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The Genius in a Lamp: ‘Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems’

The Genius in a Lamp: ‘Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems’

First things first: It is the purpose of this article to enlighten. Further, to provide insights into a very important (but optional!) political perspective in Eritrea’s cause for democracy in which many Eritreans – but in my view not many enough – wholeheartedly believe in.

Here is what this article is not about: Although I will convey my message with the necessary clarity of intent, it is not my aim to sideline other viewpoints, to divide,  or ‘expose’, but to raise awareness about certain patterns in our cause and above all, to seek improved mutual understanding and political efficiency among us. We need the latter in particular. The path to democracy after all, rallies around the dissemination of certain ideas and values. In this spirit, this article is a humble step towards just that.

Genius? The Problem with ‘Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems’

The Problem with ‘Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems’  is that it is widely misunderstood. Or in some cases it is understood and considered a confrontation.

It took me a while and a lot of back and forward on my keyboard to decide, if I should simply lay out a short and sleek analysis of ‘Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems’ and cut out the unpleasant by-products that always seem to come with it, or, if I shall indeed present the whole chunk. In the end, I decided to write from my activist heart, because the message I want to convey is much more complex than the analysis or anti-paralysis of ‘a slogan’.

Consequently, my article ended up twice as long as I bargained for; forgive me for that, but I really hope you will read it carefully to understand why it may be significant.

As an Eritrean opposition member, believing in and promoting ‘Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems’ as a mantra for change has often been a painful and difficult journey.

I sincerely wish that more Eritreans recognize how a very sincere attempt by some (with all its shortfalls, I’ll give you that) to bring a certain political direction for regime change into fruition  – as an option! –  is largely hindered by relentless…let’s call it….public stone throwing. And ever so often you get hit by a brick. Such patterns will without a question have a negative impact on all of us collectively in our quest to achieve freedom, justice, and the right to form a political opinion without fear from repercussions.

Spread across renowned opposition media channels in recent weeks we were yet again advised to stop advocating our non-violent political strategies in Eritrea and help refugees in Calais instead, that at least ‘can render a lot of support materially and politically’ and – contrary to our activities – was time well spent.

Another angrily ranted: ‘To them, conformity is the norm.  This opposition camp is the fertile ground the dictator so adeptly exploited.  It is not surprising, therefore, that people are migrating from Eritrea on biblical proportions…’

Seriously, is someone now even suggesting we are contributing towards the Eritrean exodus? This was a new one to me. But unfortunately, such nonsense, makes it repeatedly into leading opposition media and gets certain legitimisation.

And another activist jumps on the wagon on Facebook claiming: ‘This slogan [Eritrean Solutions for Eritrean problems] has become nothing but a stick to bash many members of the resistance for the crime of ‘having a base in Ethiopia’.’

In all honesty, the latest suggestions are a walk in the park…

As proponents of  ‘Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems’ you need an extra thick skin and perseverance. Even when you belong to the youth generation. We have faced massive public campaigns aggressively claiming we were ‘HIGDEF under cover’, ‘dangerous’, ‘sinister’ and ‘divisive’, and that the food at our conferences may entail poison…. Each time we organise a conference we know that members, participants, speakers, and even invited singers and key board players for the evening entertainment will be under direct pressure from others in the opposition not to attend by spreading fear and confusion. You would be surprised how many have told us they were approached or hassled. In fact, I think it should be mentioned for the first time, that our members have also received physical threats ordering us not to present ‘Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems’ on Paltalk anymore’, and even uttering a death threat to one of our members over the phone ‘if you attend the Bologna Conference, then….’. Our sister stayed at home – understandably.

“Many have boycotted your Bologna Forum event” someone tells me again this year in London during the conference in July.  “I know.” I respond.

When you get emotional people and seasoned opposition figures alike vehemently publishing or suggesting that the supporters of ‘Eritrean Solutions to  Eritrean Problems’  (most of them also proponents of non-violent resistance as seen in Tunis or Egypt) want to bring change by throwing ‘bananas and oranges’ at the dictator, that they are knocking the dictator’s doors to hand over a bunch of flowers, that they are Ethiopia-phobic, have a sinister agenda to divide, are not better than HIGDEF or – in a more moderate version – are stating the obvious with this lofty slogan (‘don’t tell me a cat has four legs’) and are therefore wasting their time…., then it may be time for someone who has been active in that camp for three years alongside so many other committed Eritreans learning, planning, liaising, discussing, strategising, fundraising, working through nights, motivating, hoping, mobilising, communicating….to let you know loud and clear:

Nothing of that could be further from the truth!

“The way we conduct ourselves is everything”

I may never grasp how a nationalistic political mantra can cause so much unease and anger among our people who I have always known to be very nationalistic at heart.  In fact, after joining the ‘opposition’ it was the most unexpected aspect to realise. I would not have guessed this in a hundred years.

And as much as everyone is allowed to express an opinion, none of the above  outlined falls into the category of political argument, constructive criticism, or useful analysis that has the potential to advance us as a society. None.

“Why don’t you simply drop your slogan when it causes so much divide?” – Some voices advise. This advice is beyond me. How are so many failing to question how our freedom of expression and assembly has been breached for years by a continuous aggressive pattern of public bullying, and behind-the scene defamation campaigns against our members, and now we are questioned instead and asked to adapt?

Forgive my comparison if you deem it inappropriate, but it reminds me of voices who excuse or explain a case of rape, because obviously, the woman was provoking wearing a certain pair of clothes that others considered inappropriate. She should change her dress style! Others feel offended, because a black family is living in their neighbourhood. Seriously, are you asking them to move out, because people in the neighbourhood feel an unease about who they are or what they represent?

So, the question goes to all of us: In the best interest of our cause and nation, do we participate in a politics of cynicism, dirty games, and unlocking of personal insecurities, urges, and grudges or do we engage in a politics of hope for our people?

I am for reviving the Eritrean dream with a Politics of Hope. Anything else will fall short of the change we really want to see. Getting rid of PFDJ is one thing, getting rid of its destructive habits within ourselves another all together.

To disagree, sometimes even vehemently, is natural. In particular in a democracy. To always believe in the same strategies, methods, or values would defeat our objective to create a free and diverse society. But how we engage in disagreement is absolutely decisive.

The context in which “Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems” needs to be understood

Here is an important point that is antecedent for the understanding of “Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems”. Listen carefully: The Eritrean cause is not foremost about the downfall of a dictator. At least it shouldn’t be. He could die of a heart attack tomorrow and none of our political strategies would be relevant anymore in that ten-second incident. Instead, our political discourse and adopted strategy should foremost be about the replacement of a system with something better (not merely its destruction). So in other words, our goal should be to foster both the process of getting rid of a dictator and preparing the grounds for the initiation of a peaceful transitional period followed by an independent democratic governance for the people of Eritrea.

This goal has to come as a pack. And to understand that is crucial when you want to comprehend the significance or Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems.

We have seen many brutal leaders go, only to be replaced by something equally worrying.  So, although only the universe holds all answers in its hand, and none of us can claim to hold the crystal ball, it should at least be our clear aim to prevent an aftermath of chaos from happening. We cannot simply promote the downfall of a dictator by hook and crook without using equally an approach  – at least in best faith and within our own limited capabilities  – that raises the potential for a peaceful aftermath.

How? By applying a political direction that accommodates the values and change we want to see. In an integrated manner. And the very first step of that starts with bringing that option into the awareness of the Eritrean people in general, and the active opposition in particular, before all else.

This brings us to benefit number one of Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems:

BENEFIT 1: It accommodates a sustainable long-term vision

So, what do I mean with it ‘starts with bringing that option into the awareness of the Eritrean people in general, and the active opposition in particular, before all else?’

Well, you cannot effectively bring something into realization, be it as an opposition or a nation if you don’t activate the very thing in your conscious awareness first. You need to be aware of it and want it. Only then, can it manifest.

So for example, if dominant parts of a nation promote war, there is a pretty big chance you act towards that and you manifest war and not democratic governance or peace. And it also works the other way around.

To acknowledge this is absolutely crucial, because it would require serious changes in the manner in which we advance the Eritrean cause, how we apply focus politically, and why the continuous promotion of certain values is time well spent and not time wasted.

Rallying for the downfall of the dictator by any means, for example, so even with the help of neighbouring states or their army (let’s get rid of ‘the same enemy’), validating that as a strategy among a nation, and then just hoping for the best once the dictator is gone, bears a huge risk. Because the strategy does not promote or accommodate a set of democratic values and very important attributes such as inclusiveness and participation of greater parts of the Eritrean society locally. However, they are a vital ingredient for a peacefully and democratically lead transition in Eritrea. So, by all means is foremost a tactical strategy in nature with short-term gain (getting the job done, no matter how, and as such it appears to happen faster), while the Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems approach focuses on the downfall of dictatorship but at the same time accommodates particular values and strategies in view of long-term viability and stability for Eritrea’s people during the aftermath. And this brings us to the second benefit of Eritrean solutions to Eritrean problems:

BENEFIT 2: Ownership and Inclusiveness

So what exactly is the meaning of Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems? I would sum up it this way: it is an emphasis of ‘owning up to your responsibility to solve Eritrea’s dire situation in a sustainable manner, through true collective ownership that is.’  It means to be the confident designers, leaders, and implementers of our national affairs. Not as this group or that group, but as a people.

A couple of years ago, World Bank President Jim Yong Kim has urged staff to improve the “science of delivery” in development to improve results, which – according to the World Bank – requires crafting – quote –  ‘local solutions to local problems as the basis for building effective public institutions’. Or in other words, finding ways in which local communities step up to their responsibility, using widely accepted local methods, that were more inclusive, and as a result, were sustainable and more effective.

Further, the African Union has adopted the mantra ‘African Solutions to African Problems’ in fact, many say the very formation of the African Union (AU) was precisely aimed at finding African solutions to African problems.

Their main objectives among other:

  1. To achieve greater unity and solidarity between the African countries and Africans.
  2. To defend the sovereigntyterritorial integrityand independence of its Member States.
  1. To promote peace, security, and stability on the continent.
  2. To promote democratic principles and institutions, popular participation and good governance.

I think we can relate to those goals. This is not about paranoia towards the rest of the world community nor does it suggest division because some Africans are better than others in living up to that goal. Instead, once more, it is a newly found conviction that there may be a better way helping Africa towards development and conflict resolution (which played a central role in the establishment of the AU) by deploying solutions that were largely owned and lead independently by Africans. African Solutions to African Problems was about a newly found responsibility, ownership, and call for inclusiveness of all Africans. But above all, it was about the start of a shift in mindset and political discourse.

And what more?

It was about unity !

A mantra that would unite Africans.

The World Bank, the African Union, and in fact many states in the world have used the mantra to empower their unity during times of great challenge while stepping up with renewed intent and increased responsibility to tackle complex problems of magnitude from within.

Further, and very importantly: Such a mantra is also always about a solution-driven approach, and as such, the mantra is closely attached to non-violent and sustainable solutions and can never be seen in consensus with a call for violence or war. Having said that it does not mean violence is unavoidable.

Now with that in mind, let’s come back to Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems.

It is to be viewed as a political direction in exactly that very context. As Eritreans we have not owned up to our responsibility during this time of national challenge and we have not looked for solutions within us. We have not used our internal resources and not rallied our capabilities. We have been victims, blamed each other and created division, we have hoped for faster regime change with Ethiopian backing and financial support, we have stayed silent and blamed the weak opposition for our own inactiveness, or we have decided to stick with a brutal regime for opportunistic reasons, fear, or just in case something worse may happen after the dictatorship.

These are not Eritrean solutions to Eritrean problems! These are at large no solutions at all. Or they are disillusioned solutions that keep us in certain dependencies from PFDJ, the Ethiopian government, or our own fears – and as the people of Eritrea we are not at the steering wheel! This brings us to benefit number 3.

BENEFII 3: It holds a hidden Power of Unity

But there is good news. We are also making progress towards the change we all are so desperate to see. Our nation had many, many moments of brave resistance even in the eye of imprisonment and death, and we had days of great dialogue and enormous hope and triumph.

Let me focus on the last few….

Wedi Ali and his group invading the Ministry of Information to peacefully demand the release of prisoners and the implementation of Eritrea’s constitution – he has achieved something incredible: when many in the Diaspora claimed no-one was left inside to take action, he was ready to sacrifice all for a chance to turn our nation’s fate around, and he has become a hero in the eyes of most Eritreans.

Further, the Catholic Bishops in Eritrea asking in an open letter “Where is our brother?”

Our youth ignoring the call for national training a total of four times between October 2014 and January 2015 – we all called them heroes.

The Demo in Geneva uniting thousands in person for the first time and hundred thousands more in spirit across the world, including in Eritrea.

These are Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems, because they were born and developed from within the Eritrean society, lead by Eritreans, and they were non-violent in nature.  And while they still fall short of  an overall organisational strategy and impact, they are born out of our peoples’ local resourcefulness, courage, and capabilities – proud moments we all fully own. And you know what – (except for a few lost PFDJ hardliners) – these solutions did not divide us, but by and large unite us as a people across backgrounds and political affiliations! And exactly that unity is the hidden power of Eritrean-owned, people-driven Eritrean solutions to our problems. Which brings us to benefit four of Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems:

BENEFIT 4. The PEOPLE own the outcome (Change will come from inside Eritrea. Period. Let’s rally for it!)

The chronic failure of the opposition to actively support and empower pro-democratic change agents within Eritrea is in my view the biggest collective failure of all. The single most important missed opportunity to accelerate change in the most meaningful way. Instead of figuring out means how to support those people, youth, serawit, former tegadelti, and religious community leaders inside Eritrea who are ready to act and in proximity to do so, the opposition spent years arguing about who attended Awassa and who stayed away, who owns the latest demo, and what those guys with this ever-so-obvious and divisive ‘Eritrean Solution to Eritrean Problems’ slogan are really up to. It is a tragedy. Where are our priorities and our principles as so called political leaders and participants?!

But it is more complex than that.

Change coming from inside Eritrea is not a question of opinion, as many believe. It is already a fact. And here is why:

Change is not a one-day or one-month incident. Unless you want to get a haircut or paint your house. But when talking about the dismantling of a dictatorial system and replacing it with democratic governance, change is a process.

And that process has long taken place. Inside Eritrea. It is happening right now while you read this. It is precisely the process that lead to  the demonstrations by tegadelti in the 90ies, to an open letter by the G15, for Wedi Ali to occupy Forto, the Catholic priests to speak out, the many inhabitants of Adi Keyeih defending the destruction of their houses by throwing stones against the bulldozers, the youth showing brave non-cooperation when they were called to attend military service. All of them were risking their safety and even lives, and there are many, many more of these stories untold in their hundreds if not thousands from Danakil to Gash Barka and across the Highlands away from the spotlight or still in planning stage, but nevertheless, they are happening, small and large, and they are increasing. Yes indeed, our people are actively and bravely fighting the evil system!

That is what change from inside Eritrea looks like. It is an accumulated outcome of effects that precedes whatever is coming next. It is like a wave that has long formed as a motion under the surface of the ocean before it arrives visibly on the shores.

The tragedy here is: It has never been pro-actively supported in an organised and focused manner from the thousands of us in exile in an attempt to strengthen, accelerate, and amplify the process. Instead, we remain spectators  and observers, analysts, and too many of us even turn into loud pessimists and cynics who claim: “Non-violent resistance will never work in Eritrea, those who tried it were locked up.” , ” There is no-one left to bring change because everyone has fled, the country is empty!” or  “Look at them, they want others inside Eritrea do the job for them, while they sit comfortably in California shouting slogans”.

Be please aware that many of those inside Eritrea, who are risking their lives to resist, are equally your audience.

To say change cannot happen from inside Eritrea (or the lame excuse of: sure, this would be nice , we would all love that, but….) is in my view political obstruction and self-sabotage, and sadly it is happening – consciously and unconsciously – at a great level in the Diaspora and that needs to stop.

I would like to make one aspect very clear: If you do or do not believe in supporting armed Eritrean groups in Ethiopia who may be helpful at one point in time is not even the issue – they too are our brothers who are ready to sacrifice, continue to support them if you have your heart in it. However, the real tragedy is the blatant indifference and lack of belief in our many pro-democratic change agents inside Eritrea and the disservice so many pay by ignoring and even publicly denying their potential….and more: actively and continuously hindering the humble attempts of those Eritreans who finally  want to change that and who call for a direct support of change seekers inside the country.

Well, if in fact, the sincere belief or even wish was there, there would have been ample opportunity to turn the Eritrean Solution to Eritrean Problem alternative at least into a complimentary option to what-ever else you are supporting. It would have been a non-issue and there would certainly be no need to spend so much valuable energy over years to minimise the camp to ‘HIGDEF in sheepskin, ‘banana throwers’ or ‘time wasters’. Does ‘by all means’ not also include the means of supporting non-violent change agents within Eritrea and enable them to lead? Is it exclusive of that?

Surely, it would be understandable when some Eritreans feel an unease about military invasion by Ethiopia when it comes to regime change, don’t you think? The whole world does not take such a step likely anywhere, and it always creates huge controversy. This is not an Eritrean phenomenon. So, to simply colour that concern into a PFDJ tendency across the board does not cut it by any standards. Because there is a big difference between fostering necessary diplomatic relations and brotherhood with our neighbours, or planning military support or invasion by another state.

On the contrary: Where is this widespread unease coming from when some Eritreans call upon all Eritreans to empower our very own people inside the country? How is this divisive? How did it end up to deserve years of mass ridicule and boycott?

Or as one leader of that camp recently said on Paltalk:” I sincerely fail to understand, how ‘Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems’ can cause so much discomfort and aggression among some Eritreans, unless indeed they believe in a different agenda all together.’

May some have the hope that outside forces, in particular Ethiopia, can speed the process up and bring an end to PFDJ rule, be it through financial recourses or military intervention?

Sure. Why not. There is indeed a chance that may happen. Your standpoint is respected. After all, holding this opinion and working towards its realisation is your choice, as it is equally the choice and right of others to express concern.

But here is the most important problem with this one-track option to work towards Ethiopian backing (alongside significant others, which I won’t discuss here). And that is:

No influence on outcome. None.

Change through foreign intervention, in particular military, may or may not happen. Resources may flow, or they may stop. It is not really up to us as Eritreans. Foreign intervention is based on foreign interests (usually owned by much larger powers) and as such we do not have any control over the outcome, in particular not as defragmented opposition groups with no state.

As Professor Gene Sharp who studied over 300 revolutions wrote: “Some foreign states will act against a dictatorship only to gain their own economic, political, or military control over the country.”

So the move is 1) not in the Eritrean interest to begin with and 2) simply may happen or not happen in accord with national developments in that neighbouring state.

We may beg for it, and it never occurs. Or we may despise it and it happens anyway.

The outcome is simply not up to us. That’s why this strategy as a primary solution is unsound. And this is why this is not an Eritrean solution to our problems. No matter how many flags or Eritrean conferences you attach to it.  And as such, even if we promote it as a potential strategy or decide as Eritreans that it is us who wanted to liaise with Ethiopia, that indeed we lead the initiative, fact is, we have no true ownership in it, because we have no direct influence on its outcome. In other words, we do not own the process or the product. The same way American intervention in Iraq could never be called an Iraqi solution to an Iraqi problem. It simply is not.

So, next time some people feel confronted by Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems and loudly shout we should not state the obvious, who on earth would want non-Eritrean solutions, well, it may help to be reminded of the last paragraph.

On the contrary however, focusing on change to be driven from within Eritrea we can positively influence the process. Significantly. Long-term. Because we are the very part of it. And even if not fully predictable, the process is in our very hands. The steering wheels are in our hands as Eritreans. Because no-one else owns our problems or really cares about them. Only Eritreans do. As a nation. And it is our responsibility collectively to step up towards that.

And yes, in case you ask, Eritreans can play a very significant role in that process even from thousands of kilometres away; being in Addis does not necessarily make better positioning just because you are close. Why would you even question that after Eritreans in exile in the US and Europe where in many ways the economic and public lifeline of Eritrea’s independence struggle – and that during a time when there were only small groups in the Diaspora compared to the large numbers we have today. Having said that, Eritreans in Ethiopia are part of our nation’s parcel, and they too can wholeheartedly believe in Eritrean Solution to Eritrean Problems and support our change agents inside.

Think about it! How empowering it would be for those inside Eritrea to know that the opposition and those in exile wholeheartedly and visibly believe in them. That we are united in this belief. What a milestone it would be if the Eritrean opposition at large and many of those in exile turn from passive spectators, observers, critics, and analysts – to pro-active and powerful stakeholders, partners, funders, loyalists, motivators, communicators, lobbyists and promoters standing 100% behind our people who have stood up showing non-cooperation towards the regime in so many forms. Yes, they are even fighting in spirit in their tiny prison cells.

Know this: A dictatorship only exists because people cooperate – out of fear mostly. If cooperation ceases, and non-cooperation starts spreading the dictator loses his grips. You don’t need an arsenal of weapons or other superpowers for that. And it is happening everywhere already, among the youth, serawit, tegadelti, religious leaders, former party members, and even higher ranks. We need to have faith and patience and fully support that process.

That is what Eritrean solutions should be to our problems. Empowerment from within. In an organised manner. It’s the only strategy towards a quick downfall of dictatorship and a healthy national society long-term. It’s the only outcome we can directly influence and that can truly unite us. It’s the only way forward with the highest potential for democratic governance by the people for the people. And every Eritrean should proudly own that journey. It would catapult our united impact and success many-fold if we pull it off together. Yes, we will!

