Tuesday , October 23 2018
Home / Articles / The Captivating, But Dubious Politics of Ethiopia’s Abiy Ahmed

The Captivating, But Dubious Politics of Ethiopia’s Abiy Ahmed

Since Dr. Abiy Ahmed burst onto the Ethiopian political scene as the country’s new prime minister under five months ago, much has been said and written about his background, vision and reformist agenda as well as the support he has been gaining as a leader. The level of public support that met PM Abiy Ahmed’s new leadership has been unquestionably intense and widespread. The decisions he took, reforms he initiated and the ideas he promoted have earned him the support of almost all sectors of the population, domestically and the praise of governments and politicians, internationally.

Much of these changes and developments have, of course, been documented in media accounts and reports. This article utilizes some of this information to try and understand the nature of the observed public reaction, identify some of its underlying motives and analyze the shift it is likely to undergo with time. It also takes a brief look at the new leader’s political philosophy and some of its inherent weaknesses.

Public Reaction: Motives and Potential Shifts

Experts in Social and Behavioral Science, Social Psychology and related disciplines would use concepts and terminologies unique to their professions to expound why and how public sentiment shapes up in support of, or opposition to, major political incidents, events, and processes. But such highly technical analyses of the subject are bound to be too complex for public discourse where lay people, such as this writer, may find it difficult to understand the nuances of profound treatment of the subject. A public discussion that would be simple, but insightful for the “common person” is one which uses plain, everyday language as a medium, general information as input and down-to-earth common sense as an analytical tool.

Taking such a rational but non-technical approach, the reaction that the public displays vis-à-vis social and political events and processes can be classified into distinct types based on the motive that prompts the reaction. For the purpose of this article, the following general categories of public reaction can be identified:

  1. Herd (or mob) mentality/Attitude: a state in which people are influenced by their peers to adopt certain behaviors (or positions) on a largely emotional, rather than rational basis;
  2. Go-with-the-flow attitude: a kind of  “join others in the action” attitude – a conscious decision to go along with what people around you think, feel and do;
  3. Feel-good Attitude: the tendency to want to have happy feelings and to believe that one’s wishes are being fulfilled. This makes people focus selectively on those elements of an event/process that appeal to their emotions while ignoring related unfavorable ones;
  4. Skeptical/Questioning Attitude: Thinking ‘out of the box’ – the tendency to critically examine where things are heading before drawing conclusions and/or committing oneself to a specific outcome.

This writer believes that all these public-reaction categories have contributed – albeit to varying extents – to the support the new Ethiopian leader has been able to garner for his nationalist-reformist themes across sections of his population. The same holds true for the enthusiasm that people in the region have exhibited for the style and substance of his leadership.

1. Initial Public Reaction Public opinion regarding the PM was initially lopsided in its distribution across the public-reaction categories outlined above. The majority of opinions seemed to have motives that fall on the emotional rather than the rational domain of the public-reaction spectrum. At the extreme end of that emotional domain have been views which ascribe divine qualities to the premier’s powers and abilities. Indeed, a few of these fanatical supporters have gone to the extent of variously describing the prime minister as a saint, a prophet and an angel!

Nearly all the reforms the PM has introduced and the decisions he has taken are consistent with the demands and wishes that the public had on issues. As such, his reformist vision and inspiring rhetoric could not, but earn him overwhelming support and immense popularity among his population. In addition, like any other mania, the cult-like admiration of a political leader invariably entails extensive canonization and apologia that stifle legitimate criticism or dissension thereby giving a false impression of universal public support.

2-Shift in Public Opinion – As the initial public euphoria wears off and reality sets in, one would expect to see a change in the distribution of people’s views across the public-reaction categories with popular sentiment shifting towards the rational end of the spectrum. It is inevitable that the governance process will, in due course, transition from rhetoric to decision-making and execution some of which may adversely impact the public. Others may end up ruffling the political feathers of key constituents in the country and/or those of political forces abroad.

Soon, contentious issues and problems will come to the fore which, when tackled, will lead to divergence between government policy-choices on the one hand, and the expectations and preferences of the population on the other. One outcome of these dynamics will likely be a shift in public opinion in which more people abandon the emotion-based views and positions they adopted under the euphoric conditions that prevailed following the PM’s election, and replace them with rational ones that derive from facts and practical considerations.

An Emerging Political Philosophy

Having changed governments last April, Ethiopia is being initiated into a political philosophy that its new leader has been pushing with a moralistic fervor reminiscent of advancing religious agendas than of promoting political thoughts. It is as if the PM’s approach to (and philosophy about) the affairs of his country and the wider Horn of Africa region are inspired more by a spirituality that invokes the ‘basic goodness of man’ than by a worldly outlook that acknowledges the realities of the rough-and-tumble world of national/global politics.

His speeches, town-hall meetings, and parliamentary engagements have expounded a political philosophy that is rooted in the concept of Medemer or “Addition” – a notion of joining hands or ‘coalescence-in-spirit’ of social and political forces. The PM advocates this philosophy as the best hope for Ethiopia and the region arguing that it would lead to peace, democracy, justice and prosperity for all provided its implementation is joined in by political parties, social groups, economic entities (at national level) and populations, governments and countries (at regional level).

This characterization notwithstanding, the philosophy is too simplistic (and its symbolizing “mathematical formulation” of “Addition” too rudimentary!) to have practicality or realism in today’s complex world. The message of love, forgiveness, reconciliation, and unity on which it is based is undoubtedly pleasing to the ear and soothing to the spirit. But it does little to address the tragic and dangerous dichotomies – the mighty vs. the downtrodden, the privileged vs. the depraved, the affluent vs. the destitute, the corrupt vs. the righteous – as well as the deep-seated ethnic animosities that beset African societies today. There can be no denying that resolving these monumental problems is a seemingly unachievable task which requires a great deal more than pacifist calls for Medemer.

At the moment, it remains unclear if this is all there is to PM Abiy’s political philosophy; or whether this is just an enticement meant to win public trust as foundation for a more profound, enlightened political thought which he may unveil at a later date, or simply ease in as an outgrowth of the existing one.

Inconsistencies and Contradictions

Medemer is not only problematic as a concept, but the way it has been practiced thus far also raises serious integrity questions as demonstrated by the following examples.

1-Partnering with a Tyrant – There is no doubt that the Ethiopian leader has long been familiar with President Isaias Afewerki’s unique credentials of despotism. He sure knows that his Eritrean counterpart presides over a one-man system that has subjugated and impoverished his people; that the latter has ruled without a constitution and a legislature, but with a sham judiciary where rule of law and due process have long been forced out by the dictator’s decrees and whimsical decisions. The prime minister is also aware that Isaias’ policies have forced Eritrea to remain mired in stalemated wars with its neighbors for most of its 27-year independent existence – a situation that earned the country nothing but economic ruin and international isolation.

Despite these truths, however, the Ethiopian leader has shown, in words and deeds, his willingness and readiness to do business with Isaias Afewerki. Worse, he has unabashedly idolized the dictator by affectionately addressing him by his nickname, and by engaging in distressingly excessive hugging, hand-holding, back-patting, teasing and laughing with the man at official functions during their visits to each other’s capitals. It is, therefore, puzzling how the ideals and principles that the PM advocates, if indeed genuine, allowed him to accept the tyrant as “partner” in an effort to bring peace, democracy, and progress to the region!

2- Meaningless borders – Since his election to the premiership, the Ethiopian leader has persistently reasoned in his speeches and official pronouncements that national borders in Africa were drawn by colonial powers and are therefore meaningless. Assuming sincerity of this statement, one would expect the prime minister to offer an idea of how Africa could extricate itself from the political quandary of comprising states whose politico-geographic identities are defined by ‘meaningless’ borders. Instead, he appeared to contradict himself by concurrently advocating economic integration of the Horn countries – states that owe their political identities to the very colonial boundaries that he trivializes.

The writer sees this political doublespeak of the prime minister as being part of his grander political gamesmanship in which he has strategized to (i) raise claims of ‘meaningless borders’ in anything related to Eritrea thereby encouraging his people to cling to the pipe dream of eventual “unification” of Eritrea with Ethiopia, and (ii) pledge to respect colonial borders by conducting the rest of his foreign policy within the framework of existing political boundaries in the continent.

Needless to say, the PM is well aware that ‘sanctity of colonial boundaries’ is one of the fundamental tenets of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) – later, the African Union (AU) – without which the continental organization could not have held itself together. So, for an AU’s basic principle to be persistently vilified as meaningless by the leader of the very country which hosts its headquarters would normally be considered an affront to the organization and the ideals it stands for. But the prime minister seems to have smartly figured that his remarks on borders will not evoke any protest from an organization that has neither the grit nor rectitude to stand up to manipulators and exploiters much less to challenge some rhetoric negating one of its organizational principles.

Conclusion

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s inspiring rhetoric and his reformist vision have raised his people’s expectations and hopes for the future. But, the fate of Ethiopia and the region will ultimately be determined by a complex interplay of decisions that will be made, actions taken and conditions created in the political, economic and military spheres by various actors at the national, regional and global levels. Hence, the long-term outcome of ongoing initiatives/reforms is open to conjecture. For now, all that can be stated with certainty is that bringing genuine change to the region would be a long, arduous journey fraught with serious risks that include setbacks, reversals and even failure.

Editor’s note: It’s unfortunate that posting this article was delayed for two weeks due to technical problems that forced us to close our email boxes. We apologize if you feel the timelessness of the article is compromised to a degree in relation to the recent themes of discussion at Awate forum.

About Yohannes Zerai

Check Also

Personal Observation of the Denver and Atlanta Festival 2018

That both festivals – the first of their kind – had taken place in 2018 …

  • Ayneta

    Eritrea and Ethiopia will sign a peace summit under the supervision of Saudi Arabia over the weekend. Finally,it seems we have reached a point of no return. IA has no choice but to keep on reforming. It is yet to be seen how details of the ongoing change will unfold. Of
    course one cant trust the guy. He may cook up another ‘’accomplished fact’’ to sustain his grip on power, though with the current emerging development, that is less likely to happen.

    What is the next step if indeed the wind of change culminates into a favorable condition for the country? I only hope we will learn from our own history and make serious soul-searching. For starters, I hope we will be able to move away from maligned ghedli culture and transition to a more merit based system. We have seen what ghedli mentality and politics can do to the country- a trail of destruction and innumerable suffering. We can’t afford to act as if ghedli–mentality was not the common denominator for all of our problems. Just like what the Ethiopians have done, it is time to respectfully retire our tegadelti. It time to give the young generation a chance to lead the country with a new set of principles and vision. We cant simply expect the old formula based on ‘’dedication’’, ‘’sacrifice’’, ‘’martyrdom’’ to guide us through the envisioned change. The status quo will try to resist given its vested interest, but we should resist back and call for a new set of mind set and culture. Otherwise, we risk of getting back to the same messy situation. This is not to say ex-fighters cant participate in the political life of the country, nor am I suggesting ‘throwing the baby with the bath’’. They need to be respected and celebrated, and the country will be indebted to them forever. They may if they want to organize, will likely be the dominant force for a while, but they should come as a competing party, and not the absolute rulers and guardians of the nation. They were given that opportunity and they squandered it pretty badly. Simply put, their background, past experience and sense of sole ownership they have towards free Eritrea severally compromises their position, rendering them ineffective.

  • haileTG

    Hi @george

    Do you mean the delimitation that was completed will be modified? Because demarcation did not happen (except the virtual), thus can’t be modified. The Algiers peace agreement had three parts: border, claims and start of war investigations. The last part was meant to be done by AU but didn’t happen. The first two were settled (the border demarcation does allow for mutually agreed adjustments). So, which part of the three is to be modified?

  • Acria

    Selam @george,
    What is cemented in history is that without TPLF’s help we will have been still under the subjugation of Ethiopia. People like you actually associated with TPLF to destroy ELF, your fellow citizens. You take sides when it is convenient for you. Now you are in the mantra of Medemer because it hurts your FORMER dear TPLF friends? Only because they beat you in the 1998-2000 war? You started the war, they defended their country. Deal with it. Forget it. Be in the now. Get out of the bubble!

  • Acria

    Selam Alex,
    Let’s assume that Eritrea was falsely accused of supporting Al-Shabab. But, Eritrea did violate Djibouti by taking some lands that we think is ours. Are we out of the Dumeira Mountains and Islands yet? At least this was one of the reasons for the sanctions. Looking at the proxy war with Yemen and the human rights violations in Eritrea, how would you expect a sane person to just lift the sanctions now?.

    PFDJ need to show concrete evidence that they really are changing. When that happens, give it sometime to test the regime before the US votes to lift the sanctions. So, don’t blame Mr. Tibor Nagy for not believing in the PFDJ. One of the goals of the Bureau of African Affairs of the Department of State is to strengthen democratic institutions. Bring democracy in Eritrea, and you will see a flurry of amazing activities.

  • Acria

    Selamat Alex,
    The best way to attract investment is to place rule of law and open your market to investors. As you know, the obstacle to investment was PFDJ’s rule of self-sufficiency, lack of democracy, and human abuses. It is okay to be meager when it comes to the liberation days; nevertheless, that shouldn’t have been extended to the civilian administration. I think the cry to lift the UN sanctions has to do with the travel restrictions and asset freezes of certain PFDJ individuals.

    I personally don’t have evidence for or against that Eritrea was supporting the Al-Shabab movement. What I know personally is that the PFDJ leadership have been horrible with human rights violations in Eritrea. Because I don’t want our meager resources to buy armaments and I don’t want to lift the travel restrictions and asset freezes of PFDJ individuals, I am, therefore, for the sanctions to remain in effect. If the PFDJ somehow establishes rule of law, democracy, release all political and conscientious prisoners, and extends its peace to the Eritrean people, I will be the first one to call for the lifting of the UN sanctions.

  • Berhe Y

    Hi Hope,

    You are entitled to your opinion and your choice. I hope also you believe that I am entitied to my choice and my opinion. Deal?

    I never belittled the PM with anything. I will spare you from going to my post because you will not find any.

    I know what it takes to accomplish and graduate in undergrad, graduate and post graduate. On top of that I know what it takes to setup and run cyber intelligence system and run a ministry.

    As to the Canadian PM, he has a degree in literature and degree in education. He was a teacher before he turned to politics. He was studying engineering and environment before he turned to politics.

    He was born in politics a d grew up in politics where his father was one of the most popular Canadian PM.

    Again I don’t know anything to judge or compare Abraham I. with anybody.

    Now I see that you guys are adding engineering to his name. Weather he has that or not I don’t know. Fist time I heard it from Alex and you are repeating.

    Andargachew in the interview he has with ESAT said in 2011, he didn’t get the marks needed to go to higher education (all three IA children) and they are serving in Sawa like anyone else being paid 10 dollars a month.

    Berhe

  • Paulos

    ሰላም ሓፍተይ,

    Isn’t it the same as ነጢርካ ኦክያለ? As in when one wishes something not practical. I know it is kinda demeaning and put-down talk.

    • Abrehet Yosief

      Selam Paulos,
      I think NeTirka Okyale is to state someone who goes for the superficial thing than the substantive need. In this case, imagine someone who doesn’t have shoes but would buy sunglasses to look “modern” or “fashionable”. The “c” is when one makes an embarrassing mistake before even starting to say something important or do something serious. The other choices “a” and “b” are the result of fuzzy recollection of “sayings”.

      • Paulos

        ሰላም ሓፍተይ,

        Aha! That makes perfect sense. Someone must have said it to someone who wanted to sport ኦክያለ before having a pair of ኮዮ and became a meme. Thank you!

  • FishMilk

    Hi All. A number of ER plated cars moving around Mekele today. Great stuff!

    • Paulos

      FishMilk,

      Didn’t know Mekele has that many Emergency Room cars. Impressive!

    • Abraham H.

      Hi FishMilk, voa tigrinya is also reporting of movement of people and goods across the border. Ethiopian trucks with cement and teff have already reached Asmara, and there is no doubt the price of consumer goods and building materials is soon going to go down. Both peoples have rejected the lose-lose policy of their orgs and there is no way back from now on. It is like inertia, and no one is going to stop this spontaneous people-to-people relationship. The game is not only over for the tplf elite leaders, but also for the DIA controlled pfdj. The pfdj has no option other than to endorse the fast paced normalization of relation between the peoples. Failure to adjust to the new reality will only hasten the downfall of the DIA controlled pfdj regime. Bye bye hgdef mendef.

      • FishMilk

        Hi Abraham H./David S. …You are indeed correct. Like I said, great stuff!

      • Abi

        Hi Abraham
        You turned 180 degrees in less than 180 days.

        • Abraham H.

          Selam Abi, please tell me what new have I said that I didn’t say before? Remember I’m stressing on the most important people-to-people ties, esp.ties between those peoples on both sides of the border who have been paying the brunt of the sick relationship between the two orgs. I’m also pointing to the fact that this kind of open relationship between the two sides would eventually force the outlaw regime of DIA to behave, and rule of law, freedom of expression, democracy, etc would eventually infect accross the border to Eritrea.

        • Abi EndiEilka,

          Correction: It takes 72 years for any man to turn one degree, 30 degrees in 2,160 years… 180 degrees turn is neally half of the entire procesion of 8,640 years. Abraham may be the patriarch and first born but I doubt AH has turned two thirds of a degree his entire life let alone four month,,,, strictly degrees as in radians speaking,

          Hade neTbi Shudushte Hade shomonte bado seleste…
          MeTTen or Mtain in arabic language = when
          Mtain mttttaaainnn ya Akhe Mtttaaiinnnnn?

          tSAtSE

          • Abi

            Hello tSAtSE
            When you are a chosen race by the Almighty, it is possible to turn 180 degrees in 180 days or 18 hours.
            And if your name is Abraham, the ” friend of God “, you can turn 360 in seconds. Now that is what I call spinning!

  • FishMilk

    Hi All. The actions of General Seare Mekonnen over the past 48 hours is incredible. A lot of high ranking TPLF officers will soon be chewing khat at home. Weakening of the TPLF control of the Northern Military command continues in preparation of…..

  • FishMilk

    Hi All. Operating from outside Eritrea and under the shelter of sympathetic and benefactor Governments (i.e. USA and during TPLF led Ethiopia), exiled Eritrean opposition groups have clearly had a far better opportunity than any Eritrean internal based opposition group, which have been under total repression, to carry out a forceful campaign against PIA/PFDJ. Eritrean exiled opposition groups, should have in fact, served as the only real indication of active opposition to PIA/PFDJ regime. However, as we know, all have pathetically failed and continue to do so. Why? Quite simply because they have no clear and transparent strategy other than to ‘at all costs’ overthrow the PIA/PFDJ regime, with no afterthought of who then takes over or what happens next.

  • MS

    Hello Awatistas
    I was very pleased to see the borders of Eritrea and Ethiopia opening at two places, Bure and Zalambasa. I was overwhelmed with joy to see peoples of both countries embracing each other and sobbing on each other’s shoulders. What a sight to see two armies that have been on high alert and poised to kill each other for the last twenty years saluting each other and chitchatting, taking selfies…Here is a question for you. What is the probability that we may see another round of a devastating war in our life?

    • Nitricc

      Your Majesty, long time. to answer your question, you ask ” What is the probability that we may see another round of a devastating war in our life?” If Eritrea failed to demarcate the border according to the Algiers agreement and the border ruling, the probability of another war is very HIGH.

      • MS

        Ahlan Gen. Nit
        Not only the border, but even the way the other agreements, such as ports, are arranged will bear some risk components if not crafted in a strategic way, they should endure hiccups that may come in the future. In most cases, countries go to war because of economic reasons.

        • Nitricc

          Hey Mahmuday: Economical reasons? They been their and the have done that and they each know the cost of it. They will learn from the past. if anything the last 20 is an evidence that Ethiopia can survive with out Eritrean port and Eritrea can survive with out Ethiopia using it. They should use dollar for finical transactions. But they could do much better if Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia and Djibouti could create common currency. I know I am dreaming lol But they will benefit enormously. don’t you think?

          • MS

            MarHaba Nitrickay
            You know we have been debating for a mutually benefiting regional integration. We also were asserting that the first step t regional integration was respecting the sovereignty of each other and that would start with finalizing the border. The hurdle to that dream has been removed, and there is a chance of achieving it. The bottom line should be improving the lives of the people of the region, one of them is creating a common market which could develop to using a common currency.

          • FishMilk

            LHi MS. Again, you are becoming a lost sole when you take liberty to indirectly criticize brother Nitricc before Ethiopia/TPLF has withdrawn from Badme 180. Simply do not understand you of late.

      • Nitricay,

        Very well articulated position of the Eritrean Opposition. Hello new former ypfdj Eritrean Opposition.

        I suspect it is favorable to Horizon but stating the final agreement will be signed in Riyadh is welcoming the arrival at Bahr-AlAHmer of a significant regional player and reveal the details of the rules of engagement on these new and not so new fronts. Have the Ethiopians ever gotten back their navy from Yemen since 1989-90 operation fenkel? One wonders such things at times.

        tSAtSE

    • David Samson

      Selam MS,

      If we take Eritrea, it has 3 neighbours. It depends on the number psychopaths:

      One psychopath, the probability is 25%
      Two psychopaths, the probability is 50%
      Three psychopaths, the probability is 75%
      Four psychopaths, the probability is 100%.
      I will add another question: which country is likely to produce a psychopath?

    • saay7

      Morning MS:

      What’s SAAYs answer? Are you guys still pretending that Abiy does not control all of Ethiopia’s armed forces because something something GameOver ?😂

      You are talking about Eritrea’s border with Sudan?

      saay

      • MS

        Ahlan SAAY
        You know Albasheer is going to hug IA in Addis dur9ing the IGAD summit. So, with the game really over, all the siege and encirclement of Eritrea is over. We just don’t know for how long. And that’s where the statisticians are called to action.

        • saay7

          Haha MS:

          What IGAD? Isaias was a no show. And today he is accepting crappy presents from Amhara kilil in his crappy Adi Halo office. He will join IGAD after it reforms itself said the man with a country that has no constitution and is the only IGAD member head of state who hasn’t been elected.

          Speaking of Al Bashir, at IGAD Abiy poured on the syrup on the wisdom of the Sudanese dictator and his role in reconciling two war lords accused of committing crimes against humanity: Machar and Salva Kiir. They were all smiles because it’s the Season of Impunity: criminals who exiled their people by the hundreds of thousands (Isaias) or millions (the two war lords) were being appreciated.

          Saay

          • MS

            MarHaba SAAY
            I predict Sudan and Eritrea will normalize relations, and that’s good for the people of both countries. The problem is we just can’t predict for how long they could sustain it. That’s why I’m calling Xaxe the mathematician. We have patterns of the past from which we could begin working our guess work.

          • Paulos

            Muhamuday,

            ክሳዕ ጻጸ ዓርከይ ዝመጽእ…..As you know weather forecasting is based on a collection of data that goes back as far as one hundred years where they see if more or less the same weather pattern happened say, like today with in the last hundred years. And the next question is, how many times did it happen? Then they convert the numbers into percentages for the data is with in 100 years. If it happened 60 times with in the last hundred years, then they predict today’s weather pattern has 60% chances to happen–cloudy or rain.

            Of course, ተዛሪብካ እንታይ ኣምጺኻ? you may ask. Well, we just have to see the past or the number of up and down relationships between ክቡር መራሒናን ኣል-በሽርን and we can predict on how long it is going to last this time around as well.

          • saay7

            MaHmuday:

            Is this while Isaias and Omer Albeshir are in power or after?

            While they are in power:

            I predict that the Ethiopian armed forces will be in charge of guarding both sides of the Eritrea Tigray border

            This will free up more of the 13-year old looking malnourished Eritrean National Service to be dispatched to Yemen.

            But this will follow formality and protocol…

            So first, the Tripatriate Eritrea-Ethiopia-Saudi Arabia treaty will be signed in Jeddah this Sunday.

            You are one optimistic man, god bless, when you expect anything but war and destruction from Isaias, Omar Albeshir etc.

            saay

          • MS

            Ahlan Abu SalaH
            So far the prediction from the (I will skip naming it) has been really bad except something that does not need prediction and that’s defining IA. So, I will wait for the less (again, I will skip it) persons to do the computations. I am one of them and I will predict:
            a/ Sudan and Eritrea will normalize, there is no need for IA to wait for reformed IGAD because practically, IGAD has been reduced to Ethiopia and Ethiopia has been reformed.
            b/ no Eritrean soldier will fight in Yemen. If it were according to the xxxx prediction, we would be seeing Eritrean soldiers fighting in Yemen for the last two years.
            c/ TPLF and PFDJ will normalize relations
            d/ to the disappoint of my dear Nitrickay, EEBC ruling will be implemented CREATIVELY, and you know what that means.
            e/ We will see major signs within these six months that things will indeed move in the right direction in Eritrean politics
            f/ I will visit Eritrea within two years
            g/ We will know who Hayat Adem is
            h/ Paulosay will finalize his major study in tropical diseases with a focus on Eritrea and he will receive the award from IA in Adi-Qunxi, not Adi-Halo.
            i/ let’s see some of the above proven either way (this is not a prediction).
            SAAY the great, today is a “TeKek kebleka’ye” day.

          • Paulos

            Muhamuday,

            ኣበይ’ሞ! ካብኡ ዝዓቢ ነገር እንታይ’ኣሎ!

            ንቖልዑ ካብ ትራኮማ፣ ፖልዮ፣ ንፍዮ፣ ንኣዛውንቲ ካብ ዑረት፣ መንሽሮ፣ ሕማም መረስዕ ከድሕኖም ተኺኢለ ካብኡ ዝዓቢ ጸጋ እንታይ’ኣሎ!

            መሊሰ’ኻኣ ንመናእሰያት መሰረታዊ ፍልስፍና ናይ ሳይንስ ክምህሮም እሞ ኣብኡ ተሞርኪሶም ኣብ ሳይንስ ዓቢ ኣስተዋጽኦ ክገብሩ ሓደ ካብኣቶም ካኣ መጀመርያ ኣፍሪቃዊ ብሳይንስ ናይ ኖበል ፕራይዝ ተሸላሚ ክኸውን ከብቅዕ! ድሕሪኡ ሞት ከምሃገረይ!

          • MS

            መርሓባ ጳውሎሳይ
            ኣብሽር—ተዳሎ ጥራይ። ኣብ ኣስመራ ዩኒቨርሲቲ ክበጽሓካ እየ። Make sure you tell the security guy to let me in. I know a couple of Awatista whom I would love to see instructing in Eritrea, and you are one of them.

          • Paulos

            Thank you Muhamuday. Really, I mean it!

          • FishMilk

            Hi MS. You are loosing credibility when you pay attribute to Paulos who has slept with the TPLF, pledged his love to Meles, and tried to humiliate our brave Eritrean soldiers. I simply do not understand you of late.

          • Paulos

            FishMilk,

            I am standing trial in a People’s Tribunal. I am accused of as you said, pledging love for Meles [A deceased person] and trying to humiliate Eritrean soldiers. And Muhamuday comes along, says, this guy has something to offer and contribute to the country, it would be a waste if we put him away.

            That is a rigid dogmatic ideology colluding with a practical reasoning.

            You see FishMilk, you belong to the 15th Century era of Inquisition and that is precisely the reason you’re stuck where you are.

          • FishMilk

            Hi Paulos. You have since day-1 been the male equivalent to Hayat Adem for whom you never-ever criticise. You have forever professed your love for anything associated with MZ and the TPLF. You have been writing favorable travel reviews on Tigray, commending the TPLF in the process. You never loose chance to criticize anything connected to Eritrea. You have tried to humiliate the Eritrean Army. You have been critical of PM Abiy and his actions. You engage in anti-Eritrea rumormongering til no end. If there was ever a TPLFite it is you! I might belong in the 15th century but you definitely belong outside of Eritrea.

          • Aligaz G

            fish,

            It’s the weekend leave Paulos alone. There will always be Man United supporters. If Issu can be rehabilitated anything is possible. I say let him who is without sin, cast the first Peroni (in a free Asmara)

            cheers

          • FishMilk

            Hi Aligaz G. Will do. Peroni (in a free Asmara)? Makes me think of days of old when they would use the same Melotti bottles for hair oil, acceto and DDT. Always while taking my first sip from a cold Melotti, i would pay attention for any strange flavors.

          • Aligaz G

            fish,

            A little “acceto” may actually be good for health. But DDT that’s not so good. Most establishments in Addis insist on opening bottled drinks at the table I think because of this kind of reasoning. But nobody worries about plastic water bottles which are very easy to adulterate.

          • FishMilk

            Hi Aligaz G. I will be in Addis early October and will be sure to watch many bottles opened.

          • Aligaz G

            fish,

            Do you need VIP reception? Things can be arranged if needed. Do you have any hardcore followers with flags?

          • David Samson
          • Aligaz G

            David,

            ha ha. Funny

          • FishMilk

            Hi David Samson. Nice! I like that. But I never said that I am coming through the airport. Hope that you are enjoying a cold bottle of Old Speckled Hen today.

