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Eritrea: A Victim of Modern Necropolitics

“My job is making windows where there were once walls” [Michel Foucault]

Introduction

In search of an integrative discourse for the Eritrean politics, within the dynamic setting of the international system in motion, this author will try to examine the Eritrean regime and the pattern of its politics in a different approach than the traditional explanations of regimes. In doing so, I will explain (a) the nature of the power of the Eritrean regime and its politics (b) the theory of the “walking dead” and the status of our citizen as a “living death” (c) the sovereignty of power in relation to its subjects (d) modern form of governance and the method of subjugation (e) within the framework of new concepts and theories, this author will also reveal the practices of PFDJ governance that produced mass death and mass incarceration through systematic of violence and terror (f) the politics of death will be examined through the works of scholars. In the process I will try to familiarize some contemporary concepts and theories that I will use for the argument. However, the toughness of the topic can not be explained in the few pages of this article. But by skimming and scanning at the concepts, I will try to relate to the ordeals of the Eritrean people.

Biopower & Biopolitics

Biopower and biopoliticis are modern theories of political philosophy that deals with “the broad conceptualization and genealogies of power and governmentality”. These concepts are the most compelling of Michel Foucault’s “oeuvre”. The root of the concepts are as follows: Bio means life and Biopower means the sovereignty of power over life and Biopolitics means the politics of life.

Interestingly enough, Biopolitics is understood as a political of rationality that takes “the administration of life and the population as its subjects”. Its purpose is to ensure and sustain life in order. In “The will of knowledge” Foucault provided us the genealogy of biopolitics – the right of death and the power over life – that determines “sovereignty” – the characteristics and privileges of “sovereign power.” In this context “sovereign power” refers to the “right to decide life and death.” In other words, this sovereign power, it in itself is a judicial form of power – the power to “take life or let live.” On the other hand, Biopower is constituted to “foster life or disallow life to the point of death”. In his “society must be defended” Foucault provided us with detailed analysis how bourgeoisies develop the disciplinary mechanics of power, the prison system, and the creation of docile population. Furthermore, in the same publication he elucidated that war is not waged between two races, but it is by a race that is portrayed as the one true race – the race that hold power and is entitled to define the “norm” against those who deviate from the norm. This biopower also implies the war waged by an ethnic that hold power and is entitled to define the norm and way of life against the minorities in diversified societies.

Foucault’s work on Biopolitics and Biopower is not without limitation. In his explanation of “politics of population” the “biopolitical” subject is not explicitly conceived within his oeuvre. It is from this political limitation that Achille Mbembe came up explicitly to explain how biopower is the work of “violence and domination” that lead him to develop the notion of “Necropolitics” – the sovereign of decision on death – the power that could dictate “who may live and who must die.” We shall see how the notion or the concept of necropolitics is theorized as I continue my argument.

Necropower & Necropolitics

To begin with, let us see the roots and definition of the concepts. “Necro” means death. Then necropolitics means the ‘politics of death’ and Necropower means the ‘power of death.’ In his book, Mbwmbe guided us by sorting out Foucauldian discourse of genealogy of death in modern state, where sovereignty is inherently linked to the “creation of an enemy” of the state that must be eliminated. According Achille Mbembe, to exercise sovereignty is to exercise control of mortality and to define life as the deployment and manifestation of power [2003:12].

Mbembe found ‘biopower’ as insufficient to account for contemporary forms of ‘subjugation’ of life to the power of death. As a result, he put forward the concept of ‘Necropolitics’ and ‘Necropower’ to account the various ways and weapons deployed in the interest of maximum destruction of peoples and the creation of death [ 2003, 39-40]. Necropower controls sovereignty as the determining power as to who is disposable and who isn’t. In a nutshell, Mbembe saw the “power over death and life” and the creation of ‘bare life’ through spaces of exception. To simplify it, Necropolitics is “the use of social and political power to dictate how some people may live or how some may die”.

In a parallel project, Patterson also argued on the issue of ‘bare life’ and how ‘sovereignty’ the ‘state of exception’ have produced the slave-to-master relationships – the power which create the ‘slaves’s social death’ – in which their relationship to ‘power’ is always reducible to hostility and disposability [Patterson, 1982]. This biopolitical-social-disposability will be explained as one strand of necropolitics, for which I will try to relate, to the issue of “national service in the Eritrean proper, later in my discussion.

Subjugation And The Power of Death

Necropolitics implicates the “subjugation of life to the power of death.” Surprisingly enough, in our contemporary world, different types of “weapons are deployed in the interest of maximum destruction of people and the creation of death-worlds, a new and unique forms of social existence, in which the vast population are subjugated to a condition of life conferring upon them the status of living death.” [Mbembe, 2003, PP 39 & 40]. Necropolitics also entails necroeconomy a subject of its own for another time.

Confiding, on Agamben’s insights, Mbembe upholds that the camp sites (refugee and prisons) are “the prevailing way of governing unwanted populations where the prison camps are enclosed in precarious militarized spaces to control, to harass, and possibly kill them – a permanent condition of living in pain [Mbembe, 2003, pp 39].

Sovereignty As a Power of Death

Sovereign power in the context of necropolitics is the right to decide life and death. The ultimate expression of ‘sovereignty’ resides in the power and capacity to dictate who must live or die. To kill or to allow to live constitutes the limits of sovereignty [ Mbembe, 2003, pp 11-12]. It is “derived from the ancient Patria Potestas that granted the father of Roman family the right to dispose the life of his children and his slaves. Just as he had given them life, so he could take it away” [Faucoult, 1978]. The power over life has evolved in to two basic forms but linked together. The first is centered on the body as a machine – its disciplining, the optimization of its capabilities, the extortion of its forces, the parallel increase of its usefulness and its docility, its integration into systems of efficient and economic controls – all this was ensured by the procedures of power that characterized the disciplines [Ibid]. The second is the biopolitics of the population – the discipline of the body and the regulations of the population. Both constitute the forms around which the organization of power over life is deployed.

The old power of death that symbolized “sovereign power” are now supplanted by the administration of population and the calculated management of life through diverse technique for achieving the subjugation of human population [Ibid].

PFDJ’s Necropower And Necropolitics

Discourse is defined as the communication that takes place within a society about an issue or sets of issues. The dominance of a particular discourse within a society, is therefore becomes, an inevitable that reflects the power structure of the society. I believe the sociopolitical discourse in Eritrea is dominated by the PFDJ regime and the power manifestation of PFDJ is purely “necropower” as defined above. If to exercise “sovereignty” is to exercise control of mortality – the power to dictate who must live or who must die, then how do we explain the exercise of power of PFDJ regime to control its subjects? The prime goal of this author is then to explore “sovereignty and the state of exception” within the dominant discourse in the Eritrean body politics. To do that, I will try to illustrate using the tools as set forth by Achille Mbembe, to explain the power exercised by the Eritrean regime, its politics, the condition of its subjects, and the nature of the subjugation in contemporary Eritrea.

(a) Perpetual Wars: for the state of Eritrea war is not an “exception” but it is a “permanent state” affairs. Since the inception of the Eritrean state in 1991, in the last three decades, the Eritrean regime conducted perpetual of wars with its neighbors and beyond. The Eritrean defense force (EDF) have fought with Sudan, South Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Congo, Yemen, and twice with Ethiopia as we speak. In conducting the wars – the regime decides who will go to the war who shouldn’t – the necropolitics of death – who should live and who should die.

(b) Modern slavery: The regime created the “saw camp” in the name of “indefinite national service” to control the Eritrean youth and eventually to deploy and dispose them – the power of “state of exception” that produce slave-to master relationships, in which our youth became the victim of biopolitical-social disposabilities.

(c) State of terror: The state of Eritrea indiscriminately persecutes, imprisons and eliminates any political group to secure its power. The state of exception deploys all kinds of tools of oppression and suppression in order to harass and to intimidate the Eritrean people, and in the process, to transform the Eritrean society to a “docile society” that takes orders without questions – a typical explanation of necropolitics – the condition of life of a “walking dead.” The sheer level of violence directed towards its citizen by the state is an exemplary of necropower –the power over the walking dead.

(d) Creating Enemy: In order to control the Eritrean youth, the regime has to create an enemy to fight with, either by creating alliance or by itself – an act of exposing the Eritrean youth to death – a senseless war of annihilation, a true nature of human disposabilities with no accountability.

(e) The production of refugees: Eritrea is one of the few countries that has produced the highest influx of refugees all over the world. In less than three decades, over five hundred thousand Eritreans have left the country to find their freedom from the regime that suffocate them as subjects in the slave camp of Sawa. These escapees unfortunately are trapped in another refugee camps where they are living in a conditions of a “bare life” as Patterson has aptly described it escaping from the “slave’s social death” or “bare life” or as Agamben described it “a space in a permanent state of exception, in which government exercises sovereign power over the camps as the ultimate biopolitical subject.” That is exactly what happened to the Eritrean refugees in Ethiopia currently – the conspiracy of the two sovereign powers, namely the Ethiopian and Eritrean governments.

(f) Shared violence: The state of Eritrea expanded to exercise its monopoly power beyond its border by creating an enemy, and by doing so, it forged an alliance with the central government of Ethiopia and the militia of the Amara state (kilil), to perpetuate a war of ethnic cleansing in the Tigray region – a shared violence and terror, to create havoc, death, and starvation in that particular region – a classical necropolitical power at play, to eliminate the unwanted population.

(g) Building Prisons: The Eritrean regime has built 260 prisons for a small country with a population of 3.5 million – prisons more than schools and hospitals, so to speak. One can easily extrapolate from it the population of the prisoners. The nature of the prison houses which are placed in a mountain caves and separate foxholes are one of the models used for eliminating the unwanted group of population – the work of necropower that dictate who must be eliminated or die in cruelness and barbarity. Tens of thousands from our citizens are disappeared without knowing their whereabouts and are languishing and dying in those prison cells.

Conclusion

When Achille Mbembe wrote “becoming a subject” which presupposes upholding the work of death, he was illustrating that “politics” and “sovereignty” are linked together to a “right to kill than to preserve life”. Mbembe’s Necropolitics allows me to ask the important questions to explore the nature of the Eritrean regime and its politics, to understand its sovereign power over our population, as a subject exposed to terror and humiliation, that ultimately subject to inhumane of disposability. This author believes that the Eritreans who are exposed to death in the perpetual war of adventurism, in the prison camps, and in the “bare life” of refugee camps are the work of necropolitics and necropower of the Eritrean regime. Necropolitics is a reminder of the new forms of social existence of the Eritrean people, in which the population is subjected to a condition of life known as the status of a “living dead.” I have no doubt this essay will generate cacophony and dissonance from the PFDJ political house and their sympathizers. After all I have come with this essay in order to bring an intellectual debate on the subject and its implication on the lives of the Eritrean people.
References

[1] Foucault, Michel “the birth of biopolitics”, lectures at the collage de France (1978-1978)
[2] Foucault, Michel “The will of knowledge,” 1976.
[3] Foucault, Michel “Society must be defended”, 1975 – 1976.
[4] Foucault, Michel “Discipline and Punish,” 1995
[5] Mbembe, Achille “Necropolitics”, 2003.
[6] Patterson, Andrew “Authority, alienation, and social death”, 1982
[7] Agamben, Giorgio “Sovereign power and bare life” 1998 Stamford university press, California.
[8] Foucault, Michel “The right of death and power over life”, 1978.

About Amanuel Hidrat

Amanuel Hidrat, is a political activist and a passionate writer in the current struggle against the Eritrean regime. His extensive writings are focused on constitution and constitutionalism, constitutional process, nature of governments, and grievances of the social groups. His articles can be found “Tebeges”, a rich column at awae.com that archives over 150 articles. He has been writing at Ntsebraq in Tigrinya since 1998, and in English awate.com since 2000. Through his writings, , he promotes "multicultural liberalism" and "multicultural constitutionalism" that provides a fair share to social groups in the decision making process of governance. Amanuel believes it’s not individuals, but ”our social groups”, that should be the building blocks of the Eritrean nation state. Amanuel studied “Industrial chemistry" at the Poly-technical Institute in Ethiopia, and "Clinical Pharmacy" at St John's University in the US.

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  • haileTG

    Hello Awatista,

    Here is a nice introduction of the NTT members by aan media Mathewos. You can skip to the introduction of Ato Habteab if you’re short on time. Enjoy…

    https://youtu.be/9SV9iqq_LpU

    • kokhob selamone2

      Yep Hailat TG,

      I enjoy it. Specially the Dr. Almaz part, what a wonderful women is she?

      KS,,

  • said

    Greetings.
    Ramadan Kareem,

    UK Magazine The Economist reporting .Tigray is edging closer to famine: Evidence is growing that starvation is being used as a weapon of war in Ethiopia.
    Millions face the threat of starvation, owing in part to the actions of the Ethiopian government’s forces and its allies.
    The suffering is widespread. Central and eastern Tigray, as well as parts of the north-west, are facing “crisis” or “emergency” hunger levels, according to the UN’s Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC), meaning that households are suffering from acute malnutrition (see map). The next and final phase on the IPC scale is “famine” marked by an extreme lack of food
    UK. The United Nations estimates that of Tigray’s 6 million people, 4.5 million are in need of food aid. A recent report from the World Peace Foundation warns of the risk of famine and mass starvation as people are displaced and crops, livestock, and the tools needed to make and collect food are destroyed.
    Please see the link
    https://www.economist.com/graphic-detail/2021/04/22/tigray-is-edging-closer-to-famine

  • haileTG

    “መ.ኣ.ስ” (መንግስቲ ኣብ ስደት) ኤርትራ ማእከል ስሕበት ኩለንተናዊ ኤርትራዊ ዓቅሚ
    GiE of Eritrea the Epicenter of an all-encompassing Eritrean Potential

    Selamat Awatista,

    As the idea of GiE is making rapid progress towards full realization, we are seeing promising beginnings take root in earnest. This is a time for all Eritreans to drop everything and throw their full support behind such a historic move. With GiE, at last, Eritreans can have a legitimate representation for their voices, values and aspirations through lawful, democratic and united posture. Eritreans will be able to stand up for the interests, security and transitional guarantees for their embattled homeland.

    The regime of Isaias Afewerki has become a source of misery at home and destabilization in the region for far too long. The isolated and and unconstitutional regime of Isaias Afewerki has put the survival of the nation in the backburner to pursue illegal militaristic adventures into the Tigray region of Ethiopia. Thereby, the regime has created a precedent for Eritrea to be invaded purely in the basis of ‘security concern’ of outsiders by engaging in such unlawful conflict in the region. Today, Eritreans are dying in a war in Ethiopia where Ethiopian youth themselves are not willing to participate in, as per Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s acknowledgement that he is struggling to recruit into his defense forces. Why are Eritrean youth dying in Tigray for 110 milli0n population whose median age is 19.5? Does Eritrea have excess and dispensable lives than its far larger neighbor? This is clearly a ploy to finalize the destruction of the Eritrean nation state by the treasonous leadership of Isaias Afewerki of Eritrea.

    Tigrayans are fighting for Tigray, Amhara are fighting for Amhara causes, Oromo for Oromo causes and the Ethiopian state for Ethiopian causes. For what cause is Eritrea fighting in Tigray? What cause is there for Eritrea that can’t be defended from Eritrea’s recognized boundary? None what so ever!

    The Eritrean struggle for peace, justice and basic human rights has missed many opportunities in the past due to divisions, infighting and interference. The GiE provides the opportunity for the Eritrean people to circumvent such a vicious circle and break free. It allows for Eritrean civil, political and humanitarian groups to maintain their existing commitments to their organizations but tactically regroup under two of the nation’s historical political landmasses. The strategic objective of such regrouping is to ultimately set the stage for mass mobilization, international support and transitional structures to remove the regime of Isaias Afewerki.

    The Eritrean people deserve peace and justice more than anything else. As Eritreans embark on this project, all non-Eritrean actors owe it to their moral and ethical conscience to lend the movement their support and good will. All Eritreans, in exile and at home ought to seize this moment to put an end to all anxieties they have for the future of their beloved country and their people. The regime of Isaias Afewerki solely bares responsibility for all the damages to life and property that has been brought to bare on its people and the populations of neighboring regions. By supporting the formation of the GiE, every Eritrean is putting their mark on a generational project that would lay the foundations for a peaceful transition through a legitimate and the honoring of the historic legacy the founders of the nation put in place.

    Have a great weekend!

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Hailat,

      The Awate community support full heartedly to this project. The issue is how to infuse the idea (GIE) to the public even osmotically in order to garner full support of the public. The idea demands a large number of proponents to educate and defend the idea from detractors and spoilers.

      Second, your call to stop the disposability of our youth in the Ethnic war through out Ethiopia ( Tigray, Oromo, and Amara regions) is commendable.

      Third, besides the TF, you become the face of the project by defending it and by giving new ideas that enhance the project. Good job.

      Regard

      • Bayan Negash

        Gentlemen,
        What y’all discussing here is very educational. How does one pull this out of this forum to the public at large. I conceive of the Awate Forum as a space where only its participants – maybe some avid readers who silently follow it – which is still limited in scope. So, in my book, the careful orchestration is already starting here and how does a transition to over there take place, into the public domain is the burning question that I do not have an answer to?

        • haileTG

          Merhaba Bayan…that is easy 🙂

          Actually, it all depends on when the GiE website will be up and running. Then all relevant articles and discussions can be reproduced on a space there, one that is dedicated for public engagement. Sounds good?

          • Bayan Negash

            Selamat haile TG,

            Let me second Amanuel Hidrat’s motion in helping the GiE project move forward. What you said above sounds real good. Hopefully, there too, you will have audio file in addition to the written word to appeal to the larger Eritrean audience.

          • haileTG

            No problem Bayan Hawey!

    • Aman Y.

      Selam Haw Haile TG,

      First I appreciate your enthusiasm for the people Eritrea and the GiE. on an earlier comment you wrote” As GiE is representative of all Eritreans, you can support its work 100% in every way possible. But, Mengisti malet Hizbi Malet Eyu, how can you ask Hizbi Eritra to “collaborate” with you on “same cause”?”

      1. Do you mean GiE has no plan to collaborate with individuals, the public, civic, ex-officials etc. Abraham Lincoln said, “that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth” does it mean መንግስቲ ማለት ህዝቢ’ዩ

      You also wrote above, “This is a time for all Eritreans to drop everything and throw their full support behind such a historic move. With GiE, at last, Eritreans can have a legitimate representation for their voices, values and aspirations through lawful, ”

      2. Now, I do not think it is a good idea for all Eritreans to drop everything. GiE has to build on the existing foundations and buildings. አልጊቡ ክነድቕ አለዎ።

      Note: not to give an idea, but any group can organize a government. The only legitimacy is when the UN not individual countries gives it recognition. Hence, a country may host multiple a GiEs but only one the GiE of a country.

      • haileTG

        Hey AY, thanks for bringing the thread here.

        1 – what does “collaborate” mean in the context? If it means entering into agreement as if between two entities for common interests, then it would not be plausible. The GiE by definition is intended to represent everyone equitably. Why would it need to duplicate such collaboration by again entering into separate agreement. Again, does the entity wishing such special collaboration not feel represented enough? I meant to highlight the need for independence for GiE. So, it is seen to be working for everyone regardless of status or means. I hope you agree that if the GiE is meant to be a transitional vehicle, there is no need for anyone to seek to change whatever that they are doing. It suffices to simply help GiE with whatever it needs to discharge its duty. Suppose the GiE collaborate with Kunama/Afar movements, do you see that within its mandate or it is better for the said fronts to only give recognition to and be ready to support its work as needed? They can also offer to take up a role in its programs to reach those communities.

        2 – drop everything as in responding with the urgency demanded, not abandon their movements. This can include such things as reservations, mistrust, intractable conflicts and what have you that has brought the opposition to a grinding halt. As we speak, young Eritreans are being killed in the Tigray conflict. These lives are being lost for good. I think this reality should down in our minds and burden our hearts. If any Eritrean sees this as not feasible, it would be understandable to see them not be part of it. But to go beyond and set up another one is (I hate say) to step over the blood of those young Eritrean children. It would be neglecting ones duty of care to help find a way out for our youth who are trapped in war and our people who may face untold suffering soon just like what is happening in Tigray.

        Thanks for helping deepen this conversation.

        • Aman Y.

          Selam Haw Haile TG

          1.Collaboration for me is for GiE to discuss with each stake holder “integratively” to collaborate if necessary.

          2.The GiE as a transitional vehicle, has to prepare policies and programs for after the change. This affects every citizens.

          Kunama’s core value is some how known to be different, the GiE in collaboration with Kunamas has to make sure the constitution represents the Kunamas.

          • haileTG

            Hello brother AY,

            I think we’re getting to close the gap here:)

            If I understand correctly, you mean collaboration as in close working together with all stake holders. Then in practice this should not be an issue.

            1- the NTT is tasked with identifying EPLF/ELF members and facilitating congress to be held by each.

            2- the congress of each side will pass resolutions to enter in to a government of unity to be founded in exile.

            3- the GiE will have General Council and executive branch.

            4- the relevant body of the executive branch, under the guidance and authorization of the General Council will collaborate and deepen working relationships with all stake holders.

            Our discussions relates to #4 in the process as outlined above.

            My concern is that some are looking at “collaborate” as inclusion in #1 above. That is problematic because it doesn’t fit well with the carefully orchestrated march towards legitimacy, the latter being tied to historical context.

            Thanks

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Hailat & Aman,

          Let me give my take on “GIE,” “collaboration,” and “equitable responsibilities”:

          First, we need the collaboration of all social forces, political forces, civic societies in particular and the general public in general to form the GIE. In short collaboration is needed at this early stage of the process until the GIE is formed.

          Second, Once GIE is formed as devised carefully and equitably by the NTF, then by virtue of the process and its stage GIE will take the command of the struggle and act as alternative to the despotic regime at home in the international stage.

          Third, the process should be equitable in order the GIE be successful and the entire opposition camp to rally around it in particular and the Eritrean in general. The task is huge and must be done meticulously.

          Regard

          • haileTG

            Merhaba Aman,

            That is good point. Now, given that the main task of NTT (NTF) is to pave the way for Congress, and the Congress’ being the bodies to form the GiE, can you add your thoughts on how the NTT can accommodate the question of collaboration within its set mandate?

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hailat,

            First, I am assuming the NTF is out reaching to all political forces, civic societies, and notable academicians. Then NTF expect the willingness of the aforementioned forces in order to collaborate on the project. This is the toughest stage than the stages that follows it. Once they get thumbs up in their willingness to collaborate with the NTF, the rest will be easy to formulate and constitute the GIE.

            Second, “recognition” by NTF to the existing social and political forces is the key word in this process and making them part of the process, from the beginning until the congress is convened to form the GIE.

            Third, Expect hiccups in the process and the NTF should be flexible to adjust and to correct the hiccups the might encounter in the process.

          • haileTG

            Hello Aman,

            I agree that such a wide reach is essential. The projected number of the NTF being 7 (three to come we learned), do you see it (NTF) having a wide pool of advisory council – in which case it would also be tasked to set up such a council prior to #2 in my earlier list? What do you think the best practical modality is to go about it?

          • Aman Y.

            How Haile

            The question is a question of mandate. ” in politics, a mandate is the authority granted by a constituency to act as its representative. The concept of a government having a legitimate mandate to govern via the fair winning of a democratic election is a central idea of representative democracy.” Wikipedia

          • haileTG

            Selamat AY,

            Thanks for the tip on your building analogy earlier – it is actually a nice practical advice in the real life, on the intricate laws and by-laws of construction! Just a side question – is that law fairly common in all countries or just N. America?

            Back to the discussion, I really don’t want to give the impression that I have something against inclusion and grassroots politics. My concern is really linked to the urgency of the matter and the limited resources within which this initiative is being envisaged. In substance and principle, I don’t disagree with anything you’re saying.

            However, we are at a dangerous crossroads as far as the fast unfolding situation. The conflict in Tigray has not only have sucked in the Eritrean troops deep into a quagmire, but also appears that the resistance there is being transformed into offensive mode by the TDF. There seems to be cracks within the ranks of EDF and the potential for the conflict to cross the border into Eritrea proper is very real. In all likelihood, this may be a decisive conflict on the fate of the Eritrean dictator. With this in mind, how much time is there to drag the process into long drawn out political bargaining? Due to the rapidly changing situation on the ground, our response needs to be equally rapid and workable.

            Within what time frame do you assess that such broad consensus can be signed off to move the process? If you share my concerns that we may be way behind in the game, how would you envision such consensus building process can be expedited in practical terms? We need to keep our eyes on the prize – i.e. having some form of GiE off the ground in a fairly rapid turnaround. Given that the NTF team are doing great job at leading the way and publicizing the idea, in what way would you suggest they can be supported to benefit from a wider participation at this stage of their work?

            I really appreciate your great input in this regard and I have no doubt your ideas will enrich the considerations of the NTF team. In the interest of the speed warranted however, let’s give them point form, practicable and concrete steps that they could follow.

          • Aman Y.

            Haw Haile,
            Very good points let me get back to that soon.

          • Aman Y.

            Selam Haw Amanuel, and Haw Haile TG
            As difficult as it seems, GiE has to make a huge out reach not only to politicians but the people. That will make a success I, think, they need to acquire some kind of social contract for their mandate.

            Every thing should be discussed and amended accordingly. The people have a say on whatever the GiE has meticulously designed. After all is it not representing the people.

            Some organizations already have things they can share. An organization have access to the state department the GiE should approach for collaboration. That is why I keep writing ንክንሰማማዕ ክንሰማማዕ አለና፤ አብዝተሰረተ አልጊብና ንንድቕ።

            If someone wants build a house, I advise not to build on an empty lot. If you insist to build, buy an old house to demolish and leave some part and you will save a lot of fees and hassle from the city. They call it grand fathered and new codes do not apply. But the cheapest one is to buy a run down house with all its elements and fix it up.
            So, how does GiE wants to build the house. Also is it being built bottom up or otherwise.

          • Woldegabriel Tesfamariam

            Selam Aman Y.
            It is with great appreciation and pride that we observed the Matt’s maiden stride being accomplished with astonishing success. Congratulations. Naturally, the ensuing political fermentation will radically alter the face of the political spectrum of our country. Like the inertia that holds the universe together, the NTT had become the epicenter for convergence. It is incumbent on any political outlook, parties, group intrests, civic organizations, etc to align with and support the NTT in it’s endeavor. Once the GIE is formed they would be in a better position to promote their agendas properly. There is sufficient ground to trust the shared vision, maturity, objectivity, responsibility and capability of the NTT.
            Brother Aman Y., As anyone can easily observe your immense quest for knowledge, inquiry and energy to put yourself at the forefront of the political game is distracting you from the core objective of this discourse. The mission is simple. Let us establish the GIE and save our people and country first. The other democratic discourses will follow.

  • Brhan

    Hello Awate
    FYI
    https://www.cfr.org/video/what-know-about-conflict-ethiopia
    PowerPoint and made simple from Council of Foreign Relations

  • Barrole

    Hello folks & Ramadan kareem,

    The Awate community gets – points for low amounts of posts this weekend.

  • Aman Y.

    Peace all,
    I couldn’t access Awat.com for the last couple of days. Was that for everyone?

    • Saleh Johar

      Hello Aman,
      Yes we has a mishap yesterday but things returned to normal early this morning. It was seven years ago that we had such a blackout. Let’s hope it is the last. But then, it’s time for upgrading the website to meet latest improvements in technology and design. We will embark on that very soon.

      • Aman Y.

        Thank you Saleh.

      • Aman Y.

        Selam Haw Saleh
        Did the mishap affect the email as well? I sent you something to look at for me. I hope you got it.

        Sincerely

        • Saleh Johar

          Aman
          Can you contact me please.

  • kokhob selamone2

    Dear awate participants,

    You are all doing all fine. I am sure this is the best site, I enjoy the comments.

    Nice and very intelligent.

    KS,,

  • haileTG

    Merhaba awatista,

    The National Task Force press conference held today was very useful. I found it to be exceeding of my expectations. The panelists: saay, Samuel and Almaz did a wonderful job. The structure of both the Central Council and Executive council are well thought out. Saay has really nailed the “school of thought” confusion. As the whole press conference is very long, I really suggest for the 5 comparisons of the ELF vs. EPLF school of thoughts that saay gave to be cut and widely shared. It is a demonstration of the profound differences that ELF and EPLF had on their political and philosophical views. He also presents concrete examples from historically ELF and EPLF national documents. It is very instructive because all other points of views in the Eritrean political landscape appear to be some form of iteration from such deeply rooted beliefs advocated by those parent organizations. Many people can find that educational, thank you saay, would be great to be made available as a standalone piece. Looking forward to the success of the NTF.

    • Aman Y.

      Selam Haw Haile TG

      Thank you for the update. Keep it coming!

    • saay7

      Selamat Haile TG:

      Thanks! Yes that’s a good idea. The Schools of Thought plus why ELF-EPLF is worthy of yet another article….. If you live in the US, you have seen an aisle in the supermarket called “ethnic hair care” or “ethnic food.” It always makes me shake my head because it assumes that being of Caucasian ancestry is not “ethnic”: the word is reserved for all non-Caucasians. There is a similar self-referential view in Eritrea, and it always makes me shake my head when people who don’t know about other view points assume those viewpoints don’t exist or are fringe viewpoints when they actually represent the views of half of their compatriots.

      But that’s ok: having background in the education field and sales management comes handy. Repetition is necessary: we will keep saying it and giving examples of it.

      Thanks for all your support Hailat. You are such a great exponent for GiE and the formula for it if you were not such an incognito dude I would ask you if you can give us your bio so we can see if we can add you to the NTT.

      saay

      • haileTG

        Hey saay, thanks! Yes I see there is a wide area we can get involved in. I will get in touch.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Saay,

        The five points you brought to justify the difference of the two school of thought is spot on. Excellent argument. Will talk to you.

        Regard

      • Brhan

        Merhaba Saay,

        The news release event was informative and educational.

        The news release: was it live to the public or the public saw its recorded version? I am just curios if it was live public and if the task force is continue to do it like that, I ask the task force publicize it ahead of time so that persons like can’t miss your upcoming events. If Berhe Y didn not ask about it and Halie TG did not answer , I would have missed this important event.

        Your remark about the language of communication in the future to include non Tigrinya speakers, such as Arabic is a valid remark. Also , I would add English to reach out our youth born and/or raised in the West.

        My last question is the task force going to have a channel, like as a website so we can get update information, and to know if the task force need help. I believe many including me can volunteer according to our capacity.

        Thanks

        • saay7

          Selamat Brhan:

          The National Taskforce Team (NTT) invited all Eritrean news outlets and YouTube channels to the press conference. We believed it was, as media outlets, their responsibility to publicize it not publicize it; to carry it live or recorded. Some carried it live (Setit media), others chose not to (EriSat, VOA); some chose to not attend (BBC Tigrinya, Assenna, meskerem, Erena.) Of those who chose to participate, some chose to ask questions (SBS, EriSat, Setit) some chose not to (VOA.)

          You must have missed the part where we said we intend to have an audience with English speakers near the end of our presser.

          NTT will have its own website, mostly for archiving documents (source documents) to help people be informed about political programs and sentiments of Eritrea’s major organizations. We will still rely on the media to publicize events.

          saay

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Saay,

            I have listened the clip twice. You made it clear your objectives and the possible process of its implementation. But I have one question regarding the task force (TF). It is my firm believe the task force (all) should be accessible to the public to answer questions related to your proposal or your project. Why are the three members of the TF do not want to be “known” or “disclosed” as part of your transparency, like the rest of you? If they are proponents of the proposal they should come out publicly to educate and defend it. Otherwise, it doesn’t make sense to be part of the team of TF. If they don’t want to disclose their identity, they could give advice without being members of the TF. Just my opinion.

            Regard

          • saay7

            Selamat Emma:

            That’s a very valid criticism. In the full interest of full disclosure, we disclosed that 3 of our members, who volunteered had given conditions that they can help but for very valid reasons they don’t want to be public now. We agreed just to get the process started and their contribution was invaluable. Following the presser, we had a meeting and they will be advisors and not members of the taskforce. We will add others to the taskforce , and one of the criteria will be that they have to be willing to be public.

            Thanks Emma!

            saay

          • Aman Y.

            Selam Haw Amanuel,

            I have listened the video. Since Saleh may be busy, please help me understand

            1. Saleh described EPLF/ELF the school of thoughts divide as centralization and centralization.
            2. Political programs
            3. Policy to connects them to the people’s core values: Land policy, Ethnicity, Language etc.
            4. Constitution made by the winning party in collaboration with the people

            If they are going to be compared it has to be through this parameters except #4.

            Thanks

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Haw Aman,

            Saay identified two school of thoughts in the Eritrean political landscape. Those thoughts are originate from the two organizations (ELF & EPLF) political thoughts that permeated in the general public for decades. What Saleh did in differentiating between the two “school of thoughts” he brought five concrete examples to contrast one from the other. And those examples are:

            1 – while EPLF’s school of thoughts believe on “centralized unitary government” (CUG) ELF’s school of thoughts believe on “Decentralized unitary government” (DUG).

