Home / Articles / Africa’s Generation 6

Africa’s Generation 6

In a bid to stay ahead, industrial countries have entered the race to conquering 5G technology. If you are a tech buff, like me, you must have heard, read and/or watched something about the mad competition between countries and companies to master 5G technology and monopolize its market. Some countries are even embarked on full-blown researches to position themselves better in developing 6G while others are still struggling in acquiring 4G capabilities.

Wireless companies are vying to integrate your mobile phone, home and office security systems, computers, TVs and entertainment consoles, refrigerators, kitchen appliances, house and car doors. And all that without any wires coming into your home. Your cell phone will become your command center.

Similarly, in defense, countries are rushing to upgrade their weapon systems with an emphasis on design engineering, material science, developing guiding systems, and electronic warfare.

The most fascinating competition, nonetheless, is focused on computing sciences. The holy grail in the computing world, or the next “big thing,” is believed to be quantum computation, where quantum computers are expected to crunch astronomical numbers and execute commands at an unbelievably faster rate.

Additionally, artificial intelligence is gaining momentum with lots of money pouring into that field. It is thought to replace humans in areas that require higher computational capabilities and repetitious tasks, at least that is what the proponents of AI tell us. Some, however, doubt that AI will continue to be such a friendly partner to humans. They fear that one day AI will either replace the labor force or even conquer humanity and enslave it.

Well, for now, we are happy that computers are taking backbreaking and dangerous assignments. They are already installing, controlling, and cleaning radioactive materials; they are exploring outer space. Rovers such as Opportunity, Spirit, and Curiosity have roamed the surface of Mars, a planet that is 33.9 million miles (54.6 million kilometers) away from Earth, where, with the current space technology, it would not be safe for astronauts due to the hazardous environment of space.

Also, in other areas, such as biomedicine, agriculture, and engineering, the future is promising. Science is progressing at a rapid pace. And information has become the pinnacle of human progress.

With the advancement in information technology and with growing ties in commerce, the world has undoubtedly become more integrated and has become more interdependent. True,  we are becoming better at understanding each other; nevertheless, the world is still dominated by the few countries that have accumulated wealth and the means to weaponize it to subjugate others.

Thus, an aspect of human nature that has not kept pace with the technological leaps is man’s desire to occupy more, control more, exploit more, and consume more. The world is still ruled by ideas of the 19th-century’s greedy European rulers, who scrambled to slice Africa into colonies. Geopolitics continues to be drawn by the powerful; they continue to dictate their policies to the rest through their spheres of influence.

The USA and its satellites have been dictating terms on weaker parts of the world,  acting as the sole policing agency, and imposing their moral and political philosophies on small developing countries. The Cold War seems to have resurrected- this time, with a whiff of vengeance from Russia, reasserting its prominence. The world is not a unipolar anymore, and it is stocking deadlier weapons of mass destruction.

China is not the backward and negligible giant of the Far East: its burgeoning economy is getting hungrier by the day for materials and markets, entrapping poor countries in debt. There is a term for China’s predatory lending: debt-trap diplomacy. African countries are thought to owe China around $143 billion (link below). Some experts worry that China’s aggressive lending tactics lead to countries compromising their national sovereignty, as it happened to Sri Lanka. China is indeed considering Africa to be its pivotal springboard to spreading its global influence.

In our neighborhood, Kenya, Djibouti, and Ethiopia are among the nations struggling to finance their Chinese debts, which are becoming a significant threat to their nascent economies. They will have to divert a big chunk of their meager revenues away from social services and development projects.

The competition among the rich and superpowers to dominate the world is certainly heating up. China has already secured the honor of being the second largest economy, and it’s closing in to knock out America to become the largest economy in the world. However, the dominance of the USA is here to stay for the foreseeable future. And with that, its financial arms (IMF and World Bank) and its military weight will continue to impose its foreign policy on developing countries. Unless new technologies of extracting resources are invented, as the world population grows (estimated to be 10 billion in 2050), the competition will likely get more aggressive.

For now, however, getting an edge on developing and distributing generation five technology (5G) seems to be the battleground for the giants. And the theater is getting uglier.  The USA complaint that the products of China’s electronic giants ZTE and Huawei could jeopardize national security is a testament to the importance that superpowers have placed on monopolizing 5g. Thus, activities of economic espionage and theft of intellectual property continue to make headlines. The competition to monopolize markets and secure scarce resources will undoubtedly keep building up. The ongoing “trade war” between America and China is a clear sign of conflicts yet to come.

All the above advancements have come at the expense of developing countries that have been cheated, bullied, manipulated, and threatened by powerful entities (states, firms, and agencies), using contemporary strategies such as financial and security coercions. This, in addition to immature political institutions, which have pursued misguided domestic policies, has caused the developing world and particularly Africa to lag far behind the developed world.

The spectacular show of technology, however, is in full display, proceeding according to its logical postulate. However, the inequities between the haves and have-nots in sharing the fruits of advancements in science and technology are widening. Big corporations are siphoning brains of the developing countries. Countries whose economies are not positioned to benefit from the rapid progress of technology are severely disadvantaged. Notably, the economies of Africa are not integrated into world markets.  Hence, they can’t transfer technologies and know-how as fast as they will need to catch up.

Catching up will require massive investment in the educational sector. Also, marketing out key projects that could entice foreign direct investments, and making regional and continental efforts to integrate African commerce could stimulate the economies of the continent. The expectation is that such measures could curtail the brain-drain of the most talented Africans. It could also galvanize the skills and passions of the most motivated entrepreneurs, two essential ingredients to close up the ever-widening gap between the developed and the developing world. That, to me, would be akin to conquering 6G.

About Mahmud Saleh

Check Also

The Eritrea’s Enough/Yi’akil Movement – A Way Forward

Since the Enough/Yi’akil campaign was launched about seven months ago, the campaign has garnered support …

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear Mahmuday,

    “Japan abandoned the development of 5G networks for the health of citizens”

    As I said to you,,Mahmuday, Who ever cares about people and life as general that will be sure 5G will not be reason..for development,,Not at all..

    “A study by the University of Nagasaki provides figures confirming the increase in the number of mental disorders and fatigue among high-speed Internet users. According to scientists, the more a person manages to conduct intellectual operations per minute, the more he is prone to the development of stress, absent-mindedness and an increase in nervous excitement.” It is time to search alternative now..And I think there is a solution now..

    the only way out is to see the case within..(5D to develop our brain go a way from this 3D matrix stage) and make step a head..and while operating our physical body but remain in 4D where that will be long and difficult journey..will you agree Mahmuday?

    KS,,

  • Mahmud Saleh

    Selam dear awatista

    Life is full of setbacks and triumphs. It’s percolated with tragedy and fortune, ups and downs, happiness and sadness. Some get overwhelmed by the loss of a loved one and lose the meaning of life altogether. However, In most cases, the desire to push through and not surrender to adversity helps us overcome grief and continue being productive. Alemseged Tesfai an example of such a case. The following is my introduction, followed by a fitting tribute for Temesgen Alemseged Tesfai, composed by Russom Woldezghi (his cousin) commemorating the tenth anniversary of his untimely passing. Temesgen was Alemseged’s only child at the time of the tragedy (he has since produced another son and he is doing well). Alemseged is celebrating the short life of his son with his family, friends, and fans while still busying himself with his projects of setting the record of Eritrean history straight.
    ————————-
    Celebrating the life of Temegen Alemseged Tesfai

    [a tribute will follow my intoroduction]

    ተመስገን ኣለምሰገድ ተስፋይ ካብዛ ዓለም ብሃንደበት ኣብ ሰዊት ዕድመኡ ካብ ዝሓልፍ ሎሚ መስከረም 7 ዓስራይ ዓመቱ ኮይኑ ኣሎ። ተመስገን ወዱ ነቲ ውሩይ ኤርትራዊ ተማራማሪ ታሪኽን ደራስን ኣለምሰገድ ተስፋፋይ እዩ። ወዲ ኣኩኡ ንተመስገን፡ ንኽብርን ዝክርን ህይወት ተመስገን እትበቅዕ ሓጻር ጽሕፍቲ ኣቕሪቡ ኣሎ። ምስ ስእልን ካብ ተመስገን ዝተወስደ ጠቕስን ቀሪቡ ኣሎ። ኣለምሰገድ ተስፋይ ንሓርበኛ በዓልቲ ቤቱ ኣብረሀት ሃይለ ወኪሉ ንኽሎም ኣብ ጎኑ ደው ዝበሉን ዘተባብዕዎን የመስግን። ንክልኩም ነበብቱን ኣድነቕቱን ኣዕሩኽቱን ድማ ሕሰም ኣይትርከቡ እናበለ ነታ ሓጻር ግን ኣፍራይትን ምቅርትን ህይወት ናይ ተመስገን ወዱ ብእወታ እናዘከረ ኣብቲ ተጸሚዱሉ ዘሎ ምጽሓፍ ታሪኽና ዓወትን ኣሳልጦን ክትምነዩሉ ይምሕጸን። ኣለምሰገድ ገና ምስ ሓይሉ እዩ ዘሎ፡ ኣብ ቀረባ ግዜ ሓድሽ ፍርያት ከምዘቕርበልና ኣይጠራጠርን። ነቶም ከም ናይ ቀረባ ስድርኡ ዝገልጸና ኣባላት ቤት ትምህርቲ ሰውራ ነበር ኸኣ ፍቕርን ሰላምን ይመነየልና ኣሎ። ኣብ ግዜ ሓዘኑ ይኹን ደስትኡ ወትሩ ኣብ ዝኽርና ምዃኑ ማዕረ እቲ ንሱ ዘፍቅረና ከም ነፍቅሮን ዝዕዘቦ ነገር እዩ። ብስጋ ደኣ ተፈለየና እምበር ስምካን ምስልኻን ግብርኻን ዝኽርኻንሲ ምሳና ኣሎ፡ ተመስገን፡ ብሰላም ዕረፍ።

    Today, September 7, 2019, on the tenth anniversary of the untimely passing of Temesgen Alemseged, the son of the renowned Eritrean historian, novelist, and playwright, Alemseged Tesfai, Temesgen’s cousin, Russom Woldezghi, has written a fitting tribute celebrating the life of Temesgen. Please join Temesgen’s parents, Alemseged Tesfai and Abrehet Haile, celebrating the life of Temesgen. Alemseged expresses his gratitude to all of us, his readers and fans, his friends, and especially his extended family at the Revolution School, or ቤት ትምህርቲ ሰውራ።

    To read Russom’s tribute to his cousin, and some of Temesgen’s activities in photos, video, and other memoriam, please click on the links below. ጽሕፍቲ ርእሶም ወልደዝጊ ንምንባብ; ንጥፈታት ተመስገን ብቪድዮን ኣሳእልን ክትዕዘቡ ነዘን ኣብ ታሕቲ ዘለዋ ሊንክታት ጠውቑ።

    https://temesgen.me/morial
    https://temesgen.me/photos
    https://temesgen.me/memoriam

  • Thomas

    SAAY – you just walk me from my deep sleep!! Aitbke endi u zebkyeni zelo, “Like I said, this is the post-Isaias cultural debris of ignorance, hypocrisy and falsehood that awaits us.” How very true!!

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Thomas,

      I am glad he woke you up from your deep sleep. Where have you been? Good to see you back.

      • Thomas

        Hi Amma,

        There was a time when we were told that a fighter is a fighter for a really good cause. I see you, Ismail, Abraham H, Kokob S and a few more as a living witness to that. However, I question myself when I read Semere Tesfay, MS and a few other traitors. Why did these people join the struggle for our independence? I think they stand now contradicts with what they stood for….. They betrayed the very people who had high hopes on them.

    • saay7

      Thomas:

      Should I apologize or thank you? 🙂

      I think Isaias Afwerki has become a Troll: like all her decisions–whether to stroll aimlessly with Abiy in Asmara or naming Sophia Tesfamariam to be the State of Eritrea’s Permanent Representative to the UN (contrast that with Ethiopian ambassador to the UN just for ease of comparison, never mind previous Eritrean ambassadors like Haile Menkeriors)–is just designed to troll the Eritrean opposition–yeah the same “dead”one whose arguments he memorizes and ridicules.

      As someone said, the only good thing that will come from Sophia Tesfamariam being kept busy to read words dictated to her by Yemane Gebreab is that Eritrea’s websites and social media will see a marginal improvement in the quality of the arguments.

      Those who follow Isaias and consider him (a man whose crimes amount to crimes against humanity, per testimonies given by Eritrean victims) are to be pitied and not debated seriously. How can one debate with psychotic people?

      saay

      • Thomas

        Thank you very much, Saay. To the Eritreans inside Eritrea, Sofia will be like President Trump except Trump knows the country he is leading where as Sofia will be another laughing stock. I think Nitricc’ getting energized now:) As our fathers say, “Zeban grimbit may ni’akeb”. Her topic of discussion will always be President Issayas does not get paid, president Issayas trolls on the streets of Asmara with worrying about his safety…… Of course, she won’t say he is also “herida gomida”

        • Hope

          Hello Tom:
          Welcome back.
          Aside from “adoring the Dictator”,I can confidently tell you that it was Sofia’s pen that exposed the true colors of your TPLF,its masters and mercenaries..

          • Thomas

            Hi Hope,

            Thank you. “Bezeben weyane zetsememe wey’ane enda’bele mote”. They were your nightmare, they still are and still will be until your buried to the ground. Ata eti riesikas akat di’u hizo sik elka kan weyane kitnuku tinebir:) Tim bel ri’eski akat! Men filet eluka!

          • Hope

            Sorry for biting you where it hurts the MOST!
            Halenghi EPLF yitrefdo ni beAl Tom and his masters,—it frustrated the entire world and its super powers .
            Tell me any other entity or nation ,which has achieved what the EPLF and its Eritrea have achieved.
            It has been the same tiny ERITREA,ERITREANS and its Leadership,which :
            -Have come out:as the Sole WINNERS
            -Have stood up TALLER and STRONGER
            -Have quarantined and buried 10FT underground the same enemies,which did their best capacity to bury Eritrea and Eritreans.
            Read after me the tinbite Isayas of 20th and 21st centuries:

            ‘Those,who have attempted to kill Eritrea and Eritreans are either DEAD and/or are dying and surely will die”.

      • iSem

        Saay and Thomas:
        Well comeback both

        If this was written in Oct 2013, a time many of us dubbed as the tipping point, if this was written when YG graced us or abused us with his romantics vs de-romantics depending what your Eri political orientation is, if this was written then, this article no matter where it appeared would have garneted a blunt rebut from many. But as you stated, we are tired exhausted, immunized to the shocking news. Desensitization wears of, but ours does not. It is permanent, seared and becoming a defining part of our identity.
        Our children will laugh at us, they will not quote us endearingly, our founding father said/wrote this or that to ensure that… They will laugh at the 30 years of you know what, as you aptly put it:. Those who refused to surrender to the might, surrendered to a senile man, they will call us a generation that allowed their children to drown, their founding fathers to perish in underground
        Thanks to FB and YouTube, he artefacts will be there for them, they will harvest it, no need to excavate the creeks in Sahel
        And no sir, how dear you say only countrymen. Politically incorrect, country people: countrymen and country women, the later who are supposed to be sober check, dance to the tune, the wishers they hear. I may add the zuria junkies, the ornament worshiping, the kobor junkies

      • Thomas

        Insightful!!

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Selam ato SAAY
        Man, you are sinking into the black hole of oblivion. Is this a match game of degenerative language? Zombies, crass, psychotic people, militia Taff, cult members, self-loathing…and the poignant language continues. Sorry, the man we once thought was somewhat rational and tolerant is sinking into oblivion faster than anyone would have expected. You don’t need tpo convince those who will clap at any word you utter. Now, you accuse us of lies. Here is a test for you. Bring any evidence that ties the State of Eritrea being financed or supported by the UAE or Saudi. This is my third challenge, stated differently to different interlocutors. If you want to volunteer for Qatar, that is up to you, but don’t lump up Eritrea together with Saudi Arabia and UAE. In the past, you volunteered spearhead the TPLF-led campaigns of demonizing Eritrea. You failed. You picked a fight with Bronwyn Burton, you failed. And the story of AMBASSADOR Sofia Tesfamariam is well known. You failed, Wayane (TPLF) has been made to pack and head to Mekele, and with it, the campaign of strangulating and isolating Eritrea has ceased. That is the story, in short.
        “”How can one debate with psychotic people?”
        You wrote. Well, psychosis is pathology; it is disease and needs psychotic people need more care and attention. Only an equally psychotic person would say such a thing. I don’t mean you are psychotic. I just mean, desperation is taking the better of yourself. You want to substitute facts by angry rants.

    • Blink

      Dear Thomas
      Welcome .

      • Simon Kaleab

        Selam Blink,

        Sophia is a low calibre and a very noisy Isaias groupie. She will be out of her depth at the UN, but is guaranteed to stick to the script given to her.

        • Blink

          Dear Simon
          Issias needs only someone who can stick to the script , that’s all what counts for PFDJ . I must admit she will be better than some of the past , her vocabulary would be some kind of a topic for weeks .

    • Thomas

      Woke for walk above

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam Awatistas,

    Our own Saay has an article recently posted at his website, Eritreadigest.com. It is a must read piece that talks about the 150 souls drown (most of them Eritreans) in the Mediterranean Sea. The regime who became the state ownership of our youth put them in to an indefinite servitude for decades. Saay described the action of the Eritrean diaspora on the plight of our youth like this : “Diaspora countrymen clicking their cameras at you, as if they are White Tourists visiting natives.” Very true. I recommend to read it. Thank you Aya Adi’U as usual.

    Regard

  • Haile S.

    ሰላም ሰብ ዓወተ፡

    ከበሳ ከበሳ ከበሳ
    ዋይ ዛ ከበሳ
    ምስ ሰምሃር ደንከልያ መታሕት ሰቲት ተጠኒሳ
    ኤርትራ ተባሂለን ምስ ኣሕዋታ ተሓዲሳ
    ብጣልያን ሓቢረን ተሓርሳ
    ብጻዕዳ ውሽማ ዝተወርሳ

    ኣቦኺ-ኣዴኺ ኣነ እየ ዝብል ነይርዋ ዘነኣእሳ ንከበሳ
    ጡበይ፡ ኢደይ ነኺስክኒ እናለ ዝዘልፋ ዝኸሳ
    ካብ ታሕቲ ስግር ሩባ ዝመጸ ጭቆንበሳ
    ሕጂ’ውን ይፈታተና ብትኒዕ ብሞሳ
    ደቃ ረጊጹ ባሕሪ ክኸይድ ክገፍፍ ዓሳ
    በዚን በትን ይብል ይጥዓስ፡ ኣሕ ይብል ከበሳ
    ይፈታተን ተ’ውሓደ ክቐትላ ብጥልመት ብጣዕሳ

    ወይዛ ከበሳ! እንታይ እያ ብኢሳ?
    ወዳ ብዘድክማ ዘሎ ስለዝበደለ ተነኣኢሳ!
    Highlanders ዳርጋ ጸርፊ ተቆጺሩ ከበሳ?
    ወዲ ሓውታ እንተዝኸውን ገዛኢኣ ኣሕመድ-ሙሳ
    ንሰምዖ ዘለና ክሲ ኣይምለወጠን ከበሳ ከበሳ ከበሳ
    መሰረት ፍልልይ ምስ እሕዋታ ዝፍታሕ ብድህሰሳ
    መሰረት ክሲ ከበሳ ግና ኣለዎ ብዙሕ ኣበሳ

  • Mahmud Saleh

    Selam All, Emma
    Emma loves to talk about “our social mistrust”. I don’t get it. There were some exchanges along this line, and I thought I needed to make the following point(s).
    Kebesa or Christian? Lowlanders or Muslims? Does the mistrust cut across the Eritrean people, or it is limited to the elite opposition class?
    If it is a problem that runs across the Eritrean people, is it an exceptionally Eritrean problem, or is it similar to the levels we find in many multicultural and multiethnic societies?
    A/ If it is exceptionally Eritrean, why? What do you think the solution is?
    SB/ If not, then why do we have to exaggerate it?
    My humble opinion: Eritrea is made up of nine linguistic groups and two major religions, Islam and Christianity. In most cases, power and resource sharing becomes the precipitating reason for social strife.
    e Eritreans have blended and bled together in their long history of struggle, which extends for more than 50 decades. This collective experience has resolved or modulated most of the social faultlines that afflict many countries. However, as a multicultural society, there will always be fissures. We can’t eliminate the fact that there will be clusterings of people into circles of religion and other cultural identifiers. Other identifying factors, such as regional affiliations, can be neutralized naturally, as the country’s economy improves where social and geographical mobility becomes a reality. Even in developing countries, ethnic and religious divides persist. The current politics in the USA and Europe is an example.
    l So why do we read such an exaggerated and recurrent tales of “social mistrust”?
    I think the reasons are as follows:
    A/ Folks have tried to unseat the government of Eritrea for the last three decades. They pursued the wrong strategies; thus, they failed.
    B/ They want to attribute their failures to lack of trust between Eritreans.
    C/ Instead of taking responsibility, they want to diffuse the responsibility of their failures to the Eritrean people. Hence, they tell us the problem is because of an exceptionally pronounced Eritrean problem. The mistrust indeed existed among the same key players in the opposition who have betrayed each other, time and again. Since they do not dare to admit failure, they have to tell us the reason why they failed is because of “social mistrust” that plagued Eritreans.
    D/ To state otherwise lacks evidence. Eritreans, in general, are better positioned to sort out problems related to their religious divide. They have done it in the past; they are doing it today. We should work to narrow the divides; we should not blow existing fissures out of proportion and as if it is occurring only in Eritreans

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Mahmuday,

      You have never been an honest debater. Where did I exaggerate the issue? Where did I say we are plagued with social mistrust? In fact I stressed it that I am hopeful that our mistrust of each other is not deep enough, that it is manageable if we admit the existence of it and address responsibly. How is this exaggerated?

