving the Future

 Does anybody anyone give a damn about the future?  I don’t know.

 But, at least, if you persevere up to this…well, you must have some reason for doing so. And, I am sure you are not particularly impressed by my amateurish literary style. I take it then you must have some concern for the future of Eritrea’s children.

Saving the future requires nothing more elaborate than what the wife of Nelson Mandela, Gracha Machel, mentioned in that opening remark: food, health care, decent education, and a loving family and stable community.

It definitely doesn’t require more festivals, political parties, and associations. It also doesn’t need our chaotic social media discourse. It demands that we start to look deep into our conscience and acknowledge that we have become the unknowing or willing accomplices of the ongoing tragedy. It will require us to get out of our issue cocoons, to stop incubating, hatching, and scheming more plots and conspiracies than are already there.

Let us start by considering the following meaningful and proactive conscientious step: Donate for the future.

 There are already a few foundations active in this area. A school for children just re-opened a few weeks back in one of the old refugee camps in the Sudan (the director was bemoaning lack of funds, and his reliance on foreign humanitarian NGOs); and, there is Ghandi Foundation already active in some of the refugee camps in Ethiopia. They can use our help.

Bereket.berhane@gmail.com

NB: 1. This article is not meant to be a scientific article. Its main intent and purpose is to highlight the plight of Eritrean the Eritrean child. 2. The promised third follow-up article on Eritrea’s Social Media is going to take me some more time.

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  • Adi Baro

    The toxic of Ghedli and its ugly message has even poisoned Eritrean children. Jebha and Higdef are the curses sent to Eritrea. There is nothing good that these vermin brought to Eritrea, if there is any please list them. The only good that may have come from Sewra which is Arabic for Ghedli coined by people who do not want to speak their own languages is that the Jebhas got a good opportunity to live in the civilized Christian West after being kicked out by another vermin known as Higdef.

  • haile

    Selam all,

    As I read, musing to imagine, an onset of melancholy (a gloomy state of mind, especially when habitual or prolonged or even depression) upon a small time writer’s (even, a self styled “farmer’s”) sense of “sweat” and “tears” that is lost in vain to those “all over” his “produce”, I couldn’t help but think about those real “writers” of our history, whose real “sweat” and real “tears”, had been and continues to be “walked all over”. I’d hoped for a moment that soon it “shall” be the end of their bitter melancholy, and the dawn of an era to be vindicated and rejoicing. How dit it all start…

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rJk9jMgC1wg

    • http://awate.com aklilu zere

      Dear Haile:

      You are gifted and inteligent person. I always read your comments and am amazed by your skills. My only qualm is, I don’t want to see you confined to only commenting. For me comments are like appetizers and as you are aware, appetizers are “nothing” if not followed by the main course and of course stamped with the real (mother/father given and Church/Mosque approved) chef’s name.

      I cannot wait to read your virgin full fledged article.

      Regards,

      • Kokhob Selam

        Dear Mr. Haile,
        I support the comment of Aklilu and even request you to write in Tigringa I have seen your wide knowledge in Ge’ez. you have a lot to give.Hurry up my friend.

  • http://awate.com aklilu zere

    Dear Dr.

    First my deeply felt greetings to you. I wish you Hope, health, Happiness and success in your endeavours.

    To quote Mathew 5 V 13-16, simply and truthfuly, you are our Salt of the Earth, and Light of our world. we need more people like you.

    Keep up the good work.

    Sincerely,

  • CYBER CURE

    ንቖለውዕ ኤርትራውያን ይኹን ንዓበይቲ ,…ፈውሲ ዲክታተርነት ክንእዝዘሎምን ከነስትዮምን እንተዄንና ፣መጀመርያ ,ንባዕልና ዲሞክራስያዊ ተጻዋርነትን ይሃልወና።

    ¨ዝኾነ (ህዝበ ትግርኛ )ናይ ባርያ ኣተሓሳስባ ክህልዎ መሰሉ እዩ፣ብዙሓት ድማ ኣለዎም።ግን ነቶም ካብ ኩሩዓት ፣ነጻ ኣተሓሳስባ ዘለዎም ወለዲ ዝተወለድና ሒደት ህዝበ ትግርኛ ፣ናይ ዘረባ ትራፊክ ኣይትኹኑና።¨

