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The Vision Of Hawassa Isn’t An Echo Of The Past

Eritreans from diverse political background converged from five continents to Addis – a transit to Hawassa, the capital city of the Southern Kelil (federal state) – and yes the designated site of our congress. According to Wikipedia, the Southern federal state has 45 indigenous ethnic groups [nations, nationalities, peoples (ahzab)] living in harmony. The town is 4 hours drive from Addis, and is located at the center of the agricultural area on the bank of the Hawassa Lake, which is a growing tourist resort.

Indeed, my voice choked up and my eyes welled with tears as I recounted the exchange of diverse Eritreans who came to convene their historical congress. I have witnessed Eritreans of all cultures greeting each other both with love and real sense of purpose, trying not to sink beneath their anguish. Vividly, it was a feeling that wipes the slate clean for the upcoming new engagement. This was the first time I ever saw a large gathering of its kind. Now and for generations, Hawassa will be remembered and will have its place in the annals of Eritrean history, where our citizens of goodwill have assembled to conduct their congress for a democratic change. The past decade was sour-faced and postulant, tragic and trying, but here we are, one week into the new decade of our struggle, a sober (well balanced) beginning and a hope to the oppressed Eritrean people.

For me, I foresaw the journey for multiple purposes (a) to represent my constituents and work with the participants of the congress to transform the current struggle (b) to make a first hand study to the issue of Afar and Kunama movements and separate myself from the role of the distant arm-chair-judge (c) to evaluate the policy of the Ethiopian government on issues of peaceful co-existence, mutual respect, and peace and stability of the region. The journey opened the process of truth seeking, at least for myself if not for the entire participants of the national congress.

To begin with, the national congress has ensured noticeably (a) the continuation of the healing process that has started at the national conference in 2010 (b) the formulation of new political supra-structure and infra-structure that allows the transformation of the opposition camp, including both EDA and civic organizations (c) the creation of a space for the transformation of the political organizations – a transformation that includes the process of merging and internal restructuring to parties. The process of healing and trust building is in it self a long process that demands a continued engagement. It is a building process that clears way to a national reconciliation. In short there is no healing without trust building and vise versa.

Despite all the shortcomings and the political glitches that happened in the process, the national congress was a resounding success that ushered in hope and challenges. Hope, because it opens new season and new spirit of broader engagement. Challenges because (a) it calls for a united resistance against the regime in which we utterly failed to make it happen in the last decade (b) It carries the right spices of fear to stimulate new thinking without lapsing into those old habits.

Awareness becomes the first step to make a change and we start out with the best intentions to think and speak positive thoughts without being stuck into old patterns of negativity.  Some choose negativity because it is familiar to them and feel safe in doing that. However, subtly representing the power of being positive and taking the option not to participate in negativity, we found a way to influence the situation in positive direction.  In any case, I give full credit to the commission who bore the heavy responsibilities that have been entrusted on them, to promote the struggle to this level of coordination and structural transformation.

 Now there is a structural change; with that we expect the transformation of the organizations in the process to ensure that the visions of today are not the echoes of the past. The “National Assembly” assumed the leadership as “The People’s Power” with its executive body to implement the provisions in the “Roadmap” and the “Charter” that has passed and approved at the National Congress.

The chairman of the executive body and the Speaker of the house will oversee the overall task of the mission both diplomatically and politically and examine the functions of regional sub-committee with their advisors. The task will be assigned to regional sub-committee and will be coordinated by the executive body.

Poking the Eyes of Skeptics

A lot has been said against the Kunama and Afar movement as well as to the policy of Ethiopian government; and in fact all are unfounded accusations and subjective perceptional judgments. In my view, good politicians are not content to rely on their perceptions, rather if they have perceptions, they are eager to test them by exposing those perceptions with rigorous engagement to discuss the descriptive and normative limits of their perceptions, based on logic and context with their counterpart. Unfortunately too many of our politicians have no objective judgments that is based on facts and first hand source of information. Often times, they don’t have discipline of questioning when they have encountered with political statements. Instead, they rush to scoff and disprove before they understand the whole context of the statement and its meaning.

