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Its Time for a Unity Government in Exile

Nineteen years ago today, on February 2nd 2002, Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki corrupted the Eritrean Parliament into taking measures that were effectively institutional suicide.  How and why it took this shameful and fatal step is chronicled here.  Unquestionably, the removal of an institution that was the last check on the executive accelerated Eritrea’s slide into a One Man Monocracy, which has led Eritrea from one self-inflected wound to another to arrive where it is now: a country without a constitution, without any liberties, where its citizens live in fear of their government and, unlike some people who live in totalitarian states but have something to show for it by way of a higher living standard, our people are poorer for it: materially, spiritually, and any other “ly” that measures human development.

This author had argued before that the solution is a “democratic coup”: meaning, for the ruling party to reset itself and set the country on a path to democracy (article published at awate can be found here. ) This, obviously, would mean that those who are in a position to do so–the leaders of the Eritrean government’s civilian and military institutions–remove Isaias Afwerki from power and resume the path that was started in 1997 when the country’s constitution was ratified.  This idea was further fleshed out in more detail by former Minister of Finance Berhane Abrehe in his book: Hagherey Ertra, whose English summary and critique is available here.  This author and Berhane Abrehe made the assumption that it was still possible for Eritreans inside Eritrea to be the engineers of this change, a prospect that seems distant now in a land ravaged by Isaias Afwerki’s sadism and a pandemic.

It is time that the Eritrean Diaspora assumed more of the responsibility and in this article, I will try to flesh out an idea that I consider viable and, more importantly, grants our future leaders instant legitimacy.

Before I propose my idea, let’s agree on the facts, first:

I.  Eritrea has only one legal party (it calls itself a Front) and this party has not had an organizational congress since 1994 (February 1994, 27 years ago.)

II. Of the 75 members of the Party’s Central Committee, the individuals whose names appear in bold are either dead, in detention, in exile or “frozen” (quietly demoted):

1. Abdella Jaber: 2. Abraha Kassa: 3. Abrahaley Kifle: 4. Adhanom G/mariam: 5. Ahmed Haji Ali:
6. Ahmed Omer Kakai: 7. Ahmed Tahir Baduri 8. Alamin M. Said: 9. Alamin Sheik Saleh 10. Alamin Siraj
11. Ali Said Abdella 12. Almaz Ljam 13. Amna Nur-Hussein 14. Andebrhan W/Giorgis 15. Andemikael Kahsai
16. Asemrom Gerezgiher 17. Askalu Menkerios 18. Aster Fessehatzion 19 Beraki Gebreslassie 20 Berhane Abrehe
21 Berhane Gerezgiher 22 Berhane Zerai 23 Ermias Debessai 24 Fana Tesfamariam 25 Filipos W/yohannes
26. Fozia Hashim 27. Gerezgiher A/mariam 28. Germano Nati 29. Giorgis Teklemikael 30. Hagos Gebrehiwet
31. Haile Menkorious 32. Haile Mehtsun 33. Haile Samuel 34. Haile Woldense 35 Hamed M.Karikare
36. Hamid Himid 37. Hiwet Zemikael­­­ 38. Isaias Afwerki 39. Issa Ahmed Issa 40. Luel Ghebreab
41. Mahmud Ali Herui 42. Mahmud Sharifo 43. Mesfin Hagos 44. Mohamed Ali Jaber 45. Mohammed A. Omaro
46. Mohammed Berhan Blata 47 Mohammed O. Redo 48. Muhyadin Shengeb 49. Musa Rabá 50. Mustafa Nurhussein
51. Naizgi Kiflu 52. Nati Ibrahim 53. Ogbe Abraha 54. Omer Hassen Tewil 55. Osman M. Omer
56. Osman Saleh Mohammed 57. Petros Solomon 58. Romedan Osman Awliay 59. Saleh Idris Keckya 60. Saleh Meki
61. Salma Hassen 62. Sebhat Ephrem 63. Simon Gebredengel 64. Stefanos Seyoum 65. Teklai Habteselassie
66. Tesfai Gebreselassie 67 Woldemikael G/mariam 68. Woldenkiel Abraha 69. Worku Tesfamikael 70. Yemane Gebreab
71. Yusuf Sayiqh 72. Zahra Jabir 73. Zemehret Yohannes 74. Zemzem Abdella 75. Ibrahim Totil

III. There are thousands of EPLF supporters who do not support PFDJ and do not have a political home. These are the “Shaebia Now, Shaebia Forever, But Death To PFDJ” people.

IV. Over the last 20 years, the Eritrean opposition has failed in organizing itself into a potent political force with vibrant institutions of law, media, and communication. During the same period, the Eritrean Diaspora has also failed to create a self-sustaining civil society despite the fact that it has been quite successful at creating ad-hoc groups focused on a single issue (Isaias To ICC, HRC, OneDaySeyoum, and 101 YouTube Channels and Facebook groups and satellite stations.)  All the splinters have been caused, in my opinion, due to lack of legitimacy: nobody accepts the authority of a leader.

Now then, my proposal.

  1. The exiled Central Committee members of “PFDJ”, and those who were Central Committee members in the last (1987) EPLF congress should convene an Organizational Congress, the 4th EPLF Congress, as soon as feasible. Its purpose is to address the hijacking (and renaming) of their organization at the 3rd congress.
  2. The mixed blessing (gulbub mrqa iye zblo ane) of COVID19 is that congresses do not need to be a logistical nightmare of booking airline tickets, hotels and visas anymore. The Organizational Congress can be a series of Zoom Meetings.
  3. This being an organizational congress, the Central Committee members need not worry about the primary obstacle of deciding whom to invite and not invite: those inviting and those being invited should be proud EPLF leaders and members.  Again, this is an Organizational Congress.
  4. Unaffiliated Eritreans, friends of Eritrea and other opposition organizations should be invited as observers, as is always the case with organizational congresses.
  5. The Organizational Congress should focus on re-drafting the Organizational Charter (including renaming itself back to EPLF although EPLF need not stand for People’s Liberation Front–it can be Eritrean People’s Liberty Forum–but the idea is to rid the country of the toxicity associated with PFDJ.)
  6. The Organizational Congress should stay true to the calls made by the now-arrested members of the Central Committee (the G-15, the Forto Mutiny engineers.) That is, the beginning documents should be the EPLF’s 1987 resolution coupled with the Open Letters of the G-15.
  7. If the Central Committee members are saying, “But I can’t stand so-and-so”, you are still being victims of Isaias Afwerki whose ascendancy to, and monopoly of, power was facilitated by having his colleagues in constant suspicion of each other.  If the Central Committee members are saying “we are old, etc, etc”, remember your cohorts in Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF)  did not say that when they felt the fate of their country and all they paid to make it happen was at risk: they went to the mountains to fight. Ambassador Seyoum Mesfin chose to go to the mountains, to side with his people, and got shot in the head for it (with gun powder still visible on his forehead, for the cold assassination. If you don’t admire that, check your Hamot.)   You are only being asked to organize an organizational congress and your role will be transitional.
  8. The Organizational Congress should have a democratic election where it elects its leadership, who then elect the executive team. This ensures continuity and grants the new leadership something sorely lacking in the Eritrean Opposition: legitimacy.
  9. It is important that the EPLF Central Committee know that it cannot do anything on its own.  Therefore, its resolutions must be opposition-friendly.  What that means is part of the agenda of the Organizational Congress must be to study and evaluate the blueprints that have been issued by various political organizations over the last 20 years (leave the arrogance to the PFDJ at home) and arrive at decisions with the assumption that it will be forming a United Front with the other groups.
  10. All of this must be pursued with a sense of urgency: it must be started and finished before May 24, 2021: Eritrea’s 30 anniversary of Independence which, sadly, has been transformed to total subservience to Isaias Afwerki.

What Then?

Shortly following the convening of the EPLF Organizational Congress, Eritrea’s other half must hold its own Organizational Congress.   By “other half” I refer to Eritreans who do not think the EPLF represents their values.   The two organizations (not ten, but two) then create a Unity Government In Exile, representing themselves as an alternative to the Band of Misfits and Enslavers in Eritrea.  This will not enable them to do all the things a government does, but it will empower and legitimize them to do some of the things governments do including meeting with foreign dignitaries and fashioning alternative policies to the suicidal ones pursued by the PFDJ.

If you are thinking it is too bold to announce oneself a government in exile: you shouldn’t even try. The only reason the one in Eritrea calls itself a government is not because it is governing by the consent of the people (whereas you will) but because it has guns.  If that is your argument,  that only people with guns should hold power, then you should forget about the Organizational Congress and organize an army.  Geisha Alla ember eta ghedli, as wedi tkabo sang. But doing nothing is not an option. 

Besides, what is the alternative?  For people like General Filipos to organize a coup?  For a people who are under house arrest and banned from organizing in groups of 10 to organize a popular uprising? For Isaias Afwerki to die? News alert: his mama is still alive.

Let’s get to it.

About Salyounis

Saleh Younis (SAAY) has been writing about Eritrea since 1994 when he published "Eritrean Exponent", a quarterly print journal. His writing has been published in several media outlets including Dehai, Eritrean Studies Review, Visafric, Asmarino and, of course, Awate where his column has appeared since the launch of the website in 2000. Focusing on political, economic, educational policies, he approaches his writing from the perspective of the individual citizens' civil liberties and how collectivist governments and overbearing organizations trample all over it in pursuit of their interests. SAAY is the president and CEO of a college with a focus in sound arts and video games and his writing often veers to music critique. He has an MBA from Golden Gate University and a BA from St Mary's College.
  • Dongolo

    Selam all. Progress In Motion: (22 October 2002) ‘Eritrean opposition groups, currently meeting in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, are planning to set up a government-in-exile, sources at the meeting told IRIN on Tuesday.’

  • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

    ሰላማት

    ኣባል ክትክተብ ‘ንዳ ንሕና-ንሱ
    መዐቀኒኡ ‘ንታይ ‘ዩ?
    ሓደ ሰብ ምስ ዝሓስብ ብዘይ ርእሱ
    ካልእ ከ?

    ኢሎሞ ምባል ዝፈቱ
    ዓሽ! ዓሽ! ዝብል
    ሓለፍቲ ህግደፍ ሃገር ‘ናዘመቱ
    ዕልል ዝብል ሰቡ ‘ናሞቱ
    ኣይከሰርናን ‘ናበሎም
    ኣፍልቡ ሸንዲሑ
    ጫሕ ኮራርምቱ
    ——-ብርቱዕ ጣቕዒት
    ——-ባንዴራ ተጎልቢብካ ሳዕስዒት
    ማዕጾ ህግደፍ ጋሕ የብለልካ
    ተዓሚትካ ክትኣቱ
    ብዘይ ናትካ ርእሲ ሕሰብ
    ናትካ ደኣ ተጋዒቱ
    ባቃ!

  • Dongolo

    Selam all. Talk of a Unity Government involving the ELF simply lacks credibility. We are some 40 years down the road since the ELF was real power player. We are talking of Carter-Reagan era politics.

  • Aman Y.

    Selam Saay,

    Your boldness to bring your initiative is appreciated!

    You wrote,” If you are thinking it is too bold to announce oneself a government in exile: you shouldn’t even try.”
    I suggest we select a couple of qualified People bold enough to lead the Government in Exile. This is a suggestion to expedite your proposal.
    1. In line to your approach with EPLF, I would start working with the executive committee. I think we have only one. How about working on giving him Co- leadership.
    2. When you think of GiE’s they are all lead by one or two people. Hence, I nominate Saleh Younis to be the other Co. not only because he initiated it, but also he is qualified.
    3. And after refining a working document with advisors and pertinent people, you call what ever outreach needed. Many of the movements, like the one you mentioned, had stayed dormant. Still, every organization’s and individual’s prior knowledge needs to be considered and accounted. I believe every one is still fighting for justice in one way or another. And initiatives like yours are timely awakenings for the dormant.

    Now, are we bold enough?

    Respectfully,

    • saay7

      Selamat Aman:

      The boldness challenge was to the leadership of the EPLF and the ELF-allied organizations. A lot of our opposition leaders may feel tired or like they have failed: but I am reminding them if you think you failed, the regime in Asmara has failed in multiples than you. If you think “government in exile” is unusual, so is having a “transitional government” in Eritrea 30 years after independence. If you think reorganizing at this stage is too late, no it’s not: the TPLF founders headed to the hills to fight at a very late stage. In the end, it’s all about faith and conviction.

      1. Actually there are two members of the Exec Committee of EPLF: Mesfin Hagos and Shengeb. Both have unique strengths: Mesfin is still highly respected in the EDF, Shengeb is a brilliant organizer and highly competent. But to achieve legitimacy they have to be elected by the EPLF at its 4th congress.

      2. That’s a hard pass for me. But I would do all I could to make the government succeed. Eritrea has a LOT of catching up to do thanks to its criminally incompetent and sadistic “transitional government” in Asmara.

      3. My role I think is to spark an idea and present details on how it can work. Then its owners (the rank-n-file of EPLF and the Bayto) will take it over and make it work. Almost 25% of Eritreans live in exile and excepting for the useless NNNN, many of them are highly educated and can replicate Eritrea’s 19 ministries in weeks.

      More detail to follow. What is needed from us is refusal to yield our country to a bunch of war mongers, looters, and sadists.

      saay

      • Ismail AA

        Selam saay7,

        Fine you came in to give this debate, which appeared to have ebbed lastly, an impetus. I recall I included within one of my entries a kind of request that it may be incumbent on you to add some energy necessary to sustaining the discussion. More inputs and details can help to expand an outreach for the idea. It is great to know now that you intend to just do that. One important point is how the Awate.com community can best engage through formerly and currently active participants if can be mobilized. This was what I read in your comment that you and SJ have been doing serious consultation.

        Having scribbled that, moreover, I need to put my critical support for the idea. It is not because it is practically and conceptually proven feasible venture. It is because it is an idea that can be sown in “depleted arid land”. When everything tried in the past two and more decades did not work, it is makes sense that any idea measured by its proponents to be viable to be give chance.

        And, a point, which needs to be unequivocally underscored, is that what is being talked about is an idea in its embryonic phase. It is not about the EPLF or ELF as some seem to be entertaining. The point is simply a selection has been made of players which political expediency calls for to help the idea to germinate. In other words, the proposal should be reduced to involvement of historical EPLF and ELF. That to say that Looking at the issue from the perspective Dongolo appeared to suggest in his comment (above) for instance, has nothing to do with matter. It is more of what historical EPLF and ELF represent ideas their social and political essences rather than physical roles these two would play as persons. History has already determined the end of organizational framework of programs – 1982 for ELF and the EPLF morphing to Isayas’ HIGDF.

        • saay7

          Selamat Ismail:

          I am doing more outreach with our Eritrean media and the article has already been translated to Tigrinya and soon to Arabic.

          Because it’s a proposal, we are pace this in phases: 1. Are the people to whom the message is directed responsive? (They need to be persuaded), 2. Will the people be supportive when the political actors are ready (phase 2.)

          In terms of having public discussion about it, especially in forums where Isaias and NNNN sleeper cells, Isaias-worshippers and Trojan horses pretend ing to being sympathetic to our cause (justice, citizenship) is not ideal.

          But yeah: the hard work has begun.

          saay

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Selamat Saay,
            Just curious; will the GiE members be elected or selected? I know it is at early stage but just a thought.
            I would also put a through psychological checkup as a requirement for the GiE leader. We don’t want to have another looney as a leader.

          • saay7

            Mehands:

            Since my premise is that the biggest challenge the Eritrean opposition has is the issue of legitimacy, and legitimacy cannot he achieved by being appointed (unless you are ስዩመ-እግዝኣብሄር), then it follows that they will be elected. They will be elected in their respective organizational congresses and then the elected will form a unity government.

