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Rule Of The Jungle And My Quest To PFDJ Mindset

PFDJ Structures: Its Hardware and Software Network Dissection, Analysis and Thinking Beyond

Objective of this Article: As the title indicates, it is a piece of writings that tries to explore the hardware and software component of PFDJ regime and based on available information and my personal interpretations to those matters.

Note: All writings are my own interpretations based on my experience and references available in all possible means. For any case, I am the only and only responsible person for these series. All errors, mistakes, criticisms, appreciations, and acknowledgements I do are of purely my own. Hence, I would kindly apologize for any inconveniences or misinterpretations that it may follow and at the same time I am the only one to be responsible.

General Introduction

In this article, I will try to search the hardware and software component of today’s PFDJ to make analysis that can contribute in raising the consciousness and awareness of Eritrean people in general and then to think beyond when the RIGHT OF LAW is restored to the people. PFDJ’s name is now 18 years and 11 months old. It got its name after 3rd EPLF congress held in Nakfa at the year of 1994. The people had little information regarding the evolution of this name though the first two letters were synonymous with that of [EP] LF, and little attention was paid for the later meaning of JD (Which literally stands for “[FOR] JUSTICE [AND] DEMOCRACY. This simple abbreviation for PEOPLE’S FRONT for DEMOCRACY and JUSTICE’ has all the hidden mystery that we as people are now suffering from.

Saying this as a background, historical analysis will be done on the evolution of this political system, special in connection with the EPLF (Eritrean People Liberation Front) and parallel liberation fronts that never got a chance to be heard of in the post Independence Eritrea.

Therefore, the whole topic will have a vast approach starting from the very initial historical developments of the Eritrean political skeleton starting from 1961 and with possible flash backs of the early 1940-1961 political evolution of Eritrea. But, more emphasis will be given on the working principles, policies, and strategies, organizational and frontal premises.

To do this, I will start with the basic claimed ideology of Social Justice which the PFDJ advocates in all spheres of the domestic and international out-reaches of his works.

Social Justice: A Misrepresented and Failed Ideology of PFDJ

Social justice is an ideology introduced by the ruling totalitarian bandit of EPLF/PFDJ in the Eritrean state from its early time of 1970s. This ideology was not clearly expressed during the early times of the struggle as Marxist-Leninist ideology and Socialism were tools in up-grading the social consciousness of the masses and fighters. During the last years of struggle a new approach was drafted that was thought to be adopted in a pro-independent Eritrea. In reality, this was not a conscious move as it was driven by the changing political environment of the world and political diversity of the revolutionaries. In the early years of independence, EPLF appeared more of democratic front with all promising democratic institution establishments and mixed systems of economical inclination. Such promises lead to a new hope in the political situation of the horn of Africa.

But, things came to change soon after EPLF drafted the first charter in 1994 and with the eruption of new border conflict with Ethiopia. When we closely examine the way EPLF/PFDJ runs its social, economical and security policies, there is clear observance of the social justice ideology in all spheres. In the charter adopted by the third congress of 1994, PFDJ’s vision is clearly tells Social Justice as a means to economic developments and social democracy. It states that the vision of PFDJ is to have equitable distribution of wealth, services and opportunities, and special attention to be paid to the most disadvantaged sections of society. Additionally, the Eritrean constitution ratified in 1997, in chapter 1 Article 1 (1), it is clearly stated Eritrea is a sovereign and independent State founded on the principles of democracy, social justice and the rule of law. And Article 8 (1) of the Economic and Social Development states the State shall strive to create opportunities to ensure the fulfillment of citizens’ rights to social justice and economic development and to fulfill their material and spiritual needs.

Therefore social justice is a principle that was outlined in achieving the vision of PFDJ in building Eritrea according to the various sources from the PFDJ and the Eritrean constitution. But, how far they succeeded in achieving this goal?

To start this, I think it is wise to start with the definition of Social Justice.

The term and modern concept of “social justice” was coined by Jesuit priest Luigi Taparelli in 1840 based on the teachings of St. Thomas Aquinas and given further exposure in 1848 by Antonio Rosmini-Serbati. The phrase has taken on a very controverted and variable meaning, depending on who is using it. Social justice as a secular concept, distinct from religious teachings, emerged mainly in the late twentieth century influenced primarily by philosopher John Rawls. The words or at least concepts of ‘social justice’ are used in contexts where people understand social justice to be about fairness beyond individual justice. According to Craig et al, “it is often seen these days as either a relic of the 1970s, or a catch-all used by conservatives and progressives alike”.

