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Unity And Trust: The Deferred Gratifications


Recently, my attention was pulled by a compelling attraction, a subject called “political psychology” – a new branch of political science. It is a field dedicated and aimed to understand the political behavior of politicians and political organizations from psychological perspectives. The theory is applied to many contexts, some among others include policy making, behavior of ethnic contradictions, political extremism, group dynamics using cognitive and social explanations.

Some scholars in this field are making creative research to study the psychological factors that could influence any political decision where “psychological manners” of individual leaders or group for that matter becomes at the center of their study. In psychology deferred gratifications is referred as “impulse renunciation” or self-imposed postponement of gratifications or satisfactions [1].  So the subject “deferred gratification” will be investigated through the prism of politico-psychology as to whether it has an application in the political manual of a given social revolution, especially in the Eritrean proper.

When Walter Mischel launched a research on delayed gratification – the “Stamford marshmallow experiment,” he hasn’t in mind that it will have a broad effect into different discipline of studies. Currently deferred gratification is linked to a host of field of studies that includes social science, behavioral science, economics, socio-politics, and politico-psychology.  

In pluralistic society there is nothing undisputable public good, and the social policy problems are always bound to fail because they are “wicked problems” and it makes no sense to talk about optimal solution [2].  Wicked problems as such are problems difficult to resolution. So in this essay we will observe the wicked Eritrean political problem and the consequence of deferring of certain issues (social values), the factors that makes the Eritrean problem unsolvable parallel with the psychological manners of our political practitioners, and the interplay of politics and psychology in the discourse of our resistance. My attempt is far from a powerful description of clinical psychology, but will explore the minds that are fixed on old psychological perceptions through spatiotemporal approach and correlations.

Eritrea’s Wicked Political Problems

According Rittel wicked problems have no stopping rules, and the solutions for them are not true-or-false, but good-or-bad. In that, there is no matrix of measurement as such – despite certain individuals have the ability of self to transcend society. Wicked political problems have psychological character to define the behavioral activities of the society as a group or individuals. Recently psychological services are thought and accepted practically in all field of human activity and psychologists have considerably the power to influence opinions and behavior of the public (Kipnis 1987, pp 30). Obviously we are not clear about the dimensions and characteristics of our social problem. That in itself makes it to be more complex and wicked and hard to resolutions.

 What are the wicked problems in our politics? Our wicked problems that hold us from moving forward are “Mistrust and lack of Unity” which in effect resulted  in the psychology of group identities and cultural identities to persist their  existence. Hence the current grouping is the microcosm expression and end product of the two unresolved and deferred social values.

Does deferment always bring gratifications? Interestingly enough, a sociologist from Chicago University, Hollingshead said no. He has illustrated and shown in his book, that in a job area, a lower class boy, eager to pay his own way and escape from family domination, seeks a full-time job at a very early age, and accordingly left a school. The boy who obtained freedom has happened to be illusory and found himself caught in continuous low pay job with little or no promise to continue education [3]. Understandably, deferment does not always bring gratifications. In this case, the boy who hoped to get delayed gratification of obtaining a more elaborated education after seeking a job didn’t materialized.

It is no surprising then, that we are surrendered to our own faults and fates built in on our mutual mistrust and chaotic political disarray both inside and outside of our nation. The political practitioners in their subtle staging and dainty petite-type performance could not match to the complex problems of the nation and the legal cognizance of geopolitics of the horn. The inaptness of the Eritrean government, who took the assignment of governing the nation and its people by sheer force have disfigured the can do spirit of our people. Like in a Pokémon’s move, it has only two characteristics of moves with no evolutionary moves and no effort to adjust with the international political dynamics. These moves are embedded on (a) narrow nationalism that alienate the nation and its people from international community (b) fighting against perceptual enemies and perceptual conspiracy theory that negatively affect people to people diplomacy, nation to nation diplomacy and the socio-politics of our diversity. Surely, all these are signaling to no detour from edging on the cliff. On the other hand the opposition’s leaders in the “opposition camp” with no compass to guide failed to prioritize the nature of our struggle, failed to rally our people with a clear vision, and indeed are now stuck at a deadlock to adjudicate our past history while their deciding fate is at the hand of our people. Hence it is quintessential now that our young generation to read this perceptual politico-psychology and do something to change the psychological relations within our diversities, the psychological relations with our neighbors, and with the international communities at large.

Economy: A Vector of Deferred Gratification

In this global age, deferred gratifications are more applicable in economics (as they called it the economic of deferred gratifications) in various sets of economic development. For instance the deferred gratifications is what gives us the savings that are in turn loaned by the banks to businesses who create jobs and wealth; the pension funds that keep us comfortable in our old ages; the willingness of parents to invest in their children education[4].

 Recently, Norbert Walter criticized the Harvard economists as the onlookers of shortsighted remedies, who advocate for the “purchasing power theory” and argued in relation to Germany’s imminent labor shortage due to ageing population and he summed it as follows:

“In order to create a cushion for that period we should continue to generate current account surpluses and use the corresponding savings now to specifically finance infrastructure investments in emerging markets and developing countries, so that the recipient countries become more productive. They can then help us to finance our import surplus from 2015 onwards via dividend payments on these high-yielding investments. Germans should not indulge in overconsumption now and then have to endure poverty in old age.”[5]

Norbert foresaw prosperity not for just here and now but also for posterity founded on behavioral maxims and regulations, focusing on satisfying the interest of global clients – a call for deferral gratification. For now I will leave this particular argument for economists and revert back to the subject I am interested to address.

Shifting Positions to Meet Late Gratifications

In the last decade or two, the shift in United Nations’ policy to wards “a responsibility to protect” or “the right of humanitarian intervention” as emphasized by Evans and Sahnoun (2002) [6] and the shift of African Unions’ (AU) policy from “non-interference” to “non-indifference” right after the dissolution of the Organization of African unity (OAU), have improved the resolutions of conflicts settlements. Despite it was too little and too late to intervene in Somalia (by AU), Bosnia and Kosovo (by NATO), the right of humanitarian intervention by coercive action for the purpose of protecting people at risk in those states was appropriate and have stopped the continuous human catastrophe. Hence with AU’s non-indifference policy, the regional states in the horn could form an intra-security arrangement that eventually extend to military pact to defend vulnerable states from rogue regimes as well as to protect peace and stability of the region. [7]

 Therefore it is of particular interest to investigate whether there are significant corresponding alternative political variables applicable to our realities. For sure the reciprocal relationship of the dependent and independent variables will play in the frame work of empirical analysis. Here the dependent variables are the regional and International actors in the horn, while the independent variables are “the mismatched forces of changes” [8] in the Diaspora and the determinant forces of change from inside.  Since the external and domestic drivers of conflict are enmeshed together, problems will no longer contained within the boundary of the state of Eritrea, where it clearly becomes difficult to have distinction between internal and external domains [9].

Traditional analysis either assumed or asserted has some particular root cause usually traced to historical grievances. Hirschliefer (2001) who pioneered much of the analytical research on conflict proposed by the Machiavelli theory argued that no profitable opportunity for violence would go unused [10]. Tiptoeing on Hirschliefer’s analytical prospective approach, I will argue that “Forto-2013” though it sets the precedence, it failed when it lacks the external factor as a pressure from IGAD’s humanitarian and security intervention and the so called forces of change in the opposition camp.  Indeed Forto-2013 missed the opportunity to oust the totalitarian regime, setting a social revolution to occupy the niche. In any case, the opposition camp should always shift strategies and tactics to meet what ever they set for late gratifications, with the change of geopolitics in our region.

To bring a new dynamic politico-psychology within the thinking of our people, we have to eradicate the politico-cultural psychology of self-reliance (in all its facets) brought by the ghedli (specifically EPLF) – a political rhetoric’s conditioned to the Eritrean people. This political philosophy aside its rhetoric’s wasn’t practiced in their political house now and then. Two examples have proved that self-reliance wasn’t practiced (a) the united front EPLF/TPLF – in all war fronts, against Derg doesn’t show Bi’Sefrna (b) the 3.7 billion Eritrea’s debt (courtesy Gedeb news) doesn’t show Bi’Sefrna. So in my opinion this conditioned politico-psychology doesn’t hold water on the ground, hence it is easy to de-condition the political thinking of the Eritrean people.

Psychology of Unity: The Virtue of Eritrean Spirit

 The political and social climate of Eritrea today emphasize on differences, disunity, and destruction which perpetuate our alienation from basic human co-existence – a unique vision of humanity, which fosters unity without uniformity and diversity without fragmentation. Today Eritrea is facing an existential threat from its regime and our nation is subjugated by an evil man, one of the worst human nature. Our people are looking for a daring rescue of humanity by all means with all possible alliances. The paradigm of unity in their psychology, as a way to a new pipe-dream of social ecumenical movement is paramount at this stage of our struggle. We need these changes as a matter of “fact” and as a matter of “value”. As a matter of facts, our struggle can not succeed without unity and as matter of value – unity reflects the common norms such as reciprocal respect and respect of individual and group rights with an interest in practice of all the social variables in play.

 In theory the Eritrean people cried unity for generations. In spite the desire for unity, the very different moves of the actors, without drawing the boundaries of the lines of interactions and integrations which best describe the actual practice of unity; certainly undermine the moral value and principles of unity. Consequently, their modus operandi as practiced is nothing other than oasis of power that induces wrapped threads of tension and friction. Unity has history and logic how to get it. Unity is not like religious monotheism. It has a pluralistic behavior that requires the equilibrium of its variables. Unity is determined by the rules of analysis of ideas into elements and their synthesis into combinations. Because we failed to make a demonstrative study and allow disputes to be resolved by precise social calculations, it is always involuntarily deferred from time to time. Deferring unity is deferring your success. Unity is a philosophical currency of success. Unity in its social and political relevance, its pluralistic properties should often be defended against pure skepticism of nothing goes and pure indifferentism of anything goes.

Since Nagel’s influential model of reduction by derivation, most discussions of unity are cast in terms of reduction between concepts, entities they describe, and between theories incorporating the descriptive concepts. And the level of reduction is fixed by “parts-whole relations” [11].  In light of Nagel’s conceptual model of reduction, what are the social and political variables in the landscape of Eritrean sociopolitical arena in the analysis of its parts and in the synthesis of its combinations? Here is the area where Eritrean scholars must make in depth studies to contribute to the process and efforts for unity in its conceptual schemes and frameworks.  After the aforementioned thorough studies, then the social behavior (desires) distributed about the ontological status of related elements (parts) and their pluralistic contextual manifestation of power or dispositions can be formulated [12]. In such scenario, pluralism applies widely to concepts, explanations, virtue, goals, methods, models, and kind of representations.

Unity doesn’t come by let us go to the table and talk spontaneously without enough preparations and enough studies on the parts and whole relations, the political variables pronounced by different social groups, and how we could synthesize a political platform from the variables. The existing political practitioners have no capacity and know how to do that and they couldn’t even reach out to the pool of our intelligentsia in the Diaspora. The experience of the “national congress” clearly shows the deficiency of preparations and meticulous study as to the concept of unity, its analysis of its parts and synthesis of its parts. Hence as always the deferment of the process and the ineffectiveness of the leadership to do what the public expect them to do. The current leadership of ENCDC has two setbacks from moving forward (a) the gap between the members in understanding the complex Eritrean politics and our wicked political problems; and how to tackle them and adjudicate them within the context of our region (b) the mistrust among our social groups couldn’t help the leadership to have a forward looking organizational structure and coherent strategy in the struggle of our people. These in themselves remained as wicked problems far from solutions.

Philosophical Inquiry on the Values of Trust

Trust is the ingredient of positive relationship fostering to identify the diverse needs of a given society.  Building trust is justifiable if some “values” could emerge out of it with all the conditions and mental attitudes that govern it – the psychological manners. One important criterion for trust is that the truster can accept some level of risks of vulnerability (Becker 1996). Trust involves being optimistic. Such optimism is absent in cases of therapeutic Trust (Horsburgh 1960). Therapeutic trust is the psychological treatments devoted to building trust. In our case we have to explore the psychological effect rendered from the grievances of our social groups and how to alter it by addressing their grievances.

Surprisingly, trust is explored by a variety of disciplines such as social sciences, economics, social psychology, and political sciences. Though there is no universally accepted scholarly definition of trust, there are some agreements on many significant ways. Rousseau defined trust as a psychological state comprising the intention to accept vulnerability based upon positive expectations of the intention or behavior of another. Russell Hardin also called it “encapsulated interest.” Apparently a considerable number of philosophers believe that trustworthiness can be compelled by the force of norms, or more generally, by the force of social constraints (Hardin 2002, O’Neill 2002). This in all outward appearance reflects the social contract view. But I for one support “a will based view” that accounts trustworthiness or the “goodwill view” where the actors are motivated by goodwill (Jones, 1999, 68).

 Trust reduces harmful conflicts, decrease transactions, promotes effective responses, and facilitates rapid formulation of ad-hoc work groups (Weick, Kramer, 1996).  Of all the different implications of trust, the most interesting to my inquiry was when Deutsch (1962) used the term “trust” referring to cooperation within groups. Generally trust is now identified as the key element for conflict resolutions, negotiations, and or mediation.

Equally, armed with the definition of trust and description of the benefit that brings with it, Lewicki set a theory how trust is developed on three fronts (a) explaining differences in the individual (or group) propensity to trust (b) understanding the dimension of trustworthy behavior (or activity) and (c) levels of trust developments as building blocks (Roy Lewick, 2003). As I mentioned earlier and if we want to test Lewicki’s theory on our politico-psychology, one has to make enough study as to the propensity of our social groups towards building trust and the possible dimensions to the path of trust building. Otherwise this non-factual utterance that there is no division within our social groups is simply erroneous assumptions that hold us for generations. There more we acknowledge its existence the more it makes us ready to find solutions.

Trust Building And The Role of Leadership

 For two generations the Eritrean scholars failed to make the necessary study on how trust could be built within our diversity and strengthened the social fabric of our society. I hope the existing social quagmire will make them to see the importance of the subject in context to the challenges of our nation as we speak. In politics the interpersonal relationship of individual leaders matters great. Because they are the interlocutors of different political groups, their personality matters (the psychological manners) on how the development of trust building will accelerate or decelerate the process of trust building and bridges of unity for the Eritrean people. Look the personalities or political practitioners (exhibit-A) in our resistance force: they are not constrained or compelled by moral or circumstantial force to do the right thing to build trust. In fact they are clinging on the division of power to satiate their individual political interest – and understandably behind the existing social cleavages. Now both the internal members of each political group (their base) and the external public are increasingly cynical towards them. Their politico-psychological manners as it stood are not conducive and nor could they change by their own will unless they are challenged. If in the final analysis Building trust is creating common values, then changing the current politico-psychological manners is a must to meet our national challenge.