      Second, you have said that there is alway “fissures” in multicultural society. So isn’t that reality of our country that I was trying to address it?

      Third, we can’t eliminate the clustering people in to religious circles and other identities. True. But when you can not administer the grievances, which are not yet, that became the context of our debate. The regime you are protecting is incapable to solve them. He thrives on those problems.

      Fourth, you told us our multicultural society is blended because of the struggle. (i) it is false (ii) we don’t struggle to blend it. We fought to be free and preserve their own cultures. Learn that this kind of line of thinking is the source of all contradictions in multicultural society everywhere.

      Fifth, as usual you live in a self-contradictory world. While you are admitting the existence of our religious divide and regional divides, you attack for those who raised those issues and who made a public call to address them. But then you need them for the regime to live on it. There is no other way the regime could survive.

      Sixth, the regime and the head of the state (your idol) is responsible to address them by admitting the existence of those issues but then aren’t those in themselves the causes of making them to stay in power this long? Then why should we expect to address them? May be this question may bring many “ahas”.

      Will continue….

      • Teodros Alem

        selam aman h
        Other than 1, self rule (starting from kebele to central gov), 2, making arabic and tigragn official language(working language) 3, separation of religion and a state. other than those 3,
        can u propose any other methods of administration that can solve the “mistrust” with out distracting the nation building?.

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Selam Emma
        Let me shorten it, because it appears, either you are terribly bad at comprehending what I write or you are deliberately misconstruing it.
        You are known for repeatedly expressing the notion that the “social mistrust” that you claim to be prevailing among Eritreans is hampering the ousting of PIA. Am I wrong?
        I’m saying “There is no exceptionally pronounced social mistrust” among Eritreans. The reason why they don’t follow you is because they are way smarter than how you would want to gauge them. And the mistrust is more pronounced between the few actors in the opposition. Just because those few actors could not come and unite, does not mean Eritreans are disunited. Is that clear?
        Coming to my comment, it follows the same logic.
        a/ Eritrea is a multi-religious and multicultural country, just like most countries in the world.
        b/The collective experience has placed Eritreans in a better position to modulate and mitigate the negative aspects that come with such social fissures. What this means is, even if we have some folks who want to fan discord among Eritreans, our shared sacrifices bind us more than they pit us against each other. The mistrust is found among the few elites who have been uniting and disuniting, forming umbrellas and then demolishing them; backstabbing each other, and so on. Own up to your failure, don’t try to diffuse it to the whole populace.
        c/ Therefore, we should be striving to narrowing whatever fissures that normally exist in societies such us ours. We should not exaggerate them; you should not attribute your failures to exaggerated “social mistrusts.
        Where is the contradiction, Mr. Coherent?
        Before I finish, let me remind you of the following. In 1990, Meles Zenawi conducted with a journalist by the name Paul Henze. In the interview, Meles Zenawi said that compared to Tigray, Eritreans will not be able to hold an independent country because they are divided equally between Christians and Muslims. Do I hear Meles echoes in your comments? Well, Eritrea foiled Meles’ sadist conspiracies. It will continue foiling emergent conspiracies. It will emerge united and stronger; it will establish the political and economic institutions that our martyrs envisioned when they took their last breath.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Mahmuday,

          Here is your words: “they told us the problem is because of an exceptionally pronounced problem”. Who told you of an “exceptionally pronounced problem”? Isn’t this a lie.

          – Didn’t you admit we have “fissures” whe you say “we will always have fissures”. Didn’t I spoke about the “fissures” that causes the existing mistrusts? where is the exaggerated?

          – Didn’t you admit the “religious divide” when you say “we are in a better position to sort out the religious divide.” Isn’t the mistrust become the causes of our religious divide? If you think it is not the mistrust that cause the religious divide? Then you have to tell us what are the causes of the divide? My friend the regime you defend is using our social and religious divide to stay in power by inoculating fears of each other in to the mind of our people.

          Mahmuday, you are a dishonest person that construe the comment of others by creating your own words and phrases. But then it is the political culture you grew up. You can’t challenge by quoting because you can’t.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ኤማ
            ፍልልይ ኣለና ምባል ገበን መዓስ ኮይኑ
            ኣለና ተበልካ ይጽየኑ

            ትዓማጺ ገዛኢ
            ባዕሉ ይፈላልየና
            ተመሊሱ ድማ ይውንጅለና
            ጸኒሑ ድማ ሓደ ህዝቢ ሓደ ልቢ ይብለና
            ተመሊሱ
            ሰብ ጨሓማት ረቢሾምና [ነስላም ንምውንጃል ዩ። ካልእ መግለጺ ዘለዎ ከይመስለኩም]

            ‘ቶም በሃማት ሰዓብቱ
            የጣቕዕሉ
            የማዕርግሉ
            ነቲ ውጹእ ሓሶት ሽፋን የግብርሉ
            ኣድጊ ከየተባህሉ
            ቦቒሎም ኣብ ዒሉ [ባቃ መዋእሎም]

            ንዓና ግን ቃንዛ ጅምረና

            ስለምንታይ ከምኡ ይብል ‘ተልካ
            ግምጥል ኢሉ ትሕተ-ሃገራዊ ይብለካ
            ፈላላይ ይብለካ
            ዲጂታል-ወያነ [እዚኣ ድማ ፋሽን ያ ትእዛዝ ከኣ ያይብለካ]
            ክድህለካ
            ክትፈልጥ ዘይደልየካ!

            ተሓቢኦም ድማ
            መግፍሒ-ፍልልይ ሓጻውን የርስኑ
            ትኪ ሓሶት የትክኹ ዜጋታት ክዓጥኑ
            ንዝቃወሞም ይውንጅሉ
            ይዝንጥሉ
            ፈላለይቲ ድማ ይብሉ

            ወዮ! ርእሰ-መማህራን-ፍልልይ ንሳቶም
            ንደላዪ ፍትሒ ክልጥፉ እቲ ናቶም
            የትኽኹ
            የምክኹ
            ከይደቀሱ ሓድሩ ክፍብርኹ (ኣይትሓዘለይ ‘ዛቃል ናይቲ ጨጋዕያ)
            ኣነ ዝገርመኒ ናይዞም ዘምልኹ
            ገፋዒ እከይ ግብሪ ዝባርኹ

            ስለዚ
            ግዜኻ ተዘይጥፋእካ
            ይሕሸካ
            ኮለል ኣይትበል ምስ ኮለል ዝብሉ
            ኮለል ዘብሉ
            ፋይዳ ነይብሉ

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Mehands Maeballe,

            Your advice is well taken. Thank you.

          • Semere Tesfai

            ሰላም መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            “‘ቶም በሃማት ሰዓብቱ
            የጣቕዕሉ – የማዕርግሉ
            ነቲ ውጹእ ሓሶት – ሽፋን የግብርሉ
            ኣድጊ ከየተባህሉ – ባቃ መዋእሎም – ቦቒሎም ኣብ ዒሉ”

            ዋእ!
            ኣንታ መሃንድስ – ብሓቂ ዲኻ መሃንድስ?
            ዝዘረባኻኮ፡ ኣፍ-ደገ ስኢናሉ
            ካን፡ መእተዊን መውጽኢን ዘይብሉ።
            ……………. በል ሓዘኒ …………..
            ብክልላዊ ፍልስፍና ወያነ ተጠመቕኩም – ‘ስኹም ደለይቲ ፍትሒ
            ብብሄር ብዓልየት ትዉደቡ – ‘ስኹም ደለይቲ ፍትሒ
            ብሃይማኖት ብወገን ትዉደቡ- ‘ስኹም ደለይቲ ፍትሒ
            ርእሰ-ዉሳነ ስጋብ ምግንጻል ኢልኩም ….
            ትዉደቡን ትጉስጉሱን ትጭርሑን – ‘ስኹም ደለይቲ ፍትሒ
            ……………….. ከይሓፈርኩም …………..
            እሰያስ ይፈላልየና ‘ሎ ኢልኩም ተቑጨምጭሙ – ‘ስኹም ደለይቲ ፍትሒ
            ናይ ጠንቂ ምፍልላይ ከሰስትን ወንጀልትን ባዕልኹም – ‘ስኹም ደለይቲ ፍትሒ
            ‘በል ስከ፡ ንግደ ሓቂ
            መን ‘ዩ፡ ናይ ማሕበራዊ ምፍልላይ መምህር?
            መን ‘ዩ፡ ፖለቲካ ዓሌት ሃይማኖት ኣውራጃ፡ ክፍብርኽ ዝሓድር?
            ………. በልካ ድማ …………..
            ሰዓብቲ ህግደፍ፡ ‘ዞም ደናቁር በሃማት
            ስቓይ ህዝቦም ዘርድኦም፡ ደናቁር ጸማማት
            ሰብ ክመሃር ክስልጥን፡ ንሶም ዘይምዕብሉ
            መሬት ዓሪብዎም ኣድጊ ከይተባሕሉ
            ይዋኣዮም ከይዓበዩ፡ ንዘልኣለም ዒሉ።
            … ‘ሞ – ምስ ‘ዚ ኩሉ “ፍልጠትኩም” ……
            ብባሃማት ወግሐ-ጸብሐ፡ ትሳዓሩ ‘ተ ኮንኩም
            ህድማን ስደትን፡ ‘ተኾይኑ ዓቕምኹም
            ምኽዳምን ኣብ ስደት ምቑዛምን፡ ‘ተኾይኑ ክእለትኩም
            ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዳኣ ‘ሞ፡ ካብ ምንዓቕ ሓሊፉ፡ ‘ታይ ክብለኩም?

            ሰመረ ተስፋይ

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            መዓልካ ሰመረ

            ኣንታ ሰመረ
            ካን! ኮፍ ኣቢልካይ ብጥረ
            ከይጸጸኻ
            ድርብይ ተብል ቲ ዝ ሃቡኻ
            ስኻስ ምሁር ኢኻ

            ‘ትዝወሃበካስ ኔሩኳ ‘ዶ ከተንብቦ?
            ውጽእ-ሓሶት ምዃኑ ክትግንዘቦ
            ኣብ ክንዲ ዓኽ-ጡፍሲ ኣብ ማህደርካ ክትምዝግቦ

            ተሰዲድኩም ‘ዶ በልካ
            ከደምቲ ‘ዶ በልካ
            መቘዘመዘምት ‘ዶ በልካ
            ዝኹሉስ ካብ ሓደ ምሁር ከምዝከማኻ

            በልስ’ከ ሓደ-ሓደ

            እሞ ‘ታ ስደት ደኣ ምስና ‘ኳ ኢኹም ዘለኹም
            ትምኽዳም ‘ተኾይኑ ደኣ ኣበይ ተናጊፍኩም
            ደሓር ድማ ትምቘዝምዛም
            ተደመርና ምስበለኩም
            ክትግዕሩ ዶ ኣይጀመርኩም
            ንምኻኑ ‘ኳ ከምሰብ ዘይቆጽረኩም
            [ለኣኺኹም ማለተዩ መታን ክንጽር]

            ወያነ ወያነ ወያነ
            ዓሰርተ ግዜ ወያነ
            ካልእ ቃል ከምዝተሳእነ?

            ረሲዐዮ’ባ ኔረ ሎምስ ተቐይሩ

            ናብ ዲጂታል ወያነ
            [ሰሓቕ ሞይተ]

            ወያነ ኣብዩና ዶብ ምንጻር
            ዶ ዋላስ ምምታር

            ተባሂሉ
            ዳርጋ ዕስራ ዓመታት ምግታር

            ዘረባ የብልናን ምስ ወያነ
            ከምዘይበሃል ዝነበረ

            ሎሚ
            ሓላፊኹም ሓላዊ ዲጋ ዓደ-ሃሎ
            ትበዓል ብዙሕ-ኣፍ ቃሕ ከምዝበሎ

            ኣይከሰርናን
            ዶብ ምሕናጻጽ ኣይስራሕናን
            ኣየድልየናን
            ኣይቀዳምነትናን
            [በቃ ውንዝፍ ካ በላ]

            ግምት ኣይንሃቦ
            ኣፉ ዝኸፈተ ‘ዛ በትረይ ኣብ ዝባኑ ከይትዓልቦ
            ምስ በለኩም
            ካን ኣስቂጥኩም
            ‘ቶም ይኣክል ዘይበልኩም
            ማለተይ ‘ዩ

            ሃገር ብሃገራ ‘ዳተሸጠት
            ኣብ ቅድሚ ዓይንኹም ‘ዳጠፈኣት
            እንታይ ‘ዩ ዝግበር ዘሎ ከይትብሉ
            ኣብዚ ሰብ ኮለል ተብሉ

            ሕሉፋት ሃገራውያን!

            ኣብ ክንዲ ምስ ሃገር ምስ ሓደ ሰብ ኣይ ፍቕሪ
            ሃገር ትጥፋእ ይንበረልና ወዲ ኣፎም ብሪ
            ንሱ ኣንበሳ ዓሻኽሩ ነብሪ
            ተኻኢሉ ተባሂሉ ‘ኳ ‘ዩ። መስደመም!

            ደቂ ማሕበር ንሕና-ንሱ
            ኣብ ዓይኒ ሓላዊ-ዲጋ ዓዲ ሃሎ
            !ካልእ ሰብ የለን ብጀካ ዝጨጋዕ ኢሱ
            ንሱ ልቡ ይሃርም [ብታሕጓስ] ንስኻትኩም ትፈልሱ
            ገዛ ዓድቦኹም ተፍርሱ
            ግን: ከምቶም የሓዋትኩም ደለይቲ ፍትሒ
            ሓመድኩም ትልሕሱ

            ስለምንታይ
            ኣብ ክለብ ንሕና ንሱ
            ካልእ ስለዘይፍቅድ ብጀካ ኢሱ
            መዓስ ኢኹም ትበራበሩ
            ፕሮግራም ከምተገብሩ
            ሮባት ክትመስሉ
            ኤእ ነውሪ ‘ለዎ

          • Semere Tesfai

            ሰላም መሃንድስ ምዕባለ

            ‘ቲ ከመሓላልፎ ዝደለኹ መልእክቲ እዚ ‘ዩ። ምቅዋም፡ ንማን ሰብ ክንፈጎ ዘይብሉ መሰል ‘ዩ። ግን፡ ናይ ኣረኣእያ ፍልልያትና ብዘየገድስ ኩሉሳዕ – ንከባበር፡ ኣይንነዓዓቕ፡ ኣይንደፋፈር፡ ነሕዋትና ኣይነናሹ/ኣይነቃልል፡፡ ምኽንያቱ ተኸባቢርካ ‘ዩ ዓዲ ዝኽወን፡ ንምባል እየ መሊሰልካ።

            ይቕረታ፡ ናይ ግጥሚ ምግጣም ዓቕመይ ትሑት ‘ዩ – ብፍላይ ሓሳበይ ክገልጽ ምስ ዝደሊ። ኩሉ ብተራ ኣዘራርባ ‘ዩ ዝቐለለይ። ብኡ ምኽንያት ‘የ ድማ ብተራ ኣዘራርባ ዝምልሰልካ/ኪ ዘለኹ።

            Thank you for engaging, and thank you for all the respect

            ሓውኻ/ኺ ሰመረ ተስፋይ

          • Mahmud Saleh

            ሰላም ሰመረ
            ማንቲለ ዘሊላ፡ ዘሊላ ናብ መሬት እያ። ለቕለቕትን ኣዳኸርትን ድማ ሓይሎም ውሱን እዩ፡ ኣብ ነብሰ -ምትዕብባይን ምውርዛይን ኣብ ረኣዩለይ-ስምዑለይ እዩ ሓይሎም። ከምዘን ኣባግዕ እኽብክብ እንተዘይ’ሎም ሙቐትን ኣይረኽቡን። ክንደይ ማንቲለታትን ሓዊ ለይቶን ርኢና ኢና ኣብዚ ፎረም’ሞ ተኸታተል ጥራይ። But you are right my friend. This is a war in another form. Disguised behind the vilification of PIA and PFDJ is Wayane’s long term goal to make Eritrea its backyard playground. It will not happen. The fight continues.

          • Semere Tesfai

            Selam Mahmud Saleh

            Mahmuday: This is the thing that always comes to my mind:

            The know it all brainiacs here at Awate are calling the PFDJits ZOMBIES every single day – በሃማት in the words of መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ. And for the sake of argument, let’s say they right. But here’s the rub:

            If the the PFDJits are dead-soul walking zombies, and if these dead-soul walking zombies are beating the opposition brainiacs in every turn, I know the PFDJits would still be Zombies. But what would the opposition brainiacs be? Just curious!

            ግን ተሓሰብካዮ ነገሩ – ከብቲ ‘ሞ ከይደን/ተወሲደን ‘የን፡ እንተ ጸርፊ ግን ዝገደፍናሉ ‘ብልናን፡ ‘ዩ ነገሩ።

            Ya Aziz: it is a pleasure to read you and to see you around. You are very valuable to many of us. Please keep the good work. Thanks.

            Semere Tesfai

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Selam Semere
            The respect is mutual, thank you. You made a good argument. And now a prominent brainiac of the opposition, ustaz SAAY, is complaining why Sophia Tesfamariam has been appointed UN representative of Eritrea. The first question should have been why Sophia Tesfamariam prevailed in the first round of fight. While folks lke SAAY were presenting Eritrea as a terror-sponsoring state and as a regional threat, Sophia was fighting against the unjust US sponsored policies of strangulation. We were telling them from the beginning that their strategies had nothing to do with establishing democracy in Eritrea because history is full of example which show that sanctions and isolation do not bring regime change but hurt nations. Well, I wish her success; she represents me. And then you face these contradictory positions: on one hand they tell us Eritrea is a one-man estate and that he is the worst dictator. They could not even take my suggestion that PIA was an honest dictator. And on the other hand, saay complains why PIA appoints ” the crudest, crass, most vulgar woman Eritrea produced to a post that requires finesse, refinement, sophistication, prudence, and intellect.” Well, if he believes Eritrea is Africa’s North Korea he should not be surprised.
            Ajaib biela shaib

          • Peace!

            Hi Mahmuday,

            Just curious ንምንታይ ኢኻ ንቲ ግፍዒን መቕተልትን ናይ ህግደፍ ጎሲኻዮ ትሓልፍ. If being extremely loyal to DIA and defend his heinous crimes considered prevailing, then the term must have different meaning. The ironic is that Sofia defended the crimes not against international community, but against Eritreans. And here you are siding with her and mercenary Bruton.

            Peace!

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Peace,

            ከመይ ኢሉ ተሓድሽካ:: He has been defending the regime and it’s policy throughout the years. Didn’t he accused us of vilifying the despot? He is another face of Sofia Tesfamariam. No difference between the two when it comes defending the policy of the regime.

            Regards

          • Peace!

            Hi Emma,

            It sounds as long as the Oppositions/Weyane failed, we are fine with everything the dictator has done and entails to do. Praising Sofia and her record is a very good example. ኣድጊ ንቲ ጽዕነታ ተብጽሖ እምበር ኣይትበልዖን. When it comes to PFDJ, the end of being loyall or a good servant is either jail or death.

            Peace!

          • Thomas

            Hi Amma,

            I am human. When it come to those stinky pfdjs, I can smell them from very far away. They are rotten – good for nothing!

          • Peace!

            Hi Thomas,

            Welcome back. Man! where did you go 🙂

            Peace!

          • Thomas

            HI Peace,

            I have to admit you are one of the most people that I missed. I hope everything is well with you. I have read your comments here. You were impressive…

          • Peace!

            Hi Thomas,

            Likewise. Your absence felt big time 😂.

            Peace!

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Aman,

            Sophia is an authentic or bona fide advocate of the regime and the despot in particular. Long time ago, I debated her with her through e-mail exchanges on the differences between the ELF and EPLF. She was as hard as granite rock regarding her commitment to Isayas as a person and his regime. Thus, I won’t compare her to some who debate in this forum simultaneously supporting and opposing the regime under thick fog of hypocrisy.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Ismailo,

            Like yourself I have debated with her in 2000 at Asmarino.com through our emails; that is before the regime gave an order to leave the website to its supporters. Actually, one time she wrote an article in response to my article titled as “A response to Amanuel Hidrat Hawey”. She was rude and apolitical in her response. Mahmuday only differs in his decency from her. Otherwise both speak from the same manual book and the same instructions from the top.

            Regards

          • Hope

            Selamat Peace:
            Have you ever read or listened to the same Mahmuday on the Social Media if we are talking about the same Mahmuday?
            If you expect him to curse or insult the regime leadership like me and u do,well that would be unfair!
            My point:
            He is one of the very few EPLFites,who showed us the real guy and courage to protest against and criticize the PGDJ Regime!
            There is an old new movement of the old EPLFites working underground to expedite the removal of the cancer and Mahmuday officially told us that he is part of the Group!
            Mahmuday’s and his likes have a clear cut agenda and vision:
            To keep the real EPLF Agenda of keeping Eritrea ONE and STRONG so that the old EPLF Spirit shall not be HIJACKED by the TOLF -sponsor

          • Berhe Y

            Hi MS,

            I think you tell so many lies to yourself, you actually started to believe them.

