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Eritrea and the Oromo Empire

Inspired by liberal and radical ideas, the Revolution profoundly altered the course of modern history, triggering the global decline of absolute monarchies while replacing them with republics and liberal democracies. Through the Revolutionary Wars, it unleashed a wave of global conflicts that extended from the Caribbean to the Middle East. Historians widely regard the Revolution as one of the most important events in human history. (From a Wikipedia entry on the French revolution)

Prediction

When the UN’s Security Council imposed on Eritreans the Federation with Ethiopia in 1952, a colonial official of the British Military Administration in Eritrea by the name of Kennedy Travaskis saw the implications of such an imbalanced arrangement early on, and gave this warning to the powerful who, as was later observed, paid no heed to his wise words[i]: The inclination to subjugate Eritrea and put it under strict controls will always remain a source of great temptation to Ethiopia. But if she (Ethiopia) tried, she would be exposed to Eritreans’ disgust and even to a revolution, which, with a little support from external powers, could undermine the pillars of both Ethiopia and Eritrea. 

How did this prophecy work in each of the two countries, Eritrea and Ethiopia?

Eritrea

The prediction worked precisely and to the point; the pillars of Eritrea after the Federal arrangement were knocked down never to rise again until this moment. Lives were shattered, societies broke, discord and ignorance prevailed, bigotry institutionalized, education integrated to slave camps, hunger running rampant, fear ruled, country emptied, youth drifted aimlessly in deserts and high seas.

Ethiopia

In Ethiopia, the prediction materialized in a slightly different way! The pillars of the feudal Empire were, of course, undermined, shaken and collapsed under the pressure, perseverance, and resilience of the Eritrean Revolution; it was, after all, the closed Horizons which the Ethiopian Army faced in its war on Eritrea that led it to revolt and overthrow the ancien régime. But the new militant republic, as if it was sleepwalking, immediately ensnared itself in the same game which its feudal predecessor played earlier and lost; one may see here that the definition of insanity as “doing the same thing over and over again and expecting a different result” Is justifiably avenged. The new republic didn’t know that for it, to avoid the fate of its predecessor, it had to disconnect itself from the toxic Imperial legacy especially at the point of its Eritrean policy. It didn’t, and the pillars of the new regime were, also, knocked down after seventeen painful years of trying “the same over and over again”, giving way to what seemed more open arrangement in which cooperation and mutual respect with Eritrea would prevail. For a while, it seemed that possibilities were now born for peace and development. Yet the war, soon, visited Ethiopia and Eritrea again and the two were at loggerheads again.

However, Ethiopia scored a huge military victory in this war. International geopolitical conditions, regional contradictions, and sober foreign relations helped Ethiopia to ensure that Eritrea, both in government and opposition manifestations, stay put, caged and paralyzed.

From that point onwards, riding the wave, Ethiopia soared high and started outpacing, in great strides its fossilized rival, leaving it down in the mud, achieving great goals in economy and development. But with all those shining and glittering exteriors, a side of Ethiopia remained in the mud, not far from its rival; it neglected the humanness of its citizens and forgot about rights and freedoms, indulging itself in games of power and money while justice slumbered in the background.

The inevitable had to happen and it happened! Ethiopia has taken a new turn. And this time too, to Travaskis prophecy’s gratification, there was Eritrea somewhere, if not in the title heads, then in the details and footnotes.

Is it, then, an overstretching to say that :

It is as if everything was implied and included in that 1961 moment when the first shot in the war for the independence of Eritrea was fired.

Every major change and turn in Ethiopia since that moment, and most probably until now, was directly or indirectly influenced by that moment…is it not there, related to this also, a justification, after taking the necessary notes and considerations of culture, geography and historical contexts, to fall into the temptation of thinking along a rough parallelism, and conclude that the Eritrean Revolution has projected on Ethiopia, since September 1961, an influence similar, in few aspects, to what the French Revolution projected in Europe at the end of the 18th century and beginning of the next century?.

Most of the Ethiopian political and national movements (in the contemporary sense) appeared in a defined manner only after the eruption, maturity and advance of the Eritrean Revolution. TLF, TPLF, OLF, and others were raised to develop and grow in the school of, and under the patronization, of the Eritrean National Movement. Care should be taken at this point to understand that this is said without denying or minimizing, the existence of grievances against the Empire by the different concerned parties and the will to resist it; what the Eritrean National Movement provided was the precedence, the climate, the context, and the method.

New Old Empire

Now, the time has come, as it seems, for a new Ethiopia to emerge, one with a facelift, and under new management in which the Oromos are on the driving seat. The question asked by many Eritreans is: is this new regime going to opt out and wean Ethiopia off the elusive dream of “Eritrea under the yolk of Ethiopia”? Is the new regime going to evade the Travaski’s curse and dissociate itself from the old grand dreams of Empire which includes Eritrea?

Symbols and hints indicate otherwise!

Back to 2012, back to the time when the late Melles Zenawi was the voice of Ethiopia, and to the time when the AU, subsequent to its erection of Kwame Nkrumah’s statue outside AU’s headquarters in Addis Ababa, approached the prime minister, seeking his approbation and blessings for their proposal of erecting the late Emperor Haile Selassie’s statue outside AU’s headquarters in Addis Ababa. Zenawi’s say was an emphatic No to the proposal and stood in the way of Ethiopians who campaigned for the statue’s erection, and in the context of answering a question in the parliament named Haile Selassie a “feudal dictator” before characterizing the campaign as disrespectful.

Times have changed, February 2019 came and with it the unveiling of the Statue of HIM Haile Sellasie, blessed, as it seems, approbated and paid for by Ethiopia. This is how an Ethiopian website related it to readers:

The current administration of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is believed to have played a positive role for the erection of Emperor Haileselassie’s statue at the AU headquarters”.

This raised few eyebrows because it seemed odd that, at this time, when the Oromo star is rising, an Ethiopian government (Oromo controlled in all but name) would rush to the erection of a statue commemorating a symbol of tyranny and oppression not to the Oromos only, but to the peoples of Ogaden, Tigrai, Eritrea and others, and pay for it too.

An Ethiopian Somali offered an interpretation to this paradox by folding the entire situation in a humorous anecdote which goes, roughly, like this:

When an Oromo came back home after long years of absence in America for education and study, one of his friends asked him: “and Now what do you want to be?”

“Now, I want to be an Amhara” was his reply!

However, the anecdote may seem sour and politically incorrect, where it shouldn’t, for it is, in fact, a simple adoption of a well established sociological hypothesis: “the vanquished assimilates himself to the victor in the use and style of dress, mount, and weapons, indeed in everything.“ as “Ibn Khaldoun” A pioneer of sociology puts it in his “Moqaddimah”.

Were the Oromos, vs. the Haile Sellasie Amharas, not the underdog and the vanquished society as were many other communities, for many years, and until recent memory?

Symbols

Given the signs and the gestures emanating from the highest levels of the new Ethiopian ruling centers, there are Eritreans who find It difficult to escape believing that the Abiy–Megersa team is not busy resurrecting the long-dead Amhara Empire of Haile Sellasie with all its extensive old borders which allows it to stride on Eritrea and dangle its feet in the warm waters of the Red Sea, the difference this time is that the Oromo will be in control: HIM Haile Sellasie’s goodies in fresh package and new colorful shrink-wrap. This was the gist of the anecdote and this is, additionally, the abstract of the philosophy of Medemmer.

Considering the historical covetous eye of the successive Ethiopian regimes on the Eritrean Red Sea strip, and considering those regimes’ habit of quick resort to violence to achieve their ambitions, the news that landlocked Ethiopia is building a Navy anew, should be a source of great concern and worry to Eritreans and perceive it as an act of belligerence directed to them. One imagines an authentic responsible representation of the Eritrean Nation, would, by now have a complete assessment of the impacts and effects of the Ethiopian move on the Eritrean independence. It would tell its people if there were implications to the move, and if the case was so, what and how a reasonable reaction will be formulated. But, to the dismay of the Eritrean people, the current representation seems to be either in deep sleep or going in cahoots with the plan. As for Abiy-Megersa team, they appear to have no interest in breaking the Travaskis cycle of curse, and if they continue sticking to that they will, like their predecessors, in time, learn the hard way, when it is too late.

[i] P 227 Arabic Translation of: Eritrea, a colony in transition by K. Travaskis

About Burhan Ali

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  • bmi1

    Yes….Eritrea is producing more refugees than ever;

  • Mez

    Dear Buhran Ali,

    You presented a thought provoking article on the evolving peace making process between Eritrea and Ethiopia; albite its inherent considerable twists and turns.

    Interestingly, your discussion revolves around Sir Kennedy Trevaskis statement you quoted.

    However, 1) this british diplomat was doing in his best capability to serve the then British colonial agenda–that as a senior personel in our region.
    2) Back then GB had a big economic, political, and diplomatic interest in the region. Being the a global superpower of that era, it was shaping the political dynamics of our region to its best interest.
    3) My point is: the remarks of Sir Trevaskis have to be seen primarily from the above british interests perspectives–and not from the Eritrean one.

    4) On the other hand your whole flow of persuation would have been better consolidated if the immediate-past (of the 1950-ies) historical background dynamics (of the global and regional prevailing situation) had been well articulated and integrated; that part seems to be completely disconnected.
    5) the quasi 3 decades of Eritrean statehood was skipped all together in the discussion.

    6) Neglecting the major activities of PM aaa in acomplishing: a) the removal of the war like situation between the two nations, b) the very important “new reset” from deadly enmity to two friendly nations to exist side by side, your conclusion”….As for Abiy-Megersa team, they appear to have no interest in breaking the Travaskis cycle….” is at best a skewed conclusion–it neglects substantial contemporary activities taking place on the ground in the region and within the two nations.

    Thanks

  • Ismail AA

    Selam all,
    Can some one enlighten me(us) on the passing away of the gentleman, Maekele.?

    • iSem

      Hi Aya Ismail AA:
      I read that it was a street shooting, and the last thing I read was the police had not figured out if it was of a mistaken identity or targeted.
      In a related note, thee shooting is becoming an epidemic n our community, and at least in N. A as far as I can tell we have failed to establish a strong community connection that can address. this issues and mental illness that is is infesting our community.e
      In Toronto, an Eritrean asylum seeker stabbed a young Eritrean man, Robel in a street near habesha restaurants, a few years ago, and the news that some times I read out of Europe where Eritreans shoot each other is increasing is an indication that the societal engineering back home is having its toll.
      There are many issues the Eri community is dealing with in the Diaspora, even in Africa eg Eritrean passport holders are the most abused. So our fight is far more important than just removing PFDJ

      • Ismail AA

        Selam iSem,
        Thank you. It look sad and tragic. It it not what happening to our use inside the homeland, and their way across merciless sea and land conditions enough?

        • Nitricc

          Hey Ismail: may be this could serve as a lesson. The gentleman was mistaken identity. “He was wearing a hoode” I am certain if he wasn’t wearing that hoody; he will be alive today. The moral of the story is never wear a hoody in an area that are frequented by gangs. However; it is a good idea just to avoid wearing hoodey all together. Wearing hoody is read differently by gangs and you could be easily mistaken as this sad case.

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Nitricc,
            Appreciate the info. Thank you. It is indeed tragic – children robbed of a father. It is a dangerous situation. What do people do in extreme cold weather?

      • Consolation

        Hello Sem,

        You say ” even in Africa eg Eritrean passport holders are the most abused.”. Can you support this assertion with evidence. Where did you get if from? The long association with the Weyanes, whose mendacity knows no bounds, may have infected you. I challenge you to provide evidence for your assertion.

        You also admit that “we have failed to establish a strong community connection that can address. this issues”. Yet you think you have what it takes to take power in Eritrea.

