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Berhane Becomes the First Casualty of the Jeddah Agreement

This morning, former minister Berhane Abrehe, who authored two books and publicly challenged Isaias Afwerki,  warning him to avoid signing any national agreements before consulting the Eritrean parliament, was arrested in Asmara. His wife has been in jail for almost a year.

The arrest was expected since many observers thought it was imminent. His arrest was timed with the arrival of Isaias from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, after signing a yet-unknown agreement with the Ethiopian prime minister.

The signing ceremony was concluded under the auspices of King Salman Bin Abdulaziz of Saudi Arabia.

Over the last three weeks, while many Eritreans hoped Berhane’s move would galvanize Eritreans, others saw it as a futile grandstanding in the face of Isaias’ expected wrath.

Abraham, Isaias’ son

Last week Isaias took his son Abraham to the border opening ceremony at Zalaambess, one of the bloodiest scenes during the last war between Ethiopia and Eritrea that ended in 2000. Abraham attended the ceremony in the company of the Eritrean delegation which included ministers and other senior officials. On Sunday, Abraham was also present at the Jeddah ceremony accompanying his father, though he has no formal position in the Eritrean government.

Eritrea and Ethiopia are neither members of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (ICO) nor the Arab League (AL) and it’s not known in what capacity the Saudi monarch assumed the responsibility of hosting the signing of the agreement in which he invited António Guterres, the UN Secretary-General,  Moussa Faki, the Secretary of the African Union, and other dignitaries. Paul Kagame, the current chair of the African Union (AU) was not present at the signing ceremony.  In December 2000, when Eritrea signed the Algiers peace agreement in Algeria, Abdulaziz Bouteflika was the chair of the African Union.

Both Eritrea and Ethiopia belong to the African Union and Ethiopia is a founding member of Organization of African Union, the forerunner of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) which was founded in 1963

Historically, African countries pushed back any meddling in African affairs by other countries, and many diplomats are wondering why Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are meddling in inter-African affairs while the AU and the UN are limited to an observer role.

Saudi-Emirate Positioning

Meanwhile, the Saudi monarch had taken serious steps to limit the role of his son Mohammed Bin Salman, who almost made his father, the king, irrelevant. The push by prominent Saudis is believed to have come due to their disapproval of the regional politics in which Saudi Arabia is perceived as a junior partner to the United Arab Emirates, in the coalition that Saudi Arabia assembled to fight what it considers an Iranian influence in Yemen.

The Saudi establishment has convinced the monarch to curtail the activities of his son and assume full control of the kingdom’s affairs. His son, the Saudi Arabian heir apparent, is perceived to be playing a junior role in the affairs of the Gulf and Horn of Africa under Mohammed Bin Zayed, the UAE heir apparent. Many Saudis believe the perception undermines the Saudi leadership and prestige

Mohammed Bin Zaid, the UAE heir apparent, did not attend the Jeddah ceremony; his brother, Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the foreign minister, attended the ceremony representing the UAE.

In what seemed to be an assertion of leadership, On Sunday, the Saudi King awarded Isaias Afwerki and Abiy Ahmed with The Order of King Abdulaziz. Two months ago, Mohammed Bin Zaid had awarded Isaias and Abiy Ahmed with the Order of Zayed, the highest civil honor in the UAE.

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  • Abi,

    Oh. then shouldn’t the “We will see Eritrea north of Etiopia”, for you, be NPV
    and “… northern Ethiopia” be PPV. What kind of irredentist are you anyway?

    maybe you are ritght and maybe I am onto something…

    tSAtSE

  • Selamat Abi,

    You have got a lot of milage out of htis one. Not sure if i get the
    ppv/NPV?NNPV accronyms or multipliers. I beg your pardon but it went right above my head. What is V? Perhaps Denmarikino, who understood you right away, can explain.
    Well played as in you have utilized it to your whims but I am afraid you don’t get my prediction either.

    Hade NeTbi 61803…
    tSAtSE

    PS: your NPVs..NNPVs sound like PV and FV as in present and future values of assets, very common acronyms in actuarial science. Hence my curiosity of your wit..

  • said

    Greetings Abdulworld
    “The smart way to keep people passive and obedient is to strictly limit the spectrum of acceptable opinion but allow very lively debate within that spectrum.”– Noam Chomsky.
    You know, and you understood full well the virtue of humility. we’re all speculators now with no power to effect, whether we know it or acknowledge it. For just a moment. But I would humbly suggest, to realise you might perhaps be better off looking in the mirror? who-am-I-to-judge .in the grand scale of things that happing in our region and beyond.
    Our people in Eritrea, or if you chose to think of Yemen of a moment These are the forgotten of the earth. Million of lives on the brink of death or struggles don’t register in a corporate press beholden to profits and enamored by spectacle. Their suffering, struggle and tragedies, though measured in the hundreds of thousands if not more in millions for sure, Dead children in the dozens, a never-ending air campaign that pays scant heed to civilians, famine, cholera, you name it. Some appalling numbers document the anguish Yemenis have endured. don’t spur media blaze, Facebook, hashtag movements, or generate round the clock coverage on network and CNN, BBC and tens of cable news
    you chose to validate your trivial opinion. Surely there have been greater offenses that you know well. “The perfect balance between journalism and opinion or reverence and contempt. “admitting your imperfections. saying sorry and moving forward. although at the moment As usual I am destructed I will get of my mainline and I will back it instantly, I am trying to get one’s mind around the minutiae of the brouhaha is almost as difficult as trying to describe the Trinity itself. Maybe you can explain the mystery you seem to understand and know a lot of staff, you may try to solve it once and for all and if this difficult for you as it is a mystery. if not tell us the three Trojans losing a battle with a sea serpent, it should be a lot easy and then I will try to answer your question hopefully in Abdulworld I get (4 out of 4 ) this remind as reported In an oft-reported exchange between Gertrude Stein, an American widely known for her wisdom and glittering 1920s Parisian literary salon, and one of her earnest admirers, the admirer asked her – “What are the answers, Madame Stein?” She replied, “What are the questions?”
    I will just answer you what journalism is all about Robert Parry. Parry was “a trailblazer for independent journalism”, wrote Seymour Hersh, with whom he shared much in common. Parry set up his own independent news website Consortium News, where, in a final piece following a stroke, he referred to journalism’s veneration of “approved opinions” while “unapproved evidence is brushed aside or disparaged regardless of its quality.” Leaving Awate site on the side with in todays World or let say ABULWORLD many if not most independent journalists barred or ejected from the “mainstream”, media, a corner of the Internet has become a vital source. In brief Awate is source of information. website offers consistently independent And I add an evidence-based analysis and true journalism.
    So we are left with a stark choice to be informed or not. Please score my Two cent opinion. ready to be corrected

  • Abraham H.

    Hello abdulworld, I don’t understand what people mean when they use the phrase ‘silent majority’ as regards to Eritreans. In my view, the best description of the great majority of Eritreans should be ‘apathetic majority’-apathetic in terms of freeing themselves from the shackles of the dictatorship, instead striving to outlive or evade the hardship, something that doesn’t give a lasting solution.

    • abdulworld

      Hello Abraham,
      I am using “Silent majority” as phrase I got from his forum. I think it is generally used for democratic countries like America where you have extreme ends of righ/left being the most vocal- so the majority fall into “silent majority”… I believe that is origin of the phrase.
      In terms of Eritrean whether at home or diaspora- I wouldn’t call them silent majority.. I think just they don’t know what to do with pro/anti government division which are photocopy of each other..
      To influence normal or critical thinking people.. they need reliable information and when they find a reliable source information they can trust… you slowly influence them…
      You can’t really influence anyone if there is no Trust… the social and political genius of history understand this.. the cycle usually is understand the people, find way to get their attention, do the handwork of trust-building, then influence…
      Of course, this approach is more for civic society and guerilla movement..

  • Hameed Al-Arabi

    Salam Awates,

    TIMING OF ARRESTING FORMER MINISTER BERHANE ABREHE SPEAKS A LOT

    Why does former minster Berhane Abrehe arrest happen immediately after Jeddah confederation pact? Let us start with the beginning of the scene. First, former minister Berhane Abrehe has written two books in which he condemns Isaias. Secondly, he has made his book to be printed outside Eritrea. Third, he has issued an audio record that openly instructs and challenges Isaias. All these steps taken by Berhane Abrehe has intimidated Isaias from taking an immediate arrest against him. Isaias may have thought this bold move may hide behind it a very serious planned developments. He was refrained from arresting him immediately until he completes the process of confederation with his intimate friend, Dr. Medemer. Of course, if Dr. Medemer intervenes to suppress any rebellion before Jeddah Treaty it will be considered aggression against a sovereign nation; therefore, they have to sign the agreement that will allow the intervention of Ethiopia into Eritrean issues. The moment the deal has completed, Isaias has felt bold to arrest former minister Berhane Abrehe.

    The boldness of Isaias will not end here with minister Berhane Abrehe, but transcens him to all who were in his service. Isaias now is in a new world where he is overwhelmed with love, where he is worshiped by tens of millions of Ethiopians and guarded the army and security forces of mamma Ethiopia. In the eyes of Eritreans Isaias is a dictator, but in the eyes of Ethiopians he is a hero. They have welcomed him by millions and sent him to smiles, shames, kissing his hands and touching his throat thinking it is his heart. He is no more in need of Eritreans, the entire Ethiopian army, security and people are in his service.

    Allow me brothers to announce to you a very sad breaking news: The Eritrean Defense Forces, the Eritrean Security Apparatus, the ministers, ambassadors, supporters and apologizers of Isaias are all out of service (ደስኪሎም). Anyone who hears this announcement try to inform brother Semere Tesfai, brother Mahmoud Salih, brother Gheteb and the rest about their (ምድስካሎም). Excuse me, the list is too long to name all of them. Thank in advance for your cooperation.

    Lastly, I strongly warn Dr. Medemer to conspire with Isaias against the people of Eritrea and their national sovereignty. I am afraid Dr. Medemer not to end up to Dr. Meqenes.

    • Acria

      Selam abdulworkd,
      Interesting analysis. I was hopping that Mr. Abrehe Berhane’s criticism of our DIA was a conspiracy between the two of them to fool the World that freedom of press does exist in Eritrea. That was a naivete on my part to hope that our DIA may change now that there is peace agreement with Ethiopia. I have a great respect for Mr. Berhane that he was not afraid to challenge our DIA. It is too bad thought that Eritreans at home are asleep. On the other hand, Eritreans haven’t tasted any democracy yet; and, it is no wonder why we are not yearning democracy dearly. Thus the reason for the stagnancy (ምድስካሎም) of the Eritreans at home. This is one reason why our DIA, his supporters, and his sycophants are acting unhinged.

      If you remember the speech by our DIA at the Addis Ababa Millennium Hall, he stated that no one will be a hindrance about the progress of peace between Ethiopia and Eritrea. At the same time and place, PMAA stated that Ethiopia will share Assab with Issue. The mention of Assab was very hurtful for Eritreans but was a godsent message for Ethiopians. Therefore, our DIA, as you have mentioned it above, does have the full support of the majority of Ethiopians, including the security apparatus. Thus, our misery continues.

      • Hameed Al-Arabi

        Salam Acria,

        A GROSS IDLENESS (ምድስካል ብጃምላ)

        In his mission towards his mother, Isaias beguiled Eritreans and utilized them to the maximum for the benefit of his Mamma.

        You are right our misery will continue until we rectify what has gone wrong, and give a significant lesson to Isaias and those who revolve around him. Of course, the knocking slap was very strong to those who stood on his side till the end of the film. I hope they will recover soon from their unconsciousness and kick back strongly upto they crumple all what Isaias has knitted during his voyage to his Mamma.

        Really, I feel very sad for terminating them all from their job in one stroke (ምድስካል ብጃምላ). The stroke comprise: Military Generals, Eritrean Defense Forces, Eritrean Security Forces, Ministers, Ambassadors, Hafash Wudubat, Supporters, Apologists, and Sympathizers. I wonder when some confused guys ask why he didn’t inform us. No need my friend to inform you; you are used and been thrown to dust bin. Do you ever hear a person looks again for a waste he has thrown in a garbage bin? If the mission was for Eritrean he would have informed, but it was for the benefit of his Mamma and his friend, Dr. Medemer.

        Before a couple of days, I have watched a you-tube that reports about a meeting in Washington DC that shows an idle guy( ድስኩል) encourages loiters (ድስኩላት) to continue their worn out service. I guess the dictum ዓባይ በግዕ ዕያውቲ ሒዛ ትጠፊእ exactly applied to him.

  • Paulos

    Abinism,

    Only a smart guy like you can find the hay in a haystack. Not many people see the obvious. The struggle is between Irredentists in Ethiopia and Nativists in Eritrea. Not sure if you know of Dawit Shilan. He is the most famous singer in Eritrea. In fact, people say, he is Isaias’ fav after Wedi T’quabo left. Dawit Shilan recently reconnected with his Ethiopian father in Zalambessa. So far, the score is Irredentists 1 and Nativists 0.

    • Abi

      Paul
      Last time the wardiya ( referee) showed me a yellow card for calling Eritrea a province. I don’t want a red card or a wardiya በትር this time around.
      Irredentism has always been alive in Ethiopia when it comes to Qey Bahirachin. I’m not sure if it applies to the whole country.
      Anyway way the score will be 3-0 before the game ends. Your coach is bought…

      • Aligaz G

        Abi,

        You mean the referee. Believe me Irredentisim as in the Crimea is a nonstarter. And I really think the appetite for war on both sides has gone down to zero. Anyway the majority is below 25 in age and had no thoughts about the Red Sea until the last few months. To tell the truth the big worry coming up is overpopulation not ports.

        • Abi

          Hi Aligaz
          I strongly disagree. What you see in the last few months is the result of the last 27 illegal giveaway of the ports. Although the majority of Ethiopians are young in their age, they are well aware of the importance of a sea access. One of the things that put TPLF against the people is the port issue.

          Don’t worry about population explosion. We have got ourselves a nice real estate with swimming pool…
          I hope some people will relocate over there in the coming 5 years. This will answer Paul’s question.

          • Aligaz G

            Abi,

            There is a huge perspective change when you live in country vs being a happy go lucky flame throwing diaspora which I was for a 30 plus years. One of the huge problems created by ethnic federalism is that there is no way to advocate population control without crossing over into interethnic rivalries. Overpopulation leads directly to competition over resources feeding back into the interethnic rivalry. Abiy is spending a lot of his time reassuring various tribes that the country is big enough for all of us. Democratization is itself being driven by the overwhelming requirement to equitably allocate resources. Think on this – in one generation we are expected to reach 150 million meaning every year we have to find jobs for more than 3 million citizens. The ports in Eritrea are no different than the ports of Djibouti or Kenya they are in another sovereign nation and we will not be able to annex them and more importantly there is no appetite for this sort of adventure by the people of Ethiopia anymore. I am afraid you are a little bit out of touch on this.

          • Abraham H.

            Dear Aligaz G, as you said, i think access to seaports is the least Ethiopia should worry about, but the ever increasing inter-ethnic rivalry is the main enemy to its security and stability. Ethiopians have already access to Dgjiboutian, Kenyan, Sudanese, and Somalian ports. And soon, they are going to have acess to existing Eritrean ports, as well as ports it could develop in partnership with the neighboring countries. Relations between Eritrea and Ethiopia regarding access to ports should not and couldn’t be different from how such relations are conducted between sovereign states in the world.

          • Nitricc

            Ras Abi; you had once chance at your dream of Eritrean ports. If TPLF had succeeded planting a pupate government in Eritrea as they tried for the last 20 years, then Eritrea supposed be like Somalia. Once this done, the plan was to administer Eritrea by remote control and take the ownership of the ports. Once that accomplished, the two Tigrigna speaking would have formed one strong control that will undermine the lowlanders of Eritrea and the rest of Ethiopia. BUT now; NO sir. Eritrea is not only survived but alive and kicking. Eritrea future never been as secure as ever. So, sure, Eritrea will work with you but only with peace and respect of Eritrean sovereignty. Any thing else, well you know the Eritrean stick.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Dr Paulos,

      Are you calling for those who stood for “Eritrean sovereignty” as “nativist”? I don’t get it. Need more clarification.

      • Paulos

        Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

        It means ደቀ’ባት as in those who trace their roots for generations to a specific ዓዲ።

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Dr Paulos,

          Thank you for the clarification.

        • Saleh Johar

          Paulos,
          You forgot this: and those who cannot even produce their own birth certificate to prove their originality let alone that of their ancestors five or six genrayion back:-)

          • Paulos

            Selam Ayay,

            Those who can not prove, resort into force and violence so that Nativism loses its meaning. ሓደ-ህዝቢ ሓደ-ልቢ becomes a charade to silence Nativists.

        • David Samson

          Selam Paul,
          I bet the ዓዲ politics should get on well with your favourite politician: Hiruiy Tedla.
          He called the powers in Eritrea as ‘Asmarini, not Asmarinos’.

          • Amde

            Selam David Samson

            You mean AsmariNoes vs AsmariYeses

            I will see myself out…

    • Selamat Denmarkino AArkey Professor Paulos,

      True. The struggle is indeed between irredentists in Ethiopia and Nativist ወይ ደቀባት in Eritrea. And yes irredentists are up 1. But what is your point? Nativists are a dwendeling bunch globaly it seems. In the our irredentists case they are merely favored temporarily by the fleeting sentiments of the majority. It don’t quite workout as easily in real time and place.

