Monday , November 11 2019
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The Tears of Isaias the Sadist

Every year since 1991 Isaias Afwerki conducts diatribes and sheds false tears to commemorate our martyr’s day. And sadly enough, some websites advertise this fiasco.

One real proof of respect for those who passed away is not what you say about them or their deeds but what you do with their will and to the living. If you disrespect the living, you disrespected the dead. If you imprison the living, you imprisoned the dead. If you torture the living, you tortured the dead. If you deny justice to the living, you denied justice to the dead. If you lie to the living, you lied to the dead. If you punish the living you punished the dead. If you starve the living you starved the dead. If you mislead the living you misled the dead. If you intimidate the living you intimidated the dead. If you enslave the living you enslaved the dead. If you bullied the living, you bullied the dead; if you kill the disabled you twice killed the dead; if you smirk on the living you belittled the dead. If you enrich only few of the living, you starved the dead. If you divided and rule the living you blasphemed the dead. If you confiscated the lawful property ownership of the living you dispossessed the dead. If you suppress free press, you muzzled the dead. If you quarrel with the neighbors, you disappointed the dead. If you forcefully separated the children from their parents you angered the dead. There are no two ways to this. Either you are with the martyrs or you are against them. A well cannot supply soft and hard water. It is either soft or hard water.

Another real test of love to the dead is what you do with their will. If you dismiss their will you dismissed their value. If you ridicule their will you ridiculed the dead. If you trample their will, you trampled the dead. If you ignore their will you ignored the dead. If you manipulated their will you manipulated the dead. If you alter their will you cheated the dead. If you forget their will you forgot the dead. There are no two ways to this. Either you are with the martyrs or you are against them.

Isaias’  track record is as clear as crystal: he disrespects the living; he imprisons the living; he tortures the living; he denies justice to the living; he lies to the living; he starves the living; he misleads the living; he intimidates the living; he enslaves the living. He bullies the living; he killed the disabled war veterans; he smirks on his people; he enriches the few; he starves the living; he divides and rules; he confiscates people’s property; he suppressed free press and forcefully separates children from their parents. By this measure alone he is clearly, unambiguously anti-martyrs.

Isaias’ track record is also as clear as morning stream water. He dismissed our martyr’s will; he ridiculed their will; he trampled their will; he ignored their will; he manipulated their will; he altered their will and he forgot their will. By this measure alone he is undeniably, unequivocally anti martyrs.

Isaias does not have moral and spiritual authority to mention let alone to represent and speak about the martyrs. He is a sadist authoritarian individual who have nothing in common with our heroes; nothing in common with the war veterans; nothing in common with the Eritrean people and to say the truth nothing in common with his family. He is a sick person with behaviorally proven anti heroes, anti martyrs, anti people, anti friends and anti family tendencies.

Nowadays people only know of Isaias based on what he did to his “closest” compatriots. I say closest because a sadist does not have true friends or team mates. If he “has” he will hoodwink and use them. But that’s all. A sadist sees other human beings as tools to be used and discarded. Even during the revolution how many became “close” only to be consumed later and how many were far only to be drawn closer latter.

Not many people keenly observed what he did in 1991 that clearly showed his sadistic behavior. When Eritrea and Asmara as such was liberated, instead of arriving to Asmara by LAND, the land in whose bosom were the Martyred, The heroes, The Everlasting Flowers of our pride he chose to fly in Sudan Airways to come to Asmara, a clear indication of his disdain to the martyred and the blessed land. Yes it is symbolic but what an honorable Symbol would have been to walk (even to drive)!! But not to Isaias, the sadist.

Another event was his first speech after independence at the former Queen Sheba Stadium when he condemned half of the Eritrean population and Martyrs by saying they belonged to a “Wrong principle thus will be welcomed only if they repented”. A true revelation that he reveled and declared himself to be a god . Idris Hamed Awate was  wrong! Saed Saleh was wrong! Weldedawit Temesgen was wrong! All the ELF’s tegadelti and Suruat were wrong. I was wrong.

Not only that, he also condemned those martyrs who belonged to EPLF, but opposed him. So Dr Iyob was not a martyr! So Alem Haile was not a martyr! So Iyob Tewelde was not a martyr! So The Menkaat were not  martyrs! So Solomon woldemariam was not a martyr! So The Yemanawyan were not  martyrs! So Rashaida was not a martyr! So Mengisteab was not a martyr! So Yohannes China was not a martyr! So Wedi Ukbe was not a martyr! So Habteselasie was not a martyr!

The writing is also on the wall. When the now imprisoned veterans die they will not be classified as martyrs. Drue will not be a martyr! Petros Solomon and his wife would not be  martyrs! Beraki would not be a martyr! Berhane would not be a martyr! Sherifo and his wife would not be  martyrs! Estifanos would not be a martyr! Bitweded would not be a martyr! Kekia would not be a martyr! The Patriarch would not be a martyr! All conscientious prisoners would not be martyrs!

To write and tabulate the proofs to the heinous crimes committed by this sadist Isaias would be an enormous task but it is suffice to mention the crimes he committed against many patriots when they were alive whose sole crime was to ASK, to KNOW, to POINT at MISTAKES, to SUGGEST improvements. Nothing less nothing more.

Unseen and Unheard before in our history and culture to kill innocent women (Dehab and Aberash in Menkae to mention two); to scald prisoners with boiling water (Wedi Libsu to mention one); to burry suspects alive ( to mention Municipio), to utilize torture techniques in all Halewa Sewratat that in comparison will make Abu Guraib and Guantanamo Bay prisons feel and look like Eden. And all these were from the direct and sole orders and participation of the sadist, Isaias.

To those who do not know the history, Isaias had the sole and absolute control of  FOUR areas of his organization. By absolute, I mean Absolute!! No Mesfin Hagoses, No Ibrahom affas, No Petros Solomuns, No Berhe Tsaadas, No Sebhat Efrems, No Solomon Weldemariams; No Haile Weldetensaies, No Wedi Fenkils, No Omaros, No Romadan HamedNurs, No Romodan Awliases, No Body Period! even had an Iota of say on these sectors of the organization: Finanace ( Genzeb – incoming and outgoing), Communication( Kifli Radio); Security (Halewa Sewra) and Supply ( Imdad).

No one was allowed even to ask innocent question whether Tera Tegadalai or any Halefti like “are we ok with Atswar?” “Do we have enough money to fight?” “ How much money do we have?”….

The rules were clearly written and read and re-read at every meetings (akebatat) to everyone that who ever asked such questions was to be sent to Halewa sewra and punished up to and including death. No exaggeration!!

So the organization was run by one sadist who was the sole and absolute lord of all its existence!

Take the Halewa Sewra for example. All the officers were hand picked by Isaias based on their sadistic behavior or coach ability to sadism. He will personally show them some techniques and also encouraged them to come up with new torture methodology ( in the southern front(Ala) a technique was invented: to make stand the accused three feet from a blank  6  feet wall for 4-6 hours daily during the hottest periods of the day 10 am – 4 am. The accused was not to move any part of his body even if he was swarmed by mosquitoes or flies and if he/she did, 40 lashes of stick rained on them).

Of course, the life span of these selected or coached sadistic torturers ( Halefti Halewa Sewra) was determined by the boss himself: when they start to show motamorphosic changes ( some are human) or if they know too much! ( Solomon Woldemariam? Haile Jebha?)

Some people will question where did Isaias got time to do this?

The truth is, Isaias never and Never participated in battle field (the only exception was at Geregir in 1972 and even then he was laughed at by tegadelti for his unmilitary bravado- “he was shooting while standing”. Of course, he never forgot the shame and one by one those who mocked him were eliminated ( Mussie from Menkae to mention one). He also Never ventured away from Sahel and Semhar ( a little part of it). He was like a Mystic who traveled alone in a restricted albeit safe area all by himself. Out of this came a legend: Isaias never took Atwaf…he is daring…he travels alone by himself…What people do not know is that the area was well protected and safe for him to conjure his sadistic dreams.

One day in 1975 a friend of mine a veteran but now martyred hero told me that Isaias always carried two containers ( Brashos) with him: one full with sugar and the other with honey. I knew that this hero will never lie because he was also an admirer of Isaias. But I took the matter into my heart and I wanted to prove it. It happened at the end of 1975 when I was selected to participate in the 2nd round of cadre training. With my own eyes I saw those two Brashos!!

I met and made acquaintances and friendship with many heroes like Berhe Tsada; Haile Weldemichael; Ibrahim Affa, Mesfin Hagos, Haile Drue , Solomon Weldemariam, Petros Solomon, Sherrifo, Dr. Iyob Ghebrelul, Mehari Sheka, and in Jebha with Saed Saleh, Woldedawit Temesgen, Melake Tekle and many others but I have never seen like a well Oiled ,Groomed and Dressed person like Isaias Afwerki was During those trying times when Tegadellti ( both Halefti and Tera) have to go without proper attire ( lice infected dress and no under ware were common)  and a haggard body with prematurely grayed hair and sunken chicks was the norm!!!!

Against all statistical odds Isaias after more than 35 years came out of the cruel and long revolution unscathed, with no bullet mark, un-grayed hair, and well built body. The first to notice these facts was a western journalist who interviewed Isaias in 1991, just days after Independence, and wrote that the distinguishing feature of Isaias were his hands: they look like a Pianist hands- well treated, well creamed and well oiled!

As for controlling Kifli Radio and hand-picking operators it enabled him to eavesdrop on every one of his subordinates and track their lives. He was also the sole creator and developer of the codes. This also enabled him to clearly spy on his victims.

Some might say “how did his comrades did not notice all these evil deeds?”  I will answer this indirectly.

Jeffrey Dahmer, in his hay day of killings, kidnapping; photographing and videotaping dismembered body parts and eating his victim’s bodies had masterly avoided the law enforcement officers. These experts were on numerous occasions informed of suspicious activities and the stench that emanated from his apartment and had actually confronted the sadist perpetrator red handed. But on many occasions he was let go loose because the law enforcement officers ( well trained and well intentioned) were blinded by Dahmer’s looks ( Blonde, Blue eyed), demeanor ( always smiling) and looks ( tall, skinny and well built).

The same can be said of our heroes. How did Haile Drue, the childhood friend of Isaias  not notice this sadist? How did  Woldedawit Temesgen who recruited Isaias not notice this sadist? How did  Seyoum who also recruited Isaias not notice this sadist? How did Woldeyesus Amar who knew Isaias not notice this sadist?  How did Abraham Tewelde not notice this sadist? How did the leadership of Sulusawi Hadnet  not notice this sadist? How did Abdella Idris not notice this sadist? How did anybody from the 5th division  not notice this sadist?  How did the General command of Adobha( Quiada Amma)  not notice this sadist? How did Saleh Sabbe not notice this sadist? How did  AtoWoldeab Woldemariam not notice this sadist? How did Iyob Tewelde not notice this sadist? How did Asmerom Ghebrezghiher  not notice this sadist? How did Gefila not notice this sadist? How did Isaias Filansa not notice this sadist?

How did Wedi Fenkil  not notice this sadist? How did Berhe Tsada not notice this sadist? How did Haile Weldenkiel not notice this sadist? How did Ibrahim affa not notice this sadist?How did Petros Solomon not notice this sadist? How did Saleh Totow  not notice this sadist? How did Mesffin Hagos not notice this sadist? How did Beraki  Gebreselasie  not notice this sadist?How did Sherrifo not notice this sadist? How did Petros Solomon  not notice this sadist? How did Solomon Woldemariam not notice this sadist? How did Berhane Ghebrezghiher not notice this sadist? How did Papayo not notice this sadist?  How is Wuchu not noticing this sadist? How is Sebhat Efreim not noticing this sadist? How is General China not noticing this sadist?  How is Totil not noticing this sadist? I can go on and on with this puzzling question and the answer is that sadists are unique evil creatures with enough intelligence and tricks to elude timely identification and capture o elimination. But by now thanks to time and nature Isaias is exposed and it is only a matter of time for him to face justice for his deeds.

We have some among us who still believe that Isaias is what Eritreans need. They say these for different reasons. Some say because they are benefiting from his cruelty. Some are deluded by his nature and they swear of his “equitability” confusing his indiscriminate behavior. Some think that he favors them because he is Hamasienai.

Some oppose him from erroneous beliefs. Some oppose him because they think he disfavors them( Akeleguzai, Seraie, Metahit especially Barka and Senhit).

All of these are wrong.

A Sadist is like a vulture. A Vulture will eat anything on its way be it cow, chicken, human body, lion’s corps etc. It does not discriminate the location of its pray be it in Barka, Senhit, Sahel, Semhar, Denkel, Akele, Seraie, Hamasien. And as such, Isaias doesn’t favor anybody from some other body be it a veteran, a warsay ykealo, a priest, a patriarch, a friend, a collaborator, a son, a wife, or a father. Period.

Those who think the present court jesters ( Generals, ministers, advisers) will remain his favorites until death are wrong. They only have to look back not long time ago. These yes men are sitting ducks for the sadist.

But I will admit that some will go with him all the way to hell like the Berias of Stalin and Goebles of Hitler. But who cares!

At conclusion this is what I want to say: every time Isaias talks about our heroes and martyrs, please do not hear or read what he say because you do not want the name and deeds of your martyrs be uttered by the mouth of the evil sadist Isaias Afwerki.

Isaias Afwerki does not belong to us. He belongs to the dark world which is alien to normal people but is inhabited by the Neros, Stalins, Pol Pots, Hitlers, Mengistus etc.

Lesson to learn:

I will leave you with a short story of my favorite writer Franz Kafka.

Here is the story in verbatim:

The Vulture

A Vulture was hacking at my feet. It had already torn my boots and stocking to shreds, now it was hacking at the feet themselves. Time and again it struck at them, then circled several times restlessly around me, then returned to continue its work. A gentleman passed by, looked on for a while, and then asked me why I suffered the vulture. “I’m helpless,” I said. “When it came it began to attack me, I of course tried to drive it away, even to strangle it, but these animals are very strong, it was about to spring at my face, but preferred to sacrifice my feet. Now they are almost torn to bits.” “Fancy letting yourself be tortured like this!” said the gentleman. “One shot and that’s the end of the vulture.” “Really?” I said. “And would you do that?” “With pleasure,” said the gentleman, “I’ve only got to go home and get my weapon. Could you wait another half-hour?” “I’m not sure about that,” said I, and stood for a moment rigid with pain. Then I said: “Do try it in case, please.” “Very well,” said the gentleman, “I’ll be as quick as I can.” During this conversation the vulture had been calmly listening, letting its eyes rove between me and the gentleman. Now I realized that it had understood everything; it took wing, leaned far back to gain impetus, and then, like a javelin thrower, thrust its beak through my mouth, deep into me. Falling back, I was relieved to feel him drowning irretrievably in my blood, which was filling every depth, flooding every shore.

About Aklilu Zere

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  • Selamat All,

    In the reintegration agreement soon to be signed, Ethiopians will concede to the Eritreans the following:
    The entire month of February will be dedicated to Eritrean History Month and the year will be reserved for Ethiopian History Months/year.
    Now that is a fair compromise that the Eritreans can live with. Every four years an extra 29th day will be dedicated to Wedi Tukul’s FeCHew.

    tSAtSE

    • Selamat All,

      One to one function is obvious. One day of history for every year Eritrea has been independent.

      tSAtSE

    • Blink

      Dear Tsatse
      Amusingly at this hour there are books shipped to Ethiopia and the content of these books tell all about Eritreans history of suffering at the hands of Ethiopian leaders . Abiy recieved one book about Eritreans harrowing story. The deal you are saying is worthy of many comments .

      At one moment Amanuel Hidrat said “ Yemeni Ghebreab was arrested in America and now the digital weyane army are simply going nuts all over YouTube and Facebook telling Eritreans they care about them and they respect Eritreans, the hypocrisy of these weyane digital army are trying ever corner to discredit Abiy and with that spoiling the peace .

  • Simon Kaleab

    Selam Hope,

    Eritreans should own up and admit collective mistakes, rather than avoid responsibility by hiding behind conspiracy theories that build Isaias into a superhuman creature.

    What is next? Consulting West African voodoo priests, Indian palm and tea-leaf readers and gypsy crystal ball gazers, to predict the fate of Isaias?

  • aklilu zere

    Thanks Brother Hope. An enlightening analysis.

  • Haile Zeru

    Hi all,

    Here is the nature of Issayas. Those who are infatuated with

    • kogne

      Hi ,Haile zeru & others ,I never heard some thing like AN ALMOST EYE WITNESS ,I thought the writer is an eye witness but he is almost an eye witness that’s funny, first of all the writer is stitching a lot stuff to smear PIA a serial killer .like Jeffrey damer of Sahel , killing his comrades at sahil streets at night like what serial killers do, and he mentioned many names that according the ALMOST AN EYE WITNESS movements like menkae and some individuals, first of all every decision made at EPLF its done with extensive meeting with higher ups like Sherifo, Haile ,Mesfun Hagos ,Petros Solomon etc.all this individuals have hand at those decisions made during struggle ,its a lie PIA single handedly was making all decisions ,every EPLF member can tell you, and the ALMOST AN EYEWITNESS without knowingly gave PIA a credit ,telling he don’t have MEJAMELA fevoratism he kill jail even his brother, hamasienay, seraye,akeleguzay, Christian , Muslim,etc thats why he leads an efficient organization (EPLF) and beat Ethiopian army and the organization he leads brought Eritrean liberation ,and after independence again beat Woyane aggression, But many things happen during struggle at both organizations, ELF we not going to forget (mi wut aykisesn yu) HA HU BEL FALULAY ,how many bright elf fighters massacred by the reason of fallul (yemin)etc but most ELF leaders buried with many blood in their hands like Melake tecle etc,,

      • Haile Zeru

        Hi Kogne,

        The tigrinya saying “Nlebam amtelu kindey keysiHito, N Asha derguHalu Abey keysiQoro” fits you perfectly. Abey KeysiQoroka.
        AZ derguiHulka, AytesQrekan gn

        First Eye witness Comment:

        1)”One day in 1975 a friend of mine a veteran but now martyred hero told me that Isaias always carried two containers ( Brashos) with him: one full with sugar and the other with honey. I knew that this hero will never lie because he was also an admirer of Isaias. But I took the matter into my heart and I wanted to prove it. It happened at the end of 1975 when I was selected to participate in the 2nd round of cadre training. With my own eyes I saw those two Brashos!!”

        Second eyewitness comment:

        2)”I met and made acquaintances and friendship with many heroes like Berhe Tsada; Haile Weldemichael; Ibrahim Affa, Mesfin Hagos, Haile Drue , Solomon Weldemariam, Petros Solomon, Sherrifo, Dr. Iyob Ghebrelul, Mehari Sheka, and in Jebha with Saed Saleh, Woldedawit Temesgen, Melake Tekle and many others but I have never seen like a well Oiled ,Groomed and Dressed person like Isaias Afwerki was During those trying times when Tegadellti ( both Halefti and Tera) have to go without proper attire ( lice infected dress and no under ware were common) and a haggard body with prematurely grayed hair and sunken chicks was the norm!!!!” etc…

        Almost eywitness:

        3) “The truth is, Isaias never and Never participated in battle field (the only exception was at Geregir in 1972 and even then he was laughed at by tegadelti for his unmilitary bravado- “he was shooting while standing”. Of course, he never forgot the shame and one by one those who mocked him were eliminated ( Mussie from Menkae to mention one)”.

        Is he eye witness in the death of Mussie? probably not, but if you see some of his other articles he shows enough evidence that DIA elimanated the Menkaa group.

        Of course I do not expect you to agree. You said enough to show me how dumb you are. If the experience, still in progress, of the past 50 years did not convince you how things are, please stay in your dream world. Do not wake up.

        • kogne

          Hi,ato Haile, don’t expect every one to agree with you, you are writing ¡HATEW KETEW, just mentioning names of veteran fighters doesn’t mean your opinion is credible it’s misleading, again Almost an eyewitness and eyewitness is completely different, and( Sebur Wde )don’t jump to insult if someone don’t agree with your idea, every one have a right to support to worship to join whatever he wants, take it easy,and that Tigrigna proverb you brought( nilebam amtelu ni a sha derguhalu)doesn’t have any relation with our debate, unless you call dumb every one doesn’t agree with your opinion, if I am dumb also i call you are dumber, that is bigotry, you don’t make sense, ezi wodhanka

          • Haile Zeru

            Hi Kogne

            Who is talking HATE KETEW?

            Kogne, you said:

            “first of all every decision made at EPLF its done with extensive meeting with higher ups like Sherifo, Haile ,Mesfun Hagos ,Petros Solomon etc.all this individuals have hand at those decisions made during struggle ,its a lie PIA single handedly was making all decisions ,every EPLF member can tell you…”

            Aklilu Zere an EPLF member is telling you:

            “To those who do not know the history, Isaias had the sole and absolute control of FOUR areas of his organization. By absolute, I mean Absolute!! No Mesfin Hagoses, No Ibrahom affas, No Petros Solomuns, No Berhe Tsaadas, No Sebhat Efrems, No Solomon Weldemariams; No Haile Weldetensaies, No Wedi Fenkils, No Omaros, No Romadan…..”

            Are you sure Kogne you are not the one talking HATEW KETW?

            How do you reconcile these diametrically opposite contradictions?

  • Paulos

    Selam My Good People,

    Not sure if this is conspiracy theory gone wild but Assenna is reporting that, as recently as last month, the Ethiopian Ambassador to Brussels spoke with EU officials for financial assistance and in line with that the Ambassador has explained it to the officials that Isaias and Abiy have agreed to bring Eritrea to Ethiopia’s fold as a province. According to the report, Assenna says, the information is as solid and credible as it gets.

    • Selamat Denmarkino Arkey Professor Paulos,

      Anything is possible. Knowing that a challenge from the Eritrean people soon coming the past several years could have been very frustrating for him. He may have been feeling cluster phobic with no way out until PMAA offered him the exit.

      Then coming into the fold of Ethiopia an autonomous Eritrea that can invoke article 39 should it not be happy may have been very attractive to him. But I do not believe he has made up his mind. There are lots of reasons that would not make him commit to it one hundred percent as of yet. Some and possibly a greater number of Eritreans may feel it is the best of worlds given the disappointments from the regime as well as the incoherent miserable lacking a national narrative Eritrean opposition.

      Its going to be a doozy 2019. Judging from the concert at Bahr Dar, the Ethiopians believed and spoke as if unity is a done deal. I feel a new opposition is about to emerge which will consist of betrayed PFDJistas and the majority of the opposition. Lots of folks who have been muddying up the waters with their extreme narratives killing the history of the armed struggle particularly that of the EPLF will be sidelined and ignored.

      Campaigns are being drawn up as we speak. Put on your seat belts and hold tight .
      tSAtSE

      • Paulos

        Selam Tsatse Arkey,

        Remember Hamiltonian? No not Alexander Hamilton, the guy who was the wiz of finances and banking including one of the Founding Fathers. Rather, William Hamilton, the Math wiz who gave us the the sum of all histories which gives us the best of all worlds or “actions.”

        This is a serious matter. As such, it cuts deep into the question of Legitimacy and Sovereignty. As much as the citizen, as in every Eritrean citizen is sovereign, it is only and only the citizen that has ultimate power to decide matters concerning the nation.

        For all practical purposes, every citizen can not get involved in matters concerning the interest of the nation, what the citizen does is, he or she elects representatives who follow through the crucial decisions on a day to day bases where the power vested on the Legislative is a parity with the Executive and Judiciary.

        Those are the bare minimum that gives a state a semblance of a normal state. First, we need to establish the said basics in Eritrea, then we can entertain the idea of “The best of all worlds.”

      • Blink

        Dear Tsatse
        This kind of news can be a very dangerous thing to play once Issias shifts to another gear leaving the inventors of fear project in the desert of their own . According to the deal the two countries signed there is no way such kind to be practical . Let’s hold everything down to the known issue and that’s demarcation plus change inside Eritrea .

        I would like to see these who think Eritrea is going to September 15.1952 and these who think this is impossible to happen.

        Let’s guess
        The people who think Issias is selling Eritrea back to Ethiopia are motivated by the notion that they may find space and importance in the current peace process. will you tsatse think this is for real ?

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Dr Paulos,

      “ሎሚ ኤርትራ ንምድሓን ዘይመከተ፡ ከምዘየሎን ከምዘይነበረን ኢዩ ዝቑጸር ዳርጋ ብደዉ መሽሚሹ ከምዝሞተ”. I am in. What about you?”

      Dr Gebre Gebremariam.

      I told him I am already in against the “predatory mole” planted by Ethiopia since 1967. Doctore, are you in? If you are, relay the question to concerned Eritreans.

      • Paulos

        Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

        I should be honest with you. I am in for the people to have a say! I will always honor the wish and desire of the Eritrean people which is reached through a democratic and transparency manner.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Dr Paulos,

          እዛ “ጃላ” ደአ ዘይፈትዋ:: You are the “influencing force” for the aspiration of our people, being from the intelligentsia class of Eritrea.You can’t be with the flow, whatever the direction of the flow is. You are from those who direct and redirect the flow.

          • Paulos

            Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

            I was trying to see the bigger picture instead but if my personal opinion matter, of course I agree ሎሚ ዘይመከተ ብዶው ከምዝሞተ.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Doctore,

            Of course, your opinion does matter. In any case, when we have different views on “who the despot is” and his history in the Eritrean revolution, what do we have that unite us? Aren’t we divided on who he is? I don’t see anything that unite us, if we have different view on who he is? It is fundamental to our struggle to have a common understanding on the nature of the man and his plan in order to fight and defeat him. So when I hear let us focus on what that unite us, while they have different view on the evil man from their fellow Eritreans, I don’t understand it. Do you have any idea on this inherently and implicitly contradictory remark?

          • Paulos

            Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

            My suspicion is not any different than yours. That is to say, I can’t put a number but a good part of the society seem to opt to hold on to him for fear of the unknown, as such, they could be in a denial mode including his full blown Tigrean blood line and if he was sent to sabotage the Eritrean revolution from the get go as well.

            More over, the gist of ንሕናን ዕላማናን might still resonate with some people. Again, this is just speculation and an opinion on my part and certainly not necessarily a matter of fact.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dr Paulos,

            To fight against “one of us” and to fight against “a predatory mole” planted in us from outside is completely different. The strategy and the tactics that could be employed to fight for the two is different. Hence we are divided.

    • Haile S.

      Selam Paul,

      Interesting! Ethiopia has now more power in peace for coercion on the Eritrean regime than it had during wartimes. Eritrea’s regime was weakened by yesterday Ethiopian leaders and self weakened to the extreme by its own treatment and debilitation of its people. The regime has never stopped from dismembering itself, now to the level that it cannot do anything without support. Unless it changes course and bring its people together like Abiy is doing in his own house, the Eritrean regime has no choice but to succumb to any demand. The best it can do is disguise its surrender through various forms. For the Eritrean people to come out of this hellish condition, its social, political, historical and what-have-you leaders, including the present have to get together and determine how to lead their country and how to handle relationships with their neighbor, Ethiopia. Anything that is done unilaterally, either by the regime or by those who want to annihilate it and put themselves on the throne, is temporary that does not bring lasting peace and tranquility.

      • Paulos

        Selam Hailat,

        I absolutely agree. Well said.

        The case to indict Isaias, if he has always been a mole is gaining momentum. And he is not doing anything about it, in fact he is adding more gas to the fire when he says, the people who say, Eritrea and Ethiopia are two separate nations is someone who doesn’t know history.

        More over, his personal life is shrouded in mystery where the Eritrean people have every reason to be on edge and suspect if he is in fact conspiring with the Ethiopians to reverse back Eritrean independence.

        • Haile S.

          Selam Paul,

          Personally, I don’t buy the ‘planted Mole’ thing. If at all he ended up being considered as a Mole, it is because of greed and abuse of power admixed with an exaggerated self-esteem of ‘we always can’ played in a rampant field of incompetency and self clemency that ended up in deception trying to mend things at the last hour in a makeshift cover-up saying after all we are the same people as if the fight for independence was because of an absolute difference in the shape of our skulls. The target for retaliatory action need to shift to bringing the Eritrean people together and stop from dividing them along the lines of demarcation of liberation front’s histories.

          • Paulos

            Selam Hailat,

            It can not possibly be a made up story, particularly what ተስፋሚካኤል ጆርጆ had said about the ቃኘው incident and there after.

            To the very least, the guy never had good intentions for Eritrea much less if he ever believed deep in his heart about independence.

            I agree with you though, when you said, we shouldn’t focus on the things that divide us but on those matter the most that bring us together instead.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Haile S.

            Personally, I don’t buy the ‘planted Mole’ thing.

            Have you heard former Pure president named Alberto Fujimori?

            Here is the question you need to ask your self and see if you can come up with your own reasonable answer.

            1) Do you believe that he was leading the independence to free Eriteans and Eritrea from Ethiopia?

            2) If the answer is yes, then why did he declare war on the Eritrean people?

            3) Do you see any indication that all this actions, even if we look at independence and on ward, really for the interest of the Eritrean people? If you say yes, can you please give some examples.

            4) On number 3, replace Eritrean people with Ethiopian people and see if you can come up with some examples.

            I personally think, he was a mole / spy and when things changed (the fall of HS and the death of Asrate Kassa) he went along with Eritrean people desire for freedom and tag along with having total control, like Akilu said “money, security, politics, propaganda”. He did not care and was never in the real fighting and sacrifice..that’s for others to do and die for and he takes the glory.

            Thanks Again,

            Berhe

          • Haile S.

            Selam Berhe,

            Very engaging questions. Give me some time to read again Tesfamichael Giorgios writings. I will try to answer them.

          • Berhe Y

            Selam Hailat,

            Please share the link of Tesfamichael Giorgios writing on the weekend. I saw something on FB a while ago but I didn’t read the whole thing and I didn’t know how to read it again.

            Berhe

          • Haile S.

            Hi Berhe,

            There are you-tube videos that can be linked on the weekend. The presenter of the videos says he has the original 19 page papers with him. I am not that guy 🙂 :-). And I don’t have his writings directly. But Prof. Aleme Eshete has re-written and commented on T-Giorgios writings. You can download the PDF document by searching with the Prof’s name or both names.

          • Berhe Y

            Thank you Hailat.

            I just googled and I found an article by By Resoum Kidane where he shows the scanned image of Isayas Afeworki access to Kagnew station. It’s very good article where goes to a lot of detail to link the dots.

            He also have a link to a document where the Derg had a symposium in Massawa and Tesfamichael Georgio had made a presentation linking IA to CIA.

            Thanks
            Berhe

          • Nitricc

            Hi Berhe; now I am convinced you have an IQ of a child. I have never thought you will disgrace yourself to that extent. Chill out and collect your welfare. The so-called spay has concluded the mission of impossible and home victories. Tsa-Tse was telling about the reception by the local people in Massawa but you are too dumb to get a clue. Do did you know how many assignations PIA escaped? Again another clue to wake you up from your dumbness.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Nitricc,

            You know sometimes, I wish I can meet you in person and deal with you the way we use to deal with people like you in asmarino style:).

            Berhe

          • Desbele

            Selam Berhe,

            I really feel the same. It would have compensated all the resources wasted on him.

          • Paulos

            Berhino,

            Dealing menu al’a Asmarinos:

            1. ቴስታ
            2. ካሶቲ
            3. ‘ዝጋምቤቲ

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Paulo,

            Now he needs someone translate this for him with demonstration:).

            Berhe

          • Haile S.

            Selam Berhe,
            My answer includes to Paulos where he brought the book of Mr Tesfamichael Giorgio (TG).
            Let me start by answering very briefly the 4 questions you asked me.

            1) Do you believe that he was leading the independence to free Eritreans and Eritrea from Ethiopia? 2) If the answer is yes, then why did he declare war on the Eritrean people?

            My answer: Yes I believe he fought to free Eritreans. His ‘declaration of war’ against the Eritrean people was for a greedy tyrannical reason to make sure he and only him is going to make that freedom realized. It was his trophy. He wanted to be the alpha & omega of that realization.

            3) Do you see any indication that all this actions, even if we look at independence and on ward, really for the interest of the Eritrean people?
            Yes, in the way he understood ‘interest’. As revealed after independence, neither him nor his entourage elevated themselves to leaders as expected by the citizens, to respect a genuine interest of the Eritrean people. They/he lost opportunities to consolidate the country, never lost loosing opportunities and each time went finding solution to them in a weird way till now where he is choosing and relying upon PMAA than on his people. IA & Co saw the interest of Eritreans in a weird way where each citizen was to experience the hardship themselves experienced in the field as if that experience was an elixir for life.

            3b) If you say yes, can you please give some examples.
            You are asking me if I agree with his definition of ‘interest’. No I don’t.