    ክቡራት ኤርትራውያን ብሕልፊ ፣ህዝበ ትግርኛ ከምዚ ኸማይ____ሽንቲ ቤት እንከለኩም፣(ኣብ መገዲ ደገ ክትወጹ )ነውሪ ዘይበሉኹም ወለዱኹም___ስጊንጢር፣__ኣብ መገዲ ኣይብላዕን እዩ ይብሉኹም።
    ፍቕርን ምስዕዓምን ከም ነውሪ ተቖጺሩ ፣ዘይዕለሎ፣ውግእን ቅትለትን ግን ከም ጅግንነት ኵውረየሉ እናሰማዕኩም ዝዓበኹም ህዝበ ትግርኛ ውሑዳት ኣይኮን።
    ኣብ ክንዲ መንፍዓትን ናብራዊ መስዋእትን ናይ ኣዴታትን ኣሓትን ዘማሱ ዘረባታት___ብዓለገ ዝኾነ ኣበሃህላ__ _¨ልብ ጓል ክንዲ መርፍእ፣ እቲኣ እኳ እንተስዓምካያ ትጠፍእ፥፥፥፥ሰበይትን ኣድግን ኣይትንሓፍ¨ __ዓይነት ጽዩፍ ዘረባ __ከም ቅቡል ጌርኩም ቆጺርኩም ስለ ዝዓበኹም__ነዚ ናተይ ነጻ ሓሳብ ቀጨውጨው ክብለኩም ይኽእል እዩ።ግን ናይ ዘረባ ትራፊክ ኣይትኹኑኒ።ኤርትራ ንዓይ ዶ ትቐርበኒ ንዳን ኮኔል ፧ ሰራቕን ከም ኢዱ ሓሳውን ከም መልሓሱ ይቖጽሩኻ ከም ዝብሃል __እቶም ርእሲ ከውሒ ድማ፣ኩሉ ርእሲ ከውሒ ይመስሎም።ኣነ ኢሳያስ ክቐትል ኣይርኣኹዎ ቆልዑ ክምንዝዕ ኣይርኣኽ ዎ። ሸፋቱ ናይ ሻዕብያ(ሙዳዳ) ግን ኩሉ ዓይነት ግፍዒ ክሰርሑን ክፍጽሙን ርእየዮምን ሰሚዔን።እቶም ጀብሃ እውን ትእዛዝ እኮ ይመጾም ኔሩ እዩ፣ምሢዚ ኩሉ ግስሩጥ ኣማሓዳድርኦም ግና ፣ምስ ተረድኦም __ብረተይ ንቑልቁል ኣፋ፣ሓወይ ኣይሃርምን ኢሎም ብፍርቂ ልቦም__ነብሰ ምክልኻል ተዋጊኦም ሱዳን ክኣትዉ ከለዉ እኮ __ኢሳያስ ኣይኮነን ኮቦሮ ሒዙ፣ተጋዳላይ ዓማ ተለካያይ ዘይቲ ኢሉ ኣናሽይዎም (ስዉኣቶም ቀቢሮም ከይወድኡ ከለዉ)__ገለ ዘይሓንኩ ኣዝማደይን ደቂ ኣውራጃይን ´ውን ካብቶም ሕልና ዘይብሎም ምታንታ ሸፋቱ ሻዕብያ ኔሮም እዮም።ኣነ ጀብሃዊ ኮይነ ኣይኮንኩን።ግን ¨ነገ በኔ ¨ዝብሃል ኣዛራርባ ¨ጸላእትና¨ ኣምሓሩ ኣሎ።ኣነ እኮ ምሓሪ ዝሽሙ ኣስላማይ (ጀበርቲ) ኮይነ ኣይኮንኩን __ናይ ጀበርቲ ሕቶ እዝኒ ይውሃቦ ዝብል__ግን ፣ትማሊ ጀበርቲ ኣፉ ዝሓተምኩሞ__ስቕ ኢልና ስለ ዝርኣና __ሎሚ ወዲ ድምበዛን ጻዕዳን__ወዲ ጓል ሰራዪት ጉሕጭዓን ድማ ኣፋ ዓቢሱ።
    ይፈልጥየ ብዙሓት ምሁራት ኣለኹም፣ሃገር ብጨጓር ዳንጋ ሓራ እንተወጸውን ብምሁር እዩ ክግዛእ ዝግብኦ።
    ኣንቱም ህዝበይ፣ ህዝቢ ትግርኛ__ዓንዲ ሕቖ ናይቲ ሕብረተሰብ ኢና ኢልና ንኣምን እንተዄንና __ዓባይ በጊዕ ዕያውታ ሒዛ ትጠፍእ ስራሕ ኣይንስራሕ።
    ሓሶት ፣_ _¨ሻዕብያ __ቆልዑ ፣ጥሪት፣ ክብረት፣ ኤርትራውያን ኣይሃገረትን ፣ኣካለ ስንኩላ ኣይቀተለትን፣ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ኣስላማይ ክርስትያናይ ኢላ ኣይፈላላየትን፣ምስ ደቂ ማሕበር ኣንድነት ኮይና ንህዝብና ህዝቢ ቶርዓ ኣየሳቐየትን ትብሉ እንተዄንኩም ድማ_ዋላ ኩነታዊ ይኹን መርትዖ ኣምጺእኩም ኣእምኑኒ።
    ብሓይሊ ተገዲዱ ዝሸፈተ ሰብ እውን ፣ሽፍታ እኮ እዩ።ሓደራ ንምህሃር።
    ቃላትካ በርቲዑ፣ሓንሳእ ሓንሳእ ናይ ስድታት ቋንቋ ትጥቀም ኢኻ።ሓሳባትካ መእሰሪ የብሉን__ይቕበሎ፣ብድብድቡ ግን __መንግስቲ ሙዳዳ ጓል ሓፍትኹም ኣብ ድፋዕ እናዓመጻ፣ወዲ ሓውኩም ኣብ ሲናይ በደዊን እናዓመጽዎ ፣ኣነ እየ ብደም ኤርትራውያን ዘላግጽ ዘለኹ ፧
    ቅድም ትግራውነትኩም እመኑ እሞ፣ድሓር ንጀበርቲ መንነቱ ክትገልጹሉ ፣መጀመርያ ደቂ ጎንደርን ኣቢሲንያውያንን ምዃንኩም ፍለጡ እሞ ንህዝቢ መታሕት ኣየናይ ቋንቋ ከም ዝሕሾ ክትነግርዎ፧ ሓደራኹም ስሑዋት ባርያዊ ሓሳብ ዘለዎም ኣይትኹኑ።