Leaders are people who are followed said Diana Bean, executive vice president of communication for Manulife Financial. Diana is right that people won’t follow leaders they don’t trust. Trust always makes it easier to get alignment with. With the public confidence on our leaders in the opposition camp at an all time low, leadership, communications, performance, and reputations are extricably linked. Leadership is often equated with positions of authorities and is measured by leadership metrics; such as leadership capital and leadership conditions (Sam Miller, 2008).  Leadership capital is referred to competency – the innate qualities of individuals which are useful for an effective leadership. These innate qualities are wisdom, trust, courage, voice, values, and vision. While vision and values are philosophical framework, wisdom and courage are attributes for leaders to make effective decisions and solving problems. However, innate qualities in themselves alone do not make leaders successful. Environment and the prevailing conditions they work on are also very important factor to their success. The council’s strategy of performance and competitive challenge against the regime is viewed unproductive and appeared dishonest on the eye of the public to exactly explain the problem that exist within the political organizations that dominate the composition of the council. Now the result as it stand is a wake up call to the Eritrean people who are disregarded their role in the process of democratic change. The political organizations are disregarding the public as subservient who takes the orders of their leaders and regard the council body as the council of the political organization  in contrast to the “council of the people” – a prototype of future “Eritrean parliament.” As a matter of fact this was the bone contention between the representative of the civic society including the intellectuals from the public pool and the representative of the political organizations. This contention is also reflected even in the isomeric leadership, isomeric ratio of the council, and the executive body of the council. For external observer it looks strange but in the realm of politics anything is possible. In the long run though it is all a learning process to the apolitical section of our society to engage and deter the ill will of our leaders as they continue to set their interest first in the fight for democratic change.


[1] Louis schnieder and Sverre Lysgaad, “The different gratification patterns: preliminary study”; American sociological review, 1953, pp 142-148.
[2] Horst Rittel and Melvin Webber, “Dilemmas in a general theory planning.” Boston, Dec. 1969.
[3] A.B. Hollingstead, “Elm town’s youth”, NY, John valley and sons, 1949, chap-14.
[4] – Gerald   O’Neill, “The economic of differed gratification: Turbulence ahead”, June 23, 2009
[5] Norbert Walter, talking point, “The world’s leading exporter to become the consumer of the last resort”; Deutch Bank research, June 23, 2009.
[6] Gareth Evans and Mohamed Sahnoun (2002) “The Responsibility to protect”, Foreign Affairs, pp 99-110.
[7] A. Hidrat, “Leadership and geopolitics of the horn”, Sept 29, 2012
[8] Y. Gebrehiwet, “Disconnect at the top: Mismatching disjointed Eritrea”,, March 14, 2013.
[9] A. Hidrat, “Leadership and Geopolitics of the horn”,, Sept. 29, 2012.
[10] Jack Hirscleifer (2001), “The dark side of the force: Economic foundation of conflict theory” Cambridge University press.
[11] Nagel, E. (1951), the structure of science, New York, Harcourt, Brace and world.
[12] McArthur, D. (2006), structural realism, ontological pluralism, and fundamentalism about laws, 151: 233-253.
[13] CW the collected works of Ralph Waldo, Emerson, Robert spiller, Cambridge, Mass, Harvard University press, 1971.
[14] Baker, L. C. (1996), trust as non-cognitive security about motives, Ethics, 107.
[15] Hardin, R. (2002), Trust and Trustworthiness, New York, NY: Russell sage foundation.
[16] Jones K. (1999), Second hand moral knowledge, 96: 55-78
[17] Horsburgh, H.J.N. (1960), the ethics of trust, 10: 343-354.

Amanuel Hidrat

About Amanuel Hidrat

Amanuel Hidrat, is a political activist and a passionate writer in the current struggle against the Eritrean regime. His extensive writings are focused on constitution and constitutionalism, constitutional process, nature of governments, and grievances of the social groups. His articles can be found “Tebeges”, a rich column at that archives over 150 articles. He has been writing at Ntsebraq in Tigrinya since 1998, and in English since 2000. Through his writings, , he promotes "multicultural liberalism" and "multicultural constitutionalism" that provides a fair share to social groups in the decision making process of governance. Amanuel believes it’s not individuals, but ”our social groups”, that should be the building blocks of the Eritrean nation state. Amanuel studied “Industrial chemistry" at the Poly-technical Institute in Ethiopia, and "Clinical Pharmacy" at St John's University in the US.

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Perceptions & Values: Transforming the Eritrean Minds

“Begin challenging your own assumptions. Your assumptions are your window on the world. Scrub them …

  • Gebreab
    Many countries from East Europe, Latin America, Africa and Asia have become prosperous democratic countries. Eritrean can easily follow their example that establishes rules in the light of the objectives of dignity, freedom, justice and peace. You mention Egypt and Tunisia, First: the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt or Ennadha in Tunisia enjoy popular and electoral legitimacy in their respective countries; all democrats must respect the verdict of the Ballot Box. One may well disagree with the decisions and positions of the political party in power, but nothing can justify a military coup d’État, as in Egypt—and Tunisia is fairing much better.
    Under DIA and his handpicked PFDJ rule, insecurity and poverty increased. All kind of problem multiplied like health education extra. Eritrean has nothing to celebrate for. Eritrean are disenchanted and angry . Eritrea is bankrupt in ever ward of it. History is not a lesson in law.
    So many Broken promises, just take very simple example when very hard working Eritrean farmers who do the hardest backbreaking work to harvest one of the necessities and basic of life are severely underpaid and cannot sell their harvest grain to open market and earn decent amount ,one wonder not enough food or daily bread in market is not available in Eritrea , The defenceless and hopeless farmers can come to involuntary servitude ,working long hours 24/7 and laboring under a blazing summer sun, under brutal and primitive conditions with no state support . They are too frightened to consider objecting not to sell their harvest to PFDJ. Their plight is not that much better than rest of our society, a life of no Dignity, no Liberty and Social Justice to speak about .we need to remember the silent majority and pause a moment to thanks them and imagine what Eritrean have to put up and farmers who harvested them had to go through and endure hardship and we need bring Eritrean plight in general with our family , friends and sympatric foreigners Just remember, every change, reform and revaluation starts with human connection and conversations and awareness for better Eritrea .

  • belay

    Hi Mr. You can’t silence people,any body is entitled to express their oppinion. The Regime supportes unknowingly, harm the regime more than they support it .Recently Haile flushed them out andwe saw  how they respond to him.Nevertheless they were allowed to expose themselves,in the stupidiest way they know best. They were wild,never thought to respect people they are shame to Eritreans at most and us all.This web site is not only read by Eritreans and Ethiopians only.That was my main concern.

  • TrustBldg_is_a_process

    If trust building is a process, first we have to deal with our immediate problems.

    A friend of mine once told me if what you see Eritrea’s destruction at work, just visit Meskerem dot net. To this guy the name Alem Goitem is a name since long time and upto then infamous due to the ways he picked and presented bad news and information about the whole of East Africa excluding Isayas’s dry laundries. Mild political issues and disputes are reported in big and bold as if drawing attentions of the visitors to deadliest disasters of the region. Even if Isayas was responsible for the so called deadliest political disaster, the USA, European countries, Ethiopia, and the Eritrean opposition are labeled as the causes for Isayas’s behaviors. As a Wedini of WedAmar and direct agent of Isayas, he doesn’t heed the warnings and advices that he is causing troubles and spoiling the good name of his father. It is not that he is on a chain of political destruction, a destruction activated and monitored by Isayas directly, but that he sometimes allowed to come to opposition events, take pictures and then distort facts.

    That is way, trust building should first work at silencing people like Alem Goitem.

  • rodab

    Eritrea’s Vice-President (per the constitution) and one of the founding fathers passed away. RIP!

    • Haqi

      Why should I care about the death of the so called founding father? He served the illegal regime with out objection despite the fact that the regime has declared war on our people. Leave such dehai pls

    • haile


      Isn’t the Local Government Ministry renamed from the Ministry of Internal Affairs? Does the post of Vice President ever existed? “one of the founding fathers passed away. RIP!” would have sufficed:)

  • wediere


    I hear the kidnapping is getting worse in Asmara. Now they are taking children or visitors. The people have even coined the term “Da Kulit” for some vehicles as they know them to be involved in kidnapping, all they can do is ensure that they keep clear and “you don’t see kids playing out as it used to be”.

    I heard the above from a number of individuals….do you have any information, also awatista who visit or have relatives visiting can tell us what they know. The news is troubling, I hope it is not as bad.


  • Gebreab
    What happening in Eritrea violates the most cardinal principle of moving towards the establishment of a TRADIOTION of Democracy? And eventually to ingrain in the consciousness of a citizen that political changes can only take place through a formal process, the Ballot Box, where civilized people cast their votes and express their preferences democratically without coercion or intervention of other branches of the Executive Authorities, i.e. the PFDJ junta Armed forces.
    Now, and as the Americans say, and while one wishes for Eritrea all good things, unfortunately the proof is in the pudding as Eritrea now stands at the brinks of economical and political chaos, public disorder and, God forbid, nightmare security problems. This has to do with undermining and rejecting the basic principles of representative democracy and most possibly the vast majority of the Eritrean population would like to see regime change and establish democratic state. Some opinion in regard Democracy seems to appear driven by non-objective and misinformed considerations as you allowed to .
    But moving to democratization involves (1) political pluralism, (2) the establishment of the rule of law, (3) an independent judiciary, (4) free elections. and (5) a free press, extra. DAI and his Junta PFDJ never cared to established and wanted or promoted any of this five, but they took advantage of the good will of Eritrean expecting Democracy will be in doorstep.DAI became an unelected-president-turned-worth kind of nightmare dictator. Legitimacy without consent is dictorship and meaningless and consent was outright rejected and dined.
    Eritrean do really care enough who ruled them, Legitimacy with consent an elected president and elected Member of Parliament. Some hard core supporters may only cared about going on with their life and fulfilling their daily aspiration in providing family needs and having hope for much better future for themselves and for brighter future of their children. DIA and PFDJ never delivered in anything tangible. To them elections alone could never be enough. Today some felt betrayed and cheated by the president. Many of them hoped for better life. Instead DIA and PFDJ of working hard for them only, DIA and PFDJ spent two decades busy controlling political and the economical gains for regime pocket.

    • gebreab

      Dear Said.
      I totally agree with you in many points.but at the same time we should not ignore the truth the governments contribution to our nation.It is not everything is black or white.Said,you raised the issue of regime is very dangerous.and it is always associated with bloodbath and whose benefit? to the down trodden …!people are watching ,witnessing around them what of destruction and carnage can lead the metaphor”regime change” into.what is happening in Irak,Afkanistan,Egypt,Libya you name it…is worrysome.And I do not want at all to see my country driven back to the dark-ages of destruction and bloodbath just for the sake of regime change.everywhere where there is war people lose their minds and kill each other.we give way for chaos and anarchy .we shouldn’t lose our minds very quick and decide for the shorter path and destructive one.we have to handle the situation very carefully and intelligently.And another issue you talked about is of free press.i am the opinion that the media of ones country should always be under control of the governing body.otherwise it could happen the same like in West ,so to say, information to misinform,disinform for the sake of informing.i am not a big fun of free press of Western style.there should be somewhere a better one which is exactly tailored for us and we need only to look for it.

  • Selam Haile,

    I don’t want to sound preachy. But if it happens to be in the eye of citizen, Obama had an answer to it and eloquently put it as follows: “Our fear of getting preachy may also lead us to discount the role that values and culture play in some of our most urgent social problems.” We have to start with our traditional values and cultures – the value of “respect,decency and adeb gerka misma’e.” I think our religious leaders must go to their bases and start to do their home work to regain our values lost in the “culture of skunis” the PFDJ has brought to our society. “Asmara is an example of good student of the Skunis culture,looking the language he uses, the hate he has to his own brothers and sisters (siblings and cousins. Let me go back to our main subject the value of Trust.

    I am against the temporal approach in filtering our social-cultural problems. It doesn’t deal to the core problem of our society. Of course the regime is at the center of all these social problems and all the symptoms of our social ills. I am afraid our social fabrics are affected by our mutual-mistrust. If we don’t start to deal on our “trus-deficit” within our social groups there will be no political resolution in framing the future constitutional democratic state. Think about it. Denouncing any political group along their socio-political cleavages is attacking our social fabrics. Attacking our social fabrics is, it is either calling for fragmentation or calling the tyrny of majority a typical with different appearance of the regime we have.

    • correct the word “tyrny” to “tyranny”

    • haile

      Selam Aman,

      That we need to maintain our age traditions of trust and respect goes without saying. In fact, when the inevitable come to pass (the fall of the regime), such qualities would be the main (in not the only) thing that we will be left with. So far, asmara is not clear about what he/she supports about the regime, as asmara has been responding to all debates with an array of slangs (with peculiar streak of sodomy:) and out right insults. It is likely that asmara lends support to the regime through the fear rationalizations that are deliberately cultivated by the regime as part and parcel of its psychological war to control the diaspora.

      Asmara doesn’t seem to understand the basics of the distinction among such things as: State, land, resources, citizens/population, regime/government (and their relationships) and can only see the regime as the be all aspect of his/her Eritrean existence. Asmara doesn’t know the citizens are not the regime and it is the former that needs to decide on the fate of latter, and not the other way around:-)

      • Beyan Negash

        selamat Haile,

        If the opposition is going to make any stride on any given issue, it must start to use its energy sparingly. One should never underestimate one’s adversary in general but particularly when it is a government with endless coffers at its disposal. The tactic appears to be to go out in full force and derail whenever the pattern of meaningful dialogue is about to take hold. Haile appears to know the regime more than the regime knows itself.

        So, when based on facts he began to unravel their empty slogans and the bankrupted regime for what it is, the best they know how to do is send its most loyalists with some verbal wrestling skills to come out and occupy the dialogue space. Haile, you sure do know how hold your own – impressive debating skills. If there was one thing I have learned from dehai days is Belai Tewelde’s memorable phrase, “ignore them severely.” I don’t remember the context in which he used it, but that to me is the best policy; when they come in droves kemamelom kzerrigu eti waEla just ignore them, severely at that. Your energy needs not be wasted on such useless and pointless points they try to occupy you with. As one commentator put it, “reading is optional” to another reader who seemed distraught over the barrage of assaults that were being disseminated on Haile’s person. Indeed, not only reading is optional but also severely ignoring as we refrain from responding is optional as well; hope we choose that the next time they come with no intentions other than metsiyaq.

        A while back there was a judge in Milwaukee who put it best in a case where the police as authority figure crossed the line and hurt an individual citizen so severely that the judge was beyond himself. But the eloquent sentence captured it all for me: “The distance between civilization and barbarity, and the time needed to pass from one state to the other, is depressingly short” (Judge Eastbrook, Seventh Circuit on the case of State v. Bartlett).