The political principle of “self-determination up to secession” in the political document of Afar and Kunama movement is exploited by those who believe on “centralize unitary government.” The principle of self-determination up to secession is not only applicable to nations who are capable to administer politically and economically themselves, but also it serves “as antidote to any unbridled desire of controlling the fate of the minorities.” Having in mind the understanding of the aforementioned concept, I was determined to know first hand from the advocators of the principle of self-determination up to secession. I believe “secession” and “ethnic-based federation” have no validity in the socio-political reality of Eritrea while I believe on equitable rights to our minorities. With this believe, I met the leaders of these two organizations separately to know the realistically convertible rights to solve their grievances.

Interestingly enough, I found their demand is limited to “political and administrative rule” with the fiscal governmental budget comes from the center. In other words they are advocating for decentralized governance that allows them to have regional autonomy. I further asked them on how power should be devolved in their view? Generally, they don’t have issue on the old administrative-units (provinces). Therefore they agreed that the political-administrative power could be devolved from the center to the periphery taking the provinces as units of administrative-rule. Such administrative rule will allow them to freely worship their own religion and observe their own cultural traditions on the one hand and elect their own local leaders as part of their political exercise on the other. Hence, Eritrean provinces will be an integral layer of the nation’s governmental system – “provinces as level of government” and are defined by their geographical boundaries and particular power of administrative-rule. The central government will have exclusive jurisdiction in areas of public policy that includes foreign affairs, national defense, criminal and civil law, health, social service, trade and communications.

On the issue of how they will be represented to the central government, they hinted to advocate for bicameral legislative, one by “equal representation” and the other by “proportional representations.” I found their arguments are not contrarian to the principles that hold Eritrean identity and integrity. Now the skeptics must make their own first hand study before they make unnecessary blunders that affect the process of trust building. What is skeptic by the way?

Skepticism is the questioning attitudes towards facts and statements or some degree of doubts regarding claims. Despite the fact that the Ethiopian government has stated its intention unequivocally on policy of peaceful co-existence, on peace and stability, on mutual relationship with Eritrea, it hasn’t welcomed by some sections of our society in the Diaspora. For sure, we can’t live on doubts of past history. We can make a new history based on mutual respect for the benefit of the two brotherly people. Indeed, the focus of engagement should be to find mutually acceptable solutions to a common challenge. So what are the facts in front of us?

 Ethiopia now is the host of a large number of Eritrean refugees. Ethiopia now has opened the doors of higher educational institutions to our young. Ethiopia has allowed the freedom of movement to Eritreans who can compete in the job market. These facts indicate that the Ethiopian government is adhering on trust-building by which the two people will face the common challenge in the near future.

Recognizing these developments in the relationship of the two brotherly people, the National Assembly for democratic change has met with Prime Minister Meles Zenawi to safeguard the purposes and principles of good neighborliness. The Assembly has every confidence to usher a new relationship based on mutual respect. At the end of the meeting the National Assembly asked the Prime Minister every possible question that could be raised by skeptics. And yes, all the answers have met to the satisfaction of the Assembly.


The rush and the scramble of our failure are over now. It is time to reap what is sown in the National Congress. It is a new beginning, another shot at getting it right and planting ourselves on ground of trust, hope, and optimism. So let us forget about the past. Let us forget about all the times we were misled by our leaders, disappointed, and screwed over. The peaks and valleys won’t be quite as vertiginous as the last decade. We have slogged through the worst of it, and we have survived from the decade of hell. We all need a stretch, a purpose, and meaning to work together which is a powerful catalyst for positive change.

 Because the route we are in involves appreciative dialogue, it will help us to map the challenges closely, encourage leaders to adapt and build positive habits, and see new horizon as we move forward. Surely, this is the beginning of a new stage in the Eritrean resistance movement, in which the cutting age becomes active resistance. Let us view our struggle as a friend sent to sharpen our skills, and then we will become the masters of our own destiny. As our allies work together with us to lift energy around us, we will be amazed to see how quickly positive pull begins to draw people into this orbit, freeing one mind after the other from negativity into light. Therefore, I am taking a special pleasure and urge you to join the National Assembly and make the necessary effort to strengthen the resistance movement.

