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The Genesis Of Eritrea’s Slavery Project

This an article from the archives. It was first published by the Awate Team on October 23, 2007. Many developments took place in the last decade since the article appeared, but the deteriorating situation was clearly evident since then. On this occasion we would like to acknowledge Ambassador Adhanom Gebremariam the first person to write extensively about the so-called national service in a series entitled “Wefri Warsay_Yeka’alo, Wefri Barnnet (The campaign of slavery). Awate Team

On October 23, 1995, exactly 12 years ago, the National Service program took effect in Eritrea.  Over the years, as the prewar, war and post-war environment came to define Eritrea, clauses in the proclamation that were applicable for exceptional situations such as states of emergency became the norm, resulting in a nation where practically all citizens over the age of 18–anywhere between 400,000-800,000 people–are in a constant state of mobilization for the last 12 years. There are Eritreans who were 18 in 1995, who had every reason to expect to resume their lives in 1997, but who have been in the front-lines for the last 12 years. This, then, is the genesis of Eritrea’s enslavement project, the so-called “Warsay-Yeka’alo Initiative.”

Under the proclamation, all Eritreans between the age of 18 and 50 are required to participate in the National Service.  This is because the National Service program is defined as “active national service and reserve military service.”  Those recruited for active national service (18-40 year olds) are supposed to avail themselves for 18 months: a six-month military training followed by 12 months of service in national security or national development programs overseen by the military. The Reserve is for the 40+ Eritreans.

Only four classes of Eritreans are exempted from National Service: (1) Those who already gave national service prior to the promulgation of the law and (2) “fighters and armed peasants who “have proved to have spent all their time in the liberation struggle”; 3) those who, for health reasons, are unable to participate in the national service (but are still required to participate in 18 months of public service.) and (4) those participating in an approved educational program. Non-exempt individuals may travel out of the country if they post a “60,000 Birr” bond.

The Creeping Enslavement

There are several factors that contributed to the establishment of a campaign-without-end in Eritrea.

  1. Absence of Democracy: Like all laws in Eritrea, the National Service was presented as a proclamation. It was not debated by the people, nor the people’s representatives, nor was it voted on.  It was simply proclaimed as law. Thus, there simply is no mechanism for the people to register their approval or disapproval of the law or whether its harm outweighs its benefits.  Not coincidentally, the loudest exponents of the National Service are those who have made sure that they, and their loved ones, are out of its harm way.
  1. Bait and Switch: National Service was presented as a noble duty on all citizens and only requiring 18 months of sacrifice. But the proclamation has an escape clause: 18 months of service unless Eritrea is facing mobilization or a state of emergency.  And the nation, mostly due to the rash decision of its self-declared leaders, has been in an undeclared state of emergency for more than half of its existence now. Consequently, most of the National Service members have been pressed into service now for 5, 8 and 10 years.
  1. Vague Goals: Many Eritreans state that the youth would have been demobilized if the Eritrea-Ethiopia border were to be demarcated.But this assumes that the purpose of the National Service program is purely of a military nature. Depending on the priorities of the regime, this is subject to change. The National Service is a military program (national security), as well as an economic program (national development) and a social program (integration of the society.)  A government without any constraints to its power can invoke any reason at all to press the youth into indefinite military service, if it is in its interest to do so.
  1. Corruption: The Proclamation speaks of non-existing institutions like the “ministry of local government” and “board” that is supposed to have oversight over the proclamation. But ever since the arrest of Mahmoud Sheriffo, the ministry of local government has been dissolved and its functions divided up among the military command zones and their “desks.”   The board was supposed to review applications for exemptions from applicants claiming exemption from the service. This is now done by the generals who require huge fees and bribes to bestow the “unfit” certificate on the children of parents with means.


The Eritrean government, which is made up of the leaders of a guerrilla movement whose fighters had no breaks, nor vacations, and knew nothing but work, wants to apply its culture to a younger generation—under the guise of passing over a proud legacy of determination, resolve, and hard work.  But there is no professional army in the world that requires of its active-duty members to serve without pay, rotation or breaks.  The consequences of trying to apply guerrilla culture to a professional army have been devastating: Eritreans are flowing out of the country by the hundreds and those who remain are embittered by their experience of being the slaves of corrupt and abusive generals.  At the root is: the National Service Proclamation.

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  • DreadFool

    Selam, democracy is overrated, I think that’s not what should be aspired in Eritrea, however an opening for private enterprise would turn things around….

  • Abraham H.

    Hello Awatistas,
    I’ve always wondered why the Weyane govt. have not followed on their pledges on the border ruling and pave the way for its implemetation? Have they been using the unresolved border issue as a means of weakening the Isayas regime? If so, have they thought of the serious adverse consequences to the Eritrean people in particular but also to the Ethiopian people of the no war no peace situation? Don’t they think they are doing a great favor to the Eritrean dictator by handing him an excuse he could use indefinitely to enslave his people under the pretext of re-claiming occupied territories? If the issue is border related, are the Weyanes really willing to hold the relationship between the two peoples hostage just for the sake of a few villages? Is the tremendous price paid in terms of lost opportunities really worth this no war no peace policy?

  • Thomas D

    Dear AT,

    I know the tedious work you guys are doing to moderate us and run this website at the same time. I just need to know why my two posting are still pending moderate revision. I just need to know if they are ever to be let go:) I have have broken the posting guideline and let me know so that I know in the future. Thank you!

    • Nitricc

      Thomas; AT have explained billion times that they have nothing to do with any posting. Why are you people doing that? It is very aggravating. Now, at times articles are eaten by disqus, deal with it. Whatever you tried to post; post it again.

      • Thomas D

        Hi Nitricc,

        Are you AT or you are just doing what you do best, KA like you normally do with PFDJ:)

        Thanks, anyway.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Thomas,

      If your comment is on hold in Disqus, repost it again; that is how we are dealing with this crazy disqus. In case it appeared after you reposted it, you just delete one of them. By doing that you could mitigate the burden of the moderators.

      • Thomas D

        Thanks, Amma.

        You are always helpful.

  • Thomas D

    Semere T,

    You said, “We know how to fight you. We’ve done it for thirty years. YOU CAN WIN BATTLES BUT NOT A WAR”. When you said “YOU CAN WIN BATTLES BUT NOT A WAR”, I think you are referring the “pull back” or “Ansahib” of guerrilla fight type. Men, You are into something! I have heard of this statement you are referring for over the 30 years of war for independence that ruined my childhood still killing my adult life and that is not enough for you type. How about trying diplomacy for a change? Ethiopia-Kanya, Ethiopia-Sudan, Ethiopia-Somalia and the rest of the region have unresolved border problems, but they don’t seem to walk to the direction you are trying to take us. Like I told you time and again, your line of thinking is outdated and it is no more used. It was overused in Eritrea. It is exhausted. It needs to be put into the waste as a trash and get dumped/ buried, period!

    • Hayat Adem

      Thomas D.,
      Spot on! Now, what ways and chances do you see the arsenal-stuffed brains like that of SemereTs get out of our way and smart thinkers like yourself come to the forefront to lead the generation smartly to where it deserves to be?

      • Thomas D

        Hi Hayat,

        I have been reading your writing on forum. As a matter of fact, it is a blessing to have you around because your approach is current and very relevant. Unlike that guy Semere T, your approach will solve current problems and avoid future confrontations. If any post independence development (1991-1997) was seen in Eritrea, it was through pursuing economic integration, diplomacy, peace and working with IGAD members. This happened before Mr. DIA wanted to take it all and reverse everything backwards until we get to below zeroooooooooo

    • Dis Donc

      Dear Tom,
      I do not remember of reading you before but you are of a sound character. Well done to you!

      • Yoty Topy

        Hi Disc,

        I stand corrected:)

        • Dis Donc

          Dear Yoty,
          Me toó or mich auch, as the Germans would say.

      • Thomas D

        Hi Dis Donc,

        Thank you for the compliment! I enjoyed reading your inputs. Keep it up, brother.

    • Dear Thomas D.,

      There is one very important thing Semere Tesfai forgets. That is, these are different times, and no Eritrean except those who are partners in crimes would follow them to the field. They will find the Eritrean country side a toxic environment that will not accept them as it did in the past, and the people in the countryside will stand with Eritrean justice seekers. They will be like a fish on dry land. That one battle they will lose will be the end of the regime, and the emancipation of the Eritrean people. Power will be in the hands of the people, and they will use it to bring to justice those who have committed crimes against humanity.
      Remember, there are some of them who say that they will invite the Egyptians and all Arab powers of the region to their rescue. This shows that they feel hopeless and insecure, and they have lost trust in the support of the Eritrean people. Unfortunately, for the sake of power, they are ready to do anything.

      • Solomon

        Dear Horizon,

        Wise, skilled but unfortunately a change seeker by any means. Perhaps an external change seeker?

      • Thomas D

        Hi Horizon,

        I approve your above message:) We, Eritreans, will never endorse or participate in any kind of war or hostilities with our neighbors or any nation place in our horizon. Our language will only be diplomacy. From our more 30 years war, we learned only one thing and that is to avoid war. As an Eritrean, I am happy to see Ethoipian brothers and sisters to come together to work for peaceful coexistence and mutual advancement to achieve our common peoples’ demands.

        • Nitricc

          Hey Thomas; i know i am dealing with the product of Asmara University and you know what i mean; but diplomacy without principals is nothing short than prostitution. Eritrea and Ethiopia went to court and your TPLF signed on the dots in front of the entire world agreeing to final and binding. if they couldn’t honor what they signed in front of the world; what makes you they will honor any dialog; diplomacy or any kind of agreement? I know it easy for you to kiss-up to the likes of Horizens; who are dishonest brokers but what can we expect from a product of Asmara University?

          • Thomas D

            Hi Nitricc,

            Make sense to your own people and you will be expected to make sense to the rest of the world. I hope this will help you to understand yourself. Thank you!

          • Nitricc

            Hey Thomas; I know you can’t think that deep but the reason we are where we are is because someone left Badime and its issues unresolved back in 90’s. And now, leave this issue unresolved; the next generation will be back to square one. there will be more wars and bloodsheds. Again, i don’t expect you to know that. for once; think.

          • Thomas D

            Hi Nitricc,

            Eritrea is a sovereign nation with border problems with Sudan, Ethiopia and may be Djibouti. Ethiopia has border problems with almost of all her neighbors. Sudan has border problems with Libya and Egypt. So many African countries have unresolved border problems, but they also have visa free movement of their people and so the border would only be symbolic. As stated, our border with Ethiopia is virtually demarcated and it is the physical demarcation that is remaining. So, what do we benefit from insisting on the physical demarcation if we are to have people from both sides of the border crossing without a visa. If the UN has a map of Eritrea and Ethiopia with lines among the borders, why do you insist on the physical demarcation? I mean you are only talking about the markings which will not have any effect if the people living on those area have no respect of it at all. That is why you need to think globally. Borders are only put on maps, it is even difficulty to handle and resolve land disputes among traditionalist farmers. Take it easy on the border thing, if it is on the map it is legally recognized by the international community,

          • Nitricc

            Hey Thomas; again you are not understanding the historical background the two nations; Eritrea and Ethiopia. They used to be one country and there are many issues than can get out of hand at any given moment. The only way to solve this issue once for all is by letting the rule law working out it self. Right or wrong; the issues with Yemen was put to rest through legal means and it is a done deal. why can we do the same thing when it comes to badime with the Ethiopians? the point is think for lasting peaceful existence. if you don’t put to rest legally; The Ethiopians will keep coming back due to their superior numbers and Eritrea can’t afford bloody war now and then. why are you afraid solving through legal means what ever dispute Eritrea have with Ethiopia? hate the government all you want but that should not stop you from doing the right thing.

          • Thomas D

            Hi Nitricc,

            So, what are you going to do if the Ethiopian’s do not want to negotiate with a bunch of killers in Asmara? They are saying that solving the problem will never stop the bunch of mafias in asmara from declaring war again. You know who initiated the war in 1998, your president and who is to trust him from doing the samething with Sudan and the rest of our neighbors. So, if it is not Ethiopia, it will be Sudan and if it is not Sudan it will be the U.S. if it is not the U.S. it it will be EU, AU and UN. The conflict will go on to prolong whose life in Power, don’t let me guess for you:) The Asmara University thing and me being there that mentioned above was really funny though:) You know what Nitricc, I am the only person here who could understand why you are acting the way you are acting? I know you have inferiority complex because you were born in Ethiopia and you cannot grasp how we Eritreans converse……. That is why you hate Eritreans and pretend you love the nation more than any of us. By pretending in support of the dictator, you are actually trying to fit in among us. You are overworking yourself though. Try to be human and the Eritreans will understand your inferiority issue and will work with you:)

          • Thomas D

            Hi Nitricc,

            Eritrea is a sovereign nation with border problems with Sudan, Ethiopia and may be Djibouti. Ethiopia has border problems with almost of all her neighbors. Sudan has border problems with Libya and Egypt. So many African countries have unresolved border problems, but they also have visa free movement of their people and so the border would only be symbolic. As stated, our border with Ethiopia is virtually demarcated and it is the physical demarcation that is remaining. So, what do we benefit from insisting on the physical demarcation if we are to have people from both sides of the border crossing without a visa. If the UN has a map of Eritrea and Ethiopia with lines among the borders, why do you insist on the physical demarcation? I mean you are
            only talking about the markings which will not have any effect if the people living on those areas have no respect of it, at all. That is why you need to think globally. Borders are only put on maps, it is even difficulty to handle and resolve land disputes among traditionalist farmers. Take it easy on the border thing, if it is on the map and is legally recognized by the international community, it is a deal done case.

            Now, let’s talk about stopping all the madness that is pushing our people to leaving the nation they fought for and the nation they love.

          • Berhe Y

            ሰላም ቶማስ

            ከም በዓል ንትሪክ ቦርደር ቦርደር ዝብሉ፡ ንሳቶም ዋላ እታ ኤርትራ ትበሃል ሃገር ፋሕ ፋሕ አተዩዋ፡ ከም ሶማል አብ ሕልኽልኽ ዝበለ ሽግር ትእቶ፡ ዋላ ህዝባ ፋሕ ብትን አትዩዎ ይሰናኸልን፡ ፈቀዶ ቦምብን፡ ጥይትን፡ ጥምየትን፡ ዕንወትን ይኹም (ከምዚ ንህዝቢ ስርያ ወሪዱዎ ዘሎ) ስጋብ ኢሳያስ አፈወርቂ አብ ስርዓት / መሪሕነት ዝሃለ፡ ኩሉ ነገር ብትንትን ይብለ እዩ እቲ ሕልናኦም፡፡

            እምበር ከምቲ ዝበልካዮ፡ ምንም ዘምጽአ ለውጢ የለን፡ እቲ ተሪፉ ዘሎ፡ ካብ ሓሙሽተ ዘይሓልፉ ጠበቃታት ዝከተሉዎን (ዋላ እስከ 1 ሚልዮኡን ዶላር ንዓመት ይወድእ ንበሎ፣ ካብዚ ሎመ ንመዓልቲ 1 ሚሊዮኡን ንላዕሊ ዘጥፈእዎን፡ ልዕሊ 300000 መንእሰይ ከርተት ዘብልዎ) ዝኸፍእ የለን፡፡

            ኩሉ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ርሳስን መስመርን ሒዚ፡ ነቲ ቦርደር ክሕንጽጽ እዮም ዝደልዩዎ፡፡


          • Thomas D

            Hi Berhe,
            How sad, but I agree with your above comment 100%.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Hi Berhe,

            (a) After kicking out the mechanism of implementation, you can’t cry for border implementation. (b) After you are satisfied with virtual demarcation, you can’t cry for border denarcation. (c) After taking positions (a) and (b) they do not have legitimacy to hostages to our youth on the pretext of border issue. The remaining stage of this border saga can not be addressed under this regime for the reasons mentioned above. Don’t you think so? But I do.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Emma,

            I agree with you, the boarder have nothing to do with it. I think IA wants to keep the constant state of conflict so he can prolong his stay in power. I also think that he is preparing or have already prepared a plan so that his son or who ever he chooses to take power and continue to rule Eritrea in exact the same way.

