Home / Gedab News / Artists Inspire Protesters, Al-Bashir Still Defiant

Artists Inspire Protesters, Al-Bashir Still Defiant

Despite the heightened popular protest demanding his removal, the embattled Sudanese president Omar Al-Bashir is still defiant and refuses to give in. He insists he can only be removed through the ballot box, in an election planned for next year.

Al Bashir, who is leaning on the support of the Muslim Brotherhood and its international network, has warned the protesters against plunging the country in chaos, citing unstable countries in the region. He blames the unrest on an international conspiracy.

The protest that celebrated its one-month anniversary on January 19,   2019, has grown to cover all Sudanese cities and regions. This is the longest protest since Sudan became independent 62 years ago. Al Bashir has presided over half of the period since Sudan became impendent in 1956.

Several people have been killed in stampedes, as police fired tear gas and live fire. So far, the unrest has claimed the lives of around forty people, including a doctor and a child who were killed by police bullets. In addition, close to a thousand activists have been detained in the protests.

In an unprecedented move, a cleric stated that several clerics have asked Al-Bashir to step down.

Meanwhile, Sudanese social media pages are buzzing with old and new catchy chants and protest songs inspiring the people.

About Gedab News

Check Also

Dr. Abiy and the African Union Succeed in Sudan

After months of tense negotiations, leaders of the Sudanese opposition alliance and Sudan’s Transitional Council …

  • Simon Kaleab

    George the PFDJ clone,

    Read and reflect starting from Abi’s post. I know your brain is paralysed, but keep trying.

  • Hameed Al-Arabi

    Hi Abi,

    Yes, you are absolutely right. You are 3000 years back to cognize the written material.

    Al-Arabi

  • Berhe Y

    Hi Abi,

    What do you think of Isayas and PFDJ?

    Berhe

  • Paulos

    ሰላም ገርግስ/ገርግሽ,

    Poodle to Pitbull is really funny. ማዓልተይ ብሳሓቕ ዝጀመርካለይ ከመስግነካ ይፈቱ። ኣይትሳኣን’ድኣ ንስኻስ!

    • Haile S.

      Morning Paul,
      Time to put a face on your avatar depending on your two states, Dr Poo and Mr Pit. 🙂 🙂 :-).

      • Paulos

        Hailat,

        That’s funny. Maybe the latter with a leash on.

  • Simon Kaleab

    Selam George,

    Are you talking to yourself?

    Clearly, what you wrote has nothing to do with my question to Abi.

  • Selam All,

    Does it really matter much which cat catches the fat rats, if it is a federal or a regional cat, as long as the rat is not at the same time the cat, and justice is finally done for the sake of the victims (the ethiopian people)? Unless the aim is to create a murky situation so that the truth is not known, and as the regional state represents the regional population and the federal state the nation, any economic crime or crimes of human rights abuses are under the microscope of every ethiopian and the institutions that represent them.

    These people will have their days in an open court, the right they themselves never granted their victims. A state-owned corporation created with public money that had under its umbrella textile factories, breweries, pulp and paper mills, etc, went bankrupt due to suspicious decisions of its head officials, the anti-corruption commission is gathering evidence and we will know the final outcome.

    The supposed culprits are powerful men, who can escape any time as many others have done, the reason they are detained while investigated, although it is said that there is already enough evidence for their detention. No man should be beyond and above the law.

    If the main problem is who is going to be next, for there are many more waiting in line, and their supporters are trying to block the way, it is too late. Whatever they say, nothing is going to change, and let us have the patience to see the gathered evidences and the final decision. Justice may be late, nevertheless, it always comes.

    • Hayat Adem

      Dear Horizon,
      You arw amazing. You are asking patience until evidence clears it. You are giving the benefit of the doubt to the government instead of the individual. You are declaring justice is served before anything happened at the court You are bragging tou have many more you plan to jail in the same way.
      Look, I am a person who admires and respects Bereket for his selfless service for his country. He made history. It requires some kind of high purpose and principle to struggle for the Amara cause while being a descendant of Eritreans. He is a hero by all standards. And yet, I don’t mind, if he is brought to a court for violating a law or committiing a specific crime.
      In your cat and rat analogy, you showed us something is wrong with your personality. You are thinking deep inside people like Bereket are rats. How dare you! What if the court decides he is innocent? What if the ones they are jailing him are more corrupt than him? Yared Tibebu once said he admired Bereket for his braveheartedness and cleanness. This is a testimony coming from an opponent.
      And yes, if you are talking about justice,, it matters who is jailing who; it matters who is jailing how. Who can understand as justice if the government is jailing BS without a case. In this case, they don’t have a case. Tiret is a public/private endowment. They can bring any issue of endowment to the court. The government can only charge BS on three grounds: if he abused his gov office; if he was corrupt while holding a gov position; or if he tried to obstruct justice. None of what has been reported so far falls into one of this.
      Advice: you can do Abiy and yourself a favor if you give him a critical support. Let not hate blind you from being fair.

      • Selam Hayat Adem,

        This individual, this giant of yours, who never gave the benefit of the doubt to others when he was among the invincible, you can even worship him as much as you like. But that is not going to save him from the court of law. Being an eritrean, as one of the spokespersons of tplf on this site, no wander you have the obligation to defend him and other tplf officials, and condemn his accusers. For me he is corrupt and criminal until proven otherwise, because he was one of the strong men of the tplf junta.

        You can heap on him any title you like, whatever, nevertheless, you will not find a single amhara who agrees with you. He was a mole in the amhara state government, and a tplf enabler, nothing more and nothing less. Nobody asked him to struggle for the amhara cause, as if 25m amharas are incompetent, and it must an eritrean by birth, as you are trying to tell us. I see no genuine commitment, but purposefulness.

        There is nothing wrong with my personality. You better worry about yours. You are the one who is losing all the accolades and respect for standing and fighting for a dictatorship in demise, while you presented yourself to us as a democrat, if you can remember.

        You seem to have the answer for everything. If the court condemns him, you will say it is biased and the judges are more corrupt than the defendant. What are you going to say, the giant is jailed by the dwarfs. Funny, times do change. Your problem is that because tplf jailed every ethiopian without a case, you are afraid that they will be paid in the same manner. No, change has come to ethiopia, even if it infuriates you. Nobody is going to be jailed without a reason. For the first time in 27 yrs, ethiopian jails are more or less empty. We will see what you will say when getachew asefa’s turn comes.

        Your friend is going to be judged for everything he has done within the ethiopian territory from the position of power. If you want to absolve him, find some other reason, for the people of ethiopia want to know everything about him. Leave it to the court of law, even if you do not like it because it is not a tplf court, if it ever existed as such.

  • Brhan

    Selam Deqi Adey….Belu nab Elal adna do kemelsekum

    Is the Eritrean Ministry of Education run from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia?
    Semere Rusom is the Ambassador in Ethiopia and he was assessing the education of Eritrea on 26/January/ 2019 as a minister of Education.
    So does it mean his deputy ( of Education and the ranks and flies of M of E) will call Addis Ababa for an educational matter of Eritrea.
    I hope this is not boring issue comparing to any news south of the border.
    Is this a symbol produced by PF(JD) test to Eritreans about their nationalism?

    • Haile S.

      Selam Brhan,

      Great great point. You have eagles eyes!
      – They likely forgot that he was nominated an Ambassador, and just realised he was still minister of education and decided እንታይ ኣለዎ፡ ሰሚናር ንሱ እንተዘይኮይኑ መን ክኽፈቶ። kind of ንዑ ገዛ ገዛ ንጻወት ናይ ቁልዕነትና.
      – Or he was symbolically nominated as ambassador to Ethiopia where, seeing the way the two governments work, there was no real need to begin with. Is the Ethiopian ambassador in Eritrea? And what does he do?
      – The third possibility, a real possibility is that this event reported today by shabait dot com happened before the minister presented his credentials to Eth’s President, and is just now reported by that site. You should know that Shabait, Hadas Ertra, Eritrea profile et al are ‘archives of very belated news (AVBN)’. They never report an event that took place under their nose in their own land before it makes the full round of the globe and sometimes twenty thousand leagues under the seas, the likely reason in this case.

    • Haile S.

      Selam Brhan and all,
      I am back on the subject you raised. I have news for you. Forget minister-ambassador pluriportfolio Semere Rusom, Eritrea got today a courageous Ambassadrice on facebook who speaks amharic in the way ethiopians understand, በሚገባቸው ቋኗ የምትናገር. Check meskerem dot net.

  • Abraham H.

    Selam Hope, “The double digit Ethiopian Economic growth was confirmed to be fake by the same Dr AAAA,(Check his address on the Economy and Education in Ethiopia),”. But we have also heard the same PM telling the world economic forum that Ethiopia’s economy has been consistently growing by above 9% for the last decade. There is no big difference between double digit growth and above 9% growth, so which one are we to believe?

  • said

    Greeting In Commemoration MLK
    Watch: Rev. William J. Barber II delivers soaring sermon in honor of Martin Luther King Jr
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1632&v=lHqS0wXFy4c

  • FishMilk

    Hi Abi. You are indeed correct in saying that most here are against rapproachment. The voracity of the extremists here to ridicule the peace agreement and to endlessly lambast PM Abiy has caused many to leave this forum. I really wonder if these same people even really care about their people who are in severe misfortune.

  • Hameed Al-Arabi

    Hi Abi,

    Just now I was watching an Ethiopian TV. I was very sad when I heard a guy speaking in a meeting specially convened to collect donation for the street settlers. The number of street settlers in Addis Ababa alone more than fifty thousands. I am sure they are hundreds of thousands, but he has to hide the real number of street settlers, for it makes one feel ashamed of himself. Let us keep it secret about the number of street settlers outside Addis Ababa. I think you are one of the friends of “የዙምባበ ዘንጀሮ” that is why you don’t feel ashamed. First, rectify yourself before you speak about the outside world. Does ignorance make a person blind to such an extent? It is really intolerable for a sane person.

    Al-Arabi

    • Abi

      Hello Brother Al Arabi
      You keep repeating the same stuff. I told you several times that Ethiopia is the poorest country. I don’t need to watch tv to know about the street settlers.

