Inform, Inspire, Embolden. Reconcile!

Recognizing The Games Dictators Play

Have you ever wondered why dictators loom so large in all our history books and why they are so often mythologized and eulogized despite the horrors they unleash? Fear of punishment may explain the submissiveness but what explains the fascination many people have or have had with dictators past and present? More close to home: how did a militia-turned-president manage to maintain his nightmarish hold on our people for so long despite his colossal and repeated failures?? Why has it taken decades for many to see through the charade and why do some continue to kowtow to his every whim?

As we commemorate our 24th Independence Day, sadly Eritreans are still agonizing under the dictatorship with no letup to their suffering and with no end in sight. To make matters worse, many Eritreans remain clueless of the nature of despotism we suffer under. To some, it is something that suddenly descended upon us out of nowhere in the 2000s while to others, it is an unfortunate condition from which a good government could be whipped up quickly with a few strokes here and there. Both these misconceptions arise in turn from another bigger illusion namely, the belief that pre-independence EPLF was totally different from post-independence PFDJ/GOE and that removing Isaias will somehow cleanse the organization of all its flaws!

What such people fail to realize is that there has never been an independent Eritrea free from dictatorship ever and that as we count the number of years since independence, we are also counting the years under a dictatorship. Yes. To our misfortune, Eritrea’s independence arrived tightly wrapped in a military dictatorship from the get-go. EPLF did not just spearhead us into independence but brought with it a culture deeply steeped in authoritarianism.

This should not surprise us however because an organization almost always reflects its leader and the more authoritarian the leader, the more closely it reflects him. How can EPLF then – the brain-child of such a narcissistic and authoritarian leader – be anything but an abnormal institution? PFDJ/GOE – dear compatriots – is nothing but EPLF in Government attire and I sincerely believe that if our country is to have a prosperous and peaceful future, not only must Eritreans dismantle the GOE /PFDJ regime but must also bury with it all traces of EPLF’s rigid and militaristic culture.

Going back to the questions we started with, how do dictators like Isaias manage to repeatedly dupe multitudes and maintain their power for such a long period of time? Among the many explanations that can be given, the following stand out as the most effective and the most often practiced.

Legitimacy

All long lasting dictators have this trait in common. They always begin their career by establishing their reputation and espousing legitimate causes. In addition to espousing legitimate causes, they also dazzle others with their confidence, charisma, passion, and great enthusiasm for a cause and it is such positive qualities that initially draws people to them.

In his earlier career, even Hitler was an exemplary soldier who sought to unite Germany and to reverse the humiliation caused by the treaty of Versailles. A German colonel once wrote about him that he “set a shining example to those around him. His pluck and his exemplary bearing throughout each battle exerted a powerful influence on his comrades and this, combined with his admirable unpretentiousness, earned him the respect of superiors and equals alike.”

Isaias earned his legitimacy by joining the struggle for Eritrea’s independence in the 60’s where he quickly gained stature. This gave him a base of support and helped establish him as a selfless patriot. But Isaias, who had bigger ambitions, came to perceive the Arabized culture of Jebha as an obstacle to his long-range goals which finally drove him to break away.

As a side note here, we should remember that Arab culture was nothing new to the founders of ELF most of whom already spoke Arabic and practiced a culture which was in many ways similar to the Arab customs across the border. Moreover, Arab neighbors were their chief patrons at that time. So of course, they were not going to change their ways to accommodate him. Nonetheless, Isaias, who came from Tigray-Tigrigna cultural background, found this “alien” culture totally repugnant and deeply offensive to his messianic sensibilities. So, unlike others who sought or hoped for a gradual cultural balance within Jebha, he opted to separate himself and EPLF was born. This provided him with two rewards: first, he became the supreme undisputed leader albeit over a smaller and totally homogenous segment. Second, it enabled him to propagate his religio-cultural philosophy of de-Arabizing and de-Islamizing Jebha (and subsequently Eritrea).

To his dismay, things did not run smoothly for him even among his carefully selected followers. The most serious threat came (in the ever-paranoid eyes of Isaias) from the Menkae movement. Quick as a wink, he dealt with them as he would all future threats to his rule: by nipping it in the bud which bring us to the 2nd reason for his success is his… 

Ruthlessness

Throughout his years as the leader of EPLF, Isaias demonstrated on numerous occasions his readiness to use deadly force to eliminate all opposition. We just alluded to Menkae movement but as we all know, ruthless purge of opponents continued to be his modus operandi long after independence. All protests that arose after independence such as the one staged by disabled veterans at Mai Habar and the mild protest by the G-15 were all similarly dealt with. To this day, weeding out opponents and smothering all protests before they gain momentum continues to be his trademark and is one of the secrets to his longevity.

But as effective as ruthless suppression of opponents can be, it sometimes generates sympathy for the victims and may eventually trigger a revolt. Isaias knew this and to tighten his grip on his people, he resorted to another powerful weapon, namely…

Propaganda

EPLF/PFDJ used propaganda for two goals. 1)To glorify and canonize itself (EPLF/PFDJ/GOE) as the only genuine nationalist movement and 2) to demonize all others as working against national interest and unity.  Early on, Isaias realized that if he was to compete with the larger ELF, he needed to totally and thoroughly demonize it as an organization solely bent on wiping out Christians and on supplanting Christian/Tigrigna culture with Arab/Muslim culture. This he did with his polemic masterpiece Nhnan Elamanan. In subsequent years, he did it by constantly painting all opponents as Jihadists or sell-outs.

In sharp contrast to demonization of all others, shaebia itself is constantly and ceaselessly hailed as the ultimate miracle worker unbeatable in the battlefield and in all aspects of life while Isaias is always depicted as a hero, a genius who can do no wrong.  Similarly, those who support shaebia are always portrayed as true patriots and those who do not are ostracized as enemies of national unity. Since the media is totally in its hands and the accused have no way of defending against such charges, they are easily discredited not only by active supporters of the Government but also in the eyes of some innocent nationalists who through the power of propaganda have come to believe in the official propaganda.

Looking back, we can say that Shaebia’s propaganda at the gutter level was horrifying effective in both respects (i.e. in aggrandizing itself and in demonizing its enemies) and also in terms of its depth and reach. Nothing speaks more loudly as to its eerie effectiveness than the fact that it took a devastating war and an entire decade for any of his core followers to even whisper a mild protest! Its power can also be gauged by the fact that even today – this late in our nation’s life -and despite its glaring and colossal failures at multiple levels, Shaebia continues to retain significant followers.  Even those who no longer support it fully seem to suffer from residual effects as is evident by the presence of many who still dream of reform and some who would even make a u-turn.  I believe many of the ills the opposition suffers from such as mutual distrust and fragmentation and the desire to de-link EPLF from PFDJ/GOE are directly traceable to shaebia’s powerful propaganda.

Conclusion

The above bag of tricks in a nutshell is just a tiny sample of how dictators manage to enslave us for years.   If you are one of those who still innocently believe in reforming the dictatorship, it is time to calmly accept the fact that you may have been hoodwinked by a clever charlatan and his cronies. Think about it:  Why would a dictator and his repressive paraphernalia suddenly acquiesce to people’s wishes when they have never done so for decades?  Why would Nsu and his entourage, guilty of many untold crimes against humanity, risk being held accountable?   Besides, wasn’t the brutal repression of G15’s mild protest disastrous enough to convince you of the futility of such endeavor?  I hope sharing the above at least made you think. Happy Independence Day!

Related reading
Eritrean conditions: Reflections On Independence Day (May 23, 2013)

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  • Ismail

    Thanks Fenomeno, Said, Mahmud, Peace, Tes, Semere, and all others who took the time to give input to my article. I wish I could respond to each comment but sometimes I find it difficult and I hope you will forgive me. As the saying goes, “it is the intent and not the deed that is in our power”.

    It is gratifying to note that our commentary section has become a buzzing, bustling marketplace of ideas thanks to your participation proving once again that if Eritreans can be accused of lacking in something, it is certainly not in the department of self-expression! Keep up the good work and keep sharing your views. As long as we keep our level-headedness and avoid being mired in trivialities, we will all benefit a lot from discussions.

    At times, our opinions will clash and we may find ourselves too disappointed to engage our critics but it is precisely during those moments that we need to re-examine and reassess our own thoughts and our presuppositions. Such self-examination may reveal to us that our emotional reactions were never our own to begin with but the result of exposure to years of propaganda that in turn contributes to our self-knowledge which according to Socrates is the beginning of wisdom.

    Ismail (pointblank)

    • Mahmud Saleh

      Dear Ismail
      Thank you for showing up to grace us with this heavy, I mean it, t’s a very sound message. I do agree that our experience puts restraints on us on how we grasp an idea that seems contradicting our established notion. I just want you to know, my objection was on historical accounts and not on ideas.
      Regards.
      PS: Shall I confess openly, your mature response made me reconsider my first terse tone, just the tone, though.

      • Semere Andom

        Mahmuday:
        and this reconsideration was further helped by my bad friend Sem, who gave me unsolicited advice not to refuse to engage you. Also from now own he is my good friend depending what is making Sem “fesh” he become my bad friend again. 🙂

        • Mahmud Saleh

          Ahlan semA
          Yes, indeed. I withheld that credit because you tried to get Gual Adem have one of her Qolle moments on me.
          Bad friend or good?
          That will be decided when I lead you to a Starbucks in Toronto, or Tim Hortons. ብእዝንኻ ወጢጠ፡ ኣብ ኢደይ ከይተርፋ እትስፎ።

  • sara

    Dear ato Amanuel
    i totally agree with most of what you said, however i have never stated that land comes before people. in fact my comment was a reply to peace about his views of those of us who subscribe to
    the nation comes first thing. to my understanding a nation is not a nation without people, that is
    nation=people+land. you may have different interpretation, but my reply was based from this perspective.
    happy independence day to you and your loved ones!

    • Peace!

      Hi Sara,

      Whoops! Did I get in trouble with Emma? Haha… Well, I didn’t say Nation Comes First is a bad idea or strategy. What I said was the message of IA’s speech was pretty much about Nation Comes First which seems to resonate well enough with his supporters. Other than that you said it very well Nation= people + land.

      Regards

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam peace,

        Without going to the philosophical argument of ” marerialist ” and “idealists” on “being” and “matter” as to who comes first , our prime defence goes to our “people” before to the land called “Eritrea.” The life of our Eritrean people is more precious than anything and as a result we fought for the right of our people. That was the principle of the armed struggle. We still hold that principle as truth and the struggle still continue for that simple truth.

        Regards,

        • Peace!

          Hi Emma,

          Nation comes first is a political (Party) belief and gives more sense when put in philosophical sense. I was not trying to equate IA to Thomas Jefferson; however his independence speech resembles to similar view, a view that gives more power to state to dominate the political system. Nevertheless, I thought the armed struggle for (simple truth) independent nation ended in 1991. I was one of the privileged citizens to vote for independence and witnessed others vote same way with great happiness. I don’t know which armed struggle you are referring to when you said the struggle still continues for that simple truth? The other thing is you are right our prime defense goes to our people, but given several over crowded independence (Keboro Junkies) parties I have watched so far, I feel I have serious misconception about the people you are referring to.

          regards

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Peace,

            When I said the struggle still continues for that “simple truth”, it means the current struggle organized or non-organized in the opposition camp is continuing for that “simple truth” which I have mentioned in my previous comment. The simple truth of the armed struggle is not for “independence” per se, it was for self-determination to our rights, it it wasn’t we wouldn’t need to make referendum, nor do we say the legitimate independence of Eritrea was in “1993.” Check the logic of your argument always, other wise it will lack a leg to stand.

            regrards,
            Amanuel Hidrat

          • Peace!

            Hi Emma,

            That wasn’t an argument; it was simply asking you to elaborate the armed struggle you were referring to. Thank you for making it clear.

            Regards

  • saay7

    Selam Abi:

    Oh, boy. (Ere wend.) I am sure that is the risque version and I am very sure there is a G-rated and PG-rated version of this story. I will just wait for Eyobai to confirm it to me after he returns from Bahr Dar after he salutes (humbly) the new JanTla that doesn’t have anything to do with the bee. Haha, it appears now one can fly from Khartom to Bahr Dar and not once see a bee. To be continued. June 13:)

    saay

    • Abi

      Hi Saay
      What do you mean when you say you don’t see bee in Bahir Dar ? Is there ” colony collapse syndrome ” in ethiopia too? God forbid!
      Can you make your fasting a little shorter? It seems you are scared of the bees.
      YeEthiopia lijoch qechachinochu yinadefalu ende nibochu.

      • saay7

        Hi Abi:

        You are not fooling anyone when pretending not to know that the bee is the mascot of one of your country’s political parties. One of your compatriots didn’t see the bee in Baher Dar and was having panic attacks and overreacting. Who is the guy? The same guy who, when I share a great video with him, insists that there is an old scratchy version which is better and he is ALWAYS wrong.

        Evidence: Here’s my video about Ambassel, a boring hilly place that looks remarkably like boring Keren. Full of musicianship, traditional guitar, bonjo guitar, rhythm guitar, modern, two singers, Amharic AND English. Here are the artists: Misto-Misto

        https://youtu.be/hQWWzfVgkIY

        And here’s Eyob’s scratchy, zero-musicianship video…the original by Bahiru Kegne
        It reminds me of homesick Ethiopian Torserawit in Asmara bars, blasting their music. Shiver, shiver. Eyob is a very old young man and has not musical taste.

        https://youtu.be/ycyVMt3K800

        saay

        • Eyob Medhane

          Abi,

          Please tell this man, who Bahiru Kegne was…tsk, tsk tsk…

          Bahiru Kegne was not a man, whose song should have been ruined, destroyed, diluted, made a mockery out of by some imposter, that is on Sal’s version..

          Gash Saleh, where are you? Ante firedegn.. 🙂

          • Saleh Johar

            Eyob,
            You don’t need me–all you need is to depend on pure taste and you win. Sal is mixing images and originality. Of course, photography has improved–digital images. But it is not a painting, it is an original voice that didn’t leave its place. In short, it is zigni (the old?) compared to a hamburger. And you know the ingredients of the last one 🙂

          • Eyob Medhane

            Gash Saleh,

            Ayeeeee Thank you. ‘Yetemare yigdelegn’ Ale yagere Sa’ew.. 🙂

          • saay7

            Hey Eyob:

            According to Spotify (ask a young man what that is:) there are 25 versions of Ambassel…and each one is better than your scratchy version:) Belew!

            saay

          • saay7

            And more…

          • Eyob Medhane

            Sal,

            Here is the thing…Almost every singer in Ethiopia has done Ambassel. Not only that, one of our four chords that are basses for our pentatonic scale music is called Ambassel. (Tizita, Ambassel, Anchihoye lene and Bati) So, I kind of agree with you that I don’t get what the heck is special about that place that is so revered. You wanna see Ambassel? Here it is..Unless, someone enjoys falling from a cliff or bungee jumping, I don’t get, why should any one has to sing incessantly about this place..:-) (Weyne guude. Welloyewoch fejugn, zendiro. 🙂 )

            Having said that, I want you, Gash Saleh and Abi to listen to this. This is music. I know you hate instrumental, so you can forward the instrument part and listen to the vocal. This is a classy music. THE BEST. Not your version of Ambassel, which in Amharic we call, “ye chereba tezkar 🙂 ) https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=kaVuAh2nRHg

          • saay7

            Selamat Eyobai:

            I hope an angry Weloye rants and raves at you and gives u a history lesson on Ambasel and its significance to Ethiopian dynasty.

            Now that your have brought your 24 views video, we will see what awatistas can do to improve its view count. My guess is Google bots can read Hebrew and that’s why it hasn’t been discovered.

            saay

          • Eyob Medhane

            Sal,

            Ha…I think Eritrea voted for Ethiopian candidate, because lately, you guys receive some money from AfDB delivered to you by an Ethiopian guy..So, I guess, Issu thought..”hummmmm, if a low level Ethiopian official at AfDB can give me this much money, what would happen, if I help to get another Ethiopian to the top spot..” 🙂

          • Fanti Ghana

            Hello Eyoba,
            “…Welloyewoch fejugn, zendiro.” Have no worries at all. No Welloye will waste his/her time defending Ambassel. As far as most Welloyes are concerned it is doubtful that Ambassel even exists. I grew up partially on northern half of Wello, and I never met anyone who claimed to be from Ambassel. However, whatever you do stay clear of “Bati.”