 For comment e-mail

About Amanuel Hidrat

Amanuel Hidrat, is a political activist and a passionate writer in the current struggle against the Eritrean regime. His extensive writings are focused on constitution and constitutionalism, constitutional process, nature of governments, and grievances of the social groups. His articles can be found “Tebeges”, a rich column at that archives over 150 articles. He has been writing at Ntsebraq in Tigrinya since 1998, and in English since 2000. Through his writings, , he promotes "multicultural liberalism" and "multicultural constitutionalism" that provides a fair share to social groups in the decision making process of governance. Amanuel believes it’s not individuals, but ”our social groups”, that should be the building blocks of the Eritrean nation state. Amanuel studied “Industrial chemistry" at the Poly-technical Institute in Ethiopia, and "Clinical Pharmacy" at St John's University in the US.

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  • sara

    The vision of Awasa is objectives of Ethiopia/Weyane on Eritrea, no matter how the writer try to make us take it, as an Eritrean vision.

    • Kokhob Selam

      may be. but one thing is very clear they have a plan to see peace between them and Eritrea. and they are matured so they don’t want to fight, instead they want we Eritrean people to finish the problme. If they have hiden agenda, they can’t win after the end of PFDJ becouse we are not going to give them chance. and I don’t think they have or they will take from us land. if they didn’t do it today, how can they do it after we have legal government? it is easer to catch any thing from Eritrea today as PFDJ is rejected from the world and PFDJ don’t have any force to defend. PFDJ is parlized but we need to push a little.

      So, start to read and study the aim of congress in Awasa which will be in Asmara next time.

  • Daniel T teclegiorgis

    Wedi Hdrat!
    I started reading your article after making ready my morning cup of coffee. But your article took me out from the world of “Enda znan-bahtan”. I felt as if I have left my breakfast table till I finish the reading. What a marvelous presentation of the situation. Coming back to my table I tell you!! have to warm my cup of coffee!! You are a very great thinker, writer and wana-medhanit! Wedi Hdrat. Thank you very much.

  • wed. garza

    where is one crosses the line? when one asks for his rights? when one questions the other’s sincerity? I think the Afar and Kunmma’s issue is very central for our whole co-existence in Eritrea. They demand understanding from us all, they need recipracal empathy for their severe sufferings and I think we need to echo this deep rooted wounded feelings. For me it seems as if a foreigner asks why Eritrea fights against ALL its neighbours? as parallel to why almost ALL Biherat fight that way? If the answer is like that of amhara during our struggle, namely ALL Ethiopians suffered thus Eritrean’s is not especial, soundds to me insincere and misleading. thus, let’s accept our deeds, wrongs and pave forward for peace among and between Eritreans.

  • wed. garza

    well done berother Hidrat, have my greetings for the last 30 years. I highly value your contributions paving the best way- out possible. I think we need this caliber of persons that bring us together by understanding the underlying oneness of this nation. Needless to say, there are many galloping horses with the least heed of what’s common. Thank you again Hidrat for your nice and enlightening trip and wish hearing more of that nature to feed our hopes and maximise our searches for truth.

  • Wedi Adem

    Free Afar Dankalia
    I just asked you in respect to put your arguments for discussion. But you were wrong on jumping in judging our ethnicity. First of all we are all victims of these brutal regime. My people in my region
    or ethnicity never had a peace since those gangs came from Sahel but our fight suppose to be united as a people to free the nation from suffering. Remember all of us paid the blood of our brothers for our country. Please do not give up, brother, we are together in this struggle. Thanks. SEBRI YIBBA!

  • Assab

    the Afars like all Eritrean ethnics paid their share in 30 years of Eritrean struggle for independence thinking all Eritreans will enjoy the fruit of their precious sacrifice which is liberty, equality and fraternity for all, and in return what they got from Dictatorial Eritrean regime was the assassination of high ranking Afars and extermination of Afar population from their ancestral land and robbing Dankalias resources and not building a thing but prisons in the region I totally agree with free Dankalia the Shabia regime which is led and dominated by Tigrigna don’t give a damn about minority and their right the Afars no longer buy that unity appeasement so therefore self determination up to secession is the only solution. fool me once shame on you fool me twice shame on me.

  • go on and continue being bold.

  • come to the Idea, don’t just attack the man.

  • The Jeberti Tigirgna from Shire,the slave of Alula Kunama people,the Agaw bilen and the Saho Irob are nothing and this few garbage persons why they dont go to Ethiopia as they are.
    This little dog Emma piccolo are for nothing.

