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Eritrea: War, Peace and Reforms

The Ethiopian government made peace with Isaias Afwerki. This is the de facto of what happened as Isaias and his regime have no mandate from the people to make peace with Ethiopia although peace is what every Eritrean been longing for since a very long time. Isaias has made peace with Ethiopia so that he can quietly continue to oppress the people denying them peace and freedom.

Eritrea has no constitution, no parliament, and no democratically elected president. The symbolic state machinery and institutions are not serving the country and the people. In the early 1990s, Isaias gained trust of the Eritrean people when he proclaimed democracy, freedom, and welfare to the people

At the beginning, he was a celebrated freedom fighter and a charismatic peoples’ leader. He provided hope not only for the Eritrean people, but for the whole African continent. Eritrea and its leaders became role models for many developing countries’ people.

Then, the atmosphere was inspiring and I published a couple of articles in the official Eritrean newspaper, “Haddas Eritrea” on the following topics:

  1. Why it was so important to start political debates and a process for multi-party system.
  2. Why freedom of speech is important and the role and ethic for the Eritrean journalism

This was in the right direction for a democratic government that should not censor opinions.

But Isaias has been a military leader for over 30 year when Eritrea gained its independence. It was naïve of us to expect a democrat out of a war hardened army commander with all facts on hand. His experience was about power and politics of war. In the late 1990s, the Eritrean People´s Liberation Front (EPLF) became the sole political party and the only allowed actor in socio-economical fields. Import of goods (nothing to mention about export), construction, transport, housing, etc., were and still are EPLF owned.

Just after the independence, many Eritreans who returned home hoping to start a business in their beloved country received many excuses from the state machinery in denying them licenses. Though on paper they should, EPLF did not want competition in the market so they had to create a lot of bureaucracy to the applicants who finally lost patience and left the country, ruined.

The poor people stayed inside the country, started complaining about lack of food, jobs and houses. They started questioning the ability of the regime to put things right. Surprisingly, Isaias and the regime started to act differently, distancing themselves from the people and finding different excuses for not doing many things. Like many dictators who once admired and celebrated freedom fighters, they refused to step down once they secured power. Isaias started to act like one.

The Eritrean people did not see this coming, at least not soon enough.

“Create crisis, threaten the people, divide them, and if that does not help detain all of them” is what all dictators do to prolong their stay in power and that was true for Isaias, too. Lies about foreign powers threatening the sovereignty of Eritrea; lies about Eritrean individuals, groups, and the free press plotting against the state of Eritrea and disobedient officials were painted with lies.

What would be more suitable in 1998 than to go to war against the former colonial Ethiopia, which was a “great friend” between 1991 and 1998? State of emergency was proclaimed, indefinite military service was instituted, parliament and a free press were closed, the drafted constitution was put on hold, dozens of long-serving freedom fighters possibly threatening Isaias’ power were arrested. Suddenly, Eritrea became a lawless country ruled by a tyrant—as John Locke says, “”Wherever law ends, tyranny begins”.

I will not analyze the background to the conflict since it is very blurred by different tales and there are historians who could do it better. Nevertheless, Eritrea did not afford to go to war; if it had a reasonable government that thought twice and looked for options before jeopardizing Eritrean lives.

Who fired the first killing shot that ignited the war, is not relevant. Why did two countries that a few years ago had a good political relation, open borders, and free trade declare war on each other overnight?

As in Eritrea, Ethiopia was led by a copious dictator, Meles Zenawi, who was a good friend of Isaias during the liberation struggle. Was it simply about power within and beyond each other’s borders? Did Badme really matter?

The war lasted between 1998 and 2000 and cost the lives of 100,000 people from both countries. The number of displaced people in Eritrea, and Eritreans who have been expelled from Ethiopia, was at least double that number.

Young people, the hope of the Eritrean future fled the country. Thousands died and still are dying in African deserts, detention centers, or drawn in the Mediterranean Sea while fleeing to save their lives. The world community screams and condemns the regime for its unwillingness to respect human rights and care for its own people. What the world community has not understood is, that it is exactly what Isaias and the regime want: Empty the country of its youth who could eventually become a threat to its dictatorial rule. Isaias has done his homework, “avoid the wind of the Arab Spring from blowing towards Eritrea”, a movement in which the youth will have a decisive role.

In April 2018, when Abiy Ahmed was elected as the prime minister of Ethiopia, he addressed the country’s Parliament with a proposal to withdraw from Badme area and make peace with its nemesis Eritrea. It did not only surprise Isaias and his regime, but the whole world–including the two countries’ people who have been longing the normalization similar to the period between 1991-1998.

Abiy’s olive branch to Isaias was so unexpected it put the Eritrean regime in an unmanageable situation. It took two months before Isaias reacted to the olive branch from Addis Ababa. In June 20, 2018 in his speech at the Martyrs Memorial Day, Isaias said he is prepared to send an envoy to Addis Ababa.

There is no counterpart to the Ethiopian Parliament in Eritrea, therefore Isaias hand picked and sent an envoy composed his two most loyal servants: Osman Saleh and Yemane Gebreab. It seems the Eritrean regime is composed of these three guys only since there were no other Eritrean representative ever sent outside Eritrea

After some shuttle travels between Addis Ababa and Asmara, a peace agreement was signed between the Ethiopian government and Eritrean regime led by Isaias.

The agreement harms the Eritrean people, but it benefits Ethiopia, which can now fully focus on bringing the country towards democracy and economic growth. Now Isaias has no external enemies.  Both Ethiopia and the world community have given him their blessings that directly or indirectly puts him in a position to continue oppressing the Eritrean people in even more cruelly and arrogantly.

Reforms in Eritrea will be delayed

The Eritrean people have a very challenging and difficult task ahead.

1)      The Eritrean parliament has been dissolved  and the constitution it drafted is on hold probably awaiting to be disqualified and “renewed” by Isaias.

2)      There are no political parties or groups to take over WHEN Isaias and his regime fall down. There is no freedom of speech, justice and human rights, to freely and independently build parties

3)      All ministers and officials serving the Eritrean regime are above 65 years of age, and those aged between 18-50 years are retained as slaves in endless military and national service. Thousands of the under 30 years olds have fled the country.

4)      Almost all Eritrean academics, scientists, capitalists, and potential political leaders reside abroad, there is no significant opposition in the country while the Diaspora groups are divided into two categories,

A. Those who actively or passively criticize the regime
B. Those who actively or passively support the regime politically and financially

They do not contribute to the country or to the daily life of the oppressed Eritreans. And those living inside the country are terrorized, enslaved, monitored or imprisoned with no potential for an uprising.

In my opinion, there are three things that could happen in Eritrea:

1)      Some military officers could overthrow the regime (from a military rule to another) which would lead to a situation like that of Somalia, Iraq and other countries influenced by the Arab Spring. This will not bring any fundamental change.

This is not a good option:

2)      International pressures for change, side by side with peoples’ uprising and disobedience  would probably make Isaias react by easing control, such as limiting the power of the military and national service period to 18 months, and a modified constitution might “soon” be released …but he will not offer a fundamental reform, specifically surrender power. As he put it on the 28th Independence Day of Eritrea, “we have to be patient, we have to analyze in detail and not rush into reforms and changes”.

This is also not an option

3)      When asked about reforms post peace agreement with Ethiopia, Yemane Ghebremeskel from the ministry of information arrogantly and contemptuously said, “it is up to the Eritreans and the Eritrean Government to decide what and when”, meaning if Isaias wants to, “take it, or leave the country”

This is not an option either.

What is the best alternative for Eritrean people then?

I don’t think anyone has a workable solution or a proposal on what will be the political changes in Eritrea.  Maybe a combination of the three options above, maybe another. What I am certain about is that, the Eritrean people have a long way to go for a composite democratic reform.

The first and most powerful tool is, unity among the Eritrean people. A united people that the regime can no longer divide-and-rule is a threat to Isaias. If the regime knows that it can no longer deceive, manipulate, or threaten with reprisals, it might bring some radical changes.

The second tool is, a genuine support from the world community. Not only rhetorical condemnation, but a serious one with active support. Sanctions against Eritrea were lifted, Eritrea is elected in UNHRC and many countries praised the “peace agreement” with Ethiopia hoping for reforms. An isolated regime, specially from the Arab world, might bring some radical changes

I also believe reforms and changes in Eritrea should take place while Isaias and/or the regime is sitting; even if that feels like a bitter medicine, it is necessary. In the absence of other parties, groups or leaders, the regime must formally lead until at least an elected parliament is formed as the first task to appoint an interim government before Isaias steps down and lift a pen to edit the Eritrean constitution giving him (and probably his heir) power for life. Only then will the machinery start to roll.

About Kahsay Tsegay

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  • Teodros Alem

    Selam
    I have been watching a youtube video when ethiopia cultural musicians performing in messewa, the ethiopian cultural bands that 3A send to eritrea r 2 groups. 1, those assigned to murder and destroy the cultural music by making it ugly and jano band(a rock band). am just saying.

    • Paulos

      Tedros,

      You should see me laughing. Jano band are pretty cool. I have seen them performing. You’re probably an old timer for their taste 😂. I actually can’t believe they agreed to go to Asmara.

      • Teodros Alem

        selam paulos
        Jano band is my favorite band, the funny part is rock band representing ethiopian culture for people to people relationship with eritrea.
        genet zewide family house is less than 1/2 mile from my family house , that is how i know, nothing to do with age.

  • Paulos

    Selam Hailat,

    Asmara, in 1932 which was the most modern city in Africa second only to Johannesburg and to see it reduced into a typical Hollywood Zombie shooting site is way beyond sad! Great and bright days are ahead nonetheless!

    • Berhe Y

      Hi Paulo,

      Do you think his plan is to ruin the buildings and then ask fir aid money to preserve it?

