Inform, Inspire, Embolden. Reconcile!

Terrerti And Their MP Aunts

[this is an archive edition of Negarit from August 2, 2004 and maybe you could see how today is what it felt 13 years ago.]

I keep thinking of my aunt because some people call home, talk to their aunties and use them as proof that their single voice is the voice of the people: whatever they tell them is their proof of what the people are saying, and they begin their sentence with “hzbi entay ybl alo mesleka…”  In the absence of a representative government and a free press, the aunt, the uncle, the friend, that sole person people talk to in Eritrea, becomes amplified into the voice of a member of parliament, an MP, the Baito, indeed the voice of the people.

Let me tell you about my aunt.  An exceptionally brave woman, she is a self-trained midwife whose tools included sharp Nacet shaving blades, clean gauze cloth and a heart of steel. She has fourteen children, some of whom she mid-wifed their birth alone, on herself.  Her wit is the talk of everyone: often, she proudly reminds her visitors that she has raised more children than a football team. She shares everything except one secret: where she hides her fountain of youth [Now deceased and I miss her]. Had she been a political junkie, she would certainly assemble enough people to form a “formidable” political movement. At the very least, she would have had a group composed of fifteen people, which would have made her party bigger than some of our self-mid-wifing and tiny parties.

Three years ago, at a meeting, a speaker stood behind the podium and started blowing a fiery speech: “kbur hzbi ertra!” he began, addressing the twenty-something people. The “hzbi ertra” were listening attentively; I should know: I was one of the hzbi. The speaker assured us that our being there in the hall is a testimony that “hzbi ertra nhgdef kewdqa telaIlu’lo“. I agreed with the sentiments. Back then, “enda Isaias” was so big and controlled all aspects of the Eritrean community life, it was choking it.

Prior to 2001, assembling that many Diaspora “hzbi” was quite a feat. Demoralized, tired and after giving up hope, many members of the opposition were dropping out of the whole journey.  Only the few stubborn individuals and organizations persistently carried on. They were insulted, defamed and humiliated. They were called ‘laHasti byati weyane” by the divider extraordinaire, leader of enda Isaias, Isaias himself. Even those who discovered their Eritreaness just then questioned their patriotism. So, yes of course, it was a time when an assembly of twenty people representing the opposition was indeed a meeting of hzbi ertra. Indeed, it was a meeting of those who represented the never-dying spirit and conscience of patriotism.

Three years ago, the tired and wronged opposition camp was exhilarated with the advent of the nouvo-opposition. They, myself included, thought that we could now be a united people and live together in peace.   We would all be equal, including the multitudes of “hzbi ertra!” -–in the thousands, in the tens of thousands–who live in the godforsaken refugee camps in the Sudan. Unfortunately, it was not to be: some believe that “Sudanized refugees” don’t count. Some believe that if there is to be change in Eritrea, it should come through the glorious blessings of a few NGO-financed “leaders” with a divine right to rule.

Three long years later, some groups that started with fifteen people are, after three years, still loyal to that number. The whole idea of a political party or a political organization is to compete for power in a pluralist atmosphere. And that requires expanding constituencies, which in turn means votes. If the constituency is not expanding, worse, it is shrinking, what keeps those groups alive except personal egos? I know many able people who could make a real change if only they subdued their egos and merged with others like them. That would have stopped the “lack of new-blood” cry that is coming from all corners. But no, they prefer to remain assr-aleqa in their own small corners, assaulting their fellow compatriots.

The Tools of the Intelligence Trade

A few months ago, I met an arrogant camouflaged politician who went berserk insulting the whole opposition camp. He insulted every opposition group saying, “they are tools of the Weyane!” He further started to talk as if his organization is attracting people by droves and as if people were queuing to join the party that he is, knowingly or unknowingly, crippling. I told him that the whole opposition structure is composed of amsa-aleqatat, organizations whose membership roster is a maximum of fifty lines long. I made a mistake then, in fact it is ten lines long – not even as many as my aunt’s undeclared political group of fifteen people!

But who gives people, like my arrogant friend, the inspiration to attack the opposition they so much victimized for decades and insist on continuing to victimize? Unfortunately, to some, Eritrea is made up of three groups: people who share their values, people who can be compelled to share their values, and people who have to be marginalized, and “de-citizinized.” Oh, there will always be some fine-sounding reasons to de-citizenize the people but in spirit and content, there is no difference between yesterday’s “Fifth columnist” and today’s “sovereignty-compromiser.” Even the people making the accusations and the people being accused are the same. In fact, even some of the tools being used are the same: stalling.

In the intelligence world, there are many diabolic methods of fighting a force from within. One such tool is known as the Stalling Method. You don’t face an action head on; you join the trek and stall it to immobility from within. If you want to understand the stalling tactics used on the opposition, check the major activities over the last four years and see what happened to them all! They all ended up facing the wall and going nowhere and they silently died out. Check the themes that are cleverly thrown to confuse. There was the theme of “Peaceful struggle” not as an intellectual exercise or as a principle, but as a new topic for stalling the move. Check the “democrat or not?” exams, yet another philosophical digression, specially coming from people who have a very checkered past on that score. Check out the “final and binding” cry not just as a principled expression of an organization but as a demand that others follow suit and that if they don’t, there is no other conclusion but that they are agents of Ethiopia. All are stalling tactics because they are not being asked to clarify issues but to stall a movement. Check out all the high profile meetings and declarations and ask what happened to them all. You will get the clear picture!

Despite the efforts of the stalling engineers, what Eritreans from all corners have been expressing is one major demand: unity. There is much that is encouraging in this regard. There is talk that several organizations are involved in an extensive dialogue to form some sorts of a coalition group. It is a welcome move: at least those who think they are big, when they are not, can actually start to grow in number. In fact, I can foresee three major blocks in the formation. My hope is that such mergers and alliances among the opposition would not be a cause for ugly signs of competition. Like many Eritreans, I only hope that the sole target of such alliances at this moment is the brutal corrupt regime in Asmara. Once united and free, Eritreans can establish a just nation that is at peace with itself and at peace with its neighbors. Only then can we divorce the life of a Terraray: endlessly talking about borders and lines while those who are supposed to benefit from such exercises are perishing. Practical sovereignty of the people must come before the theoretical sovereignty of the land.

The Politics of Terraray

For those who are not aware of it, in the Habesha legal tradition, there is an order in the village assembly, the Baito that bars the defendant or the accuser from uttering any word during the deliberation. If the person who is barred utters a word, he is sanctioned by the Baito. How does a defendant show his disapproval of what the accuser is saying? By using body language and by clearing his throat: “AHEM.”

Once the Baito issues its verdict, the execution of the ruling is left to the plaintiff and the accuser. One time I witnessed a Baito assembled to rule over involuntary manslaughter of a man. The family of the deceased was very angry and wanted to avenge the blood of their loved on. The Baito ruled the victim’s family should receive financial compensation, and to bring the matter to finality, the defendant’s family should offer a bride to the victim’s family.  The ruling was in fact final and binding…but the details were left to the two parties to negotiate. Who would marry whom was not part of the deal. The villagers went back home to see and list of the youth who have matured and should be married. The shortlisting process went on for weeks. Finally, a lucky young man was to be married to the only four-year educated beautiful girl. Of course, they talked about the details of the ruling, the number of cows and whether they should get them before the rainy season or later, and whether it should be cows or bulls, and how old. The important thing is that the matter was resolved to the satisfaction of both parties. That was one of the most valuable experiences I learned in resolving conflicts.

