Inform, Inspire, Embolden. Reconcile!

ELL Document (II): The Blamed. The Prototype. The Bipolar

ABSTRACT

In this article, I intend to do four things:

(a) Defend the position of the Tigrigna elite in our struggle by arguing that their missteps be excused for reasons of the “Ethio-Fixation Disorder” (EFD).

(b) Touch on the argument that the Eritrean struggle is a package of good and bad and that no Eritrean (lowlander or highlander) can claim the former and walk away cleared of the latter.

(c) Test the waters for approaching the concern of the “prototype lowlander” embedded in the ELL’s Wathiqa that I touched on in the previous article. How the ELL perceives and accommodates the profile of this “prototype lowlander” is what will make or break its ability to recreate the success stories mentioned in the document.

(d) Try to convince you that Eritrea has only on ethnic group that fits the linguistic definition.

I have added a few spices so that the text would not be boring. Hence, no need to be mad if some of the spices sting, wash up and take the underlying argument. The idea is for the reader to be fired up and passionate – not to insult.

THE BLAME

This is not a conversation about Tigrigna people and no generalization is implied, so unless you are one of the specific individuals I have chosen to call “Tigrigna elite” please stay out of it. I do not know if I am repeating myself here but challenge me on this if you will: Tigrigna is one of the few languages whose dictionary does not have a word for “imagination”. The closest that a Tigrigna (or non-Tigrigna) ever came to introducing a word for ‘imagination’ was President Isaias Afwerki in one of his speeches in the 1990s where he borrowed the word “re’ay” from Arabic (not to be confused with “opinion” in Arabic). If you were in Asmara at the time as I was, you must have seen how the new discovery and the ability to see beyond your nose and beyond what is obvious and tangible was like “Baby – Learning – Talking”. People used the word on every occasion. Shopkeepers woke up speaking about new things, bartenders switched to Heineken, wives chopped Mulukhia for SalaTa, children started to dream, civil servants met to plan, and newspapers used it more often than the articles in the language. Helen Meles made a beautiful song out of it with “Ayney firfir ila … re’ay tera’eyuni” and we danced. I think the President’s genius was in that he was able to introduce a word that defines “imagining” in terms of “seeing”, which helped spread the word in a culturally consumable form.

This did not last long however. Through time, as everything was bleached out of influences from non-Tigrigna enablers of the contagion, Eritrea became what people could see and touch. Poets went back to describing rocks and mountains, the media saturated with pictures of “tcheguar danga” killing “tcheguar danga”, planners stuck on the idea of digging the same hole a little deeper, farting jokes came back to life, and the President a weekly guest at the Martyrs cemetery laying flowers on veterans dying of heart attack. In the 1940s and 50s, imagining independence was more complicated than nuclear physics for even the highly educated among the Tigrigna elite. They went with what they could touch and they touched all of us in the process. When they decided to make revolution against the Italians, the British and later others, they emulated the Shifta in the neighborhood and that was as far as their eye could see. Today, when all Eritreans are squeezing their brains to find a way out of the hole, “tsemam Hanti derfu” has two fixations “Ethiopia” and “Ethiopia”. Do you still blame them?

It was only since the ELF fighters became a reality that, the eye could see in the neighborhood, that fairness should hold Tigrigna elites responsible for choosing otherwise. Not surprisingly, when that did happen, they actually chose the ELF and fought tooth and nail to the end. When the ELF was locked in endless proposals to adopt samples from every revolutionary corner on the planet, for even the most enlightened Tigrigna elite it was Chinese in Alebu. The dumbest of lowlanders came up with Algeria for a change. The most genius among the Tigrigna elite came up with Ethiopian Tewahdo church politics. That was as far as they could “imagine” (in their own way). I bet you, if it were not for thousands of great lowlanders from top to bottom in the ranks of the EPLA, the EPLF would have ended in the early 1980s for lack of imagination or regressed into a Shifta nation as it finally did.

THE PROTOTYPE

Lowlanders produced (or were key players in) every great idea in the EPLF (and every dumb one – apologies!), cooked every crooked trick and wrote every little booklet that enlightened Eritreans during the armed struggle. Lowlanders were never invited guests and strangers in “the EPLF since its inception”. They were the engineers who designed and ran every aspect of the experience for good and bad. They died in thousands to make the Eritrean dream come true and they (along with highlanders) are the story of the Eritrean armed struggle from A to Z. If as the ELL’s Wathiqa claims, the EPLF had crazy ideas “since its inception”, not the obsessively compulsive fixations who would copy the one-trick-pony across the border on every occasion but some imaginatively lunatic lowlander was responsible. I am not saying this in order to diminish the role that the Tigrigna elite have played in our history. They have throughout history burned as fuel for the adventures of others and I have no doubt they will continue to do so (we appreciate!). We have seen what happened to post-independence Eritrea once they tried an original idea, so pray to the Lord to continue to bless them with the wisdom to listen to others. Ameen!

My primary concern in this article is actually not with Tigrigna stuff but with the attempt of overwhelming orientations (as reflected in the ELL’s Wathiqa), to excuse lowlanders from responsibility towards what presumably went wrong in the Eritrean story and to wash their hands clean. It is possible that many (if not all) the authors of the Wathiqa and current followers of the ELL, probably had nothing to do with the EPLF as most might be remnants of old Jebha and many might never have caught up to the idea that the Eritrean armed struggle did not end in 1982. It is understandable that the Tigrigna elite had the mechanical majority of followers to do what they do best and dwarf the rest with trademark deformity, hence the presumption that they were to blame. It is also plausible that the whole thing was wrong, overwhelmed, stolen and taken over. It is, however, not understandable why any lowlander would reward the pseudo-fascists rewriting our history by conspiring to erase so many heroic faces from the narrative.

Do not get me wrong with the “remnants of old Jebha”. The ELF will always remain high as the record of exceptional Eritrean heroes who imagined the alternative, manufactured the dream when there was no room for one and rocked the foundations of occupation by retarded southern neighbors. Those who fought in the ranks of the ELA do tell the stories of so many great men and women who paid dearly to make the dream come true. We all sincerely appreciate the sacrifices that those heroes and those around them had to pay to make a different day for all of us. I am not trying to judge or downplay the role of the ELF as the pioneer of our armed struggle. However, I think we need to stand up to those who tend to evaluate the Eritrean armed struggle in pieces and force ourselves to approach the Eritrean experience as an integrated whole whose parts cannot be imagined in isolation of one another.

Truth be said, however, I think there is need for the Jebha experience to be approached with lots of reservation and wisdom for lowlanders to be cautious in claiming the baggage of stink. The ELF did not end in 1971 as you may know and there was a little more than a whole decade that followed during which its administration correlated rather than contrasted with that of post-independence Eritrea. It is a grave misrepresentation to claim at least the second decade of the ELF as an exclusive lowlander experience. The Tigrigna of the ELF were guilty for its failure the same way that lowlanders of the EPLF were for its success. They were both two faces of a coin. It is also a dumb strategy (from a tactical point of view) to exclusively own the Jebha experience as if it were all honey and butter. In spite of all the great things that we tend to say about Jebha Abay, it was a corrupt organization serving narrow interests of corrupt oligarchies of connected family networks from tiny villages in the western lowlands. It was an organization where formal assignments, scholarships, and everything you can imagine in terms of comfort and advancement were owned and administered by tribal dignitaries and antique lordships. It was an organization where (if you were connected to the right family) they would pull your son or daughter right from inside the military training camps, give him/her a shower and a haircut, hand him/her to you in Kassala dipped in “khumra” before you kiss him/her good bye to Syria.

The masses who followed and fought for Jebha Abay with so much passion did so not because they were dumb and could not see the retarded tribal dealings in the background, but because they insisted on being counted where it counted most. Unlike the EPLF where corrupt practices and sub-national dealings were taboo formalized in under-table dealings and in the dark of the night, there was nothing to be ashamed of in Jebha Abay. Practices not different from those that the Middle East experienced in Saddam Hussein’s sons, the Gaddafi kids and Mubarak’s Jamal, were things that the follower masses of insignificant ethnicities (including the Tigrigna, Kunama and others) were supposed to admire and be proud of. Ask people who participated in the two congresses of “democratic Jebha Abay” and you will think they are talking about an archaic cult from the dark ages. Appreciating this shameful aspect of ELF’s experience is fundamental in understanding not only the structural failure of the organization in the 1980s but also in admiring and appreciating the masses who decided to walk away in despair and lay a heavy rock on the tombstone on its grave so that it never wakes up again.

This may be an unreasonable muddling of unrelated concerns or I might be over-reading, as some have already suggested. However, I think the tendency to blindly adopt and reintroduce the social stratification of Jebha Abay (along the lines of “Al-Salaf Al-SaliH” – the Pious Pioneers) is embedded in several parts of the Wathiqa. The most absurd and outrageous manifestation of this attitude is the claim that the Kunama represent a ‘special case’ within the lowlanders. The Kunama (as you may know) were in the lowlands long before the sun started rising in the east and “special cases” could locate the Gash. They walk on their feet and talk in tongues like all other lowlanders. They own their gods and test-drive their husbands before being stuck in unnecessary dysfunctions in marriage. Isn’t this typical of the genius lowlander? What exactly is the “special” that makes it difficult to fit the Kunama seamlessly into the rest for the limited purpose of political mobilization? May be – just may be – the distinctive Kunama could have a different idea. Qernelyos, as you know, was excommunicated from the opposition camp for blasphemy against “Al-Salaf Al-SaliH”. What happens if Qernelyos’ idea (crazy as it was) is actually shared by a few more Kunama or non-Kunama lowlanders for that matter? Do we have a second Lowlander League for the disbelievers?

THE THRESHOLD

The single most important (the only that matters you may say) threshold that the movement aims to achieve (from following the debate – no insider info here) is to construct a lowlander nationality (mega ethnic group) to defend the heritage and shared rights of lowlanders. Whether this can actually be done (i.e. whether humans can create ethnic groups) should be beyond question for Eritreans. The ELL’s proposal is only one of numerous attempts at doing exactly that. The ELF and later EPLF succeeded impressively in reducing ethnic groups into language groups (“kifli bahli”) formalizing only a single characteristic to explain the diversity. They managed to convince people that ‘we are all the same except we speak different languages’ and that carried us until Independence Day. Shortly afterwards we discovered “language” is actually the least of our differences. Long before the armed struggle, the Ethiopian Unionists (the Andnet) picked the “religion” dimension of ethnicity and successfully recreated the Tigray-Tigrigni nation (a unilingual mega ethnic group), which carried us until Libi-Tigray. Throughout the post-independence opposition activism, Islamists have recreated the “Muslim nation” (with limited success) and we will see where that will carry us.

How this “lowlands nation” administers itself politically, and whether it will end up clashing with others (as the Andnet did) or cooperating with the “Tigrigna nation” towards a new configuration for peaceful coexistence (as the RabiTa did) is anyone’s guess. The worry that many Eritrean have is understandable as none of the previous ‘success stories’ of similar adventures including the Andnet, the Islamists and the ELF-EPLF transitioned without leaving permanent marks of bloodshed and destruction. Here we are discussing ‘what is’ not ‘what ought to be’, so let us continue.

For starters, it should be very easy to confirm a few facts with near absolute certainty. The ELL is not starting the creation of the lowlands nationality from scratch. Many objective factors have already conspired to establish this multi-lingual mega ethnic group as a given constant in Eritrean politics. Whether the ELL is the cause or the consequence of the dynamics of this constant should not be controversial. Today, any immigrant lowlander parents would be thrilled to hear their children speak a few Tigrigna words instead of the English, Swedish, German, Norwegian, Italian or even Arabic if you are in the Gulf States. Ethnic languages, namely Afar, Blin, Hidareb, Kunama, Nara, Saho, and Tigre are things of the past that, we have come to struggle to keep alive even in our own families where we have total control under the most democratic conditions imaginable let alone to promote as politically dividing cleavages among people who speak none of the above.