            1) SAAY has never advocated or endorsed the Sanctions on Eritrea which was sponsored by Ethiopia / Melles Zenawi. In fact the AT, if I recall in their editorial stated that it was done for the wrong reason i.e. not for the injustice that’s inflicted against the ERITREAN people.

            2) Sophia Tesfamariam have not prevailed. She tried for 9 years to lift the sanctions and nothing happened. The sanctions were put by Ethiopia/ Melles with support of AU (Somalia and Djibouti and the US / Suzan Rice). It was removed by Dr. AAA with support of Somalian president, and Saudi Arabia, UAE and the US government. She has nothing to do with it.

            3) SAAY and the many others like him (including me), the fight against IA controlled Eritrea has always been, and always will be for justice and the rule of law in Eritrea. SAAY, although he never made it personall or about him, but three generation of his clips family, his father, his brother and his niece were in jail.

            If you were in his position what do you expect him to do. Cheer for IA because he is an honest dictator? You think this is joke, but please for a second, be in their shoes.

            SAAY and many others like him, supported the testimony of ERITREANs with their own words, the abuse they have endured by your “honest dictator” in their own country by their own people. If you have some sense of honesty and dignity, you think of those young people, the young women who are sexually, physically and mentally abused, you think about the young men, who are tortured, shot at and killed by their own people in their own country. You look at your own children that you are very proud off in their eyes (and you should fit their achievements) and think, like a father, like a brother, like former tegadalay who was ready to give his life and the least you can do us feel sorry.

            You don’t come and celebrate, the most pathetic person, Sophia Tesfamariam appointments to the UN as a victory.

            She was never in the scene during Eritrea’s war with Ethiopia, when Saleh was fighting like no other ERITREAN in his position can.

            She come out to fight for IA, after the arrest and the killing of the G15 and the journalists, to cleanse IA bloody hands.

            The fight is not over, this is just the beginning. You should read SAAY and company campaign against the dictator.

            Berhe

          • Nitricc

            Hi Berhe; I doubt you get this one but nothing is surprising. You are slow and dumb by nature but SAAY is an American. He works, he lives and he pays his taxes to the United States of America. He has neither right nor obligation what goes on in Eritrea. This applies to you too but you are just what you are simply stupid. What I don’t get is why can’t you people manage your miserable modern slavery life instead of worrying about anything?

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Nitric,

            You know Hangol Derho is too much an honour for you. You are actually Hangol hamema.

            It’s simple. It’s called having a “concise”, you know the voice that speaks to. You do not have it or you ignore it but the rest of us don’t.

            Berhe

          • saay7

            Berhe 😄

            The enda hgdef and their fellow travelers lie so casually that half the time they don’t even remember the previous lies they had told.

            1. When they wanted to justify their disappearance of Dawit Isaak (who has dual citizenship of Swedish and Eritrean) they told the Swedes this doesn’t concern you because he is Eritrean.

            2. When they want to dismiss the opinion of others with Eritrean and secondary identity, they strip them of it:). Same criteria but the citizen is a supporter of their cruelty, he or she is an uber nationalist and may even become an ambassador.

            3. When they read the 1995 proclamation on national service which defines service is applicable to all Eritreans (like the Israel national service, whether Inside or outside the country) above age 18, they exempt themselves (and their children) from it. But when the same proclamation is rounding up underage Eritreans, they applaud it.

            4. When they read the proclamation on citizenship which says anyone whose mother or father is Eritrean by birth or ancestry is automatically Eritrean, they ignore it and say “Eritreanism is not by heritage but by deeds….and we will define what those deeds are”. They think citizenship is a visa granted and denied by the whim of a dictator and all his bleating sheep.

            Like I said, this is the post-Isaias cultural debris of ignorance, hypocrisy and falsehood that awaits us. Isaias and PFDJ will wither away by act of God or man.

            saay

          • Ismail Ahmad

            Selam saay,

            I think you are missing key matter. They won’t make good surrogates if they wouldn’t be also good at repeating lies after the supreme boss. Lying is at othe core of value system that sustain absolutist regimes; there is no moral or virtue in a system that depend on repression and fear mongering as strategy to impose submission on the people. Watch how Sophia will perform in front of representatives of world governments in transmitting lies of the regime.

          • Hope

            Welcome back SAAY!
            Was a bit disappointed when you BANNED me from your blog/eritreadigest.com,which is fine and NOT a big deal but you made tons of sense about the PFDJ Modus Operandi.
            I see things from two different angles about Sofia:
            I credit and appreciate her when she
            – defends Eritrea as a Nation and specially against the Sanction Regime and its Engineers,the hanquelti TPLF included in particular and the over all enemies of Eritrea and Eritreans;and on this regard,I equate her role and contribution with your 1998-2000 Pen against the TPLF and the Ethos.

            As much as I criticized you about some of “your seemingly unconstructive” arguments and your support on the Eritrea Sanction,I equally criticized her on being silent and indifferent about the suffering of Eritreans and the injustice against them by the one-man-system.

            Granted,she is an Eritrean Citizen and Intellectual with more than enough credentials and contribution for Eritrea and she has enough ability to represent Eritrea at the UN and it is my belief that she will prob do better at the UN in defending Eritrea’s interest including dealing with the USA .

            I know she does not have an official diplomatic resume but she has been a de facto Spokesperson of the GoE at different levels and capacity .

            I consider her more than the Nikki Hailey of the USA.

            I know that she is a staunch defender of IA and his Dogma /Policies but I consider this as her weak point ,not as a case against her ability and post to represent Eritrea at the UN.
            Let us see ;and time will tell as to how she will do and we will certainly challenge her now that she is officially an official of the PFDJ GOVT.

            When some us of challenged her in DC and MN,I believe,about the hot issues that you lamented about,she claimed that she was not a PFDJ GOVT OFFICIAL and she cannot speak on behalf of the PFDJ GOVT!

            If you noticed, her focus has been ,for the most part,on Eritrea National Security interest and against the TPLF and its backers and its mercenaries minus some unconstructive approaches and unnecessary name callings and somehow ,lack of an in-depth knowledge or lack of experience about the Eritrean Political and Armed Struggle .

            Unfortunately,based on history,IA,at the end will dump her her anyway and she will realize that ,if at all he stays longer to do so .

            It is unfair to expect from her an official and public negative statements about the PFDJ GOVT and its Leadership as that will be a suicidal act and she would suffer the fate of your case scenario.
            If we expect her to abandon the regime and say and act against the regime, that is her call and right to do either way .
            But I thought fighting for Eritrea also can be done, like most patriotic and Nationalist Eritreans do,while remaining part of the current system!
            Just my opinion.

          • saay7

            Hey Berhe:

            Thanks! Ok to pivot the attention away here a bit:

            Helen Pawlos (who sings in Tigrayif Amharic Tigrinya Arabic) was being interviewed about her influences. She spoke about how the great artist Idris M Ali was her mentor in Tigrayit; how she considers him like her dad; what projects they were working on; and how she hopes they will be reunited soon.

            Nowhere in the interview does the interviewer or the subject talk about why she can’t; where Idris is now; is he alive or dead.

            So, the culture the order-takers celebrate is one where one doesn’t even ask about the murdered, disappeared, exiled. That’s their idea of good citizenship. If you don’t broach topics your government doesn’t want you to, you are a patriot and a good subject. If you aggressively defend such inhumanity with defamation (ጂሃድ እዩ ኢሎሞ), irrelevant info (ቅድሜኻ ንፈልጦ ንዓይ ይቐርበኒ), or change the subject (weyane, weyane, weyane) then you may, like Sophia, he promoted to the position of Eritrea’s face and voice to the world.

            never mind the militia Taff and the order takers. Given their current stand, it is entirely possible they could just as easily have been Derg and Haileselasse soldiers: they are just in love with authoritarianism and obeying orders and are incapable of free thought.

            saay

          • Desbele

            Thanks Berhe

            “There are gonna be a core set of values that shouldn’t be up for debate. Should be our north star.” Barack Obama.

            MS wants us to compromise those core values, “Justice” at the top, for the sake of his endless excuses. Nope, we will not stop. The likes of Saay make the “North Star” visible, accessible, achievable. They are stars who lead to the “North Star”.

          • saay7

            Selamat Desbele:

            Thanks buddy. Some people are just prone to stick to the side that’s winning and they have no principles at all, and not even a personality: they remind me of the vehicles that had the ተሳቢ license plates when I was growing. What do they believe? Whatever Isaias believes. It’s demarcation one day peace consolidation the next day; limited national service one day, indefinite the next day; game over one day, game on the next day; drowned Eritreans changed my life one day, drowned Eritreans are just things that happen the next day.

            And the word “justice” terrifies them like garlic does to vampires which is why they constantly change the subject whenever it’s mentioned. Because even the ተሳቢ (except the hardcore Isaiasists) cant bring themselves up to say there is justice in Eritrea. So they will just list injustices in the rest of the world or catalogue their weird reasons blaming everyone but the criminals for the crimes.

            What a terrible way to live.

            saay

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ሰላማት ሰዓይ ቁጽሪ ሸውዓተ/ደስበለ

            ሰብ ዝነገሰ ንጉስና
            ዝበረቐ ጸሓይና
            ኣብ ተሳቢ
            ተጻዒና

            ሰሓቢት ናበይ ከምትወስዳ ዘላ ዘይትፈልጥ
            ተሰሓቢት ተዛሪባ ዘይተስልጥ
            ግብሪ ተባህለቶ ትገብር
            ኣገልግሎታ ምሰብቀዐት ትድስክል
            ወይ ትእሰር
            ወይድማ ብዘይ ቀባሮ ትቕበር
            ብጾታ ይፈዙ ይኾኖም ምስትንክር

            መን ክነግሮም ትሚስጥር
            ጽባሕ ናብኦም ስለዝኾነ
            ሕቶ ኣይትሕተት ተባህለካ ግበር
            ዘሕዝን ናብራዩ ናይ ተሳቢ ነገር
            ሰኣን ካብ ሰሓቢት ምምሃር
            ፋይል ይዕጾ ብ ዘኢትነገር

            ትእዛዝ ‘ዩ

          • Thomas

            Hi Saay,

            I do not think they get a chance to talk in person to the “adi hallo” dictator. I think people like MS are computing to see if there are available positions such as what they call in Amharic “Telalaki” positions. Imagine what the Monkey and that Osman are doing. They carry the sealed envelop from DIA all the way and get to take a picture while handing it:) Except for the Japanise older dude, all are not allowed to utter a thing.

          • Peace!

            Hi Thomi

            I think the MS’s thing is a bit confusing on one hand, when he was sober, you see him sympathizing with Eritreans and on the other hand, strangely enough, you seem him defending the PREVAILING DIA’s Kedamit Sofia. My guess is that he is back to hanging out with his hard core PFDJista friends he just stops by for last call and poor Emma opens the door for him 🙂

            Peace!

          • Thomas

            Hi Peace Arkey,

            Anta Selam arkey, ezi wedi ko neten zetegadelen ashrifu wedi’uwen ci kilikah gemiru:) I think he could have done much better than hanging out with lairs and criminals. I think “fewisomo mesleni”. I think he might have visited “adi halo” got that “hemli kosta”. hahahaha

          • Peace!

            Hi Thomi,

            ምሽራፍ ድኣ ድሓን እንድዩ ይጨርመን ኣሎ እምበር

            Peace!

          • Thomas

            hahahaha, you are really killing me. That is really funny!

          • Thomas

            Hi Peace,

            Mukan e’ka hekika eka. Enda higdef rekiska bara msbelwo m’chram msjemere eu ko:) Daher ki’a Yirda’ani eu ko zeyechrm do rekibo elkayo.

          • Peace!

            Hi Thomas,

            Lol…check this out ሓደ ናብ ኒስትሮ ከይዱ እዛ ጫማ ጅሮ ብኽንደይ ኢኻ ትሰፍያ ምስበሎ እቲ ኒስትሮ ኻኣ 10 ናቕፍ በሎ what! ወይለይ መደንዘዚ ወጊእካ ዲኻ ክትሰፍያ.

            ሕጂ ኻኣ ህግደፍ ንቶም ሳዓብቱ ብዘይ መደንዘዚ ጅሮ ሰፊዎም እዪ ዘይምድካም ይሓይሽ ::

            Peace!

          • Thomas

            LOL, yes indeed nigeli’om bkasotn, btsifi’etn, bdengolan adenzizwom dihilwom nigeli’om ki’a Afom bjiro sefi’wom! Gidefo ba ni’zom kezabat ci!

          • Blink

            Dear Berhe
            Pls pls , save yourself from disgrace , Saay was and still is the number one supporter of sanction from my own understanding , he was hunting from every corner of the UN documents to justify the guilt on Eritrea. Even he suggested like this

            “I would go a bit further and say it practically begged the Security council to sanction it“.
            Is a lie or a game I don’t intend to paraphrase anymore .

            Even he has a game he used to play like game on and game over . I am looking for his new game.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Blink,

            If he said that “the PFDJ begged the UN to sanction it”, then he is absolutely correct.

            I know you want to turn this to useless argument and counter argument, but what’s wrong with that reasoning.

            Berhe

          • Blink

            Dear Berhe
            No no I am just implying that he has been saying too many and too much about the sanction . You don’t need to defend saay on this .

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Blink (ministry of information & president office),

            I am sure you have been searching your archives on Saay for the past 10 years and you can’t find a single sentence to indicate that, that he said “Saay was presenting Eritrea as terror-sponsoring state and regional threat”. It’s not the same commenting or giving his opinion. In fact he was saying the opposite, sanctions and labels are hard to come off once put in place and it will impact Eritrea for forseable future (which is absolutely correct). It took 10 years and if it was not the change of government in Ethiopia, they were still be there, Sophia or NO Sophia.

            I think MS and probably ST are also on a hunt googling for the past three days and still can’t find anything to come back.

            It’s easy, he never said it and it doesn’t exist. It is easier to say, SORRY, I made a mistake.

            Berhe

          • Blink

            Dear berhe
            No no I did not but as I told you before I am implying.

          • Saleh Johar

            Blink,
            Though I suspected, i always gave you the benefit of the doubt. These days you removed the camouflage and are being your true pfdjite. Not that I care, but a fair game Requires honesty. At least now many of us know without a doubt, who we are dealing with. And since clarity helps, I am for sanctioning the Junta ruling Eritrea.

          • Blink

            Dear SG
            Nor do I ask recognition from you or anyone to oppose PFDJ but let’s be honest , You are saying I must repeat what every you said about PFDJ or Eritrea , No sir I don’t do that . You can’t really stand here and tell people this and that about opposing PFDJ , can you ? Pls state the precondition you held dearly in opposing PFDJ so that at least I can consider to look what the hell is the standard you choose .

            Sanctions I opposed any type of sanctions every where because I do think it doesn’t work for the pooor people and it doesn’t held the elite political animals of any country. Sanctions are meant to make ordinary people suffer and I oppose the awate team article of “ YES TO SANCTIONS “ sanctions are against anyone but not the powerful.

            You wanted to defend saay or you wanted me to support the weyane manufactured sanction. Meles told his 100% parliament that the aim is to punish Eritrea by isolating it from 1. Igad 2. African Union 3. UN and to do that he has people from the so elite opposition like saay to work for them and that kind of work is not opposing PFDJ in my book.

          • Hope

            Selam Berhe:
            While i respect your opinion and you are entitled to it,you MAY not be entitled to your own facts as fcats are UNIVERSAL,not subjective.
            From aspect,your statements are fraudulent or unsubstantiated specillay the following ones:
            “) SAAY has never advocated or endorsed the Sanctions on Eritrea which was sponsored by Ethiopia / Melles Zenawi and AU. In fact the AT team, if I recall in their editorial stated that it was done for the wrong reason i.e. not for the injustice that’s inflicted against the ERITREAN people.

            2) Sophia Tesfamariam have not prevailed. She tried for 9 years to lift the sanctions and nothing happened. The sanctions were put by Ethiopia/ Melles with support of AU (Somalia and Djibouti and the US / Suzan Rice). It was removed by Dr. AAA with support of Somalian president, and Saudi Arabia, UAE and the US government. She has nothing to do with it.”

            I could have challenged your words one by one factually but I do not want to be in trouble if u understand what I mean.

            ” The sanctions were put by Ethiopia/ Melles with support of AU (Somalia and Djibouti and the US / Suzan Rice)”.

            Correct but what did you say or do about these facts you accidentally admitted or confirmed,other than celebrating their evil agenda and acts?

            That is Exactly what Amb Sofia T said and did—i.e,after confirming what you confirmed,she exposed and chased them and their lies for NONE but for the BEST INTEREST of ERITREA and ERITREANs,not just for the Dictator’s interest.

            That is the difference between you and SAAY on one side /and from Ms Sofia Tesfamariam form the other end/aisle.
            I now she said and did bad things as a Human Being and as a partisan/PFDJ Supporter,which is her “right”.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Hope,

            On the weekend, please provide the link that shows Awate.com sponsoring the petitions and specifically Saay.

            Then we can talk about your facts. I am not going to google it for you. MS and now you are the one accusing so own it and prove it. Otherwise it’s a lie and by extension you are also lying.

            Other than that you can celebrate your ambassador, ab meAkorka wetifa.

            As to the sanctions for me, Melles created a trap and IA just fall for it. Suzan Rice was saying, Eritrea needs to be sanctioned so it does not have the ability to raise money and start a war in the region back in 2000.

            Sofia and IA are studied fir testing the US resolve and hosting and supporting the US/UN wanted Somalian leaders.

            Berhe

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Berhe,

            Don’t even waste your time to these guys. They are here to blackmail to those who oppose the regime. The guy accused me of prescribing ethnic federalism for Eritrea. Those who read my articles know very well that I didn’t. My articles are open to the public still in Awate archive (under tebeges). Sure what I suggested for my readers in particular and to the Eritrean people in general was “Decentralized Unitary government” with the administration units of the Eritrean provinces. The same thing with Saay they will try to fabricate a story to blackmail him. They are strictly following from the political books of EPFDJ. Don’t waste your time with such people.

            Regards

          • Hope

            Berhe:
            You are r the one defending those,who have been Pro-Sanctions and the proof of burden is on you.
            Here is what I know:
            “The awate.com and the “asmarino”.com were at the forefront in sponsoring of the petitioning for those Sanctions.

            We argued about this issue and the awate.com’s response was that they were against the Arms Embargo but were Pro-Targeted sanctions,whatever it means.”.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Hope,

            Enkikil, you are the one who is accusing, then the burden of proof is on. Siq Ella hateftef, nezi zeytfeliT.

            SaEnKa maEre egriKa. So Eritrea should pay the price to save the Somali leadership?

            Why Eritrea? Why not Sudan, Yemen, SA, Kenya? Why should Eritrea sacrifice for it.

            If we have a country that’s run by rule I’d law, and we gave a parliament that decides what’s good and bad for the country, this will never have happened.

            I am not supporting their invasion of Somalia, or the war on terror but Eritrea have no capacity or no moral obligation to correct that.

            Anyway you have nothing to show. Go celebrate with the Tomam ambassador, beAlti Qele diya / Zar.

            Berhe

          • Blink

            Dear Berhe
            Why are you acting weird? I mean saay supported sanction and gave reason for it and his reason was Djibouti and Somalia just what Weyane were saying and now what ?

          • Berhe Y

            Blink,

            I ignored your previous response because you had nothing to show that he supported. You said he “implied”. I didn’t bother to argue with you because there is no point.
            Now because I said nothing, you changed from “implied” to “supported”.

            Can you shout me what he supported?

            Berhe

          • Blink

            Dear berhe
            Just like
            “1.Eritrea started war with Yemen
            2. Eritrea started war with Sudan
            3. Eritrea started war with Ethiopia
            4. Eritrea started war with Djibouti
            5. Eritrea helped Al shebab”

            All these points were part of his game over and game on but you refuse to admit and there is no point to go back and forth on this because what you wanted is not the evidence .

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Blink,

            One correction. Replace Eritrea with Isayas, and I agree with all your points and they are all true.

            Now which part of these is false or wrong?

            Berhe

          • Blink

            Dear Berhe
            The war with Yemen was started by Yemen , the war with weyane was started by weyane by first shooting Eritreans who were going to meet a weyane people on good faith not only that weyane demolitions ዓዲምሩግ Admin way before the killings of Eritrean soldiers plus Eritrea never ever declared war while Meles did openly and used disproportionately in to the Badme kick off . Djibouti thing was all about weyane game plan nothing more .
            The 1994 with Sudan was all about a terrorist organization who tried to dislodge the newly settled government in Eritrea and put Eritreans in to the mercy of terrorist .

            Saay was all wrong about this and you wanted to join him , do it but one thing sure , the sanction was illegal by all means and the PFDJ idiots were never sanctioned but Eritreans did . Berhe by now you know we are talking about History not necessarily important for any side . What exactly did PFDJ do differently for the UN to remove the sanction? You and saay can’t find one reason that PFDJ did and didn’t. It happens all because weyane lairs and evil deceitful system got destroyed and so do the anger we are experiencing.

            You never saw Eritrea away from PFDJ .