        The Eritrean regime managed to transform itself by becoming so barbaric and those who are following it loyally whom we all thought were civilized have proven us otherwise. Indeed, the distance from one phase to the other is really, really short. The “barbarity” and the uncivilized way in which those who seem to have the perceived wielding power of the state is so untoward that we have difficulty wrapping our head around it. The last thing we want to do, however, is stoop to their level. We can manage to do better, much better than that. Kudos goes out to you Haile for responding in measured fashion – just enough to tick them but no verbal spats.


  • W.Aaron

    Why so manay Ethiopines are so upset when Eritrea have a good reltion with Somalia and Cario and this bad wishes coming from Weyane and their agent.When Ethiopia invaded Somalia(20 miilions dollar fm USA and dead 20 thousend Ethiopia troppes)the only good for Eritrea to watch the war in silent but our GVT taked the risk ofcourse a Graet Somalia are a big deal to Eritrea bcs Somalia are to Ethiopia archi enamay and if Ethiopia are busy with Somalia the will stop to see to north(Eitrea)and in this step Eritrea has changeed her policy towrdes Somalia and this are a good memo.Nile river politic Eritrea must play the game and all we need to work that the Ethiopia government to weaked slowly but surly.We have no enemay more than Ethiopia.

    • Tamrat Tamrat

      So you mean ethiopia sold a sodldier life for 1000 dollar. Dont forget the sallary, the logistic, the weapons, fuels etc. There is some thing wrong With Your implication. May be Ethiopia went to Somalia because pfdj was wadgaing war from inside Somalia for the reason you mentioned. And that would make somalians angery about you. So it is better the peacefull way.

  • Tamrat Tamrat

    As early as 1995 an oppositioner said the following:
    Any liberation organization that has won the war of independence, its
    > people would let unquetionably lead the government, on the other side
    > most of the liberation organizations calculating the feeling of the
    > good will of their people want to remain in power, if possible for ever,
    > shifting tactics accordingly. Then, basing myself on this assumption
    > in the absence of rating and consent and very sensitive government to
    > different and opposing views, the people would willingly and unwillingly
    > would support the existing PFDJ government

    AnI do not think you should lump all third world countries together.
    Eritrea is uniqued a supporter of pfdj replies:

    • Tamrat Tamrat

      Correction please;

      And a supporter of pfdj replies:
      I do not think you should lump all third world countries together.
      Eritrea is unique.

  • haile

    Greetings Awatistas,

    After the brief sessions of zura’mo hagerka on the other post, it is refreshingly worrisome (in some instances) to note that the discussion is now attempting to move to the next level. A next level that is at the bewilderment step the ladder, where the citizens are asking “what then” or “anta entay ena’mo ngebro”:-)

    Aman started out by saying trust, then Beyan concluded it comes down to money and a committee, followed by hizbawi’s call for magnanimity, then gebreab pondered “how about we forget democracy” and many other interjections by others falling in between and around those.

    What seems to be amiss, in my view, is how we view the problem. At the surface level, those who support the regime view the same problem in diametrically opposed way to those who oppose the regime. Beneath that surface those who support the regime are divided among those who are making informed decision to support and those making uninformed (based on fear rationalization) to lend their support. Where as those who oppose the regime are divided on cause, means and objective[s] of their opposing of the regime.

    Clearly, it is easy to see how the divisions and subdivisions would continue multiplying, hampering progress, amplifying confusion and rendering virtually all groups clueless as to what is going on! Such in itself becomes a fertile ground for fear mongering [democracy can be a monster out to get you] and mutual recriminations and endless miseries and misfortunes for all of us as people who are bound to Eritrea as resident citizens or diaspora dual-citizens.

    So, what are the root cause of our problems? And how can they be resolved?

    At the root of the problems of Eritrea is a regime [governing structure] holding the state power in de facto [and by force], and is subjecting the citizens of the state of Eritrea to extreme repression, undermining the nation building process of the state by its citizens, rendering the state bankrupt and dangerously dependent in the hands of narrow, regime affiliated, private economic installations asset holdings. The state’s citizens are fleeing the land in great numbers, the allegiance of the armed forces are assumed to be to the regime (although it has not been conclusively put to the test yet). The state’s maritime boundary with Yemen has been defined and its land boundary has been technically concluded legally, awaiting the emplacement of pillars on the ground.

    The regime has come to be in its current form of destructive [or hostile] entity towards the state, following a major undertakings of leadership purges in 2001. Since, the regime accused those purged of “defeatism” in relation to their role in the events of the 1998-2000 border war between the neighborly states of Eritrea and Ethiopia. It is in public knowledge that those purged were asking for the ratification of the constitution by which citizens of the state can elect those to govern them and bestowed upon the power of the state to uphold the rule of law, and guarantee fundamental freedoms and rights of persons and entities living within the jurisdiction of the state.

    The regime that conducted the purges, quickly moved on to remove all rights and privileges of the citizens of the state, curtailed freedom of expression, freedom of travel, freedom of association, freedom of employment, freedom engaging in trade, freedom of exiting the country, freedom of procuring or supplying goods outside the state’s boundaries. The regime also rendered the state’s financial institutions bankrupt by curtailing its ability to accumulate foreign currency by freezing its exchange rate and operating a black market racket that exchanges at more than three fold, according to 2009 enterprise survey by the world bank, all of the business activities in the country are registered either to private domestic ownership (>95%) or foreign ownership (<5%).

    The regime that followed the purge doesn't use fiscal budgetary forecasts, doesn't release data, doesn't allow the independent access to any aspect of its running of the nation. The state is dangerously dependent on its party businesses and would definitely face a total economic collapse [could be temporary] in the event that the regime is violently overthrown (not possible to imagine such force exists however, other than the armed forces).

    The regime claims that such a measure that brings the state to its knee and make the citizens life so miserable and vulnerable is necessary to "defend" the state's land boundary adjoining the southern neighbor, Ethiopia. It also claims the existence of what it calls "independent path" that is unique to its philosophy of "self-reliance", which can't be explained by the existing knowledge of man kind in the fields of politics, economics and social spheres.

    The regime has also, successfully, embassy based command and control centers to exert tactical control of community organizations of Eritreans in the diaspora both to render them ineffective in having an influence in its actions within the Eritrean state proper and swindle them money to the tune of hundreds of millions of dollars [that would have been used to improve their lot and place them in a position to influence events at home].

    Inside the country, the regime rules with iron grip and the level of citizens resistance opaque. In the diaspora, the citizens do engage in activities of "opposition" that is: based on call for respect of human rights at home, based on call to democracy, based on ethnic equality issues, based on religious sentiments….

    The regime describes all forms of opposition to its misrule of the state and repression of its citizens as an act of "agency" of third parties that are intent on: claiming part of the state's territorial jurisdiction (access to sea outlet), controlling the state's governing apparatus to serve the interests of "external forces" and as mainly driven by individuals that it racially profiles to have northern Ethiopian (Tigrayan) origin.

    The regime has slated/threatens the state to an eventual chaos and distraction, unless the southern land boundary of the country (delimited and duly recognized by the UN in 2002) is to be finalized by actual pillar emplacements on the ground.

    Thousands of citizen flee the country regularly and hundreds or more have lost their lives trying to enter other countries through international waters or vast deserts. The state is heavily in debt and being considered for debt relief by the IMF, the regime regularly uses national service labor to complete project contracts that its part affiliated companies have been paid for from state coffers that has been obtained through loans and grants. Such practice have resulted in the youth leaving the nation in droves and contributing to international refugee crisis.

    The above being a brief outline of the current situation. There are, on one hand, legitimate concern by Eritreans, especially in the diaspora, that the nation in its current state can't absorb the inevitable fallout from regime change. This is true in a sense that the state is hanging in precarious situation. Again, the other side of the argument is that the nation can't withstand the current state of affairs much longer. This is also true because the state has been completely robbed of virtually all means of sustenance. Prior to the current mineral extraction ventures, the nation earned (officially that is) less than $20 million in external revenues. The regime is failing to make any policy change, hence disaster is looming.

    Hence, the first and foremost action of diaspora Eritreans should be to work to regain control of their diaspora communities. To make them advocates of responsibility and accountability and place them in a stronger position to support and influence the dynamics at home should the regime suddenly collapse. Because, it is unlikely that a regime that has set the stage for disaster in such case scenario (no transition plan, no vice president, armed civilians, no constitution, a bankrupt state financial institutions, foreign armed groups in the country….) would go quietly.


    • Tamrat Tamrat

      Dear Haile, what eplf and tplf told us what all could have been when mengistu removed had not been happened. the civil war among multitudes nations and nationalities did not happen. The monster made out of ethiopia and ethiopianism was not even accepted by tplf People. That is why tplf did not declare independency in 1991. Who could have joined ethiopia in his right mind after what tplf had said about ethiopia?

      What the People expected was simple. No more mengistu’s system. Any retarded could have avoid megistu’s system specially after going through the system in 17 agony full years.

      Both nations suffe due to the solution outlined by the two regimes and its consquences. So sont worry there would be chaos among the common epople of eritreans but be worried by the solution or poisen prepared by the wise or ignorat diasporas. The more isayas stayed in Power the more wierd are becomming the diasporas.

      by the way I was Reading the Archive of Dehai from 1995-1996 and i came across one article which Calls for the Public so that isayas and meless deserve Nobel Price.

      • haile

        Selam TT

        It is interesting that you recall the same fears were espoused in connection to the fall of the regime [the Dergue] in Ethiopia.

        The key difference I see in contrast to the fall of our regime in Eritrea is that our state would be facing imminent economic melt-down along the fall of the regime. This is essentially to do with the way things are set up in Eritrea. In 1991 Ethiopia, the state had basic assets that were able to maintain the continuity of the state economy throughout the change of hands in a government to administer the affairs of the state and the citizens.

        In our case, we would have a bankrupt national financial institutions, with no state revenues and economic activities controlled in the hands of unregulated entities that the state has no means to marshal during the transition. It would require massive external assistance stabilize, and this would come at great political cost.

        The regime has stockpiled domestic public sector borrowing, external debt and driven down state revenues internally and externally to near single digits. Now, add security and political problems to this and breakdown in law and order (possible external interference) and widespread arming of civilians and hosting foreign armed groups…well, we’ll be lucky to get out in one piece.

        The diaspora control centers would collapse with the removal of the regime and wouldn’t be able to stand in organized way to make meaningful contribution as fast as the situation warrants. A grim situation with all the hallmarks of a perfect storm 🙁

    • Sabri

      Selamat Hailat,

      Your suggestion to build/claim an independent community is good. But it needs determination. Most of the so called silent majority are fed up by the current situation of Eritrea.  In lack of workable opposition they choose to guarantee their personal interest. For instance, they want to guarantee  and visit homeland frequently. Inorder to do that they are careful to not irritate the regime. They attend all the government sponsored meeting, festivals and other activities. The idea of creating an independent is important and necessary. But it needs determination from silent majority and that is what is lacking today. I can give you one example. Back in 1990s when we were young we tried to build an independent community. Since we were not part of either group we were successful to gather both the ex ELF and PFDJ sympathizers.  We created ad hoc committee composed of both those antagonist groups. Lastly the committee hijacked by PFDJ and that was the end of the story. What I want to say is as long as this group doesn’t’ claim their independence  it is impossible to build such an independent community. The positive thing is many vocal PFDJ sympathizers are showing their dissatisfaction  openly. 


      • haile

        Merhaba Sabri

        I totally agree with you there. Also, I would add that such determination had actually been displayed, albeit not at a nationalist level, by many diaspora communities. These include the setting up of many small faith groups and large orthodox churches throughout the diaspora communities. I have observed in close quarters how the regime guys fought tooth and nail to hijack them. Few fell, but most repulsed all attempts. Those who managed to exclude the regime now have large amount of financial capital. Some were able to construct their own church premises with hundreds of thousands of dollars (I know one that purchased an almost paid up $1.2 million church + school).

        The only problem I have with this is that it tends to be a narrowly based constituency along religious lines. It would have been even better to have such success with in an all inclusive community setting. Analytically, I suppose those church groups were able to motivate fellowship by filling the spiritual need of their followers. To mirror such success within community set up, the main battle ground needs to be the provision economic opportunity and social needs or solutions in those regards. This would have two fold advantages:

        1- the regime guys can’t effectively tackle such challenge, since that contradicts their very purpose of siphoning off resources and not re-investing it.

        2- Such set up would appeal for the widest cross section of the diaspora population, because it appeals to the basic aspiration of everyone in the diaspora i.e. to succeed in its endeavors of settlement and securing their lives in the diaspora.

        The regime is only capable of providing cheap entertainment, and you can beat that in style 🙂


  • gebreab

    “democracy” many who have not acquaintance with it yearn for it and many who live with it,eat with it ,drink with it,sunbathing with it…despise it.What is wrong with democracy? there are people unfortunately, would do every thing possible,from destruction to committing massacre for the so-called democracy of the West.the future looks bleak esp if it(democracy) is proclaimed through the barrel of a gun.what if after the destruction and bloodshed the democracy they promised to the people prior to the bloodshed and destruction will never ever occur and function?it will be a disaster,right! we Deki Hager must be very cautious when we yearn for the democracy of the is not compatible with our culture and it is not the right one for us.look, even the western populations are fed up with their democracy.35-40%go to elections in UK.they do not know how to get rid of that evil system .they are in a big mess.but we have now the chance not to fall in that same mess. the so-called democracy of the west makes the society stupid the politicians corrupt and worthless lazy.if the system is so destructive to society itself what is worth it to kill and destroy for it and yearn for it?i cannot get it right!can you?in our Hagerna doesn’t mean every thing is rosy.we have a lot of things to sort out but we have to be very careful not to throw the baby away with the bathwater.haven’t we given in a lot to western cultures at the expense of ours?instead of educating our students in their mother tongues we do in foreign languages…a society which doesn’t value and respect its culture and language is doomed to go down.and the so-called democracy of the west accelerate that process.lets excavate our HiGi ENDa ABa and make good use of is indigenous…

    • yegermal

      Ufffffff….if democracy is so bad why don’t people flock to countries rules by dictators like Eritrea instead of democratic countries like the US? Meas kon ikum ab demokrasiwuyan hagerat rofae ilkum ezi kulu halew lew mibal kitigedfwo?

      • gebreab

        dear Yegermal.
        First of all the UK,and USA are not democratic countries…they do not deserve that title and secondly, the reason why people flock to the USA is simply to improve their living standards(attracted by the economic boom of ones country) and always remember, people as long as they have enough money to satiate their consumerism addiction and have a roof over their head they are never interested to question the system they live in…

        • Tamrat Tamrat

          Are there any country which deserve to be called democratic accoring to Your evaluation? If there any, which countries closer to Democracy usa or Eritrea?

          • Hatul

            Tamrat, many Eritreans and others from Africa and Asia flock to Saudi Arabia. Could that be because they were attracted by the Saudi awesome democracy?

  • Siwinwano

    Selam Beyan,

    Seriously? Your answer to fixing whatever is wrong with the opposition is to form a committee that would study the problem and issue a report?

    What can a committee tell you that you don’t already know?