        መሃንዲስ ተኾንካ: መምህር
        ሓኪም ተኾንካ: ፕሮፈሶር
        ኣብዘለኻዮ ብቕዓትካ ኣመስክር
        ሀለው ኣይትበል፥ ኣይተዕገርግር
        ብቅዓት የብልካን: ን ኤረይ ከተመሓድር

        • iSem

          Hi Consolation
          There is ample evidence, in what kind do you want it.
          An Eritrean with valid visa to USA or any other country will be abused by corrupt Sudanese official and forced to pay hundreds of USA dollars to board his plane. AN Eritrean arrested in the round dup has no government or consular services to help him because the PFDJ consulate is busy with its illegal business etc.
          As to Woyane, you can repeat it until the cows come home or until Woyane leave Badme, take your pick but it is you guys who associated with woyane. You want to evidence for that to?
          As to the contradiction you tried to articulate, there is none when I say we, it includes you unless you are not Eritrean. If I was to bet, or gamble like PFDJ gambled with Eri I would gamble that you are a woyane that has no roots in Eritrea and I would fare better the PFDJ loosing bet.
          You keep repeating like a parrot, that is an offence to the parrot, I should say like PFDJ goons who believe the water of Adi Halo will cure them woyane, woyane but you forget that Woyane are you musters and I agree with you the problem for Eritrea is Woyane starting with those that are in Asmara, some president, some minister of info some PFDJ money czar. So I agree and ask all Eritreans to join me to eradicate Woyane, let us send them to Mekele from Asmara like Ethiopia did from Addis
          And your poem is not art, it the usual, none sense.
          Eritrea would do better with a president and govenment made up from the remote village than the woyane in Asmara who are trying to destroy its past, future

          • Gerogee

            Hi isem

            In your haste and Obsession to make Eritrea look bad, you keep digging a hole you probably won’t be able to get out. You make no sense at all. The Sudanese abuse even their own people. Did you forget the genocide, committed by your hero, Al Bashir ? What do you think happens in the refugee camp in your favorite team land, Woyane. They steal Eritrean identity and send their own people. If you are a real Eritrean, and you care about your people oh, you would have said something about this long time ago. But we know that’s not your purpose here. Your purpose here is to advance tplf propaganda

  • Yohannes Zerai

    Dear Burhan Ali,

    Thank you for a well-written article that presents a unique perspective on the still-evolving political realities in Eritrea, Ethiopia and, by extension, perhaps in the Horn region.

    I can only hope and pray that incisive reviews and analyses like yours along with the concerns they raise and recommendations they make — seen not for their subjective values of being worthy of “acceptance” or “rejection”, but for their meritorious initiative of placing focus on issues of paramount importance — will persuade Ethiopian elites to take their own honest and critical retrospective look at their country’s recent history and the role it played in the region.

    In principle, such an objective national self-assessment would provide a basis for charting a new path for one’s own country — a path that rejects, and departs from, the antiquated notions of forcible acquisition of territory and the subjugation of peoples. In Ethiopia’s case, that path is hoped to be one that builds on the county’s long history, considerable prestige and enormous national assets (i.e., a large country with abundant natural resources, a huge and industrious population) to ensure prosperity for its people and to share peace and cooperation with its neighbors!

    Thank you.

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Yohannes,

      Take Burhan Ali’s lazer sharp analysis “for their meritorious initiative of placing focus on issues of paramount importance”. What an equally incisive review of an important piece of writing that said much in a small space. Give credit where it’s due goes a wise folk advice. But, look at the difference. A couple of days back, we saw how voices of one or two Ethiopian brothers who cannot hide relapses of failed jingoism and inured egos behaved, and tried to release ill-mannered frustration under this superb article authored by one of the sharpest living Eritrean minds. Hope worthy Ethiopians heed your advice and re-assess their country’s past in relation to its neighbors.

  • Blink

    Dear all
    Can someone stay here and continue to defend a known killer without the known awate forumers objection ? Not an impossible task for some weyane goons but for many it is simply a state of craziness. The Otto Adolf Eichmann of Ethiopia can be summarized simply by telling Getachow CV .
    TPLF have been the dictators of Ethiopia, and have been brutally putting down the rest of the tribes in the country through terrible violent and underhanded means the architect for this killing machine was Getachow Asfaha. Getachow main focus was to foster conflicts between different religious identity and ethnic identity. Any one who challenged Getachow has to die for a reason only small group of TPLF care to have the information. On August 22 2013
    Getachow reda game of planting bombs and then blame as the work of terror was just one example he was all along playing.Getachow murdered many innocent lives just to show how tough he is yet everything was a set up for the current ethnic friction Ethiopia is under going . The displacement of 3 million people in Ethiopia is the result of Getachow work.

    Getachow is responsible for building a prison system that rape women and in prison people with wild animals . Many Somali women openly narrated their horrible story of rape by TPLF security structure. Abdu illy openly said “ Getachow pointed his gun at his head unless he terrorize the Somalians and this was all a normal story in Oromo , Amhara and many part of Ethiopia .

    Getachow work can only be matched by Otto Adolf Eichmann .

    • iSem

      Blink:
      This comment is good step. but microscopic tiny
      So now build on it by saying: Yiakil PFDJ, an entity that erected Ela-Ero, a president that put in prison 20K political and religious citizens. A government that built more prisons than Dergi and HS combined Do that and you will be a free person.
      Your sad feeling about other people’s condition while tight lipped about Eritreans is disgusting and do not lecture people you falsely call TPLF goons, there is and there will be and there was only one TPLF goon in Eritrea and that is IA and his gangs, burn that in your mind by blinking your eyes to ease the pain that the truth will induce

      • Blink

        Dear isem
        When I commented on the comment your twin did I was expecting you will jump to comment in kind . You are a weyane goon unless how can you call Andebrhan a PFDJ while he openly calling for the removal of PFDJ ? You see Semere , just in this thread you said “Andebrhan and the other PFDJ members in Mderehk know it.” how on earth a weightless Semere Andom a dislodger for life can even ask people such Q ? You are the weyane goon I can bet .

        • iSem

          Blink:
          You are jumping up and down but not answering my question.
          First learn some history about Eri if you want to debate Eritreans like myself who know their history
          Like your twin, Nitricc you have no clue about what I write. And you have no clue about Andebrhan because your sources are PFDJ.
          Everything in this comment is a lie.
          PFDJ can go to rotten bin for different reasons, so stop that dumb remark, it is not black and white.
          You bring and mix different ideas. There is one certified TPLF goon sand they re PFDJ and its willful supporters and its apologists
          PFDJ will commit suicide but the fear it post PFDj we will be dealing with people like you who have no acquintances with truth and I tell you what, we have a big cage for you and it is not prison or killing and do not relax, it is worse.
          I I see a good comment I may tell u what it is, now go save this comment and learn about Eritrea and what makes it tick as a Ramadan treat to yourself

          • Blink

            Dear isem
            Learn Eritrean history ?? Waww you Semere can borrow a phrase to protect weyane but to ask me learn Eritrean history, come on . You have no clue how deep I know . What makes this matter your request ( history) utterly ludicrous is the audacious duplicity of your personality that trying to shove with two hands . I am a proud Eritrean who knows the land , people and who can speak more of its Languages as well as take you from Asmera to Qarura and dine you in my friends houses . You may be surprised but I do know Eritrea more than your teachers who know Eritrea by their tribal politics. I know my people’s pain from 1966 of Rora Bet Gebru to the current obstacle they face . You on the other side as a weyane protector know Eritrea from people like Yemane Kidane who is a loser for life , you and cowards that found comfort in the bosoms of TPLF’s monstrosity can’t really bother to know Eritreans history . cowards pump their chests every opportunity they get from their homes in the west as if they own the world. When in reality they are the yes men and women of their Tigrayan masters time passed shining at your face . TPLF cooked many faces and their livelihood depends on it. cowards can only do what their Tigrayan master’s order them to do and that is act as a show man for every drum beaten by.

          • iSem

            Blink:
            Who the hell is Yemane Kidane? I only know one YK and he is PFDJ, sort of
            Your lucky today Blink you found me when I jist talked with Ismaill AA, so I am still high in his politeness. So your foul mouth will go unpunished
            Ok, this is easy to Settle. We meet in person or on line and we bring a judge and who will quiz us about the history and everything Eritrean. I cannot claim to speak multiple Eri languages, but I can confidently speak 3 and the third is Arabic by the way.
            Your Eri history is only about crimes, sir/madam and that is tell-tell sign of..
            So you have no idea and am giving you this challenge, forget the Yiakil challenge for now
            And we bet money and the money goes to our favorite charity, awate, a site that gave your freedom of speech. What say you/

          • Blink

            Dear isem
            In person or on any other media , I don’t believe you deserve my presence in such topic . You have a behavioral issue like any other turncoats do . Three Eritrean languages , well enough ( better than the addis disco dancer) but I can tell your Tigrayit is rather rusty as hell and stop claiming to know that . I see you type some words with MS and good for him MS gave you the up scale sign for trying . Now remember Tigrinja as your mother language and Arabic as a refugee baby in Sudan is a given for you and it really means you are well enough above average of the Tigrinja speakers and I command you for that but Eritrean history is different than learning langue in refugee camps .

            What I know about you is not a good sign for you to stand in front of me on such topic( history of Eritrea) . Oh my fault Yemane Kidane is a weyane guy who was with EPLF . The guy was born in Asmara and he served in the weyane store of cheating money EFFORT as board of directors in around 1979 -89 . He was also I think Assistant to the foreign ministry of affairs.

            The reason I mentioned him as your history teacher is due to new revelation that this guy lies pumped many Eritrean internet activists with lies after lies about Eritrean revolution and especially about ELF and EPLF , so as isem one of the bashers about such issue , I find him suitable to be your Eritrean history teacher .
            Remember the guy you trying to upgrade is an old typists who can’t get out from his ethnic politics. Now , with my humble opinion and of course with out insulting your friend , you better hold to your guns because without them isem becomes a colorful TURNCOAT .

          • iSem

            Blink;
            I though so; You are coward and that is what spied do, they hide in the shadows. Forget my typing of Tigrayit, let us prove it. I make all types of typing mistakes in Tigriya and English too,but I also am confident I can beat you in English even with your pristine typing. I am confident of that. This is how will do it Your write a creative fiction or non fiction and we will find a professor, non Eri who is in English department to do the contest and proceeds go to awate.
            Now, do not lie, I was not refugee baby in Sudan, I came as under-age, stop making up stories and reading tea leaves. Also I did not study in Arabic school and I am sure I can beat you in Arabic history, its dark age poetry But I do not claim to master it like you claimed u do with many Eri languages
            Now, MS is smart guy, I know this because we have connection and his Tigrinya is far better that his Tigryait and in I know Tigrayit words that he does not know,I can confidently be toe toe with him and I think it will be even. I am not sure what you mean he correct me of spelling. Also stop bringing MS whenever you loose argument.
            So again, you are coward, I am reiterating my challenge.

          • Blink

            Dear isem
            Yes, English is not my favorite but it is not Eritrean Language either nor does it has any advantage to know Eritrea better than me ( I don’t need English to know Eritrean history because as I told you I know better than you can imagine . since awate preferable choice is English I am forced to muscle out with what I have and I have consistently told about this , I blame awate choice in this . You see it is easy for me to give you credit in English because that’s the truth I feel you got by singing Canadian Anthem while I was tackling Eritrean issues .

          • iSem

            Blink:
            I brought English to tell u that I make typing mistakes. And to say that your English is excellent but I am confident that I beat you. Got it
            About history of course you need history.
            Well singing Canadian anthem is better than singing the IA anthem, which is Nsu nihna, nihna nsu. from wht I can tell, you may have tackled PFDJ issue, nit Eritrean issue
            Forget English, let us do Tigrayit settle once for all who is Woyane goon and a PFDJ spy. Once our faces show, they will recognize us who visited Mekle and who was one criminal who asked asylum in the west. simple.

