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Eritrea’s Compulsory “National Service”: 18 and Life

On November 23rd, Tesfa News website reported that the charge d’affairs of the Eritrean embassy to the United States, Mr. Berhane Gebrehiwet, had told a gathering of Eritreans from the United States that Eritrea’s compulsory national service, where Eritreans have been pressed for military and “national development” service for over a decade,  would be restored to its original practice: 18 months.

Tesfanews is a pro-government Eritrean website.

Whether this announcement is true or whether, like many announcements made by the Eritrean regime, it is false hope designed to buy itself some time or, even worse, a message telegraphed for an external audience only, has been the subject of discussion among Eritreans.

The evidence strongly points to the latter, and here’s why.

1. Why Not State Media?

The Eritrean government owns all media in Eritrea: TV, radio and print. One would expect that news of this magnitude, which will affect the lives of hundreds and thousands of Eritrean youth and their families, would be announced on all state-owned media. However, since November 23rd, there has been no report at all. Moreover, the news was reported in Tigrinya only, to a closed group of Eritreans, and reported by a very government friendly (owned?) Website famous for reporting the twitter feeds of government officials as “breaking news.”

2. Where Are The Details?

The reportage provided by Tesfa News is heavy on explaining why, from the perspective of the Eritrean regime, the national service was extended from 18 months to its current open ended commitment;  but it has no information on when this change is supposed to take place and why it is taking place. The government congratulates itself for overcoming challenges thrown its way and it explains that one way it was able to overcome the challenges posed to it from its enemies was by extending the military service indefinitely. Does this mean the government has defeated its enemies? Wasn’t it using the strained relationship it has with Ethiopia and the lack of having demarcated borders as a reason for pressing the young into endless service? None of that has changed, so why the change in policy?

3. Why Berhane Gebrehiwet?

As mentioned, Berhane Gebrehiwet is the charge d’affairs of the Eritrean embassy to the United States. Wouldn’t news that will affect the lives of hundreds of thousands of Eritrean service-men and women be reported by the Ministry of Defense? Since the “national service” begins with students attending their 12th grade at Sawa military camp, wouldn’t the Ministry of Education have a say in this? Since these are all youth, wouldn’t the TWO youth organizations (YPFDJ and NUEYS) have any comment on this development?

While the seminar of Berhane Gebrehiwet in the United States can be rationalized (Eritrea and the US do not have representation at the ambassador level), what is curious is why he conducted a “seminar” in Europe in early to mid November.

Eritrea has fully-accredited ambassadors to Italy (Feshazion Petros), Germany (Petros Tzegai), United Kingdom (Estifanos Habtemariam) and the European Union (Negasi Kassa.)  It has a charge d’affairs to Sweden (Yonas Manna.) Yet, as another pro-government website, alenalki, reported, it was Berhane Gebrehiwet, all the way from the United States, who was conducting “seminars” in Stockholm, Oslo, Copenhagen, etc from  November 9 through the 16th.  Why?

All Signs Point To: It’s A Ruse

Since 2009, the Eritrean regime has been under intense scrutiny from the Somalia Eritrea Monitoring Group (SEMG) regarding its behavior vis-a-vis the sanctions the United Nations imposed on the regime. Beginning this year, it is about to face even more scrutiny from the United Nation’s Commission on Inquiry regarding its wanton violations of Eritreans human rights.

A man with no government portfolio, Yemane Gebreab, the political director of the ruling party, is in charge of being the liaison with both UN bodies and crafting the Eritrean regime’s message.

In 2014, for the first time since it has been in power, the Eritrean regime disclosed how much money it received from the “2% Diaspora Tax”–not to the Eritrean people, but to the SEMG. Similarly, now, it appears its getting ready to send the message to the Commission on Inquiry, that it is about to restore the national service from a life term to 18 months.

Berhane Ghebrehiwet, a trusted protege of Yemane Gebreab, has been chosen for this task.

How this affects the relationship between the Eritrean ambassadors to European countries and their constituents; how it makes them feel to be upstaged by a “charge d’affairs” from the United States when they are full ambassadors; how there has not been a single circular sent to a single Eritrean ambassador anywhere as Berhane Gebrehiwet roams around and passes Yemane Gebreab’s message to the SEMG and the COI; or how this gives false hope to the long-suffering Eritrean youth, is of least concern to the Eritrean regime and its apologists.

Incidentally, it is this kind of rogue diplomacy that led to the rift among the PFDJ in 2001, between the G-15 and the G-1.

Whenever it is under intense pressure, the Eritrean regime mouthes off one liners–We will draft a new constitution! We will conduct political reforms! We will demoblize!–which have no time frame, no institutions, no budget. This latest announcement by Yemane Gebreab, c/o Berhane Gebrehiwet, appears to be more of the same.

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  • ppp

    what ever you say about eritrea , we still around her so do not bother .

    • mussie

      I did not understand what you sayed. Your English is very poor.

  • Hope

    Bro,Tes,
    But the war,No Peace,NO War,external interferences,etc—have contributed equally to the above deadly ailments one way or another.
    All the above diseases are related to both internal and external factors besides intrinsic nature and individual behaviour of the popualtion in question.
    But it will be absurd and nonsensical if your message is to tell me that the PFDJ is responsible for all of them–for even simple GE/Diarrhea.
    Plus:
    Identifying those problems and publically disclosing them,is but a noble cause and an achievement by itself.
    Now that we IDied(identified) those problems,all of us will, and should work very hard to eliminate the root causes of those problems as “Prevention is ALWAYS better than Cure”…the Public Health Motto of the centuary.
    -And guess what?
    Eritreans are very good at it…..as per the well documented FACTS by the same WHO/UNICEF you admire–irrespective of and despite of Policy mistakes and the hiccups here and there.
    Refuting such FACTS is but refuting and discrediting the very hard-working Eri Professionals,who have achieved the seemingly unachievable business–even more than those with the best and ample resources.
    ONLY the Eritreans can do that–YES,the Yika’los and the Warsays/the Warsayits….the CAN DO people !!

    • Hope

      Read as : No War,NO Peace Status–

    • Tesfabirhan WR

      Dear Hope,

      If I was not believing on the CAN DO PEOPLE, I could not have been here. I am here because I believe on our people and I believe they can dismantle and install a responsible institution. Despite this, PFDJ didn’t believe on Eritreans. PFDJ believed on Marxist-Leninist-Maoist-Juche Ideology. He is doing his best to destroy our values, now almost 20 years passed, almost one generation.

      Therefore, male sure that when ever Eritreans discuss on Eritrean issues, it is only because they are among the CAN DO PEOPLE! No one is alien here. The thing is, there are confused people.

      huka
      tes

  • Haile WM

    This news from PFDJ is simple false aimed to divert the attention.
    The regime is trying to buy some time by giving little hope as little hope is more effective than fear. Please bear in mind that little hope is very effective in subjugating the people while full hope is dangerous, that’s why the regime would never announce it trough is mouthpieces i.e. ministry of information or ministry of defense, but it uses small satellite websites and the usual 03 tactics.
    Some in the low IQ department (the regime stooges) are happy and jumping but, i f they had some decent level of intelligence they should ask themselves why this sudden change in policy ? given the fact that the conditions on the ground are the same as us usual (woyane is holding our sovereing territories, we are in no peace no war situation etc… ) but the won’t because they can’t reach that level of insight.
    regards

  • Tesfabirhan WR

    selam Hope,

    You wrote, “Can you deduct that these scary prevalences of the deadly diseases are due to PFDJ?” I can say yes they are direct effects of PFDJ bad economic policies. PFDJ preached for the lastb 18 years about “soil and water conservation” even DIA by-himself is changed from country manager to local soil and water conservation specialist engineer. PFDJ as a whole has changed to machinery supplier company. MoA has changed itself into “promoter of Collective farming instead of providing technical assistance to farmers as well as leading research institute.

    Yah, MoH is the only instutute that I believe is doing its best, I always thank that. But also the MoH became a hostage of PFDJ policies from many dimensions. Thanks to late Saleh Meki, he did his best to build such institute but now is failing rapidly at the hands of Amna Norhisien.

    I would like to stress here, had there was an integral work between MoA and MoH in promoting health by providing quality food (not necessarily quantity wise),

    MoH could have been pressured to build more hospitals but more sport centers.
    MoA could have spent his time in calling farmers to work collectively instead promote and advice farmers to produce varities, diversity of production.
    MoA could not have spent his time in importing foreign seeds/animal breeds but promote locally available food products.

    Eritrean people could not have ended eating expired food and yet imported products.

    Have you ever tried Camel meat?