      Three years ago, when the whole unesco thing happened, there were over 4000 building that was detailed study done by an Eritrean engineer in the hope of restoration. He was awarded for his meticulous work and I think some university from Italy suppose to start work. The Italians I think really wanted to preserve them, because it’s their legacy.

      I don’t know, may he didn’t find a way to funnel the money to his coffers he doesn’t seem willing the project start.

      Few years ago, Enaeil hospital was renovated after so much funfair renamed airforce hospital or something. It suppose to start operation and went to visit it (to reopen) and he was in bad mood and left. Two years later, they are waiting for his go ahead before it opens its door fir public.

      This guy I think he makes “a list of good things not to do” and operates as such.

      Berhe

      • Paulos

        Selam Berhino,

        “This guy I think he makes a list of good things not to do!” That is classic and funny.

        I guess the short answer to the puzzle is how Milkias Mihreteab put it years ago, when he said, “ሻዕብያ ምስ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ቂም ‘ኣለዋ!” And I tend to agree with him to be honest with you. One perhaps can pull a cultural revolution on people but not on an entire city when only Heaven knows what the cultural troupe had to say in private particularly those who knew Asmara through the two previous regimes.

        If you remember, when the border was open and when Ethiopians started to flock to Asmara, this is what the BBC Amharic reporter used for a heading for his coverage on the city and the people: “ኣስመራ: የኣዛውንቶች ከተማ!”

        • Berhe Y

          Hi Paulo,

          I agree totally but I think Milkeas would Probably have change it to “ Isayas ምስ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ቂም ‘ኣለwo”.

          Berhe

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ሰላማት ዶተረ/በርሀ
            ከተዛርቡ ደሊኹም ሰብ
            ጠንቂ ጽልኢ ኢሳይስ ኣበይ ክርከብ

            ትብሉ ዘለኹም ትመስሉ
            ‘ዛ መርዘነይ ከተልዕሉ
            በሉ
            ስምዑ ጽን በሉ

            ኢሳያስ
            ንሰውራ ዝተላእከ ዕሱብ ምዃኑ ቀደም ተነጊሩ
            ብጾቱ ግን ‘ታይ ገበሩ?
            ናዳ
            ብጀካ ሕሉፍ ናእዳ

            ኢሳያስ
            ሀ ብምባል ንኣብራሃም ተወልደ
            ሰሚምዎ ሰውራ እግሩ ከይሰደደ

            ብጾቱ ንታይ በሉ?
            ገሊኦም ዘይገበሮ ናእዳ የጋንኑ
            ጥርቅም ‘ቶም ዘይከኣሉ

            መንካዕ ኢሉ ጨልገፎም
            የሚን ኢሉ ኣርገፎም
            ንገሊኦም
            ብጸጋማይ ዓይኑ ጠሚቱ ሸፈፍ ኢሉ ሓለፎም

            ብጾቱ ‘ንታይ በሉ?
            እንታይ ክብሉ?
            ዘይተጣሕነ ወረ ኣቐበሉ
            ድሙቕ ጣቕዒት ኣቕረብሉ

            ኣሽሓት ንጹሃት
            ኣርገፎም ኣብ ቅርዓት
            ንገለን ብኽድዓት
            ንገለን መንጠሎም ካብ ሓዳስ-መርዓት
            ብጾቱ ‘ታይ በሉ?
            ‘ንታይ ክብሉ
            ከሸንሉ ደኣ ናይ መርዓዊ-ገዓት
            ገዘምዎ ደኣ ክንዲ ዘጠፈአ ተባዓት
            ገለን ድማ ተሓቢኣ ኣርገፈቶ ንብዓት

            ቀጸለ
            ምስተረደኦ ከምዝ ገበለ
            ቅርስም ብሒም ንዝበለ

            ደም ኣርካናት በብሓደ
            ብጀሪካን ክጭልጥ ለመደ
            ሓደ ሓደ ጎራሕ ሃገሩ ራሕሪሑ ተሰደ
            ኢሳያስ መሊሱ ሰወደ

            ሕብእቲ ደብተሩ ከከፊቱ
            በብሓደ ኣርካናት ኣጽኒቱ
            ንሱ ‘ዩ ድማ ሕልሚ ናቱ

            ኤርትራን ህዝባን ንምጥፋእ
            ኣብ ድሕሪ ጽላል ሃገራዊ ብምሕባእ
            ሰውራ ንከቕህም ወይ ንምግታእ
            ክንደይ ንጹሃት ‘ወ ተኸፊሉ ሞባእ

            ፍሉጣት
            ክንደይ ምዑታት
            ከም ሓንጎል በዓል ዓፋ
            ጸሓይ ከይረኣያ ኣብ ሳሕል ተረፋ
            ዓወት ንሓፋሽ ከይበላ ብኸንቱ ዓረፋ
            ብጾቱ ንታይ በሉ
            ተስዊኦም ዮም ኢሎም መሓሉ
            ረኺቦም ይኾኑ ግዝያዊ ሓለፋ
            በጃኻትኩም ኢለኩም ግደፉኒ ኣፈይ ብዙሕ ተለፋሊፋ

          • Paulos

            Caro Geometra,

            You’re gifted. This is certainly one of the best poems I have read in this site in the company of Hailat’s and Kokobay! Sometimes I wonder if poetry is innate or something one develops. For some people, it seems to come naturally. God bless!

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Thank you brothers, Dottere/Professor!
            I wish I was blessed with10% of your deep knowledge on variety of topics.
            ኣነ በዛ ሽሮ ከንጸርጽር ከሎኹ መጻሕፍቲ ‘ዮም ግዲ ክምንጭቱ ዓብብዮም ‘ኳ ‘የ ዝብል። ኣነ ጥራይ ከይመስለኩም: ብዛዕባ ዓዋተ ከነዕልል ተጀሚርና ዳርጋ ዝበዝሕ ሰብ ኣነ ዝፈልጦም ከም ናተይ ርኢቶ ‘ዩ ዘለዎም።

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            ሰላም ማሃንድሳይ,

            Your nickname (መሃንድስ ምዕባለ) tells and signifies everything about you including the knowledge imbued in you. The words you said about you are just to reflects your modesty and your humbleness. I got it that. I love your nickname that reflect who you are.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Mehandsay,

            Simply, it is an epic poem, both in its content and in its rhyming words. Without doubt, you are a very gifted compatriot. God bless you for speaking the truth.

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Mehandis,

            I am sorry i took long to respond, I was waiting for the weekend. I don’t have any capacity to write a poem but I wanted to share a link of young Eritrean named Merhawi Woldemichael a poem who wrote titled “wedi Bdama”.

            https://youtu.be/7Ew_Eq5f5bc

            Yoel from fanus (I really like that guy) interviewed him last week and it’s worth a listen.

            While on the topic, have you considered sharing your poems with the many ERITREAN channels that are broadcast via satellite.

            Berhe

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ሰላማት ብርሂን:
            Thanks for sharing this poem. Amazing! This young Eritrean has bright future in poem, if he continues with it.
            Agree on Yoel. He seems very optimistic and focused. ኣብ ጓል መገዲ ግዜኡ ኣይጥፍእን። ተስፋ ዘለዎ ሓውና ‘ዩ። ከምኡ ድማ ነቲ መስሓቕን መሃርን ዝኾነ ፋልፋሳ!
            ነቲ ርእሲ ዓካት [ተስፋጨን] ዝብልዎ ወዲ ከይትርኢ ‘ሞ ሕማቕ ምሸት ከይተምሲ ጥንቅቕ።

  • Paulos

    Selam Professor A. Hidrat and Awatistas,

    Earlier today, Aman asked me if I could comment on the role of women in as James Brown’s lyrics had it, […..Man’s man’s world.]

    Not sure if I should be excused when I bring over scenes of a cinema where I can’t seem to resist the temptation and what I have in mind is “Moonstruck”, the 1987 movie where the theme revolves around a typical tight knit Italian family in New York where two brothers fight over the same woman and causes falling apart.

    When that is not enough for the falling out, the father of the brothers as well starts an affair with a middle aged woman who is a long time friend of the family. As it happened, one of the jilted brother’s, looking for a deeper meaning of his predicament, poses a question to the woman whom his father is having an affair with when he asked, “Why does a man chase a woman?” And she [Olympia Dukakis] said to him, to get his missing rib back for Eve was created out of Adam’s rib.

    In a rather sort of serendipity, a man in Asmara a couple years before the movie was released seemed to disagree with Olympia Dukakis.

    Enter Bar Royal: I remember this particular man whom people talk about in a sort of coded words not so much because he looked different when he sported worn-out cloths and flip-flops but he was also the brother of a famous man who would later preside over Eritrea for years to come—Isaias Afwerki! As most of you may remember him, Amanuel Afwerki was not well. He was mentally unwell. He would mostly roam around Bar Royal in a complete silence and would start talking to himself and repeating the same words over and over again the minute he sits at the patio of the bar. He would ask rhetorically when he said, ‘እዝጊሄር ኣብ ሞንጎ ኣዳምን ሂዋንን እንታይ የእተዎ? Perhaps, Amanuel was into something and was probably misunderstood by the society at large when more often than not genius is mistaken for mental illness.

    Certainly, that religious tradition where Amanuel seemed to challenge gave a free reign to Man so much so that it was also compounded by texts of the antiquity when Greek classical writers including Plato, Aristotle and Roman writers Cicero and Polybius among others paved the intellectual foundation of the latter day Enlightenment era but had done so when they excluded women of either political participation or with in the core value of Liberalism which defined the essence of Enlightenment.

    Moreover, when America was founded as a city on the hill enshrined in Liberty and Equality, its sacred document however reads, “..All MEN are created equal” when women were considered second class instead. The verdict is however found in nature itself when Biology attests why women are not only more effective and strategic than men but more competent as well.

    Female physiology is complex and of course there is a reason for that. Here, for our purpose, we focus only on the basic physiology of pregnancy and it’s deeper ramifications on women’s strategic thinking wired up in their psychology as well. And, strategic thinking takes the center stage in leadership and pushing for optimal result among equal options.

