Inform, Inspire, Embolden. Reconcile!

From The Teachings Of The Late WelWel

The following was translated by the Awate Team and published as part of the set of launching content of awate.com in September 1, 2000.

The late Ato Woldeab Woldemariam was a lifetime teacher, and a great debater. His Commitments to individual freedom, democracy and justice were as unshakable as his commitments to the unity of Eritrea and the dignity of its people. Read The following extracts and quotations from his writings of the 1940s from his newspaper articles, now compiled in a Tigrigna book entitled “Mirutsat Anqetsat Ato Woldeab, 1941-1991”, edited by Tikabo Aresi’e and printed by Hedri Publishers in Asmara in 1995.

On Democracy and Dictatorship

( PP. 109-110, an article from Semunawi Gazeta No 3 of 14 September 1942)

1. “Many Eritreans could have read my previous writings on democracy and dictatorship. These are two different systems of governance. At the present, the two are locked in armed collision [WW II] and many things are being said about them. It is therefore of interest to present to you [readers of Semunawi Gazeta] a brief description of these two opposed systems.

In a democratic system, all the people participate in the affairs of the State. That is why we hear about elections and changes of government in Great Britain and America. A nation under a democratic system elects its leadership. The people have full freedom to criticize or commend their leadership in the papers and over the radio. In democracy, all issues of concern to the people are discussed in public and with full transparency . The legislative doors are kept open for the citizen who also has the right to know how the laws on taxation are made and how the public expenses are organized.

But at times, some nations fall under the rule of single persons who come to power through [means other than democratic elections]. They are called dictators and their rule is called dictatorship.

In a dictatorship, the leader is considered infallible, almost sacred, and therefore not liable for criticism. His whims and goodwill replace the functions of the government.

Therefore, the people find it difficult to replace dictatorship except through a resort to [non-democratic means]. This process starts with public grumbles and protests, which in their turn invite suppressive reaction from the system. To intimidate and terrorize the population to submission, the system recruits many security agents. It makes efforts to show that the laws of the dictator are correct and wise and his rule just. The people are even expected to say that they are happy in their situation.

In this way, the nation gradually slides into a troubled slumber, but only to wake up [anytime] and find themselves in the midst of a Great War [civil war]. When fully awakened, the people realize that the dictator was not what they thought he was – a superman endowed with supernatural powers. They then start to see in him a selfish mortal who built ladders with human remains to defend his citadel of power. However, this realization often comes a bit too late, after the damage had been wrought.”

On Accountable Government

2. “There are some persons who say there will not be a need for a deed of covenant between one’s own government [after a possible conditional union with Ethiopia] and the Eritrean people. Those who tell us that our government should not be accountable to our wishes do not appear to have thought very well for the welfare of the Eritrean people. As far as I see it, they are only parroting assumptions based on what they had been told . For sure, it is only the weak and poor who put their trust only on agreements and accountability. The well placed, the powerful, have no need for covenants and accountability..”

(PP 83-84 , from Semunawi Gazeta No.246 of 22 May 1947, in an article entitled ‘Eritra Nmen?’.

3. “A people is entitled to demand its basic rights not only from an alien government but also from a government of its own blood brothers.”

P. 85, from the same article.

4. “Dear reader, dear proud compatriot! Be brave (seb’ay kun). It is up to you to strive for your full freedom.. Do not wait to be bottle-fed like a small baby. Will you mind if, out of sincerity and all the good wishes for you, I advise and urge you to be the Bridegroom and the Host of this coming Great Event [end of colonial rule]? It is out of fervent wish to see you free and prosperous

that I address you in this manner, and I hope you understand me. Do not allow your freedom to stop half way. You had been under bitter bondage, and that is why you demanded to enjoy the sweetness of freedom.”

P 86, from the same article.

5. “The first stage of freedom/liberation (Harnet) is getting oneself rid of colonial [European] domination. The second stage is internal liberation, which has to mean the full enjoyment of equality and liberty in brotherhood under your own government and among your own people. The first stage of our liberation will be fulfilled [through conditional union with Ethiopia], and the second stage of our liberation should be obtained by asking or arguing for our domestic rights with [the Emperor of Ethiopia]”.

P. 87, same article.

6. “If we consult past world history, we learn that the fight for internal freedom demanded at least as much combat as was required for the liberation from alien rule. For instance, the great war [civil war] in France, the great war in Russia and the great war in North America were not fought against external enemies but [against one’s own State authorities] for the sake of internal freedom.”

PP. 87-88, second in series of the same article, Eritrea Nmen, appearing in Semunawi Gazeta of 29 May 1947.

7. The Eritrean people and also the people of Tigrai will have to be allowed to send their elected representatives to a national parliament. However, there are persons who tell us the time is not ripe to raise such issues now. It is not fair to condemn as traitors and ‘Woyane’ [Tigrai rebellion of 1943] to those who, for instance, demand the rights of the Tigrigna speaking people… In reality, a traitor and ‘Woyane’ is every sycophant and hypocrite (leQlaQn gbuzn) amongst us who does fail today to react in defense of the rights of the people being trampled in front of his own eyes. But overwhelmed with sorrow, I ask as to when will the right time be for us to speak out openly about our cause and our people. .”

P.93, Semunawi Gazeta of 29 May 1947.

Pinterest
  • Resun

    Hi all,
    I heard this man woldeab Woldemaryam is from Axum?
    If true why do Eritrean kebessa harbor so much hate towards Tigray?

  • Abi

    Amde
    That must be bus 13.
    Eyob is from popolare. Close to qera. Like his people . He used bus 31 from AAU to legehar then bus 6 to popolare.

    • Eyob Medhane

      Abishu,

      You got me.. 🙂 Do you remember the “bombard” gang? Ha ha…They used to protect me on Sidist qutir from the likes of Ted.. 😉

  • Eyob Medhane

    Amde,

    I have no problem what so ever, if Addis or anyone wants to question government about how the drought situation is being handled and point out if there is a problem openly. I would stand for their right to do so. But, what they are doing is intended to use emotion and empathy to start a “revolution’ which could make the situation from bad to worse and hope and who they think should would rule from Arat kilo. That, I think disengenous and frankly zero sum game…

  • Eyob Medhane

    Addis,

    I am very good at identifying fake outrage. It’s good. It helps to shame and shout those who you disagree with down. So, you using it on me might not work. I also am good in surviving, when I get hit with word derbies. Ask Sal. He will tell you.

    So. I am going to have to get you to the core points.

    1) Is this famine?

    No. Because “famine” has specific requirements to be called that and demands certain response.

    2) Has the UN declared famine in Ethiopia or in any other part of the world?

    No they didn’t. The last time they declared famine was in 2011 in Somalia and it was declared over after less than six months.

    3) Does the word strike a nerve among Ethiopians, because our two famine in the last 4o years 1974 and 1984?

    Yes, and that seems to be the reason why government opponents throw it around carelessly. To discredit the government they hate to inspire a revolution, ala 1974. For them, it is part of “the trick” in their “struggle” to “freedom”. So they repeat it every year. Read Mr. Al Meriam’s famine declaration every week. Knowing your political stance, I believe that this seems a good opportunity for you to use the term to bring down the government that you dislike, as it has become a culture in our politics. Hence, I said “Happy Christmas to you.

    4) No. I don’t tend to be emotional, when I discuss such issues. Why not? Because, emotionally charged discussion over hot topics lead to a wrong, hasty, thoughtless conclusions.

    5) listened to Voa, yesterday. They report from the food shortage areas. The residents are not dramatic, because they don’t have political motives and simply their stories. Do you know what their yardstick for the famine was? 1974. That was their yardstick. Add they emphatically say that was not what was happening now. Listen to yesterday’s VOA.

    6) Aid organization NONE of them, including the one you linked to me say there is famine.

    With out the word derbies. The above are just the facts. I am done.

    • አዲስ

      Eyob,

      I started reading this and still haven’t seen your definition of famine…You are doing the usual mambo jambo here. The fact is people are dying because of starvation and its complications. Where did I hear that? from the victims themselves. That’s not good enough for you. It’s for me.

      I linked a VOA interview for you. What the people of Afar are saying, how they are reluctant and afraid of even their name being mentioned on top of going hungry. And here you are up in arm accusing me of political opportunity, opposition,.. too tiresome really. I can’t give you a better evidence than the people who are suffering from the famine. So do what you will with that and tell them they are not starving.

      Thanks,
      Addis

      • Eyob Medhane

        Addis,

        Ha 🙂 So you like VOA, when it addresses your point, but, when it doesn’t ‘it is making someone recant what they have said before, in case of Weizero Bertukan?” Thank you for confirming your bias for me.. 😉

        • አዲስ

          Eyob,

          That’s not what I said. What I said was the reporting of VOA from Afar confirmed that people are dying. I provided you a link for it. You mentioned a VOA reporting, you didn’t give me any link so I am guessing it’s probably not from the same area. Mind you the problem is widespread. Even if we assume they both reported from the same area(Which I am guessing is not the case), it doesn’t necessarily make the evidence any less credible because one can say I know people are dying but one can’t categorically say they are sure nobody died from this famine(again which the people you are referring to not claiming either).

          So am I still biased Eyob? Are you telling those people from Afar nobody died?

          Thanks,
          Addis

        • Rahwa T

          Hi Eyoba,

          Can you imagine of a hunger-stricken man/woman afraid of mentioning his name in mass media? It is interesting story.

          • አዲስ

            Hi Rahwa,

            You don’t really need to imagine it. Just scroll up and listen to the VOA interview I posted. Unless of course he’s not hungry enough for you.

            Thanks,
            Addis

          • Eyob Medhane

            Rahwa,

            Well, as I explained to Amde and Addis himself the advocacy for these poor people seems to be from the quarters that Addis is speaking of so phony. It’s a pretend “care” about them it is about using them to get the “right” people to power. Listen to VOA Amharic program yesterday and you’ll find out many things from the drought victims themselves, which disappoint Addis and many, who want to ride them to Arat Kilo…

          • አዲስ

            Eyob,

            Keep on denying. Keep on looking away and pretend they don’t exist. I clearly told you what I felt about the VOA interview you mentioned and pointed it out to you what you should be looking at too. But I don’t expect anything less than misrepresentation and name calling from a person who doesn’t even want to admit what he can hear from the victims mouth. After listening to them if you pretend they don’t exist then whatever accusations you throw towards me doesn’t really surprise me. It’s not good for your image so let’s put them all in the basement and not talk about them right?

            So Eyob, go ahead call me phony but 2 Children per day are dying from the famine in your country.

            Thanks,
            Addis

          • Eyob Medhane

            Addis,

            Emotional argument doesn’t get me. Other than the BBC discredited Clive Myers report, no credible agency says two children die every day. Not UNICEF, not Save the Children, NO ONE. Once again, you’d love to say it, because you believe it makes your political point. Feel free to do so and peddle the death of children. It’s a free country..

          • አዲስ

            Eyob,

            Delusion, deceive are some of the tools in a tool box of con artists. Keep appearance in front of those you were throwing your image building propaganda. You don’t fool the people. They are loosing everything they have including their lives.

            Thanks,
            Addis

          • Eyob Medhane

            Addis,

            Get me the data that says two children die everyday from authoritative agencies like UNICEF or Save the Children, then you and I will agree. The rest of what you ranted about is the usual diversionary emotional rhetoric that is all common to me and to many others, it just rolls off our backs. That kind of rhetoric devoid hard facts that made the critics of the government almost totally irrelevant and relegated them only to the realm of social media….

          • አዲስ

            Eyob,

            I got that from the BBC reporting. Why you are not seeing it published by the UN is because the government barred any reporting of causalities as admitted by William Davison, EPRDF’s favorite developmental journalist. Here’s his tweet about it because you con artists only believe what comes from your supporters: “Govt has told UN etc not to report mortality rate. But despite suppression, it shd be possible to build picture from ngo info”

            So couple that with the VOA reporting (which you totally IGNORED as if their life don’t matter) of people of Afar who said yes people are dying in the rural areas, Here’s the quote from that interview:

            ጥያቄ – “መንግስት በርሀብ ምክንያት የሞተ የለም እያለ ነው። በርሀብ የሞተ አለ?”
            መልስ – “አለ! ማምጣት ይቻላል። ውስጥ ገብተው ስለማያዩ እኮ ነው”

            Yet you are still inclined to believe what Getachew Reda told you. It’s your choice or its in your interest to run with that narrative.

            Add to that the barring of reporters from the area unless accompanied by Kebele officials ( or handlers) as reported by

            WazemaRadio: “ጋዜጠኞች ረሀቡን እንዳይዘግቡ ገደብ ተቀመጠ፣ ለኤምባሲዎችና ለክልል መንግስታት መመሪያ ተላልፏል ”

            and corroborated by

            Addis Standard: “2 months ago we were told we can go bt can’t photograph or interview people w.out being accompanied by kebele officials”

            All this mounting evidences of a concerted effort by the government trying to keep a lid on the situation and try to scare those who speak out as opportunists ( am a bit surprised terrorists is not thrown as well), are not enough for you who at best consume only ETV and EPRDF’s medias or at worst is part and parcel of this propaganda.

            So Eyob, go do what you will with that.

            Thanks,
            Addis

          • Eyob Medhane

            Addis,

            To call someone names that you engage in a conversation with shows losing ground and throwing temper tantrum. Calling me a “con artist” may help to blow off your steam of frustration, emanating from a disappointment that as many people are not dying as you really would like them to make an impact for your political goal. I am also sorry that your friends at wazema radio (never heard of it) or Addis standard are having a hard time to do a sensational report to ignite the “revolution”. They should keep trying. But NGOs and the UN are on the ground and, if the Kebelle officials harras them not to do their job, they are not the type to keep quite. They would have told us by now. If you are telling me that Weyane is influencing UN not to issue a report that is as HUGE as dying 2 children a day, and the UN bows down to that pressure, we must have reached the newest hight of diplomatic influence, which even the rich and the powerful would crave to have. Alright now. I will leave you with your name calling, kicking and screaming, until you fell asleep. Bye.

          • አዲስ

            Eyob,

            I must say you are a very funny person. Calling me phony, opportunistic, it’s a Happy Christmas to me because people are starving is as my country men would say ” Kibe mekebat ?” . Wey gud!

            I know you will run away when analysis and facts are present to you. It doesn’t fit your narrative. It scares you. It makes you sick. You are here to do image building which is based on a lie, so a “con artist” is appropriate.

            I can see you’re not stupid, you can see and understand facts. Unless of course it’s in your interest not to do so. So Eyob, sip your machiato on bole road, go to Sheraton, and come here talk about your image building non sense. I will hear the people of Afar, Somalia, Tigray, Amhara, Oromia, South and many more.

            I will leave you with some quotes from the brilliant Bewketu Seyoum:

            “ኢትዮጵያ- ጌቶች ለኩራታቸው፤ ዜጎች ለራታቸው የሚታገሉባት መድረክ ናት፡፡”…

            “ብዙ ጊዜ ረሀብ ሲከሰት ጌቶች ራብተኛውን ሁሉ ሰብስበው ጎተራ ውስጥ ሊደብቁት ይቃጣቸዋል፡፡ የድሆች የተራቆተ ሰውነት የገጠጠ ኣጥንት፤ የጌቶችን የመከበር ፍላጎት ያከሽፈዋል፡፡”….

            ” ኣስራ ኣምስት ሚሊዮን ህዝብ መደበቅ ሰማይን በመዳፍ ለመሸሸግ እንደ መሞከር ይቆጠራል፡፡”

            Tena Yistelegn !

            Thanks,
            Addis

  • Saba

    Dear Awate readers,
    “Welwel” and Bitweded are in my book of Eritrean democracy. They are eloquent in their concept of democracy and they stick to their principle even when their life is in danger. They did not seek power & personal gain, an illness that is inflicting the so-called opposition.

    Is it true that abona weldeab was inclined to the “tigray tigrigni” movement?