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TpRB-u66uEo

    hawka
    tes

    • Hope

      Thx tes for your attempt.
      Let me try to answer for you-my own questions:
      Disclaimer:
      This is my opinion and has nothing to do with the latest Science or Medicine or Public Helath.
      Neither am I an Expert on this Field.
      -First,rest assured that Iam fully aware of those hot but deadly issues/Policy Mistakes you brilliantly narrated and I appreciate you for that and I admire your inquisitive mind and concerns.
      I have NO qualms or questions on those issues….as I am,at least I believe that,first-hand witness of those issues you lamented about.
      -Second: We have to give credit where it belongs to–to those ,who made efforts to find out about those major health issues and related socio-economic challenges as it will help us to tackle them.
      -Now that the GoE or the PFDJ or the Er-TV or the MoH disclosed the findings openly,to their credit,BTW,our struggle should focus on resolving those issues by any means possible…not only by Cyber-Space Rhetoric.
      I will wait for the Original Researchers to give us some idea as to why all these problems are popping up-more than ever in such an alarming rate and condition.
      But here are few of my specualtions based on my past experience and observation:
      -I will leave the issue of MoA and related issues with serious impacts on health,to you as you are the Expert on it but I definitely agree with you about the negative impacts of bad Nutrition and Poor Agricultural Procedures and Technolgies,in fact,Food Processing has a major negative impact on Health as more than 80% of Health problems in the USA are related to this(Processed Food–quality and quantity included)!
      Back to the Major Issues in Question:
      a) The Prevalence of Adult Onset Diabetes(Type -2) in Eritrea:
      This problem has been increasing exponentially,mainly among the Senior Teghadelti for obvious reasons.
      -Life style ,which included sedenatry life and huge diet change as compared to that of Ghedli Era when non-stop active life style was the norm. and when no meal or 1 meal a day was the norm.This issue has been a major problem among the African Immigrants and it has been found that more than 60% of African Adult Immigrants have developed type two Diabetes with or without High Blood Pressure.
      -Lack of Enough knowledge/Awareness and Lack of Enough Resources.
      b)The Prevalence of Early Onset/Juvenile/Type -1 Diabetes in Eritrea:
      -This is a complex issue with complex factors and complex outcomes.
      -The etiolgies are multifactorial but why is it increasing exponentially as you correctly stated it?
      Here are my speculations based on my observations and experience.
      -Genetic predisposiions-
      -Environmental factors,which might include–viral infections,drugs,diet/malnutrition,etc–
      -Eventhough not well studied,Psycho-social factors might play as much as it plays in the adults
      -The common denominator among the above factors is some sort of auto-immune process.
      Let me say something about the Auto-immune and viral infections here:
      -Since the Child Immunization Rate is so high in Eritrea,this issue might contribute,at least theoretically,to the high rate of early onset Diabetes in Children in Eritrea, in a sense that ,since most vaccinations are live-vaccines,those live vaccines could contribute to the direct viral infection and the indirect attack of the insulin producing cells in the Pancreas via an auto-immune process.
      This arguement is also associated with Autism but not yet confirmed,which you mentioned above as “Childhood Disability,which the Eri-TV reported.
      c)Childhood Disability:
      This is mainly related to Autism.This is NOT new in Eritrea but has been under-daignosed due to lack of awareness and resources but definitely has increased as the ERI-TV reported it.
      Why?This is a miilon $ question.
      Here is the possible but controversial arguement:
      The high rate of vaccination with live viral vaccines could have contributed to this old new problem in Eritrea.
      Tons of studies have been done in the USA to figure out this and to settle this Cause-Effect Relationship but it has remained a controversial issue.
      But there seem to be some kind of Statistical Association though,which makes us to stay sucpicious.
      d)STD-Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Eritrea:
      This is said to have increased exponentially for obvious reasons;
      -Socio-cultural and Economic Dynamics of the Nation has changed drastically -negatively.
      I will not indulge into the details as it seems clear to all of us.Who is to blame?I will leave that to you,Tes nefsi.
      I already lamented about this when I objectively observed the high rate of HIV Infection and Teenage Pregnancy in Halibmentel,Elaber’ed and Glass,where those things used to be a serious Taboo and an exception during the old good days.Why now?It is obvious and has to do with new-socio-economic and cultural dynamics of “New Eritrea”…and I will dare to say it on this issue here that the Mistaken Policies and “Indifference/Negligence have greatly contributed without going into the details..
      Wether Sawa Program and National Military Servicehas contributed to this issue or not,I will leave that to Sociologists and Anthropologists of the day.
      I am not interested to blame this and that but I can confidently say that the contributors are multifactorial:
      -Socio-Economic,Educational and Cultural Dynamics of our current situation(Internal factors):-No War,NO Peace Status,the Unfair and Illegal Sanctions included(External factors)
      -Lack of Constituional Governance(covers every thing-the bad and the good)(Internal factor)
      -Over all Polciy Issues(under Constitutional Governance)-Internal factor
      -Lack of Commitment,Unity and Sacrifice—by all of us(Internal Factor)
      Etc…
      In the event,if you are expecting me to blame the PFDJ for all these pitfalls,you got a wrong Debator,buddy.But I said what I said that the factors are multiple and complex and the solutions should be approached as such–in multiple prongs and multiple approaches and-case-by-case approach as needed.
      Here is the Analogy for your satisfaction:
      -If you and Ustaz Aman Hidrat believe in the dismantling the System,rather than the Head alone–you got the answer as to how to approach our problems.
      But if you choose to balme the PFDJ but the PFDJ for all these problems ,it might sound that the PFDJ has the Knowledge,The skills,the Resources,the Genetic and Social scientists,etc—to mess up the Eritrteans and Eritrea.
      That reminds me about the hot discussion across the world about the possible invention of the HIV/AIDS Virus in 1990s so as to target a certian segement of a Society.The arguement was based on the fact that Blacks are more prone to HIV infection and as such,one fthe risk factors for HIV Infection was “Being Black or Haitian(from Haiti),which was later dropped for Ethical and Legal Reasons.
      But unfortunately,Scientists in New York,the USA,has in fact,identified a unique genetic sequence in Blacks that predisposes them to be easily attacked by the HIV—hence,the arguemt still might hold some water.God forbid(yewtse’ana ember)everything is possible as President Bill Clinton answered this question of the HIV being engineered in the Lab.
      A South African Scientist was blamed for producing an Anthrax Bacteria(dangerous toxic bacteria) containing chewing gum,which was confirmed in the Lab that a certian brand of a chewing gum distributaed among Black S Africans(Areas)was containing/conatminated with that alleged bacteria or its toxin.
      My point:
      I do not expect you to tell me or even think at all that the PFDJ could invent that kind of Genocidal Technology.
      But we can probably argue about possible Socio-cultural discriminations and indifferences leading to a unique kind of—-
      But this has nothing to do with Islamists vs Crusadors.
      FYI:
      Me and you know about the negative role of “the Mother Toungue” or “Early Childhood Education in Mother Language” in the case of Blin,where Blin Students have no clue about Ge’ez and cannot read and write inTigrigna,which has devastated the Blin Students/Youth since they cannot communicate with others and cannot get jobs–This issue has been debated extensively and all the Blin Community across the world including the Anseba Assembly have rejected it unanimously since 10-15 ysr now and continously have rejected it and appealed for its modifications. But still the Policy is in effect despite the gross negative impact on the Community has been testified and proven Scientifically,by the Students,by the Teachers,by the Community and the Blin Language and Culture Experts..
      And guess what?
      As you said it correctly in some of your previous threads,the Blin people are on the verge of extinction as the Youth has NO choice but to run away ……in a unique way–on top of other factors that has made the “other Youth” to escape…
      I hope you understand where I am coming from and where I am trying to head….
      My point:
      There are issues we can directly point fingers at,but we cannot make blanket accusations and generalizations.
      Kida quinin/kir as you are in Paris now.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Hope,

        As you have mentioned the grievance of the “Bilen-social group”, there are also other grievances of the other social groups in Eritrea. In other words the current regime in Eritrea is not capable to address their grievances nor does it has the willingness to address them. If a government couldn’t address those issues, it is not only illegitimate by virtue of acquiring power without election (for 23 years), but also incompetent to govern the nation, knowing from the current socio-political and socio-economic standard of our society. For the hard working Eritrean people the last 23 years would have been precious time to progress by leaps and bounds, if we had a government that listen to the demand of its people. So you could see a stark difference between the Eritrea and the Eritrean people you know before 1991 and after 1991.

        The Eritrea of today has lost all its potential productive human resources scattering all over the world, losing all their hopes from the governing party (body) of the nation. A nation that lost its productive human resource will not stand on its heels. It does not only deteriorate in all its socio-political and socio-economic development, but also is prone to be a failed state if we are not serious on what we do in the diaspora. Let alone to address the issue of public health in Eritrea, we can’t even exercise the basic political exercise to govern our self peacefully. If we don’t know the art of politics how to govern different social interests we can’t show any strides on the issues you are debating and other sectors socio-economic development.Unfortunately the pressing issues are not yet in the front loading of our political debate. To my surprise, we don’t have common enemy and common struggle because we are not debating on issue. Even if we rarely touched some important issues, it doesn’t take time to turn to petty-issues or side issues. You might ask me what are the pressing issues in Eritrea. Everyone knows them but aren’t serious to deal on them.