    A female fetus and later newly born baby is born with a limited number of eggs in her immature ova. And during puberty, the eggs would mature along side the other hormones as in Estrogen and Progesterone, and every month one egg is released and would be fertilized should the woman engages in s*xual means, if not, she would have her period. When this is the basic physiology, the fact that she has limited eggs, the mind designs strategic and efficient way of investing the eggs. Selecting a partner carefully and strategically, for instance. Men on the other hand, do not have this kind of evolutionary advantage where they are limited to only one hormone–testosterone–hormone of the muscles for hunting and gathering.

    If there is any providence that guides history into a meaningful destiny, it is led by the crucial role of women when if anything, 21st Century is a testament to that effect including the Eritrean brave women who are effecting change far faster than we can ever imagine! Elizabeth The First of the worldly to Mother Theresa of the Heavens and of Human Rights giant Rosa Parks in-between….Its a Woman’s Woman’s world instead!

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Dr Paulos,

      The issue is how do we bring the Eritrean Indiras, the Eritrean Golda Meirs, the Eritrean Thatchers, the Eritrean Angelas, to the forefront to run the state machine of our nation. The Eritrean men are so arrogant and uncompromising to let our population in an unforeseen despicable situation. It is time to relinquish power to the Eritrean women. We need strong women who can reprimand pointing their finger (like Polesi) to the harmful ego of Eritrean men. We have to initiate such campaign for fundamental change to save our nation. The current picture in Eritrean politics shows that there are many Issayasist on line after the current despot. What do you think?

  • Selam All,
    The first ever ethiopian satellite ETRSS-1 is in space, manufactured and launched by China. It will be used to study the weather pattern, agriculture and forest conditions. It will be monitored from Entoto satellite station.
    Could it be of use to eritrea as well?

    • Berhe Y

      Hi Horizon,

      I think it’s good news, how ever the pictures that are being circulated is a bit misleading because it’s not the true picture of the satellite, but hopefully one day there will one like that, being launched from Ethiopia / Africa.

      I think there is no reason why Eritrea would not use it if it finds a good use cases such as weather, communication, research, security etc, and it can afford to do it.

      Berhe

      • Selam Berhe Y.,

        I am not aware of all the services the ethio-satellite may render, which i think are many, nevertheless, if i could bring one example, i.e., if it could track the movement of locusts in the horn of africa, which has become a major problem in the region recently, and there is fear that the destruction of crops may result in famine, it could help a lot by directing the department that is fighting the locusts.
        Monitoring the area of the boarders is said to be one of its functions. The ethiopian borders are porous. Illegal weapons enter the country from all directions, and if the satellite could give information on insurgents and traffickers, it will be great. I think that this is one extremely necessary service the country needs urgently.

        • Paulos

          Horizon,

          Great points. I agree.

    • Teodros Alem

      selam horizon
      China is the one that launched the ethio satellite, it is the 21st African satellite and the 10th african country satellite after 3 north african countries, after Nigeria, south africa, angola, ghana, kenya and rwanda.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Horizon,

      This is good news. Such good news in the mixes of the current political crises is not bad. It should be welcomed. Congratulations for the technological acquirement.

      • Paulos

        Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

        It sure is good news but equally there is a rather sinister and macabre news circulating in social media where the video shows Amhara youth dancing and singing at a sad scene of a couple of Mosques burning [a town in Amhara Kilil.] This is serious and it has to be condemned by every one including Abiy instead of posing for a camera when the day shines.

        • Abi

          Hello Paul
          You said “This is what you get when the no nonsense guy Getachew Assefa is replaced with…”.
          All I wish you for the new year is thousands of no nonsense Getachew Assefas in every corner of Eritrea.
          Sorry you are disappointed that Getachew is replaced by someone you don’t approve. I hope you find him roaming godana harinet.
          Happy new year.

          • Paulos

            Hey Abination,

            Man, where have you been hiding? We miss you much ma bro. Hope all is well with you. Here is a cool song for you when it is meant an attribute to the urban legend GA!

            https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=FEExulaBxHg

          • Abi

            Paul
            Thanks for welcoming me back with a terrible song. Your taste of music is undoubtedly terrible. You need to work on this.
            I miss you too.

          • Saleh Johar

            Welcome home Abi, glad to see you
            I was wondering if you ever met Hope I Gonder. He was planning to invest in a wefcho bet down there 🙂
            Welcome again

          • Abi

            Selam Ato Saleh
            Thanks for the welcome.
            Yes, I met Hope running his wefcho bet in the heart of Gonder. He is looking for a reliable partner in his business. He said he is making zeros. You fit perfectly in this particular partnership.
            ነጠላዎትን እየቋጩ የመንደር ፍየልና ሆፕን ሲጠብቁ ታዩኝ:: ሆፕን መጠበቅ እንደሁ ቀድመው ያውቁበታል::
            መልካም ዓመት ይሁንልዎ

          • Selam Abi,

            Welcome back. I am sure Hope will show up. We miss him too.
            By the way, in Addis, Abiy and IA have promised to create more zeros for 2020, something like bitcoins. Abiy said that they have already succeeded in making 6 zeros 4.5 times in Telecom and somewhat more in Ethiopian Airlines in 2019. Both seem to agree that it will be much more in 2020. We will see what they mean.

          • Abi

            Hello Horizon
            ኢሱ ጭሱ አዲስ ላይ ይደመራል ሃመልማል አባተ አሥመራ ሄዳ ትቀነሳለች

            እርምህን አውጣ እንደ ሙት እርሳኝ
            ዳግም አላንሳህ ዳግም አታንሳኝ
            ይጨክን ልብህ ቀብሮ እንደገባ
            አትድረስብኝ ሆድህ አይባባ

            ተለይቻለሁ ርቄ ሄጃለሁ
            ተስፋህን ቁረጥ ረስቼሃለሁ

            She is saying “I’m done with you “ while the young and restless dancing.
            I think this is the most unfitting song for the occasion.
            Huge ZERO!

          • Teodros Alem

            selam abi
            Shame on the people that ordered that kind of songs to be sing and shame on ethiopian musicians who sing that kind of songs on that particular occasion(people to people relationship).
            i know in ur “dor manqye” culture the singers probably get beat up and insulted for singing unfitting song but in normal societies it is a dignity to respect, to be kind, to be polite and show happy faces for ur guests .
            So restless is the musicians, not the dancing youngs.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Abi ,

            You are most welcome..We all miss you..Thank you for the above poem..I am looking for your poem in Jebena page..Will come at any title you prefer ? you can do it I know..

            KS..

          • Abi

            Kokobe
            Thanks for the warm welcome.
            I took that poem from Hamelmal’s song to show how it was totally inappropriate for the occasion.
            Of course, the song is from early 90s.
            There is absolutely nothing that Abiy doesn’t know about Isu.
            እንደ ወጌሻ ቀስ አርጎ እያሸው ነው:: እያሞቁ ማሸት ይሉሃል እንዲህ ነው!!

          • Teodros Alem

            abi
            Just because she don’t approved gaytachew is replaced by someone, why is that u wishing thousands of nonsense Sodom gaytachew in every corner of eritrea,? U used to tell us u r in love with gaytachew because u love “dabo” so much, remember?

          • Abi

            Hello Teodros
            Start with salutations

          • Teodros Alem

            selam
            I don’t know in what kind of culture u grown up? It seems like u growing up in “doro meneqye”, it seems like u growing up playing outside in the middle of the night while ur mom doing several business closing the house .

  • Paulos

    Selam My Good People,

    I guess I am the only one ኣብ ጎልጎል ሜዳ ዓዋተ ዝጋልብ ዘለኹ. And hope every AWOL Awatista’s New Year resolution would be to come back to the site in full vigour and force. I guarantee you, Aya Saleh a kind hearted person that he is will forgive you like the proverbial “Prodigal Son.”

    Anyway enough with ዋዛ. Of late, Sal has been tweeting about the legacy of the late [OS–not the Operating System] Sabbe where in one of the interviews that he did, he gives a sort of a bird’s eye view about Eritrea including the size of the population [ 3 and half million people and this was during the reign of the King].

    I remember, the first time I heard about Kbur Abona OS Sabbe was on my way to school when I was a teen–in grade seven. I saw a caricature of him in an Arab drab posted on an electric pole where the caption says, በፔትሮዶላር ኣገርን የሸጠ ሳልሕ ሳበ.

    In later years of course, heard so much about him but what I found a bit odd was that, I have never heard him speak in Tigrinya [In many of his video interviews.] I wonder if he knew any?

    • Haile S.

      Selam Paul,

      Are you still talking to me? Just to make sure. ወይ ነገር ድልይልይ በትሪ ሃሰውሰው! Interesting dig by the way. As per his biography at Awate and elsewhere, he went to Medhane Alem School in Addis. Unless that school teaches in Arabic or English, he must have learned in Amharic, which gives us an idea that he must have spoken tigrigna as well.
      ከምቲ መሃንድሻ ዝበሎ፡ ክሳዕ ፈላጣት ዝነግሩና መኾምሶዒ (appetizer) ክኾነካ ኢለ እየ። ከይዛረበካ ምሒለ እየ ትብል እንተኰንካ፡ መንደቕ ሓዝሓዝ ኣምናተኽለ ግሃ…:-) 🙂 🙂 .

      • Paulos

        Selam Hailat,

        Do you remember ጠናስ መንደቕ? It must had been built by a small time ሚነዋለ because it looked like as if it was pregnant, protruding as opposed to standing straight. If your GPS is still of መደበር caliber, it may not help you but the wall was of a building one block North of Bar Torino before you make a right turn to እንዳ በጠበጥ. Point being, many times I was told ጠናስ መንደቕ ጋሃጽ and እንታይ ይግበር ኢልካዮ ሓያላት ናይ ገዛውቲ ዝበሉኻ ግበር እዩ ኔሩ the rule of the town.

