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The National Congress And The End Game

So we convene again and this time, perhaps for the last time at such a level before PFDJ thugs are chased out of town and are hunted dead or alive from every fox hole, every sewer pipe or every other crevice in the land where they might attempt to hide, and are finally brought to justice—swift uncompromising justice, that is. 

I say the last time, because there is no mincing of words in the clarity of the upcoming congress’ goals, which are focussed among other pertinent issues, on two core objectives—crucial objectives which have eluded us for quite a long time—the adoption of an interim constitution and the election of an interim administration.

Even if the entire congress’ agenda was confined only to these two issues and nothing else, it would still be a quantum leap forward in dealing HGDEF its final death blow, because it was precisely the absence of such a fall-back plan—the lack of an organized alternative to the status quo, which has long been the single most debilitating obstacle in getting rid of the bloody PFDJ regime.

If you want to kill a people’s ambition to seek change, if you want to scare the wits out of them so as to keep them subservient to the status quo—all you have to do is convince them that they have no alternative—and even if they do by some miracle, that it is only for the worse.

That is exactly what the PFDJ regime has been doing over the past two decades, albeit for the most part at the hands of its apologists, its co-conspirators and its moles which it had strategically embedded within the ranks of some of the so-called opposition groups and/or civic organizations.

In fact, the fear-mongering tactics of the regime and its clones were so powerful to the extent that there were many folks among us who just caved-in and who sadly enough accepted their fate of wallowing in absolute misery as a better of two evils (the devil you know scenario).  

This deeply-rooted mentality of fear was  ingrained in the psyche of these folks so much so that extricating themselves from the grip of PFDJ’s ugly tyranny wasn’t only viewed as  risky and too far-fetched, but also and  to the dismay of many, as a call to the destruction of all (however scant) that they thought they had achieved.         

This sad scenario just couldn’t be more illustrated than by what a PFDJ victim once said of the bloody dictator and of the victim’s own reluctance to take action:

”For what he has done to my family, I could go kill this guy tomorrow” said the victim “but what do you offer me in lieu? Somalia? ”

Well, no one has to be reluctant anymore. Wallowing in absolute misery or being confined to in-action also are not the options. Twenty years is way too long to suffer under any kind of tyranny, let alone to suffer under one of the worst tyrannies as HGDEF’s , where the bone-chilling barbarity and the sheer magnitude of human suffering go far beyond the wildest imaginations of any sadistic tyrant .       

But to say enough is enough—kifaya / yi’Akl  just in words is in on itself—not enough.

What the National Congress offers now is a ray of hope, to say the least. This is the first action-oriented congress held by Eritreans in decades—if not ever.

The fact that all the sectors of the Eritrean society are bringing all their demands, ambitions, dreams, fears and apprehensions as legitimate and equal stakeholders and are willing to sort them all out and come up with a document—a document by which all the stakeholders of the nation covenant with each other on such crucial issues as:-

(1)   How to live together in peace and security as equal citizens of one nation.
(2)   How to equitably share the resources of the nation.
(3)   How to enjoy equal and unfettered rights and how to shoulder equal responsibilities under the provisions of the law.
(4)   How to establish the rule of law by setting the scope and the parameters within which the executive, legislative and judicial organs of the national and sub-national administrations exercise their mandated tasks. 

the fact that all these and much more is expected to be addressed and resolved in this national congress doesn’t only make it unique and un-matched by any other previous attempts, but also one that can be  hailed as the most promising national endeavours of the past twenty odd years.

And also the fact that the congress will, according to the national covenant, elect an interim administrative council (government-in-exile) is by far one of the most stabilizing factors which will not only help the nation avoid anarchy and chaos in the immediate aftermath of the regime’s downfall, but also and as many of us have been arguing for all along, give the necessary impetus to effect immediate change by using deadly force against the regime.

What these bold and unprecedented moves by the congress will do is that, they will set the tone and the stage for what is yet to come—the immediate end game of HGDEF’s tyranny. No more dancing around the issues, no more stalling tactics, no more gimmickry or mincing of words—just straight-shooters’ plain talk. In essence, the following is what any lay person would infer from these bold moves:  

“Here is our covenant in black and white – this is how we intend to live as free and dignified citizens of one nationNow, let’s go for the kill. Let’s destroy the clique that stands in our way once and for good.”

Destroying HGDEF is not as difficult as some would like us to believe. The bloody dictator and his cronies wagered all their chips on one simple premise—that Eritreans will never come together. Well, that premise has now been shattered and the end game for HGDEF thugs has just begun.         

All those who carried arms against the regime are more emboldened and more focussed now than ever before. The future is not blurred anymore and that chipping away on HGDEF by targeting low-ranking army units is all but abandoned now.