      Hade neTbi 61803….
      tSAtSE

      • Paulos

        Selam Tsatse Arkey,

        The tension is not uncommon. It happens between nations quite often. The only way where Eritrea can weaken the Irredentist drive from Ethiopia is when Eritrea is economically strong. The key for assertive foreign policy of any nation is determined by its economic standing. The stronger the economy, the stronger its influence in its neighbors.

        • Amde

          Selam Paulos

          “Economically Strong” .. well..

          1. Does it matter if it is absolute or relative? , i.e. “We are not as strong as those Ethiopians, but we good” or “Our economy is/must be stronger”

          2. What if integration is the ticket to “Economically strong”?

          Amde

  • haileTG

    Selam george,

    Whether you answer or not is really redundant as long as you’ve heard the question. It will always pop up in your mind as that is what the mind does when an issue is not resolved. E.g. don”t think about YPGDJ in the next 10 seconds. You see your mind wondered off and thought about it. So, the question is now fixed in your mind and you will always wonder why IA pull off people from the street.

  • Nitricc

    Senabs; What do I get out of this? You must an Arab slave. Help if you can and if not go F*** yourself.

  • Hameed Al-Arabi

    Salam Hope,

    I request you to visit 1962 Eritrean history and how the federation was dissolved. Remember the federation was under the patronage and resolution of UN security council. You can also read about how South and North Yemen, two sovereign countries, united and became one country. I would like to remind you the two governments agreed to be one country and the UN had not a say in it, they have just to accept what the two governments agreed upon.

  • Hameed Al-Arabi

    Salam @george,

    Your rebuttal is very weak, it lacks rationality. I think it can’t even persuade a fool person.

    Al-Arabi

  • Saleh Johar

    Hi abdulworld,
    I apologize in advance but just to illustrate how one can feel reading your comments. I believe you could improve a little on your condescending attitude. You come as a person full of himself and your comments do not have an engaging spirit. As much as I admire your obvious intelligence, sometimes I feel you should get off your high horse and stop acting as a classroom monitor, or a teacher with a red pen. For a criticism to sink in and be effective, it needs to convey some class, not depicting the sneer you seem to wear on your face–please check your comments and clear the fuming arrogance, please. Just a thought.

  • ሰላማት ሳም፡

    ሕሹኽ ኢየ ዝብል ኔረ Sam, sAm, saM, SAm, SAM! ኣይ ሕሹኽታኻ አንድዩ ዓው ዓው ዝፋጠረ! Speaking of HiShukhta, you will agree that the Minister’s books and subsequent call for a change of leadership through the reconvening of Eritrea’s remaining legislatures does have major significance as to directing the way forward. Sooner or later, when the momentum picks up, there will be such questions as to how Eritrea is to be lead or governed. Surely, the DIA and PFDJ themselves will tamper and fool arround the idea by bringing forth center stage the heir apparent. Either way, Eritreans will be asking the question: What was all the journey and sacrifices all about? And they themselves will give the answere based on their dire necessities. If the right of the individual citizen including the right of participation in governing the State is not one of top dire needs of the Eritrean people, then my friend the Eritrea that all “have waited for and did not show up” will not ever show up and we can start and expect some sort of new fusion of the Erithopia/Ethioritrea real soon.

    Hade neTbi 61803…
    tSAtSE

  • Paulos

    Selam My Good People,

    For some reason experts can not put their hands on, humans are not equipped with a deep time concept. That is to say, our mind can not foresee with certainty events unfolding in the future due to confounding factors among other things. But given critical factors at play, we can guesstimate outcomes with a degree of certainty.

    In Medicine for instance, experts use a parameter called “Positive Predictive Value”, PPV or NPV. Say for example, a patient comes with all the symptoms of Malaria and if the patient lives in an area where Malaria incidence or prevalence is high, then the PPV that the patient indeed has Malaria is high and the opposite is true for NPV. That said, where do you see Eritrea in five years?

    • Selamat Denmarkino AArkey Profesor Paulos,

      The disrespect and disregard for the Eritrean People is indicated by the date in which the arrest of Former Minister of Finance Berhane Berhe occured, The GoE and DIA called the Minister’s bluf and are taunting their unmittigated power in the land of Eritrea. Granted, one can say they are utilizing the people’s deistractions to the event of opening up the border and gambling on the people’s hope for better days to come and would not be receptive for good times or party spoilers such as this arrest, BUT it is not as if there is no precedence in Eritrea’s short history. If a GoE and or a Dictatorship is to keep trampling on individual rights as it has done along then my friend with out providing you with several senarios of the means I will jump to the end of five years: There will be no State called Eritrea PERIOD.

      Hade neTbi 61803
      tSAtSE

      • Acria

        Selam GitSAtSE,

        “The disrespect and disregard for the Eritrean People” started long before the arrest of Mr. Abrehe Berhane: the arrest of teachers in 1993, the killing of our disabled veterans, the arrest of the G15, the arrest of the 93-years-old Ato Haji Musa and his subsequent death in prison, and many more ‘Ghif’Es’ perpetuated by the DIA and his juntas. “The ‘State of Eritrea” will be substituted with “Semenawi Kelel”, for better or for worse.

      • Paulos

        Selam Tsatse Arkey and Acria,

        Consider this: We envied the Eagles and Pigeons flying and conquering the sky, simply because we are grounded to the merciless gravity. We didn’t resign in despair, we invented airplanes instead. We envied the Cheetahs and the Antelopes simply because we couldn’t run fast like them. We didn’t resign in despair, we invented cars instead.

        The irresistible need to break free from seemingly unmitigated constraint is the core of human element. Day one into this life starts with breaking free when the umbilical cord is cut. And the struggle to break free starts that very same day in a rather paradoxical way when Man searches for his place in this world. What if he is told that he doesn’t belong anywhere? Should he resign in despair? He resorts into reason so that he can break free. What if reason is crushed with a brute force? He appeals to a collective human conscience.

        The struggle between human conscience, reason against brute force as a function of time sets the stage on what determines the future. If the past is any witness at all, the former two prevailed over the latter and very unlikely for the outcome to be any different this time around either. Simply because, in a paradoxical way brute force is weak.

        • Amde

          Selam Paulos,

          Each of your posts like the opening monologue to a fabulous science show. Many moons ago, I thought I would love to be doing a science/technology show in Amharic as a career. Even seriously considered a PhD in Science/Technology policy.

          In any case, it is so neat to read your expositions and imagine putting you in front of a camera with the appropriate scene and let you do your thing.

          Amde

          • Paulos

            Selam Amde and HaileTG,

            Amde, many thanks for those kind words. Same here, been thinking of doing videos on the Sciences and Philosophies in Tigrinya but couldn’t put myself around it.

            Imagine going to see a doctor about a certain health issue that you have. The question is, if you are the sole owner of your body, why would you want to ask someone else about the body that you own? Why would you ask him or her to tell you about the body you yourself own? That means, someone else knows more about your body. To put it differently, you are a complete stranger to your own body. Weird. Isn’t it.

            By the same token, why does humanity feel stranger in this world? Not in a metaphysical streak but why is the rationale behind the nature of the world and everything in it is hidden from us?

            Moreover, the experts use arcane languages when they communicate with each other so that they remain not only elusive and high up on the Ivory Tower but the very foundation of the Sciences remains esoteric. And one can only imagine how difficult it is for those whose first language is not English like the rest of us. If anyone can put the main tenets of the Sciences through Tigrinya or Amharic, it would be of a great service particularly for the younger generation. The concept in the Sciences is not hard at all. What is hard is to overcome the psychological block that we grew up with believing that, this or that stuff is for others.

            HaileTG, would love to say more about the nature of time or if there is such a thing called, “Time” at all. But for now, I want you to read as in absolutely read books by Carlo Rovelli titled, “The Order of Time” and the other book is, “Reality Is Not What It Seems.” I am a huge fan of Rovelli [He is a well known Theoretical Phycisist.] I have read most of his books. Will try to say more about his main ideas on the weekend.

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam Paulos,

            It is such a joy to read you and Amde. It justifies the time I spend at Awate University.
            There is so much everyone can pick and choose to explore from the vast menu items of this Forum.
            Thank you for your time.

            Mr. K. H

          • Paulos

            Selam Ato Kim Hanna,

            Thank you so much. We are here to learn from one another. God bless!

          • Amde

            Selam Paulos

            “Science is not hard at all”

            I agree, but we have been taught Science like religion – as a bunch of facts. Naturally the religious make it into a contest of facts. Wish it was taught as a method and process. Wrote a short “Sci-Fi” story once n Amharic, except it was a detective whodunit about some missing money. The lady of the house ወይዘሮ ጥበቤ follows scientific method of hypothesis and experimentation to convince her husband አቶ ነሲቡ that it was not the maid በለጠች who was guilty. አቶ ነሲቡ being a typical macho abesha who is wont for liberal application of violence as a form of self-expression had to console himself with just a stern ማስጠንቀቂያ to miskin በለጡ.

            Actually I am really fascinated with Social and Psychological research. Part of it is recognition that most of our politics is driven by emotion and irrational actions and I doubt if there is any recognition even among our elites about the unknown forces behind our actions.

            Anyways – you probably can start a vlog and see where it goes. I guess same advice to me.. haha.

            Amde

          • Paulos

            Selam Amde,

            Science Fiction in ኣማርኛ? Man, that’s swell. Am impressed! Imagine George Lucas buying your script and makes it a franchise. The rest of us would’ve had bragging points added to your already impressive CV while you walk smiling all the way to them banks.

            True, I agree, Science or the teaching method should’ve been more of a storytelling before the fifty plus kids in the class come down with a yawning infection. Or imagine, teaching the Sciences in a play-script format. Consider the following:

            The main characters are:

            A lady named Barbara McClintoc, Transposons [mouthful ha!], Micheal Jordan [with a brief cameo role],
            Flu Virus,
            E. coli.
            Lactose,
            Cholera,

            Barbara was born and lived pretty much most of her teenage years in rural America. This was in the 1930s. She was extremely bright through and through. As strange as it may seem, she was drawn particularly to maize or corn in her parents’ farm-field as she began to get curious about certain corns with sporadic dark or brown spots on them. In ትግርንያ we call them ጉራምራ።

            Later on, after she finished her graduate studies in the Life Sciences, she did most of her research on corns that had spanned for quarter of a century. In the late 50s, she discovered the reason why the corns exhibit dark or brown spots. It was a defence mechanism to withstand draught or scant resources, she figured. She presented her findings in a conference [this was in the 50s] and science being men’s world back then, nobody took her serious. What she discovered was that, the genes with in the chromosome of the corn would cut themselves out of the chromosome and paste in another chromosome instead. They do that, if they would be better off changing locations when the resources were getting scant. The same as when we change strategies when what we do is not working out. And, when the genes jump from one place to another place, the corn starts to show dark spots. And she named the jumping chromosomes “Transposons.”

            There was a guy at the conference who found her presentation rather curious and set out to try it out not on corns but on E. coli—bacteria. What he did was ingenious and a class act experiment. E. coli feeds only on lactose and he deprived the bacteria on a Petri-dish of lactose but added something else instead where the bacteria don’t normally feed on. Surprisingly, the bacteria did not die of starvation but reshuffled its genes as in the Transposons jumped from one place to another to find a suitable place and try if they could feed on the new stuff. And they did. The guy was a big fan of Michael Jordan and he changed the name of the jumping genes to the “Jordan Genes.” Barabara’s work was finally recognized and she won the Nobel Prize at the age of 86 in the 1990s.

            The key here is, the genes in bacteria or virus including in us “see” everything in terms of survival and multiply. That is the ultimate strategy and goal. With that in mind, let’s see the kind of strategy a Flu Virus and a Cholera causing bacteria employ for that particular purpose or end-point. First the question is, why don’t we die of flu or cold? Or why don’t we get bed ridden because of cold or flu? Well, if we become bed ridden, it would be a bad strategy for the virus, that is, from not only a survival point of view but from reproduction stand point as well. But if it compromises with us where the “pact or agreement” is, it won’t make us too sick where we would be able to move around and it will be able to pass on to other hosts. We don’t die [an advantage for us], it finds new hosts [an advantage for it!]

            The same strategic thinking for the Cholera causing bacteria as well but the bacteria makes us bed-ridden. Why? Well, first of, bacteria would need to extract more energy from the host to survive and multiply in comparison with the virus, as such, it would make us weak as a result. But again, what it does is, as the main symptom is a huge volume of diarrhea, patients would go to the river to clean or wash themselves and it works perfectly well for the bacteria to pass on to other hosts as the new hosts drink from the same river.

            Now the question is, in this grand game of strategy and survival which is being played out against us, is there any way we can out-smart them? Fleming and Jenner came up with the first antibiotics and vaccination respectively but hitherto the battle is in favor of the bacteria, because they are developing resistance to the antibiotics. A new thinking is needed or do we need one?

    • Mitiku Melesse

      Hei Palulos.
      Maybe in five years NPV party win the election in Eritrea?

    • Acria

      Selam Dr. Paulos,

      As we may all know, your environment and how you grew up has a lot to do with your behavior and actions. Any person who spent his/her whole life in the state of militaristic environment will obviously think and act in the rigid thinking of ‘my way or the highway’. Our DIA, PFDJ, and their core supporters are the result of the ‘Ghedli’ phenomenon. Hence, if these people continue in leadership, there won’t be any SUBSTANTIAL change in Eritrea. The status quo remains! Unless, they are willing to take an ECT treatment: our cry for democracy for the last 27 years didn’t show any result.

      • Saleh Johar

        Hi Acria,
        Generalization is the enemy of clarity. I know of many who grew up in a militaristic envaironment, I am one of them and I hate the never ending soldierly postures. Maybe you mean those who were always wielding spears and swords, and now guns and tanks are dangerous. Victims of history and present abhore militarism. But when they are pushed endlessly, there is a chance they decide to face violence with violence. Also, remember those who have not experienced wars and never saw a drop of blood are are the most aggressive promoters of wars. Just a thought

        • Acria

          Selam Brother Johar,

          You are right, hasty generalization can lead to a mistaken reasoning. Nevertheless, do you think your last statement contradicts your first statement? My generalization, for the better wording, applies to people who spent their whole lives in a non-democratic environment, the likes of our DIA. Some Eritreans are lucky enough to taste the western democracy and think in a democratic fashion. Although I was not physically ‘TegaDaLai’, my thinking has changed since I left Eritrea and start living in the West. Would you say your thinking has changed in the same way?

      • Hope

        Selam Acria:
        I might not agree with your alleged generalization that Abu Sslih is talking about ,if at all that was your intention,which I doubt that,that was your intent ,but I agree with your comment /assertion from Behavioral /Psychiatric and Scientific Point View as that is a Universally accepted principle or premise. as the US Medical Society would tell us that,at least more than 80% of adolescent /Adulthood manifestation of Behavioral problems are related to what you correctly alluded,which you seem to have a better background as a Clinical Psychologist or a Pscychiatrist /as a Physician/an MD,as witnessed per your articulation and deep knowledge of of Psychotherapy….. ECT as the final modality of Psychiatric Rx.

        Your “Clinical Judgement”on/ of our Ghedli Generaton,their erratic and chaotic and militaristic approach included ,is spot on!

        I think our major problems emanate from that kind of background and mentality .

        I witnessed that problem when I was working with some of them….stubborn,inflexible ,nasty and poor communication skills,single-handed decisions,etc they make is but disastrous.

        Ego was another issue.

        It was this kind of background that led to a de facto civil war within the EDF(YikeAlo Vs Warsay animosity and open civil war that led to loss of innocent lives)!

        Case in point:
        The PIA and Gen Philipos style of “ lawless rule”!

    • Nitricc

      Ambassador Herman Cohen once said. “ After TPLF in control of Ethiopia, they start abusing human rights and I confronted them and they told me, Ambassador: there is no other way to govern this people” when I hear Cohen say that at that time I was so offended and I thought it was a racist thing to say. No, who ever told Cohan this is the only way, was precisely correct. Africa and Africans are incapable of handling democracy and the rule of law. So, five, ten, twenty all the same.

      • Berhe Y

        Hi Nitricc,

        Have you heard the saying “If You Have Nothing Nice To Say, Don’t Say Anything At All”. Or in Tigrinya “Sbuq kelp HmaQ ayreQedm”.

        Can you just keep your insensitive comments to yourself?

        Berhe

        • Nitricc

          Berhe; when does the truth became insensitive? Even if it hurts you, still it is the truth. deal with it.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Niticc,

            Your insensitivity and your insults are getting out of hand. I hope the moderator make notice.

            First it’s not truth but one person opinion. And second, you don’t need to repeat his offensive comments.

            If he is American, before he speak of Africans, he needs to read his history and his his forefathers eliminated 90% of Indians Americans and how they enslave blacks people for 400 plus years.

            In other words, he has no right to comment.

            Berhe

          • David Samson

            Selam Berhe,
            Mr Cohen, I suspect, is PFDJ’s lobbyist at the state dept. I think he gets paid for every article he writes on behalf of GOE. He is the same chap who brokered the end of Derg in London.