        • Hope

          Ok Aman,
          Glad we are on the same page now and thx for admitting our weakness.
          I only responded to Tes’ concerns and am not into the side issues.
          I only mentioned the Blin Social Group Grievance as one of the many ones.

        • Semere Andom

          Hi Emma:
          Besides losing its precious and productive group a country that kills its founding fathers, buries their history is doomed to fail unless of course fundamental, genuine change that incrementally, genuinely stops the bleeding, corrects the wrongs and reconciles with its pasts with courage and envisions its future with clarity.
          Eritrea while it was blessed with founding parents, it has been orphaned by gangsters, who used a backdoor to infect the promising audacity of the founding fathers and then smeared the blood of the heroes on their shirts to fool us that they were with the martyrs when the shouted “awet nhafash” when they were killed by the Ethiopians and to our shame they are still coasting on these suspect legacy
          At this time, election, nutritious food, good health care, building bridges and dams are luxurious, the very survival of the nation is at stake. PFDJ and its paid agents in the diaspora are chipping away the nation, the people, the history and the life and it seems

      • Tesfabirhan WR

        Dear Hope,

        Your approach is the same and lame excuses. Just drop that excuses and make sure all the problems mentioned to be solved.

        When I talk about PFDJ dismantlement, it is not a mere replacement but a total Renaissance of Eritrean way of life. I believe 30 years struggle was not for Social Revolution but Indépendance. I believe that Eritrean dreams are betrayed.

        For the langauge, I still appreciate the concept but I don’t accept the methodology. The failure was on the PFDJ official language policy and the educational system that was intended to be. First, all Eritrean languages are officially serving equally while all documents are written in Tigrigna or English even not in Arabic. It is very strange to see all seminars to be conducted either in English or TIGRIGNA. No official institute is established to translate official documents as soon as they are dissiminated.

        Let’s take Tigre. A language which is originated from Ge’ez is diverse and very rich linguistically. Swedish missionaries were able to publish Bible in Tigre 150 or more years ago. And PFDJ only succeeded to publish Tigre newsf paper, a kind of hadas Eritrea but different in many aspects, and of maximum 1 hr per day TV broad-cast. This is shame. I could continue as usual but you said it all only we differ on our view and solution approach.

        How about the other official language? This is a policy problem. I don’t blame though PFDJ but I condemn for all his wrong doings.

        huka
        tes

  • derebew

    This coming from you is a blessing for Ethiopians who have done you good and will continue to do so.
    Have fun with the sophisticated game played by the low IQ Ethiopians in all spheres of life. If a mouse was more intelligent it wouldn’t have been cornered and eaten for lunch by a cat………you know what I mean. Ouch! …..I shouldn’t say that that is a punch below the belt but I meant it.

    At lease you the dynamic Eritrean with the highest IQ in the world may salvage Eritrea which is at “cross roads” he…..he…he……

    I don’t understand how much of your grey mater works but with the least number of neurons for a homosapien you seem to have a flare.

    • Nitricc

      Deribew you ought to be ashamed. There is a good reason you ranked 2nd in Africa in IQ. Do you know why? Lol your fertile land to India and your water to Egypt. Even worst, you are serving the Egyptians and the Indians. This pic is a gift for you. Some body did a good job to describe the Ethiopian leaders IQ. Enjoy.
      Regarding Eritrea and Eritreans, well give us time and you shall see. http://i865.photobucket.com/albums/ab217/Ethio2010/dogservantnile_zps74e1d5c4.jpg

  • haileTG

    Araya, if I am not mistaken, PMMZ had even told you who radio wegahta belongs to. You really think there is something Eritreans don’t know and only the great mafia PFDJ need protect us with its supreme knowledge! huh…But I need to tell you that if those demhit guys are fugitives from Tigray who run away after being sought for criminal offences (offences ranging from bank robbery to anything like legging it without paying from katikala biet:) we reserve the right to hand them over to their local authorities once there is change in Eritrea. Now that is a bad news to a lot of your friends, right?

  • It’s simply ignoring the Eritrean people, yes, it has ignored years back his EPLF and all that follow him blindlyt. No news at all that he despises them all, and disrerspects them all. He knows nobody would ever raise his finger let alone his voice against him.He liquidated the most and he will doing away with the rest.
    For me, it will never be a surprise nor a news, it simply meant to the die hard core’s daily consuption ratio just to keep them believing; the impossible is one day possible, but please give me time!

  • T..T.

    Isayas has never thought of giving latitude to the people around. He is control freak with no
    openness and commitment to the success of others and the nation. Those who are about their interest tied to the end and those innocents kept rewarding Isayas for suppressing the people and Sawa is just one of them.

    As recent as one hour ago and as recent as 2009, we find many innocents well speaking of Isayas, and Yemane Desta’s article is one of them:

    Does the EPLF (Eritrean People’s Liberation Front) qualify to be a learning organization? A modern systems theory perspective – by Yemane Desta 2009

    Abstract

    This article uses the framework modern systems theory as elaborated by Peter Senge (1990) to examine the EPLF (Eritrean People’s Liberation Front) as organizational system by assessing the Front’s commitment to and performance of social programs of education, health and women’s rights.
    This article goes to examines whether
    the EPLF qualified to be a learning organization
    that employed the five basic disciplines of systems thinking, personal mastery, shared vision, mental models and team learning as advanced by Peter Senge. The findings of this article suggest that the EPLF had achieved a significant measure of social transformation by bringing medicine and education to local populations living in areas it controlled, and made significant strides towards ensuring gender equality by employing a holistic approach(systems thinking) to the twin goals of liberation and development.

    Isayas never recognized learning and never facilitated learning and never felt about limitation of his knowledge in any area to invite others part their perspectives. His words are first and last and needs no reason to initiate or terminate any project of which Sawa is one.

    • Abraham Hanibal

      Isayas never errs, and hence no need for him to admitt mistakes, according to his ego. It is always “the others” who are responsible for any problems. I remember in the mid-nineties when I was in Eritrea, People were saying ” ሓጋዚ እንድዩ ስኢኑ”, as if the nation of Eritrea relies on only one soul. Over the period of the past two decades, I’ve come to understand who was responsible for disseminating those crazy 03 rumors.

  • Abraham Hanibal

    This rumor, just like all PFDJ-rumors, is intended to mislead some naive diaspora Eritreans to believe that change is comming. It is just a lip-service from a mafia group, which announced drafting of a constitution last May, never to repeat it again. As always, I’m surprised by some diaspora Eritreans who’ve not yet understood the nature of this regime.

  • Guhui

    United (old, young, male, female), we can save Eritrea:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t7hcB0iu79o

    • Abraham Hanibal

      Very sad, but the real situation in today’s Eritrea:((

  • Hope

    Breaking News:
    “Ethiopia warns investors about risk of war with Eritrea and famine in a 108-page prospectus”
    Source: nazret.com.
    This is for Haile TG et al.

    • Dear Hope,

      The two points, war with Eritrea and the danger of famine, are mentioned among the problems Ethiopia faces as a poor third world country situated in an unstable region of the horn, and not that Ethiopia is bound to go to war with Eritrea or famine is inevitable. Investors are forced to do some research before they invest, and there are issues, which they take into consideration. That is why Ethiopia is rated as B (prone to failure to pay back her debts). Remember, many countries are rated B, and even worse. Therefore, it is not about Ethiopia warning investors about a looming war or famine (which is counterproductive), but it is about the danger of default as seen by people who study each country’s ability to pay back, having in mind the problems faced by each one of them.

      http://www.cpifinancial.net/news/post/29241/ethiopias-bond-offering-rated-by-moodys-and-s-p

      • haileTG

        Selamat Horizon,

        As countries modernize and embrace modern standards of doing business and trade, such diclousures are essential. What this report shows you that Ethiopia is authoring its own and accurate assessment of investment climate. PFDJ and its supporters are probably a decade and half behind to understand it. Current Eritrean mainstream economy is heavily dependent on contraband goods and finances. PFDJ’s system is one of the most backward in Africa. The only good to PFDJ out of this news is to scare monger the population about a planned Ethiopian war. That is how disgusting the regime and its supporters are. For those fellow eri who feel like their ego bruised everytime we have to admit the backward and miserable condition of Eritrea, sorry you have to live with it. False pride is even worse.