In conclusion

Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems is not a slogan. It is a mantra, a conviction, a call for increased responsibility, confidence, unity, inclusiveness, and national and local ownership among all Eritreans. It re-enforces a can-do-attitude among our people and decreases the notion of violence, victimhood, dependency, or foreign interference by others (which will always remain a major point of friction in our society if we like it or not).

Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems is an inward looking political direction. Both in regards to the downfall of the dictator and the peaceful transitions towards a democratic governance. It is highly participatory and owned by all Eritreans and lead by Eritreans. That’s the solution. That’s the crucial role we have to play. And it’s precisely that what PFDJ would fear most.

It should be our shared hope that many, many more will acknowledge that very soon, commit to it, promote it, find effective methods to do the work, contribute, continue the dialogue across the board, and actively help it to bear fruits. Fruits the entire nation can soon enjoy.

I thank you for reading. Allow me to dedicate this article to all those inside Eritrea who have faced repercussions, imprisonment, and death for speaking bravely up against oppression. They are all heroes! I pray that as a nation we will very soon all come together in peace and turn Eritrea into the amazing and prosperous nation it was meant to be.  See you there!

By Miriam September, EYSC (

About Miriam September

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  • tes


    Again you are enforcing ESEP. You wrote, “trying to dissect the idea of ESEP in terms of its inclusiveness merits may be good for rhetoric and semantic benefits” Yes Ayneta, words matter. And a carefully selected semantics has a power to be like that of Queen Bee.

    If any idea has the power to be rhetoric, then what more is required beyond that. Aren’t you aware that a speech given by Luther King “I have a dream” is such a powerful semantic word which has mobilized the entire world to unite for one?

    No matter how you try to shade away from it, still you didn’t fail to tell the truth about ESEP.

    So far you have listed these 4 statements that I have not even imagined to that much detailed to express ESEP as such beautifully.

    1. ESEP is just a beautiful idea- nothing more nothing less

    2. It soothes the soul

    3. fills the heart with pride.

    4. ESEP …. [as]…rhetoric allure

    In fact these are the missing genesis in our approach to the masses; If ESEP has these values then it must be the perfect base to start with. I failed to go that much detailed perspective. I thank you dear Ayneta. Just one cent from me: Make ESEP to follow a sound and effective strategy. As I can see you are just not sure, just not sure on what will come next. My dear, you have such beautiful truth inside you.

    A lung utters what is inside the heart!


  • karim

    Your fasciatic nationalism is so 90’s. Loving the people is one thing but waving your flag whiile acting like a supermacist hooligan from 10000 miles away is wack. Read Yosief Gebrehiwot “Eritreanism” is pipe dream concocted by Asmarino peasants of the 60’s

  • tes

    Dear Ayneta,

    I agree with most of your views. Yes ESEP has no practical merit only and only if it is not considered as a divisive factor. ESEP is not a divisive but a uniting simply because as you have put it, “ESEP is just a beautiful idea- nothing more nothing less. It soothes the soul, fills the heart with pride.”

    Yes Ayneta, values are just beautiful

    Values just soothe the soul

    Values fill the heart with pride.

    What more is higher gifts that this. If something is beautiful and feeds the soul to make it calm and cool and if the heart is full of pride, what more then is meant than having a dignity.

    Yes Ayneta, ESEP is our identity, our values and our history that can not be replaced by any more reasoning.

    On your last point that reads, “… apart from its rhetoric allure, it is doesn’t have any practical merit.” I agree with you. principle without clear objectives, mission, vision, strategies, programs and projects becomes just a wishy wishy concept. We can work those mentioned points to happen only if the principle is accepted if not it becomes just a failure.

    This failure is what we are witnessing so far. And I was saying “corrupting the notion ESEP, I have those points in mind.


  • V.F.

    Dear Ayneta, you write absolutely quality material, just as your name implies. Thank you, pleasure to read your posts.

    I have espoused very similar things as yours. I go a lot farther than you but the reasons why I hold those beliefs are exactly for your points 1, 2, and 3.

    1. We are very divided along all kinds of lines.
    2. There is no ownership in Eritrea. Like one man told me recently, angihu zitense’a rules the day. The post independence generation look beyond Eritrea from a very young age, thanks to globalization.
    3. Ethiopia is the elephant in the room. Who is to stop them from doing anything they want at this moment? Okay, the likes of Tes believe we repulsed them during the 1998-2000 war but can we sustain another offensive if that were to happen?

    So then what is the solution? My idea is to start re-integrating at any level. Some Ethiopians here are very suspicious of me because they think I am aiming for the PM position haha, yeah why not? It is very untimely to talk about this taboo subject but that is the ultimate solution – let Eritreans join the party by forming a formidable party and ascending to Entoto. Oh man, now I just ruined Abi’s and Eyob’s weekend.

    Otherwise, here is the sequence of likely events – IA dies or someone kills him, one of the generals assumes power, a rival general doesn’t like this and he gets his group aligned to depose the general in power, other generals try to join the party, and so on. There you go chaotic situation. Ethiopia then loses patience and tries to go hands on and then no one can turn the fires off. But this doesn’t have to happen if we start planning for a long term now because PFDJ will crumble sooner or later. What do we do after that is the main questions. We stay ready. The way to do that is build a strong relation with our neighbors right now and allow them to help us navigate through the inevitable chaos when Pharaoh drops dead.

    • Abi

      Hi Ermi
      Nobody spoils my weekend. So many good games over the weekend all over Europe. Besides, I’m reading my bible right now.
      I’m reading Lamentations 1:1-3
      In Amharic
      Seqoqa wo Ermias 1:1-3
      In Tigrigna
      Digua Ermias 1:1-3
      Take it easy.

      • V.F.

        Abi, I hope your Ermi shows up one day, seems like he sounded much like Volte Face. What’s your message to me in reading the book of Lamentations?

        • Semere Andom

          Hi Mizaan:
          Abi is telling you that Ermias in Lamentation told the truth, but no one believed him, the people believed a false prophet who told them what they wanted to hear and Ermias paid for it. So Abi gave you a compliment by accident:-)

          • Abi

            Hi Sem
            Accident ?
            Abi is careful enough not to score on himself ( own goal).
            Abi suggest you keep reading the book of Isaiah until Kingdom comes and make sure to sing with dawit every Sunday. Consider this as a letter from Paul to the Romans or Corinthians or one of the Congrigations.
            Abi is writing this letter from Entoto Terara where you can see a beautiful Flower blooming. Consider Entoto as a “Watching Tower “. No trespassing!!

      • tes

        Dear Abi,

        Greetings. I think you are coming to reality (?). May God Bless you. It is good to go back to the Sacred Book. You will learn a lot.

        Funny Abi


        • Abi

          Kemey , kemey
          Tes Hawey
          I am not trying to be funny, Tes. There is nothing funny in the book of Digua Ermias or Lamentations as the title indicates. It is all Seqoqa.
          Tes , as you realized, I am turning to the good book to find solutions to our problems.
          It becomes ever clearer to me that only God gives us the Hope of Light ! Only God give us a second chance to live. He will resurrect us all from the dead. It is exiting to know there will be no funeral homes or grave diggers. He has shown us his power he can rise some from the dead.
          Tes, read the Book of Isaiah . It is heart warming. We have A Hope of Light in front of us. As I said before, read Tinbite Isayas until Kingdom comes.
          God bless you.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Hello Abisha,
            beka Hayat Tefach, antem gedam gebah!
            All things happen for a reason. there is no kisara here.

          • Abi

            The whole place feels like Gedam without Hayat.
            On the bright side Diyaqon Tes is back to enlighten us.
            Today he said ” Habeshanism-fascist tendency ” and ” Ignorance is beauty.”
            Both are contenders of quotations of the year.
            Stay tuned for more.

          • tes

            Dear Abi,

            Forget now on the Habesha bla bla. here I will enlighten you by introducing you with one my favorite gurus.


            Stay Blissful!

            In fact I prefer to stay Stay Blissful than be Blessed. Simply because blissfulness is internal but Blessing is external. I love internal things.

            Meditiation of the day


          • Abi

            Hi Tes
            I’m blissful that you are tirelessly enlightening me. It is not easy to teach Habesha. You should be blissful you are not a Habesha with a fascist tendencies.
            Thank you for your time.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Fanti Ghana

            ኣረ ጉድ በሉ !ኣንዳንደቹ የኣረብ ባርያ ይሉኛል ኣንዳንደቹ ” Habeshanism-fascist tendency ” ኣለህ ይሉኛል : ትክክለኛነት ምነኛ ይከብዳል::

          • tes

            Greetings Fanti, special greetings,

            Oh you are talking about Hayat; Where is she by the way? Don’t worry though she will pop-up with her great analytic mind and try to turn the ESEP concept. Her bee-hive is already attacked.

            Abi, it is good that he went to gedam. he can pray instead of working in the morgue.

            Stay Blissful


          • Abi

            Hi Tes
            Who atacked her beehive? I thought it was off limits.

            Ignorance is beauty. ( Tebibu Tes)

  • V.F.

    Dear Tesfalem, I will only comment on your second paragraph. The rest – you are blowing hot air.

    See even the all too powerful and nationalistic, self-reliant, West-hater PFDJ doesn’t believe in solving Eritrean problems by themselves or using the slogan or principle of ESEP (as you acronym it). If they knew they can deal with Ethiopia on their own, then they would not have needed to support or create the groups you mentioned. As HTG clearly put it for you, Eritrea’s problems are, of course caused by PFDJ, but they span beyond the borders of Eritrea. Any country that harbors Eritrean refugees is sharing the burden hence such countries will be a part of the solution by, for instance, helping repatriate the refugees. Simply getting rid of PFDJ is not the going to be the final outcome. Concurrently, we need to devise a relationship with neighboring countries and the West. In fact, I had proposed that the oppositions create some kind of pseudo-government with representatives for all areas of the country with temporary ministers and the like somehow drafting a course of action immediately after the downfall of the despot. For all we know, IA could perish at any moment. How do we proceed?

    • tes

      Dear V.F.,

      if you are feeling the hot air, that is exactly what it is within ESEP as a principle. Opportunists do want to cool it down so that Eritrea can stay weak and divided.

      The notion ESEP is always hot and will remain hot. Hotness is an active and dyanamic energy. Any flame that is produced from this hotness has a tremendeous ^power to bring a solution. If you are therefore to be a change agent, endorse ESEP and let you join the folks.

      The rest, it is just an utter failure of description that has little value to be weighed.


  • tes

    Dear Miriam,

    Thank you for showing up. Let me correct you in some lines. You wrote,

    1. It is not correct that we want to ‘reform’ HIGDEF

    Unless you change your views (as EYSC view), I think that was your main line of thinking. We may reach Daniel G. Article which was posted here at that can be read from

    2. that we are corrupt (we even published the Bologna Forum accounts a few days ago in a humble
    quest for improved trust, accountability & transparency)

    Here you misunderstood the word corrupt. I think I am the one who put that remark and I was not talking on money corruption. It is corrupting the basic principle by itself. It is well known that ESEP is a lot to Eritreans and you came with that slogan with not 100% clear political path.


    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear tes,

      Okay now it is clear. this historical value is our common ground. we all agree now it is our stand. If any group or party as mentioned will have in an office in any part of the world, we should not go specious of his stand for ESEP unless there is a proof that shows so. Agreed?

      • tes

        Dear Kokhob Selam,

        Having an office in any parts of the world is a strategic choice and does not contradict with the principles of ESEP. For example, one may choose to have an office in Ethiiopia based on an acceptable reasons according to his/her means of struggle.

        Saying that, I think we may need much further discussion whether we will agree or not. One of our major difference (between you and me) is that I see Ethiopia as a strategic position not as a strategic partner to solve Eritrean problems.

        If Ethiopia accepts the concept of strategic location, then what we should aware about is the side effect. Just let me telll you this: I consider any external rebel force who is living inside Eritrea as a terrorist. Equally can be true for those who live in Ethiopia as rebel groups. Yet it is Ethiopia’s political decision to accept my strategy.

        Dear Kokhob Selam, I don’t believe a conceived strategic partnership. I believe on a gradual and transparent partnership which can be build during normal days simply because during normal days one has full freedom to decide upon.


        • Kokhob Selam

          Dear tes,
          yes indeed it is critical decision. when first opposition (those whom I trust) went to Ethiopia there was tough dissociation. we have even some debate on this site. I will try to find it.
          But here is the thing, the worrier creates strategic partnership not only normal days but also in difficult days. the real fighter knows how to handle his case and he knows how to deal with others. the challenger never add enemies over his problems. in fact Eritrean opposition can build very true relation with others and Ethiopia now at this time by taking steps against common enemy. but it depends on how they trust first their own parties. if they are very much prepared within and have solid stand Eritrean opposition should not afraid to work with Ethiopians. others will treat you they you want to be treated or they will not work with you at all. so far Eritrean opposition didn’t properly use the chance of working with Ethiopians, and PFDJ is working hard to let opposition differ on the that very useful chance.

          Now, how do you want to make gradual and transparent partnership if you are not starting it? I have never heard from Ethiopian government saying the problem of Eritreans is our problem and we should take action. time again we heard from them that our internal problem should be solved by our own people. and yes, they help our refuges a lot and are supporting within their principle only.

          all we have to do is, all opposition should have a meeting once again and see the subject, I think.

          • tes

            Dear Kokhob Selam,

            You asked me on how I can make a gradual and transparent partnership if I am not starting it. Good question but I think you are ignoring one major point. If any country accepts to be a strategic location (which sometimes can be at the cost of its own national security) what is more to be started with?

            Dear KS, do not go far (sometimes denying your own history) to prove that it is only today that we can do strategic partnerships. Any partnership constructed during abnormal days ends with abnormality. We have good examples of EPLF -TPLF, PFDJ -TPDM from our own archive.


          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear tes,
            that is it. you can’t make tactical relation and work against them. you must be honest and the agreements should be very clear.

            some people were complaining why Ethiopians aren’t supporting our opposition the way PFDJ do it with Ethiopian opposition. we have seen the result. every false relation ends bad and very bad. EPLF and TPLF ended, the same almost end the case of EPLF and Molla. in fact even the front named EPLF failed badly and they all gone even we couldn’t find the criminals among them to bring them for justice.

            It seems to me EPRDF is aware of wrong relations and it going carefully. who said politics is all tactic and game? but that doesn’t mean you have to believe blindly as you may face cruel group like PFDJ. when working with an other party you have to make clear black and white agreements and reservations.

          • tes

            Dear Kokhob Selam,

            Do not be just funny my friend. Eritrean opposition groups who worked with Ethiopia failed simply because of two reasons.

            1. Ethiopia knows who is organized and on what base: Read SGS’s article posted again from archieve. 40 organizations with only of total 40+ members are ineffective. Just Ethiopia gave them an access to exhaust their energy not to boost their energy.

            2. Those who tried a strategic friendship with Ethiopia were having a very complex partnership approach. Some were even against the basic essence of nationhood and promote fragmentation.

            Dear Kokhob Selam, some opposition groups (better called individuals) are just there to foster an assumed oneness (like you for example whose sole purpose is to promote Habeshanism – a fascist tendency – Teddy Afro must be proud of you KS). How can then Ethiopia simply watches such people?

            Forget now about EPLF, PFDJ, EPRDF, just be clear on your tactics and be sane. If you are working for one thing, just go with it. Don’t fake your approach.


          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear tes,
            I already reply to you but it seems it is in waiting list. I will wait. for now the once who didn’t continue with Ethiopia and those who didn’t start it have their own story. but I know EPRDF was very careful too as they know very well how PFDJ works and some opposition parties are in question mark if they are really honest to work with Ethiopians or will work secretly for advantage of PFDJ. so you guys don’t think you are smarter than the rest of the world. Ethiopians don’t talk too much about it but they knew and they are always careful in dealing with us. see, how you show you hate to them? how are you going to create love with this people?

          • tes

            Dear Kokhob Selam,

            Yes I know you don’t label me. You are such a cool man, I said it before and I will it now. But I have a qualms with you when I read from your lines that deny our own history, your history and my history.

            Just let me put this again:

            1. “እዋእ ወላ ‘ቲ ብቀደሙ ‘ውን እኮ ኣሜሪካ ዶ ብርጣንያ ዶ “ኣብ ትሕቲ ኢትዩጵያ ኣእትየናና “‘ዝብል ብሂላት ሓሶት ጥራይ ዘይኮነስ ናይ ሓሶታት ‘ውን ቁንጮ ሓሶት እዩ ::”

            2. the man whose name is Abdulkadir Kebire was going for final meeting but he was killed. the death of this man has changed a lot. of course the killer is Eritrean (he may have been sent by Ethiopians)

            Aha, you are denying your own history my friend. And yet I know what you struggle for. Read again what MS said to you.

            I may be labeling you but you are denying what happened to me and more than that you are working hard to promote your own agenda.

            How can I close a debate with you my friend. How can?

            Whether you like it or not, as far as you continue to deny history and promote one sided culture I will be following you and respond with what ever possible means I can. I said before, let me be banned from this web rather than ignoring people who write like yours.

            Dear Kokhob Selam, stay clean like your peoms. I love your poems so much to tell you the truth.

            You friend but an aggressive criticiser (call it labeling – I care less).


          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear tes,

            you can’t love my poems and hate my stand. it simply is not correct. ether you have miss understood my poem or my stand. because my poems are coming from my deep stand. so if you love me as friend you must investigate where you have miss understood me.

            regarding MS don’t mention him in here. the difference between me and him is based in principle and I will not say it here. he knows and I know very well. you are not fully aware of it – it will take some time to settle between those principles. it is much far than you thought. Please for god sake don’t put it here.

            now, let me clear for you regarding the history – you are educated young guy you know very well every incident is the result of the owner first,. do you? know if you have any communicable sickness do you blame your body or the virus ? don’t you think you should take care of body by covering your nose for example? so the virus will not get way to enter your body? and then if so happen and the virus enters to the body don’t you think if your body is build nicely, the cells can fight the external virus? if not will you keep blaming the virus for the rest of your life ? ምልጋስ ህግደፍ ጥራይ ኣይኮነን ዘድሊ ዘሎ – ኩሉ ቲ ባህርያታ እምበር : ምስትምሳስል ሓደ ካብ ሜላታት ከዳዕ እዩ ” ዓይኒ ነባዕ ከዳዕ ” ድዩ ዝበሃል ወላ “ዓይኒ ከዳዕ ነባዕ ” ወላ “ነባዕ ዓይኒ ከዳዕ” even now PFDJ is using it “ዓለም እንድያ ተዛርያትልና ” ሸርሕታት ሕ- ሰብ ዓለም በዚሑ ”

            didn’t you read from my posts to those who were with PFDJ, saying – you were there and you have done this and that..right on their face. – ሓንቲ ኣይንጨ ዑን እዮም – እምኒ ይግሃጹ :: they have to know their mistake and correct it, other wise they will continue cheating the people.

            we must challenge and won our own mind first. we must say the truth. that is the only way out of this mess. we as people has done historical mistakes before we blame others.

          • tes

            Dear Kokhob Selam,

            A perfect love is unconditional. You know that. When I love your poems, I just love them. I don’t see Kokhob Selam who denies his basic essence. My love is unconditional and will stay as such.

            Because of the satanic acts of PFDJ, I don’t deny Eritrean history. History is merciless. It records everything, good and bad. What you talk about PFDJ is part of the bad history of Eritrea. You are much more knowledgeable on how EPLF denied ELF’s history and now PFDJ is denying ELF’s and EPLF’s history. Those who deny history, they deny themselves. let not hate blackmail our rational thinking. lets see beyind the darkness. Lets not like YG.

            Dear Kokhob, don’t bring a pre-condition. I hate them. You and MS have only historical qualms not principles. MS, despite his occasional popping-up chauvinistic mantra, he is the most rational person awate;com is having. He follows very reconciliatory approach and he has already embraced ELF as his own. MS’s principle is very clear – he acknowledges and he moves on.

            As for you, I am afraid to say though you are just a peaceful person. You are good at engaging but you never failed to bring your toxic feelings. You better heal yourself through your own poems. To repeat, I love your poems again.

            You see when sometimes I read your toxic comments I hear you when you say, “ሎሚ ገረለን እንዲየ” or “ሓዊ ሮኪዐለን እንዲየ” ዝዓይነቱ ዳንኬራ. Stop doing that please. At least know that ordinary people like me are reading your lines carefully. Just consider us as responsible stakeholders like you.

            Regarding PFDJ, I wish we had more words to express their satanic actions. I don’t have any problems with going after by all means.

            Therefore, remember true love is unconditional no matter how ugly the beloved one is (in your case, your agenda of promoting______ you fill it and having a tricky perspective on Eri-Ethio relationship.


          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear tes,
            the unconditional love is my stand but that is when we talk with higher position. when upgrading ourselves to that level we have journey to go through. don’t think I am against any soul even IA. no. in fact I am dealing with you on those debates for the sake of peace. the thing is the unconditional love is based in honesty, challenging self first, correcting mistakes first, in general if you don’t make the highest war with self and clean it you will not reach that unconditional love, never, you see blaming US in our own mistake is blaming others, unless you accept the truth you will always live in war with others. How can you reach to that level if you don’t know the process. the first step is to correct yourself my lovely tes.

          • tes

            Dear KS,

            The problem is, you are underestimating. can’t you consider the one who is engaging with you at an equal level. Don’t be that high. The best wisdom is when you lower yourself so low and uplift others. Therefore just deal on equal basis.

