Inform, Inspire, Embolden. Reconcile!

PFDJ’s Identity

A young Egyptian school boy starts a recess time conversation with one of his schoolmates which run something like this.

After staring at his schoolmate who happened to be a fairly dark-skinned African kid, the boy started his conversation by asking; “huwan’tu endku mama w’baba za’yeena?” (Do you have moms and dads like us?).

At first, the African boy was totally flabbergasted, didn’t even know what to make of the question. He had heard before that Egyptians like to tease and make jokes, but he never imagined that any jokes could be that tasteless or that cruel. But sensing some innocence or perhaps even some naïveté in his schoolmate’s behaviour, the African boy didn’t get mad or anything, he just positioned himself as if he was going to give a long answer and then replied by saying “No, no we don’t”.   

The little Egyptian wasn’t going to settle for a brief answer like that, it would definitely inhibit his curiosity fling. But his African schoolmate new that too – he just wanted the question to come from him, so he just kept quiet and waited. And it came –“ummal tigu min’en?” (So where do you come from?) was the follow-up question.

“Look” said the African boy; as he went on to explain further, “In our country there is this huge mountain which has a tiny hole at one of its lowest extremities. We just crawl out through that hole one after the other – the same way ants crawl out of tiny holes in the ground”.

And the African boy went on to plead with his schoolmate not to ask him if ants actually had moms and dads (like them), because he figured, they could keep arguing well past their recess time, and that they might end up being reprimanded for showing up late for class.      

Almost twenty long years of absolute misery, degradation  and bone-chilling human carnage which makes one cringe in pain and utter disbelief just to think about, let alone to experience first hand – twenty long years of despicable atrocities under one of the most barbaric Ethno-Fascist regimes on earth; and as if that wasn’t enough of a morbid curse to befall a people , some among us just woke up from their long, long slumber, and are trying to tell us that they have discovered the magic pill, a pill which according to them, will cure many of our “perceived” ailments.   

Their pill, you ask? They just figured out how to “characterize” the HGDEF regime [PFDJ , the ruling party’s regime]. And that is not all the horror. They want to shove it down anybody’s throat – just about anybody who dares to hold a different view from theirs. One couldn’t make head or tail of this absurdity, couldn’t even tell if this is a cruel joke or sheer naïveté.

What is the message these folks are trying to convey here anyways?  That the only way the nation could be salvaged is by sucking up to bigots? That appeasing Ethno-Fascists by giving them a communal cover and not characterising them as what they truly are in the eyes of the aggrieved, Tigrignas and non-Tigrignas alike, is the only way to bring the rule of law to the country?

It is hard to find any other explanation when people are hell bent on telling you that the only way to build bridges between the different sectors of the Eritrean society is only through lies and deception, where people have to be coaxed or even bullied to ransom their convictions.

Bridges built under such pretexts do not last – they crumble at the first attempt of reaching out between the different sectors they are purported to connect. Case in point, the World is replete with many conflict zones where people suppressed and deferred their concerns (some even for centuries) instead of bringing them to the fore and addressing them; only to end up at each other’s throats, committing despicable atrocities against each other at the first opportune moment that availed itself.  

Prudence, even if for nothing else other than to learn from what’s been happening all around us, would require of us that the bridges we try to build be based on one simple, yet very important common denominator – honesty. If we can not be honest with ourselves let alone with others, we can only be taken for fools by the people we are trying to bring together. We can not bring people together through lies, bullying and condescending tactics and attitudes.

If we had succeeded and made important strides towards forming a united front against the regime in the past few years (culminating in the ENCDC) – then it is because, we listened to each other. Coercion wasn’t the order of the day but rather understanding each other’s aspirations, dreams, fears, aches and pains was what helped create a common ground.

Those who indulge in sugar-coating and re-writing their own history may have been left out, though at their own volition – but at the end of the day, the common ground which has eluded us for so long was eventually found when our people came to terms with many pertinent issues such as:  

  1. The full acknowledgment by many, that mistakes were made throughout our brief, yet turbulent history  
  2. The full acknowledgment by many that entire sections of our society couldn’t be maligned for the atrocities committed the diseased bigots among them
  3. The full acknowledgment by many, that as much as others have the full right to characterize HGDEF’s identity any which way they want, no one, absolutely no one, be it an individual or a group could ever accord themselves the right to force HGDEF’s many victims to abide by their characterization of the regime, and
  4. The full recognition that what matters now, at this juncture in our history, is the re-alignment of forces from all sectors of the Eritrean society with the sole aim of destroying HGDEF and empowering the Eritrean people to chart their own destiny  

Bridges built under such principles are among the sturdiest bridges which can not only withstand the test of time, but also help avoid the deliberate pitfalls set by the regime with the sole intention of prolonging its tyrannical grip on the nation. In a nutshell, it was through the building of such bridges by many sensible folks in the opposition camp, that we were able to circumvent HGDEF’s multi-layered obstructions.

That said, it is sad to see that some well-meaning folks still getting unwittingly suckered into HGDEF’s trappings. They easily get baited into the regime’s many ploys. If we look at this “totalitarian” (identity) crap and its suspect timing (right before the congress) – it had all the markings of the HGDEF regime itself. This is the typical modus operandi of the Ethno-Fascist clique and its multi-faceted apologists, who have permeated through every sector of our society.

Both the Ethiopians and the well-meaning folks they assembled for HGDEF’s christening (new “totalitarian” identity) may have all been suckered into believing that their ad-hoc assembly was for the good of then upcoming national congress. HGDEF thugs and their apologists may have been grinning ear-to-ear, thinking that their ploy would work and that the national congress would go in tatters.

Well, that didn’t happen, mainly because of the detractor-proof skills many sensible Eritreans have developed over the years. What HGDEF thought would be a major bone of contention was never turned into one. The congress was a success and HGDEF lost big time.

Now all that said and done, some among us are unfortunately embarking on a new style of discourse which will, though perhaps un-intended, bring this worn-out issue of HGDEF’s identity back to center stage again. It plays right into the traps set by the regime, and if anything, will allow the regime to take a second shot at it.

Strange as this may sound, this new style of oxymoron discourse is supposed to protect those they started referring to as “their” people. Unfortunately, the Ethno-Fascist HGDEF regime and its apologists have been harping on this old and tired “blame one, blame all” argument for over two decades now – it never protected any Eritrean; it just provided a convenient cover for the chauvinist thugs to commit their despicable crimes unabated.     

In our current predicament, it is silly for people to act as self-appointed disciplinarians, because not only will they end up adding more insults to the injuries of those they refer to as “them”, but also, they will unwittingly end up propping HGDEF’s raison d’être. If you come to think of it, it is the exact opposite of what they are purporting to achieve – a double irony of sorts, if you will.