    Surely, you can do better than that. I mean, if you are truly at a loss, just say so. Admit you don’t have a solution. But a committee?

    After all those years, you still need a committee?

  • The betrayal of trust and stewardship of first Eritrean president.
    Many courageous Eritreans who understood better what the future of Eritrea should be, much better than DIA and PFDJ crony , the meaning of SOCIAL JUSTICE as the cornerstone for peace and prosperity are linked to DEMOCRACY. Except realities of obedient tiny group’s ethnocentrism that belonged to DIA.
    Is it asking too much that a first Eritrean president to recognize, based on 30 years struggle for independence and historical experience of all Eritrean people, as his own suffering people (i.e., if he is conscious to admits to himself that all Eritreans are true citizens and see them as his own people. That year’s of Ethiopian colonization. Suffering, oppression, subjugation, mass massacre, refugee, inequality, are experienced by all Eritrea as bad and horrible per se, we have to bear our brunt, that long suffering , applied to all Eritreans, which could be equally applied to any and all.
    And with that historical recognition, as the most basic elemental test of human love, caring, decency, trust, regard for humankind, political integrity, do let people free, test freedom, do something, even small worthy if worthy as a first Eritrean leader, then and only then Eritrea will respond with every fiber of one’s body work against, rather than joining with, by joining the existing and be gone long list of dictorship ruling class to advance the interests of yourself and tiny group of your regime! Are Eritreans asking too much? DIA is a Traitor to Eritrean freedom, hope and dream. Period, Traitor is, “one who betrays his people or another’s trust or is false to an obligation or duty.” This is self appointed president. This is the first Eritrean president. Failed Eritrean miserably and betrayal follows him at every step of his leadership, but on all of his promises made, no real progress in peace and prosperity or his 20 years term of implied economical programs never materialized, likewise, which had the potential to let people be free to improve their life by freeing them from the shackle he imposed and improving the lot of all poor working class and under employed people, the masses have not Far much worse. Our first Eritrean president hero’s contempt and despise of all that Eritreans, Eritreans unwisely and foolishly projected onto hero’s on him, a myth, largely—it must be honestly and frankly stated—because of the his tiny dogmatic loyal group ’s regional core ethnocentrism that supported him blindly at the expense of Eritrea and Eritreans.
    It’s time to remove and uproot the protective blind coloration and false believe. A Eritrean president must be judged by what he does and what he has done for the people , in this case, not hide behind his, region, faith and ethnocentrism identity, which by consciously for very long time secretly and openly put divisive goal (Us and our plane ) hard pedaling and at time soft-pedaling, deliberately and actively accentuates it more for very long time, while neutralizing its effect on potentially for keen doubtful and mistrustful patriotic Eritreans and our unelected Eritrean president walks a fine tightrope, manage all side and stage-managed to perfection to his advantage with his fascistic political genius . Except only more horribly sophisticated, and for that reason, much more destructive on our people quantitatively and qualitatively. Our hope and aspiration of high expectation on birth of our independence day of historical expectations of the first Eritrean president never materialized and our hope died sooner , but his badly broken record speak volume year after year and cruel dictorship rule as it bears on those expectations, and thereby affects deeply all Eritreans. And it ought to be backed up by a simple appeal to history, a simple invitation to look at the record. The PFDJ State is persecuting its greatest and war heroes of its people, and continually holding a purging; horrible, yes, but for god sake don’t lose your head over it, for what would you expect? – look at failed record! If Eritreans ever going to grow up into political adult hood attitude, the PFDJ’s criminality is nothing new and nothing to be wondered at and fundamentally anti democratic -social institution, fundamentally criminal state . Its first instinct and interest is that of self-preservation at any coast. All its asset and enterprises are directed first towards preserving its entity and its own life, and, more importantly, towards increasing its own hegemony and monopoly power and enlarging the scope of its own activity and only worship money. For the sake of this it will, and more often does, commit any crime which situation and circumstances make expedient to take advantage off.
    What they are from the inception, the DIA regime and presently actually doing? It is ruining and oppressing our own people in order to preserve itself, to solidify and enhance the PFDJ power and prestige, and extend its own control and authority every corner ; to the utmost of its opportunities. PFDJ junta murders its innocent Eritrean citizens for whim of assumption and suspicion? And if that is a clear crime, and then our independent day is nothing but a facade and shame cutthroat’s sad day, the PFDJ Junta State , act like a criminal and its record of criminality is well known to most of us. Eritrean defiantly would not stand for such barbaric and inhuman conduct.
    Eritrean people it is time turn their patriotic and notional duty and fervor loose on the only source from which all our problem and danger emanate, they can precede, and they will be doing their full responsibility and duty for their country. Many now believe and clearly understand that PFDJ “fascist” State has entered upon a new era of cruel barbarism. The PFDJ will unfailingly or willingly has being aggrandize itself, it has the power, first at the expense of our suffering and oppressed people, at the expense of anyone else in sight. It has clear record to show for always done so, and always will and win. If we remain the same.

    • Tamrat Tamrat

      Hi Said, you said that ‘That year’s of Ethiopian colonization. Suffering, oppression, subjugation, mass massacre, refugee, inequality, are experienced by all Eritrea as bad and horrible per se, we have to bear our brunt, that long suffering , applied to all Eritreans’

      if what you said that Ethiopian ‘colonization’ has done all those you have mentioned then why you blame the presidant? If the mass masacar was experienced by all eritreans equally then how come we have still so many eritreans alive? Anyways any eritreans who survived what you said must worship the god isayas. You see this is what confuses People. What you and isayas are preaching is the same thing but he at least let the People of Eritrea on guard frm those horrible ‘colonizers’.

      So may be it helps you if you sort out the propaganda from what realy happened.
      1) Ethiopia or King Haile Silassie did not colonize Eritrea. He just re United the two Peoples separeted by colonialists. Some opposed it many approved it.

      2) Those who took arm got the harsh treatment by the government as any responsible government could have done. (if you dont blieve me try it With the current government of Eritrea now, unless you already know why you prefer the cyber war)

      3) Though it is Your Choice not to be oppressed by non other than tigrinya king, any one who opposed the ethiopian government dicission punished equally regarldess he is eritrean or not.

      • Read article in totality, this not about your beloved Ethiopia, It is about the fast ominous developing and dire events in Eritrea that are surly to set the clock on Eritrea ‘s socio-political development and profound reforms so many years, rather, possibly many decades back. This is Mostly by the failing of the power and interest groups in command PFDJ, foremost the tiny elitists that for long had shaped Eritrea ‘s political and economic structures, of sufficiently appreciating the underpinning forces at play and taking a stock of Eritrea ‘s true socio-cultural, socio-economic and socio-political realities.
        It is by the pure motivation of objective analysis that I dwelled on the Phenomenon of the controlling and total monopolizing of Political PFDJ, completely devoid of value judgment and dogmatic renderings as any detached objective s analyst would do. As a Eritrean that needed not to insinuate expressions of sympathy or political affiliation as I always kept distant to the subject matter to ensure detached objectivity.
        DIA is well known entity and personality, he had little experience in governing, education, know how, capability, wisdom, qualification, or knowledge, of, still much less, kindness, compassion and empathy for Eritrean people and only with contempt and despise of his hate of Eritrean people clearly being manifested.
        Eritrean existential deep structural problems of living and survival. Eritreans have suffered further under his rule of inhuman oppression and subjugation, further degradation because the essential structure of total domination. all under the first Eritrean leader, trust and stewardship by leaving us and an unjust system intact and personally he is responsible for the victimization of Eritreans and therefore it is time he leave the presidency or forced to leave and leave Eritrean to rule themselves peacefully and chose their government . Many Eritrean feel and stand by the factual assertion that first Eritrean president is a traitor to the Eritreans courageous people and their hope and dream to live in peace and prosperity ,in which all inclusive prosper, and none is neglected.

        • Kim Hanna

          Mr. Said,

          You say so much, to say so little. I am gona defend President IA just this once, wey gud. What do you expect from him, miracles? Is this the same person that was canonized as the most knowledgeable, the most selfless leader, just a little below God from 60s to 90s. What happened as he grew older, he became the opposite of all those qualities? No sir, that did not happen.

          What happened is reality showed up. He has to work with what he has. For example, what can he sell? U.S sales airplanes, Russia Tanks, Ethiopia coffee.

          If it is not him it would be somebody like you who will do the exact same thing to keep things together, until and when something like gold, oil or something to sell, shows up to save the day.
          One man cannot do what you say he did, even if he wants to do it. Come on, be reasonable.


        • Tamrat Tamrat

          You sound like a drunk weather forcaster who by accident stumbled on economic News and still broadcasting weather live With the hard copy of eonomical News scrolling infront of you.

          • Kim Hanna

            Mr. Tamrat,

            lol, are full of “tamer”


  • hizbawi

    reading here profile, it giving me hope that may be her generation live in peace, harmony and serenity.

    “Hey Youtube, what’s goin on? It’s ya girl Zewdy!”
    [I say that in about EVERY video I speak in LOL]
    If I try to sum me up:
    [[My FAMILY is my heart
    My FRIENDS are my world
    & MUSIC is my soul.]]
    “I LOVE music, I love singing.. it is my PASSION !
    but what DRIVES me to be a FAMOUS & SUCCESSFUL recording artist is my DESIRE to help my people in ETHIOPIA, ERITREA & the underprivileged around the world !!!”

    • hizbawi

      Tamrat Tamrat that was you I had in mind when I posted this thread but I forgot to mention you. You were talking about Eritrean and Ethiopian music but the truth is even your number one singer has to cheat by stilling Eritrean song. Teddy Afro took a song from this girl’s ( Zewdi) father, Habte Awalom.
      The song was Ende Berabiro
      Check it out

      you see, Tamrat, we got you in everyway 

      • Tamrat Tamrat

        We criminal Ethiopians! He even steals an eritrean girl as a wife. And to make Thing wors, he sang one of the songs he steals from Eritrea and more than 2million watched it on you tub. I can ‘garantee’ you no eritrean watches the Clip to protest on the day light robery of ethiopians.

    • bukretsion

      hizbawi, is zewdy eritrean? her kind of people are the problem who create confusion in ethiopian psychology for their judgement towards eritrea and make ethiopia vulnerable. if her and her kind is strictly eritrean like awate team it’s good for the future relation of both country.anyway the people in addis when they find out she is from eritrea, a lot of them will be disappointed.

  • Tamrat Tamrat

    It has been done and said all possible Things since Italy is removed from colonizing part of ethiopia. Italia made Eritrea the way it is purely on the basis of its Colonial interstes and its capacity. It tried to expand in all direction but it couldnt. Period.

    Shabia and woyane made it to addis because they could. They have had all the possible help from all corners of the world be it from scandenevia, Europa, the arabas,etc follwed by crippling the derg by sanction. Ecactly 1991 they could do anything they wnted. And Guess what they did. If there was anything they omited to do, then it is just because they wanted more. If any one expects from eplf or tplf any religious or democratic aproach to their problems after 1991 then you have no the faintes idea how many People they sacrificed before 1991.

    And now why shabia couldnt the Colonial map in Place just because it has no the capacity italy has had at the time it colonized Eritrea.

    Shabia and any one who shares the military solution that border must be kept the way italy made it, never allows Democracy, debate, conversation to be part of the solution. These Groups be it shabians or opposition wish here Democracy, humanrigt etc must be Out ruled thus kunama, afar, saho, belen etc must be ignored because the other majority ethnic feel good about it. And Shabia knows this excatly. So shabia makes it Crystal Clear that it can not Out rule Democracy and human right only for the border regions People. Infact Shabia knows and applyes that it is best for its staying in Power by using the marshal laws which is accepted by the majority to secure the border

  • Beyan Negash


    If the fragmented opposition is going to become a force of good, then, Amanuel has offered the beginning of it: let’s nurture trust. The way trust can be nurtured is not through debates. Debates are meant to show who has the verbal skills to win over whatever subject matter is being debated. Let us save the debates for post Isayas and post shaebia world. Let us have a conversation. In order for dialogue and conversation to take hold, we must find a venue by which that ambience is created.

    Allow me to propose and my proposal, in my estimate, is modest and simple. There needs to be a massive soul search within all of those of us who claim to be in the opposition or as is being dubbed now as the silent majority. In the current debate, those on the side of Eritrean government are challenging each one of us to have some gravitas, have some balls as it were, to get off our lazy rear-ends, from our comfort zones. They have been watching us write endlessly for over fourteen years, and nothing to show for it. Of course, this, by no means, is a jab at Asmarino or Awate. To the contrary, these two sites have done tremendous job in keeping the conversation burning. But, how long do they keep it burning? There needs to be a moment where the burning transitions into tangible and practical action. So, the government supporters have a point. With the exception of the very few, our efforts have been not effective at all. It is time we take stock of where it is that we are falling short and what can we do to ameliorate such shortfalls and where do we take it from here?

    The days of part time activism have come and gone. The force that is in place in Eritrea cannot be wished away. It needs a number of fulltime, experienced individuals who would commit to such endeavors throughout the globe. At the root of my proposal rests money. However many these capable individuals, must be paid. The detailed logistics is not important for now. Now, the most important part is, if there are those who believe in this idea, then, there needs to be a committee, an independent one that can study these matters and determine all matters related to the way in which money is raised; membership fees are determined. Do these positions depend on geography or on proximity to where the influence can be found? Does it need to be based on where most Eritreans reside? Or, better yet, can it be divided to North American chapter, Europe, Middle East, Africa, etc.?

    The thoroughness with which this is approached will have to be second to none. With the technological miracle at our disposal, we can create search committee, an ad hoc committee, call it what you will, this will be a committee that can make recommendations as to how to move forward. But, raising funds is crucial here. It is time that we put our money where our mouth is. We must give a sense of urgency and begin collecting money – without money, our chance of effecting change will be next to impossible. The other side has a lot of money that it can squander in the name of a country. The only thing we have at our disposal is our pocket books. We need to dig deep and begin. The way to effect change begins with our wallets. How much are we willing to sacrifice, finance-wise, time-wise, organization-wise? We need to rise to the challenges being given to us by the supporters of Eritrean government. Let us take their challenges as an opportunity and step up to the plate. This is a call to action being prompted by no other than the loyalists who, rightly so, have taken us for ineffective and clueless Eritreans who have strayed from the only path that they know the defunct PFDJ path. That path to hell we know is not the right one, but do we have an alternative idea and political and social will to rise up? That is the question that has yet to be answered. The beginning is right here right now.


    • hizbawi

      Selam Beyan.
      One minor reminder, there is no meaningful change or opposition that won’t include the PFDJ. As long as the so called opposition trying to exclude PFDJ, then you has seen the results of the last 15 years and you shall see the same result for the next 50 years, the same miserably dysfunctional entity.
      Have a plan that includes the PFDJ and supporters and stay out of Ethiopia.