Social justice is justice exercised within a society, particularly as it is applied to and among the various social classes of a society. A socially just society is one based upon the principles of equality and solidarity; which pedagogy also maintains that a socially just society both understands and values human rights, as well as recognizing the dignity of every human being. The Constitution of the international labor organization affirms that “universal and lasting peace can be established only if it is based upon social justice.” Furthermore, the Vienna Declaration and Program of Action treat Social Justice as a purpose of the human rights education.

Baldry argues that “we should all be clamoring for the revival of social justice that is, ensuring systemic and structural social arrangements to improve equality, as a core political and social value”. To put it simply, the concept of social justice involves finding the optimum balance between our joint responsibilities as a society and our responsibilities as individuals to contribute to a just society. Many different ideas exist about where that optimum balance lies.

The international human rights system is an important way of advocating for or enforcing fairer distribution of resources in the world. However as Baldry and McCausland note, obtaining “… remedies under the human rights system requires a significant degree of understanding of that system, and the resources and skills to advocate for the rights that are breached. Ironically, it is those most in need of assistance when their human rights are breached that are often least able to access such a system”.

Social Justice as a Mirage Word

After its initial conception of 1840, and its immergence as a secular concept at international level in the 20th C, social justice created confusion in its adoption as a political tool. Despite its holy word coined in it, the practice got non linear application as it is supposed to do so. As a result many scholars started to doubt in its core values and started to question the unquestionable of its inner spheres.

One of the prominent scholars who coined an anticipated meaning of social justice is Friedrich A. von Hayek, in his book 1976 titled by “Law, Legislation, and Liberty: A New Statement of the Liberal Principles of Justice and Political Economy.” Hayek came with a new words coined to the idea of social justice and he called it a “mirage.” a “will-o-the-wisp“, an “empty formula,” “strictly,” “necessarily,” and “entirely” “empty and meaningless” ; a phrase that “meant nothing at all” , that “has no meaning whatsoever,” a vacuous concept; “a quasi-religious belief with no content whatsoever” , a “primitive anthropomorphism” , or “atavism,” a “superstition”, like believing in witches or the philosopher’s stone, or a “hollow incantation”, like “open sesame”.

What Hayek clearly stated was the tendency of social justice as a dream word just kept in sub-conscious level and expecting something good to happen. There, the fault is quite clear and the probability of attaining what it was said so matters on how much the dream can be memorized during the conscious way of life. This is quite clear as we see regarding Eritrean case. PDFJ dreamt, in fact, a good and holly dream; as it could have upgraded the life of every individual across the Eritrean society with all necessities installed and exercised by every born Eritrean.

If Social Justice is such a big opportunity for positive and negative sides, how then PFDJ is living by painting the hollow word (as Hayke said it)? This is quite simple advantage that PFDJ got a chance to hide within. First; the masses societal structure and basic needs and second, at international level, especially like the United Nations, where they put justice as their core mission and visions in the whole world.

Then to start the analysis, let’s start the macro-economic policy of PFDJ, The Macro-Policy (1994) underscores the overall importance of human capital development to national development by making broad provisions for the development of lifelong and life wide educational strategies which will bring about widespread learning in the Eritrean society at large. In respect of education, the following objectives are set out in this national document: To produce a population equipped with the necessary skills, knowledge and culture for self-reliance and a modern economy; To develop in the population: self-consciousness and self-motivation, to fight poverty, disease and all the attendant causes of backwardness and ignorance; To make basic education available to all.

Even though human resource development was put as the major priority, its educational policy was only drafted for the first time in 2003. The national policy which was drafted 10 years after independence contains two fundamental guiding principles for the provision of education in Eritrea. Firstly, the policy shows a clear commitment to lifelong learning as stipulated in the following points: Education is a fundamental human right and a lifelong process by which all individuals are given opportunities to attain their potential as all rounded citizens. Secondly, the policy shows full commitment to the development of human capital thus: Eritrea’s greatest asset is its people: revitalizing citizens with relevant education and training is the only means by which the overall socio-economic development of the country can be achieved.