          • Berhe Y

            Thanks David.

            I know who he is and I remember what he said. Actually he said he is not paid lobbyist of the ERITREAN government. I was trying to let Nitricc know that he doesn’t have to repeat what others said if it has no value or it’s false and insensitive.

            On a different topic, I understand that you live in London and you are quite familiar with the UK political system. I bring this up in light of the comments exchanged with Amde Re:Addis and Oromo capital.

            As Yemane baria song “Eritrea bayto ms Aqomet”, and considering the sensitive ethnic problems that m
            can arise, I thought the UK type of parliament system would be suitable for Eritrea. That is divide the country, based on history, tradition and divide the MP representative (with all consideration) and divide them up. Asmara would be divided accordingly and it doesn’t belong to any specific region.

            So if the UK type is to be used, do you think it’s feasible to apply in Eritrea. In other words, have a central government with all representatives.abd the second lebel of government withdraws be the cities.

            In the UK is there other government in between the minicipal and the central government?

            Where does the responsibility of health, education, courts fall ? Are they in the hands of the central governments?

            May be a huge topic but if time permits.

            Berhe

          • David Samson

            Selam Berhe,

            Disclaimer: This is just my opinion; it is not based on some studies. I am not a politician nor an analyst.

            No issue or topic should be off any limit. We ought not be sensitive to discuss any kind of administration. As I argued before, I quite like the idea of citizens’’ rights based on individual liberty. I hope some one is listening to DR Berhanu Nega.

            I know you know it, but just to remind you that the Britain is an amalgamation of Kingdoms of England and Scotland (1707). London has always been not only the capital city but the sit of parliament. Britain’s strength arguably has been based on the principle of ‘Strong CENTRAL government’. Scotland has always exercised some of kind of local government with limited power.

            The political debate has always been about how much power should be devolved from the centre (London) to Scotland. The term used is “Scottish Assembly”.

            I do not know the entire history, but I believe this kind of arrangement worked well until the end of 1970s. After the discovery of oil in North Sea (Scotland) and the Tories, under Thatcher, had came to power, the prevailing historical arrangement started creating friction.

            Traditionally, the majority Scots are labour party supporters, and did not like Thatcher’s free-market policies. This was also compounded by the dispute on the allocation of oil’s revenue. In 1979, Scottish devolution referendum was held, but the yes lost. Meanwhile, A Scottish National Party (SNP)–which was a fringe player until recently–had started to gain some foothold on Labour party’s territories, and the battle has turned between Labour and SNP. The Tories were completely wiped out in Scotland. After Tony Blair came to power, he argued that the traditional governing from a centre was not fit for post-communism politics; he proposed devolution to Scotland and Wales. Many Walsh and Scots see the London Parliament as too remote and too much power is centred on the hands of MPs who do not understand their daily lives. Scotland Devolved Assembly had more power than Wales. I believe Education, Transport and Environment are among few of the Assembly has legislative powers. But this arrangement has created a massive headache: should Scottish MPs who sit in parliament in London have a say in matters that affect the English only? It is known and called “The West Lothian question”. Some of English MPs who had long opposed the idea of Scottish Devolved Assembly’ started to raise their concerns; some even went further by proposing a limited English Assembly. After the SNP had won most of Scotland’s sits, embolden by its new power; started to demand more power from London. As you know, in 2014, we had another referendum, but this time, it was the break-up of the UK. The result was so close, the Nay won by just 400k votes. SNP has a majority MPs in Scotland, but some of the Scots elected MPs are still sitting in London, so the “The West Lothian question”. Remains unresolved.
            Brexit has added another complication: majority Scots (68%-62%) voted in favour of remaining in EU while the UK voted for ‘Nay’. So, there you have it.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi David,

            Thank you. I guess we have an advantage because, Eritrea is one and all that make up want to stay together, at least that’s what I believe.

            So I was think England only, less Scotland, Wales or North Ireland.

            What I am trying to get at is, would a Center in Asmara (or as SJ would say Keren) and the rest divided in how ever many as needed. Unlike say the original awraja or the current zones.

            Berhe

          • David Samson

            Selam Berhe,

            England and Wales will remain part of GB, but NI and Scotland less certain so.

            The question of “The West Lothian question” is very relevant to countries wishing to move powers away from the centre. If you apply Ethiopia Ethnic based Federal system’s to Eritrea, you end up with the same problem.

            I left Ethiopia long time ago, and only follow its politics from afar distance. The ugly face of Ethnic politics has begun to show its ugly features. Once you start going through the route of Ethnic counting, you never know where to end or stop. I never knew or heard Silte before. I also find Ethiopia’s ethnic identity as bizarre and odd. A person’s ID which is printed on his card travels with him wherever that person happens to live in any kilil.

            A Tigrayan friend told me a true story of Tigrayan families who lived in Wolega. Mengistu had a policy of relocation (Sefera) from Norther part of country to South. I seemed to remember at the time that TPLF accused Mengistu of Ethnic cleansing. The family’s children were born and brought up in Wolega, but their ID shows that they are Tigrayans– how bizarre! Due to ethnic tension, the families felt unsafe and decided to move back to Tigray. They had packed their belongings, said good bye to their neighbours and started their long journey by bus only to be burned alive by mobs. What a tragedy!

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam Berhe Y,

            Nitricc is an American Eritrean who managed to absorb part of each culture as his own. Unfortunately, the bold and the rude part of each.

            You don’t know how many times I had a run with him over the years, for a decade or so. He is part of the fixture of Awate. That is why like a crazy uncle we try to hide him whenever a polite company is visiting. To be absolutely frank about it, there are topics not discussed that he brings out to the forefront, on occasion. At other times he throws in an attempted humor on sad and serious moments, to lighten things up.

            It is just like when you are with a bunch of white men and one of them pass gas casually, you have to walk away as if you haven’t heard or anything. We have to adopt and live in the world as we find it and not as we like it to be, as Rumsfeld pontificated.

            Mr. K. H

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Dr Paulos,

      If we let the despot to continue in the same trajectory, the so called “economic integration” will extend into a “political integration”. In early 90s, during the hey days of EPLF and TPLF, the then Eritrean Ambassador to Ethiopia, Haile Menkerios had an interview with the Reporter in Addis. In his interview, he had hinted that their economic integration will transcend eventually to political integration. I do not think the current “integration pact” will be different than that.

      • Paulos

        Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

        There is nothing wrong with either economic integration or political unity. It becomes problematic when it is decided by one person or oligarchs for that matter. The issue we have with Isaias is not we oppose or embrace Federation, Confederation or any other “tions”, the issue we have is precisely because, people are not consulted about it.

        Certainly, we don’t have the habit or culture of “Public Opinion” or “Surveys” but public opinion to the very least is gauged through People’s Representatives as in either ባይቶ or Parliament. What is even tragic is, we can’t even feign a government for we lack the bare minimum that makes one a government of the people and for the people.

      • Selam Amanuel H.,

        The difference between then and now is that the economic integration and defense pact during early 1990s was between tplf and eplf, as you said, but this time it is going to be different, because it will be between ethiopia and eritrea, two sovereign country with heads of state who, we hope, are ready to defend the national interest of each country, if any sort of integration is going to take place. One should remember the war between eritrea and yemen, when ethiopia provided ammunitions, which was in relation to the defense pact between tplf and eplf.

        In addition, the “one people two countries” mantra is not new. It is not said for the first time by IA. He had said the same thing then, before eplf(pfdj) and tplf became deadly enemies.

        The main point is that it is an incompatible integration (pact), and this time you do not trust IA and he is not going to listen, unfortunately, as ethiopians did not trust tplf then, and there voice was ignored. The agreements beyond the peace agreement may not work, and therefore, better avoided if possible.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Horizon,

          The agreement between Eritrea and Ethiopia, “now” and “then” is and was between two sovereign countries even if it was between EPLF and TPLF. They were the official governments. Stop this silly argument. Whether you “support” or “oppose” your government back then, and wether we “support” or “oppose” our government back then, the “pacts” was between two governments of two countries. They were sovereign country “then” and they are sovereign country “now”. The agreement was signed after our official independence in 1993. I believe the agreement was done in 1994.

          What you are saying is: because the Ethiopian Government was run by TPLF back then, it wasn’t Ethiopian government. And now because it is run by OPDO, it is an Ethiopian government. You have a big problem to yourself and to the nation, if you continue with such attitudes. For the sake of the Ethiopian people, I can only hope that there aren’t many like your attitudes.

          • Selam Amanuel H.,

            We all know that the early 1990s were the best of times for you and the worst of times for ethiopia and ethiopians, who were under the combined boots of eplf and tplf. If you call the surrogate tplf government of the day an ethiopian government, it is your right. If it could exist without exploiting ethiopia it hated so much her very existence, and could have done without her, without exploiting her, ethiopia and of course tigray and others would not have been around today.

            Now times have changed. Then you were rejoicing and now you are lamenting not only because you do not like the agreement, but because of the demise of tplf. That is life, once on top, at other times, under.

            The question is what would you do to avoid it? I cannot be sure about the eritrean people within their country, although they seem to be for the agreement even if it is between two men, as seen during the fanfare. They are tired of their predicament. What can you provide them for the change you oppose to see in eritrea? Nothing, unfortunately.

            Unlike the diaspora eritreans who philosophize about identity, dignity, exceptionalism, and the many great empty ideas that do not bring jobs, light, coffee, teff, cement, or help them cross the border without being shot at. etc, from their comfort zone in the west, the ordinary eritrean surely thinks differently. They are tired of the politics played on their backs for more than half a century by the two sides, the regime and lately the opposition. They want emancipation from their predicament as all human beings. They want to breathe the fresh air of relief from fear and uncertainty. If you can’t provide them, don’t suffocate them.

            As much as tplf is concerned, the problem was not and is not because it is called tplf, but what tplf did and and did not do, and the legacy it left behind by undermining ethiopian unity through ethnic federalism, for which ethiopians are killing each other and destroying properties today, addicted to tplf’s sugar-coated poisonous drug of ethno-nationalism and anti-ethiopianism.

            There are many ethno-nationalist in opdo, a lot of them hate to carry the ethiopian flag, nevertheless, the leaders stand for ethiopian unity and future existence, at least up to now. This is the main difference from tplf leaders, who wanted to rule and exploit ethiopia through divide and conquer for the coming at least a hundred years.

            Indeed, A.H. there were many many eritreans like you who signed a blank cheque for the megalomaniac dictator, the caesar, the superhuman, who ended up to become eritreans’ worst enemy. If likewise, Abiy ends up to become another ethiopian dictator, and ethiopians allow him to be one, you could blame me and many others for that. What happened in ethiopia under tplf, and what continues to happen in eritrea for so long cannot be explained by opdo. The failure is on your side if the new agreement you hate and fear is implemented. It is now almost 3 decades since the fate of eritrea is in her people’s hands.

          • Aligaz G

            Horizon,

            You are raising valid points. Assuming we are all grownups we should occasionaly speak candidly and give our friends honest feedback. Sometime the direct route is best.

            Eritreans by and large were willing to ride the Isaias train to independence and beyond as long as the myth of invincibility remained intact. Many of these formerly eager passengers now known as the opposition knew full well the kind of organization EPLF had always been but now all of a sudden they are sworn enemies of the father of their nation. Unfortunately when the objective history of Eritrea is written Awate the man will always be a tiny footnote compared to Issais.

            Abiy the Democrat and Reformer is disliked in this forum mainly because he has dared to end the war which the opposition were supporting in order to attack Issais. In addition Abiy has openly condemned the conduct of TPLF which actively supported Eritrean independence. Therefore I have sadly come to the realization that the fact that TPLF was for the last 27 yrs basically a torturing murdering and looting conglomerate means nothing to most of our Eritrean brothers who are in the opposition. TPLF was their remaining hope and Ethiopia can go to hell for all they care.

            So what to do? Well we can keep discussing and talking and hopefully we can find democratic ideals we can share. As a person whose goal is to see a democratic Ethiopia I cannot support dictatorships anywhere but the hypocrisy of many in the Eritrean opposition really diminishes their credibility.

            cheers

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selam Aligaz G,

            I think you came a little too strong on the opposition. What can they possibly have done? They could not stay in Eritrea, and Sudan had laws prohibiting opposition movements which left Ethiopia as the only alternative.

            Once they found themselves under the mercy of TPLF, what do you think their fate would be if they also oppose it too?

            Have you ever heard G7, OLF, TPDM, or anyone hosted by Eritrea ever criticize PFDJ for anything at all?

            What are we supposed to make of PM Abiy’s recent relationship with a world recognized dictator with records of unprecedented human rights violations?

            As it would be difficult for PM Abiy to criticize PIA under the circumstances he finds himself in, it would have been even more difficult for Eritrean Oppositions to criticize TPLF or Ethiopian Oppositions to criticize PFDJ given their dependencies and limited options.

            There are times when someone’s or some organization’s primary goal becomes only self preservation, and I believe that is/was where these organizations understandably are/were.

            PS:
            I have very important question which I should have asked 50 years ago. Is there any relationship between the names Abegaz and Aligaz?

          • Aligaz G

            Dear Fanti,

            You are correct in that Ginbot 7 and others were based in Eritrea but they were not the entirety of the opposition. Anyway you don’t really hear those guys lecturing Eritreans about the virtues of PFDJ. It’s one thing to be in a marriage of convenience but this level of willful ignorance raises a lot of questions.

            Abegaz and Aligaz are common names in Wollo but they are not the same.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selam Aligaz G,

            Thank you. The two names are common where I grew up (Southern Tigray – Northern Wollo, which makes you the closest relative I have at this medium-:), but I have a feeling that we may have lost some history regarding names like those and others.

            Abegaz is a military title perhaps equivalent to a general or admiral, I think, but what is interesting is that “አሊ-” meant “ልዑል” as in “higher,” in Amharic. Not quite enough to go on, but based on this two clues, we can assume that “-gaz” indicates a number until proven otherwise such that Abegaz = የብዙ ኣለቃ while Aligaz = የብዙ መሪ.

            Keep your eyes (ears) open and please share your findings. I am always mourning about these type of losses and every little clue found makes my day.

          • Aligaz G

            Dear Fanti,

            Thank YOU for the serious attempt to cheer me up. Nowadays most guys named Aligaz are poor farmers in Wollo with at most 2 oxen. Hardly leaders of many. But historically the name is famous in the warrashei clan so it is possible that it is a variant of Ali. Maybe the linguists on tap can elaborate on the gaz portion. Abegaz may well be the Christian variant.

        • Blink

          Dear Horizon
          Remember who you are debating to , TPLF untouchable for all good things but no way to be seen on the bad side, that’ how this guy thinks while openly accusing Abiy with the bed sheet of Hayat writing . Let’s hope things will be mutual and full of understanding for peace. Our people need peace .

    • Consolation

      Hello Sir,

      Unless one has precise mathematical models of the dynamics of a system, predicting the futue is not an easy task. There are just too many factors, most of them unforeseeable, thatt influence events.. In addition, subjective tendencies in assessing current states of things and wishful thinking make it even harder. Youe question is a timely one, but unfortunately there are few here in this site who have the objectivity or analytical abilities. So most of the responses you’will get will be of the shallow variety that repeat wishful statements. I myself am not free of subjective tendencies, so will not attempt to predict the future.

      I began to visit this site recently because a friend of mine recommended that I study what one analyst, Semere Tesfai, has been writing in the past and how his predictions have a habit of becoming reality. As an excample of Semere Tesfai’s prophetic abilities, my friend forwarde to me an article that Semere authored some 5 years and 9 months ago titled “The Political Chess-Game To Tame The Woyanes”, I will quote one of the most remarkable paragraphs I have ever read in my life.

      “Reason #3. Peace between Eritrea and Ethiopia is inversely-related to the distance between Asmara and the dominant ethnic in Addis. The further the dominant Ethiopian-ethnic from Asmara the more likely there will be peace between Eritrea and Ethiopia. That being said, it is a sure thing the next prime minster of Ethiopia is going to be: non Tigrean, end-result oriented prime minster with a dominant personality. No offence to Mr. Hailemariam Desalegn but Mr. Hailemariam is too nice and too submissive to be that guy. And for us Eritreans, no non-Tigrean Ethiopian leader would ever bully Eritrea the way the Woyanes did; never. I believe the next prime minster is going to be different; and I believe the next prime minster will negotiate with Eritrea in good faith to resolve the Ethio-Eritrean problem. Remember: Ethiopian hardliners, even if all are hardliners – the non-Woyane hardliners are different from the Woyane hardliners. The reason: the Woyane hardliners had the burden to prove to the nervous Amaras and to the rest (a) that they were committed Ethiopians under Ethiopian flag; (b) that they were not working for Eritreas and didn’t had any tender-heart for Eritreans (c) that they were Ethiopians who would bring Eritrea to its knee to protect Ethiopian interest if need be. But the next prime minster doesn’t have that burden. The only burden the next prime minster will have is the burden to prove to Eritreans that, Ethiopia is not Eritrea’s enemy; and it doesn’t have any intention to harm the Eritrean people or to compromise their sovereign territory in any shape of form. If the next Ethiopian prime minster could successfully communicate this with the Eritrean people both in words and in-deed, then all the prime minster has to do is visit any place in Eritrea, and before he/she knows it, cheering crowd would line-up for miles to greet him/her with flowers and colorful dances. Again, I truly believe the next Ethiopian prime minster is going to be a good friend of Eritrea. And he/she better be. Because Addis policy makers can’t afford to have two unhappy “Tigrewoch” to their north chatting with the Arabs. I don’t think it went well, when the Amaras tried it last time. But hey, that’s my opinion.n’t think it went well, when the Amaras tried it last time. But hey, that’s my opinion.

