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Music and Hallucinations

This is the source script for Negarit 67 of Jan 8, 2010

1. Tsehaitu Berakhi, Alamin Abdulatif, Abba Shawl and mythology

Probably many do not know that Tsehaitu Berakhi became famous in Keren before she hit, the record disc fame.

I know Tsehaitu, how could I forget the woman who harassed me as a child and forced me to walk on a different street where she cannot see me, to avoid her pestering when I walked to school. Ya Eneyya! Do you know what that means? It’s flirting! And a for a young boy, very embarrassing. But whenever I hear something saying Ya Enneya, I immediately remember Tsehaitu Berakhi.

Tsehaitu had a Enda Swa (a local beer house) between a row of shops next door to where Berhane Chegora later opened a restaurant, and close to where Berhane Gojela had a carpentry shop. Some years later, Zerai opened a photo shop before he moved to Palazzo Riva, where Lupo had the first photoshop in Keren, followed by my father who opened a second photoshop in Keren (a story for the future).

Tsehaitu who had her Enda Swa on the main, and only asphalted road, in Keren. Then suddenly she disappeared, but soon she became a famous singer and her records were everywhere. Almost all bars, teashops, buses played her songs.

I first heard her on Disc when I was vacationing in Massawa where I was on vacation with relatives in Edaga. At about the same time also Alamin Abdulatif’s song, Abay Aba Shawl was becoming popular. Tsehaitu’s song about the Aba Shawl neighborhood in Asmara was blasting all around Batsie’–Aba Sahwl Zeban CherHi. I wondered, is this the same Tsehaitu that I know? Good she didn’t she left because growing up, she was really embarrassing me. She moved away when my voice became huskier and after that, I think I would have not been that bashful. It would have been my turn to pester her.

Let’s talk about the origin of the name Aba Shawl.

Mythologies and Forlklores

Last week someone sent me a clip from EriTV. It was a reportage about the origin of the name Aba Shawl. I had raised that topic in one of my previous episodes of Negarit and asked my audience for feedback on the name. A friend sent me the report clip and said “this might help shed some light on the question you raised.”

Alamain’s Abay Aba Shawl…..

The EriTv reporter roamed around Aba Shawl asking its residents what they thought was the origin of the name Aba Shawl. Here is a sample of the explanation of the current residents of Abba Shawl…

After watching the c;lip, you will agree with me that the history of Aba Shawl is dictated and documented based on the lyrics of the song by Alamin Abdulatif, meEbeye zekhtam nerki….

That is how folktales are made, Tsewitseway, and if not corrected in time, it becomes an established history. I do not want to go into the revision by EriTv about certain “facts” but never mind for now because that will take us to ArbaAte Asemera and I do not want to go there…

So, the knowledge of most people in our region is made in this way…. Someone thinks Aba Shawl had a university! When ignorance rules in a country, that is the least of the damage that can happen. Children are not encouraged (let alone trained) to be curious, to learn, to start understanding the basis of research, the basis of critical thinking. Eritreans are denied that vehicle of learning and we remain a nation whose major reference is the oral history of mythology and folktales. Alamin Abdulatif unknowingly wrote the history of Aba Shawl in the lyrics of his famouse song. And that song has shaped the perceptions of many Eritreans just like similar folktales are shaping their perception of their history.

So, whenever people tell stories they cannot prove, based on folktales, remember Aba Shawl. Also, imagine someone in the future teaching the history of Aba Shawl in a school, based on what you just heard. It’s all perceptions without proof.

2. Hallucinations, Red Sea nostalgia.

Abiy Ahmed has empowered the remnants of the feudal supremacists and violent elements for political expediency. And it has been a while since they have been provoking Eritreans. But in the last few weeks, the provocations have exceeded the tolerable limit. For today, I chose two clips to illustrate that such instigations are what incite conflicts and violence. When people, particularly those who hide behind the veil of a reporter, consider instigation as a hobby. Eritreans reacted furiously for my taste, but I fully understand the justifiable reaction. As a result, some are mocking the reaction of Eritreans, while others think it’s a bit exaggerated. Still others are so appalled by the audacity of the aggressive elements who insult people and then wonder when the insulted react!