          • Aligaz G

            fish,

            I am still worried about finding you a bunch of guys with flags. No guys with flags hard to receive you in style. Maybe you have attached yourself with the OLF flying column as an auxiliary beer taster? Those guys have a bunch of flags

          • David Samson

            Hi FM,
            My guess is, you are driving through Mekele–TPLF’s heart-land

          • Paulos

            FishMilk,

            So you send me to the firing squad for that?

          • MS

            Selam FishMilk
            He is an Eritrean, and has the right to shape his opinion in anyway he chooses. As long as someone does not impose his will by force, it is fine with me, my friend. And you are entitled to trash my comment. Pledging a love to Meles may be tasteless to me, but it is not a crime. With regard to my answer to Nitrickay, he understands it, he does not need an interpreter. I have something that might be interesting to you. I posted it yesterday on my FB page, and it goes:
            ————————————————–
            ቅጭ ዘምጽኡለይ ነገራት/Things that annoy me
            [Don’t miss Eglish version of this post, below)
            ክሉ ግዘ ዝገርመኒ ነገር እዩ። ገለ ሰባት “ኣብ ልበይ ዘላ ዘይበልካለይ” ይብሉኒ። ይርደእኒ እዩ። ኣዕሩኽ ይኹን ነበብቲ፡ ብዛዕባ ነብሰወከፍና ዘቐምጥዎ ትጽቢትን መለክዒታትን ኣሎ። በቲ ኣቀዲሞም ዘቐመጥዎ መለክዒ ድማ ክፈርዱና ይደልዩ። “እዋእ፡ ብቀዳምነት፡ ኣብ ልብኻ ዘላ ንስኻ ጥራይ ትፈልጣ፣ ብኻልኣይ ደረጃ ድማ ኣብ ልብኻ ዘላ ጥራይ ክብል እንተፈቲነ ኣብ ልብታት ካልኦት ዘሎ ሓሳብ ክጎሲ ኣይኽእልን’ዶ?” ኢለ እሓትት። ኣብ ልቦም ዘላ ሓሳብ ንኽሉ ከምትውክል 100% ርግጸኛታት ኮይኖም ይነግሩኒ። 0.01% እኳ ከይገድፉ!! ንዓይ፥ እቲ ሓሳቦም ዘይበልኩሎም ሰብ እውን ኣብ ቅድመኦም እንከለኹ ከም ዘየለኹ እየ። ምናልባት ገምጋመይ ገጋ ክኸውን ይኽእል። እቲ ቀጨውጨው ምባል እውን ካብ ናተይ “ካማይ ዘይሓስቡ” ዝብገስ ክከውን ይኽእል። ፈውሲ ቀጨውጨው ዘለዎ ሰብ እንተሎ ሃየ ተፈደሉ።
            It is something that baffles me. Some readers get unhappy because I fail to say what THEY THINK. Now, it is understandable that people have their own expectations and try to measure you up to that preestablished “standard” about you.
            So, I wonder, and explain, ” Firstly, what you think you only know; secondly, if I tried to tell what is in your heart/mind, then probably, I will ignore what others would want me to say.” A problematic situation. Isn’t it? That’s why I choose to say what I THINK, not what I think others might think.
            However, they get ahead of me and tell me with a 100% certainty that their thoughts and beliefs represent all of us.
            Ah, another steep heel to climb, another tough argument to win… They don’t even bother to leave a wiggling room of maybe 0.01% for people who may differ from their worldview. Perhaps, I, the one whom they are quarreling with, does not exist as a separate individual who is endowed with his unique qualities. Or, maybe, I am wrong. but it annoys me, anyway. Could it be that I’m too inflicted with the same malady? Maybe, I’m thinking, “Why don’t others reason out the way I reason?” Well, for anyone with a ready-made remedy, please step forward.
            With great appreciation to those who give critical feedback.
            Yours truly.
            —————————————–
            PS: I really get annoyed by people who want me to be THEM.

          • Nowinc

            Mahmuday,
            With that being said, I am angry of our crazy leader who is doing all kinds of diplomatic/undeplomatic stuff in the dark and with out the proper channel. He doesn’t say a damn thing about his weekly get together with Dr Abiy, while Dr Abiy shares his side of the story with his people thru the Ethio media. I am very angry but poor at expressing myself. Could you please lend your talent and write something regarding this? And please do it in a strongly worded fashion and in exactly they way I feel it. Thanks!

          • MS

            Ahlan Nowinc
            That’s one of the points that have really bothered me since the start of this peace process. I still support the peace process but I’m demanding openness from our government. In this regard, I wrote some four complaints, two incorporated with a broader theme, and two specifically raising this question. They are on my FB, time permitted and if I’m in a good mood (haha…), I may place here a summary. But don’t expect me to say (hager tesheTa…or badmouth, that’s not my style.
            Regards.

          • Selam MS,

            Don’t you think that it is too little too late to do anything about the whole issue, because for good or bad, the final peace agreement is to be signed on sunday in saudi arabia in the presence of king Salman, the secretary general of the UN and the chairman of the african union.

          • haileTG

            Merhaba Mahmuday

            I think you are one of a cool ex-tegadalay who takes things on strides. You see, most of the hard time you get isn’t to do with the position you take as much as to do with your tegadalay background. You are of course as entitled as anybody to hold and pursue any idea you feel works best. But ordinary people then have trouble focusing on your ideas,i.e. with total exclusion of your background. This is a problem and big dilemma for most tegadelti, as they are as much likely to feel the hurt from the unwarranted blow back and hence withdraw from public discourse altogether. It is to be admired that you keep at it and give back as good as you get. I say that is a healthy way to be…keep the fight mahmuday:-)

          • MS

            Selam HaileTG
            You are one of the few who tend to focus on my message rather than on my background. And I blame the government for putting the poor tegadalay in this predicament. There were a lot of creative ways of improving Eritrea’s political path, including issues pertaining to the rule of law, participatory governance, etc. Anyway, one of the divide that existed between Eritreans was the issue of Eritrea’s safety. Some gave primacy to the security of the nation, others focused on human rights and governance. Many obvious mistakes have been committed by the opposition that turned off Eritreans. My hope is that there will be a reformed and readjusted position statements and practical steps from the opposition to make it self relevant to the current changes in the region and what it might entails of its effects in Eritrean proper. I think things are getting clearer now with the end of the state of war and the normalization of relations between the countries in the region. What is needed is:
            a/ The intelligentsia should wake up and lead, may be prepare another G13 type of initiative with relevant document to the current changes
            b/ patriot elements in the opposition should come together and produce an alternative vision, and a challenging transitional proposal; their audience should be the majority of Eritrean people
            c/ The whole project should be anchored around “Eritrean Medemer”, including PFDJ, something I am contemplating of writing an article about.
            And more could be said. In a nutshell, the next phase is more about Eritrean domestic issues and less about Wayane…haha…

          • Ismail AA

            Hayak Allah MS,

            I like your stay engaging. I have been studious reader of your comments in the past couple days for a reason that might not escape your attention.

            Two points caught my attention: One was that you became convinced that the divide that determined priorities on the Eritrean scene have now been eliminated that – change first vs security first. The second point that should fall in sequence is the suggestion that time has come to start an “Eritrean Medemer”.

            Now, my question to you is: where would you like to add yourself on the “medemer” scale or balance? Put in direct way: should I anticipate seeing on the opposition or regime side? Wrong or right, I do not know, but hunch tends to tell me that since you are for rule of law and citizen’s rights which are the most pressing things change should provide; and since, moreover, you know the despot and his party (PFDJ) will not give in so easily, your bet should tilt you to be on the opposition side of the scale, or am I idly hallucinating?

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Hayak Allah Al-Ustaz Ismael AA,

            You are asking political questions that springs from facts on ground. I am afraid your facts will collide with politics of hallucination and illusion. MS is passing through a case that many like him experienced and now are rotting in the prisons of Isaias. If you can try to persuade him that Isaias likes a true worshiper not a guy who hallucinates.

          • Selamat Hamid Al-Arabi.

            Please translate for the Admiral Saay7 and yours trully:
            ሽንጉል ይልትገለል ምንካ፤፤ በለው ኣበችና
            in both english and tigrigna.
            consider the check signers Eritrean people as audience to the questions brewing.

            tSAtSE

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Salam tSAtSe,

            Now, I will behave like the phonies. Did you know Tigrinia? No. Aren’t you an Eritrean? When a grown up goes fool asks such questions. It is very difficult to deal with grown up fools, they say our fathers.

          • Hameed,

            If the interview is not going well just say so. Otherwise honor the request. I do not know the meaning of the phrase… perhaps I will plead to Ayya Ismail AA.

            tSAtSE

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Salam tSAtSE,

            Your question is answered.

          • MS

            MarHaba Ustaz IsmailAA
            The concept of “Eritrean Medemer” is about inclusiveness. It assumes each of us has a view that we hold to be true, therefore, it is only through the concept of inclusive dialogue that we can really test each other’s view and let its viability be sorted out in relation to the new era. If we frame it in an opposition/government fashion, that means we have not learned the lesson, and we are not really thinking in terms of medemer or inclusiveness. We are talking in terms of we versus them.
            If you want me to blunt, neither the current opposition nor the government attract me. I have criticized both sides and I stand by that.
            We need to push for a national dialogue, we need to come to coalesce in the middle. I know this view looks naïve and cynical, but that is the only option I see moving us forward. We have spent 5 decades working to liquidate each other, and it would be a tragedy if we inherited this culture to the our future leaders.
            Some try to convince me that IA will never respond. It may well be true, but I am of the opinion that governments will respond only when they have to, and that is when their staying in power is threatened.
            I think IA knows Eritrean have been putting up with the tough situation because of their concern for the nation, and demographically the majority of the population is young. You need no census for this, you could correlate it with countries in the neighborhood. Add to that the pressure that Ethiopian political changes will bear on Eritrean thinking, etc. The question is: are we ready for adjusting to the new realities?
            Finally, I hate to tell you that I never care about my place. All that I know is that I try to do what I think is right. I don’t need to box my self in an “either/or” political templates. I really don’t think about it. People can make their own conclusion as where I fit. But I’m against the states quo.

          • Ismail AA

            Ahlen MS,

            It is noteworthy on my part that you have suggested a new dimension to Dr. Abij’s rather still embryonic public relations-cum-mobilizational call. I mean to say that there has not been yet visible conceptual contours to it. In your case you have added interpretive concept which connotes inclusiveness. I think our Ethiopian friends should take note that we Eritreans have gone a step ahead.

            Having said that much, however, the “medemer” campaign up to now at least does not provide a framework in lieu of political and ideological formations that should present themselves in rulig versus opposing parties in countries such ours and that of our neighbours and elsewhere. This relates in a nutshell to broader picture.

            And, to revisit my comments earlier, my attempt was to get an idea of how the brothers and sisters, who have remained loyal or supportive to the regime for concerns about the security of the nation behind which the regime has been hidding to continue suffocating the nation, would re-position themselves after the despot has relieved them from the burden ungratefully. Now, if I have understood you properly, you are saying that you are going to stay neutral unless some median political framework crops up.

            But this would mean the struggle will remain to pit the regime against the opposition forces already in business. And, all considered the advantage would tilt in favor of the dictatorship. Thus, under the circumstances do you think positioning yourself and masses of Eritreans in neutral terrain or joining the so called silent majority would be justifiable? Put bluntly, don’t you think this would mean pursuing the former role in another way and continue supporting the regime to manage the post border war situation on its own terms without conceding anything to the pressing demands of the people? Actually, the people would expect you and those who may take neutral position to join hands with the opposition and shift the balance in favor of change now camp. To be candid, talking about things such as us vs them notions in the current conditions of our country and nation has more of pretext seeking value than other justifiable concerns.

          • MS

            Selam Ustaz IsmailAA
            Let me decode it:
            1. If you are called for a national dialogue, are you ready to join in or you are sticking on your dismantling objective?
            2. define the opposition its political end-goals, and its organizational structure. For instance, I could never trust your organization, it had allied itself with TPLF-controlled Ethiopia when our nation was at war with Ethiopia. The war between Eritrea and Ethiopia ended on July 9, 2018. I don’t believe that it has the support that it boasts it commands; it can’t singularly speak for the Eritrean people…and so on. I don’t have a problem with individuals like you.
            3. I can’t put myself in the PFDJ basket; if I wanted that I would be its active member since the beginning…
            4. Things such as change; democracy; the rule of law should unite us. No one could claim to own them. There are many in PFDJ who have the same ideals and now are positioning themselves to give them the priority.
            5. So, it is good to think you are a part of many.
            6. I would challenge you to show me where do you, or your organization, exceed me in amplifying the need for change, democracy, and the rule of law. The difference is that you tend to give your party line a priority, while I tend to see things in their comprehensive scheme. Simply put, if the reason why the opposition could not come up with a unified position is that there have been intractable differences between the organizations that make it up. Therefore, there are differences:
            a/ between PFDJ and whoever opposes it for whatever reason
            b/ within the opposition
            So, in my small world, I’m thinking that:
            a/ there should start contacts that break barriers between the opposition and PFDJ and within the opposition. We need to get away with the orthodoxy that has crippled Eritrean political thinking for the past 50 years. The aspiration is that Eritrea will have a better start this time than the one it had in 1991. I’m pressed with some family matters at the time but hope to flash it out in the future.
            The point is: why would one be more interested in my physical location (where do I stand) rather than focusing on my message. It’s becoming tasking for me, honestly. The era of partisan bickering should end, we should demand for political formations and experiences better than the ones we have been having so far. Eritreans could produce better ideas than the ones that have dominated our political landscape. I’m thinking about a possibility where all political stakeholders would come together and hash out a new beginning. We can never improve by replacing and displacing each other.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Salam MS,

            The call should be to all Eritreans not individuals. We have to know by now any excluding calls are a big failure from the beginning. Anyone who participates in individual calls should know he is hindering the advancement of Eritrea and her people. Calls should be genuine not fake ones. A genuine call will be rewarding to all whether supporters or entire opposition.

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Ustaz MS,

            To begin with, I should thank you for your time. I appreciate the form and substance of your response. Though I might not match your erudition and organization of thought, I will proceed tackling your points as they came under the de-coding rubric.

            1. I agree that call for dialogue on national level presupposes inclusion as opposed to alienation for domination by elimination which you had termed as “dismantling objective”. In my case, I belong to an organization that has been calling for inclusive dialogue since to which the leader of the organization you belonged to then ignored with threat from the football stadium on 20 June.

            2. The organizations that have been operating in the Eritrean political landscape (mine included) have defined and declared programs for those who wish to read them without asking anyone to be become a member; neither do my colleagues or I have problems with anyone. In fact we have broad heart and open mind to engage with anybody. The sane way of dealing with differences or contradictions is settling for inclusive platforms that leave no one out by providing fair and level ground for meaningful dialogue as you have rightly written under point # 5.

            3. Shunning being part or member of PFDJ or any other opposition formation should be honored because it fits in personal choice and free will. I understand your option of neutrality. Keeping aloof from the PFDJ in favor of people seeking justice is actually an advantage rather than liability.

            4. I absolutely and unequivocally agree that change and democracy and concomitant freedoms and rule of law are universal to specific as well as general target groups in nations and beyond them. Sharing the fact that many PFDJ supporters considering prioritizing their options is good news to me and like me. In fact, that was the point I tried to raise by way of question yesterday. My attempt was to see you views because I thought I could be able to gauge the possible way or direction the wind would be blowing. My hope and that of many is that those compatriots play role in reinforcing the justice and freedom seeking camp in one form or the other.

            5. I respect and appreciate your role of articulating change, democracy and rule of law. I understand, moreover, there is difference between private and personal advocacy and organized and programmatic campaign. While the former becomes limited to conscientious value unless galvanized to morph to collective mass trend that can support the latter, which translate to shaking up the so called silent majority. Speaking within this same context, you’re correct in stating that the working Eritrean organized political formations have not been able to manage their differences. No one can deny this fact though it has to be elaborated with objective conditions that may have played role negatively or positively.

            6. Attitudinal and political change you have raised is good. I agree we cannot contemplate nation building and national state formation in the backdrop of differences and interests of preceding eras. The way of thinking of the pre-liberation era should be streamlined to become compatible with current developments. But the billion dollar question is how would you and I at least estimate or imagine “break barriers” for example between the opposition and the PFDJ? If this would precede the operation you might have in mind, the opposition side of the equation would not be an impossible venture. Thus, my sincere question to is whether you believe the despot and his circle would contemplate change of attitude without credible pressure, which could ebb if people like you totally break away and join hands with any formation, even creating your own, in the justice seeking camp? If this would happen, then Eritrea having a better departure point than the disastrous 1991 start would become viable.

            7. As far as I am concerned the issue about replacing groups or formations. The issue is about replacing harmful and monopolistic ideas like those the regime from inception has been upholding and sustaining through self-enhancing political and mobilization tactics and strategies, armed and security violence included. Advocating establishment of broader national framework has been standing demand for many decades. And its relevance has not diminished but in fact has become urgent and pressing. Now, the ball is on the court of the regime and people whose time has arrived to say their word since what they said has been curtailing their options for justice and freedom, namely threat to security of the nation from outside, has been eliminated by the whimsical choice of the despot or perhaps needs his limitless ambition to be more than what he is at the present had imposed on him.

            8. Your suggestion to talk with me in private is an honor and I thank you for that. Head-to-head talking is valuable though in my judgement sharing ideas in public like in this forum has more benefit because it involve a process of giving and taking. Again, you suggestion is very much appreciated and I would look for your address.

          • MS

            Hayak Allah Ustazna AlmuHtaram

            Your magnanimity is unparalleled, Hafazek Allah. I dare to say that your prose would make IA give us double “I love you” with his signature gesture, putting his hands on his heart. He gave that to Addis youth to send them wild, deqi Asmara would want to see a percentage of that…I guess SAAY is pulling me towards his territory. Let me stop there talking about IA. The point, however, is that you are so gentle that you remind me of your collegemate, our foreign minister, the honorable Osman Saleh. You said that he was one of your grad batch.

            Anyway, when I speak about PFDJ, I see the organization full of people like him, people who have no personal interest but to do whatever they could to have their nation survive and then thrive. He used to be one of the people who helped me be who I’m today. I mention him here because I see him in your humility.

            Finally, we are narrowing the dividing fault and that is good. Here, I will comment only on one important point you raised which goes, “But the billion dollar question is how would you and I at least estimate or imagine “break barriers” for example between the opposition and the PFDJ?”
            I think we can liken governments to organic matter. As you know, living organisms do respond to stimuli, and generally, the response is proportional to the strength of the stimuli. The rest, I leave it to Paulosay.
            Governments also respond to stimuli proportionally. Each system has a threshold that it could absorb, beyond that the pressure (stimulus) threatens it existence and it has to respond adequately. As you know it will start with cracking down but at some point, it will have to yield.
            I hope IA/PFDJ rises to the occasion and RESPOND to Eritreans’ expectations. If not, I have no doubt people will dump it.
            Personally, I invested heavily on the peace process between the two countries; I will continue commenting on it and staying positive. I do believe that it will have dividends in terms of changing the thinking of Eritrean leaders, government and the opposition alike.
            Thanks, and the honor is mine to be able to have a chat with you.
            Please consider that I’m jotting this entry while on the go, I hope to have frequent talks with you.
            I’m convinced that we have to do everything possible to teach the young generation that their fathers and mothers have finally solved decades old divisions and processes of self-mutilations. For our generation, time is not on our side. We must leave a generation of leaders who could work their way up from a healthy beginning.
            Regards.

          • Blink

            Dear MS
            Stay strong in the way you have been , I can guess it may be hard for some to see you on such things because of their own failures couldn’t keep on your resolve and that is their problem not really a general understanding of Eritreans . You are needed again to below the wind of hope for every second that goes to Eritreans mind . I know some people will say I am blabbering but I am not . It has been a great time spent reading you MS. What can I say MS , keep giving because that’s what you are .

          • haileTG

            Merhaba Mahmuday,

            I think we need to always be conscious of our judgement and bias, even if unintended, when ex-tegadelti happen to participate in politics. Some do it out of ignorance and not knowing better and to others it makes them artificially bigger when attacking some one with big background. I hope everyone will understand that bullying will have no place in future in free and democratic system.

            Now a question, PFDJ is a broad governing org and supposedly an umbrella of all nationalists, and not a political party per se. Hence, how can such non-party movement be part of a state multi-party democracy? I mean it is not a party but supposed to have parties under its big tent. So can it survive past the regime? Because PFDJ is the regime and a brand of complete system of bare foot democracy. What do you think?

          • MS

            Ahlan HaileTG
            I agree with the first paragraph. I think we get extremely passionate about the positions we take and the views we want to advance. Something is missing, a healthy political medium where we could connect/interact with each other.
            On the second point: It is a huge question HaileTG. When I mentioned the role of the intelligentsia in my previous reply t you, I was thinking about this issue: how do countries in a similar situation transition into democracy? Our intellectuals can provide us with some references.
            I don’t know what the chairman of PFDJ plans to do, but if that person were me, I would launch three-tier processes simultaneously.
            a/ PFDJ will have to redefine its role; it has to conduct its convention, reconstitute, and reposition itself to standing as a political party, and wait until the constitution is finalized.
            b/ call a consulting conference from all political strip; this is a good chance for things to ease up and reorient the nation from war-time to peacetime orientation. This venue could produce some type of a transitional roadmap.
            c/ the next step would be about finalizing the constitution and laws pertaining to elections and party formation
            d/ a period of political activities to register parties and do campaigns; here PFDJ joins the fray as a party, I would expect the renewed PFDJ to join the fray.
            e/ An independent board and a transparent process, with monitors, are a must until institutions mature and earn trust.
            If the above seems to be halewlew, probably it is, because I really don’t have a definitive answer but a vision.
            What is needed is a political will to break with past practices.

          • FishMilk

            Hi MS and thanks for your reply. It is simply a matter of loyalty. I am not willing to give compliments to any individual who denigrates anything and everything connected to Eritrea and then tries to disrespect and make fun of Eritrean brothers in arms.

          • MS

            Dear FM
            I’ve been in that heated moment so many times. I was furious so many times on comments made by some awatistas. The situation has changed and with the change of the whole equation, we need to change our attitudes. I have no problem with any person who want to advance a certain agenda I don’t agree with as long as it is done peacefully. The state of war has ended, two opposing armies have embraced each other, IA himself had some good time with the culprits. What makes me bear grudges against people I thought “pledged” to Meles. We confronted such infatuations when we thought it carried danger (when the state of war was in effect). Now, it time for Eritrean medemer and cool conversation. We have no other option but to listen to each other. SAAY’s mantra of “no one left behind” is practicable now more than any moment in the past.
            With due respect.

          • David Samson

            Selam Paulos,

            I will pass-on the question of predictions to the weather man. Once the dictator is gone for good, here are my wishes:

            We need to set up an institution which deals with Totalitarian systems, with focus on the history and personalities of dictators. We have enough materials to cover the entire map of Eritrea. Every child should be taught about dictators and their modus operandi. Timing is extremely paramount. We need to do it ASAP–well before the next dictators sets-in. If we let the next dictator in, we are doomed. Every citizen should have a basic knowledge of Hitler, Mussolini, Pol Pot, Saddam, Gehdaffi, Maputo, Mao, etc. You are one of the few who can lead and greatly contribute to this noble endeavour

            We need to install ‘Fibre Optics’ so that citizens should have access to internet. This will reduce the demand for free-media and relying on second-class-rated journalists. I see the internet as a ‘Liberator’. Citizens have unfettered and unlimited access to information. Yes, we might end up like China where Internet is censored. Yet, it is still easier to control paper and Radio than the Web.

          • Paulos

            Selam David,

            That is a noble idea and thank you for the confidence.

            I want you to consider this: Close to 5 billion videos are watched everyday around the world. Yes, 5 billion videos. Wiki boasts to have 48 million knowledge driven articles in its archives in 250 languages. This is simply a huge amount of reservoir of knowledge and information not only easily accessible but at the tip of practically anybody’s index finger.

            And suppose, half of the Eritrean youth has an access to the internet including to smart phones, and given how creative most of them are, it wouldn’t be too difficult to see how well informed they are, not only about their state of affairs but a peak into the deep recess of history including the ugly legacies of the dictators you aptly mentioned as well.

            In line with your great idea, an Eritrean [I think his name is ርእሶም] launched a fantastic website named “Eritrean Human Rights Electronic Archives” or ehreadotorg where it compiles all human rights violations that took place during the pivotal periods in Eritrea including ጀብሃ፣ሻዕብያ፣ንጉስ ሃየለስላሴ and ደረግ። This is where I think we should capitalize on not only for posterity and part of our history but as a working tool should we choose a venue for peace and reconciliation.

          • David Samson

            Selam Paulos,
            I know Russum Kidane. He lives in London. The days of Political correctness are well over– thanks to the internet.

            “Ditto.” with your comment.

            Before you tackle dictators, you need to re-charge you batteries: EndaBetebet is the best please to cleanse the soul. I am off to London’s EndaBetebet.

          • Paulos

            David,

            Yea that’s him. God bless. He has done a fantastic job. Been to London a couple or more times. Expensive but fun city. Enjoy at እንዳ በጠበጥ።

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Paulos and David,

            I agree and I am all open to having internet access. But I think the focus should be to create a conductive education system where ideas are freely discussed and social subjects are given equal or more priority to build a society that has values.

            I don’t think internet access has changed the thinking capacity of people in the western society better. Sure there is a lot of advances in technology and access to information but I doubt the young people are learning or doing much reading.

            I think the majority of them are focused on instant gratification stupid social media, let alone to learn, I don’t think they can even focus for a couple of hours.

            I don’t know what the right balance is..but I believe there is nothing the internet (including electronics) can good for the majority of young people.

            This comes from a person who makes his living from the Internet.

            Berhe

          • Paulos

            Selam Berhino,

            Access to information is certainly a game changer and induces drastic generational change as well. Some thinkers see it as a cultural shift if you will. The magnitude and scope might differ but when Gutenberg invented the first Printing Press in the 15th century, the paradigm shift in culture, dogma and life in general was fundamental.

            Over the years however, people tend to get complacent–for lack of a better word—and take the new invention for granted. Here is the deal in terms of the accessibility to information or lack thereof: In 1905, when Albert Einstein came up with his ground breaking Theory of Relativity, not only that very few people had an access to the idea but only few [some say only 12 people] understood it.

            You may remember how we all struggled to understand the concept for we relied on a rather unfriendly Text Book or teachers who seemed completely lost in the details. Fast forward, now there are hundreds of videos on Youቱብ and other very cheap “For Dummies” that makes it easy for anybody to understand the concept. Point being, this generation may focus on something else but they have better understanding of the material that they are being taught and that is one of the reasons they are not too tied up to it as the rest of us were committed to it like monks in a Convent

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Paulo,

            I am not budgingon this, with regards to my kids access to devices. I try to limit them as much as possible:).

            I am not buying all these new idea of teaching kids math using different scenario but sticking to the multiplication table..where they don’t use it any more in schools (it’s optional). I agree with the online courses etc…

            I bought completely the whole internet addition Simon Sinek talk about (google it if you haven’t) how it’s affecting millennial, which I think sometimes I am one of them.

            Berhe

          • Paulos

            Berhino,

            I see what you mean. Addiction to the virtual world is one of the defining characteristics of the Millennials but we can not convince them otherwise for they are not products of two worlds like the rest of us. They don’t know any better.

            I believe in Canada, they bring it up and discuss about it publicly for teen depression and self-harm is huge, for they think, at least one of the cause is lack of human interaction. If I am not mistaken, Ontario has a holiday for a “Family Day” where it is proposed by the government for the people to have a quality time in this otherwise fast-pace life where the major part of thinking is outsourced to machines.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Paulo,

            What do I have a feeling that you live right here in Ontario:). You know so much…

            Yes there is family Day holidays and I think most provinces have or adapting one. I think the family day in February is to give long weekend break the long winter (Jan to Good Friday). Now only month without holiday is March and November there is one sort of long weekend in all other months. I am sure in few years they will add something to those months as well.

            I don’t know actually if it affects Canada more than any other western countries (I don’t think the US is less affected) but in Canada may be the study it closely and they talk about it more.

            Believe it or not, Canada has the highest cost in data / cell charges (western world).

            Berhe

          • Paulos

            Berhino,

            Ha ha no I have family in Canada and I visit very often. I am fascinated by the system and their philosophy in general.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Paulo,

            How about you holla at me next time. Pero is on me;).

            Berhe

          • Paulos

            Sure thing. Will definitely do that. I insist, it will be on me.

          • Denmarkino AArkey Profesor Paulosm

            :…only few [some say only 12 people] understood it.’

            Who are the other ten people that understand it?

