Home / Negarit / Negarit 82: ሓሰኻ ደምበ – Dung Worm – دودة الروث

Negarit 82: ሓሰኻ ደምበ – Dung Worm – دودة الروث

Anjal nAnjal
Kulu yeddeli Gwaul (ዓንጃል ንዓንጃል ኩሉ ደላይ ጓል) 

Haw alleni ab seUdia Arab
Areb zeyyzaaareb (ሓው ኣለኒ ኣብ ስዑዲ ዓረብ ዓረብ ዘይዛረብ) 

“The hottest place in Hell is reserved for those who remain neutral in times of great moral conflict.” Martin Luther King, Jr

The Eritrean folk singer Wedi Gebru sung, ተኾርሚኻ ሞትየ ኣሳፊሕካ ሞትየ ነዓናይ ንመዳ ንሓደ ዓመትየ (Whether you live a Timid or bold life, death is inevitable, let’s join the struggle for a year)

Today I will spill my heart out and realize my target is the fringe group wreaking havoc among us, particularly their cubs in the diaspora. Whatever I express is representative of the thoughts and frustrations of all patriotic Eritreans who care for their people and shun the dirty agitations that we have been subjected to in the last few years. That has to come to an end.

Granted that a chunk of you who know me can attest that I am an opinionated person, note that I’m careful not to irritate others intentionally. But I stayed the course while observing the dirty politics of a fringe of our society were left seriously unchallenged for too long. And honestly, the abuse of innocent people by targeting their identities has reached unprecedented levels. Yet, I have been overly patient and limited my discourse, and the tomes I wrote, by staying focused on national issues. Nothing less than Eritrea interests me. But now it has become too aggressive and damaging to be brushed off, to be ignored indefinitely.

The Amhara have a saying, ቆማጣ ቆማጣ ባይሉት ገብቸ ልፈተፍት ይላል.” If a leper is not told he is one, he will want to go into the kitchen to handle the food. The stigma against qomaTa (Leper) is inhuman in all parts of the world. But let’s leave that aside for now and focus on the political lepers who have crossed all the lines of decency. They were emboldened because their victims didn’t react to the abuse. A foolish underestimation because when heated enough, even milk foams and erupts violently. Similarly, Eritreans have had enough of the racists and extremists who will soon be put in their proper place. The Agazian, the Ethiophiles, the Tigray-Tgringni lots, and anyone in between, has to clear the field and run away with their tails tucked between their legs, like scared dogs. And they can be divided into three sub-groups.

  1. The empty heads (ጓንጓ) who suck in everything they hear; the willing weakling tools want to address complicated issues far bigger than what their small minds can handle.
  2. The Pseudo-intellectuals who sprinkle their talks with scholarly and scientific sounding terminologies. They bastardize history, cherry pick narrations and knowledge to serve their racist and bigoted messages of agitation to attract and recruit the empty heads.
  3. The hired guns who are always ready to serve anyone who pays them. They known for their need to satiate their hunger by orbiting around the power center and have no qualms in spreading destructive messages, by disinforming and misinforming the gullible. They are behind every lethal social strife.

The characteristics of the three are similar. They think their victims are powerless, they are arrogant and cannot weigh things properly or assess a situation objectively. Having a strong nostalgia for the dark ages, they never embrace modernity or progressive idea, always romanticizing aggression. They are the cause of all the lawlessness and bloodshed throughout the history of Abyssinia. They are so proud of it though they own nothing to show in terms of human achievements, like architecture, arts, literature. They reciprocate the underachievement by empty rhetoric, bravado, and aggression They think their loudmouth scares off their targeted victims. And this has been going on since the first self-styled “elect of god” kings ruled Abyssinia. It has always been about them, about their legends and mythologies, about their primitive depressing outlook about the future– freezing the region in the dark ages forever. Their favorite pastime, spying, serving the unjust regimes, and igniting civil strife and bloodshed. They proud of their history which is a long trail of cruelty and crimes.

Their siege mentality is well known; they show it by twisting history and crying wolf. They victimized whoever they consider “the other” by claiming to represent the proud Christian Eritreans. When in fact they are twins of the Muslim extremists, the likes of Daesh, Isis, the ultra-conservative lots who voluntarily chained themselves in antiquities. They are afraid of modernity and they prefer to live in their comfort zones, the age of cave dwelling.

In recent years, they are getting organized with the sole goal of destroying everyone who doesn’t submit to their sick plans, or subscribe to it. And the only means of achieving that is by dividing Eritreans along sectarian, regional and other fault lines. Naturally, Eritrean victims are patiently resisting the fierce attacks because they do not want to wrestle pigs in their den, which entails rolling in a stincky mud.

Sadly, the foolish crowd mistook patience for fear. That had  to be stopped and it will.

In a nation where illiteracy is low and exposure to other cultures is even lower, the issue of unity becomes delicate. The dishonest and racist wrap themselves in a group identity to give the impression that it is bigger than its actual size. They try to present their dark age outlook a collective aura to intimidate others. They use the plural WE as if they represent a region or a sect.

However, Eritreans, be they Christians or Muslims, be they highlanders or lowlanders or costal dwellers have reached a level of consciousness that will not allow a fringe group to play them against each other. The agitators identify the lowest Eritrean denominator to attack them piecemeal. But unfortunate for them, they will have to face the entire Eritrean population as one roaring body. That ugly mechanization and agitation will not be tolerated anymore.

As for myself, I my target in specific in this exercise: those who are insulting and ill devising schemes for the Eritrea that we suffered too much for. From today on, I will liberate myself from unnecessary restrains and be blunt to face the ugly growth within the peripheries of the Eritrean society. Today I am declaring war on the remnants of Haile Selassie, the Derg and anyone who resembles them.

