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Purveyors Of Pretence And The Curse Of The Minority

Much like civil war and proxy war prone Lebanon where the bloodiest sectarian wars in the Middle East were once fought (and could blow up anytime); there isn’t a single ethnic group in Eritrea which could claim to have a majority status on its own, even if by the slightest of margins.

Neither the Tigrignas nor the Tigres or any other ethnic group for that matter could ever claim to have the numbers on their side and prove it beyond any doubt – none whatsoever. The absence of an official and independent census in this particular case is not by co-incidence – it is actually a deliberate attempt to conceal some clearly discernable facts. So in a nutshell, Eritrea could very well be described as a nation of minorities.

Yes, a nation of minorities – and this is where our dilemma begins.

Under normal circumstances, this would have been a blessing for the nation – an enviable marvel in which no single ethnic group would have been able to muster enough political clout based on numbers alone, and by which it could have subjugated or disenfranchised the other ethnic groups. The inevitabilities of dialogues, compromises and working together through give-and-take approaches would have been the orders of the day. A sort of made-in-heaven social structure, if you will, resulting in a near-perfect social harmony.

But unfortunately, there is also a flipside to this. If treachery reigns and goodwill becomes non-existent as is the case in today’s Eritrea, such social structures could also turn out to be double-edged swords. The absence of a clear and delineated majority could sometimes create a fertile ground for a minority ethnic group to try and assume the role of a non-existent majority. The heavy toll exacted on a nation to maintain such an un-sustainable role in this scenario would be catastrophic. The blessing referred to above could easily flip into a curse – the curse of the minority, if you will.

And Eritrea’s problem (yes, it is one solvable problem) of the past twenty odd years has been nothing but the absolute curse of the minority. In other words, a minority group represented by none other than the bloody dictator and his chauvinist n’hna nsu crowd has been trying to impose and sustain its ethnic supremacy at a horrendous cost to the nation. The direct consequence of this futile attempt is what has sadly become of the once promising young nation – a macabre freak show called Ertra.

This freak show has been going on for quite too long now – in fact, way too long that the finale will be nothing short of a complete disintegration of the nation. Over twenty years in all – and if we haven’t made any serious strides in extricating the beleaguered nation out of its predicament, then it is because many of us have been suckered into accepting blatant lies as absolute or make-belief truths to the sheer detriment of our people.

And unless we break away from these little bubbles of lies we cozy up to as our dubious comfort zones – unless our national discourse is premised on nothing short of complete honesty and full transparency however bitter that may turn out to be – then we can keep talking till kingdom come, we will never achieve anything except draining each other out dry. Worst yet, there won’t be a nation to be had.

The only way a minority group could rule over a country like Eritrea by excluding all other stakeholders in the country is through sheer tyranny as has been the case over the past twenty years. And tyranny is not a freebie by any stretch – it comes with a cost – a heavy bloody cost, at that. It sustains itself through blood – human blood; and mind you not only does it suck the blood of those who oppose it, but also the blood of those who try to sustain it as well. It is a lose-lose scenario start to finish. The misery suffered by the entire nation under the concept of the ugly Ertra of the past twenty years speaks for itself and I don’t think it needs any rehashing here.

But what is important is this. If suffering and bleeding under tyranny is the only way that we can stick together as a nation – then we don’t deserve to be together in the first place, period.

You see, prejudice wasn’t created by us – Eritreans, nor is it unique to Eritrea. It was there since the creation of man and will likely be there till the end of time. That some among us will take their prejudices to their graves is not all that uncommon – it is just a reflection of human nature running its natural course.

What is silly and futile though is to predicate our coming together on the sole condition of creating this puritan utopian society – one which is free of all those so-called non-conformists who are often denigrated by the bigots and their sleeper agents as regionalists, Islamists, Jihadists and what have you. Lest we forget – this is exactly how Fascism was created, not to mention Nazism and the whole gamut of xenophobic and sectarian social ailments which were the main causes of genocides, despicable atrocities and much bloodshed throughout history.

Not only that but also as history clearly shows us, this idea of creating monolithic and ethnically cleansed societies are just not doable. If the Nazis and the Fascists with their colossal manpower, lethal armaments and multi-billion dollar war budgets and the many others who followed and still follow their foot steps over the years couldn’t do it other than to create untold carnage and suffering for all – then it is hard to fathom that a minority group within a tiny nation like Eritrea – a group which could hardly secure a bowl of chickpeas for its starving conscript army (let alone the starving population at large) could succeed in such an undoable morbid scheme. It will never work – it will just prolong the suffering of all involved, victims and victimizers alike.

If Eritrea is to be saved – or to put more correctly, to be salvaged rather, given the damage that is already done – if it is to break free from the spell of the curse of the minority – then it can only do so when the majority of its stakeholders come to the full acknowledgement and acceptance that their coming together under the banner of one nation is not to be predicated on them liking and/or approving of each others being, creed, beliefs and ideologies – but rather on them accepting and recognizing each other’s rights, privileges and responsibilities as diverse but nonetheless equal citizens of a nation. Anything short of that is just a recipe for endemic turmoil and chaos culminating in the complete disintegration of the nation.

So let us stop this jingoism of serenading each other on pretence as HGDEF does with its hade hzbi – hade lbi crap. We are a divided people with deep wounds – and that is a fact which no sane person could deny. If a divided people have the will and the intent to come together, then the first thing they need to do is be honest with themselves first and foremost before they could try to gain the trust of those they are trying to reconcile with.

The stage for the morbid freak show Eritrea has become today which was set almost half a century ago is not a one man show as many would love to believe. It had and still has many sordid players – but none as hopelessly bigoted as the purveyors of pretence (ሸቃጦ ሓሶት).

And the purveyors of pretence come in many shades. There are those who like to prolong HGDEF’s lifespan under different guises, those who like to present themselves as HGDEF’s milder alternatives, those who want HGDEF removed but would like to keep the loot and of course the most pretentious of them all – those who like to suck and blow at the same time – I mean who could forget those blatant liars who pretend to be liberal democrats and espouse nothing but sugar-coated bigotry?

Despite their different stripes though – all these purveyors of pretence coalesce around a single raison d’être – preserving the curse of the minority – a curse that has been devouring all Eritreans, whether Muslims or Christians, Lowlanders or Highlanders without any respite whatsoever.