            I challenged you as such because you brought a pre-condition to love your poems. If unconditional love is within you, your heart could have just iterated the truth without pre-condition. Just remain sane. Consider others as equally knowledgeable as you no matter what type of knowledge they have. Even ignorance is beauty. Knowledge is power and ignorance is beauty. The world has been in miser not by those who consider themselves ignorant but by those who consider themselves knowledgeable. Remember this!!!


          • Kokhob Selam

            dear tes,

            wake up man! if personal attack was a solution to demoralize people like me it could have been good to those who are useless around. I am on based on cyber world and I am confident to much of myself and I will continue to be no matter who said what. some who couldn’t come with proof to challenge the truth go attacking the person, that is no more valid. I didn’t underestimate any single person here but the problem with this stupid Kokhob is he never allows someone to play with truth. I know my mistake it has been the same in front of priests, Shekhs and political leaders.but I am for love and I love everybody.

            let me tell you the hear touching story,

            you don’t know how much I cry when the late Doctor Taha day when we were in plane going from Jeddah to Riyadh before he went to Asmara we were discussing regarding the situation in Eritrea. the innocent Doctor thought things are over and working with PFDJ is a must. during our argument my stand was EPLF leadership will never be a solution and they have to be removed. the doctor said words I didn’t expect to hear from him. among what he said was that I am underestimating people. He was planing to go to Asmara and joing that dirty leadership. my last word was – you will never change this leadership by joining them unless you want to be killed or become as opportunist as some intellectuals.

            Ah, you remind me painful moment. I talk roughly a man with higher knowledge and elder just because I have to say it. but what can I do, I don’t mean it it was out of my concern and love.

            tes, I don’t underestimate you or MS in fact I see you as my teachers and I care, love and all my concern is for everyone of you. it is only my way of saying things. trust me I am not that who thinks he is over others. I spend my all time in serving people. that is why I plan to introduce my self to you guys so you will know me better.

          • tes

            Dear Kokhob Selam,

            I sensed your loud cry. I felt it. Unfortunately he is tes, who didn’t fail so far to remind you your past. To tell you, I am very straight and what I write I mean it no matter how it can be sensed by others. Sometimes I let people memorize their old life and for others I just let them got crazy. But all I do is sincerely and out of love and caring just like what you do.

            Just today, can you disclose yourself and tell us who you are. Just a 3 minutes youtube record is enough. I promise if you do I will visit you and spend a week or more to learn lessons from you. Even we can exchange on FB if you want though I prefer her for public knowledge.

            Just be brave to expose yourself; Do it, yes you can, com’on.


          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear tes,
            I really love to do that. I am really interested. for all awate friends and special case for you is you kindness over one of our fighters you told us the story before. since you were feeling the pain of that guy, you will have a great moment with me. but it is unfortunate to do it at this moment. I promise you already and you know what promise has to be done. I was trying my best so far but there is one job more to be done till I do that. I hope you will understand me.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear tes,
            why do you think I am trying my best this time with you. it is because there is a light from your post that shows you don’t have problem in working with Ethiopians – there is a change from your previous posts where yo were becoming up set when you see the word Ethiopia in itself.

            you see we (most of us) the problem we have is we don’t accept our mistakes. this is one of the cultures which was not ours but inherited from some politicians.

            Ethiopians, those on power are not going to say everything to us, they don’t have to say it. they will only work in secured way. they are very careful specially those on power as they have been working with PFDJ. remember once up on a time PFDJ was killing even Eritreans inside Ethiopia. don’t think those TPLF leaders who are inside EPRDF forget what they have done together with EP LF and PFDJ. They know the style of that group.

            now ask every high position leader and he will tell you what exactly is doing PFDJ to paralyze opposition. PFDJ is in trouble because they couldn’t put their cell as an opposition member inside Ethiopia. Ethiopia has make it difficult for spy and PFDJ cells be there to serve secretly.

            Ethiopians are more concerned about their well being and making their land PFDJ free. when the opposition appear in Adiss they have cross checked who is who by their more intelligent way.

          • tes

            Dear Kokhob Selam,

            Haha, you are now becoming funny. Did you write, “…up set when you see the word Ethiopia in itself.”. Haha, please my comments for the last two years and confirm my perspective on Ethiopia. It is rather you who feels a nightmare when ESEP is displayed. For you ESEP is the most frightening concept. You hate it, am I right?

            regarding what you said on the intelligence acts of PFDJ, I agree with you but this can not be a block against transparency. We are not talking on individuals, we are talking on governments and its policies. PFDJ intelligentia may kill 100s of Ethiopias yet Ethiopia will survive. Therefore dpn’t bring “ናይ ደቂ ገዛውቲ ግጥሚ. Don’t go that low level of FEAR.

            I will be waiting another reasoning. What is really blocking Ethiopia from being transparent for its policy towards Eritrean opposition who reside there.

            And take note this: I am equally engaging with you simply because I need clarifications no more no less.


          • Kokhob Selam

            dear tes,

            are you coming down because I mention that the word Ethiopia makes you crazy and are you trying to put me aside from ESEP principle? do you think that will work? really we in trouble. you see, the style you inherited from our dirty politicians. “if you don’t paint you colored and cheat me I will go against you” መርዓ መርዓ ናይ ቆልዑ ምጽዋት –

            what do you expect from Ethiopians to open for you? do you want them to open for you all their secrete systems? dreaming? you have to go there open office depending the clear agreement making meeting with them and work. what else do you want from them. shall they let you be a member of their leadership? what exactly do want. they gave services to make your meeting, they gave all the support in best saved place, they gave education to your refuges, they open to the best they can. I don’t know what else you expect from Ethiopians? shall they go fight for you and hand over to you Asamara? or what?

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear tes,
            didn’t I say to you fear is around you not me but in different way? when you fallow wisdom fear will not have place. at the end of the day we are here to challenge our egos and I don’t think the man who fight his ego and fight against his own child part is in fear.

  • Mahmud Saleh

    SELAM awatista
    I think if we separate two things will get more clearer.
    1. On principle: Eritrean solutions to Eritrean problems should not irritate us. Even those opposition in Ethiopia, if they work in a manner they seal their ranks and own their agenda, that would mean ESEP. As tes put it eloquently, it should not be about the place, but rather about what happens in that place. Eritrean solutions to Eritrean problems does not call for an isolationist approach. I have no connection whatsoever with the individuals and the group advancing it; and many of us, here in this forum, have been saying the same thing, anyway, including Amanuel H and Haylat. That would mean:
    – Eritreans wherever they may happen to live or operate, be it in Ethiopia, Eritrea, Geneva or Mars, should own their agenda and how it should be handled. That’s all. They should stay away from matters that do not promote their interest. Now, do all individuals and groups who operate under the category of opposition operate in a manner that helps the overall efforts, No. There are individuals and groups who are hurting the fight for change. We can not ignore that. Good hearted Eritreans should not feel offended.
    -Whether it is concerning human rights issues, or political changes, it is obvious we need international help. However, the idea of ESEP is that we have to be in the driving wheel. Our sacrifices should not be exploited by governments and NGOs which may have a completely different objective. The ESEP has been there, including in the activities Petros mentioned; and where it is weak or lagging, it should be brought to attention and be highlighted. Therefore, the mere call of “let’s connect with Eritreans inside; let’s focus on our potential…” is not new. It has just been reemphasized.
    2. From the way HTG and Amanuel are reacting, I could see reflections of inter-opposition squabbles that go under radar. I’m thinking may be the composition or evolution of the ESEP group has caused concerns; may be there is something the average reader is not aware of it, in terms of personal or group-group frictions that have been going on. I want to make myself clearer.
    a/ Speaking for my view, ESEP is applicable everywhere, and it’s not new. Even Eritrean opposition members in Ethiopia should be seen in that way. Places of their bases and operations are not the ones in question, but how independently they represent the interest of Eritrea. It is not about where their offices are, but about if they are independent in pursuing the interest of Eritrea. The notion that PFDJ is our enemy should not diminish the interest of Ethiopia in shaping up the agendas of Eritreans. No one should be hoodwinked about this.
    b/ I would reframe the mantra in a way that it does not imply that Eritreans in Ethiopia are not for Eritrean solution. I see it could imply that generalized bias in a blanket form. I don’t believe the article makes that allegation, but as I read some of the comments, there is enough ground to suspect it could be divisive. Reframing it would help. But that is up to the Bologna Forum.

    • Amanuel Hidrat


      I haven’t seen any group who doesn’t struggle for the interest of our people and our nation from those who reside in Ethiopia. My qualms so far is they are incompetent leaders to unite us and lead the cureent struggle, the same with those who reside in other parts of the world by the way. We have to accept this reality and recruit from our young generations and get some sponsorship to get classes on leadership and management of conflicts. These are the areas we still don’t discover that could contribute to mitigate our ailment. Other than that the general rule for any citizen is, to act like an Eritrean, and when ever you sit for any dialogue with any country the interest of our people should be at the center of our agenda,

      second we are not diplomatic in nature so far, when we deal with our own people or international community. That must be changed, a total attitude change and learn the tools of diplomatic engagement.

      Third, the weakness in our communications always spar to unnecessary back biting and name calling. That has to stop to create a kind of understanding to each other. At time the debate seem smooth even if we have differences in our views, but slowly it goes in to a gutters talk eventually. Those trends must be corrected to learn from each other. After all the Eritrean problem will not be resolved by what we discuss here. Therefore, I call to all awatistas to restrain from bashing to each other. The Team has done excellent in monitoring our emotions and the language we use to communicate. Let us help them to change our attitudes and be good citizen who respect each other. let us not irritate by views of others who differ from us.

      Amanuel Hidrat

      • tes

        Dear Amanuel H.,

        I will again interject do not mind me though. I want still to ask you specific question.

        Do you believe that ESEP is divisive really? lets not now talk on the strategies of those who chose ESEP principle. If we agree that ESEP is not divisive, then we can move on whether the group in question are in the right path or not.

        What I see from your narration is more of defensive approach for those what you called them “Traditional Opposition groups residing in Ethiopia” rather than constructive criticism of the notion ESEP.


        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Dear tes,

          I think you have asked me and I have answered to you. Scroll it down and you will find it out.
          unless you want different answer.

          • tes

            Dear Amanuel H.,

            Yes I read that but I need a confirmation again and again.

            I brought this again when I read this from your comment, “The weakness in our communications always spar to unnecessary back biting and name calling.”

            But I see a major weakness in your lines too.

            To recap what you wrote,

            1. “The slogan is divisive and the strategy is isolationism. Actually was targeted to our youth and the traditional organization who reside in Ethiopia.”

            In response to Petros

            2. Eritrean solution for Eritrean problem is neither an ideology nor a comprehensive plan. It is a simple slogan akin to Eritrea for Eritreans. No more no less than a simple slogan aimed to galvanize against the Eritrean oppositions in Ethiopia.

            In support of haile TG’s view

            3. These are the basic questions (your questions as stated above) the Eritrean sloganeers can not address them.

            Again during conversation with haile TG

            Doesn’t these 3 points fit with what you said regarding, as weakness our communication problem? I know you are a matured communique but I can’t expect such lines from the one that I assume he is not a kind of person who can say like this.

            Just cross-check your lines.


          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Tes,

            I don’t know how you read it, but I am principled, solid, consistent on my political and ideological views through out my political struggle. You could say I don’t agree with your views, and it is okay – you to have different view from that of mine. We are on the market of ideas, and you could buy from those which are out there that gives you peace of mind. That is what you need to do. And that is what I am doing.


          • tes

            Dear Amanuel H.,

            Here I didn’t mention or argue on your political principles. I think I am among those who admire your principled struggle. Saying that I specifically brought some of remarks put by you that I do not expect from a man o who advice people to use good communication approach. That is my point.

            Well if you are aware for what you put and are confirming it as your political methodology, that will be a different scenario.


      • Abraham Hanibal

        Selam Ato Amanuel H.,

        You’ve made good points, especially your last paragraph adressing the need for a mutured and civilized way of communication, instead of dwelling into old grudges, and derailing side-issues. But as Tesfabirhan has commented to you below, and from my own observation, you’re not living upto your stated opinion. My brotherly advice to you is, therefore, begin with yourself, and lead by example.


    • Fnote Selam

      Dear Mahmuday,

      While I agree with your comments, my feeling is that ESEP, regardless of how it is interpreted or used, has become a code word for ‘I care more than you do about Eri’ and as such very divisive. I don’t think it hurts to get rid off it from our conversion to avoid misunderstanding (and animosity). After all, it doesn’t matter what we say, it is how we conduct the true measure of whether we stand for Eris.



      • tes

        Dear Fnote Selam,

        If ESEP has just become a code, decode it. In fact, you are dsclosing the code when you write as you did.


        • Fnote Selam

          Hello Tes,

          As I said before, at this point, it really doesn’t matter what ESEP means, how it is interpreted, coded, decoded, twisted, turned, washed, ate, defecated etc etc. It is immaterial. It simply has become divisive and a source of much animosity in Eri opposition camp….just get rid off it, it will save us from having to do a lot of explanations…..



          • tes

            Dear Fnote Selam,

            Values can not rid of easily. ESEP is an Eritrean valuable and highly adorable fixed capital asset. If you get rid off it you as a person also will vanish with it. Stay conscious Fnote Selam. Just do not feel any shame of owning it as your motto.

            Let me tell you this: both PFDJ and opportunists do not want ESEP at all, not at all. To repeat, not at all!!!


      • Mahmud Saleh

        Dear FS
        Let me break it down to pieces.
        1. As a general take: There is nothing in looking inward and tap into one’s resources. This does not mean you should be isolationist, but it’s even a way of finding out how to utilize external assistance, to complement what you have. For instance:
        -booking Eritrean experts for workshops/seminars, consultations, negotiations, trainings… rather than looking for foreign scholars who will not have the same first hand information and insightful grasp of the situation.
        – looking for emergent Eritrean proposals and try to either incorporate them into your existing strategy or using them as a primary source, particularly ideas that are action-oriented and that contribute towards unity…prepare us to be receptive to diverse opinions, engage in civility….
        -Taking the lead in Eritrean concerns, such as COIE. I met and spoke with Dr. Daniel Rezene, who conducted a seminar in my home town, he went through the process that had led to COIE. I was confident and proud at the same time. The process was continuously and doggedly pushed behind doors and away from the spotlight by Eritreans which finally culminated to the COIE we now know. He spoke about what it would mean to us, Eritreans. He also mentioned that in all steps, Eritrean professionals are present and that Eritreans would not allow it to be misused in endangering our nation…etc. You can see how our gallant history and our people’s aspirations are mentioned in the summary introduction of the report. I believe that was the contribution of Eritreans. This is part of what it looks to be working in an ESEP way. There is international help, but Eritreans are in it and are influencing. I have no doubt if it becomes something that is exploited for other geopolitical agendas, some Eritreans will sound the alarm. This is just an example. Others, including human right concerns in Eritrea and Diaspora…helping out newcomers to our neighborhoods and hometowns…helping out migrants in Libya…Europe…(petros’ point) are all parts of ESEP.
        I supported all initiatives that called for dialogue, unity…action, etc. For instance, I happy that such forums such as the Eritrean Forum (medreK), The Eritrean Forum for National Dialogue, which convened in DC, and our own Amanuel Hidrat and Beyan Negash attended…and now the Bologna forum or ESEP. So, mine is one of a wish to see a unified or a consolidated voice. As you may remember, my call has so far been about unity and consolidation of the efforts for change. I do believe Diaspora could channel its energy into the domestic potential if we do it cleverly. I also believe there will not be any change if the people (primarily, Eritreans in Eritrea) perceive the opposition as being influenced by external forces. Therefore, saying ESEP should be neutral and applicable everywhere.
        2. Now, the tricky or thorny point is our relations with Ethiopia. I totally agree with how tes sees it. But here is the bottom line, I personally have every legitimate reason to be concerned. Same with other Eritreans. Some may feel unconcerned. But wherever the base of operation may be, the core message is that Eritreans should not put imaginary or perceived fences between us. As I understand it, the motive of ESEP is in fact tearing down the fences of suspicion. It is a call for Eritreans, regardless of where they reside, or what organizational program they adhere to, to come together and talk out their differences. This could include the openness between different segments of our society to discuss societal problems, or the narrowing the differences between our organized political organizations including those in Ethiopia, the Middle East, our people inside Eritrea OR the Diaspora in the West, etc. This is my latest interpretation. ESEP means tearing down the real or perceived fences dividing our resistance resources, crossing isles…and opening up for action oriented dialogues.
        3. What if they take ESEP as an exclusive mantra? I hope they discuss this. It is a matter of a strategy. I’m sure they are debating their performance. I’m sure they will not have a problem Re-framing this noble idea in a way that it is appealing to the majority. I’m not in the know company, but all that motivates me is when I see Eritreans taking the helm and spreading the news of hope: the news of unity and forwardness.

        • Ted

          Hi FS, The Greatest MS, there nothing wrong with the name. The name has nothing to do with who loves Eritrea more or not, but the means to avoid unexpected consequences in a struggle encompassing different players. There is more to than meet the eye; It is taken by some groups “who hates PFDJ MORE”. Those groups claim to hate PFDJ more than the others to justify their involvement with any shady characters in accomplishing their goal.These groups take a moral high ground as defendants of the people(Eritrea) claiming our country to be in a verge of collapse needing their strategy( any means necessary). For this groups the outcome of their struggle is inconsequential as long as PFDJ is removed from the picture. Have these groups stood up to TPLF in defence of their compatriots? Did they defend territorial dispute, did they oppose the unlawful sanction, did they ….. the answer is always NO. Here is the irony; we all curse PFDJ for using Ethiopian opposition in Eritrea for its advantage but to our surprise it is those Eritrean oppositions residing in Ethiopia are the vocal opponents of PFDJ actions. And as always, they have no answer if any one or Eritrean ask them how do they see themselves visa-avis TPLF’s interest. If history is our witness, TPLF has not have the best interest of Eritrea and public opinion shows this fact clearly. It doesn’t end there, for the last 15 yrs they have come up with all kind of absurd explanation to say PFDJ is the source of all evils not only to Eritreans but also to Ethiopians(TPLF). No one buy these stories and never will.
          There is no doubt our people and the country is in dire situation that we all need to work harder with clear strategy to change things for good. But the solution we plan to alleviate the problem shouldn’t be worse than the problem . EPSE is to mean let’s take charge of our destiny – not to mean we love Eritrea more or hate PFDJ less.

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Hello Ted
            The motto is not only beautiful but it fits Eritreans and their history. I hope you read my interpretation of Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean problems. It’s not exclusive to any group. It’s something that could and should be remembered and applied everywhere and by all Eritreans who are trying to find solutions to the current situation. It’s not an isolationist attitude either. The sense of patriotism, nationalism, heroism, resilience, steadfastness, self-confidence, self-reliance, peaceful co-existence and tolerance. ..are some of the virtues that nations try to build. You how some Eritreans react when they hear some of these virtues that come naturally to Eritreans. My understanding is the forum was a reaction to some youth groups which were hijacked by the Ethiopian government. I had an extensive briefing (an intercontinental phone talk) last night with a good friend who is from the young generation and who happens to be active in the youth movements. Therefore, taken within that context, I can understand why they came up with that motto. I also understand that any genuinely patriotic group can challenge them that ESEP is not exclusive to them. Therefore, while I like the motto, and I have no ground to deny it to Bologna Forum, i see areas where they can work hard to make their forum unique. Interestingly, SGJ alerted the forum about this in 2013 as per his reposted article. Therefore, yes, lomi ewn kem Qedem Eritrea is going to be bettered by patriotic people wherever they are. What interests me is that we should not complicate things than how they are now. Let diaspora do what it does best. The primary deciders of Eritrea’s fate are the people in Eritrea. Diaspora could play an accelerating role if they play it wise. If not they will become a decelerating load. Yes, ESEP everywhere, and be more watchful of Gen.Amare.

        • Fnote Selam

          Dear Mahmud and Tes,

          May be we are talking about different things. I am all for solutions conceptualized, driven and owned by Eritreans. I think some levels coordination/collaboration with neighboring countries, especially Ethiopia is necessary (may be even could serve as catalyst for further positive relation afterwards), but that is not not really my point. My objection is to the use of the phrase (not the approach), ESEP. We can say it means this, it means that….but the fact is, the way it began being used insinuated (for real or perceived, it doesnt matter) that the other groups are ‘not as eritreans as we are’….that is how people saw it (with some merit in my opinion) and it made a lot of people mad.

          Now, let me be very clear, I have no problem with approaches detailed by Mariam, and you guys as to what ESP entails….but again, I am not talking about that, it is the phrase that is causing all the animosity. So, lets drop it. Dropping that phrase is not going to harm anyone, but brings in goodwill as it is a compromised made for sake of avoiding animosity and misunderstanding. And as I said, after all we conduct and our actions speak more than any amount of phrases….

          So, EYSC, Drop That Phrase….



  • Sami

    Selamat Awatista!!

    First I want to thank for creating this instructive forum. In fact, it is the only Eritrean forum where people interact with civility. Every time I visit the forum, I learn a lot. Thanks to the likes of SAAY, Haile TG, Aman Hidrat (AH) etc…

    With regard to ESEP (Eritrean solutions to Eritrean problems), I am sorry to AH and Haile TG, my vote partially goes to Miriam, SAAY and others who are in the same vein.