        Regards

        • Hope

          Haile “TG”,
          Excuse yourself ,Sir,
          Speak for your self !
          Why do you believe that Eritrea is dependent on a Contraband Trade?
          Please explain and clarify yourself.
          Can you show us your minimal GUT and COURAGE to tell us the minimum truth about the negaive role the same Ethiopia has played for the last 10 yrs?
          -Can you ,using your relatively “High IQ”,can you,please, justify or at least argue how in the world would Eritrea initiate any war against any Country–as you and your Ethio buddies have been bluffing about-telling us the same thing over and over-that Eritrea cannot even—manage its own cities with Police let alone to wage war against war Ethiopia.
          This is beyond Hypocrisy.

          • haileTG

            Hope

            A lie is a lie, you can dice it, spice it, twist it, regurgitate it… it is still a lie. I have observed Minsitry of Health in Gash purchsing controband fuel for Ambulance and other Ministry use. Wonder around Asmara, little children (around 9 – 12 year olds) are all over the streets chasing drivers with a 5 lr yellow Jarrycan of gasoline and a small hose rolled around their necks that they use to pull up the gasolin from the Jerrycan with inhalation at one end and letting it drain into your car gas tank on the other end. Bread is sold in the market over 3 nakfa using contraband flour and if you try to bake it legally the mafia PFDJ would actually weigh the flour you get supplid and re-weigh the bread you make and share the profit only leaving you 3 cents per bread. Most of the bread in tea houses and shops are baked using contraband flour. The same with everything else. It is sick system and Sorry I don’t live off “jahra” and bravado. Work if you wish respect. Otherwise, thieves and liers are just that, all they create is death, misery and destraction. Dear hope, don’t be too bothered, Ethiopia takes thousands of your brothers and sisters a month. They know you situation more than you do and your own ego driven razmatazz doesn’t really change our failed state’s conditions. kab kulu ane jahra himam eyu zelaEleley…don’t feed me useless lies. Thank god I am a strong and capable man, I don’t need to feed off lies, give that to PFDJ followers. He, I still like you though 🙂

          • Abraham Hanibal

            And what makes the economic situation really strange is the regime, the PFDJ, is itself involved in the controband business as a main actor!

          • Hope

            Haile “RG” and Hannibal the “great”
            —and what is more strange is that when we contradict right and left and blaming the PFDJ,the only Regime that can handle the Eritrean situation,at least for now..and rewarding the bloody enemy,which is trying to strangulate the Eri Economy.
            To me,this …beyoind crap and hypocrisy of Hypocrisies….
            I would do more contraband so as to keep the economy to survive—
            If the CIA or the Mosad or KGB or even your TPLF Gang or whatever entity–is doing seriously luxurious under cover Arms Sales Contraband business for extra–money with its secodnary deadly outcome—,why can’t the PFDJ do a minimal non-lethal contraband business to give some light to dark Eri Cities??
            Wake up dude,NO Sane person will buy you and your cheap propaganda…-

          • haileTG

            Please yourself dear hope.. because that only shows your standard. I believe in doind trade the right way, you believe you can cut corners and get away with it. That is fine, except don’t teach it your children if you have any. Every cheater will have a day when the past catches up with them.

          • Hope

            Sir,
            I am just challenging your hypocritic statements and do NOT twist things here and there for your convenience.
            Keep your “standard” to your self.
            Abreham:
            Re-read what I said:”There is no other regime or power to handle the Eri Nation for now until we come up with a better alternative” from pratical point of view.
            Answer my question first..Nothing is perfect here and everything is relative.

          • haileTG

            hope

            OK I will keep my standards to me, as long as you stop talking about modern economic issues (like the investment prospectus that you shared). You should only be talking about illegal nafta, akat and gaba. You don’t understand that trade is a legacy that gets passed on to generations. You want to make 9 – 12 year old kids controbandists. That is real shame. If the east Sudan route is shut off, the regime will be dead and your 2% would’ve been better invested in aqurdet, tesseney, meriet arkobkobay, akatey bel’ie zseteKula mai 🙂

          • saay7

            Haile TG:

            One of the least reported news happened last year in October. Understandably, we were all in a state of shock/grief about Lampedusa: Wedi Vacarro was inspired enough to shed his silence, Wedi Tkabo left the regime… But tucked in October was this: the Child Labor Index:

            http://maplecroft.com/portfolio/new-analysis/2013/10/15/child-labour-risks-increase-china-and-russia-most-progress-shown-south-america-maplecroft-index/

            Here are the top 10 countries with the most extreme child labor prevalence:

            10: Burundi
            9: Yemen
            8: Zimbabwe
            6: Pakistan
            6: Afghanistan
            3: Sudan
            3: Myanmar
            3: DR Congo
            1: Somalia
            1: Eritrea

            The regime supporters have come up with a fail-safe formula for everything:

            Bad News About Eritrea? (a) Its a lie; (b) It’s the fault of Eritrea’s enemies
            Good News About Eritrea? (a) It’s true and this points to the wisdom of the Isaias government

            I have never heard the Isaias regime say “we made a mistake.” The closest they come to that is ጌጋታት ኣይተገብረን ማለት ኣይኮነን

            saay

          • haileTG

            Hey saay, oh man, I bet you that only PFDJ had known about that and had been relieved for being spared at the time. There is a casual observation (albeit very obvious) that I hold: since 2000/01 every single following year gotten much worse than the previous one. If “>” stands for better than then 2001>2002>2003>…..>2014 and as per IMF projection, with a steady decline in growth rate, Eritrea will likely be “the poorest” nation by 2018! (That was IMF’s prediction as I’m sure you’ve read it). So, since 2014>2015 and 2015 much better than 2018, I think my friends Hope and dawit have every reason to celebrate new years 2015 with a big party, after all it is the best year in a stretch of the next 3 or 4 🙂

            In a different subject, did you read the PFDJ press release that said “the quote attributed to Yonas Manna Baire was grossly misleading” …haha the funniest I read. So, let’s look at it : “the quote was attributed”?? Is this like they do in ERiTV (a quote is normally attributed to “residents” or “a resident”:) Technically, the release didn’t say the Politiken’s quoting wedi Manna was false (it is recorded so they can’t go there). So, essentially, the release wasn’t against the Politiken. In fact, this was a press release against what Yonas Manna said!! Although we know that what Yonas Manna said was not only true but very economical with the truth (some of the Malta returnee were tied to trees and left in standing position for days and nights, including severe beatings), but there could technically had been anything to be done except Yonas Manna to come forward and say he made mistake. Since, by definition, PFDJ supporters don’t really have self respect to begin with, this would have been an easy way to go about it. Imagine how Yonas Manna is feeling today having contradicted his boss (after spending the best years of his life to destroy his birthplace;)

            The second news is PFDJ’s obsession with human traffickers. It made the Rome conference that was called to help source countries to stop forcing out their people, into an international conference on trafficking in persons. For PFDJ, the traffickers are literally snatching the people from their homes against the latter’s will!!! PFDJ is busted:-)

            cheers

          • dawit

            The opposition should congratulate itself for its achievement of Economic sanctions imposed on Eritrea since 2001. It is time to celebrate. I am also wondering how the opposition missed this good news! It should have been ‘Seber News’
            cheers

          • saay7

            Haile TG:

            Well, here is a glass-half-empty take on your analysis:)

            If tomorrow is worse than today; then today must be worse than yesterday.

            This means that if Eritrea was a person and you asked it, “how is your day?” it would have to answer, “worse than yesterday, and tomorrow will be even worse!” Or, as this guy explained (20 second video from Office Space): every day you see me, it is the worst day of my life.

            Cheers!

            saay

            http://youtu.be/TcKi_XW79bQ

          • haileTG

            Haha saay, I am amazed how fast you pull this “unique fit” examples:-) good one too!

            Imagine now all the people sitting around him to offer support, turn around and tell him that he was hired by the KGB and he is only working to tarnish the West’s image and deny its achievements!! That is what PFDJ would do, and what is more, they go as far as saying opposing their criminal acts was what had caused it in the first place (because if you didn’t opposed it, no one would have known about it, much like the maplecroft report), which in turn just means “out of sight, out of mind” i.e. didn’t really exist.

            hmmm…confusing!

            Cheers

          • Hope

            Interesting cutting and pasting every morning.
            SAAY,
            Can you elaborate more on this, as you sometimes seem to contradict.
            Do you mean Child Soldiers?We heard that too yester-year.
            I started working for my family at the age of 5–fetching water,firewood,looking after goats,etc…Is that included in the statistics/ population size,btw?
            May that report was meant to discredit the MDG Success story??
            OR the lowest HIV/TB/Malaria infection rate/prevalence in SSA(Sub-Saharan Africa?
            Or the highest Literacy Rate and Clean Water Provision in the same region or at least in the Horn.?
            Stick to your lecture about “Winning Legitimacy” over the PFDJ by:
            Your recommendations of:
            a)
            b)
            c)
            d)

          • dawit

            How did they came with data and ranking from the most secretive and secluded nation in the universe? Is this data collected some satellite that can track the age of the child from space? By the way I noticed that all the countries blacklisted by the group maplecroft are countries with some sort of sanctions or war declared or undeclared by the UN system going on for the last decade and half. I am not surprised in an agrarian economy if children participate in subsistence farming economy..
            10: Burundi
            9: Yemen
            8: Zimbabwe
            6: Pakistan
            6: Afghanistan
            3: Sudan
            3: Myanmar
            3: DR Congo
            1: Somalia
            1: Eritrea

          • Abraham Hanibal

            “…PFDJ the only regime that can handle the Eritrean situation…”. Are you jocking, to tell you frankly, the Eritrean People is better off without any regime than that under the PFDJ. I say this because the People is so disciplined and good-mannered that it can manage very well without a regime of criminal gangs. By the way, why should the PFDJ engage in contraband, when in reality it should create a healthy and legal economy, that gives the citizens the chance to participate in their economy? Are you admitting that you’re supporting a regime that is engaged in contraband?