You are a rare witness to history if know any 20-year old Eritrean who speaks any of these language with comprehensive fluency in or outside Eritrea. My advice to you is to first take a few pictures before it is too late and then kidnaps this rare relic of the past and put him/her up for auction in the antique show. In today’s Eritrea, the only ethnic group that can be fully specified on ‘the language parameter’ without sounding archaic is the Tigrigna. Attempts by ethnic organizations to recreate ethnicity along linguistic cleavages in the diaspora have all come to a standstill and at best attracted a handful in membership and a few smart people fumbling for anything to keep the languages alive (forget about formulating ethnic political programs worth dying for with appeal to anyone other than the confused leader).

THE BIPOLAR

For the rest, the perception of a common threat, the fight against a shared enemy, the exposure to assimilating pressures inside Eritrea and the diaspora, as well as the constant work of opposition activists and organizations are only a few of the consolidating factors that have made linguistic difference an irrelevant parameter in determining the political posturing of individual members. Anything that all of us write, every comment that you make, all the rubbish that we read (on any website including Shabait), and every time we mention the word “Tigrigna” even in a nightmare, we are all solidifying this reality of bipolar Eritrea brick by brick and it is irreversible. Trust me you are not the only helpless one in this automated conspiracy.

Here is the driving force: where the need to learn a language is not motivated by the need to communicate with others, it may look like language but it is not “language” any more. One example: why would I spend two hours to read a Blin or Nara statement written in Tigrigna script when I can read the Tigrigna translation in ten minutes unless I am a nutcase trying to make a point (which is not “language”)? Consider another example where the PFDJ’s “education policy” might have actually been counterproductive. The government opens nine schools each in a different ethnic language, for people whose need to communicate has already been resolved by their mastery of one of the nine (say Tigrigna). By introducing this wasteful redundancy to make a political statement, it would essentially be consolidating the population into two groups. The first is a linguistically identifiable group that fits the traditional definition of “ethnic group”, where language is maintained for its communicative value. The second is a group that is more identifiable by “not belonging” to the “ethnic group”, where language is maintained for its value in making a political statement. This bipolar order is where the agenda of secular Islamists in the previous article cannot be easily ignored and will continue to present a formidable challenge to the ELL’s narrower delineation of “the other”.

THE TRANSITION

Under normal conditions in historic Eritrea of nine ethnicities, it would require any ethnic movement a lot of political hate mongering to bring the conflict to the level of distinctiveness that we have just described. The ELL’s Wathiqa is actually premised on that outdated version of multi-ethnic Eritrea (as is the PFDJ’s) and presents the “building of the lowlands” polity as its single most important mission. The attitude of the Wathiqa sets the stage for a political (or “civil society” as the ELL describes itself) movement bracing for hostile reaction while engaging in what might be misunderstood as ‘hate mongering’ and implicitly promises to carry it out only in as far as it is necessary to defining the contours of this newly constructed nationality. The critical argument here is that unless the ELL is able to redefine itself on objective reading of the reality and extent of “diversity” on the ground and transition to a more advanced operational zone, it risks being stuck in the boring and mean of ethnic politics reinventing the wheel and fighting bygone battles that had long been settled.

This “advanced operational zone” is a state where the ELL should take the current Wathiqa as “mission accomplished” from the get go and skip the “civil society” (license to do nothing) stage premised on the determination to evade conflict in an attempt to attract all stakeholders irrespective of political orientations. In all the impressive activities, that the leadership of the ELL conducted in Australia (beautiful airport flowers by the way) it would be interesting to hear if they had the feeling that they were dealing with “ethnic diversity”. If not, was it worth the visit to “build the lowland society”? In this new zone, the distinguished delegation (that I am very proud of) would simply assume that they are dealing with one multi-lingual ethnic group, and save themselves all the justifying and explaining and run for the cake. The “multi-lingual” in the Eritrean lowlands (especially as geographically specified by the Wathiqa) does not refer to many groups each speaking a different language at the sub-group level (and hence collectively ‘multi-lingual’), but to one large group whose members (at the individual level) speak multiple languages, that are all indigenous to Eritrea. Good night for now!

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  • Habtegiorgis ABRAHA

    Brilliant Ali Salem!

    I rarely read your articles; when I do I alsways get mixed feelings of appreciation and frustration.
    In some of your paragraphs, you said “… The Tigrigna of the ELF were guilty for its failure … …” Would you elaborate your assertion, pls?
    On a different section, In this article again, you said ” … the ELF-EPLF transitioned without leaving permanent marks of bloodshed and destruction.” Oh yea! you seem to be one of the lucky Eritreans/ person, not to feel its brunt!! Nevertheless, isn’t it in any way related to what we have today, our ‘independent Eritrea’? And thanks.

  • Azizudin

    Why the hell is that Nitirki, et al, cannot write a single sentence without the word ‘woyane’ or ‘Tplf’, or ‘Tegaru’,or Ethiopia?

  • sara

    yaakhi… what is going on with you. you seem to be happy to provoke people who look to eritrea as a normal country in the world, which has various religious,cultural heritages.. why are you insisting to sway people to think there is a language issue like the kurds in iraq and syria or turkey where kudish is not even allowed to be spoken in the street.. let alone to have schools or media outlet. i think you are trying to be more ARAB than the ARABS. please do visit libya, algeria.. morocco… who do not recognize the AMAZIGH people…who are the original residents of those areas of maghreb al arabi. i can say a lot of this..even the sudan, you saw what happened because of the policies of the sudan government and a lot more now going on with the west and east …forgot the south. what are you trying to scare eritreans of by repeatedly bringing the language…. issue, for sure to those who do not know alot of what is going on in the arab world by extension in the islamic umma.======= ya sheikh… k’effe’ alena//

    • sara

      the above is to Mr, guest

  • guest

    THREE
    Brother Ali Salim under thr chapter of The Transition says, ” in all the impressive activities, that the leadership of the ELLconducted in Australia ( beautifull airport flowers by the way ) it would be interesting to hear if they had the feeling that they were dealing with ” ethnic diversity”.
    Well well well. Definitely they knew the diversified ethnic groups of eritrean people in any given continent or country. The ELL manifesto in page one, chapter one, sentence one asserts to it, saying, ” Eritrea is a multi-ethnic, multi cultural, and multi religious country composing various social components, a fact that permits any component to express itself and its future ambitions within the frame of the existing reality of the Eritrean diversity “. But what really UNIFIES all these ethnically diversified members of ELL is the fact they all realised they have been cheated by the regime and its policy of dispersing them, trashing their heritage, land, language, religion, and substituting it with fundamental Tigrinias or Kebessites who came in drove with their supremacist idiology and pride and replacing every metahit thing with kebesite values including the grabbing of neighbors lands by force. In that unified sense of beingmarginalized and counted as second class citizens, and even been told to which ” behair” they should belong, that kind of ultra habeshite dictatorship unified them to NEVER make their diversity an issue..ALLAmemvers vowed to be unified under a common mode of communication, ARABIC, as we all here in awate.com use English to communicate to each other not because we are children of Bush or our last name starts with O’ like O’ Conner. I dont know which lowlanders you were referring when you said they are impressed more when their kids utter tigrinia words more than arabic.That is not tge case with the lowlanders in my circles. Yes we all love when our kids speak, even in a funny or broken style, Tigrinia, as one of Eritrean languages, BUT we send them to an arabic sunday schools NOT tigrinia. Our brothers and sisters in Melbourne and other Australian cities have gone so far in their weekend Arabi Tutorial classes that familiesfrom our neighbors,specially sudanese and somalies, are sending their kids to learn Arabic in those Eritrean Arabic weekends schools. Soooooo, the multi ethnic thing is solved, NO sha3biyah force or cadre can come and devide the lowlanders who gave allegiances to the ELL.( of course ELL doesnt have mandate to represent ALL metahitians or speak on their behalf…just its ever non stop increasing members ). Through the acceptance or rejection of its INITIATIVE, it gets legitimacy or ( lack of it ).

    • guest

      I do agree with br.Ali Salim on the airport reception the leaders received by their people in Melbourne, and the beautiful flowers presented by the beautiful children ; but the angels are not in that airport fotos. The Angels and miracles worked in the series of meetings, seminars, and reforming and broadening of the existing chapter of the ELL. They succeeded in galvenising the community and gaining over a hundred new members just in Melbourne and surrounding areas. Ustatha Aisha Gaas and sister Sophie Ezaaz organized a meeting for all Eritrean women and founded a separate chapter of ERITREAN WOMEN LOWLANDERS LEAGUE. Im telling you this in detail just to let you know the trip was/ is worth it. Not only they met Eritreans living in different cities of Australia and organized their chapter there such as in Aid Laide, in the south and Perth, in the west; but also met with many civil societies and even senators of the government, duch as the CEO of International Agency for Women Developments, Joana Heather and the Senator of Green Party of Victoria state, Senator Janet Rice. Not just photo show, but presented to them all the sectarian and distructive kind of esayas regime, and how the indigenous lowlanders are crashed by the new settlers while the people languish in refugee camps in sudan.
      With all the success they accomplished, i wouldnt be surprised if ELL moves its Head Quarters to the land down there; but i wont also be surprised the regime in Asmara and some some “opposition” groups sent their deligate there to try counter ELL’s recent successes there and ” undo” the agreements and pledges the ELL got there. Hope they dont succeed.

      • guest

        Excuse me, brother Ali Salim if i made wrong translation to the official nameof the agency, or the spelling of the individuals names; I got it all in Arabic

  • selam

    I am putting you in 8,760 hours ice. I hope you understand after that you can ask to awate.com.

  • selam

    Where are these you are talking ? I know for a fact that there is none . Now are you trying to fool me ? you want my reply and waited so long ? I have waited because i do know you are one of the paid weyanes so no worries.

  • Mizan

    Wow, now I am utterly confused whether this is a well written skit or just a mind game by PFDJ.

    • exposé

      Dear Mizan,

      Would you be that confused if you have know you were all along speaking to Milen Bereket? What would be the feeling? I guess you are feeling that now.

      Thank you

      • Mizan

        I do not know who Milen Bereket is.

        • exposé

          Dear Mizan,

          You thought Selam was SF but you’re wrong. Now that you know who she is, you may google the name or check twiter or read above postings. semere is also wrong in think the two as two different people. I mean, semere and isemere are not two people. so how could they be two people then? unless he want to be spoonfed

      • selam

        Hulla , you people are having a problem

  • saay7

    Selamat Milenu:

    Is this who I think it is? Are u who I think u are?

    saay

  • guest

    TWO

    Brother Ali Salim rightly says, ” They [ the lowlanders ] died in thousands to make the Eritrean dream come true and they ( along with highlanders ) are the story of the Eritrean armed struggle from A to Z “. Brilliantly and eloquently expressed as a testimony to the common goal and destiny of ALL Eritreans, Aslamay kistanay, kab qolla kab dega, as our hero Atewebrhan said. EXCEPT. It is not the whole story. The matter of the fact is thousands of these lowlanders teens were FORCED to join sha3biyyah against their will and against the plea of their parents to spare their kids. In some instances sha3biyah had to massacre the whole adult villagers and and drive the teens for war training and serving the war lords; making an example of them and their parents to other villagers what they ( field war lords) are capeable of doing. The massacre of ‘Adi Sayidna and enviros are good example of sha3biyya terror against our people. It didnt start with Sawa..it didnt start with G-15. I dont blame Ali Salim for not mentioning the thousand lowlanders forced to join the struggle or their parents as much as i dont blame my Ethiopian brothers and sisters for not reacting to massacres committed by Commandos and Tor Serawits in Misyam, Mansura, Awna, etc.. in Hatzie Haile Sellassie era or even the massacres of Ttza3da Cristian, Hhirgigo, Shi3ib, etc duringThe Durgue Junta rule. TOTAL NEWS BLACKOUT including the massacres committed by sha3biyyah. I admit that resentment towards the sha3biyas’ warlordspolicy of ( bHhim zbele b’Tiyyit yitteHagom ) preoccupy and disterbs the brains of many lowlanders till this day. I would appreciate if some good writers and journalists of this awate institution can present a fine researched article/s highlighting on the sad story of forced conscription and its effects to the forced tegadelties and their parents. It is sad that many parents had to escape their villages in the cover of night either to go to Dergue controlled cities/towns or leave Eritrea alltogether and become refugees in Sudan where they could have the family together after losing previous kids in armed struggle or jebha/sha3biyyah internal wars. It is exactly same like many these days are escaping Sawa by crossing the border to Ethiopia. Selam’s story of her friend who just returned from Eritrea after successfully sending her 16 years old son accross the border to Ethiopia ( she paid gzillion dollars to the trafickers). That friend of selam, after returning from Eritrea, threw a party even selam went to join the fiesta.( Ooops! Did she join the party in USA or inside Eritrea thru Skype?) I hate to speculate, hoping she will elaborate on that location thingy.