    • Abraham Hanibal

      Dear Saba,

      As far as I’ve understood it; yes, in the first phase of his struggle, our father Woldeab Woldemariam was preoccupied for the rights of the Tigray-Tigrini, within the union with Ethiopia. But later during his struggle, after his calls were given deaf ears by the Ethiopian king and after he was convinced by pro-Eritrean independence patriots like Ibrahim Sultan, and others he modified his plan for full independence of Eritrea. That is how I understand it; I’ve also asked AT and others similar question as yours, but still have to get a response. Anyone who can explain here?

      • Saba

        Hi Abraham,
        Thank you for your reply. Based on your response the timeline is important here, he was for tigray-tigrigni initially. I got the info about his role in tigray-tigrigni from eritreans and tigreans. Who knows if TPLF picked up the idea initially.
        Talking about tigray-tigrigni is a taboo both in the PFDJ camp and in the opposition, that is why may be people here are not talking about it.

  • አዲስ

    Hi Abi, Eyob, Horizon, Amde, Saay and all Awate family,

    Please allow me to link here the newly launched 7-kilo magazine. The editors are some of the exiled journalists of the famous ‘Addis Neger’ paper. Ethiopia desperately needs a media that presents objective and critical analysis and be an alternative to the shameful so called ‘developmental journalism’ that’s plaguing in the country now. I believe 7-kilo can play a big part on that road as evidenced from their ‘Addis Neger’ days.

    http://7-kilo.com/

    Thanks,
    Addis

    • saay7

      Hey Addis:

      I love it. I am sure Amde does. Not sure about Horizon. Abi will need evidence that this doesn’t get in the way of Dabo. Eyob will hate it because it makes his precious EPRDF look bad. But since he doesn’t want to say that directly (we are all supposed to pretend he is not an EPRDF functionary;) he will create all kinds of fog, innuendos about Sebat Kilo.

      saay

      • Eyob Medhane

        Addis congratulations!!!

        I look forward to reading it. I actually beat everyone here to see it on FB few days ago.

        Sal,

        Me? Functionary? I wish. Do you know how rich I would be, if I were one? I hear they get paid every time they debate one of you smart alecs 🙂

        • አዲስ

          Eyoba congrats to you too.

          About the name, it drives from 4kilo, 5kilo, 6kilo as centers(neighborhoods) of discussions, debates and intellect which comes because of the institutions around those areas. 7-kilo is attempting to create another space for discussions, and debates.

          I have to say I also like the naming of Zone 9.

          Thanks,
          Addis

          • Eyob Medhane

            Addis,

            I don’t know what you are congratulating me for, but thank you. 😉
            Will Tamirat Negera be the chief editor again? If he will, I hope he won’t be as emotional as he usually is, refrain from focusing on personalities rather than institutions and stop shouting people (his co panalists) down, during panal setting interviews on TV in a manner that is very belligerent. That kind of behavior would make one lose credibility. Other than that, he is a smart man…

          • አዲስ

            Eyob,

            I am congratulating you for having an opportunity to read something different from “Addis Zemen” 🙂

            The editors are Abiy Teklemariam, Daginet Mekonnen and Masresha Mamo. I am sure Tamirat will be a contributor. About being belligerent, please let’s not go there. The man was exiled from his country for having a different opinion from the government and accused of terrorism. You accuse him of belligerence on a setting where a representative of his accusers are blabbing the same nonsense?

            Eyoba I don’t even want to go there. So for now let’s just enjoy this little moment that we independent thinkers can appreciate.

            Thanks,
            Addis

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear ኣዲስ,
            I hope Ethiopian people will take care of their nations new development while correcting mistakes peacefully. I am worried reading the magazine, some people are still sleeping and pause with their old views. Ethiopia is progressing, please take care of this lovely nation.

          • አዲስ

            Hi Kokhob,

            You said: ” I am worried reading the magazine, some people are still sleeping and pause with their old views.” Care to elaborate ?

            Thanks,
            Addis

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear
            “ስለ ርኀብ ገና ብዙ እናወራለን “ማውራት ማ ማን ያቅተዋል ? ርኃብ በወሬ መች ይለቃል – ሰዎች ማውራቱን ትተውን እንዲያው በስራ ቢገኙ ::

          • አዲስ

            Hi Kokhob,

            I think you are a bit quick to pull the trigger. It looks like you are not aware of the conversation going on about the famine in Ethiopia. The Government is trying to downplay it and going out strongly against whoever speaking out about it. It’s trying to frame those criticizing the government as mere opportunists and trying to silence them as much as it can. So the title “ስለ ርኀብ ገና ብዙ እናወራለን ” goes along that line and if you read the article it talks that one way to prevent famine is pro-poor press: ይልቁንስ የመንግሥትን ችግር ነቅሰው በማውጣት እና ለሕዝብ በማሳየት ትርፍ የሚያገኙ ጠንካራ ተቀናቃኝ የፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች እና ነጻ ፕሬስ (በተለይ ደሃ ተኮር ፕሬስ) ባለበት መንግሥት በርኀብ አደጋ ተክለ አስተዳደሩ እንዳይናጋ ርኀብ ሳይስፋፋ በፍጥነት መልስ ለመስጠት ይሞክራል።

            So dear Kokhob, I suggest you read it first then understand the different nuances in the affairs of Ethiopia today. It’s certainly not referring to a talk or gossip of the page 6 type.

            Thanks,

            Addis

          • Eyob Medhane

            Addis,

            Really? A famine? a famine? See, this is the thing that make those who speak out to be thought “extremists”. There is a drought and there is a food shortage that needs to be addressed. I am all for holding the government’s feet to the fire to do what it can to avert disaster and do their job properly. But, by going wild, criticism could lose credibility and makes those, who are being criticized defensive and unresponsive….

          • አዲስ

            Dear Eyob,

            What is a famine to you?

            Thanks,
            Addis

          • Eyob Medhane

            Addis,

            You are too an intelligent person for me to describe to you the difference between “famine” and “drought”. Instead, please watch this coverage of Ethiopia on CNN that was 1984 to 1988. It seems we are having some similar conversation once again…
            https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=_tQoFxJVPDE

          • አዲስ

            Eyob,

            I didn’t ask you to tell me the difference between drought and famine. I ask you what’s famine to you?
            If the comparison helps you make your point go ahead. But I am going to ask you again. What’s famine to you? Does people dying from hunger qualify as famine? or not?

            Please tell me what got you up in arms and run to the word “extremist” to define people. Do you have the morale to say you are not starving and what’s happening to you is not famine to the people who are loosing their life and their livestock?

            Please tell me how the image of that word “famine” creates is more upsetting to you than the devastating toll it’s creating to the victims.

            Go ahead Eyob, please what is famine to you?

            Thanks,
            Addis

          • Eyob Medhane

            Addis,

            I tend not to be emotional with such kinds of discussions. Famine to me is the one that you see on the video I linked to you that is a total decimation of communities. Leaving their homes dying on the way to no where. Children with EMACIATED bodies with no hope to survive. Folks leaving their villages and migrating. Starvation that is out of control. Something that can not be helped. Though I know you disagree with it, this is not happening in Ethiopia now. You don’t have A SINGLE evidence that someone has died of starvation in Ethiopia. A BBC report of Weizero Bertukan? is that what you have. VOA went to her home. (Forget EBC, because I know you don’t trust it) She said her child died of illness. Not starvation. Even on that very BBC report have you seen her children and her? Do they look emaciated to you? I know the word famine will fit your political out look to discredit a government that you detest. Go ahead. Use it. Shout it around. It however will hurt your credibility eventually, because it is just not true. No aid agency or UN declared famine, as they usually do, when it happens. But for politically motivated, drought is their Christmas to be declared “famine” so easily. So I would say to you, “Happy Christmas”.

          • አዲስ

            Eyob,

            You will find my reply once the moderator releases it. It’s stuck on ‘Pending’.

          • አዲስ

            Eyob,

            Here’s a quote from your beloved Getachew Reda’s first presser.

            ‹‹እስከ ዛሬ በረሃብ ምክንያት ለሞት የተዳረገ ሰው የለም፡፡ በድርቁ ምክንያት ለሕመም የተጋለጠ ሰው ካለ ግን የመዳን ያለመዳን ዕድሉ ከመንግሥት ሳይሆን ከእግዚአብሔር ነው፤››

            Thanks,
            Addis

          • Eyob Medhane

            Addis,

            What is that quote for? Is it about the scandal that Getachew admitted he is not God? I don’t know what context you have taken that out from. I am going to have to get the whole context..

          • አዲስ

            Eyob,

            The context is not clear? awko yetegnan 🙂 Anyway check the presser. You can find its report on Reporter too.

            Thanks,
            Addis

          • Eyob Medhane

            Addis,

            How dare you? I NEVER read Addis Zemen. I don’t want to put myself in a coma reading that rag.

            I agree we should not go there. But, I’ll say this. That government representative also had legitimate right to speak his truth, without getting shouted down, personally attacked and can be diagreed to with a better decorum that displayed ኢትዮጵያዊ ጨዋነት። Anyway, I really look forward to see the progress of Sebat Kilo, and who knows? May be participate in it…

      • አዲስ

        Saay,

        Yes. Good stuff from the get go. I hope it grows from strength to strength for years to come. About Eyob, am sure he will give it a read at least 🙂

        Thanks,
        Addis

    • Amde

      Selam Addis, Saay

      This looks clean and professional. Hope they continue with it.

      I spent many years waiting for the bus at the Sidist kilo bus stop just behind the Lions zoo. The name sebat kilo brought that period to mind.

      There was this joke I heard about when the Weyane first got to town. Apparently they imposed (or continued) the night curfews. Three friends had been out and about, and unfortunately the curfew clock caught the before they could get home. They are stopped by a soldier, who demanded what they were up to.

      Soldier: TeTew bel!! Wedet new?
      First Man: wede bet
      Soldier (to First man): Yet new betih?
      First Man: izih tinish kef belo, sidist kilo.
      Soldier (to Second Man): antessa – yet new betih?
      Second Man: yene qirb new – ezih arat kilo.
      Soldier (to Third Man): Emoo – ante bet wodet new?
      Third Man: enem qirb neN – qidist Maryam….
      Soldier (to Third Man): Waaa!! be kilo tenager!!

      By extrapolation – 7-Kilo should be just north of the AAU entrance and south of enToTo aTeqalay (the old TMS), around the junction to the old Menen School.

      Amde

      • አዲስ

        hahaha Amde,

        Good one. Many funny jokes(incidents) from that time. EPRDFites(upper class) won’t be accused of such things now a days 🙂 hence one of the articles in the magazine…”Addis Ababa yeman nat” more of a class based argument on who the city belongs to.

        Enjoy reading.

        Thanks,
        Addis

        • Amde

          Selam Addis,

          I read the “Addis Ababa yeman nat” article. It is interesting that the EPRDF of a Marxist-Leninist pedigree can be legitimately critiqued as being more pro-capital than being pro-labor. When I saw that the Chinese Communist Party had billionaire members, or that there were quite a few Chinese billionaire parliamentarians (http://www.usnews.com/opinion/blogs/world-report/2013/04/30/chinas-communist-billionaires) in a theoretically Communist country, it is clear why EPRDF is socialist only insofar as it allows it political monopolization, but otherwise its economics is more right wing than most of Europe.

          Curiously enough, it seems to me that the criticism along class lines marks a generational shift. Us old farts complained about the ethnic polarization of the country. It seems the youth (post-Derg generation) are shrugging past those days and establishing new (unifying/polarizing) parameters of debate.

          This shift is not simply generational. A friend of mine was telling me an anecdote of how when he visited back home last, he asked his mother how he could help a relative of theirs who happened to be a farmer. His mother just laughed and told him that this “farmer” was now so wealthy he is paying to educate his children in private colleges. Please note that there used to be an “orderly” stepped process of sorts. A farmer’s child goes to the city. He becomes part of the proletariat – basically sells his labor. If he is lucky he gets to earn enough to put together a home and one of his children may be able to go to college. I don’t know that statistics on the number of private colleges and universities, and most are probably are not worth the name, but it just seems to me that there is default acceptance/expectation of some sort of post-high school education as a requirement. Such a requirement also sets expectations of the kind of life one should be rewarded for it as well.

          You add the two together, i.e. a generational shift and more or less educated youth to the wheels of capitalism actively greased and turned by the nouveau-riche inclined EPRDF, then class-based critique will probably be a standing and ever growing basis for political discourse.

          I say Amen to that, as long as it remains honest.

          Amde

          • አዲስ

            Amde,

            Interesting insight. But looking at what’s happening on social media especially, a lot of people would argue that the shift you are talking about is really not there yet. It’s like things stay the same if not worse regarding ethnic polarization. Nonetheless, I also welcome such kind of shift if it really is in the minds of the new generation.

            Thanks,
            Addis

      • Fnote Selam

        Hi Amde and Addis,

        What does those ‘kilos’ used as suffixes in many AA neighborhoods stand for, what is the history behind them?

        Tnx,

        FS.

        • አዲስ

          Hi Finote Selam,

          I am not certain but I heard that Italian named those neighborhoods. Not sure what the kilos mean though.I also heard that there are similarly named neighborhoods in Somalia too. Please anybody correct me if I am wrong.

          Thanks,
          Addis

        • Eyob Medhane

          FS,

          It is the distance From Piazza, (Mazegaja bet) which used to be considered a center if addis. 4Kilometer, 5Kilometer, 6Kilometer…

          • Abi

            Ante qeshim
            6 kilo is closer to mazegaja bet than 4 kilo by wube bereha and afincho ber.
            The reason for the naming is there are 4 and 6 roads merge at the two circles/ roundabout.
            Amde
            I like the joke. I rather put 7 kilo at asefa shay bet (AKA Ase bet) . Just at the split before TMS and Menen.
            BTW, which bus did you use?
            Bus 11 to Menelik ?
            Bus12 to Ferensay Legasion or to Bella?
            I know that Qeshim Eyob used to take bus 31 to legehar.
            Ted used to pick pocket on bus 6 to Qera.

          • Nitricc

            Hey Abi I thought the naming was due the distances from the train station. I don’t know what the name of the place is. I am talking the old train station. Someone told me that.

          • Abi

            Hi Nitricc
            The train station is Legehar.

          • Eyob Medhane

            Abiye,

            I accept your explanation.. I got it from an old book. “Andade, waldibam yizefenal”. May be the usually wild kid is right. The distance may have been measured from legehar…

          • Saleh Johar

            Eyob,
            I made similar comment before I saw your comment here, but I believe we discussed this long time ago, am I right?

            I one of his books Bahru Zewde explains how some places got their names.

          • Eyob Medhane

            Gash Saleh,

            You are right. I love the old names, and unfortunately, these days they are tampering with them. They renamed “Minilik Palace” or “Arat Kilo Betemengist” now to “Teqlay Minister Tsihefet bet” and “EyubeliyuPalace” to “Beherawi Betemengist”.. They also changing old towns’ names like “Mizan Teferi” now “Mizan-Tepi” (combining two towns) and “Asebe Teferi” now “”Asebe”… (You’d like that, don’t you.? They erased Teferi completely just for you… 🙂

          • PTS

            Abi,
            It still doesn’t make sense. Why not call them 4 menged and 6 menged then? What does branched roads have to do with ‘kilo’?

          • Saleh Johar

            Abi,
            You are Qeshim 🙂 do you think the Italians were measuring your shortcuts when they measured? But you are right, the distance doesn’t make sense if you take what used to be mule and walking tracks. Try going through avenues. However, legahar makes sense.

            Casa I.N.C.E.S. You changed the Italian name to Kazanchis, and that is how you got your Asmera version of Campo Citato (which we changed to kombshtato. What an equalizer 🙂

          • Abi

            Ato Saleh
            Have you been to Kambolojo in Addis? How about Banco De Roma , popolare?
            I know you know addis very well. If you visualize mazegaja bet, Arat kilo and 6 kilo, they make a triangle.
            BTW, distance does not change whether you are on a mule, a camel or driving a FIAT 600 ( AKA baby fiat).