      The European Union is having hard time figuring out what to do with the street settlers. They seek the advice of the wise Ethiopian leader in curbing the ever increasing street settlements all over Europe. Abiy told the EU leaders to send all street settlers to Ethiopia with nice clothes. Now, we expect the number of street settlers to grow higher.
      See, we are welcoming everyone even as far as Europe.
      Brother, can you spare a dime?

      • Hameed Al-Arabi

        Hi Abi,

        It is nice that you acknowledge you are a citizen of the poorest country in the world. You are 3000 years back from the rest of the world. A person from such kind of medium should be polite and refrain from telling people, I am donating to the poor, our country is a civilized country, we are the first in Africa. There are also guys who dear to say they are first in the world. My friend , first feed and cover yourselves and forget about Eritrea and hear sea. Is Eritrea that has a sea only? There are several countries around you that have seas and oceans, such as Somali, Kenya and Djibouti. Why don’t you stuff your noses there? Aha! now I understood you don’t have remnants in those countries to assist you interfere in issues of those countries. Even Djibout which is smaller than Eritrea you don’t dare to look at her. You respect her as if she is Paris. But, you found the people of Eritrea kindhearted and well-established people. Our problem is the phonies not you. The insiders opened our doors widely to receive a shower of insults from you.

        Al-Arabi

  • Haile S.

    ኣባ ትልቁ፡
    ወንበዴዎች ከ’ስር እንዳስወጡ
    እርስዎም ወንበዴዎችን ምህረት ይስጡ

  • Hayat Adem

    Ras Abi,
    Long time no talk. I am so amazed by the level of suspension in disblief at will. Why would, your rasness, think Derg was too saint that it must have taken other actors to mislead it to act that barbaric against its own people?

    • Abi

      Hello Hayat Adem
      Long time no read.
      Derg was stupid and evil. TPLF has always been shroud and evil.
      😘

      • Hayat Adem

        Ras Abi,
        Exactly. Derg killed an entire intellectual generation every where as it wished. Derg washed the entire lands of Ethiopia and Eritrea with blood. Hawzien was just part of that. When Legesse massacred Hawzien, the Tplf and Eplf camps were over crowded with overflowing youngsters on a long line waiting to go to the training camps. This story of hawzien trying to shift crime accountability to Tplf was the worst and silliest spin I have ever heard. The Tigreans laugh out loud when they hear that. But people like you desperately or innocently repeat it all the time. It is the person who released the bombs and the man who ordered him that are only counted in this crime. The rest is: 1- it is a pure lie, 2- even if it was true, it is inconsequential. THE CRIME HAS ONLY ONE OWNER, period!

        • Teodros Alem

          Selam hayat a
          hayat, It is true the hawzen massacre was orchestrated by tplf evils on thier own people, derg was idiots and they just did the massacre orchestrated by evil woyanes.
          by the way, i heard Legesse is gondera, isn’t that a amazing.

          • Hayat Adem

            Teodros,
            Why is it amazing for Legesse to come from Gondar? What are you smoking now! Gondar is as good as any part of Ethiopia for anyone to hail from.
            What is your proof Tplf has a hand in the massacre other than Abraham Yayeh’s claim that almost fooled every foolish re’esi aqhat?

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam hayat a
            i said, i heard Legesse is gondera, even though he was derg and if he is gondera, i say what a dude.
            What proof do i have beside abraham yayeh claim? 1st i don’t even knew abraham yayeh claim but if u followed the pilots testimony in the court, u will know tplf was the one orchestrated the massacre and thier twisted behavior and the bomb they exploded by the name of olf in the middle of addis and everywhere and so on r my witness.

          • Hayat Adem

            Hi Teodros,
            Don’t be more simplistic than you are now. Your working logic is: if you hear something, if it 8s on Tplf or Tigray, if it is negative, then it must be true.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam hayat a
            Simplistic, which one is simplistic, the one proven by the wikileaks, the bombing of addis ? Or my own judgment from the court room or the proven right, asmara-keren road? Or u want me to bring a video evidence?
            Ok, what is ur proof tplf didn’t orchestrated the hawzen killing?

          • Hayat Adem

            Teddy, Teddy… look… If I want to explain, I have to dig deep. And then, I have this question: do you really deserve my time? You would if you are curious enough. Unfortunately, you are not. Everyone esle know about he Hawzien incidence except you. Ras Abi knows it but he hates TPLF and any mud on them is welcome as far his rasness is concerned. Since you are so simplistically inaccurate on your facts and the logic, I will try that way to be simply straight on the facts and sensible on the logic. But since you are so twisted and hating emotion wise, I am not going to do anything on that except to leave you on your own.
            1) How do I know TPLF has nothing to do with this? Tplf was not flying those jets, TPLF was not commanding those jets. This far clear? Good.
            2) Wikileaks. Okay, if what was reported on wikileaks about bombing addis was true, it is true for the addis incident.
            3) wikileaks reported that D/Ambassador Hudleston got a feed that the Addis bomb incident might have been the work of the Ethiopian intelligence. She didn’t say she confirmed that for a fact. She reported what she was informed by another speculator. That speculator was never an eye witness or an insider for that matter. Of all the funniest things, the speculator later turned out to be none other than Merara Gudina. Are you following? Yah.. so much about the wikileaks leak.
            4) have no clue about your mention of the court room or what you wanted to say about the Keren Asmara. So, I will leave those until you made it clear.
            5) People thought TPLF might have done after Mr. Yayeh spoke. Mr. Yayeh’s explanation was because TPLF wanted the Tigray people to get angry on DERG. That is not true, because the TIgray people were extremely angry against DERG since 1984. TPLF was out of accommodation camps for the youth that was coming to be trained armed.
            6) Mr. Yayeh other explanation was there were a lot of fighters in Hawzien on the eve of that fateful day and moved them out in the darkness to decieve Derg. For whatever this was worth in relation to the claim, this one was false as well. There were Tplf tegadelti in the area for weeks up to and immediately after the bombardment.
            7) Mr Yayeh’s other explanation to implicate Tplf was that there were high quality professional footages of the bombardment from three different cameras? His claim is that for three cameras to be there at the same time, there must have been a preexisting knowledge of the market massacre, hence the preparation to document it. This one too is false, because there has never been a real time footage of the actual bombing of Hawzien.
            8) (I should be thankful to someone for the following info)..Derg had always been bombing cities in Tigray and Eritrea, and even in Wollo at later time. Derg has bombarded AbiAdi 5 times. One was during a market time like Hawzien and it was very bad and barbaric that about 200 people were murdered and many more hundreds were maimed. A town named by Chila or Yechila was bombed from air 97 times during the 17 years. Samre was bombed more than ten times. Mersa and Kobbo (in Wollo) were bombed. So Derg didn’t need a stimulator to hit.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam ms hayat a
            The problem with u is , u r here just to defend the indefensible tplf by any possible means.
            anyways the bombing of addis and other places by tplf (pretending olf) was not just one incident, they did it several times.
            if u see the “day time hayena” documentary prepared by ebc, fana and walta, u will see the similarities of their trick and how low and cruel they r .
            i mean tplf will do anything to stay relevant, they deported morethan 80 thousand eritrean(brothers in armed struggle and brothers by language and culture) just because they didn’t like the color of their eyes,
            their genocide style propaganda (tigrai online, tplf facebookers, aiga).
            I can say a lot of things but u here just for one purpose.
            Ok, what r the woyanes doing inside the market, together with the people at the time of the hawzen bombing? u think they were shopping?

      • Simon Kaleab

        Selam Abi,

        You meant to say Shrewd?

        Derg – stupid & evil

        TPLF – shrewd & evil

        Haile Selassie?

  • Paulos

    Abinism,

    You say, it was deliberately done by TPLF wembediewoch to put the blame on Legesse Asfaw and his posse’ at the expense of the people of Hawzien.

    And I say, the Wembediewoch kicked his sorry azz though, all the way to Qaliti prison and to Zimbabwe as well. When what you said and I said are emotionally charged Kindergarten tantrums, how about if we act like adults in the room and find ways so that, that kind of atrocities never happen again. History is written so that posterity can glean a lasting lesson from it. Don’t you agree Abinism?

  • Haile S.

    Selam Awatistas,
    One of the founding members of the Dergue (ደርግ) Col. Legesse Asfaw passed away the last few days. He is one of the junta members that I will always remember for two reasons: he was a sergeant (ኣስር ኣለቃ), probably one of the lowest ranks to join, and judging just by facial appearance, the youngest member. In my youths brain at that time, I wondered what a young and lower rank guy has to do among those people. As time goes he was revealed to be one of top and key players among the members.

    • Hayat Adem

      Hi Haile S.,
      And this was the guy who was infamously known for bombing a local town called Hawzien in broad daylight in a market day killing thousands in a couple of hours, right?

      • Haile S.

        Selam Hayat,
        You are right. I also recall TPLF sympathizers in the 1989/90 fuming over his appointment to administer Tigray. I wonder how come a person who was charged for such a crime be pardoned along those who were ‘going with the flow’ at a time where the ethiopian judiciary system was under an Eprdf under full control of TPLF. And know, wouldn’t it be double standard to reproach PMAA for allowing ethiopians to return home from their exile of longer time that that person was imprisoned for.

    • Simon Kaleab

      Legesse Asfaw was mentally retarded.

      His best credential was being a drinking [areke] buddy of Mengistu in Jijjiga in the old days.

      • Haile S.

        Selamat Simon,
        I heard this story. Katikala (ካቲካላ) precisely. Let me be devils advocate. Mengistu graduated in 1966, presumably (መቶ ኣለቃ). How did he end up as a major passing by captain in less than 8 years drinking Katikala? Was the pace of promotion that fast in Ethiopia at that time.

        • Simon Kaleab

          Selam Haile S.,

          I am not sure about his progress in the ranks. But, I know he was at first stationed in Harar under General Haile Baykedagn. During the weekends, he used to come to Dire Dawa for heavy boozing session. Late on Sunday afternoons, there was a chap who used to give him a lift in his car back to Harar. The chap got fed up with Mengistu and one day he told him to get lost. But, Mengistu managed to go back to Harar on tine by jumping at the back of truck going in that diirection. He was street wise [durye, wero bela, Iyale shuk].

          I think General Haile Baykedagn was tired of Mengistu;’s drinking antics, bad behaviour and insubordination. So, he transferred him to Jijjiga as weapons store keeper [gimja bet or wardiya]. I susppect it is here he met aserr aleka Legesse asfaw. A bar owner [komarit] had reported the all-night, areke infused, smoke filled card game weekend sessions of Mengistu’sgroup.