            Hey it’s 2021: we don’t say loony or psycho: somebody is either mentally healthy or unhealthy. And as long as they are getting treatment for it, the mentally unhealthy should not be disqualified from leadership posts.

            saay

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Saay,
            “ጤል ከይገዛእና ኣበይ ከም ንኣስራ” ክትዕ ከይትመስል ጥንቅቕ ክብል
            I wish we had ስዩመ-እግዝኣብሄር rather than this ስዩመ-ሰይጣን for the last 3 decades. ምስ ኣምላኽ ከይተባእሰኒ. Besides, the bar is so low and finding better alternates won’t be that hard.
            I have to disagree on the last part; we need a person that is mentally fit. We don’t want to risk it in case of medical shortages, which is common in our region.

          • saay7

            መሃንድስ:

            ኣጆኻ! ሜዳ ኤርትራ እንዳ ኢሳይያሳን ማንጆሳታቱን ኮራኩሩን ስለዝገበትዎ እዩ እንዳ ዕኑዳትን ዕቡዳትን ዝመስል እምበር ማህጸን ኤርትራ ከም ዓለማ ካብ 2% ንላዕሊ ወፈፌ ኣይተፍርይን እያ:: ኤርትራ በዞም ባንዳ ሰነፋት ኢሳይያሳውያን ኣይትፍረዳ: they are mutations.

            saay

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Saay,
            ኣፍካ ይስዓር!
            ጀሚርካዮ ዘለኻ ዕማም ካብ ጎቦ እምባ-ሶይራ ተዘይዓብዩ ኣይንእስን ‘ዩ ‘ሞ ሓገዝ ካብ ላዕሊ ይተሓወሶ።

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Mehands,

            Yes indeed, Saleh has, and actually everyone of us who have vested interest in liberation of the country from despotism, colossal task. I think the mere fact he took the initiative to shake up the helplessly waiting status quo earns him praise. It is interesting to watch how things will shape up, especially among the milieu he has chosen as stepping stone.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Ahlen Saay,

            Indeed they are mutated from the Eritrean DNA – the mutation that created a syndrome in the Eritrean politics.

            Regards

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Ismailo,

          The reason as to why the debate is ebbed as is: because we don’t have that many resourceful debaters on idea in the Awate community. There were few who come and go based on the flood of trollers.

          Second, I invited to members of the Baito to debate on the proposal. They told me what is the need of reorganizing while we have an organized umbrella that others could join. From my exchange, I understood them that the proposal is more to regroup the EPLFites than for broad unifying call, for GIE. I don’t know what reaction Saay is getting, but, from my acquaintances they are not that much enthusiastic.

          Third, unfortunately, the Eritrean politics is not yet matured and popularized both at home and abroad for any proposal to discuss and come up with agreeable solutions. A long way to go.

          Regard

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Aman,

            Thanks for sharing the mood you have gathered. All interested persons have been doing the same, which is necessary as part of exploring environments.

            Regarding your first point, you are right that we have been missing across-the-board resourceful participants in the forum. As many refrained from active partaking, turned to casual visitors, readers or front page article contributors, the forum has suffered.

            Moreover, assessed at face value level, Saleh’s proposal is prone to getting the reaction you explained as result of reactions from Baito members. But, here at this forum, my view is that, irrespective of initiatives here and there, the proposal embodies a measured challenge aiming at shaking the realities of waiting and inactivity that have produced the conditions you have mentioned in your last points.

        • Dongolo

          Selam Ismail AA. Is it not possible In regards to unity government stratagem to avoid any reference to ELF, EPLF or PFDJ? Is it not better to base representation on a hybrid regional/district representational model?

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Dongolo,

            It is obvious the work of such an entity as proposed should not be encumbered by ideological baggages. It should be a political instrument tasked by clearly set action program geared to uniting and stirring the nation to free itself from an authoritarian regime, and open ways toward building a normal governance system that obeys consensually crafted laws of the country guaranteeing basic freedoms of citizens and natinal unity.

            As I tried to state elsewhere, at this stage talking about ELF, EPLF etc. as corporate interest entities can be non-starter. The important thing is how to mobilize stakeholders on the basis of basic rights and duties rather than allowing processes of accoommodating political-ideological programs. As I understand, Saleh Younis’ idea about starting the process from former EPLF members is merely for the purpose of starting somewhere or a look for a departure point if you will from where the task will have to embark on reaching out to wider representations.

  • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

    ሰላማት!

    ጥልያን ስለዘይክእል ፋራ ተቖጺረ
    ጀረመን ስለዘይፈልጥ
    መን ከማይ በሃሊ ኣብ ክንዳይ ሓፈረ
    ፈረንጂ ኣይዛረብን ምስበልኩ
    ዓሻ ተባሂለ
    ስፓኒሽ ስለዘይሰምዕ
    ደፋኢ ድንኩል ኴነ
    ብናይ መን ከማይ በሃሊ
    ጸሊም ከሎ
    ናይ ፈረንጂ ዓይኒ ዘለዎ ዝመስሎ

    ሳሆ ኣይዛረብን
    ትግራይት ‘ውን ኣይክእልን
    ምስ በልኩ ግን

    Who cares?
    ናትና ኢኻ ተባሂለ
    ምዕቡል ተቖጺረ
    ——-ኣየ ኣፍሪቃውያን ካብቲ ናቶም
    ——-ናይ ጎይተቶም
    ቋንቋ ምፍላጥ ማሕረ
    ምሁራት ደናቁር ክብል ድማ
    ከም ስርዓት ደፊረ
    ከምዚ ዓይነት ኣተሓሳስባ ሕዚካ
    ከመይ ‘ሉ ክመጽእ ምዕባለ

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      ሰላም መሃንድሳይ,

      ሕማም ደቂ ከበሳ ከምዘላታ ገሊጽካያ:: እዛ ግጥምኻ ንገሊኦም አብዚ መኣዲ ክትዕና ዘለው ተንጸባርቅ:: ሓደ ዓርከይ ጸሓፋይን ገጣማይን ከምዚ ሓውሲ ናትካ ገይሩ ይጽሕፍ’ሞ: አነ ንመን ከተርክብ ኢኻ ብዘይ ግሉጽ ገይርካ መልእኽትኻ ተመሓላልፍ ክብሎ ከለኹ: እንታይ ይብለኒ መስለካ? ግደፎም ነናቶም የልዕሉ ይብለኒ:: ሕጂኸአ ናትካ እዚ ግጥምኻ ነናቶም የልዕሉ ኢልካ ዝገጠምካዮ ይመስል:: ሓቀይድየ መሃንድሳይ?

      • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

        ሰላማት ፕሮፌሰር ኤማ
        “ነናቶም የልዕሉ”
        ኣማን ብኣማን!

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          ሰላም መሃንድሳይ,

          ሕጂ ግርም!

          ካልእ ኸአ አለውኻ:: ንሳቶም ከአ እቶም ናይ አስመራ ዝተደባለቀ ቋንቋ ተዛሪቦም ትግርኛ ዝፈልጡ ዝመስሎም: እሞኸአ ነቶም እንኮ ዝኾነ ትግርኛ ዝዛረቡ: ትግርኛ አይትፈልጡን ኢኹም ዝብሉ ስለዘለው: ንዕዖም ከአ ናቶም ከልዕሉ ምስቶም ኣብ ላዕሊ ዝሓበርኩኻ ጌይርካ ግጠመሎም ኢኻ ሓደራኻ:: መሃንድስ ከም ልበይ!

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear Brother MM,

      Wow, the more I read your poems the more enjoy it..

      Go head and put some more please..

      KS..

  • Dongolo

    Selam all. A Unity Government in Exile would need to be completely secular in approach and stratagem and never be allowed to entertain religious sensitive matters.

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Dongolo,

      On a serious note, my understanding of the prospective ‘government in exile’ is foreseen to be a negotiated entity whose role will have to be defined by consensually agreed set of rules of engagement “codified” in a national action program that would gain people’s trust and rally behind it available collective national efforts and resources of the nation against authoritarian regime. It would be about strategies and tactics for nationwide political and public relations actions.

      Thus, in my view approaching the process with preordained (figuratively) positions on ideological and political identities of that “government’ can prematurely end up as non-starter if we keep in mind the reasons and ways opposition affairs have been done up to now.

  • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

    ሰላማት!

    ስለምንታይ?
    ስለምንታይ ተሪፍና ሓዲግ መዲግ
    ተበራራዪ ኣካል ይመጽእ
    ክገዝእ
    ሓንሳብ ብቓልዕ
    ከምዚ ናይ ሕጂ ድማ ብሕቡእ
    ዶ ዋላስ ዝ ናይ ሕጂ ንዓና ይግባእ?

    ስለምንታይሲ
    ‘ዝ ገዛኢ ካባና ‘ዩ ፈርዩ
    ተወሊዱ ዓብዩ

    ተማሂሩ ተጋዲሉ
    መዓስ ብሃውሪ ቦቒሉ

    ‘ሞ
    ስለምንታይ ንሱ ከምድሌቱ ክዝውር
    ንሕና ድማ ሰላሳ ዓመታት ክንዓፍር

    ወይ ድማ ከምታ ሰበይቲ ዝበለቶ
    ኣደይ ማርያም ዓሰርተ
    ፍረ-ነብሲ ኣግዚማቶ

    ሰብ ክልተ ድማ ኡስልና ንጉተት
    ሓመድ ንጋበር
    ሓድ-ሕድና ንሟጎት
    ባቃ!
    ኣብዛ ስደትና ከርተት
    ወይ ሰብ ክልተ!

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear mm,

      Take home from the above stanza

      “ሰብ ክልተ ድማ ኡስልና ንጉተት
      ሓመድ ንጋበር
      ሓድ-ሕድና ንሟጎት
      ባቃ!
      ኣብዛ ስደትና ከርተት
      ወይ ሰብ ክልተ!”

      KS,,

  • Berhe Y

    Dear Ismail and all,

    With regards to the topic of Saay, I want to bring to the attention of everyone the article Abdulrazig Kerar wrote over a year ago with “Post-Islamism in Eritrea, Why Does It Is Matter?” which details the evolution of based on it’s last congress and it’s transformation to a new party. I thought he has spend a great deal writing the article and I don’t think it has gotten the attention it deserves.

    I was quite impressed with the outlook and vision of the party and I think it’s timely that we shine light to this transformation and if it can be used as a model for clearly setting the vision of the other opposition parties and what part it can play in the “government in exile” attempts Saay is trying to promote.

    In my opinion, I think the party and it’s members have quite advanced in their vision, plan and how to transform the country to democracy post IA.

    I did not want to put you in spot and this is not target to you directly but all other form members but I thought you would find of interest and you can steer the discussion towards the article and if possible, may be even invite the author to participate and expand the progress the party made since it’s last congress.

    I personally think, it can be be a vehicle to the “other voice” that is not part of the EPLF and I think it would be great it it can rally the other opposition around this great progress.


    The then Eritrean Islamic Party for Justice and development (EIPJD), in the final statement of its 6th congress, announced that the party had adopted four major resolutions:

    1) Its transformation into an inclusive political party that accommodates all Eritreans.
    2) Pursuing its goal through peaceful means.
    3) Restricting its activities to only political sphere, preserving the right of individuals to Pursue other forms of activities as individuals or civic societies.
    4) Changing its name to the Eritrean Democratic Homeland Party (EDHP).

    http://awate.com/post-islamism-eritrea-matter/

    Berhe

    • saay7

      Selamat Berhe:

      What a coincidence because I commented on the “Post Islamism…” article reminding people to discuss it instead of everything else they were. Islamism is an ideology and if communists orgs can be post communists, Islamists can be post Islamists. Same logic.

      On the proposal for GiE (Government in Exile) my comrade SGJ and I are not yet ready to make any announcements, but I think it’s fair to say its being seriously discussed by those to whom the call was made including the org you mentioned.

      Business as usual simply won’t do with the GiN (Government in Name) in Asmara hell bent on taking the country to new lows.

      Cheers!

      saay

      • Ismail AA

        Selam Saleh,
        Serious discussion is not only desirable but also an imperative. Wish all or at least some versatile participants in this forum would come in and contribute to the debate. Where is Dr. Paulos, Mahmoud Saleh, Yohannes Zerai, Dawit Mesfin and lots of them. I hope that “serious discussion” you have with SJ would also include how to reach those brothers and sisters.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Ismailo,

          I could add to your list Haile-TG one of our resourceful and fierce debater, Kibrom and Hayat Adem.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Selamat Prof. Emma,
            Just curious on this Govt in exile thing…why didn’t I hear about the YiAakl movement? I thought they are active. Aren’t they?

          • Berhe Y

            Selam Mehandis,

            I don’t know the white structure but there is an active group on Facebook called Global YiAkl. You can search abs you will find many interviews and discussions.

            They are hosting Dan Connel this Saturday @ 2 pm Est if you can check it out.

            Berhe

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Thank you brothers Ismail/Prof. Emma/Berhe!
            I was just curious but I should have asked Saay7 for that [sorry about that].

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Mehandsay,

            As a matter of fact If we equate youth = YiAakl, then I have brought to the attention of Saay on my appraisal to his proposal. I sincerely believe that there will be no meaningful GIE without them being part of the process. Eritrea is for them than those who are summoned to form GIE. The reason is understood

            Sorry Saay, it is my personal thoughts to make your proposal an all inclusive to all adult age groups, to reflect the generational link and continuity.

            Regards

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Mehandis,

            This is a good question, and I can presume Saleh might be well aware of the matter. But, considering the time YiAakl groups have taken since they started, they have not really made any appealing progress. Actually, they can be considered as continuation of the civic society groups that had mushroomed following the border war and its repercussions.
            Moreover, the YiAakl who had inspiration from the so called disastrous Arabic spring movements and color rebellions in some parts of Eastern Europe and elsewhere had remained so far disjointed local groups and could not rally to establish bridges among themselves in the first place, and subsequently with others and the rest of the opposition organizations to elevate their organizational formation to a national level.

          • Woldegabriel Tesfamariam

            Selam Mehands,
            Hmmmmmm YeAkl???????

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Berhe,

      Thank you for reminding us re-considering A. Kerar’s article in the framework of Saleh Younis’ proposal. I understood where you are coming from. It is fitting on your part to reflect on the unenviable state of enfeebled conditions of the Eritrean opposition groups and organization. to state the obvious, it would not be easy to rekindle the dynamos of the stultifying dynamics that have been decapitating the opposition forces. So, in order to make themselves relevant stakeholders in the framework of the process Saleh’s proposal is suggesting broadening the spectrum for political participation is an imperative because Eritrea’s political and social diversity will have to fairly accommodated in order the process to become viable and executable.

      I think your reflecting back to Kerar’s article was related to the other organizations and groups emulating the EIPJD. If memory helps me, I recall the article, which was well-thought and carefully written from political and ideological perspectives, was extensively discussed in this forum. A. Kerar, the prolific writer and constant observer of the Eritea’s affairs that he is, had framed his analysis in the discourse of the movement of post-political Islam in Eritrea as signaled by the change EIPJD had introduced to its existence. Such an approach made Kerar’s contribution attractively significant because it could be appraised as an end to ideology and focusing on politics in the context of Eritrean opposition politics.

      For those who persistently followed developments and alignment of forces or alliances since 1999 (AENF, ENA through EDA) do recall the endless debate about separating the ideological programs from transient political programs. The debate had involved the Islamic and secular formations with the objective of formulating a minimum national opposition task program guiding by set of national principles written in to a charter.

      If you and me (and of course others) have read Saleh’s proposal, the course he wanted the EPLF opposition camp should launch and then all of the others should follow suite to form energized front against the dictatorship would not see light of the day unless a political national task program sanitized immunized against ideological jockeying would emerge. Of course, the debate on Saleh’s proposal is still in an infancy phase. That is why some of us are insisting that as much as possible participation in this debate should be called for; and Saleh himself should do what he can since he has the skill and respect. A meticulous follow is essentially needed because when everything inside the homeland and outside it is considered, people should go for what is possible under the circumstances. That is why Saleh’s proposal is having traction.

      One of the means of stirring the direction less condition of the opposition is elevating the debate on the proposal to meaningful level and igniting energy in the camp of the other (non-EPLF i.e) opposition groups for they might challenged as stakeholders.

    • Haile S.

