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A Hopeful Scenario For Eritrea


Eritrea’s geography is well suited for the production of abundant electricity that is 100% renewable. There is huge potential for wind energy around Assab. Massive solar power production is possible just about anywhere in the mainland and its 200+ islands. Water from the Red Sea can be channeled to the Danakil depression to generate reliable hydroelectric power. The grid can be powered by all three during the day while wind and hydro take over at night, eliminating the need for batteries.

With full commitment on the Eritrean side and wisely selected implementation partners, the urgency global warming is creating can be leveraged effectively to make Eritrea one of the biggest clean energy producers within a few years. With a booming economy, Eritrea becomes a country where people want to go to, not one to run away from as is the case today.

However, since Eritrea is in a rough and volatile neighborhood, our efforts alone will not be sufficient. We will also need to build strong economic alliances with capable and fairly decent first-world countries, preferably Scandinavian nations, as early as possible in order to make our journey into this bright future as irreversible as it can possibly be.

But there is an elephant in the room. Isaias and his servile messengers — ‘kedemti’ in their foul and arrogant lingo — must exit the scene immediately in order to start Eritrea’s healing process.

Things to Overcome

In 1991, Eritrea’s future seemed destined for greatness. There was wide-eyed optimism that a new era of freedom, peace and prosperity was about to unfold. The adoring population welcomed the triumphant freedom fighters with reverence typically reserved for the gods. Then the liberators turned against their own people – only more vicious and more sadistic than any rulers before them. My friend’s dad worked in the construction sector and remembers the time when people were always encouraged to work, even during Italy’s apartheid era. He said, the only exception during his long working life when honest and hard work was banned or discouraged is after 1991.  Almost three decades later, in 2019, the spirit of 1991 has evaporated with little residue left behind. Fear and despair suffocate everyday life.  Eritrea sits precariously on a knife’s edge. To stop the bleeding, it is time to heed Berhane Abrehe’s1 advice to get rid of our tormentors immediately.

The positive legacy the liberators could have left behind was enormous. Instead, they launched an era of poverty, torture, murder and disappearances that spares no one — not even their disabled comrades or those who came back from the trenches with their courage and conscience intact. This broad-based viciousness has drained Eritrea’s self-esteem. It now ranks at the bottom of every human development index consistently (Fig 2, 3, 4). The 2019 Index of Economic Freedom2 lists it under “repressed” category; ranking at 177 out of 180 countries. It has become a nation where even the children of the liberators run away from (there are credible reports that even Isaias’s son attempted to cross the border into Sudan). This is a failure of our own making.  Eritrea’s previous occupiers didn’t even come close to inflicting this much pain on the Eritrean people.

We also face a renewed external threat from Ethiopia. Although border demarcation was the primary objective of the “peace treaty”, it is now deemed unnecessary and taken off the agenda, putting Eritrea’s sovereignty in question. The optics was all wrong right from the beginning. Why would two African countries choose Saudi Arabia over the African Union as the third-party to witness the event? What drove them to behave that way? The details of the opaque agreement from September, 2018 are still unknown. Even Eritrea’s ministers have no clue.

Through cleverly orchestrated coronation style dramas, Ethiopia appears to have emasculated our despot. Behaving more like Ethiopia’s palace eunuch, he is caged and muted, while Abiy does all the talking. Occasionally, Abiy’s ambitions are amplified by the regime’s messengers. Recently, Eritrea’s ambassador in Japan tweeted: “Changing map/boundaries of sovereign nations is unavoidable but artificial boundaries in people’s minds is avoidable: #Eritrea #Ethiopia now”.  For decades, the regime held the whole country hostage by positioning border demarcation as a life-or-death issue. Until our border is demarcated, they said, our sovereignty is at risk. Calling for implementation of the constitution, human rights and rule of law was deemed untimely and unpatriotic. Now, Eritrea is just an “artificial” thing; an “avoidable” figment of our collective imagination. Such naked betrayal of the 65,000 martyrs they left behind makes Berhane’s call a matter of extreme urgency.

For additional historical perspective, Imperial Ethiopia’s Ambassador, Zewde Reta, in his book, ye eritra guday, says: Eritreans should not forget that, we Ethiopians, committed no crimes of any kind against our Eritrean brothers (.. እኛ ኢትዮጵያውያን በወንድሞቻችን በኤርትራውያን ላይ ምንም ዓይነት በደል እንዳልፈጸምንባቸው መዘንጋት የለባቸውም). This is stunning. Even with full benefit of hind-sight — Haile Selassie’s illegal dissolution of the federation, pregnant Eritrean women butchered by Ethiopian soldiers, civilians crushed under Ethiopian tanks in Shieb, Eritrean youth strangled to death with piano wires in Asmara, aerial bombardment of civilians in Massawa3, and countless others – the Eritrean people were invisible to ambassador Zewde then, and still invisible to ambassador Estifanos now. If one has no empathy for fellow humans, extreme insensitivity as exhibited by these two can be normalized — which is scary.

Emboldened by Isaias’s silence and behind-the-scenes collaboration, Abiy’s drip-drip approach –  setting expectations of Ethiopian navy on the Red Sea, those who left (meaning Eritrea) returning (to mother Ethiopia) and the resurgence of old Imperial maps – is actively trying to erase Eritrean identity, again. Eritrea does not have a parliament or any representative body of any kind. Yet, to give false legitimacy to renewed attempts to re-occupy Eritrea, references to “parliaments of both countries” working together is deceitfully spread around by Ethiopia. This is a slap in the face to moderate Eritreans who always had tremendous goodwill for Ethiopia. By completely aligning himself with a despot at the expense of our people, Abiy has squandered that goodwill for good. He has become the enemy of the Eritrean people by choice.

There is a much better way for Ethiopia to get to the Red Sea. And that is by putting an immediate stop to its habitual land-over-people obsession. That flawed belief system, that Ethiopia’s only way to get to the Red Sea is by erasing the Eritrean people, must be broken once and for all in order to free all of us (Eritreans and Ethiopians) from the curse of our circular history. We can then have serious talks, as equals, to craft durable treaties based on principles of inter-dependency that are mutually beneficial to both countries.

Breaking Eritrea’s Malaise – A Case for Optimism

The good news is that Eritrea’s despot is a despised old man, waiting for a disgraceful and inevitable exit. If we can muster some courage and heed Berhane Abrehe’s call to accelerate his exit, Eritrea’s salvation will come sooner. Either way, Eritrea will get another opportunity to raise itself from the ashes. Circumstances vary but countries have risen from ashes before. Although still under one-man rule, with all the uncertainties that entails, Rwanda’s rise from the abyss of genocide in 1994 is one impressive example. Germany, Italy, and Japan rising to become dominant global economies after almost total destruction in WW II is another.

Similarly, a vibrant economic future is an achievable outcome for Eritrea too. We have seen Eritrean self-esteem on the rise, briefly, in the 1950s and 60s. Self-driven Eritreans were relatively better represented in business, in education, and the professions until Haile Selassie royally messed things up. During that brief period, Eritrean family values and community ties were strong. Even Eritrean sports teams were among the best — often making up the bulk of Ethiopia’s national soccer team. That potential can be re-awakened again.

By developing the right vision and tenaciously sticking to it, we can surely dig ourselves out of the hole we are in.  We are a small nation, and small changes here and there can add up quickly to restore our shattered self-esteem. If we act quickly, we have huge economic opportunities that can remedy our current malaise in a very short time.

Eritrea’s geography is well suited for the production of abundant electricity that is 100% renewable. There is huge potential for wind energy around Assab. Massive solar power production is possible just about anywhere in the mainland and its 200+ islands. Water from the Red Sea can be channeled to the Danakil depression or to artificial lakes on higher elevations to generate reliable hydroelectric power. The nice thing about this is political tensions between upstream and downstream countries that are typical elsewhere (Ethiopia-Egypt, Turkey-Iraq…) do not exist here. So, the peace dividend is high too. With the Red Sea acting as a massive reservoir, costs and timelines are likely to be much less than traditional hydro dams. For rough comparison, Ethiopia’s 7GW Grand Renaissance Dam which started in 2011 had initial cost estimates of $5B USD and it is still under construction.

Thoughtful integration of these three renewable energy sources, probably in the hundreds of GW capacity, can put Eritrea on a very solid economic footing for the foreseeable future (current peak capacity is a measly 88MW). Batteries to store energy for night use won’t be necessary as wind and, more reliably hydro, take over after dark. Typically, other resources in Africa (crude, cocoa, coffee, diamonds etc.) are sold with little or no local value-add. This forces the resource countries to sell cheap and import finished goods at exorbitant prices, keeping them in perpetual poverty (resource curse). External value-add won’t be necessary for Eritrea’s clean energy output – the local products are the finished goods.

Luckily, this is also the right time to launch such a grand venture. As concerns of global warming intensify, renewable energy will continue to stay in high demand, providing us the luxury of creating and/or inviting large energy-intensive enterprises for sustained economic growth. As production capacity increases, energy can be exported to neighboring countries, making Eritrea a positive force on the region’s economies.

With full commitment on the Eritrean side and wisely selected implementation partners (perhaps deep-pocketed and energy-intensive server farm types), the urgency global warming is creating can be leveraged effectively to make Eritrea one of the biggest clean energy producers within a few years. In 5-10 years, Eritrea’s standard of living can be improved drastically. The bad metrics Eritrea is currently known for, as shown in the developmental maps on , will disappear.

Fig 1 shows land mass of the continents as a reference. But see how Africa’s map shrinks drastically (Section A) when key development metrics are plotted for comparison (Fig 2, 3, 4). Section A is the actual map from Section B was magnified to make details within Africa easier to see. You can see Eritrea in the area map is proportional to its land mass, but it is hardly visible in the developmental maps (Fig 2, 3, 4) below.

Sub-Saharan Africa and Eritrea are a fraction of their geographic sizes in this Tertiary Education and Science Research map (section A). Better educated Eritreans see no future in Eritrea. Professors and managers are paid the equivalent of USD $100 a month while their non-Eritrean peers, and sometimes subordinates, get $1000 to $2000. Many left the country. Those I came to know, brilliant men and women, are doing well abroad because they are finally in an environment that values their talents and hard work.  Eritrea lost big time as this map shows clearly. This bleeding will stop only when Eritrea’s economy is strong enough to pay its own professionals equitably.

Fig 3 and 4 show mobile phone penetration and Internet access, where Eritrea is absent again. With cheap and clean energy, Eritrea’s development size in figures 2, 3 and 4 will be much larger than its geographic size – similar to other developed nations (Taiwan, S. Korea).  Without reliable and sufficient electricity, no meaningful development can take place (no Sub-Saharan country is energy self-sufficient). Similarly, with peak capacity of only 88MW today, Eritrea is known for frequent blackouts and an anemic economy.

To realize this level of economic growth, serious long-term alliances with other small but highly developed countries will have to be developed. Given their ethical governance, non-colonial past, and highly rated first-world status, the Scandinavian countries are probably the best partners Eritrea can have to break out into this hopeful era successfully. Hopefully, they too will see benefits in partnering with Eritrea.

These countries may be small (good for Eritrea) but they have the strong backing of the EU and the West if it becomes necessary to protect their economic interests in Eritrea from rogue elements in our volatile region. As Eritrea develops and asymmetries in education and overall living standards narrow, carefully crafted dual citizenship opportunities could further solidify Eritrea’s economic and political stability in the region.

There are many Eritreans living in Scandinavia who can help accelerate the process. In a few decades, perhaps Norway’s prime minister will be a person of Eritrean origin and one of Danish origin Eritrea’s – with all kinds of combinations in between. In such a scenario; a stable, free and economically vibrant Eritrea – where poverty is history – becomes imaginable and achievable. By expanding that circle of safety and economic stability to Tigre, Afar, Saho and Tigrigna speakers in neighboring countries; we can truly become the stabilizing force in the Horn.

But for that to happen, we need to sow the seeds for the new era now, both at personal and societal levels. At the individual level, doing some serious soul-searching based on the writings of our Catholic Bishops — “Where is Your Brother?” (ሓውኻ ኣበይ ኣሎ?) – is a good place to start. Their timely message can help us mend our broken moral compasses. It will also help us defeat the crippling culture of cynicism and pessimism we have internalized for so long. Since “man is free at the instant he wants to be” (Voltaire), my self-liberation is in my own hands. And if I truly liberate myself, then I am not afraid to listen to and trust my inner voice. I am not afraid to reject the noises of propaganda around me; and not afraid to face the truth. The self-liberated me, added to many others, builds up to become the culture of the broader society we belong to. With these two liberations (personal and societal), we can defeat the fear governments and politicians want us to feel. With fear defeated, they cannot go against our wishes.  Politicians are the ultimate opportunists. They can only do what we allow them to get away with. And if we are not afraid, we won’t let them get away with anything that perpetuates our own subjugation – as we have let happen so far.