          By the way, Mengistu wasted no time to get his old nemesis General Haile Baykedagn shot by firing squad during the early days of the Derg.

          • Paulos

            Selam Simon,

            I remember reading Paul Henze’s book, “Layers Of Time: A History Of Ethiopia.” Arguably, one of the best if not the best book out there on the history of Ethiopia, where the author walks the reader through not only his personal encounter with Mengistu but profiles Mengistu up close including the times of his formative years.

            It has been almost 20 years since I read the book and if my memory serves me right, Mengistu attended the Holeta [the not so prestigious] not Harar military academy which was elite and prestigious. On a side note, it debunks the fallacy if Mengistu hailed from aristocratic lineage where if he was, he would’ve attended Harar military academy instead.

          • Haile S.

            Paul,
            Agree on Holeta.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Paulos and Simon,

            I read somewhere General Andom was his mentor and when he was assigned to 3rd division in Harer and he took him with him.

            But I heard the interview B. General Kasaye and he says Mengstu Chewa new and how disciplined he was.

            Berhe

          • Paulos

            Selam Berhe,

            Hard to say his mentor but of course his superior and according to Professor Berekhet Habteselassie’s first historical novel, “Riding The Whirlwind: An Ethiopian Story Of Love And Revolution,” General Aman didn’t think much of Mengistu and the rest of the junta including when they started to conspire against him that had led to his untimely demise.

            What is so strange is that, most of the still alive former members of the Dergue including Fisseha Desta and Fiqreselassie Wegderess have gone soft on Mengistu [I think they are still scared of him] as they praise him in their respective memoirs. The guy you mentioned may not be any different for the same reason.

  • Hayat Adem

    Dear friends,
    I came late to the recent events in Ethiopia.
    I have been reading Bereket’s latest book in Amharic. It was tough to crack it though for me. I love reading Amharic books but I am slow Amharic reader. I recommend the book for those of you who are serious and curious. It is a no nonsense book on political economic events (national and regional). It is my beleif, this guy is a refined ideologue of the region. We don’t have many in Eritrea among the leadership, who can lead, read and write at the same time. If we have one, it is guys like Birhane Abrehe who unashamedly declares, “Tigreans are our permanent enemies; Ethiopians our always a thorn on the side for us”.
    ——–
    I wonder if any of you in the know can help me get informed as to what charges were brought against Bereket Simon and his friend thus far. I am just curious on the nature of his crime. Someone told me, it has to do with a suspicion of his involvement in embezzling money from TRET (a public foundation in the Amara Kilil). If that is what they have against him, I am of the view the government has no case. TRET as I am told is a share-based mega company. If there was any foul in the foundation of which Bereket and his friend were part of the management and the board, the government (the regional or the federal) can not initiate a case. The only legal body that can advance a charge on them for embezzlement or other crimes is the company itself. And that can only be done under the civil code (not the criminal code). It only becomes criminal if the defendant tries to preempt or undermine the process. But, from the start, the government and its judicial organs have to see the case from a neutral ground and cannot be on the side of the foundation and act against the accused. That is, of course, if the charges are merely related to the financial embezzlements as reported to me.
    You are all invited to reflect; Ethiopians here and those of you familiar in the legality world are encouraged to shed a light on the matter. It would be great if opinions come refrained from political and emotional opinions.

    • Paulos

      Hayata,

      Ethiopia is certainly at its lowest point where the Federal structure is undermined by people who advance their personal interests over the rule of law. One of the victims of the rising vindictiveness is Berekhet Simon. He is the last of the giants and he is being hunted by the dwarfs.

      I haven’t read his book but I have heard great deal about it. I don’t know much about how the legal system works but one is inclined to believe that the charges hurled at him could as well be trumped up given the highly politically charged circumstances whirling around.

      Some people In fact suspect if Isaias is deep into the conspiracy to have Berekhet locked up in prison for a reason laced in grudges Isaias has had for the last twenty years against most of the notable people with in the TPLF in particular where it is so hard to see Berekhet in isolation from the real ideologues of the Front.

      • Hayat Adem

        Dear Paulos,
        The giants being hunted by the dwarfs! That is really cruel irony! There was a wise man, (Aboy Kassa?) a resident of Meqele or Adigrat. This man has said a lot of jokes during the Derg. One political joke by him on Derg is below:

        Aboy Kassa enters a bar and was joing friends.
        A. Kassa: Have you heard the recent decision from the Derg?
        Audience: No, we haven’t. What is it?
        A.K: Derg declared that those who have two necks, one will be beheaded.
        Audience: No one has two necks. So, no worries.
        A.K.: No, we should worry because they count after the cutting.

        Ethiopia seems to have been going that path again. Locking its best and brightest; sleeping cahoot with worst despot and dictator of our region, its export economy nose diving (38% compared to last year); jobs elusive;security and peace shakey…pretending as if things are normal; Ah.. how things can go wrong fast for a country that was rising and rising!

        • Paulos

          Hayata,

          Sad but funny. Thanks for sharing the joke.

          The other day, a friend of mine sent me a video link where Meles in 2012 [Economic Forum—in Addis] gives answers to a series of questions from the host including the audience where he brilliantly dissects the economic theories behind the idea of Developmental State and why liberalisation of the major sectors in Ethiopia including Telecommunication, Hydro and the major financial centers is a bad news for Ethiopia and for most of the African nations as well.

          The policy he designed helped Ethiopia not only to get off the ground but bury the stigma of poverty and famine for good as well. But now, they have a clueless and shallow guy where the economy is not only hurting but he is unable to keep the nation together as well.

    • Brhan

      Hi Hayat,
      Thanks for your input .
      For me I believe that if a person is taken to a court and that person has a lawyer, then let the judge give the verdict at the end. My question will be is the justice system in Ethiopia free, fare and independent?
      Also if we politicize the matter that is taken to a court, the result will be bad not only to the person taken to the court but also to the system itself.

    • Teodros Alem

      Selam hayat a
      1, bereket is charged of stealing money from “tret” , the amara anti-corruption agency(an institution that fight corruption) is the one accused him.
      2, we now know for sure tigrai can’t get extra benefits from ethiopia any more, they have to live according to the constitution, by thier own means, they can’t be parasite any more, what am saying is don’t worry about ethiopia, she will take care of herself, worry about tigrai future.

      • Hayat Adem

        Teodros
        If BS is charged only in connection to Tiret, there is now the government has to charge with crimes. It is only Tiret that can do that. The federal government can only charge him if he found him embezzling federal money or abusing federal office/power.
        I don’t want to dignify the rest of your points and address them unless I wear gloves. Vulgarity begins when imagination succumbs to the explicit.

        • Teodros Alem

          selam
          hayat a
          1,anti-corruption agency is in charge of fighting corruption and bering corrupted group or individual to justice.
          2, bereket is charged in connection to tret as of now.
          3, bereket lead tret donated 50 million birr and bereket lead tret decided percentage of dashen beer profit (from tigrai market) to be used to the construction of mekele stadium,
          4, which one of it u disagree or not true?

          • Hayat Adem

            Teodros,
            Tiret is a foundation, lets call it a corporate for now. It is not govermental in the federal or kilil. If If the management of Tiret gives 50 million to Tigray or to Gerd, then it is not upto the the government to flag red. If Tiret abuses the law of the land like evading taxes yes the board officials might be held accountable. But if Tiret or the board officials mismanage their resource, it is Tiret share holders that become the plaintiffs not the government. Now, if you can’t understand this and add value to the discussion, shut up and wait for others to comment.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam hayat a
            how about this, tret the company(the foundation or corporation) belongs to amara state government accused bereket for abusing ,stealing, mismanaging the corporation through anti-corruption agency(institution created to deal with corruption).

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Hayat,

          You don’t Know “Federal money” spent for any project in “Tigray state” is crime? How a smart lady miss that? Any Federal money spent to the Tigray kilil is always questionable? Suppose if the money spent for the stadium was appropriated for the same project, to the other states, say in the Oromia, you wouldn’t see all this witch-hunt to the Oromia officials. By the way how much Federal money was spent in the South, where most of the projects were located there? Just think about it.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam aman h
            Ur ignorance and dumbness is amazing, how can u say something with confidence for the thing u have no any clue about it. I mean, u don’t even know how the ethiopia federal gov and state gov function.
            1, tigrai stidum is a tigrai kilil project, nothing to do with the federal gov.
            2, tret is nothing to do with the federal gov.

    • saay7

      Selamat Hayat:

      It’s the weekend so you will get some links:)

      I have been following the case of Bereket Simon (former Chairman of Tiret) and Tadesse Kassa “Tinkishu” (former CEO of Tiret) ever since the Debre Markos* incident when a mob went crazy on RUMORS that Bereket Simon was in town.

      Like you, I have been arguing that the government has no standing to bring a case about alleged embezzlement of a private endowment. The counter argument goes something like this: The former ANDM (I forgot its new name) owns TIRET. And the people own ANDM. Ipso facto, stealing from TIRET is stealing from the people.

      Was it really necessary to “perp-walk” (handcuff and show on camera) Bereket Simon and Tadesse Kassa? Did they ignore a warrant for their arrest issued by Bahir Dar? I don’t know but my guess is that appeasing the mob (the bad guys are arrested!) was more important than trying, establishing guilt, and sentencing. (In my blog, I have a picture of the two which was taken from the judges bench. The judge or his assistants took the pic which, I am sure, is against the law.)

      A few months ago, Amhara Mass Media Association had a long interview with Simon and an ANDM official where Bereket Simon was saying I gave them audited financials which show I didn’t embezzle money and the ANDM official said, “nope, he didn’t.” It is worth your time to listen to if you have an hour to kill. The interviewer, to his credit, did an excellent job.

      https://youtu.be/XyO-HyMAqAo

      saay

      *Debre Markos was the base of STAR, the non-EPRDF answer to EFFORT, TIRET, etc which the Meles Zenawi government destroyed and arrested its officials. So I am sure there is some karma involved here. And, my blog also reported a few months ago that our own Red Sea Trading Corporation is in…. Debre Markos.