    ብጣዕሚ ዘኽብረኩም
    ሓውኩም ፈውሲ ሳይበር።¨

    • L.T

      Ata Hawuna Cybeeer,
      I told you Eritrea are for Eritrea::Aearbate Nitbie!!

      • CYBER CURE

        L.T.

        ሓው ኤል ቲ

        ኣብ ሂወትካ ሙሉእ ዝፈለጥካዮም ኤርትራውያን ፣ሳዕሪ ዘይበልዑ ኮይኖም እምበር__ኣብዑር_፣ክልተ ዓመት ሙሉእ ወሪርና ዝሓዝናዮ መሬት __ተወሪርና እንተተባህሉ ከም ዋለኻ ዝተዘርእዎ ዘብቁሉ___ሸፋቱ ሻዕብያ ፣መርዑት እናጨወዩ ከራኽሱ__ቆለውዕ ሓረስቶት ጨውዮም ከወንብዱን__ካብ ኣፍ ቆለውዕ ሓረስቶት __ኳደረ ኣዚዞም ምግቢ እናዘረፉን ዝመጹ ጉሒላታት ሸፋቱ__ _ደቀይ ኢሉ ዝቕበል ማህቡላ ኤርትራዊ ስለ ትፈልጥ___ንዓይ እዚ መስተውዓሊ __ዓጋመ ክኸውን ኣለዎ ኢልካ ከም ዝደምደምካ ኣይጠራጠርን።
        ግን ከም ¨ህዝበ ትግርኛ¨ ቅድመ፣ ኣቦታተይ እኳ ዓጋመ እንተኾኑ ¨ህዝበ ትግርኛ¨ ኤርትራዊ እየ።ኣጸቢቑ ክገርመካ ድማ ካብ ዓሰርተ ኣይብዝሑ እምበር __ኤርትራና´ውን ከምዚ ከማይ ግልጽ ኢሎም ዝሓስቡ መስተውዓልቲ ኣልዉዋ እዮም ።
        ርእስኻ ጭሩውሩው ከይብለካ ብዙህ ኣይትሕሰብ ወዲ ኤረ። ጣፍ ክኣ ኣይትብላዕ ፣ባባ ኢሳያስ __ከብዲ የሕምም እዩ ኢሉ እዩ።
        ሾውዓተ ሳዕ ኣልቂሰን ይኾና እምበር ንዓኻ ክወልዳስ ።
        እምባሕ ጥራይ በል ወዲ ኤረይ።ኤርትራና ሉቸ እንተጎደላ__እቲ ህዝብና ሉቸ እንድዩ።
        ማይ እንተተሳኣነ __ ህዝብና ንባዕሉ ዝውሕዝ ማይ እንድዩ። ድ ር ክ ኣ ብድሕሪት ጀሚርና እንተቖጺርና ውን ኤርትራና እኮ ቀዳመይቲ እያ።

  • senay UK

    it is good to see you again Awate.com.I was completely shut off for the last two days from may favoured web-sites.Awate.com,Presstv.com,Dehai.org,tesfay.com,shabait.com,Meskerem.net,Arabic-media-news.com,Amharic-news.com…and on “Youtube”any video related with Eritrea,PFDJ,Arabic,kuraan,Islam…it seems the paragon of democracy wants to decide for us what we have to read and watch. but this criminal act does not include in their free-press preaching,does it?

  • Yonas Ghebregzi

    The facts on the ground speak for themselves even if good people choose to be quiet. In Eritrea, people who keep quiet are left alone but those who speak, question, or even think or share their thoughts with others are slashed by the “PFDJ’s” whip.