The Muslim/Lowlander is ostracized, expropriated, excluded and finally made to dissipate in thin air by being assimilated into neighbouring albeit foreign societies, while the Christian Highlander is given one of two fateful choices – (a) suffer and die defending the war loot Ertra has become, or (b) suffer and die running away for rejecting “the cause” and face the fate of the Muslim/Lowlander. Many chose the latter, just like those Christian Highlanders who rejected HGDEF’s bigoted Ertra from the onset and never set foot in Eritrea by choosing a life of exile over bigotry.

Just like they have a single raison d’être, the purveyors of pretence also have one main target despite the different tactics they employ to achieve their goals: scaring the wits out of the Christian Highlander by insinuating that the Eritrean Muslims are hell bent on creating and installing a Sharia-based Islamic state where the Christians would be a persecuted minority. This was how “Andnet” was sold to the Christian Highlander, and even worse, this was exactly how N’hnan E’lamanan was also sold to the unsuspecting Christian Highlander. Half a century on to this day – the same old tricks are still at full play.

Whichever way you slice it – whatever shape, form or tactic it takes – the main target for these bigoted pathological liars is always one and the same – it is all about creating this big ugly crack – a wedge of sorts between the Muslims and the Christians in the country – they just don’t have the faked temerity of the hgdefites to do it in the open – they always resort to pretence as a convenient camouflage.

But here is why their entire scheme is a sham – a big farce, so to speak.

The notion that the religion (Islamic) based political movements of Eritrea would install a sharia-based Islamic state is way too far-fetched even to contemplate let alone to take as a given. In order for that scenario to happen, for starters, what it would require of these political movements would be to secure the votes of confidence from all the Christians in the country for the idea. It goes without saying that no one needs to be hard-pressed to figure out what those votes would look like; – but that is not all;

It is also very obvious that not all Eritrean Muslims support the creation of a sharia-based Islamic state for a variety of reasons, chief among which is the notion of holding their faith at a higher pedestal than the mundane aspects of politics; but still, that is not all;

Again stating the obvious, it is common knowledge that at the end of the day, it is not political parties or partisan groups that will single-handedly decide the fate of the nation and what course it takes – but rather, all the stakeholders of the nation through a covenant they make with each other – a broad national covenant that protects one and protects all.

So why the fear-mongering then, one may ask – why so much pretence? The answer has always been one and the same: It is the only way through which a minority group could survive until either its hidden agenda is completed (when hell freezes over) or it implodes into smithereens (more likely sooner than later). Either way, the whole essence of HGDEF can only exist by keeping one section of the population at bay while holding the other under bondage.

So folks, let us not cave in to this evil morass created by the purveyors of pretence and let us be more pragmatic in our national discourse. As mentioned before, we can keep serenading each other as how wonderful a people we are just on pretence and until things blow up – or alternatively, we could face our fears and little demons head on to bring what matters to us to the open – failing which, it would certainly mean that we are not talking to each other, but just being used as tools for a cynical project.

When and if the implosion occurs – it is going to be big and it is going to be ugly – very ugly. By then, no amount of talk will ever save the nation.


Bondage: What is the dictator’s infamous line in which he chastises the Tigrignas for abandoning his regime but at the same time unwittingly admits his guilt – the loot?  “እንታይ ዘይገበርናሎም ኢና”
(Even the thug himself couldn’t believe what he looted)

Oxymoro: “Silent Majority”– the most abused phrase.

There are over a million Eritreans (the core of the majority, I presume) systematically blocked from returning to their homeland. Go to any gathering where these folks happen to be – and the one thing you will never see them do is be silent about their misfortunes. So the question is – is it them who are silent or is it the deaf?

(Just another example of how we are not talking to each other)

Arming Civilians: What is the catch here? Or the ploy to be exact?

When the implosion occurs (the real reason behind the arming), those the regime trusts and considers to be part of the “agenda” will know where the exact locations of the ammunition depots will be and will have full access to them – while the others whom the regime uses as decoys so that not to appear as though it is arming only one section of the population will only have the munitions loaded in their weapons and will have no access to ammunition depots for re-supply nor will they be aware of their secret locations. With no ammunition, their weapons will only be as good as toothpicks. In other words – they will just be sitting ducks after the first few rounds. To say that this is cruel is an understatement.


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  • derebew

    This is moronic, When has Eritrea been a republic? The only period of time Eritrea had been given a chance at showing anything for it self is marred by dictatorship, wanton arrest of citizens with out right to due justice, the youth robed of their livelihood and their future snuffed out of them, generations of parents burring their children, total hopelessness….I can go on and on …what is there to bray about? Is it not a one man dictatorship worse than the kingdom of Haileselassie? You may be too young or dense to remember/understand but Eritreans were far better of under the Ethiopian kingdom than they find them selves now, which has put the livelihood of the people and the country it self (Eritrea) in peril.
    I am all for the freedom of Eritrea but truth has to be told.
    Eritrea would have been the luckiest country, if it was to be like Ethiopia at this moment. I don’t know were you hail from but there is stench in your mouth which is hate.
    In my opinion the situation in Eritrea is very disturbing and sad and we all have to contribute to the bettering of the situation to alleviate the suffering of the people. It is not a good idea to appear as Asmarino fashinista when you in fact are walking bare bottom and in tattered cloths.
    If you were smart you would turn your head look at what is happening in Ethiopia and realize your own dream in your own country Eritrea.
    I am an Ethiopian and I will continue to show my concern for Eritrea and its people because I don’t see much difference between my self and many of the Eritreans I see and meet in my daily life. I happen to be in a position to help many people and I help many Eritreans every month, which may surprise you and the sweet words that flow from their mouth and the brothership and love they show me makes me wonder if there are two Eritreas, like two pieces of cloth where you can cut different pieces or is it because they need my help they display this amazing and very civilized behaviour, when they need my help or is it because you and the likes of you are an anomaly freaks born to spoil what Eritrea could have been?

  • Tesfabirhan WR

    Deal All,

    It is good sometimes to flash back again to see what has been said to see the consistency. Here is what I found from what SGJ said on October 7, 2011 in an interview wit TV Adal. Reading this article (by Mohammed Hamed and SGJ’s recent article) are nothing but the wide cry of the oppressed people.