        I actually didn’t know OS Sabbe went to school in Addis and in that case he must have spoken Amharic much less Tigrinya. Thanks for the info.

        • Haile S.

          ጳውሎስ፡

          ስእሊ ሓራስ መንደቕ ልኢኸልካ ነይረ፡ ግና ክሳብ ሕጂ ኣብ ማሕቡስ እዩ ዘሎ። መልእኽተይ ንካይትዘሎ መዘኻኸሪ እዩ።

        • Haile S.

          ሰላም ጳውሎስ፡ ምስ ሰብ ዓወተ

          እልልል ሓራስ መንደቕ ተፈቲሓ
          እንሃለት ኣብ ትሕተይ ኣብ ትሕቴኻ

          ስማዕ እባ ጳውልሻ፡ ቀስ ስላሕ እንዳበልካ
          ብሓሳብ ካብ ኤርትራ ዶ ርሒቕካ?
          ኣብኡ’ኳ ተ’ዘየለካ ብስጋ
          ዜግነት ለዊጥካ, ዳርጋ
          ኣይብልን’የ ዘለኹ ጌጋ፡ ከምድላይካ
          ወዲ ተስፋ-እዝጊ ከም ዝበለካ
          ኣይወርደካን እየ እውን ከም ሓደጋ
          እንታይድ’ኣ ሲ ኣይትረስዕ ናትና ዕባራ ዳንጋ
          ዋላ እንተሓሰረ ኣብ ሓባራዊ ዕዳጋ
          ክቡር እዩ ኣብ ሃዘጋ ኣብ ጸዓዘጋ
          ዝበለጸት በቕሊ ትርከበሉ ዝነበረት ጥቓ ወኪዱባ

          ዓዲ ራእሲ ወልደንኪኤል ዓዲ ደጃች ሃይሉ
          ስማዕ እባ ኣብ E-Profile ኣንቢበ ኢትዮጵያዊ ተባሂሉ
          እቲ ወዲ ተውልደመድህን ደጃች ሃይሉ
          ራእሲ ወልደንኪኤል ኤርትራዊ እንተድ’ኣ ተባሂሉ
          ደጃች ሃይሉ እንታይ ሓቢጥዎ ኢርትራዊ ዘይብሃለሉ
          ዋላ ኣብኡ ይውለዶ ካብ ትግራወይቲ ኮብሊሉ
          ጸዓዘጋ ተመሊሱ ሃገሩ ከመሓድር ተማህሊሉ

          ርግጽ ሃይለ ዝልፍልፍ ዘሎ ደሓን’ድዩ ካበይ ተላዒሉ
          ብሓሳብ ከም ኣቦ መኹሱ ድዩ ኮብሊሉ
          ዝብለኒ ኣብ ዓወተ፡ ይህሉ
          ኣይፋለይን ኣለኹ እጠርጥ ከም ዒሉ
          ገና እየ ኣሪጉ ይኸውን ኣይትበሉ
          ተስፋ ካይቆረጽኩ እንዳ ህግደፍ እጣጥም ሓምሊ ጊደበሉ
          ሓዳስ ኤርትራ ኢ-ፕሮፊለ ድዮም ዝብልዎ እንድዕሉ
          የንብብ ኣይደኽመኒ፡ ደኺሙና በጃኹም ኣይትበሉ

    • Berhe Y

      Hi Paulo,

      I think we are also equally to blame (at least most of us) who refuse to try to believe the truth and never question the propaganda from PFDJ. Isayas and PFDJ can get away with the most ridiculous lies and we never seem to react to refute their claims.

      For example, a Jordanian friend of mine told me that Saleh Sabbe son went to school with him and he lives in Sweden.

      May be some people tried but why is it so hard that no body ever spoke to him / interview him and share story that he knows.

      Berhe

      • Paulos

        Selam Berhino,

        I absolutely agree. Let’s face it, you and I are from the Highlands and of the same generation who grew up with a biased psych which favours Isaias where we had been indoctrinated by “ንሕናን ዕላማናን” without having read it. A populist manifesto which tapped on our basic-ethno national instinct. And that instinct unfortunately still exists and as you have aptly put it, we can only free ourselves from the malice when we learn the truth—for instance, the true legacy of Sabbe not according PFDJ but according to those who either knew him well or historians who studied his life and times.

  • Paulos

    Selam Aya Saleh and Awatistas,

    The other day when I briefly commented on the religious roots of Democracy, Aya Saleh mentioned something of interest when he said, if we can draw the same rationale for Justice as well, And hence this brief commentary on Justice.

    Before I go into the kernel of the argument however, I like to touch on Cinema instead.

    Inter “The Godfather!”

    Most of you must have watched the classic movie at least once where the first part to the very least has defined the mob world when Mario Puzo, the writer of the novel had a deeper idea instead. That is to say that, the original script if not the novel had a profound meaning particularly on Justice not so much about Don Corleone [Marlon Brandon] and his mafia fiefdom that has endured for three generations.

    Consider this particular scene of the first part where Don Corleone marries his daughter and as the tradition had it, people would come to him to extend their congratulations and some would come to ask him a favour–a favour which has a lot to do with Justice or lack thereof. In that particular scene, here we have an Undertaker [which is his occupation] walks up to Don Corleone and asks if him a favour. He says, his only daughter who he says had a typical Italian upbringing in America–adherence to faith, strong family value among other Italian values—was violated by her American boyfriend and when the allegations were laid against him, the judge gave him a light sentence on an account that the boyfriend was the son of a powerful politician. He went on to say that, the justice system failed him and his daughter and he asks Don Corleone to give him Justice. The dialogue went on for good ten minutes where Don Corleone agreed to resort onto Retributive Justice. And what is even remarkable is that, Mario Puzo tells us that the name of the Undertaker was “Buona Sera Amerigo” meaning “Goodbye America” precisely because he had given up on the Justice System! The book again, was far from a stale narrative of a Mafia life. It is deep!

    Is a crude and raw “Retributive Justice” justified? Well, classical thinkers [Hugo Grotius, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Jean-Jaques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant among others] agreed upon a sticking and crucial idea but parted ways on its implementation and deliberation: “Social Contract.”

    Social Contract was meant not so much for a political covenant but to tame the violent and selfish nature of the human animal. But certainly, the said thinkers evolved their ideas on Social Contract when they read texts of the antiquity particularly the 4th Century Theologian St. Augustine’s treatise on “Original Sin” where he argued that Man can only escape from the animal instinct through redemption and salvation. But before that, Aristotle in an undertone of cynicism, supported the role of Aristocrats on the taming of the “Mob” as he put it where the latter dissolves into anarchy due to its basic nature and instinct.

    Thus St. Augustine’s redemption through the “City of God” was turned into a “Social Contract” where the religious realm was bridged into the political world. But again, when Thomas Hobbes and John Locke agreed upon “Social Contract”, for instance, the former however elected for the presiding of a powerful leader al’a Aristotle’s Aristocrat or a Monarch [Leviathan as he put it] and the latter elected for “Distributive Justice” through “Reciprocity” in one of the pillars of Democracy where the people are sovereign.

    If history is to attest to that effect, John Locke seems to have won the debate as the latter students of Hegel put it in “The End of History.” And of course, Moses’ “Eye for an eye” was reformed into “Give the other cheek” Theology by the four Evangelists in the New Testament and latter on by St. Paul.

    • Saleh Johar

      Hi Paulos,
      I just feel bad my director limits me to a maximum of 20 mnts on Negarit. Are you reading Ato producer? 🙂 I wish I could talk without considering the audience… but can’t do that otherwise it will be of interest to a fraction of the audience. I am glad your elaboration on the mafia movies and philosophy is an excellent elaboration of my summarized presentation. You are amazing.

      St. Augustine of “Hebo” is my favorite and I think of him more as an all time philosopher than a religious figure. But I am lost of which is more practical in our case: Hobbes or Locke?

      • Paulos

        Selam Ayay,

        Many thanks for those kind words. You and I have a lot in common except the fact that I don’t have your courage and energy.

        I agree with you about the intellectual stature of St. Augustine and also Origen of Alexandria [3rd Century] another brilliant Theologian who single handedly structured the Christian dogma or core doctrine. I learned more about them through Karen Armstrong’s major work particularly her book titled, “The Great Transformations: The Beginning Of Our Religious Traditions.”

        As for Hobbes or Locke, I say, I agree when they say, one has to go through Hobbes to get to Locke.

      • Haile S.

        Selamat Saleh, Psul & all

        Saleh,
        ማርያም ደዓሪት ናፊቕካ
        ሎምስ ዳርጋ ኮትሊኽካ 🙂
        የሱስ ማርያም ዮሴፍ ጥራይ ተሪፉካ
        ነዞም Lazarists ግዲ ቀደም ተኸቲልካ
        ሓቀይ’ዶ ቅኔ ተዛሪብካ?
        ኣባ ዲያቆቢስ በዓል ሔቦ ዲኻ ዝበልካ?
        በል እስኪ ፍልስፍንኦም ኣምጽእ ዘርዚርካ

        ዳግመ-ፍረሚናጦስ ክኾኑ ደድሕሪ ነጋውስ ዝበሉ ሃሰስ
        ንውቤ፡ ንንጉሠ፡ ንቴድሮስ ከኾትልኹ ክንደይ ሃበስ ቀደስ

        እንተበዝሐ ሃይማኖተኛ
        እንተወሓደ ነይሮም ፖለቲከኛ

        ዝገደፍዋ ሓድጎም ዓባይ ለበዋ ርስቲ
        ግእዝ-rite ንክቅዱሱ ካቶሊኽ ቀሳውስቲ

        በሉ ይኣኽለኩም ናተይ ጽድቂ
        ተዛሪቦም የዛርቡኻ
        መስቀል ኣርእዮም የባህርሩኻ
        ተገምጢሎም ኣረሜን ይብሉኻ!