I am grateful that the lone voice in the wilderness is no more. We are not dispersed lone voices trying to preach reason to the deaf brutes who do not understand patience, rationality, logic, and peaceful debate and coexistence. The genuine Eritrean voices are now loud, and their messages is reverberating with piercing echoes.

Our struggle will not be the playground of the hereditary spies and traitors. For now, I will start with their Kahuna, the faker of history, the one who drops the whole despicable history of slavery to an Eritrean group and tries to hold them responsible! And humanity knows that slavery is as old as history, as old as the first bible and first civilization, as old as the first empire ever built on earth. It is also as young as the Solomonic kings, the Arab Empires, the Mineliks and others. The Kahuna conveniently forgets that Ethiopia abolished slavery only in 1935 (thanks to the British pressure and threat). But that does matter as long as the Kahuna has a specific constituency to appease and mislead.

I am talking about the M’amir who twists history and facts whimsically and helplessly to present his bigoted beliefs as a scientific finding. Whe he doesn’t know that the king of Egypt, Mohammed Ali, is an Albanian not an Arab (his code word for Muslims), he is an empty shell.  And if need be, I will give him enough lessons on his political agitation that he presents as a scholarly work because it has more holes than a sifter; it can easily be shredded apart. Linguistics cannot be used as a smoke screen to spread his bigotry and hate speech. I have more to say on this, but not today.

Eritrea is rising and the resolution of our long-awaited problems are not too far. We have remained true to our cause all the time and I am confident the dirty mouthed agitators will be defeated once and for all. They will not put a dent on our social cohesion and loyalty to our nation. It will be over, very soon. Our yearning for justice is as old as Eritrea. Justice will reign supreme in our country and a little more time will not be difficult to handle. Until then, there are important issues we need to tend to. And remember, you do not enter a house with your muddied shoes; you leave them on the doormat. We must clean our shoes from the dirt (ግዕዘይ) before we enter a liberated Eritrea. Morning will break and the nightmare will be over.

About Saleh "Gadi" Johar

Born and raised in Keren, Eritrea, now a US citizen residing in California, Mr. Saleh “Gadi” Johar is founder and publisher of awate.com. Author of Miriam was Here, Of Kings and Bandits, and Simply Echoes. Saleh is acclaimed for his wealth of experience and knowledge in the history and politics of the Horn of Africa. A prominent public speaker and a researcher specializing on the Horn of Africa, he has given many distinguished lectures and participated in numerous seminars and conferences around the world. Activism Awate.com was founded by Saleh “Gadi” Johar and is administered by the Awate Team and a group of volunteers who serve as the website’s advisory committee. The mission of awate.com is to provide Eritreans and friends of Eritrea with information that is hidden by the Eritrean regime and its surrogates; to provide a platform for information dissemination and opinion sharing; to inspire Eritreans, to embolden them into taking action, and finally, to lay the groundwork for reconciliation whose pillars are the truth. Miriam Was Here This book that was launched on August 16, 2013, is based on true stories; in writing it, Saleh has interviewed dozens of victims and eye-witnesses of Human trafficking, Eritrea, human rights, forced labor.and researched hundreds of pages of materials. The novel describes the ordeal of a nation, its youth, women and parents. It focuses on violation of human rights of the citizens and a country whose youth have become victims of slave labor, human trafficking, hostage taking, and human organ harvesting--all a result of bad governance. The main character of the story is Miriam, a young Eritrean woman; her father Zerom Bahta Hadgembes, a veteran of the struggle who resides in America and her childhood friend Senay who wanted to marry her but ended up being conscripted. Kings and Bandits Saleh “Gadi” Johar tells a powerful story that is never told: that many "child warriors" to whom we are asked to offer sympathies befitting helpless victims and hostages are actually premature adults who have made a conscious decision to stand up against brutality and oppression, and actually deserve our admiration. And that many of those whom we instinctively feel sympathetic towards, like the Ethiopian king Emperor Haile Sellassie, were actually world-class tyrants whose transgressions would normally be cases in the World Court. Simply Echoes A collection of romantic, political observations and travel poems; a reflection of the euphoric years that followed Eritrean Independence in 1991.

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  • Haile S.

    ሰላም ሰብ ዓወተ

    ትብጻሕ መልእኽቲ ናብ ብኤርትራ ትጠራጠር ንዘለኻ
    ኣብ ዝለምለመካ ክትህርስ ትኹዕት ከም ደምበ ሓሰኻ

    ታሪኽ ኣይኮነን ጥራይ ናትካ
    ትጭድር ዘለኻ ኣግዓዚኣን እናበልካ
    ትብትን ዘለኻ ፈላላዪ ግዕዘ ፖሊቲካ
    መሰረት ሃገር ኣብ መልሓስ ኣደሪኽካ
    መልሓስን ሃገርን ኣጣቢኻ ኣላጊብካ
    ከመይ ከምዝተሰረተት ሃገርካ ረሲዕካ

    ብኣግዓዚኣን ኣይተሰረተትን ኤርተራ
    ኩነታት ደሪኽዎ ብጣልያን እያ ተሓጺራ
    ብኤሮጳውያን ከምኩለን ጎረባብቲ ሃገራ

    ኣግዓዚን ግዓዚን ጥራይ ኣይኮኑን ናታ ክብራ
    እንታይ ድኣ? ኩሉ ተቐማጣይ ኣማናይ ኣብ ሓጹራ

    ብተቐመጥታ እዩ ዝሕሎ ዝኽበር ሓድነታ
    ክኸውን ኣይክእልን ብመልሓስ ጎረባብታ
    ክዝንግዑ ኣይግብኦምን ኩሎም ዜጋታታ
    በቶም ዝግዕሩ! ግዝኣት ጥልያን ዘይትወቕሱታ!
    ዘሊልና እንዓልብ ስለ ዝመስሎም ኣብ ናቶም ሕቅፎታ