Change the Narrative

Almost all of our current problems are self-inflicted. We are disorganized and unable to advance a coherent vision for our common good – becoming easy prey for clever manipulators.  We have allowed the regime to control the narrative of the day for too long. It creates a scenario (imprisons or disappears people without due process) and we react. When that gets old, it creates other scenarios to continue diverting our attention (demolishes homes, imprisons the elderly for ransom, confiscates savings, bans travel, bans imports, closes whole sectors of the economy, etc.) and we react to those too. We are always talking about the regime and never – at least not enough – about our own objectives or about what we need to do, JOINTLY, to free ourselves from our common oppressor. The widely held belief is that we are ineffective because we have many differences. In reality, we are ineffective not because we have differences but because we behave exactly the same way. We project the same predictable behaviors — reactive, cynical, lack of courage to face the truth, dismissive of each other, easily offended, eager to offend, pessimistic etc. etc. Our sameness of character and our very narrow polemical lenses are the root cause of what we wrongly perceive to be “differences”. Unless we tame these negative attributes, any criminal regime that comes to power will subjugate us easily – not because it is strong or good but our inability to act jointly for our common good makes us weak and irrelevant.

To turn this around, we need to change the conversation and own it all the way through. We need to create a proactive narrative that puts the burden of responsibility on us. Our Catholic Bishops and Abba Teklemichael Tewelde4 have done their part to focus our attention on a moral narrative.  We need to pick up their baton and amplify their uplifting message in our mosques, churches and immediate circles of influence (families and friends, as well as the social and professional groups we belong to). Wedi Ali and Berhane Abrehe have also tried to lead us towards an action narrative. The moment we find the courage to internalize these moral and action narratives, our true liberation will surely follow. Cynicism and pessimism are forces of inaction that make the possible look impossible. Overcoming these negative forces will open up new worlds where everything is possible again.

We Have Been There Before

We have been in that world of possibilities before. Before independence, education was highly valued in Eritrean society. Illiterate farmers encouraged their children to go to school. Families with limited means and those who migrated from the villages to the cities for a better life worked day and night to create a better future for their children. Encouraged by examples of older brothers and sisters, younger siblings were motivated to go to school and to work hard. By contrast, a child growing up after independence sees older siblings with college education trapped in the regime’s enslavement programs — unable to support themselves, let alone a family. The frustrated older sibling leaves the country.  If he/she is lucky enough to survive the tough deserts and high seas, life gets relatively better. Many have flourished. Oddly enough, Eritrea is the one place on earth where Eritreans are guaranteed to fail – by design. The design includes active promotion of poverty to keep people at the bottom of Maslow’s pyramid (Fig 5). The design actively diminishes the value of education and professionalism. Our only university is closed. Underpaid and underappreciated instructors leave the country causing a severe deficit of good instructors in schools. The younger siblings see this and immediately set their minds on leaving too – which explains Eritrea’s severe brain drain (Fig. 2).

Solving all our self-inflicted problems by ourselves will no doubt be a great morale-boosting accomplishment. But, although doing so is absolutely necessary, it won’t be sufficient. The Horn is a volatile neighborhood where hardened identities rooted in domination-oriented cultures abound. It is a neighborhood that refuses to learn from its failures and its own past. Ethiopia’s zeal to erase Eritrean identity has come full circle again. Although Haile Selassie’s miscalculations that gave birth to Eritrea’s independence is recent history that many still remember, Abiy’s Ethiopia is trending in that same disastrous direction. His much hyped peace treaty has turned out to be a Trojan horse.

Now that Eritrea is a member of the UN, some Eritreans believe sovereignty is irreversible. That is unrealistic. Think Crimea, think Golan Heights; or closer to home — Haile Selassie and Eritrea. It is very difficult to reverse facts on the ground. The only guarantee is to not let it happen in the first place. It took three decades and massive sacrifices on both sides to reverse Haile Selassie’s error. If the 1952 Ethio-Eritrean federation was not messed with, we could have had almost 70 years of continuous development by now. Instead we got 70 years of lost opportunities in both countries. And it is still not over. The way things are trending, we may even be on the verge of repeating that whole ugly cycle again. 70 years is a very long time to waste. South Korea became a first-world country during that time and it took half that for China to transform itself into a major global economic power.

Saudi Arabia’s rigid culture and its massive wealth is another threat in the region. The brutality it is unleashing on innocent Yemini children and civilians shows how destructive and unpredictable our neighborhood can be. Why did Abiy and Isaias run to the Saudis bypassing the AU? Or were they simply told that was what they had to do?

That is why it is critically important to get our act together now. We need to build strong alliances with capable and fairly decent first-world countries as early as possible in order to make our journey against poverty and backwardness as irreversible as it can possibly be.

Our Collective Shame, We Let This Happen To US

The Eritrean regime has always been at war with its citizens. Protection of its citizens was never part of its agenda. While other nations mourned the loss of hundreds of Eritrean lives in the Mediterranean, it denied their existence. While Eritreans went through horrendous suffering in the hands of traffickers, Eritrean ambassadors in Sudan, Egypt and Libya never came to their aid. The family unit was the strongest social glue in Eritrean society.  Under its umbrella, children felt safe and learned good family values that would serve them well for the rest of their lives. After 1991, the family unit was targeted for destruction. Families were depleted. Both parents and children were forced into various use-and-throw programs. Poverty became widespread as never before. No matter what one’s level of education is, almost no one can fully support themselves on their own earnings in Eritrea. Remittances from the large diaspora population are the life line most depend on to stay afloat.

Gold revenues came and went with nothing trickling down to the Eritrean economy. Eritrean soil is exported for mineral processing abroad with no transparency or accountability of what is being sold and where the revenues go. The trucks transporting the soil damage the roads that were bad already. Yet, no revenues come back to repair them. And we can’t coordinate united efforts to get rid of the abusive regime.

Even the once fearless liberators are afraid. Our ministers didn’t challenge Isaias to disclose what he signed on their behalf in Ethiopia, even as they witnessed their Somali counterparts threatening their president with impeachment. They once fought to free others, but like everyone else, they are unable to fight for their own freedom or the freedom of their children now.

Francis Fukuyama’s book (State Building), says: a totalitarian state tries to abolish the whole of civil society and subordinates the remaining atomized individuals to its own political ends.  And “abolishing the whole of civil society” is exactly what has taken place. Totally atomized, Eritreans live in fear. Feeling all alone, it is difficult to see beyond the day’s menial existence at the bottom of Maslow’s pyramid. From sunrise to sunset one is fully occupied with the challenges of that day. There is no physical energy or mental bandwidth left for anything else. By design, the regime makes sure you are never safe. Reckless wars are created to sacrifice the young. Honest work is made illegal, by restricting access to your own savings or by closing centers of employment (construction, imports, and private businesses). This pushes otherwise decent and hardworking people to poverty. Intentional and widespread lawlessness increases the uncertainties of daily life. Family love is sabotaged by taking young adults away on endless programs of servitude. As a result, elderly parents end up alone. Belonging is out of the question. You can be jailed or disappeared for belonging to the “wrong” religion or any group the regime deems illegal.

Chained to the bottom of the pyramid, and spending all my energies to survive the challenges of the day (looking for food, water, shelter), self-esteem and self-actualization, at the top of the pyramid, are nothing but pipe dreams. The only time Eritreans get the opportunity to move up the pyramid is when they leave Eritrea. To willfully engineer so much pain and poverty when, just as easily, we could have created prosperity and abundance for all is our collective shame. Hopefully, it is one we have learned not to repeat.

For a New Beginning, We Need Peace Within

Fig 6 attempts to show how the much needed peace within can be restored. A free nation is a mirror where every citizen should see their image reflected on. How would it feel if you stood in front of a mirror and you only saw images of people standing next to you, but not yours? It is as if you didn’t exist. Today’s Eritrea is exactly like that. You won’t see your image in this national mirror if you belong to the wrong faith group (Pentecostal church, Jehovah’s Witness, members of the Orthodox Church striving to be independent from the regime’s interventions or Muslims the regime falsely deems Jihadists); or you are a young person with a dream, a free-minded writer, a scientist, ambitious politician, entrepreneur, or a care-free teenager.

We need to re-build this national mirror so everyone can see themselves in it. And that can only happen if everyone is safe and at peace with oneself first, free to choose one’s own affiliations – atomized no more.  But to be truly liberated, I must also see beyond myself, to have empathy for “others” and to be ready to speak for them if they cannot speak for themselves – and vice-versa if I am not able to speak for myself. Then and only then will we have a fighting chance to restore the dignity and self-esteem Eritrea’s very first government has shredded to pieces. Only then will the brief Eritrean renaissance of the 1950s and 60s mentioned earlier bloom again. Only then will the dream of economic liberation through 100% renewable energy become reality.

Fig 6

Just like Eritrea as a nation needs to make macro peace within itself, we also need to make micro peace with ourselves at the individual level. Too often, we make excuses for the regime’s bad behavior even when we are fully aware it is the wrong thing to do so. Someone gets jailed without due process and we say: “they must have found something on him”, “he must be pente, jihadist, woyane …”. One even told me recently that when Isaias told Abiy to “lead us”, he really did not mean to lead Eritrea and Ethiopia; that he was actually telling Abiy to lead Africa instead. This level of insanity, where the victim tries to beautify the ugliness of his oppressor, is amazing. This kind of submissive behavior is what has kept our ruthless regime in power for so long. We have become our own worst enemies. A truly liberated self, with a well calibrated moral compass would not make such excuses on behalf of his/her oppressor. Instead he/she would side with the underdog to make sure no one becomes invisible in that national mirror.

The Leadership Gap

Fig 7 attempts to show a deeper layer where durable peace within can be solidified when supported by inclusive organizational structures that remain valid regardless of who is in power. This is the kind of leadership we need

  • to accelerate the removal of current and future despotic regimes from power
  • to ensure any vacuum left behind is managed well during the transition period and
  • to build a durable and fair system of governance where everyone feels safe and represented

This requires wide representation from all sectors of society; people of wisdom and integrity coming together to lay the foundations of an inclusive system suited for a new era. Knowledgeable technocrats should be given the freedom and responsibility to present and implement their best ideas. The transition body’s primary objective can be along the lines of Berhane Abrehe’s recommendations. I disagree with some of his points (especially his views about the people of Tigray), but he does have sound recommendations that can get the ball rolling. Although restoration of Eritrea’s Assembly is a good objective, it may not be practical since the well-being of most of its members is unknown.

Perhaps a new body, along with the remaining former Assembly members, can be organized to fill the gap. To be effective, this body must include new blood and some of our best minds – people of high caliber and temperament like Selam Kidane, Dr. Daniel Rezene, Sal Younis, Fessehaie Abraham (former ambassador to Australia), Isayas Sium, Beyan Negash, Kubrom Dafla, Ephrem Naizghi, Mussie Ephrem etc. These are only few names I am familiar with, mainly from their writings or interviews. But I am also sure there are many, many others who can make significant contributions. Those mentioned here can also tap their own networks to pull in others.

The disempowering cynicism we have adopted over the years will probably bubble up to disapprove why this or that name won’t do. We must resist such temptation. This is the time to make a clean break into a new era. While we should always challenge our leaders to be true to the stated mission, we also need to support them fully. We should not look at them as individuals we like or don’t like. Rather, we should ask: can this person help us lay down solid foundations for a new system, with sufficient checks and balances that no cabal can hijack? If this individual cannot help the transition team, who can? We should retire our old habits that only criticize without providing well thought out alternatives. This is the time to jump in with both feet and really work hard to ensure our future gets to be much brighter than our past has been.

The transition body needs to include knowledgeable change agents in the key areas listed in Fig 7, so roles and responsibilities are well defined and understood by those who will eventually occupy those offices.  Education, expertise and professionalism are devalued in today’s Eritrea. We mostly have undeserving illiterate or semi-literate individuals who are put in positions of power with the sole intention of extracting maximum loyalty for the regime. As a result, we have generals engaging in demolition of homes as Eritrea’s national defense falls apart. Eritrea has no institutions today. The succession pipeline is completely empty. The old guard, mostly figure- heads, occupies the top with no technocrats to fill the gaps. Eritrea doesn’t even have a defense minister during this critical time when Ethiopia is itching to create a navy in the Red Sea. This leadership gap needs to be addressed by the transition body in order to rebuild the institutions the regime has destroyed. As is typical with despots, his son is the next despot in waiting if we let it happen.

An inclusive and liberal system, where minority rights are respected is critical for Eritrea’s future. But a robust economy is the real glue that will hold everything together. Bad politics is a symptom of a poor economy (“it is the economy stupid” still rules). To keep as many people as possible engaged, we must enrich the conversation beyond politics to include the economy and other topics that people care about. Clean energy can be a transformational force in shaping Eritrea’s future. All kinds of experts from “members” and “influencers” groups in Fig 7 should be invited to assess the feasibility of various economic options to maximize our chances for success.


We truly have a great opportunity to turn things around for the better. With good strategy and hard work, Eritrea’s economic vibrancy is a realistic goal. Our triple sources of renewable energy can keep Eritrea’s economy humming for a very long time. Clean and cheap energy across the full breadth and length of the country makes investments in clean water projects (including desalination), high quality education and health care, as well as good overall infrastructure realistic and achievable. Our long coastline with unspoiled coral reefs, including its many islands, is another unexploited resource to tap into for added economic security.