          • Blink

            Dear isem
            Remember, you claimed to know Eritrean history than me and Nitricc. You shouldn’t worry about Mekele as your defense is exposing your core argument.

    • Brhan

      Hi Blink
      When I read your above comment as if I am reading what have been happening in Eritrea.
      Have you ever heard a proverb : ናታ ገዲፋስ ናይ ሓማታ but if you are from south of the border disregard my proverb , you have right to express your woos…

      • Blink

        Dear Brhan
        I don’t think you know Eritrea except from the screen that feedback by a weyane play music . You just don’t get it , do you .

      • Consolation

        ኣይተ ብርሃን

        ሓቂ ተዛረብ፥ ኢዛ ምስላ ቅድሚ መዓኣልታት ኢኻ ኣብዚ ናይ ዓዋተ መድረኽ ኣንቢብካያ፥፥ ትርጉማ ግን ዝተረደኣካ ኣይመስለንን፥፥ ንታይ ከምዝበልካ ክነግረካ፥ ወያነ ገታቸው ኣሰፋ ገበነኛ ኢዩ፥፥ ግን ንስኹም ውን ገበነኛታት ኣለውኹም ኢኻ ትብል ዘለኻ::

        “ወዮ ናታ ንሓማታ” ዝብለ ምስላ ኸ ሰሚዕካ ትፈልጥ ‘ዶ?

    • Consolation

      Selamat Blink

      The tussle between the TPLF and the Ethiopian Federal government over the Weyane goon Getachew Asseffa is assuming a remarkably decisive character in the politics of Ethiopia. The man, indicted for a wide range of human rights abuses, murder, torture and other inhuman crimes, when he was head of Security, has become another Badme for the Weyanes. It is an issue that will bury the Weyane once and for all. I suppose it is their insatiable inferiority complex that d rives Tigrayans to such excruciating dilemmas. How they got themselves into such air-tight corner is a puzzle. They cannot hand over Geocache Assefa, because if they do, their days are numbered as the people of Tigray will never forgive them. And if they don’t, well Abiy can use any of the number of heavy tools he has to bring Tigray to its Knee. Tigrayans cannot expect to defy the Federal government with impunity.

      I’m just lovin’ it. If Bereket HabeteSillaies dream is to see Eritrea return to its old mother Ethiopia, my one wish is to see t he TPLF buried deep under. And God is being very kind to me. Poor Bereket, the almighty has forgotten him.

      • Blink

        Dear consolation
        You may not know this , Professor Bereket served the king well and after that he tried to play the left hand on Eritreans aspiration to own their own country and when that got smashed he waited to weyane to say “ ናተይ ድልየት ብሂወት ከለኹ ኤርትራ ምስ እትዮፕያ ሓቢራ ክርእይ እዩ” here in the awate from known guys gave this idiot professor a green pass . He has a tremendous admiration from esteemed awate guys , can’t imagine a guy with such dream to get such green light for such treasonous wishes . Any way long history short , the guy is a criminal just as the past idiots of the so called ሓበሻ የሕዋት ኢና በሃልቲ . My best wish is to see a dominant Eritrean nationalist with enough political capital to spend in a democratic society who can belittle such idiots from every corner of our past 28 years history.

        Again, I think I better retreat before some apologists of the Habesha jump on me . My main focus is to pop up the importance of being Eritrean is a proud one that passed the test of our time . for Eritreans in particular the diaspora community in general to come to grips with the fact that the Eritrean victims did not suffer and perish in vain. Their sacrifices were made for a noble cause, the outcome of which all Eritreans will relish for generations to come. As survivors of this painful aspect of our history, we shoulder the responsibility of taking stock of their horrible experiences and integrate the new historical awareness into our individual and collective national identity. Just as important is also the task of educating our youth about this important facet of our history before the weyane goons as well as unionists get any standing space. For me the game is bigger than a one time dictator.

        • Teodros Alem

          selam blink
          The likes of professor bereket , tesfia g/ab, the sophia, the selam kidane, the pastry shop owner guys and so on, will never be good for eritrea, go read their biography, if they become enemy for ethiopia( not the gov), there is no way they can be good for anybody, that is human nature, if they make ethiopian people (those who grow up with them) thier enemy, there is no way they can be good for other people ( the people they know by fairytale). I know u don’t believe in religion but it is written in the bible.
          these kind of people r coward naturally, don’t trust them all.

    • mokie berhe

      Salam Blink. TPLF sympathizers for 20 years and running, (in a state of denial perpetrated by intense guilt) simply find it impossible to utter any form of criticism towards the TPLF and instead – on auto responder mode- simply lash out at Eritrean patriots, accusing them of engaging in frivolous TPLF/Woyane criticism, whilst they themselves absolutely refuse to do so, even on a single occasion. Moreover, they are more than willing to sit back in complete silence, while a poster incredulously not only defends Getachew Assefa but wishes to heroize him.

  • Paulos

    Selam My Good People,

    “Indicting An Apparition.”

    The first time I heard about Getachew Assefa was in a sort of “Pulp Fiction”—a poor quality newspaper flashing the name “Getachew Assefa” in a larger print in a bid to lure the reader where the passer-by in the streets of Addis is tempted to pick up a copy. The gist was, however, a typical juicy gossip about a falling out between the Spy-Master and the then First Lady where Meles had to choose between as the gossip reporter put it—a difficult* but principled person and an arrogant and erratic wife. Never heard of him since then till recent months when he was made an urban legend by pundits, detractors and sworn enemies who want his head on a plate.

    Verbal Kint is a cripple. The detective brings him to his office and asks him series of questions the whereabouts of a Turkish mafia boss named Keyser Soze. At the end of the pestering interrogation, Kint says, “….My guess is that, you will never hear from him again. The greatest trick the devil ever pulled was convincing the world he did not exist.” That is a line from the one of the greatest thriller movies ever made, “The Usual Suspects.”

    Getachew Assefa reminds me a lot the character “Keyser Soze” when no one was sure if he actually existed but struck fear in everybody including the powers in the higher up. But of course, Getachew Assefa is not an apparition. He is indicted for alleged crimes committed when he was the Head of Security and Intelligence.

    “If a crime is committed for the preservation of a country, it is a glorious crime”, Machiavelli once wrote. The validity of the dictum rests however, if the means justifies the end. The objective question one needs to ask is then, was the nation safe under Getachew’s watch? One can cry “Darkness” but the reality attests otherwise where in a highly volatile region the nation to the very least attracted investors for they well knew that, it was safe to do business. Strong security and economic development complement each other and hence “Developmental State.”

    And that was precisely the reason that, Getachew Assefa’s alleged crimes can not be seen in isolation for there is no half pregnancy so to speak. But if the allegations are politically motivated as seems to be the case, the Tigreans see it as an indictment against the Kilil of Tigrai itself and that is not a smart move by the people at the center—in Addis.

    Perhaps, Abiy could be under pressure for he might have promised the people who brought him to power including external powers “Getachew in Handcuffs” but again it is not only a stupid move but the ramifications could be serious and could draw the nation into a mayhem. Abiy needs to find a political solution by letting him off the hook and it could also help him mend bridges with Tigrai.

    *Not the exact words.

    • iSem

      Hi Paul:
      What is wrong with you? You are brimming with insights, weaving history, movies, quoting Mahiavelli and then distilling it to GA. Cogently. This is a delight!
      Now I think finding a political solution for a crime is a .If due process is there, if jury of his peers are there, if evidence is presented, if rule of law is followed then no need for P.solution to a crime. Bad idea. If Abiye is serious about the transformation promised,if in deed has power he has to bring GA to justice and do the above, If the provincial power can hinder the feds then something else is going on. And TPLF’s demise may have been exaggerated by Mahmuday (MS this is semi joke, aley atelaq;-))
      If Abiye wants GA’s head on a plate, he need a ballerina step daughter that will woo Debretsion so much so that he would ask her, darling what do you want me to do for you? and she would reply: GA’s head on ጻሕሊ

      • Paulos

        Semerile,

        The analogy could not have been more apt. When Salome asked Herod for John The Baptist’s head, he regretted it for he actually liked John The Baptist but promise was a promise. The question is, does Debretsion have a step-daughter with impressive moves as in ኩዳ ዓረዛ.

        • Ismail AA

          Selam Dr. Paulos and Ustaz iSem,

          Outstanding defence attorney-and-case analysis jurist conversation in aside hp
          parlor of a court. Yes, legal cases should be litigated only when they get sanitized from any contaminants such as politics. Otherwise courtroom will turn to circus halls where vendettas will be exercised a judge presiding on dubious theartics between attorneys and prosecutors.

          • Paulos

            Selam Kbur Haw Ismail AA,

            Let me put it in a context that you know so well:

            Enter Hannah Arendt: As you know, when she wrote “Banality of Evil” in the early 60s, it was a collection of articles that she had been reporting for the “New Yorker” magazine on the trial of Eichmann. When she later on compiled all the articles in a book form under the said title on the above, the book got a cold reception in Israel and was banned altogether till the late 90s when it was not only translated to Hebrew but started to get attention and due respect with in the academic circles and recently in the general population as well.

            One of the reasons the book got banned was that, Arendt thought the trial was a show-trial designed to show-case Zionist ideology by the prosecutors instead of bringing to light the essence of evil with in the larger context of historical tragedies perpetrated by evil men. More over, her training in Philosophy helped her to see the nature of evil with in philosophical threads outside the scope of political ideologies.

            The reason I brought that up is not of course to draw a parallel between Eichmann and Getachew Assefa but the need to debate about the latter’s role in Ethiopia’s recent history devoid of emotions and parochial political affinities.

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Dr. Paulos,

            Yes, the ” crisis ” this forum has to live with is when the field of debating has to be level for every one where intellectaully equipped had to lock horns with ill-equipped propagandists earnestically impaired of prober manners of civil debate. Thank you for the useful context information from incredibly rich store common knowledge.

          • iSem

            Hi Aya Ismail AA
            This time is an emotional for us and you are correct some times we lose our temper, though temped and pushed. I found my solace and example in your comment from a few says ago when you refused to go as low as the person ስሜቱ ኢትሰመ was trying to to do during Ramadan and went out of your way to show humility and generosity of words just like the holy month. It is an honor to endeavor emulate you, albeit rarely. I a have memories of your generation and your comrades and my hold no bars approach to PFDj and its apologist and supporters, all supporters, open or close emanates from their vulgarity towards the group I am fond of and not personal.
            Thanks to my friend Paulo for introducing and reminding me to use the endearing wrods, “Aya”. I will be using it to the deseving men here, Ismail AA, SGJ and Emma (I call him as Memhir as I learned that he was almost going to teach me chemistry and I was taught Math and chemistry by his classmates)

          • Ismail AA

            Selam iSem,

            Thanks dear. We come here to learn and share. It is source of pride to have such humble and bold younger Eritreans as you. As long as we have them, no one among my generation with ever lament his sweat and career had been lost in vain. The nation and the land our founding fathers had bequeathed to us cost us direly and still doing so. But, those of us living with serenity in the last quarter of life are privileged to stay with optimism the country will be salvaged thanks to the younger and aware generation, and it shall rise up from stagnation and menacing disintegration under a despot and his PFDJ, and pass to the next generations as sovereign, united and prosperous nation govern by fair democratic institutions erected and nurtured through consensus of its free citizens.