And in the contrary, the land which was owned by 80% of the entire population was declared as state property. According to the proclamation no. 58/1994, its main objective was to reform the system of land tenure in Eritrea, to determine the manner of expropriating land for purposes of development and national reconstruction, and to determine the powers and duties of land commission. Does it look great idea to have such people’s property, but not having a policy on how to develop the human capital? Is it really a justice, a justice of taking the means of survival and not allowing them to open their eyes?

Anyway, let’s come with analysis of land proclamation 58/1994 and its implication under the PFDJ era. According to PFDJ, social justice is material possession and just not allowing one to die without reaching any near-bye clinic. The first thing, regarding material prosperity, it is as if every person has the right to have a piece of land. And to fulfill this plan, they proclaimed a land policy in 1994 which states, “All land belongs to the state.” Under this property snatch, the land became under the state. The society became officially under the mercy of the big land lords. And the new land lords got an entire powerful tool to manipulate and use as their way of exercising as big missionaries in distributing the property to the people. Hence, people changed from owners of land to receivers of land.

Imagine now, according to FAO 2014 statistics, 77.77 % of the entire population lives in the rural areas (out of 6.33 million total populations). Then for the sake of social justice, about 78% of the entire population became direct victims of redistribution of property policy. And according to FAO country profile, the arable land and land under permanent crops availability per person is 0.4 ha. This area is only meant for those people who are actively engaged in agriculture for their daily life. Having this as a background and assuming normal climatic conditions, the total food produced during good rainy season is only 60% of the total country demand. From then we can easily leant that the land distribution system or the material share of country exposes the people to famine unless importation is done to balance the shortage.

Parallel to this, PFDJ has Self-Reliance in its economical philosophy. This concept blocks any trade that tries to minimize the gap of the food shortages as it reduces the basic concept of comparative advantage and opening international trade relationships. This is what the country experienced for the last 14 years. I am counting 13 years, to be more lenient and to count from 2001, as a year of official birth of totalitarian system. I did not forget the poor and traditional system of agriculture practiced by the farmers in their small agricultural land, nor did I mention the shortage of agri-inputs. If we count all these, then what Hayek said is even less harsh. Farmers were not able to get primary materials and equipments. In the PFDJ hardware structure, there is Ministry of Agriculture, which is supposed to assistant farmers in all aspects. But, instead of assisting the farmers, at least in the extension service, the office was changed into tax-collector and fuel distribution center, fuel for those who produce vegetables and fruits. Not only this, the office also served as a spy in collecting information on the amount of products harvested by each farmer during the harvesting time. You may wonder why this spying is needed. It is quite clear; those farmers who produce more than what the regime decided as personal consumption per year, the rest will be taken at a lower price, usually at half price; the rest will be collected and redistributed to the people. In fact, it never reached to the people; rather, it was given to the military.

To make it short, first land was taken by the state, the state distributes to the people in small plots of land, and the farmers composing of 78% of the entire population try to produce food [usually a luck], and then again a quota is dictated for the annual demand by each person and the excess is collected. This system which mainly focuses on material distribution created dependency and LORD of the LAND, called Menghisti, all capable, that can give and take what it wants. For this then, as Hayek called it, a dangerous superstition.

About Tesfabirhan Weldegabir Redie

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  • tes

    Dear Awatistas,

    Here is a piece of the mind that I am talking about. Today, 22/05/2014, hadas Ertra has put an article titled YPFDJ 10th conference (Tigrigna of course at shabait on page 5, volume 264) about PFDJ IDEOLOGY and how they try to reach their members. For full material, you can visit.

    Let’s watch them and dismantle them.


  • Kokhob Selam

    I just want to read this article again and again. I didn’t find much words to say. I beg you to put it in Tigrigna if possible. by the way it is like watching the documentary, it was prepared perfectly while seems there will be the 3rd part. what do you think I will do now brother Tes ? AH, I will modify one of my poems and put it here as it will remain a record under your Article. Tes, I love you.