            4) On number 3, replace Eritrean people with Ethiopian people and see if you can come up with some examples.
            If IA is a headache for the Eritrean people, he is as well a headache for the Ethiopian people. What Ethiopia needs (I am not saying what Ethiopian leaders and some of its its elites want) is a strong Eritrean leadership who brings a genuine leadership to his people and be a genuine neighbor to the Ethiopian people.

            In summary, you almost asked me to be devil’s advocate. I am neither his advocate nor his remote acquaintance. I am just reflecting my understanding of the prevailing flying accusation and counter accusations, as a very ordinary Eritrean. I had said “I don’t buy the ‘planted Mole’ thing” I still maintain it.
            The ‘planted Mole”s accusation objectives as per my understanding of the ongoing discussions on this forum, at least since our exposure to a link of Mr Yemane’s interview in this forum, is that IA was implanted (by Ethiopia) to bring Eritrea back to Ethiopia (after a pleasant excursion of 30 years in the jungle). I am not sure of the purpose of such and similar accusations other than creating a befitting convenient narrative saying he is selling the country to Ethiopia and against his newly found love with PMAA. However, Mr TG’s book testimony’ does NOT say that. Mr TG was accusing IA in trying to eliminating ELF through his agreement with Kagnew contacts. Mr TG was a pro-Ethiopian administrator of an Eritrean district who volunteered to facilitate the contacts between IA and Kagnew. Mr TG worked for this rapprochement, because he had a vested interest and vision. How do we exonerate TG himself from his plan to neutralize ELF through PLF and both at the same time if he could? It sounds like the mountains in unison (Ethiopia, Cia, ELF, Mr TG) were shouting the mole underneath them is hiding a mole. It is almost becoming as the french saying goes “when one wants to get rid of his dog, he accuse it of getting rabid”. Personally, I dond find it as a good strategy to bring together the Eritrean people.
            It was not with generosity for Eritrea and for Eritreans that Prof Aleme Eshete found it pertinent to translate and comment Mr TG’s amharic text and lionize him. The repeated highlighting of the apparent moslem christian divide in Eritrea exposes his objectives. Sadly, the way these accusations are now surfacing and interpreted in order to reach IA, instead of adding to his already very tarnished image, are creating more wedge among Eritreans. It is better for Eritreans to think on how to come together instead of contributing to thing that erode their social glue.

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Haile S.

            Thank you for taking the time to respond in great detail.

            On TG, I am not implying that he was in support of Eritrean independence and by no means he is “lionized” for Eritrean people cause for freedom, on the contrary I think his role was clear and he was with the Ethiopian side. I actually think, either he was committed fully to the total union of Eritrea with Ethiopia or he was an opportunitist serving who ever is the master, HSI, then worked with Asrate Kassa by aligning with IA and EPLF to undermine HS and then confessing everything to ELF then giving himself back to Derg and worked to undermine EPLF an d Eritrean struggle. The Ethiopians can lionize him as he worked for their interests, contrary to the wishes of the Eritrean people as it turned out.

            But his document is used as evidence and as a witness to the events he was present or witnessed re: the subject that is IA. His loyalty to Eritrea is not the subject but what he knew and the information he shared and what he documented is the reason why he is highlighted in the story, which is the real subject as they have delivered a great consequences for the faith of the Eritrean people.

            In the absence of the subject (IA) speaking up, we have to relay on hard evidence (like the security access that he is granted at Kagnew Station, that the meeting did take place), perhpas classified documents at the CIA (probably have not being released as yes, since the subject is still in power and it may not aligned with US interests) or the declassified documents for meeting he was having with the Ethiopians / Derg with East Germany.

            And circumstantial evidence interviews, testimony from others (such as Mesfin Hagos, stating that IA told him to stay with Ethiopia) or Shaleqa Dawit book, indicating the meeting he had with IA and how he told them that they wanted to stay together. And hearsay that we can depend on if nothing else is available.

            Is the revelation helping our struggle or hurting? I think it’s helping our struggle and as someone have said, PMAA has been a blessing in disguise in exposing IA and his true colors.

            I beg to differ that IA has been a problem for Ethiopia. What ever problem he created for Ethiopia, it’s the Eritrean people who paid the price, has been always. He never ordered the bombed Ethiopian cities, the loss of civilians, retaliation, damage etc..Always he took the high road and never responded in kind for all the atrocities they committed, Massawa bombing as an example. For example for the Aider school bombing, I heard a rumor that the capitian was punished even thought he caused the destruction of the Ethiopian airforce. Note I am not supporting the death of civilians at the school, just bring it up as an example his actions are.
            The same can be said the treatment of Ethiopian POW, the treatment of Bitweded for advocating the use of goods captured in the port, his speeches (we don’t need the boarder), etc..and now we see what he has been doing….

            If it wasn’t for EPLF, I think his plans was to be the leader of the two countries and keep them united.

            Berhe

          • Haile S.

            Selam Berhe,

            I agree with many points you raised, particularly with IA being the major secateur of Eritrean wings.

    • Hameed Al-Arabi

      Ahlan Dr. Paulos?

      Do you hesitate, Dr. Paulos, that Isaias handed over Eritrea to Ethiopia? I think, an ordinary person who waits until declared officially and everything is done.

      Al-Arabi

      • Paulos

        Selam Hameed,

        I don’t think it is a matter of being ambivalent or hesitant but the fact that, we are dealing with circumstantial evidences, we are limited to speculate till we see in no uncertain terms if in fact that is the case.

        • Haile S.

          ኣንታ ጳውሎስ፡

          ኣብ ቅመማ-ህይወት ዲኻ
          ለካ’ንዶ ኣሚነ-ኣቺዶ ፈቲኻ
          በል ቀልጢፍካ ተመለስ ናብ ተመሃሮኻ
          ሎሚ ነዞም ኣብዚ ዘለና ምሳኻ
          ጽባሕ መን ይፈልጥ ነቶም >10 ዓመት ዘለዉ ኣብ በረኻ
          ግና ተጠንቀቕ ከይፍሕጥረካ እቲ ድቡስ ራኻ

          • Paulos

            ሰላም ሃይላት,

            ኬምስትሪ
            ናይ ሳይንስ ቦኽሪ

            ሓንሳብ ትመርኒ
            ሓንሳብ ትጥዕምኒ
            ሓንሳብ ትኸብድኒ
            ሓንሳብ ትቐልኒ

            “A” ምስሃብክኒ
            ይፈትወኪ
            “F” ምስሃብክኒ
            ዝረግመኪ

            ሓድሽ ሽም
            ኣዝዩ ዝጥዕም
            ለዊጥኪ ሰሚዔ
            ‘ቲ ቀነዲ ጥበብኪ
            ምስተቐልዐ

            ለካስ ብልሓትኪ
            ነዊሕ’ዩ ት’ሱርኪ
            ምስ ባዮሎጂ
            ተኣሳሲርኪ
            ሽዑዑ’ዩ ሽምኪ
            ዝቐየርኪ
            ባዮኬምስትሪ ዝ’ኾንኪ

            እንታ’ይ ግደይ ኣነ
            ክስዕበኪ መኒነ
            ብ’ሚስጢርኪ ተሃኒነ
            ክሳዕ’ዘለኹ ክፈልጠኪ ወሲነ።

          • Haile S.

            Morning Paul,

            Magnifique!

            ኣነ’ውን ንእሽተይ ኮይነ
            ብ biology ተሃኒነ
            ምስኣን ምሰ’ዝማዳን ወሲነ
            ዕላል ክቕጽለልካ’የ ምስደበነ
            ሕጂ ቁሩብ busy ኮይነ

          • Nitricc

            Hi Haile and P
            You guys are crazy. ” I became an atheist because, as a graduate student studying quantum physics, life seemed to be reducible to second-order differential equations. Mathematics, chemistry and physics had it all. And I didn’t see any need to go beyond.”

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selamat General,

            It looks like you are quoting someone but I could not find where Drs. Paulos and Hailat said that. Please clarify because I am tickled beyond reason!

          • Nitricc

            Your Fitness; I am sorry I got you irritated beyond reason : – ) You are right Haile and P didn’t say that but you should know Haile and P are in closet; I just spoke for them. No; Just kidding Your Fitness. You are right I used the quote to express’s my experience profoundly and it is only mine and represents no one. Again I am sorry I got you tickled. However; let me one thing make clear; I have no problem with god and I have every problem with religion. simply speaking religion= evil.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Nitricc,

            Now you are claiming to be Francis Collin, or someone really close to:).

            You are right I used the quote to express’s my experience profoundly and it is only mine and represents no one. Again I am sorry I got you tickled..

            I don’t know who he is but I googled him:).

            Berhe

          • Paulos

            Berhino,

            You Googled the quote? That is funny.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Dr Paulos,

            When chemistry combined with biology becomes biochemistry, when chemistry combined with physics becomes physical chemistry, then then there is no anything in life science that could be explained without chemistry.

          • Paulos

            Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

            I agree. That is precisely the reason they say that Chemistry is the mother of all the Sciences. I must admit, Physical-Chemistry is the toughest though. I have the utmost respect for people who do Physical-Chemistry.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Dr Paulos,

            Yes Physical-Chemistry is the toughest. I took one semester on it at Bahir Dar. From all the branches of chemistry classes I took as part of my educational program, I found Physical-Chrmistry to be the toughest. You need more tome to allocate for it.

          • Paulos

            Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

            As you know what makes it hard is the concept of “Statistical Mechanics.” I will try to comment on it particularly in relation to the “Imaginary Numbers” or “Complex Numbers” which connect in a rather interesting way Algebra with Cartesian geometry. God willing that is.

          • Hashela

            Paulos

            My experience is that students (at under and grad levels) who are weak in physics are also weak in physical chemistry.
            Those whose are strong (organic) chemistry are not necessarily strong in physics, physical chemistry and nuclear chemistry.

            So the mother of all natural sciences, which is physics, is the key.

            Interestingly, the German education system does not consider Maths as a science. They call it “Hilfswissenshaft” that can be translated as a “scientific tool”

          • Paulos

            Hashela,

            The Stars were the very first Alchemists for they were able to transmute one element to another through nuclear fusion where Hydrogen is converted to Helium, then to Carbon and Oxygen up to Iron where the rest of the known elements save the radio active ones through the explosion of the Star otherwise known as Supernova.

            What the stars have, we have them including iron where hemoglobin can not function with out. The body of knowledge that systematically examines the nature and dynamics of these awe inspiring elements is the mother of all Sciences—Chemistry!

          • Hashela

            Paulos

            cosmological nucelosynthesis (H, He Be, Be, B, Li)
            stellar nucelosynthesis ( He to Fe group)
            Statistical Nuclear equilibrimm
            Fast and slow neutron captures (all the heavy elements)

            Those are the four main mechanims/processes that gave us the isotopes.

            The chemical elemtents and their isotopes are the proudct of a complexe physical processes. So physics is the driver and the chemistry is the product. If you are a consumer, you will be happy with the products. If you want to go beyond consumption, you will have to embrace nuclear phyiscs.

          • Paulos

            Hashela,

            A chicken is an egg’s way of making another egg. The same argument goes with the “Selfish Gene” as in if we are just machines designed by a selfish gene in a bid to spread or propagate itself through generations.

            The argument becomes circular. I say, Chemistry and you say, Physics and Linus Pauling comes along and blurs the distinction when he gave us Quantum Chemistry.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hashela,

            I agree with the way German educators categorized math as “scientific tool.” I also heard from my physical chemistry professor calling maths as “the servant of all subjects.”

          • Hashela

            Hi Amanuel
            “the servant of all subjects” this a more precise and purpose-oriented description.

            Thanks

          • Mez

            Dear Hashela,

            Translation is often tricky.

            “Hilfswissenschat” could mean mor as “a science which is there to help “every other sciences””; could be translated more of “supportive (or supporting!) science”–to the rest of the sciences.

            This is in a sense to underline its vitality, not otherwise.

            “Scientific tool” can’t reflect efficiently the essence of “Hilfswissenschaft”. Remember the tone of this new combined word is on the “Wissenschaft” not on “Hilfs”.

            This definition may include statistics too.
            There is also another nick name (known as language of sciences) for mathematics (statistics included).

            In regards to the three natural science disciplines, an outstanding scholar said: to better master them he would need 20 years in studying physics, another 20 years in studying chemistry, and another 30 years in studying biology. Then he said he will be a real natural scientist–with a deep understanding of natural processes.

            Thanks

          • Hashela

            Hi Mez

            Let’s further dissect the word “Wissenschaft”. It is composed of “Wissen” (knowledge) and “Schaffen” (creating or generating). Wissenschaft means literally the generation/creation of knowledge. I respectfully disagree: the emphasis is on the “Hilfs” (helping, support). So something that gives support to generat knowledge. This is not minimize the role of maths..

            Best

          • Mez

            Dear Hashela,

            Interesting perspectives, but still I stay with my proposition.

            I will have to check with subject area experts–lingustic people opinion.

            Thanks

          • Mez

            Hi Paulos,

            You say “…Physical-Chemistry is the toughest though….”.

            Is that because of the laws of conservations, the thermodynamics equilibrums, and the (laplace) partial differential equations? Or the imaginary number integrals?

            I would think all sciences are equally relevant for human society–be it natural or social. Hard to support with data, that one subject is harder than the other; it is mostly a question of a student’s interest, the way you get first time exposed, and material resource allowing you to invest your time in it.

            Thanks

          • Paulos

            Selam Mez,

            You are absolutely right. Particularly, Thermodynamics makes it harder the fact that one needs to employ differentials and integrals which as you know is a whole different ball game.

            And it is equally true that it depends on the person’s interest and drive to learn as well. Having a great instructor makes a huge difference as well.

          • Mez

            Good day Paulos,

            You are correct–the entropy/enthalpy world.own.q

            Further, if you have an “open system” under investigation, it will be even more crazier to get the appropriate initial and boundary conditions set. The multidimensionality of influencing factors will make solution equations look like an Italian spaghetti. And if you think about delivering a solution, one has to transform all those fancy mathematical formulations into linear equations. A fascinating world of own.

            Thanks

            Thanks

          • Paulos

            Selam Mez,

            Very true. In fact, the probability of finding a state in a complex system is related to a wave function as in Schrodinger’s wave function [psi—The Greek letter]. And Schrodinger’s wave function in a rather fascinating and interesting way is deeply rooted in the complex or imaginary numbers which is as you know the square-root of a negative number. I am thinking of commenting on it in Tigrinya hopefully this coming weekend.

          • Nitricc

            Hey P; You are right P-chem is not easy and it takes Intuition, strong mathematical reasoning and it requires you to think the way you never thought to think, it requires you to think from zero about everything. If not; your previous knowledge will inhibit you from understanding and facing of the challenges of P-chem. For sure P-Chem challenging. Just my take incase some one is taking it as we speak.

          • Haile S.

            Selam Paul,

            በል ከሕክየካ
            ካብ ዝኾንክዎ ዝነግረካ
            ‘ታይ ክገብረልካ?
            ዘይኮንክዎ ከዕልል መሪጸልካ

            ቀደም ብንእስነተይ
            ወረ ሰሚዔ ካብ ሓውተይ
            Leakey ረኺቡ ጋዋኑ ኣበሓጎታተይ
            ኬድናልካ ንሕናው’ን ክንደሊ ምስ ብጾተይ

            ጀመርና
            እግሪ ሓዝሓዝ፡ ዓዲ ስሄል ጥቓ ገዛውትና

            ኣዕጽምቲ ክንኣሪ
            ኣስከሬን ኣበሓጎ ኣደሓጎ ከነጥሪ

            ካብ ዝገርመካ ነይሩ መሊኡ እዕጽምቲ
            ገሊኡ ናይ ኣፍራስ ክንብሎ ገሊኡ ናይ ከብቲ
            ተረፍ ብሉዕ ይኹን ተረፍ ውግእ ደገዝማቲ
            ተስፋ ከይቆረጽና ኰንናልካ ተመራመርቲ
            ንደልየልካ ገጽና ዝመስል በዓል ክልተ ነዃል ኣዒንቲ
            ሽዑ ሕልመይ ነበረ እብለካ ክኸውን ባልዮንቶሎጂስቲ

            ዕላለይ ኣይትረድኣዮ ከም ጣዕሳ
            ጽጉብ እየ በዛ ዝሓዝኩዋ መለክያ ጣሳ

          • Paulos

            Selam Hailat,

            That is so funny. You should see me laughing 😂.

            I admire your courage and determination though.

            Here is a true story I read somewhere I don’t exactly remember where. As you know, Java, Indonesia was one of the hottest spots presumed to have fossils including remains of Humanoids. As it happened, a team of Scientists mobilized the local residents to search for bones including skulls. And the deal was, for them to get paid a certain amount of money for a piece of bone.

            One guy got lucky when he stumbled upon a fully intact skull of a humanoid. He figured that, the fact that it was a single bone per se, he will be paid only for one piece. What he did was, he smashed the skull into many pieces and brought it to the experts. The Scientists couldn’t believe their eyes for they were shocked beyond belief. It was rare of a kind but he destroyed it. Sad but in a way funny too.

          • Hashela

            Selam

            Hi Paulos

            A funny story!
            There is a difference between Hominin and “Humanoid” (human like robotics).
            Hominin is a genera to which we (H. sapiens) belongs. The paleo-anthropologists in Indonia were most likely looking for H. florensis.

          • Paulos

            Selam Hashela,

            Yea it is a funny story. I just remembered where I read it. It was in one of Asimov’s books. And you are absolutely right. I meant to say Hominin. Thank you!

        • Hameed Al-Arabi

          Ahlan PHD Paulos,

          Truly, a typical science man. Laboratory, experiments and results one plus one equals two. Is it correct to see politics through urethroscope, spectroscope or microscope?

          Al-Arabi

          • Paulos

            Selam Hameed,

            That is a difficult question but I think, as much as human behavior is replete with vagaries and contingencies and politics is essentially about human dynamics, it becomes rather hard to predict an outcome with certainity as the hard science usually do. The question remains however, if politics is unpredictable, why do we call the academic discipline, “Political Science”?

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan PHD Paulos,

            I think, Social Science, Political Science, etc. are sciences in different contexts. Politics is predicable, but there should be an ability to connect all dots. Of course, there might be a mistake as in any science with new discoveries that negate the previous beliefs that it was 100% correct. Is science a big lie?

            Al-Arabi

          • Paulos

            Selam Hameed,

            What do you mean when you said if Science is a lie?

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan PHD Paulos,

            For instance, a medical doctor may prescribe a certain medicine for his patient for years. When they discover a new more effective medicine, they drop the old one and prohibit it to be used; it is incorrect prescription for that disease. It means, in the beginning it was a lie, and the new one may be in the future a lie. The scope of knowledge is open-ended. The smartphone generation might consider the 20th century generation as retarded generation. Who knows the future generation may consider us as retarded people.

            Al-Arabi

          • Paulos

            Selam Hameed,

            A lie is obviously not telling the truth and when a Physician prescribes a medication, it may not be much effective for a particular disease and it might as well have serious side effects. It doesn’t necessarily mean that the Physician is lying to the patient.

            For instance, the very first antibiotics that came out where more effective to treat Gram (+) Bacteria. And it was difficult to treat patients who were infected with Bacteriodes which are Gram (-) and Penicillin was not effective. But later on, they came up with antibiotics known as Cephalosporines. There are so far five generations of Cephalosporines as in: First Generation, Second Generation…..Fifth Generation. The consecutive generations are better in treating difficult to treat Bacteria and they are with less side effects as well.

            The same goes with medications for Psychosis or Schizophrenia. The first generation such as Haloperidol are effective but with serious side effects known as Extra-Pyramidal as they affect the facial and shoulder muscles but the newer medications such Clozapine for instance, doesn’t have Extra-Pyramidal side effects. The point being, Physicians are not lying, it is just that, the medication for reasons stated on the above may not be effective or could be with some nasty side effects.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan PHD Paulos,

            I am Sorry for the delay.

            I can understand from your explanation, science is not an absolute truth. It could be the highest level of acceptable logic. There is try and error in it until it becomes acceptable to some extent.

            In the first place when the physician prescribed his medication he was thinking 100% right, but later discovered he was mistaken. Between right 100% and mistaken there is a big question about science maturity and perfection.

            I think, there are many theories which were thought of at some point of time as correct were proven later to be incorrect and dropped out. Science as the other fields of knowledge liable to modification and deletion.

            Now let me go back to my previous questions: Could we call a person a vanguard elite whereas he waits for everything to be done to decide on the issue like the ordinary person? What is the role of vanguard elite? Could we call all elites vanguards?

            Al-Arabi

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Prof. Paulos,

            I invited you to discuss about Eritrean elites, but it seems you have abstained by up-voting me. It is your right to do that, no objection. Anyhow, I pass my questions to Prof. Hidrat.

            Al-Arabi

          • Mez

            Dear Hamid A,

            1) When you talk about medication and drug subscription, it is more in the domain of applied sciences.

            2) in applied sciences the core is to measure compare and quantitatively evaluate.

            2.1) reproduce the same result (again and again) by performing same experimentation [with exactly the same experimental setup], (within allowable error margin).

            3) there is an area called experimental design. The essential point here is, any scientific experiment shall be repeatable, verify verifiable, quantifiable. …

            4) there are tons of statistical methods to group/ungruoup, transform to other dimentionalities, and interpret the experimental outputs.

            5) if you go to any relevant government office which give permission to produce drugs, they have those experimental designs, procedures, outputs, and verifications in their secured lock.

            6) if you run those experiments for outdated drugs, they would still give you the same result (within the allowable error margin).

            7) So your postulate: “…Science as the other fields of knowledge liable to modification and deletion…..”
            Is not correct. Your whole reasoning in this regard looks persuasive but unscientific.

            Thanks

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Mez,

            You know each group of knowledge have made their own standard of proving their hypothesis. The supposition that meets the requirements of the standard is accepted as scientifically proved hypothesis. What they call scientific is the generally accepted standard they have made. Is this standard changes from time to time? Yes, it is changed because this standard should not block knowledge and declare it is the end of knowledge.

            For instance, a student who intends to prepare for a doctorate should choose his topic of research. The topic he chooses should not be researched before him, that means, he should choose a fresh topic that is not researched before. The student should find a GAP in the field of knowledge he researches. There is a gap means there is a hole to be filled up. My dear friend, the filling up will continue to doomsday, and through this filling up of gaps development materializes.

            I hope, my argument has reached a certain level of scientific standard. As you know I didn’t say my way or the highway.

            Al-Arabi

          • Mez

            Hi Hameed A,

            1) I assume more have to be done to clarify the concept of science, research, hypothesis, theory, and the likes.

            1.2) if a graduate student was to start a research, for the specific circumstantial thought you mentioned above, I would recommend him a preparatory course on “philosophy of sciences”, and reflections on critical thinking.

            1.3) regarding: ” …. student who intends to prepare for a doctorate….should find a GAP in the field….researches…. means there is a hole to be filled….”.

            1.3.1) yes the researcher (with his advisors shall demonstrate the topic, reason of the research, his scientific approach, experimental design, data collection, data analysis approach, and ofcourse expected outcome.

            The scientific curiosity is also commonly known as research.

            And Dr Von Brown famously said: “a research is what you are doing when you don’t know what you are doing!”

            Thanks

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Mez,

            Yes, exactly as Dr Von Brown said that you perform a work where you don’t know whether your work is wrong or right that will lead you to certain result. You endeavor to fill up the gap, but you may fail how to fill it up.

            I think what you have mentioned in 1.3.1 is the understood knowledge and tools the researcher should possess to perform a research. As you know my good friend, a researcher is not a learner, but an explorer of new knowledge.

            For example, if I ask you though Africa is rich with resources why is she poor? This is a broad question with many gaps to be filled up. Of course, the answer of those many gaps require thousands of researchers in order Africa to get out of her problems. The same could be applied to the problems of Eritrea and the country that claim that she has 3000 years of independence.

            I think, there are many knowledge gaps to be filled in Eritrea and Ethiopia. The first gap that should be filled up is about the elites and which kind of elites should be vanguards to lead for peace and development. Are the elites who fail to read facts on the ground and predict “sunset” eligible to lead? Are elites who don’t read facts on the ground or don’t predict eligible to lead? Are elites who read facts on the ground well, but hesitate to predict eligible to lead? or those who don’t read and predict in accordance to their whims eligible to lead? Are elites who suffer from complexities and racism eligible to lead? Sorry, I think I have gone so far and put many questions.

            I THINK THE RIGHT ELITES WHO SHOULD LEAD ARE THOSE WHO READ FACTS ON THE GROUND WELL, THOSE WHO DO NOT HESITATE TO PREDICT AND THEIR PREDICTION IS 99.99% CORRECT, ELITES FREE OF COMPLEXITIES AND RACISM

            Al-Arabi

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Abu Hamdat,

            Because drug-A is substituted by Drug-B for various reasons, there wasn’t a lie about Drug-A in the treatment of the disease it was indicated for. In some instances when Drug-B become the first in line for treatment Drug-A is placed second in line for various reasons. In the choices of drugs for treatment there are various reasons behind it. It could be of its side effect, or it could be of its bio-availabilities, it could be for reasons of patients compliance (on the frequency of taking it), it could be on its kinetic nature of the drug, it could be to avoid drug-drug interaction, it could be to avoid drug-disease interaction …etc. Hence, there is no a lie in Drug-A for the disease it indicated for and how the drug changes the quality of life of the patient. Your characterization is wrong.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Hameed,

        Dr Paulos is a PHD holder in biochemistry. Just to confirm to your question mark,

        • Hameed Al-Arabi

          Ahlan Ustaz Hidrat,

          Thank you for the information. I think, you don’t have any hesitation as I have understood from your comments, but I am not sure about PHD Paulos. I hope he will answer my inquiry.

          Al-Arabi

        • Berhe Y

          Dear Dr. Paulos and Aman, Dr. Fanti, Dr. Haile S. and Dr. Hope and others,

          We had these discussion about vaccination with saay, iSem and others I forgot.

          I don’t recall any of you said something about the topic and it would be nice to get your perspective, as there is same issue is happening.

          Would like to get your perspective, I am of the opinion that, the pharma companies have a lot of interests to suppress the debate and many in the medical field and government and media are systematically collaborating with them.

          Here is my recent observation. In Ontario for example, if one chooses there is the option to opt out for religious and other reason. The government insist that one needs to attend a seminar and must watch a video about vaccine before one can be opt out.

          I was in one of those seminars and without exaggeration the attendee were majority white people, I don’t the exact amount but for sure the majority.

          And I have seen many reports quoting that most white people opt out but they get the herd protection so they don’t need to.

          I honestly believe it’s the reason why they don’t have a total ban from opting out. Knowing these (at least believing this), I have really hard time to believe what’s being told in the media and the medical community says.

          Sorry may not be related but like to hear your thoughts.

          Berhe

          • Haile S.

            Selam Berhe,

            Without going into the controversy (avoiding it), let me express very briefly my opinion saying vaccines save lives. Just for the interest of its history, vaccination is said to have been practiced against smallpox in oriental cultures going as far as China. This, however, should include at least Abyssinians too, as our people use to practice it by deliberate inoculation of pus from an affected person to the healthy through their own technic of scarification like the mentioned cultures long before Dr Jenner re-discovered it using Vaccinia from infected cows.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Haile S.

            I do understand the historical benefits of vaccine. My question was rather in the modern times, specially since the pharma industry have grown so fast and so soon in the past 10 – 15 years.

            Berhe

    • Lamek

      Selam Paulos,

      There is no paper trail for this so you should treat it as if it never happened. If you go to court with this, what is your evidence? Hear-say. Who is this ambassador? Would he repeat those words on record?

      “To bring Eritrea to Ethiopia’s fold as a province” would be a major project. IA will not live long enough to see it. The only threat to our sovereignty is Ethiopian interference, undermining, diminishing, using the wrong map, referring to us as their own but to lose sleep on IA-Abiy conspiracy to unite the two countries is simply paranoia. What is the mechanism by which this will happen? The best case scenario for this is to make what separates these two countries as murky as possible so that they appear like one but unless the Eritrean people are provided another referendum to federate or confederate with Ethiopia, there is just no precedence for this. The 1952 federation and the subsequent 1962 annexation is completely different. When IA told Abiy ‘you are our leader now, I give you all responsibility…’ he was likely intoxicated. I give no weight to that talk. What is significant is the wrong message it sent. But there really is no legal mechanism for a sovereigh nation to devour another sovereign nation other than a referendum.

      • Paulos

        Selam Lamek,

        Given the relevant considerations you rightly laid out, it may seem impractical to reverse Eritrean independence but the fact that Isaias has 50 years of savvy and cunning political experiences under his sleeves, it is really hard to shrug it off with certainity. We just to wait and see.

    • Alex

      Hi Paulos,
      Assenna does not have credibility when it comes to news from Eritrea unlike Gedeb news of awate. PIA does not have the power or support to unite Eritrea with Ethiopia and any body who believe on that has to be naive.

    • Amanuel

      Hi Paulos
      With due respect to Amanuel for his hard working, sometimes he rushes to release unconfirmed (collaborated) news. I suspect 03 people use him deliberately to discredit him and Assenna.

      • Paulos

        Selam Aman,

        True that we should take it with a grain of salt given the website’s bumpy reputation but the report could as well be credible. We just have to see how it pans out.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Dr Paulos,

          If we attack “our alliance” equally with the “regime” what kind of strategy for success could it be? If the so called “forces of change” are attacking each other what good will come out of it? The crying to unite our efforts against our common enemy (the regime) is completely fake, if we are attacking the “would be” alliance of us. Imagine Assenna not only has a broad followers, but it is fighting in the forefront of our struggle against the regime. When we can not identify our alliances and our enemies we don’t know what for we fighting. That is why we don’t have a common enemy that unite us. If for some Assenna is their enemy, for others Awate is their enemy, for the rest Asmarino is their enemy from our websites and keep attacking them when we see something we don’t agree, we don’t know the rules of struggle and how to use them effectively as formidable institutional tools in the struggle.

          • Lamek

            Hello Aman, I sympathize with you on this to some extent. However, bear in mind that there are certain facts that I believe we all agree on. Here they are: IA is not popular at this time, which means at least 50% of Eritreans do not see him in positive light. Many people are defecting the PFDJ camp. This defection is a process in itself. The first step in defying IA’s rule is to be absent from PFDJ meetings or to no longer wave the PFDJ forever sign (the euphoria basically comes to a screeching halt) and the subject does a sober analysis of the facts on the ground. Then the subject becomes silent and hides out in shame. They slowly start to share their grievances on IA/PFDJ with their confidants such as close family members. Then they no longer see their close relatives in opposition camp as their enemies. They make peace with them. They continue this healing process with others in their horizon. I believe this progression fits most Eritreans who were once supporters of IA and his regime.

            Now when it comes to the organized opposition or activism such as the websites you mentioned, they have all effectively defined IA as the enemy of the state. They do not need to be completely in tune in the details. What Assenna reported on the ambassador whispering to a financial analyst is not worth bringing to the spotlight because as I said before there is no written or recorded evidence of this. My gut feeling is that the report is true but I cannot take that to the bank.

            So don’t let disagreements on details make you lose hope on the Eritrean people in general and people opposing the regime in particular. The process is taking its natural course, so lest we overcook the pot, we should be patient and let things unfold. In some ways Abiy is a blessing in disguise for the opposition. PFDJ has never shown any cracks and divisions as we see now. Abiy has inadvertently added a catalyst to that slow reaction (to use your chemistry lexicon). Now we need to allow the reaction go to completion with hopefully high yield and little byproducts.

          • Peace!

            Hi Emma,

            What’s wrong with saying such speculation should not be taken at face value given the website’s bias record?

            Peace!

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Hi Peace,

            Is it difficult to see the news with the big picture of flooding intention?

            Al-Arabi

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Peace (Abi-seb),

            This is the issue we differ on our take. Just let us respect each other’s view on our differences, and let us work on what that makes us alliances.

          • Nitricc

            Assenna not only has a broad followers, but it is fighting in the forefront of our struggle against the regime. When we can not identify our alliances and our enemies we don’t know what for we are fighting

            Hi Aman-H; so you are saying as long as Assena hates the PFDJ; regardless its record, regardless its honesty; regardless its political agenda; regardless its illiterate self, no mater what Assena is your alliance? WOW. It is true for some Awate.com could be their enemy but Awate.com doesn’t dispense false and dishonest news. But for you to reclaim Assena as an alliance, you are self damaging beyond repair. Assena is disgraced, illiterate, dishonest and garbage web-site. the end of the story.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Nitrickay,

            Sometimes you make an outrageous comment. Why don’t answer my earlier question to you regarding your comment on Zimbabwe and Eritrea?

            On this one: Since you don’t understand the meaning of alliance and for what they will be allied for, and since you are a staunch supporter of the despot and his institutions, I wouldn’ Surprise to see this blubbering from your side. Simply the enemy of my enemy is my friend. Hence the need of alliance of all against the evil regime.