          • dawit

            And Strange situation create strange strategy of survival. Only PFDJ knows how to handle strange situation in Eritrea. Remember the axis of blockade or economic isolation of alliance of Ethiopia-Sudan-Yemen. PFDJ shattered that unholy alliance.

          • Abraham Hanibal

            But why put the blame always on others; why not look inside your own regime’s policies? As far as we know it, there is no any economic sanctions on the Eritrean People as such. But there is an assets freeze on the tyrannical political and military leaders of the regime. These assets, if any, do not belong to the Eritrean People anyway, they’re in fact stolen from the People.
            Had the regime followed on the relatively sound political, and economic policies of the early 90’s the country would never had found itself in its current disaster. By monopolising the political and economic life, and creating a terror state, the PFDJ has destroyed the trust and unity among the People, making it difficult for private investors and traders to contribute to the economy. This is the real reason why the People are suffering all the hardships of today.

          • dawit

            Hailat you should congratulate your self your effort of UN economic sanction is working creating shortages of fuel and bread in Eritrea. But the sad thing for you is standing on its feet, be it with contraband fuel taking care of its health delivery to its people!
            Regards
            dawit

          • haileTG

            Hi dawit,

            Shortage of fuel has nothing to do with arms embargo. In fact, the regime used shortage of fuel to immobilise UNMEE operations. That was way before any sanctions. The regime stopped any buiness licensing, hence creating the shortages in supplies as bread…, back in 2005, again way before the sanction. No doubt Eritreans have spent the last decade or so being read stupid and dummies. But, that has changed now, because we have paid heavily all round for our stupidity. It is just a bunch of hired bluber boxes talking for the regime now. Everyone else knows the score:)

          • dawit

            Dear Hailat,
            You are right the economic blockade of Eritrea started way before the UN sanction. It started when Ethiopia declared war in 1998, trying to claim property that did not belong to it. The UN sanction is a continuation of that to prevent Eritrea from becoming the next Singapore in Africa!
            Regards
            dawit

          • haileTG

            hi again dawit,

            You know it more than any one that one can’t simply explain themselves out of trouble. All costs are to be born by the current and future generations of our country. We are responsible for the way we act and what we get out of it. Eritrean issue is no longer an issue of politics, it is an issue of morality. For the nation to cheat itself out of its problems, assumes that others are less intelligent than us. Very wrong and dangerouse assumption. We can perform an honest days work and we have what others need, hence we can build trade and enterprise into an industry. As a nation, as a people, and as generations we are at crossroads, those willfully or ignorantly lending their support to a regime that is engaged on dividing the people, plundering the naton and destroying its history, will bear the full blame in not very long time. Thank God, I am not on that side.

            Regards

          • Semere Andom

            Hi HTG:
            Can you send a message to Sal to switch his affection to “Thanks God, I am not on that side” until at least the new year:-)
            Also remind him that the other phrase, the timeless, ageless and that will drive dawit nuts cannot be replaced, I am referring to the “Look” and “bagoni” when I say to drop them in favour of “Thanks God…” 🙂

          • saay7

            iSem:

            I don’t know what to say. Wait, I do: ባጎኒ እንድዮም ቀይሮምልና

            saay

          • haileTG

            Dear saay,

            ንዓ’ባ ግደፍ በባጎንና አትሒዝካ ከይተጣፋኣና 🙂 ኣነ’ኮ እዛ ጉዳይ ባጎኒ፡ ምስ ማሕሙዳይ ንዘራረበላ ከቢድ ጉዳይ ኣሎ (the Ex-tegadelti, as a political class, are a segment of our population that has unique stakes on the ongoing situation)፡ ሳልሕ ዓርከይ፡ ግደፍ’ዶ ናበይ ኣንፈት’ሲ፡ አበየናይ ባጎኒ ተሰቒሉ ይሕምበብ ምህላዉ’ውን ዘየስተብሃለ፡ ሓፋሽ እኮ መሊኡና’ዩ ዘሎ። 🙂

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Ahlan Sem A
            I have been looking for u all over the globe using awatistas tools. Sometime last week I thought I zeroed in on you and nitrickay some where in Ohio in a Habesha restaurant owned by khawaja doing your feat of mutual annihilation. Then a word came that nitrikay was on his way to give half-cousin Hope a much needed help. Well, then I thought you joined Abusheneb, “May be,” I thought, “May be, he changed his mind and joined them.” But with saay, you can’t even finish pondering. He replied, “weriduni gual Qeshi! ” well, I didn’t go further, I kept tinkering with awatistas tools. And there, you are! Indeed, weridwa gual Qeshi! Haha…did I get it or not?

          • Dear Hope,

            The fate of Eritrea is in the hands of the Eritrean people, and it can never be determined by Ethiopia. Eritreans have the magic wand in their hands to save or destroy Eritrea. Any country that stands for peace, normality and economic development is always a winner. Someday and at a certain point, we should stop talking about war, and
            start talking about peace, economic development and regional cooperation.

            Sanctions can be lifted in no time if the regime in Asmara tries to function as a normal government that respects international norms. The Eritrean regime should not have fallen for the no-war-no-peace situation, unless of
            course it serves its purpose. It should have found a way around to get out of it, before the damage is too big. Acknowledging a mistake and changing course
            is not the sign of weakness, but the quality of rationally thinking. Accusing Ethiopia for the predicaments of Eritrea will not help, and continuing on the same
            destructive course is not going to change the situation (A. Einstein’s wise words of doing the same thing repeatedly and expecting a different result comes to mind). Dogmatism of all kinds, politics included, should be avoided by all means possible, for it incapacitates us.

          • Hope

            Thx Mr Horizon.
            We have heard those “nice” things before….
            Please,with all due respect,tell me as to why your own Gov is working hard day and night to strangulate Eritrea’s Economy….besides working harder to tighten the sanctions and to create new ones.
            “Ne-amiromu ghibromu lekorabitihomu”.This a Unique Ge’ez…slang.
            meaning that : Bedenb ennitewawekalen”..
            Plus,you told us that unless we give up Aseb for you,Eritrea will never get better or will be in peace.
            No,thank you.

          • Dear Hope,

            Unfortunately, very few people can put prototype ideas on the table. All of us are recycling old and known concepts. Most of the time, we forget all together about the simple and important ideas that can solve our problems, and we waste our time beating about the bush to no avail.

            It is a mistake to see the Ethiopian government as if it is omnipotent, and as if it has in its hands the master key that opens all doors, be it in the UN, the State Department, Downing Street or elsewhere. The Ethiopian government can demand for sanctions, but it cannot force anybody to implement it. It is the facts on the ground (no need to repeat them) that decide the final outcome. In addition, Ethiopia can refuse to cooperate but has no power to control Eritrea’s
            economy.

            There are two governments, sworn enemies, undermining each other’s power to rule. The one wants to fragment Ethiopia and the other wants to depose its opponent. Two elephants are wrestling and the
            grass (the people) are suffering. What is there you do not understand? The main point is to bring peace, and not to wait until one of the two comes out a winner. Then it will be too late, and it will serve no purpose.

            Hope, my friend, let us not discuss Assab again. If you are aware of it, Assab is blowing in the wind these days, due to Djibouti’s unexpected behavior. Let us wait, and see what others have to say.

          • Abinet

            Selam Horizon
            Please tell me more about “Djibouti unexpected behavior”
            BTW, do you know it is the grass that suffers when elephants make love?

          • Selam Abinet,

            It is mentioned by an opposition writer without giving any details. I have not been able to read the article about Ethiopian government bonds on the
            Financial Times. I do not knows what exactly is happening, and that is why I said let us wait and see.

            Abinet, you are saying that somebody’s enjoyment
            is somebody else’s suffering. You could be right. “Every happy family is happy in the same way; every unhappy family is unhappy in its particular way” L. Tolstoy.

          • Abinet

            Selam Horizon
            Thank you . Let’s wait and see.
            ” esti enayalen ” ale ayneswur.