            He is following the scrip of N. Korea to the dot. The only unfortunate thing for him is, that he doesn’t have nuclear arms.

            Sometime I mention this to people to see their reaction and they tell me “ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ስቕ ኢሉ ክግዛእ”. Well the hard truth is it will be the same and we should expect it to be the same so that’s why we need to continue.


          • Nitricc

            Hey Aman-H; I am glad you came out clean. You are putting on a preposterous show; even the TPLF never presented. I am telling you; the more people like you are absurd the more the government will garner the support of the majority. Believe it or not, your TPLF is out from Eritrean land. At the end of the day the rule of law will prevail. Sham on you!

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Didn’t yourself cursed the regime for failing addressing early the border issue before the referendum? What does it mean when you say “we are where we are because someone left Badume and its issue unresolved back in the 90s “? Isn ‘t this your lamentation about the issue? There was none other than the regime that left the issue unresolved until they lead us to the senseless war of destruction in 1998. Do not attempt to be a patriot than the real patriots who spent almost their life to bring the nation you are proud of. Now your limits.

          • Nitricc

            Hey Aman-H when you broke the rule by posting without salutations; i knew i got you. of course you edited it latter but on your original post; you broke the rule i.e. you lose. the same thing with your friend Semere andom; the only difference is, he left it there. anyway; one of the greatest achievement of the Eritrean government on this debacle is, PIA kicking the UMME out of Eritrea. of course i am not expecting you to understand the implication of had the UMME stayed; your judgment is clouded by hate of the Eritrean government coupled with your blind love to the Weyane.

          • iSem

            You keep mention rule of, can you tell us what it means or how you perceive it?

            If you are talking about PFDJ when you said the government will garner support, then I have bad news for you, there is no more support, support like the gold in Bisha, like the brain cells in Nitricc, like the welfare in Canada is finite:-) And so PFDJ has exhausted all the support because like visionless villagers who log the trees without replenishing them, PFDJ has desertified its finite support, there is no going back, even if TPLF occupies Eritrea the Eritrean people will of course defend themselves but they will be mindful that when defending they do not inadvertly give a life line to PFDJ,

            And here are some prophetic words from the brainy, cerebral and toothless Semere, brainy and cerebral is relative to Nitricc:-)

            1. When everything is said and done and hopefully with truth and reconciliation is reigning, there will never be a statue of IA, or pf PFDJ, both in he history books and minds of the people of Eritrea and now after the world took ownership of the crimes of PFDJ through the COI report, PFJD and IA and you, the supporters will be in the pantheons of Saddam and Gadaffi

            2. PFDJ will never be able to reclaim the support it has, granted there will be those no matter what will support PFDJ even after IA admits all the crimes, but it will never be able to return back to the good old days and by that the bad old days of the opposition are thing of the past
            Because you are going against the fact, does not make you a contrarian, you are not, and all PFDJ supporter are not created equal, some are smart, like Dr Mengel of Germany who was experimenting to isolate the blonde blue eyes by running deadly lab experiments on jewish people, while his boss had no blue eyes or blood hair, that is how blind a smart person becomes under despotism and there are those innately dumb, like a poor country with no mineral endowments, with no forest and with no rain is dealt the worst geographic card to use a power metaphor, you are dealt the worst card, you are not even a smart supporter as per your admission to Hayat when she diagnosed you with the IQ deficit that borders your big soldier shoes.

            And you told Emma, shame on you, since you quoted Greek philopshers many times before or should I say someone gave you a Greek philopsher’s quote, I will tell you one story about Socrates:
            someone told Socrates that the Oracle said that Socrates was the wiset man in Athens, Socrates replied that it was incorrect, the teller insisted, so Scorates when to all philophers and learned men and asked them if they considered themselves the wisest person in Athens, everyone replied YES, they believe they were and so Socrates said that the Oracle might be right because at least I know what I do not know.
            Nitricc, know what you do not know and you may not need more cells to function in this simple world that is so complicated for you, you can live a successful and fullfilling life even with disability of one brain cell

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Nitrickay,

            One point right and one point wrong. You have said: “we are where we are because someone left Badume and its issue unresolved back in the 90s.” This is right, because EPLF left for TPLF since they kick out ELF from the same spot in 1981 for the all known reasons. You also have said: “the next generation will be back to square one and there will be more wars and bloodshed “. This is wrong, because the border issued is resolved except we are hold hostages by the current leaderships to use it for sustaining their powers. The young generation must understand that they should not go to war for the current border saga.


          • Thomas D

            Hi Nitricc,

            Make sense to your own people and you will be expected to make sense to the rest of the world. I hope this will help you to understand yourself.

            Have a good relationship with your own family, community and sympathize with those brothers and sisters who are been enslaved by your bosses; and then you will be expected to talk
            about diplomacy with our Ethiopian brothers and sisters. Your bosses made it impossible to the Eritrean people to live a normal life and your likes want us to talk about ethiopia/weyane and so on to blind us from seeing the crime they themselves are committing on our own people. It is too late brother, Nitricc. The world has finally sided with us, the just seekers. Those who have been killing and those who have been worshiping are accused of crime against humanity. Just to help you find this information, visit the UN website and all over the internet.
            Thank you!

    • Solomon

      Selamat ThomasD,

      It is not about your deceased childhood or your dying adulthood.
      It is about bringing to a JUST secession of the current stalemate for the sake of Today’s children’s lives to have a long and prosperous lives. Sharpen your pencil and stop being fodder for Hayat Adam by obstructing this debate. Her contributions will be weighed and educational and more valuable to all including your healing than your child like tantrums — your lost opportunity to throw such doesn’t justify it. Suck up and deal with it!

      • Thomas D

        Hi Solomon,

        I don’t see your response to my posting of any relevance. My writing to Semere T was briefly stating that I already have wasted my life following a wrong route war to resolve issues; and I have no more appetite for discussing battles vs wars. Semere boasts about winning wars in the past and if necessary Eritrea can repeat it now. I don’t about you but I cannot advertise for war because Eritrean have waited 30 years to liberate the nation we call Eritrea. In the war of liberation, there was the so called offense and the so called defense. There was the so called pushing the enemies and the so called retreating from the enemy. For most, our “tegadeli” were in defense and retreating. During the liberation war and badme war, it was the Eritrean people children and adults all together who had to suffer. So, I don’t want to see any of that for the remaining of my life. I don’t the peace loving Eritreans want to see any of that either. Do you have any problem with that? If you have, then Join Semere T because it seems to me he is advocating for war NOT me. If he wants war, “Mengedu cherk yargelet”:) My family and people I know will never join his on that war:)

  • said

    Hi ISEM

    Your recent comment truly contradict where you stand in regard justices in regard to justify the Unjustifiable Israel’s wholesale effort to destroy Gaza and murder more than 2000 Palestinians, including hundreds of children.

    Nobel acceptance speech given prominent status:

    I swore never to be silent whenever human beings

    Endure suffering and humiliation. We must alway

    Take side. Neutrality helps the oppressor, never the victim.

    Silence encourages the tormentor, never the tormented.

    A noble sentiment indeed but not one that seemed to inspire
    Wiesel to live up to his peace prize, in fact evidence suggests Wiesel had a
    soft spot for war, at least war in the Middle East

    • iSem

      Hi said:
      No contradiction on my stand on Israel, I condemn, the unmeasured force they used against civilians, when the cowards of Hamas and brotherhood hid there. What I said was Israel created a vibrant democracy for themselves, true or false? They do not inflict the pain the Arab leaders inflict on their ppl in the name of Islam. Israel is a solution, meaning if the Arab leaders do the same for their people as Israel did for their people. In Israel there are laws, they are civilized by choice, the Arab leaders enslave their own people, countries like Saudi Arabia are only countries because they have a flag and geography otherwise, it is family owned and operated country and in a normal word, they would be banned from the UN, true or false?
      You guys stop saying, I am against the poor oppressed Arab people. The Arabs collectively cannot do anything to Israel, but they are destroying their own including their history and heritage, in the good name of Islam, a great religion that played an excellent role in human civilization as a religion of peace and prayers and sacrifices, it has no ill feeling against Christians or Jews, amilu ahle alkitab belti ahsen, treat the people of the book with the best, tell one thing the Hamas and ISIS did for their people except turning them to suicide bombers, I will tell you 10 thing Israel did for their people.
      The Arabs receive more justice in Israel courts than in their own kangaroo court, when I said this long time ago, a friend told me, I took it from Alan Dershowitz, I replied, he took it from me.
      So Said, there is no contraction here, unless you want to pull nitric.
      The Jews state given their own bad experience could have been better understanding of the plight or the poor Gaza people and many times their force us unmeasured, they use excessive force and I hope they can surgically destroy Hamas, ISIS and brotherhood, all bigots twisting the noble Koran teaching for their own interests and Israel has left them to dust and they will go back to extinction if they continue the way they are going, no laws and no civility. If this happens, I weep for the poor, good, faithful Muslims who are escaping terror from their scared land but if Hamas, ISIS, are destroyed, it is good for humanity. In Eritrea we Jihadist group and I like them, they are not for distraction, they are protecting their own heritage and way of life, Hamas and ISIS are not. True or False. Let us speak the truth and the truth, Israel is the land of laws they do not humiliate their own people and they have future, the Arab, oil barons, the family owned countries are bad for humanity and bad for Arabs and bad for our region

      • said

        HI ISEM
        There are thousand issue we face in every continuant and world wide be it political, economical and environmental and what have you and you name, you can pick your topic and pick any subject you wish to highlight, it is yours choose and argue about it. it easy to point your finger and choose your subject and make your issue rightly argued. For me wrong is wrong. I will not defend colonialism of any kind or defend an illegal act in international law or national period or be dishonest as justification and argue.
        many countries, including the west lacks legitimacy when it criticizes the aggression of others. just if I choose what I think is out of context and I bring to your attentional an related subject and your will agree with me. like colonialism, the French tried to hold on in Vietnam and Algeria in doing so millions of people innocent lives died and the Portuguese and Spanish colonialism have done the same in Africa and South Amrica and the English did the same in many part of the world , with disastrous consequences or The Iraq War was an act of pure aggression, war that killed hundreds of thousands people same goes for Hitler’s murder machine., Stalin and Mao that brought starvation and genocide to their own people., the list is long .last predecessors in the twentieth century experienced the two World Wars, which killed on the order of 75 or 100 million people . Hitler’s invasion of Poland was sheer aggression. Japan’s conquests in Southeast Asia were pure aggression. what the Dutch had done to Indonesia brutal as well in Aceh.
        The point is the moral challenge stand firm with justices and against oppression that St. Ambrose brought up, which is if you let a third party be killed when you could have stopped it, you are as guilty as the murderer. Some tiny minority Eritreans still defend Eritrea was better off with Ethiopia, they were better treated it is a moral challenge.

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear Semere Tesfay,
    The queen is very contented and she is answering to you short phrase in each post you put here. Why is that you think? wait wait, what if she is an Eritrean? what if she is one of us who fought for national freedom or at least she supports the independent of Eritrea? what is the importance of challenging her with what she don’t oppose for example like the ” Read sea will remain Ethiopian’s ” did she ever say so?

    I will ask her to come with everything you say to prove what her stands are.

  • Hayat Adem

    Dear SemereT,
    You gave me nothing. Not good enough.

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear lovely Peace,

    I as person really don’t have problem with you and I never label you any of the above. Today let me ask you simple but interesting question :–

    suppose I am asking the same question : – where is the plan and where are the people to answer my question? now let every body including those in the field ask the same question who will answer it?

    you see, none of us has extra time and effort given. none of us is more responsible than the other. But people are different in their moral and stage of thinking..I know young men who escape the death in deserts of Sinai yet after such experience they forgot their Eritrean friends and brothers and sisters who lost their body parts and dead and you see them in democratic nations supporting PFDJ. And I know really honest people who are able to live rich and happy for them selves but are totally for truth and they have chosen to pay their life going to the field to free their people.

    what I am saying is you should be able to answer your questions if you are really for truth – be responsible. we already told you their are people and fronts with principle and plan but if you have any different view and style come and put our own. everyone can sit in one corner and keep asking till the end of PFDJ then come out to tell us “I was asking and asking but no body answer to me”

    • Peace!

      Dearest Kokobai,

      اولا عيد مبارك
      والآتي أنا أعلم ان للمعارضين لهم خطط كثيرة ولكني لا اعلم ما هي الخطة الصحيحة التي تنفعنا وتنفع أهل بلدي
      لذلك اريد ان اعرف ما هو الصح ثم أقوم بالمساعدة ايضا يوجدون الكثيرين الذين لهم نفس الرأي القصد نفس رأي والذي استغرب منه لماذا كل ما اسأل هذا السؤال ناس تزعل مني


  • Semere Tesfai

    Selam Hayat

    I’m saddened to hear you won’t engage Solomon/tSAtSE. Your reason: “War by translator is clearly a disadvantage. I totally surrender and present myself to your almightiness. At your mercy!”

    So, let me try to engage you then. I know you were dying to engage someone on this topic, so make sure you have enough arrows in your quiver.

    The topic: your favorite NS (National Service).

    Your position: compared to Ethiopia’s might Eritrea is hopeless Nation. Therefore it should surrender to the will of Ethiopia.

    Your rational for that conclusion:

    (a). – If Eritrea called every fighting age citizen to defend itself man-to-man with Ethiopia, its young will be in its southern trenches for as long Ethiopia want them to be, and Eritrea will fail because that is unsustainable.

    (b). – If Eritrea decided to fight, it would be suicidal; as Eritrean army is no match to Ethiopia. Therefore Eritrea will lose.

    (c) – If Ethiopia really want to topple the Eritrean government, it can do so any time it want to. Nobody, I mean nobody is stooping it now and nobody could stop it in the future.

    Therefore, what is the point of having National Service in Eritrea except to punish the Eritrean people? And just to make sure I understood you right, let me quote your exact words.

    “Allow me to quote our friend Nitricc here and address the justification he raised for endless NS and address it in a much broader way. Nitricc says, “[The] main genesis for the endless national military service is, the direct outcome of Ethiopia’s refusal to accept and implement the internationally rendered border verdict.” this is one and the only explanation you hear from the regime and its supporters. I would say this is a very lame excuse to butter up a crime from the outset but there may be some innocent souls who may truly buy this reasoning, so respecting those, I will try to show the porousness of this justification popularized to enslave generations.”

    (a) Did I understood you right on the above summary?
    (b) Do you really believe, Eritrean National Service is “a lame excuse to butter up a crime” by the PFDJ regime?
    (c) Do you really believe people would believe you when you said “there is no way one can justify this NS. Because PFDJ foolishly present it to justify that doesn’t mean we can buy it. The world has rejected this lame and stupid reason long ago.”

    Let me know. I’ve few minutes to spare.

    Semere Tesfai

    • Hayat Adem

      Fair enough. Go ahead.

    • Thomas D

      Hi Semere T,

      I see you are sweating to save your XXXX. I just wanted to let you know that it is too late. They know and they will tell if you call and ask them.

  • iSem

    Hi All:
    The Gentlemen of Sahel And The Sad Case of Eritrea: Taking the Low Road to Victory
    Many an Eritrean including your truly have wondered what went wrong with the promise of the Eritrean aspirations for liberty and justice. Some Eritrean intellectuals have even written a book, borrowed the title of a book from Bernard Lewis and penned book titled, “What Went Wrong, in a futile attempt to diagnose the ills in Eritrean’s anguished desire for liberty. Last time I checked, “went” was a past tense and deciphering the past is a good learning tool, not to repeat mistakes, as it has been said, those who do not read history are doomed to repeat it. But the the same intellectuals who wrote that book to crack the past never bothered to ask “What Will go Wrong”, a future tense and that would have preempted the problems that bedevils our nations today. Forget the often quoted, future is a mystery and embrace the future and ask. what will go wrong and the present tense will provide the answers as what will go wrong and what will happen in the future. And now, I paraphrase president Kennedy and I invite my compatriots to ask not what went wrong, but to ask what will go wrong to avoid the perils of the future, because the future is there.