But all this is just potential at the moment. And potential is of no use until realized. There are two things blocking the doorway into this bright future. First, we must get rid of the regime and its sadistic culture immediately. Every day it stays in power is a day Eritrea’s chances of recovery diminish – more people will die in its prisons, new ones will disappear, the young will continue to leave, poverty will get more entrenched; and the country itself may cease to exist. Isaias’s buffoonery in Addis and ambassador Estifanos’s tweet above certainly suggest as much. So, removing the regime is simply one hugely courageous act of self-defense.

We must remember those who tried to talk sense to this regime have all disappeared. After three decades of lived misery, we know with certainty that this regime cannot be reasoned with. It just needs to go. But how?

Berhane Abrehe has outlined one approach. I am not aware of other suggestions that are as specific. So, we can adopt his and adjust as we go. Everyone benefits from the demise of this regime – even the despot’s children and the children of his misguided loyalists will be much better off. They will be free from the culture of guilt-by-association their parents practiced. That culture needs to die with their parents — no more holding 80 year old grandmothers for ransom because a grandson in his 30s escaped the regime’s enslavement program; or someone getting locked up for asking about a disappeared friend.

Second, we need an organized body to manage the transition (Fig 7) and to lay a good foundation for a new era. This body should include change agents from the various groups. Faith leaders have large audiences in Eritrean society. They need to be included not only for moral leadership among their followers but to be agents of peace across faiths as well. Women, who are half the sky were betrayed many times over and should be represented in force now.

To have more skin in the game, it is also good to have a few ambitious types from civil society who aspire to have various leadership roles as future presidents, ministers, judges etc. Not only is there nothing wrong with this, it is a desirable outcome we need to accept and call for. Those ambitions need to be tamed by the laws of the land for sure, but men and women with healthy ambition will eventually have to emerge to lead the nation and its various organs. We should nurture and welcome this missing link.

Seasoned leaders like Dr. Tesfai Ghirmazion and ambassador Haile Menkorios can also play a critical role here. First, they can help set the right tone within the transition body to ensure the transition is as smooth as it can possibly be. Second, given their expertise and broad networks, they can bring credible and influential third-parties to the table. Third, they will be good mentors for aspiring future leaders.

Obviously, this body cannot be successful without our full support. Again (along the lines of Fig 6), self-liberated individuals can become effective change agents within our circles of influence. We can all be good conduits in propagating the larger mission to our respective families, friends and affinity groups. The transition body is going to need funds to carry out its duties and we should be ready to chip in. Just about anyone in the diaspora can afford to contribute $5 to $10 a month. There are probably around 400,000 Eritreans in the West. Hopefully, we can do better but if 40,000 (10%) of us contribute $10/month; we will be able to raise almost $5M a year to advance the cause. Just think: your $10 a month contribution now can create a healthy economy worth billions of dollars in 5-10 years. Not a bad return for your investment!

To motivate the larger population, the transition body must be as transparent as possible. It should find ways to engage the larger population continuously with relevant “action of the day” challenges.  If partnership with Scandinavian countries is worth pursuing, perhaps the “action of the day” could be for Eritreans in those countries to be tasked with something specific to advance that goal. Frequent reminders to send contributions so momentum can be maintained, could be another. Participation in relevant letter writing, email or phone call campaigns to influential bodies, etc.

Guided by wisdom and good judgement, the transition body should set the right tone from the very beginning. Avoid the inflammatory language we have gotten used to over the years and lead with a language of reconciliation instead. We need to look beyond the opposition/pro-regime walls we have caged ourselves in and be ready to welcome everyone. We need to reject the few criminal elements at the top of PFDJ for sure, but we have to find ways to re-purpose the remaining core to become an integral part of Eritrea’s renewal.  We made that mistake before. It is one we should not repeat again.

When the regime came to power in 1991, it dismissed experienced civil service workers (in banking, judiciary, government bodies) in mass. Its unsubstantiated justification was that they were corrupt and incompetent. They could have been easily trained for the new reality. Since the regime didn’t have the skill sets to fill the vacuum it created, Eritrea’s downward spiral deepened year over year.  Now, here we are with far worse corruption and incompetence than existed in 1991. Another example of how destructive such an approach can be is the mess the US created in Iraq by dismantling the entire Baath party structure.

The PFDJ core without its top mostly consists of Eritreans who live at or near the bottom of Maslow’s pyramid anyway. In other words, they are ‘us’ who just happen to be on the other side of the fence.

A strong economy is the vehicle we need to create a better future for all. What is missing is our collective will to act JOINTLY. If the transition body, with our full support, takes on Berhane Abrehe’s advice or develops its own road map along the same lines, Eritrea’s recovery can be quick and wholesome. And the gentler Eritrean culture this regime has so mercilessly trashed will have a good chance of making a comeback. Good education and hard work will be valued again. Then Eritrea becomes a country where people want to live in, and not one to run away from. And that would be a good thing.


About Tewelde Estifanos

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  • Simon Kaleab

    Selam all,

    Few months ago, straight shooting Donald Trump asked: “Why are we having all these people from ****hole countries come here?”

    Uganda’s Museveni’s reply was: “Trump is right, we are certified ****holes.”

    A hopeful scenario for Eritrea, Ethiopia, other African countries and Muslim countries is to invite the colonialists back to rule over them. That way it will be better.

    • Paulos


      I suspect and in fact a clue from your comment suggests that, your life could as well be a sh*t h*le as well. And I suggest you do the same with your life as you suggest for African countries.

      • Simon Kaleab


        A desperate reply empty of content.

    • iSem

      Hi Simon
      Are you sure you want them back? And do no wish, your wish may come true
      Of course the African countries are bad but what was the cause, people are people every where, with their strengths and fallibilities but do you believe that the colonizers where the creators and designers of the ***holes
      I do not absolve the responsibility of the leaders to have squanders a almost 70 years and the rich resources but have colonizers really left?
      Think of this; the people were living doing their things, farming, hunting whatever and then 500 soldiers and 300 families boarded a ship and landed on Angola and stitched the different tribes together and told them you are one country.
      I am a critique of African leaders who have enriched themselves at the expense of the poor people and yes they are sh***holes and they created sh**hole legacy like Eritrea that I presume you are from and also worked in some capacity as a professional but to bring back colonizers, are you out of your mind Simon?

      • Teodros Alem

        selam isem g
        berhe is not going to be happy about ur colonizers remark, he is a strong supporter of ascaris( slave Mussolini soldiers), he is gonna be mad and tonight he might make u say yiakil morethan the usual, more than the Sudanese kefaya.
        is paulos forgot what he siad about his grandpa love story with the ascaris or is he just simply pathetic, who doesn’t know what he talking about?

        • iSem

          Teodros Alem F
          I advised you to stop commenting when you boyfriend abuses you. First cry and beg him then when you are calm, comment,u will make more sense

          • Teodros Alem

            selam isem
            what r u talking about? r u trying to insult me or what? U r a real g f .
            u told us, ur skirt, kessela story urself. I thought u r proud of it ?

          • iSem

            Teodros Alem F.

            Yes, am trying to insult you. And what are you doing? I never told you kessala story. I do not like people like. You are a trainer of that staff.
            Because you are that. Liar.
            Again if your boy friend hurt you, there is help, do not take it on the forum

          • Teodros Alem

            selam isem g
            why insult me? Insult the first Sudanese, ur birth and nature, they r the one to be blamed, it is nothing to do with me.
            what a f g

      • Simon Kaleab

        Semere A.

        A ****hole result instead of El Dorado. A predictable outcome

        The dead from both sides are laughing in their graves. At least they have peace.

    • Simon Kaleab,

      If you are a blackman and an african, inviting back the white colonizers will still leave you forever in the same sh*t h*le. Your masters will never let you become any better than you are now.

      Maybe you have far right white friends. If so, you should know that they are laughing at you behind your back.

      Even if you are of an italian stock, you better read history and how the anglo-saxons were treating southern european refugees in the 18th and early 19th century america. They saw them as second class people, and you will be one.

      If you have obsession with strong men, as you have shown on many occasions, remember you will be used and discarded.

      Condemning africans to live under the white master, shows that you are ready to downgrade their humanity with any opportunity you may find. You do not believe that they deserve freedom. Africa and africans are changing, even if traitors continue to govern them. It’s you who has a colonized mind.

      • Simon Kaleab


        Why do you live in the West?

  • Hope

    GREAT NEWS – UAE Investing Heavily in Eritrea – the Next Dubai?

    (By Simon K Hagos) – ሕቡራት ሃገራት ኢማራት ዓረብ፡ ኤርትራ ማእከል ንግዳዊ ስሕበት ቐርኒ ኣፍሪቃን ከባቢኡን ንምግባራ፡ እጅግኣ ሰብሲባ ትሰርሕ ከም ዘላ ተሓቢሩ። ቐጠር፡ ምስ ሕቡራት ሃገራት ኢማራት ዓረብ ዝወዳደር ፕሮጀክትታት’ኳ እንተነበራ፡ ሒዛቶ ዝመጸት ሕቡእ ኣጀንዳ፡ ንድሕነት ኤርትራን ከባቢኡን፡ ኣስጋኢ ብሙዃኑ፡ መንግስቲ ኤርትራ፡ ተባዕ ስጉምቲ ብምዉሳድ፡ ካብቲ ከባቢ ክንጽላ ኪኢሉ’ሎ።

    ንነዋሕን፡ ሓጺርን ዝዓለሙ ወፍርታት ተበጊሶም፡ ድሮ፡ ኣብ ጸሓያዊ ጸዓት፡ ትሕተ ቕርጺ፡ መጓዓዝያ፡ ብሰፊሑ ስርሓት ጀሚሩ፡ ኣብ ኣተኣማማኒ ኩነታት ይርከብ።

    ኣብ ምስፋሕን ምጽጋንን፡ ወደባት ባጽዕን ዓሰብን፡ ገዚፍ ወፍሪ ጀሚሩ፡ ኣብ ትሕተ ቕርጺ እዘን ወደባት፡ መሰረታዊ ለውጥታት ይግበሩ ኣለዉ። ወደብ ባጽዕ ብፍላይ፡ ብመለክዒ ዓለምለኻዊ ቕጥዒ፡ ኣብ ኤርትራን፡ ቐርኒ ኣፍሪቃን፡ ዝዓበየ ወደብ ንምግባሩ፡ ሕቡራት ሃገራት ኢማራት ዓረብ፡ ሰፊሕ ስራሕ ጀሚራ ትርከብ።

    ብጀካ’ዚ፡ ሕቡራት ሃገራት ኢማራት ዓረብ፡ ኣብ በርበራ፡ ብDP ዝዕመም፡ ሰፊሕ ፕሮጀክት ኣብ ምክያድ ትርከብ። ገለ ገለ ጸብጻባት ከም ዘአንፍትዎ፡ ኢትዮፒያ፡ ንእሽቶ ክፋል ናይቲ ወፍሪ ክትሽፍኖ፡ ትጽቢታት ኣሎ።

    ኣብ ኣስመራ፡ ሓድሽ መዕርፎ ነፈርቲ ኣብ ዓሻ ጎልጎል ንምስራሕ፡ ከም መጀመሪ፡ 600 ሚሊዮን ተሰሊዑ፡ ስርሓት ኣብ ምጽፋፍ ይርከብ።

    UAE is investing heavily to make Eritrea the strategic economic hub in Red Sea region and beyond. It is believed that, Qatar had similar strategy but dropped due to its parallel evil agenda on Eritrea.

    Short term and mid term investments will be on Hydroelectric, infrastructure and transportation. The port of Massawa and Assab will see major investment and transformation and construction will start as soon as the design is ready and to guarantee the peace, Ethiopia may have a share of investment like Barbara port with DP.

    A new Asmara airport will be built in Asha-Golgol with initial $600 US million dollars and Massawa airport will be redesigned and expand as international world class to make the biggest airport in Eritrea and region to reflect the economy activity in the area.

    The major investment will be in Massawa (the future of Dubai). Also Ethiopian Airlines will make Asmara it’s second hub and Massawa Emirates hub in the near future once the infrastructure is ready (Asmara to Europe direct flight in December and Washington DC to Asmara and Toronto to Asmara direct flight in February) Add to that…Saudis undisclosed major investments, Italy, Russia…el at.

    Eritrea will be the next Singapore politically and economically in a short period of time. The potential is huge and that’s why Eritrea is working hard to stabilize the region and paid huge price for two decades.

    When finished, all the projects outlined will cost 32 billion”.

    TN blocked me for responding the follwoing:
    Hi All:
    Is this the 03 way of a diversionary tactic or a real Project?
    $32 Billion?
    The guy crushed the 03 fake news.
    But here is my point:
    What Eritrea and Eritreans are in a DIRE NEED is:
    An All Inclusive and Constitutional and Participatory Governance.
    Then after, Eritreans do NOT need any further Rules or Laws as they are a SELF-GOVERNING people.
    All the aforementioned MEGA and LUCRATIVE Projects.
    We cannot separate Economic Freedom/Growth from Basic and Political Freedom

  • tewelde stephanos

    Since the comments are all over the place, I will try to respond generically. For those who doubt Eritrea’s clean energy potential is unrealistic please listen to Planet Money’s
    “The World’s Biggest Battery” here
    The relevant part starts at 11:40

    Similarly, as the article suggests, “water from the Red Sea can be channeled to the Danakil depression or to artificial lakes on higher elevations” where gravity does half of the work and pumps/generators do the other half during peak solar/wind hours. Think of it as a river that starts and ends in the Red Sea. Given the high temperatures in the depression, evaporation will be high, which means reduced volume of water to pump back to the Sea. High evaporations may also help improve chances of precipitation in the region as well as encourage more efficient salt mines as good by products.