          • Blink

            Dear Berhe
            No that’s not the case . You see , you are simply flipping the issue. The issue is saay is a supporter of a sanction and it is just simple. You wanted to defend him pls don’t defend by trying to change the subject.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Blink,

            The mafia imposed sanctions on itself, hence whether you (as a layman) supported them or not, it doesn’t make any difference. You have to understand, my friend, the sanctions were none of the Eritrean opposition work. If the Eritrean opposition has the means, they will eradicate them from the face of Eritrea not simply backing toothless sanctions.

            Al-Arabi

          • Blink

            Dear Hameed
            I am talking about the merit rather than pointing out the truth about someone who supported it . I know it was the work Weyane and Susan the killer . You have to remember also the sanction didn’t hurt the dictator. Any sanction by the west on any government is always to hurt the ordinary people more nothing more nothing less .

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Blink,

            Listen, the last person who needs defending is Saay. This is just part of your enklil trying to deflect,divert and divide strategy.

            There is good part to the miserable life under dictator Isayas. He will be gone. Look forward to that reality, one day. No matter what you people try to hide, will be exposed.

            IA and PFDJ Eritrea is always about subtraction, no matter how long it takes, it’s always people who support him today will abandon him one day at a time.

            Do you know anyone who was opposition that turn to support him.

            Berhe

          • Blink

            Dear Berhe
            Here we go again? I mean is there a private exam that you guys give before handing the certificate of opposing PFDJ ? Come on you guys don’t understand why people despise your crying skills.

            What do I need to accept me as opposed to PFDJ I mean any questionnaire ? I simply laugh at your wingling but seriously what have you done more than others ? You have done nothing except babysitting someone comments .Stand on your own believe and ride them proudly. I oppose PFDJ because it has done horrible job and I oppose it while looking from an Eritreans points of view not from a divisive corner in which you group thinking master loudly .

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Blink,

            No I have not done enough but I am going to be Saay foot solidiers from now on.

            Berhe

          • Hope

            Selam Mod :
            I said what I said DELIBERATELY so as to test the waters,by repeating what your fav Berhe Y said.
            U r caught with your pants down!
            Hahahaha…..

          • Hope

            Yes Mr Mod:
            I did it so to bring the PRIVILEGED Berhe’s ABUSIVE and Vulgar Language to your attention!
            Apology to WHO/whom?
            To the same originator of vulgar and abusive languages?
            Hell NO!
            May be “Only” if he apologizes though !
            Fair enough?
            And what basis are you discriminating,for God’s sake?
            Thought all of us are blacks!

          • Selamat,

            It is unfortunate that it is not only the sadistic murderer monster of a creature dictator Isaias Afeworqi knows not justice but also those who oppose him under the guise of justice seekers are also equally ignorant of the what justice is. Although never in a million lifetime would I find my self justifying the cruelest dictator, i.e IA, the world has ever experienced in its tens of thousands of years long history of civilizations and find my opinions remotely close to the tones of Mahmuday “The Best” Saleh or Hope, their current momentum, in overpowering the same old monotone messages of Eritrean “opposition” forums such as this one, seems to bring out the worst characteristics very similar to the cruel Eritrean dictator IA and his regime to the foreground.

            This is case in point. Maybe it is a case of amnesia or a case of rewriting Eritrean history as did the dictator, but not only is it irrefutable that Awate.com, the Admiral! SAAY and the numerous pundits in this forum were pro sanctions and for all averse actions by the UNSC agains the cruel dictator and murderer Isaias Afewoqi and his junrta, they were also against any and all foreign investment initiatives in Eritrea which were expressed in the range from the bizarre to the very eloquent. I suppose we have entered a new phase of marketing yourselves/themselves, i.e the notable opposition figures including those mentioned above. by putting forth a more softer, as opposed to the harshest policies suggestions of yesteryear. To prove the advocacy and attitudes and positions of said personalities and this website is so easy, the attempt is not even worth it. Some folks are in denial. I doubt the honest Admiral! SAAY would consider such a lie. All one has to do to recollect their honest memory of the recent past is to consider your attitudes and closness towards the initiator and main advocate agains the 2percent Eritrean diaspora tax Mr. Gezae Hagos. To starve the dictator and in the process throwing away the baby with the bath water was the unfortunate strategy that stagnated Eritreans without absolute doubt. The opposition including this website should really ask and measure their contributions to the misserable Eritrean conditions of the past three decades. They should honesty admit their contributions in partnership with the cruelest dictator Isaias Afeworqi and his junta in creating all the negative narrated existence of Eritrea.

            Both the cruelest murderer dictator Isaias Afeworqi and the opposition are branches of the same tree who have managed to create misery for Eritreans, though the opposition can not be found guilty in a court of law for loss of life, property and future of a nation as would the cruel murderer Isais Aferworqi. But but the Eritrean opposition is as guilty as the dictator. YiAkil.

            The reason I felt like venting is to point out this simple injustice against Hope for no reason other than frustration by his competing honest arguments or to shut him up in exposing the truth. They have banned him unjustly indeed. The vulgarity they accuse Hope of was infant not initiated by him. We or I should say I have read the exchanges with to find the transgression, But Ab meAkorey wetifeyo die weyis ab meAkorkum itta fitHi wetifkumua ab Adina keytinegis … no no no ewe ewe Ab meAkorkumm ikhumm itta fitHi wetifkumua.
            Please BE FAIR AND MOST OF ALL BE HONEST so that we do not feel we have water hours and hours of our precious time for nothing.
            By the way in a one on one conversation with Gezae Hagos and other pro sanctions advocated I refused and attempted to reconsider their strategy though I would never find myself viewing the cruelest murderer dictator Isaias Afeworqi favorably EVER! Even if it means his dictatorship rule outlives me. It is a pity and very sad to see Mahmuday “The Best” Saleh, Semere Tesfay and others like Nitric championing the cruel murderer of Fisehaye
            “Joshua” Yowhans even if Eritrea was turned into a land paved in old and flowing with milk and honey. Really Teg. Semere Tesfay and Tea. Mahmud Saleh you did not fight to liberate me from anything if you condone anything even the tinies of things the cruel dictator kidnaper murderer of the THE GREATEST ERITREAN FREEDOM FIGHER from all of the fighters which they have lied and said he killed himself. Remember JOSUA! if you can not bring to justice the murderer of Joshua then please please ST and MS do not even claim you were or are freedom fighters.
            Yes.. it is true unfortunately the opposition is as equally INADEQUATE AND AS INCOMPETENT AND RESPONSIBLE FOR LOST ERITREAN LIVES.

            Hope is to tell you the ABSOLUTE TRUTH the most honest and best Eritrean true opposition figure. You have honestly rendered him an injustice. You have with your actions truly STUFFED JUSTICE IN YOUR ASSES!
            AB MEAKORKUM Nn FITHI WETIFKUMUA.
            Yes, I know Two weeks in the dungeons for tSAtSE too! How about you make it Two Months! In SOLIDARITY WITH HOPE! I HOPE!

            Be honest, truthful and most of all be just and live long and prosper!

            JOSHUA!

            tSAtSE

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Moderator,

            I am sorry. I got carried away.

            Berhe

          • Blink

            Dear Berhe
            You don’t need to say sorry “you are a very good person”. So nothing happen to you as per the justice league of the game

          • Haile S.

            ሰላም ማሕሙድ፡

            ይሕሸካ እንተ ተመለስካ
            ናብ ናይ ቅድሚዓሚ ተግሳጽካ
            ዋላ እንተዘይተኻእለ ትም ትሕሸካ
            ጽባሕ ናይ UNESCO Rep እንተገበረካ
            እዚ ይብል ነይሩ ካይንብለካ
            ምትራፍ እኳ ኣይተርፈካ
            ግና ኣይጎድእን በትሪ እንተጉደልካ

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Selam Emma
            Let me try a different format. You don’t deny the following:
            1. characterizing the great EPLF as a sectarian organization.
            2. Accusing our Kebessa people (Christians) of sustaining PFDJ.
            3. You openly called for TPLF’s intervention to “dismantle.” PFDJ; this happened when Eritrea and Ethiopia were in a state of war. You did your best to form a grand front in (Awasa, Ethiopia), an exercise that turned out to be futile.
            4. You defended TPLF’s refusal to implement EEBC and APA; you promoted TPLF’s narrative about the border war, which explains the war as if it was PIA’s invention.
            5. You said Eritreans lacked Hamot (courage) to bring change; therefore, you argued, Eritrea’s salvation was dependent on TPLF’s support.
            6. You toyed with separatist movements, which were the invention of TPLF.
            7. Whenever you hit the wall with your wild suggestions of “dismantling” the PFDJ, you accuse Eritreans of being inflicted by mistrust. Instead of owning up to your failed strategies, you always run for an excuse: “My mom’s robe tipped me” type of defense, reminiscent of the Tigrigna expression ( Qomish adey Hankiluni).
            8. The astute disciple of Meles Zenawi that you are, you keep echoing what Meles Zenawi said to Paul Henze in 1990 that Eritreans are incapable of uniting on national issues.
            9. Conclusion: You are a proud and loyal soldier of the TPLF. I get that.
            9. You made many personal jabs, and I am aware of them. I’m not interested in replying to them. However, you keep mentioning “the political culture you grew up[sic]”. I don’t know what political culture you are referring to. But if you mean the EPLF, I will have to remind you for the umpteenth time that I’m proud of it. You see, you don’t have an enchanting political culture that you can present. The political culture you can bring up is the one that declared civil war to liquidate Eritrean organizations, EPLF and later Sabe forces. It is the political culture that made thousands of ELF tegadelti (Falool) to flee the organization to join the EPLF (some of them left the struggle altogether); it is the political culture that ate up the organization from within, leading it to internal coups and killings; it is the political culture that has made splinting and divisions the hallmark of ELF’s legacy. What is the political culture that you are touting? Is it the political culture that made many of your types to side with an invading foreign force? The democracy that you claim existed in your political culture did not help ELF solve its internal problems. What we see is internal liquidations and splintering. That’s all. When you live in a house made out of glass, don’t throw stones to your neighbor. I had tried to avoid this topic so many times when you kept insulting my background and the political culture in which I grew, for the respect of ELF, as a pioneering national front and for the gallant liberation fighters who fought in its ranks. But when a push comes to a shove, let it be known: I’m a proud EPLFite. Now, you should not be in doubt that I will take your jabs as a badge of honor.
            11. You are generous in pointing out weaknesses in our English. There are some points I want to make here.
            a/ English is not my first language, and as I hurriedly scribble my comments, there will be typo errors, grammar, and syntax flaws. I believe adults in this forum understand that. That’s why we focus on the messages. If you can go and recheck your comments, you will find lots of grammar errors, my friend. So, stop this nonsensical behavior of acting as an uninvited advisor.
            b/ I understand you may be using this tactic to threaten your opponents with your wrong perception that gives you the feeling as if you are an English instructor. That is a poor manner of displaying grandiosity. Try to win the debate by engaging honestly. You have been dishonest through and through, always trying to deflect the thrust of discussions.
            Finally, and this is the primary substance in the debate: you should not try to ascribe the failures of your wrong strategies to Eritreans’ “social mistrust”. Your fight has never been a people’s fight. You have always promoted and defended the enemy of Eritrea. Why should Eritreans rally around your Wayanay ideas?
            I think you have to stand your ground as a loyal soldier of the TPLF. No wobbling or staggering, keep it steady.
            Regards.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Mahmuday,

            Leaving your all GIGO comment aside, I didn’t question your English. I questioned your unorganized thoughts. In other words ሓሳባትካ ጥሙራት አይኮኑን እየ ዝበልኩኻ:: But as always, you can’t even quote me correctly, let alone to respond to my remarks. Your comments are not worth for response. Have a good one and goodbye.

            Regards

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Selam Emma
            ኣተሃዳድማ ዕቡያት ገዲፍካ ግዳ ተዛረብ። BTW, the first chapter of Meles Zenawi’s book reads: “How to exagerate the social mistrust amobg Eritreans.”
            I quote only if needed. I brought ideas that you float around frequently that i believe most participant recognize. I can describe and explain your positions. It is not a must that I have to quote. Second, you use old tricks of arguments (ad hominem). Otherwise, my thoughts are well structured and well developed, my friend. You brought this ugly debacle, and you should own it.
            Wo deHanka.

          • Hope

            SelamMahmuday:
            We have had Enough!
            It sounds like u guys could have pointed your AK-47 at each other like in 1980-1981.
            Declare the past due Ceasefire of this old-styled and obsolete civil war,PLEASE!
            Close the topic for once and for all and let us move on..

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Selam Hope
            I see the the RED flag drawn, you are sent home for a week, enjoy the break and see you in a week. But with all due respect, I have been in this forum voluntarily. The reason is simple. I enjoy being here. Though I have always kept my own position, which sometimes merged with views of some of the participants in this forum, the people who are hurling disparaging remarks at me have always done so. I have barely agreed on a single subject with them. However, I would never consider them as my enemies. Some individuals want to substitute facts by barrages of false accusations. The fact is that whoever has been a loyal Wayanay will remain Wayanay, and it is something that I will have to live with. However, as long as one is emboldened to advance an idea, he/she should be bold enough to defend it with facts and logic. I will not let weak minds to attack the organization in which so many heroes and heroine died simply because they could not win a debate based on facts. I’m the one debating them and they will have to face me squarely; they should not go after my political background. I don’t represent the EPLF.

          • iSem

            hi Emma:
            You do not know who told MS: “hey told us the problem is because of an exceptionally pronounced problem”
            he was told this first in the Wohayo meetings in Eri then after he did his taesa he was told in the mekete meeting, after MS kissed the ring and said ነቀፈታይ ተቀቢለ and when Money said,ማሕሙዳይ ንመትከልካ ንዓናይ

          • Thomas

            Hi iSem,

            I think DIA should make this MS guy as our Ambassador in Mars. Most of all, we know DIA likes recommending people to go to Mars:)

    • Hameed Al-Arabi

      Ahlan Mahmud Saleh,

      The CULTURE that produced the wreckage evident in front of us will never create a better future. Every time we give chance to that fatal CULTURE, it will continue producing the same or the worst devastation.

      Both the mafia and opposition spring from the same CULTURE that created the present misery we are witnessing. That is the reason they failed to make any changes. Every time we think we have found a solution to our problems, we relapse back, because we spring to solve our problems from the same CULTURE that produced our dilemma.

      The people of Eritrea should liberate themselves from the CULTURE that produced them pain and grief. They have to get out sooner from that miserable BOX or they will continue facing wretchedness.

      Al-Arabi

    • Hope

      Selamat Mahmuday:
      With all due respect ,sir,you are just wasting your time and s every by dealing with a person,who is or has been:

      -An official Student and Adorer of PMMZ

      -A TPLF-handpicked EDA Bayto in N America as a future Governor of the Weyane controlled Puppet GoE or a Province of Northern Abay Tigray (now Eritrea)

      -Who officially requested for an Invasion of Eritrea by the TPLF(changed the name to an IGAD -led Army,when he was EXPOSED and caught with his wet pants down!)

      -Who lectured and insisted to apply Ethnic based Federalism in Eritrea as directed per TPLF.
      Note :
      Here is why he has been targeting you with Digital Weyane-sponsored toxic defamatory campaign against in particular and against other Eritrean Patriotic
      Nationalists,who oppose the Treacherous and backstabber .

      Him and the other WeyAne Cadres have identified you as a Formidable opponent of their Agenda here!
      Simple solution:
      Follow his “ rule”:
      Ignore!
      By now you should have understood his tricks and agenda :
      To attack and intimidate you and provoke you….thereby to annoy you and to overreact !

  • Selamat MaHmuday and all,

    As I am in Hawii, it is still Sunday and am hoping this link will make it on time. This Singularity U was Two years ago therefore you could imagine the advances in two years time. There are other Singularity U global summits videos in 2018 and 2019 you can update yourselves with. The 6G challenge Mahmuday “The Best” Saleh points to is very relevant indeed. Hoping and seeking for all of your ideas that gemanate in your thoughts for how we can be the catalysts to narrow the gap…

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XZfUJuSmBAs

    tSAtSE

  • Haben

    Hi Awatista, since it is Sunday lets give some joke but it has grain of truth embedded within it. እዚ ዕላል ኣብ ሞንጎ ማንቲለን ዋኻርያን ዝተኻየደ እዩ።
    ማንቲለ ብጉያ ካብ ዶብ ኤርትራ ናብ እትዮጲያ ክትሰግር ዝትዓዘበት ዋኻርያ፣ንማንቲለ ደው አቢላ ከምዚ ክትብል ተወከሰታ:
    ዋኻርያ: ማንቲለ ስለምንታይ ድኣ ዶብ ትሰግሪ ኣለኪ?
    ማንቲለ: ግፋ ናይ በላዕቲ ስጋ ስለ ዘሎስ ክሃድም።
    ዋኻርያ: ንስኺ ድኣ እሞ በላዒት ሳዕሪ እንዲኺ?
    ማንቲለ: ክሳብ ትጻረዪ ኢሎም ኣብ ቤት ማእሰርቲ ክእትዉኒ እዮም፡ ስለዚ ዶብ ምስጋር ይሓይሽ።
    ወደሃንኩም

  • Selamat M”B”S and all,

    There was a question about open source software I asked you. Hope you caught it and will address it.

    Since it is the weekend I thought this video would augment MaHmuday’s article:

    It is about the dawn of the augmented age.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aR5N2Jl8k14

    tSAtSE

    • Mahmud Saleh

      Ahlan Xaxe, the Great
      I enjoyed the video, thank you. I’m not your geeky type of a guy; I do use audacity for audio editing, and a couple of other software like Filmora for video editing. Your question is tricky because I know you are way better than me in that area. I’m just replying out of respect, and people can Google it out, anyway.

      • MaHmuday,

        Our wavelength and wave frequency is in sink. My question was an attempt to widen the pertinent discussion. Whereas your 5G content is regarding hardware, I was thinking to share with Eritreans the free open source softwares out there that are very useful and go a long way in narrowing the competitive advantages the developed worlds have. There is a specific open software I have in mind and have been working on for quite some time. I am in the process of launching soon this project I am have been working on as a result of the same concerns you raised in your article. I am choosing not to mention it right now due to how I am planing to introduce it to the Eritrean & Ethiopian community. So I was really trying to pick your brains a bit for my purposes. I am still keeping the question opened for you because I want to gage your opinion of what softwares, specifically open source, you think are useful and vital to the developing nations. Some that I have been pursuing are very underutilized by the developing nations peoples I have observed thus far. So think about the question again and should you feel like doing so please do share as it would be useful to me and my current challenge. Thanks.

        tSAtSE

        • Mahmud Saleh

          Selam Xaxe
          Thank you and sorry for the late reply. I got caught up in discussions that ran off the main course, thanks to Emma.
          I wish you success in your new project. Here is my humble suggestion. Of course, it will depend the audience or targeted group you have in mind for the platform you are working on. There were to recent stories that caught my attention. The first one is of an Eritrean networking professionals living in Denmark who have been engaged with Eritrean libraries. According to their president who appeared on Eri-TV, they provide the educational sector with hardware and software to digitize books and create educational materials suitable for classrooms. The second story was of a Somali man who went to Somalia after his grand mom was about to undergo surgery. He noticed that the hospitals in Somalia did not have an organized and well-managed record-keeping. The paper trail was not good, and there was difficulty for doctors to communicate with each other about patients. And in Medical field, the patient’s past medical history is crucially important for a doctor to make decisions. So, when this young man returned to Canada, he organized discussions and formed networks of professionals to come up with a solution. He was not a software engineer but he motivated engineers to design a software that was suitable for Somali Hospitals, an interactive one that communicates in Somalian.
          There are also news of tech start-ups all over Africa, primarily in finance and marketing. The goal of the article was to shade light on Africa potentials and what could be done to retain the talents.
          I can’t link the following since it is not weekend but you can go to POCIT and read “10 amazing Eritrean and Ethiopians in tech” to scoop a bucket out of the sea/ካብ ባሕሪ ብጭልፋ።

  • Selamat Mahmuday “The Best” Saleh,

    At about the same time, six papyrus years before your reselute defense from the Sixth O, from circa 2Gs B.C – roughly four lotus flowers years to your current 6G Bideho call in your closing sentence above, a scribe was transported to New York City in the year of our lord One astonished scribe, Nine pieces of rope. Seven ties and Five papyrus leaves. After conducting the census for NYC, the scribe found the population of the city to be Nine astonished scribes, Five tadpoles, Two snakes, Six lotus flowers, Eight pieces of rope, Six ties and Three papyrus leaves.
    And in the last article the break down of Eritrea’s population count is Three Astonished scribes Five tadpoles as Haile S and the Muhandis provide the current count utilizing the indices of their choice to arrive at their projections. It is a matter of compounding the interest for Two ties and Two papyrus leaves years.
    Speaking of Two, the scribes saw no need for multiplication nor for division when they had the binary sequence algorithm for. addition to arrive at their Astonishment large number. Yeah at Bell Hall in rough Buff the REAL Dr. Newitol that is Gheteb is inviting the Admiral by dubbing him his yesteryear true identity that is Dr. Newitol. It would be very nice to see the Admiral lift up a a mirror to Gheteb’s face to make him realize who and what Dr. Newitol is.

    MS, on your follow up and hope fully in year response to this, perhaps you can compile a list of your top ten free/open resource software like Audacity for sound for example.