          • Brhan

            Hi Nitricc,
            It is good that Assena is fighting the regime…It would be better if it becomes more professional …..I see awate has a team , assena also should follow awate in having a team…a person has one quality …could be a good writer or speaker but he or she needs experts around him or her….. strategists, media experts, lawyers….the regime fear has been always educated persons, professionals and researchers
            Thanks

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Berhan,

            Just to inform you that few months ago Assenna has formed an advisory board for its foundation, though it was late since its inception. Even big mass media like Washington Post, NY times, LA time …etc do make mistakes, let alone this tiny mass media Assenna. But Eritreans focus on the mistakes than on the overall contribution of the website. Imagine our websites are not as normal news media only, they are politically oriented to expose the oppressive regime. They existed to oppose the Eritrean regime and not strictly to inform unbiased news. So sometimes we have to know that they are “opposition mass media” to counter the mass media of the regime. They are not there to check and correct the regime.

          • Nitricc

            So sometimes we have to know that they are “opposition mass media” to counter the mass media of the regime

            Hi Aman-H; I have read many people vouching for your strong principals and stands but I am disappointed to witness otherwise. Because you are an opposition to a government of regime; it doesn’t not mean you oppose to the truth and to what is ethical. Aessena is not only the worst of worst but they are the biggest liability to what ever you are fighting. In life, once you lose your credibility it is a done deal and Assena has dead long time ago. it is worthless. My advice to you is don’t kill your credibility and principals with dead and principal-less Assena. If one web-site is the greatest liability to the Eritrean case; look no further than toothless and worthless Assena. The truth!!!!

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Nitrickay,

            Did you ever question about the credibilities of the regime’s mass media, who are day in and day out lying? You are supporting for the regime who never shy away from lying. It is those who are supporting the Eritrean regime who lost their credibilities indeed, long time ago. Don’t worry about my credibilities. Worry about your credibility when you are allied with the despot,

          • Nitricc

            no matter how many mistakes could do in that tough journey

            Hi Aman-H; so you are saying that no matter how dishonest, inaccurate and deceiving Assena is, as long as they opposed the Eritrean government it is all good and fine with you? is what you are saying? Again I have no idea why you choose to kill your credibility with the dead and credibility-less Assena.com? is that it, Aman?

            Worry about your integrity and credibility when you become allied with the despot.

            I can understand and tolerate when the government of Eritrea misleads and lies because it is done under the name of the national security. Why I don’t get is what is the reason your beloved disgraced Assena lying for? Again, I don’t think you are understanding your outrageous argument. True, some times mistakes are made but when lying are the bases of your news and analysis, sorry Aman-H check your principals. Assena is nothing but garbage and unworthy of Eritrea and everything Eritrea represents.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Brhan; as long as Assena sticks to the truth; I don’t think they need a team. When you are in news business, what you say and how truth it is a matter of life and death. However; I don’t think Assena can be or become a professional out late. In reporting business; no one comes back to life of professionalism once they are trashed. Assena destination is to the garbage dumpster. the end of story.

          • Hayat Adem

            Comrade Nitricc,
            This is not good enough nor believable from a person who preached a lot in this forum and admittedly contributed nothing yet. Despite this bizarre standing, I will ask you out of curiosity: which local and diaspora media outlet wins your respect in terms of truthfulness, professionalism and credibility?
            Hayat

        • Saleh Johar

          Hi Paulos, Ammanuel and Nitricc,

          I see Emma’s reasoning, fighting sideways is not effective. However, we should be careful not to embarrass each other by adhering to accuracy and honest reporting (though to some, that could be subjective).

          I don’t want to mention a name, but a prominent person once admonished me for not reporting unverified rumors if that hurts the regime. I objected and his excuse was, a struggle era program was so popular it could work even now. The program was called “Entaay yebahal allo?” His reasoning was, as long as you are reporting what you heard and attribute it to the grapevines, your integrity and honesty will stay intact. He didn’t have an answer when I told him, “kab seraqi zqbbel seraqi” .

          It’s a complicated path that we need to tread carefully.

          • Desbele

            Selam Saleh,

            I almost never share Eri news unless reported on Awate. Thats what credibility mean . Good job and many thanks.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Ustaz Saleh Johar,

            Authenticity is very important in reporting news. The news should be attributed to its source to attain credibility. I think, Amauel Iyassu has gotten the news from an EU source who don’t want to uncover his name which should be mentioned in relation with the news.

            I think, the news already has a bedrock from Dr. Abi Ahmed to be considered as credible news.

            Al-Arabi

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Al-Arabi, SJ and others,

            I too depend on Gedeb news for accurate news about Eritrea. But at the same time, considering how difficult it is to get confirmed news from Eritrea, I also give the benefit for others even outlets even at the risk of getting it wrong.

            For example in this particular case, there is a news if you google about Eritrea that the EU is building a road connecting the two countries. Now that is not the same as uniting the two countries but it’s not far fetched to what they are planning to speculate. PMAA spoke about wanting to have one embassy, one military for the region. The EU countries are probably eager to see and want to deport everyone from that region as soon as they think the political problems in those countries do not exist any more so they have a biased interests to see that through.

            “To back this, we are launching a €20 million [$22.7 million] program to rebuild the roads connecting both countries. This will boost trade, consolidate stability and have clear benefits for the citizens of both countries through the creation of sustainable growth and jobs.”

            So I don’t think we should feel sorry if the regime is demonized, ridiculed, and in the process helped energize those opposing it.

            Berhe

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Berhe Y,

            I agree to this considerate viewpoint about the news in Assenna website. I hope our brothers and sisters in Brussels try hard to bestow us with a video about the meeting. It is very important news and will expose clearly the hidden agenda of Abi Ahmed and Isaias to the dumb and visionless.

            Al-Arabi

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Hameed,

            I think in Europe and other democratic countries, due to the very nature of democracy and transparency, there is always in most cases to get to the bottom of the news that most politicians like to hide, because laws that exist to protect the media such as access to information.

            I don’t know the mechanics of it but credible media personality like Habtom Yohannes in the UK, oppositions politicians like Hamden, and sympathetic to ERITREAN abuse like Martin Plaut (look Nitric and Blink jumping on me) and even the BBC, VOA, Aljazeera, even Assena and Gedeb can have access to the dealings to get to the truth.

            It’s hard work but not impossible.

            Berhe

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Berhe Y,

            As you said it is a hard work but not impossible. I hope ደቂ ኤረ will bring the bottom of the news. We have the true news with ደቂ ኤረ:: In Arabic they say in such cases, “عند جهينة الخبر اليقين”.

            Al-Arabi

          • Lamek

            Hi Hameed, I see your point but the issue with this is that an EU analyst said an Ethiopian ambassador told him something. He has not disclosed who this ambassador is and that is perfectly within journalistic standards to keep your source anonymous for a lot of reasons. So where should these individuals in Europe go to get this information that is the reliability of the claim regarding Abiy and IA grand agenda? It’s a closed case from the outset.

          • Kaddis

            Selam Gash Berhe –

            Not to add to the reintegration speculation but the migration file has progressed (by the west standard) due to the new refugee law enacted in Ethiopia. The law gives almost equal to some extent more right ( the right to expatriate profit + investment after closing the refugee’s business? can you imagine?) to refugees than locals. Its now easy for the west to reject asylums claiming you can live in peace, open business etc…in your neighbour. So I agree not to disregard any info when Abiy sounds more like Isiaias by the day with a big Press secretary team but gave only one FT interview and one Press conference in almost a year.

            Cheers,

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Kaddis,

            I just read recent article on FT, titled “African new talisman” and the paint the picture of Ethiopia. I think it was Amde who said, the Eritrea file could be a burden to Abiy (or something like that). And looking at Ethiopia current interests, he may be right considering all the challenges he is facing, mixing Eritrea to Ethiopia politics could create unwanted consequences.

            I can say, Eritrean people are unanimously united on this, that is, they do not want to have anything to do tampering our sovereignty, no matter how attractive it sounds. At the same time, Eritreans are united to see a peaceful existence with Ethiopia, including a lawful and peaceful interaction as good neighbors.

            In other words, the despise the annexation of Eritrea by HS and the brutal dictatorship of Mengistu. At the same time they equally despise the “no peace, no war” policy of Melles that separates the two people. They have no opinion of Hailemariam Desalign:), was he even there.

            I think Abiy needs to thread carefully and he should not let his ambition blind him from reality. All these plans to make the Europeans and the Arabs happy at the expenses of the Ethiopian people will eventually will have a price to pay.

            IA is the master of all evil and I can’t see how he will be good to Abiy and the Ethiopian people in the long term.

            I have heard recently that there was demolishing of homes in some region….that sounds typical Isayasian policy….

            Berhe

          • Paulos

            Selam Ayay,

            I agree. Thank you. Shifting….

            I just finished watching your ቁጽሪ መበል 36 ቢድዮ ብዛዕባ መጻሕፍቲ።

            May God blesd you a million times over! The joy of reading! The joy of Books!

            I must say, I read only three books out of all the collections you have.

            Bahru Zewdie
            George Orwell
            Colonel Tsegu.

            I read, the Tigrinya edition of Colonel Tsegu’s book hoping to learn more about the alleged ሕብእቲ ሰልፊ but he does not go in depth where he instead talks more about his personal life as in autobiography.

            And the book on “Awate” you highly recommended is already on my what to read next list. Thank you again.

          • Saleh Johar

            Hi Paulos,
            Good you have Hale Woldu’s Awate on the list. It’a must read. If you budget can handle it, I still recommend the rest of the books. I am sure you will not regret it.

            Thank you

          • Amanuel

            Hi Saleh
            I need help on how to get Haile Woldu’s Awate. I have ordered it three times from Amazon and got the Tigrayit one three times and gave up.

          • Saleh Johar

            Ahlan Amanuel,
            You have two choices:
            1)get it directly from Eritrea through acquaintances
            2) get the ISBN of the Tigrinya book and make sure you are ordering the correct copy. I am not sure of it but I will check if the book has an iSBN when I get home and let you know.

          • Hashela

            I just got my order “ሓምድ እድሪስ ዓዋተ” from Amazon. It took about about five days from the date of order to delivery.

            When you put the order, pay close attention to your selection: “ሓምድ እድሪስ ዓዋተ” or “ሓምድ እድሪስ ዐዋቴ”.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selam Memhir,

            ISBN: 978-99948-0-170-1

          • Saleh Johar

            Fanti, you’re always there, thanks.

            Amanuel, now you have all the information you need. But Hidri is kind of…. okay, I will not say it 🙂

            Hashela (by the way we have to talk about Hashela) I know want to ask about a family, very close to me, from there I need to ask about them, Ich glaube du bist in deutschland, ist es richtig? the names Endrias and his younger sister Leteyesus ring a bell? I am sure you do, Hashela is so small and tightly knit… if you do, pl pass my warmest regards to them.

          • Amanuel

            Thanks Saleh.
            It appears Amazon is distributing directly.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Dear moderator:

            in the interest of a greater good, I will violate a posting guideline by placing a link on a week day. Please give Amanuel a chance to click on it and then reprimand and remove! Thank you in advance.

            Amanuel,
            I got mine back in September from Amazon and there was no issue then.

            However, the seller is named HdriMedia which you can get both the Tigrigna and Tigre versions from.

            Blue Cover = Tigrigna
            ሓምድ እድሪስ ዓዋተ (Hamid Idris Awate)

            Green Cover = Tigre
            ሓምድ እድሪስ ዐዋቴ (Hamid Idris Awate) (Tigre)

            Give it one more try.

          • Amanuel

            Thanks Fanti

      • Hameed Al-Arabi

        Hi Amauel,

        Dr. Abi speech in Italy about railroad from Massawa to Ethiopia and his request of aid from Italy has a close relation with the ambassador request from the EU.

        “the Ethiopian Ambassador to Brussels spoke with EU officials for financial assistance and in line with that the Ambassador has explained it to the officials that Isaias and Abiy have agreed to bring Eritrea to Ethiopia’s fold as a province.”

        Could anyone tell us the difference between the two requests?

        Al-Arabi

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Hamdat,

          Is this a quoted statement from the Ethiopian Ambassador?

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Ustaz Hidrat,

            No, it is quoted from Prof. Paulos comment.

            Al-Arabi

    • Peace!

      Hi Paoulsay,

      If you don’t mind, I would just call it a positive distraction. Of course, we should be vigilant, but not to the extent shopping news online and drag ourselves on someone else’s war. Not too long ago Assenna openly urged Eritreans to save TPLF.

      Peace!

      • Paulos

        Selam Abi Seb,

        I am stumped. Distracting the Forum from what?

        • Peace!

          Pulosay,

          By the way I was referring to the news/speculation/…/…/…

          I don’t know what to say other than what I said. “Of course, we should be vigilant, but not to the extent shopping news online and drag ourselves onto someone else’s war. Not too long ago Assenna openly urged Eritreans to save TPLF.’

          Peace!

  • said

    elam Semon
    My comment was initially you simmered the catholic Christianity and I would not even write your comment and you are openly hostile to Islam .I have commented and answered you back with clear reference and respect ,you seem relentless you want more explanation for which again I am not qualified to answer , Unfortunately, I no more get a useful value of your, writings and comments correspondence, as I like you to cease forwarding same to me. In the beginning, at least, I thought I could find value of your comment and but it seems you are not reflective of independent and objective thinking that are now been profoundly compromised turning more and more hate and not independent and less objective much in line with misinforming generally slanted western media presentations of the international news and of the world affairs about islam misinformation .

    I do no know in what you believe ,you might be Christian or staunch atheist, not rationalist and not progressive and not intellectual person there is no logical and rational explanations that I can make you understand .please do not ask me about what this sura or that and meaning of it and is going in some Arab /Muslim counters ,I will not ask to answer about Christian and their action or about the bible . Christian are living some in rich countries and some in very poor countries and wrong doing Christian or the Bible not responsible for American war in Vietnam or any were else for that matter . Are you looking for a reasoned reaction or keen to understand Islam’s role in the world ,you should probably avoid this diatribe disguised as a serious comment and question . If it deserves to be commented at all then purely as a symptom of our hate era, with its proliferation of opinion disguised as truth and appeals to humanity’s worst instincts. I have great respect and admiration Some church priest and Catholic activists You can find out by yourself about Catholic activists for peace and justice the like Dorothy Day, The priest/activist Father John Dear decried the scandal of the Church’s support of the war, nearly all the U.S. Catholic bishops voted to bless and support the bombing and mass murder of the people. We know that some 4000 civilians were killed during the first two months of the war. Hundreds of children were killed, Long time peacemaker and resister, Father Daniel Berrigan once said “I don’t know a more irreligious attitude, one more utterly bankrupt of any human content, In a 1967 column entitled “In Peace Is My Bitterness Most Bitter” Dorothy wrote about Cardinal Spellman and his support for the war in Vietnam: “But what words are those he spoke — going against even the Pope, calling for victory, total victory? Words are as strong and powerful as bombs, as napalm.” “I can sit in the presence of the Blessed Sacrament and wrestle for that peace in the bitterness of my soul, a bitterness which many Catholics throughout the world feel, and I can find many things in Scripture to console me, to change my heart from hatred to love of enemy.”
    Of course, the act of any sick fanatic, fringe , deviant and ignorant Muslim one must absolutely condemn them and strongly criticizes, some ignorant muslin who have very wrongly interpreted their faith of peace upside down , however, this criticism is based on the fact that they have strayed from the original teachings of their religion. And this can be said about any religions through out the history .
    For any an atheist, believe in Maoism and Stalinism and your godless Communism have killed combined over 100 million good Christian and poor chines people for no wrong of their doing . No ‘ism’, ideology or religion matches Islam in its world-affirmative stance. In regard material world and progress .Muslims should be worked hard earn their living in honest clean way and try to wealthy and affluent and give charity to the poor is a must . It is Satan who promises poverty, not God. In fact, the Qur’an criticizes those who were lazy and who failed to migrate, who could not pull themselves up by their bootstraps; they deserved what they got. To be a Muslim is to live in and to be loyal to this world in peace and harmonies and respect in country law you live in. but not above and beyond our loyalty to Allah. However, every Muslim must correct INJUSTICES evil. It is his duty, just as much as it is his duty to pray five times a day. All citizens of a giving nation must work and establishes justice and an ordered society, regulated by law. From it is inception Islam guarantees justice for all; Madinah was that class of model society. In those days justice had no price. For several centuries under Islamic rule, any citizen who voiced a complaint could be sure that justice would be done. No theory of society can give as much as the Islamic theory of society has given. Society, based on race, ethnicity, nation, class language or history are prototypes of the animal world where dog eats dog. The social order of Islam ends this and brings justice to all. Does Islam deny the value of national, ethnic or linguistic identity and culture? Not at all,it is capital No! Islam recognizes the worth of these national and ethnic groups. Islam does not only tolerate but encourages the development of different ethnic groups. The group has a special perspective on the values affecting people’s lives. Insofar as it exists, national culture is encouraged by Islam.
    Islam is built on the basis of values which are not only for the group which adheres to them but for the whole of mankind to live in Peace and Harmonies .
    In regards your usual question have never have ends you jump and how about this countries or that group ,I am NOT qualified to answer you ,no one represent Islam , some ME countries are run by absolute dictatorship ,you may know or find out for yourselves and I know mostly they are against Islamic religion and they are intolerant , they take their orders from west. for lost soul. Islam is simple and easy to understand .Islam does not present stumbling blocks to the mind. It does not make claims which overwhelm the mind. Islam does not present to a person that which the human intellect cannot grasp. Anyone can understand Islam as it is a universal religion.
    Within Islam, it is both legitimate and right to ask the question: “Why Islam?” Every tenet in Islam is subject to analysis and contention. No other religion is willing to subject its basic fundamentals of faith to such questioning. the most rational of some religious theologians, stopped the use of reason when it came to the basic fundamentals of their faiths. then tried to justify faith. So to ask yourself and get to know your own relgion first we are here for beauty contest “why Christianity?” is an illegitimate question. However, Allah invites the question as to “why Islam?”. only for those sincerely wanted to know with good intention .Islam takes the world of life and existence seriously, declaring it to be full of meaning and purpose. Life is not a sport or any kind easy go entertainment or entitlements ,or empty and shallow of value and morality , nor is it purposeless. From the Islamic perspective, everything has meaning because the concept of God’s purpose in creation gives meaning to human life. The Muslim is never bored with life; there is no existential anxiety in Islam. The Muslim can see the working of the good purposes of the divine Creator in everything. The Muslim lives in a world where life is full of meaning and purpose and this means the Muslim never loses his spiritual and physical and mental balance
    Everything in Islam is subject to rational pursuit .Islam is also a rational system which not only allows questions but raises knowledge to a new level of dignity and respect. No other religion has exalted knowledge and its pursuit, as has Islam. In fact, for the first time in human history, a religious book invited people to question the creation of the universe and stated that in it (the universe) were signs for people of knowledge..
    Islam encourages its followers to ask why Islam. Islam is an intellectual and historical religion. There are no secrets and no mysteries which cannot be understood by an ordinary person.
    Hinduism legitimize upper-caste domination and legitimizes idolatry for the less educated, as it says, not all people can understand the higher religion of the Brahmans. However, for the Hindu, if he has not been born in India, he is unclean; for the Jews, the sacred law only applied to them and for the Christian, there is no salvation outside the Church.
    Islam does not force a person to choose between various religions as it has included the essential teachings of all religions in its universal message. The Islamic concept is that, to every people, Allah sends a Messenger and that in their present religion or ideology they must have retained some kernel of truth from the original teachings of that religion which was, of course, the teachings of the primordial religion
    Islam views inter-religious dialogue as an internal discussion, not as a discussion with outsiders because, from its perspective, all mankind are members of a universal religious brotherhood. So the differences Islam has with other religions are regarded as internal differences. Islam, therefore, was the first religion in the world to call for the critical examination of religious texts. The Muslim says, in effect, to other religions: “Let us together examine the Holy Books of our religions and compare the contents
    faith the original teachings of our respective religions and examine how far we have adhered to, or gone astray from these original teachings.” Muslims, therefore, never attack other religions. Islam, in particle term however, accepts the personal morality and values of Jesus, the concept of liberating a human being from materialism found in Hinduism in India , as well as the practical ethics for harmony in human society as found in Confucianism in china .Islam declares a person to be born sinless with a clean slate. The human being was not born evil but rather he was created good and equipped by nature to fulfill his duties. From the Islamic point of view, the drama of a person’s life is something that takes place after birth and not before. Islam does not record a human being as a degradation of the divine as it regards a human being as having instincts which are pure and good. The fact remain Islam does not divide the soul and life of a person into two compartments, i.e. religious or ethical and verbal or material. Islam regards the human being as an integral whole. All of his actions and instincts are part and parcel of his being together with his hopes, fears, certitude, faith, and conviction.
    Islam is world-affirmative. For the Muslim the world is good. It is a blessing, it has been created good, to be enjoyed. Islam does not view the world as a demon, it is not valued as being satanic or evil. It is not a degraded kingdom. The world is the only kingdom; the hereafter is not a kingdom but merely a place of Judgment for a human person’s actions during his life. For Muslims, the world is a beautiful place. What is wrong, is its misuse under moral law. Islam is affirmative action in a social setting; it is neither abstract nor isolationist.
    But it is subject to the universal law of Allah. The interests of the nation or group must be subject to the moral law, the Shariah, which encompasses the whole of mankind. Islam created a world society and it was Islam, over 1400 years ago, that first established a working system of international law.
    It was only in the 20th century that the West started to develop international law. Grotius contributed only wishful thinking. In the West, international law existed only in the imagination until after World War I when the League of Nations was established. The present system of international law is far is mostly applied to poor nation just a single court in the Hague. If we want to solve international problems we must make justice under international law possible for everyone.

    • Berhe Y

      Dear said,

      Please do not waste your time with Simon Kaleab. He is ተርፍ መረፍ ናይ በዓል አጸ ዮሃንስን አሉላን እዩ፡፡ The only thing that’s acceptable to him is for Eritrean Muslims to renounce their religion and covert to what ever he wants them to be.

      Berhe

    • Brhan

      Hello Said ,

      Simon is here to distract. If you think he committed a hate crime just keep it for your records.

    • Peace!

      Hi Said,

      Please don’t waste your time he is a hate filled sick person. What’s really disappointing is that this forum rages only when TPLF is attacked. DIA Keman K’wehdena!!

      Peace!

  • Selam All,

    Next door, in the Sudan, social unrest has erupted, citizens are demonstrating against the dictatorial rule of Al-Bashir, he has declared state of emergency – dissolved parliament and government, he has put in place military and security personnel as the new governors of the regional states, more than 30 demonstrators have already been killed as the government says, (more than 50 by the opposition), etc.

    Al-Bashir says there are foreign agents who are behind the unrest, most probably egypt and the west, one can guess. He knows that this a life or death situation, because he could be handcuffed and sent to the icc, where he will be condemned to pass the rest of his life in prison, if he does not manage to escape to an arab country. In the worst case scenario it will be his neck that will be in danger.

    What could be the impact on the countries of the horn, if the dictatorship in the sudan is brought down? In the sudan itself, is it going to be a real change towards democracy if the opposition succeeds, or they will have to put up with the next dictator? Do dictators of the region have reason to worry about, taking into consideration the things happening in the sudan, or are they going to remain indifferent, knowing that nothing like that is going to happen in their backyard?

    • Hashela

      Am I right to assume that you are worried about PIA’s fate? Worried that he may be removed before he signs an agreement that is unfair to Eritrea and favorable to Ethiopia. Are you dreaming about Asseb?

    • Amanuel

      Hi Harizon
      IA who has already implemented what Al-Bashir is doing ages ago will be worried as he is the only necked dictator next door, specially with rumours that he is loosing the support of some of the generals and security people.

    • Hameed Al-Arabi

      Hi Horizon,

      You have to conceive that every nation has its own biochemistry (borrowed from Dr. Paulos lessons), the right elements and medium of reaction to produce a positive outcome. The countries that do not use their own (local) biochemistry will definitely fail.

      Al-Arabi

    • Selamat Horizon,

      I think less than a month ago Bashir opened the border between Eritrea and Sudan after almost a year of bad or no relations between the two. Bashir reopened the borders while he was and is being pressured by his own people. Given that Sudan’s complaint was economic piracy or disparity and that the Sudanese people are demonstrating against Bashir because of the cost of bread going up which means they are mad because of economics, if they were to take over and get rid of him there might be a slight possibility of closing the borders.

      Speaking of borders and dictators in the neighborhood you are eluding to. We have seen the border between Ethiopia and Eritrea was partially closed and remains closed. Eritreans priority at this moment is not to get rid of the dictator. Eritreans priority concerns these days is to solidify the sovereignty of their nation with a mutually beneficial signing of the rapprochement agreements with no less of a hundred percent mutual respect of both nations towards one another. With all the literatures and audio video productions coming from their southern neighbors putting to question the legitimacy and viability of independent Eritrea coupled with the pressures from the ‘Eritrean Opposition’ on the Eritrean dictator, Eritreans are now more concerned and united to finally resolve the border issue once and for all. They are more concerned on solidifying their sovereignty, the legacy of their armed struggle and demarcating the border. They will be patient with the dictator and watch each and every step he takes with regard to the border and the ties he is forging with Ethiopia. They will particularly scrutinize any agreement he makes with Ethiopia with regards to joint security. The Eritreans will let the dictator live for a little while until he finalizes this border issue and rapprochement with Ethiopia.

      I believe Eritreans find the bellicose ‘Eritrean opposition’ more of a liability than the dictator himself for the time being. In fact we will be witnessing a huge divide amongst the ‘Eritrean opposition’ strategy or the means to an end both desire being the difference. ‘Eritrean opposition’ are more likely of a threat to Eritrean sovereignty at the moment than is the dictator. He has one more task he must complete until the hammer comes down on him.
      It is a choice of lesser evil for Eritreans these days. The dictator or the very dangerous callous Eritrean opposition. That is the other Eritrean opposition, The legitimate Eritrean opposition will strategize better than the vindictive opposition, Dictator lives a little while more Horizon – don’t worry your buddy will be alright.

      tSAtSE

      • Berhe Y

        Hi tSAtSE,

        You are fond of saying “speak for your self” and this time it’s my turn to tell you “speak for your self”, when you wrote:

        Eritreans priority at this moment is not to get rid of the dictator.

        Until we get rid of the dictator nothing good will come to Eritrea. Eritrean sovereignty has been solidified by the Eritrean people blood and bones. No body will change that, except the enemy from within i.e. the dictator.

        The sooner we get rid of him the sooner we secure our lands, and ports, and sea and sky.

        It’s the highest of the high priority for Eritreans if you ask me. The dictator should be very worried..Ethiopians have got rid of their dictator ship, now Sudan and Eritrean should be next.

        Abiy can bluff all he wants, he can’t do anything about it.

        Berhe

        • Selamat Berhe Y,

          A bird in your hand is better than two birds flying wild. Thats how the Eritreans are feeling these days.

          Trust me when I say your version of opposition and extreme narrative will be hit the hardest. There is a wave that is building up and it will consume you. Unless the dictator signs and hands over Eritrea to Ethiopia by signing the agreement that includes joint security before things heats up and catch up to him. You guys are just not good strategists. Eritreans value their sovereignty over anything else. So long the dictator completes this last task for them, they would not care if he ruled them another 10 years. You just don’t get it buddy. I will be explaining it to you all this week.

          MenkaE do jiniEfrit ktiblu kerimukum allo yeHwat.

          tSAtSE

          • Berhe Y

            Hi tSAtSE,

            If you were truly a EPLF qeyiH embaba, you wouldn’t let Sherifo, Haile DureE, Bitweded, Petros Solomon and others die and rot in Isayas Afeworki hell.

            I learned from history what the dictator did for Menkae and others. I am younger than may be much younger than you:).
            The reason I bring it is not because I had personal experience or I have personall loss, but with the adge that goes “those who do not learn from history are

            ‘Those who do not learn history are doomed to repeat it.

      • Mez

        Good day Memhier SAtSE,

        This “….Dictator lives a little while more ….”

        The socioitically driven change will most likely be in seven to ten years; conservatively, (unless the biological process closes the race earlier).

        Thanks

        • Berhe Y

          Dear Mez,

          ሎሚስ ጸኒሕና ገለ ክንሰምዕ ኢና፡፡ The socioitically driven change will most likely be in seven to ten years; conservatively, (unless the biological process closes the race earlier). How can you predict the future?

          How long it has taken for Sudan to shake Al Bashir? How long did it take Egypt to remove Mubarek?

          seven to ten years, is that your estimate for IA to hand over Eritrea to Ethiopia and finish the job?

          ማህጸን ኤርትራውያን አደታት አኮ ማይ አይኮነን ዝጠንስ፡፡

          Berhe

          • Mez

            Dear Berhe Y,

            I presented some of my answers to Nitricc.

            Thanks

          • Mez

            Hi Berhe Y,

            I just replied to Nitricc of similar content.

            Thanks

        • Nitricc

          Hi Mez; mark my word; Five years. Exactly in five years PIA will give up power voluntarily. There is no and I don’t see any political opposition or armed forces challenging his power. I am saying this if his maker let him live that long. if he does and every one sit back count the years, Five!!!

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Nitricc,

            ስቅ ኢልካ ፋልሶ ጠንቃላይ ፡ ዓመት ዓመት ክጥንቁል ዓሪቡካ፡፡
            ዓመት ዓመት ዝጠንቆክላዮ ከይአኽለካስ ሕጂ ድማ ድሕሪ ሓሙሽተ ዓመት፡፡
            አብርሃም አፈዎርቂ፡ ዲግሪ ምስ ሰቀለ ድዩ ዝኸውን ዘሎ፡፡

            Why don’t you see what is happening in Sudan. Where did they get the political opposition or the armed forces all the sadden?

            Why are you so sure there isn’t such incident wouldn’t happen in Eritrea.

            Berhe

          • Selamat Berhe Y,

            Go to youtoub, search fo Eri tv then find the video of fenkel celebrations, In that video Isaias receives an African President I think from Gabon. Check out the stroll the two of them take on Gergusum beach and after you have done this ask this question to yourself:

            “Why are you so sure there isn’t such incident wouldn’t happen in Eritrea.”

            Just in case you are allergic to see the video by Eritreans in Eritrea because some how you get hives when you see Eri tv, I will tell you what you will see:

            A spontaneous swarming of the dictator of the entire sea side. It was as if Michael Jackson landed in their midst.

            While you are at it browse through a few of the documentaries there like that of the farmers at Foro and logo Anseba etc… Study
            the very people you claim to be fighting for in their natural element. You guys are so self centered and have been gazing how fast the diaspora opposition has been growing, congratulating yourselves and forgot to look at your primary subject matter. And the diaspora opposition is about to split right down the middle if not more. Wake up!

            tSAtSE

          • Berhe Y

            Hi tSAtSE,

            FYI, I did see that video you have mentioned. From time to time I do enjoy watching EriTV, unlike what you think about. I specially do really enjoy to watch the sport section, related to cycling specifically. When the tour of Africa was happening a couple of months ago, I got up at 3 AM to watch is. I love to see my country and my people thrive..it’s the only reason that I stayed focused on Eritrea.

            It’s by no means an indication that the president and they way he is running the country is accepted and approved by everyone in the country. You just saw a glimpse of what those people at that particular time experienced.

            It made me think to ask the following questions.

            1) Who in Eritrea today can go to Massawa and celebrate Fenkil? I am asking you because I don’t know.

            2) Are these people residents of Masswa?

            3) Are they the sons and daughters of the generals, are they the business owners…are they Ethiopians….I would guess the most majority may even be Ethiopian tourists who warship Isu.

            If he has that much love by his beoble (as Kadafi would say, my beoble love me), what’s he afraid of from implementing the constitution.

            All this Math and all these probablity’s nKemzi:)

            Berhe

          • Selamat Berhe Y,

            I am not talking about the Fenkil festivities. I am talking about the dictator taking a walk with another African head of state, In their walk they cross the section where people were sunbathing swimming and running around. Some one notices the dictator and then a spontaneous explosion of the people running towards the dictator as if they saw Jesus himself or Michael Jackson. Hundreds and hundreds of people of all different ages who were not at all expecting to see the guy and upon seen him every body converged on him to shake his hand, kiss him put some shell jewelry on him, The other African head of state was overwhelmed and visibly upset but your dictator was basking on the love his people were showering him SPONTANEOUSLY. Similarly, the videos of ordinary farmers seem to be content and tranquil with their lives and the profits they are reaping from their farms. In all the videos that I inspect carefully I trie to read discontent from the people but to no avail. Only time I saw some discontent was with people who were filing their taxes and their complaint was for the government to have available more tax processors. But the building was buzzing with folks holding their tax papers as if to say business is goooood.
            And yes the sports guys particularly the cycling no sign of discontent from those guys also. I suspect you skip the development documentaries because it puts the government in a positive light. I am not seeing any signs of discontent or a rush to get rid of the dictator any time soon. Any you guys have absolutely zero contact with the ordinary Eritrean citizens in Eritrea. The Eritrean Opposition in the diaspora is looking like a ratings competition of broadcasting companies flashing their latest visual effects capabilities. I have been meticulously studying every one including their body languages and state of mind. The Eritrean Opposition noise , yes it amounts only to noise from far away, is very bizarre. Delusional fits them all.
            So my friend, I ain’t happy with it but it seems we are stuck with the dude dictator for quite some time. This because of all the hogepoge garbage accumulation of Eritrean narrative the so called Eritrean Opposition has been amassing for decades.