    ግዝኣት ጥልያን ንጸልኦ ንወቕሶ ንኹንኖ
    ምስቲ ቅድሚ ጥልያን ንህዝብና ፈሰስ እናበለ ዝጸዓኖ
    ብሴፍን ብጠመንጃን ብውግእን ንሽግር ዝኾነኖ
    ተወከልቱ ገዛእቲ እናልኣኸ ርእሰ-ምምሕዳሩ ዘስኣኖ

    ሕጂ እዞም ኣሕዋትና ብኤርትራ እትጠራጠሩ
    እንሆ ናይ 3000 ዓመት ትብልዎ ታሪኽ ትፍሕትሩ
    ባህልናን ቋንቋናን ሓደ ምንባሩ ብዘየዳግም ከተመስክሩ
    ስምዑ! ጭዃረኹም ኣይትወድኡ ክትኩዕቱ ክትጽሕትሩ
    ሕጆ’ውን ሓደ-ባህሉ ህዝቢ መሊኡና! ንዑ’ባ ተበራበሩ!
    መልእኽቲ ንኣኹም ብሓጺሩ
    ሃለዋት ኩልና ኣብ እትሕሉ ኤርትራ እምነትኩም ኣሕድሩ
    ኣብዚ ኣሲሩ ሒዝዋ ዘሎ መለኺ ገዛኢኣ ጥራይ ኣተኩሩ

  • Abi

    Selam Ato Saleh
    Who is this Kahuna and what did he say that made you this angry? I see the gloves are off!
    This is the second time I see you really angry . The first was when you responded to the Agazians about three years ago.
    Any link is appropriated.

    • Saleh Johar

      Ras Abi,
      Not everyone is like you–many do not recognize my right to take the gloves off, at least once every year 🙂
      The Kahuna is a bigot who is openly engaged in hate speech against Muslims, and particularly against a certain group which he claims is responsible for human slavery since inception. Never though a small Habesha group was responsible for such a horrendous crime–apparently I am responsible by extension. Maybe I enslaved the Moses’ people, maybe I was the Pharaoh! You could also be guilty.

      The chap feeds on Abyssinian mythology that he presents as a proof and inspiration–a bigoted, superstitious twin of Daesh, the ISIS, the criminal outgrowth of Islam. There, it’s because of such faulty production, that slipped detection at the quality control conveyor belt, that I blame our collective culture 🙂

      • Abi

        Ato Saleh
        Keep your gloves off!!
        If you insist to keep your gloves on, make sure they are made of steel.
        I don’t pretend to lecture you on this matter. My principle is punch back right away if you sense anything remotely bigoted thrown at any group of people. Sometimes you need to learn a thing or two from Ras Abi 🙂
        You carry a higher responsibility as an activist with a formidable website that is followed by many. እኔ እንኳ እንደ አቅምቲ እፍጨረጨራለሁ:)
        አንዳንዱ ጅል ትዕግስት ፍራቻ ይመስለዋል::
        “ዝምታ ወርቅ ነው ሆድ ይፍጀው
        ነገርን መቻል ነው”
        ምናምን ለዘፈን ብቻ ነው የሚሰራው:: ቀጥኜ ቢያዩኝ ጅማት ለመኑኝ” ሆነ ነገሩ::

        BTW, Atse Minilk is the one who officially declared slavery illegal in Ethiopia. HaileSelassie used it to join the League of Nations. ዝም ብሎ ማለፍ አይሆንልኝም:: ክፉ አመል አለብኝ:)

        • Saleh Johar

          Ras Abi,
          Thank you for the tips on the glove. That’s how it should be.

          On whether Minnelli or Haile is the benevolent enslaver I have to cite my source, poor degiat zewde and others are somewhere in the storage. Give me some time.

          • Abi

            Ato Saleh
            “ tip on the glove” sounds funny.
            Anyway, you got a bigger bigot on the barbecue grill. You spend your time , energy and fire on the this one. Minilik and Haileselassie can stay on the back burner.

        • Brhan

          ኣቶ ኣብይ
          ለመሆኑ ኢትዮጲያ ከነዚህ መሳይ ቫይረሶች ነጻ ነች? “ጽልኣታዊ ዘረባ” ኣለ ወይ ካለስ ሞጎዱ ጠንካር ነው ወይስ ዝቅተኛ? ያ ው ለመማርና ተሞክሮ ለመቀስም ያህል

          • Abi

            Hello Brhan
            ጽልኣታዊ ዘረባ ምንድነው?

          • Brhan

            Sorry Abi, it means Hate Speech

          • Abi

            ጵልኣታዊ ዘረባ ጥራይልካ!
            ሞገዱማ ህዝቡን እያጫረሰው ነው:: ይህ ሁሉ ሕዝብ ለዘመናት ከኖረበት አካባቢ የተፈናቀለው በምን ምክንያት መሰለህ? በፍቅር ዘረባ መሰለህ እንዴ?
            በጵልኣታዊ ዘረባ እኮ ነው::
            ዘረባማ ሞልቷል ባኒ የለም እንጂ

          • Brhan

            Thanks Abi.
            In that case I can say Eritreans are better when it comes with social media hate speech. But Abi I do not think that the social media is the only cause for displacement that you mentioned. Do not you think the regional governments have a role on it.
            In Eritrea we have vocal hate speakers with no effect on the ground
            but in Ethiopia with less hate speakers in social media + other factors the disaster seems huge

          • Abi

            I’m afraid you are comparing apples with oranges here. Imagine what would happen if those Eritrean Kahunas get a free media in Eritrea? Imagine Tesfatsion , the Agazian King, has access to preach his zibazinke all over Eritrea? If these hate speech specialists get a chance to practice on the grounds of Eritrea, they can cause havoc in the society. The Agazian Zombies sponsored by their handlers would create unimaginable chaos if they got any chance to practice their hatred on the ground.
            Sometimes I wonder what will happen to Eritrea if Isu suddenly becomes incapacitated? God forbid.