      And what an opinion. The only thing that Semere failed to do is provide in his artice a picture of Dr. Abiy. But I think we can forgive him that. In any case, I urge Semere Tesfai to come out and give us the benefit of his amazing skill and tell us where Eritrea will be five years from now.

    • haileTG

      Hi Paulos,

      Time is thought. No thought, no time. The gap between two consecutive thoughts is timelessness. We see time but time doesn’t see us, this implies that we must be before time and outside time to be able to see it. Hmmm…what does that make us? The last point we need to disabuse from is the notion that there is a universe which contains the earth that has our body which houses our brain inside which is a tiny consciousness trapped. It is the reverse: there is the vast consciousness that modulates into a mind which further manifests in a body that projects a universe. Space-time collapse in the heart and become the void that no mind can go to.

      • saay7

        Hailat TG:

        This is more of Paulos specialty but the brainy phantom physicists have concluded that in all their calculations using space-time, it turns out that time (as a value) is redundant.

        Universally speaking, the universe is simply space. (Trump: this is the wettest season, water-wise.)

        Proving, once again, that our great mystic TSatSe was right when he said the call now is ነሳፍሕ: let’s stretch. If, in the process, we kick an instance or two, it’s ok because space is ever expanding.

        saay

        • haileTG

          Haha saay,

          Actually, PFDJ is ahead of the game in this non-locality fluff. It managed to render space redundant too (in one of its advanced physics boot camp). Basically, the model they developed there is to give some one a jigsaw puzzle pieces to fit together. However, you make sure that half the pieces are replaced with those from another jigsaw puzzle. This way the final completed space will never be achieved. Hence redundant. Abraha kasa awarded the budding scientists an old tower clock as a complimentary nobel prize:)

          • Paulos

            HaileTG,

            I wonder if Abraha Kassa had Einstein in mind when he awarded the budding scientists an old tower clock. Einstein, while working at the Patent Office in Bern, Switzerland, had plenty of lazy time and got fixated with the tower-clocks in his area as he peered through the window. Bern was famous in watch making. He didn’t get fixated for no reason but got him to think about the nature of “Time” as it was believed to had been absolute for 350 years since the reign of Newton. He said, time is relative where it was serendipity all along for he couldn’t have come up with the revolutionary idea had he hailed say, from ዓዲ ሓሎ and worked in ዓዲ ሓሎ!

          • haileTG

            Hey Paulos,

            Great connection there, unfortunately Wedi Kassa’s intention had nothing to do with Einstein’s ADHD type behavior 🙂 It is just the whole stuff of replacing half of one jigsaw pieces with another half from a different jigsaw sent him down memory lane. So, he wanted to inspire the young scientists that some Time doesn’t change at all, it freezes instead…haha

      • Paulos

        Selam HaileTG,

        This is good stuff. Made a comment for you and for Amde as well under Amde’s comment. Sorry about that.

    • Kim Hanna

      Selam Paulos,

      I am somewhat embarrassed to say what I am about to say, not the substance of it but the way it looks to an Eritrean observer. An Ethiopian exaggerating his importance and significance. (Haileselassie yimoot aydelem)
      I am also humbled to follow Haile TG and saay rising up to engage you while I went straight to “Tinqola” to answer your question.

      I looked at my crystal ball and it told me only…. that where Eritrea will be in 5 years is where Ethiopia will be. There is a lot of zig zag to add up but at the end Eritrea will reflect Ethiopia.
      That is if there is prosperity and peace in Ethiopia, Eritrea will participate. Trouble and misery in Ethiopia will also be reflected to a lesser degree in Eritrea. It is not just geography, it is in the DNA.
      For the record, I always trust my crystal ball when everything else fails.

      Mr. K.H

  • Abrehet Yosief

    Selam Sam,
    You raise good points. The hard reality of the people inside Eritrea is exhausting. The worry about their young ones whether still in school, sawa, Hayltat, college is all consuming. Leaving no space or energy for abstract discussion. They have been conditioned to be grateful for the status quo and that they would end up like Libya if any change was introduced without the Government’s wish. I am wondering how confusing the current opening of the border and subsequent movement of people and things must be.

    • Sam

      Hello Abrehet,

      I agree with what you have enumerated the people have had to deal with on a daily basis. How can we expect a miracle from people who have gone through so much and were left hanging out to dry by people they trusted? They didn’t even have time to catch their breath, it was one cruel act after another. I don’t feel the torment the locals have been subjected to and the devastating effects that ensued are factored into what the opposition expect of them.

      Sam

  • Amanuel

    @george
    Mr Berhane was a Finance Minster for a name and wouldn’t know much except the normal official government transaction.
    The sensitive information that might be of interest to the sanction committee is carried out by the real Finance Minster Mr Hagos Kisha.

  • haileTG

    Selam george,

    Here you are not addressing the question head on. What do you say about pulling people off the street never to be contacted again as practised by the GoE on Eritreans?

    Thanks
    P.S. It is not proper to speak about other countries when the context is negative, and they are done in haste. Check if it is your place to do so. Only the demented IA considers himself as the second comming of the messiah in regional diplomacy. Is the any other country in the region obsessed with peace talks in the other’s country while butchering its own? However, you can talk nice things about others like counting their accredited universities even on full time bases.

  • said

    Greetings,
    For than 60 years of Eritrean history, no similar calamity has ever befallen this new nation. in a country where any one, family member relatives and friends suddenly disappeared from the face of earth never to be seeing again, were detained indefinitely without trial, or in some instances executed, In pursuit of truth, beauty, the sublime. Berhane scarify and struggle on behalf of the rest of us, in the hope that he might produce something that reflects back a small part of our collective soul, a part that might awe or reshape us. All of these proceeds from long-held beliefs involving muses and divine inspiration, elevating Berhane scurfy to some rarefied zone of human exchange that bring hope and that can bring, and change improve the situation. The difficult part to process was seeing those who had lost family to IA brutality scramble to make peace with Asmara regime, or even join it, once it became clear IA regime is here to stay. In extreme cases to see regime supporters returning from prison gaunt and hollowed out with starvation and torture, sit among the PFDJs ranks, fatted with power.
    When I read the article Berhane book it reminded me In Rhinoceros (1959), a landmark play by the Romanian French avant-garde absurdist playwright Eugene Ionesco (1909-1994), we follow the bizarre events in a small town where its inhabitants are turning into rhinoceroses, all except one character, Berenger who somehow escapes the mass metamorphoses and remains the audience’s only hope to figure out what in the world has happened to his fellow human beings. In Ionesco’s play, we see how the inhabitants of a small town lose their humanity to such physical proportions that they turn into completely different creatures. Berenger escapes this fate only as a measure so we can gauge where we are and what we are watching. there are frightful similarities with Eritrean tyrant e -and those similarities are rooted in the politics of power that extends from the most powerful to the most pathetic.
    I commented 11 days the risk Berhane was taking is and commented (Birhane’s must be extra carful result of the unexpected being immaturely be caught unawares by IA tags ). hope isn’t just a “nice” feeling we’re lucky to experience from time to time. No, hope has become a requirement, as despair is our worst enemy. This leaving me to wonder where any meaning occurs worthy of making such a sacrifice. Berhane a sacrifice for what?to bring change and bring awareness and bring desired political transition from dictatorship and bring new revolution and transformation. Berhane is hero however imperfectly, versus devil and villain IA. It is in this context that we should understand. It requires Berhane willing to make us ponder. In 21 century the very model of the modern, or postmodern our culture lacks a sense of sacrifice as transformative and salvific, as a source of meaning. Or even thinking radically contrarian, dissenting from both modernity and postmodernity. I will never be able to articulate a view of the human person as something worth sacrificing for in case Berhane . Berhane sacrifice nurtures a wisdom beyond the rationality. Berhane self-fulfillment and self-dispossession are essentially at odds. Berhane the case for a more radical change and outlook. One must take a remarkably indulgent view of humankind to scarifies for greater Couse.
    Berhane is on solid ground ,a sacrifice escapes the logic of calculated self-interest. Berhane with or without substance, images reflecting images in a hall of mirrors with no original object anywhere in sight. Post independence of Eritrea sometimes critique, sometimes commend, this loss of value, depending on whether it serves their political purposes of the moment—but they offer no alternative. Simply by debunking meaning as a mask of raw power, Berhane is left with no meaning with which to combat injustice and for equity, so goes he is left with nothing but sacrifice for. His people. If we wish for significant dignity of our lives and respectable and a decent society, Berhane just like those before him who scarified by their action they are having been sculpted inwardly, engraved—however brutally—with deeper meaning.
    Berhane being jailed and suffering is uniquely universal feature of human experience for sake of others. Berhane True sacrifice, self-sacrifice, by it self it speaks volume and is always radical and transformative. Suffering and he choose Berhane sacrifice knowing his fate and destiny clearly obvious to him, however, are not equivalents. Suffering is something that happens to most of us, while Berhane sacrifice is something he choose to do .Berhane sacrificial suffering it as an ultimate act worth doing even if he is in no way instantly reworded and recompensed, Berhane turn suffering into sacrifice by consenting to what Eritrean hardships to show to the world, but it’s still not the same as an act of choice. In Berhane sacrifice, he truly and with self courage showed an openness to this unavoidable human process that can moved him from lower to much higher, from false to the truth from superficial to deeper, from brutish to more elevated. Berhane as potential victim in solidarity with countless Eritrean other victims who proceeded him. Berhane is a reality worthy of our attention.

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam Sam,

    Here are a concise answer to your question in the order you put it:

    1) it require a collective understanding and a collective solution.

    2) the power comes from the people, when they are able to come together and able to listen each other to find a common solution to our predicament. We should not Waite for savior to have an alternative demigod like the one we have.

    3) no question no answer.

    4) Change can come from inside or outside depending on the situation. Both demand different objective realities and subjective matter.

    5) of course, as far as I remain part and parcel of the Eritrean society.

    Regards

  • Nitricc

    Hi All; To All Eritreans; i have no words to explain the massacre of Burayu but please open your heart and help the innocent children of the displaced. Seeing them packed in High School is something i have no stomach for. please do what you can, humanity have no borders. The story of the displaced people is heartbreaking. you can do what you can
    @ gofundme Burayu Ethnic Cleansing victims. What a sad story. Africa!!!!!!

    • Hameed Al-Arabi

      Salam Nitricc,

      It is wonderful to know you have a heart that breaks. How do you suddenly by miracle became a loving humane guy. Is this what we call a crocodile tears? Watch Awates a walking crocodile tears in action!!!

      • Nitricc

        Arabi; I know for you is all about religion but watch the face of the children before you show your ignorance and stupidity. I don’t mind corrupted like you adult people getting slaughtered but to see those children is something. But A dush and A-hole like, i can understand. Stupid.

        • Hameed Al-Arabi

          Salam Nitricc,

          Thank you. You have proven, “I don’t mind corrupted like you adult people getting slaughtered”, for me what I have said above. Sympathy and loving heart have boundary, it even transcends to animals and any creature. Now, tell me who is the stupid?

          • Nitricc

            Arabi; Like i have said, did you watch the clip? this shows your ignorance. With Adults all games are fair but those childern? No! I really don’t care people like you getting slaughtered, you are nothing but a waste of humanity. Every child deserves a future, but you won’t get it. Like i have said you nothing but A-hole. They don’t have to be Muslim to get sympathy from you.What a low life.

    • Amanuel

      Hi Nitricc
      Children are the most vulnerable part of society and they should be protected whether they are in Burayu or at Ala (Eritrea). However, you are pretending to care more about what is going on in Ethiopia. And that lacks credibility because of your double standard approach to events in Ethiopia and Eritrea.
      I have mentioned Ala above for reason. It is a place in Eritrea and used to be where the best orange comes from. Now it is one of the hundred of prisons where innocent Eritreans (most of them are young) are kept as prisoners.
      My friend who has just returned from Eritrea told me a heartbreaking story about what he saw at Ala. He went there to see his cousin who is also a prisoner. But the heatbreaking story is about a child of 12 years old prisoner. My friend asked the guards why is the child in the prison for. The guards told him he was cought crossing the border. My friend learned while he was there that the prisoners don’t get enough food and those with money pay the guards to buy for them from out side. And my friend told me that he can’t help but gave all what he had with him to the guards and plea with them that the child is fed. This what happening in Eritrea. But your mouth is sealed about this issues because it is been committed by your king IA

      What happened in Burayu is a barbaric crime committed by criminals and it had been condemned by all political parties of that country. However what is happing in Ala and other prisons in Eritrea is committed by the state, the one it’s main job was to protect them from harm.

      • Nitricc

        Hi Aman: I am naïve to think this world all good. I understand that. There is big different to get arrested unfairly and spend some time from while at home minding your own business get killed with Meshadi and knives. They were at home minding their own business. Listen and watch what the eye witness have to say. All people with shared of humanity should help this children. Again unless you are like the Arabi evil, help what you can. You don’t have to be Ethiopian. They were At home and they got murdered.

        • Amanuel

          Hi Nitricc
          I don’t want to compare the evil deeds, but i am questioning your motives.
          Personally, i will give what i can afford regularly to any good causes, specially for children causes.

          The reason I brought the Ala example is because no one is allowed to film and stick it to youtube, thanks to your king IA.

          • Nitricc

            Hey AMAN; What kind motive possibly I can have? what is wrong with you people? What got to do with PIA? If you can go ahead take him out if I care. Children were killed, mothers were raped, fathers watched they children slaughtered in their HOME! Yes, you are comparing it, which is shame. I have no idea how you people function. This is simple, help or ignore it.

    • Blink

      Dear Nitricc
      It is a good call but We Eritreans have people packed in Libya horrible prison under rape culture of the Libyans . Ethiopians like eyob, T.kifle, rahwa and Others you know them can contribute from the 10% GDP growth . People who have one water favorite sport and are very lazy at and sometimes they are even not sensing their stinky feet. Guess what is this they like about water sport. Ok don’t get in to it because it is bathing . Simple 🛀 🛀 is needed to the TPLF thugs .

      • Nitricc

        Hey Blink; I have zero sympathy about Libya. They went to Libya and Libya didn’t come to them. This one is different; they are at home doing what they have to do and this Oromo Animals shows up and slaughter every one. No one should go through this horrible things in your country, in your city and in your home. Shame on Oromo Animals.

  • haileTG

    Hi george,
    The Gangsters of Eritrea (GoE), should not be pulling people from the street for unknown reasons let alone the obvious situation with Berhane Abrehe. Period. How would you like your mother to be pulled away from the street while walking with you and never to be heard from? It is not easy to unlearn a life time of criminality both from the doer and supporter point of stand. They are both deeply corrupted.

    • saay7

      Hailat TG:

      You are on fire buddy. Giorgis is one of those eternally confused people who actually think only they have family members in Eritrea because I think when the GoE* told them those who oppose it are not Eritrean or have never been to the country he actually bought it, bless his heart. Some of them will say “I was in National Service” forgetting that we have talked to more exiled NS members than they have. MeshaQat yom.

      * just FYI, I have stolen your redefinition of GoE and consider it for public use

      saay

      • haileTG

        Hey saay,

        Can you imagine how desensitized the supporters are to this whole idea of abduction?

        Eritreans have been subjected to it for two decades under GoE. You as many others had the experience too. Abduction is two pronged attack on both victim and family. Where is the sense or moral compass in that? I would like to challenge parents who support the Gangsters of Eritrea* to check with in their conscience. Their child being taken and not to know their where about. The same with any loved one. This is why we charge them with the betrayal of their people for short term gain. Allowing or supporting such act of sadistic act on poor and innocent people with no crime other than daring to dream a better situation for the country is pure evil. It would certainly catch up with them somehow.
        * Feel free to use this phrase, I am eager to hand over my catch phrases as the tended to follow me around at times…haha

        • saay7

          Selamat HaileTG:

          The wicked thing (one of many) the GoE did is to say is to prove your patriotism, you must show absolute indifference to the fate of your loved ones. Of course there is nothing original about this (all totalitarian states do it) but it is surreal to learn, for example, Dawit Isaac’s brother is a supporter of the government.

          One of my favorite sections of the book is the chapter Berhane Abrehe entitled corruption. And in this, he shows that his ministry was just one of the ministries which was corrupted by IA (or “zeragito” as he calls him) and its always strange to hear his supporters call him uncorrupt when he is one of the most corrupt: abusing power is the worst form of corruption.