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Hi Eyob,

            I don’t think Arat-kilo and sidist-kilo are 4 kilometer and 6 kilometer respectively from Piazza. They are less kilometer from the center. Is it your guess?

            regards

          • Eyob Medhane

            Aman,

            My source to that is a book called “yimtu begin a Addis Ababa” it is a boom written in the late fifties, so may be they are having a hard time measuring… 🙂

        • አዲስ

          Hi FS and All,

          “The Arat Kilo village was also named due to its location at the junction of four roads.”

          I found the above from an article titled “How Addis Ababa Neighborhood’s Got Their Names” on whatsoutaddis dot com. The article referenced: Addis Ababa Millennium Secretariat publication’s ‘Addis Ababa in the Past and its prospects in the new Millennium’ (2007).

          Thanks,
          Addis

          • Saleh Johar

            Hi Addis,

            In many cities, distances are measured from the center of the city on specific road. And distance marks are placed there. And that’s how the neighborhoods take their name. But if a more popular name is already there over time one name fades away. Try moving away from Piazza or whichever was the center. Maybe legahar.

            In Eritrea we use that on he villages between Tessenei and the Sudanese border and the villages are called teletaasher, arbaatasher (13, 14) in Arabic.

          • አዲስ

            Hi Saleh,

            Interesting. So what’s your take on the AA Millennium Secretariat publication’s story of Arat Kilo’s naming? Are you saying it got its name due to its distance from the center of the city?

            Thanks,
            Addis

          • Saleh Johar

            Addis,
            Judging from similar naming convention, I think that’s the case. I am not sure what the millennium secretariat and arat kilo is. What’s that?

          • አዲስ

            Saleh,

            The Millennium Secretariat was the office created to organize the Ethiopian Millennium celebration. Its AA wing was the one that published that story among many publications about the different history of the city.

            Thanks,
            Addis

          • Abraham Hanibal

            Hi Saleh Johar,

            I think the distances you mentioned are distances of the villages to the Sudanese border, Is that right?

          • Saleh Johar

            Abraham ,
            I think they are distances starting from Tessenei.

          • Abraham Hanibal

            Hi Saleh J,
            I think you’re right, thanks.

        • Amde

          Hi FnoteSelam,

          Actually that is an interesting question. Both Arat Kilo and Sidist Kilo are unofficial names for the roundabouts with memorial statues. The numbers (4) and (6) refer to how many road connect at these roundabouts. The 4Kilo one has the statue celebrating the defeat and exit of Fascist Italy. The 6 Kilo commemorates the those who died under Graziani’s execution and retribution of his assasination attempted by the Ethiopian / Eritrean patriots Abraha Deboch and Moges Asgedom.

          Saleh G. May be right in that they may also be named for diatance from the center of town, which was

      • Nitricc

        Hi Amde hahaha a good one. The guy should have answered by saying; I am from 5 kilo.

        • Amde

          Nitricc,

          As matter of fact that is exactly the other name of the Saint Mary’s church area. Are you sure you are not an Amce?

          • Nitricc

            Hahahaha Amde. I was just joking by logicalazation of the given name. If there is 4 and 6 then 5 must be somewhere between the two. If there is such 5 kilo; how come no one brought it up.

          • Amde

            Nitricc,
            Read my response to FnoteSelam.

          • Eyob Medhane

            Amde,

            Didn’t Isayas Afeworki go to school there, (5 kilo campus) before his a** was kicked out for being a dummy? 🙂

          • Amde

            Selam Eyob,

            I have heard that he did go to engineering school, but I am not sure if it was located at Amist Kilo at the time. That was a pretty modern building.

            In any case, who wants to study the thermodynamics of ejectile material when it is more fun actually shooting the damned thing and hearing it bang?

            People like him are not dummies. I would say he is very intelligent. He and Mengistu would have been peas in a pod. He just puts his intelligence to the satisfaction of his psychological craving, not for a higher purpose. He is the literal personification of the saying a rebel looking for a cause.

            Amde

            PS. Abi says you are from popolare. I can’t write the word without breaking into a laugh and wanting to repeat the joke of the taxi driver asked by a lady to be taken to popolare.

          • Abi

            Amde
            Popolare is really funny. Never thought about it before. Now you owe me to jokes.

    • Dear Addis,
      It is a very nice analysis of the famine and its causes. I think that the famine in Ethiopia shows the inherent weakness of the Ethiopian government; the problem of democracy, good governance, the level of the country’s development and an economy despite the fanfare has not trickled to the poor rural Ethiopian. Draught is going to be around for a long time (may even be worse in the future), due to climate change, and El Nino is going to affect Ethiopia again after some years. The big question is why to this extent, when Ethiopia is supposed to be in a better situation. What is the responsibility of the local and central governments, the level of ignorance, incompetence and corruption that became a factor that not sufficient and timely effort was done to mitigate the effects of the draught? Is the government ready to accept its faults, weakness, allocate responsibilities, change itself for the better, or is it going to be consumed in saving its image and its political life.

      • አዲስ

        Dear Horizon,

        Very eloquently put. Thank You!

        Thanks,
        Addis

      • Kokhob Selam

        Dear Horizon,
        all the reasons you put are okay for me. Yet, I know how other Ethiopian politicians will play it when comes to the weakness of Ethiopian government. as for me weakness is to be replaced by strength only when one becomes part of the generating force – not when it stands idle or pushes against the wave. We all know Ethiopia for the first time has got a seemingly or more or less advanced thinker on top. But we are witnessing people with old narrow sickness trying to exploit every weakness or shortage that Ethiopia faces.

        I think Ethiopians should handle things carefully. every Ethiopian should be right in Ethiopia and work. African countries in general have to work and work nonstop at least for one generation without expecting much in personal level. of course not under one dictator who kills and arrests people and try to tell us that is for future good, like our IA. but relatively speaking, having EPRDF is a chance that will be difficult to get it if once gone.

        • Dear Kokhob Selam,
          No self-respecting government, which says that it has or opts for a democratic culture should be afraid of criticism, especially when it is a contractive criticism. It is not an accusation, but a wake-up call to stir the ship in the right direction. It should draw strength from it, and not react to it irrationally. I hope that the government of Ethiopia will not act as a brick-wall that deflects every criticism and suggestions coming from its citizens, and hides in its own shell surrounded by people who support it unconditionally. That is when it loses its compass.

          I know that there are many political forces who try to exploit the weakness of the Ethiopian
          government, rightfully and wrongly (most of the time). Nevertheless, this should not prohibit us from pointing out where the government is making a mistake. The level of its readiness to accept criticism shows the level of it democratic culture. I hope that the Ethiopian government is ready to learn the lesson from this draught, so that it is ready for the next one, which no doubt will be with us again.

        • Nitricc

          Hi Kokhob: you said
          “having EPRDF is a chance that will be difficult to get it if once gone”
          please respect the Ethiopian people. You can’t insult them like that. They never had a worthy leader and they deserve one. For you to come out and compliment a dead beat government, it shows your corrupted state of mind. Obviously you have no idea about the duty and responsibility of government.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Hi gentle man,
            Have cup of water. take care of you health.

      • Fetima Dechasa

        Selamta Horizon,

        It seems both you and Addis are using drought and famine interchangeably. A famine is what happened in 1983 in Ethiopia, while drought is the never ending problem of our region. Unfortunately, this drought is sever, but not a famine at the moment. God forbid! Additionally, Ethiopia is not the only developing African nation that’s struggling with El Nino, South Africa for example is experiencing the worst drought in over 40 years.

        With regards to governing, there is only so much can be done other than providing aid to those in need in the interim. Frankly, irrigation (via Abay water negotiations in the future), rainwater harvesting, effective septic system designs, greywater collection and reuse (which is currently being recommended in SoCal), etc are the way to go in continuum… overall providing comprehensive education on alternative water sources is a must. The government does have the responsibility to conduct and implement eliminative measures in the future. Nonetheless, let’s not pretend like drought is something that can be controlled. If it was, the mighty California wouldn’t be so thirsty. Have you by any chance taken Interstate 5 or the 405 lately? Have you seen those sever drought signs? I was in Cambria, CA recently and tap water in any restaurant costs 50 cent, San Simeon is so dry that the famous Hearst Castle tile pool was empty. Now, I’m by no means trying to compare my poor country to California, I’m just trying to emphasize the inevitability of drought in the 21st century. The difference is California can actually prevent it by reducing commercial farming in the desert, while Ethiopia cannot due to geography, lack of access to ocean or sea for a desalination (not that we have the capacity or finances), and the Nile water dispute.

        In conclusion, I disagree with your take above but I understand the need for utilizing certain keywords and implications to fit a certain narrative.

        • አዲስ

          Dear Fatima,

          I do know the difference between a famine and a drought and certainly not using the two interchangeably.

          You on the other hand said: ” A famine is what happened in 1983 in Ethiopia…” So that’s the definition of famine to you? Unless people die in hundreds of thousands(if not a million), a couple of kids dying everyday isn’t considered a famine for you. Too few right? Got it!

          What amazes me, among other things, about this sad situations is the constant need to bring California and trying to create a comparison. As if California is concerned in feeding its people. We all know what a drought is. We all know what El Nino is. We all know drought is a recurrent problem in our region. We rather saying what’s happening in Ethiopia is famine, in all sense and meaning of the word. It keeps happening over and over again. We are saying the government takes the blame for not stopping it. Not drought but Famine. You are trying to give the government a pass as if hey there’s nothing they can do…well I beg to differ.

          Thanks,
          Addis

          • Fetima Dechasa

            Dear Addis,

            I understand that it fits your political narrative, but please know that I don’t engage in fruitless back and forth on a specific issue once an ulterior motive is established.

            With respect, galatoomay

          • አዲስ

            Fatima,

            Yes I do have a political narrative which goes along the line of exposing brutal dictators and their shameful deed. You can call that ulterior motive. Or call it a fruitfulness back and forth and all of a sudden run out of steam. Sort of like a Koka cola looses its gas once its cork is opened and is exposed .It’s your choice. Just remember while you are saying all those things to me and trying to paint a different picture and may I say your political narrative, 2 kids are dying every day due to famine in your country. With that I will stop engaging with you.

            Thanks,
            Addis

          • Fetima Dechasa

            Addis,

            What are you doing to change these things other than the tired old political rhetoric?

            Here is the thing I dislike most about the diaspora social justice warriors; most of them are far removed from reality on the ground. This also applies to our people because like other countries in Africa, Ethiopia is drained out of human capital. Everyone from artists, doctors, engineers, etc have left to the Western promise lands, never to return except for maybe holidays? At the same time, these same people want to maintain their veto power and are superlative critics, without actually contributing to the society they left behind. Now, I’m not suggesting that this applies to you directly, just speaking in general.

            One of the things I learned while working/living bi-continentally is that; it’s easy to adopt to such level of comfort while living in the developed world that our native reality becomes almost a foreign concept. We start setting unrealistic standards and demands. We berate those that are doing anything for not doing enough, yet we do nothing at all! We accuse them of selling out for contracting foreign corporations, meanwhile, our brilliant engineers have become a mere drop in a bucket in the competitive foreign land. The truth is… we don’t accept gradual improvements, we want magical, here and now! The endless, entitled mantra of “it’s broken so someone better to fix it.” but who? Why not me and you? Nothing is ever good enough because for most of us, our strong criticism is often a mask for our thinly veiled prejudices: political, ethnic, religious, etc…

            You want change? Then roll up your sleeves and get down in the dirt, do the grass roots work. Chronic drought and hunger is what you want to fight? Study engineering and develop a technology for reusable/sustainable water resources. You are unhappy with the political landscape? Study politics and get in to politics and make history. You want to eliminate infant mortality rates in Ethiopia? Become a Neonatologist. Want to end corruption, fight for it or die trying.

            On a personal note: I’m proud to say that I’m the first woman from my family to even make it passed grade 8. I’m a mere peasant girl from Southern Ethiopia. I believe in logic and reason, perhaps a slight bit of an idealist as well. Why am I telling you this? Because even I with all the odds against me found a way to be useful to my village, subsequently to my country. When I’m home, I help rebuild whatever is needed using the skills I obtained from Habitat for Humanity, tutor women and children, I teach feminine health classes, my fiance and I have bought a tiny bit of land near his village and are currently building a small computer lab for students, we are currently partnering with UCSD on a project in Negele and Jinka, we’re both founding members of EADG, he volunteers 6 weeks out of the year to lecture at universities as well as treating patients in the most rural villages. We are both a product of rural Ethiopia, yet we were both afforded free university education by our country so we must give back. The ultimate point is, we all gotta do our parts. We are not rich in a material sense but we have been blessed with priceless opportunities. This is my view point and approach to the problem and solutions at home. What are yours?

          • አዲስ

            Fatima,

            Now you want a back and forth ? 🙂 I thought you just want to mention people by name and put your comment but don’t want to hear back. I thought you just want to voice your opinion only, you know just like your EPRDFites. No voice but ours. What’s up now Fatima? What gives?

            Everything you did to this point is so by the book. It’s like you all are following the same script.

            First you tried to deny the existence of your country men dying; then label me, act holy and above it all for replying to the comment you mentioned me in by name; now this “What are you doing to change ….” so predictable. Here’s my response to you and your likes, This won’t work with me. It’s too easy and too scripted to silence me. Try again.

            BTW I didn’t read your blabber after the first sentence. I don’t have time for that. Tena Yistelegn.

            Thanks,
            Addis

        • Abi

          Atam jirtu Fatima Gifti?
          I missed you dearly. Glad to see you back.

          • Fetima Dechasa

            Akkam jirta Abi? Maatiin akkam? Nagaa dha, galata rabbii.

            I missed you a great deal as well brother. Great to see you.

        • Dear Fatima,
          What we saw in the 1970s and 80s was no ordinary famine, but famine of biblical dimensions. Even if there is widespread extreme scarcity of food, starvation, a country is
          forced to ask for food help from outside, children and old people are admitted to hospitals due to malnutrition, or a single human being dies of unavailability of food etc, that is famine. It does not need to be of the degree we saw in the past, when hundreds of thousands of people died. God forbid.
          The point I was raising was not why there is draught and famine (severe hunger, severe malnutrition due to scarcity of food or whatever one calls it, which is rather a matter of
          semantics and not the core issue), but why to this extent, and it got out of control, and millions are facing scarcity of food, so many animals are dying, the country is forced to ask for food help, and by extension people may be dying.
          I do not expect that the problem of draught will be solved in Ethiopia in the immediate future. Nevertheless, Ethiopia can solve the problem of hunger and famine, by utilizing the land and water she is blessed with, by implementing modern farming techniques and
          generally through development. Therefore, reminding the government that it should have acted earlier before things got out of control is not a special narrative, nor is it out of the ordinary.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Horizon,
            what you are saying is acceptable and healthy. Now, what Ethiopians should do is, work as one against drought which is natural disaster. in this critical moment providing advice that benefits, criticizing and correcting the way drought is handled (if needed) is okay but it should be while putting your effort right in the ground. Creating unnecessary contradiction at this moment will make the situation worst. I think you will agree with me. I am saying this deep from my heart and if today even the cruel, and lawless group (PFDJ) ask officially for help in this type of natural problem, I will be the first to drop my pen and gun to work against drought. imagine now if I say so, what an Ethiopian should say since he is administrated relatively speaking by reasonable government.

            I want really to hear what your say is about the same subject, to which level should one criticize Ethiopian government ? to the level that can divorce the unity of people to people and people to government?