Now, let’s see our version of Final & Binding. Let me begin with the obvious: of course, EVERYBODY is for a “final and binding” settlement to the border issue; otherwise, one is rooting for war.  The question is this: what if, in our example above, the “Baito” dissolved itself and one of the parties refused to implement the ruling of the Baito?

My position is the same as it was in 1998 and it begins with this premise: nations don’t go to war, people go to war. Politicians don’t pay for wars; people pay for wars. I will always choose the path that minimize the risks of war; I believe all who, in one-way or another, claim to be advocates of the people, must do everything we can to stop wars even if the position we take is unpopular. Such a stand might come at a cost; only the willing take such risks. Cheap sloganeering doesn’t involve any risk–or courage.

In 1998, I felt that some Eritreans were, knowingly or unknowingly, beating the drums of war.  I didn’t say “ahem”; I said so. It cost me much, including friends. In 2004, I believe the shouters of “final and binding” are, knowingly or unknowingly, cornering the two sides into war. And I have no intention of saying “ahem”; I will keep saying so and, I suspect, I will lose friends in the process.

It is particularly heartbreaking to me when the provocation and the chest-pounding comes from people who are sure to have themselves and their loved ones at a safe-distance from shooting range.  Isn’t it selfish to say, “final and binding” just because it makes you somehow feel right and righteous and a “patriot-on-the-cheap”, even as you know that this in no way contributes to alleviating the suffering of the people and, in fact, makes war more likely?

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  • Selam Solomon L,

    Sorry, but it is you who brought the diaspora politics thing, as if everybody outside ethiopia thinks the same way, i.e. against tplf and against the people of tigray. My posts in the past prove that I have always said, never put together in the same basket the people and the ethnically affiliated political parties, because the later are using the people to benefit themselves. Therefore, I was talking of the ruling tplf party (elites) and not the people of tigray.

    History is repeating itself in this case. When the amhara elites were ruling ethiopia, the amhara ethnic group was accused of being the beneficiary of everything political power could give. You may know that they were among the poorest ethiopian social groups, even worse in certain things, like education.

    Let me assure you; except the diehard political power mongers, no ethiopian sees the ordinary people of tigray any different from itself. As to its elites, the tplf party, it is a different story. Rest assured, the elites from other ethnic groups are also learning the rules of the game, and they are also enriching themselves from their political positions.

    Unfortunately, the anti-corruption drive by the government is too weak to be effective, because it affects mainly members of the government and its supporters. That is why ethiopians should abandon their partisan politics and fight corruption wherever it may be, and stand for democracy, peace and equality.

    • Fanti Ghana

      Selam Horizon,

      Many corrupt officials will be dealt with soon.
      Since you are already assuming “TPLF is corrupt, and others are “learning” [corruption] from it,” most, if not all, of the soon to be arrested officials will have to be Tigreans; otherwise, you have no choice but to also assume that “the TPLF government arrested only non-Tigreans.”

      You are not ready for the truth.

      • Selam Fanti Ghana,

        Of course, a sort of self-cleansing is taking place in the states of tigray, amhara and others, as we have read lately, but not enough.

        Don’t forget that tplf was the lone power at least until the last war, and please do not tell us whatever decision the tplf government took was the result of a broad and free consensus. You might be aware of the my way or the highway, go to the bushes like us if you want power, etc, which was the sign of arrogance?

        Why do you think that it is said that ethiopian prisons speak afan oromo.

        Only undemocratic african governments have a political and business branch, with the aim to dominate both the political and economic arena, so that political power serves economic interests, and economic power serves political aims.

        As much as i am concerned corrupt politicians should be behind bars, whichever political party they may belong to. If the tplf has not done enough to cleanse itself from corrupt individuals, better it does so. This holds true for the other political parties as well. I am not the only one, but most ethiopians who assume that there is corruption and unfair economic practices.

        • Kokhob Selam

          Dear Horizon,

          If so, why don’t go inside then correct the mistake? An Eritrean problem Is not like you Country case
          Needs uprooting the PFDJ for total change ..Not like your case (like admin ) problem,,,I mean your nation has already gone advance..

          KS,,

          • sara

            Kokob
            Yesterday i said something to that effect to ato horizon,
            But the disqs swallowed it.

          • Dear K. S.,
            No political party is beyond criticism. A political party can be everything else but a club of perfect human beings.
            There is nothing under the sun that cannot be corrected in due time. Nothing remains the same for ever. That is why cooperation is better than confrontation.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Yes Horizon,

            But not the same.. the one with complete total against nature and the one with constitution are not the same to be criticized.. in the same scale of …

            KS,,

          • Nitricc

            Hi Kokhob; why are you feeding the Ethiopians deceptive and immoral prizes? The country is bleeding from inside out and here you are twisting the knife in the Ethiopians heart. The country is suffering under absolute corrupted leaders, even one high Ethiopian official was heard saying ” when Melles was the prime minister, you take your case to him and you get and you know the answer but now, you don’t even know where to go with your case” this should tell you everything what the country is going through. You have the moral obligation to tell the Ethiopians that they should work to save their country, otherwise, people don’t deceive them they are already taken for the ride.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Nitricc,
            “The country is bleeding from inside out and here you are twisting the knife in the Ethiopians heart.”

            You know that, I was in Bahir Dar then now living inside those kind people didn’t allow me to go beyond this. And the making great jobs for this nation is my duty ..

            I AM PLANING TO TAKE NEW ACTION TO FIGHT THE LAKE TANA’S EMBOCH..

            KS..

          • Nitricc

            Hi Kokhob; now you talking. I will support to that idea. Lake Tana should be saved but it might be too late though. I think this is the time to drop everything the Ethiopians doing and fight for Lake Tana but what they are doing is ignoring the problem. By the time the Ethiopians understands the magnitude of the problem it will be too late. They keep talking about the toothless Addis cheep flashy building while ignoring one of their best asset. So, Kokhob this is the time to save lake Tana. for a change I agree with you. lol I guess there is a first one for everything. By the way, you thought a new word, I didn’t knew the word EMBOCH, now I know, thanks!

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Nitricc,

            No still there is a chance of Making clean the Lake Tana ..I am certain to see the nation clean of this EMBOCH..

            They are working on this one properly… you know it scientific method that is working in Bahir Dar university and Gonder university…examine this an natural enemy and get rid of Emboch..

            The people of Ethiopia and the government are doing their best. unlike your really ( no systems) group of dictator..

            ON MY PART WHAT EVER THE CASE IT IS ENOUGH !! I KNOW WHAT I AM DOING!!!

            KS,,

          • Nitricc

            Hi KS, come on now, let’s take it easy. first of all you should know it is not that easy to eliminate EMBOTCH. it is very difficult, time consuming and very expensive to a make any water body free of the Embotch. I can understand you will refuse to acknowledge but your corrupted TPLF is out of money and under extreme hard currency shortage. The Ethiopian government is broke! Just today they have devalued their Birr and soon they will revert to their initial plan of taxation, which is ridiculous. but they have no choice. The point is your TPLF thugs rapped the country in a broad day light, nothing is left to build the country nor to fight to eliminate Embotch from lake Tana. What ever the case it is enough is only good for Africa with African mentality. I know, isn’t ironic the dictator you love to hate is fighting to deth to save tiny rivers and toothless ponds while your TPLF thugs are sit tight while like lake TANA is dying? Ironic, indeed.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Hi Nitricc,

            I don’t care what TPLF is doing..I only see what is the reality ..the reality is far from what you imagined .. take it easy about Ethiopians… just care what your PFDJ is doing..