Since disclaimers are important for an overly sensitive people, mainly the Habesha people, let me make a disclaimer. Honestly, I do not know many humble persons among the Janhoi crowd, they are just too sentimentally attached to the Solomonic dynasty, its mannerism, and believe its narration of history—Etipya TabetsH idewa lesemai, and similar none-sense. They believe they are the elect of God, all of them, and also believe they are mandated by a divine power to lord over others. I have no disclaimer to make to them.

As for the Derg, I have to admit the “Land for the Tiller” policy it implemented is probably the most important policy in the history of Ethiopia, besides demolishing the Solomonic dynasty. I also know two decent Derg members, one of whom I befriended while I lived in Kuwait, Ambassador Tesfaye, the former Derg UN envoy to the UN. I also know Major Dawit who is a decent person except sometimes he makes hasty conclusions despite his exceptional intelligence and rich political experience. In an article he wrote last year he publicly “advised” me to jump into Dr. Abiy’s Medemer Karrosa, Abiy’s rusty cart. Now I believe he has revised his position.

These, the sample of Ethiopians I do not care about, and those I care about, including my decent Ethiopian friends and the many fair, human ones.

But what is wrong with the aggressive type that Abiy is catering to and has become his constituency?  I know this group doesn’t have any respect for basic human laws, let alone international law. That is why they shamelessly threaten to invade a sovereign Eritrea. For your information, Eritrea is already occupied by Isaias and his party and I wish they leave us alone to get rid of that occupation before we deal with their planned invasion.

It is sad. Eritreans are so careful—please don’t judge them based on the behavior of the violent Isaias and his group, or on the social damage that despicable regime has inflicted on Eritreans. We have bled enough, lost enough and we do not want to see bloodshed anymore. Please cool down and help us maintain some sanity. But if you think Eritreans are less capable of fighting, you are wrong. Do you think the Eritrean devil is less than the Ethiopian, or Somali, or even Yemeni or Sudanese devil? Oh boy. Sorry, I have to be blunt, and I will borrow a little of your arrogance for a few minutes to state the following as a reminder:

Remember, Eritreans taught everybody and their uncles how to fight for their rights. How to fight for justice., How to resist injustice. And that is in our blood we just resist summoning it because we want to stop violence before it starts– for the good of everybody. But those who think Isaias emasculated Eritrean, it’s by choice. A sober, patient silence, and inaction because we do not wish to ignite the matchstick. Please don’t provoke us. Don’t. Please, I beg you, don’t.

Samples of the provocation by two irresponsible Ethiopians featured on the Video.

1. We have to manufacture an Eritrea than cannot be a risk to Ethiopia

2. Create an Eritrea without military or diplomatic tools, powerless and give it to them!

3. We are indebted to Isaias who prevented Eritreans from being educated, unproductive, and a real country for 30 years, and we should not forget that

4. We will conduct their relations with the outside world through the Ethiopian ministry of foreign affairs. Creating such a weak state is possible and it is needed.

5. We need a shore where our naval force and Tor Serawit can control fully

6. Eritrea can be allowed to have only a sort of local administrative government

7. What the Fxxx will you do?

8. Assab is for Amhara, a Wollo territory

9. You should open Assab to the great Ethiopia of 110 million people

10. Abiy Ahmed the con artist, gets the Noble prize… but where is Assab?

11. If the Amhara faces you they will defeat you, because Amhara were never defeated

12. Derg was an Oromo force, Amhara defeated it, but ghe victory was stolen and delivered to the Tigre people.

13. Why can’t Eritrea be united with Ethiopia, it’s such a tiny country, the size of a forehead tattoo

14. It’s the Eritrean jealousy, Shaabia, how can a small country like Eritrea be a country?

15. Why did Abiy Ahmed bring us to deserve the Noble prize?

16. Why do you Eritreans come to Ethiopia to vacation and then say Red Sea is theirs? But based on history, everything belongs to the Amhara