            2 – While EPLF’s school of thoughts believe that “Land belongs to the state” “መሬት ናይ መንግስቲ” ELF’s school of thoughts believe that “land belong to the people” “ መሬት ናይ ህዝቢ”

            3 – While the school of thoughts of EPLF don’t believe on official language (all languages are equal), the school of thoughts of ELF believe on official language (Tigrigna & Arabic)

            4 – While the school of thought’s of EPLF believe on “ individual rights” the school of thoughts of ELF believe on “individual & group rights”

            5 – While the school of thoughts of EPLF believe that we have nine social groups “ “ብሄራት” as defined by languages, the school of thoughts of ELF believe that ethnicity is not defined by language only but also by the psychological make up of the social groups (ብሄራት) and hence we can have more than nine social groups. For example if the “Jeberti” wanted to be one social group it is up to them to decide and not the state or the government.

            These are five examples on the contrast of the two school of thoughts. Saay didn’t say we have five school of thoughts. That is how I understood from the explanation of Saay. Actually, Saay is correct on the difference on the political thoughts that exist in Eritrea proper. Saay, if I misrepresented wrong, correct me please.

            Regard

          • Aman Y.

            Selam Haw Amanuel,

            Thank you for the clarification. I understand it well now I must have miss heard him.

            Than you

          • haileTG

            Selamat saay,

            While you are on the topic of media, there is a suggestion – it is not an easy one! I am also willing to chip in if there would be a fund raising for it. How about considering a GiE Satellite Radio/TV? To be fair, TV might be much complex and not realistic now. Now my reasons:

            1 – It links up the GiE with those in Eritrea

            2 – As the executive branch has many areas of oversight, and each area needs exposure to share its programs and activities, the radio program will provide one centralized information command post.

            3 – There will be a GiE media and information Ministry, the set up of a national radio will be its first historic assignment.

            4 – I would provide a face for GiE in the public imagination.

            e.t.c…

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hailat,

            Good idea. Hope the NTF will consider your suggestion. You are always ahead of the curve. You should be member of the NTF.

            Regard

          • Woldegabriel Tesfamariam

            Selam Amanuel,
            I second you.

          • Aman Y.

            Selam Haw Haile TG and all,

            Haw Amanuel wrrote the purpose of his writing was in search of an “integrative discourse” for the Eritrean people. And I believe we can make the GiE a uniting project by recognizing and collaborating with all stake holders who had invested on this struggle. Your idea about the media is excellent. But why not work with existing radio and TV like ERISAT besides wouldn’t be first better to link the diasporas first.

            It is brilliant and boldness of SAAY to raise ELF/EPLF thought school, but EGiE should be much more inclusive with relatively vibrant movements, civics, parties, Bayto etc.

            SAAY mentioned that they talked to the organizations I think of important to work with. But it shouldn’t be a mere talk. There should an “integrative” approaches all the way: Integrative thought, integrative discourse , integrative arguments, integrative negotiations for the end result EGiE for diaspora. ንክንሰማማዕ ንሰማማዕ!

            Your idea about the media would an integrative idea.

            Respectfully

          • haileTG

            Merhaba Aman Y!

            I see what you mean here. One little house keeping though, the NTT may well already have an idea on this issue and I was only prodding gizyawi chairman saay to spill some beans:) I would rather the NTTmake all the determination and be acknowledged for their idea. [I hate to get on their way like that:]

            Now, for my two-cents worth, a new station vs. existing one? Well, I see the economic sense it makes and expediency as well as integration. However, to have a clean slate is important. Again, each established media have their own mission statement and audience base, would they abandon that to make way for the GiE? Also, the media work would be under the relevant departments of the exc branch and decisions need to be independent of external entities. So, if for example ERISAT would transfer all its assets to GiE [wofeya] then it can be renamed and rebranded and it would boost GiE moral. But if the ERISAT guys want to stay, well I will tell you a joke…

            There was once a tegadalay, during the struggle, who had a baby son. So, he named the baby son Ghedli. Unfortunately, after few years, Ghedli died of complications. As his father had to give people reason as to what happened, he went on saying “Ghedli wedey shim kebiduwo moytu” 🙂

          • Berhe Y

            Dear HaileTG and Aman Y.,

            I am sorry but I am not sure why would be necessary to build dedicated satellite / radio network for the GiE.

            I do align with Aman Y. thinking that we should utilize the existing media such as EriSat as a starting point. Beside the cost of setting us such network, we also need to consider the time and efforts required for the NFT to create content when they have other primary role to focus on, which is setting up the GiE.

            Even when the GiE is established, personally I am not in favor of having the government control or be part of the media. Sure it should have it’s information officer, and spokes person etc..but it should stay out of the media “propaganda business”.

            In the future Government of Eritrea, I think the role of the government was only to allocate “funds” for “public” broadcast but have no role in the content, except in crafting / ratifying laws to govern the media such as freedom of speech, hate speech etc.

            Having said that, I will try to share my comments with regards to the NFT and it’s future plans..

            Berhe

          • Brhan

            Hello Berhe,
            I have asked SAAY similar question and he is considering a webstie. A website is goo so that we can get info directly from the source, including the activities of NTT.

          • haileTG

            Merhaba AY and BY,

            I share your support for independent media, no question. But, there are public broadcasting corporations in all countries. PBS and VOA in the US, BBC in the UK, CBC in Canada, ERiTV/Dimxi Hafash in Eritrea…. The problem is that the last one was hijacked to serve a demented dictator. The purpose of public broadcasting is not primarily be a mouthpiece of the government but to have a media & broadcasting that is accountable to the people [through their tax $$] and not to private entities. A private media is privately owned and has private agenda/tendency. It is like most mainstream media in the US beholden to big techs. Public ownership isn’t really dirty word in itself but places of dictatorship [most third world] make it so.

            Aman, on the government diagram, I agree. Simply put, government is a means of social control that is expressed through the ability to make laws and enforce laws. That is a huge power and an ultimate one that sits atop a State or a nation. You want such entity to be independent, impartial and not beholden to interest groups and corporations as much as possible. This is why you need to tool it up with brand new things. A government doesn’t squat on an individual citizen’s backyard. It is inappropriate to do so. I tend to feel some consternation whenever I see individuals and groups offering up their services or community for the government. That is improper. They can donate or volunteer to help with government initiatives and programs but should not fancy themselves bigger than their true scope and reach.

            Regards

          • Aman Y.

            Selam Haw Haile TG and All

            You wrote, “on the government diagram, I agree. Simply put, government is a means of social control that is expressed through the ability to make laws and enforce laws.”

            Yes, I am hoping the government to facilitate the involvement of the people, and the laws to reflect the core values of the majority of the people. This would work for EGiE as well . The government will be small and accountable to the people through Bayto..

            The laws will include qualifier for all entities, media and civic will have to have a license , 501 C. and some criteria to the others.

            There should be a non partisan democratic election. And if for example a media person would like to run for an office he has to give up the media. The laws have to be sent to be ratified by Bayto

            Thank you for ingaging

          • haileTG

            Hey Aman Y,

            I just noticed how this notion of government as law maker and law enforcer actually ties with Aman H’s necropower argument. If you look at the war in Tigray. PMAA called it “law enforcement” operation. No other entity in society can enforce law with such a devastating lethal force and the world can say nothing! Only a government can do so with its inherent necropower. A religious sect can lay down laws on its followers but doesn’t have necropower to follow through with enforcement unless it also controls government. This is why I call the attempt to set up GiE is a monumental and historic move because ultimately it is a path that leads to those with the levers of the government to have power of life and death.

            Same gratitude for your engagement too brother!

          • saay7

            Selamat hailat and all:

            Speaking of professional media: Check out Tuesdays VOA Tigrinya interview with Samuel Emaha and me: It has the weirdest editorial at the end of the interview by the interviewer Tewelde. Lacking a quote from Government in Power (GiP), he speculates what they would say and then ends it with “ they have refrained from saying” what he speculates they would say. Now that’s some fine reporting 🙄

            saay

          • Bayan Negash

            Dear Sal Y., HaileTG, and all,
            First and foremost, job well done on your abilities to attract some of the robust media outlets. Samuel, you, and Dr. Almaz have done a very impressive work in your presentation. You’ve (you in its plural form, the three of you) clarified what needed to be re-explained.

            Back to your beef with the VOA.

            You gotta give credit for Towelde of the VOA in making a bold stand to interview you. He has a soft spot for the regime in Eritrea. It’s always clear in the way he frames the questions, in the kinds of guests that he brings, or in how he stays away from the hard topics that could implicate the regime in Eritrea. He brought a dissenting voice following the second part of your interview.

            So, I wouldn’t focus in how the first part ended. I would say that was one great platform for your cause…as you know more than anyone else, BBC Tigrinya and VOA, to some extent Radio ERENA have extensive following ranging from government officials to all Eritreans and Ethiopians who speak Tigrinya. So, this was a wonderful platform to advance your cause. And you did a marvelous job.

            One minor misgiving that I was hoping you would complement Samuel’s response when he was asked about how an exercise in futility it would be to dare to form a GiE…how the regime is one siTum administration that anyone would be hard pressed to find a crack to destabilize, a leading question, of course.

            Samuel gave one good response, one that focused on the exodus of the young, at the peek of which reached some 5k – 6k a month of Eritreans leaving the country. However, on the political crack is what I was hoping you would come to complement to his response saying something like the following:

            1. In the early 1990s, the veteran fighters faced the regime, they were quelled – they showed resistance to the regime’s ill gotten administrative skills.

            2. In 2001, the G-15 paid the ultimate price because they wanted constitutionally run government accountable to its people.

            3. In 2013, the FORTO uprising was about the need for a change. Wedi Ali’s demand was nothing more than wanting to have constitutionally led Eritrea. Wedi Ali and many others paid the ultimate price for it.

            4. In 2017, the Akhria uprising was the only grassroots movement from within Asmara, where civilian Eritreans showed their resolve to withstand the regime’s asinine assertion in wishing to make a private school to a public one. Here, too, the young, as young as 9 year old kids and the old, as old as 93 years of age (Haji Musa) paid the ultimate price for it.

            The regime can hardly be characterized as siTum miHdera. It is a glass ceiling that has three-and-a-half millions cracks in it, it is just a matter of time before it is smashed to pieces.

            All and all, you are comporting yourselves very well and handling your initiative as prudently as possible. Kudos for that. Keep it up. Keep the momentum going. You have cleverly brought Eritreans to the reality they needed to focus upon – The Eritrean issues.

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Beyan,

            I agree Saay and his fellow members have been phenomenal. In terms of the press release where they invited the media to attend, I think as important as it was, it was a bit long. Most professional journalists may not have that much time to listen to such long speech. My suggestion would be, release the documents to the various media organizations and keep the presentation to shorter event (10 min each) and do it as presentation material and leave the majority to question/ answer. It may have done already, but releasing the documents ahead, will help the participants to come prepared.

            I also want to let you know that you are always generous with your praise abs words of encouragement and I am sure it means a lot to all of them.

            While I am on it, I would also encourage you to use your wide influence and motivate and all your political leaders and contacts to fully engage.

            I like the formula Saay is heading towards to narrow the political division to two / three groups which is very manageable and will create great political maturity with time. What I really like this approach is it will blur any perceived division based on ethnicity, religions, region but focus on issues.

            This also will make the division and the separation clear from the spoilers that pop on everyday with narrow agenda, who are taking a huge wavelength than they deserve.

            Berhe

          • Bayan Negash

            MerHaba Berhe,

            Your idea of making the press release process more efficient makes sense.

            As if on cue, though Berhe you touched upon something that I am already doing. I am trying my level best to have certain leaders of a group of activists I know to take not only an interest in this but to be a part of the whole process. Hope it materializes. These are talented bunches. And once they believe in something they go full throttle. The challenge remains to get them to see the way I am seeing this GiE thing can become a force to reckon with, for the long haul that is. So, we will see if they are going to buy what I’m trying to sell them, if you will?

            When I first read Sal’s initial article, I couldn’t contain myself, had to express my excitement to him in private precisely for the reasons you mentioned and more. The GiE approach can become a demarcating project where everything in the end can fall in place. The Eritrea’s independence deniers will have their Abbay Tigray groups.

            But there is a formidable force they will have to reckon with. The solidness of it coming from young Eritrean nationals is very encouraging. In fact, I have been saving this brief video clip below because I so wanted to write something about it but let me share it here because it is befitting to what I am trying to say.

            A succinct art with a very unsettling message can convey and hit the intended target than an article size piece that one may try to write about it. TGIF! So, here it goes:

            https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9qasoUbbQow

          • Berhe Y

            MerHaba Beyan,

            I am sure you are doin great job and I know you will convince everyone. You also have very long history and credibility within the Eritrean elite and political entities that they know they can trust you, which is the reason I had wrote.

            ኣብ ርእሲ ልብኻ፥ እቲ ዘሎና ኣማራጺ እካ ብዙሕ ኣይኮነን። እንታይ ምስ ወሰኹልካ፥

            ዓዲ ከድካ ድርፎ ወሪድካ በለስ ወዲ በለስ፥ ወይ ድማ ከረን ወሪድካ ዘይቱን ወዲ ዘይቱን ዶ ምብላዕ ይሕሸካ ወይስ ኣብ ስደት ኮንካ ዓድኻ ንደቀማትካ ገዲፍካሎም ብማዖዶ ምስ ናፍቆትካ ከርተት ምባል፥፥

            እቲ ሓደ ብጉልበት፥
            እቲ ሓደ ብፍልጠት
            እቲ ሓደ ብንብራት፥
            ተአሳሲርና ብናይ ፍቅሪ ሰንሰለት፥
            ነልምዓያ ነዛ መርየት፥፥

            On the video you shared, it looks very scary for wider audiences. I don’t like any story related to sheyTan, I don’t like Halloween, I don’t like horror movies. My limit is at Frankenstein and with a stretch and after convincing I sat down to watch Dracula, which I don’t remember. As much as the future seems to be frightening, I think, it would be best if we focus on hope and bright positive future for us and for our country. That’s one reason I really like SGJ hopeful and positive message.

            Anther words of Abraham Afeworki:

            ነፍሲ ወከፍ ጸጋ ከይትባኽን
            ዘዝብርሀት ሽምዓ ከይትቕህም
            ዘዝበቐለት ተኽሊ ከይትቕምርር
            ዘዝነቐለት ክእለት ከይትዳኸም፥
            ንላዘብዶ ኣለና ንምኻኸር
            ንሰርምርዶ ኣለና ንተሓናገር

            Berhe

          • Bayan Negash

            Selam Berhe,
            I tell my wife to leave SheyTan alone when she tries to attribute human errors and lapses to SheyTan. Ease up on the dude. He is one of the best characters in all of the Abrahmic religions. I can say these things now, because when we were kids we used to be told that SheyTan would be detained during Ramadan. So, all of the conniving things that he does would fall on deaf ears, that God won’t allow it.

            As much as I would love to be a movie buff, unfortunately, I watch far less than I would like. So, I read Mary Shelley’s (1818) Frankenestein as literature in a class setting, the subsequent movie and various forms of Dracula movies were inspired by it. I had the pleasant opportunity also to read Pardise Lost in a class setting. Milton’s epic book gives Satan a role of a complex being right up there with Adam and Eve. It’s one fascinatingly complex read that I try to go back to whenever time permits it.

            Let us, however, deal with our own SheyTan back home who needs to be unseated from the political helm, who has made Eritrea hell on earth. How does one make this dude fall hard and fast as Milton’s Satan is portrayed in Paradise Lost. Well, Sal, the angel, may have found the path toward nirvana that all Eritreans dream of, which you have eloquently captured.

            You’re giving me more credit than I deserve. I’m not doing much other than trying to make people see this initiative the way I’m conceiving of it, which can really be a break through from the two decade long quagmire the opposition has been subjecting itself. The challenge with Eritreans in general when you try to make’m see the viability of a certain project, they expect the initiator of the project to come and address each and everyone of them personally, which is humanly impossible to do; unless one has the capacity of a SheyTan, or if it’s too spooky for you, Berhe, let’s then say the capacity of the angels.

          • Haile S.

            Selam Beyan,

            According to Genesis, the only inhabitant not formally chased away by decree from paradise is Satan. And he is probably the only one there until the Last Judgement. IA is the only leader in Eritrea still hunging untill D-day, the day of Delivrance. Both appear to be “Le mal necessaire” the necessary evils to incite humanity to be good. Eritreans are naturally good people, what is missing in us is our coming together. We are easily derailed by secondary issues when it comes to our common home, Eritrea. As the Tigrigna adage goes, we don’t look at the sad eyes of our mother, intead we long for our aunty!

            D-day appears to be close. Among the 127 episodes, have you ever seen SGJ in this posture in his last one? His eyes looks like Mary Magdalen’s in the painting by Carlo Dolci (please google it). His chicks betray the joyfulness they sees arriving.
            Eritrean ‘Parousia’ is coming!!!!!!!

          • Bayan Negash

            Selam Haile S.,
            Succinct yet a great deal is layered within your note above. I love the way you connected the dots. I did look up Carlo Dolci’s Mary Magdalene but I have yet to see or listen to Negarit 127. In fact, I put my earpiece to my ears wanting to listen to it last night, lo and behold, I woke up early this AM with the earpiece intact in my ears, but Negarit 127 was long done telling me while I was in a REM sleep. So, the homework you gave me is incomplete.

            But ending with Parousia triggered a poem on second coming that I read during my college years, which I’m sharing herewith. I listened to the audio part as I read the poem, it is fantastic:

            https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems/43290/the-second-coming

          • Haile S.

            Thank you Beyan,
            Beautiful! A website to bookmark! Done!

          • saay7

            Selamat Bayan:

            Thanks for the feedback and words of encouragement.

            On VOA: unlike the rest of our media, brevity is their mantra. The interview was heavily edited to fit their short segment.

            Having said that, I always find Samuels answers crisp and to the point. Unlike most scholars he is adept at economizing his words and I never find anything to add: but then I am a fan:)

            We will do our best on creating the momentum: Setit poll reported there is an 80% support for GiE. The rest is details: commitment and willingness to listen and persuade our transitional leaders to listen to the voice of the people.

            saay

          • Bayan Negash

            merHaba saay,

            I’m finding your no-response-response unsatisfactory, Sal – with all due respect. In fact, it’s akin to the Tigrinya adage that goes like this: ሓጺራትኒ አንተበልኩስ ደኒና ትዕስዕ ጌርካዬ’ቲ ጉዳይ:: I know BBC Tigrinya and VOA use the Western media format where they cannot afford to give their guests lengthy talking platform. In the heavy editing process, I understand a great deal of stuff that was said will be left unsaid; particularly if the interviewers are like Tewelde of VOA. They will be sure to present the most benign version of what was said.

            Level with me here, please. Are you saying a political answer was given but it was edited out? However, “crisp” his response, my first time to hear Samuel was during the press conference you held. So, I will take your word for it. He is sharp. No doubt about that. What you must keep in mind, I’m certain you know this but I will say it anyway: You’re playing a different political ballgame now, bro. It’s government in exile you’re attempting to establish. You need not only seize the moment, but you also have to up the ante when you are given a chance to do so is all what I’m trying to say here. Don’t let leave matters to chance just because you like “crisp” answers. There will be times when brevity won’t do, bro.

            Let the media outlets be burdened by their heavy editing process. Brevity is their mantra – I get it – but let them do the leg work. Don’t make it easy for them by giving them crisp responses. You’re given a platform to speak bombard them with facts. Whether they edit it out, well, you’ve done your part. Nobody I can think of matches your capacity to unearth facts from the past, at a lightning speed at that. In fact, that’s the strength you bring into the GiE.

            By default, you, to some extent now, Samuel and Dr. Almaz, have
            become the face of this project that we all want to succeed. No need to jump into defending Samuel, that was not necessary. You’re in a friendly territory here. My only wish is that this project you are earnestly undertaking knocks the socks off the regime and its supporters, off the political helm into the oblivion.

          • saay7

            Selamat Beyan:

            At the risk of repeating myself, the interview was heavily edited including info I considered essential and yes having tried to edit things I have an understanding for the challenge of trying to reduce a 40 minute or so discussion into 15-20. There is one and only one reason to agree to the not very neutral VOA Tewelde interview; it’s heard back home. The other three heard back home (EriSat, Erena and Assenna) have other priorities for now. But I am hopeful soon enough they will.

            While I concede that we have to learn to speak in sound bites, I guess I am happier with it than you are so i guess the short dancer will have to slouch some more 🙂

            saay

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Saay / Beyan,

            I think it was a huge success, the fact that VOA even was willing to cover it. We should see this as a building block for more coverage to come.

            I am convinced, the invitation / request coming from Saay has a lot to do with why VOA and others have shown interest. He is so awesome that it’s hard to say No.

            Keep it up so thrilled.

            Berhe

          • saay7

            Berhe:

            I have great news for you. Make a list of all the things you like about NTT and GiE. Made them? Guess what: All of them were the ideas of my teammates. So it’s a cliche but true: it’s a team effort. And the team will only get bigger and better:)

            saay

          • Bayan Negash

            Bro Sal,
            Modesty and humility are two virtues that most Eritreans seem to inhabit, sometimes, to a fault. Even if the list you compiled show the origin of the ideas emanating from team efforts, human nature is such that they want a face, a human being that they wish to associate it with. And you are that perfect face for it, signor! Think about it. Awate.com has been serving the public a forum to discuss ideas, but you and SGJ are the face of it. I’m sure behind the scene a whole lot more have helped to give it life, to sustain it. As HaileTG has aptly put it, your role here is critically important for the face of this project. Embrace it. Run with it. Take it to the bank. Eritreans in the end will be the beneficiaries of it. That’s my Saturday Shabbat for you, Sal. Now, let me go eat my siHur.

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Hi Saay7 and greeting to Awate community,
            I watched the GIE video, Its gutsy! & ‘2 ቅዱስ ሐሳብ ‘ @salehjohar:disqus I think there is room for improvement for your Flowchart Design by applying some industry standards, It looks like you need access to some advanced proprietary tools, It has been a long time since I did a complicated flowchart, but I will attempt to draft something for next weekend for your consideration(with your permission). Also, consider adding a tabular descriptive (as a supplement) below the flow chart. It can assist people like me to understand its intended meaning concisely. ‘በርገሳውያን ማሕበራት’. Can you post a short description of the diagram label, in Tigrigna, or English?
            2nd ቅዱስ ሐሳብ Seminar/conference needs to be capped at 45 minutes – 1 hour. :🤞

            Cheers,
            Reclaim

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Selamat All,
            Saay, SJ
            As promised here’s some effort from me.
            Maybe I call it a complete guideline for E-GIE, E-GiE for Dummies or E-GiE process chart.

            There are couple of things I didn’t understand, and hopefully some one could assist.

            https://ibb.co/gJZLy8W

            @saay7 @salehjohar:disqus
            Cheers,
            Reclaim

          • saay7

            Selamat Reclaim:

            I have to admit that your decision tree’s logical conclusion for somebody who says no to everything (terminate…) made me laugh.

            I don’t know if Awate U discussed this but I gotta ask: why do you want to reclaim Abyssinia? In times of peace Abyssinia can’t feed itself and in times of war (which is most of the time), it doesn’t know how to abide by the codes of war. What is there to reclaim?

            saay

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            I am glad to hear that it put a bit of a smile on your face Saay.
            I think I would like to take the liberty to explain a bit.

            1. Looks like you have carefully analysed it, there is no way out for all the people that want to bring change in the motherland regardless of their belief. The implementation of this process gives ample opportunity for entering into collaboration, unity, etc with all relevant actors. Like you said unless someone is a No NO to everything like a two-year-old child… I feel like saying ‘this is it!’.

            2. I believe this chart covers most of the points raised in the presentation. It needs a bit of tinkering though. Require group discussion for improvements, all comments are welcome.

            3. The logic check addresses it all, and it’s a loop that will continuously loop around for people to prepare themselves and align within the process or let’s call it ‘the system’.

            4. There is an opportunity for everyone to participate and to make their voice heard(‘ይአክል’) as a community, political party, even individuals either as a professional contribution within the area of their expertise or to solidify in their choice of group wherever they are.

            5. Bonus, this will further strengthen the Eritrean people as a community (ሁለት ወፍ በአንድ ድንጋይ)allowing them to move to ‘the bridge’ to stage 3. It’s the journey, not the destiny.

            6. Stage 4, just placed itself perfectly, that stage is for the executives, ‘ፈላዊ ዋዕላ?’, it doesn’t allow you to ignore individuals ዋጭ ዋጭ, outer event triggers the inner (‘Agreement’ the diamond table can not move to stage 5 until stage 4 == Yes) eg. ongoing 45 minutes ‘seminar’ until agreed. Attendee can identify at what stage they are, and expected to participate accordingly.

            7. This can be converted to a working document for your future data collection and qualitative/quantitative analysis for decision making (if you want to explore big-data analysis), I think many of you would love this as you guys are a fan of research.

            8. The bottom of the chart needs to have a tabular description, It was a bit hard for me as I was not sure about some of the Tigrigna terminology. I think you need multi-linguistic to translate it to Tegere, Saho, Afar, Arabic, etc

            I will upload you a pdf version if you want to alter/change etc

            Last but not least, Abyssinia, let me get back to you on that. In short, the history of Abyssinia, its mythical history, its juicy story, and the Archaic war, taught differently in every region. The Ethiopian version, Eritrean version, Writers on payroll, the 19th-century journal, etc.

            Cheers,
            Reclaim

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Hi Saay,
            Here’s the link for the pdf. I didn’t test the link hopefully it works.
            https://drive.google.com/file/d/1j3nrLDIZB4aGx0lN1nioD8MUgTdejgpq/view?usp=sharing
            Cheers,
            Reclaim

          • saay7

            Haha Reclaim:

            Since we are trying to focus on issues (what) instead of personalities (who), don’t you think an influence diagram is a better option than a decision tree? Even the ELF and EPLF are schools of thought (what) and not the persons or orgs (who)

            But Yeqenyelna.

            saay

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Lol,
            Too fast, yea? or I’m I being pushy? You increased my level anxiety with your project.
            I believe the best way to get things done is when you do it your way. Don’t want to confuse anyone.
            I am looking at it from a technical point of view, the fundamental/scenario can be anything but there are technical principles that work. Everything in the developed world become process-driven, you need a process. This flow chart is a process, it takes time until it sink-in even though it’s simple and it can get complex as it goes.
            My intention was simply to give a tip & want to share with you a technic/method you can utilise as you go, but please keep it, any question feel free to shoot. It looks like I might use it on our ‘በርገሳውያን ማህበር’, and make it inheritable in both directions.
            Cheers,
            Reclaim

          • saay7

            Reclaim:)

            It’s a great process. I will have to share it with our team members.

            saay

          • Haile S.

            Selam Reclaim and Saay,

            Reclaim, first thank you for last weekend’s link to the old Asmara-ሕንጻይ. Continue on your search on possible origin of Taranta, a name of a mountain or chain of them. Your relative’s explanation through the italian word 30 doesn’t make sense as the word was recorded in books as far as 1700dth. Continue your search among the ዓሳውርታ vocabulary.

            On your flow chart, you did’t leave a chance to a non -party or -org member who is incorporated in a developed world whether he wants to join the GiE or not, other than the vicious cycle ዕንክሊል enclosed in red lines. No exit for the “large majority”. You didn’t even give a choice to join or rejoin an organization or a party.

            Saay,
            Reclaim was asked a question to explain his reclamation. His answer was “better reclaim abyssinia than die in the Mediterranean”. He wanted to destroy colonial maps and unite from Sudan to Kenya and from Somalia to Central Africa. His mistake is reclaiming Abyssinia instead of Ethiopia, the old name of all this region including the south Atlantic ocean.

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Selam Haile,

            I’m glad you pointed out , designing process line needs discussion, i’m sure there will be room for improvements. the test for “are you an individual incorporated in a developed country?” developed/developing
            please help me reword. I think you probably know English is my fifth language.🙏🏾

            “No exit for the majority” was intentional 👌. I am looking at it from a perspective that once you are in (‘if they want change’), the only option is to align yourself with a process.
            You can do that by continuously testing yourself or your organisation, until you find a path, or ‘try to fit in’, or you need to fulfil the requirements. Love to hear your thought on my perspective.

            Regarding Reclaim, thanks for that😁. I think it will be way too ambitious to go all the way to south Atlantica, it doesn’t go that far. Were you asking me about the map from which century?
            Cheers,
            Reclaim

          • Haile S.

            Selam Reclaim,

            English is as second language to you as to me. And you are good at it.

            If you want to keep the large-majority under intense pressure, scratch the scalp and incite them for a radical decision, keep it as is. After all, as you did it intentionally, the challenge is to find a way when everything looks obscured.

            You can also give them a leading chance by redirecting the red yes arrow to the box with question ‘do you want to participate in Eritrean GiE’ instead of to ‘are you a member of EPLF or ELF’. And also change the original question to ‘would you like to be member of any other political party or organization’. Another additional choice is to bifurcate that arrow to: one arrow goes as above and the other to ‘register your interest as Bergesawyan mahber’.

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Hi Haile,
            Thank you for the excellent suggestion, I can make the suggested change and we do the test drive, see how it flows.
            How about at @disqus_OpSl7Ee8sN:disqus , I’m looking for criticisms and I’m not getting enough of that, can you help?
            በውጭ አገር ጉዳይ አልገባም እንዳትል አደራ, from technical prospective.
            Cheers,
            Reclaim

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Hi Haile,
            Sorry about the late response, please see the link below for draft V 2.0
            https://ibb.co/2hV92zx

            I think the label for “would you like to be member of any other political party or organisation” need to test as
            “Are you existing member of any other organisation/party or would you like to be member of any other political party/organisation” How do you do this in a short statement?

            Cheers,
            Reclaim

          • Haile S.

            Selam Reclaim,

            You can try this:
            Are you
            or would you
            like to be a memeber of
            another political
            party or org.?

            Or change the diamond- shape to rectangle.

          • Reclaim Abyssinia
          • Barrole

            Selam Reclaim,

            What you need to do is change your provocative forum name to something more suitable with your views. There is no Abyssinia to reclaim and there has never been a united Abyssinia.

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Selam Barrole,
            If I understood correctly, I take your comment as a compliment.

            But just out of curiosity,
            what makes you think it’s provocative if it didn’t, or doesn’t exist?
            እንታይ ዓቢሱልና colonial map?

            From around the 1940ish to these days we have been deprived of peace, freedom and dignity. This is not only for Eritrean but all our brother and sisters in East Africa. If it’s not gone get fixed then we have to look deep into the root of the problem. We probably need to create a bigger outlook for all. We need to think beyond ourselves. May be we are forgetting the value of human life and we continue to embrace land.

            Cheers,
            Reclaim

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Saay,

            Hope you had a good weekend and happy Romedan. I just want to let you know how much I appreciate all and yours and teammates efforts. I had a chance to listen to AAN Media Network where they had a segment titled “ሓይሊ ዕማም ናይ ስደት መንግስቲ” ህዝቢ እንታይነቶም ይፈልጦም ድዩ ፥ ስለ ምንታይ ከበግሱ ተገዲዶም [meaning NFT] by ማቲዎስ ዘልአለም where he covered briefly the profile of the NFT members.

            I have not followed AAN media for long but it seem that they have great discussion and topic they cover and perhaps, you [your team] can consider being a guest in their network as well.

            I think he did a very good job and I had a chance to learn about all the good work of your teammates. In short, I understand what you mean.

            What I like to say though I know, you and your team are working a lighting speed, please do take time to take care a break and take time to breath and shut down. Get good rest, get your exercise, easy on the coffee:).

            Berhe

          • saay7

            Selamat Berhe:

            Thanks for your care and concern. Beyond the NTT members I am fortunate to have advisors like my good friend SGJ who are more experienced and can help us navigate the opposition terrain. As the provisional chairman of the team part of my task is to ensure efficiency and to protect the team from toxic media and prima donnas because, having been a member of several teams, I understand the biggest enemy is burn out. (I am a bit more fortunate: my field is education/pedagogy and patience and repetition is considered essential and not a nuisance.) So yes I agree with you pacing is important, but it’s all within the context of an Eritrea, a nation that every time we think has hit bottom, the NNNN manage to find new lows.

            While the AAN intro was extremely generous, I wish the writer had waited just a bit to learn more about Dr Almaz so he can introduce her properly. She is a force to be reckoned with who takes a citizens duty to be informed of extremely seriously and if it is being written about spoken about and it involves Eritrea, she knows about it first, regardless of the media outlet.

            Thanks to all of you who are the winds beneath the wings of NTT. And dear God I hate that song:)

            saay

          • Haile S.

            Selam Sal,

            May you have an armadillo skin, tough but flexible. Your good friend SGJ is getting covered with the crocodile one!