    6G ain’t nothing nttom Sahdushayy Werrarr zemketuu.. Gnnn 15 G. Demirka Hade kilte selecte Gs or major Generalat kem beAll G. SibHat Effrem and Major General Berhane Gerezgieher the Chemist.. intayy ‘mo b zaEba high Tech Siii gele gele Qimematt Hizna kn qerib inna… Speaking of the Chemist Major General, Ayya Amanuel Hidrat is fuming on this nonsensical prose.. ahhh Ayya Ismail AA I am quite sure is amused, so there is balance somewhat unlike your DIDACTIC INITIATIVE ARTICLE. 6G is bro! Brimrim nay semayy tewenchafi Hawiii Meriet meriet misaylat isatte gomerawii… Ane Eritrawi Aygizzainn b Wilqi melakhi Isaias Afeworqi.

    tSAtSE

  • ‘Gheteb

    ንቀደም በሉ ዶክቶር ንዊቶል (ኣርሕቦ ብሮፈሶር ዎ ኡስታዝ ንዊቶል) [ Please Help Yourself Dr. Newitol]

    Greetings!!

    The following is a causerie, a chitchat if you will, between Dr. Newitol and Proffesor Arhbo. The confab between the two ‘Haysat’, gentlemen, gets heated at times. Nonetheless, the tete-a-tete is scintilating by all measurable benchmarks.

    a) ‘Dr. Newitol: ‘For Whom The Bells Toll’

    SAAY is Dr, Newitol.

    In the HBO movie Robert Duvall played the character Stalin to a tee so much so that HBO was promoting it by plugging the movie that Duvall IS Stalin and not merely playing the character Stalin. Though we are told that ” Dr. Newitol is a composite of three characters, one of whom is the editor”, for all intents and purposes, SAAY is Dr. Newitol. Now, many may be querying why is Dr. Newitol a composite of three characters and not two or four or any other numeral. Well, for those interested enough to find out why, they have to await patently to read a A PLAY entitled ” THREE” — ሰለስተ — coming your way, hopefully, in the not too distant future.

    b) Professor Arhbo (ኣርሕቦ)

    Professor Arhbo is the ‘anti-Dr.Newitol’ not only in being one and only one character, but in espousing political views that are diametrically opposite to that of Dr. Newitol. In short, if one is to dub Dr. Newitol’s political outlook as through and through ‘anti-Issaias-ist’, Professor Arhbo’s political stances are a conflation of the ‘Shaebia-ist’ and ‘Eritrean-ist’ variant. The antipodal political views of the two gentlemen neatly encapsulates the political divide that is persistently bedeviling the Eritrean political landscape these days.

    Dr. Newitol: I don’t believe even for a split second that there is a political organization called PFDJ in Eritrea. All there is in Eritrea is a one man show led by Issaias Afwerki with those following him called Isaias-ists otherwise known as the amen corners who view Isaias as their messiah and who will leave no stone unturned in doing his biddings.

    Professor Arhbo: As I have written in my facebook pages three moths ago and as I have always contended that viewing the Eritrean problem as if it emanates from the foibles of one man, Isaias Afwerki, is a hopelessly reductionist view. We have to take a lot of things into consideration when we ponder and grapple with the Eritrean problem. EPLF or the PFDJ, for that matter, can never be reduced to one man. You are dead wrong, Dr. Newitol.

    Dr. Newitol: Well, your response, with all due respect professor Arhbo, perfectly reflects those that I moniker as “The hairy-calfed” (ጨጓር ዳንጋ) responses.

    Professor Arhbo: Well, your መልሰ ዕንገላ ( feedback) is surely so biased. As an activist (ነጣፊ ) , try to render an unbiased assessment of the prevailing political milieu in Eritrea.

    Dr. Newitol: That is what the Isaisist lot, aka “The Militia Taff” (ሚሊሻ ጣፍ) unremittingly spout.

    Professor Arhbo: One should never make such an irresponsible pronouncement without making a ጓሕጓሒ ክለሳ (exhaustive review).

    Dr. Newitol: I have been saying for a while now that when Isaias gets bored, what he does to pass time is coining new Tigrigna words. But I see that Adi Halo is not the only one burning the midnight oil, but someone is also ‘sleepless in Seattle’ coining new Tigrigna words.

    Professor Arhbo: I still urge you to look objectively and without bias on the Eritrean political equation (ፖለቲካዊ ምዕሪት).

    • Peace!

      Hi ‘Gheteb

      Welcome back!

      Peace!

    • Hameed Al-Arabi

      Ahlan Gheteb,

      Welcome back, Gheteb. I thought you have come back with a fresh mind after entire revising the scribbles of the four idols of Francis Bacon. It is very sad to get you still lagging back, after the absence of this long period, hidden in a cave near Adi Halo. Almost within a year, the Eritrean political landscape has seen, with Yiakil movement, a lot of changes. I think with Yiakil movement the Eritrean people surpassed Shaebia-ist and Eritrean-ist. All Eritreans have concluded that their sole enemy is Isaias and those very very few around him. Now you have two choices either you have to catch up the train or go back to your cave located near Adi Halo. Yiakil has swept over Adi Halo and Asmara.

      Al-Arabi

    • Mahmud Saleh

      Selam Ghehteb
      Dr. Newitol has been beaten so badly by Brownyn Bruton of the Atlantic. He has lost bearings since. Welcome back.

  • iSem

    Hi All:

    The PFDJ observed International Nelson Mandela Day.

    How about erecting a monument for Mandela in Eritrea as symbol of fighting against repression?
    Since PFDJ borrows everything and create nothing. Yes, even their cruelly of torture is borrowed, their Pushkin monument borrows a literary hero to celebrate so why not Mandela until Is dies because according to PFD Eritrea has no heroes, so let us borrow a hero, Mandela at least he is not a Russian
    And where is the National WEWEL Day, or Sultan day, or Kebire day or Awate day

    • Teodros Alem

      selam isem
      Ahlan wa sahlan ya isem keselawe,
      Eadaratuk may i ask this 2 question.
      1, what is wrong with pushkin monument in asmara, as u know his great grandpa was eritrean ?
      2, mandela, kwame nkrumah and so on mostly glorified because of thier stand on anti colonization(apartheid) and pan africanism . so do u believe eplf is pro pan africanism? if not how is that u expect them to eract mandela”s monument? Shukran in advance.

  • Haben

    Dear MS,
    Good reading and let me rejoinder to one point you made in this article:
    Catching up will require massive investment in the educational sector. Also, marketing
    out key projects that could entice foreign direct investments, and making regional and
    continental efforts to integrate African commerce could stimulate the economies of the
    continent. The expectation is that such measures could curtail the brain-drain of the
    most talented Africans. It could also galvanize the skills and passions of the most
    motivated entrepreneurs, two essential ingredients to close up the ever-widening gap
    between the developed and the developing world. That, to me, would be akin to
    conquering 6G.
    On their book, Why Nations Fail, Acemoglu and Robinson have traced the origin of power, prosperity, and poverty of nations. Interestingly, the only thesis that emerged again and again to explain why nations fail in their research was/is the type of institution the nation has and how power was distributed among the society. State that had or has an extractive economic institutions along with absolute polity are doomed to fail because they impede innovation and change, infringe property rights or at some cases the vast majority does not have any ownership of land or property, and there is no rule of law to enforce contracts. On the contrary nation that have pluralistic polity and an inclusive economic institutions encourage competition, innovation and change. Enforcement of property rights means individuals and groups are more motivated to innovate and invest in their projects because there is no fear of losing their property or being confiscated by the authorities at whim. My question for you now is it possible for Africa especially for Eritrea, since it most dear to us, to galvanize the skills and passion of the most skilled entrepreneurs with out establishing strong judiciary system and inclusive economic that guarantees property rights of investor or the mass?

    • Mahmud Saleh

      Selam Haben

      Thank you for the comment and the question embedded therein. Please forgive me for not coming back to you sooner. I get your point. It takes political will, a blue print and leadership to mobilize the nation towards those lofty goals. As you indicated, the political infrastructure should get equal emphasis for without improving business laws you won’r expect business people coming to you. And without building institutions that sustain the long term economic vision, we can’t expect miracles. Therefore, both the economic planning should be envisioned within the overall political climates, or fabrics, if you will. Any way, the following is an excerpt from a short comment I posted on my FB on May 24, 2019. It is my hope that it will give you some clues into my thoughts regarding this issue. This article looked at Africa. If I were to limit it to Eritrea, its details would be looking into Eritrea’s unique place within the grand scheme and would delve into its problems and pertaining suggestion for ways forward. Just to stress one point: I don’t see myself as a pawn of any political streak. I try to stay as independent as possible. My support to any political currency has one goal and that is to promote Eritrean dialogue.
      .”ካብዚ ሓሊፉ፡ ኣብቲ ናይ ሎሚ ናይ ፕረሲደንት ኢሰያስ ኣፈወርቂ መደረ፡ ህዝቢ ዝግደሰሎም ጉዳያት ከም ኩነታት ዶብ፡ ሕቶ ህንጸት ፖለቲካዊ ትሕተ-ቅርጽን፡ ናይ እሱራት ኩነታትን ካልኦትን፡ እንኮላይ መሰረታትን ኣባላትን ህግድፍ ክሓቱሎም ዝጸንሑ ጉዳያት፡ መኣንፈቲ ሓሳባት ወይ ቀጥታዊ መግለጺ ክህብ ትጽቢት ነይሩ። ኣዝዩ ኣገዳሲ ዕድል ዘምለጦ ኮይኑ ይስመዓኒ።

      ሎሚ ኣብ ሓጺር ግዜ ኣብ ኤርትራ ፖለቲካውያን ሰልፍታት ክርኢ ዝጽበ እንተሎ ኣዝዩ ገርሂ እዩ። ሎሚ ኣብ ኤርትራ ሃንደበታዊ ናይ ስልጣን ሃጓፍ ወይ ዕግርግር ክርኢ ዝደሊ እንተሎ እውን ወይ ገርሂ እዩ ወይ ድማ ንቅኑዕ ጠለባት ህዝቢ መዝሚዙ ስልጣን ክምንዝዕ ዝደሊ እዩ።

      ብዓንተብኡ እውን፡ እቲ ትጽቢት ምጡን እዩ ነይሩ፡ ሎሚ፡ ብሃንደበት ዓበይቲ ፖለቲካውያን ተበግሶታት ክውሰዱ ከምዘይክእሉ ርዱእ እዩ። ይኹን እምበር፡ ህዝቢ ኣንፈት ፖለቲካዊ ጉዕዞኡ ዘፍልጦን ተስፋ ዝህቦን ሓፈሻዊ ፖለቲካዊ መሕበሪ ይጽበ ነይሩ።

      ስለ’ዚ ድማ፡ ኤርትራውያን ክጋብኡን ኣብ ጉዳያት ሃገሮም ንጡፍ ሱታፈ ክህልዎምን ጻውዒትን ድፍኢትን ምግባር መሰሎም እዩ። እቲ ሰብኣዊ ዓቕምታት ናይ ኤርትራ ንምእካብ ዝግበር ዕማማት መንግስቲ እንተዝመርሖ፡ ንዕኡ ክብሪ እምበር ንስልጣኑ ዝህድድ ኣይምኾነን። ግቡእ መንግስቲ ኸኣ እዩ ነይሩ። ምኽንያቱ፡ ኣብዚ ግዜ እዚ ብዘይካ ናይ ዕርቅን ምትእኽኻብን ተበግሶታት ምውሳድ ካልእ ኣማራጺታት ክሉ ንብኽነት ጸዓትን ጸጋታትን ኤርትራውያን ዘሳጥሕ እዩ። ዝበኸነ ዓቕምታትና ይኣክል። ብዛዕባ’ዚ ኣብ ዝመጽእ ግዜ ኣስፊሐ ክርእዮ እየ።

      እቲ መሰረታዊ ጉዳይ ግን፡ እቲ ብፕረሲደንት ኢሰያስ ኣፈወርቂ ዝተገልጸ ሰፊሕ ቑጠባዊ መደባት፡ ዘሰንዮ ፖለቲካውን ምምሕዳራውን ጽገናን ሕዳሰን ከይገበርካ ክዕወት ከጸግም እዩ ዝብል ስግኣት ኣለኒ።

      እታ ኣገዳሲት ነጥቢ ከኣ፡ ካብቲ ንታኮሰሉ ዘለና ዕርድታት ወሪድና፡ ብሓላፍነታዊ መገዲ ክንመያየጥ ግዚኡ እዩ። ፖለቲካዊ ፍልልይ ናብ ዕዉር ጽልኢ ክመርሕ የብሉን። ናይ ኣራኣእያ ፍልልያት ምህላው ከም ጸጋ ውሲድና፡ ኣብ ኣገደስቲ ሃገራውያን ጉዳያት ናይ ራእን ተግባርን ስምረት ክህልወና ይግባእ፡ ዘመን “ኣውዲቕካ ሕለፍ” በብቕሩብ ክሰዓር ኣለዎ።

      ናይ ገድሊ ወለዶ ካብ ዓቕሙ ንላዕሊ ሰሪሑ እዩ። ብዝተሰርዐ ኣገባባ፡ ግብራዊ ሱታፈ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ፡ ብፍላይ ድማ ሱታፈ መንእሰያትና ክነብርኽ ኣለና። እታ ሽግ ሓርነትን በትረ-ስልጣንን ናብቲ ዋሕስ ኤርትራ ዝኾነ ንኡስ ወለዶ ብዝተዋደደን ዝተሰርዐን መገዲ ከም ዝሓልፉ ንምግባር መደባት ምውጻእን ምትግባሮምን ኣገዳሲ እዩ። እዚ ኸኣ ሓላፍነታውን፡ ንመጻኢ ኤርትራ ውሕስነት ዘቐምጥን እዩ።

      ብሕጽር ዝበለ፡ ቅዋማውን ትካላውን ኣሰራርሓ ንምትእትታው ክጅመር ኣለዎ፡ ተጀሚሩ እንተሎ ድማ ኣብ ምንታይ ደረጃ ናይ ግስጋሰ ከምዝርከብ ክግለጽ ይግባእ ነይሩ። ዘመን “እመኑና” ክቕንጠጥ ኣለዎ። ዓበይቲ ናይ ህንጸት ፕሮጀክትታት ንምስልሳል፡ ነቲ ዕማም፡ ማለት ኣብ ውጥኑን፡ ትግባረኡን ምቁጽጻሩን፡ ዓቕሚ ( capacity) ዘለዎም ትካላትን ትካላዊ ኣሰራርሓን የድልዩ። ህዝቢ፡ ብልቡ ክሳተፍ እንተኾይኑ፡ ዝኣምነሎምን ዝኣምኖምን ትካላት ክህልዉ ኣለዎም።”

      • Haben

        Dear Mahmud,
        Thanks for replying to my question. I very much agree to what you said on your facebook post. K don’t think it is tenable for the government to continue business as usual: keeping the public in the dark. One reason people are feeling even after the peace agreement is there is no any positive news that comes from the regime as to what direction is the country heading. The Eritrean people is not asking for the regime to be removed or Eritrea to be flooded with political parties right now. They are saying stop to arbitrary arrest, open the market so people can go on their daily business, have a clear roadmap, but the regime seemed adamant to these just calls and everyday they are narrowing the space.

        Haben.

        • Haile S.

          Selam Haben,

          Allow me to chip in your conversation with Mahmud. I haven’t read MS’s fb, I am not into faccialibro. Not only the regime cannot continue business as usual, it needs to transform its view completely from the usual. It is a regime that has persisted for decades by subtraction (eliminating) not by addition, without its existence being shaken or menaced, meaning it is guided by a narrow agenda and by very few trusted people. The regime is a fraternity of few that has “sacrificed itself” “ውፉያት” to lead. It is very hard for a fraternity to open itself to a society. That is the reason Eritrea doesn’t have a functioning government with functioning branches open to public scrutiny. If a miracle happens and this fraternity wants to change it needs to go against itself. This is the hardest almost impossible to do. It at all it does, then we will have our true living martyrs.

          P.S. if PIA was to invite the speaker in the video MS linked, Maurice Conti, to Eritrea, he will invite him to speak to him, Yemane & Osman in his ቤተ-መንግስቲ and never in a public forum to Eritreans. Eritreans don’t come to his mind first!

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Hailat,

            It is the everlasting hope and trust of the highland Christian on the despot to change his heart and to transform his party that we are exposed to this endless and merciless dictatorship for long period, so to speak. That unwarranted trust and hope for change from the dictator became the seeds of mistrust with our lowlanders. We became reluctant and indecisive in the struggle of change. Once we believe and expect a change from an authoritarian regime, we can not be a force of change in whatever we do. Absolutely not. Eritrea is divided in this aspect those who waits change from Issayas and his regime and those who doesn’t. It a sad situation that hurts our unity.

            Regard

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Amanuel H.,

            Highland v Lowland mistrust is a euphemism for Christian v Muslim mistrust.

            Are you surprised by this mistrust? Is there any model of trust, cooperation and harmony between the two in existence that Eritrea can adopt?

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Merhaba Simon,

            (a) “Highland v Lowland mistrust is a euphemism for Christian v Muslim mistrust.” Agreed. I am very prudent on choosing my vocabulary and terminologies. So I prefer to frame it “highlander vs Lowlanders” than “Christian Vs Muslim” the same as I use “social groups” instead of “ethnics”. Simply it makes my argument less sensitive and more absorbable.

            (b) Am I surprised of the mistrust? Absolutely No. Because our mistrust has long history that goes to late 40s.

            (c) “Is there any model of trust, cooperation and harmony between the two in existence that Eritrea can adopt?” Yes there are many possible scenarios to come up with to address it. But the highlanders are not ready for that. A visit to my articles will give you some hints to my positions and how to address them.

            Simon, good questions that goes to the heart of our problem. Thank you for that.

            Regards

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Amanuel H.,

            Is there any model in existence, meaning a real example that worked/is working? Egypt, Lebanon, Iraq, … Yemen and Saudi Arabia [Ooops, the Christian population were ethnically cleansed long, long ago from the last two]?

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Simon,

            I would like to hear from you if there is any parallel with those countries. I am open learn. Keep in mind at the end of the day, the specific character of the people will decide as to the fate of their nations.

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Amanuel H.,

            The specific character of the people?

            The very same people who came from similar villages, towns, cities, attended similar schools, had similar aspirations for a little bit of El Dorado, I mean Eritrea, who are a reflection of the general public? People get leaders they deserve.

            Politicians by George Carlin:
            https://www.bing.com/videos/search=george+carlin+politicians&qpvt=george+carlin+politicians&view=detail&mid=649E3E73E2FDFF286B4C649E3E73E2FDFF286B4C&&FORM=VRDGAR

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Simon,

            May be people like you, if they would have joined ghedli could have got better leaders to lead the mayhem population. Don’t you think so? But then, if they could have saved it back then, why can’t see your effort and capacity to extricate us from the so called mayhem leadership? For a serious person it is not easy to insult without finding himself an alternative with remarkable capacity of leadership for his mayhem population as you put in your remark.

            Regard

          • Saleh Johar

            Hi Emma,
            I totally agree with you that prudence is important in our situation of intolerance. I have tried to do the same. But after so many years, I think we are just covering up the real issue. Wouldn’t you think it’s about time that we discussed it openly, without hiding it behind other definition? Aren’t we providing a wrong diagnosis. I am really disturbed and frustrated by the fact that we have not arrived at a stage where we can honestly discuss our issues and as they say, badela badella nbelo. I really need your expanded view on this. Thank you

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Abu Salah,

            Just for clarification: Using alternative words and terms is by no means covering the Eritrean political issues. Say who are the lowlanders? In general they are the Eritrean Muslims. Who are the highlanders? In general they are the Christians. Who are the Eritrean social groups? They are the Eritrean ethnics. The mistrust between the highlanders and lowlanders also means the mistrust between the Eritrean Muslims and Eritrean christians. The grievances of our social groups is the grievances of our ethnics. Where and how could you miss my argument all the years?

            I can not pull from the old archive of Awate, but I wrote an article, some 10 years ago with a title “The arrogance of the highlanders and the mistrust of the lowlanders obscure the unity of our people”. I was on a record tackling the main problem of the Eritrean political issues from the grievances of our social groups to our political divide between our Eritrean Muslims and Eritrean Christians. I can boldly say, that all my articles in Awate tackled the Eritrean political taboos – issues they don’t admit they exist while they are eating our social fabrics as we speak. The highlanders will never admit that there is a division between Christians and Muslims. The lowlanders will never openly admit their mistrust to the highlanders. They know in their hearts but have lost the courage to admit the real problems that divided us. Both sections are in the opposite end of their comfort zones.

            Saleh, we have seen all kinds of meetings and their constituents – a kind of birds of the same feathers fly together. That in itself is a microcosm of our ailing. You remember asking us to check our telephone books as to whether they reflect the rainbow of our society. In any case, what makes me still hopeful with our society is, that our mistrust of each other is not deep enough to be plagued out of control like what we are witnessing in Ethiopia. Ours are manageable only it needs courage to admit and act responsibly to resolve them. A little harness to our arrogance and a little open to our mistrusts will give us a room to our conversation to listen each other, thereby to enable us to tackle our political taboos. I hope I have answered your question.