None of our communities – Tigrignas and non-Tigrignas alike need to be babysat by anybody, least of all, the blame-one-blame-all crowd. They’ve all come to terms with their past, that is why despite their differences and varying social and political outlooks, they are all working together to give HGDEF its final push.

Miscellany:

Humility:

Our political discourse may sometimes take twists and turns to uncharted territories – but if we are ever to find a guiding light to avoid the path of self-absorption, eccentricity and arrogance – then we should all remember that we are a bunch of nobodies, yes absolutely nobodies when all our combined efforts are compared to the wailings and cries which even one mother makes at the loss of a child or a husband to HGDEF, s tyranny. Our combined efforts pale in comparison to the sheer agony inflicted on our grief-stricken people. That is also why our discourse shouldn’t be ego-driven.

But whatever we do, we should never get carried away in giving ourselves too much credit (it is sickening to blow your own horn) and particularly more so, when that is done at the expense of the victims.

It is important to remember that most of these victims left their burning towns and villages running bare-feet as terrified young orphans almost half a century ago. They have vivid memories and are fully cognizant of all the layers of bigotry that conspired against them over the years. The last thing on earth they need after having endured so much grief and pain is for someone to tell them how to address or characterize their tormentors.     

Arrogance:

What destroyed (it is destroyed) the Ethno-Fascist HGDEF regime more than anything else was its sheer arrogance. If there is a lesson to be learned here, it is the all-too-important lesson of not letting arrogance creep in and fester in our midst. 

Wa-Allah-ul Muafiq

kurchai@hotmail.com

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  • Bereket

    Am an Ethiopia and from the Tegaru origin /Agame/ and Honestly I just wanna know if there is gross difference between these two Tigreans in Tigray and Eritrea…… as to my observation I can’t really identify any viable difference among these people but I also know you are Eritrean while we are not but is this really different from what happened to Koreans/north and south/ and the Germans East and west/? I am confused looking at unbelievable similar people with different identity. Personally I couldn’t see major difference between these two people especially the Bihere-Tigrigna there in Eritrea and those Tigreans in Ethiopia.
    With due respect

  • Mohammed Ahmed

    Br. Khuro Tseba,

    Your sincerity is not in question here – that didn’t cross my mind even for a split second. When you were asked the question about the validity of censoring others, it was meant in the general context of the discussion/debate that is going on and not on a role you would assume as a censor. Anyways, you were kind enough to elaborate – which again, is reflective of your sincerity.

    Now what’s important here is that, based on your answer, it looks like we agree on the core issue, which is the right of PFDJ’s many /diverse victims to characterize the regime any which way they want, with a proviso of course, that maligning and , I quote “apportioning blame to a whole ethnic group” is not acceptable. So far so good – but where is our difference then?

    Unless of course – (a) attacking the ethnic agenda (cloaked in a nationalist garb) pursued by the dictator and his core support group (not the entire community) all along throughout their miserable existence – to this day, is considered as an attack on the entire Tigrigna community, which by the way is not and/or (b) no matter how hard people try to qualify their assertions so as not to paint the whole community with the same brush; their qualifications don’t mean a hoot and will still be ignored through flagrant acts of omission.

    Now, do you really believe that those who say they were victims of a vicious chauvinist ethnic agenda are really maligning the entire Tigrigna community – even if they have repeated ad nauseam that they consider the majority of the Tigrinas to be decent and peace loving people whose stake in the country is hinged to that of their compatriots from the other ethnic groups and vice versa? If so, how do you reconcile your two assertions?

    Keep in mind that no body is talking about wholesale representation here – and this was repeated over and over again ad nauseam. That doesn’t mean though that the dictator and his core supporters didn’t pursue a clandestine ethnic agenda which culminated in an Ethno-Fascist regime, and the rest as they say, is history.

    So why this flagrant omission? Why are the qualifications always ignored?

    I guess, even if for nothing else other than for the sake of clarity, this particular issue, which unfortunately seems to be the only sticking issue, needs to be explored more

  • b’Alti W’qatto Arwe (As in a girl with a dragon tattoo).
    • sara

      i just new today what it means w’qato in tigrina, in fact according to my frind , tattooing is very poplar in ehtiopia too, specially in the region of darta.. in north ethipia. she also said many aspiring “eritreans” who would look to the south for their future livelihood do try to have it most of the time, so that they could be easily integrated and accepted in that society.my friend couldn’t tell if arwe is tigrina as spoken in eritrea, may be she is young and not proficient enough with the language and culture of the country, but am curious if this arwe is a tiger or a fox.

      • L

        Arwe is a big sanke or Gebel that was 3000 years back in Ethiopia and ruled south Ethiopia for 400 years. They say and this is meto and sago.

        • sara

          why was my two line’r deleted?…it was a simple thank you to L and and
          anther question to L.

  • Hameed

    Dear brother Serray,

    It is positive to disown the regime and alien from the die-hard supporters and injustices perpetrated on all the segments of our people. I think you agree with me that the criminal is one, but the crimes on each and every Eritrean definitely vary from one person to another and from one segment to other. Some Eritreans lost their life, some lost their properties, some denied their religious rights, some denied their culture and some Eritreans have fallen upon them all the crimes combined.

    When you hear someone is screaming that he has lost his beloved one, we have to believe him and console him. Some other one complains of losing his property, we have to listen to him and sympathize with him. Every Eritrean complains of what has perpetrated upon him.

    I think it is not good to underrate the crimes that has fallen on others and overstate our own injustices. For example when Zula complains about injustices in language and culture we can’t tell him that this doesn’t happen. If Isaias put into practice Arabic and Tigrina languages equally, then we will not hear a complain about languages. This doesn’t mean that we are going to make Isaias a saint, and we are not going to hear about the other grievances. Isaias will remain the usurper of the Eritrean rights and criminal as far as he is committing crimes upon the people of Eritrea.

    Isaias carries out the divide and rule policy in Eritrea. He uses Tigrina language and culture as one of his tools to divide the people of Eritrea and we have to understand this. The time we realize that Tigrina language and its culture is used by Isaias to divide the people of Eritrea, then I think there will not be misunderstanding among our people.

    At a certain stage defining the ethnocentric regime may be acceptable, but at the present stage it is an acceptable because we are hearing openly from our brothers/sisters they disown the regime and it has no mandate from their side at least those who are with the opposition camp, therefore we have to accept their grievances and stop defining the regime as an ethnic regime. Tomorrow all of us together we will prosecute all those who committed the crimes, and I hope no one to come forward to defend them depending on ethnicity, religion or tribe.