          • Dear Kokhob Selam,
            The state and citizens have each their own role to play, which should be within the sphere of the constitution and democracy. In normal situation the one cannot and should not try to replace the other, but cooperate. The state leads the way and citizens follow, and the state should be a good leader. When there is disharmony, that is when things become problematic. If citizens have reasons to complain and are given the right to do so, that is the sign of government and citizen harmony and not divorce, and it has nothing to do with power struggle. Doesn’t the Ethiopian government allow demonstrations? Is that not a form of allowing criticism? As much as political power is concerned, political groups should understand that there is the constitutional way; and this should be clear. Otherwise, all the rest, such as lawful demonstrations, asking questions, complaining about governmental decisions etc are normal ways of interaction between people and the state, and should not lead to any sort of divorce.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Horizon,
            Thank you.

        • Nitricc

          Hi Fatima; obviously, you have no clue and worst, your arrogance and ignorance is in full display. How on earth would you compare Cali’s five minuets shower rule to a child’s death from hunger? Do you know what hunger is? Do you how it feels to be hungry? Skip a couple of meals and tell your self how it feels. Even your Tengara PM was making the same stupid California drought reference.
          One thing what I noticed from every Africans is that their exceptions from their government is ZERO, NADA, NOTHING! Power is not a privilege, rather the out most responsibility to the people you are leading. The Ethiopian leadership should be charged with crime against humanity. They knew what was coming; they were told and they choice to ignore it and sing the stupid 11% and spend the meager resources on spying on their own citizens and jamming electronic medias.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Nitricc,
            ኣንታ ንሶም ሲ ‘ኳ ምስ ተፈጥሮኣዊ (ባህርያዊ ) ጸገም ይጓነጹ ኣለው :: ኣንታ እንታይ ድኣ ህዝብና ዝወርዶ ዘሎ ሰብ ሰረሖ ጸግም ከምዚ ዘይመከትካሉ ?

          • Amde

            Selam Nitricc,

            As rants go that is simply magnifique. Now, would you bet that the same drought is afflicting Eritrea? Do you need a white man with an emaciated baby to set off your outrage?

          • Semere Andom

            Selam Amde;
            In this rant and and in the puncture you have added there dwells Nitricc’s and PFDJ supporters’s “using spoon when hot and your hands when cold” as L.T would say. You see,Nitricc’s body slaves for the white man day and day out while his hear is in Gojjam and Eritrea but he hates the white man and when the same man makes stupid asserssions Nitricc falls in love with him. In the 2001 PFDJ found an ally in a gun totting senator, now lobbysts , intelectually dishonest people like Cohen and “Browny” are their solaces, go fogure

          • Saleh Johar

            Amde,
            You do t need a Frenji to tell you that. The gash region and parts of eastern Seraye are hit by draught but we do not know the mgnitute because of the “information draught” that has been hitting Eritrea since decades. But this is a humbling moment though poor people are suffering for it while the Dispora only cares for its ego. Somehow, how many Eritreans or Ethiopians suffer is a measurement of well massaged the egos are.

            An honest criticism to some Ethiopians here: you were not happy ethiopia is developing for its own sake, but because it gave you a reason to gloat over the misfortune of Eritreans. Maybe natural disaster will wake you up. Human life’s are not gambling dices.

          • Amde

            Selam Saleh,

            Not fair if you interpreted what I said to Nitricc that way.

          • Saleh Johar

            Amde,
            No my dear, I am not interpreting your comment, but you are a witness to the belittling that Erireans go through here. All the boasting and gloating as if we will feel bad if Ethiopia develops. I am just saying we need to tone down, all sides, including Nitricc who feels he came out victorious because some poor souls are suffering in Ethiopia. I am talking about the Ethiopian version of Nitricc’s attitude.

            My dear Nitricc, drought and other natural causes should not be used for egoistic political scores.

            Last note: this is what I said in a speech in Australia in February 2012. “…if Ethiopia suffers from poverty, I assure you it is not God’s mistake, He has bestowed on Ethiopia a fertile land, lots of water, a rich multi-cultural society and other endowments…”
            http://awate.com/?p=12834

          • Nitricc

            Hi SJ, when was the last time you sought a dentist? I think your tooth is in danger and I suggest you see a dentist as soon as possible, before you join the rest of the toothless group. You missed my point completely. Why do you think the people keep suffering from the same drought over and over? Because no Ethiopian leadership was hold accountable for the negligence of their duty i.e. any present leadership will not care because they know they are not going to be held accountable. This is the main reason the current Ethiopian leaders ignored the warning and as a result the children are paying the price. So, my point was to agitate the Ethiopians to wake up and challenge their government for the negligence of its duty.
            I was challenging the Ethiopians to demand more from their government. I was challenging the Ethiopians to hold accountable their government. I was challenging the Ethiopians to have respect for human life. I was challenging the Ethiopians to rise up and say no child should dye from hunger. I was challenging the Ethiopians to face it, head-on and stand up to this ugly event that keeps coming every now and then. The trend has to change and every responsible Ethiopian has the responsibility to take an action. I can tell you how I despise the Ethiopians who are making an excuse and supporting the government. All I can tell them is that when you sit for dinner with your children, think the child who is dying of hunger. I don’t have a child and I am not hungry but to speak up on behave of those children is not gloating or mocking the situation, rather, in a strong conviction that no child should be hungry let alone dying of hunger.
            My stand is nothing to do with politics and everything to do with humanity. Having said that; it is true, at the end of the day it is Ethiopians who needs to stand up but as human it doesn’t not mean I can’t express my opinion. Africa must change and Ethiopia is a big factor!
            I rest my case!
            Moving on!

          • Abraham Hanibal

            Nitricc,

            Do you know what; whatever you say about others has no meaning at all; and you do not have any moral ground to criticise others when the fact is that you and your likes are the major supporters of one of the planet’s most repressive regimes. So I would suggest that you look at youself first before you try to lecture others on humanity.
            You wrote, among other blabbers, “I was challenging the Ethiopians to demand more from their government. I was challenging the Ethiopians to hold accountable their government. I was challenging the Ethiopians to have respect for human life. I was challenging the Ethiopians to rise up…”. In fact I would challenge you and your likes to side by your people, instead of a power-hungry clique, and do the same things you’re encouraging the others to do.
            I don’t know whether you understand tigringa; but there is a saying that goes አቲ ናተን ሲ ንሓማተን; that fits you very well.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Abraham; first of all I said moved on and second respect the forum rule before talking something you have no idea for. For sure though I know it is killing you for not seeing hungry Eritrean children on the media. Frankly, the problem with Africa is there are people like who are totally confused and tricked by the west. Take this; Africa will change, so do Ethiopia. It is almost impossible to where Eritrea needs to go with out Ethiopia getting her act together. But again you wouldn’t understand that concept. Like I always ask, how do you free a happy slave, such as yourself?

        • Eyob Medhane

          Fatima,

          The word “famine” is very important for politically motivated and oppose the government. In the history of Ethiopian revolutions, in many especially the youth of 60s and 70s, it is in their minds that HSI was brought down by 1974 (1966 EC) famine. Therefore, many government opponents believe that the word could be put to use again to do the same job to the current government, if gets thrown around enough. That seems to be the main motivation…

          • Fetima Dechasa

            Selamta Eyob,

            It’s unfortunate to see a word that have such a negative connotation being thrown around so easily, really.

          • Amde

            Selam Eyob,

            I think we should embrace it as political tradition. The drought will come every X years. The incumbent in power will be challenged by accusation of Famine. Sometimes it works, as in HaileSellasie’s time, and the Derg’s. Sometimes it doesn’t.

            Personally I dont think we are at famine stage. We will know when we see emaciated people. It is rather worrying that all the work down to date still hasn’t gotten us to where we can weather a weather downturn. Why that is should not necessarily be politicised, and neother should criticism of the incumbent who runs the institutions that are supposed to address it.

  • said

    Selamat,

    In today Eritrea reality hard to grasp, first is first, many would truly miss WELWEL for what he symbolized of nobility of the soul and gracious resignation to the inevitable. What an honorable man! What a true living epitomization of forbearance, courage, nobility of the soul, graciousness and serene piety! He was and would.

    Like most adolescents, think they’ll live forever and ever. In geopolitics, as in biology, expiration dates are never visible. When higher calls come it comes suddenly and when the hour death comes, it’s always a shock.Forget what YG have to say, Eritrea is like any newly independent infant states that emerged from those bloody afterbirths gained at least a measure of independence.One would have to look at the break-up of the imperial Soviet Union heralded the last phase of decolonization and breakup. Mother Russia could no longer keep and corral its growing up children .People poured out of these disintegrating countries like creatures fleeing a forest fire. In any case held their own national interests above those of Moscow. The Soviet Union imploded in 1991 quickly with no warning in sight . Called the modern version of Yugoslavization that spread across the planet like wild forest. So, too, did the redrawing of many nation boundaries that took place in parts of Europe ,Asia and Africa from the 1990s into the twenty-first century, producing new states like Slovakia,Serbia , East Timor, Eritrea, South Sudan.Like Eritrea in hindsight and Looking back, it’s now far clearer that, in a certain sense, all or many of those states are failing. Sadly poorer, bleaker, much less devloped and much less hospitable countries,

    This being said .The source of my bewilderment must have been: “I am not a student of politics nor seeking anything, many in this forum have my recognition or admiration. I am helping myself to liberate from the etiquette of the normal and expected.” I went on to say, “ Actually, I needed to crush that ego out of the force of habit to near annihilation so it would start connecting with the real: our extensions, the others. I needed to truly grow spiritually by finally translating superfluous words and speculative thoughts into deeds.” I then ended, “I had always emotionally strongly identified with the meek of the earth. However, I found it simpler in words than in deeds to associate closely with them; a perceived social stigma that I did not possess in the past the courage of convictions, neither the inner security to fathom its deep hidden wisdom. Suddenly, I realized that I am a more whole finding the complementary missing components of my existence. A wisdom that could have escaped me and precluded my attainment of the light of spirituality had I remained cocooned in the comfort of the familiar and socially compatible

  • Gogo

    Selamat Awatistas,
    One of the most inspiring characteristics of the leaders, in all sense of the word, of the 1940s/1950s was their passion for knowledge. Taking their limited formal education into account, the breadth of their knowledge is breathtaking. Sylvia Pankhurst for example writes about the fluency of Blata Omer Qadi in literature and how he surprised her with the ease with which he spoke of the plays of Bernard Show. May be that period of our history is our version of philosophers leading and the leading philosophizing.

    GoGo

    • saay7

      Selamat GoGo:

      Indeed. Of the many things that I found objectionable abut Yosief Gebrehiwet’s analysis of Eritrean history is that he dismissed what he called the Ghedli Generation (an elastic term which, to him, meant anyone who came of age in the 1940s-1970s) as a bunch of confused know-nothings.

      saay

      • Eyob Medhane

        Sal,

        Please, please, please. I am really tying my tongue not to repeat myself. I just want to say this. There is NOTHING wrong with YG’s analysis, except your misinterpretation and willful twisting of his analysis.

      • Gogo

        Dear Saay,
        If anything, the Eritrean question had a strong intellectual underpinning and palpable socio-economic dimensions.One can only have but respect to people, without professing to be openly Marxist, link the Eritrean Nationalist question with substantive socio-economic grievances of the underdogs, the subaltern and the disenfranchised, i.e., the Tigre, the workers and the rural peasants. And this, unlike other revolutionary marxist movements, was done with emphatic and unequivocal support to democratic and constitutional political arrangements. The post 1961 generation’s fault was to pick the first and to leave the second.

        GoGo

      • Ambassador

        SAAY-

        By now, you may probably note that I have so much respect for you. But, YG’s analysis is not that of dismissive but more of explanatory. He tries to explain numerously, albeit to no avail, the state of mind Eritreans had during the colonial times and the subsequent ghedli era. He didn’t say Eritreans were confused-know nothings; but, according to him, they were mimicking their European colonizers. The words, arguments and phrases they used to explain their case at the UN sounds like those of the colonialists used on Eritreans.

        There are two prominent intellectuals on post-colonial theory-Edward Said and Homi Bhabha. Edward Said says colonialists misrepresent the colonized in a way of the colonialist’s past to create a constituency of backwards that legitimize their colonial project. Basically, they first created you as a backward (or colonized other) and purport to civilize you. Thus colonialists appear to be angels of civilization; not those cruel subjugators. How dare you; they had the bible to begin with and they were trying to spare you of the cruelty of their past by propelling you forward. We (the colonized), then came out to be the ingrates to the white man’s burden.

        Then Bhabha said, no wait, colonialism is not something locked in the past, there is also an element of the present that can easily be identified by inquiring the hybridity of the colonized. He then said, the colonized imitate and take on the culture of the colonizer to look a reformed and recognizable other. As a consequence, the colonized other almost looks the same, but not quite. In essence, the subaltern (colonized) is produced as other that, ironically, stops being a person without the colonizer’s presence in his/her identity. The subaltern will never be a European, but the grotesque version of it-yet recognizable and reformed. Blata Omer Qadi who narrated the plays of Bernard Show and all those dignitaries who described Ethiopian annexation as a travesty of civilization for Ethiopia was a feudal, backward nation were the grotesque versions of Europeans.

        Now SAAY, if you seriously think that a revolution that came out of this thinking and mindset was justifiable; I would say, you are a heck of a person that sees goodness on things that would rather be amply described as hideous.

        With respect,

        • Gogo

          Dear Ambassador,
          Would you be kind, on behave of YG that is, to state how the content and form of Eritreans’ discourse, especially of those who were rooting for independence, in the 1940’s resemble that of their European colonizers. Do you have the characterization of Ethiopia as feudal state in mind? If so do you really disagree with labeling a state feudal where virtually everybody is boxed into tenancy and the ruling elite bases its legitimacy to rule on divine designation? Does one have to be a ‘grotesque imitation’ of European thinking to object to joining a polity led by a king who acts and lives like Louis XIV? In the normative hierarchy where would you put the determination to take matters to one’s hand and be the king of one’s fate instead of fatalistically accepting your lower position in society?

          Regards

          • Ambassador

            Dear Gogo,

            A revolution, which was hell-bent to separate a piece of land from a polity ruled “by a king who acts and lives like Louis XIV” has created another colony. If you still are calling that piece of land, Eritrea that is, independent; well, we may first need to be clear on its definition for I have a different one in mind. All that revolution has created are bunch of miscreants who look down at others for they are superior and get proud of their colonial heritage (spaghetti being the easiest case). Go back and look at your comment: your metonymy of the king as Louis XIV says it all. See, you guys keep looking the grotesque European in everybody, including yourselves. How is that characterization of the 20th century African king as that of the 17th century European king different from the colonialist’s misrepresentation of the native as their own past? Edward Said is blushing from his grave when you commented that.

            My point is, once you go that road of colonialists-either by using their discourses or acting like one-there is no way to come out independent. You will always see things within a colonial frame, thus people will always be subjects and land is the dominion. That is what the revolution has created- a liberated land and its subaltern inhabitants.

            With respect,

        • saay7

          Selamat Ambassador:

          Thank you for your kind words.

          Actually one can have arguments about the meaning of words and metaphors in YG’s dense articles but when it comes to his opinion of the advocates of Eritrean independence of the 1940s-1960s, he is very clear. Here are just a few representative quotes of what he thought of them:

          “As stated above, the Eritrean revolution has never been about ideals, but about creating a new belonging alien to themselves.”

          The ghedli generation is “a generation at a total loss of what it actually wanted.”

          and:

          “the ghedli generation ventured to mieda with “independence” in their mind, however ill understood that concept was.”

          and:

          “the ghedli generation has been doing in its search of alien identities.”

          And, yes of course, “clueless”:

          “I would rather bet on the course of that evolutionary process rather than on the revolutionary road of the clueless ghedli generation.”

          I could go on but that will do.

          A lot of what the Ghedli generation believed may be inaccessible because, as GoGo showed, it is 2nd hand information, or anecdotal. But in the case of Weldeab Weldemariam (Welwel), it is there in black and white for all to see. Can anyone seriously say that the man has no ideals, was clueless and didn’t know what he wanted?

          saay

  • said

    A VISION IN SUSPENSION
    Salamat,
    Individuals endowed with an inquisitive mind racing to transcend the confines of the present and their delineations of social conditionings to grasp glimpses of the unknown as shaped in the abstracts of the amalgam of predilections, idiosyncrasies and innate intuitive urges are up to a surprise near the twilight of age: A Mirage of a Long Existence.