    The reason I say partially is (I hope this makes Petros Beatay Happy), because the article partially failed to genuinely highlight what ESEP means and how does it translated by most ordinary Eritreans. In my opinion ESEP is interpreted by ordinary Eritrean as equal to (E+W)-(ETH) SEP (i.e. Eritrean plus World minus Ethiopian Solutions to Eritrean Problems).

    If you want to galvanize the masses to support the struggle against the dictator then you have to win their heart. To win the hearts of the masses, you have to make sure that the solutions you prescribe alleviate the fears and suspicion the masses have. As history witnessed (the Haile Selasie, the Derg, the complicated relations among EPLF, TPLF and ELF which is full of mistrust and hatred), the ETH, unfortunately, had been the main source of such fears and suspicions; among Eritreans.

    I believe, as Genève witnessed, (E+W)-(ETH) SEP is a way forward to unite Eritreans against the dictator. In my opinion, it is hidden all over Miriam’s article.

    This is neither hate mongering nor disrespecting those who support (E+W) + (ETH) SEP. In fact, I believe that under peaceful circumstances and democratic governments the two countries need to work together for mutual benefit from win-win cooperation.



    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Merhaba Sami,

      Welcome. I hope you will come often to share your views. Now I have a question to you. Does the “world” in your equation include IGAD? Or are you going to apply “selectivism” as to what the “world” means in your description? I am afraid there might be other “Minuses.”

      Amanuel Hidrat

  • tes

    Dear petros Tesfagherghis,

    There could be a debate on whether non-violent means is a preferred path or not as a strategy to bring peace in Eritrea. But the basic motto here is how can Eritrean Solutions for Eritrean Problems (ESEP) be divisive?

    Do you think that there are opposition groups who can be excluded from this basic principle?

    The means to achieve the final solutions can differ. Suppose EYSC chose non-violence and ESMNS all means possible. These two paths are strategies for the common problems and for the common solutions. And it is known fact that even a urine that is originated from the same bladder can not follow the same path to reach the destiny.


  • haileTG

    Hi Petros,

    That critique is exactly why most people feel that the concept somewhat detached from their real concerns. We can list the top three Eritrean problems and all have international dimension to them:

    1 – Border conflict – intl.

    2 – Humanitarian crisis of mass exodus – Intl.

    3 – Sanctions, monitoring, investigations and COIE – intl.

    Clearly, external intervention is neither in the list of top 3 or top 100 because it is the Eritrean regime that is sanctioned and accused of destabilizing world peace as per chapter VII not the other way around! That shows the slogan/dogma.. ESEP is an asymmetric with the core Eritrean problems, hence unlikely to address them.

    The other point is that the notion of “Eritrean Problem” is not a simple and straight forward matter that can be defined by small group alone. It is a vast subject that reflects the extensive amount of damage done to the nation and its people.

    Again, the notion of “Eritrean solution”, is equally vast, complex and multi-layered to address here in full, however, one group alone can’t prescribe a single course of action l one (i.e. not to struggle in Ethiopia) as being the sole resolution to all the problems that are defined as Eritrean.

    The simplest path forward is to discard this slogan and embrace something more appealing and in tune with the masses. The argument that Eritreans inside Eritrea are its chief supporters is really fudged. It is unsubstantiated claim that they are in no position to verify.


    • tes

      Dear haile TG,

      Ok you listed three points and all are internal problems. Well that all what ESEP is upto.

      1. We have border problem, lets solve it. lets be courageous enough to come-out and solve it for ever.

      2. We have humanitarian crisis and exodus – lets come and lets solve it. Lets not allow another Lampedusa to happen. And this can only be done within our selves. Just imagine what is happening in Syria.

      3. We have sanctions – lets remove the courses that led the country into sanctions. We have crimes committed to our own people, lets solve it from within ourselves.

      These are simple and solid facts.

      But you didn’t stop there. You are trying to make them complex. You made Eritrean problems complex and equally the solutions. How then can you then believe to come out with simple solution for a complex problems.

      The problem we have is very simple and straihgt: it is PFDJ. lets simplify it.
      The solution we have is: to remove completely PFDJ.

      No more no less.

      Be simple hailat brother as you were to be.


      • haileTG

        Hey tes,

        I see what you’re saying: things can be seen internally or externally depending how one view them. Though tes, I get your take of the message, but it is not free for all, the organizers for the idea for example don’t agree with the way you defined the problem or the solution. They believe PFDJ is not the problem per se and completely removing it is not the solution either. How do you address that?


        • tes

          Dear haile TG,

          Good point. Let me put my view on those mentioned actors in my first comment under this article.

          I wrote, “…I believe on the principle of Eritrean Solution for Eritrean problems but EYSC is corrupting it. hence a new dimension should be developed.”

          Yes those actors on table are not what Eritrean people are exactly looking for. They are for REFORMATION but they are hijacking the core notion of ESEP. Lets remember that ESEP is as old as Eritrea is (read sayy7’s comment).

          What I am saying is, ESEP as a principle is not divisive and there is no wrong with it. But those who use the notion of ESEP might be following a corrupted path. This is what we can discuss about or argue about.

          To be brief my point is “there is nothing wrong with ESEP and has never been divisive rather it was uniting slogan during the commencement of during armed struggle and still it has a place in the heart of Eritrean society. This is my point.

          Those who favor Ethiopian intervention (Ex: individuals like Hayat Adem) will not accept ESEP at all. And if those like minded people rejected it, it is not a surprise.


          • haileTG

            Merhaba tes,

            ESEP has always been there and most likely remain so. We are I think concerned as regards the manner it is used. For example, democracy and justice are noble ideas. Opposing PFDJ isn’t opposing those noble ideas. PFDJ is using the terms while hallowing out their cor meaning. ESEP in this case is also used outside of its normal meaning. Based on the group, it means that our enemy is Ethiopia, HGDEF can be reformed, and all other problems are the work of sellouts. That is about it. That isn’t the type of EPES you have in mind, I think?

          • tes

            Dear haile TG,

            Yes it has been used but EPLF then PFDJ dropped that notion. For the last 35 years or so (since 1981), Eritrean problems have never got any solution simply because EPLF dominated the era. In an exchange I did with Kokhob Selam, the notion ESEP has been violated by EPLF after TPLF was invited to intervene in the CIVIL War between EPLF and ELF. Since then there ESEP was left to hibernate until the YOUTH came out with it again. Therefore lets not take as it is in existence by default. What history tells us different.


  • Dayphi

    Well said brother Petros. God bless you and bless your weekend.

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam Petros,

    Well said and precisely put as to what will be our task. The slogan is divisive and the strategy is isolationism. Actually was targeted to our youth and the traditional organization who reside in Ethiopia.


  • Tewelde G/mariam

    But remember, your elephant is only an illusion; it does not exist in reality.

  • Amde

    Selam L.T.

    That was actually funny. But it is a true metaphor.


  • Fanti Ghana

    Hello Dayphi,
    What an excellent comment! I read it twice. The “next year at same time” you showed discomfort with maybe an innocent overlook, maybe even meant as a favor to the community by planning the meeting on their day off (expect the positive first), but I like your tone and manner of addressing it and your other suggestions so much that I just wanted to offer my appreciation.
    Thank you.

    • Dayphi

      Fanti !
      It is I who should thank you for reading my comment. Sha3biyyah, as evil as arrogant they are called for a town meeting of Eritreans in one city on the 9th.of thul-hijjah many years ago, between Asr and Maghrib time. No timing can be worse when we were fasting on Arafah day, in fervent prayers and supplications, preparing our fuToor, or watching live broadcast of the Nafra from Mina to Muzdalifah. We boycotted the meeting citing the above reasons. The key note speaker, a muslim and distant relative centured the organizers for their ill timing and offered his personal apology since it was his first time to know about the arafah fasting and eid eve prepation with prayers and quran recitations.

  • V.F.

    Dear Miriam,

    I have said time and again that the elephant in the room is Ethiopia. Ethiopia holds the key to all Eritrean problems and to all Eritrean solutions. Nearly every problem we have in Eritrea was created by our perception of Ethiopia and by Ethiopia’s perception and reaction to the Eritrean perception. This is the truth at least dating all the way back to Menelik II. EPLF, IA, PFDJ – these are Eritrean problems but they were created because of Ethiopia. There is no hiding place.

    The very best approach is to foster a good relationship with Ethiopia to begin with but what I agree with you on is that we need to be united and position ourselves in very strong negotiating positions. Thanks to IA, we do not have much negotiating power left as the Ethiopians have figured a way to live as a landlocked nation but the little that we have left, which is security of the region, is one card that we could use in our favor and negotiate strongly. What do we negotiate? Simply for Ethiopia to come into good terms with the government of Eritrea (not this regime, mind you) and at best become a good economic partner and the very worst leave the people of Eritrea to pursue their dreams on their own without interfering.

    But there is no way of moving forward without having made Ethiopia as part of the solution and use the negotiating tools to make it the least bit part of the problem.

    Eritrean problems are caused because of Ethiopia (please Abi, I am not saying by Ethiopia necessarily, there is a difference) because again ghedli and what entailed afterwards (ELF, EPLF, the civil war, IA, PFDJ, SAWA, you name it) was caused to fight against the Ethiopians or to protect ourselves against the Ethiopians (SAWA to a very large extent).

    Unless and until we find a very efficient, effective, shrewd, way to deal with the Ethiopians, we will keep creating problems for ourselves as a result of our perception of Ethiopians. Just as we need to win the hearts and minds of Eritreans, we will need to do that equally with the Ethiopians. Once we have a properly calibrated perception and reality of Ethiopians and vice versa, then we can move forward with justice, peace, prosperity, regional integration.

    • Eyob Medhane


      It is amazing to me the way you shuttle from one end to another.

      As an Ethiopian, here is how I understand you..

      * Our former bargaining tool, which were ports are not working, because even if we landlocked them to twist their hands to submit to our will, they went ahead and figured out to live without ports. Therefore, that part of our strategy is busted.

      *Our other trick that we have in our sleeve is security. Let us threaten them with that, blackmail them, and then that should twist their arms to do what we would like them to do.

      * What we want from them is “economic relationship”. (It sounds to me a code word for a call of the return of 91-98 parasitic economic relationship that EPLF has perfected) Sorry, I did not see a MUTUAL economic relationship in your tone.

      *In order to achieve what we want, “just to be nice to them” would be enough. Because, if we keep insult them and antagonize them, they would continue to be pain on our neck and won’t leave us alone.

      *If it were not for Isayas Afeworki and PFDJ, we would have had more negotiating bargaining chip to keep blackmailing them, including the unbalanced trade relation we had. Thanks to IA, he made us lose all that. Damn him.

      *Our problems started over a hundred years ago, since Minilik II, by Ethiopians (their leaders) (a politically correct qualifier) So they will continue to be a source of our problem, unless 1) We find another way to threaten and black mail them with a regional security issue. 2) Drop some attitude we have towards them change for tactical reasons, until we exhost all of our “negotiation tool and have the submitted to our demands.

      Do you think that is a workable solution for a durable peace? I think note, VF…

      • V.F.

        Eyob, master spinner! Everything you said is thr opposite of everything I said. I will refute everything you twisted very soon.

        • Ted

          VF,. How pathetic is that failing even to convince Ethiopians to take us back. Not only you are bad negotiator, you also let them bruise our ego.

          • V.F.

            Ted, don’t worry my friend. Eyob ain’t speaking for all Ethiopians. He is an extremist with only one purpose in being here, that’s to toy with your heads. He is speaking only for himself, maybe even not that much.

          • Ted

            VF. i am taking about your bad reasoning if ever there is one. Eyob, you better pay attention what he says, he is all Ethiopian boy.

    • Abyssinia

      Hi V.F,

      I do think you are a genius by “Eritrean” standards – I mean at least you started to see a bit beyond the Kebessa hills to the fertile Ethiopian plateaus. Seriously, you seem to be experiencing some moments of spark. You are spot on Ethiopia having the keys for Eritrean problems and their solutions. The Ethiopian elite’s view regarding Eritrea is that Eritrea was founded on the evil idea of living by choking Ethiopia. Pure evil! How do you fight evil? After a serious of naive attempts at taming Eritrea, Ethiopia decided this: choke Eritrea to death. And triumph is well in the cards.

    • Dear V.F,
      when you say that eritrea’s problems lie in the way eritreans perceive ethiopia, that ethiopia holds the key to the eritrean solution and ethiopia should be seen as part of the solution, you are not far from the truth. i would have added the eritrean mentality and worldview; how they see regional and world dynamics, is the cause of the problem as well; because if eritrea was joined to the sudan in the 1940s and not with ethiopia, the same thing would have happened. the thing that would not work or stand the test of time in the future is that eritreans cannot be with ethiopians with the same old mentality; and this mentality should change and change for good. indirectly you are talking of exploitation and not working and prospering together, you do not talk of a win-win solution, but in a way eritrea always winning and ethiopia always losing. this is the mentality of the past that brought us to this quagmire. unless eritreans and ethiopians approach eachother with a new heart and a new mind of brotherhood, it is better they remain far apart. the ball is in the eritrean court.

      look at the slogan for it is nothing else but a slogan, when they say “eritrean solution for eritrean problem”. the main aim is to cordon off ethiopia’s direct or indirect involvement in eritrean affairs. is it far fetched to say that pfdj could have raised the same slogan, because it excludes out ethiopia (its nemesis) and it could help keep eritreans within the pfdj camp if possible. upto now nobody seems to know clearly the problem (dictatorship i.e. dia + pfdj as a unified system or dia alone), or who would bring the solution (opposition forces outside the country (better to say nothing), clandestine opposition forces within the pfdj – of course, nothing is known about this, because it seems that nobody ever tried to creat a division within the pfdj or the eritrean society, for agai nobody tried to mobilize the people adequately), and finally the solution (desmantling the dctatorial regime or reforming it). therefore, it is all about talking and righting, for the sake of talking and writing, as others have said. this shows that the bridge between eritrea and ethiopia remains broken; and the willpower and the mentality for raproachment are still nonexistent, not only in the pfdj camp, but in the opposition camp as well. nevertheless, even then, i would rather choose to say that we should not lose hope completely, for there are rational voices here and there, and they may be the ones who could do a miracle in this difficult situation; for if there is somebody who can move a mountain, still it is a human being (the karamasov brothers, by Fyodor Dostoyevsky).


      • V.F.

        Horizon, how else can the two peoples live peacefully without crafting a bilateral agreements, which what negotiating is. I think you only read Eyob’s response to my post and not my post. I didn’t mention not imply exploitation in any way. Let me ask you a question: from what I read from most Ethiopians in this forum, they do not see there is anything they can gain from any relationship with Eritrea. They just want to keep Eritrea at bay. That seems to be the only purpose of their participation in this forum.

        But like I said the other day, it’s a game of chicken. Its sad to see the attitude of let’s keep them in that hole while we got them now. Very revengeful! There are very few Eritreans who hold the kind of views I have – that being together one way or another gives the best chance for peace, justice, and prosperity. The majority of Eritreans do not want to have anything with Ethiopia aside just a neighborly ‘howdy’ gesture. And here is one guy who is saying “Ethiopians are people like us, let’s not be overly suspicious, let’s work together, we can help each other out etc.” and you extremist Ethiopians do not miss an opportunity to try and silence me.

        This is simply why because you all do not know the intricate history of Eritreans and why they come to perceive you the way they do.

        • tes

          Dear V.F,

          What you are forgetting is even an elephant needs a single celled bacteria to live as a giant animal. Saying that the bilateral agreements you are trying to put is based on an assumption of Almighty Mama Ethiopia.

          Just don’t go further. Even consider Eritrea is a handicapped country and yet it has a right to live on its own no matter who is around.


          • V.F.

            Dear Tes, when you say Almighty Mama Ethiopia, that shows your resentment and backwards perception towards Ethiopia and this is at the heart of all the problems we have. Thank you, you are helping me make my point. Your views towards Ethiopia is that of a typical Eritrean but what the Ethiopians do not understand is that people with views like mine are not very many. Instead of gaining the ‘hearts and minds of Eritreans’ they are here antagonizing the most amicable people towards them. It is a shame really. Because the kind of mentality you have – Almighty Mama Ethiopia – and that of the likes of Eyob – let’s bury them (the Eritreans) once and for all, will only help perpetuate poverty and injustice in the two countries.

          • tes

            Dear V.F.,

            Very good point! You wrote, “Your views towards Ethiopia is that of a typical Eritrean but what the Ethiopians do not understand is that people with views like mine are not very many. Instead of gaining the ‘hearts and minds of Eritreans’ they are here antagonizing the most amicable people towards them.”

            Well there are two sides, Eritrea and Ethiopia. Lets not now mix things. Just focus on the Eritrean dimension.

            To quote you specifically, “…people with views like mine are not very many…” Yes you are not many and that is why we are (the majority) are saying, lets follow the path “Eritrean solutions for Eritrean problems” simply because it reaches the hearts of the majority. In a democratic path, majority wins.

            There are very minor Eritreans who believe on the concept of Almighty Mama Ethiopia and these are opportunists simply because they havae lost hope on their own people and are looking for an alternative path that does not reflect the majority path.

            Good point V.F


        • Aklilu Kassa

          Agree that Ethiopians do not want to deal or interfere with Eritrea’s government and politics. Even though there is a lot to be gained with a peaceful and development oriented Eritrea the current relationship state seems to fit well for Ethiopia. We have seen a very dramatic economic development in the past 10-15 years after cutting of our ties to Eritrea. One can only imagine where Ethiopia would be if we had not dissolved the Eritrean federation or approved their request of independence right away. Instead a thick headed dictator by the name of Mengistu wasted so much lives and money on an unnecessary cause. But what’s been done is done and we should only look forward. I hope Eritrea also uses it’s resources for economic development rather than war machine development. I’m sure this will change in due time. Issayas is not going to live forever, nature will take its course one day.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Aklilu,
            the choice of Ethiopia to control Eritrea had cost a lot to Ethiopia. the choice of current government has shown us how much using your own resources help in development. We Eritreans except PFDJ supporters think our nation is rich if the jealous, hopeless childish group is removed those two sisterly nations will live in peace supporting each other.

            I wish and hope Ethiopia will continue advancing.

          • tes

            Dear Aklilu Hailu,

            I agree with you and thank you for your good wishes. Hopefully soon we will start to build our nation from within by creating a favorable political environment.


    • tes

      Dear V.F,

      You wrote, “I have said time and again that the elephant in the room is Ethiopia.” Suppose, you have a bee. Can the bee consider the Elephant’s strength? I wish what you stated remained an absolute fact. However what natural law shows us is not whether one is elephant or not rather whether one has a RIGHT TO LIVE OR NOT on his/her own rights.


      • Abyssinia

        Hi Tes,
        You seem to be living in utter confusion. I am sorry, but in the real world, nothing, really nothing matters more than power. Rights, democracy, international law, bla bla are just for the fools to talk about. Real politics is about power. Deal with it!

        • tes

          Dear Abyssinia,

          Funny. Let me ask you: “what type of power are you talking about”? I know many types of power and and hence you need to specify it. I hope you are not talking on material power. if so, I will just laugh.

          • Abyssinia

            Hi Tes,
            If I have not specified it, it means the sum total of all powers. But, what are the types of powers that you have in mind?

          • tes

            Dear Abyssinia,

            let you not be a papagallo. I am now the one who said as someone who lives in utter confusion. I think you are the one who wrote, “Real politics is about power. Deal with it!”. How then you are coming me and asking what I have in my mind? Just specify the type of power you are talking about.


  • Fnote Selam

    Dear Miriam,

    I like most of what I read here. One thing though, drop the phrase ‘Eritrean solutions to Eritrea problems’. Dont let you and your organisation be defined by a phrase perceived (sometimes perception is more real than reality) to be divisive, (at least at this time and in the present context). It is as useless a phrase as ‘Eritrea is North Korea of Africa’ when it comes solving our problems.

    Best wishes,


  • Dayphi

    I’m sorry! the missing last word in the tigrinia quote is yitswwa3, like call for, and not yiqitsil , like continue. Also T in Thank you.

  • Ted

    Hi Miriam, it is an article make me wish i wrote it. It is lucid and more importantly it shows the strategy and responsibility every justice seeker groups need to consider beyond fighting PFDJ in assuring stability of the country post PFDJ. “Eritrean problem by Eritreans” is noble cause worthy of the sacrifice all Eritreans take fighting the distractors and PFDJ in achieving our goal of harmonious and peaceful Eritrea. EYSC ‘s mission resonated well with Eritreans inside and out and its success is only a matter of time. Peace!

  • sabri

    Good observation Ayneta. Don’t you see some hope that change might come from inside?

  • Abraham Hanibal

    Selam Awatistas,

    What does “Eritrean solutions to Eritrean problems” mean? It means that Eritreans are the owners of the agenda, the strategies, the methods and means, and the action plan that would be employed in the struggle to remove the tyrannical regime of Isayas. All Eritreans, whether they are inside the country or not, whether they’re serving the regime under pressure or not; are equally stakeholders in Eritrean affairs. And hence, all should have equal rights and interests in the removal of the Isayas regime. The idea of Eritrean solutions for Eritrean problems doesn’t rule out in any way the need and importance of an outside force(s) in helping to bring the desired change; but any such assistance should be based on securing the interests of all the Eritrean stakeholders, as well as the interests of the assisting force. This means that Eritreans should not expect for any outside force to fix their problems; because any lasting and favorable change could only be achieved if Eritreans sort out their internal differences and agree upon a broad consensus among themselves.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Abraham,

      You defined “Eritrean solution for Eritrean problem” better than the article does. I hope EYC will take note out of this short comment. It is concise to the point.