          So the corruption with the supporters of GoE is the split personality they live with: the truth which they share with people they trust and the front they show the world (that’s what the F in PFDJ stands for now, showing a false front.) One the dimmer bulbs in the PFDJ drawer blamed the opposition for Berhanes arrest ending their list of false claims:

          1. He didn’t write the book
          2. Ok so maybe he wrote the book but that’s not his voice
          3. So maybe that’s his voice but the fact that he is not arrested shows there is freedom of speech in Eritrea
          4. So maybe he is arrested but that’s the opposition’s fault.

          It’s the cognitive dissonance that they live with that makes them so stressed and aggressive. The more conflicted they are, the more aggressive.

          saay

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Haile-TG,

            It is mind boggling when you see family of the victims became the supporters of the regime. There are many of that, yet undiagnosed social sickness.

          • haileTG

            Hi Emma,

            I know but not many. There is also some personal family fueds behind some of those. In which case it becomes even more dangerous and personal.

          • Amanuel

            Hi saay7
            You mentioned GoE but is there such thing called GoE now? I don’t see any existence of it either in name or function. It is only the king, his prince and the footmen.

          • saay7

            Selamat Amanuel:

            The authorities in Eritrea meet the basic minimum to be called a government: they excercise political power over Eritrean land and people. The reason people hesitate to call them a government is because their form of government is a relic of centuries past: an absolutist autocracy. There is no modern gov as terrible as theirs which is why people strain and reach for comparisons with North Korea and all the -Stans of the former USSR (Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan). Even the Stans have elections (where the president wins by 99%, at least bothering to go through the motions) which is we always end up comparing Eritrea to North Korea or as its admirers do: Cuba.

            saay

            saay

          • Amanuel

            Hi saay7
            I think NK is a better government than the so called GoE. At least they run regular meetings and minsters don’t to have to wait for foreign media to learn about what going on with in the country. They also produce the best military parade in the world.
            Hot news from Asmara: business people who crossed to Eritrea from Tigray are shocked to learn that there is no ATM machines in Asmara. Little they know Nakfa is in prison.

  • Hameed Al-Arabi

    Salam Hope,

    I hope you google to learn about political analysis. Secondly, give me examples of countries signed their trade, defense, security, social and political agreements under the auspices of UN and other international organizations.

    According to your comment above, I think you didn’t google or failed to conceive what you have googled. Anyhow try again, don’t give up HOPE.

    • Paulos

      Selam Hameed,

      You got a point and hope others can expound on that.

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam Sam,

    If for every attempt of “heroic act” to inspire the general public are failed in the course of action, it is not always a “timing issue.” If we concede for all failures of heroic act, in the last 28 years for lack of timing, we are failing from taking responsibilities collectively as people who strives for change. Actually, from my perspective, it is not from “timing” it is simply we have a “submissive population” to the power of the day. Our heroes did heroic acts to inspire the population. We just failed to follow their footsteps collectively and do our parts. So Sam, no excuse of timing.

    • Berhe Y

      Hi Amanuel,

      I know your position on this is clear and every time the discussion comes, you do not agree.

      We are Eritreans, for better or worse there is nothing we can do about it. And we are no different than any other society and as such we have our achievements and we have our failures.

      Criticizing our method of struggle is correct and legitimate, but dismissing it totally as not a viable option is not right.

      In short, what I like to ask you is, what do you propose that we do?

      Berhe

      • Hope

        Selam Berhe:
        Spot on!
        THANK YOU!
        I rest my “ case and issues” with you!

    • Semere Tesfai

      Selam Amanuel Hidrat

      “Actually, from my perspective, it is not from “timing” it is simply we have a “submissive population” to the power of the day.”

      How about just for once, humbling yourself and say ‘we as an opposition have failed time and again to ARTICULATE and SELL our message to the Eritrean people’. Just for a change!

      I know in your rotten mind the people on the PFDJ side of the isle are brainless walking zombies. But does the whole Eritrean population has also to be EXACTLY like the folks in the PFDJ camp so YOU can be the only intelligent being in the nation? And if that is the case……….

      WOULDN’T THAT PUT THE WHOLE ERITREAN PEOPLE ON THE SAME PAGE (THINKING-WISE) – EXCEPT YOU?

      Semere Tesfai

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Haw Semere,

        Do you really need to say “rotten mind” by the way? In any case, if there are some, it could be only those who are defending the despot at any cost like yourself. When you try to justify for every action of the despot, including incarnating young children; when you justify citizens to be sent to jail without due process and without facing the court of justice to defend their innocence; When you allow your conscience to justify the death of citizens in the regimes foxholes; when you justify citizens to be robbed by the mafia regime; when you justify the misery of our young, then you will know who has “rotten mind” in the mind of the victims in particular and the public at large in general.

        So Semere, try to remove the speck from your eye before you try from your brother’s eye. Your specks are justifying the action of the evil man who is devouring our young generation.

  • Ismail AA

    Dear Sam,

    First I must commend the time and seriousness that produced a lucid assessment expose of your thoughts about state of current affairs of Eritrea in the backdrop of recent dramatic developments on local and regional levels within the framework of geopolitical rivalries through proxies. But reading through the text I anticipated to read equally erudite counter options for Eritreans to salvage themselves from the gloomy present and future you have sketched. Even though you did not put it in words, you ended up telling them that they have not option but succumb to fait dictated by the despot.

    However, a reflective reader who believes that nations do not just give up hope and await providence to have mercy on them and break the chains of bondage, cannot but suggest alternative options in lieu of you. Given that every means to redemption is not available to the Eritrean people as you have ably stated, then the only option to them should be sooner or later resorting to extreme, which may be brief and short cut undertaking, option. I think the situation between 1952 and 1961 the Ertrean people faced scenarios similar to what you have sketched. The option to negate peaceful struggle under the ELM from 1958 to 1960-61

  • Abraham H.

    Dear Sam, provided what you wrote here regarding the attitude of the local Eritreans is true, then we are up for a very dark future. I’m considering the fact that DIA has already started to openly groom his son as his possible successor, in what could be said as a Kim-dynasty style, with total contempt to the Eritrean revolution’s promises and to the Eritrean people in general. I really hope that Eritreans within Eritrea will prove you wrong, once the peace takes hold, and the attention of the people is moved away from the need of bare survival but to have rule of law, justice, and dignified life.

    • Sam

      Hello Abraham,

      I will come back with more detail on this. I am not saying the situation is hopeless. I am just encouraging diaspora Eritreans to refrain from wishful thinking and see the problem in Eritrea for what it is and then adjust their tactics accordingly.

      Sam

  • Dis Donc

    Dear Awatawians,
    I wanted to say happy Ethiopian new year to you all. Here in Chile, 18 is independence day, 19 is military day, 20 is paso agosto (the passing of bitter August cold and welcoming of spring) so the government decided to give us the whole week off! I wanted to write earlier in the week but got tied up with family matters. These days, given the shear volume of comments, it is becoming difficult to engage or even to participate. So I will sit out the remainder of my free week observing….

    HAPPY NEW-YEAR AGAIN TO ALL!!

    • Nitricc

      HI DIS; so, what is your point? lol

      • Dis Donc

        Dear Nit,
        you trouble maker! Lol.

        • Nitricc

          Hey DIS; hahahahaha: i know it is in my blood to make trouble. I thought it was funny what you said. You always say; you are busy, you don’t have time, but today, you have so much time you don’t what to do with it. it is all good my friend. you good!

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Dis Donc,
      Same to you and your family. Enjoy your free time and happy observing.

    • Amde

      Selam DisDonc

      Happy New Year to you and family as well.

      Chile must be the longest country that stretches from the Tropics to the Ice bound seas. I guess its logic is to stay to the west if the Andes.

      In any case, I wish you a happy coming of Spring.

      Amde

      • Dis Donc

        Dear Amde,
        While that might be true (it’s length) the weather is non tropical. The northern part is desert (the Atacama desert) well into mid-Peru (past Tacna and Arequipa). The two northern cities are Iquique and Arica both hit 27/28 Celsius in summer and low single digit in winter. Anything below Santiago is four seasonal latitude, save Magellanes which is polar weather. I live in La Serena (500 km north of the capital), where it has a micro-climate of its own. The summer last from 15 Dec to March 15 with max temperature being 20 degrees. The weather follows this period as well. outside of that, its is always cold. In winter the temperature doesn’t climb more than 5/6 Celsius. Sadly the west is the mountainous Andes and it is always snow covered and bitterly cold. Because of this we are connecting with Argentina via tunnels….

        Chile 101.

  • Paulos

    Selam Idris,

    If you check under, “In support of former Finance Minister of Eritrea Birhane Abrehe” you will find it.

  • Ayenta

    Awate:

    IA latest move to arrest Berhane appaers to be a bold and possibly risk move, but then IA has no choice but to incarcerate him. What other choice does our good president have? He cant let him roam in the streets of Asmara after officially denigerating him in his book. He is just a hazard that need to be taken out of the public eye. One, because he may create a snowball effect and two, it will make IA look weak. That is what he did with the other guys-G13, journalists, anyone who showed a slight sense of disobedience. The question is whether this will make his base to rise against him given the perennial ”Woyane” pretext is non-existent and thus no viable reason for his supports to obey him blindly.

    • haileTG

      Selam Ayneta,

      The canibalist dictator is now naked for the whole world to see. All questions are firmly focused on human rights, rule of law and democracy from every angle. It can”t hide behind its old deaf ears policy of no war, no peace. Berhane may be the first high profile casualties in this new era but many families and children are still escaping the regime as refugees, risking their lives. IA and his regime know in no uncertain terms that the world is not impressed by their machinations without the necessary change. We’ve seen so many re-liberation meetings of rebels in Asmara that IA staged in the past. They all went on to stab him in the back and called him out for what he is. He is again trying in vain to play the same nonsense again assuming the world was born yesterday. So, for your assumption of risk, this is the only way he knows to be and his days are numbered.

  • ‘Gheteb

    Eritrea: Sold To Ethiopia, Confederated With Djibouti And To Be Ruled By A Crown Prince

    Greetings!!

    The good for nothing VOTARIES of the anti-PFDJ camp have gone bonkers and lost the minute amount of rationality they used to possess these days. The dissipation of rationality in the anti-PFDJ camp was induced by the farragoes of spectacular diplomatic successes that Eritrea has so far registered.

    These resplendent diplomatic victories that the GoE/PFDJ is accruing these days have literally left the anti-PFDJ elements supinely prostrate only to mouth a logorrheic nonsensical pronouncement that are proven to be nothing but utter folderol each passing day.

    Yeah, Eritrea was sold to Ethiopia. Oh, Eritrea is sliding to confederation with Ethiopia. Yeah, yeah, Eritrea is stealthily being confederated with Ethiopia. We have a crown prince in Eritrea and his name is Abraham Isaias and he is in line to be Eritrea’s next king.

    One has to be really and certifiably OBTUSE to believe and spout such utter nonsense and expect that such pronouncements are going to resonate with any a sentient and sensible Eritrean. But in the anti-PFDJ camp ILLOGIC reigns supreme and rationality and logic are the rarest commodities.

    Eritrea is LITERALLY on the threshold of an economic revival and political ‘Risorgimento’ that is yet again to prove to all ‘the Eritrea doubters’ that this very country is indeed the center of gravity of the Horn of Africa and it is going to play a pivotal role in regional issues ranging from Djibouti to Somalia and from The Sudan to South Sudan.

    With the mammoth GCC ( KSA and UAE) capital injections, with Russia’s expertise and logistic center in the Red Sea, with the extensive market and trade with the Horn countries and the abundant joint ventures with different countries, Eritrea’s economic auguries is resplendently BRIGHT.

    As a parting shot, is it me alone or someone has already noticed that the anti-PFDJ camp and its element are the most barren in generating original ideas and are utterly bereft in producing new strategies to advance their political outlooks. What they have unfailingly done is to ride the coattails of others who come up with new opposition ideas to PFDJ.

    From the G-13 to G-15 to Wedi-Ali anf Akhria, from a recently published book to its author, from the UN to Coi to the Weyanes, they have been piggybacking without producing anything novel in their futile anti-PFDJ political campaigns. No wonder, then, I am of the opinion that the anti-PFDJ elements are a deracinated lot in the Eritrean political landscape.

    • saay7

      Hey Cuz Gheteb:

      I like this para:

      The good for nothing VOTARIES of the anti-PFDJ camp have gone bonkers and lost the minute amount of rationality they used to possess these days. The dissipation of rationality in the anti-PFDJ camp was induced by the farragoes of spectacular diplomatic successes that Eritrea has so far registered.

      Also, thank you for calling us “anti PFDJ” and “anti-GOE” instead of “anti-Eritrea.” It’s a welcome elevation of the discourse.

      In other words, we are what exists in every nation on earth, legal or illegal: an opposition.

      So question: what was Abraham Isaias Afwerki doing in Jeddah sitting next to the Ethiopian Foreign Minister? Everybody else there had a title that justifies his or her presence.

      saay

    • Mitiku Melesse

      Hei ‘Ghetab.
      Eritrea: Sold To Ethiopia, Confederated With Djibouti And To Be Ruled By A Crown Prince

      Assume this is true. What have the awate.com oppositions done against it?

      They have been writing about it and they will continue to do so since they are brave.

    • Hameed Al-Arabi

      Salam Gheteb,

      You are really superficial. You look to political issues subjectively and interpret them due to your personal whims. The first step to be taken after Ethiopia acceptance of Algers agreement is to assign a COMMISSION OF BOUNDARY MARKING. It appears border demarcation is dropped and the two guys are active in grilling new dishes.

      Isaias and Dr. Abi Ahmed have signed in Saudi Arabia under the auspices of UN and other international bodies a CONFEDERATION TREATY that is represented by its details: Social, Security, Defense, Trade, Economy (sure Eritrea will drop Naqfa and adopt Bir) and political. All this displays a gradual melting of a country ones named Eritrea.

      My friend, I didn’t hear in my life nations do their bilateral dealing in economy, trade, defense, etc. by treaties under the auspices of UN and other international bodies. It is a strange pact that her engineers have chosen it to be vague. WHY THE TREATY IS VAGUE THAT IS THE QUESTION.

    • Amanuel

      Hi ‘Gheteb
      You mentioned PFDJ eight times. Can you tell us when was its last congress? What about meeting of its CC?

    • Consolation

      Hi Geteb,

      They say nothing succeeds like success. I say nothing stinks like failure. The so-called |Eritrean opposition is the most incompetent bunch ov clowns ever seen in the history of politics. Every time an opportunity arises for them to redeem something, they take the opposite choice. The whole world saw the tumultuous and spontaneous reception the Eritrean people accorded PM Abiy. Yet these clowns came out immediately to denounce the peace overtures and declared that it does not represent them. As if anyone cares. What can you say about people like that. They are now working overtime to convince us that the sky is green.

      Now I understand that after waiting for 20 years, seeming what is happening can only be hellish and traumatic.. But making an as of yourself The weyane stooges are too taineted with treason to be that. Those who have not s not the cure. Eritrea needs a mature, responsible, credible and loyal opposition. The Weyane stooges are too tainted with treason to be that. Those who have not compromised themselves should first of all make a clean break from the traitors isf they want to be taken seriously.

      • David Samson

        Hi Consolation,

        Do you still stand by what you lied the other day: his books are written by some one else and voices are spoken by an actor?

  • haileTG

    Hi Hope,

    It is my take on the issue, not inteded to confuse you or something else. I see your point too. We have the right to interpret it any how we see fit. The war is over, there is no need to extend the state of paranoia any more.

    You need to feel comfortable with all types of opinions and believe that Eritrea deserves to entertain the vast array of contributions by all her citizens. Some people have not adjusted their mental clock yet. They still act and think they are in no war no peace times. It is peace time now. Ask any question, give any idea IA and his family don’t own the country that hundreds of thousand died, migrated, injured, jailed and brutalized for. It belongs to every one or no one. So brother hope I appreciate your frustrations but let the peace take over and see where it would take us.

  • Hameed Al-Arabi

    Salam Abdulworld,

    Where is the forward move you speak about? Please, move forward to globalization and the entire people of Eritrea, young and old generation, will follow you. You are requested to show us just the forward move. I don’t see any forward move by your god or his worshipers. They are stuck in the “Nihnal Alemanan” manifesto of 1970. Believe me all the people of Eritrea wish you to depart that very back DATE, 1970.

    • abdulworld

      Hello H.
      Don’t know what you are talking about… it is all over all the place.

  • Abrehet Yosief

    Selam Awate Team,
    I hope they will be kind to Mr. Berhane Abrehe. It seems he comes from the same cloth as Bitweded, I will speak my truth and face consequences “ginbarey niTyt”, mentality. I believe it was next to impossible to organize before making bold statements. But I also wonder if their complete loyalty to their party also prevents them from trying to organize with non EPLF/civilians? Where is the wisdom in sacrificing one self without a plan for the next step? I hope by some miracle he will be spared a painful incarceration and may be he will be a catalyst for a popular call for release of all prisoners of conscience.

    • Berhe Y

      Hi Abrehet,

      I think by now everyone should know there a nothing called mercy from Isayas Afeworki. The only way to defeat him is to think like him and beyond. When you have a chance to take him out, you have to make the first move otherwise, he will take you down.

      There is nothing well established trend of IA, as how he resolves disagreement. Elimination. Menkae, yemen, ELF, Disabled tegadekti, Bitweded, G13, G15, Journalists, Wedi Ali, Akria etc.