            Either Isaias the dictator will keep dictating until however long he wishes or maybe just maybe the Eritreans are gonna push for closer integration with Ethiopia because they are sick of not having stronger people challenge the dictator.
            Also, the narratives against the dictator, all the he is a mole, he is an Ethiopian etc… may even push the dictator himself to deliver to the Eritrean opposition what they are wishing for.
            Speaking for my self all these narratives and anti Eritrean armed struggle where all credit is given to one man erasing the history of the heroes that makes one feel proud to be part of a society IS MAKING ME FEEL A LOT LESS ERITREAN. These narratives are 100% anti Eritrea and are a greater risk to Eritrean sovereignty than the feeble old dictator. You guys are more of a risk than anything I have experience my entire life as an Eritrean.
            The folks with a vendetta such as Ayya Amanuel and yourself have are wreaking havoc on Eritrea’s nationhood. You would not know Eritrean justice and just governance if it snuck behind you and bit you in the rear end. Go on and enjoy your cycling!

            tSAtSE

          • Berhe Y

            Hi tSAtSe,

            I know the you tube you are talking about and I saw it. Now, who do you think are most of the people at the location? Are they locals from Massawa? Are the Eritreans resident of Asmara that come to vacation? Are they Eritreans from Diaspora ? Are they Ethiopians visiting Eritrea? You depending who they are you will different reaction and feelings towards the man. I would not even be surprised if people / residents of Asmara storm him while he is taking a walk. It’s by no means an indication that all is well and all is good.

            What do you think the Forto incident was?

            What do you think the UofA incident was?

            What do you think the disabled incident was?

            What do you think the Akria incident was?

            Why don’t you get off the opposition. Kab Rusom wured BejaKa. They have not done anything to harm the ERITREAN people and the country. What ever they do is because of their concise, at least it’s clear. That’s what drive me. I never believe the PFDJ, EPLF or the ERITREAN people are an accompliance in the crimes of the dictator. He is with his very few Usubat are the only people that I target.

            He is NoT EPLF and he certainly is NOT Eritrea. Why do you take exposing him is reducing EPLF or Eritrea? What have said / wrote against EPLF or the country or the people.

            Here you are giving up already that after all sucrifice the ERITREAN people made, ready to submit to his whims and ready to surrender and accepting the loss of ERITREAN sovereignty. Never,Never.

            FYI, I am not member of any opposition group for no other reason but because lack of time and commitment. But by heart and soul I sympathize with them and I chose them (any one of them) as suppose to the devil we have at home.

            Have you seen the YouTube video of Eritreans sinking in the Mediterranean seas, dying in the deserts? Why do you think if they are so in love with this guy they chose HELL instead and leaving the dictator paradise.

            You want the truth there are two evidence that you should refer not made by the opposition you love to hate but by ERITREAN priests from inside Eritrea.

            The three catholic bishops from insudence
            The sermon given by certain Aba (from Segeneyti I think) calling in the government.

            Now you are going to tell us Isayas Afeworki developed cycling in Eritrea?

            Listen, go visit Eritrea first. Asmara keman riEKAya TifliT aytmeslin.

            You guys amaze me (you, MS, Nitricc) day and night you praise the guy but you can’t even set a foot. Like the rest of us opposition, you are waiting for his departure? What kind of hypocrisy is this?

            Berhe

          • Hashela

            tSAtSE

            Eri TV is feeding our people with highly selected images of “Our Suprem Leader”. This is 101 of the pontification ritual of dictators by their state media.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Berhe; only people with gumption and courage can only predict.
            PIA is human, he is in his 70. He cares about his legacy and he wants out with dignity intact. Remember; when you were up all night thinking how to fool the government Canada for your refuge case, PIA was all night up leading and stargazing a war and out maneuvering the Russian Generals. Ato Berhe; how about a little respect for the man who did everything, things you have no clue for? Again the difference is PIA was fighting to liberate a country and you were fighting to claim your welfare. the truth. Now have respect for the people who did something you never done.

          • Hashela

            Hi Nitricc

            Do you remember how old Mugabe, a friend of PIA, was before he was pushed from the Palace?

            Did it escape your attention PIA’s introduction of his son to Gulf states and Abiye?

          • Nitricc

            Did it escape your attention PIA’s introduction of his son to Gulf states and Abiye?

            Hi Hashela: what is wrong for PIA to introduce his son to anyone? I mean how do you guys read events? Go check and what they do other African president’s sons? It is his son he can introduce to anyone who wanted too. I really don’t understand. And regarding to your references to Mugabe; I guess I didn’t know that the people of Eritrea equates to the people of Zimbabwe. Please don’t undermine the people of Eritrea.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Nitrickay,

            Can you pls make compare and contrast between the two, to understand your statement? Something to learn or unlearn from it.

          • Hashela

            Hi Nitricc

            Making a such far-reachig projection without supplementing it with the obligatory confidence interval (uncertainty) and caveats, makes you less credible.
            Please share with us the key parametrization components of your projection model

          • Nitricc

            Hi Hashala; there is no telling what happens but me thinks that the first two years will take up complete demobilization and reintegration of the Army. the other two years will take up the writing and editing of the new constitution and the last and 5th year PIA will announce that it will be his final and the end of PIA era as you knew it. All this happen under his absolute control. if you have any better take let me hear it. And credibility has nothing to do in predicting the future at that Eritrea’s politics.

          • Mez

            Good day Nitricc,

            All what you said above plus: a) a year or so to slow down the migration wave from eritrea to Western countries, b) two to three years to digest the “meaning and essence” of peace with Ethiopia, c) four to five years to get substantial FDI and crank-start the eritrean balanced macro economy.

            Now if it will be (an evolution–what we are hopping for), or a revolution (which is less desirable for the country)–my calculation says at least seven years is going to pass…..

            Thanks

          • Hashela

            Mez

            Don’t be so shy. Mugabe was 93 when he happily handed over the power.
            By limiting PIA’s reign only to further 7 years, you are un-necessarily depriving us from the grace, magnaminty, dignity, and love that emanate from Him.

          • Mez

            Dear Nitricc,

            as always the questions will be 1) how? & 2) why?

            Thanks

      • sara

        dera/ tsatse,
        interesting comment that matches what most eri would say when confronted
        by an opposing compatriot, but wouldn’t it also be reasonable to say…hey..
        he is yes a dictator but…but he also is our own dictator etc.

  • Brhan

    Hello Aklilu,
    NSU became a butcher to his own colleagues before his foes.
    He has been able to do this ugly job because of the three points in my view:
    1) He was trained to do the ugly job…by his uncle Ras Soloman, the then Endrase Endlakachew and the Kagnew station with CIA reps… the guy was oriented to destroy a cause
    2) He joins ELF

  • aklilu zere

    Good day Awate Nation:

    This article was written and originally posted at my home base Awate.com. It was also translated and narrated in Radio assena [if I am not mistaken from South Africa].

    That was 12 Years Ago. 12 Long Years!

    I had posted many articles concerning NSU before and after this article. To mention some:

    -The Birth of despotism
    – Militarized Education
    – Psychological infestation and spiritual malaise
    – For a fistful of dollars [when Nsu accepted sick Australian Sheep]
    – The Black hole that devoured the light
    – 22 questions…etc…etc

    So if some of the critics want to know more about the current article they have a wealth of information in this venerable website to refer even though it is true for those who believe no proof is necessary and to those who don’t believe no proof is enough.

    I also challenge the critics , as eye witnesses, to scrutinize the actions of NSU since independence: killing disabled veterans [ he was not shy about it in an interview]; imprisonment of the G-15 and many of their wives [destroying their family unit] and the recent imprisonment of the finance minister and attempted murder of General Sbhat Ephraim.

    Now to my message:

    How many Good Eritrean paid with their LIFE; their BODY; their MIND; their ENERGY to make Eritrea INDEPENDENT and its people FREE. Civilians, ELF fighters, EPLF fighters and many others.

    Their Ghosts live with us: chastising us when we forget our duties and responsibilities. Encouraging us when we bear our duties and responsibilities.

    Following is a prologue written by Christana Baker Kline [Orpahan Train} and I modified it to our condition because I found it apt to our suffering and longing.

    ” We believe in ghosts. they are the ones who haunt us, the ones who have left us behind. Many times in our life we have felt them around us, Observing, Witnessing, When no one in the living world knew or cared what happened.

    Sometimes these spirits have been more real to us than people. They fill silence with their weight, dense and warm, like bread dough rising under cloth. Idris Awate, with his kind and keen eyes. Ibrahim Afa with his affable laughter. Weldedawit Temesghen with his thoughtful and funny speeches. Wedi Fenkil with his youthful and energetic enthusiasm. Aberash with her laser sharp mind. DR Iyob with his serious contemplation. Said Saleh with his cool demeanor. Melake Tekle with his determination. The bitterness, energy sapping duty, mental and physical fatigue are stripped away from these phantom incarnations, and they console and protect us in death as they never did in life.

    We have come to think that’s what Heaven is – a place in the memory of others where our best selves live on.

    No substitute for the living, perhaps, but we were not given choices. We could take solace in their presence or we could fall down in a heap, lamenting what we had lost.

    The Ghosts whispered to us, telling us to GO ON, MARCH FORWARD, GO ON”.

    Thank You

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Aklilu,

      A you put it in a crystal clear: “it is true for those who believe no proof is necessary and to those who don’t believe no proof is enough.” A notable closing statement for the deniers. Well done brother.

    • Selamat Aklilu Zere,

      Yes the ghost of Melake Tekle! Was it in Korokon point blank by Abdela Idris. Let me add the ghost of Solomon Yyfter! And should we go back all the way to the early sixties and list all of the fighters who lost their lives by friendly, more like brotherly, fire? I think we should. It is part of our history and we should own it. Given the total sum of lives both at the battle field and at the hands of their own brothers and add to that all the lives that were lost in the second war, a vengeance attitude of 2nd, 3rd, 4th round of revenge killings I think and believe IS NOT THE RECOMMENDATION FOR ERITREA – Not in the near or far future.

      Yes GO ON, MARCH FORWARD, GO ON! Eritreans shall!

      tSAtSE

  • Hameed Al-Arabi

    Ahlan All Awates,

    Dr. Meddamar – the loving, loyal and obedient slave – has praised his Emperor Haile Selassie for his, “Great statesmanship who made a monumental contribution to liberate Africa, his establishment of the African Organization Unity Center in Ethiopia and his purebred Pan-Africanism”. He has described him as a man with great legacy in African. Haile Selassie who failed to contribute any civilized legacy of governance to Ethiopia such as multiparty, freedom of speech and liberating Ethiopians from his slavery, how he becomes a monumental contributor in the liberation of Africa. Haile Selassie who declined to liberate his subjects would never be expected to liberate others; charity begins at home. Here, Dr. Meddamar was caught red-handed lying to the African leaders and the entire world by depicting him as statesman and monumental contributor in the liberation of Africa.

    Haile Selassie intension from building the African Center in Addis Ababa was to BRIBE the AFRICAN LEADERS from questioning or resisting the action he had taken against Eritrea that he swallowed in 1962 without the will of the Eritrean people. His purpose was never liberation of Africa or Pan-Africanism. With one of his hands, he was destroying multi-party, free press, independent judiciary system, constitution and parliament system in Eritrea, and with the other he was building the African Organization Unity Center as a bribe to beguile and appear as a liberator and full-blooded Pan-Africanist. I wonder, how a guy who demolished an existent monument of civilized kind of governance in Eritrea could be an icon of liberation, democracy and human rights activist.

    Dr. Meddamar speech in the African summit and his decision to erect Haile Selassie statue incarnated live on-the-air a sample of the process of manufacturing the 3000 years old fake history. He has made in front of our eyes watching a butcher and enslaver a statesman and a monumental contributor to the liberation of Africa. He didn’t speak about the role of Haile Selassie inside Ethiopia, because that is a pandora’s box. I thought, Dr. Meddamar is reforming modern Ethiopia, but it seems he is in the process of reforming additional fake history and garnishing for new dictatorship in Ethiopia.

    The African Organization Unity was set out as a bribe to African leader the reason that made her unsuccessful organization. The African peoples didn’t benefit iota from this organization in fulfilling their demands and aspirations, because it was built on the rubble of democracy, constitutional life, multiparty, freedom of press, parliamentary life and independent judiciary system that was existent in Eritrea at that period. The African peoples didn’t attain any advantage from this organization since its foundation. If there is anything of value this organization has contributed to the wellbeing of the African peoples, I hope someone to come out and inform us.

    Dr. Meddamar speech in the African leaders summit focused on economy and he summons for a vague integration. He divulged the drama he is playing in Ethiopia at present to bewitch Africans and the world at large. He released criminals from prisons to replace them with haphazard whimsy arrests. He set out to apply the ready-made accusation of corruption and terrorism to crush those who differ with him in opinion, exactly similar to the dictators in the continent. Dr. Meddamar eluded in his speech from speaking about the human rights issue in Africa; he continually shies it. This field seems to be against his aspiration either in Ethiopia or Africa. Some African dictators commenced their rule with assassination and mass annihilation, while others setout mildly, but with time changed to the worst dictators on the planet. It is noticed that Dr. Meddamar urgency is on economy and power grabbing identical to all dictators. He is preparing himself to be a notorious dictator in Africa and the world if he is not cut-short.

    Most probably setting up Haile Selassie statue is the ambition and request of Isaias. Haile Selassie for Isaias is very important; he appointed him to spy on the Eritrean revolution and destroy it from within. Isaias has succeeded in his mission that deserves commendations and praise from the worshipers of Haile Selassie. Unfortunately, most of Ethiopians consider him enslaver and brutal guy. Isaias doesn’t want to appear the agent of such kind of ugly picture; therefore, he suggested to Dr. Meddamar, who infatuates dictators, to build statue for Haile Selassie. An honored emperor will make Isaias a glorified person. Isaias polishes his background by erecting Haile Selassie statue so as to appear descendent of heroes, while he was erasing genuine history of the Eritrean patriots.

    References of the butcher and enslaver:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SJo0IwzYgAU
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MgKrFYUZfpw
    ttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9P3xwc1fcM0&index=1&list=RD9P3xwc1fcM0

    Al-Arabi

    • Hameed Al-Arabi

      Ahlan All Awates,

      Emperor Haile Selassie’s African Center in Addis Ababa was a bribe to the leaders of Africa. Haile Selassie proposed to the African leaders to maintain colonial borders and strongly warned them from contemplating about re-drawing the borders. He indicated that drawing borders again might bring many conflicts in the entire continent. The main fear of Haile Selassie was not about conflicts might occur in Africa, but his principal concern was about his fragile country. A country that is composed by force backed by the white man from different peoples who do not have common culture. I think, it is now understood clearly that most of the conflicts in Africa are due to the wrong division by colonialists. If the leaders of Africa agreed decades ago to re-draw countries again, most of the problems of Africa would have been settled a long time ago.

      Haile Selassie was not a monumental contributor in the liberation of Africa, but he was a bane of the African peoples. He is the source of all African wretchedness. The resolution that maintained colonial borders is the principal source of most African problems.

      Al-Arabi

  • Paulos

    ሰላም ብሩኻት ህዝበይ,

    ብርጭቆ ሰራሕተኛና እያ ኔራ፣ ንፍዕትን ፍጥንትን ሰራሕተኛ’እኳ ተነበረት፣ ጠባያ’ግን ተቓያያራይ እዩ ኔሩ፣
    ዓባየይ እንታይ እዮ እዚ ጠባይኪ ውልዕ ጥፍእ ዝብል፣ ዘይንፈልጦ ቆለ ኣለኪ መስለኒ ክትብላ ይዝከረኒ።

    ሓደ ማዓልቲ ንበርበረ ዝኸውን ቅመማት እንዳዳለወት ከላ፣ ተበሪህዋ ስለዝነበረ ከምዚ’ላ ክትደርፍ ጀመረት:

    ኣዋልድ ዓድና
    ኪዳ ዕበዳ
    ኣብ ላዕሊ
    ሰማይ’ዶ
    ኣሎ ሜዳ

    ጽንሕ ኢላ ግን እንታይ ከምዝመጻ፣ ደርፊ ቐይራ ከምዚ’ላ ክትደርፍ ጀመረት:

    ማርያም ተለመኒ
    ተለመን’የ
    ጎበዝ ይነብዕ’ኣሎ
    ኣብ ጎደና ኾይኑ’የ

    ሓወቦይ ምራጭ ክትደርፍ’ከላ ይሰምዓ ስለዝነበረ ገሪምዎ፣ ከምዚ ክብል ተዛረባ፣ ብርጭቆ- ተሓጉሽኪ ክትደርፊ ጸኒሕክስ ብሓንሳብ ናብ ምቑዛም ኣቲኺ፣ ናይዚ ብልሓት እንታይ ይባሃል በላ። ንሳ’ኻኣ ትቕብል ኣቢላ፣ ኣነ ‘እንታይ ፈሊጠ ሓትነይ ሓጎሳ ናይ ኣቦኺ ጠባይ ኢኺ ወሲድኪ ትብለኒ ኔራ።

    ናይ ዘርኢ ክኸውን ይኽእል ግን ምስቲ ቅመም ትሰርሕዮ ዘለኺ ተማሳሳሊ ቅመማት ንጠባይና ዝጸሉ ኣብ ሓንጎልና ዝካየድ ቅመማቅመም ‘ኣሎ በላ። ዓባየይ ነዚ ሰሚዓ፣ ምራጭ- ‘ዛቖልዓ ግደፋንዶ ስርሓ ትግበር በለቶ። ሓወቦይ ግን ናይ’ዓባየይ ዘረባ ከይዓጀቦ ከምዚ ክብል ዘረብኡ ቀጸለ…

    እቶም ቀነዲ ንጠባይና ማለት ብናይ ፈረንጂ ኣባሃህላ ሙድ [Mood] ዝብልዎ ዝጸልው ክልተ ቅመማት ኣለው። ንሳቶም’ካኣ:

    1. ዶፓምን [Dopamine]
    2. ሰሮትንን [Serotonin]

    ይባሃሉ፣ ንሎሚ’ግን ናይ’ታ ቀዳማይቲ ጥራሕ ክንርኢ ኢና፣ ናብኡ ቅድሚ ምእታውና ግን ብዛዕባ ፕሮቲን መሰረታዊ ነገር ክንዕዘብ የድልየና እዩ። ማለት ፕሮቲን ክንብል ከለና፣ ብብዙሓት ኣሚኖኣሲድስ [Amino Acids] ከም ሰንሰለት ታኣሳሲሮም ዝሰርሕዎ ዓቢ ቅመም እዩ፣ ብሓፈሸ ገለ 20 ዝኾኑ ዝተፋላለዩ ኣሚኖ ኣሲድስ ኣለው፣ ዝተፋላለዮ ክንብል ከለና እንታይ ማለት’ዩ፣ ገሊኦሞ ኣሚኖኣሲድስ ኣሲድስ [Acids] እዮም፣ ማለት፣ ኣብ ከሚካል ርኣክሽን [Chemical Reaction] ሃይድሮጅን ኣዮን [Hydrogen Ion] ይቶኽቡ፣ ገሊኦም ኣሚኖኣሲድስ ኣብ ግዜ ኬሚካል ሪኣክሽን ናይ በይዝ [Base] ጠባይ የርእዩ፣ ማለት ሃይድሮጅን ኣዮን ይቕበሉ፣ ገሊኦም ኣሚኖኣሲድስ ካኣ ወይ ፖስቲቭ ኤለትሪክ ቻርጅ ኣለዎም፣ ገሊኦም ነግቲቭ ኤለክትሪክ ቻርጅ ኣለዎም፣ ገሊኦም ካኣ ዓዲ’ብሎም ዓውዲ’ብሎም ንውትራል [Neutral] እዮም። ናይ ኣሚኖኣሲድስ ኣብ ዶፓሚን ኣድላይነቱ ቀጺልና ክንርእዮ ኢና።

    ቅድሚ ናብኡ ምእታውና’ግን ይብል ሓወቦይ፣ ናይ ሓደ ሰብኣይ ከኩል [Kekule] ዝተባህለ ጀርመናዊ ናይ ቅመማቅመም ሊቅ ዝነበረ ሓጻር ታሪኽ ከዘንትወልኪ፣ ቀጽሉ ዳሓን ይሰምዓኩም ኣለኹ ትብሎ ብርጭቆ።

    ሓደ ለይቲ: ከኩል ብሕልሙ ተመን ልክዕ ከም ቀለቤት ርእሱን ጭርኡን ተላጊቡ ርእየ ይብል፣ ምርኣይ ጥራሕ ዘይኮነ፣ ናይ በንዚን [Benzene] ሞለኲላር ሰትራክቸር [Molecular Structure] ምዃኑ ተገሊጹለይ በለ።

    ድሕሪኡ ከምተራጋገጸ፣ በንዚን ናይ ባሓቂ 6 ኩርናዓት ዘለዎ ቀለቤት ኮይኑ ጸኒሐ፣ ኣብ ነብስወከፍ ኩርናዕ እንታይ’ኣሎ ተልና፣ ካርቦንን ሃይድሮጅንን [Carbon and Hydrogen] ተላጊቦም ንርኢ፣ ሕጂ ኣብዝኾነ ናይቶም 6 ኩርናዓት፣ ሐደ ሃይድሮ-ኦክሳይድ [OH-] ተወሲኽና፣ እቲ በንዚን ናብ ፌኖል [Phenol] ዝባሃል ይቕየር፣ እዚኣ ዘክርያ ኣድላይት’ያ ይብላ ሓወቦይ ንብርጭቆ።

    ሕጂ ናብቶም 20 ኣሚኖኣሲድስ ተመሊስና ተሪኢና፣ ሓደ ካብኣቶም ኣላንን [Alanine] ዝባሃል ንርኢ፣ ነዚ ኣላንን ምስቲ ኣብ ላዕሊ ዝጠቐስናዮ ፊኖል እንተ ሐዊስናዮ፣ ሓደ ፈኒል-ኣለንን [Phenylalanine] ዝተባህለ ሓድሽ ቅመም ንረከብ።

    ሕጂ በብደረጅኡ ነዚ ፈኒል-ኣለንን ገለ እንዳወሰኽናሉ ገለ እንዳ’ጉደልናሉ ክንከይድ ከለና እንታይ ከምዝህበና ክንርኢ ኢና፣ ማለት ተማሳሳሊ ምስዚ ትቀማምይዮ ዘለኺ ማለት’ዩ ይብላ ንብርጭቆ።

    ሓደ ሓድሽ [OH-] ን’ፈኒልኣለኒን እንተወሲኽናሉ፣ ናብ ትሮሲን [Tyrosine] ዝተባህለ ቅመም ይቕየር።

    መሊስና ነዚ ቲሮስን ካልእ [OH-] እንተወሰኽናሉ ናብ ኤል-ዶፓ [L-Dopa] ዝተባህለ ቅመም ይቕየር።

    ሕጂ ካብዚ ኤል-ዶፓ ዝተባህለ እንድሕር ካርቦን-ዳይ-ኦክሳይድ [CO(2)] ኣውጺእና፣ እቲ መጀመረታ ንናይ ሓጎስ ስሚዒትና ይቋጻጸሮ ዝበልናዮ ዶፓምን [Dopamine] ዝተባህለ ቅመም ንረክብ።

    ርኢኺ ይብላ ሓወቦይ: ከምዛ ንስኺ በርበረ ክትቀማምሚ ዝተፈላለዩ ነገራት ትጥቀሚ ዘለኺ፣ ነብስና’ውን ከምኡ፣ እዚኣ እንዳ ወሰኸ፣ እትኣ እንዳጉደለ እዩ፣ ንጠባይና ይኹን፣ ንድቃስና ይኹን፣ ንዕግበትናን ጥሜትናን ዝቋጻጸሮ።

    • Haile S.

      Selam Paul,

      Where you incidentally a student of Getachew Bolodia in biochemistry? You present things like him, especially if you come next time with Kreb’s cycle inside his ጀበና.
      It is inspiring and refreshing to read your demystification of amino acid chemistry. No student thought in this way would hate biochemistry or forget this lecture. Amazing!

      • Paulos

        Selam Hailat,

        Glad you like it. I have heard great deal about Professor Bolodia and he is like an urban legend but I was never in his class. As you know, Biochemistry is a language in its own right and more often, it depends on the person as well where some people seem to have natural tendency of liking it.

        Sure will do Kreb’s cycle as per ሓወቦይ ምራጭ’s story lines. Thanks again Hailat.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Dr Paulos,

      You are a good professor of Biochemistry in the Awate University. You reminded me about my Chinese professor of “clinical chemistry” or sometimes is known as “Clinical biochemistry” an area of clinical of pathology that deals with analysis of body fluids, in the college of pharmacy. His name was Cesar Lau-Cam. He was an excellent professor, but when it comes to his exam no one want to be part of his class. A class that start with 40 students ends with 5 student by the end of the semister. A top-notch professor. I foresee you in his league. Keep up. You are presenting it in a very simplistic way, that any college grad will enjoy it.

      • Paulos

        Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

        Thank you. I am sure you were one of the five remaining students with solid A+ all the way through.

        As you have aptly put it, Biochemistry is not an easy feat to say the least. The key is as you know, getting and understanding the basics and build on them as you go up. Thanks again.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Dr Paulos,

          Yes I was one of them, but no body get an “A” in his class. But I was one of the two top with “B”.

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam Solomon,

    Aklilu has given us his account about the “action and inaction” of the evil man in detail. What the rest of us have to do if we are not convinced, make our own research with other EPLF fighters. There are plenty of them in the diaspora who were in different levels of the leadership of the organization. The “burden of disproving” is on you guys who are in disbelief to disprove argument by argument with verifiable info. And those of us who believe on Aklilu’s argument will try to go further to dig out, how worse it was beyond the report of our “Branna.” What you have to argue now is, Dr Iyob wasn’t killed, Bitsay Goitom wasn’t killed, Solomon woldemariam wasn’t murdered, wedi Lebsu wasn’t scaled with boiling water, Wedi Municipio wasn’t buried alive……and so on.

    The report whether they are from personal witness or from collecting his colleagues, you have the burden to disprove it. Otherwise, simply dismissing as a lie, doesn’t make you rationale and inquisitive for knowing. Aklilu has given you some accounts that help to dig out to know the truth. Aklilu can not give you full account, he can only give you what he knew and found out. Do your own diligence to find the truth.

    • Selamat Ayya Amanuel Hidrat,

      The questions I have asked are there for you to read. In my inquiry I did not say they were lies. I simply asked for further detail. For example, I would like to know the details of Wedi Libsu being scalded by boiling water. The claims of the author are very specific and I am simply requesting for the specifics of the victims so that I can deduce for my self wether or not these victims are victims of a theater or an industry which produced mayhem death and pain to begin with. It is you, in order to shove down the throats of the audience your message that is utilizing the further line by line inquiry, which incidentally you encouraged, as if I am saying they are lies. If Aklilu Zere simply collected his data by word of mouth from other people or from historical accounts written elsewhere, then we can’t accept essay as the testimony of a witness to crimes. The sources of the testimonies should be know so that they too can be scrutinized in detail and their authenticities.

      The victims you have repeated and all the liquidations of the MenkaE and others, it is up to the people to rationalize them as the overall cost of liberating Eritrea. I beg your pardon if I do not accept the testimony as gospel and say Amen. I can not feel the same way you feel because I was not a participant in the power struggles of meda nor did I participate and or loose a fellow fighter in the civil war that occurred between the EPLF and ELF. I do however understand your personal outrage. With a less outraged state of mind I am merely requesting for more details of crimes attributed to specific persons by a potentially eyewitness account so that I can assess the dynamics of the armed struggle for myself. I am very knowledgeable of Isais capacity of liquidating and purging since I lived through the chapter of G15 who may be deceased and are certainly languishing in prisons unjustly.

      In the end Aklilu Zere’s essay’s audience were folks like you veteran Eritreans liberation fighters who need lots of healing. And an objective inquiry and assessments and conclusions can play a role in that healing. Saddened by the loss of Eritrean lives in the Eritrean fields, I personally view them as part of the total loss with those who fell in battle fighting the enemy. Aklilu Zere should be more than capable to respond to my inquiries with honesty if he can. If he simply collected the data from other sources and he is not able to elaborate, then I assure you of my reaching an unbiased conclusion regarding his essay.

      tSAtSE

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Solomon,

        You are right Aklilu is more than capable to respond to you. Since you addressed your comment to three of us, I tried on my side. Do you have to address to three of us, if you were waiting a response from Aklilu only? Then you were wrong to include me in addressing your question. Anyway, the “burden to disprove” is still remains with you on the findings of the “Branna” as reported. That is the only I can say at this point.

        • Selamat Ayya Amanuel Hidrat,

          Again, you must not be reading what I am writing you. I addressed you and Berhe Y because both of you were reacting to what I wrote to Lamek. I understand that you do not like long hattetas and you may feel that information is one way, top down, but it would be best that we actually have a dialogue instead of sending one way commands.
          Aklilu Zere has mentioned the same names from Wedi Giorgios 19 pages account. And there are others out there accusing the EPLF of murdering Yemane Barya, Abraham Afeworki, Dr. RuEsom and Wedi Giorgio. So I do have most of my answers from other sources.
          In reversal of position, now, I am all for everyone to give their accounts of the history of Isaias Afeworki and the EPLF and even ELF. That generation should be busy writing Eritrea’s history from first account. The rest of us will be able to sift, analyze and put into proper perspective and finally render an unbiased conclusion the Eritrea’s Armed Struggle. So by all means, may the Aklilu Zeres multiply. We need more material, more data and more feelings from the actors of the revolution. The clean up we can do. Thank you.

          tSAtSE

  • said

    Greeting Simon Kaleab
    I do not know your understanding and your basic knowledge about Islamas. Eritrean you should know more Enlightened and know better and your comment of stereotyping Muslim , it sound like soundbite and reductionism of muslim is not well observed (I have also observed that not all Muslims are terrorists, but a lot of terrorists are Muslims.) killing any Soul is forbidding in Islam regardless.
    Because of that, We decreed upon the Children of Israel that whoever kills a Soul unless for a soul or for corruption [done] in the land – it is as if he had slain mankind entirely. And whoever saves one – it is as if he had saved mankind entirely. And our Messengers had certainly come to them with clear proofs. Then indeed many of them, [even] after that, throughout the land, were transgressors. Quran (5:32)
    Natana DeLong-Bas is assistant professor at the Boston College theology department. And the Common beliefs and scriptural ties between Islam and Christianity. Specific attention is given to the status of Jesus and where Muslims and Christians Pls find link Presented by Natana J. DeLong-Bas
    https://www.bc.edu/bc-web/schools/stm/sites/encore/main/2015/islam-catholics.html

    • Simon Kaleab

      Selam said,

      “unless … corruption [done] in the land”

      Who decides on what ‘corruption’ means?

      Then we have:

      Surah 9:5 – And when the sacred months have passed, then kill the polytheists wherever you find them and capture them and besiege them and sit in wait for them at every place of ambush. But if they should repent, establish prayer, and give zakah, let them [go] on their way. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.

      Surah 9:29 – Fight those who do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day and who do not consider unlawful what Allah and His Messenger have made unlawful and
      who do not adopt the religion of truth from those who were given the Scripture – [fight] until they give the jizyah willingly while they are humbled.

      These sound very friendly?

