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Interview With Eritrea’s “Freedom Friday” Organizers

The Eritrean Youth for Change (EYC) and Eritrean Youth Solidarity for Change (EYSC) are calling on Eriteans in Eritrea to “empty the streets” of Asmara this Friday.  This campaign, which was initiated on November 11, 2011 (11/11/11), was subsequently named Arbi Harnet (Freedom Friday) asks Eritreans in the Diaspora to call Eritreans in Asmara to vacate the streets for one day, Friday, every week. 

To get a better understanding of the objective of this campaign, awate.com contacted Daniel Gebremichael, one of the organizers of the campaign.  The Q & A follows:

awate.com: what was the inspiration for Arbi Harnet;

Daniel Gebremichael (DG): The Initiative started a few months back under the name “Empty the Street’’ Campaign. In a broader sense, the inspiration came from the Arab Spring Protests. But it was clear to us that the situation in Eritrea is significantly different from those countries, because our youth simply have no opportunity to meet in great numbers in order to discuss, plan or start protests on the streets. So we needed a strategy that fits the situation on the ground in Eritrea and our people’s current state of mind. We needed the strategy to enable our people to exercise their rights to protest, visibly and send a powerful statement to counter the widely held perceptions of them being passive. We also needed the channel of communication between diaspora activist and the people back home to begin to open up a bit. So you can say it was inspired by the Arab Spring but as heavily influenced by the political culture in Eritrea

awate.com:  How long has it been going?

DG:  The Empty Streets Campaign was officially launched by the Eritrean Youth for Change (EYC) and the Eritrean Youth Solidarity for Change (EYSC) on 11/11/2011. Hundreds of phone calls were made by volunteers to Asmara and other cities in the country, to inform them about the campaign. But the planning and effort, although carried out with great motivation and enthusiasm, was somewhat sketchy. We soon realised that if we wanted the campaign to materialise into a formidable protest, we had to be much more organised and strategic about it. For one, we needed a name that was catchy, to the point, and that could be easily remembered by the people inside Eritrea. We posted a call for ideas among our 10,000 + EYSC followers, on Facebook, and at the end decided that Arbi Harnet – Juma’t A’Tahrir –  Freedom Friday – would be the new name. Again, inspired by the events of the Arab Spring, but also because Friday was seen as the best day to stay at home: it would have a visible impact, as many people go out on Friday evenings, but would still not interfere too much with people’s lives and plans. Although promotion for the campaign has continued without interruption since November, the proper re-launch of Arbi Harnet started just this month, on Friday, February 3rd, when tens of volunteers made hundreds of phone calls, msn messages and emails as well as youtube clips and other media communications encouraging people to be a part of the call for democratic changes in Eritrea.

awate.com: What is the objective of Arbi Harnet?

DG:This is a very important question, that needs to be communicated clearly to all. To desert the streets and cities is not our goal, it is an interim objective, a phase one if you wish. Let me explain this in more detail: As I have mentioned before, we needed a feasible strategy, in which we could boost the morale and demonstrate the unity of the people in a form of coordinated and visible protest. These are crucial elements for any kind of protest on the streets. First people need to feel united, strengthened, empowered. Then people need to open up and utilise channels of communication and enhance their ability to plan and enact coordinated events.  This is exactly the objective of Arbi Harnet at this point in time.

At the same time, we will set a statement, that enough is enough and that the tides are changing. But it is important for me to stress from the outset, that Arbi Harnet is a well and carefully explored strategy. We have no illusions about the fact that there will be no revolution if people simply stay at home. But this creats a sense of solidarity across those who ae seeking change in Eritrea. The kind of unity entailed in Arbi Harnet, is in our eyes the missing link, the missing pre-text for a revolution on the streets.

Arbi Harnet is, therefore, the building blocks of our long term objective; communication channels, capacity building, solidarity and empowerment is what we are injecting into our activism through these evenings of protest.

We have set up a Global Coordination Group of 15 people covering strategy, mobilisation, and promotion. We further have a group of Arbi Harnet volunteers of over 50 people, on standby to take up tasks allotted via Facebook, and this number is growing by the day. Many people who follow us on the EYSC Facebook Pages, also phone and email their contacts and inform them about Arbi Harnet. So many people have committed their time and money to actively assist this campaign. And we receive a number of great ideas, many of which we are exploring and preparing behind the scenes, so we can stay ahead of PFDJ.

awate.com: What has been the feedback so far?