      • Teodros Alem

        Selam Saay7
        If u r talking about star business groups, yes they r from debre markos but based in addis and they used to be the 2nd biggest company next to midroc ethiopia(al amoudi) untill meles(eprdf) destroyed them.
        and i don’t know if it’s red sea trading or not but a month or 2 month ago i heard eritreans owned company started agro-manufacturing business in debre markos area .

        • saay7

          Teodros:

          Yeah, that’s the one: Star Business Group.

          Red Sea Trading Corp (“09”) is in Debre Markos. They will have a honeymoon period until the two giants (Red Sea Trading and Tiret) fight it out over some monopoly.

          saay

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam Saay7
            I hope and think they will have a big space to operate and get along .
            I was wondering how the eritrea company start operational so fast, within a short period of time, r they for sure pfdj’s red sea trading?

          • saay7

            Teodros:

            It is Red Sea Trading Corp. I expected them in some border town in Western or Southern Ethiopia (they are smuggling, contraband experts) and when I learned they are smack in the middle of Debre Markos, I developed a theory. Its only a theory and I will refrain from saying more for now so stop asking me questions. Just go on battling Hayat:)

            saay

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Saay,

            Red Sea Corp (09) known as “STAR” in Ethiopia was in Debre Markos, is a new scoop to our political feeds. Was this during the honeymoons of the two organization in early 90s?

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam aman h
            what r u talking about? Star business group is a family( 4 or 5 brothers) owned business corporation, and the one that started agro-manufacturing business(red sea corp or not) two month ago is another thing.

          • saay7

            Hey Emma:

            Ummm. You misunderstood my post:)

            Let’s retrace and go back on our time machine to the early 1990s. The EPLF’s Ghedli era “09” told us its official name was Red Sea Trading corp and it kept secret-court condemning its bosses for “corruption” until it gave us Hagos Kisha (the former ambassador to the US.) The TPLF had its EFFORT and Tigray Rehabilitation etc and they used to tell us to give them money to develop and rehabilitate Tigray. Back then EPLF and TPLF were bosom buddies and shared the fundraising. Just like the TPLF created all the satellites for the Amhara and Debub franchises, they created their own EFFORT and the one for Amhara was called TIRET.

            NOW, outside this whole EPLF/EPRDF franchise, independent of all of them, came the Star Business Group. These were talented businesspersons who terrified Meles and he (a) forced them to break up the conglomerate and (b) arrested them all. When Abiy came to power, they were released. And they are in Debre Marcos reconstituting their broken up business.

            Meanwhile, for reasons I only have a theory for right now, when Red Sea Trading Corp was given permission to open an office, it didn’t open it in the Ethiopia-Sudan or Ethiopia-Kenya border but in the heart of Amhara–smack in the middle of Addis and Bahr Dar–in Debre Marcos. Right now, I can only say hmmmm:)) When I have more than a theory, I will share.

            Clearer now?

            saay

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Saay,

            Thank you for the clarification and elaboration of the issue, that now you made it available for the uptake of our politics. By the way you are the “way back machine” without the way back machine for our resources. Thank you again.

      • Hayat Adem

        Hi Saay,
        All helpful. Will go through the links as well. Thanks.

    • Kaddis

      Dear Hayat –

      Saay responded very well. Just to add a line – Bereket was the most repressive element of the media space, also the opposition.
      Bereket was board chair and it shows his arrest is only political when board heads of METEC are walking free. On legality – the only thing to add is – the Ethiopian anti corruption commission has no more the right to persecute but to study and refer cases to the prosecutor office. Its surprising to see the Amhara region anti corruption bureau presented as a prosecutor. Maybe they didn’t endorse the decision yet. Like saay said – making this much fuss about a private company mishandling shows – our legal system has a long way to go.

      • Berhe Y

        Dear Kaddis and Saay,

        You said “Like saay said – making this much fuss about a private company mishandling shows – our legal system has a long way to go.”.

        Well I don’t think it’s the problem with Ethiopian legal system but it’s the introduction of IA/PFDJ legal system to Ethiopia.

        If this is Eritrea, this is perfectly legal because it’s only the state (Isayas) who has the power to do what ever he wants.

        Sadly in Eritrea when the PFDJ was accusing the G-15 for all kinds of crimes without presenting any evidence or giving the right to defend themselves, the public (the most majority ) was saying “The government would not detain them if they haven’t done something. The must have done something”, it’s upside down “guilty until proven innocent”. When few of us criticised that they called us all kinds of name, weyane was the most famous.

        Now I see some Ethiopian failing into that same trap that we went through and anyone who criticize Abiy and his government is being labeled as weyane.

        Eritreans have learned so much now, at least not to trust the government, which is the blessing. Even now the fight is among it’s hardcore supporters, and the division has already started.

        Berhe

        • Kaddis

          Dear Berhe –

          You are absolutely right. The dubious praise for Abiy and label everything against Woyane is pushed also by the political opposition, until Woyane is safely sidelined and until they feel ready to compete Abiy…its a cheap strategy. Isiaias is also a bad mix in all this but hope the rapid changes in the horn, gulf region and firm Tigray maybe limiting his ability.

          When I say the legal system is not there yet – its from the point of view we have a new, fairly independent president of the supreme court. But she is not in a position to make a comment or intervene in political decisions which violate the legal system.

      • Hayat Adem

        Hi Kaddis,
        Thanks a lot. I was looking for this kind of helpful feeds. Much appreciation!

  • Hameed Al-Arabi

    Hi Abi,

    What you brag about that you have done for us is not from your pocket. It is from donors pocket. You have nothing to be proud about.

    Let me tell you this: I am sure you would never have cared about a poor and without sea Eritrea. You wouldn’t have opened your mouths widely and rolled your eyes towards her. Is your charity, as you claim and surly fake, only towards Eritrea? Why don’t we see it in other places like Somali and S.Sudan? I didn’t hear even by mistake that you donate to poor countries. My friend, don’t try to appear with what you don’t own. You are a very poor country and without donations we will see a massive hunger and death like in Wolo. Ethiopia without donation will be changed to moving skeletons. Pray donations not to stop from you and refrain from being rude and impolite. You have to learn that a cadger should always be polite.

    Al-Arabi

  • Berhe Y

    Hi Hope,

    Like I said I am not opposing to any development. The press conference and meetings of the leaders are simply for public consumption and diplomatic spin.
    If he has said or mentioned Eritrea and it’s leader can’t make it for what ever excuse but this is the agreement we reached among three countries etc would have make a lot more sense etc., etc., it’s common curtesy.

    And if the PM has good advisors they will think about this kinda if things.

    It’s just common curtesy and respect.

    Other than that, everything is already finished behind the door before it gets to the leaders…

    Berhe

  • Haile S.

    Selam Hope,

    If I continue to confirm or deny you will figure out. Let me just say, I am a jack of all and a master of none other than my job-speciality that I enjoy everyday. Lets keep the curiosity on each other alive. One of the beauties of Awate is this aspect where we know each other only by name or by nick. For whatever reason, Hope, I see as MD from the start.

  • Paulos

    Selam Ayneta,

    There is a political capital that Isaias seems to glean since the change that has been taking place in Ethiopia. The language is shifting so much so that, Eritrea under Isaias is perceived as relatively stable in comparison to Abiy’s Ethiopia where violence and eruption of violence is becoming too common for the people to find it shocking anymore. As such, one can make the argument that, political reform can be too precarious for Eritrea as the country next door is made a guinea pig to that effect [Not necessarily my position].

    That is, the demand that is gathering momentum with in the spectrum including the moderate supporters of the regime if I could borrow your word is that, not total removal of Isaias from power but specific demands as in border demarcation, release political prisoners, implementation of the Constitution and convening the otherwise defunct Assembly. More over, the political focus is shifted to blaming Abiy instead as he is scrutinized everything he says related to Eritrea. One wonders, if we have accorded Isaias the legitimacy to rule provided he compliments us with the demands cited on the above.

  • Hameed Al-Arabi

    Hi Awates,

    By now, the real picture of Dr. Meddamar has become crystal-clear. His actual entity has been exposed to all, except to those who negate the physical existence of evidence on the ground. Of course, those who depend on his preaches may be distracted and left in illusion for some time. Exploring his indubitable being requires fixing all of his activities on the ground. This could pave way to trace his actual identity and authentic picture. The outcome without aggrandizing his actions is contrary to his lectures. A peace and love preacher guy builds naval force in alien seas and Republican Guard. A man who proclaims publicly liberalism and democracy participates in dubious border occasions, convenes secret pacts with a notorious criminal, endeavors hard to change Ethiopia from Ethnic Federation to Regional Federation, and in any local or international occasion spews some of his putrid plans that he incubates.

    Dr. Meddamar lectures his diplomats around the world about neutralism, warns them from taking sides and entering into wars. Contrarily, he intends to compete with super-powers and with the haven by establishing naval force. He launches Republican Guard to protect himself and strike with brute force those who defer with him in opinion. All his actions indicate that he is busy at present to achieve contrary to what he sermonizes. Not only this, the border opening occasions have a lot to divulge about his identity.
    Any normal person could take all the proceedings of border-opening ceremony at Zallembessa as normal occasion. Observing Eritreans cross the border towards Ethiopia in hundreds to where celebration takes place could be regarded as normal. The disarmed Eritrean Defense Forces crossing border in long rows which clearly violates sovereignty and at the same time intolerable scene, but one could consent and take it as normal due to the peace occasion.

    The second occasion, UmHajar-Humera border-opening, reversed the spontaneous to unspontaneous. Almost all scenarios that occurred in Zalembessa reiterated in this event literally and figuratively. The opening of Zalembessa was on a religious occasion, the same occurred in UmHajar –Humera border reopen. Despite the location of celebration was on the Eritrean side, however Eritreans crossed the border towards Ethiopia on a scene that gives the impression of repentance and surrender to Ethiopia.
    Here, we should stop a bit and question: Why do Dr. Meddamar and Isaias choose religious occasions to open both borders? Secondly, why do they plan Eritreans only to cross the border towards Ethiopia? Isaias’s treacheries are understood from onset by all Eritreans. Religion was his main tool to recruit supporters and accomplish his mission of dictatorship. In reality “Anen Alamai” and for public consumption “Nihnan Alamanan” is an evidence.