          • saay7

            Hey Hailat:

            I actually have a normal skin. It is just that, from experience, I (like to think) I have fine tuned my BS detector. To modify the famous proverb, ቀሓር ትህበኒ ቅጫ ኣብ መቅሎኣ ከላ እፈልጣ and I avoid it (or humor it) because life is too short 🙂

            saay

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Saay,

            Glad to hear. As to Dr. Almaz, I am long time fun and admirer. Not only now, but long time ago, when she use to walk the street of Kombishitato like no other with beauty, elegance and confidence. Very proud of gual kefteNay, pass my regards.

            Berhe

          • Bayan Negash

            Berhe,
            An alternative to upvoting until I figure it out why it’s not making easy for me to acknowledge. I agree with you completely, the press conference was, indeed, “a huge success”.

          • Bayan Negash

            merHaba saat,
            It’s been a while since I have not been able to upvote, in a way of acknowledging that I’ve read the message, I don’t know why. It asks me to sign in and when I do, I still can’t. At any rate, this is my version of upvoting, and thanking you for responding. Oops, I mean “for slouching some more”. It’s all good. The main thing is we are not talking past one another.

          • haileTG

            Hey saay,

            Sorry for the late reply (site was down). Yes, I followed the interview and I guess Tewelde/VOA have that angle to them. The truth is however, I am hearing alot of positive reaction from people across the isles about the GiE, and your competent stewardship so far is a huge factor, trust me on that – without discounting anyone of course.

            I know this is a depatrture, but when is @GiE handle coming and most importantly, is the NTT ready to fundraise (gofundme etc…) so people can chip in with the work. I know this things take time, but it doesn’t hurt to nudge you.

          • Aman Y.

            Selam Haw Sahle,

            “You want such entity to be independent, impartial and not beholden to interest groups and corporations as much as possible. This is why you need to tool it up with brand new things.”

            This is what you wrote when we were discussing the media the other day.
            Yes GiE has to be independent and impartial. But all just seekers be it the media, civic or political should involve in setting the GiE.

            The GiE will unify justice seekers an be their support to create synergetic relationships with everyone in the struggle. Asking already active media and others to rebrand won’t be feasible. Better to collaborate in all areas and have keep everyone to their brands. Finally, would it make it a special interest if I solicit GiE to collaborate for the same cause.

            Disclosure ERISAT Volunteer

          • haileTG

            Merhaba Haw Aman Y,

            I know there are Eritrean opposition Media such as ERISAT that are doing great job at trying to be as independent as possible. But
            generally speaking, most of our opposition media are selfsame with the
            political activism they represent. It would be great to have all the media we have in the opposition camp to give air time promoting the GiE (because it is an important national milestone). At the same time, GiE having its own information epicenter via its own radio programming is uniquely important.

            Now, by going through the list you validly provided, the GiE
            communications can present programs and reporting that show:

            – How GiE is involving all justice seekers, the media, civic
            and political movements in its activities to build itself.

            – How GiE is helping to “unify justice seekers and be their support to create synergetic relationships with everyone in the struggle”

            It is not really necessary for GiE to speak through third party. Instead, third parties can unpick official information from the GiE itself and report it according to their own perspectives.

            For your question, it would appear that way. As GiE is representative of all Eritreans, you can support its work 100% in every way possible. But, Mengisti malet Hizbi Malet Eyu, how can you ask Hizbi Eritra to “collaborate” with you on “same cause”?

            On a lighter side, we can say Ziban Mengiti, Mengisti yimutu and many other phrases that show us the independence and supremacy of government in society.

          • Aman Y.

            Selam Haw Haile TG and all

            The ideal scenery of a democratic governmental roles is described by a concentric circle diagram. The outer most large crust represents the people and their roles. The area(donut) between each consecutive concentric line defines the terms of references or the roles for each sector to play in the government. The core of the circle is designated for the government (EGiE) in our case.
            1. People: Peoples’ Movements, demonstrations, elections, etc.
            2. Media Institutions: Civic, religious, advocacy, trade, think-tank,
            3. Political Parties: Two or more parties
            4. Governing Body: Ruling/elected political officials
            5. Government: Public servants, military, teachers, etc.

            That means you can not serve as civic and act individual, at the same time or you can not be a media and government at the same time. “No dual citizenship”. Not knowing our roles in the struggle has been one of the setbacks for the opposition. Now, to make our struggle successful, our shared purpose and priority should be setting the EGIE collectively.

            Even Ghedli has a role at EGiE!

          • Saleh Johar

            Excellent view Anan, totally agree with you.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            ሰላም ሃይላት,

            ዝመረሮም ተጋደልቲ አብ ሜዳ “ገድሊ እምበር ገደል” ይብሉ ነይሮም:: ሕጂኸአ ንስኻ እቲ “ሽም ገድሊ ከቢድዎ መይቱ” ዝብል ዕላል አምጺእኻልና:: It is hilarious. ዕላል ተጋደልቲ መወዳእታ የብሉን::

            Regards

          • saay7

            Selamat Hailat:

            Man you are full of ideas. Don’t you think that one of the lessons learned from our 20 yrs of opposition (since opposition went mainstream) was that one can’t tell the difference between political orgs, civil society and media? We have enough media outlets; it’s just that they suffer from the same weaknesses we identity in the political groups. For example, the press conference invite was sent to every media outlet (news, entertainment, institutions, and solo acts.) Some chose not to show up (BBC Tigrinya, Erena, and all the YouTube interview shows), some showed up and broadcast the press conference and some are still looking for their own angle. The problem is even press conferences are treated as “content” and many of our media services use them as an opportunity to differentiate themselves from others.

            The GiE website is only to be used for generating an @GiE email and to archive documents… the rest should be the media’s job. I mean we don’t want to be like Eeitrea1 or shaebia.org that are now shut down because በዓል ዱካን መፍትሑ ሒዝዋ ኸይዱ

            Saay

    • Berhe Y

      Dear HaileTG,

      Can you share the link to the press conference?

      Berhe

  • said

    Greetings,
    Establishing Eritrean unified Governing Authority(EUGU).
    In supporting GIE . A United front, All Eritrean people coming from all generations, ethnicities, religions, regions and civil groups, have to united, alongside many people in Eritrea of opposing the PFDJ mounting repression. PFDJ has no objective beyond self-preservation.

    Eritrean people are not one-dimensional identity, whether it is religion and ethnicity, there is no sole identity. We know PFDJ One heart and identity, a lethal trend has contributed to the fraying of societal cohesion and the fragmentation of Eritrean. Imagining and Perceiving our identity through this prism means that we Eritrean have a different ethnicity
    We have a common with all Eritrean compatriots in terms of number language, roots, culture, history and geography transcends differences that may exist. This way of thinking is critical to the present our situation and as Eritrean we share and the future we must build together united and to embark on a reset of our present trajectory .

    An inclusive entity that include ethnic political organizations, political parties and civil society groups and representing all Eritrean society and greater representation for ethnic minority groups .No one should be left out . Eritrea belongs to the people. Only Eritrean should decide their fate and destiny . Ironically, this trend runs contrary to the reality in Eritrea . A modern world characterised by the constant movement of people, goods and ideas and by a vibrant cross-cultural interface.

    Eritrean identity is becoming increasingly more complex and multi-layered and there is also a conscious effort to highlight commonalities and downplay differences to nurture peaceful coexistence among our people. It means deciding not to fear differences of many language, many culture and ethnicity and it means number religious faith . It means realizing that all of us are equal first class citizen at a Eritrean level, and what we have to learn from one another is endless. Yet sadly that Eritrean youth and future generation are leaving the nation in drove , what a future for nation.

    We must build consensus and to come with acceptable agenda and drafting document with collective effort, workout policy and to establish a Eritrean unified governing authority(EUGU) . Lay out new document a plan for setting up transitional institutions, particularly an interim government of Eritrean national unity. Drafting be should collective effort. Eritrean various ethnic groups, political parties, civil society organizations and Eritrean leaders of the civil disobedience movement. No group or entity should dominate the organization. No hidden agenda and entity should not advocate foreign agenda, they Should be sidelined. Those hegemonic group ,an intolerant, anti-democratic, unsustainable—can be stopped before it is too late. But it requires that the best of us regain the conviction. They are determined to undermine democratic hope.They do not have a sense of common love to hold a country together.
    They are well known in using the language of nationalism and particularism. They speak in the name of imagined majorities that are ethnically and religiously homogeneous. They have increasingly been active creating alliances with non Eritrean .

    Eritrean future will address the complex relations with our two main neighbours In this context, a dialogue with Sudan and Ethiopia , with whom have many disagreements, with Ethiopia but also much in common with two nation. It is past due we must put an end to end less war and stop the futile civil wars and horrific bloodshed that continue to devastate our regain .we must seek to resolve our differences through dialogue and mutual accommodation. With these no ending wars have been a blot on our deep collective conscience for far too long.

    Eritrean Unified Governing Authority(EUGU) in representing all Eritrean and must have an equity in represents them all in voice , to show and have an unprecedented show of unity behind its vision and mission under one umbrella.
    Eritrean best interest to be united and close ranks. Based in equality and equity , we must first shed the habit of papering over our shortcomings or apportioning blame to someone else.
    We need to have a political dialogue and thoughtful conversation among our varied intellectual elite , an Eritrean elite that has been largely marginalised for decade and non elite common Eritrean . we need For this honest conversation to be fruitful and meaningful and result oriented , it must include the open civil society, Known for its integrity and transparency , as well as the general public. We should focus on who we are, what we aspire for , what constitutes our national interest and our security, what we want to achieve and how best to go about it. We need to learn to live together in harmony and peace , both within and in diaspora , as one Eritrean nation accepting diversity and respecting our minorities and present in the table .

    Eritrean Unified governing authority should ask financial and technical assistance. direct help from the international community to accomplish these goals. And to bring back elevated civilian rule, the international community should not repeat its past mistakes. It should understand that Eritrea has never had a unified nation and acknowledge the aspirations of the different ethnic groups within its borders.

    Eritrean choose is clear .Leaning from our past failing .What we make today will be fundamental to our bright future. Are we better off in terms of development border security, economic and cohesive social development, and cultural advancement, we what happened when we are divided, We can easily fall prey to neighboring and foreign interests and have little political and little economic leverage?, we need to build a democratic system of governance with transparency and accountability undergirded by a vibrant and representative of all Eritrean civil society.

    Clearly – that there is an urgent need for new reform in governance that guarantees the rule of law, free political participation and establishing human rights entity .
    For the last 30 years It is obvious that we are trailing behind in the basic tools for progress – in every aspect in building a nation ,be it is science, technology, research and education – despite human resources at our disposal. With out vibrant economy and productive society, it is death of a nation.

  • Reclaim Abyssinia
    • Saleh Johar

      Thanks Reclaim,
      Thank you for the well thought of comment.
      I can’t add anything to what you said but only one point “1. Land? I can only think of a land.”

      Here, consider everything we do to reclaim Eritrea is being poured into a funnel, the narrow end flows into every Eritrean, and somehow to Eritrea, the land. So, it’s with that understanding that we keep pouring our physical energy, our emotions and aspiration in to the funnel. I hope nothing is lost there provided the funnel does not have holes through which much of what we pour is wasted before reaching its intended destination.

      Thanks

      • Reclaim Abyssinia

        Thanks SJ, and Hi all,
        I recommend you to watch this 1965 wwII movie The Best of Enemies Part 2
        https://youtu.be/Sl2X1Y3a5sE
        Listen to the Tigrigna at the beginning of part2. I think it’s hilarious. here’s a link for part1 https://youtu.be/e6XhT3VZfJI

        Cheers,
        Reclaim

    • Reclaim Abyssinia

      Dear Saleh,
      If may be permitted to share the thinking with you, I may have the suggestion as a missing point from the real world.
      What’s missing from the real world?
      1. Land? I can only think of a land.
      2.____ Court
      Court:
      a place where trials and other legal cases happen, or the people present in such a place, especially the officials and those deciding if someone is guilty: Source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/court

      Is it possible to set up a Court in the new world new life, second chance, second lifewith a new mindset? We don’t need to be stuck in the Archaic world with an Archaic mindset. @berhey:disqus @haile_s:disqus @hailetg:disqus @disqus_bOyBSKcegK:disqus @disqus_OpSl7Ee8sN:disqus

      Example:-
      watch this review: see what you can grasp out of it.
      https://www.newyorker.com/video/watch/bamako
      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bamako_(film)

      Reclaim

      • Saleh Johar

        Okay,
        It seems you are suggesting a cyber Eritrea in lieu of the real one! I haven’t embraced the virtual world that much. Wait for a century if I live till then 🙂 for now my eyes are set on the sand, rocks and sea of Eritrea.

        • Reclaim Abyssinia

          Hi Saleh,
          No, I am not suggesting a virtual Eritrea instead of the real one. I am suggesting that you now have the opportunity to do everything that was constrained in the past. Now because of the technology at hand, a lot can be achieved if we think outside the box. Treat it like being in Keren and Asmara, the world is getting smaller day by day.

          You can utilise those tools, to achieve the greater goal. I know where your mind and heart is set at. It’s understandable.
          I believe a government either in exile or in its land or virtually, still need a Court. For a court to operate you only need people. Also, Court is independent of the government.
          The separation of powers doctrine:- that in interpreting and applying the law, judicial officers act independently and without interference from the parliament or the executive. I hope make sense.
          Cheers,
          Recalim

          • Saleh Johar

            Reclaim,

            I think as plong as we are in are in exile, the law of the land we live in is supreme. No one can set a foreign court in a sovereign land. Exiled people can have a pact of honor. Makes sense?

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Salehena,
            Please explain 🙏🏾, it doesn’t make sense.
            I don’t know what you mean by “Exiled people can have a pact of honor.”
            The land is getting empty, the people who send us to exile and the people in exile are here in exile together.
            How could that be a foreign Court if it’s organised by the people of a sovereign land and it’s people?
            Sovereignty of the land is associated with it’s people, they are tangible. For me people comes first, and it is reality, if it’s tested properly in the law of Court. Can a land by it self have sovereignty, without it’s people? I don’t believe there is sovereignty without the right for it’s people to live in it.
            I hope make sense.
            Cheers,
            Reclaim

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    Adi Halo [GoE] has finally admitted its presence in Tigray, denied charges of war crimes and promised to withdraw as per agreement with ENDF for ‘simultaneous re-deployment’ to international boundary position [yet to be demarcated]. This admission came following the usual pattern of the coward IA. Yesterday, there was talk of ICC at the highest levels in the close-door AOB at UNSC. A seasoned ex-diplomat, Herman Cohen – Hank, twitted later in the day a rather blunt message to IA. He said “Isaias Afewerki better get his troops out of Tigray because if he doesn’t, ICC seems inevitable and he is the first target. Similar strongly worded messages were also aired by the US permanent rep. at the UNSC. Promptly, this morning, the regime’s UN rep. and a presser at Shabait heeded the warnings and responded “as the looming grave threat has been largely thwarted, Eritrea and Ethiopia have agreed – at the highest levels – to embark on the withdrawal of Eritrean forces and the simultaneous redeployment of Ethiopian contingents along the international boundary,” . This shows that the Tigray war is far from over and the regime is bogged down, unable to stop the deteriorating situation and mounting resistance.

    • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

      ሰላማት ሃይለ-ኣርካን

      ብበትሪ ዝኣምን ስርዓት
      ምስ ወጸ ኣብ ቅርዓት

      ክልመን ይኣቢ
      ገጅፍ በትሪ ምስ ረኣየ
      —–ብሕስረት
      ኣሜን ይብል ከም ከልቢ
      —-ተሞክሮ ናይ ሓምሳ ዓመታት
      ዘይመሃር ዘየጥረየ ልቢ
      ብሂወቱ በድኒ

    • Brhan

      Merhaba HaileTG,
      It is said now PF(DJ) has now a theme for the upcoming independence day celebration: “Always ready for all possibilities.” And this goes with A. Ahmed Ali acknowledgement but contradicts with General Bacha’s!

      • haileTG

        Selamat Brhan,

        That’s true. Also, if we see the wordings on the Eritrean regime’s statement, the message is vague.

        – Threat has been largely thwarted: this doesn’t agree with Ethiopian claim that TPLF has been put out of action.

        – To embark on withdrawal: this doesn’t agree with Ethiopian claim that Eritrean troops only entered border areas

        – Simultaneous redeployment of Ethiopian contingents: this doesn’t agree with Ethiopian claims that it is the positions that Eritrean troops left which ENDF would take over. All it says that Eritrean troops will withdraw from Tigray and ENDF would also re-position at the border.

        In simple terms, the Eritrean side is saying that both Eritrea and Ethiopia worked together to tackle TPLF and Eritrean troops are now beginning the process of withdrawal which could take an indefinite time to complete. The very fact of the matter therein implies that they are facing opposition from the TPLF and are unable to implement it immediately.

  • Brhan

    መርሓባ ዓዋተዊያን
    ረመዳን ሙባረክ!

    ሕቶ፡ ስለምንታይ ኢዩ ውልቀ መላኺ ሰራዊት ኤርትራ ካብ ኢትዮጵያ ክወጽእ ዘይደሊ ዘሎ፡
    1. ከምቲ መብዛሕትአን ናይ ኤርትራ ሶሻል ሜድያ ክምዝሓበረኦ ( ዝሾለኸ 26 ገጻት ዘለዎ ናይ ህግ(ደፍ) ጽሑፍ ተሞርኪሰን) ሰራዊቱ እቲ ዝተወጠነ ዕማም ስለዘይዛዘሞ
    2. መወጽኢ ስለዝሰኣነ? ሰራዊቱ ስለተቐርቀሩ
    3. ንገንዘብ ኢሉ … ኣመና እንተጸኒሑ ኣመና ገንዘብ ካብ ኣብይ ይረከብ….ኩዌትን ቀጠርን…ልቓሕካ ምለስ እናበለ ድሮ ከሲሰን ኣለዋ
    ኣመሪካ፡ ሰራዊት ኤርትራ ካብ ኢትዮጵያ ብቅልጡፍ ክወጽእ ጸዊዓhttps://www.bbc.com/tigrinya/news-56770031
    ብትግርኛ እንተንመያየጠላ ምመረጽኩ…ነቲ ትፈልጥዎ ኢትዮጲያዊ እየ በሃላይ ጸያቒ ሰብ ንምዕጋት

    • Aman Y.

      ሰላም ብርሃን

      ምስታ ቀዳመይቲ ይሰማማዕ፤ ናይ ንሕውሓት ምጥፋእ ውጥኖም ስለዘይተዓወተ።

    • Saleh Johar

      ብርሃን,
      ብድላይካ ጸሓፍ ተወዲኡና ስልዘሎ ኣይክንጽመምን ኢና::

    • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

      ብርሃን ነብሲ
      ኣነስ ቁጽሪ ሓደን ሰለስተን ምበልኩ። የግዳስ ካብ ኩሉ ንላዕሊ [መንእሰያት ኤረትራ ከጥፍእ] ቀዳማይ ዕላማኡ ‘ዩ። ብድሕሪኡ ምስ ኢትዮጵያ ክሕውሳ መን ኣይፋል ክብሎ።
      ስለዚ ቁጽሪ ኣርባዕተ ንበላ።

      • Brhan

        Hi MM ነብሲ,
        The first person to announce the presence of Eritrean forces in Tigray, Ethiopia has become Sophia T/Mariam. But she is saying the opposite of the key message of the leaked 27 pages. ፋሕ ኢላ!

        • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

          ብርሃን ነብሲ
          You think the devil tells his own Ambassadors? He use them for his own purpose and discard them. He is simply a gang leader [maybe less]

  • Aman Y.

    Dear Ato Amanuel

    I , personally, would like to thank you for this thought provoking writing. I thought discarding IA was our “integrative purpose” and ” shared purpose” as I call it. And thank you Awate for boldly initiating the EGiE’s as a measurable goal. I believe Non Partisan Election would be great for electing EGiE leaders. By being non partisan the GiE leaders will hand off their responsibilities to their respective organizations. I heard Ato Hiruy saying partisanship was the major problem for them. There should not be conflict of interests. Having said that please find a message I shared with “Bayto Yiakl” during its inception.

    Dear Bayto

    Greg Satell on his how protests Become successful social movements writes, “ Throughout history, social movements –small groups that are loosely connected but united by a shared purpose –have created transformational change. Women’s suffrage and civil rights in the U.S., Indian independence, the color revolutions in Eastern Europe, and the Arab Spring all hinged on the powerless banding together against the powerful.”
    The “Yiakle” movement can only succeed if we unite and focus on our shared purpose of removing the DICTATOR rather than doubting each other. The lack of our unity has been the setback for the opposition. To make this social movement successful our shared purpose and priority should be removing Isaiah Aforki and his close loyalists. We should not demonize each other with unfound rumors. To the contrary we should trust, welcome and encourage each other in unity. We should even trust and encourage PFDJITES to defect and join the change seekers. Though, I would not suggest putting the newly converted(x-PFDJ to the leadership for security reasons.

    Suggested action items for “Yiakle”Movement:

    a.Mobilize our community under the current enough slogan (ይአክል! ጭርሖ)

    i. We believe the current and immediate change the people of Eritrea would like to see is the removal of Isayas Aforki and his cronies. Accordingly, all change seekers would collaborate to create grass root chapters and mobilize our community with this shared purpose. We would rather argue our differences, political ideology and hierarchy later.

    b. Erode the support of Isayas in our community and garner support from all areas: Media, influential people(Eritrean and friends of Eritreans)

    i. We believe we can shift the spectrum of allies by figuring out whom we expect active or passive supporter of the regime and who will offer neutrality at best. On the other side, we could identify and support active oppositions and encourage the passive ones. The new PFDJ converts should empower not undermine the opposition people who have been invested in the movement for decades. All the new participants of the change should try to be fuels to the fire and accelerate the existing momentum and create a force to push the regime off the cliff.

    ii. We should solicit support from international media, NGO, government officials, influential Eritrean and friends of Eritreans’ around. The Ethiopian government through its embassy should be approached to sever its ties with Isayas through media and diplomacy. Esayas can only be defeated with a crisis impacted situation. The closer of the Sudan boarder was the crisis which forced him to make amends with Ethiopia.

    c. Identify the opposition and democratic forces around and create a net work to stabilize the structure needed to sustain the dynamic progress.
    i. Support and empower Eritrean religious leaders to challenge the government’s injustice supporters and call for repentance and reconciliation.

    ii. Engage with Eritrean Scholars, Civic Groups and political organizations around and call for Peace, Reconciliation and Coalition Building and formulate economical and legal road map post Isayas. “Yiakle”Movement could create a neutral platform to help and encourage all just and democratic forces focus on our shared purpose of removing Isayas by merging under similar Yiakle slogan.

    iii. ”Yiakl” Movement to Acknowledge and host Nationally recognized long term Justice seekers Eritreans individuals and organizations to clarify current ambiguous issues and organize and host content experts to solve and draw road maps.

    d. Respond to the general public’s fear of failure and the uncertainty to handle and save the victory post Isayas.

    i. “Yiakl” Movement would build a plan to survive the Victory by unifying all justice seekers with a dynamic strategy to serve the communal social and economical needs of its members.
    1. Create or find common goals to unify Eritreans and come up with planned activities reflective of its diversity in Gender, Religion, Age etc.
    2. Create professional, carrier, business, students’ etc. networks in with other cities potential genuine Eritreans.
    3. Use the knowledge of Eritrean Ex- high officials, military officers, opposition political parties, human right advocates and others and connect them to educate the youth.
    4. Empower Eritrean media in all aspects: financially, equipment, capacity building etc
    5. Work on diplomacy with neighboring countries governments around like Ethiopia, other countries, US representative and their opposition parties, civic and media.

    2. We have also to be cautious and guard the security of the community to sustain and build on the current stir up in our community. Historically, social movements end or are hijacked by political forces or end up being political forces by themselves. And our experience with PFDJ doesn’t need explanation.
    Sincerely,
    ”Aman” Yitbarek

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Aman,

      Thank you for sharing your proposal for the Yekakil movement. At this juncture I am observing three “distinctive” and “parallel” proposals each of which has formed a “task force” to organize and implement their proposals. And they are:

      1 – Saay’s proposal to form GIE in the process to unite the opposition camp and become an alternative force to PFDJ. I think they have formed a task force, in I am not mistaken.

      2 – Amanuel Iyassu’s proposal to organize Eritreans who consider Issayas as their prime enemy of the Eritrean people and who want to form “United Front” with TPLF to defeat Issayas and rescue “Eritrea” and the “ people of Eritrea” and prevent from going to the fold of Ethiopia. They have already formed a task force.

      3 – Though it is not not clear to me the proposal of the Yeakil movement, it is a third wave organized to tackle the Eritrean regime mostly dominated by the middle age educated Eritreans in diaspora. They have formed a task force, though I don’t know their tasks.

      Now, until this three parallel organizational task forces are integrated with a United purpose, we will not have an “integrative discourse” to dismantle the ev regime at home. What is your say on this realities?

      Regard

      • Ismail AA

        Selam Aman and Aman,

        From what read and reading, one feels concerned that a new political polarization seems to be in the making. Hitherto it was organizations and civic groups multiplying. Now, it is popular movements still in embryonic phases trying to compete and establish themselves at the expense of the other. As usual, bringing them to a common program of purpose may become an impossible endeavor.

        • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

          Selam IAA,
          To make it work, he bad habit of my way or the highway school of thoughts need to stop and all need to pay attention at the common denominators.

        • kokhob selamone2

          Ismail AA,

          Most welcome.

          This is very important subject and I think. Your participation is very important at base..

          KS,,

      • Woldegabriel Tesfamariam

        Selam Amanuel Hidrat,
        Thank you for the recap on what is going on. No surprise with Assenna at all. He is an imbecile and moron easily manipulated with remote control. The yeakle and NNNN are two cancerous faces of the same coin that are complicating the Eritrean struggle for selfish motives.

        • Berhe Y

          Dear WT,

          The yiAkle movement as far as I know have been at the centre stage of discussions with GiE and its practical implementation.

          I had listened two to zoom meetings organized by Dr. Tsigabu, who is part of the global yiAkle umbrella abs he has been doing great as far as I can say.

          I don’t know, if Amanuel knows something that I am aware but I don’t think what he us is accurate.

          As far as Assena goes, it makes you wonder the timing of this announcement. It’s basically in the eve of announcing the task force of GiE and all I can say is, it’s typical TPLF strategy to drain any meaningful progress we make towards common goal.

          What’s funny while they have one and only one organization representing Tigray which is TPLF, why did they always allay with some entity to divide and weaken us and get involved in our affairs.

          The purpose of this alliance is to bring civil war to Eritrea.

          They should mind their business, they can free their own Tigray and we will do the same in our own.

          Dear, Saay and Saleh, please stop this “play nice, libi mebay”, we have to make clear distinction who is for Eritrea and who is for someone else.

          This will create an opportunity to energize the majority of Eritreans who are “for one Eritrea by Eritreans”.

          Berhe

          • abdu

            Salam Berhe
            Dear, Saay and Saleh, please stop this “play nice, libi mebay”, we have to make clear distinction who is for Eritrea and who is for someone else”.
            I second you, Thank you

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Abdu/Berhe,
            You are playing almost the HGDF’s music of horror.
            Assenna is fighting for Eritrea.
            Yiakl are fighting for Eritrea
            You are trying to remove these two, who is then left in GiE?
            To me, this sounds the work of the dying HGDF

          • Berhe Y

            Hi MM,

            You got it wrong.

            Yiakle is fighting for Eritrea and its supporting GiE.

            Assena is fighting for Tigray and TPLF (which I don’t really care and is not my business), but it wants to bring the TPLF to bring to Eritrea to fight Eritreans.

            The same thing the TPLF did when it come to Eritrea and fought along side of EPLF against other Eritreans.

            Which part of this HGDF?

            Berhe

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Hi Berhe,
            You are accusing Assenna because they are covering the war in Tigray. What proof do you have to accuse him he is working for them? For God sake, he is a journalist. Are you going to accuse BBC, Reuters, Aljezeera if they cover the war?
            Convince me

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Mehandis,

            Don’t change the subject.

            He can cover the war in Tigray all day long and it doesn’t concerns me.

            But what he is doing (declaring civil war on behalf of others) is way beyond his journalistic role.

            What do you have to destroy to get rid of IA? The whole country…

            Do you think the TPLF going to hand you over Eritrea for you?

            Ask Ras Woldemichael if you are not aware.

            Berhe

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Hi Berhe,
            First, I am not changing the subject. Not sure why are saying that.
            I am not sure why are going to TPLF every time some discussion comes…

            “But what he is doing (declaring civil war on behalf of others) is way beyond his journalistic role.”
            What did Assenna do to blame him for a civil war? Can you be clear? It seems I might be missing something here.

            “What do you have to destroy to get rid of IA? The whole country…”
            If I have to destroy the whole country to get rid of DIA, I wouldn’t bother to do anything. Are you Ok man? You don’t sound right here.

            “Do you think the TPLF going to hand you over Eritrea for you?”
            Where did get this idea?

            Just to summarize, if I don’t sound like “One Nation” guys to you, it doesn’t mean that I am not for Eritrea. You are getting to closer to HGDFites by the day for some reason

          • Berhe Y

            Hi MM,

            You are changing the subject. I am taking about AI and his likes and their seminar to join hands with TPLF to get rid of IA.

            So either know what you are taking about it don’t jump like a fly if you are not sure.

            The people he us interviewing with Memhir TEMESGHEN or the other guy, are the architects of Eritrea is meninet and Tigraway zegnet is hager all along for the past two years.

            They are telling you, ምስ ወያነ ሐቢርና ንኢስያስ ንህረሞ ይብሉኻ አለዉ:: ከም ድልየቶም ገሮም ይህረምዎ:: ኢሰያስ / ኤርትራወሪሩና እዩ እሞ ንሕና ድማ ክንወርር እና እንተኽይኑ እቲ ዘርባ ይግበርዎ ዘዋጽኦም እንተኽይኑ::

            እቲ ዘዛርበኒ ዘሎ ንሐልዮት ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ጉልባብ ሽፊንካ ኤርትራዊ ምስ ኤርትራዊ ነንሕድ ሕድ ምውዳእ እዩ::

            Berhe

          • abdu

            Salam Berhe
            That will never happen. what i find hard to understand is if they are against Eritrea’s involvement (me too) in tigray why is it ok to invite TPLF to kill eritreans.
            and whoever against TPLF is HGDF. I guess they are HGDF themselves, see how they try to destruct SAAY proposal of GIE by trying to invite the dead TPLF.
            Hope Saay keep away the PRO-TPLF group.
            Thanks

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Abdu,
            Telling you to focus on Eritrean issue rather than TPLF doesn’t make us TPLF supporters. It is not our business to focus on them while we have humongous issues on our own.
            People like you and alike, Langa-Langa, are the cancer of our society. I have full respect to the NNNN compare to the Langa-Langa.
            Invoking Saay’s name doesn’t make you a super-Eritrean. Get it?

          • Woldegabriel Tesfamariam

            Selam MM,
            Gulbabka TekeliA’ya!
            Thanks, Abdu and Berhe Y.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Selam WT,
            “ኣይበሰልካን” ክብለካ ኢለ ኔረሞ ደሓን ይትረፈኒ።
            ይኣክል ማዕጾኦም ኣብ ገጽካ ግብ ዘበልዎ መን ምዃንካ ስለ ዝፈለጡ ከይኮኑ ኣይተርፍን። እዚ ብዛዕባ ሃገር ‘ዩ ብዛዕባኻ ኣይኮነን።

            ቋንቋታት ኣውሮጳ ምምላኽ ምሁር ኣይገብረካን’ዩ።
            ምኽረይ ኣብ ልብኻ የሕድሮ።

          • abdu

            Salam MM

            People like you and alike, Langa-Langa, are the cancer of our society.
            at least I don’t support TPLF to kill Eritreans. Get it?

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ዓብዳት
            ኣብ ክንዳኻ ክልተ ግዜ ኣንቢበያ ‘ዛ ዝጸሓፍካያ። ሰሓቕ መሊቑኒ።
            ደሓር ከኣ ኣስማት ምቅይያር ‘ንዶ ግደፎ። ‘ዛ ናይ ጎንደር ትምህርትስ ክትረግም 🙂

          • abdu

            Salam MM
            Asnanka Yderqem kaybleka no matter what Hawey ekha.

            ደሓር ከኣ ኣስማት ምቅይያር ‘ንዶ ግደፎ። ‘ዛ ናይ ጎንደር ትምህርትስ ክትረግም 🙂

            ab enda slela entetserh nerka Aadi mtefieat neyra.
            You mixing Abdu with HOPE, SULTAN Hope is kerenait blien and catholic. Abdu is non of those. Sorry you failed miserably

            One thing that I want you to know I am not HGDF and forever against TPLF.
            Ezi wedhanka wedi Arki -boy

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Hi Berhe,
            I thought you have something concrete. If 10% of Eritreans contribute as Assenna’s, we wouldn’t be in this situation.
            When DIA is in the same bed with the little dictator Abiy, your focus is on Assenna. You are losing your focus man.
            Abdu,
            Since you are here to spoil, consider this: you are ignored.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi MM,

            Isayas is the focus that’s what Eritreans are focusing, may be you are not.