            Regards

          • Saleh Johar

            Emma dear,
            If not anything else, I will testify you have been consistent and courageous on this issue. But as you can guess, maybe the message is not going through the thick skulls. I am just frustrated Westgate we do not seem to be learning anything. It’s so distressing my dear. I was just using your comment to express my disappointment at the mental cases and victims the pfdj is producing. Even those who should know better, we see them regressing into a despicable level

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            ባዴላ ባዴላ ንበሎ
            መምህር ሳልሕ
            ኣባይና ክዕሎ
            ከመይ ጌርና
            እሞ ሓቂ ተዛረቡ ደኣ ዘይትብለና

            ስማዕስከ ሓቂ ኳ ኣብ ቀረባ የላን
            ዝቐለለ ባዶ ሰላሰተ ምእማን
            እወ ናይዞም ኣትማን

            ሓቂ ተለሚድና ደኣ
            ህግደፍ ዝበሃል ክጠፍእ
            ብዘይ ናይ ስሚ መርፍእ

            ክላ ግደፈና
            ታ ጻዕዳ ሓሶትና
            ትሕሸና
            ሓቂ ዝበሃል ከይለምድና
            ዘይናትና?

          • Saleh Johar

            ኦይ መሃንድስና:
            ሓሶትሲ: ሕራይ : ጻዕዳ ንበላ
            ንሓቂ ግና : ከመይ ገርና ብጸልማት ክንክውላ?
            እንታይ ንገብሮ ናይ ክልቲኣተን ድቃላ
            ኣዕቢና-ኣዕቢናስ መፍረይ ዕዋላ!
            ብዘይ ወዓል ሕደር ዓኽ-ጡፍ በላ ::

          • Blink

            Dear Simon
            I can say Eritrea is an example for mutual respect between the two believers. The revolution was simply attest of the two people who wanted to be Eritreans than Christians and Muslims . Can these two believers live side by side in a democratic society, Yes and this Yes is under one factor and that is their power must be a balanced one . Without balanced power I think one of them can’t stand in front of democracy and human rights .Remember there were hundreds of Jews in Algeria , Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Iraq , Yemen and other Middle East countries and all these Jews as well as minority believers get rooted out one by one by the political Islam . Christians did the same to Jews and countless indigenous people around the globe . If you asked me how the two believers can sustain a democratic society, well they can’t.In the coming years India will be shifting their society in to one mantle believe and this believe will be so much a war against Muslims in the country. Trust me there are people who grow up in Sudan and Saudi who thinks they can destroy churches in Tessenei and Barentu and expect their Mosques in Asmara to ring the bell peacefully. These dreamer as well as their twin pastors from the church believes that they can ride their church in to every where around Eritrea .

            Eritrea can be only survive in a liberal democratic system where sheria and the church rule be nullified. Remember that a man who is ready to die for his church or Mosque disease is always anti democratic and also against Human rights .

            If you asked me how many Muslim majority countries in this glob are and the number will be enormously big compared to few from them who are democratic.

            I must confess our Eritrean Muslims are simply not like other in the region .

          • Haile S.

            Emma,

            It is predictable now, when you bring up our line of demarcation, you start by Dearing me. Well Dear Emma, let me respond to you by the following poem

            ካን ኮይና ዘረባኻ ንሳ
            በይዛኻ በትርኻ ኣልግሳ
            ካብ ከበሳ

            ንባዕልኻ ምግባርካ ከበሳ
            ሓደ እንኮ ኣንበሳ
            እንሃለ ንፍርቂ ኤርትራ ተንግሳ
            ንኸበሳ

            ናይ ሓደ ኣይኮነትን ንሳ
            እታ ኣበሳ
            እያ ናይ ኩልና ወቐሳ
            ተማቐሎ እቲ ዴሳ
            ብወገንካ ግበር ህደሳ

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            ሰላም ሃይላት,

            ከም ሓበራ ይውቀሰሉ
            ከም ውልቀ ይውቀሰሉ
            ናበይ እሞ ክሃድመሉ
            ንህዝቢ ፍትሒ ካብዘይ ምጻእክሉ

            ንነብሰይ ወቃሲ
            ንብጾተይ ወቃሲ
            ንሱ’ዩ ናይ ቅኑዓት ቃልሲ

            ነቄፈታ ተምጸኣልካ ሓሳስያ
            ለውጢ የለን እንዳገበርካ ንሕስያ
            ከምዘለዎ ንህልው ተቅርቦ
            ሓቂ ሕጅካ ንህዝቢ ትሕብሕቦ
            ከምኡዮም ቃልስታትና ናይ ዓንተቦ

            ምስ ኣኽብሮት

          • Haben

            Dear Emma,
            I disagree with your view of highlanders Vs lowlanders dichotomy. There are people from both region who wanted and hoped the regime will reform and vice versa. Do not forget that the regime has the benefit of the doubt from both highlanders and lowlanders, but that grace period is eroding faster especially after the peace agreement with Ethiopia.

          • Haben

            Dear Haile,
            let me guess what faccialibro mean first: a term you coined for fb crypto project. Did I get it right? to get back to yr post, Mahmuda posted on fb his review of IA speech on May 24, what he sees good in his speech and what was missing; how he could used the platform to usher new era, and since he does not want to go through it again he just copy and past when he replied to me to show his position to the question I asked him. You can see his fb post on this tread. I was trying to raise the same point you said here to Mahmuday that the regime, a handful of individuals, is not capable of changing it self because it sees itself as the sole creator and defender of the nation. Every views different from theirs’ is castigated as evil. That’s why they are focused on subtraction instead of addition. For them a different perspective is poison.

  • Blink

    Dear readers
    The NYT reported they have a voice taped evidence that the Qatari terrorist government are the once financing the terrorists in Somalia. It has been know for over a decade that the Qatari families with their state financed Aljazeera are terrorist financiers as well as propaganda pushers . The NYT reported like this “In an audio recording obtained by The New York Times of a cellphone call with the Qatari ambassador to Somalia, a businessman close to the emir of Qatar said that the militants had carried out the bombing in Bosaso to advance Qatar’s interests by driving out its rival, the United Arab Emirates.The bombings and killings, we know who are behind them,” the businessman, Khalifa Kayed al-Muhanadi, said in the call on May 18, about a week after the bombing.The violence was “intended to make Dubai people run away from there,” he said, referring to the Emirates’ financial capital. “Let them kick out the Emiratis, so they don’t renew the contracts with them and I will bring the contract here to Doha,” the capital of Qatar.”

    This is an amusing revelation that this terrorist state called Qatar is caught red handed and to ditch such act they bought billions of dollars arms from America just once they knew their ugly face is out to the sky . Qatar as an evil state must be always pushed away in order to correct their caveman ideology in our region. There is also some gossiping that Abiy was in Qatar to plea for the Qatari terrorist state to remove their hand from putting Ethiopians in to terrorist play ground. Gedeb would have reported this smalia horrible but they didn’t. Truth coming to the light to expose the horrible .

    • Simon Kaleab

      Selam Blink,

      The Qatari double game has been going for a long time.

      • Blink

        Dear Simone
        It is amusing the protection they got from some corners who affiliate their politics with the Muslimbrotherhood lunatics. I mean how is that an Arabic rich tiny nation allowed to kill and put havoc in a very poor society like Somalia ?

    • Brhan

      Hello Blink

      There is an Arabic proverb that says مصائب القوم عند قوم فوائده which means ‘some people’s disaster are other’s benefits. This is one side of the story.

      The other side is that news report is about neutrality other wise it is propaganda . NYT in its report did not go low to depict a propaganda as news report. For example , its title says ” gulf states vie for power in Somalia” . NYT did not single out Qatar.

      N/B According to VOA and Aljazeera English both Somalia and Qatar have denied the NYT new report respectively

      • Blink

        Dear Brhan
        I understand that but can’t you see I am saying people would have talked about the news if it was UAE on the news of facilitating the killings of poor Somalians . The tragedy is Qatar is a terrorist state .

        • Brhan

          Hi Blink,
          You said:
          “The tragedy is Qatar is a terrorist state and we have known people in this forum who keep their Muslimbrotherhood cave unknown for the reason we all know” .
          This is Islamophobia!

          • Blink

            Dear Brhan
            The word islamophobia is already tried and being debunked as simply covering the criminals and it has nothing to do with Islam and the problems Muslims face . The apologists use such words in order to send the emotional attachment of the poor left . The hard line left don’t know what the actual problem underneath is . If telling facts is islamophobia to you it means you are protecting the criminals that put Muslim lives at death chamber. Remember you are not dealing with white left people from west in their front screen talking with white journalists of the hard left . Many apologists do use the word as a defensive mechanism but Brhan as you are should have thought more , it is clear that Muslims are being put at a very difficult position by such apologists .

          • Brhan

            Hello Blink
            Again, to remind you you have said :

            “WE HAVE KNOWN PEOPLE IN THIS FORUM WHO KEEP THEIR MUSLIMBROTHERHOOD CAVE UNKNOWN”

            These are accusations in your own words.You came with the terms “We” and the “People” without telling 1) Who the “We” and the “People”. Can you name them with proof?

            If you can’t then let us stop hatred and make this forum hate free forum!

          • Blink

            Dear Brhan
            Which part is not clear ? The term “we “ no it is clear as it can be . The word “ we” can be an elusive one for someone but not for you . I am perfectly clear which “we” ( these who expose apologists and these known are these who jump the cliff to defend the terrorist organizations by using the name Islam and Muslims with it . So where do you see yourself? I mean with these who trade words to apologise for the terror actors OR for these who are voicing their voice for the voiceless poor souls ?

            It is a choice , choices deeply rooted in some one who is against violence and backward believes to raise the voice . So where do you put yourself? If you wanted to defend the terrorist state do it without using my comments because it seems you wanted to drag me for your defences, I am just saying the poor Somalians who are dying daily by the grace of the Amir Qatar and his goons, Somalians must know who is their arch enemy.

          • Brhan

            Dear Blink,

            I am very sorry for your reply. I am speaking about this forum that is allowing you and myself to share our ideas.

            When you you accuse a judge will simply ask you ” can you name them and do you have evidence.

            My last advise to you not let hatred make you blind to accuse “people” without proof.

            Have a nice day!

          • Blink

            Dear Brhan
            It seems you dropped the islamophobia thing and it is an improvement sir . A UAE money in Somalia was on news and here a Qatari killings is not and that is a mark anyone can recognize.

          • Peace!

            Hi Blink,

            Don’t be coward man up, spell the names and defend your accusation, perhaps the same people were accused of being Whabist terrorists when the dictator was sleeping with Qatari royal family and liking their boots. PFDJ is the number one terrorist organization against its own people.

            Peace!

          • Blink

            Dear Peace
            You know cowards are these who try to protect terrorists and their financial backers and that is the problem . You want to know the name ? Really what name ? Does it make any sense if for example I said you Peace are one who defend the poor souls and I who protect the evil Qatari ?

            Second I am not even mentioning PFDJ and if you want just do it and make it about PFDJ and Qatari relationship ,so too the Somali sanctions with it and I shall entertain your brave face . Brave Peace wehabistis are not on the news for the day and when they come to the news we shall see who write what . Now it is about Qatari and their failing project all over ME and yet they are on tour to slaughter poor ME kids ,

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Blink,

            I wonder when I see people assail others while in fact, they represent nothing in the world. They have no education, economy, stability, and power to brag about among the human family. They are just a load without value.

            If you want to move forward, you have to get rid of the four idols of Francis Bacon. Your mind seems to be full of meaningless scribbles, that is why you are on the wrong side of history.

            Does it happen you sit down for a moment in your life and thought about the outcome of your hatred? Is your hatred going to make you a superman or superpower in the world? Hatred will lead you to nowhere. Without a doubt, you will end up a carcass.

            Al-Arabi

    • Hameed Al-Arabi

      Ahlan Blink,

      I would like just to remind you because you seem to have a very short memory. Now could you tell me what was Qatar when she was backing, and financing your boss? Does that mean your boss repented and the Amir of Qatar didn’t? As it is known for all, the USA is a close friend of Qatar and she has a big base there. Does this make America a terrorist too? Can your boss dear call America a terrorist county?

      My friend, analyzing an issue doesn’t mean lying but reading facts on the ground and telling the cooks going on behind closed doors.

      Al-Arabi

  • Haile S.

    Selam Mahmud,

    A great article that relegates our routine scramble into momentary futility by taking us to a virtual visit of an ultra-modern utility. It is a very timely article.
    It is an article that unwittingly camouflaged Eritrea in the African desert. In that desert, don’t you think Eritrea is the lost of the lost? With the exception of your missed burp mentioning its name when you talked about the debt of its neighbours and privatization of their sectors, you succeeded in not talking about it except in its blended countries form. What would you have said if you were to say something about Eritrea other than the stretching of fiber-optics you mention on a comment? BTW where does such news you mentioned get published? I try to read regularly the regime’s mouthpieces!

    • Mahmud Saleh

      Selam HaileS
      I think Eritrea is found in Africa. I commented about how African countries have lagged behind because “[all] the above advancements have come at the expense of developing countries that have been cheated, bullied, manipulated, and threatened by powerful entities (states, firms, and agencies), using contemporary strategies such as financial and security coercions. This, in addition to immature political institutions, which have pursued misguided domestic policies…”
      I brought the three countries to show China’s “debt-trap diplomacy”.
      Anyway, Nitrickay’s comment reminds us to chill out and discuss articles within their scopes. I know you are among those who are benefiting from the advancement of technologies in their career. Would you discuss how it could affect the developing world?
      The other day I watched an interview of an Eritrean who is the president of Danish Eritrean Networking Association. He explained how his association partnered with Eritrean libraries and colleges to provide them with IT supplies to upgrade their performances; he talked about how they were helping those institutions to digitize the libraries and bring IT to the class where students can benefit from local portals.
      I understand the tendency is to paint a doom and gloom scenarios, always and everywhere. Change has never come through negativity. Yes, there are bright spots and we have to increase the positive vibrations. If Eritreans were to heed the diaspora’s negativity, we would not have an Eritrea to speak of. Luckily, there is enough of a mass that understands the confluence of factors affecting their lives. They are able to sift through the piles of negativity to keep their bearing. I have always said changes come by hopeful and dedicated citizens. Trust me, the above is is mine, and mine only. No instruction has been received from PFDJ.
      Concerning the fiber cable and projects of renovations, I don’t know if they were particularly talked about. However, they were implied in news, PIA speech, and the seminars conducted by officials. But I can confirm them to you. It is up to you to take them or leave them.
      Regards.

      • Haile S.

        Selam Mahmud,

        First, I will never suspect you of getting instruction from PFDJ offices. You are a person more than capable of taking his own initiatives even in defending the PFDJ. Remember I told you, you are a tegadalay with a vibe! I am for the positive march, and my comment was not at all to decelerate you! I think you are becoming hypersensitive. If at all you are becoming PFDJ, it is in this aspect.
        Now to the science without forgetting its politics. PFDJ is asking for secularism in every thing including in your reference to Nitricc’s note; when we talk of technology, don’t talk of politics! The problem is PFDJ is asking for that while its is proselytizing its religion itself. Secularism works in a country that have constitution and law or at least in a country that endeavours to abide by the constitution and law. Lack of that the guiding principle of the rulers becomes a religion. This lack is the denominator of everything, and the source for the impossibility to separate politics from every discussion on Eritrea.
        I don’t want to talk about my profession here, but I can tell you using the technology you talked I can give services without physically being there. And the possibility and technology will grow more, the door is open … I and/through a friend who went there for vacation attempted to make contacts, but people’s mind wasn’t there…. Other dedicated few eritreans have already started the technological contact years back, but I am not authorized to talk about the hurdles they faced and continue to do so, and I don’t have full knowledge of it. Another example, few weeks ago I was talking with another friend who wants to do a very cool pilot project that can alleviate one of the difficulties a family faces. He was ready for around 10K$ fund and contacted the highest representative in his residential country. The first sentence that came out of the mouth of the later was the two headed hammer, “do you pay 2% to begin with”. PFDJ has to stop asking their dream for the total surrender asking people to join Ghedli with ነጸላ like in the old days. No one is going to Sawa voluntarily, unless they it bring back by decree strictly to its 18 months service, so to speak! And no one will volunteer to walk when they are chaining his feet!
        Mahmud, I understand you are pushing for the positivity and I admire that. But you have to admit when the guiding line, initiative and exemplary willpower, even a shadow of it does not come from the ruling clique; when this clique only acts as a dedicated harsh Prison Guard, the prisoners don’t have the moral nor their visitors like us.

        • Mahmud Saleh

          Selam HaileS
          As long as PFDJ is running the country, it will be the source of laws of the country. So, pay your 2% and get involved. Even Bronwyn Burton who beat SAAY paid her 2%…haha.
          I don’t misread you but I believe you could float above the average.

          • Haile S.

            ሰላም ማሕሙድ፡

            ሕማም ተላገብ ሒዙካ
            ናብ 2% ጥራይ ኣድሂብካ
            ድሓን ኣምሲ፡ እዚ ወ’ድሓንካ!

          • Brhan

            Hello MS,
            FYI 2% is illegal in Canada so do you have any secrets how it is paid ?

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Hailat,

          I don’t understand Mahmud, that while he is defending the government (PFDJ) policy, in all his writing and comments, why does he become repulsive when we tell him so? You don’t have to be a card holder to support the regime. Anyone could have his own reason to support the regime. But the problem will be when their support to the “powerful government” is against the powerless Eritrean people. Always, governments are powerful and they have every tool to suppress the public. It is easy to stand with the powerful but it requires courage to stand with weak or the powerless.

          • Haile S.

            Selam Emma,
            It is ቅልውላው, wariness. I like to watch crime show. The other day, it was about a hostage taking. An armed man takes his former wife and his daughter as hostages. The police secretly surrounds the house without the knowledge of the hostage taker. No call for reason from the former wife could dissuade the guy. Then the little daughter lets her fluid and he allows her to go clean. After a while, she comes back with the dog from upstairs and tells her dad he never went out to p…. The dad was furious, but lets her take the dog out for just that, and tells her if she doesn’t come back in minutes, he will come out and shoot the dog. The girl is saved immediately after she comes out of the house by the police. When the girl doesn’t come back, the man comes out shouting right into the hands of the police looking for the girl.
            I am sure, Mahmud will never let the man to go back to threaten or kill the former wife again. He just wants to see the regime out of the threshold of the house.

          • Saleh Johar

            HaileS and Emma,
            I do not believe Mahmoud is a supporter of the regime but he is too loyal to old buddies. He doesn’t like the pfdj but he hates the opposition, any opposition, more. So, out of the two, the choice is difficult if not obvious.

            The second thing is, he is full of hate for the Weyane—they were buddies and I do not know how the love and hate was developing in that aspect. So, abaaesuna is his call and if you do not respond, you are in trouble..

            Apart from that, he is a reserved person whose views you cannot know exactly even if you point a gun at his head But he is very reserved in expressing his true humanly possible views

            You think it was for nothing Ali Salim Christined him as Pasha
            (Mahmouday, it’s a joke)

          • Nitricc

            Hey SJ; I guaranteed you MS disagrees with PFDJ more than any!
            That is not it, SJ! MS doesn’t support the Eritrean government; he supports unconditionally the wellbeing of Eritrea. He understands that Eritrea’s future is as good as the current leaders will leave Eritrea. He doesn’t deny this fact and handles it with absolute care, this to say unlike yourself, Aman-H and Haile-S; your guys are blinded by hate to the government of Eritrea that has yielded to addiction and exposed you, by default, to anti Eritrea’s wellbeing. What you people are ignoring out of this absolute hate is that the
            very fact that Eritrea is led by the current government and this government could make and break the nation. You people don’t give a flying hoot what the government does to the nation as long as this government is humiliated, degraded, attacked and destroyed. I do agree you have the right to oppose the government but you should do so by not undermining the wellbeing of the nation, the nation you supposed to care and paid something. I understand, your hate and the grudge you have inside but you should consider both ways. If you are unable to differentiate
            between the government and the wellbeing of the nation; please refrain from raining on people who does care and differentiate between the two. It is not secret where each of you stands and please don’t insult our intelligence. I am sorry if each of you are disappointed that Weyane couldn’t dislodge PFDJ; at least we know that Aman-H is living in pain and agony. Please give as a break.

          • Haile S.

            Selam Nitricc,

            You said one and only one truth, the rest being innuendo. You repeated the hostage event I mentioned yesterday (shown above) and you developed it by adding a timebomb on the waist of the hostage taker, so to speak. You said “Eritrea is led by the current government and this government could make and break the nation”. That is what the regime wants, the saddest association a governing body to do to its country attaching a timebomb to the life of both and saying unless you save me, I take the whole country with me. That is exactly the reason every eritrean inside his/her-self is against this regime.That is the reason it is taking decades to bring change. If you think this hostage taker is foolish, I agree with you, you tell him, he is the best husband ever and has every reason to beat the woman and his own daughter and agree to leave them together. If you think this man is not that foolish, you tell him what he is doing is totally wrong. Who knows he might understand and agree for a resolution.
            Thank you Nitricc for telling one truth!

          • Hope

            Selam Nitttric:
            Good and honest points!

            When allowed, please repost the link on Eri-Made Solar Power Project awate.com(your post from TN.Com)

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Merhaba Saleh,

            Sorry to disagree with your assessment. If one congratulate for a criminal leader and defend every policy of the evil man (a) supporting to a leader who ordered to shot our handicaped veteran (b) supporting to a leader who refuse to recognize as his own people to those who died in the high seas and hot deserts (c) supporting to a leader who deny the dead bodies of our own to be buried in their homeland (d) a leader who build 262 prisons to throw anyone on his way than building schools and hospitals (e) a leader who is merciless to our youth for sending them to endless slavery (f) a leader who made our country the poorest of the poor…..etc can not be against the man and his party. In fact I saw my friend Mahmuday as one who fights to see a leader who is a student of him. Issayas is his idol and anything he touched loves it.