    The new phenomenon that surprises many is that of Dr. Meddamar who has chosen to participate in religious occasions to celebrate borders re-open and the plan has made Eritreans to cross the border towards Ethiopia. They have chosen religious occasions for political events which indicate an intentionally taken decision by both of them. Could we call this Dr. Meddamar “Nihnan Alamanan” to rally supporters from Ethiopia in his Crusades-War. This spectacle puts Dr. Meddamar in a complete harmony with Isaias. He has proven that he is far from democracy, liberalism and justice that he preaches day in and day out to beguile the Horn peoples. Furthermore, we should not forget his hypocrite nature. In the first place, he accepted border demarcation without pre-condition, but in Asmara he jumped from his promise and declared border is crossed by love, that means, no border demarcation. Dr. Meddamar and Isaias, both of them belong to freemasons and Zionists. I strongly warn all Ethiopians, specially Muslims to take care from this serpent who is chosen carefully by his maters to play a dirty role in Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa.

    In his meeting with his diplomats around the world, Dr. Meddamar presented his program. One of the issues that sounds worry him most is the issue of ONE COUNTRY TWO STATES. He insinuated to that issue by means of naval force, our ports and attempted to conceal that by craming Djibouti (We remember in Gonder they harnessed Somali president who later faced betrayal impeachment from his parliament. Dr Meddamar has switched from that date on to employ Djibouti) without success. Djibouti corresponds with the Horn of Africa not one country and two states. If the issue was about the Horn countries, he should have said one leader for entire Horn or each country with its leader. In fact, he was not speaking about Djibouti or the Horn, but he was speaking about the federation of Eritrea with Ethiopia. The question that bother both of them is how to present their federation locally and internationally, a federation that is applicable where apologizers and propagators get a bite in it. I think, we have watched how he hinted his plan to his hosts in his visit to Europe lately.

    I think, Dr. Meddamar and his friend are obsessed about how to mold their federation and annex Eritrea to Ethiopia. Certainly, one country and two states will not be applicable for Eritrea is a small country and Ethiopia a big one (Similar problem faced Haile Selase), then what is the solution? It appears both friends agreed to reform the Ethiopian constitution. Although ethnic and regional federation are the same, but they intend to shift Ethiopia from ethnic federation to regional federation to solve their problem. The present ethnic federation will create the problem of the ethnic they will choose for Eritrea. Are they going to choose Tigrinia? This will not be proper for Tigrinia is the language spoken in Tigray, then the best solution is regional federation if they succeed to hush some voices in Tigray. At present, Dr. Meddamar is busy in reforming the constitution and dividing Ethiopia into regions. Haile Selase made Eritrea the 14th province of Ethiopia, and Dr. Meddamar intends to make it the first regional state in Ethiopia. Of course, he will begin counting from top to down.

    The moment all arrangements are accomplished the secret agreement will come out to light in another religious occasion where they will declare the Federation or confederation of Eritrea with Ethiopia under Regional Federation. Dr. Meddamar contemplates to swallow the impossible that will suffocate him to death like his predecessors, Haile Selase and Mingstu. Isaias’s novice is ignorant about the people of Eritrea’s character and their defiance spirit.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mu1Jzk7TUZk
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B6Dmi89dhsM
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WCL-4ZjH2LM
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yvJC_z46kOE
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=De5d6l-92R4

    Al-Arabi

    • Mez

      Good day Hameed A,

      1) Interesting observations.

      2) i would think pmaaa have several political limitations to do–what you sayd he may do (in regards to Eritrea),
      2.1) he have no political support base to reconfigure the ethio-eritrea relation; for him–and any political strategist for that matter–trying to dismantle eritrean statehood will bring NO gain/advantage at all. That will be expensive in thousands of ways. The reward is almost zero.

      3) Eritrea should be warry of:
      3.1) itself (or its own internal power evolution or revolution dynamics),
      3.2) the intent and investment of the regional powers. For example, uae and ksa do follow divergent policies on yemen and Somalia,
      2.3) for uae, if those in #3.2 get disintegrated there seems no problem. Just note their tacit support to south yemen, somaliland, and puntland,
      3.3) Currently in these three nonofficial countries, the uae is doong well over a billion usd INVESTMENT, primarily on air and sea port facilities,
      3.4) if pia & co are not adhering to a cooperation principle (especially with the long term capital opening of them) he may end up being a mortal enemy,
      3.5) the seemingly outdated slogan of “self reliance-cry” is starting to look more and more unbearable; very soon it is going to be a most counter productive and damaging idea for pia government.

      A lot of things are changing fast around the county. Eritrea seems to be froozen since the year 2000 or so. No one seems cared about that; now no more. If you add to this the Qatar/Turky intentions, then it will be more crazy.

      Thanks

      • Nitricc

        A lot of things are changing fast around the county. Eritrea seems to be froozen since the year 2000 or so. No one seems cared about that; now no more. If you add to this the Qatar/Turky intentions, then it will be more crazy.

        Hi Mez; i agree; Eritrea needs new set of leaders to encounter with changing Ethiopia. The current Eritrean government is no going to do the job. The sooner the better.

    • Selam Al-Arabi,

      You said “Dr. Meddamar and Isaias, both of them belong to freemasons and Zionists. I strongly warn all Ethiopians, specially Muslims to take care from this serpent who is chosen carefully by his maters [masters] to play a dirty role in Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa.

      Do not spew your religious poison on ethiopians. Eritreans too should tell you the same thing, because what you do today on ethiopia, you will do it on eritrea tomorrow. Religion, zionists, freemasons, the 3000 yrs history, ethiopian christians and muslims are not the issue here.

      You are saying why should things coincided with religious holidays. If it is about the geez new year, it is not a religious holiday, the other i do not remember. Even then there is nothing wrong about it if it is a religious holiday. It is a problem only for the fanatics who look for a needle in a haystack.

      Fortunately, our muslims are not extremists and fanatics. They are MODERATE muslim, if you fail to understand. While there are the very few who burn churches, there are also the majority of muslims who build churches and young muslims are cleaning ‘jan meda’ with their christian brothers and sisters for the christian holiday of “timket”. This is the true face of the two main religions in ethiopia, the world is envious about, you too, it seems, but for the opposite and sinister reason. Therefore, hands off from ethiopian muslims.

      The person who rules ethiopia goes by the name “Ahmed”, the son of an ethiopian muslim, whatever his personal religion happens to be today. Ethiopians care about the person and not his religion. For you it is the other way around, especially if an apostate from his father’s religion. You know very well what should happen to such people.

      You are in the spoilers camp, among those who do not want to see peace, rapprochement, and progress for the two people. It is about the land, always the land, and never about the people. You have succeeded driving the people out of their land. They are telling you with their actions, you can have all the land, badme and borders included, simply leave us alone to go and live freely as human beings wherever possible, even in the land of your enemy, where the people are hungry. We may be hungry, but we will be free, with the possibility to work and improve our lives. They are telling you they are fed up of the never-ending sacrifice. They are leaving it behind for you, but you will never take it yourself.

      History is working against people like you, but you never get it.

      • Hameed Al-Arabi

        Hi Horizon,

        It good you have said, “Do not spew your religious poison on ethiopians.”

        In Arabic we have an adage that says, “He has beaten me and cried, overtaken me and complained”.

        I want to remind you in case you have forgotten or inform you if you are ignorant about the source of the poison. The manufacturer of the poison you have mentioned is Ethiopia, it is made in Ethiopia. The guy who exported it to Eritrea through his agents is Haile Selase. Really, you have nothing to export to your neighbors except poisons and diseases. The only politics you are expert at is divide and rule. All your attempts of divide and rule is very old, rotten, and exposed to all. My friend, your commodity is an expired one with no customer to purchase.

        Al-Arabi

  • Haile S.

    Selamat Ayneta,

    I agree totally with you. My hope for change of mind was just a wishful thinking. Your 5th point was exactly what I started to scribble answering to Hope’s question to me yesterday. The exact words that I started scribbling is as follows “Taking notice of the fait-accompli of the several months, the choice and solution of the Eritrea educated residing outside the country is confrontation and persuasion, or collaboration. I am not for the collaboration at all as this is outright legitimization of everything wrong the regime does.”
    I am loosing concentration putting it together, but that was the center of my thought answering Hope.
    Thanks

    • Senay Zer

      Dear Haile — Reading your comments, I’ve a feeling you’re looking for different ways to fight PIA’s government. I’d like to add my 2 cents, actually this isn’t my idea, but made of things I’ve picked up from family, friends, social media etc. The central thesis, while PIA is the source of our problems, the solution (and especially the sustainable solution) isn’t *there*. Time permitting I’ll expand on this, but for today, let me give an example that illustrates the thesis (credit is due to my good friend for this example). Much kerfuffle is made by some highlanders about the fact that the government of PIA doesn’t strictly enforce national service ‘laws’ on females from lowlands. Some even give this as evidence that the highlanders are harmed more than lowlanders by the policies of PIA – I wasn’t in that group, but honestly I didn’t know how to process it until my friend stepped in. Anyway, clearly, pettiness is the not the appropriate response to the issue. So, what is the appropriate response? The first thing those of us from highland should’ve done is to congratulate our lowland brothers and sisters for standing up to the government of PIA. It isn’t out of charity that the government backed off. They managed to force the hands of the brutal, unhinged government and and they deserve nothing but huge congratulations. The next thing to do is to ask ‘how the heck did they do it?’. And the answer to that question is why the solution to our problems shouldn’t be non-stop focus on PIA in the sense that the ruthless government of PIA was forced to retreat not because of ‘something’ in its nature, but rather because there was *something* in the lowlanders culture/religion that the government wouldn’t dared fight. I am certain there are so many *somethings* in societies across Eritrea that we should RE-discover and made them pillars of our struggle.

      • Haile S.

        Selamat Senay Zer & Simon Kaleab,

        Apologies for lumping my answer to both,
        Senay Zer, I hope you don’t mind if I call you ዘርኢ-ሰናይ. Very interesting and positively provocative. I am in numb and lethargic state to gather and develop my thought on that aspect, but yes that is what I am trying to. I will come back on it. For now I am on the past history.