    • That will not work any more. the challange is not from Jeberti or Kunama only. Amanuel is not Jeberti. there is no more such problem after this congress. we are all in our common ground. we are Eritreans. PFDJ also have Jeberti reactioneries. Today the war is between PFDJ and democratic front that represents all exept PFDJ.

    • Jemal

      Respond to
      Yes; I wonder why your name is Aron for a cause they gave you Aron;Because you’ve got iron headed . What did Jeberti did to you Idiot. Second you and your master where did they come from .I will give a home work can you please ask your Papa where did your family origin come from. You are worst than garbage ; we may recycle garbage you can’t you are worthless.

    • John Arusha

      Sir, i think your articulation is pre-mature because you insult Jeberti, Kunama, Bilen ethnic groups? bring some constructive arguments instead to blame yourself in the public opinion. From where do you derivde friend? Probably you are landless. So please avoid such brainless arguments. First of all the Kunama and Nara are eritrean Indigenous . You go back from where you do come . Ethiopia has history well known in the world, so u go to your PFDJ Isayas .

    • John Arusha

      Response to Mr. Aaron.- Sir, i think your articulation is pre-mature because you insult Jeberti, Kunama, Bilen ethnic groups? bring some constructive arguments instead to blame yourself in the public opinion. From where do you derivde friend? Probably you are landless. So please avoid such brainless arguments. First of all the Kunama and Nara are eritrean Indigenous . You go back from where you do come . Ethiopia has history well known in the world, so u go to your PFDJ Isayas .

    • sara

      i don’t buy you mischievouse comments, actually you must have been to hawasa and kept away from participation due to your open treasonous on both ends you are a loser…. stay where you are… i am sure addis abeba or mekhele will be the Right place for you… no where else.

  • Sir;
    "Self-determination and Up to Secession" for Afar isn't something you would buy in Markato and sell it in Awassa. What you have heard is half of the story.

    • NO, you are the one who didn’t see the all story. you need to learn a lot from the wirter. Afar poeple are suffering and they are looking for a human being leading the country. they know what they are doing, and they are asking the others to work. you and people like you are responsible for all this mess. No one will separte and divide a country that keeps the diginity of all. when Amanuel said “The issue of land will be resolved by mutual respect not by hate and arrogance. I am sure we will reach there.” he didn’t just dream he say it from firm stand.

    • Wedi Adem

      FreeAfar Dankalia
      If you are patriotic Dankeli Eritrean, for the purpose of discussions and understandings I urge you to come openly and honestly on bringing your point of view in the subject. We are here to talk and argue for the sake of bringing the gap closer to each other.

      • FreeAfar Dankalia

        First of all, I’m not patriotic Eritrean, First and foremost I’m Patriotic Afar! You notice i dropped Eritrean? You people made us hate that name.
        For you Tigrigna Extremest, It about getting to Asmara and Rule others, and call that a regime change. For Us Afar and Kunama, It’s about survival from being wiped-out(extinction).
        If you want us to discuss our co-existence,then take-off your shoes from my neck.
        I’m very disappoint with Amanuel .

        • FreeAfar,

          If you are patriotic Afar you are patriotic Eritrean. That is enough for me. Eritrea belongs to all ethnics that made the “Nation Eritrea”. There is no Eritrea without Afar who bleed and make Eritrea as sovereign nation. Just cool down the solution is in the plate ready after the despot is removed. The renaissance of Eritrea that embrace all its part with love and justice is not that far. Hold your breath it will be reality. Don’t be disappointed.

        • Saleh Gadi

          FreeAfar, though I understand your frustration, I do not understand your attitude towards Amanuel who is a genuine thinker. His credentials regarding the rights of minorities is impeccable and if you have shoes on your neck, I am sure it is not Amanuel’s shoes. It is not wise to alienate a true ally and a man who struggles for the rights of minorities and by extension, the rights of all Eritreans. Chill down and be fair on Amanuel.