            Regards

          • Mahmud Saleh

            MarHababu Emma
            I think we have made lots of laps along this track. Spending time on personal attacks and counterattacks is not my favorite thing. I’m doing it reluctantly because you guys are dragging me to it. Let me say it for the umpteenth time: I have never ever been a part of the kind of opposition you have been engaged in. I have told you this so many times. Second, I surely congratulated the people of Eritrea, the government of Eritrea and the president of Eritrea for pulling the rug from under Wayane feet. If you want me to say it again, there you have it. Third- you said “Mahmuday has to make self-assessments on all his positions and stand up with the powerless Eritrean people.” You mean the powerless opposition of Emma, or the toothless opposition of Emma? Otherwise the people of Eritrea are resilient and powerful. ንጸላእቲ ኤርትራ ሓደ ብሓደ እና ኣሕቐቐ እዩ።
            Eritrea never kneels. But you will have to have an Eritrean spirit to understand this. I have fought you tooth and nail on Eritrean sovereign issues and you have always been on the wrong side of history, Do not hide behind democracy, justice and other fancy terms. You have been hellbent to see history rewritten to settle scores. You told us time and again that you would support the TPLF to do aggressive acts to get rid of the Eritrean government; you worked hard to organize a politico-military force that would invade Eritrea from Ethiopia. And this is at time when Eritrea and Ethiopia were in a state of war. Why would I support your opposition? I opposed it from day one and I’m proud of that. The kind of opposition you have been taunting should never be the model after which future opposition will be shaped, because frankly, politically, there was no difference between you and the TPLF regime that had ruled Ethiopia. So, be proud and say “I’m Meles!!”

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Mahmuday,

            You can not exit from the trap you are in. Why? And here is the answer: You don’t have to be with the opposition to oppose the criminal act of the regime. You could your own advocacy against the regime and can echo the grievance of the Eritrean people independently. There is no hiding behind the bogeyman “wayane” to exonerate yourself of taking position with the killer government that started with his colleagues and extended to the public at large. You are not even sensitive to tens of thousand prisoner who have not chance to see a day in the court of justice.

            My friend Mahmuday, the border war was the project of the man you never failed to appreciate and congratulate him. He was calling the Ethiopian Government to face him if they have the guts. He called them empty barrel that gives noises only. He told the international world that he will not leave badme even if the sun stop rising up from the east. He remind them that they told him that they are coming on September and it is up. The rest is history. He took us to all kind of wars with our neighbors and went up to Congo for the reasons you know. You were supporting all this disastrous wars and we are not still out of the wood. Now the bygone is bygone, abandon the criminal regime and stand up with the Eritrean people. It is not too late my dear Mahmuday. As much as I love you I hate your positions.

            Regard

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Selam Emma
            The game has been declared over. You are just full of wyanay zeal, that’s all. Look at how you see at the causes of the war. It is a typical TPLFite cadre’s ta;king points. Let’s please move on. I would invite you to read BerheY’s input on the subject matter of the article and chip in some thoughts.

          • Selam Amanuel H.,

            Let me ask you, “are you not still a devoted supporter of the powerful tplf/woyane dictatorship against the powerless ethiopians, with all your heart, mind and power?”. Could you be a justice seeker in eritrea and a supporter of dictatorship and injustice in ethiopia at the same time? Do you think that you can convince your readers when you have a diametrically opposite stand on two similar situations? If standing against pfdj requires courage, and at the same time standing with tplf/woyane may show courage, what exactly is courage? Injustice is injustice everywhere, and dictatorship either in eritrea, ethiopia or any other country is just dictatorship and nothing else and it is called as such, and not differently for different reasons.

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Selam Horizon
            That was exactly what my argument has been through the years when responding to Hayat’s Squad. Remember when Aggaazi army was brutalizing Ethiopia, they were hard on IA but supportive of the TPLF regime. Their loyalty to the TPLF continues because they have no chance to stand a free election even if it were set up tomorrow. They have invested too much in their dependence on the TPLF. To his credit, only Saleh Johar was trying to set alarms about the games Weyane was playing. My dear Emma is a loyal student of Meles Zenawi, bless his heart. Plus he doesn’t understand that there are ways of expressing one’s view without necessarily becoming the echo chamber of digital wayane.
            Dr. Ahmed actually liberated the poor Agaazi soldiers. At least they are today called Ethiopian Army.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Merhaba Mahmuday,

            I was a supporter of Meles’s leadership and the governing party EPRDF. I did not shy away from the position I had. I still support EPRDF to lead Ethiopia for the sake of their stability and security. Wish them to get a good leader like Meles in this critical situation. Supporting EPRDF is not supporting TPLF if you have an open mind that understand. EPRDF the front-party was governing the last two decades and is still governing under the leadership of Abiy. Ethiopia has never administered by a single party nor lead by a prime minister only hailed from a single party the last 28 years. Wake up to understand the truth and start talking by the book. ካብዚ በላቤሎው ፖለቲካ ህግደፍ ክትወጽእ አሎካ መታን ብሕግታት ናይ ፓለቲካ ክትዛረብ ክትበቅዕ::

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Selam Emma,
            You said, “…መታን ብሕግታት ናይ ፓለቲካ ክትዛረብ ክትበቅዕ.” OK, I admit I am novice in politics. Now, consider this: you defended Meles, THE PERSON, in many occasions. I never defended IA, THE PERSON. Do you get that. I’m calling you the disciple of Meles Zenawi based on your known reverence and devotion to Meles. Forget about EPRDF, you are not going to fool anyone. Until 2018, EPRDF was the garb (gabi) of the TPLF. And TPLF created a kleptocratic system, siphoning Ethiopia’s wealth for the few well connected. That is the story my friend. It is not something I’m making, just open up and listen to Ethiopians. By the way, you will need to change channel from wayanista to the Ethiopian mainstream channel to get this in full. Eritrea is passing through a critical juncture of its history after years of isolation emboldened by folks like you. It is my hope both Eritrea and Ethiopia break free from the shackles of the past and move on towards a bright future, and I will do everything within my power to realize that.

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Mahmud,

            The war of 1998-2000 was the fault of both the EPLF-PFDJ and TPLF-EPRDF. Among other things both were trying hard to prove to America that they are top dog in the region.

            By the way,the corruption in Ethiopia has no relevance or bearing on the reasons for the war, it is their internal issue. It is none of our business. So stay on topic.

            Furthermore, there has always been corruption in Ethiopia, during the emperor, the filthy derg and now. During the tej bet [enda mes] socialist derg, ethnic mafias had their sphere of influence. The Shoa Amhara controlled jobs at Ethiopian Airlines, ECA, OAU, ILCA and other foreign institutions. The Gojjame controlled Central Planning and National Bank. The Gondere had a stranglehold on the the Ministry of Finance, Insurance and Commercial Bank. Your darlings and perpetual moaners, the one and only, Oromos controlled EDDC [consumer goods distribution] and probably Coffee marketing. The Gurage cornered the various contracts to supply goods to government institutions at rip-off prices. I forgot who had his fingers on Chat [Khat] marketing, probably majordomo, chief streetwise criminal and professor of executions Menghistu H.

            Now,on the leaders: we can’t deny that both Isaias and Meles are/was clever and intelligent. But, like the rest of us, suffer/ed from character flaws. In short, Isaias is rigid and stubborn, while Meles was flexible.

          • Alex

            Hi Amanuel,
            The young Eritrean generation are confused by people like yourself in the opposition when you start admiring Meles who is not even admired at the moment in whole Ethiopia except tigray. When does some body become a good leader who deported 90K innocent Eritreans because he does not like the color of their eyes, Killed more than 200 in daylight in disputed election in 2005 in Addis Abeba, more in Gambella and other areas of Ethiopia.

          • habte

            Hi Alex
            Please grow up and have a life, don’t just bring the baseless propaganda that you have been fed by the evil regime People know much better than what you are trying to spew
            thanks

          • Alex

            Hi Habte,
            What propaganda are you talking about. Every thing I wrote about Meles above is a fact. I think you smell a digital woyane to me. If you want challenge all what I stated above if not take a hike.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Alex,

            I have recognized that you lecture about Woyane and digital woyane too much. I thought this an indication that you specialize in this group of people. Of course, this makes you an expert in them. If you don’t mind it, I would like your reverence to explain to us the role of woyane in the world, I mean their quantity, quality, and function of this front among the international community. Secondly, I would like you to add to your illustrations the benefits you will gain, as an individual and group, from fighting this front. Thirdly, it will be very good if you tell us why do your future lies in the hands of woyane only? amazingly, your whole future appears to be in their hands. If that is the case, then why don’t you cooperate with them instead of fighting them? Believe me, you give your readers the impression that your entire future lies in the hands of woyane. You seem to be without an alternative for your future.

            Al-Arabi

          • Teodros Alem

            selam horizon
            i always say u r a facebook dog and am right, u r a sick dog! u call ethiopians helpless and miserable woyane powerful with 1 million soldiers. u can fool those who don’t know how woyane facebook dog function but for those who do. U can’t.
            having said that, aman h is a foot soldier of woyane, he is doing his job, so do u.

          • Hi Teodros Alem,
            I told you so many times, but you do not understand and you do not get it. I hate to communicate with mentally deranged people like you. Of course, it is difficult for you to grasp such simple concepts.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam horizon
            no i didn’t communicate with u , there is a different between communication and telling u the truth that u r sick dog cadre.

          • Hi Teodros Alem,

            You are delusional and incoherent. What are you smoking? It is not a good sign. Why don’t look for help before you go crazy? You have unhealthy relation with everybody in this forum, which shows that you are the wrong person in the wrong place.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam horizon
            forget delusional this, incoherent that bulshite nonsense talk and reread your own comment about woyane before 3A. It is clrear u r a sick dog cadre and that is the point.

          • Hi Teodros Adem,

            I said “You have unhealthy relation with everybody in this forum, which shows that you are the wrong person in the wrong place.” and your response was, “And yes, i have unhealthy relation with liars, greedy people , narrow minded people ,twisted people, haters, sick dogs and so on.”.

            This shows your delusional state of mind to think the above about everybody else except yourself. All the characterizations you mentioned above portray you as a human being and nobody else.You live in an alternate reality as opposed to normal human beings, and you may not understand your miserable state of mind. I hope you will get some help before you go completely over the edge.

            Because it is impossible to reach a logical conclusion with a lunatic, and most importantly i respect the website, i have to stop here.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam horizon
            I said u r a sick dog cadre who don’t hesitate to harm even ur own family for greed and simple paycheck.
            U have no principle in life, except greed and eating and ur own past and present words is a prove.
            Not every body in this forum is a liar, stupid, greedy ,woyane, sick dog , idiot like u. There r people that i admire the most in this forum.

  • Nitricc

    The most fascinating competition, nonetheless, is focused oncomputing sciences. The holy grail in the computing world, or the next “big thing,” is believed to be quantum computation, where quantum computers are expected to crunch astronomical numbers and execute commands at an unbelievably aster rate.

    Your majesty; Good read, it is sickness as well as stupid to see some people mixing this article in to Eritrean politics. Anyway; what I wanted to comment was regarding your take
    of Quantum computing. It is true Quantum computers are the next big thing and the holy-grail of all computers but they present their own challenge and doubt. The biggest challenge in Quantum computing’s are temperature control and Quantum circuits that is called Qubits. For Quantum computing the temperature must be below -273 degree C or -495 degree F on helium refrigerators and this limitations makes quantum computing unlikely to replace the current computer system that we have. The other challenge for
    Quantum is Qubits, it means simply quantum bits. For quantum to be useful it needs millions of Qubits but if you need -273 degree C to cool few tens of Qubits of today’s quantum computers how do you cool millions of Qubits that are needed to make quantum computing the next holy-grail is the challenge. And work is in progress to find cooling system that will make quantum computing possible and I am sure sooner or later the solution will be in place. In the meantime, hold on to your current computer system.

    • Mahmud Saleh

      Ahlan Nitrickay
      Exactly. As you said they will overcome that hurdle. Remember, the capacity of the set of computers that sent the astronauts to the moon was smaller than what my mobile phone can do today, and they were enormous machines that filled halls. So, the heavy lifting is in the initial stages and according to the latest news I read is promising.

    • Brhan

      Hello Nitricc,
      You said ” it is sickness as well as stupid to see some people mixing this article in to Eritrean politics’

      Here is an Eritrean proverb and I will translate it to you to English ( in case you do not know Tigrinya) as much as I can.
      ሳዕስዕ ግን ሓዳርካ አይትረስዕ dance but don’t forget your family
      Two days ago we heard in the news
      1)about peaceful demonstration conducted by Eritrean refugees in Cairo, Egypt and who were met by tear gases and arrests
      2) that the Abuna Antonyos of the Eritrean Orthodox church was illegal removed from his postion
      3) there was Gfa ( round up ) in Hagaz, Eritrea
      The above and similar news are about our Eritrean family at large. Reading about technology must not stop us to share info about our Eritrean brothers and sister, if not then we are “sick and stupid”

      • Nitricc

        Hi Brhan; you misunderstood my take. here is what I was saying…

        Hi MS, I am just curious here that how is that a person like you in favor of high tech while supporting a lunatic that opposes against any advancement in technology or social life in Eritrea?

        Now; you tell me what the point was about that stupid comment? Go ahead tell me?

      • Blink

        Dear Brhan
        Is ሓዳርካ used as in the same as family in this translating skill of yours ? I mean I don’t expect Nitricc to give a hot day wink but you are expected.

        • Brhan

          Dear Blink,
          Thank you for your effort to give your input to my comment I hope its content shed a light

          • Blink

            Dear Brhan
            You bet , it’s content does shed light to what you wanted to convey but I was only interested to know if the actual translation was correct if infact your effort was to teach Nitricc a Tigrinja proverb.

  • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

    Selamat Seb-Awate!

    5G ዶ በልካ?
    G ተበልካስ Grand መሲሉኒ
    ጊጋቢት ምዃኑ ጠፊኡኒ

    የግዳስ
    የግዳስ: ኤርትራኸ ክንደይ G ኣለዋ በልኩ
    ንድሕሪት ተመለስኩ
    ሓደ ዓሰርተ Gታት?

    ብርጋደር ዋላ ምሉእ ጀነራላት
    ኣብ ዓስራይ-ክፍሊ ዝበቖሉ ንዓመታት
    ምንጪ ናይ ህዝብና ስቅያት

    ክላ ግደፉና ‘ያኸ
    ኣብዚ ይኣኽለኒ ከይሃውተትኩ
    ግዜ ፈላስፋታት-ዓዋተ ከይቅተልኩ

  • said

    Greetings,
    Way Forward Ethiopian’s Potential Economic Salvation and conformity to the two pillars of good governance: Transparency and Accountability.
    PMAA and the Ethiopian regime (EPRDF) — are in a very precarious situation as being purposely put by Ethiopian s customary donors, the US, European and recently Chian and Gulf Oil Sheikdoms states, in unprecedented dire economic and financial situation intended to coerce Ethiopia to subscribe to the Trump Administration’s dubious neoliberalism free economy
    It is much the fault of the old Ethiopia, mainly many Century-Old Absolute Rule of the King Haile Selassie Rulers, for both, First, having failed to exercise wider political options to diversify their political alliances over the years; and, Second, the fatal failure of the Ruling kingdom Dynasty of engaging in serious political reform and the sharing of power with truly elected representatives of the Ethiopian public.
    Except for cosmetic changes giving a sham appearance of Democracy, the Ethiopian Monarch still was holding all the strings of power in Ethiopian; remains beyond accountability, right above the law, with Ethiopian remaining without properly organized political parties of genuine wide followings that can participate in National Elections and form independent Governments answerable to a freely elected Parliament. The challenges facing Ethiopian on embarking on a genuine Reform touching on all aspects of Ethiopian Life is twofold: 1) The lack of will of the Ruling Ethiopian party to share power to start with, sticking to old way like the century old Absolute Monarchic Rule; and, 2) The shortsighted policies, , to institute non-written policies that tended to disfavor, rather exclude some of many ethnic group in Ethiopian ,Close to 50% of the total Ethiopian population from jobs in the Public sector pertaining to the Armed forces; the Ethiopian Internal Security forces; Government run educational and learning institutions.
    This equally applies to the very low misrepresentation of Ethiopian a fair representation in the Ethiopian Parliament and in the country’s council of ministers, other than cosmetic one .
    Found between a Rock and a Hard Place, the political future and the Sovereignty of Ethiopian appears to hang in the balance as a most unreliable US ally and its subservient lackey Arab oil Sheikhdoms are intent on helping finically with conidiation attached
    Thus, in lieu of remaining a targeted “Sitting Duck” facing the inevitable demise of sovereignty, Ethiopian is urgently in need of a Plan “B” for the Salvation, future Immunity & Protection of Ethiopian’s Sovereignty.
    Ethiopian’s endemic economic and security problems, huddling as a “Sitting Duck” at the mercy of a powerful western donor Ethiopia is Lacking the Political Will to act independently and Break Away from the tutelage of the US and the Western Imperialist powers that have proven for an entire century to be biased and double standard always favoring tiny obedient ruling elite.
    However, failing with time to introduce genuine political reforms in order to keep the dictatorial grip of the Regime, the Absolute Rule of the EPRDF over all aspects of Ethiopian’ life in check; and, by consequence, disband a flourishing system of a corrupt Constellation of a Deep State Institutions striking deep roots into the Ethiopian society that is controlling Ethiopia ’s sociopolitical and socioeconomic agendas,Ethiopian’s fate as a Sovereign entity and the future of the Ethiopian ruling class appears to be in the balance. This, unless Ethiopia embarks boldly on a “Plan B” that would save the day for Ethiopia and for all inclusive Ethiopian .
    Ironically, and as is much expected, corruption seeped deeper into private citizens’ general conduct and equally into the governance of Ethiopian Institutions, almost by design. The corruption of the character of the average Ethiopian individual is growing increasingly dependent on the conditional approvals and acceptance of the Deep State that is in turn closely answerable to an Absolute Rule, created an unhealthy environment of mistrust and improprieties. The Ethiopian Deep State are not without close links with the Agencies of the donor states, foremost that of the United States of America.
    With relatively high-educated Ethiopian population concomitant with failing security and recent educational systems in nearly All the neighboring horn of Africa countries, Ethiopian can be the privileged position to capitalize on its huge Potential in Agriculture and services associate with Agre industries and new found free zone generally Advanced, however, poorly regulated promising high-value added economic sectors such factory other Services sector; Ethiopian’s relatively not well-developed, however overly commercialized and partly mismanaged Educational Institutions; as well as, promising Small to Medium Size enterprises and shout start specializing in the IT, the Internet and Social network systems field that remain underfunded and are outside the purview of Ethiopian’s policy planners. This is a potentially promising high-value added sector requiring nurturing and constant support.
    However, the stifling of critical thinking; absence of political reforms and endemic Government Budget Deficits, ALL compounded by increasingly compromised Individual character seeping into hopfull promising high-value Medical, Educational and high-tech sectors. It is depriving Ethiopian from the promising golden opportunity at economic self-sufficiency, Sustainable economic growth and, by corollary, political Independence.
    There is an opportunity and promising Medical Sector that is a candidate to play the engine of growth of the entire Ethiopian economy, has become overly commercialized and deeply unregulated shaving off the standing and the reputation of Ethiopian in one of the major promising high-value growth field
    Ethiopian true Economic, Security and general public behavioral problems, near total lack of a sense of Social Responsibility, lie in the absence of true political reform and an Absolute rule intent on keeping connected to a subservient status in its relations with Washington and the Western powers, a Tutelage Status that gnaws into Ethiopian ’s Independent Free Political Will.
    The secret of the maintenance of that kind of a Tutelage relations with the generally hegemonic Western Camp, more specifically the US, appears to stem from the Ethiopian Regime’s misplaced conviction that the US and the West are the Sole Guarantors of the continuing Survival of the Absolute Rule and that they alone possess the levers of power
    The Ethiopian Regime is oblivious of the fast-changing geopolitical realities and Washington’s changing rules of the Game. Ethiopia is rendered a ‘Sitting Duck’ devoid of alternative options, vulnerable without a Plan B to Fall back onto.
    However, all been said, Ethiopian could start perceiving of a gradual, carefully planned exit strategy of its current impasse and ever deteriorating economic situation by adopting a consensual “National Plan” that Ethiopian needs to carry out determinedly and steadily. A National Plan that would ultimately ensure the Breakaway of Ethiopia from a counterproductive from US and the West’s Sphere of Influence, as well as from answering to the humiliating wishes of the lackey Gulf Proxies. However, for a start, the Ethiopian Should Insist on the implementation of Political Reforms. In parallel, rather simultaneously, Ethiopian needs to heal its relations and restore good ties with all horn of Africa’s countries rather foster closer economic and trade relations. Besides, and to assist Jordan in the implementation of self-sufficiency,Ethiopian Plan ‘B’ should contain a thorough, well-thought through economic plan with the objective of achieving economic independence and sustainable economic growth with strict conformity to the two pillars of good governance: Transparency and Accountability.
    Ethiopian needs to open up, a priori, as the main component of Ethiopian’s Economic Salvation Plan, on China. This, firstly at the private and quasi-government inter-institutional levels between the Ethiopian Institutions and the Chinese Institutions, in a gradual process to try avoid a sudden break with Washington and Western powers, avoiding drastic counter measures and alleviating economic revenge. Secondly, Ethiopian needs to open wide channels of closer cooperation with the Chinese – who are eager to consolidate a presence in West Asia region. A co-operation over a wide gamut of different fields and at different economic levels.
    For a start, the Chinese would need, ultimately, to jointly conduct with their Ethiopian counterparts a full survey of each Ethiopian economic sector, determine the merits of each sector of the potentials of future growth and added high value; besides, and accordingly, set the parameters for the active development and growth of the each of the economic sectors of high added value on a global basis to become targets for Chinese Investment Capital of both the private company-to-company levels, as well as, especially with the launching of an ambitious PPP (“Public Private Partnership”), with the Chinese government for the execution of mega economic projects, mainly in the general public services areas and the utilities’ sectors.
    As the Chinese are expected to move in force to assist the Ethiopian in the rebuilding of their country, a commonality and complementarity could exist between Ethiopia and Eritrea in connecting with some of the Hydro dame mega projects, such as in the electric power field.
    China is equally making major strides in the fields of renewable energy, with a particular headway in solar energy; this, along with artificial intelligence in which China is moving in strides, a field that’s open to so many potentially rewarding economic applications. Furthermore, and as being the world leader in the production of Solar Panels and conversion to Solar energy, China could greatly help Ethiopian remote area become an energy Independent country.
    Naturally, the still, relatively generous aid package that Ethiopian receives from the US US$ Tens of Million a year, requires creative thinking as to how to circumvent and gradually ease out of it with the contemplation of possible other practical alternatives.
    Finally, and in view of Ethiopia ’s small class relatively highly educated population and generally very bad good infrastructure, Ethiopian diplomacy lead by PMAA could play a hub to the other distressed war-torn neighboring horn of Africa countries that would further contribute to Ethiopian’s economic growth and the forging of closer bi-lateral trade and economic ties with these countries.