            What of the emergent universe and everthing is fundamentally information?

            tSAtSE

          • Paulos

            Selam Tsatse Arkey,

            The number may not be exact as I read it somewhere in a history of science book. The point was probably made to show how arcane the theory was around the time the funny looking dude came up with it.

          • David Samson

            Selam Paulos and Berhe,

            Paul: London and Expensive! Ah! I know it is euphemism for ‘tight-feast’ and ‘ Merda miseria’ gits. I get it, but that is for another day.
            Berhe,
            You seem to be underplaying the role of Internet in re-shaping societies.
            Let me make my points using examples:

            Some hackers had managed to hack the Panama papers with devastating effect. Remember the HSBC’s account under some Eritrean individuals. Ex- Pakistan’s PM was forced to resign. The chap and his family are known corrupted entities in Pakistan. If it were not for the leaks, the stolen money would have been remained hidden. The leaks have also sent shock waves in the UK. What many people had assumed to be clean individuals and politicians turned out to crooks. Even HM investment vehicles were involved in tax-evading schemes. The Queen was very embarrassed. We all know the effect of the ‘WikiLeaks’. The CIA was monitoring Merkel’s personal mobile phone.

            The invention of Bitcoins has almost shaken the foundation of Economics, particularly Monetarism has turned upside down. If Bitcoins work, it is a revolution of epic proportions. Furthermore, Bitcoins has given us another technology: ‘Blockchain’. Now, Blue-cheap companies have been pouring billions of funds into disturbing the establishments. One of the exciting and promising area is ‘Voting Technology’. I would imagine in 30-40 years’ time, sham and fraudulent election will be a thing of a past.

          • Aligaz G

            David,

            No internet no revolution in Ethiopia. The internet and mobile telephones are game changers in Africa.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi David,

            I am not underplaying the value of the internet. I guess my reservation is towards the very few American companies who have the monopoly of the technology and how they are shaping society, specially the young generation and what long term effects they may have. Specially the platform technology such as Facebook, google and apple.

            True leaks such as panama papers have played a huge role in exposing corruption but I am not sure the internet is solely responsible. Having anonymity has huge advantage but it has also consequence (for example, how Russia is medling in many western democracies).

            Countries such as India and China benefited hugely from the internet and it has given them economic advantage at least now.

            Africa is also benefiting I think but how widespread it’s to be seen. My thinking is, I am not so sure. I think a solid education system and robust governments (both India and China) has to have the ability to shape the future of their society.

            In other words, controlled, purpose driven usage is what I think has the most benefits.

            You and Paulo remind me the Santa Anna boys. They were smart but fini asmarinos, they were geeks but very talented athletes, some of the girls were nerds but most of them were the most beautiful, they run to the British reference library but they invade comboshtato with their stylish uniforms . What a lost generation those group of students were, scattered all over the world serving their host countries giving back in ten folds but totally absent from their country political and development scene living diaspora and in agony.

            Berhe

          • saay7

            Selamat MaHmuday:

            Prediction is forecasting the future based on variables approaching infinity so it’s only the bold who go there so my congratulations to you buddy! The prudenf and the-play-it-safe say “time will tell” and wait for the guilty pleasure of seeing the forecasters to be proven wrong. Only to learn that the forecasters have moved on to new forecast because the future is more exciting than the present. (With apologies to Master Oogway)

            I am Tekek-proof buddy 🙂

            saay

          • Selamat MaHmuday “The Best” Saleh,

            Long ago, when the website and forum was vibrant full of young awatista, sometime between its inception and Weyane’s invasion of Somalia in 2006, I recall arguing against the toughest and stubborn of awatistas then, Berhe_Y Arkey comes to mind, of the policies of “(I will skip naming) at the time. I have predicted for the “(skip naming them)” particularly to this website I love most, that what we are seeing Today with its grave consequences will occur. The Eritrean-Ethiopian enmity and or the Weyane-ShaEbia war, as devastating and horific as it was, I argued will end abruptly without any warnings to be followed by an unprecedented love fest leaving the “(skip naming them)” out in the cold. The “(skip naming it)” through this august website were told point blank of their risk of becoming pawns and irritants who will suffer greatly post an even greater threat closer rapproachment by the two sibling rivals, Eritrea (Tigrigna centric) and Tigray. Ayya Saleh is right when he said recently, ባዕልኹም ትበኣሱ ባዕልኹም ትዕረቑ ንቲ ህዝቢ ኩሉ ወዮ። Something to that effect he alluded on his last “half-baked bread”.
            You see, the pattern of miss predictions and excluding from a fair share of the podium/platform through various slight of hand techniques those of us who shouted loud that their then predictions will come to haunt them was of the boldest charachteristics. Filtering the data to amplify and sell Weyane lead Ethiopia as the springboard for “(skip naming it)” while errasing the data by voices of reason back then, is easily deniable because only the select data propogating the mispredictions was archived while the rest were deemed not worthy to be archived. It was frustrating indeed to consistently see those who are on the right side of the Eritrean arguement consistently do the wrong thing and the wrong predictions. I am confident the right will win over the wrong and still stick it out by standing with the Eritrean Opposition until they get it right. Besides the Eritrean Opposition which I am part of and with pride claim and name The Eritrean Opposition is drastically much different than it has ever been.
            My actuarial calculations as far as war between Eritrea and Ethiopia or between the Sudan and Eritea is as follows. The current peace, after solidifying, will hold for a very long time. There are too many gains for all sides and all will cooperate to get their share of the impending gravey train. Eritreans including those in opposition are not stuppid to fight wars on multiple fronts and will focus their energy and resourcefulness to compete fairly particularly in the early stages of this next chapter. The Eritrean opposition will insist and demand from the dictatorship governor of Eritrea sound economical policies and trade deals that will level the otherwise lopsided partnerships brewing. The Eritrean opposition, I doubt, will sit back and be rolled over by aggressive foreign capital and therefore will demand a lot more from the transitional governors in order to maintain majority ownership and limited mutually beneficial partnerships with foreign investors. Eritrean opposition abroad should coalece as blocks of economic investor nationals with the sole purpose of empowering economically themselves and fellow country men inside of Eritrea. The Eritrean opposition should welcome the events unfolding and encourage neighboring foreign countries investments while simultaneously seek aggressive avenues to involve themselves in the shaping of all the fast changing events particularly in the economies of the region. The diaspora presence of the Eritrean opposition should be viewed as a blessing and utilized to have maximum effect in restoring the righteou order of things.

            I am afraid predictions of wars, tripirate treatise, Eritrean mercenaries in Yemen etc… are not only wrong predictions but also counter productive or counter progressive noises of distractions for the Eritrean Oppositions and thier real focused war they should declare and wage now. Our Admiral Saay7 can perhaps be nudged with this Bill Clinton sloagan and then set sail by leading the Eritrean Liberation Fleet (still ELF!!!)… the sloagan is: “Its the ECONOMY STUPID.” Inspite of this long Hateta, I will remind you M”B”S that you are but only a Captain and the Admiral is AN ADMIRAL! so nudge him the right way and stop your koboro wagon “tekhekh mekhekh” junk towards us THE ERITREAN OPPOSITION.

            Hade neTbi shudushte Hade shomonte bado seleste……

            tSAtSE

          • MS

            Selam the great Xaxe
            I agree with almost every point you raised. The clarity of your thought is easily noticed, well said.
            The only point I have is this: when you argued against some “let’s skip them,” you never considered yourself as being pro government. You were showcasing your personal appraisals. And with my friend SAAY, much is t be said. I’m coming to the Bay Area with a sword-dancing troupe, you will be playing the Kora, just arrived from Mali, and I will be on the Rababa. We will scare the hell out of him to rise above defining and redefining IA. We will say, “let the Admiral do admiralty job and the cooks will cook the food.”

          • saay7

            Selamat tSatSe:

            With much appreciation for the title of Admiral you bestowed on me (unless you are talking of butterflies, in which case I prefer the monarch), I have to decline the promotion from a writer. Or, as I see it, demotion.

            Given my sense of humor, some may think that I sometimes write for affect. Given my distaste for the Eritrean regime, some may think I write what I write to mobilize. But, no, sir. I believe 90% of Eritrea’s problems are PFDJ and 90% of PFDJ’s problem is IA. This is a simple observation of the fact that PFDJ dominates Eritrea’s politics and IA dominates PFDJ. And I consider all discussions outside those areas as wasted resources and Gual Neger. Add to it the “twgaHmo” resolution which many misinterpret when all it was saying: I will no longer give the benefit of doubt to politicians, particularly the PFDJ.

            So, yes, I believe the SEMG when it says there are Eritreans embedded with Emiratis. Yes, I believe that if there is money in it, Isaias Afwerki would feel no compulsion or hesitation in sending our young brothers, sisters, kids, really, to Yemen. Because (a) there is precedent for it (Congo) and (b) there is nobody, no institution to stop him.

            The “its the economy, stupid” was advice that Bill Clinton’s strategist came up to focus Bill Clinton on a winning strategy in his fight against George Bush who was considered (experience wise) far superior to Clinton on everything else. But the US was going through an economic downturn. The point is: focus on your opponent’s weakness. Who is our opponent? And what is his weakness?

            The rest of your argument about the Eritrean opposition’s closeness or distance to Weyane, well, it was far, far, far, far, far less close that the Ethiopian opposition’s closeness to Isaias Afwerki. I don’t see a lot of Ethoipians calling the Ethiopian oppo traitors: the only ones who did were the Weyanistas. To me, the most important lesson from that is the time that was wasted discussing it and micro-scrutinizing it, and not what the Weyane did or didn’t do.

            Again, the opposition have nothing to do with exile of Eritreans. They have nothing to do with disappearance, arrest, torture of Eritreans. They have nothing to do with malnourished and emaciated kids wasting their lives guarding a border which is going to be demarcated (if it ever well) based on precise terms that were offered 14 years ago by the wrong guys. All of that is on PFDJ and, given the power dynamic within PFDJ, IA. In my view, people who don’t want to focus on the fact that Eritrea’s problems can be reduced to one man are those who find it is psychologically unacceptable to believe a great people have been swindled by one man.

            As for our good friend MaHmuday, I see him displaying a pecuilar tendency many show: give all the benefit of doubt to the Government of Isaias Afwerki, give no benefit of doubt to the Opposition. It is a curious thing to watch.

            saay

          • Selamat Admiral,
            You shall always get the rebeling students climb on to their desk tops’ diving platform pully with their personal loud “YUULLLPP!” The: “Oh Captain my Captain.” I can see how you thing the promotion to Admiral, long ago, as a demotion.

            Know your oppoenent and know his weakness is a respectable strategic positioning. What if my argument is: The opponents weakness is a healthy vibrant Eritrean economy? Who is depressing the economy and who is appreciating the economy? These are of the emergent realities from alll the information collected from the universe.
            “90 percent of Eritrea’s problem is the PFDJ, And 90 percent of the PFDJ’s problem is IA.” Well I see subtracting from the unit the percentage product does yield the 80% elimination of problems you claim. I suppose I woud take that thrice on Sundays too Oh Captain my Admiral…

            tSAtSE

          • saay7

            Selamat tSatSe:

            Let’s advance your argument further then. Supposing I ask you if you see Eritrea’s main problem being the economy (a) who is responsible for the mess it is in and (b) what would you do about it if you were in power?

            We can discuss this at our Tripatriate meeting with MaHmuday when he comes with his ceremonial sword to our Bay. I will have to bring my metal mesh mask and Lamé: MaHmuday talks with his arm. And of course some noise cancelling headphones.

            saay

          • Selamat Admiral,

            Circumstance has it that the dignified fair share of benefits, peace dividend, for the Eritrean measured by economic indices, I am saying should be the focus area of highest concern NOT saying Eritrea’s main problem is the economy. On the contrary, the economy will get a boost and the hustle and bustle are already shifting to higher gears. It is in a mess because of the lack of the state of readiness of the majority Eritrean population. Will the Eritrean entrepreneurs, Eritrean small businessman, Eritrean labor unions, Eritrean professional associations etc… partake fully and get their fair share of the gravy soup.

            I agree with your ninety percent PFDJ contributes to the Eritrean mess, and ninety percent of IA contributes to the PFDJ. And naturally, if I were in power I would remove 80% of the problem. I believe this 80% of mess can be removed by advocating for a very strong resurgence of Eritreans reinvestment into Eritrea by demanding from the dictatorship “this time we will not be left out.” Demanding from IA and IA and IA and co for a conducive platform for the Eritrean first and foremost, in its negotiations and policy settings, in the impending economic reintegration of the region. The Eritrean must emerge with their full dignity intact. Not for a moment should the Eritrean feel ኣብ ገዘ ሃገሩ subservient to yesterday’s enemy promoted as to today’s ጎይታ ዋኒን.

            How this is achieved is by encouraging all Eritreans to invest or reinvest heavily into their own economy by coalescing into blocks of relevant players by pooling their capital in an organized way, and mount a formidable challenge for the regime or the Eritrean government to furnish the conducive environment with each law it passes henceforth, policy it institutes.
            I do not believe, this time, complaining and whining about the regime and cohorts maneuvers will do the job. It also somehow feels as those sort of actions actors are conspiring with the regime for it to skate through it all unscathed.

            In spite of all of the above, our differences are a hairline fracture of a difference…

            Hade neTbi 61803…

            tSAtSE

          • Mitiku Melesse

            Hei Saay.
            Only 10% of the problems created by the oppositions? You take side.

          • saay7

            Mitiku selam:

            I don’t attribute 10% of Eritrea’s problems to the opposition. 10% is to all factors outside the control and influence of PFDJ including the weather.

            saay

          • Selamat Admiral,

            May I approach with the fiscal year’s and calander year’s of quantifying information. Take Denmarkino AArkey the Professor Paulos’ (as he strives for nobel Eritrea…) next submission on the emergent universe. Apparantly the unifying new theory (a theory of everything for such things as quantum and standary relativity… ) says reality is actually information. Information as in data or “information is power.” The universe is all data/information and reality like the physical world is emergent. I am quite sure you appreciate the applications to a wide range of specialities. Denmarkino can perhaps jump in and rescue me as I come up to breath air this moment.

            Here is an Eritrean Opposition fella’s delima:

            When the opposition predicts only further doom and gloom, the opposiion is speaking of their stance on economical policies of the verry relevant front, the one that counts. Check my logic/rational here: If you predict doom and gloom, you do not encourage the economical health of Eritreans. You have the conservative fiscal stance of tight flow of capital among and between Eritreans. You essentially are discouraging investment for who would want to invest on “further war and mercenarism” doom and gloom outlook. The delima is reconciling the clear and present danger or opportunity and of the dire necessity of a healthy Eritrean economy as a consequence of the immentent war front. Eritreans need a pump of capital or capital pools in order to stay relevant in the conversations. Lest they find themsleves diluted inside larger and even larger compounds. [ the chemistry compound vs. the campound be it rebels or refuguees or your picket fence including the tree in your back yard]
            Absent strategy of how to combat the relevant and immenent threat, coupled with doom and gloom forecasting the Eritrean Opposition is either merely hoping for a mirracle or have absolutley no capabilty or desire to project and implement winning strategies.

            I am really hoping you understand or get the gist of what I am saying. Just think the economical battles yet unforseen.

            Hade neTbi Sudushte Hade shomonte bado seleste…

            Werqawi meTTen as PMAA’s new term of indearment “Wedi Afey” for DIA ኣንታ ኣነስ (ሽሙ ከይጸዋዕና) ማ.”ብ” ሳ.’ን ካል አን ተኸኽ ኢዩ ዘብለኒ ትኸኸኸኽኽኽኽኽኽ!

            ጻጸ

          • saay7

            Selamat Tsatse:

            Please refer to my reply to your reply to MS (Kebid Bret Division)

            But, since you are in fiscal mode, answer me these questions:

            1. The Eritrea-Ethiopia-Saudi summit is being held in Jeddah (economic capital, Red Sea coastal town) and not Riyadh (political capital) this weekend. Why?
            2. Do you think it is a photo op or something substantial where the magnitude of the Dinars pledged will make global news?
            3. Depending on how you answer both questions, what do you think is the role of the Eritean opposition since you believe “it is the economy, stupid?”

            You go first. But all awatistas are welcome to pipe in.

            saay

          • Admiral,

            I would rather or opt to choose a response to your response to my… some how we were typing simultaneously.

            You asked who is your opponent which you defined as the 90 percent of problem to Eritreans being DIA and DIA being percent of PFDJ problem… or is it PFDJ is the 90% of Eritrean’s problem. Sychlic, very clever.
            As for the magnitudes of the Dinars pledged making global news, then should the issue of transparent trade agreements is a mutt point.

            Somewhere there is a logical fallacy perhaps in all of our arguments.

            I suppose one could only gived ampl thought forward…

            tSAtSE

          • Aligaz G

            tSAtSE

            You wrote:

            On choosing Coastal Riyad over Jedha Capital, to yours trully, is all special effects I presume. My argument is different…

            Better:

            On choosing cool crystal Coastal Jedha over Riyad Capital
            It’s all special effects to yours truly
            But since my argument is different and
            Somewhere somewhere there must be a logical fallacy
            Let’s sit under the swaying palm trees of Cool crystal coastal Jedah
            And agree to disagree

            editing charge is .2 bitcoin no charges for special effects

            cheers

          • እሊጋዝ።

            አታ ሓንቲ ንኺድ ንኺድ ትብለ አታ ሓንቲ ነሳፍሕ ነሳፍሕ አታ ሓንቲ ካኣ ንሓንጥጥ ንሓንጥጥ ትብል። አንታይ ሓንጣል መንጣል ኣድዎ፠፠፠. ሕንቅል ሐንቅሊተይ thanks for the editing and such an affordable charge… earn more bitcoins please.

            Hade neTbi 61803… gLdmRtio

            tSAtSE

          • Aligaz G

            tSAtSE,

            A little weekend fun that’s all. Are you still in the winnbago?

    • Mitiku Melesse

      Hei MS. From the first peace call to September 12 our Ethiopian new year what is happening is just beyond word can explain.

      Back to your question in the coming 50 years (God forbid Asmara and Addis would have the same stand on US foreign policy on East Africa) we dont see any devastating war. I hope the two countries work hard that they are on the same page concerning US policy no matter what.

      • MS

        Selam Mitiku
        I hope to see more of upbeat voices like yours. We need it, our children and grandchildren need it.

        • Ismail AA

          Halen MS,
          Good question. The only one who can give you the answer is the despot unless you are imagining Eritrea and the region without him.

    • Paulos

      G. Morning Muhamuday,

      When unfortunate nation goes to war precisely because of a psychopath leader with no regard what so ever to the human condition.

      Now, shields are up and fire at will and of course I have learned from Achilles and have my heel-tendons covered as well 😂.

  • FishMilk

    Hi All. The U.S. Embassy in Addis Ababa yesterday released a security alert: ‘The U.S. Embassy is monitoring reports of protest and unrest throughout Addis Ababa, with police deployed in response. These incidents may continue through the weekend with little or no warning. Expect an increased police presence and be prepared for road closures.U.S. Government personnel are advised to avoid non-essential road movements in Addis Ababa on Saturday, September 15, 2018, especially on Bole and Meskel Square Roads, and to limit movement in Addis Ababa until the end of the weekend.’

    • Aligaz G

      fish,

      Disturbances already around piazza. Not clear how bad. Roads closed.

      • FishMilk

        Hi Aligaz G. Really sorry to hear that. Hope matters are not too serious and that they soon calm down..

        • Nitricc

          Hi Fish-M: when you have unemployed, yet empowered youth, nothing good comes of it. I know all about love and forgiveness things but the government must bring the sticks before the youth turns to the Nigerian youth story. what is amazing is, they overcome the torture of for 27 years but they can’t handle a freedom of six months. Bring the stick.

          • Aligaz G

            Nitricc

            Easy to win the war but lose the peace. But hold off on the doom and gloom. Easy to show force if needed. Hope not necessary

          • Nitricc

            Hi Aligaz; I am just mentioning the danger of the empowered youth. But sure, it is change and change comes with many obstacles and during such times, force is the effective solution. by the way What ever happen to Agazi Army?

          • Aligaz G

            Nitricc,

            There is serious debate going on concerning ownership of the reform movement. An element has decided to take the issue to the streets of Addis. The stick is the last resort but will be used if necessary.

          • Nitricc

            Aligaz; The youth worked from outside and Lemma and Abiy did the rest. With out them there is no change. Who is clamoring the ownership of the reform? Besides who cares who got it done, the point is it is done. This change belongs to the people.

  • FishMilk

    Hi All. UAE’s population back in 1991 was 1.9 million whereas today it is 9.5 million. Saudi Arabia’s population back in 1991 was 19 million whereas today it is 33 million. Much as both countries’ interests in Ethiopia these days is centered around investing in large tracks of Ethiopian land to be developed for agricultural purposes to meet current and future burgeoning food demands. And of course, they need use of Eritrean ports to move Ethiopia food production through. In connection to the above, look for Saudi Arabia and/or U.A.E. to soon cough up money for the GERD.

  • @george

    Dear hope

    300 prisons. Really! Are u falling for the most absurd lie yet. Let me ask you. Who told you there are 300 prisons?

  • Peace!

    @george,

    What I am saying is: why not deal with the evil you are sleeping with first? He has been taking you to wars, to prisons, to free labors, forcing you to flee your country, and killing your people for ONLY AYKESERNAN. BS!

    Peace!

  • Berhe Y

    Hi Hope,

    Ab Adina entay yiblu mesleka.

    TaT keybelas QaQ abela.

    Kem Afka yigberelna.

    Berhe

    • Paulos

      Selam Berhe,

      That’s funny! I thought it was ኮፍ ከይበላ ቋቕ ኣበላ፣ No?

      • Denmarkino.

        They made QuaQe before sitting, lol
        tSAtSE

      • Berhe Y

        Hi Paulo,

        You may be correct but I thought it was ጣጥ ከየበላስ ቓቕ አበላ. So my understanding was ቓቕ was higher than ጣጥ. In this case, he needs to start from ጣጥ from jumping to ቓቕ.

        Off course Abrehet will tell us what’s right.

        Berhe

        • Paulos

          Selam Berhe,

          እዚ ገዛ ዘየምጽኦ የብሉን፣ ሎምስ ሕሉፍ ሓሊፉና ብዛዕባ ዓይነታት ናይ ጥራጥ ንዛረብ ኣለና፣ You should see me laughing 😂.

          The most absurd thing I heard was a newly wed bride killed herself after she passed gas while her in-laws were around sitting with her. It happened back in the days in ሃገረ-ሰብ። You can imagine the cultural pressure and the kind of constraints a woman had to live with. There is evolutionary reason why fart stinks, will try to say more next time on that.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Paulo,

            It’s was all meant to have some laugh….

            But look at the absurdity of the idea …all those IA sympathizers, already started to accept the idea of that IA annotates his son Abraham to the thorn. IA uses his magic wand and viol…. At the same time they are wishing that he will be as good as Dr. Abiy.

            Why limit there..he could be better than Dr. Abiy…but they forget that Dr. Abiy had over 25 years of experience in the job..from Rebel, then military, then under grad, and graduate then post graduate, then engineer, then directory, then deputy security then minister….and plus lots and lots of experience as semi-paster, public speaking..Peace and reconciliation, intelligence, security…high tech, writing, directing….

            Berhe

          • Haile S.

            Selam Paul, Abrehet, Berhe et all,
            እዛ ጥራጥ ሕጂ እያ ኣብዚ ተጨንያ። Paul, the story you told could be true. It was to prevent such happening (considered as disaster) that newly wed brides are prevented from eating ዝሕረማ around the nuptial days. I am sure you must have heard about ምሕራም. Imagine the groom is well fed on these days, even i can say force-fed.
            Now time for one proverb: ጥራጥ ዘለዋ መዓኮር ክትዘልል ኣይትኽእልን።

          • Paulos

            Selam Hailat,

            That makes perfect sense. No I didn’t know much about ምሕራም፣ As the Brit would say it, please do tell more Sire.

            Hailat, you see how you and ሓፍተይ make the room interesting when you two dance to the tune of ideas and folk-tale. Much obliged.

          • Haile S.

            Hey Paul,
            I defer the details of ምሕራም to our dear sis Abrehet. I know that brides are encouraged not to eat or abstain (ምሕራም) around the days of their wedding. When I said the groom, on the contrary, was well fed is that for example there was a practice and right of the groom’s men (ኣዕሩኽ) had in the past to steal for weeks any body’s chicken (ደርሆ ምስባር) to cook for the newly wed. This was a tradtional law and was amended against its practice when these traditional laws republished in the early 1900dths during the Italian administration.

  • Peace!

    Hi george,

    Well, then yours is worst, because you are unable to comprehend how politics works and bring your own people misery to an end. By the way, what you are saying is not new. Please read Eritrean struggle history and tell me how it was won. Sanction is a cake comparing to when powerful countries openly declare to eliminate you once for all.

    Peace!

  • Peace!

    Hi Alex,

    Who cares about US credibility when your own leader treats you as if you do not exist plus credibility is for elected leaders, not for the one who is dragging our country and people to endless wars and mysteries. In fact as I am writing this reply, lots of Eritreans in Libya are crying for help, would you care to ask why?

    Peace!

  • Acria

    Selam @george,
    Why the sudden interest on the United States? The US has its own problems and they can care less for us. Eritrea is insignificant when it comes to the US, economically or politically. Let’s concentrate on the problems we have in our own country and the surrounding area. When the people of a country let a dictator reign forever, they become easy pray for outside business influences: the likes of Iraq, Libya, and Syria. US arm makers do benefit from the upheavals of these nations. It is just business for them! Let’s not fall pray to these companies by making peace inside Eritrea first and then with everybody else. That is why I am in favor of the military sanction against us by the UN.

    • @george

      Dear A.

      You are contradicting big time or not aware what the discussion ia about.

      1. You said: Why the sudden interest on US.

      Himmm…we, Eritreans do not care but US does. They are having a meeting. That is called interference. If we are insignificant why have they been funding our enemy Ethiopia for the last 60 years. (I know they have “interest”)

      2. P i a is a national hero not a dictator. So do not worry about him. Worry about your own dictator.

      3. Finally and for your information the sanctions were based unproven allegations. It was meant to weaken Eritrea so your Ethiopia can evade us.

      • Acria

        Selam @george,
        I believe you are an Eritrean and you are the one who is talking about USA this and USA that. Who is having a meeting? Funding Ethiopia means we are significant? National hero can’t be a dictator? The national hero willing to compromise our Assab? My Ethiopia? Eritrea is weaker than Ethiopia and that is why your TPLF friends were EVADING us! They can INVADE us anytime they want lest that your TPLF friends allow Eritreans to have a say on their own fate. Eritreans chose independence thanks to the late Meles Zenawi. Let’s not forget our history and our friends.

    • Natom Habom

      selam acria
      the problem Eritrea have is with united state not you ,because you are irelevant maybe used as a tool to make it look is between eritrean ,the United State want the submission of Eritrea with its strategic location it wont tolerate an independant country out of the sphere of it ,as if you can do anything stop deflecting subject ,Eritrea is not worrying about opposition it have dealt with the most vicious tplf and it crony let alone mister acria ,the only think you can do is just dreaming eritrean will kill eath other behind your laptop , do you see where tplf is now,?? in limbo asking help trough their online troll we are brother we are brother we dont care ,we still waiting their final destruction

  • Acria

    Selam Hope,
    I understand that sanctions may not portray a positive image for the country. They may affect minimally for economic development of the country. The problems with Eritrea are not the sanctions imposed by the UN. The problems with Eritrea are the sanctions placed by the PFDJ on its own people. The problem with Eritrea is not even IA. He is just an individual. The problem with Eritrea is really the Eritreans who support the policy of IA and PFDJ for some reason or another ( party affiliation and loyalty, hate of other group – religious or tribal). For lasting peace to take place in Eritrea, the attitude and thinking of these core supporters has to change. Otherwise, the status quo remains, sadly, for unforeseeable future. Let’s change, unite, and grow togethoer. Eritrea belongs for all Eritreans!

  • Acria

    Selam Alex,
    I wish the sanctions have to do with human rights violations in Eritrea by the supposedly “Eritrean” leadership of the PFDJ ( People’s Front for Democracy and Justice : ህዝባዊ ግንባር ንደሞክራስን ፍትሕን). How sad it is the name doesn’t match the practices of the group. I think PFDJ stands for Policy For Dictatorship and Jeopardy. I hope the fast rapprochement that is going on in the Horn of Africa finally brings peace, democracy, and economic freedom in Eritrea. What is becoming jeopardy to me is that why is the PFDJ not making peace with its own people? The sanctions and the no-peace-no-war were not reasons to keep the Eritrean people under dictatorial subjugation.