      I was hoping that this time it would be different but it appears that it isn’t.

      First and foremost we have to declare “Isayas Afeworki Wanted: Dead or Alive”.

      Berhe

      • Abrehet Yosief

        Selam Berhe Y,
        I think that was declared a long time ago. Currently, those who need him alive are much stronger than the others.

    • Paulos

      ሰላም ፍትውቲ ሓፍተይ,

      እንታይ ይግበር ኢልክዮ ሕማቕ ዘመን በጺሕና፣ ጸሎትን ምህለላነ የድልየና፣ እግዝኣቢሄር ነቶም ንጹሃት ይርአ።

    • saay7

      Abrehet:

      ማእሰርቲ ኣዝዩ ከቢድ ዓይነት መቕጻዕትት እዩ:: ንእሱር ሰብ እታ ንዘይተኣስረ ሰብ ኣዝያ ሓጻር እትመስሎ ሓንቲ ሰዓት እኳ ማዕረ ናይ ብዙሓት ዓመታት ናይ ጭንቀታትን ስቅያትን ሂወት እያ:: ስርዓት ኢሳያስ ግን ንማእሰርቲ ከም ዋዛን ቀሊል ጉዳይን ጌሩ እዩ ዝጥምቶ:: ኣይስከፈሉን እዩ::

      — Berhane Abrehe, “Hagerey Ertra”, book 2, Page 146

      • Abrehet Yosief

        Selam Saay7,
        I was reading that too. What is the point? They all jump into the flame like moth. As if they are some sacrificial lamb. I wonder if they don’t regret surviving the war and perhaps wish they died heroes? We don’t need any more dead heroes.

        • saay7

          Abrehet:

          The way I see it there are 4 options:

          1. Be a Ramadan M/Nur. Reduced to a ceremonial man
          2. Rotate between being frozen and an attack dog ( Ambassador Estifanos, Ambassador Beyene, etc)
          3. Be exiled (too many to list)
          4. Be a Berhane Abrehe.

          When you are in advancing age, and you care about your legacy, the Berhane Abrehe Option appears to be the most honorable.

          We are also assuming ther was/is no plan: that his action won’t be, now or the future, an inspiration to others.

          saay

          • Paulos

            Selam Sal,

            This may sound a bit of mystical but some people at some point in their lives lose the meaning of death and the dread that comes with it all together when the core belief they stand for becomes them instead. What is even more extraordinary is the fact that Birhane is a father of children he is leaving behind and a husband of a wife whose fate is uncertain. You can only imagine how incredibly tough it is.

            We live in a society that worships super-heroes or Uber-Men as in the “Marvel Production” churns them out in big screens or on Netflix through out a year simply because they are beyond human. In a true sense and in real time, as Sam put it, we have a local, a local hero generations to look up to and find inspiration as well.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Saay,

            I don’t know what will inspire to the “unprofessional” Eritrean army. All kinds of heroic act (G-15, Wedi Ali, Aboy Haji Mussa, now Berhane) were intended to inspire the Eritrean defense force (EDF) and the general public. Albeit, their ultimate sacrifices are in vein. We failed either to deter the despot or to neutralize him by force.

            This reminds me our debate (you and me) on the concept of “Democratic coup” as to whether our Eritrean Defense Force (EDF) is capable to initiate DC. I am totally convinced that they can’t, for the reasons I gave you at that time. The current army are build to serve the “PFDJ” party and their “system”. They are not “people’s army” and nothing can inspire for a “party’s army” to bring changes.

            Second, the Eritrean people generally by nature are only “follower” (ህዝብና ሰዓባይ ጥራይ እዩ). That is my observation so far from experience. Their muted reaction on the current move of the regime is in it self a good exemplary to the nature of our people and a proof to my assessments.

            Therefore Saay, if we want to bring change for our nation, every thing we do must start from recognizing the nature of our “army force” and nature of “our people”. Just wishful things without knowing ourself and our army is simply unproductive. Add to these, the mistrust among the components of our society and the arrogance we are exhibiting on our communication with each other.

            Regards

          • saay7

            Selamat Emma:

            Interestingly, in his book Berhane Abrehe says that Isaias Afwerki conducted a coup in 2003, when he told all the civilian administrators to report to the generals by dividing the country into command zones and that the generals failed to excercise their fealty to the constitution and to demand that the decision be authorized by the National Assembly. So when I say we need a “democratic coup” it is to counter the coup Isaias conducted in 2002, when he effectively dissolved the assembly (hasn’t met yet.). Berhane also says Isaias did the same thing with the PFDJ itself by freezing its cadre school. So when I say it’s a one man country it is because it is a one man country: one man and his frightened coiterie of thieves, bandits, opportunists, cowards and the eternally patient waiting for a miracle.

            Incidentally, there is an interview conducted with one of his sons on the details of the arrest and how it has impacted the family check out “Interview with Birhane Abrehe’s son Ephrem” on YouTube.

            Finally I want to thank Addis Standard (and the Eritrean activists who persuaded it) for covering the case of G15. Amnesty Interntional has also reported on Berhane Abrehes arrest. These government cheerleaders who think that because their government did what it could have done 14 years ago then everything is forgotten and everybody will just wither away continue to be as clueless as they have always been.

            saay

          • Paulos

            Sal,

            Have you read the book[s] already?

            P.S. I am perfectly fine if you don’t feel like responding.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selamat Dr. Paulos,

            That is easy, YES. He is in page 218 of book two now.

          • Paulos

            Fantination,

            Ha ha I am sure he read them both in five red lights. Do you know where and how I can get hold of them? Want to order. Thank you.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selam Dr.,

            I haven’t ordered yet (having fun with Awate) but I was thinking about getting it from eritreanliberty dot com. I don’t know them and they look new, but I was planning to ask Saay this weekend, so we may as well ask him together now.

            Saay,
            You are hereby asked, sir.

          • Paulos

            Fantination,

            Sal ካብዛ ዕምርቲ ዝኾነት ቤት ምሕሳብን ምምርማርን “ኤርትራ ምጥሓን or ምድቃቕ*” ዝኸፍት ኣትሒዙ ክብጥረመልና ጀሚሩ።

            *Digest.

          • saay7

            Fanti and Paulos:

            The website is Eritreanliberty dot com. Two books, each $20 plus shipping.

            His nephew is who will do the shipping. (He, Solomon Habtom, was interviewed by Assenna.) The one whose interview I shared today (youtube: Interview with Birhane Abrehe’s son Ephrem) is his 25-year old son who did the Eritrean Pilgrimage (father fights for 25 years to liberate a country, son goes through hell to get out of it) and has to deal with the arrest of his mom and his dad.

            As SGJ will tell you, when you self-publish, it is difficult to ship so people need to be patient and not expect Amazon fulfillment service. This family is dealing with a tragedy and need to be shown some patience: I have seen some nasty messages directed at them from people who didn’t get their book in 2 days 🙁

            saay

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selamat Saay,

            Very good. They were the one I could trace from your tweeter. I just ordered mine, and totally relaxed since I am not in hurry to receive it.

            Dr. Paulos,
            You are on your own now!

          • Paulos

            Thank you sir.

          • FishMilk

            Hi saay7. I am sincerely asking you to not dismiss BIrhane Abrehe in a historic dismissal pattern. Timing is critical and Birhane’s case should serve as a rallying call for PIA/PFDJ accountability and transparency. Timing is critical and if you do not now rally around Amnesty International’s today plea to hold the GoE accountable for the arrest of Birhane, I will be extremely disappointed. This incident is huge……capitalise off of it!

          • saay7

            FishMilk:

            I just saw your post. Please see my reply to Emma. I *NEVER* dismiss any Eritrean who stands up to Isaias and his band of criminals.

            Almost all Eritrean opposition are actually pressure groups. The difference is the former are about assuming power (like the Ethiopian opposition) and the latter are focused on bringing light to the abuse of the government. If the government stops arresting people, starts releasing people, limits national service to 18 months, and introduces even rudimentary rule of law, most opposition would cease.

            This is why I find it ironic when the pro Isaias Eritreans admire Ethiopian opposition. Those guys were ready to burn the country down, go to full scale civil war if they had to, to remove the government. Most of us in Eritrean oppo are unwilling to do that to our country, given that our dictator and his corrupt supporters are using children (National Service) as human shields.

            saay

          • FishMilk

            Hi saay7 and thanks for your reply. I believe maybe you misunderstood the intention of my email. You mentioned 4 options to place Berhane’s case within. I am trying to say that his case is different, due to timing, at the time of the peace agreement, and does not belong in any of them. Rather his case should serve as a ‘cause celebre’ from which a protest movement can, with the right amount of inertia and focus, be launched. And, when done so in synchrony with international organizations, such as Amnesty International, concerted efforts can have a far greater impact. But the window of opportunity in the regard has a short-term opening!

            I have strongly voiced my discontent with the form and nature of Eritrean ‘opposition’ over the past 2 decades, and in that regard, I have always remained constant. However, I have always mentioned that the turning point for me, would be resolution of the border. With signatories now effected on the Ethio-Eri Peace Agreement in Jeddah, however obfuscated in procedural process related matters may be, and certainly not to my personal liking, peace has officially been achieved. Inasmuch. with de facto resolution of the border, I have absolutely no reason to defer from demanding accountability and transparency from PIA/PFDJ to include and foremost, the immediate release of all political and religious prisoners.

            I believe in the past and even now, you have lost potential members of your oppposition movement, as a result of casting people either in the 1) PIA/PFDJ camp, or 2) The ‘oppposition’ camp. Problem was and is, that some of us, including no myself, have been caught somewhere in between. And, we have been offended in always getting labeled as PIA/PFDJ supporter.

            Yes, you can now count me in the opposition camp, as we are now de-facto in a ‘peace-time’ environment, and PIA/PFDJ can no longer justify dictatorial abuse and actions which are clearly beyond the scope of universal standards of law and orderly conduct.

          • saay7

            Selamat FishMilk:

            Welcome to our camp.

            saay

          • Abrehet Yosief

            Selam Saay7
            You are right. The only honorable choice left, Minister Berhane was left was to do what he did. And who knows, a few “ginbarey niTiyit” type might end up helping him in jail. It is possible, he did something that ghedim tegadelti admire and might end up catalyzing them.

    • Ismail AA

      Selam dear Abrehet,

      Knowing the cruelty of the despot, it’s doubtful even a miracle would preclude pain and suffering of BA; he would just expire in one of the dark dungeons the despot has chosen to place him unless perhaps, as you pointed out, his ordeal will jolt the conscience of the Eritreans to wake up.

      The other day, I told my good brother Dr. Paulos that the Eritreans may have come to a crossroad that could determine which way their hard-won independence would move; and that the cause of BA could turn to be straw the may break the back of the camel. I say this, because the danger that is gathering to hang on the skies of our nations is different than during the times the G-13, G-17, Betweded and even the martyrdom of the much revered Hajji Musa Mohammed Noor had raised their voices.

      This time, it the concern is national and involves the fate of the nation rather than being cause to change government or regime. It’s every patriotic Eritrean’s hope that Eritreans understand the gravity of the situation. They are watching that the despot has summoned audacity hiding behind regional and geopolitical interests and starting to play on the prohibited terrain that decades of blood and sweat had watered and established as red line.

      BA’s call on fellow Eritreans is precisely to tell patriotic Eritreans to take due notice and rise up to level of national duty to check the monster from trespassing that sacred terrain: national sovereignty within the wholeness of territorial frontiers is the last thing Eritrean would condone.

  • Abraham H.

    Dear george, you got it entirely wrong when you said, “First it does not matter what GOE do or don’t. What matter is what the opposition do/act.”. Any sensible Eritrean should first and foremost care for his countrymen/women inside Eritrea who have been going through a vicious dictatorship for decades., and not about a weak, disorganized opposition groups here and there. Imagine there is no any opposition to DIA regime, as an Eritrean who should wish for the progress, peace, justice, and well-being of his people; do you condone the actions of DIA towards the Eritrean people over the decades? Now that peace has been declared in front of the international community, do you approve of rule of law, and justice to those who have been denied freedom for decades? The whole issue is not between the DIA regime and the weak opposition as the likes of your DIA-worshipers would want to portray it; instead, it is between the regime and the Eritrean people’s well-deserved and long overdue rule of law, and respect of their human dignity.
    I’m not familiar with any opposition group that didn’t support the eebc ruling, and no matter what kind of stance they had on the issue, they were and are still powerless to enforce it. The ball was within the court of the two regimes, and now, after 16 years of ‘no normalization without demarcation’ cry, the regime that you worship has finally accepted the offer of normalization from Abiy, before a single border pillar has been errected, and before the regime’s bartering village of Badme has been vacated by Ethiopia.

    • @george

      Dear AH.

      Perhaps i did not elaborate my objective. What i am trying to say is that your repeated cry about peace, justice and whatever else you blabber is disingenuous. Your repeated characterisation of PIA, one who founded the EPLF and guided to victory , as some kind of dictator is a bad strategy. He is loved and respected by millions of Eritreans. We have peace in our country. We are not perfect but we working on bringing meaningful justice to the mass. The hardships we are facing is primarily external. Eritrea has faced real existential threats from multiple actors. Dismissing those who support the government and their concern is to your detriment. Ask yourself a simple question come up with the amount of pressure put it on the Richmond government how come the government didn’t collapse. We have faced invasion, sanction, sabotage and yet we are still standing and you are an outside looking in. What does that tell you? You have no traction. You are not trusted. If you know anything about Eritreans you would know trust is everything.

      • Abraham H.

        Dear george, ok, let’s wait and see what DIA ruled Eritrea is going to accomplish in a peaceful atmosphere, and how it is going to fare differently than the last 17 years. Your and my views are very much distant so we have to see how things play out in the ground. Remember I’m still telling you the matter is not between a weak, diaspora based Eritrean opposition and DIA, but instead, it is between the latter and the Eritrean people. Even though I don’t buy your assertion of mainly externally induced hardship; let’s say you are right, then we must be able to see easing out of those hardhip very soon. But I strongly doubt any improvement as long as Eritrea is under the regime which is the prior enemy of the people, with its erratic mo, that doesn’t believe in rule of law and fair play.

  • Hameed Al-Arabi

    Salam Hope,

    Did you ever heard about an expert of political analyst? What does he conducts? Kindly invite you to google and learn about a political analyst expert that you hear about often in media? I think I deserve a prize, do’n’t you think that? Next time, I hope you will analyse properly and apprehend comments written on the forum. See you a good political analyst expert next time. Good luck!!!

  • Selam Hope,

    Of course, they can. We are simply trying to understand the wording of article 2, which seems to leave all doors open, and different interpretations made. .

  • Selam Abdulworld,

    As you know, it started as a peace agreement to solve the border impasse. Soon it developed to ethio-eritrean rapprochement that ended up taking into considerations all the features of a country, (politics, social, economy, trade, defense, and security), as we see in the final agreement.

    The statement, “Considering the close bonds of geography, history, culture and religion between the two countries and their peoples;” is among the things that show that this agreement may not be an ordinary agreement meant only to bring peace between the two, and it could be to create major co-operation that goes beyond peace.

    Maybe IA as a leader of eritrea who showed a lot of negative results during his rule must be floated and a situation that looks like success in the eyes of his people, should be created, and this could also have been taken into consideration. God knows.

    Deep bond could be what we may see as the result of the agreement. Those who wrote the deal do not give it any special name, and it is only us that call it a “confederation”. It will be allowed to function without calling it any name, because confederation is not an attractive term for both people. How this will develop, we will see. If this is what regional powers want for one reason or other from ethiopia and eritrea, a relation that may or may not end somewhere, only time could show.

    • abdulworld

      Hello Hor..
      “Those who wrote the deal do not give it any special name, and it is only us that call it a “confederation”.”
      It is “peace and friendship treaty” and there are hundreds of these.. from India/Bhutan to Chile/Bolivia.
      Confederation is something completely different and it about union between two or more countries…
      It is important to know the difference so you are not spreading noise or nonsense.
      Peace and friendship treaty is not something Regional powers want… this is something millions of Eritrea and Ethiopian need to have peace, stability, and development… instead of being some of the most least developed nations on earth..

      The agreement should be applauded… and Saudi and Gulf and anything power that moves two African nation in direction of peace and cooperation should be applauded.. irrespective of your view on internal politics of those countries..

      • Kim Hanna

        Selam abdulworld,

        I agree with your analysis. We, the old folks, (not Horizon) use the only frame of reference we have to describe the events of today.

        My take in this “confederation” business is slightly different. If the leaders achieve what is in this agreement in its entirety, irrespective of the terms used the reality would be the same.

        You mentioned the 85 million people. There is a physical realty (I used gravitational concept before) that will take place when 85 million and 5 million begin to tango.

        I think it is a mistake to fudge the boundary and citizenship. It will become a gathering problem, specially when the 5 million are sensitive to their size.
        We first need to live side by side as neighbors like all our other neighbors. We should not refer to our bond, culture and history as if it was that good. It was not.
        Our neighbors…that is another whole story by itself.

        Here, I want to emphasize one thing. Ever since 1991 whatever happened and is happening within Eritrea is done by Eritreans.That includes the war. Looking and using twisted logic to blame Ethiopia at every turn must be rejected. Take responsibility. Some want to blame PMAA for making peace deal with PIA to remove the threat of war. If the deal is deficient on Eritrean side blame yourselves not Ethiopia.