        • Saleh Johar

          HaileS,
          aynebereni ayTefaani. Hji neger aydeln eyye. NaAy neslamaysi kotlikhka? Bel deHan mHireka ‘lekhu, nlomi 🙂

          You would rather think of the baptists who wanted the orthodox to be baptized again because they were not Christians enough. St Augustine daa abey arkibulom ilkayo meskinay . Uff, ezom kristian zblukhum adkimkumena nay Tnti aber zeytrsou 🙂 lazarist ke entay b’eesom eske? You are already a heathen, don’t add to it 🙂

          • Haile S.

            Saleh,
            You made me laugh to tears.
            ኣይትሰኣን!

        • Paulos

          ሰላም ሃይላት,

          ሃይላት ዝብሉኻ ‘ታዩ ብልሓትካ
          ነቲ ቅዱስ መጽሓፍ
          ትፈልጦ ገላቢጥካ
          ግን ህላዌ ኣልቦ’ዩ ትብለና
          ኣቦይ’ዝጊ ኣብ ሰማይ ኣሎ ተበልና

          Pascal እቲ ሊቅ ቀደም ከምዝበሎ
          ዘየምእማን ኔው በሎ
          ምእማን ግን ውሕስና ኣለዎ
          ልክዕ ከም ኢንሹራንስ
          ወርሒ ወርሒ ትኸፍሎ
          ምስሞትካ ካሕሳ ትኽፈሎ!

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ሓቅኻ ዶተረ
            ዝኣመነ ነይከሰረ

            ገነት ‘ተሎ ድቕድቕ
            ኣትየያ ‘ልካ ተፈንጪሕካ ክትስሕቕ
            ተዘይኮይኑ
            ጥዑም ኣይኮነን ክትሪኣ ኣማዕዲኻ ብርሑቕ
            ሃይላት ደሓር ኣይትሓይሽን ኣብቲ ጸልማት ዓሚቕ
            ቅጫ ኣይትጸበ ብዘይ ብሑቕ
            ፈተነኻ ሓቀይ ብዘይ ማይ ክትነድቕ?

            ኣስሒቕካኒ ጆሃር ኣኸስቲኑ
            በታ ናይ ኮተሊኽ ዕጣን ተዓጢኑ
            [ኖ ዎንደር] ኣብቲ ሓደ ገዛ ተሳኢኑ
            ነዛ ገነት ብኽልተ ማዕጾ ዶ ሓቀይ ክኣትዋ ፈቲኑ?

          • Haile S.

            Selam Paul,

            ወይለከ! ኣነ እኮ Karen Armstrong እንተንበብካስ ምሳይ ኣሎ እየ ዝብል ነይረ! በል ርእየልካ ኣለኹ!

            ሎምሲ ነዞም ኣብ ማይ ጃሕጃሕ ጥቓ ኣሜሪካን ላይብሬሪ ዘጋጥሙኒ ዝነበሩ ሓሊፍካዮም።

            እታ ንዘለዓለም ምንባር እንድየ ዘይፈተኽዋ። ዓለምሲ እንዳተናፋፈቕካ ንዘለኣለም እንተተፈላለኻ እያ እምበር፣ ጻዕዳ ተኸዲን፡ በረድ የለ እሳተጎመራ የለ፡ ተመን ኣይነክስ፡ ኣንበሳ ኣይሃድን፡ ነብሪ ኣይፍሕጥር፡ ኩሉ ፓቸ። ኣኻልብ ዉሕ ኣይብሉ፡ ብዋዕሮ ኣይብኣሱ። ሕማም የለ፡ ሓኪም ዋጋ የብሉ፡ ምብላዕ ምስታይ’ውን ዘድሊ ኣይመስለንን። እሞ ኸኣ ንዘለኣለም መወዳእታ ዘይብሉ። It is boring ….. በል ኣብዚ ይኣኽለኒ። ንዓ ድኣ ናብ ልብኻ ተመለስ ንዓይ ምሰል።

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ሃይላት:
            ዶተረ ስጋዕ ዝምልሰልካ መኾምስዒ ሸጠጥ ከብለልካ
            ሓደ ዓርክና: ብሽሮ ዝስከሐ ‘ዩ ኔሩ [ከም ዓለሙ]: ግን ብምንጽርጻር ንሱ ይሓልፈና ኔሩ [ብኹሉ ምስተቐደምኩ ‘የ ሓውኻ]።
            “ካብ ሽሮስ ጥሜት ይሓይሽ” ይብል ኔሩ። ደሓን ኣይትእቶ ጥሜት ሓደ ግዜ ናብ ገዝኡ ድቕድቕ ኣይትብልን።
            ሽዑ ሽሮ ከመይ ዝበለ ክብረት ረኺባ ንብለካ። ቆብ ኣቢልካኒ መስለኒ።

          • Paulos

            Selam Hailat,

            Karen Armstrong is an interesting person so much so that I have read pretty much all her books but later on ceased to follow through her other recent books for I found them frightening, in the sense that some of the stuff she says are rather intense and was worried she could shook up my faith—yea right, call me ዘራጢ or ከዋፊ al’a Asmarino lingua. Guilty as charged!

            I remember the Church right around American Library or ማይ-ጃሕጃሕ but never appealed to me for I grew up in an intense adherents to ተዋህዶ ኦርቶዶክስ household and I stay as such unless otherwise you mess up with my faith here at Awate 😂. I should stop hanging out with you ሃይላት for you are such a bad influence 😂.

  • mokie berhe

    Salam all. As the TPLF/TPLFites attack PMAA regarding the constitution and election, one should recall the classic video of Susan Rice laughing at Ethiopia’s TPLF regime’s 100% election win. Google: ‘Susan Rice laughed at Ethiopia’s regime 100% election win while Obama calling it democratic’.

  • mokie berhe

    Salam all. A new American novel depicts secret mass murder by TPLF. ‘Money, Blood and Conscience’ written by David Steinman, tells a story about a corrupt TPLF Government at war with its people.

    • Paulos

      Mokie,

      Freudian slip? So you say it is actually a novel?

      • mokie berhe

        Salam Paulos. Yes, it is a novel. David Steinman has been a consulting expert to the U.S. National Security Council and has drawn upon facts and twined them with fiction when writing his book which makes for an interesting read. Steinman has been a very vocal critic of the TPLF stating that ‘Ethnicity mixed with politics rarely works out well’. You can see him in an interview. Google: ‘ESAT insight : Abebe Gellaw with David Steinman’.

        • Simon Kaleab

          Selam Mokie,

          I think, using the corruption angle to criticise the TPLF system only will not be very fruitful.

          The culture of the people of the Horn in general, and Ethiopia in particular, is filled with hypocrisy and as far as corruption is concerned, rotten to the core.

          I have seen and lived through 4 corrupt regimes. Three in Ethiopia and one in Eritrea. Money and Power is everything.

          As far as Steinman, a foreigner, is concerned, he should examine his own society. The greatest corruption, Sodomy and Paedophillia is conducted in the West.

        • Selam Mokie Berhe,

          It seems that the Attorney General has said that the amount of money looted by tplf and its accomplices is more than 26 billion dollars, and the whereabouts of the money and the people (government officials) who are implicated in the theft are also known, The names could be disclosed in the near future when the information is available.
          The problem is that chasing illegal money is like walking through a labyrinth and the success rate is not always satisfactory, unless foreign governments are ready to help.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam horizon
            the other day i was listening to getachew reda interview and he remained me you guys. u know he is the boss of walta media and even though he is the boss and made the journalist who they r, he said one interesting thing about the personality of the journalist, when he asked about “walta news” journalist, he said as long as u pay them, they will even attack and insult thier own mother, they don’t have principles, 0 moral values, less than isemAn.
            did u say tplf stolen 26 billion DOLLARS? do u know what 26 billion dollar means ?

          • Paulos

            Tedros,

            It means a thousand times 26 million. These people are unbelievable. I guess the “M” letter in their keyboard is missing. That is the only rationale that can be given to their outrageous claim. I agree, most of the Weyane leaders were corrupted to the neck but billions? Give me a break! Again, millions of dollars? I agree.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam paulos
            What the attorney General has said was out of the 26 billion worth projects(many projects, such as gred, metic, sugar factories and so on) , corruption has been done. he didn’t said how much out of 26 billion and he didn’t said tplfist was the only one.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Dr Paulos,

            Sometimes when you see irrational argument with irrational figures, you could easily dismiss them as blackmailing intended for a political end. The “M” letter thing, you alluded to them is a learning moment for receptive people. The corruption in Ethiopia is a widespread phenomenon that does not exempt the current power holders like the dipty Prime minister Demeke Meconnen.

          • Paulos

            Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

            Not sure if you remember, the Customs guys back in Eritrea [they were known as ፊናንሳ] during the Dergue regime were the most corrupt where some of them lived a high life which was pretty conspicuous in the public eye and they didn’t have any qualms about it. Thing was however, the regime knowing full well about the corruption would give them a scant salary where they could hardly live by if it was their only income. That kind of case is known as institutionalized corruption.

            As a side note, there was this case that got international attention in Indonesia in the 90s where the government replaced all the customs at the airport with foreign nationals [Swiss] when the Indonesian nationals were corrupted to their neck. And it was one of the reasons, Indonesia couldn’t catch up with the Tiger nations when they nipped rent seeking way ahead in the bud. That is, when Transparency and Accountability are institutionalized in tandem with a strong State, it not only discourages rent seeking but it gives an incentive for the economy to jump in a trajectory.

            What is even strange is that, Liberalization without the said Institutions is a recipe for further corruption and that is exactly where Abiy is taking the nation to. Instead, he should have focused on strengthening Political Institutions in tandem with a Strong State.

          • Admassie

            Selam Paulos,

            This note of yours was the way that the PMAA should have followed instead of jumping to look like a hero of everything while he has not touched the main challenges the country is facing.