    Consistence and persistentence are the final measures in a principled struggle


  • Semere Andom

    Hi awatistas:

    Here is a press release from PFDJ, in it as usual it accuses others for the exodus of the 6,200 youth from its grip. It calls the slavery of its endless servitude of the youth, a mandatory National Service It blames everyone,but itself.Nothing new here, but it proves how unhinged and its pure disdain it holds Eritreans .
    It accuses UNHCR for the pull factor. PFDJ is devoid of giving thanks. this arm of the UN is responsible for educating hundreds of Eritreans in the Sudan in Comboni and the Eritrean refugee School in Kassala. Many of these Eritreans were skilled and worked for Eritrea and many more joined the armed struggle, many were martyred.
    The Eritrean Refugee School in Kassala was supposed to be for every refugee, Eritrean, Ethiopian and those from Tigray at that time, but the Eriterans like the late Michael Gabir convinced the organization to make it only for Eritreans and it was. The elementary revolutionary schools in different part of Sudan that was run by EPLF sent of its brightest and best students to attend either Comboni or the Eritrean Refugee School and the UNCHR not only paid the tuition for, but paid the students stipends. Entirea families supported their livelihood from this and educated their children. The late Michael Gabir and others foung fiercely to save the Kassala school from EPLF control and they succeeded. Students were educated EPLF “aynom dem endamelom”

    • Tesfabirhan WR

      Dear Sem A,

      In addition to your well versed rebuke, the Foreign Affairs of PFDJ for the first time didn’t deny the human exodus. He used to deny for the last 10 years and now he came with a new tactic to blame UNHCR. This is a naked defeat of PFDJ.

      Just on tday’s news report, UNHCR was attending into a nationally remembered day for sanitation. I am quite sure that UNHCR is the major sponsor of such works.


    • Rodab

      Ambassador Girma said thousands of Ethiopian refugees are crossing to Eritrea too, but his regime doesn’t play politics and publicize it. Yeah right!
      Now that press statement, what are the chances Isaias didn’t get furious and wrote it himself using MoFA nickname? I say chances are >0.1%.
      Weridwo Osman SaliH…shimu yemerasHwo alewu beAl monkey, charlie…

      • saay7

        Selamat Rodab:

        Engineer Rodab, back to school for you: you mean the chances are < 0.1% 🙂

        I agree that Osman Saleh and any other FM (until they make one of the two Yemanes the FM): did not write this. The only real question about the writing that carries the name of his office: did he read it before we did or he read it along with us?:)

        I am not sure I agree it was written by Isaias. He has a certain signature style: the professor asking 1,0001 questions and overuses quotation marks. If I were a betting man, I would say this is Yemane Gebremeskel (Charlie) and yep he too has his signature piece: snark.


        • Semere Andom

          Hi Rodab and Sal:
          I think it was written by Elias Amar, who was educated in Comboni, Khartoum paid by UNHCR;-)
          Seriously though, when I was reading it, it sounded like Elias Amara, although I did not hear about him for a long time.

  • AMAN

    Dear Awates
    Yes you are sometimes right and it is true that I (and majority of the people)
    didn’t choose to talk freely and say what we want to say or say what we should
    say openly on loose irresposnsible open to all public medias where no one takes
    responsibility and takes stand for what he/she said or stands (support or oppose).
    just only not to go wrong with those who are going wrong and not add fuel to an
    already out of hand and burning issue along sectarian and factional agendas of
    sub-regionalism, religious extremism and tribal-sub national issues instead of the
    greater goal and picture.
    So what is wrong if one tried to avoid such discussion but only deal with giving clues
    that the agenda of discussion is out of hand and can be destructive to the social fabric
    of society ? More over you do not know that who uses this information. It may fall into
    the hands of the enemy woyane and its foot soldiers who always sniff for bad news of
    Eritrea and the people.You can see that even with those issues which we left them behind
    us and insignificant issues trying to make a mountain out of those mole hills.
    So, yes sometimes I was not choosing to say what I should have to say just to lead by example
    by avoiding divisive debates only aimed for division by falling into the enemy trap.
    Thus should I (and the majority who did and choose so ) be rewarded or condemned for this ?
    Partisans in both camps were only widening societal divisions in their rush to control state/public
    power and authority and it is only the majority people who stood moderate and in the main stream.
    Partisans and their followers on both camps were only acting on the extremism and out of the main
    stream Eritrean people’s nationa agendas for their factional and sub national sub grouping goals.
    But personaly anybody as a human nature has the feelings of belonging to his Awraja,Biherseb and
    Haimanot as human values but puts them to moderation to give priority to common ground of us all.
    Hence the fact that we chose not to fall into these cracks that drag our collective movement forward
    backwords is only due to farsightedness and noble agenda that only comes from noble people like
    me and the silent majority.

  • Tsige Asfaha

    Dear readers: as vice president Mondale once asked, “Where is the beef?” I too am at a loss with the purpose of this type of articles; I get little out of it other than the tirade. where is the substantiated finding? As the Tigrigna saying goes, Aadi Tsemamat Hade derfom, SGJ’s piece has become a song. I do not remember who to attribute it to, but I remember the quote: “Ladies and gentlemen, we have met the enemy, and it is us.” what is obvious about the predicament of the Eritrean people is even the little effort for change is facing an internal sabotage from within. I have to admit that such a wanton behavior ticks me. I hope you don’t mind to read the following sarcastic observation on my part in an effort to redirect the readers attention where it should:

    -What a revelation, a class of sinners, “The liberal Democrats” have made it to the top of the list of enemies of Eritrea.Fellow Eriteans, there is no need to spell the sins of these people, “purveyors of pretence”; what they failed to see, failed to hear, failed to say, or do; is the “mother” of all sins. there is no need to give evidence or establish the facts. You might ask if innuendos are enough ground to condemn others, the answer is we have waited too long to study our enemies; it also is too cumbersome of a task; besides, us, the tested champions of your cause, we already know them. Thus we have made the judgment on your behalf. The point of this endeavor on our part is to effect change through wanton outrage.That proven method from Gobles has worked for Issaias too; let’s follow suit. Now the song has been composed, the task at hand is to propagate it. Let us sing in unison and it will stick. Fellow countrymen, remember, we have a new motto: mad slinging is courage!
    Men of Wanton Courage.


  • haileTG

    haqu mehele, don’t blow hot airs, I will answer you good and proper. a little later in the day. For now, Mhmuday and aman have asked you a question and get busy with answering those, till I get back to you. BTW I know the answer to Mahmuday’s question and you’ll either have to answer him or I will have to help you. What’s up with re-post anyway? ala Musiela:)

  • said

    If history is any guide, Today there is genuine political, social, regional and religious grievances of both Christian
    and Muslims alike ,Christians of many denominations are often the target of the regime, in order to stop their aggressive
    proselytizing efforts , the regime political philosophy associated with atheist communists of by gone era and in actively managing the public religious space. The unspoken and unofficial, under the radar there is ethnic and religious
    discrimination for high government and midlevel position.