      • Kim Hanna

        Selam Horizon,
        .
        Thanks Horizon, for the short explanation. I cant wait till I get a chance to read the whole thing. The disclosure of all future potential pitfalls and nightmares are laid out for all to see. It appears very similar to disclosures medicine drug companies make to patients in the U.S.
        It is even advertised on television as having the listed side effects that includes killing you. However, the Doctors say, yes, but take it anyway, sort of cost benefit assessment. That is life.
        .
        It was interesting though that the Eth. Government keeps an eye out on our brothers, friends and partners in Djibouti. They think, they might wake up one day and get off on the wrong side of the bed to change course. I suppose it is possible knowing the neighborhood, but highly unlikely, that someone will cut their nose despite their face.
        .
        Happy new year to everyone!
        .
        K.H

      • dawit

        But Ethiopia does not have to list the ‘War with Eritrea’ and famine as factors unless it is planning to take Assab by force, if the Badme/Assab swap did not materialized! The two are interrelated. Drought is not a cause for famine, but a protracted war is and Ethiopia does not need any proof for that, because that is its history for the last half century. It is Ethiopian policy that creates instabilities in the region, for a century.

        • Dear dawit,

          There is no way whatsoever to justify a war, unless it is to defend oneself. Whatever the reason, starting a war is provocation, and will be supported by nobody. Only desperate governments start wars, to externalize internal problems, and Ethiopia is not at that stage. If Ethiopia starts a war at this point in time even for the sake of Assab, it will be the greatest mistake ever, and it is my opinion that she will never do it. Assab can be solved peacefully in the future.

          On the contrary, what you have to worry about is
          from the Eritrean government side, because as I said earlier, desperate governments do desperate things.

    • Abinet

      ” doro bitalim Tirewan”
      Hope nefse,”yeraswa siyarbat yesew tamaslalech” endayhon negeru .

      • Hope

        My Cousins Abi,Horizon and Deribew:
        We all know all exactly the spirit,the motivation,and the evil intetention of the Report.
        Where were you as recently as few months ago where your Governement has been,and still is,and will be as witnessed by this :”Unusual Investor Warning”,war-mongering and involved in tightening and making up new Sanctions?
        Mark my word and WATCH:
        Eritrea is ready for a non-stop and unbeatable Marathon as of NOW for an Economic Boom and that is why your evil wishing Gov just woke up in thge middle of the night and thought about something it believes might halt that Boom.

        • Abinet

          Economic boom in eritrea through contraband ? Now that is breaking news. I suggest you retake Econ 101.
          Nefs neger neh .

          • Hope

            Abi,
            I hate when you act like a third-grader,when in fact,you seem to be a College Prof per your articulation.
            Here the FCATS about Eri Economics 101,as a reminder as you know it better:
            1) A $Trillion Potash Industry with more than 200yrs of Mine Life
            2)A Projected $10-15 Billion Precious Metal Industry over the next 10 yrs only but with a mine life of more than 50yrs,where 70 % of the Eri land is covered with those Precious Metals
            3)A Projected combined multi-billion $ Tourism,Fishery and Salt Industry
            4)The as of yet–undisclosed Multi-billion $ Petro-Gas Industry withoiut going into its details as it is a classified Info
            5)The incredibly huge Clean Energy Multi-billion $ Potential of the Red Sea/Dankalia Natural Dam
            6)The huge Agro-animal Industry Potential,which by itself only,can cover the Eri Economic needs
            7)The huge untapped diverse Eri Human Resources potential-from all all over the world–incluidng that of the Eri-Awatista Scientists and Politicians..
            8)Etc–
            These are not wishful or dream figures but confirmed by your own Masters at the Western Economic Intelligence Experts.
            And these will be aggressively utilized ASAP–provided you and your masters leave us alone.

          • Hope

            Pls read “FCATS” as ” FACTS”

          • Abraham Hanibal

            ኣብ ሰማይ ዘሎ ደበና!
            Forget your trillions and billions, the Eritrean People is in dire need of bread, water, and electricity.

          • Hope

            Bro Abreham,
            I was just responding to Abi et al about the ” Potential”.
            It is just a matter of time that the” Ab semay zelo demena” will come down as a heavy rain soon.That was my message.
            Our untied and coordinated stuggle should be directed for a real change but I have to react as an Eritrean Citizen to gross issues directed at Eritrea as a Nation.
            I have to consider the other /external factors leading to our mess as both domestic and external factors are inter-linked and contributing to the mess.
            I admitted our domestic/internal factor as the main culprit but I am arguing that the external factors have contributed tremendously, and as such,we have to fight both at the same time.

          • Abinet

            Hope gerageru
            This a conversation b/n you and Haile TG
            Hope “how is life in eritrea?”
            Haile ” better than tomorrow ”
            Hope ” you must be an ethiopian”
            Haile “hahaha”

          • dawit

            Dear Hope,
            There is an Amharic saying, just because you have two feet, you can not climb two trees. We need to focus on the external factor first, because that is what created and complicated the internal factor.
            dawit

          • Hope

            Selamat Dawitom,
            I agree with you,at least in principle.I admire your firm stand and decent debate and counter arguement style.
            You sound to me a Politician as well besides a Patriotic Eritrean and hence,I respect your stand and approach.
            In my case,I have no clue about Politics…and therefore,it is difficult for me to have a kind of Stand that you have.
            I am an Independent Eri Citizen/Thinker,who goes with the flow and who tries to call a spade,a spade but when it comes to the National Security of Eritrea,I do not give a damn shxxt about this and that crap but will stand FIRM on the side of my Government and people…..
            Based on the above FACTS,I tend to”flip-flop” when I notice “gross mistakes and abuses or crimes”,if you may call it;but on the same token,as you may see here and there,I also give credit to the PFDJ/GoE when it deserves it.I do not believe in a blanket accusation and extremist approaches and am firm believer in a “Proper National Reconciliation and Rapproachment”.
            I have been “lucky” enough to have seen and to have experienced both sides of the world as a former EPLF member or Agent(Not in the Field) and an Ex-PFDJ –etc…i.e.,”have been there,have seen that,have done that….thing”.
            Therefore,it is difficult for me to be reserved when I have to express my grievance and when I have to give credit where it belongs to.
            To come back to your point:
            -I rather strongly believe in “fighting” both the domestic and external factors at the same time but with different approaches….and I would rather clean my house first so as NOT to give any chance to my enemies to take advantage of my weaknesses and “failures”.Please consider SAAY’s “Legitimacy” issues and approach as it makes lots of sense.
            I also strongly believe that mistakes are NOT failures but lessons and we should rather learn lessons from our past mistakes rather than correcting mistakes by other mistakes.
            Let me give you few examples:
            -We should have learned form the past failed Communism or Albanism and make a U-turn when it comes to our Socio-Economico-Educational Policies(refer to Tes’ points)
            -We should have learned from the past experience in handling and modifying the National Serivce issue and our Diplomacy.
            I mentioned those two-three issues as they seem to be the major game players of our National Security,Interest and Development.
            If we were able to tackle those isuues correctly and timely,our mess could have been minimized and since we have not addressed them properly and on a timely basis,our enemies have taken advantage of our failures on those issues.

          • Abraham Hanibal

            Bother Hope;
            I agree with you that we’ve to face both internal and external threats, if we’re to survive as a nation. But we should not place the main blame on external factors; that is what the PFDJ regime is doing and wants us to believe so. The regime does so in order to draw attention away from its illegal and criminal actions against the Eritrean People. It is unjusstifiable to discard the legally ratified Constitution, to arbitrarily arrest citizens, to close all independent media, to deny all basic human rights, and to reject the rule of law, presenting the unresolved border-issue as an excuse.
            By correcting all the above mentioned mistakes, Eritreans could have done much better both internally, but also in facing any possible outside threats. As we know, the PFDJ regime was using the border issue as a reason for not building a constitutional government. But to our surprise, the dictator came with an announcement last May that the process of drafting a Constitution would start. The dictator,as always, didn’t show any shame for his illegal action; he didn’t name the already ratified Eritrean Constitution by a single word! This is a serious crime and theft aganst the Eritrean People, who had drafted and ratified their contitution through reasonablly democratic process.
            This shows that the leadership of the PFDJ, with dictator Isayas at the helm do not believe and respect the Eritrean people’s free political choice, but instead they would like to empose their wish on the People. As long as we’ve this type of leadership in Eritrea, there would not be any tangible development in our country.
            The same is also true regarding the open-ended national service. The regime was using the border issue to justify the lengthy national service. And now it is sending unofficial signals of restoring the service to its original time frame of 18-months. The question is when the border issue is the same, or even worse, considering Ethiopia’s ability to enter Eritreean territory any time at ease, then what is the justification this time to start drafting a constitution and restore the time frame of national service? The answer to this could be the PFDJ-gangs could no longer expect to decieve the Eritrean People for ever, and events on the ground are running at a faster pace than they could imagine; therefore, they’re obliged to bring some false hopes in order to prolog their illegal grip of power.