    The gentlemen of Sahel, those who founded and led the EPLF and who are disappeared or dead now, like their intellectual friends never asked what will go wrong, they were focused on the present, believing that what they were doing was right and what they were doing was the right thing to do, they took the high road, they favored debates, they chose their battles in good faith, they drew from their village and city days: when you fight someone and the did is done, tomorrow, you did not take revenge for the humiliation you suffered and attack your opponents from behind, because that was cowardly, unbecoming of an Eritrean. But their opponent in the Sahel was cowardly and he was the very antitheses of the Eritrean sense and sensibilities. They never bothered to ask what will go wrong given what they were doing vs. what their opponent was doing. They were idealists, optimists, looking ahead to the future without asking what the present is furnishing the future with, upbeat about the future without examining the seedlings that was planted, without proper security to the seedlings they were planting and in so doing they nipped the healthy bud and nurtured the poisonous one. A bud is about the future, and as budding revolutionaries, they forgot that they have to revolutionize their sense of sensibilities as well, their opponent did revolutionize the sense and sensibilities.

    As if that is not sad enough now we have former revolutionaries who for some regional and ethnic reasons are still hankering and huddling under the tree of that poison bud. And as if this is not sad enough, the those who still exude these ideals of the gentlemen of Sahel are still taking the high road, latching to that Eritrean sense and sensibilities that doomed the gentlemen of Sahel. The gentlemen of our epoch like the gentlemen of Sahel are so much enamoured and in love with their taking the so called “high road” as if high roads are scarce in Eritrea that they have forget the easier and less tenacious “low roads” that the existential enemy of Eritrea follows
    Ask what will go wrong 25 years from now and follow the low road the PFDJ always takes do not reinvent the wheel or import the Mandela and Ghandi, your enemy is of different DNA, be a contrarian take the low road, then mountains will move at the snap of your fingers, nature will obey you, do not take my word for it, God said it, the animals and jungle will be at your command. Tried and successful recipe.

    • Nitricc

      Semere, halow-low aside; I am impressed you post an article without mentioning “rape” and other sexual words. Wow. I must missed it! I got read your post one more time and closely. It is impossible for you to miss your favorite

      • Thomas D

        Hey Nitricc,

        At least his writing is very interesting; and we get to learn a lot from him because he comes with very new ideas. How can we learn from you other than the phrase “toothless opposition” all over your paragraph mumbo-jumbo attacking people you disagree with.

        • Nitricc

          Thomas the white man wanna be! How is your business? I hope you are doing very well. The last time around you left by throwing an absolute tantrum at the Moda and you sewer never to return. I guess the drunks gathering events that you host may not doing well; because you are here. When is the next drunks get together event? I may pay you a visit. It have been for a while since I had a drink. Chill out white man. Thomas D lol.

          • Thomas D

            Hi Nitricc,

            You should try a comedy as your career. You sound good at it:) Columbus, Ohio people are very series they cannot laugh at your silly jokes that easy. So, you better get prepared pretty good. You see Nitricc, you don’t look fool when you make fun of people. At least you know what you are talking about in this case, seriously though.

          • Nitricc

            Thomas; I hope there are better looking women that what Ihave seen the last time I was in your town:-) lol
            On serious note; in your mind and please be honest; what do you think the “”””“root cause”””” of Eritrean youth misery is? Without understanding the root cause of any problem; there is no way you can solve or remedy the problem. So, tell me what the root cause of the problem is and at the same
            time; Assume you are in power and you are responsible for the country and the people. Now, try to solve the problem. But first; tell me what the root cause of the problem is and then we go from there.
            The problem is many of you are trying to solve the problem without putting yourself in the leader’s shoes and the quandary they are in.

          • Thomas D

            Hi Nitricc- ata resi akat kem shinti gemel nidhrit kitmelseni delika? I am 100% sure you are doing this on purpose. I cannot waste a minute of my time on you!! ISem knows you very well, you just have a learning disability, really!!

      • Hayat Adem

        Yah Nitricc,
        I second Thomas. Think, for a moment, about Eritrea’s big problems and possible solutions. People who care are trying hard to do that. If you can’t contribute towards that help us by not spoiling. Don’t insult Eritreans. Don’t insult Africans. Don’t insult anyone. Being good can’t be that hard. Try it.

      • iSem

        Only small minds can be appalled by mentioning rape rather than being shocked by the perpetrators of the crime of rape as testified by many Eritreans

        • Nitricc

          Semere; I don’t know if you are that naive or simply plain stupid.You cannot underestimate the intelligence of this forum readers. NO!

          When you decided to open your filthy mouth and supported Israel while trashing the real victims; you lost every credibility. You have no moral ground to speak on behave of the oppressed. By you supporting the Israelis; you have declared your evil intention and your polluted soul. For your information; Israel commits war crimes in the form of collective punishment, disproportionate force, targeting civilians, including children and women, and other violations of the Geneva Conventions and international law.

          “During Operation Cast Lead, Israel’s military offensive against Gaza; in 2008-9, About 1,400 Palestinians were killed during Operation Cast Lead, and 80 percent of those were civilians, according to UN figures. About 300 were children. During Operation Protective Edge, more than 2,100 Palestinians were killed, including more than 500 children.”

          Semere the point is, did I hear you sympathizing with victims? no! you called them terrorists; you don’t give a flying hoot about oppressed people or justice. You are one of the worst cold blooded and calculated killed and you have no right to speak on behave of any oppressed people. So, I suggest you talk with your darling about rape.

          • iSem

            Produce a proof that I have instulted the victims, do not act the way u act in the YPFDJ meetings. I am always on their side, be it Eritreans (unlike you), Ethiopians and Palestine. truth be told , you are in the side of victims too, but the victims are not Eritreans, so u have a long way to go

          • Nitricc

            Semere; you sound like PIA; whenever you are cornered you keep saying ” where is the evidence” lol Dude, get a grip and read what you have written about the Israelis. you made them like god while trushing the oppressed people. once again you have proven beyond the shadow of doubt that you have no moral ground to speak about the oppressed people. you are a lost soul.

    • Sarah Ogbay

      Hi Isem.
      Thank you for the optimistic and encouraging comment and advice. Many of us really need it.
      However, I really disagree with the expression ‘gentlemen of Sahel’. It is unjustified and unfair to use the word, ‘gentlemen’. We just cannot hide from the fact that many of them were ‘born killers of Sahel’; ‘trained killer of Sahel’ ‘sadists of Sahel’ ‘conniving personalities of Sahel’. These are the ones who used the blood of the martyrs and the sweat of Eritreans in diaspora; the ones who abused the trust of our mothers and fathers; the ones who destroyed our children’s vision and future.
      It is for this exact reason that we are in this position. Everyone of these criminal minds was engaged in satisfying their evil craving while the master criminal was laying his plans for Eritreans. How is it that we would exonerate them from any wrong doing and call them ‘gentlemen’? Some are collaborators and some are enablers!
      Gentlemen? What gentlemen? The gentlemen of Sahel spilled their lives in the battle fields; they left the front as soon as they knew the intentions of the rotten inner core. Many were killed standing up to the evil for Eritrea! They were not even enlisted as martyrs. My heart bleeds for them.
      At this very moment I would be very careful to use the word ‘gentlemen’ for anyone from that time.

      • iSem

        HI Sarah:
        Welcome back to our lives!
        I agree with you, I did not say it well but I was referring to all the leaders and rank and file who have disappeared now and before, how y being so gentlment that they let this happen, I always asked myself how did the monster win while the gentlemen many, many of whom are the G-15 and many, many, many more have died in prison and or murdred as you ahve correctly said.
        Many gentlemen of Sahel who spilled their blood lost to the monster because of the reason I cite. Sorry for the omission, but we are in the same page, all were in the thick of it when all these was sowed and my conjecture is they lost because as gentlemen, it never occurred to them to take the low road, the road to vicory that the thugs took then then unlearning history, the G-15 took the high road, Wedi Ali took the high road, the disabled took the high road, the tegadalti took the high road,, the gentlmen of Sahel includes all these and those who perished trekking the high roads. Gentlmen of Sahel does not includes the thugs you and I know, who taking the lows roads, teh least tenatous, cheating defeated the gentlen of Sahel who took the high roads.
        thanks Sarah
        Semere Andom

      • Nitricc

        Hey Sarah; it is obvious from your response to Semere that you are not civilized person. I always thought that a little education would help in civilizing one mind but I guess I am wrong. For your information it is a very sign of civilization and sophistication for one to refer with the word “gentleman” to the other; even if the other is the worst enemy that exist. I noticed some people addressing you as a Doctor- Sarah; ,What good is your education for, then?

    • Tewelde gebremariam

      Hi iSm,

      What went wrong ?

      It is fair to say that there is no uncaused effect, and the current Eritrean social, economic and political devastation that have been unravelling since few years after independence must of necessity have causes. What then could be the causes? I will try to look for them under the following categories:

      1. The illegal disposal of Badme to woyane.
      Who did this? The impostor isaias afewerk. Why? His supporters say——-to bribe woyane into recognizing Eritrean independence. This is a monstrous lie because it implies we have to compromise with our territorial integrity of our country and craw before our piggyback—-woyane— to be granted us independence. And all this after resounding military victory? No No. The truth is we could disintegrate Ethiopia into its constituent parts had we a desire to do. woyane since it’s inception had accepted Eritrean colonial question, and if it did not, it would have been scraped like EPPRP. Woyane acquiesced to our independence out of necessity. Then the real reason behind isaias’ handing over of Badme to woyane was malicious—- to use it as a pretext for war at his opportune time. He did it 1998.

      2. Leaving the border undemarcated

      The excuse the impostor isaias afewerk alleged for living the border undemarcated was that the two people, Eritreans and tegaru , could intermingle without legal constraints. This is false. The real reason was malicious, a means of concealing the status of Badme,where he had planned to torch the war. Remember, neither the Mighty EPLFs nor the Eritrean people would have allowed the border to be demarcated leaving Badme in the hands of woyane.

      3. Woyane unprovoked border instigations

      While woyane was forcibly cleansing Badme of its Eritrean population, the displaced Eritreans pleaded with the impostor isaias afewerk to intervene on their behave; EriTv crew pleaded with him to show on TV the footage of the criminal activities of woyane etc. But all in vain. His answer ,among others, was that woyane was strategic friend and that the deed was the act of misguided militia.

      But if it were indeed the act of misguided militia, why did he send Eritrean military officers to meet them while a bilateral senior officials was discussing the issue in Addis Abeba? No No. it was preplanned to have them murdered in order to make his premeditated war looked spontaneous just in the eyes of the Eritrean people.

      Upon the murder of the Eritrean military officers by woyane soldiers, the impostor ordered the Eritrean senior officials in Addis Abeba to return to Asmera overnight and on the morrow he launched military invasion of Ethiopia. He called it self-defense but could not substantiate it to the Eritrean Ethiopian Claim Commission, who dubbed him rightly, the aggressor.

      But then, why did he leave abroad while the country was allegedly being invaded? Why didn’t he notify the UNSC as the International Law demands? And Why didn’t inform the Eritrean populaion of the situation? He did none of those.

      The reason there are more questions than answers is because the cause of the war was premeditated by the impostor and Meles to bring about the current devastations on Eritrean Defense Forces and the Eritreans people.

      4. Demolition of the powerful Intelligence Agency of the EPLFs in the wake of independence, and replacing it by armatures under Abraha Kasa.

      In view of the treacherous and untrustworthy woyane to South of our border, the move was reckless to say the least. But the impostor did it on purpose to keep genuine Eritreans from waking up to the subterranean conspiracy being undertaken between himself and Meles, of which the climax was when woyane soldiers penetrated deep into Eritrean territory and launched a devastating blow on the unwitting Eritrean Defense Forces from their rear guard at Gash-Barka.

      5. Demolishing Baito, Suspending the Constitution and Subjecting Eritrean people to Reign of Terror and Crippling the economy, the No War No Peace, the Sanction etc. were all premeditated to further extenuate the devastations his war bought on our people and country.
      Nowadays, through his parrots and hired foreign agents, he has been talking and writing of economic and social development in the country but again, he is lying because he does not have anything to show on the ground. But if he can do it now, he could have done in the past as well. The fact that he did not do when he could proves the CoIE judgement that he committed Crime Against Humanity.

      • Kokhob Selam

        Dear Tewelde,
        what have you done today ! Oh a lot to learn and discus on this.

      • iSem

        Hi Tewelde G:
        Thanks! You are filling the void felt by Sal with your analytics and with iSemesque flare -) I will write a cultural article to just put you off balance:)
        1. I agree mostly with the caveat that the imposter did it in 1981, he told the residents to comply with what TPLF wanted when they administered it starting 1981. People tell us that ELF fought TPLF for Badme until they were jointly liquidated by EPLF and TPLF. IA’s reasons were beyond appeasing TPLF for our independence, TPLF were never conflicted about our independence, even if it was Asseb or Massawa IA would have let them stay put, his goal was never Eritrean independence, it was merely a vehicle, you can glean from his avoiding the answer to the question of when he was asked in London if he wanted to be a president of one Ethiopia that included Eritrea on the wake of independence and from his comments about confederations, add to that what PLM said about IA’ s hands were tied about separation
        2. Same reason as above
        3. Who shot the first bullet is irrelevant, I believe IA started the war with all his illegal activities and undermining Ethiopia, they let it happen because they needed EPLF until they consolidated their power, even then PMZ did not want war at least in 1998, but the bulldogs in TPLF like Siye wanted it, they wanted to teach EPLF a lesson and they got their way, but PMZ was smart, he did not prolong the war, he arrested them, he defeated PFDJ and he moved on with his own terms, his 25km buffer and Eritrean land under his control. IA left abroad just before war started and for him to feign ignorance on the invasion is an insult our intelligence, just for that he deserved to be arrested, he did not perform his fiduciary, but people would tell you, he does that whenever there is some crime to be committed in Eritrea, think about it, “I was napping and I was awakened to invasion”, the supporters should be disgusted, but they have no brains that does that.
        4. I am not sure about the mighty security, it may have been better than Wedi Kassa, but the MO of that agency under Petros Solomon was not regional power to be reckoned, it was a 03, a gossip channel, so and so said such and such and then arresting them, it was mainly an arm of assassination of innocent Eritreans who disagreed with EPLF or even who abstained from supporting it. So the dismantling of the killing machine would have not made a difference, he did it to disrupt the connections, trust and network that might conspire against him. The agency is responsible for killing innocent Eritreans under the name of national interest, so I am delighted that IA dismantled and arrested most of it operatives, no love lost. Stupid like sin must be punished, many of those alliance of killers now is weeping, the children are orphaned, their wives widowed, the same suffering they inflicted on others. That security agency was overrated, it endangered Eritrea and Eritreans, it protected IA, it bolstered his career and ascent and gave us PFDJ, a group who inspiration is Cosa Nostra
        5. Implementing the const. and going ahead with the transition would have righted many wrongs but again, the drafting, the ratifying was all a show until the rug was pulled from the old guard to transfer it to the so called new blood now in charge, the gentleman was slumbering or delusional so yes, but it was not in good faith it was buying time
        Sal, are you sleeping, MS, are you in halewa because I will root analysis? So the universality of what went wrong we can find it in Sahel when the imposter was sowing his seedling of poison toying with the Eritrean sense and sensibilities, and creating a deep foundation where his “kirdad” was anchored, that is what went wrong, all the things that became apparent were just a manifestation, like a disease that. insidiously develops without showing any symptoms and when the signs are visible the doc tells you it is too late. With most of the gentlemen dead and in prison as Sarah said, with the rug pulled from under the feet of the few gentlemen, with the “new blood” who showed up from the wood work at the helm, with naïve population what went wrong was primed to bear fruit.
        And it gets even worse, people like Col Tsegu Fessahaye write a book about the other arm of that security agency, the Halewa Sawar and bore us with narrating to us their dalliances and womanizing only with perfunctory mention of the untold crimes and conspiracies that were baked in Sahel under the watch of the gentlemen of Sahel while they were busying climbing the high road while the imposter cheated them by taking the lowest road, that is what went wrong!