    • Merhaba Beyan,

      The whole problem with us (Eritrean) is, we don’t acknowledge that we have wicked problems that has to be addressed. I have been writing and talking all along for 10 years, about all our social schisms. The recent social clashes between Ogbazighi the chairman of Hagerawi dehnet and Abdella Mahmud a member of the leadership in their organization is an exemplary Exhibit-A of our social schisms(read the letter addressed to the executive at Meskerem website). In the letter it reflects ethnic and religious exchanges.

      Besides, looking to the religious grouping, ethnic grouping, and regional grouping in the opposition camp, one can not help but summon for soul searching and act accordingly to address our social problem before it becomes out of our hand. If the current social arrangements and schisms is not a heck of a problem, then what is it? Can’t we admit that this reality is pulling us back from having a concerted effort to wage a fight against the evil man and his cohort who are taking toll and causing damage to the nation and its people. The regime sooner or later will go but the contradiction will persist if we don’t handle it cautiously and guarded from inflammatory reactions.

      Your proposal could have been good for starting, But I don’t think the public have interest to deal with it. That is the sad part of our politics…. and the scenario as blink as it is, it will cost us enormous.

      • Beyan Negash

        Merhaba Swinwano, Hizbawi, Aman, and All,

        Swinwano, I didn’t profess to have a solution only a modest proposal, the initiation of which I believe can lead to roadmap, questions, ideas, and thoughts as you, Hizabwi, Aman have already done. That’s why I prefaced my note and tried to make a clear distinction between debate and conversation. I appreciate you seeing the drawback to the formation of a committee. But, the intent of the committee is not necessarily to come up with a magic wand that would solve our seemingly intractable problems; rather, the ad hoc committee would come up with ideas in how to move forward, the logistical matters, matters of money, matters of hiring individuals who can serve the opposition in cohesive manner, etc.

        Hizbawi, without getting lost in the semantics, be it Shaebia, PFDJ, the leadership misgoverning the country right now; As Gezae had observed, there is a tradition of live and let live in Eritreans that can gain traction once the momentum is built. Look, if South Africans can live side by side with the very people who made their life hell on earth, surely, consensus could be built around the ideas you advance. But, to suggest that Eritrea’s solution cannot be solved without the participation of PFDJ, the very regime that is wreaking a colossal havoc over its population; and presenting such an entity as be-all and end-all in such absolute terms is tantamount to creating a loggerhead that would lead to no solution.

        Frankly, PFDJ should not and ought not to be our priority at this junction. The inherent success of negotiation rests when one negotiates from position of strength. Let us strengthen the opposition’s position before the question you pose could even be entertained.

        Aman, I feel and sympathize to the sense of resignation in your note above. Where I am hoping to go with my initial thought, Brother Aman, is this: if we can find individuals who are able to see beyond the current political and social gridlock and have a sense of independence and are the least perturbed by the “schisms” that you rightly point out; we can truly then say these are our temporary leaders who can help us jump over the hump because their determined, dogged and sheer strength of character, integrity, and intelligence, they would be able to see beyond the identity politics, beyond partisan sociopolitical landscape that we are mired in, and they would not miss the forest for the tree.

        Just as I alluded to Hizbawi above that PFDJ ought not to be the priority, the opposition ought not to be the priority when forming the ad hoc committee. Of course, I am not equating the opposition to the current leadership that is misgoverning Eritrean people, but the committee’s independence is the most important characteristics that it should have.

        If many of us believe in the silent majority, then those are the group the committee should aim to mobilize; thereafter, when the overwhelming silent majority is mobilized, the rift, the schism, and the loggerhead will be no more. These opposition groups will have no choice but to listen to the silent majority.

        However, the silent majority must realize this: it needs to be armed with money, a wherewithal without which nothing will be done. Lacking this realization, however, the silent majority, mobilized or not, will not make the direly needed impetus for change.


  • ZengaZenga

    Selam all,

    It has been a little while since I have made some more noises here in Baito Awate and I thought to drop by and say hello to everybody and thrown in a couple of things regarding the discussions that are going on here and elsewhere in the world of Eritrean-Ethiopian politics of new and old.

    That being said, It goes without saying that the aim of the Eritrean armed struggle for national independence was to liberate Eritrea and free its people from colonial occupation by force of arms! However, insane DIA and his barbaric PFDJ regime have turned the Eritrean people into worthless beggars and slaves at the end! Yes, the Eritrean revolution for territorial and political sovereignty brought about nothing but the de facto and de jure Eritrean territorial independence with world acclaim and turned its people into DIA’s worthless beggars and slaves! Right from the outset, the master of devils had already sold Eritrea to the devil of Tembien sent to destroy the dream of its people to establish a government of their own under the rule of national and international laws like the rest of the world of their kind! However, the devil has now given DIA the finger and made his lawless Weyane cousins the favored pimps who ran his errands properly and earn their beggar wages at the expense of others!

    Proceeding, it should by now be clear to anyone with common sense that the evil cult of PFDJ cares only about DIA and Eritrea and not its people! One way or another, DIA is a devil incarnate as a tall and demonic Janhoy and his cult of PFDJ only cares about DIA and Eritrea as his real estate that he may try to unite with his beggar mother Ethiopia in one way or another! DIA and his old Shaebia now turned into the evil cult of PFDJ were and still are liars, robbers, and murderers! These mass of parasites and their insane master DIA are mainly made of nothing but a bunch of Tigray-TigriNi crooks and local idiots ruling and ruining the life of the Eritrean people like no other devil has ever done before them!

    Furthermore, what is being said here and elsewhere has been said for decades on end but have found no ears that listen and no eyes that see till reality came knocking in everybody’s home: There is nothing unsaid and undone about the Eritrean-Ethiopian politics of creeps full of a lot of crap. It is about high time for one or anyone Eritrean individual or group worth their human salts to understand that the Eritrean people have been and are still held prisoners to the crap that was manufactured by DIA and his Shaebia, Minia and her growing crybabies, Anenia and his Tigray-TigriNi crooks!

    The so called PFDJ is a dying cult of the devil of Tembien living on borrowed time! Weyin-Qondaf is a harlot that is in service of the sons of the devil and will sooner or later retire or expire after it fills its beggar stomach at the expense of others! Kidan-Awan and its WaEla crybabies have said and done nothing but repeated what Minia-Kolel has been doing and sayig for the last 30 years! Sad as it is, all of these creepy politico-social and politico-military organizations are still living in a world of their own idiotic creation and dragging the Eritrean people down with them in their deadly crap!

    Therefore, the PFDJ is a dying cult of evil living on borrowed time and not worth the time that people spend trying to reason out with it to let the Eritrean people establish their own government under the rule of low it has imprisoned for a long time now and listening to its lies! Meanwhile, the Weyane is another wicked and backbiting Ethiopian beast that is no less evil to Eritrea and its betrayed people than DIA and his Kinijit and DemHit harlots! The Derg is long dead as is Janhoy the terrible and his hag of old now called Ethiopia or the land of the burned faces, Nero Sempre Zero:-)

    In closing, suffice it to say that it is about time for Eritreans to mind their own state of national affairs and so should the Ethiopians do as descent humans worth their slat would! In this connection, the Eritrean people can only be delivered from PFDJ’s despotic rule by themselves by rallying around a collective national vision that embraces all Eritreans seeking to end DIA’s bestial rule in Eritrea : Eritrea for Eritreans, from Eritreans, and by Eritreans under the rules of national and international laws that govern all its civic citizenry democratically and equally!


  • Lemlem


    The annual worldwide summer festivals in celebration of Eritrea’s culture, history, diversity, way of life and achievements are in full swing this weekend. Enjoy the performances, exhibitions and festivities. Some top bands from Eritrea are touring the U.S. and Canada this summer.

    • asmara

      Hi Lemlem,

      Oh yea! Would not miss any of those festivals. Shene-nen mis deki adey. Shenenen- mis deki rubay.

      As for the zikoreyu, well, they can do what they do best – go to Ethiopian festivals and Ethiopian restaurants, and preach “yehwatina…” Atituna

      • Lemlem

        Yay Yay! Food, music and fun! The weather should be balmy for much of the weekend in the U.S. and Canada.

        I certainly hope “Zekorekum” will also come. Don’t miss out on the fun. These things should be non-political. We should all take a break from politics once in awhile, mingle with our people and enjoy what life has to offer.

        You can resume your politicking first thing Monday morning if you want.

        But take a break this weekend and attend a festival near you whether you are in the opposition or in the government’s corner.

        Celebrate what unites us all as Eritreans!

        • Kokhob Selam

          Dear Lemlem,

          you said “Eritrea’s culture, history, diversity, way of life” is our culture and history and diversity seen on the ground? wey gud deqey,

          Yep, I wish this type of Festival be without PFDJ. I can’t dance while my Eritrean children are suffering. Isn’t difficult for an Eritrean to cheat himself as he if he is happy? I will postpone it till Eritrea is free.
          Yes, in our culture you can’t dance when your relative is in trouble leave alone the entire nation. But just keep the video Lemlem for future refernce just to see those who will dance again when we are free.

          will we see some among those artists ask asylum usual? I hope not, I am sick of hearing this shameful news from our artists,soccer playes and athlets.

        • yegermal

          “These things should be non-political. We should all take a break from politics once in awhile, mingle with our people and enjoy what life has to offer. ”

          So Wedi Gerhatu is coming all the way to DC to give non-political sermons? nisikatkum si aytiseanu, kem kes-hikena?

    • gebreab

      either your Ethiopian,Eritrean,Somalian,Sudanese and Djubytian take care,never give the devil any chance to push wedges between know what the devil is obssessed with? insiting hatred and wars.

  • belay

    Hi Fanus &,
    How is self destruction going out there,in the land of FULUYAT Hizbi?your promotion to your country…
    It goes
    1.Don’t listen to our music.
    2.Don’t use our ports.
    3.we are not like you ‘cos we don’t look like you. are the best potential customers but we hate you so go somewhere else.
    5.we have a dream to be somebody else,you are getting on the way.
    6.we fought for this and we are reping what we saw and enjoying it.
    we know it is dim out there but is it really pich black to this extent?your Fanu doesn’t help either.
    plse note,this comment is only to Fanu and likes .
    belay Agamame.

    • belay

      Please read as,
      belay Agame .

  • rodab

    Nobody is paying attention and the now nearly-defunct Gedab News didn’t get hold of them, but the regime, hiding from the public, has made three big moves (these are only the ones I am aware of):
    1) It is talking with the UN about food security and related assitance. UN officials paid a visit to Eritrea few days ago. (Speculation: the regime is hiding this information from the public because it sharply contrasts with its self-reliance bravado).
    2) FM Osman Saleh met with the new Egyptian FM in Cairo few days ago. (Speculation: the regime is hiding this from us because it makes it look bad befriending with losers! First Mubarak, then Morsi, and now…..)
    3) The regime now officially reconizes and supports the Somalia government. (Speculation: this big development is being hidden from us because it generates the obvious quesion as to why did Eritrea has to pay heavy price if we are eventually to recognize the Somalian government).

    • Tamrat Tamrat

      Thus the goe is accepting reality on the ground. The NeXT stape is make Peace With the neihbouring countries, stop meddling With sudanese internal matters. After that it would be forced to work on eritrea’s internal problem without holding eritreans as hostages based on the sovernighty issues.

    • Ghezae Hagos

      Dear Rodab,

      Where did you get the third one, that PFDJ officially recognizes and supports the Transitional Somali government? Source please..

      Ghezae Hagos

      • Salyounis

        Hi Ghezae:

        While you wait for Rodab’s* answer, many have interpreted Ambassador Araya Desta’s statement** to the UN as a shift in policy:

        I would like to emphasize again that Eritrea supports earnestly the efforts of the Government of Somalia to stabilize the country. Eritrea upholds the unity, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Somalia and supports the Federal Government.

        You can find the above statement at the website of the Eritrea mission to the UN. No, that would be too logical. You have to fish for it; here’s one source:


        *Rodab, what you said about Gedab News was cruel, but funny:)
        ** tongue firmly in cheek when I say Ambassador Araya Desta’s statement. Of course, the good Ambassador kem sebu msana iyu felitu about the statement that bears his name. So he is being a good araya of the perfect PFDJ functionary.

      • Elenta

        Eritrea Pledges Support to Somalia Government

      • Elenta

        The Government of the State of Eritrea has thrown its full support and recognition towards the unity, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Somalia under the Federal Government of President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud.

    • gebre

      “That is one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind”

      Encouraging news to make a “GIANT LEAP” over the Mereb River from any direction to any direction.

  • Fanus

    It’s not our fault if you like our music.

    Stop bending over for Uncle Sam and get the hell out of our land.

    Demarcate the border now.

    Ciao Agaminos!

    • gebre

      One of the most indispensable requirements to the declaration of independence of a new nation is an internationally well recognized and demarcated border.
      Therefore, the border between the two countries should have been demarcated in 1991 – 1993, just before declaration.
      But the newly crowned king of Eritrea wanted to place one of his feet in Asmara and the other in Addis Ababa and didn’t want any hindering border posts to be erected under his groin.

      So, why are you, Mr Fanus, crying today? Whose fault is all this mess?
      Would insulting Ethiopians solve this?

      • Tamrat Tamrat

        the plan was the industry, the feuel and the port should be controlled by shbaians. And Ethopia was suppose to use only Assab ports.

  • Hayat Adem

    Selam HafaSh hizBbi- ab wishTn wetSa’en,
    A recent commentary title runs like this: “Africa Imitating Eritrea”. Attribution is hinted to CNN, as authored by a certain Harvard professor. ‘Oh, really?! I can’t wait to read it!’ Then, the first two lines go as follows: “They say imitation is the best form of flattery. In the case of Eritrea we might say it is the best confirmation that what Eritrea is doing is right.” (Hirrray!) The commenter was kind enough to give the link for the original source, so if you are like me, you would be tempted to skip details of his comments, and jump straight to the article itself. That I did. And then, your eyes become impatient to read line to line, word for word- hungry of spotting the word Eritrea being mentioned somewhere. Then, it is nowhere. You go back to the commenter and recheck what he said and find this: “The fact that the author did not even mention Eritrea’s name in the report reveals the underlying grudge against Eritrea and that the Western media is finding it difficult to swallow
    its pride…” Excuse me!!!
    The cooked commentary:
    The original article:
    Do you want to be the first straw or the last straw or no straw? There are not many who volunteered to be the first straws, i.e., the unsung heroes. If you tend to be a revolutionary, your answer would be wherever I’m needed, wherever I can contribute something. If you tend to be a leader, you want to be the last straw and be seen registering a visible and conclusive impact. If you are an artist, all you care is describing and reflecting about the real actors and actions and the stage. If you are a scientist, you don’t want to be a straw but you pick one for analysis, therefor you’ll have the power of knowledge but you may lose the feeling of being one. If you are a staunch blind supporter of a leader or a group, you step back to give way until someone makes a call for you and that becomes your straw pick instantly.
    And then there are these managers, like the commenter I mentioned earlier, who make their living by managing others for others. These people don’t have their own favorite straw, and they never are convinced to become one. What they do is do meticulous analytical inventory on interests and offer their expertise on providing management service. Take most of NGOs; they know there are affluent groups who want to throw some resources around to shake off excess or cast influence, or few times, just for the heck of it. The managers notice this and present themselves, “we can help you do that for a good pay”, and they do it ‘well’.
    There are rich people with their crazy fat wallets. Those would be managers offer their advice, if you pay us, we can help you set up big companies, hire cheap labor and skill and keep multiplying your money for ever as long as you keep on paying us good.
    In politics, there are individuals (aspirant leaders) with some crazy ideas and missions. The managers spot this and reach out the ambitious dreamers, and offer, “we can help you get your ideas to the grass root and keep them burning among HaFaSh feShfaSh as long as you want and as long as you take care of the high maintenance cost we deserve.” Dr. Berhe, what funny of him to interpret that article in that way! But, there are people who would buy that. They can’t read it that way because it is not written that way. BUT, he reads it for them and they believe him.