    Upon trespassing the threshold of the twilight of age, the assurance of the illusions of certainty gives way to cynicism. A state of suspension, judgment, values and all remnant vestiges of the illusions of an identity recede, precipitously, to oblivion, to utter irrelevance in the consciousness of the aware near the finishing line.

    Believers, engrossed in the fervor and passions of dogma, hold tenaciously to their original thought as they near the illusions of imminent deliverance and promises of whatever they believe be it the Kingdom of Heaven. The continuum of an original vision, deeply entwined with the intricacies of unfathomable psyche, enmeshes indiscernibly with the abstract of the threshold of the Kingdom of Heaven.
    Believers neutralized the endowment of sensory perception; abrogated the onus of rationalization; reduced a testing earthly journey clinging to the pivots of annunciations and professes by yesteryear seers and sages. They’re spared the bewilderment of victims of the inquisitive mind on the closing of age.

    Gripped by the complexity of an inordinate psyche, apparently a common feature of humans committed to the pursuit and untangling of objective reality, the coloring of my vision entailed the spectrum of all the colors of the contradictions of existence and unfathomable depth of the soul.

    I sought deliverance of the whole, ascribed to broad themes that transcend the confines of the self, a complex amalgam of sincere endeavor for the betterment of the whole in fulfillment of an endless quest for self-actualization, validation through the whole.

    Born a Moslem; product and espoused Eritrean Nationalism as an inseparable link in prioritizing ascendance in the betterment of the intimate and familiar towards universality of values and thought, the ultimate spiritual liberation through the casting of the yoke of deprivation and material necessity by humans as preludes to attainment of conscious awareness of the self.

    Days and we all shall witness the shadow of existence just as great mam WELWEL left us a legacy and I trespass into a new decade of age. With a shattered paradigm defining relevance, identity and harmonious coexistence with a vision rendered oblique by the onslaught of cacophonies of novelties, foreign to cognitive realization and devoid of central themes, I shall float with my vision, in suspension.

  • Nitricc

    Good read and there is one more teaching for current and future generation to come. As far as Eritrea goes, the choice is clear and path is set!
    “We prefer freedom in poverty to opulence in slavery.”
    Sékou Touré.

  • kazanchis

    It is a repeated lie seem a universal truth now, that Ethiopia colonized Eritrea. In colonization one race is superior and another one is inferior. In Ethiopia, there was no tribe or any people in particular or whatever had that privilege over the other. There might be few elites who may happened to be from one area or tribe but the vast majority of Ethiopians lived in a miserable feudal system before Derg and harsh communism during Derg. Businesses and top government offices were controlled by Eritrean elites, specially the business were run by Eritreans. I am not just defending Derg or Hailesilassie here, but I would like to be educated if I am wrong or why there was indeed colonialism. In my view, this notion brought and well propagated just maximize the siege mentality and demolish the brotherly and sisterly wall between the great people of Eritrea and Ethiopia. Asmera Asfaw, well done mate. 😉

  • Rule of Law

    Selam awate and all
    It’s amazing how Ato Weldeab preserved an old newspaper from 1942 and used it as a reference to pass a timely message on to this generation. Great article and thanks awate for sifting through the writer’s archives and publishing it.

  • Rule of Law

    Dawit and Selamawi,

    I wish you had read the introduction which reads “The late Ato Woldeab Woldemariam was a lifetime teacher, and a great debater. His Commitments to individual freedom, democracy and justice were as unshakable as his commitments to the unity of Eritrea and the dignity of its people” The fact the awate team made an effort to translate his work shows that they treat him with reverence. I could be wrong but I suspect that you gentlemen did not scan the content of the article (even the introduction part of it) apart from gazing at the picture.

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear Selamawi,

    awate team wrote this wonderful article and you came with small post to show us you love Wel Wel more than the team Lol. “ነገር ድልይልይ በትሪ ሃሰውሰው”..

  • haileTG

    ሰላም ሰብ-ዓዋተ

    ሓደ ካብቲ ኣብ ህይወተይ ግሩም ዝኾነ ዕድል ገይረ ዝዝክሮ፡ ኣብቲ ኣቦይ ወልደኣብ ዝሰረትዎ ቤት-ትምህርትን፡ ስርዓተ ትምህርትን፡ ክቋደስ ዝረኸብክዎ ናይ ንእስነት በረኸት ነበረ። ብሓቂ ኣቦይ ወልደኣብ፡ ኣባሓጎና ስለዝኾኑ እቲ ዝሰረቱልና መኣዲ ትምህርታዊ መዕበያ ኢና ተኻፊልና እምበር፡ ንመምህር ወልደኣብ ብኣካል ኣየርከብናሉን። እንተኾነ ግን ናብቲ ዝበረኸ መሳልል ፍልጠት ክንጉዓዝ እንኮለና፡ ኩሉ ትሕዝቶና ኣብ ልዕሊ እቲ “መጀመርያ ጥበብ ፍርሓት እግዚኣብሔር እዩ” ዝብል ርድኢት ክስረት ከምዘለዎ፡ ንጹር ዝኾነ ፈለግ ኣተሓሳስባ ኣምቢሮምልና እዮም ከይዶም ኣብቲ እዋን። ኪንዮ እዚ ሰረት’ዚ፡ ኣቦይ ወልደኣብ፡ ፍቕርን ስኒትን ኣብ መንጎ ሓድሕድናን፡ ምስ ኩሎም ከማና ዝበሉ ፍጡራትን ምእንቲ ክህልወና፡ ብንጹር ኣንደበት፡ እወታና፡ እወ ኣይፋልን ድማ ኣይፋል ክኸውን ዝገብር ምዕቡል ኣገባብ ትምህርታዊ ኮስኳስ ንቋደሰሉ ሰረት ተኺሎም። ቡዙሕ ሰብ ብፖለቲካዊ ዕዮ ኣቦይ ወልደኣብ ክምሰጥ ይረኤ እዩ። እንተኾነ ግን፡ ኣቦይ ወልደኣብ ኪንዮኡን፡ ዝያድኡን ደኣ ነበሩ። ኣብ ማሕበራውን፡ ትምህርታውን ኣድማስ ሕብረተሰብና እውን ቀንዴል እዮም ነይሮም። ኣቦይ ወልደኣብ ብቋንቋ ትግርኛ ዝጸሓፍዋ ናይ ስነ-ቁጽሪ መባእታዊት መጽሓፍ፡ ኣብ ማህደር ዕዮም ዝነበረ ግዙፍ ራእይ የመልክት። ስለዚ ንዓና’ውን ናብቲ ናይ በዓል ኣቦይ ወልደኣብ ዝነበረ ልቦና፡ ፍቕርን፡ ሓልዮትን ዝዓዘዞ መንገዲ ሰላምን ራህዋን ክመልሰና ንምነ።

    Regards

  • Saleh Johar

    Selamawit,
    Not knowing is not a crime, but to ask should be the natural thing to do when you don’t know instead of going all Christian name Musliim name. You condencending attitude aside, trying to lecture the meaning of the name, let me give this information which you are obviously unaware of:

    Aboy Weldeab used to sign his name Wel-Wel (abbreviattion of Weldeab Weldemariam. It was a sort of endearment which he used and not given to him by your victim “Saleh Gadi” or any other person. Suspicion without enough knowledge leads to sinning, and since you claim to be a believer, be careful not to fall in the domain of sinning by accusing me and Saleh Younis 🙂

    • Eyob Medhane

      Gash Saleh,

      I was just thinking that, if Selamawi (that is the commentors’ name by the way, not Selamawit :-)…If Selamawi knew names and nicknames that I have, which are filled with “choice words” for WoldeAb WoldeMariam, he would know that “WelWel actually would be the best, he wished for…. 🙂

      • Saleh Johar

        Eyob, the thing is ato WelWel came up with it himself. That is how he signed his name and this was the first time that I came across an objection. I don’t think Selamawi knew of the history behind the abbreviation he just reacted. No bad feeling.

        • dawit

          Dear Saleh,
          You don’t call or refer to someone with his signature, when you write an article for the public. You invented that nickname, and you have the right to use it for your personal pleasure. How many Eritreans know aboy Woldeab with WelWel?, and Selamawi is right to be offended, you should have referred to him as Ato Woldeab Woldemariam in your article. Admit you made a mistake and move on, instead of trying to rationalize your mistake, but you never admit your mistakes, you are always perfect. Worst you referred to Selamawi as an ignorant, for pointing an issue that he didn’t like.. I agree with you Selamawi went overboard injecting controversy with Christian and Muslem names. , if people were to be reoffered by their signature, I don’t know how many people can read and understand the signature of most people who scribble any thing as their signature,and what do you call some one who sign with his/her thumb?

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Cousin dawit
            disclosure (I up voted you by accident, I then had to correct myself, the reason is below)
            Dear dawitom
            Some comments are meant to be corrective, hence you better be less eccentric. WelWel is synonymous with Weldeab Weldemariam, both in its symbolic and emotional levels. dawitom, I know abona WelWel through revolutionary literature, and in one event, when he came to the field, in 1987, he had to sit for a meal with us (Meadi). Meadi tegadelti was usually made up of TEN eaters (attendants), yes, TEN. You din’t choose your partner and it was not a regular group. People who happened to come around the same time would just sit down and “order” the meal. Abona Weldeab walked into our group, and it was quite a moment. We forgot we were hungry, only the food enthusiastic were able to take a couple of bites each. The man was remarkable. We extended the evening talking, he was our hero. It was during the conduction of the 2nd Congress, I saw him later in Asmara, but did not have a chance to have a talk with him.
            Coming to the name, I knew that name or nickname, through revolutionary literature. Our litratures referred to him endearingly quiet often as WelWel. Guess who, among the writers, was? Yemane Gebreab. You could also see Alemseghed Tesfai referring to him, again, endearingly as WelWel. Therefore, I find your comment driven by bias towards the AT team. Not that you don’t have to criticize them, but when you criticize conservatively and appropriately, you show credibility and through that cultivate respect. Therefore, Awate’s reference to Abona Weldeab Weldemariam is appropriate, endearing and artistic. It has aesthetic value.
            Regards.

          • Saleh Johar

            Mahmuday,

            I didn’t know you were that inconsiderate, that cruel. Now you want him to argue against Gedli history ? I blame you, the third rate cadres you appointed were it good. You can see the product. 🙂

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Ahlan Saleh
            Haha…Saleh, be nice. Well, that’s true. I guess, dawitom will have to have the fight with his idols before jumping the gun.

          • Berhe Y

            Dear All,

            Is it possible that someone may know the name Woldeab Woldemariam and not WelWel? The book title that this article refer to say “Woldeab Woldemaria and it did not say WelWel.

            I have heard WelWel but I didn’t know what it stood for and I didn’t ask to find out.

            I disagree with reason given by the requester but it could be a legitimate comment, to also give some background for those who do not know.

            As far as AT usage, I think it’s ok, since the article is about his work, which according what everyone is saying, used the term on his works.

            Just my 2 cents.
            Berhe

          • dawit

            Dear Mahmud,
            Thanx for your input and for sharing your personal encounter with Abona Weldab Woldemariam. I was not opposing AT, but Saleh arrogance reply to what Selamawi complained about the title of the article. Even his replied to my comment shows his ignorance and arrogance nature. He claimed I was studying about Eritrea in 2000. I don’t claim like you that I have met Woldeab Woldemariam in person, but he was a household name in my family circle since I was a baby. He happened to be a schoolmate and a coworker with my grandfather and a teacher and a friend of my father. Now that is beside the point, but just because you and Saleh were introduced to his work through student organization literature, that doesn’t make it right to use his nickname rather than his formal name in writing the article. The great majority of Eritreans know him by his formal name Wleab Woldemariam. Like any Eritrean I have the great respect to him, but if you remember I and you had corresponded through AT about his role or absence in forming ELA in Cairo. You said you don’t know and I still have not heard from anyone who supported or refuted the allegation or rumor I heard recently.. Thank you for your up and down vote for my comment, honestly I don’t care about those votes. I have observed people vote not because of the merit of the idea they read, but based who wrote it, I have noticed even some stupid comments getting the up votes.

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Selam dawit
            Regarding your question about Welwel’s role in the establishment of ELF, that needs research. It’s about verification and/or validating a specific point in the man’s long journey for independence. Since I don’t know that exact circumstance, I correctly replied I didn’t know. However, unless you want to question the integrity of the Eritreans who announced the launching of ELF, abona Weldeab was ELF way before those students came together to establish ELF. He had been broadcasting the spirit of rising up to regain the rights that had been robbed by the king and his thugs. Therefore, even if he was not part of the group that declared ELF, it would have been on the merits of minor tactical differences. Remember, there was a clandestine organization called Hareka which involved all sectors of the Eritrean society which didn’t concur with the foundation of ELF and the idea of armed struggle. Therefore, like in any historic juncture, you should expect people to not agree in every plan.
            The rest of your comment was clarifying yourself. As far as your criticism of AT, just drop it please. It’s inconsequential. All our writers, including the man who is so close to me, the renowned Eritrean historian, Alemseghed Tesfai refer to him endearingly as Welwel. I trust Alemseghed integrity than any writer I have read. But here is the challenge: there is one man who you never heard picking that name, either in its full form or its nick.And that is Ato IA. Never mentioning him. That’s the oddity you should pick on.

          • Saleh Johar

            Hi Mahmuday,
            Welwel was not among the founders of the ELF is a bait and as I expected, you didn’t bite. You are amazing. I have heard this so many times and I know the reason for it. However, Shiekh Ibrahum Sultan was not among them as well but for obvious reasons, Dawit will not as you about him for his name doesn’t serve the purpose when the motive is sectarian. But Welwel was an institution himself and he was among the heroes who laid down the foundation of Eritrean nationalism.

            You mentioned Isaias never mentioned his name. Indeed, because his goal was always to be the alpha and omega and mentioning Welwel would make him feel like a dwarf. The important thing is that Isaias never paid a visit to the great man even when he was in his deathbed and the the contempt he had for Welwel is a common knowledge.

          • Semere Andom

            Hi Saleh and Mahmuday:

            IA never mentioned WelWel? How can he when he wanted Eritreas to believe resistance started in 1970 in the a meeting, I forgot the place 😉

            But seriously, IA has no hero, he has no mentor, he has no inspiration, it all the same with other Eritrean giants that he never mentions them and if he does it is with derision. The security person who escaped to Ethiopia said that when Idris Goladios died IA said that this guy deed nothing. In the late eighties after they realized they screwed up with ELF they wanted to rally the masses and they invoked WelWel another obscure “ heroes like Raesi Weldemichael of Tseazega when they were shopping for heroes.IA and his group maybe are the concluders of Gedli, but they were not the founders, they were not the visionaries, they were not the brave men, and their hearts were not burning with the love of Eritrea and its people. Dawit is mad because there is someone else endearingly called WelWel that will out shine IA in everything: in stature and reputation and courage.

            I also noticed that IA almost threw the flowers on WelWel’s grave instead of slowly laying them, did anyone notice that?

          • Nitricc

            Hi Ato Semere; you are an amazing. I can not figure it out. What is the definition of inspiration? You said shamelessly and ignorantly PIA has no inspiration! I have an idea what you have done to inspire anyone but for the record, PIA inspired enough to found and lead one of the most amazing Gedli this world has known. Not only inspired thousand and thousands of people but he accomplished what he set out to accomplish. I guess PIA should have fled to Sudan with help of TPLF and beg to be resettled in Canada. Well, I guess on this coward world we are living, anything is said with out shame and self respect.PIA can be called any thing but uninspired? The joke is on you.