    It should be clear that the sanctions are military in nature. For a poor country like Eritrea, it is, sarcastically, a good thing. We don’t have a luxury to buy military armaments when we don’t have money to spend on our economic infrastructure. PFDJ leadership for the last 27 years has been abysmal for Eritrea. That cannot be denied. PFDJ has been instigating war with most of its neighbors. It is still instigating a proxy war with Yemen by providing our airfield and airspace to be used by KSA and UAE to destroy Yemen. This need to stop pronto. PFDJ need to make peace with Yemen and Sudan too. It is a good start that they are making peace initiatives with Ethiopia, Somalia, Djibouti, and South Sudan. Nevertheless, these peace initiatives are meaningless for the poor Eritreans if the PFDJ is unable till this point to make a lasting peace with its own people. Peace and charity starts at home.

    By the way, it looks like we don’t need the U.S.A. or other powerful nations to mediate the peace initiatives in the Horn of Africa. It there is a will, everything is possible. I want that will to invariably be extended by the PFDJ to the Eritrean people without any delay. We need peace, democracy, rule of law without any delay and without any excuses. Enough is Enough!

  • Saleh Johar

    Hi Hope,
    I thought it is not like you were contacting Yohannes on a private channel. You used an open forum and I happen to be in that open forum. If you wish to ask Yohannes privately, I will help pass your message to him–just ask. My question is still: how about Isaias telling the Eritrean people what he is doing before we hear it from the Ethiopian media? Also, how do you explain people defending an agreement the details of which they do not know?

  • Peace!

    Hi Hope,

    I said politics is about interest where DIA fails miserably perhaps because he is not elected to represent anybody. Eritrea has been and is bleeding and barking at the US will not stop anything.

    Peace!

    • Acria

      Selam Peace,
      I do agree with most of your points, you seem to be a reasonable person. Nevertheless, the Swastika? It doesn’t look good on you.

      • Peace!

        Hi Acria,

        I didn’t think it would distract readers. Will change it! Thank you!

        Peace!

        • Acria

          Selam Peace,
          Your name says it all: time to make peace! And, thank you.

  • Hope

    Selam Ato Yohanees:
    I re-read the Article.
    Are you saying that Dr Abiy should NOT have offered the peace deal to PIA coz PIA is a Dictator?
    If so,does that mean that Eritrea and Eritreans should be kept in the darkness of NO Peace No War status?
    And if so,for how long?
    Until the Dictator dies?
    Kindly, please clarify.

    • Saleh Johar

      Hope,
      How about until you and the rest of Eritreans are officially told what is happening?

    • Mitiku Melesse

      Hei, Hope.
      NO. What he means is that only opposition can do good for Eritrea. All what you see is dubious or fake or for political gain. Since the oppositions have million plans better than the government all Eritreans must suffer in Eritrea or leave Eritrea til the opposition choose the best plan and by some miracle one beautiful day implement their plan in Eritrea. And that miraculous day is not known. They could even wait until the grandson of the King take over the presidency.

      Many have been calling toothless but now i notice they are not toothless. They have power to sabotage Eritrea if they find any external help. Many positions had said the NPNW and the sanction did not affect Eritrea. The toothless oppositions bla bla. But i saw how the people reacted when the peace declared and have seen and heard untold story of the separated families’ stories.

      So people like you must engage in making conversation with oppositions as a starters. Two groups which stand to help Eritrea shouldn’t sabotage Eritrea in the name of which way Eritrea must be developed.

  • abdulworld

    Hello Yohannes,
    Here is my input for your article based on Wolahim Score Scale.

    Introduction (Wolahim Score 3)
    Introduction makes its thesis clear and specifies information source(media outlets)
    And it also will look at Abiy’s political philsophy and its weaknesses

    Public Reaction: Motives and Potential Shifts( Wolahim Score 3.5)

    1. Makes it clear there are specialized fields to study social movement (knowledge)

    2. He will use plain language without too much technical jargon for discussion.
    And will use common sense for analysis

    I like the four categories.
    I wouldn’t classify Skeptical/Questioning Attitude as Thinking “out of the box”… usually thinking out box is about finding a creative solution. This seems like rational and pragmatic approach

    Initial Public
    A) You pointed out the initial reaction of population was emotional.
    I wonder how much was due to perception of 85% population that someone of their generation is leading
    the country? 42 year old with PHd is not only anomaly in Africa but the world. Whether actual or not he was seen as change of old guard.

    B) He implemented changes that majority of people wanted to see.

    ” In addition, like any other mania, the cult-like admiration of a political leader invariably entails extensive canonization and apologia that stifle legitimate criticism or dissension thereby giving a false impression of universal public support.”
    I think part of this not due Dr. Abiy. The problems I see that Citizens of African country are hardly educated what their role in society is. I believe all citizens should be on guard and critical of government.
    But yes- I believe the statement is very accurate and IA in late 90’s was the best example of it.
    As far as I know Eritrean people can’t even make distinction between IA and his policies.
    I believe the best way to influence in diaspora is break this distinction.
    Focus on his policies and their negative affect.

    2-Shift in Public Opinion
    I believe this is case with a new leader. The initial europhia wears off.
    The beginning is just like introducing boxers to ring.
    Dr. Abiy real talent and ability will show when his decisions have an impact.
    The only thing different about Dr. Abiy is he has set the tone quickly, urgently, and confidence.
    So, built his resevoir of good-will from people and if people have issues with other policies they will give him a pass. His strategy is that of leader who knows he will have unpopular decision to make down the line and prepare’s people for…

    An Emerging Political Philosophy(Wolahim Score 2)

    “It is as if the PM’s approach to (and philosophy about) the affairs of his country and the wider Horn of Africa region are inspired more by a spirituality that invokes the ‘basic goodness of man’ than by a worldly outlook that acknowledges the realities of the rough-and-tumble world of national/global politics.”
    I am not sure what to say about this. He is national leader of Ethiopia.
    His job have a harmonious society where the need of people can be met.

    Can you give me a practical example of political philsophy that applicable to
    “realities of the rough-and-tumble world of national/global politics.”

    “political philosophy that is rooted in the concept of Medemer or “Addition” – a notion of joining hands or ‘coalescence-in-spirit’ of social and political forces.”

    First it is good that he is using an Amharic- that way it is not some foreign word people “can’t feel”.
    It is beautiful and practical concept we need to hear in the horn.
    “India is full of diversity. This diversity is our pride and it is our strength. Diversity is the speciality of India.”
    This is what the prime minister of India said recently.
    As far as I can see- Medemer is about strength in diversity. What is wrong with that?

    “This characterization notwithstanding, the philosophy is too simplistic (and its symbolizing of “mathematical formulation” of “Addition” too rudimentary!) to have practicality or realism in today’s complex world.”
    I believe in region where folks Horn have been butchering each other of this ethnic or that this Liberation Front or another..
    It is refreshing to see a Leader who says… hey let’s work this out and I believe our diversity is our strength..

    “There can be no denying that resolving these monumental problems is a seemingly unachievable task which requires a great deal more than pacifist calls for Medemer”
    Again- I believe to address problems reframing helps.
    Medemer is about have philosophy our diversity should be our strength.
    Our differences can be our strength instead of our problems.
    This is applicable to Ethiopia given its ethnic-related issues..
    He is framing the conversation.

    “it remains unclear if this is all there is to PM Abiy’s political philosophy;”
    What more are you expecting? His political leading a country with 100 million, etc..
    Are you expecting him to right Medemer manifesto like full-time philosopher Marx..

    Inconsistencies and Contradictions(Wolahim Score 1.5)
    Here you make the claim that Medemer is problematic concept. I ask for whom?

    1-Partnering with a Tyrant
    I think part is more about some Eritrean political naivete than Dr. Abiy.
    First in international politics there are no friends or “genuine partnership”…
    A leader is supposed to meet the needs of his or her people.
    Countries have interests and two countries can work for their own interests..
    “Worse, he has unabashedly idolized the dictator by affectionately addressing him by his nickname”
    The above is just basic international norm. It is called diplomatic gestures.
    It is like every american president holding hands with Saudi monarch and walking like newleyweds.

    2- Meaningless borders
    I haven’t read his speech on borders. Someone saying African borders are meaningless is not unusual.
    I can’t read his mind but what he is saying is that African borders shouldn’t be given so much weight that people butcher each other over them.
    OAU always advocates the unity of African countries. They have already issued African Passport for some folks.

    “political doublespeak of the prime minister” I don’t know about this assertion. It has no bases.

    You might taking things out context or literally.

    Conclusion (Wolahim Score 2)
    I think it would be better if have concluded making your case of “dubious” politics.

    Overall the Wolahim Score is 2.4.

    1. Introduction was because it was thesis was stated and source of information to back up thesis

    2. Public Reaction section was very good. You brought knowledge from social science and actually applied it to topic- Dr. Abiy and public.

    3. An Emerging Political Philosophy- in this section you didn’t bring any applied knowledge or useful knowledge. Practical question- what sort of philosophy or approach
    should a leader in region full of ethnic or tribal strife?

    4. Inconsistencies and Contradictions- In this section there is no useful or knowledge. Maybe misunderstanding?

    It is decent article. Much better than some of Awate articles with 20 footnotes and academic sounding words but completely empty of any knowledge or applied knowledge.

    • Berhe Y

      Hi abdulworld,

      I think you should stop with this Wolahim business all together or at least until the writers are attending your class. Then you can grade them however you like.

      You are taking a lot of time to study the articles and marking them. It’s probably best if you just focus in commenting with the topic.

      In case you didn’t notice, no body seems to give a sh.., about your score.

      Just saying

      Berhe

      • Nitricc

        Hi Berhe; why get angry? don’t you think that is his right to do whatever he wants to write? I thought you were from the so-called for democracy crowed.
        what happen to that?

        • Berhe Y

          Hi Nitricc,

          Sure he is free to write what ever he wants. And it’s my right to criticize what ever he write…duh…

          Sometimes, I really feel sorry for you. Did you grow up playing like a normal kid would like? mአሻካኻት ዓለም፤ ማይ ዶ ጸባ፤ ጠለይ ጠለይ ፤ ጭርጭር፤ ዓካት
          I don’t know what planet you are from….

          Why do you think someone who advocates for democracy have no right to criticize another person….

          Berhe

          • Nitricc

            Berhe; only crazy people will critic some one for no reason. This poster didn’t mention your name, didn’t ask for your comment, this person didn’t ask for advice but your freaking nerve to take his rights to post what ever he wants. The point I am getting at is, you people who are screaming day in day out democracy and human rights is fake. You all are fake.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Nitricc,

            Do you know what it means to dialog in public sphere? It’s free game. People are allowed to support or criticize your ideas, not your character but your idea. Did I criticize his character? I am criticizing his ideas, called “Wolhim”, that he used to rate/ mark peoples articles. That’s what democracy is all about, the ability to make your comments freely and you accept others to do the same. It doesn’t mean it agree with anyone on everything. Abduworld knows all this so I think he doesn’t need your help.

            Please don’t make me get my friend iSem from his long break. I am getting tired and need to take a break, let him deal with you.

            Berhe

      • abdulworld

        Hello Berhe,

        I am not looking for students. That is way I write and express my view. If you don’t like that is fine. You sound angry. If you read my comments.. I did express my view.. the article doesn’t have much applied knowledge or anything of substance.

        The only thing different about my response compared to others.. I am making my metric visible and others maybe aren’t as far as I can see..

        It doesn’t take more than 8 minutes for me to respond… some article barely 5 minutes.. once you get passed the fluff and noise…

        This is not popularity contest for me- no one has to respond.
        Welcome to democracy and freedom of speech.. I am not violating any of posting rules..

        To quote Hoffer-

        “When people are free to do as they please, they usually imitate each other.” or
        “Rudeness is the weak man’s imitation of strength.”

        I don’t which one applies in this case or maybe both.

        • Berhe Y

          Hi Abdulworld,

          I am not angry but you be the judge if your marking is compelling the writers to engage you and respond to you.

          You probably do not care much but I think if your objective is to engage and provide constructive dialogue, my point is you don’t start by undermine or criticizing the person ability to write to your standards.

          Berhe

  • Peace!

    Hi george,

    Are you saying the US empire is responsible for the tens of thousands Eritreans dying in over three-hundred prisons, for collapsed economy, for enslaving youths, for isolating Eritrea from the international community, for destroying the lives of millions of Eritreans, for forcing thousands Eritreans to live in exile, and now for signing agreements without consulting Eritreans?

    Can we at least agree on the basic definition of ENEMY: “something harmful or deadly” Who do you think is harmful or deadly to Eritrea and Eritreans?

    Peace!

  • David Samson

    Hi Erta,
    I believe most business people and the young will immigrate to Ethiopia if they could do so. The status quo is not sustainable. IA has two options:

    1. He can open and free up the economy and encourage all exile Eritreans to return home. Since many Eritreans tend to have short memories, many owners whose business were closed down and were forced to leave Eritrea will wholeheartedly accept IA’s invitation. Once they are in, as usual, IA and his affiliates companies will frustrate them. PFDJ will revert to its Sahel’s mind-set. ‘Feasibility studies’ becomes a buzzword. In other words, we are now back to early 90s territory. Most diaspora Eritreans (Aba-Kebdom) will flock back home for summer holidaying. They are only interested in filling up their bellies and turn a blind eye to the suffering of local people. The Asmarinos have coined a beautiful word for them:’Beles’ They usual brag and boast– Eritrea is the best country to live in.
    This is IA’s best route. It buys him not only time, but some short term good-will as well. This might also temporarily halts immigrating to Ethiopia. This is what a text-book base Benevolent dictator will do, but this goes against IA’s envious traits.
    2. The border issue has not resolved yet, so we need to remain on alert. This requires lots of spinning, false hopes and outright lies. The two Yemanes have their work cut out. It might work for a year or so. Meanwhile, those who do not buy false hopes and lies will flee to Ethiopia.

    • FishMilk

      Hi David Samson. Over the past 20 years a large number in Eritreans/Eritrean half-cast business community, have already migrated to Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and elsewhere. Even during the period 1991-thru-1997, the private investment environment for those outside of the party was not encouraging. As part of a reality check, and at least for the short (2-to-5 year period), people need to stop thinking of Eritrea in Western Democratic eyes, or even Ethiopian style governance vision of the past three decades. Simply do not expect Eritrea to open the flood gate to foreign investment like Ethiopia did. Think more in terms of slow budding Albanian-Cuban hybrid. That is of course unless, disgruntled Eritreans inside of Eritrea, force a different face of change at a more rapid rate.

      • David Samson

        Hi FM,
        Well, it is not I am expecting anything, it is just IA can not keep the existing status quo of ‘No peace No war’. He has to make some changes, but I am not sure he knows which direction to go as all options have their own booby-traps.

        Why do you think the pre-98 period was not business-friendly? The answer lies on the deep-rooted ideology of Maoism. IA has never shaken his guerrilla mind-set.

        • FishMilk

          Hi David Samson. Has the ideology been Maosim of Hoxhaism? Maybe we can call PIA’s brother, who is now dealing with investment matters, what he thinks. The situation is not any longer nation-to-nation ‘No peace No war’ but rather potentially Northern Military Command/TPLF ‘Cog in the wheel’ refusal to move troops. I just hope that does not occur.

          • David Samson

            Hi FM,

            EPLF did not entertain Hoxhaism ;Meles and his TPLF had flirted with both camps but did a quick adjustment when he landed in Addis. Meles played it well. While outside Tigray he gave the impression of changed man, in Tigray he practised state control. In Eritrea, it feels ‘No peace No war’ as nothing else to indicate otherwise. It is very odd to argue that, on one hand, you are declaring peace, then you are qualifying it again.

          • FishMilk

            Hi David Samson. The EPLF had sent a few individuals and even families to Tirana, Albania for training and indoctrination. For a fleeting period, both Isaias and Meles embraced Hoxhaism.

          • Abraham H.

            Selam FishMilk,
            -Both governments have signed an agreement of end of state of war
            -The TPLF led Tigray gov has accepted and endorsed the peace agreement
            -The Tigray gov is also pushing the issue of people-to-people relations which is winning them huge support from Eritreans, esp. those who live in close proximity to the border
            -The Tigray gov has made it clear that they want to close the sad chapter and move on
            -The Tigray Gov realises the peace has even a greater dividend to Tigray than to rest of Ethiopia, given its proximity to the Eritrea and the trade routes/ports
            The Tigray gov is only concerned about the negative impact to the people if implementing the border ruling as is, even when known villages that belong to each party are made to change hands. Hence, I believe the DIA regime is going to accept the idea of land swap for the sake of smooth implementation of the eebc
            That is all to say your concern of what you keep repeating the Northern military command is out of sync with the ongoing events and the reality on the ground. What you are doing is exactly what you pfdj appologists have been peddling through the last 17 years in order to appologise for the crimes and outlaw rule of DIA. Just want to remind you that you have now gone out of the excuses to keep the Eritrean people under perpetual authoritarian rule. Your game of outsourcing Eritrea’s internal problems to external issues is over and expired.
            Game Over to all overt and covert DIA-enablers

          • FishMilk

            Hi Abraham H. Let us hope for you, and all of your overt and covert TPLF-enable friends here, that that the TPLF soon starts to move their gluteus maximus from Badme, so as not to give any excuse whatsoever to PIA, not to avail Government accountability and transparency.

  • Peace!

    Hi All,

    Ops!!

    US To Eritrea: Nice Try, But No Reform, No Sanctions Relief – Eritrea Digest

    It is a bad day for PFDJ which almost always means it is a good day for the Eritrean people.

    The Isaias Afwerki regime appears to have calculated that if it makes peace with Ethiopia, Somalia and Djibouti, why, then, there is no reason for the United States not to normalize
    its relations and, more importantly, suspend its opposition to the UN lifting the UN sanction

    Peace!

    • Paulos

      Selam Abi Seb,

      ንኺድ ጥራሕ! ናበይ? asks emoji 😢.

      • Peace!

        Paulosay,

        ከምዚ ዓዋን dictator ተራእዮን ተሰሚዑን ኣይፈልጥን 😷. The US is not going to cave in for his ሽጣራ.

        Peace!

        • Natom Habom

          selam peace
          you said eritrea cannot assume by opening up with neigbors with good relation that will automatically lead to lift the sanction ,
          why not ???? isnt what eritrea wrongly accused of ,as a trouble maker right ??
          so now you want to say the non – existant opposition must be include
          tplf lapdogs are more and more amusing ,you yourself are telling America must cheat international law for the benefit of the future lapdog ,and yet here you are opposition that cannot stand on its leg calling for another help ,do you have any dignity left ,are even eritrean

          • Peace!

            Hi NH,

            You didn’t finish reading the whole thing. I did not say that. Nevertheless, whining about the fairness of the US while your country is bleeding is preposterous and irresponsible.

            Peace!

        • Hope

          Selamat Peace;

          What shitara are you talking about?

          Dude, with all due respect to you, do you understand/know what you are talking about?

          Do u need to be reminded the agenda and evil purpose of sanctioning Iraq, Syria and Libya?

          The “shitara” that should be talked about should be the “shitara” of the evil empire Pseudo-Diplomats.

          Those seb shitara have known what they have been doing to Eritrea and Eritreans for 60ys like @george told you.

          If they really care about Human Rights and in particular and Eritrea and Eritreans in general, they should lift the sanctions and they should chase the dictator in question.

          You claimed:
          “ከምዚ ዓዋን dictator ተራእዮን ተሰሚዑን ኣይፈልጥን 😷. The US is not going to cave in to his ሽጣራ”.

          There is NO shitara here when it comes to the interest of Eritrea and Eritreans:

          Eritrea has fulfilled all its expectations, obligation and the demand of the UN and its Sanction Group.
          An those fake and ill informed Pseduo-Diplomats have NO moral ground to claim and say;

          “Eritrea cannot assume that by saying wonderful things and opening good relations with the neighbors that will automatically lead to sanctions relief,” said Nagy”.( a former U.S. ambassador to Ethiopia).
          What about what Amb David Sheen and Asst Sec Cohen, aka, Hank, said about Eritrea and the sanction regime?

          If the Human Rights issue is the new excuse for the sanctions, then there should be a new one.

          Plus, the Human Rights Periodic Review with and/on Eritrea has been going on smoothly and the evil empire should rather focus on that.

          If that evil empire is really honest about Human Rights in Eritrea, then why didn’t it enforce the COIE and bring that “Criminal” in question to the International Court?

          Here is the real shitara if you want to know the truth:

          -FM told you the truth that this evil empire ONLY cares 10000% about its own interest.

          -That EVIL EMPIRE is “afraid” of /jealous about the involvement of the Chinese and the Russians in Eritrea

          • Peace!

            Hi Hope,

            “FM told you the truth that this evil empire ONLY cares 10000% about its own interest.” Agreed. Can we have a leader that cares about Eritrea and its people? Not 10000%, just a small portion of that?

            Peace!

        • FishMilk

          Hi Peace! No the U.S. will not cave in but it is these days extremely worried about Ethiopia and Eritrea and for completely different reasons. For some reason, even a lot of tension from the U.S. State Department in regards to PMAA and PIA’s trip to Jeddah this weekend. Most people do not understand that the U.S. now views Ethiopia as being more unstable and vulnerable that at any time since 1991. Regarding Eritrea, the U.S. knows it has to put something mighty attractive on the table to sway Eritrea away from allowing Russia to establish strategic presence on the Red Sea.

          • Peace!

            Hi FM,

            When it comes to US and other powerful countries, it is all about geopolitical interest in particular, in this case, Bab Al-Mendeb. The time can’t be more perfect as the region is too weak and vulnerable: Ethiopia is not stable, the Eritrean dictator will do anything to absolve himself from decades of heinous crimes he has committed, Somalia still chaotic, Sudan is economically too weak, South Sudan still in Civil war, Yemen is in war and Djibouti is not fully a sovereign state. It seems the market is for buyers, even Turkey is shopping in the region despite its internal and external challenges.

            With that in mind, usually the best way to challenge foreign dominance is by forming a strong regional integration which internal integration is a prerequisite. Thanks to DIA he emptied and reduced the country to defenseless and naked for highest bidder. Now, he is more desperate to taint his crimes and fake his legacy.

            Peace!

    • FishMilk

      Hi Peace! Lifting sanctions have nothing to do with the US House Foreign Committee/ Subcommittee on Africa and their disingenuous concern with human rights issues, but has everything to do with Russia’s interest in Tiyo.

      • Peace!

        HI FM,

        I think so. Nothing new! It’s always been about politics/interest where DIA fails miserably. He has abandoned his own people to the extent he is now vulnerable to all kinds of political maneuvers against him, and with that, things can take an acute turn anytime.

        Peace!

  • Mitiku Melesse

    Hei All.
    Evil politicians and gossipers have used the war for what ever devil plans they have for the last 20 years. Good and genuine politicians who couldn’t see the misery the war brings on the two country peoples came up with fantastic plan and the result is beyond word can explain. Those who have suffered from the war celebrated the end of the war with heartwrenching family reunion.

    Now the evil gossipers come up with a new subject because their favorite subject NPNW was dead and buried for good. As we have learnt in the past 20-27 years they have no agenda in changing the government in Eritrea. Their agenda is to tarnish their government whatever it does and by doing so whether they know it or not make the life of Eritreans worse. Some of them they want life in Eritrea to get worse because that is how they justify what ever they stand for is not done thus the problem in Eritrea is worsening.

    Coming to the new gossip. If the president has a plan to give power due to age or health problem who could be better and trust worthy student how to lead Eritrea except those old veterans working with him? The oppositions in tplf land? The oppositions who are scattered all over the world? Or gossipers in awate.com? Why do people think monarch is the worst system? Why do people think that they are not part of the problem that Eritrea has one party/one man leader for 27 years. Just because they live abroad.

  • Berhe Y

    Hi Alex,

    What’s silly is the counter arguments you are coming up with. We are not monarchy? Really…

    Other than title King, what exactly is the difference between a King King Isayas and President for life Isayas Afreworki.

    Berhe

  • haileTG

    Hi Alex,

    It is amazing in the business world, the train usually has left the station before an eye blink. I have first hand information of individuals who are dealing with the Embassy. As I said I can’t make much commentary about this. The point is to state that a new economic reality is unfolding and how this would impact the struggle . Otherwise, even if the embassy was only open for few hours, for those high up the business ladder that is too long.

    • Hope

      Selam Hailat:
      I agree;and I would rather welcome it and will be part of it ASAP.
      I don’t see any problem with that but expect a huge positive outcome.
      Let the Eri Business community enjoy that freedom of doing business in Ethiopia after being HOSTAGES of the PFDJ destructive economic policy, if there was any.
      They just have to be cautious by learning a LESSON from the Meles Era business so that they will NOT lose their life-time earning overnight besides being COMPLIANT with/to the Business Laws of the Host Country.
      This kind of news helps to neutralize the toxic propaganda that the Ethiopians are going to control Aseb and Massawa
      They have to keep away their savings to the Swiss banks or other safe places.

    • Alex

      Hi haileTG,
      If that is true then that it a big lose to Eritrea. I hope the people inside and outside who can make a big difference push PFDJ to open business since PFDJ monopoly is killing our private business which should be the engine for growth in the country.

      • haileTG

        Selam Alex,

        This is where it gets problematic, i.e. when we in the diaspora are only caught up in the political aspect and those at home are eyeing for any emerging opportunities. In fact, when I had that type of conversation with certain people who are planning to expand to Ethiopia (they already have some investments in Eritrea too), I found it impossible to interject with the type of discussion that you and me are having. It simply seemed out of place because their priorities were implied by the way they were talking. I hope you get what I mean, when some one is enthusiastic about something and they are involving their money in the matter, we were simply not in the same wave length. As you said, if the diaspora opposition can have organic link with such people, then it is easy to talk in the same terms. This is the reason that we need to accept (even bitterly) the fact that a separate diaspora opposition is no longer valid because facts have changed and are rapidly changing in the ground. We need a whole different model altogether.

  • Hayat Adem

    Hi all,
    It was really hostoric and extraordinary to witness Zalanbessa. It felt like the downfall of the Berlin Wall. It was that great. Debrtsion’s speech was very strong but the unfolding of the event was larger than any speech.
    I also do beleive Abraham Afewerki’s presence was for a reason of what we have suspected him since 2001.
    If no regular political and institionalized system of power transition and transfer are not put in place; if you preside over many unsettled political matters of grave magnitude; if you have been making many shadowy decisions as a leader no public discourse and conversation were allowed to accompany them; if you as a leader shelved a ratified constitution and promised to write a new one and yet diaregarded that too; if you were telling your people to endure a hardahip from a regional isolation because of a border that had to be demarcated before any deal and you were shooting bullets at people who tried to cross the broder and yet
    yourself have crossed it waving an olive leaf without explaining those 20 years of hardship and shoot-to-kill policies; if you are an internationally incriminated leader of having commited crimes against humanity on your own people; if you, as a leader, openly declared that no national election to pick a leader would be allowed in the country in decades time; ….
    AND THEN if you flash the face of your son in selected important national and international events, the same son who happens to be rumored as a heir… you can sin a reaonable sin of suspecting the son of intentions of continuity and managing all the mess.

    • Abraham H.

      Dear Hayat, one thing is very clear; the nsu nhna are going to accept the eventual ascension of Abraham Isayas to power with great fanfare. Because they would have to continue to worship someone related with their god. I would also claim that the Abiy gov, if it succeeds to hold power for the foreseable future, would encourage and support such a power transfer in Eritrea in order to secure a continuity of the deals it has been signing with the authoritarian leader.

    • Paulos

      Selam Hayat,

      We are in for a long haul. Fathers pass on inheritance to their kids as in a house or a piece of land. Isaias truly believes Eritrea is a piece of land he owns and he pass it on to his son. One major obstacle to the transfer of power was not the willingness of the people but the neighborhood. And he has made peace with the neighbors so that his son would have it easy. As for the people, Isaias says, what people? Reminiscent of a retort to Aljazerra’s question when he snapped–what election?

      • haileTG

        Hi Paulos,

        I want to be a devil”s advocate:) what would it change to have the young Abraham as a President? Suppose, IA Eritrea becomes slightly better under the son’s leadership, would that be worse? The struggle may have a better chance of success under AIA than IA..my point is that if Eritreans are proving unresponsive to their responsibility as Berhane said to decide their destiny, would it make practical difference in who would be lording over them. Of course, I don’t believe in all these that I said but who is insane here, the ruled or the ruler?

        • Paulos

          Selam HaileTG,

          Fair point. The Eritrean present condition is not unique or an exception. Nations have gone through similar upheavals and collective anxieties as they tried to chart better and enduring ways. And democratic institutions have thus far proven to be the best way forward not only in nation building but in ensuring equal political dividend to the people and for the people as well.

          There are no children of lesser gods, neither are Abraham’s cohorts where they should be accorded the same opportunity should any of his peers aspire for the highest Office.

          If a one man rule was bad enough under Isaias, it can not be better under a one man rule under Abraham either. Your hypothetical may defy and discount a rebellious human spirit and in that kind of scenario, as you argued, one may settle for a “lesser evil” but your hypothetical loses ground for the mere fact that, one can not count the Eritrean people out based on today’s collective beaten and exhausted disposition, they can always rise up tomorrow and that is precisely the reason the struggle for justice and basic rights must continue. We were born to be hopeful not to lose hope no matter what the circumstances are. The Sun will always rise to beat the darkness! And it always does!