          • Saleh Johar

            Ismail,
            I is mind boggling for propagandists o complain and attempt to break the TsaHli from which they ate. Still, they want to shamelessly transform this forum into some sort of Haddas Ertra extension. The forum has no problem with that because they can keep repeating their hyperbole, parrot Weyane time and again (because they do not have substance to debate about), and air their frustration in a free medium whose equivalent the regime they worship (at least they identify with) cannot provide them let alone accommodate those who oppose it. It’s amazing how they do not change, neither style nor substance, except wrapping themselves in cheap ultra-nationalist garb and harass people day in and day out as if they have a title to Eritrea. They do not recognize the basic right of citizens to say whatever they feel in a civilized manner.

            It amazes me to watch them latch at their own friendenemy Weyane shamelessly. They conveniently forget they brought the Weyane into Eritrean politics. And switching is not a problem for them. I bet you if the capo made up with the Weyane tomorrow, you will see them elevating it to the status of a godly entity. As the Turks would say, Adeb yok, principle yok. Bado content. But they are our compatriots and we have to teach show them how to coexist and interact with civility.

            The goal of this forum is to encourage a civil discourse. I wish those who come here to peddle anti-freedom ideas, promote universally rejected values, propagandize for the cruel regime, should at least tone down their combative attitude.

          • Paulos

            Selam Ayay,

            Are you familiar with the “Speluncean Exploreres”?

          • Saleh Johar

            Haha Paulos,
            Thinking of myself being in that situation with the you-know-who sends shivers down my spine. They wouldn’t wait a day let alone days.

          • Haile S.

            Saleh,
            You are so funny! Based on your humor, you should taste delicious 🙂 :-). You certainly have heard or seen the movie and/or documentary of a real tragedy that happened (not the judiciary part) in the Andes mountains following a plane crash. It is known as the Andes flight disaster. The survivors had to survive eating those dead due to the crash.

          • Paulos

            Selam Hailat,

            The reason I brought that up was to highlight the art and essence of debate where as you know the hypothetical legal scenario [Fictional Speluncean Explorers] was created by a legal scholar in the late 40s from Harvard and it was published in the prestigious journal “Harvard Law Review” and students and scholars alike debate about the scenario to this day with no legal solution to it. The debate with a sense of civility in it is fascinating to say the least.

          • Saleh Johar

            HaileS,
            I hope no one I know has that fantasy 🙂

            Yes I remember the movie, it is called “Alive”. And the survivors didn’t need a freezer to preserve, well, the food. But if that happens, you know the ones I do not wish to be around my body–better to be left to the wild animals than to those who are already eating up Eritreans alive.

    • Haile S.

      Selam Paul,

      You are a good alchemist. You know the perfect cure for debatepenia :-).

      • Paulos

        Selam Hailat,

        Debatepenia? As in መጎተ-ሕጽረት? That is ingenious!

        • Haile S.

          Paul,
          Perfect translation. We can also say ክርፍስ-ሕጽረት 🙂 🙂

          • Paulos

            ሃይላት,

            እቲ ዘሕዝነካ ግን ጥዕና ዘለዎ መጎት ክትገብር ኣይካኣልን እዩ፣ ድሮ’ኳ ትሪኦም ኣለኻ ናብ ምጽራፍ ኣትዮም።

          • iSem

            Hi Hailat and Paulo:
            very good, expect you are reversing the Tigriyna whichever you go for, it should be:ሕጽረት-ምጎት or ሕጽረተ-ክርፍስ

          • Haile S.

            Selam Semere,
            Absolutely right. BTW, thank you for letting us know the other day about Semere TH’s interview. What a brilliant guy. How does he memorize so many tigrigna proverbs? Amazing amazing!

          • iSem

            Hi Haile:
            He left highlands before he was 8 and studied in Sudan. He has deep interest in Tig and Islam. His interview was laden with provers:
            I counted 10 and a few metaphors like ከም ሊሐ፡ ስሪዕ ከም ስኒ አድጊ and the bayto prayer before starting debating and then a story from prophet Mohammed’s death and one Arabic proverb.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hailat & Dr Paulos,

            I have a little difference in the uptake of the word “ Debatepenia”. I think that we always interchange the words “ ሞጎት ” “ክትዕ” “ክርክር“ and “ for debate and argument. So Hailat, since “ክርፍስ” has a negative connotation of fighting, I would think “ክርክር ሕጽረት” might be closer meaning to “Debatepenia”. However, we have to settle to the three tigrigna words that surely looks synonyms to each other. And they are.

            Regards

          • Haile S.

            Selam Emma,
            I agree with you. ኣብዚኣስ ኣይማጎተካን። ኣይከራፈሰካን እንተ ኢለ ድሮ ንምጥምጣም ተዳሊና ኣለና ማለት’ዩ። እንዳፈለጥኩዎ ንነገር ኢለ እየ ብኸምኡ ተርጒመዮ 🙂 🙂 ።

  • Brhan

    Salamat Ustaz Burah Ali,

    As usual I enjoyed your article but I have different view with the an important part of the content.

    What it indicates is the evil intentions of the two Ethiopia regimes the king and the Derg towards Eritrea and later when the Badme war started the EPRDF regime instead of ending it where it started, it took it to another level: hate, deportation and destroying of properties beyond Badme.

    In all three I can see, the curse. But I am I afraid to say it with regard to the current Ethiopian government. Now it seems the opposite. Not because Abiy is a good man or as he is called T’ru sew.

    But because it is Ethiopia who needs now Eritrea and other horn African countries and of course the West, for its survival as Ethiopia. Ethiopia is on the verge of collapse unless it gets help from outside because the inside looks ugly. Does Isayas wants to see that? No? Is this because his origin from Tigray? No. It is because of his interest. I can agree that the Abiy regime is depending on the Oromo and Amhara to implement its plan. But the two are also at odds at the same time. See the Oromo/Amhara ethnic clashes, and their elites’ discourse which is full of hate and see the issue of Addis Ababa or Finfne as the Oromos would like to call it. There are Oromo who want to separate from Ethiopia (by the way there has never been a map for the Oromo history until mid 90s of the last century when the it was created by the EPRDF).

    I was listening to BBC Question Time about Ethiopia ( readers can google it as due to awate.com policy I can’t put the link) and when I finished the program, the nutshell that I have was Ethiopia and Ethiopians are very worried about one thing: It is not about Eritrea , or having access to the sea. It is not about their economy. It is not even about democracy. It is about stability. There are 3 million IDPs (internally displaced persons) in Ethiopia now and this due to violence based on ethnicity.

    Another issue is that remember what Lencho Letta said: No Oromo man will die again for Eritrea in Eritrea. This is was after the independence and it indicates that the Oromos took the lion’s share of Ethiopia’s catastrophe in Eritrea. We Eritreans called the Ethiopia soldiers Amhara. We were wrong.

    The sad thing is afqari Democracy Abiy is seeking help from tyrant Isays. I wish if he knew the Arabic proverb that says Faqidu Al Shay La Ya’tti: the one who has none doesn’t give.

  • iSem

    Hi Uncle Burhan Ali: Welcome back and thank you
    This piece is a gem and is also deceiving. Gems for obvious reason, deceiving because it looks as if it is about the sad story of Ethiopia and Eritrea, but it encapsulated in this piece is a story of many African nations. Abiye team may learn the hard way as you put it bu this time the lessons will not come from Eritrea because as we know it the Eritrea that taught Ethiopia the hard lesson, a lesson that it had not learned deeply, just crammed to pass the exam, that Eritrea, its gilded age, its storied past is of the past. Made so by IA and gang
    Monument for a tyrant, monument for some one who does not belong, አዲኣ ገዲፋስ ሓትን ኣ ትናፍቅ. The former is an an insult to the multitudes whose lives were shattered by HS, the Bushkin monument an insult to the heroes who made Eritrea and thought Ethiopia the lessons it refused to heed.

  • Paulos

    Selam My Good People,

    All social media are blocked in Eritrea. I guess the regime is geared onto a paranoid mode as May 24 is fast approaching. In “The Matrix”, the line goes, “You see Mr. Anderson, that is the sound of inevitability.” And the ትግርንያ version of that goes: ዘይተርፈካ ጋሻ ኣጥቢቕካ ሳዓሞ!

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Dr. Paulos,

      In this way, you are making some very angry and worried. To some, the notion of “inevitability” was erased from their minds on the day the despot made it to the peak of power. No surprise here about the news you have shared. Despots living through last phase of their rule resort to such measures. They begin the heydays of their power with ubiquitous appearances in public places with camouflaged body guards taking positions in convenient shelters, while during waning hours of their power, they hide in remote places. In early 90s, we heard Isayas often showed up in public places like bars casually, but these days we hear that with detailed protection in Adi Hallo.

      • mokie berhe

        Salam Ismail AA. Many feel that the social media blackout, as was the case with earlier border closures, are government measures to avert any possible scaled protests as Independence Day celebrations approach. To me this is actually a good sign, as it signals the level of perceived discontent inside Eritrea these days, coupled with a belief that people are now really ready to take the action to the streets, to pressure for government reform and accountability. Days of PIA/PFDJ inaction are quickly drawing to a close and change is inescapable. Unless PIA/PFDJ soon takes substantive and tangible actions (i.e. substantial prisoner release), the dam will soon burst.

        • Ismail AA

          Selam mokie berhe,

          Indeed, you’re right it could be symbolic signals. I think he should see the approsching train as the keen-minded Dr. Paulos has written. But, it is quite rare despots do that unless Isayas would be an exception to a pattern. Most of them end up perishing under the foot of the masses they subjugate. Al Bahier was lucky; his generals saved him when he waited and waited until the train arrived and thrush him on the rails. The surrogates in Eritrea should be worrying to the spine marrows.

          They thought Abij’s overtures had saved their hero; the winds seem to have taken them by surprise and started to blow ominously against the despot. They forgot, as their supremo did, that there is a nation called Eritrea that has already drawn red lines. But the despot is living in yesterday when whatever he said and done were accepted at face value levels, and not realized yet that it is already today when people are watching his steps especially in the direction of the red lines. A navy of a neighbouring nation in waters of a sovereign nation tells too much to the people.

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Ismael, Mokie and Paulos,

            I am afraid that I don’t share the notion that the dictator is done. I think the destruction that is created by the London conference is probably giving him time to breath and regroup. The situation we currently are reminds summer 2001. IA was under pressure from G13, G15, Asmarino, Awate, the University of Asmara students, the diaspora (over 2000 signed open petitions), the demonstrations, the private press, the interviews, the EU, US, AI, CPF, HRW and others pressure they were putting on the regime.

            He took the most extreme measure by jailing the G-15 and journalists, and shutting down the news paper, expelling the EU / Italy Ambassador and expelling all major foreign journalists, conducting mass arrests.

            I think the public let it’s guard down and when the opportune time came, he acted and acted decisively. That’s unfortunately, IA strength, he doesn’t hestitate.

            Now with all the yiAkl movement was gaining momentum, I think we got distracted and all the sudden he is activing decisivly again.

            1) He shut down all the boarders.
            2) He shutdown the internet

            Soon who knows, he may be able to shut down the satellite services of TV Assenna..how hard is to go to each house and remove the dishes?

            A couple of days ago, in response to the Aba Antonios video, the senode (government controlled) issued a long video with threats and sever action. In a sense they have declared a way within the Orthodox church and I anticipate, huge crisis worst than the currently is.

            So I think, unless those who oppose the regime go to full fledged organized fight, we will be scattered and eventually will lose.

            Berhe

          • Haben

            Dear Berhe Y.
            very good observation. While we are debating here who attended and funded a conference, the depot is doing his homework: cutting off any connection to the home land. You expect by now all these political elites learn a lesson, but still they are regurgitating themes that have been proved to be fatal to their strategy. It is time to focus on the evil, even if removing the evil requires to work with the devil we have to do it. There will be ample time to focus on the future.