          • FreeAfar Dankalia

            Dear Saleh Gadi and Br.Amanuel;
            My comment wasn’t directly Directed at Br. Amanuel ,I don’t believe he is part of extremist clique , I have very high regard for Mr. Hidrat, I follow his contribution on the website . It think however, Ethnic federation is the only solution to deal with problems of Eritreans. if there was any meeting with Chairman’s Ibrahim on it,the comment was taken out of context on Secession and Ethnic federation. My comment was rather directed at extreme element of mainstream Eritreans who can’t even fathom what this Sectarian regime in Eritrea means to us Afar in Past, present and in the future , Unless those who call for centralized and unitary government understand and held accountable to the misery of what we are dealing with today, we don’t want to have any of their “hade Hizi ,hade Libi” crab in the future. We simply don’t have the luxury of time for them to make up their mind about us, We are dealing with genocidal sectarian psychopath, who are cleansing our people, changed our language,land mass ,oue economy and ultimately clear afar from their ancestral homeland. We feel many number of Eritreans are not conscious of this fact, if they are and don’t care ,we call their attention to prospect of secession of Dankalia from Eritrea. Take a look at the Samara Declaration below,
            profound and explicitly clear about afar Position. We can not wait until we rid Eritrea of Shabia see what the future would hold for us there, we must work on our differences NOW ,make our positions clear to each other , including on Translational Constitution.
            Best Regards.

  • Metkel

    Dear Amanuel,
    It is interesting article you wrote. You want to Awasa and you sound a converted EPDP agent while you were hammering them for more than 2 years. Now, you are advocating for a decentralized government abondoning the right to secession. In addition, you are telling us that the Afars and Kunamas do not believe in what in their political program is. Is this an insult or a complement to them to say they do not believe in what they claim! If they are for local self-administration why not they join the EPDP group in which you are advocating for them. I guess, EPDP has done more influencing from the outside than within inside. Thanks to you and your like.
    No one including you will speak on our behalf. The rights of the indigineous people have no limitation including secession. Thanks, but no thanks.

    • Dear metkel,
      I am not a converted EPDP of “the house of disorder.” EPDP is an arogant organization which does not believe on engagement rather which looks an alliance with PFDJ (go look meskerem board if you are not aware about that). I have advocated for “decentralized governance” before any body or before any organization for that matter. Not only that, I advocated for a specific one out of the many kinds of decentralized governance. Go back and refer to my writings since 2003, if you will. Could you please tell the public when EPDP advocated for “decentralized” to the public if not recently? That is the discussion I made with the leaders of the two organizations and I salute them. For them believeing to the principle of self-determination upto secession does not mean to succeed. They believe on unity and integrity of the nation. By the way, what kind fo decentralized governance does EPDP advocate?

      • Metkel

        You asking me Whether EPDP believes in decentralized government or not. You know, I thought you were the one who wrote about EFDM and EPDP’s similarities between the decentralized and EFDM’s Federalia. If you cannot remember or if you deny what you wrote in the past then sir what can I say. You see, it is better not to get overshadowed by hatred where you can forget things and what you believe. One thing that I learned from you is being judgmental without knowing policies of the organization that you are labeling. When I oppose EPDP, I do not base based on hate but rather political philosophy and principle. Due to your hatred to EPDP, you are try to mak a lame excuse in behalf of bhier afar and Kunama in justifying based on what they told you but not what their policies say.

        Good Luck with the Assemblia with such kind of character.

        • Metkel,

          Read carefully my statement before you jump to react. look the phrase I use “if not recently.” It means I acknowledged the recent pronouncement of EPDP about decentralized governance. And yes I did mention it in my previous article. But the question I asked you and even to the organization itself is, what kind of decentralization it is? In fact EFDM’s position is clear whether I support it or not and that is “federalism” one of the many kinds of decentralization. Whether I am to be converted EPDP or EPDP comes to its sense and be on the side of the democratic change, history will judge us as we go forward. But come with your own solution if you are EPDP or not something we can debate.

  • DemMelash

    Brother Aman,

    Many thanks for the well organized paper. Keep up the good job.

  • Moses

    This sounds like ” MAHBER ANDINET” – pro Unity movement in the 50’s. I do not believe for a second that Ethiopian government hosted and funded group will bring any thing good for Eritrea.

    You are just a bunch of traitors and woyane operatives who are working for your own benefit, some who have personal hatred to the government of Eritrea and some of you are half Ethiopian and half Eritrean working for your Ethiopian side at the expense of Eritrea.

    Did they feed you KITFO, ZILZIL and TEJ while you were there ? they used to feed the Mabret Andinet the same food too.

    BTW – They gave you all nice scarf that looks like Woyane flag – I guess you can use it for winter here too.

    Eritrean will never Kneel down !!!