    It would be extremely worrying some and mind bungling if fundamental change did not take place by now in
    replacing the dying rigid system ,otherwise it would be the same old regime with a new face of imposing new order and milder dictatorship, the very repressive pillar of the one-party state . This would be for second time the monopolisation of absolute power altogether and all over again, a new nightmare.

    I don’t think there is a worse scenario than this. One have to be on gourde and vigilant, no more one single-party
    rule. And every opposition party must be against exclusion, no more hidden agenda. After expected of peaceful change or the revolution, it will be much more difficult to restore the old dictatorship of the past. We need to build urgently
    strong civic society and the ability and the advantage of civil society to mobilise, makes it hard to overthrow the new democracy in the upcoming new face of Eritrea.

    Eritrean are looking forward in building a state for the 21st century. Trusting to building the world’s first
    modern state.
    EPLF/PFDJ lost cheer good will, a large percentage of the then silent population never asked for nor bargained
    for a culture of oppressive regime, the regime was as much about can do mentality and based on false pride, dignity and greatness as it was about independence and overthrowing old system. It isn’t just pride and arrogance
    culture of the tiny ruling minority. It also although the so called ruling are ignorantly proud – perhaps looking backward instead forward, overly so – of their 30 years of struggle or wrongly read the 3,000-year history and culture
    of tiny minority over ruling the majority. Can be accused of faith in habesha exceptionalism in much the same way the US and china has in its own way.

    Indeed, arrogance ,pride and a sense of the can do exceptionalism can explain some of regime oppressive and
    regressive behaviour, but more than anything it is false pride and dignity that drives the domestic and ’s foreign policy; the nation that chose an isolation and ostracisation and nation that chose to be in penalty box ,self-imposed détente , leader fault, our people deservingly and are as hungry as a people can be for interaction – for business,
    peace, social and cultural with rest of the world. And to bring change to restore freedom and rights that
    was sort of promised the people in the eve of independence of 1991.

    The hopeful nation and arguably the future new state of multi faith and -ethnic state – would chose to draft modern constitution, democracy ,freedom and restored rights , whatever the cost. The EPLF/PFDJ replaced
    colonizer with uglier unproven system. The unprepared and unaccustomed to rule by democracy .

    Few Eritreans, regime blind supporters,would willingly accept dictatorship and surrender their god giving
    rights to the “language of force”.

    Eritrean have long looked to compare their progress to the neighboring countries, Ethiopia, Kenya and even
    across the red sea Jeddah or Dubai for that matter with some deep sadness,envoy and indignation. If it were not for the regime control freak and animosity with nearby and far the west.
    The good climate, the geographic location and great potential of Asmara and Massawa would be a natural
    dynamic destination, far more attractive to do business and trade than Addis, Nairobi, Jeddah and Dubai.

    Eritreans looking around
    them and don’t like what they see and they are horrified and disgusted. Regime
    oppression and one-man cult, the redeemer and to bring salvation and absolute rule
    is not for them, but democracy human right, universal value, progress – in
    education, economics , social, political and technological advancement – and
    healthy relations with neighbouring countries and the international
    community are the dream of our people .

  • Kaddis

    Andom –

    Can you go a bit further and give us an example how TPLF can assign a ‘tigre governor’ the way Janhoy did to other regions of the country … they can’t –

  • Crocus

    What on earth are you babbling about? Do you have comprehension problem? Whether you agree or not, stay on topic if you care to comment. Are you afraid to contemplate what the article is about? What a load of bull.

  • Saeed Siraag

    Not just the title

  • dawit

    Waw the nation of a colleen of minorities failed to fotm a country like Switzrrland with drmocracy and wealth in 20 yesrs so we are doomed. THE SKY ID FSLLING! TRASH ARTICLE The unholy allayances pf crusadets and islsmists, regionalists will not deter Eritrea from marching forward under the leadership of PFDJ


    • Saeed Siraag

      i have no doubt that Eritrea will eventually march forward, but not under the leadership of PFDJ. Let’s face it your PFDJ is holding Eritrea back from moving forward.

  • Kokhob Selam

    ኣነስ እንታይ ምበልኩ : እዚ ስርዓት ዝውክሎ ፍሉይ ሕ-ስብ ካብ ዘይብሉ እቲ ጸግም ካብ ‘ቲ ዝበሃል ዘሎ ዝለዓለ እዩ ::ምናልባት ካብ ዕለታት ሓንቲ መዓልቲ ንትግርኛ ተዛረብቲ ዝውክል ኮይኑ ብምቅራብ ኣብ ሞንጎ ህዝብና ፍልልያት ክፈጥር ፈቲኑ ይኸውን ወረ እቲ ጸዋታ ‘ሲ ዝተሓላለኸ እዩ ዝነበረ: ካብኡ ናባኡ ኣብ ሞንጎ ትግረ ሰምሃርን ትግረ ባርካን ክፈጥሮ ዝፈተኖ ፍልልያት ‘ሲ ነይሩ እንድዩ::

    እቲ ኣምላኽ ክብሩ ይስፋሕ :-እዚ ጉጅለ ንቤህራዊ ይኹን ቀቢላዊ ሃይማኖታዊ ይኹን ኣውራጃዊ ፍልልያት ብምግፋሕ ዝገበሮ ሕልኽልኽ ዝበለ ሸርሕታት ደጊም ብሕገ ኣልቦነቱን : ጨካን: ቅጥዒ ኣልቦ ኣሰራርሕኡን ፈሺሉ እዩ :: ሎሚ ብዚ ጉጅለ ዘይተሳቐየ ክፍሊ ሕ- ስብ የለን ወላ ‘ውን ነታ ነብሱ ዘይውክል ሕሱርን ርኹስን መገዲ እዩ ተጓዒዙ ::

    እቶም ቀደም ዝተሰነዑ ሕድሕዳዊ ጎነጻት ‘ውን እንተኾነ ኣልሓምዲሊላህ ዝገደፍዎ ወገናዊ ቅርሕንቲ የለን :እቲ ምንታይ ሲ ቀታልን ተቀታልን ክልተ ኣሕዋት ብምንባሮም ስለ’ዚ ሃገርና ኤርትራ ኣብ መጻኢ ኣብ ዘይተደላይ ኩናት ሕድ ሕድ ክትኣቱ እያ ዝብል ጥርጣሬ ክህልወና የብሉን ::