      Selam Berhe,

      Saleh’s proposal and the attention you brought about our diversity is extremely timely. Good to know Saleh & Saleh are working in a separate room with others to push it forward. That is the way to go in addition to debating issues here in the open.

      It is high time to highlight Eritrean diversities. Those are the building blocks holding the country. Some revisionists holding cross on one hand and speakers with the other are working like termites to undo the glue that is holding our diversity with acidic statements like genocide. Genocide has never been cheaply used like these days. Humanity need to find another word for it when it really happens.

      The challenge for the new proposal is on how to bring the audience of these revisionists to reason speaking representation, away from the attention seeking individuals who promote their ideas by closing all doors for reasonable discussion upfront through very divissive revisionist statements and out right false accusation.

      • Ismail AA

        Selam Haile,

        When the resilient striving of the true patriots who had assimilated understanding of “the building blocks holding the country” recedes or holds back, the “revisionists” who work “to undo the glue … holding our diversity” grab their opportunity and feverishly work to promote their agenda. Among them, the most dangerous are those who hide behing culture and religion.
        Our still evolving national polity should be aware of extremists who nest in bosoms of the two major faiths. They exploit the good mission of harmonious coexistence of the two faiths with roots in brotherhood and humanity. In the name of imagined cultural and religious preservation, they strive to promote their sinister agenda of dismantling the foundation upon which the nation stands without carrying at all whether or not what they preach would be viable and enduring under the hard realities that govern life under modern nation-states.

      • Berhe Y

        ሰላም ሃይላት

        ደሃይካ ኣይተሓባአና፤ ደሃይ ኣይተጥፍእ። ንሕናን ከምዚ ኸማናን ስቅ ኢልና እንተረአና፥ እንተሰማዕና፥ እቲ ዝዝርእዎ ዘለዊ ጵልኢ፥ ብፍላጥ ይኹን ብዘይ ፍልጥ፥ ምንቃሉ ከሸግረና እዩ።

        As to the challenge you mentioned, I think we need to make a decision. It’s impossible to change the hearts of those revisionists to reason and we have to make the ultimate choice very clear. It’s the right to believe what ever they want to believe and there is not much we can do about it, but we have to focus to those who wants to see a viable Eritrea which is at peace with itself.

        I am extremely delight to read the vision of EDHP and their program is totally inline with what I would like to see what future Eritrea would be.

        Berhe

    • Reclaim Abyssinia

      Selamat Awate Community,

      Within this government-in-exile concept, what are the prerequisites for individual or group to declare a legit government-in-exile?

      There is some quick answer in google, but I am also curious to know if it is possible to have more than one government-in-exile claim if both parties have different ideologies or strategical approaches?

      Thanks,
      Reclaim

      • Nitricc

        what are the prerequisites for individual or group

        Hi Reclaim
        You need to be the citizen of Eritrea. If you are an Eritrean of different nationals with different citizenship are not qualified to any Eritrean political process. For instance; you pay your taxes and become citizen of another country to earn to vote, to ask for your rights and to challenge the political system. So, any person who doesn’t pay taxes and doesn’t live in Eritrea are out and it is not your concern whatever happens in Eritrea. Leave it to the people of Eritrea and if you are a citizen of another country, worry about your job, kids and about your government. Double Seeping is ethically and morally unacceptable; you left your country and accepted different citizenship, good for you and stay out of the real people business.

        • Ismail AA

          Selam Nitricc,

          Where have you, sir? Welcome back. You are one of the needed here to have a say in this debate.

          Moreover, what you just stated would make sense in a normal national state that operates in conditions of legally instituted national organs that obey law and order. In all your conscience, do you claim Eritrea exists as a normal state: constitution that defines who a citizen is or is not; a government that exercises at least minimum consensus, and not run in accordance of one person’s whims and desires; a government that allows its people freedom of movement and choice of citizenship and laws that may or may not approve dual citizenship etc. In a situation where nationals have been leaving a nation en masse and dispersing across the breadth and width of the globe, how can you hope what you have prescribed would make sense?

          By the way, I have been having you on my mind often about the note I told once that you I will be keeping about what you were going to do after the regime had retaken the Woyane occupied land, and more, in connection to the regime’s behaviour. Do see now that the regime has run of pretext and pretentions of liberation of sovereign land ? Do sense or feel signs the regime has shown any indication towards changing course?

          • Nitricc

            Greetings Ismail; Thank you sir, you are right I have minimized my visit to awate forum. Upon the complete meltdown and the demise of TPLF; I feel Eritrea is safe form the day-light-hyenas and my job was done. To get back to your point, I pray Eritrea won’t allow duel citizenship. I pray! that is the thing, for anyone to be a citizen and exercise your rights, you got pay taxes and the government let you vote, run for public office and the rest. At what logic does any Eritrean who lives, works and pay his or her taxes to the nation they live but decided political path to other nation? Unthinkable, if you ask me. In that case the right thing to do will be, return the citizenship of another country, pay taxes to Eritrean government and then, you may form whatever you want. Eritrea’s misery is buried with TPLF. I really believe that. So, I am looking for some head-turning and jaw dropping political and economic moves. Although; this Tigray think might complicate things and it may cause some delays, but it is coming. This Tigray thing is very fluid, Instead of the Tigryans taking pause and doing soul searching to understand what went wrong and why TPLF was destroyed and why Tigray ended up in the current miserable condition, Tigray activist continue the same path of lies and delusion TPLF used to follow and expect a different result. This will not help Tigray and the tigray people but instead will only prolong the recovery. It seems they disregarded the origin of the war. I really don’t know to what degree this Tigray thing affects Eritrea but I am sure there will be some. Cheer up, Eritrea is looking up!!!

          • Brhan

            Hi Nitricc
            “I pray Eritrea won’t allow duel citizenship” by duel i think you want to say dual?
            The Eritrean Constitution says about citizenship in Article 3: # 2
            2. Any foreign citizen may acquire Eritrean citizenship pursuant to law.
            So if a US citizen wants to acquire Eritrean citizenship, he or she can acquire it , pursuant to law, because also in the US it is allowed to have dual citizenship.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Brhan; You are right, of course that why i meant. I am almost 100% certain that the 1997 constitution is dead and it will be rewrite a new constitution. And i will love the new constitution will omit the about citizenship in Article 3: # 2. there are many thing that should be amend. i will say few thing about what should be revoked from the old constitution. Let’s start with establishing the new parliament. Eritrea has learned very valuable lessons on the last 20 years that will force to rewrite the Eritrean constitution. The 1997 constitution doesn’t reflect the Eritrean value and it society.

          • NewDawn

            Selam Nitricc. Long time, if the eritrean parliament is competent they will allow Dual citizenship with some restrictions for example i.e. having a key government position. For a country that has a large diaspora it isn’t a wise idea, we need to maximise the expertise and financial power of the diaspora. With the right policies the power of the diaspora can accelerate growth. I’ll go as far as to say they are our only hope for escaping poverty.

          • Nitricc

            Selam NewDown; as your name says it, new down is upon Eritrea. Look what happened to Kenya and South Africa. They allowed for Indians to be citizens and sure they benefits financially but they become the second citizens in their own country. Eritrean died and paid dearly to get their independence to be the second citizens on their own country. I don’t see any problem, Eritreans are business savvy and i don’t see any problem. Eritreans all they need is rule of law and farness and good governance. let’s not make the same mistake other Africans countries made. Eritreans will be died twice if they allowed to be the second citizens on their own country. Eritreans didn’t died to be slave on their own country. I disagree with you sir, respectfully. I just want you to think what Eritreans paid.

          • NewDawn

            Selam Nitricc, the comparison between foreign identites like india are different to eritreans. Whose origins lie in Eritrea. A more fair example would be Israel. The situation you have described can be avoided, without denying dual citizenships there can be good policies that bring out the best of both worlds. Youre idea is simply not beneficial, it appeals to the heart. It simply does not benefit eritrea in anyway.

          • Nitricc

            Selam ND; i disagree. I am very confident that Eritreans are able to do what is right. I can see, that you are immersed in to the west political and business practices. All Africans tried it and failed in every aspect of it. I do believe if Eritreans have fair and the rule of law, they can do miracles, They paid dearly and they knew it, trust me. Let me give you a glimpse of it, just three months ago TPLF was talking about how Eritrea is weak and there was no defending force, yet today Eritreans are in Mekele and ruling . why is that sir? think for a change.

          • Brhan

            Hit Nitricc
            You said ‘Eritreans are in Mekele and ruling’.
            Any idea why the Eritrean gov’t denying the above?

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Brother Brhan,

            Even you can ask to him (Nitricc) why is convinced now only? I am waiting to read his reply…

            KS..

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            I am very confident that Eritreans are able to do what is right. I can see, that you are immersed in to the west political and business practices.

            Dear brother Nitricc,

            How could you be so sure about this Nitricc? “very confident that Eritreans are able to do what is right. ”

            I think I can say that Eritrea let down the Eritrean & Ethiopian people in the past. You might find this awkward, and you might also say WT*, but I think I have a valid point to ask a question to ppl of the current government/supporter and the anticipated future GiE of Eritrea.

            I don’t know how to go about this, but I will try to give you a hint at how Eritrea should proceed from here by throwing some confrontational question.

            I can probably say luck of planning. Not undertaking an inclusive forum of all parties with the Eritrean development policy or moving forward has led to the unnecessary war to start & proceed in May 1998( Bademe war). This happened very soon after 30 years of bloodiest war ended.

            Eritrea meant to ensure peace and stability in the region after beating one of Africa’s biggest armies (Derg).

            I believe you would agree if I say history is repeating itself to a certain level.

            I am trying to hint at how Eritrea should proceed from here by throwing some confrontational question.
            1) What do you think is Eritrea’s role and strategy to ensure peace and stability in the region?
            2) How long is Eritrea planning to stay in the Tigray region?
            3) What process and plan in place for Eritrea, to make sure that eight years from now another war doesn’t break out among these two people, like the 1998 war.
            4) Is Eritrea going to take the responsibility of looking after North Ethiopia people? Regardless of what’s going on in the southern region of Ethiopia.
            5) How is Eritrea handling the relationship between Ethiopia and Eritrea government. How long is it going to last? Etc etc….

            Regards,
            Reclaim

          • Dongolo

            Selam Reclaim Abyssinia. You ask how long Eritrea is planning to stay in Eritrea? Ethiopia under the TPLF illegally camped in Eritrea 20+ years. Did you ever raise likewise question to the TPLF?

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Selamat Dongolo,

            My question is 2) How long is Eritrea planning to stay in the Tigray region?
            I think you are referring to the disputed border and boundary. I am not referring to that. I am referring to the presence of Eritrea in Tigray?
            FYI, yes, I have always asked for TPLF to stop attacking Eritrea, and Eritrean; and warn them they have made a wrong choice. I also demanded apology and compensation from Ethiopia to Amici’s people for the good of Ethiopia. I think sooner or later, madam president of Ethiopia have to do that.

            Cheers,
            Reclaim

          • Abi

            Hello Reclaim Abyssinia
            Meles has already apologized for the blunder he made. Eritreans have also reclaimed their properties. I suggest you reclaim your property before you reclaim Abyssinia:)
            Madam President has got nothing to apologize for.
            When are Eritreans going to apologize for the illegal and inhuman deportation of Ethiopians from Eritrea?

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Dear Abi,
            Here’s some enlightenment Friend.

            1) I am not posting personal matter. I am here to discuss national and regional issues and hope someone will address them.
            2)Eritrean reclaimed their property from the good people of Ethiopian (ባላደራዎች). Not things that the banks confiscate, government, and lost; property. Credit to the good people, not to the officials disconnected from people genuine desire.

            3) Are you a spokesperson for madam president? If you are not, please rephrase the statement as an opinion/suggestion. I don’t think you represent … Can you direct me to the doco of the official apology from Meles?

            4) If you haven’t noticed, please see carefully. Abyssinia is in the making, and we are reclaiming
            There is peace in Eritrea.
            Peace will be in Ethiopia.
            Peace coming to Somalia
            Peace will control Yemen.
            There will be peace in Sudan.
            There is peace in Djibouti.
            Peace is in the making, and the name is Abyssinia

            5) “When are Eritreans going to apologise for the illegal and inhuman deportation of Ethiopians from Eritrea?”

            I Don’t think many people agree with your statement (as it’s difficult to see it being practical). Again, I believe the responsibility is mostly on Ethiopia. I know a family deported to Addis and ended up leaving for the USA and died in exile, they are very much missed by their Eritrean friends. They couldn’t even speak Amharic well, but again that family wouldn’t be able to survive in Asmara without their wanted government official father. However, two wrong doesn’t make right.

            I hope people will promote kisses, forgiveness, hugs and apology among themselves in the region than boarders, demarcation, and “Kelel”.
            I also make Dua (ዱዓ) to my Jebha brother and sisters to be accepted and welcomed to their country of birth (እትብታቸው ከተቀበረበት) soon.

            My apology about the long reply.

            With respect,
            Reclaim

          • Abi

            Hello Reclaim Abyssinia
            Thanks for the enlightenment. I’m totally enlightened!!

            I hope your Jebha brother and sisters will be back in Eritrea ( እትብታቸው ከተቀበረበት) soon.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam RA,

            “ I am people first not land First”

            አጽኒዕካ ሓዛ ነዛ ሞጎተ’ዚኣ:: ንመሬት ቀዳምነት ሂቦም: ንህዝብና አዳዳ ሽግርን: ፈቀዶ ዓለም ተበቲኑ: ናይ ዓለም መዛረቢ ገይሮምና እዮም:: ህዝብኻ በቲንካኸ ሃገርካ ከተዕቁብ ይከኣል ድዩ? ናይዝአቶም ነገር ከም ማይ ንዓቀብ ክኸይድ ምፍታን’ዩ:: I hope you know tigrigna well.

            Regard

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Selam Dr Amanuel,
            Thanks for pointing that out, “ I am people first not land First”. I think this is applicable to both Eritrea, & Ethiopia; also the current situation with Sudan. Where is @Hayat Adem
            ብናይሽም ምድሪ: ዝበጸኸ ዘምቢታት:
            ምድሪ ምድሪ ክብሉ እዚዮም ጏንታታት
            ስድራና ፋሕ አቢሎም ፈቀዶ ዓለማት
            ዕድሚና ወዲእና ክንአልይ አዝማድና
            ናይ ዓለም መሳለቂን መዛረቢ ገይሮምና
            ተራኢዮ ዘይውዳእ ገምገም ባህሪ ከሎ ዓዲና
            ካብ ቆሓይቶ ዓስብ ዘይውዳእ ባሕርና
            ቢች ሀውስ ምሃለዎ ንኹሉ ዜጋና (@abi@disqus_OpSl7Ee8sN:disqus )
            መሪጾም ክገፉና: ገዛናን ሩሕ ናይስድራና!

            Regards,
            Reclaim

        • Reclaim Abyssinia

          Hi Nitricc,
          It looks like you have been missed so much by your mates.

          Your statement is a valid concept. But it looks like you missed the point. The intention of wanting to be in politics is to serve, protect our security and way of life. Correct me if I am wrong, but you made it sound like there are many personal benefits or made it sound like there is a conflict of interest with your personal or national support you hold.
          Cheers

          • Nitricc

            you made it sound like there are many personal benefits

            It is just profoundly wrong? Who are you to decide the fate of a nation and people from overseas? When you, I don’t mean you but to whoeverhas the nerve to think that.

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Hi Nitricc, thank you for your polite answer.
            cheers

      • Ismail AA

        Selam Reclaim Abyssinia,

        The idea is to devise a negotiated or worked out entity that will be tasked to implement an national action opposition program geared to get rid of the authoritarian regime in Eritrea. It is not about a kind of this my way and seek the way that suits you business. The matter is far from vetting qualifications of individuals or groups. The buzz word is who will have vested interest in the demise of the repressive order and replacing it with democratic and peace and social harmony cherishing legitimate system. Briefly stated, the intrinsic value at the core of the idea is how to strike the socio-political balance that embraces national unity that can rally the people and resources for breaking the shackles of the oppressive regime.