    To Absolute power Issaias Afewerqi ERITREA is not an end, it is a mere tool, a means of singular purpose to aggrandize and canonize himself. Can it quench his megalomania? No, it can not because what he desires is an illusion beyond legal and international norms. He wants to be elevated to a state of grandeur based on ‘conspicuous fallacy and sham’ he has created. He has trampled and stepped over many people for many years to emulate Mao Tse Tung, but unlike the Honorable Chinese philosophy his mission is to ascend himself to, Atse Issaias Afewerqi or Emperor Yohannes the V, to the status of “Pharaoh or Czar of all Abyssinia”. Guess what? He will continue on this route for many more years. He has already hired a full time “Tigrayan Army” (TPDM) to work on the rudimentary of ‘franchising’ ERITREA. [That's why old fighters and Eritreans are "let go" - or liquidated]. The question is, however, where are the funds for these endeavors coming from? Are they from ERITREA’s coffer? This does not matter to ‘him’, remember, the “end justifies the means”.

    The kitsch to build peace, educate the people, develop the country, .etc., etc., etc., and at that with lies and half truths is the work of a Machiavellian charlatan.

    I am my brother’s keeper.

  • Ghezae Hagos

    Selam All,

    On the note of the waste, neglect and decimation of Eritrea’s finest, it is fitting to mention the very person who wrote this poignant piece. I knew Dr. Bereket Berhane back home as he was close friend of my uncle. Both medical doctors. Them and their colleagues numbering more than 10, were very capable, highly educated medical professionals working in many towns of Eritrea. They were irreplaceable professionals dedicated to save lives.

    Out of the thousands of Asmara University graduates (especially of the early years from 1991-1996 batches), most of them left Eritrea. In 1998, the Law Faculty had its first ever law degree graduates of 25 students. 17 of them are not in Eritrea now. by mid 2000s, the law degree was discontinued; replaced by certificate degree…

    And Doctor Bereket’s colleagues…They were irreplaceable medical professionals dedicated to save lives.

    Now, none of them are in Eritrea.

    • haile

      Selam Ghezae

      Talking of dedicated Eri-med pro, I was thinking “anta lom’s lebimom gdi” when the regime borrowed $17million to build the Medical school. The construction costs were off-set by hagerawi agelglot and the contract given to its regime companies. After all was milked and siphoned away, it took a mere 4 years for the regime to scuttle the whole process. Returned Salh Meki to his old job at the Ministry of Marine. It kicked out all the inl. collaboration teams, including the Eritrean doctor that led the delegation. Others arrested and transferred. Today it stands in the way the regime wants the nation to stand, hosting less than seven Cuban doctors.

      It was worrisome when I heard Salih Meki was transferred to Fisheries. Because, generally speaking, that is a death trap. The regime doesn’t want the Fisheries sector to be touched other than for some hard cash. And people like Salih Meki would want to change things there. Which wouldn’t go down well with the regime.

      Here is how the regime let the development of the Fisheries sector to the meager hand outs from Japan.

      http://www.eritreaembassy-japan.org/data/Ministry_of_Marine_Resources_GOJ-_SOE(MMR)_Cooperation.pdf

      Who knows, may be the likes of Lemlem might finally settle in the west working in the “dog” grooming business and decent Eritrean would go back to develop their nation to their heart’s delight soon:-)

      • yegermal

        Kindey tihasem wedey? Even the most vicious pit-bulls do not deserve Lemlem’s style of grooming!

        • Yodita

          Dear Yegermal/Haile,

          But Lemlem by her own ‘Rational Choice’ is a PIT BULL! She went after Edaga Arbi viciously for no apparent reason but to mortally bite! Almighty God will finally deliver us from the man at the helm of our country, Inshallah! It is the Lemlems that make you cringe with terror; just like some ferocious and violent pit bulls do!!!

    • yemane

      Ghezae Hagos,
      Remember!!…The front enemies of the Eritrean People are the Intellectuals and it includes you for I have been following you on the EYSC-FB page for over a year…You and your buddies killed the vibrant page which was widely hoped to be a place for creating some social revolution that may eventually lead to a visible UNITY….Believe it or not I am from Akeleguzay but yet when I see you and your likes are so obsessed of AWRAJAWI-HMAM, I hate myself for being part of that area…Don’t misunderstand me, It is a fact and we can not deny that….I have similar critics to Semere Habtemariam as he is also an advocate of extreme-Hammasienism but I said it all on my previous comments even though it was not happily accepted by Awate-Staff….So, Please; life is too short and lets contribute positively from a stand point of the Nation….Thank you!!