    የግዳስ ምስሉይነት ሳዕሪሩ ሓደ ንሓደ ካብ መስመር ብዝሓለፈ መገዲ “ሓደ ኢና” እናበልካ ብድሕሪት ከኣ ምጽላም ምንሻውን : ንቀቢላኻ ወይ ብሄርካ ኣልዒልካ ምር ኣይን ልሙድ እናኾነ ይኸይድ ስለ ዘሎ ፍልልያቱ ኣሚኑ ተኸባቢሩ ዝነብር ክቡር ሕ-ሰብ ኮይኑ ክቀርብ ክንረባረብ ይግበኣና እዩ ይብል :: እዚ ጥራይ ውን ኣይኮነን ዓብላልነት ዕውት ዘይምዃኑ ኣብ ታሪኽ ተማሂርና እና ‘ሞ መሰላት ካለኦት ከይሓለኻ – ርጉጽ ዝኾነ ሰላም ምስፋን ኣይከኣሉን እዩ ‘ሞ ምክብባር ክዓዝዝ ኣትሪርና ክንሰርሓሉ ኣለና ::

  • Semere Andom

    Dear Mohammed:
    You wrote that there is no single ethnic group which can claim majority. Where does this data come from? What we have in Eritrea is a regime that enslaves everyone, but the Tigriniya are the majority ethnic group unless you have a smoking gun data. Although, the regime equally brutalizes every ethnic group, it has been tremendously helped by the historical fact that EPLF had Highland/Christian roots. Even after EPLF jelled into its current form by the alliance ( Mahmuday, this is different alliance, do not panic;-)) of both religions and from Tigriniya and Tigre, the former remained a formidable force both in the leadership and in the rank in file. And even culturally EPLF was a Tigriniya centric, although the ethnic group did not fair better.
    I think our demons can be stabilized by one uniting speech, now after all the heavy lifting our starts must be aligned after the demise of the regime and if we have a leader with wisdom and foresight. The reset, the details can be ironed as we go along, not easy task, there is a lot of bottled up anger and there is no assurances, but we have a shot to at least bring a stop the bleeding. I would be fine chugging along with the scars
    The divide is not only between the Christian and Moslems, that is to be expected, what worries me is the intra-ethnic divide, the Tigriniya vs Tigiriniya, the Tigre vs Tigre. I was familiar with the former, but the first time I heard someone from Semhar telling me he would prefer a Qeshi Demetros than some one from Barka, I literally stood from my chair and sat back again. These may be the fringes, but it is unsettling.
    Now to go back to what some call my easy punching bag, Ghedli. In its 30 years history, it failed to fix this and EPLF pulled the strings insidiously for narrow ambitions, but what are not yet broken, but we are almost there

    • Saeed Siraag

      I am afraid someone else might argue that, the Tigre are the majority ethnic group and historically ELF had Tigre root. Is this the right time for such silly argument? I think not, u said it “the regime equally brutalizes every ethnic group”

    • Mohammed Ahmed

      Hi Semere:

      You said and I quote “the Tigriniya are the majority ethnic group unless you have a smoking gun data.”

      Now I can simply turn that back to you and say where is your smoking gun data to the contrary? Chicken or egg style – but that is beside the point.

      But here is what is important. Your claim, based on your observation as you described it is actually good. You can use it to convince all those who are sticking with HGDEF because they are so petrified of democracy
      where they have to contest for power against others who may outnumber them. According to you now – or probably your keen observation, they don’t have to worry about that because as you say, they have a majority.

      If you succeed in that endeavor, it is not only the Tigrignas who will benefit but all Eritreans will fare better as HGDEF will lose a sizable base.

      As for the minority status referred to in the article, all you have to do is this: start with the 50/50 ratio – the Tigrignas starting at 50% and then adjust that number for two things HGDEF did to prop it up to that
      level (1) back out the Jeberties (8 -10% may be more) as they constitute their own ethnic group and (2) account for the 1 million Eritreans (almost entirely Muslim lowlanders) blocked by HGDEF from returning to their homeland – back out another 10-15% by adjusting your base or denominator.

      I am sure you can figure out the rest.

      As I have indicated at the beginning of the article, there is no independent census conducted to this day (which is purpose-driven) and until such time that this is done there is no way that HGDEF’s propped up
      numbers could be taken as dictum.

      I remember writing a full article on this (it is probably archived somewhere) ironically responding to another Semere (Tesfai) who was boasting about the inherent right of the Tigrignas to rule and for the other ethnic groups to submit or else – and that kind of crap.

      • Semere Andom

        Hi Mahmud:
        It is too late here to do the calculus you provided. But I am against the tyranny of majority and even here in Canada I hate it when in our parliamentary system one party wins a majority, I like the minority government to stripe away the taking for granted of the majority rule, so in that regard this Semere is in your “alliance”. The system must be so hard for the one in power to impose its will.
        The exodus of the lowlands to the Sudan in early days of 1970 contributed to the swelling of refuges from this region and unfortunately they were not allowed to return as you say, but then do we know their number has increased to 1 million, that is a country by it self.
        Still until we do the calculus problem, the fact does not change that EPLF was Tigirinya dominated organization, and it hurt both the Tigriniya and the non-Tigirinya: the former delusionally thought that it was their own by their own and the later were fooled by the “sweetners” like Sherifo, Romodan, Afa and so on. An organization like EPLF that boasts almost equal number of highlander and lowlanders in its politic bureau did not help the 1million refuges return, a troubling thought. This leads to yet to an other division
        As you may have already figured it out, I have lots of dreams/fantasies for Eritea and one of them is to have a prime minister* from the lowlands, who fluently speaks Tigriniya, Tigrayit and Arabic and switching to 3 of them back and forth when he addressed the nation. I know I have a romantic in me 🙂
        * I want change the presidential systems to Prime ministerial just to undo what was decided in Tekli,haha

        • Mahmud Saleh

          Semere Hfoonay
          First of all you are making some shataHtaHat by mixing names, I know you confused Mahmud for Mohammed, because akhieba teKli is a jab-word we both use; or we we do have others who share it? Second, when you get stuck in calculating demographic stats (numbers), you know the debate has ended. With flashing numbers comes “I’m bigger than you,thus…” It takes a different dimension, which is not helpful, because it’s done to make a point: that a certain group is oppressing others, when the whole nation is bleeding. Let’s do the stats when Eritreans get that luxury.
          naay lomi mKhri labamat.