    In parallel with this our brothers in the opposition should also stop painting their brothers as Islamists, Jihadists and triblists. One segment is not accepting ethnocentric regime and the other segment is not accepting Islamists, Jihadists and triblists. We are all nationalists seeking justice and democracy. We have to stop labeling each other with descriptions that we don’t accept. We have to respect each other as far as all of us are struggling for justice, democracy, human rights without an exclusion of any segment of our people due the name of his party or organization, as far as the organization abides by justice, democracy and human rights. With love and respect to all.

    • Serray

      Selam Hameed,

      I agree, specially with your last two paragraphs. This is how I see it, we are both running for our lives from a man-eating mad dog. Who used to own this mad dog before it went mad is irrelevant. We all know where it learned to eat men. This independence of ours has gone through some dark phase that neither our religion nor our culture can explain. One day, when we cornered this mad dog, we might want to know who fed and nurtured its madness but not right now, right now we have to run and fight…we can’t afford to waste our breath. At this point, there are few left, if any, we can shame to stop supporting these maniacs. Those who support it do so with eyes wide open.

      • Hameed

        Selam Serray,

        Thank you for your agreement with my opinion. Life is not stagnant and politics too. We have to change our mindsets according to changes on the ground and the requirements of our struggle against the regime. We have to choose positions that make us more effective and efficient. With love and respect.

  • timnit

    That the tigrigna ethnic group is being brutalized by the rogue regime as much or more than the other ethnic groups does not take away the fact that it constitutes the main power- base for the PFDJ. It also does not change the fact that the tigrigna culture, language and way of life have been deliberately propagated by the the founders of Nhnan Elamanan to the point that, after 30 years of struggle and 20 years of nationhood, most non-tigrigna Eritreans (especially inside Eritrea) have adopted the tigrigna language, dances, foods, attire, etc. . The reverse does not hold true.

    I personally believe that an Eritrea void of its rich diverse identities and cultures is an adulterated and weaker Eritrea. And, I unequivocally support the Eritrean ethnic groups that are fighting for survival and preservation of their respective ancestral land, culture and language. And who defines how far they want to take their quest? Themselves. Not those of us who don’t have a major stake in the outcome. My friends, facts speak for themselves. The sooner we get a grip of the reality on the ground, the better equipped we will become to keep Eritrea an intact and successful nation.

    Just my two cents:)

    • Mohammed Ahmed

      well said and to the point.

  • danny

    The Eritrean history is replete with suspicion between the highlanders and lowlanders hence the source of our political and social problems. Perhaps no one is to blame for this enclave, perhaps it has been a natural fault line all along history. It was probably what the British observed in the 50s and proposed to separate the two groups. The proposal may had been a life saver if it were given a chance to materialize. Eritrea, as I understand it, is a failed coalition of suspicious people of one another.

  • Walta Hager

    Hameed,

    You know what, our discussion reminds me an expression. i.e “ kab guyey m’al , ksad mehaz”. For those our young brothers and sisters if you are puzzled of the expression, what it means is that something like, let us not go around the bush, and be to the point. Basically what we (some and I) are saying is that the stick that is beating the victims belongs only to the one who has power and his few yes men. It is inappropriate and it is not right to put all the errors in one basket ( b’jamla) then blame every Tigrigna speaking people for crimes they did not commit. However, if you continue blaming everyone because they speak the same language as the one who is doing all the bad things, you are making a big mistake. Remember, no matter what we say now, at the end, the honest and the fare minded people will hold the steering wheel and will drive us to our destination.

    • Hameed

      Dear Walta Hager,

      The first thing you Walta Hager have to recognize well that all human beings have minds and can understand the same or more than you Walta Hager. You Walta Hager are not the only man that realize things. I hope you Walta Hager got what I mean. With regards.

  • http://Awate Amanuel Hidrat

    Zula,

    You said “attacking ethnocentric people doesn’t mean attacking tigregna people as a whole.” My friend it is the same. Which ethnic is being called ethnocentric? In their eye Ethnocentric regime=Tigrigna regime. They know to which ethnic that are calling. It is mind boggling that don’t even think that we are in the opposition camp. Oh yea, we are told that our presence in the opposition just to appease the regime.

    The ball will keep rolling, but we will see if they win the other side by bashing. We are there together. We will say to them good luck.

    • http://myawate.awate.com/members/zula/ Zula

      Dear Amanuel
      I am not talking on behalf of opposition but sharing my own expereince so far. No more no less. Lets forget all I said so far and let me ask you on question.

      What do you call a system that prefers to deal with its citizen in one choosen language or a Foreign language over their native language ?

      This is what I am talking about, to be served by the civil service you have to be fluent in the choosen language otherwise you are no body. Isn’t this a big concern to those who are affected by it ?

    • Serray

      Zula,

      Lets pump a little more air to your question. Say, shaebia made tigrigna and arabic official languages in 1991 and continue to act exactly the way they are acting….no freedom, no justice, no free press and complete ownership of the country. The same repression but in two languages. What would you call it, tigrigna/arabic ethno-fascist regime or would you loosen your ethnic view a little bit? Mind you, I am going by your…”What do you call a system that prefers to deal with its citizen in one choosen language ….”.

      You said you carry Ethiopian passport and speak ethiopian language. While you were in ethiopia, I am sure you noticed the country has a few languages and dozens of dialects but the official language is amharic. Even the tigrians ruling the country conduct all official businesses in the language of the amhara. Try to see language as a shovel not as a prestige.

      You know, listening to you people try to justify your ethnic soaked view is like listening to right-wing republicans trying to justify why they hate the Obama administration. They never come out and say it. You say it is because it is of what they do, but when we point out they do things to us as bad; you switch it to land, and when we point out they own all land, yours and ours by force, you switch it to number of employees and when we point out to the slaves, you switch it to language. For once, why don’t come out and say what is really bothering you.

      Mohammed,

      I am glad we agree on one thing, the most important thing, if you ask me. By us I mean those who are dismayed by your unfair and unjust characterization of the brutal and inhuman regime as highland/christian/tigrigna fascist regime….you know, the subject of your piece.

      • http://myawate.awate.com/members/zula/ Zula

        Dear Serray
        You and I and others discussed this topic (Ethnocentrism) for a long time back in the old days of Awate forum. We don’t see eye to eye on the subject as our experiences are different.

        Nothing more to add, lets just be respectful to each other.