    If artificial lakes at higher elevation is deemed to be a better option to avoid interference with potash mining, the process is reversed. Pumps/generators do the first half of the work to fill the high elevation lakes and gravity returns the water to the sea. With milder temperatures at the higher elevations, creative entrepreneurs will have a good chance to open resorts in the lake area. Gently slopped and very low maintenance swimming pools where the water is always in motion — similar to the beautiful park the city of Chico, California has built using the Sacramento river — can be nice additions to such resorts.

    Other than spouting cynicism and pessimism, some of the comments have nothing to do with the points raised in the article. They only amplify the article’s theme that poverty of imagination is what continues to keep us down. History is typically not made by cynics and pessimists. That is why in spite of nay sayers, optimists are the heroes who continue to build the world’s wonders such as the Suez/Panama canals, the Golden Gate Bridge, the Hoover Dam, FedEx, The International Space Station, the Internet, space exploration and a million others once thought impossible.

    If I believe something is impossible, all that says is it will not be done by me. It is only impossible to me, not to others. What is proposed is nothing new. It is done in developed countries routinely. It is only new to Eritrea and it can only get done when we start believing it is possible. –tewelde

    • Gerogee

      Hi TS

      Nobody suggested that is impossible for Eritrea to have a clean energy. It’s just that you injected politics which expose your intention. You don’t care about energy you just want to dangle coean energy s so that we can get rid of Eritrean government. “Hey desperate Eritrean people, get rid of your leader we got honey and milk ready for you.”

      That’s an old trick the global Mafia used. by the way a project like that would require hundreds of millions of dollars. Nobody’s going to just give it up so you can have free energy! They need concession. They need something big and return I would be paying for it for the next 30 Years.

      • Hope

        You missed it as usual.
        Your empty bravado and hallucinatory/delusional and conspiracy theories about the CIA and the M16 is but a bogus one.I used to be YOU.But NO more.

        Here is my challenge to you.

        Can you give us your solutions then if you are refuting and belittling every solution suggested?
        Do NOT tell me to be in the status quo as it has NOT worked for 2 decades.

    • Hope

      Selam At Tewelde:
      I read your THESIS/Desertification Paper like Article at least three times now.

      OMG,Tewelde,congrats for such an EXCELLENT PIECE!

      Your approach/Article is unique in a sense that you touched every aspect of our problems and their solutions.

      Your Pathways and models are Scientific.I hope you are invited for the May 24th Forum by the YeAkil Group in Washington ,DC.

      This is one of the BEST and EXCELLENT Articles written on and about Eritrea!
      Yes,indeed, Ezra Addi TESFA ALEWWA!

      The BEST complimentary Article to that of Prof Araya,as it has dealt ,at least partially, the Bright Economic Future of Eritrea.

      This Article forfeits the old and new FAKE narration of our old and new enemies, who have FALSELY claimed that Eritrea cannot be a viable nation economically, when the FACT is the exact opposite:
      That Eritrea is and will be one of the RICHEST nations in the world.
      I took it for granted that u took it for granted that the Tourism,Fishing,Salt,Precious Metal (70% of Eritrea’ Land)and Potash Mining (300-400 yrs of mine life!!!)Industries will make Eritrea ONE of those RICHEST NATIONS sunder the Sun!
      There is a reason as to why I listed this potential of Eritrea being mismanaged by the Regime as one of my Conspiracy Theories!

      The Natural Gas and Petroleum potential that the Energy Intelligence mentioned that Eritrea has MASSIVE Gas and Petroleum Deposit in our Northern Red Sea alone speaks volumes about Eritrea’s bright economic future .

      As far as the Clean Energy Resources of Eritrea is concerned,you are SPOT on; and am glad you mentioned the future Red Sea Dam,as Prof HossAna scientifically stated and PROVED that feasible potential in one of his Scientific Research works!
      I wish you mentioned his Article and as part of your References!

      The major dilemma is as to how to prepare to avoid or minimize the bad experience “the very rich with natural resources third world countries” have gone through since such huge natural resources could be a CURSE besides being a source of endless conflicts and destructive external interference .
      I am also glad that you mentioned about selectively involving the Scandinavian Nations to be our future partners!

  • said

    Being Far from your homeland and being a stranger in other countries can be overwhelming experience from some . For every Eritrean diaspora can truly experience beauty at every instance; in every place at any circumstance; It is seeing beyond the obvious; It is the cleansing of the Mind and the Heart at the breaking of the morning to entwine with the unfathomable wider universe; the boundless realms of unlimited possibilities;
    Seeing the positive in the Divine’s creations by conditioning the Mind and Heart to discern the wheat from the chafe even in the most wrenching moments, at each challenge to one’s senses, sensibilities and perceived ideal realities;
    Living beauty at every instance by eliciting the ultimate purpose and meaning of existence, even at the most cynical episodes as one relaxes the guards over one’s emotions and preconceived ideas, thoughts and sensory perceptions; It is living Divinity as the emanating source in the oneness of the mind, the soul and the spirit.
    Vanishes all Dichotomies, Separation walls, between the perceived actual and the imaginary, for, in the continuum of existence, in the wider unfathomable universe, they all unite in eternity;
    It is living beyond the limitation of the I, the prison of the ego that blocks the rays of the morning sun;
    Ever unbounded; ever free to float with each perceived novelty of an ever-boundless universe: a feather flying in the wind; unobstructed rays of the sun; the clouds ushering in announcements of the renewal and the rebirth of life. Smile to the world, bounty and colorful as we internalize in an expression of a larger self in a perfect harmony of a man and nature.
    For every Eritrean diaspora, written and speaking about Eritrea country can be somewhat emotional and personal and different prospective. For us as diaspora, the experiences of leaving former identities framed in memories of the our beautiful country , land escape , diverse people, food smells, tastes, older children smiles, children laughter, tears and other feelings wrapped in the our divers ethnic native tongues and rebuilding our own person hoods and lives in foreign words, living in foreign land with different custom – A new foreign scopes, adjusting to new foreign frameworks held together with our Eritrean divers culture and values, way of life’s and beliefs and norms of others gives us a special opportunity to see Eritrea dimensional differently .Some of us recognize the mechanisms carefully hidden by the very machination of the social structure. The revelation, at the same time, reveals our essential beings hidden in our former-selves.
    Eritrean refuge each have his own stories of individuals that are also the stories of a people forced into exile by Ethiopian imperial power, greater than they. King Haile Selassie and his western allies include the world’s two most powerful governments. Those allies have proven time and time again that justices, international law, compassion and fairness are not what motivates them. This has created a political situation that tried and failed miserably but continues to try and erase Eritrean and its people from the annals of history. Yet, they have not succeeded in that task. Eritrea got its independence. A thirty year of struggle and what a phenomenal testament to the courageousness of the human spirit. And today some how we have the same spirit but set in totally different time and place. That these narratives of unique lives lived in that exile diaspora land and scattered and in wandering around. Eritrean refuge they are as old as humanity itself and as new as the last refuge escaping Eritrean from IA regime, it is about their survival. Survival in desperate, dangerous and desolate circumstances; Eritrean political circumstances created by IA and his corny armies and sell out minions whose understanding of the human spirit is only that it is something that must be crushed at will, and many end up suffering at the brutal hands of IA regime.
    Each individuals tell tale is a brutal story , with different interpretations of the circumstances and consequences escaping destruction of their lives, yet heart-rending reminder of how heartless decisions by IA regime destroy normalcy families, faith, love, youth hopes and dreams. Despite the fear, despair, desolation and often facing high death risk, their stories and whose lives they describe maintain hope. It is that hope that not only keeps them live, but also what gives these tales their integral humanity.
    Eritrean experience and descriptions of violence, passions, love and desperation and many stated to weave a new life in a new land, a tapestry of the Eritrean experience in their short voyage human history. For most Eritrean experience in diaspora. One thing is clear is that the idea, as Eritrean people, a national custom and strong heritage exists within the heart and souls of those who share it. Nothing in common with IA regime —not wars, not fighting and not guns, not hate, not serving as salve can remove that idea living in peace. Numerous writings from Eritrean have made this clear, but few have done so as adroitly and poetically as awate site has done here. Antonio Gramsci used to say that cultural resistance is either the rehearsal for political resistance or the means employed when political resistance is not possible.

  • Blink

    Dear all
    Do we ever consider that the Eritrean refugee society are being used to advance an agenda that is alien to the refugees themselves? Many people brag about their knowledge of the refugees as well as some who brag about their families who were there and now living somewhere else. The surprising thing in this is that some people never thought to reflect on their specific agenda . I would like to see these activists or what ever they call themselves question their business model for once a time .

    Second point the ex EPLF and ex ELF who are hell bent to ride the youth voice in order for them to occupy the next government, how on earth do they assume the youth are idiots and would not know what exactly these old men were doing in the past 30 years , the youth knows well and good about these old crooks can employ some of the youths ( bayto did that by hiring some ELF sons ) and the Eritrea Focus are trying to hire some youths too , but at what cost do they think the youth will be exploited by few youths who ride the old ELF craziness as well as EPLF heroic achievement of the past ? I question their frame work while I completely reject all their blueprint of democracy for Eritrea because they never do hope for it.

    Every social science doctor who is retired or who can’t find lucrative business is zooming to Eritreans political game and I am assuming the normal people will find out more about these heinous facts of these people .

  • Mesfin

    Greetings to all awate team!

    Great article and detailed. Eritreans need lecturers like you. Our people are demotivated and as you said it: education and hard work are thrown aside. Someone aliening him/herself with hardworking people is considered as a weak person. We have seen it children, under the age of 10 leaving their family, they school to neighboring country Ethiopia. The system at home is designed mass destruction. Family values are lost.

    I hope that your article is read by many Eritreans and hopefully take something for themselves.

    • Gerogee

      Hi mesfin

      I don’t know which Country you’re writing about. I know it’s not about Eritrea. Education is free. So is medical treatment. You need to check your facts.

      • Hayat Adem

        In Eritrea, education and health care are free and flat.

        • Gerogee


          Yes it is Flat, for those who are Flatlined.😁

          • Hayat Adem

            Gerogee, and it is free for the georgette! tsk.tsk:)

          • Gerogee


            Thanks for recognizing. I knew your pulse would kicking sooner or later😁

    • said

      Selam, Mesfin

      The only sadness’s that are dangerous and unhealthy are the ones that we carry around in public in order to drown them out with the noise; like diseases that are treated superficially and foolishly, they just withdraw and after a short interval break out again all the more terribly; and gather inside us and are life, are life that is unlived, rejected, lost, life that we can die of.
      — Rainer Maria Rilke

      It is much more serous than what you wrote , it is life and death for many Eritreans . it’s more essential than ever to understand how IA got to rule Eritrea singlehandedly and who put him there. Then we need to make sure it doesn’t happen again. The life of Eritreans translates into nothing in the Eritrea system of value the agency of death. The only thing collective madness of PFDJ understand is brutality. When they rain down death … that is the fate they demand. malevolent, inhuman, devoid of compassion and Empathy ,devoid of human face, heart and blood .We are used to the bad news we have been deluged with bad, even mortifying, news, and for 29 years, the mind reels in bafflement as the spirit sinks. Despair seems an apt response to events one cannot reconcile, of circumstances of which one cannot gain perspective nor control. have been catastrophic and apocalyptic.

  • said


    The future of business in solar energy is here. What Eritrea need vertically integrated solar company?

    The megatrend that renewables represent the future , and clean energy represents, is future and unstoppable, Eritrea should be trying to tie its future to its natural resource, it has in abundance sunlight. Eritrean people for sure want to be part of this trend, Eritrean should create a company that is vertically integrated company with major partner in solar and clean energy technology .
    Ideally China-based Solar company , top tier solar projects developer and one the world’s largest maker of the highest performer quality photovoltaic panels, most effective and most powerful in the industry in solar cells and module manufacturing over 5.GW yearly capacity and deal one the top ten of modules industry in world. The products got the top three rank in performance ratio in the global modules test. The highest fine-quality products and reliable quality. Eritrea new entity being part of consortium company and leading , can provide solutions of projects consulting, designing, installation, network support, for large utility scale of the solar projects. Eritrean can provide solar project and will integrate energy projects power generation, distribution grids and storage.
    As a vertically integrated company, Eritrea partner should tier one global brand of the largest solar module supplier in the world. One of the world’s most bankable solar panel manufacturers. Eritrea consortium company will bring one-stop system integration solutions that will included solar PV project development, site study feasibly study, financing, design, engineering construction, operations & management .
    Eritrea partner should aim a Chinees solar power developer , that will bring and meet highest quality conventional solar panels and bring latest solar technology system, known as concentrated solar, in which mirrors focus sunlight to create heat. but will be adding many added value chain and we have put consortium of companies working with us to bid for upcoming solar project in Eritrea that generate, store and distribute electric power. In addition will bring a battery storage and Eritrea consortium of companies will become Eritrea leading renewable solar Eritrea company must have team of experts in solar power

    Eritrea future company ,must completely have chose the highest quality and agnostic as to what panels it will installs that it could be a new added vehicle for our company to take advantage of what is being forecasted major solar project in Eritrea will experience growth in solar power in the coming years.
    Eritrea hopes that renewables, which now represent zero or negligible amount of the energy it uses. Eritrea future government have to reshape its energy mix at home but also to emerge as local and reginal force in clean renewables power. the strategy will in one day will finally making progress after fits and starts, solar project will going ahead. what is widely expected to be major market.
    The country’s location and climate mean it has plenty of promising sites for solar Eritrea solar investments
    Eritrean company .its future revenue model .should be focused on capturing value throughout the life of the asset, integrating in-house development, operational management and asset financing expertise to optimise competitiveness.
    Eritrean company , will plan, develop, construct and connect the solar farm designed specifically for Eritrea climate criteria.
    The cost of solar energy has come down significantly over the last five years making solar generation a viable alternative to traditional Saudi retail electricity.