    • TheTruth

      Ghezae, I’d like to be completely frank with you. You are doing the opposition a disservice with your lies about the 2% tax in Canada. You do not understand that many Eritreans are moving away from the opposition because of these lies and now with the latest news that the opposition is CIA financed and Ethiopian friendly disclosed by Wikileaks. They might not like the government but why the need to result to lies to push our agenda. Is this how we plan to lead, by lies and manipulation? Take this as constructive criticism.

  • L.T

    Jebha had “Tsbah”mean you are after me and you er a bright to future.
    And
    Shabai has “Keyhati Enbeba” mean”We will leave this world to you by our blood and you will take the rest after our death and the shaning Eritrea and you are our fellow flowers”

    And
    Weyane have”Save the childern or in swedish “Rädda Born”means you are here to be “We are the world,we are the childern”and learn to beg and forget the”Gedli”

    • belay

      L.T. I think you are  young and i know you will learn the truth and say to your self,i can’t believe ,i said that.In the mean time,it is ok to express your feelings.Especialy the young are allowed to make mistakes.you have, at least a sense of humour in an offensive way but, still funny because L.T.said it.

  • L.T

    Gezaie Canada;
    He miss Asmera.Everybody say that and they got a callsup.Their brain are not finsh-clear and in their framloben there sit the plan and the empati.
    Like you from yesterday to struggle the whole thing are so easy.You flee fm Asmera like buttarfly to frish life in Canada and you shut out your vioce high to somebody hear you and when you got a passport easly you are in Asmera.Look Asmera are a little city but Addis Abeba are a big village.”Yase-le-chal”

    Just learn to say thanks and Amen to everything you got have “Towerdes to Asmera”

  • L.T

    Tamrat;
    This is your roots;
    Nigus Sahleslassie from Sala-Dingay
    Theodros ,the Ethiopia Napeleon
    Yohannes(John the priest)Tenbien-May-Behe

    The Centenary of Dog-ali Aba Nega

    Ke Asmera Binesu
    Bichegerw Talian
    Ale Forca forsa”

    Atsi Menelik from Debrebrhan-Angilela

    “Ye Menelik Tiyt ye Mekele Eyalech

    Ye Menelik Enat 1 welda Mekenech”

    Aba Tena Iyasu

    Father and the son

    Alga wedeKu.

    Haileslassie from Harer-Ejersa Gore

    Mekele Bigeba
    Mekele Gebachu.

    Awassa bigeba

    Gural betachu..

    • amde

      LT

      I really enjoy your posts – primarily because I have a lot of fun trying to decipher what you mean to say. I do beleive poetry is your thing.

      bless

  • Tamrat Tamrat

    For the Young generation to live in Peace and prosperity the ansewer is not teghadali niether pre or post 1991 from both sides. The unionist however regardless how Things turns out after 1961 upto now are the one who have the solution, the will to compromise and their endless patience. Other wise Who said the unionist accepted all the social injstice be it in the King’s, mengistus time or now?

    On the contrary they proved if uninity doesnt work then the separation must do the exact opposite at least after 22 years. But the tagadalities from both sides still singing their Third round lets ‘sacrifice’som more youths while building their military from Money which was supposed to be used for million other Things. No ifs and buts.

    The other thing what the unioinists wanted in the 50s and now is totaly different except eplf and elf’s desperatePower struggel.

    What the unionists want now are:
    1) Use the potential of the People who live in the two countries optimal regardless where the political boundery lies.

    2) Make the war which consumes Our youths history by allowng the movenments of Our People, economy, culture free and let the youths participate to make the movement faster and riher.

    3) Our pride must be the Source of or development not the other way round. If singing kill ‘the other group’ reduce our Development then we can live without that particular hit.

    4) The unioinists dont want to see an Eritrea or ethiopian to be treatd differently thus they dont want a tigrinya be treated differeently than afar. That is what make them the saviour of our New generation. If the unionist were who won communist Ethiopia, then tplf wouldnt put itself in this tigray first policy which makes inturn isayas to salivate how ethiopia is vulnerable for his ‘beautifull mind’.

  • TrustBldg_is_a_process

    The people at both ends, children and elderly people, are not safe at Isayas’s hands. The mysterious deaths of government officials are not free of conspiracy theories. People say that all the officials were murdered on the orders of the government head. This time, it is said that Mr. Weldenkeil G/Mariam was eliminated to make room for Abraham Afwerki. BTW, who is this person?

  • CYBER CURE

    Respected Doctor ,

    The problem with us older pweople is telling kids the Gedli that was run as a banditry since 1978,and as honey comes from bees ,and not touilet flies ,the new generation is suffering what trhe bandits have been doing to children ,as child soldiers & at times torturing them for suspicion of being Ethiopian Jewasis..
    Well ,after entering asmara they were not going to change to mother theresa .
    Children & young people are confused ,because we the adults have a slave´s mentality were we perceive atrocity ,as manhood & kindness as being sissy /weak.
    That is why I always feel sad for Eritrean youth. The cure (opposition) is also worse than the illness (EPLF/PFDJ).