    • Kokhob Selam

      Instead of labeling such great men why don’t you see the reality? be kind and come with reason. what makes such type of strugle like Andnet of 50’s?

      • Wedi Adem

        Instead love to one onother ,your tendency to enforce on each other difference and suspicion shows your arrogance. They proof themselves that they care more to Eritrean people than me and you too.

    • yohanes

      i agree with you, despite my wish for change in eritrea’s political system and the promotion of democracy for all in which all ethnic groups would live peacefully and equally; i also believe that no ethiopian government would promote the prosperity of eritrea and would not truest any eritrean working with ethipian what so ever

    • DemMelash


      Down with you and your wrong attitude towards Eritrean Revolutionaries.

  • Ahmed Abdelrehim

    Thanks Aman, great reflections on this great historic event.

  • Dear Amaniel Hidrat,

    thank you for your well written Article. So good that it discourages me writing. But let me add my voice to yours, because we dont do it often enough:
    “Thanks to the Eritrean National Commission for Democratic Change, for the unvaluable effort they have done a year and half long.

  • Dear Amanuel, Thank you, Keep the good work brother you are a wonderful human begin!

  • Thank you Amanuel For your article,
    Please keep writing to build bridges not only among Eritreans but Ethiopians as well, your vision and way of thinking is a valuable asset that we need to capitalize on for the betterment of our peoples.
    I thank you very much you are a wonderful human being !

    • Dear mariem Hamid,

      Yes we will build the bridges of peaceful co-existence. 2012 will be the game changer. Ethiopia’s willingness to mend the relationship of the two brotherly people will be reciprocated by the national assembly. We will keep the momentum and press it to happen.

  • solomon

    thank you Mr. Amanuel Hidrat you said it all. Yes we will be part of the national Assembly

  • Kokhob Selam

    AFAR,Kunama? Even others……Yes, accepting the reality now is important. Just start to think positive and you will attract positive thinkers. People want peace freedom and prosperity. They might be late but one day they will make it. They will break the fear and say “go out of our land”. Yes that is their property if you don’t know how to make a united nation which have equal people’s dignity. Understanding them before trying to let them understand you is very much important. You don’t need to have knowledge as some thought you need wisdom. Respect others and they will respect you. Very good.

    • Selam Kokob selam,
      I am not talking about evictions. I am talking about peace and trust building. The issue of land will be resolved by mutual respect not by hate and arrogance. I am sure we will reach there. The Eritrean people have never fought on how land is appropraited. It is the current regime who create this atmosphere and put people like you kokob to be in the other end of the friction. Re-set your mind for the betterment of Eritrean people in a posetive way.

      • Wedi Adem

        Wedi Hedrat
        Welcome back from this historic journey. And I appreciate your timely posting about the current issue of our fondest hope. It is easy to be skeptical of any strategy for bringing liberty and sustainable social developments when we are caught with this regime of prolonged downturn circumstances and uncertain prospects under the system of HGDF mendef for the last 20 years. But it will be irresponsible beyond discription not to engage and try in every way we know how to think and solve the obstacles we face just to bring our people in genenal together and united. Like you put it on your above article, we are not perfect but that doesn’t mean not to connect eachother on discussion on the subject.

      • Kokhob Selam

        May be it is becouse you got me wrong.
        Thank you, I fully support your Idea. I was not and I will not be on the other side of history, except in reminding for those who don’t think the other side can challenge them. It doesn’t matter what you think of me, as far as you are against all odds. Just imagine and consider me I am your student and allow me to know more from you. I mean it with All the respect.

        • Said Ayoub

          Kokhob, MY friend you have said it nicely . The healing process has to be handled carefully.

          • Wedi Adem

            Kokheb hawey. It looks to me there is misunderstanding and I guess Amanuel bear the fault in this incident for rushing.

  • Perfect…… simiply marvelous article.

  • Mohamed

    Thank you Mr. Amanuel for pointing out this fact:

    ” In any case, I give full credit to the commission who bore the heavy responsibilities that have been entrusted on them, to promote the struggle to this level of coordination and structural transformation. “

    I add my vote to say tank you to the commission — well done.

  • Mohamed

    ” In any case, I give full credit to the commission who bore the heavy responsibilities that have been entrusted on them, to promote the struggle to this level of coordination and structural transformation. “