DG:   Overall, the feedback has been great. Given the fact that people’s daily lives inside Eritrea are terrorised by fear, we have received very supporting and motivating words from many of our fellow country men and women to whom we spoke over the phone to promote the campaign. Some said we should not give up, others told us they would pray for us. But of course many people live in great fear. So the majority have simply listened to us patiently – message delivered.

Interestingly what we haven’t had much of, is an outright rejection of our ideas, like the comments you get from diaspora supporters of the regime.

awate.com: do you have plans to extend the campaign beyond Asmara?

Absolutely, we will cover the entire country and all sectors of Eritrea’s society. We cannot reveal much at this point about our strategy in this regard, but preparations are in full swing and will be announced when the time is ripe.

What I can say, though, is that, according to 2010 statistics there are approximately 54,000 land lines and 185,000 mobile lines in the country. We have set a target of calling 5% of them, over the next 60 days, this would be around 12,000 phone calls, and we have put in the necessary infrastructure in terms of technology and human resources to meet that target.

We are also using other forms of communication and we closely monitor their effectiveness, some are still at the experimental stages we are all growing and learning and in time our campaign will be sharper and more effective.

I would like to use this opportunity, if I may, to thank all those who have been working relentlessly to make this campaign possible. Close to a hundred people are now fully engaged, many have never even met each other, but all work so seamlessly one picking up from where the other left off  and our geographical spread means that the Arbi Harnet coordination hub works twenty four hours a day and seven days a week.

EYC, whose facebook page has over 1,000 “friends”, can be reached at:
https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1810204998

EYSC, a facebook group with over 10,000 members, can be reached at:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/eritreanyouth/

Video Clip: Video of Freedom Friday

About Awate Team

The Awate Team is a group of individuals who collaborate in preparing editorial contents that mainly appear under the PENCIL signature and other columns that carry the Awate Team signature. It represents the collective team's view.

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About 7700 miles away from his birthplace in Keren, Eritrea, Dr. Berhan Ahmed is now …

  • My view about the new media like Awate com.and the future of Eritrea and Eritrean dssocurie can be presented in the following terms: new media provides tremendous opportunities for communication, but it is not a substitute for the human agency of the Actions. What people need to communicate, how to communicate, and to be persuasive. To other people, not to the people who already agree with them. So the challenge is, to expand our constituency, and to be persuasive through the new media. And ultimately, to be able to act on the ground, and to be able to defend our position in real-time and space.”Eritreans are demanding freedom, democracy, liberation from oppression.it is our people that nurtured our dictatorships decade after decade.The purpose of create fear is, obviously, to inspire fear in a populace in order to impose an agenda. From a deeper psychological and metaphysical perspective, Maybe the quest for justice can in fact cross all physical and psychological boundaries men, women, Christian, Muslim, people of different cultural and political backgrounds showed themselves as unified in their belief in justice and human rights. Civil society is not a group of NGOs to be strategically funded and manipulated by Western governments, but encompasses powerful, self-assured and truly representative communities from all Eritrean ; people can be united beyond religion and ideology, and collectively cross Eritrea ,to put their beliefs into action. to mobilize all possible instruments, including the media, to ensure they are all well infromed,“protest against the destruction of our people’ The regime relations with the population proves that they have no respect, others have for them is a result of the power they possess. This respect cannot be begged when when are divided, weak. Many Eritrean writers always argued that Eritreans cannot gain international respect unless they achieve it nationally and unless we respect each other. Had the Eritrean put real pressure for thier a cause put pressure human rights, the world would have had to listen and concur. But as long as some of us stand against their own interest. it is no wonder that results are disappointing on any critical issue. The regime will try to weaken the oppositions, they targeted the unity of its leadership and people by co-opting some, either because they are ignorant of or complicit with regime interestsIt seems inexplicable that so many of the Eritrean people can be so dazed and confused, while moral degenerates ransack your nationWe refuse to believe what we are seeing and we dismiss it as too preposterous to be Real. We no longer wholly trust our own senses or follow our most innate instincts, failing to recognize that they are all that is true; all that allow us to survive the wretched madness that pursues us like rabid dogs, and relentlessly nips at our fleeing heels.Increasing numbers of us move through this world with a sense of impending doom but we do not fully comprehend its origins or the breadth of the disaster it portends. We sense not only that something is wrong something is terribly, irreconcilably, sickeningly, wrong. We do our utmost to repress those feelings, telling ourselves that our worst fears, our darkest nightmares, are irrational, unfounded phantoms of the imagination; so many ghosts lurking under our beds.We have been programmed to believe that we are the greatest nation to ever emerge from the mists of history, that everything about us as a people is exceptional and exemplary. Despite a history of endless provocation and war and countless other forms of self mutilation, we claim that we are a peace loving people god’s own children, animated by divine stirrings.But perhaps our state of confusion, our disorientation, and our shock at what the government is doing in our name all of which seems to be occurring at the blinding speed of light and our refusal to believe that which is so blatantly obvious to all but those who wear mental blindfolds, or the criminally insane, is a form of psychological shock and awe that has been deliberately imposed upon us not only by depraved politicians vying for wealth and power, but by our every societal institution.Not recognizing that you are alone and have only one another. It has always been so; but rather than uniting against your tormentors We fight amongst yourselves. Unite and Rise Up