      • said

        Greeting
        Simon Kaleab
        The surah 9:5 Kill the disbelievers wherever you find them.
        This ayah has been misquoted . First, the verse in its context: This very short video will give you brief explanation by Non Muslim Jewish and agnostic Lesley Hazleton World renowned speaker
        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kQOIXuw1gFw
        9:5-6
        But when the forbidden months are past, then fight and slay the Pagans wherever ye find them, an seize them, beleaguer them, and lie in wait for them in every stratagem (of war); but if they repent, and establish regular prayers and practise regular charity, then open the way for them: for Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful. If one amongst the Pagans ask thee for asylum, grant it to him, so that he may hear the word of Allah. and then escort him to where he can be secure. That is because they are men without knowledge.
        This verse was revealed towards the end of the revelation period and relates to a limited context. however, if they were to resume hostilities, then the Muslims would fight back until victorious. One is inspired to note that even in this context of war, the verse concludes by emphasizing the divine attributes of mercy and forgiveness. To minimize hostilities, the Qur’an ordered Muslims to grant asylum to anyone, even an enemy, who sought refuge. Asylum would be granted according to the customs of chivalry; the person would be told the message of the Qur’an but not coerced into accepting that message. Thereafter, he or she would be escorted to safety regardless of his or her religion.
        Therefore, this verse once again refers to those pagans who would continue to fight after the period of peace. It clearly commands the Muslims to protect those who seek peace and are non-combatants. It is a specific verse with a specific ruling and can in no way be applied to general situations. The command of the verse was only to be applied in the event of a battle. As Abdullah Yusuf Ali writes:
        The emphasis is on the first clause: it is only when the four months of grace are past, and the other party show no sign of desisting from their treacherous design by right conduct, that the state of war supervenes – between Faith and Unfaith. (Yusuf Ali, The Holy Qur’an, Text, Translation and Commentary, emphasis added) which army General will ever tell his soldiers, that if the enemy soldiers want peace during a battle, don’t just let them go free, but also escort them to a place of security? This is exactly what Allah (swt) says in the Glorious Qur’an to promote peace in the world.

        Do your best and try to avoid these kind of questions since your question sounded not sincere to start with I sent you long Video link that basically explain most basic . take on the context, instead of just picking one line and misinterpreting it. this Surah was revealed when Mecca was still under the control of Mushrikeen ( the pagan of Mecca polytheists) Muslims had treaty with polytheists (Treaty of Hudaybiyyah) which was signed 3 years ago which promised 10 years of peace, but First polytheists broke the treaty by attacking and killed Bedouin of Khuza’a, and Surah At-Tawbah was the declaration of disassociation with all of them and ending of those treaties because of the breach of treaty. polytheists have (4 months to travel and find a sanctuary) Surah Al-Baqarah 2:191). the Verse of you quoted was to make sure that it abrogated every treaty, every term with any (idolator and polytheistsof Arab of Mecca ). You have to remember the context again, this verse is being recited publicly by Ali ibn Abu Talib (ra) to polytheists th of Mecca and letting them know what is commanded of them to do after the 4 months probation has ended.
        the verse above has qualified it to refer to the Pagan Arabs of Mecca who were actually at war with Muslim and those who broke their covenants of peace. This is further emphasized a few verses later where Allah says:
        “Will you not fight people who broke their covenants and plotted to expel the Messenger and attacked you first?” [Sûrah al-Tawbah: 13] (SOURCE)

        • Simon Kaleab

          Selam said,

          You gave your own very CREATIVE interpretation of the two Surahs.
          Try to convince Abu Bakr al Baghdadi [Ph.D. in Islamic studies].

          • said

            Selam Semon
            The interpretation is very clear . Again you are absolutely wrong, I do not give my own interpretation I am not qualified to do so and I give you a link video, there is no way I can give CREATIVE interpretation of the two Surahs ,this your own assumption, I give link to make your conclusion if you wish so ,understanding of the suar and for that matter and I only give quotation from sources , .you do not need to go this low . I do need to know any sick man interpretation and being refuted and fully disqualified by all Muslim scholar worldwide and I give you qualified interpretation and link by non Muslim as to not to be one side , you have an agnostic Lesley Hazleton and earlier link Christian professor Natana DeLong-Bas .if this will not make you understand the meaning about sura ,then do not try find and search for other explanation. I hope this will do

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Said,

            So, you claim that you are not qualified but the two non-Muslim women are? Very crafty.

            But still, you need to convince Abu Bakr al Baghdadi [Ph.D. in Islamic studies].

          • said

            Selam Semon
            Natana DeLong-Bas she is theologian and daughter of a Christian pastor, I give you those two name as reference and not Muslim scholar for a purpose of explanation and this two, they have more weight .you can chose to give a sick name and totally refuted by Muslim scholar and name giving that might agree and suite your opinion and to make invalide and false point .One of the fundamental truths established by the sacred texts is that no one can be compelled to accept Islam Among the many decisive pieces of evidence in this regard are the following. God says: “Let there be no compulsion in religion. Quran 2:256 There is no place for the use of weapons to compel people to accept Islam. if you are seriously and interested to know the sura interpretation. Pls find the link in comparative of religion http://comparativreligion.blogspot.com/2012/11/quran-95-kill-disbelievers-wherever-you.html

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam said,

            Surah 16:101 – When We substitute one revelation for another, – and Allah knows best what He reveals (in stages),– they say, “Thou art but a forger”: but most of them understand not.

            Therefore, by the principle of Naskh [abrogation], the later verses 9:5 and 9:29 abrogate the earlier verse 2:256.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Simon,

            Do not be surprised that in all religious books you will see plenty of contradictory verses. If one argue with one verse the othe other tries to disprove it with another verses from the same book. There is no prove of rationalized arguments with faith related premises. Leave religious dictums to religious believers, however they comprehend them for their spiritual lives.

          • Hope

            Selamat Simon:
            The best option is to end debating on these kind of sensitive topics.
            We all know know what Sharia Law says.
            Ustaz said cannot change that or convince us otherwise.

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Hope,

            Eritrea should not be a house built on sand. Rather than pushing issues under the carpet, it is better to discuss matters openly and honestly. Don’t you think?

          • Brhan

            Hi Simon Kaleab,
            Just read Hadas Eritrea advertising section and you will see Sharia court date appointments …this is for your review

          • Brhan

            Hi Hope,
            Just read Hadas Eritrea advertising section and you will see Sharia court date appointments …this is for your review

          • Brhan

            Hello Simon,
            There is Sharia court observing a case in Asmara right now as I write you this comment

      • Blink

        Dear Simon
        You know religion can’t be debated based on facts about what it claims and religion as we know has no space researched reason at all. What Said and people like him who are outrageously priced to be apologists is all irrational .

        Said will approve stoning if his daughter married a Jews man or if his son changed his religion to something other . Believe me the youth of Middle East are sandwiched by all lies over lies so it is not rare to see a western grown young man from a Muslim family travel from London , California all the way to ISS camp to find his best government ever dreamed in this earth, I say this with full knowledge of what I know from the Origin . Take my word because I am not talking as new to it . Once the Middle East women free themselves from a man driven world , you will see the sun shine day and night over the ME great thinkers cemetery. The ME lost so many great scholars not thinking about what will happen in our generation.

        • Simon Kaleab

          Selam Blink,

          In the Muslim Arab world, ‘liberating’ Jerusalem is an obsession and more important than spreading modern education, providing universal health care and alleviating poverty.

          • Blink

            Dear Simon
            You nailed it sir , I don’t want to add any thing to it .

          • said

            Hi Semon,
            Many great and proud Jewish lineage in their name will not agree with you ; Israel Shahak, Noam Chomsky, Norman Finkelstein, Ilan Pappe, Gilad Atzmon, Uri Avnery and many others . Most of the biggest names are Jews, many of them Holocaust survivors and they horrified and find the link
            https://www.counterpunch.org/2019/02/22/ilhan-omar-owes-no-apologies-apologies-are-owed-her/

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam said,

            Do these individuals support a high degree of obsession with Jerusalem?

          • said

            Selam Semon,
            Your comment about Arab world, ‘liberating’ Jerusalem is an obsession;
            May be you want to read and you might agree with the Rabbis comment . How-the-rule-of-the-rabbis-is-fueling-war .The article by Jonathan Cook is a writer and journalist based in Nazareth. Pls find the link
            https://original.antiwar.com/cook/2019/02/22/how-the-rule-of-the-rabbis-is-fueling-a-holy-war-in-israel/

          • Brhan

            In the Muslim Arab world …do you mean Dubai?

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Brhan,

            Is Dubai Silicon Valley?

            You need to start from scratch, by making, zips, buttons, nails … in the factories. No shortcuts and superficial transplants.

          • Brhan

            Selam Simon,
            As I write you this comment , hundreds of Eritreans are working in this Muslim Arab world city to help themselves and their families back home….the same goes to Doha, Jeddah,,,and Khartoum , the second home of thousands and thousands of Eritreans …as well as Cairo….it can be hard to thank some one but it is not hard to tell the truth

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Brhan,

            Does this prove that Dubai, Cairo, Doha, Khartoum and Jeddah are similar to Silcon Valley, hubs of invention and innovation? You need to start thinking logically.

          • Brhan

            Hi Simon,

            But this proves that you do not care about Eritreans,

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Brhan,

            How do you want an Al-Jizani to care about Eritreans? He is in a mission to annihilate them. He is a guy like Satan who opposes God to create such kind of people. It seems, he created himself.

            Al-Arabi

          • Brhan

            Hello Hamid
            The problem with Simon is his syndrome … Muslim and Arab syndrome ….but do you mean Tesfassein

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Brhan,

            Yes you are right, I mean Tesfassein.

            Al-Arabi

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Brhan,

            What has this got to do with caring about Eritreans?

            It seems that you have switched off from thinking.

          • Brhan

            Hello Simon,
            It has to do with caring about Eritreans ….because among those countries you degraded: the Arab Muslim countries ,, are caring to thousand and thousand Eritreans Eritreans refugees, workers , students.

  • Haile S.

    Dear Awate people,

    The various news coming on the meeting and agreements between Ethiopia and Eritrea is almost one directional, from the Ethiopian side. The recent divergent messages coming from Ethiopian authorities on signing and non-signing of agreements has become a multi-gold and multi-waxed affaire. It looks like the Ethiopian side wants to unload the heavy load it is carrying, while the Eritrean side is still pushing to bury whatever it carries. Of especial interest is the short, but message-full interview of the Mr Tadesse Chaffo, the porte-parole of the Ethiopian house of representatives or Assembly. His interview and the various talks PMAA recently gave internally and externally raises several questions.

    – Is Ethiopia discussing with an Eritrean rebel group or with a government?
    – Is the Eritrean regime more comfortable to act as rebel group than a government, proportional to the incompetency it has reduced its administration and institutions?
    – Is Mr Tadesse Chaffo’s reference to the non-signing of agreement, a cover giving time to those who want to keep it absolutely secret or is he signaling a message to the Eritrean side telling them Ethiopia needs to ratify every agreement through its house of reps, and Eritrea needs to have the same and do the same. When he repeatedly mentions “people to people”, is there a wax and gold in it.
    – To the detractors who reclaim solution oriented debate, pointing to the right problem is part of the solution. And the regime has never given an inflexion point to the internal problems that continues to ravage the country. The question is, how is defending a regime by finding multiple pretext going to incite the regime to change especially when it nevers stops backing up from the slightest hope that it will do something positive and never shows a solid gesture towards? Is the regime waiting for immediate official declaration of praise by those opposing it (almost every Eritrean) in order to drop its manna of positive signal for internal change?
    Thank you for reflecting on this.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Hailat,

      The Ethiopian government has a legal constitutional structure to sign and to ratify bilateral or multilateral agreements. The Eritrean side, (even though we are told by his supporters that the dictator we have, whether he has a legitimate institutions or not it is a force to reckon to go forward) there is no any legitimate structure that makes any agreement a “sustainable agreement” that could be enforceable by any future legitimate government of Eritrea.

      When Mr Tadesse Chaffo referred to the “signed agreement” by the two leaders as “non-signed” he is alluding that, if it is not ratified by the “legislative body” of the Ethiopian government, it is not a done deal agreement. So there is no any contradictory remark on his side, as far as it is not ratified yet. The problem is on the Eritrean side,!that there is no compatible institutionalized body that legitimize the agreement that makes it feasible for now and the future.

      The question remains, can the Ethiopian government go forward knowing the nature of the Eritrean Government and the fate of the agreement after the despot? Or are they taking this agreement of the two leaders, as a “camouflaged agreement” in an effort to slowly dismantling the sovereignty of Eritrea and to bring it to their loop? Time will tell where the opaque non transparent agreement will take us.

      Now, to the “cheering forces” of the agreement, in the hope not only to bring the peace of the two people, but also to cooperate in economic advancement of the two nations, I will tell you this: There will be no “peace” without the “demarcation” of the border, and there will no “economic cooperation” without transparent and legitimate agreements.

      Finally, to my Eritrean brothers and sisters, dictators do not make detours to change their principles and their policy. Because, they know if they do, it is detrimental to their existence. So they continue with the same strategy and tactics that maintain their survival. So stop to “venture in to a hope” that Issayas will change his heart one day after his bloody hand for decades. Stop this unrealistic dreams. With dictators, you fight to remove them and not to reconcile with them. That is the formula.

      • Haile S.

        Thank you, Emma,

        Well put! If every able was as resolute as you (I am saying this with admiration), a solution would have been born already. Hopefully, it will. Now, the hope that most entertain, including myself, is not a real one, just lack of anything else.

        This paragraph of yours is the the key to everything that comes next – “The question remains: can the Ethiopian government go forward knowing the nature of the Eritrean Government and the fate of the agreement after the despot? Or are they taking this agreement of the two leaders, as a “camouflaged agreement” in an effort to slowly dismantling the sovereignty of Eritrea and to bring it to their loop? Time will tell where the opaque non transparent agreement will take us.”

        Do you read anything on the Ethiopian side attempting to convince the Eritrean regime it do something that makes the agreement public endorsed agreement or just go with what IA does, because it is ultimately to their advantage?

        Days ago I think I read a comment saying, “every government is different”, meaning, the Eritrean one is a legitimate one that can finalize agreements without problems. Your take on the legitimacy is clear. We should also not forget that Eritrea had an assembly that was dismantled by IA. The way I see the regime functioning is that, it considers itself the only liberator that still is liberating and finally completing its responsibility through this agreement, which as you said will always be challenged if it goes through.

        • Paulos

          Selam Hailat,

          The regime is reinforcing legitimacy through a brute force and with shenanigan claptrap as well. Perhaps it doesn’t make any dent at all on the people in Eritrea as opposed to the Diaspora as someone who had left Eritrea for good a year or so ago put it, almost all the Eritrean people in Eritrea are hoping and praying only and only for one crucial factor to happen and that is to see the man at the helm expire. He went on to say that, the people have given up on Eritrea let alone to analyse what the man had said or signed into. They are just hanging on on one hope, to see him gone for good.

          That is to say, what Isaias had said or if he is in fact conspiring either with Abiy or the regimes across the sea has become a luxury for the rest of us here in diaspora as we remain aloof to the murmurs of the people back in Eritrea. As much as I concur with the resigned self of the people, I say, the only solution is, the man needs to leave power for the rest is irrelevant at best.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Hailat,

          No I haven’t read anything on the Ethiopian side attempting to convince the despot to make the “agreement” to be “public endorsed agreement.” However, there are many questions raised from the Ethiopian intellectuals how will they deal with unconstitutional government that couldn’t get public endorsement.

          Hailat, there are two universal understanding in politics (a) Dictators do not lend ears to common sense and rationalities of due process. The Ethiopian government and Ethiopian elites do understand this dictum, and I don’t think from the behavior of our despot will make an effort to convince him (b) Leaders thrives for the interest of their nations and their people. The Ethiopian leaders, if they have hope to have their own port ( as team Lemma dreams) and if the current agreement opens for such dreams, they will diligently pursue it. That is where “you and me” differ in assessing the agreement, its process, and the possible consequences of it. Add to it the continuous remarks we are hearing “borders are artificial” we don’t rush to demarcate them as if we don’t bleed for un demarcated borders.

          • Haile S.

            Selam Emma,

            For me the most important aspect of the present exchanges with Ethiopia is the absence of among Eritreans of a certain consensual understanding. The regime is in power; therefore our expectation is expressed saying ‘if they do this and that’, and that is expected. If the regime change policy of the previous Ethiopian administration had succeeded, I am not sure if we would have been in a different situation on the border issue and more important the inter-Eritrean consensus. Lets hope and dream, the heavy weights of the pro-PFDJ living outside and of all other camps who oppose him reflect and come together in search of certain understanding that leads to a historical ‘paix des braves’.

    • Mez

      Dear Haile S,

      I generally assume the two governments, for now, may focus on urgent basic issues such as 1) currency swapping mechanisms, 2) flows of goods and services across the boarder, 3) cross border trade, 4) use of ports by ethiopia (like the case with djbouti or Sudan), 5) taxation of respective goods, companies, 6) avoidance of double taxation of citizens.

      Most of the above stated items may require regular update by the relevant authorities from both countries; the market also may fluctuate and adjust itself mostly/ or at times.

      All of the above could start in a minimal and mutually acceptable form and content.

      Strategic relationship such as muchual pact (defence, unlimited access to job markets of the respective countries, unified monetary regime, fine tuned import/export policy implementation, etc….) needs more sound government and governance in both countries.

      If you ask me, at this time, non of the two have an all inclusive government; both are in a political transition albeit different stages.

      Thanks

  • Mahmud Saleh

    Selam All

    ካብ ደርፍታት ውሩይ ስነጥበበኛ ኢድሪስ መ/ዓሊ
    ምስ ኣፈናዊ ናይ ትግርኛ ትርጉም
    ሪም ምድር= መሬት ምርሓቕ–[ምፍልላይ]

    ምስል ሪም ምድር (ልብዬ ስካብ ከልኤኒ) x2
    ሀረሴኒ ሰር ላሊ ዎእተያ ሀሌት ቤሌኒ//
    REPEAT
    ወርሕ ሰነት ሓሰባ ኢቀደርኮ’ግል ኣስብር
    ወ መረት ዲብዬ ዲብ ምድር
    ወ ቑርበት ራሕመት ኣለባ፡ ህታ ትመርር ምን ቀብር
    ዎ እምበሌኪ ኢእቀድር
    (ድግማ)
    እንቲ ጋእኪ ሸማልዬ፡ ዎ እምበል ሸማል ሚ እነብር (2)
    ኢቀደርኮ ሰፈላል፡ (ሒለት ሰኣንኮ ዎ ሰብር) x2
    chorus
    back to verse one
    ላሊ ስካብ ከልኤኒ ዎ ተወዝ ቤላ ዎ ተርሃ
    ዎ ልብዬ’ግልኪ ትሰፍላላ
    እትላ ሓቴ ላሊሁ ዓስር መረት ሳፈራ
    ዎ ብዙሕ ጌሳ ዎ ኣቕበላ
    repeat
    እተያ ሀሌት ቤለኒ ዎ ኣስተንተና ዎትሰኣላ (x2)
    እትላ ገጬ ትጋየሰት፡ ቅዲት ላቕዱይ ሰንደላ
    chorus
    ገናደለት ኣፍ ሓሊብ፡ ሸነን ቲበል ክቡዳ
    ብሶት ልእብላ ሶሚታ
    ወለት እንሳ ነባይል
    ዓዳ ጽጉብ ምን ንዋይ
    ዎ ወለት ባርካ ራኪ ታ
    repeat
    ኢትበደለት ክቡዳ በዲር ደሃብ ሳፊ ታ
    ሕሽም ከምሰል እማታ፡ ኢትወቀለት ክርንታ
    ዎ ኢትደገፈት ግሲታ

    chorus

    ስብር—outro (change in beat which is the last portion of Tigre and Tigrigna dances)
    ——————————
    ምርሓቕ መሬት (ምፍልላይ)
    ምስ ምርሓቕ መሬት፡ ልበይ ድቃስ ከሊኡኒ
    ለይቲ ነቕኒቑ ‘ኣበይ ኣላ’ ኢሉኒ
    ወርሒስ ዓመት ኮይኑኒ፡ ኣይከኣልኩን ክዕገስ
    መሪሩኒ ናብራ፡ ስደት ሕሱም’ዩ፡ ሞት ይሓይይሽ
    ብዘይብኣኺ ኣይከውንን—-ኣይክእልን—[ምንባር]
    ንስኺ ኮይንኪ ትንፋሰይ፡ ብዘይ ትንፋስ (ንፋስ) መዓስ ይንበር
    ተኻኢሉኒ [በጃኺ] ሓይሊ ስኢነ፡ ትዕግስቲ
    ኣይከኣልክዎን ናፍቖት
    ልበይ ድቃስ ስኢኑ ብዘይ ኣንፈት ይኾልል
    ንዓኪ ናፊቑ
    ኣብታ ሓንቲ ለይቱ ዓስርተ ግዜ ገይሹ
    ብዙሕ ከይዱን ተመላሊሱን
    ምስትንታን፡ ‘ኣበይ ኣላ’ ኢሉኒ፡ ሓተተኒ
    ‘ኣብ ገጸይ ትመላለስ ኣላ’ዛ ትዑም ጨናኣ’ ኢሉኒ
    ኣሳጒማ ኣፍ ጸባ፡ ሸነን ትበል ወረጃይ(?)
    በዓል ሶሚት (ሽልማት) መንበስበስታ
    ጓል እተን ክቡራት ኣግማል (ኣንስትዮ ኣግማል)
    ዓዳ ብጥሪት ጽጉብ’ዩ
    ጓል ሃብታም ባርካ እያ

    ኣይተቐየረትን ክቡዳ (ወረጃ፡ ዝያዳ ንጠባይ ዝገልጽ ቃል እዩ፡ ርዝን ዝበለት፡ እተስምዕ፡ ዕግስቲ—)
    ብቐደማ ጽሩይ ደሃብ እያ
    ክብርቲ ከም እኖታታ
    ድምጻ ዘይተብርኽ
    ክትቕመጥ፡ መደገፊ ዘየድልያ—
    [ብኣካል ካብ ዘይረኸባ፡ ኣብ ሓሳቡ ትረኣዮ ኣላ፡ ይሕበነላን ይብርጠጠላን ኣሎ—]
    Enjoy the song.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8_Vdbmyx7Rc

    • Haile S.

      Selam Mahmud,

      ከምዚ እንድሕሪ ቀጺልካ ተርጁምካ
      Rosetta, Babel ክዓጽዉ’ዮም እምሕለልካ

      I have one curiosity about tigrayt. How frequent is the alphabet/sound ቸ used? For an ignorant of that language like me, the ቸ sound does not tune with other sounds of tigrayt that I hear. To give you an example, in one Alamin songs, there is this ሰይቸ, or something that ends like that with ቸ.

      • Mahmud Saleh

        MarHaba HaileS
        Not sure how frequent it is, but its usage is easy to master.
        Any known that ends with “ት”፣ to make it a possessive pronoun, you automatically change the ‘t” to “che”
        example:
        ሕት= ሓውቲ/ሓብቲ
        ሕቸ= ሓውተይ— (ቅኑዕ ናይ ትግራይት ኣጸሓሕፋ (ሕቼ)
        ዓመት፡ (with double “m”); ሓትኖ
        ዓመቸ= ሓትኖይ (ዓመቼ) single “m” sound
        ስናት (double ‘n’)፡መሳቱ
        ስናቸ= ሞሳቱይ ጥቶይ) ትግርኛ በዓልኻ ኣጸባብቖ
        and so on
        A bonus for you:
        any noun that ends with”d” is also either added with “ye”or the “d” is changed to” je”
        example:
        ዓድ=ዓዲ
        ዓድየ (ዓጄ)= ዓደይ
        ወድ= ወዲ
        ውድየ (ወጄ)= ወደይ
        በለድ= ሃገር/ዓዲ
        በለድየ (በለጄ)= ዓደይ/ሃገረይ
        Well, let me stop here for now. That ends today’s lesson. The rest is for SGJ and my best ቅዳሕ brother Hameed Al-Arabi. SA is unreachable this days.

        • Haile S.

          Merci mille fois, Mahmud.

        • Paulos

          Muhamuday,

          Thank you so much. God bless!

    • saay7

      Hala MaHmuday:

      ጀሚርካ ወድእ: heres አከይ ናብራ by same artist, Idris Mohammed Ali, in enforced disappearance since 2006. Can you translate the lyrics? Idris had intense addiction for the Eritrean land, and the song is not easy on the ears for the homesick specially since a few years ago, “Sactism” reported that he along with 3 others was killed by the orders of the guy u insist on calling ብጻይ when you are in your ሕርር ደኣ በላ mood, which has now become more than a mood but a lifestyle choice. Anyway happy Sunday and thanks in advance!

      https://youtu.be/wyztzSOljq0

      saay

      • Hameed Al-Arabi

        Ahlan Ustaz Saleh Younis,

        MS asks for more explanation, “Is this singer and the miserable people in the clip from Latin America? I wonder, how Saay7 will explain this intricate question.

        Al-Arabi

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Ahlen SAAY

        You could do it better than me, but I will try. I will just do the rough translation (will not transcribe the Tigrayet lyrics to save time and space):

        Remember, you are a certified Tigrayet translator; don’t listen to SGJ. He will not recognize you as long as you keep belittling his hometown, Keren. My truest-QdaH, Hameed Al-Arabi has failed multiple observations to pass as a certified translator.

        In my judgment, if Idris Wed-Amir is to be recognized for his romantic poems, Idris Mohammed Ali will surely be remembered for his lyrics that ooze his love for his country. He had classic hits in the mid-seventies such as ሕደጉኒ፡ ደብር እመን መስከብየ፡ ተጎርባ፡ ኢትጃምም ዕንታቼ—God Bless him wherever he is. I don’t follow saktizm. I pray he will make it out.

        Note: This is not “ሕርር ደኣ ይበሉ” edition.
        —————————————————

        Rough translation (some nuances added, phrases repositioned, to adopt it to Tigrigna flow)

        ከርፋሕ ናብራ—ከርፋሕ መንበሮ (2)
        ክሳብ መዓስ ንክህሎ
        ወዲ-ሰብ (‘ኮ) መሬቱ’ዩ ዝናፍቖ (2)
        ኣብ መሬቱ ዘይነብር፥ ከም ድሌቱ ኣይገብር
        ጥዑም ዘረባ (ቃል) ኣይጽበን፡ ትሕቲ ጓኖት ዝነብር

        (ድግማ)

        ክምእርር፡ዕለታዊ ነብርኡ፡ ደድሕርኣ ክጓየ
        ምስ ሰቡን ውራዩን፡ ኮታስ የብሉን ግዜ

        ኣዝማች (chorus) ቀዳመይቲ verse)

        ስደትን ምርሓቕን ሃብቲ ኣይኮነን ምቾት
        ተስገዲዱ’ዩ ዝነብሮ፡ ብዘይሕብእብእ-ሓሶት

        ድግማ

        ለይቲ ትነውሓካ፡ ናብ ዝደለየቶ ትወስደካ
        ሂወት ኣይትዓግብን’ያ ዝገብርካ’ንተ ገበርካ

        CHORUS—ድግና ኣዝማች (ቀዳመይቲ)—

        ውላድካ ዓዱ ኣይፈልጥን፡ ከምኡ’ውን መሬት ኣባሓጎኡ
        ኣይገጣጠምን ሓሳብካን ሓሳቡ
        ዘይረኣዮ መሬቱ (ባህሉ) ከመይ ኢሉ ክግደስ ብልቡ
        ንስኻ’ውን ንዕኡ ጓና ኢኻ፡ ስደት ይገብር ከምኡ

        CHORUS

        ኣብ መጠረሽታ ናይታ ደርፊ፡ ምስ ኣባላት ጉጅለኡ የላሊ
        —–
        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w9AvEtSucog

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam Desbele,

    Still It is really a mystery to me brother. What it cringes me most is, while they are clapping and congratulating to the despot, they still dare to call to his victims comrades. How could they call them comrades while they are congratulating their tormentor? How could you reconcile the interfaced binary mental operation of the cultists?

  • Consolation

    Selamat

    ዘይሓፍር ድሙ፥ ወያነ ሽሙ
    ================

    ሳላ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ፥ ምስ ሰብ ዝተቖጽረ
    ዘይሓለሞ ረኺቡ፥ ብጽጋብ ምስሰኸረ
    ከጥፍኣኩም’የ ዝበለ፥ ከም ዘለዎ ስረ
    ኣሸቀልቱ ኣሚኑ፥ ዕስራ ዓመት ዝፈከረ

    ንብረቶም ዘሪፉ፥ ተስዓ ሽሕ ዘባረረ
    ናይቶም ጀጋኑና፥ መቓብር ዝደፈረ
    ናይ ሓሶት ታሪኽ፥ ብጽሑፍ ዝፈጠረ
    ኣንቀጥቂጠ ጎቦታት፤ ይብል ከምዘይነበረ

    መሬት ጸቢባቶ፥ መቐለ ምስ ዓስከረ
    ያኢ መሲልዎ፥ ዝሓረፈ ዝሸጠረ
    ይድርጕሕ’ሎ ኣውያት፥ ክብል ከይሓፈረ
    ኣሕዋት ኢንዲና፥ ንበሃሃል ይቕረ

    ዝምካሕ ዝውሽልኽ፥ ክልቲኡ ብማ ዕረ
    ‘ንታይና ክንብሎ፥ ሓብሩኒ ደቂ ኤረ
    ክብረት ዘይፈልጥ፥ ‘ቲ ካብ ኩሉ ዝሕረ
    ባህሊ ዘይብሉ፥ ወትሩ ምስመንዘረ

    • Haile S.

      Selam Consolation,

      ግጥሚስ ይበል፡ ኣምርር ድ’ኣ ኣቢልካዮ’ምበር።

      ኣንቲ ዕንበባ ዕረ
      ወዲ ኤረይ ወለላ መዓረ፡ ወለላ መዓረ
      ንድረፍ እቲ ጥዑም ዝመቀረ
      ንግደፎ፡ ኣይንውሓጦ እቲ ዝመረረ
      ከይብክለና ኣብ ውሽጥና ምስ ሓደረ

      • Paulos

        ሰላም ሃይላት,

        ልቦና መሊኡካ
        ግደፉ ተበልካ
        መን ክሰምዓካ

        ላም ሓዊ ወለደት
        ከይትልሕሶ ነደደት
        ከይትገድፎ ስለዝወለደት
        ከምዝብልዎ ‘ቶም ቀዳሞት

        ህዝብኻ ኮይናካ
        ከይትገድፈና ዘይከውን ኮይኑኳ
        ከይተሓለልካ
        ምኽርኻ ለገስካ

        ካብ ሰማይ ‘ዝግሄር
        ካብ መሬት ሰብ ፍጡር

        እቲ ዝግባኣካ
        ክብረት ይሃብካ!

        • Haile S.

          Selam Paul,

          ሎሚ ገጣሚ ተወልደ ፈላስፋ
          ኒቸ ሩሶ ካንት ካይበለ ዘይሓልፋ
          ካብ ዜጋ’ሲ መሊኡና እዩ ተስፋ
          ካብ ገዛኢ ድኣምበር ሓቢርና ንግጠም ተሪፋ

          • Hashela

            ቁዝምዝም ግጥሚ

            ወይ ኣነ ግጥሚ ወሪድኒ ምዓት
            ቀደም ዘይድፈር ምሓዛ ውሑዳት
            ከም ለጠቅ ድበለት ጨቆምጠ ሎሚ ኾይነ መላመዲ
            ቆልዑት ዓዲ

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hashela,

            What is “ድብገለት”? ስም ቦታ ድዩ?

          • Hashela

            Hi Amanuel
            it was a typo.
            see the corrected version

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Thank you dear. Now “ለጠቅ ድበለት ጨቆምጠ” ጹሩይ ትግርኛ:: I love your tigrigna. Keep up.

          • Hashela

            Thank you!

          • Haile S.

            Selam Hashela,

            ኣንታ ሓወይ ሓሸላ
            ኢልካና’ዶ ንሕስያ ዘይብላ

            ጨቖምጠ ካይበልካ፡ ናበይ ናብ ዳዕሮ
            Ficus glumosa ከይበልካ F. sycomore ክትደፍሮ
            ግጥሚ ሎሚ ብመንጠቢት፡ ደሓር ብዕትሮ
            ጽባሕ ክንስንጥቖ ኢና ሎሚ ንጽሕትሮ

          • Hashela

            ሃይለ ሕወይ
            ንኻላእ ትሐስበ መሸንጎጋ እዩ ተንኪፉካ።

          • Haile S.

            Selam Hashela,

            ኣይትሰከፍ ሓሸላ ናትካ መሸንቖቓ እንተበዝሐ ይሕንኩለ
            ናይ ገዛኢና እንሆልካ ህይወት ብጾቱ፡ ዜጋታቱ፡ ዝበከለ

          • Hashela

            “ኣይትብከዪ እንድዩ ደብክየኒ” ትብል ዓባየ ማመት

          • Paulos

            ሰላም ሓሸላ,

            ኣብታ ትሕቲ ዳዕሮ
            ብምሱጥ ኣእምሮ
            ላውሬት ሃይላት
            ከቕስመና ምህሮ

            ንዕኡ ክንመስል
            ደየብና መሰላስል
            ግጥምታት ክንፈትል

            ሓሸላ ግን
            ናትኩምሲ ኣይግድን
            እንዳ’ለ ቅስምና ክሰብር
            ሻፎ ሑዙ መጸና መሰላስል ከሕጽር

            ኣይፋልካን ሓሸላ
            ‘ዛነገር ኣይትውዓላ
            ኣይተናእሶ ናይ ግጥሚ ወለላ
            ተተገጥመት ብቖልዑ ዓዲ ዋላ

          • Haile S.