About Saleh "Gadi" Johar

Born and raised in Keren, Eritrea, now a US citizen residing in California, Mr. Saleh “Gadi” Johar is founder and publisher of awate.com. Author of Miriam was Here, Of Kings and Bandits, and Simply Echoes. Saleh is acclaimed for his wealth of experience and knowledge in the history and politics of the Horn of Africa. A prominent public speaker and a researcher specializing on the Horn of Africa, he has given many distinguished lectures and participated in numerous seminars and conferences around the world. Activism Awate.com was founded by Saleh “Gadi” Johar and is administered by the Awate Team and a group of volunteers who serve as the website’s advisory committee. The mission of awate.com is to provide Eritreans and friends of Eritrea with information that is hidden by the Eritrean regime and its surrogates; to provide a platform for information dissemination and opinion sharing; to inspire Eritreans, to embolden them into taking action, and finally, to lay the groundwork for reconciliation whose pillars are the truth. Miriam Was Here This book that was launched on August 16, 2013, is based on true stories; in writing it, Saleh has interviewed dozens of victims and eye-witnesses of Human trafficking, Eritrea, human rights, forced labor.and researched hundreds of pages of materials. The novel describes the ordeal of a nation, its youth, women and parents. It focuses on violation of human rights of the citizens and a country whose youth have become victims of slave labor, human trafficking, hostage taking, and human organ harvesting--all a result of bad governance. The main character of the story is Miriam, a young Eritrean woman; her father Zerom Bahta Hadgembes, a veteran of the struggle who resides in America and her childhood friend Senay who wanted to marry her but ended up being conscripted. Kings and Bandits Saleh “Gadi” Johar tells a powerful story that is never told: that many "child warriors" to whom we are asked to offer sympathies befitting helpless victims and hostages are actually premature adults who have made a conscious decision to stand up against brutality and oppression, and actually deserve our admiration. And that many of those whom we instinctively feel sympathetic towards, like the Ethiopian king Emperor Haile Sellassie, were actually world-class tyrants whose transgressions would normally be cases in the World Court. Simply Echoes A collection of romantic, political observations and travel poems; a reflection of the euphoric years that followed Eritrean Independence in 1991.

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  • Haile S.

    Selam Saleh,

    Your anecdote reservoir is bottomless (ዓሚቘ). Thanks you for the crunchy delights. Tsehaitu had similar swa-kirar parlor in Asmara close to aba-Shawl. For our parents generation (at least mine), coming out of their village becoming city-dwellers, observing someone like Tsehaitu recording and singing traditional song they partially knew was a nostalgic surprise admixed with admiration and condemnation. I remember my mom when hearing ወይኖ የ ወይኖ’የ ወይኖ፡ ድሕሪ ገዛ የሳድዳ’ሎ… saying እምበኣር ሎም’ሲ ጓሶት ኰንና ንደርፎ ዝነበርና ብዕሊ ኣውጺኣቶ! The Condemnation part was because being a singer was not well viewed by those generations at that time. The uproar reached zenith when she doubled with ኣዋልደየ ኪዳ ዕበዳ፡ ላዕላይ ሰማይ’ዶ ኣለዎ ሜዳ. If that song was in European language and in Europe at that time, she would be in Vatican’s condemnation excommunication list along with Galileo, Gainsbourg and Jane Birkin. Despite all this she was revered, loved and remains one of the icons of Tigrigna singers. I wish I was old enough to go to her parlor sitting beside the adults with መነሊክ (ምለሊኽ) on my hands.

    On the digital hullabaloo, the following modified amharic and tigrigna adages apply:
    ብልጥ የሸሸገው ሞኝ ያወጣዋል
    ለባም ተመሲልካ ድራሮም ወድኣሎም

    P.S. I sent you a reference on king John’s Boru Meda congregation symposium, please check your recent post on Kibre-Negest. You might not have seen it yet.

