Thursday , January 27 2022
Home / Articles / Evaluating The Performance Of The ENCDC

Evaluating The Performance Of The ENCDC

Evaluation of the work of Eritrean National Democratic Council (ENCDC) up to the second regular meeting
Eritreans for Democracy, Justice and Equality (EDJE)


The ENCDC represents the last link in a long chain of developments achieved in the course of the Eritrean Opposition’s struggle to improve its mechanisms and capabilities. It was the culmination of the last Congress’ efforts in establishing a wider and more inclusive alliance compared to its precursors. Therefore, a national front was formed that embraced under its umbrella a variety of civil and political constituents on the basis of the consensual fundamental principles, general guidelines, work programs and structures adopted by the Congress.

Although the ENCDC is undisputedly considered a legitimate, hard-won achievement, it no doubt suffers from inherent defects as a consequence of the unhealthy power centred competitions that marred the process of its formation during the Congress, thus rendering it weak and incapacitated. It had suffered from shortcomings and flaws committed and accumulated throughout the stages prior to and during the Congress. This had been mainly due to the failure of the major players at the time to positively undertake their due roles in the preparation process for the Congress, while some of the groups had openly and unreservedly engaged in a blind pursuit of their respective narrow interests. Thus unleashing an unnecessary and untimely harmful power competition that had derailed and voided the whole process out of its main content and purpose of forging; consolidating and enhancing the nascent alliance that had been initiated in the previous Addis Conference between civil societies and political organisations for the purpose of effectively waging a more focused struggle to achieve the aspired democratic change.

The shortcomings of the Congress can mainly be attributed to the failures and the power struggles entailed in the process leading up to the Congress. As a consequence, a weak leadership emerged that fell far short of measuring up to the expectations to successfully accomplish the task of democratic change required. It is therefore understandable that its leadership that suffers inherent defects could not comprehend the magnitude of the required task and has been unable to rise up to the challenge of the new development and the serious demands that it entails.

The above statements notwithstanding, we accept that the ENCDC is a reality that acquired its legitimacy from the National Congress to represent the main Eritrean Opposition Forces. Thus, this critical evaluation that we have embarked on, in no way intends to dispute or undermine that fact but is meant to search for a way forward out of the difficult situation we are facing and to expedite the process as fast as possible out of the stagnancy prevailing now. This is not a task to be undertaken only by ENCDC members and leadership but by all concerned parties and individuals.

With the aforementioned understanding and in that line and context we would like to contribute our due share in the process hoping it will be helpful in serving and advancing the main goal of realising the aspired change.


Our aspirations of what the ENCDC should have achieved during its term were high and may have been a bit exaggerated so it becomes necessary to scale them down to more realistic levels that closely correspond to the nature and the capabilities of the current leadership. Despite taking into consideration the defects of the leadership, we still believe there should have been some reasonably achievable goals within the modest capacity of the current ENCDC. The main tasks that should have been accomplished during the elapsed period were to focus on establishing the basic building blocks of a parliamentary institution and democratic work-traditions as the basis for future organisational or state structures that function smoothly and democratically to effectively attain the desired goals. Though, these major tasks have been missed, we find it necessary not to drop them altogether, as these are prerequisites that must be duly met sooner or later. In our opinion, the ENCDC has basically been mandated and expected to have fulfilled the following major purposes or aims:

  • To foster and practice institutional work principles that should establish a work culture and tradition based on principles of institutionalism, democracy, transparency and accountability that facilitate the adopting and enhancing of parliamentary work norms and practices that can be applied consistently throughout all the activities of the ENCDC;
  • To instil a culture and establish procedures of effective accountability of those entrusted with the leadership;
  • To ensure that Committees and Leadership Teams are formed according to a criteria or policy that should be based on broad representation and proper reflection of the diversity, qualifications and work ability within the Council and its Leadership;
  • To strictly observe in close cooperation and coordination with its constituting components to promote the cause and realise the task of democratic change and to function on the basis of the principle of division and separation of powers and responsibilities;
  • To work and secure the support, gain the confidence and facilitate the active involvement of all concerned sectors of the Eritrean public from different walks of life in the process of democratic change;
  • To build and improve relations and establish effective and active communications with the outside world and work to gain more allies and supporters that would serve and support the just cause of our struggle for democratic change.
  • To accommodate and embrace all constituent groups within the new organisational structures thus ensuring the practical and voluntary realisation of empowerment of the ENCDC as the only legitimate national representative organ for all its members. The only way the ENCDC acquires and assumes that status is not by claiming it, but by gaining recognition and acknowledgment of all constituents by virtue of proving being more efficient and competent than any of its constituents.

Generally speaking, the ENCDC should function as a parliamentary institution mainly preparing legislations, setting programs and working plans based on the resolutions and recommendations of the National Congress and on adapting and responding to the conditions and the demands of the objective realities and necessities of the democratic change.