            — Without constitution and charter that Is the biggest crime..

            KS,,

          • Hi Nitricc,

            Why do you say that if a country devalues its currency, it is a sign of a broke economy (government). Many countries devalue their currency from time to time.
            One of the reasons is to make exports cheaper and imports expensive, the aim being to decrease trade deficit, (a sign of a functioning economy). Many nonessential items are imported (cosmetics, luxury cars, alcoholic drinks, fashion clothes, etc). What do citizens have to lose if some imported non-essential items become expensive and the money goes to more essential items produced, for e.g within the country.
            Currencies that do not function do not need devaluation, because they are devalued in the black market.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Horizon,

            What is going on in Ethiopia today.. please !!!

            https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FMcZjQ4AnE0&feature=youtu.be

          • Dear K.S.,

            I think it has to do with last year’s political crisis. The tplf/eprdf officials are interpreting it as a concerted action by the anti-peace forces of olf and g7 with the help of shabia.

            The points they have brought forward as a solution to the existing failures of the government that were exploited by the anti-peace forces are important and necessary. Nevertheless, what matters most is that it does not remain a political talk and that it is implemented.

            What I do not know is how much of what the two officials have said have already been put in in place, how much remains to be done, and how much remains to be forgotten, until it is discussed again in the next crisis. In other words, are they talking the talk, or will they walk the walk.

            The last crisis showed that ethiopians have either to sink or swim together. There is no other way. No one single group will ever come out the winner at the expense of others. I hope that everybody had a takehome lesson to ponder on.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Horizon: the way your most corrupted thug, Abay Tsahaye talks about Shaebia, one gets the idea that Shaebia is an Ethiopian opposition group. It is amazing how the word Shaebia, sends chills down Abay Tsahaye and the rest of TPLF thugs. What they should know is that Shaebia will live for ever i.e. they shall live in fear.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Horizon,,

            They are very practical people..They have scientific method and style…They never give up in working..Those two are the best in that group ..I never fail to witness..

            “What I do not know is how much of what the two officials have said have already been put in in place, how much remains to be done, and how much remains to be forgotten, until it is discussed again in the next crisis. In other words, are they talking the talk, or will they walk the walk.”

            Trust me those guys are talking about the reality in Ethiopia..

            KS..

          • Teodros Alem

            Hi kokhob slema
            What is the politics of this emboch thing? As far as i know it happed 5 years ago but nobody talked about it and now the minute they controlled 98% of it the media and u guys r all over it. Why?

          • Kokhob Selam

            Hi Teodros Alem,

            I don’t know much about it !! As child when I was very young I was swimming in Lake Tana. I was really eating the fish and now I am here to serve my Lake….Any objection Teodros ?

            KS,,

          • Teodros Alem

            Hi
            No objection. Am just wandering about who brought the seeds from aboard since the seeds is not local. U used to swim there waw. Me i was there 4 month ago for the first time in my life, if u see bahir dar now u will cry out loud for sure . the emboch the mess

        • Nitricc

          Hi Horizon; Is it self cleansing that is going on or self disintegration; Even Aba-Dula, yes the same Aba-Dula who he built roads in Eritrea with his labor, The same Aba-Dula who made him who is, TPLF, fears TPLF no more, he resigned and he handed his resignation document to OPDO not to EPDRF that should tell you what is going on your country. At least give to the so-called prime minister! Heads up, any time things can be—

          • Hi Nitricc,

            What are the chances that a pfdj official would resign from his position while he is still in eritrea? None. Usually they do it from a safe place, from a western country. This is the difference between the two governments.
            I do not think that Aba Dulla resigned from his party, but from the position of the speaker of parliament, whatever that means in relation to the federal government.

      • saay7

        His Fantiness:

        Wink twice if you agree with the assessment below:

        1. EPRDF is firmly in power; but TPLF is no longer in control of EPRDF.

        2. OPDO and ANDM have created a united front to challenge TPLF monopoly. I have seen this movie before said TPLF and went looking for a new partner: Somali party (which, to my knowledge is allied but not member of EPRDF.)

        3. But it really is a new movie: the Somali State doesnt know how to play byzantinism.

        4. All the throwaway lines that were put in Federalism to quiet the regions–laws, statutes that were never meant to be used–are now being used. And now it is the Regions vs the Fed, and the Fed is losing.

        5. So now the test: can federalism hold when the center tears at the seams? Can federalism work without a strong center? And now that it is poised to assume power, what will perennial loser OPDO do to mess things up?

        saay

        • Nitricc

          Selamat SAAY; If I were TPLF, I will present three agenda in Mekelle conference and with main point being how to exit. My point as TPLF will be, How can I keep my wealth if the inevitable change comes?
          which one of the three points will guarantees me safe exit and intact with my embezzled rich’s?
          One, Should we use force and continue our domination and affirm TPLF superiority.
          Two, Let’s make sure intensifies the conflict between Somalia and Oromo. between Amhara and Oromo, that way while they are fighting at each other, we will step in and manage the problem. That way, they will never unite to endanger our domination.
          Three, Admit; Time is up! call for fresh start for Ethiopia. get in to the table and start dialoguing about everything.
          I say point number two serves my agenda better while destroying Ethiopia.

          • Nitricc,

            You said, ‘i say point number two serves my agenda better while destroying ethiopia.’
            Nitricc, don’t do something silly if your wish is not fulfilled, because it will never be fulfilled, and you seem to be young. It will be a pity. What happened to the egyptians? Tired of waiting.

          • Teodros Alem

            Hi
            Why step out of your job? I thought your job is to approve (to make it look like tplf is right) tplf’s false tell of amara to eritreans.amara hate arab, amaras stinking bla bla . u, kem and ABi .at the same time there is fanti with assignment to tell how tplf is in love of eritrean people . u guys are funny. There are also pretenders

          • Nitricc

            Hi Horizon: I think you miss understood me. I didn’t say this way my idea, i am just predicting what your TPLF thugs might be discussing in their Mekelle conference. So, relax i am not TPLF! The point is TPLF is holding the tail of the tiger, what do you do with it? that is the question.

        • Fanti Ghana

          Selamat Saay,

          God help us from adherents of centralism!

          EPRDF is in a major transformation process. Among other things, it looks more self-assertive.

          The process of building democracy will continue.

          Oppositions will participate more productively and our election system will be modified to better reflect current realities.

          The next major tasks for EPRDF are 1) continue development, 2) increase public participation in national issues, 3) strengthen national unity, and 4) continue tackling corruption as it has already began.

          These are the highlights, but the details meant translating 10 pages of President Dr. Mulatu’s recent speech in his address of the house of representatives. Thank you very much.

          PS:
          Let’s become real politicians. Look the other way now, and I will support you in your struggle for centralism instead of federalism struggle.

          • Ismail AA

            Dear Fanti,
            What you are telling show good signs of healthy political atmosphere of democracy in transition which is more often rife with clashes of interests and aspirations. Let us hope the Ethiopian elites will respond to the challenges of the time of avoiding all reasons for discord and reinforcing every elements that cement unity. As well wishing neigbours in the region it’s in our interest that democracy succeeded in Ethiopia. We are aware of the ramifications of the Horn’s giant’s collapse because we could also be burried in its debris. No sane neighbour would wish that.