    …….ሕልሚ ደርሆ……2 (new collections)

    ቂቅ ቂቅ !!!!!! እንታይ ደርሆ በሉ –
    ዶርሆስ እኳ በቲ ስርዓት ባህሉ-

    ኣራዊት ዘገዳም ከታልሉ –
    ሕጊ ዘይገዝኦም ብምንታይ ይምሕሉ –
    ብምንታይ ይዳነዩ ብምንታይ ይሽምገሉ ::

    ዓጂብዎም ምሕል ጥሕል –
    ዘረባ እንከሎ “ነብስኻ ምኽ ኣል” –
    ኣብ ክንዲ ዝብልዎ ህዝቢ ምቅታል –
    . . . . . . . . ኣብ ጀላቡ ሓዊ ቃልቃል –
    . . . . . . . .. .ኩሊትካ ምዝንጣል –

    ልውስውስ ዝበለ ድኹም ገይረሞ –
    ካብ ምውቅ ናብራን ሓደርን ፍልዮሞ –
    ነቲ ጉሩህ ሕልሚ ደርሆ ኣሕሊሞሞ –
    ካብ ዝጠመየት ላም ጻባ ኣሕሊቦሞ ::

    ሻቡ ሕላሚ ደርሆ ዘኪረ –
    ናይ ቁልዕነት ጸዋታ ዝነበረ –
    ከም ዋዝ ቁም ነገር ቃላተይ ደርዲረ ::

    ይበሃል ዶ ይባህል ? እወ ይበሃል ? Lol

    01.ይበሃል ዶ ባሃል እወ ብሃል?
    …ሃገር ክትምዕብል መጻኢ ወለዶ ክሓልፈሉ፦
    …እዞም ሕጂ ዘለና ደኺምና ንቐርበሉ፡

    …ግን ከ፧
    … ሃገር ክትመዕብል መጻኢ ወለዶ ክሓልፈሉ፦
    …እዞም ሕጂ ዘለና ፍጹም ንጽነተሉ፡

    …ይብሃል ዶ ይ በሃል፡ እወ ይበሃል?

    ………እንዳ ህግደፍ እንታይ ዘይብሃል፡
    ………………ዝሰዓቦም ድንዙዝ ሰንፈላል፡
    …………………….ንሕና ምስ ጠፋእና ድኣ ኣበይ ኣሎ እቲ ዕሸል?

    02. ይበሃል ዶ ባሃል እወ ይብሃል፡
    …ባዕዳዊ ገዛኢ ካብ ሃገር ነባርር፡
    …መስዋእቲ ከፊልና ብሰላም ንሓድር፡

    …ግን ከ፧
    …ባዕዳዊ ጸላኢ ካብ ሃገር ካብ ወጸ፡
    …ወዲ ሃገር ድሓን እንተዓመጸ፡

    …ይብሃል ዶ ይበሃል፡ እወ ይበሃል፡
    …. . . .እንዳ ህግደፍ እንታይ ዘይብሃል፡

    …. . . . . . . .ዝሰዓቦም ደንቆሮ እዩ ዓንጃል፣
    …. . . . . . . . .. . . .ትርጉም ኣልቦ መሬት ምምቃል፡

    03.ይበሃል ዶ ባሃል፧ እወ ብሃል፡
    …ጀግና ንሃገሩ በጃ ኮይኑ ይወድቕ፡
    …ህይወቱ ከፊሉ ጽሓይና የብርቕ።

    …ግን ከ፦
    …ጀግና ንሃገሩ በጃ ኮይኑ ይወድቕ፡
    …ድሓር ተኣሲሩ ኣብ ኮንታይነር ይደርቕ፡
    …ይብሃል ዶ ይበሃል፡ እወ ይበሃል፣

    ……..እንዳ ህግደፍ እንታይ ዘይብሃል፡
    ……………….ዝሰዓቦም ወያል ድሁል።

    ……………….ክድምሰስ እዩ ድልየታት ህግደፍ፡
    … . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ሕልሚ ደርሆ ኮይኑ እዩ ክተርፍ።

    ብኮኾብ ሰላም

    • tes

      Dear KS,

      You have all the words and thank you. As you noticed this is under the same title of my previous two articles. The other two were focusing on JUCHE ideology and this part continues to explore the hardware and software of PFDJ structures. I am happy that you got it interesting.