          • dawit

            Selam Mahmud,

            You still missing the point. I have not doubted the lifelong contribution of Woldeab Woldemariam to Eritrean nationalism and the sacrifices he paid for it. Now I told you that information that I heard recently among Eritreans and I still ask Why? If true then Woldeab made a mistake and you cant tell me he was a perfect person without fault.. Now your mentor SGJ is claiming that he knows the reason but he does not tell the rest of us and shifts the focus why I did not ask you about Shiekh Ibrahum Sultan and try to slander me as a sectarian!. Smart dodging technique. If IA mentioned or didn’t WelWel is not the issue here and that does not bother me, that is up to him to honor he wants.
            .

          • Mahmud Saleh

            selam Dawitom
            I’m replying out of respect, otherwise, I have no idea what you are up to. You are jumping from a complaint you made about a name , then lumped that up with the role of Ato Weldeab, now you are condemning him on condition that the “information” you got was correct….
            Tell you what dawitom, only those intelligent of us want to be happily told that they are wrong. And when they know they are wrong, they admit it happily because that’s how we learn and move on. This is way below your standard, not trying to patronize you, but a brotherly advice. Let’s move on. WelWel is an endearing name of abona Weldeab Weldemariam. We call him that way in respect and he used it that way fully aware that each article he penned using that nickname was a probable cause for his assassination, but he used it proudly, anyway. It’s normal to see public figures represented by their nicknames in press. You are not writing a protocol type or a business related letter/memo…. where you are required to use the official name…I can generate tens of them if you want that. So, loosen up buddy.
            As far as the mentorship I get from SGJ, thank you for noting that. I accept it happily, because I see the persona of people like WelWel alive in Saleh and other writers who stand against tyranny. Indeed aboy weldeab is alive in the form of our activists and writers. That’s the important point to me.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam dawit,

            WelWel is an endearment to the people who knew him very well. My grandfather and my father who grew with him in the same denomination (in the same church) use to call him WelWel in the 50s and even after his exile to Egypt. If you haven’t any clue about it, learn by asking, and don’t assume or be anathema to anything that is said in this website. We will call him proudly and respectfully with his signature who was even proud to be called himself by it. So dawit take it as endearment and love for him.and stop to talking something you don’t know.

            Regards,
            Amanuel Hidrat

          • Abi

            Selam Ato Amanuel
            Did your grandfather and father grow up together?
            I’m confused. Help!

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Abi,

            Growth is not limited to the bringing up of your childhood……….I don’t think you will miss that, ante Qeldegna. What I mean by that is, they found the faith at the same time and grew spiritually together. How about that?

            regards,
            Amanuel Hidrat

          • dawit

            Selam Amanuel
            You did not add any new information to the discussion except to say ‘me too’ joining the heard mentality known here at AT. So you said your father and grand father grew up with WelWel in the same church. But what do you know if my grandfather and my father also grew up in the same church and they called him Woldeab Woldemariam? I was modest in my reply to Mahmud, when I wrote my grandfather was his coworker, which was true but he was also his teacher. As to my father Woldeab thought him how to play the Mandolin a lifelong gift to my father and enjoyed the music growing up. So you see Amanuel in your household you called him WelWel and in our house we called him Woldeab Woldemariam.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam dawit,

            Can you please share your
            father ‘s and grandfather ‘s name if they are from the same denomination of that era and will prove you that indeef your

          • dawit

            Selam Amanuel,
            Just for your curiosity and private use only ask about Keshi Emilios

          • Saleh Johar

            Hi Dawit,
            Long live the wisdom and patriotism of WelWel. If you love the hero, heed his advice, practice the clarity he taught instead of venturing on stuff you proved you have no clue about. The entire Eritrean history student body calls him WelWel as an endearment. Chech books, newspapers and you will see that. So, let me tell you I knew WelWel before I knew his full name since I was a kid. But for someone who grew in Enat Ager, I am sorry, your knowledge about such stuff is equivalent to that of Abi 🙂 but he never argues on stuff he doesn’t know, you do. I believe Abi knows better than you because he comes admitting while you pretend to know it all. Forget abot that Dawit, note that the piece appeared in awate on 2000, on the launch of this website. But then maybe you were just learning Eritrean history, if I am wrong on that, prove me wrong 🙂

          • saay7

            Abu Salah:

            I guess in 2000 when awate was launched, we were trying to remind our readers that we are trying to follow on the traditions of giants. In addition to the article being discussed, there was:

            1. My first contribution to awate “Let’s End The Era of Awate” (which is ironic for people who think I am a “Ghedli romantic”) where it… well, people can read it:) Welwel is mentioned:

            https://web.archive.org/web/20011108150731/http://awate.com/COLUMNISTS/ALNAHDA/salyouns1.htm

            2. The Fertile Womb began with a tribute to, among others, Weldeab Weldemariam, known to all (and to himself) as Welwel:

            https://web.archive.org/web/20001027202134/http://www.awate.com/HEROES/ibrhmwelwel.htm

            Cousin Dawit sometimes enters into useless polemic. It is some kind of Eritrean syndrome, I think.

            saay

          • haileTG

            Hey saay,

            Thanks for those links, I schemed through them and think that dawitom will do well to do the same:) For people who wish to get a general feel of the man’s work (some may rightly not know him). here is a summary Wikipedia too. Alas, Abi will catch up with the reason for all this fired up hoyhoyta 🙂

            https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woldeab_Woldemariam

            cheers

          • Saleh Johar

            Saay,
            Correction, it’s not Eritrean syndrome, it’s hybrid Eritrean syndrome. There is a big difference 🙂

          • Semere Andom

            Hi Saleh:
            Come on now admit it, in this article that Sal linked, the fertile womb, you wrote, “Ibrahim Sultan and Welde’ab….”, why is that you mentioned the full name of the first and only the first name of the second. Why did you rob Weldeab Woldemariam his full name. Please correct, admit your mistake and move on

          • Abraham Hanibal

            Selam Semere,

            Is it really you who wrote this one? I can’t believe; I consider you one of Awate Forum’s most insightful and knowledgeable contributors. I’m, therefore, disappointed to see you falling to the level of Dawits in this case. You should have looked at the bigger picture; and the merits and acknowledgements that AT gives our father Weldeab Weldemariam, rather than dwelling on senseless arguments of not writing his full name. Remember this website is named “Awate”, and not “Hamed Idris Awate”; do you think this is out of disrespect for the father of our liberation struggle?

          • saay7

            Come on Abe:

            Cousin iSem is lampooning Cousin Dawit.

            One Emma at a time please:)

            Emma, you know I love you.

            saay

          • haileTG

            Haha Abraham, he played you! Don’t worry he did that once to me too:-) He is pulling our legs and poking fun at the commenters who made the issue out of the shortened form: Welwel 🙂

          • Abraham Hanibal

            Hi Haile, Saay, Mahmuday,

            Yes, indeed, I’ve fallen in the trap of jokes of Semere; you see that is something that happens when half-communicating without looking the facial expressions.-)

          • Semere Andom

            Selam Ab:
            Thanks for the kind words. This was a joke to Saleh for Dawit’s silly obsession with Welwel;-)

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Dearest Abraham
            Semere is doing his usual stint, in a way, he is mocking dawitom.

          • Mesfin

            Good evening AT team! Semere! I read ur article about ashmat Eritrawyan and I enjoyed. I also had an impression that you could be one of our frontiers. But, what happened now? Are you trying to play cheap game: You accused Saleh that he has greater respect for Abona Ibrahim Sultan than Abona Weldeab Wedemariam [WelWel]. I don’t expect this from you. You are deviting the whole plan of Unity in our Diversity. Saheh Johar has been an excelent lecturer. I am your student (both of you)and attending Awate Courses. I advice you to refrain yourself from planting hatred among Eritreans. Eritreans had it enough from former Ethiopean leaders.

            Regards
            Mesfin

          • Semere Andom

            Hi Mesfin:
            Thanks for your comment. This comment was supposed to be an inside joke between; Saay, Saleh Johar, Haile TG and Mahmuday. It was not intended at dividing, my apologies if it came accross like that. The reader and editor are always right

          • Mesfin

            Good day Semere! Apology accepted. I was lost in that joke. Keep it up the good wok. You have teamed up with good people on a perfect platform. To add on: It was commented by one commentator (couldnt find who) and I agree with statment that if Eritrea and Ethiopea had people with good intent for the mass of both countries, which is in the 1940s and 50s, both countries wouldnt have been in the mess they are in. It is true that our mentors of Eritrean democracy [Abona WelWel, Abona Ibrahim Sultan and many more] did not have many supporters. They lost hope and Abona WelWel came up with concluding statemet that we Eritreans have agreed to disagree. Now, this statement shouldn’t hinder us from Uniting and fighting for commen gaol. It should rather inform us that our grandfathers have failed us and left us in misery. Then, we paid thousands of men and women to be free from the misery we where left in. This did not help. So, intellectuals in the Awate website and others should work on Educating Eritreans and others, including Ethiopeans about democracy and dectetorship. This should be the way out.
            According to my understanding, we failed in the 1940s and 50s that most of our grand fathers we not educated. So, it was easy for the colonizers to mislead them in the name of ‘hcibret’. Even now, many of the slaves of PFDJ are illiterates.

            Regards
            Mesfin

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Saay,

            From the links you attached in this particular comment of yours, my eyes stuck to your article “let’s End The Era of awate” particularly to your subtitle “the right to disagree”. I concur with the disagreement you listed except on one. And that is, the disagreement on socialism wasn’t “on the brand of socialism” rather it was on the path to socialism which is “new democracy” China way by EPLF and the “non capitalist path” by ELF, the soviet way. But what I love on the totality of the Points of disagreement you stated in your piece are that they are still a reminder to our differences as we speak, and non of them are settled to this day, though the ideological principles on the one side, somewhat changed to a capitalist ideology (ELF). So keep those lists of disagreement as a reminder and be subject to resolution in a round table as we go forward to tackle them.

            regards
            Amanuel Hidrat

          • Abi

            Selam Ato Saleh and Hailachin
            I have to admit that I learned a lot more about eritrea in the past 3 years than ever before.
            Thanks

          • Eyob Medhane

            Abi,

            Make sure that you learn it from the right unbiased sources though. Especially about the gentleman (I am sorry, I am having a hard time to call him that, but I did that out of respect of awate moderators) who is a subject of this article…

          • Abi

            Hi Eyobe
            Are you talking about the person whose major oppositions for unity with ethiopia are corruption and poverty? I don’t blame him . He wanted to stay single than to marry a poor and backward. Or are you talking about the person who hid behind the Egyptians when the going gets tough?
            One thing I learned is it was a wrong marriage and a right divorce.

          • Eyob Medhane

            Abiye,

            All that and I am talking about a person, who is sooooo self loathing, who also wanted to ‘divorce’ himself from his Tigrean roots and open racist, who used to use his own news paper to target and attack a specific sub ethnic group (Shewan Amhara) to instigate hate…that person I am talking about…

          • Abi

            Eyobe
            That person!
            I’m sure he had told his students if they don’t study hard and do their homework, they will be eaten by the Amharas.
            I’m also sure his hate spewing newspaper was distributed in addis by the ever smooth talking ,angel looking mass mobilizers.

          • Ted

            Hi Abi, please enlighten your hopeless romantics countrymen who are unable to move on with their life that constantly monitoring what their EX is doing consumed most of their life. The idea their EX date an Arabs send them in to panic mode:-). By now they should have known not having their Ex in their life is not the end of the world. What ever caused the divorce, i am glad most us we moved on to deal with our domestic issues , of course there are a few still like to dwell on how, who, why it happened. Here is Louise C. K , the comedian put it well what you said about divorce.

            “Someday, one of your friends is gonna get divorced, it’s gonna happen, and they’re gonna tell you. Don’t go, ‘ohhhh I’m sorry.’ That’s a stupid thing to say. First of all you’re making ’em feel bad for being really happy, which isn’t fair. And second of all: divorce is always good news. I know that sounds weird, but it’s true, because no good marriage has ever ended in divorce. It’s really that simple.”

          • Abi

            Hi Ted
            Since you left ethiopia and became a full fledged eritrean, things have changed. it is hard to find a mozaza ethiopian crying for a long divorced eritrea. Sorry.

          • Ted

            Hi Abi, i am glad you have graduated and moved on albeit your instinct to follow your heroic forefathers. That is what the university for. For mozzaza, just scroll a little up.

          • Abi

            Hi Ted
            Trust me on this. I’m the last one to graduate. I was in denial. I was the mozaza and the fezaza.

          • Eyob Medhane

            Abishu,

            Ha.. 🙂 Now you are catching on, except that, during his time of preaching hate, there were hardly any “angel looking mobilizers”. In Addis. It was a time, when many of his fellow Kebessa were demonstrating “Ethiopia weyem Mot” on the streets of Asmara. In fact, some of them hated this person so much that they attempted to kill him repeatedly. He of course accused “spies” and “collaborators” of Ethiopia were doing that and fled to, where else? Cairo. That is the person I am talking about…. 🙂

          • Abi

            Eyobe
            What ? He fled to Cairo? Shame .
            Abraha Deboch, Zeray Dires, Moges Asgedom died for their country.
            Well, ” ager siyarej jart yabeqlal.”

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Abi and Eyob,

            It’s unfortuante that you guys have to resort to insults and redicule an Eritrean hero and Mandela in his own right. Just reading a couple of lines from wikipedia does not give the full picture of the man, on his life long search for justice and freedom and his contribution to the struggle of his fellow human being.

            If any thing, had the Emperor and king of kings, dealt with people like him and kebire honestly and fairly, the suffering and history of our people (both) would have been written in a lot better ways. Off course it started with the assassination of Kebire and many attempts of Woldeab but it all ended with the very Emperor dead and burried like a rat under his own chiar. If anything, we all should learn from the peaceful resitance and struggle and we should vow never to repeat the same mistake again. He was an educator, a journalist and an editor. He did not land in Ethiopia, Ethiopia landed on him to borrow Malcom X.

            The serveral assasination attempts were conducted by Ethiopian spier their agents and their collaborators. Here you will find from a top-secret letter to the Emperor from an Ethiopian intelligence member.

            It read: “I bow and kiss the land and wish God the Savior to elongate your age and bestow health to you. So as to spy on the Eritrean rebels abroad, we had devised a means by which we could take pictures of them and capture their worthless agents here in Asmara. So as we and the Ministry of National Administration could work jointly on this matter, I have sent the copy of the documents to Dejazmatch Kiflie. These documents not only are useful here in Asmara where they helped to capture the agents, but also in our intelligence work abroad. Most of all is the documents’ importance. It is a great thing to have infiltrated the Eritrean rebels.”

            This is from an interview with Dr. Nicole Saulsberry, an American scholar who did her dissertion on Woldeab Woldemariam. You can read the full interview in the link below.

            http://kemey.blogspot.ca/2008/09/interview-with-dr-nicole-saulsberry.html

            If you are intrested you can also read her book in stanford “The life and times of Woldeab Woldemariam”

            https://books.google.ca/books/about/The_life_and_times_of_Woldeab_Woldemaria.html?id=v5lFAQAAIAAJ

            Regards,
            Berhe

          • Eyob Medhane

            Berhe,

            I wish you were around here in awate long enough to see a book worth arguments that I had with Gash Sale, Sal and many others about WeldeAb WeldeMariam or Hamid Idris Awate. Both Gash Saleh and Sal were kind enough to let me make my point and present so many evidence, which I think support what Inthink of these men. None of them were from Wikipedia. Sal and I also talked a lot about the Eritrophile and Ethiophile “ferenj” writers, like you linked above. I wish not now to go back to those arguments. Therefore, I just say let’s agree to disagree. One thing though, your heroes are not mine. They never have and never will be. I have a different name that I describe them with, which is not appropriate to state here. Have a blessed night.

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Eyob,

            I have been to awate long enough, but it’s possible that I have missed those exchange and I am not going to suggest that you do it again. It’s perfectly ok that we agree to disagree.