      • Mohammed Ahmed

        Serray,

        Problem is, your reference to “us” is a bluff. In your first comment you presented it bombastically as a national divide and now it is just a groupie designation; interesting. But here is the real deal why your “us” designation is flawed –

        There are many decent and self-respecting Tigrignas just like you by the way, but who totally disagree with your approach on this issue. That doesn’t make them any less Tigrignas than you.

        As for the definition given in your answer instead of the requested proof (where we left off the last) well, I will let that spin pass – we are all adults, I presume.

  • Elsa

    Can someone please tell me what “smerrr” or simerrr” means? I’ve asked this one another article but I don’t believe I got an answer. Thank you :)

    • Saleh Gadi

      Smer is a movement by Eritreans against the tyranny of the PFDJ. The multiple rrrrr is just a word play, to emphasize the R sound at the end of Smer, thus, Smerrrr. Check the facebook page of the group or follow it on Paltalk, you will not be disappointed.

      • Elsa

        OK, but is it an acronym for something or does it mean something in Tigrinya or Tigre or any other language? Couldn’t find the page on facebook btw/
        Thank you!

        • Saleh Gadi

          Sorry Elsa, I shouldn’t have guessed. Smer means UNITE in Tigrinya and it would go UNIIIIIIIITE

        • Soira

          elsa

          you can find it on facebook. “Eritrean Youth Solidarity for change”

        • Elsa

          thx folks!

  • Zhaile

    let me put it this way, I am a Christian lowlander. I understand very well what my Moslem brothers are saying. My grand mother and most of my cousins are/were Muslims.

    What I like to say here though is that many numbers of Biher Tigrinya are saying Issayas does not represent us . We (the non Tigrinya opposition) should be happy. We should say well and good, receive them with open arms and fight back the ugly system. As far as history is concerned it is not going to change anyway anymore. It will stay there and can be discussed in the future.

    By the way is also dead sure that Biher Tigrinya masses do not like him. Otherwise he would just go to the polls right away.In 1999 there was a lot of giffa in Asmera. So I let my beard grow to look like an old man. Boy, oh boy…what a wrong trick, I was being taken as a Jihadist. And it went worse. I was more under the eyes of the security. Unless you lived experiences like you can never tell what it looks like. And as anyone we say that is nothing.

    I can’t blame an Eritrean Muslim for what he says based on his experience because the Eritrean independence basically never materialized for Eritrean Muslims even the nominal one. The few Muslims visible in the circles of power, we are learning now that they were/are virtual prisoners. Will add more, sooner or later some political/economic and other matters will be put on the table for discussion and give and take compromise. Non-Tigrinya ethnic groups and Muslims should work to find the like of Amanuel Hidrat to Burgan with rather than Semere Tesfai and the likes. Even if we cannot decide who represents the Biher Tigrinya we can influence the outcome in many ways. The past Eritrean politics had faults along these lines. Just think about it.

    [From moderator: Just so you know, writing in caps communicates, "I am yelling at you." And your tone is exactly the opposite, so please lower case letters next time.]

    • http://eri Lameak

      Calm down xxx, I thoughe this site are Eritreans on Ertra case. The Haile, if you are an Tig/Ethiopian and Tigria and Ethiopia are your country and people there suffernig. If You are an Eritrean what is your waze and nerve (XXX XXX X XXX) here? Back to old days drama if you wish, but Kebessa and Metahet are our homeland ground so stop your uncivilzed tribes nose. Period!!

      • Zhaile

        Lame duck, you do not desrve an answer.

  • http://Eri Lameak

    The same page like “we are the one “sing song and fire by one gun to one side hole.Can any one give us a break moment.Pls change the massage into corrct cornor.
    Everytime when I oppen this window I sure I will get the same word from this people like”HGDF or Isaias doing this and YPFDJ are so and so on …..all the time the old dergue and Woayne song.
    Shabia are people and HGDF means Hizbawi Gnbar ni DemocraisiN fithin.cia’o

  • Mohammed Ahmed

    Serray
    You said, “All analogies break at one point”; well wrong – you are wrong. That might have been a rule of thumb at Mrs. Gertrude’s debating class from the kinder years for the kids, but for you to state that here and so emphatically is a bit surprising.

    Analogies, fables or anecdotal references do not always break at a point – in fact more often than not, mature audiences/ readers (as in this case) try to make inferences based on their perceptions of what is being depicted. This way, the inferences could be drawn along many lines as one goes through what follows in the article.

    These days, you could even find children who don’t like to be fed the moral of a story upfront (too passé); they like to tell on their own what they make of it.

    As for not using shabia in the title, which is yet another old and tired argument of the composition thing – I believe I have already stated my humble opinion on it before; something along the lines, Wuchu’s mistress has more say in Eritrean politics than Ramadan Fiori et al combined. They may have been used along the way as stupid decoys (as they still are) but they weren’t privy to the special circulations of anbibka ahlif, sentik, nehnan elamana etc. (the real blue prints for the agenda).
    The only thing I agree with in your comment with a caveat of course is where you said “there is no way in hell you and us are we”. The simple caveat is; you have to prove that you represent those you refer to as “us” in your assertion.

  • haile

    The story about the Egyptian boy reminds about the movie of the late 1970′s titled ‘Sadat’ that was banned in Egypt either by Sadat himself or his goons. After the Camp David Accord between Sadat’s Egypt and Begin of Israel orchestrated by Jimmy Carter a movie was made about Sadat starring Lou Gosset, an African American. The Egytpian were so angry on the temetry of the director to select a black actor to represent Sadat. I know many Egyptians that have similar inferiority complex .. So much for the Boudein mutilating our brothers and sisters to profit from their organs thinking they are better human beings.

  • http://myawate.awate.com/members/zula/ Zula

    Is PFDJ ethnocentric entity ?
    This argument has been raging for ages. On one side people has been saying that PFDJ is ethnocentric based on their expereince and on the other side people were saying no it is not ethnocentric but a full blown dictatorship with no favor to one ethnic over the other.

    These two arguments are not matching since each is based their argument on their experience with the entity but failed to see the expereince of the others and understand what their judgement is based on and the “My way or the high way” way of thinking is making the two camps diverge instead of converge with time.

    When people see things in their own way only , they fail to see the bigger picture and fail to cross the border to the OTHERS and understand their prospective. I will give you a small example how this self prospective creates big misundertanding among groups.

    A man went to a hotel suite where Stevie Wonder was staying. He had a prior arrangement to see him and when he knocked the door, stevie opended the door and invited him in. The man was so confused when he saw stevie and the suite which was pitch dark and stevie had shaving foam on his face. The man asked stevie, how he manages to shave in that pitch dark room and stevie replied by saying, darkness is part of my life. The man failed to see things from the prospective of the blind, which was what he should have done in this scenario.