        Simon, on Mengistu and his colleague: If I was sent to Jijiga, I would have done that and chaat 🙂 :-). In the mid 80s, with colleagues we were sent to Harar-Diredawa area for indoctrination (ንቃት) and we had to visit ካራማራ & historical Co including Jijiga. We spent 2 nights there. It was boring. There was nothing other than the bars, and girls(sorry). That time was when AIDS was in everyones thought, but no one was still dying or known to have died. The rumors or acts of the government to fight it by taking measures against the girls in the capital was rampant. As the result, many of them run to the towns and as far as Jujiga, there were many of them. By telling these stories I want to tell the absurd measured Mengustu’s gov was taking at that time. The only positive thing I saw was the contrebande where you can buy many things unavailable in Addis. The other weird measure at that time was: Men from the middle east were coming Addis in large numbers for ‘night tourism’. It was a real problem where students were lured into such businesses. The measures that the gov took was obliging hotel owners to ask for your ring and if you are married. If not you are not allowed. But in practice you just give extra money and no one will refuse you. That is what every guy with a girl friend did as far as I know.

  • Paulos

    Selam My Good People,

    ዓሶ፣ ጣንጡ፣ ገለ ቑሩብ፣ ናይ ታሪኽ ዛዕባታት!

    ትማሊ ንዘረባ ዘረባ የምጽኦ ከምዝባሃል እቲ ዕላል ኣብ ደምበ ዓዋተ ብናይ ኣያይ ሓዳሽ ቢድዮ ዝተጀመረ ሃይላት ነታ ዕላል ብዛዕባ ዓሶን ጠንቁን ኣምጺኡ የዐሚሩዋ፣ ኣነ’ኻኣ እምብኣር ገለ ሓውሲ ታሪኽን ገለ ሳይንስ ፈይ ከብለላ ኢለ ንሎሚ ተማባጺዐ ኔረ።

    Well, it is not fun to talk about one of the challenges in the area of Medicine where to the very least, not only vaccination for Malaria has proven to be elusive but it is killing people in thousands every year particularly in Africa.

    Certainly, Malaria is a parasitic disease where if Geography matters at all, Protozoan parasite is mainly confined to Africa as in Malaria, for instance, and Bacterial parasite as in Tuberculosis where it started out in colder climates as in Europe in particular.

    What is even strange is the fact that, it is not clear on how to define a parasite in the first place so much so that not only it carries a negative connetation, it invokes ethical conundrum where a human fetus lives in the uterus as a parasite for more or less nine months, for instance.

    To get back to geography and the impact of migration and the spread of infectious diseases through conquest, one can “appreciate” the pivotal role the mosquito played as a vector and in defining history as well.

    The impact of the Mosquito, however, was more pronounced in the spread of Yellow fever and Malaria during the construction of the Panama canal and the Suez canal where it took the lives of hundreds of workers mostly Europeans who had come to work from Europe.

    For instance, In a continuation to Monroe’s “Manifest Destiny”, at the turn of the 20th Century, Theodore Roosevelt saw the construction of the Panama canal not only as an economic necessity to connect the Pacific and the Atlantic but as historians put it, the indispensable path to global destiny as well. As determined and ambitious as he was, he was never deterred by the Malaria affliction where the project was deteriorated.

    In the meantime, a couple of decades earlier to the construction of the Panama canal, a British colonial Physician named Ronald Ross had figured out the main cause of Malaria and was not [Bad Air—Mala’-Aria] but through blood sucking Mosquitos. He further identified the parasite that causes the deadly infection. The question or part of the riddle is that, why does the Plasmodium–as the Protozoa is called–infects the Red Blood cells in particular, why not the other blood cells as in the White Blood cells or the Platelets?

    Well, it turned out, the Parasite seemed to have mastered Sun Tzu’s “The Art Of War” where it’s strategic “thinking” out smarts the human immune system. In brief, one’s a person is bitten by the parasite carrying Mosquito, the immature parasite travels to the liver with in half an hour so much so that, the immune system doesn’t have enough time to attack it. Once with in the liver cells, the infected liver cells would fight it off with scant resources but what they do is, they would bring some parts of the parasite to their surface so that the immune system recognize the tagged fragment as an antigen and make millions of antibodies specific to the antigen. But what the smart parasite does is, it would break off the infected liver cells and hides with in the Red Blood cells. Again, why the Red Blood cells?

    The Red Blood cells are not cells in a strict sense for they lack nucleus or DNA and they don’t have the necessary machinary for metabolism either to make enery or dump waste products as other normal cells do. As such, the Red Blood cells are not capable of fighting the parasites and can not bring them up on their surface as a flag or a mark to notify the immune system as the infected liver cells do. More over, the Red Blood cells have something the parasite need for food–Hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a protein with iron metal at the center whose sole function is to contain the otherwise highly reactive oxygen as they bring it from the lungs to the rest of the body. The parasite chops off the hemoglobin and not only gets the necessary energy from it but it helps the parasite to multiply to thousands before it moves to other healthy Red Blood cells for the same purpose. What is even remarkable is that, as much as the iron metal inside the hemoglobin molecule is toxic to the parasite, the parasites find away on how to chop off the molecule without being touched by the metal iron.

    • Hayat Adem

      Greetings Paul,
      It seems the options we have now, until science comes with soemthing else, are either to sit down with the parasite and negotiate or destroy the missile (mosquito) on air before it delivers the weapon (malaria). I have always thought how it became so difficult to come up with a vaccine or cure or both. Now I know. Thank you for this unique contribution.
      To give it a bit of a spin on how malaria is tough;
      Do you want to see a proof how malaria is elusive, potent and conquering? I have one. We found it tough to penetrate to the Isayas inner circle although we have known him, despised him and suffered a lot with him in power for long. We wanted him to go but we couldn’t force him out. The malaria did it and made it to his inner brain long ago. Maybe, time to make a deal with malaria to finish him for us.

      • Paulos

        Hayata,

        Glad you like it. You should see me laughing. Was it actually malaria that almost made Isaias cross over? Sometimes you wonder if it was a cooked up story for a reason only known to him. Perhaps, the arc of the moral universe has something in store for us far better than the mosquito where he is destined to face people’s justice.

        • Hayat Adem

          Hi again Paul,
          “… destined to face people’s justice.” Much better!, bigger!

    • Nitricc

      Hey P: good read. I always wondered why mesquite doesn’t transfer HIV virus from one human to the other. If a person can be elected by the same nedil why not mesquites. I mean does this mean mesquites hold the key for HIV problem? After all what mesquites do is transfer blood from sick to healthy one. I would think.

      • Paulos

        Nitrikay,

        Great thinking and brilliant question. First of, as you know mosquito is a vector meaning that, it is just a messenger [it doesn’t get affected by the parasite] where the Plasmodium is a single celled parasite, where-as a virus like the HIV on the other hand doesn’t need a vector and it is not a cell, a virus is just a “thing” not even an animal or a plant or a yeast or a type of fungus for that matter. It is just either a piece of DNA or RNA. More over, the reason a parasite like the Plasmodium needs a vector is that, it’s life cycle is eventful in the sense that, it changes from one form to another.

        • Nitricc

          Hey P: thanks for the info. Few years back there was a genom project in the case western university. The project was to map up the entir gens of Mesquite, in doing so to extract the gene that carries the malaria parasit. I don’t know what happen to that project. But I observed something it read if you are seakelcell anemic; you can’t be infected by malaria. I thought that was interesting. I didn’t looked in to it but I wonder how that happens. Thanks P.

          • Paulos

            Nitrikay,

            Not sure about the project you mentioned but the reason sickle cell anemia patients do not get infected with Malaria is that, as the name suggests, the Red Blood cells in people with sikcle cell, the cells are deformed as in they look look like a sickle, as such the parasite can not fit into the cell. It gets squeezed if you will.

    • Haile S.

      Hi Paul,
      Beautiful vulgarization of medical knowledge. Just few tgings I wanted to add.
      1 First, it is good that you said (Malaria “mainly” confined to Africa as in Malarial). Mainly for its health and economic impact, but malaria infection is wide spread and there more cases in Asia than Africa because the sheer number of population concentration.
      2 Second, one of the 5 species of pladmodium that cause malaria in man, P. knowlesi comes from macaques monkeys (the only zoonotic malaria) is endemic to south east asia. It is a growing concern of emerging diseases in that continent.
      3 one of the reasons why vaccine research for protozoa diseases, particularly malaria, has been difficult is the ‘absence’ of animal model of the disease. P. knowlesi has given this opportunity since its discovery.
      4 one of the reasons why Abyssinian people build their villages on hill and mountain tops is to avoid the rivers where they knew the disease comes from, later discovered to be the transmitting vector.
      5 an additional answer to Nitriccc, microorganisms don’t survive long in their UNnatural hosts, especially labile viruses such as HIV, but one can argue that if the mosquito bites a healthy person immediately after biting an HIV porter and if it takes in an infected lymphocye from and deposits passively that same lymphocyte to the former, it could potentially transmit the disease, but that is a lot of ifs!
      6 just for fun but very serious. The challenge of airport health authorities is to monitor infected mosquitos coming in the planes from endemic countries. There are reported cases.

      • Paulos

        Selam Hailat,

        Great points. I agree. I have a bit different understanding about the lack of vaccine. Will try to comment on it later on. Again, thank you!

    • Saleh Johar

      Thanks Paulos,
      This is an elaborate lesson. Thank you. Now tell me what you think of a cure I received in a village in Eritrea when I had a serious malaria infection.

      I came to Bab Gengeren health and slept for the night.. When I woke up the next morning, I had high fever. I was shivering with cold and at the same time sweating. The cure was “Cholesterol concentrate”:-) I had to drink a up of butter for fur days blocking my nose. I thought I was better and left the village to join my team. But on the way, I stopped with a friend Were’e at Jardin Michallazo. I know the people who worked there and I used to pick any fruit and eat whenever I passed by. I peeled an orange and ate it and continued my way to Wazintet where my friends were. At night I woke up to running stomach and went to a distant place and squatted near some grave mounds. In a minute I fainted on my mess, later I discovered the orange was sprayed with fresh pesticide and I was poisoned. It’s along story but what do you think about the butter drinking cure?

      • Paulos

        Selam Ayay,

        First, glad you got better! Not sure about the butter drinking cure.

        There was this giant guy in the sciences including in social activism with two Nobel Prizes to his credit, one for his contribution to Chemistry and the other one was for his activism to ban nuclear weapons—I am sure you have heard of him. His name was Linus Pauling.

        What made him notable in the history of the sciences was not the fact that he won Nobel Prize but when he adamantly argued about the cure of practically every disease including the common flu and pretty much all forms of cancer by using Vitamin C. Him and his wife kept popping-in Vitamin C tablets everyday till an old age where he died at the age of 94. He died of Prostate cancer nonetheless.