            What Assena is doing, is trying to sabotage Eritreans getting together solving our own problems.

            Do you know what the minimum conditions they have put in place to organize, Eritreans of all kinds + TPLF.

            ምስ ትግራይ ተዋሀህድና ንኽንቃለስ ንአምን. ንህዝቢ ክተት እልና ክንቃለስ

            ናበይ እዩ ክኸትት: አንጻር ህዝቡ ካብ ትግራይ ተበጊሱ ብህዋሓት ተሓንጊሩ:: እምበር ዶ ትግርኛ ይርድአካ እዩ::

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Hi Berhe,
            I am the one who is telling you DIA is the focus for us. I stands for Issayas, in case you have hard time to get it.

            “What Assena is doing, is trying to sabotage Eritreans getting together solving our own problems.”
            I disagree. Do 0.0000001% of Assenna and get back to us here. Then, we can reconsider your arguement.

            “እምበር ዶ ትግርኛ ይርድአካ እዩ::”
            ከመይ ደኣ! ‘ንተኾነ “ብ?” ክትውድኦ ኔሩካ ትሕቶ።

            ን ከይንረዳዳእ ተረዳዲእና ብምባል ኣብዚ ንዛዝሞ።

          • abdu

            salam MM
            Who is then left in GiE?
            we have enough Eritreans. Awate was one, welwel was one and now Salih Abdurhaman Ali Yunis started GIE alone.
            stop playing HGDF card Yourself
            Thanks

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Abdu,
            GiE is inclusive not divisive. Eritrea belongs to all of us. No special interest.

          • abdu

            salam MM
            thank you You answered my questions yourself
            Thanks

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Hi Abdu,
            I didn’t. You said to remove Assenna & YiAkl ~50% of the population

          • abdu

            Salam MM
            incase you didn’t understand me, salih Abdurahman Ali Yunis are not four Muslims he is one SAAY
            Thanks

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Hi Abdu,
            What’s my response to you got to do with Muslims?

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Abdu,

            Can’t we all come to a round table and discuss the “subject” and having in mind that there should be a compromise of give and take? Why are you trying to look more Eritrean than than those who have different view than yours. This card was played by EPLF/PFDJ since they enter the city and have told us “ “ናይ ውድባት ሓሸውየ የልቦን”:: Arn’t you echoing in different words but in the same fashion? This is not a healthy attitude towards your brothers and sisters who don’t think the way you think. What makes you more Eritrean than Amanuel and Yeakil?

            Regards

          • abdu

            Salam Ato Amanuel
            Can’t we all come to a round table and discuss the “subject” and having in mind that there should be a compromise of give and take?
            Yes I agree as long as only Eritreans are around the table.

            Why are you trying to look more Eritrean than than those who have different view than yours.
            sorry you got it wrong.

            This is not healthy attitude towards your brothers and sisters who don’t think the way you think.

            again wrong assumption

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Abdu,

            So will you agree the Yeakil movement and Amanuel’s group should be part of the round table discussion and negotiation on the issue how to go forward?

            Second, you endorsed the following statements: “Dear, Saay and Saleh, please stop this “play nice, libi mebay”, we have to make clear distinction who is for Eritrea and who is for someone else”.

            My take to the above statement wasn’t an assumption. That statement is making judgments on who is Eritrean for Eritrea and who isn’t. Who is to be the judge and to be judged? There is no one who could claim that he/she fought the evil man in Eritrea than Amanuel Iyasu and Yeakil? If there are, it is only self-aggrandizement? Humility and tolerance is the mother of coexistence. We Eritreans are short of these human qualities. Don’t we?

            Regard

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Amanuel,

            There is no one who could claim that he/she fought the evil man in Eritrea than Amanuel Iyasu and Yeakil?

            Well one can say the same thing, There is no Eritrean who fought for Eritrea more than Isayas Afeworki but look where it got us

            No body is discrediting AI or yiakle or anyone who is fighting the regime.

            Now you are trying to spread rumours/ false statements that you can’t back down and trying to create something that isn’t there. Why are you implying the yiAkle is not in support of the GiE?

            Unless you know yiAkle is doing it’s own and creating it’s own group (wudub) like Amanuel and those who are behind him, stop putting them together.

            A simple question for you if you know what Amanuel group is doing?

            Why now ? Have they tried to work with GiE initiative instead of creating another group trying to undermine the well thought out and well discussed and well organized initiatives.

            He is creating his new version of ንሕናን ዕላማናን. እቲ ዕላምኡ ኸአ “ምትእኽኻብ ኤርትራውያንን ምስ ትግራዎት ተዋሀሂድና” ዝብል ዕላማ::

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Berhe,

            Don’t we agree not to engage with each other. With all due respect, I still respect that agreement. I am trustful to those agreements that I made.

            Regard

          • Berhe Y

            Selam Amanuel,

            You are quoting what I wrote, it’s only fair I make my points. And second, I am Eritrean so anything that’s is said in the public domain will concern me so I am entitled to raise my opinion.

            If you write stuff that you can’t defend (like the one you are making up about yiAkle) that’s all your choice but it’s my responsibility as to many others to comment / expose it.

            If you chose to response or not upto you, but don’t expect me to keep quite.

            Berhe

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Berhe,

            I didn’t know you are dismissive to agreements you “initiated for” and “agreed to,” like the despot we have at home. I am taking a note. I still respect and enforce the agreement we entered to, which is already in the public domain. It is a matter of principle.

            Regard

          • abdu

            Salm Berhe
            brhan Yhabka kemti shimka

            He is creating his new version of ንሕናን ዕላማናን. እቲ ዕላምኡ ኸአ “ምትእኽኻብ ኤርትራውያንን ምስ ትግራዎት ተዋሀሂድና” ዝብል ዕላማ::
            I don’t understand how people can’t see where this guy is heading.
            Thanks

          • abdu

            Salam Ato Amanuel
            So will you agree the Yeakil movement and Amanuel’s group should be part of the round table discussion and negotiation on the issue how to go forward?
            i don’t doubt your intention that you are fighting to see a peaceful Eritrea.
            you have more experience in life and politics of Eritrea than I do, so I am sure you know by now all the obstacles that drag Eritrean opposition to unite
            if yiakl come clean from all the list wedegebriel listed and many more and Amanuel drop the TPLF package I will be the first to seat in that round table.

            There is no one who could claim that he/she fought the evil man in Eritrea than Amanuel Iyasu and Yeakil?

            Please take back this statements

            Thanks

        • abdu

          Salam WT
          Thank you, these are the group dragging every movement back and I hope GIE don’t fall in this trap.
          Thanks

          • Brhan

            Salam Abdu and Woldegabriel

            On ይ ኣ ክ ል /Enough/ كفاية movement

            1. It is a movement where it is attracting Eritreans from all walks of life, including ELF and EPLF veterans sitting side by side in its meetings!

            2.The movement is worldwide and its name has become like a brand recognizable by many, particularly by the youth. Brand publicized by artists , among them the legendary musician Abrar Osman

            3. It has fundraised and helped our refugees who were affected by the pandemic.

            4. It has conducted successful peaceful demonstrations worldwide

            5. It is a movement where its boards are elected democratically and publicly

            6. It has championed the grievances of a number of Eritrean minorities’ issues , such as the Afar

            and

            7. Are there some weakness with the movement? Yes, there can be and this is normal with any political movements and the good thing is the movement is transparent and its records shows it accepts criticism to improve. If it is a negative personal experience that you encountered with the movement , please, don’t generalize and give your verdict.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Brhan,

            Well said and well put, brother. Those who undermine the role of Yeakil are those who are sympathetic to the evil regime or this who are intolerant by nature.

            Regard

          • Woldegabriel Tesfamariam

            Selam Brhan,
            As you appropriately put it, every movement/ struggle has its shortcomings and wrakenesess. But, let us treat the points you enumerated honestly.
            1. What are the common denominator of this group? Or-?
            2. I very much doubt about being worldwide. True, legendary musicians like Abrar Osman and Wedi Tkabo gave their support at the beginning. I, myself was it’s ardent supporter and openly wrote in their support, until they made it a private club.
            3. Don’t be deluded with fund raising, it’s a tricky subject. It’s sources could be traced beyond your imagination.
            4. Successful worldwide demonstration? Where? Maybe we don’t have the same definition for the word?
            5. Absolutely wrong. Its election was a sham. It was a prearranged and predesigned meetings where participants were called through peer/relative telephone calls and precluded everybody, except the chosen. You don’t want me to go to those details.
            6. The move they took on the Afar was timely and commendable. With the momentum yeakle had at the beginning it only remained a political gesture. There was real vacuum to unite the Eritrean people. Unfortunately, it was not their agenda nor weyanes.
            7. I agree with you. But the fault with this group was by design.

          • Berhe Y

            Selam Berhan,

            The reason the yiAkle movement is included is to show / mask the motives of AI and his group to say “it’s not only AI abs there are yiakle as well”. I don’t know the past disagreement but from what I have heard in the meetings, I think they are aligned with the GiE agenda, I can’t say all of them but at least those that are participating.

            So drop this notion “as if yiakle are not included to GiE” initiatives. If you know and they have made an official statement, please bring it and end this ጋል ነገር::

            What’s clear is AI and his group are creating a movement with the following TWO criteria and these two criteria ONLY.

            1) IA is the number enemy of Eritrea.
            2) We are to fight with Tigray / TPLF to get

          • abdu

            Salam Brhan
            Ramadan Mubarak
            no need to add on woldegebriel lists
            Thank you

      • Aman Y.

        Selam Ato Amanuel,

        Sorry for a late response.

        The Eritrean change seekers are in confusion and your idealistic approach can help to clear this murky situation. My brother Dr. Mohamed Beshir’s writing had also given me an insight that will help solve our problems. His argument for our problems arises from lack understanding our roles in the struggle for change.

        His illustration was a concentric circle with defined lines. And each donuts made by the consecutive circle would define and limit each association’s role in the struggle. The public is designated to the most bigger outer crust. The next three consecutive donuts represent Media, Civic societies, and political parties. The core represents Government or EGiE in our case.

        To analyze the above comment, I would use your “inegrative discourse” and Dr. Mohamed’s “connect the dots” approaches. By putting Assena and Yiakle DMV and others at their proper place, GiE can provide suggestive terms of references to each category. Please find the integrative approach model to gage relations. The Eritrean politics is complex, we should take the reconciliation and partnerships one at a time.

        An integrative approach to building participation involves several steps: • Linking an organization’s participation-building activities to its core values and purpose by choosing participation goals that support that purpose
        Integrative Thinking is the ability to face constructively the tension of opposing ideas and, instead of choosing one at the expense of the other, generate a creative resolution of the tension in the form of a new idea that contains elements of the opposing ideas but is superior to each.”

        An integrative discourse does not offer specific recipes or mandates for action, but instead opens spaces for new inquiries and new ways

        The integrative argumentation takes a step further, as not all of the considered arguments lead to the same conclusion. In this case, more nuanced thinking and weighing of the arguments is needed to draw conclusion

        Integrative negotiation—also called integrative bargaining, interest-based bargaining or win-win bargaining—is a negotiation strategy in which the involved parties work together to find a solution that satisfies the needs and concerns of each.

        integrative goal(shared purpose)-focused approach to execute the purpose or goal.

        Thank you for engaging.

        P.S. 1. Yiakl DMV represent only DC area.

        2. Please allow me to address you as a brother. The French address
        formal when they meet a person for the first time. I feel like I met
        you already Haw Amanuel. By the way you are my name sake, but I
        am used to be called Amanuel”Aman” Yibarek.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Aman,

          This is a good entry!

          First, I will second SGJ’s recommendation that to pls integrate this one with the other, and formulate it in to an article format as a document to be placed in the front page of Awate.

          Second, I am not familiar with Dr Mohammed Beshir’s writing. It is weekend, can you link the writing you are referring to, to have full picture of his writing?

          Third, when the minds meet and talks the same thing, yes people feel they know each other. To have different opinion is not a sin, but to be intolerant and devoid of humility is a curse to a society. Look how people insult like “imbecile and moron” when people have different opinion than theirs. Keep up the good work, Eritrea will survive from our despot and his enablers. Don’t forget there some with a despotic mind even in this forum.

          Regard

          • Aman Y.

            Selam Haw Amanuel

            Thank you and Haw Saleh J. for your vote of confidence. I will compile my comments and try to make it worth of posting at Awate front page.

            Yes , I see the insults, belittling each other and bad mouthing Eritrean individual and organization laboring for justice. The sad thing is they argue about things they do not know at all. I would say ዝብልዎ አይፈልጡን እዮም እሞ አይንሓዘሎም.። I would vouch for Yiakl, they have been doing their best .And they can help the GiE big time. Bur they have to decide what their role would be . I was a member of the CC and a candidate for the executive committee. of Of course I was there during election.

            And, finally here is the link to Proffesor Mohammed Beshir’s document. It was quite an argument.

            manuelhttps://encdcnet.files.wordpress.com/2019/08/beshir-london-talk-encdc-initiatives-8-22-19-final-1.pdf

            Have a nice rest of weekend

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Aman,

            Thank you for the link. I went through it once, and I will reread it again.

            Regard

      • haileTG

        Merhaba Aman and all,

        Going back a decade or so, we can see that the Eritrean regime’s opposition outside of the country are essentially divided on two camps. We’ve hade this discussion in depth many times, given the ongoing debate on it, let’s revisit.

        The two camps are: “peaceful/non-violent means” vs. the “all means necessary including armed means” camp.

        The unfortunate aspect is however the fact that each camp maintains such unpatriotic stance towards the other, seeing the other as an enemy rather than a fellow citizen with differing position.

        On record, the peaceful/non-violent means camp is a collection of loosely connected groups with no history of compromise and working together. Oftentimes, its impossible to distinguish its rhetoric from the regime’s narratives when it comes to fear mongering and degrading other Eritreans on accusations of treason and collusion. For those who suffered personally and terribly on the hands of the cruel regime, they exude a very similar stench of grim subjugation and denigration in favor of ideals such as sovereignty, unity and so forth.

        The “all means necessary including armed means” camp on the other side is a collection of loosely connected groups that includes narrow nationalism as ethnic, religious and regional currents. They tend to appear less willing and forthcoming to strongly advocate for the country’s future, rather painting a frightening prospect of war and mayhem. They equally engage in counter accusations of the other camp as regime implants and ill-intentioned group to be lumped with the regime and avoided altogether.

        On results, none of the two camps were able to rally the public and chart a clear vision for the future. Both camps are very weak on the ground and unlikely to form a dominant voice anytime soon. In my opinion, ultimately the regime will deliver the country to collapse and disintegration. The non-violent means camp or the armed insurgency camp have to still make themselves visible through tangible results. Otherwise, the only contribution they are making is nothing more than adding fuel to the fire and aiding and abetting the regime in its quest to keep the Eritrean people confused, fearful and obedient.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Haile-TG,

          Good observation. If I were you, I would have encapsulated your comment with what Aboy Woldeab has said before he left Eritrea to exile. And that is : “We agreed not agree”. A living truth at least till this day.

          Regard

    • Saleh Johar

      Aman,
      I suggest you expand such content to about 1000 words and post it on the front page. That way the discussion will be on the topic Just a suggestion.

      • Aman Y.

        Will do. Thank you.

  • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

    ሰላማት
    ገጸይ ክልተ ሕብሩ
    የማንን ጸጋምን በበይኑ

    ሰባት ዝፈልጡኒ
    ዝተፈላለየ ጌሮም ይገልጹኒ

    ‘ቶም ሓደ ምሳና’ዩ ክብሉ
    ‘ቲኦም ካልኦት ብፍሉይ የዕልሉ

    ‘ት ዝገርም
    ኣይፈለጡን ምዃነይ ላንጋ-ላንጋ
    ክብረተይ ከምዘውረድኩ ኣብ ዕዳጋ

    ሓንሳብ ሕሉፍ ወዲ ሃገር
    ጽንሕ ኢለ ግን ፈገር
    ——-ምዃነይ ዘየስተውዓሉ
    ——-የግዳስ ኣነ ጥራይ ዝፈልጦ
    ——-ሃመይን-ቀልበይን ተመቓቒሉ
    መኣዝነይ ምስ ንፋስ ይቕየር

    ሓንሳብ ምስ ጋንታ ደጊጋ
    ጽንሕ ኢለ ምስ ብርሃኑ ነጋ
    ሕጅስ
    ተረጊመ ከይከውን ፈሪሐ

  • Aman Y.

    Selam Haw Saleh Johar,

    “ብስም ኤርትራን ነኤርትራውያንን ዝዛረብ፤ቃልሲ ዲያስፖራ ዝመርሕን፤ምስ ቃልሲ ውስጢ ሃገር ዕቱብ ምውህሃደ ዝፈጥርን፤ ምሉእ ተቐባልነትን መዝነትን ዘለዎ ዓለም ለኻዊ መሪሕነት ክቐውም አለዎ።”
    Un excerpt taken from Yiakl’s announcement at meskerem. Is this in line to the GiE initiative?

    Below is a copy of my earlier comment to you

    I just watched your zoom presentation. Your description of the difference between ELF and EPLF as decentralized and centralized was very informational, in terms of the school of thoughts. Your Eritrean history knowledge is impressive. I wish you expanded the inception of GiE. I have read a lot of meetings and developments made by Ato Abdulla Adem, Ato Hiruy Tedla etc. with different countries round 2008 from wiki leaks. A lot can be learned from then.

    As you know, the purpose the above essay, by Ato Amanuel’ was written in search of an “integrative discourse” for us, and I have argued that we already have discourses all we needed was to create a shared purpose to take us forward. I am persuaded by his argument that we hadn’t had a shared purpose(integrative purpose) since our fathers in the 1940’s.

    Looking at the Eritrean history I would argue that:

    1. The Unionist and Independence division was an integrative argument era.

    2. ELF/EPLF era had reached a shared political strategy and failed achieving a shared purpose.

    3. Awate foundation has boldly proposed a shared purpose of creating GiE for diaspora Eritreans.

    Do you feel what we are doing is a déjà vu? In the last few articles I interacted :

    Salih Younis, presented already processed GiE proposal. Hile TG agreed if it would mere transitional and comprises more entities. Beyan inquired if there could be a second school thought. Are we on the same page.

    It is high time to go back and make a reenactment project of Eritrean history and avoid the same mistakes!

    P.S. Would you mind to share the feed back from your presentation? I would love to hear specially Dr. Amanuel Mehreteab’s opinion. The video stopped after your presentation.

    With Respect

    • Saleh Johar

      Aman,
      As you know no one monopolizes the struggle. And in our situation, with no agreements or laws to govern and manage the differences, waiting for a single voice combined struggle is impractical. It was tried for decades and it will not work.

      If anyone would initiate and bring about change, no one should object and whatever we do can serve as a voice for the confused state we are in. The government is expected to reach out and narrow the gap because the parties cannot do it so nice they are in a perpetual nature of competition.

      I brought the history part to remind people that today is like yesterday and we are living through the same problems. But our leaders in the forties were more mature, dedicated, and focused and they managed to cement a strong coalition and alliance. And though short lived, they managed to take Eritrea to the next step. History is vital if we only learn from it.

      The PFDJ has increased our political ignorance by many folds. And so it did with our cohesion as a nation. It deepened partisan politics. And damaged the self confidence of Eritreans.

      We all achieved the goal of independence regardless of who had the upper hand it was our goal and we fulfilled it. But we (the PFDJ) failed drastically in governing post independence Eritrea.

      I don’t think Amanuel made a remark in the meeting but the full three hour discourse is posted in the page of
      حوار لوعي مشترك
      ዘተ ንሓባራዊ ንቅሓት
      If you cannot find it remind me during the weekend and I can provide you the link. I just too 28 mnts of the session and presented my opening speech for my records.

      Thank yiu

      • Aman Y.

        Selam Haw Saleh and Ato Amanuel
        Haw Saleh,
        I admire your response with a gentle effect. You wrote “whatever we do, can serve as a voice for the confused state we are in. The government(iE) is expected to reach out and narrow the gap” Does that mean GiE is having discussions?

        But inline with our current discussion based on the above essay, no matter who does it we need to have an integrative argument on how we can agree to do it. We should not be weary of trying.

        I know you are not an argumentative person. Your presentation at the Berkley gathering was the “right to remain silent” the only person out of the over two hundred. The other thing I learnt from you was in Oakland, when you argued the difference in political priority between Kebesa and Metaht. Metaht’s being land issue. Your action in Anaheim(Wedi Ali’s) has taught me to prepare a venue with more rooms for my brothers to pray. I can go back all the way to the early 2000. And thanks to you I have more brothers in my contacts.

        Here is my challenge now, I propose you to be the candidate to work on the reenactment project. As a major task of your involvements you will act Aboy Ibrahim Sultan. You can bring a candidate who you think could be the best comrade to act Aboy Weldeab Weldemariam. If I were to select for you it would be Ato Amanuel Hidrat. I have never met him that’s why I address him Ato like” vous” in French. But I have known him by his writing for a while and I believe we have many powerful writers in this forum.

        Ato Amanuel wrote, ” Our divided desire is out there, and until we reconcile our desire in to a workable United purpose we don’t know the fate of our nation with the kind of “political cloud” that is hovering over it. And yes, GIE can be an “integrative discourse” if we know the politics of compromise or the politics of give and take.’ The writers mission is accomplished. I deduce the action items below in chorological order

        1. We need to reconcile our divided desires in to a workable united purpose

        2.We need to know the politics of compromise or the politics of give and take.

        3. And yes, GiE can be an “integrative discourse”(unifying agenda item).

        Our divisions and aspirations are idealistic, but we should pursue them pragmatically. We are working for unity by identifying our unifying agenda or purpose. So our purpose to attain will be our problem as well.. After all our problem is getting unified. We focus on problem-solving, not advancing a partisan agenda or particular ideology. We listen to the voices of those who will do the work , and we try to do this continuously. If subsequent experience or evidence indicates we were wrong, we change course.

        We do not avoid issues or problems because others have made them matters of partisan dispute, and we will not avoid or abandon our purpose because it has become politicized.

        With Respect

        • Saleh Johar

          Aman,
          Thank you for the nice words, extremely nice but way above my skills. Fitting in the shoes of Ibrahim Sultan is not an easy thing and I prefer to remain Saleh simply because for me, that status is too hight to reach.

          I am also thankful what I did or say many years ago impacted you for the better. That is the only reward I struggle for. Thank you>

          AS you know, at the moment I will follow and work for the GiE project and will focus less on other things. But your “integrative discourse” point is well taken. In fact my decades old slogan of Reconciliation encompasses that as well. Maybe you can lead the project if I promise to back you up with all I have. I suggest you propose it to the GiE when it sees the light of the day and we can pursue it then. Unless we have a government that regulates our operation, the field is so chaotic and many have refused to sop talking and start doing. But this time? No one stopping the fight. WE do not have the luxury of time. Eritreans cannot afford to wait while we biker in our spare time or between our very normal life cycle

      • Aman Y.

        Dear Saleh,

        Assuming there is collaboration b/n Awate Foundatin and Byto Yiakl, EGiE initiative may already have developed into our integrative discourse.

        • Aman Y.

          Selam Haw Saleh,

          My comment was deleted as spam. Is that software programed or manually done? This is the third time it happened.

          Thank you

          • Saleh Johar

            Aman,
            Cant find anything blocked but Moderators cannot check more that what you can yourself. Read the FAQ on disqus to understand how it works. But here is what I suspect since you are having more trouble than others.

            If you press the post button and it is slow, don’t not try again and again— the system might be suspicious and block it. Particularly if edit and re-edit se verbal times. But the pending folder doesn’t contain anything. Didn’t I see a few comments of yours posted?

  • Brhan

    መርሓባ ዓዋቲስታ

    ናይ ሕልና እሱር

    ኣታ ኣብ ማሕቡስ ኣብ ኮንተይነር

    ኮትስ ኣብ ስዉር ስፈር

    ተደርቢኻ ትነብር

    ከመ’ለኻ ከመ’ለኺ ኢለ ክዝክር

    ኣንቲ ክብርቲ ኣንታ ክቡር

    ብዘይ ሕጊ ብዘይ ፍርዲ

    ዝኣተው ኣብቲ ትሕቲ ቀይዲ

    ኮትስ ብዘይ ገለ መስርሕ

    ዓመታት ዶ ሰብ ኣብ ቤት ማእሰርቲ ይጸንሕ?

    ሃገር ትዕበ ትልዓል

    ይሃሉ ናጻ ቃል

    ስልጣን ንሕዝቢ ሓላል

    ኢሎም ስለዘመኸሩ

    ንዘልዓለም ዶ ይስወሩ?

    ድምጾም ክጭፍልቕ

    ጻውዒቶም ክትሓቅቕ

    እንታይ ዘይገደፈ ‘ቲ ጨካን ጭራቕ

    ካብ ምብስባስ ዓዲ ኣይወዓለን እዚ ሕማቕ

    ናይ ሕልና እሱር ኣይሕከም ኣይብጻሕ

    ኣይነብር ኣብቲ ንጹሕ

    ገደፍዎ ክማስን ጥራሕ

    ሂወቱ ዘስካሕክሕ

    ሎሚ ንዖዖም ክዝክር

    ትካሓድ ኣላ እንዶ ሃገር

    ልዕልናኣ ንዕዳጋ ወሪዱ ብሰንኪ ‘ቲ ዓቢ ዓንገር

    ዕሸላት ኣብ እንዳማት ውግእ ዘዕስክር

    ሂወቶም ኣህለቖ ብዘቃመሞ ዕግርግር

    ሽሞም ኣጠፊኡ ብክሲ እከይ ተግባር

    ናይ ሕልና እሱር

    መዓልትኻ ከኽብር

    ክስዕቦ ‘የ ናትካ ኣሰር

    ህያው ኢዩ ናትካ ነገር

    ሕጂ እውን ክስበር ኢዩ ‘ቲ ሞቑሕ

    ገሃስቲ ክኽሰሱ ኢዩም ጽባሕ

    April 14 Eritrean Prisoners of Conscience Day!

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    Yesterday, the Minster of [dis] Information Mr. Yemane Gebremeskel a.k.a Charlie (YG), re-twitted a manipulated reporting of a certain traveler, photographer and researcher named Dr. Natalie. The gist of the story is that she claims an Eritrean refugee told her that Tigrayan militia asked him and his group to mutilate other fellow refugees while donning an Eritrean military outfit. On a closer scrutiny, the claim is highly suspect and appears fabricated. Even the military outfit was not really so, it was a camouflage fashioned clothing. Any how, the woman (Natalie) had been contacted by other activists and condemned the political use of such unverified claim that she only based on one person’s claim.

    The fact that YG was so low to scrape at the bottom of the barrel instead of making formal response to issues of incursion, massacres and wanton looting and distraction of properties, shows that his master is cornered tightly.

    Would the Eritrean military do something like it is accused of? We need investigation to find out but based in its track record in Eritrea, the Eritrean army is lead by a murderer, rapist, thieving and unprofessional group of ex-fighters of independence war. They lock up 12 yearolds for reading a bible and released one such child when she turned 28! They are evil organ harvest traffickers where ransom payment for their Eritrean victims (from diaspora family) use to be paid in Eritrea. They would not surprise me if they massacred a whole family to steal a TV set. But we do need thorough investigation and call them out for whatever they may be found out to have committed.

    So, it is sometimes disappointing to see some justice seekers to try to pretend that these are descent people. No, they are a group lead by officers who are despicable murderers. We need to stand with the victim and expose the abuser. Eritrean army is killing innocent Tigrayans at this very moment in Tigray in contravention of UN charters. Its presence in Tigray is unlawful, uninvited and criminal. Period.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Hailat-TG,

      Hailat: Your explanation on the behavior of the Eritrean army, reminds me, my good friend Saleh Younis (Saay), who was expecting a “democratic coup” for years from this unprofessional Eritrean army. We had a a great debate on it. This is a good entry, Hailat.

      Regards

      • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

        ሰላማት ፕሮፌሰር ኤማ/ሃይለ-ኣርካን
        ናይ ዕጥሩን ምስ ሓላፊኡ ሬድዮ-ርክብ ምስ ሰማዕኩም; ሕቶኹም ክምለስ ‘ዩ። ብንጹር።

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Mehandsay,

          Yes I did, buddy!

    • Saleh Johar

      HaileTG,
      Once I saw a lady throw her tools and quit her job in a childcare outfit. She said, I don’t finish picking a child’s litter and two others litter and I never see a clean floor the whole day.

      The PFDJ is worse than that. You don’t finish thinking about one embarrassment they drop ten new ones. The entire regime is a crowd of misfits. Worse, it’s not only that need to be in a childcare outfit, but they are running the place.

      • Simon Kaleab

        Selam Saleh G.,

        They (The EPLF/PFDJ, the ELF) were lionised and eulogized by you and me and almost every Eritrean, when they were in the guerrilla warfare business. Were they any different than now?

        If you plant potatoes, you don’t get tomatoes.

        • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

          ሰላማት ወዲቦይ ቃልኣብ

          እንቋቕሖ መሲሉኒ
          ቆርጢመ ጭንጭሑለ
          ዘይበሰለ ኮሚደረ ኢሎም
          ሸይጦምለይ ዕንጉለ
          ሽንቲ ብዕራይ ኣብ ብርለ
          ምዑግ ከብሎን
          ቡጭ ኢለ ክነጽጎን
          ዘስተውዓለ
          ጎረቤተይ ብዕሽነተይ ሓዘነ

          ለካ
          ከምኡ ስለዝኾንኩ’የ
          ሽጣራ ህግደፍ ምርዳእ ኣብዩኒ
          ‘ምበር መዓስ ውሒዱም ዝነገሩኒ
          ‘ዞም ‘ንዳ ህግደፍ ስኲኒ
          ጣቋ የብሎምን
          ድሌትና ባህጎም ኣይኮነን
          ኢሎምኒ

          ግን ኣይተጠቀምኩልን
          ዝተዓደልኩዎ ሓንጎል እዝኒ
          ልቢ ዓይኒ
          ብኣይሲ ሓዚኑ ዶ’ኸውን ‘ዝጊ?

          • Saleh Johar

            MM
            You remind me of a classic menhir alemayo lyric c:

            ባኒ መሲሉኒ
            ሳሙና በሊዐ ….

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Saleh,
            I would love to know more about this menhir alemayo. It would be nice if you can share any link, over the weekend.

          • Saleh Johar

            I can’t think of any video but I have seen several of his comedy skits during the heyday of Maber Terri Asmara. Haile will surly find. something Memoir Alemayo Kahsay was a funny man and I had a chance to see him several times in Keren— he was in the administration of the Eritrean scout club and visited us a few times.

            The lyrics are from a skit called ብኡዱ:

            It went
            ብኢዲ: ብኢዱ
            ሓጺን ከብዱ etc
            I don’t remember it all but I hope someone will show up and refresh my memory. It’s for you Haile

          • Haile S.

            Selam Saleh,

            ውይ! ኣነ’ድኣ ሽዑ ቖልዓ ዝነበርኩ!
            ኣንጠረይና ስለ ዝኾንኩ ግና፡ እንሆ ካብ ሓርነት-ዳት-ኮም ረኺበልካ ኣለኹ። ግራዝማች ኣለማየሁ ካሕሳይ (ወትሩ ሕጉስ) ካብ ዝበልዎ ፥

            “ሓደ ሰብ ኣብ ትሕቲ ቀይዲ ኣትዩ መታን ክለፋለፍ ነቲ ምስማር ኣብ ርእሱ ክሸኽሉ ብማርተሎ ክሃርሙ ከለዉ፥ ወዮ ሰብኣይ በሉ ምስማር ስሒትኩም ርእሰይ ከይትሃርሙኒ በሎም።” ይብሃል

          • Saleh Johar

            HaileS,
            What? Memhir Alemayo was active until 1974, you mean you were born in the seventies? I didn’t know that. If not so, no problem, you can say you are not an Asmarino snob 🙂

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Saleh,
            So, there might be Copyright infringement here. So does Yemane Barya: እምኒ መሲሉካ ከይትረግጽ ዓፍራ

          • Aman Y.

            Selam Haw Saleh,

            I just watched your zoom presentation. Your description of the difference between ELF and EPLF as decentralized and centralized was very informational, in terms of the school of thoughts. Your Eritrean history knowledge is impressive. I wish you expanded the inception of GiE. I have read a lot of meetings and developments made by Ato Abdulla Adem, Ato Hiruy Tedla etc. with different countries round 2008 from wiki leaks. A lot can be learned from then.

            As you know, the purpose the above essay, by Ato Amanuel’ was written in search of an “integrative discourse” for us, and I have argued that we already have discourses all we needed was to create a shared purpose to take us forward. I am persuaded by his argument that we hadn’t had a shared purpose(integrative purpose) since our fathers in the 1940’s.

            Looking at the Eritrean history I would argue that:

            1. The Unionist and Independence division was an integrative argument era.

            2. ELF/EPLF era had reached a shared political strategy and failed achieving a shared purpose.

            3. Awate foundation has boldly proposed a shared purpose of creating GiE for diaspora Eritreans.

            Do you feel what we are doing is a déjà vu?