    So the message of this small story is that, let’s not just observe things from our own small prism, let’s see what others are experiencing to make them say what they are saying. If people are saying that PFDJ is ethnocentric entity based on the fact and expereience that they witness, let’s not tell them they are wrong as PFDJ is just a dictatorship entity. Because it could be that PFDJ is both ethnocentric and dictatorship with each group expereinceing only one side of PFDJ.

    • http://Awate Amanuel Hidrat

      Zula,

      We don’t define leaders by their ethnic identity, rather we should define them by their political characteristics, how they come to power, nature of distribution of economic and political power within the state, and by the nature of the oppression if there is any. If one tries to define by ethnicity it simply shows that he/she has a deep seated hatred. We can only pray God to give him mercy.

      • Zula

        With All due respect Mr. Amanuel
        People define the leadership of a country in a non democratic state by those who are the wheeler and dealer of its internal affair as well as the identity of the leader which is more or less the same as of those who wheel and deal. That is why the Durge and previous ethiopian governments are called Amara , that is why the Sudanese politics is called Arab, the same thing in Kenya and othe african and non african dictatorship lead countries. This is not just an exception to Eritrea. The fact is the wheeler and dealer in Eritrea at present is the Tigreigna language and its culture at the expense of the others and that is what made people to call the leadership ethnocentric , NOT the ratio of tigreigna people they kill or inprision over the non tigregna people.

        • http://Awate Amanuel Hidrat

          Zula,

          The reason why “the Durge and previous ethiopian governments were called Amara” was (a) due to lack of broad political consciousness. Despite we had a historical basis why we fought for political independence, the main reason of our struggle is (a) due to social injustice (b) political suppression (c) economic exploitation. Otherwise you don’t fight simply for independence because one ethnic is power.

          For any revolution to occur the driving issues are always political, social and economic reasons to galvanize the national movement against any ruling regime, be it foreign or domestic. The problem with the third world politics though is deep seated hate on ethnicity rather than to see its dimensions on economic and social justice. Ours is not different from that as far as we are defining the regime as ethnocentric regime.

          • http://myawate.awate.com/members/zula/ Zula

            Dear Br. Amanual
            The Eritrean ethnocentric political system doesn’t represent all the people of that entity, but only some section of the entity. This is a fact and no body is denying it, but still the regime didn’t stop from strengthening the language and cultural identity at the expense of other groups, which is also a fact. What the non tigregna people are going through in Eritrea might not be fully appreciated or understood by the tigregna people. This is like a white guy saying my best friends are black or the geust of stevie wonder finding hard how steve manages to shave in the dark. Unless you speak Tigregna in Eritrea your status is not acknowledged, as the eritrean institution and civil service are full of ethnocentric mentality

            Let me give you an example from personal experience.
            Once upon a time I went to register for my Eritrean identity in a local embassy. The staffer was filling the form while asking me a question. When it comes to a language he asked me what my mother language is and I told him. Based on that information, he completed all the language related form section by his own will by saying your language can only be spoken but not written. Not even had the custasy to ask me if I can read/write/speak the language.

            Seconly, once upon a time, I travelled to Eritrea with an Ethiopian passport. At Asmara airport the immigration officer look at my passport and id card and took me to the head of security office. I sat oppsite him and he start talking in Tigregna and I politely replied that I can’t speak Tigrena, I speak other Eritrean language as well as Amharic. He then told me how much he hates Amharic and I said OK we can talk in other Eritrean language. Suddenly without any further delay or without tell me that he doesn’t speak any other Eritrean language except tigregana, he started a conversation in fluent Amarhic language. These tells me that he prefers to speak in Amharic that a language he hates so much over speaking any other non tigregea Eriteran language or acknowledging that he only speaks tigregena.

            These are the smaller stauff the makes people angry. When you are not acknowledge for who you are but for what you should be.

            By the way, are you telling me that lack of political awareness is the primary reason why the state of one countries leadership mechanism is labelled by its ethnic identity ?

            I don’t buy this broad political consciousness stuff that you are talking about. Political consciousness or awareness didn’t just happen in Eritrea, but it happened in Ethiopian and all other countries that are currently governed by one elite ethnocentric entity. That is why the ethiopian government is called Weyane tigray by its intelligentsia. Evenif they went through over 40 years of political awakening since the fall of Haile Sellasie, the same in Syria, Iraq, Libya, Congo. So please lets stop saying we are different, which we are not. We are the same as anyone people in the world going through political movement. people go to war either to fight injustice or to get power, no more and no less.

            Finally, attaching ethnocentric people doesn’t mean attaching Tigregza people as a whole.

  • Walta Hager

    Brother Hameed,

    I like your sarcasm though. But I can tell you this, forget “ Kilashinkof ” what we got then was something else, which doesn’t matter what it was now as that is not the issue at hand. But seriously, do you really think the question of ethnicity that is raising now is our main problems now? From what we see and what is clear is that all our ethnic groups are suffering from the bad policy of the government that only accommodates a small group his own yes

    • Hameed

      Dear brother Walta Hager,

      Forget about my sarcasm, the reason why you mentioned that is understood from what followed. When you joined the struggle you came to an established front that has gone a long way through very difficult time. You didn’t live the formation years of the struggle so you don’t know how difficult it is. The stage in which you joined the struggle is considered the liberation of Eritrea for those who survived the formation years.

      If you Walta Hager want Eritrea to live in peace be open and honest with your country men/women.

  • Walta Hager

    Brother Hameed,

    Yes we are on the 21st century but the discussions that is going and issues that are rising each and every day sounds more of the sixties and seventies, which is becoming very problematic to deal with. But on my earlier comments what I wanted to convey was that, just for all of us to focus and spend our time and energy in solving our immediate problems, to free our people and refrain from blaming the victims. Look the “ethno fascists “explanation. How could one say it over and over while it is obvious this categorization includes the victimizes as well? I find this inappropriate and diversionary categorization the era of sixties and seventies.

    • Hameed

      Dear brother Walta Hager,

      In one of my previous comments, I mentioned that Isaias is from China and his worshipers are Chinese. If it helps also I am ready to give my name Hameed to Isaias. Choose as you like and be honest.