      • Kim Hanna

        Selam Tewelde gebremariam,
        You are regretting losing your opportunity, specific moment in time, your chance to disintegrate Ethiopia. Your 100 year “homework” so to speak. That is so sad to think you are not alone, I have heard it before.
        Recently I read an article here at Awate that advanced the argument that EU was donating aid money of 200,000 million Euros to Eritrea for a sinister motive. The Eritrean author claimed the motive was to abuse and exploit the future oil and mineral discovery potential. I thought that was bizarre thinking.
        However, since no one knows what the future holds there is a very slim chance he might be correct.
        In your case Tewelde gebremariam, you are talking about events that happened 25 years ago till now as if no one else has seen or experienced the events.
        That is not just bizarre thinking, it is crazy thinking.
        Meles, for your information was more Eritrean than Ethiopian pre 1998. All his actions of pre 1998 vis-à-vis Eritrea points to it.
        Meles, being a gifted person, realized in 1998 that he was stabbed in the back. In order to survive with his political life (and life itself) he took the bull by the horn and rode it out.
        Meles in hindsight, in my opinion, was trying to set Eritrea up in perpetuity so that you can TAX what was coming in and going out of Ethiopia as your main source of revenue. He was trying to anchor us to you. That source definitely would have been considerably bigger than the diaspora remittances and more reliable, wouldn’t you agree?
        Let me tell you another more likely explanation of what went wrong. PIA after the loss of his bold scheme including the war to milk Ethiopia for sustenance, he chose to survive by going iron fisted to control events at home. He may not have survived, if he played a normal statesman. He has to work with what he has.
        What I have said so far makes more sense than what your convenient blame game. What is imposter this imposter that mean, when we all know pre 1998 he was equated with a supernatural being that he was to most Eritreans.
        Let me tell you what went wrong in a nutshell. PIA and all who supported him completely should consider the following as the beginning of the solution.
        A. I have difficulty distinguishing friends from enemies.
        B. I hate my family and love my neighbors.
        C. I am bigger than life.
        Mr. K.H

  • Desata Tella


    ኣብዘይምልከተካ ኣይተጣቕዕ!

    ኤርትራ ንመን ትብጽሖ?



    ንውሑዳት ተጋሩ ኢትዮጵያዊያን?

    ነዚ ሕቶዚ ተቐቢልካ ቡቑዕ ዝኾነ መልሲ ስጋብ ዘይሃብካ፧ ኤርትራ ንኤርትራዊያን ወይ ኣነ ኤርትራዊ እየ ኣይትበል!
    ምኽንያቱ ኤርትራ ስለዘይትምልከተካ!

    • Kokhob Selam

      ክቡር ሓው Desata Tella,

      እዚ መልስኻ ንመን ምዃኑ ምግማት ኣየጸግምን እዩ ብርግጽ ከኣ ንG.Gebru እዩ :: ግዳ ኣብ ትሕት ንሱ ዝጸሓፎ እንተትምልስ ዝበለጸ ቦታ ምስ ሃለዎ: : ኣነ ግን ብትሕትና ክሓተካ ዝደለኹ ሕቶታት ኣሎ ::

      1:-ኢትዮጵያዊ ድዩ ኤርትራዊ ብኸመይ ትፈልጥ ?
      2:-ንስኻ ኸ ኢትዮጵያዊ ዲኻ ኤርትራዊ መን ይፈልጥ ? እቲ ዘገድሰና ርኢቶኻ ዶ ኣይኮነን?
      2:-ሓሳባት ርእቶታት ንምሃብ ናይ ግድን ድዩ ኤርትራዊ ክትከውን ?
      3:-ንሓሳባት ምብዳህ ዶ ይቀልል ወይስ ነቲ ብኣካል ዘይትፈልጦ ሰብ ?
      4:-ንምንታይ ህግደፋውያን ተጋሩ እዮም ኢልካ ክንዮ መረብ ዜግነት ትህቦም ? በየናይ መስፈርቲ ( መዐቀኒ ) ? እዚ ዓይነት ሽም ምጥባቕ ካብ ‘ቲ ንሶም ነንተቃወሞም ለይትን መዓልትን “ወያነ ” እናበሉ ዝጥምቅዎ ፍሹል መኸተ ብምንታይ ይፍለ ? ህግደፍ ኮ ኣብ ቅድሚ ሓቂ ደው ኢሎም ክምክቱ ዓቅምን ክእለትን ስለ ዘይብሎም እዮም ክም’ዚ ዓይነት ሜላ ዝጥቀሙ :- ቆልዓዊ ስልቲ ኢዩ::ንምንታይ ንስኻ ትጥቀመሉ ኣለኻ ?

      ንመልስኻ ብኣኽብሮት ይጽበ

      ሓውካ ኮኾብ

      • Berhe Y

        ዝኸበርካ ኾኸብ ሰላም፡

        ስምካ ከንብብ ከለኹ፡ አብ ኤርትራ ዝነበረ / ምናልባት እውን ስጋብ ሎሚ ይህሉ ዝብሎ፡ “ኾኸብ ሰላም ማተምያ ቤት” ዝብል የዘኻኽረኒ፡፡ እንታይ ይፍለጥ፣ ምናልባት እዉን አብኡ ዝዓበኻ ትኸውን፡፡ ኾኾብ ሰላም፡ ነቲ ውሑድ ዝረካቡ ጽሑፍ አብ ሃገርና ብምብዛሓን፡ ብምሕታምን፡ ንብዙሓት ሰባት ካብ ጸልማትን ድንቁርናን፡ ናብ ብርሃንን ፍልጠትን ዝመርሕ ቤት ማሕተም እዩ፡፡ ናይ ብሓቂ ሽም ይመርሕ፡ ጥዋፍ የብርህ፡፡

        በዛ ሕጽር ዝበለት መልእኽቲ ጌረ ከተሓላልፎ ዝደሊ ነገር እንተ ሃለወ፡ ናይ ብሓቂ ብልቦናን፡ ብሰናይ ተግባርን ዝተዓደላካ ፍልይ ዝበልካ ፍጡር ሰብ ኢኻ፡፡ ብዙሓት ሰባት አብዚ ዓለም ዘለዉ፡ ብፍላይ እካ ድአ ኤርትራውያን፡ እነትስ ብዝየ ፍላጥ፡ እንተስ ናይ ፖሎቲካ ምዕቡል ባህሊ ስለ ዘይበልና፡ እቲ አተሓሳስባናን፡ አረአያናን መብዛሓትና፡ ጻዕዳን ጸሊምን እምበር፡ ሓመኾሽቲ ዘይብሉ እዩ፡፡ ንስኻ ግን፡ በቲ ዘለካ ፍሉይ አተሓሳስባን፡ አረአእያን፡ ንአዙዩ ዝዓበያ ነገር፡ ተጽብብ፡ ንአዝዩ ዝተጋገየ፡ አብ ክንዲ ብዝዓበያ ጌጋ ገርካ ነገር ተጋፍሕ፡ ብላዛን ብትዕግስትን ጌርካ ነገር ተነአእስን ተታዓርቕን፡፡ ሳልሕ ዮኑስ፡ እካ መዘና ዘይብሉ ክኢላ እንተኾነ፡ ንስካ ድማ በቲ ላዛ ዝመልእኦ አጸሓሕፋካን፡ አባሃህላኻን መዳርግቲ ዘይብካ ኢኻ፡ ብፍላይ ድማ ግጥሚ እንተትወስኾ፡፡

        ናይ ብሓቂ ብሕህዝብካ ትሓስብን ብዕላማኻ ጽኑዕን ስለዝኾአነካ፡ ፈጣሪ እቲ ትብህጎን፡ እቲ ትሓልሞን፡ ሰላምን ፍትሓን ዲሚክራሲን አብ ሃገርና ሰፊኑ ክትርኢ በዓል ብዙሕ ተስፋ እየ፡፡

        ሓደ ነገር ክበላካ ዝደሊ፡ ዋላውን ክትሓስቦ ዝምሕጸነካ፡ ንስኻ ከምዞም መብዛሕትና ዘይኮንካስ፡ ብሓቂ አርሒቅካ ትሓስብ፡ ነዚ ሕጂ ዘሎ መንእሰይ ወሪዱዎ ዘሎ ሽግር ጥራሓ ዘይኮነስ፡ ንመጻኢ ወለዶ፡ ብሰላምን ብቅሳነትን ዝነብረላ ሃገር፡ ምስ ነበሳን ምሰ ጎረጋብታን ብሰላም እትነብር ከምዝኾነ ዘጠራጥር አይኮነን፡፡

        ከምቲ ንስኻውን ትርእዮኡን ትዕዘቦን፡ እቲ ቀንዲ አብ ሃገርና ወሪድ ዘሎ ጸገም፡ አብ ሃገርና አንዊሑ ዝሓስብ መራሕ ሰለ ዘይተዓደለት እዩ፡፡ መጀመርያ ተላ ባይሩ፡ ቀጺሉ ድማ፡ ኢሳያስ አፈወርቂ፡ መራሕቲ ብምርካና እዩ እዚ ኩሉ ጸገም ንዝሓለፈ 60 ዓመት ህዝብና ረኺቡ ዘሎ፡፡

        ግን ከማኻ ዝበሉ መራሓቲ ረኺቢና እንተ ንኸውን፡ እዚ ኩል ጸገም አይምወረደናን ነይሩ፡፡ ዘይነብሩ እውን አይኮኑን፡ ሕጂ እውን አለኡ እዮም፡፡ ብሕጽር ዝብለ፡ ክሓተካ ደልየ ዘለኹስ፡ በጃኻ እንዶ ነዚ ህዝብኻ መሪሕካ (ከምቲ ጽቡቅ ሽማካ) ካብ ባርነትን ጸልማትን ናይ ናጽነትን ብርሃንን አሰጋግሮ፡፡

        ሓውኻ በርሀ

        • Kokhob Selam

          ክቡር በርሀ

          ትሕሾ ትሖሾ :-ንሕናስ ክንደይ ዲና ተማሂርና ካብቲ ሚዛን ዝሓለወ ጽሑፋትካ ! ህልውና ናትካን መሰልትኻን እንድኣሉ ንዓይ ብሩህ ኣእምሮ ክህልወኒ ዝገብር : ክብረት ይሃብካ ዝሓወይ::

          ኣነ ግን ካብ ኣንደበተይ ዝወጹ ቃላት በቲ ሕልናይ ዝተገዝኡን ኣብ ኣውንታዊ (እውንታዊ) ጥቅሚ ክውዕሉን እየ ጽዒተ እምበር ነቲ ንስኻ እትብሎ ደረጃ ልዕሊ ሰበይ ይበጽሖ እየ ኢለ ኣይግምትን እየ:: ኮይኑ ግን እቲ ሰብ ዘይኮነ ቀንዲ ዘገድስ እቲ ሰብ ዝውንኖ መትከልን ዕላማን እዩ :- ሰብ ሓላፊ ብምዃኑ እቲ ቅኑዕን ሓቅን ኢልና እንኣምነሉ መርገጽ ንኽቅጽልን ኣብ ተግባር ንሰላምን ራሕዋን ዕብየትን ሓልዮትን ውዒሉ ከገልግል ኩሉና ኢደይ እድካ ክንብል ኣለና ይብል ::

          ገለ ዕላል በዚ ኣጋጣሚ:-
          ድሕሪ ነታ ወርቃዊት ሕጊ ደቂ ሰባት ዝኾነት “ነቲ ኣብ ልዕሊኻ ክወርድ ዘይትደልዮ ጸገም ናብ ካልኦት ኣይተውርዶ ” ወይ ውን” ነቲ ንስኻ ክትረኽቦ እትደሊ ጽቡቕ ናብ ካልኦት ውን ሰናይ ተመነን ፈጽምን” እትብል ብሂል ኣብ ኩለን ሃይማኖታትን ባህልታትን ብዓለም ለኽ ዝእመነላ ሕጊ :- ኣብ ውሽጥና ብዕምቀት ምእታዋ ናብ ካልኣይ ደረጃ ዝኾነ ርቀት ዝመለኦ ” ዕጫ ኩልና ዝተተሓሓዘ ” ምዃኑ ክንፈልጥ የዘኻኽር :: መርበብ ዘይንሪኦ መንፈሳዊ ዓለም ክንፈልጥን ንሕና ውጽኢት ሓሳብ ምዃና ክንርዳእን ይግበኣና ይብል :- ባሕርይ ኣብ መዘክር እተቀምጦ ተግባራትና መሊሳ መላሊሳ ዋጋ ከምተኽፍለናን ክንርዳእን ከምዘለና ሕድሪ ይብል:: እቲ ዝለዓለ ፍትው ስጉምቲ ድማ ነቲ ብትሑት ኣተሓሳስባ ተሞቂሕናሉ ዘለና ሰንሰለት ክንበትኽ ምኽኣል እዩ ::

          እመነኒ ኣነ ቃንዛ ኩርምቲ ውን ክስዕረሉ ዝኽእል መሰኣርሒየይ ካብ ግዜን ቦታን ናይ ምህዳም ሜላ ስለ ዘጥረኹ እዩ : እቲ ምንታይ ሲ ቃንዛ ህልዊ ኮይኑ ኣይፍልጥን እዩ:: ቃንዛ ሕሉፍ እዩ ::ኣብ ህልው ክትነብር እንተኽኢልካ ኸኣ ንቃንዛ ኣሸኒፍካ ኣለኻ ማለት እዩ :: ሕጂ -ሕጂ -ሕጂ ድማ እዩ እቲ ጉዕዞ :: ሕሉፍ ካብ ምህሮን ተሞክሮን ምዃን ንላዕሊ ካልእ ዓቅሚ የብሉን: ስለዚ ድማ እዩ ይቅረን ዕርቅን ኣብ ዛ ሃገርና ዘድሊ – እቲ ምንታይ ሲ ሕሉፍ ሕሉፍ ምዃኑ እዩ ሕሉፍ ዘብሎ:: ቃንዛ ኩርምቲ ውጽኢት ጉጉይ ኣተሓሕዛን ዘይምክንኻንን ምዃኑ እንተ ኣሚንካን ካብ ጌጋኻ እንተተማሂርካን ጥራይ ኢኻ ክትከናኸኖ እትኽእል :ግን ጌጋኻ እንተዘይተቀብልካ ዳግማይ ክትጋገ ግድን እዩ- ብጌጋ ንዘይምእማን ጌጋ ምውሳኽ ሕጊ ባህርይ ዘይምፍላጥን ድንቁርናን እዩ :: ግዳ ኸኣ ጣዕሳ ውን ፍታሕ ኣይኮነን – ናብ ነብሰ ቅትለት ስለ ዝመርሕ – ዓለም ቤት ትምህርቲ እያ ብኢደ ውነንካ ካብ ቤት ትምህርቲ ምህዳም ፍቁድ ኣይኮነን:- ካብ ዑደት ዳግመ ስቃይ ንምድሓን ህይወትካን ህይወት ደቂ ሰባትን ምጥፋእ መፍትሒ ኮይኑ ብባህርይ ኣይተቀመረን ::


          • Amanuel Hidrat


            No need to debate on it at this moment, but according medical study “pain” is a perception in the mind. Did you ever heard some endure pain and some don’t? That has to do on the perception of individuals in their mind.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Yes Sir,

            we are not going to debate on that at this moment. It was on the way I pick and move. See, we are not the body nor we are the mind which also part of the body. that is all the vehicle to go from to. Although the brain we own is a machine that lead us to higher self we mostly use it working under ego beside being busy with our body in dealing in this material world- we are too busy in self expansion- the mind then has the control system, the information system etc.

            the pain say it physical or other forms is not actually in now. Although you can train your mind to challenge pain, but you will still get another replacement pain because mind works in space and time. to escape this it is not the mind that supports but should work as slave to your soul. your understanding of soul –that it is not your body and by letting the thought and thinker in one to concentrate in very now you will let the pain go without suffering.

            you are more than your body,your knowledge,your tendency everything we name or label – all are only coats for this one life to experience, learn and act.

          • Nitricc

            Hey Aman, you said “according medical study “pain” is a perception in the mind.” not so fast! according to the military ” pain is nothing but a weakness leaving the body” Not to debate you but I tend to believe the military definition of pain.