            “Liberalization without the said Institutions is a recipe for
            further corruption and that is exactly where Abiy is taking the
            nation to. Instead, he should have focused on strengthening
            Political Institutions in tandem with a Strong State.”

            Corruption did not start during the last 28 years. There was corruption in HS and MH era. Even there was anti corruption campaign during the dergue era. But, it did not prevent Mengistu HM from stealing. He has stolen about 4.5 million dollar in to his hidden Swiss account in August 1985 at the height of our famine, while 1 million people were dying.

            Corruption will not end tomorrow either. Even the most rich, strong and powerful country, the USA can not eliminate corruption. In his “Dismantling The Empire” book, Chalmers Johnson explains in detail how the so called “private contractors” take projects and stashing money corruptly in the name of “outsourcing” of tasks from institutions such as Pentagon, CIA, NSA etc where the “private contractors” were working previously for.

            What a strong leader can do is reduce the effect of corruption from affecting the life of the individual citizen, especially, the life of the poor, by building strong economy and institutions. But to do so, waging political war based on hate and exaggerated premises, changing political order which is derailing our stability and make us vulnerable to any sinister intrusion will not come to fruition.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dr Paulos,

            As the power of women became very essential in this era, could you write a short essay on this topic:

            “Unlocking the power of Eritrean women” with a philosophical touch to empower our women and calling for women’s leadership in our Eritrea,

          • Paulos

            Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

            Certainly a lot of stuff to unpack but will try hopefully this weekend, God willing that is.

          • Admassie

            Selam Amanuel Hidrat, Paulos,

            Please, listen to w.ro Genet Zewde’s interview with TMH (Tigray Media House) on Aigaforum. She is talking about many issues of the past 28 years of Ethiopia. How much lie it is piled, by how much people it is repeated and by how much media it is propagated, at the end, it is a matter of time, the truth shall always prevail.

          • Paulos

            Selam Admassie [Love your name!],

            Sure will do tonight or on the weekend. It is sad to see Amhara Kilil is left with sell-outs as in Gedu and Demeqe and of course the scammer of the century Tamagn Beyene.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam paulos
            gedu and demeke didn’t sell u out, they still working same job with different approachs and technics.
            genet zewide’s families r so obsessed with marx, angels, Lenin, communism, socialism talk, i mean they never sleep with out talking about angles. marx and so on . from her half brothers point of view u can tell what kind of personality “yodit gudit”, also known as genet zewide family have.
            by the way according to eye witness, on may 20.1983 ec.genet’ s brother (cazear assfa) was the one leading eprdf( tplf) rebels in 4 and 6 kilo area.
            Tamegn is so different, unlike demeke and gedu, he has moral values.

          • Paulos

            Tedros,

            Not sure what you’re trying to say. Really!

            Don’t see any relevance to the issue at hand if the family were addicted to whatever or if they were “swingers” for that matter.

            One can not fault her for being a Marxist for she was the product of her generation where Marxism was the “ism” of her formative years and others as well. As the adage has it however, “One doesn’t have the heart if one is not a Marxist at age twenty, and one doesn’t have the brains if one is not a capitalist at age forty.” She has moved on so have others of her generation when Enver Hoxha disappeared into oblivion.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam paulos
            She is not from addis, i don’t kmow when but she came to addiis after grown up in baty(kemese wallo oromo) where her real father is from, her half brothers r from addis and they r known for extremely khat addiction(chew khat starting after breakfast until they sleep, no alcohol) and for being marxias. am talking about 10 years ago, not at the time of eprp and they used to go and come to USA at the time of derg.
            at the time of election 1997ec, there was a big uprisings in addis, the hand bombs that killed 2 policemen were thrown from thier house. do the math.

          • Admassie

            Selam Paulos,

            Thank you.
            I have two things on Tamagn.
            The first: while I was on a visit to Gondar in 2017, I met a friend and we went to his family shop to say hello to his brothers. After some time while we were there, a person entered the shop and greeted all of us. A moment later my friend asked the person if he remembers me. He said “unfortunately not”. Till that moment I my self did not recognize him. But soon, it came his picture in to my memory from more than three decades ago. He was a poor teenager on the street while we were in junior high school. He still lives in Gondar and it seems that his life is not changed much. The brothers asked him how he is doing. He replied he is still in fear and soon he told me he was in hiding while Gondar was killing and expelling Tigreans (I did not know he was Tigrean then). He said his life was saved, because, while Tamagn was talking about Gondar on ESAT, by coincidence, he remembered and greeted him saying “እከሌ… ይህን ፕሮግራም የምታይ ከሆነ ከመቀመጫየ ብድግ ብዬ ሰላምታ አቀርባለሁ፡፡” The mob who saw the program got a soft heart for the guy because he was greeted by the mob leader!

            The second: I was watching the welcome fanfare to PMAA and his entourage in the US in August 2018. The moment I saw Tamagn laid down on the ground to kiss the PM’s foot, I covered my eyes not to see the shear naivety and I said ” Oh, Tamagn lost his pride for ever if he had one and from now on, he will not have the morale power to say anything negative about the PM!” As the saying goes “ወደሽ ከተደፋሽ ቢረግጡሽ አይክፋሽ”, now he has to shut up!

          • Teodros Alem

            selam admassie tigrai mechoye.
            I know u don’t know what pride means but to respect a respectable person or give ur life for the thing that u believe is a pride, 3A deserve it. regardless of his poltical views and the way i see him, tamegn disgustingly hate twisted heart , ungrateful, backstabbing people and love honest, truthful, proud people.
            it might take 100 years, nothing is.over, it didn’t even started fully.

  • mokie berhe

    Salam All. Congratulations to Ethiopia’s President, Sahle-Work Zewde, who is the only African women to make Forbes new list of the World Most Powerful Women. Also, congratulation to PMAA who has made gender a priority for Ethiopia’s Government; he has set example for other African countries to emulate.

  • Paulos

    Selam Moderator and Awatistas,

    I know it is against the rules to post video clips on weekdays but I am just super curious to know if anybody can identity the people sitting around Isaias Afwerki in this 1974 rare video on the 20 minutes and 20 seconds mark into the video. Much obliged.

    https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=y06Y61Rmfdc

    • Teodros Alem

      selam paulos
      i have no idea what they r saying and who was sitting around isaias in the video but the one who was cooking a food looks like young aman h. I can be wrong but he looks like aman h when he was young. but again if he was aman h, he would have been telling us a lot of times proudly that he was near pia . anyways even though history is history, it is a nice history video.

      • Paulos

        Tedros,

        I actually thought you were a nutcase j*rk. I didn’t know you could be funny. Thing is though, Professor A. Hidrat is too smart and sophisticated to could”‘ve been Isaias’ cook.

        • Teodros Alem

          selam paulos
          I wasn’t being funny, i am not nutcase j°rk. may be u think that way, just because u understand things by ur nutcase j*rk brian.
          anyways who made the video? It looks like it made out of several French documentary videos, no?

          • Paulos

            Tedros,

            Yeah it looks like it was made by some sort of French freelancer and of course it is very informative. I can get by but my French is not that great and hope Hailat can at least summarize it for the Forum.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam paulos
            Until hailat do, can u help us up? little idea.

          • Paulos

            Tedros,

            It is better to wait for the pro.

    • Saleh Johar

      The man sitting on his right (smoking) is Ramadan Mohammed Nur

      • Paulos

        Oh is he? Thanks Ayay. How about the other guy in a close-up and his face zoomed-in? And just curious, have you seen the video before?

        • Saleh Johar

          I fussed two others but I am not sure I suggest you wait for others to identify them for you

    • Haile S.

      Selam Paul,
      Interesting, that was the biggest wild dough I have ever seen. These guys deserve to be champions at cooking channel. Zooming out of Isayas, this video is made of several news and documentary events from the archives of the french national institute of audiovisual (INA) a kind of Getty images. Too long to try to attempt translating. Just enjoy the images. You can see HSI in massawa naval graduation ceremony with probably Iskender Desta etc etc. I am mesmerized by the impeccable french HSI speaks.

      • Paulos

        Selam Hailat,

        That’s funny. I agree with you. The dough looks yummy.

        I am actually not surprised by King Haileselassie’s impeccable command of the French language. First, he was tutored by a French priest since he was little in Harrar when his father [Ras Mokonen] who was also Menilik’s first cousin was an army dealer particularly with the French who had been stationed in present day Djibouti since the early 19 century. Moreover, until 1941 all the syllabus in all the schools in Ethiopia was in French and that was precisely the reason all the elites in the inteligencia community of the generation spoke French well including Lorenzo Taezaz, for instance.

      • Berhe Y

        Hi Paulo and all,

        I don’t know where to post it but I was watching highlights from today Eritrea / Kenya semi-final CECAFA match. Eritrea won 4 – 1 where Kenya was the favourite and defending champion. What a beautiful game and such beautiful goals they scored.

        On the weekend I was watching a match with Somalia where Eritrea tie and all it needed to advance in the group match and I think they had a much harder game (May mentally).

        But after this game, I think their chances of winning the championship looks much probable.

        These is the best Eritrea have ever done, getting to the finals since independence. The last team who ever made it close (to semi-final) was in1994, where they current couch was member of that team. It was downhill ever since and this time, they don’t have none of the diaspora Eritreans.

        I think today with this match and if they win the championship on Thursday, I think it will a moment as great as when Daniel got to stage in the tour. It will be the end of the defection and the beginning of Eritrea great football talent will be resurrected. In few years we will see many making it to the European teams (if not from these squad).

        We really have huge advantage, environmental, cultural, historical and physiological to be football powerhouse.

        It’s good news albeit the crazy, chaw chaw and helew melew of internet news (subscriber boosting) news media wannabe that we have been exposed last week.