    As an example a solar farm project that would generate enough electricity to power up to 50,000 homes. The project will cost about $40 million and would create hundreds of jobs for Eritrea. The aim is in creating jobs and creating manufacturing as an added value built Eritrean manufacturing equipment like solar panels, an area now dominated by chines companies that are better able to compete on price. The future of business in solar energy is here and Eritrea bright future will be part of it .

  • Mahmud Saleh

    selam All
    ” ነዚ ህዝቢስ ሰላም ጥራይ ሃብዎ እምበር ንመን ከምዝሽይምን ንመን ከምዘውርድንሲ ባዕሉ ኣለዎ። እምበር ከ 20፡ 30፡ 40፡50 ዓመታት ኣብ ስደት ክትኩብልል ጸኒሕካስ ሃገር እንተዘየመሓደርኩ ኢልካ ወጠጥ ኣሎ እዩ? ወይከ ደቀይ፡ ንዓስርተታት ዓመታት ዝኣክል ኣብ ስደት ዝነበረ ሰብ ደኣ ሃገር ከመሓድር ዘይኮነስ ናብታ ትውልዲ ዓዱ ክኣቱ’ኮ መራሕ መገዲ የድልዮ’ዩ፡ ኣይትዓሽዉ እዞም ደቀይ። ርግእ ጥራይ በሉ፡ ነዚ ህዝቢ ድማ ቅሩብ እፎይታ ሃብዎ እምበር ባዕሉ ኣለዎ፡ ኣብ ምንታይ ድዩ ጸኒሑ? ”
    ቃል ናይ ሓደ ደቁ ክርኢ ካብ ኤርትራ ዝመጸ ኣቦ።
    Courtesy; my FB.

    • Selam

      Selam M.S

      እዚአስ ሳጥናኤል ኢሳያስ ናብ አገልገልቱ ስርኤላት ብ 03 ጊሩ ዘመሓላለፋ መልእኽተያ ትመስል። ምሓሙዳይ እስኻ ውን ካንቶም ስርኤላት ኢኻ መስለኒ ምኽን ያቱ ካብ ብሓሊኡ ደጋሚኡ ስለዝኾነ።
      ናታስ ንሓማታ ድዩ ዝብሃል። ነቲ ሕዝቢ ሰላም ከሊእዎ ዘሎ መንዩ? አብ ዓዱ አብ ገዛእ መሪቱ ዲያቢሎስ ኢሳያስን ከማኻ ዝአመሰሉ መላእኽቱን ነታ ሃገር ዓሲልኩማ። ስለዝኾነ ድማ ሰላም ስኢኑ ናብ ሙሉእ ዓለም ተዘሪዩ

    • Haile S.

      Selamat Mahmud,

      እዚ ደቁ ክርኢ ዝመጸ ኣቦ ኣብርሃም ኣንቲኮ ድዩ ወይስ መብራህቱ ሶሎሞን?

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Ahlan HaileS
        ንሃገራዊ ድሕነት ዝምልከት ምስጢር ዩ።

      • Selamawi Asmare

        Selam Haile
        Do you know Abraham Antico’s father killed himself due to PFDJ?
        Kind regards

        • Haile S.

          Selam Selamawi,
          I didn’t know. What a tragedy! I am sorry for his father and for him.
          I like watching these two comedians. They are very talented actors. I mentioned them thinking only a comedian would say that.
          Here is one of Antico’s funny comedies:

        • Haile S.

          Selam Selamawi,
          Me again. I guess my sentence was confusing because of a missing comma (now corrected). I was saying was the father or the man Abraham Antico himself as a comedian. I would never allude to his father where there is no connection of idea, profession or knowledge about. Sorry, I was late to comprehend.

          • Selamawi Asmare

            ሰላም ሃይለ
            ጸገም የሎን፡

            ኣኼባ ሎሚ ዘመን ኮይኑኒ’ዩ ኣይትሓዘለይ

            ሰብ ቀደም ዘመን ብጥዕሙ
            ሓው ንሓው ይነግር ውሽጣዊ ሕማሙ
            ኣሕዋት ከኣ ይተኣኻከቡ ኣብ ዝጥዕም ባይታ
            ኢሂን ሚሂን ኢሎም ሽግር ሓዎም ይፍታሕ

            ሎሚ ግን. . .

            ወዪ መተኣኻኸቢ ኮይኑ መኣከቢ
            ብዙሓት ፈላጣት ኢና ብሃልቲ ኣካቢ
            ኩልና ፈላጣት ኣኼባ ክንኣኻኽብ ስለንፍትን
            ከይተኣኻኸብና ከም ማአዶ ንብተን

            ሰላም የውርደልና

          • Haile S.

            Selam Selamawi,
            Great points, and I like your poem. And thank you for reminding me ማእዶ.

            Speaking about these controversial meetings, the controversy is multidimensional, but if we were to come to the basics of the fabric of our society and look inwards, half of it would already be solved. Here is a poem I shared the other day with a very dear friend.

            ሰብ ትዋዳእ እንሃለት ኣብ ዓወተ
            ገሊኡ ይብል ኣይተልዕሉ ቀደም ዝመተ
            ገሊኡ ይብለ ሕራይ ንበል ቕድሚት ንዘቛመተ
            ምስማዕ መሪጸ ኣነ፡ ዕላል ኣደይ ስዕዲ (ስ) ምስ ኣደይ ኣመተ (ኣ)

            ስ- ኣመተየ ተኣኪቦም ዶ ሰሚዕክን
            ኣብቲ እንዳ-ሽወደንክን
            ኣ- ስዕዲየ ደሓን ዲና መን መይቱ’ዩ ዝበልክን
            ስ- ንስኽን ከኣ ዘይእዝንኽን’ዩ ዘስምዓክን
            ኣ- ደንግጨ እንድኣለይ እንታይ ድ’ዩ ኢልክን

            ስ- ኣብ እንዳ ሽወደን ተኣኪቦም ደቕና
            ኣ- እልልል ደቅኽን? … እልልል ምስ ደቅና?
            እልልል ተሳሊሞም መስቀል እታ ናህና?
            ስ- ንስኽን ክኣ ሕልምኽን ንሳ ጥራይ ኮይና
            ኣብ ዓዲ ስቶኮሎም ማለተይ’ዩ ዘለዎ ምስግና

            ኣ- እዋይ ምስግና ወደይሲ በለኒ ተኣኪብና ኣብ ሎንድራ
            ስ- እልልልል እሰይ ዝወደይ ንሻላህ ርሕስትና ይግበራ
            መርየም ውሃቢት እንዲኽን ትብላ፡ ሎምስ ሓዳር ሰሚራ

            ኣ- ስዕዲየ ኣይትብከዪ እንድ’ዩ ዘሎ ዘብክየኒ
            ከምኡ እንተዝኸውንሲ ካባኽን እንታይ ኣሕብኣኒ
            ብሎቲካ እህን ምሂን ክንበሃል ተኣኪብና እዩ ዝበለኒ

            ስ- ጣሃ ወደይውን ብሎቲካ ክድህስስ እዩ ነይሩ
            ኣደየ ጸልይልና ኢሉኒ ንሻላህ ኣኼባና እንተሰሚሩ
            ኣ- ወረ ከመዩ ክኸውን እስኪ ንሓዋሩ
            ወወሊድና ክበታተኑ ከም ደቂ ወኻሩ
            ስ- ረቢ ኣሎ ክመጹ እዮም ጽባሕ ክጽንበሩ

            ኣ- ኣንትን ስዕዲ እቲ ስቶኮሎም ሎንድራ ሓደ ዓዲ ድዩ
            ስ- እንድዒ ሓደ ይኸውን እምበር ካብ ተኣከቡ ክዝትዩ

            ኣ- ሎንድራ ብእግሊዝኛ፡ ስቶኮሎም ብዓረብኛ ይመስለኒ
            ይኸውን ኢለ እየ እንታይ ኣፍሊጡኒ ኢልክናኒ

    • Saleh Johar

      Ahln Mahmoud,
      The same was said about the hundreds of thousands of refugees who are languishing in Sudanese camps. They were pushed out by Haile Sellasie and kept there by the arrogant, cruel and inhuman brutes ruling Eritrea. I have a few of those refugees, do you have any relative in the refugee camps Mahmoud? What do you think the refugees will say if you were to go and read them your comment? Sometimes, the way a crime is belittled (with glee) is more painful than the original crime.

      • Mahmud Saleh

        weridwom refugees!! Please speak of yourself. I am speaking of those who believe they can call orders of regime change from the capitals of the world; I’m speaking of those who have been part and parcel of the forces that have aggravated the situation in Eritrea by emboldening our sworn enemies. Now, dig that. If I continue, it will get uglier.

        • iSem

          When I first learned about Ramadan, I asked what is the purpose of starving your self from dawn to sun set and it was explained to me that it was not starving, it was contemplation, refrain, humility…
          Now if you are not fasting show some humility in your condescending remarks here. I saw your self serving FB entry last night and was going to bring it here and comment about it but decided against it for myriad of reasons
          Now MS: who brought our sworn enemy to Eritrea, who gave them Badme, who slept with them and murdered Eritreans in Addis kidnapped Eri business men from Addis? Who?
          If you have guts, and truth as cousin Hope says, say it here and now
          Your nameless Abbo is either fictitious or one of those paid agents,
          The way you guys decided to take the country, it will be ugly for all of us but before that it will get uglier for you guys and even for your kids due to the ugly legacy they will inherit.
          I cannot be sure if the opposition in Addis did what you accuse them, most of whom are your fellow freedom fighters that you kicked from Eritrea with the HELP of TPLF otherwise known as Woyane also known as worn enemies of Eritrea, but whatever they did cannot be worse than that what you did so why you whining about it now? and also whatever they did, why are you punishing Erittreans with it, or are you implying that all Erittreans are emboldening sworn enemy. You are not making sense and it is not worth it whatever the your rewards are to say such silly things

        • Ismail AA

          Selam MS
          If I were you, I would do the impossible not be look ugliest. For the affected, the issue of refugees is personal before it is humanitarian. Sir, some us have loved once buried in refugee camps.

          • iSem

            Hi Aya Ismail:
            Sorry for your lose. For some of us who luckily never lost loved one in refugee camps still take the issue at heart because we saw the devastation that was caused by the combination of Ethiopian brutality and Mahmuday’s brutality by the enforcement of TPLF now sworn enemy. Once brave fighters were homeless unable to afford food and humiliated But MS has never owned to that he still think it was cool partner with TPLF and for him it is a badge of honor to have been part of a group that caused havoc to Eritrea more than the HS and Dergi combined. That is his problem.
            Now he has been emboldern and is threatening to make it ugly. Bring it on and I urge you (Ismail) and Saleh and Emma, and all his victims to make it ugly for him.

          • Ismail AA

            Selam iSem,

            Blessed should you and your family or close relatives by and large had been for not having to bury your dead in graves in the soil of those God forsaken camp sites in East Sudan. The despot and his regime have proven their coarse conscience when they cruelly denied families of their natural right to visit and reunite with their loved ones after liberation and decades of exile.

            Any one who claims to tamper with this human tragedy in the name of political or power related expediencies is an accomplice in crime the despot, his bigger sponsors and enablers as well as his dry-hearted surrogates have committed. Anyway, any comment on the plight of the refugees trying to manipulate their cause is ugly. And, sensible people shun and avoid ugly things.

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Dear IsmailAA
            You are not getting the point, I have already replied to SalehG, please read my reply to him. I would appreciate if you guys do not sensationalize things to get your way.
            I will stop here for now, but I must say that I am getting frustrated with the nonchalant way you are attacking the EPLF for cheap partisan scores. If you are dreaming that you will create a platform around ELF, good luck. But the relentless attacks are pushing me to the brink to retaliate in kind, It won’t be a good one.

          • Ismail AA

            Selam MS,

            On my part, I try to engage you as bona fide compatriot who uphold a different point of view than mine, unlike the marauders who criss-cross this forum with fake names. The issue at hand is sublime, and is beyond being a case for manipulation or sensationalization. So neither do I need to get a way, nor do am I in a mission “create a platform around (the)ELF”.