            It is high time for reenactment project of Eritrean history!

            P.S. Would you mind to share the feed back from your presentation? I would love to hear specially Dr. Amanuel Mehreteab’s opinion. The video stopped after your presentation.

            With Respect

        • Saleh Johar

          Sorry Kaleab,
          It’s not true. The humble and poor May become arrogant and prideful after they get wealth.

          The selfless combatant may be cruel and selfish when he controls a nation.

          It’s not nice nor correct to define the thousands of people who gave their lives for a noble cause by the brute dictator and his clique who could haven been planning for it or accidentally found themselves in a place of privilege. The gist, do you feel it’s fair to define all by the behavior of the brutes? I hope you are fair and would like to be defined fairly.

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Saleh G.,

            But every dictatorship fabricates ‘a noble cause’. For example, “the martyrs” are a perpetual noble cause generating machine.

          • Saleh Johar

            Simon,
            Maybe so, but it’s not a theory, it actually happened and we have references and eye witnesses. Pushing political agendas at the expense of that is inhuman to say the least. It’s not an intellectual guesswork, but real. And the argument itself is not new, those who burned villages and massacred people were making the same argument while they kept burning everything.

    • Abi

      ኃይልሽ
      I believe Eritrean Armed Forces are extremely professional and disciplined.
      You are too great to fall for the Tplf tricks.

      • haileTG

        Selam Guad Abi,

        TPLF is gone, the conflict is with Tigrayans! Now, why would a professional army need to go beyond its border looking for generators and fighting aimless war?

        • Abi

          ኃይልሽ
          Tplf is gone!!!!
          The poison it left is lingering as we speak. There is no conflict with the people of Tigray. It is only in the minds of the Tplf sympathizers who are bent backwards to revive the decaying Tplf.
          Now it is generators that the Eritrean army is being accused of stealing from Tigray. I take it as an improvement from stealing an office door or an apple tree.
          Hey,” ከገሙ አይቀር ቅርንት ነው “::

          • Haile S.

            ጀታው

            በሌላ ኣማርኛ “ከበሉ አይቀር እንክት፡ ከገሙ አይቀር ጥንብት”!
            በትግርኛ ….. “ምንጋር ምንጋሩ ምንግርጋሩ”!

            Having said that, I agree with ሞክሼ for full investigation, መግሉን ካለመቦጫጨቅ በስተቀር መድሃኒት የለውም!

          • Abi

            መምህር
            I also agree with the United HaileS regarding the full investigation. What I don’t understand is passing judgment before the investigation began.
            So far, all the fake stories that have been orchestrated by the decaying Tplf have been debunked one after the other.

          • haileTG

            Guad Abi!

            To cross an international border can only be done under self defense or consent of the host country. Otherwise, it is considered unlawful. It would have severe consequences. The only way we can mitigate that is if PMAA tell the world that he invited the Eritrean army, I hope Moxie or MM come up with a fitting adage to make the position of PMAA clear. Eritrea, if concerned of security [which is a lie], then it only needs to move to reinforce the border area. In other words, countries do that all the time, they move troops to the border areas of their territory. Axum, Adwa, Adigrat, Meqelle … are not border areas. I know some Eritreans (on both sides) are assuming that their untoward sentients against Tigrayans is somewhat justification of committing violence and distraction against them in this scale. This is not a valid war for Eritrea. Eritrea’s very presence in Tigray is a dangerous violation of UN charters, this will have serious ramifications for the country in the times ahead. The massacres, lootings, rapes and the rest are in addition to the basic offense of invading Tigray. If PMAA says he invited the Eritrean troops however, that changes everything and he takes all responsibility. Are we on the same page Guad Abi?

          • Haile S.

            Selam MoKsi,

            As Abi would say, unless you are slow😁, I had answered you on the 21st century Wuchale treaty, i.e “we asked them to help us, but we didn’t invite them”. The question I have for you is: did IA thoroughly thought of it and planned an exit (same for PMAA) or he did like for the Constitution, lets draft it, we will see where it goes, ንኺድ እግርና ናብ ዝመርሓና type of thing? I know you said not to expect too much from these people, but re-confirmation doesn’t hurt, even if it is the expected.

          • haileTG

            Merhaba Moxie,

            I thought about that question long, because it is rather unusual and unexpected that PMAA say that. So, my theory is that when the war started a lot of variables went unexpected way and the federal army (Ethiopia) probably seen some of the extent of violence and looting that went on from the Eritrean side and warned PMAA not to involve himself with that. If you hear the Assenna video of the intercepted phone calls, the Eritrean military leaders were having field day with stealing anything including walking around with axes to chop off trees! So, PMAA, knowing that all these will come out at some point might have decided to take such a strange position of claiming that they are there but not invited!

          • Haile S.

            MoKsi,

            May be PMAA was persuaded by other implications. I personally don’t give a lot of credibility to what that TV propagates since the day it said “Asmara residents are fleeing the city without knowing details” reporting few hours following the first TPLF rocket strike. ህዝቢ ኣስመራ ኣንፈቱ ካይፈለጠ ይሃድም ኣሎ።

          • haileTG

            Hey moxie,

            Yes, assenna is a mixed bag! Sometimes a good source of unique clips from interesting places and other times really annoying nonsense filled news flashes. Just beware you don’t throw the baby with the bath towel:)

          • Haile S.

            Sorry MoKsi,

            I don’t see a baby. I see a self manipulated marionette.

          • Berhe Y

            Selam Hailetat,

            This federation/ union talk never made sense to me, but in light of the position PMAA and his government has taken, I think there is done twist to it. They could have said :

            1) we invited the Eritrean army
            2) we committed no crimes (Eritrean/ Ethiopian) army but its TPLF and we will investigate if needed.

            This buts then time to work diplomatically and calm the situation and they don’t need to lie about Eritrea presence or not.

            Instead, they have admitted (via their HR) and said Eritrea entered uninvited.

            If their next step is talk of union, federation, confederation then, the Eritrean entity gets wiped out and there is no body to go after.

            It’s like, companies go bankrupt when they are found guilty of negligence and are ordered to pay lots of money.

            Like what Nevsun have done.

            Berhe

          • Abi

            መምህር
            ኃይላችን ክንፉን ጥሎ ሲበር እያየኸው ምኑን slow ትለዋለህ?

          • Haile S.

            Selam Abi,

            Did you see Berhe down voted me? My second as far as I know.
            I didn’t know “slow” was copyright protected to him😁! Sorry, HTG you are fast!

          • Abi

            መምህር
            በርሄ ቀናተኛ ነው::
            He is slowly becoming greedy.
            I believe the first one was from ኮኮቤ.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Haile S.,

            It must be a mistake on my part and I didn’t even know until I read your comment. When I read your comments, I don’t think there a anything you said that I disagree.

            FYI, I never voted down anyone that I remember or done purposely, even if I disagree.

            Berhe

          • Haile S.

            Selam Berhe,

            No worries!
            I really thought you did it for the “slow” reason!
            Best

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ሰላማት ሃይለ-ኣርካን

            ስልጣን ዝሃረፈ
            ውግእ ዝተወለፈ
            ምስ ጎረባብቲ ክናኸስ
            ‘ታ ሃገረይ ዝብላ ክትድቆስ
            ህዝባ ከይነጸፈ
            ኣበደን ክድቅስ

            ሕዱር ጽልኢ
            ክቱር ቅንኢ
            ምስ ሕማም ርእሲ
            ትኽስ ክብል
            ቀትሪ ሰብ ይመስል
            ለይቲ ይቕየር ናብ ዝብኢ
            ጥፍኣት ኤረትራ ክርኢ

            ‘ታ ቀንዲ ዕላማ
            ከይሃረማ
            ንህዝቢ ኤረትራ በ’ልማማ
            ምሰ’ጥፍኣ
            ሕውስ ምስ ኢትዮጵያ
            ባቃ

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Mehandsay,

            But look Mehandsay, some of the forumers who claim they oppose the despot, even if he tells them straight forward, they say no I don’t believe he will take us that road. Are they naive or are they complicit in the conspiracy? ኒኺድ ናብ ዝመረሓና’ዩ ዘስምዕ ናይ ዚኣቶም ነገር:: I don’t understand.

            Regard

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Selamat Prof. Emma,
            The evil guy in Adi-Halo told us clearly that “we are ONE people”, in Tigrigna [and these are tigrigna speakers btw]. I am not sure how they want him to explain. For some unclear reason, they try to make excuse for him. Why? I have no clue. I would say they don’t mind to be unionized with their once lost [seemingly brothers? These are clever people we are talking, mind you.

          • Abi

            MM
            Let me help you understand what ኢሱዬ said.
            We are one people living in two different countries. I hope you sleep better tonight.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Abi,
            Nope, that’s not true. He purposely added an addendum to it: “I am asking you to lead us”. And he added to make sure he is deliberately saying [this was intended to NNNN bt], “I am not joking”.

          • Abi

            MM
            Eritrean NNNN ሲደመር Ethiopian NNNN = ጉድ ፈላ!!!
            እንቅልፍ ማጣትህ ነው::

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Abi,
            You got that right.
            Any Eritrean who sleeps well with your “Eritrean NNNN ሲደመር Ethiopian NNNN = ጉድ ፈላ!!!” is with ill intention.

          • Abi

            MM
            As expected a lousy response for a seemingly silly comment. You totally missed the point I wanted to convey.
            The point being, while Isu strengthened his confidence ,multiplied his NNNN force by thousands in both countries, gaining ተደማጭነት in the neighborhood,…what have you done in the last three years other than belittling PMAA?
            Please provide me with a short list of achievements in the last three years. Meetings at the back rooms of Starbucks don’t count as achievement.
            ጉድ ፈላ!!

          • Haile S.

            Good morning both!

            None of you got the answer to the mathematical question. ክኒል ዳውን!
            NNNN + NNNN = ንእኛንእኛንእኛንእኛ

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Abi,
            You must have very tough life. Why do you have to insult everyone here?
            My reply on the target btw. Reread it.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Mahandasay,

            You have said to him: why do you have to insult everyone here? Well, he has a free pass to do that. Except to those who support the Ethiopian government and call him Guad, everyone is a victim of his insult.

            Regard

          • Abi

            Selam Ato Amanuel
            ሽማግሌ አያቃጥርም:: ፈሳም!

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Abi,
            You just answered your own question. Can’t you see?

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            ሰላም መሃንድሳይ,

            ቅማላም ከልጅነቱ ጀምረው ኣሳዳጊ የበደለው ነው:: You see brother, when the moderators let him to insult us left and right, we will be obliged to respond in kind. Don’t you think so?

            Regards

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ሰላማት ፕሮፌሰር ኤማ
            ሓንቲ ድራማ ኣዘኪርካኒ። “ቀሺ ማይ ኣገጫጫብ ‘ምበኣር ተጀሚሩ?”
            መስመር ናይ ወራዙ ካብ ዝጥሕስ ነዊሕ ጌሩ’ሎ።
            ኣደብ ግበር ምባል ከድልየና ‘ዩ። ‘ተዘይኴኑ ኣገጫጫብ ክጅመር ‘ዩ።

          • Abi

            Selam Ato Amanuel
            ልክዎትን እንዳልነግረዎ ሞት ከጠላው ነዝናዛ ደነዝ ጋር ጉዳይ ስለሌለኝ ትቼዋለሁ::

          • Desbele

            ሰላም ኣማን
            ‘ጎይታና’ እንዳበልዎ ፤ እሱ እንታይ ዘይገበረ
            ልፍንቲ ትምክሕተኛ ኢትዮጵያውያንንን ተደናገጽቲ ህግደፍን ኣብዛ መድረኽ ዓዋተውን ትንጸባረቕ እያ።

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            ሰላም ደስበለ,

            ሓቂ ብሓቂ!ብቀጥታ ይኹን ብተዘወዋሪ አጆኻ እንዳበሉ ሕቁኡ ዝጥብጥብዎ ኤርትራውያን እንተዘይ ህልው ከምዚ’ሉ ነዚ ፎርም ኤርትራውያን አይምዓንደረሉን ነይሩ:: እቲ ዘገርም ግን እቶም አሳሰይቲ ናይዚ ፎርም ስቅ ኢሎም ምዕዛቦም እዩ::

            ምስ አኽብሮት

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ሰላማት ፕሮፌሰር ኤማ
            ኢዶም ኣይስኣኑ ኣሳሰይቲ; ሳንኬሎ ማይ ዝቐዳሕክዎ ክኽዕዎ ማለት ‘ዩ ሕጂ ኣገጫጫብ ተሪፉ። ኬፍና ስብር። ባቃ!

          • Abi

            MM
            How are you insulted? I just told you the facts on the ground.

          • Saleh Johar

            Abi (no Ras, demoted:-)
            How do you measure ተደማጭነት ? By the reaction in Asmara and Gonder? Is that both countries? I am sure in Eritrea it’s the ዝነገሰ ንጉስና ዝበረቀ ጻሓይና crowd, in Ethiopia(read Gonder) I am not sure but I have an idea 🙂 Haile explained it mathematically ( I mean medemerically)

          • Abi

            Selam Ato Saleh
            እርስዎ ልብ ብለው አላስተዋሉም እንጂ የኢሱ ተደማጭነት በአካባቢው አገሮች ጨምሯል::
            ልብ ያለው ልብ ይበል!

          • Saleh Johar

            Ras Abi,
            What “ኢሱይህ” said was in plain, unambiguous Tigrinya and it’s not what you are claiming he said.

            You may apply for to see the evidence on the weekend. Don’t forget to put ቴምብር on the application.

          • Abi

            Selam Ato Saleh
            I like to see the exact translation with no ambiguity. I like to see your version preferably in Amharic.
            I’ve already submitted my application with the appropriate ቴምብር🇪🇹🇪🇷

          • haileTG

            መርሓባ ዓርከይ መሃንድስ
            ኣሎ’ኮ ድማ ንሕና ንሱ ዝውድስ
            ከም ጽላሎት ዝጉሰስ

            ሰናይ ድልየት ይሓይሽ ዋላ መሪሩ
            መንቅብ ድልየት ግን እሾኽ’ዩ ሰራውሩ
            ምጥፍኡ ኣይተርፎን ተቦንቁሩ
            ከምዛ ናይ ዲና ህዝቢ ኣባህሪሩ
            ሆ ምስበለ ሓቢሩ ነዲሩ
            ክጠፍእዩ ክበሃል ነበረያ-ነይሩ

            ዲናሚክ ናይ ለውጢ ባህርያቱ
            ኖትጊ ናይ ጠርዚ ስምዒት ደረኽቱ
            ናብ ጫፍ ብልሒ ነቁቱ
            ምስተባርዔ ብኹሉ ኣንፈቱ
            መሬት ክትጸቦያ ናበይ ከይኣቱ

          • kokhob selamone2

            Dear friend haile TG,

            You send back me our old days, you poems are simply deep. Do you remember? Very good.

            ዲናሚክ ናይ ለውጢ ባህርያቱ
            ኖትጊ ናይ ጠርዚ ስምዒት ደረኽቱ
            ናብ ጫፍ ብልሒ ነቁቱ
            ምስተባርዔ ብኹሉ ኣንፈቱ
            መሬት ክትጸቦያ ናበይ ከይኣቱ

            KS,,

          • haileTG

            Selamat Kokobay!

            Yes! How could I forget? Good old days that was. Do you remember that Jebena was created for you, before me and Nitricc went there for the biggest boxing match – rumble in the jungle:)

          • Abi

            ኃይልሽ
            I remember the fight that took twelve rounds to decide the winner.
            In that fight ኮኮቤ ሁለት ስኒዎች ሲሰበሩበት አንተ አፍንጫህን አጥተሃል::

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ኣህለን ሃይለ-ኣርካን
            ደም ንጹሃት ክፍስስ ዓገብ ዘይብል
            ዓቕሚ ዝሓጸሮም ዝድህኽ
            ኲናት ክውልዕ ነገራት ዝፍሕስ
            ዝድልኽ
            ወዲ-ኣዳም ከምዘይ ሂወት
            ኣብ ዘይናቱ ውግእ ዝኣልኽ

            ነዚ ‘ንታይ ዝኾነ ሰብ ይድግፎ?
            ነዚ ዝስዕቦ ወዲ ምንታይ ትብሎ?
            ነዚ ኣጆኻ ዝብል ምስ ምንታይ ትቖጽሮ?

            ሕልና ዘዕረበ?
            ሓንጎሉ ንድያብሎስ ዘረከበ?
            ኮታስ ኢዱ ዝሃበ
            ነዊሕ ግዜየ ሓሲበ
            ትርጉም ተረኽብኩ
            የግዳስ ቀቢጸ

          • Abi

            ኃይልሽ
            A wiseman once said
            “It is easier to fool someone than to convince them they have been fooled.” Mark Twain.

            Yes, we are in the same page. However, I’m afraid you are imagining instead of reading .

          • Peace ToAll

            I do not expect any thing better to come out from DERGE ESEPA members & their puppets and ANKOBERITES who are again approaching their demise.

          • Abi

            Selam Peace ToAll
            መጀመሪያ በመተዳደሪያው ደንብ መሰረት ዝቅ ብለህ እጅ መንሳት አትርሳ::
            ጊዜ አግኝተን መልስ እስክንልክ እደጅ ሆነህ ተጠባበቅ::
            እስከዚያው ድረስ ሰላም ላንተ ይሁን::

            ራሥ አቢ
            አንኮበር ኢሰፖ ቢሮ

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Hailat-TG,

          Hailat: Isayas can not live without war and the fake Abiy can not survive without Eritrean army. Hence the Eritrean army is on its way to engage beyond Tigray in the Oromo region against OLA and in the Amara region against Sudanese invasion. Tomorrow might be against Djibouti because the government of Djibouti is claiming part of the Awash valley. Ethiopia hasn’t a United army to defend its borders nor does it has “a commander in chief” to save Ethiopia from disintegration. Issayas is being seen by many Ethiopians as the saver of the old Ethiopia estate during emperor HS. Will it work we shall see.

          Regard

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ሰላማት ፕሮፌሰር ኤማ

            ብዘይውግእ ዘይነብር
            ወዲ ኽቡራት
            ንሱ ግን ዘይክቡር
            ነዚ ድሁል ሂብና
            ‘ተዘግዝሙና ክልተ ኣብዑር
            ይረኣየኒ ብታሕጓስ ክነጥር
            ዘይከኣል ኴኑ ‘ምበር
            ደስ ምበለኒ ክነፍር
            ብድሕሪኡ
            ተመስገን ኣምላኽ ኢለ
            ብሰላም ክነብር

            ኣበይ’ሞ ዓለም ብላሽ

  • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

    ሰላማት

    ኮሚደረ ቀይሑ
    ላማ በሊሑ
    ሓሸማ ሰቢሑ
    ንህቢ ሰሪሑ
    ኣንበሳ ፈሪሑ

    ኢሎም ዘንጸርጽሩ
    ብጽፍርና ክብሉ ዝፍክሩ
    ኣብ እምባ-ገደም ዝሰፍሩ
    ዓለም ኣንጻርና ‘ያ ክብሉ
    ዘይሓፍሩ

    ባዕሎም ወንጂሎም ኣሲሮም
    ዝፈርዱ
    ክፍኣት ውግእ ክፈጥሩ
    ዝፍሕሩ

    ዝገርም ‘ዩ ንሰላሳ ዓመታት
    ኤረትርያ የመሓድሩ
    መቸም
    ምምሕዳር ‘ንተተቖጺሩ

    • kokhob selamone2

      Wow Handesa,

      -ኮሚደረ ቀይሑ
      ላማ በሊሑ
      ሓሸማ ሰቢሑ
      ንህቢ ሰሪሑ
      ኣንበሳ ፈሪሑ-

      You have gone advanced to be the great coming among us. I wonder if you will prepare a book soon.

      KS,,

      • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

        Thanks KoKhobay!
        You are too generous person.

  • Simon Kaleab

    Selam,

    The following is bad news for Eritrean Ghedli Dinosaurs who have a romantic attachment with Chinese Communism.

    China’s coronavirus vaccines may not provide the appropriate protection, with the government exploring options to try and boost efficacy as additional vaccines enter clinical trials.

    In a rare admission from a normally tight-lipped government, Chinese health officials admitted that the vaccines “don’t have very high protective rates.”

    “It’s now under formal consideration whether we should use different vaccines from different technical lines for the immunization process,” China Centers for Disease Control director Gao Fu said at a conference Saturday.”

  • haileTG

    Hello Awatista,

    As we see what is happening in our region, something appears odd. Some Eritreans are demonstrating along the people of Tigray, others (pro regime) are also demonstrating along the PMAA group. What was oddly missing is Eritreans demonstrating by themselves for themselves. Shouldn’t the diaspora opposition be mobilized to hold a very large demonstration:

    1 – Condemning the Eritrean involvement in the conflict in Tigray

    2 – calling for the immediate withdrawal of Eritreans from the conflict

    3 – calling for lA and his henchmen be sanctioned for the crime on UN protected Eritrean refugees and innocent people of Tigray

    4 – calling on the UN to safeguard Eritrean refugees inTigray

    5 – Condemning the Ethiopian government for its unholy alliance with a regime in Eritrea which is subjecting its people to gruesome human rights violations that has been confirmed to constitute crimes against humanity by UN commission to which Ethiopia is a member country.

    And more…

    Why are we only following others or accompanying others on matters that doesn’t make our case a priority. Especially, this is high time for Eritrean visibility because things could change fast and dramatically as the situation is fluid.

    • Abi

      ኃይላችን
      Looks like you missed all the protests at Awatenation for the last three years.
      A year or two ago, during the heydays of ይአክል movement, there was a petition to “Stop Slavery in Eritrea “ at Eritrea Digest. I was following the progress expecting thousands and thousands of signatures in days. No Sir. It was a total disaster! I don’t remember the final count . I lost interest in about two weeks or so. I expected a flood of signatures only to watch a drip drip drip drip……
      Saay can tell us the details if he feels generous:)
      You got the message.

      • haileTG

        Hey wendime Abi,

        I know Eritreans are divided on all things including what to have for breakfast:) But this is an idea for a kind of making Eritrean position known for those near and far, that we stand for peaceful resolution to the conflict our African brothers are having in Ethiopia. We don’t support fanning the flames of war, Ethiopians deserve better. All Ethiopians should unite and support each other rather than burning their institutions that they took decades to build. I like Ethiopian children to grow up and inherit those wealth not their ashes. The PFDJ are double faced morons, when they feel cornered with oceanfront property question they say they would like to see Ethiopia broken into pieces. That is why I say it is an unholy alliance. A stable Eritrea is directly to your advantage, emotions aside. The Eritrean opposition is the right path forward on that, if they only figure it out to unite!

        • Abi

          ኃይላችን
          I’m insanely mad because I can’t find anything to disagree with you:)
          I’m happy you decided to extend your stay.

        • Aman Y.

          Selam Ato Haile TG and Ato Abi,

          I signed Free Ciham Ali petition campaign this morning . My sixteen year old made sure I sign it. The conversation started when she asked me if Yemane was ELF and Isayas EPLF. When I asked her who Yemane was she responded the singer.

          I got teary imagining my daughter in Ciham’s place.

          Isayas released 36 prisoners today some of them after 24 years. I do not think his cruelty changed over night but the pressure he is getting.

          Please go to http://www.amnesty.org and sign. It is all getting attention from the Western countries, specially the USA.

          • haileTG

            Selamat Aman,

            Thanks for the heads up. Yes, the regime is beyond belief in its cruelty. Who would keep someone in jail for decades for simply reading a bible? This is where I fear that even the supporters of the regime may not know it but the will be a curse that will follow them across their generation for supporting such sacrilegious offence. The case of Ciham is also heart breaking. We hope things will workout for the better in the end. What a sad story!

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Hailat,

      I think the safety of Eritrean refugee in Ethiopia is our priority when the evil Eritrean government is attacking their camp and kidnapping numerous Eritreans who escaped from its control. And I also think, that it is our civic duty to advocate and stop the “death of our youth” in the senseless civil war of Ethiopia that has nothing to do with the interest of our country. Besides, there is nothing wrong to share our sympathy as human being, against the atrocities and ethnic cleansing that is perpetuated against the Tigray civilian people. Weren’t we a victim of such atrocities, at least to understand their plight and condemn the actions of the perpetrators? ሕቶ ሰብኣውነት’ዩ እኮ’ዚ:: Doing the right thing make will satisfy our conscience. Those who are demonstrating are doing the right thing.

      Regards

      • haileTG

        Hi Aman,

        Totally agree with what you said there. But we have a huge stakes on what is happening in the region. Eritrean voice is not clearly heard, drowned by the main protagonists agenda. Having an Eritrean demonstration that condemns the atrocities, calls for intl. pressure on the Eritrean regime and supporting our refugees would be useful even at the level of setting the records straight and its historical significance. I understand the divisions [as usual] among the diaspora opposition but a show of numbers in Geneva or the US would have been good. (I know the Covid situation, understandably, doesn’t make it easy).

    • Haile S.

      ምዓልካ ሞኽሲ

      ጓሶት ከጣጥሙ ፈቐዶ ገራህቲ
      ኣጣል የጣጥማ ፈቐዶ ሕዛእቲ

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Hailat,

        I don’t understand this empty message to his concern.

        • Haile S.

          Selam Emma,

          If you consider it empty, why do you care?

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hailat,

            If it has why don’t tell us then. Second, ግራውቲ and not “ ገራህቲ”

            Regard

          • Haile S.

            Emma,

            I don’t explain the self explanatory. On the word, apply what you preach “different regions use different wording”.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hailat,

            ግራት = ግራውቲ
            ግራት = ገራህቲ

            Are these synonymous to each other?

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Selamat Prof. Emma
            How about ገርሁ as alternate plural for ግራት?
            Like ገርሁ ስርናይ

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Merhaba Mehandsay,

            Yep! “ገርሁ” is actually the plural word they use in the region where Hailat is from. Redi Kifle (Bashay) who is good at the language had authored a book for literacy in the field, and cited the word as synonymous to each other to familiarize with the learners. So thank you for bringing up.

            Regard

      • haileTG

        Haha Moxie, I see you’re usually short, may be why Aman got frustrated:) Let me guess the meaning. The shepherd metaphor is for the main protagonists in the conflict and the goats are the Eritreans running around on someone else’ issue. Correct as necessary…

        • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

          ክልተ ሃይለታት ኣይተኻኣልኩምን 🙂
          ብሕጽር ዝበለ ሃይለ ተበርጂኑና ዝብል ዘሎ ኴኑ ተሰሚዑኒ

        • Haile S.

          Selam MoKsi & Mehandis,

          ሞኽሲ ሓቅኻ፡ የሱስ ወይ የሱሳት ዝስኣና ኣባጊዕ ፋሕ ይብላ ማለተይ እዩ።
          መሃንዲስ፡ እዚ ተበርጂኑ ዝኣመሳሰለ ናይ ብዓል ቴኖ ቋንቋ ብዙሕ ኣይርድኣንን እዩ። ኣብ ኤርትራ ዝስ’ርሑ ኮመዲ ይርኢ እየ። ትማሊ ዳዊት እዮብ ዘለዋ፡ ብከምኡ ቋንቋ እትዝረብ ሓቢኻያ – ኣይሕብያን ዝበዝሓ ኮሜዲ ጀሚረ፡ እንኮ ስለዘይተረድኣኒ ኣቋሪጽጸያ።

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ሃይላት
            “ፋሕ ኢሉና” ማለትካ ኴና ተሰሚዓትኒ ክብል ‘የ

            ናይ ዳዊት ኢዮብ ካብ ኣምጻእካ ኣብ ሓንቲ ኮመዲ ከም “በርሀ” ኴኑ ዝሰርሓላ [ብሽክሌታት ናብ ዓረብያታት ቀይሮመን]
            ንዓርኩ ከምዚ ይብሎ:
            ንስኻን ድኽነትን ኣይትፈላለዩን። ንስኻ ብዘይ ድኽነት ድኽነት ድማ ብጀካኻ ክትነብሩ ኣይትኽእሎን።
            ብኡኡ ጌሩ ድማ ንዳ ርብቃ ምጭውቲ ንሓዝሓዙ “ቡን” ክሰቲ።

          • Haile S.

            Mehandis,
            I enjoyed that one too! Both my favotite. Semhar is my other favorite

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Haile-TG,

          Hailat, I don’t like “ጉልቡብ ዘረባ”. Because it is subject to many interpretations. So writers like that could hide their views behind “ጉልቡብ ሓሳባት” to float with any interpretation. Look what he said to me when I ask him what he mean about it. It is “self explanatory”. I like straight talker.

    • Woldegabriel Tesfamariam

      Selam Haile TG
      I fully concur with your idea. It really hurts to seeing Eritreans rolled with Ethiopian and Eritrean flags blindly supporting Col. Abiy, isayas, Weyane and the Tigrai people, putting their primal existence on a backburner. I truly abhor and condemn what is happening to the Tigrai people. But have we been victims of population cleansing and systematic extermination through unenterrupted war, forced displacement and uprooting, emptying the country of its youth through forced labor and poverty, etc. the list goes on and on? Have we not been mute to what has been happening to our people for the last 20+ yrs and we are at the forefront to other people’s difficulty?
      True, the weyanes have the financial, political clouts and organizational capability to create an effective and concerted worldwide awareness to their plight. Despite the apparent organizational weakness, do we lack the determination to organize such a demonstration to what is happening in Eritrea.
      Notwithstanding the points you mentioned, which are essentially and politically correct, I jotted, the following additions to underscore the Eritrean plight:
      1. The regime in Eritrea is the major culprit to the current destabilization of the Horn of Africa (Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia, South Sudan);
      2. A very systematic population cleansing/ extermination of the Eritrean people has been undergoing for the last 30 yrs.
      2.1. War:
      2.1.1. Two senseless massive wars were conducted with Ethiopia that nipped thousands of our Eritrean youths
      2.1.2. War with the Sudan, Yemen and Djibouti costed us unaccounted number of our youth,
      2.1.3. Unless we stop him now, nobody knows where his next adventure would be. ( Maybe Sudan, Egypt, ???),
      2.2. systematic drainage of people and it’s institutions:
      2.2.1. Without exception, all economic, social and political institutions of the country have been dismantled and decimated. It has dismantled the whole fabrics of the society – family, religion, culture, etc. The regime is a dysfunctional police-state.
      2.2.2. With the decimation of all institutions, the abled manpower was forced to leave the country,
      2.2.3. Systematic emptying of the youth through forced labor, extrajudicial imprisonment, torture, human rights abuse etc., the future of the country has been extinguished irreparably.
      2.3. Political and economic sabotage
      2.3.1. By severing diplomatic ties with the outside world and curtailing diplomats’ movements, the police-state effectively pursued it’s demonic population cleansing policy in Eritrea.
      2.3.2. To ensure absolute power on the people, enhancing poverty has been its core policy. Almost all private sector businesses have been closed and replaced by the party’s businesses. The monetary, fiscal and investment policy of the country is under the whim of the dictator and has crippled the economy into shambles.
      Pages and pages could be written on what is being done by this illegitimate government in Eritrea. And yet we don’t give a damn on what is happening there but vigilant when it happens elsewhere.

      I remember, during the late 80’s there was a slogan ” Lomi Zyketete B’Hywetu Z”more”. I believe we have reached that point. Unless we combine all our efforts and energy to save our people and country from this devilish plan of isayas and Col.Abiy, we are doomed forever. For the sake of our people and our future, everyone should be ready to make atonement and pardon. No matter what political persuasions we may have, it is time together with one voice to tell the world on what is happening in Eritrea.
      To this end, the National Task Force should take the lead role in galvanizing this effort. All avenues – workshops, Facebook, paltalks, activists etc should be mobilized for this Eritrean demonstration.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Woldegebriel,

        Straight talk. I like it and I agree with what you have said, with minor difference.

      • haileTG

        Thanks Woldegabriel, that is to the point and duly comprehensive. Do you also think that holding such a demonstration has an important and unique symbolic value in stating the position of the Eritrean people? The timing doesn’t allow us to pass on it at this specific time. It would be a historic event because up to now Eritreans are only coming out as guests of one side or the other despite we will be implicated by the consequence of this conflict deeply. The opposition should lead the Eritrean people to make their position known.

  • kokhob selamone2

    Dear all,

    What is going on in Tigrai? All are working as one person. I am certain to see them free since they are working from inside-out.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sTZRWcqujS0

    Nice and all are working as united..

    KS,

  • haileTG

    Hello awatista,

    The Ethiopian News Broadcasting FANA reported that the Ethiopian Social Democratic Party has entered the election foray with a manifesto that includes, among other things, its intention to re-negotiate access to sea for Ethiopia.

    https://fb.watch/4PegT-GOnl/

    Should Ethiopia allow such a party to run for election? [like hell it will, foolish me:-]

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Hailat,

      I just listened to one Ethio-forum clip before you post the info. Nothing will surprise us now, if the two leaders are working for bigger mission to bring Eritrea to the loop of Ethiopia. The goal is beyond Key bahrachin, if we don’t abort it before it happen.