  • Wedi Aker

    I have read a comment before “Dictatorship before you assume power”.

  • Berhane M. Solomn

    Sorry that you are getting tired of hearing the good news. I was merely trying to answer your question. You don’t deny the facts that I mentioned are developments. In fact they are the bases for any socio- economical changes. There can’t be any sustainable social, economical or political changes with out solid infrastructure. First things first. Let’s admire what is positive and criticize weakness. I for one am happy with the changes I see when I visit home. I see things in relative terms. I criticize when it is due. I am cognizant of the fact that at the moment to equate Eritrea with the western countries is idealistic

    Lets not use the fate of our heroes, who are suffering in the deserts of Africa and else where, who fought for their country, to score cheap political gain. They deserve better.

    As for the freedom you are talking about, I can talk about my personal experience only. At home I feel very safe. I go with my business with no interference. I drive all over Eritrea freely. The only road levy I paid is on the Solomona Asmara Massawa road.
    The heroes I mentioned above left their country not for search of freedom but for search of wealth. I don’t blame them. Who wouldn’t? They assume there is better opportunity abroad and they take the chance. The only solution for the migration of youngsters is to build the economy of the country. And we all have a role to play. If we think that staying away from the streets of Asmara, which I think will never happen, will bring any change, then we don’t have a clue as to how the people at home think

    • Answer

      Tinfer aytinfer tel eya elka baqa? No sense in trying to reason with you brother.

      • Zhaile

        Reasoning is for people with faculty for reasoning. znefir yele: zeinefer yele.

    • Zhaile

      Berhan (actually xxxxxx),

      I lived 10 years in Eritrea without leaving anywhere for even one day!!!. Eritrea is developing in a negative, distructive way. You are so xxxxxx you cannot even see what is in front of you. Words are not enough to convince you. I am only amazed at your level of xxxxxxxx.

      Moderator’s note: Zhaile, please avoid using unneccessary words, just debate the issue without attacking the debator

      • Berhane M. Solomn

        My thanks to the moderator. Calling names is not helpful. We are discusing the fate of our nation. I presented you with concrete facts that I witnessed personaly. On the other hand, you did not present any fact to support your arguement. If you lived in Eritrea for ten years, please specify the time you were there and tell me the negative development you are talking about. Is it in econmy, culture, education ,health or any otheyrpart of devolopment. I can give you statistics from international organizations to suport my stand . That is if you are genuinly open minded and you really want to help the eritrean people. If your mind is mind up and northing will chnge it,then there is no point in our discussion. I am ready to listen to facts and believe me if I am convinced I will take action to find the remedy. let’s be objective, realistic and pragmatic. If you don’t have facts lets not waste our time responding to one another. It was an eye openning discussion.

  • Thank you all fro great insight and thoughtful contribution

  • Berhane M. Solomn

    I wonder if you guys are real. Dreaming is God given right. Be my guest dream as much as you can. The reality is Eritrea is devoloping at tremendous speed.The people in Eritrea are the architects of this development under the guidance of their government. Get real and take a bold step to go to our home land and witness the positive changes. Call it Arbi Harnet or Irbet EYC/EYSC. It will never take off, for simlple reason, that an architect will not atempt to destroy his successfuly acomplished art work.