  • Eritrea, a non-country, an invalid does not need a government. Least of all, one that has no systems and laws in accordance to its current state.

    As I claim in my book, “Duplicitous MindSets”, “Failure + Excuse = Blame”.

    In the failed country of Eritrea, it is evident failure is based in two angles. One being from inside due to the tyranny it encompassed to the extent it feels it is endowed, whilst the more important second element, a thing people to choose not to consider thinking, is the bewildered, negatively established and non-productive old oppositions that try to claim it with no positive perspectives.

    Relying in these insignificant old oppositions, coming up with ideas that it needs “a government in exile” will produce none. Perhaps the tyranny it is under is probably better than the exiled negative entities, as at least, there is one to blame with clear mandates.

    Considering, I claim that Eritrea will have to return to its original state, taking consideration of its culture, practice, religion and mechanisms, it should go back to be part of Ethiopia from which it would have to start, if it is meant to be independent country, given it is progressed in peaceful ways.

    A failed entity, goes by ways of tyranny inside, blaming the west, America, Woyane of Tigray state in Ethiopia and more. On the outside, the failed old oppositions blaming tyranny encompassed inside and more excuses unexplored.
    check https://SeberAngle.wordpress.com

    • Abi

      Selam Yosief Tewolde
      I understand you are proposing that Eritrea should go back to Mama Ethiopia first, and then, try independence one more time in peaceful ways.
      Definitely, coming from a confused, desperate, and ever opportunist kebessa zombie!!
      የተከበሩ አይተ ዮሴፍ
      እምዬ ኢትዮጵያውያ ጥጋብ ልባቸውን ሲያሳብጥባቸው በሩን በርግደው የሚወጡባት : ሳይመቻቸው ሲቀር በመስኮት ሾልከው የሚገቡባት : ቤት አይደለችም::

      Build The Wall!!!

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Yosief,

      You sound a camouflaged messenger of DIA by the virtue of his project. This reminds me the interview of Mesfun Hagos who told us in his interview that DIA asked the politburo what they think if they form a joint government with TPLF. ስለዚ ዮሴፍ ዝሰየሔት ጣይታ ክትቅርበልና አይትፈትን::

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Yosief Tewolde,
      Typical attention seeker in utter distress.

      • saay7

        Hey Ismail:

        The dude is notorious for his “hi….gibberish gibberish gibberish read my book!” posts on social media. It’s the least appetizing way to invite readers to read a book which promises to be even more unreadable than Amanuel Biedemariam’s Sofia Tesfamariamish prose. Ms Karma paid him an early visit in 2021 and his book is de-listed at Amazon and will now be sold at Eritreas “PFDJ community centers”, next to the cold xebhi and warm beer, under a terrible logo with tired slogans.

        Saay

    • Haile S.

      ሰላም ዮሴፍ፡
      ሓደ፡ እንኮ ንስኻ ተረኺብካ፡ ንስቓይ፡ ንመከራ፡ ንስደት፡ ንሞት-ኣብ-መንገዲ፣ እንታይ ክገብራ እየን፡ እንታይ ክበልዓ ክረግጻ፡ ኢሉ ብግልጺ ዝሓስበልን። እቲ ካልእ ገባር-እከይ፡ መልሓሱ ጥዑም እንዳተዛረበ እዩ ዝገብር። ናትካ ሕብእብእ ዘይብላ ስለ ዝኾነት ኦሪጂናለ ኮይና ረኺበያ!
      ወይ ጉድ፡ ወይ ጉድ፡ ኣንቲ እዝኒ
      ጽባሕ እንታይ ኢኺ ከተስምዕኒ?

  • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

    ሰላማት

    ግዝያዊ መንግስቲ ክምስረት
    ትካላት ፍትሒ ክስረት
    ኣብ ወጻኢ ዘለኻ ክተት
    ይበሃል ኣሎ

    መታን
    ኣካያዲ ዲጋ ዓዲ-ሃሎ
    ክዕሎ
    ተዳሎ
    ይብል ኣሎ
    ሰዓይ ዲኻ ትብሎ?
    መስለኒ

    ኣንታ
    ምንሽረይ ዝረኣየ ደሎ?
    መታን ምሳኻ ኣለኹ ክብሎ

    ‘ሞ
    ——በሉ ነዚ ርጡብ ጻውዒት
    ——ክሕይል-ክስስን-ክብርክት
    ——ክኽዕብት
    ——ክንርኢ ሰናይ ውጽኢት
    ማና ይዕሰሎ
    ኣሜን

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear brother MM,

      How do you come with very timely poem?

      “ግዝያዊ መንግስቲ ክምስረት
      ትካላት ፍትሒ ክስረት
      ኣብ ወጻኢ ዘለኻ ክተት
      ይበሃል ኣሎ”

      I read it my be X 10

      KS,,

      • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

        ኮኾባይ
        ጎይታ ጀበና
        መምህረይ ካብ ኮነ
        ሓደን ክልተን ደኣ
        ምባል ዶ ስኢነ!

        ዝኹሉ ምህሮ
        መምህር ዓዋተ ዘካፍሎ
        ሓደ ዕሽሪት ቆብ ከብሎ
        ናይ ግድን ‘ዩ

        ኮኾባይ ኣርቲስታ
        ናይ ሰላምን ግጥምን ጎይታ

        ፍትሓዊት ቅናት ተጠምጢሙ
        ——ንዓዋተ ግርማ ከልብሳ
        ——ሃገርና ሰላም ክስፍና
        ዘበርከተ እጃሙ
        ሓንትን ብልጽትን ‘ያ ሕልሙ
        ካብ ቀደሙ!

        ጋሽ ኣቢ ተቀበል

  • Dongolo

    Hi saay7.
    1) A unity government in exile is not possible (at least at this stage) as it simply would not be trusted as it would certainly be religiously construed and/or have TPLF imbedded connotation.
    2) Focus on the 1994 congressional list does little good in 2021. Please remember that substantial numbers of the EPLF are within the 48-to-65 age group and are far more likely agents of change as are disillusioned mid-upper level (though not most senior level members) of the the current PFDJ.
    3) Current Eritrea ‘opposition’ still not properly organized to hold major donor bodies such as the E.U., U.S., etc; accountable for the unacceptable status quo in Eritrea. For example, Biden’s administration should be hammered on the U.N.’s total failure in regards to Eritrea. As a major funder to the U.N., the U.S. is fully capable of exerting pressure on U.N. specialized agencies working in Eritrea to openly avail shortcomings and of the PIA/PFDJ regime. It is disgusting to continue to see PR coming from the U.N. Resident Coordinators Office in Eritrea on how hunky dory everything is going.
    4) Since he Eritrean opposition in current form is mistrusted, maybe good to consider setting up a ‘neutral’ Eritrean opposition fund that would go towards hiring a major global PR/Communications firm that would be provide/ adhere to a simple PIA/PFDJ attack stratagem with an aim to hold major donor countries accountable for the deplorable status quo in Eritrea. In such a way, ant Eritrean donating money towards such a cause would know exactly how their money would be used.

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Dongolo,

      If I understood you properly, you are trying to say two contradicting things simultaneously. On the one hand, you appear to recognize the dire situation in Eritrea for which you seem to argue that the regime has no responsibility; on the other, you try to block any venue leading to changing that dire situation by any legitimate or bona fide Eritrean opposition that can challenge the regime. In other words, you are trying to sell that the cause of the deplorable conditions in Eritrea should be thrown at the door others such as the UN agencies. So much so that you dare to go as far as outsourcing the legitimate right of the Eritreans to strive and change the regime to some identity and colorless entity – be that Eritrean or otherwise. Who would buy such a flagrantly partisan notion?

      • Dongolo

        Selam Ismail AA. Legitimate Eritrean opposition should by all means challenge the regime. However in this regard, conducting business as usual has little chance of achieving success simply as a result of Ideological and religious (real & simply perceived) divisions. Out of the box thinking and strategizing is clearly warranted. One of the few areas where I will give the TPLF credit, was their frequent utilization of well connected PR/Lobbying firms (I.e. SGR LLC). I am not a supporter of the U.N. (Et al specialized agencies), for I have found its behavior atrocious and reprehensible, especially as it pertains to Eritrea. Nonetheless, the U.N. Is a recognized global entity which if properly manipulated/prodded, can be used to promote the cause of the Eritrean opposition and even to accentuate shortfalls of its donor organs in regards to Eritrea.

        • Ismail AA

          Selam Dongolo,

          Your calm and decent response is highly appreciated. Indeed, no one who understands the anxieties our young nation and its citizen have been enduring is happy with or condones the useless bickerings that has reduced the opposition to a kind of animal herd politics. I agree with you about the loss of focus, which the authoritarian regime has been using to its advantage; and some novelty in doing the opposition business is very much needed. And, I saw Saleh Younis’ proposal in this framework regardless of how it would shape up. Moreover, in general Eritrea and its people have not had justice and fairness serving relation with the UN since its inception, except the referendum of 1993 which our people had imposed through costly struggle.

          The point I tried to drive home to you was that your attention provoking argument to shield the regime from responsibility for the dire situation in Eritrea, and that the cause for that should be sought in shortcomings elsewhere like UN, Woyanes etc. In this way, your line of thinking suggests that Eritrean opposition forces should not challenge the regime in whatever means they can: to the extent that if Eritreans should do it, they should do business through some neutral agency that should behave germane to the regime and the despot at its helm. Ostensibly, thus, your argument attempts guaranteeing continuity and survival of the regime and whatever it represents.

          • Dongolo

            Selam Ismail AA. To the contrary, I do not wish to shield the PIA/PFDJ regime from responsibility for the dire situation in Eritrea for I wish to engage a ‘rationally neutral’ approach in more adeptly expose their shortcomings to the international community, namely major international donor countries, for whom directly & indirectly support the status quo in Eritrea. And, this approach can and should coexist with the normal Eritrean-on-Eritrean opposition approach. The U.N. Is but one body that can be engaged towards this aim. For example, the U.N. Country Management Team (UNCT) in Eritrea cannot even agree on what set of population estimates to use for Eritrea. Donor countries who support U.N. operations in Eritrea should be pressing the UNCT to come up with an agreed population estimate to use for Eritrea that is public knowledge instead for it is of paramount import unity in accurately reporting reporting U.N. Strategic Development Goals. The fact of the matter is that the relationship between the GoE and the UNCT in Eritrea completely lacks transparency and nobody is pressing the UN to come public with major problems that they are facing in their day-to-day relations with the GoE.

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Dongolo,

            Based on our past exchange, it seems that you have a great deal of knowledge and good idea to pressure the UN to take it’s roll and work on behalf of the Eritrean people as suppose to “look away” and stay “quite” at best and “shine the image” at worst.

            I think this is one aspect (as you said) to how to pressure the regime and once we have a plan to how to pressure the regime in all aspects, then people such as yourself who have knowledge in certain area can lead that task force.

            So perhaps what would be helpful, may be put your thoughts together and present your ideas in workable / action driven way.

            I agree, if we break down to individual level the “UN representative in Eritrea” as an example, they are getting paid and they don’t mind keeping quite to keep their jobs and enjoy their stay, and let it pass. I am not suggesting they don’t have a principle but it comes down to, at the end of the day, what is important for their own job security and well being.

            But what you are suggesting is, not totally unreasonable and highlighting to focus on the jobs they were paid to do.

            Berhe

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Dongolo,

            If Eritrea is in a “dire situation” based on your own assessments, then it demand neither a “neutral position” nor does it demand an ambivalent “rationally neutral” individuals to bring the long awaited changes to our suffocated population, for decades.

            Regards

          • Dongolo

            Selam Amanuel Hidrat. What I meant ‘rationally neutral’ approach, is an opposition strategy that would not be perceived as one motivated by religious interests, antiquated ELF vs EPLF war scores, TPLF sympathetic interests, etc.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Dongolo,

            Then edit your statement as “ I wish them to engage………” if you are referring to the oppositions. The word “them” will change the message of your statement.

          • Dongolo

            Selam Amanuel Hidrat. Tx. Edits made.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Dongolo

            Tx ≠ Thx

            In medical field TX is used for treatment.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Selamat Prof. Emma,
            In the signal world can also be a Transmitter 🙂

  • Kaddis

    Selam Saay,

    For the risk of being nosy – I can point one or two point how the Ethiopian opposition got successful.
    The Unitarist EZEMA, Kinijit group and the Federalist Oromo protest –
    The Unitarist EZEMA, Kiniji have invested approx. 90 percent of their resources on convincing foreign interests they are a better alternative to TPLF/EPRDF.
    By foreign interest I mean, the West neoliberals, Eritrea ( and its sponsors the Gulf ( I add Egypt here)
    Now – I strongly believe, they are the real powers leading the election commission, the human rights commission, the attorney general, the president of the courts etc.. for instance, they can overnight sue someone and change the course of the nation
    They are making Abiy do all the dirty works ….will Birhanu settle less than the Presidential position? …let me stop here …
    How do they grab the power? – they never had a large support base locally except a brief moment in 2005 and mostly the Amharic city base.. .but always on the table to negotiate
    How do they stayed relevant? Running ESAT and a strong propaganda within the circles of human rights watch, CPJ etc? they have convinced the West – they are a better alternative to tplf/EPRDF, that their interest will be secured …
    Whether its beneficial to Ethiopia – is another matter. But they have won. 100% on my book
    The Oromo protest – there is nothing you don’t know – except they should have known better trusting Abiy/Opdo while they saw Opdo ‘betrayed’ Tplf big time…there is no way opdo wont betray anyone ( that’s why Isias, Sudan and the Arabs prefer to be present with their army to ensure their promise/ deal is delivered)
    In general – there is lack of discussing geopolitics, including the gulf, articulating their interest and aligning, in this forum or within the (Eri, Ethio) opposition …maybe I am wrong since Awate is almost my only source anything Eri ( used to read Asmarino but its been a while)
    If this doesn’t make sense – don’t bother – take it as I said hi : -)

    • saay7

      Hey Kaddis:

      Always a pleasure to read your perspective!

      I would probably modify your formula for the change in Ethiopia from “the unionist EZEMA, Kinijit group and the Federalist Oromo protest” to add “and the rigid TPLF.”

      It looks like organizations who come to power by shooting their way there always face a choice–reform or die– and they are hard-wired to choose death because they amp up any call for reform to “betraying our martyrs.” I mean, how can you argue with that when people treat to changes of policy as a betrayal of comrades? In the end, they die–whether they are walking dead (like the Castro Syndicate in Cuba, and the Isaias syndicate in Eritrea), or the dying dead (like the TPLF, now waging guerrilla warfare. In 2021. As they did in 1975.)

      I don’t think there is anything nefarious or wrong for EZEMA to tell the West our values are more closely aligned to yours than TPLF is. It is actually accurate, if EZEMA actually believes what it preaches. The Gulf States (and by that I think we should focus only on UAE and Saudi Arabia), I think they are an accident of Trumpist Era, and I am hoping it is a historical anomaly because they are bad news. Egypt’s situation is directly linked to Ethiopia’s muscle flexing on the Nile: if the governments of both countries were directly elected by the people, and governments were actually accountable for the war dead, I doubt they would be as testosterone driven as they are now.

      Speaking of Eritrea, a small country (population-wise) sitting a strategic place, its long-term interest is to have an integrated economy with Ethiopia and Sudan, and polite peace with the rest of the Horn of Africa and nations across the Red Sea. I believe every Eritrean, except the NNNN, know this –but there has not been a platform for Eritreans to express this, and that is one of the reasons for having a government in exile.

      Details to follow.

      saay

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Saay,

        In the current and in the near future (say for instance four decades) of Ethiopian body politics, I don’t foresee a single national party can rally the entire diversified Ethiopian people. Why I am saying, is that, if I am not mistaken, you are hinting EZEMA for which it’s constituents are from the Amara social group could have the possibilities to win election. Reason: their ideological philosophy are closer to the west. The political dynamic of Ethiopia and the current autonomy of the Ethiopian Kilils can not be dictated by the desire of the West. If I misread you, I expect from you more explanation in the details that follows. I also hope your explanation not on what you want, but on what the reality on the ground that bring peaceful landing.