            Selam Paul,

            Thank you, dankeschön, merci

            ኣንታ ጳውሎስ፡ መዓኮር ጤል ተደሪርካ ዲኻ
            ዓኾር ቃላት ናብ ቦትኡ ዘርጠብጠብ ትሰኹዖ ዘለኻ

            Laureate ግጥሚ ሓደ እዩ ኣብ ሃገርና
            ኮኸብ ሰላም ይብሃል እቲ እንኮ ዘይብሉ መዘና

          • Hashela

            ነቲ መዓኮር ጤል
            ፍርንጭት ድቤላ እዩ ወሲኹሉ ድመስል ዘሎ

          • Haile S.

            Hashela,

            ሽም ከጸብቑ፡ ነዚ ቀደም ኣብ ሓዊ ጠቢስና ንበክልዖ ዝነበርና፡ ፍር….. ዝበልካዮ፡ ኣብዚ ሰሜን ኣማሪካ፡ Rocky mountain oysters፡ እዮም ዝብልዎ።

          • Hashela

            The funny thing is: I was the only boy in our family. So whenever my Dad slaughtered a male goat, I used to get the freshly barbecued
            ፍርንጭት. I guess he wanted me to be strong and testosterone loaded

          • Paulos

            Hashela,

            Lucky you Disqus let you pass when you said ፍርንጭት where the formal is ፍረነብሲ.

          • Hashela

            Paulos

            ፍረነብሲ ናይ ወራዙት ዘረባ’ዩ። ሕጂ ንሕና እንዳ ስዋ ኢና ዘለና!

          • Paulos

            Hashela,

            Good one! You got me!

            እሞ ኣይትሕመቕ ጭረም’ኢኻ፣ ኣጆኻ ባዓል ካሮሳ ገገዛና ከብጻሓና’ዩ፣ “ኣታ ባዓል ካሮሳ ምለሳ ምለሳ” እንዳ ደረፍና።

          • Haile S.

            Selam Paul and Hashela,

            አነኹ ዕንጨይቲ ኰይነ መጺኤልኪ!

            ምቁር መርዚ ትብል መጽሓፍ ኣንቢብኩም’ዶ ትፈልጡ? ሓንቲ መዓልቲ፡ ሓንቲ ድኻ ሰበይቲ እንጀራ ክስንክታ ሓዊ ኣጒደን ዕንጨይቲ ውሒዱወን፡ ንሰብኣየን ዕንጨይቲ ግዝኡለይ ኢለን ገንዘብ ይህብኦም። ሰብኣይ ፈታው ሜስ እዮም ዝለበሩ፡ ሓንቲ ብርለ እንተሰተኹስ ብዙሕ ኣይክጎድለንን እዩ ኢሎም፡ ብሓንቲ ይጅምሩ። ቃሕ ይብሎም እሞ፡ ካልኣይቲ፡ ሳልሰይቲ ይውሰኹ። ኣብ መንጉኡ ዝፈትወዎም ኣዕሩኹቶም ይመጹ እሞ፡ ሓቦ ሒዝዎም ድምበዛን ሜስ ኣዚዞም ይጋብዝዎም። ኣብ መወዳእታ፡ ጅቦኦም ጥራሓ ተሪፋ፡ ንበዓል ዓረብያ፡ ንዓ ገዛይ ኣብጽሓኒ ኢሎም ሕርካም ይኸፍልዎ። ስለዝሰኸሩ፡ በዓል ዓረብያ፡ ከይወድቁ፡ ብገመድ ኣሲሩ ይወስዶም። ሰበይቲ ዕንጨይቲ ተለቒሔን እንጀረአን ሰንኪተን፡ ድሓን’ዶ ይኾኑ እናበላ እናተሻቐላ ክጽበያ፡ ሰብኣይ ኣብ ዓረብያ ተኣሲሮም ደበኽ ይብሉ’ሞ፡ አነኹ ዕንጨይቲ ኰይነ መጺኤልኪ! ይብሉወን ይብል ጸሓፊ በርሀ ኣርኣያ።

    • Semere Tesfai

      Selam Consolation

      ….. ኣየ ጽንዓት …..
      ኣታ እሶምሲ፡ ከም ኣመሎም
      ገመድ ምስተሰቕለ፡ ኣብ ክሳዶም
      የሕዋቲና ‘ተሉ፡ ዘረባ ኣመቕሊሎም
      ናይ ቀደሞም ኮይኑ፡ ሕላገቶም
      ….. ‘ቲ ዝገርም ግን …..
      ‘ቶም ናትና ኸ፡ ‘ታይ ደፈኖም
      ምስ ንብዓቱን ቁስሉን፡ ከሎ ሰቦም
      ካን፡ ዝባን ዉበ ክብሉ ዝዓረቦም
      ኣንታ ‘ቲ ትማልስ፡ መሲልዎም
      ሎምኸ፡ ጥምቢ ‘ምበሳ ድዩ ጠፊእዎም

      ሰመረ ተስፋይ

  • said

    Greetings,
    Aklilu Zere his Virtue ethics posits that his morality is not just based consequentialism or deontological principle. AZ honest observation ,is consequences of an action by NUS horror and his cohort criminal affiliate , his article and HIS WRITING , deeply reflects on the moral character of AZ . Human beings are moral beings, which means they have a hardwired sense of justice.
    A free thinker like AZ . His empathy and altruism for fellow Eritrean constitute an integral part of comprehensive high morality. As Eritrean , as human beings ,he is merely tabula rasa; like most of us our mindsets are structured by our social environment. it’s AZ family upbringing ,value for life and culture and the good Eritrean traditional values he encompasses , which make him true moral being. His believe and morality is based on set of values ,love of his people and his country , his compassion and empathy for down-rotten Eritrean, he the man of integrity and intelligence and he have clear social cohesion. And is based in the principle and fountainhead of compassion and love worth-emulating;? His compassion and genuine caring for the downtrodden Eritrean and AZ sincerely wishes for their freedom and permanent deliverance and their wellbeing.
    AZ as you can see hard supporters come swinging, it was expected as usual . Do not give much attention to those who are foolish and ignorant critics of you, they are trying to put your good article and reputations maligned. You are speaking truth to power, they are dead soul and they have no compassion for victim of Nus , they are sold-out long-time ago and they are particularly intellectually dishonest, and morally corrupt and compromised and nothing will come out them. they worship their master. They do know how to distinguish between Victim and Aggressor .they are morally dead. They can not be revived or awakened . There is no equivalence .You stand tall and superior to the moral equivocations of any of the morally dead and sold-out . they have nothing to say except what the regime adhere to , there is nothing contribute, losers, defending the criminal regime, Regime supporters are prone to both incompetence and ignorance . they are an paid spies and ambassador of the regime . Do not listen to whatever they speak? They are mentally deranged and deeply brainwashed mind from early on , that can not be changed ,there is no help for them ,Pls do not give attention ,they are like one and same and the mirror of tyrannical outfits like Nus , They never have a need or an urge to know fact and truth .or anything about Eritrean oppression unless their slave kind of service of their master NUS requires ,they are deeply dishonest ,arrogant ,ignorant and dysfunctional knowledge of what is happing and do not want to admit it. They . are two sides of the same coin serving the same purpose . IA his hardly-concealed hatred for Eritrea was obvious They do have love ,they are empathy heartless like hermeneutic feel, they do not care of affective to encounter, no moral investment in our people’s sufferings . no moral stake in what our people are suffering in their liberated country that NUS has inflicted upon our people, our people stranger in their own country so sad it have to come to that
    In Eritrea the institution of family has always played a pivotal and role in our cloture . It is the institution of family which infuses compassion in its members and transcends immediate family and encompasses entire Eritrea, there no us v them .

    Little thought of the victims of Nus/EPLF aggression which is self evident. The Hardcore supporters of IA will never reconsider their unqualified support for their master and his regime and they will continue in their indiscriminately support. anti-democratic Hardcore supporters are hard wired . The consequences of this scenario are immensely serious for nation to go forward . We seen an exodus of Eritrean youth. This is disaster if not a complete catastrophe. This is in view of that which has transpired but which has only transpired owing to the extraordinary political reactionary mindset, arrogance and stupidity, of the indiscriminate support for a regime whose policies are clearly anathema to the average Eritrean and in opposition to the principles of democracy and rule of law.
    Some are forced to come to the conclusion that such support for such a regime can only realistically be described as fascism and it sad, it now tars for some Eritrean as a latent supporter of Nus. There have been warnings to the Eritrean government by Eritrean civic leaders throughout Europe and US over many years but IA/PFDJ made a decision not to care and listen. unless we care for our people and the voiceless and have social cohesion which comes from inclusion ,equity love, compassion and empathy, we are likely to self-destruct Eritrea a state.
    Hardcore supporters of IA and hater of the victim and justice, they do not reflect to realty and facts and they do not possess love, compassion and empathy.

    Eritrean have been held up and arrested , often without having done anything to justify such treatment. They have being victimized, demoralized and traumatized, there is nothing new old cloture of EPLF/PFDJ ,they renders innocent Eritrean people guilty before they’ve even been charged of anything , let alone convicted, of any wrongdoing. Suspicion is enough. EPLF/PFDJ violent punch of tags . they wreaking havoc on our people.
    Nus tags and tags they know what they were doing to our people ,enslave them and make them obedient and
    EPLF/PFDJ successful political establishment built on the ruins of a collective dream for a free people and open Eritrea and built on numerous death of compatriot and liquidation number of Eritrean fronts is just one of many element , EPLF countless deaths of top cadre and political leaders disappeared over night and countless number rank and file Tegadelty whose tragic death are unknown till today.
    Since 1991 Eritreans of all walk of life and faiths and ages and backgrounds, united by a desire for real freedom, millions of ordinary Eritreans there is deep desire, deeply held, to want live in a free ,rule of law and fair democratic society. there is deep desire to bring 28 dictatorship and years of tyranny to an end But after 28 years our dream became a nightmare and partly we were complacent,
    Early on We made awful mistakes. Try as it might, Now we find ourselves in thrall to a brutal and caning and capricious dictator – only NUS one is much worst than we ever expected to be. Sadly vibrant Eritrean society is being crushed slowly and surly

  • Ismail AA

    Selam Awate forum friends,
    Couple past days comments I post get quarantined under “pending” rubric as if they try to hide from my dear friend MS. Does anyone out there been experiencing the same?

  • Hayat Adem

    Dear friends,
    It is what they call, things fall apart. When something is out of place, it loses grace. The Eritrean cultural troupe mission is a complete failure. Out of the 27k expected in even 200 attending. Fortunately, it is not a plan from the Eritrean people. It is the work an evil man shattered in shame and lame. If you see a fish sitting on a table, you would feel awkward about it: it can’t talk, can’t walk, out of place. Put it in a pond, the genius element emerges. What a foolish plan! Embarassing!

    • Mahmud Saleh

      Dear Hayat
      please know that Eritrea is a sovereign nation and it has every right to overfly Tigray. Please solve your problem within Ethiopia, don’t try to overspill it onto our side. THE Eritrean CULTURAL TROUPE INTRODUCED Eritrea TO hinterland Ethiopia, and that was the desired result. It got good reception from the regions it toured, and also got a media coverage. Mekeole is coming soon, don’t worry. But according to Eritrea’s schedule. That’s what I have received from Asmara.
      Gracias wayaneyti Habtey
      HawKi shaEbyay (wi)

      • Hayat Adem

        Hi Mahmuday,
        Thanks a lot for all the civility. I like you when you call me wayaeyti habtey, for some unknown reason. Believe me, if we were neigbors in a residence, I would be the one knocking at your door for conversatuons every weekend, given your family welcomes, of course..
        Something is being planned 5o visit Mekele by the artists is a good news. They will the difference and the warmth.
        But again, you are again wrong on giving me identity. Not that I am minding I am over or under valued but it is an issue of being right.
        The cultural mission is totally wrong in value creation, in principle and of course, it has putt many talented Eritrean artists hanging dry. I take it personally, because about 50% of those are my friends. (Nitricc will again be carbon-dating my age.)

        • Mahmud Saleh

          Selam Hayat
          I understand the point and I wish we started from Mekele, and it is about when not if. I think individual artists can still go, but for the national group to visit Mekel first there need to happen a political breakthrough. In the initial days, I was hopeful that the TPLF would make a strategic move to settle the border issue. But as I see it, it is becoming more hardening its stance, beating the drums of war. In such a situation, how could you expect the cultural group to go to Mekele? I think we need to see the political will before we see more of such activities. I said in my earliest articles when the peace process started that for lasting peace to be materialized TPLF and PFDJ must reconcile. We know the people don’t have a problem.
          I don’t know how you measure the value creation, and what you mean by “principle” but here is how I saw it.
          value: we are simply introducing Eritrea to Ethiopians. Believe me, it is the first step because most Ethiopians do not know Eritrea, its diverse social groups, their dance, attire, beliefs, etc. Eritreans will enjoy similar tours by Ethiopian groups. I would hope the first one to be from Tigray, but the situation is tense as it stands.
          My problem is that you put the blame on Eritrea. Many, including you, try to portray this as PIA stint. Wrong. It is to our national security to pass to Ethiopians that Eritrea stands for peace and cooperation.
          On the identity issue, I do it to tickle you otherwise I have written about this issue and I don’t care where one hails from. The only thing I care about is what one thinks about Eritrea. One can be from Eritrean blood but feels more attached to Tigray or Ethiopia. [BTW; you told us you accept the independence of Eritrea simply because it is a fact on the ground, otherwise, you would like to see Eritrea stay within Ethiopia.]
          So, feel proud of your TPLF affiliation. I like because you do not want to change colors.
          HawKI Shaebiyay (wi)

          • Hayat Adem

            1) “please know that Eritrea is a sovereign nation and it has every right to overfly Tigray ”
            2) “It is to our national security to pass to Ethiopians that Eritrea stands for peace and cooperation.”

            Now, you have these two points above from the same head, from you. If you were concerned about Eritrea’s national security (2), you wouldn’t be indifferent (1) or negative about its strategic depth (Tigray) and be more attentive about irritant elements. I am saying this to you in a way I would not care to say it to blink or nitricc because, by my book, they are not strategists and they wouldn’t know or care what strategic situations must get primary and long yerm consideration whe. You you advance Eritrea’s national interests at its purest pragmatism.

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Ahlan Hayat
            Please spare Nitrickay and Blink, I consider them to be more informed and intelligent than me. Coming to your question: I don’t see them contradicting.
            a. is a simple truism, that is to counter those who say why Eritrea goes to Amara or Oromo, etc.before going to Tigray or going through Tigray. Ethiopia is a federal country. We may have agricultural ties with some Southern People’s universities, health with a university in Gondar, and hopefully something with Tigray, etc. It is to say that Eritrea should not be checked with any move it takes.
            b. This also includes Tigray. Eritrea has not started with Tigray because of political constraints as discussed in my previous reply. It simply says that when peoples meet and exchange ideas and cultural values the likelihood of the advent of war is significantly reduced. Thus, our national security is bolstered.

            Kab HawKI Shaebiyay (wi)

        • Hashela

          Hayat

          thank you for the laugh. “… carbon-dating my age”

          I am sure the cunning Nitricc knows that a terrestrial material, as you are, if dated using the radiocarbon method has an uncertainty of more than ± 35 years. The age range of a radio-carbon dated material has a non-normal probabilistic distribution. So you can be 50 years old but also be 100 years old. Given your omnipresence as a witness for every event that happened in Eritrea over the last 80 years, the upper range of the radio-carbon age (100 years) makes sense.

      • Haile S.

        ሰላም ማሕሙድ፡

        ንኣምባሳደር ኣምባሳደር’ዶ መድለዮ
        ነቲ ኣምባሳደር ካብ ህዝቢ ዝጋርዶ ዝፈልዮ
        እንተዘይተደልዩ መልእኽቱ ክትጠውዮ
        ካብ ህዝቢ መንጢልካ ናባኻ ክትጨውዮ

        ክሳብ መኣስ እዩ ህዝቢ ክጉተት ክምራሕ
        ምባል መገዲ ንፈልጥ፡ ንመርሕ ንሕና ጥራሕ
        ኩሉ ዓሻ ተቖጺሩ ክግለል፡ NSU ጥራይ ጎራሕ

        እንታይ ነይርዎ እንተዘሰንይዎ ብናእሽቱ
        ነቲ ንእሽተይ ተቐባሊ ጋሻ ዝመስሉ ዝሽትቱ
        ዝስዕስዑ ዝደርፉ ዘጉርዑ ኣብ እዝኑ ዝኣቱ

        ደረፍትና ፈቲኖም ናይ ቀደም ከዘክሩ
        ጻዕሪ በዚሑዎም፡ ጎሮሮ ሮጒዱ ዓርዒሩ
        ሰማዒ’ውን ደንጽይዎ ጊዚኡ ሓሊፉ ሓሪሩ
        በዓል ኣብርሃም መተስእዎ ብህይወት እንተ’ዝነብሩ
        ሕጂ’ውን ይተሓሰበሉ ወናማት ናእሽቱ ክድምሩ
        ኣምባሳደር ዘይብሉ መገዶም ባዕሎም ክፍሕጥሩ

        ናይ መቐለ ግደፎ፡ ኩሉ ቆቁስሉ ይሓክኽ
        ጸገም ኣብ ኤርትራ ዘሎ ክንፈትሕ ሕልናና ንዃኩሕ

        • Kokhob Selam

          Dear Haile S,

          Great, Take part of you poem above is the bellow..

          “ክሳብ መኣስ እዩ ህዝቢ ክጉተት ክምራሕ
          ምባል መገዲ ንፈልጥ፡ ንመርሕ ንሕና ጥራሕ
          ኩሉ ዓሻ ተቖጺሩ ክግለል፡ NSU ጥራይ ጎራሕ”

          KS,,

    • Paulos

      Hayata,

      I think Isaias is not only trying to stay relevant but he wants to be part of a talking point where all the Kilils are competing against each other on which one gets his attention the most.

      Here in the US, there is a popular TV show called the “Bachelor” where every week the Bachelor gives out flowers to prospective would-be life time partners to him as they all gather and wait anxiously if any one of them will be selected and gets a flower. Isaias is playing the Bachelor if you will where the Amhara Kilil is getting the flower this time around and Tigrai is hoping to be next where in reality he is given much weight than he is worth.

      • Peace!

        Paulosay,

        Good one. ኣነኻኣ እዚኣ ምመረጽኩ

        ከምኡ ድዩ ነይሩ ውዑል ክልቴና
        ከምኡ ድዩ ነይሩ ውዑል ክልቴና
        ከይንጣለም ሳቡ ሚሒልና
        ሕሰብሉ ድኣ ሳቢና

        ሳቢና ድማ: ኣነ ንቡር መርዓ እየ ዝደሊ ዝርፍ ቀደም ተሪፉ እዩ ትብል ኣላ.

        Peace!

        • Paulos

          Selam Abi Seb,

          ኣነ’ኻኣ እንታይ ምመረጽኩ ‘መስለካ፣ ናይ ዮሱፍ ናይ ቀደም ደርፊ:

          ጽቡቕ ዝገብር
          ጽቡቕ ዘይፍደ
          ከሕልፎዶ ተጸሚመ….

      • Fanti Ghana

        SelamDr. Paulos and Hayata,

        ዳሽም ምስግና had a song I loved called “ርሑስ ጋማ” which included “እዛ ዕምባባኹም ዘሊላ ዘሊላ ‘ኣባኹም ዘሊላ” at the end (ደርብ). It is in his cassette release called ልዋም, but I am not sure if it is available online. If you find the tape, get it! I highly recommend every song in it.

        PS:

        Since you are now familiar with some ትግረ words, thanks Mahmuday, one of the songs in that tape is called “ኣዋልድ ዓጄ” and I guaranty that you will love it.

  • Mahmud Saleh

    Dear Blink
    You asked “where is the truth?”
    It is a good question but I don’t think these guys are up to facing the truth. Guess what? The reason why you and other patriot Eritreans challenge these old-timers is because you want to defend the legacy of the Eritrean fight for self-determination, led by the historic EPLF. All the Isaias nonsense is to get to hit back at the EPLF. We know what they want to make out when they keep characterizing the EPLF as a factional organization, and so on. If it takes defending IA to defend our legacy, we will do that, because he was one of us. Period. The EPLF was a camp where Eritrean ingenuity took place. EPLF story is a collect of stories of individual Eritreans.
    SaleH Tatew, BeraKi Fenkil, Ahmed Hilal, Abrahim Afa, Haile weldetnsaE Drue, Petros Solomon, Mahmud Ahmed Sherifo, Weldenkiel Haile, Mesfun Hagos, and the list is long…all worked closely with IA. And all were selfless heroes. Now AZ is telling us he was a better observant than the people I listed above and more. I don’t care if people accuse him of post independence
    There is no truth they will tell you. The truth is what the brave Semere Tesfai is telling you. They have not braved to look back and reflect on themselves and the organization they so much talk about.
    I will fight for the notion that we should build on what we have achieved as a nation. No more going back. Eritrea should never allow this sick politics. It should let domestic political budding and start afresh on what the objective situation of the country offers.

    • Blink

      Dear MS
      Thanks MS , you are an inspiration for many nationalist Eritreans, I can’t thank you enough for the effort you put to this forum challenging all the packs and that’s why Eritrea will come roaring.

      They have enough materials to vilify Issias just even from 1991. They have more than enough real story to squeeze Issias to their imaginary box but they choose to shame the most determined organizations ever existed in Eritrea, that means their goal is totally different from what the people of Eritrea are looking and expecting from people like Aklilu.This is very very dangerous and irresponsible.

    • Hameed Al-Arabi

      Hi Mahmud Saleh,

      MS is soaked to hilt with DIVIDE, DIVERT and DEFAME the victims of divide and divert. Here, in his comment above divided Eritreans into EPLF and insinuated to ELF with “old-timers” to elude from the infamy terms.

      Here, MS says, “If it takes defending IA to defend our legacy, we will do that, because he was one of us. Period.

      According to his logic, Isaias was only the son of EPLF, but he is totally mistaken. Isaias before he becomes the son of EPLF he was the son of ELF. He had worked with the ELF leaders in close contact. There is no difference among Ibrahim Afa, Salih Tataw, Abdallah Idress and other Eritrean patriots. Isaias has worked with all of them, but he is an Ethiopian spy. Face taking of your skin, and exposure of your superficial logic. Period.

      THE AGE OF HUMAN BEING IS MEASURED BY HIS KNOWLEDGE, VALUES AND EXPERIENCE HE HAS ACCUMULATED DURING HIS LIFE COURSE NOT BY THE YEARS HE HAS LIVED LIKE OTHER CREATURES.

      Al-Arabi

    • Millennium

      Hi Mahmud:

      I have given up on majority of the opposition when I saw their callousness and their complete disregard for the interest of Eritrea to get at Isaias; 2009 and 2011 were the years I saw the true colours of the majority of the veteran opposition members

      Regards

      Millennium

  • Simon Kaleab

    Selam all,

    The article reflects the bitterness Eritreans feel towards the betrayal of the ideal of the revolution. This betrayal is concentrated at a single point, the person of Isaias.

    However, it seems to me that blaming this failure on a single person, an alleged superhuman, is naive.

    Some things are bound to fail due to their structure. I can tell you that I am nominally a Catholic, but I can also tell you that the global Catholic church is structurally g-a-y and is infested with p-ae-d-op-hi-l-es. I have also observed that not all Muslims are terrorists, but a lot of terrorists are Muslims.

    Likewise, Revolutions are destined to fail, in particular third world guerrilla ones. The career of top politicians ends up in failure. World economies experience a cycle of boom and bust. All high profile marriages result in spectacular divorce.

  • Paulos

    ሰላም ብሩኻት ህዝበይ,

    ኣንታ ምራጭ ነዚ ቖልዓ ዘይትገድፎ ኢኻ ንዕረፍቲ መጺኡስ ክንዲ ኣእምርኡ ዘዕርፍሲ መሊስካ ጸቕጢ ትገብረሉ ኢላ ዓባየይ ንሓወቦይ ዘረብኡ ተቋርጾ፣ ኣቦይ ጎደፋ ኣቡኡ ንጉዕሽ ገድየብልክን ሓትነይ ኣመተ እኳ ተረኺቡ፣ ምራጭ ግርም ዕላል ኣምጺኻ’ለኻ ሃየ’ዳኣበል ኣነውን ሒዘካ’ለኹ በልዎ።

    ሓወቦይ ከምዚ ክብል ዘረብኡ ቀጸለ: ቅድሚ ናይ ኒቻ ቀንዲ ዛዕባታት ምርኣይና፣ መጀመርታ ናይ ብሓሙሽተ ክፍለዘመን ቅድሚ ልደተክርስቶስ ናይ ግሪኻውያን ትያትር እንታይ ከምዝነበረ ምርኣይ የድሊ፣ ብፍላይ እቲ ብኣስኪለስ [Aeschylus], ሶፈክሊስ [Sophocles], ዩሪፒዲስ [Euripides] ዝጻሓፍን ዝስራሕን ዝነበረ ተዋስኦታት ከም ግሪክ ተራጀዲ [Greek Tragedy] ዝፍለጥ ምርኣይ ንናይ ኒቻ ቀንዲ ሓሳባት እንታይ ምዃኖም ንምፍላጥ ክሕግዘና ይኽእል።

    እቶም ቀንዲ ተዋሳእቲ ማለት [Characters] ናይቲ ተዋስኦ ዝነበሩ በቲ ዘመንቲ ከም ኣምላኻት ዝርእይዎም ክልተ ብጠባይን ብናይ ሂወት ኣራኣእያ ተጻረርቲ ዝኾኑ ድዮንሰስ [Dionysus], ኣፖሎ [Apollo] ዝተባህሉ እዮም። ደኒሰስ ከም ናይ ትብዓት፣ ቆራጽነት፣ ንሂወት ናይ ብሓቦ ምቕባል ኣምላኽ ክኸውን ከሎ፣ ብኣንጻሩ ኣፖሎ ናይ ሰላም፣ ፍልስፍና፣ ናይ ኮንተምፕለሽን ኣምላኽ እዩ ዝፍለጥ። ስለዚ ግሪኻውያን ንሂወት ከም ትራጀዲ ይርእይዎ ስለ ዝነበሩ: ክንዲ ሂወት ትርጉም ዘይብሉ ትራጀዲ እዩ ኢሎም ተስፋ ዝቖርጹ ብተዋስኦ ጌሮም ነቲ ተራጀዲ ናብ ሓጎስ ይቕይርዎ ኔሮም፣ ናይዚ ተባዕ ዝኾነ ኣታሓሳስባ ትርጉሙ እንታይ ምዃኑ ጸኒሕና ክንሪኦ ኢና፣ ብፍላይ ኣብ ናይ ኒቻ “ዚ በርዝ ኦፍ ተራጀዲ” [[The Birth Of Tragedy] ዘርእስታ መጽሓፉ።

    ኒቻ ካብ ናይ ሉተራውየን እምነት ዘለዎም ወለዲ እዩ ተወሊዱ። ኣብኡ ናይ ሉተራውያን ቀሺ እዩ ኔሩ፣ ኣዲኡ’ውን ብጣዕሚ ሃይማኖተኛ እያ ኔራ፣ ንኒቻ’ውን ካብ ንእሽተይ ዕድሚኡ ኣትሒዙ ወለዱ ቀሺ ክኸውን የዳልውዎ ኔሮም፣ ገና ኣብ ንእስነት ዕድሚኡ እቲ ዝፈትዎ ዝነበረ ኣብኡ ብናይ ሃንደበት ሕማም ይመውት፣ ኒቻ ነቲ ናይ’ኣብኡ ሞት ክቕበሎ ስለ ዘይካኣለ እቲ ኣብ ‘ዝጊሄር ዝነበሮ እምነት እነደዛሓለ’ኸደ።

    ኣብቲ ግዜቲ ናይ ኣርተር ሾፐንሆር መጽሓፍ [The World As Will And Idea] ኣዝዩ ሕቡብ ስለ ዝነበረ፣ ኒቻ ብምምሳጽ ነቲ መጽሓፍ ከምብቦ ጀመረ፣ እቲ መጽሓፍ ትሕዝትኡ ብዛዕባ ተስፋ ምቑራጽን ወዲሰብ ንኸንቱ ዝተኾነነን ምምባር ዋጋ ከምዘይብሉን ስለዝኾነ: ነቲ ተሕዝቶ ናይቲ መጽሓፍ ኒቻ ተቓዊምዎ ጥራሕ ዘይኮነ፣ ናይዚ ድኹም ኣታሓሳስባዚ ታሪኻዊ ኣማጻጽእኡ እንታይ ምዃኑ ንኽፈልጥ ክማራመረ ጀመረ።

    ከም ዝፍለጥ መብዛሕቶም ፈላስፋታት ማለት ምዕራባውያን ፈላስፋታት ድሕሪ Immanuel Kant ዝመጹ፣ ነቲ Immanuel Kant ብናይ ወዲሰብ ዓቕሚ ክብጻሕን ክፍለጥ ኣይክእልን ዝበሎ “Pure Reason” ዝባሃል ዛዕባ፣ Hegel ንምሳሌ እዚ “Pure Reason” ዝባሃል ብኣብ ታሪኽ ዝግበር ናይ ሓሳባት ዘየቋርጽ ጎንጺ [Thesis-Antithesis=Synthesis] ንዓና ንደቂ ሰባት ከም “Absolute Idealism” ኣብ መወዳእታ ክግለጸልና ይኽእል’ዩ ኢሉ ይኣምን ኔሩ። ካርል ማርክስ [Karl Marx] ብኣንጻሩ፣ እዚ “Pure Reason” ኣብ ታሪኽ ዝፍጠር ናይ ደርባዊ ጎንጺ ኣብ መወዳእትኡ ብናይ ዴሳዊ ስርዓት [Communism] ንደቂ ሰባት ክግለጽ’ዩ ኢሉ ይኣምን ኔሩ።

    ንኒቻ ኣገዳሲ ዝነበረ ግን ኣማጻጽኣን መወደዳእታን ናይ Immanuel Kant ቀንዲ ሓሳብ ኣይነበረን፣ እንታይ’ዳኣ እዚ ናይ ምዕራባውያን ሞራል ቫልዩ [Moral Value] ዝባሃል ታሪኻዊ ኣማጻጽእኡን መወዳእታን ምምርማር እዩ።

    ወዲ 24 ዓመት ምስኮነ ናይ ሙሉእ ፕሮፈሰር ማዕረግ ብናይ Philology መጽናዕቲ ቦታ ስለዝረኸበ፣ ንናይ ግሪኻውያን ናይ ጥንቲ ባህልን ፍልስፍናን እንታይ ከምዝነበረ ንኽፈልጥ ሓገዞ፣ ስለዚ እምባኣር ኢሉ፣ ግሪኻውያን ክንዲ ብናይ ደኒሰስ ብትብዓትን ሓቦን ንሂወት ዝገጥምዎ፣ ብሰንኪ ኣብ 3ይ ክፍለ ዘመን ቅድመ ልደተክርስቶስ ዝመጸ ናይ ሶከራጢስ [Socrates] ሓዲሽ ፍልስፍናን Ethicsን, ናብ ኣፖሎ ዘዝዮም ጥራሕ ዘይኮነ ክሰንፉ ጀመሩ፣ ድሕሪኡ ይብል ኒቻ፣ እቶም ብተፈጥሮኦም ሰነፋት ዝኾኑ ሰባት ነዚ ናይ ሶቀራጠስ “መስነፊ” ፍልስፍና ናብ ሓደ ሓዲሽ ሕማቕ ተጌርካ ኣብ’ቲ ምስ’ሞትካ ዝመጽእ ሂወት ክትቅጻዕ ኢኻ ዝብል ሃይማኖት ቀየርዎ፣ ብኡብኡ ኻኣ እቶም ሓያላት ፈሪሖም ነቶም ዓቕሚ ዘይብሎም ክድንግጽሎም ጀመሩ፣ እዚ ጥራሕ ከይኣክል ይብል ኒቻ: እቶም ሰነፋት Democracy ዝብል ሓድሽ ኣምር ፈጠሩ ምእንታን ማዕረ’ቶም ሓያላት ክኾኑ።

    ስለዚ ይብል ኒቻ፣ “Age Of Enlightenment” ተፈጥሮ ብራሽናሊዝም [Rationalism] ወይካኣ ብርዝን [Reason] እምበር በኣጉል እምነትን ብሃይማኖትን ከምዘይትፍለጥ ስለዘፍለጠና፣ ማዕረማዕረ ሳይንስ: ንወዲሰብ ሓድሽ Ethics ወይካኣ Moral Value የድልዮ እዩ በለ። ማለት እቶም ንመንግስቲ ዝመረሑ ኣሪስቶክራትስ [Aristocrats] ክኾኑ ኣለዎም ምኽንያቱ ኣሪስቶክራትሰ ደዮኒስያነ ተባዓት ስለዝኾኑ፣ ሱፐርማን [Superman] ዝባሃልካአ ሓድሽ ኣብ ሓይሊ ዝተሞርኮሰ ዩኒቨርሳላዊ ሞራል ቫልዩ ንደቂሰባት የድልየና እዩ በለ።

    ኣብ መጨረሽታ ዓመታቱ ዓይኑ ዓወረ ድሕሪኡኻኣ ኣእምርኡ ስለዝሳሓተ ኣብ ናይ ኣእምሮ ሆስፒታል ኣተወ።

    • Hayat Adem

      Paulos,
      These pieces should be considered valuables and collectibles. Keep on taking Hawoboy Miratch around the world to all corners of philosophy and we could be talking about a philosophy book in Tigrigna. Let also Aboy Miratch turn his eyes to African thinkers. Let him talk about the enlightened Zerayakob and Woldehiwot. Let him revisit the Estifnite Enlightment closer to home. Also, Aboy Miratch must teach us new Tigrigna words that would carry those philosophical concepts. By the way, one of the problems we have today in bringing down the gaps in our political discourse is that because we are not applying scientific and philosophical approaches to the problems under discussion. And, I think, that is because such discourses were not given adequate space and attention in our socio-political debates, it is not becoming part of our culture. If that was the case, the end purpose of such our debates and discourses would never be to defend a position or a view or a person but to arrive at a better solution or closer to a truth. We would have a rich language enabling us make the best sense in a fewer exchanges. Thanks Paul.
      Hayat

    • Fanti Ghana

      Selam Dr. Paulos,

      I strongly concur with Hayata’s take below. You are a wonderful role model. Absolute minimum benefits of your efforts will be an encouragement to others to pursue and aim for higher goals. So, what is there to lose?