          • Semere Andom

            Hi Mahmud Aderob:
            sorry for the confusion. “eti itsnehaleeye emo ayqbelon”, ytsenehalna elkum qedem rienayo;-)

            And thanks to brother Mohammed Ahmed for his comment

  • Millennial

    Thanks for the article and for sharing your perspective. As a millennial and an Eritrean young man living in exile, I have the following opinion:

    The issue of region/religion/politics discussed in the article by the author is NOT an issue among millennials. I think the problem is isolated to the older generation which happens to be more active and vocal in the present. I have never met a single person of my age talk to me about regionalism or religion with political intentions. I am yet to be asked where my bride is from (“Adi”) by a person of my age as is common to do so in the older generation.

    I went to school in Eritrea and grew up in Asmara. Further, I studied at the University of Asmara. I am just describing my experience and I think a lot of youngsters my age will agree with me. I can confidently say that this problem is a non-issue among millennials. Since millennials and the generations after it will replace the older generation, by extension, I can claim that “regionalism and religion in the context of politics” will not be a problem in Eritrea. Why? It does not represent the interest of millennials and therefore, the older generation can not pass it on. It would be like my father trying to find me a wife in the 21st century. Unthinkable :)!!

    Millennials, we might not be the majority right now, but we will be, very soon. So Eritrea has a bright future! When the old generation with a bag full of deep wounds, bitterness, all sorts of grudges for good and bad reasons passes, my generation and the ones after it, we will be talking about our economy, education, health, infrastructure, trade and co-operation with other countries and countless other common interests. As Millennials, we will learn to be civil, open minded and listen. We will tolerate discourse about anything including talks about regionalism and religion in politics. I must warn you though, we will be very selective to what we take-in and what we reject. We will deeply care about our legacy.

    It will take time but it will happen, I have no doubt. People used to burn “heretics” in Europe, but they longer do that. They called it the dark ages and moved to the renaissance era. We will move too. It is history now and no one has grudges. I am convinced that is the purpose of time and why it moves forward. I think that is why human beings live for only 70-80 years (whether they consider themselves good or bad). Getting old scares me and I don’t like the thought of it but I suppose time has to pass and take care of these issues so that the new generation will be given chance.

    Message for the old generation: When that day comes, and most of your generation has passed, if you happen to be alive and you are still talking about regionalism, religion and politics, you won’t have willing ears listening and wasting time on non-issues. Perhaps, you should start writing books and record what you call the deep rooted issues now, when you have time that is. We will need the books when our time comes and learn from them. But we will call them: “issues from the past history”, “mistakes and lessons learned” and we will close the chapter ones and for all. Don’t get me wrong, I am not denying that these issues existed in the past (I know they exist now among the old generation!). I am just saying they don’t exist any more in my generation and it will completely be a non-issue with the passing of the old generation. That is why I think Eritea has a bright future!

    Is it just us Millennials that don’t care about regionalism and religion for political reasons? I bet you, 80% of the population would not understand or care about the issues in this article. Not that they lack the ability to learn and understand, it is just that there are many other issues to think about, more important things. Remember, Eritreans are mothers, fathers, sons and daughters and at the forefront human beings. As humans, they care about water, food, shelter, relationship, community, school for their children and every good thing that a parent would wish for its offspring ahead of politics and deep schemes. I don’t think 80% of Eritreans are loosing sleep over this issue ahead of other issues — but this is just my opinion.

    In summary, I am not denying the variety of our population, I just think there are more issues that unite us such as opportunity, economy and other common interests. The article misses a large demographic group, the Millennials which are unlike any other generation in the past. We don’t think like the old generation and when our time comes, we will close this chapter as a non-issue because it really isn’t.

    • Saeed Siraag

      WOW, i am not from your generation, but i do share your views.The future of our beloved country lies in the hands of your generation and it is in such good hands.

  • Saeed Siraag

    “”But what is important is this. If suffering and bleeding under tyranny is the only way that we can stick together as a nation – then we don’t deserve to be together in the first place, period”
    Allow me to disagree, what keeping us together as nation is Eritrea NOT the suffering and the bleeding under tyranny.
    Eritreans have lived together as a nation in peace and harmony for ever before “tyranny” and will continue to do so after the departure of the tyrant

  • Mahmud Saleh

    Salam Ustaz Mohammed;
    Thank you for the article; it’s as usual a good read. The following are inspired by article but mention distilled ideas I harbor about this area.
    1. What divides a nation: religion,
    region/geography, Ethnicity/race, income/disparity in development, political
    ideologies (applicable to parties).

    2. What dividing lines do we see in Eritrea?

    -religion, no further analysis, we don’t
    strive to be a religiously monolithic nation; we just accept that divide line,
    respect each other and look after each other. Our people have been doing that
    for time immemorial. Left undisturbed with politico-religious activism, they
    will figure out their way forward as they have done it in the past.

    -region: a political will could narrow it.
    Once a democratic foundation is laid down, business, modernity and industrial
    activities will solve it. Supply and demand of capital and labor will do the
    trick. This is if we don’t mess with it. Tessenei, Asmara, Massawa were
    different demographically before the advent of European colonialism. Today, we
    have proud settlers of those cities who had originated from different remote
    regions of our country. Semhar…Sahel Muslims claim Asmara to be their home, and
    Kebessa Christians and muslims, likewise, claim lowland cities to be their homes.

    -income disparities between urban and rural
    exacerbated by PFDJ economic, political and defense policies exist. The
    potential for up-word socio-economic mobility has been hampered do you to the
    above mentioned policies. We do have regions and families who have missed the
    opportunity to make up past economic damages (most battles were fought in rural
    Eritrea and particularly in lowlands. Could we say these regions have benefited
    from the 23 years of independence? Could we say rural kebesa has particularly
    benefited from it? Who is languishing in national service today? Could we say
    the majority is lowlander, or highlander? What socio-economic status have
    Kebessa farmers gained from the “ruling minority”? Have they gotten a favorable
    treatment in sending their kids to school fulltime, without being stressed by
    economic pressures and governmental policies, so that their kids will attend
    Fulltime School, will get needed materials, will get family attention, and will
    succeed in attending the University and tech colleges? Whose children have got
    the chance of escaping national service, and the break of heading north legally
    or illegally which, if survived, will affect the economic status of their
    families? We know we have designs that have been hurting the whole nation; but
    could we claim Kebessa gained at the expense of lowlands?

    Can we speak in terms of majority and
    minority at this time? To my understanding the language of majority and
    minority is practiced when a time arrives for power sharing. Do we have that
    state at this time? Why do we emphasize our social fault lines and present them
    as having divided us? The US is thought of as a divided nation, Switzerland is
    thought of as a divided nation, name any nation and you will find fault lines.
    But they don’t declare themselves divided to a degree their fault lines are
    emphasized as existential threats. They acknowledge those divide-lines and
    carry on dialogue on narrowing them.