  • Khuro Tseba

    Well said Ustaz Mohammed. As always, I found this last article of yours insightful. I am sure it will give many readers of Awate to look at this issue of ours from different perspectives. This being said, however, I may add that I don’t agree with this naming of the PFDJ regime as ethno-fascist- not only with you of course with anyone. A fascist I may live with. The reason why I am saying this is simple. The despicable regime in Asmara does not represent any group or creed at all- except its toady followers, be them from whatever ethnic or religious group. As you clearly know PFDJ is a transformed or renamed EPLF. And as far as I am concerned (and many Eritreans are concerned I believe), EPLF was as much Islamic as it was Christian and as much was for the lowlanders as it was for highlanders at the time the Ethiopians were ousted from Eritrea, irrespective of how and why it was formed. This is to say that there was enough number of Muslims, from the different ethnic or linguistic groups fighting under EPLF if not more or equal to the christians. May be there were more Muslim- lowlanders than Christian-highlanders, I don’t know. Someone can enlighten us here. From what we know, there were as many Muslim brothers who were at the top helm of the EPLF starting from the 70s. To come back to my point, with all due respect to your opinion, it would be unfitting to dub PFDJ as ethno-Fascist for the simple reason that it does not represent any ethnic or linguistic group except its own clique, which I believe are from different ethnic groups even though the proportion may differ. You can have the right to characterize this despotic regime in whatever way you like, equally I have the right to controvert your point. No one, absolutely no one, be it any group or individual, even those who have been wronged and victimized by this regime, can shove it down my throat that this ignominious regime with its unhinged and cowardly upper level echelons, a lot of which were and are Muslim lowlanders I might highlight, represent me, or the ethnic or religious group I am a member of. For me such blanket statement polarizes us the victims and benefits the dictator. Our Muslim brothers and the ones from the lowlands in particular may have suffered the most under this regime, but that does not give anyone the right to make such a statement that sounds like the regime is working to benefit or privilege a certain ethnic or religious group. Let’s work together and only can see to the demise of PFD if we get united. Anything else is secondary.

    • Mohammed Ahmed

      Khuro Tseba

      Thank you so much for the kind words – I appreciated it. You said that you don’t agree with the naming of the PFDJ regime as Ethno-Fascist. You are fully entitled to that and it doesn’t make you any less of a citizen, say if you were to call the regime just a fascist, as you said you prefer to. That said, do you think anyone could play the role of a censor and force others to abide by that characterization?

      It is no secret that HGDEF means different things to different victims. Just look at the wide spectrum of the opposition groups – they didn’t pop up all of a sudden just for the heck of it; they must have had legitimate grievances – at times, matter of life or annihilation situations. Who in his right mind could dictate to these victims how to address HGDEF?

      What is being abhorred here my friend is the forced conformity which at best will be disingenuous and at worst outright deceptive. Either way, not the stuff anyone could use for bridge building.

      Regards

      • Khuro Tseba

        Brother Mohammed

        Here I am not, and you very well know I can attest, hinting in any way that people should be forced to abide by someone’s depiction or characterization. But I am sure if someone chose to depict the rogue regime in Eritrea as democratic and nationalistic, you would be at the forefront to reprimand if not name-call that person for that unfitting characterization. And that is just what a lot of us are doing. But then you could clearly and in simple language explain to us what you really meant by ethno-fascist?
        Indeed HGDEF means different things to different victims, even victims who are from the same ethnic group, clan and family. And no one is questioning the valid reasons of emergence of the opposition groups.
        But it is puzzling and even concerning to read statements that apportion blame to a whole ethnic group for the sickening and monstrous criminality of a certain junta which is made up of criminals from all ethnic\religious groups in Eritrea. Each individual or group is accountable for their actions. They begin and end with the criminals who commit them, not collectively with all the Tigrigna ethnic group that Isayas so happen to be a member of in our case. For instance, I would be a fool and cynical proper if I were to blanket characterize my Muslim brothers as ”jihadists” simply because some Islamic group perpetrated a crime against the supposedly “infidels”. And such is your characterization. No one should manufacture a blood libel that serves only to incite the very hatred and violence they purport to condemn. It is sad and concerning when one reads a motive between the lines.
        Again I would reiterate that it is very wrong to hold others of the same ethnicity collectively responsible for the crimes committed by HGDEF. The act of monstrous criminality of the Isayas regime on any single person or group end only and only with him and his juntas. The stigma should not extend to no other person or group, even if the ruling junta officially had declared that it was doing what it had been doing in the name of the group or creed that you are hell bent to associate Isayas with. The reason is simple: doing so does not benefit no one. Rather it does the dictator. Gin “Kibeliiewa zideleyu aba gumbahsi….” iyu tinegeru. Hatred breeds hatred my brother.
        May we all have the wisdom to diffuse the tension among us so that we direct our energy to dismantling the rogue regime?

  • Serray

    All analogies break at one point. This one breaks without making a point. So a stupid Egyptian kid and a bored “african” kid are talking. The stupid Egyptian kid asks the bored “african” kid if he has a mom and dad and the “african” kid tells the stupid Egyptian kid to get lost, not in those words but you get my drift.

    I am trying to relate the story to our situation. Given there are two players in the article: those who want to brand the pfdj an ethnic regime( but not shaebia even though shaebia is exactly the same as pfdj) and the rest of us. Now who is the stupid Egyptian kid and who is the bored “african” kid? The moral of the story is, or ought to be, the stupid Egyptian kid should know better than ask such a brain dead question. I doubt the moral of the story is the response of the “african” kid.

    Mohammed, how come you didn’t call your piece Shaebia Identity, I mean shaebia = pfdj in ethnic composition? It would have been more honest. The reason you didn’t is the reason you don’t make sense to me. But if you insist on selective disowning, allow us to to refer to you as them cause there is no way in hell you and us are we.