The direct and primary targets this time around are all those whose hands are drenched with the blood of so many innocent Eritreans. This list of infamy includes, the bloody dictator at its top, followed by his so-called generals, his rubberstamp cabinet, all high ranking army officers, all high ranking formal and informal security & intelligence officers and all high ranking party officials.

How hard could it be to bring justice to a bunch of hard-core chauvinist bigots, a bunch of weddinis, skunis and illiterate bandits who hardly number in the couple of hundreds at the most—how hard could it be to bring justice to these criminals?

Not that hard by any stretch of the imagination. The only problem was that, these thugs were never made the targets over the years. Unfortunately, for the Eritrean opposition groups, the pie in the sky was nothing more than the political hashewiye they got bogged down into. Meanwhile, HGDEF thugs had a free reign where they unleashed all their terror unchallenged.

But alas for the thugs, not anymore—there is no more hashewiye. Their moles’ covers were blown one after the other and their clones went into hibernation. The end game is finally here and now—not only are these thugs the direct targets for the armed opposition groups, but also for all those victims who had full access to them but were reluctant to take action and last but not least, they are also the targets for the conscript army whom they had savaged and enslaved for close to two decades.

As for the national congress, here are a few pointers: 

  • It is important to remember that the territorial integrity of the Eritrean nation is not going to be preserved by the infusion and encroachment of chauvinist hegemony in any region of the country. No amount of social engineering will ever succeed to replace a full laissez faire de-centralized system of governance as the most equitable solution for the nation’s ills. A decentralized form of governance was adopted by the NCDC and rightly so, as the only form of governance which could help keep the territorial integrity of the nation intact. Stick to it.
  • There should be no room for appeasement. Those who opted out of the congress did so at their own volition. Reserving posts or deferring major decisions for the benefit of those who don’t even recognize the congress is not accommodation—it is appeasement. There is a big difference between the two.
  •  Act with authority. You have a mandate from a wide cross-section of the Eritrean people to do so. You are not trampling on any established norms of democratic governance in the nation—you are actually trying to establish those norms in line with the universally accepted standards of democratic governance. There lies your mandated authority. 
  • PFDJ’s notorious practices (it is a shame to call them laws) like the national service must be repealed. No moratoriums—just straight abolishment. Moratoriums are risky; they could be lifted any time. Should any type of youth national service be required in the future, it has to be enacted only through a national referendum in a free and a democraticEritrea. 
  • Beware of detractors. They never disappear—they are just morphed into different forms.
  • Time should be of the essence for this congress just as it should be for all the actions which the congress intends to undertake in order to effect immediate change in the country. Given the fluid nature of political events in our region – it is silly to assume that we have the luxury of time. 


Giving credit where credit is due


If there is one organization in the entire Eritrean political arena which has fully accepted and understood the duality of the roles required of it, then without a doubt, it is none other than EDA with all its member organizations.

Bringing all the stake-holders of the nation to a national forum and electing an all too-important national commission in which EDA itself is in the minority, speaks volumes about EDA’s sincerity all throughout its struggle. It deferred its partisan aspirations and pushed forward with the national agenda for the sake of the nation. Both the national conference and the national congress wouldn’t have been possible without EDA’s positive contributions.      


A lot could be said about the ENCDC—how it is all inclusive in the truest sense of the word, how it avails itself to public scrutiny, how it delivers on what it promises and more importantly, how in a nut’s shell—its entire endeavour could be summed up in one single statement: “empowering the Eritrean people to chart their own destiny”.

Again, without the dedicated and selfless efforts of all the ENCDC commissioners and their leadership, none of the national conference’s mandated tasks, including the convening of the upcoming national congress would have been carried through.

Our heartfelt gratitude goes to both organizations.

Wa-Allah-ul Muafiq

About Mohammed Ahmed

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  • Gobez Leiti

    Wei A Zefzefff A group of so called organizations which some of them have 2 or 3 members of their Clans. Whether they have congress whether they convene disperse thousand times will never ever produce any outcome, for the simple reason that, they have no vision, just by surviving , Mimbirqaqack lomi tzibah dihritzibah niqulushaeee

    A w e t Nihafash widqet Nitemberqeqti

  • rastaman

    Thanks Mohammed Ahmed for a well versed well thought through article on NCDC. I had been saying ENOUGH to both the twenty year old OPPOSITION and its rival the Dictatorship in Asmara. How ever the last year has been a year where a light is flickering at the end of the tunnel. With all the Demonstrations, and Eritrean Youth Movements, never have Oppositions so united in their goals. The New York show of support for DIA to me is a sign of anxiety and restlessness. Despite their infiltration among Oppositions, Higdefites are nervous more than ever. To form an Interim Council that is mandated to ‘Empower the People of Eritrea (both outside and inside) with an effective “Memorandum of Understanding’ is a big leap for Eritreans and a landslide for DIA. Thanks again for your well articulated article.