          • Teodros Alem

            Hi
            What is democracy mean for tplf
            1,the minute there is democracy tplf will withdrew from occupied territories (walekiat….)
            2, the minute there is democracy tplf will lose all the extra benefit from the federal gov.(will be treated like the rest of the kilils according to the size and potential)
            3,without #1and 2 imagine tigrai will look like. Forget development, they probably will go back to 1977E.C.. So there is no way tplf allow democracy with this kind of federal system. They have to make everything up side down before democracy and that will take another 30-40 years

          • Nitricc

            Your Fittness! Not you! if this was said by anyone on this forum, I wouldn’t bother to object but from your Fittnnes? NO! you said ” 4) continue tackling corruption as it has already began.” Are you for real? do you want start tackling the corruption problem in Ethiopia? Then begin with Abay Tsahaye, Aba-Dula, Genral Dagnew of Maytake, Azeb Mesfin just to mention a few. what they have arrested is low level merchants which combined money they embezzled was not even 10 million Birr. The government did that to fool the Ethiopian people. It is my opinion as long as this government is in power, no one can arrest any one in the name of corruption; they are all in it. so, it is natural to arrest low level people to arrest.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selam Nitriccay,

            Corruption, as visible as it is, is hard to prove especially on those in high positions. One can’t just walk into minister’s office and blast away “I think you are stealing.” The problem usually is that there may be plenty of probable causes but not solid proofs.

            The good news for now is that a new and sophisticated department is under construction as we speak, and its sole purpose will be to monitor “good governance” and “rent seeking.” It will have the power and resources needed to accomplish its task and it will answer only to selected few.

            Of course, this does not mean corruption will be eliminated for good, but it won’t be as easy and to the extent of affecting governance as much as it does now. Cross your fingers!

          • woldeab

            Dear Fanti Ghana,
            It really should not be hard to find out which one of these ministers is corrupt or not. A very simple forensic accountant should be able to uncover the ill gotten wealth.
            I bet this new department will be manned by Tigreans just like the security apparatus, the “tele” the “gumruk” the ” immigration office” .
            Ain’t this what we call the fox guarding the hen house?

          • Fanti Ghana

            Hello weldeab,

            It is not that simple. If all it takes was “a simple forensic accounting” to deal with corruption it would have been eliminated from the world by now.

            What and by whom is supposed to be done in the event the authority supposed to authorize to investigate or not happens to be the corrupt official? What should the probable causes be for someone to be investigated?

            Having a lavish lifestyle disproportionate to one’s salary could be one probable cause, but if that person has no direct access to any thing remotely close to government finance, where does one begin to even initiate an investigation?

            having a lot of money is not enough! That was one reason EPRDF was talking about new regulations to have high government officials declare their property and holdings not long ago.

            The ground work to better tackle corruption is underway.

            I am intentionally skipping the betting part, but if you promise not to disappear for months, I will say a few words.

          • Nitricc

            Your Fittnes; It is my strong opinion TPLF can’t be reform. I let listen to this guy and I tend to agree with him. He expresses exactly what I feel about Weyane. I relay believe the people of Tigray are screwed by the greedy TPLF. Your Fitnnes, tell me what you think. it very short to the point clip.

            https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LgK8YwW710Y

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selam Nitriccay,

            I am sure he really believes what he is saying. He doesn’t strike me as someone make up a story for political end. It is also undeniable that there are some hardliners who exhibit never ending grudge toward Eritrea and feed into what he is talking about.

            However, some TPLFites also say exactly the same thing, almost word for word, about Eritrean politics and leadership. I personally had decided a long time ago to follow my intuition and approach every issue in case by case bases.

            There is no historical, social, political, or scientific bases for these two good people to be enemies of one another. For some weird reason a number of our elites don’t seem to get this simple fact.

          • Kokhob Selam

            Dear Fanti Ghana,

            you are doing fine …great ! What clear stand!

            KS,,

          • Paulos

            Selam Fantination,

            In my opinion, it was poorly planned strategy to have the old guards as in Addisu Legesse, Tefera Walwa, Kassu Ellala, S’youm Mesfin, S’bhat Nega among others retire and to have them replaced by the so called Fresh-Blood. The latter obviously do not have the capacity to handle pressing issues where the hard-to-contain last year’s uprising in Gonder areas attested to that effect.

            Moreover, it is natural for the political parties or organs with in EPRDF to compete against each other and to have a tendency to be suspicious against each other as well where as the funny adage has it, if one scratches the surface of OPDO, one may find OLF underneath. The same goes about the popularity contest between TPLF and EPDM. Porcupine paradox seems to be at play where the parties can not get too close to each other but they need each other to survive. Survive they will if they reform the election by-laws and open up more political space for nations more often than not slide into decay if they fail to respond to the new rising demand of social groups with specific interests.

          • Nitricc

            Greetings P; you said ” In my opinion, it was poorly planned strategy to have the old guards as in Addisu Legesse, Tefera Walwa, Kassu Ellala, S’youm Mesfin, S’bhat Nega among others retire and to have them replaced by the so called Fresh-Blood.”
            I disagree! it was brilliant plan to get rid of the Addisu and the Tefera’s out the way from the political arena while Siyum and Sibhat went nowhere. They went out through the door in the name of young blood substitution and they came back through the window. The truth is Siyum and Sibhat are still on it while the Tefera’a are out all together. it was a plan to get rid of the unwanted and it worked very well.

          • Paulos

            Nitrikay,

            You probably have a point but I say this: Let’s wait what Fantination has to say about it for he has a better grasp than the rest of us in this forum combined.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Dr Paulos,

            EPRDF is a “United Front party” of four organizations akin to the united front of ELF-PF* in early 70s. The composition of their leadership is made up of 36 persons, 9 from each organization (courtesy T.Kifle). The suspicion and fierce competition is natural. Frictions and quitting is natural even within single a party let alone in such “complex front party.” A united front party has advantage always over single party to win an election in a diversified society with a history of frictions. Therefore, EPRDF can be challenged only if the existing opposition parties could form similar front. I believe the oppositions in the 2005 election was in a similar fashion to that EPRDF, and that is why they won around 200 seats, though they decline to take their seats to continue the parliamentary regular order, complaining of irregularities. Imagine if the seats they won would have taken it, they could have increased their seats in the following election cycle 2010 and 2015. But the “third world politics” is always damn, they don’t believe on incremental success on elections. If they don’t won it, they sabotage the national politics to the extent, detrimental to their existence in the national politics. That is exactly what happened to the oppositions in the Ethiopian politics. I hope the current opposition will learn from the debacle of 2005 in the coming elections. Besides drafting new election laws jointly (EPRDF and Oppositions) will pave a new road to fair election to strengthen their federal institutions. They have all the political infra-structures if they improve the trust building within their diversity.

            regards

          • Kokhob Selam

            Yes Dr. Amanuel Hidrat,

            Exactly that EPRDF Is multiparty system. The opposition are not doing well, so most probably the will fail.. I am expecting soon Ethiopia will be in mess while Tigray will recognized as nation..but hey that is not good for us …

            KS,,

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Kokhobay,

            Could you please address me as ” Amanuel”. I don’t have “Dr” credential and avoid to address me as such.