    As you suggested we need to continue
    dialoguing but in a responsible way.
    Eritrea has always been identified as a country sheltering ethnic groups
    and tribes of different color inhabiting different geographical areas, endowed
    with different natural resources, and impacted with war and ruling juntas
    differently. The struggle is not to physically mush those social groups up but
    to create favorable economic policies which could naturally (through the forces
    of market) narrow those disparities.

    To do this we need each other. We are
    actually together. We bled together and we will rise together. We need to
    emphasize our commonalities, strengths without neglecting our weaknesses, but
    in a sober tone. This does not make who call for such an approach purveyors of pretense.
    In a country where every sector is bleeding, in a country where everything is
    secret, in a country where there is no electoral census, one cannot speak of
    numeral majority let alone of a political majority.

    Conclusion: The topic is important, but I
    would like if the tone was compatible with unifying efforts and directing the
    dialogue towards identifying what the “ruling majority” actually accomplished
    in serving its constituencies, does it have any constituency anyway? What commonality
    binds us to establish a political system better than PFDJ? Do fault lines
    indicate divided nation?

    Political power and resource sharing, land,
    language…refugees will be some of the important problems any wannabe comer
    should think of. They are problems that any nation face. Yet, I have no doubt
    that when political opportunism is silenced, our people will be able to design
    ways of addressing them. However, at this stage, we need a sober conversation.
    Every Eritrean meter square demanded an Eritrean life. That Eritrean life could
    have been from Kebessa or MetaHt, a Christian or a Muslim. The soil has no way
    of telling us how many sons and daughters of this region fell to liberate that

    Anyway, these are some of the ideas and since
    this is a comment, it has already been drawn too long. While thanking you for
    your courage and excellent writing, I suggest you stay less alarmist and more
    of a considerate leader. I always enjoy your writings

    • Mohammed Ahmed

      SELAM – ustaz Mahmoud:

      Thank you for your comment. Indeed, most of the pertinent issues you raised are very important and I would be remiss if I say that they don’t cross one’s mind throughout our difficult journey – they do. In fact, they have been discussed and debated to death over the past decade in this forum and many others like it and the issues are just as valid today as they were 10 or 20 years ago.

      But that said, if you just look at the time span mentioned above – 10 to 20 years and ponder by asking – doing what? And then consider this: Discussing and yes talking – for twenty long years.

      Does that sound like we are a people under siege? Does that speak of any urgency on our plight? I don’t think so. Twenty years, for crying out loud and if the regime is on the brink and its unachievable project is falling apart – and then if one is warned not to be caught off guard – how is that being an alarmist?

      Who benefited from the regime?

      Nobody gives a squat who did and who didn’t – and frankly speaking, that is not what the article was discussing.
      Those excluded and ostracized are not whining about not getting a piece of the pie – they couldn’t care less. All they want is just to be able go back home. Do you see how the narratives overlap here? Do you see how people are not talking to each other – as one of the themes the article tried to convey?


  • Saeed Siraag

    I have noticed, you have mentioned in your article the Muslim lowlander & Christian Highlander and you made no mention whatsoever of Muslim Highlander. Are they lost between the two giants?

    • Mohammed Ahmed

      Thank you for your question.
      The delineation is tripartite and is issue-based. (1) Muslim (Highlander, and Lowlander including Afar) (2) Lowlander (Muslim, Christian and traditional Kunama faith) and (3) Highlander Christian.
      No one was left out – and the theme was “no giants”.

      • Saeed Siraag

        Here is what you wrote:
        1. The Muslim/Lowlander is ostracized, expropriated, excluded and finally made to dissipate in
        thin air by being assimilated into neighbouring albeit foreign societies.
        2. while the Christian Highlander is given one of two fateful choices – (a) suffer and die defending the war loot Ertra has become, or (b) suffer and die running away for rejecting
        So again, where are the Muslim/Highlander and what’s their story in your film

        • Shum

          I think you two are talking past each other. Muslim and lowlander are two different groups that can, but does not necessarily intersect. That’s why Mohammad uses a slash. Therefore, Mohammad is saying the Muslim category includes Muslim Highlander.

          Now, Saeed, I’m wondering if you’re questioning this statement applying to Muslim Highlander because he is saying “being assimilated into neighboring albeit foreign societies”. How can highlanders of different faiths consider each other foreign societies?

          • Saeed Siraag

            Mr Shum, u got it, That’s where I was headed, just confused

          • Mohammed Ahmed


            “Neighboring albeit foreign societies” is a clear reference to those societies living n the neighboring countries, particularly the Sudan.

        • Mohammed Ahmed

          Here is one more try:
          #1. is a designation for 2 groups, namely (1) Muslims and (2) Lowlanders.
          Just like when you say he/she – you are referring to two different people.

          That you flipped your question to a different topic is understandable. I see you are also flipping your nic regularly so here is a suggestion – stick to “flipper” a bit thematic but it might help.

  • Gherhi Libu

    A great writer for sure.

    Well, the sad part is the author outlines exactly why we have a shaky union in Eritrea because there is deep-rooted suspicion in every line – ethinic, region, and religion. It is extremely difficult to imagine a healthy nation coming out of this quagmire in the end. It is a doomed nation, if one can call it that.

    There is no epi-center in Eritrea now with the slow but eventual demise of the Tigrinya speaking people. The author comes from a different angle on this but the point of the matter is that where is the center of gravity in Eritrea now? Most nations and states have a center of gravity, one group holding everybody together like a glue. We will not have that in Eritrea unfortunately so a nation of minorities as he calls it not naturally but because of PFDJ. Moreover, as the non-Tigrinay speakers are now extremely suspicious of the Tigrinya speaker – read the last paragraph of this article. So what does that lead to? Very scary scenario according to the author. In any case, PFDJ is oppressing everything on its way, not only the minorities, muslims, or the lowlanders.

    Eritrea doesn’t resemble a nation state – in any sense of the word. If you think I am saying this because I am not Eritrean, then that’s your opinion and it doesn’t matter that much. SAAY had said before that all nations in Africa are on a red alert for a failed state but we have never been a state. Period. So let’s look for alternative solutions, peaceful divorce from each other.

    • Guest

      First u said “we have a shaky union in Eritrea because” & and now “I am saying this because I am not Eritrean” so r u an Eritrean?

      • Gherhi Libu

        I am eritrean, parents from seraye tekela. I was born in Asmara. But I was giving you the free ride to label me agame or whatever.