          • Brhan

            FYI :The Kahunas asked to appear in Erisat but they were rejected.
            Isu will die ( he won’t live for ever, the same went for King H. Silase). So the issue is not about Isu but about PF(JD), the system that has to go like that of Derg of Ethiopia.
            The poor Kahunas in London, UK are telling their zibazinke in Tigrinya in London, UK. Tigrinya is not the only language of Eritrea. So , if they are wise , they would have known that they are missing the other half. They are foolish not to use English, let alone Tigre or Arabic. ሰሚ በማያውቀው ቋንቋ ብትሳደብ ደደብ ኣትብላም እንዴ
            በል ንግግር ኣብዛሁሉህ መሰለኝ…በል ሰላም ሁን

          • Abi

            Hello Brhan
            I understand Tigrinya is NOT the only language in Eritrea. I also understand the focus group of these Kahunas is ONLY the Tigrinya speaking Christian highlanders.
            Am I missing something here?

          • Brhan

            Hello Abi,
            Answer: because the Kahunas are assuming the other half understands Tigrinya, thus making their talk in it only!

          • Saleh Johar

            I don’t think in what language language hate is propagated makes a difference. Then, the ignorant lots do not even know there are other languages or people. They think it’s only them in this world, just like any fascist. And if they know, it’s not important. I believe the issue doesn’t need trivialization. It’s so simple: hate in any language has one purpose, to eradicate the other.

          • Brhan

            Hi Saleh,
            I am trying to take different kinds of approaches to make the ignorants shut their mouth. Here I am speaking about their trick not talk for example in English. Because they know hate speech crime law will make them accountable , let us say in England. This in one way and in another way, I wanted to say how stupid they are to speak about Eritrea with no knowledge of Eritrea and Eritreans, including of course its languages.

          • Saleh Johar

            If you think language will be a barrier to legal avenue, you are wrong. All courts accept translations from licensed persons and everything they said can be translated to any language. But who has translated it so far? I do not know. So, please let the issue rest, it’s distraction and irrelevant.

          • Nitricc

            FYI :The Kahunas asked to appear in Erisat but they were rejected

            Hi Brhan; shame on you now you are you going to make you follow Erisat, Okay, at least they have enough sense to reject this looser.
            Brhan I have any other interest, but the attack is real. let’s forget about PIA, we have greater danger. We have to fight stand together The main agenda of theirs is to spilt Eritrean unity through region and religion; please lets have some common sense and join hands to fight and burry this looser. TPLF is not going to win in destroying Eritrea with in, I am welling to fight, are you?

          • Brhan

            Hi Nitricc,
            I can agree with you some of the Kahnuas are assisted by TPLF.
            If I fight them, do not you think I am fighting TPLF in this context.
            And shame on you to say do not follow Erisat! People are free to choose the media they want. Aren’t you following Awate.com and did anyone asked you not follow it.

          • Nitricc

            Hey Brhan; I am suspecting you missed my sarcastic comment. but Erisat was established by Agazians, named Memhit Temesgen Kahsay, so I think you are behind in a real time information. No need for clashing point, the real virus is no Corona but Agazians if you get my drift.

          • Brhan

            HI Nitricc
            Thank you for updating my info about Erisat establisher and here I will give you newest info: Erisat is now also in Arabic. Who is in and who is out now?

          • Sultan M.G.

            Ustaz Birhan:
            The fact that Arabic is introduced by ErISAT does not make EriSat to be an original Eritrean media outlet working for the best interest of Eritrea and Eritreans.
            Let me be blunt here:
            -It was found out that most so called opposition websites and social media outlets were created and sponsored by the same TPLF
            -Any website or social media outlet claiming to be an “Eritrean” web and Social Media outlet, which cannot condemn and address the toxic and divisive propaganda against Eritreans by the TPLF and its Social Media /Cyber War Warriors is but an anti-Eritrea and a TPLF-sponsored one!

          • Saleh Johar

            I will try one more time.
            Would you please stop generalizing? What if a website doesn’t want to engage in the “Weyane” jingoism, is it also TPLF-Sponsored? I think you should think what you write because you must be insulting many.

          • Sultan M.G.

            Ya Ustazna!
            Those of you, who believe that the TPLF is NOT a deadly enemy of Eritrea and Eritreans…., then you should include yourselves in that club, who is/are being generalized!

          • Saleh Johar


            You and your likes are the most dangerous lots Eritrea has to deal with. What do you want now? Another war like the one you and your likes ignited many times and where you risked nothing. Why don’t you go and fight it yourself instead of instigating bloodshed and cheering to see dead bodies. You are pathetic. What I belive is not your business because you need a second life to understand it. But when it comes to me and the awate institution, it becomes my business. You can go and serve Isaias coffee, I will not be surprised because you are his virtual coffee server. But beware, no more baby sitting and cleaning you soiled pants anymore. You will be served twice as much as you serve. Unless you wisen up and act with civility not as a savage brainless brute. If you cannot learn civility and decency after so many years of patience from our side, you are a hopeless person. By now you should have learned some decency from all the gentlemen and woman here. Pathetic.

          • Sultan M.G.

            ATO SGJ:
            You mean to let the Hiwehat take over ERITREA?
            No one is advocating for war… but to STOP the filthy and short-sighted Dedebitawian to behave and respect ERITREA and Eritreans!
            I do remember that you were COVERING up the deadly provocations by the same Hiwehat u have been supporting directly or indirectly.
            Blaming the PFDJ knowing the facts and the truth?
            Oh yeah, I would rather leak the boots of the PFDJ rather than serving the Hiwehat .

          • Saleh Johar

            Get lost. You are soapy and your arguments are slippery, just like positions: langa-langa. I will not respond because that leads to the gutters.

          • Sultan M.G.