    • G. Gebru

      ዝከበርካ ደስታ ሰላም።
      አብ ኤርትራ ኤርትራውያንዲናስ ወይስ ተአዘብትነረ ርእይቶወሃብትን ክንርድኦዘሎና ከበሳውያነ ክርስትያንን ጀበርትን ዋና መትፋእቲ ሀገር ምካኖም ክንርድኦን ክንፈልቶን አሎና። እቲካለእ ክፋል ኤራትራዊ ግን ዋላካ ሽግርአይገትሞን ኔሩ እንተዘይበልና ንሱውን እንተኮነ በቲ ጊዜእቲ ዝነበረ ናይአካባብን አለምለካውን ጂኦፖለቲክስ ዝተፀልወ ኢዪ ኔሩ። ካብቲ ከበሳዊ ክፋልግን ሚእቲ ካብሚእቲ ይሀይሽኔሩ ስለምንታይ አቅሙን ኩነታቱን እንዳአመዛዘነ ይንቀሳቀስ ስለዝነበረ ብመተኑውን ሾትኡ ወቂኡክብሃል ይከአል ስለመንታይ እዛንርእያዘሎና አይሙውቲ አይስርርቲ ኤርትራ ንምርአይ አበቂእና። አብዚክትርድአኒ ዝደልየካ አነ አብአቃም (principle) እየዝዛረብ ዘለኩ።

      • Kokhob Selam

        ክቡር G.Gebru

        እዋይ ጌጋ ! ኣንታ ክቡር ሓው ሓሲብና መርትዖታት ሒዝና ዘይንዛረብ? እዚ ንምሉእ ብሄረ ሰብ ምኹናን ሲ እንታይ ኣምጽኦ -ኣይፋልካን ተዓረ ::

        • G. Gebru

          ክቡር ሀው ኮከብ ሰላማት ሀቂንዘይትመሮ እሩይ ኢየ።

          • Kokhob Selam

            ኣንታ ሓወይ
            እሞ እቲ ጸገም ኤርትራስ “ደቂ ከበሳ ዝፈጠርዎ እዩ” ዲኻ ትብለና ዘለኻ ? እስከ በል ቅረብ መርትዖታት ሒዝካ!

          • G. Gebru

            ክቡር ኮከብ እንታይ ተረዲእካ ኢካ ደአ ትምልሰለይ ዘሎካ።
            መርቶኦይ ግን እንዳሰምኤ ምስዝፀምምን እንዳፈለተ ምስዝዱንቁርን ተረቲኤ ምባል ትራይ ኢዪ።
            በዛአባ ትግርኛይ ከአ አምቴ እየ ስለዚ አይተስተዋህዶ።

          • Kokhob Selam

            ክቡር G.Gebru,

            ጽቡቕ ሕቶ :: ኣነ ድኣ ክንደይ ተጻጊመ :- ንነብስ ወከፍ ቃል ካብ ቃል እናነጸልኩ – ድሓር ነቲ ቃል ሒዝዎ ዘሎ ፊደላት እናተካእኩን እናተርጎምኩን ድሕሪ ምርዳእ : – እዋእ ከም’ዚ ዝብል ሰብ እምበር ዶ ንኤርትራ ህዝባን ይፈልጦም እዩ – ብምባልል ተገሪመ :: ምናባት ዶ ኾን ኣነ ኣብ ኣተራጓግማ ተጋገየ ብምባል ደማ መሊሰ መላሊሰ ሰራሕኩ ::

            እምበኣር ” ኣምቴ ” ኢኻ ? ኣምቸ ማለት ድዩ ? ወይ ዝሓወይ ቅድሚኻ ይድፈኣኒ : እዚ እንተዝፈልጥ ድኣ መዓስ ምስ ኣጨነቕኩልካ :: ኣንታ እቲ ቀደም ሲ ወለድና ካብ ኤርትራ ወጻእ እንድሕር ኣዕብዮምና ትግርኛ የምህሩና እዮም ዝነበሩ – በል ቛንቛን ባህልን ታሪኽን ሃገርካ ሀ ሁ እልካ ጀምሮ ::

            ኣብ ዘመነ ቃልሲ ተጋደልትና ካብ ሓደ ውሱን ብሄር ኣይነበሩን : ኣብ ሓንቲ ጋንታ ካብ ኩለን ብሄራትን ብሄረሰባትን :- ኩልን ሃይማኖታትን :- ክልቲኡ ጾታ : -ካብ ኩሎም ደርብታትን:- ምሁራትን መሃይማትን :- ደቂ ኣንድነትን :- ደቂ ኩለን ሰልፍታት ነበርን :- ኮታ ኩሉ ዝንባሌታትን ዝሓቆፈ ኣብ ዓልም ተመሳሳሊ ዘይርከቦ ሕብረ ብዙሕ ቃልሲ እዩ ተኻየዱ ዝሓወይ ::

            ስለዚ እቲ ኣብ ሞንጎ ውድባት ዝነበረ ፍልልያት ትርጉም ዘይብሉ ናይ ውሑዳት ኣደናጊሮም ሰብ ዝፈላለይሉ ድኣ እምበር ተጻራርን ናይ ሕብረተሰብና ኣሰር ጎንጺ ዘይብሉን እዩ ዝነበረ :: እዛ ምጭውቲ ሃገርካ ኣዝዩ ምዕሩግ ክቡር ህዝቢ እዩ ዘለዋ : ክቡር ሃብታም ባህላን ኣብ ከስዐኣ ዝሓቆፈቶ ሃብትን ክትፈልጦ ግቡእካ እዩ :: እዚ ግዝያዊ ጸገም ኣይዳህልልካ ! ኣብ ገዛእ ሃገርካ ጋሻ ኣይትኹን ! ሃገርካን ህዝብኻን ዘናሽው ቅንኣት ዝወሓጦም ውልቀ ሰባትን ናይ ፖሎቲካ መቅዋመርትን ከይታሉሉኻ ግርም ኣስተብህል ዝሓወይ ::

          • G. Gebru

            ክቡር ሃው ኮከብ ዘይፈልቶ ነገር ከምዘይመአድካኒ ከራጋግፀልካ እፈቱ። በቲ ሀቦካን ልዙብ ዝኮነ አንደበትካን ግን ምስጋናይን አድናቆተይን ከይገለፅኩልካ ክሀልፍ አይደለን።ኩሉእቲ ልዙብ ሀሳባትካን ዘራዳድእ መርገፅካን ዝነአድን ዝድነቅን እካ እንተኮነ አብእዝኒ እቲ ብትእቢትን ትምክህትን ዝተመልኤን ብህሉፍ ፍፅሞታት ዝህበን አቢ ክፋል ህዝብና የአቱየሎን። ስለምንታይ እንተተባህለ እዚህጂ ንርእዮ ዘሎና አብትራይ ከብዱ ከበሮ ዝሃርምን ዝድብልን ዝስእስእን በቲሀደወገን ብህዝንታ ትቁነንን ተህነንን ወላዲትን ሀፍትን ሰበይትን ኢና ንእዘብ ዘሎና። እቲ ንልቢ ዝሰብር ስለ ስውአት ተቅርቦ ግትምታትካ እውን ሰማኢ ዝረክብ ዘሎ አይመስልን።
            አብመጨረሻ ዝብሎ ነገር ግን እቲ ኩሉ ዘይሰአኖ ፈታሪ ይቅር ይበለናን ይተአረቀናን አብቲ ዝኮነና የውድቀና ኢዩ። ምናልባት እቶም ብቅልፅምና በሀልቲ ከይቅየሙንን ከይዘልፉንን አቀዲመ እቅርታ እቅርታ እንዳሀተትኩ መፃኢና ብህጊ ኩኮነልና ትምኒተይን ፀሎተይን ኢዩ። የኛ ፀሎተኛ እንዳትሉኝ ብታ (ቢጨሃለ)።
            Thanks Kokobe.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear G.Gebru

            ክቡር ሓው :-
            እቲ ኣዚኻ እተተኩረሉ ጥራይ ኢኻ ክትርኢ እትኽእል – ግን እቲ ካልእ ሸነኽ ንምጥማት ተስፋ ከይቆረጽካ ቁሊሕ ቁሊሕ በል : – በጀካ ‘ቶም ዝጀሃሩን ጥራይ ከብዶም ከበሮ ዝጽስቁን :- ካለኦት ድማ ኣለው :: ቀደም ውሑዳት ዝነበሩን ሕጂ ግን ከም ሺሾ ዝፈልሑን ዘለው ርግእ እንተኢልካን ብንቅሓት እንተ ኣስተብሂልካን :- ኣበይ ድኣ ተሓቢኡኒ ነይሩ ክትብል ኢኻ ::

            ወንድምየ “መሰንበት ደጉ ” ብዙ ነገር ኣይተናል : – መከራችንን በልተናል :- እንድያው ወደ ኃላ መለስ ብየ ሳስታውስ ጉዳዮች ብጣም ተስፋ የምያስቆርጡ ነበሩ : ዛሬ ዛሬ ማ ሰፊው ህዝብ ነቅቶ የለ እንዴ ! ለማነኛውም እስኪ ኣትለየን – ሁሌ ድምጽህን ኣሰማን – ኣይዞህ ምናልባት ብዙ ያላየሃቸው የተደበቁብህ ነገሮች ሳይኖሩ ኣይቀሩም እና ልብ በል ::

  • Desata Tella



    ቀንዲ ጭርሖ ኤርትራዊያን ካብ 50 ታት ጀሚሩ ስጋብ ሕጂ “ኤርትራ ንኤርትራዊያን” ምኻኑ!

    “ኤርትራ ናይ ኤርትራዊያን ድያ?”


    ናይ ዉሑዳት ተጋሩ ህግደፋዊያን እያ?

    ኣነ በወገነይ ነዚ ቀሪቡ ዘሎ ሕቶ መልሰይ ንጹር ዝገበርኩ ይመስለኒ! እዚ ሕቶዚ “ንኹሉ ኤርትራዊ ዜጋ” ዝምልከትን መልሲ ክርከበሉ ዘለዎን “ሃገር” ናይ መን ሙኻና ተፈሊጡ ብዕቱብ ክንስርሓሉ ሓላፍነትና እዩ!

    ንመልሱ ዝምልከት ካባኹም!

    • G. Gebru

      ሰላም ደስታ ተላ፣
      ዋላ እቶም አብ አርብአታትን ሀምሳታትን ኤሪትራ ንኤሪትራውያን እንዳበሉ ጨሪሆም ንህዝቢ ኤርትራ ናብዚ ደልሃመት ዘእትውዎ እውን እንተኮኑ ከምዞም ህጂዘለው ጎበጨረታትን ካብትግራይ ብዝተፋላለየ ምክንያት አብ ኤርትራ መፂኦም ዝሀከሉን ኢዪ ኔሪ።

  • said

    Greeting and EId Moubark

    The present Eritrea state is failed state. let’s just talk about the proximate rather than the ultimate causes of the failed state, that is causing Greater havocs and Depression. the nature of the State, in general, and then something called the IA State, in particular. Fortunately, for those who benefit from the status quo, and members of something called the IA cohort of the failed State. The State is an powerful network that controls nearly everything around you. the public have no say what so ever or input who the state is run. The fact speaks for it self, State is not hidden, but it’s only hidden in plain sight for those who are blind. And it is the source of every evil and negative thing that is be happening right now and in the past. they’re all caused directly and indirectly by the State, through its failed management of the state and on going no peace or war. IA State itself is criminal, poisonous, evil, fraud, monstrous swindler and scam and intrinsically destructive to every thing that good Eritrea value I knew. I know many Eritrean who still idealizes IA, love, fear sanitizes, and legitimizes his regime.
    IA intrinsically evil and destructive nature and his hand made state institution, which is based on brute force. IA as student of Chair man Mao. As Mao once said, political power comes out of the barrel of a gun. But today Eritrea situation have deteriorated badly and things have gone far beyond that. We’re now in the complete failed State. Like advance stage of cancer, a metastasized cancer, it can no longer be easily eradicated or can be cured.
    The IA State has a life of its own, like the government itself. It’s composed of top-Echelon of two dozen …top generals, admirals, and others securities and military apparats. It also includes all the top people in the state and all of whom are heavily involved in serving IA and held together by brute power, prestige, money, and all in line in accepting of full of lies and propaganda. All serving to the failed State and in enabling it to go down the clef Altogether, I’ll guess these people number Less than few hundreds, are the top pack dogs.
    But there are thousand or more who aren’t at the nexus but dream to be at top pack of dogs. they have considerable power clout, and intimidate our people and support the failed State because it supports them to earn their living. you even call them the running dogs in street of Asmara. The Ear and eyes of regime. The vast majority like the 90%-plus of Eritreans who are not benefiting nor are net recipients of benefits from the failed State and this millions of average Eritreans who are just barely surviving and getting by with pride and dignity trashed.
    You might call this level of people, many of our population, demoralized and depressed and whipped by top pack of dogs. They both adore, idealize love, respect and fear their psychopath master IA, they’ll obey and do as they’re told, and they’ll roll over on their backs and wet themselves if confronted by a pack top dog or lose canning running dog who feels they’re out of line of NUS master teaching. These three types of dogs make up the some of tiny minority of the Eritrean population. Many I trust aren’t among them. Many consider themselves as a pack of Lone Wolfs in this example of simple context and hope we are, too. Unfortunately, however, Asmara vicious dogs well trained are enemies of wolves, and tend to hunt them down.
    IA is destructive, but it’s many for the people in it. And, like any kind of living organism, its main objective and goals and is simply prime directive is Survive! It survives by indoctrinating the NUS master teaching of full of lies and propaganda and fiction that it’s totally an necessary. However, it’s those parasites that promotes the ridiculous and failed notion that pack of doges can live at the expense of society. They are bunch of power-hungry miscreants bent absolutely and trashing and on running everyone’s lives. But, on the other hand, the top pack dogs all know each other so well, went to the same of NUS School, belong to the same Almanah

  • G. Gebru

    ርሁስ በአል ኢድአልፈትር ብሃበራ።

  • haileTG

    Selamat Awatista,

    Undoubtedly, the NS that was conceived to serve as a backbone of the current regime’s grip on power is threatening to prove its worst nightmare. It has become unjustifiable, indefensible and unmanageable. Resulting in colossal human, economic, diplomatic and legal disasters. As being witnessed at the moment, its ramifications has also served to severely isolate the regime and its supporters from the the population at large.

    The existing status quo, thus must allow to a strategic re-thinking of both the course and the language adopted by the voices of dissension. The colloquial “Justice Seeker” vs. “Change Seeker” ought to be carefully chosen from. Deep inside these terms are buried the ideological divides of “Reform” vs. “Radical” transformation of the the status quo. By definition, a “justice seeker” validates the legitimacy of the entity that is supposed to dispense it. Whereas the “Change seeker” rejects the existing authority as illegitimate and demands a new order. The justice seeker has advanced its case to the current levels, this needs to be matched by the change seeker. Both the justice seeker and change seeker are tactical allies in defining the future. I tend to think that this important distinction is blurred in the way the labels are used and abused. What are your takes?


    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear haile TG,
      I am certain someone will come with his view and we may all continue discussing on your say above. as for me Justice Seekers are supposed to be change seekers as well . Yet there might be or come from the same PFDJ camp but who will not agree to expose PFDJ’s long cruel history – in here we may experience as 3rd camp. By the way we had people with the same category like those who were leaders in PFDJ but abandoned it and today they are in change seekers camp by majority in the camp with an Idea PFDJ leadership should be brought for justice. those who want change but who don’t want justice are in trouble and will continue saying “ሳግላ ብላዕ ኣይትቕላዕ”,

      see it was in the same day July 2013 I send my massage in poem form and after 3 years I found it to be still valid. reading carefully the content I am sure you will enjoy it.

      Hey, Berhe Y, are there ? come please with your view of the poem bellow.