  • ismael

    I wonder how old Ali Salim is. From what I surmise
    from what Saleh Johar has indicated in his comment, it seems to me that he is
    one of the post-liberation struggle era lucky sons, if indeed he was one of the
    extremely favoured few among the marginalized, who were sent to South Africa
    for higher education.

    Anyway, because they saved me time to jot a few words in
    response to our brother Ali’s outrageous characterization of the former ELF
    leaders, I should first thank Saleh Johar and one of the guest participants who
    wrote a few telling words about Ali’s unbelievable smear against individuals
    and groups whenever a kind of seizure overtakes his mood to bite. The dreadful
    thing about him is that there is no way to hold him accountable for his
    unguarded behaviour. After all, this is the age of rampant free-for-all
    cyberspace journalism where sometimes required ethics and decency are frequent
    casualties.

    Regarding Ali, his victims this time are the dead and
    the still living leaders of the ELF whom he tarnished as corrupt and nepotistic
    through sheer generalization. In fact, the truth is that some of them ended
    their lives in extreme poverty after sacrificing their productive and youthful part
    of their lives for the good of succeeding generations like Ali Salim. Old
    fighters and veteran leaders who died without even owning the price of their
    burial shrouds (kafans) have left indelible stains of shame on the history
    books of our nation.

    Ali Salim’s outrageous behaviour is not really new. On
    one of the previous occasions he had the audacity to go as far as calling entire
    members of one organization as bunch of liars; even the late Ahmad Nasser was
    not spared. Just like that; without bothering to provide slimmest shred of
    evidence. May be he thinks resorting to such repulsive behaviour (tactic!)
    would add some flavour to make his messages saleable while actually they turn
    out to be nauseating.

  • selam

    Since all are commenting out side the article ,mission, it can be truly said , every one here is with a mission except me who come to take and respond to some of the swindlers and some weyenti as well as dergi reminants.

    Now It is quite expected to see comments about history. When the article is about history or some things like that there they come to tell some of the nay sayers.Here under this article some of the swindlers are trying to take the main idea of this article to tell us about their boss and how they see the Eritreans. Can any one tell me why the Ethiopians are here. Are they here to help their ESHI GPYTAYE history deniers or are they here just to spit they weyane propaganda to Eritreans ?
    can we at least have time to respond to this article whether we agree with the writer or not.

    • Azizudin

      was ‘woyane’ the first word that came out of your mouth the moment you started speaking?

  • Semere Andom

    Professor Nitricc delivers a speech for EDF in a seminar About Military History
    Ladies and gentlemen I came here abandoning my cozy job and comfort in the USA military to reconnect with my roots as a man without roots is like a tree without nutrients . I am not here to impress you as I have already impressed other Eritrean giants like SAAY, Mahmuday and Semere Tesfay and recently Gheteb. I have impressed them so much without accomplishing anything and I like to pay tribute to them and I admit I stand on their shoulders and I also apologize for jumping on their shoulders until it hurt. I inflicted lots of pain because of my muscular body but they endured and I like to thanks them. I promise I will keep their legacy, the legacy of believing in nothing and making the nothing to something. I was nothing, but I am something now, sorry, not something, somebody, slip of the tongue or as the Dedebitawian will say Freudian slip.
    So do not get intimidated by me, I will just tell you the truth about the military history of your beloved EDF and Sawa. First you may not know that Sawa is not Hidrab or Tigre, the word had its roots from the Tigriniya “Siwa”, someone mispronounced it and the name stuck. My specialty is the Warsay EDF, how it developed, how it came to be, what ails it and what it has to do not only survive but also thrive. But I will tell you that when I get a full time job in my dream of teaching. FOr now here is what I am going to say
    1. The PFDJ decision to institute military service was prophetic, it knew that Dedebitawian wil invade Eritrea, and the “eshi Getaye” Eritrean thought that they had an epiphany when they called for TPLF to ivade Eritrea, TPLF beat them to it
    2.As if to out do itself PFDJ made the military service indefinitely .Keep it up. my research shows that indefinite services for ones country will help fend the ipad craving syndrome.
    3. There is allegation that the National Service is interfering with the education of our young, wrong. Do not worry about, I will tell you how to compensate for education,. Education makes you better person and better citizen if you are better by birth, like the young people I see, then education is waste of money for the nation. Tell the truth and if you are unable to find truth in the literature, make your own truth and, what is a lie except the other side of the truth. Do not be confuse, truth is nothing but a lie you tell on behalf of your country and government.
    4. Staying put in your country no matter how the government treats is education, understanding the tough love that your government is providing you. Learning how to endure endless slavery with obedience is the highest education, Let me tell you this: what do universities teach in the USA, the prof comes in and he talks gibberish and you are supposed to do the work yourself, slavery is in MIT in Harvard and in Sawa. At least here you can get a sip of “Siwa” for fee, in the USA your get to pay for your “Siwa”
    Finally, do not take your government and country for granted otherwise the sea will take you for granted, stay put in your country and fight so the Dedebit will not stay put in Badme
    Look into my eyes, I will keep the legacy of my mentors, but I will keep your legacy, yep the legacy that will have to yet create the imaginary legacy that you are going to create, I will keep it, I promise I will be the curator of your future legacy

    • Mahmud Saleh

      Ayeyeyeyeye AbuNoah
      A proclamation ##
      Emancipation of wrongly Dedebitted Persons
      I here by order the immediate Emancipation of Semere A who has been wrongly Dedebitted by the EG Tree whose rotten fruits have been falling on the other side of the fence, in the backyard of the Southern Neighbor. The tree has been identified by its fruits, and the chemical causing the confusion and hallucination of innocent persons who fell trapped by its effect has been isolated and studied in the Nitrickay Laboratories Inc. Semere will be taken to Sawa immediately upon winning his freedom aboard Mercedes shewit, also rehearsing the song (mercheds shewit Hiza serawit), he will be transported to Sawa. As part of his rehab, Semere will learn that Sawa means “equality” and not “siwa” as has been told to him by the rotting tree. He is surely expected to be equal with his DeqQi Ere.
      Signed this day
      Gen. Nit.

      • saay7

        Mahmuday:

        Seconded. Abu NuH, aka Semere A, aka iSem never was Dedebit. After that terrible visit to Italy, where he was shocked to learn that normal people want normal things, he was enraged but its effects, particularly after the prolonged absense of Ethio-romantic YG, are wearing off. Here’s more evidence. Earlier, The legendary Abu Sheneb was mentioned in passing:

        1. Sem A most likely knows him or knows of him and he has a story or two to tell;
        2. Nitric has most likely never heard of him and because he is honest he will admit it and once u tell him he was a legendary tegadalai Jebha, he will spend days researching him;
        3. The rotten tree will “check with knowledgeable people” in Abyss—to see how Abu Sheneb wronged TPLF. If he didn’t, he is non person (history); if he did it will be added to the stew.

        I would say Mahmouday u need to expedite the Semere A-Nitricc unity tour.

        saay

    • Hayat Adem

      Funny. Seriously though, I don’t see Nitricc enduring with his fanatic views and taking them all the way to the last to speak of preserving warsay legacies as such. It only takes one important political event in Eritrea for personalities like Nitricc to be shedding their skins and talk a different talk. Endurance comes only from deeper conviction which in turn comes from profound knowledge and identification. His tendency to experience excessive self-importance, as manifested in his persistent self-referential attitude and his effortless will to post lies makes him vulnerable to switch loyalty easily. Such are such people.

    • Rahwa T

      Dear Semere,

      Your post is so funny and in fact there is a lot learn in it. Here is a statement that caught my attention “…the word had its roots from the Tigriniya “Siwa”. You may not know this (although you are semi-Dedebitawi), but in some part of Tigray, specifically around Raya and SeHarti – Samre they pronounce “siwa” as “sawa”. It was a coincidence. Please note that there are those of us who were so happy when you were wrongly semi-Dedebited by some elites and that we want you to remain partially as our own. This is in exchange of some of the current rulers of the state of Eritrea.

      Before ending my comment, we have notice a call from Mahmud and seconded by Saay and others. We are suspecting the next move will target the brilliant and lovely Hayat Adem. In our history we have witnessed many men and women of great history one way or another were given the mask of Eritreanism. Now it is our turn and we do not wish to miss the opportunity that
      we get accidently. Both of you are priceless gift to us.

      Therefore, on behalf of “true Dedebitawian” I feel honor to ask you not to reconsider the call for the “Emancipation of wrongly Dedebited person” from MaHmud SaleH.

      • Semere Andom

        Hi Rahwa:

        Any Eritrean worth his salt does not, will not associate Dedebit with trash, for many, many Eritreans it is the equivalent of Adal for their cousins and friends. But there is a constant sad theme in Eritrea: the thugs won over the true freedom fighters, the hooligans are reigning while those who repented and wanted to revenge againt their own crimes by paying back the society are dead or in jail. For the Dedebitwian the reasonable with lots of humanity left in them won, good for them, good for all humnaity

        One thing I want you to know is those people who have trashed Dedebitdo not represent Eritreans they are the vulgar yet temporal victors, those who say they taught the Ethiopians how to eat past and who forgot they have learned it from Italians are 1% of Eritreans whose parents/grand parents served the Italians like in the Banda and you know what? they tell that to the rest of Eritreans too.

        May the sprit of Dedebit and Adal and Nacfa and Megabit and Meskerem live long transending the lethal recipe of dubmness and vulgarity and fearlessness

        • T. Kifle

          AMEN!

          • selam

            It is quite amusing to see 3 swindlers agree on common goal to distract what ever any point that solely belong to Eritreans interest. They sing a song that has been for long and they repeat it again and again as if we did not know their core values .

        • Mizan

          Thank you Semere! I endorse everything you said wholeheartedly!

    • Nitricc

      Semere: I used to get on you for writing such garbage. I used to say, this guy writes decent but why can he write about something with substance. To my chagrin; you did write what you thought to be something with substance and we all witnessed what you have to offer and who you are. What bothers me is, you believe in what you have proposed. Do you really think African will protect you? they can even protect themselves let alone to protect you. How dumb can you be? Anyway my whole point is, I urge you to stick in to writing such as this one. I am willingly let you make me your punching bag. It is the cheapest price for me to pay than reading your; what you thought to be your substance. You know, like proposing TPLF to invade Eritrea. You are amazingly dumb. In a way what you are saying; It is like some one having a headache and proposing to cut the head to get rid of the headache.

      • Semere Andom

        Dear Nitricc
        ” At this day and age,If Ethiopia invades us, the UN, Africa, and Ethiopia will have bigger problems.” is what the half Dedebit said. I think we had gentlemen’s agreement, for you to ask for clarification during power outage and when the clouds descend and fir me to accept Mentor Mahmuday’s offer for us to convene in Toronto

        • Nitricc

          Deer Semere what did the Africans do when Ethiopia invaded Somalia? what did the Africans or the UN do when Ethiopia refused to vacate the Eritrean land that was decided by the international court. Deer, Semere i just want you at aviod the light,

    • selam

      I do think you are right about the young people who are migrating to ethiopia then sudan then italy is a waste of time . I do strongly believe sawa is a place for slavery and the meaning is quiet different. How could any one kill a goose that lay a golden egg ?

      lets come back to the education thing you said , Education is the only hope that the human being ever have. I do not understand what you have learned in the american military , but i do know and understand all american universities are great and they remain to shape the world.