            Thank u Ustaz Salih!
            I still love and my sincere apologies for the unnecessary exchanges.

          • Paulos


            I sure don’t mean to get technical but as you know, there are essentially two kinds of probabilities–one is Frequency Probability where it would tell us the frequency of events in the past and the other one is Bayesian Probability where it tells us how often events in the future would likely happen. To put it differently, the latter is the measure of credence or beliefs if you will of certain things.

            My point is, it is kinda funny but I wonder how many times in the past you have had exactly the same exchanges with Aya Saleh and you come back to apologize and before we know it, you go back to the same routine. I say, the probability of that happening again is—90%. Typical of a Bayesian Probability.

          • David Samson

            Hi Abi,

            “Sometimes I wonder what will happen to Eritrea if Isu suddenly becomes incapacitated? God forbid.”

            Well, you put his estate on a life support machine. Unfortunately, due to this hidden disease (Corona), nobody could visit this sick nation. We will leave to the experts to make a final decision and if and when to turn the machine off for final farewell.

            On a separate issue, the Medemer PM seemed to have built enough muscle to take on the big guys—on both sides of the Atlantic. He is boasting that during last two years of honeymoon, he has been bumping up enough muscles and feel ready to face his nemesis. On the other side of the fence, the Woyanes are also bragging that despite they retreated from “Sheger”, they are not spent force and still the force to reckon with. The exact date of the bout has not been fixed yet, but most likely to be before Ethio’s New Year. The PM is though playing foul play. Despite the bout is head-to-head, he feels unease with the fact that Jowar might come to rescue the Woyanes in the event of the PM overpowering them. Jowar refuses to be drawn on the outcome. He just shrugs he can easily KO the PM in round one. As to the fate of ISU, it is entirely dependent on the length of rounds. If the bout goes all the way to the last round, ISU will burn badly and might not even survive. In the meantime, as ever, the poor tiny country will be squashed-in between the two giants.

          • Paulos

            Selam David,

            Nemesis? The word you’re looking for is enemies instead. As I see it, hardly war will break out between Abiy and Debretsion but Abiy is pushing the envelope so to speak where the Weyanes are sticking to their guns knowing that it is just a bluff at the end of the day.

            That said however, one can see a pattern where Isaias is posited to pull Eastern Sudan on Ethiopia when the tension is heated up to a crescendo, he will step in to play the broker and the peace maker. And he is craving for that moment. Call it a naive assessment but that seems to be what is going to pan out where the alternative—war is not only improbable but impractical given the circumstances.

          • David Samson

            Selam Paulos,

            “nem‧e‧sis /ˈnemɪsɪs/ noun [singular]

            1 an opponent or enemy that is likely to be impossible for you to defeat, or a situation that is likely to be impossible for you to deal with

            meet/face your nemesis

            In the final he will meet his old nemesis, Roger Federer.

            2 literary a punishment that is deserved and cannot be avoided”

            Eastern Sudan must be on a different channel. This will not be the main show in town, anyway. The tabloids and gossip columnist have not given coverage for the Sudan show. You might be the only spectator.

      • Sultan M.G.

        Ahlen Salih:
        I told you so;and a glad that you are ready to punch those bigots officially.
        You know the AgAzians have been on the forefront on this war on Eritrea and Eritreans using region,religion and ethnic/tribe based polarizing and divisive politics,who are fully sponsored and backed up by none but the same weyenti…
        I know that I do NOT expect you to use a “blunt and hyperbolic” approach like some of us here…but we CANNOT ignore such dangerous enemies along with their toxic propaganda against Eritrea and Eritreans.
        Indeed,ENOUGH is enough!
        Gen Nittric is right on the $$$$!
        The same kahuna could be or is a member of the same club,until proven otherwise,since a REAL Eritrean could have not been involved in this dirty politics against Eritrea and Eritreans..

  • Nitricc

    I think PMAA is slicing through the TPLF hold. I think Ethiopia is heading to very troubling times but it is good to know that there some Tigryans are having some sense left in them. listening to those Tigrayns, there some hope for PMAA to get a hold in to the country. It is encouraging and listen to it before the Moda, deleted it, by claiming it is fake news.


  • Nitricc

    I have to admit the more I follow the things the more I am convinced that, really TPLF thugs are screwed. I can find the clip but there was from Meqelle, that states PIA is dead what you seen in the media is fake and the man is already checked out. well, the truth is the man is alive and kicking it but the Meqelle gangs, don’t buy it and they are convinced ghe man is dead. As strange a it is, the Ethiopian media are having it. I think this 20 mill thing true,

    • Nitricc

      wow take it easy; I didn’t do the reporting. I had fun with it and I shard it. sometimes you think of yourself too much. take it easy.

  • Brhan

    Hello Saleh,

    Ramadan Kerim,

    Persons with hate speech satisfy only themselves. It is an old sickness but what new about it is social media.

    Hate speech of all of it kinds was and is found among us. Among the legendary examples that we have I can indicate when T. Bairu told Wel Wel not to speak about Eritrea because he was a Tigrean. But did that kill the spirit of the later or his supporter. No. But to the contrary, not only it made him stubborn in his struggle but also made him to be the hero of the nation at the end. This tells us that the end of the hate speakers is like that. Those who speak about hate will disappear and those who speak against hate speakers will prevail.

    This is from the Eritrean perspective. Hate speech is now every where. It is in the North and Latina America Europe, Asia and Africa. But what does the sense of those places telling us is that the hate speakers tiny and an island in the middle of those who speak love.

    The social media with its audio and video attractions is from day to day considering more rules to halt hate speech and work not to give a plat form in their outlets. And not only, social media institutions but also many countries are strengthening their hate speech laws.
    The hate speakers are foolish to think that the law will spare them because they are not speaking in English or Dutch or Norwegian. Lawyers always work with translators.