  • Walta Hager

    Why are this mistrust and the unhealthy talks that are popping up this time? Is this what our people really need now? Well we will see where this will lead us though. Although there may not be a short answer for that, I feel this it will continue for long time up until there is full understanding of each other that each one of us has different ideas, feelings, and values that we treasure. And our difference should be accepted as such, as they are inalienable part who we are, which gives a meaning color to our diversity as a society. But as there are some spoilers in any society at any given time, ours can’t be different and sadly enough, it is happening now. While the primarily goal should have been to confront our enemy with a united and decisive force up until the power is handed to its owners the people, there will be some who will not stop creating issues that dived us and make us waste our time and energy for untimely call. What else, they will always try to inject divisive ideas to hijack and weaken the main issues of the day and what our people are demanding, peace, justices and freedom to lead their own lives.
    Besides what should be clear and what we would like the spoilers to know is that, we shall not allow one to blame and create division among various segments our society and take matters on their own hand for their own personal or group interest. We know this phenomenon is not new as we have seen that before and we will fight it hard.
    As many of our compatriots recall, in the mid seventies, while many of us from the highland in our teens and twenties started to join the armed struggle (ELF) to fight the enemy and scarify our lives for independence, there were many who abandoned the armed struggle and left the field for good. At that time we really felt unwelcomed and did not even understood the reason why that was happening. Those left us some of them joined the organizations of their choice and some of them left to the neighboring countries to start a new life. It was not an easy situation, and some of us felt really uncomfortable. A lot of us were asking why the lowlanders did not trust the highlanders and started to abandon the armed struggle? I am not sure, but could it be because of the Eritrean field started to be dominated by young Eritrean highlanders? I don’t know the answer to that, but we from the highland only joined the Eritrean field to do nothing else, but happily to fight the enemy and scarify our lives for a good cause. Not only that, as time went by, we heard many of those lowlanders who left us went to the Middle Eastern countries to continue their education and eventually be future leaders of Eritrea. Very good idea, but at the same time one could ask is it fare while the young fighters from the highland scarify their lives fighting the enemy forces and others go away for educating? You be the judge. Having said that though there is no regret of what we did, we were very devoted to our goals and it never crossed our mind and treated our people differently, no matter who they are or from which segment our population they were. We knew we had a long way to go, and it did not matter if some had bad intensions and betrayed the good cause of our struggle, we understood that was part and parcel of our long struggle which we have to endure the tough situations and eventually overcome the obstacle. At that time, what we learned from matured individuals was that, those who left the field will one day come back with big resources and provide some sort of contributions to our society and will help narrow our difference as well. Most of all, we expected each of them to come back as leaders with a neutral and unbiased mind set who can teach and revolutionize the long rooted old beliefs, and sentiments , era of the fifties and sixties, “Zemen Kifltat”. But it is really sad to see from some writers “we vs. them” dialog again which is not what we need now, if we really want to heal and gradually narrow the long rooted mistrust of the old days. We should overcome that by now.
    But no matter what happened before, one thing that is not going to change is that, we love our lowland population because they are one segment of our innocent and generous people of our society, who share what they have, and always say “ T’fedel”. Not to mention their integrity and honesty once they trust you as a good person. Without division, we will advocate for freedom, peace and equality of our all people. While doing that we will not allow spoilers to advocacy and create division of our people based on, tribe, region and religion. We will confront those individuals who sound and pretend to care more for our lowland population than those who are tirelessly working for social justices and democratic change of our people as a whole. But who knows, these spoilers who are trying to divide us may be those who left us then, when we really need them during the difficult times of our struggle, but now trying to create division among us and derail the struggle for the democratic change.

    • Hameed

      Dear brother Walta Hager,

      Revise your comment well and you will get the answer. We are not in the seventies, we are in the twenty-first century and building bridges require a fresh approach with an open mind that enjoys openness and transparency, not the crooked minds of the seventies.

      • Hameed

        Dear brother Walta Hager,

        When you joined the struggle in the seventies your father didn’t send you full armed holding your Kilashinkof. You have got an established front ELF that provided you with all what you need for struggle. All what you got in the field didn’t drop from the sky, but it came through hard struggle in a very testing time.

        Even Isaias whom some are proud of didn’t establish a Front from scratch but he has stolen an established front, and this is the reason that he was hidden behind Romodan Mohammed Nur until 1986.

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear Walta Hager,

      I have taken a lot of lessons from Awate and among the best lessons I got is to see things not only from your experiences and background only but to see things from others experience and mind too. When you start things from all sides and from all minds you will find the balanced and great solutions and you will come up with new upgraded knowledge and wisdom. you will be kind of everyone even you will help and give your right hand to take out of the criminal camp every one. you will be come humble and free of confusion. If I will see and judge things only from my experiences I will not be in harmony with other Ideas and I will destroy the common ground.

      I sill respect your post above but I want you to come with new creative and a leading ideas so you will not be part of the problem but part of the solution. Take a time and start to read what Aklilu said when I ask him for support on the same subject. that is a great lesson.

  • Kokhob Selam

    I was a bit away and I miss those wonderful articles of Awate. just 24 hours but it seems to me a long time. how are people living far from Awate?

    • Hameed

      Dear Kokhob Selam,

      We missed you a lot. You are a valuable asset of the present and future democratic Eritrea. If you run any election in future democratic Eritrea I will vote for you even if you are above hundred years old as far as you relish health. Oh our Lord bless your slave Kokhob Selam with health the whole of his life and guide him to happiness in here and after life . Amin

      • Kokhob Selam

        Hammed,

        God, what a nice words, thank you very much. KBRET YEHABELEY. Since we have optimistic people like you, there will not be any problem in our new democratic Eritrea. But about the election it is not the man it is his Ideas and the systems that we all should care. So don’t forget to select my Ideas and if needs to be corrected or updated please don’t hesitate to do your best.

    • ahmed saleh

      It is hard to take sides to unhealthy discussion at this critical stage. We are all victims by now from this atrocious system of PFDJ, so the arguments stated doesn’t sound constructive guys. Couldn’t learn from our experience not to fall down again to relentless shrouded thoughts. If
      we want forsure looking forward for change we should concentrate to what is best for our own common interest. Remember, we are together in this journey so please do not fall to that devious sentiment. At the same time have a little consideration not to confuse some readers particularly the fresh- minded youngs. PFDJ policy did enough damage to our youth mentality. Our main obstacle is the political disconnect with our people’s concerns which is causing fear and suspicion to each other. I think we have obligation to turn it to the other right way around.
      N.B. I know many on this forum are SEWRA veterans, going back remembering our Martyrs the ones stuck in our memory, GOD BLESS THEM ALL, are from every region, ethnicity, religion….. and that is our pride as one people. For the sake of their promise lets preserve one ERITREA.
      GOD BLESS ERITREA AND ERITREANS. Awate commentators are always admired for your civil approach of arguments, keep it up, thanks for you effort.

      • Kokhob Selam

        Ahmed,
        yes ended, there is a saying in our language “AB WEG’E ZEYW’ALE BELIH” and more than the war with colonialist it was the war we face between our fronts much more difficult and even more than that was the biggest challenge we face within the front. I can see it today again keeping the common ground alive and working in the same roof is not easy. honestly speaking challenging your own self is the most difficulty job everybody faces. but the base remains even on one self. controlling your emotions is the most important part in solving social problems.you see you don’t give if you don’t have . yet, I feel we are doing fine and we have enough experience but taking things easy and arranging properly is not easy and we need to cooperate. As I can see some of us are going a bit outside the ring (becheq becheq y’blena alo) and here is the exam to see the true strength of ours. while saying and complaining is good and it is openness but we have to use our wisdom. we should not wait others to comfort us but each one of us should have self confidence and be away of childish charter.