  • guest

    ONE
    Br. Ali Salim:
    you mentioned nepotism as it was business as usual in ” Abay Jebha ” .In fact you compared it to the children of some most ruthless middle east leaders. i.e. Saddam Husein, Moammar Gaddafi, Hosni Mubarack. If the equivalent of those leaders were the chairmen of ELF, Idris Mohammed Adem, Ahmed Nasser, Abdalla Idris, Hussein Khalifa, who were/are the Oddeys, Qussays, Saiful Islams, Jamals of these ELF chairmen and what special treatment did they enjoy because of their fathers’ positions as ELF chairmen? Please anyone can help me, not just Ali. Also, what does ” khumra” mean when he said dipped in khumrah.

    Thank you,

    • Saleh Johar

      Guest,
      We heard the relentless vilification of Sabbe for many years until he left this world penniless. Not even those who were at the forefronts of that vilification campaign (read Isaias and his colleagues who owe everything they have to Sabbe) can show us where his buildings in Syria and Lebanon, his bank accounts that held millions, went? Ali Salim doesn’t care tarnishing the names of selfless combatants as a means of entertainment; and he doesn’t care much for supporting his wild allegation with evidence–if he says it, it must be a gospel that you either accept or reject. No qualms about wronging the dead and the living, tejeni saafir. Even heroes are not spared in his game rule. Maybe the Qussays and Udeys are the orphaned children of known combatants who received scholarships thanks to Syria, and Iraq. No one can deny there were favoritism in distributing scholarships, I know a few who benefited. However, to lambast everyone in that manner is abhorring. Ali is not known for using fine brushes, his brushes are old dust Scopa, the broom that doesn’t produce good paintings but graffiti. But then, maybe he lost in the competition to secure a scholarship with the orphan children–he may belong to the generation that was ripe for scholarships before the “scholarship-swindling-terrorist-Jebha” was stabbed on the back. But Ali should find solace in the fact that he did get a scholarship of sorts, so a long time after the gates to Syria was closed, only to be replaced with non-Syrian, non-Iraqi scholarships. Does South Africa ring a bell?

      • guest

        Jazakallah Ustath Johar.and thanks for the reply to my “favoritism” question. U know i’m a new student in this prestigious school that carries the name of the father of our struggle and as such never read for this professor, br.Ali Salim except the three articles he wrote about ELL. I liked the first two, at least he was expounding there, the wathiqa from his perspective, that I called it his tafseer and appreciated his work. For many, they never heard of ELL before nor did they read the watheeq. ( remember, howmany americans admit in their testimony they never knew much about islam till the terrorist attack of sep 11. After that, they got interested in Quran and made their shahada, including the british journalist who was the captive of Taliban ( i cant
        remember her name now ). The third in
        the series he put too much berberes too

        much spices so stinky the whole building
        smelled tzabHi. I will continue reading his
        series of ELL or other subjects he may
        come up with and will encourage him to
        do so without infusing sha3biya style
        misrepresentation/ misinterpretation or too much reading

        into the wathiqa to the extent reading what is not there. Thanks again Ustath and enlighten me what ” khumra” and ” yohana” mean, when you get chance. Or anybody else for the matter.

        • guest

          Eureka! Wejedtuha..! Yvone Ridley Is Her Name-O.

  • Mizan

    Hello all. Saay7, Nitricc, Gheteb, selam, Ali Salim, Hayat Adem to some extent..

    All these people seem to have their own personal agenda and I can’t see any of them writing for the sake of the Eritrean people yet they relentlessly publish misleading and hate filled information here. Reading what they write here makes me hate all the more of being Eritrean. I was hoping I will gain some of my confidence in being Eritrean and loving my people back again but this writers are making me feel like there is no purpose nor any sense in fighting PFDJ because they could all be writing under the directions of Yemane Monkey for all I know.

    I have withdrawn my allegiance to this website.

    The three honest persons here are Amanuel Hidrat, Semere Andom, and Saleh Johar.

    • Nitricc

      Ermias this the second time you used the same wording. last time you disappeared; you accused AT for bing anti YG. and you said the same thing what you are saying now ” I have withdrawn my allegiance to this website”
      let me tell you something; this web site it does not need you acceptance or rejection. it has been here and it will be here. there were so many people like you who think they can bully this web site; well no one did and the web-site here standing toll. why do you go back to the story you once told us. do you remember ? that was classic.

      • Mizan

        Nitricc, I am not Ermias. I am gherhi aka mizan.

        Nitricc, you are the reason why the debates are getting lower in quality hence the mass exodus of good contributors.

    • Hayat Adem

      Mizan,
      I’m of so disappointed to see my name in this league. Worst is I don’t know what else to do to graduate out of this bad club. I am always worried about issues that will happen that can happen that can be prevented that can be elevated 3,5, 10 years from now…I have never been interested in the past. All i want to see is a dynamic integrated and interwoven development unlocking the potential of the entire region. It is only when we get there that will make all these TPLF/EPLF talks we are doing so trivial and really backward. If there is no transformational development in the region, these kind of backward talks will always find ears. You are this, you are that issues are always niched in backwardness. Development is not like independence. You can’t shoot your way up. You can’t attain it by spewing hostility in your neighbor hood. You can dream about it while you are isolated and excluded. It needs integration and cooperation. Evil-headed elites exploit this situation and therefore they protect it as a favorable work environment only because they have personal and group gains from such.
      If this makes sense, there is no a better way but you fight them everyday, You free their hostages one by one. You take one person from their embrace today, you do that tomorrow until a threshold momentum comes and sways it massively to your side. That is almost happening now. Nobody is listening to their balbla tplf this tplf that,,,Even if they are shooting to kill, people are voting every day. They brought a crazy idea of policy through force projection and imposition, it failed, They replaced it with security through militarization, it failed. They have now Self preservation through National Servitude. Every wrong and weird move from them made us pay dearly and pain more.
      However, Once spoilers are out, and trust is built, poverty and backwardness can be tackled effectively and in harmony with the entire region and all resources around. We need to rebuild the trust they soiled in the region. We need to free people from their grip.

  • T..T.

    Finally, I came to know that the European ELF/PLF/EPLF veterans’ Derdesha/Illal was way ahead of the Eritrean Revolution veterans’ in the U.S. in breadth and depth analysis of the Eritrean issues.

    Regarding Wed Hamdan versus Ali Salim, both were identified as Isayas’s agents who were engaged in circulating rumors against the Eritrean opposition. Both, as opposition to opposition, finally chose to make U-turns towards Isayasim. However, Ali Salim is using a revolving door, which door is leading him to revisit Eritrean opposition sites under various assumed names. Still, both as Semharis and not Western Metahitians, they like to put dents on ELL.

    The two, Wed Hamdan and Ali Salim, were handpicked by Isayas for their commitments to the slogan “Timali Shabia, Lomi Kem Timali Shabia.” Upon replacing the EPLF with PFDJ, the slogan has been replaced as to read: “Isu Nihna, Nihna n’su.” That was not to the liking of Ali Salim thereby promoting him to lean towards EPDP.

    After pledging allegiance to Isayasim and falling into their folds, he saw what he saw many that are not to his liking within the Isayasists. He once remarked to his closely friends that there was no difference between Boko Haram of West Africa and Boko Haram of East Africa (referring to Isayas’s government). Reasons for his remarks were that the two Boko Harams were funded by the Arab Gulf countries. The two are destabilizing their neighboring countries and are against the youth’s going to school as well as determined to make their people homeless by forcing them to leave their homes to become refugees or by bulldozing houses.

  • guest

    Brother Ali Salim
    thank you for bringing this ELL discussion and its Watheeqa up to the front one more time, though this last article, you put too much spices and berberes that it stings and stinks. No matter how much pomice, parachina, shimTi, or omo i used, still the spice residue and smell is there. In your next article please put as little spice as you possibly can. ” Spice Yebullun…Newry Yebullun”.
    I like your statement saying this is not about tigrinia speaking people and no generalization is implied..A very good start. Since i’m not one of the ” Tigrinia elite “, i willstay out of your way. Nevertheless,

    • guest

      Nevertheless, as for the vocabularies added by politicians, their mission is to score a point in their fenqil ops. speech or next independence day gathering, they just use it the way they want.All those who responded to the ” re’ay” as used by esayas suffice. “Imagination” appears in the bible over 20 times with its Tigrinia translation as HASAB LIBBI or Tr’E for both imagination and vision..Other commenters have displayes it all in a better way than mine. I dont think politicians are the best to coin words or phrases for the whole nation. When politicians coin for us phrases, whether the phrase is right or wrong, we are forced to use the. The power of incumbent.
      When i lived in Eritrea, i never heard the word ” YOHANA”. I was puzzled for a while to what it meant. It sounded like John The Baptist in Germaniyah. Certain people i trust told me it meant ,” congratulations”. Hmmmm. If that is what it meant, what word or phrase did we use to congratulate each other in pre esayas/ sha3biyah tigrinia? How did Ar’aya Belay use congratulating people for different occassions in Radio Asmara in the good old days of Eritrea even under the throne of the emperor Haile Sellassie.( using the word good in a relative way ). I still remember the massacres of commandos.
      Here i need some brothers or sisters to tell me the right meaning of YOHANA and how i can properly use it in past, present, future tense in a good way; not like my son’s saying, ” ane billi3 gibbir neire” meaning i was eating. ” Ukhtey bkhiy gibbir alla” i.e. mysister is crying. ” TzibaH ku3usso tswitt gibbir ena.” Yes, you guessed it right. We’ll play football tomorrow.
      My assumption is, and i could

      • guest

        My assumption is, and i could totally be wrong, if yohana really means congratulations, it could be a derivative of arabic word تهنئة. If that is the case, we can easily utilize it in multiple forms as, ” – b’mkhniyat be3al liddet, HANNI’NAYO.
        – sle kab uni ettemerreqe, KNHNNO’O kedna. ( put vowels as u wish).
        – b’ mkhniyat 3id al fitr, IHINNE’AKKA ALLEKHU ….wezeterefe..
        MY POINT……Let politicians do what they good at doing;; misinformation, talking with both sides of their mouth, denying facts, collect campain contributions, etc. and leave our beautiful tigrinia to scholars and linguistics to upgrade the language even by borrowing from sister languages like amharic, tigre, or other semitic languages such as arabic, aramaic, hebrew etc.

        • guest

          One more thing..
          i dont know howmany Tewahdo brothers and sisters of tigrinia speaking will agree with me. I am in agreement with JWs and seventh-day adventists on that. [ It has nothing to do with the creeds and practices of my most beloved of christian churches. i.e. the Ethio/ Eritrean Towahdo ] who have recently been under assault from all directions starting with Esayas himself. It is simply about changing ” Qedam and Senbat “.

          • guest

            Biblically, the day following Friday is Senbat, Sabbath, Sabat, السبت, Sabato, and in other over 100 languages around the world.
            We are told from the christian sripture that jesus was crucified on Preparation Day. Back home we call it ARBI SIQLET. And we are also told, ” Jesus rose early on the FIRST day of the week. QEDAMAI means first.we all know that. Qedamai blitcha, Qedamai kifli, etc.
            Now, let’s read Wegiele Yohannes 19:31
            ” Slezi, DURRO SENBAT nebere’mmo, ita Senbat iti’a kbrti be3al 3amet sle z’khonet, iti sga’om ab mesqel m’inti khey Haddir, meHakhultom sessebirom kewr’duwwom , etom ayhud n’Pilatos lemmenuwo “.
            So, the day that follows arbi siqlet is Senbat, i.e. Saturday. Sunday is the first day of the week. QEDAM me3alti
            Agree? Good…..Disagree? That’s fine too. No big deal.

          • guest

            Durro* as in eve…the day/ night before

  • selam

    Thanks for pointing out the main factor behind their million words.These weyenti will do every thing and go way way far to make their point . What they do not understand is we already knew who they are .