  • Selam

    I just Don’t see the application of these psychological findings. it is Just a waste of time.
    Mr Hidrat,
    why is that people write just for the sake of writing?

  • Tamrat Tamrat

    In the beginning eplf was smart and created/infiltrated tplf for its own purpose.

    Meless made the cause of eplf as a religion among the followers of tplf and the majority of tigrians. (tigrians became a disastrous victm of the civil war not because derg forced them to be United With ethiopia but derg was hit from the back by tigrians in the war against shabia.)

    Both of them were for liberating both tigray and Eritrea. Nobody knows what kind of relationships tplf was expecting but the majority of tigrians would love to joing Eritrea in the early 1990s than Ethiopia.

    1990 tigray was compeletly liberated and Eritrea on the way.

    In 1990 something peculiar happened. Tplf doesnt want an independent tigray. 1991 one both tigray and Eritrea Connected With ethiopia purely on economical basis. 1991 eplf delcared independency thus no need for at least to Call the party lf thus pfdj while tplf continude With it ‘unliberated tigray’. At least tigray needed some thing to sell to survive as independent land. May be that is why tigrians love meless ie before Liberation make the land sulf sufficinet.

    In the early 90s tplf and pfdj/eplf started their political and military advantage to build their economy at the expens of non-tigray-tigrinya People. From simplly taking what ever their hand reaches first to them, soon both strated competing for what is owned by them. eplf Clear policy on the economy ie what is found in Eritrea is only for eplf and what is found in Ethiopia must be shared by both tplf and eplf couldnt go further than 2007.

    2008 eplf miscalculated and wadged war and the war turned out to be not between tplf and eplf as many wished but it became a full war between the two countries. Tplf used the ‘Ethiopia’ card to hit eplf hard. This time it was not gorilla fighting and no more hidding among civilians. (if isayas achived what he wished by the war 1998 then only tigrians could imagine what could be the consquence. this much is the hatread between shabia and woyane)

    Meles what ever his motive was he must be appreciated for stopping the war.

    tplf is getting more racist and smartest while eplf more nationalist and idiotic.

    • Araya

      Tamrat, chill, please stop talking about something you have no idea.
      I am telling you this Qomatan Qomata Kalalut, Abre Lifetfit Yilal.
      talk about something you know, please.

      • Tamrat Tamrat

        If a qomata is never allowed to make fitfit With you, what is the use of a qomata listning to you. I differ from you. A qomata or no, if you want to make fifit With me what i demand is Your filthy fingers are clean. It doesnt matter how many fingers are remaining. Just keep yourself clean.

  • L.T

    Saba Sabina song singers are a lot like Mahmed Werd,Chines,Ethiopians,Bereket Mengisteab,Filmon wedi Shanbel,Abdruhman from Australia,Tekle Huket but the orgin are from Eng Asgedom weldemicheal in 1973 in old day in Axum Hetel in Addis.
    All are in love with Saba(fiameta -flemes-Nebelbal-Ye semen Kokob”-Eritrea”

    Tigrawiti Selam Gebru song “Wedi Gebre Sebari Ataru(Weyane) was first by Yohannes Tiqabu Weldemariam.

    “Kemdila’yee”(Fiorina gual Asmera”by Tekle Tesfazgi…for info Teddy Afro well be in Stockholm in aug..
    Wallias Band most of them were Eritreans,Roha Band’s funders are Eritreans….

    Tamart and your likes lost a lot not only Asseb.

    “We need the land(Redsea)not the people of Eritrea”1967 and he let to burn our Metahit”Hailesillasie
    “We don’t need the land but the love with Eritreans we have”Mengustu Haile Mariam in his book Our struggale in Harare

    “We don’t like the land and sea but the people of Eritrea”Ato Sibhat Nega

    What make this feels to us?

  • L.T

    Ato Tamarat;
    Can you write your own history?
    Your history wrote by this western:-
    “The Ethiopian borderland”Richard Pankhurst”
    “Greater Ethiopia”Donald Levine

    “A history of Ethiopia”Harlod Marcus

    “Haileselassie’s war”Anthony Mockler

    “Ethiopia apost -cold war”Theodore Mivestar

    “Peasant Revolution in Ethiopia”John Young

    “The Ethiopian”Rechard Pankhurst

    ” Ras Alula”Hagga Erlich

    “Layers of time”Pual Henze

    “The history of Ethiopia”Saheeda Adejubab

    You will never learn from your past time and this will the fall of you as an Ethiopia.
    History make by people and the Eritrea people did it”

    President of Eritrea Isaias Afewerqi.1991 in Addis Abeba

  • Tamrat Tamrat

    The Paradox of shabians:

    They claim that they are superior over ethiopia since their history to be recorded but cellebrate still the day they are free from the colonization of Ethiopia while they are still complaining Ethiopia bullying them on the issue of the boarder.

    They assume every political or developmental of Ethiopia is contributed by shabians while they are deprived of all what we achieved. Our question is why dont they do it for themselves?

    The most infamous leader both ethiopia and Eritrea have had ever was mengistu. But shabians seams they have been doing all the sacrifices to have a leader who can make Eritrea on the worlds map by bitting mengistu’s record in dictatorship. (here we congratulate shabians yes, you made it)

    Shabians believe that any eritrean is boren geneous compared to any sort of ethiopian. The problem is belife in ethiopia is private matter. We must not buy the plastic sandal just because they are made of relative inborne geneous People while we can make Our own leather shooes regardless the sandal monument in Asmara is the corner stone of shabis economy.

    • L.T

      Tamrat,Which history you mean you have?
      3000 yrs old story?
      A,Yodith bruned whole Semen(Axumait kingdom)
      B,Ahmed Granga from Somalia Ogaden won two kings of you.
      c,Thoedros killed himself in Mekdela
      D,Yohn the priest cuted his head by Sudan.
      E,Haiel flee to west by Italian force.

      • Hayat Adem

        All the Ethiopian bad lucks you listed here and the 1 million Ethiopian soldiers you claimed to have perished in Eritrea would neither have any transferable positive value for Eritrea’s good nor would make any normal Eritrean feel prouder. Where is Eritrea now? Do we have 80k refugees in 3 or 4 camps of East and Northern parts of Ethiopia? Do we have folks risking their lives everyday trying to run from Eritrea? Is Eritrean history echoing louder in the lands of Eritrea or in Shimelba and Senai? L.T. You don’t deserve to remain blind to a glaring reality.

  • L.T

    Mr Tamrat;
    Haile Slassie dead like dog believe or not and eat it.And we won.Mengstu come 02/1974 and Meles out 08/2012 of their office work and we Eritrea are still alive.

    • Hayat Adem

      Hailesilassie died after he had celebrated his 80th bd and ruled Ethiopia, Eritrea included for decades. How does this make a winner? Mengistu came and fled because he was defeated by synchronized military operations from EPRDF and EPLF. How does that make a winner if you are speaking as an ordinary Eritrean. If you are speaking representing EPLF, you could co-claim the victory of dethroning Mengistu or fully claim the victory of liberating Eritrea from Mengistu’s forces. Then, even if you graduated from an EPLF member to be PFDJ member, I can’t find any worldly logic for you to declare yourself a winner for the natural call that took out Meles. The only opportunity you had to possibly say claim so as far as fighting and winning was the 1998-2000 military confrontations and the diplomatic and proxy wars that followed. If reality lends a clue, look at both countries to see how the two sides came out from all that.

      • Hayat Adem

        …make “you” a winner (2x)

        • rodab

          Dear Hayat,
          Whenever I get time, I read some of your superb posts.
          Ignore my ignorance, but could I ask if you are a female? I realize the name Hayat is used for both genders – thus warrenting my query 🙂

          • Hyatt

            Why do you ask? This s not matching site. Go to to satisfy your ego.

          • Hayat Adem

            Selam rodab,
            Not that I mean to agree or disagree, and nor that it matters much, but for sake of preempting any confusion, my disclaimer is in place: Hyatt is different from Hayat.

      • Historian


        Facts are stubborn you know:

        (1). The Eritrean issue led to the ouster of Haile Selassie

        (2) The Eritrean issue led to the downfall of Meles. Sure the TPLF was instrumental but it was a very, very junior player.

        The real big dog that led to the downfall of Mengistu was the EPLF and to some extent ELF also played a role in tying up the Ethiopian army for years.

        TPLF was not taken seriously by Mengistu’s army because they had no problem ceding Tigray to the TPLF since Tigray basically had nothing of value to EThiopia. Tigray had no coastline, no ports, no industry base, basically nothing of value.

        3. While I can’t prove it, it is possible that the Eritrean issue may have killed Meles as well. It certainly was his biggest stress in terms of the division and mistrust it caused within the Weyane circle of power.

        So you see, Hayat, the best thing any Ethiopian leader can do for his health and his country’s health is to respect Eritrea’s sovereignty and leave Eritrea alone.

        • yegermal

          So what will ultimately do DIA in? Stress emanating from Melles posthumously?

        • Hayat Adem

          Selamat Historian:
          An author whom I respect a lot once said, “if some one is pointing his hand to a skyscraper in the Manhattan area and claims that he owns it, chances are, he is either a disillusioned person or a compulsive lair because the true owner would not have the urge or force of necessity to just do that.” The true claimers of any victory of the past would be the Eritrean people and they don’t need say ‘i killed the king; i killed mengistu; i killed meles; i killed hailemariam, i killed…” Nevertheless, if a claim comes from a historian, then the only choice is to take it:) I wish I could make you even happier than that. But if you want to stand worth your name, you may need to do some serious re-counting on your sheep. I am aware (how can I not be?), for some folks, the world is tinny when they see it from the land of Eritrea and becomes giant only when they see Eritrea from outside. Please do not throw up substandard utterances about Tigray or Tigreans, in general. They are as proud and as self-fulfilled as the Eritrean people. But more than that, they are the closest cousins we have as a society. Talking cheap about people does not ask effort, does not show smartness; does not make you feel or look better. (How did I even get dragged into this kind of exchange?!)

          • Araya

            You are right they are the closest cousins we have as a society of Christians or high landers but are we to say the same thing about Eritrean low landers? Or in Hayat’s eye, all it matters is what the highlander Christians thinks? Right? Right!
            Well, I got news for you, Tigryans are not Eritreans and we are not the same. I am sick of the gemas.

        • Araya

          That is funny.After all that, the eritrean music is in full blast in Addis bars and night clubs. I don’t get it?

          • Hayat Adem

            I hope you are not saying this out of need to brag about it as one clumsy participant puzzled himself months ago with a question of why the Ethiopians wanted to keep a relationship with Eritreans while the Eritreans clearly demonstrated merciless rejection and zero relations. Ethiopians accept Eritrean music. Ethiopians accept Eritrean refugees. too. The first is because of quality, the 2nd is because of sympathy/humanity.
            No question that Ethiopians enjoy Eritrean Tigrigna songs and it is not a recent phenomena. Tsehaytu, Amleset, Teberih and Berekhet used to have lot of audienc in Ethiopia. In 1999-2000, Wedi Tikul’s “Sawa” was being requested to be played in bars of Adigrat by the Ethiopian soldiers, mostly non-Tigrinya speakers. Young Ethiopian singers asked Abrham Afewerki for permission to do Amharic copy of his song “Abei’lla” and it came beautiful. Yemane B, too, is very much liked in Ethiopia. And who can forget YB’s “neTsela Mendeq” song that praised Ethiopia as a good next door neighbor. Such songs inspire so much spirit of fraternity between societies. You should not be surprised at all. And it is good people in Addis are allowed to enjoy those songs without interference from authorities. And who can deny the presence of good appetite for Amh songs in Asmara? These are good social fabrics that remain as linking skeletal ties from which we can rehabilitate sisterly relations for the future as time allows.

          • Tamrat Tamrat

            It is not only in the night Clubs but every where. We do play saba sabina you do play cut the throat of ‘the colonizers’. We do sing ‘ketesmamash kedelash’ you do sing ‘we kneel only when we shoot and ..’.

            It sounds funny for you, but With us it is the Natural Things to do.

        • bukretsion

          tigrai don’t leave eritrea alone unless they became equal partner or one people with eritrea, that is the only way they can survive for the future. in regards to ethiopia am sure they left u alone and respected ur sovereignty .

      • L.T

        I can mean this the deadliest troops lives of Ethiopia in Eritrea are”Semen Yehede Aymelesn”-“Our boys when they leave their homes to Eritrea so make sure they will not come back home again”.More 1 milliones soldiers of Ethiopia hade been destroyed by Eritrean .

  • Tamrat Tamrat

    too many cooks spoil the broth
    too many ‘doctors’ kills the patient

    The sickness of Eritrea is known. The problem lies With the ‘doctors’.

    The eritrean doctors at home have run out of medicine .

    The eritrean doctors from abroad are difficult to relay on two basic problems.

    The first one is the Group of People who Call themselves doctor may not be doctors at all. They can be any one who visit hospitals in their New countries which function superb compared to eritrean hospitals and they seam to know what fails all the doctors and Health system in Eritrea. These ones are the most obnexious ones.

    The second ones are real doctors but they have learnt and experienced their profession in different countries. Though they are dealing With the same sickness of eritgrea, they are too staborne to the extent that the patient dies rather than their prescription left aside.

  • Kokhob Selam

    ብጻይ ኣማኑኤል,

    If you read the poem in our Merhaba you will find a small poem with title ብጻይ ኣማኑኤል and the first letters is your name. in small work the poem calls for unity the call you make always. the strange thing is this was prepared before you put your article above. This shows how much we awate participants are attached to each other.

    I am lucky to express my feelings in Merhaba and soon you will see more massages.

    I love you all.

    • Selam Kokhob Selam,

      Thank you for the nice words. We are together in the fight.