Furthermore, the Eritrean National Council for Democratic Change (ENCDC) should have strived to accomplish the following objectives and tasks:

  1. To draw the necessary bylaws and regulations that define organisational and work relations, set duties and functions of the Council and its Standing Committees (legislative) and the Executive organs.
  2. Set well studied and detailed work plans, policies and instructions for the Standing Committees and the Executive Committee to adopt and implement.
  3. Clearly determine the work and organisational relationships between the ENCDC and its constituents, EDA, non EDA political organisations, civil societies and non-affiliated individuals and public. Based on these clearly defined relationships and functions the ENCDC and the Executive Committee would draw the boundaries between their tasks and those of other constituents. Thus avoid unnecessary competitions and interferences, an important prerequisite for embarking upon the reorganising and mobilising work that it needs to carry out among its constituents.
  4. Scrutinises, supervises and if necessary enforces its monitoring power over the work and decisions of Executive Committee.
  5. Elects qualified members for the Executive Committee posts.
  6. Establishes Standing Committees to be assigned with special tasks.
  7. Supervises and follows the Council’s different committees.
  8. Manages and oversees the financial policy through an audit to ensure that all resources must be effectively utilised to serve the major task of changing the regime in Eritrea and establishing a democratic alternative.
  9. Complete and activate all structures within the ENCDC (e.g. Standing Committees) and see to it that they perform their functions properly as defined by the General Bylaws.

It would not be a secret disclosed in stating that most or all of the above mentioned tasks have not been accomplished. To the utter dismay and confound of all concerned, the members of ENCDC leadership have been completely oblivious of their responsibilities or incapable of effectively executing the mandated duties. They even failed to complete the structures of the Standing Committees and activate them to do the minimum tasks required up to now.

During the elapsed year that span to cover the entire first half of ENCDC’s term; the Council has hastily managed to stage up two meetings. The first, the inauguration meeting just immediately after its formation at the end of the National Congress that lasted only long enough to nominate the members of the Executive Committee before members hurriedly packed to return to their original destinations leaving the main task of properly preparing and setting the necessary work plans, programs and legislative guidelines for both authorities and for the period to come suspended and completely unattended.

The ENCDC met once again as scheduled after a year-long idle and unproductive period. That was a year devoid of any meaningful contribution where time and opportunities were squandered except for a few unsuccessful, contradictory and half finished attempts made by the Executive Office. It was hopefully and logically expected that such an unacceptable situation would prompt a strong urge to find out what has gone wrong and address that satisfactorily. It was required to start a fresh attempt with a new spirit and vigour to compensate for the lost time and properly utilise the remaining half term left in a better way. But again nothing serious has come out of that meeting to the effect of completely revising and addressing the past failures and properly setting future work plans and actions. A lot of time was wasted as usual in attending recurrent logistic problems and in reading tediously long reports of presumed carried activities apparently in an attempt to cover up and justify the inactivity rather than really relating substantiated tangible activities. The rest of the time was squandered in squabbles and polemics around Qernelios’ issue that led to the build-up of unnecessary tensions, showdowns and disputes about how to deal with the controversy that was untimely and irresponsibly invoked. Exposing the fragile and weak ENCDC to more complications and consequent repercussions it was unprepared for.

Having said that, the question of taking disciplinary measures against Qernelios was essential for any organisation that respects itself and its history and is deeply concerned about the people’s feelings and reactions. As to what should have been the proper measure? That was unfortunately the difficult and challenging question and predicament that the ENCDC completely failed in unanimously and satisfactorily tackling in a united form and stand.

This is a shocking reminder that has clearly shown how staggeringly weak our progress towards unity has been and how deep our differences are about reading our history! The ENCDC’s incapability and shortcomings have not only been displayed by actions of unjustifiably squandering valuable time in a merry-go-round of arguments basically not with the purpose of reaching a satisfactory agreement around an issue but to score points and impose one’s convictions and opinions on the other as in the volatile case of Qernelios. It is also shown by the repeated utter failure of not addressing important duty arrears that piled up in the course of time. Which are the formulation and adoption of internal bylaws to regulate and define the Council’s work relations with the Executive Committee and its different constituents and the setting of work plans for the Executive Committee to implement in the coming period without which the Council cannot logically exercise its duty of scrutiny and evaluation demanded?

The National Council instead of devoting all its effort in the development of this institution and promoting that to a real democratic alternative to the dictatorial regime by adopting and fostering a democratic work tradition, instilling mutual respect between the different components, transparency and accountability as a means to perfect the performance to realize the ultimate goal and interests of the people, the raison d’être of the Council. It tended to act to the contrary in displaying a prominent phenomenon that characterized the Council’s performance in the previous term since its configuration which can not be attributed to a power struggle factor alone, although it is one of its manifestations. That is the lack of a sense of responsibility, respect for the laws and abiding by them and the abuse of power to perpetuate exclusion and impose domination to the degree that rendered the Council to lose its credibility and legal prestige that supposedly was to be preserved and respected as everyone has participated in the formation and formulation of these regulating legislations. A fact that clearly demonstrates that there are other factors behind this behavior that is contradictory to the slogan of “democratic change” !!