  • Hayat Adem

    Selamat Gonbel,
    The clip is not about the accusation in relation to the blockade. It is about Gheteb’s claim TPLF was taking advantage of the famine to enrich itself and his logic is if TPLF did that why would EPLF be blamed for necking the passage. You can see from the clip how TPLF was devastated to the extent Meles questioning the very purpose of the TPLF. It is a powerful testimony to how TPLF was impacted. Meles didn’t say here anything about the EPLF blockade. And I agree with you, it is a serious accusation.

  • Fnote Selam

    If I am not mistake, the bible was translated to Tigrigna before IA was born (or may be IA was a child, but definitely before 1990s). So, chances are that IA didn’t invent re’ay (ራእይ፣ I am assuming that what the writer meant). Evidence = ራእይ ዮውሃንስ።

  • ‘Gheteb

    The Swindlers Of Dedebit: TPLF’s Heist In Broad Daylight

    I know. I know. You are wondering why anyone would bother to write about the TPLF and their redoubt Dedebit. Well, for me the reasons are manifold. Firstly, to show that deceit, treachery, perfidy and swindling are deeply encoded in the TPLF’s DNA. Secondly, to thoroughly disabuse those Eritreans who still believe that the late Meles Zenawi was this saintly sage ( in their words they admire Meles or Meles’s wisdom). Finally, to urge those Eritreans who are taking the TPLF as their lodestar to look somewhere else in the galaxy and find other reference centers for guidance and emulation in their search of bringing about the much needed change in Eritrea.

    1984-85: the calamitous famine that hit Northern Ethiopia was so severe it was described in Biblical terms. To aid those who were the victims of this famine, a large sum of money was raised. During this time, due to the war that was raging in Tigray, Western NGOs could only reach areas under the control of TPLF via a crossborder operation from Easetern Sudan to Tigray. The NGOs needed to buy grains to deliver to the famine victims and were searching the local markets.

    Sensing that there is a great opprtunity for a lucrative business to make gobs of money, Meles Zenawi and Sebhat Nega, hatched an elaborate plan, which looked something like this:

    1) Convince the NGOs that REST (Relief Society Of Tigray) is a charity organization separate from the TPLF.

    2) Magnify the magintude of the famine for the NGO by ordering a large number of the victims of famine to go the Sudan

    3) Organize a marketing scheme or drama by elnlisting the most trusted members of the TPLF to pose as grain merchants.

    According to Dr. Aregawi Berhe ( nom de guerre, Berihu Berhe), former TPLF leader and now in exile, in 1985, the TPLF had obtained about $100 million dollars through REST. Dr. Aregawi said that Meles suggested the 50% to be alloted for the TPLF, 45% to go MLLT ( Marxist Leninst League Of Tigray) and 5% to help the famine victims.

    The drama of the grain purchase followed the same pattern. As it was explained by Geberemehin Araya, former TPLF treasurer, he will play the role of the grain merchant and was presented to the NGO representative as a Muslim dressed in Muslim dress named Mohammed and Tekleweyne Assefa, a TPLF cadre, as the representative of Rest buying grain (sorghum) from the grain merchant “Mohammed”. The NGO rep, Max Perbedy of Christian Aid UK, pays “Mohammed” who takes the money and hands to Meles and Sebhat Nega, the head honchos of the TPLF. When the NGOs ask to see the grain they purchased, they were taken to a secret warehouse were most of the sacks were not sacks of grain but of sand. Then, the drama continues as they approach a different NGO posing as grain merchants and more money is garnered and directed to the TPLF’s coffers.

    Here is a question to the reader. What is the most common complaint of the TPLF alleges the wrongdoings of the EPLF against the people of Tigray? Oh, the EPLF refused to let TPLF trucks carrying relief aid to Tigray in 184-85. This you have heard from the top leadership of the TPLF all the way down to their rank and file and even by their Eritrean fellow travelers. Now, think about it. When the TPLF was stealing the very money that was supposed to help the famine victims, does it make any sense to blame others except to score some emotional points against the EPLF? If you ask me, I say NO.

    Even after it came to power in Ethiopia in 1991, the same scheme is used by REST which gets billions of dollars in food aid from USAID and this money is laundered to differnt TPLF business empire. No wonder some Ethiopians call REST an entity that never rests.

    • Hayat Adem

      Dear Gheteb,
      I have no idea why you want to discuss this things and what relevance you see in them today. Is it about exposing TPLF? No body would be interested in TPLF of 30yrs ago. Ethiopians will judge the Front by what it is doing today. EPLF should be judged by what it is doing today. If you see both parties what they are doing today, it will tell you what level of cruelty they were capable of doing in the past. If you have to mine the past, then be fair to the facts. The worst any reasonable person can do is mining the past for less urgent, less proximate matters and false reason.

      What TPLF has been accusing EPLF of the blockade of famished at a critical time is something that I had always wanted the EPLF to deny or falsify or explain it in some way. Even knowing that it was the EPLF and has nothing to do with the Eritrean people doesn’t make settle well as a feeling. It is something that you wished it didn’t happen or you hadn’t hear about it. It is something wrong when far away white people were crumbling to help and Derg and EPLF, the closest forces were showing the cruelest page of their time to the people of Tigray at a bad time.

      Whether the TPLF exploited the famine crisis to its advantage at the expense of the starving people people of Tigray, you wouldn’t get the true picture from people who have an ax to grind. I think the following clip answers it for you well.

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-bDQadYSCW4

      • AOsman

        Dear Hayat Adem,

        I have not followed the recent debate/quarrel between you and Gheteb (just read some), I was wondering how is the clip a defense to the accusation that Gheteb has made, I remember some years back the issue was raised on BBC and if it is true that Melles was involved in 50% deal, then he will be acting up in the clip you provided, which would make him look even worse.

        In any case, those who use the poor and destitute for their ambition or play politics with their dire situation are the worse type of people. Be they Eritrean or Ethiopians, we should not waste our energy to defend them. Am not saying this to point the fingers at Melles, it is in general.

        The vicious cycle of debate between Ethiopia vs Eritrea, TPLF vs EPLF, Melles vs Isayas and so on is not going to take us anywhere. It is sad that “until change comes” we will carry on being on a such “debate mode”.

        Regards
        AOsman

        • Hayat Adem

          Selam AOsman,
          1) Does he look like he was acting to you? If you can’t make judgement on that, well, it is because you don’t. This was even Meles was not chairman of TPLF.

          2) It never was in defense of Meles. Gheteb didn’t accuse Meles in particular.

          3) If we don’t need to waste our energy in defending the past, we don’t need to waste energy in accusing.. My part was correction. Gheteb was the one he brought. Once he brought, either it had to be fair or it shouldn’t be presented and if it were, it needs to be corrected. Would you be writing to correct Gheteb once you felt his skew3ed presentation? I would guess no not because you support false accusations but because you don’t believe you have to defend people out there.
          4) Actually, the one point that dragged me to comment was Gheteb’s view that EPLF should not be accused because TPLF was doing some other similar sins. And the sins he presented were not based on reliable evidence. There is some sickeneing attitude I see in some that says it is always okay to acccuse both, or don’t accuse PFDJ alone; and it is okay to accuse TPLF alone even if the accusation is false, and it shouldn’t be attempted at all to correct unless you are going out of your way in their defense. That will never

          6) I’ve come a long way to believe most EPLF/PFDJ narratives we have been hearing and believing deserve a 2nd look. I’m of the idea that those narrative have directly to do with our awkward relationships amongst neighbors. I’m of the school, in the long run, most of the significant and transformational projects we can dream of as a society will depend on the level of cooperation and trust we build Ethiopia. We can only build by rejecting false accusations and fabrications. As you know, these are intended to be bought by PFDJ supporters, not anyone else. They are meant to scare and guard the sheep in fence. Ethiopians will not fall for them. The opposition will never buy them. Eritreans who have distanced themselves from the region will not buy them, they may not care to falsify them. But, I’ve a mission of seeing the trust getting a foothold and growing. If you have time to respond to me, you will have time to remind people not to go to wild allegations.

          5) I would like to be judged not on whether what I write here favors TPLF/ETHIOPIA?EPLF/ERITREA or not but whether it is true or flawed.

          • AOsman

            Gheteb and Hayat,

            If you have the passion, go ahead, sigab zinefselkum.

            Gheteb,

            Saying Weyane are not good was the easy part, what alternative did you suggest? When most made a move to Ethiopia, Sudan was becoming impossible to live in. Unless you expected them to go inside Eritrea and fight it to the end. If you remember the non-violence proponents were the loudest in condemning the Kunama and Afar organization for defending themselves.

            Hayat,

            If you want to correct a false accusation, an emotional clip wont do it. You could respond by mentioning some facts that would show Gheteb is patching things to make it look he has some strong case.

            Regards
            AOsman

          • ‘Gheteb

            Hi AOsman,
            Well, the Eritrean opposition groups could have packed their bags and could have gone any place on Earth and far far way from Weyane-land. I mean even the North Pole is more attractive than any association with the Weyanes. They should never have listened to any other voice and fought hard to establish themselves be it in Eritrea or even living alongside the Eskimos.
            One reminder and a VERY important one that I want you to remember, if you are going to avoid committing a cardinal ‘sin’ against ‘Gheteb. Here is ‘Gheteb’s first rule.
            Never, EVER, is ‘Gheteb to engage in any exchanges, debates or otherwise, read any posts or comments of the person(s) you have mentioned and that is only to be referred as Person XY. Simply, banish the thought that ‘Gheteb will ever engage Person XY in any debate even in millions of years hence.

          • Hayat Adem

            Gheteb,
            What did I warn you? You can ran away with your bleeding nose reddening your way. And I will follow and hit you more. Your best shield from me- don’t lie. But if you lie, I swear to you can ran but you can’t hide even behind’s Selam’s kemish. And when HaMut is lost, no amount of razors can save you.
            Your xy Hayat

          • Rahwa T

            Hi Gheteb,

            I am not sure if you are from the PFDJ or opposition groups. But your suggestion for the oppositions to go to the North-pole is not good alternative. The place is too far to ‘fight’ Isayas wedi Afom and bring the change your people are dreaming to come in Eritrea. Why don’t devise some other means? After all, you have a unique gene called “yikaalo”. Why don’t you guys work to create ideal trenches high up at the areal territory of Eritrea? That way you will be able to repeat defeating your enemy in Asmara without help of any sort from the neighboring countries as
            you did it in 91.

            By the way, as an Ethiopian citizen, may be it is to remind you that most Ethiopians don’t support the idea (or the reality) of having opposition groups from neighboring countries as it has its own burden on the society and negative impact in its development.

          • Hayat Adem

            This guy’s hate is showing well. I’m not surprised he brought the north pole because that is what you say when you are Isaias Jr. The senior man tells you to go to the moon, you expect the juniors to tell you to the Poles, to the Med Sea, to the deserts. Of course you can be sure that he is from the PFDJ. Who else would tell you to go to a great length so that you are not close enough to the PFDJ kitchen. But Gotheb is also showing hinting his other himself I never noticed before: he is so racist and hater. Rare fish they are, haters and racists ruin your mood but they never control your day or if they do usually in a treacherous way, they never sustain it. So all is well, Rahwa. Keep up the decent composure.

          • Rahwa T

            Dear Hayat,

            It is always stunning to imagine the size of hatred filled deep inside the hearts of peoples such as Geteb. Opposing political struggle within the political boundary of a country they call “eternal” enemy is one thing. The problem is despite the repeated and rational challenges by you and few other Eritrean intellectuals for them to bring alternative and workable strategies, they could not come up with a sound answer. Koboro briHQet Qelal, kiHziwa enkelewu gina
            tedenagir eya. mHir xil’at Ethiopia Hadush miHzo zfeTrelom entekHoynu bmbal’ye amaraxitat mise’anku “emo ab atmosphere (kli ayer) Eritrea bota zeydelu” zbl sarcastic azararba wes zebelku.