        Point being, he was absolutely convinced about the magical power of Vitamin C as in fruits among others so much so that he had a fall out with his colleagues as they refused to accept his findings. He was later fired from Stanford.

        In the late 90s however, his reputation surfaced when antioxidants got more traction as Vitamin C is one. Perhaps, the orange you had may have made the difference and helped you get better.

        • Amanuel

          Hi Dr Paulos
          Speaking of Vitamin C and immunue system. Are there some people will never catch malaria? Is it myth or I read it somewhere? I for example never had malaria. I lived in the most malaria infected regions of Eritrea, Tesenay, Ruba Barka and Sawa to mention. I have mixed and slept with infected friends. I didn’t take the malaria tablets ( as they were making me vomit). However, I was having flue once or twice a year. I understand flue is caused by Virus but I am providing you with a hint that my immune system was not that strong considering the lack of proprer nutrition.

          • Paulos

            Selam Aman,

            I have heard of cases where people are naturally immune to Malaria but not sure how they are naturally able fend off the parasite. In any case, you are very lucky.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Dr Paulos,

      Recently, recombinant vaccine for malaria from P. Falciparum circumeporozoiti protein was developed by Galaxo-Smith Kline pharmaceuticsal co. around 2015. However, due to low efficacy, the pharmaceutical company is in Africa as of 2018, for further study. So in my view, as a matter of fact, the vaccine for malaria is not elusive as you allude in your intro of your comment. Rather, the company is hopeful to upgrade its efficacy from the ongoing study. There is nothing unconquerable disease in the medicinal chemistry, it is only a matter of time.

      • Paulos

        Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

        I agree. As you put it, It is a matter of time but the challenge is daunting including to the brightest minds where the very nature of either the virus or the parasite is the crux of the matter.

        Let me illustrate: For instance, coming up with a vaccine for HIV-AIDS has been arguably the most challenging endeavour for researchers with in the medical community since the last decade of the last century. There is a reason for it. As you know, the logic behind a vaccine is the same like a key and lock mechanism where in this case the key is the vaccine and the lock is the virus. The question is however, what if the lock as in the virus changes its shape the next hour when you thought you found the key that would fit into it? That is precisely the challenge with HIV for it is an RNA virus.

        RNA as you know is a nucleotide whereby it replicates itself using an RNA polymerase as an enzyme and what is so unique about this particular enzyme is that, it’s fidelity is so low that it makes so many mistakes [sort of a mutation] as it replicates the RNA—RNA is highly unstable. That means, the next generation RNA is a lot different than the parent RNA. In other words, when you have the key as in a vaccine for the parent RNA, the vaccine can not work for the progeny RNA as it has already changed its shape.

        If the HIV virus was a DNA, it would have been a completely ball game for DNA has high fidelity as it is highly stable and all generations are pretty much stable where a vaccine could work across the generation. That was precisely the reason that, scientists were able to effectively eradicate Smallpox for it was a DNA virus.

        My understanding about the difficulty in finding an effective vaccine for Malaria runs along those lines where the protein-coat of the Plasmodium changes its configuration in every generation and becomes hard to find a specific vaccine that would neutralize the parasite in its entirety.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Dr Paulos,

          I think you sound you are working with a researching company for medicinal chemistry. Your detail exemplary argument gives me enough indication about your possible professional assignment. So go ahead and run the course.

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam George?

    ወያኔ ከም ጋኔን አብ ርእስኻ ሰፊሮም ጥዑይ ከይትሓስብን ጥዑይ ከይትዛረብን ገይሮምኻ:: ከም ሕማም ከርበ ገሪፍናን አላፋሊፍናን ካብ አእምሮኻ ከየውጻእናዮም ከአ: ካብ ቀጻሊ ውግእ ምስ አሕዋትካ አየዕርፋኻን እዮም:: ከመይ ትርእዮ ነዚ ርእይቶ,ዚ?

  • Paulos

    Selam My Good People,

    It looks like, the only time the guy Abiy doesn’t shoot in his feet is when he reloads his gun. In a new video, and yet again, he says, ኤርትራ በተመለሰችበት ጊዜ when he was supposed to say, right after the Federation was abrogated. As ቀሺ ደሞዝ would say it, ኣይበዝሐን’ዶ!

    • Ayneta

      Paulos, my dear friend:
      Why is it a surprise if Abby said what he said? He is doing his home work right. He is hell bent to further his country’s interests. Everything he does is intentional, no ‘slip of the tongue” or shooting in the foot. He is trying the waters and so far the waters are cool and collected. A better, more relevant question is: why are we ( Eritreans) not surprised, if not enraged, by the naked admission of the regime to let Abby ride the waters as he pleases?

      • Selam Ayenta,

        Let us say that dia/pfdj do not care much about the way things are done, but in the final result, which they can accept or dump, according to the final outcome. Let’s say that the regime has chosen the way of “cooperation” and the opposition the way of “confrontation”. The first may bring a win-win situation and the later a zero-sum-game or stagnation.

        Eritreans back home are completely fed up to continue such a life, and they are ready for a change, as long as they extricate themselves from this quagmire of economic and social stagnation over the last two decades.

        Can the regime bring political change today as it is when it knows that every eritrean is angry with them, and they want the head of regime officials on a platter? Do you think that the regime is not aware that even the so-called “silent majority” is pissed with them?

        What will be different if the economy starts to move forward, people start to work, earn a living, feel free, move around, etc? Will that make the people forward looking, forgetful of their predicaments (remember, people have short memory), and the old guards start to ease their grip before they are crushed by old age and a nasty revolt. If the regime feels that people will have a different feeling towards them, if they can show in the short term an economy that has started to function, don’t you think that the regime may start a change by inviting new blood into the government, maybe not from the opposition, a new generation of leaders any way, so that they will not find themselves in prison like tplf officials?

        I believe that in eritrea’s case there will be no political change without economic change for the better first, at least at this stage, otherwise, political change could have happened a long time ago, with the existing economic and social stagnation up to now. With no economic and political change in eritrea, the next day may bring, “the king is dead, long live the king”. No change at all. On the contrary, in Venezuela economic meltdown is going to bring political change. In eritrea, economic jump-start may do the trick. Exactly the opposite. Looks weird, but not really crazy.

        • Hameed Al-Arabi

          Hi Horizon,

          I have recognized that all your debate revolves around the stomach. You are very occupied by your stomach. My friend the issue with Eritreans is different. The mindset of Eritreans are totally different from that of yours; therefore, do not take Eritreans in your shoes. In Eritrea they call a person so much taken by his stomach MABTOON, that is, a person who gapes his mouth and rolls his eyes when he sees a food.

          I am sorry to say that you think the Eritrean mindset as that of yours that nurtures on donations, that always accustomed to look on the hands of alms givers. You think the moment Eritreans are full stomach will forget everything including sovereignty, pride and history. You are mistaken my friend, filling stomach is the last thing Eritreans think about. They have many adage that proves to what I go to so far. For instance in Tigrinia they say, ” ከብድኻ ሓምሊ ምልኣያ ዝባንካ ወዲ ኣቦኻ ኣይተርኢያ”, that means: Conceal your stomach by filling it with vegetables and wear elegantly among your peers. This implicitly shows that Eritreans are people with pride and self-respect. They care more about their glory, pride and history. It is an insult in Eritrea to be taken by your stomach. (Remember: People with short memory are those who are completely occupied by their stomach).

          My friend, change comes not through the stomach, but it comes through deep faith in principles and rights. Eritreans have fought Ethiopia for more than thirty years with empty stomach. Please, reserve from your MABATEEN discourse, for this may work where you are, but not in Eritrea.

          Lastly, you augur Eritreans with an economic boon coming from the south. Our mothers say when they hear senseless news from incapable very poor person, “ያዊ ረሮይ”, Alas! My friend, first feed your people who have governments with the history of 3000 years of donation request campaigns; reference, your PM last visit to Europe.

          Al-Arabi

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hameed,

            “ያዊ ረሮይ” is it Tigrigna or Tigre ? And what does it mean?

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Ustaz Amanuel Hidrat,

            It is Tigre and it means Alas or Woe is me!

            Al-Arabi

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hameed,

            የቀንየለይ ሓምዳት ተማሂረ::

          • Selam Al-Arabi,

            You are completely detached from the eritrean reality. The world is full of fake nationalists/patriots, who do not add an iota to relieve the people from their predicaments, but are ready to load them with more burden. That is characteristic of insensitive elites, who do not see beyond their own stomach and their personal interest, their ego, and their fake nationalism/patriotism.

            Asking for more and more sacrifice from others, at no cost to themselves and their families, is the modus operandi of fake nationalist/patriotic elites. For people like you all you owe your people is lip service, talking about their greatness, exceptionalism, glory, pride, history and all the rest which they cannot take to the grocery, the electricity company or send their children to school, etc. How do you see greatness in their poverty? Are you talking about yourself or about the next world? What we see are people who are saying “anywhere else but here”. Are you blind to the reality?

            This children of a lesser god, like the ones back in eritrea have to pay the price so that people like you with full stomach, belching from overfeeding are telling them about nationalism, patriotism, exceptionalism and all the other myths. They are telling them it is a pride to go hungry, while themselves are talking about dieting and gymnasiums, and all about good health saloons. They tell them to send their children to bed or school with an empty stomach, live without electricity, health care and all the rest you are enjoying in the west, and on top of these you are asking them for more sacrifice. No wonder they are running away from the regime and their supporter and the inbetweens.

            Wake up and smell the coffee. Why don’t you go back and live in the same situation people are living in eritrean villages, spend some months not years in the trenches, live separated from your family, etc, etc. You tell us that the economy is not important, it is equivalent to living for one’s stomach, while you work day and night to acquire what life in the west can give you and your family, and you are worried about your economic situation day and night, because you are afraid you will miss the comforts.

            For the ordinary eritreans, it is about survival and it is not about luxury. Be in their shoes just for some time and not for two decades to feel their predicaments. Be sure you will be the first to flee the land. Spare as your patriotism, your higher morality and all the rest that cost you nothing. It is nauseating to the ordinary eritrean, when they hear what people like you are saying, sitting in your comfort zone in the west.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Horizon,

            I think you forget the human nature. We are Eritreans, we are humans like the rest of the world. You see when there is no food and water, our priorities will be food and water. When we get that, we will need something else, clothing and shoes. When we get that we need something else, shelter, and freedom to move, right, speak etc…

            If food was the only thing people need, then Ethiopians (because of Dabo) they will be worshipping Melles as some who use todo. But they said we want jobs, we want freedom, we want to choose our own governments etc.