    • gebreab

      Cyber Cure.
      where were you stationed as a child soldier,in Betimhrti Zero?i am just curious.and I tell you, you must had been the very luckiest child in the whole of Eritrea then to join the Gallant tegadeltis without to be told “kuntalat belieka temeles”.so is history made…by twisting and turning the truth.

      • CYBER CURE

        Respecred Gebreab ,

        ¨The kuntal beliEka mitsae¨…was a catchy phrase used to lure the galluble.As EPLF is a pencil with a rubber ,always has double faced ….and in reality things were different.
        መርዓ እንተደሊኻ፣ሕጸ እንተደሊኻ ሃባ ካላሽነይ ኣይብጻየይን ኢኻ___ኢሎም ኣብ ሳልስቶም ብድሙ ድሙ ዝምርዓዉ ሓሰውቲ ምዃኖም ኣይበርሃልካን።ከምቲ ዝገለጽካዮ __እቲ ናይ ሓሶት ኩንታል በሊዕካ ምጻእ ´ውን ___ከይውዓለት ከይሓደረት __ኣብ ሳልስታ ….ርብዒት ከይበላዕካ ምግፋፍ ተቐዪራ ኔራ እያ።ሻዕብያ ዝገብርዋን ዝብልዋን __ኣብ ማህቡላታት ኣዝዊሮም ዘይሓስቡ …እምበር ኣብ መስተውዓልቲ ኣይሰርሕን እዩ፣ስለዚ ናብ ከምዚ ከማይ መስተውዓልቲ__ነቲ ንኸንቱ ምጥፋእ ፣መስዋእትነት__፤ነቲ ፍርጠጣ ድማ ፣ሜላዊ ምዝላቕ __ኢሎም ኣየዔሽውዎን እዮም። ዘሕዝን ግን ሓንቲ ናይ መዔሸዊት ቃል ድርብይ ኣቢሎም ነቲ ስሑው የዔሽውዎ።
        ምሕረት የውርድ እዩ ዘብል።

        ብጣዕሚ መስተውዓሊ___ሓውካ፣

    • L.T

      Cyber;
      Why you cry when you hear “Warsia,Werasi,John Travolta(Jentra as you put it in war 1998-2000(After Grace film)School of Sawa,Orota medical college with 39 MD students in 2009….more will fellow and stay tune..Agri/cultural tools,peace,We don’t need Lutheran world federation,Norwegian church Aid.
      Why you cry when you heard that the eritrean population live below the poverty level,Rich and poor are defined in the Eritrea context

      Aboy Sibhat was in Eritrea in 1994 and visit Massaw and ask to Isaias”Ata Sebay entay geromuka ezom koleat nasnet zystemakuru Sawa wala Sawa tiblom”?

      Isaias said”Sibhat;ezom meneseyt nab SAWA enber nab SUWA aykonun zikodu zelewu”

      Am Beraki do you think I a crazy?”Asha diye Beraki”

      Cyber to go back to 50s

      Bilatta Demsas woldemicheal was Uniinist party
      Dej Ghebrekidan Tessame was Anti Unionist
      Said Sefaf Hiyabu was Unionist
      Fissah W.Mariam was Anti Unioist

      “Eaiii Weyo Adnas Mexawetit Koyna”Ato Tedla Bairu Uqbit….too late but a truth!!

      • CYBER CURE

        I am glad Aboy Sibhat from Adwa & President Isayas from Temben visited ,they are families. President Isaias is making Abraham his heir……Tigray People respect each other & are ruling both countries.
        You ,as Hamashien, really are truthful in your admiration of Tegaru.

        I am Hizbe Tigrinya so ,I do not even speak tigrinya ,I just speak Eritrinya ,a tigrinya with Allora !!! ha..ha..ha

        እምባሕ ጥራይ ንበል ንወዲ ኤረ !!!ሓንጎል ,ንዓጋመን ኣምሓሩን ንግደፈሎም።
        ወጋሕ ትበል ለይቲ ።

        • belay

          Dear cyber cure, Thanks for the nice words but i do not believe we are clever than our Eritrean brothers and sisters but we clearley have better gvt.l hope things will change for you too soon to prove every body wrong. Thankyou and goodluck.

  • Salyounis

    Selmat Dottore:

    Thank you for this gem. I don’t know if you have been following the discussions between Sabri and Haile (with me interjecting immodestly) on MDG and the often-glowing reports that are cited on Eritrea by different sources…but more on that later.