          • Eyob Medhane

            Fanti,

            Thank you..Of course no one touches Bati. Yeqonjowochun hager? Ere ene alaregewum.. 🙂

          • Saleh Johar

            Eyob,
            Does every compliment has to be militaristic? Forget jignotchu, they gave birth to Btsat’s voice. Someone told me she is from Bati. That beats any jegninet 🙂

          • Eyob Medhane

            Gash Saleh,
            I did not say ye jegnochu. I said ye qonjowochu.. Ha ha …. 🙂

            And Bitseat is from Tigray…

          • Saleh Johar

            Eyob,

            Sorry, blame it on the chu chew chi of Amharic–don’t tell Abi

          • Abi

            What? Man new tetenchachaw? I mean yetentsatsaw. Tse, tee, tse,…

          • Saleh Johar

            Hey Eyob,
            Now that plagiarism. This is an Eritrean rendetion:

            Wo Calypso, calipsona calipso;
            Wshumakhi Asso tqenTso,
            met’erasu baAley kt’eraso….
            [the rest I cannot remember….]

            I used to hear this when I was just a child….

          • Eyob Medhane

            Gash Saleh,

            Really? Wow. I guess we both have our version.. 🙂 On this clip, there is a beautiful Sudanese song rendition… So great. Listen to it, when you get a chance…

          • Abi

            Eyobe
            Abet Tigab! Abet difret!
            “Ambassel legedel min yashmuaTiTutal
            Feres bayasgalib mar yiqorTubetal”
            ” yeMaritu” amlak yiqir yibelih
            Fanti
            Yemin Tega Tega new? Batin leqeq, kilite awlalon Tebeq.

          • Kokhob Selam

            እዮብየ :-

            ለነገሩ ሳይ፯ ኣብይን ፈተና ውስጥ ኣስገብቶ እየመዘነው ነው :: እናም ኣቢ ማምለጥ ኣልቻለበትም:: ኣሁን ያቺ የማር ከተማን ንብ የላትም ብሎ ማለት ፍችው ያው እናዳይየነው ነው :: say7 ክንቦች ጋር ያለው ችግር ምን ይሆን ?

            ግን ንብ ከዝንብ በላይ እንደሚመረጥ ማውቅ ከነጻነት ትርጉም ማወቅ ጋር የተያያዘ ነው :: የነፃነትን ትርጉም ፩፱፭፬ (1954) ኣድማሱ ዮሐንስ ያለው ኣለ ::

            “ነፃነት እንዳለው በመልኩ የጠራ :-

            ያውቀዋል ወይ ህዝቡ :-
            ምስጢሩን ተረድቶ ካንጀቱ ከልቡ ::

            ወይስ ለስም ነው ወጉን ለማረቅ:-
            ባለነፃነት ንኝ ሲል መመፃደቅ ::

            ነፃነት የሚለው ምንድነው ፈሊጡ :-
            ያውቀዋል ወይ ፍቹን ለይቶ በቅጡ ::

            ብነፃነት ስምስ እየተጨፍነ :-
            ሲበጠበጥ ልቡን እያመነመነ ::

            እውነቱን እናዳያይ ኣይኑን ተጨፍኖ :-
            የነፃነት ፍቺ በወሬ ብቻ ኣምኖ ::”

          • Abi

            Kokobe
            I was kind of busy picking up the boys.
            Saay
            I was not pretending not to know the “bee” thing. That is why I brought ” colony collapse syndrome ” It was supposed to be a good line . You missed it. Believe me I know what that stinging bee represent. Hopefully they make more honey.
            God forbid colony collapse!
            Saay, bahru Qagne is a class by himself. The one and only!
            The other ” fara” I don’t know what to say? I’ve never seen Ambassel in a suit.
            Yeman new geriba?
            Gira yetegaba !
            I’ll be back later after I’m done with the boys.

  • teweldino

    Hi Haile,

    My reply is still pending. Let’s hope it does get deleted.

  • teweldino

    Hi Abi,

    The Ge’ez software on word document could be really frustrating. Please try tying in the following site just like typing here ( you may need to click on the letter for some difficult letters to spell). Then copy and paste your Ge’ez fidel into disqus.

    http://www.lexilogos.com/keyboard/amharic.htm

    If you don’t mind westlife then you may watch the guide on youtube (fast forward to 0:50)

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ByvkfyFw3d4

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear tewedino, and Abo..

      በቃ ችግሩ ተፈታ :: እንግዲህ እኔም ክሥራየ ተባረርኩኝ ::

    • Abi

      Hi Teweldino
      Thank you . I’m trying my best. Fidel mabarer qimal endemegdel new .Yetabash, yetabash, yetabash….. Agegnehush!

  • Hayat Adem

    No, no clue. But I still want the kisses.

  • Hayat Adem

    Abi
    What! Your last line is pretty deep. It is about the tragic failure to let the space occupied by the bests and the brightests around. The other face of the message and might be related to the one I mentioned is funny. I’m sure Tengaraw means cross-eyed. PMHD is cross eyed. But it is the functionality not the physicality of it that appears deeper here. The man could be nice and stable but he appears to lack some unique features, the political and personality fire within. Oh, that is a mercilessly touchy punchy thingy.

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear Hayata,

      this Gondere is trouble maker. his last poem was not healthy one. look what he said.

      – he has written wrongly I think yemiberabetu instead of yemimerabetu –

      እውር ዓይናማውን ሲመራው የሚመራበቱ :
      ቀንዱ ላይ መሆኑን እንዳትሳሳቱ ::

      ኣየ ጉድ ኣየ ጉድ ይላል ያገሬ ሰው :-
      ኣይናማው እያለ ጠንቃራው ሲመራው ::

      I am jealous, you know, when eyes are on you. ….this “Tengara” Lol, no more kilss…

      • Hayat Adem

        KoKhobay,
        You have a guarded space of your own in me. The moon is jealous of the star. Strangely, the star can also be jealous of the moon or anything beneath. Remember, we’ve a jealous God. It is our divine default.

        • Kokhob Selam

          Dear Hayata,

          እምበኣር ኣብ ኩሉ እዩ !! ቅዱስ ቅንኣት ይግበረለና :: ኣሜን

  • selam

    Dear Readers
    Our independence is greater than DIA and Greater than a change manufactured in weyane house of cards and it has nothing to with PFDJ. In my book and majority of Eritreans book , may 24 is the date that all Eritreans joined hands and crushed dergi and his cronies out of Eritrean land once for all. No more dergi around. So stop dismissing our core value as a nation. I can not find any differences between people who try to destroy our history and the one distroying our people. I have to wait and see any credible points from some people who continuesly accuse others for being realistically honest.The day these based in the south take our history and who we are as people is the day we make a considerable move to challenge PFDJ until that day , we will remain a bullying house and also to the effect not wanted in the fight against DIA. I urge all of you t make a strong point against the notion of dumping our history. You see I have been asking people to disengage ex PFDJ members but these the same people who are dismissing our core value as a country are drinking and conferencing with people who were in the CC of PFDJ.How is this a value to attract more audionce for the couse we are fighting. Do not you question people’s motive especially like semere and others who keep old wounds and also entertain current criminals ? I wonder if such people are working for the betterment of the Eritrean people.

  • Semere Andom

    Dear Ismael:
    This piece I consider it as a sequel of one of your articles about the dictator and how the opposition should not fooled by him.
    You correctly mention the propaganda machine used by EPLF what I like to add is their knack for recruiting talent to fill this task is exemplary. You see people with good quality been passed by mediocre talent, they motto is we can teach and train the technical stuff, but we cannot teach and train personality or it takes for ever to modify deeply rooted convictions and values. EPLF/PFDJ will hire innately corrupted individual and then even corrupt them more. The good thing is PFDJ’s end will come to pass the bad news is if PFDJ is merely reformed then we as a nation will be in trouble as Eritrea ill be fool of these innately corrupted, cruel criminals. It has been rumored that a leader of the Nazi party challenged Himmler, who was in charge of the SS army during the WW2 by saying that even if we win the war what would Germany be made of, these SS brutes? Himmler reportedly agreed

  • Michael

    Hi

    For those yes men and women who missed the celebration yesterday back in Asmara stadium, here is the best alternative; watch it!

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=29GLkP43LFM

  • Semere Andom

    DIA Promises To Release Political Prisoner as a Gesture Of Reforms To Come
    Dear All:
    Some times in our haste to celebrate and criticize those who hold ideas opposite we take for granted the blessing we have in this forum. MeAlti zeybilu wedi seb yelon, everyone has a moment when he or she would shine.
    Ladies and Gentlemen of awate, we have among us, a futurist in par with the American futurist and writer, Alvin Toffler, who has written among other works, Future Shock, Third Wave, PowerShift, Ware and Anti-War. His ideas have come to accurate. His famous quote is “The illiterate of the future is not someone who cannot read and write, but someone who is unable to unlearn.” The predictions of Mr. Toffler turned to be accurate as the digital age challenges us not only to learn new stuff but unlearn old ones.
    And we must celebrate our own in house Nitricc Alvin Toffler for his accurate predication that IA will release political prisoners before we celebrate the foreign futurist as we, as Eritreans must be self-reliant not only with resources but with breakthrough ideas as well
    One thing that is stopping Nitricc Alvin Toffler from being awate.com renowned to becoming globally renowned is his hitherto inability to unlearn the stuff he learned and still seared in his mind, such us IA was gifted to Eritrea and we must cherish him and since IA founded Eritrea the bank accounts must be on his name.

    • Hayat Adem

      Hi EyeSem,
      The problem with Nitricc is he beleives that has to love DIA in order to live. In his mind (as opposed to Haile’s heart, which would have liberated him if he tried it), he thinks: i must live; if i must live i must love PIA; if i must love PIA i must have a good reason; i must say something good of him even about the things he should or would do in the future, i’m sure he will. There is one book called “Love, Search of Reason for Living”. Unlike people like Gheteb, Nitricc has some rawness in him, positively speaking. He knows that something is not right. But he loves DIA so much. Between his sense of rightness and his unconditional love for DIA, the latter is his overriding marrow but he is constantly nagged about it internally. There is only one way to calm this down: he wants DIA to give him one good reason to remain loving him and living. If you noticed in his comments, he brings some irrelevant stories and gives them an exaggerated lead in. He is trying to justify his love and living. If there are no stories, he tries to imagine them. He mines pics of miseries in rural Ethiopia or he can invent them as well (unmee pics) and asks, “that would never happen in Eritrea under PIA”. Please, understand why he took that risk so foolishly and go easy on him. He must live. But if you want to really help, show him that he must not love DIA in advance in order to live. It is DIA who has to earn Nitricc’s love by doing the right thing. Or he might be angry at DIA already: “you failed me PIA, I fail you back. Don’t call until you start taking the right steps. Good bye”
      Hayat

      • Fanti Ghana

        Hello Hayat Adem,

        I almost made a mistake by trying to give you an advice about the importance of calcium and vitamin D intake. I wrote a full page before a nightmarish future just flashed in front of my eyes and I decided against it. However, the text book I strongly recommend for everyone to read is “Nutrition: science & applications, second edition. Smolin & Grosvenor.” It can be expensive, but it normally can be found as a used/second hand from amazon.com for less than $40.

        Start with:
        Ch. 11: Major Minerals and Bone Health->Calcium-> Vitamin D->Osteoporosis
        Ch. 12: Trace minerals: Focus on Iron->Fluoride->Iodine
        Ch. 10: Water->Sodium->Potassium->our kidney->high blood pressure.
        Followed by chapters 7,8, and 9 (vitamins). Then do whatever you want with the rest of the book.

        Hayat,
        This is not just a “nutrition” or “weight loss” skim we are all too familiar with. This book is meant for those going into health profession, and it describes what we are made of and how our body really works. The only way I will forgive you for not getting this book is if you can tell me why you shouldn’t eat spinach and drink milk but orange juice instead in the next 5 minutes. Otherwise be ready to thank me and spend a few bucks.

        • Abi

          Hey Fanti
          Can I try?
          Hayat doesn’t eat spinach because she doesn’t want Sem to see the pile.
          ” yihen hulu qiTel min litadergiw new? Chirash fiyel honsh ende?”
          She doesn’t drink milk because no other adult animal drink milk.
          ” wetet leAwaqi tirfu Tifir new.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Hello Abisha,
            I was going to say if I was Hayat…but it got weird.
            I am reading you and being amazed by your talent every time you post, but Rahwa tried, Saay added, and I am going to insist you get a geez software pronto!

        • Hayat Adem

          Fanti,

          The only thing I don’t ask people “why” is when they recommend a book for me to read. Usually, I instantly send my hands into the market and fish it out. and shelf it until time allows to read it. And if that is acceptable from anyone who offered it, what comes from his Fantiness must be so special and must be treated as such. One thing I will do different with this one is as soon as it finds its way to me, I’ll give it a seber-zena treatment and read chapter to chapter as advised. I’ll start shopping in a bit. Thanks a million times. That is not even enough: thanks a fantiness times.
          PS:
          “…before a nightmarish future just flashed in front of my eyes and I decided against it” -what could that possibly be?

          • Fanti Ghana

            Hello Hayatey,

            I started out with writing about the advantages of taking adequate amount of calcium in possibly
            preventing Osteoporosis later in life. In my attempt to clarify how our bone mass gets build and why and when we need it I had no choice but to describe how nutrients are absorbed in our digestive system. That opened doors to why water is important and what our kidney does when it senses the reduction of water in proportion to our sodium level. Then that created the idea of “high blood pressure,” with which many people from our region suffer from, and by then I filled an entire 8.5/11 page before I made my original point. I stopped, got up, retrieved my whole grain crackers and cheddar cheese to help me organize my thoughts, and that was when the horror and the moment of wisdom appeared to me from nowhere. And that was the flood of fellow up questions about vitamins, minerals, and God forbid, weight loss. Thanks to my whole grain crackers, which are good source of carbohydrates- energy, I caught myself in time to recommend a decent book instead, and that way whenever someone asks something I will have a universal answer: read the book!

            PS:
            That is one of, if not the best, book ever written for those who would like to know about nutrients from scientific and biological perspective. It is an easy read for everyone. I strongly recommend it.

    • Mizaan1

      I am playing Amanuel Hidrat here.

      Dear Semere, when did IA release prisoners of conscience? Please confirm your information first before dispensing it here with jubilation. Last I checked, IA actually might imprison business individuals and govt functionaries for salivating over the aid packages that may come soon. I never thought you would be this gullible. You need to go back to your old self and fight IA tooth and nail as he will never release any prisoners until he is dead. I am really disappointed today to read my friend write such garbage. Leave that for the Nitriccs. You are better than that.

      Now I get to have fun with Nitriccs take:

      You toothless Semere Andom. If you were fighting for justice, you would be happy that I predicted prisoners will be released and yes PIA released two dozen prisoners. They were caught pants down crossing the border and he gave them mercy but they are traitors. You wish he killed them so you can go bananas on the internets. You are a sick Andom. And your sister Hayat is clapping for you. Oh she is grinning now with her 34 teeth (not sure is it 32 teeth we have, I heard both versions) because dedebit has won elections again. I am so enraged to co-exist with people like you. Long live PIA. You will see next year all prisoners will be released except the big time fish like your idolized G-15. Why would they? For selling our sovereignty to Weyane. Gheteb, come kick these people’s behinds for me, will ya?

  • said

    Short message to fellow Mai Haber disabled fighters and Eritrean disabled veterans, by know some of you learned to forgive your brother and even your former enemies and yourself.

    that your suffering ,pain and the horrors of the past will always be with you, but perhaps today not with the same force and fury of those early years during and after the independence .

    It has been difficult to heal from the complex of our long journey, and you all have often dreamed of moving to neutral ground—new Eritrea. Yet you have somehow made a certain peace, even in a nation that so often still believes in NUS and he used violence as a solution to liquidate for your simple request. For those you still alive there has been a reckoning, a renewal. The scar will always be there, a living reminder of that long journey, for who reformed learned to forgive but it has also become something peaceful and beautiful now, something of harmony, faith and hope and love.