      And for the poem, thank you so much for posting here. You always have the words to say. I really feel inspired when ever I read your poetic license skills. Keep us inspiring.


  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    HGDEF says that Eritreans are suffering under sanctions. The sanctions are placed for ‘regional destabilization” and calling it to cut its ties with terrorism. On the eve of our independence day, while the Eritrean people are abandoning the country in mass, at great peril to themselves, the following was a news distributed on May 18, 2014 (or May 7, 2006 Ethiopian Calendar). Is this true? If so, can we contemplate a peaceful dialog with hgdef or swallow the bitter truth and take them in their oun game? This is all hapening in Eritrea as its youth, children and families abandon it in mass, Happy Independence day 🙂


    ዴሞክራሲያዊ ምንቅስቓስ ህዝቢ ትግራይ /ዴምህት/ ንኣዋርሕ ብወተሃደራውን ፖለቲካውን ስልጠና ክህቦም ዝፀንሐ ብርክት ዝበሉ ተጋደልቲ 7/ግንቦት/2006 ዓ/ም ከም ዘመረቐ ካብ ክፍሊ ታዕሊም ዴምህት ዝበፅሓና ሓበሬታ ኣመልኪቱ።

    ክፍሊ ታዕሊም ዴምህት ኣብ ዝሓለፉ ናይ ቃልሲ ዓመታት በቢ እዋኑ ብርክት ዝበሉ ተዓለምቲ ብወተሃደራውን ብፖለቲካውን ብቑዕ ትምህርቲ ብምሃብ ኣሰልጢኑ ናብ ቃልሲ ዘሰለፈ እንትኾን እዚ ናይ ሎሚ’ውን መቐፀልታ ናቱ ኮይኑ፤ ወፅዓ ህዝቦም ንምፍታሕ ካብ ዝተፈላለዩ ከባቢታትን ብሄርን ብሄረሰባትን ሃገርና ኢትዮጵያ ዝመፁ ብርክት ዝበሉ መንእስያት ብ7 ግንቦት 2006 ዓ/ም ላዕለዎት መሪሕነተን ተጋደልትን ዴምህት ኣብ ዝተረኽብሉ ብድሙቕ ኣገባብ ኣመሪቑ።

    ኣብቲ ናይ ተመረቕቲ በዓል ዝተረኸበ ኣቦ ወንበር ዴምክራስያዊ ምንቅስቓስ ህዝቢ ትግራይ /ዴምህት/ ብፃይ ሞላ ኣስገዶም ኣብቲ በዓል ተረኺቡ ንተመረቕቲ እንኳዕ ኣብፀሓኩም ድሕሪ ምባል ኣስዒቡ ክፍሊ ታዕሊም ዴምህት ኣብዞም ዝሓለፉ እዋናት ንተዓለምቲ ወተሃደራውን ፖለቲካውን ስልጠና ክህብ ምፅንሑን እዚ ናይ ሎሚ ድማ ናቱ መቐፀልታ ምዃኑ ምስ ሓበረ እንሆ ኣሃዱ ረመፅ ታዕሊሞም ዛዚሞም እንተወፁ ሕዝ’ውን ብርክት ዝበሉ “ኣሰር ” ዝተሰምዩ ሓደሽቲ ተዓለምቲ ታዕሊሞም ንምጅማር ኣብ ምሽብሻብ ከም ዝርከቡ ገሊፁ።

    ኣብ መወዳእታ ኣቦ ወንበር ዴምህት ብፃይ ሞላ ኣስገዶም፤ ንተመርቕቲ ዝያዳ ኣብ ዕላምኦም ፀኒዖም ክቃለሱ ብምዝኽኻር ንሓደሽቲ ተዓለምቲ ኣሰር ድማ ፁቡቕ ምጅማር ክኾነሎም ሰናይ ትምኒቱ ገሊፁ።