      PS:
      I loved your particle physics 101 in Tigrinya!

      • Paulos

        Selam Fantination and Hayata,

        Many thanks for the encouraging words. Certainly, the idea is to inspire the younger generation in particular so that they broaden their horizon as they grow in person and in wisdom as well.

        As we said it before, we have all been victims of the way we perceived a body of knowledge where our mind is made to discriminate in an early age between this body of knowledge to that body of knowledge when in reality knowledge is seamless and not compartmentalized. We should be able to break the hung up and see say, philosophy is not any different than the life or hard sciences in concept, as in the way our mind grasps the basic ideas in them. Thanks again.

  • aklilu zere

    Good day tSAtSe:

    Either I was lucky or “cursed” to know them all. I was a nomad in Meda. I was relocated numerous times to many areas. I am blessed to know the GOOD people of Eritrea and The BEAUTIFUL land of Eritrea. I was also young and very curious.May be it was meant to be so that I would share my experience with the living. In the absence of written documents (it was outlawed to possess pen and paper NO JOCK!!) photographic memory helps.

    • Selamat Aklilu Zere,

      Thanks for responding and I am hoping you will do so again to my further inquiry. Irrefutable to your theme for me is the case of what we know as G15 disappearances and all the journalists and other political prisoners that are suffering in today’s version of Halewa Sewra under Isaias Afeworki. And since you are simply telling what you have experienced and some common knowledge of liquidations such as the MenkaE, the assertions you make can not be disproved as false. One can only inquire more in order to ascertain the degree of truth of your claims.

      You have listed nearly over hundred names of Tegadelti. You theme of a sadist murderer and torturer gives the false understanding that each and every individual you have listed was a victim and the perpetrator was no other than the sadist Isaias.

      1) If we were to tabulate all theses names you have dropped, what percentage do you suppose we will find to have been murdered, tortured, incarcerated or disappeared?

      “unseen and Unheard before in our history and culture to kill innocent women (Dehab and Aberash in Menkae to mention two); to scald prisoners with boiling water (Wedi Libsu to mention one); to burry suspects alive ( to mention Municipio), to utilize torture techniques in all Halewa Sewratat that in comparison will make Abu Guraib and Guantanamo Bay prisons feel and look like Eden. And all these were from the direct and sole orders and participation of the sadist, Isaias.”

      Unseen or unheard of by the majority of Eritreans until the recently post 2001 mass incarcerations and disappearances and until you are telling about it here above.
      2) Can you be kind enough to elaborate on Wedi Libsu’s story and what lead to him being scalded with boiling water. Do the same with the case of Municipio on why he was buried alive. Other than the sadistic nature of the tormentor what was the motive for these two henious crimes? Such cases was not known to the Tegadelti or people under sadist Isaias’ EPLF because if they were the fighters would have either turned on the leadership for the barbarianism or would have defected and not fight all the way until victory in 1991. I am presuming only a select few would know and witnessed the sadistic acts. Are you relying on your “photographic memory helps.”?

      3) How did you personally come to know about the above specific crimes? Did you witness them yourself or were they told to you by other witnesses? I believe you defected to the ELF somewhere in your journey as a Tegadalai. Was the reason because you witnessed the crimes in close proximity? How were you privy and a witness to these crimes? Did you partake or were you ordered to commit similar crimes and then your humanity kicked in and made a decision to distance yourself from such?

      Your mention of nearly every notable Tegadalai under a bloody theme to characterize Isaias as a sadist makes it seem more bloodier than what is actual. So it would be best you list the victims and not mix them up with those that were politically sidelined or disappointed by Isaias. It erroneously characterizes the Eritrean revolution and the EPLF in particular in a very negative light.

      4) In your opinion was there any thing good the EPLF has done in the fields? How would you rate its other departments and discipline as far as education, literacy, healthcare, refuge for its people etc.. or do you feel that sadis Isaias’ EPLF was absolutely horrendous barbaric and an oppressor of its fighters and people under its control?

      When I was young I recall vividly the defection of Teklay Aden in a Dimtsi Hafash radio broadcast. The mood around me was somber I recall now. I believe he was the head of Halewa Sewra. This was after you have defected from the EPLF. Can you say something about him?

      “Either I was lucky or “cursed” to know them all. I was a nomad in Meda. I was relocated numerous times to many areas…..May be it was meant to be so that I would share my experience with the living. In the absence of written documents (it was outlawed to possess pen and paper NO JOCK!!) photographic memory helps.”

      It is also obvious you were a keen study of Eritrean history. You could have sifted all the names you mentioned from books and or others telling their stories and charted a hierarchy pointing all the way to the top sadist and produced your thematic essay above. But if it was meant to be for you to share your experiences with us the living, then the details above I humbly am requesting for more would be even more valuable for me to come to a verdict of your prosecution of sadist Isaias. Thank you

      tSAtSE

  • Nitricc

    Those who make peaceful revolution impossible will make
    violent revolution inevitable

    Hi all; reading your take suggests that you never have faced the sight of darkness when the future looked blank and that followed the temptation between the desire to win and all together to quite. When determination and must succeed becomes an obsession and a matter life and death; then a man has to what a man has to do. I am not condoning the action what Akilu is describing but you must put yourself at the exact situation, time and place. From what I read and observe, I think without that kind of action and brutality, Eritrea’s struggle would have never came to fulfillment. It could have simply become the likes of OLF and the rest of toothless armed organizations. So, you can’t like the results of the struggle and you can’t hate the path it took to realization. What most people get confused is the difference between what it takes to lead an armed rebel organization and a peaceful revolution for democracy. In a struggle for independence “What is character but the determination of incident? What is incident but the illustration of character?” The end! So for many of you trying to be god on this forum, why don’t you try to lead, organize and manage one of the most successful armed rebel organization like PIA has done then you can tell me all about mother Teresa and all the story of cumbia. Please spare us your judgmental and hypocritical takes until you try what the man tried and succeeded. You have no moral authority to condemn and convict what the man has for the greater good.
    “The difference between the impossible and the possible lies in a man’s determination.”
    The man has what it needs to get the job done!!!!!

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Nitrickay,

      You don’t need “a despot and despotism” to liberate Eritrea. You have a good example close to our home, who did it without liquidation in their internal squabbles. The TPLF did it in the field (1975-1991). They debate for weeks and months to come for a resolution for controversial issues. When they come to a majority vote, those who want to abide by the resolution stay and those who doesn’t want to continue they give them safe exit abd they told them “መገድኻ መገዲ ጻዕዳ ይግበረልካ ኢሎም የፋንውዎም”:: So Nitrickay, avoid the minds of despots and despotism from your thinking.

      • Nitricc

        You have a good example close to our home, who did it without liquidation in their internal squabbles.

        Hi Aman-H; I will replay to you and Aklilu but are you forgetting what happened to TLF? Tigray Liberation front; they were massacred in the middle of night in hundreds. I won’t be shocked if TPLF is more bloody than EPLF.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Nitrickay,

          I am talking within the rank and files of the organization as oppose to EPLF, as you have read it in Aklilu’s article. But regarding the civil wars, not only with TLF, but also with EDU and EPRP until they had a complete control of Tigray.

    • aklilu zere

      Good day Nitricc:

      You wrote “From what I read and observe, I think without that kind of action and brutality, Eritrea’s struggle would have never came to fulfillment”

      Let me ask you about something that happened long time ago in a remote country [because sometimes our emotions cloud our judgment) and I will see how you answer it. If I rephrase it and wrote “From what I read and observe, I think without that kind of action and brutality by Stalin, Russia would have never succeeded in WWII”

      As for me There are 10,000 better alternative ways to succeed. There is nothing called “the only way” because that one succeeded. It will be Machiavellian [the end justifies the means}

      Imagine Good brother Nitricc what the result would have been if the struggle was led by the cooperation and active participation of the 100 or more brilliant, courageous, and gifted tegadelti that are all mentioned in the article.

      But the main point of the article is to know the past, learn from its deficiencies and to choose a better and humane way at present and in the future to succeed.

      This article is all about “what about then”. But you are a living witness from 1991-now and what do you say to the question “what about now”. In juxtaposition between the two historical periods – then & Now- I will leave it up to you to come to conclusion.

      If the cruelty then had basis (your surmise} what about now in peace time?

    • Mahmud Saleh

      Selam Nitrickay
      I don’t know Aklilu Zere, and I enjoy his reflections; he is rare, in that, his writings cut deep into human soul; he reminds me people like Khalil Gibran, Mahmoud Darwish, Khassan; Nezar Qabani, etc. These writers have an insight into human nature; they go deep into our complex emotions, values, aspirations…they usually focus on the little men and women; they create heroes from among the poor and the neglected. I would like to have a book by aklilu Zere. All these, despite my criticism that he uses those tools to hit back to settle old scores.
      IA will and should be studied; he should and will be judged by able historians. Aklilu and the other veterans of the ELF have points to talk about. Their problem is that they are trying to re-introduce IA to Eritreans, which is futile, considering the folks who are fanning this issue. IA was an effective liberation war leader; there were keen and able tegadelti who would eclipse Aklilu; they knew IA but decided to continue in the EPLF. Why? Aklilu decided to part ways, for whatever reason. Just look at how he indirectly chastized the persons he mentioned; it is apparent in the words he chooses and the synthesis he employs that he is telling us he was above them in identifying IA’s…Well, dig it out.
      I’m reading a book written by Ambassador Ahmed Taher Badouri. It revolves around his memoirs but goes way deep into personal sacrifices of the many unsung Eritrean heroes. He narrates in prose style the ups and downs of the mid-60s, reasons that pushed for the establishment of the EPLF; the early days of the nascent organization, the establishment of the secret party (by the way, it was established by the Muslim dominant and the bigger faction of the EPLF, that was before linking with the second faction of Ala, led by IA). He chronicles the start of the civil war. Many of the folks here try to depict the EPLF as a factional force representing highlanders. I have debated this in the past with the known detractors and actually told them that the EPLF was predominantly Muslim when it separated from the ELF. So, religion had nothing to do with its separation. ELF opened the first fire on the Muslim-dominated faction…Ahmed Taher Badouri also recognizes ELF valiant fighters who refused to attack EPLF faction that was moving to the north (around Wongebo, Abdella Idris ordered that they are liquidated but ELF fighters refused); he also mentions an incident where his unit was totally overwhelmed (around Habero). He asks the Deputy commander of an ELF unit that happened to be around that area. The DC refuses but later when the commander heard about it, he ordered the ELF unit to join the EPLF unit where they were jointly able to crash enemy. There are such uplifting incidents where the common tegadelti reached to each other (I’m still at the beginning of the civil war). Another great point is that Badouri is not shy of giving credit to people he accompanied, dead, incarcerated, or alive. This is in spite of the EPLF culture that shies talking about individuals.
      Finally, it is clear that the secret party was the organ deciding life and death matters (I mean the politburo and CC of the party); IA had been its SG all those years. He bears responsibilities of failures and also gets credit for the successes. In the end, the average Eritrean will look at the EPLF in its totality. I am confident history will judge it as a popular front that conducted the liberation war brilliantly but failed at managing statehood. When historians go back and take a look at all the politburo and CC minutes, administrative communications, details of the war…they will find the signature of IA on all papers. They will have to tabulate IA’s positive and negative contributions. I leave that to them. And when that happens people like Aklilu Zere and me are out of the scene.
      IN conclusion: Defectors are poor historians. Open your mind and see the problem from different angles. There are many selfless veterans of the EPLF who have no ax to grind, try to reach them, and we have enough of a material to establish the fact that, even though IA’s role was important, the EPLF was not an organization that would be reduced to IA.

      • Hashela

        Selam Mahmud

        Eager to read Baduri’s book, I googled it and it seems that the book was written and printed in Eritrea (correct me if I am wrong).

        How credible is a book that is writen/printed in PFDJ’s Eritrea and approved by PFDJ’s censorship office?

        • Mahmud Saleh

          Selam,Hashela
          Yes, it was written in Eritrea and thee Ambassador lives there. The Arabic (original) version was released few years back. The Tigrigna version has almost been lost and forgotten until a certain engineer-author discovered it. Badouri gave the ownership of the Tigrigna version to the engineer (i just do not want to misspel his name, i am away from the book). Interestingly, the publisher is not PFDJ publishing house ( hidri). You can guess why.
          As far as credibility, use your critical faculty. Bafouri is ftom among the founders of the secret party and the EPLF. SO, if one is looking for tjings such as ” IA was a CIA/MOSADagent,” they will be disappointed, i think. I am still at atound 1972.

          • Hashela

            Selam Mahmud

            The name of the engineer is Tsegai Teclemicael
            Any idea on how to get the book (in Tigrina)?

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Ahlan Hashela
            I got mine from Eritrea. It is listed in Amazon but not in stock. So, for the time, I would assume you will have to get it from Eritrea. I don’t know if there are other distributors. Thanks for mentioning engineer Tsegai Teclemicael. The translation was done by three veteran translators but he had to edit it. He did a good job at adopting it to Tigrigna language, a smooth reading, indeed.
            In passing, I must say that Ahmed Badouri does not delve in details of the civil war and its causes, he lives that to historians. That was I think a good judgment. He mentions incidents and anecdotes to feed the pace of his narration. He brings to life people we long have forgotten or weren’t given their proper place in the grand scheme.

      • Ismail AA

        Hayak Allah MS,

        I have not read the book you mentioned. But two points in rush: a) which EPLF are you talking about? The ELF- PLF that you wrote Muslims dominated, EPLF post 1976, or EPLF post 1972? b) You wrote EPLF cannot be dwarfed to IA, but can you tell your reader that EPLF took a single major or minor policy decision without final and binding word of Isayas Afewerki after the liquidation of the so called Menka’a faction?

        • Mahmud Saleh

          Dear Ismail Aa
          I’m talking about ELF-PLF (I). To my understanding EPLF leadership was more dynamic than PFDJ’s. But as you know, the leader of any organization has the final say. That’s how organizations work.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Ismailo,

            Finally, this worshipers of Issayas told us their “theory” for which they abided to. The theory is: Issayas is one of us and if you are against Issayas, you are against EPLF. One of them told us straight forward. Can we really debate with such people? I have never seen a brainwashed mind Who lost their conscience to that extent. እንታይ ዓይነት መስተፋቅር እዩ ገይርሎም?

            In politics most of the time the bystanders are attracted and influenced by great communicators, like Hitler, Martin Luther king, JF Kennedy to mention some. But this demigod is neither a communicator nor does he own charismatic gift to conquer their conscience. I can’t even think any kind of “human value” that conquer their souls. It is a big mystery.

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Selam Emma

            OK, you use the glove to touch me, I will use my bare hand. Here is what I said, ” If it takes defending IA to defend our legacy, we will do that, because he was one of us. Period.” Now you can distort the past tense to present tense. That is dishonest. BTW; even now he is one of us. I know the TPLF dependent minds do not understand this. Let me explain: I am an Eritrean. President Isias Afowerki is an Eritrean. Common denominator= Eritrea. Oh, I forgot. According to you he is CIA/MOSAD/Tembien/gonder…!!!!??? WHAT a garbage!!
            Anyway, it is the same. Rememebr4 when I was debating you that you should not kill Eritrea in order to get IA? This is the same. We will not let you butcher the gallant EPLF to get your way to IA. Period. The battle lines have long been drawn.

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Aman H,

            It’s like cult worship or like drag addiction. Some kick it off as the star of the cult leader dims; others die with it even when the leader expire. We have seen it with many despots – recent and past.

            In Ethiopia, there are people who still suffer from Emperor Haileselassie cult; not dare to mention his name. They say Janohoi or Atse with his name added. Of course in our case (Eritrea), the perplexing thing is there are smart and intelligent individuals who are afflicted. The mediocre chunk among them wouldn’t have mattered a bit because they are what they say and made to believe in. You read the frustration they exhibited when they read Aklilu Zere’s article, didn’t you!

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Ismailo,

          Instead they argue to disprove against a well argued piece of Aklilu Zere, they are telling him detractors are not good historian. Who can come to disprove Aklilu’s accounts? No one, except disparaging him in an effort to defend the despot.

      • Amanuel

        Hi MS
        Why are making this to appear as ELF against EPLF? This is IA against the Eritrean people. Most of the victims in this articles are EPLF members. Please stop going about this ELF & EPLF for ever. All we need now is to bring constitutional government urgently. Only Eritrea enemies can benefit from the issue you are discussing.

        • Mahmud Saleh

          Selam Amanuel
          Let me just put this: readers don’t need your translation. No matter what you write, I will never engage you as a serious person. You are simply dishonest.

          • Amanuel

            Hi MS
            Why are you digging deep on the darkest part of our history now. What is its porpuse?
            Me dishonest? ሓባል በልያ ከትቅድመኪ እዩ ናትካ ነገር።

      • Lamek

        Selam MS, you say the following things:

        “IA will and should be studied; he should and will be judged by able historians.”

        “IA had been its SG all those years. He bears responsibilities of failures and also gets credit for the successes. In the end, the average Eritrean will look at the EPLF in its totality.”

        “I am confident history will judge it as a popular front that conducted the liberation war brilliantly but failed at managing statehood.”

        My understanding of Aklilu Zere’s article is that he is not trying to teach anyone History 101 – Ghedli and IA. Moreover, it’s not a referendum on whether IA was a good leader or not a good leader. This is also not EPLF in relation to IA or vice versa.

        What AZ is writing is a prosecutorial argument accusing IA, the individual, of henious crimes which arguably amount to crimes against humanity. We are the jurors and I say guilty as charged.

        Can you refute or confirm that any wrong doing was criminally done on the 100 individuals that AZ listed?

        • Selamat Lamek,

          “…r by his direct orders on the 100 individuals that AZ listed?”

          Lets not exaggerate. Maximum 10% of the people Aklilu Zere listed may have been victimized as in murdered or made to disappear. Some names were mentioned several time in several paragraphs.

          It is the way he wrote it and his theme of murder and mayhem that makes you believe all the names listed were victims. So again lets not exaggerate. There may very well be 100 or more elsewhere but not in this essay.

          tSAtSE

          • Berhe Y

            Hi iSAtSE,

            How much the number needs to be to compel you to be outraged?

            Even by your non exaggerated amount of 10%, let’s say the number is only 10. Is this not enough for you.

            Please don’t try to win an arguemebt by finding flows in the article (like repeated names etc) but rather the truth behind the article.

            If you really, really want to correct the duplicate, it’s easy to filter the numbers and eliminate the duplicates and cone up with the exact number. I will be happy to do that for you, if you like but I wouldn’t waste my efforts if it means nothing to you, which is you don’t care. You will to defend IA actions until eternity.

            Berhe

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Berhe (Abi-seb),

            There is no any flaw on the article of Aklilu. If the names are repeated, it is for different reasons and arguments. The individuals could be pertinent to multiple arguments. Just in case to bring to your attention. The opponents are just doing it purposefully to disparage him.

  • Paulos

    Selam Moderator,

    My comment got stuck with Disqus. Not sure why. Thanks.

  • Paulos

    ሰላም ብሩኻት ህዝበይ,

    ቀዳማይ ክፋል [Part One],

    ኣብ መፋርቅ 80ታት ኣቢሉ ይኸውን ሓደ መንእሰይ ናይ ክረምቲ ወቕቲ ስለዝነበረ ንዕረፍቲ ካብ ኣዲስ ኣበባ ዩኒቨርሲቲ ነ’ስመራ ናብ ቤተሰቡ ይመጽእ፣ ጉዕሽ [ዳሓን ንሕጂ ሽሙ ጉዕሽ ንበሎ] ናይ ፍልስፍና ናይ ቀዳማይ ዓመት ተማሃራይ እዩ ኔሩ።

    ሓደ ሰምበት ኣቡኡ ኣዝማድ ስለዝኾንና ንገዛና ሒዞሞ ይመጹ: ምሳሕ ተበሊዑ ምስተወደአ ቡን ሻሂ ተፈሊሑ እንዳ ተሰትየ’ኸሎ ሓወቦይ ምራጭ ንጉዕሽ እንታይ ኢኻ ትማሃር ዘለኻ ኢሉ ይሓቶ፣ ጉዕሽ’ካኣ ፍልስፍና እየ ዝማሃር ዘለኹ ኢሊ ይምልሰሉ፣ እሞ ብዛዕባ ፍረድሪክ ኒቻ እንታይ ርኢቶ ኣለካ ኢሉ ሓወቦይ ይሓቶ፣ ጉዕሽ ርእሱ ብምድናን ብዛዕባ ናቱ ፍልስፍና ንዓመታ ኢና ከንማሃሮ ግን እቶም ልዕሌና ዘለው ተማሃሮ ከምዝብልዎ ናይ ኒቻ ጹሑፋትን ፍልስፍናን ብዑምቀት ክትርዶኦ ከቢድ እዩ ይብሉ።

    ንሱ ልክዕ ኣለኻ ሓሳባቱን ጹሑፋቱን ንኽትርዶኦ ከቢድ ክኸውን ይኽእል፣ ከቢድ ክገብሮ ካብ ዝኽእል ምኽንያት ሓደ፣ እቲ መብዛሕቱ መጻሕፍቱ ብጀካ እታ ሓንቲ ማሰተር ፒስ [Master-Piece] ዝኾነት መጽሓፉ “ዛስ ስፖክ ዛራቱስራ” [Thus Spoke Zarathusra] ዘርእስታ ብፕሮዝ [Prose] መልክዕ ዝተጻሕፈት ተዘይኮይኑ፣ እተን ካልኦት መጻሕፍቱ ማለት ከም’ባዓል “ጂኖሎጂ ኦፍ ሞራልስ” [Genealogy Of Morals], “ብዮንድ ጉድ ኤንድ ኢቭል” [Beyond Good And Evil] ብናይ ኣፎሪዝም [Aphorism] ማለት ብሓሐጸርቲ ጥቕስታት መልክዕ እየን ተጻሒፈን፣ ነሱ ጥራሕ ዘይኮነ እዘን ክልተ ብጥቕስታት መልክዕ ዝተጻሕፋ መጻሕፍቱ፣ ዳርጋ ብዙሕ ሓድሽ ሓሳብ የብለንን፣ ናይታ ቀንዲ መጽሓፉ ኮመንታሪ [[Commentary] እየን፣ ዋላ እታ ናይ መጨረሽታ መጽሓፉ ቅድሚ ሙማቱ ዝጻሓፋ “ኤቸ ሆሞ” [Ecce Homo] ተማሳሳሊ መሰረታዊ ሓሳባት እዩ ዘለዋ።

    እቲ ቀንዲ መሰረታዊ ሕቶ ክንሓቶ ዘለና፣ ኒቻ ናይ ብሓቂ በቲ ቀንዲ ትርጉም ናይ ፈላስፋ፣ ፈላስፋ’ድዩ ኔሩ? ብዙሓት ናይ ፍልስፍና ሊቃውንቲ ነዚ ሕቶዚ ብኣሉታ ይምልስዎ፣ እንታይ’ዳኣ ኒቻ ናይ ባህሊ ክሪቲክ [Cultural Critique] እዩ ኔሩ ይብሉ። ምናልባሽ እዚ ኣባሃህላ’ዚ ሓቅነት ዘለዎ ይመስል።

    ሓወቦይ ነቲ ዕምባባ ካብቲ መብልዒቁርሲ እንዳሓፈሰ ከምዚ ክብል ዘረብኡ ቀጸለ…..

    • Haile S.

      ኣንታ ጳውሎስ,

      እዚ ኢሰያስ ዝብሃል’ሲ፡ ከምዚ ከማኻ “ሰላም ብሩኻት ህዝበይ” ኢሉ ዘረብ ዝጅምር እንተዝኸውን፡ እቲ ቀጺሉ ዝዛረቦ ዘረባ ከመይ ብመቐረት ምበከሎ ነይሩ። ሰላም ብሩኻት ህዝበይ፡ ኢልካ ስለ ዝጀመትካ እንሆ ንጨን ምራጨን ኣቀራሪብካ።

      • Paulos

        Selam Hailat,

        Smile would have sufficed to the very least but the guy is cold.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      ዶ/ር ጳውሎስ,

      Prose = “ስዲ ንባብ” ክበሃል ይከኣልዩ እመስለኒ:: Second, Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche is more cultural critic and a poet than a philosopher, from reading his works.

  • Amanuel

    Hi Ismail AA
    Horizon plan is to kill two birds with one stone. First to distract us from the issues at hand for example in this case, from the above article which exposes IA for what he is. Second to test his annexist ideas if it works. He doesn’t care about the suffering of Eritreans as far as Ethiopian is in control of the Red Sea.

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Amanuel,

      I have no clue whether or not wishful thinking and political expendiencies synchronise in imaginations. Trying to cast present politics to serve future objectives aimed at return to relations history had laid to rest through blood and iron amounts to debilitating fixation.

  • said

    Greetings,
    Murder and killing are not new with NUS regime sadly .Little thought of the victims of NUS/EPLF aggression is evident. after all the tens of hundreds being killed and slaughtered for no crime committed ,for nothing, after all the torture they went through, , just for being true patriotic and justice loving . very astonishing thing is that some intelligent and smart EPLF leadership don’t notice crime when their compatriot neutralized and murdered . This lack of compassion for human suffering at the hands of Nus/EPLF and the complicit leadership, is a travesty. It exposes widespread apathy at a level that belies imagination, and uncovers the glaring lie that EPLF were exceptional front. The breve ,exceptional and courage ones are those who stand against Nus/EPLF tyranny, not those who complicit leadership of EPLF that represents the murder and slaughter of innocents and courageous EPLF Tegadelaty . cold Blood Murder and killing is not just on the hands of Nus/EPLF tyrant leadership but also sadly Tegadelaty hired to murder for Nus/EPLF, it is also on the hands of Shabai as whole who do nothing to stop it. If the refused Tegadelaty to do the bidding Nus/EPLF tyrant leadership and today for state Eritrea , no Murder and killing could take place. If Eritrean public as whole stood against Murder and killing and including war, no one will die for Nus . and therefore Murder and killing will continue unabated until either Eritrean people wake as whole or Eritrean soldiers find the moral courage to say no more enough is enough . It is a vey sad situation ,horrible ,inhuman, disgraceful and shameful reality that should turn the stomach of any Eritrean who believe in human decency.
    Worshiping the purveyors of NUS war monger is no different than worshiping Nus/EPLF Murder and killer itself, but this distinction is lost in the brainwashed minds of those hardcore lost who hold NUS demigod . then Eritrea as a whole has lost its way. Nus carnage will not stop until the people Eritrea chose stop it. It never stops and It will only continue to get much worse and will lead to total devastation. Eritrean faller and decline is largely self-inflicted. It is now or never. Eritrea should stands up for freedom and democracy.

    • Blink

      Dear Said
      You will continue to cry fool and get nothing if you don’t come to the reality. EPLF history bashing has been on spiral road for almost 20 years thanks to the failure of issian and also some ex-ELF losers adding to the burner supplied by weyane . You will remain still in the corner of such mission even after the dictator at home . What have you ? Complaint from Iraq , Germany and many corners of the 1980th residents can never have any tangible wound over the bravery of EPLF. Your dream will die with you and it will not be mentioned as you wished . EPLF achievements despite the sky high odds will remain the corner stone of Eritrea as a country.

  • Ismail AA

    Hi all,
    Past couple of days Disqus is quarantining my posts under “pending” rubric. Any hint or it is a task for the moderators.

  • Selam All,

    An Eritrean delegation led by the Foreign Minister of Eritrea on an official visit to Ethiopia, a message on bilateral relations and regional development from president IA delivered to pm Abiy, bilateral high level meeting to assess progress in bilateral cooperation between the two countries taking place, and it was said few days ago that the draft agreement was ready. Where do things stand, and where are they going?

    Can we say that the die is cast and there is no going back. The two governments want it, the people want it, world governments want it, and it is only some in the opposition, and especially eritean die-hard tplfists, who hate it. The eu and the usa have vowed to support the reforms taking place in ethiopia and the whole region, stability in ethiopia gradually improving, and the lone travelers (tplf) are being left behind, and they have no idea where they are going and what to do next. One can bet on better days coming for the two peoples. It does not mean that the struggle for democracy and justice will stop, because peace, economic cooperation and rapprochement between the two countries and people are implemented, before dictatorship is deposed in eritrea.

    • Hayat Adem

      Hi Horizon,
      Madelleine Albright said this in her last book called FASCISM: When Donald Trump talks about “Putting America first”, he is stating the obvious because no serious politician has proposed putting America 2nd. Don’t be Mr. Obvious here. No body is against the peace or the rapproachment or even improved cooperation. But, like any deal, it has some details. And we are not aware of the details, are you?. All Eritreans and maybe some Ethiopians are just asking “what is it in there?”. Isn’t that a fair question to come from citizens when the stakes are high to their nation?

      • Simon Kaleab

        Selam Hayat,

        Madelleine Albright? Not very bright.

        The globalist elite were benefiting individually, while America’s industrial backbone is being broken piece by piece. Yet, they were claiming to ‘put America first’.

        China was dumping cheap goods from its sweat shops, manipulating its currency, creating tariff barriers to protect its domestic market, and stealthily stealing American technology through hacking.

        Then comes a dark horse, a non-politician, Donald Trump, who vows to stop the gravy train, and upset the apple cart. Now, the entire political class, the FBI, CIA, the Justice department, the media and Hollywood, corrupt to the core, are rattled and up in Arms.Too much smoke, no fire. The coup d’etat will fail. Corrupt cop Mueller investigation will close with a whimper next week.

      • Hi Hayat Adem,

        Are you aware of the amharic proverb “ስጋ ቁጠር ቢሉት ጣፊያን አንድ አለ”. Of all the people you brought madam Albright, the woman who is known for saying the shameful thing that ‘it is worth that half a million iraqi children should die so that american policy is imposed in the region’. This is how obvious she is and you also are, you by standing vanguard for tplf’s cause. She is no better than Trump, and she is not telling the truth when she says that “america first” is benign, and accepted by all american leaders. It is a far-right and fascistic rhetoric, and not that Trump says what every leader who works for the good of his country would say.

        Dictator MHM had the motto ‘ethiopia first’, and we all remember its ugly face. Trump flirts with fascism, not because he is for the greatness of america, but for his beliefs in the superiority of the whiteman, his cosy relations with the far-right, his anti-immigrant, anti-islam, and anti-minority stand including his anti-semitism, which she and netanyahu have accommodated, as long as it serves the interest of israel. There is hypocrisy on her side as there is on your side.

        Nobody believes that you will accept any agreement that does not have tplf at the center of things and the mover and shaker of the politics of the region. You oppose the agreement and you have no patience to wait and see, because your aim is to revive tplf at any cost. Any agreement would benefit the people one way or the other, as things stand today. Better to condemn a government for its democratic credentials and not for the possibility of betraying the country and the people, simply because some believe that there are eritreans who are more eritrean than others.