        Eritrea needs to live within its means so do we. let the business side lead the way of the relationship and the rest would follow the natural equilibrium in due time.
        Some of my old beliefs have not left me completely, but the current environment inform me not to force it in any direction but let it happen naturally. As some one old singer sang…..what will be will be.

        Mr. K.H

        • abdulworld

          Hello KH,
          I agree with most your comment. Some Eritrean refuse to be accountable for their mess. It seems to be an external bogeyman.
          Our stories or narrative have been so externally focused on what others are doing to us- we can’t see our failing.

          I just think people like to stir or make things up or our insular culture keeps us in echo chamber.

          Just like Djibouti can have a mutually beneficial relation with Ethiopia the same is possible for Eritrea..

          I only mention the 85 million Ethiopian people because those are people below age of 35. And in all likelihood all they know is separate country called Eritrea.
          I believe a common document like a “treaty of friendship” which included the implementation of border ruling.. is what was signed.

          The treaty of friendship are common and everywhere but I don’t think confederation are common at all.

          “If the leaders achieve what is in this agreement in its entirety, irrespective of the terms used the reality would be the same.”

          This is not accurate at all. I believe confederation and treaty of friendship are two different things. Bangladesh and India have the same boilerplate treaty of friendship that doesn’t lead to confederation?

          I am not sure if the usage of term confederation is actually about reference or just looking back..

          I think it is residue of belief or programming that Ethiopia wants us back. If you have border problem Ethiopia wants to take over us by force or if you have peace treaty Ethiopia wants confederation…

          It doesn’t have to be reality just belief…

        • Blink

          Dear Kim
          The war was initiated by weyane and it was prolonged by weyane that we know of.The inside problem in Eritrea was and still is done all by PFDJ that also we know . Eritreans never been intimidated by the largeness of Ethiopia nor do they see themselves above Djibouti. What we all need is peace and I guess that disturbs the few traders of weyane and their pals . Stay clam and don’t get caught in their losing teeth.

      • Amde

        Selam Abdulworld,

        I happen to think this would be a kind of treaty that would makes sense to be honest, but the devil is in the details. And it is only fair that the people (on both sides) have the right to know what is cooking.

        Still, there must be a quid pro quo. Otherwise, why would KSA or UAE fall all over themselves to be recognized for resolving something they were very tangentially concerned about? Besides neither Ethiopia nor Eritrea have the kind of reputation that our new lords get much publicity or diplomatic mileage out of it. That is the worrying part for me. Are we being committed to a war with Iran? Is there a secret Annex/Protocol/Memorandum/Treaty whatever the fancy word might be?

        What constitutes a Confederation whether one calls it confederation or not? It might mean something specific in legal terms but if a basket of deals end up with the same effect then it doesn’t matter what it is called. Personally, I hope we get many mutually beneficial agreements that will bind us away from the nastiness of war and the egos of petty politicians. I would like to think the signatories on both sides have accumulated a generation’s worth of wisdom about what went spectacularly wrong the last time around.

        I guess we will see.

        Amde

      • Hello Abd…

        To satisfy your wish let’s call the new relationship, “peace and friendship treaty”. Do you believe that this will change the reality on the ground? Do you deny that this is going to be the relationship of two unequal entities when everything is put on the table, including the economy, defense, etc. The gravitational force of the bigger entity is going to have an effect of one sort or other. The only way to keep eritrea untouched is to fight from your side of the fence any agreement that is going to take place beyond the agreement for peace, and build that tall wall. The ball is on your side of the court.

        Times have changed and ethiopians and eritreans have changed, at least should change. The lopsided mantra of the past, “ ኤርትራ የግላችን፣ ኢትዮፕያ የጋራችን፤” is not going to work anymore in the new ethiopia. No ethiopian is really interested. The relation, if any, is going to be written on a clean slate, according to the new reality and geopolitical situation.

        The economic development you are talking about by keeping ethiopia and ethiopians out and eritrea and eritreans in, is not going to work. Instead of getting worried, the best thing is to erase all agreements as many have already said, except the one that has to do with peace, and thus keep the status quo as it used to be. It is not possible to fish without getting wet.

    • Blink

      Dear Horizon
      You know in confederation there is always transferring power from one to the central. Here we don’t see that in any form except in the sold camp. I think the idea of sold or confederation is an idea born from people at certain age with down ward arrow of market value of their political investment.

      • Selam Blink,

        Ethiopians and eritreans have been served a dish. They know its ingredients, but not how to call it, and this is exactly what is happening. The name is immaterial, not even the taste, but if it is nourishing to those who are fed.

        We are discussing the issue based on our personal conclusions by interpreting the phrasing of the articles of the agreement and everything said by the two leaders up to now, and not really age-wise, although the possibility of political commitment cannot be excluded. Simply we are saying that it shows the direction of confederation, and not that it is here with us. We could be right or wrong. It is not a crime.

        The chefs have said nothing. We do not expect PMAA to commit himself by giving it a name when and if he brings the agreement (the details) for discussion to the ethiopian parliament, although i think that he should. If this agreement is allowed to take its course, we will see where it will take both countries.

        It looks as if some people feel damned if they accept the agreement as it is, and equally damned if they reject it. It is a dilemma.

  • Paulos

    Selam Muhamuday,

    Just finished watching your video-message. And I say, thank you for the powerful appeal to human conscience.

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear Paulos,

      He yes deserve appreciation..I think I was the first among us that I saw the video-message and I never saw this type of message from him,,It is really nice to see him from reformer to changer. How nice!!!,

      This was the message I post today==

      Dear Acria,

      It is just a matter of time,,Be optimistic ..Now just I was watching the Mahmuday video he has awaken he was talking the same about the arrested hero and the rule that we were long waiting,,,All Eritreans will stand for their dignity,,,Just be patient and see …

      KS,,

      KS,,

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Dr. Paulos,
      I couldn’t find the video-message of our brother MS. Any tip?

  • Consolation

    Howdy Awatistas,

    If any Tigrayan or Eritrean imagines that Eritrea will drop the final and binding Algiers Agreement, then they badly need immediate medical help. It is the core point for which we have suffered the past 16 years and that we will abandon it simply to save the scumbag Weyanes is really wishful thinking gone bonkers. Nobody, and certainly no Eritrean, harvests defeat from the jaws of victory. The border will be demarcated with no changes. Badme will come to Eritrea and will be forever a reminder of Tigrayan betrayal. Remember that painting in which the heads of Hailesellasie, mengistu and Meles are trodden by an Eritrean fighter, well, that is what will be implemented. The Wewyane thugs will die the death of all traitors.

  • Nitricc

    Hi All; I don’t if you are following what is going on in Ethiopia. The people of Addis are calling for the head of Jawar Mahamod ; His Qero are responsible to this horrible crime. What surprised me most was this tweet from TPLF thug to Jawar Mahamod.

    ” Alula Solomonon Friday
    ኣብ ኣሸዋ ሜዳ ኦሮሚያ ተጋሩ ጥቕዓት ይብጽሐና ኣሎ ኢልኩምኒ ኣለኹም። ንጃዋር ሓቢረዮ ተዘራሪብና ኣለና። ብህጹጽ ደው ከም ዝብል ከፍልጠኩም ይደሊ።”
    So the attack was by the order of Jawar? This amazing! Okay PMAA I know you don’t have it about bring the stick out but let me give you advice. get rid of Jawar Mahomed. If he gets wacked then you will have a bigger problem, probably full scale civil war. Get rid of Jawar as soon as possible.

    • Nowinc

      Nitricc,
      you are always hyperbole, amazed, amused, surprised, shocked about what goes on in Ethiopia. May be you should move there to follow events closely.
      Do you know the significance of September 18 in Eritrean history?

      • Mitiku Melesse

        Hei, Nowinc.
        He is not interested who ever killed in Ethiopia. He is not comfortable any discussion about Eritrea. And luckily there are many tplf people pretending to be Eritreans so it is easy for him to divert the subject. Imagine awate.com without Ethiopia or anything to do with Ethiopia.

    • Ayneta

      Nitricc:
      Yu are still baffling about Ethiopia, way after your perennial enemies Woyane are gone?….falso eka mechem…

      • Nitricc

        Hi Ayneta; I know you are not gifted but whatever happens to Ethiopia, it will effect Eritrea. Unless Eritrea is moved to different location; Eritrea can not escape this reality! Now the borders are open, Eritreans should be ready to defend their honor, Dignity and morality. Forget this PFDJ PIA all other BS. Walk up.

  • Blink

    Dear Ayneta
    I think many people misunderstood the situation in Eritrea under Issaias, why people get shocked by the events that happened in Eritrea still for 18 years still amuses me. We need new way of looking Eritrea. Most people really don’t know how it looks and how the system operates because they have been running in California for many decades.

    • Paulos

      Selam Blink,

      I found your comment very interesting. I genuinely would like to know what you think is that we are missing. Please enlighten us if you will so that we can see the thing that is shocking us with in a context.

      The reason I am asking you is that, about a month ago I was talking to someone in person and he said the same thing that you are saying. He said, people do not understand how the country works under Isaias.

      P.S. I am perfectly fine if you don’t feel like responding.

  • Blink

    Dear Forumers
    Addis standards just put all the agreement main articles signed in KSA . IT seems the sold , confederation halewlow are bring flashed out to the dirt by Truth . Article Four states The two countries will implement the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission decision. In the Addis standards there are 7 articles. You guys can see .

    • haileTG

      Hey Blink,

      I think article 2 is confederation. Can you elaborate what “political” comprehensive cooperation would entail?

      • Blink

        Dear Haile TG
        Political comprehensive cooperation has nothing to do with confederation unless you guys wanted to make it in your own dictionary. While confederacy differ in its own way I don’t believe Eritrea and Ethiopia will be set at that level of what you guys tried to sell for example I don’t believe there will be common currency, trade , defense and other key issues but there will be a deep interest agreement of common ground. For example once the Border decision is implemented there can be regional initiatives that can change the vision of IGAD .

        • haileTG

          Selam Blink,

          Look carefully on how the border issue is made less important, ‘final and binding’ term dropped from the text and kept vague. Article 2 is an open ended clause that does not rule out any of the unions you described. In fact, synergy is a term used there, essentially means two parts working together for an outcome they can’t achieve individually. In the context of comprehensive cooperation it would naturally lead to some kind of union. In fact, borders are counter to that movement by its very definition.

          • Blink

            Dear HaileTG
            Don’t forget there is complimentarity too , for example in the drill industry many theories work to make the cracking work. It means The concept that two contrasted theories, such as the wave and particle theories of light, may be able to explain a set of phenomena, although each separately only accounts for some aspects and the port issues can come up to make that but the final and binding is not being to the back burner because the border decision is everything about it .

          • haileTG

            Hey Blink

            I am sure you know how such agreements are made at such a general level that many things are open to interpretation. The legal framework to be drawn up from it has a lot of room to justify any degree of cooperation above or below expected. For now we accept it in principle but dialogue first 😄

          • Blink

            Dear Haile TG
            Can you remind me what people in this forum were saying about Badme before 4 years ? I mean if we all go back and rewind everything we said about the border , it is amusing sir . Sometimes I laugh when I read some of our interactions. Whatever happened the people on the trenches are at peace and can sleep with out the fear from a running bullet that you have to admit .

          • haileTG

            Merhaba Blink,

            Don’t get me wrong, I am all for peace, trade, friendship of all sorts with everyone. My simple hope is we see the back of IA for good somewhat. If he is gone, you will be surprised by the sheer creativity and energy as well as resilience of Eritreans. It will be showers of blessings for every single Eritrean. He is the most qursus and hassad narcissist that inspired our great people to be at each others throat to the point of self distraction. IA is the cancer of the nation that was promising so much. Look at what we have now other than mutual recriminations? No fishery, no developed port, no airline to speak of or anything else to export other than mining that is externally dependent. IA is a man that killed all pontial an reduced us to people running for cover. His end will herald the start of long awaited self descovery for our people and nation. Imagine waking up a day where the hassad is no more and Eritreans starting to stretch and yawn with a dawn of a new sun in the horizon! All the enthusiasm and optimisim would breath a wave of powerful energy into every Eritrean. Alive again and strong again. The qursus and his few henchmen are the only thing left now on the last lap to freedom. At last!

          • Abraham H.

            Dear Haile TG, well said bro. the qrsusat have finally lost their destructive card of ‘Weyane threat’ to veil all their mess. It is now a new dawn to Eritreans, and we need to exert all our efforts to capitalise on the newfound peace. I think, we have also to engage with the Abiy gov in a constructive way to get their support and to convince them that Ethiopia’s benefits could be maximized and guaranteed only when there is internal peace, rule of law, and normalcy within Eritrea itself.

          • @george

            Dear htg

            Me, Die hard PIA supporter. You, i have a question. Have you ever tried to start a fishery business in Eritrea?. Or do you know anyone who tried? If so can you tell us what happened to them? Since you know how many university woyane “built. Surely you must have some knowledge about Eritreas business environment.

          • haileTG

            ማዓልካ ገርግሽ፡
            Yes I know some guy from middle to late 90s who ventured there. But PFDJ wanted part and the rest is history. Now days the fishermen can only sell to EriFish and also repay loan to PFDJ. It is a sad case. The same with everyone who invested, bought bonds, purchased into housing scheme…all are burnt. Typical of IA, full of promise and 0 delivery.

            Eritrean youth are now lucky (for the time being) that there are three accredited Universities: Axum, Mekelle and Adigrat just a bus ride away that they can attend to gain a diploma, degree, certificate that is worth the paper it is printed on unlike the other IA flops.

          • FishMilk

            Hi @george. There was some real cool investments before into Eritrean fisheries/aquaculture. You can research American Carl Hodges who before was leading the way for a $10 million project ‘Seaphire’ where they were using seawater irrigation to grow shrimp and sea asparagus. There was also the incredible mangrove work of Dr. Gordon Sato. We desperately need these type of projects to create employment opportunities.

        • Hope

          Selam Blink:
          Can U copy and paste what Mesketem.Net posted?
          It is crystal clear.

      • Paulos

        Hailat,

        Well, isn’t that more telling of the fact that we are getting the information about the Agreement from Ethiopia news outles? Unless otherwise Charlie is in slow motion today.

        • haileTG

          Hi Paulos,

          I read the news at Shabait. Was it released elsewhere?

          • Paulos

            Hailat,

            Only saw it on Addis Standard.

          • Haile S.

            Selam Paul,
            ኣንታ ጳውሎስ እንታይ ወሪዱካ? ንስኻ ትኣክል’ሲ ናብ ኣዲስ ስታንዳርዲ ኬድካ? ሻሂ ብየማናይ ኢድካ ዓቲርካ፡ ሽጋራ ኣብ ጸጋሞት ኣጻብዕ ቀርቂርካ፡ ሰለፍካ ኣተሓናጊርካ፡ መነጽር ቁሩብ ኣትሒትካ፡ Beret ኣብ ርእስኻ ጋዕ ኣቢልካ፡ ciao bellissima እናበልካ፡ ጥቓ ኢምፐሮ ዘላ ባር ኮፍ ኢልካ፡ Eritrea Profile ኣብ ማእከል ዘርጊሕካ፡ ነይሩ እምበር ምንባብካ።

          • Kim Hanna

            Haile S.,

            I didn’t understand what you said but I have a feeling that it was a tug to the core emotional appeal and concern. It is not an Amharic SEMINA WORQ format but a version of targeted communication non the less.
            Am I wrong?
            I read the breaking news at Shabait first and then Awate comments and went to Addis Standard.
            Tomorrow or so, I will check Eritrea Digest for context.
            I bet Fanti Ghana knows all the winding and apprehensive tap dancing of everybody.

            Mr. K.H

          • Haile S.

            Hi Kim Hanna,
            There was no wax and gold intended this time. Not so obviously, but I was criticizing that we don’t have a good newspaper in Eritrea. I was teasing Paul please try to read our one and the only one english newspaper, EP, that is read by the Asmarino english fluents or prentenders in the way I described the invidual. ንስኻ ትኣክል’ሲ was refering to his skill as english reader and writer. Nothing against Addis Standard, at all.
            I try to read Eritrean newspapers and frequently I see pageful of material that I don’t expect to see in a newspaper. To give you an example months ago I read detailed presentation of peste de petit ruminants (goat/sheep rinderspest) on a whole page and perhaps plus in englush in Eritrean Profile. Only a curious guy will or a profrssional will get interested. For the larger public, I am not sure. Instead of filling the newspaper with professionals, they fill it with whatever is available.