  • rodab

    I don’t know if people have noticed this but EriTV is slowly dropping its embarrasing “Serving the Truth” logo. They must have noticed the public rediculing about its irony.

  • http://Awate Amanuel Hidrat

    This is the current reality of Eritrean people in the Sinai desert and check each of us what we are talking about.

    Abused Eritreans in Sinai Desert
    http://www.youtube.com
    Share

  • sara

    let us be honest , the article here is not about how to be creative in writing English essays or an egyptian nu’qta as depicted by our sister wekiti. Al ustaz al khebir mohamed is telling us literally there , in Eritrea a bone chilling human carnage, despicable atrocities are committed by the diseased bigots, barbaric ethno fascists under communal cover i.e totalitarian (identity) crap etc. Those who are writing mujjamela should do us a favor if they also know this is how the situation is in Eritrea.

    • Mohammed Ahmed

      Thank you so much for your kind words.

  • Hameed

    Yes brother Mohammed we should all come down and sit down on the ground. In fact I call our arrogance a faked arrogance. All Eritreans know each other, we are all poor and half baked minds. None of us can tell we have a noble prized person or a genius in science who come out with a new devise or a prominent person any field of knowledge that we can mention. We are a failed people in education, politics and business. Can any one of us mention an internationally known businessman who owns milliards. Nothing. The Eritrean people are humble and respected people, but there are some individuals who think they know everything while they know nothing. Even they don’t know their people history and culture. May be they know a shaky history and culture of their village, that is all.

    In fact a well cultivated person will never become arrogant. You can always find him humble, respected and honest. Arrogance, opportunism and hypocrisy all this we get it with those who are half baked minds and devoid of competence and confidence, every shout they consider it is directed towards them. They lead a life of uneasiness.

    • Mohammed Ahmed

      Ahlan Br. Hameed,

      I couldn’t agree with you more, we have quite a bit to catch up on. Arrogance is very debilitating and it has always gotten in the way. And the cruel irony is that there are some among us who mistake it for pride.

      • Hameed

        Thank you brother, Mohammed. I take a deep sigh whenever I hear they mistake arrogance for pride. what a pity! Is there anything left in Eritrea to feel proud of? Our people back at home are slaves of Isaias and the rest refugees or semi-refugees who are called metaphorically citizens of the host nations who provide them with peace and a respected life. This means they live on the works and stability created by the peoples of other nations. They are dependents on other peoples democracies and rights. Is this makes one feel proud or arrogant? And the worst of all his siblings the youth organs are presented in the international markets for sale. (شحاذ ولئيم) a beggar and villain. wow.

  • b’Alti W’qatto Arwe (As in a girl with a dragon tattoo).

    Mohammed Ahmed,

    Of course, I don’t mean to inject a trivial spin into your otherwise well written of a substance piece but I found your narrative about the two boys rather amusing and curious to say the least. I am not sure if it is a Freudian slip on your part when you referred the “interlocutor” (for lack of a better word) kid as an Egyptian and the other kid as an African as if Egypt is not part of Africa. Interesting.

    • Saleh AA Younis

      b’Alti W’qatto:

      Quick note: Mohammed Ahmed is probably narrating a story as told by Egyptians. The Egyptians refer to anyone from sub-Saharan Africa as “African”–Afarika. Because, you know, Egypt is not in Africa, it is in the Middle East. Identity politics.

      saay

      • b’Alti W’qatto Arwe (As in a girl with a dragon tattoo).

        Sal,

        No wonder I got my Globe from a flea-market in such a cheap price. It got all the countries in Africa misplaced when Egypt is supposed to be in the Middle-East. Thanks for the lesson.

        • http://myawate.awate.com/members/wediere/ Wediere

          b’Alti W’qatto,
          Next time don’t go for cheap staff :).

          On a serious note, are you aware that in the past the maps were drawn up side down or with reversed North-South. Not only that, the majority of maps we use exaggerate the size of the Europe and America (Northern and Southern extremes are stretched out when projecting a flat representation of a near spherical world). In comparison, Africa is bigger than it looks.

          Wediere
          Wediere

    • http://myawate.awate.com/members/wediere/ Wediere

      b’Alti W’qatto Arwe,
      The same point may be read/understood in a number of ways…..even us we say “izom afriqawyan” as though we are not one.

      I think it might be a case where MA either does not know where the other boy is from or reading the context (Egyptian boys reason for questioning, perception/prejudice) it makes identification to a country quite irrelevant.

      In any case if you were to narrate the same story, how would you rewrite it, to avoid the slip in mind.

      Wediere

      • b’Alti W’qatto Arwe (As in a girl with a dragon tattoo).

        Wedi-Ere,

        I agree. Thank you.

    • Mohammed Ahmed

      b’Alti W’quatto
      You are not twisting anything; in fact your observation is appreciated (and was expected). Not only is Egypt part of Africa but also, its life line is sustained through the grace of the African Landscape and the rivers that run though it. The distinction you alluded to wasn’t a slip, it was deliberate; but here is the context it should be viewed in:

      The distinction is meant to capture the exact essence of the perception reflected in the narrative of the two boys’ interaction more than it is my description of them. To be specific, the perception of the Egyptian boy is what is being played out here.

      • b’Alti W’qatto Arwe (As in a girl with a dragon tattoo).

        Mohammed Ahmed,

        Glad to get a pat on the shoulder for deciphering the encrypt in your narrative for your style is more of an esoteric. It is because of people like you we tend to get gravitated to Awate.com for we are immensely grateful as it is a source of learning inter alia. Again, thank you.

        Haftkha.

        • Mohammed Ahmed

          You are so graceful yourself and you bring a sense of humility which is unparalleled; thanks so much.

  • A Iyasu

    Yes, humility is a virtue. Good will to all…….

    Whoever is working to enable the empowerment of the people should not assume that he/she is entitled to rein over the people as a repayment to his/her role….. The hard lesson is I believe, not repeat the status quo.

    Yes, power belongs to its rightful owners….. the people.

    • Mohammed Ahmed

      Yes Brother, the culture of entitlement has to be broken.

      • A Iyasu

        I completely agree!
        If that was to happen, we would have ticked one of the critical success factors for change.
        • Suspicion of each other’s inner intention would have gone out of the window
        • The people would have regained confidence on the change movement
        • The Government would have gone on the run as the people would have seen that Eritreans of good will have risen-up to the challenge of returning power to its rightful owners — within no strings attached
        • We would have regained our dignity.

        • ahmed saleh

          What a beautifull brother of wisdom always with positive thinking. Thank you to make me connected with you as a good example of Eritreanism, God Bless.

          • A Iyasu

            Brother Ahmed Saleh – peace and good will to you and to all!

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