    You said (and the 2012 MDG report, citing 2002 UNICEF data in this particular case, backs you up), that the underweight under-five-year old (prevalence of malnutrition) rate in Eritrea is a very high (one of the highest in Africa) of 37.6%. And that it hasn’t budged in 10 years. This, I believe, is conceded to even by the government (by conceded I mean: Isaias Afwerki mocked calorie counts in one interview. ndektatra UN miKhri legisulom :-) And it is not highlighted in any bragging report about the “achievements of our government” because, for whatever reason, “underweight under five year old” falls in the MDG’s “extreme poverty” category (MDG 1) and not the health category (MDG 4). And in Eritrea, apparently, only the MDG 4, dealing with health issues, matter.*

    Here’s a riddle that I hope you can solve for me.

    You said, “It is well known that malnutrition is an underlying cause of mortality in children under five.” This implies there is a cause and effect relationship between malnutrition and mortality. Still, when one looks at Eritrea’s under-five mortality rate (updated by WHO/UNICEF in December 2011), it has one of Africa’s best and is on target to meet the 2015 goal i.e., reduce by two thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate. How are the two–high malnutrition rates and low mortality rates–reconcilable?

    Now, to the Sabri and Haile debate. If I may paraphrase, I believe Sabri was saying that the MDG report, if it’s sourced by a UN agency, is reliable because the UN agencies do their own field studies. Haile was, um, skeptical. I think you are saying that the numbers are cooked and the Eritrean government knows how to cook them. If so, how do the UN agencies go along? I have my theories but why not ask the expert who may have first hand knowledge of how the cooking is done: could you elaborate?

    Thanks!

    saay

    *MDG 1, reducing extreme poverty, is one measure of whether a government is improving the living standards of the people. The government of Kubur President Hagere Ertra (KPHE) is failing miserably at that so its never mentioned. And if it is, somebody is to blame. KPHE’s slogan: “If it is good, I am responsible; if it is bad, the world is.” Ane ane, nskum nskum.

    • haile

      Selamat saay

      While you wait for the reply from Dottore, let me share this video of Dr Berhe H/G, this was what he had to say about the readiness of Eritrea to take off economically in 1991.

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=njzWg23eVhQ

      Recently, we met with the good doctor in Asmara where he was trolling on foot trying to find a coffee house where he could purchase one. The whole city cut off in electricity on that morning. Again, he seemed unfazed by it all and was determined to find one:-)

      But, I thought this video could help to prove that Eritrea was way above zero at the time of independence and way below zero now almost quarter of a century later! Although, I believe that what made Eritrea special then is still there now, except for a regime that is holding us at bay and long told us: tenkes elkum ketqerbuwa…kulu baEley alokhuwo. Entedelikhum abzen nay kebabi hagerat keydkum sirahkum ketesaltu tkhElu ekhum:)

      Cheers

      • T. Kifle

        Dear Haile

        I have watched the video link that was meant for SAAY(intruding?). Frankly speaking, any mortal wouldn’t have said it otherwise given it is May 1991. He only strayed when he mentioned the East Asian Tigers because the focus of the hearing was not, to my understanding, economic at all. And Goshu Wolde mocked on the totalitarian nature of EPLF አመድ በዱቄት ይስቃል እንዲሉ.

        TK

        • haile

          Dear T Kifle

          Please join in by all means. You’re right about the euphoria thing. However, if you have followed some of the theme we discussed with Sabri and others was that the nation Eritrea has much more promising assets at the time of independence that almost quarter of a century later, we have a regime completely driven it to the ground and all it has to show for it is dire straits of national debts, crumbling infrastructure, hungry population where the youth have nothing to look forward for other than dangerous trek across the sea and deserts.

          It was meant to validate that the regime did in fact abused the nation and its citizens beyond the point of no return.

          Regards

          • Ghezae Hagos

            Dear Haile,

            The worst thing about our nation lies in the shocking wasting, neglect, abuse and decimation of its immense human and natural potentials. We saw the stars, dear Haile. We saw them.

            Our chronic sadness, and daily lamentations arise because we saw them stars. And we could easily reach them. But alas! vicissitudes of fate dealt us cruel hands…hands of Issayas Afewerki.

            Yes we may have been underlings; but there is indeed some fault in the ‘stars’, dear Haile, because what we saw were not mirage, so we reminisce, but ‘real stars.’

            Hence our daily visits to the monasteries, called websites, social medias, are nothing but incessant lamentations of things gone by, of people dying, of towns emptied, of children abandoned, of the old forgotten, of a nation imploding.

            ‘Eta hizbi jah-jah zibla zinbert ketema kemey ila traya terefet…!

            “How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of people! She is become as a widow..”