      Regards

    • Abi

      ኃይልዬ
      Where do I get the membership application?????
      Now that is what I call ባህር አስመላሽ Political Party !!!!

      • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

        Abi,
        This is what I got from an Ethiopian coworker. You can ask for an application from one of these:
        1. Unionist H.E. Sofia T.
        2. Unionist H. E. Birhane G.
        3. Unionist H. E. Semere R.
        4. Unionist H. E. Beyene R.
        5. Unionist H. E. Bruno
        6. Governor of Bahirdar
        7. Office of Mini Dictator’s [aka colonel Abyot], Finfinne
        8. Office of Adi halo

        • Abi

          MM
          As expected, you missed my question. I am not supporting the unionist party. No Sir.
          I’m interested in the ባህር አስመላሽ ፓርቲ:: All I need is the strategically located oceanfront property. I don’t need the whole ጠቅላይ ግዛት::
          Can’t wait to put up the banner
          “🇪🇹OPEN UNDER NEW MANAGEMENT🇪🇹

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Abi,
            Witty as usual. Please tell your wannabe unionist translate for you:

            ዘይውዳእ ሕልሚ
            ናይ ዘመናት ትምኒት
            ሓንሳብ ብምንሊክ
            ሓንሳብ ብቅንጅት
            ቀይሕ ባሕሪ ክብሉ
            ዝጸለመቶም መሬት

            ወይ
            ንሕና ከይጠፋእና
            ንሶም ከይተፈናጨሉ
            ንሕና ዘበት
            ክንብል
            ንሳቶም ኣላሽ ከይበሉ

            ኣብ ዕንክሊል ቅልውላው ክንነብር
            ይረአ ከም ንቡር

            ኣብ መዳእትኡ ግን
            ፍልጥ ‘ዩ
            ንሕና ከም ንስዕር
            ኣብሽር!

          • Abi

            MM
            I don’t know any unionist in this forum.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Abi,
            Slow Sunday?
            I didn’t say in this forum and also pay attention to “wannabe unionist”
            Your performance is becoming between D+ to C-

          • Abi

            MM
            There is a slow Sunday. There can not be a slow Abi.
            Abi is synonymous with lighting speed and pinpoint accuracy:)

            Anyway, I failed to understand what you are trying to say.
            I guess I scored a D- this time around.

      • haileTG

        Merhaba Guad Abi,

        There is this PFDJista acquaintance of mine whom we sometimes argue about Eritrean politics. I saw him today and asked him if he knows that a political party in Ethiopia is running under re-nogotiating ye bahir ber question. His answer was very funny, don’t take it seriously, but he said “..oh really? they didn’t re-nogotiate wolqite and Tegedie let alone Assab! – forget it”. I went away with a smile.

        • Abi

          ታላቁ ኃይላችን
          Nothing bothers me more than seeing The One and Only Haile The Great draw comfort from the slowest PFDJista acquaintance PFDJ ever produced.
          A short massage for your PFDJista acquaintance
          ኢትዮጵያን የሚጠብቅ አያንቀላፋም!
          Refer ትንቢተ ኢሳያስ for full article.

  • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

    ሰላማት

    ጸገምና ክንፈትሕ
    ክንሰብሮ ዝሞቕሕ
    ኣሲሩና ዘሎ
    ብዛብጥ ዓዲ ሃሎ

    ጎዲሉና ሕብረት
    ጠፊኡና ስምረት
    ሃዲሙና እምነት
    ውሒዱና ሓልዮት

    ተመለሱ ንበሎም ንገዛና
    ክንብል ኣለና

    ሕጂ ዘድሊ መፍትሕ
    ክንከፍቶ ትሞቕሕ

    ኣሲሩና ዘሎ
    ብካፖ ዓዲ ሃሎ
    ናይ ሓንጎልና ካርሸሊ
    ዘይረአ ማዕጾ
    ነዚ ዘይንቡር ውሽጣዊ ስንክልና
    በዓል መትከል ጥራይ ‘ዩ ዝወጾ

    እወ!
    በዓል መትከል
    ካብ መስመሩ ነቕ ዘይብል
    ንሃገሩን ህዝቡን ክብል
    ምስ ሕብረት ንነብር
    ብስምረት
    ሃገር ንተክል
    ንሕበር!

    • kokhob selamone2

      Dear Engineer development.

      Nice, and exactly true .

      KS,,

      • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

        Selamat KoKobay
        Agree. One of the issue we have is that we have dwelled on the past for a very long time. Almost all of us agree that our efficiency [when it comes to focus on priority] is probably in single digit but we should consider that as a learning curve rather than waste our time on regrets.
        There seem to be so many intelligent people here at Awate alone [from the way you guys write] but what we miss [I believe] is focus. We need Thales and ELI-NP’s type of laser focus.
        And positive thinking as well 🙂

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Kokhobay,

        History repeats, if it is not in the same manner, with different argument. That is what is happening. Read the argument of “Hubris” by Haile-TG in response to my comment.

        Regard

    • haileTG

      Good one MM!

      Here is another one:
      https://fb.watch/4Pbr_eeazr/

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Hailat,

        ይበል ግብረመልሲ!

      • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

        Selamat haileTG
        Wow! This is beautiful!

  • kokhob selamone2

    Dear Aman and all,

    The legacy of ELF and EPLF will remain respected forever… past is only to be learned and that is all. We can’t bring back that failed history and build tray come with new fresh advanced party.

    We should think to begin from inside out to be successful and tray TPLF strong military force to and join the struggle of this very energetic fighters to come to our make give support. And the idea (proposal) of our Saay 7 is not easy to materialize it, We may start it but if will fail as usual like the old way of practice. What do you all say about it? We are all having our own solution. But let us come with clear conclusion before it is late. And act fast to come into fine result..

    KS,,

    • Aman Y.

      Selam Ato Ks,

      Please do not get frustrated. Our historical knowledge and experiences are not failures but springboards to the future. And we can not fail with out moving. We all agree we have not been successful, but let’s not get discouraged before it begins.

      • kokhob selamone2

        Selam Aman Y,

        No, I am not frustrated at all. I am spiritual… not interested in politics. But some time I come down when I see those conformists give us a kind of impossible solution to our grave problems,

        Think now, if the spring board you mentioned is not putting you on fire, that I think is ridiculous and tragic. We should wake up now and say’-NO- to this type of long and nonsense cycle of revenges. I think you got the idea..

        KS,

    • Berhe Y

      Selam KS,

      Are you saying we should join “TPLF” and fight our own Eritrean Army. If this what you are saying, I respectfully disagree.

      We should think to begin from inside out to be successful and tray TPLF strong military force to and join the struggle of this very energetic fighters to come to our make give support.

      Berhe

      • kokhob selamone2

        Dear Berhe Y,

        Who said to them join the dictators? Let them pay the price of joining this ugly war. So, what I understand from your comment above is that you totally agree what they are doing inside Tigrai. That is crime.

        We should learn from this TPLF. Now they are advancing very soon they will capture the all Tigrai..

        KS,,

        • Berhe Y

          Hi KS,

          First I did not say, i support their presence in Tigray let alone “if they are wrong”.

          Second, I would not say, you don’t know or you don’t have close relatives who are forced to Sawa / Eritrean army. It’s not like they have much choice.

          Third, TPLF or Tigray people can fight and win who ever come to their land and invade them. It’s their right to do so.

          Forth, it’s wrong for you or any other Eritrean who “who want to free the Eritrean people” to go to Tigray and join TPLF and fight and “Kill” his own brothers and sisters who are forced in the situation they are in in the first place.

          This is the fallacy of those Eritreans, like Assena, Yosief Ghebriwet and others who do not understand the “the misery the Eritrean army / people” are in.

          Berhe

          • kokhob selamone2

            Selam Berhe Y,

            Yes, my dear who said they are doing fine? Do you agree in disturbing the culture of Tgrai people? What about the women case? They has destroyed all the hard job done, they have killed a lot young men and women. They are totally mad when comes to our decent culture and the have gone the same as the PIA and Dr.Abiy..what is remaining not done. The have become like those mad leaders..

            KS,,

          • yoni tech

            which culture of Tigray are you talking about , I wonder ?

          • kokhob selamone2

            Hi yoni tech,

            It is rich in culture, Type in Google .search engine you will find more that enough. That is the base of all Ethiopian cultures..
            read bellow.

            –Tigray is often regarded as the cradle of Ethiopian civilization[citation needed]. Its sacred biblical landscape is dotted with many historic monuments. It was also here in Tigray, that two religions, Judaism and Christianity, arrived in Ethiopia.

            Given the presence of a large temple complex and fertile surroundings, the capital of the 3,000 year old kingdom of Dʿmt may have been near present day Yeha.[8] This kingdom developed irrigation schemes, used ploughs, grew millet, and made iron tools and weapons. Some modern historians including Stuart Munro-Hay, Rodolfo Fattovich, Ayele Bekerie, Cain Felder, and Ephraim Isaac consider this civilization to be indigenous, although Sabaean-influenced due to the latter’s dominance of the Red Sea, while others like Joseph Michels, Henri de Contenson, Tekletsadik Mekuria, and Stanley Burstein have viewed Dʿmt as the result of a mixture of Sabaean and indigenous peoples.[9][10] The most recent research, however, shows that Ge’ez, the ancient Semitic language spoken in Eritrea and northern Ethiopia in ancient times, is not derived from Sabaean.[11] There is evidence of a Semitic-speaking presence in Eritrea and northern Ethiopia at least as early as 2000 BC.[10][12] It is now believed that Sabaean influence was minor, limited to a few localities, and disappeared after a few decades or a century, perhaps representing a trading or military colony in some sort of symbiosis or military alliance with the civilization of Dʿmt or some other proto-Aksumite state.[13][14]

            After the fall of Dʿmt in the 5th century BC, the plateau came to be dominated by smaller unknown successor kingdoms. This lasted until the rise of one of these polities during the first century BC, the Aksumite Kingdom. This Aksumite Kingdom was able to reunite the area[15] and is effectively the ancestor of medieval and modern states in Eritrea and Ethiopia using the name “Ethiopia” as early as the 4th century.[1 —

            Now, not only this but the culture is very nice when comes to African history in general and east African in particular. Islam was also introduced in Tigrai/Tigray by messenger Mohammed at the beginning of Islamic era.. People are decent and honest to the maximum.

            I think you had a little information, about this wonderful people and keep googling it if you want to know more.

            Best Regads

            KS,,

          • yoni tech

            Merhaba Kokhob Selomone
            you are right , I agree , can you also do a research on cultures that exist way before you have mentioned.Like ,The Land of Punt, The Ona culture , The Gash Group …
            Thanks

          • kokhob selamone2

            Hi yoni tech.

            This not old history. Example the Ona case is done only during our time and it is not,,,, long history. and you don’t need to google it as far as I know, Just any person and he simply will tell you when come to our – Ona-

            keep asking any old man in your are and he will explain to you clearly. But you also may have enough knowledge about. I will attach next Sunday the song about it or type in search engine simply Ona and listen. Everything is in google..

            KS,,

        • Abi

          ኮኮባችን
          https://youtu.be/rAjTYnnj3VY
          You are confusing me!

          • kokhob selamone2

            Dear Abo,

            Thank you..

            I am also not doing fine. Since 2017 all my mind is totally not good working. I may go to doctor. And thank you for reminding me..

            KS,,

          • Abi

            ኮኮብዬ
            My advice is you stay away from politics. I find it stressing . You need to rekindle the jebena page.
            ምድጃው ቀዝቅዟል::
            የቡና ጨዋታ ይሻላል :: ኮስተር ያለ ቡና ከምርጥ ጨዋታ ጋር መንፈስ ያድሳል::
            https://youtu.be/WRWgKfRFkp0

          • kokhob selamone2

            Wow, Abo,

            You refresh my mind today..

            KS,,

          • Abi

            ኮኮብዬ
            Glad you liked it. Tagel Seifu is an extremely talented artist.
            Check him out.

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    The regime of IA, whichever way look at it, has some sort of ill intention towards the Eritrean people. As we know, the regime had placed the people under most cruel lock down in response to the pandemic. Despite its false propaganda in relation to its handling of the Covid-19 situation, in practice it had refused donation of PEP, masks and ventilators by Chinese group at the start of the outbreak. The help was given to most of other African countries. It then refused any assistance from Eritreans in the diaspora by insisting that it only wants cash assistance. Now, Eritrea has refused to accept the COVAX initiative that is meant to accelerate epidemic preparedness by countries through the WHO and other partners. An analyst described such situation as turning the country into an outbreak super spreader. What good reason can one give for the regime to lock up the people in such a cruel manner in one hand and refuse all forms of help to mitigate the problem on the other?

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Hailat,

      As we continue to watch the disposability of our young generation being exposed to senseless wars of adventure, we will also watch the disposability of our population being exposed to the deadly virus by denying them all the protection including the vaccines. Don’t you think this is part of necropower and necropolitics – the power to control mortality and the power to regulate our population?

      Second, you are a good “watch dog” against the evil regime of Asmara. Thank you for bringing the issue for our awareness. Always ahead of us.

      Regards

      • haileTG

        Merhaba Aman,

        Thanks!

        The is a word “Hubris” comes to mind as far as the supporters of the regime’s state. I know the necro politics theory looks at he regime side of the equation as well. One understanding of hubris is;

        Hubris is also referred to as “pride that blinds” because it often causes a committer of hubris to act in foolish ways that belie common sense.

        The very act of undermining the country through willful and unreasonable refusal of cooperation is seen by the supporter as a demonstration of independent path developmental approach. Today, I listened to a PFDJista group chat where the speaker was trying to refute the regime’s federation/con-federation covert activities. He argues that “since federation involves loss of sovereignty but Eritrea, under the regime, exercises its sovereignty maximally, it is unthinkable to accuse the regime of harboring federation ambitions. He also says con-federation is a matter simple common interest agreement between two nations, hence it shouldn’t bother anyone!’

        As you can see, the regime’s undermining of the country in many fronts from health, education, economy, defense and the rest, is understood as something of value to maintain “independent path”. That is hubris or a pride that is going before eventual failure. Or in Greek mythology, it is the pairing of hubris and nemesis.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Hailat,

          ኣንታ ሃይላት ከምዚ እንዳበልና ተቃሊስናን አቃሊስናን (below in the clip); እቲ ሃገራዊ ነጻነትውን ተዓቁቡ ከብቅዕ: ሕጂኸአ ሓደ ህዝቢ ኢና ምስ ኢትዮጵያ እንዳበሉ ከቃልስዎ ክፍትኑ ክላውስ ምስ ምንታይ ይቁጸር?

          https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=oWiRhW7jWpk

          Regard

    • Haile S.

      Selam MoKsi,

      The problem is deep, the incompetency rampant. EPLF knew how to liberate the country, but didn’t how to liberate the people. As it conquered every inch of the country it wanted to control every thought of the people, which is impossible to do, thus it ended in eliminating and suppressing those suspected of not being in-line and under control. Political leadership that is selected for certain purpose with one or two criteria cannot do everything the country needs. When the deciders are few and become by default the only available specialist and when they get used to it overtime, they really believe are the only knowledgeable of every specialty. The scanty apparent successes that they never miss from reminding are the waters that feed their vicious irrigation and bolsters them to think they are on the right track. This virus is an emergency that will oblige them to comply. For example, they cannot open air transport without being in-sync with prevailing international health regulations. Originality and tooth and nail (ብጽፍርና) stops at the border, unless as Abi said, the Asmara airport is intertwined with Gondar😁😁!

    • Aman Y.

      Selam Ato HaileTG,

      In a nutshell, its all IA’s complex and grudges. Meles is quoted in saying” ብልጥ ልጅ እያለቀሰ ይበላል፤ ሞኝ ግን እያለቀሰ ሳይበላ ያድራል”

    • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

      Selamat haileTG
      1. DIA’s end goal is to reunite Eritrea with his motherland. How do we know? He clearly told us. He told the mini dictator to lead us. This was in Tigrigna. What do we want from this guy? To his credit, he is not hiding it anymore.
      2. How did he do it? He weakened Eritrea. He depleted the nation in every way. No need to explain here, since it is obvious.
      3. Does he has supporters? Unfortunately, plenty of them.
      4. How close is he with his plan? I would say > 95% is completed.
      I believe that we need to put every effort to make GiE successful. If not, it will be too late [if it not late yet] to save our beloved country.
      God be with us.

  • Aman Y.

    Selam Ato Amanuel

    Please allow me to continue discussing your writing. You wrote the essay “in search of an integrative discourse for the Eritrean politics,” which is almost in many peoples heart. It strikes me how not only Eritreans but foreigners labored to write for this reason

    Ruminating on your essay has made me feel philosophical. It could be developed and used as an expository reference for interpretations and applications. Some the thoughts were Faith politics or hope politics how about religious politics….Approximately 99% of Eritreans believe in their creator, It might help to consider the citizens needs. IA has abused the Jehovah, Muslims, Protestants, orthodox and Catholics in different degrees, based on their influence. Faith can be applied as a counter to IA’s evil . As we allknow, Ethiopia’s freedom of worship had been transformed by Meles’s administration. Eritrea is over 30 years behind. .

    I had a few questions from your writing, I will leave it at that, for I do not believe it will help find the “integrative discourse”. The Eritrean discussion should be on creating a shared purpose based on researches already existing.

    Most the vibrant Eritrean movements started energetic and mobilized many people, at a time. As the momentum decreases, another movement starts and gain the previous organizations members. It had been a circle . Personally, I believe a lot had been invested on the above endeavors. It is high time to reach one another and create a cascade towards one purpose. And share justice and peace as our return of investment.

    Finally, here are my rhetorical questions. How much has been written to mobilize our people? Do think what we are looking for is already out there? Can the new GiE be our Eritrean integrative discourse ?

    Let’s make forming “GiE” the Eritrean shared purpose to be the landing for change in Eritrea..

    Disclaimer: I am not part of the GiE initiative. I had met the Salehs on a couple Eritreans meetings. And I do not believe they know me. But I am kind of sold on the idea.

    With Reverence

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Merhaba Aman,

      Since the 1940s and 50s, our fathers and grandfathers had not a “shared purpose” and our politics was divided in to two diametrically opposite pulling between the “unionist” and “independence block”. The rifts of our politics allows the big powers to maneuver it to their interest – and as result Eritrea’s fate was tied with Ethiopia by “Federation” that eventually lead to a complete “annexation.”

      Eritrean politics continue to be divided in the Ghedli generation since 1970, when the splinters use our religious divide, to mobilize and exploit for consolidating their political power, by allying with the Ethiopian liberation front – a typical expression what Saleh has aptly explained it in his last “Negarit” as “አነን ጓናን ኣንጻር አዝማደይ” – a kind of modus operandi that is still continuing. The sad part of the Eritrean political fiasco is – the rebirth of the political division of the 40s, with different approach, between the “unionist” lead by the current Eritrean government and “Eritrea for Eritreans” lead by the opposition camp. You are smart and brilliant to notice it.

      You asked me if I think what we are looking for is out there and can GIE be our integrative discourse? Our divided desire is out there, and until we reconcile our desire in to a workable United purpose we don’t know the fate our nation with the kind of political cloud hovering over it. And yes, GIE can be an integrative discourse if we know the politics of compromise – the politics of give and take.

      Lastly, keep up your inquisitive mind. Inquisitive mind is the source of imagination and creation. Thank you for continuous constructive engagement.

      Regard

      • Berhe Y

        Hi Emma,

        The topic you presented is too complex for me to understand and to provide any comment.

        However I am interested in the exchange you are having with Aman with regards to “our division” that you seem to focus as the reason for our discourse.

        I am not denying this fact or that I am suggesting you are wrong. What I am asking is, if your understanding is in tune with the currency realities of Eritrea and if it’s relevant at all. What I mean by that is, for anyone who was born in Eritrea starting the 70s, for the most part those who are born in cities such as Asmara, Keren, Massawa etc, religion and region has little or yes significance at all.

        The reason being, Derg being an equal opportunity oppressor, the most majority of Christians, have realized that from 1974 that, this federation/ Union with Ethiopia was a mistake and have never looked back to reverse it.

        The Eritrean Muslims have figured that out in the 60s.

        If you combine the two population, I think close to 90% do not see religion, region or Ethiopia as a dividing factor.

        Now there are those 10% for what ever reason who have sided with the region (NNNN) and they don’t reflect or represent the true facts in the ground. For them rain or shine, they will be with the regime yes matter what, with fee will defect now and then when they decided to finally break lose.

        For example, if you haven’t had a chance to read, please go read the comments on Saleh Gadi or Bakri (falfasa) you tube videos. I don’t always read, but I read the Tigrinya and English comments sometimes. I also see the names of those people who comment.

        Saleh and Bakri provide a lot of videos so the people commenting are from the general public but a good indication of the diaspora who are actively participating or have knowledge of today Eritrea. They are not people using pen names trying to skew the opinions. The reason I say this, in order to comment on you tube (unless I am mistaken) you have to have gmail account. Most people use their names when creating email accounts (as they need to associate with themselves) and when they login, their accounts are automatically included every time they comments. It’s is true people can create alias and bogus accounts but I don’t think it’s the purpose of most people who comment. Those that do, it’s obvious to see because they are normally pro the government and they want to mask and hide their identity.

        In short, what I am saying is, those that oppose the regime, the Christians, they do not care who the person region, or religion is.

        As I have said already, the Eritrean Muslims have already know who the real enemy of Eritrea is long time ago and they were patiently waiting their brothen

        • Aman Y.

          Selam Ato Amanuel & Ato Berhe)

          I am glad you agree with my suggestions. Though I concur with Ato Amanuel in regard to the “rebirth of the 40’s” I would support Ato Berhe’s more. The አንድነት idea is in its infancy and can be do away easier than the 40’s. Besides there was no prior knowledge of a free Eritrean sate to.

          Have the best of the rest of Sunday

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Berhe,

          Sorry Berhe, you have the audacity to bring imaginable statistics that are not true (that are not studied figures) always in your argument. I don’t engage in such speculative figures b/c they are false statistics. Those are figures in your imaginative mind. So you can not talk about region and religion you haven’t seen it’s role practically in the politics of Eritrea. Go and read
          “ንሕናን ዕላማናን” and the result of our civil war.

          Second, if the issue of “union” and “federation” that is coming out from the horse mouth doesn’t mean anything to you, I can only say you are naive.

          Third, unlike the Muslim Eritreans who understand the enemy of Eritrea – the Eritrean regime, the Christian counterpart do not. For the Eritrean Christian true enemy is TPLF who were their own collaborators to fight ELF and the Derg regime. We have different enemy and different purposes – a divided nation ultimately at risk to lose its sovereignty. That is the truth on the ground. Your talking about the unity of Eritreans is untrue and no facts backs it. Pls find out an exit door from the house of denials, first to extricate yourself from falsehood and second to help us the real enemy – the Eritrean regime.

          Regards

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Amanuel,

            Just like you are making a speculation, when you say “ unlike the Muslim Eritreans who understand the enemy of Eritrea – which is the Eritrean regime, the Christian counterpart do not. ” aren’t you speculating as well?

            What is this fact of yours based on “the Christian do not understand the regime is not their enemy”.

            If I go and ask 50 of my close relatives, bothers, sisters, their spouses, and their close wife’s abs husbands, all of them represent all three regions of Eritrea, I can say confidently 45 of them opposite the PFDJ.

            That may not be a true representative of our people, but if there a scientific poll, it would not be far from what I am speculating.

            In case you are not aware, I said people born in the 70s and on words .,, which means for the most majority are who are not of ghedli generation. ንሕናን ዕላማናን means absolutely nothing, that’s why I don’t think your focus of that division has any tangible value.

            IA made us absolutely clear in the pain and miserly he has been inflicted in each and every house hold for the past 20 plus years.

            I do not want to make our issue external and I don’t want to bring any external entity to our internal issue.

            Eritreans are allowed to have an opinion to others like TPLF , the same way, those outsiders have an opinion on us.

            I can tell you, the most majority of Eritreans, both Christian and Muslims have similar opinion about TPLF abs their politics.

            Question for you:
            1) I can find you 100s and 1000s of Eritrean Christians like yourself who oppose the regime, crying day and night about TPLF demise and the suffering of the Tigray people.

            2) I will be surprised if you can find 10 Eritrean Muslims who are doing the same.

            This does not mean, Eritrean Muslims do not sympathize with the suffering of the Tigray people or any other people but they know it’s not their priority involving in politics of others.

            This also makes your argument “ For the Eritrean Christians, the true enemy is TPLF who were their own collaborators to fight against ELF and the Derg regime”, invalid. According to you, the Christians are fighting the TPLF, then what are people like you and all those I am “From Tigray” people.

            And finally, I think based on few exchanges I had with you, if I say or write anything that disagree with you, you tend change the discussion to unwanted “qoyeqa”, thus, out of respect I decide to disengage. This time I will also do the same.

            Berhe

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Berhe,

            I don’t want to go in to a circular argument you are fond of it. We don’t have the same political value. You have said what you have to say and I have said what I have to say. The public knows our stand. People who bring bogus statistical number for argument are not my forte to deal with. I will not be foolish to bring bogus numbers to counter argue your bogus figures. I agree also to your call for disengagement. Thank you.

          • Berhe Y

            ሰላም አማኑኤል

            People who bring bogus statistical number for argument are not my forte to deal with.

            ሓባል በላ ከቀደመትካ ድዩ ዝበሀል: ካብ በልካስ ይኹነልካ::

            በርሀ

  • Reclaim Abyssinia

    Dear Awate community,

    Prince Philip dies aged 99.

    Our deepest condolences to HM Queen Elizabeth II, his children, grandchildren & all of the royal family. HRH Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, may Allah/God rests his soul in peace and grants him Jannah.

    The prince and the Queen visited Ethiopia and Eritrea in 1965.
    I am sure the first and last visit of the region by the British monarch had all the good intention and best wishes for the region good fortune, prosperity and peace for both countries and the entire region when they dedicated their time to explore both Eritrea and Ethiopia with eight-day visits.

    Here’s a video of the tour, source from Reuters.

    https://youtu.be/Bv06_mykrHU

    Regards,
    Reclaim Abyssinia

    • Saleh Johar

      Dear Reclaim,
      My condolences to you and the royal family.

      • Reclaim Abyssinia

        Thank you boss, [stuff] happens😢
        Reuters is really crossed with Ethiopia, the news outlet makes a big deal out of a picture that was circulating around with the Queen & prince bowing to Haile Sellasie. I think they are exposing it as a master of fake news/picture.

        Dear SJ, what do you make out of the video from time ~6:28? I found some similarity with አጣቀዕቲ 👏. I think haile selassie succeeded by presenting a street show to the Queen & Prince, & the world, how Eritrean are happy to be annexed to Ethiopia. In the current era, people are using the same technic as if it is the olden days. With all the data in hand; history is repeating itself. Why did the Queen give Eritrea to Haile selassie?

        Do we have የእድሜ ባለጸጋ to verify this picture circulating?
        https://www.reuters.com/article/factcheck-selassie-elizabethii-idUSL1N2LM26S

        • Saleh Johar

          Selam Reclaim,
          I was a child then, but I happened to be in Asmara with my mother for some family function. I remember the preparation for the visit vividly and I had to do a thorough research to remember the events that I saw. At any rate, I wrote about the queen’s visit and it is a chunk of one of the chapters. I might adopt it for Negarit.

          The similarities of the public behavior is striking but people are ordered to line up and act happy by the rulers. It’s sad it’s still happening and then other leaders are ecstatic by “the warm welcome they received, just like Abiy thought when he visited Asmara. Thank you

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Thank you Saleh,
            If you’re going to adopt it to Negarete, I recommend you to be አራዳ about it.
            You might score an interview with the Queen with why & what?
            Eritrean being treated as trophy has caused the on going suffering of the region. In my opinion, it looks like Eritrea is up for a ‘trophy’ again. What do you think of my statement for the continuous treatment of Eritrea as a ‘Trophy’?

            Thanks,
            Reclaim

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Hi Saleh,
            I forgot to pass my condolence to you. It must be sad for you to see the most power full people you have seen in your country live now passed away. After seeing the Queen & prince in your childhood, and promised you a better life than what you had, now passed away without giving you a resolution to your childhood dream that has been taken away by them, you had the opportunity to enquire but the question never been brought to the Honourable Queen & Prince. It looks like you have one chance left now.
            Cheers,
            Reclaim

          • Saleh Johar

            Selam Reclaim,
            Sorry, I have too many condolences to worry about, I do not need one for a foreign prince who lived to be 92 Allah yerHamu is enough compared to the kids who are dying in their twenties. But no one wronged me except the Solomonic maniacs and their legacy guards . For you to mourn the death of a man who lived enough, at least you must be carrying an English passport 🙂 Right?

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Selam Saleh, Allah YerHamu is good enough. Our culture taught us to be very civil towards the dead. I understand all the comparison you set out, I’m sure I have no doubt how I feel about that where all the lives lost in comparison.
            I’m just taking the opportunity on attempting to get to the bottom of the cause of the misery our region faced for a long long time with an Intelligence analysis.
            You can always make a fortune out of misfortune.
            The death of the prince brought up as big news around the globe, it is not something that can be ignored and we now learn the prince who died at the age of 99, walked on the same street that I walked, and had a direct relation to the loss of lives of my loved ones. This big news raised my eyebrow with a new question:-
            1. Why & how in the hell the British(the alliance) decided to hand over Eritrea to Ethiopia?
            2. what did Ethiopia have to do to receive such an amazing country as a gift/trophy? Since the logic is not debatable.
            3. What did the Eritrean do to stuff up from having their own country without the excessive bloodshed and loss of family to the Eritrean people?
            3. Is it fixable or a never-ending misery from one to another?
            4. Do we need to go back to the root of the problem to find a permanent solution?
            PS are you referring to በኪዬ ዘምጸእክዎ ፓስፖርት? እንታይ ክአብሰልና
            What am I Reclaiming, that’s a million $ Q!👌

            For quick response…to start with Dignity for my people, stoping the undignified death wherever they go, such as in the Mediterranean. Dignity for my ancestry land and it’s people.

            I was disturbed with the continuous news flowing through every media about the death of the people in the Mediterranean. So we started a campaign for Reclaim Abyssinia, enough is enough few years ago, mostly concentrating with the problem in Ethiopia. Then I came across with your discussion-board, I believe I joined ~2018, to prompt incremental change with the region. I hope that helps for now
            Cheers,
            Reclaim

          • Saleh Johar

            Reclaim,
            Abi and I have a different view on a mistress. I stand corrected but I feel Abiy thinks a mistress is usually treated well. I think they are treated like trash. And in that sense our own is abusing Eritrea . I hope that explains.

            On my comment to you and your response, Sure dod explain enough my dear. But I think I goofed though I am not singing today, . I will confess to you in time 🙂

            Pls do t take my jokes too seriously, I do it to puss off the Ras who is sporty except when he wears his Ras cloak 🙂

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Hi Salehx,
            Let’s hope @disqus_OpSl7Ee8sN:disqus is not like some of the Ethiopian men who treats the mistress better. What I learnt in Addis is that a mistress gets a shop (called ተቀማጭ), a car (Atoze), and feed her Kitfo and ጥሬ ስጋ for breakfast, Whisky at night, accompany the man for ቂማ. While at home the kids and the wifee get to have Shiro and late-night abuse from the husband. A man who drives Atoze called አስመላሽ, takes away the car after a breakup from the mistress, so it’s the norm in Addisiababian to think the mistress gets better treatment than the wifee. Addis is a very charming place, it sends back its Arab tourist empty pocket when they come to visit, now the diaspora gets cleaned-up before they give up and return to their adopting country and they blame it on corruptions (የማታ ኢንቨስተር). The TPLF got caught up in the charming city and forgot about their region and woke up empty-handed. Now the Asmerx are taking over the charming city, the price of Asmserx hostess is high. Addis hostesses are complaining, ኬኛ አዲስ አበባ are driven out from certain locality by Eri-boy, using a bike is becoming very popular. There was a time gap speaking Tigrigna was scary & embracing, now Tigrigna is spoken loudly in the street, and Tigrigna music is back in the DJ box in all major & tiny club.

            In serious matter:- A meeting at Deversoir Air Base, Egypt, “regarding the meetings of His Imperial Majesty Haile Selassie I with the President and the Secretary of State14 of the United States. February 27, 1945. ” https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1945v08/d5

            Cheers,
            Reclaim

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Reclaim,

            Look at the Queens visit, look at the video where Eritrea was and look at Ethiopia was.

            Uniting Eritrea / Ethiopia was not a mistake in itself (from British/ US interests), considering the orderly transfer of power the British done to the Eritrean elected government and the economic and development those elected officials set out to do.

            The problem is what followed to of those who took over.

            The best analogy that I can think of is, “it’s like a homeless person winning 10 million dollars and he squandered and lost all of it gambling, instead of investing wisely for building generational wealth”.

            HSI was just a homeless in the UK, if anything else, he should have learned a thing or two about the British monarch and how they successfully transitioned to parliamentary democracy, where Eritrea was already a model that he could have used.