          • haileTG

            Thanks Paulos. I agree totally.

    • Mitiku Melesse

      Hei, Hayat.
      You and Deberetsion was against the peace process because the no peace no war was the cow milk of your beloved tplf. And as a typical tplf turned your self by 180 and hurrah hurrah. But that doesnt change what happened on the ground on Zalanbessa. It was beyond what word can explain to witness how the people reacted to join their family, neighbors, etc.

      But you as a person couldnt you learn nothing from the soldeirs who hugged and shake hand after all what they have gone through. What kind of hearts you tplf people have? Now you move on another gossip since your biggest source buried for good. You were praying Debrtsion’s family can not be separated mantra in Mekele city.

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Hayat,
      Nice to have you back. Dictators are so myopic that they fail to see precedents. Hosni Mubarak did precisely what you written about the despot in our land, and poured more oil on slippery road to his fate. His grooming of his son, Jemal, added pace to the momentum to January Tahrir Square mass uprisal that had cealled his fate. What the despot in our homeland has started could be a kind of blessing in disquise. But the unfortunately thing that could happen is that he will put his son’s future at risk just for the sake of satiation of his ego and adiction to power and continuation of treacherous project against the best interest of our people.

    • Hope

      Selam Ms Hayat:

      Welcome back…Wondering where you have been hiding around. Are you done with the phases of your grief now?

      It sounds like that.

      Dr. Debretsion’s Speech impressed you?

      A guy, who does not know how to talk or express himself in his own mother tongue besides his flip-flopping and confusing stands as well as his cheap and childish “ye mender politika” talk?

      You declared your CHEAP shot saying:

      “AND THEN if you flash the face of your son in selected important national and international events, the same son who happens to be rumored as a heir… you can sin a reasonable sin of suspecting the son of intentions of continuity and managing all the mess.”

      You seem to care or to be concerned more about Abreham Afewerki’s “Heirship” rather than appreciating the miraculous peace process, as you alluded it correctly by testifying about the fall of the “Ethio-Eritrea Berlin wall”, which seemingly and apparently was an absolutely impossible thing.

      Come on girl, use common sense.

      Who cares if Abreham takes over his cruel Dad, at least for now,as long as Eritrea and Eritreans start breathing a fresh air of peace and tranquility….and start living a normal life.

      Plus,it will be easier to handle Abreham compared to his Dad,who is endowed with 50 yrs of experience of brutal Organizational Security.

      Anything else?

      I thought you guys ran out of any propaganda?

      • David Samson

        Selam Hope,

        In the UK, if one does not have a flip-flop trait, one can not make it in politics. Tigray tends to produce the most flip-flops, and it is a good quality to have it if one aspires to be a politician. Abay Tsehaye has masters on flip-flop. I reckon, he is the only politician from Habesha, who potential can make a career in UK politics. Dr. Debretsion is the worsts lot. He should have been a geography teacher; he needs to grow a beard which fits well with being a teacher.

        You said,
        “A guy, who does not know how to talk or express himself in his own mother tongue”.

        Boy! Glad you brought it.
        I have been pleading to many Kebessa Zombies not to buy the cheap and smear lies by some Tigrayan elites that we hailed from Tigray. How one can claim to be a native, yet one does not speak one’s native language? It is mind-boggling. Dr Bereket Mengisteab came to my rescue. Please listen to his latest interviews. If I were the award body, I would have snatched the PHDs away from Zombies holders and instead award to him. I think his should be titled: Lord Bereket Mengisteab. It is ‘Kab Mihro Aemro’.

        Have you also watched the opening of the borders’ video from TV-Tigray? It is about 144-minutes long. If Dr. Debretsion’s speech makes asleep, the commentator voice and tone will make you to take a cold shower after watching it for five-minutes.

    • ሰላማት ሓያት ኣደም፡

      “ምስ ደቂ ትግራይ ሰናይ መዓልቲ፣ ምስ ደቂ ኤረይ ሰናይ መዓልቲ፠፨”

      As for the rest, as you were.

      tSAtSE

  • Nitricc

    Hi All; you know how I get Kim Hanna whenever I say African mentality. He gets up in arms when ever I use that word. Since then I have stopped using the word but to day; I got a good case to use it once more. I don’t know what it is but Africans, excluding Eritrea, never take responsibility. There was near-miss mid air collision between Ethiopian airlines and the Italian one. Thanks for the brave Ethiopian pilot, the accident was avert. You will think the Kenyan aviation takes this opportunity to improve safety, NO! they blamed the Ethiopian air traffic controllers. They said; This happened because Ethiopian air traffickers attempted strike. The mistake was done well in Kenyan Airspace, how exactly is the Ethiopians responsibility? This can happen only in Africa and the works of African mentality.

    • Nowinc

      Nitricc,
      The problem with you white folks is that you think you all know African mentality. You don’t.

      • Nitricc

        Nowin; Yes we do. Why do you think whenever you fight each other come to the white man? why do you think the white man throws you a bag of corn in exchange for a bag of gold. But there is a good news, you are no longer owned by the white people. China is buying you out for 60 billion dollars. What surprise me and equally saddens me is, you never learn to improve your people’s life. you just live for yourself like a big.

        • Kim Hanna

          Selam Nitricc,

          Never mind about white people, God save us from Yeabesha Ferenj. I wanted to ask you about the article, did you read it? It was about PMAA.

          I read it twice because the conclusion he wrote seems to contradict the body of the article. I could write an opposite article to his and use the same conclusion he wrote. I would say he was very critical of PMAA to a point of being totally pessimistic about the future. He used the word conjecture at one point, could you say something optimistic about about PMAA to complete it.

          Mr. K.H

          P.S: You were right about PIA accepting the peace deal of PMAA before anyone, I was 100% sure he would not. I was wrong.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Kim; due to time constraint and the predictability of the writers, No I didn’t read. I just jump in to the comments. I get enough information from the people they comment. However, don’t expect the PIA haters to be nice to PMAA. They are extremely hurt that PIA didn’t pulled out from fox-hole by TPLF military forces. They are angry when PMAA failed to confront PIA about his administration. They are not happy that PIA went to Addis not Mekelle. They stunned PIA received a hero welcome. Things went totally to the opposite what they have hoped for. Now, how exactly would you expect the author to be fair and be optimistic? Regarding PMAA; he is doing a good job but it is not easy to clean up what your favorite TPLF thugs left behind. Even today The Ethiopians were at each other throat about flag. you guys need to be one and strong to help PMAA to succeed. if not, things can get a little hairy.

  • Ethiopian_one

    Great questions posed in this article. And much will remain to be seen. Abiy’s approach of friendliness is the only one way of engaging his neighbors at this juncture. Wouldn’t make sense to start things off by ostracizing Leaders. It is my hope that Abiy will have a positive influence on Leaders in the Horn in considering their population as the primary asset of one’s nation.

  • Paulos

    Selam My Good People,

    I just finished reading a terse article appeared on “Eritrea Digest” under the heading, “Finally, Our Peace Dividend” where the writer aptly alludes that Isaias II as in Abraham Isaias Afwerki with all the telltale signs is an heir apparent to a well established dynasty.

    Tegadalai Birhin says, Isaias should resign when Isaias dreams of 1000 years reign with a succession of his blood and iron clad grip as well. The year 1066 marked the beginning of the Norman Dynasty in Englad and still in power to this day.

    • David Samson

      Selam Paulos,
      You see, it is I told you so moment!
      IA is a typical dictator. Saddam had tried it, Ghedaffi too. IA and his family fate will not be different.

      • Paulos

        Selam David,

        I am not sure what to say or think to be honest. All I can say is, ኤሪትራ ኣይተዓደለትን!

        • David Samson

          Selam Paulos,

          Margaret Thatcher: “And where there is despair, may we bring hope.”
          I believe things will not be as bad as 20-years ago. IA can not and will not keep the status quo.

          • Blink

            Dear David
            Do you really believe the Addis dancer and his spin chief idea that Eritrea will be ruled by Abraham issias ? First the guy knows nothing about Abraham second issias will surprise everyone but not by giving Abraham to rule Eritrea.The spin master is out of any gossip like ( Eritrea helped Al shebab, wage war over Sudan , Djibouti, Ethiopia and Yemen ) so he has to invent new one . But this Abraham thing is not only horrible but idiotic freedom to write , still better than accusing part of Eritrean society, I sometimes read the British tabloid websites just to see weird news done by drunk goers . I believe the book seems to loose steam due to its content , mine is halfway through to my address .

          • David Samson

            Selam Blink,

            Let put aside the question of who said it. IA, like many dictators in history, will try to hand-over his reign to his sons. You are entitled to disagree that he would not do it. Why do you think dictators stay in power for so long, despite they face many upheavals and crisis during their reigns? It is simple: it is extremely difficult to predict their actions and moves. They can do a ‘U’ and an ‘O’ turns on their whims. Those who oppose dictators will not shy away from making predictions because predictions will likely turn out to be false.
            I told a rumour I heard to one of my HGDF’S friends: IA’s sons had spent some time holidaying in Dubai. He went berserk! As usual with ‘Nsu’ fans, they demand proof, and will not believe a word unless it is from TV-Eri. When we met a week later, he told me he watched all GOE’s news outlets and is unable to find this rumour. What a ‘Numpty’!
            One of the potent weapon of a dictator is ‘Information blackout. So, I am not going to apologise to anyone and certainly do not feel ashamed if any rumour turns out to be false. I have left with no other option, but to make a prediction based on incomplete information. If we all wait until to be told by dictator media, we are all dead. The ball is in dictator’s court to give us a free and an independent media.

    • Berhe Y

      Hi Paulos,

      Long time ago (about 8 years ago) with people from work (one Chinese and one Korean) we were discussing dictators. I remember what the Chinese guy said “we are lucky. Chairman Mao didn’t have a son”.

      Since that time I was convinced, Eritrea faith will be that of N. Korea unless he is forced out of office. But I think most people discounted the idea when I mentioned that IA will transfer power to his son. The reason being, they said his son is not that smart and some said “ayrebuHn eyu”.

      This may be valid point but he doesn’t have to smart / canning like his father because he will have enough people who will be doing most of the things for him.

      It makes a lot of sense once you start looking things from his son point of view. When his father leaves, what it become of him and his family? I think his options are very limited.i don’t think he can live in Eritrea freely as the crimes of father uncovered day in and day out. I am not implicating him or suggesting he is responsible but his options are limited. The best case senario is to continue his father legacy and ride the power until when ever he can.

      That’s why I think we should work with the assumption that nothing good will come out in Eritrea as long as IA and his PFDJ are in power.

      David, I agree the current development makes the regime to crack and exploited better.

      Berhe

      • Paulos

        Selam Berhe,

        As you have aptly put it, one doesn’t necessarily have to be smart to be a dictator, the bare minimum is disregard to any human appeal. Abraham is certainly his own person. He is not Isaias but may not be terribly bright to have an ideal view of the world much less of Eritrea.

        If Tedla Bairu had stayed in power, he may have made his son Hiruy an heir apparent. That is to say that, power clinges and mimics genetic inheritance. What is so absurd is the fact that we are about to witness a power transfer in this day and age when that kind of archaic power dynamics is relegated to the distant past.

        Abraham can assume power only through democratic channels where people own the absolute and unconditional power either to vote him in or vote him out. For that to happen however, a lot of work and political will and courage are needed as in to implement the Constitution in tandem with political institutions including Rule of Law, Accountability and Transparency among others. If he ascends through proper channels and through the will of the majority, then we will be glad and proud to call him “President Abraham Isaias.”

      • Blink

        Dear Berhe
        Do you truly believe what you are saying about the threat to issias kids if Issaias lose power ?Do you know any kid killed because his father was the trigger happy of Dergi , Who killed these Deki kedaat after 1991 ? I think the stress is making you guys say stupid stuff every second.

        One day federation ,another day “Eritrea sold to Ethiopia, the next day Eritrea is co owned by Somalia and the next Abraham will lead Eritrea, what is wrong with you people, why the rash to idiotic assumptions? I hope you guys practice to give little chance to the Eritrean people after this process . Can’t you be nice dreamers ? Is this all you have at your 50th ? What kind of ideas do you guys get from your 10 years talking just like that. Come on do not join these spin doctors and get crazy . The post on Eritrea digest is just a tabloid propaganda that has zero credibility as that of “Sold” and that of NO MEDEMER Geneva group . Change will come in Eritrea but not by making lies and outlandish claims.

        • Haile S.

          Selam Blink and all,

          I also don’t think such “genetic” power transfer will be practical in Eritrea. First let me say this: a dictator is like a shepherd. BTW, I am not talking about our man, ምስ ኤሱ ካይተጻልኡኒ! A dictator looks his citizens like his herd of sheep that he takes care of so much ኣብ ልሙዕ ሳዕሪ የውዕለን፡ መገደን ይመርሐን፡ ጽሩይ ማይ የስትየን almost as in Psalm 23. With the difference that ምስ ደለየን ክ’ኣ ይሓርደን። When he gets old or incapacitated his trusted natural heir is his son, not even the daughter. Because he has no trust upon the dominant ram or his sheep-dog who practically and daily look aftet the flock. It has to be his son. Having said that, we Eritrean people are not yet the sheep. We just happen to have covered ourselves with a lot of wool of tolerance; tolerance to power, hunger, poverty and abuse in a bizzare respect of our hardly earned independence. I don’t think it will happen. If at all it happens, then we will become the true sheep in person.

        • Berhe Y

          Hi Blink,

          Please don’t change the subjects. I know all the Derg family members went to exile after Derg was toppled included his daughters.

          Berhe

          • Blink

            Dear Berhe
            I know a family member who was killed 2 meter away from his house by a coward Milisha sirnay . The man was a family man and has nothing to do with EPLF or any thing for that matter but he refused to throw one kid ( EPLF parents) from his house and the next day he was shot dead , the milisha sirnay guy got arrested in 1991 but after 10 years in 2001 he was released by PFDJ and his kids grow up with us knowing their father killed good family guy and now these deki milisha sirnay are in the group of Agazians saying many horrible things. Yes you are right Dergi top brass got away with murder and genocide but what about the Eritreans who sweated for Dergi and killed many innocent Eritreans?

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Blink,

            I don’t know what you are talking about. Please don’t change the subject.

            It’s everything goes. For example, Siam Ali is in prison for over 6 years (arrested when she was 15), apparently as a punishment for her father.

            Estifanous Measho is in jail from the day of independence, for 27 years for his involvement with Derg. I don’t know if any crime he has commited.

            Eritrea under PFDJ is not a country that has laws which are followed and one can make reasonable argument.

            Berhe

      • saay7

        Berhe:

        Dictators phase in their kids or their brothers and nephews (in polsci it’s literally called “family dictatorship”) they don’t wake up one Monday morning and say “here he is.” They phase them in. They HAVE to do that because they spent years destroying all institutions including the party and making enemies they fear that nobody but their family member will continue their legacy.

        Isaias Afwerki is no different. Abraham Isaias Afwerki was first phased in to the public eye in a ceremonial event (burial ceremon); then in the Abiy visit to Asmara; and now…consider this:

        At the reopening of the border, Ethiopia was represented by its head of government, its foreign minister and its defense minister. Eritrea was represented by its head of government, its foreign minister, and….no defense minister. No chief of staff. There are no Sebhat Ephrems or Philipos… just a bunch of flunkies and Abraham Isaias Afwerki.

        The thing to remember about all heir apparent to dictatorships is that they were always ridiculed first (Syria’s Bashar was particularly ridiculed) but that doesn’t stop the tyrant because he has spent years destroying everything. Who else is he going to trust (think what’s happening to Mugabes loot now). In terms of qualifications, well, Abraham interrupted his aeronautics engineering studies to be fast tracked.

        saay

        • Abraham H.

          Selam Saay, may be that is the reason why DIA has kept the position of the minister of defense vacant since many years ago. I cannot grasp of a ministry of defense without a minister to oversee its daily activities. In particular it is really weird in case of Eritrea, where the regime has been telling the people, that it was engaged in the war of survival, including direct military threats. He is keeping the position vacant, so that when he realises the time is right, to promote his son to the postion. And as we know, in poor third world countries like those of ours, those who control the military, the most important and real institution, also control the entire power.

          • saay7

            Selamat Abraham:

            One more clue: there hasn’t been an Eritrean vice-president. The constitution, which lays out the mechanism is suspended and is unlikely to be re-drafted. Remember in 2015, they told my buddy Brownyn they are drafting it (she dutifully reported it) and now, in 2018, they told Bloomberg reporter they haven’t started it but will soon.

            More dots:

            * A few years ago, EriMedrek reported that Abraham Isaias Afwerki was getting tutored in political science by a Brit and a Belgian professor and in military science by trainers from Russia and UAE. All in his neighborhood of Space 2001.

            * A few years before that, Madote reported that he, at age 26, had married his girlfriend.

            Lock and load.

            Recently, he was introduced to Eritrea’s Minister of Everything (Prime Minister Abiy.) And now, he is touring the opening of the Eritrea-Ethiopia border although none in his job title (he doesn’t have one) qualifies him for that.

            The people who say “that will never happen in Eritrea!” and get all outraged are funny. As if they have any power over anything. Their only power is the volume they will use to cheer it. They have some rose-color glass they wear: they are the same ones who say there is no corruption in Eritrea. They pretend they have the power to stop it, after pretending that naming his son as his successor would be the most outrageous thing he would have done. It wouldn’t even make it to the Top 10 or Bottom 10.

            Incidentally, the boss (Saudi king) has summoned his East African delegates (Isaias and Abiy) to jeddah for this Sunday, according to Egyptian Al-Ahram, so they can sign another agreement whose detailed nobody will see.

            saay

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Saay,

            I was trying to make a connection when IA visited his

          • saay7

            Selamat Berhe:

            You mean when he visited his modest villa that has no bodyguards.

            In the 27 years Eritrea has been unfortunate enough to have Isaias in charge, when was the last time he invited Eritreans to his home? That would be never.

            Sure, it is entirely possible that abraham and beautiful daughter were just visiting with grandma when Isaias just showed up.

            My point is that naming his son as his successor is consistent with what many dictators do and nobody should be surprised if he does (it’s not like there are institutional checks and balanced) and if he does, it won’t be the most outrageous thing he has done. Throwing freedom fighters away into dungeons is. Once he gauged that the reaction from the Nehna Nsu and from the permanently confused is muted, everything else is easy.

            saay

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Saay,

            I think a lot of Ethiopians have bought the ploy and are admiring him for that. The other day I was talking to an Ethiopian who was visiting from the state and he told me how IA is Chewa.

            I think most Ethiopians, at least those that oppose the TPLF are really blown by it and may be it’s understandable. I think they are comparing with their case in proportion, and they are convinced what he does is for the better of the country. For example, Horizon keeps repeating that over 10 billion (may be its in US dollars) have been stolen in the last 10 years. I really can’t put my head around that number, when Ethiopian debt is around 40billiin.

            Another thing is that, because we in Eritrea are frozen in time and I find the way they act and appear looks totally different. For example, the whole security around the PM and how the body guard dress, walk is different, it’s like watching American movie. Even the way the speak, for examine when IA visited and the MC what he was saying, including in English, it really looks like America show.

            So I want to understand where they are coming from and why they find all that appealing in Eritrea.

            I saw the video of Andargachew Tsige, I really had a chance to deliver a letter through a friend to him when he visited Toronto (not sure if the fried would have agreed) but I hope I did. I saw the interview at Eritrea Digest (I am not going to forgive for this to have me refer back and forth) but what he said:

            1) he said the leaders of Eritrea live like monk and how they are committed to principle and ideal
            2) he said, Eritrea will have a democratic government like Ethiopia. He said he is sure that EPLF will be the one to get it done and he was sure that they will win. And he added because the condition of the opposition.
            3) in his interview from 2011with ESAT, he said, he doesn’t understand why EPLF doesn’t hold elections with all the support they have locally.

            If this is what the political elite are thinking, I am guessing, this believe is all the way up, then I think it’s worthwhile to find ways to inflyace their thinking.

            How do we change our focus and attention to challenge him rather that empower him.

            I am thinking with all these Abraham Isayas Afeworki thing, may be we are giving them idea how our reaction will be when that happens.

            Berhe

          • Paulos

            Selam Berhe,

            Next time they say he is ጭዋ, ask them about the whereabouts of Captain [Pilot] Bezabeh Petros.

          • Haile S.

            Selam Paul,
            መቸም ካብዛ ርእሲ እዚ ሰብኣይ ኣይትወርድን ኢኻ:-)። What is your defonition and understanding of ጭዋ or ጨዋ? Though I am waiting for a concise answer, you are likely going to travel to the left cortices of the brain, the neurotransmitters and who knows even the skin:-) ; therefore, I will read you in the morning, it is getting late here.
            Good night

          • Paulos

            G. Morning Hailat,

            Ha ha, በቃ ሎምስ ከም ዘጎምፎ ሓሲብካኒ ስቕ ኢሉ ካብ ሓደ ናብ ሓደ ዝነጥር፣

            I would say, ጨዋነት is decency. No?

          • David Samson

            Selam Paul,
            According to Amanuel Sahle, it is ‘Gentle’

          • Haile S.

            Good morning Paul,
            ዘይበልኩ! ነግራም። ንግርምና ካባይ ተማሂርካ ይመስለኒ። ዘገንፎ ብግጥሚ ስለዝጀመረ፡ ናይ ዓወተ ዘገንፎ ኣነ ጥራይ ኢየ ክኸውን ዝኽእል፡ ካብትን ናብትን ስለዝነጥር። “ዝኾነ ኮይኑ፡ ንዓይ ተኸናኸኑ” ትብል ኣሞይ ሻሹ። ዝኾነ ኮይኑ ካብቲ ጥዑምን ነዊሕን ዕላልካ፡ ባዕለይ እንጀራይ ዓጽየ። ንነገሩ እባ፣ ዘገንፎ ሰንበል እንዳ ‘ጽሉላት’ ምስ ኣእተውዎ፡ ምስ ኣዕሩኽተይ ኮንና በጺሕናዮ። ውሽጥ ምእታው ንተራ ሰብ ዝፍቀድ ስለዘይነበረ፡ ብደገ ብትሪኮላታ ኮንና ከነዛርቦ ፈቲንና። ግና ሽዑ ምዝራብ ኣብዩ። ከም ቀደሙ ቦለቲካ ከይዛረብ፡ ፈዊሶሞ ኢልና ንሓስብ ኔርና።
            ጭዋ/ ጨዋ ኩላትና ከምኡ ኢና ንርድኦ። ጌጋ እውን ኣይኮነን። እቲ ቃል ኣመጻጽእኡ ዝምልከቶን ግና ንዓዲን ዓውድን ዘለዎ፡ ወዲ ሃገር፡ ተለዓል ተባሂሉ ንሃገሩ ዝከላኸል ወተሃደር ማለት እዩ። ብሓጺሩ ኣንጻር ናይ ባርያ፡ ንብረትን ዓድን ዘይብሉ። እዚኣ ው’ድሓንካ። በል ሎምስ ኣነ እየ ካብትን ናብትን ዝበልኩ፡ ዝዘንገፍኩ!

          • Paulos

            Selam Hailat,

            Of course I was messin with you. Zegenfo was quite a character. I remember and I might say regrettably making fun of him.

            One of the very few people I enjoy reading and listening to is Hiruy Tedla Bairu. The man got not only a lot of class but sharp and witty as they come as well. I would vote for him in a heartbeat, should he runs for office.

            The reason I brought him back is that, I remember him saying interesting stuff about the origins of the word ጭዋ in one of his series of interviews when he was promoting his new book. He said, the word derived from ሽዋ where back in the days anybody who hailed from ሽዋ was considered as decent. And the word got corrupted down the line into ጭዋ።

          • Haile S.

            Paul፡ Abi and all,
            “anybody who hailed from ሽዋ was considered ጨዋ”. Well could be, but it looks because the words rhyme.
            Let me please Abi by quoting this ሰምና ወርቅ I got from dictionary.

            ሸዋ የጨዋ ልጅ የተበደላችሁ
            ትግሬም የጨዋ ልጅ የተበደላችሁ
            ንጉሥ ለመስቀል ጎንደር ግቡ ኣሏችሁ።

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam Haile S.,

            I don’t know about Abi but I am pleased about the Shoa conversation.
            I am still mining for the gold, taking a little break from it, I want to correct your ambiguous phrase of ….Well could be…to…It is.

            Mr. K.H

          • Saleh Johar

            Kim,
            Habte can correct me but the catch is Meskel, 1) the holiday, and 2) Hanging the king

          • Haile S.

            Selam Kim Hanna,
            ኣባ ሃና ብል የተሳሳትኩ ይመስልዎታል? Sorry, I mis-expressed myself. Of course ሸዋ is ጨዋ. Even just for the sake of the most intimate Shewan friend I had. What I was doubting was ሸዋ being the origin of the word ጨዋ.
            ወርቁ’ማ ለ ኣባ ሃና የማይቻል የለም!

          • David Samson

            Selam Haile,
            I have already replied to Paulos.
            According to Amanuel Sahle, it is ‘Gentle’.
            Amharic also use the same word. Who is the word smith in Amharic?

          • Haile S.

            Selam David,
            I am not a linguisits ot man of litrature. But I can say, I am a tireless digger (ፍሒራ፡ Aardvark) to understand our history (Erit-Ethi) and the meaning and origin of tigrigna words and expression. What I found for ጨዋ is what I mentioned earlier. We can also add ጨዋ means a free one (ሓራ ሰብ)።
            As for the amharic wordsmith in this forum, I would say Abi.

          • Paulos

            Selam Hailat,

            That is Marxist interpretation of languages. Language itself is a class conscious if you will where you’re alluding that one ought to conjure up a slave [ባርያ] in order to define what ጨዋ is. More over, that is precisely what Theory of Information is all about where it is not only relational but in this case, the absolute meaning of ጨዋ is not in itself so to speak but its information is embedded in the very idea of [ባርያ.]

            As a side not, that was the reason Jaques Deridda’s “Deconstructionism” took the Literary world by storm particularly in the late 80s and 90s as well.

          • Abrehet Yosief

            Aya Haile,
            Here is a continuation:
            በኣሉ ካለፈ ትንሽ ዘግይታቹ
            ወደ ሰሜን ሂዱ የሚሰቀል ኣላቹ

          • Haile S.

            Welcome back Abrehet,
            ኣብረሀት ሓውተይ እንቋዕ ብደሓን መጻእኪ
            ኣበይ ደ’ኣ ቀኒኺ ገሽኪ ናበይ ገጽኪ
            ኣይተጸመውና ደው ኣይተብሊ ምልካይ ጸበልኪ
            ብስኩዕ ግጥምኺ ብጥዑም ቃላትኪ።

          • Paulos

            ሰለም ፍትውትን ክብርትን ሓፍተይ,

            ሰናይ እዩ ኣብዚ መድረኽ ዳግም ክንርእየኪ፣ ብዙሕ ጎዲልክና፣ ዘጥፋኣኪ ምኽንያት ብጸቕጢ ናይ ስራሕ እምበር ብኻልእ ከይከውን ተስፋ ንገብር።

            ነ’ያ ሃይለ’ኳ ደሃይኪ ካብ ምሕታት ዓዲ ኣይዋዓልናን፣ ሓደ ክልተ ጊዜ ዝኸው ኣብ ጻህያይ ሓደ ጊዜ ድማ ኣብ ሩባ ወሪዳ ዓለባ ክትሓጽበ ር’ኤያ ኢሉና ድሕሪኡ ግን ደሃይኪ ከምዘይነበሮ ሓቢሩና፣ በልስኪ ድሕሪ ባሕቲ ደሃይኪ እንኳዕ ረኸብና።

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam haile s
            In old days “chawa” or “yechawa lij”means anybody with family background of resepected titles, like dagazemech, doctor…….

          • David Samson

            Selam Paulos,

            Have you ever noticed how Hiruy Tedla Bairu and his generation pronounce the word ‘archive’ /ˈɑː.kaɪv/? Instead of K as in cat, it is chi as in ciò in Italian. I was always curious to learn how they end up pronouncing the way they do. I know Hiruy studied in the UK in the 60s, but I have not heard anyone here with that pronunciation.

          • Paulos

            Selam David,

            You’re right. It made me wonder as well. I have heard people [ሓበሻ] who don’t know any word in Italian and who have gone to school here pronouncing it as ኣርቺቭ. And I really don’t know why.

          • Haile S.

            Selam Paul,
            You are silent, you might be busy, but I am also questioning myself on my supposed ዋዛ ምስ ቁምነገር quoting ኣሞይ ሻሹ this morning responding to this comment of yours. I was teasing you on your quote of your aunty yourself in the past. I regret invading your reserved environment, truly. First I apologize, if you find it offensive and out of line. Second sliding every memory into such kind “joke” is not right. Frankly, it was not a joke. When I do such twists, it is thinking about the good memories of our people living or parted.
            I hope you are silent because just simply you are busy, but I felt I was wrong in the first place. More importantly, I don’t want you be disgusted by such invassive comment. Truly sorry!