            The point I was making, which I feel that you, Abi and some other Ethiopians seem to imply that what ever went wrong in the union is as a result of Eritreans and of Arab / Egypt agents, but you failed to point out any wrong doing by the king and that of the military junta that followed it.

            Personally I don’t think the Union / federation was wrong, even if one is looking purly from Eritrea’s interests. But if the union come by force instead of mutual agreement, and if one party is expected to subjugate the other, like all other unions it is doomed to fail.

            You see I lived in Canada, way more than I lived in Eritrea. And I have seen the union of French and English speaking Canadians and how they handle their differences. I also witnessed a referendum in 1994, where the separatist in Quebec (French) lost by 1 % of vote from breaking up the country.

            The difference is that the English speaking majority wanted the French to stay, as they believe the union makes the country great, but they leave it for the people of Quebec to make the decision and respect the results.

            As a result you have majority of French speaking Canadians want to stay within Canada rather than to separate, as it’s to the best intrest of both people. I am sure Eritreans are NOT stupid by nature, and fail to see this and so does Ethiopian people.

            What happened in our union is nothing of this sort but instead we are forced to assimilate by changing our panel code, by abolishing our parliament and changing our education/ language and not to mention political and military oppression as well as assosinations of our leaders.

            Many of those Eritrean unionist (who supported the union), such as our chief of police (Tedla Uqbut, Murdered (mysteriously), our leader Tedla Bairu (forced to resign), and unelected king representatives took charge abolished our parliament, lowered our flag and annaxed our country. The king alinated not only the opponents of the union but the adherent supporters. If this does not warrant a revolt, what does when all peaceful resistance failed.

            The tragedy was the king never believed in the federation and as was many evidence suggested he agreed to it to buy time. And the problem I have is, none of you guys see anything wrong in what happened from the Ethiopian side. All you point out is, how Eritreans were 1% in Ethiopia, how Eritreans were doing well in Ethiopia etc, but that really do not justify what happened. The King live in England in exile (he run away by the way) and he had first hand experience what it’s like to have a functioning parliament and a government, but he failed to transform his country to a functioning democracy.

            There are many instance in our history where a deal was reached between Ethiopian and Eritrean leaders but in almost all cases, Ethiopian leaders always seem to never bother to hold the deal. Weather it’s Bahri Negasi (who helped saved the abisinia kingdom from exitiniction) or RaEsi Woldemichael (who was put to jail when he agreed to make peace with Rus Alula) or when Menlik and his troops how they treated the Eritrean POW as compared to the Italians during Adwa, the annaxition of our country, the peaceful negotiation to end the armed struggle with Derg after the fall of the Emperor, the peaceful negotiation of Derg/ EPLF to end the war via East Germany, and the most recently the peace agreement we signed in Algeria. In almost all cases, they have no intention of honoring but did so to buy time, and these I believe have been the source of all of our problems.

            I am proud of our ancestors and our shared history, our shared values and religion. For example, I am proud of Lalibela and his achievements and one day I hope to visit that great place and other historical parts of Ethiopia.

            I never said that my heroes should be yours. Speaking for my self, a lot of your heroes are my heroes and I am sure there are some of mine as yours, people such as Zerai Deres and Abebe Bekila. I am really glad to learn my childhood hero, who I knew personally and use to see him almost every day, best goalkeeper Desalegn G/Georgis is honored with life time achievement in Ethiopia recently.

            I think your discount of the research by Dr. Nicol because she happen to be “ferengi” is really unfortunate. Refute here book and her research if you are interested but to completely disregard because she is “ferengi” is not being intellectually honest. To me it doesn’t matter who is doing writing the history, as long as it’s given it’s true historical considerations. By the same token are you going to discount the research of Richard Pankhurst and all his life long work about Ethiopia and Ethiopian history, just because he was “ferengi”?

            If this is not the case, then I agree with you that let’s agree to disagree, what I am really interested is the future. We are where we are now and there is nothing we can do about it, let’s hope to build a brighter future for our next generation and many generations to come. Look at you, with the little relative peace how much you are able to achieve in such few and short years. Because you have achieved so much and that you are doing great, you need to treasure the peace you have and protect it. Learn from the past mistakes that were made and vow never to repeat them again.

            If countries and people such as, Germany and Israel, Germany and France, France and England, Japan and America, Japan and Korea, America and Russia and few others, who went through so much death and destruction and are able to bury the hatchet and live in peace, I am sure we can do the same. Our bad histoy really pales in comparison. I am hopeful that one day, we live in peace, by respecting our differences and co-operating on our interests and that I am sure we will do, when we have selfless leaders who can see beyond their little small bubble and think of the good of the people rather.

            If the wish of Ethiopians is that they have nothing to do with Eritrea, that’s fine as well. Like many, many other African countries, Eritrea will be able to sustain it’s economy and grew at a rate like many others. For example, Rwanda where 30% – 40% of budget is accounted from Foreign Aid, support of World Bank and IMF and other foreign investment and loans, if it’s not able to grow domestically. Eritrea has lots of going for it, and to think that because it’s find it self in this unfortunate situation and it will stay there for ever is, all we have to do is look to our neighbor to the south, Ethiopia and how they have overcome such unfortunate misery they sustained in their previous past.

            Berhe

          • saay7

            Selamat Berhe:

            The problem that we get on issues like this is that we people we consider authoritative and unimpeachable are looked at suspiciously by people like Eyob. Not because their scholarship is questionable but because they just don’t like their conclusions.

            For example, Trevaskis and his “Eritrea – A Colony In Transition: 1941-52” is considered an authority by most of us. This is what he says about the Shifta movement of the 1940s:

            “At the scene of many outrages, the SHIFTA left letters declaring their loyalty to the Emperor Haile Sellasie and THREATENING HIS ENEMIES WITH DEATH. At the same time Miss Sylvia Pankhurst’s NEW TIMES and ETHIOPIAN NEWS was describing the SHIFTA as “PATRIOTS” and the Ethiopian authorities were openly granting refuge in ADDI ABO district of the TIGRAI. That the disturbances were inspired by the UNIONIST PARTY and, indeed, the ETHIOPIAN GOVERNMENT itself was taken for granted throughout ERITREA.” [All emphasis his.]

            An example of the “outrages” includes the following:

            SIX ITALIANS and FIFTEEN MOSLEMS were MURDERED. Five of the latter were TIED UP AND BEHEADED WITH SWORD IN THE PRESENCE OF THEIR WOMEN AND CHILDREN…. THE VICTIMS OF THESE OUTRAGES WERE ALL EITHER OPPOSED TO UNION WITH ETHIOPIA OR CONNECTED WITH THOSE WHO WERE.” [Again, emphasis in the original text.

            So, as much as I like people like Eyob, I find it futile to argue with them based on historical narrations because they are the ultimate Wela Tnfer Tiel Iya:)

            saay

    • SenaiErtrawi

      Selamat SGJ,
      Thank you for the article, great lessons. As for the PFDJ’s rotten souls who are trying to drag you into a controversy, IGNORE adiyom/habom 🙂

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear Asmera Asefaw,
    1.which writer are you mentioning? the writer of above article or the idea and book of our father Wel Wel ?
    most probably you are talking about Wel Wel , If so please read the book first. or show me where you read Wel Wel have different idea from mine. but make sure you read every title to the end.
    02.the fist responsible for the mess in Eritrea is the educated Eritreans of those years and the king of Ethiopia – as far as I understand. the wise choice was to hear the choice of people by referendum which we have done it later after 30 years war which we could have done it back in 50’s.
    03. Arabs? which Arab do you mean? I know there was a support from some Arab nations and no one should deny that. wasn’t socialist Yemen supporting Derg? it is just normal to support people who struggle for their national question. and every nation supports for different reasons. like Soviet was supporting Derg or US was supporting HS against our struggle.
    04. yes I can imagine how they could influence others if unity was done in its proper way. But was that unity what we saw?

    the Unity thing should be unity for peace and development and above all it should be done by People’s choice.

    Think about future, we can reunite without dismissing the dignity of nations. unity is not monopolizing others by force.

    • kazanchis

      I completely agree with your point that there was use of force than discussion to unify, Kokhob. Unfortunately, Ethiopia was under Hailesilassie and Derg like Eritrea is under Isaias today. It was a missed opportunity for the people of the two countries, had there been a democratic and selfless administration back then. The unnecessary wars could have been avoided and hundreds of thousands lives would have been saved and the economy also would have been saved from being war-torn.

      Nations are busy day and night to figure out achieve economic integration. Eritrea seem indifferent to engage in such endeavors. Unity is power, if it is done in organized fashion. West African countries started using same passport and working to introduce common bank note. Eastern African countries (Kenya, S. Sudan, Ethiopia) have massive projects (LAPSSET) to integrate their economies. Ethiopia is already in advanced level of economic integration with Djibouti. The two ports of Djibouti are being connected with two train network projects which would link the entire country from East to West and South to North. Eritrea and Ethiopia are relatives regardless of the wars and unjust deeds from both sides at the moment. No one can erase the fact and tar with the brush of their own version. May peace prevail!

    • Mesfin

      Well done Kokhob! But, people like Asmera and dawit won’t understand this. Especially, when you mention PFDJ, they get stroke. They lose their mind. They can through stones to anywhere, even on to themselves. I enjoyed reading your poem. Kee it up!!!

      Regards
      Mesfin

  • Kokhob Selam

    ክቡራት እንዳ ዓዋተ

    መቸም እታ “ምሩጻት ዓንቀጻት ኣቶ ውልደኣብ” ብዝብል ኣርእስቲ ብክቡር ትኳቦ ኣረስዕ እተሰናደአት መጽሓፍ ኣብ ኢድ ኩሉና ከምዘላ ርግጸኛ እየ:: ኣነ ኣብ ዝሓለፋ 15 ዓመታት ክሳብ 5 ግዜ ብስሩዕ ኣንቢበ ጨርስያን ብተደጋጋሚ ከም መወከሲ ተጠቂመላን እየ :: ብኣካል ሓንሳብ ጥራይ እየ ንቦና ወልደኣብ ክሪኦም ዕድል ረኺበ:: ብርግጽ በጀካ ብቪድዮ ብኣካል ክዛረቡ ኣይሰማዕክዎምን :: ካብ ኣዝየ ዘድንቆ ባህርይ ኣቶ ወልደኣብ ግን ሓቂ ክዛረቡስ ነቶም ኣብ ሕሶት ዝርከቡ ‘ውን ብሓልዮት ዝከናኸንዎምን ንኸረድኡ ህርድግ ዝብሉ ምንባሮምን እዩ ::

    ነታ ኣብ ትሕቲ “ኤርትራ ንመን?” ብዝብል ኣርእስቲ ብተኸታታሊ ትወጽእ ዝነበረት ብዓንቀጻት ዝተኸፋፈለት ጽሑፍ ምስ እንዕዘብ እዞም ሊቕ ኣተሓሕዛ ጉዳያት ዝፈልጡ ረቂቅ ናይ ምስትብሃል ክእለት ዘለዎም ምንባሮም ነስተብህል :: ኣንባቢ ግን ነዚ ርእሰ ዓንቀጽ ቁንጥር ቁንጥር ኣቢሉ እንተኣንቢቡ ክደናገር ይኽእል እዩ :: ስለዚ ከንብባ ንዝደሊ ዝህቦ መኽሪ ካብ መጀመርያ ክሳብ መጨረስታ ከንብባ ከምዘለዎ እየ :: ብርግጽ ኣንባቢ እቲ ጽሑፍ ብ 1947 ከምተጻሕፈ ኣብ ጸብጻብ ክእቱን ንሽዑ ዝነበረ ወድዓዊ ኩነታት እና ኣስተማቀረ ከንብብ ይግባእ ::

    ክሳብ ኣንቢብኩም ትውድኡ ሕቶ ኣለኒ :
    1. ወልወል ዝብል ቅጽል ሽም ከመይ ተዋህቦም ?

    2. ሓደ ደጋፊ ህግደፍ ክንሱ ንኣቶ ወልደ ኣብ ወልደማርያም ዘድንቅን ሓሳቦም ዝድግፍን እንተኾይኑስ ነዛ ጥቅሲ እዞም ሊቅ ኣንቢብዋ ዶ ይፈልጥ ይኸውን ?

    ………… “ኣብ ዲሞክራሲያ እቲ ብዛዕባ ህዝቢ ዝመክር ኩሉ ብግልጺ ይመክር “ገጽ 109

    3 እዞም “ንህግደፍ ክንጽግን ” ዝብሉና ኣሕዋት ሲ ካብ ልቦም ዶ ይኾኑ ? እሞ ከመይ ድኣ ደገፍቲ ኣተሓሳስባ ወልደኣብ ኣተሓሳስባ ኮይኖምስ ሙግሱን ይውድሱን ? ነዛ ብሂል ኣቶ ወልደ ኣብ ዶ ኣንቢቦማ ይፍልጡ ?

    . “ዲክታቶር ከም ሓደ ክጋገ ዝይክእል ቅዱስ እዩ ዝቁጸር እሞ ክንቀፍ ከቶ ዘይክእል እዩ : እታ ፍቃዱ ወይ ድልየቱ ንርእሳ እታ መግስቲ እያ ስለዚ
    ብሓይሊ ማለት ብውግእ እንተዘይኮይኑ ካብ ስልጣኑ ኪወርድ ኣይክእልን እዩ” ገጽ 109

  • L.T

    Thanks for a great article about Ato Wel-Wel,I have read his op-ed book by Ato Tikabo Aresie and he made the unusul calm outlines historical facts about Ertra in his article of 40s and started 50s and he intereviewed of Arefayene Berhe in 1982 in Italie on his life and I have read it in Haddas Ertra.1987 when he arrived in Bolonga and I was there and then in 1991 I was there when he said so to us”My children now we are free people and we need now is the one that has made much should not overdo it ,and those who have not done to Ertra should not feel any quilt ,but all of you build Ertra togethe.I was almost crying.
    I met Ato Weldaeb 19989,when he was in Uppsala Sweden with his sister’s children(W/ro Aster children)Dr,Reverend Ezra,Prof Mahari ,B.General Bereket,Dr Nayzgi Geberemedhin and I have a picture with him.Born in Adi Zarna 5k from Mendefera but he started school in Beleza and work in Barentu and as a teacher in Asmera .Our father was his student in “wenegelawit Bethrti(Enda Kenisha).
    If you read Mehir Issack Yosief book”Hade Ertrawi”Only Eritrean)you can find him there.

    • PTS

      L.T,
      Let me see the picture. Thanks.

      • AOsman

        PTS,

        Who do want to see, Welwel or the local star L.T.?

        Regards
        AOsman

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear awate friends:- what if this great man comes down and see the mess?

    …. ሓንሳብ ቅልቅል …….