    ብዘይካ እዚ ሓላፊ ክፍሊ ታዕሊም ዴምህት ብፃይ ጎይተኦም ነጋሽ ንዓለምትን ተመረቕትን እንቛዕ ንምምራቕ ኣብቀዓኩም ክብል ድሕሪ ምግላፅ ኣስዒቡ ነቲ ከይዲ ናይቲ ስልጠና ኣመልኪቱ ንተመረቕቲ ኣሃዱ ረመፅ ኣብ ታዕሊም ዘርኣይዎ ተወፋነትን ፅንዓትን ኣብ ቀፃሊ‘ውን እቲ ወድብ ኣብ ዘዋፈሮም ብንቕሓትን ትኹረትን ዕላማ ውድቦም ከዐውቱን ተላብዩ።

    እዚ ከምዚ ኢሉ እንከሎ ተመረቕቲ ብወገኖም ንብርክት ዝበለ ኣዋርሕ ዝተዋሃቦም ወተሃደራዊ ታዕሊምን ፖለቲካዊ ትምህርትን ብዝግባእ ቀሲሞም ብወተሃደራዊ ታክቲክ፤ ብኣካል ብቕዓትን ፖለቲካዊ ዓቕሞም ብዘተኣማምን ክነት ስለዝተሃነፀ ብህዝብና ብውድብናን ዝተዋሃበና ሓደራን ዝተሓንገጥናዮ ህዝባዊ ዓላማ ንምስኻዕ ደኺሙና ሰልችዩና ከይበልና ለይትን ቀትርን ከም ዝሰርሑ ቃል ምእታዎም ሪፖርተርና ካብቲ ናይ ምምራቕ ስነ-ስርዓት ካብ ዝላኣኸልና ፀብፃብ ንምፍላጥ ተኻኢሉ።

    ኣብቲ ናይ ምረቓ ስነ ስርዓት ዝተረኸበት ጉጅለ ባህሊ ዴምህት ናይ ቃልሲ ወነ ዝቕስቕሱ፤ ዝተፈላለዩ ደርፍታት፤ ድራማታትን፤ ካልኦት ምድላዋትን ብምቕራብ ነቲ ምረቓ ድምቀት ከም ዝሃበቶ ካብ ክፍሊ ታዕሊም ዴ.ም.ህ.ት ዝበፀሐና ሓበሬታ ኣመልኪቱ።

    ዝኸበርኩም ተኸታተልትና ዝርዝር ትሕዝቶ ሰነስርዓት እቲ ምረቓ ኣብ ዝመፅእ መደባትና ክነቕርበልኩም ምዃና ንሕብር።

  • haileTG

    Hello tess,

    Good job, keep going. Identifying the problem is the first important task of solving it. So, continue to educate us on the nature of the beast.

    In connection to the up coming independence day, I wish Eritreans all over the world a happy one! It is true that Eritrean situation is desmal and most depressing than ever. The nation has gone through so much that a dangerouse stage has now been reached. There is still hope that many Eritreans in the diaspora would make a U-turn from a life of lie and why would I care.

    Le tme leave you with snap shot of Eritrea in 23 year of independence:

    1 – Politics and Diplomacy: The most isolated nation, under multiple sanctions and associated with henious crimes at home and overseas.

    2 – Economics: 96% of its export is linked to Canadian mining campany. No export, mostly controband imports, black market exchange, broken health, education and transport system

    3 – Social: the highest producer of refugees, total repression, mass forced labor and an average family has most of its members abroad as refugees.

    Happy 23 independence day, sorry for 23 miserable years!

    • haileTG

      Eritrean youngsters in Libya.detention centers.

    • tes

      Dear haile TG,

      All the Awatistas are my mentors and everything that I share is because they keep me to think and do my best to share what I have. In deed you are within.

      Keep me inspired!


  • Happy Happy Happy 23

    Happy birthday Eritrea

    ርሑስ ቅንያት ናጽነት سعيد عيد الاستقل

    • 23

      happy birthday Eritrea. I love what u have done with the video. Represent Eritrea’s colors: green, blue, yellow, and red. wonderful!

  • AMAN

    The death of PFDJ is the Rainaisance of EPLF !!
    And the Rainaisance of E…R…I…T…R…E….A !!

  • Solomon Seyum

    “The people had little information regarding the evolution of this name though the first two letters were synonymous with that of [EP] LF, and little attention was paid for the later meaning of JD”
    Pardon the side show please. I just think the above sentence is lough out loud funny. It is innocent, even for my part, trust me. It is as if the author is telling us I am paying very little attention to these damned acronyms. It is some what subconscious. Don’t you think. He is saying I think Ya’ll know who the hell I am talking about.