          • Paulos

            Selam Hailat,

            Not at all. I was just busy at work. That is the thing I love about you where you have the knack for a crisp ዋዛ ምስ ቁምነገር።

            You and ፍትውቲ ሓፍተይ are a well choreographed duo where you grace the Forum with a trove of wisdom among other great things. God bless!

          • saay7

            Selamat Berhe:

            The most effective propagandists are those who don’t know they are propagandists so I would take Andargachew in that vein.

            Actually, of all the Ethiopian politicos and activists, the one who will have the quickest break with Isaias Afwerki and the one who seems to genuinely care about things like civil liberties is Dr. Berhanu negga. When you get a chance, read a long interview he had with Addis Standard (in English) where he says that what worries him most about Ethiopia is not ethnic conflict or its ability to manage democracy but that it has lost its moral compass. (He blames Weyane for it.) The example he gives for Ethiopia losing its moral compass is the case of people rioting with nobody having the moral authority to say stop because, he says, all Ethiopian institutions–including the church and the mosque–have been corrupted.

            The rest of the Ethio opposition figures I don’t have much hope for in terms of them being future allies because they are unable to universalize their own experience.

            The change will come from Abiy. Sooner or later (sooner is my guess), Isaias will do something self-destructive (he didn’t show up to IGAD today and didn’t send a single delegate to a meeting where Eritrea was on the agenda twice).

            On Abraham: the most important thing to remember is that Isaias Afwerki has such monopoly of power if he wanted to do it, he could. It is not that he will be or, if he is, what kind of president he will be. That is what appears to be lost in the talk: the absolute power of Isaias Afwerki to do anything he wants and with not a single institution–no law, no party–capable of checking him. It is kinda like people saying, “he drives a modest car and wears modest clothes.” That is not the point, the point is if he wants to, he can have 17 Bentleys and wear new designer suits every day.

            saay

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam saay,

            There is nothing more unsettling to me than the heavy involvement of Saudi Arabia and UAE in Ethiopian politics.
            I KNOW, I will accept a certain amount of prejudice that will be attributed to me. I think this goes beyond that.

            A) I see a SA and UAE pouring in billions of “investment” money in Ethiopia’s economy, something never seen before.

            B) I see SA and UAE actively working and producing the reconciliation of Ethiopia and Eritrea.

            C) I sense the unknown unknowns in the works. The U.S, EU and all the rest have deferred their activities and are all in their camp (paranoia? o.k some)

            My problem: The A & B above was never part of their natural behavior in the history of their past, in fact quite the opposite. So what gives.
            I am not sure if it is all about Yemen, at least in Ethiopia’s case. Iran cannot be all the answer.

            So, what do you, saay, think are the most likely scenarios of this 180 degree turn of events in regard to SA and UAE?

            Mr. K.H

          • Paulos

            Selam Ato Kim Hanna,

            Hayat was right about Abiy all along!

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam Paulos,

            In the past, my educated guesses had been, on balance, fairly good until the end of the year 2016. Mr Trump got elected president of the U.S, that, I believe, was my shock therapy.

            Ever since that day my educated guesses, on balance, became suspects.
            With that caveat, Hayat made an emotional statement. It was unlike her, not to give a full plate of reasons beyond the political alliances. I hope she is absolutely wrong about the man, but we will have to wait.
            The visible signs are the PM is playing his acrobatics very well under the circumstances. A leaders quality is judged by the results.

            Mr K.H

          • saay7

            Mr KH:

            My answer is so conventional on this it will bore you. If you still want to read, it’s a confluence of events:

            1. A new king in Saudi Arabia who doesn’t want to contain but defeat Iran. His son equated it with evil empire constantly attempting to expand its sphere of influence in the Arabian Sea (Oops I mean Persian Sea.)
            2. A new president in the US who views Iran the same way: evil
            3. The total and complete collapse of Egypt into a country whose sole export is soap operas (even on that Turkey is now competing)
            4. Speaking of Turkey, its trotting all over the world for influence when Saudi Arabia had a dying king. The new king and son want to aggressively reverse that.
            5. The desire to crush Al Jazeera and with it tiny Qatar
            6. A bunch of poor, shaky countries in East Africa (horn of Africa) whose sole product is fertile land, for farming to people with no arable land (Ethiopia), and virgin waters for military bases and commerce (Eritrea Djibouti Somaliland Somalia)

            If it makes you happy, your country has navigated this very well: getting loans and grants from Saudi/UAE PLUS their enemies Qatar and Turkey. Then China AND World Bank.

            Our guy? He will do anything for money. We are the only country where the tenants (UAE) bomb the landlord (Afar Eritreans). Any other country in the Horn, whether that’s Ethiopia or Somalia or Djibouti would have demanded answers or kicked them out. Not our guy: anything for money.

            saay

          • Aligaz G

            Selam Mr K.H.,

            A. You have a short memory :). Saudi money in the person of Al Amoudi has been invested in Ethiopia for a long time now. Under Meles Saudi Star was given half of Gambela while another entity Midroc took all the gold and half of Addis. Shouldn’t be so easy to forget all this unless it’s the typical habesha out of sight out of mind when it comes to our incarcerated Sheik.

            B. The direct involvement of Saudi and Emirates is a new development (ahistorical). But the first glimpses of a “muscular” interventionist foreign policy outside ME proper was seen with their active role in the election of Trump. And if you remember Trump wanted Hilary arrested during the election and Rice immediately after the election. Trump’s goal in life ever since election has been to undo Obama’s legacy anywhere and everywhere. You can fill in the rest from here. BTW the Sheik was used often by TPLF to directly influence Hilary when she was Sec of State. A gigantic and unholy bleepfest.

            C. As Rumsfeld said there are many unknowns but the biggest jokers were Abiy and a rejuvenated (late life crises?) Isaias.

            It is my recommendation you kick back and enjoy the great game underway in our neighborhood. And the best part? Everything (plus real time reactions) is documented and YouTubed. Best time in history to be a professional historian.

            cheers

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam Aligaz G,

            Addressing just “A”, you are right Almoudi was out of mind. In the current conversation if he popped in mind, I probably would have pushed it back because 1/2 Ethiopian billionaire directing his investments to Ethiopia is not the same as Governments of SA and UAE directly “investing”.
            I put investing in quotes because Governments invest with a lot of strings and conditions attached. Strings and conditions we probably will never know. That was my point.

            BTW: Wasn’t there a promise made to release Almoudi to PMAA, what happened ?

            Mr. K.H

          • Aligaz G

            Hi Mr K.H.

            Trust me the Sheik was not just an ordinary investor in Ethiopia. Maybe the classic definition of a trojan horse. And the reason he is not released is because even Abiy cannot talk him out of prison if he even really tried.

            cheers

          • Aligaz G

            Mr K.H.,

            I know you are an astute observer but strictly for fun and games let’s look a bit more at the 1/2 Ethiopian Sheik.

            1. Money man for the former Saudi rulers who are now rivals of MBS
            2. Money man for TPLF who gave campaign donations to Hilary Clinton
            3. Money man for the Clinton Foundation
            4. Ergo multiple enormous enemies

            Now why would anyone expect Abiy to beg MBS to release the Sheik and cross Tump at the same time? Reminds me of the huge oil field found in the ogaden just a couple months ago. PR

            cheers

          • Saleh Johar

            Hi Aligaz,

            I have to admit that I treated the Amoudi connection lightly. That is even when a connected friend from Saudi Arabia mentioned it over a month ago. I was just not interested in the story for reasons I can not explain properly except that I thought the Amoudi (Ethiopians call him Alamudeen:-) ) involvement lazily. Your brief comment regarding the connection is probably the most insightful I read so far. It seems someone is being blackmailed, if not held hostage.

            Thank you

          • Aligaz G

            Dear Saleh,

            Actually you were not lazy it’s just the whole thing is so improbable but true. I actually like and respect the Sheik but they gambled everything and lost the vote by an extremely narrow vote and now Trumpian hell has broken loose. Sow the wind reap the whirlwind. But imagine if Hilary had won, the 100 yrs program of TPLF would have come true and much much more. BTW an election that was won was Dr Tedros for WHO Chief and guess what? our Sheik (surprise surprise)was once again the money man. A classic case of wag the dog. All crazy

          • Selam Kim Hanna,

            Hegemonic desires and at the same time the drive for survival are the two main reasons for their increased interest in the horn of africa.

            Oil, the black gold has its fate sealed in that with time it will become a useless and undesirable commodity due to pollution and climate change it has already caused.

            To a certain extent proximity and ample fertile land and water (the future gold and means of survival) of the countries of the horn that can feed the 25mn saudis and 1mn uaes, is part of the equation. Already, ethiopia and sudan have become the fruit-vegetable gardens of the arab countries of the region. Saudis are consuming ethiopian rice, and it will be followed with different farm products.

            DIA with his Eritrea whose affiliation that cannot be dependable is brought nearer to ethiopia so that it will not continue to be their problem. In addition, DIA must be feeling the weight of these arab countries who may be demanding a favor for favor, which puts him in a precarious position, and he is quick to align himself with ethiopia for security reasons. Small countries like eritrea could easily be crushed in this game of the giants and she needs a reliable support.

            The americans, the eu and arab states on one side, and russia, turkey and iran on the other, are in a hurry to gain influence in the red sea. Last time the eu was complaining that it is almost absent from africa, while the chinese and russians (recently) are roaming the continent.

            Finally, one can dare say that the old conservative and fundamentalist islam most probably cannot continue as it is, and it will be replaced by a more moderate islam, for there is not the will by the young to continue the philosophy of extreme islam, and there will not be the money power to support it for long. Because it is the time to wear the right outfit and not the XXL sizes (there is an example for that), these arab countries in a decade or two will be forced to behave in a normal way, and their hegemonic desire will have deflated.

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam Horizon,

            I was going to respond to your post with my own take. However, as I type this I am listening to a committee hearing in U.S house on C-SPAN 2. I live in the western U.S. So I will defer my response and pay attention to this show at hand.

            Mr. K.H

          • Amde

            Hi Horizon

            Everybody has hegemonic desires..
            እንደ አቅሚቲ…

            It’s the means that is the issue.

            Sometimes I think the ኢትዮጵያዊነት idea can become a perfect hegemony engine. For now we are desperately poor so it is a great tool for peace and prosperity in the right hands, but be wary if we were rich.

            It just happens that our new overlords seem to want an integrated and peaceful horn. Abiy seems to be capitalizing on the opportunity fast.

            መልካም አዲስ አመት

            Amde

          • Selam Amde,

            Indeed, the history of human society seems to be that of ‘የበላይነት እንደ አቅሚቲ’ as you very well said. The bigger the power and the means, the bigger the domination and the longer the period. It seems that we are passing from a western dominated world of the 20th century and earlier, to an eastern dominated world of the 21st century and beyond.

            Our neighbors (regional arab states) who are practising ‘እንደ አቅሚቲ የበላይነት’ will last until the power of oil is still there, which does not seem to be long lasting. In the future, among the blessed will be those endowed with fertile land and abundant water.

            For the time being and maybe for a long time to come, unlike in the past, the ‘ኢትዮጵያዊነት’ idea is a call for survival first and foremost, and the means to avoid disintegration, because ethnic nationalism is ethiopia’s achilles’ heel and her nightmare that could destroy her.

            Most probably, for good or worse, the future is going to belong to those who adopt and control technology, and not those who call upon their narrow ethnic roots, their old heroes and demons. Certainly, if ethiopians and eritreans are to go through the new century with their backward mentality, they will be among the endangered species.

            In my opinion, if ethiopia plays rightly the power game, there is a chance that she is an eligible regional power, and the rapprochement between ethiopia and eritrea is meant most probably to reinforce this. The front between the developing world powers of the future and the old world powers is shifting to the red sea area and the narrow straits, and all of them want to have a strong footing in the region and africa in general. Countries of the region will be either benefitters or loser depending how they play their cards and how things develop. In general terms, again resource-rich africa could be the battleground for the new power alignment, the ones who are in a hurry to gain rights and others who do not want to lose their past gains. Time will show.

            መልካም አዲስ አመት።

          • saay7

            Selam Sir Amde:

            Ah, here comes another fuzzy as peach term: ኢትዮጵያነት

            What does it mean, and how is it different from ኢትዮጵያ ት ትቅደም (Ethiopia First.). Is it MEGFO (Make Ethiopia Great For Once)

            But seriously, what does it mean? Remember I asked the same question of my dearly departed (it’s september) Gheteb when was defining Eritreanism.

            saay

          • Amde

            Aha dear Prince,

            But you have answered it yourself.

            It means nothing – but open enough to be interpreted at will.

            I imagine ኤርትራውነት can be interpreted as “…. adhering to the purposes and values of Ghedli … ” in this day and age.. Who knows what it will mean in a generation?

            To me ኢትዮጵያዊነት means identifying oneself as a part of the history and peoples who have shared this particular geography over millenia. It is free of the current causes of division or conflict – seeing them as a temporary churn in an otherwise very long and distinguished history. I consider it very liberating. But that is me.

            The past 50 years it has been fashionable to deem it as nothing more than an Amara plot. To each his own.

            Damn this soapbox.

            Amde

          • saay7

            Sir Amde:

            So, it’s spam.

            Not to spoil the party but the geography argument doesn’t work (some are as old as Abyssinia and some are Menelik conquests), and the shared history doesn’t work: one mans hero is another mans villain. You are in twitter and you have seen even Abyssinian (Tigrayans and Amharas) going at it on Menelik.

            Saay.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam Saay7
            Guraga, hadera,argoba,seltta, agaw and most of oromos consider themselves habasha(Abyssinian), that is the reality on the ground and in day to day real life those people consider themselves as an habasha.

          • saay7

            Teodros:

            Doesn’t address what I told Amde but good to know.

            saay

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam Saay7
            I know, am not intended to address it, am just trying to give u some info just in case if u don’t know.

          • Amde

            Aha. Sire

            Would you go with spam-ish?

            You got me on the Beni-Shangul vs Somali – they have two “alpinesque” mountain ranges, a great rift valley and some of Africa’s densely populated districts on between. To reprise the late Melea Zenawi – ለ ቤኒ ሻንጉሌው፣ ሱማሌው ምኑ ነው? (I actually heard a taping of him trying to use the Abbay metaphor to describe how we are all a part of Abbay – this must have been after a rather thorough discussion of the difference between River and Watershed because he milked the tributary argument to the nth degree .. poor በሽሎ river..) But I digress.

            Now then – surely a Somali is connected to an Oromo who is connected to everybody else?

            I actually think most of our people have just been going north-south and east-west on the two great mountain ranges. (As opposed to – say – trekking across a continent). Jared Diamond talks about a dominant continental axis. (In reference to why Eurasia developed civilization and not Africa). He says civilization and conquest expand along an axis which is most conducive to the climate the conqueror developed its civilization in.

            Example: Mongol horde – East West along the steppes not North-South from Siberia to Vietnam.
            Example: Arab conquest – pretty much between latitudes in the low single digits to the high 20s. The Congo jungle is not an Arab conquest for a reason.
            Example: Rome – there is a reason they called the big sea “Water in the Middle of the Earth” They remained a mediterranean power.
            Example: Western European civilization remained … Western European.

            Basically, if you mounted your mule (or camel) and went a-conquering, you woukd stick to geography familiar to you, you immune system, your steed and handful of seed.

            Africa’s dominant axis – he says – is north south, but a north south continental movement means traversing very different climatic zones. Neither you, nor your favorite steed nor your seed nor your immune system can cope with such a variation. Only technology trumps that. Thus – stuck.

            Now in this picture, the Ethiopian highlands are a unique continental axis all its own. Climate somewhat uniform within them, but dramatically different from the lowlands around. So when our ancestors moved around, they pretty much did so on the highlands, simply washing over each other in wave after forgotten wave and never leaving the mountains. Otherwise ask yourself why we have a population of 100 million and our much bigger neighbor Sudan does not?

            Ergo – Amde is a result of many a washing over and proud of it. And so are you.

            Amde

          • Selam Amde,

            In my opinion, ‘Ethiopianism’ is the glue that keeps the parts together, the different ethnic groups, affiliated in a bigger or smaller way to this concept of ethiopia, within a geopolitical boundary, formed throughout centuries by internal and external factors. The other choice would be a world of individual and separated ethnic groups, a world of thousands of ethnic mini states, where nobody may not know the other, thus going back in human history centuries back, and remaining in the backward state, or enslaved by those who learnt to live together.

            This holds true for almost all countries of the world. Even Great britain has a different connotation for the scottish and the irish man and woman, nevertheless, they live together. The usa, which is few centuries old can call upon their -ism, let alone ethiopia.

            Ethiopianism is the magic wand in the hands of those who want to rule ethiopia, and there is no other way. The new ethiopian leader, an oromo, has proved this in an unequivocal way, by calling ethiopians to stand together around the ethiopianism concept of togetherness. The same will be true when the time comes for a somali, an afar, a gambellan, etc to rule ethiopia. They cannot call upon their ethnic feelings to become rulers of a big nation.

            Who in the world one way or the other does not call on -ism whenever needed? Why should it be unusual for ethiopia? Ethiopianism, unlike narrow ethnicism is the only concept that can guarantee that all ethiopians are equal citizens in any part of ethiopia they may find themselves in, opposite to narrow ethnicism that caused the death of about ten amharas in benishangul last week, and young oromos came out to addis (a metropolitan city where about 4mn ethiopians and many foreigners live), to paint the city with oromo flags, because an olf leader is returning from asmara, the aim being to send a political message.

            Ethiopianism is the only fresh air ethiopians can breathe and survive. Otherwise, the result will be suffocation and disappearance in the hands of paranoid dictators like abdi illey and others.

            Refusing to share ethiopian history with others was one of the gravest mistakes of tplf. When they came to power they tried to humiliate in many different ways the ethiopian people, which was very difficult for ethiopians to forget, and brought widespread resentment on top of the way they ruled. If they had adapted ethiopianism right from the start they could have been the darlings of ethiopians as pm Abiy is to day.

            Finally, i believe that the ethiopian gene is among the most dispersed and intermingled genes within the ethiopian polity, compared with the other countries of the world. The problem is not really in our differences, but in our minds, the cunning, the cynical and the shrewd. Ethiopians should change themselves before they are tamed by hardship, from which they might never recover again.

          • Amde

            Hi Horizon,

            Did you notice how Jawar started singing ኢትዮጵያ once a self declared Oromo got into Menelik’s palace? It is thus. The elite find it useful and the people resonate to it.

            The rest is just pecking order adjustment.

            Amde

          • Selam Amde,

            Jawar remains an enigma for me. Is he really with pm Abiy or the querro which is with olf? You have seen what happened in addis a day or two ago. Young querro groups were driving through the streets of the city, painting buildings and walls with the oromo flag, flying them on street posts as if a head of state is going to visit ethiopia, (as if it was not enough that they could wave their flag freely, put them on their cars, etc), and thus provoking a reaction from city dwellers.

            Last time tamagn beyene from bahr-dar (i think) forwarded to jawar a question, and i am not aware of his response. It was, ‘if he still stands only for the oromo people, or whether his struggle now includes the wellbeing of all ethiopians, including tigrayans’? I could not help it and i could be biased, but anything that has to do with jawar is a faustian contract to me, until proved otherwise. In general terms, there seems to be an unfinished business that could put the country in a difficult position.

            In addition, there are people who do not want the peaceful reform to be as peaceful as ethiopians would have liked. At some point, pm Abiy may be forced to use force, and there are people who expect to gain from the upheaval. They would try to discredit him, they would say that only under their rule will there be peace in ethiopia, etc. Although, as said by some, the chance that they will return to power is such that it easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, nevertheless, they can do big damage.

          • Aligaz G

            Amde,

            Interesting take using geography. We can also say teff and enset. Anyway it’s one of those things you know when you see it. And it does seem rather indestructible.

          • Aligaz G

            Amde,

            During Menelik’s era ኢትዮጵያዊነት was Adwa. Now it is Abiy and Lemma et al. And as per Lemma it is an addiction worse than heroin. ኢትዮጵያዊነት is in the blood and DNA of all Ethiopians. In fact it is the only thing that unites us and why we are united. ኢትዮጵያዊነት is the very essence of Ethiopians. ኢትዮጵያዊነት is that which makes the enemies of Ethiopia profoundly uncomfortable. ኢትዮጵያዊነት is Zerai Deres. The call to ኢትዮጵያዊነት is so strong even Isaias is showing withdrawal symptoms.

            Cheers

          • saay7

            Aligaz:

            This is for movie buff Sir Amde who will instantly get the reference and its application to ኢትዮጵያነት

            Pvt. Joe Bowers: What are these electrolytes? Do you even know?
            Secretary of State: They’re… what they use to make Brawndo!
            Pvt. Joe Bowers: But why do they use them to make Brawndo?
            Secretary of Defense: [raises hand after a pause] Because Brawndo’s got electrolytes.

            Saay

          • Aligaz G

            saay,

            Rita : You think Einstein walked around thinkin’ everyone was a bunch of dumb bleeps

          • Aligaz G

            saay

            Disqus or the moderator is holding the correct riposte to your silly post. Is ኢትዮጵያነት making you uncomfortable?

            Rita : You think Einstein walked around thinkin’ everyone was a bunch of dumb bleeps

          • saay7

            Aligaz:

            Why of course he did. Now you know why he built that bomb.

            Saay

          • Aligaz G

            saay

            In Costco?

          • Aligaz G

            saay

            Right. In Costco.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam truly k h
            The relationship between ethiopia and Arabia in general is natural, it should be excellent relation long time ago. what is unnatural is ur kind of thinking, the defeated thinking, the good thing is u can’t do nothing about it any more except barking here and there. And mark my word, before u die, u will see Arabic as another official language next to Amhara language. Untill than stay miserable but don’t die and Arabic as official language of ethiopia will finish u.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Salam Kim Hanna,

            The principal push behind this sudden active diplomacy is the Arab Spring, Iran expansion aspirations in the region. Moreover, in the last decade Qatar has excelled all in her relations with the outside world and her good mediation in conflicts around the world, specially in our region. Also, we should not forget the presence of Turkey one of their rivals in the region. They wake up when they were besieged by Iran from all directions: Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Sudan, and Eritrea. They have succeeded in dismantling Iran relation with the Sudan and Eritrea, but failed in the rest up-to now. Ethiopia was aloof, but now has joined the club of dictators.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Hameed,

            You don’t think they have caused so much problems for the middle as suppose to what they have helped. Example would be: Syria, Yemen, Iraq.

            As far as Iran is concerned, honestly I don’t think they are pushing any agenda but to protect their interests. They know what happened to Iraq when the US labeled them axis of evil and the US and Israel next project was to dismantle Iraq, which may still be the case.

            I think sooner or later this will back fire at them and they will be next if they don’t back down. I think Iran is a lot more robust to withstand any pressure from the US and Israel compared to Iraq, because they have a long history of fighting and resisting. Saudi Arabia, I think is, oil/money based power that doesn’t have the real power (people power) to support it’s agenda.

            Now they are burning their resources left and right pursing different war and they will be bogged down and will burn out. Eritrea and Ethiopia are there for the ride and they will not abandon them once they get in trouble, specially Eritrea. Do you remember what Isayas did when Gaddafi was in problem. Not even one word, let alone help him out. I thought Gaddafi would escape to Eritrea and he would be safe for all the help he gave to Isayas, but nothing just like Naizghi Kiflu.

            Berhe

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Salam Berhe Y,

            The ambitions of Iran to lead the region is apparent and real. They have disclosed it several times through their prominent leaders. It is true America and Israel will hesitate to strike Iran. They have built a potent power which help them a lot to protect themselves from any attack. As you said the others are very weak in comparison with the wealth they possess. They are vulnerable to all sorts of extortion, specially from decision makers in the west.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Hameed,

            I think Iran ambition is understandable because they have a large population and quite advanced society as well. But I don’t think it’s ambition but a reaction to US and Israel intentions towards them that they need to protect their interests.

            To be honest, they probably have the most legitimate government in the region.

            Obama approach was correct and I think, for the world peace and stability, it would have been better to continue the path of peace.

            Berhe

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam saay,

            In your opinion, what is the power base of Isaias? I mean a power base that enforces his will, not just a verbal chorus line.

            Do you think this power base will be loyal to Isaias’ son? Will they stand by him [as a first choice] instead of supporting some other person?

            Recall how Mao’s wife/the Gang of Four and Mugabe’s typist wife failed in their bid for power.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Salam Kaleab,

            You always give exams. A teacher who doesn’t teach, only works as an exam machine. A good examiner is a bad teacher. I hope you are not a teacher.

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Hameed,

            Students also ask questions.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Salam Kaleab,

            My friend, you ask challenging questions. The attitude of student who quests for knowledge is humble. I guess, you have reached the point of saturation in knowledge. There is no space in your mindset yearns for more knowledge. You have reached or I can say with out hesitation that you surpass in your knowledge Einstein. My friend እተጽጊበኒ ቅጫ ኣብ መቅሎኣ ኮላ እፈልጣ You are not student. First, come down to the ground if you want to be student. Be humble, for a true scholar is that who explores that HE IS EXTREMELY IGNORANT.

            Al-Arabi

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Hameed,

            Thank you for the flattery.

            You said: “you can surpass in your knowledge Einstein.”

            This means that you already know and understand what Einstein achieved. Can you then state, in your own words, some of what Einstein achieved and their significance?

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Salam Kaleab,

            First teach me the lessons about Einstein, then you will be eligible to ask question. What kind of teacher you are, a teacher who gives exams without teaching his students required lessons.

            I want to make feel very happy. ንስኻ ብጣዕሚ ምሁር (ሊቅ) እኻ:: You are very educated guy. Now celebrate and look towards the skies.

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Hameed,

            You are again ducking and diving from answering my question.

          • saay7

            Selamat Simon:

            Isaias power base is exactly what it is in the rest of Africa that went through a revolution.

            The enforcers are in two categories: the thoroughly corrupted and those who say እንታይዩ የርእየና ዘሎ ዚሰብኣይ and tolerate everything including paying tens of thousands to smuggle their kids out of the country. I would borrow a phrase from you to describe the latter: walking dead.

            The way I think Isaias will do it as phase him in. Give him increasingly responsible jobs. The true believers have absolute trust in his judgement (whatever he does is in the best interest of Eritrea) and the walking dead will say ኣንታ እንታይ….but will do nothing.

            Maos China and Mugabes Zimbabwe has functional political parties with congresses and elections. Isaias killed that when the frogs without thermometer were shouting Weyane.

            saay

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam saay,

            True believers in what? Belief, when confronted with reality should necessarily lead to doubt. Weren’t the G15 true believers?

            The corrupt, who milk the system, have vested interests, so they will choose its continuity.

            Do holding party congresses and elections change dictatorships? Mao had them all and managed to kill millions during ‘The Great Leap Forward’ and ‘The Cultural Revolution’. Mugabe also impoverished his country. The Derg did not fare well with them either.

            During the last 27 years, the Eritrean opposition could not inflict a single harm on the regime. They were missing numerous open goals. Without exception, all of the problems faced by the regime were self-inflicted. What is the reason for opposition to become the walking dead?

          • saay7

            Selamat Simon:

            1. True believers in Isaias and Isaiasism. Some are religious (Isaias is elect of God), some are secular (Isaias is the best president in the history of the world), but same result: Isaias can do no wrong.

            Hade beleley

            2. The corrupt have no principles other than “be on the winning side” and if they calculate Abraham is where it’s at, they will not bat an eye.

            Klte beleley

            3. You are the one who brought up Mugabe and Mao to make your point that even they couldn’t have their families inherit their power. And what I am telling you is Zimbabwe and China had and still have powerful ruling parties where people draw their legitimacy. There is no such thing in Eritrea ever since Isaias methodically destroyed it. There is no parliament no ruling party just a man and his enforcers.

            seleste beleley.

            I understand why you now want to shift the argument to opposition and we will tackle that some other time.

            saay

          • David Samson

            Selamat SAAY,
            I really, really like the beleley expression! Can I suggest to you to add ‘HizkAnidoAleKa’ as a pose?

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam saay,

            I am not aware of the existence of people who say “Isaias is elect of God”. If they do exist, they are unlikely to be numerically significant.

            The opposition? Not worried about them as they are the walking dead. They are just waiting either for Isaias to die of natural causes or for him to be overthrown by someone else.

            My question is motivated by the question of Isaias’ son, with no Ghedli experience and no organically developed power base of his own, coming to power.

          • saay7

            Selamat Simon:

            The Ghedli experience is irrelevant for Abraham’s generation: by the time he is ready to take on the presidency (say, 2 yrs) ghedli will have been over close to 30 yrs. Among his generation he can show he is best qualified (by training) and what he can’t can be faked. Dictatorships have one advantage in that area: total ownership of the medium.