    ALL Fellow Eritrean disabled fighters you been be given the second opportunity to move through that long journey of dark night of the soul searching to a new shore, to gain deep understanding, wisdom , a knowledge, and an entirely different vision. You have now believe ,you have suffered for a reason and in many ways you have found that reason to be part of change and today your commitment to peace and reform should be paramount .

    My fellow Eritrean disabled fighters and veterans from all walk of life, you are what you are and much more today because of your long deep suffering by NUSO criminal who no sympathy nor compassion to word you . Your remaining short life has been a blessing in disguise, even with the great pain and great difficulty your physical disability continues to remind you daily the ugly reality. It is a blessing to speak on behalf of justice and peace when you can , to be able to reach such a great number of our people. The one gift you are given in that long journey to liberation was an awakening. you endured so greatly ; you truly survived against so may odds and understood what means suffering . you could became a messenger of justice and democracy , a true living symbol, an example, true men who have learned that peace ,justices , love and forgiveness are more powerful than hatred bestowed by NUSU , ALL Fellow Eritrean veterans who has learned to embrace that all Eritrean suffered like you ,that men and women treat them as your true brothers and sisters.

    ALL Fellow Eritrean disabled fighters and veterans No one should ever again be your as enemy—no matter how hard NUS and his cohort they try to frighten and intimidate you. No NUSU will ever teach you to hate another Eritrean human being. ALL Fellow Eritrean disabled fighters and veterans, you have been given the task of being lighting road, an example,a lantern, ringing a bell and shouting from the highest mountain, awakening and warning the Eritreans people and oppressed citizens by your NUSU regime you served, you see everywhere of the deep sad and injustice, immorality and utter wrongness of this violent NUSU approach to never solving our problems, pleading for an alternative to this chaos and madness, this insanity and brutality. disabled fighters, you who have taken your wounds and your sorrows and chosen to make them stand for something better, you have an obligation to rise above your pain and anguish, to turn the tragedy of your generation into a triumph and learn from the errors of your past and present .

    No one knows peace or the preciousness of life better than you who fought in war of liberation ,for those who have been affected by it directly—remembered by dear member your family, the loving mother of a son who has died,buried in an known place , a caring wife who will never saw her young husband again, a young child who will never have a father, a caring father who will never hold his precious son—for it is fellow Eritrean disabled fighters, like you past generation who have lived with long journey of initial infancy liberation of war from 1960 , disabled fighters ,your physical and emotional scars of war is still vivid and living , fellow Eritrean disabled fighters who have lived with these wounds every night and day and felt every morning your weight of suffering and painful ,as a living memory . It is you who have walked painfully and forcefully every step and in pushing and wheeled through the streets of capital and watched newly born children stare at you and wonder and not understanding what happen to you, they ask why. And it is fellow Eritrean disabled fighters and veterans who should deeply reflect deeply and cry out now for the future of our people, for a Eritrea without NUS. Fellow Eritrean disabled fighters, you are the reminders of what dictatorship can do to us, of how NUSO, can wound and hurt, and diminish all that is good and human, and fellow Eritrean disabled fighters

    We know how YOU struggle every day and to believe in a life that was nearly taken away from you. Fellow Eritrean disabled fighters, yes we know well that even though you have lost parts of your bodies, may be missing, though you might not be able to see or feel part of your body, but try to feel Eritrean people who are suffering like you but different kind of pain .fellow Eritrean disabled fighters, you are true reminder to our young men and women with important lessons to teach us, to be part of change no matter what is cost as you have showing us at Mai Haber.

  • Fanti Ghana

    Hello All,
    I am having a “political correctness” crisis for which I need your help.
    I am sensing that there is a divide between PFDJ supporters who start or finish their posts with “Happy Independence Day,” while those who are not don’t seem to mention it at all. So, notwithstanding the obvious “we are not free yet” expressed by most you oppositions would it be offensive to any of you if I wish you Happy Independence Day?
    Thank you.

    • selam

      Dear Fanti
      welcome back sir! You have my support to say any thing , because every thing you say is nice. Thanks for the good wish.
      Any one who say Eritrea is not independent country is making side wink to himself.

    • saay7

      Hey Fanti:

      Allow me an “Aboy Fekadu baElom yna’adu” moment. On religious occasions, whether it is an Eritrean or Ethiopian opposition website or Eri or Ethio government website (all except awate.com:) say: “Happy____ to followers of the _____ faith*.” This is so silly: why can’t people just say “Happy Eid”, “Merry Christmas!”, “Ramadan Mubarek” without qualifying it with “to followers of the _____ faith?” If you are a Christian, do you get offended by a generic “Happy Eid”? If you are a Muslim, do you get offended by “Merry Christmas!”? If you do, the fault dear Brutus, is in yourself:)

      Similarly, when you, His Fantiness, want to wish Eritreans “Happy Independence Day”, just do it. Otherwise, you will have to qualify it with “Happy Independence Day to those who attach meaning to this date.”

      Down with PC:)

      “Followers of the Islamic faith”, “followers of the Christianity faith” are long phrases invented by the American Left because they are terrified of using its one-word substitute: Muslims. Christians. And it is, of course, mimicked mindlessly by African Left (like PFDJ) who always pretend that they didn’t copy their entire vocab from leftists.

      saay

      • Abi

        Hi Saay
        I have a story to tell you not about independence but about Muslim / Christian meat.
        I was at a big wedding at imperial hotel . The line at the buffet table was long , the line for the ” Tire siga” was even longer. There was another “tire siga” line where the line was very short. It was for the Muslim faith followers.
        So I told my father to go back to our seat after he picked up the buffet and I went to the Muslim section. I brought enough for both of us and ate it as quickly as possible before my mother came back to her seat. When my father saw her coming he put whatever left from his tire siga on my plate. He took a piece from my mother and said ” tebareki.”
        On the way home my mother asked me why I ate ” yeIslam siga?”
        I pretended as if I did not know. She said ” qeTafi”
        My father said “I think they taste the same.” My mother screamed “NO! No! No! Mine taste better because I waited long on the line.”
        My father said “of course !”
        Happy independence day!

        • saay7

          Hey Abi:

          I think u coined the concept that May 24 is not just Eritrean independence from Ethiopia but also Ethiopian independence from Eritrea:)

          For a guy who is the ultimate anti politically correct speech, I am disappointed you too used the verbose “Muslim faith followers” instead of the simple “Muslims.”

          In the grand narrative of Eritrea, Muslims and Christians eating chicken together was the beginning of “Hade hzbi Hade lbi.” Of course the Eritreans who did that were the ones who were most exposed to Islam as practiced by the Egypt and Christianity as practiced by the West, in other words, don’t tell Eyob, but they transcended their backward Habeshaness:)

          saay

          • Abi

            Saay
            Ante qeshim!
            I was copying you. You don’t expect me to be politically correct.

            When I went to a butcher to eat tire siga , with my Muslim friends, we never say ” besmeAb or bismilahi ” we used to say ” ethiopia tiqdem” and eat. Taste better.

            Yes! It is also our Independence Day .
            Leave Eyobe alone . He is in Mekele counting votes. Ha ha ha ha ha ha ha .
            Na merihn mireT yilugnal sisalequbign
            Ene endemalay endet awequbign?
            Merima moltoal bedfin ketema
            YeTefaw joro new dehna argo yemisema.
            Say simeleket hulet ayin eyalegn
            Egna enmrah bilew saqu qeledubign
            Qeldun tewutna sirachihun siru
            Ene min chegeregn bitmeru batmeru.

          • saay7

            Hey Abi:

            I should stay stubborn Habesha Abi. Why don’t you use Geez font? Why, why, why? You have written the ultimate Anarchist Manifesto and unfortunately it’s written in Latin. So no standing ovation for u, no slow clap for you. Just a disapproving SMH.

            saay

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Say7

            This “qeshim! ” Abi don’t want to use his wonderful knowledge. let me tray it.

            ና መሪህን ምረጥ ይሉኛል ሲሳሉቅብኝ :-
            እኔ እንደማላይ እንዴት ኣወቁብኝ ::

            መሪ ማ ሞልቷል በድፍን ከተማ :-
            የጠፋው ጆሮ ነው ደህና ኣድርጎ የሚሰማ ::

            ሳይ ስመለከት ሁለት ዓይን እያለኝ :-
            እኛ እንምራህ ብለው ሳቁ ቀለዱብኝ ::

            ቀልዱን ተውትና ሥራች ሁን ሥሩ :-
            እኔ ምን ቸገረኝ ብትመሩ ባትመሩ ::

            Abo,

            በደርግ ግዜ ነው ኣሉ ሰካራሙ እየተንገዳገደ (፰ ቁጥር እየሠራ) ይጓዛል :: እንግዲህ ጓዶችህን ታስታውሳለህ “ኣንተ ምን ኣባትህ ሆነሃል !!” “ቅደም ” እያሉ ገፈተሩት :: ምን ኣለ ታድያ — ” ቀን ቀን ኢትዮጵያ ትቅደም : ሌሊት ሌሊት ሰካራም ይቅደም ” “ኣረ! ኣረ !ኢትይጵያ ትቅደም ኣትቅደም እኔ ምን ኣገባኝ”::

      • Dayphi

        merhaba saay..everytime i visit this glorious awate.com, i learn some thing new. It never crossed my mind the difference between muslims, christians and followers of islamic ,christian faith till you challenged us to try ” belongers of the eritrean nationality ” versus eritreans. Thanks for that lesson. One thing i always try avoid using is the term JIHADISTS, usually with bad connotation or in a deregatory way, when the correct word, and repeatedly used by Prez Reagan ( RIP ) is MUJAHIDEEN. I guess when muslim fight for their independence from communist imperialism and use american stinger rockets only be called with their proper name.

    • tes

      Dear Fanti Ghana,

      Not at all. Thank you. If you don’t read it doesn’t mean that anybody is shy on it though there is on-time message difference coined within it.

      If May 24 is only May 24, 1991 and what we celebrate for is only in rememberance of that, I am quiet confident that everbody has no difference. But, if May 24 stands for INDEPENDENCE, being free,now and after, then, there will be huge difference.

      PFDJ and PFDJ supporters will say it because what they have and what they do now is an idependence for them. And why not? If one has complete freedom to jail, kill, torture, chase, silence, monopolize and manipulate, what is more freedom for him than else? But for the vitcim, it is not.

      If a master celebrates the whole night and shouts 1000 times, “Eureka!!!” while his slave is in chain and put in the march to water the farm and cries laudly and repeats again and again, “I need freedom”, can we ask why the two have different tones?

      Dear Fanti, any news about Ethiopian election result?

      tes

      • Fanti Ghana

        Hello Everyone,

        Selam, Tes, and Saay
        Thank you for your clarifications. I am okay now.

        Tes,
        the last I read EPRDF was winning 70% of 70% counted in some areas. It is a forgone conclusion that there won’t be anyone that can get even close to EPRDF on this election. Not only EPRDF’s success story in Ethiopia’s economic growth and very promising future plans for farther growth such as the GERD and Railroads, but also none of the oppositions seem to have any alternative to what EPRDF has done, is doing, will do. Many voters that were interviewed by some journalists echo very much the same reason for voting for EPRDF, and that is the oppositions don’t have an alternative policy to speak of and EPRDF is scoring verifiable points in every aspect of the economy and social services. While I am at this topic, I keep reading a few forumers sarcastically stating that EPRDF won 99.6% on last election. In a parliament system that is not unusual. Especially in a country that hasn’t established a democratic process to its full potential just yet. In the last election the actual votes were amazingly close between EPRDF and others such as 530,000 verses 480,000 in some areas. But in a parliament system whoever wins the majority votes wins the entire block. EPRDF won in most areas by a close margin but wider margins in some. That is where the 99.6% came from. It does not mean it won 99.6% of all the votes. So, brother Tes (and you too, Selam) don’t be surprised if you hear that EPRDF won by 95% in this election.

        Saay,
        I am so glad you mentioned the “Happy…to the followers” because I was never comfortable with that phrase myself. In fact, I remember exclaiming “do you mean that we are forbidden to feel happy for our kin?” when I first heard it, it pains me to admit but on ETV. Saay, the area I grew up on is the most mixed and liberated area than anywhere in Ethiopia that I know off. It is not unusual to hear names like Mohammed Gebrechristos not just the commonly known names like Mohammed Birhan. It is perfectly normal for Moslems to raise money to build Churches and visa versa in that area. The long time mixture of Tigrinya, Amhara, Oromo, and Afar gave that area an amazing beauty in its culture and demeanor, so most holidays are celebrated together. Here is an addition to your knowledge bank: You recall the thread Christians usually have around their neck to signify their religion (maEteb), well in my area it is the opposite! The Moslems have that thread and the Christians do not. That area is the only place I know where this is true. The story is we all grow with two to four rounds of colorful beads around our necks and at exactly age 14 almost every one takes them down to signify the transition from childhood to “man/womanhood,” but some people keep the thread as memorabilia well past their wedding. By sheer coincidence it so happens that those who started doing that happened to be those from predominantly Moslem pockets of our areas. Slowly but surly it became “theirs” over time. Isn’t that neat?
        Thank you all.

        • Rahwa T

          Dear Fanti Ghana,

          Selamat,

          Thank you very for elaborating on the point of the percentage of seats (not the number of VOTES) from last election. As you said it was boring to keep reading the sarcastic statement that EPRDF won 99.6%. They were told many times by Ethiopian authorities including PM Meles (RIP) about it. It was obvious that they gave deaf-ear as distortion through ridiculing was their purpose. I hope they would listen and learn from your well stated comment.

          • selam

            Dear Rahwa , counting should be given to the Ethiopian people not to tigray made counting machine. I have one oromo friend who reject every thing you said ,as he put it the most iron clad grip of power. No braining here. Just move on to other topic.

          • Rahwa T

            Dear Selam,
            I just can’t understand your logic of 93 million are being made to be subjugated by few million people. Sorry

          • selam

            Dear Rahwa
            You may want to have it all but the truth is not on your side , that has been the case long time ago. Silence the remaining is your motto.

            just to make you comfortable, click.

            http://www.meskerem.net/newsEthiopia.htm

        • Dear Fanti Ghana,
          Your statement that says, “But in a parliament system whoever wins the majority votes wins the entire block.” even if the difference is marginal, is really an eye-opening information. I am not an expert on the subject, but I think that the winner-takes-all voting system opens the door for all the anomalies that are associated with elections, such as vote rigging, intimidation, coercion etc, and it is equivalent to robbing other people’s’ votes, and denying them the chance to participate in a parliamentary democracy. This ends up in an odd situation, where a single opposition member is the only one in parliament. Simple proportional representation according to the percentage of votes gained by each party seems to be the fairest way of allocation of parliamentary seats. I am
          glad you mentioned that it was due to the absence established democratic process. I think that Amanuel Hidrat’s broad knowledge on the matter would help
          us a lot to understand the subject, if he has the time.
          Regards.

          • Abi

            Hi Horizon
            You are too logical. Inorder to see what is going on clearly, you must have (HD) High Definition or equivalent. ( same group) You can try different resolution but it must be from the same brand. HD. Try hp 500 or more It comes with a potential of captioning into different languages. You don’t need to program it . It is factory programmed. Use the same oppressive manual across the board.
            Do you like PMHD?
            Prime Movies in High Definition.

          • Selam Abi,
            What is at work here, your Gondere nature or what that you are ahead of us? What a wonderful way to say your opinion so subtly and yet so clearly. I can understand that it is out of respect you said, I am too logical. The right words to say would have been, I am too naïve. Your semina worq is just perfect.