    Also Saleh, I believe you agree with me that , they are not even matured educationally and professionally. So they are only confusing those who are not privileged to have good education. The later have a problem in differentiating between good and bad apple. So while we track and restrain hate speakers, it is good to inform, teach and encourage the later about good sources of information and news.

    Hate speech is a virus but with many vaccines at hand, and providing good news and information is one of them which this website has been doing for many years. One of the reasons that I want to support aware is because I believe it can increase the way how to reach more audiences for a good cause.

    Thanks again

    • Saleh Johar

      In the old days it was called gossip, nemima. Now it’s sanctioned by technology. It’s not surprising how the idiots of humanity prefer to use it destructively and not to improve the lot of the people. It’s sad.

  • A.Osman

    Dear Saleh,

    I have been watching the clips from this elder with more respect for the years he spent learning. From how he explained the origin of Geez letters, I sensed he had this perfect world about our ancestors (abohat and umohat) and he may have also been quite sensitive to cacophony in the social media. Recently, he promised much in an interview with Qeshi Markos and prior to that he spoke about over 600 years of gap (bucco as he termed it) in the history of our region and that he intends to fill and explain why.

    Once he shifted from linguistic to history, it has so far been quite disappointing, I don’t not know if to laugh or be sad, after building a reputation as a teacher, he has a strange way of weaving things, maybe acceptable linguistic anthropology. Now, he in on Jeberti beating mode, he has associated the linguistic Arabic term jebbar (tyrant) with Jeberti and after that he could not stop associating any past tyranny to Jeberties.

    I suspect when was learning classical Arabic and read the Quran, he was on cherry picking mode when he read the story of Moses (Israelites in Egypt)

    قَالُوا يَا مُوسَىٰ إِنَّ فِيهَا قَوْمًا جَبَّارِينَ وَإِنَّا لَن نَّدْخُلَهَا حَتَّىٰ يَخْرُجُوا مِنْهَا فَإِن يَخْرُجُوا مِنْهَا فَإِنَّا دَاخِلُونَ
    by extension
    وَإِذْ نَجَّيْنَاكُم مِّنْ آلِ فِرْعَوْنَ يَسُومُونَكُمْ سُوءَ الْعَذَابِ يُذَبِّحُونَ أَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَيَسْتَحْيُونَ نِسَاءَكُمْ ۚ وَفِي ذَٰلِكُم بَلَاءٌ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ عَظِيمٌ

    At this point, it is better to let him take his course (sigab zifokhso), let him finish his story telling and then is better to give him a concise response.


    • Saleh Johar

      You brilliantly summed it up: “Cherry picking”

      Reading something and twisting it to mean something else, in order to serve you agitational message is an easy feat. Some people have specialized in it. And interpretation is the key here. If we look into the history of conflicts, it was all started and given life with that simple tool: interpretation. Imagine someone copying a slave driving black soldiers and claiming it’s Eritrean Muslims. Guess what? The picture was traced on google image search and it turned out to be black Beligian soldiers from Congo! Figure that out!

  • Haile S.

    Selam Saleh,

    This is my reaction specifically to Bokre’s Culture and History last 5 parts and & particularly to part 57 and 58.

    The worst enmity to the unity of a country’s people comes from its midst. The biggest being the regime in Asmara who deprived the country of fundamental rights, structure and institutions. And there are many smaller ones who deliberately or unknowingly play the game of discord for reasons among others, fame, visibility, misplaced exaggerated humanism to others while undercutting their own identity and harmony with their compatriots. Their self-promotion has no bounds when they are boasting like their self-flagellation when wanting and claiming triumphalism. Bokre a language knowledgeable person and who is followed by some thousands of people on YouTube, unfortunately played into the self-promotion and self-flagellation at the same time in his last 5-volume talk, things unexpected from the intellectual caliber that he should be placing himself. In these 5 volumes of his video he brought very divisive, irresponsible, targeted, sensationalized and literally and figuratively below the belt talk pointing at followers of moslem faith in Eritrea and the region. True history, especially some of the excruciating ones shouldn’t be told that way. Please listen and judge for yourselves. When one talks of a large segment of a country’s people, history and faith and when one claims has read extensively many rare written materials and books, and does it without citing sources and doesn’t put them in writing so that we can see on what he depended to say all these damaging things, it raises a huge red flag. In general, his oral way of history telling method that is identical to proselytizing doesn’t help at all. Saying “it is well documented”, “I can present proof if necessary”, “we know this very well”, promising “I will make a detailed presentation of this and of that subject in the future” and presenting himself as an alpha and omega of east africa’s history since eternity looks like running away from scrutiny. “Believe me I read a lot of sources” without citing a single one is hiding behind the unknown.

    Visibly he must have read a lot and listened to elders knowledge and visited historical places, but he appears to use this knowledge to fit his own narrative and purpose. He embellishes the story he wants, he trashes those he doesn’t. Just to mention some of the clearly evident untruth and embellishments: At the end of his 58th talk, he said that it is an inhuman act to cut the head of Yohannes IV after his death. He said that in order to dehumanise the doers. He said “it was a work of ‘Jebirawyan’, no christian will do that to a dead body”, I am paraphrasing. Bokre seems disgusted by the mere act of cutting a head from the body, because he adds “a christian will not even think of doing this to a living” (ናይ ዝመተ ርእሲ ድኣ ይቑረጽ እዩ? መስርሕ ናይ ጀ’በ’ርቲ እዩ። ኣይኮነን ናይ ዝመተ ካይመተ ከሎ ክትቆርጾ ኣይትትምነን ኣብ ክርስትና). Just for the sake of history as it was recorded, King Yohannes IV passed away 24hrs after getting wounded. The attending people including his priest (who later told the story to the below cited author) couldn’t carry back the whole body or to place it on a mule; therefore they were obliged to cut the body into two halves at the waist to facilitate its transport (De Wylde 1901). It must have been after this that the Dervish came, seized the ‘boxes’ and took the head away as a trophy. So Bokre as a prolific reader must have read the story. Then talking about mutilating a body was purely a deliberate desire to dehumanize the doers.