            Your reference to opposition continues to be irrelevant to our discussion. He will be as illegitimate as his father unless he is elected in a free and fair election. You and a handful of awatistas definition of “opposition” is so static and lacks imagination. The opposition lives in Eritrea, buddy; just like the government does. The opposition in exile is more relevant to Eritrean politics that the Isaiasists and the “silent majority.” So Apple-to-apples comparison please: the opposition in Eritrea will defeat Isaias and Isaiasists. And when that happens, the Isaiasists in exile will evaporate and the silent majority will begin to speak. All will happen in our lifetime.

            saay

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam saay,

            In Eritrea, the source of power is the cult of Ghedli and its associated Martyrdom. Isaias’ son is handicapped by many factors including lack of accumulated experience and ruthlessness and a guaranteed loyalty from his father’s power base. Familiarizing himself with the ins and outs of the system will not be sufficient, as this will not be a desk job. Once his father is gone, he will be at the deep end and at the mercy of powerful figures in the system.

            Saying that “The opposition in Eritrea will defeat Isaias and Isaiasists” may have a feel good effect, but in reality it will not happen soon. Like other past events, the euphoria surrounding Berhane’s books will soon be forgotten.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Salam Kaleab,

            There is only one power in any nation, the power of the people. The people either gives his power to a government or opposition. Some governments may think they are powerful than the people, but when the people uprise they will appear very weak in front of the vigorous and robust power of the people. Peoples for sometime may appear dormant like a volcano, but when they erupt they are destructive.

            Without the people neither a government rules or an opposition topples a ruler. All action and reaction rest on the people only. An opposition is the outcome of the people not vice-versa.

      • Alex

        Hi Berhe Y,
        Let me be a devil advocate for Abraham. Who said he is not bright. I don’t know anybody who is not bright and gets his degree in Engineering . So please first think before you right some think that is outlandish.

        • Berhe Y

          Hi Alex,

          I don’t know if he smart or not. I was telling you what people told me, why he can’t be the next president excuse. If I recall Kibrom said something to that effect.

          As if he went to engineering or not, this is the first time I have heard.

          Even if he is smart, even if he has 5 degrees it doesn’t entitle him to be the next president. That’s this whole discussion about, not his qualification but his merit.

          I personally don’t even think he needs to be qualified in anything to be the president if he gets the mandate (people chose him in free and fair election) then he is entitled like anyone else.

          Berhe

          • Nitricc

            Hi Berhe; you said “I don’t know if he smart or not. I was telling you what people told me” then you believed them and you spit it back the exact words? Wow.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Nitricc,

            And what’s wrong with that….I didn’t say it was fact but what I heard.

            If you want, you should listen to Andargachew Tsige interview with ESAT from 2011 and what he spoke about his children. According to him, becuase he was in Eritrea at the time, all his children have failed or didn’t make it to university and they are serving in sawa like anyone body else.

            Berhe

          • Nitricc

            Hi Berhe; so why speak something is not fact? because you didn’t collage, it does mean you are not bright.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Nitricc,

            How do I know if it’s fact or not? Because everything else is closed, we are only reduced to speculation by comparing to others who were under similar condition.

            All dictators, Iraq (Sadam), Lybia (Gadafi), Syria (Asad), Egypt (Mubarek), Gabon, Togo, Djibouti, Congo, Cuba, North Korea

            Most successed some failed after the arab spring.

            You know Isayas Afeworki favorite answer when he was asked about democracy and constitution before the war in Ethiopia. He use to say, why don’t you bother the Saudi king about democracy. Now we know why and what he was thinking all along.

            Berhe

          • Nitricc

            Hi Berhe; I don’t believe for Nano second PIA will bring his son to power. NOP! But of course you people will talk and write about it. Do you remember when PMAA accepted the peace deal, you guys were going banana by saying the dictator will not accept, he will find excuses and all that garbage was said. What observed in reality far different. Now the topic is his son will come to power. really?

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Nitricc,

            Ok, kem afka yKunelna. Now let’s wait to what you said will happen on Sept 18th.

            Berhe

          • Nitricc

            Hi Berhe; would you accept if PIA assigned his son to transitional government. meaning if his son to lead to election, constitution and to real government establishments? It is not going to happen but if it does, how do you feel about it?

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Nitricc,

            Sure, I would not have a problem with that.
            As long as it leads to rule of law to be respected and the government is accountable.

            Berhe

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam Berhe,

            I just wanted to alert you about Nitricc’s “African mentality”. Do you remember the story about a camel, tent story, where the camel wanted to shelter only its nose. Be careful ceding any ground to him.

            Mr. K.H

          • ሰላማት በርሀ የ. ዓርከይ፥

            ዝሰማዕካዮ ገለ ጽንጽንታ ኣለካ ድዩ? ሓደ ነጥቢ ሽዱሽተ 18 ባዶ ሰለስተ፠፠፨

            ጻጸ

  • Reclaim Abyssinia

    Happy new year to all again.
    እንቋዕ ንሐዲሽ ዓመት አብጸኸኩማ
    እንኳን ለአዲሱ ዓመት አደረሳችሁ
    Cusub Egida!
    سَنَة سَعيدة

    ካፋ ባሳክ ያርሔ ?

    Yesterday I was dreaming of drinking Milloti (Asmara) beer in Massawa. Today when I was watching the zalanbessa (ዛላአንበሳ) celebration. I heard the MC saying that there is an unlimited supply of free Tigray beer, and invited everyone to drink as much as they can. Wow, the price of twenty years of thirst. I was gone wish I was there, but the name of the beer didn’t sound right, I hope that will not be the beer they are planning to distribute across Eritrea for economy stimulate.

    I don’t think the Senafe people appreciate the celebration of drunken soldiers on their territory. The last time, what the Tigrayan brought with them to Senafe was bandit and rapist, I heard that every house was searched for a gold, and what will be this time, we know beer is on the menu, what else?

    I wonder what’s the rest of the nation is thinking about the Tigrigna people getting drunk and celebrating together, and trying to mark a special day for a future holiday. I somehow found that Tigray looks a lot happier than the Eritrean. I wonder why?? Are they feeling liberated again? I probably being a bit harsh, but it even hurts more to get reminded that it has been bloody twenty years. It only took SEVENTEEN years to bring down Mengistu.

    In my opinion, I think I can guess a reason for the Tigrayan to be very happy at this crucial moment. It’s like, hello everyone… Here’s my big-bro, you can’t bully me anymore! And the Eritrean soldiers are just like…, what the heck, do you believe in Déjà vu?

    Cheers,
    RA

  • FishMilk

    Hi Yohannes Zerai. You say partnering with a tyrant? The U.S. provides military assistance to 73 percent of world’s dictatorships simply because it is in their economic and strategic interests to do so. PM Abiy now embracing PIA/Eritrea as an economic and strategic partner is no different. And, when it comes nicely packaged along with peace, reconciliation and long overdue respect for Rule of Law……yes….yes….YES..

    • Yohannes Zerai

      Dear FishMilk,

      I understand that individuals (as well as leaders and governments) have the right to associate or partner with whomever they like — even with the devil if they so wish and if they have a “conscience” that allows it! But should such a situation arise, it ought to be obvious to everyone that (i) rational people have the right to reject the self-righteousness and fake claim of piety that come from the hypocritical “friends of the devil” and (ii) those suffering from (or otherwise negatively impacted by) the unholy alliance have the right to rise up and use whatever means possible to shutter that alliance and sweep the perpetrators to oblivion.

      Thank you

      • FishMilk

        Hi Yohannes Zerai. Was it rational for most posters here to have before sided with the TPLF in their ‘at all costs’ efforts to overthrow the PIA/PFDJ regime, even it meant harming innocent Eritreans and risking State sovereignty in the process? Who it to judge what a rational person is within a specific context? Everyone has capacity for thought which doesn’t appear to be emotional but is far from rational. Any person, without exception, has individual mental patterns of inherent personal reactivity to their unique environment. The fact it that more than 99% of most countries will dance the jitterbug of Bunny Hope with the devil if it serves their economic and strategic interests.

  • Ismail AA

    Selam all,

    Yohannes Zerai is meticulously critical and simultaneously readers’ friendly writer. It’s clear for me that he keeps in focus simplification of readers’ effort to understand the substance and logic of what he intends to transmit. That is why I find not much to scribble by the time I finish reading his articles. I end up feeling that he has already answered the questions I develop in process of my reading. This article, too, has not proven an exception to a pattern.

    Regarding the ascent of the current EPRDF Prime Minister, Dr. Abij Ahmed, he has covered with erudition and competence how he began and where he came to stand at the present – domestically,regionally and internationally. I agree with Yohannes that his future role (failure or success) shall depend not on his socio-spiritual ( his addition through love cannot be seriouly measure up to philosophy) public relations campaign, but how he would fare in dealing with the deep-seated contradictions and fragile social, ethnic and political setup of the country. Love and good will sentiments would not translate to concrete policies when contradictory social, political and self-assertive stakeholders line up to demand rights and condone obligations. In my view, the next election and the role of the PM and his party in the run up period to that election will be critical in his competence as political figure on the national scale. The challenges and the emerging line ups are already on the horizon for all to witness. Just look the developing force alignments in his own back yard politics – Oromo constituency.

    This being on the Ethiopian national scene, his role in Eritrea-Ethiopia relations, I think the term “dubious” has captured the essence and politics of that realm. While he has been showing concern for domestic political and social-religious divisions and polarizations and trying to at least preliminary (the future will tell how things will develop) accommodative approaches like releasing prisoners (gained him much support for obvious reasons), in the case of Eritrea he has ignored the acute internal polarizations and contradictions that have sharpening through the past 27 years of despotism in favor of appeasement of the dictator. His way of doing things and the manner he has been conducting himself in his dealings with the dictator measure up to undisquised egocentricism aimed at taking maximmum advantage at the expense of the future fate of internal relations within the Eritrean society. He approach so far is doing anything that makes the dictator happy and massage his ego and sick whims to free concessions from him. And, he seems to be succeeding so far, what the future will have in store for us Eritreans notwithstanding. If one can learn from history of Eritrea-Ethiopia relations since 1942, and exit of colonialists, glossing over the internal balances and dynamics in Eritrea had proven disastrous and costly both to the Eritrean people and the Ethiopian peoples.

    Here, on mention just one example to understand how dubious Dr. Abij’s approach to Eritrean and Eritreans is. Imagine a love and reconciliation PM who releases prisoners in his own country, and requests a dictator to act as middlemand between himself and opposition groups funded, trained and armed by him to return back to their country, does not utter a word about the thousands of victims suffering in dark prisons and dungeon in Eritrea. Understood within such circumstances, the choice of the term “dubious” to describe his role and approach towards our suffering people generously mild.
    Thank Johannes for this thoughtful contribution.

    • Yohannes Zerai

      Dear Ismail,

      With sincere gratitude, I take note of your gracious remarks of encouragement which you seem to be able to lend readily to anyone in appreciation of the modest contributions they make to the debate and the attendant learning process at this respectable forum.

      I find the substance of your comment on the subject at hand equally impressive. Your remarks not only added clarity to the points raised in the article, but also built upon some others to further develop, expand and rationalize concepts. Hence, you have made an input that is potentially capable of elevating the level of discussion and expanding the knowledge base. I offer my sincere appreciation for your contribution.

      Thank you

  • Amanuel

    Hi all
    It is good news the cross boarder roads are opened. One would think it makes sense to be done on a day celebrates by both Orthodox believers. However, it is insensitive to Eritreans emotions as Sep was also when Haileselassie crossed the Mereb river to mark the Federation in 1952. Since then at least during his and Derg era Sep 1 (Orthodox Calendar) was a double celebration to include Eritrea union with Ethiopia. If IA has Eritreans welfare and interest at heart he would avoided that day. Or was he sending a coded message?

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    The official Ethio-Eritrea border opening that took place today seems to have captured the interest of many as a pivotal moment. In a sense, that is true and it would have tangible impact on the peace process as a whole. However, it was a forgone conclusion that was expected to happen. The IA regime had utilized its supporters over the years through the politics of fear, hate and disparagement of the dominant political expression of the people of Tigray, i.e. TPLF. With the advent of the peace and normalization process, the regime found that all the politics of hatred it capitalized on needed to be walked back. In order to do so, the regime has chosen to engage in a further blunder of news blackout, clandestine misinformation and outright dissemination of lies in ways that are in stark contrast to unfolding events, which is leaving its supporters dumbfounded and the opposition unable to keep up with the pace to turn the tide into the right direction.

    The issue of demarcation of the border would have been a positive step to be taken care of right away for both countries. It would eliminate any potential conflict in the future and prevent sliding back down from the peace building process being worked at. However, virtually every side has been handling the matter with less than honest and straight forward step towards an amicable resolution of outstanding matters between the two sisterly countries. Here is how each party stacks up:

    1 – IA regime: clearly used it for consolidating power in its dictatorial hand and when times changed, it abandoned its earlier stated policy in favor of current regime survival interests.

    2 – TPLF – EPRDF: downgraded the importance of resolving the issue in favor of what they called “durable peace” through diplomatic hostilities

    3 – PMAA – EPRDF: downgraded the importance of border in favor of a fast paced social, political, security and economic integration

    4 – Eri Opposition: as it can be referred back to pre-PMAA times, all the opposition mtgs, seminars, workshops… in awassa, Mekelle, debrezeyt, Bologna…and all over diaspora, have consistently avoided to call for the then friendly Ethiopian regime to implement the boundary resolution. I remember we had long discussion here at Awate about this issue and the border issue was virtually proved a non-starter to serve as part of the overall agenda. Now in PMAA era, following IA regime’s change of position, the Eri opposition has brought the issue forward, but this lacks credibility, hence the poor old border has no friends for the foreseeable future.

    5 – Despite the Ethiopian news media currently dominating the Ethiopian and Eritrean airwaves and all ears are theirs, at least for now, the border settlement (whichever way it is done) has been suspiciously absent from their field of inquiry. Why?

    Unfortunately, something as simple as finishing off the delimitation process by actual demarcation (with necessary adjustments), is viewed with some degree of cynicism and manipulation by all parties. In reality it would not change anything other than avoid a potential pitfall for all concerned, however I dare say the Ethio-Eritrea border is probably the most politicized of any border in the continent. Today, PMAA referenced a planned reduction/withdrawal of troops, and sure enough this has nothing to do with the actual withdrawal of administrations or other organs. Yet, the PFDJ regime mouth pieces are back at it and playing their gullible followers that this amounts to “withdrawal from Badime”. How dishonest is that? This leads me to think that the current status will remain for some time and it is important for the opposition to understand that. The next step should be to continue on finding unifying points across the spectrum of the opposition in tandem with the situation inside the country.

    Without giving much commentary about it, I understand that the new Ethiopian Embassy in Asmara is very busy processing business application from interested Eritreans to work and invest in Ethiopia. The facility being provided there is described to me as very efficient and showing with serious interest to encourage that type of activity. There is a policy that hasn’t been in the media, i.e. Eritrean business people from Eritrea are to be treated as local investors. This would provide 2 years of tax free start up opportunity in addition to other benefits.

    It is very important for the democratic struggle camp to glean and understand on what is happening on the ground and how that would shape public opinion and interests as we go forward. I understand that the pace of things are rapid, however, dobna ytehanxex slogan may be out of sync at this particular time.

    • Selam haile TG,

      “Eritrean business people from Eritrea are to be treated as local investors. This would provide 2 years of tax free start up opportunity in addition to other benefits.”

      Unfortunately, this is a double edged knife; ‘good’ for eritrean businessmen who will compete in the big ethiopian market on equal terms with ethiopians, ‘bad’ for eritrea, because businesses are going to be attracted and drown to the center away from the periphery.

      That was one of the main reason the wall-builders wanted the wall, and the neoliberal business people wanted the bridge. Eritreans are going to be in a dilemma for sometime until the landscape of rapprochement is clear in everybody’s mind. I always said that this was going to happen, i.e., the center of the force of gravity lying to the south of the mereb, where the big market is, thus acting as a point of greater interest.

      • haileTG

        Hi Horizon,

        You are correct, actually I know that some movement has already began in that direction. Such application files are already piling higher and higher on the Ethiopian embassy’s desk in Asmara. If you look closely into it however, there are many factors, such as demography of Eritreans attracted by this venture (things like age, region…) that would shape the political ramifications to be had for the country as a whole. I am also interested to see how this would impact the democratic struggle for change in the longer run (or shorter, depending one’s optimism:)

    • Hameed Al-Arabi

      Salam Haile TG,

      In the past two decades the border was not at risk, at anytime it can be demarcated. Now, the entire country is in a BIG SALE. The sale is occuring in different forms for the interests of Ethiopia only. Until full SALE is accomplished Isaias must blackout the item from any information. He must keep them totally confused even those in diaspora.

      • FishMilk

        Hi Hameed Al-Arabi. LOL. What a joke. You have no shame! Is malicious rumor-mongering the best that you can now do? Most opposition mucoid secretions made a fatal strategic mistake in siding with the TPLF over the past two decades in their ‘at all cost’ bid to overthrow the PIA/PFDJ regime, and now in dire humiliation, they wish to rumor-monger and recreate history to their liking. Eritrea has never been for sale and never will be.

        • Hameed Al-Arabi

          Salam FishMilk,

          Did you meet your cousins the tplf yesterday? And how about your standing side by side with them for a minute in the memory of martyrs fallen from both tplf and eplf while they were fighting against Derg? Can you deny this also has not happened?

          • FishMilk

            Hi Hameed Al-Arabi. I am not the one that has been in co-habitation with the TPLF over the past 20 years while they were defecating on Eritrea, Eritreans and anything connected with Eritrea. The TPLF’s role in overthrowing the Derg should never be forgotten but should also never be used to absolve them of the atrocities which they have committed against Eritrea over the past 2 decades.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Salam FishMilk,

            The atrocities and war with tplf is from the creation of your god. Don’t cry about the massive suffer your boss caused to the people of Eritrea. I know you are saints without any mistakes through the past three decades. You should always blame others. What kind of super humans you are, really Eritrea is lucky that she has many phony (ቅዳሓት) Eritreans. Isaias has made good when he distributed Eritrean nationality to you and forced true Eritreans to leave the country and live in refugee camps.

            Al-Arabi

          • FishMilk

            Hi Hameed Al-Arabi. All atrocities committed by the TPLF against Eritrea and Eritreans after the EEBC decision are 100% entirely of their own making. Perhaps they told you otherwise when they were earlier providing your free luxury hotel accommodations in Addis Ababa while you were attending opposition meetings.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Salam FishMilk,

            You endorse atrocities before EEBC ruling is your god creation, that is good. You have to apprehend for any action there is a reaction; therefore, your boss should be responsible for all the mess caused and ensue the ruling of EEBC.

            Really, you are out of context when you tell me that I was in Addis attending meetings and sleeping in luxury hotels. I think you wish me that, anyhow thank you for that good wish. This kind of attitude displays to me that your reading is very weak and your thinking is very shallow.

          • FishMilk

            Hi Hameed Al-Arabi. Sorry that the TPLF provided you only with budget hotel accommodations instead of the Hilton or Sheraton. Hope they did not put you in one of those Chechnya hostels.

        • David Samson

          Hi FM,

          Welcome back!

          I was hoping you are going to give us some breaking news as promised. It seems nothing has changed in Eritrea. Except, of course, false hopes and rumours. Not a single prisoner has been released. While Eritreans are being denied travelling outside Eritrea, PMAA and his families are spending their weekends in Massawa. People are still queuing up to get their monthly quotas— money from banks. Please give us something positive to cheer us up.

          Warning: SAAY has been worn out by endless, fruitless and round-circle debates with (Name withheld to protect their privacy), so I do not think he has got any energy left to do another round with you.

          • FishMilk

            Hi David Samson and thanks. All eyes will soon shift focus to western border withdraw and demarcation processes. While strategies have been well articulated in this regard, don’t expect matters to move at Mach I speed. This is where the onus of responsibility now clearly moves to PM Abiy and his real test of authority will soon come. I get an uneasy feeling in this regard, for I believe that lack of progress on withdraw/demarcation on the Badme front, will likely be used as an excuse by PIA to justify his actions or maintaining status quo on several fronts. PIA is convinced that he has achieved a ‘no-lose’ situation for he has: 1) Signed a Peace Agreement with Ethiopia on the premise unconditional acceptance of the EEBC decision, 2) Opened Eritrean ports for business which will generate huge amounts of hard currency, 3) Has casted Eritrea internationally in a more positive light which will soon result in lifted sanctions, and 4) Anticipates that Ethiopia’s use of Eritrean ports as well as good relations with Ethiopia and PM Abiy will continue even if the TPLF does not fall into line on the Badme front. My hope, is that the TPLF will in the end, facilitate Badme troop withdrawal and the demarcation processes. In Eritrea these days, so many expectations are building up and I believe that the only thing that can possibly prevent Eritreans actively exerting pressure on PIA/PFDJ for more accountability and transparency, would be if matters become messy on the Badme front.

          • David Samson

            Hi FM,

            PMAA in no uncertain terms made it clear: the border issue is not a priority; it is the least important part of the peace-agreement. IA also told us there is no border between the two countries. Why are you shifting the blame to PMAA? Should not IA insisted that the border should be paramount important part, and the parties must first demarcate the border before any other agreement?
            The peace-agreement is between two countries, not between TPLF and PFDJ, so please do not bring up ‘red herring’ in to your arguments. Tigray and TPLF are ready to implement and make a peace with Eritrea. So, we are now back to post-2001 time: No border will be demarcated = no change in Eritrea.

          • FishMilk

            Hi David Samson. We are certainly not back to 2001. And, you clearly know that as the border issue/demarcation is covered under an article of the Peace-Agreement signed between Ethiopia and Eritrea, its importance shall never be diminished. Legality in vision attributes equal weights to all articles under a Peace-Agreement, for non-performance of any article can potentially be viewed as a breach of agreement. Like I have said, the onus of responsibility now moves to Ethiopia and PM Abiy in regards to Badme. The stranglehold is about to be placed around the necks of the TPLF, thye can either fall in line and conform or face isolation from both Eritrea and Ethiopia. PIA has played his cards well.

          • Abraham H.

            Hi FishMilk, here you are agin focussing on trivialities instead of the real issues in Eritrea like: the immediate release of all political prisoners and prisoners of conscience; the right of return of all Eritrean refugees, particularly those Eritreans who have been stranded in the Sudan sice the Haile Silasie era; the regn of rule of law and justice, Constitutionalism, etc. I have one question to you: let’s say DIA very soon decides to leave the town of Badme to the Ethiopians, considering the town was under their administration for decades even after Eritrea’s independence. While doing so, DIA also asks the Ethiopians to reciprocate by leaving villlages that were known to be Eritrean but given erroneously to Ethiopia by the EEBC? Would you agree with that decision, if not what would your reaction be? Would you rather risk all the rapproachment and a border wide demarcation, just because of the town of Badme?

          • David Samson

            Selam Abraham,
            I very much doubt if FM went to Eritrea as he has not updated us yet. The least we would expect to say is, there is no change–business as usual.

          • Abraham H.

            Hi David S., I agree, nothing new, as the pfdj camp is full of fraudulent folks, and ‘qdahat’, (thanks Al-Arabi for this description:-). He had promised us to give us a very important news about the internal affairs of Eritrea, right before he reportedly ‘left to Eritrea’.

          • FishMilk

            Hi Abraham H. I have repeatedly voiced my opinion that -most/not all- political and religious prisoners should be immediately released and others should now be afforded timely due process. Constitution, return of refugees, etc? I would not expect real traction on these matters until the TPLF/Ethiopia’s Northern Military Command withdraws from the Badme 180. Given that said, Yemane Gebreab has indicated that the constitutions is now back on the working table but not to expect anything before end of year.

          • Abraham H.

            Hi Fish, Yemane Ghebreab? Isn’t that the guy who told his pfdj sheep in the US that his regime was already implementing the Constitution, the only remaining was elections some 5 years ago? And then only to hear from his master that the Eritrean Constitution from 1997 was a stillborn document a few years later? Come on FishMilk, today you are not even going to cheat the dumbest of your koboro junkies by your habitual lies.

  • Selam Awatawyan.

    What do you make of the following: the butterfly on PMAA’s chest with its two beautiful wings depicting the ethiopian and eritrean flags and his good wishes for the eritrean people on the ethiopian new year (the right thing to do, yet, its political message unknown), ethiopia planning to create a navy (most probably will end up being an ethio-eritrean navy, if this ‘we are in love’ thing continues to exist between the two leaders), and at the same time the russians are coming to build a logistic base in eritrea (whatever that means)? Too many powers with conflicting interests coming to the same small area needs a good understanding of the whole situation, if possible.

    • Mitiku Melesse

      Hei, Horizon.
      I understand you about your skepticism. Only 5 days or so ago our hidden but big leader by the name Obo (Ato) Lemma explained shortly but to the point how our past dubious politics hurt our nation. So i am not surprised you are in doubt. When I saw him i connected what he has done for the peace and what he has promised. Besides who can be congratulated on this eve in addition to Ethiopians. Off course that is Eritreans. Remember there are around hundred thousands in Ethiopia plus all Eritreans have some thing to do with this day we celebrate in one way or the other.

      And off course a man who planed his flight immediately after the ceremony to cement the peace he promised there is no better out fit than he put on. The man is not only a man of peace but a genius too.

      • Selam Mitiku Melesse,

        In my opinion, ethiopia cannot be democratic internally and at a war footing with its neighbors (i.e. externally undemocratic). It was right therefore, that Team Lemma presented an olive branch to eritrea soon after coming to power. In addition, it was necessary that they should close the external front as soon as possible so that they can tackle the internal reaction to the reforms they are going to carry out. It seems it has worked, and PMAA has garnered enough support internally to feel strong to continue his reforms.

        It is imperative that Team Lemma should succeed, because unlike the previous government, the new ethiopian government stands for ethiopian unity and integrity and true equality of the ethiopian social groups, contrary to the anti-ethiopianists who almost destroyed the very existence of ethiopia as a state, by demeaning ethiopianism and promoting ethnic-nationalism.

        About eritrea, there is this anomalous situation. Both people find difficult to live together in harmony, and at the same time, they find equally difficult to live completely separated. It is this love-hate relationship that has developed thanks to the elites that has made life very difficult for both. The main problem is that both parties are too stubborn to learn from their mistakes, and they are too egoistic and shortsighted to look far in to the future from the point of view of their long-term interest. Be sure, if not today, one day in the future, they will be forced to be together. That is their fate and what the situation on the ground calls for.

        • Mitiku Melesse

          Hei Horizon.
          The Lema team and millions in Ethiopia have suffered severely. They have witnessed how the dubious tplf politics destroyed hundred and thousand lives, hundred and thousand were sent into prison, hundred and thousands left their home, millions internally displaced people. The Lema team sacrificed themselves (if they were caught …) and plan meticulously in years. Many now have said look the speed it is dangerous. But they know their plan. After all who can get problems when the majority say enough is enough to the minorities.

          I know you have learnt a lot by now from different sources about the change in Ethiopia.

          But my point here right now is how about Eritrean including you apply the new Ethiopian philosophy. We dont need to send hundred thousands government supporters or oppositions in prison to do what is best for Eritrea.

          • Selam Mitiku Melesse,

            I am not sure if i have understood fully your last paragraph. Nevertheless, what works for one country may or may not work for another. I hope eritreans will find their own formula of solving their problems peacefully, with reconciliation and not with vengeance.

            What PMAA has in mind for eritrea seems to be in my opinion a sort of soft politics (if i may say so), i.e. let’s do the obvious and the easiest things we can do which are not going to cost us anything, and on the contrary, they will help a lot the two countries and people. These are things like, let’s declare peace, open the border crossings, allow our people to move from one country to the other freely, trade, etc. These are where PMAA can intervene.

            As much as the internal problems of eritrea (absence of democracy, human rights, bad governance, etc) are concerned, i think that pm Abiy had said more or less that there is dictatorship in eritrea, but it is an internal eritrean problem, and ethiopia has no right to intervene. It is up to eritreans to solve their internal problems themselves, vis-a-vis, the chinese way of handling other peoples’ political problems.

            If eritrean prisons are going to remain full when change comes to eritrea, and the thing that changes is only the identity of the prisoners, then we cannot speak of any change. Eritreans will find their own way of crossing the rubicon (if i can say so).

          • Abraham H.

            Selam Horizon, “Eritreans will find their own way of crossing the rubicon (if i can say so).”. Yeah, this is true. There is no alternative for us Eritreans other than standing in unison against the oppressive regime of DIA. The matter of fact is that even those diehard supporters of the regime are its victims; they foolishly think they would benefit from the regime, or the regime would prioritise the interests and sovereignty of the nation, when in reality the regime is doing the exact opposite. Surprisingly also, these regime appologists are also going through the same whimsical erratic decisions of DIA; for example they have many times lost their investments in regime bonds, housing projects; poor investment opportunities, even lost the ownership of their own deposited cash.