However, what can not be understood or accepted is to have our behavior as an Opposition Camp, resemble in any way to that of the Regime that we are fighting against and to primarily change and uproot the mentality of domination, exclusion and assimilation that characterizes it! Thus we lose the justification, cause and legitimacy of our reason of existence gained through assuming the role of being totally different to the dictatorial regime and as owners of an alternative national project for democratic change.

We believe that the reason for this behavior is deeply rooted in the past. This might have stemmed from cycles of Eritrean conflicts since the forties and until the reign of the national state and a multitude of occurrences in between. The loss of trust between the various factions that characterized that period is still the dominant behavior reflected in the relationships of the opposition factions and forces even today. We consider that as a factor that explains the paradox existing between the objectives and the practical means to apply them! It is also one of the main factors that threaten the national unity project which in the first place is based on confidence and trust building measures necessary to achieve the aspired goal of the opposition forces to overthrow the regime and to realize a peaceful coexistence compatible with the democratic alternative we look forward to establish. Therefore, we believe that the matter of mutual trust and confidence should be given the due attention and  seriousness it deserves in order to resolve and clear it from all erroneous attempts made in the past, and that led to the confusion and failures that we are suffering from now. Without doing that it will always remain a stumbling block in the way of any desired change and in the realization of peaceful coexistence.

We note clearly that this dominant trend has expressed itself in several manifestations, such as:

a)    Harboring a prior intention not to respect the Fundamental By-Laws and conventions that have been adopted at the conference and that mainly due to lack of confidence and fear of the other.

b)   Purposely opting not to activate proper channels of communication and meetings between the two bodies and the various Council committees which has impacted negatively on the tasks to be accomplished. Any task is usually evaded by adjourning that to coming periodic Council meetings for consideration. This is a delay tactic to gain more time for the interests of individual parties at the expense of the others.

c)    Lack of a mechanism to carry out everyday tasks as a result of the absence of organizational relationships and the overlap between the roles and responsibilities of the legislative and executive leadership of the Council and its various committees on the one hand and between the membership of the Council and the public on the other.

d)   The constantly on going power struggle and the continuous and intentional breach of the by-laws without taking into account the negative consequences of such behavior.

e)    The total neglect and absence of communication with the public to enable mobilize and channel their effort to activate the performance of the National Council as the main partner and effective tool in the democratization process.

Additionally, certain other problems have negatively affected the performance of the ENCDC:

–   One stumbling problem that stood in the way of the Executive to properly function could be attributed to the existence of conflict of interests as most of the executive offices are headed by persons who also occupy executive posts in their respective organisations. This is in clear contradiction with the Fundamental By-Laws of ENCDC, a fact that hinders them from devoting all the time and effort needed to perform their mandated duties within the ENCDC Executive Committee only.

–   The Chairman of the Executive Office was unable to communicate properly with other executive members. Not complying with democratic procedures and practices, he had taken a series of conflicting decisions with the consent of whoever few were present in Addis Ababa at the time instead of consulting all or the majority of members as required. Like the case of the controversial decisions concerning the role of executive members in supervising the formation process and heading the Regional Committee work later. A number of instructions have been issued in this respect. These contradictory instructions created more confusion and differences as to how the committees were to be formed. Thus they were established in different ways in the different regions depending on which of the decisions had been followed.

–  Generally speaking the performance of the Executive leadership has not been in any way better than its counterpart in the Council leadership. The result was the current stalemate that slumped down the ENCDC bringing it finally to a standstill.


The national necessity deems that all partners in the struggle for democratic change should cooperate together, each part doing its bit, avoiding any petty distractions that divert the focus or deter from achieving the main goal of changing the regime. Thus, as it is a duty of every one concerned, we find ourselves obliged to suggest a way out of the current problem.

  1. As the ENCDC (the Council & Executives) has proved beyond reasonable doubt to be incapable of executing the mandated tasks it is time to call for a national Congress to be held soon.
  2. A Preparatory Committee to be formed for that purpose. This is to be in coordination and consultation with all concerned parties and on the basis of a democratic and transparent process.
  3. Adopting a clear policy and criteria for candidacy that will guarantee:
  • Fair and inclusive participation,
  • Proper qualifications and political work experience,
  • Positive personal record of active involvement, clear stands against the regime and devotion for the cause of the struggle for democratic change that ENCDC stands for.
  1. The ENCDC while facilitating the work of the Preparatory Committee for the National Congress, should attend to its mandated tasks as far as it possibly can, be alert and prepared if necessary to call for an emergency Congress to deal with serious  developments as deemed necessary by the urgency of the eventual situation.
  2. The ENCDC in coordination with the Preparatory Committee should seek the assistance of professionals and experts to help in the preparation of documents and case studies necessary to facilitate a smooth and organized approach towards the Congress.
  3. The Preparatory Committee to work independently within the guidelines and purpose set out during its formation and in full coordination with all concerned particularly the ENCDC and its relevant bodies.
  4. The ENCDC  and the preparatory Committee should provide proposals for:

a-    Clear cut work and organisational relationship proposals or studies that define and regulate the relations between the ENCDC and its constituents, EDA, non EDA political organisations, civil societies, non-affiliated individuals and public. A problem that had been left undefined and unresolved which has been a cause for speculation, confusion and unnecessary competitions and interferences.

b-   Clearly define the organisation structure and nature of the ENCDC. Whether it is a parliamentary coalition between completely independent organisations or blocs and alliances of organisations and works as a parliament? Or is it a new organisation that merges and replaces all former constituents that agreed to join it not permitting for constituent organisations or blocs to continue functioning as independent entities outside it? A question to be clearly answered.

c-    To consider all other unclear relations that contributed to the failure of the ENCDC as the adoption of policy of nomination and candidacy with the proportions to be allotted to political organisations and to civilians and civil societies etc. lacked in past experience.


Despite all the failures mentioned we believe that the ENCDC is an appreciated national achievement that all concerned have dearly invested in and are keen to preserve and develop further. Objectively analysing and criticising the defects and shortcomings is a necessary step in a problem solving process. Scrutinising, evaluating and openly criticising the work of our organisations which are in the public domain and concern should be a tradition and a norm to follow and foster as a culture in order to improve future performances of such establishments. It would be more effective and purposeful when the objects of criticism appreciate and positively respond to the effect of mending and improving their activities including the addressed public.

Therefore, this is a modest attempt from our part contributing our share in the task of identifying and searching for durable solutions to our chronic problems with the intention and purpose to avoid or mend the damage and help to break the vicious circle of continuously repeating old mistakes. We as usual have tried to be as accurate and objective as possible in our evaluation expressed as our opinion but we are also aware that it is difficult to completely exclude judgment errors or subjectivity and we cannot exclusively claim too that the asserted opinions are the only version of the truth or the whole truth.

Date: 10/04/2013

About EDJE

Check Also

Hafeez Saaddin Mohamed Badlay: a tribute

Grief struck the Eritrean community in Melbourne following the sudden death of Hafeez Saaddin Mohamed …

  • Ram Sack

    It is very intersting attempt to evaluate a dream, but not the real Eritrean National Council for Democratic Change which is just a baby, one year old. I would like you be courageous enough to interview all the stakeholders and in particular the leadership of the Council, Executive committee, standing committees and Regional Chair persons Regional Administration. ENCDC is a good model for a long, long, and long struggle, coordination, understanding and democratisation of peoples mind and soul.At least the founding fathers should be apprecaited for initiating it.

  • L.T

    The only way to get rid out Weyane from this earth we need just little insulting word fm us is to say like this”I like to eat pasta becouse I am a copy twins of Italiano and I will be sure like Singahpore next 2015.
    I have said already before like you back home a year ago like”Yemane Monaky,Yemane Charlie,Kisha Hagos,Wedi Medhn Berad and Tekle Manjus,Gen wedi Habtesluss,Fana risi Feres,Ali Abdu Irak…….boys have to say just notic that but Ha le wlew?I think we can learn from our brothers fm north Ethiopia ofcours if there are little knowledge there.

    • Tamrat Tamrat

      Dear L.T, suppose eplf used an expensive and resky project and succeded to let a beautiful spy girl to marry one of strong man of derg. The girl couldnt make miracle in few days so more waiting and more investing. And let us assume that the girl changed mind, blessed her marriage With heart, used all her knowladge and made a huge destruction on eplf, had children from the general and continued her New and Reach life.

      This is waht happened With eplf and tplf. When eplf used meles in 1974 derg has done nothing wrong yet. Derg and meles started their movements at the same time. Considering tigray, derg had done great, took the land from the land lord to the mass, killed ‘showa amharas’ (at least tplf’s meles and shabia wish was fulfilled), tigrigna radio program started, equality of women, etc. derg killed eprp People, and tplf too.

      The expensive spye of eplf was used to mobilize tigrians theough the organization tplf created by eplf. More tigrians than eritreans perished in the struggel to ‘liberate’ Eritrea. After 1991 meles and tplf ‘joined’ ethiopia in its own strange way, and used their knowladge to put eplf where it is now. tplf knows about shabia more than any organized Group on Earth NeXT to eplf itself. The crime meles, tplf, eplf on tigray People is left for history because stil the majority of tigirnas believe meles went to armstuggel to stop the derg’s oppressing tigray.

  • T..T.