            Just to restate the obvious, what you are saying is reflection of the hallucination that haunt the despot. It’s a mind set that houses deplitating nightmare he had succeeded to share with his loyalists. For him the ELF still exists and its members should be harrassed, jailed and liquidated. His problem with the refugees in Sudan is that he thinks the ELF is there. But, to put it in post liberation perspective though, it’s true the ELF is an idea in its own right. It has constituencies as the EPLF also does. But, feel assured that it is not in the way the despot and his supporters perceive it to be. So luck of lack of it in the sense you used does not make any sense.

            Sorry for going this far; you should understand there was no need to bring that statement by a visiting gentleman into this forum unless needed for provoking and shift the debate on a good front page article.

          • Saleh Johar

            Ahlan Ismail,

            When I first posted this picture, Am Makes hammed Hassen was alive. He passed away about a year ago in Seattle. Now all are gone and some PFDJ goons want to keep their children away for ever so that they can rule without hindrance. They think they will live alone forever. No compassion no humanity, no basic decency. The pfdj behavior induces vomiting.

          • Ismail AA

            Hayak Allah Saleh,

            PFDJ’s lease of life is the same as its owner. When the owner disappears, his shop will close, and not open the doors the way it did before with the owner around. What bothers is surrogates do not get that it is the way it is with despots. They leave orphans behind.

            It’s the time they wake up from stupor and realize the worst their imaginations never contemplated upon in fact happened. They see those who survive years of incarceration walking in streets, ubiquitous spies disappear, scores of citizens congregate no longer looking left and right for spies, above all new faces arrive from exile and add to crowding urban and rural settlements. Among those will be Am Mohammed Hassan’s children and grandchildren.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Ismailo,

            (a) PFDJ’s lease expires with the despot (a little modified)
            (b) Despots leave orphans behind.

            These are good reminders for the staunch supporters of the despot.

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Selam Ismail AA
            Sir, I have watched you and a couple of others trying to elevate ELF legacy at the expense of the EPLF. You often describe the EPLF as sectorian, or as a property of one man, etc, etc. That is just deplorable. I have long concluded that both organizations belong to the people and history will assign credits to each of them according to their contributions.
            What I’m saying is that if you think your narrow partisan outlook can help you form a rallying platform, good luck. I would like you to move beyond that; I would like you to defend Eritrean struggle without creating chasms,
            I want to restrain myself as much as possible.

          • Ismail AA

            Selam MS,

            Dear Mahmoud, nobody is trying to undermine EPLF legacy. Legacies are for posterity and the witness posterity will depend on is the record of those who leave legacy. On that score you need not ask me about the record the regime and its supreme leader are writing. I think future classroom curricula will certainly have a long chapter not on democracy but the first one-man dictatorship in Eritrea.

            Moreover, please do not jump to things I did not write. I never said or wrote EPLF is “a property of one man”. I said wrote the owner of PFDJ is one man; and this is not unique to Eritrea; it is nature of absolutist rulers. It is not about how many members they enlist; it is about how many people make decisions that can have drastic effect on the destiny of a nation. You country and mine has been run by whimsical decrees of one man.

            On outlook and partisanship, I will apologize to you if you can persuade me, and fellow forumers, in no uncertain term your support and defense of PFDJ is broad, enlightened and non-partisan. One last word, one defense of Eritrean struggle and refraining from causing “chasms”, I prefer to pass as a kind of foster family mentoring for I owe gratitude. Lastly, I say please do not restrain yourself from defending you views within civil interaction in this forum; it is your inalienable right.

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Selam Ustaz Ismail Aa and Emma
            It is about iftar time, i will try yo catch up tomorrow.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Mahmuday,

            To talk about the plight of our refugees and to tell personal lose in the dilapidated refugee camps is not sentionalization. At least a little humility and sympathy towards them is a matter of decency from any sensible person. Why do you bring this “fictitious Abbo” and “weriduwom refugees” when their plight is understandable to any reasonable person?

      • iSem

        Hi All
        ሓደ ስም ዘይብሎም ገባር ኣቦ ንደቆም ክሪኡ ናብ ሓዳ ዓዲ መጺኦም ከምዚ በሉ ይብሃል፡
        It was after the Student of Asmara were crowded and arrested and some died in WiA. A former rebel, who spend 30 years in the jungle and inventing anti social ideas can not administer civilian society in a civil manner: You guys are from the jungle and you need to be rehabilitated or you will change our civil society to a jungle.
        this words were of a elderty man who came to visit his kids in the USA and said in one day, one year, in one house of an Eritrean over one habesha coffee ceremony
        አብ ሓዳ ገዛ፣ ሓደ መዓልቲ፣ ሓደ ኣቦ: አብ ሓደ ዓዲ: Do you get the message awatista or should I PFDJitize it further, more?

      • Paulos

        Selam Ayay,

        “Sometimes, the way a crime is belittled [with glee] is more painful than the original crime.” Perhaps, decades ago, Hannah Arendt might have put it differently when she said “Banality of Evil” but what you just said is more resonant and deeper than anything I have read in this Forum.

        • Saleh Johar

          Hi Paulos,
          No. I can’t take any credit for that. You should know the source is the Eritrean tradition: ካብ ክፉእ ዝገብሩኻሰ ክፉእ ዘምህሩኻ (remember that?) I just built on it with the help of the extra acidity that suddenly burst inside my stomach.

    • Consolation


      ሰላሳ ዓመታት ምኹብላል ኣይመጸገመን:: ኢቲ ጕድ እቶም ዕስራ ዓመት ናይ ወያነ ከደምቲ ኮይኖም ዘገልገሉ፥ ንህዝቢ ኤርትራ ክንመርሕ ኢሎም ኣብ ሆተላትን ኣደራሻትን ተኣኪቦም ክሕንጽጹ ምር ኣያን ከየስሓቐና ኣይተረፈን:: ሓንቲ ተጋዳሊት ከምዝበለትኒ፥ ኣብቲ ትነብሩሉ ሃገራት እንዳ ጽሉላት የሎን ድዩ ብሪሞት ኮንትሮል ዝመሓደር ሃገር ኣሎኢሎም ዝሓስቡ ዶተረ ፕሮፈሾረ ዝበሃሃሉ ምስረኣየት ዝበለቶ

      • Peace!

        ሰላም Consolation

        ሓደ ንእሽተይ ቆልዓ ንህግደፍ እንታይ ኢሉዎም መስለካ “ንሱኹምሲ ነንዶ ክትመርሑ ክትምርሑ እኳ ጋዶ”

        ኣስዕብ ኣቢሉ ኻኣ ናይ ህግደፍ ኡሱራት ጆክ ነጊሩና:

        ሓደ ኡሱር ሕማም ሹኮርያ ምስበርተዖ ንሕክምና ይኸይድ እሞ ንጽባሒቱ ሓንቲ እግሩ ቖሪጾም ናብ እስሪ ቤት መለስዎ

        ክምለስ እንከሎ እቲ ዋርድያ ተጸዊጉ ርኣዮ

        እቲ ኡሱር ኣብ ቡርቱዕ ቃንዛ ስለ ዝነበረ ስቕ ኢሉ ናብ ቦትኡ ኣተወ

        ድሕሪ ቑሩብ ሰሙናት ካኣ እታ ሹኮርያ ትብርትዕ እሞ ወሲዶም ካላኣይቲ እግሩ ቆሪጾ መለስዎ

        እቲ ዋርድያ ናይ ህግደፍ ካኣ እንደገና ተጸዊጉ ኣሕሊፉዎ

        ዳሕራይ እቲ እሱር ደንጺዎ ንቲ ዋርድያ ክልተ እግረይ ሲኢነ ርኣየኒ ይብሎ እሞ

        እቲ ዋርድያ ናይ ህግደፍ ካኣ ትቕብል ኣቢሉ በብቑሩብ ተምልጥ ኣለኻ ሓቀይ ? ክንሪኢ ኢና በሎ ይብለካ.


    • Lamek

      Mahmoud, I always argue that those of us who have been abroad for far too long should focus on providing technical assistance rather than trying to be in teqlay gizaat. It’s almost like a husband who had been estranged for years and goes back home and tells the mother of his kids how to feed the children. How many Eritreans do you hear who visit and say how the people are so different and cannot even communicate with their own parents and siblings? How can we then relate with millions of other strangers per se?

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Selam Lamek
        Thank you, and that was my point. By the way, i am included in that bracket because i hacve been away from the coubtry for more than two decades. Unforunately, some wanted to misrepresent it. Apparently, we do not “read” materials the same way.

    • Amanuel

      ሰላም ማሕሙድ
      እቶም ኣቦ ሪኢቶኦም እዮም ዝተዛረቡ። ኣብታ ናይ ምርጫ ሳንዱቅ ክኣ ሓንቲ ድምጺ እያ ዘላቶም።
      እቲ ጸገም ናቶም ናይ ጤልን ድሕሪ መጥሓንን ጽውጽዋይ ክነግሩ ዝድልዩ እዩ።
      ኣብቲ ምርጫ ንብጻሕ እሞ ነቲ ናይ ምምራጽ ጉዳይ ንህዝቢ ኤርትራ ንግደፎ።

    • Desbele

      Selam Mahumd
      30 ዓመት ብጉልባብ ገድሊ ዝተኸወለ ሽፍታ እኳ መራሒ እየ ኢሉ ሃገር የብርስ; ህዝቢ የጽንት ኣሎ።
      ንሱስ ተኹላ ኮይኑ መፈጠሩ፤ ከም በዓል ንስኻ ጎሲስኩሞ ዝመጻኹም ግና……ብምንታይ እኳ ከም ንኸሰኩም ሓርቢቱና- ዕሽነት፤ ጽላለ፤ድንቁርና፤ ኢሰብዓውነት

    • Haben

      Dear Mahmud,
      I consider you as an astute individual, but I do not expect you to describe Eritrean politics as simple as the visiting father describe it. Does the people now who they want to lead them, yes. But do they have the opportunity to elect their leaders, No. What I want to say is a single voice, who has the privilege of visiting America to his sons or daughters, does not represent the sentiment of the entire population. These kind of argument are used by politician to shore up their grip on power and run away from dealing with the real iqqssues at hand. Let me give one example what one Eritrean father said to PFDJ cadre: ሐደ አቦ ከምዚ ክብሉ ተዛሪቦም፣ ነዛ ሃገር ክትመርሕዋ ዘይትክእሉ እንተ ኾይንኩም ንምሁራት ዕድል ሃብዎም’. There is no a single voice inside the country, lets try to accommodate everyone.

    • Hayat Adem

      “ነዚ ህዝቢ ድማ ቅሩብ እፎይታ ሃብዎ እምበር ባዕሉ ኣለዎ፡…”
      Give the people a break, is the message here in the pull out you gave us from an Eritrean elder. So who is suffocating the people none stop and denying them a break? Isn’t that the guys in power?


    This writer comes up with societal transformational approach, starting from the ‘self to address a host of structural socio-economic, political and cultural problems and with an awareness on renewable energy and sustainable growth. In one of the three huge economic enterprise he seems to suggest the use of the Red Sea-water to drain to the Danakil Depression to have hydro-electric power. If this is correct, introducing sea water to the rift valley add to an already salty environment and at the end of the day what good is a salty river even if this would be in exchange for cheaper and renewable energy. Depending on the topography, re configuring the land to drain the seawater may also be prohibitively expensive. The Scandinavians may have no appetite for this type of project and you would have to farm it to the Chinese.

    Structural socio-economic, political and cultural problems rooted on regional imbalances due to colonial and neo-colonial policies and the attendant process of urbanization, goes far beyond the problems due to recent players since independence in 1991. Issayas rule may have compounded the problem and compromised Eritrea, including its sovereignty, to conditions far worse than at the time of independence.

    The role of the leftist ideology and its impact on our 30 year war for independence and post independent Eritrea, and as adopted by Issayas, should be evaluated just so that we know how we got here and the roots to our problems. There was no way we could not have been part of the international revolutionary zeal that engulfed oppressed societies. It permeated into our languages and songs – awet nahafash, gesgasi, adharhari, etc. It was fully woven into the goals or liberation movements such as EPLF, ELF not just to liberate the land from occupiers, but also to free the people from age old customs, and traditions that would stand on the way to transform the society. It may have played critical role in stripping centuries old fabric that held our society

    • Millennium

      Hi Miclelle:

      Eritrea is less sovereign now than before it was actually officially sovereign because of Isaia’s rule? Can you see the irony?


      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Millennium,

        A message where there is nothing to backup the message.


        • Millennium

          Hi Amanuel:
          Are you talking about “my message” or the message I responded to?


          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Millennium,

            I think your question is emanated from the following statement:

            “Issayas rule may have compounded the problem and compromised Eritrea, including its sovereignty, to conditions far worse than at the time of independence.”

            This statement could not bring the kind of sarcastic question you asked. So my statement is in reply to your sarcastic question. Why do you need twisting his statement? His statement is only indicating that the despot is compromising our sovereignty. If you want to negate his argument go and rebut it. Don’t use his statements for your own end by twisting it.