      Amanuel Hidrat

      • tes

        Dear Aamanuel H.

        Ok you seem to agree on how Abraham H. Was it then the problem of definition or the principle of Eritrean solutions for Eritrean problems that is contradicting within you?

        You are more than anyone aware on what a principle is and you are much more experienced on strategies that can be followed once the basic principle is laid out?

        Where do you see as a measure weakness exactly?

        Can you you provide us a brief SWOT analysis of EYSC in reference to their main mantra?


  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear awate friends,

    ‘እሞ ሕጂስ እንታይ ኣካታዕን ዘይንጹርን ጉዳይ ሃልዩ እዩ ኣብ ‘ዛ ጉዳይ “ኤርትራዊ ጸገም ብኤርትራዊ ፍታሕ ” ? መን ከ ድኣ ‘ሞ ጉዳይና ክፈትሖ ንጸበ ? ወረ መን ከ ኣነ ጸገምኩም ክፈትሓልኩም ዝበለና ኣሎ እዩ ? እዋእ ወላ ‘ቲ ብቀደሙ ‘ውን እኮ ኣሜሪካ ዶ ብርጣንያ ዶ “ኣብ ትሕቲ ኢትዩጵያ ኣእትየናና “‘ዝብል ብሂላት ሓሶት ጥራይ ዘይኮነስ ናይ ሓሶታት ‘ውን ቁንጮ ሓሶት እዩ ::- ወላ ሓደ ኳ ናይ ደገ ሓይሊ ንሓንቲ ሃገረ ክጎብጣን ከግቡጣን ኣይክእልን እዩ – ንፉሱን ርኹስን ውሽጣዊ ሓይሊ እንተዘይሃልዩ ::

    ንስለ ሃለውለው እንተኾይኑን – ተቢዕካ ንዘይምቅላስ ዝወሃብ ኣሽሓት ምኽንያታት ምምሃዝ ይከኣል እዩ :: እንተ ቲ ሓቂ ግን ብመትከል ሃገር ብወዲ ሃገር ክትምራሕ እንመርጸሉ ምኽንያት ንግስጋሰን ራህዋን ሓፋሽ ብዝመረጾ ቅዲ ምሕደራ ክንጓዓዝ ስለዝደለና እዩ ነይሩ :: ስለዚ ሃገራዊ ናጽነት መበገሲ ጉዕዞ ሰላምን ምዕባለን ድኣ እምበር ናይ መጨረሻ መዕርፎ ዕላማና ኣይኮነን :: ሎሚ ሃገርና ዘላቶ ወድዓዊ ኩነታት ካብ ምስ ኢትዮጵያዊ መንግስቲ እትምረሓሎ ዝነበረት መድረኽ ዝፈልዮ ይ መራሒ ሽምን : – ሕብረታት ባንዴራን :- ሃገራዊ መዝሙርን ጥራይ እዩ :: ሃገርና ኣብዚ ዘላቶ ደው ምባላ ካብ ኣብ ትሕቲ መግዛእቲ ዝነበረቶ እዋን እንተዘይከፊኡ ዝሓሸ እንብለሉ ወላ ‘ኳ ሓንቲ ነገር የለን : እዚ ስለዝኾነ ኣብ ትሕቲ ኢትዮጵያ ምእንቲ ዳግማይ ከይንቁረን እናበልካ ሃገር እናበረሰትን ህዝቢ እናሃለቐን ካብ ቃልሲ ሙብካርን ምዝሕታልን ምድስካልን ብፍጹም ተቀባልነት የብሉን ::

    ህግደፍ ካብ ተሽካዕልለሎም ዘላን ንብዙሓት ደቂ ገርሂ- ልባ ብዝተፈላለይ ኣገባብ ትሰብከሎም ዘላ ነጥብታት ብጉዳይ ኣብ ኢትዮጵያ ዘለው ተቃወምቲ እዩ :: እዛ ፍንፍንቲ ጉጅለ እቲ ቀደም ክፍታሕ ዝነበሮ ካልኣዊ ግርጭት ገና ሃገርነት ኤርትራ ከይተረጋገጸ ምስ ወያኔ ኮይና ዝወለዐቶ ኩናት ሕድ ሕድ ረሲዓቶ እንተልያ ሓፋሽ ከምዘይረሰዖ ክትፈልጥ ኣለዋ :: እቶም ነዚ ውሳነ ዝወሰኑ ዝበዝሑ ‘ ኳ ድሮ ባዕላ ኣብ ትሕቲ መሬት ኣስፊራቶም ኣላ : ብርግጽ ግን እቶም ምስኣ ዘለው ንውሳነ ኩናት ሕድሕድን ምጽንባር ወያነ ትግራይን ኣብ ነጻ ቤት ፍርዲ ከይቀረቡ ብጻት ስውኣት ተጋደልቲ ከምዘይንድቅስ ክትፈልጥ ኣለዋ ::

    እዚ ዝዓይነቱ ገበን ፍርዱ እንታይ ከምዝኾነ ኣርቂቅና ስለንፈልጥ ንሃገራዊ ሓይሊ ብናይ ደገ ሓይሊ ምህራም ስራሕና ክኸውን ኣይክእልን እዩ :: እዚ ጥራይ ‘ ውን ኣይኮነን ሎሚ ህግደፍ ሕጋውነት ስለዘይብሉ ዘይሕጋዊ ስጉምቲ ተወሲድዎ ብሕጊ ክሓትት መሰል ስለዘይብሉን – ወላ ውን ምስ ጅኒ ዕግሪት ምዝባጡን ምድምሳሱን ብዙሕ ዘሰክፍ ኣይኮነን :: ግዳ ኸኣ እዚ ቦጅቧጅ መሪሕነት ከም ኣመሉ ኣገዲዱ ኣብ ቅድመ ግንባር ዘጥፍኦም ከም ድፍዕ ዝጥቀመሎም ኣሕዋትናን ደቅናን ስለዝኾኑ ኣብ ምንቃሕ ምውዳብን ሓፋሽ ከነቶኩር ኢና ንመርጽ :: ካብኡ ሕሊፉ ከም ‘ቲ “መንግስቲ ኤርትራ” ንተቃውምቲ ኢትዮጵያውያን ከም ደቀንኡ እሽሩሩ ብምባልን ኢትዮጵያ ክትበታተን ለይትን መዓልትን ዝሰርሖ መንግስቲ ኢትዮጵያ ብመትከል ዘይገብሮ ምዃኑ ብተግባር ርኢናዮ ኢና::

    ንብተግባር ዝንቀሳቀሱ ተጋደልትና ቤት ጽሕፈታቶም ኣብ ኢትዮጵያ ስለ ዘሎ ንኢትዮጵያ ከረክቡና እዮም ዝዓይነቱ ዝረባዕባዕ ግን ምልከት ናይ ነብሰ ምትእምምማን ሕጽረት ጥራይ ዘይኮነስ ገና ገለ ካብ ብሃልቱ ካብ ‘ቲ ርኹስ ምሕደራ ህግደፍ ዝተፈነው ከይኮኑ ኣብ ሕቶ ዝእቱ እዩ ::

    እዋእ እሞ ሕራይ እስከ ንሶም ከ መንገዶም ዘየርእዩን ዘይቃለሱን ? ኢልካ ምሕታት ኣድላይ እዩ ::

    • Mahmud Saleh

      ሰላም ኮኾብ
      ኣብዛ ርኢቶኻ ቅሩብ መልሲ ክህብ።
      1. “እዋእ ወላ ‘ቲ ብቀደሙ ‘ውን እኮ ኣሜሪካ ዶ ብርጣንያ ዶ “ኣብ ትሕቲ ኢትዩጵያ ኣእትየናና “‘ዝብል ብሂላት ሓሶት ጥራይ ዘይኮነስ ናይ ሓሶታት ‘ውን ቁንጮ ሓሶት እዩ ::- ወላ ሓደ ኳ ናይ ደገ ሓይሊ ንሓንቲ ሃገረ ክጎብጣን ከግቡጣን ኣይክእልን እዩ – ንፉሱን ርኹስን ውሽጣዊ ሓይሊ እንተዘይሃልዩ ::”

      ሓቂ እዩ። ኣማእት ኣሽሓት ከኣ ከፊልናሉ። ኣሜርካን ብሪጣንያን ንረብሓ ኢትዮጵያ ኣይሰርሓን ትብል ኣለኻ? እቲ ንፋስን ርኹስን ውሽጣዊ ሓይሊ መን እዩ ዝውድቦን ዝምውሎን ዘማእዝኖን ነይሩ? ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ከ ኣብ ትሕቲ ምሕረት ናይዘን ዓበይቲ ሓያላን ኣይነበረን እንድዩ?

      2. “ንስለ ሃለውለው እንተኾይኑን – ተቢዕካ ንዘይምቅላስ ዝወሃብ ኣሽሓት ምኽንያታት ምምሃዝ ይከኣል እዩ… ኣብ ትሕቲ ኢትዮጵያ ምእንቲ ዳግማይ ከይንቁረን እናበልካ ሃገር እናበረሰትን ህዝቢ እናሃለቐን ካብ ቃልሲ ሙብካርን ምዝሕታልን ምድስካልን ብፍጹም ተቀባልነት የብሉን :”

      ምኽንያታት ዘይኮነስ ርኢቶታት እዩ ዝበሃል። ልክዕ ከምቲ ንስኻ ርኢቶ ከምዘለካ እተኣምን ካልኦት እውን ርኢቶ ኣለዎም። ልዕሊ ካልኦት ትቃለስ እንተኣለኻ ድማ ግቡእካ እዩ። ርኣዩለይ ስምዑለይ ኣየድልዮን። ናይ ኢትዮጵያ ጥሙሓት ክዉል ኣይኮነን። ዝያዳ ኹሉ ልሳኖምን ተግባሮምን ይገልጾ ኣሎ። ቱርጅማን ዘየድልዮ ነገር እዩ። ኣብ ውሽጢ ከምዚ ኩነታት ከምዚ ምግባር ይሓይሽ ምባል ግን ጽቡቕ እዩ።

      3. “ህግደፍ ካብ ተሽካዕልለሎም ዘላን ንብዙሓት ደቂ ገርሂ- ልባ ብዝተፈላለይ ኣገባብ ትሰብከሎም ዘላ ነጥብታት ብጉዳይ ኣብ ኢትዮጵያ ዘለው ተቃወምቲ እዩ …. ንውሳነ ኩናት ሕድሕድን ምጽንባር ወያነ ትግራይን ኣብ ነጻ ቤት ፍርዲ ከይቀረቡ ብጻት ስውኣት ተጋደልቲ ከምዘይንድቅስ ክትፈልጥ ኣለዋ ”

      ይግበረልና። ግን ብዙሓት ካብቶም ንቃልሲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ብድሕሪት ብፈንጅታትን ካሚናትን ዝቋጸዩ ዝነበሩ፡ ብዙሓት ከብቶም ንሰላማውያን ሰባት ብስም ደገፍቲ” መንግስቲ/ሻዕብያ” ከም እንስሳ ክሕረዱ ዝኣዘዙ እውን ኣብ ውሽጢ እቲ ተቛውሞ ስለዘለዉስ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ፍትሒ ዝረኽበላ መዓልቲ ጥራይ የውርደልና። ግን ከምቲ ኩሉ ግዜ ዝብሎ እዚታትስ ኣይመድለየ ነይሩ። ክምለሰልካ ስለዘለዎ ጥራይ እየ ዝምልስ ዘለኹ። ቅዉም-ነገር እንተሎ ናብ ዕርቕን ሰላምን እንተወጃህናዮ ይሓይሽ። እታ ኣዝያ ድኽምቲ ምጉት ግን እዛ እትስዕብ እያ፡- ሻዕብያ ብዘበን ኦሪት ምስ ናይ ባዕዲ ሓይሊ ተሻሪኻ ንውድበይ ስለዝሃረመት ኣነ ምስቲ ንውድበይ ዝሃረመ ባዕዳዊ ሓይሊ ኮይነ ንሃገረ-ኤርትራ ክወቅዕ ሓላል እዩ ዝብል እዩ። (እዚ ንዓኻ ዝምልከት እዩ። ንዝኾነ ተጋዳላይ ተሓኤ ውይምልከትን እዩ)። እንታይ እሞ ክብል ባዕሉ የቕልሎ። በዚ እስትራተጂ እዚ ኤርትራውያን ክተኣምን እንተትኽእል ቅድሚ 15 ዓመት ከብ ህግድፍ ምተናገፍና ነይርና። ኮኸባይ ምስ ኩሉ ኣኽብሮት፡ ግጉይ ሞጎት ተሰላስል ኣለኻ። ታሪኽ መንፊት ኣለዎ። ኣይትተሃወኽ። ንሎሚ ብዛዕባ ሎሚ ንመያየጥ።

      4. “እዚ ጥራይ ‘ ውን ኣይኮነን ሎሚ ህግደፍ ሕጋውነት ስለዘይብሉ ዘይሕጋዊ ስጉምቲ ተወሲድዎ ብሕጊ ክሓትት መሰል ስለዘይብሉን – ወላ ውን ምስ ጅኒ ዕግሪት ምዝባጡን ምድምሳሱን ብዙሕ ዘሰክፍ ኣይኮነን ”
      ሕራይ ህግድፍ ሕጋውነት የብሉን ግን “ምስ ጅኒ ዕግሪት” ትዘብጣ ዘለኻ ኤርትራ እያ። “ጅኒ ዕግሪት” ዝበልካዮ ነየናይ ወገን ምዃኑ ብሩህ እዩ። ሓድሽ ሓሳብ ኣይኮነን። ቅድሚ ሕጂ እውን ንልኡላውነት ኤርትራ ቅንጣብ ትኸውን ተገዳስነት ከምዘይብልካ ዘርኢ ሓሳባት ሰንዚርካ ኢኻ። “ምስ ኢትዮጵያ ኮይና ንናይ ሓባር ጸላኢ እንተዘበጥና….ባድመ ምስ ኣሕዋትና ኣላ…” ዝብሉ ሓሳባት ኣብዚ መኣዲ ዘተ ኣምዚእካ ኢኻ። ግን ብዙሓት ኤርትራውያን ብከምኡ ኣይርእይዎን እዩ። ህግድፍን ሃገረ-ኤርትራን ፈላልዮም ይርእዩ እዮም። እዚ ኣዕናዊ ኣተሓሳስባታት ድማ እዩ ንደምበ ተቓውሞ ኣብ ዕንክሊል ኣእትይዎ ዘሎ።
      5. ኣብ መወጥረሽታ ተለቂበን ዘለዋ ሕጥበ ጽሑፋት ኣድለይቲ ኣይኮናን ጥራይ ዘይኮናስ ምልክት ነብሰ-ምትዕብባይ ኣለወን። ንህግድፍ ምቅዋም ወረቐት ፍቃድ ናይዝኾነ ወገን ኣየድልዮን። መሰል እዩ። ብኣበሃህላኻስ ያኢ ንስኻ ልዕሊ ሳልሕ ዮኑስ፡ ሚርያም ሰፕተምበር፡ ኣብረሃም ሃኒባል፡ ተድ፡ ናቲቨ፡ ፍኖተሰላምን ካልኦት ነቲ ሓሳብ ናይታ ጽሕፍቲ ዝድግፉ ትጋደልን ተበርክትን ኣለኻ። ኣይኮነን ክብለካ ኣይደልን። ግን እስትሕያ ምግባርን ንሰብ ብክብረት ምእንጋድን መርኣያ ብሱልነት እዩ።
      ኣብ መወዳእታ፡ ብትግርኛ ትጽሕፎ ካብቲ ብእንግሊዘኛ ትጽሕፎ ይፍለ እዩ። ኣሽሙር ዝበዝሖን ንፍሉጣት ሰባት ክትወቅዕ ምዃንካ ብሩህ እዩ። ሎምስ ከኣ ኤርትራውያ ሽግርና ባዕልና ንግጠሞ፡ ንተሓባበር ንተኣኻኸብ፡ ንከባበር ንዝብል ጽሑፍ ንዝደገፉ ሰባት ክትሽምጥጥ ከም ልሙድ ትግርኛ መሪጽካ። ትግርኛ ምምራጽ ጸገም የብሉን። እቶም ርኢቶታትካ ዝተኸታተልና፡ ነቲ ጽሑፍ ትቕበሎ ኢኻ ዝብል ትጽቢት ኣይነበረናን። ግን ከኣ ኩሎም ቋንቋታት ኣኽብሮት ዝተሓወሶ፡ ቀጥታውን ቀሊልን ኣኽባርን ኣቀራርባ ተጠቐም እዮም ዝብሉ። ብርግጽ ባህልና እውን ሸምጣጢ ዘለፋ ኣየተኣናግድን እዩ። ስለ’ዚ ክትብሎ እትደሊ ብቐጥታ ነቲ ሰብ እንተበልካዮ ጽቡቕ እዩ።
      ሓንቲ እትደጋግማ ልኡኻት ህግድፍ…እትብል እያ። ኣዝዩ ብሉይ ኣተሓሳስባ እዩ። ንርእስኻ ምቕልቓል ኣቢኻስ ክስቶ ልኡኽ እዩ፡ ክስቶ ከኣ ለኣኺ ክትብለናስ ኣየሕፍርን እንዶ። ስደት ጽቡቕ እዩ ኮኸባይ። ሰባት ብዘይነግፈረግ ክጀሃሩን ዱድ ክብሉን ይኽእሉ እዮም። “ዘርባዕባዕ…” ዝብሉ ቃላት መስሓቓት እዮም። ሎሚ ሓሳባት ምምንጫው እዩ ሓይልና። እቲ ተባዕ ኣውን ‘ኮ ብልዙብ ሓሳባትን ብኣብነትን እዩ ንብጾቱን ንህዝቡን ትብዓት ዝምህር።

      • Kokhob Selam

        ክቡር ማሕሙዳይ :-እዛ መልስኻ ኩላ ከምዘላታ ኩሉ ዓቃል ከንብባ ገዲፈያ ኣለኹ :ንስኻ ውን ደጊምካ ኣንብባ ::

        01.ዘይበልኩዎ እሞ ንቅንጸላ ዝተጠቀምካሉ :
        02.ንስውኣት ዘኪርካ ጸረ ስውኣትና ከምዝኾንኩ ክትምዝምዝ ዝፈተካዮ ( ክፋል ኣረፍተ ነገር ወሲድካ ) –
        03.ሰባት ዘኪርካ ኣንጻረይ ክሓስቡን ኣንጻሮም ምዃነይ ምጥቃስካ –
        04.ንጥፍኣት ህግደፍ ምስ ልዕላውነት ኣተኣሳሲርካ ንሃገር ምድምሳስ ከምዘይግደስ ምሕባርካ –
        05. ነቲ ኣብ መሪር ተጋድሎ ዝኸሰብክ ዎ ነብሰ ምትእማማን ከም ነብሰ ምዕባይ ምግላጽካ –
        06. ነቲ ናይ ውድባት ፍልልያትን ጎንጽታትን ምስ ናይ ወጽኢ ሓይሊ ምትእትታው ዝኣክል ከቢድ ገበን ማዕረ ክትሪኦን ምፍታንካ :-
        ወዘተ እሞ ኣንብቦ ኣብ ሞንጎ መትከላዊኣካይዳንይ መትከላዊ ኣካይዳኻን ዘሎ ፍልልይ ክትዕዘቦ ኢኻ
        ኣነ ክሳብ ኩሉ ሰብ ዘንብበንን ክዕገስ መሪጸ ኣለኹ : ብመዓልቱ ድማ ዝብሎ ክህልወኒ እዩ ::

        • tes

          Dear KS,

          Let me interject here please. I think you are portraying an image of stating what you wanted to be while ignoring others have also the right to say what they wanted to be.

          In your previous comment you put, “እዋእ ወላ ‘ቲ ብቀደሙ ‘ውን እኮ ኣሜሪካ ዶ ብርጣንያ ዶ “ኣብ ትሕቲ ኢትዩጵያ ኣእትየናና “‘ዝብል ብሂላት ሓሶት ጥራይ ዘይኮነስ ናይ ሓሶታት ‘ውን ቁንጮ ሓሶት እዩ ::” Is this your political stand or just a rebuttal of the approach proposed by EYSC?

          Are you not aware that British, instead of either continuing to administer Eritrea or give it its deserved freedom put Eritrean future under business bargain? Don’t you believe that British even further went of proposing Eritrea to be divided into two parts and join with respective countries based on religious and geographical affiliations?

          Are you not aware that USA came after then and simply because of her strategic interest favored Federation with Ethiopia instead of supporting full freedom of Eritrea as an independent nation?

          Do not go further in the Eritrean elites political disagreements at that time. We are now just taking on external intervention.

          To brief my stand, as long us we remain weak and divided, everyone will come. by implication, And anyone comes we should not deny that NO ONE HAS COME. Equally will also be true now. If we are as we are now today, Ethiopia will not hesitate to intervene in our own problems. If we remain strong no matter how divided we are internally no one can intervene.

          How can you then portray that no one intervened so far and no one will does in the future. Can’t you learn from Syria’s case? Because of Assad’s barbaric action and a divided opposition to rescue their own people, today Russia is bombing the opposition forces and the Western bloc(US, France etc) are bombing everyone. Alas this won’t happen in Eritrea.