  • Kulu

    It is too early to give negative or positive comment this time. Le’s us wait if this Congress is really going to meet the expectation and aspiration of our people. Time will judge it.

  • Tibtsah Nab_sheyeti_Hagerom

    Can sombody give me an explanation –

    If these morons are allegedly covering thier travel expenses themselves, why did they choose to go all the way to a country which has been bleeding Eritreans for ages, a country who is holding Eritrean land?

    These goons don’t seem to understand that the Eritrean people are so disgusted by them.

    Check your own temperature guys,

  • Wedi zere

    Well said Brother Mohammed,
    I agree with you 100% that the target shouldn’t be the low ranking units but the handful thugs which are available all over the guest rooms in town womanizing and intoxicating all night.Every member of opposition groups as well as every freedom and justice loving citizen should attack all PFDJ thugs including every member of the security department of the junta.

  • Alawan

    We are so tired of these good for nothing congresses and meetings! Nothing, zilch, Zero will be the outcome of the current congress as well! The venue itself tells us that nothing beneficial to Eritrea and its people will come out of this meeting!! The only way out is through a united front. Nothing less nothing more! Only a united front!!!

    • Simon

      Hi Alawan,

      If you know who is in the National Congress, you wouldn’t have doubted their intent and capability. The fact of the matter is we have a tyrant dictator in Eritrea and our people are suffering. And these educated and driven Eritreans in the National Congress are giving so much (including the risk of being killed) in good intentions for our people and country.

      As for the venue, Ethiopia is the only country that’s allowing the Congress to meet on it’s land. Ethiopia also guaranteed to protect our precious, talented, and educated as they plan for the future of our beloved country.

      People need to wake up and think!

  • solomun sami

    To the young Generation!

    This is a fight between Shaebia and Jebha. A continuation of the battles won and lost. We as young generation do not need to be part of it. Those deqi 60 , they are all made of the same mold. What ever promise of change they sing or claim to bring , we can not be fooled to expect of any change, as they are of the same mold. ( Wecho tegelbetkayos Wecho).

    We the young should be in control.

    • Simon

      Hi Solomun,

      I am of the young generation, and I disagree with your argument there. The National Congress is far from being of old division of Eritreans. On the contrary, it is about uniting Eritreans. It is made up of many opposition groups, non-political organizations, humanitarians, and private citizens young and old. In fact, there are many former-Shabia members in the Congress that still don’t like the Jebha ideologies.

      The National Congress is not about the past; it’s about the future. Even though most of the members are older and wiser, they are working for us youth’s future. Therefore, we ought to thank them, and join them in the movement.

      I hope that we all work together to get rid of oppression and plan our future, instead of belittling and bulling each other.

      Thank you,

  • Michael

    It this just another national congress until another national congress, untill another congress, untill another congress ……………..

    • Can sbdoomy give me an explanation – If these xxxxxx are allegedly covering thier travel expenses themselves, why did they choose to go all the way to a country which has been bleeding Eritreans for ages, a country who is holding Eritrean land? These xxxxx don’t seem to understand that the Eritrean people are so disgusted by them. Check your own temperature guys,

  • awatestaff

    Ahlen W. Garza:

    We think the Tigre adage “moret dib ideka wo arwe dib hanteka” would be a fine slogan for the National Congress. It is an empowering message and action-oriented.

    Of course some of our uni-lingual friends will not know what it means. And most of them are the ones who have been saying “Why Arabic, why not Tigre?” Fine, since you are so infatuated with the Tigre language, we can suppose you have taken some minimal steps to understand the language of so many of our compatriots, right? If not: you need to ask yourself why is that? And then get to meet people who speak a language different form yours because, after all, they are your brothers, sisters, neighbors, and most importantly, your compatriots.

  • w. garza

    well done brother Ahmed, the fundamentals of the rouge regime is soon at fall, and its hostages will soon be free when: the altenative is at hand effectively. He fought vigorously to avoid the alternative for the last 20 years.
    enough is enough; “moret dib ideka wo arwe dib hanteka”suffice to describe the gasping thugs at home now

    • sea ye

      Dream on loosers because dream is free. what i don’t really understand is these bunch
      of loosers expect democracy to come from the tribalist weyane. funny.
      change comes from with in by getting support from your population
      not by going to weyanie land for vacation for congress after congress.
      verry disappointing bunch

  • yes that is how, and you deserve my appreciation. Thank you.