      ….“ሳግላ ብላዕ ኣይትቕላዕ”?????…

      ምስላ ምስትቀርብ ቦታኣ ወኪላ:-
      ክብሪ ኣቦታትና ምህሮታት ሓዚላ:-
      ምስ ተረኽቦ ክስተት ግርም ተማእኪላ:-
      ሽዑ እያ ትምዕርግ ባህሊ ዘምሕረላ::

      ‘ምበር ምሕበኢ ኮይና ናይ ሓሶት ካባ:-
      እንተ ኣትያ ኣብ ሞንጎ ገበናት ጎልቢባ:-
      ንግዚ ‘ኳ እንተመሰለት ዘረባ- ምስላ እንዳባ:-
      ውዒላ ሓዲራ ኣይተርፋን ምጥፈኣ- ምሽራባ:-

      “ሳግላ ብላዕ ኣይትቕላዕ” በለ “
      ሓንሳብን ደጋፊ ሓንሳብ እንዳበደለ:-
      መኻሪ ክመስል ኣታዓራቒ ጨለ:-
      ሚስጥር ሰውራ ከይቅላዕ እንዳተኸላኸለ::

      ኣይፋል ወገን:-
      ኣጽረይ እየ ዝበልዖ ሳግላ ቀላሊዐ:-
      ‘ምበር ነየቁስል ምዐንጣ ምስ ኣምዐ:-
      ሓሰኻ ነይመልኦ ጨጓራ ምስ ከስዐ:-
      ጥምየት ነይቀትል ይትረፍ ከይተበልዐ::

      ሳግላ ከይቀላዕካ ብላዕ ዝበለ ኣገዳዲ:-
      ኣብ ዕግርግር ኣትዩ ክመስል ኣባዲ:-
      ሕሰብ በልው ከይንጸግ ከይነዲ:-
      መሰረታዊ ለውጢ እዩ ዘድሊያ ‘ ዛ ዓዲ::
      ኮኾብ ሰላም

      • Berhe Y

        Dear Kokeb,

        Thank you for giving me the opportunity to comment on your wonderful poam.

        I think it’s wonderful like all others you have wrote before. It really amazes me how fast and how soon you can write so much (I know this is from 2013).

        Dr. Haile use to write almost 1 poam everyday, specially in last few years, and with collaboration of Asmarino, he delivered them beautifully. One of my favorite was SheyTan in reference to the dictator I think, I am sure Semere A. can recite from memory (he has photographic memory).

        So what I suggesting is, perhaps if you can find a medium to deliver it to the wide audience I think you will make a lot of difference.


      • haileTG

        Hello Everyone,

        Thank you for taking up this issue. I will respond here so everyone can also check out KS’ poem:) Thanks KS. If I may, I will group iSem, Hayat’s, Horizon’s and KS’ input in one, Tsatse can have his own group:) and I will attempt to address T.G’s questions within the context of the debate at hand (although Aman and T.G. are also bringing in an interesting dimension to it).

        So in as far as the first group goes, the key position is that both JS and CS are interchangeable, one is the vehicle to the other and either way we look at it would mean the same thing. I would like to bring in a case point from the ongoing COIE saga for the regime. According to the COI, it is a body set up to deliver justice to the Eritrean people. Hence, it approached those directly or indirectly affected in order to compile a snapshot analysis of the HR situation in Eritrea. However, the casual linking of JS with CS as one and the same has given a leeway for the Eritrean regime to contend procedural bias. The Eritrean regime refused to acknowledge that those interviewed were first hand victims or relatives and close one’s of those who did. Instead, it played the JS=CS card. What this means is that by working with change seekers, the regime contends, the COIE had undermined impartiality of the process. In other words, the CS would logically be bent to undermine the regime and hence its narrative may not be fully detached from political aims and goals. So, the regime would happily agree to JS as being CS because it would not want to face the real JS, I.e. the son of Mahmud Sherifo or the daughters of Petros Solomon and many others. These are not people seeking “regime change” rather ordinary citizens forced to live a life none of us would wish to go through (and of course many do). This situation created confusion, leading for some media to lend credence to the doubt. So, instead of framing the concept of JS in a unique and local way as it is understood in Eritrea, we need to go further and look into ways of choosing a more “standard” approach that can be understood by the world at large.

        The CS demands one of the following two cases:

        1 – Regardless of what it does or doesn’t, the leadership of the GoE is not legitimate and must go

        2 – Regardless of what it does or doesn’t, both the Government and Leadership of Eritrea is not legitimate and must go

        Now, looking at T.G’s questions, the 1997 constitution had been debated here and if I remember correctly, opinion is divided. There are sections who advocate for it as a starting point that can be amended along the way and others who view it as a dangerous construct that would leave social groups at a disadvantage. I don’t agree with a need to self determination upto and including secession, however the fractious political climate among the ranks of CS is primarily responsible for the sharp polarization that we see today. The contraction and expansion of the Eritrean center base is indirectly proportional to the degree of belligerence we adopt in forcing things through. The less belligerence the more expanded the base, i.e. tolerance and empathy of other’s situation would be what is sought here. The more belligerence on the other hand would contract the center into enclaves of like minded ideologies.

        JS doesn’t have to contend with much of the above. Whereas CS has much work to do to get the struggle to its ultimate conclusion.

        I am sure I have left many unanswered questions. Please bounce them back and I will do my best to reply soon as I can.


        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Dear Hailat,

          Good reading on the division of opinions in this forum. And you are right JS is part of CS or call it a subset of CS, as CS is a comprehensive struggle that tackles against the system that existed. Because the dictator can not exist without the system which is place. We can not separate the individuals from the party and the party from the system. Because neither of each could stand by itself. So far I could only see eye to eye with you on this particular subject. Keep up, if I feel to chip in on it, I will do.

          Amanuel Hidrat

        • Berhe Y

          Dear HTG,

          Thank you for bringing this issue. Like the others I believe there is no distinction which group one belongs to as justice is blind and it is only one so it should affect / support by all. The Eritrean regime if it’s genuine in its argument, it would have taken those political prisoners to an open court where they have the right to defend themselves ( we are dealing in our own way, as some have already rumered have died while in custerdy is not going to cut it). And no CS has twisted the government to do that, so it can only blame it self if that’s the case, and those who sympathize not because they believe the government but because of other motives that does not go in line with true justice. The question should be asked, who ever has doubt, are there Eritrean victims? How do they go around getting justice in their country? So long as this is not possible (to use Mike Smith words) they have the right to use all avenue they have available where the UN HRC is one of them.

          As to the CS, what else to advocate other than regime change, because the regime is not accountable to anybody and it doesn’t follow the norms like any other government. So I think they are right in asking to have a government rules by the rule of low and again so long has we have no such government (it’s welcome to change its ways and implement the constitution / free press etc) then the only thing they should ask is to have it removed / changed. And I don’t think we need to change our principle to get support from those who sympathize with the regime, and we should held them accountable for supporting a regime despite all the evidence presented to them (like the US, Norway or the UK) and let them try to convince the government to change its ways.

          But I think we need to work on a framework that’s is common to all of us, those who seek radical or reform change. In order to do that I think it will help if we get out of our specific Eritrean case and see what’s universally accepted ways of doing thing through out the world. For example the issue of equal representation, national language, land distribution and ownership, religious freedom, etc are all universal issue for all people in all parts of the world. There is nothing unique to Eritrean, may be because we only have one government that we can refer to, but they are universal and as such we should look at solutions that have worked and try to frame it to our own needs.

          For example we all agree that be it people for reform or radical change there is a dictator ship in our country. If someone does not agree to this, there is no point to argue and we should not worry about such individuals or groups. So the question becomes then what’s the common ways (based on universal accepted norms) that we have that address and unite everyone. I think if we say our struggle is to change from dictator ship to democracy (to borrow from Gene Sharp) then I think that would be binding for everyone.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Berhe,

            Radical change does not have any meaning other than changing the regime ‘s system that is currently in place. And, you and me, as far as we believe in the removal of the regime, whether we like the term “radical ” or not, it is radical change or findamental change. Changing from an authoritarian regime to a democratic regime is radical change as they are opposite to each other. Why are we irritated by the term radical while we are doing or fighting for a change that is opposite to the existing regime. Don ‘t you think so?

            Amanuel Hidrat

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Amanuel,

            While I agree with you that, it’s correct when we change from dictatorship to democracy is radical but I think the language does have weight. So for example, if a reporter asks someone during the demonstration in Geneva, “what’s your demand? and if the person responds, “our demand is that we want change from a dictatorship to democratic government” or someone says “we want radical change”. If a follow up question comes, what’s “radical change means”, it could mean a lot o things, change / reforming the system, armed struggle, peaceful resistance etc…but some we say “Democratic government, I think it’s understood by everyone” what it means and there is no follow up question.

            Using such language does not mean, that it will change what’s on the ground..I mean if someone wants to go ahead and fight the regime using arms, who is going to stop it. If some other group wants to have a coup and change the regime, who is going to stop it. And if some other group wants to use peaceful resistance like Egypt style and who is going to stop it. But all change needs to have a destination, which ever way we go and that needs to lead to a “Democratic government”. So instead of us arguing, let’s do this method and let’s use that method, at least in principle and language we agree that we need democratic government and how we get there, is the path that has the most popular supports will get there. Again it doesn’t mean each path will not cross, or merge or align in the end (as seems to be the case in Geneva demonstrations) but the path that started already needs to continue.

            It’s wrong to assume the Eritrean army is not capable of bringing change, Wedi Ali tried and he was close, It’s wrong to assume that the Eritrean government politicians are not capable of bringing changes, the G-15 tried, even though they didn’t succeed, but the exposed the regime to the bone for what it is. It’s wrong to assume the students are not capable of bring changes, the Asmara university students tried but they were crashed, and they in the process showed what the system is, it’s wrong to assume the veteran tegadalti are not capable of bringing change, they tried and they were shot dead, etc. It’s wrong to assume the diaspora activities in capable of bringing change, they have tried and they brought the case all the way to Geneva and they exposed the regime to the bone and almost succeed in bringing to the International Criminal Court..It’s wrong to assume the Eritrean opposition group are in capable of bringing change, they have been doing that since Eritrean independence and they have managed to have people to finally listen to them and even got lots of support…..

            Like they say “all roads lead to Rome” and true to this all our activities will lead to democracy ….


          • haileTG

            Selamat Berhe,

            I certainly agree with your approach of looking outwardly to learn from the experience of others when formulating a viable and vibrant CS. I would like to discuss certain aspects of the status quo as it relates to the Eritrean CS though. The current situation appears to be at loggerheads in as far as forging a unifying and powerful CS to effect the change. If the level of support commanded by the JS was to be replicated into support for one powerful CS spearheading organization, the regime would have long gone by now. The problem is however, we all agree on the injustices and hence the support for the JS but seem to be mired in an intractable divisions when coming together to support one national CS program.

            Now let’s re-focus on the distinction of wanting the leadership of the GoE to change vs. wanting BOTH the leadership AND the government to change. For some the first option is a safer approach, whereas the latter is likened to opening a can of worms. There are citizens with various types of historical grievances (ranging from language, land, return of refugees, legitimacy of the constitution 97, autonomy, federalism, separation, ethnic, sectarian…). Most proponents of addressing those grievances are pro-radical change. On the other hand, many other citizens look at the current and emergent problems as solely driven by repression and mismanagement with all its attendant ills across the board. Those citizens put the blame squarely on the doors of the current LEADERSHIP of the GoE (IA co.). The propose the removal of the leadership and replacing it one that is accountable to a constitution, committed to pluralism and multiparty elections and beefing up and strengthening the existing civil and defense institutions of the GoE. We need to be clear that whether PFDJ refuses to acknowledge it or not, the body structure of the government and the leadership layer are two entities. Hence, the reformist proposes that we remove the leadership and inherit and build upon the existing institutions. However, these institutions are not made to respond or address the demands in the radical camp. For example, the radical perceives the existing institutions as part and parcel of the leadership/regime hence must be cleansed off to give way to a new set up from scratch. The new set up will have to be a negotiated settlement of all outstanding issues.

            Such fractious and uniquely attributive status quo has proven a logjam to moving forward with rallying the masses behind a strong change seeking community the works in tandem. Ultimately, I believe this has proven a killer pill to a viable post IA PLAN as peace has asked recently.


          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Hailat,

            I love the way you framed the nature of our debate in terms what entails CS in respect the Eritrean reality. Your observation on our division is spot on. While I consider myself on the side of fundamrntal change, because there is nothing that we could embrace from the nature of the system in place, I would love to debate on this crucial topic The details you put forward regarding our division in the CS strugle should be punctuated and framed as such between the current system and the democratic system. Because the details can be discused within that framework. I want to the argument from the reformers how they could democtatize while the system is intact. Second there is s need to explain what a sytem entails by sides of the arguments without any platitudnal political show and decieving argument to the general public. I hope to continue this topic because it is crucial to the future of Eritrea and our people.


        • Solomon

          Selamat HTG,

          It us the contraction and expansion of the center base that caught my attention. Yes, the more belligerent has contracted the center into encalves giving the advantage to a very large base for the status quo thus far. Hence, the utility of JS = CS by PFDJ in attacking COI’s impartiality in seeking justice for victims.
          So no need for my own group here, as I get it.

          Where I will create my own group and perhaps you may be intentionally pulling back is the part where you clearly stated that the Justuce Seekers recognize the legitimacy… Now, I may have extrapolated own and ran away with my thoughts what you were alluding to. So, I will just simply ask you here what you meant by that statement of recognition of the legitimacy? I can quote it later if my question is not clear.

    • iSem

      Hi HTG;
      Well, as our friend Sal once said, he is not a fun of the label justice seeker. I think what you are talking about when you said there is something buried in the label of JS, you are taking the term justice as how it is used here in the USA, when a person commits crimes, we seek justice, try him in due process, in a component court with a jury of his peers to give justice to the victim and due process to him, doing so the society benefits.
      In our case bot hJC and CS are synonomou, as regardless of the swaddled connotation in the JC, even the reform crowd, when it is not coming from PFDJ has built in accountability for both victim and criminal, the eri people and PFDJ respectively, if this happens we as a society ultimately benefit.
      CS, my take is since PFDJ is not cooperating while the ball is in their court, once change comes and we seek justice like we do here for the victim of a violent crime, we follow due process, in an open court with a jury, if we would have jury to try the criminals, no deals as they did not cooperate. So while the so called reform movement is buried in the JC labele, JC and CS accomplish the same at the end of the day, is all about the goal,

    • Dear HTG,

      Justice or change; what is required?
      Who are the justice seekers and from whom do they seek justice? Can one expect justice from an oppressor? Who has given justice (democracy) for free, especially when his position will be precarious and he knows that it will be used against him one day to depose him from power and even send him to prison. Justice can come only through change, and not through the goodwill of an oppressor.

      Why is that change is the only option in this case, when people have to do with their oppressors, and when the crimes are so horrendous and they cry for justice to be delivered? Citizens demand for people power, because they know that without power in their hands, or power in the hands of those who fully represent them, they will never be emancipated.

      Finally, if people accept defeat which is impossible, because they know that in the long run they are always the winners (there are many examples for that all over the world), then all scenarios are possible.

      (P.S. commenting is becoming somehow difficult, because one does not know when one has crossed the line. I still believe that Ethio-Eritrean politics are not like water and oil that do not mix. On the contrary, they are mixed to the extent that it is impossible to separate.)