  • Brhan

    Hello Awate,

    According to BBC around 500 Eritreans in Cairo, Egypt conducted a peaceful demonstration in front of the UNHCR office today.

    Their slogan was “where is UN?”

    BBC also reported that the Egyptian police used tear gas and arrests has been made and also injures occurred during the demo.

    I hope those who conducted the demo have the blue UN card because if they do they are protected persons under the international law and they can not be deported to Eritrea.

    Egypt has been a second home to many Eritrean refugees since the 60s of the last century. I hope the Egyptian authorities assist these refugees so that the UN can listen to their woos.

  • Blink

    Dear MS
    This was a good weekend at last , we need it because what else is there to do with a life long political discussion. Any way my view is we Africans can only beat the raw material hungry western or chines economy if we can focus to our number one resource and that is MAN Power. To do that we need a brick that can unlock the game.The answer is 1.education 2. education 3. education especially the chines model education like vocational colleges that can produce man power who can lift the economy from ground like technical schools .Africa needs tons of vocational schools to outbreak from chines professional dependency. Ethiopian manufacturing sector is still managed by chines people and I think for Ethiopian economy to break out from such they need many vocational education ceneters to simply out bid the contractors in all manufacturing sectors . In general for African countries vocational education is the way out of they need to use their enormous man power .
    While I don’t want to say a word about free market or any kind of that , I think it is abundantly clear that managed economic structure simply are not the way to go in general . The free market economy has been the engine of enormous innovation in the world . Most managed economy produce their own based on the innovation of the Free market . The design of the current global economy would have lagged way way back if it was not managed by free market spearheading the innovation muscles . Ethiopian economy open door is a must if in-fact the economy is need to show up in the scale of hiring people who can work and innovate . Chines economy was foot lifted by the free market up until now . The notion developing countries should stay with closed market to the innovation society is simply not sustainable.

    Managed economy has simply a backlogged head only to produce few elites who have no value to innovation and at this age an economy who get scared to free market and innovation is going to stay there begging investments for political reasons not for value . Ethiopian economy did grow but at what price and also does it help people to go to work ? If you check their GDP growth and the unemployed youth who have degree is simply horrible and we are talking about 2 decades lost chance . Ethiopian economy has to Enter privatisation because it is the only solution unless it will die soon in between 5 years . The reason I am saying this is that the population growth and the economy growth value is not matched and that needs a fundamental change . Developmental economy is simply going to do more harm at this stage than help . The motivational factor in managed economy is going to fail once the few elite start to grow due to failure to completely insulated the economy from the general public pressure . Ethiopian economy failure was mismanagement of the loan and the loan management was so poor that an individual can order air plane for no reason . Ethiopian economy will enter in to debt trap soon if the government didn’t do something like selling all government owned companies.

    Africa needs private sector to swim freely guided by the environmental protection system as well as robust tax structure that don’t mingle in politics but that will be very hard to do while fighting for ethnic politics.

  • Paulos

    Selam MaHmuday,

    This is great stuff. Good for you ሓርበኛ ተጋዳላይ! Wish could say more but I am not feeling well as the sore throat is turning into a full blown nasty cold. Again, well done!

    • Mahmud Saleh

      Selam Paulosay
      Thanks, get well.

    • Haile S.

      ሰላም ጳውሎስ

      ተቐበል ኪሎ ኣራንሺ እንሃልካ ድኣ’ሲ
      ክኾነካ ቢታሚኖ ሲ
      ናይ መኹስኻ ናይ L. Pauling ፈውሲ
      ነዛ ተሕክኸካ ጎረሮ መደዓዓሲ
      እንታይ ይብሃል’ሲ
      መልሓስካ ተኣሲራ ብጸረ ቃልሲ
      ይኣክል ካይትብል ምሳና ካይተማሲ
      ተሸሒርካ:-) ካይትኸውን፡ ገለ’ላታ እዚኣ’ሲ
      ጨሓይ ኣብዝበዝሖ በየን መጸ ባይረስ ወዲ ቫይረሲ

      ሰሚዕካ’ዶ ዕላለ
      መሃንድስ ወዲ ምዕባለ
      መጺኡ’ ሎ እንዳዘለለ፡ ከም ማንቲለ
      ብቃንኡ ዝልለ
      ወይ ብግጥማ እትልለ
      ኣብርሀት ካይትብል እንታይ ወሪድዎ ኣያ ሃይለ
      ተባዕታይ ጥራይ ዝርኣዮ፡ ኣብ ዘመን 6G ዘይማዕበለ
      ሰብ ብAI ይጻፋዕ ንሱ ክምለስ ኣዚለ?
      ዝኾነ ኮይኑ ንቀበላ ንምዕባለ
      ምሃንዲሳ ትኹን digitaለ

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam Said,

    I like your argument and for sure Free Market Economy (FME) is not the answer for developing countries like Ethiopia. FME could not feed the exploding world population in the near future. You have stated the problems that existed within that policy. The gap between the haves and have not is widening exponentially with in the leading proponents countries of FME. Just let us see in the USA: the top 1% owns 70% of the wealth of the country. Without going in to details Ethiopia needs the partnership between the “private sector and the state” with the power of the state to regulate – and hence the “developmental state” is the only way out for developing countries to curve the greedy mind of monopolists of our era.

    Second, a brotherly advice to you. For the sake of your readers try to avoid “compound-complex sentences” of independent and dependent clauses connected with comma, coordinating conjunctions, and semicolon. Use “simple sentences” and “simple-compound sentences” to convey your message. By doing that your messages will find traction on the receivers end. Another way of doing it is, to split your points in to (a,b,c…) so that your readers will see your points clearly.

    regards

    • Mahmud Saleh

      Selam Emma
      I tend to share your point with the caveat that there is no such 100% free market economy. Even in the USA, the promoter of free market, there are many sectors that are run by the government. Therefore, the “free market” concept is elastic and is always discussed in relation to something else. Of course, Adam Smith’s concept of laissez faire is what liberal economists aspire to see. However, in the real sense, governments all over the world apply some type of control over the economy, many capitalist economies do include public ownership and joint ventures. In my article, I don’t delve to the topic but my response to Horizon was based on Ethiopia’s unique experience. Ethiopia has been going through the developmental state model for the past 30 years. Sure, there are notable gains. However, there are also examples of mismanagement and corruption that stalled many projects. Some of those completed projects are not productive. I think this lesson is what pushed the government of Ethiopia to open up some sectors for private investments. Here, too, I’m not advocating for the kind of hands-off management the liberals demand. The ills are not in opening up for private sector but on what you open, how far do you open it, and if the required governmental oversight is provided.
      As you put it, entering into joint venture is an option but it should be limited to important sections of the economy. This allows the government to focus on areas the private sector would not normally go, or would not be allowed to control for strategic reasons. For instance, railway transportation is very strategic for landlocked Ethiopia. Others, such as public works, education, health, mining and so on could still invite limited private partnership but the lion’s share will be run by the government. I think developing institutional capacity is more important for the governments of Africa than owning and running enterprises. The regulatory policies and the capacities to execute them are as important.
      Regards.

  • Kokhob Selam

    Ahlan Mahmud Saleh,

    This is my field ( Telecommunication) it is very interesting article..

    I want you to read about 5D too. It is more than 5G in spiritual world… I have mentioned to you in FB we are up grading our mind to ward more advanced of peaceful world…recently it was your bad nature to see you against TPLF and I want you to be more advanced please ,,,

    Now, you are talking about 5G fine and thank you,,,,Can you imagine that is more than 4D in all the its functions,,, and it dangerous to all nature in general and to those who are working in the same projects now world wide it is rejected very soon you will see stooped as it high frequency..but 5D is higher frequency but not dangerous,,,see that is very nice.,it is just working within that is it…

    KS…

  • Awash Lemma

    Dear Mahmud

    Thanks for this post, for explaining the intricacies of advances in technology and our predicaments in dealing with it. It is truly educational. Please, can we have some more??
    Thanks also for bring up a fresher topic that may help Awatians to turn away our attentions from the usual politicking (even though this is likely to be for just a moment!).

    Relating to Horizons comments….. I think privatisation, if managed carefully, would be very useful. To be successful in this the country should have strong institutions, clear investment laws and TRANSPARENCY. The foreign companies should be allowed to take out their share of benefits without ifs and buts, and make sure the country benefits from the investment as envisioned by the agreements. One has to be ready for ‘give and take’. In the meantime, above all, the govt. should encourage, support, and help in any way possible home grown investors and entrepreneurs.

  • Hameed Al-Arabi

    Ahlan Mahmud Saleh,

    You have taken us to a vital and thriving world that most of us think that it is a fiction.

    I have a proposal to fill Mahmud’s gap that exists between giants and the microscopic creatures. The best way to protect ourselves from this competing world is to close our doors and windows and starve to death. Isu strategy is very effective, with all measures, and it is the right one. I am sure Ato Mahmud will agree with my proposal to fill the gap that exists between developed and the developing/sleeping world.

    Al-Arabi

  • Selam M.S.,

    Thanks for the great article. As you know ethiopia is opening ethio-telecom among others to foreign capital. There are ethiopians who say that the government should not sell stakes to foreigners in profitable businesses like eal, ethiotelecom, power, etc.. What do you think? Is ethiopia doing well or not for taking such a decision, because one can say that it could help the introduction of modern technologies and open jobs she could not do it by herself. It may help mobile and internet connection to cover the whole nation rapidly, that could help the economy in multiple ways. Nevertheless, I can’t hide my feelings that opening up your home to neoliberal economic free ride is a double edged knife, that doesn’t seem to have benefited others who tried it before ethiopia.

    • Mahmud Saleh

      Selam Horizon
      Thank you so much. I think it is long overdue for Ethiopia to open up those sectors to the private sectors. Generally, private companies run such areas of the economy better than the government. I think the government should focus on two areas. It should streamline the approving/disapproving process of licenses, and put in place regulatory agencies that are mindful not to hamper business but also watch for the rights of consumers.
      Dr. Abiy Ahmed was right in recognizing that borrowing money was not bad as long as the feasibility of the projects to be financed was consummated. In short, the funded projects should be productive enough to pay off the debts. Tigray region is also preparing to privatize Effort. Ethiopian Air Line is a different case. It has been among the most productive airlines in the world and the pride of Ethiopia. There is much of politics and psychology in stake. However, since it is expanding so fast, buying stakes in many other African airlines, I think it is a safe time for Ethiopians to let it open up.
      Telecom would be an excellent example of privatization. Privatization comes with a double-edged sword. In the short run, you will have many layoffs in a country that needs more employing firms. You may also run the risk of one or two telecom corporations monopolizing the market, effectively, substituting the government bureaucracy that the privatization plan had initially sought to eradicate. In the long run, though, I think Ethiopia would benefit from privatization. With privatization, markets regulate prices and expansion based on the curve of supply and demand. Also, privatization embodies efficiency, since its prime goal is profit-making. Typically, governments kill business for political consideration (to employ as many as possible at the expense of profitability, and also it may spend money on unprofitable projects to satisfy constituents.
      Telecom is so vital in stimulating other sectors. Imagine a broadband network covering Ethiopia, the banking system, markets, education, agriculture, transport, and so on could get a boost. Ethiopians could benefit from the transfer of technologies and know-how. They could also benefit from acquiring new managerial skills. As Dr. Abiy put it, Ethiopia and all African countries will need a generation who could think and act like CEOs.
      At any rate, this is to start the discussion. I know there are experts in the house who could expand it more. The following articles are worth reading.
      1. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2019-07-19/china-s-belt-and-road-leaves-kenya-with-a-railroad-to-nowhere
      2. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/26/opinion/china-belt-road-initiative.html
      3. https://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/Telecommunications.html

      • Selam M.S.,

        THANK YOU! I appreciate a lot for taking the time to respond. It is so educational.

      • Berhe Y

        Hi MS.,

        Thank you for your article. Although I tend to think there are very small countries (very few players) who will have direct impact and the know how in this technology. The rest of he world will fall into places once the fighting is settled by these countries.

        As to what this technology will bring, I doubt it will make much difference in real life of majority people, but rather it will make the people hooked in the technology / consumer (marketing) of those companies and very few people (those 1%) who will rip the benefits.

        I remember working as an intern in one of top R&D companies in the 90s. They were developing a back bone that supports 10G/sec for a big US teleco at the time. On the back bone now 100 GPS is still on the market. Moore’s law still applies today and promising 1Gps at a wireless level with the 5G network is still a long, long way with what’s capable out there. In Singapore for example, the country went all digital / finer back in the 2000 where most cities in the US are only getting finer to homes (I understand it’s not same comparison).

        Personally I think this is all negative for the overall human race, as the people are being manipulated and controlled by certain small companies and very few individuals because they have developed technologies / Robots that will not only control but also dictate our lives and our freedoms. In China for example, the companies/ government rate people based on their “good character” and that could have a prefound effects to privacy and freedom.

        As to the privatization that’s planned in Ethiopia I think it’s a wrong policy if it’s opened to foreign companies. I think Ethiopians or Ethiopian companies should have the leverage / control in how the partners should be setup. I understand the corruption and all, but all Ethiopia needs to work on is on its institutions and improving transparency, audit and controls.

        I think India still make it illegal for non Indian companies to have a stake ownership when they operate in India. I think UAE and SA have similar policy, and i believe it’s the right policy even though it’s not the best.

        Otherwise, all these western corporations will do is suck the economy and pay handsomely to their CEO as bonus while the people who work for them live on poverty line. (Example: Disney CEO got 66 million bonus last year, while the people that work for Disney, live in poverty line. Amazon is no different).

        However there is a bright side for Africa. The recently agreed free trade, the Western Africa agreed common currency, the free movement (no visa) is a huge progress if it goes through.

        I don’t know if you have, Ghana I think is leading this technology Renaissance in Africa and with technology such as cryptocurrency, I think Africa has real chance to break from the shackles of western power and be in control of its resources.

        Just to add a little of ERITREAN politics. Eritrea is doomed and will be left behind as long as IA/ PFDJ are in power.

        Berhe

        • Mahmud Saleh

          Selam BerheY
          You were in my mind when I was writing this piece. Thank you for the great input. I would still like you to grace us with educational rejoinder focusing on the technical side of the subject. On its public policy side, I think the debate is still going on. The majority of socially conscious experts weigh more on its negativity (someone sent me an Imam’s speech imploring humanity to wake up against the encroachment of social networks where families spend more time virtual friends rather than talking to each other and how life was simple, peaceful and leisurely before the advent of the technology of social networking).
          I understand that technology comes with pros and cons and that adapting to the advancement would be something I would advocate for because technology has made many scientific breakthroughs possible in medicine, cosmos, physics, and so on. Wiring Africa, I think, can boost its struggling economy. Rural African can benefit in areas of commerce where farmers can get connected markets and classrooms can benefit from the reservoirs of knowledge.
          BTW, this is just for you, please don’t let SAAY know, Eritrea is now working on getting the fiber cable connected to mainland. The first phase is to modernize the ports and the banking system. We will see how things will proceed.
          A side note, I was listening to my favorite radio program, CBC as it happened, and an official of from HUAWEI was defending the company.

          • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

            Hi MS,
            I am just curious here that how is that a person like you in favor of high tech while supporting a lunatic that opposes against any advancement in technology or social life in Eritrea? Sometimes I really believe you have mastered the string theory because you happen to live in parallel universe. Or it is me? No offense here.

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Selam mehands
            I welcome you to this great forum. I respect your opinion, but I reject it categorically. I would like to engage you, but your comment, as stated, is wrong in many levels. Ad hominem arguments turn me off. But let me break it and see:
            a/ I support technology
            b/ I support a lunatic leader
            c/ that lunatic leader is against advancement
            Where is the logic? Even if you were correct that I support a lunatic leader (which is utterly false), that leader is a president of a country. Could not I support him for other policy areas? He is not a CEO of a technology corporation. And leaders of countries have more roles other than advancing technologies. I don’t know what you mean by “social life”.
            Let me shorten it for you, and I expect you next to be precise in your criticism. People attack me because I have been criticizing wrong strategies pursued by the ” opposition”. Also, people attack me because I have been against the hostile policies designed to subdue Eritrea as a nation, led by the USA, and executed by the TPLF. Now, say what you want to say.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi MS,

            Thank you, it’s an honor that you thought of me when you penned this great article. I think you have covered the topic really well and there is not much to add on the technical side. For the most majority (the consumers) it’s gives them the ability to do think faster (much faster, 20 times) from what they are able to do today (downloading/ uploading), streaming high quality videos, etc. But they are targeted for consumption which gives them companies who make this technology generate more cash (selling more).

            On the sensitive security side is, it’s about who controls what. Chinese companies are the largest network equipment makers today and if this becomes the world standard, even thought the US (NSA) have not standardize, it gets to benefit the most. The US is alleging that those companies are a security threat, because they will create a backdoor for the Chinese government, which I think is legitimate concern but I doubt that will be the case. But I am afraid the US may be in the dark (NSA) as it has not capability to cipher the data as it has done in the past.

            So again for the average consumer (the most majority) it really doesn’t make much difference other than improved services. As for Africa, this will have some advantage but not much for the vast majority. If any thing, they will be the commercial targets by those companies to control their data and sell them more equipment.

            I know the progress technology has made, like you said in all areas of humanity but that kind of progress is done very the very few and elite part of the societies (the doctors, the researchers, the post grad students, the professors etc) in other words the highly educated part of the society. Is having such technology (5G) is going to drastically change their research, perhaps but not so much I think. Remember most of the campus, such as government, hospitals, universities (in most cities) have already direct fiber access to the internet and it doesn’t matter if they use their cellphone (wireless) or their work computers to do their research, wired speed is always higher anyway.

            As to Africa lately I have been reading, listing and very much fascinated by the technical architect for Nipsey Hussle company, the computer wiz named Iddris Sandu. I only started to read and follow him, after the tragic death of Nipsey Hussle. While on the subject, it’s really, really unfortunate and huge loss for Eritrea, for Africa and for black people the death of Nipsey as, I think, he understood real well the problems and he has the perfect solution. That’s is become the owners of our resources…and his success the the perfect example what Africa and Africans and the black people needs to think and follow and emulate.

            Here is how Iddris Sandu explains his “law of 2 percent”.

            Why are so many important things in the world so poorly designed?

            I have this law of two percent: The law of two percent is basically to let everyone focus on the ninety-eight percent of the world’s problems and we’ll focus on the two percent of the world’s problems. Now, [those] two percent of the world’s problems are those things that no one else wants to focus on. The real trillion-dollar ideas and solutions. So on a global scale those are the two percent.

            Everyone wants to focus on aspirational products. There are hundreds of different machining methods and processes that go into making that beautiful piece of glass in the iPhone. I think of the varied infrastructure that’s necessary within our society, like parking meters.

            Now the 5G network, i see it from the law of 2%, because it will give the people access to digital media that the consumers will need to consume (access as well as upgrading their devices) but it will not solve the world problems (like African real problems) that needs to improve lives of black people and that of Africa.

            May be will continue this another time…I am little pressed with time.

            Berhe

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Ahlan BerheY
            That was great, thank you very much. You attacked the subject from different angles, technical and socioeconomic. I hope Paulos will feel better, he would love to join in.

        • Hope

          Good points Berhe.
          I thing:
          Did you notice how Enda Wifka(Wyifka)are handling and controlling the YiAkil Movement fully sponsored by none by its Engineers or Hackers?
          So sad!
          Naibihakki Menshiro Eritra!