          • Paulos

            Selam Hailat,

            Ha ha እንታይ ይግበር ኢልካዮ ሓደ ቖልዓ ኣብዛ ጥቓይ ኮይኑ “ኣያ ሓሽሸልና’ባ እዚኣ ቤላ ዝኾነት ሎሚ ዝጀመረት ጋዜጣ’ያ ማራ ቤላ ዝኾነ ስእልታት’ውን ኣለ’ዋ” ኢሉኒ፣ ኣነ’ኻኣ ጥራሕ ንቐለብ ቆልዓ ዝኾውን ሰልዲ እዩ ዘለኒ ተበልክዎ ምስማዕ ኣብዩኒ፣ እንታይ ይግበር ኢልካዮ ናይ ቆልዓ ጸባ ቀጺዐ Addis Standard ገዚአያ።

      • Selam haile TG,

        If according to ‘article two’, “The two countries will promote comprehensive cooperation in the political, security, defense, economic, trade, investment, cultural and social fields on the basis of complementarity and synergy.”, what is there to divide them? It is not said directly, nevertheless, it looks like that it is nuanced in such a way to mean anything, whatever the outcome, including confederation.

        • Fanti Ghana

          Selamat Haile TG & Horizon,

          Articles 2 and 3 taken together may sound “confederation,” but the highest trade/economy official of Tigray gave some clue yesterday about future trade relations in general*.

          He said something to the effect of

          1) the desire for genuine cooperation from both sides is real,

          2) we are two sovereign nations, and therefore, all trade agreements will consider that fact and it will be similar to all trade relations we have with all other sovereign nations,

          3) he expects US dollar to be used for major trades while local (near border) trades will be similar to other border trades such as with Kenya, Sudan, Djibouti, and etc.

          It is safe to say that there is no federation or confederation being pursued from either side at this time.

          * ዜና ትግራይ ቲቪ ቀትሪ ሰሉስ 08 መስከረም 2011 ዓ ም (Sep. 18th 2018)

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Salam Fanti Ghana,

            QUOTE:

            “2) we are two sovereign nations, and therefore, all trade agreements will consider that fact and it will be similar to all trade relations we have with all other sovereign nations,”

            I think all agree with me that all trade agreements between sovereign nations are not signed under the auspices of UN and other international Organizations. The agreement signed in Saudi Arabia is a confederation treaty according to its details.

      • Hope

        Selam Haile tg:
        Why are we skipping the first and foremost Paragraph stating about respecting each other’s Sovereignty and Independence as well as Territorial Integrity?

        Cant that term “Political” can be the same as “Diplomatic”?
        Any difference from the IGAD MISSION Statements?
        Or from that of the EU ?
        Why are we trying to further confuse people trying to enjoy the Peace they have longed for 60 yrs?
        Can you post the Document or the Statements in their entirety as I read it at meskerem net?

    • Abraham H.

      Selam Blink; I think the concern of those Eritreans who have been uneasy with the ongoing deals is mainly because the Eritrean people or their representatives are not discussing these issues and they are just being conducted as the private affair of DIA; the matter is not specifically about confederation or federation. We have previosly heard of deals that he made with the UAE, without the people having any insight into the agreements, i.e. what Eritrea gets and gives in return for those deals. We are simply saying, the Eritrean nation which is the result of the sacrifices of tens of thousands of Eritreans, cannot and shouldn’t be the private affair of DIA and his servants. Now that the state of war with Ethiopia is declared officially over in the presence of the UN and AU, also considering the rapproachment with other neighboring countries is progressing well; we Eritreans from all political persuasions and views, should focus our attention to our internal affairs and make life in Eritrea worthy of all the sacrifices. We should stand together in calling for the rule of law, end to impunity, and justice for those who have been held incommunicado and our disappeared compatriots. We have to stand for brave Eritreans like Biteweded, the G15, Wedi Ali, and now Berhane Abrehe, the jouranlists, all political prisoners and prisoners of conscience, and all Eritreans that have been held without due process of law. In short we have to stand against all forms of tyranny and defend our own dignity as human beings.

      • Blink

        Dear Abraham
        You and many people know that It has been always like that but since you guys wanted to work it out from afar you remain to be new thing for this , remember Asseb has been under UAE use and there was zero interest for the sold group but since weyane got smashed and bused Mekele some people lost the burner . Since 2001 the man ruled Eritrea as his property with the notion that the country is at danger from weyane and that was simply beyond anyone’s guess . You know for many Tariq Rommadan and the catholic priests has been always misjudged by many while they are rapists .

        This Abiy peace deal is a welcome for the people who were on the receiving end but people tried to derail the peace from day one and that is the case.

        • Abraham H.

          Dear Blink, yes, we knew DIA ruled Eritrea at least since 2001 single handedly, and we have been protesting ever since to draw the attention of Eritreans away from the excuse of Weyane threat of the regime. The way I understand it, there is no sane Eritrean who opposes the peace agreement; expressing concern for the protection of Eritrea’s interest is not opposing the peace. Do you want the people to continue the way they have been doing for the last two decades, just accepting DIA’s decision, no matter what the consequences, and give him our blind trust? Man, let alone to an insane dictator deciding over the fate of an entire nation; it is even unacceptable to put a blind trust on one partner in the affairs of a given family. Now that peace is here, we have to concentrate on our own internal ailments, it is only then we can get a full dividend of the peace.

  • Mez

    The KSA signed agreement : “Agreement On Peace, Friendship And Comprehensive Cooperation Between The Federal Democratic Republic Of Ethiopia And The State Of Eritrea” on Addis standard.

    Interesting content.

    • Nitricc

      Hey Mez; what does it mean?

      • Mez

        Hi Nitricc,

        1) the paragraph “…terrorism…” bothers me a lot.
        2) I miss something like:
        “joint strategic infrastructure and human capital development”
        “International-best-practice based policy synchronization to facilitate commerce, secure pro-poor approach, broad social consenus based socioeconomic growth”.

        Thanks

  • David Samson

    Selam All,
    I wish the news had included the following facts:
    None of the witnesses have seen the agreement details.
    IA has perfected the arresting of individuals while he is away from the country. He had ignited the border war with Ethiopia while he was in KSA.

  • Dear All,

    “Peacemakers in the horn, war criminals in yemen.” These are the kings and crown princes of the ksa and uae. Can we say that both actions are for the same purpose – ‘denying iran access to the region’, or…?

    Yesterday i was saying to Mr. Kim Hanna, that ‘it is all about iran and denying it a foothold and the horn of africa is seen as their agricultural backyard’. Is this really all that is to it. Please, say your opinion on the politics of the GCC in the horn of africa? Can you imagine the horn of africa in a hundred years from now?

  • Mitiku Melesse

    Hei, All.
    Since the opening of Suez Canal no one has managed to control the Eritrean Red Sea peacefully. Even tplf and eplf have chosen opposite superpowers. The most ridiculous one was the one tried by Dick Cheney to make Isayas and Meles on US side immediately after he master planned the Badme for Asab war in the name of fighting international terrorism. But that failed miserably.

    Now the Saudi coalition manged to put both Eritrea and Ethiopia on one side. For how long we wait and see. The rest is only noise.

  • Acria

    Selam Nowinc,
    It shows the confounding reality of the events that are taken place recently. Naturally, you expect our DIA to share the medal of peace with some sort of ‘Gebre Senai’ to his people. Rather, what he did was to arrest his comrade. Got it? Sarcastic realism!

  • Acria

    Selam Awatistas,

    If this is really true, I don’t think we will see any change from this dictatorial regime unless we change our tactics. I call on all Eritreans at home and abroad to demonstrate peacefully, for now, for democracy, for rule of law, and for the release of all political and conscientious prisoners immediately. Fear will not bring change. Let’s not forget all the martyrs who fought to bring independence, the people who died in prisons, and the people who are languishing in dungeons.

    I have also a question to PMAA: to what extent and at what cost to the Eritrean people are you willing to deal with this unhinged dictator? Does your peace initiative include justice for the oppressed Eritrean masses? The old mantra ” we don’t need you, we just want your Assab” still applies in your Medemer principle? I know your plate if full at home; nevertheless, we Eritreans expect unwavering answers to these and other issues in your Medemer philosophy. Lasting peace can never be achieved with anybody unless we have peace in Eritrea!

    • abdulworld

      Hello Acria,
      I applaud what you said about rule of law. But all this is just pipe dream.
      I don’t have all facts with guy Berhane and is situation but what do you expect IA just leave him only?
      Of course, he is going to jail or disappear- others have died for less offense.
      You will have in Awate two things:
      1. First thing is about article “official taking risky” or Hajji Musa or Forto… and now least is Berhane and his book… of course what you don’t hear about is the resistance that doesn’t make it news or silent resistance, etc..
      But you might wondering why IA is still around for me at least it is very simple. You see when you have united and strong opposition- things like Forto, Hajji Musa could have a cascading affect.. but when you don’t have United Opposition.. that tinderbox or cascading trigger never takes full effect. So, you can do your protest and marches.. speeches and go to Geneva it doesn’t mean much.. IA will pick you like flies..
      So instead of Berhane conduct leading to major change or have an impact- it becomes more a gossip similar to one of those reality shows “Housewives of … ”

      2. Second thing you read about on Awate is Dr. Abiy this or that…
      First we Eritrean need to grow up and realize we are own country and Dr. Abiy has 100 million that he has to answer to… Either we fought 30 years so we can chart our course.. some Eritrean ridiculously making demand on Foreign leader..

      Medemer has nothing to do with Eritrea.. it is for Ethiopia and its people.
      The Ethiopia government or people are not responsible for you uneducated brutal dictator.. you vote 90%+ to be your own country 25+ years go… so do your thing.
      As far 85 million Ethiopians are content with having neighborly business relation with Eritrea…

      • Acria

        Selam abulworld,

        You are right. Mr.. Abrehe Berhane may be another statistics and demonstrations from diaspora may not make the desired effect. I am calling for fierce demonstrations inside Eritrea in unison with the people in diaspora. That should shock the DIA base and may lead to desired change. I also would like to send a stern waring to the supporters of DIA that the blood of innocent Eritreans is on their hands. Time will come when they have to justify their actions.

        On the other hand, the Medemer principle in reality means working together in unity to bring peace, stability, and economic development mainly in Ethiopia and, generally, in the Horn of Africa. Eritrea is part of this equation. Thus, Medemer, for that matter anything that happens in Ethiopia, will inevitably affect Eritrea. Don’t forget, we are in this mess because we happen to be neighbors with Ethiopia. Demanding or asking PMAA to thread carefully in dealing with DIA is a matter of our citizenship obligation

        • Abi

          Hi Acria
          You said ” Don’t forgot, we are in this mess because we happen to be neighbors with Ethiopia.” Really? Very patriotic!
          Let me correct your very wrong comment.
          You are in this mess because you wanted to be neighbors with Ethiopia.
          You welcome.

          • Acria

            Selam Abi,

            The phrase ‘ we happen to be’ is a statement of fact and is objective statement, and ‘ you wanted to be’ is subjective statement and can’t be applied to objects. Don’t get me wrong, I want to have a peaceful relationship with Ethiopia, including the attractive philosophy of Medemer. From Hailesselassie, to Mengistu, and to Meles [partially], all we got is destruction and war because we wanted to be free from Ethiopia. Even after we got independence, our freedom was hijacked by DIA and his base.

            Putting history aside, we don’t have a choice but to have a friendly relationship with all neighboring countries around us. The Horn of Africa, especially Ethiopia, has too many moving parts: unpredictable tribalism. I hope people of all tribes learn to coexist together. My biggest fear, however, is that we don’t want to be sucked into another war, directly or in proxy ( the case of Yemen, e.g.). We had and we have bad actors in play. So, don’t be offended by my objective statement.

          • Hope

            Selam Abi and my real Guaddu:
            Here are few of the FACTS:

            Ethiopia pushed for the failed Federation and the same Ethiopia dismantled the Federation and did the WORST-Unification by FORCE!

            Then what happened?

            And why?

            Simple answer:
            All the MESSES have been due to the BAD Neighbor called Ethiopia.

            Add this:
            The Sudan,Jabooty,Somalia and Yemen joined the BAD Neighborhood and “complemented or supplemented” that bad neighborhood and made it a Joint Regional BAD Neighborhood to this TINY nation,which has been isolated,contained,sabotaged,defamed,sanctioned,threatened and what not so as not to exist at all as a neighbor.

            But the final out come?

            Who is STANDING TALLER with its FOUR FEET and way STRONGER than its old bad and “strong” neighbors with and even helping the “Giant Elephant” to try to stand on its feet?

            How is Jabooty doing?

            Where is Yemen?

            No more to be spotted around as a nation along with its Master Weyane after it messed up with Eritrea’s Agent and Diplomat-your brother or uncle,Ato Tsighe.

            And Somalia?
            Appreciating Eritrea?

            The Sudan?
            Stumbling and trying to survive with no cash and with 70% inflation?

            Where was your Mamma estopia 4 months ago?
            And now and how?

            Consult Mitiku Melese!

            Ask your son,Alula as he will tell u that 2×2 and 2+2 is always 4!

            Yekeniyeley.
            Ghenzebka!

          • Abi

            Hope Nefse
            Unfortunately I can’t read your comments. I developed a habit of checking the fridge for “honey do list ” only on weekends.
            Since the format of your comment reminds me of the weekend chores and grocery shopping, I respectfully refuse to read it before the weekend.
            I hope you understand.
            I love you too.

            Guad Abiyotawi

          • Hope

            Selam Abi:
            Glad u got my message though!

        • Aligaz G

          Acria,

          If you really want to be objective the reason you are in this mess is because you and your leadership are a mess. Try not to blame your neighbors for all your problems this gets in the way of solving your problems.

          • Acria

            Selam Aligaz G,

            You are absolutely right: We have bad leadership and divided people. The Eritreans in diaspora are not like Mr. Berhane Abrehe. We won’t give up the luxury of our adopted countries to fight for Eritrea. Moreover, we became selfishly divided along religious, tribal, and partly affiliations: our biggest enemies in the Horn of Africa. Let’s not also forget the history of 1962-1991(war), 1998-2000 (war), 2000-2018 ( No war-No peace). I hope 2018 brings peace in the Horn of Africa and beyond.

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear Acria,

      It is just a matter of time,,Be optimistic ..Now just I was watching the Mahmuday video he has awaken he was talking the same about the arrested hero and the rule that we were long waiting,,,All Eritreans will stand for their dignity,,,Just be patient and see …

      KS,,

      • Acria

        Selam KS,
        The sooner the better!

  • Nowinc

    Hello all,
    This isn’t necessarily a sad news as we don’t know the outcome of the arrest yet.
    Btw, IA returned home already? If so, the silence of his media or his spox on twitter is a topic of an article in itself. Why wouldn’t a Prez who just was just celebrated and received Saudi’s highest award return to a marching band reception?? You are not making sense GN.

    • Acria

      Selam Nowinc,
      Just the arrest of this unselfish veteran says a lot about the actions of the regime. What would be a sad news for you? His disappearance? His death? Like what happened to the G-15? In life, you need partners to criticize you when they think that you are making a mistake, and partners to clap for you when you they think that you made positive progress.

      • Paulos

        Selam Acria,

        Not sure how well Birhane is known to the public and if he is someone whom everybody recognizes in the streets, it remains to be curious the fact that, people must have seen him when he was being taken away and the people who were watching didn’t even say a thing much less to protest. So much!

        • Acria

          Selam Dr. Paulos,
          I don’t expect Eritreans will say much after 27 years of hibernation. I hope we will have an awakening of all Eritreans, Christians and Muslims, hand-in-hand to stop this kind of injustice.

  • Kim Hanna

    Selam Awate,

    The Nobel Peace Prize award or other widely known ceremonial recognition awards to individuals usually come with a purse of valuables….usually money.

    UAE, head of state, presented our two leaders with an elaborate ceremony and gold medals.
    Several weeks later the Saudi Arabia monarch not to be out done held even better and elaborate ceremony of gold medal awards.
    Is any one aware of the value of the purse awarded to PIA and PMAA in each of the ceremonies ?
    I am of the opinion that money to UAE and KSA head of states has no value unless it is substantial. The recipients have no legal requirement of declaring the amount to anyone. Where does one go to find out, just curious.

    Mr. K.H

    • David Samson

      Selam KH,

      As the saying goes: “There is no such thing as a free lunch”, Both countries have got to give something in return. Although ‘Never say never in politics’, I will rule out Ethiopia sending its troops to Yemen. So, you are in such situation of ‘Ethiopians could fight with empty bellies’ (Melse’s bravado) or Abi’s pragmatism.
      I would have thought, it would be easier for you guys to ask the PM for details.

      • Selam David Samson,

        On the end of the pointless and savage war as he calls it, this is what a senior CNN international correspondent writes,

        “…..the result of diplomatic interventions from Arabia floated on a lake of petrodollars.”
        “Eritrea and Ethiopia have, effectively, been paid by Gulf nations to sign a peace accord in Jeddah.”

        Eritrea has already provided the base at assab. What we do not know is about ethiopia. Ethiopians may be opposed to sending ethiopian soldiers to Yemen. Unless the agreement is made public by bringing it to parliament, it remains a mystery. In ethiopia you do not need a lot to create a political crisis. Let’s hope that ethiopians like what they would be served.

  • Paulos

    Selam GN,

    It is really sad. May God be with him. “Eritrea Digest” put it aptly when it said, “Contempt.”

  • said

    Greetings,
    I wrote 8 days ago fearing for life Birhane must be careful( Birhane’s must be extra careful result of the unexpected being immaturely be caught unaware by IA tags.)
    https://disqus.com/home/discussion/awate/why_eritreans_must_support_berhane_abrehe/#comment-4086060607