        Regards

        • Abi

          Selam Ato Amanuel
          A tiny correction here
          ኢዜማ የተለያዩ ፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች ስብስብ ሲሆን ሊቀመንበሩ ከጉራጌ ብሄረሰብ ነው::
          እርስዎ እንዳስቀመጡት ኢዜማ የአማራ ድርጅት አይደለም::

        • saay7

          Hi Emma:

          Ah, I think I know where you are going with this. My understanding is, and correct me if I am wrong, no party calling for a unitary state in Ethiopia will have popular acceptance because the consensus in Ethiopia among its political elite is for federated regions.

          I actually think that unlike small Eritrea, for Big Diverse Ethiopia the solution is federalism (not ethnic but regional federalism, with the regions drawn on an ethnic-neutral basis of North South East West.) And I don’t think there is any appetite for a highly centralized Ethiopia anywhere in Ethiopia. What the ezema (Berhanu Nega et al ) people were saying was that under TPLF, Ethiopia has been so focused on the issue of nations and nationalities they encouraged people to forget about this entity this nation state called Ethiopia. That’s a valid critique, when ones ethnicity decided ones fate.

          All these were going to be normal discussions within the political discourse of Ethiopian political opinion until they messed it up with war, (Mad Man Isaiais fingerprints are all over it) taking their country back to the same hell it has always been in: war to forcefully “unify.” All Ethiopian wars in modern times happen when the siren calls of Unitarianism overwhelm the body politic.

          Anyway, the Ethiopians are more than capable to handle that: they still have fearless politicians like Lidetu and Yilkal. We just need to make sure our insane Isaias has nothing to do with it, and while we are at it, that he has nothing to do with anything anymore other than spending the twilight of his miserable years defending himself from counts of crimes against humanity and now war crimes.

          You reap what you sow.

          saay

          • Ismail AA

            Selam saay and Aman H,

            It seems like it is becoming a habit. We are back to the effective of “ask[ing] someone about Eritrea, and it will take them 30 seconds to switch the subject to Ethiopia”.

            In spite of the importance of the impact developments in our immediate neighboring countries can have to us as a nation, Saleh’s initiative to come with timely proposal gave hope to me and to others like me that this time we would reverse gears and focus on our own business.

            It was hoped that the proposal I am referring to carried as intrinsic merit an element of challenging Eritreans, especially the elites among them, that it has become incumbent on every patriotic freedom and liberties loving Eritrea to get involved in the affair of their country whose citizens have been enduring worrisome anxieties about uncertainty the future can have for them in store the midst of gathering tempest. Some of us were looking the matter will attract many formidable opinion makers in this forum. Hence, voicing a concern lest the debate get drifted to side issues such what is going on in our neighborhood.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Ismailo,

            I fully understand your concerns. I think somehow Kaddis gravitated us by bringing some info from the political development in Ethiopia. Though, it is tempting to separate the politics of both countries when the state of Eritrea is fully participating in the the politics of Ethiopia, I will try to restrain from indulging in to the Ethiopian politics.

            Regards

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Aman & saay,

            By all means. Paying attention to what unfolds and transpires in our immediate neighbor is part of our own national security- development imperatives. It is not some sort of academic (broad sense) exercise. We engage with seriously concerned Ethiopian brothers and sisters like Kaddis with genuine mutually beneficial matters in mind. Lest I might have posed as a more concerned than the rest, my point was to keep focus on the important piece on our hand, and try to goad others to engage and broaden the discussion.

          • Woldegabriel Tesfamariam

            Dear Ismael AA,
            I absolutely agree with you!!

          • saay7

            Selamat Ismailo:

            You know the new ሕንቅል ሕንቅሊተይ?

            What do you call 4 individuals passionately discussing Ethiopia?

            Answer: Eritreans.

            😉

            saay

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Merhaba Saay,

            ካብ ሕጂ ኒነው “ሕንቅል-ሕንቂልተይ” እንድሕሪ እልካኒ “ተሰናቢተይ” አይብለካን እየ:: just kidding.

            Regards

          • Abi

            Selam Ato Amanuel
            Please understand that the Abiy worshippers are trying their best helping this website to focus on Eritrean issues.
            They are staying away from this site so that all the focus and attention will be on Eritrean issues.
            Long Live PMAA!!!

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Abo,

            Let him (Dr.Aman) give you the proper reply. But I am also concerned..

            I also noted the difference and noted too.What are you saying is not true. Check back from which day are away those supporters are …..

            I wish what you said is true..what I am concerned is I have been happy with all of you..All participants including you I hope all will come back.

            KS,,

          • Abi

            Kokobe
            It is time Eritreans discuss Eritrean issues with undivided attention. I was expecting the front page article to attract majority of Eritreans to discuss the merits of this article. It has been a while since I read an interesting article like this one in this forum. Unfortunately and as expected, the discussion is about Ethiopia, Abiy, Amhara…. Nothing changed except the Ethiopians are not participating.
            Apparently, only Ethiopian issues bring Eritreans together.
            “ዞሮ ዞሮ ከቤት” መሆኑ ነው?

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Abo,

            I still want to see Horizon and others to discus on this issue. We all had to talk about this article as we have been discussing about Ethiopian internal issue as you know it. But if you notice back.all was about this university call awate community. The most advanced and to inform,inspire,embolden,and reconcile. Better than other sites..

            KS,,.

          • Kaddis

            My bad Gash Ismail – )
            I wanted to point what worked for the oppositions in Ethiopia and wanted to broaden your focus to talk about the deal makers of the horn. Awate is so matured and tempting to stay quite I must admit – )
            Best wishes

          • saay7

            Selamat Kaddis:

            Whoa, Nelly! I don’t think any Awate administrator or moderator, I don’t even think Ismail is asking Ethiopians to stop talking about Ethiopia. I don’t even think anyone is asking Eritreans to stop talking about Ethiopia at this Regional University. We are only asking that people stop doing that excessively and consuming the entire platform. I, for one, would love to hear from you more often: it would be a change from the monotone of June Tah, July Tah (from Abiyist) and Victory Is Near empty boasting (from the TPLFites.)

            Speaking for myself, of course.

            saay

          • Ismail AA

            Dear Kaddis,

            The intention was not at all to complain about discussing and paying attention to developments in Ethiopia. As a matter of fact Awate.com forum is, and has been, home to all of us -Eritreans and Ethiopians with sincere desire to other nationals in our region like Djibouti to Sudan. Perhaps, you might have been for so long to have noted that I, personally, do have more to say and write more about Ethiopia (due to background of schooling) than other countries in the African Horn region. I always lament absence of participants like Amde and yourself whenever you are missed. My point was limited to keeping focus on the important issue Saleh had tabled.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Saay,

            Thank you for making your view clear for me. Let me add few points to your well grounded opinion. As a matter of fact Federalism structured on regions is a “harmonizing system” and a solution for diversified and “harmonized society”. Now if we focus on (a) a harmonizing system (b) a harmonized society as key factors to determine as to wether “Regional Federalism” is applicable to the reality of Ethiopia, then I will say astoundingly No. Because (a) the social groups who are at each other’s throat to the extent of ethnic cleansing (b) social groups who have deep hate and grievances at each other, regional federalism is indeed unrealistic at this point of their history. It asks a considerable of time of cooling being administered under the current “Federal system” with some amendments in their current constitution (a) on devising a clear distinction on the power of the states and the central government (a) removing the clause “ self determination up to secession” in the constitution to emphasize unity in diversity.

            At this point they have tasted the autonomy of governing themselves under the current system. You can’t take away from a child once you entertain him with something he loves to enjoy it. And therefore, until they create “favorable conditions” for regional federalism – conditions (a) subsiding their hate of each other (b) establishing their interdependence and understanding their interrelation for living together (c) developing mutual respect for the hostile social groups who are at each other’s throat. Without these political conditions, Regional Federalism is not practical.

            Second, Lidetu is a savvy Ethiopian politician, that I saw after the pragmatic politician Meles Zenawi.

            Regards

      • Kaddis

        Selam Saay

        Yes, the rigidity of TPLF, paranoia to be exact, is what brought 2018, tplf pushed out. Not allowing a single formidable entity ( not a single CSO or party or media, even government body) to function, like rejecting personalities like Lencho Letta who risked to fly in to Addis by himself and its endless violent response to any opposition left tplf itself, and tigray by extension, with no entity to get protection. Not even a single open lobby when attacked by multiple forces. I am not sure if they could avoid the November war ( cancelling election some say, I say I don’t think so) since the preparation by Isias ( for 20 years, partnering with G7 ESAT propaganda to justify the current war for the last + 10 years ) and Abiy for 3 years was uninterrupted. It takes a lot of closer look including የሽምግልና efforts by Haile G/Selassie etc interviews ….to be certain.

        However – you can see the parallels in Somalia with Isias mentorship, election ignored wasting 4 years of time to prepare and now servicing ciaos. Tigray war was inevitable the day Isias came to the seen.

        I am also okay with EZEMA if they play in the open rather than using the government power ( like Ehapa and Meison times ) to get rid of their opponents violently and using legal tricks to repeat the cycle of TPLF’s mistakes; alienating the federalist, identity based, powers and dominate with Unionist ideals. Like your reply to Gash Aman below this is taking Ethiopia back to the wars of the 70s and 80s. Another down side of relying on almost exclusively on foreign support is, eg. Ezema is tight-lipped on the expansions of wars, involvement of Isiais army, the Gulf politics etc… lets see if they will manage to translate their external support to internal.

        I also hope the gulf sudden and violent pivot to the horn is relieved by US designing a proper horn policy ( special envoy good sign) which was non-existent during Trump; rather we were outsourced. Look forward to read the details of your plans and encourage you to use the momentum as the West ( more clearly Europe ) seems to look for alternative voices in Eritrea that can be engaged in some sort of multilateral space. Go for it.

        • Mez

          Good day Kadis,

          Please make no mistake; TPLF pushed out itself from the political game. No one else’s fault; it is squarely their own fault.

          Thanks

  • Simon Kaleab

    Selam,

    BLM and Antifa protesters took to the streets in the nation’s capital, D.C., Saturday night. A video posted by independent videographer Brendan Gutenschwager shows the marchers moving through what appears to be a residential neighborhood chanting, “If we don’t get it, burn it down.”

    https://www.breitbart.com/law-and-order/2021/02/07/blm-antifa-protesters-chant-burn-it-down-during-march-through-nations-capital/

    • Dongolo

      Selam Simon Kaleab. It is absolutely crazy what BLM and Antifa get away with; double standards glaringly visible.

  • Simon Kaleab

    Selam Saay,

    This is a well meaning article.

    But, what is the root cause of lack of unity among the opposition?

    • saay7

      Selamat Simon:

      The root cause of the lack of unity among Eritrean opposition is the same among every opposition in the world: divergent world view, loss of confidence in leadership, evolving views, etc. My view now is it’s less useful to analyze it and pressure it to unify, because history shows the minute the pressure is lifted it un-unifies.

      Our focus, I argue, should be to help create a platform for them to work together as equals without forcing them to give them their identity. But, we also need to raise the barriers to entry so that no two-man crew, no disgruntled chieftain can claim to be a party at parity with our great historical ones.

      saay

  • Semere Tesfai

    1. – “This author had argued before that the solution is a “democratic coup”: meaning, for the ruling party to reset itself and set the country on a path to democracy. [But, but, but……]…… It is important that the [newly formed] EPLF Central Committee [in exile] know that it cannot do anything on its own. Therefore, its resolutions must be opposition-friendly. What that means is part of the agenda of the Organizational Congress must be to study and evaluate the blueprints that have been issued by various political organizations over the last 20 years (leave the arrogance to the PFDJ at home) and arrive at decisions with the assumption that it will be forming a United Front with the other groups. In a land ravaged by Isaias Afwerki’s sadism and a pandemic….. it is time that

    A. – The Eritrean Diaspora assume more of the responsibility

    B. – For a Unity Government in Exile

    C. – This must be pursued with a sense of urgency

    D. – It must be started and finished before May 24, 2021: Eritrea’s 30 anniversary of Independence “

    Wow! Few points here:

    A. – Please, please, please leave the Whiteman along. The Whiteman has enough problems on its plate – China, Russia, Iran, North Korea, COVID-19, sluggish economy, double digit unemployment………….. The last thing the Whiteman needs at this time is another Regime Change Project

    B. – I know the Whiteman is known for recruiting and gathering vindictive losers, disgruntled sellouts, traitors, and opportunists from the streets of London, Paris, NY, DC………. and introduce them and market them to the world as an “Interim Government in Exile”. Case in point: Mustafa Abdul Jilil’s Libya’s Interim Government inexile, Ahmed Chalabi’s Iraqi Interim Government in exile, Hamid Karzai’s Afghan Interim Authority in exile, Juan Gerardo’s Venezuelan Interim Government in exile, Aung San Suu Kyi of Myanmar……. But, but, but Eritrea is not Libya, Iraq, Afghanistan, Venezuela, Myanmar in terms of strategic importance and natural resources. Besides, the Whiteman been paying for your (opposition) travel hotel lounge to Ethiopia, London, German, US cities, Kenya…….. for twenty long years. What more do you need – short of invading and occupying the country – which is not going to be “pursued with a sense of urgency” for the reasons mentioned above.

    2. – “It is important that the [Christian] EPLF Central Committee [in exile] know that it cannot do anything on its own. Therefore, its resolutions must be [Muslim] opposition-friendly. What that means is part of the agenda of the Organizational Congress must be to study and evaluate the blueprints that have been issued by various political organizations over the last 20 years (leave the [bigoted] arrogance to the PFDJ at home) and arrive at decisions with the assumption that it will be forming a United Front with the other [Muslim] groups.”

    Saleh, Saleh Saleh: the more you say the more………….. Anyway…….
    If that’s the case ….. EPLF = Christians and ELF = Muslims, and if you don’t have much confidence about the EPLFits in the Diaspora to do the right thing, then why don’t the “other groups” deal directly with the other arrogant bigots at home? I suppose urgent that the call of duty is, it would’ve been easier and faster; wouldn’t it be?

    3. – On a lighter note, let me share with you a little of my experience with regards to the concept of “forming a government in exile”. In August 1976, after he spent a year with his family in Sweden (frozen by ELF leaders), Hirui Tedlla Bairu came to the Eritrean Field with ማይ ዘጠዓመ brand new political proposal on a piece of paper. And a copy of Hirui’s proposal was given to my department in order, the senior and junior political cadres of the department to evaluate the merit/demerit of his proposal. Well, Hirui came one night to our department and started explaining his proposal. We asked him simple straightforward questions: Who will recognize our government in exile? Who will open the doors of OAU (AU), UN, SC for us? Whose government official recognition would we get by announcing “a government in exile”? Who will give legitimacy to the Eritrean Government in exile? – the Eritrean people or some foreign powers? If foreign powers then who? And he didn’t had any substantive coherent answer.

    Now let me ask you a question assuming you’ve better answer than my Hurui experience. In your opinion:

    A. – Who gives legitimacy for any given Eritrean government – the Eritrean people or some foreign powers? If foreign powers then who?

    B. – Why is it so urgent – that “it must be pursued with a sense of urgency: it must be started and finished before May 24, 2021: Eritrea’s 30 anniversary of Independence”?

    C. – If this Unity Government in exile doesn’t happen before May 24, 2021, then what happens? Will Eritrea and Eritreans cease to exist?

    Semere Tesfai

    • saay7

      Hey Semere:

      Ah, now I see why you “quote” people in long blocks: all the more reason to insert words the author did not say (Christian, Muslim): your single obsession in Eritrean politics, when you are not defending people who committed crimes against humanity.