          • Hayat Adem

            Hi again AOsman,
            Passionate about this matter with this guy: not really. Well. you may recall he was using exTPLF members accounts to patch up his claim like you said, and I brought a non-exTPLF to counter that. except his are paraphrased accounts, mine is video. And I though video stands more authenticate evidence. than x said, y said evidence. Like you said, I would have loved to bring you other data on this but I don’t have any thing and I don’t want to go a long way patching up things just to disprove a piece of a lie.

        • ‘Gheteb

          Hi AOsman,
          I am only going to respond to the last paragraph of your comment. You are saying that ” the vicious cycle of debate between….. TPLF vs. EPLF……”, I would like to direct you to re-read the first paragraph of my post and there you would see the three reasons why I wrote the post. It is not like I am itching to debate or talk about this perfidiously recreant TPLF; far from it. My one and only one reason that I harp on this issue is this: the single most obstacle or hindrance to bringing the much needed change in Eritrea is the Eritrean oppositions dependence, “relationship” with the TPLF. The utter dependence of the Eritrean opposition groups to the Weyanes, for all intents and purposes, has rendered them ineffective and irrelevant in the Eritrean ‘democratic struggle’. You may say, why is ‘Gheteb ‘opening his mouth’ now. I will tell you that in my capacity, as an individual, not only debated and argued against it since 1999, I have remonstrated and objected against it by writing open letters to the leadership of ELF-RC about the utter folly and absurdity of their close relationship with the TPLF by pointedly stating that this link with the Weyane is going to lead to the self-emasculation of the Eritrean opposition. As it was expected they didn’t even condescend to reply and tell me to go and fetch water for your mother ( Nedekha Mai Wirdella). I hope you now see what impels me to talk about this scum of the Earth a/k/a the Weyanes.

          • Nitricc

            Gheteb; you are wrong. change can only come from the Weyane. we should listen to the great Semere Andom. “The Weyane should go to Asmara and get rid of PIA and the PFDJ. that is the only way change will come. no worries; if the Weyane try to screw us, the Africans and the UN will defend us. and Ethiopia should keep Badime; it is a just to do.”
            I think we should listen to Mr. sunshine.

          • AOsman

            Nitricc,

            I like your new approach, after over 10 years of fighting the now-toothless, now you are spicing it with sarcasm :). Dekhimka Ikha mesleni.

            Regards
            AOsman

          • Semere Andom

            Finally, finally the mentoring and Sal and Mamud and the silent mentor Semere Tesfay and writing of the half Dedebit Sem Andom, who is in love with the full Dedebit, Hayat has sunk in and Nitricc, the truth teller and the fortune teller whose heart burs with the love of Eritrea and is inflamed by the hate of Dedebit managed to grow brain cells, powered by solar energy as opposed to the regular grid that is not dependable. It took this long because transplant of this nature are prone to rejection, but the doctors who were able to eradicate mosquitoes in Main Nefhi and Sawa have managed to try their experimental procedures and it seems that they have some success
            Besides the transplant grueling therapy was requited and it was provided for free by the mentors.
            Nitricc in a rare moment of admission has become the devout disciple of the great Semere Andom, Mr.Sunshine, who regularly vacations in Italy with funds from suspect sources. The great philosopher Plato once said, follow your heart and Nitricc seems that he just did that, finally and his mentors, Teg.Mamud and cousin Sal were proved right when they said, the talents that lurk deep in Nitricc like Eritrea they are stubborn for putting up a good fight even if it is good for the country but then they triumph by doing the opposite of what they were fighting for.Today Nitricc, Nitrakay, Nitriccs or Nitriccay, Fearless or Dumb, call him what you will, but he has unleashed his accumulated learning and today awatistas should celebrate. He once again proved the “eshi Getaye” wrong in his ability to learn. All is well that ends well, rejoice. What a Sunday!, a Sunday of resurrection and revelations

          • Nitricc

            Semere; to be honest when you said the Africans and the UN will protect us; just let the Weyane invade Eritrea and remove PFDJ; you showed everything you need to show. if you are a man of integrity come out and apologize for the most dumb, stupid and irresponsible idea ever.
            you have proofed that you are only good at writing this kinds toothless staff. how about that vacation thing; you don;t want answer it, huh? trust me i know why you don’t want too.
            again don’t worry about Nitricc; he is alright. Nitricc is the minority and according great thinkers; it is healthy when the minority is threaten by the majority. lol, you know what though; you are classic!

          • Semere Andom

            Nitricc, do not lie, I am repeating the Dedebit girl’s line, Do not lie, If you need help ask for clarification

          • Nitricc

            “I am repeating the Dedebit girl’s line” Semere that is the exact problem with you. you keep parroting what the Weyane cadre have to say. don’t you think time to wise up?

          • Hayat Adem

            Semere, why don’t you tell him: don’t breeze, I repeat, do not breeze! He consumes lies like oxygen and emits lies like CO2.

          • ‘Gheteb

            Hi Nitricc,
            Man, I got tell you that your popularity has skyrocketed. In post-Issais Eritrea, you are one of the leading candidates to take over the helms of the Eritrean head of state. I am getting more certain these days change in Eritrea will only come from inside Eritrea and in collaboration with those Eritreans whose political resume is not tarnished by any association with the Weyanes. However, let me tell that your candidacy is challenged by another popular candidate called Selam. Recent polls indicate that you are running neck and neck with her. I have to admit that I am torn who I am going to cast my vote for. I Guess, you may need to fine tune your campaigning by making your messages razor sharp!

          • Nitricc

            Gheteb; no need for you to be torn lol. i have two dreams for Eritrea. once I help built the most robust army ever and then after that i would like teach. so, please give your vote for Selam.

      • Amde

        Hayat

        It seems there is a campaign to drive a wedge between TPLF and Eritrean opposition. Seeing as the change to the status quo is going to be driven by the death of Issayas this looks like jockeying. On the other hand, there must be something successful brewing between the Ethiopian side and the post-Issayas era.

        Amde

        • Hayat Adem

          Dear Amde,
          That appears to be the case here and they seem to have upped a bit with a new surge. I’m also seeing the coordinated effort. This all is to castrate the only viable route to weed out PFDJ. But like you hinted, it might as well be a reaction to what a gathering momentum of what they fear.
          What do the spokespersons of governments usually say: we are monitoring the situation.
          Hayat

          • Amde

            Dear Hayat,

            The great Saay himself promised to come out of semi-retirement and grace us with a column on how TPLF has been bad for the Eritrean opposition. I am wondering how he is going to square the circle of explaining why the non-TPLF influenced opposition is not doing anything either.

            It is actually fascinating to watch. Gheteb tells us TPLF was bad in the past, bad now and will be bad in the future because “perfidy is in its genotype”. Notice how he smartly skirts being labelled a racist.

            Then we got double doses of the ELL, about the bifurcation of Eritrean society into a bipolar highlander-lowlander politically simple divide. It is implied ELL will show its virility to outshine the emasculated TPLF tainted opposition.

            None of it is really new – it is just that the timing is really interesting. Issayas must be close to kicking the bucket.

            Amde

          • Hayat Adem

            Dear Amde,
            No problem, you will see him dancing around and hiding beautiful truths under acrobatic flowery expressions and unleash the trusted guys for complement: Gheteb and Mahmuday. I don’t think Nitricc and Selam would understand his twisty writings. But their support is forgranted. They will just come out ululating and cheering, pretty much the internet version of Kebero Junkies. And then he will be on his 2nd phase retirement announcement, and then…things repeat themselves forever:)
            Yes, we, you and me can play it nice and supply some inputs to him to ponder to include in his article: what about the oppositions that have been distancing themselves from the “TPLF toxic”? Where are they? What about the Eritrean political parties that cooperated with non-TPLF Ethiopian parties? Did they fare better? The only Eritrean political party that succeeded in accomplishing goal is EPLF and we know EPLF was cooperating with TPLF: does TPLF’s toxic substance become toxic to some and turns to be a blessed water to others such as the EPLF?
            Here is another one, Amde: To my knowledge, Eritrea can only have had two grand projects: independence and development. The first one is achieved with the help of the toxic TPLF. The 2nd one was going somehow okay until 1998, again with the help of toxic TPLF. When the relationship with the toxic TPLF hit real toxic, things started nose-diving south, people crossing south and money flying to swiss.
            Common sense would say, fix the problem where it is broken and fly to Addis tomorrow. But that is not what he is going to say in the next article. He is an angry man. He thinks EPLF was the number one liberation movement in Africa. And he thinks TPLF takes the 2nd place of rank. I don’t know how he came to this. It is like the 5k athletic race where you always have the Ethiopian and Kenyans on the top. I think now a days Eritrea is also displaying some mix. Sal may be angry the 2nd in rank outfoxed the number front in Africa. The other point of concern could be the fear of Abessinian Fundamentalism, a phrase recently flashed by the Saay club.
            You would never know what pushes the button. Stay around, Amde
            Hayat

          • saay7

            Amde Talaq sewye:

            Ah, the semi-retirement….don’t take it literally:)

            Here’s a video I chopped just for you: ESAT reporters asking Isaias Afwerki an Ethiopian opposition question that many of us in the Eritrean opposition ask about Ethiopia’s intentions. It is almost word for word an identical complaint. My point (now you are pre-empting my article, tsk, tsk) is that if you are dependent, all you can do is complain about the size of the welfare check. Many try to create a parallel between how the EPLF partnered with TPLF to defeat Derg. I can’t believe I have to state this obvious fact: EPLF was self-sustaining and a potent force when it accepted TPLF’s help ON OCCASION. It didn’t rely on the TPLF for its very existence. And the same is true for the TPLF: it was self-sustaining and it relied on the EPLF occasionally.

            Anyway, here’s a two minute video from ESAT’s interview with Isaias (questions in Amharic.)

            saay

            http://www.tubechop.com/watch/5385464

          • Amde

            Dear Saay,

            I am on the way out for bread and butter and what-not. So I apologize for not looking at the chop. I think it is self-evident that one’s degree of freedom is inversely related to one’s degree of dependency with another party. So, if we are looking at actual people in real-politik situations, an Eritrean opposition that purports to use the good offices and resources of an Ethiopian government would at the very least have to not antagonize their host. Much as Issayas’ hosting of Ethiopian opposition is to help further his geo-political objectives, so would Ethiopia’s. I would be astonished if all of the sudden we find the region is ruled by angelic beings who provide non-questioning support for purely altruistic reasons.

            My point was that it is rather not fair to dump Eritrean opposition ineffectiveness on one cause – namely Weyane. The Middle East, Sudan etc are awash with Eritreans out of the clutches and influence of either Eritrean and Ethiopian governments. And yet we do not see political movement in the opposition camp from there either.

            On the other hand, while it is true a TPLF supported opposition is likely to be influenced to some degree of effect and time it wouldn’t necessarily be for the worse, nor forever. And we have a lab experiment to prove it where an EPLF supported TPLF was influenced by EPLF, and a TPLF supported EPLF was influenced by TPLF. It was fabulous at the beginning (I have a friend who characterized ther relationship in the early 90s as “band qiT inira” (apologies for the saucy language)). We know how that turned out a few years later. So, nothing is really guaranteed long term.

            The main question is – what is worse? The status-quo fueled by anti-TPLF animus? Or a post-PFDJ future with some Ethiopian influence. A post-PFDJ with zero TPLF influence is a fantasy and we all know it. Those are the options.

            Amde

          • Hayat Adem

            Amde,
            NowSaay’s argument seems to be shifting a bit to the tune:
            1) I;m only opposing relying on TPLF help for their existence. Because the EPLF never did.
            2) EPLF accepted TPLF’s help on occasions and vice versa. That might be okay, too for the opposition to do it. So going to Addis occasionally may also be okay.
            I think this is totally different from what we read a couple of comments ago when Addis was renamed Adis Abyss Land or a place where a kiss of death is served. The adjustment made seems not out of change of views but in an effort to allow a room to accommodate what EPLF did and didn’t.
            I don’t know why he took time to chop that video and posted it. Is it to say: if Esat complained to IA about the same issue with Ethiopian opposition forces seeking help from PFDJ, what is wrong if I play an Eritrean Esat role here?” Well, we all know Esat didn’t write EPLF is toxic, Asmara is Abyss Land. They can’t write that. They went to EPLF boss and they went to Asmara. Can Saay make his move to Addis then representing a G7-like Eritrean opposition and ask the questions to the PMHD?