    ነዛ ክልኢት ፈጣሪ ፈቂዱ :-
    ወል ወል ሕጂ እንተዝወርዱ :-
    ክሪእዎ ህዝቢ ተቀፊዱ :-
    ኣዳራሹ ብሓሶት ተጋሪዱ:-
    ……… ኣቤት እወ ክንደይ ምስ ሰንበዱ!::

    ‘ታይ ገበሩ ኣብ ገነት የዕርፉ :-
    ውሒዱ ዶ ብተጻይ ክጽረፉ:-
    ኣብ ‘ዛ ዓለም ብጥይት ክጥርፈፉ:-
    መእንቲ ህዝቢ መከራ ከሕልፉ::

    ግን ሲ!
    ሓንሳብ እባ ነዛ ሓንቲ ቛሕ ሰም :-
    እንተዝመጹ ካብ ገነት ናብ ዓለም:-
    ክርኢዎ ናብራ ደቂ ዓዶም:-
    ንነብሮ ዘለና ናብራ ስቃይ ሕሰም::

    በቃ:-

    ነዛ ንትዕዝብቲ ነዛ ሓንሳብ ቅልቅል :-
    ጥምት ከብሉ ናይ ጨካናት በደል:-
    ናጽነት ሓርነት ብድሑር ክሰናኸል :-
    ሓዘኖም ምስ ርኣና ካብ ልቢ ዝነቅል::

    ዕረፍቲ ርኸቡ ሸኽ ከቢረ – ሊቅ ወልደኣብ:-
    ዘይሕለን ኣሎ መስመርኩም ዝስዕብ :-
    ንስለ መናፍቓ ንስምረት ዘይጠልብ :-
    ብሓቀኛ ትርጉም ሓፋሹ ዝእክብ ::

    ሰውራ እዩ ሰውራ ጸረ ‘ቲ ወረራ :-
    መጅድ እዩ መጅድ ጽንዓቱ ዘትረራ :-
    ሓቂ ክሳብ ትዕወት ሓሶት ተሳዒራ:-
    ጀግና ነይምለስ ሴፉ ምስ ዓተራ!::

    ኮኾብ ሰላም

    • L.T

      Kokob…You are Yemane Baria…

      • Kokhob Selam

        Dear L.T
        I don’t know how you noted it! but, yes in this poem I have fallowed his style. in fact I have a reason for that. Hopefully the massage has arrived to the concerned properly.

    • Abraham Hanibal

      Dear Kokhob S,

      You’re truly a gifted poet, thank you. However I’ve a reservation with this sentence: “ንስለ መናፍቓ ንስምረት ዘይጠልብ”. Kokhob, nothing is wrong with calling for unity of justice seeking forces as long as it emanates from honest desire and mutual understanding among the various groups. In fact, it is the only way forward for the success of the resistance against PFDJ-domination.

      • Kokhob Selam

        Dear Abraham Hanibal,

        Thank you. your reservation is well noted. Since I agree with what you said, there must be a hidden massage I have thrown when I say ንስለ መናፍቓ ንስምረት ዘይጠልብ :: note that what I said is ንስለ መናፍቓ.. true unity will not come by cheating and pretending. unity is about having common aim and you can’t make unity with those who don’t even keep the dignity of human being, you know what I mean.

  • Kokhob Selam

    ክቡራት ኣሕዋት :-
    ሓቂ ኣዝያ ሓያል እያ :: ምስ ሓቂ ዝገበር ፍትግ ፍጹም ዘዋጽእ ኣይኮነን :: ከምኡ ይከኣል ነይሩ እንተዝኸውን – መን ከም ‘ቲ ኣብ ባይታ – ወረ ኣብ ስልጣን ተቆጪሑ ዝነታረኽ ዘሎ ህግደፍ ይመጽእ ? መን ከ ኣብ ሞንጎ ሓንቲ ንግሆ ብድድ ኢሉ “ንሕኸኹኒ ክሓከኩም ” መገዱ ዝመረጸ ክጸጋግንን ክለጋግዕን ዝፍትን ሻጥር ኣባል መሪሕነትን ወይ ብጻዩ ሰላይ ተንበርካኽን ይወዳደር ? የግዳስ ሓቂ ፈጣሪ ባዕሉ እዩ :: ፍቅሪ ድማ ንሓቂ ተንበርኪኽካን ተማእዚዝካን እያ ትርከብ :: ስምረትን ፍቅርን ብሸፍኖ ብሸፋፍኖ ኣይኮነን ዝጥረ :: ጉድ ብኣገባብ ተቀሊዑ ብሰናይ ድልየት ግዳያት ምሕረት ተዋሂቡ ጥራይ እዩ ሰላም ዝሰፍን ::

    ሎሚ ሎሚ ከም ሓዊ ዘቃጽል ሓቂ ኣብ ልዕሊ ሓሶት ምዝናቡ ንብዙሓት ቆጭ ቆጭ የብሎም ኣሎ :: ገና ግን ናይ ምትላል ሜላታቶም ይቅጽልዎ ኣለው ::እዚ ግን ንዝያዳ ገሃነማዊ ሃልሃልታ ድኣ ይመርሖም እምበር ነታ እነሻዕ ትጉልብት ዘላ ቅልጽም ሓቂ ፍጹም ኣይስንፋን እዩ ::

    መሪሕነት ህግደፍ ደጋጊሙ ካብ ዝምዝምዞም ጉዳያት ሓደ እዩ ጉዳይ ኣቦይ ወልደ ኣብን ዓብደልቃድር ከቢረን ካለ ኣኦት ጀጋኑ ኣቦታትናን ወዮ ዘይከም ዓሚ ሎሚ ህዝቢ ብጦናት ዝፍኖ ሓሶት ከደናግሮ ኣይኮነን::እሞ ድኣ ! “ብዓል ኣፍ ዶ ብዓል ጣፍ?”

  • Mahmud Saleh

    Selam Awatawyan

    እቶም ቀዳሞት መራሕትና፡ ኣቦና ወልወልን ሼኽ ዓብዱክቓድር ኸቢረን ኣቦና ሼኽ ኢብራሂም ሱልጣንን ብጾቶምን ዝሓደግዎ እንኮ ዘይሃስስ ኣሰርን ሕድርን እንተሃልዩ፡ ሓድነት እዩ ነይሩ። ኣብ ኣርባዓታት ኤርትራ ናይ ምግምማዕ ፈተነታት ንሶም ብዝገበርዎ ኣበርክቶ ፈሺሉ። እቶም ብሱል ፖለቲካኛን ምኩር ናይ ሕጊ ክኢላን ኣቦና ዓብደልቓድር ከቢረ ብቓጻ ናይቶም ናይ ሽዑ ዕሱባት ገበጣ ኣብ ማእከል ከተምኦም ተቐንጸሉ። ቀዳማይ ስዉእ ናጽነት ኮይኖም። እቶም ክልተ ብጾቱ ቃልሶም ቐጸሉ። ኣቦና ወልወልን ሼኽ ኢብራሂም ሱልጣንን ምስ ህ.ግ. ናይ ፖለቲካ ኣረኣእያ ፍልልይ ይንበሮም እምበር፡ ዝኾነ ምትእኽኻብ ሃገራውያን ዘየቕርሮምን ዘየሰክፎምን ብምንባሮም ናብዛ ዝልጥፋ ታሪኻዊት ህሞት ክበጽሑ ክኢሎም። ኣቦይ ወልወል ብኣካል፡ ሼኽ ኢብራሂም ሱልጣን ድማ ብድምጺ ምስ ሓርበኛታት ደቆም ተሳቲፎም። ስዒቦም ኣቦና ወልወል ታሪኻዊ መደረ።
    http://www.tubechop.com/watch/7227527

    ቐጺላ ዘላ ደርፊ ድማ ናይ ተጋዳላይ የማነ ባርያ እያ። ቁምነገራ፡
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2wBxvBWPtyg&index=4&list=PLkV4y7LHACYqEyEwD89_x7Z2LLfLfPXNQ
    ኤርትራዊ መሳርዕካ ኣደልድል፡ ኣይትተሃመል፡ ነዚ ጽንኩር ግዜ መዝሚዞም ነቲ ኣንጻር መላኺ ስርዓት ህግድፍ እተካይዶ ቃልሲ ክጨውዩ ዝደናደኑ ተምሳል ናይቶም ኣብ ኣርበዓታትን ሓምሳታትን ኣንፈት ታሪኽና ጨውዮም ናብ ዘይቅዱስ ኪዳን ከም እንቑረን ዝገበሩና ዕሱባት ሓይልታት ፈለኽ-ፈለኽ ይብሉ ከምዘለዉ ምስትውዓል። ዋና ጉዳይካ ንስኻ ኢኻ። ተጠንቐቕ፡ ዓፍራ ከይትረግጽ መሲሉካ እምኒ።

  • Kokhob Selam

    ዝኸበርክንን ዝኸበርኩምን:-

    ካብ ቶም ቁሩባት ዝመጠቐ ኣእምሮ ዝነበሮም ግዳ ኸኣ ከም ካልኦት ደልብቲ ሃብቲ ውልቃኢ ረብሐኦም ዘየቀደሙ ሰብ ነቅ ዘይብል መርገጽ እዮም ኣቦይ ወልደ :: ልዕሊ ኩሉ ‘ውን ውድባዊ ይኹን ወገናዊ ጽበት ፈንጢዞም ብምውጻእ ንናይ ካልኦት ስምዒታት ኣስተማቂሮም ማዕረ ናይ ምጥማት ዓቅሚ ምምዕባሎም እዩ ክብርት ዘኽደኖም ::

    ወልወል ብተግባር ‘ውን ቆንሲሎምን ተሳሒቶምን እዮም : እዚ እዩ ጀግንነት ዝዓሰሎ ለዋህነትን ሩህርህነትን :: ኣብ ታሪኾም ጸረ ኣንጻሮም ዝነበሩ ሰባት ‘ውን ዝፈጠርዎ ሸርሕታት ዘይምንባሩ እሞ ኸኣ ድማ ምስ ናይ ሎም ፈተውቲ ነብሶም ፖሎቲካኛታትና ኣወዳዲርካ ክትመዝኖ ‘ውን ዝከ ኣልኣይኮነን ::

    ጽሑፋቶም ኣዝዩ መሃርን ኣተሓሳስባ ኣጎልማስን እዩ :- ምናልባት ደጋጊምካ ብምንባብ ክጥረ ዝኽእውል ሰብኣዊ ጉብዝና ካብ ኣብ ዓለምና ዘለው ድንቅ መኽሪ ሓዘል ጽሑፋት ዝተሓተ ኣይኮነን ::

    ናይ ዓበይቲ ፈላስፋታት ጽሑፋት ‘ውን ክምዝመዙን መሳርሒ መንደልሓቅቲ ክኾኑን ተዓዚብና ኢና :: ኣይኮነን ሓደ ካብ ተሞክሮን ምህሮን ዘፍረዮም ጽሑፋትስ ወላ በቲ ዝለዓለ ናይ መጨረሻ መልእኽተኛ ረሱል ኣቢሉ ዝቀረብ ቃል ፈጣሪ ኳ ክምዝመዝ እናተዓዘብና ኢና :: ስለ ‘ዚ እዚ ናይ ዞም ፈላስፋ ጽሑፋት ‘ውን ብተበልጽቲ – ውድባዊ ጸቢብ ስምዒታት ዝተለዋወሱ ደገፍትን ተቀበልትን ኮይኖም ክቀርቡ ክንዕዘብ ኢና ጸኒሕና ::

    ክቡር ወልደ ኣብ ወልደ ማርያም ገና ከይተፈለዩና ኣብ ሞንጎ ቀንጻሊ መሪሕነት ህግሓኤ ኣብ ሞንጎ ጉሩሃት ሳግምን ብ፩፱፰፯ ኣብ ዝተገብረ ኣኼባ ከምዝሳተፉ ንምግባር ኣብ ባይታ ዘየሎ ስምረት ተተስፍዮም እምነት ከምዘሕድሩ ተገይሩ እዩ :: ገበነኛታት ንጽርየት ከም’ዚኦም ዝ ኣመሰሉ ሰብ ሕልና ንጽርየቶምን ግርህነቶምን ሰሪቆም ክጥቀምሉ ዘይገብርዎ ፈተነ የለን :: እቲ ጀግናን ነዊሕን መሪርን ተጋድሎ ዘየድኩሞ ግን ጉዳቶም ቀላሊዑ ካብ መገዲ ባቡር ሰውራ ኣልጊሱ ታሪኽ ክሰርሕን ንኽብርታት እዞም ሊቃውንትና ክስዕብን እኖሆ ይምርሽ :: ስለ ‘ዚ ኢና ገለ ኣደናገርቲ ብግስ ክብሉ ኣብ ቅድሚኦም ተገቲርና ንጸንሖም ዘለናን ::

    ናይ ከምዚኦም ዝኣመሰሉ ሊቃውንቲ ቁም ነገር እናመዝመዝካ ምንባር ኣንቀድዓውነት እዩ :: ገበነኛታት ኣብ ነጻን ፍትሓውን ቤት ፍርዲ ንኸይቀርቡ ዝግበር ኩሉ ሸርሕታት መውጽኦ ስቃይና ኣይኮነን ::

  • Mahmud Saleh

    Dear AT
    Thank you for reposting this important document.
    እቲ ናይ ጽግዕግዕ ስምዒት ዝመጽእ ዓንደ-ማእከል ናይ እተሓሳስባ ካብ ዘይምህላው እዩ። ናይ ኣቦና ወልወልን መሰልቶምን ምህሮታት ንፍልስፍናታትናን ቃልስናን ዓንደማእከል ከምዝህልዎ ይገብሩ። ደልዲልና ኣብ ባይታ ከም ንረግጽን፡ መሳርዕና ገጥ ከም ነብልን ይሕግዙና። ካብ ጽምውምው ምባልን ተስፋ ምቑራጽን የገላግሉና። ሕማምና ንምፍዋስ፡ ንሸመተ-ሓኻይም ማዕጾ እንዳማትና ካብ ምኩሕኳሕ ንድሕን። ሓካይምና ኣብ ውሽጥና ከምዘለዉ ክንርዳእ ንኽእል። ኣጸቢቕና እንተመርመርናዮም’ሞ መፍትሕ ናይቲ ዘሸግረና ዘሎ ኩነተ-ፖለቲካ እውን ክንረኽበሎም ንክእል። ብልህና…ምጽውዋር…ምክእኣል… ምትሕልላይ…ርእሰ-ምትእምማን…ወላ ኣብታ ዝኸፍአት ናይ ህይወት ሓደጋ ኣብ ንበጽሓላ ህሞት እውን ኣብታ ልብና ዝዓለበታ መስመር ቅንዕና ንምውዳቕ ድሉው ምኳን ምረቓ ምረቓ እዩ። እንተወሓደ፡ በቲ መንፈስና ዝረኽቦ ቕሳነት ከም ንድበስ ብሩህ እዩ። ኣብዚ ግዜ እዚ፡ እቶም ዝተፈላለዩ ፖለቲካውያን ሓይልታት ሃገርና ብውሑዱ ከራኸቡሎም ወይ ከሰማምዕዎም ዘለዎም ዝተሓቱ ረቓሒታት እዞም ዝስዕቡ ክኾኑ ይግበኦም፡-ህይወት ሃገርና ናብ ንቡር ምምላስ፡ ርግኣተ-ሕጊ ምንጋስን ህዝብና ፖለቲካዊ ህይወቱ ክውስን ዋና በዓል-ቤት ምዃኑ ምእማንን። ካልኦት ኩሎም ንውልቃዊ ኣጀንዳታት ዝምጠጡን ዝኹምተሩን ጫሌዳታት እዮም።

  • Abraham Hanibal

    Selamat AT,

    Thank you for sharing with us the wise and far-looking words of Abona Weldeab Weldemariam. From the article he wrote on 22 May 1947, point nr.5, I see that our great father was convinced or had accepted the idea that Eritrea would be united with Ethiopia, and that Eritreans would struggle for their internal freedom and rights within the context of the union; am I right?
    Allow me to quote these sentences from WelWel’s article, that AT have re-written here as I found them so relevant and timely now, almost 70 years later:

    “In reality, a traitor and ‘Woyane’ is every sycophant and hypocrite (leQlaQn gbuzn) amongst us who does fail today to react in defense of the rights of the people being trampled in front of his own eyes. But overwhelmed with sorrow, I ask as to when will the right time be for us to speak out openly about our cause and our people. .”

  • Gogo

    Merhaba Awate team,
    Thank you very much for translating the article. I hope this and such other foundational pieces will provide those among us who drift aimlessly signposts to navigate the course of our future. It might also remind those who conveniently forget that once upon a time there used to live intellectual giants, visionaries, progressive liberals and tireless activists.
    GoGo

  • Solomon Haile

    Selamat Awatista,

    Ha! I win again. 1st is always SPECIAL. Time to joint the Sunday picnic. Where in the world is DIA? WANTED: DEAD OR ALIVE.
    TsaTse

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