      That is not debate in good faith so: ይርዳእካ my brother.

      saay

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Semere Tesfai,

      Aside from the by now quite familiar fixation of your Christian/Muslim; Kebesaa/MetaHt ; majority/minority state of mind, the short answers to your questions are:
      # 1 – Of course the Eritrean people; foreign powers support or desist from supporting in accordance to interests;
      # 2 – You should know the answer, unless you are in search of some intelligence related hint.
      # – Nothing will happen, except that the suffering of our people will further exasperate. What will happen is people like the author would embark on looking at other alternatives.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Semere Tesfay,

      Before Saay gets back to you on his proposal, let me try to answer to your simple questions you asked him at the end of your comment.

      (A) the recognition of the “Eritrean people” and the “international communities” are very important for the success of “government of national unity in exile.” You need recognition from both. The objectives are (1) to establish an alternative government to the current criminal PFDJ government (2) to garner recognition in the international stage to harvest political and material help.

      (B) The sense of urgency of the matter is to save the lives of our people from the grip of the beast and its Necropolitics.

      (C) If the “Unity government in Exile” could not happen within the timeline of the author, it means the process demands more time to happen, and therefore, extend the time period as required. Eritrea as sovereign nation will continue to exist, if we foil the conspiracy of the despot – the criminal you never have failed to defend.

      Regards

  • Woldegabriel Tesfamariam

    Selam Saay,

    Shortcuts are not desirable, but could at times, be indespensable. I had a nagging instinct that your proposal was meant to provoke a debate due to our persistent lack of radical, creative and dynamic responses.
    There are many caveats to your proposal. On the other hand, we haven’t come up with a viable alternative course of action that could stop the systematic decimation of our country and people. Do you think that both ELF and EPLF leaders could break the old ” gedli mentality” and share power with the people? How could any initiative that doesn’t embrace a large segment of the population, namely the young, could succeed? Don’t you think circumscribing any initiative to a handful selected group would create more divisions than enhancing unity? There could be genuine Eritreans within these groups who could lead the transitional unity government. Shouldn’t this government come out of a broader discourse? Since timing is the essence, I fully agree with your timeframe.

  • Reclaim Abyssinia

    Selamat Dear Awate Community,

    It has been such a long time since I posted on your discussion board, and I am sure I haven’t been missed much :).

    As you all know, it has been a hectic time for our region in the last 100 days or so. The recent Negaret youtube video brought back my interest to Awate and got my undivided attention.

    I am dropping by your site to ask a question. My question is whether the Eritrean troops should stay or leave Tigray during this disastrous time?

    I personally strongly believe that Tigrayan activist should be happy with the Eritrean troops to stay in the Tigray region until the region get their act together. But, I am not sure if the Eritrean opposition group agree with this idea or oppose.

    In my opinion, many people in northern Tigray are of Eritrean origin. Places like Adigrate and Enticho(እንካ ጨው) have many Saho’s and Tigrigna people from generations, and this should be given some consideration to all the patriotic people out there.

    I think the Eritrean government should look after the Northern Tigrayan people, and any aid should be allowed to enter the region through Eritrea.

    I somehow believe Eritrean diaspora meant to be asking Eritrean government to allow for food Aid to enter through Eritrea without any delay, instead of playing it politics.

    Hope to hear your opinions on this matter.

    Regards,
    Reclaim

    • Berhe Y

      Dear Reclaim,

      I think if the relationship is based on good neighbourly people, there is no reason Eritreans will not extend the helping hands. It doesn’t even matter if the people share ethnicity, religion or what ever, it’s the right thing to do.

      I can tell you there isn’t any Eritrean who wants to see the Tigray people or Ethiopian people suffer, not before, not now and not in the future.

      The problem I think it’s all stemming from, Abisinia, Agazian, andinet, Tigray-Tigrinya, qolqal that seems to either come from those Tigray elite, or those Eritreans who are divided hearts.

      Even Isayas Afeworki, as cruel as he has been to the Eritrean people, he has never done / inflict harm against Tigray or Ethiopian people for that matter. You can look at his 50 plus years records to make your own judgement.

      Having said that, if Eritrea is not allowing aid, it may be there is something the Isayas / Abiy government wants to hide.

      Berhe

      • Reclaim Abyssinia

        Dear Berhe Y, Thank you for your response.

        I hope this time there will be an excellent neighbouring relationship.

        I agree that no Eritrean that I know of want to hurt Tigray’s people in any way. Even most of the Amici’s. On your other paragraph, I do not know any Eritrean with ‘divided hearts’ so far.

        From what I hear on the news, I think Eritrea will have a new boarder map for a few years ahead of us.
        I hope this will not look like provocative, but I think as long as people’s welfare is looked after, everything should be ok if Eritrea is not attempting to go further south.

        https://ibb.co/wzrjCBW

        Cheers,
        Reclaim

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Reclaim,

          “ no Eritrean that I know want to hurt Tigray people any way.”

          You can’t be sure about this statement, for the accounts of Tigray people on the ground contradicts to your statement.

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Selamat, Amanuel,
            Yes, I can not be sure about my statement;

            This shouldn’t be interpreted as in a scientific research way. It’s more like referring to the people surrounds me, than being particular about it.

            What’s on the ground is undoubtedly ugly!

            It is the ugly side of a war. War by its nature is devastating. I haven’t seen a war that doesn’t have a catastrophic effect on people.

            That is the reason nations and responsible body should avoid war by any means necessary.
            I need to stop here. Who am I kidding? Lecturing Eritrean, Tigray, Ethiopian about war?

            Can I call it ‘Inherently act of choice?’
            Thanks,
            Reclaim

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Reclaim,

            Yes indeed “war is an act of choice”. But there are always justifiable and unjustifiable wars. Our war of independence is one of the justifiable choices. The current war in Ethiopia is one of the unjustifiable war choices, and worse of it, it is a war of ethnic cleansing.

            Regards

        • Berhe Y

          Dear Reclaim,

          I am glad you feel that way and hopefully with time, some change of government in Eritrea, I hope we will be able to heal. I don’t think Eritrea has any ambition to control land that does not belong to her (Even IA has been consistent on this stand) and there is no Eritrean who would want otherwise. By this I mean, if it makes a lot of sense, any things can be resolved with negotiations and open boarders that does not harm the well being of the people, for example the boarder with Sudan / Eritrea (it’s meaningless) and I hope to see a day like that with Ethiopia/ Tigray.

          I can tell you there are few Eritreans who appear in the media such as Tigray Media house, Assena TV or other many franchise who are fueling the hate, in the name of speaking on behalf of the Tigray people. For example, Yosief Ghebrehiwet is one of them, who has the divided heart. Advocating for the well being of of Tigray people, calling for Eritrean government to withdraw and not interfere is one thing, but to accuse blindly of all the crimes and put the blame on Eritrea is creating future proof hate and revenge. I am not saying there isn’t any truth at all, but until everything is verified and confirmed it’s hard to accept it as facts.

          Personally I think, the call should be directed primary on the government of Ethiopia and the Abiy government should be held responsible.

          I am so glad to learn from some of the notable activist from Tigray, they are telling them to “shut up and mind their own business”. They are telling them, they are creating and fueling hate towards the Eritrean people, who for good of bad they have to live as neighbors one way or another. By the way, this also goes to other way, for those Eritreans who should mind their own business but they are fueling the hate day and night on behalf of Ethiopian people.

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Dear Berhe,
            You’ve got it all covered. This is brilliant.. you also covered both the Old/New mindset. I believe a new ‘Mindset’ is required to address emerging needs.

            Old Mindset:- “Eritrea has any ambition to control land that does not belong to her.”

            New Mindset:- “open borders that does not harm the well being of the people.”

            Cheers,
            Reclaim

  • Simon Kaleab

    Selam,

    A series of 12 political cartoons:

    https://www.foxnews.com/politics/cartoons-slideshow

    • Ayneta

      Simon:

      Your source is Fox? Fox is the worse version of Eri-TV. Nothing true comes out of it. It may be the the reason for the eventual downfall of the US as we know it.

      • Simon Kaleab

        Ayneta,

        You said, everything Fox News says is false.

        In this case, can you pick out one of the cartoons and demonstrate its falsehood?

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam Abu Salah,

    Despite I welcomed to your well meaning proposal, allow me to give my own appraisal to it, hoping to improve to its overall application in the Eritrean body politics. As a clinical observer by training and as a practitioner in the Eritrean body politics for decades, I will use both experiences to evaluate the “content” and “intent” of your “loosely packaged proposal.” Loosely, because of the amorphous nature of Eritrean politics (No fault on your side). Why did I want to see your proposal clinically? because you are looking a “remedy” to the sick Eritrean body politics. Why did I want to see your proposal politically? because you tried to find a “structural solution” to the Eritrean body politics. That is why you deserve appreciation to your attempt.

    Content & Intent of the Proposal:-

    CONTENT: As the title depict – is to form “Unity government in exile” and how it should be structured. You also foresee only two viable parties from past political organizations, namely the EPLF and ELF.

    INTENT: to reconstitute the various EPLFites entities and unities who oppose the PFDJ party into one viable party, irrespective their current alliances and their merger with other political entities; In the process to form a “Unity Government in Exile” with the other non-EPLFites, namely the ELFites.

    My Appraisal:-

    As I have stated above, I will try to approach clinically and politically to see the essence of your proposal. To elaborate my point, I will recall and take you back in 1976. Myself and a close colleague of mine, who were identified as proponent of unity, discussed on the issue of unity of the two Orgs and came up with a topic ” how organizations could split and merges together.” We brought this topic for debate to an orientation of “social-worker-trianees” in the department of social affairs. It was during the splitting of ELF-PF (Hizbawi Hailetat) into two organizations. It was a hot debate of full emotions. The role of us (me and my colleague) was to flash out the causes of the splits in the process to identify the merits and demerits of the splitting, and suggest the possible remedy to it. In the second day before we bring our suggestion to thee floor, we were told to stop it from the head of the department.

    My point from the story is, unless we assess the existing organizations and their political behaviors it is difficult to prescribe a remedy to their malaise. This is not to discourage to you and your proposal but to alert you and your readers, that if in case your proposal does not work or does not mimic an appetite to the stakeholders, it means there were prerequisites to your well meaningful proposal to clear the ground for it.

    second, I agree the Eritrean body politics to have only two political parties. But the way how they evolve in to two parties should take its natural process of evolving and merging along two ideological philosophies. Constituting the old front members in to their respective parties might not bring a healthy political atmosphere to the Eritrean body politics. Think about it.

    Third, your proposal didn’t take in to consideration the great majority of our youth who are not part of the two political culture, who in fact , are considered the receivers of the torch to lead and build future Eritrea.

    Fourth, the time line to finish this grand project before May 24, 2021 is extremely short. The time frame, let alone to finish the whole process of the project, it is not even enough to debate on it and to come to a “conceptual agreement” to turn it in to practical solution

    PIONTS OF HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM THE PROPOSAL:-

    1 – The grand project “Unity Government In Exile”.
    2 – Merging the various political entity in to two viable political parties.
    3 – The urgency on the need of the issue he brought up.
    4 – The author’s indefatigable effort in search of solutions.

    Saay: great job with some amendments going forward with it,.

    With great respect.
    Amnanuel Hidrat

    • saay7

      Selamat Emma:

      That areas we agree on are so many that I will focus on the areas we disagree on, in no particular order:

      1. Time: we are in early February and I am proposing the project be done in late May. That is almost 4 months. As you know better than me, the most time-consuming part of convening organizational congresses is the preparatory committee identifying who the invitees are, what the agenda is, what papers to present and the logistics. I believe I addressed all in the brief essay.

      Yes these organizations have a history of going at slow pace (constantly rescheduling congresses), but the information I have is that there is no time based on the internal Eritrean dynamics (a most proud people telling anyone listening that they are starving; an out of control COVID19 exasperated by the stupid war resulting in shutting down or Orota Hospital) and the regional (not only the Ethiopian civil war but Sudan’s appetite for war: they are now in the outskirts of Gonder) and the like-clock-work stupidity of Isaias who will only make things worse. So the time cannot he adjusted although everything else could.

      2. Youth: I was genuinely and pleasantly surprised by the reception to the article including from our youth who hosted a reading and discussion forum for it. Other Eritreans much too young to remember ELF or EPLF are thinking along the same lines. The idea itself is not new: Herui T Bairou and Adhanom have proposed it. What’s new now is the state Eritrea finds itself in and the ruling regimes total refusal to undertake any reforms.

      3. The purpose of EPLF and ELF is that (a) mainstream Eritreans consider both as legitimate and authentic grassroots orgs, (b) if done right, the idea of each congress is to elect its leadership from a congress which is one of the few means to get legitimacy. Yes there are many who consider both orgs historical relics and not their homes. This is fine because they will either have to be fellow travelers of one or the other or truly describe what they are: civil society. Those who choose to be a political party vying for power will have to have their own congress, elect their own leadership and ask acceptance from the Eritrean people. The days of the two man organizations should be relegated to an odd period in our history. In any event, by definition a “unity gov” is temporary and transitional in nature.

      Thanks Emma! And I am grateful for your service to Eritrea.

      saay

      • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

        Hi Saay,
        What’s blocking you from setting up this government in exile? You have so much advantage over many of the relatively known Eritrean politicians and you [and all of us] have higher probability to succeed [I know, I know, [ኣፈይ ይስዓር].
        You have so many followers [directly proportional to be chosen] and you have no ሕማቕ ታሪኽ to worry. Done!
        A piece of advice: when you set up the team around you, make sure to consider these:
        1. Your VP need to be ሳምራዊት ወይ ሳይሞን ወይ ስላስ ወይ ሳሮን. No ስዒዳ or ሰሚራ ኮታ [መኒኻ ትብሎ ‘ዶ መሲለ?]። This will shut up the Qannon people.
        2. ካርታ ኤረትራ ኣጽንዕ። ካብ ኩሉ ኩርናዓት ተወከልቲ ክትመዝዝ is hard requirement. Complainers will be out of excuse.

        3. Learn to use simple words and statements [they don’t have to make sense]. Why do you think ~50% of them love Trump. They can understand nonsense. Eliminate elite words.
        4. ባንዴራ ምጉልባብ is optional
        5. Doesn’t hurt to eliminate some words like ሓርነት/ፍትሒ/ግንባር/etc. from the ግዝያዊ መንግስቲ ዝትከል for now. This will be inclusive to the people who are fed up with it[ specially young ones]
        My 2 cents.

        • Kokhob Selam

          Dear MM.

          Yes I agree with you in all except in the bellow one.
          “1. Your VP need to be ሳምራዊት ወይ ሳይሞን ወይ ስላስ ወይ ሳሮን. No ስዒዳ or ሰሚራ ኮታ [መኒኻ ትብሎ ‘ዶ መሲለ?]። This will shut up the Qannon people.”

          It just early to say so since we had time. and it is not possible to finalize it.

          Say7 is sharp and very professional. I am sure he will come with more advanced proposal by reading our comments and ideas including yours. He has understand words unlike trump and even others American leaders like that Biden to be honest with you.

          I am optimistic form him now everything will be fixed.

          KS

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ሰላማት ኮኾባይ, ዓቢ ሰብ!
            ገሊኡስ ከም መማቕርቲ [ጨው: ዘይቲ: ኮሚደረ: መሰልቲ] ጌርካ ውስዶ 🙂

        • Ayneta

          Merhaba MM:

          That was hilarious, but at the same time true. SAAy has my vote should he decide to run.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Thanks, ዓይነታ!
            You see, your huge followers are now going to vote for Saay [per your endorsement]!

  • Ayneta

    Merhaba Awate and SAAY:

    The new Biden administration may be an asset in this endeavor to mold an alternative government in exile. The US embassy in Asmara has openly called for withdrawal of Eritreans troops from Tigray. Judging from past behavior of the regime, I don’t expect it to comply with this request which will likely lead to to erosion of relations between the two countries which may be exploited by the newly proposed government in exile to cement their needs and avail itself as an alternative.

    Speaking of letting former EPLFers take the lead to form a government in exile salvage, where is the-one-and-only-one Mahmmuday? It has been some time since I saw him here at Awate. I had disagreements with him about certain issues, but he had impressed me as a fair guy though he got increasingly irate when he was challenged on his ill-grounded support for the regime at end of his time here. His latest commentary on Mezerem.net was truly well balanced and authentic. I hope he comes back and share his thoughts about this particular topic given his background as an ex EPLF fighter.