  • L.T

    “My blood is yours”said Jemal Abdel Nasser-“We will give the lesson to Arab”Gold Meir-“War is like Sport to us Ethiopians”Mengustu Haile Mariam-“”Ich bien ein Berliner”John F Kennedy–“Srtuggale is my life”Nelson Mandela-“Imagention is very important than knowladge”Albert Enstien”-Make peace no war”John Lenon—

    “Alem tishaete zytmelee asert 9/10″Ato keleta kidane in 60s–“Saerin libin enahadere yeabi”Memher Asres Tesema”KiHalf ‘do ’emberiu”Umar Aba mushmush—“We ane dekey”Abeba Tesfagirgis baetay—“Zikeatkay gudgad bealika teatwa,Ni geshu men ketelo”Hadish Wldegirgish—“Fkrin Zktimna”Yohannes wend maging—“Ayneberkun”Araya Belaia……

    “I don’t believe in sun”Isaias Afewrqi

    “I don’t like your eye colour”Meles Zenawi

    “I did my long journay”L.T

  • Kokhob Selam


    I am still reading. so far i learn a lot. I may have to read five times to say i have taken the know the level of understanding things differs from man to man. when i complete reading see you in our Merhaba with new poem that will remain in recorded forever.till then Thank you teacher.

  • Salyounis

    Selamat Aman:

    That is some serious and intense piece which requires several re-reads. Now, to apply Amanism on Aman (cut to the chase: how does this expedite our journey to zHadeset Hadas Ertrea?), and to invite readers to the debate, some random notes on three issues: trust, unity and deferred gratification. I will begin with the last one:

    1. Deferred Gratification: I was talking to an Agelglot Eritrean who put in 5 years in the Army then spent 5 years journeying from Eritrea to exile. He is in his early 30s, which means roughly 1/3 of his life (10 years) was not his own. I was lamenting this and he says, with a smile, “Deqi ketema ina Nahna: 10 Amet hibnayen. Kemzen tegadelti do 30 knhb?” (We are city slickers; we donated just 10 years of our lives, not 30 like the armed struggle veterans.) He is not bitter that 10 years were stolen from him; he feels that he prevailed over a system that wanted to keep him in bondage for 20 more.

    I think this is generational. It is a “kids these days” thing. They want things now; they do not want to invest their time, their energy for some future payoff–particularly if the payoff is unlikely (and, in their state of mind, witnessing how leaders misled them, it is an unlikely payoff.) The only way that they might consider it is if this long-term investment is broken up into smaller increments, each with its own milestone, and deliverables. A long term goal and a short term goal. That requires organization, and leadership which takes us to Trust and Unity.

    2. Trust. Well, we have a huge defecit here. You can’t be led by people you don’t trust. By trust, I don’t just mean “are they good people, are they honest people?” I mean can they be trusted to deliver on the responsibility that comes with their title. By “us” I mean those of us who are inclined towards the opposition, or are opposition-by-default. And the leaders are those who have been appointed, elected to positions of authority by an organization, a conference. Obviously whoever elected them placed their trust on them; but can this transcend the confines of their organizations? For the first 10 years, we actually believed that if people only got to know them, they will give them a chance. But, for the first 10 years, all we did is give the Eritrean people front-row seats to the dysfunctional organizations. The newer youth organizations are also having their growing pains. There are many trust-building exercises people and organizations go through because trust is earned over time. Unfortunately, when we use every year to demolish something we built last year, ever year is Ground Zero in Eritrean politics.

    3. Unity. Well, I am not going to say corny things like you can’t have opportunity without unity. Or do I? Unfortunately, Emma, and I hate to take you back to the politics of the 1970s, the most we can hope for–given everything that Eritreans went through from the 1970s to now–is United Front and not Unity. You can have unity by coercion (PFDJ style) or by having unanimity* of goals, a vision of Lenji Ertra. (impossible.) Some differences are simply irreconcilable and forcing them, as we have seen in the last ten years, is delaying the inevitable.


    * Don’t say it 🙂

    • Hayat Adem

      Aman and Sal,
      I don’t know why particularly, but this article of Aman and your (Sal’s) comment reminded me of a movie I watched a while ago. The actors and characters in that movie were ants. While marching in a seemingly agitated rush-rush somewhere, a grass falls down and cuts off the multi-laned army of ants in to two, separating the forwarding from the following comrades. The ones at the front continued without noticing the calamity. The ones cutoff started shouting and screaming, “gap! gap! gap!”. One wise and elderly ant offered his advice to the rest,”do not panic at all. Gaps happen! Gaps happen all the time. Just follow the edge line of this huge tree all the way round. Speed up your pace a bit and we will catch our friends and all will be well.
      There was also one ad line that says, “build it, and they will come.”
      Some scarcities are just outcomes of the mirroring reality. If “trust” is in short supply, what it suggests is an outcome impact, as in cumulative grade report. One needs to go back to the drawing board, work hard and smart to improve the trust gap. Outcome impacts can only be changed when you intensify inputs and maximize output performances. Trust gaps or excesses can not be addressed by PR works. They are there or they are not. And when it is the latter, it is usually the case that there would not be justification to offer otherwise. Like the ants, we need to work around harder on our deliverable. Build it, and they will come.

    • Merhaba Saleh,

      Thank you for framing the debate structure. Let me touch the journey to the “zHadeset Hadas Eritrea” (when we don’t have hadas Eritrea) towards the end my comment and let me approach it in the way you have framed the issue.

      1 -on deferred gratification:- Ah…the armed struggle veterans including those who paid their precious lives had nothing immediate interest in their mind. They had only deferred gratification and that is “hadas Eritrea”. Not the Eritrea of today but hadas in a true sense, a prosperous and democratic Eritrea that welcomes all its parts. The 30 years of struggle didn’t produce their deferred dreams but an isolated Eritrea under a totalitarian regime the worst than its previous rulers. So the young Agolglot Eritrean, if I read his mind correctly (hopefully will read my comment) is convinced that there is not such late gratifications in politics…in fact behind his reserved answers in his whispering mind he is saying that – in politics you will mostly get “Late Dis-satisfactions”. For them (our young) the 20 years plus is waste of their precious time serving to the group interest – in slave and slave owner socio-political relationship. So it is not surprising to make their pipe dream and escape from the hell of slavery full of torture and punishment. They didn’t see our late gratification from “merir kalisi” they wouldn’t expect late gratification from the last 22 years, especially with our intractable social collisions we are witnessing.

      2- Trust:- Developing servant leaders, building unity and trust is the hardest in socio-politics. So far we have failed miserably in these three areas. As a result our people and our nation is affected negatively, economically, socially, and politically – the worst in the history of our people. Trust is the most important pillar to build a cohesive society. A nation with fragmented social groups tantamount to a failed nation with no redemption. We have’t reached that tipping point but there are many indications potentially could go wrong. Trust building a formal of multi-lateral relationships for creating common identity and a sense of unity that can further strengthen and enhance cooperation among our social groups. Since “trust building” is a pre-condition for unity the Eritrean Diaspora must bring the issue in the front loading of our politics. Let us put it in the Bunsen burner.

      3- Unity:- Ah…. life long ah, I hate to say it, many of us are living with this recurring reflexive reaction. Saleh, When I joined the armed struggle the only political consciousness I had was “unity” far more than the illusive “freedom”…as its currency was devaluating long before our territorial independence. It was the process of unity at that time and its obstacles that taught me the nature of real politics and the “politics of unity” at large. So my political outlook on unity at that time was simply ” unity without uniformity and diversity without fragmentation”. That process even if we had two fronts (though initially was calling for complete unity) there shouldn’t be problem to have a united front like that of EPLF/TPLF to root out derg. In fact they had started in 1979 on the sahel fronts and Barka/gash fronts that lasted till up to august 1980. I had hope with that united front will follow the “coalision politcs”. Unfortunately both fronts conspire each other which eventually lead to the worst civil war in the history of our revolution and it took its toll in epic proportion. The war was “war for domination” using foreign forces.Ah.. so much Bi’sefrena….the echo of the past and now. It is ironic that still the existing PO’s in the opposition camp can’t even learn from the setbacks of those years.

      4 – Deficiency of competent leadership:- The current government and the current leadership of the opposition are utterly failed with no iota of redemption process. The intervention of our intellectuals to give the needed guidance and direction to the general public on how to fight the archaic leadership we have. It is a wake up call to all of us that we can’t let our people in a delipidated horrible life for so long.

      5- How does we expedite the journey to zHadeset hadas Eritra? I am always optimistic and I believe that there are many alternatives how to get there if there is “a goodwill” and “will of power” to do the right thing. Any proposal for the existing leadership in the opposition camp is damn complicate to understand it; and will always be seen from their side as conspiracy to thwart the power they held for so long….so they wage resistance and power play in an effort to diffuse the outcry.They have never had our people at the heart of their struggle.

      • Corection: pleas add “is a must” after “archaic leadership we have”

      • Beyan Negash

        Amanuel, Sal, and Awatawyan,

        Amanuel, on the deferred gratification part of your note above that I found so touching, I am posting a piece that supplements to what you had to say – it is a short piece but – speaks eloquently of why those piled stones are precious stones. If you want an ultimate deferred gratification, you will find it in this piece. It was written in dehai in 1996 by a fellow student at Kent, Ohio, but I reposted it in dehai in 1999, during tumultuous year of post independent Eritrea when desperation was at its peak. I trust Berhane wouldn’t object of my taking the liberty to do the same some 14 years later. Thanks Sal for giving me the archeological tools from which to excavate important stuff, and this one tops them all. It resonates no less today as it did when I first read it some 17 years ago. So, here goes it:

        Selam seb Dehai,

        Everywhere you walk seems to have piled stones. Starting the northern shore passing the fertile land of Barka, crossing the highland and sailing the coastal area of red sea, it is unthinkable to see plane land without those piled stones. Although the beauty of the chained mountains of Nacfa make them look as if they were gathered from all the world for meeting, it seems inevitable that they are covered with those piled stones.

        Those piled stones seem to leave the impression that they were gathered for some special purpose. But then who would spend his precious time to gather them? If they were restricted in one area it would probably [have]been easier to give them name. They are everywhere. There is nothing that distinguishes them from each other. They all have the same look. They leave wondering everyone that watches them.

        It is when you take closer look that you start to realize that there is a bold inscription in each and every one of them. It doesn’t look the ordinary writing we all know. But surely everyone who pays attention seems to understand it. It doesn’t take you long to notice that the
        inscription is inscribed in a strange manner. It is beneath the stones and even you have to read inside the ground. That’s when you understand what those piled stones are all about. The moment you start reading beneath those stones, that’s when you start to understand that they are not just stones: They are homes of those self-disinterested heroes who chose to abide in them for the sake of their beloved ones. They chose not to be identified in the conventional way with their names inscribed in marbles. Not because they don’t deserve it, but because they chose a bigger name that would identify them at once and that is Eritrea. They were from all walks: the old and the young, females and males, students, farmers, professionals and educators.

        That’s why those stones are precious. That’s why every Eritrean, especially, at home is unified. To keep their promise of eradicating poverty, illiteracy, disease and backwardness – Woe to those who choose to mock on those promises.

        Berhane Ghaim (Sat, 10 Feb 1996)

        • Dear Beyan :

          This note of Berhane is refreshing our agony and our deferred dreams. The “piled stones,” the reading “beneath the stones”and the “homes of self-disinterest” are the symbolic statues in our mind. And as a result we are still continuing in the fight to actualize their deferred dreams. Remember Beyan, we are visiting these piled stones as thoughts on visiting to listen the whispers of their disappointment, which becomes by the way, the source of power for those who continue to grab their deferred dreams with a burning desire.

          Beyan, thank you for reminding us with berhane’s note a well written note. I hope Berhane is also doing his own share to fight to attain the deferred dreams of our selfless heroes.

    • Selam

      I don’t remember the exact time, but when the issue of the late nayzgi Kuflu was the topic of the week, you wrote an article about the silence of Ato Isayas and as a result you are outraged.
      Now that your brother defected the organization he had been serving for long and by custom you have some connection with Ato Ali Abdu, but you have not said a word about him.
      what is the difference between you and Ato Isayas on the issue of silence?

      • Salyounis

        Selamat Selam:

        1. Actually, the article in question, made the exact opposite point of what you are claiming: I was not outraged and I advised others, specially those with a ticking clock, to save their outrage for something else:) You can refresh your memory here: My point was that kbur president Isaias Afwerki is such a contrariarian and so obsessed with his ego and image of “I don’t bend”, his criteria for making decisions is NOT “is this right, wrong, prudent, risky for Eritrea?”: it is always “does this enhance my image of a guy who is not pressured?” Using that rationale, actually, Eritreans protesting his unjust and illegal reign should not say “Down Down Isaias” but “You are too chicken to resign! Isaias Afwerki: we demand you rule forever!” and he will do the opposite 🙂

        2. In the Isaias-Naizghi Saleh-Ali analogy you are creating, are you comparing humble me with Isaias or comparing Ali Abdu with Naizghi Kflu? 🙂 Both are flawed analogies.

        3. But I get your point, but consider this. I am just living in the political reality invented by PFDJ. In this reality, if someone were to say “a word” about the religion they belong to, they would be “sectarian”; if they say “a word” about their ethnic group, then “divisive”; if they say “a word” about their region, they are “regionalist” (tHte hagherawi). Using that logic, I think if one talks about somebody just because he is a family member, that would qualify them as familicist, (“sdrabetawnet“). Don’t you think so? I mean how so narrow-minded TiHte TiHte Hagherawi of you to expect me to talk about somebody just because he is a family member. You wouldn’t expect Isaias Afwerki to talk about his son Abraham would you? But beyond that…

        4. Six Degrees of Separation*: Where N is the population and K is a constant 30, you, Selam, are connected to a villager in Mongolia, by six degrees of separation. Where is N is the population of Eritrea and Ethiopia and K is a constant 30, you, Selam, are connected to a villager in Inda Selasse, Tigray by two degrees. Where N is the population of Eritrea and K is a constant 30, you, Selam, are connected to Ali Abdu by 1 degree–exactly same as me. So: when you party this weekend, play some music from Mongolia (they are your relatives), play some music from Tigray, they are your kin, play some music for Ali Abdu, he is you family member. I hear he is partial to Fihira. (Please pay special attention to these words: ab liEli Ertra zwerd zKone bedel nkhtfedyo dqas se’an )

        5. As for me, I have always told you (but you won’t listen) that special persistence, that “ms neKhese ayHadgn iyu“, that stamina, that “ab mntay iyu Hailu ms beluni….mesiluni aykonen haQey nere…” that you guys think only belongs to PFDJ is actually an ERITREAN character, which means every future year for PFDJ will be even worse than the present, and, if you think I am just bluffing, if you want to check, think of the rapid decline in prestige for that vampire organization over the last 10 years (sorry for the wake up call), and it will get worse and worse every year. This is not a drill; it is the real thing, sister. This is because the PFDJ has drunk the blood of Eritreans (ab liEli Ertra zwerd zKone bedel nkhtfedyo dqas se’an!) and is, by definition, a dying regime. You are holding the hands of a beautiful corpse. In short, my philosophy is expressed not by gentle Fihira, but by this guy:


        * totally bluffing here. Haile, please check the calculations.:)

  • gebreab

    why some people go many years to school to right such an article.i think western education handed over to Africans is PIA is right,to change the education system in Eritrea.