    This weekend’s ELF/EPLF veterans ILAL/Dardasha looked at ELF and Isayas Goals. It wasn’t an inside out discussion to identify the specifics or the critical success factors of the goals. Anyway, the main points can be summarized as follows:

    While the ELF busied itself with breaking down its goals into elements of Eritrea today and Eritrea tomorrow, Isayas depended only on solo goal of having dedicated followers to defeat his adversary. His adversary was the ELF and not the Derg. That is why Isayas was in adversarial relationship with those (the ELF) he was supposed to cooperate for the good of common goals, like hastening the demise of the enemy. The Derg read the adversarial relationship of Isayas with the ELF as a rejection of Eritreans or as a tendency toward Ethiopianism. And that worked for him to get his insiders into Derg.

    The question is not whether the Eritrean National Democratic Council (ENCDC) can have solo goal of removing Isayas without subgoals for Eritrea tomorrow but the ability of having dedicated people who can play unclean politics or games. Isayas used to prey on weak points of the ELF, liking bribing the Sudanese authority to divert ELF’s property to his camps or taking over unsynchronized missions irrespective whether the ELF mission was to feed or protect the Eritrean people. Isayas never shied/shies away to cooperate with any, even with the devil, to get rid of his target (internal or external). Is ENCDC ready to go that far to achieve its solo goal of removing Isayas? Just simple and clear goal – the achievability of the goal depends on the dedication of those involved.

    • L.T

      Selam T.T;
      I read the manifesto”Nhna N Ealaman”first on for 10 yrs ago and I couldn’t find any wrong on that.Isaias and Tewelde Iyob wrote it.
      ELF helped you to start your struggale fully by all her energy and EPLF also were by your side all the way to Addis Abeba.
      We have bring our beloved nation by our blood and will protect by all mains.So now,you have got your freedom and if I say great Tigria in your side and do you wish for own land and people.We have nothing in any time to do with your Tigria.
      I speak Tigringa and so Sweden,Norway and Danmark are too.French were with Britsh in TWW to fight Hitler but are two nation hade a common enemay and we have also Dergue Junta and this chapter are ended 1991.

      I am a proud Eritrean and never and ever can any body to stop me to love my country and its people.

  • EN

    Good assessment. thank you.
    Back in November, I sent this letter to as many Bayto members I can in order to influence the 2012 meeting for the better. I wrote it in memo form so some may not ignore it as it may appear as an officail talking point or agenda. In retrospect, I should have posted online for all to see since it did not have any impact. Enjoy.

    2012 Annual ENCDC (Bayto) Meeting Agenda Items

    TO: To Whom It May Concern
    FROM: Concerned Eritrean from North America (EN)
    DATE: November 19, 2012

    I highly recommend and encourage that the following items are discussed during the upcoming Annual Bayto meeting.

    1. ENCDC Bayto accomplishments:
    How come Bayto accomplished nothing in the last year? The ENCDC Commission was able to organize the biggest Eritrean Congress ever in just one year and yet Bayto has done nothing the entire year. See the following tasks defined on Hige Hinsta (Bylaw) for all the tasks Bayto was supposed to work on:
    a. Article 20 – Bayto’s tasks,
    b. Article 27 – Bayto’s Chairman’s tasks,
    c. Article 38 – Bayto’s Laws and Constitution Committee tasks,
    d. Article 40 – Bayto’s Women and Children Committee tasks,
    e. Article 42 – Bayto’s Research and Economy Committee tasks,
    f. Article 44 – Bayto’s Human Rights and Freedom Committee tasks,
    g. Article 46 – Bayto’s Refugee Committee tasks,
    h. Article 48 – Bayto’s National Reconciliation and Unity Committee tasks,
    i. Article 54 – Executive Committee’s Tasks
    j. Article 50 – Executive Members’ Role in achieving the tasks assigned on Article 54. And the leadership identified in Article 50 – Chairman, Vice Chairman, Secretary, and Committee leaders of Finance, Foreign Affairs, Recruitment, Media, Military and Security, Youth and Students, Women.

    2. Bayto’s and Executive Committee’s Failed Work Arrangement:
    What was Bayto’s and the Executive Committee’s work arrangement? How come Bayto and Executive Committee expect to accomplish anything by meeting only once a year for Bayto and twice a year for the Executive Committee? What were the Zoba’s doing the whole year anyway? Executive Committee is supposed to be working (executing) and meeting all the time not twice a year. Article 51 states that members of the Executive committee must be working FULL TIME and only on the BAYTO TASKS. How come many of them are trying to juggle between their leadership role in their own political organization and their Executive Committee responsibility? Would this dilemma ultimately make the Executive Committee and the Bayto unworkable or failure?

    3. Bayto Wasted the Energy and Momentum Generated at the Congress:
    How come Bayto wasted the success and expectations of the ENCDC Congress 2011? The Eritrean people were excited and euphoric, and the expectation was very high. Bayto extinguish the fire and the energy of the Eritrean people in Eritrea and outside Eritrea at the successful conclusion of the Congress.