    • selam

      Thanks Gheteb , you have explained to the swindlers very very clearly . I hope they understand

      • ‘Gheteb

        Hi Selam,
        Thanks and you are indeed welcome!

    • Nitricc

      Gheteb; There is nothing the TPLF won’t do to get money and to get Aid. hack they even bomb them selves A) to get Aid through Anti terrorism found from the USA. B) to blame Eritrea i.e. sanction against Eritrea.
      Wikileaks Ethiopia Files: Ethiopia Bombs Itself, Blames Eritrea

      • saay7

        Selam Gheteb and Nitricc:

        Gheteb:

        A. Osman, usually a sharp reader/writer, must have been reading fast: despite the fact that you explicitly stated why you are narrating this TPLF story in the first para, he went a bit off tangent, although in fairness to him, he wasn’t replying just to you. Now, from the “Look Over There Instead”, I had expected the, “yeah, but, unlike you guys, we don’t exterminate our enemies: Aregawi was escorted to Sudan where he lived happily ever after.” (That’s your cue iSemere 🙂

        ELF-RC may not have told you to fetch water for your mother, but they did very quickly learn that TPLF is toxic (what the great Serray used to call “Eritrean Opposition Kiss of Death” and decided that they would rather be independent but ineffective instead of dependent but ineffective. (Cousin Hope, don’t get mad:)

        More on dependency and toxicity of the TPLF in my next column which should be published tomorrow.

        Nitricc:

        If you are going to cite a link, please for the love of God don’t give us Thomas Mountain because that will insure it won’t be read. You should have provided the link to the actual wikileaks where the US Embassy in Addis states that it was their assessment, based on the credibility of an unimpeachable source (STRICTLY PROTECT) that the Ethiopians had manufactured a “terrorism” scare (3 bombs went off.) It is not even original: that’s how Putin got the go-ahead from Russians to obliterate Chechnya by blowing up his own people in Russia first.

        So, the TPLF were terrible in the 1980s and they continued to be terrible in the 2000s and 2010s.

        Now, Nitricc, since you are a truth-teller. Here’s the follow up. The source of the US embassy (later revealed after the redacted “STRICTLY PROTECT” was removed) was Dr. Merera Gudina. In December 2014, he was fired from his job at Addis Abeba University (he was too popular, and it was getting too close to election time.) In contrast, do you know how Isaias Afwerki dealt with his own wikileaks, including the husband of his own minister Askalu Menkorios? That’s right: disappeared without a trace.

        saay

        • Nitricc

          SAAY; i had it the original saved somewhere and i didn’t feel dinging it out. okay i will post the real deal.

        • ‘Gheteb

          Howdy Saleh,
          I will only touch on two points you have raised:
          1) You are right about the change of heart and reversal of policy of the ELF-RC under the leadership of the late Seyum O/Michael (Harestay), You said that ” they did quickly learn the TPLF is toxic”. I understand your points of departure, but their ‘learning’ about the ‘toxicity’ of TPLF, I think, came a bit too late. I am sure you would remember that in one interview with the BBC, at the height of the Ethio-Eritrean war (1999 or 2000), the interviewer after asking Harestay about the war told him that he sounded like ‘a spokesperson of the Ethiopian governmen’t ( well, TPLF). Such incidents and others, at least to me, are what made many Eritreans to give up on ELF-RC and others as credible opposition groups.
          2) Sure, you are right this post may have been more appropriate in Semere Tesfais’s article. But, Saleh I got to tell you this: Nothing, I mean nothing whatsoever, as it pertains to Eritrea is dialectically “unrelated” to groupings be it the ELL,”MLL”,”TLL”,”FLL”, “KLL”, to the TPLF (Weyanes). The quoted alphabets following ELL, well, I am only saying this in jest in the hope of evoking the memories one of the jokes that was told by the legendary Osman Abushanab. Seriously, though Saleh, do you really think that the ELL and the TPLF’s role or history in Eritrea is “completely unrelated”??? Think Saleh. Think hard. I mean, really, really hard? Okay, here is a hint. 1981……>

          • saay7

            Selamat Gheteb:

            I get your reference to acronym multiplication. For example, on ELF-RC my guess is very few of who we are talking about. Only political junkies would know that ELF-RC which is a splinter of ELF, became EPP before it joined EDP formerly EPLFDP, and has now become EPDP.

            On ELL, I think it’s fair to say that they are entirely indifferent to TPLF/EPRDF. Nothing of what they have written so far indicates that they will make the journey to Adis Abyss Land. But we will wait and see…

            Saay

      • ‘Gheteb

        Hi Nitricc,
        Thanks for your feedback. You are talking about the TPLF bombing themselves recently. Well, I may be jumping the gun, but soon I may have something to say about how this some time, time permitting and God willing,”bombing yourself” is part of the excecrable TPLF’s genotype.

      • Hayat Adem

        Let me borrow your hahahah for now: hahaha- you brought Thomas Mountain here! The father of mountains of lies! hahaha (I hate hahaha- will never use it) You have been emboldened to this level because some friends have called you the truth teller and now your contempt on awate readers is showing when you dare to reproduce Thomas’ piece, just one more time- hahaha:).
        Ohh boy! Don’t be fooled by the recent overpricing utterances of your skin you are hearing by the same circle. Why? because they are using you as a expendable. People took punches from the awate verdict and they seem to harbor a lot of pain and no one takes them seriously when their only way to vent out is multiplying their one mistake (truth teller hundred times).
        Here below seems another lie to me but I’ll have to check it out and ask people about it but let me ask you first:: You said this: “i watched the bombing of Howzen and it is recorded its entirety, meaning they knew the fighter jets were coming. instead of dispersing the crowd; they stay put to get on the video. again the motivation is to use it as propaganda and more aid. ”

        What is the video called? Do you have a link?

  • Ali

    To Selam
    First I would like to accept that money people from both the highland and lowland were victims of Ethiopian government of that time.However, do not try to confuse people it was the highlanders together with woyane who kill the civil lowlander and. they did all this in the name of religion to size the political power. some of the slogan of that time were JBHA (ELF) wekil metahit tirayi eya, JEBHA wekil metahit Islam eya zibilun bihafesha hzibi kebesa ELF(JEBHA) keyikibel zisibeku zineberu. All the propoganda against ELF was focused that it is the representative of the lowlander which in reality was false and prejudice. So, why are you trying to fabricate new history. ELF was fighting against Ethiopia in its history ELF never fire a single bullet against lowlander or highlander.

    • Mahmud Saleh

      Dear Ali
      “…do not try to confuse people it was the highlanders together with woyane who kill the civil lowlander and. they did all this in the name of religion to size the political power.”
      Your comments are loaded with hateful spites; could you colaborate the above and similar assertions please. Please, we need numbers, dates, and actors at time of the crimes you are referring to. Ali please be constructive, and don’t assume the spokesman of muslims and/or metaHtawyan (abnae almunKhefedaat). I am extremely offended by your continuous salvos on our people, some oneliners are even more hateful and prejudious. As an Eritrean, consider the highlanders as part of who you are, they are your people. You can’t be Eritrean and at the same time disown half of its people. If you have specific complaint against certain highlanders, be specific and support your allegations with facts. Please no more hateful diatribes. Stirring up ethnic/religious conflicts and prodding wounds is not the way to counterargue whatever injustice you may see coming your way, real or perceived. Be responsible. This is to encourage you feel welcome; come on Ali, please, participate responsibly.

      • Ali

        To Mahmud Salih
        Please do not get offended this is my angel observation try to see it I am forwarding my idea. forwarding idea observation is not being a spokesman. When the independence of Eritrea started it was by few members of the Eritrean population who forwarded the idea it was not forwarded by the Eritrean people as a whole. But through time it becomes the idea of the people. people like Ali Salime and I myself we are forwarding idea if it gets acceptance it will be the idea of the lowlanders. If you have history there was an idea called Tidray tigringi that try to organize people of the highlanders and their southern partners. this is an idea forwarded by people but it does not become practical because of the ego of the Eritrean highlanders to size the power. So it is not a mater of being spokesman rather forwarding idea of reorganizing to defend the lowlander. But I am not clear with phrase be responsible. According to your definition how is a responsible person to be?

        • Mahmud Saleh

          Ahlan Ali
          People comment in order to advance their ideas, defend them, or just for helping others see things more clarified. So, all of us are commenting because we want others to hear us. Although I have no right to tell you what to say and what not to, I feel obliged to give you a brotherly advice. If you go back and see your comments, you will see they are loaded with generalizations and collective condemnation of the highlanders. If you could be specific, and try to educate us on areas you would like to see change, policies you think warrant the type of organizational approach ELL is advocating for…in a similar way you have responded to me, your message will not be lost in the angry tone of your language. By responsible, I mean using language and attitude that help you get your message across without collectively blaming a huge portion of our people; some embittered speeches and comments carry the potency of pitching communities against communities. And you would want your message to be of help, anyway. In order for that to happen, work a bit more on being specific, and to support allegations of that magnitude by evidence.
          Regards.

      • tes

        Dear Mahmud S.,

        Wise saying. I can’t say it more. Ali is really man with excess hate and narrow mindedness and dangereous fanatic that need to be challenged seriously.

        tes

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear Ali,

      what I said to you earlier is repeated again and again by others. there is a saying in Arabic ” If more than two people said to you, you don’t have head, you better check it”. we can’t be all wrong and only what you are saying is correct. from my experience not only in EPLF but even in ELF there were some highlanders who try to remove and demoralize there own highlanders (Jeberty), and the same form lowlanders. but that is very minor case and that will not represent the mass. I know and I have seen few even educated from highland who came from Adis Ababa university and still think EPLF represent them in 70’s. I agree with you IA has used also this card. again please help us to see the real today’s situation. today we are in the same boat, and no one is free of suffering. ኩላ ዓልጋኣ በሊዓ እያ :

  • selam

    During the liberation struggle thousands of civilians became victims of the Ethiopian government and also of the ELF and EPLF. There were many stories that the public used to hear about crimes committed against the civilians by both fronts (ELF and EPLF) through family and friend of the victims. Unfortunately only a few of the accounts are recorded by Human Rights Watch and others I can post many from both ELF and EPLF victims but that is boring for some people . NOW ,The Eritrean people never wish to see again anyone who has a history of totalitarian or megalomaniac crimes (like the EDA, EPDP &PFDJ leaders) seizing power in future Democratic Eritrea or forming an interim government.We should Eradicate from any board , or any committee members as , all of them are backwards hungry for power on what ever price.

  • Mahmud Saleh

    Happy March 8
    March 8 has already dawned in some parts of the world.
    Dear Heroines, mothers, sisters, daughters…and the heroes of yesterday, Happy March 8. I have no words to describe Eritrean tegadalit, the best of the best. I have no doubt your contribution will be given its due recognition in democratic Eritrea. For the rest:

    * Without the total emancipation of half of our society, there is no emancipated society
    ** Without the emergence of assertive, educated and free mother there is no progress; our progress will depend on how acutely aware we become on appreciating this fact. Our women are still struggling against oppressive cultural values exacerbated by a government that cashes in on their sacrifices by giving lip service lectures. Eritrean women need an alternative to NUEW, an independent union that advocates for women’s issues.
    *** The opposition has also failed miserably in communicating with them and in giving them a space in order for them to set off their potential. I strongly believe that if we want to end the cycle of organized disunion, we need to recognize the role of women and the youth in our communities and other organizations, including the organized opposition.

    • Mizan

      I must say, I agree with everything you said, perhaps for the first time since I started reading your comments and others’ here. Spot on Mahmud Saleh.

      Just wanted to add one other observation. In many cities around the world, there are several women’s organizations for Eritreans, primarily divided along political lines and religious divisions in some cases I am aware of.