            I like PMHD. You are telling me, if you are satisfied with the final product; forget about the manufacturing process, indirectly telling me to be apolitical on this subject. I would have liked him much more if he comes through a better electoral system. The achievements of the policy of developmental state have brought them so much credit that they should not be afraid of losing power at least for the immediate future.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Horizon,
            I don’t have enough time right now, but I am writing about the contemporary regimes and that includes “electoral regimes”. And I hope that might help us to identify the Ethiopian and Eritrean regimes. All in all the Ethiopian people are exercising their democratic rights, and the democratic institutions will grow and mature only with the growth of civic society. The Ethiopian government must encourage the Ethiopian people to form and be organized in civic activities. The public sphere and its civic institutions are always the driving force of change. In fact civic societies are the watch dogs for the activities to the poltical institutions of the state. In order to have a true democratic functioning state, the state must have the following structurs (a) Free private sectors (b) conscious civil societies (d) effective governmantal institutions with check and balance. The task of the current government is to work hard to make the aforementioned institutional sphere of the “state” function properly and constitutionally.
            regards,
            Amanuel Hidrat

          • Hayat Adem

            Emma,
            I totally agree with what you have said above. While I support and applaud the normative roles civic institutions play in over all democratization, they seem to be prone to influences from financiers. It less taboo for foreign hands to influence local politics through such institutions than through formal government offices. In that case, how do you incorporate political accountability and protected immunity to the very governance of civic societies themselves from being used as backdoor access to endanger sovereignty?
            I was listening to a conference organized by Esat media and top Ethiopian intellectuals were discoursing about the Horn. Dr Birhanu Nega proposed a transition for Ethiopia in which national elections are administered by foreigners. His reason is Ethiopian political parties have no trust among themselves. His choice are Scandinavian countries. He is asking for them to play the role of the National Election Board to administer the very election, not to observe. Conducting elections, competing in them and voting are all exclusively reserved for citizens of a sovereign nation. It sounded very desperate and bizarre of him to propose that. So bizarre!

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Hayat,
            Demanding national election to be administered by foreigners is simply allowing foreigners to interfere in to their domestic politics. Foreigners can only be there to watch the democratic process and measure the process on the conventianal democratic scale out there. After the election, they can give their own assessment to them. And if there were any irregularities, they could make notes for correction for the next election cycle.
            You see Hayat, there is always irregularities everywhere in any country’s election. The issue is how bad was the irregularities. Now the opposition have to learn from their mistakes of the 2005 election. Hayat, if they would have taken the over 200 seats they won in 2005, they could have been in good position at this time. Irregularities could be corrected and challenged in the next election. They lost their leverage when they forfeit their big win in a single election cycle.
            Now if there is a mistrust among the Ethiopian political forces, it is their duty to institute a process that help them to build trust among themselves. If they built a fair institutional process, then they have to trust to the institutions always and not to the contenders of the political offices or seats.
            regards,
            Amanuel Hidrat

          • Abi

            Hi Ato Amanuel
            I like to add one very important point that should not be overlooked. A formidable, educated middle class that is not intimidated or taken for granted by the ruling party.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Hello Horizon,

            I definitely agree that the “proportional representation” concept sounding more reasonable, but there is no voting system that does not have its own draw backs. The majority vote system would be perfect in a “single identity” society, but in a society like ours not only the smallest ones would never see the day of governing ever but also their issues would possibly never get addressed. You see, we are not a society that votes based on merit just yet. We are heavily influenced by tribal and religious affiliations in almost everything that we do. Although some vocal individuals may appear free of it all their deep sense of “belongingness” (which is true with all of us) will keep interfering with their attempted impartiality for the foreseeable future. Although much better than the majority vote in a country like ours, the proportional representation’s drawback would be a parliament that is so diverse it will spend most of its time arguing than solving any problems. There would be enough representatives of opposing views, but not enough majorities to vote on policies to get it done. So, we end up with two unfair choices. A fairly elected parliament that does nothing or a ‘comsi comsa’ parliament that does something. I know it is not perfect, but everything so far looks promising that we will get there someday.

          • Dear Fanti Ghana,
            Thank you for your enlightening response. It is a reasonable explanation, which takes into consideration the importance of a functioning government that is
            able to take decisions so that things move forward. It is true that there were governments in Europe that were forced to resign and go for another election, only six months after coming to power, because they did not have the necessary majority to govern properly. They were coalition governments or had a marginal majority. In the country I live, as much as I know, the constitution gives a
            bonus of seats in parliament to the first party, if it gets the majority vote above a certain percentage, so that it is able to rule, but no party is left out of parliament, if it obtains above a certain minimum percentage necessary to enter parliament.

            Regards.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Fanti Ghana &Horizon,

            With the current “Constitutional & institutional structures”, I don’t think the issue of “proportional representation” is feasible. For the federal states (including the nation and nationalities within each federal states) to have proportional representation in the “parliament”, it might require a change of the “governmental-structure” in the constitution, possibly from parliamentary to presidential. To do that, the Ethiopian people through their representatives and the political stake holders ( the parties) must agree to make that amendment. Constitutional amendments do also require the states to approve it at least with high votes (75%) of yes. In my view (a) until the ideal democratic institutions and the requirements for it evolves (b) until the consciousness of the people to the idea of democracy elevated and understood how it works, and their role in the democratic process, the current structure satisfies the “federal state of Ethiopia” to function progressively. At least the current structure gives equitable power sharing to the federal states ( to the 9 states) in the central government, while the states have full freedom to govern themselves. This in itself, and if there is also room for progress and change without any hindrance, as they are doing on economic development, it will be a big strides for Ethiopians.

            regards,
            Amanuel Hidrat

          • Fanti Ghana

            Hello Mr. Amanuel,

            Well said sir. There are numerous encouraging signs that show a good section of our society is getting the picture. Since leaders are not any different from the general public in their thinking and influences, the growth will definitely be on both sides. As society grows so will the leaders. A few more rounds like this and it won’t be too long before we are out of the woods. Some of those recently interviewed seem to cast their votes based on jobs, stability, and hopefulness when they vote in favor of EPRDF and unpreparedness and unknown platform when explaining why they didn’t vote for the other parties. So, please continue to wish us a good luck until the day we will able to share and compare experience between our sisterly nations.
            Thank you.

        • tes

          Dear Fanti Ghana,

          For me, most important is, “how peaceful it was.” The rest is politics which is of secondary.

          tes

  • T..T.

    Thanks Ismael for the full-length mirror perspective on Isayas and his government.

    Eritrea under Isayas lost its luster. Yes, for sure, the nation lost its luster as soon as the Meida mentality started reigning. No good. Nothing good comes from them so long they keep telling to a newly born child, “We used to eat soil, so why should now the people in the land we liberated eat meat and spaghetti?”

    When an old lady saw the city administration of Asmara drifting towards Meida type of “No this and no that,” she asked loudly, “Why fear and hatred of Wedi Ketema?”

    It is really paranoid to fear all Eritreans around you and to want to fragment their families in order to control the country.

    Supporting evidences: Grandfathers lost their dignity, are forced to guard streets at night. Fathers are either in ditches or digging ditches or working on roads. Mothers are out there sweeping streets. The remainder of the family is left alone, seen asking, “Which way is to Sudan or Ethiopia?” in order to cross the border and find a new caregiver.

    Surely, the old lady was right to speak of Isayas, “Warda’mo, Abmeida ZiLemedo Teseniniwo Imber!”

    A call on Mahmood, Selam and what his name Despair or Hope – forget about yesterday’s EPLF and Higdef. Talk about Isayas’s contempt of the people and his bitter hatred of the nation. The contempt, disappearance and killings of innocents cannot be seen as accidents. Nor can they be justified because they are befalling on others and not yours. Enough to bleeding innocents! Enough to using starvation as a tool to control the nation and its people!

    Every Eritrean knows all pro-Isayas are enjoying what’s going in Eritrea. To most of Eritreans, it may better be described as a crime show. Surely, it is about evil power tied to bitter hatred of the nation and its people. There, security being tightened to trample on every citizen right at Isayas’ convenience. Who is to resent? None, if those conscious don’t become their loud voices and go to UN or AU to get resolutions, who will?

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Yes T.T,

      Indeed “it is about evil power tied to bitter hatred of the nation and its people.” The crime scene is there ready for forensic scientists to record for purposes of justice and history…..the untold history. The story of the grandfather, father, mother, and their children looking for care taker has become the norm in the current life of Eritreans. And yet we have failed to have a common understanding on the fate of our people and our nation. Sad as it gets.

      regards,

      • T..T.

        Hi Amanuel,

        I hope the Eritrean opposition is getting in there soon to save the nation and the people.

        No doubt, the Eritrean opposition appears to have some problems. The most serious of which is that Isayas has a strong support of the Arab Gulf States, which by association the West’s stand against Isayas is slackened. As a result, Ethiopia is compelled to consider Isayas’s issue as only political. That’s why the Eritrean opposition is under the follow up or sponsorship of the Ethiopian defense department.

        Accordingly, it is better for the Eritrean opposition to seek Ethiopia’s military aid and support rather than a mere recognition. Otherwise, the opposition is getting much closer through daily interactions and joint-projects. They also know that Isayas is solo, no public or his military support.

  • Semere Andom

    The Independence Day That Never Was
    The Eritrean land escape gets even more confusing every year, some gullible some shrewd swindlers trip over themselves to celebrate this wrenched day called May 24, a day that replaced a despot with a home grown one. From its debut this so called Independence Day has inflicted unparralled pain except during the few years when the people we administered an anesthesia called honeymoon.
    Twenty four year on and when every aspect of Eritreanism has been attacked and on the verge of collapse to the utter shudder of those who paid dearly, we see people call this day liberation day and they pound their chests to express their pride. When the group who cheated them do not even remember their dead in the sea, a time when Eritreans have no advocacy from their so called government, at a time when Eritreans has been in its lowest since its creation, people are celebrating their bondage with flourish as if to say more of that pain please, pain is good, this is a blessed day as I get to celebrate my suffering.

    Although the collective wisdom and sacrifices of the people is the main catalyst to usher in change for generations, change that will pay dividends for future generations, leaders also have the power to orient the people in the right directions to challenges their people to accomplish certain goals. President Kennedy’s, “we must send man to the moon and return him safely back to earth.” Is one simple example. The mafia helming Eritrea now is remember for lots of stupid things but in a future democratic Eritrea when kids are learning how democracy was stifled, DIA will be remembered for his no more political parties in Eritrea, “nay widibatt hashewiye” speech. As future action revealed, although he referred to only wudibat he meat any dissent and opposition. The 1993 peaceful demonstration was not a widubat, the Mai Haber disabled fighters peacefully asking for the improvement of their lives was not widibat, the G-15 peacefully writing letter to their president was not widibat, the journalist who used the press laws that PFDJ enshrined were not widibat. And all were crashed disappeared.

    The pigs that support PFDJ and the shrewd swindlers who are profiting from this celebrations are dancing on the graves of all these dead and both groups have no shame, what blind supportes care about is to satisfy their “Quelle” and what the swindlers care about is their profits.
    May 24 from its debut 24 years ago and its finally, which would happen with the removal of PFDJ will be remembered with the suffering and mayhem it unleashed on Eritrea. And if Eritreansims is redeemed to defeat PFDJ and all its intrigues and on its rubble we build a just and democratic government, we have to replace our independence day with a true date that liberated us, We are under bondage since May 24, no matter how some love to split hair to define it otherwise. If this date is a fetish for some, we can compromise and allow the soil, the stones, rivers, trees, creeks and mountains celebrate it and we, the people of Eritrea, who are under even worse bondage under May 24 will have to find a true date that has liberated us and that date could be when we burry the PFDJ and its legacy.

    If liberating the land, the rivers and the gold buried under the belly of Eritrea was worth dying for, then the true liberation day that will dawn one day on the horizons of our country, washing the evaporated blood of the innocent from the atmosphere will be worth living for!

    • teweldino

      Hi Sem,

      Well said brother. What has been changed over the past 24 is that Amharic speaking oppressors are replaced by Tigrigna speaking worse oppressors. I have a 62 years old fitting quote for you:

      “ሓርነት ናይ ዕብየትን ናይ ክብረትን፡ ናይ ሓጎስን መሰረት ወይ ከኣ ክንፊ ኢዩ። ነፍሲ ወከፍ ሰብ ሓርነት ኪህልዎ፡ ብሓርነት ክነብር ይግባእ። ናይ ነፍሲ ወከፍ ሰብ ሓርነት፡ ናይ ምሉእ ህዝቢ ሓርነት ኢዩ። ናይ ህዝቢ ሓርነት ከኣ፡ ናይ ነፍሲ ወከፍ ዜጋ፡ ሓርነት ይኸውን። ሓደ ሰብ፡ ወይ ከኣ፡ ሓደ ህዝቢ፡ ምንም እኳ ሃገር እንተ እትህልዎ ሓርነት ካብ ዘይህልዎ፡ ብሓርነት ከኣ፡ ካብ ዘይነብርስ፡ እታ ሃገር እንታይ ምጠቐመቶ?!

      ሓደ ህዝቢ ንጥቕሚ ኻልኦት፡ ንኣገልግሎት ካልኦት እንካብ ዝነብር፡ ከመይ ኣቢልካ ሃገር ኣላቶ ኪብሃል ይከኣል? ሃገር እንተ እትህልዎ‘ሞ፡ ኣብታ ሃገሩ ሓርነት እንተ ዘይህልዎኸ፡ እታ ሃገር እንታይ ምጠቐመቶ? ኣብታ ሃገሩ ሓርነት እንካብ ዘይህልዎስ ሃገር የብሉን ማለት እዩ’ሞ፡ እቲ ህዝቢ’ቲ ብቐንዱ ህይወት የብሉን ማለትዶ ኣይኮነን? እወ ክቡራን መንእሰያት ደቂ ኤርትራ፥ ንሓርነት ድለዩዋ፥ ደሊኹም ርኸቡዋ፣ ብዝረኸብኩሙዋ ከቶ ኣይትስደዱዋ! መለኮታዊት ወይስ ኣምላካዊት ኢያድ እያ’ሞ ስገዱላ!

      ሓደ ሰብ ምእንቲ ሃገሩ ተዋጊኡ፥ ተጋዲሉ፡ ሞይቱ ኺብሃል ከሎ ምእንቲ ሓርነት ማለትዶ ኣይኮነን? እወ! ሓርነት ናይቲ ክሳዕ ናይ መወዳእታ ነጥቢ-ደም ዝፈሶ፥ ምእንቲ ሓንቲ ሃገር ዚግባእ ውግእን ገድልን ትሕጃ ወይ ከኣ ውዑል ኢያ! ሓርነት ኣንጻር ባርነት ማለት ኢያ። ኣብ መንጎ ክልቲኤን ካልእ መንገዲ የልቦን። ሓርነት ዘይብሉ ወይስ ሓራ ዘይወጸ ሰብ፡ ጌና ኣብ ባርነት ዘሎ ሰብ ማለት ኢዩ …”

      ኣቦይ ወልደኣብ ወልደማርያም

      ጋዜጣ ሓንቲ ኤርትራ
      5 መስከረም 1951
      ቍ. 90

      Please follow the link below if you want to read the whole article.

      https://eriup.wordpress.com/2013/01/23/%E1%89%A5%E1%88%AD%E1%8B%92-%E1%8D%A1-%E1%8A%A3%E1%89%A6%E1%8B%AD-%E1%8B%88%E1%88%8D%E1%8B%B0%E1%8A%A3%E1%89%A5-%E1%8B%88%E1%88%8D%E1%8B%B0%E1%88%9B%E1%88%AD%E1%8B%AB%E1%88%9D/

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Tewldino,

        Thank you for the quote. However, the everlasting words as “quoted” of our revered father of Eritrean politics should have been addressed to “dawit, Nitricc…etc” who are fighting against the concept of “liberty or “ሓርነት” at this crucial period of our history. It is a memorable saying from the father of Eritrean politics.

        regards,
        Amanuel Hidrat

        • teweldino

          Hi Amanuel,

          Let’s not waste our time on them; “አውቆ የተኛ ሲቀሰቅሱት ኣይነሳም” ይብሉ ደቂ ዓዶም

          • Abi

            Hey Teweldino
            You are way into other’s territory. We have to demarcate ASAP before we start another round of war.
            ” we shall kill or die. We shall never surrendere!” Omar Sharif. ( Lawrence of Arabia)

        • Fanti Ghana

          Hello Mr. Amanuel, SGJ, and many others in your age group,

          If I was a young Eritrean

          I would thank you for your life long selflessness; I would thank you for being on the look out for my freedom and dignity. I would thank you knowing full well that you could have focused on your self aggrandizement, but you chose instead to fight for me and for what’s mine. I would thank you along with those who paid with their dear life for freedom, democracy, and justice. I would thank you along with those who are fighting against tyranny.