    Furthermore, how about the well known and documented act of cutting out of mens privacy (balls and p….) of every fallen and suffering soldiers? Colonel Dye (1880), an american serving in the second Abyssino-Egyptian war talks about it). How about the mutilation of right hand and left leg totally depriving an individual from defending himself and mounting a horse or a mule? How about the eye for an eye practiced on petty offenders, acts that has been practiced in the much revered christian kingdom till around a century ago.

    On Bokre’s lamentation saying “we are Tigryans” and his admonishing of the Eritreans who say they are Tigrigna, it is like making a mountain out of a mole hill. It is an opportunistic instrument of torture brought in the heat of controversies not worthy of a historian who has read extensively. It is instrumentalization and self-flagellation to revamp hidden motives, putting under the bus the Eritrean Tigrigna speakers, under the bus of primacy and supremacy of a dominant people in the region. He accuses others of creating an identity (tigrigna) while he himself creates a north tigraway and south tigraway entities that fit his narrative. What he calls north tigray was called Medri Bahri or Bahre Negash and administered loosely or semi-independently ruled for centuries by Bahre Negash. What he calls now south tigray was and is known as Tigray and administered by Tigrie-Mokonnen. The pernicious problems between these two regions started when the later started to administer the former. As a historian who read extensively we would have been better served had Bokre delved into why the animosity developed between these two administrative regions instead of gratuitously submitting the north to the south.

    Talking of the land-of-plenty Bokre talked about at the advent of Italians. My foot land of plenty! It might have been long time before that, but definitely not at that period. Let me just paraphrase/translate from french (any mistake, mine) what Abba Jerome (who was a kid at that time in Emkullu and later a Professor of Amharic. Geez and Tigrigna at the oriental studies in Paris) wrote:
    “It was a time of war, famine, epidemics and anarchy. The whole Ethiopia was devastated, locust has eaten everything including the weeds. Cholera was reigning. The king of Shewa and of Godjam were in tevolt. All were behaving like an usurper ravaging the provinces. Soldiers coming back from war fronts had nothing to eat at home…. Godjam was first devastated by Yohannes and then by the Dervish. Then Yohannes had to go against the Dervish where he lost his life…. Because of this disorder we had to leave our village egri meKel in Sera’e (eritrea) and live in the forest for a whole year. My father had hidden some sorghum in a ground hole. People were surviving on wild honey and wild berries…. At that time Italians were importing cereal from Yemen and India; therefore, we along other Tigrians like us and large number of people from Gonder flocked to near Massawa in emkullu, where there were also helping missionaries. In Emkullu we didn’t have tukul, thousands of people were sleeping on the ground exposed to the thousands of hyenas regularly taking away people. The Italians forbid us from entering the city for fear of cholera…..”

    References cited
    Modern Abyssinia. Augustus B. Wylde 1901. Methuen & Co London. Page 42 & 43

    Moslem Egypt and Christian Abyssinia. William McEntyre Dye 1880 New York.

    “Pour Abba Jerome”, compiled by Joseph Tubiana, edition Le mois en Afrique, Paris,1983.

  • Haile S.

    ሰላም ሳለሕ ምስ ሰብ ዓወተ

    እዛ ትስዕብ ግጥሚ ቅድሚ ጽሑፍካ ምስምዐይ፡ ሎሚ ንግሆ፡ ንሕና ንሕና ዝብል ምስ ሰማዕኩ ዘደለኹዋ እያ። ኣብ ትዕዝብትኻ ሓዲራ ከምዚ ዝበለ ሓደራ ምዝራብካ፡ ብጣዕሚ ኣሒጒሱኒ። ጽቡቕ ዘረባ፡ የቐንየለይ።

    ስርዓት ኣልቦ ካይኣኽለና
    COVID19 ወሺቡና
    ኣብ ውሽጢ ገዛና ተኣሲርና

    ግና ግና ግና
    ዝዓበየ ካይረሳዕና
    ሰላሕታ ሕማም ኣሎ ዝኣስረና
    ኣብ ክንዲ ንቕድሚት ንድሕሪት ዝጎተና
    You Tube መለኸት ዝረኸበ፡ ዝብል ንሕና

    ንሕና ንሕና ንሕና ንሕና፡ ዝብል ግእዛውያን ኢና
    እዚ ድኣ መን ክኽሕዶ እንከሎ ኣብ መልሓስና
    እቲ ጌጋ-ዘረባ ዋነንቲ-ቤት ጌርናያ ነብስና
    ንሕና ዝብል ዝብድዕ ዝወጽእ ካብ ልሳንና
    ዝቖጽር ንኣሕዋትና ዋናታት ሃገር ከማና
    ተሰደድቲ መጻእቲ ተኻረይቲ ጓና

    YouTube ሰሚዔ ክብሃል ኣመንቲ ኣስላም ዝነብሩ ምሳና
    ምስ መን? ኣብ ገዛእ ቤቶም’ሲ ኣብ ቤትና?
    ምስኦም ምስኩሎም እንተዘይኮይኑ የለን ናይ በይንና
    እዛ ኤርትራ ካብ ቶኽሪር ክሳብ ኣፋር ናይ ኩላትና

    እታ ኤርትራ ናይ ብዙሓትና
    ናይ ዝኸስተንና ዝመስለምና
    እምነት-ዝኸሓድና ዝጴንጠጥና
    ናይ ኩላትና
    ናይ ጤፍናቕ፡ ነዃል፡ ተሪር፡ ኣፍንጫና
    ቆርዳድ፡ ልስሉስ፡ ኣሻዀ፡ ኣጻጉርና

    ግእዛውያን ኮነ ‘ቶም ዘይኮንና
    ንሕና ክህሉ ኣይክእልን ተነጺልና
    ነንንዓና ዝመስሉ ኣለዉ ብዙሓት ስግር ዶብና
    ግና ኤርትራውያን ኢና፡ ሃገር ከኣ ናይ ሓባርና

    • Saleh Johar

      Hi HaileS,
      I am glad you liked it. I feel sorry for the segments of our people from whom the crazy bigoted mobs are claiming delegation. It is sad when they so confidently scream We this, We that. But so far, they are lenient on atheists because it way over their head and cannot understand it. You are safe until they clean up the rest 🙂

  • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

    ሰላማት ሳልሕ
    You are charged up! It was powerful!!