  • Solomon Seyum

    The first two letters of PFDJ were/are synonymous with the EPLF. not a big deal just the first two of pfdj are the third and fourth of eplf.

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Haw Tes,

    Continue on the project you are tackling. It is a worthwhile project that will help us to define the future of our country and our people. It exposes what PFDJ says and what in reality are. All those, they call them “principles” are just to camouflage the true character of PFDJites and their ideology. Their true ideology are the true facts running on the ground. And please don’t listen to the cries that we often hear “Issayas hijacked” our struggle. PFDJites are Issayasist and Issayasist are PFDJites. There are no border that separate them. They are like nucleus and cytoplasm in a cell and are interdependent to each other. One thing though, I believe this is a continuation of part-I and Part-II. Don’t you need to assign as Part-III. Just suggestion.


    Amanuel Hidrat

    • tes

      Dear Amanuel,

      Thank you for the encouragement and I will continue to expose the ideology in practice till we build the nation that we dreamt for.

      As you said, this part is a continuation of the first two parts and I take your suggestion. This is part III. Thank you dear. As we debated before, Issaias is within PFDJ and all atrocities done are within their system reach. Ideology does not work alone, it needs strategies and policies and these agents need human capital Issaias is within this category. Though first the master head, now he is the manager of the demonic mission of PFDJ. Hence, we have common understanding regarding these issue.

      I have read your plea and I totally agree with you. We need to go ahead instead of wasting time debating on issues that can only be settled when peace prevails. We should not be hostages of PFDJ policy.


  • tes

    Dear Awatistas,

    DIA out of hibernation

    DIA on interview with Swedish TV channel

    With his bold and ignorant speech but a sign of the international pressure is working.

  • Amde


    I really like your unique contribution. You tie ideology and policy to realities on the ground in a way I have seen nobody do on this forum.


    • tes

      Dear Amde,

      Thank you. I am trying my best to disclose PFDJ governance from ideological perspective. PFDJ is complex in its approach towards Eritrean society and this can only be tackled when we try to understand what their mind is. To do this, living under their brutal system helped me to know who they are.

      Dear Ade, hope you will enrich the contribution that I am sharing from your perspective also.


      • Amde

        Hi Tes,

        Your commentary on the farmers/peasants reminded me of the treatment of Kulaks in Soviet Russia, and their elimination by Stalin as a deliberate act of class extermination. I don’t know how many parallels you can draw from it, but it is a classic conflict of the pursuit of equality as the supreme goal and its devastating effect.


        • tes

          Dear Amde,

          It is not different in fact. What PFDJ tries to implement is of socialistic approach. My analysis is purely what it exist on the ground even I have not gone in detail. As I was scanning the link you shared me, the terminologies can be applied directly in order to link with the way they handle the peasants.

          To take one that attracted my attention in the link reads as follows;

          “The word kulak originally referred to independent farmers in the Russian Empire who emerged from the peasantry and became wealthy following the Stolypin reform, which began in 1906.

          This is what it happened after large and fertile land was re-distributed to tegadelti nebere or the rich business people. IN the low-lands, people were forced to leave their land and is given to very few individuals. These individuals, including military officers became beneficiaries of this land grab by PFDJ. And hence, today, there are very rich the so called individual farmers (whom I know personally some of them).

          It is good that such matching happened though I didn’t know the term before. Thank you and I will read more to disclose the system. Indeed there is no doubt that what they do is pure socialism with more inclination towards JUCHE IDEOLOGY.

          thanks again

      • Amde

        Hi Tes,

        I don’t know if you have researched some of the Khmer Rouge history. I found the Wikipedia entry on Pol Pot more comprehensive on what occurred there, than that on the Khmer Rouge. Here is the link

        Sometimes we have to be cautious of drawing too many parallels, but I was struck by the Khmer Rouge;s aggressive policies on Social Engineering, desire of self-sufficiency, anti-intellectualism and the hidden ethnic nationalism.

        Perhaps you may find some useful things, maybe a picture of a society under an extreme version of the Juche ideology. (as hard as it is to believe that there can be extreme versions of Juche, in many ways that was the Khmer Rouge)