            Second, the opposition will not fail as far as they know that success in political election is incremental, and as far as they know to win election in the Ethiopian realities is forming similar front like that of EPRDF. A single party from Tigary or Oromo, or Amara, or from the rest minorities groups can not win on national election. Single parties are good within the states or (Kelil). Second, I don’t think the Ethiopian national politics is in crises, though there are many unsettled problems and should be handled with wisdom carefully. In multicultural society, trust building among the social groups is very hard. Mistrust always drags progress. So EPRDF must work hard to open fair elections and slowly must devolve more power to the kilils.

            Regards

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Emma,

            In a normal situation, I don’t think the winning party have any obligation to make the election process “fair” to help the opposition win seats. They have not won the seats because the people did not vote for them.

            I know what you are saying incremental win should evolve to winning majority but that’s not necessary the case. It’s possible any party can win election the first time it run, if it appeals to the people.

            I am really hard pressed to believe that the people have no better alternative and that they are voting for EPRDF. EPRDF have done a lot for the country and that’s a good thing, but people being people, they like change no matter where they are. And given the right circumstances, specially with all “no so positive” news that is coming from the country, in any other country, EPRDF would be lucky if they can win 50% let alone the majority.

            I think they have a “unfair advantage” over the other parties. I don’t think the campaigning, the finance, the media is the same for the other parties, not to mention the security.

            All this talk about “sharing” or “changing” the election laws to give shares in the parliament, in my opinion is not the real solution. It’s better than nothing but say having 25% from the opposition in the parliament, what good will do. They still will be powerless and nothing changes as far as governing goes, except in stead of having people affiliated with EPRDF you have other people from another party.

            I agree 2005 the opposition should have accepted the results and should have build on it.

            Berhe

          • Fanti Ghana

            Hello Mr. Amanuel Hidrat,

            You really have a clear understanding of what is happening. As you well know, we are not accustomed to political growth and transformations in our history. Power was always snatched from predecessors at a gun point. The young generation that would have changed the nation would be lost in wars to help rulers to the throne to do exactly the same thing allover again.

            This is our time to make it or break it. Although there is a strong indication that we may be out of the woods, it is always prudent to work the rest of the homework very carefully. As political leaders can shape the society society can also shape its leaders, and in Ethiopia, both are taking place very fast.

            As you said, fair elections and openness are paramount to consolidate all the political and economic gain Ethiopia is enjoying right now. As they say, a house is easier to demolish than to build.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Fanti Ghana,

            Ethiopian politics and their economy is in a good footing now. The political super-structure is well grounded to shape the Ethiopian politics for generation. The political infra-structures should be improved to serve to all political parties. The economic foundation and their infra-structures are in the right direction. The remaining vital to the social lives of their diversity such as education and public health are growing in a fast pace. To maintain the current progress Ethiopians must focus on the political stability, and all the political parties must be matured and responsible to make the interest of their people in the front burner. To borrow Abi’s word that Ethiopian people demands more “Dabo” than anything, and to borrow PM Meles’s dream, the Ethiopian people needs “three meals a day” than anything. That is the secret of winning the heart of the people and eventually the winning of political power.

            Regards

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selam Paulos,

            Although Mr. Amanuel has explained the makeup of EPRDF and its expected behavior very well, I would like you to consider a new but too visible to ignore political class in the making in Ethiopia.

            The next to the Ellalas and Mesfins generation of politicians seem to be less concerned with where they are from as opposed to what their ideals are. They are not being vocal yet but they are there and it is pleasantly surprising to have happened this soon in our ethnic based young politics, but it is a game changer and an indication of major growth in our politics and otherwise.

            The younger politicians seem to be attracted to one another based on their outlook instead of whether one belongs to their organization or their kelil. The clues are there and hopefully we will see new organizations forming based on ideology instead of clan-hood in our life time.

            The economic growth is creating a middle class at an impressive speed. Middle classes naturally are less interested in politics in general and even less of ethnic politics. Instead they will be concerned with their wealth and well being more than anything else. That is one reason why some believe that if those less interested in ethnic based politics do form political organizations the middle class is already poised to support them. Again this is based on initial indicators, but it is very interesting indeed.

            Paulosay, the bottom line is that something is cooking in Ethiopia. We just don’t know whether it is shiro or doro. In either case, we are not going to bed empty stomach!

          • Paulos

            Fantination,

            Thank you so much for the great insight. You raised an interesting point where it is something of uncharted territory to the very least with in Ethiopia’s historiography including the political dynamics. The rise of the middle class. In any society, middle class plays a pivotal role not only it is essentially a hot engine of the economy but enjoys a swaying leverage with in the political nuts and bolts as well. Recognizing this vital ingredient can be a litmus test if a state is self-generating or self-destructive of its own making.

            One of the political discourses that marvels political scientists and think tanks alike is the inner workings of China. How does a unitary party manages to govern with an incredible efficiency circa 1.5 billion people? The genius if you will is listening to the murmurs of the middle class and adjust the system accordingly in a bid to address the middle class’ short and long term objectives.

            As it happens, Ethiopia is insulated with an ethnic based politics where the unity is too fragile and yet too strong to fall apart. The trick is common interest of the competing entities. For instance, there is no reason for the Oromos to break away when it is much more practical to improve the lives of the people with in Ethiopia proper. Certainly, the concern could always be there, if they are going to break away once they are economically sound but as you have aptly put it, the passage of time produces a new generation where it’s priority is pragmatism as opposed to ethnic affiliation ala the hung up of the older generation. Again thank you.

          • Selam Paulos,

            I have a slightly different opinion. I do not think that the problem is replacing the old guards, but putting an old wine in a new bottle, i.e. forcing their old political ideas and modus operandi on the fresh blood, and not giving them a free space to show their merits. The above mentioned individuals have shown their merits and demerits on many occasions. In actual fact one can say that ‘ሩቅ አልሄዱም ዞር አሉ’, and they are pulling the strings from behind the scene.

            In my opinion, the foundation of ethiopia’s economic policy should remain developmental state, for no other reason but for the mere fact that it has given good results. Democracy should be made the water and the fertilizer that would nourish the economy, so that it shows a continuous growth, and democracy must be left to the new blood.

            The only other way to handle the last crisis other than using self-restraint was to use more force that could have made things get out of control. The mistake was to let things reach that stage by leaving many problems unresolved, thus giving the excuses to anti-peace forces.

            As to the breaking away of oromia in your other post, it is an issue that interests the pro-independence olf oromo activists and elites more than the oromo people in general. It is more or less similar with catalonia’s independence drive from spain, we saw lately. The main reason is power. They have the most developed autonomy in europe with their own police, educational system and language in schools and they participate equally in the federal government. In addition, there demand for independence is due to, we are the most developed region of spain, (industrialized, high income from tourism, contributing 20% to spain’s gdp with the highest per capita income compared to the rest of spain). Why should we share it with others.

            In actual fact those who voted for independence with more than 90% of the votes were only 43% of the population who went to vote, and on the contrary, there is a large majority of catalans who are opposed to independence. Nevertheless, it is the minority’s voice that is vociferously heard. Can you imagine it, many are afraid of a civil war, if catalans go ahead with independence. Civil war, in europe and in this age, is mind boggling, to say the least.

            Similarly, the majority of the oromo people want to live in peace, prosperity, equality, and democracy, and they know that they can achieve all of these if they work together with the other social groups. Some of their elites say, why share with others the riches of oromia, as if the rest of the country is not contributing any thing to the country’s gdp. It is a fact that an oromo should be at the helm of power one day, and that should be in the united states of ethiopia. Unfortunately, again, it is the minority’s voice, that of the elites and olf activists, that is heard strongly, and the majority is made voiceless.