  • Haile S.

    Selam Awate people

    SaaY, thank you for targeting ዝሰረተ ውግእ ሓድሕድ!

    ንዑ ኤርትራውያን ሓዲኡ ንግበሮ
    ነዚ ውግእ-ሓድሕድ ዝበሃል በሰሮ
    ንህረሞ ብርከ-ብርኪ እግረ-እግሪ ኩሪኹሮ

    ፊደል ዝቆጸረ ዘይቆጸረ ገይሩና ደንቆሮ
    መሳርሒ ዘይብልና ብዘይካ ጎሮሮ
    ዝበርህ ሽምዓ ውሽጢ ዕትሮ

    ነባር ተጋደልቲ፡ ፍሽኽ በሉ ፍትሕዎ ይትረፍኩም ግንባረ-ዕጣሮ
    ዝተኣስረ ገጽ፡ ዝተኾርመየ መንኩብ፡ ንርኣዪን ሰማዒን የደናግሮ
    ንኣያ ኣብ ክንዲ ኣርኣያ መቑረጽ ተስፋ ይገብሮ
    ሕሰብሉ ሓዲሽ ትውልዲ ዝር’ከቦ ተውርስዎ ዝምሃሮ
    ዛንታ ባእስኹም ይኹን መላገቢ፡ ኣብ ክንዲ በሎ ዓጽሙ-ስበሮ

    ንዑ ሐሒዝኩም ነናይ ባዕልኹም ጭዃሮ
    ነዚ ዘይተዃዕተ መሬት ክንፍሕጥሮ
    ንውግእ-ሓድሕድ ንሓዋሩ ክንቀብሮ
    ኣጎድጒድ ኣቢልና ልዕሊ 5 ሜትሮ

    ኣሸጊሩና እንዳተንስአ ካብ ፈቐዶ ጎቦ ስንጭሮ
    ስለ ዘይስኣነ ብሕነ ሕንሕነ ዝጉዝጎዞ ዘፍቅሮ
    በጃኹም ዝሓንጸጽናዮ ተመሊሽና ኣይንጻሕትሮ

    ንዑ ምጹ ሒዝኩም ዝከኣለኩሞ ናይ ሓሳብ ዕታሮ
    ዘዘምጻእናዮ መታን ጥዒምና ከነስተማቕሮ
    ብዙሕ ሓዊ ኣይተህርምዎ ካየሕርሮ
    ሱር ወዲ ሱር ኣይተብዝሑ ካየዐርዕሮ
    ጦቕ ትርር ዝበለ ግና ምቁር ከም ዘይቅዓነ ሽሮ
    ኣብ ክንዲ ብጓሂ፡ ብታሕጓስ ክትስንብድ፡ እዛ ወይዘሮ
    French Goddess ትበሃል Marianne፡ ናህና ንስመያ መዓሮ

  • Berhe Y

    Dear Saay,

    Thank you for your article. I was suppose to come back to you and Beyan last time around but have not, sorry. I don’t think it’s that important as I was going to ask you and Beyan and others what is that we should do for us Eritreans.

    It seemed that you are already far ahead as usual and come up with this article. It’s a great idea and I always like what you propose.

    One thing I can say is, you gave very short but achievable time lines and instead of leaving for the EPLF to organize, if it would make sense to pick up the phone a couple of those G-15 or other notable members to read your article (if they haven’t already) and give it a try.

    This will defiantly clear a lot of air at at least in principle we have people with similar vision. Even though I think the whole EPDP was for that type of exercise but there was a lot of distraction in the way, which I hope we had learned a lot from.

    I also think the opportunity of succeeding this time is better, considering where things stand with regards to the call / pressure the Eritrean government is facing for it’s involvement. I believe the western countries would defiantly see an alternative to the current government in a very positive way, I think.

    On a different note, I think the campaign of blame is going to the wrong direction.
    1) First it was Abiy Ahmed and his army against the ethenic Tigray people and tried to framed as an ethenic war (which I did not agree). I don’t think that got much traction and all the sudden I don’t hear much about that. If that was the objective, how has that changed right now.

    2) Now it seemed that it has shifted the blame towards Eritrea/ Isayas government and responsible for all the things that’s going wrong in Tigray. Not only that, they are trying to divide the Eritrean people / army who is doing what, what religion, what region and even what they look like.

    3) I find it really sad, that Eritreans are self admitting and advocating and intensifying the campaign of the blame. By no means I am trying to deny any wrong doings, but I think, those who believe they can speak for Eritrea, are creating a lasting hate and animosity towards the two people. Way long when the regimes are gone, the Tigray people will remember and use the words of the Eritreans to justify what ever actions / reaction they need to take.

    Let’s compare this to what Ethiopia did in Somalia in 2005, in the name of fighting terrorism. They have displaced, burned, destroyed many things and cause a human catastrophe. Have any Ethiopian, any Tigrayan for that matter blamed their own government and people? Where they involved in the campaign of dividing Ethiopian along their ethnic lines, and blame the Tigray people while leaving the Harer people innocent. No I don’t think so, because they blame only the Ethiopian government. Now that the government that was in power is gone, they were able to pick up a good relation ship with government that comes.

    I wanted us to think in the same way and blame the government in Eritrea who is in charge but we should be careful to assign blame on the people who have no control of their own to do anything about it (I am not saying that you have).

    And it’s really, really hurtful to see Tigray Media, Yosief Ghebrehiwet to recieve any praise as they are on the campaign and the primary source of the blame gave and hate inflicting mission.

    Sorry this is not related to your article but I thought I would share what I think….

  • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

    ሰላማት

    ‘ታ መስርሕ ናይ ኢሳይስ
    ሓንትን-ንጽርትን ካብ ሰብዓታት
    እሰር-ቅተል ክኢላታት
    ትቐታሊ
    ድሕሪ ሓጺር እዋን
    ናብ ዝዃዓትካያ ጉድጓድ ምድርጋም
    ከመይ ደኣ!

    ሃንዳሲ ‘ቲ መስርሕ ሓደ
    ተዋሳእቲ ይጠፍኡ በብሓደ
    ስለዚ ‘ዩ በሊሕ-ሰብ ዝወሓደ
    ኣበይ ክርደኦም ሰብ ዕደ!

    ትጌጋና
    ንጉስ-ኢሳይስ ስለዘይበልና
    ስደት ኴኑ ናብራና

    Virtual መንግስቲ ኣብ ወጻኢ
    ሕራይ!
    ግን… ግን የ ‘ደልኩ
    ድሮ ‘ኳ ተትኺሉ ‘ዩ
    ብኦሮሞ ዋላ ‘ምሓራይ

    ተዘይሰሚዕኩም frequency ቀይሩ
    “ኣማይሮን ቶኮ ማይ ጀልከባ ረድየቱ ኢትዮጵያ”
    ካብ በሉ
    ዓሰብ ‘ዩ መዓስከርና ካብ በሉ
    ህግደፍ 2.0 ደኣሞ ናበይ ‘ዮም ከብሉ?

  • Some communist guy

    Dear Saleh,
    What a proposal ! You know what? Let’s go for it.

    For the sake of precision:
    27 is dead (Witchu)
    49 is dead (Musa Rab’a)

    And you forgot five members of the CC:

    Yusuf Sayiqh
    Yusuf Sayiqh (2)
    Zahra Jaber

    Zemhret Yohannes

    Zemzem Abdella

    I know the name “Yusuf Sayiqh” appears twice but the 75-members’ list i have is an official ERIGOV document (1994).
    Except for Yusuf Sayiqh (2), all the others are barely active in Asmara, namely in :
    – PFDJ Central Zone branch

    -Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    -PFDJ Research and Documentation
    -NUEW

    Best regards

    • saay7

      Hello you commie guy you:

      All the formatting errors are mine, not the publishers. Basically, I published the article in two places and the table formatting did not carry through.

      The bold color is supposed to represent everyone who is not in active service of PFDJ either because they are dead, exiled, imprisoned or frozen. It is a damning testimony to the hollowness of the org and its toxic culture of exclusion and retribution to anyone who doesn’t “yes sir” Isaias 100% of the time. An institution that accuses so many of its own members of being traitors and quislings is a cult, not a political organization.

      On the 75th, I have received a tip that the missing individual is Ibrahim Totil, which makes sense for many reasons.

      saay

      PS: For all who are interested, young Eritrean activists are having a discussion on the article at Clubhouse today at 6:00 EST (3:00 PST) today. Clubhouse is an audio social media… I only heard about it last week myself when Elon Musk was interviewing the CEO of RobinHood (the investment house) as it relates to the Game Stop stock wars of populists vs shorters. When I asked more about Clubhouse, a young Eritrean activist told me “Africans dominate the platform, but the Horners [Horn of Africa] usually embarass themselves because we are so toxic lord of infighting. But the discussion of your article should be solid.”

      Phew! I hope our tortoises will adjust their pace!

      • Some communist guy

        Dear Saleh,

        I can only concurr with the following quote: “An institution that accuses so many of its own members of being traitors and quislings is a cult, not a political organization.”

        The ELF and EPLF were political organizations, the PFDJ was meant to become something devoted to Isaias. (Something I find quite sad is that many current or dissolved opposition parties are/were also following the same pattern).

        Best regards,

        the “commie”

        (PS: You using the expression “commie” displays how yankee you’ve become 😀 )

  • Ayneta

    Merhaba SAAY:
    Your proposal for the formation of a unity government in exile is perhaps the only thing left to salvage the country from self-inflicted implosion. The current behavior of IA to send troops to Tigray and commit war time level crimes against civilians, and using Somali troops to do its dirty maneuvers should act as the last call for action before ‘the camel breaks its back’’. The madman in Asmara is high on high intensity steroids, and the withdrawal phase can be catastrophic.

    Of course, this is easy said than done, and the devil is in the details. I am not sure if there are viable EPLFers with balls left to do the job. As much as the idea of unity government in exile sounds stimulating, I doubt its practicality. If there was a sense of leadership among these people, we would have seen it by now after all these years. The Anderberhans, Mesfins, Asefaws etc are damaged beyond repair. They have lost their Sahil/meda hardened ‘’balls’’. I don’t mean to pour cold water on it, but I just don’t think we have the critical mass among united EPLFers to embark on this seemingly splendid idea. I hope I am wrong.

    Thanks again SAAY for this provocative proposal.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Ayneta,

      Your doubts are understandable, and of course we don’t expect changes from Issayas’s enablers in the field back then, and who are in exile now, nor do we expect from the current enablers who are washed their hands with the blood of our people. We should let the stock of our nation to our young generation. However, it does not mean they don’t need help from the well meaning of my generations. Saay’s proposal on “government of national unity” is commendable, I will have a say later this weekend on the way he framed the socio-political forces which looks a continuation of our current political alignment.

      Regards

    • saay7

      Selamat Ayneta:

      Declaring a Government In Exile is hard, declaring a Unity Government In Exile is harder. But, since everything else has been tried and found lacking, this is what is called in American football a “Hail Mary”…and it just might work.

      And if it doesnt, something else well. Eritreans will always be smitten by Eritrea and won’t give up. We have no choice but to keep on trying because the ones holding our country hostage have told us they have zero intention of ever changing. And, actually, they can’t even if they want to: whatever change they initiate, they are not sure they will be able to control.

      saay

    • iSem

      Hi Ayneta:
      Nice to see you back here. Viable EPLFers? Yes, those who had some semblance of good intention for Eritrea have long been eliminated and am sure the war with Tigray has eliminated the rest and now that DIA has a life line, those I call well-fed and those who sleep on their beds and see their wives and children almost every night, those whose very survival is tied with IA, the newly minted will gain power and the dreams of our “Old Majors” will be protracted, postponed maybe for ever, am afraid.

  • Mez

    Good day Saay,
    1) You presented an outstanding stuff for a healthy debate on contemporary Eritrean politics and its potential fast transition to a multiparty nation.

    2) But I believe you spoiled the whole write up with the single phrase, I quote:….. “Ambassador Seyoum Mesfin chose to go to the mountains, to side with his people….”

    2.1) remember, the TPLF-IDEOLOGY is good for nothing except for mutual destruction, and nothing good to learn from there.

    Thanks

    • Ayneta

      Hey Mez:
      You could also claim the same thing about EPLF/PFDJ leaders. What do they have to show in 30 years? TPLF at least did something to lift Tigray’s image despite its colossal miscalculations. EPLF’s case is tragic in every sense of the word.

      • Mez

        Hi Ayneta,
        1) The topic on ELF-EPLE-PFDJ shall be the number one topic to discuss and ponder. That, my dear fellow, as much as needed; best would be merit & evidence based. As a nation they are our leading political forces; as of now too.

        2) best would be to brainstorm on How to be ideologically diverse (as a country) while respecting each other & without the perpetual self destroying political practices shall be the order of the future debates and discussions.
        2.1) your points are well taken, except that tplf thing.

        Thanks

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Mez,

      The ideology of TPLF was the same as the Ideology of EPRDF. Do you know the ideology of EPRDF? Did you observe the difference between the economic development in Ethiopia and Eritrea under their respective governments? Is your comment out of “negative envy” or realistic assessment? EPRDF/TPLF aside their tight political grip, they have shown a significant social and economic development. If the government of PFDJ had the same economic and social policy that change the lives of the Eritrean people, I would have less grievances than I have now and by extension the entire Eritrean people for that matter. So pls as an academician be realistic in giving your assessment. People have seen the fruits of their governance on the ground. Unfortunately, the evil forces, out of envy, are looting and destroying their success.

      Regards

      • Mez

        Dear Amanuel H,
        1) I hope the big-guys of tplf-ideology mover and shaker would come forth and discuss or debate their conceptual foundations extensively–I am still optimist to see an avalanche of heated debate.
        2) you said “negative envy”? No I don’t have that, Sir.
        2.1) there are plenty of mistakes, wrong decisions, misplaced policies, human and social group violations; that primarily in the regional state of tigray but also in the rest of ethiopia and in Eritrea.
        2.2) It is hard to believe that there are close to two million needy people in tigray (in the month of december and january); that after thirty years of tplf in power–that uncontested and absolute.
        3) it was true ideology of eprdf = tplf for a while; that with a lot of patchy concepts (from extreme ideologies from left and far right global movements).

        Thanks

    • saay7

      Hi Mez:

      Well, I wasn’t a big fan of Seyoum Mesfin…. but one must give credit where credit is due. This guy had many choices where he could have lived in exile as a Professor, an NGO-type (like his many other colleagues) but when push came to shove, he opted to go with his fellow fighters to the mountains, even as he knew he would be the biggest target. And he was.

      I mentioned him to make a contrast with his contemporaries in EPLF–inside and outside Eritrea–who appear to have made piece with the fact that what they invested all their youth for can be soiled and even reversed.

      saay

      • Mez

        Good day dear Saay,
        Looking back (and closely) the past hundred years evolution of Eritrea may give us some clues on why we are here today and what may follow next; It may be good to study and get a picture on
        1) national economy, with the evolution from subsistence farming to sustainable household income, national infrastructure building,….
        2) internal political dynamics & political currents including clandestine movements and activities
        3) regional interests and affiliations
        4) global powers-interest, including global economic recessions
        5) the impact of Italian colonial power job-offering (including the military conscription and war engagement for the italian colonial power interest)
        6) the choppy-nature of Foreign Direct Investment, and disparity in economic growth both in time and geographic frame across the country,
        7) inconsistency in education, knowhow & skill transfer to eritrean citizens over time, and repeated political culture shocks
        8) the multitudes of macroeconomic (at times antagonistic) policies and orientations in the country. The list may continue. The above factors, among others, drove Eritrea to where it is today.
        9) Especially the past fifty years of political life in Eritrea (the era of liberation movenents) is characterized by secrecy, deception, extra judiciary kidnappings, incarcerations, and killings. This is the quasi modus operandi of the government and the opposition alike even today.
        9.1) As a nation, in Eritrea, There are distinctly two socioeconomic happenings in this past fifty years i) virtual economic stagnation within the country (as it is in the political evolution), ii) massive migration of eritrean to the northern hemisphere.
        10) Now one has to ask: why are eritrean not moved by the crisis in their country from within? eventhough it is clear that the social conflict in Eritrea is reaching its climax by the day.