          I would also ask you to forgive me for failing to recognize all your contributions to the struggle while I was in school building my own future while you were building mine. I would also ask you to forgive me for not showing you my respect for everything you have done and continue doing for our people and our country. There were even times I insulted you and many others like you, knowing full well that you owe me nothing, but I owe you a debt of gratitude for everything you did and intend to do. It did not matter under what banner, umbrella, or organization you manifested your love of your country and mine. It only matters that you stood guard day and night for my dignity. Please try to look a little farther than my short sighted vision, and accept my sincere apology for not thanking you earlier than today.

          Thank you!

      • Semere Andom

        Hi Teweldino:
        Thanks for Sharing the greate WelWel. This was in deeded why struggle was wage but such gems are deliberate are not invoked in the EriTV

  • tes

    Oh Dear Ismail,

    How wonderful and blessed you are! I think I will include your article on my on-going thesis titled by:

    Three Forces in One: Transcendence
    and Deceit of Eritrean Struggle for Independence and its consequences

    (Theory that Reveals the Existing Complexity of PFDJ
    and its Secret Driving Power) (Research paper)

    • Fenomeno

      Off course you are free to do what you want, but as I said in my other post, the above article contains a weak analysis.

      Number one reason why PFDJ is still gaining the support of many and why many more are not denounincing it,is not mentioned in the article. Even though that seems to be the aim of the article.

      Eritreans are scarred that due to the fact that there is no strong united opposition, that an Eritrea without PFDJ would turn into chaos. I am not saying that this fear is right, but this fear does exist.

      Why do you think that Isiaias yesterday gave the people an analysis of the current state in Syria, Libya and Iraq. Because they do seem to understand this fear (actually they partly planted it off course), and they know that it is their lifeline.

      • tes

        Dear Fenomeno,

        I think the article is not to recognize why people are supporting PFDJ or not rather it is helping us to recognize on hoz dicateurs play a game.

        Your last point, I can’t agree more.

        tes

  • dawit

    Dear Kokobay,

    Thank you for your input ‘correcting’ me on how “ቤላ ወ ቤለው” is used and also explain the root of the word ‘”bela-below” from Tigre, adopted in the Tigrigna. My understanding of the phrase “ቤላ ወ ቤለው” means ‘he said and they said’ which is a masculine form and “ቤለት ወ ቤለያ” would be the feminine format. The word ወ is equivalent to the English ‘and’ a Conjunction . The expression is used to refer to rumor, that some one telling a story where he has no first hand information but spread rumors that hurt people or society in general. Now you can refer to Mahmuday post about the accuracy of Salim’s story about EPLF origin as an exclusive ‘Christian’ or Tigrai-Tigrigne group.

    But my objection was not that much focused on the history of ELF/EPLF, but about the Eritrean Classic political document ‘Nhnan-Elamanan’, as presented in the article referred as a source of Christians/Moslem divisions in Eritrea, which was contrary to its positive role of bringing the two religions together to unit and focus their energy to the liberation struggle, as opposed to ELF faulty policy of religion and ethnic origin and divisions of Eritrean society and the independence struggle. The document corrected the faulty method of struggle, in which the Ethiopian colonial power exploited as Islamic or Arabic movement.

    In my opinion regardless who wrote it, it is a valid document that every Eritrean should read and lean from it. It may need some editorial correction to some of the languages used at that time in the heat of the Civil war.

    Here is a link to an English translation of the document on line: I am sure the original Tigrigna document must be somewhere online. Read it and reach your conclusion about the document instead of relying on “bela-below” version.
    http://www.ypfdjcalifornia.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/EPLF-Founding-Document.pdf
    dawit

  • sara

    Dear all—–happy 24th independence day to all eritreans at home and abroad.
    the president has echoed the current predicament in our region,and the effects it is having on the neighborhood including eritrea. the ongoing conflict in the horn and the middle east are the result of wrong us policy in the region . the invasion of afghanistan and iraq were illegal. these two invasions are responsible for the current chaos in the region. these two wars have contributed to the emergence of terror groups. the manner in which the mainstream western media handled the coverage of the so called war on terror somehow created an impression that it is a war on islam and muslims. the us needs to revisit its policies toward the region.
    may peace reign our country and the region,

    • selam

      Dear sara
      welcome , long time . Yes you are right all about the US but does Eritrea with an economy equal to a very medium private company in US need to say any thing about the super power of America policies? Just as honest discussions , do the Eritrean people need to listen about this while they are begging for justice ? We need solutions for our justice and freedom , we can not afford to negotiate things out side of our reach. I believe the Eritrean people owe nothing to America or any one on their needs.Just your take on his speech .

      • Peace!

        Dear Selam,

        Of course every Eritrean including the Opposition Groups need to listen to understand whats looming in our region. The Middle East is sinking into sand as Hilliary Clinton predicted few years ago, and with that in mind every decision Eritrea is making at this critical juncture will have impact on the country for generations to come.

        regards

        • selam

          Dear peace
          Yes , I already accepted sara explanation but , how do we define one country leader to spend most of his intro speach to spend all about american policy? Peace I know outside forces do harm and even creat lies over lies but who gave them the chance to defame us? He is the main source for the miserable condition over Eritrea. he failed on his move , how on earth do you think Americans and weynes frame him with a bogus lies ? Every body knows IA can never ever able to transpost 2000 soldiers to somalia , Every body knows weyane and their children djubiti lied but under whose watch ? He has to own his failure and his crime no more hiding behind american policy at all.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear selam,
            now you are balancing things to get where the wight is. is change first within? isn’t blaming others (even true) after keeping the nations in peace as the name goes PFDJ for democracy and justice? why you have to arrest people, without reason while you are blaming US? ETC, Keep going…

          • Peace!

            Dear selam,

            As you may know when it comes to doing interviews and speeches, he thinks he is a UN secretary. Nevertheless, we need to keep in mind his audience are diehard PFDJ and YPFDJ, not justice seekers whom they have given up on him to the extent they are fighting to bring him to justice. Obviously he is playing “Nation Comes First” card and that’s exactly what his followers want to hear.

            regards

          • sara

            Dear peace
            the “nation comes first” thinking/belief is i guess is true to majority of eritreans, and what’s wrong with that? isn’t this what every citizen of any country is expected to to think before himself. didn’t the GOOD GUYS said ” think what you can do to your country not what your country will do to you” isnt this the same with NATION COMES FIRST . why do we belittle what comes from our patriots but we are fixated by what others say? isn’t this a disease called colonial mentality?
            happy independance day to you.

    • dawit

      Dear sara,
      Yes the president raised several points that affects Eritrea and the region. But do you think Awatistas should discuss those issue? The main point raised so far is the president clothes and tie being recycled? Then we have a Photoshop doctored fake articles as the main topic of Independence Day Article raising an expired topic for ELF/EPLF conflicts. It is amazing how media agents manipulate the media on what topics Eritrean need to discuss.
      Regards

      • tes

        Dear dawit,

        I am sure AT are busy in researching and compling facts on DAI’s next vectims by the name of corruption. DIA is weeding hiscriminal puppets who are living through corruption. I am planning to open a case against him as he shutting our business (the weed-thme-out camp).

        tes

      • sara

        Dear dawit,
        what could we say except alaah yehdihome ,and keep ourselves expecting they will learn one two things overtime, but never always same same, they don’t rise to the occasion. look its independence day and this being speciall occasion for ALL ERITREANS as usual they failed even to say a thing of our past struggle towards independence . i understand about ethiopians if they don’t, and i respect that position , even though i wish they also get over it and look to the future, but eritreans could not mince the word happy independence day here at awate, which the name denotes the man who shot the firs bullet,. is really hard to understand, and in fact i now days started to suspect the stereotype thinking of our neighbors is maybe true,,, they know and knew how to cheat us… because we are…… you know what i mean.
        may the good lord help us overcome this dilemma!

  • selam

    Dear awatista
    I am sure you all read SJG article about the opposition not long ago. I always learn from every word he drop in this website and that is true with most young commenters i guess. You see when you try to provoke people like SJG you get lesson you will never forget. You come back other day, you read other trash article which is written by 70th mind and never wake up from his deep sleep. ELF was not better than EPLF and that is why they lost in 1980th in the field of politics and also in man to man war. Do you think this writer is one person , no there are so many old people with their evil understanding of history , who want no better than to mess every thing . While he is perfectly right about the picture I doubt he is honest on his take about EPLF. I really wouldn’t add more because M.saleh already explained clearly to the point. Dear Haile would it be better if you take on this article rather than with dawit , it would be a great offer for us and also for the RECONSILE motto of awate.com. because people like Ali salim are spoiling every thing .These people are the only reason we found ourselves on the corner and no way to move forward. Lets kill the bad idea so that a great idea and great women and men can stand to dissolve PFDJ. Where are You SJG , Ted, haile TG ,sara okubay , and other Eritreans ? Please do not let us down , lets fight this old venom once for all so that we can dissolve IA and his cronies.

    • selam

      Dear pls read the name as ismail omer ali not ali salim

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear Selam,
      we can’t just forget history or delete it all. History is history, but what I will say is we should not live in history or past. Yet, we should not forget we are the result of the past which will be important to learn form it. it seems there are two type of people who keep telling us we should not live int the past, one is the one who want us to reconcile correcting the mistakes and taking the correct once for future good. and one who want just dismiss to cover his historical crimes and don’t care to correct mistakes. you and me don’t need to doctorate degree in political science and psychology to recognize who is who. no doubt the most transparent and open minded man SGL is after future good with good heart and mind.

      Selam, it seems you and me ( may be) have different views (hopefully not ) about past history of those fronts. for me, everybody somehow had been in ELF. even those who don’t born or those who directly join EPLF just joined a front that once upon a time was part of ELF. so, no one should claim that ELF belongs to him or some one try to tell us ELF was worst than EPLF when EPLF was in first row who failed to solve differences and even use external force to dismiss Eritrean front. if those on the top who are leading PFDJ are thinking that history is going to end and forgotten they must be dreaming. and I am number one who want to bring them for justice of the death both ELF and EPLF innocent fighters of that era.

      to save their head from the people like me, they are creating wars like Badme which I fought for and administrate it before you claim yes for freedom (I said also yes but not to be under EPLF leave alone PFDJ) during referendum. . . Badme was free before the nation was registered as nationa..Lol..

      So this is clear for you I think, including those crocodiles in PFDJ leadership like Alamin, and IA were the worst part of AMA “Haradit” as they try to call it. Now, if we don’t correct mistakes in due time, the price goes higher like someone who don’t plan his life well and brow money from bank, who has to pay interest more every time. that is what happened and what is happening I believe in our case. Just not to remove that nonsense group, we are paying a price which is high and unacceptable.

      Selam, you can collect thousands of people and beg to be in your side I wish I do also. people are nice, ask me and let me tell you. we can’t and don’t even think of it that we can reconcile with out putting the true history. and then only then we can say let the people forgive or hung – what ever they want.

      you and some of our people are so nice they are looking for peace and cover everything, that is just impossible and the best way is remove the bad Idea of PFDJ as EPLF and EPLF are history who end as result giving us PFDJ. bad gift.

      • selam

        Dear k.s
        would you prefer a dinner than to have a breakfast , and lunch? I did not choose to born from my parents in which their parents where both in GEBHA ABAY, but I should have the right to say and see ELF , EPLF completely different from PFDJ.
        I can not accept my parents hard work , blood and life for independence to be related to PFDJ , I know they have never ever thought that such scenario would be in Eritrea. I have a living witness that inform me that EPLF is quite different from PFDJ.
        What I am advocating is for every one to be united in order to crash PFDJ and make Eritrea a vibrant country again. I am not asking too much sir , I am just saying lets collect our grievances in one pot and work collectively to make change.

        • Kokhob Selam

          Dear Selam,

          I am not opposing your request. But here two points please. first I believe the requester is even allowed to be instructor etc, but it should be the same who should answer it in our case. 2nd here is the advantage of history…leave alone the old history but what do you learn from those who requested and try to answer? believe me, it is the same people who suffered long plus those who start to wake up and still you try to call them supported by “weyane”, what has gone wrong? then you need to know the secrets. it is not only the their weakness that let them down, but the tricks of PFDJ was still higher. even you Selam call them weyane’s. Poor guys. things are very complicated than you still thought.

          so first you should study what makes opposition not successful as it should be, and start to make fresh journey without neglecting them. I don’t hate someone who didn’t success as far as his aim if for good of people. I in fact I will support him be in his side to see him winner.

          “What I am advocating is for every one to be united in order to crash PFDJ and make Eritrea a vibrant country again. I am not asking too much sir , I am just saying lets collect our grievances in one pot and work collectively to make change.:

          the first thing I know is to make clear description of what you want. it should not be to just to dismiss PFDJ. but Dismissing the idea for ever and that requires spy free party not all parties. don’t expect all those parties will go to Asmara at the same time. some are already with PFDJ. so that old thinking should be forgotten. it is one very bad killer party who will take the risk that should lead. are you ready for it? If you are in Asmara, you will be very much important for that party.

    • dawit

      Dear selam,
      dawit speaks his mind and that is why he condemned this ‘bela-below’ article from the start. Here is a problem at AT, SJG, HTG, KS, and Amanuel H don’t care to oppose an article as long as it condemns IA, historically right or wrong about Eritrea. I may be wrong, but according to their thinking IA and EPLF are the same. If you kill the head then the body will die. Selam and Mahmud Saleh want to kill the head surgically while preserving the body, which is impossible task. What separate dawit from the rest is that he wants to preserve the head and the body for the sake of Eritrea, and that is why he is labeled as ‘The Spoiler’.
      Regards

      • Kokhob Selam

        Dear Dawitom,

        you mention the world “bela-below” 2 times. I want first to correct you about that word which is not in the right place. do you say “Why?” Look as far as I know the word is Tigre and is frequently used word in Tigrigna. combined words to give you one meaning “ኢሉ እሎሞ ” which normally gives you the word “ተባህለ” . isn’t it? if you agree with me “ተባህለ” .is something which the speaker can’t confirm it as he didn’t see it.

        But the man didn’t say “ተባህለ” .and is confirming it with facts. Yet, the best thing on the above article is we are living and experiencing it (it is not even past but real today’s life). so you can pull this word and if you love it make sandwich and swallow it while watching Cinema Roma’s African songs of these days with ፋኛቱራ moving.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam dawitom,

        If I don’t condemn the blood thirsty despot who kills anyone on his way, I am expired like those who are dead and buried in a cemetery plots. Not yet my friend. Even if he will have a succession (his son or one of his enablers) for his throne to continue the system he installed, I will live to resist until the apparatus of oppression is dismantled. I will keep the hope of the oppressed Eritreans alive until justice surely adjudicated and observed. When I joined the armed struggle, I have taken “a struggle as my life.” So I am still in unfinished political business of a nation and its people. And I have no doubt the names you mentioned them have the same dedication to the hopes and aspiration of our people.

        But let me ask you (though you always avoid my questions), why do you want to preserve the body and the head of the despot? It is strange to say the least.

        regards,
        Amanuel Hidrat

        • dawit

          Dear Amanuel,

          Come on Aman, dawit has not changed gear still ‘znegese ngusna’ is valid. At this junction of our history, yes “Eritrea and Isaias are inseparable”. That is why the “Kebero-Junkies” believe ‘Nhina-Nisu, Nisu-Nhina’. Your struggle for Eritrean people ended when you abandoned the struggle in 1887, crossed Eritrea border to Sudan with I (Incomplete) grade of( I). You had an Incomplete (I), but by May 24, 1991, it reverted automatically to F. There is no Makeup Test for F grade, The Liberation 101 course is not offered any more, it is replaced by Development 200 and Mekete 201. You can enroll in those courses if you still desire to help the Eritrean people. But to take those courses, there is a prerequisite course in music ‘Kebero 101’ offered at any Eritrean Community Colleges throughout the world.

          Cheers!

          dawit

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dawitom,

            Actually the concept of “Zenegese Negusna” in itself and essentially is “neutral.” What that should mean: I don’t condemn or condone the regime nor do I condemn or condone the struggle of the oppositions to bring an alternative regime. Hey, dawit now, is advocating in consolidating the existing regime with all its demerits and inhumanity against our people. You are indeed soliciting an advice to me to be enrolled in to the “keboro 101”, the music that blares the evils of the regime and forgets the victims of its system. Isn’t this a complete U-turn that is common by the way in the Eritrean politics. It hasn’t started by you, the in and out in to the “koboro 101” is the most prevalent that incapacitate the struggle for change.

            regards,

    • Peace!