        Berhe

        • Paulos

          Selam Berhino,

          I admire your sense of optimism. It sure is a heartwarming news and I hope they win the championship. I actually didn’t know the last time they got this far was in 1994.

          And I truly hope that the year 2020 will be the beginning of an era where Eritrea cries no more but shines for generations to come. God bless!

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Paulo,

            Oh well, Eritrea lost in the final. The score was 3-0 in favor of Uganda. Uganda was by far the strongest team in the tournament where it won all it’s games (including beating Eritrea 2-0) in the qualifying game. I saw the highlights, and I think Eritrea played well and missed few opportunities specially by Ali Suliman (our Messie). The midfielder Robel (our Ronaldo) was the tournament MVP.

            I think there are few clubs from Africa and scouts from Europe were interested in the players and hopefully they will get to have good opportunity to build on these.

            What I really liked about this team is, it seems they have found their style of fast, wonderful control and attacking soccer, which compensate for their small physique.

            Berhe

          • Paulos

            Selam Berhino,

            At least they got closer to championship and they have every reason to be proud of themselves and we should be proud of them as well. Their time will come. Who ever thought that your city [Raptors] would win a championship, for instance? Patience is a virtue and hope is the food of the impatient soul as they say. We are almost there in every sense of the word! God bless.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Paulo the philosopher,

            Yes in deed, anything is possible, specially for Eritreans if the PFDJ just leave the people alone. Most of the players in this team were members of the youth U20 team (8 of them) and they have a lot of time ahead of them to do something good.

            I think it united the people (the Eritreans fans were amazing) and brought hope and in this hard times were our people have been traumatized for the so long.

            Euro2020 will be fun to watch. Alexander Isaak will be playing with Sweden team who already qualified.

            Berhe

  • Abrehet Yosief

    Selam Awate Family,
    Sorry if this already has been shared. A call for national reconciliation by the catholic bishops in Eritrea. The audio part has summary in two parts. But I recommend to take time to read the whole long document.

    https://www.vaticannews.va/ti/church/news/2019-04/pastoral-letter-eritrean-bishops.html?fbclid=IwAR3oKWgSBLnfu6QN1H4ciTP0G7R6xjXQ81hBy-gIhLnJYvFCB-w2zAMQwZE

    • sara

      Dear Abrehet… the Vatican city is getting into our politics … next is for sure
      from Makkah Al Mukarama… inshaalah.

      • Abrehet Yosief

        Dear sara,
        Greetings to you. The authors are Eritrean, born and raised, born to typical Eritrean agro/pastoral poor families.

    • Paulos

      ሰላም ፍትውትን ክብርትን ሓፍተይ,

      Many thanks for sharing the link. It is bold, daring and a historic indictment against Isaias and his lackeys who mistake a historic call for reconciliation for meddling of the Vatican City into our politics as this Sara woman in this Forum sarcastically commented as if what we have is politics when in fact it is tyranny, brutality and out right cruelty by an evil spirit manifested in human flesh–Isaias Afwerki.

      I am not a religious person and my training is in the Life Sciences but I am absolutely convinced that Isaias is pure evil manifested in human flesh. There is no any other explanation to the two decades long unmitigated cruelty on the otherwise kind and God fearing people! Again, thank you Vatican City, thank you መንፈሳውያን መራሕትናን; ካህናትናን!

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      ሰላም ኣብረሄት,

      ሕልና ክትባራበር ከላን ክትቃለስ ምስትደልን: ትደንጉይ ወይ ትቀልጥፍ: ከምዚ ኢላ’ያ እትብገስ ንቃልሲ:-

      “እዚ ዅሉ ኣብ ቅድሚ ዓይንና እናተፈጸመ፣ ዅሉ’ቲ ቅድሚኡ ዝነበርናዮን ዝተሣቐናዮን እናሓሰብና፣ ስቕ ክንብል ብርግጽ ዘይከኣልን፣ እቲ ዝተዋህበና መዝነት ዘየፍቅዶን እዩ።” [ቃል መንፈሳውያን]

      This reminds me when my conscience
      “ሕልናይ” started to knock me, rather I should say started to call me “ንክብገስ” (hence my column tebeges) to react against the preparation of the war in 1998. When I say this, I am trying to alllude to, that there is always a turning point for every one to come a fight against any wrong doing.

  • Paulos

    Selam Aya Saleh and Awatistas,

    This is a sort of brief commentary on the enquiry Aya Saleh put forward the other day on the religious and cultural aspects of politics and perhaps on Democracy in particular.

    But first of, what is this ubiquitous idea called Democracy that is being thrown around including in unlikely acronyms as in PFDJ, for instance? What is it?

    Well, perhaps the relevant question we need to ask with in the scope of the enquiry at hand is, if Democracy is an Ethical Ideal [a moral or virtue] or a set of Political Institutions? I tend to think that it is more of the former than the latter for its inherent “nature” reflects ethical dimensions instead.

    To be more precise, experts tell us that Democracy has three main aspects: “Popular Sovereignty”, “Autonomy” and “Equality”. Less obvious but more relevant which undercut the said aspects are: “Deliberation”, “Pluralism” and “Reciprocity.” What is even more curious is that, the latter three give the idea of Democracy an ethical or religious underpinnings when it morphs into the political realm of the former three.

    For instance, the root word for “Deliberation” is a Latin word for to “consider”, that is, to consider other people’s ideas and beliefs. “Pluralism”, as the word indicates, of course, it means inclusiveness. The more potent one is “Reciprocity” where it cuts deep into the main teachings of all the main religions including Judaism, Christianity and Islam–In Mathew 7:12 of the New Testament, it says, “…So in everything, do to others what you would have them do to you, for this sums up the Law of Prophets…”, for instance. And of course, Hillel, a Babylonian born Rabbi living in Jerusalem around 10 A.D. famously said, “What is hateful to you, do not do to your fellow man; this is the whole law. The rest is commentary.”

    Moreover, the latter three, again “Reciprocity” in particular amends or resolves the inherent contradictions with in the three premises of the former three of Democracy particularly the contradiction between Autonomy and Equality. If one is autonomous and free to do what he or she wills, one has the freedom to be unequal to others as well. But it is the concept of Deliberation [considering others], Pluralism [Inclusiveness] and Reciprocity that save Democracy of its conundrum and inherent contradictions where their trace and prints are found in religious texts or teachings.

    P.S. I didn’t want to delve into the premises of the first three as in “Popular Sovereignty”, “Autonomy” and “Equality” for we have discussed them ad infinitum so to speak.

    • Saleh Johar

      Hi Paulos,
      Thank you for the comment and sorry for the belated reply.

      I agree with your view that DEMOCRACY should be considered a virtue more than ” a set of political institutions”, that’s why I do not dwell on democracy I am have a great deal of interest on the virtue of justice. I believe everything else follows where justice is established. But that should not be understood that a robust political institution is also important for a just society.

      You superbly explained how they morph into culture and religion, I have nothing to add to that. Thank you.

      I will reciprocate with a famous saying attributed to the Caliph Abubakar: “how [or since when, or why) did you enslave people when at birth, their mothers delivered them free!”

      Thank you

  • Haile S.

    ሰላም ካሕሳይን ሰብ ዓወተን፡

    ግጥመይ ንስኻ ንዘልዓልካዮ ሓሳብን መሃድስ-ምዕባለ ትማሊ ንዝገጠሞን ስለ ዝምልከት ኣብዚ ናትካ ዝሑፍ ከስፍሮ ወሲነ። ጽቡቕ ሓሳባት ኢኻ ኣቕሪብካ። እቶም ንዝሓለፈ 30 ዓመታት ዘይተሰቆሮም ክስቆሮም ተስፋ እገብር። ግና’ሲ ዋላ ሓንቲ ናብዚ ሓሳባትካ ዘዘንብል ምልክታ ኣየርእዩን እዮም ዘለዎ። ኣመራርሕኦም ኣነ እንተሞይተ ዋላ መሬት ሳዕሪ ኣይብቆላ እዩ ዝብል ዘሎ። ከምቲ ዝበልካዮ መድሃኒቱ፡ ኤርትራውያን ምትሕቑቛፍን ምትሕስሳብን ኣብ ልብና ዘሕደርናዮ ንቕድሚት ዘየሰጉም ቂምታ ምቕባርን ጥራይ እዩ።

    መሃንድሻ –
    ኣራእስ መሊኡ ከም ዓለምና
    ሓናጉል ተጠቕጢቑ ውሽጢ ርእስና
    እቲ ጸገም ዘይምስምማዕ ነንሕድሕድና
    ሓቃ እኮ ትኸውን እዛ ሓውተይ ዘይምባልና
    ሓውና ዝበሎ ኣብ ግምት ዘይምእታውና
    ቀልጢፉ የሕርቐና ዝበሎ ወዲ ሃገርና
    ርእሱ ንሃርም ብቅጽበት ንድሕሪት ካይበልና
    ግና እወ ሓቁ ነቐድም ዝበሎ ጎረቤትና
    ዋላ ዝመትር ይኹን ንዓና ንገዛእ ሓውና

    ሓውትና ሓውና ደቂ-ሃገርና ኣደናጊርናዮ ምስ ጎረቤትና
    “ኣዲኣ ገዲፋ ሓትንኣ ትናፍቕ” ኮይኑ ነገር ናህና
    ጀሚርካ ካብ ተጋድሎና ካብ ተጋደልትና
    ካብ መራሕትና ካብ መራሒና

    ሳሕል ኬድና እንታይ ኣምጻእና
    ነጻነት ንመሬት፡ ጽልኢ ነንሕድሕድና
    ባእሲ፡ ዘይምስምማዕ፡ ኣብ መንጎና
    ተሰኪምና ቂምታ ኣብ ውሽጢ ከብድና
    ንትኩስ ባሩድ፡ ኣብዘዘለናዮ ጋሪድና
    ኢድ ጎረቤት ንውስኸላ እንክጥዕመና
    ብዘይ ንሕስያ ጥራይ ንሻቡ ጠሰስ ተብለና

    ኣርሒቕካ ምርኣይ ረሲዕናዮ ዓዊርና
    ዘንጊዕናዮ ኣብ ኢድ ቀ.ኃ.ሥ. ከመይ ከምዝኣተና
    ሕጂ ከኣ ተጸሚድና ኣብ ኢድ ጎረባብቲ 20 ዓመትና

    ስግንጢ ኮይኑ ኣሰራርሓና
    ዝፈላልየና ንደሊ ኣብ መንጎና
    ከበሳ ቆላ ደጋ ኣውራጃ እንዳ ጠረርና
    እቲ ዘሕዝን ስግር ሩባ ድንጋጸ ርክብ ምቕዳምና

    መድሃኒቱ ቀሊል እዩ ከቢድ እዩ ከም ኣሰጓጉማና
    ቀሊል ይኸውን እንተተመርኲዝና ኣብ ነንሕድሕድና
    ከቢድ ይኸውን ኣብ ጎረቤት እንተኾይኑ ሓውና ዘሊልና

    • Kokhob Selam

      Yes Hailat,

      We should work harder than before..