    • Kokhob Selam

      Not only change but change from the root is infront of you so instead of underestmating the people,prepair to be part of the people and Simerrrrrrr.

      • Berhane M. Solomn

        Change is good And Iam talking about change when I talk about development. Iam admiring the eritrean people not underminig them. You are the one undermining them by telling them to stay out of their street as if they have no brain to think. Erireans are inteligent enough and they know when to build and when to fight. At the momoent they are happy to build and they don’t need some body from the west to Tell them what to do.

    • Answer

      What development are you speaking of Berhane hawna? Please enlighten us dreamers. It is easy to criticize those that want change. It is even easier to keep telling yourself “everything is fine and peachy” isn’t that right?.

      • Berhane M. Solomn

        Thank you for being polite. When I talk about developments I am talking about the developments on the ground. I visit Eritrea at least once in two years. Evey time I visi Eritrea I see positive changes. Like a new school, a new hospital, vast moderrn agricultural fields, a new dam, new factories like the Cement factory in Massawa and most of all I see the standard of living of eritreans, especially those in villages improving. I see villages with electicity, potable water and health facility. The Eritrea I see now is entrely different from the Eritrea I saw 19 years ago. I know a lot more should be done. I also know that Rome was not built in a day. An Eritrean should first and formost ask himself what is my contribution in the history of our stagle upto now before critisizing those trying to do their best. Positive contribution is what Eritrea needs.

        • Answer

          Ahh Berhane, If I had gooten a naqfa for evey time I have heard that explanation, I would probably have enough money to pay for my young relative’s ransom in Egypt. What good is having new factory if you are not there to work in it? What is the use of having a brand new built asphalt on the street if you can’t walk/drive freely on it and you are asked for ‘menqesaqesi’ every block along the way?.
          Have no doubt, more than all the material things you mentioned, people want basic freedom. Yes freedom to speak, move, vote, learn, pray…so let us stop painting a false picture. I for one am tired of hearing it.

          • Ahmed Saleh

            Berhane
            You do not live in Eritrea and you can’t feel the frustration and hardship they sustain in daily life. We have families back home and we know what is up. Visiting Eritrea with your fat wallet can experience tourist life, not less my friend. Be truthful to yourself no need on lecturing to propagate Eritrea is in better position than before. You sound you care less to our social justice but more to materialist tendency. People are fleeing the country on enormous numbers which tells everything.

          • Berhane M. Solomn

            Brother Ahmed Saleh.
            Neither do you. I also have relatives in Eritrea more so I visit them once in two years. I see the change personally not on the phone. I don’t say there is no hardship in Ertrea. But sure this year is better than last year. On one thing you are right. I have materitist tendency rather than social justice. Don’t get me wrong social justice is important. But what good is it for an eritrean who is starving. What good is it for an eritrean with no access to health, to education,to electricity, to clean water and so on and so forth. may be for you in the west social justice is more important than material well being ,because you have the materil well being. For the Eritreans at home Social justice is secondary.

  • THANK YOU The Eritrean Youth for Change (EYC) and Eritrean Youth Solidarity for Change (EYSC)

  • rastaman

    The Arbi Harnet -Empty Streets- may be a slow peaceful movement, but will ultimately produce dignity, justice and freedom, not merely for the people of Eritrea, but for the region as a whole; it is contagious. Emptying the streets on Fridays could slowly move to both weekend days and ultimately lead to sit-ins, say in churches at the beginning and then other public parks. It could spread to the entire nation by the Summer. Don’t underestimate the abused.

  • H.Fereg

    Staying at home is kind of passive resistance. MGhandi used it. It is agood start. Hopefully it develops to full fledge active resistance from within.

  • Well done EYC, a positive step that hopefully will usher the wind of change seen elsewhere to Eritrea.
    My one cent worth of comment is as follows;
    The purpose of this initiative is build confidence on our demoralised people or to just break the shackles of fear that is making us Eritrean timid. This is bound to be worked on in stages and to be successful and lasting EYC need to properly assess the main three diving components. I believe there are:
    1. Communication,
    2. The Protest
    3. Publicity.

    The above three need to intensify with time and should feed on each other in synchrony so there become cyclical as they intensify.