          • Paulos

            Selam Horizon,

            Well put. I agree with most of the points you raised. It was rather, “Be careful you might get what you ask or pray for” when TPLF, the major organ was faced with a daunting challenge in 1991 far tougher than what it had faced to get rid off the Dergue. It was simply the numbers. In a very complex society where the breath-in and breath-out is mistrust and suspicion about anything and everything, less than 6% to reign over close to 80 million people of myriad hues was untenable and impractical. TPLF had to offer not stick and bread but bread and bread instead simply because the alternative is not the break up of Ethiopia but the very existence of the Front would be at stake.

            OLF is ranked second to EPLF with in a time line of declaring independence as a Front but it had nothing to show for and for all practical purposes, EPRDF capitalized on its selling points where Oromia could be better off with in Ethiopia proper. The rationale to allocate much of the distributive income in Oromia is not only based on population-quota but based on political expediency and considerations as well to the extent where more often than not Meles was accused of aligning with OPDO elites at the expense of his base.

            Again, selling democracy and economic prosperity or growth was not only the way forward but it was the only way if EPRDF particularly TPLF was to see the time of day. I would also argue that, Eritrea’s failure to live up to its potential and to be able to stand on its own with two ports at its own disposal may have lent credence to the rationale for Oromia to stay put with in Ethiopia proper.

            To get back to the dynamics or lack thereof between the old guards and the new blood, it was politically shrewd strategy to have the old guards replaced but I would still argue that the timing was premature for the very fact that the sudden depurture of Meles caught everyone including the old guards off guard. All of a sudden, they found themselves in a frightening political reality sans the man who literally micromanaged crucial decision making for over 40 years. I think, last year’s out of hand social uprising was precisely because of that, it wouldn’t have happened if Meles was still around. The instigators saw a lacuna and the new blood with a fading shadow of the old guards were at a lose on how to handle it.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Horizon; well this illustrates the current situation in your country….

            https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DMA1TAcUEAAYKUS.jpg:small

          • Hi Nitricc,

            I bet there will come a day when you start wishing good for ethiopia, and start blasting dia. Cool down, it is not going to be the end of the world.
            Anyway, you have an imagination, I should say. Well, it could be either a bursting balloon or one of the old spaceships. Not entirely a bad wish for ethiopia. Don’t get disappointed, she is going to be the spaceship of the horn, and you are going to see her fly one day. 😂

          • Nitricc

            Hi Horizon; it was my hope that you know that there is a difference between TPLF and Ethiopia. You must be a Tigryan to fail to know the difference.

    • Teodros Alem

      Hi
      U said” when the amhara elites were ruling ethiopia” r u talking about derg? U also said “the amara ethnic group was accused of being the beneficiary ” who accused them outside the tplf? (Don’t tell me olf … They don’t represent the oromo people at the time) The amara group that u talking did they believe that they were amhara at that time? Gogam, wello, gonder and shawa may know that among the poorest” How do u know? is there any study that u will like to share us? Skip about education let it be as u said. I just wanna learn.

  • blink

    Dear Thomas
    You supposed to not bring it all because no one is telling you about his private life either, what I know is you fabricated things all the way up to the way you see yourself. It means you are a manipulative, impulsively shrewd guy, which way do you want to go ? Second you asked me if I ever changed my NM from hope to blink, third you have been here acting like Ethiopian but say you are Eritrean , what I find it irrelevant is your private life but with that comes your hallow imagination ,Manipulative people have mastered the art of deception. They may appear respectable and sincere but often that’s just a facade. I wonder how you were in front of your PC when you think I will be kept in your travel stories to Ethiopia? Come on save me sir . Don’t you see when I describe people , I believe I am no one but an imaginary person with Nm and so do you.
    why do you waste my energy on describing your baby and sending my congrats message to you, shame ( Amel mis megnezz)? Sad but true ,we humans are different and so do our treats .People like you and your friends in this forum can be likened to a parasite , it would be seen as normal in the natural world and often acceptable relationship. In our case however, feeding off of someone at their expense is depleting, exhausting, weakening, and demeaning at worst nonexistent time.

    you have to apologies,if you haven’t tried it ,try it now because it is extremely the best behavior to humans. In my life I have apologized many times because I am not perfect but only after I felt at I have done wrong or accept someone once criticism if I think he or she deserves it. I have never ever tell a fake story about my personal life or any one but sometimes I have been told I am not fair on my criticism to people I disagree with , I mean in this forum or even in another forum ( here I have lashed out at people who I thought were unfair
    and have little regard for who gets hurt along the way.

    Tenazez how many stories do you fabricated? Try it here it is liberating after all you can see yourself for the first time .

    Shameful

  • Solomon: How much of this is a lie, and how much of it is the truth?
    http://www.ginbot7.org/effort-and-the-tplf-business-empire/

  • Selam All,

    Is a political crisis in the making in ethiopia? Two government officials seeking asylum in the usa and the speaker of ethiopia’s lower house of parliament resigning, due to the existence of circumstances that do not enable him to continue from his position (his words), w/o giving detailed explanation for the time being.
    What is really happening? Please, have your say.

    • Nitricc

      Hi Horizon; I keep telling you but, I will try again, this time I brought help in case you understood the magnitude of the problem in your country.

      “””ከሰሜን እና ከበስተ-ምስራቅ አቅጣጫ እየነፈሰ ያለው አውሎንፋስ መርከብዋን እያናጋት ይገኛል። ጫፍ ላይ ጉብ ያሉትን አስተናጋጆች እያንጠባጠበ የሚገፋው ሃይል እየበረታ መጥቶ፣ አሁን ከካፒቴኑ ቁጥጥር ውጭ የሆነ ይመስላል። ይህ ሁላችንንም የሚያስማማን መራራ ሃቅ ነው። ችግሩ እዚህ ላይ አይደለም። ግን… እየሰመጠ ካለው ከዚህ መርከብ ለማምለጥ የተገኘችውን ቀዳዳ እየተጠቀሙ የሚሾልኩትን ሁሉ “ጀግና” ብለን ለመጥራት እንደምን ይዳዳን?

      ራስን ማዳን እና ሃገርን ማዳን፤ በሰማይና በምድር መሃከል ያለ ርቀትን ያህል የተለያዩ ነገሮች ናቸው።
      ዘንግተነው ከሆነ ሟቹ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ይህ ስራዓት “በስብሷል” ብሎ ከተናገረ 10 አመታት አልፈውታል። ከ 26 ዓመታት በኋላ ደግሞ እነሆ ህወሃት ከርፍቶ መርገፍ ጀመረ። ችግሮቹ ግን እጅግ እየተባባሱ እንጂ እየተሻሻሉ አልመጡም። ይህ ስርዓት ዛሬ እንደ ውሃ እና መብራት ያሉ መሰረታዊ የሆኑ የሰው ልጅ ፍላጎቶችን እንኳን ማሟላት ተስኖታል። “በመለስ ግዜ በፈረቃ፣ ደብረጽዮን ግዜ በደቂቃ” እያለ ከተሜው የስርዓቱን ቁልቁል እድገት የሚነግረን ያለ ምክንያት አይደለም።