            But people like you, who are with full stomach now worry about day and night of the money that stolen?

            What’s the difference when we ask the same. Sure food is important but regardless what you call “elite” said or nit they will demand the rest of their needs like all humans.

            And the role of “elite” is to inform the public what’s right and wrong and not sleep and see the other way or worse cheer injustice.

            Berhe

          • Selam Berhe Y.,

            The issue was about the economy. It is others who made it an issue of the stomach. If the economy which encompasses within it every aspect of the well being of a society/nation, from bread to anything imaginable, is not important, then i have nothing to say. If nationalism/patriotism/history/pride/identity, etc are the stumbling block for a country, and they are not used when really necessary, then they are part of the problem and not the solution.

            How much trust do you have in the elites, and how much of what they say is the truth for you? You better see them with the same eye you see politicians. They are not to be trusted blindly.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Horizon,

            I think my general comments towards you is sometimes, you make it black and white. There is no grey area and I think it seems to me that you want people to keep quite. For example, I honestly don’t believe any of our people (Ethiopians / Eritreans) can be considered “Elite”. If we such people, we would see them around the world with great success and glory and making it to the world who is who list. People like me and you for the most part, we have a job we feed our family and mind our own business are for the most part a typical middle class of the society. What ever elite that we call, the political elite are there by the barrel of the gun and no body handed them the authority to do so (including the current PM at least until he is elected by the people freely and fairly).

            Criticizing these leaders and speaking out should be the right thing to do. It does not mean that we are asking others to die on our behalf and on our benefit. The most majority of us, have nothing to do with benefits or advantage but the fact that we have the connection and we see to what’s happening to our people is what drives us to speak out (those who can) and to write those who are able to, and be activists those that can manage it. It’s the combination of all things that would drive change.

            We don’t have to look further than Ethiopia to witness that. The activists inside the country, the opposition abroad, the media the politicians within etc that made it possible.

            Ok the rail road between Massawa and Addis May good for both countries, but what’s wrong to ask when we know nothing about it and we have to hear it from our neighbour leader.

            For example, Djibouti has a lot more dependency on its survival and well being from Ethiopia than Eritrea does. But none of the past and current leaders of Ethiopia have bothered it in how to deal its business. As a free country it’s crowding the Red Sea with all those supper powers which is a huge danger to the region and particularly for Ethiopia.

            Berhe

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Hi Horizon,

            If we hear your discourse from a guy from a rich country, people may roll their eyes. To hear such lectures from a guy from the poorest and uncivilized country in the world will bring disgust to the hearer. Eritreans have an experience with your rotten systems. You have nothing to give to Eritreans. You just want to rob Eritrea from its resources. MY friend, first feed, cloth your desperate people, before you speak about the wretchedness of others.

            Al-Arabi

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Al-Arabi,

            I just want to let you know that your arguments make a lot of sense and you make us Eritreans proud.

            I am not the person to be happy on others misery but the press conference the PM gave with Italian PM, I was not impressed. For a couple of items:

            1) He talked about Italy funding the feasibility study of Massawa – Addis railroad. ERITREAN leader or representative was not there press conference. A total diplomatic blunder and totally wrong. Just imagine if this was the opposite. For example, Egypt president is having this press conference with Italian PM and saying, Italy will pay for feasibility study to build a dam in the Nile without the Ethiopian PM presence.

            2) He offered his thanks for Italy because it is building bread matching machine to help feed the University students because there is shortage.

            Are you series, all these development this 10% growth that, and Ethiopia can’t afford to import a bread making machine that can serve thousands people? We are not talking about inventing but importing ? Aren’t there enough Ethiopian engineers who can research and import such machine and learn to operate it?

            Sure it’s nuce to say thank you but seriesly at that high level this is all they can talk about?

            Berhe

          • Paulos

            ሰላም በርሂኖ,

            ካልእ ኣይኮነን ኣይምሰልካ እዚ ኣብይ ዝባሃል ሰብ እዚ ኹሉ ሃተፍተፍ ዘብሎ ዘሎ ንዕቐት እዩ! ግን ዓሻ’ኾይኑ’ምበር ብግዜ ንጉስ ብዓል ንሱ እንታይ ይባሃሉ ከምዝነበሩ ኩላህና ንፈልጥ ኢና።

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            ዶ/ር ጳውሎስ,

            ማንቲለስ ዘሊላ ዘሊላ ናብ ምድራ ይብሉ ኣቦታትና:: ናይዚ ሰብዚ ኸአ ካብኡ ኣይሓልፍን እዩ:: አነ ከም ግምተይ እዚ ሰብዚ ካብ ስብከት ሰላም ናብ ስብከት ውግእ ክሳጋገር ግዜ ዝወስደሉ አይመስለንም:: እዚ ኹሉ ዝትምበሆ ዘሎ ከም “ወደባትና: ሓደ ኤምባሲ: ሓደ ሰራዊት” ወዘተረፈ ሓሳባት: እንተ ብሰላም እንተውን ብጎነጽ ከምውሳኔ ክጓዓዝዎ ሰለዝኾኑ: ነቲ ብሓርበኛታት ኤርትራውያን ዝገጥሞም እምቢታ ውዒሉ ሓዲሩ ብጎነጽ ክገጥምዎ እዮም:: አነ ከም ተገንዝቦይ እቲ ናይ ሰላም ጭርሕኡ ንውሽጢ ሃገሩ ዘተኮረ ንሓድነት ህዝቡ ዝዓለመ ስለዝኾነ: ንኹሎም ናይ ውሽጥን ደገን ዘለው ጸረ ነጻነት ሃገርናን ጸረ ሓድነት ህዝብናን ጠራኒፋ ዝመጸሉ ግዝያት ሩሑቅ አይኮነን:: እዚ ሓሓሊፍና ካብ ጥሮታ ዝወጹ ጅነራላት ንሰምዖ ዘለና ናይ ቀይሕ ባሕሪ አፍደገ ባህርያዊ መሰልና’ዩ: ክውን ንምግባር ከአ ክንዋደቀሉ ኢና እንዳተባህለ ዝዝረብ ዘሎ: ምስቲ ናይ አብይ “ወደባትና” ኢሉ ዝዛረበሉ ዘሎ ብምንም ስለ ዘይፋላለ ኤርትራውያን “ጎራሕትን ለባማትን” ኮይና ነቲ ዝመጸና ዘሎ ብድሆ ብኣግኡ ተጠርኒፍና ክንዳለወሉ ከምዘለና ከተሓሳስብ እፈቱ:: እቲ ቁሩብ ዘተሓሳስበኒ እቲ ኒሕ ናይ ቃልሲ መንፈስ ህዝብና ደኺሙ ይረኣየኒ ምህላው እዩ::

          • Paulos

            Selam Professor A. Hidrat,

            Your prescient warning is spot on and I hope እዝኒ ዘለዎ ክሰምዕ!

            In a rather interesting way, Abiy’s nonchalant but tactless remarks are bringing Eritreans—regime supporters and opponents alike together where it is a blessing in disguise to say the least. If it is any indication, Eritrean sovereignty which was brought about with blood and sweat is off limits where no amount of rosy talk can tamper with. He should be told in no uncertain terms.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Brother Berhe Y,

            Thank you very much for encouraging me to fight with what we own at the present, and the rest will follow certainly. To make our voice heard the most important at the present. We should not forget that words are much stronger than weapons; therefore, we should utilize this weapon to the maximum. Words could ignite a war or stop it. Some people say ዘረባ ጥራይ, but they are definitely mistaken. I request them to change such an attitude and make us hear their voices. The voices of Eritreans at this turning point is very decisive. No space for silent majority at the present. Protection of our sovereignty is the responsibility of all. Every voice will bring a difference.

            Al-Arabi

          • Simon Kaleab

            Selam Hameed,

            You said: “the issue with Eritreans is different. The mindset of Eritreans are totally different from that of yours.”

            How do you know? Is your assertion based on anecdotes or scientific surveys?

    • Teodros Alem

      Selam paulos
      weather eritrea returned after colonization to ethiopia by force or not, it doesn’t matter , eritrea is an independent country now, it is just history.
      but here is the truth, the federation was a compromise deal between those who wanted independent eritrea and those who wanted a total unity with ethiopa, that right there tell u, there was people that support a total unity with ethiopa from the beginning.
      anyways, i don’t know why u surprise, r u saying eritrea(or part of eritrea) was not part of ethiopia(abbissnia) before italia colonization?

  • Haile S.

    Hi Abi,
    I just saw you response. Awate is slow today. I even didn’t receive an email notice.

    ልቅሶ ለሓማሴን ለኤርትራ ኣልጣመ
    ይሻላል መዝፈን ኣንቺ ነሽ ህመሜ

    https://youtu.be/6i4QX1Dlw_w

  • Saleh Johar

    Testing.

    • FishMilk

      5 by 5

  • FishMilk

    Hi All. Aliens from Alpha Centauri, carrying large bags of Chilli Cheese Fritos, have landed on Dahlak Kebir, to facilitate Eritrean federation processes. In the meantime, Melez Zenawi (who never died), is now in Djibouti meeting Mohamed Farrah Aidid (who never died) to facilitate eastern corridor federation formalities. On Monday, at Cinema Audio, Billy Ocean and the Spice Girls will be performing live with special opening act by Gordon Lightfoot. The event will be attended by President Isaias and woshima Azeb Mesfin.

    • FishMilk

      Hi All. Aliens from Alpha Centauri, after having completed federation formalities for Dahlak Kabir and having arranged to hang a picture of PM Abiy as the island’s new leader, are now moving by boat to Massawa. They will tonight be partying down at the rooftop of Bar Torino, drinking Baro Gin with blended shrimp and sea salt. Music will be provided by the Dixie Chicks and Bruno Mars. Hassan Al-Turabi (he never died) is now at the Hipton Hotel in Kassala, assisting with federation formalities for eastern Sudan. The band Al Balabil will be providing music for night moves. Cold Camel beer from Khartoum will be flowing on draft.