            Thank You

          • Ismail AA

            Selam berhe Y,

            Your advice for caution is of course well placed given the nature of the despot. What we are dealing is limited to signs and symbols on the horizon without losing sight of main picture. We know, the opposition has not gathered at the launching lane from where it can mount an effective assault on the regime. That threshold readiness will happen when the currently dispersed vital forces of change find anchor under credible leadership guided by an inclusive and integrated to-do national action programme.

            But, at the time I would hesitate to juxtapose the time and condition in which undertook the repressive measures you have mentioned with the current circmstances. At that time, the nation lived through border war trauma reinforced by sugar-coated propaganda that was geared to exploit the unsuspecting patriotism of our people. Time has changed and now Eritrean patriotism has reversed direction and watching the despot and his regime as threat to what stood in guard in 2001.

          • iSem

            Hi BY:
            Good connection to history
            I think the border was vulnerability for him security wise and the chaos in Sudan is also good for him as tyhe border is also closed. He may do one round of house cleansing. There are always people willing to do his bidding if even if they know that one day they will be recycled. You see what happens to S.Ephrem/ teh positions of killing squad aka “afang” and nay ezni always find qualified people.
            as you said if the pressure was relentless in 2001 we would be in a different position, counting only on one outcome like the people rising cannot can it liked it did not in 2001 and mind you then it was much easier for public uprising as there were actually youth in Asmara and the showdown with AofU students was a wake up call for him. Now is much harder and the peace with South is also a life line

          • Nitricc

            Hi Berhe; you are typical toothless Hoposition; i didn’t say opposition and all i am saying is Hope position = Eritrean wanna be opposition. All you poeple strategy is Hope and hope never equated to strategy. Now one with right thinking mind said PIA is done; no one except people like you Hopeposition. What we told you is PIA will introduce the road map of the nation politically. He will lay down what next to come. And every change that will happen it will be at his will, yes at his will and there is nothing you can do. Now the border was shut because your casuins from the north trying to stir Ethiopian like mess by crossing the border and distributing toothless Yiakil slogans and other illegal activities and the internet the same way your digital weyane; Asena and the weyane dollars are all out to change Eritrea in to Ethiopia’s mess. Whenever May 24 is upon us, weyane will try anything. Do you remember in the last war? the goal was to reach Asmara on May 24. Again the man you love to hate is two steps ahead of the weyane. So, till then stick to Assena propaganda and to the digital weyane’s fake news.

          • Millennium

            hi Nitric:

            The news about the internet being down in Eritrea is not true; there are already proving that false by twitting from Asmara

            Millennium

      • Paulos

        Selam Kbur Haw Ismail AA,

        That is exactly what happens when people confuse the headlight of the fast approaching train, with a light at the end of the tunnel where Muhamuday’s hypoglycemia induced “hallucination” as in his recent comment comes to mind [Muhamuday, I love you ma bro.]

        In this day and age, to deny the younger generation of social media is tantamount to cutting them off a life line for their world revolves around it. And it is a tragedy, a 21st Century Eritrea is under a backward and barbaric leader who gets gratification of people’s misery. Wouldn’t it be easier to listen and heed their demands instead of insulating them as if they were hermits and Eritrea a leper colony?

        • iSem

          Hi Paulo;
          But this is not news, so to do not be shocked. What IA figured out early was the power of information.Now is social media, before it was written materials, then it was radio, then TV and now Internet. Internet was not introduced to Eritrea until may 2000 and even then it was so slow for the general public.
          Information starved society will be misinformed and therefore misled or in our case hung to a false hope. So many are clinging to the hope that IA will say some magical words from his golden mouth.He will say the usual and obvious: rain fall was good or bad this year. It does not mean we have not we have no implemented wrong policies. He will introduced a new weird word or phrase and his supporters will chew on it and the rest will shake our heads.

          And I predict: IA on May 24, 2019 after 28 years at the helm, after 18 years since the arrest of the G-15, after a one year of peace with Ethiopia WILL not chart a new road for the future of Eritrea.
          I was going to give you one Tigriyan proverb befitting this but Semere Habtemariam is not picking his phone:–)

          • Paulos

            Semerile,

            Remember what he said to Dan Connell in the early 80s? He said, “The more I get challenged, the more I get stubborn.” Come May 24, he may officially introduce us to his son Abraham and the ከበሮ ጃንኪ will go ወጋሕ ትበል ለይቲ with መጺኻለይ’ዶ፣ መጺኻለይ’ዶ ክጽበየካ!

          • iSem

            Paul:
            This did it for me “ከበሮ ጃንኪ will go ወጋሕ ትበል ለይቲ with መጺኻለይ’ዶ፣ መጺኻለይ’ዶ ክጽበየካ!” And now I am imagining Mahmuday leading that chirography. dim, digdim, dim digdim. Welykka ewwur..
            🙂

          • Haile S.

            Selam Paul, iSem and all,

            ን 24 May ዝክር ርሑስ ጋማ
            ዓንተቦይ ትኽስ ኢለ ሓንጎለይ ሓሊማ
            ደርፍታት ተለዊጠን፡ እዝኒ ሰብ ዘጽመማ

            መጺኻለይ’ዶ ደርፊ ተለዊጣ
            ወጺኻለይ’ዶ ኮይኑ፡ ዘበን ተገልቢጣ

            ወጋሕ ትበል ለይቲ ተሪፋ ከምዘላታ
            SGJ ከውግሓ ስለዝደለየ ንመጀመርታ

            ሰመረ ዓዲ ኣትዩ ምስ ቡልዶዘሩ
            ሓወልቲ ፑሽኪን ክኣሊ ክፍንቅል ካብ ሱሩ

            እስማዒል በጥ ክብል ክስዕም ኣስመራ ኣርያፖርቶ
            ንኤማ እመነኒ ዓዲ-ነጻ ወጫ እያ እናበለ እናጎተቶ

            በሉ ኣነ ጀሚረልኩም፡ ነናትኩም ወስኹ
            ኣይትሰከፉ ጽቡቕ ተተምነዩ ብርዕኹም ኣብልሑ

    • Haile S.

      Selam Paul,

      Did Eritrea had a social media that could be blocked? ነታ ዝ(ዘይ)ነበረት ብሮዒ ስገም እንተዀይኑ እምበረይ. ዝኾነ ኮይኑ፡ ካብኦም ንዘይሓልፍ ጋሻ ኣጥቢቖም እንተዝስዕሙ ጽቡቕ ነይሩ። ናይ ኣምባሳደርና ጥዊት (tweet) ከ ክዕጾ ማለት ድዩ? 🙂 🙂 🙂

      • Paulos

        Hailat,

        That’s funny. The Ambassador tweets from the Meiji Dynasty.

        • Haile S.

          Paul,

          እንታይ ፈሊጠ ኢልካኒ። ኣነስ ኩሉ ብጽፍርናን ብዓርስናን ስለዝኾነ፡ ካብ ጃፓን ብኤርትራ ጃሊፉ ዝትወት መሰለኒ እምበር!

          • Paulos

            Hailat,

            Sake እነዳ ጨረመ እዩ ጥዊት ዝገብር መስለኒ: መብዛሕቱ ጊዜ ዓጀውጀው እዩ ዝብል።

    • Alex

      Hi Paulos,
      If social media are blocked in Eritrea how was I able to receive a call and message through whatsapp yesterday. Time will tell if what is reported by BBC is true because I have seen few people twitting from Eritrea today.

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Selam Alex
        It is easy to verify things like “media blackout” in Eritrea; just contact your friends inside the country. There is no blackout as of yet, but countries manage social media for security reasons. Is the Eritrean government going to shut social media during the celebration days? That is to be seen but as of this moment, there is no ” social media blackout” in Eritrea. The blackout may exist in the minds of people whose mind is tuned to hearing bad news from Eritrea.

        • Paulos

          ሙሓሙዳይ,

          This is how Radio-Erena put it: “ኤርትራ: ንውሱናት ሓለፍትን ካድራትን ተዘይኮይኑ: ኣገልግሎታት ኢንተርነት ደው ኢሉ.”

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Selam Paulosay and BerheY
            ንISem ጥራይ ኣይትንገሩ እምበር ክሉ ደሓን እዩ ዘሎ። መንግስትና ይከታተለኩም ኣሎ፡ ገጂፍ ዘሪባ ከኣ ኣዳልዩልክም ኣሎ።
            ናይ ኢንተርነት ነገር፡ ነዊሕ መገሻ ጸኒሕኑ ሕጂ ሆተለይ በጺሐ ኣለኹ፡ ካብ ትማሊ ምሸት pacific time ኣይተኸታተልኩን፡ ሽዑ ዝረኸብክዎ ግን ጨው በረበረ ገይረ ኣካፊለክም እየ… ንበይነይ ምብላዕ ዘይፈቱ…media blackout ዝበሃል ኣይነበረን፡ ከምቲ iSem ዝብሎ፡ ምስ ሓፋሽ እየ ዝራኸብን ዝዛመድን። ናይ “ተቓውሞ” መናፍሕ ካብ ዝገድፍ ነዊሕ ገይረ እየ። ጽቡቕ ከኣ ይስመዓኒ ኣሎ፡ ፈትንዎ። HaileS ምስክረይ እዩ።
            Paulosay the sarcastic remark was not directed to you but to the sources you picked up on.

        • Berhe Y

          Hi Mahmoud,

          Eritrea has very limited Internet access. It takes very little effort to shutdown internet or selected services or selected users to have acess.

          Just because Charlie is tweeting doesn’t necessary mean everyone can if the government decides to limit access.

          The argument call someone and verify does not really hold water, because it could mean a lot of things, in the context of Eritrean internet access.

          Berhe

          • Desbele

            Selam Berhe,
            Eritrea’s internet penetration rate is 1.3% the lowest in Africa. Next low from the African continent is Niger with 4.1. (Source : InternetworldStats).
            Cheer up MS and Alex, እቲ ጎብየ ይስጉም ኣሎ

          • Paulos

            Selam Desbele,

            Hundred years ago, it was the J.P Morgans, Vanderbilts, Carnegies, Rockefellers as in finances, railroads-steel and oil. And now it is G.A.F.A as in Google, Amazon, Facebook and Apple.

            When the former was confined to bricks and mortars, the latter is in a virtual world where the power of information is at the tip of anyone’s finger. But imagine if one’s fingers are amputated? And that is exactly what the cruel man is doing to 5 million Eritreans and sparing only 70, 000 to have their fingers intact. If this is not a tragedy in the 21st Century, not sure what is!

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Paulos,

            Yesterday I was watching this amazing interview of Iddris Sandu, Ghanaian decent technology wizz, 22 years old, who partnered with Nipsey Hussle (what a huge loss for Eritrea) to create the smartstore “The Marathon Clothing”. He worked at Google, Snapchat, Instagram and Uber designing some of the advanced technogy.

            He is on a mission to bring technology to Africa and to make Ghana the technology hub of Africa. Google has already opened AI center there and the sky is the limit.

            Eritrea with its proximity to Europe and the Middle East should have been the gateway of Internet for the continent.

            If I am not mistaken Tewolde Stefanous, who authored the recent article here at AT, was one of the early company who setup internet services (TFanius enterprises) in Eritrea, probably 20 years ago.

            When the Canadian mining companies doing exploration in Eritrea and wanted faster bandwidth, the government refused unless it has total control of the data that comes and leaves. Out of their pocket they installed global satellites for internet and its limited for their use only and I think with the government control.

            It’s normal for a country to have controlled access to internet for security and national interest but in Eritrea case is total darkness, even for knowledge and education because, as far as IA goes, an informed citizen is a threat to his autocratic rule.