          • Millennium

            Hi Amanuel:
            It might be ok to say Isaias has compromised the sovereignty of the country; I might have a different view with regard to that but I can accept the claim as a subject of debate but to claim the country is less sovereign now than it was during the struggle for independence is a senseless exaggeration; needless to say, Eritrea had no sovereign existence at the time and your effort to support this guys claim is equally senseless


  • mokie berhe

    Salam everyone. There is absolutely nothing opening on the Eritrean private investment opportunity side. Call any Eritrean Embassy and ask them about private investment opportunities in Eritrea. They will never give you an answer but will instead give you an email and and ask that you send your queries thereto. I remember shortly after liberation back in 1991, there was a rush of diaspora Eritreans who returned home intending to invest, only to be frustrated. I really hope that the doors in this regard start to slowly open. I also hope that land will be privatized as well as the banking system. It would be great to have one of the larger Pan-African banks around such as Ecobank. I look at the land and financial problems that Ethiopia has and continues to experience. Should Ethiopia have long land long ago privatized land, they would have been able to avoid many of the security issues which are currently rampant in different corners of the country. In many corners of Ethiopia, they oftentimes say that major problems usually emanate from disagreements over land or women; at least one of these has a realistic chance of being solved.

    • Ismail AA

      Selam mokie berhe.

      Well, some people have been hoping for the last 28 years the things you mentioned to happen. It may not be proper to tell you such things won’t happen as graces faithful prayers promise deliver. Authoritarian regimes operate under the guise of crude vision or ideology that sustain an egoistic and power hungry supremo at the center of their weird universe. You and me know PFDJ was formed and nursed as a party of ideological hodgepodge meant to serve just one man. It still operates as such. So, the point is: why would you hope the things you have mentioned would happen? Just because he has mellowed down on matters that kept him worried to the bone and made kneel down to EPRDF’s Abij Ahmed?

      • iSem

        Hi Mokie and Ismail:
        You both are right. But to expect PFDJ to open the private investment is a pipe dream. I take that back, it I actually possible that PFDJ will open the private investment opportunities even privatize land and others if they need to, but the problem is two fold: PFDJ WILL never do it legally and many people will remember the fool me once, shame on me. and others will remember: መለበሚ አይግበርካን፡ መለበሚ አይግብርካ. So without making other changes regarding rule of law and justice and human right, very few people will take the risk. I will be a colossal failure and PFDJ know that from its failed initiative a few year ago
        To expect PFDJ to do as Mookie wishes legally is to say that PFDJ is a legal government, it is a mafia entity. They run a black market economy. And once they call for private investment, they will steal your ideas and run it themselves and since they do no have to pay taxes, your shop will go bankrupt. So this is classic case of the cart before horse. PFDJ must go and then the new government can implement internationally recognized process to run investment and professional banking system. In PFDJ you are looking at a government that doe not return the money borrowed in the form of bonds. Ethiopia has its own problems and corruption but if you had put your money in the bank you can count on it that you can claim it. A good example is an Eritrean who was in the Ethiopian army, I think he was a lieutenant of something and then he joined EPLF and after independence, he never thought of claiming his pensions, but after he left his pension was deposited in the bank and during a casual conversion with the late MZ, he learned that he could claim his pension and so he did and he was able to buy a good villa in Asmara with his lump sum.

        • Blink

          Dear isem
          You are always in advancing the midget Meles false propaganda at any cost , what kind of disease is that ? I mean how is that even going through your mind set. Suddenly Meles made rules for ex dergi soldier to claim his pension benefits. Waw what did the midget do to you guys ? Meles who canceled benefits of an Ethiopian president benefits, Meles who took hard earned money of all 90,000 Eritreans is suddenly in your mind giving benefits of an Eritrean Ex dergi soldier a benefit in a causal conversation. I mean Meles at any time can give billions if he wanted but to assume dergi soldiers get their benefits from Meles is a slap to all ex dergi soldiers who were begging in all Ethiopian big cities after 1991 . You are assuming people don’t know what happened to the benefits of ex dergi soldiers and come with a angle picture of Meles . What is wrong with you ?

      • mokie berhe

        Salam Ismail AA. I have seen stranger things happen and still hold hope. To recall during the last couple of years of the Derg, forced by a rapidly changing political backdrop, a transitional economic period was embarked upon during which time limited private investment (i.e. Ibex Hotel, Airport Motel) took place.

    • Blink

      Dear mokie
      The day PFDJ relax the economic policy is the day they will lose power and which means they are not yet ready to do so. I hope Eritrea don’t privatize banking and land ownership until our governing structure hold firm and accountable to the public and I think such thing will take many years up until the economy turns around , for some time at least the state has to own some voting power in any bank unless the poor will remain poor and the banks will only serve the elite without any trickledown pipe for the poor , there are many African countries who did but failed to defend the poor because once they open the gate the economic justice system will completely favor the elite in any sector . After the political game is settled economic justice is also the fight of every generation and I hope it will be always based on sound law of the land . Eritreans will not benefit from private companies unless the state implement structural change to the economy as well as make it equitable to all. African countries can’t win in the next economic challenge if the copy paste western blueprint about banks is advanced by Africans and in Eritrea by Eritrean elites , the poor which is all Eritreans in Eritrea will lose , while the government will downgrade their negotiating power and this will directly affect the state while letting their people suffer at the hand of globalists.

      I am not sure if there is any Eritrean who want to enter the market at this time and I would advise to wait a little while we sort out our problem at hand. Ethiopian banking has been a great misery to the poor and a great vehicle for the rich and corrupt people while poor people are left to dry while the IMF and world bank reported GDP growth at 10% for 30 years and I believe the economy didn’t work for the poor people yet , the banks benefited from the federal government loaned money while the economic integration of every state in Ethiopia is fragile . Ethiopian economy is at a very dangerous state and if they don’t do something soon the federal government will be forced to tighten its belt or something like a failed economy news will pop up in the western capitals because that is what they do .

      Land issues in Eritrea has been in a lousy line for generations and that means Eritreans problem about land is not even opened yet and it will be a toxic experience for any future government unless it handles with extreme care.

      • mokie berhe

        Salam Blink and many thanks for your comments. Such discussions need to now take place and it is something that I wish opposition groups would be more transparent in regards to how they stand. I look at the better performing and more stable countries in Africa and they mostly have both Federal and private banking systems. An omnipresent risk with only the availability of Government controlled banking is that it remains vulnerable to the whims of whomever is in charge of governance at the time. The TPLF and its lot benefited immensely from having a privileged position to private investment project offerings, which they then used to abuse the Commercial Bank of Ethiopia loan process. Regarding privatization of land, just look at how much land the TPLF and associates have virtually stolen and never developed and this is what is and will continue to fuel a lot of civil unrest and security incidents across the country. While I do not believe in the case of either Ethiopia or Eritrea to quickly privatize land holding, at least some major tracts of undeveloped land could be.

        • Blink

          Dear Mokie
          Thanks to you too , a true loving heart of any Eritrean would always put such discussion at the heart of everything politics can take . I was just imagining Eritrea will not be implementing a federal system as some of this forum keep advancing and if there is a central government that is loyal to the constitution as well as the country’s long term plan , I believe it will be most probably good. I admit private companies are equipped to analyze their assets but given our banking system at this time , I believe maturity is the key for any privatization of banking and also land . Remember private banks are all for the kill.

          Weyane copy paste is impossible to happen to Eritrea if we remove the weyane goons from our political circle.

  • Gerogee

    Dear Eritreans and peace loving Ethiopians

    This article reminds me of an Ethiopian writer/politician..(his name I don’t remember). One thing you can give Woyane credit for is there TENACITY. They’re like hyena on a bone. They are truly relentless. This article in the past similar articles remind me of Woyane. and they seem to have the fingerprint of Woyane, enemy of both all East Africans. This article cleverly tried to exonerate the murderous, puppet Woyane by omission. No kind of gimmick, camouflage, deception would make both Ethiopian and Eritrean people forget the atrocities committed and is being committed by Woyane. Anyway, I see some of your amateurish efforts and break them down.

    1. You said, “…we also face a renewed external threat from Ethiopia…”

    You mean to say, Woyane. Why are you afraid to use the word Woyane? It is Woyane that prevented the Ethiopian military from moving its mechanized division. I mean how can you miss that?

    2. “….why would 2 Africa nations choose Saudi “. This one is easy to answer.

    A. African Union is so incompetent 50 countries cannot even build 1. Meeting Hall. A Chinese have to build it for them and what does that tell you?

    B. AU was silent when Ethiopia annexed Us in 1952. Was silent when Ethiopia occupied Outland. Was silent when Eritrea was it legally sanctioned. they never did anything for us. At least the Saudis got a trillion dollars sitting in the bank account. At least the Saudis use the money to build their country. At least the Saudis have enough money to send their kids overseas for education. You can say anything you want about them but at least that using that money.

    I could go on and on. But I’ll stop here for now. Please don’t take Eritreans for a fool.

    • Berhe Y

      Dear Georgee,

      “George is getting upset”, you remind me George from Seinfeld.

      At least do some research and find out who the person is before you open your mouth and what he tried to contribute to the development of Eritrea.

      • Gerogee

        Dear Berhe

        Blink (think)has perfectly described you when he said, ” Berhe doesn’t care what happens as long as ….” why don’t you refute my points instead of regurgitating American pop culture. You are not impressing no one. Your type will burn Eritrea for your narrow rationalist agenda.

        • Berhe Y

          Hi George,

          It’s you who chose American nick name in the first place, Georgee. “Lord of the idiots” as castanza would call himself. If you write one sentence in any of the 9 ERITREAN languages I will stop.

          Why do you guys equate Eritrea the country with law life hasad called president. Many other countries have removed their dictators and they are doing just fine.

          For the record, I have never advocated for anyone but only Eritreans to remove the dictator, so that we have a smooth transition.

          Still nothing changed in my stand.


          • Gerogee

            Selam B

            I know you have a some challenges comprehending but why don’t you stick to my points I made. You bring an unrelated issue to the topic at hand. That’s not how you can engage people. You exhibit an extreme level of Common Sense deficiency. PIA was the original founder and leader of EPLF. The most disciplined, formidable gorillas fighting force that ever existed. no matter how many times you try to tarnish his name you can never take that away. Get that through your thick head. And there’s no point of bringing it up over and over. Because we going to give it to you over and over. You ain’t going to break us down. It just not possible. He is name has been cemented in history.

            Are u denying that AU is incompetent? Are u denying that China built AU.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Georgee,

            When did I deny that IA was leader of EPLF?

            I responded to your lies accusing the author as he is working for Weyane, with out even knowing who he is and what he tried to do for Eritrea in his own capacity.

            So he created EPLF so that to crown himself as king and rule fir life? Is that why he fought for?

            How he will be remembered, let’s leave that to justify to judge.

            Haile Selassie who the world celebrated when he was crowned king, he dined with kings and presidents, build Ethiopia and Africa Union was buried in his office.

            Sadam Hussein, who build one of the advanced economy in the Arab world, was hiding in the toilet tunnel with rats.

            Gaddafi who ruled Libya for over 40 years dragged like a dog and killed.

            So we have to see how it will end for Isayas.


          • Gerogee

            Hi B

            I think we have a communication problem. So, let make it easy for you. Show me where I said “you denied PIA was EPLF leader.”

          • Berhe Y

            I don’t know what’s your point. you like enklik ….

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Gerogee,

            “PIA was the original founder and leader of EPLF.” Wrong. Grade: Big Zero. The right answer is: Isaias stole an existing FRONT, EPL Forces, that was founded and lead by Osman Salih Sabe.

            You need to read about the Eritrean people history from different sources or you will appear continually ignorant.


          • Berhe Y

            Hi Hameed,

            This guy is funniest ignorant that I have seen. China build AU? Seriesly man… it is not the building that matters but the actual institution. AU was established in the 60s I think and China was under communist Moe then. Sure it build the new building out of its own cost, but that does not mean it build AU. Before China build this building after 2000 I think, where did the OAU, which later changed to AU, met?

            I don’t think he has any clue about Africa all together. I don’t think he has ever been anywhere in the continent…


          • Gerogee

            HI B

            AU building was built by China. Are you denying that fact? As far as the institutions forget about it. What institutions are you talkin about? I just finished telling you they can’t even build their own building let alone have any institutions. Are you that dense?

          • Selam

            Selam Gerogee?

            A simple question to you. who build UN building?
            Eritrean can’t feed her people but your Dictator tries to be a peace missionary

          • Gerogee

            Hi selam

            News flash, Eritrea feed its people. Your Woyane can’t. If you don’t believe me United Nations has been feeding you since 1972. Seems like you just landed from another planet.

          • Gerogee

            HI HAA

            No no u are the one living ignorant Kingdom. You disputing an established fact. I’ve seen you disagree with people that actually agree with you. You don’t read at all do you?

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Gerogee,

            I know very well, you require at least three decades to grasp an opinion. I don’t blame you if you refuse to accept the information I have given you. I recommend you to endeavor to minimize the years of your aptitude.

            The problem is you are programmed wrongly. You require complete formatting and installation of a fresh new program. I am sure, at the end of the day, the people of Eritrea will program you and all who are your likes.