        Thanks

        • saay7

          Selamat Mez:

          Thanks for focusing the discussion on our Eritrea.

          I believe (and feel free to correct me if I am wrong), everything you itemized on 1-9 is applicable to the whole of sub-Saharan Africa: we are all relatively new to this new way of organizing called “nation state” (or, more precisely, “multi nation state.”) Eritrea, as a nation state, was formed in 1890: only 130 years ago, and it spent most of its existence as a colony or occupied territory, 30 of which were devoted to un-occupy it from foreign rule and another 30 of which were spent stumbling around in “nation building.”

          My assessment of question #10: there is so much fear that this independence is reversible, people give every benefit of doubt to their disciplinarian government who were once, to our people, “Deqna” and then “ayatatna” (the transition reflecting Eritrea’s demography.) Like all sub-Saharan Africans, Eritreans consider those who rule them to be of special class and they were willing to take any abuse: it’s only when the abuse becomes extreme or, in the case of Africa, favoring one tribe over another, that people (the tribes not in power) rise up in rebellion.

          I believe Eritreans have reached that stage in 2008. However, either by accident or design, those most likely to initiate a rebellion (the young and the military) were either exiled or co-opted. You and I know that in everything but name Eritrea is a military dictatorship. The military elite enjoy privileges nobody else does in Eritrea.

          If your question is deeper and wants to explore the cultures of the multi nations, all of them (except the kunama) are patriarchal societies and are Confucians in all but name: just like the head of the household (the father figure) has absolute right to demand absolute obedience, so does the head of the state.

          It is us annoying opposition who are saying hell no: that’s not what the role model Eritrea fought for. And that message was hard to get through —- until now. But thanks to our satellite stations it’s finally getting thru.

          Long story short: I don’t think Isaias and his corrupt colleagues will survive the stupid Ethiopian civil war. Abiy will drop him like a hot potato (assuming Abiy himself survives the war), and a newly invigorated Eritrean opposition will use every tool in their disposal to demand not justice but power.

          2021 is promising to be the end and the beginning.

          saay

  • Brhan

    Hello SAAY,

    Thanks for the article: it is calling for our attention to our biggest issue- fixing our home.

    The Eritrean constitution, seems to me , your favorite subject in your article. Yeah, it is very nice book , when it is read and reread. እንታይሞ died without seeing its light or died before we saw its light. Also, what about the selection of its authors ( not including the general assembly members)? Although , selected by IA directly and indirectly , it was diverse ( even included ELF veterans), which was a good attraction for many. In addition it came in 1997 and what is 1997? A year with new generation of Eritrean young men and women that saw the Eritrean politics not necessarily through the scope of ELF/EPLF. I met one of them and this guy calls himself proudly ካንሱቱሺንስት and sees all of our problems will be solved once we go back to it. Why because among many it says in Chapter 19 Article 5 All citizens have right to form organizations for political goal.

    But that was 2012 , a year before the arrest of G15, journalists and other politicians . We have seen milestones since then in Eritrea , where we saw dramatic events that added more sufferings to our people.

    Then the issue is how are we going to sell the idea of our great book when our memories are still occupied by these events. I believe two things has to be addressed. Yes let us see the constitution but as ድሩዕ said ሕሳብና ድማ ንግበር። I am going to reconcile my point with my friend iSem and won’t say መጀመርያ ሕሳብና ንግበር ዶ ወይስ ቅዋም ንርአ ( ዕንቋቆሖ ዶ ደርሆ). The third alternative is to address the two together. Some might resemble this call with the truth and reconciliation case of South Africa / Rwanda but there is no harm from learning from others. Is there another example , well I do not see except Libya ( where an external factor played a role in ending dictatorship there) but we lack the Libyan factors ( external and internal), so there is no way going to that route.

    Then at last I will be back to what you have indicated about the issue of army generals having a role to play:revolt against IA. Any country’s army generals main role is to protect the country from an outside enemy incase peaceful means that the political administration conduct with the outside country fail . Once that is solved, the generals may bring home front issue that they were giving less attention to the leader. The political administration of the country can make the generals busy again by creating a false outside threat. IA has implemented this many times and the question becomes will the generals stop the cycle of deception and make him face people’s demands?

    To be continued

    • saay7

      Selamat Brhan:

      I will address your N/B on the status of Berhane Gebrezgheir: all font issues are my fault. Besides, I need to update it about previously frozen who are unfrozen, mostly due to the Very Stupid War in Tigray where Isaias re-activated long humiliated military officers (Haile Samuel China, Saleh Herui) and others. This website used to have an update about all these people back when we thought they have some pride and dignity but it appears they don’t: they gave up. They should all sit down and read the bio of TPLF official Seyoum Mesfin who had 101 options but chose the only right one.

      saay

  • iSem

    Hi Sal:
    It is NOT time for a unity government in exile. Unity government in exile is long over due, but better late than never, should have been a better title for your piece.
    The long over due unity government in excellent idea reminds me when the EPLF and Sagem united Senait Debessay now disappeared for 20 years sang in that congress “atum deqey, deqey”, depicting once warring fighters embracing.
    But is this proposal a prelude to creating democratic Eritrea in the image of your adapted countries’ two party system and making it difficult for third parties to emerge or making them tiny parties like the Libertarians Party in the USA?
    Also, your proposed the congress to elect its leadership and the leadership then elects the executive committee. Fine for this transition period, but should democratic Eritrea also elect the execute in the legislation?
    Ok, those who love and swear by EPLF but hate PFDJ? They are still at it, trying to tell us to distinguish between EPLF and PFDJ. The egg and chicken question: who came first EPLF or PFDJ, do not even get there. If this proposal works for us to replace the monster at home, even with the inclusion of the intellectually dishonest or misguided, then fine, but still the fallacy looms large: that the mighty EPLF was hijacked by PFDJ after May 24, (I know you will say you are not interested in this debate but I got to say it and my intetion is nor for a debate on that eithert) The truth is EPLF was never hijacked by the loonies like the great GOP is hijacked by the TP loonies.
    Having said the above and speaking of bile, I challenge those you addressed to take this proposal and make it a seed for their congress but like the constitution of Eritrea it needs amendments.

    • saay7

      Haha iSem:

      There is, and there should always be a places for voices like yours–dissidents–because it was their liquidation by the two fronts that has gotten us to where we are in Eritrea: an intellectual wasteland.

      Don’t tell our friend Emma but this is “democratic coup” packaged differently:)

      Those who hate EPLF, PFDJ and don’t think there is a tall espresso difference between them can organize themselves and assert what they want.

      What we cannot have is us becoming just moralist like priests and sheikhs (a friend who doesn’t want to be credited for it coined a tigrinya word for:ዓገባውያን, ie people who just walk around saying ” ዓገብ” like old ladies). We are better than that and we just need a strong shake of our shoulders to snap out of it.

      saay

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear Brother Say,

    I love this article because it opens for more deep comments and for more deep discussions. I prefer to see more wider participants as the EPLF crime is from the beginning not only during PFDJ time.

    KS,

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Kokhob,
      It is always gratifying to watch the return of your lucid contributions. I join you in supporting Sal’s return to this forum and helping to restore attention to the business of our own cause, without of course not ignoring sad events that afflict our neighborhood such as the human tragedy unfolding in Tigrai – source of concern aside contentious political matters.

  • Ismail AA

    Ahlen Salyounis,

    First, allow me to answer the call “to be first to comment”. It’s often said ‘to err is human, and to set it right is a virtue’. Deserved commendation is in order here. It takes profound depth to in pragmatic thinking for one to change persuasion at one time to persuasion at another. It was indeed inconceivable to think Isayas’s lieutenants could convert at one time to benevolent patriots and remove their idol. Here, I would dare to write that AH would delightedly feel vindicated, noting the debate both of you had had on this issue.

    Now, according to your suggestion, the role of getting rid of the despot to be the burden on the shoulders of other members of the EPLF who disagree with Isayas in one way or another. What I understood from this well-written article is that change in Eritrea begins and ends in the world of the EPLF. And, most strikingly though that this role of EPLF is tied to the issue of ‘legitimacy’ . The question is which providential authority is the one that has endowed this organization to assume that fate. Does inability of other naturally entitled political and social groups of Eritreans, to play role by being organized partners in imbuing legitimacy to a process of change make them forfeit their share to the EPLF members: be them soldiers or civilians?

    To be clear on what I am saying, I have not overlooked the reference to others too to organizing own platform(s) and co-joining the process you have elucidated. The point, thus, why, even as a gesture, should the source of legitimacy be delegated to the EPLF and its members? Please do not mistake me for some envy-driven former member of ELF who still wants to live in past animosities. I am trying to voice an opinion on the sheer merit your article has provided.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Saay & Ismailo,

      Saay: These days, I am glad that our views are converging from time to time. Though your article needs more flashing out in details on the issue of “government of national unity,” the way you frame it, is a good start for a debate. Once we agreed on dismantling the current system, we can debate on the formation of government of national unity with equitable participation on its process. Thank you for the forward looking on how to save the nation and the people we love dearly, and above all to give hope to our young.

      Ismailo: I wouldn’t vindicate, for it was a debate of ideas of different positions – of give and take, in the process to curb our divergence. I could this: Saay is one of the few with whom I engaged delightfully and for sure I have learned many things from him. A great debater pushed you to elevate your tools and resources on the market of ideas. Saay is one of them. I am glad he is back.

      Regards

      • Ismail AA

        Selam Aman,
        Perhaps I could have better articulated the point. I added the adjective (delighted) just to set the verb “vindicate” not suggest its literary sense. I perfectly know the personal friendship chemistry that tie both of you to one another, which had reflected in the civil way points of difference were debated. So, sorry if the point I made purported unintended sense.

      • saay7

        Thanks Emma!

        DC4E!

        iSem will explain:)

        saay

        • iSem

          Hi Emma:
          DC4E means Democratic Coup and the E is not for Eritrea, it is for Eternity. ditch the data driven analysis, never mind of the viability of DC in our context. This is notion of “Aqabawyan” not to be confused with ዓገባውያን.
          Haha,

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Sem,

            Our friend Saay has to make an extensive research and study on the Eritrean body politics to help him to know that (a) PFDJ is a continuation of EPLF that exhibit the same political culture (b) Democratic coup in Eritrea is unrealistic with the kind of army we have. But if he says even the classical coup of African countries is better than the current PFDJ regime, then we might agree on some caveats. Otherwise DC will remain only as wishful things. But on his proposal I will get back to him in the weekend.

            Regards

          • iSem

            Hi Emma:
            I forgot to mention that the reason Sal’s friend is so humble to refuse to be credited for the novel world he coined (ዓገባውያን) is because he or she knows better. He/she knows that this is reminiscent of the PFDJ, the seemingly innocuous labels that they attach to everyone who criticizes. Remember “hakilom” like back home when parents used to say when a child fights with his parents and goes to relative’s house, or if someone does not visit you “hakilka”. Basically ዓገባውያን is a putdown, PFDJ style because the reason you, Sal and me and SGJ and all who oppose PFDJ is to precisely become ዓገባውያን or to have an opposition party, to make government accountable, ዓገባውያን is the very job description of opposition party. It is also reminiscent to PFDJ’s putdown to anyone who criticize them when they say, what have you done, we are working. When did ideas stopped mattering, so though I chuckled about ዓገባውያን, I immediately found the connection, the innate dissident that I am.
            The unity government in exile is very good idea, but not brand new, Sal’s innovation is in the “unity” with EPLF not only unity among the opposition.

          • saay7

            Hi iSem:

            Listen up you dissident you: don’t be knocking my friends great contribution to the Tigrinya language: ዓገባውያን! Because you are lacking context. You see, ዓገባውያን are ኤህ!ኣውያን: they only have the power to curse (which takes no effort) and is merely an expression of outrage. What my friend is saying is that some actually that’s action when they are using it as a substitute for action.

            But you know all this: you are just being iBad.

            saay

          • iSem

            hi Sal:
            haha: Someone here actually thought my handle, iSem was modelled after Apple gadgeys:-)

          • saay7

            Hey iSem:

            In your chronicles, don’t forget that the NNNN called the G-15 “ኮረይቲ” as if kuriyin is an overreaction to the war crimes and crimes against humanity the sadist Isaiaists were committing.

            My friend is a she. Uffff.

            saay

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Merhaba Sem,

            ዓገብ/ዓገባውያን as in መትከል/ መትከላውያን are group in themselves, that on off and on ልሙስ ነቀፌታ ዘቅርቡ እዮም::

            “ዓገብ” = ልሙስ ነቄፌታ

            ዓገባውያን” =ልሙስ ነቄፌታ ዘቅርቡ

            “መትከል” = ጽኑዕ ስነ-ሓሳባዊ እምነት

            “መትከላውያ ን” = ጽኑዓት ኣብ እምነቶም

            Now, unfortunately, our friend has shown early on, a soft spot on PFDJites, despite lately have a solid stand against them. So the term “ዓገባውያን” might be the vocabulary of Saay and his/her friend, early on before he gave up on PFDJites. Me think.

    • saay7

      Selamat Ismailom:

      What they say about mothers –ማህጸን ኣደ ጉራሙራ — applies to our Revolution, I think: because our revolution has produced many aggressive people and a few gentle souls, and I can consider you of the latter group: a refined human being. So you never have to worry about being misunderstood by me. You listen to understand not to defend, and that’s a rare quality.

      Now then, on my proposal. If you agree with my assessment of where we are (we are at 0-Ethiopia in 30 seconds: ask someone about Eritrea, and it will take them 30 seconds to switch the subject to Ethiopia), you will agree with me that we have gotten to the point that we are no longer even complaining about Eritrea; its living in such a black hole (Isaias’s cruelty amplified by draconian measures using COVID19 as an excuse) that radical solutions are required. And that means the good as the enemy of the perfect. What you are proposing is perfect—but it has been tried for 20 years and failed. At some point, we have to abandon things that fail, instead of saying “it was a good idea, we just didn’t execute it well.” It can’t be executed because there is this issue that is called “legitimacy” which gets in the way.

      And what do I mean by that? Well, in Eritrea, a leader gets legitimacy differently: traditionally (chiqa Adi), religiously (a learned scholar), popular uprising, military superiority or via what’s called “revolutionary legitimacy.” Legitimacy helps answer the question “who are you and why should I follow you?” The EPLF already has (to a segment of our population) legitmacy: its revolution was aborted, kidnapped and killed. Those who are alive owe it to their comrades and to the Eritrean people on whose behalf they sacrificed to resuscitate it. The EPLFers we are talking about are the Reformed EPLF (those who were sympathetic to the G-15, and Wedi Ali, for example.) And if you read the G-15 Open Letter and all the documents and interviewed that followed it, that was the EPLF that was heavily influenced by the liberal voices of the era which (refers to his notes here), were awate writers. I am not Aboy Fqadu’ing here: those are the facts. The awate writers reminded them of who they once were–the voices of the 1987 Congress declaration of free press, political pluralism and religious freedom. Yes, true, they were bigoted towards Jehovah’s Witnesses but that was in 1987 and I doubt they hold those views. In the real world, the EPLF Reformers also have the ability to say that they are attempting to continue what was aborted in 1997 which, incidentally, is the call of the entire West (read every call made by HRC, EU, State Department…..)

      Now, you and I also know that the EPLF does not represent the entirety of Eritrea. This is why what I called “the other half” also needs to get off its laurels, dust itself, and have its congress. The leaders of these two factions then haggle, negotiate (practice politics!) to create a government in exile.

      Those who find the arrangment incomplete or flawed then can either do what we are doing now (right, speak, organize) to influence it or, if they think they are non-starters, create a force formidable enough to challenge them.

      Otherwise, in our life time, Eritrea will receded from the consciousness of the world, the only time it is remembered being when its dumbass “leaders” do yet another criminally stupid thing.

      saay