    4. Bayto Wasted Commission Created Structure – Organizations, Funding, etc:
    How come Bayto wasted the various organizations that were created all over the world by the ENCDC Commission? There were hundreds of committees created all over the world; they have raised so much money for the Congress; they recruited and enlisted so many members, etc. For example, North America raised over $70,000 for the Congress. All the structure was allowed to disappear once Bayto was created. Why? The members could have been the source of funds for various Bayto tasks, for refugees, and for various Political activities to mobilize our people.

    5. Bayto’s Military Committee
    How come the ENCDC Charter clearly defines the need to unite the military wing of all the political organizations and yet the Hige Hinsta (Bylaw) does not mention the military at all. In fact, shouldn’t there be a committee on Article 34 for a Military Committee?

    6. ENCDC Congress November 2013
    The next congress is supposed to be one year away. There will be election for new Bayto. I have a feeling this Bayto and Executive Committee are not going to make it happen. First, they have shown they can’t do anything by looking at their track record in the last 12 months, and second why would they work to replace themselves. It is obvious unless the Bayto and the Executive Committee are effective the following 12 months I have no doubt they will be replaced by a more energetic and committed new members. They will be replaced by new members who are feeling the pain of the Eritrean people.

    7. Bayto Must Plan to Be More Inclusive:
    One weakness of the current Bayto arrangement is that there is no ability to expand the Bayto to include other opposition political and civil groups. I recommend that Bayto find a way to create an ability to be inclusive of the other Eritrean democrats who wants to see the end of the suffering of the people of Eritrea. We may have to wait until the next congress but ground work should begin to unify all Eritreans who believe in democratic principles.

    8. Change in Eritrea is Coming:
    With or without Bayto change is going to come to Eritrea. Whether the change will be as a result of a deliberate coup or natural death no one knows. But I feel Bayto is not ready for the change. History will pass by this Bayto and instead of being a catalyst for change Bayto will be standing with the audience as a spectator. There is good possibility that an “Eritrean Derg” will surface and will extend the suffering of the Eritrean people.

  • Alhagiga

    It is quite interesting,and fair to same degree , however one should also be realistic,the difficulties and the challenges that confronts the Organization is also enormous,beginning from financial limitations the Ethiopians puts on the organization and unnecessary interventions from the EDA,it seems to me we have two political bodies,standing shoulder to shoulder to do the same job.
    When the idea of the conference was discussed among the opposition at the beginning, it was made out of conscious acknowledgement,that they have failed to gain public support,despite the public opposing the regime,the conference was a necessary to bring civil societies,women and the youth to one umbrella organization,and to work together,and their work should compliment each other,instead of competing against each other,however it seems to me,the outcome of the conference, neither it satisfied the Ethiopians which they had individuals in mind to lead the organization,nor it satisfied same ambitious EDA members.
    I believe until we start supporting ENCDC or any opposition financially,we will not be able to control our destiny,it is simply unrealistic to expect Ethiopia to finance our struggle and not to have a say in very important issues,the issue of leadership is also of paramount importance in any revolution,Eritrea is yet to find one,outside religious,tribal and regional considerations,a young educated,liberal minded which can guide Eritrea to 21century,to lift us out of our cynicism and jaded negativity .

    • Tamrat Tamrat

      Bravo alhagiga!
      Eris oppostions are like a dreamer in a big supper market that some body picks all his Food items he wishes to buy and brings it With a wagon in front of the casheri and pays the bill and pat him on his shoulder ‘i know what it it like’.

  • Hagos Berahne

    He guys! who are u? where were u all this time? Now to be mister nice GUY!
    what different did you wrote other than the ENCDC’s roadmap, politcal charter and draft of constitution and so on. Why don’t you give hand to what is already established(ENCDC) and harness it instead of criticizing and be an obstacle to the situation. Please keep shut your big mouth and join the existed one.


    Dear Awateians,

    I sent this article to Yemane monkey & he made his response in a Tigrinya poem form…first in English he said..he wishes that all who follow awate,Asmarino & Assenna websites drop dead and then continued his tigrinya poem by saying,