      ታዲያ በዚህ ሁሉ ረጅም ጉዞ አብረው ዘልቀው፣ አብረው በልተው፣ አብረው ጠጥተው፣ አብረው ዶልተው፣ አብረው ፈስተው፣ አብረው ሰርቀው፣ አብረው ዋኝተው፣ አብረው ቀልተው፣ አብረው አርደው፣ አብረው ቀብረው … አሁን ከድተናል ሲሉ በእርግጥ “ሃገርና ሕዝብን አስበው ነው? ወይንስ ራስን ለማዳን?” ብለን መጠየቅ ግድ ይለናል። ሃገርና ሕዝብ ለ26 ዓመታት እንደ አህያ ሲረገጡ እነዚህ ሰዎች መርከብዋ ውስጥ አብረው ነበሩ። እጃቸውን ሳይጠመዘዙ ከተዳሩበት የህወሃት የጋብቻ ትስስር በኋላ “ሰዎቹ አሜሪካ አገር ሲገቡ ውሉን ለምን አፈረሱት?” ብሎ የሚጠይቅ ብዙ አይታይም።
      እናም የብርጋዴር ጀነራል መላኩ እና የአቶ ሃይለማርያም ፕሮቶኮል መኮብለል፣ “ሰበር ዜና” ብለን የምንጠራው ነገር ሊሆን አይችልም። የሰዓቱ መፍረድ እንጂ፣ የነዚህ ሰዎች ሽሽት ፈጽሞ አይጠቅምም ማለትም አይቻልም። ቢያንስ የፖለቲካ ትኩሳቱን የግለት መጠን ይነግረናል። ሰበር የምንለው ግን ጀነራል ሳሞራ የኑስ ወይንም አይቴ ደብረጽዮን ቢኮበልሉ ነበር።
      ወትሮም ቤት የእግዚአብሄር፤ ቪላ ሁሉ የገብረ-እግዚአብሄር እየተባለ የሚተረትበት ሃገር፣ ባህር ማዶ ዘልቆ መጠለያ መፈለግ እንግዳ ነገር አይሆንም። ትግርኛ ተናጋሪ ያልሆኑ አገልጋዮች ሁሉ እንደ ብጻይ ደሳለኝ ከባዱን የሸክም ስራ ሰርተው ሲያበቁ፤ ደከሙ እንጂ ከዱ አይባልምም። የእነዚህን ቦታ በሌሎች ተሸካሚዎች ለመሸፈን፤ የ”ጥልቅ ተሃድሶ መተካካት” እንኳ የሚያሻ አይመስለኝም። እንደሰው ሳይሆን እንደ እንሰሳ ስለሚያዩዋቸው በመሄዳቸው ቅንጣት ያህል አይበርዳቸውም፣ ቅንጣት ያህልም አይሞቃቸውም።
      እኛ ግን ሳምንቱን በሁለት ሰበሮች እያሟሟቅን አሳልፈን፤ በሳምንቱ መዝጊያ ላይ ደግሞ የአባዱላ “ሰበር” ዜና ማህበራዊውን ድረ-ገጽ አጨናነቅነው። በጉዳዩ ላይ ጽዮን ግርማ በአሜሪካ ድምጽ ራዲዮ ያቀረበችውን ዜና ልብ ብሎ ላዳመጠ፤ እዚያ ሰፈር አንድ የሚሸት ነገር እንዳለ ይገነዘባል። ከሽፈራው ሽጉጤ መርበትበት እስከ ስልክ ዘግቶ መሸሽ፣ በአንዱ አቅጣጫ የሚሰማው ነገር፣ ከሌላው ጋር መጣረዝ፣ ከስብሰባው ጋጋታ እስከሽምግልና መሯሯጥ፣… ሁሉ የሙቀቱ መጠን መለክያዎች ናቸው። ህወሃት ለክፉ ግዜ ብሎ ያስቀመጣት የሶማልያ ጥይትም የከሸፈችበት ይመስላል። አሁን ለርዓቱ እድሜ ማራዘምያ የቀረ ነገር የለም። ሁሉም ካርዶች ተመዝዘዋል። ይህ የመጨረሻው ካርድ ግን በክሽፈት ብቻ አላበቃም፤ ይልቁንም በራሱ በስርዓቱ ላይ መዘዝ ይዞ የመጣ ነው የሚመስለው። አባዱላን ሳይቀር አዳልጦ ያስተነፈሰ መዘዝ።””””

      I couldn’t stop laughing on this one ” ወትሮም ቤት የእግዚአብሄር፤ ቪላ ሁሉ የገብረ-እግዚአብሄር እየተባለ የሚተረትበት ሃገር
      ” lol

      • Welcome Nitricc,

        You are among the first invitees i was expecting. You came with a diaspora politician friend; not bad at all. Their problem is that they draw a foregone conclusion before they see any development, and they always make a big mistake.

        Do you know የሀበሻ ፍልስፍና፣ concerning እግዚአብሄር፤ ገብረ-እግዚአብሄር፤
        አባቱ ዳኛ፣ ልጁ ቀማኛ፣
        ሲሾሙ ያልበሉ፣ ስሻሩ ይፀፅታል፣

        Or, የሀበሻ dialectics,
        ካልደፈረሰ አይጠራም፣

        I am not worried at all. It is a sign of natural growth and development to a better tomorrow. Stagnation kills, while evolution has the opposite result.

        • Paulos

          Selam Horizon,

          Let me share with you something rather interesting I noticed last time when I was in Addis. As it happened, a friend of mine who lives in Addis was invited to a birthday party and I tagged along with him. And the place where the party was at was a huge beautiful Villa where the owner is one of the wealthiest people who owns multiple businesses. He is Gurage. His teenager son goes to one of the top private schools in the city. I was curious to know not only about the high-end school but the ethnic background of the students as well. I asked him. He gave me an estimate of the ethnic composition when he said, close to 65% are Gurage, and the rest are Amara, Oromo and Tigreans. And contrast the raw data with the politics of 18 Street in DC if you will.

          • Selam Paulos,

            The change in ethiopia has affected almost all social groups. But, politics is politics, and power corrupts, especially in a third world country. It does not meen that corruption is the problem of tplf only. It affects all ethnic groups and both the federal as well as the state governments. Remember ‘ሲሾሙ ያልበሉ፣ ስሻሩ ይፀፅታል፣’ is in human nature, and not only a habesha phenomenon.

            The nouveau riches have become a vogue, especially in addis, and they speak all the languages of ethiopia.

            I wish all ethiopians are as hard working as gurages. That was what we used to say when we were students. True or false it is said that gurages are the people who would said ‘why should I eat supper as long as I am not going to work and I am going to sleep’. This shows how much they respect work, money and investment. I do not think that they meddle in politics, because from what i know business has always been part of their life, and they deserved everything they achieved.

    • Mez

      Dear Horizon,

      The current government and the party in power, in Ethiopia, tried to strangulate the opposition since the 2005 election.

      This time it may eventually start to open up. This is my impression.