    Communication
    I have noticed that in Eritrea the most effective communication tool is yahoo messenger. Yahoo also gives the sense of security compared to email or phone communication. Another mean of passing the message is existing chat rooms in popular sites like EastAfro where many visit to check the latest comedy or TV programs. There is potential that if the movement gains popularity, the government will take steps to curtail the already weak connection.
    But then having a visible reaction is also a show that opposition is getting due consideration by DIA, thus a sign of effectiveness of the action taken

    Should the government react, it will important that the TV or radio programmes that the opposition air are used to keep the communication going. As this progresses, documentaries may be made for international consumption…..this will open up a different level to disseminate information to Eritrea.

    The Protest
    The suggested protest has the advantage of giving the space to plan and recruit Diaspora activist, but staying at home does not help the person in action to know if the suggested action has been effective. When EYC is ready to switch gear on the protect I suggest a Protest by Attendance. Instead of staying home, congregating in a place is more effective to build the confidence required and this can be under the guise of a certain routine activity. Let me through few “routine activities”
    a. Prayer – Typically Muslims would be called to congregate in the Jame Mosque on a Friday, instead of using a local mosque an this will bring a turout more than the usual sending signal to the protesters that their comrade in action are the reason for the swell. Similarly, DaMariam and Catedrale would be used specifically on Sunday sending the same message to the congregation.
    b. Market – A specific place of market may be declared as the place and this has the advantage of inviting all participant at the same place rather than point a. Overcrowding a busy market is sure to cause traffic congestion and get help with the publicity.
    The above idea is based on what a Saudi academic (I can’t recall his name) living in London broadcast his chat channel and communicates with Saudis living in the Kingdom and organizes such protest by congregation.

    Publicity
    The publicity is what will fuel further protests and this should be done using all the medium available at your disposal. The use of landline and mobile requires a bit of caution as you don’t want to discourage potential participant from early stages. I admit I have no clue on the capacity of the government to monitor, but they do listen in to conversation, so EYC should not take a step that requires covert response from the government to nib this attempt in the bud. If the government is to react, that reaction has to be visible so they think twice before acting and if they do you have something to gain.

    To conclude, your action coupled with that of the rest of opposition when is taken as being complimentary and we all have focus, on removing the dictator, the dawn of change will be sooner than we anticipate.

    Keep up the good work!

    • My view about the new media like Awate com.and the future of Eritrea and Eritrean discourse can be presented in the following terms: new media provides tremendous opportunities for communication, but it is not a substitute for the human agency of the Actions. What people need to communicate, how to communicate, and to be persuasive. To other people, not to the people who already agree with them. So the challenge is, to expand our constituency, and to be persuasive through the new media. And ultimately, to be able to act on the ground, and to be able to defend our position in real-time and space.”
      Eritreans are demanding freedom, democracy, liberation from oppression.it is our people that nurtured our dictatorships decade after decade.
      The purpose of create fear is, obviously, to inspire fear in a populace in order to impose an agenda. From a deeper psychological and metaphysical perspective, Maybe the quest for justice can in fact cross all physical and psychological boundaries
      men, women, Christian, Muslim, people of different cultural and political backgrounds showed themselves as unified in their belief in justice and human rights.
      Civil society is not a group of NGOs to be strategically funded and manipulated by Western governments, but encompasses powerful, self-assured and truly representative communities from all Eritrean ; people can be united beyond religion and ideology, and collectively cross Eritrea ,to put their beliefs into action.