      Hi Slam

      Good point! Obviously the writer is very articulate, but he is talking to over sixty years old Eritreans as if they have the potential to destroy PFDJ, and as much as he admired EPLF, he didn’t come up with creative ideas to outsmart EPLF. Needless to say, PFDJ is still smart when it comes to defending its organization; it is heavily investing on fresh blood, kids and youth whom are solidly becoming the legacy of the organization the writer despises. The fatal mistake the critics of EPLF have been making is that they never invest on young generation, and that created a huge gap to the extent the young no longer understand the Jebha/Shaebia language.

      regards

      • selam

        Dear peace
        Yes you are perfectly right , they(PFDJ) are pouring a lot of money to make sure their bloody organization stays alive. I was surprised to see a 20 years old young boys and girls want to be the next guardian of PFDJ, I can not imagine . I hope they also will have input from the western culture of justice and democracy. If not ismail omer Ali and others will still need to fight the youngest PFDJ too. Now we should really make a distinction between EPLF and PFDJ unless we will remain in our old wounds. I hope people like ismail omer Ali has a solution to the current problem with out depending on their hatful blame game to score very limited bubble.

  • Haile WM

    did you see the look he gave towards the applauder ? it was a glimpse on how the things are behind the fake curtains.
    the old new thing of the speech however, is the fact he is reviving meda type tricks again i.e. “the corrupt officials” 🙂 although i was expecting he would say the constitution drafting was hampered by the “Indera” of america….

  • Mahmud Saleh

    Dear all
    So disappointing that at a time when we started having sound discussions, I am reading this article. Here are some of my observations. And don’t I intend to engage the writer, so I will make them as clear and as blunt as possible.
    1. “PFDJ/GOE – dear compatriots – is nothing but EPLF in Government attire and I sincerely believe that if our country is to have a prosperous and peaceful future, not only must Eritreans dismantle the GOE /PFDJ regime but must also bury with it all traces of EPLF’s rigid and militaristic culture.”
    Too confused. Let the almighty give us the capability in dealing with PFDJ first, dear Ismael. History will take care of EPLF. Many understand what the message is meant by ” not only must Eritreans dismantle the GOE /PFDJ regime but must also bury with it all traces of EPLF’s rigid and militaristic culture” and where that message originates from. Thanks though.

    2 ” Nonetheless, Isaias, who came from Tigray-Tigrigna cultural background…[…]… So, unlike others who sought or hoped for a gradual cultural balance within Jebha, he opted to separate himself and EPLF was born. This provided him with two rewards: first, he became the supreme undisputed leader albeit over a smaller and totally homogenous segment. Second, it enabled him to propagate his religio-cultural philosophy of de-Arabizing and de-Islamizing Jebha (and subsequently Eritrea).”
    What’s wanted to be made HERE?
    a/ ShaEbia was a Christian….based…?
    b/ shaEbia was a Tigray-Tigrigni cultural movement?
    Dear writer: First this is an old and boring salvos. Please be careful, let’s heal the wounds. That’s why minds intoxicated with seventies garbage cannot produce solutions for today.
    Second, just a reminder: The majority of fighters who separated from ELF and who established EPLF WERE Muslims. Selfi natsnet which was lead by Issayas was very small. The major faction was PLF-1 supported by Osman Saleh Sabe and composed of Muslim fighters which arrived through Aden to Denkalia, and another Muslim faction, which was greater than Issayas selfi-nastnet, was composed of fighters who hailed from the Marias (Oubelyin). Issayas’ group was insignificant. The fact of the matter is that groups of fighters who felt they were in immediate danger surrendered to Ethiopia, others left in groups because they felt ELF leadership did not have mechanism capable of solving internal frictions which had brewed for years and which they had tried to solve within ELFframework, (tripartite unity- alwaHda a’salasiya). It’s despicable that you paint EPLF as a sectarian and religious organization.
    3. It’s amusing that you cared for MenkaE (all Christians) and G-15 most of them Christians and founders of the organization you designated as a sectarian and religious vanguard of Christians while you had no qualms at trashing the organization they had founded and lead as sectarian and religious one. They call this ክውዕየካ ብማንካ ክዝሕለካ ብኢድካ
    4. Let’s be clear, all in all, an unhelpful article, recycled destructive propaganda, simply trashy. If you really think IA is a zealot, then you have become super-zealot. At least, if IA acts the way he is acting it is understandable since he is a dictator. But to read this from …a “justice seeker”? It’s the sign of time.
    5. Long live EPLF, and glory to those selfless martyrs who had no idea that their organization would one day be mesHaQ sherafat!! They did not die under the banner of a sectarian or a religious organization.
    Regards.

    • Belai

      Dear Mahmud,

      It is a rare and distinct privilege indeed to post my first ever comment on this page to jot down a few words in response to your courageous and fact-laden commentary.

      Ever since you made your first appearance on this august page I have intensely admired your highly penetrating and uplifting articles and comments. I have to admit, my confidence in the ongoing struggle for change and the future of our country has not only been restored but bolstered.

      The contemptuous behavior of IA renders him an equal opportunity trampler. To attribute his malfeasance, pre and post-independence, on his religio-ethnic affiliation is sheer delusion. It is the denial of this fundamental reality that has discouraged many Eritreans, including yours truly, from joining hands to be a part of the solution. I don’t deny the fact that some segments of the Eritrean community may feel aggrieved, but the time to redress it can only be ushered with our collective and united might. Giving prominence to real or imagined religio-ethnic slight now will only entrap us in IA playbook and vitiate our course towards the ultimate “prize.”

      Thank you for affirming my belief that the children of Eritrea who paid the ultimate price did so representing one geography and one faith……..Eritrea.

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Dear Belai

        I am humbled by your positive and uplifting reply. Dear Belai, as you know, this type of positive and optimistic comment makes its way into this forum very rarely. There is a small group in this forum which refuses to get hoodwinked again. PFDJ trick is enough. Eritrea has already gone through devastating experiments; we are not ready to join any crowd based on flying sloganeering. We believe both sides, PFDJ and the “oppositions”, have hurt Eritrea and Eritreans, and understand that the way forward is for all responsible Eritreans to do the responsible thing: that’s carry on an honest dialogue on laying down realistic steps of struggle. Of course, this group is so small here that you could easily see how endangered it has become. Please come as often as you could, otherwise, this group is on the verge of extinction. Generally, there are two vocal and fierce groups hurting us. One extreme group requires us to first show our love and loyalty to the Ethiopian government in order to establish that our will to resist injustices is indubitable. Therefore, the love for Eritrea should be demonstrated first by the love for the Ethiopian government and its policies. The second group crashes us from the other side by insisting we first love PFDJ unequivocally before we project our love for the nation, and our resolve to see it bettered. The small group which I belong to refuses repeating the same mistakes of the past. We are in this stage of our history because we entrusted our fate to a small circle which in turn entrusted it to one man. We are not going to do that again. If we get a space we will contribute positively, if we don’t, we will keep exposing lies, fabrications and deceitful maneuvers aimed at furthering the endangerment of the nation and the people. We will stay course, demystifying long held false accusations and fabrications. An individual’s or a group’s calls for change based on falsifying and fabricating is not worth entertaining it. Some will tell you if it hurts PFDJ, it’s OK even if it hurts the nation; if it starves PFDJ, it’s OK even if it starves the nation…

        In the article you have read there is this statement: “So, unlike others who sought or hoped for a gradual cultural balance within Jebha, he opted to separate himself and EPLF was born. This provided him with two rewards: first, he became the supreme undisputed leader albeit over a smaller and totally homogenous segment. Second, it enabled him to propagate his religio-cultural philosophy of de-Arabizing and de-Islamizing Jebha (and subsequently Eritrea).”
        I want you to zero in on the “… first, he became the supreme undisputed leader albeit over a smaller and totally homogenous segment…”
        This is inaccurate. EPLF FOUNDATION WAS AS DIVERSE AS IT COULD GET. PLF-1 was in the 500s, almost all of its members were muslims. Selfi Natsnet, was composed of Christian highlanders, although I have no figure for it, it was much smaller than that. Obel group was of composed of Muslim members (from the Marias) and was larger than Selfi Natsnet. These three groups combined made EPLF. I am using the “Muslim” and “Christian” adjectives to stay within the writers theme, otherwise, the composition of those groups had no religious causes. ELF military doctrine established five regions based on religion and ethnicity. It was natural for selfi Natsnet to be composed of Christian highlanders; like wise, Omaro and Romadan, who had served as a commander and deputy respectively of the Eastern escarpments would normally have had a high number of Tegadelti from Semhar, Akeleguzai and Dankalia. Osman Saleh Sabe’s support of this group was not coincidental. Therefore, EPLF origin was diverse. We should not entertain wild fabrications for the sake of political expediency.
        Regards.

    • Semere Andom

      Dear Mahmud
      If we consider May 24 a high note in our history it is incumbent upon us to be brutally honest about the process that lead to this “high note”
      First in my humble opinion, it is a mistake not to try to engage Ismail Omer Ali, unsolicited advice and I delegate Saay for my reasons of saying this.
      On the attire change of EPLF/PFDJ when they took the helm, I agree with Ismail and it was not him to say this for the first time, it was Petros Solomon one of the founders of EPLF who told VOA a paraphrased version of the statement that you have a problem with. We know that the core ideals of Ghedli was as WelWel articulated it as per the quote Teweldino provided, but it was basterized to have being sparked for real state issues and EPLF as a lead, which concluded the armed struggle failed miserably to live up to those sober founding ideals. The hijacking that you agree with did not happen in Asmara with the advent of PFDJ and the cosmetic change that PFDJ has become was meant to purge the last standing fathers who still wanted to right the wrongs. Reading Petros, Haile Derue, Beraki and others during the short lived open discussions reveals that they were ready to tell it all, and that would have implicated IA in Eritrea’s version of truth and reconciliation , most of the leading members of theG-15 were alluding to. They were consistently saying that they were ready to face their responsibilities if they have made mistakes/crimes during the armed struggled and they sounded confident. IA had much to loose and he gambled with the nation than to face the crimes he committed hiding behind the Ghedli garb.
      But to go back to the Christian roots of EPLF, read Nhan Elamanan*
      It I really simple Mahmuday, the roots are obvious and the facts that Romadan and co agreed with IA doe not make it non-Christians. Ramadan and co did not have a choice demographically, ELF was chasing them and they knew IA as their friend and comrade in China, they had to choose between the new university students and him, the devil you know vs the angel you do not know was their dilemma, IA used them to liquidate Menkae and then he got back to them and now these group have met their death one by one, there is only one, the dead Alman walking.
      People like Ismael will deal with history and history in turn will deal with EPLF, just to correct the tired notion that let live it to history
      * Nhan Elamanan. I am kidding, just trying to recycle as Eritrean needs sound environmental policy 🙂

      • saay7

        Cousin iSem:

        The good news is on your bet: You made it all the way to today, May 25. The bad news is it’s very very far from June 13. You lost the best. Clear your throat: compose Eletrea! Eletrea! In Tigrayit. Then send it to Wad Haiget for editing. Are you conceding or will u insist on that stubborn Habesha thang?

        saay

        • Semere Andom

          Dear Cousin Sal:
          Was not our bet not to mention anything that has Ethiopia or TPLF for 40 days?
          If not, no reason to be stubborn

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Salam sem A

        First, in case you did not notice Eritreans celebrated May 24. There is no way you will be able to delete it from history. But…just but…let’s see what deleting May 24 would mean.

        – Eritrea was officially declared an independent nation On May 24, 1993. Let’s try to delete that. But there was a process that had lead to that date. It’s called Referendum. Well, you will have to delete that too.

        – Eritrea was liberated from Ethiopian occupation on May 24. I have to be frank with you, it’s with painful self-control attempts that I am writing, and trying to make this reply as sober as possible. There were blood and sweat that went to making that date possible. The last tegadalay I know died just few minutes before declaring Asmara was secured, the war of course did not end until the 25th when Assab and battles in the Western areas (Barentu-Teseney- of fleeing armies ended). So, the date is not just a date. You have every right to select your own date, or to make up one, but to many Eritreans, that date does not belong to PFDJ or to individuals who want to impose their own whims on us. The right thing should be to give that date the honor it deserves. And we keep resisting PFDJ for that reason.

        – But, let’s say we want to change that date. That would also mean changing (or rewriting) the history that had made that date. OK…may be ghedli never happened, yes? or EPLF should be eliminated from the history? I can read a glimpse of that futile attempt in this article.

        -OK then when do you stop? May be changing 1961 so wipping off the Eritrean struggle; or changing the date the Federation was enacted so it never existed; or changing the date Eritrea was declared a colony so Eritrea never existed…Where do you stop? And who is going to entertain this idea? Semere, as resolute as you feel you are, there are also folks who are as stubbornly resolute not to get entrapped in the fogs of misinformation. If you believe Eritrea was forcefully occupied and deserved to be free, then you have no reason to repeat impractical calls to change the date; it’s not necessary and it’s not doable. But such calls will help PFDJ justify its rule. The easiest task would be removing an unjust rule than removing history; or changing date-posts. What if th3e post PFDJ regime also need to be replaced, are future generation going to busy themselves moving posts and deleting history?

        Second, on EPLF; I have explained why I object the sections of the article I have objected in my original comment, and now in my reply to Belai; please read my reply to Belai. Giving a full response to your reply will be repetitious. But I want to demerit one of your assertions, and here it is:
        “Ramadan and co did not have a choice demographically, ELF was chasing them and they knew IA as their friend and comrade in China..”
        The truth: It was IA who had no choice. He was trapped in a narrow strip of the escarpment of Semienawi BaHri after he had moved north from Aala. Romadan and co actually had sufficient supplies of weapons (PLF weaponry system was more advance at that time compared to ELF, with assault rifles (KA-47s), Russian and China made machine guns…. which were rare at that time; and they did have diplomatic connections to the outer world through Sabe, they had financial resources, thanks to Osman Sabe’s work; and they had a population who supported them (it was their demographic base-Saho, Afar, Tigre), therefore, they had no reason to feel compelled to join Issayas. The reason they joined him was obvious, they saw no religious zealotry in Selfi Natsnet, and unlike the factions you try to defend, they compromised.
        Note: I don’t like, and I don’t trust individuals who try to pontificate us 30, 40 years after the facts. All my responses are based on experience, reading, and living with those who had gone through those critical years.
        About Nhnan Elamanan: this is as you said a recycled material and has become niche marketing tool. I will find that document and re-read it again. But as I remember it, it explained who they were, why they were separating from ELF, and what do they stand for (you have to put YOURSELF in their pace). Ask yourself the following:
        1. Did mistreatment and abuses that would elicit the idea of forming their own organization occur in ELF at that time or not?
        2. Did they try to correct the mistreatments?
        3. Was there a mechanism in place that they could have used for reformation without endangering their lives?
        4. Who tells abuses, the mistreated or the mistreating; the abused or the abusing?
        5. Nhnan Elamana, as I remember it, contained inaccuracies, bitter accounts, raw language, and it did not live long. But it was an original work of 23-24 year old young man who had no background of writing, and who lacked experience and sound academic base. Butb one thing was clear and it was captured in one of those lines that I remember; paraphrasing:
        ” Injustice is injustice commited by a Muslim or A CHRISTIAN….”
        6. although the manuscript appears to be in IA handwriting, it’s believed two or more individuals participated in its production.
        7. If I get time I will comment on it on a separate occasion.
        PS: please leave the imprisoned tegadelti aside unless it is necessary to invoke their names, their families are passing through double tragedy. And it’s a rollercoaster for them to see their loved ones mentioned in different colors, sometimes as criminals and sometimes as justice seekers/reformers.
        Regards.