          Dear Kokhob Selam, everyone is reading yes and I read it what you wrote and I can see your major flaw which is consistency (Abyssinia Syndrome).


          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear tes,

            you and me have already discussed on this subject several times. I think we both should respect our common agreed points and leave this subject for now. the reason I am saying is we are repeating all over again and we are always not coming together. but let me clear for you once and for all why I oppose those who are blaming the opposition who have office in Ethiopia.

            01. Allowing external force to enter Eritrea was not as easy as this time. if someone is not responsible and is only after revenges he don’t need to ask Ethiopia. I can send you the address of those who want to destroy PFDJ supporting any force from Eritrea. promise! you will see then when the wet and dry will burn all over. This is no an Eritrean choice- not me and not you will agree.

            02. Ethiopian government is concerned first for of Ethiopian people interest but is completely convinced Eritrea is a free nation and the intention of taking Eritrea back is no more in their agenda unless Eritrea people couldn’t manage due to PFDJ failed admin and are willing to join. you can make your research on this yourself and you will find it to be true. in fact those who oppose Ethiopian government are after Assab if not possible the entire Eritrea.

            03.Eritrean opposition are not from the same back ground and differences are natural. but the sad thing is some are using the same old style of blaming and labeling others. for example I don’t see any single man among the real fighters who went to Addis and who have office in Ethiopia with an idea that let Eritrea be under Ethiopia. in fact I can show you from the other side who were killers and who fail to fight PIA inside but are still in their dictatorial nature trying to hold the entire opposition – this is even the reason why united opposition is not going practical at this moment.

            My friend their are two ways of facing problems. one is holding suspicion, doubt and fear and the other is wisdom and trust on self. the suspicious group is attracting more suspicious people who are frighten of their shadow while the group with wisdom eventually will have the stronger hand. the reason is simple, if you are the one who is controlling your case their is no way others will take from you. the opposition who are having office in Ethiopia should go a head armed and controlling fully their job to ward forcing Eritrean leave the nation.

            regarding the past I don’t believe US or any other country had decided on our fate. as I told you no external force will force you to be colonized unless you allow them to enter. it is always your choice, even when they govern you it is you who open the way to them.

            As I have been telling you, everybody is free to have his party. everybody has his own way of solving problems. unity don’t mean to have only one party it mean to work toward on aim even from different angles. if you think you can go to fight PFDJ without opening office in Addis go a head and I will not blame you or label you for opening office in Sudan -for example. but just because I don’t fallow your style you should not blame me and destroy my name as if I am supporting any other agenda. I mean let us not force others for their believe for any tactic of struggle they proceed.

            now, for how long are you guys to talk in the same subject and allowing PFDJ to survive. do you know how many people are silent and are not joining opposition due to those blames ? a lot !

          • tes

            Dear Kokhob Selam,

            First I support all kinds of struggle to weed-out PFDJ from all dimensions and from all places. Let PFDJ be weeded-out. Second I see Ethiopia as a strategic location not as a strategic partner to remove PFDJ. As far as Ethiopia allows us a place there is no problem. The problem arises when we consider Ethiopia as a strategic partner to solve our own problems.

            You are much aware what those opportunists are trying to do. they try to dismiss Ethiopian historical crimes and bless her for her good doings; Worse they stoop and beg her as a SAVIOUR. Agreed?

            Then lets come to main point: Do not go further I just pointed to specific historical facts. And now you seem to aggrandize the sanity of US and UK.

            Let me question you this: “Do you believe that Eritreans invited UK during WWII in order to remove Italian colonization from Eritrea?

            Are you not knowledgeable enough in the 1950s Eritreans were left to bargain their fate? I am quite confident that you know what a political bargain is. Once there is a political bargain, everybody will play to win his interest. Why then are you completely forgetting this historical fact and blame the people as if they invited others?

            Don’t you believe that Eritreans deserve their independence in the 1950s now matter how badly prepared they were?

            With all respect I didn’t forget who you are but your respeonses are urging to question you as such.

            Another point, remember that there are political thinkers who dismiss the necessity of Eritrean struggle and when I ask you as I did I was also considering these thinkers approach.

            With respect.


          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear tes,

            do you believe you closed our long argument today. now the first one is over the case is closed you have said it “Second I see Ethiopia as a strategic location not as a strategic partner to remove PFDJ” so for now the question is answered.

            regarding the 2nd point, the history ..the external interference I can’t help you if you are not aware of that every event is our choice. external forces only have minor place and are only coming in when the door is open. it is painful but you should know this one example – the man whose name is Abdulkadir Kebire was going for final meeting but he was killed. the death of this man has changed a lot. of course the killer is Eritrean (he may have been sent by Ethiopians) but this has opened a big door to external forces. do you think UN was not fallowing the even? they were, if Eritreans killed the man who was chosen to represent them for freedom, then there are people who prefer unity with Ethiopia, they will say. who opened the virus to the body? someone from us. did our people catch and kill him? no they are quite. the virus becomes stronger, yes then you know all the story. one man was killed but thousands fallow him to get free nation. the son of Andnetawi was also a fighter, isn’t it. it all was our choice my friend. as I old you when you chose based in doubt and suspicious mind the result is disastrous. when you chose based in statistical and logical knowledge combined with wisdom you get good reuslt.

            what about IA who brought him for example? who brought him. you may not be one of those who brought him but you are part of the mass. do you know who gave him all those chances? we. we allow him to play. every government is the choice of of people. every external force who enters is the choice of people.

          • tes

            Dear Kokhob Selam,

            First do not think that I have closed our argument; We have never argued on the path we follow. from the very beginning I never argued on “all places possible choice”. You and me still have another big argument and that is the Abyssinia Syndrome*. Lets not touch that chapter again.

            Lets come to today’s argument;

            You wrote, ” the man whose name is Abdulkadir Kebire was going for final meeting but he was killed. the death of this man has changed a lot. of course the killer is Eritrean (he may have been sent by Ethiopians) but this has opened a big door to external forces.” Here is my case point.

            How do you see Ethiopia at that time? Wasn’t it an external interference? If we are on the same understanding, external intervention is not only the big powers: if Ethiopia involved in our case it is external; the same is true if Djibouti does, Sudan does, what ever country outside the territory of Eritrea.

            I know Ethiopia for you is not external. I know that. You have said it so many times Ethiopia and Eritrea are one (your Abyssinia’s syndrome).

            The rest you have just said what I said. if we stay weak, anybody will come. It is as if somebody is unhealthy and is susceptible to all kinds of bacterial attacks.

            Just clarify whether those who favored Andent were pushed by Ethiopia or not?


          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear tes,

            “How do you see Ethiopia at that time? Wasn’t it an external interference? If we are on the same understanding, external intervention is not only the big powers: if Ethiopia involved in our case it is external; the same is true if Djibouti does, Sudan does, what ever country outside the territory of Eritrea.” can’t help tes, I can’t and sure nature can’t help. the external force you are mentioning, didn’t come for justice and will not come. you are the one who should be very careful.

            let me give you one very good example, TPLF interfered in our 2ndary contradiction and supported EPLF. who allow TPLF to enter in our case? I can’t help, but it is EPLF leadership who will be called for justice in due time not TPLF. yes, see the result, EPLF leadership went to Asmara leading the entire people but where is that freedom now? who is paying the price? the mass because EPLF is part of the mass. unless you cut and throw the same leadership you will continue paying, there is a big price to be paid to nature.there is something wrong and unacceptable work had been done. do yo get me?

            PFDJ is not legal party destroying it by force is not a crime as far as you are sure of you power , you can get any support from any other force. but still allowing others to come armed to Eritrea may not be acceptable depending the circumstances. there might be time where PFDJ is dangerous to the region at large, then it is not your choice — leave alone Ethiopia even Djibouti Sudan and the entire region may come and eat PFDJ – who cares.” ምኸሮ ምኸሮ ኣይፍል ተለ መከራ ይምከሮ ” ይብሉ ነበሩ ኣያ ይስሓቕ :: they are free to do so if PFDJ will not stop it’s disturbance and childish movement in horn. are you going to blame opposition?

          • tes

            Dear Kpkhob Selam,

            Com’on Kokhob. though you deviated from the main question you came out with an excellent historical fact.

            You wrote, “TPLF interfered in our 2ndary contradiction and supported EPLF. who allow TPLF to enter in our case?”. Well yes they intervened and they played their divisive role and we are as we are today. TPLF was guilty for that. Had TPLF stayed from our own problems may be then ELF and EPLF could have settled their difference through mutual understanding. Instead EPLF called for TPLF support and put his hand to kill our beloved fighters.

            from your own historical pool, still the notion ESEP (to use haile TG’s abbrevaiation) is the only sustainable solution we have.

            On your comment you put ” but still allowing others to come armed to Eritrea may not be acceptable depending the circumstances.” Be firm here: is it acceptable or not?

            And who will allow? And why?

            You are mentioning about regional security. That is different issue. If Eritrea is creating havoc to neighboring countries let them deal with it. It is every country’s right to secure her country. What we are talking here is Eritrean problems and we should deal with it.

            Suppose Ethiopia has a problem and the source of the problem is coming from Eritrea, no other country can come and replace Ethiopia to solve her own problems that is caused because of Eritrea.

            Therefore lets be clear.

            I am still waiting your direct response to my previous questions.

            Was the killing of AbdelKadir Kebir free of Ethiopian(meaning external) intervention?


          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear tes,

            I am not against ESEP at all. in fact I have mentioned several times the historical crime done by EPLF in solving our internal confilict. I am a great believer of cause and effect when comes to the material world and in this special case, I believe and I was believing Eritrea will not get peace until we totally surrender for truth. no exception but everyone of us for not rejecting the interference of TPLF + for not bringing the decision makers for justice till now( I can forget everything and forgive everyone but when comes to this one I will never forgive any one including to my self ) you know what I mean. -ኩሉ ኤርትራዊ መጥሓን ተሰኪሙ ኣብ ውግእ ሕድሕድ ንዝተሰውኡ ደቂ ሃገር ይቅሬታ ክሓትት ኣለዎ :- እቲ ምንታይ ሲ ብውሑዱ ኣብ ግዜ ናጽነት ወሰንቲ ምትእትታው ወያነ ናብ ነጻ ቤት ፍርዲ ከቅርቦም ነይርዎ . so my stand is clear when comes to ESEP. not now but since ever that is my stand.

            now who, which party has allowed the Ethiopian government to solve our problem? show me one. If the situation was the other way round and EPLF is opposition they will kill even the nation totally and let Ethiopia inter. but today EPLF is not there. yes, there are some who came out of PFDJ but they were there when the confilict of EPLF and TPLF started and are not able to do anything. but I didn’t come across any party that allows Ethiopia to come armed and join them.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Kokhob,

            It only shows that the same people looking at “different Eritrea” with different set of mind. one with “isolationist mirror” and the other with “inter-dependent mirror” completely difficult to reconcile as they stood now. I will not be bothered of having that difference if there could be civilized debate, for at one point it will somehow converge with time and space. What I hate is, even those who look knowledgeable can’t even stop name calling. So just stay with you position, at the end, peace and normalization between the two countries is inevitable.

            Amanuel Hidrat

          • tes

            Dear Amanuel H.,

            Forget now about the isolationist mirror. Do we have an independent mirror or not? Why are you purposefully shading away the existence of “Independent Mirror”. Eritrean solutions for Eritrean problems is an independent mirror: we have problems, lets solve it. SIMPLE and POINT.

            We have three mirrors at hand:

            1. Isolotionist mirror
            2. Dependent mirror
            3. Inter-dependent miror
            4. Independent-mirror

            From all these mirrors, we have all the right to chose from.

            If you are dealing on logical reasoning stay logical only then logic civilized debate can flourish.


          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear tes,
            you know what? you have freedom to chose. please chose and do it. and let others chose the way they want and do it. and let’s see which one is practical.that is all. if you or your party will move one stone in Eritrea, for sure I will join you.

          • tes

            Dear Kokhob Selam,

            This is not the question now. We are arguing on principles. While dealing on principles, everything should be visualized.


          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear tes,
            honestly speaking my principle is first and most I am against those illegal people. nothing makes me mad except when a women get pregnant illegally. is that okay for you. everything PFDJ do is illegal I can make peace with any one in this world except with this group. and everything that prolongs the life of PFDJ is not my way. Thanks and we have closed our debate. fallow any style you want and I will any style I want.

        • Mahmud Saleh

          Selam KS
          “ኣነ ክሳብ ኩሉ ሰብ ዘንብበን ክዕገስ መሪጸ ኣለኹ : ብመዓልቱ ድማ ዝብሎ ክህልወኒ እዩ ”
          ቀደም ሲ እንታይ ይበሃል ነሩ? ታህዲድ ኑስፈልዓመል። ንተጻይካ “ምድሃል ሲ ፍርቂ ናይቲ ክተድመዖ እትደሊ ዕማም እዩ” ከም ማለት እዩ። መልሰይ ኣብቲ ዓምዲ ኣሎ ሰብ ኣብ ዝደለዮ ከንብቦ ይኽእል እዩ። በዓለይ ዝጸሓፍክዎ ስለዝኾነ ድማ ደጋጊመ ምንባብ ኣየድልየንን (እንደገና እቲ ናይ ምንእኣስ ኣመል ኮይኑካ እምበር “ደጊምካ ኣንብቦ”ስ ናይ ምስትሕቓር ኣመት የመልክት። ብዝኾነ፡ ናዓይ ዘሸግረኒ ከምዚ ዓይነት ኣዝዩ ብሉይ ኣረኣእያ ሒዝካ፡ ንናይ ሰማንያታት ቅርሕንቲ ነኺስካስ ያኢ ንናይ ሎሚ ሽግራት ኤርትራ ክትፈትሓለይ!!?? ወዳጄ እዩ ዘብል። ኾኾባይ፡ እቲ ቖፎ ንህቢ ወይ Pandora Box ኣብ ዘይግዚኡን ክሕዝዎን ክጻወርዎን ብዘይክእሉ ሰባትን ምስ ዝኽፈት ጸገም እዩ ዘስዕብ። ኣነን ንስኻን ኣብዚ ንናይ ሎሚ ሽግራት ኤርትራ ክፈትሕ ዘይክእል ፖለቲካዊ ቅልውላዋት ሰብዓታትን ሰማንያታትን ክንረዳዳእ ዘይንኽእለሉ ምኽንያታት ኣሎ። ኣነ ብዛዕብኡ ንዝንቡዕ ትረኻኻ ክምልስ እንተዘይኮይኑ ሓንቲ መዓልቲ እውን ትኹን ከም ኣርእስቲ ኣልዒለዮ ኣይፈልጥን። ንስኻ ግን ዕድል ኣብዝረኸብካሉ ግዜ ክጥቅመሉ ጸኒሕካ። ስለእቶም ብዘይካ ናጽነት ህዝቦም ካልእ ዕላማ ዘይነበሮም ንጹሃን ተጋደልትን ኣብ ትሕቲ መሳርዕ ህ.ግ.ዝተሰለፉ ሚሊዮናትን ግን ንወገናውን ዝንቡዕን ትረኻኻ መልሲ ክወሃቦ ምዃኑ ጥራይ ፍለጥ። ብዙሕ ግዜ ነታ መጎጎ ከይንሰብር ክንብል ነታ እንጭዋ ክትመላለስ ገዲፍናያ ኢና። ጎደና ከኣ ገይራቶ። ተቓውሞይ ኣብዘን ዝስዕባ እዩ።
          1. ንስኻ ተቓውሞ እትብሎ መቐጸልታ ናይቲ ቕርሕንቲ ዝሰረቱ ናይ ዘበን እኒ ናይ ውድባት ግጭት ምዃኑ ። ኣረኣእያኻ ብመሰረቱ ንስኒትን ዕርቕን ኤርትራውያን ዝእምት ዘይኮነስ፡ ንሓደ ጎባጢ ስርዓት ኣልዩ ካልእ ጎባጢ ስርዓት ክነግሰሉ ዝኽእል ባይታ ምጥጣሕ እዩ። ርኢቶታትካ፡ ንይምሰል “ሰላም”፡ “ደሞክራሲ”፡ “ፍትሒ” ወዘተ ዝብላ ቓላትን ንዕአን ዘሰንዩ ሓረጋትን ዝተነስነሶም ይኹኑ እምበር፡ ኩሉ ወጀሃትካ ናይ ቂምን ሕነ-ምፍዳይን እዩ ዘርኢ። ሓንቲ መዓልቲ እውን ትኹን፡ 1981-1991 (ንዓስርተ ዓመታት) ዝበዝሐ ኤርትራዊ ንናጽነት ክቃለስ እንከሎ ብድሕሪት ብከምዚ ናትካ ናይ ቂምታ መንፈስ ዝሰዓሮም ዚጋታ ዝግበር ዝነበረ ቃጻን ዝባኸነ ሂወትን ንብረትን ብነቐፌታ ርኢኻዮ ኣይትፈልጥን። ጌጋ እዩ ነይሩ ኢልካ ኣይትፈልጥን። ብኣንጻሩ ኣረኣእያኻን ኣመለኻኽታኻን ካብቲ ናይ 1981 ነቅ ኣይበለን። ቀድሚ ናጽነት ታርጌትካ ሻዕብያ እዩ ነይሩ ። ድሕሪ ናጽነት እውን ታርገትካ እቲ “መቀጸልታ ናይ ሻዕብያ” እትብሎ ህግድፍ እዩ። ንናይ ሎሚ ሽግራት ዘየተኣናግድ ጸቢብ እተሓሳስባ ሒዝካስ ደሞክራሲ ‘ሮ መንደፍ ክትዝምር ኣየምሕረልካን እዩ። ኣይኮነን ደሞክራስን ፍትሕን ንዕኡ ክቕበል ዝኽእል መንፈስ ይኾን ሓንጎል ኣይረኣኹልካን። እዚ ብውልቂ ንዓኻ ዝምልከት እዩ። እቲ ዘሕዝን ድማ እቲ ደምበ ፍትሒ ዝበሃል በኸምዚ ኣረኣእያ ዘለዎም ባእታታት ስለዝተዓብለለ እዩ ኣብ “ጋም-ማን” ወይ “መካነክ ረውሕ” ለሚሱ ዘሎ። Mአሪሕነት ሰውራ ኤርትራ ዝፈጸሞ ገበናት ብዙሕ ክኸውን ይኽእል። ኣነ ዘገድሰኒ እቲ ምእንቲ ህዝቡ መከራ ዝተሰኸመ ኣባል ሕ/ሰብና (ተጋዳላይ ይኹን ሲቪል)እዩ- ኣብ ኩለን ውድባት ኤርትራ ዝነጥፍ ዝነበረ ብዘያፈላላይ።
          2. ንኢትዮጵያውያ ክትሕጉስ እትስንድዎም ኣቐባጠርትን ኣሳሰይትን ሓሳባትን ርኢቶታትን ንጽቡቕ ጉርብትናን እንተዝነብሩ ጽቡቕ ምኾነ። እንተኾነ ግን፡
          ሀ. ህዝቢ ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ዝፈላልዮም የለን ሓደ እዮም ክትብል ትሰብኽ። ኣሕዋትና እዮም ትብለና። እቲ ብደምን ብምጥልላምን ዝፍለጥ ዝምድና ከም ወሃ ዘበለ ጌርካ ትገልጾ። ብወገነይ ኣብ መንጎ እቲ መስኪን ኣህዛብ ዘሎ ክምዕብልን ክዓሙቕን እንደልዮ ዝምድናታት ካብቲ ኣብ መንጎ መንግስታትን ካድረታቶምን ዘሎ ዝምድና ክንፈልዮ ኣለና እየ ዝብል። ልክዕ ከምቲ ኣብ ክሉ ዶባት ሃገራት ኣፍሪቃ ዝነብሩ ኣህዛብ ዝህልዎም ርክብ እዩ። ዓፈር ኤርትራ ምስ ዓፈር ጅቡትን ኢትዮጵያን ናይ ደም ይኹን ባህልን ርክባት ኣለዎም። ቢንዓምርን በዳውየትን ኤርትራ እውን ከምኡ ምስ ሱዳን። ንስኻ ግን ኤርትራስ ያኢ ሓደ ባህሊ ከምዘለዋ (ባህሊ ሓበሻ) ኣብ ኣዲስ ኣበባ ጓና ኮይኑ ዝስመዖ ኤርትራዊ የለን ክትብለኒ ይዝከረኒ። ካልእ’ሞ ንግደፎ፡ እምበር ከ እቲ ኣብ ገጠራት ሰራየን ኣከለጉዛይን ዝነብር ሓበሻ ኤርትራዊስ ኣብ ኣዲስ ኣይጋየሽን እዩ ዲኻ ትብል ዘለኻ። እዚ ኩሉ መሬት ኤርትራ ዝኾለለ ኮኸባይ ደኣ እንታይ ወሪዱዎ ኣብ ምባል በጺሐ። ባህሊ ኤርትራ እንታይ እዩ ኢለ እንተዝሓተካ መልሲ ከምዘይብልካ እፈልጥ እየ። ምኽንያቱ ኤርትራ ባህሊ ዘይኮነስ ባህልታት እዩ ዘለዋ። እቲ ነገር ናይ ምምስሳል ወይ ዘይምምስሳል ባህልታት ዘይኮነስ፡ እቶም ትማሊ ብደም ትሓቶም ዝነበርካ ሕወሓት፡ ሎሚ ኣጎራብቱኒ ኣባ ክትብሎም ተቕርቦ ዘለኻ ካልእ ለማንን ደናንን ኣበሃህላታት እዩ። ናይ ጥዕና እውን ኣይኮነን። ስለ’ዚ፡ ንነገራት ካብ ምትሕልላኽ ካልእ ዘምጸኦ ፋይዳ የብሉን። ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ክልተ ልኡላውያን ሃገራት እየን። ኣብ መንጎአን ዝግበር ርክባት ድማ ልክዕ ኣህጉራዊ ሕጊ ዝኽተል ይኸውን።
          ለ. ኣብ ፖለቲካ፡ ደጋጊመ ከምዝበልክዎ ናይ ቦታ ኣይኮነን እቲ ጉዳይ። እቲ ጉዳይ ናይ ናጽነት ውሳነ ይህልወካ’ዶ ኣይህልወካን እዩ። እቲ ነገር ግሁድ እዩ። ሎሚ፡ ብሰንኪ ናይ ሃበሬታ ሰውራ፡ ነገራት ተሸፋፊኖም ዝኸዱሉ ወይ ካብ ካድረታት መደረ እንጽበየሉ ግዜ ኣይኮነን። ንርእዮ ኣለና። ኣሕዋትናን ኣዕሩኽትናን ኣለውዎ። ነመያየጠሉ ኣሎና። ስለ’ዚ፡ እዩ ድማ ኣብ ኤትዮጵያ ይኹን ኣብ ወርሒ፡ ኤርትራውያን ንጉዳያቶም ኢድ ባዕዲ ከእትዉሉ የብሎምን ዝበሃል ዘሎ። ብዘይካ እቶም ብፍቓድ ኢትዮጵያ እንተዘይኮይኑ ህግድፍ ክንስዕር ኣይንኽእልን ዝብሉ፡ ብዘይካ እቶም ኣብ ዝባን ኢትዮጵያ ተሓንጊሮም ክኣትዉ ዝደልዩ ውሑዳት ኩሎምካልኦት ኣብ ኢትዮጵያ ይኹን ኣም ማርስ ዘለዉ እቲ ጉዳይ ቀሊል እዩ። ንላዘብ፡ ንስመር፡ ንሰማማዕ፡ ጉዳይና ባዕልና ንወንኖ እዩ ዝበሃል ዘሎ። ከምኡ ምባል ድማ ገበን ኣይኮነን። ንዝኾነ ሰናይ ልቦና ዘለዎ ወገን ዝወቅስ ኣይኮነን። ምኽንያቱ ኣብ ኢትዮጵያ ቤት ጽሕፈት ምግባር ዝቃወም የለን። እቲ ቤት ጽሕፈት ብትዮጵያዊ ጀነራል ምስ ዝምእዘዝ ግን ሰበብ ኣሎ።