    ‘ንታይ ‘ዩ ናይ ኣግኣዝያን ዕላማ?
    ን ኤረትራ ክሓርዱ ብላማ

    መሰረቶም ኣበይ ተተኺሉ?
    የብሎምን ነዊሕ ዘይጸንሕ
    ክፈርስ ‘ንዳኣሉ

    ምንጪ ሓይሎም ካበይ ዝመጸ?
    ጽልኢ! ካብ ውሽጦም ዝወጸ
    ሰብ ክሓርዱ ድሉዋት ከም መላጸ

    ሓለፍቶም ከ ንታይ ‘ዩ ብቕዓቶም?
    ብቕዓት-ኣልቦ ብጽልኢ ተሎኪቶም
    ናይ ሓንጎል ጸገም ‘መስል ምልክቶም
    ዓገብ ክንብል ክንከይድ ናብ መረቤቶም
    ‘ንታይ መረቤት? መን’ሞ ይፈልጦም

    ዋእ! ኣንታ ‘ንታይ ትብል?
    ከምዛ ዝብለካ! ኣይረኸብኩን
    ኣብዚኣ መረቤቶም ዝብል

    ክንደይ ከ ይኾኑ?
    ‘ቶም ሰብ-ጸገም ዳርጋ ዓሰርተ
    ‘ቶም ሰዓብቲ ግን የሕዝኑ
    ሸተት ክብሉ ‘ዮም ምስ ፈለጡ መኣዝኑ

    ‘ንታይ ከ እምነቶም ሰብ ጸገም?
    ኣስላማይ-ካቶሊኽ-ገለ-መለ ከጥፍኡ
    ካብ ሱር መሰረቶም
    ‘ሞ ተዋህዶ ዮም ዲኻ ትብለኒ ?
    ኪድ! ‘ንታይ ተዋህዶ ጽልኢ ‘ዩ እምነቶም
    ተዋህዶ ደኣ ክቡራት ከም ካልኦት የሕዋቶም

    በል ስከ ዕላማኦም ንገረና
    ዕላማኦም ደኣ ክፈናጭሉና
    ‘ዞም ሰብ ጥፉሻት ሕልና
    ሃየ! ‘ዛ ሃገር ኣይነእትውላ ጓና
    ንበሎም ብሓባር
    ኣይንፈልጠኩምን ኢና
    ዛ ፈታዊት ሰብ ሃገርና
    ንፋስ ከይ ኣትወና
    ጽልኢ ኣጥፊእና
    ጥሙር ህዝቢ ኢና

    • Saleh Johar

      Hi Muhandis,
      Yeah. I totally forgot about the script and what I said is very different from the notes I prepared. I don’t get irritated easily but these lots are annoying me so much.
      shHn waltan kunu
      weya zaAdena
      key y’atwa gwana ……(or gewanu, it is all the same 🙂

  • Kokhob Selam


    Yes our friend,

    Direct and to the point.


    • Saleh Johar

      Thank you. I hope you are doing fine.
      Yesterday someone was telling me wild stuff about the connection between 5G and Corona. I remembered you because you posted many times about 5G.

      Take care

      • Kokhob Selam

        Dear Brother Saleh,

        I am doing fine..

        Regarding 5G I am following it day and night none stop till I get a solution..Really it is difficult to live on this world with this advanced development.. See the bellow and be nice to watch to the end..Sure there is a solution when comes to radiation..

        Do you realize that Radiation from Phones, Laptops & WiFi Routers is causing stress in your body?


        AND WATCH



        • Ismail AA

          Selam Kokhob Selam,
          Keep the fight up. Will power and strength of moral are part of the the cure. We know you are a strong man, and we want you to remain so. You be victorious and rise up more vigorous than ever before. I always pray for you, and every human being in distress. Thank you for showing up in the forum to grace us with you valuable contribution – in moral and substance.

        • A.Osman

          Selam Kokhob Selam,

          Generally when people share wassap clips about 5G and I do not give it much attention and when seeing it associated with Covid 19 my response was to jokingly respond that in Eritrea we have 1G and Covid 19 is there too . Your link is over my head….I genuinely go to these link to learn something and I come out more confused (ok I don’t last long too there seem to be an attention deficit to such topics).

          Anyway, I hope you are doing great during the lockdowns and also not buying those anti-microwave stickers…it looks one of those scam that use fear to make money.

          Keep safe

          • Kokhob Selam

            Selam A.Osman,

            Yes Osman..I know I understand..

            I know, 5G conspiracy theories are fueled by a number of fake “news stories” that supposedly show the technology’s dire effects. 5G opponents often cite a test that supposedly killed hundreds of birds in the Netherlands, for example, a claim that originally spread in a series of viral Facebook posts. But in reality, that test happened months before the birds’ mysterious death. And don’t forget this technology is almost everywhere by now..

            Insects were including Bees are victims of this technology. For your information when insects die we human-beings are in danger you know this..

            AOsman..do you get the idea? Why the link is useful ?…Think everything in the term of energy vibrations..watch it again one time more.

            I am doing great during the lockdowns…