    • Hayat Adem

      your greatness,
      I think iSem has it right. It should be a change where in justice is one of the priorities to be immediately served as part of the change process. So it is “justice within a change” as opposed to “justice within continuity”. The latter would have been preferable under a different scenario where there is generally a good direction, functioning institutions, and most offices and officials can facilitate the delivery of justice with milder enhancements and reforms. But this is not the kind of system we have now in Eritrea. So total change is in order. Justice needs to be characterizing the change, which means redressing the wronged and the victims, setting and institutionalizing rule of law, reconstituting rights and freedoms and leveling the fields of economic and political spaces, etc.
      The NS must not continue unless two components are built in it. 1st, it must be a hybrid of voluntarism and mandatorism. Let’s say, it is still 18 months, of which half of it is mandatory, and the rest of it must be done on voluntary basis. The idea here is to allow a participatory expression of the dual nature of collectivism and individualism. 2nd, it should be strictly managed based on the laws and contracts. No one should be forced to serve an inch more beyond what is stipulated (mandatory) and contractualized (voluntary).
      Allow me to quote our friend Nitricc here and address the justification he raised for endless NS and address it in a much broader way. Nitricc says, “[The] main genesis for the endless national military service is, the direct outcome of Ethiopia’s refusal to accept and implement the internationally rendered border verdict.” this is one and the only explanation you hear from the regime and its supporters. I would say this is a very lame excuse to butter up a crime from the outset but there may be some innocent souls who may truly buy this reasoning, so respecting those, I will try to show the porousness of this justification popularized to enslave generations.
      1) Let’s assume, the threat from Ethiopia is real and immediate. If containing such a threat requires you enslaving (sorry mobilizing and holding) hundreds of thousands of your youth for decades and more, you better look for other solutions. Because that is not optimal, normal, sane and sustainable. You are not truly defending the national interest or territorial integrity of the country. You are killing it yourself. The enemy you are afraid of coming and attacking can not harm worse than that. That is even when the threat you have in mind is the possibility of total occupation or annexation. For a border-limit threat and demarcating issue, it is like you are justifying the death of the entire nation as the right price to fight for the border and vanish in the process. This is just only when we assume we are the victims, and we are succeeding in fending off the enemy or at least making them stuck in the periphery villages because of our ability to mobilize and hold these hundreds of thousands of our young indefinitely.Even here, I am arguing it is not worth it; it is meaningless and irrelevant as the entire country will be eventually sacrificed. Meaning, after sometime, you will have nothing to fight for.
      2) Let’s assume, we cannot stop the enemy from even pushing further inside into the hinterland and the reason why they are at the peripheries is for they think the status quo is in their favor, or they have other priorities or they are afraid of the condemnation from the international community, or they are afraid of Eritreans getting bitter about any reoccupation and will push back bitterly and fight to their last drop of blood as in the past, etc… Under this assumption. these are some of the possibilities why the enemy is not trying to push-in even though they know they have force superiority that enables to do so. If this is the case, indefinite NS doesn’t make sense because they have nothing in contributing fto halt the enemy. So, that means NS is not being done for the stated purpose, defense. Indefinite NS under this scenario can only be done for the free labor and control of the youth in the name of NS and nation building. This is a political and humanity crime of a different order. 2 is worse than 1.
      3) Lest’s assume also the so called enemy (Ethiopia) has itself been a victim and it feels threatened by our militarization, aggression, provocations and frequent posturings and all what Ethiopia is doing is re-actively securing and defending herself. In that case, the enslavement is successfully perfected to the level of hostaging not just the mobilized youth under NS, but the entire Eritrean and the Ethiopian peoples for reasons that benefit the PFDJ ruling junta. NS under assumption 3 is even more absurd. What are the PFDJ accomplishing by this?
      There is no way one can justify this NS. PFDJ foolishly present it to justify that doesn’t mean we can buy it. The world has rejected this lame and stupid reason long ago. Eritreans who are fleeing the country are saying the same thing. The crowd that came Geneva to demonstrate in support of the COIE and in protest to the PFDJ/IA have said it louder and clearer. The supporters of the regime who still think PFDJ’s decision for militarization and mobilization (enslavement) comes because of the external threats. But PFDJ is the security threat itself. All the past recent armed engagements with Ethiopia, since 1998 till now, are all provoked by the PFDJ, prompting them to react. And when they reacted, they have proven PFDJ is no more capable of stopping them. At the level of time, PFDJ is not enslaving the youth but also endangering their lives by producing unnecessary provocations.

      • iSem

        Hi Hayat:
        I hope Sal is sleeping and BY is busy and MS in halewa leity. But NS should be slolwy removed, you cannot militarize a whole nations even with mandatory and voluntary NS
        I know western countries have NS, but I think it is just a wast of money for them, so in our I case NS must be removed within 5 years after creating the nation of laws to replace it with a professional army in the land, in the space and sea, the army is so professional that young people dream to be in the uniform from age 5, it is so competetetive that only the brightest and the best are able to join, Its equipped with state of the art tools, it is reflects the true demography in ethnicity and in populations. Military academy are set for higher achieving people who dream to wear the uniform, elite units are also available, And the military is supported by security agency that defends the security of the nation.Who is going to touch you? and who would want to the run of the mill NS that plags Eritrea since 1994
        People may think that they are serving their nation by spending their youth in the jungle building houses for generals, NS under PFDJ is both slavery and squandering of the potential, it is not national service, it is DS (dictator service)

        And after doing so make sure they answer to a civilian, if that cannot happen that is creating that professional modern army and it cannot answer to a civilian commander, then we are better of without both NS or without professional army with people fending for their own security, they have done it for years.

        • Berhe Y

          Dear iSem,

          I am a little busy. I agree to the professional military and the best intelligence unit. However I see that the NS have benefits that would allow the society to inter mingle and that to know each other that would lead to better understanding and peaceful coexistence in the future.

          I would have loved to see the visit the other parts of Eritrea and I would have loved to live and to get to know Eritreans from all other ethnic group, pick up a few words and language too. It will make a better and well informed citizen in the long run.

          The main thing I think needs to be changed is:

          1) It has to follow strictly the law of the land. even those who refuse to serve, they should face the legal system and have to get the sentence that’s stipulated in the law and not a day more.
          2) It has to have provision to allow exemption that’s not biased and open for corruptions.
          3) Women should be TOTATLY exempted from serving and those who do should be based on voluntary basis, including the wish of their parents. Since we have no system (or will be far from achieving a system that protects them, no matter what our Ghedli experience say we have. It is not working out to be the case).


          • iSem

            Hi BY;
            You make excellent point in item 3, if we have NS, but we should not have it
            On exposure to other parts of the country, not through NS. We can have government and none governmental programs to do that, like boy scout, “zura emo hagerka” summer camps, university students going into internship to teach in schools in regions outside their own during summer with paid programs.
            National service does not have to be military, what people are missing si , you can server your country by succeeding and making yourself better. And I can bet that the programs can be filled if you have incentives for those who exude extra-cultural activities, scholarships for people who speak one other language other than their own mother tongue.
            I am sure you know how I feel about military men, you need them , but just enough of them and even then with no access to unfettered power. And even with laws, you do not wan a country that every young man has gone for a year of military services. They are no good. The government must create a professional, modern army only those who love the military life will join, you do not want to have people like me who hate the military and only want to have as a necessary evil join the NS. If you want challenge and want to do it, man or woman, it means you love it and you should join the army, not through the NS
            The military must be those with passion for it and specially at this day and age where as you always say, it less likely that Eri will be invaded.
            The NS even with the laws and provisions you stipulate is a disaster to my mind. I do not see the benefit if you have permanent and reserve armies to have a cycle of NS?
            We should work on demilitarizing the country, no militarize it, you have the police, the navy, the army, the air force, staffed with people who love what they do and do what they love day in and day out, a respected profession

          • Berhe Y

            Dear iSem,

            You do make a compelling argument and I can’t argue farther. My girl is doing girl scout and I understand the benefit that will provide to the over all well being of the person and the society. The only thing that I think the NS would be better is, it will be universal and everyone have equal access, otherwise we will have a society that’s privilege / less privilege for equal access.

            In any case, I think when we have a parliament that debates the issue and that it listens to the wishes and demands of it’s constituents then we will have less complication to worry about and let our respected elected representatives do the jobs they are elected to do.


        • Hayat Adem

          I agree with everything you said. I mean if I have to choose between no NS and NS, I will probably pick the first, but it must be done, then women should be spared from combat, every should serve a definite time with a possibility of doubling the service time voluntarily. But it has to be done based on meticulously written stipulations that protect the rights of the draftee.

    • Solomon

      Selamat Haile The Great,

      Succinct timely and a very guiding advice for the Eritrean.

      True, the “change seeker” needs to match the “justice seeker.” The fuel and reaching to the levels of the current COI, UNHRC, ICC has always been the justice seeker. Especially those directly affected through their person or immediate and extended family members.

      The change seeker simply just got change by changing his/her circumstances of being governed by GoE/PFDJ by choosing to live in exile where, opportunities and the demands of the laws/proclamations were much to His/her approval. The change seeker, is one that more than likely does not mind the status quo until the changing tides near and appear to threaten his or her personal interests.

      More could be and should be said or elaborated to hopefully embolden and educate the suffering and anxiety ridden Eritrean population. I have only emphasised on the tip if the ice burg. I suppose I will read the back to businesses serious contributions by those who do not remain in a prolonged state of euphoria after smaller/bigger battles victories and neglecting the raging war and sufferings all around them.

      Though the justice seekers have thus far been the work horses for the change desired, thorough elaboration on your ensight can serve the Opposition a long way in registering victories in the courts of the Eritrean public where they have not mobilized heavy armaments if you will and as a result have seemingly not made a dent and unjustifiably are perceived as harbingers foreign evil agendas.
      This is a forum discussion topuc worth spending months if not years on as well as perhaps a thorough academic research.

      Perhaps I will pick a new foe in the forum. The very talented propagandist Hayat Adam will do. Yes, she may have chiped away at those…. But seriously like any Dictator I need an enemy to feel my environs. ..

      Eid SaIID!


      • Berhe Y

        Dear tSAtSE,

        I must say this is the first time I really understood what you wrote and you said it well. No rap, no kebero, no sEsE, but pure and simple.


      • Amanuel Hidrat


      • Hayat Adem

        tSatSe (Solomon),
        I have never read you before. And I’m not saying this in a negative way. I can’t be negative without reading you. The reason is i usually read selectively and I’m not sure what makes me pick one over others. I guess it so happens to be a chance-pick. But once I start reading, I guess I consider the writers like a person I’ve talked to and I keep on following them. And it is not about quality either. If you ask me, I’ve never read a single good, coherent, sensible feed from Hope nor from Nitricc but I still read them mostly if not entirely.
        Today I was tempted to read your comment because Berhe’s note below made me curious. Then I saw my name mentioned. Then you called me a propagandist. Then you officially declared you chose me to be your foe and punching bag. Why? What did I do?
        My issue with you is your name. You have different sign-in and sign-out names. You start as a person and end up as an insect. I never knew any kind of discourse would make anyone graduate be an ant.
        PS: There was a one entering a building looking for a certain office. And then he stopped at a door where he thought he may have to knock at. But suddenly his eyes caught a written notice that reads, “For problems, please come to room number 03.” To that, the man replied out loud, “oh no, I’ve plenty of my own.”
        I hope it makes sense.
        Cheers tSatSe!

        • Solomon

          Hello Meseret,

          Pardon me for taking liberty in not addressing you with your chosen name by those who rared you with unconditional love. As you already know, the word Meseret means Foundation. So wizardry aside, on a second thought, despite the negative tones used in OUR invirons of the ward Tebib, I need not make you suffer with IA style paternalistic long lecture of all things you have ample knowledge and or exposure to.

          I appreciate your utility of your right to self defense and bold response of approaching the battle field on your horse back accompanied with your knight and war emblem bearer. Chatting with a budy minutes ago, I recalled a certain Professor Whalen and Dean of an ECE department in Upstate NY and a certain incident. The incident was a Spice Simulation project of some rudimentary electrical circuits,.. you know Professor/Chief Justice Hayat Adam, the capacitor, diods, transister, resistance thingy. Rather feeling a little more than little mental yet oddly in a very energetic mood to go to battle for the purpose of gaining what I feel as I am sure as you do what is lacking. Now that I have perhaps exhausted you to my level following your long and relaxing Thanks Giving day with good friends and family, my sincere hope, and the prospect of our mutually agreed upon WAR…
          1. I do read, at least in this forum, selectively AND not by chance. You have a purpose and are a propigandist. TewsaKhitey Gual Adem is analogues to pleading the fifth amendment.
          2. This is after all much like the Spice simulation and so I declared war on my new foe, I.e. you Hayat Adam, because I can just the the same as you can choose to defend your honor or uter srrraHH seIne Gual Adem…Flit teTeQime/nesnise zeywdiom n ashiHat tSAtSE ashinQuay do Hade tSAtSE. (I beg your pardon Your Honor for my presumption, but should you need to utilize iSEM, or simply ask and I will translate.)
          3. I am tickled– you can call me TanTu or DuduE… the clever and accomplished man Hope is, better left an incomplete thought, zAsheKhuO mihiruni yekhewnn ile .. Asha diye tSAtSE kem Hitler weykeA IA ab seleste arbaEte gmbarat Quinat zkheft. Ewe…
          I am not upset nor did I assume I have been categorized by you in one or more of your inquisitive speculations shared. If you like, rather than tSAtSE or peace, I will close my addresses to you with a nick name henceforth: WAR.

          As you retreat to your loyal soldados to lead and command your attacks and defenses as I I will do the same, I trust you will review my demands and desired GAINS! And perhaps we can spare the quality lives of our respective fellow and loyal soldiers we command. Tickled in deed– insect! Aye sni godelo Foundation mhzoA, Tbena..I almost chose Peace and..

          Sire, we shall meet shortly on the battle field with swords drawn.



          • Hayat Adem

            Call a translator!
            War by translator is clearly a disadvantage. I totally surrender and present myself to your almightiness. At your mercy!

          • Thomas D

            Hi Hayat,

            This guy who comes by Solomon and other nicks like tSatSe is unfortunately is of unsound mind. His self edited video was surfacing the net and you can simply tell. So, it is not just his English writing there is more to it.

          • Solomon

            Selamat ThomasD,

            You would be surprised how liberating unsound mind is. On my self edited videos, yet another proof of introducing the tool to the numerous self edited videos many are utilizing in Eritrea’s cyberspace. If I manage my time well, my writing would be cosustent…trust you me even my gibirish has more substance than your bs.

          • Thomas D

            Selam Solomon,

            My reply to you is just, say what? I am realy sorry for telling the truth about U. I hope to see the improved you.

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Hayat,

            Welcome to the club:-).


          • Solomon

            Selamat Meseret,

            It is indeed always at my mercy. This new simulation and declaration of my thumb war is taking and will take shape.
            Let me catch up on with the articles and forumers.

            Mr. Hailemariam and his Martyrdom article is on par with awate’s greatest statesman HaileTG.

            And a bit disappointed at BY for opting to be a KJ aba guayla by blurting to you “join the club” instead of taking my invitation and challenging me with specific questions against my seemingly bombastic claims in my response to him. Further contributing to the drag force of the lagging opposition minded. I will not categorize him in the “Change Seeker” isle prematurely.

            You see, in HaileTG’s compare and contrast analysis of Change Seekers Vs. Justice Seekers introduction, I believe that the belief of the majority Eritreans, sometines referred to as the “Silent Majority” is that there are Change Seekers that would reverse the tremendous gains made by all Eritreans in creating the national identity or nationalism through sacrifice and martyrdom by gambling sovereignty by being in bed and or believing the greater good for the region is through Ethiopia’s leadership and or design’s/road map. Though I may see how these Change Seekers could see such angle to a certain degree, I firmly believe and warned in this form roughly a decade ago that a greater percentage of Eritrean’s will suffer dire consequences both materialy and spiritually as retribution for the national cohesiveness they constructed or reconstructed despite the obstacles by external forces, internal authoritarian governance with almost non existent civil liberties, and a scorned Change Seekers by any means who lament of yesteryears greater Ethiopia days. Please reread Hailemarian’s article and anticipate his part II.
            HTG’s Justice Seekers on the other hand, alludes, at least to yours truly, that a better change can be achieved by recognizing the legitimacy of the numerous positive efforts as well as providing advocacy of the negatives dealt the Eritrean populas by the current PFDJ party GoE. It is the change from within call which I believe is JUST without of course pardoning those responsible for meting injustices to thousands of Eritrean Citizens since Eritrea’s independence. HTG is in favor of these Justice Seekers over the Change Seekers because he states clearly the Change Seekers need to catch up.
            I can not accept your mercy surrender because clearly you have not and do not intend to entertain my demands or terms of surrender to avert WAR.

            I have observed and studied your selective reading and responses to all who you interact with accordingly to their “weight class”, the heavy weight propigandist that you are, with a singular push of a one way direction to be defined or illuminated with the simulation I have in mind.