      KS,,

    • Paulos

      Selam Hailat,

      ኣዲኣ ገዲፋ ሓትናኣ ትናፍቕ how true! Isaias instead of fixing his own sh*t, trying to fix someone else’s merde. Messed up dude.

    • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

      Selamat Hailat/KaHsay:
      I must admit that I have not read KaHsay’s fine article, till now. ትህኪት ምሳኻ ዓብያ ይብሉ ኔሮም ስድራይ። ኣንቢበያ ኔረ ተዝኸውን ዝኹሉ ሃተውተው ኣይምበልኩን ኔረ።

      በል ካብ ጀመርኩስ ከኹድ ድ ዶ ከትፍቅዱለይ?
      ሓደ ሓደ ግዜስ ኢሳያስ ዘመደይ ከይከውን ይጠራጠር ኔረ። ስድራ ምሓታት ጀመርኩሞ ርክብ ከምዘይብልና ምስ ነገሩኒ፥ ደስ ኣይበለንን። ስለምንታይ ‘ሲ ሽዑ ከም ዝበዝሕ ህዝበይ የድንቖ ስለዝነበርኩ። ኣታ ‘ዞም 03 ክንደይ ሰብ ኣሽኺዖማ ይመስለካ?

      ዘመደይ ከይከውን መበልየይ ብዙሕ ዘሰማምዕ ኣለና። ክልቴና ሰለስተ ነገራት ኣለዋ ዘይንፈትወን
      1. Civil Engineers: ንኽልቴና ይብርተዓና ኔረን። ብኸም ኡ ኢና ድማ ነደቕቲ ንብሎም። መሃንዲስ ምዃኖም ኣይነኣምነሎምን።
      2. ጠበቓታትን ፈረድትን: ካብ መሰረቱ ቲ ሕጊ ዝበሃል ስጋዕ ሕጂ ኣይዋሓተልናን። ብከምኡ ‘ዩ ድማ ንዓይ ኣብ ዓዲ ሕጊ ምንባር በርቲዑኒ ዘሎ።
      3. ሃፋትም: መቸም ንዘይፈልጥ ሰብ ቅንኢ ኢሉ ክጽውዖ ይኽእል’ዩ። ግን ኣይኮነን። ሃፋትም ክንብል ከሎና: መጀመርታ እቲ ቃል ካበይ ከምዚ መጸ ክንርዳእ ይግበኣና። ዳርጋ 500 ዓመታት ቅድሚ ልደተ ክርስቶስ…….ሕማም ኢሳያስ ዶ ሒዙኒ ክህውትት ጀሚረ? ኢለኩም ምሽ መዓት ምስስል ‘ዩ ዘለና።

      ራበዐይቲ ድማ ረሲዐ ኔረ: ምሁራትን ጀጋኑን ምቁንጻብ ናትና ‘ያ። ፍስሃ-ወ-ደስታ ‘ዩ ዝፈጥረልና። ን ኣብነት:
      4.1: ሕርሻ ዘጽንዑ: ምሁራት ሓረስቶት
      4.2: መካኒካል ዘጽንዑ: ጠበብቲ
      4.3: ቁጠባ ዘጽንዑ: ስነ-ጥማዐ
      4.4 ታሪኽ ዘጽንዑ: ወረኛታት
      ብዙሓት ኣለው ግን ከይነውሓኩም…

      ሓንቲ ዓባይ ነገር ድማ ላ ብዙሕ ኤርትራው ዘይስተውዓለላ [ንኻልእ ሰብ ከይትነግሩ፥ ዘኢትነገር ‘ዩ]

      ን ኤርትራ ናብ ስዑድያ ክንቅይራ። ማለተይ’ሲ ከነባድማ: ምድረበዳ ክንገብራ። ሰብ ከምዘይነብረላ።
      ከመይ ዶ ኢልኩም? ከመይ ዝብል ለባም።
      ኤለትሪክ ‘ዶ ሸቐቕ ተብላ: እንዳ ፍሩስታለ ተድስክሎም: ሽዑ ኩላ ሰብ ናብ ፋሓማ!
      ወል: ደሓር ደኣ ኤረትራ ባዲማ። ባቃ!

      • Paulos

        Caro Geometra,

        You should see me laughing. Man, you are in to something and a real gem in the Awate land. Creative! God bless bro!

        • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

          Thank you, Dottere!

      • Haile S.

        መሃንድሻ፡

        ይዝከረካ ዶ ቆልዓ ኰንካ
        ረፋዕ ኢልካ ኣብ ጭቃ
        ክትሓዋውስ ማይ ምስ ጨፈቃ
        ብቭቭቭቭቭ እንዳበልካ ብከናፍርካ

        ኣነ በዛ ነብሰይ ጽቡቕ ይዝከረኒ
        ክሓዋውስ ማይ ጭቃ ሑጻ እምኒ
        ማየይ እውን ይውስኸሎ ነይረ ይኸውን መን ርእዩኒ

        ከምኣ እያ ዘላ ኣብ ኤርትራ
        ቀትሪ መዓልቲ ለይቲ ጨፈቃዊ Opera
        ኩሉ ተሓዋዊሱና፡ ከም ደርሆ ንጽሕፍ ብጽሕተራ
        Engbiochemoleculopaleoastroarchro-zoroertra

        ወዮ ድኣ ኣየንብብ እየ እምበር ኢልካ
        ሓዳስ-ኤርትራ/E-Profile ካይትግንጽል ምሒልካ
        ክልቲኤን professional journal እንሆ ኮይነናልካ
        ሳይንሳዊ መጽናዕቲ ዘይተገብሮ ይጽሕፋልካ
        ካይጠቐሳ ምሁር ኮነ ሓላፊ ነገር ዝፈልጠልካ
        ሎምቅነ ብዛዕባ አርትራዊ Mummy ኣሎ ኣስፊረናልካ

        ጽሑፋተን ጋዜጠኛ ድዩ ጽሒፍዎ?
        ዝቐሰመ ሰብ ሥነ-ፍልጠት ዘለዎ?
        ኣንፊ ኣይትረኽበሉን ዝተወከስዎ
        ሚኒስተር ዜና ኤርትራ ፈላጥ-ኩሉ ክገብርዎ

        እዚ ምንእኣስ እዩ ንፈላጣት፡ ንሰብ መዚ
        Professional ዘጥፍእ ሓደገኛ መርዚ
        ፍልጠት ካይተጠቐምካ ነገር ምሕራድ ከም ጉዚ

        ኣይኮነን professional ስለዘየለዉ ስለዝተሳእኑ
        Eritrea Profile speciality journal ኮይኑ
        እንታይ ድኣ? ኣብ ሃገር ምንባር ቅሳነት ተሳኢኑ
        ሰብ ፈላጥ ዝብሃል ንህግደፍ ዝተገዝኣ ተኣሚኑ
        ዝነብር ሰብኣዊ ትዕዝብቱ ቀቢሩ ከዚኑ
        ኣለና ዝህድድ ዘይምንባሩ ኣጋኒኑ

        • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

          መርሓባ ሃይላት:
          ክጉሂ: ተስፋ ክቖርጽ: ተደልየ ጥራይ ‘የ ሓዳስ ኤርትራ ዘንብባ።
          ሕጂ እዋን-ፌስታት ስለዝኾነ ድሕሪ ሾውዓተ ጥሪ ሕተተኒ።

          እቲ ዜና ከምዚ ‘ኳ ‘ዩ ዝመስል:
          ኣብ ሓጋዝ ሓለዋ ጥዕና ከማዕብሉ ኣስተምህሮ ተጌርሎም።
          ኣብ ንኡስ ዞባ ሰንዓፈ ታሪኻዊ ቦታታት ንምዕቃብ ጻዕሪ ተጌሩ።
          ኣብ ከባቢ ዓረዛ ናይ እንስሳታት ክትባት ክግበረሎም ኣኼባ ተኻይዱ።
          ኣብ ንኡስ ዞባ ጊንዳዕ ኣናህብ ክፍርዩ ይዝትዩ።
          ኣብ ማርያ ጸላም ብርቱዕ ዝናብ ብምህራሙ ክለተ ይእዱግን ውሑዳት ጤለ-በጊዕን ውሕጅ ወሲዱዎም።

          መማቕርቲ ድማ [መታን ዝመጽእ ሕታም ከተንብበሎም]:
          ኣምብሬዛ ዓዲ ሃሎ እስራን ሸሞንተን ካሴታ ኣረቂ ጠሊቡ።
          ኣብ ዋሺንግትን ዲሲ እኩባት ፓፓጋሎና ብብጸይቲ ሶፍያ ተስፋማርያምን መሰልታን መምርሕን ምጉብዕባዕ ዝመለኦ መጠንቀቕታን ተዋሂብዎም።