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear brother Mahmuday,
            ሕጂ ‘ውን ዝገደደ መርገጻትካ ናብ ኣንባቢ ኢኻ ገሊጽካ እምበር ወላ ካብ ውድቀት ክተምልጥ ኣይከኣልካን :: እቲ ጸገም ፈቲኻ ዘጥረኻዮ ስለዘይኮነ እርኑብን ትርጉም ዘለዎ ኣተኣላልያ የድልዮ እዩ ::ፍልልያትና ተጻራሪ እዩ ክብል ኣይደልን እየ : ግን ከኣ ብሰንኪ ዘለኒ ነብሰ ምትእምማንን ዝኸበቡኒ ብጾትን ኩሉ ጎንጽታት ከም ተደላይነቱ ብዓወት ሓቂ ከምዝረጋገጽ ኣዝየ እየ ዝኣምን:: ስለዚ ሕጂ ‘ውን እስከ ግዜን ዕድልን ክህበካ እሞ ነቲ ካብ ድሑራት መራሕትኻ ዝተመርዝካዮ ቀታሊ ኣተሓሳስባታት ወጽእካ ናብ ልብኻ ክትምለስ – ገለ ካብ ኣዝዮም ዝመሽመሹ ሜላታትካ መእንቲ ክትጉሕፍ ብተስፋ ክጽበ:: ኢንፉሌንዛ ህግደፍ ንኽለቀኩም ዝተዓገስናዮ ዶ ውሒዱ : -ኣብ ሕጂ በጺሐ ኣይህወኽን እየ ኣረጊት ሕማም ፖሎቲካ እናደገሰካ እምበር ዓቢ ሰብ እንዲኻ ::

          • Mahmud Saleh

            መርሓብ ኮኸባይ
            ካብኡ ሓሊፍካ እንታይ ክትብል? እንተ እቲ ጸርፍታት ኣይናተይን እዩ። ኣብኡ ኣይጨማለቕን እየ። ብዛዕባ ፖለቲካዊ ኣረኣእያ እንተኾይኑ ግን እነሆ ፈረስ እነሆ ጎልጎል። ብቓላትካ ኢኻ ትተሓዝ ‘ዚ ዓርከይ። እንተ እቲ ታህዲድ…ደሓን። ለሚደዮ እየ። ተስፋ ዝህቡ ኤርትራውያን ክሳብ ዘለዉ፡ ዕድል ኤርትራን ህዝባን ኣብ ዊንታን ሕልምን ውሑዳት ቂምተኛታት ተንጠልጢሉ ኣይተርፍን እዩ።

          • Kokhob Selam

            ማሕሙዳይ :

            ኣንታ ሰብ ንምንታይ ኢኻ ታህዲድ ዶ ነብሰ ምልዓል ዶ ዝብሉ ቃላት ትደጋግም ? እዋእ ኣነን ንስኻን እኮ እሂም ምሂም ክንበሃሃል ኢና ንፍትን ዘለና – እንታይ ኮይንካ ኢኻ ፍንጭራዕ ትብል ዘለኻ ? ጀብሃን ህዝባዊ ንግባርን እኮ ናይ ህዝቢ እየን ነይረን :- ከይደን እየን ከኣ : ብህግደፍ ተተኪአን እየን – ኣካይዳና ልክዕ እንተትነብር እኮ ኣብዚ ደረጃ ውድቀት ኣይምሃለናን :: እሞ ምስ ‘ዚ ኩሉ ልብኻ ንምታይ ኢኻ ከም ቶም ኣዝዮም ዝበስበሱ መራሕቲ ህግደፍ ትዛረብ ስማዕ ባ ንሸይጣንን ንረብን ዶ ብሓንቲ ሕሞት ትምእዞዞም ኢኻ ? መርገጽካ ኣነጺርካ እንዶ ጠጠው በል ዓርኩ !

  • Gogo

    Selam Miriam,
    An interesting read. your ideas make a lot of sense, and I am sure you will find a lot of receptive ears and open hearts back home, especially when you get them translated in the vernaculars and get it aired in the radios. Many people tune in to such radios as Forum, Erena and Assenna. I also would like to tell you that you guys have raised a lot of hopes among many people and i hope you will make good of these expectations. Work aggressively to network with people inside; take risks to penetrate government and front institutions (including the ypfdj, the national union of Eritrean youth and students and other government affliated institutions: heed to Saay’s ‘no Eritrean left behind’ advice); recruit students from within the colleges (there are thousands of students in these colleges, and they are not hopeless bunches who look at escaping the country as the only way out….they just need some one who gives them hope, direction and instrument); and please do a lot of organizing, organizing and organizing. These would do the magic.

    On the question of Eritrean solutions to Eritrean problems I found it puzzling why it is even debatable. Is not it obvious that it should be that way? What case could possibly be made for embedded opposition? The resistance you guys are facing might be the function of the apocalyptic anxiety which has overwhelmed some of our compatriots. The situation at home is indeed as frighteningly grave as it could be, but we can survive and overcome it. If Rwanda survived its catastrophic genocide, if South Africa overcome its ugly apartheid, if countries which were poster-child of violence and civil strife in Africa, such as Angola (many eritreans are investing there) could overcome their problems, why not us. We fought and chose to be independent and we should carry it burden. we can not act like freed slaves who return to their ex-masters for direction. our problem is ‘human too human’ and it cant be resolve by some sort some sort of dues ex machina in the form of an intervening/supporting neighbor.


  • Negash

    Greetings Miriam September,

    When you say “Eritrean solutions for Eritrean Problems”, it is obvious to any Eritrean that you mean the struggle to topple the regime should not be based in Ethiopia. I don’t mean to minimize what you wrote.

    Having said that, we are where we are because it is up to us to bring about change in Eritrea. If it was up to the Ethiopians, they would have probably done it a long time ago. What is there to prevent them? Neither the Eritrean army nor the international community. But from what I have understood thus far, Ethiopians want us to own our problems and deal with them by ourselves. I have read there has been a lot of meddling in the opposition groups based in Ethiopia but chances are that the opposition groups brought that on to themselves.

    “Eritrean solutions for Eritrean Problems” is a divisive slogan or proposal or plan, whatever it is. “By all means necessary with the exception of 1, 2, 3, etc.” is a better approach because that encompasses most Eritreans. For example, one exception would be “we cannot invite an outside invading army.” These kinds of exceptions would exclude very few Eritreans. But we should solicit any material or logistical help from any country willing to help. PFDJ is fighting us with every trick in the book and any means known to man. Why can’t we use the tools that we have in the toolbox, which includes soliciting help from Ethiopia and basing our on the ground operations there in close proximity? Writing well articulated article after another will never bring about change in Eritrea because the vast majority of Eritreans do not read such articles.

    I realize that your article is primarily a rebuttal to one written on Assenna recently by Tesfamichael Kidane. Here is how he concludes and I am hoping you can defend your positions in light of this:

    Begin Quote:

    We very well know that most of this group’s (Eritrean solutions for Eritrean problems, emphasis mine) members are banging the dictator’s door to beg for a ‘peaceful solutions’ to our country’s problems, despite the evidence to the contrary and his decades old mischief and chicanery. Could it be a sideswipe at the brave Eritreans who are fighting tooth and nail to save Eritrea? Or are they expressing their displeasure that some are based in Ethiopia and therefore, Woyane stooges? Effectively repeating the dictators propaganda to his delight? Perhaps so!

    At their next pilgrimage, they have a right to gather in the moon under the same slogan, if that is what it takes to ‘eliminate dictatorship’, but they don’t have a right to denounce fighters at the gates of Eritrea. To paint Eritrea’s situation as sad is, I think, a pale description.The more fitting picture would have been tragic. Consequently, a tragic situation requires an immediate attention and not a prescription from far away places. It is definitely better to be in the vicinity of Eritrea than a hemisphere away.

    Tesfamichael Kidane

    End Quote.

    • tes

      Dear Tesfamichael,

      I want to highlight two points from your points.

      1. You wrote, “If it was up to the Ethiopians, they would have probably done it a long time ago”. Well as sovereign nation, such ideas can not be entertained. What you are forgetting is history. Ethiopia wanted but defeated. Point. Not necessarily though the war after independence.

      2. You wrote, “Writing well articulated article after another will never bring about change in Eritrea because the vast majority of Eritreans do not read such articles.”. Then what? Are you emphasizing the illiteracy of Eritrean people? Aren’t one of the Eritrean who is able to read this and give your opinion?

      Writing such lines always makes me sick. It is both under-estimating the nation and its people. Can’t we be free from such belittling comments.


      • Abi

        Hi Tes
        No power in the world ever defeated Ethiopia.

        • Ted

          Hi Abi, that only became true after our independence. You’re welcome:-)

          • Abi

            Hi Ted
            The reverse is true. We got our independence. We are the winners as always. You are the whiners as expected.

    • native


      I just don’t understand how a belief that says “Let’s be the owners of our solution” can be so divisive. Anything can be made controversial if one wants to. Your statement simply is that: just make the slogan tainted in some way.

      You say, “[the slogan] is obvious to any Eritrean that you mean the struggle to topple the regime should not be based in Ethiopia.” Just how, sir? How? I assume you and I are in the West. According to your understanding of the notion, we do not qualify to struggle from here as well. Why just Ethiopia then, why not also, say, Madagascar? What is this obsession with Ethiopia?

      Why is it if a well-respected slogan carried by patriotic fathers (Raesi Tesema, as Saay eloquently put it above) is carried by a person or group you happen to have a problem with (understandably from your statements and the cited writer) that the idea is also a problem.

      Everything is driven by interest. If Ethiopia or US or EU helps, it is with their own interest. Here is one for you: EU tried to reason with the “dictatorial” regime to stop the flow of refugees. That is what is called interest and it can turn on a dime. Just make sure you are also looking out for your own interest. That is the message of the slogan. Miriam tried to reason but so much hate around. If only we can see that we are all suffering together and Enda Ayte Isaias are chuckling watching our bickering here.

      I hate the feeling of thinking I am struggling because I wrote this.

      • Negash

        Hi Native, I am not Tesfamichael. I am Negash. It is a quote I put there. I deleted his name because it caused some confusion with someone else too.

        • native

          Apologies Negash.

      • saay7

        Hi Native:

        Well. The reason that you may not understand why something as basic as “Eritrean solutions for Eritrean problems” (let’s be the owners of our agenda) can be controversial is because you are not familiar with all the drama associated between those who advocate it and those who are opposed to them (as opposed to their message.). By you and Gogo and Ted and me endorsing this message, we have inserted ourselves into a family dispute that we either don’t know about our don’t care about.

        We have gotten to a point that obvious observations are hugely controversial only because of WHO advocated it and WHO is opposed to it. And who is opposed to it?

        1. Those who see that as rejecting or negating any role for Ethiopia.
        2. Those who are convinced that change will never come from inside Eritrea.
        3. Those who believe that “Eritrean solutions for Eritrean problems” is rejectionist
        4. Those who are convinced that Ethiopia will have a supersized role and to reject that is to reject change and to excuse status quo.
        5. Those who believe this is a cheap marketing ploy, a positioning statement.


        • native

          Thank you Saay for putting it in perspective.

          I have to admit I don’t know the deep intricacies of the dispute but I have followed it for a while and genuinely tried to learn about it from both sides with “no special affiliation” to any side but with an open honest friendship. But I could NEVER come to convince myself that this is bigger than a strategy difference. No side could convincingly say it failed because of the other; actually after 14 years we have all failed. (I know there are many that believe they have accomplished this or that but it just simply shows how low our bar has gotten.) No side could no longer even take the honest higher road of reasoning without being implicated with some hidden dishonest agenda. I honestly thought Miriam laid it out for everyone to see what she believes the notion means to her, how she took what was said to her etc. I guess it is not enough.

          So, my humble curious thoughts for those with the concerns that you outlined are:

          (2) and (4) sound more like strategy questions to me. Ideas we shouldn’t fight about but move on with our individual plans.

          For (1) and (3), if hgdef abhors Ethiopia, and I choose not to involve Ethiopia, does that make me a hgdef sympathizer or a hgder incarnate as some comments try to imply?

          (5) hmmm… if a “marketing ploy”, then who is the clientele? (This made me giggle a little bit)

          My frustration:

          If I don’t believe in your strategy, then why do you have to assume I am against you?

          I believe success speaks for itself and it doesn’t need to diminish others; in success irrelevant/outside entities simply become faded nuances. This tells me we are not successful collectively.

          • tes

            Dear native,

            I can’t agree more when you say “But I could NEVER come to convince myself that this is bigger than a strategy difference”. Thanks!


  • saay7

    Selamat Miriam:

    This is an impeccable piece: I hope I don’t sound condescending if I say I am very proud of you. I am sorry that your movement has had to endure bullying, cyber and real. To paraphrase a quote I once heard, Eritrea is going to survive Isaias Afwerki; let’s pray it survives and outgrows the vulgarism and bullying associated with his regime.

    Something to add to your piece (and to Eritreanize it for those of us who are not huge fans of the World Bank or the EU: you can find your slogan of “Eritrean solutions for Eritrean problems” articulated by one of the founders of Eritrea.

    One of the greatest books written about Eritrea is by Alemseghed Tesfai. It is “aynfelale”. The title is significant: it was the slogan of an Eritrean paper called “Hanti Ertra” (one Ertrea.). Alemseghed chose to put the pictures of 4 people in the cover, and each one had a persona and a unique lesson for Eritreans forever:

    Woldeab Woldemariam was our scholar, thinker, intellectual;

    Ibrahim Sultan was our politician and activist;

    Abdulkader Kebire was our instructor in patriotism: the first martyr

    Raisi Tesema Asberom was the original “Eritrean solutions for Eritrean problems” as the leader of “Ertra nErtrawian” (Eritrea for Eritreans)

    Their opponents were the Brits (who wanted to bifurcate Eritrea); the Italians (who wanted to linger) and Mahber Andnet (which was owned and operated by Ethiopia.) They lost; Eritrea was annexed by Ethiopia. But the message that the path to true independence was self-reliance and owning your own agenda was a lesson learned by the Eritrean revolutionaries and those who internalized it and guarded it jealously won.

    So you, Miriam, are carrying on a 70 year old Eritrean tradition and God bless you and your colleagues for that.


  • haileTG

    Hello Miriam,

    The concept of “Eritrean solutions to Eritrean problems” isn’t well understood. The article above, I am afraid, hasn’t helped much in clarifying it either. Is it an ideology? Is it a comprehensive plan that is substantively different from any other existing organization (leave the ethnic and Islamists for now)? Is it just a slogan?…

    Clearly, I would have wished you tell us why the other organizations (as mentioned) don’t reflect the values/benefits that you listed. Besides, you have emphasized foreign intervention to a great deal, hence it would help if you say it right out who it is that you consider to be calling for external intervention.

    Do Eritreans in Ethiopia have the civil and political right to struggle against tyranny just as Eritreans in Europe and America? If so, can you lend your support to them? If not, what is the problem?

    Secondly, if the concept as presented “Eritrean solutions to Eritrean problems” is supposed to be with those qualities of benefits, why hasn’t it galvanized the public but left you puzzled in your words ” I may never grasp how a nationalistic political mantra can cause so much unease and anger among our people who I have always known to be very nationalistic at heart. In fact, after joining the ‘opposition’ it was the most unexpected aspect to realise”.

    The general problem, not just your movement, that I observe is that once people cling on to an idea, they would rather throw the baby with the towel than negotiate and be willing to change or at least listen to alternative view points. PFDJ is where it is because it doesn’t listen. PFDJ can write the same set of good motivational bullet points about the benefits of PFDJ, except it will not listen. After receiving and observing such resistance, did you go out to find why that was the case? Did you try to reform your approach? Did you try to evaluate critical views? Those types of disclosures would have helped to give your analysis above some credence.

    The PFDJ has a power driven strategic agenda of maintaining and elongating the conflict situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia. In both Eritrea and Ethiopia there exist sections who do and don’t want normalization between the two countries for various political agenda. From our side, those groups also orbit the PFDJ path of belligerent and confrontational stand towards Ethiopia. Regional peace and cooperation is good for Eritrea as a basic pillar, beyond that it is our problem what we do with our fate. PFDJ’s policy of isolation was cynically employed to destroy the moral of our people, to subject them to subservience and slave like livelihood of no formal employment or old age benefits. It was designed all along to make Eritreans feel insecure, besieged and confused. Your discussion may benefit if you include how you intend to secure regional peace and Eritrea’s rightful place in the global family of nations.

    One side of me suspects that this controversial sloganeering was designed to lure the PFDJ followers into the opposition camp, but needs to figure out how to stop the opposition camp from vacating its place too. Otherwise, there will not be a net benefit.


    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Dear Hailat

      Erirean solution for Eritrean problem is neither an idealogy nor a comprehensive plan. It is a simple slogan akin to Eritrea for Eritreans. No more no less than a simple slogan aimed to galvanize against the opposition in Ethiopia. There is its own history in its formation and its split from its sisterly youth organization. I will not expect Miriam to respond to your well founded questions. Because the reason are obviousThe Eritrean youth akin to the establishment political organization are mired with mistrust and uncompromising opinions.

      • haileTG

        Dear Emma,

        As saay has recently observed, “The Rubicon has been crossed”. Unfortunately, once that path of self interest is set upon, that is the end of reason and rationality and the beginning self serving politics of all mouth no ears. As the old African adage says it “if there is no enemy with in, then the enemy with out can do us no harm”.


        • Amanuel Hidrat


          Yes indeed, “self-serving politics (is) of all mouth (and) no ears”. So far no collective vision, no collective struggle and no learning curve from our failures. We always create an imaginary enemy to fight for. And as we know there is no permanent enemy except permanent interest.


          • haileTG

            Hi Emma,

            The imaginary enemy is actually a crafty political ploy. How do we know who this is aimed to target? What is the purpose of targeting others through such? If the other groups are asking for external interference, why are they organized around the opposite values? The only foreign intervention issue being considered seriously seems by the proponents themselves. What are the scope of influences being addressed anyway (by the proponents)? What is external intervention? Could their very idea be a tool for external interests? Can Eritreans wishing to forge regional alliance by themselves be the one’s seeking Eritrean solution to Eritrean problems and those going for “inward looking” isolationist would indirectly or inadvertently be a tool of outsiders and PFDJ?? Many questions:-)

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Hailat The Great,

            These are the basic questions (your questions as stated above) the Eritrean sloganeers can not address them. Ethiopia is always their presumed enemy – in no particular time and space but ad Infinitum. Let me answer some of your questions in no particular order?

            (A) what is external intervention? An external intervention is when outside party be it a government or a particular group (i) exert a pressure to one disputant to act certain way or (ii) an external force allied with one of the disputant to end the conflict for the purpose of peace.