    • Terry

      If I`m allowed to give a comment to these contradictory article,in a limited English lang. i would say that Mr.Amanuel have read a lot on philosophical meaning about psychology in the society of Europe or els where in the world,but nothing to do with the facts or a state of saving every drop of water,self subsistence as individual and self reliance as a nation.In Africa psychological analysis is a waste or deluxe in its effect,I mean feed your self first in order to think properly,and the truth is nobody want see Eritrea to be seen as a model role to that baby continent who don`t wont to grow up to stand on its feet,and you as a deep-read guy is awaiting a help from that baby who can not even walk alone,to bring your change,while it is not a matter of psychology but a good state of mind,no one can stand against five million>as one ,i read magic books to understand these miracle.

  • haile

    Selam Aman,

    The topic of trust that you have presented here (with in depth analysis of the relevant benefits to the ongoing struggle) is great. I would say it is pitched at leadership level and probably needs to be broken down to practical and easily understood levels to the everyday guy who would then ask what does this mean to me?

    The area of trust has been a major scene of the regime’s attack both at practical and psychological levels to ensure that Eritrean’s were completely disengaged from sense of ownership of their destiny. In the diaspora, it used an insidious tactics of taking over the manifestations of the natural desire of any diaspora community to want to be part of its culture and roots. The regime quietly invaded community centers and took over leaderships there. It ensured that those community organizations were made to serve its wanton economic exploitation and propaganda campaigns.

    Every single social organization of Eritreans is either taken over or harassed with incessant tarnishing to defame and undermine them. Eritrean diaspora’s desire to have a cultural festival is:

    1 – used to ensure that they are financially robbed

    2 – used to claim that Eritrean diaspora are behind the regime’s attrocities

    3 – used to ensure that such association of Eritreans is not used as a spring board of community level projects that would initiate in-ward developmental initiatives of the diaspora itself.

    The regime then goes to Eritrea and goes to extraordinary length to ensure that the people in Eritrea would also lose respect or any sense of solidarity with their diaspora counterparts. IA himself has blamed those who get help from their families abroad for the economic ruin that his regime caused. Please look at the few mansions that the regime built through national service in Asmara and the public has been made to believe that it belongs to people who live in the diaspora! scroll down to read it from the horse’s mouth:

    Tell me how many diaspora are building a mansion like that? Those who were given permission to start building (in order to give its claim credence) were building a standard sized family home, and have long been chased away. Their investment on construction materials was literally put up in flames with piles of cement and sand simply washed away by the elements (as they were told to stop and let it ruined).

    Instead, the regime has placed two or three outgrown mansions and tells the people that it was building it for the diaspora Eritreans!

    In the diaspora, it used the known lack of time of a typical diaspora from attending to such issues of community building. Today, Eritrean communities only meet at specified times of the year, pay their money and are given cheap entertainment. Their money robbed and their reputation tarnished as supporters of a gruesome regime scorned by the world over.

    To me, trust building starts at community level and tackling the regime to take back the economic and socio-cultural nodes of the Eritrean diaspora. I am talking of an alternative arrangement that gives back to people their dignity and sense of belonging to Eritrea. The regime’s crimes are beyond hiding and in the open.

    Eritrean diaspora must be made to see how the regime incapacitated it over the last 22 years, leaving it ill equipped to play any meaningful part politically or otherwise.

    My preposition here is that trust building has to start at bread and butter level for the people to see and really appreciate the contrast to the regime’s acts of impoverishment as a tool of rendering a people powerless. Such trust, would naturally develop into political levels of meaningful interactions. I know you are speaking within the existing set up, but even then, there is nothing stopping the existing players to shift focus and put more emphasis on reclaiming the people’s dignity, because the regime can’t engage you there since it would amount to contradiction in terms as far as its basic nature is concerned.


    • Selam Hailat,

      The article is targeted to our intellectuals who failed to create a condition for “social synapses” through our existing socio-cultural nodes (to use your own word) to communicate each other and understand their grievances each other. In the mean time my piece also reflects the failure of the current leadership – a leadership that could not fit to the need of our domestic politics as well as to the geopolitics of our region.

      you have said: “To me, trust building starts at community level and tackling the regime to take back the economic and socio-cultural nodes of the Eritrean diaspora.” I do agree the ground work should be at the community level.However, Despite the general public’s role is very significant as driving force, they need a think tank (intellectuals) who could draw the road maps and cater the direction of their movements.In short they are interdependent forces for change. The reality is that it is harder to give “rude awakening” to intellectuals than to the general public.

      If you can slice it and dice it in simplistic language for food of thought to general public you have it all. cheers

  • Chef

    This is objective, informed, critical and inward looking analysis. In deed the so-called Eritrean intelligentsia have refused to acknowledge that this problems exist. They would feel more comfortable to talk about the primacy of their own version of ‘unity’ and ‘social–capital’ rather than addressing issues that have historically been the causes of disunity and mistrust. Unity against external enemy, absence of major identity based conflicts and co-existence doesn’t imply there hasn’t been mistrust among divers groups. Time to take practical steps in trust-building taking stock from funds of the culture of respect of each other and brotherhood to build an enduring unity.

    • Beyan Negash

      Selamat Chef,

      As I was readying to post my note below, your concise observation is so befittingly spot on that I am posting under the thread you have earnestly initiated in hopes of others will chime in to elevate the discussion. The topic of unity and trust is one of the fundamental pillars that can contend and stand in stark opposition to the brute force that must be faced with equal force, scope and magnitude. Trust is one fundamental pillar that Eritreans must begin to cultivate if the various political movements are to uniformly join to unseat the brute force in Eritrea.

      Consider Lemlem and Sal’s exchange and at the root of which lie the ideas of trust and mistrust serving as an undercurrent, albeit, at a metaphorical level which is not difficult to detect. The semantics, signs, symbols, and meanings behind such seemingly cute exchanges between Lemlem and Sal, in which the former was insistent about how she loves a specific breed for a dog (a metaphor for EPLF and its followers, she being part of this crowd); as opposed to cats (a symbol of the opposition movements, he being part of this group) and the latter was urging her to reconsider. This is a prefect example that illustrates trust, loyalty, slyness, and the like or lack thereof can wreak havoc if and when not discussed openly.

      Now, suppose some political entity, following Lemelm’s insightful observation about her dog decides to adapt it as its symbol for its political movement much as the democratic party uses a donkey and the republican party an elephant; and the elephant NOT in the room in the dog’s case will be the sizable number of Eritrean Muslims who will already be so offended, so mistrusting to join such a political party. Similarly, someone who so loves his pig and innocently uses a pig (without a lipstick) as a symbol for yet another political party, well, you guessed it, for the same reason and much more the Muslim Eritreans will be so incensed, thusly will again refrain from joining such a movement, because of mistrust and the implied callous disregard that they conceive and perceive in such symbols and signs. Let me personalize the issue a bit.

      My kids have two bunnies in the backyard that they so much care about, feed, and play with. Naturally, I began observing the behaviors of these male and female bunnies at close proximity. I notice something interesting: the female bunny works hard; restlessly digs holes, collects hays as she prepares for the offspring that she is carrying within her body. The male bunny, on the other hand, cozies up and is relaxed all day as he watches her do all the work. When she takes a rest from digging, the male bunny goes and, as it were, does a dry run over the hole as if to communicate to her that there needs to be more digging – sure enough few minutes later the female bunny digs some more.

      So, here is the rub: now, if I were to use a symbol for political movement it would be the female bunny, but then, invariably, some will be so indignant over my choice of a symbol, for whatever reason they fancy, and the movement membership will be confined to my daughter and son, and I even doubt my wife would join us on the cause because she has unrealistic phobia against any for legged creatures. So there, I won’t even be able to convince my own spouse to join let alone others. My wife trusts us alright, but not our poorly and anecdotally derived choice of a symbol, which leads me to segue and pivot to Amanuel’s “Unity & Trust…”

      Trust and politics are oxymora because politics is not an exact science; it requires the art of diplomacy, the art of persuasion, and the art of mesmerizing language and a charismatic leader to deliver the goods and to convince constituents to become part and parcel of its movement. Thus, confining myself to the concepts of “good and trust”, in subordination of politics, the two ideas among many that Amanuel addresses in this article, will serve as higher good. Since politics is not an exact science, then it stands to reason that one can only have great following for its movement through explicit or tacit social contract. But, talk alone won’t cut it.

      If such political movement is going to attract diverse group into its fold, it must be considerate, sensitive, embracing and accepting of differences. In Aristotle’s words, “Every art and every inquiry, and similarly every action and pursuit, is thought to aim at some good; and for this reason the good has rightly been declared to be that at which all things aim” (Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, Book 1).

      Therefore, any Eritrean political movement needs to have rules, regulations, policies, and laws as its sommum bonum, “the principle of goodness in which all moral values are included or from which they are derived; highest or supreme good” (dictionary definition).

      The only viable way trust can be nurtured within any political formation and if any political entity is to garner momentum can effectively be done through rules and laws. At the root of it all Eritrean political movements need “deontological ethic or deontology…that judges the morality of an action based on the action’s adherence to a rule or rules. It is sometimes described as “duty” or “obligation” or “rule” – based ethics, because rules “bind you to your duty” (see Wikipedia for more). So unity and trust are the two pillars that must necessarily be foregrounded with rules, policies, and laws that are equitably and thoughtfully derived.


  • Tamrat Tamrat

    Ignoring my guilty conciousness by the time and energy spent by Emanuell i have to play the same differing the issue for the future and feel good about myself by blamming the rest by anwwering you the recprocal.

    So TT you said: Ethiopia includding tigre, afar, kunama, saho, Belen want the land and not the people of Eritrea.

    Isayas wants the power and not the people of Eritrea.

    The diaspora and the youth in its mass exodes want a better life and not the poeple of Eritrea.

    The human trafickers want only the cash not the People of Eritrea.

    The UN wants the land of Eritrea and not the People of Eritrea.

    The diaspora who bring their Family out of Eritrea and not the People of Eritrea.

    The oppositions party leaders want their immediate advantage and not the People of Eritrea.

    The pilost and generals of edf want a better life and not the People of Eritrea.

    The Canadians want only the minerals of Eritrea and not the People of Eritrea.

    The supporters of pfdj both at home and abroad want only their advantage and not the People of Eritrea.

    ETc etc etc

    Then my question to you then who is eritrean?

    • T..T.

      Tamrat Tamrat,

      The weekend’s ELF/EPLF dardasha/Ilal, gave faces to the Eritreans problems and personalized them as Haile Selasie’s and Isayas’s. You made honest errors to take it out of context and blame the whole Ethiopian people and whole Eritrean people. If you did that intentionally, you are just misrepresenting the intent of the discussants. Your honest mistake may instigate innocent people into undesired reactions. Please, therefore, make honest and responsible comments that help to build trust among the people.

      • Tamrat Tamrat


        You are the one who blames Ethiopians. I just simply quoted you.

        And you did not answer the quesiton.

  • T..T.

    In this weekend’s ELF/EPLF veterans Dardasha/ILAL, the table was enriched by what was discussed at the tables of the reunion of the ELF veterans. The significant developments in the post-Forto operation, people are coming out to demonstrate in many cities in support of the operation. Hegdefites are making second thoughts to stand for the people because they felt ignoring the endangered youth makes them traitorous party staging a coup d’état against the spirit of living in peace in Eritrea. The table tried to assess the governance of Isayas. If the people are suffering from the effect that the military commanders were given free hand to rule in Eritrea, does Isayas have the upper hand in what is going on?

    In socialism, one overthrows the feudal or the rich by strengthening the mass or the poor to create the dictatorship of the poor. In capitalism, one strengthens the rich by disfavoring or oppressing the poor to create the dictatorship of the rich. However, Eritrea of Isayas does not fall into one of these two dictatorships. Then, what is it? One of the veterans jumps in to explain that Isayas’s dictatorship was shaped by his want to become omnipotent, maintaining his dominance through causing disasters and ordeals to his subjects. Another asked, don’t the subjects be treated well to get their blessing. It depends on who these abused subjects are. Another veteran added, like they say people on their knees never stumble or those cement skinned never feel the pinch. A third veteran took turn to bring up a borrowed Tigrigna saying that he explained it in English to be saying that “One who fakes his sleep never even wakes up to the tornado or earthquake.” Thus, the Eritrean Diasporas are on their fake sleeps and could not be awakened to the fact that Eritrea is in disaster due to Isayas’s erratic leadership, defiant to the international laws and above all his brutal treatment of our people.

    The different proposed-sayings invoked several English proverbs to describe what was intended. However, the table summed up the different perceptions describing Isayas’s subjects that accept his absolute dominance as those who go with the flow. The reference of “go with the flow,” here, is the one that is found in the description of the saying that says “Only dead fish go with the flow.” Because the dead fish specifically and only applies to Isayas’s Diaspora supporters, the table could not fully state the saying. Knowing that through imposing poverty and hardship Isayas has conditioned our people inside Eritrea to accept his dominance, the wording or dead fish description does not apply to them. But yet the wording “with the flow” in foreign affairs could be a reflection of trusting the expertise on foreign affairs, while internally is just a reflection of dead fish but that does not apply to the people inside Eritrea, simply because they are controlled by fear.

    The incoherence between the internal and external political culture would be acceptable, if and only if the people inside the country are not ruled through force and controlled by fear. One of the veterans questioned the discussants, if he (Isayas) was rejected internally and externally (UN), then how could he be there for so long? One of the interesting answers was that some countries are directly involved in East Africa and Somalia, supporting Al-Shabab of Somalia and Isayas was just taking a fee for taking the blame. The fee is not about how much money but about how long he is wanted to stay in power in order to take the blames. When the dismantling powers are targeting the whole region of East Africa, Isayas is reading it as that by destroying all East African countries will make him the strongest in the region. Where does that leave the Eritrean family members? Conditions inside the country unlivable, and our people hated in the neighboring countries and denied outside the region, unlike those pre-independence days. The previous generation broke it by its silence to Isayas’s power abuses and, therefore, is responsible for fixing it.

    Chris Rock once said, “For every generation, the previous generation makes it easier.” The Eritrean Revolution was primarily about the Eritrean people. When Haile Selassie said, “Ethiopia wants the land and not the people of Eritrea” and put a strategy of drying up waters in order to kill the fish, our Revolution showed it care for the people through direct confrontation against the local reactionaries, his army, and outside supporters of his colonialism. The very generation that paid high sacrifices to save the Eritrean people and ensure the Eritrean independence failed to make life easier for the new generation. What had happened? We fought to save the people in order to save the land in the face of “Ethiopia wants the land and not the people of Eritrea.” And, now we have to save the people in order to save the land in the face of “Isayas wants the power and not the people of Eritrea.”