      to mobilize all possible instruments, including the media, to ensure they are all well infromed,“protest against the destruction of our people’ The regime relations with the population proves that they have no respect, others have for them is a result of the power they possess. This respect cannot be begged when when are divided, weak. Many Eritrean writers always argued that Eritreans cannot gain international respect unless they achieve it nationally and unless we respect each other. Had the Eritrean put real pressure for thier a cause put pressure human rights, the world would have had to listen and concur. But as long as some of us stand against their own interest. it is no wonder that results are disappointing on any critical issue. The regime will try to weaken the oppositions, they targeted the unity of its leadership and people by co-opting some, either because they are ignorant of or complicit with regime interests
      It seems inexplicable that so many of the Eritrean people can be so dazed and confused, while moral degenerates ransack your nation
      We refuse to believe what we are seeing and we dismiss it as too preposterous to be Real. We no longer wholly trust our own senses or follow our most innate instincts, failing to recognize that they are all that is true; all that allow us to survive the wretched madness that pursues us like rabid dogs, and relentlessly nips at our fleeing heels.
      Increasing numbers of us move through this world with a sense of impending doom but we do not fully comprehend its origins or the breadth of the disaster it portends. We sense not only that something is wrong–something is terribly, irreconcilably, sickeningly, wrong. We do our utmost to repress those feelings, telling ourselves that our worst fears, our darkest nightmares, are irrational, unfounded phantoms of the imagination; so many ghosts lurking under our beds.
      We have been programmed to believe that we are the greatest nation to ever emerge from the mists of history, that everything about us as a people is exceptional and exemplary. Despite a history of endless provocation and war and countless other forms of self mutilation, we claim that we are a peace loving people–god’s own children, animated by divine stirrings.
      But perhaps our state of confusion, our disorientation, and our shock at what the government is doing in our name–all of which seems to be occurring at the blinding speed of light–and our refusal to believe that which is so blatantly obvious to all but those who wear mental blindfolds, or the criminally insane, is a form of psychological shock and awe that has been deliberately imposed upon us not only by depraved politicians vying for wealth and power, but by our every societal institution.
      Not recognizing that you are alone and have only one another. It has always been so; but rather than uniting against your tormentors–We fight amongst yourselves. Unite and Rise Up

  • AbusedReader

    Call this project “Arbi tSHay Shaebia KeteErbi”

  • Ansebetay

    It is about time Eritreans inside Eritrea are mobilized to end this tyranical regime.

  • haqui

    As You dont know the people of Eritrea, the people dont know u. It is better to know the history of this great people. The more u provoke, the more u make the people more united and strong, and lose the credibility.

  • sol

    I found this strategy tangible and pragmatic as Eritreans inside can not publicly protest or their voice .I do agree with Daniel , Friday freedom could not bring immediate effect on the regime but will have a tremendous impact on unifying the population inside for more action. It would also break the fear and also motivate the youth to design a strategy to disseminate protest through flyers, informal meetings and also bring together others into the struggle.
    The other thing it will affect business such as bars, coffee shop and other recreational facilities as a result these will affect the image of the regime and income from these businesses.But the movement should be persistent and should motivate as we need prolonged impact instead of short term propaganda .

  • b’Alti W’qatto Arwe (As in a girl with a dragon tattoo).

    “May you live in an interesting time” a Chinese adage has it. This sure is a historic moment to live in. This sure is a historic moment to live through. This sure is a milestone to stand tall upon. This sure is a rite of passage where the youth takes over where the old-lion left of. This is the day where Eritrea reaches out to her own children. This is the dawn of a new day and the end of tyranny. Eritra hagerey, the heavens are opening wide for you for the Sun is rushing to shine over you and the stars are lining up to lead you to the green pastures and fountain of freedom, liberty, prosperity and serenity. No more fear. No more hopelessness. No more misery. No more agony. All the power to you my brethren. All the power to you my brethren. All the power to you my brethren.

    • Ahmed Saleh

      Well said sister, God bless.

    • Kokhob Selam

      Amen, Amen,Amen thank you sister,
      EYC- we are all with you. Thanks God, we are edging toward knowldge of truth and the strength is going higher increasing the peace and democracy lover population. what makes it even garanted is that the young is awaken and playing the leading role.

      • Ahmed Saleh

        It is time to stand-up for our right and fight against the evil doers. Win over fear, held up the torch of our elder brothers bravery and dedication again. The whole scenario of this nonsense unbearable situation our people sustain on daily life should end sooner than latter. The problem is when people closed the door on you and when you observe what they think is good is only what they are told by the regime is good. Unfortunately the reaction could be that you are forced to advocate by your own. It is sad, we live on a world that people can be hostile to one onother’s life, so we can’t pretend, we can’t hide but only to be honest and face the truth.

    • Yemane Johar

      b’Alti w’qato Arwe…, Thank you for your encouraging words and support! Much love and respect to you ma’ dear sister!

      • Answer

        Indeed b’Alti W’qatto, thank you for those encouraging words. It is important the youth take over,with fresh energy. As long as the youth understand iand respect “old lion” that have been fighting this brutal regime since day 1. I am proud of the youth that are making noise inside and outside Eritea. Just never forget to be humble and appreciative of the older lions. Only then can you come and ask for advise from experience.