            That’s why I think, unlike other dictators who are obsessed with power and corruption, but at the same time they wanted growth and knowledge to their citizens and allow such access (Sudan, Ethiopia, Egypt) as an example, which they know it can be used against them and because the source against their power.

            Berhe

          • Desbele

            Selam Berhe
            ጉድ ናይዚ ነውራም ስርዓት ዘርዚርካ ኣይውዳእን እዩ
            ፎርጅድ ይስርሓሉ እዩ ተባሂሉ scanner ከማን ምእታው ኩልኩል እዩ ነይሩ.
            ሓይለይ ኣብ ድንቁርና እዩ ኢሉ ዝኣምን ስርዓት እዩ
            Remember George Orwell in 1984 ” Ignorance is Strength!”

          • Saleh Johar

            Hi Berhe,
            Most of the embassies and NGOs (and a few PFDJ bosses) have their own satellite connection and do not need the local public service provider to connect to the Internet. But there are about two dozen of them. The rest have to deal with the slow connection measured in kilobytes. Remember the ancient aol connection!

          • Alex

            Hi Saleh,
            The connection in Eritrea can be slow in the evening since most people use the internet cafes after 6 PM but before evening it is decent. This is based on my observation when I was in Asmara in January 2019. I am active twitter user and have seen so many people twitting from asmara and the BBC report is done in haste with out any backup from somebody in the ground..

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Alex,

            I don’t know why you seem to always apologize to the regime for everything that it failed to do. A little honesty goes a long way.

            I understand in the early days of the internet, it was costly to purchase the equipments and to lay cable to have high speed internet. But with the advancement of technology and moors law, and the open source project where almost everything can be purchased at really reasonable price if not available as free software, and network equates have become really affordable.

            Equipments that use to cost thousands of dollars one can find at garage sale prices in eBay.

            Eritrea is located the closest to the Middle East to lay fibre optic cable and bring it in. Google “submarine cable map 2018” and you will see the map. Csmoare it to Djibouti for example.

            Twitter uses only 140 characters, it was only couple of years ago that it doubled to 280. Twitter limit was the legacy character limit during the telegram period where it use to cost money and 140 was enough on average to convey meaningful sentence.

            In today’s world where the world is taking about 5G cellular network, which means your mobile will have 1 Gbits/s connection. That’s 1000 million bits/ second. Now twitter uses 140 characters and 1 character is 8 bits so roughly (140×8), 1100 bits.

            Can you imagine the world of a difference we find our selves?

            Berhe

          • Alex

            Hi Berhe,
            From when it is counted as apologizing for the Gov for stating what I have experienced of using internet in Eritrea. I never stated our internet infrastructure and speed is good but stated my experience.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Alex,

            You always seem to give them credit for the crap job they have been doing, weather it’s healthcare (you say it’s great, but people can’t even find Tylenol or they have to go to Sudan, Dubai or somewhere else), you say the unaccredited colleges are good (which are absolutely good for nothing), they are basically creating a crisis because they are denying people to have an opportunity to do post grad because they don’t have proper undergrad diploma. The last graduates are probably those in South Africa and who ever graduated before the UofA is closed. This will be felt in the years to come.

            So what type of internet access in Eritrea is considered “decent”.

            Berhe

          • Peace!

            Hi Berhe,

            Traveling to Sudan for seeking basic medical care is normal comparing to:

            Hospital: መብራህቲ የላን መጥባሕቲ ከይንገብረሉ

            ናይ ሕሙም ቤተሰብ: እሞኸ በጃኹም ህጻን እዩ

            Hospital: በሉ ናፍታ ገዚእኩም ምጹ ንጀኔረተር ዝኽውን

            Peace!

          • Paulos

            Selam Abi Seb,

            If what you said is actually true, not a joke, it is an epic tragedy!

            Here is something I read on BBC I never forget: A couple of small-time crooks in Cameroon robbed a bank and when the Bank-tellers called the police, the police were luckly nearby and started chasing them but the robbers drove off fast and the Police couldn’t catch them and stopped altogether in the middle. Guess why? The police run out of gas in the middle of the road! I thought that was fr*aking funny. It was an actual event. But stopping in a middle of a surgery due to lack of gas, ain’t funny. It is an epic tragedy!

          • Peace!

            Hi Paulosay,

            True story. This was back in 2013 a woman shared the tragic story in front of a small crowd when Issayas was visiting Kenya. Will search for that video….

            I know it sounds hard to believe but that was the true life of Eritreans. No electricity , No medicine, High food prices, No enough money supply…..ዘይተነግረ እምበር ዘይተገብረ የለን ኢልካ ምዕጻው ይሓይሽ.

            Peace!

  • Blink

    Dear all
    Enjoy the garbage of someone’s mind set about Eritrea and Ethiopia. The writer clarified his views point by point and it all ends with a weyane fallacy that never was a thing of the past and that will not be in the present . What a waste of time .Assuming such people are in the Eritrean opposition is simply a recipe for failure unless the Eritrean people get more informed .

    The attack on Oromo is simply irresponsible that should be edited before spewing it to the public. The notion Eritrea is being sold back is a laughable thing and it shows the author is in distress because his wishes are all gone .

  • mokie berhe

    Salam everyone. Many in the opposition that are now consumed with propagating ridiculous conspiracy theories, are from the same lot of people, that shamefully supported MZ and the TPLF over the past 20 years. Meles was so brazen that he openly mentioned that he had eye on Tiyo, as a strategic preferred location to establish an Ethiopian port. I don’t recall you then screaming about what were real threats against Eritrean sovereignty?

  • mokie berhe

    Salam everyone. I find this article an incredibly shameful (unless you are TPLF or one of its surrogates) attempt to repackage and amplify a set of ludicrous conspiracy theories. British plans to kill, dismember and erase Eritrea from the map as soon as it had fallen into British military hands upon Allied victory over the Axis in the Horn of Africa during World War II, are well documented. To now disingenuously utilize antiquated quotes of Kennedy Travaskis in support of a repackaging of these ludicrous conspiracy theories is simply puerile.

  • Mahmud Saleh

    Selam All
    1. Regarding the photoshopped picture accompanying the article= every time you come up with such collages, your credibility nosedives; it is an insult to the proud people of Eritrea. Eritrea is an independent nation and no act of mockery will change that. The campaign of “Eritrea is sold…Eritrea is gone…” will soon hit the reality: Eritrea and Ethiopia will start living and cooperating peacefully, based on international norms. Soon, custom, trade, transport and ports use regulations will be made public; the border will be demarcated; and warmongers will have to search for other excuses to keep fueling their hate drive.
    2. The article is narrated from TPLF’s perspective. Considering the author’s longstanding positions, his hawkish stances towards the EPLF and everything that is linked to EPLF, I’m not surprised. The fact that I keep reading similar narrations on Tigraionline is also not a surprise.
    3. The author, of course, does not represent Eritreans when he entertains bigotry towards the Oromo people. According to my experience and my daily interactions, the majority of Eritreans do not believe there is an inherent wickedness in any people’s behavior or outlook. There arise wicked leaders and regimes in the history of every people. The Oromo people are a proud people as well as the Amara, Tigray and so on.
    4. Eritrea and Ethiopia are entering a new era of cooperation. I will hope and pray it is an era which helps both peoples to prosper and begin living in peace. I hope it will be an era that ends wars. It is incomprehensible for anyone who tries to make a meaning out of the current development if that person is still living in the obsolete era of yesterday. There are Eritreans who had aligned with the TPLF. It is understood that they will feel defeated. It is expected that they will demonize Dr. Abiy Ahmed and his powerbase.
    5. I believe the majority of Ethiopians respect Eritrea, as an independent nation; I welcome their good wishes, love and aspirations to see both countries having close relations. The next chapter of our region should be focused on delivering services to the peoples, and uplift their living conditions. The cooperation between the two countries will undoubtedly create a win-win situation not only for both peoples but for the peoples of the Horn of Africa.
    6. Finally, Eritrea will start rising up; together with the powerhouse of the region, Ethiopia, I’m confident the scenarios the author depict will be proved to be the outcome of a stalled mind.

    • Nitricc

      …” will soon hit the reality: Eritrea and Ethiopia will start living and cooperating peacefully, based on international norms. Soon, custom, trade, transport and ports use regulations will be made public; the border will be demarcated; and warmongers will have to search for otherexcuses to keep fueling their hate drive.

      You are wrong! What you don’t know is the despot is incapable of making peace. You See, MS the great that is what they were saying and the despot went out in full scale in making peace. Instead of saying we were wrong on our prediction now they are saying stupid thing. From what I understand the oppositions don’t want real peace; what they want and what they are hoping is for chaotic change. In that way, chaotic chnage, not only no one will hold them accountable for their betrayal but it increase for them to come to power. What amazes me is how wrong they are.
      They have no idea with who they are dealing with. They think they know but NO!

    • Ismail AA

      Hayak Allah Ustaz Mahmoud,

      ” Finally, Eritrea will start rising up”. This statement qualifies as an oracle that heralds a good omen. It suggests a conviction that Eritrea had been led to fall in tragic ruins, and shall begin to rise again with Ethiopia on its side. But, doesn’t recognizing the cause make the message complete? Why did the nation fall to that tragedy and had to awaite a neighboring country to help it rise? I know you might just tell me the culprit was the TPLF. If you do that some may accuse you of having a “stalled mind”, which no one who knows would like. By the way, if Burhan Ali’s has “stalled mind”, what will be you and me have?. اتقي الله يا رجل

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Ahlan Ismail AA
        It has nothing to do with his general intelkectual capacity or the prowess one reads from the flawless prose, i wish i had a portion of it. But his grip of intra-Eritrea or Eritrea-Ethiopia is heavily influenced by the bitterness of the past, and appears as if his judgement is arrested in time, in srventies/eighties. I have followed his works. BTW, this is a challenge that many others refused to overcome.
        Jazak Allah.

        • Ismail AA

          Hayak Allah Mahmoud,

          Correcting a mistake that touches on a fellow human’s worth is virtue. Knowing you as a bold man, I anticipated an open remorse addressed to the injured. The man did no crime. He just shared his intellectually measured views on matters we may or we may not like as any one of us does.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Ismailo,

            It is a political culture that took decades to take roots in the mind of the organization members. There is nothing better that quench the heart of decent people than this statement of yours: “Correcting a mistake that touches on a fellow human’s worth is virtue”.👍

    • Millennium

      Hi Mahmud:
      Excellent! Ethiopians are realizing that Eritrea means them no harm. They are gradually understanding that Eritrean position was always defensive and was never about hurting Ethiopia. If 1991 symbolizes victory through the barrel of the gun, 2018 symbolizes winning the hearts and minds of Ethiopians that Independent Eritrea does not harm the interest of Ethiopia. It was not to no avail that Ethiopian opposition groups were hosted in Eritrea. It was meant to help instil trust between the two people and while defeating their common enemy and it has worked like a charm. Prosperous Ethiopia is a blessing to the whole region and Eritrea can only benefit from such an outcome. Articles like this are meant to paint a different narrative. But the narrative is simple: Eritrea’s long and arduous struggle for sovereignty was indeed long but is finally bearing fruit and apparently there are some people that stand to loose from such a scenario

      Millennium

    • Dear Mahmoud,
      Photoshop is used as an image enhancing tool and it a major tool in publishing. You imply the image is fake and you are wrong. Images behind glass show reflection and the window glass blurs them. That’s where photoshop comes to correct the clarity. And that’s the only thing that happened in the image of the poster. If you are claiming the image is a creation of a non existent poster, we have nothing to say. Please focus on the article.