            It is’nt necessarily a one on one battle or enmity. Your responses and cintrubutions in the forum, though may have served positively Pre COI, it may now be a force of lag to the Justice Seeker you may very well be. Head the Great Statesman HailTGs redirect.
            As I will scrutinize your comments selectively and challenge you will keep signing of with:

    • Tewelde gebremariam

      Hi Haile TG
      There is absolutely no need either for reform or radical chang in our country. Our mission is simple——- remove the current impostor government now in power, implement the 1997 ratified Constitution, install legitimate ligitimate people’sgovernment and see to it that the criminals,—–+- isaias afewerk and his cabals—— are held accountable for their crimes.

      Now the question for you is:

      1.what does your ” radical Transformations” encompass? Please explain yourself fully.

      2. Do you support the implementation of the 1997 ratified Constitution? If not, please explain why?

      3. What is your view on the Constitution of the so called Eritrean opposition with a provision for each of our ethnic group a right for self-determination up to secession?

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Hi Tewelde,

        Until hailat get back to you with his answer, let me ask you few questions :

        1 – Did you notice any abnornality with the 1997 constitutional document? if yes what?

        2 – Should the constitution address the grievances of our social groups? If yes, which provision of the document does? if no why not?

        3 – What kind of constitution is the 1997 constitutional document? as there are many kinds of constitution does exist.

        4 – what kind of government does the document stipulate? why?

        5 – According the document, land should be owned by the state. Do you agree on that? If you agree why? if you do not why?

        6 – The issue of language is still controvertial? What aproach could be bring us into compromise?

        For now let us start with this basic questions. Then I will see how l could engage you.

        Amanuel Hidrat

        • Tewelde gebremariam

          Hi Amanuel,
          Your questions about the Constitution are long past due. You ought to have asked them when the Constitution was being drafted.

          But again, once the impostor is removed, the Constitution is implemented and legitimate government is instituted , the Supreme Authority, the Eritrean people, can amend or make changes in the Constitution as they see fit.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Hi Tewelde,

            I thought you are knowlegeable about constitutions and constitutionalism. More than that you do not seem to know that a constitution is contractual document (a) between the political organizations that exist during the process (b) between the people and the political organizations (c) Between every citizen of the nation of Eritrea. If we do not do that the document will never be defended by all citizen of the land. It (the document) will be a victim of any regime that comes in to power.


          • Tewelde gebremariam

            Hi Amanuel,
            Direct your irrelevant questions and views to Dr. Bereket who was the chairman of the Commission who framed the Eritrean Constitution to understand all the inputs that went into it.

            But now the Constitution is a finished product and as soon as it is implemented whether you like it or not, you will have to accept it and live by it.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Hi Tewelde,

            Didn’t you sound like the despot when you said “whether you like it or not, you will have to accept it and live by it”? My friend what did Issays did than giving the Eritrean people orders and telling them that they have to live with his order, otherwise…….( fill the blank). I have already warned the Eritrean people that this document is a fertile womb of dictators. Even if you cry the “imposter” has to go, which is your daily cry, there are many imposters in the queue, in case if you are not aware about them. If it can tame you arrogance, do not worry about Amanuel, worry about the half population of Eritrean society already rejected it, and sure you know that, if you are not from those “Abey Kibtsehu Eyom zeblu Eritreans”. It is this attitude that created distrusts and disunity. BTW, the good Doctor already has hinted some changes on it.

          • Tewelde gebremariam

            Hi Amanuel ,
            I won’t allow you to go beating around the bush by sticking to the truth of our Constitution, which is Authored by the people of Eritrea, abroad and at home, and with wisely incorporated clauses for amendment to meet future necessities.

            You might have refused to take part in the process of the making of the Constitution but that is your prerogative. But please let bygones be bygones. Be brave and resolute to live with your decisions. Therefore, stop boring us with your daily lamentations , fear mongering and propheizing of falling skies.

            Far and beyond, please stop being woyane clone in this website.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Tewelde,

            See now the difference between you and me. Something that belongs to the mass should be done by the mass. individuals and parties should only open the way and let the mass chose if that should be done or not. Eritrean constitution under PFDJ can’t be done and if with good wish the doctors and professors has tried it, the result is here to see – it is not practical. The reason is simple – 1. you can’t ask a criminal on power to accept to be judged for his crime 2. PFDJ was not transitional body and it will never be.3.political parties and opposing personalities were not there – they didn’t participate.

            In fact people who try to materialize the constitution in Eritrea should accept they were wrong for spending money and time for nothing. Eritrean constitution of 1997 may help us as reference to get important points to discuss – I consider it as simple book written by some one or group.

            Hey, from your post above I learned you are against PFDJ just because you couldn’t manage to get any position under PFDJ. this is not only your problem -you should take it easy most of the people are in the same boat. All you have to know is you need to challenge your own self – No much education required only honesty is the main equipment you should own. know and note that as you have failed to be part of PFDJ you will fail to be part of opposition if you still want to be substitute of IA.

          • tes

            Dear Tewelde,

            I thought that are a descent man but I was naive to think that way. Your arrogance is too far to reconcile with.

            Cool down and think on your arrogance please.


  • Nitricc

    Greetings the people of awate-forum. Reading this current post, i can’t help it but to question the motive and the intent of the article. One very important aspect of the Eritrean opposition undermined when it comes to the silent majority is, they not only undermined the collective intelligence of the majority but out-right insulting it. if the truth of the Eritrean predicament need to be told then the main genesis for the endless national military service is, the direct outcome of Ethiopia’s refusal to accept and implement the internationally rendered border verdict. slice it every way you want, spin it every direction you shall but the truth is if Ethiopia had accepted and implemented what was decided in the court of law, there is no need for the endless military service and there won’t be any excuse for the government of Eritrea to tightened its grips in all affairs of the nation. even worst what the unfairness of this article is, it fails miserably in addressing the real event that led to all the miseries Eritrea is experiencing. it is not only Ethiopia failed to respect and implement the legally decided verdict but it was Eritrea who was punished and sanctioned through and through. It was Eritrea who is barred from arming herself for purpose of self defense while her much bigger, stronger and law violator, Ethiopia allowed to arm herself to the teeth. under this unjust circumstances, what is Eritrea supposed to do? what other choice is left for Eritrea other than to hold by any means necessary? I know there some gutless Eritreans who think Eritrea should bend and stick the fork but that is what people with self worth and dignity do. you can’t go through all the blood shading and distraction what Eritrea went through and bend to an absolute of unjust. you can’t build a viable nation with defeated mentality and cowardice. there was border disagreement then full scale war erupted and finally the court of law has spoken. why can we call spade is spade and call it as such? blaming and shaming Eritrea only undermines the credibility of the so-called opposition. the truth is none of this would have happened if you had the guts to call and stand for what is right and just. I ask you what option does Eritrea have other than survive by all means necessary, including endless military service? you can be all dishonest and call it slavery but it is the last resort of survival. so, please spare us the clever deception.

    • Berhe Y

      Hi Nitricc,

      Let’s just talk rational here. Why do you think the law allowed 18 months of national service is not enough.

      Here is what I mean:

      1) Eritrean defence comes up with a fix number of army that it needs to secure the boarder and to fight any threat. I would say 50,000 as an example sounds a reasonable number. Then as long as it has these numbers rotating, then there should no issue as far as security is concerned.

      2) those who do the national service are released to move on with their life the way they see fit, but they will be active reserve, meaning they get recalled every once in a while so they remain active (like training, drill etc) in the event that they are needed.

      3) because as far as UN refugee status goes, Eritrea will not be any worst than other countries, then the rate of acceptance will be very law so they are forced to stay in their own country (because majority of them will be deported)

      4) off course you will have the few who will leave the country like on scholarships, married etc but the number will be small and it want be any worst but the drove of young that leave every month.

      So personally this “threat” does not hold water. Ethiopia even if it’s big, has no legal means to invade Eritrea and erase its boarders and occupy it and gets away with it. No nation can do that to another nation after the 2nd world war (UN member country), that ship has sailed in 1993, bye bye the opportunity is gone.

      Can you tell me honesty why this will not work, if security is the real issue? As far as the boarder goes, just higher 5 lawyers to press the UN and the sponsors of the ruling to keep pressing.


      • Nitricc

        Berhe; I am going to waste my time because I don’t think you have any idea with the reality in the ground. So, let’s speaking of rationality; what rational are you talking about? If your comp had an ounce of rationality, we won’t have this problem we are dealing with. The problem is the absence of
        rationality and honesty. Blaming everything the government is a sickness. Not that the government is free of blame but, come-on. Let me answer you line by line so hopefully you can see the point.
        1) Eritrean defence comes up with a fix number of army that it needs to secure the boarder and to fight any threat. I would say 50,000 as an example sounds a reasonable number. Then as long as it has these
        numbers rotating, then there should no issue as far as security is concerned.

        You can’t fix when you don’t even know when and how many your enemies are coming. If you were to approached this matter honestly; the idea the TPLF gangs so proud of telling the “ No peace no war” is degenerated to do just that. The idea is by creating no war no peace situation; it forces Eritrea to wage every abled body to be ready for any eventuality. Because, Eritrea have no idea, when and how Ethiopian armies are coming; there for, your fixed army theory is worthless. If the Ethiopians had accepted, border demarcated and no clouds of war, no situations of no war no peace, then you can say this much army and this kind of weapons are suffice for national security of the nation. So, if you understood the magnitude of no war no peace; I doubt, you believe what you have written. I don’t think you understand the sophistications of its design and Eritrea’s action of plan to thwart the evil plan. However; I can assure you the future Eritrea does not need 50000. 20000 armies is more,than enough, but that is for other day.

        2) those who do the national service are released to move on with their life the way they see fit, but they will be active reserve, meaning they get recalled every once in a while so they remain active (like training, drill etc) in the event that they are needed.

        Again you have no understanding what the reality and the danger in the ground is. Only in a relatively peace situation you can rotate and recall your reserve armies. For example; Israel can do that because they are in “relatively in peace” while Eritrea is in clouds of war and no peace and no war situations.
        So, you take is worthless.

        3)because as far as UN refugee status goes, Eritrea will not be any worst than other countries, then the rate of acceptance will be very law so they are forced to stay in their own country (because majority of them will be deported)

        Again; you have no clue what the situation is. The no war no peace is designed to create exodus of people out of Eritrea. Once the no war no peace is in place; then the exodus of the youth to follow. Once the youth is out, therefore the defense capabilities of Eritrea to be weaken; once the defense is crippled then your TPLF is to attack. This is the main plan of no war no peace. So, your corrupted UN is part of the plan of no war no peace. The UN gave a free asylums only to Eritreans so that to expedite and accelerate
        the successes of the evil plan. so, get the facts!

        4)off course you will have the few who will leave the country like on scholarships, married etc but the number will be small and it want be any worst but the drove of young that leave every month. So
        personally this “threat” does not hold water. Ethiopia even if it’s big, has no legal means to invade Eritrea and erase its boarders and occupy it and gets away with it. No nation can do that to another nation after the 2nd world war (UN member country), that ship has sailed in 1993, bye bye the opportunity is gone.

        The TPLF just attacked Eritrea on Jun 12 this year? How do you reconcile that and with what you are saying? Again, you have no idea what you are taking about, I suggest educate your self about the matter. Reading the likes of Semere Andom garbage and ignorant posts won’t cut it. Think for yourself. Under the circumstances; Eritrea did what needed to be done. So, my friend, think for yourself!!! That is all I can tell you.

        • Berhe Y

          Dear Nitricc,

          I try to be polite but you don’t have to say “you have no clue, you have no idea”, like 100 times. If you have a clue why don’t you state it (which I thought you did).

          So the “enemy created no peace no war”, and how do you expect to resolve this? Do you expect your enemy to solve the problem for you while at the same time you are saying the enemy wants the “no peace no war”. This sounds to me that you have no clue how to resolve the issue. What I suggest is that, Eritrea should hold its destiny on its own.

          I didn’t say they Ethiopia will not attack / boarder skirmish her and there, Eritrea will do the same as well. What I said is Ethiopia will NOT declare WAR and invade Eritrea. It’s a big difference, that’s why I think 50,000 is enough number and in the event there is all out war you have your reserve.

          Having you being in war, how long does it take to mobilize an army of thousands, it takes weeks, which is more than enough time to recall the reserves, with proper drill exercise.

          Don’t they teach you “The art of war”, here is some wise words from Sun Tzu:

          “There is no instance of a country having benefited from prolonged warfare.

          Hence the saying: If you know the enemy and know yourself, you need not fear the result of a hundred battles. If you know yourself but not the enemy, for every victory gained you will also suffer a defeat. If you know neither the enemy nor yourself, you will succumb in every battle.

          • Nitricc

            Berhe I am not trying impolite rather I am articulate. No peace no war will be solved when Eritrea do
            what she does best!

            “”ክጎብጡኻ ካብ ርሑቕ ጎዮም
            ብርኮም ሰቢርካዮም

            ፋይዳ የብሉን ምኹሕ ሓናኒ
            ትብዓት/ንቕሓት’ዩ ወሳኒ!!

            ምድርን ሰማይን እንተተላገበ
            ከም ዓይኒ መርፍእ ኩሉ እንተጸበበ

            ኣርሁ ተብሎ ሓጹር ፈንጢስካ
            ናይ ኩሉ መፍትሕ ኣብ ኢድካ ጨቢጥኻ”””””

            Once again Eritrea have stand strong to solve the evil riddle of no peace no war. I hope this help you to understand what my point is. Please listen, watch the clip and try to think and see for your self. open your mind and understand the real issue.


          • Berhe Y

            Dear Nitricc,

            እዚ እንድዩ ዘይብከ ዘብክየኒ ዘሎ፡፡ ዓዲ ብሙሉአ እንዳጠፍኤሲ ንስኻ፡ ያኒ ባድመ ብደርፊ ገሪካ ክትመልሲ፡፡ እስከ እሞ መሊስካዮ ንበል? ድሕሪኡ ኸ እንታይ ኮን እዩ ዝጽበያና፡፡ ሱቅ ኢሎም ድዮም ብኡ ጌሮም ክድቁሱ፡ ዶ ንሓና ዘንፈልጦ ኑክልያር (nuclear) ቦምብ ህግደፍ ሰሪሑ እዩ፡፡


    • iSem

      Hi Nitricc:
      The lack of empathy , the feeling of the suffering of others, the gift of understanding, the pursuit of truth not for fame or foe I told you so, but for the sake of it, are higher gift that not many have
      But you problem with basic facts is mind boggling.
      The indefinite NS as so aptly dubbed slavery project has nothing to do with Ethiopia’s incursions, it is to rob the humanity of Eritrea, to himualte them so they are impotent to oppose, to reduce them to mere subexistence , to PFDJ empowered and well-fed people are a threat, they will demand to be citizens and not mere subject
      No matter who writes your comments, one thing is clear you cannot fool us that you care about Eritrea, and by that I mean in the same way you define Eritrea, a physical entity with rocks, rivers and landscape, even that narrow and false definition of Eritrea you do not care about
      Time is up buddy,
      Basically, you are self admitted moron and there is no point engaging with you and I am not sure why we do it, but someone told me that we engage you out of our pity.
      You are unqualified to pontificate about Eritrea and tell the
      writer of the article about his motives, you are unqualified about your life let alone about people and a nation:
      PFDJ: No go shoot the author, I will explain later
      Nitricc:, Ye, sir, no explanation needed sir, I will never “aks” for an explanation , Eri needs to defend itself, with whatever means necessary
      PFDJ: Hagerawi wedi meriet, agenaee
      Nitricc: min alk?
      PFDJ: Good boy
      Nitricc: Yes, sir, can I also shoot his friend and his family, I can do that too,he is toothless

    • Thomas D


      I would have advised you to stand in front of the over 12,000 Geneva real young Eritreans and tell them what you stated above, they would have stormed towards you to eat you alive. You just don’t know what it takes to live in the hands of the oppressers back there and that is why you have NO idea. I say people here so forbearing to hear your mumbo-jumbo. Your opposition did this and opposition did that bluff or content less writing is such a waste which deserves an out erase on other websites. Would you please visit Eritrea for a year, work for free and comeback to let us know your experiences…………………………..???