    • Saleh Johar

      Ahlan HaileS,
      I started to read the content, but I think I need to read it again… and I found other related materials that I need to read. Thank you so much. How about writing a script for an episode, two, a dozen? Please consider.

      Nothing special on the anecdotes–it’s easy if you were sitting in the front raw when ancient prophets were preaching:-)

      That Awalideyye kida Ebeda song is a super feminist call …alas,as you said, it’s in Tigrinya only. A Vatican condemnation would have had her on the same level with world singers.

      Do you know where Millelikh comes from? If you know, fine, otherwise here it is: the first coated drinking cups we knew came with the picture of king Minelik on it–a smart businessman, Greek or Armenian I am not sure, knew what he was doing. It seems our people could not pronounce it correctly, thus it was corrupted and became Millelikh. One more corruption of the original Bin-Melech (Hebrew)/Bin-Malik (Arabic) for son of the king.

      Isn’t it Aasha temesilka and not Lebam temesilka?
      Cheers

      • Haile S.

        Selam Saleh,
        I will see if i can find a better link for the article.
        On the tigrigna adage, you are right the original adage says ዓሻ ተመሲልካ meaning the person is ለባም. I didn’t want to give him that credit, thus I twisted it ለባም ተመሲልካ.

  • Paulos

    Selam Ayay,

    Did you just say, you used to hit on ጻሃይቱ በራኺ? She must had been smokin’ hot then. Didn’t know you were a bad boy. No wonder St. Augustine of Hippo is your fav Theologian for he had similar conversion not so much as in “The Road to Damascus” al’a St. Paul but of course, you got the point.

    Your knack for story telling is a gem to say the least but was hoping you would say more about the Tamrat guy instead. Perhaps in your next ቢድዮ? What say you ክቡር ኣያና?

    • Saleh Johar

      Haha Paulos,
      No. I was a child and was not in a position to counter her pestering let alone hit on her. And when I reached early teens, she left. If not for that, she was bold and funny. That’s why I remember her fondly. But I have many stories of “on my way to school” oh the stuff I saw and wondered! I wish you knew 🙂

      Tamrat? Don’t you think I have him more attention than he deserves already? But who knows, he is a small time supermacist and there are bigger fishes that needs to be put on fiery red coal.

  • Teodros Alem

    Selam Saleh Johar
    I don’t mean to say by any means there r no ethiopian like the guy on the video but this guy is unknown person, he is kind of abi, admassie or horizon kind of guy, he indirectly tell eritreans tplf is ur only option to keep ur sovereignty.
    i wonder why u think this guy is not wollo??

    • Saleh Johar

      Hi Tedros,
      Am I wrong because I said I was not sure if he is from this or that region? I still do not know. But I am sure he is one of the many janhoi puppies. Honestly, I am not an expert on Amharic snd can’t tell based on looks or accents. How have I been played? Guesswork? I don’t do that. If you think you know something we should know, please inform us all here. I said I was taking his clip as one of two samples and it serves my purpose. That’s all. Thank you

      • Teodros Alem

        Selam Saleh Johar
        I know, but he is one of adp or tplf or odp puppies. most probably adp( most of them N wallo, agaw) .

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam SGJ,

    I can only say “ጸባ ስተ”. Besides I love your message to us Eritreans towards the end of your message on the clip.

  • Abi

    Selam Ato Saleh
    I’m afraid you are unwittingly falling for the tplf trap. The person on the video is definitely a paid actor whose only mission is to agitate Eritreans. If you notice the timing of the video corresponds with the tplf አቋም መግለጫ where it clearly says that tplf ለኤርትራ ነፃነት ተዋግቷል and other things በኤርትራ ነፃነት ያምናል…
    Tplf is recruiting Eritreans and you are giving it a platform.
    TPLF+ Eritreans = Agazi Nation

    • Saleh Johar

      Selam Abi,

      Thanks for the warning. But please remember I have always been aware of the Habesha politics. Elements from both Habesha sections take turns threatening Eritreans. Even the most patient among us are losing it. The cycle of psychological assault has been going on since Abiy become your leader, well before the TPLF አቋም መግለጫ.. But the threats cycles never stopped for centuries, since the days of the violent Janhois.