      • iSem

        Dear awate:
        This is in support of Mahmud; He has a point: you have yet to apologized for the photoshopped image that accompanied his Open Letter Article where a docile PFDJ woman swaddled in the flag stood besides a PFDJ Sheik, a hybrid attire, a symbol of integration between the brotherly people of S. Arabia, so one day this society can also allow women to stand beside a man in the famous PFDJ ration of everything of 3:7 . So that is why I concur with the great MS. besides you should have your used PhotoShoot not Photoshop. Photoshop is imported PhotoShoot predates photoshop a human ingenuity created in Sahel

      • Nitricc

        Please focus on the article.

        I WISH you do the same and stop posting this childish pictures. Pictures clearly beneath you.

      • Nitricc

        AT; good work for deleting my take. at least fake it by pretending that you can take constructive criticism.

      • Nitricc

        Remove this!!!!!!!!!!!! who do you think you are? pleaseeeeeeeeee

        • Nitricc

          PLEASE REMEMBER THIS IS A FORM FOR CIVIL DISCUSSION NOT FOR TEMPER TANTRUMS

          what do you mean FORM? please give me a freaking break. just you are mad because i called you our on your hypocrisy. please. now get this go to hell. i just commented on you for your childish activity and you got offended. again go the hell.

  • Awash Lemma

    Hi Greetings

    A well composed piece, but…. The only good thing about the article is it is quiet brief, saved my time. Thanks for this.

    It is telling, that you chose a British colonialist’s views as your framework and projected tired and unrealistic scenarios. Of many, your view of Haile Selassie. Statues were erected at the AU for those who contributed to the liberation of Africa and it is beyond doubt that Haile Selassie comes arguably at the very forefront. Why Meles opposed is now clear and no need to repeat, and he was consistent with his vengeful views and policy throughout.

    The writer appears frustrated with the Oromo; he seems to be among those who have been wishing and waiting the Oromos to do what the TPLF just failed to do. That is, bring about the break-up of Ethiopia. He even unashamedly tried to belittle Oromos by stating a disparaging statement which he claimed was said by a Somali.

    Unfortunately, it seems he doesn’t know the Oromo people beyond the Jawars and Ezqehels. Sad. If he knew them he would be even more frustrated, as he would find that Oromos are the pillars of united Ethiopia.

    About developments regarding Ethiopians and Eritreans, both on government and people to people level – come on, come to your senses. Come out of your 1960-80s closet and appreciate and deal with reality.

  • Selam All,

    Fom agaziland to the oromo empire of the horn of africa. Are we continuing to walk through a never-ending fog? Beyond any prophecy is the reality, the reality post-1993, and what one did with that reality, if it was rightly used or squandered by living in one’s small bubble.

    One should not continue to be dogmatic about that first shot. If it affected both countries in a positive or negative way, if the outcome, i.e. the present socio-economic situation is the desired one or not, or could there have been something better than this, without going through wars of destruction, is the important question that is never asked by anybody, because it is a taboo to do so. Is there always one solution for a problem? The french revolution catapulted western europe to development, while in ethio-eritrean case the negative consequences outweigh the positive ones, and both are in a quagmire of their own creation.

    One should not deny that there were homegrown political and social movements in ethiopia of the sixties and earlier, for example, demand for land ownership rights, a change to constitutional monarchy and the coup d’etat of the sixties. These have their own historical development and ethiopians were not apolitical until the birth of the eritrean revolution.

    MZ showed his meanness and his anti-ethiopian stand by denying the statue of HS in his own capital city and at the AU he helped a lot to create, while allowing the statue of a foreign ruler. He should have one for what he did for african unity and for loving his country, despite his many mistakes. MZ could have denied a space for HS’s statue in mekelle, but he showed his hatred and short sightedness, and ultimately he is the one who is not going to have one in addis.

    Hating emperor HS and hating ethiopia was on the same page for tplf. That was one of the reason it was ethno-nationalist and against ethio-nationalism. The new administration whatever name one attaches to it, believes in ethiopia’s unity and its sovereignty unlike tplf, hopes for peace within and outside the ethiopian border, democracy and human rights are its priority, and the new playing field will include the economy, and not the statue of hate, the anole statue for example, that was erected by tplf and olf, and not on the wish of the oromo people.

    Divide and rule is no more the modus operandi. In ethiopia the most amalgamated ethnic groups are the oromos and amharas who lived side by side for centuries, from ethiopian palaces to the smallest villages. These are the people who never called themselves exceptional and unique and intermarried producing emperors and ordinary ethiopians in their millions. Imagining that HS belongs exclusively to the amharas is a grossly flawed conclusion. That includes even emperor menelik.

    Equating eritrea’s independence with ethiopia’s landlocked status for eternity is a gross mistake (we have discussed the issue enough in the past), nevertheless, the continued existence of the eritrean state should not be a problem to any ethiopian whatsoever.

    Finally, whoever speaks of ethiopian unity is not necessarily anti-eritrean (e.g. the medemer philosophy), and the touchstone for eritrea’s continued existence should not have been ethiopia’s disintegration and demise, because it is a zero-sum game for both.

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear Brother Horizon,

      I think you and me had good understanding earlier..

      I think you are missing the point here like some of our people have had exactly..You see, we horn (east African) had no single way except live together..economically and socially even we have similar culture and way of life..Simply we have to live untied to stay alive..It is very clear and we all know this..

      We have to make things clear by holding our nations crystal by respecting the the fight done for freedom..Only, constitution will solve our case..Just wait and watch..don’t be in hurry we should mange carefully..

      It is impossible to see united before both sides agree …I think it is very clear now,, I think you have to got what I am saying…

      KS..

      • Selam K.S.,

        Happy to hear from you. Beautiful Bahir Dar will always be there waiting for you to visit her, when your strength returns. I am sure everything will be OK for you, God willing.

        A house divided cannot stand, and we should worry that the future may not be so bright for the peoples of the region unless they come to their senses. Peace, reconciliation and cooperation is the only way forward. Otherwise, everybody will come out losers.
        It is a matter of survival. Don’t be surprised if in the future other players decide for our people, as long as they cannot do it by themselves, because they have received only one failure after the other from this generation. It want be a good decision, it won’t serve their interest, but that of the new players’, and it will be forced upon them, and there is nothing they can do about it.

        Future generations will condemn vehemently the present generation of elites who screwed the lives of their people, and the lives of the future generations.

  • Eyob Medhane

    Hello,

    I just want to leave this in here. Patronizing, incredibly ignorant, appealingly racist, which I always expect from some, not all (but with significant numbers) Shabiya and Jebha 60s and 70s aging bush shiftas, who still think this is 1964, Ba’ath party and Hafez All Assad are still a thing. I am sad I wasted my time on it….

  • Haile S.

    Selam Burhan,
    Quel style! what admirable and captivating way of writing. For me, reading you is like reading my favorite writer philosopher Emile Cioran. You are becoming my second. Cioran wrote briefly on the destiny of Russia and Spain under the title ‘Petite theorie du destin’ (little theory of destiny). You Burhan did on Ethiopia.

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear Burhan Ali,

    I am the only man going and coming as all participants know..I am fine except memory problem. And here I am once again…just all are used to this my fate …I enjoy reading the above thank you dear for this very informative information..

    Let me say very clean and informative..and clear article dear..thank you very much now… I will have to read all what is on this long month on this great site…

    KS,,

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Kokhob Selam,
      It’s joy to have you back. Forgive me for not asking about you as I occasionally did before. I have you in my thoughts always, and include you in my prayers in this month of piety and reflection.

      • Kokhob Selam

        Yes, Dear Ismail AA,

        Thank you very much and I appreciate for your prayer ,,Really. I need this one on this Holy month..

        KS,,

        • Yohannes Zerai

          Dear Kokhobai,

          It is great to have you back at Awate Forum.

          For many of us, participation at Awate is an on-again, off-again experience; i.e., we alternatively appear at, and disappear from the Forum for a variety of genuine and not-so-genuine reasons. In your case, what matters most is you have NOW re-joined the Awate family!

          You know Kokhobai, you are an amazingly courageous man! And I am proud of you! What you have done in posting your comment above is precisely what the majority of us do here: We read (and learn from) what others have to say, and we express our personal opinions on issues regardless of whether those opinions are simple or complex. You just participated in that activity on an equal footing with the rest of us!

          We love you; we want to see you participating here whenever possible and we wish you all the very best in everything you do!

        • Millennium

          HI Kokhob Selam:

          I never knew you were sick; I wish you a quick recovery!

          Millennium

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Kokhbay,

      Good to hear from you and good to see you back. How are you doing brother? You are always in our thoughts and prayers. Wish you good recovery.

      Regards

      • Kokhob Selam

        Thank you Amuni,,

        You are very nice friend of longest struggle time..

        Really, I am doing fine..just only the early early stage of remembrance problem..I just became.. On ..OFF..Ha ha ha..

        You are in the same field (Medical )..any in formation?

        Regards,,

        KS..

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Kokhbay,

          I will share you this story, the story of one of our comrade-in arms “Tesfay Teklezghi” during the liberation era. Tesfay was hit by a bullet on his head during the 45 days “battle of mereb” where the enemy was trying to regain our liberated towns in 1978. The bullet that hit his cerebral cortex where memories are coded has erased his memory completely, to the extent he could not read and write any of the languages he command (tigrigna, Amharic, tigre, Arabic, and to a lesser degree English) nor could he recognize his own families and colleagues. He was sent to Italy for further treatment. He started from scratch to learn everything. He is residing in Paris doing fine and his memory is recovered.

          The reason I am telling you his story is: if the memory lose is caused from the surgery you made, I am confident that you will slowly recover your memory like Tesfay Teklezghi. Keep your “spirit up” and am sure you will do fine my friend.

          Regards

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Aman H and Kokhob,

            Thank you Amanuel. This is indeed a very useful story to you brother Kokhob. I was not aware the cause of your injury. Tesfay is common friend with Aman- an accomplished hero. I met him in Damascus on his return route from Italy after medication. Regaining his speaking faculty was still law and improving when I talked to him then. One of his greatest assets was his strong spirit and morale. Because I was a bit affected by the difference when I met him at the ELF second congress engaging in critical debates and impeccable command of Tigrinya, and noticed sadness on my face, he turned to me and said: እስማዒል ኣጆኻ ሕጂ ራባዓይ ክፍሊ በጺሐ አሉኹ። ኣብ ሳልሳይ ጉባኤ ምስተራከብና ክትርእየኒ ኢካ ካብ ቀደመይ ንላዕሊ ክምጉት። He was right. We met in 2001 in RC-Congress, and his language was as perfect as I saw him speaking it in 1975. So, dear kokhob, morale and lively spirit are essential. You are already strong; keep it up. You will be fine.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Thank you both,

            I know this great fighter..and I wish we all comrades come together one time..even few hours..

            KS,,

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Ismailo,

            Tesfay joined at young age when he was 6th grade from Debaroa middle school. I was two years ahead of him in school. Imagine for an Eritrean who gave the entire of his life to the struggle including the lose of his memory, can’t see the country he fought for. He is an example of the many heroes and heroines who could not see their beloved country. It is very sad the country we envisioned to be the real estate of a group of mafia.

        • iSem

          Hi K.Selam
          Nice to see you back. I was aware that you were not feeling well,but Now I kept up with your condition with the exchange with Emma.
          So all the best and good to have you back
          May the Holy month of Ramadan bring blessing to you and your loved ones. Look forward to read your poems.

    • Safaee Michael Binieam

      Selam kokhob
      In the past have reccomended a website/youtube channel called nutritionfacts.org by Dr Michael Greger. Please have a look at and see if you find it helpful. The channel promotes plant based diet in preventing and reversing chronic illness.