        • Semere Andom

          Hi Mahmuday:
          Really, did Eritreans celebrate May 24? I must have been under a rock, wait yes I am under a rock, the PFDJ rock.
          You know we cannot erase the events of May 24 and the fact is that it was a day when every Amhara speaking person was removed from the office and replaced by Tigriniya speaking and in many cases Tigrayit speaking or both. That fact, a lunatic would want or attempt o change and last time I checked this commenter is not one
          Of course you know thaat I was taking about a day when Eritreans were liberated and I even said we can keep the May 24 as a day when the land was liberated
          While I am there let me ask you this Mahmuday in a free Eritrea if some of the parliamentarians introduced this motion and vote for it, what will the resolute who want to remember the day of slavery do about it, conduct a coup?
          About the 1961, Mahmuday, you know my firm stand on the unbridled right to wage the armed struggle and my insistence that it was not waged for the real estate solely but for liberty, so it bears repeating that I never said will never say to replace alfatih min September, you know it because we exchanged on this subject
          On the emotional issue, I understand but am sure you handled yourself well as evidenced in your response to me and I knew that you have handled worse in the over 20 years you were in thick of it.
          On IA vs Romadan co who needed whom, well of course both needed each other and I qualified that by adding demography. IA’s needs were temporal could be solved by selling out to CIA and you are correct on the logistics superiority of the Romandan group, but in the long run the Romandan group had no chance of building formidable army given their demographic issues, without the highlanders they had no future, they knew it, not for luck of guts and ingenuity they had lots of both but they lacked pure numbers and they gambled with IA and they lost. If the demography in Eritrea was in such away that the Kunama or Afar or Saho were even half of the highlanders PFDJ would have not lasted this long and IA know that the Christians are protecting him, it is that clear.
          On the tegadali in prison and his loved one, that is “kosher” as far as am concerned, it is the occupational hazard of public life and I am worried more of the wellbeing of the nation than hurting the feeling of the loved ones

    • Amanuel

      Happy independence day Mahmuday. First I would like you to know that I am not trying to defend the article. I believe the writer is more than capable to defend for it. However, I think he has a point regarding the first point you raised, I. e., burying EPLF ‘s militaristic culture. I sympathise with you that it was on May 24 that you let your self to be emotional and allowed your self to.mix up culture with history. In my opinion one of the main reasons we are in this situation is because of this EPLF’s militaristic culture which believes there is only one solution to problems and that is military solution. Look, the PFDJ regime went to war with all our neighbours because of this culture. I agree with you that for better or worse it will have a place in history, however for Eritrea to have a peace full coexistence with its region and the world this culture need to be buried with PFDJ.

      • Mahmud Saleh

        HI Amanuel
        Thank you Amanuel, likewise, happy independence day. Let semere wait for the future parliament’s motion. Until then we will let him sing his favorite “fesh abelkeni” song, in this case, fesh abelkeni wed Afom.
        On a serious note though, I don’t really like to see militarism. I hope you have seen from my comments that I’m against militaristic cultures, wars and the tendency of resorting to violence unless it’s absolutely in self defense. Taken isolated, I would be the first person to support that part. But it is part of a long misrepresented characterizations, including some of the incorrect assertions made in relation to the foundation of EPLF that I tried to correct. At the end, governments, and particularly governments which drive their legitimacy from their military history need strong institutions that leash them, otherwise, they will abuse powers . Therefore, the call should be for institutionalized governance, because even if you make EPLF/Pfdj stand down, you will have others who will try to exploit people’s patriotism. Also you see this inconsistency in the article: while the writer disdains EPLF militaristic culture, yet he calls for weeding out and dismantling the government. That’s a call for war. Well, guess what, it is that type of experience, the experience that necessitated to fight a foe much bigger than itself, that produced EPLF’s militaristic culture.
        So, I understand your point. The above has been my way of explaining why i objected it.

        • Amanuel

          Hi Mahmud
          A very delayed thanks. I must admit that for first time I listened to “fesh abelkeni” properly was when you posted a you tube clip few months ago and it has became my favour song since. Even my kids started to sing it around the house, thanks for bringing it to my attention.
          As per the militaristic culture I agree its introduction was necessary in order to defeat a stronger enemy and it has served it’s purpose. The question comes after independence whether it should have been dropped off or not. In my opinion it should have and again now is it an asset or a liability to the country? From what we have witnessed so far it is a liability and that is why it has to go.

  • said

    How Can We Eritrean Attain Conscious Awareness While Inuring Deprivation and Oppression !

    The captioned title of this article is not mistakenly intended to give instructions but rather it is an expression of denial, the mutual exclusivity of the concurrence of Eritrean’s persistent quest to attain Conscious Awareness as the ultimate state of one’s attainment of mature and objective judgment concurrently with despondence deprivations and the tyranny of oppression.

    The ideal universe, the ultimate, is it up to for us as part of human family crowding the tiny beautiful nation to neutralize the urges of our sensory perceptions and the dictates of the ego by thinking and acting motivated by a quest to attain perennial general social harmony that can only be realized by consciously and inherently subjugating their endowed sensory perceptions to advancing the general good as attuned to the higher purpose of the spirit. Attaining social and universal harmony in aligning the ego’s urges to the preservations and the interests of the wider universal reality: other fellow humans; Divinity’s other creatures; nature, the ecology and the environment as integral components to one’s ultimate spiritual liberation.

    “Deprivation and Oppression” two factors that forcefully deviates the normal and harmonious evolution of a human’s mind and soul to align harmoniously with the Spirit in fulfillment of the Spirit’s ultimate purpose and plan in the ephemeral passage of mortals in the tiny Planet Earth, in humans’ short existence.

    Thus, attaining Conscious Awareness in the Broadest Sense of mortals’ instinctive realization of the “Dos & Not Dos” as motivated by innate compulsions well attuned to our Mighty GOD EZGABEHER the Grander Designs and the Higher Purposes of the Spirit of our creation, and for those who believe in the Universal Intelligence, the Original Mind, is the natural conclusion for the attainment of social peace, social harmony and its wider extension of universal harmony.

    Freedom & Social Justice as prerequisites to liberate the human’s mind and soul to attaining Conscious Awareness are not abstractive luxuries left to the whims of NUS the mortals as rather the Sole perquisite to attaining social harmony; social peace, all engulfed in our Eritrean solidarity ,peace and harmony.

  • Peace!

    Dear Ismael, Welcome Back!

    It is unfortunate that there is a big mess in our country, and past mistakes are also keep dragging the search for solution into total darkness. However, what Sleh Johar said the other day was simply brilliant that the ELF and EPLF issue ended in 1991, and the people own the legacy. After reading that marvelous line it is a great disappointment to see our intellectuals stuck with an issue that is already sealed in history books.

    Obviously you are against REFORM, but unfortunately you fail to offer a realistic solution that serves the unity of Eritreans against PFDJ. I think it is good to take a note that there are reformers and their role in bringing change is INTEGRAL. The challenging question most Eritreans are facing is not whether PFDJ needs to be reformed, weeded out, dismantled, or eradicated; but it is how meaningful and sustainable change can be delivered without endangering the sovereignty of the nation.

    Thank you please come more often!
    regards

  • said

    Thank you
    Ismail Omar in remind us what it means to be ruled by absolute dictatorship?

    Independence May 24, 2015, a Day to remember and commemorates our people sacrificed in liberating Eritrea. ERA TV propaganda we are told that those who have died for us and our freedom and our Liberty. Our young men and woman died and did diefor the freedom. The LAND get liberated (ERITREA) but reality turn out unfortunately people have being oppressed no different than their former colonizer.

    With clear hidden agenda of NUS and prev only himself and for the profits of his and tiny cohorts, for NUS EPLF was just a kind racket. A racket is best described, as something that is not what it seems to the majority of EPLF fighter. Only NUS and his trusted selected ignorant small inside group knew what it is about (NEHAN ALAMANA). It is conducted for the benefit of the very few at the expense of Eritrean people and the masses.

    Then the Masses follows the Nus and the EPLF follow NUS Liberation flag. There isn’t a trick in the racketeering bag that the NUSinner gang is blind to. as you mentioned , It has its “finger out segment of society” to point out enemies, its “mafia men” to destroy perceived enemies, its “sell-out intelligent men” to plan dictatorship and oppression and preparations against our people, and they projected the “Capo del Capo NUS the Boss” by being Superhero – Nationalistic-selfless communistic student of MAO .

    The sad realty and Truthfulness compels us . At least for those who spent ten, twenty and thirty-three years as patriot and nationalistic in active service as a member of NUS organization most brutal liberation force,that include the top G 15 who served in all high ministerial ranks to Major-General and countless other . And during liberation period, Some they spent most of their time, being a high class inner cohorts – serving men, for NUS, In short,
    were they a racketeers, a bunch of blind gangster serving the interest for NUS? They were part and parcel of a racket at
    the time. to some degree or another they never had a thought of their own until too late for some. Their mental capacity and faculties remained in suspended animation and failed them , while they blindly,obeyed the orders of Capo Del Capo NUS the Boss and higher-ups. This is case very often and typical with everyone in EPLF that serviced with exception of
    few who are true hero .

    We need an independent day to remember, reflect and commemorate the victims of NUS regime. Many of us are his victims one way or another?

  • Fenomeno

    Dear all,

    Ow Eritrea did not turn into a full fledged democracy right after independence? So really a political party uses propaganda? I am a post ELF/EPLF Eritrean, but one can not dismiss EPLF for using propaganda. I am sure the ELF did make use of propaganda as well, if it did not, then it probably would been able to bring Eritrean independence. But I am pretty sure it did, so that is not the issue here.

    In the end, this EPLF/PFDJ propaganda was able to mobilize the Eritrean people and lead it to the independence that they were longing for. Maybe that is another reason that Eritreans (ex-EPLF supporters/veterans) find it sometimes hard to fully denounce the GOE? In addition, there has to be a sustainible alternative, only the thought of Eritrea becoming a second Somalia, Iraq or Libya is terrifying enough for most Eritreans to remain silent. Today these factors, in mine opinion, are more important in PFDJ gaining support (or not being denounced), than Isiaias his performance at meda.

    Unfortunately the earlier mentioned mobilizing capabilities have not been used for more positive things. Another example of how they are still able to mobilize the Eritrean people can be seen in the video below, as many Eritreans (in Israel!) are celebrating indepedence day together with government representatives.

    Off course, one can not deny that there are some coercive mechanisms at play as well. But it makes you think, is it just/fair for the Eritrean opposition (or other so-called justice seekers) to state that the Eritrean youth has been fleeing the country because of their government? When this same youth is barely denouncing the GOE. It is clear that this group might not be representative for all Eritrean youth that has left the country in recent years, but this trend has been signalled in many places.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fkq1mQtXa64

  • dawit

    Dear ALL

    The Truth from the horse’s mouth, in contrast to the hundreds of news outlets spreading lies for 48 hours a day! on Eritrea, its people and its leaders since 1950s. Eritrean Independence can not be reversed.
    AwatNHafash!.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=dm0h_ZgLlrM&list=PLSP-Elxc8M-X4iV2cA3Zy9BoWPzrDpRqq

    • haileTG

      Hey dawitom,

      The horsie was too tired and had no new tricks in the bag. I was expecting he would release prisoners or pass around the new constitution that he cooked up last year. Nada. A nation in the middle of the worst refugee crisis would definitely need more than a horse chasing an illusive destination. What he said is declaration of defeat. He has nothing to go on about anymore. All doors are closed, time isn’t on his side and the pressure will only get intense from here on. Don’t bet on this horse because if you want to make a small fortune with it, you will need to start with a large fortune. He is bust:-)

      • saay7

        Haile TG:

        Isaias Afwerki Speech Template:

        1. Adjective America verb Eritrea. (Adjective is sometimes a new coined word phrase that he hopes will catch on. Verb is really bad)
        2. Beginning this year, we will take on big projects we had set aside (awenzifnayom neberna.)
        3. Victory to the masses.

        If you do a word cloud of all his speech, you can’t tell one year from the other. In fact, the only thing which changes is his hairline:) This year, he didn’t even bother to wear a different suit or tie from last year so he is even recycling his clothes not just his speech. As Nitricc said once, the man is a spent force.

        saay

        • saay7

          Isaias 2014. Isaias 2015. Same speech, same suit, same tie: it’s Groundhog Day! 🙂

          • haileTG

            Thanks saay for digging that out. I was trying to check some theory about his speeches too. I don’t know but I may be catching his spentedness (don’t worry it ain’t a legit word;) because I put it off saying myself “what is the rush for anyway” 🙂 Anyhow, my theory is that every speech is made to include a headline grabber, i.e. like new constitution, Eritrea accuses Washington, ….. Come to think it again though, may be the speeches are more uniform, unlike the interviews that are unpredictable and too crass at times. Now, with your illustration, no point for me to chase my theory. I don’t know if this is just me but I kinda feel there is some underhanded hypnotic machination with all his weird ways.

            cheers

          • saay7

            Hailat:

            Here’s more gist for the mill: If you right click his image on shabait.com, it says 4/1. Somebody was having fun: April Fools! Uh oh, just kidding wedi Kassa. It’s just a coincidence. I don’t want some poor kid to get “tdle alekha” introduction to hell.

            saay

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Saay the forensic man,

            You have the tendency to study every bit of the narcissistic personality disorder of the man. Good observation my friend.

            Amanuel Hidrat

        • dawit

          Dear saay,
          As long as US thinking and policy freezes with John Foster Dulles’s thinking of 1950s ‘Our strategic interest, regardless of justice to Eritrean people’ Eritreans will think America, as their enemy. Only America’s policy makers can change that, when they accept the rule of law and justice without any precondition towards Eritrea.

          • saay7

            Dawitom:

            Since Eri-TV tells the truth 48 hours a day:) Do you believe Isaias Afwerki when he says the Eritrea-Yemen conflict was instigated by the United States? Can you walk me through that thinking: years of living in the U.S. has retarded my pure-Eritrean thinking.

            saay

          • dawit

            Dear saay,

            Why not? Is this not the game of politics and use of propaganda? Did Eritrea bombed AU HQ in Addis or sent 2000 armed Eritrean fighters to Somalia or armed Al Shaba in Somalia and Kenya for US to sponsor UN sanction against Eritrea? Have you doubted the lies against Eritrea, or you accepted it as fact and propagated it in your support the sanctions against Eritrea, even though Eritrea denied the charges? Yet UN passed sanction under closed session denying Eritrea to present its case to UNSC. Did US tried to reverse the EEBC finding against Eritrea? Reference Ambassador Bolton. Do you think US or Ethiopia has the monopoly of manufacturing lies about Eritrea? Every conspiracy is revealed through time, so this could be the new revelation and I have no reason to doubt the GOE.

        • Haile WM

          hello saay,

          not only his speech is a template, the whole charade is a template, for sake of curiosity i have seeing a big part of this year’s ceremony, after 13 years (last time i have seen it was in 2002) it didn’t change much, same old same.. though i must admit there was a new thing this year, the German filarmonica band playing Johann Strauss’s waltzer and i was thinking to my self bitsfrina terifus bitsfri Strauss 🙂

      • Pass the salt

        HaileTG and SAAY,
        There was one little new stuff. He started like ‘there is something I want to talk about’ then he mentioned corrupt officials. That part of the speech lasted a second or so. I don’t think many captured that.

        • haileTG

          …reply pending

        • saay7

          Selamat Pass The Salt:

          Actually, I DID miss it, no thanks to the unscripted applause which unnerved Isaias. I actually thought he was going after his favorite “thieves”: The poor Eritrean youth leaving the country by the thousands. But listening to it again, it appears he is going to go after another project “awenzifnayo zneberna”: government corruption. Well, since his hold on power is largely dependent on the acquiescence of corrupt military officers, since his abuse of power is the highest form of corruption, this is another “ashkaElal”: to clean house of any political opponent by using the all-purpose “corruption.” In Eritrea “anti-corruption” has the same power as “anti-terrorism” has in much of the world: disappear people without due process. When he does, the ever-faithful can say,” well, if they were innocent, they wouldn’t be arrested.” Sweet nHafash and pass the roasted barley.

          saay

      • dawit

        Selam Hailat,

        The good thing about this horsy, he does not change like chameleon to fit the time. He is consistent about his message since the early days of struggle. I think that is why the Eritrean people thrust him, love him and follow him. He was able to mobilize the Eritrean people to achieved political independence in 1991, sacrificing their blood and sweat. They also today they thrust him to lead them to economic independence, sacrificing sweat freely, building roads, dams etc. You need to watch ERiTV shows especially kids in kindergartens how PFDJ mobilize the future generation. What is amazing today is that the opposition accepted Eritrean Independence achieved in 1991, but still hate the leader or the methods he used to achieve that independence!
        ‘XX, fetiken, chihmin xeliken’?
        Regards!