        Have you said anything in public on tplf vacating the contested land and on demarcation, when the ethiopian pm has accepted to abide by the eebc decision? I personally do not know. Continue investing on tplf, until the resurrection of the bankrupt and defunct organization, which will never happen. It is all about loyalty.

        • Hayat Adem

          Horizon,
          When it comes to demarcation, the only two considerations I have are 1) it has to be legal and transparent, 2) it has to consider people. Otherwise, I don’t lose sleep on swapping a samll land here and there. Yours is like evacuating Badime, demarcating now and get the Tplf out. I am not saying that is necessarily a bad idea and I would understand if Eritreans insisted on getting there. But out of curiosity, let me ask you this: why are you urging for demarcation now and leaving Badime? Abiy and IA didn’t say it has to be done. They are willing to go ahead and sign other agreements. Are you saying you want them to pause that process now and demarcate the border first? From your view criticizing me on not asking the Tplf on not taking such a stand to handover Badime before demarcation, your answer seems pointi g to yes, and I want you to explain your reasons for taking such a stand?

          • Peace!

            Hi Hayat,

            I am sure there are tones of good ideas on implementing the demarcation process, but the obvious problem rather is the absence of cooperation. Are you saying TPLF is cooperating it just both leaders are not giving the issue of demarcation priority? Or, TPLF doesn’t agree with the Algeries agreement therefore its objections is justified?

            Peace!

          • Hayat Adem

            Peace,
            Demarcation and border is a country to country matter. If both leaders are not discussing it or complaining about it, rather they are moving with other agreements like trade, immigration, infrastructures, and ports, that means border and demarcation is not a priority on both sides. Besides, the Tplf is involved in the crossing border openings as well. Why, are you and now Horizon so consumed on this? My assumption you think this will corner Tplf further. And you maybe right. But what does Eritrea or Ethiopia get out of that? It is a wrong calculation if Tplf thinks it can comply with a big political price, that means it will survive it unscratched. If it thinks, it will cost it, then it will fight tooth and nail. It will mobilize the people around it. And Eritrea and Ethiopia will risk the peace they seem to have achieved now. So, let me ask you one question: what is the use and purpose of pushing this border agenda now?

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hayat,

            The purpose of pushing the border agenda is, because it was the cause of the bloody war that took them to the international arbitration court to resolve it. Without the “demarcation of the border” there is no a lasting peace. And the way of the current moves of the two leaders is very consequential to our sovereignty.

          • Hayat Adem

            Yes Emma,
            My take is there are three options when it comes to the border: 1) Either the two governments must make a new border agreement, 2) implement the APA to the letter and spirit which means restore Unmee, TSZ, EEBC, other commissions etc or work detailed amendment to APA rather than going back to recreate the entire integrity or 3) leave it as is and pursue other cooperations opportunities

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hayat,

            Why do you bring these options, while we have a done deal ruling from EEBC? At this juncture, what they have to do is, follow the ruling for which both governments at this point have fully accepted it. If they are sensible leaders, they could make some swapping of lands on the Central Zone (which the ruling allows if both sides agree), a land to address the concern of the inhabitants of both sides. If they don’t agree to make that, then they must finalize the demarcation according the delimitation on the map.

            Second, at this point, once the two leaders become friends, you don’t need the UMEE and TSZ. What they need is a technical support from the UN (cartographers) to put the markers (pillars) on the ground. That is all. Hayat, from your comment I sensed that you don’t support the border to be demarcated. We need our borders demarcated, even more so when I hear the words that comes out from the Ethiopian leaders.

            Third, on the Eritrean side, we don’t have legitimate institutions, constitutions, and government structures (like legislative body that approves or ratify agreements). Even if it is not detrimental to our sovereignty, without those structures on our side, it is not possible to implement any agreement. You know it will be null and void after the despot. It is irrational from your side to think about cooperation with two incompatible governments, so to speak.

          • Hayat Adem

            Hi Emma,
            I was just listing the possible options of which the mood of the day with the two leaderships will dictate one approach over the other.
            Do I support the ruling or its implementation? My view on this is irrelevant. Verdicts are meant to be binding. That is one part of the reality. The other part is, verdicts are meant to be solving problems as well.
            Don’t forget, the ruling was sought to solve a problem and bring peace between the two peoples. So, peace and justice are the ultimate goal here.
            So, since the deadlock and impasse of the no-peace and no-war are overcome, why don’t we seek solutions that lead us to peace and justice.
            The war was not because of the border. The border was used as a pretext. Addressing pretexts by legal means solves no problem. It only sets you in search of another pretext.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hayat,

            Whether it was a pretext or real cause, the two leaders took as to war as a border war. They went to the arbitration court to resolve the border issue. They gave their verdict, and finally both leaders accepted the ruling. It should be implemented.

            Second, whether it should take us to war or not, Badme and its environs was claimed by both TPLF and ELF during liberation era, and later between EPRDF Government and PFDJ Government. So “the border problem was real” that took lives during the liberation era and after liberation as Governments. So not only you are dishonest on the issue, but you are also dishonest that you are indirectly against the Eritrean Sovereignty. You were against the Eritrean liberation, which made you against the Eritrean independence. Now you saw the rhetorics of the Ethiopian leaders, and in the hope of the “medemer theory” you start to advocate against demarcation. Now if you are against demarcation, what makes you different the TPLFites who still are occupying our lands. You always accuse to many forumers that they are irrational, illogic, and hypocrites when they argue to reclaim our land. Can you see into yourself what kind of game you are playing. You can’t be at the same time “against and for” the current agreement. You oppose the PM who is the driver of the agreement but you support the project of integration as a project. You told us I will not be against history “the Eritrean independence” once it happened. But you seem you retracted it, just from your argument. I see a crystal clear of dishonest in you.

          • AliSalim

            Selam Hayat,

            I agree with your take on the border. Like you said I think we are dealing with several foxes. They all agree that the EEBC ruling and significance of the border is structurally meaningless since the direction is towards opening the border to Medemer anyway.

            For TPLF (they know they lost the ball) all they want is to use the border to negotiate concessions and minimize harm. For Abby it is a tool to make the TPLF look bad. For PFDJ they might have more in mind and may actually believe the border is meaningless if and only if things go as planned towards integration. All they care about at the moment is to impress Abby and the nationalists and they may be prepared to pay anything in exchange.

            For the opposition that had no interest in the border all along, it is the TPLF hangover or syndrome.

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Selam Dear Hayat Gual Adem, Marshal Ali Salim (and someone who did not want me to mention him…haha..)
            Article four of the Jeddah agreement reads: “The two countries will implement the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission decision.”
            Either TPLF is part of the ruling party, considers itself bound by Ethiopia’s laws, hence, abides by what the Ethiopian parliament decides, OR declare it is an outcast, declare article 39 and head to Dedebit to start the third Wayane… No room is left for spinning, the agreement is clear. T Both countries agreed to implement the EEBC ruling.

            AS far as parliaments and what have you, (GI tSaTse calling), countries don’t have the same legislative mechanism. This is Pol101): some have parliaments, some have kings, some have military dictators, and others have PFDJ-doms…Your Ambassador Hussein Rudwan should be fired for angering bxaay IA, who told him Eritrea has a parliament? It is soon to have one and both of you are not eligible….Ali Salim for being Ali Salim and your highness for being above all earthly laws…Anyway, Eritrea has a government (you may not agree with); oit has been conducting diplomacy, signing for peace and calling for war, signing treating on regional blocs such as AU and the Saudi-led coalition; it has signed three Algiers agreement, it has been custodian of the EEBC ruling, so what is the loud far for, your highness (I’m just messing..you don’t fart, not at all, Gi, I’m too old to use the language, anyway, kemey kemey…

          • Peace!

            Hi Hayat

            What do you mean NOW? The border issue has been on for the last 20 years, and more importantly, it is an issue that Eritreans paid a heavy price although the dictator has foolishly chosen to use it as a political device. Therefore, it doesn’t matter whether he or Abiy see the issue as less important. Any decision by disowned dictator doesn’t represent peoples’ interest and has no moral legitimacy to prioritize anything.

            Peace!

          • Senay Zer

            Dear Peace — You see, as I said the other day, every indication is that TPLF is more interested in playing political games than put an end to the border conflict and help restore relation between Eritrea and Tigray. Too bad!

          • Peace!

            Hi Senay Zer,

            Did you see that? Perhaps she thinks demarcating the border is not the right price for the beautiful letter she posted the other day that now she is back to sabotaging the reproachement in the hope of killing two birds with one stone: kill the demarcation and restore the looting license.

            Peace!

          • Hi Hayat Adem,

            It is nice to know that at least on this (the border issue and the decision of the eebc) you do not seem to follow completely tplf footsteps, because tplf seems to drags its feet on the subject. It is possible that tplf could be a big obstacle. The details are not important, if, when and how the two governments are going to implement it.

          • Hayat Adem

            Horizon,
            Can you answer my question without dancing around? I asked you why you (Ethiopian) want Tplf (Ethiopian) to leave Badime (now in Ethiopia) when PM Abiy (Ethiopian leader) and IA (Eritrean leader) are not tabling it as a priority?

          • Hayat Adem,

            You are spinning things. This was my question. “Have you said anything in public on tplf vacating the contested land and on demarcation, when the ethiopian pm has accepted to abide by the eebc decision?”This is about your stand on the subject, and not about when and how. Did i say “now”. That is in the hands of the two governments.

            Are you saying why i (an ethiopian) is saying tplf (ethiopian) should leave badme (in ethiopia) instead of standing with tplf? Are you questioning my patriotism in this way? If so, you should remember that it is your tplf who went for arbitration (final and binding). Should it not respect its signature. Where do you see the problem in my response?

          • Hayat Adem

            Dear Horizon,
            That is because, some months ago, you told Semere Tesfay in this forum, ” When governments refuse to listen, they are kicked out. It is as simple as that. If, for example, the people of tigray says “NO”, do you expect the ethiopian government to send the army against them? Do you believe that such a thing would ever happen in ethiopia?”
            Because when you were addressing Berhe Y in relation to the visit of Yamamato, you said, ” i see that unreasonably too much is expected of the visit. It seems as if the eritrean regime and the american official will decide in ethiopia’s absence what ethiopia is to hear and then do, which is to get out of badme, as simple as that. Otherwise, sanctions and what not will follow. I do not believe that it will be as simple as that without ethiopia having her own position heard and taken into consideration. Two main points: a) eritrea refuses negotiations of any sort, while ethiopia demands negotiations, b) ethiopia says implementation of the eebc ruling after restoring relations, while eritrea says, implementation first. It seems that it is not going to be a smooth journey.”
            Because, you Horizon, some years back when you were replying to a forumer called Kaleab here, you declared EEBC’s decision is dead when you said: “The issue of the eebc decision is with us since 2004, I think, and we have discussed it a million times. Nobody can really give it a new life, at least for the time being.
            As much as I can, I try to see the issue in two perspectives. I really do not know if the so-called “final and binding” agreement is legally binding under international law. Moreover, I do not know if there are guarantors who would force the decision to be implemented, whether the other party likes it or not. If there is such a thing, why is that nobody wants to carry out its responsibility of forcing ethiopia? Secondly, if there is no such a thing as legally binding or a guarantor, then there is no other way than the good will of the two governments, to solve the problem. Last time, if I am not mistaken, it was Saay, i think, who told us that if both parties want, they can discuss to overcome minor issues of implementation. This means that after all the decision might not be legally binding 100%.
            I personally ”
            Because some years back, you Horizon, you told Blue Asmara right here that the agreement is cancled by both sides. You said this:
            “For all practical purposes, the agreement was cancelled by both governments. When the eritrean regime in breach of the agreement, drove out the eebc and occupied the demilitarized zone, it was equivalent to saying that the agreement was null and void. You insist that ethiopia should be sanctioned and forced to comply. When both parties do not abide by the agreement, the world community is no more interested.”
            Because, one time, you even asked the Eritrean opposition to let go the Badime case and move on. In your exact words: ” Can the opposition take a step beyond Badme and demarcation and build mutual friendship first, and leave the issue for a later day, or, is solving the problem of Badme and demarcation, the only bridge that can join both people? This is a question that should be answered, after so many years of a standstill.”
            Today, I asked you to explain why you wanted me to encourage the Tplf to let Badime go and implement the EEBC ruling at this time. You accused me of spinning and you asked me if I really was questioning your patriotism. Yes, but it really is more than that. You are one hell of a hypocrite and a fake person. I am not saying this lightly. It is after I have watched you slipping fast into a habit of short-changing principles and truths for hate driven pettiness. I despise and contempt characters like yours.

          • Hayat Adem,

            You are a good liar. You lie by telling half the truth. You are slippery like a fish in water. People have understood you more than you understand yourself. You have lost the trust of most people, and you are losing their respect as well. Just read how people are responding to you. You are really a big loser.

          • Hayat Adem

            What Horizon,
            Cover up your shame the way you like it but, these are direct quotes. No place for low end pretentious characters. Deal with it!

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam.hayat a
            1st 3A never said it is not a priority, he said our relationship with eritrea is not limited to only border demarcation, it is morethan that, if u try to understand the content of his motives and why he said that , u can clearly understand he didn’t mean border demarcation is not a priority.
            but to answer why the need of demarcation? 1, it is occupied territory of eritrea, so it’s a right thing to do. 2, it has been the main source of conflict for over 20 years,so it is very important for everlasting peace. 3, more importantly it will reduce the excuse to interfere on eachother country poltics.

          • Alex

            Hi Hayat,
            PMAA and PIA need first to weaken and neutralize TPLF before they can go ahead with demarcation. The reason is from the day PMAA accepted the EEBC decision TPLF have been an obstacle by instigating the tigray people to protest against the PMAA decision.

        • Simon Kaleab

          Selam Horizon,

          You are a typical vacuum head who speaks before thinking. How can you accuse Trump of being anti-Semitic while he has a Jewish son-in-law, Jewish convert daughter and Jewish grandchildren?

          By the way, entering the USA as a migrant is a PRIVILEGE and not a RIGHT. Try, for example, to tell Japan or Saudi Arabia to practice an open door immigration policy.

          • Hi Simon Kaleab,

            I remember well, when Trump came to power you worshiped him. You called him the ‘alpha male’ and you even gave him the right to grope and grab women. For you he is the strong man, the superior human being, and the principled.
            So what, if his son-in-law is a jew and his daughter has adopted the jewish religion? It is a marriage of big money and big interests, and the jewish race and religion play no role for unprincipled man like him.
            Trump is even accused for his relations with people like putin, who is accused for many things.
            Evangelical christians, white supremacists and the far-right know very well who trump really is, a closet anti-semitic, and that is one of the reasons they voted for him and continue to support him. Fascists supporting a lover of jews. Where did you hear it?
            Let me ask, where do you fit in the whole story? What have you filled your head with? Let me not say.

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Horizon,

            You are incoherent.

            By the way, Trump never said he has “the right to grope and grab women.” What he said was something to the effect that: if you are famous and powerful, they will let you grab them. This is true and a fact of life.

            Even worse things could happen, such as what serial molester Bill Clinton did and crooked Hilary supporting him by harassing the victims.

            The Russia issue? Bad cop Mueller is so desperate that he has resorted to using dirty tactics such as intimidating people associated with Trump to lie by tipping off the fake media to film his early morning FBI raids.

            I will give you a simple analogy to help your thick skull understand the matter. Suppose person ‘A’ is accused of committing murder. What dirty cop Mueller is doing is similar to harassing persons ‘B’ and ‘C’, former associates of person ‘A’, to falsely testify against ‘A’. However, if they refuse to lie, Mueller tries to blackmail them by bringing charges unrelated to person ‘A’, such as traffic or banking related or other irrelevant offences committed years ago.

    • Yacob

      Nab Horizon

      you make a nice joke. Are you telling us about Eritrea or Sweden.

      • Yacob

        How many people live now in Eritrea comparing to our historical enemy Ethiopia. I don not think you have intelligent mind if you are really from Eritrea.

        • Yacob

          The only solution to Eritrea is border demarcation and implement a provisional government.

  • Selamat All,

    Powerful gifted writer. You feel like you are watching a scene in a room with a board. You pin a name on top of a chart, mention almost every actor in detail with the skeleton geometry back ground, compose a hypnotic rhythm and rhyme, repeat a characterization weave with your needle and thread, add color and depth to the story, take pride to a style of writing prior to your concluding remarks and VOILA! A standing ovation for the skilled story teller but it isn’t a convincing historical narration though it smells, feels and tastes like one. It is merely another historical novel told in the dark genre, Yeah, yeah, that’s it 20 percent dark matter 70 percent dark energy and 5 percent matter. What does it matter keep adding to the blitz which is what matters to you most.

    tSAtSE

  • Hayat Adem

    Hello friends,
    I don’t know how I missed this article if it is being republished now. It is nice and has one pointer: one who is evil to the living is evil to the dead. And remember how this evil man exploits the martyrs. YG was also right early on when he said to the effect: either the bullets only know how to selectively kill only the good ones or all must have been a fiasco.
    Any way, the time has come to tighten the noose on the sadist. What must happen will happen. It is a payback time. Thanks Aklilu!

    • Selamat Hayat Adem,

      Nab godobo Adina tgeishi kab ‘halekhis izza debdabie nHaweboy itti Harestay Zere temaliileyy. KtieEm ikua iti Eilalu.

      Slezii Hayata Gual Qeshi Hailu

      bzeyy beAkhi Cheww neybilu

      nEiy ‘ndoh missayy WeAAli

      yEElilli Hade Abalu Hade Aballu!

      ittaa debdabiey:

      Selamat Aklilu Zere,

      tSAtSE

      • Hayat Adem

        tSatse,
        You are so generous to me. I have so many beautiful stories about tSatSe, the insect. Since you are saying, missayy WeAAli, I will have a chance to share them with you as a payback.

  • Selamat Aklilu Zere,

    Amora (The Volture) A Masterpiece! It is as if the Sadist himself is narrating his life story. Every name of the notable and novel Eritrean liberation front fighters rhythmically is weaved in a who was there when and where the brave tell us our history in a fairy tale. I can safely say this would be one of the references I would keep handy If I were pressed and rushed to produce for a purpose a notable and novel fighter once upon a time. On top of whom there is a sadist no one prevails over or survives.

    Genius you are on the one hand a historian hypnotist clearly on a level much more credible than Yemane TeckleGiorgis’ Ab Sahil kiedna Intai AmtsiEna in which we get a glimpse of the hero sadist leader being dismissive of another notable fighter. One wanders whether or not exist a time to blitz and pound the portrait of a sadist hero into the psych of the population.
    Is it for the sake of telling a compelling story? How credible is the eye which generously lists the whispered Eritrean names weaving a story with rhythm and rhyme and coronates atop all of them your sadist king?

    I am picturing you the Sherlock Holmes with a magnifying glass on the one hand and with the other your dog sniffing in vane. The evil genius sadist king eludes them once again! Oh why didn’t the gallant ones notice before? What bedeviling magician extraordinary sadist hero is this land of ours cursed with?

    Man you should write Amora (The Volture)!! As for Isaias the Mystical Sadist, it seems the waves (Iti MaEbel) these days people are glad to surf. Lulybaays songs to keep alive a story full of heroins and heroes sculpting the evil goods they produced back when they were alive.

    tSAtSE

  • Berhe Y

    Dear Paulino,

    I dare you to find any Eritrean younger than 20 years named Isayas.

    Berhe

    • Paulos

      Selam Berhino,

      You got a point. I actually never thought about it.

      As you know, It is the name of one of the greatest prophets narrated in the Good Book and it is really a pity our collective conscience denies us [for a valid reason] to name a new born baby boy as such በሰነኪ እዚ ርኹስ ዝኾነ ሰብኣይ።

      P.S. Hope the following names would be added: Yemane, Alamin, and Hagos.

      • Saleh Johar

        Hi Paulos,
        You reminded me of something. Hagos, a religious neutral name, was popularized during the reign of Yohannes. My great-great grandfather was Hagos.

      • Haile S.

        Selam Paul & Berhe,

        I hate to play my role, the contrarian, but I couldn’t avoid it now. The reason people are not giving those names is most likely due to what YG wrote about few years ago. Who names his son Haile or Berhe now? I always argue with my younger siblings pocking them why they don’t name that cute baby ጉዕሽ፡ ኣዛም or ብርጭቆ. No one listens. The fashion now is to dig deep in the bible and find the rarest of names. 20+ years back Yohana was one of the most common. Tomorrow, I will let you predict.

        • Paulos

          Hailat,

          ጉዕሽ፣ ብርጭቆ? 😂😂😂.

          I know an Eritrean guy who got ditched by an Eritrean girl because she thought his name was “retarded” and a turn off. It wasn’t without reason they say, ሽም ይመርሕ ጥዋፍ የብርህ!

          • Haile S.

            ጳውሎስ፡

            በል እዚ ስሃቕካ ጠጠው ኣብሎ 🙂 :-). ኣንታ፡ እታ ቀዳመይቲ ጓል ዓርከቦይ እያ። እታ ካልኣይቲ ሓትነይ እያ ትብጽሓኒ። ብርጭቆ ማለት crystal እኮ እዩ! ጽናሕ 👌፡ ክተርእየኒ ኢኻ፡ ናይ ምራጭ ትርጉም እንተዘይኣምጺኤልካ 🙂 🙂 🙂 🙂 ።

      • Amanuel

        Hi Paulos & Berhe Y
        I know a young man threatening his parents that as soon as he is old enough, he will change his name.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Dr Paulos,

        You might find that looks odd names from the Children of the ghedli generation. They give names something related with the nature of ghedli and the impact in their lives. For example “Duta” is a hill around Barentu where it took hundreds of ELF fighters to dislodge the enemy from its fortress. My friend, in memory his comrades who died on that difficult fortress, he called his daughter “Duta.” Many names like Tebeges, Fenan, Degen, walta…etc are common with our generations kids. Always names has meaning and has history to them. No surprise with uncommon names.

        • Paulos

          Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

          I agree. Given names more often than not reflect the times the babies born in. As it happens, I am about to say a thing or two about Frederick Nietzsche and he was born the day the King of Prussia Frederick the Great died. And his parents named him after the King. And it impacted his philosophy about life in general.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Doctore,

            Here you go. Waiting with great enthusiasm.

    • Nitricc

      Hi Berhe; why do you take your hate to the highest order. It is just a name and you have somehow implicate in to your messed up reasoning. in that case I dare you to find any human younger than 70 years old named Berhe! How about that? If it wasn’t for your futility, names are timely; they go with real time. Would have expected hundreds of Kenyan children to be named Obama? Don’t hate Issaias because he is better man than you ever you are and ever will be, just a name.

      • Berhe Y

        Nitricc,

        Hangol Derho you getting dumber and dumber . If you go to Austria, you expect people naming their sons still Wolfgang in honour of Mozart. I don’t think in Germany people call their son Adolf (May be the extreme right) but most they don’t.

        What Paulos saying is, there are not many people in Eritrea who name their son Isayas in honour of Isayas Afeworki (May be you will be the exception) but you may soon find many in Amhara or Oromo:).

        There are many Ethiopians who still name their son Menelik or Alula. It has nothing to do with the name being out of style like Berhe or Haile today.

        But I bet you in the future when truth told freely, I guarantee there will be Haile (for Haile Durue), Sherifo (for Mohmoud Sherifo) and many others that Aklilu listed partially.

        Berhe

  • Haile S.

    መዓልካ ጳውሎስ,

    ነጠባ ነጢቡኒ
    ውሕጅ መሺሉዎ ጸሪጉ ዝወስደኒ
    ኣብ ክንዲ ዘተርክስ፡ መሊሹ ኣድሪቑኒ

    • Paulos

      Hailat,

      If they only knew!

  • said

    Greetings
    Thank you Aklilu Zere
    An Excellent Sweeping Article by a very-well informed Zere that Must be Thoroughly and Painstakingly read. Your article is one of the very best in my opinions and timely .You have being in the front ahead of time and your written is presented most objectively as a medium of dialogue to invite participation and the chipping in by all learned persons of their objective detached opinions to help give an opinion as no one at the end of the day is privy to the ultimate truth or possessing a final answer. This meant as an exercise to inviting a serious discussion with no hidden agendas attached.
    A free thinker like AZ who resides mostly in the West most probably ; a learned and worldly gentleman who, retains much compassion and genuine caring for the downtrodden Eritrean and sincerely wishes for their permanent deliverance and wellbeing; how to reconcile directorship, i.e. referring to the system of government in Eritrea, with the no inclusive Universal Revolutionary Values that the Eritrean System of Government is openly displaying?

    Eritrean – who feel humiliation and a deep sense of helplessness before the constant aggression, designs and incredible arrogance of power of similar to Colonialist state of Ethiopia.
    In other words, as so many of the free Eritrean, rather free people of the world identify with Eritrean legitimate grievances and concerns dealing with a bellicose Nus. and besides tiny corrupt lackey Unionist reactionary Eritrean willing to go as far as sleeping with the enemy, the question remains, “What’s Eritrea as nation and what is affecting Eritrean today .End Game as to the kind of System of Governance and set of associated ideological values attached to it once peace ultimately dawns and all upsetting security issues have vanished, this not a hypothetical question at best as is?”
    Unfortunately, taking the optic of Universal Values,
    The current system of governance and the state ideology in Eritrea is controlled by one man It seems to me as an observer who can equally judge by historic facts and records, deep down no harm is done except being constrained by despondent hard core worshiper of NUS ethos to identify with such fascist ideology and a system of governance with Nus, who has the final say presiding over the affairs of the state.
    The point of contention here that is open to the input of other more learned individuals to opine is how inclusive and a Universal a system as such is in terms of adherence, rather conformity to Universal Values to start with.
    However, the truth remains that the record of the Eritrea attests to a country that has for long been targeted for aggression and hostility by Ethiopia ; colonialist and today the corrupt unionist with Nus Dictatorship regime creating havocs .
    As the Fat Lady is not yet out; as to some, freethinkers adhering to Universal Values cohabitation with the current reality could be not sustainable and can not be tolerated in view of very abysmal and regional geopolitical realities; however, to the greatest majority a question remains unanswered: “What’s the End Game?”
    Kindly, enrich this valid debate with your enlightened and learned opinions. This, as in the interim, Eritrea in it is current situation and no position is a country that do not embraces and supports the principles of justice and respect of the principles human rights and International Law. The country has found itself in a precarious situation, as is always the case when NUS and his regime rulers think they control the economy market. In most cases, they do, and thanks their monopoly laws backed by government violence, the Eritrean economy is at a tipping point and dire situation .
    Nus is generally a top-down singular initiative, that these initiatives are singularly, are devoid of an indoctrinating guiding ideology with the deep structure and cohesion for survival….However, worsening prevalent poverty; exploitations and persistent inequalities Are unsustainable in poor country like Eritrea .Still lacking in yet attaining the first and second stage of development into sustainable self-reinforcing economic models of the example of the Chinese Revolution…..This requires the critical mass of closely knitted symbiosis of closer cooperation and alliance of the web of the cluster of successful socialist revolutionary movements among the different countries in our region and with special privileged closer relations and cooperation with the rising Eurasian powers, foremost China, to ultimately breakaway from the west hegemonic threats and control…..It is a long road to travel, co-habitation between the forces of genuine socio-economic and socio-political reforms with the entrenched exploitative forces of the Nus in control of the State.

  • FishMilk

    Hi Akilu Thank you very much for the above touching article for which I consider 90% correct. We definitely know each other. Wish I could say more…..but I simply can’t at this time. With your knowledge, I believe that you understand, and I beg your forgiveness.

    • Paulos

      FishMilk,

      I hope the 10% that you don’t agree with Aklilu’s piece is the quote from Kafka.

      • Selamat Paulos,

        I believe the gentle man said 95% was correct. Where is your mathematics. Are you doubting or increasing truth by five percent matter? Maybe it is that you are trying to nudge FM over the edge?

        The Castle or the Trial? It is definitely Kafka-yesk. See what geniuses the Eritrean Revolution produce… and some want to give it with their quirks and quarks and spin up or spin down negative spin.

        I suppose now FishMilk will be taken a little more seriously by Ayyatatna.. Fascinating.

        tSAtSE

    • aklilu zere

      No harm done Brother FishMilk. We are companions for the long journey.

      • FishMilk

        Thank you brother. Hearts and spirits invested in our gifted youth to pave morally right and correct path. Brothers we all all going forward.

    • Ismail AA

      Selam FishMilk,
      I hope you mean it. At the end of the day, we are all human and have conscience that defeat all human follies and frailties.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        ሰላም ኢስማዒሎ,

        ንኹሉ ዘዘስምዖ አለዎ:: ንሓውና “ፍሽሚልክ” ከአ ናይ ኣኽሊሉ ታሪኻዊት ቴማ ልቡ ቀይራቶ:: ናይ ስነጽሑፍ አቀራርባ ዓቢ ግደ አለዎ:: ናይ ኣክሊሉ አቃራርባ ከአ ሓንቲ ኣብነተዊት እያ::

        • Ismail AA

          Selam Aman H,
          You are right. Let us hope he comes out of the cocoon so that we can engage him as real person.

    • Amanuel

      Hi FishMilk,
      You took me by surprise!
      Let me ask you question you mentioned you have never supported PFDJ after 2001 twice in the last month or so and I was wondering that you are some how a supporter of G15?

  • Saleh Johar

    Apologies to all readeres and supporters,
    Awate.com has been down for a few hours due to technical….. and other problems. WE apologize for the inconvenience and we finally got to up again.

    Thank you

    • Haile S.

      Thank you Saleh for reestablishing Awate.

      ህዝቢ ዓወተ ውዒሉ ከይሓየኸ ሓኸለ
      Godot ዝመጸሉ መዓልቲ ምስ ኣኸለ
      ሒዙ ጸብጻብ ዝርርብ 2 ሃገራት ዝሓዘለ

      ኩሉ ይጽበ ዓይኑ ኣፍጢጡ
      ብጎቦ’ዶ ብስንጭሮ ይመጽእ መን ፈሊጡ
      እንድዒ እቲ ኣዲስ ዘመን’ዩ ኣብ ገጹ ይብሃል ሓንጢጡ

      ሓዳስ ኤርትራስ ዝኣረገ ዜና’ዩ ዘምሕረላ
      ሓድሽ ኣይትፈቱን፡ ዘይለመደቶ ከኽፍኣላ
      ጸሓፍቲ ደቃ ኣህዲማ ኣእሲራ ደኽያ ሓዚና
      ክእለት ተወሲኑ፡ ጠፊኦማ ቀለም ምስ ብራና

      ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ሃንደበት ዜና እዩ ለሚዱ
      ኣይቅበሎን ዜና ብደስታ ብሓዘን እንተዘይኣዕቢዱ
      Adrenaline ውሒድዎ ዝጸንሐል፡ ስር ከብሎ ኣሰንቢዱ

      • Consolation

        Selam

        ሕማቅ ኣይወለድ ታይሞ ካብተወልዱ
        ናይ ወያነ ከደምቲ ሃገር ዝኸሓዱ
        ንተነብሑ ከም ከልቢ ውሽጦም ተነደዱ
        ዘይሕሰብ ከላግስ ገመል ካብ መገዱ
        ይጽበዩምበር ካብ ዓለም ክሳብ ዝኸዱ

    • Paulos

      ሰላም ኣያይ,

      ንኽልተ ሰሙን ካብ ስራሕ ዕረፍቲ ስለ ዝኾንኩ፣ ሎሚ ንጉሆ ንሓወቦይ ምራጭ ሓደ ሓደ ነገር ከሐክየና ሒዘዮ መጽኤ ኔረ ግን እንዳ ዓዋተ ተዓጽዩ ጸኒሑና፣ እቶም ጎረቤት’ካኣ እቶም ዋና ዓዋተ ብሃንደበት እዮም ዓጽዮማ ከይዶም ኢሎምና። እንኳዕ ናይ ዳሓን ኮንኩም፣ እንኳዕ ብሰላም ተመለስኩም።

      • Peace!

        Paulosay,

        ኣነስ ዓቕለይ ምስጸበበኒ ብንዳ disqus ፈቲነ ብኡውን ተዓጽዩ ጸኒሑኒ.

        • Paulos

          ሰላም ዓቢ ሰብ,

          ኣነውን ክነጥር ሓሲበላ ኔረ ግን እቲ ሬተ ኣፍሪሑኒ። ሕጂግን ቤተሰበይ Intervention ከየድለየ ኣይተርፍን’ዩ ኢሎም ናብ ሪሃብ “AA–Awate Anonymous” ከእትዉኒ መዲቦም ኣለው 😂.

  • Paulos

    Selam Aklilu,

    Disqus ate my comment. Hope Moderator will be able to retrieve it.

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear brother A.Z.

    Very informative and timely article..This in it self is Branna and thank you.

    KS,,