      SMB

      • Kokhob Selam

        Selam Dear Safaee Michael Binieam

        Can you please show the link once again…. Please awate is not allowing to put the link when it is not weekend, simply that is our rule. So please, put for me once again in next weekend in my Jebena page;…. Please..I may need that as well….thank you …

        KS..

        • Safaee Michael Binieam

          Selam Kokhob
          It would be my pleasure, will remeber to send you the link on the weekend, you can also find his content on youtube by typing in his name.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Selam Dear Safaee Michael Binieam

            Now I found it..https://nutritionfacts.org/ it is really nice…

            I am cheeking all will help..thank you dear..

            KS,,

          • Safaee Michael Binieam

            Selam Kokhob

            Not a problem sir, God bless.

            SMB

    • Peace!

      Hi KS,

      Welcome Back and pleasure seeing you doing well.

      Peace!

    • Nitricc

      KS; what is up my friend. reading Aman-H’s post about you made me feel so little I didn’t know what to say to you except to say Thank you for your service of the nation and I wish you well.

  • Ismail AA

    Hayak Allah ustaz Burhan Ali,

    Microscopic precision assessment backed by political history of a complex subject. The point one may add is the Oromo factor has not yet fully deployed. The current stewards mentioned do not yet possess the mandate of the vast Oromo constituency. In other words, the Abij-Megersa – ship has particular socio-cultural (Amhara-Oromo) portion of the Oromo nation on board, which is being swayed side ways by those affiliations in an tempestuous sea.

    Thus, the constituency that is made up of bona fide Oromos that have collective memory of Amhara dominated imperial expansion and concomitant enslavement has not got yet access to the seat of power. The current politics spearheaded by Mohammed Jawar – Eziekel Gebissa youth movement, the Dawoud Ibsa front and many grass roots conglomerate societal groups can be taken as expression Abij and Megersa alliance is trying to cope with.

    Acuteness of the situation could be felt in the fact that Amhara-Abij government concerted campaigns to silence Jawar and his associates. Thus, whether Oromo centered Ethiopia shall extract itself from Travaski’s prophesy could be a bit too early to put as final assessment. The mission before Eritreans is what they should do to put an end to Traveski’s prediction and secure themselves from those who may not sanitize themselves from nationalist jingoism to get what forces of history had not given them.

    • Teodros Alem

      selam ismail aa
      after world war 2 Germany didn’t take them 30 years to become one of the most powerful country in the world. why? because THEY ARE Germanys.
      The whole of Africa except ethiopia was colonized by European. why ? because they r africans. and still africans r in worst shape. why because they r africans. The point is, nobody can change certain nature, it is what it is.
      by the way, if ethiopia decided and control Assab, u can do nothing about it except crying 24/7 like u doing to badema.
      by the way, u nether a muslim nor ismail, i can tell from ur twisted nature and am sure u will not say what u saying here over the internet in public.

      • Ismail AA

        AtoTedros Alem,

        You know what the shrewd Dutch do when they encounter people like you ? They shrug shoulders and retort “dom”, and walk away. I should leave you to your own honorable compatriots in this forum to weigh you on their scale, I.e if you have weight at all. Forgive anyway, if I used a harsh adjective to describe you.

        • Teodros Alem

          selam ismail
          I know u r a heavy weight on lying and hating but that doesn’t add up anything positive for the betterment of society or country. ur weight is a burden for the world like ……..
          like i told u. It is what it is.

          • Paulos

            ቴድሮስ,

            ኣንተ ጨምላቃ ዱርየ፣ ጋሸ እስማዒል ኣታቃቸውም፣ ክቡር ስማቸው ባንተ ኣይነት መናጢ ኣሳዳጊ የበደለው ሊነሳ ኣይገባም። ሂድና ቢጤህን ፈልግ። ኣስቀያሚ!

          • iSem

            Hi Paul:
            We know what happened to the smarmy arrogance that sparked the 19961: humiliation of the largest army in African after Egypt. Prisoners of war, devastating hugger that shocked the world, a rich Ethiopia hungry. Shame
            Now IA may have damage the tenacity of Eritrea, but mark my words the arrogance these idiots are showing, ” You can do nothing about it if we occupy your land…”, they fail to understand that new realities may usher in new alliance and the arrogance may end up in chaos and their medember may end up in meqenes. In their history they got golden chance in 1991 and ironically that chance was given to them by those who they enslaved for a century. Humility goes a long way

          • Teodros Alem

            selam isem g
            u know a people like, selam kidame, sophia t/meriam, the owner of mesekarem.com and so on, their dades were a colonel, general and so on, in derg’s ethiopia army . meaning u r talking about 2 different mind set .
            pls tell idiot paulos to stope it

          • iSem

            Hi Teodros Alem F
            Ok, I will tell the non-idiot Paul to stop it,

          • Gerogee

            Hi isom

            You are one of the main megaphone holder of TPLF. Now you pretend like you are worried about Eritrean sovereignty. Ethiopians are the least treat when it comes to Eritrea. It is your shortsighted Woyane that is double taking, expired food selling, warmongering, that is holding peace. The rest of Ethiopians are just with exception of few are wanting to move on…

          • iSem

            Hi Gerogee:
            I refuse to engage with you because I have minimum requirement for truth and IQ. You do not qualify on both counts

          • Teodros Alem

            selam.paulos
            If ur role model is a guy like ismail, the heavy weight lier and hater, that tells a lot about ur idiot self.

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Tedros Alem,
            Thank you. Didn’t you notice I was the only one who upvoted you?

        • Hashela

          Dear Moderater

          the comment by Tedros is utterly disrespectful in many levels and ways. One can leave it here for a demonstration of how low some can go. One can also consider removing it due to its ugliness

          • Paulos

            ሓሸላ,

            ከመይ ጌሮም ንዓበይቲ ሰባት ይዝንጥሉን ይደፍሩን ክርዳኣኒ ኣይክእልን’ዩ!

            I am not saying I am blameless or anything like that–far from it, but if there is anything we are proud of that no body can take away from us is the reverence we exude for our elders. ነወሪ!

      • Saleh Johar

        Some times it’s wise to think before running your mouth. I do not know who knows you, but I know many people here who know Ismail. I know him and he uses his real name. Now revit your statement and see who has a twisted nature. Why is too difficult to be civil and make statements only about what you are sure of?

        • Paulos

          Selam Ayay,

          I don’t know Kbur Haw Ismail AA from Adam but he is the kind of individual I feel like I have known for ages. Everyday, I get inspired by his sense of humility, intellect and amazingly composed self. He is an extraordinary individual and I wish to meet him in person!

          And here we have trashy people with no class and decency what so ever and come here and open their diarrhea mouth.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam paulos
            pls reread every little thing of ur comment here in awate, u will know what the exact meaning of trashy, no class and diarrhea mouth means.
            If u have any class u wouldn’t say what u said above. U r what u said u r .

          • Saleh Johar

            Paulos,
            You are correct. Anyone who knows him will describe him the way you did. Therefore, in a way, you already know him.

        • Teodros Alem

          Selam Saleh Johar
          i might be wrong but based on his writings here and based on my experience, it is hard for me to picture him otherwise. but i also know there r bad in every community.

  • Paulos

    Selam Ato Burhan Ali,

    Welcome back and many thanks for the thought provoking article where the timing for it could not have been more apt.

    States as you know are inherently predators where diplomacy is a facade if not a charade at best where more often than not is ephimerally employed to buy time till the State in a weaker standing gains considerable strength. That is precisely the reason that the strength of any nation is viewed particularly by the [Geographically] immediate States as a threat. And of course, this kind of school of thought gave rise to a cold calculated “Realism” and brought about the “Balance of Power” in the 19 Century Europe which traces its intellectual foundation in “The Treaty Of Westphalia.”

    The question then remains: If any State finds herself in a perpetual real or perceived threat, should she remain on the look out armed to her teeth say, day-in and day-out? Well, that is certainly not practical but she can find ways around it by forging alliances with other States in the same conundrum and most importantly she can stand out through strong economic strength where the genius of Cardinal Richelieu, Otto von Bismarck and Henry Kissinger among others come to mind. True students of Machiavelli and “Realism”, the said personalities clearly internalized not only intra-State Power-Politics but inter-State Power-Politics in the world stage as well. Most importantly, they understood the strong link between a strong economy and strong foreign policy.

    As you have aptly put it, Ethiopian leaders can never retire their hungry gaze on the Red Sea, they could only do so when Eritrea remains a formidable power through and through. As it happens however, the reason they are coming back in a subtle intent to bring back Eritrea to the fold is not only because Eritrea is weak and in bad shape but an enemy from with-in is eating her up like a merciless ፍልሖ! It is a double edged sword. መከረኛ ሃገር!

  • iSem

    Tigrinya at its Best: Politics at its Worst.

    Hi All:
    It was laden with over ten Tigrinya provers. Original, undulated Tigrinya proverbs. Then it was seasoned with some Tigrinya metaphors, like the teeth of a donkey, the regime that is saying “Hamsus-hamus” etc and two stories—one from Prophet Mohammed’s death and one generic Arabic adage. I am talking about Semere Tesfamichael Habtemariam’s interview regarding the future of Medrekh and Eritrean opposition in general.
    It was refreshing. And my mind was cleansed from last weeks’ speech I heard by a group of pastors who did the honorable thing to condemn PFDJ collectively, but when I closed my eyes and heard their Tigrinya, it felt like I was listening to a PFDJ cadre who recently joined the justice seeking camp. Not with Semere TH’s interview with TempoAfric. Semere TH left Eritrea when he was barely 8 years old and if you close your eyes and listen to his answers, you would feel like you are listening to a centennial in an Highland Bayto. Pure Gold Semere!! Tigrinya at its best. And to top it all, he announced the Medrekh’s funeral will be in two months. I will don a white shirt, white pants, white shoes, white hat. Not Black because the burial of Medrekh ought to be celebrated, not mourned
    The grand idea of citizens uniting under the ideals that should not be compromised that Semerer TH articulated are also excellent. On principle. On Paper. It is doable. But so where the themes of the least denominator that now is out of fashion. At the end of the day ideas, ideals, are materialized by the people behind them, the ideas and ideals and truths that we espouse do not magically implement themselves. It is the people behind them that nurture them and deliver them to fruition. So I am of the belief that to create one national, citizen based organization, the visionaries leading this should select its remembers carefully as many who are masquerading as opposing PFDJ have worked tirelessly to undermine the genuine opposition.
    Finally, Semere talked passionately about how the Eritrean defences forces are the allies of the people and that change should come from them. At face value, this is also tempting, but it seems that Semere unlearned one thing in the last 20 years and that is that the EDF is underfed, unappreciated, unrespected, devoid of defence minister with power relegated Ghedli era bunkers, unable to feed their children and embrace their spouses. And uninformed. Think of Wedi Ali who made the ultimate sacrifice failed because he did not information about the transmission switch control located in Akria. We cannot depend on the EDF to usher in the change from inside. PFDJ and IA are protected by well-fed, well dressed, well informed, well armed secrete services that is beholden to IA and only to him. This not an epiphany, Andebrhan and the other PFDJ members in Mderehk know it.
    It is not the myriad solutions proposed and the approaches that Semere pooh-poohed as upside down that were wrong, it was the people that were wrong. They are allies. Fine. But we are talking of possibilities and its there is slim chance such an army will deliver the change in its current state, stationed underground in remote areas
    I hope Semere is right and that he does not come in a few yeas to turn the new hip notion upside down. I say this: it is people, people, people.

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam Burhan,

    Good to see you back, brother. Thank you for gracing us with this beautifully written piece. Yes indeed, the Traveski curse is still alive and the old empire dream of Ethiopia is persisting to thrive with Abiy-Megerssa team. They are trying to remind us by chanting “our ports” in their meetings and conferences. Thank you for coming with this timely article.

    Regards