          • Hope

            Abreham,
            Thnaks for your response
            Please,kindly, read me again:”I admitted our domestic/internal factor as the main culprit but I am arguing that the external factors have contributed tremendously, and as such,we have to fight both at the same time”.

          • Abraham Hanibal

            Brother Hope;
            I’ve noticed that you’re one of a few PFDJ-sympathizers with a sense of reasoning, not like those blind supporters who claim “wala tinfer’mber tel’ya”. I see that you admit we’ve a serious internal problem, and that is a good starting point. Next step is for all Eritreans to unite in the fight against dictatorship and the wrong internal and external policies of the PFDJ. It is only then we can create a country that we would be proud of.

          • haileTG

            Dear Abraham,

            You made a clear and precise summary of the reality. One more point to add (which you also implied in your closing sentence) is that the PFDJ regime is now politically bankrupt and there is nothing it can manage to do without risking its instant death. It is also economically cornered because its political and policy blunders mean that it is beyond its means to rectify them. And finally, it is no longer capable of mitigating the unfolding social catastrophe resulting from the population escaping in mass or poised to do so given a chance. Hence, the current utter confusion within the regime that is forcing it to make contradictory announcements every other day. The PFDJ is all done now and will only be staying as long as our people continue to issue it with blank cheque by avoiding to challenge it. But given the way things are shaping up, our people are also finding it impossible to continue doing so because it is exacting huge costs on them. The likely scenario is that things will come to a head without a clear replacement emerging to fill the gap. Not a nice ending but hard to avoid.

            Regards

          • Abraham Hanibal

            Dear Haile;
            Your additional comments imply that there is an urgent need for those Eritreans who’ve the capability and capacity to come together and discuss a course of action in facing the current serious situation in our country. There is a need for a national unity Conference to bring all forces that wish to see a change to the better in Eritrea. These foces need to sit together and come up with tangible decalation of action as soon as possible. They need to agree upon a minimum set of goals that would facilitate the downfall of dictatorship; but at the same time secure a smooth transition of power in Eritrea.
            If there are any forces that oppose or hinder the formation of such a unity, they should be sidelined; the Eritrean People are tired of the PFDJ and some of those who are in the opposition, but have done nothing meaningful to unite the People for a common goal.
            Regards!

    • Tesfabirhan WR

      Haw Hope

      Have you ever though about this

      Eritrea is now with highest number of disabled children?

      Developmental news from Eri-TV

      http://vimeo.com/113533788 (watch between 1:20-4:00 (just 2 minutes and 40 s)

    • Tesfabirhan WR

      Haw Hope,

      Have you ever thought why diabete is more than ever affecting Eritrean families?

      It is not for old and over-weighted people but for kids.

      In 2013, Eritrea has registered 130,930 cases of diabetes. http://www.idf.org/membership/afr/eritrea

      http://www.idf.org/membership/afr/eritrea/eritrean-national-diabetic-association

    • Tesfabirhan WR

      Haw Hope,

      Have you ever thought why Breast cancer is the highest rate in today’s Eritrea?

      Research done by Tesfamariam et al, 2013, shows that

      “Eighty-two patients ranging in
      age from 26 – 80 years (mean 48 years) were included in the
      study. Of these 51% were premenopausal women; 61% of the
      patients presented with breast mass only and the remainder
      with manifestations of local (mass plus discharge, breast pain
      or breast ulceration) or distant metastatic disease. More than
      60% of the patients presented after >2 years following
      onset of symptoms. Two-thirds of patients had late stage (III
      or IV) disease. All except one case was managed surgically.”

      for more, read, research paper titled by

      Breast

      cancer clinicopathological presentation, gravity and
      challenges in Eritrea, East Africa: Management practice in a
      resource-poor setting which is available at http://www.samj.org.za/index.php/samj/article/view/6829/5284.

      • Hope

        Tes,
        I admire and congratulate Dr Tesfamriam et all for taking that initaitive and for their great research.
        Hello Dr Tesfit et al—-
        Hoping that you might have sometime to browse this famous website:
        Congra for the job well done!
        My apology that I missed you during my last visit…and say Hello to all the hard working gang over there–(Just only 3-4 of you are still working hard out of the 20?
        Keep it up–as only Hamid Idris Awate himself along with few of his “Gang” members–were the ones,who produced all—-!
        I saw Dr Tesfatsion(Chen) at the UN MDG Conference Video—full of white hair,man,along with the Good Lead Professor.
        Kudos to you and keep up the good job.!!
        N.B.
        “You will be rewarded in abundance—here in this world and in the coming Eternal World”,since “Zeihissu kalu,Zeitelim Kidanu”–is His Promise .

    • Tesfabirhan WR

      Haw Hope,

      do you know that the only Food Quality and safety control mechanism in Eritrea is by checking “Expire Date”

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eiegYaJaPIc

      And there is no set institution, National food laws except proclamations so far to improve the food safety and quality control?

      Expiration date has two meaning in food industry

      1. The food is no more nutritional the day after its expire
      2. the food is not good for health if consumed after expire date.

      If Eritrea is now supplied with packed food intered the country through contrabanda (illegal goods) and if it is normal to find expired foods in the market then either Eritrean people are consuming non-nutritional food (which might be the main cause for diabetes and so son) or unhealthy food which can cause diseases like diarrhea, bacterial caused diseases or toxicity, cancer causing bacterias etc.

      It is normal to see expired food oil in Eritrea these days and made from Soyabeans (might be GMO) and hence cancer, bllod pressure, stroke etc can be caused easily.

      Dear Hope, don’t go after the sun rise, make the sun to rise.

      tes

    • Haile WM

      yewah si kulu ghizie yewah dea 🙂

      • Hope

        In what sense?Pls clarify..
        I brought it as an FYI to expose those TPLF Sympathizers.

        • Semere Andom

          The Strange saga of Dr. Jekyl and Cousin Hope:
          Hi Cousin Hope:
          You were doing so good before you went for that vacation in Europe, what happened? This is not my theory, it is Cousin Sal’s Unified Theory of Everything 🙂
          I followed your exchange with dawit and from what I see I will loose my bet on you that will expire by the end of the year.
          I agree with you that we need to keep Eritrea secure, there is no going back to an abusive marriage that ended in divorce after one partner has savored and tasted life without us, even if for no other reason, it would be stupid to go back to Ethiopia in weakness. So your waking nightmare is unjustified, a fair referendum/survey/poll will ensure/verify/confirm/guarantee that Eritreans will not want to go back with Ethiopia:-) This is paranoia that was created by the fear mongering PFDJ. But the question is who will ensure the integrity, sovereignty and longevity of Eritrea. If “TPLF sympathizers is deragotary term in your mind then there is only one entity that is TPLF sympathizer and it is EPLF, government of Eritrea and PFDJ in that order, ONE yet THREEE, you may call it the Trinity of the root cause of our problems.
          Do not look for TPLF sympathizers, it is in the very entity you support and pledged to increase your 2% extortion. Do not even go that far find the TPLF sympathizers, he is here a prolific awatista who sees light in the peach darkness of DIA and PFDJ and sees darkness in the light of opposing this regime, he name is dawit.
          All year fears about the fragmentation of Eritrea, sleeping with TPLF and all the voices you hear will only happen if PFDJ continues to reign over Eritrea with your support, with your prayers and with your money.
          I call on you to unequivocally revoke every feeling, every soft spot that you have for PFDJ and declare with your typically affection for Eritrea and Eritreans and sever that umbilical cord.

          • Hope

            Welcome back CousinSem,
            Pls,do NOT live in the 1970s and 80s.
            It is 21st Centuary–time to learn from the past mistakes and work for a better for today and tomorrow.
            The old ELF is gone,the old EPLF is gone and the new or old PFDJ will be gone for good.
            Let us work hard for a better alternative and New ELF/EPLF/PFDJ.—for a new and an “All Eritrean Peoples’ Part/Front”

  • Yohannes

    I don’t think that NS will be shortened. Just another time saving scheme by the regime. Bytheway is it just me or is Gedab news less busy since Ali Abdu left. Could you confirm Ali Abdu’s statement that he was the main source of ‘from the belly of the beast’ items on this site? If so, is his defection the main reason there is very little news on the situation inside Eritrea?