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=gt1bBuiQ4vM

        • haileTG

          Haha dawitom,

          You see, the reason we want change is because we agree with you that he doesn’t change:) In fact, dictatorship is said to exists when the leader is against change. Change is good quality, it is necessary and must happen in relation to changing circumstances. Even the value of the dollar has changed greatly from the 70s, world order has changed, technology has changed, cultures changed, our status as a nation changed, pretty much everything has changed. So, what is wrong with this horse that he doesn’t want to change, even his suit and tie? People don’t like change but need change. There are a whole group of Eritreans called change seekers, with a slogan We Need Change! And We Want It Now! 🙂 What is strange is when some people think that the fact he stayed this long or the fact he didn’t change is his strength. No no…that is the weakness. Imagine a party in your adopted country running on a ticket “No Change! Not now, Not Ever!” How popular would it get? The reality is however change can’t be stalled for too long. Sooner or later it would happen, i.e. whatever you look at, will change. The trick is to own the change and guide it for your well being rather that fighting it at the risk of your well being.

          Regards

          • dawit

            No Dear, Hailat,
            He is not against change, he is fighting for principled change, there was no nation called Eritrea in 1970s. Today we have a nation celebrating its 24th as an independent nation. He is still fighting for a change to make Eritrea, to be economically independent nation. The Eritrean people don’t think a positive change will come with the opposition. They see the tricky changes that lead around the world, Africa and Asia immersed in civil wars. Thanks to ERiTV, they are aware what is going around the world. The Eritrean mass does not trust and respect the opposition who ridicule their celebration as ‘Kebero Junkies’, they respect and love for their country and leaders, as ‘devil worshipers’, they don’t like people who wish them to be under Ethiopian rule, they don’t like oppositions who campaign to impose military and economic sanctions on their country. The opposition, before they think of changing Eritrean society, they have to change themselves to level of thinking of the Eritrean mass. The more they discredit their history, the Eritrean people will identify with their leaders regardless what outsiders think of them. That is why they say “Isu nihna and Nihina Nsu”! The trick is to find for positive change acceptable to the people. Then the change have to be sold to the people. Before that, the opposition have to produce a document equivalent to ‘Nihnan Ilamanan’, sell it and convince them, organize them to follow. In short they need to learn from EPLF method, if they cant do that they need to abandon their project and identify themselves with the PFDJ or leave the people alone to deal with their leaders. Right now the opposition input is negative confusing the young to abandon their country and subject them to untold tragedy in Sinai and Sahara deserts and Mediterranean Sea.
            Regards,

          • haileTG

            hey dawitom,

            I think “the people” is what confusing us both. Aren’t those opposing the unelected and unaccountable dictator part of the people? We heard Qaddafi and his “my beoble” giving way to total chaos. How can IA fare better when the time comes? It is the people who are organizing to defeat IA and his pupils. If the opposition are convincing youth to leave the country, then why do you say they are not listened to? It means the opposition have large following inside the country, to the point of being able to mislead the young to flood out of the country. The same argument of their influence implies that the people aren’t as smart as you make them out to be, to be lead to death like that. You see dawit, when reason is no longer on one’s side, fallacy becomes their new friend. IA and his regime have no reason to continue doing what they are doing.

            When the death of countless compatriots fails to get a single recognition in his nonsensical diatribe, all it means is that those clapping for it operate with a lower self worth. No economic benefit can make up your loss of brothers and sisters. Even when it is nothing more than only a mere mention of it at that! The “people” are wide awake now, I believe they feel cornered with little choice, however, if there is a will, there is a way and IA will get too expensive for them very soon. Think about it dawit, how much young blood will they be prepared to keep an expired dictator talking to the mirror?? Change will come, it is around the corner:) Regards

          • Saleh Johar

            HaileTG and Saay,

            Are you doubting the U.S. ignited the Yemen-Eritrea war? They are the cause for all our ills as Dawit, I mean the great brother leader, said.

          • dawit

            Dear Hailat,
            I hope you are not dreaming the fate of Eritrea to be like that of Libya, after Qaddafi. You know what happened in Libya, the people fought to the last bullet, but the sellout opposition had the help of the mercenary army, the whole European and Arab League Air power and financial resources against the Libyan people resistance. They murdered Qaddafi and we know where the Libyan ‘beoble’ are. Yes change will come to Eritrea, but not by opposition group but through IA and PFDJ. As to the influence of the opposition inside Eritrea is minimal. It is limited to the youth group who might have access to rob call being deliver every Fridays deceiving them a heaven outside Eritrea. Most of their victims are the youth who are academically weak, unable to join the Eritrean colleges. The smart ones are joining colleges receive free education graduate as Medical doctors, Engineers, Scientist etc. to build the country completing their national services. Believe me the “Eritrean Friday Liberation Front (EFLF) in Eritrea, will not achieve the critical mass to force YPFDJ inside or outside the country. First it is not supported or financed by the Eritrean people, it is hatched and financed by foreign entities whose aims are to depopulate Eritrean youth, and they are victims of snake oil merchants.
            Regards

          • haileTG

            Dear dawita,

            How can I hope for Eritrea to be like Libya? But more pointedly, how can I hope for Eritrea NOT to be like Libya when those in power and supporting them are speaking and walking in exactly the same way as Qaddafi did? Noting is granted by wish alone, and nothing is avoided likewise. IA is at his wits end and clear replacement isn’t in sight (follow our up coming debate with Mahmuday for more on that). If you think IA will get off scot-free after what he’s put the nation through, well that optimism gone wild. The final balance isn’t going to be settled up with him on the dictate of his and his supporters wish list. It will be implemented despite and against his will. That will come to pass. Unless of course, you believe he is of a unique type that has never been seen in human history, he is much closer to final implosion than many think. The reason Libya fell to what it is today is because its people were lulled into false sense of normalcy and were still dancing flag draped. They sealed Libya’s fate then, not now. If they opened their eyes at the right time, they could have seen what was coming to hit them…ግን እንታይ ይገበር፡ ውልዕ ውልዕ ኮይኑ ድዩ ዝበለ ደራፋይ I really have a doubt to believe this brother in the video is “less smart”, check for yourself. Regards

            https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4QqUy6ZZYJI

    • Dayphi

      Dear awate team.
      just a day ago, you reminded us again this free site is not to be used for HGDEF propagandistas. Do you really mean it this time, and the way dawit is using it, is it within acceptable boundaries? not pointing finger at him. i just need to know the way he is sabbHing beHamdi esayas is accepted and kosher. Thanks.

      • dawit

        Dear Dayphi,

        Even though your complaint is directed to Awate team but at the wrong place, let me respond to the charges you labeled against me. If you think what I posted is wrong or lie, you should challenge it with your fact, rather than trying to muzzle my thought. I may be a minority at AT,,but believe it or not my thoughts represent the majority of Eritreans to use Aman’s terminology the ‘Kebro Junkies’ . I am supporter of PFDJ policies but not “HGDEF propagandist”.
        Cheers!

        dawit

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Hey dawit,

          That is not my terminology. You brought it yourself to rebut my comment. I used them from you but I put them between inverted come to show the words aren’t mine. Just to correct you “Koboro junkie” are not my words and nor are my terminology.

          • dawit

            Dear Aman;
            I am not saying you are lying but I guess you are getting old, you seem to forget what you wrote few weeks ago. This is your terminology and if you do not remember it, no problem, we can move on.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam dawit,
            Unfortunately since you are repeating after I told you that they are not words coined by me, I can tell you now that you are lying. Actually the words are coined by Haile-Tg. It is like attributing some ones work to me. Don’t do that it is bad practice. I am not old enough to forget my work.

            Amanuel. Hidrat

          • dawit

            Selam Aman,

            I am 100% sure I read it from one of your writings not long ago. You may have used the word coined by HTG, without crediting the source.. If you deny it don’t worry about it forget it.

          • haileTG

            Merhaba Aman and dawit,

            Let me clear the confusion here. Saay instigated a war on Koboro Jankies that was peacefully under my administration:) So, saay started the war on koboro jankies, who it belongs shouldn’t really matter 🙂

            Thanks (I am behind peace keepers line now saay, don’t shoot:)

          • Saleh Johar

            HaileTG,
            If anyone is dropping the Koboro Junkies appelation, I humbly accept ownership 🙂

          • haileTG

            Hi SGJ,

            Why do Koboro junkies like to jump during YPFJ guwayla?…because they want to get high 🙂

          • saay7

            Ha! Hailat:

            You are responsible for two phrases that you threw back-to-back then koblilka: “silent majority” and “koboro junkies.” The first one, in its original application, meant exactly what it sounds: the majority of Eritreans who are not vocal in their support for the gov or the oppo. It was a value-neutral phrase. Over time, they were abused and I think lately they are being rehabilitated.

            The “koboro junkies”, in its original application was used to describe the vocal female supporters of PFDJ who are ubiquitous at PFDJ festivals. Since you are behind blue helmets I won’t say more other than this: you know that back home the Qebele warlords (always male) order them to spend a lot of their money from their meager resources to appear the right way–hairdresser, dress, bracelets, earrings because “aytehfrana”, orders, incidentally never imposed on the men who can dress however they want. Back in the Revolution this used to be called drrb chikona, but because they are the most visible, the loudest face of PFDJ, they get the brunt of the abuse from our justice camp.

            Anyway, it appears that our campaign to shame people is proceeding as planned; our campaign to win converts, not so much. Strangely, people just don’t gravitate to people who insult them 🙂

            saay

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Say7,

            ” drrb chikona” I think still in use as ድርብ ወጽዓ :

          • haileTG

            Merhaba saay,

            Let me talk to you here, till wed Saleh calms down:) He is having tough time an feeling indignant, rightly so, to read seventies and eighties Junkie-ism interspersed with current problems.

            Dear saay, “Starbucks Political Jankie” is the image of the Eritrean diaspora man’s role in his home politics. Eritrean diaspora women don’t meet in coffee houses to discuss politics. May be some do, but not most. Starbucks Political Jankies corner is dominated by men. The regime invokes the image of the Starbucks Political Jankie to claim that its opponent is impotent and the image of the koboro junkie (dominated by women) to show that its supported no matter the amount of crimes it committed against humanity (mostly the youth driven out or its old comrades). I hope this balances the sheet:)

            The next thing is the silent majority; when our problems was predominantly political, the silence meant just that, i.e not taking sides. If you read my exchange with dawit, I believe that change can’t be stalled, it happens one way or another. Today, Eritrean problem is a moral problem, and silence is immoral. Today, things hold in the balance and silence or not will play a role in how the current crisis would end up. To be silent the face of political rivalry may be considered cautious, but to do so in the face of moral dilemma, is very much a political stand.

            Finally, about cleaning the opposition “spoilers” (note the inverted comma, it is not my terminology, … it is a Jendaye cross SEMG terminology, that is why I always use inverted comma (i.e. unless my grammar deserted me):-) Is that cleaning against ALL types of spoilers or SPECIAL types of spoilers. Most importantly, what sort of “spoiling” is the “silent majority” alerted against the most? Are going to be even handed or the bazooka’s will be firing southwards? 🙂

            Cheers

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Ahlan Haile TG
            “ኣብ ዝጥዕመና ግዜን ኩነታትን” ክንቅጽሎ ኢና። ዘይተጸበኽዎ ግንባር እንድዩ ተኸፊቱኒ።ha..ha…What can I do Haylat, every now and then I find myself pulled to a time I want to bury for good except in occasions of “Starbucks-junkeying”. By the way, Teweldino did a good job at giving our discussion a relevant context. I wish if you could link up with him until wedi-Saleh regains his composure. Cheers.

          • selam

            Dear saay
            You have described the current state of affairs in the PFDJ and Opp camp when it comes to wamen , perfectly and nicely. But thanks for your observation sir, I will tell you this also, you men may bdecided things and destroy things butwhen I comes to real change it is we the female make or break . So as you put it perperfectly , I will add this , unless the opposition stop insult us , they will suffer at the hand of their own hand. We are part of the society and we absolutely have a role to play. Women has the ablity to make man do what they want him to do. We again are a force to be respected. No women no support for the opposition.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Selam,

            no nation in the world has kept the dignity of women equal to men like PFDJ. we are equally suffering.Lol. መሰል ደቂ ኣንስት ዮ ማዕረ ደቂ ተባዕትዮ ዘረጋገጸት እንኮ ሃገር – ሃገርና ጥራይ እያ :: እቲ ምንታይ ሲ ማዕረ ንስደት : ማዕረ ንሳቐ ህዝቢ ስለዝኾና ::

            hear this wonderful women.

            http://asmarino.com/articles/articles-video/4309-eritrea-voice-of-delina-march-03-2015-03-2015

        • Hayat Adem

          Hi dawit,
          and how exactly is better or different a PFDJ policy supporter from HGDEF propagandist, in any different way than monkey is different from charley?

          • dawit

            Hi Hayat,
            and if you look at a mirror you will see the Woyane propagandist, an agent paid to fabricate and lie. Yes, you will not see much difference with the monkey in the mirror.

          • Hayat Adem

            small d dawit,
            why don’t you show the difference between dawit as a pfdj policy supporter and and dawit as a pfdj propagandist? That was what you claimed of yourself. Or don’t make a claim if you can’t. I don’t make a claim that I don’t stand by it and readily explain it. When asked explain that. If you have a question for me, you can ask it. That is how conversations are advanced. Your problem is you claim something for yourself and when asked you make other claims on behalf of others.

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear all,

    No more valid tricks ኦሮማይ ንኻለኦት ምኽሳስ ኣብ ጠርዙ በጺሑ !! ካን ኣፍሊጡ:

    http://eastafro.com/2015/05/24/video-president-isaias-afwerki-speech-eritrea-independence-day-2015/

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Hello Ismailo,

    An impeccable piece as usual. Unfortunately, our people give up to fight the evil man and his organization as you aptly put it. It is irony to see fellow Eritreans to even demand reforms from such brutal regime. We shall see how those who advocate for reform will react to your factual argument. Good reading brother and show up often please.

    regards,
    Amanuel Hidrat

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear Ismail, it was last year exactly on this day I read your article, to make sure I went back and check and yest it was. maximum less than 24hrs http://awate.com/eritrean-conditions-reflections-on-independence-day/

    for me your articles are simple and understandable. most of writers fail in writing simple and easy to understand articles and this part makes you unique. thank you Ismail. “ውድቀት ውልቀ ምልክን ምትካእ ዲሞክራሲን” ” መስረሕ ጉዕዞ ዲሞክራሲ ” ዝጸሓፈ ኣእምሮ ::

    and now !
    ካብ መስተብሃሊ ኣእምሮ ዝመንጨወ ቀላዒ ዓንቀጽ :: ንጸገንቲ ካብ ሃውተታ ዘድሕን ዳገመ ርኢቶ ክገብሩን ክበራበሩን — ነቶም ንፍጹም ፍትሓዊ ለውጢ ዝነቀሉ ዘትርርን – ነቶም ደቂ ገርሂ ልባ ገና ጥፍኣት ሃገረ ኤርትራ ኣብ ትሕቲ ህግደፍ ከስተብህሉ ዘይከኣሉን ዓይኒ ዝኸፍት—- ንባዕሉ ህግደፍ ‘ውን ነታ ነቅነቅ ኢላ ዘላ ንያቱ ዝፈታትንን ውድቀቱ ዘተንብህን ግሩም ጽሑፍ :: ተዓወት!! ተዓወት!! እስማዒል :: ሸጣራታትን ሜላታትን ገባቲ ስርዓት ደጊም ቦታ የብሉን::

    • Ismail

      Selamat Kokhob…

      I am always happy to read your comments which are always kind but I was particularly delighted that you found it clear and simple. I hope others feel the same. I wrote it in a hurry for independence day and did not even do a spell check. …with appreciation Ismail (point blank)

      • dawit

        Selamat Ismail,
        I think the spell check of your article is ok, the problem is with the accuracy of your ‘bela below’ stories. Obviously you have not read the ‘Nhinan Ilamanan’ document, the classic document that mobilized Eritreans, Christians and Moslems to stand as one people to liberate their country. EPLF did not attract only Christians but also Moslems from all walks of Eritrean nationalities.
        Regards

        • Kokhob Selam

          dear Dawit,

          ‘bela below’?

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Kokhobay,

      Your command of tigrigna language is really impressive. Not only the wording, I love the way you construct your sentences. Yebel zihawey.

      regards,

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