            Berhe

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Hi Berhe,
            Agree with your analogy. That’s a loss for Haile Selassie but how about the loss for Eritrean.
            I’m still finding it difficult why the world did not interfere when things start to go wrong. Everything was set as a theatrical drama. They had the right to take it away Haile Selassie.
            I’m guessing that the division of Eritrean was presented to the world as a bandit attempting to take over the nation and the world has accepted that.
            I think the failure of Eritrean is that they can quickly get divided and exclude one another. I also don’t think they are good at a diplomatic solution. We now back to the same sh**.
            Cheers,

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Reclaim,

            The federation was a just a solution to calm those Eritreans who want total independence. It’s easy to say now, but Eritrean politicians of that time are not worst by any stretch of imagination compared to anyone else in the region at that time. In fact I would say, they were way ahead of their time with limited resources they had and very limited support they had at the time.

            I am familiar with the writing of welwel (Woldeab Woldemariam) there is a book compiling his writings of that time, and I think he was as good as anyone can get. There are others of equal talent and sophistication if they were left alone, could be just great statesman.

            Eritrea was tangled in the region and it was a reward to HS efforts to help the rest of Africa contained and attached to the west, British / France long term post colonial guarantee.

            I believe this whole African Union was created to give some semblance to keep the countries as the colonial powers designed and continue to serve them when they left behind.

            For example, if African countries had total freedom like what Gandhi achieved in India, Africa would have a different continent today.

            So people like HS, even though they get the credit, but I think in the end, knowing or in knowing they end up serving the interest of the colonial powers.

            Berhe

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Thanks, Berhe, So it was inevitable, knowing that until this day, Eritrean likes to blame other Eritrean for the federation, etc, in order to advance their agenda. Eritrean were in a high position in Ethiopia, a statuesque would have been possible. But, Eritreans are always divided until these days, and we continue to be divided. The cost of that is inevitable.
            Cheers,
            Reclaim

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Reclaim,

            For example, I don’t believe Eritr3eans are more divided than Americans. And I don’t think, being divided in politics is really a bad thing. What I think “being divided” has some value if the question becomes “Are Eritreans divided when it comes to their sovereignty and free and independent of their country?”.

            I think the answer is defiantly no, for the most majority.

            Our problem today is two fold.
            1) We have a dictator like many countries who have their share of dictators ( which can be of different wave length).
            2) We have a neighbor who never to let us sleep in peace.

            If we have overcome the first problem, and replace the dictatorship with democracy, then the second problem becomes less relevant.

            Having said that, I think its really a miracle we were able to achieve our independence when the odds were all stacked against us, which is a real proof of our unity.

            Berhe

          • Abi

            Hello Reclaim
            There is a huge difference between a trophy and a hot potato.

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Lol Abi,
            Yes, hot potato.
            Left hand to right hand passing it around until it cools down… hot hot hot.
            Potato bmitemita!
            Cheers,
            Reclaim

          • Saleh Johar

            Reclaim,
            Treating Eritrea as a trophy? Some king it was his daughter, another bloody dictator said it is his pride, our own treats it as a mistress– and now trophy, It doesn’t bode well. Just treat it like gorebet ager and we will all be fine 🙂

          • Abi

            Selam Ato Saleh
            You only wish Isu treats Eritrea like his mistress. Are you kidding me!!

          • Saleh Johar

            Ras Abi,
            And where did you read that? I don’t think you want me to translate it into Amharic for you:-)

          • Abi

            Selam Ato Saleh
            You said, “… our own treats it as a mistress…” in reference to Eritrea.
            ተሳሳትኩ እንዴ?
            Let me try translating it into Amharic
            የኛው ጉድ ደግሞ እንደ ውሽማ ነው የያዛት::
            In the immortal words of SGJ , “ type your reply “.

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Abi, May be he is referring to me as “our own” maybe not, at the sametime he said to treat my country .. like ጎረቤት አገር. እኔም አልገባኝም 😁
            Cheers,
            Reclaim

      • Aman Y.

        Selam Saleh

        I am not able to see a comment I posted early this morning. It might have happened a couple of times before to. Is there something I should know?

        Thank you

        • Saleh Johar

          Selam Aman,
          I went back two weeks and couldn’t find anything. Try to check your status with disqus if it is happening often. But nothing from this side. Your last comment is posted and your account should be fine.

          • Aman Y.

            Will do. Thank you for your prompt response.

  • Aman Y.

    Happy Weekend all,

    Selam Ato Amanuel I had been ruminating about your piece the whole week. Incidentally there was a quote I heard at funeral.” Death is for the living.” I head it over a year now but couldn’t find it elsewhere. May be the speaker meant the reflection we get out of funerals. While searching for the above quote, (Necro curiosity), I came across a wonderful Roelif Coe Brinkerhoff’s Quotable Quote “Funerals are for the living. If we have not done for the dead while they were yet in flesh, it is too late; let the matter pass at the grave. Day by day we should live for those who are to die; and live so that we may die for those who are to live. Funerals are for the living.” I will leave this at that.

    After rereading your essay few a few suggestions and questions popped up.

    You wrote, “(e) The production of refugees: Eritrea is one of the few countries that has produced the highest influx of refugees all over the world. In less than three decades, over five hundred thousand Eritreans have left the country to find their freedom from the regime that…”

    Are not the people who flee better off?

    On my other day comment I asked if morale value has an effect on Bio Politics, Necropolitics concepts. Ato Haile TG had given a response to that. My argument is the fact that most Eritrean people are very religious(over 95% appr.)could make a difference as antidote of the concepts.

    The Eritrean government abused the Jehovah witnesses, Muslims, protestants, orthodox for fear of their growing influence. The Catholics were as institution and the popes may have been spared by the Vatican, but the members were emboldened merely by the leaders. The PFDJ were not able to intimidate the diaspora Catholics.

    Do you think some kind of “Hope or Faith politics, “if there is, can play a role in the future . Melies did a transformational change and I believe it helped the country a lot. GiE should be considerate over this religious Eritrea.

    Many Eritrean scholars, like yourself had labored to produce wonderful suggestive ideas. The “integrative discourse” may had already bean here. The next task would be to make it a shared purpose of diaspora justice seekers as we aim the …of IA.

    The Awate team has forwarded the GiE idea to the Eritrean people. The change seekers media’s had also presented educational discussions about it. I have seen a couple of Saleh’s interviews and Ato Hiruy and Awet’s discussion.

    Finally, I share Ato Abi’s constrictive criticism, if it had only been polite. You presented an expository reference of what you think needs to be tackled for change and to be cognizant
    for rebuilding. I do not believe the application should come from the” thinker or the writer…” Dr. Awet W/Michael
    .

  • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

    ሰላማት

    ‘ንታይ ትደሊ?
    ፍትሒ
    ስለምንታይ?
    ብዘይ ፍትሒ ኩሉ ፈራሲ

    ፍትሒ ‘ንተሎ ሰላም ይሰፍን
    ፍትሒ ‘ንተሎ ኩሉ ዜጋ ይቐስን

    ይማሃር ይሰርሕ
    ይሽቅል ይሓርስ
    ይሽቅጥ ይምዕብል
    ይዛነ ራህዋ ዝሰፈኖ
    ሂወት ይነብር

    ስለዚ
    ምእንቲ ፍትሒ ክስዕር
    ፍትሒ ንደሊ ንበል
    መታን ፍትሓዊ ፍርዲ ክንቅበል
    እወ ፍትሒ
    ክንደይ ከ ደስ ትብል!

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    Early next week, Tuesday April 13, 20201, will mark the third anniversary of that last time the Eritrean Cabinet of Ministers held a meeting (April 13, 2018). Since that time, Ethio-Eritrean border opened for the first time, September 2018. The border was then closed in December 2018. Eritrea was put on lockdown in connection with Covid-19 for a year and continuing in most respects. Eritrea is deeply involved in a war in Tigray since November 2020. The country is accused of very serious war crimes and crimes against humanity in that conflict. Eritrea’s National Security department is placed under EU sanctions. UAE had left its base in Assab. These are few of many dramatic things that happened since the Cabinet of Ministers met exactly three years ago to the day on April 13th. [coincidentally, April 13th is the date the Ethiopian-Eritrean boundary commission delivered its decision].

    • Haile S.

      Selam MoKsi,

      April 13 is the international FND awareness day. FND for functional neurological disorder. We will see if it is celebrated. You know that every international day is celebrated in Asmara (including ኩቺኔታ day😁), except those containing, prison, refugee, human right, national assembly, law, constitution etc.

      • haileTG

        Hey Moxey!

        That is interesting because when I looked at the pictures of the last meeting, some 75% of the Ministers were so old and seemed to be up close to some kind of FND. And the FIEND sitting in the middle was giving the cermon!

    • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

      Hey haileTG,
      According to Wikipedia, there are so many interesting things happened on 4/13 but to me, I still miss ‘Diqua enda quaranta quatro [4 = 1 +3]’

      • haileTG

        Hey MM,,
        Cool one! Also, numerology of 13 is death 🙂 nacro-

        • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

          Hey haileTG,
          Just curious….I noticed with some of the Ethiopian leaders names:
          ሜጀር ጀነራል መሓመድ ተሰማ
          ደመቀ መኮነን ሓሰን
          ኣብዪ ኣሕመድ
          etc.
          Is this common in Ethiopia or they are picking people with mixed names purposely to look they are fair?

          • Abi

            MM
            እድሜና ጤና ይስጥህ እንጂ ስለ ኢትዮጵያ ገና ብዙ ትማራለህ::

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Abi,
            Thanks! I hope I don’t learn how to create wars.

          • Aman Y.

            ስላም መሃንድስ-መዕባለ
            Though, it is not common, it looks like Lemma’s group had done it by design.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Selamat Aman Y.
            Something is unique. If I am not mistaken, I don’t remember seeing like this on the previous administrations.
            BTW, do they still call it Lemma’s team?

          • Aman Y.

            ሰላም መኅንድስ ሞዕባለ

            I do not remember to. Team Lemma does no exist any more. But most of team Lemma’s pre-current transition plans are still at work except the few Abiy’s blunders.

          • haileTG

            Hey MM,

            I think it is common for christian people who reside in predominantly Muslim area. We have similar cases in some areas of lowland Eritrea like a Christian by names like Jamal Welderufael or Letekidan Abdulkadir. I learned that some people adopt names common in their area. The distinction is more clearer when you get closer to the center of the areas from their peripherals. Others are simply from inter-religious marriages. 🙂

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Hey haileTG,
            You are correct. If I am not mistaken, it is common in Bilen. I think in Wollo is also common [from what I hear]. I was just wondering if it is common in the rest of Ethiopia.

    • Brhan

      Merhaba haile TG
      April 14 is Eritrea prisoners day.

  • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

    ሰላማት

    ተመኪሐ
    ምሉእ ሽም ሃብ! ምስበሉኒ ግን
    ፈሪሐ

    መሃንድስ ምዕባለ ድማ በልኩ
    ዳግማይ ናፈራሕኩ

    ሽማካ ግለጽ ድማ ተባሂለ
    ከይነግር
    ከመይ ጌረ?
    ፈሪሐ
    ኣንታ! ናበይ ተሸርቡ ሰብ ስረ
    ድማ ተባሂለ

    ዳግማይ ሓፊረ
    ሽመይ ተነገርኩኽም ከ የሕጺረ?
    ማለተይሲ
    ከም በዓል ዮ. ዓንደ
    ዘ. ሃይለ
    ዝመስለ-ገለመለ
    ምስበልክዎም
    ክንዕቁኒ ጀሚሮም
    ሓቆም

    ፈራሕ ምዃንካ ክነግሩኻ ከለው ዘሎ ፍርሒ ክኸፍእ
    ካባይ የድሕንኩም ሰብ ዓዋተ

  • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

    ሰላማት

    ሕጂ
    ምስ ግዝያዊ-መንግስቲ
    ኣብ ወጻኢ
    ካብ ምክልኻል ናብ መጥቃዕቲ
    ንቐይሮ ስልቲ
    ክበዝሑ ሰዓብቲ
    ብበሓደ ክወጹ
    ካብ ጉብጥሽ ካብ በዓቲ

    ሓድሽ ምዕራፍ
    ናይ ዓወት መጽሓፍ
    ጀሚሩ ክጽሓፍ
    ከመይ ድኣ!

    ነቲ ናይ ሰላሳ-ዓመታት ግዝያዊ መንግስቲ
    ኣይፋል! ኣይናትናን ዝበሃለሉ
    ግዜኡ ኣኺሉ
    ስልጣኑ ኣብቂዑ ንሪአሉ
    ናይ ብስራት-ቃጭል ተቓጪሉ
    ጩራ-ሓርነት
    ዘበርዕን ባርነት
    ኣኺሉ
    ሃየ! ኢደይ ኢድካ በሉ

  • Abi

    Dearest Bayan
    I should have said keep it simple and short:)
    My question is when are you guys going to promote the discussions and articles that keep reappearing in different colors and forms from exposing the Isu government to solutions based articles loaded with recommendations?
    Sorry Bayan, I failed to read a single recommendation from the article. As I always try to say, I like comments and articles that are not complicated and based on achievable objectives. Academic articles and literature reviews like the article in discussion, bring no tangible solutions for the problems at hand.

  • Bayan Negash

    Dear Amanuel and Awatawyan,

    You raised some excellent issues related to the overwhelming power the state has over the body of a citizen, the latter getting next to nothing in return. The conceptual models you presented can inform one’s understanding of how a state uses and disposes a citizen in the name of national sovereignty while the individual citizen’s sovereignty has no place in the very nation that he/she keeps sacrificing for three generations now.

    The immutable nature of this kind of social contract for which Eritreans never signed on but continue to pay the ultimate price for is mind numbing, to say the least. There’s gotta be one thing we can all agree on, which is to rid the regime from the body of an Eritrean who has become the site of, and victim to, the necropower and necropolitics conceptual terminologies by which we are able to clearly see now; thanks to your ability to appropriating these concepts and showing your readers their applicability to our predicament under the siege of the Asmara regime. This is why Eritreans in diaspora must see the urgency for the need of GiE, sooner than later.
    Regards,

    P.S. It is easy to see how hitting 3 instead of 2 could’ve occurred when you mentioned the number of prisons the regime built since it came to power. The last count I read was 361 some three years ago.

    • Abi

      Hello Bayan
      Be honest with me here.
      Did you learn something new that has never been discovered before? I haven’t except some terminologies that I seriously doubt that the people under tyranny are remotely interested in.
      What are the major recommendations that this term paper provided that I missed? Repeating the well known shortcomings in newly discovered jargons ( for the author) doesn’t amount to a reliable solution. If you read the authors response to Haile TG, the purpose of the article is to expose the regime or something like that. Really? Expose the regime? In 2021?
      Have you checked the list of the reference material? Almost all are older than Eritrea as a new country. Social science is a dynamic process.
      Anyway, tell me something new you got from this term paper style article where the student tried hard to impress the professor with jargons.
      My sophomore English ( Flen 201)professor ( ጋሼ ) ዕቁባይ ዘርኡ would say አታወሳስበው!! Make it simple!!

      • said

        Greeting,
        Abi
        AH ,He’s articulate. He explained too well. He writes perfectly for kind of intellectual crowd and for the average person . his writing about Eritrean political issue comes from so many different angles over so many years is nothing new . his writing is to register with Eritrean public at large , that they needed to tell their stories and find a way to mythologize their experiences so that people could identify with it. Essentially, it had everything to do with the Eritrean national project.

        About Fifty-four years ago, Martin Luther King, Jr., delivered his now-famous “Beyond Vietnam” sermon. For the first time in public, he expressed in vehement terms his opposition to the American war in Vietnam. he had to speak out against violence everywhere — not just in the U.S. — if he expected people to take him at his word. Dr. King warned about back in 1967 and explained that day:
        “As I have walked among the desperate, rejected, and angry young men, I have told them that Molotov cocktails and rifles would not solve their problems… But they asked, and rightly so, ‘what about Vietnam?’ They asked if our own nation wasn’t using massive doses of violence to solve its problems, to bring about the changes it wanted. Their questions hit home, and I knew that I could never again raise my voice against the violence of the oppressed in the ghettos without having first spoken clearly to the greatest purveyor of violence in the world today my own government.

        Can you talk about your own government is doing in Tigray. mascaraing innocent lives. Ethiopia has long been consumed by civil wars and crisis.. Is time to reject a politics of death and war and embrace one of life and peace .

        • Bayan Negash

          Dear said and Abi,
          Well said, you put the onus right where it belongs to see where Abi stands when you ended your note if Abi could address the current issues that, the historical tentacles of which go to the formation of the nation Ethiopia. To reiterate or put emphasis on it, here is what your-to-the-point question:

          “Can you talk about your own government is doing in Tigray. mascaraing innocent lives. Ethiopia has long been consumed by civil wars and crisis.. Is time to reject a politics of death and war and embrace one of life and peace.”

          Abi, this time no biting humor is needed. Please give us your honest take, not politically tainted one. Only humanly tainted response deep from Abi’s mind and heart. I know you use humor to dance your way out of many issues. This time though the expectation is for you to give us Abi’s real heartfelt opinion, one that goes beyond the killil amhara, beyond Tigray, beyond the Oromialand, and beyond Isaias the savior talk. Talk to us as an Ethiopian without necessarily blaming anybody, but a way for us to help ourselves to move toward bright future of the Horn of Africa.

          • Abi

            Dearest Bayan
            You know dancing in circles is not my expertise. I leave that for the activists and politicians.
            This is my most straight answer.
            I don’t believe there is a massacre going on in Tigray. You are sold to the Tplf propaganda.
            However, if there are remnants of the late Tplf thugs who are trying to bring havoc in the country ( wherever it might be), they should be eradicated from the face of the earth.
            The government has already extended clemency for these criminal thugs to drop their guns and continue with their peaceful life. Some accepted the invitation, some continued to wreck havocs.
            I support the government’s efforts in bringing peace and normalcy in the region.
            This is my straight answer.
            There should be a serious consequence for picking up a gun against the federal army or whoever is delegated by the federal government namely, The Amhara special forces!!!!!!!

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Dr Beyan,

      You are correct about the number prisons. No matter how hard we try to edit our writings, there are always misses. Thank you for bringing it to our attention.

      Regard

  • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

    ሰላማት ፕሮፌሰር ኤማ

    ‘ዛጽሕፍቲ ምስ ኣንበብኩ
    ካልኣይ-ሳልሳይ ደገምኩ
    ሓደ ሲሶ ምሓዝ ሰኣንኩ
    ናይ ጥፉሻት ርእሰይ ሓኸኽኩ
    ሓጸልጸል ክብለኒ ምስ ጀመረ
    ክልተ ታይሎነል ኣዝለልኩ
    ክንደይ ‘ኳ ኢና ከሲርና
    ኢለ ክሓስብ ድማ ጀመርኩ

    ክንደይ ኣርካናት ኣብ ደገ ሰፊሮም
    ናይ ካልእ ሃገር ኣማዕቢሎም
    ብሕጽረት ኣርካናት ግን
    ክንደይ ደቂ ሃገር ደንቊሮም
    ብሰንኪ ሓደ ተረገም
    ሰብ ምድረ ባሕሪ-ነጋሲ
    ሰንኪሎም

    ብውሽጣዊ ስንክልና
    ተወሪርና
    ጥዑያት ንመስል ብግዳም
    ‘ንኳዕ ኣይከፍትዎ ሓንጎልና

    • Brhan

      መሃንድስ ነብሲ
      ጥ ዕና ‘ ሃበለይ!!

  • haileTG

    Selam Awatista

    Question for Guad Abi!

    Given that PMAA have been popularizing (attempting to) the notion of Medemer as a unique political motto, whatever has happened to it? As the Amhara are protesting, the Oromo protesting, the Tigrayans are deep in insurgency, could we say that PMAA was not smart in evaluating Ethiopia’s historical and current challenges properly before coming up what appears like a joke now? Was IA accurate in his last interview when he assessed PMAA to be impulsive and emotional? With respect:-)

    • Brhan

      Hello Halie TG
      Guad Abi must be relaxing after attending the DC ጉዳዮችን የማጋለጥ ዘመቻ demonstration.

      • Abi

        Brhan
        Real Madrid 3
        Liverpool 1

        Manchester City 2
        Dortmund 1

        Don’t miss tomorrow’s games
        PSG vs Bayern
        Chelsea vs Porto

        Next week
        Second leg games.
        As always, you are most welcome!

        • Aman Y.

          Selam Abi
          ይሄ የኩዋስ ነገር አልበገሬ አድርጎሃል፤ ለመሆኑ የማንን ስልት ነው የያዝከው ደሞስ አስሩ ይቡድኑ አባላት የታሉሳ ወይስ አንበሉ ስለሚወክላችሀው ነው ወይደሞ እንደበረኛ ችለኸው ነው? እንዲአውም ሊጉን ወክለህ ይቀረብክ ነው ምትመስለው? ጽናቱን ይስጥህ።

    • Abi

      ኃይላችን
      እጅግ ለዘገየው መልስ እጅግ የላቀ ይቅርታ ይደረግልኝ::
      መደመር / medemer = to add
      መደመር/ meddemer = to be added
      Here PMAA is promoting the second one which is voluntary by nature.
      It is an open invitation for whoever is interested. That includes ( in case you missed it ) Eritrea. Just kidding.
      Now let us see መደመር in a simple mathematical process.
      BoDMAS

      B ( bracket) bringing the Oromo and Amharas together to bring the long over due change.
      D (division) dividing eprdf into pieces and voluntarily bring whoever is interested in the bracket.
      M ( multiplication)- multiply supporters inside or/and outside the bracket.
      A ( addition) Add Eritrea in the equation
      S ( subtraction) subtract or eliminate Tplf

      TR {Truth value} =Problem solved
      ኢትዮጵያ ሃዱርሲቱ!!!

      ኃይልሽ
      As far as I remember, you were one of the most admirers of PMAA. What happened ኃይልሽ? I remember once you said that you can listen to the PMAA all day long or something very close to it.

      • haileTG

        Hey Guad Abi,

        Thanks, that kind of clears it out:-) I think this is a tell tell sign for which I am sure you have an apt Amharic adage – tetsgbeni qicha ab meqlo kola E’felTa! is Tigrigna. With your budding Tigrigna I am sure you’ll figure it out. But, you’re right, I had high hopes for Abi – young, well spoken, a health degree of God talk in him. I have grown to doubt that he commands the necessary zeal and commitment in the form of stick to it-ness. He tends to abandon his stated goals without hesitation. Flexibility is an asset but wobbliness is liability. Otherwise, Abi would have been a fair deal for Ethiopia. IF he does as he preach though.

        • Abi

          ኃይልሽ
          መደመር is not a straight forward concept.
          አንዱ ለመደመር ሲያመነታ ሌላው ሲቀነስ ሲንቀዠቀዥ ጉዞውን የተወሳሰበ ያደርገዋል::

          What I understand from the previous several comments you made, you are not just doubting the young PM. You have joined the “DOWN DOWN! ABIY” team . I have spotted you on the reserve bench.

          • haileTG

            Wendime Abi,

            Down down politics is well behind for you guys. Leave that to few dictatorial outposts such as Eritrea and North Korea. Ethiopians need to work on your babystep democratic walk, strengthen institutions and human rights. PMAA kehede lela ymeTal. Thanks God you’re not dependent on personality as we are.

            Any ways, I don’t see Eritrea buying in to medemer after you guys tripped Isu to dem afasash conflict with our natural access to Ethiopia, Tigray. Ahun arfachu teqemeTu. 🙂

          • Abi

            ኃይልሽ
            አንተ ካዘዝክ አርፈን መቀመጥ ብቻ ሳይሆን መተንፈስም እናቆማለን::
            We are paving new and improved access to both countries.
            በሰማይ :በየብስ : በምድር
            We are demolishing walls and opening doors and windows!
            የምድሩም የሰማዩም በር ቁልፍ በእጃችን ነው:: ፀባያችሁን አሳምሩ!!

      • Reclaim Abyssinia

        Abiyachen,

        I love my beer in MedMer,
        malted-barley from Gondar.
        Chilled and brewed in Asmara,
        Let’s take it down to Massawa.
        Sipping it one after another,
        Until I go down-under!!!

        ጆክ
        ከጎንደር ወደ ምጽዋ የሚነግድ ጎንደሬ ወደ ምጸዋአ ሲሄድ አስመራላይ ኣድሮ የደረሰበት ጆክ:
        አስመራ ምግብ ቤት ገብቶ ምግብ ሊያዝ ሲል ሜኑው አልገባ ይለውና አንዱን በጣቱ ለአስተናጋጁ ይጠቁምለታል:
        ሮስት ዝኩኒ ይዞለት ይመጣል
        በጣም ኣዝኖ እሷን እየበላ ኣጠገቡ ያለው ዶሮ አሩስቶ ሲበላ ያይና ይጎመጃል፣
        ባለ ዶሮ ኣሩስቶ ሰውዬ ቢስ ይላል፣
        ኣስተናጋጁ ሌላ ይደግመዋል በፍጥነት
        ጎንደሬውም እጁን ያወጣና ቢስ ይላል
        በፍጥነት ዝኩኒ ይመጣለታል አፍሮ እሱን በልቶ ይሄዳል
        ማታ ሲኒማ ይገባል ፊልሙ ልክ ሲያልቅ ሰው ቢስ ይላል
        ጎንደሬው እኔ አላልኩም፥ እኔ አላልኩም
        ብሎ አየሮጠ ወጣ ይባላል

        The point is, there was real Medemer with economical interest with Gonder. Gonder used to produce the best ገብስ. Asmara/Massawa there was the best beer. I think instead of Medemer by referring to ethnicity, patriotism, & unity, it would have made sense if we can do that with the benefit to the locals. Gonder people are also the poorest, since Oromia farming is taking-off, logistic-wise doesn’t make sense to transport all the farm production to Addis.
        Cheers,
        Reclaim

        • Abi

          Reclaim
          “ገብስ የእህል ንጉሥ” ይላል የጎንደር ገበሬ!!
          It is a very well established fact that Gonder people are poor when compared with እራታቸውን ሁለት የዶሮ አሮስቶ ከመሎቲ ቢራ ጋር ከሚያወራርዱ Eritreans.

          በነገራችን ላይ እንዴት ነው አንድ ኤርትራዊ አንድ የዶሮ አሮስቶ ስልቅጥ አድርጎ ውጦ ሌላ የሚጨምረው?
          እርግብ ነው እንዴ የምትበሉት? ጫጩት ይሆን እንዴ ? ግራ አጋባኸኝ::

          The following conversation took place at ሬስቶራንቴ አዝመሪኖ located on ጎዳና ሃርነት

          አስተናጋጅ: ” ምን ልታዘዝ ጌታዬ”
          ተስተናጋጅ: ” የዶሮ አሮስቶ”
          አስተናጋጅ: ” ስንት አሮስቶ ይሁንልዎ ጌታዬ”
          ተስተናጋጅ: ” ለጊዜው ሁለት አምጣና ካልጠገብኩ አንድ ሁለት እጨምራለሁ”
          አስተናጋጅ: ” እሺ ጌታዬ : እስከዛው ቢራዎትን አመጣለሁ”
          ተስተናጋጅ: ” መልካም: አንድ በርሜል አምጣና ካልበቃኝ እጨምራለሁ”

          ራሥ አቢ: “እዋይ!!”

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Hi Abi,
            At least we agree on one thing. The best ገብስ from Gonder. “ገብስ የእህል ንጉሥ”
            I thought the name of the beer was pilsner, now I know it’s መሎቲ ቢራ. The famous Eritrean Beer.
            FYI, In Asmar restaurant they serve you with quarter chicken roast butterflied, unlike western they hand you the whole chicken or in a wrap. Try it the Italian style, highly recommended. Primo, socondo and desert, etc. I only learnt in the west spaghetti as a main course. It is only used as primo in Asmara, and socondo የጥጃ ኣሩስቶ፣ የቺክን ኣሩስቶ፣ ካተሌት, etc, end with Gelati, complemented with a walk in Komishatato. If you ever get the opportunity to go to Asmara I recommend you to experience this. I think with your hard work you should be rewarded with the trip to Asmara by someone. Don’t forget the cinema as well.
            BTW, since when people from Gonder described as rich. Don’t you remember ቀበሌ እህል የሚሸከሙትን. Only the Oromo think every amahara is/was rich.
            Cheers,
            Reclaim

          • Abi

            Reclaim
            I can’t wait to experience the legendary Asmara cuisine with an evening ኩቺኔታ ride on Godana Harinet.
            My trip should be sponsored by Awate University.

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Abi,
            I am sorry to have to tell you that it will be a long wait for you.
            At the moment anything with > 2wheel will be confiscated (probably until the Tigray war is over), and the driver/rider will vanish(Oromay). Then SJ gone have to make Negarit #XXX
            I don’t think Awate will want that trouble, but Abiyachin, will be happy to sponsor you, give you a hug, show you love❤️😍 & ceremonial welcome! But wait a minute, anyone that he shows love/hug 😘are vanishing too 😁i.e Johar, chief of staff.. oh no there are more. I suggest you remain in the virtual world behind the curtin, unless you are familiar with AK47, it’s not easy world there.
            Stay alive,
            Reclaim

          • Abi

            Reclaim
            I take your advice seriously.
            The last thing I want is appear on Negarit edition.
            We don’t need Ethiopian style “ሳይላክ የቀረ ደብዳቤ” to be narrated by the one and only…
            ከአስመራ መሎቲ የጎንደር ጠላ ይሻለኛል::

            You guys have to come with scooter style ኩቺኔታ to avoid the restrictions.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Abi and Reclaim,

            I am enjoying your conversation. Just to add to your well thought discussion…..

            In Eritrea too, ቅጫ ጎጎ ( which I think i smade from ገብስ, is considered of a highest quality) so it’s king of as well. Not every Eritrean has the luxury of eating Aresto…in fact the most majority do not.

            ሓደ ሃገረሰብ ካብ ከባቢ (in villages which is known ሓማሲን outskirt of Asmara), who are known growing quality pumpkin (ዱባ) goes to the restaurant. He didn’t know what to order but he see people ordering Zucchini so he orders as well.

            Then when he gets his order, he was surprised and thought it was pumpkin and says…ወይ ዱባ ዱቤ ኣስማራ መጺእካ ባ ሽም ቀይርካ :: Reclaim you may have to translate.

            I know you keep making joke about my ኩቺኔታ:: You forgot the whole story, ኩቺኔታ, become popular because of the Derg. The reason being, they banned bike and there was no fuel for cars (rationed). And people start using ኩቺኔታ to transport food and other goods. We played with ኩቺኔታ, like kids do with skate boards.

            BTW, ኩቺኔታ are banned in Godena Harnet so you will never find it there.

            I suggest you learn to bike (I find most people from Addis do not know how to use cycle (most of my relatives)) and you will have the best times.

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Hi Berhe,
            The last time I called Asmara I asked them if they need anything because of the lockdown. Here’s the transcript

            Reclaim ፤ ሃይ ምን ልላክላቹ
            Reclaim ፤ ሎክ ዳውን እንዴት እያረጋቹ ነው
            አስመራ ፤ አረ በጣም ተቸግረናል
            Reclaim. ፤ ገንዘብ ልኪያለው
            አስመራ ፤ ገንዝብ ምን ያደርጋል ገበያ ወተህ የሚገዛ የለም ጭራሽ
            አስመራ ፤ ሽሮናምስር ነው እሱን ደግሞ መብላት ልጆቹ ተቸግረዋል
            Reclaim. ፤ በኔ ወተው ነው ?
            አስመራ ፤ ኬቻፕ ባገሩ ጠፍቶ ነው!
            Reclaim ፤ እና ምን ልላክላቹ
            አስመራ ፤ ሽሮ በኬቻፕ ለምደው አሁን ሚበሉት ኣጡ
            Reclaim. ፤ አንድ ካርቶን እልካለው
            አስመራ ፤ በኤምባሲ ላከው አለበለዚያ ይወረሳል
            Reclaim. ፤ እኔ ኤምባሲ አልሄድም ታውቃላቹ
            አስመራ ፤ በቃ ደም ብለህ ላከው እሱ ነው ደስ የሚላቸው
            Reclaim. ፤ እሺ
            i@disqus_OpSl7Ee8sN:disqus
            translation services
            ሓደ ሃገረሰብ ካብ ከባቢ = አንድ ባላገር ከሆነ ቦታ
            ወይ ዱባ ዱቤ ኣስማራ መጺእካ ባ ሽም ቀይርካ
            = ወይ ዱባ ዱቤ ኣስማራ መተህ ስም ቀየርክ
            ትግርኛ = ኣማርኛ በጠረባ :የሚባለው እውነት ነው ባክህን
            Thanks,
            Reclaim

          • Abi

            Reclaim
            ሽሮ በምን??
            በተሰቀለው!!!