    ¨ላም ኣላትኒ ኣብ ሰማይ ፣ጸብኣ ዘይርኣይ
    ላም ኣለችኝ በሰማይ ፣ወተትዋም ኣላይ (ብቛንቋ ጸላኢ)¨

    ቼል ቼል ቼል ሁ ሜረ ኣቲ
    ሰብ ባንግላዴሽ ተቛጻጺርናዮ መንግስቲ
    ሰብ ተምቤን ዘውድና ብርስቲ
    ኤርትራ ንኤርትራውያን ዕላል ናየንስቲ
    ኮይኑ ተሪፉ ምስ ናይ ጀብሃ ጽንቲ
    ኣየ ህዝቢ ,ኣየ ንቑሕ ትምህርቲ
    ጥይት ዝእክብ ደርብዩ ሕብስቲ
    ክብስብስዩ ከም ፒሳ/PIZZA ናይ ሳልስቲ !!!!!
    ብዓል ኪዳን ሰራሕቲ ኣስተርእዮ
    ብዓል ንኢሳያስ ብ-CYBER DOSHKA ስሒተዮ
    ንተኽለ ማንጁስ ብ tweeter kalashin ዳርጋ ጨሚተዮ
    ንስብሓት ኤፍሬም ብFACEBOOK ብሬን almost ኣቝሲለዮ
    ንጀነራል ወልደፊሊጶስ ብናይ YOU TUBE ህጁም ሕንቲኽቲኽ ኢለዮ
    ከምዚ ጌርካ መንግስቲ ክግልበጥስ ጽባሕ ንጉሆ ንርእዮ
    መንግስቲ ኢትዮጵያ እንተወጠረና ዓሰብ ጌርና ነሕውዮ
    ሕጂኮ ወያነ ኣይኮነን ስልጣን ህግደፍ ዘሳስዮ
    ደቁን ኣሕዋቱን ዘጥፍኤ ኣሜሪካ ይኽሓሶ,HOT DOG የብልዓዮ !!!!

    ኢሉ የማነ ማንኪ ፣እቲ ጨካንን ዘሕንኽን ግጥሙ ደምዲሙ፣
    ናይ ብሓቂ ህበይ
    ማለትሲ እተን ኣሓ ወሲዶመን እምበር፣ጸርፍስ ዝገደፍናሎም የብልናን።


      ሕጂኮ ወያነ ኣይኮነን ስልጣን ህግደፍ ዘሳስዮ wrong & should be read as
      ሕጂኮ ወያነ ኣይኮነን ስልጣን ኢህወደግ ዘሳስዮ

      thank you.

      • haile


        weyane Ehwedeg hgdef kulum hade…aTal dembena emee kubluwen tekel rekibna’ko!

      • Cybercure

        Respected awate staff….please allow my new nick name ¨cyber cure¨,to be established & baptised..No more Yugoslavo-Eritrean. The latter was meant to accellerate change of terrorist govt. before it makes it yugoslavia.
        However ,cyber cure could not be misunderstood & with your blessing ..I would like to keep it.
        thank you

    • HGDEF

      You forgott that you are also one of the cyber heros. Maybe you are Adiwueil in your life. But sowing hatred abomng people using the internet.

      • Cybercure

        [Moderator: you are still doing it, you put “M. Habte aka cyber cure.” For the last time we have changed your nick on our time. Please use “Cybercare” consistently. It shouldn’t be difficult to stick to one nick.]

        Respected HGDEF,

        I am not the HGDEF ,I do not have hatred against people. I live to kill ideas that disunite..not people ,but ,thanks for the concern/


  • Hayat Adem

    I have read the editorial [Moderator: it is not an editorial, it is an article by EDJE]. I have akso discussed it with friends who read it. There were some who were very uncomfortable with it. One who read it upon my request was really offended. She thought it would be damaging the opposition sprit. She said, [translated from Tigrigna] “…this is unnecessary, unhelpful and unsubstantiated.” I argued against her two points and could not argue against the third. We parted in disagreement, sort of bitter. I don’t know why political discussions tend to get tense in our discourses. Although I have no way of confirming or falsifying the stated weaknesses allegedly described to be belonging to the ENCDC, I thought the editorial sounds a well considered yet critical commentary. This kind of watching eyes are needed in our case. There was a quote from fascist Mussolini I read somewhere. Someone questioned Mussolini why he had to over-deploy so much firepower and armed-to-teeth soldiers to invade a country with under-armed and untrained peasant warriors of Abyssinia. To that Mussolini said, “Italy can’t afford another defeat. If I’ve to sin I shall sin the sin of excess.” We can’t afford another defeat or dictatorship as Eritreans. So even if there a bit of unbalances here and there, and I’m not saying I caught some in this editorial, we should be happy to see excess checks and criticisms than to see none. We should not forget how blank checks are more dangerous than exggerated criticisms. And Awate team is usually on the mark when it produces its observations and views. le bego naw, yblu amharu. Thanks A.T.

    • awatestaff


      “Evaluating the Performance of the ENCDC” is not an awate editorial (Pencil.) It is an article by an organization called EDJE: Eritreans for Democracy, Justice & Equality. Who are they? This is how they introduced themselves in October 2011:


      • Hayat Adem

        Sorry and thanks for correcting my attribution, Moderator. Re-addressed to the author (EDJE), the message still holds.