    Correct me if I’m wrong, but I think that Ali Abdu really regrets (or should regret) his defection. Why on earth did he not stay in Asmara as minister? Was there any indication that he would be frozen/demoted/arrested, or worse? I know his statement said something about killing, but his statement is incorrect on so many points that I doubt he was on the shortlist to be taken out. Even if he felt he could no longer support the policy of the regime, why not stay and try to change (tiny bit of change that is) it from the inside. I know many here will argue that’s impossible since the dictator makes every decision on his own, with perhaps a small circle of people influencing him (Ali Abdu not being one of them). Still however take this into account. The dictator is in his early seventies now. He is a known drinker, perhaps has cirrhosis and will possibly (perhaps highly likely) die withing a few years. Even if you have little influence over the dictator, the situation could be different in a post-isaias scenario, where a president Yemane (Gebreab), or President Yemane (Ghebremeskel), or a president Sebhat, will surely be far more pragmatic than the current fool. An opportunity missed for Ali Abdu. Perhaps SAAY could comment. Thanks

    • Abraham Hanibal

      Well; I think the dictator is 68 years old; anyway chances are that he would soon die naturally. But what is really worrisome is that there is no any succession plan within the PFDJ-regime. I think even those who swear unquestionable support to the dictatorship should begin to think logically regarding the fate of the country, the sooner they do so the better.

  • Rodab

    With all due respect AT,
    Do you have to use unflattering photos of the officials you go after?
    It is their (mis)deeds we have problem with, not their God-given appearance.

  • Mahmud Saleh

    AT, thanks, well done. You have connected relevant dots and presented a cohesive picture. Your conclusion seems to be spot on. Who conducts the seminars is irrelevant in trying to infer the intended purpose of it since we have come to be familiar with workings of PFDJ. Pfdj does not follow customary protocols. Another point: why in the diaspora when the primary audience should be the youth and their parents inside the country? That shows the intended primary audience is a body other than Eritreans. Those attendees are site audience/background of the chatter.

  • Guest

    AT,

    Why do you let the PFDJ criminals set the tone of any discussion? What if the decree is official and the national service is reduced back to 18 months? Does that mean we will have to cut the criminals loose and abandon the struggle to root out the tyrant in Eritrea. I say, your report is un-necessary attention afforded to a tyrant and his organization.

  • dawit

    Dears ALL
    What if this news is true, regardless who reported it, how it was reported, in what language,,to whom is trying to influence? The return of “National Service” to its normality is a good news first to Eritrean youth at home and their parents and of course also to the Eritrean Diasporas who have to empity their assets to pay human traficceres. to smuggle their loved ones out of the country. Since the indefinite national service is quoted as the main push factor for Eritrean youth to flee their country, this is indeed a good news. The only people who may not like such policy may be human trafficers and organ traders and middle mens money changers. Also Countries that boost their foreign earnings from the UN systems or remittences because of presence of the influx of refugees would not welcome such news.
    dawit

    • Semere Andom

      Hi Dawit:

      You took Sal’s description of you as irreverent/reverent,unique, break though through, earth shattering paradigm shift etc to heart and you are doubling down.
      Good news to what end, to buy time, a real policy decision that someone will be accountable to ?A low of the PFDJ functionary announcing this important news and the owner of the sole proprietary of Eritrea himself is not announcing, it just stupid and those who believe are also in the same vein. A

      I bet you that this will come to pass, can you bet all the corpses of the mosquitoes that the National Services has killed that this will come to pass?
      I agree with you that human traffickers will not like it if in deeded this came to pass, but you “Einsteinly” glossed over that DIA and Manjus are partners to the human traffickers and that is why they would never kill the goose that lays the proverbial golden eggs.

      • saay7

        Welcome back iSem!

        Come on Sem, don’t blame me for Dawit and Nitricc.

        If you spent as much time as I do reading the Cro-magnon views of some of the supporters of the dictator, you would know that my kind words for Dawit and Nitricc are all following the rules of relativity. Dawit actually argued “znegese ngusna zbereqet tSehaina” and not in a ironic, post-modern, cynical way: but as one who embraces a wisdom (hidden from all of us) on an old Habesha idiom. Thats irreverent.

        Nitricc has one admission club ticket to the Humanity Club: he actually believes it is wrong to imprison people without charges. That’s it: if one accepts that, to me, everything else is individual freedom and politics/ideology. And since I believe almost all politics/ideology is run by misguided and stubborn people anyway, I just shrug my shoulders at it:) Plus, unlike you, he is into sports: that counts for something:))

        saay

        • Semere Andom

          Hi Abu Salah: Thanks for your warm welcome, I am back.
          I know Nitricc challenged dawit why PFDJ imprisoned Dejen and Cousin Hope also has hope.
          Your angel investment in the “nano” Nitricc will pay off, but it will take time as novel technologies take time;-)
          Nano here is used positively:-)

      • dawit

        Hi Semere,
        Ya! welcome back my friend I really missed you for few days, but I thought you traveled to Stockholm or Oslo to collect your Noble Prize!
        Cheers
        dawit

    • haileTG

      hi dawit,

      “What if this news is true, regardless who reported it…”

      http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p02cznlc

      Regards

      • Araya

        Dear haile “the greatest”
        BBC reported: I.E. it is undeniable truth! Is that what you are saying? Haile the Great, find a job,
        you are so bored with yourself, and you are becoming boring. I think, when your friend Sal, sarcastically labeled you “the great” it went through your head like an alcohol does to a drunk person. May be you are drunk, you sound like one. Have some more for your “greatness” greatness my foot. You are no one.

        • haileTG

          haha ..here come’s Araya and his cursing of alcohol. You know Araya, I never understand your alcohol analogy, it is not that close to my life. Who was drunkard in your home, dad/mom? No wonder you they ended up with you!

          • Araya

            Dear Haile the great:
            Hahahah; now you are playing dumb. Are you telling me, after all out defense you have put-up in defense of your drunken heroes in Addis; now all of a sudden, alcohol is big deal? You know Haile, you are a work of an art. In truth, if alcohol is not that causing you to go ballistic, then it is a great concern about you as a person. Read your own posting and if that is not a drunk man talking, then I worry. Haile the great, have one more drink and write, they might slap you with “Haile- the magnificent” come on man! do it.
            By the way I will go to bar Liya tomorrow and I will update you about your drunk heroes.

          • haileTG

            Seriously though Araya, reading you consistently, rarely do I come across somebody that only connects every evil to drinking. I happens every single time. What is it?

      • dawit

        Dear Hailat ,
        I don’t know what you wanted to convey, but it confirms what PFDJ has being for years the organized human smuggling to empty the youth of Eritrea from its youth. I am surprised from the interview an intelligent young Eritrean command of the English language, Eritrean investment in education. Loss for Eritrea of its human capital and gain for Britain.
        Regards

        • haileTG

          Dear dawit,

          I might have confused you because I only wanted to limit to what you said. My point is that if you ish to keep an open mind, please apply that accross the board. Yesterday we heard an account of a 17 year old Sinai victime on radio assenna. Man! we got to stop this stupid politics of defending a regime that consider human trafficking to be the problem and not the supply that created the trade. Are you saying that trafficking isn’t done by EDF Toyota pick ups? weren’t senior army commanders receiving money in Asmara? The regime not only got money to traffick people, it is now asking aid for being the highest source country!!

    • Abraham Hanibal

      Even if the News would appear to be true; no one is naive enough to expect the end of exodus of Eritreans, because the economic,, political, social, and human rights scars that have been created in the past decades are not easy to reverse. The only solution to significantly reduce the number of Eritreans leaving their country is the building of democracy, rule of law, and repect of all human rights. In other words, Eritreans have to rid themselvees of dictatorship, and corrupt officials, if they re going to lead degnified lives in their country.

  • Semere Andom

    Hi All:
    This report about Berhane Ghebrehiwot is accurate, “Berhane is a trusted protege of Yemane Ghebreab”. I must add that he is career protege. In his previous life he was also a trusted protege of Muhaydin Shengeb, it was Shengeb who helped him with his career. A 50 year old late bloomer,Berhane is a grade 10 drop -out, shrewed and he can sell anyone to the river personal ascent.
    Along with Shengeb Berhane was responsible for the disappearances of a few Eritrean students. One of the victims is Mohammed Omer Idrisai, who in 1987 got a scholarship to Kuwait and when he returned to his Family in Kassal for Eid he was kidnapped along with his older brother and spent 4 years in prison. Their crime, if you have not guessed it, they were suspected Jihadists.

  • haileTG

    Dear AT,

    Thanks for this analysis. There are a couple of things I would observe:

    1 – Osman Saleh (FM) made a speech in Rome, on a conference with aim of stemming the tide of refugees to Europe. Eritrea, naturally being the highest contributor of refugees in that room, everyone was waiting to hear what policy change it would propose to hep the control the crisis. The FM, didn’t mention such issue as peddled by Berhane. The Forced conscription of the young is the central issue that the world is talking about in relation to the world’s second biggest refugee producing country. Instead, the FM, just said it would go after human traffickers (mostly its own regime members) as if that is the main concern, Humman traffickers are the means not the reason that people are fleeing his regime’s violence.

    2 – You pondered “How this affects the relationship between the Eritrean ambassadors to European countries and their constituents…” What relationship? Was there ever a time when a “relationship” had been used to deal with hgdef’s crimes and willful cooperation by its diaspora accessories?

    regards