        • Saeed Siraag

          you are Eritrean, that’s what matters, not how others label u

        • Nitricc

          What kind of BS is this?
          “ I am not Eritrean”
          then this…….
          “I am eritrean, parents from seraye tekela. I was born in Asmara. But I was giving you the free ride to label me agame or whatever”
          How do you deal with such people? I will never figure out why people waste their time on such garbage? Dude, no one cares if you are from Barentu or Asmara. No one!
          Why do you want to play games? Is your life is that worthless and boring? My goodness.

    • Guest

      Eitrea was not meant to be a country to to begin with

  • Saeed Siraag

    My first reaction after reading your article more than once was WOW. Indeed, a very well written and super insightful article. I completely agree with your analysis and it’s in line with my ideas. Yes, the term minority-majority cannot be applied to Eritrea. In the absence of a real and accountable census, terms like minority and majority no longer make sense. The concept of minority-majority does not exists in Eritrea and I am always reluctant to use these terms. I do agree, what we have is “a nation of minorities”. Now, why we don’t just call it a nation of equal citizenship just Eritreans. The central question here is: can a minority ethnic group become a dominant group and assume the role of a majority? In my opinion, this is highly unlikely to happen, at least in the near future. I can’t think of any ethnic minority capable of assuming the role of a majority. Now that we agree that there’s there isn’t a single ethnic group in Eritrea which could claim to have a majority status on its own. Is it a blessing or a curse? I would yes is a blessing.

    • Kaddis


      Ethiopia under minority rule? I am not sure.…regardless of how powerful you believe TPLF is; do you think they can remove Afar regional state’s President and assign a Tigre? Can you imagine the same in Oromia? We are talking about a very resourceful and strong regional states which are becoming powerful and more autonomous by the
      day. The process does not seems to allow either minority or majority rules based on just ethnicity – its how you
      create alliance between the power groups of religious, economic and political elites, minorities, the Military, the western powers etc…

      • Saeed Siraag

        Do you think they can remove Afar regional state’s President and assign a Tigre? do they need to do that and how having a Tigre governor in Afar state or any where will benefit TPLF? The bottom line is: they have an ethnic based federal state in place and they in charge of the entire country federally. By the way, nobody forced them to adopt that kind of federal arrangements. We talking about federal budget, defense, foreign affairs and everything else related to the federal system. We should not overestimate or underestimate TPLF, but in fairness they are a lot more sophisticated than we think and they are done with old game of enforcing language or appointing state governors from their own. They have left that kind of tricks and governing style to us

        • Kaddis

          Saeed –

          I agree -TPLF is more sophisticated than we think, so does the country Eth itself…so that’s why I refrain from definitive answers although I live in Eth. And if you look closer – people have started to understand how complex and difficult running a poor nation let alone make progress. Eritrean oppositions should also take a lesson and stop dreaming all will be rosy once IA is gone.

          As for break away tendencies …the relative progress in terms of economy and regional, political, military recognition Eth is gaining driven by the central government makes living as it is more interesting than secession. Plus most of the ethnic, linguistic, identity and regional issues seems relieved by EPRDF’s very generous policies. If you see Oromia – there are no major disputes looking for more land or constituency to be added to the region. Because they are generously demarcated. The same with Amhara ( some say Woyane divide and rule when they had enough reason to divide Gojam, Gondar, Wollo, Shoa and rule; instead they created Amhara region which makes more economical sense ). If you add the grand national projects like the dam, train, roads…and their diverse locations …breaking up sounds a bit out of context..

          There is also a huge international pull factor missing considering how much western powers worked to create South Sudan. You can create some parallels with Eritrea, East-Timor, Crimea etc. New nations need some international pressure/ sponsors for their formation. The recently broke away nations also kills once secessionist desire…

          • tafla


            Your presentation of the situation in Ethiopia is very interesting and I wish Ethiopia peace, progress and stability. It seems like Ethiopia has found its OWN formula, but it should refrain from prescribing the same medicin for other nations that have a different history, social makeup and economic system they wish to pursue.

            BTW Eritrea WAS a western creation in 1890 (With the blessing of Menelik), but not at Independence (nearly 99% supported Independence and still do). Most Eritrean citizens of all Political persuasions wish from EPRDF is to leave Eritrean territory and not interfere in Eritreans’ internal affairs. Just live as good neighbors in peace with mutual respect.

            Best regards

          • Kaddis

            Tafla –

            I appreciate your honesty and your best wish for your country. And I also wish the border issue is as simple as you try to make it. If you followed the debates of ‘Ras Serray’, Haile TG & Tkfle you would know how complicated it is.

            As for prescribing solutions …every time I come here and read debates; it reminds me the Ethiopia of 95-2005 – where every side of the society was lost in debates and try re-define everything. I can say we came a long way and whether Eritrea can take some lessons or should experience everything by her own – I don’t know. Since our ( Eri, Eth) society make-up is very very similar – if not identical – Eritrea should learn something from Ethiopia.

            Cheers from Addis,

            P.S. Now that election is coming in Eth…lets see how Badme becomes a rallying topic …I will then vote for a party who promise to leave Badme – courtesy of Tafla 🙂

          • tafla

            Great k’addis

            Counting on your vote 😉 do you actually have a choice that range that wide? 🙂 can you do me a favour? Can you check if is still censored in Addis? …Just for fun

          • Kaddis

            Ask me something more fun …like to send you a picture of Yehidar Michael Sitaten – foggy Addis 🙂 Where Addis burns its trash once a year to mark the cholera epidemic of the early 1900s on Yametu Michael Hidar 12

          • tafla

            Okay K’addis, I love Michael Hidar. Please send some pics…not if the trash though 🙂

          • SAEED TSDUWA

            Thanks Tafla,
            “should refrain from prescribing the same medicine for other nations” I could not agree more, u put it nicely. What works for them, might not work for us. U r absolutely right, it is exactly like taking someone else’s medication without regard to his illness or condition

          • SAEED TSDUWA

            Hi Kaddis,
            I have to say, u seem to know a lot about Ethiopian politics and I fully agree with your analysis.

    • Fetima Dechasa


      Why do you even concern yourself with the power influence in Ethiopia?

  • Ambassador

    Saleh Gadi Johar-you see what you have started. “What a sad era when it is easier to smash an atom than a prejudice.” ― Albert Einstein

  • tafla

    So Mahmoud Ahmed! you’ve got computers at your mental institution 😉 Radio Rwanda pales in comparison to this.