      • Abi

        Selam Ato Saleh
        እርስዎ እንዳሉ ይሁን:: ከባለቤቱ በላይ አውቃለሁ ብዬ አልቀላምድም::

        • Paulos

          Abination,

          Why are you being nice to Aya Saleh all of a sudden? Is that one of your strategies to broaden your political alliance in a bid to isolate the rest of us who are suspected of being Agazians? ኣንተ ኣራዳ ተነቅቶብሃል! Hope that is not bad Amharic. Did I say the ተነቅቶብሃል part right?

          • Abi

            Paul
            ከቤቱ ባለቤት ልታጣላኝ ነው? ነቄ ብለናል::
            Yes, you said it right!!

          • Saleh Johar

            Paulos and Abiy,
            Your strategy is a tested Machiavellian method. The problem is Paulos is taking notice. But I give you this: you are very sophisticated, and an expert on wax and gold. The problem is we are neither. We are just the good old steel metals. I haven’t told you this before, but let me say I like you except when you think your under the belt blows go unnoticed 🙂

          • Abi

            Selam Ato Saleh
            Steel is susceptible to rusting. I believe you are better than that. I suggest you cover your rust with a touch of wax and gold. The wax protects the steel from rusting while the gold increase your value.
            I try to deliver more wax and gold free of charge.
            I think you told me before that you like me:)) May be you forgot about it. I sense you are a little rusty these days.
            I like you too.

          • Saleh Johar

            Abiy,
            Dealing with your neo-arbegnotch who think patriotism is measured by how belligerent you are makes diamonds rust let alone metals. But we cannot change our steel nature because it’s associated with us at birth 🙂

          • Abi

            Selam Ato Saleh
            I don’t think I like your steel nature. I have to work twice as hard to bend it. Wait a minute!! I can gently warm it and bend it and make anything and everything out of it.

          • Teodros Alem

            abi
            it is clear now u came back with instructions to play against tplf and eprdf before 3A, just like horizon did, u have been pro-dabo and x eprdf and now u came back as if u weren’t cheerleader of the last 27 years x eprdf.
            u grow up seeing ur “sekotta” mother being bended by everybody else and ur “ALERT” father bended naturally, u think bending is so easy, right?

          • Saleh Johar

            See Abiy,
            If I play along it will be a never ending cycle of showing off wit. I get tired of that vain game so quick. Therefore I quit not go try to bend that steel 🙂

          • Paulos

            Abination,

            I forgive you if you hate the Weyanes with passion but I won’t forgive you If you haven’t read Garcia Gabriel Marquez’s classic book, “One Hundred Years Of Solitude.” Really. It was set in this esoteric town where the people engage in all sorts of trials and experiments including turning metals to gold as they are also known as “Alchemists.” Certainly, that kind of style in story telling or genre is called “Magic Realism” and Garcia Marquez was a paragon to that effect.

            Not only the characters in the book tried to turn metals to gold but to steel as well but in real time, we had an era otherwise known as “Bronze Age” way before steel came into the picture. Way before that though we had Copper. Copper was one of the most abundant metals on Earth but the problem with copper was that, it was too malleable and could easily be bent and it was a bad news for warfare purposes.

            Clever people like you figured that the reason copper was malleable was because of the electrons in each atom of the metals where they pass along each other with a sense of ease if you will. To be more precise, the electrons with in the copper metal are less dense and can move freely and hence it’s malleable nature. But they figured that, if they can make copper more dense by adding more electrons to them, the copper metal could be hard or strong and also hard to bend as well. And when they added Tin metal to Copper, as they assumed, the alloy or mixture turned out to be hard and again hard to bend as well. And the alloy or the mixture of Copper and Tin is called, Bronze and hence “Bronze Age.”