      • Hope

        Selam MM:
        Well said Bro!
        Who cares about the ” hidden conspiracy theories for now but about PEACE”.
        After all,if a REAL Ethio-Eritrea Unity is to be achieved by the 100% will of the people over time, let it be achieved.
        Eritreans could have NEVER ever picked up guns and suffer for 60 yrs had it not been(due to) the forceful dismantling of the Federation and annexation of Eritrea.
        We would never have lost more than two million people from both sides over the last 55 yrs and we would never have been at risk of being” Gypsies” with close to a Million Refugees, not to mention the scary exodus with unheard of sufferings and death of the innocent.
        As I told Guad Abi many times here,when I was in Addis in 1993,I had the feeling and dream of achieving a special kind of Integration of both nations and peoples within 30 yrs of the Eri Independence.
        Apologies if I am offending the patriotic Eritreans here but am talking a possible reality under an ideal situation.
        Remember that you are hearing this WISH from an original and hardcore Eritrean from the heart of the Low Land Eritrea, who has gone through the most dangerous atrocities as committed by the successively oppressive Ethiopian regimes( the Derghi and JANHOY REGIMES and now by the TPLF Janda for 20yrs), WHO(Hope) WITNESSED LIVE THE BURNING OF VILLAGES AND MOSQUES ALONG WITH MASS MASSACRE OF KIDS AND THE FAITHFUL LIVE IN THEIR HOMES AND MOSQUES AND THE STABBING OF PREGNANT MOMS.
        Yes,an infant died on my laps after I tried to rescue him from a burning house in a village called Andelai(Ashera -ask SGJ)on an Easter /Palm Sunday / Hosanna day,I believe in 1976 or so when I was only 9 yrs old or so.
        This natural process of Integration,apparently, that was PIA’s dream or vision, not through a malicious agenda but as a natural process through the 1000% will,wish and CONSENT of the people of Eritrea and ONLY if it becomes UNINEVITABLE!
        Who RUINED that possible case scenario?
        None but the TPLF Janda.

        • Mitiku Melesse

          Hei, Hope.
          I dont want to discuss what EPLF, Tplf or the history of Ethiopian governments based on your stand. I dont want Eritreans and Ethiopians would be in a hurry into planning how to implement any form of integration.

          What i really want is that let us not hinder what is happening to the common peoples of both countries doing because of the peace declaration. Let us give us time and enjoy each and every minute the miracle raining on both countries since the peace call of our beloved PM and astonishing answer by your president. How beautiful were those moments of Eritreans and Ethiopians went to streets and have shown the importance of the peace between our peoples. That image is the one washed all my griefs created by the senseless selfish meaningless greedy war. Then the family who were forced to be deported to their respective lands have reunited. That reunion is still is going on and make me emotional. The most heart-wrenching one was for me those people who live on the border where the war affected most. They way they rush to their families and kissed and hugged to one another. These are the ones who are forgotten but the excuse of the very NPNW. Even Jossy has no time for those ones.

          So Hope, let us enjoy the moment. Let us be the part of those who make the bridge. But with planning a strong and solid bridge. Not the kind of bridge which can be collapsed by a lunatic dictator who can send Eritreans or Ethiopians just because he or she doesn’t like the color of their eyes. After all don’t we have same color of eye. We even have same blood.

          Last not but least I want you to engage the oppositions of Eritrea to come back home. Talk to any opposition you know it is easier than you might think.

  • Paulos

    Selam Yohannes Zerai,

    Many thanks for the article. I wouldn’t see his call for love and forgiveness among other sublime moral certitude as a political philosophy per se but an improvised emergency room fix for race against time was of an at most essence—the nation was about to go off under its own nasty weight.

    More over, your take and Ethiopia’s unfortunate ethnically driven tension on par with products of colonial experience that had a blight stain in mainly sub-Saharan Africa seems a bit misplaced. The former’s departure from the latter is exactly in its lack of colonial experience, as such one can argue that what was taken as a panacea to the then prevailing social, political and economic challenges turned out to be the main canker that had promoted Abiy to call for moral imperatives as in love and forgiveness.

    To be more precise, EPRDF’s reading of the social reality of the country was ethnic disparity where a single ethnic group reigning over other nations and nationalities on the periphery. And perhaps in good faith, the governing body subscribed for ethnic based federal system. Again, what was thought to be an elixir gave rise to animosity and hatred instead. It was then, Abiy refused to land on the world of “isms” [not any kind of school of thought or political philosophy] but opted to improvise social cohesiveness based on an exalted common decency.

    “The state doesn’t own immortality for its salvation is here or never” dectates the credo of Realpolitik and Abiy was either too naive or too shrewd for his own good to bring “The City of God” here where Leviathan should feel at home instead. Give to God what belongs to God and give to Caesar what belongs to Caesar says, The Good Book. Again, thank you for the otherwise great article.

    • Yohannes Zerai

      Dear Paul,

      I thank you for your comment and for your input to the discussion. But I am afraid you have misunderstood what my article tries to convey vis-à-vis the issue(s) that your comment has focused on.

      My brief mention of Africa’s colonial past (or impact thereof) in the article was made strictly and just in connection with (i) my statement of fact that the definition of politico-geographic identity of African states is based on colonial boundaries and (ii) my argument that, as a result, PM Abiy Ahmed’s ‘colonial-borders-are-meaningless’ mantra is neither rational nor warranted. That is all I wrote, and did not try to link colonial experience to contemporary political, social, economic, etc. problems facing African countries.

      As a matter of fact, I consider the oft-observed tendency to blame all of Africa’s ills on colonialism and colonial experience as being nothing less than a cowardly act of evading responsibility and a deceptively delusional behavior. Consistent with this conviction, no distinction was made between African countries which have colonial legacies and those which do not when I wrote in the article about addressing “ … the tragic and dangerous dichotomies ….. as well as the deep-seated ethnic animosities that beset African societies today.”

      Thank you.

  • Mitiku Melesse

    Hei All.
    Why dont you Eritreans use this Abiy’s philosophy?

    What are you waiting for?

    If it works for Ethiopia it works for Eritrea.

    Many assumed that president Isaias accepted to revenge woyane. That was proved wrong. There is a difference between the ruling party and the opposition. But the hate exaggerates and twisted what to expect.

    Now Eritrea needs all of you. Be ready to forgive without expecting anything in return and make an exit for the very proud and grand father of Eritrea. This man and many mean truly what is best for Eritrea. And many who support the regime in Eritrea dont mean to hurt Eritrea or Eritreans. But your boycott and sabotage in the name of opposing is helping only the opportunists and corrupts and hurting Eritreans in or out.

    • Nitricc

      Hi Mitiku; I agree with you that there is no other way. You got to forgive but not forget. Ethiopia or Tigray lost nothing over the last 20 years but Eritrea and Eritreans? I don’t know if they can forgive. It is a miracle this country, Eritrea is standing. TPLF did everything to destroy Eritrea and her people but today TPLF look like a beaten hyena. However; I agree Eritrea and Eritreans must forgive once more and move on. One thing is certain; Ethiopia and Tigray will respect Eritrea and Eritreans.

    • Ayneta

      Mituku:
      It is amazing how things have changed from your side and now you are telling us to accept Isaias Afwerki (IA) as the solution of our probelms. You think your problems have been laid to rest with the sudden emergence of Abby and in a blink of an eye you are so blissful that you are telling to embrace IA. If you think Abby is the panacea for Ethiopia’s problems, it is fine, good luck. But stop being hypocritical and refrain from urging us to accept the unacceptable. We feel the same way that you had felt about the so-called Woyane before their days were down. Just mind your own business!

      • Mitiku Melesse

        Selam Ayneta.
        I understand you very well. First day i herd that Dr Abiy took over the PM position that all the sacrifices done at home by our brave men and women hijacked by tplf because i was expecting Ato Lemma would take over the PM position to save Ethiopia from the expected catastrophe. This unknown Abiy at least for me suddenly took over the pm position knowing how tplf works and thinks assumed by me that it was another mega project of tplf.

        During these crucial five months in Ethiopian history I have never seen such miracles done by revolutionary group or leaders taking seriously the facts on the grounds and 100 million people, So Ayenta before you judge me i want you to understand what Abiy is doing in Ethiopia (even for Eritrea) is good thing. Just right now all oppositions who waged war on Ethiopian government are at home. Peace with Eritrea. Political prisoners are free. Both divided church and mosque are united. Press freedom is beyond my expectation. So if i want what happens in Ethiopia right now happens what is the wrong thing i do?

        For the sake of my country I have to win myself and try to understand what Abiy is doing and telling us. He is doing it in practice and the results are good.

        So i am minding my own business when i tell you if Eritreans also use the new philosophy which could stop a government change without arms. There is no other way. I hope by now you have learnt people who sacrificed and liberated you free by guns want to own you forever.

        If you think only writing on web-pages make a change then by now you have learnt since it is now 27 years since your last liberators took power.
        In fact what you are doing is pushing your demand beyond reach because you are far from the reality in Eritrea. Meaning you are part of the problems.

    • Acria

      Selam Mitiku,
      You should know that there is no forgiveness without repentance and genuine reformation! Then and only then we will expect an ‘Eritrean Medemer’.

      • Mitiku Melesse

        Hei Acria.
        Do you understand me correct when i say meDemer philosophy in Eritrea?
        I repeat. What i mean is that Eritrea apply the new philosophy of Ethiopia in Eritrea so that the prisoners of Eritrea could be released, all the oppositions could come back to Eritrea; all exiles who wish could come back home. religious people could exercise their religion without the interference of the government, free press, etc.

        • Acria

          Selam Mitiku,
          What you have said are overdue conditions that should have been implemented a long time ago. Nevertheless, we don’t have the people in power initiating or implementing these changes. As long as the status quo remains in Eritrea, I am afraid to disappoint you that the idea of Medemer cannot be achieved.

    • Amanuel

      Hi MM
      You are right Eritrea needs all Eritreans and I don’t see any reason what worked for Ethiopia won’t work for Eritrea. However, who do you think should take the initiative and make the first move? In my opinion IA should invite all Eritreans to come together and reconcile with out any preconditions.

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam Yohannes,

    Excellent analysis on (a) on the categories of the public reaction (b) on the faulty conception of medemer (c) on his doublespeak on the border issue. Good job.

    • Mitiku Melesse

      Oh Amanuel.

      The faulty conception to whom?
      To people like you who gain on the success of Woayne ethnic based looting of Ethiopia and to suppress that looting by killing hundred thousand.

      Our ‘dubious’ pm celebrated Ethiopians new year with Eritrean soldiers. Was that in your dream? I think Debretsion felt the same. What an evil Pm!! How can woyane loot in the name of peace and war?

      Thanks God the peace has come. If Eritrean government wedges war demanding its sovereignty the number of Ethiopian casualties could be 10 times than the 1998. You know why. Yes you guess correct. The woyane generals were busy in looting Ethiopia in the name of Metec your prestigious projects. All of woyanes including you know what Metec has been doing ie bleeding Ethiopia for mamma Tigray. Thanks God again for the Eritrean military intelligence ignorance about our woyane/looters.

  • Simon Kaleab

    Selam all,

    The article says:

    1) “This characterization notwithstanding, the philosophy is too simplistic (and its symbolizing of “mathematical formulation” of “Addition” too rudimentary!)”

    – PM Abiy is not using ‘Medemer’ in the arithmetic sense, but in the sense of being ‘inclusive’. A very simple but not a simplistic concept

    2) ” the privileged vs. the depraved”

    – should be “the privileged vs. the deprived”.

    3) “Despite these truths, however, the Ethiopian leader has shown, in words and deeds, his willingness and readiness to do business with Isaias Afewerki.”

    – To start with, PM Abiy is not a spokesman for the Eritrean opposition [the walking dead]. Furthermore, a key principle of diplomatic behaviour between sovereign nations is non-interference in the internal affairs of each other.

    • Nitricc

      Hi Simon: I didn’t know you had it. Crisp, short to the point. One more point; you said
      [the walking dead] just the simple word DEAD, no more walking.

      • Saleh Johar

        Hi Nitricc,
        So you think me and my colleagues in the opposition are not only walking but dead? I would like a composed and honest answer, please.

        • Nitricc

          Greetings SG: hahahah No sir! You are not dead nor do I consider you as an opposition. I don’t know if you remember this but I have told you that I use my own definitions and views. I don’t follow because people said it or do it. One time, I said something regarding the government of Eritrea and the G-15 and the whole forum lost it and they kept asking me for my resource. I didn’t have one; I just look it that way. I was asked why the government of Eritrea is holding G-15 and the journalists without found guilty. I said, in civilians and criminal law, you are innocent until you are proven guilty but in politics and national security matters, you are guilty till you are proven innocent. This is totally my own observation and the way I see it. So, like I have said before, I see the current Eritrea as following:
          *The creators: Everyone who fought to free Eritrea belongs to
          this, including you.
          *The defenders: this everyone who defended Eritrea from
          1998-2000.
          *The nation builders: this is the task shoulders for young and educated Eritrean to take the nation to be worthy of all struggle, bloodand misery.
          *The Make-it-betters: This is with the people who are unsatisfied with what is going in the nation and they write against the government, they demonstrate to tell their disappointment to the white man. This is the reason I keep saying that Eritrea does not have opposition. Real opposition should not be confused with let’s make-it-betters! With fault finders! With investigative journalists! And of course; activists. So, our SJ belongs to one of the above but not to an opposition.
          Real opposition, with my own definition; it should have a political
          program that intends to execute. Distribute, educate, inform and debate why your political program is good and better for the country. Real opposition will have hundreds of active members and the leader of the opposition, his/her fulltime job is just leading
          the opposition. I consider Dr. Brhanu Nega as opposition. He left his family and his job to be a fulltime opposition figures. SG, since you asked me to be honest and that is my honest take.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Nitricc,

            Man, really. Are Eritreans from planet earth?

            You don’t know any Eritrean who left his family and his job to be a full time opposition figure?

            Berhe

    • Acria

      Selam Simon,
      I agree with the principle of “Medemer” not as simplistic as ‘Mathematical addition’. Medemer is working together to achieve peace, economic freedom, and remove the barriers of age-old tribalism that is the cause of our demise. Although you are right on the non-interference on the political affairs of a sovereign nation by another nation, it defeats the purpose of Medemer. For the concept of Medemer to work, IA had to invariably invite everybody, including ‘the dead”, ‘the walking dead”, “the nearly dead”, and etcetera.

      • Simon Kaleab

        Selam Acria,

        You said: “For the concept of Medemer to work, IA had to invariably invite everybody.”

        I agree with you.

        But it is not the job of PM Abiy to tell President Isaias what to do. That will be interference in the internal affairs of another country.

    • Yohannes Zerai

      Selam Simon Kaleab,

      I will try to respond below to some of the points you raised in your comment.

      1. In the paragraph that preceds the one from which you extracted the quote in Item #1 of your comment, my article states:

      “… a political philosophy that is rooted in the concept of Medemer or “Addition” – a notion of joining hands or ‘coalescence-in-spirit’ of social and political forces.”

      I am sure you will agree with me that this statement is no less an acknowledgement of the significance of the Medemer concept than is the word “inclusive” you used to refer to it in your comment. Therefore, your insinuation that I somehow diminished the weight of the concept is without any basis.

      As for your assertion that “PM Abiy is not using ‘Medemer’ in the arithmetic sense”, I can only refer you to a statement the PM himself made at an official function held in honor of the visiting Eritrean leader where he explained how his concept applied to the relationship between him and his guest as follows: “Eniena Isu [Isaias] snedemer, egna enhonalen!” (translated as “When I and Isu add up, we become Us!”). No reasonable person would see anything MORE than simple arithmetic in this statement — Nothing that can be claimed as a concept beyond that of a simple mathematical operation of addition!

      3. In the third Item of your comment, you presented (as quote) a truncated form of my argument on the subject at hand, and tried to ‘remind’ me that “PM Abiy is not the spokesman for the Eritrean opposition [the walking dead].” But you conveniently left out (in fact ignored) the statements that appear in the same short paragraph from which you selectively extracted your preferred quote. That paragraph does in fact proceed to state:

      “It is, therefore, puzzling how the ideals and principles that the PM advocates, if indeed genuine, allowed him to accept the tyrant as “partner” in an effort to bring peace, democracy, and progress to the region!” In short, it is unbecoming of a leader that claims honesty and integrity and advocates democracy, justice, human dignity, fairness, righteousness, love, etc. to build and enjoy extraordinary personal friendship and political alliance with an exceptional tyrant who demonstrated his cruelty and belligerence to the world for over a quarter century. This is a question of principle and integrity, not a case of seeking a “spokesman” for one’s cause!!

      Thank you

      • Simon Kaleab

        Selam Yohannes,

        1) You do not seem to be aware that the operation of ‘Addition’ is valid only for numbers not for ‘Sets’ which are an aggregate or a collection of things. A Set could have no element/member, one element or many elements or infinite number of elements. By ‘Medemer’ Abiy means the Set operation of ‘Union’ or ‘Join’ by inclusion. Unfortunately, there are no equivalent terms either in Amharigna or in Tigrigna.

        2) PM Abiy can promise heaven and earth to his followers but he will follow diplomatic protocol by not telling Isaias what to do and not to do in relation to the internal affairs of Eritrea.

  • Reclaim Abyssinia

    Happy Abyssinic new year to all!!

    I love holidays! I celebrate everything, Islamic Eid, All Easter, x-mas, Mayday, Labour day, Irreecha, etc etc.

    Obviously, Abiy love celebration too! Which makes us two.

    Is it possible to overcome evil with good?
    Some say Yes, others say its a weakness.
    Bob Marley said, yes, you can win “Good over Evil” in his song called “War”

    So is it possible to suggest that Abiy might be a rasta-man?

    I think everyone knows what’s Rasta means.
    According to wiki “Rastafari lives by the people and with the people in one love.”

    Do you think Abiy’s exercise of love is winning IA heart? Time will tell!

    I try to see what it mean by Medemer across Mereb. I think Gonder, Adigrat, and Asmara had a great economic tie for a long time across Mereb.
    Gonder enjoyed a great trade relation with Eritrea in crops and cereal export. I think Gonder will be better-off to lookup, than down to Jawar.
    I tried to write this little Gettem..

    I love my beer in MedMer,
    malted-barley from Gondar.
    Chilled and brewed in Asmara,
    Let’s take it down to Massawa.
    Sipping it one after another,
    Until I go down-under.
    Cheers,
    Don’t forget to celebrate!

  • Blink

    Dear Yohannes
    You are too late John really late , at this hour no one really care what people like you in the West think because people are just happy this Abiy thing is not like the past weyane poor soul war mongering news , the soldiers are putting their weapons and boots to rest , wife and children are relieved from war news , western countries are going to stop funding for trashy politics for Eritreans to run away and Eritreans inside Eritrea will do their job in getting their rights and this right do not depend on these who live in diaspora or anyone out side because they have seen the product and what we did with our Ethic, religious and vendetta attitude .The reason for this peace is Abiy only Abiy . For this good news , these two people set their guns to rest and are hi fiving for peace so what exactly are you complaining about ? You never know what in the plan is wether it is good or bad you have no say and that is what happens with dictators, it is not like Issias pop up now , he was there if you in case try to paint many , you wanted the no peace no war to stick there until you pop up from your own costume of complaining . In the so called Habesha history there was no such thing( peaceful ) even in their 3000 years of false historical claims be it brotherly or as neighbors , Abiy come with peace and people are accusing just like babies because they are not in the table to negotiate for themselves. The fact dictators can make peace is not new even though they do it to their benefits . What exactly are you accusing Abiy ? You are accusing for not using his tanks to take you to Eritrea , why don’t you do it yourself , who is protecting you from doing it ? The hypocrisy in accusing Abiy is unheard of but what else can no future people do ? You do not represent the Eritrean people, you are in no way stating the wish of Eritreans but just your own small cornered view that take no where . Still you have the chance to accept the peace and ask for Change in Eritrea but such accusations are simply irresponsible and are against the reality on the ground . The NO MEDMER thing is simply going to rotte there and no one will notice if they ever existed .

  • Haile S.

    Selam Yohannes,
    No wonder you were silent for the last few weeks. Not that you were a daily presence in the forum, but given the unprecedented movements in the horn of Africa, I was expecting you to increase the frequency of your input. Now, reading you this morning, I was not deceived at all. I now know, you were concocting your powerful analysis.
    Obviously, as the title indicates, your talk is on PMAA. However, it is very telling that his nemesis and partner of photos and huggings is out of the substance of your talk despite the permanent presence of his shadow. Lately, he has become a ghost to the very people he is supposed to be revealed. He looks happy with the crumbs he was given over a paper. He was so much deprived for 2 decades that little suffices to satisfy him. Simillarly, he thinks little will satisfy the Eritrean people that he deprived them of everything for more than 2 decades. Furtheremore, he is accelerating the agreements and the contracts and bids (based on what we hear from media outlets that don’t exist in his country) like there is no tomorrow, building dams of done-deals that he thinks no one will undo. It even looks like he is placing Eritrea to be a hostage of agreements he is signing, with no choice at the risk of going back to at best the no-war no-peace (NWNP) situation of yesterday. In fact, has the situation really changed a lot from the NWNP for the Eritrean living in his country? I don’t think so. It even looks like still raining without those clouds.
    So far, Ethiopia released or gave Eritrea only a piece of the cake-of-peace that it deprived Eritrea for almost 2 decades and Ethiopia is consuming every bit of that piece thanks for the most part to the so called president who is tying Eritrea’s hands and gagging its mouth.

    I agree with you, Eritrea and Eritreans should be part of the debate on what to do of the imposed colonial borders in Africa, but only when they are respected as a complete partner as defined by the very borders, by the so considered defunct borders. And it is within their right to challenge their shadow and the standing enabling Ethiopian PM. So a question for you Yohannes, how do Eritreans capitalize on the recent call of the former eritrean finance minister Mr Berhane Abrehe to bring the much sought positive changes? Thanks

    • Natom Habom

      selaaaaam haile
      her we go again you pop up from nowhere የ ቅን ጭራቅ ,ዘይትየድመር ግዳ ፣ኣህዋትካ ይህደኑ ኣለዉ ፣ንኦም ክትብሉ peace is good our people need it on both side for god sake stop negative comment and stop fantasizing that something will happen in Eritrea
      THE GAME IS OVER FOR YOU

      • Haile S.

        Natom Habom,
        If you want to throw a spear, be a human. It is your game that is close to Over. ጥሪት እሞ ወሲዶመን፡ ጸርፊ ግና ዝሓደግናሎም የብልናን.

    • Yohannes Zerai

      Dear Haile,

      Thank you very much for your positive remarks about the article and for the insight you provided on related issues in your comment.

      As you correctly observed, Eritrea’s dictator was not the subject of my article — not even as a secondary player/actor. But even if I had wanted to write about him, I frankly would not have been able to do or say more than simply reciting a list of the things he has been doing and with which we are all familiar. These include such things as the trips he conducted, the visits he hosted, the agreements he entered into, the number of delegations (comprising the same boring duo) he sent to neighboring countries, etc. As things stand, one cannot make heads or tails of the guy’s activities, hence conduct a sensible analysis of where he is heading and make a prediction of what he may end up doing and/or producing in the near- and middle-term.

      All that can be said with certainty at the moment is that the dictator is acting as if he is running out of time and is visibly scrambling to, most likely, (i) do as much damage as possible to others and (ii) have as much of his evil plans and dreams translated into action. How much he will succeed in his effort and how long he will be able to continue his engagement in frantic activities will, I believe, become clear before too long.

      Turning to your question regarding Minister Berhane Abrehe, I believe that before we can identify a meaningful role for ourselves, we must ask lots of questions about the Minister’s recent actions and the circumstances that allowed him to take those actions. And, of course, we must find answers to all or most of them. Just to give few examples of those questions, why is the Minister still safe and sound in Asmara/Eritrea? What is behind his inviting IA to a “debate” — something that is totally alien to post-independence Eritrea and unfamiliar to majority of Eritreans inside the country? Why is he demanding that IA convene a meeting of the national assembly (Hagerawi Baito) when he knows that the number of living, un-imprisoned and un-exiled Baito members is very unlikely to be large enough to make a quorum for a meeting? Who, besides himself, is Minister Berhane representing in his daring challenge against IA? OR MORE GENERALLY, have there been new political conditions, open and/or clandestine, that may have developed in the country concurrent with Mr. Berhane’s recent actions? Etc., etc.,etc.

      Finally, at the risk of sounding outlandish in my views, I would like to express a sense that I have for a likely existence of a relation between the not-so-well-understood actions of Minister Berhane and the ongoing fast-paced, frantic activities of President Isaias Afewerki. For now, let us leave the issue at that while agreeing that time will tell!

      Thank you

  • Mitiku Melesse

    Hei Yohanes Zeray.
    Good summary of the miracles happening in Ethiopia with the new PM of Ethiopia with new philosophy MedDemer. The Amharic word he uses መደመር ( Medemer ) with D stressed will have the equivalent of ‘to be integrated’ rather than ‘addition’.

    But you twisted the conclusion based on your stand on the Eritrean government. 5 months ago we Ethiopians even Eritreans too know where Ethiopia has been. As Eritrean if this grate leader couldn’t divert the catastrophe by now you and this web-page only share our sorrow while we engulfed by the rage which was fermented and catalyzed by the woyane for its greedy plan.

    But if your intention is that this leader must do what ever he is doing in Eritrea too then i dont know even what to say.

    Other wise this great man resolved the great tension with Eritrea or as you call it Isayas afraid by many. THis great man of ours stopped millions Ethiopian diasporas who politically and military waged war on the government. Not only that they are flooding Ethiopia in land and air. You dont have to be Ethiopia to notice this and how many millions salvage their lives by what is happening by the new philosophy. The activists both in and out of the country have started to use their power to something positive.

    In short think of for a while what do you think of all what is happening in Ethiopia right now is happening in Eritrea.

    • Brhan

      Hi Mistiku,
      ” 5 months ago we Ethiopians” …By Ethiopians do you mean the old concept of Ethiopians i.e. mainly Amhara + to some extent Amharized Oromos, Gurages…or Ethiopians including the Somali, Afar?
      Do you believe a Somali = to Amhara in now days Ethiopia and did you regret that he was not before during the King H. Slase or the Derg who wanted only the lands but not the people. I think you have a lot of home work. Charity begins at home!!

      • Mitiku Melesse

        Hi brhan.
        I am just enjoying a tv program direct from Ethiopia about a reunited Eritrean family in addis. They are enjoying too the fruits of meDemer. And from the philosophy of meDemer there is one i can use on you ‘minus’ hate speech and jealousy.

        But dont be jealous the philosophy says also tow nations and one people. So you can use what is ours . Meaning you can use meDemer in Eritrea.

        • Brhan

          I thought you were talking politics. This forum seriously discusses politics.

    • Acria

      Selam Mitiku,
      You know what is happening to the Eritrean people? From nothing to shock! We don’t have the likes of Abiy in Eritrea. So, I don’t know how you expect Eritrean ‘Medemer to work? The mantra that has been working in Eritrea has been ” Mekenes”. Someone who has been thinking [M-] all his life can’t be expected to think [M+]. Got it? With his people?

    • Yohannes Zerai

      Selam Mitiku Melesse,

      Thank you for your comment which I read with great interest. I understand that the couple of remarks that you directed to me are in essence similar to those made on the same thread by Simon Kaleab. As such, my response to your remarks are not going to be much different in spirit than that of my rejoinder to his comment; I therefore kindly ask you to please refer to that rejoinder.

      Thank you

  • AMAN

    Dear Aawates
    .
    Greetings
    .
    I 100% agree with this astute observation and lucid explanation by Yohannes Zerai regarding the political discourse and reality of our Horn region and specially
    Ethio – Eritrea relations.
    Had it not for the brakes put on the new generation by the old guard of the PFDJ and the TPLF to guarantee our inclusion
    and participation AND safeguard our interests (those of us in the opposition and the diaspora), these NewGen of Hidri, Simret or Agaazian would have finished us and swept us and our chance
    and opportunities and seal and finish us permanently forever. I am now happy on behalf of the diasporas and opposition that we have got second chance. Let us seize this opportunity and secure our political survival and participation in the rapidly unfolding and fast changing Geo- politics of our time. I am gratefull to those PFDJ and TPLF old guards for saving us though they didn’t know it or without knowing it.
    I am personally glad and happy that I survived this sweeping dangerous political tsunami by the Agaazian movement which would potentially entirely change the whole Horn of Africa
    reality for we had been in deep sleep that
    we didn’t saw it coming.
    So certainly the current political reality and the administration of PM Abiy is a
    rare gift and opportunity to us at the loss of this dangerous movement that could take it all home entirely and permanently.