            (B) The imaginary enemy is – the suspicious presumed enemy, because simply at certain particular time and space was categorized as enemy to the cause of Eritrean people. A simple example in our case is Ethiopia. So any help from Ethiopia to the opposition group who reside in Ethiopia is always of suspicion even if there is no pressure from Ethiopia whatsoever.

            (c) If the other groups are asking for external interference, why are they organized around the opposite values? Because they want to look more Eritreans than them. You see Haile if the target is Issayas and his party PFDJ for both sides, they can still control their destiny even if there is the help from external bodies**. There shouldn’t be opposite values if your strategy is one, to remove the dictator.

            (d) What are the scope of influences being addressed anyway (by the proponents)? Actually, there is no tangible facts from the accusers, nor any kind of influence that could be measured its scope in any geo-strategic exercise.

            (e) Could their very idea be a tool for external interests? No. The very idea as such could not be a tool for external interests. It depend on the subjects (the leaders). They could own their destiny and could still direct it in to mutual benefits, peace, stability, and cooperation.

            (f) Can Eritreans wishing to forge regional alliance by themselves be the one’s seeking Eritrean solution to Eritrean problems and those going for “inward looking” isolationist would indirectly or inadvertently be a tool of outsiders and PFDJ?? The inward looking isolationists can not forge regional alliance by themselves. In order to move with the current dynamics and development, a nation should look inward and outward. Inward to consolidate internal peace and unity; and outward in order to bring peace and cooperation for economic development and stability in the region.

            ** This is not a personal position, but rather am answering your questions and to insinuate that there is a advantage and disadvantage from external interventions (a) examples of advantages the intervention of India for the independence of East Pakistan (Bengladesh) and Tanzania the removal of the dictator Idi Amin in Ugand (b) examples of disadvantages – syria, Libya can be taken.

            Amanuel Hidrat

          • tes

            Dear Amanuel H.

            You penned your opinion (understanding) on what external intervention, the imaginary enemy, etc. are. Well, I also read something that reads “sloganeers.”

            Do you think there will be then a converging zone for diverse views? Or it will continue to be in opposite direction where there will not be any common destiny?


            ++ I am observing the incubation and hatching of gangsters by the name of justice seekers who are even ready to eradicate our entire history and generations that made Eritrea of 1991 to happen simply because Eritrea is as it is as today.

            If you have time kindly listen to this mad-man’s narration. At least YG was trying to be a thinker(?) but this guy was just a bullying person.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam tes,

            The converging view is the removal of the despot by all means from inside and outside.That position gives room to respect the opposite sides view each other and unite the actual struggle. the feasibility and infeasibility of the idea can be seen in the process.

            The process that follows after, need a grand compromising to unite our people inside and outside and set the nation in different discourse to improve the quality of lives of our people. A simple formula we can’t understand yet.

            Amanuel Hidrat

          • tes

            Dear Amanuel H.,

            Well. The question now is whether the Eritrean solutions for Eritrean problems is a wrong principle or not, What makes this approach divisive? If you respect that opposite sides can march to the common goal, what is all about saying it just a slogan?

            I agree with you that our final objective is to improve the quality of lives of our people. But can’t you also see a devastating path (like that of Syria) or the end destiny (like that of Libya and Iraq) as a possible end result?

            If the definition of PFDJ as a system is all confirmed and taken as a motto, isn’t it an approach that lead us to Eritrean solutions for Eritrean problems? Once all we agreed upon, I think the sub-systems can be analysed critically and improved accordingly.

            During my six months master thesis study, I was dealing on Life Cycle Assessment of a production system. During the assessment, first an inventory is done by classifying the system into sub-systems. And the impact is the sum-total of each sub-system.

            Have you ever then tried to expand the systems into further units so that the impact of each can be analyzed critically?

            You have repeatedly mentioned the notion of compromise? How far you are ready to compromise for those even with extreme views (ex: those who reject any kind of support from Ethiopia)?


          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear tes,

            There is no wrong with “the Eritrean solution for Eritrea problem”. The problem with it is (a) it is not a solution, it is a slogan (b) Its history and why the slogan came to forefront is not healthy. It came when EYSC split into two on whether they could launch their struggle from Ethiopia or not. So the slogan was to blackmail to our youth organization in Ethiopia. I participated in their founding conference of EYSC in 2012. It was successful conference and I was happy that we will have the passing of the torch to our young generation. I wrote an article about it and here is the link below.


            Now I don’t want to go to the their history, I hope you were following the history. Our elders lead by Dr. Bereket tried to reconcile the two sides. EYSC ( known as the bologna group) rejected it. So ther e is a long history to it. And the slogan has to to do with the split.

            Tes I have mentioned in my previous comment the disadvantages. It will only happen if we don’t have leaders with wisdom and able to stand to the interest of their people. But I also mentioned the advantage of it.

            Second we haven’t reached yet to come to a conclusion that the problem is the “system”. There are a big portion of the opposission that who argues Issayas and few enablers are the problem.

            The compromise is simple as I have stated in previous comment. Both sides must accept the strategy ” by all means” those who want peacefully fight peacefully and those want violence do it their way (though I don’t think they have the capacity to do it anyway). At least we can be united on the rhetorical strategies. ( I might edit and elaborate in the evening).


          • tes

            Dear Amanuel H.,

            I see from which angle you are coming from. You know the historical developments. Yet I can not put the narration “Eritrean solutions for Eritrean problems” as a divisive. What made them to come with this approach might be from what you are trying to trace it. However strategies differ and what they have chosen as a path is fine as far as they wanted to be.

            Those who come with this approach(EYSC) might be out of FEAR or because of their chauvinistic mindset. However the slogan by itself is acceptable if we carefully analyse on what is happening.

            In your article you mentioned those actors that made the 2012 Washington DC Conference as a source of hope for your endeavorers. You praised the leadership quality they had and the way they articulated their agenda. Those actors in the leadership are still holding their leadership qualities by being on different camps.

            What was your expectations then? Were you wishing for a complete harmony or a gradual growth in their political maturity? If the first was your expectation (and I can’t see that from your article simply because you were not 100% sure even what will happen next) all I can say is that it was wrong. the second option is what we have today: before one under one leadership and today in to two different leadership, YET, they are stuggling by the approach they have chosen.

            Dear Amanuel H. suppose I accepted your view about the slogan and accept your line of considering those with the slogan as divisive. How about those who chose the other path? Do you believe that the other approach is a uniting ONE?


      • native

        I am curious to know why this creates so much heat from Haile and Amanuel. Why is what the writer said not clear and needs “clarifying”? I think Miriam tried to paint a picture of how she sees the opposition within Eritrea (from Wedi Ali’s climb to Forto to localized civil disobedience to clergymen speaking up) would support the idea of the people solving their own problems. If you believe it is not working or it does not account to “Eritrean solutions for Eritrean Problems”, then that is it: you simply have a strategy difference. Why all the analysis of this is what she meant or she is just “all mouth and no ears.” Are you even talking to someone who is on your side, a victim like you? Or to you, she is no less than hgdef? I am just curious.

        Nothing bad was said about Ethiopia except the universal truth of foreign policy that Ethiopia, or any other state for that matter, would always act in accordance with its political, socio-economic interest. Some can say Ethiopia is doing great while Eritrea is not for the last 14 years. Who do we blame? It is an open question for all but personally, I don’t blame Ethiopia.

        I think for an outsider on the fence looking in, including generals and gedayim tegadelti in Eritrea, this gives them a nightmare if they were contemplating of joining the melting pot of “deleyti fithi.” There is no melting but a bottomless crucible where everyone falls in to the burn.

        • haileTG

          Selam Native

          The politics of all mouth and no ears is said in the following context:

          The general problem, not just your movement, that I observe is that once people cling on to an idea, they would rather throw the baby with the towel than negotiate and be willing to change or at least listen to alternative view points.
          What that means is that one of our critical problems is inability to handle ideas. If an idea is critiqued or rejected, we need to be able to work around it without burning the house. From your implication earlier, you wondered that those who have issue with the context in which the idea is employed, if they were hoping someone else to solve their problem. That was a wrong implication. You can’t bring an idea we have a critical view on and use it then to insinuate that we are considering treason. If the reason for entertaining the idea is to lay the ground work to attack others, may be. But if the idea is an honest attempt to seek solution, then humility and sense of respect of your fellow citizens go with it too.
          My beef with the issue is that it doesn’t capture the nature of the current Eritrean problem. Somalia, Libya, Iraq… may have a movement with such central idea, because external intervention could be one factor of their problems. In Eritrea’s case, it is a futuristic hypothesis of if this or if that. That is hardly an idea to elevate into a central theme of an Eritrean struggle. We can use ideas such as “Justice denied for one, justice denied for all”, “Dignity First”, “No rights, No Country”… or the likes. Instead, someone plucked out a foreign intervention based theme that is neither the core of our problem today nor appeals to the masses. The proof is in the pudding. The only thing to come out of it seems that some people found a way to legitimize PFDJ style fear and animosity driven politics (the emphasis is on “some people”).
          Obviously, those who align with the agenda for their own reasons have found a haven to shelter in it and those who sincerely consider it ill formulated agenda are being questioned. I think the slippery sloppy idea should be questioned in the first instance.

          • native

            Hi Haile,

            I completely understand the “baby with towel” assertion. That has been endemic in our little opposition universe.

            And apologies if my thoughts came across as if implying “unpatriotic” (I wouldn’t use the “T” word as you did; no individual, but only The Law we are lacking, can accuse any other of that.) We shouldn’t throw big words for shock value. It is an issue everywhere right now.

            One thing you “seem” to be sure of in your analysis is that that Eritrea is different from other lessons in Africa and intervention (or alliance) could help in our case. Ok, perfect! (We don’t have to go deep into how you calculated that.) To use your phrase however, yours is also still a “hypothesis” and some look like they don’t agree with you. Why can’t you let them be and say, maybe their hypothesis holds as well? Why don’t we fight two (or more … you seem to have put me in the group saying “your movement”) fronts but with the same enemy?? Why do we have to point our muzzles sideways at each other.

            Why should we tell anyone what their motto or slogan should be? To go with Saay’s Aynifelale reference, take the “Mahber Fiqri Hager” organization (FYI: Some believed “Hager” meant “Ethiopia” to them; others “Eritrea”; both camps were in the organization). To draw parallels with your logic, let’s focus on the general Independence-seeking citizens of the time and assume you and I belonged in that larger population. But we were not members of The Mahber. Should we complain saying, “Why are they saying ‘Fiqri’, as if the rest of us do not LOVE Eritrea? Are they implying we DO NOT love Eritrea?” Honestly, it would not be up to them to explain what they meant to us? It is up to us to try to learn about them and then either join them or form our own organization or leave it altogether. But I wouldn’t go after them for naming themselves something I had nothing to do with.

            Now I know what you will say: “But they are coming after us!” Well, I say, we just do our part and not jab back every chance we get. Eventually, everyone goes home with swollen faces and sheraff asnan anyway. I don’t want to be in that brawl myself.

            I understand you may know some of the people personally and have issues with them. But, I just don’t see in this article where a jab occurred but someone trying to explain themselves and what was said to them.

    • tes

      Dear Haile TG,

      I can visualize what your intention is and where upto you want us to head. However recently I am reading some lines that seem more of uni-dimensional.

      To be brief, I agree with you that Eritreans be them in Ethiopia or in any other parts of the world have the right to struggle against the tyranny. Do you think still the core principle of Eritrean solutions for Eritrean problems oppose any kind of strategy?

      As we all know we have a problem(?) and we know our goal(?). In between different paths can be followed. Strategies and programmes are flexible by nature. Are you then talking on the strategy or the problem by itself or the means to solve the problem?

      In your comment (below) you wrote, “…I observe is that once people cling on to an idea, they would rather throw the baby with the towel than negotiate and be willing to change or at least listen to alternative view points.?” I can have the gist of it but I would rather prefer your elaboration. Could you extend it more?


      ? – I put it because the definition of our problems and the goals we want are not yet well defined. If they were we could have solved our problems by now and achieve our goals. I just put it as a naive narrator.

      • haileTG

        Selamat tes,

        I will start with your question:

        Do you think still the core principle of Eritrean solutions for Eritrean problems oppose any kind of strategy

        Eritrean solutions to Eritrean problem is correct in reality. All opposition groupings are the Eritreans, seeking a solution to a problem relating to Eritrea. It is not a political directive, rather a given fact. The reason it is being challenged that it is employed in context that aims to relegate parts of society to the back-burner (Eritreans in Ethiopia), to employ the tactics of blackmail to coerce support ( if you question them then they become the blue eyed patriots and the rest of us sellouts) and insinuate that PFDJ is partly right and should given a new lease of life by browbeating its tired and toothless belligerence. So, the people trying to deploy this idea should be the one’s coming to defend it because we want to know what an Eritrean problem is in their courtyard and what an Eritrean solution is in their verdict. Most importantly, we will talk on mandates, legitimacy, representation issues on a substantive bases.

        I said that we have problems to handle idea properly because from what has happened so far it is next to impossible to find a group that took in critical view and moderated its stand, never. That is very worrying, so worrying that sometimes I hope we don’t get any idea other than freedom and the call for it. Every time our orgs and others cam up with an idea, the manage it so haphazardly, dangerously and irresponsibly that we as a people end up paying more. Let’s God help us not get an idea for the time being and only think of freedom. Because, we’re now broke and an Eritrean group getting an idea is the last thing we can afford. We don’t handle new ideas properly and would pay even more dire price when whoever comes up with the idea starts the usual cursing of everyone for being a spy or whatever.

        Three questions that still await answer from the proponents are:

        1 – What is substantively different about their idea from what the existing organizations do

        2 – Do Eritreans in Ethiopia have civil and political right to struggle against tyranny? If yes, can they work with them? If no, why not?

        3 – What is included in their mantra to restore Eritrea’s role as a nation at peace with the world family of nations?


  • Mahmud Saleh

    Selam Miriam
    Thanks so much for this comprehensive presentation of views that have been advocating for Eritreans-for Eritrea approach. This approach recognizes the fact that the struggle is popular in nature, and should depend on Eritrean people. If not shocked, Change is going to come from inside; it’s happening. The ever growing pool of prisoners of conscience, the open debates in our cities cafes, the challenging demands being made in closed meetings of civil service cadres (mostly ex-tegadelti), declining productivity of government workforce…and the examples you listed all point to a glaring fact: the process of change is taking place. Diaspora can catalyze it if it could play its role in tandem with the domestic potential. I believe we need to tal about change, not change of a regime, because change of a regime could be done by any captain, or by a few dedicated opposition elements, by a self-inflicted implosion or as a result of international conflict. Change of a regime though does not mean CHANGE. As you elaborated, I see all the ingredients that takes to a change that results in a net-positive outcome in place. That’s a change that takes Eritrea and Eritreans to a better position. I don’t think we ask ourselves, this question. What would we (Eritreans) do if there is a sudden collapse of state apparatus? This important question reminds us of the necessary steps we should take in preparing the ground for a smooth transfer of power to the people, by giving domestic change agents tools/skills of resistance…moral support…by filling in the vacuum of advocating for the interest of Eritrea, and raising awareness of the plight our people are subjected to. Unless there is a sinister agenda, no one should feel offended by a mantra that advances Eritrean solution for Eritrean problems. At the end, most of the leaders who will decide the fate of Eritrea are inside; most of the delegates who should decide what type of government should be selected will be from our people inside the country. They are the ones close to the objective situation. Therefore, the Diaspora needs to spend its energy where it could be efficient. The question of Ethiopia deciding our fate is a non-starter. If the opposition could not rally Eritreans, it has no business to even contemplate changing a regime. Efforts that advocated for this line have been dubbed PFDJista…reformers….as you said, it is a tragic debacle. Eritreans need to seek each other. There are two signposts that should guide us: The extreme PFDJistas group and the Wayanista group. Everything in between is possible. Eritreans including members of PFDJ who are in the list without their choice and who are in the forefront of challenging the regime are part of this stream. This website needs to be recognized for hosting multiple opinions and for becoming a budding ground for dialogue and debates. I was going to highlight some important points that I found in your article, but the comment is already too long. However, I don’t want to end it without thanking you. This is one of the few breaking article I have read.

  • tes

    Dear Miriam,

    Thank you for posting this timely article. i am very hopeful that it will generate a hot debate among stakeholders. Saying that what I see in the opposition camp is an absence of clear definition of Eritrean people enemy at this time. Eritreans and Eritreans have one and only one ENEMY and that is PFDJ system and its enforced policies. So far people are divided into three lines for defining PFDJ and Eritrea’s main problem.

    1. PFDJ as a one-man and his good-wills party. This definition is very limited in its scope for a sustainable solution. I was reading an article linking Saddaù Hussien’s footprints on ISIS This article reminds me the post-DIA’s period if we only minimize PFDJ as a one-man regime.

    Solution proposed: REFORMATION

    2. Defining PFDJ as a system. Those who define PFDJ as a system are in the right path from my point of view. Here at this form, the debate is still going on and the definition is getting a wide outreach. But recently SGJ minimized into a semantics debate in a comment section of the awate forum. He wrote: “But I think we are dwelling in semantics, bordering on intellectual luxury, because every Eritrean and his neighbor says ; serAat Higdef.” I do not agree with this statement though his referenced definition is strong to support what a system is when he put “a regime as a system or planned way of doing things, especially one imposed from above” the word regime is still weak link but somehow it describes the system installed by PFDJ in Eritrea.

    SOLUTION: Weeed-Out the system and some want to be politically more humble and they call it “Dismantling the System”.

    3. The third is completely in a wrong dimension. Not only PFDJ but the whole revolution that liberate Eritrea is toxic and anti-Eritreans by itself. And not only toxic but it is an organized banditry. Idris Hamid Awate according their defnition is not a man of revolution but a bandit. And very recently I heard one confused man who went further to defame and eradicate the whole generation that participated for the liberation of Eritrea and Eritrean people from Ethiopian aggression.

    SOLUTION: Revolution, the Ghedli mindset should be eradicated and a new generation has to be cultivated. And this new-mind set has to built a strong link with Ethiopia (empahsis mine) – mama Ethiopia as they like to call it.

    Well, I brought these three definitions perspectives of PFDJ to shade my opinion about the article.

    From what I am understanding from the article, Eritrean Solution for Eritrean problems agrees on the definition of PFDJ as a system but goes to REFORMATION. This is the weakest bond I see with EYSC. EYSC is strong for attracting the wide Eritrean dissidents but then becomes weaker on its strategy. EYSC should believe with 100% assurance that PFDJ is UNREFORMABLE. Only then people can fully support for the mantra they have.

    EYSC’s approach of non-violence has no problem. But non-violence needs persistence and social-outreach. If SGJ’s advice during their US conference is respected, I believe there will not be doubt for their success. But Non-violence requires neighboring countries cooperation. Ethiopia, Djibouti, Sudan, Yemen, Egypt and Yemen should be the target.

    Another point that is mentioned is the threats facing to EYSC members. I can visualize that. After having some close observance on social medias I am able to see a group of gangsters growing in the diaspora by the name of JUSTICE SEEKERS. to say it straight, Members of EYMNS are becoming gangsters and EYMNS is becoming another PFDJ, a movement that is Geo-Centric and undemocratic.

    All the procedures followed by ESMNS are an exact copy of PFDJ and the members are an exact-copy of YPFDJ. They do not tolerate religious diversity and they force people to follow them. They do not believe others and are not ready tp discuss with others. What they do is 100% ARTIFICIAL.

    Just yesterday I have read from member of ESMNS member (I just know from his FB posts) like this:

    “…He deserve more than an Artwork, He’s fighting for his people standing for our rights. some ppl. living good life in Europe thinking how to make money, buy house and having girls around them, Eritrea for them nothing but festivals and dancing…”

    here we can read two things:

    1. Praising one

    2. Defaming many by saying:

    a. thinking how to make money

    b. having girls around them

    c. for them nothing but festivals

    To whom the message is addressed is not known but the way the message is tuned in of typical YPFDJ bullying approach.

    ESMNS strategy to fight against PFDJ by ALL-MEANS is what I appreciate most. But because of the fantacy and extreme hate on PFDJ is taking them to the other side of extremism: to be violent over the already victim of a violent regime Eritrean society. Eritreans are not searching for revolution but for FREEDOM. Freedom can NEVER NEVER be obtained by REVOLUTION.

    Eritrea needs a system that gives full FREEDOM today. PFDJ’s system was satanic from its origin and from what I can see ESMNS is an exact copy of PFDJ.

    Equally I believe on the principle of Eritrean Solution for Eritrean problems but EYSC is corrupting it. hence a new dimension should be developed.

    As usual this is my personal opinion.


  • yonas

    A well thought article and thank you Miriam for your time and explanation. Eritrean solutions for Eritrean Problems is a political direction that has a power to unite us and we all need to follow. We may emotionally and desperately accept anything to get rid of the dictator in Eritrea but the as you just said it, the danger of it is as big as or bigger that our current problems.
    Let us own our struggle and drive it our own ways with a safer outcome than the ‘whatever and wherever driven strategy’

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear Miriam,

    This is the clear and wonderful way of explaining what really means “Eritrean Solutions to Eritrean Problems” starting from the lamp and the Key readier can go reading the perfect meaning. We Eritreans should put things in such clear way so it will not be exploited by those who want to confuse us. Now, when the method and tactic are used it should always be around this principle. who cares for Eritrean peace and tranquility more than Eritrean people?

    Here what should be clear is as far as the struggle considers the vision, the ownership,the unity and complete believe of change within getting services from other world is not wrong I think.