      Having realized how powerful and extremely hard working and resuts oriented Eritean women are, it’s sad for me to see that they have utterly failed in the diaspora to keep the communities together. They can and should play a more vital role as in rejecting all GUAYLAS until our people are out of this quagmire. There is nothing to dance for at the moment.

      That would send a big statement to the regime and also to the opposition.

      For the most part, we see unexplainable indifference among Eritrean women while they are the more capable of bringing about the needed change.

      • Semere Andom

        Hi Mizan:
        The point about Guayla is correct, but it is not for lack of trying from our women. In the summer we had a very heated and debate about our women and I commented that in Toronto the women create an independent women’s group, which they name “Snit”, but I was saddned to hear from one of its founders it was stopped in its tracks. This movement was celebrated with big speeches and fanfare, but some invisible hands intervened and could not move forward. We have to remember that for every woman who graces the PFDJ Guayal there is one who opposes it, but the “kobor junkies” are bullies, merciless and unfair in their fight. I am generally critical of the role of our women, those who I call the lapdogs of Askalu M (I hope Mahmud is not listening :-)), but I had hope when I talked tot he founders of “Snit”, I hope they will dust themselves off and start over

        • Mahmud Saleh

          Yes, I am hearing and coincidentally our limited brain cells are firing at the same time; I was responding to Mizan too. I remember you introducing “snit” and it’s sad to hear this news. Well, PFDJ has perfected tactics of infiltrations, just look how they assemble and disassemble the churches. It’s sad. With all due respect, the only place they have not been able to infiltrate is the small communities of Eritrean Muslim communities, at least in the west. Ente nay Askalu yeleKulan.

          • Semere Andom

            “With all due respect, the only place they have not been able to infiltrate is the small communities of Eritrean Muslim communities, at least in the west.” I AGREE!!
            The Asklu thing was to yank your chain, rem? I took up running so the 60 something Asklu will not beat me 😉

          • Mizan

            Dear memhir Mahmud and Semere. There is no better way to put this matter on the Spotlight than what you two are describing. On the PFDJ infiltration tactics, they have a clear and very defined agenda. And that is to have one youth Union, one women’s org, one church, and one community center in every city around the world where there are Eritreans with significant numbers. All these entities then would report to the corresponding embassy whereby channeling every penny they raise to the ambassador who will in turn deliver home.

            That is what I studied and conclusively came up with.

            But how we unify our women and make them equal stakeholders is beyond my abilities.

        • tes

          Dear Semere A.,

          First thank you for reminding me to keep my words.

          It is very sad to hear this news. But I will not be surprised. Today, in the Eritrean political opposition landscape, be it civic or political, greedness for power, greedness for available resources is the first priority. (We should not forget there of course responsible and strong ones).

          Let me tell you what my friend told me (my close). They started as a small group of Eritreans seeking for justice, like all over the world. During the first meeting, the zeal to fight for justice looked so high. Then drafting of rules and regulation came. Then, everybody started to whisper about the advantages one has being as a member. Parallel to that, after registering officially in the local area municipal, they brought another point by mentioning about the money that might be given in support or the building that it might given for performing activities and probably a club. Eveybody stood and talked about the coming financial opportunity and share it may generate. And worse, behind the meeting discussions, some came and tell experiences they have in running clubs bla bla. My good friend was disappointed for hearing this low anti-struggle spirit he found late among his coward comrades. He got disappointed and he left them and no justice camp was established since then.

          Therefore, this common greedy based disease and sometimes personal disagreement is leading us to no where. We must get a strategy to come out of this.

          With Regards
          tes

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Dear Mizan
        Perhaps the communities and other social groups need new blood. The problem I see ( and actually, personally face it ) is the old generation is still scarred by the effects of the long years of liberation struggle, we lack conflict management tools, leadership skills…so, involvement of the new generation of women who are better educated, and who know how to utilize resources available around them (from local governments, agencies and institutions central/federal agencies) better is important. I think it would be better if they started from a common ground, which would be women-specific, and build consensus upward towards other national issues, they can minimize their difference. Anyway, it’s a task that we must call for. I don’t believe we will make political change at national level without first making progress on this area.

  • farnelo

    Hi Ali Salim,

    You seem to be back to your “land grabbers” modus operandi. Albeit this time piggybacking on ELL. What is up? From state of “U-Turn” you are making “በ” turn again?

    Disclosure – did not read the article in its entirety but scanned the comments. ግዜ ጭሕሚ ሰበይቲ ኮይና።

  • Ali

    Ali Selam
    well written Thank you for your time and intellect. I beg for all lowlanders to give support for the proposal and orient themselves accordingly. It is important to understand that the highlanders might undermine the idea but we should not take this into consideration. We know that the highlanders are isolated from their southern partners and they are subdivided into zones(Awuraja). In the opposite the lowlanders are one because of the massacre, land confiscation, deprived of their right to use their language and religion and unfair distribution of resources. They have no good relationship in all the region because of their ego even with their south partners. But the lowlander is in good relationship with neighborhoods like Sudan, Yemen and Egypt in short with the Arab world.
    success to ELL

  • Elenta

    Selam Ali Salim,

    The language issue is a political strategy to not legitimize Arabic as a working language in Eritrea.They are achieving their goal.They have been able to cultivate a people with a mindset who see Tigrinya as the only option and Arabic as a non-Eritrean.

    When it comes to linguistically identifiable group: In 1997/1998 when the Eritrean government started training teachers who teaches “mother language” . Teachers training Institute (TTI) was accommodating two visibly distinct groups, the “ethnic” and “non ethnic “group.If you don’t speak Tigrinya fluently, or if you have some facial features that is not common in highlanders, or if your name is Muslim name, everyone assumes that you belong to the “ethnic group”.The others were identified as “not belonging to ethinic group”

    The “ethnic group’ were the common name used in shops, cafeteria and bars around Enda koka ,paradisso and
    mai-temanai area.

    After salsai worar(the 3rd Ethiopian aggression) these two groups were also visible in Asmara nursing school.

    The irony is in all area where these ethnic groups serve their community; their language is not used in hospitals,
    community /regional/administrative meeting. Whether you understand it or not it is Tigrinya. They don’t even use translators.

  • selam

    I am trying to write

  • Sarah Ogbay

    Dear Ali Salim,

    The word ‘ራእይ’ was not introduced by DIA. It has been in the tigrigna Bible for so, so, so many years.

    • Semere Andom

      Thanks Sara:

      It is mostly used as vision or revelation and actually it has been use as a male name and it has recently comeback in style and kids have being named “ራእይ.” I have never met “aboy “ራእይ,” but I know men named “ራእይ” way before DIA used it. The problem is the population repeats what DIA says and they think he created it or even what he uses are actually not Tigirinya. He has said “mfibrak” from fabrica and now it is used widely.
      Ali Salim was in hyperbole mode when he said the language doe not have a word for imagination.

  • selam

    can we have another article beyond this I some times think and suspect if there are some HGDEF supporters in the opposition groups because they just do not hold what is wrong ? , I mean are we looking to define our future based on grievances and suffering and continue to divide our people based on religion and region. I ask any one to correct me if i am wrong about these ELL and other ethnically and religiously based oppositions, they have no future in Eritrea unless they recognise PFDJ is killing any once hope and they are doing every possible damage to Eritreans , it will be wise if we all reject sucg groups to be defeted when ever they rise. Please do not take me wrong i am not saying they do not have any point what i am saying is all Eritrean people , lowlanders and highlanders are suffering and there is no way that any solution will come from we against them.

    My grand father was from ELF (abay jebha) and He gave his life for what he believed ,but i do believe this time is different . We should not entertain old , decayed ideas from old people not better than PFDJ or any kind of them.
    These people should have known better Eritrea is quite different from the time of 1980th.They should not waste time and money to have a meeting about lowlanders with out kunama and others. They should join the already established groups and contribute.

  • tes

    Dear Ali-Salim,

    I would like to say that your translation of the word “Imagination” is incorrect.

    Ra’ey – ራእይ: is Vision
    MQrats (ምቕራጽ), ብሓሳባት ምስኣል : is Imagination

    tes

    • Alazar

      I agree with you tes. He thinks he knows everything. problem is he has a bunch of idiots who listened and believed what he says.
      Moreover, his objective is to plant the seeds of hate within the Eritrean society.

      • tes

        Dear Alazar,

        Thank you. Just imagine now how his argument based on an incorrect word usage can lead into? Just imagine this and lets try to have the vision after.

        ቅረጽ (ሕስብ) እሞ ኣብሎ ሓደ ምጉት ኣብ ግጉይ ቃል ስተመርኮሰ ኣበይ ከምዝመርሓና፧

        ነዚ ጥራሕ’ሞ ሕስብ ነብሎ እንታይ ራእዪ ከምዝህልወና፧

        tes

        • Guest

          Imagination translated by Tigirina – English dictionary (Tekie Tesfai)

        • Guest

          As translated by Tigirina dictionary by Tekie Tesfai
          imagination and vision (see below)

    • Nitricc

      Hahaha i know the dictionary will come handy. As much as you study that worthless crap . Let me ask you this; can you imagine with out vision? Think for once.

      • tes

        Dear Nitricc,

        You can imagine yes Nitriic. For example, you imagined Ethiopia and especillay dedebitawyan and now the Eshi-Goytay, in which I am part, according to classification system, are number one enemy of Eritrea. You imagined that it is only fighting with enemy that the land of Eritrea can be saved. Your vision? No vision for sure though.

        Therefore, people like you can imagine without vision. You are not alone but lets keep it in between.

        tes

        • Semere Andom

          Hi Tes:
          You have to give credit to Nitricc some time ago in his assignment from Mahmuday he elevated your hometown to capital city of Senhit;-)
          He is making fun of your about dictionary, but English is your maybe third language and you are studied higher education with it and excelled and English is his first language and struggles with it, Tig is supposed to be his language but he struggles with it, but the is good a t the language of Dedebitawian. You get to give him credit. He hoists a useless piece of cloth not knowing what it stands for, he thinks it is a fashion statement. Instead of dear Tes, he starts with “Hahaha,” but you should keep addressing him as dear Nitric, he thinks he is responsible for the disappearance of Serray, and he wants to “disappear Hayat too, he is slaving for the biggest “hegemony” but thinks that he is fighting for Eritrea and he promised Teg. Semere Tesfay that he will continue his legacy, God forbade the legacy of Teg.Semere Tesfay and Teg. Mahmuday falls on the shoulders of Nitricc
          Keep addressing him as dear keep your promise to our hosts and stay assured that you will be the last one to say “hahaha”

          • Nitricc

            How do you know English to be tea’s 3rd language? what is amazing is your IQ is over the roof. don’t you ever worry about my English; only if you know with what i compensate for my bad writing. i could have told you but i don’t make you feel a total loser. so, let’s take it easy.
            one more thing please don’t lie; when did i say i am responsible for the disappearance for the people you mentioned? dude, you are boring.

          • tes

            Dear Nitricc,

            In fact, it is now my fifth language. I am born Blin speaker but got my education in Tigrigna and hence dominant one, growing hearing Tigre language and finished my first degree in English. I learned Amharic by default from friends. In between, Chinese came in but terminated because of strategic withdrawal. And now, my first language is almost coming to be French as I almost communicate daily with my colleagues using French. English, I use it here at awate university. More I have but it will be too much for you. But mqke sure, I can live among nine different language speakers without problem.

            tes

          • Nitricc

            Tes, I am just curious; so you are studying English in France? If not English, what are studying now? I command you for knowing that much language. You know Tigre very well. If you do I need a fever from you. I will give you a one short sentence and please translate that from English to Tigre. Would you please, Tes?

          • tes

            Dear Nitricc,

            Is that for your IQ test? Too low to bow to your longistic class. A small mind always gets exited and easily surprised and so you are.

            tes

          • Nitricc

            why don’t you answer me before you go all out and calling names? dude, you are one scik man. i was trying to be nice but who cares and who studys English? what a waste of time. trust me, if i were you i won’t get all that, it is a toothless English.

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