          • Gerogee

            Dear H

            The number one spot belongs to Berhe when it comes to being Ignorant. # 2 you. But, but, if you keep it up you might be number one very soon. I am praying for you to be number one😁

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Gerogee,

            The problem is you are programmed to hear from the chip that installed in your mind. Your mind ceased to function, may be for a long time. Really, you are in prison, the same to those who were put to prison as “Hidri” as a deposit. Your fate is with the person who installed the chip in your mind. If you are lucky enough the chip will stop functioning. I am not angry with you, I am angry for you. I wonder, how many years or decades will take from you to think properly, give and take opinions, speak your mind freely and hear those who defer with you in their opinion as a sane and matured person. I wish you to come back quickly as citizens of civilized nation, those who come to streets to oppose before the decision is hatched.


  • Blink

    Dear Readers
    If You try to pin point the writer critism seems squarely on “ why do Eritreans pick up arms and challenge Ethiopian rulers . The attack the writer throw to Eritrean fighters in a generalized views seems a carbon copy of some like YG and smerr1 paltalk room where many Tigrians and arc enemies of Eritreans, people like the authors spend sleepless hours to make lies over lies to sham and bash Eritreans aspirations to own their country. The cheap shot he used are not new and certainly they don’t come from good hearted Eritreans but from a cash for insult factory side. How on earth are Eritrean fighters responsible for the crazy man in Asmara ? If Hailemenketios a guy who was at the top of EPLF and if. many ELF fighters who participated in many hero events were to be blamed for the mistakes done by Issias I don’t know who is free ?

    I don’t know the writer but he seems a guy who was clapping for the victory of EPLF and then disappeared with the wind when Issias continue to control the game or a guy just like YG filled with intellectual dishonesty who saw Eritrea from his small garment whole window.

    The author entertained many copy past of great minds and in fact he hadn’t even a single sentence of his own and the bad thing about such people are that they never were able to come out from their small caves they made long time ago .

    • Hayat Adem

      Read it if you haven’t or reread it if you did, and comeback with some direct quotes that support your claims:
      1) that the author is questioning why do Eritreans pick up arms and challenge Ethiopian rulers,
      2) that the author is attacking tegadelti,
      3) prove that the author’s intention is to insult Eritreans for a pay “insult for cash”;
      4) that the author copied it all from other great minds as you alluded to;

      .And you said this: “The author entertained many copy past of great minds and in fact he hadn’t even a single sentence of his own …”
      If he has “copied all” from other “great minds” and there is “nothing new” he added, how is it possible it is all lie and insult at the same time?

      The article is forward-looking and more about the future than the past. Right or wrong, he is discussing post Isias and how Eritrea can rise up again by unlocking its potentials and mobilizing its people and picking the right policies. The past was mainly brought up to show mistaken paths that should not be repeated. Why are you stuck in the past? If you are unabale to respect yourself and your time, respect your readers, or at least respect your friend Hope if no else; and take minimum care of what you write here.

      • Blink

        Dear Hayat
        So you did not read what he said about Fighters like “the liberators turned against their own people – only more vicious and more sadistic than any rulers before them (…) Eritrea sits precariously on a knife’s edge they launched an era of poverty.”That is a pay to insult unless not a single Eritrean will accuse on such level.

        You must be always looking for what you want to hide unless the article is filled with points any lay man can pick the core message of the author.

        I see the writer just as the past envelope that I know before.

        • Hayat Adem

          Adkhimkanny! You are incredibly a high maintenance guy. You write without care, and that invites reactions. But, you don’t care about your gaps, untrue claims, excessive accusations and that makes a very expensive guy for me keep check mating you with your endless messes. The author took time to give us a perspective to understand the past and a roadmap to improve the future. It is agreeable that the post 1991 period has gone wrong and weakened Eritrea and its aspirations. To improve that and to change the trend and the future for the better, hard decisions and choices must be made now. The author is offering that. You can argue on what he said, or present an alternative.
          The author said: liberators turned against their own people. What that means to me is the political system created post 1991 became the very anti-thesis of the liberation values and aspirations. It is also true. What it meant to you: the writer was questioning why do Eritreans pick up arms and challenge Ethiopian rulers and that he is blaming all tegadelti of the EPLF and the ELF for IA’s mistakes. Well, he was not. He was speaking of the post 1991. ELF tegadelti have nothing to do with that. ELF leadership were not the ones who gave the “shoot them” order to attack the veterans disable tegadelti at MaiHabar.
          The author said: Eritrea now is sitting at a knife’s edge. What that means for me is exactly that- as a direct consequence of all those paths of the post 1991 crimes and mistakes, Eritrea is indeed sitting at a knife’s edge. What that meant to you is the author is insulting Eritreans. Since when does stating the fact and the obvious become an act of insulting to any one? It is clear that the author is trying his best to contribute something to salvage Eritrea. A person who has that intention would never be interested in insulting the very people who is trying to help. And the actual language and wording he put out for everyone to read don’t carry anything that resembles insult. Where you bringing such stuff from? And when someone like myself alerts to your problems, you double on them instead of correcting. You don’t carefully say things; you don’t own your words; you don’t defend them…,you simply keep on bringing up more of the same.
          Why do you say: he is insulting? Why do you say he is insulting because he is paid for that? In your closing lines, you said “he copied all from other great minds” and “he brought nothing new”. How is it possible for a person to have copied content from other great minds, to have brought nothing new of his own and yet he insulted for a pay.
          It is very difficult to deal with you, guys. All you IA defenders (save Mahmuday for he is a different league) have one distinctive strength: you don’t care about what you say. Does what you say makes you liars? Who cares! Does what you say here makes you look like foolish? Does it make look like hypocrites; does it make self-contradicting; does it make you unprincipled; does it inflict shame on self; does it appear awry…? There is no feel of shame. You come with the next comment… and you all win by playing it dumb and move on.

          • Blink

            Dear hayat
            I really would judge you on your worst case but it will not make you learn from it , so why should I do that. You can pile up words over words and still remain true to your own words of bashing Eritreans as it comes . Your alternative world really need a day as well as night in order to fit to something human.

  • Ismail AA

    Selam all,

    The style, content and simplicity of delivery of ideas this contribution projects entice reader of Eritrea’s current affairs to re-read it. This is what I did. Thus, as an addendum to my hastily jotted lines of yesterday, I have paused on a few issues to which the author might not have paid attention. One of two of them turned to be gross generalizations.
    He wrote that “the liberators turned against their own people – only more vicious and more sadistic than any rulers before them (…) Eritrea sits precariously on a knife’s edge”. “…they launched an era of poverty, torture, murder and disappearances that spares no one — not even their disabled comrades or those who came back from the trenches with their courage and conscience intact. This broad-based viciousness has drained Eritrea’s self-esteem”.

    The term “liberators” is too broad and ambiguous when read and understood in the context and sense it is used – Eritrean affair. Since the liberation was an outcome of decades of cumulative national endeavor whose price in blood and resources the entire Eritrean people had p paid, it is an oversight to limit the credit it to segment of the national liberation movement that specific circumstances had helped to finish the war. This is to say that the part(s) of the liberators who were not allowed to be part of the post liberation cannot be included in the category that brought the nation to “a knife’s edge”.

    Moreover, even the EPLF fighters and general membership who returned home did so under a command and control system monopolized by one man through a clandestine inner circle party tightly knit together by elaborate spy network. Thus, in my view, the ordinary fighters and common folks civil functionaries cannot be blamed for crimes that have been done under the watch of a despot. In fact, majority of them became victims. The vicious dictatorship did also benefit from specializations and services committed anti-independence elements. For instance, despite his background as sworn pro-unionist, who wrote his dissertation on organic link of Eritrea to Ethiopia, the despot had appointed Dr. Amare Tekle to oversee the run up to referendum.

    On the transition body elaborated under chart 7, the author mentions some worthy names. But there is nothing to indicate how they he envisages to assemble them. Are they going to selected, and if so how, or elected from the groups enumerated in chart # 7 and other constituencies at a venue of some sort such as national conference?. Besides, there is clarity about how the organs of oppression and suffocation the despot has been using will be sanitized to fit in the ranks of the transition body that is to usher in the new era he advocates. One the one hand, the removal of the regime is emphatically called for, but on the other, the organs enabling the current dictatorship minus the top echelon get substantial place. The police and security organs come to mind, and good Heaven knows how the gentlemen and ladies in the transition body is going to work when state organs stay intact and deploy to protect and preserve stakes of their own as well as their former leaders.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Ismailo,

      Your critics and your reflections are spot on, on his “generalized critics” to the liberators, for the liberation comprises both ideological trends (a) those who were aspiring a constitutional democratic Eritrea and (b) those who are antithesis to this ideals and had the instruments of oppressions at their disposals to liquidate anyone who is on their way, throughout the liberation era till this date. The author dismissed those who were “struggling within the struggle” and who gave their ultimate lives to correct the flaws of the liberation fronts by giving generalized critics.

      Second, your critical lenses also are right on at his suggestion on how the transition should take place and who should have the upper hand in shaping the future of our nation. Such kind of approach does not help to heal the current mistrust that hold us from moving forward and doesn’t offer any kind of bridge between the two divided society. The author’s prescription seem to send a subtle call to one section of our divide to unite their effort and do something with the regime and reform their party to run the affairs of the country. To this date I haven’t seen anyone who focuses and try to deal with the elephant in our political houses – the mistrust that has eaten the social fabric of Eritrean society. None at all. Without facing that truth, nothing meaningful solution could come to our predicament.


      • Ismail AA

        Selam Aman H,
        Thanks for elucidating the point I tried to make. Such tendencies should better be engaged with open mind. You and I know former friends and school mates who lost their lives for the sake of democratic and fair procedures right from the first foot steps the current despot made in early 70s. The problem gets compounded when such events pass without challenge and scrutiny and reinforce the ground zero contradictions that have been accumulating to form an edifice of mistrust that has become hurdle awaiting enlightened approaches to resolve it or even reduce so that the way can be wide open to get rid of despotism and embark on fair system of governance.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Ismailo,

          Actually the following statement of yours encapsulates the comment I made:

          “ Glossing over key issues and hoping national unity in nation-states with diverse cultural, linguistic and social entities can be realized by mere material incentives is none starter.”

          Thank you.

  • Hayat Adem

    Dear AT,
    This is a good write up with a lot of sensible analyses and feasible recommendations. The main message is that Eritrea has a good potential to rise up once emancipated from its shacklers. I agree with almost every argument and suggestion forwarded via this note. I thank the author for giving us this comprehensive document which looks like that the author has put a lot of effort into it. It is a bit long for impatient readers and the presentation style goes a bit academic, but over all great content. So, this is mainly to thank him.
    The two minor doubts I may mention in the otherwise very strong article are the following: 1) he picked Birhane Abrehe’s book and thoughts worth echoing. I tend to believe the author has a much better grasp of Eritrea’s dynamic components and the neighborhood. Brining Berhane in any big thinking about Eritrea is really a letdown. 2) the author’s point of emphasis on seeing the neighborhood only as a threat and trying to parachute Eritrea to the Scandinavian region in search of a niche is a bad departure and more of a pipe dream than a workable theory.

    • Teodros Alem

      selam hayat
      “this is a good write up with a lot of sensible analysis and feasible recommendations”? . this exect write up has been said and written so many times before 1991 and before 2000 , the only difference is now he use PFDJ(PIA) instead of ethiopia(derg, woyane) and now he said red sea huge potential for wind and hydroelectric power instead of red sea huge potential for offshore drilling. and now he said Scandinavian countries instead of arab countries.

  • Ismail AA

    Selam all,

    Hashela has captured the immediate inside the forum value of this article. Open-minded regime supporters can find in it much to reflect on. Beyond this, the author has covered a lot of ground and delivered a lot of coherently sequenced ideas, some which have been elevated to recommendations backed by facts based charts, with admirable eloquence, style and command of language. Of course some of the important matters raised are good for open debates. I intend to come back after taking time to reflect on some of the issues.

  • Hashela

    Dear Tewelde
    This is an excellent article the depth and breadth of which should hopefully help Isaias’s apologists in this forum and elsewhere to revisit the damage that has been done, the betrayal and danger Eritrea, as a sovereign nation, is facing, and the potentials that Eritrea possesss to rise from the ruins

    • Gerogee

      Hi H

      This only further expose you, particularly as non- creative opposition.

      1. Energy potential of Eritrea has been known since like forever. Particularly wind energy that is a study done in 1994 by 2 Berkeley scientist. I think one of them was a Eritrean. So there is nothing new to this guy posted

      2. The writer and you forgot conveniently to mention that we are under a threat of War. Majority of resources have to be diverted to protecting the country

      3. Funding an infrastructure project that doesn’t immediately give a return, like a mining will be almost impossible considering the hostile environment Eritrea was in. Example of this would be the defunding of that mining project by the German government at the last minute.

      3. Zionist control American Empire has conspired with many investors to discourage them from investing in Eritrea.

      4. Eritrea spend over a quarter of a million dollar every year on oil imports do you think if there is a way to avoid that the government wouldn’t do it by now. Since you accuse them of being corrupt that sure would be the best way to get money by not spending it and building a renewable energy source. And they would have pocketed the money I’m here

      • Hashela

        ሓጺሩኒ እንተበልኩስ ተደቢሩ እስዕስዕ!