  • Tamrat Tamrat

    If we follow Our history, the world around and the west policy on the horn then the orgnizations that cooperate With the west which takes Power after isayas specially taking the Money and the time the west invested in the region. But that doesnt mean the best solution for at least all of us. Mean while both shabians and woyanes would continue to milk the no war no Peace idiiotic policy of theirs for their regime as free fuel targeting for ever. If 15 years out of 22 is not forever then what is forever then! The length of the time is differ where we are situated in regard to how the effect of the policy is treating us. A Young girl who run away from Sawa and end up in Sinai, the Young children of the generals of pfdj, the mass in Eritrea waiting if tomorrow brings better condition.

    Now or in the near futuer the so called super altera eritrean nationalists and scholars must see a common solution which help both the majority of eritrean and ethiopians by taking alternative solution like ‘sea acess for peace’. the see Access must be free from which ever government takes over both in Eritrea and ethiopia. A United Afar state is the naturl solution.

  • tesfa yohannes

    sometimes it is hard to be the judge and the jury. In the case of Kirnelose you are the promotors of Awate being an icon. Kirnelose can oppose it now or even after liberation.but there is no reason for him or anybody else that could be kicked from any organization because of his views unless there is an article in the bylaws of the organization.

    • awatestaff


      It appears that you are misunderstanding our position.

      1. We are not the sole promoters of awate as an icon; He was an icon long before we started writing. Decades before. Decades ago when Kerenelios was doing God-knows-what.
      2. Kernelios was in a leadership position (mostly because the Eritrean opposition welcomes everybody–something they should seriously reconsider).
      3. When you are a leader, and you say things that your followers do not like, they have the democratic right to say, “we don’t want you leading us anymore.” It is called a confidence vote and those whom he aspired to lead had no confidence in him and his judgement.
      4. For us at, it was a simple matter of, “we have no confidence on the man and his judgement.” There were many leaders that did not violate the bylaws or charter but lost the confidence of other Eritreans who said, “they can’t lead us” and they went away quietly.
      5. He was 100% sure that he was untouchable because he was treated like a favored warlord by the Ethiopians. He was wrong: because, weak as the Eritrean opposition is, it will still say, “enough!” of important issues. That was an important issue. Defying the will of the majority of the Eritrean opposition would have set a terrible and irreversible precedent.


  • Mihre

    How can you evaluate something that doesnt exist? or exists in name only?

  • Zegeremo

    It is not you; it is the Kool-Aid.


    • Zegeremo

      Pleas disregard.

  • Tamrat Tamrat

    Read the article first!

  • The problems and crisis is acute. To resolve it there must be political and social awakening, reform, a renewal, and a revolution — in the true literal sense — in our way of progressive thinking. What the current state of despair and confusion .Everywhere we turn, we see Eritreans oppressed, suffering and struggling.Ordinary Eritrean had to die in droves, Family grieving for a son killed or disappeared and Generations of Eritrean have paid with their lives.
    Many of us are wondering, why is this happening to us? We failed to realize. We didn’t know then what we know today, many were implicated in the criminality of DIA’s regime. Our greatest miscalculation and misjudgment was in hoping that Eritrean’s old guard leaders would act for the collective Eritrea good and more equitable order was not on the agenda in Eritrea.
    Eritrea is coming to near end of epoch of its short historic cycle the likes of many civilisation that has experienced many times before us. Eritrean writers and thinkers of the new generations will emerge to carry out the fundamental reform as to the way of reading the modern political and social texts in a spirit of renewal of solidarity, fraternity, honesty, inclusiveness and courage. Women and men who embody a reform of true consciences that resists the dehumanisation of their fellow being, who refuse to accept the world as it is presented by DIA and cruel regime, and who commit genuinely themselves to reform in their mind, hearts and societies, not by accepting and adapting to what they have become, but by changing and transforming them and leading them to what they must become, in equality, fairness, freedom, dignity and peace. Political Ideas are not constrained by frontiers or borders. Young Eritreans are not constrained by the prejudices of old men and old political system.

  • T..T.

    Sometimes there are offers that you can’t refuse because, as the Eritrean Kebesa mothers say “It not as you want but what the market offers you.” Great of EDJE to appreciate what the Eritrean political arena offers. Every member of ENCDC has right to express its/his/her worldviews so long they are not imposed on the other members. Knowing that such imposition is nothing but grounds for difference that may fuel conflicts among the members, it is better to be flexible and tolerant.

    Your proposed changes depend on ENCDC capacities of processing changes. I mean there must be some kind of infrastructure rather than structure that allows such changes within reasonable time. At least to make things acceptable to me, let me add, what about organizational reform through minimum uniformity in the structure of each member using “NO ORGANZATION/INDIVIDUAL LEFT BEHIND IN AWARENESS AND TRAINING” based on evaluations and recommendations made by an office authorized/empowered to do so. Remember, we are not seeking to create a rigid system that does not consider flexibility as a twin of accountability. No growth without learning; and no learning without making mistakes.