            You may be saying that, why couldn’t they use Iron instead for Iron is not only hard or strong and hard to bend but it is also the most abundant element on Earth’s crust and core. True but the problem with Iron is that, it always comes combined with oxides and never in its pure form. And one has to do rigorous work to remove the oxides which is essentially what casting is all about. But again clever people like you understood that if they add Carbon to Iron, it becomes extremely hard but at times brittle. And it was a matter of figuring out how much Carbon to add to Iron where it could remain not only extremely strong but not brittle as well. Then they discovered that, if they add only 1% of Carbon to Iron, they find the kind of alloy they were looking for—extremely strong and not brittle. And that alloy or the mixture of Iron and 1% Carbon is called “Steel.” One thing I am not sure of is however, what kind of alloy is Aya Saleh made of?

          • Saleh Johar

            Paulos,

            You provoked me, now bear the result 🙂
            Have you heard of an old tribe called Ad Mussy? They used to live in the North of Keren between Halhal and Tsebab (literally narrow) which is a gorge of the Anseba river. Legend has it they were attacked and eradicated by other warriors, their women were taken as war boot according to the rules of Moses. Their children grew up speaking the Agaw/Blin language which was the language of Ad Mussy. Today, there are a few families left known as Ad Mussy they live in Senhit around Begu. The point?

            It’s believed Ad Mussy had a developed iron ore mines and were skilled in forging iron. They flourished by trading in swords and spears and other things made of iron. I am sure an excavation of the region would reveal a lot of hidden history because the legend is so deep and widespread in the region. But that is an assignment for post-PFDG era. Anyway, what Ad Mussy created was steel when so many tribes knew nothing about it. So, I can make wild claims like the neo-arbegnoch and declare steel was first made in the Keren region. Then, yabbeTe yfenedda 🙂 It’s so easy.

            Now, as a man of diverse knowledge, you would agree with me that people do carry (actual) residual elements from their environment–in water or food. I guess someone who grows in the region would carry some iron/steel in his system. You tell me if there is any metal in me! Also, since boasting is the fad, tell me if I am allowed to boast 🙂

          • Paulos

            Selam Ayay,

            I really have to spend at least a full day with you so that you could tell me these fascinating stories which are rare where book stores and libraries are off limits. No I have never heard of Ad Mussy.

            Of course, we all carry all the known elements in our system as in Iron, Copper, Zinc to mention but a few but the question why some people are unbreakable no matter what the situation is remains a mystery. And as you know, all mysteries are left to God. Perhaps God reveals the mystery to those who are strong in their own way where the rest of us who are in the golden median need not to worry for we break under duress and look up to the strong among us for inspiration. And of course, that is precisely the reason we have leaders. Perhaps, you know already why you are strong. No?

          • Abi

            Paul
            Amde would have said, “This is Gold!!“
            I believe Ato Saleh is made of galvanized steel. ብረት ተሸክመው ሜዳ ሜዳውን ሲንከራተቱ ብረት ሆነው አረፉት!
            Paul, you are a 💎.

          • Paulos

            Abination,

            I insist, no you’re the gem! Thank you though የኛ ድንቁ ራስ ኣቢ! Incidentally, have you ever heard of this Aristocrat named ራስ መስፍን ስለሺ? Reputedly, he was the wealthiest man in Ethiopia even wealthier than King Haileselassie. Will tell you how he amassed the enormous wealth if you have never heard of him.

            P.S. Where is the classy and elegant Amde these days? Hope he is well.

          • Saleh Johar

            Paulos,
            Amde is reincarnated as a blue bird in the Internet. I wish he ruffles his feathers and returns here as a human being 🙂

          • Abi

            Paul
            I don’t know much about Ras Mesfin except I know where he used to reside. His house has been turned into a corporate headquarters for the Ethiopian Pharmaceutical something something ( I don’t remember the exact name). The place It is called ራሥ መሥፍን ግቢ:: It is across St Paul Hospital. ( there, I found you a connection to the nobility)

          • Selam Abi,
            Is he the person who owned a beautiful villa (at least in those days) on gullele road. It was said that he was one of the richest landlords.