            Indeed, ‘Give us this day our daily lamentation…’

          • Salyounis

            Selam Ghezae:

            About that sad widow, Asmara, hope this cheers you up:

            “Every widow wakes one morning, perhaps after years of pure and unwavering grieving, to realize she slept a good night’s sleep, and will be able to eat breakfast, and doesn’t hear her husband’s ghost all the time, but only some of the time. Her grief is replaced with a useful sadness. Every parent who loses a child finds a way to laugh again. The timbre begins to fade. The edge dulls. The hurt lessens. Every love is carved from loss. Mine was. Yours is. Your great-great-great-grandchildren’s will be. But we learn to live in that love.” – Jonathan Safran Foer, Everything Is Illuminated.

            All the best,

            saay

      • http://awate Amanuel Hidrat

        Haile,

        Myself, as an addict of “C-span congress politcs” I have no clue how I miss it. Anyway thank you for the clip.

        • Semere Andom

          Haile:
          This guy has not got it yet, he is still at it while he was wrong on every thing. Dr. Berhe will go as one of the Eritrean intellectuals, who does not practice intellectualism.
          Thanks for sharing.

          Semere

      • haile

        Selamat Aman Ghezae Semere

        Well, I am surprised! My videos were the scariest part of my engagement here (according to saay – Eid Mubarek sir (or me’Eyedin)) :-) It is nice to have a change.

        Ghezae:

        one other thing that keeps bringing me back to this monastery (more like a confession box:) is also the heartfelt belief that, heck Eritrea deserves FAR better than a thieve for a regime.

        Semere A:

        Well, you know I tend to be hesitant when personalities swap places with the subject at times. In that spirit, I would just give you the portfolio as well as the duties that the key regime cheerleaders carry.

        Dr Berhe H/G: holds the portfolio for “Confusion”. This is where the main talking points of the regime as regards CIA, psychological warfare, there being the US behind the woyane’s actions…. get presented as lectures by an academic (hey you need a doctor to sell crap like that:).

        Dr Gedewon Abay: holds the portfolio for “Justification”. This is where the main talking points of the regime as regards self reliance, independent path, wefri nqutebawi harnet…get their academic “kab belos nqebelo” dress up.

        W/ro Sophia T/Mariam: holds the portfolio for “exaggeration”. This is where the regime’s talking points of multi-national corporations that control both media and NGO (democracy fundings) are at work to control resources and hence are after the regime for being “nay tsbuq himaq arAya” Bad example of good example or something wired-up like that.

        So, I will leave it to the reader to discern which one of them is “intellectually honest” :-)

        Aman:

        dehan eyu, shudshte shih tray eyom rEyoma:-)

        Cheers all

        Eid Mubarek

      • yegermal

        “Recently, we met with the good doctor in Asmara where he was trolling on foot trying to find a coffee house where he could purchase one. The whole city cut off in electricity on that morning. Again, he seemed unfazed by it all and was determined to find one:-)”

        How recent:)? The last rumor I heard about the good ex-Derg official turned doc is that he is trying to pack his NJ home to move in his plush villa in Asmara, although he is quite aware that might not be the wisest decision for an aging operative. Still, he has no choice but to follow through his bad investment that supposedly was bankrolled by mortgaging his primary residence in NJ. Rumor is attributed to a close friend of the doc:)

  • L.T

    Dr;
    People like you find all the time a new modus/almost a distraction on manay way.You just are very burdus and the people of Eritrea so perplex becouse of you.

    • Haqi

      Lt
      I need a translator to understand you, go to dehai with rest of riesi tanika

      • yegermal

        makes two of us!

      • L.T

        Do you mean that I am a headless(brainless)?
        to trans- riasi tanika-tista tanica as Bitsai Isaias put to Melles “Growanga”
        All Eritrean website fm http://www.dehai-awate,fm gerger to jeberti are mine.Be glad all Tegaru are here like you.I do not on http://www.aigaforum.feel free bro….

  • Haqi

    Good job doc, its sad to one single dictator killing our country especially the future of our children.

    Adams
    Write productive articles such as the one above instead of combative, divisive articles

    • yegermal

      Haqi,

      Indeed the future of Eritrea ‘s children and therefore Eritrea’s future is in jeopardy courtesy of a demented dictator and his heartless supporters. The elderly is another group that is enduring unprecedented and horrific suffering. Their children are either dead, stack in endless “national service” aka slave labor, or exiled in search of freedom and basic sustenance. And there is neither Social Security nor Medicare to help them endure hardships that come with aging. Many live in abject poverty with no regular meals and no one to help them prevent injuries from falls. Some die alone of horrendous bed sore infection and there is no family member to bury them. We should brace for the worst as DIA’s house of horror has a lot of ghosts that are slowly speaking up!

  • Tamrat Tamrat

    Hi Dr Bereket!

    One of the great and concrete achievment of the diaspora of Eritreans is that the Close follow ups of the eritreans on the run. Be it in ethiopia, sudan, senai, where ever on the world the eri-diaspora have done a great job conserning eritrean refugees follow ups.

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