          • Abi

            Berhe
            Fun fact 1
            Saturday Weddings came to existence because of the Sunday driving restrictions during the derg days.
            Fun fact 2
            Addis is not convenient for bike riding. Too many hills in the city. Besides, people prefer their convertibles over the weekends and their SUVs on weekdays:)
            Convertible = በረባሶ ( made of used tire)
            SUV = ሸራ ጫማ
            Fun fact 3
            እኔ ወንድምህ ጡጦ የጣልኩት ብስክሌት ተገዝቶልኝ ነው:: I was two years old.
            Fun fact 4
            You have got no idea how much we use ኩቺኔታ for transporting goods. They are very useful except don’t use them for weddings like you asmarino guys do.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Abi,

            We didn’t become known as “king of the mountains” for no reason. Asmara / Eritrea has equally the same amount if not more hills. I think, it’s more than a cultural/ appreciation of the bike and the roads are made to be shared.

            I don’t know if Abiy is reading your comment or you are writing after his speech but it seems he is on to something with his day dreaming ideas.

            1) Why we need to drive car, when we have our feet. We are fighting with God when he gave us feet, and use car instead.
            2) why do we need to make irrigation and build dams (including HiDASE) and the natural course of water.
            3) Why we need to carry umbrella when it’s sunny, as it is natural way that we need to consume the sun.

            Ti be honest I don’t know the full context of the speech but please by all means, shed some light.

            I thought the Stalin Dude was funny but this is beyond my level of understanding.

            1)

          • Abi

            Berhe
            I haven’t followed news last couple of days. It is all depressing. I will search for the speech.
            You know I like people who dream big. Like people dreaming about the French Riviera kind of DRAMA.

            PS
            Never heard of this “king of the mountain “ thing before.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Abi,

            There is the whole documentary about it.

            Google it. “Faces of Africa – King of the Mountains”.

            I hope things better. I was in Addis very long time ago, and to be honest, it’s not really a place that I think about to visit as a vacation destination, may be on my way to Eritrea that I will have stop over or something. I would rather visit the other parts such as Semien mountains, Lali Bela or other historical sites.

            But the other day I saw this you tube video titled “ The Ultimate ETHIOPIAN FOOD TOUR – Street Food and Restaurants in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia!” by Mark Weins.

            All I can was wow, and I would definitely go to experience that and I would definitely take my children and experience that. I would also visit Harer as well.

            Berhe

          • Abi

            Berhe
            ድሮ ጎረምሶች ሳለን መንገድ ላይ መብላት እንጂ መንገድ ላይ መሽናት አያሳፍርም ነበር:: ዘንድሮ ተሻሽለን መንገድ ላይ መብላት አያሳፍርም::
            ” አጥር ላይ የሚሸና ውሻ ብቻ ነው” የሚል ማሳሰቢያ በየአጥሩ ላይ ማየት የተለመደ ነው::

            እቺ “face of Africa “, “ king of mountain “ የምትል ንግግር ከንክናኛለች:: ፈረንጅ እኮ baboon ሲልህ አሰማምሮ ነው:: ተሸወድክ!

            The connection flight to Asmara must be Gonder not Addis:)

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Abi,

            I will remind you when an Eritrean wins the Tour de France.

            Why should be the transit via Gonder?
            Are you assuming all transit to Asmara is via Ethiopia?

            I was talking about visiting Addis on my way to Asmara, but I would prefer direct flight home.

            Berhe

          • Abi

            Berhe
            When an Eritrean wins the Tour de France , we all celebrate together.

            Are you talking about a direct flight from Toronto to Asmara? I guess you have to wait until the legendary Eritrean Cuccineta Lines get up and rolling. In the mean time Ethiopian carries the keys to Asmara.

          • Haile S.

            Selam Abi & Berhe & all,

            በርሀ፡ እንደ ትግሬ ቁጣ ቁጣ ኣይበልህ😁 Everyone aspires to be the gate for heaven (Eritrea)! ምን ይደረግ! ይታደሉታል!

          • Abi

            መምህር
            “ይታደሉታል እንጂ አይታገሉትም ” አለ ቀብራራው!
            ግድየለም በርሄ የትግሬ ዘር ሳይኖርበት አይቀርም እንደ ጀበናቸው ቱግ ቱግ ይላል::

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Abi,

            What we call your kind of talk

            ዝአኽለን ጥሒነን በዓለ ማርያም ይብላ::

            Berhe

          • Berhe Y

            ስልም ሀይለ

            I don’t know what I have said that you consider ቁጣ::

            ስለ ምንታይ ንዐድኹም ጽቡቅ ሕልሚ ትሐልሙ እኮ ኮይኑ ናይዚአቶም ነገር::

            ናታቶም ከይ አኽለና: እዝም ናትና ከተቀባጥሩሎም ጸሐይ ዓሪቡ:😄 እሽሩሩሩሩ

          • Haile S.

            በርሀ፡
            ‘ቁጣ’ መኽፈቲ ነገር እዩ ነይሩ።

            ለኣቢ እሽሩሩሩ? እንዴ! የእህታችን ባል እኮ ነው። ደግሞ እነ ኣምዴ ሲፈረጥጡ፡ እነ ሆሪዞን ሲቆጡ፡ ጥግት ብሎ ከኛ ጋ የቀረው፡ ግጦሽ ቢኖርም ባይኖርም፡ ኣብሮን የሚግጥ፡ እሱ ብቻ ኣይደል!

          • Haile S.

            ሰላም ጀታው፡

            ከጎንደር ጠላ የኣስመራው ይጣፍጣል። ኣባሻውል ቀበሌ ስለማታውቀው ነው። ጳውሎስን ጠይቅ!

            ለመሆኑ “ሳይላክ የቀረው ደብዳቤ”፡ ‘ለራስ የተጻፈው ደብዳቤ’ ይሆን? ኣላነበብኩትም!

          • Abi

            መምህር
            ጳውሎስን የት አግኝቼ ልጠይቀው? አንዴ የአክሱም ፅዮን ቄስ: ሲያሻው የቦስተን ዱርዬ እየሆነ መጨበጫ አጣሁለት:: እባክህ ካገኘኸው መናፈቄን ንገርልኝ::
            የአለማየሁ እሸቴን ” መራቁን ተይና ወደኔ ቅረቢ” የሚለውን ዘፈን እንደኔ ሆነህ ዝፈንለት::

            “ሳይላክ የቀረ ደብዳቤ” ታሪኩን ረስቼዋለሁ::
            It is basically about a Russian soldier during the 2nd world war who wrote a letter to his wife but failed to send it because he was shot or killed.
            I don’t want to mislead you. I have to ask people with their memories intact.

          • Haile S.

            ጀታው፡

            ፓውሎሳችን የእነ ፉኮ እና ሩሶ ፍልስፍና ፈትፍቶ የዋጠ ከዩቱብ ተዋናዮች ኣታወዳድር። ሶሪ በል!

          • Abi

            መምህር
            ሶሪ

          • Saleh Johar

            Abi,
            I think the story is from Tolstoy’s War and Peace

          • Abi

            Selam Ato Saleh
            It is a translated book. I had the book when I was very young. As you know , it is impossible to find reading and Abi in the same book.
            Reading a book? Say what?!?!?!?

          • Saleh Johar

            Abi,
            And. Had a teacher who once said: not reading books is a crime, but admitting you don’t deserves capital punishment. It’s a bit exaggerated but he managed making us feel guilty for not reading. That’s why I read the best book of all time, “Lemma begebeya” 🙂

          • Abi

            Selam Ato Saleh
            You are always ahead of time! I stopped at Lemma betmhirt bet.
            I’m also a little bit exaggerating. Just a little.
            I prefer reading research papers and articles. I’m like a Cheetah that runs extremely fast and effective in short distances. Long distance and bulky books are not my strength unless the author is Harold Robins. ( Saay, pretend you are not here)
            When it comes to research articles, I’m like a sponge. I read them fast, I read everything, I enjoy them.
            “እከክ የሰጠ ጥፍር አይነሳም” አይደል የሚባለው?

          • Saleh Johar

            Abi!
            Harold Robbins? I was during my puberty years that I read The Carpet Baggers. It was not age appropriate for me, but I saw it, I had it and I read it. My world view was confused. Yet, I read a few of his books until I found Jackly Bisset, not to his level, but another confusing novelist for an innocent child growing up in a conservative town.

          • Abi

            Selam Ato Saleh
            Looks like you jumped from Agatha Christie to Harold Robins with no bridge in between.
            You read what was available in that particular time and place. In my opinion it is better to read those kind of age inappropriate books than the Amharic ላሜ ቦራ where the writer painted a stepmother with a wide and ugly brush. Only ሰይጣን knows why people write this kind garbage? I believe the reason we don’t tolerate each other is because we grew up reading such kind of books. It is full of hateful things.
            Harold, Jackie Collins? Give me a thousand of them than one ላሜ ቦራ.
            You see, Jackie Collins books mostly affect ከወገብ በታች:: ላሜ ቦራ አንጎል ነው የሚያደርቀው:: I’m not exaggerating. Talk about a confused society.

          • Saleh Johar

            Abi,
            Which book is the one with story of a man who laced the tail of a cow and asked the suspects to go in and tough the tail. He had told them the cow will do something when the suspect touches it. The suspects was afraid not to touch the tail and when they all returned, the man smelled their hands and found out the suspect who didn’t touch the tail. Wasn’t it Lammie Bora?

            The Lemma books were the village priest type of preaching. There was also Lemma k’Mohammed Gara. In tenth grade an Amharic translation of a book, Madam Dubonfoit( sp ?), it was compulsory reading. I will be lying if I told I remember one sentence from the 400 or so page book. Did you study that?

            What drives me nuts is the language book: Ge—Gedele, Me Mote! Talk about nurturing warped minded children.

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            I’m glad to be such helpful friend Guad.
            I could picture you with white shirt, fully shaved, looking like feed the world advertisement, or looking like Juhar, popping out from the Ethiopian style red & Blue surrounding ribbon envelope, stamped with ‘ሳይላክ የቀረ ደብዳቤ’ Author, narrator and graphic by SJ. You crack me up man!
            Cheers

    • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

      Selamat haileTG ,
      The best way to define the mini-dictator, colonel Abi, is as a Divider.
      ዓርኪ ሰባር ነቓዕ!

      • Saleh Johar

        መሃንድስ,
        ኣውሒድካሉ ነዚ ምሕምዛቅ ስርሑ

        • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

          ሳልሕ
          ‘ንዳተሰክፍና ‘ንዲና 🙂

  • Aman Y.

    Seam Ato Amanuel,

    Thank you for your thought provoking and eye opener essay. Having these kind of discussions two decades ago might have saved us a lot. But, lets say “later than never.”

    If I understood you well, ” state of exception” describes Eritrea’s last two decades with out going deep into the other terms. Once a person becomes the law, I believe he can endow himself with all the other attributes. Abiy is also making command posts at the peripheries making a partial state of exceptions and going to the center subtly.

    Under the umbrella of State of exceptions the other concepts: bio power, Biopower, Biopolitics, Necropower, Necropolitics etc. can be exercised easily.

    Question: Does moral value of a society and the dispensation play a role in creating the situation ?

    I hope your essay initiates an educational debate across the aisle. Before the G-15 were imprisoned, there was a discussion on Dehai defending each side. A lady wrote a piece defaming the G15 and my advise to her was not to be a “Biocatalyst” unless she has political ambitions. She responded back by saying that she is a married woman with two kids and no possibilities. Now she is Eritrea’s Ambassador to the UN. Having this kind of educational debates on my sides could have made a difference.

    thanks

    • haileTG

      Merhaba Aman Y,

      There are certainly those who argue that the moral values of our society have something to do with having ended up with such a system in Eritrea. I see two reasons counter to that:

      1 – Such a toxic environment can be easily created in any society as long as the subjects are successfully manipulated. This happens in many big corporations with toxic work environment even here in the western world.

      2 – Eritrean society being diverse and not monolithic, no unique moral criteria can be applied across the board.

      At any rate, Eritreans are given to judging themselves too harshly, I would say rather unnecessarily at times:)

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Aman Y.,

      Yes Aman, Eritrea is a “state of exception” in the last three decades, in which the “sovereign power” can dictate his subjects and decide on the subjects who could die and who could live – an absolute power with impunity.

      Second, one could hope that the public to debate on the issue I have raised, not only in this forum, but also across the political spectrum, to understand the plight of our people, especially our youth.

      Regards

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    This topic essentially revolves around attempts to understand the PFDJ regime. I believe that PFDJ “supporters” would also benefit greatly from the discussion.

    How to be a Happy PFDJ Supporter

    Life is about the pursuit of happiness. Needless to state that therefore one ought to be informed about what they sign up for to ensure that it meets this basic goal. Becoming a PFDJ supporter is no different. One needs to know what it means to be a successful PFDJ supporter, what are the do’s and don’ts of it and how to align yourself rationally and emotionally so you would not live in a state of self-inflicted misery.

    Last week, we were able to witness PFDJ supporters setting upon each other in what appeared as a dog-fight in response to what Dina Mufti said. Some supporters criticized their fellow PFDJ supporters for protesting while draped in the Ethiopian flag, others bitterly protested the fact they couldn’t freely oppose what they saw as violating Eritrea’s sovereignty through the words of the Ethiopian diplomat. They hurled insults at each other and dismissed each other as if they were not deqi hade libi!

    The Eritrean charge de affairs in the US, Ato Berhane G/Hiwot, weighed in by suggesting that social media efforts of supporters be reviewed beforehand to ensure such spectacle doesn’t happen again (adding another layer of censor to what the social media have in place already!).

    As you see, what happed was really a tragic misunderstanding. PFDJ supporters inadvertently exposing the fact that they really don’t understand what it means to be a PFDJ supporter. If a supporter doesn’t really understand the nature of the support they are signed up for, they how can they pursue happiness?

    First, let’s look at the organizational structure. Isaias Afewerki (IA) is a dictator. He chooses individuals that have absolute loyalty to him to work immediately under him (Adi Halo office). Those people do not question, do not go ahead of him. In turn, his assistants choose individuals that have absolute loyalty to them. By simple mathematical deduction if B depends on A and C depends on B then C depends on A, a simple transitive rule. If IA’s helpers are loyal to IA and the helper’s helper is loyal to their boss then the last follower is loyal to IA. Such deduction concludes that a PFDJ supporter must be loyal to IA. Must not question IA, and must not go ahead of IA. If IA doesn’t give response to Dina Mufti, then the supporter must not do so.

    What we witnessed last week was that some supporters, whom were thought to be hard core at that, had little understanding that they are not supposed to speak up ahead of the directives given by IA. Hence, they created so much commotion and conflict with each other. In other words they were unhappy campers, their friends were unhappy campers and the opposition (the rest of us) had a great laugh out of it.

    So, to be a happy PFDJ supporter, one must understand that they are not supposed to be forming opinions, making pronouncements that is not IA sanctioned, perform anything for personal ends or anything like that. Take a deep breath, check the paperwork and decide if you wish to commit to it. Once you commit to it, the pursuit of happiness only works if your heart is on what you do. Be happy to give up your individuality, be happy to give up your reasoning faculty, be happy to give up your judgements an be happy to be a complete nobody, fully subservient to the dictate of IA. There are monks who leave the world for an isolated monastic life. But the monks do get together for religious observances. Hey, pretend that you have given up your life like a monk and guard your thoughts constantly and ensure you are not ensnared by the West, Woyane, Zunbulat, KedaAt…. Keep quite, speak only when you’re told to do and what you’re told to say. Have no opinion, else you could be going ahead of IA. If you can take it, well happiness is yours.

    The opposition looks to the fall of IA not because of some hatred or obsession. We know that the house of cards (the transitive deduction above) will come tumbling down as soon as he is gone. When IA is gone, his close and chosen assistants will have no one to be loyal to, and the domino effect works all the way downwards freeing the individual supporter.

    To be a happy PFDJ supporter, therefore ‘watch the space’ is the key.

  • Ismail AA

    Selam all,

    This product is clearly a result of handy and inquisitive mind. The time and thinking invested can easily be imagined. Meshing and matching theory with applied power-to-the ruled politics in the framework of nation states is a testing endeavor. This contribution has proven that Amanuel Hidrat has a formidable talent to read and assimilate complex stuff. As I recall, this is not the first time I read him putting up such an effort.

    I am not in a state to delve deeper into the points Amanuel has reached in terms of the regime and its relationship with the people. But I would like to focus on one of key points: hegemonic ruling systems and regime leaders crafting real and imagined enemies for the sake of perpetuation of power.

    At this point, I would like to push Amanuel’s time line (1991) for the discussion regarding Eritrea’s despot though his reasoning is understandable. The despot was keen to ensure concocting an imagined enemy. Before embarking on his infamous journey, he authored an infamous manifesto whose message he addressed to the unsuspecting segment of the population about a non-existent latent and deadly enemy called ELF that was out to destroy the culture and language of the Kebessa community.

    To sell his evil intention of power building threshold, he fabricated lies about mass killings the ELF leaders allegedly committed. One of the bizarre fabrications was crime that targetted students who joined the struggle from a particular place, Addis Ababa. Since then he and his surrogates peddled a priority of eliminating the ELF: ጀብሃ ክትሓቅቅ ኣለዋ. This had served as crying call and recruitment up to 1980-82 that also had involved the Woyane which was later on the despot had replaced as deadly enemy.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Ismailo,

      Thank you for the continuous encouragement. If you haven’t a health issue, as a historian, you are in the best position by far than me to do it effortlessly. Looking retrospectively, and with the advent of new theories, your argument has some merits. Despite of that, I believe necropower and necropolitics deals with “power and governmentality” and “sovereign power and subjugation.”

      Regards

    • Abi

      Selam IsmailAA
      I just learned from Ato Amanuel’s comment that you are not feeling well.
      I wish you a speedy recovery.

    • Haile S.

      Selam Ismail,

      I join Emma and Abi in wishing you a rapid recovery! To make you smile, I will link coming weekend, a classical french theatre “Dr Knock, la triomphe de la medicine” where the dialogue between the pretending sick and the Dr is hilarious. I am not saying you are pretending. It would have been hilarious if you were! Translating few lines to tigrigna gives this.

      ዶር – ከመይ ይገብረኩም
      ተሓካሚ – ሰሚዕኩም ዶቶረ፡ በዚ ኸብደይ በዚ በዚ የሕክኸኒ የሳሕየኒ
      ዶር – ኣይንሓዋውስ! የሕክኸኩም’ዶ፡ የሳሕየኩም፡
      ተሓካሚ – ሓቅኹም፡ የሕክኸኒ ይመስለኒ … ግና ኸ’ኣ የሳሕየኒ
      ዶር – የሕክኸኩም ወይ የሳሕየኩም
      ተሓካሚ – ኣወ የሕክኸኒ ……… ግና የሳሕየኒ
      ዶር – ዘሕክኸኩም ጮማ ምስበላዕኩም ሜስ ምስ ደገምኩም ዶ ይኸውን?
      ተሓካሚ – ኣይመስለንን (ርእሱ እንዳሓኸኸ)…. እወ ብሕልፊ ምስ በላዕኩ ….
      ….. the rest you will see it in french next weekend. No worries you will understand!
      ምሕረት የውርድ

    • Woldegabriel Tesfamariam

      Selam Ismael AA.
      When you weren’t around for the last couple of weeks I thought you were in the National Task Force. I wish you strength and speedy recovery with your health issues.
      Regards

    • Peace!

      Hi Ismael AA,

      Hope you feel better soon.

      Peace!

    • said

      Selam Ismail,
      Wishing you speed recovery أسَألُ اللَّهَ العَظِيمَ، رَبَّ العَرْشِ العَظِيمِ، أنْ يَشْفِيَكَ
      Research from the University of Rochester, published in the Journal of Environmental Psychology, has found that spending time outside in nature can have a powerfully invigorating effect.” walk out in nature, they get a boost in vitality or energy,”
      just 10 minutes walk will have a rejuvenating effect for several hours.

      I made a comment 7 years ago about Nimet El-Hayat,” the “Bless of Being Alive”
      Yes, true, I have my stress moments, yet, once I look out and see beauty in everything that’s standing and everything that moves, I realize that’s too meant for me; not owning it in the narrow possessive sense of exclusive entitlement, nevertheless, lying openly before my sight, it’s too, equally mine.

      Plush greenery, the ubiquitous sunlight at the breaking of the dawn, near sunset and in the heart of the day; the vibration of a world in motion, humans people of all colors and shape wandering around, all remind me that this is, in actuality, is my world, what a wonderful world; that I am alive; that the gift of living is seeing and feeling around, feeling blessed that being in full possession of the full faculties of the sensory perception and more, I am blessed; “Je Pense; donc, Je Suis.”

      Seeing existence, suddenly dawns on our souls the secret, the joy and the deep meaning of existence: livening the moment fully wrapped up in the bless of the Within, as the Without, in all its varied expressions and manifestations is the continuum of what lies within, the beauty of the mind and the soul, the primordial custody of the Divine.
      The continuous recreation of life is living the beauty in its absolute and ubiquitous expression in the fulfillment of a Grander Purpose communicated to mortals’ in the silence of the spirit, the attuned intuition of a cleansed heart, the whispers in the majestic silence of the soul. Let me brush the cacophonies of the ego to connect with the broader universe to render us humans, ,embraced with the spirit in our utter humility as the One and Whole.
      The stars in the sky twinkle with the smiles of the promise of tomorrow; of the light of the sun of the breaking of the dawn; the enchanting melodies of the robins trotting the pinnacles of the trees; the breeze of the sea flirting with the roses, the iris and violets; are reminders: it is a wonderful world.

    • Saleh Johar

      Ahlan Ismael,
      I wish you a quick recovery my friend. One more thing, I hope the queen is giving you a lot of hot Shorba. It’s the cur all medicine. Get well soon my dear

    • Brhan

      Merhaba Ustaz Ismail AA
      شفاك الله / May Allah cure you.

    • Haile S.

      Selam Ismail,

      I hope you are doing well. As promised last time, here is the link for the early 1900s classical comical theatre Dr Knock (ክኖክ). I don’t think it needs translation more than I did then. This is a short scene of it. Enjoy!
      https://youtu.be/xwQ4Zt6Me9s

  • Brhan

    Merhaba Professor Amanuel,

    Thank you very much for the article. We are lucky to have you at awate.com.

    Observation is the foundation of modern social science. Mbembe has observed to develop his theory: Necropolitics, which is the use of social and political power to dictate how some people may live and how some must die.

    The article is very rich and, as a result, it will let us to comment repeatedly. In the humble comment, I would like to present you the following question. The Mbembe’s tools that you illustrated relate the regime at power now as we speak. Your focus is on the current regime but if we go back, we find the 1977 Massawa war, another example of Necropolitics. Do you agree with me that EPLF’s action to send the Falool fighters to 1977 war in Massawa can be considered as tool (f) Shared violence?

    To be continued

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Haw Brhan,

      Thank you brother. Your question is, if necropower and necropolitics was applicable in the liberation era. I would say yes. The “sovereign power” of the organizations decide who will be sent to high risk of military operation and who shouldn’t. Who should be sent to sacrifice by walking over mines to clear the way for the fighters to enter the garrison of an enemy, who shouldn’t. The fate of Falul wasn’t different than the examples I gave you. But there is a stark difference between the “liberation fighters” and the current “Sawa recruits”. Tefadelties were self-conscious of volunteered recruits, who were ready to be sacrificed for the cause of the struggle; while the Sawa recruits are “forced recruits” who are sent to “adventurous wars” to quench the insatiable ego of “sovereign power” who decide who should be exposed to death and who shouldn’t.

      Regard

      • Brhan

        Selam Haw Amanuel,

        I have to acknowledge that I was introduced to necropower and necropolitcs by your article. After that my reading only covered its meaning, an intro to Mbembe and his works. Further readings are a must and thanks for the resources you provided.

        And now my second issue is with that differentiation of “liberation fighters” and “Sawa recruits” and precisely about the former.

        I believe there was a place for ethics in the research that led to the theory. And by that I mean ethical issues, such as “child soldiers” and “conscription”. There is a literature that indicates that these two issues happened during the liberation era. Can we say for the sake of argument we these two issues were legitimate? If we did does necropower and necropolitcs contadicts ethics.

        Thanks

  • kokhob selamone2

    Dear Brother Aman,

    I enjoy reading this long time waited article. Very nice article. I am searching to open my original profile. I lost it for now..

    KS,,

    • Abi

      ኮኮባችን
      እስቲ እንዲህ አድባሩን ደመቅ አድርገው::
      Making Windows on the walls is what the leaders of the two countries doing despite numerous third tier ግንበኞች trying their best building የቁልቋል ካብ::

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Hi Kokhobay,

      Glad you enjoy it.

  • Abi

    Hello Awatenation
    I couldn’t read past the image of the article. Since When Isu together with the opposition leaders appear on the Eritrean Nakfa?
    I see progress.

  • Reclaim Abyssinia

    Dear Gash Amanual,

    This article is way out of my leads, I had to refer to some of the endnotes to have some insight into the subject matter. It is a very specialised area of philosophy? You introduce me to an area that I would have never ever read if it wasn’t for this article. Thank you!🙏🏾

    Question-
    I hear about children in Asmara didn’t go to school for the last two years, and they are confined in their home. How would you categorise that? “imposing a permanent condition of ‘living in pain’ ”
    No movement in the city without a permit. No public transport, no Taxi.
    Is this “A state of exception that served to separate reasons from the ‘body’ and ‘flesh’? ”

    Is this ‘biopower’ ‘Biopolitics’, ‘Biopower’ or both ‘Biopolitics and Biopower’ or Necropower & Necropolitics, ‘right to kill with impunity’ ?

    Regards,
    Reclaim

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Haw Reclaim,

      The Children are hiding from going to “Sawa camp” is simple. They are afraid from the “sovereign power” who decide the life and death of its subjects. So it is part of the explanation of necropower and necropolitics. Remember, sawa recrcuites are ready to be exposed for senseless war of disposability.

      Regards

      • Reclaim Abyssinia

        Thank you Amanuel, 🙏🏾

        What happens to the people of the Eritrea Assembly or/and Parliament after abolition of Eritrea’s Parliament & it’s federal status?
        We know some flee the country. We know some remained in Eritrea. We know that some of them moved to Ethiopia with the Iveco factory, creating a new race of ‘Amici’👌.

        We always hear by all Eritrean ‘liberator’ bad mouthing🤮😡 about the people who stayed in Eritrea, but in fact, we know that there was a serious division among all of the liberators inside and outside Eritrea, before & after the Eritrean parliament dissolve.

        So what do you call, the act of defamation by both EPLF &ELF about the powerful people that remained in Eritrea or moved to Ethiopia (the Amici) in the context of this article?

        Based on the Chronology below, if Eritrean was not divided both Eritrea & Ethiopia wouldn’t have suffered for this long, especially with Derg after the fall of HiM.

        Some Chronology of Eritrea
        Emperor Haile Selassie signed the Eritrean-Ethiopian Federation Act 👎🏾👎🏾on September 11, 1952,

        Eritrea formally joined the federation with Ethiopia on September 15, 1952.

        The Eritrean Assembly elected Ato Tedla Bairu as the Chief Executive on September 13, 1952.

        On September 30, 1952, Emperor Haile Selassie issued a proclamation declaring the federal Ethiopian court to be the final court of appeal in Eritrea.👻👹

        The Eritrean Assembly adopted a resolution condemning 👏“Ethiopian interference in Eritrean affairs” on May 22, 1954.
        Emperor Haile Selassie forced the resignation of Chief Executive Ato Tedla Bairu in July 1955.
        Emperor Haile Selassie appointed Asfeha Woldemichael as ChiefExecutive
        Idris Mohammed Adem as President of the Eritrean Assembly in August 1955.
        The Eritrean Liberation Movement (ELM) was established by Mohamed Said Nawud, Saleh Ahmed Iyay, Yasin el-Gade, Mohamed el-Hassan, and Said Sabr in Port Sudan in November 1958.

        Crisis Phase (July 10, 1960-August 31, 1961): The Eritrean Liberation Front (ELF) was established by Idris Mohammed Adem, Idris Osman Geladewos, and Mohammed Saleh Hamid in Cairo, Egypt on July 10, 1960.

        Eritrean refugees that had fled to Sudan beginning in March 1967. Government troops killed some 10,000 Eritreans between April 30 and May 8, 1967.
        Some 50,000 Eritreans were displaced during this period.
        Government troops killed 30 Eritreans in the villages of Eilet and Gumhot on July 11, 1967.
        Government troops killed some 172 individuals in Hazemo and surrounding villages on July 24, 1967.
        The Popular Liberation Front (PLF), a Marxist rebel group, separated from the ELF in 1970.
        The Ethiopian government declared a state-of-emergency in Eritrea on December 16, 1970.
        The Eritrean People’s Liberation Front (EPLF) was established by Issaias Afewerki in 1970,
        Some 45 Eritrean students were executed in Asmara on December 28, 1974.
        Some 500 Eritreans were killed 😭by government soldiers in Asmara and surrounding villages on February 14, 1975.

        The Ethiopian government declared martial law in Eritrea on February 15, 1975.
        The ELF and PLF formed a common front on January 16, 1975,

        ELF-PLF rebels were placed under the command of General Goitom Gebre-Ezghi on February 7, 1975.

        The Ethiopian government extended the state-of-emergency to the entire province of Eritrea on February 15, 1975.

        Several hundred Eritreans (est. 235 to 470) 😭were killed by government soldiers in the village of Hirgigo on April 17, 1975.

        Regards,
        Reclaim

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Reclaim,

          Your historical chronology on the Eritrean body politics shows that you have a good grip on the history of our politics. However, I don’t see the relevance of your question with the issue at hand. But, since I don’t want to disappoint you, let me give you a short answer.

          From the get go (since the 40s) the Eritrean people had not a “United purpose” to determine their fate in history. The consequence of that failure, can be checked in the ledger book of our politics to see the extent of our loses. The division has severely paralyzed to change the prospect of our nation and its people. The worst of it is the continual denial of our reality as we speak. I hope I addressed your question.

          Regards

          • Reclaim Abyssinia

            Dear Amanual,
            Thanks for your reply, I copy and paste the history with a bit of modification to align it with my agenda. I do have more than a grip on our history. Maybe that’s the reason I try to reclaim it all.😁

            Asking the right question is the hardest one, it feels like if you know the right question then you know the answer.
            My question might seem not relevant to the scientific paper you presented but I am attempting to associate the subject matter to our history, and the history of the mindset of your organisation as well as its responsibility to our people. Trying to rephrase my question/comment, to hear your thought on it.

            If I’m not mistaken there were many assassinations of Eritrean by both major parties during the fight. one of them we know that they still have no mercy on their colleagues.
            That culture is developed and justified by defaming people, i.e ‘ከዳዕ’ አድነቶች, etc

            Now I understand a bit of Nacropoltics as work of death? and sovereignty as the ‘right to kill’? But before you do the work of death, you need some groundwork for your ‘kill’ to be justified. Right?

            Going back to the beginning of history, ‘Name-calling’ of the previous Eritrean parliament members and higher authority people with a different view than EPLF and ELF was/is standard practice, and it is still practised among many if not all. Abiy seems very good at it. @disqus_OpSl7Ee8sN:disqus ?

            It gave the people of Eritrea some sort of justification to embrace the action of EPLF, and Pxxx for any Eritrean to undertake their assassination of its respected members of the community.

            We have also witnessed kidnapping activity for retribution, such as ‘Mr Kebericho’ and many others, I do not know why, but no Eritrean cared about the act of hunting down and killing its citizen.
            Now we are seeing that same practice being upgraded with the sudden death of its members, basically the practice of poisoning people. So the trend keeps going up.

            So this can raise an additional question, which can be directly related to the unfinished conversation of the GIE as well.
            Based on history, are we treating Eritrea as a trophy? Are we rushing to win it solely, as history present us?
            Since the proposed formation of GIE is based on the ELF&EPLF liberator members only. And I have issues with that, like Beyan. For example, why don’t you be inclusive of the Amici?
            Why those people who were part of the ‘work of death’ with immunity to kill us have to lead us to the next phase, without even apologising to us? Dear Amanual, I don’t think this question directed to you, rather to everyone, including your organisation officials. You see the relevance in my question, i’m using the terminology you taught us to ask you the question in your context? I hope make sense.

            Cheers, 🥂
            Reclaim

  • iSem

    Hi Emma:

    Nice to hear from you, through this piece. Need to reread this analysis. PFDJ indeed created “Saw Camp” to shred the country to pieces. I am sure Sawa has some good meaning in the local Hidrab language, but you gave it a fitting name, albeit inadvertently. 🙂

  • haileTG

    Thank you Aman,
    Enjoyed reading this! No wonder we hear slogans putting those two, sovereignty and death, together abound! Ethiopia why mot! N’hagerey kiswaE’ye!… To my surprise, I was pleased to see this article because I was thinking about “the nature of Eritrean vis a vis PFDJ” political misconceptions that seem to be elusive. It appears that it is where a lot of confusion emerge wreaking meaningful discussions. I will say more later, but it relates to what you’re tackling here through the theories you cited.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Hailat,

      Thank you. I am glad you like it. Hopefully will generate a debate, and in the process, we will able to define the true nature of the regime and its subjects. That is the objective of the piece.

      Regard