          • Abi

            Hello Horizon
            It was impossible to see the house from the street. The tree lined driveway from the main gate to the house is quite a distance .
            The place is at gullele.

          • Paulos

            Abination,

            The man was ruthless but business savvy who also clearly understood power politics and focused more onto making money instead so that the King would leave him alone.

            For over ten years, he had been the Governor of Keffa and as you know the province was known by its fertile lands for growing coffee on par with Brazil and Colombia and luck had it for him that, with in that period of time when he was a Governor, Brazil and Colombia were struck with environmental crisis as in bad harvest years for coffee beans and the produce from Keffa started selling hot with high revenues in the world market. And that is where the Ras made millions of dollars. And remember, this was between 1945-55!

            More over, he would force the small land owning farmers to use his trucks to mobilize their coffee beans with exorbitant costs. Later on, he invested his money on Real Estate when he bought the then flourishing buildings in Addis. And that was precisely the reason, almost half of the buildings in Addis were his.

            Here is the interesting part though, when the young and brave Girmame Neway came back from New York after his studies in Columbia University, he was assigned to work at the Ministry of Interior and at that time the head of the Ministry was none other than ራስ መስፍን ስለሺ! And as you may have guessed already, it was then the tension begun between the greedy and ruthless Aristocracy and the young progressive idealist educated class. When the Ras complained about Girmame to the King, Girmame was sent first to Welamo then to Jiggiga and of course you know how his fate was ended. But as fate also had it, the Ras was one of the 60 high ranking officials, nobility and aristocrats who were sentenced to death by the Dergue in 1974-75. Perhaps, it was poetic justice and maybe a lesson to the latter day arrogants who feel untouchable!

          • Abi

            Paul
            This is a fascinating story. Thanks a million. Was he originally from Kaffa area? All I know is he was an ኦሮሞ ባላባት::
            ለዘመኑ ባላባቶች ጥሩ ትምህርት ነው:: ልብ ያለው ልብ ይበል ብለናል::

          • Paulos

            Abination,

            He couldn’t have been from Keffa for it is way South. But probably from Yeju Oromo [Northern Shewa or Southern Wello] who came to power after the Great Oromo Migration in the late 16 Century when Ahmed Gragne exhausted the Ethiopian Highlands through war that lasted for 15 years. The thing about Ethiopian history is the same like watching the blockbuster TV drama series “The Game of Thrones.” It is fascinating to say the least where I personally do not get enough of it. Don’t mean to brag or anything but I have read almost all the English version Ethiopian History books.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam paulos
            Like most n shawa aristocrats both he and his wife has some oromo blood line, he born in harerega and his son/ nephew “lij Daniel jote” is the ancient ethiopia patriots association president. Almoudi brought ras mesfin’s house before he built the Sheraton.
            he was the governor of “ambo” areas

          • Paulos

            Tedros,

            That is interesting and thank you for sharing.

          • Abi

            Paul
            Is there any subject matter you haven’t covered? I wish I was a reader. You will never find reading and Abi in the same book.

          • Paulos

            Abination,

            The sense of curiosity is in all of us but of course our interests vary where some of us discriminate between the bodies of knowledge and some of us don’t for reasons only known to each of us. The philosophy we live by to the very least ought to be never stop learning for there is nothing the human mind can not comprehend. It is a matter of trying hard and harder till we get it and say, aha! And that feeling is second to none.

    • Paulos

      Abination,

      Your over active imagination needs serious navigation because you are stirring to the land where nasty mushrooms and exotic leaves are grown. And of course, as you know they mess your brain up.

      • Abi

        Paul
        My GPS is calculating the scenic route . I hope this route will will help rehabilitate my messed up and over imaginative brain.