      Thanks

      • blink

        Dear mez and Horizon

        I think Ethiopia has done fantastic job on education and what happened with expanding education access is that more graduates every year , these students are coming to a very tightly controlled system and EPRDF can have both ways with growing educated society. These young men can never be hold to Sibhat nega or mrs melles telling , if a university graduate from AddisAbeba university knew the way and can not go because he doesn’t have the connection. How do you expect educated young men to believe EPRDF lies ? I mean the best way is to make them shareholders in every business of EPRDF or allow an opposition to fully operate equally.
        I think the EPRDF top brass are taking too much time to at least park the ship and repair it .They supposed to open up early,if they stumble now , it will be very very hard for any sensible force to take hold . The Oromo and Amhara opposition are simply looking after dangerous road and the main cause for this is TPLF heavy hand over ever inch of their critics, unbalanced share of the federal budget to regions was a huge material for any bad mouth opposition to hit the drum and corruption.Another thing is the military apparatus of EPRDF is simply unsustainable,I mean next to all the top military people are from Tigray and this I think is simply playing to the opposition playing card, how could a 4 party federal governments defense apparatus be owned by TPLF while you say Ethnic federalism ? They need to rain over this sooner if they have the chance to hold the love of the fake 4 party thing. I mean until some alternative is on board.
        If Ethiopia was not in love or the poster child of the west ,” we could have seen the sound of bullets from every direction.
        EPRDF has only to thank the west unless they are full of crap if you are from Oromo , Amhara and some from Tigray.

        The lies we have been told by some unholy people in this forum about making money and narratives similar to 4 tigers story of Asian countries is full of crap . The most annoying thing from all of this EPRDF failing ship is that our educate Amhara friends keep making it an ethnic issue and they blame the Tigray people, that is sad because the Tigray people don’t represent the EPRDF Haynes and thieves.

        • Mez

          Dear Blink,

          Well presented your views.

          Thanks

        • Nitricc

          Hi Blink; sorry my man, I normally enjoy reading but this one? I couldn’t pass the very first half of your opening sentence, that is ” I think Ethiopia has done fantastic job on education sector…” You can’t be more wrong and further from the truth. I know the pro Ethiopia will bombard you with false and drummed up numbers but the truth is the Ethiopian education system is destroyed from its roots. I will be surprised if it is the worst in the world, yes behind even Malawi. the last I check Malawi was on the bottom and I will bet you this time around is Ethiopia. It got to be, thanks to the TPLF thugs, Education is none existence in the land of Ethiopia. once the prestige’s Ethiopian education system, GONE!

          • blink

            Dear Nitricc
            I thought they have many universities , let’s just take 10% from every university or colleges and that number what ever the quality will not be believing mrs melles or abay weldu story , you know 10% from all colleges and universities is not easy number for a system that is tightly controlled and owned by few . I mean the perfect system for such controlled system is to lock down every leg of Ethiopians but yet they bragged about their democracy and even Obama tried his best while his lunatic UN representative laughed. By the way I have hard time with some agencies numbers because they sometimes make it politically impossible to believe.

          • Thomas

            Hi Blink,

            Now, I have to ask you a question that has been on top of my mind for a while. Are you the guy who used to write by the nickname “hope”? Except for your style of writing, your stands on ethipio-eri politics is very similar? I am sorry but you sometimes are also very unpredictable. You keep changing your stand to the point I cannot tell whether you are with the ethiopian opposition or with the Eritrean supporters group?? I am sorry that these questions are upfront but I need your clarification.

          • blink

            Dear Thomas
            Why would I change from hope to blink then ? Any reason from your perspective? ??No I am not , I do not change my NM, because I have no reason.
            Blink is attached to some thing that can take may be many hours for you but Tips ,,,if you want more pls google Tipping point .

          • Thomas

            Hi Blink,

            I just wanted you to know that people here know what they are talking about and most of stuff they talk about is about their real lives. Like what you see is what you get, there is nothing hidden that we cannot see. People are not trying to sell politics here, they talk about the known victims by a known criminals. No one here is in the selling and buying business. Everyone is trying to exemplify what they see. In short, people here talk about a tragedy of people and try to find mechanism of finding solution. It is not that complicated and it is about people asking their oppressors to leave them alone. So, I think you are lost in translations:) I suggest you try to save lives and that is all is needed.

          • blink

            Dear Thomas
            Neither do I , but it was you who asked me and I honestly replied that my NM is blink and it was not Hope or what so ever.
            If you think I am not telling you the truth about the NM , what can I do.

          • Hi Nitricc,

            You always speak of ethiopian universities in a very derogatory way. Can you tell us about the high quality eritrean universities, unless in your world having nothing is better than having something.

            Pfdj closed the only university you had, and eritreans are forced to flee their country risking their lives to be able to study in ethiopian universities. You do not appreciate it, because you do not care about their education. When are you going to live in the real world? When are you going to care?

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Blink,

          Below is a link top 30 universities in Africa in 2016. AAU stands in the top 16. It might help you in your argument with Nitrickay.

          https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/top-30-african-universities-times-higher-education-reveals-snapshot-university-ranking

          Regards

          • Teodros Alem

            What is the criteria to list which #1 or 30? I know AAU is not #1 university by number of students in ethiopia.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Tedros,

            Check the lists and their scores. AAU is not #1, it is # 16. It is based on performance metrics designed to meet the region’s specific challenges. It is not on number of students.

          • Teodros Alem

            Hi AH
            My q was AAU is not the largest university in ethiopia by number of department and students. It is the 2nd largest how come it is 16th in africa ahead of the 1st in ethiopia? Anyways i got it now . thank u.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Teodros, AAU is not the biggest University. Well it must be Alamaya University then, no? okay my friend, tell us who is the so-called university in Ethiopia? what a lot of people forget is, because you built a building and you call it university, it does not mean it is a University. Quality of education and the production of intellectuals is the key. And i highly doubt Aman’s destination as number 16.

          • Teodros Alem

            Hi
            Agreed. U right 90% of the so called universities not much better than high school. I think mekele is bigger the alamaya .they are the 3 biggest.

          • Mez

            Dear Nitricc,

            You may be not far from the truth.

            At least from the perspective of the Eritrean libation struggle, AAU is by far the number one producer of intelectuals of various levels–staring from dropouts all the way to graduates; We shall be thankful for that.

            The chronicles of the libation struggle depicts also how the quality of education is hovering over the head then.

            Hence Amanuel’s proposition is plausible.

            Thanks

          • Teodros Alem

            Hi
            Not staring from 2015

          • Mez

            Hi Teodros,

            I have no problem with that; but the current rulers in Asmara, who pass thru th AAMU, may be unhappy to get excluded.

            That would rob away their most memorable youth time.

            Thanks

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Nitrickay,

            I gave you the link and the study of the ranking. If you want to disprove them, challenge them by bringing similar studies that shows otherwise. That is not judgement by perception, it is by hard data, criteria, and parameters. Read it, you will find it how they did it. Hate always contaminate your perception and your judgement. Lastly, it is not my ranking.

          • Teodros Alem

            Hi AH
            Am sorry for saying. If u believe any data comes from the ethiopian gov u will be mistaken. The data for the public has to match thier ehnic poltics .the real data doesn’t show for the public.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Tedros,

            Check the link again provided by Solomon, the recent one as of 2017. Both reports are not from Ethiopia. You have both from 2016 and 2017. AAU ranked 16 and 20 respectively.

          • Teodros Alem

            Hi AH
            From where u think they got the data , the report? If they collect the data themselves u r right.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Tedros,

            Researchers do their study on site themselves. Otherwise, it is not a study.

          • Teodros Alem

            Hi Aman
            So u think researchers do thier researches on all ethiopian university sites? Thanks again.

          • Solomon T.

            Aman,

            And here is the latest ranking of the African Universities by the U.S News and World Report.

            https://www.usnews.com/education/best-global-universities/africa?page=2

            Solomon

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Solomon,

            Yes, this is the recent one as of 2017. Mine was from 2016 Ranking. Though four down, AAU is from the top 20. Thank you Seleye.

    • Kaddis

      Hi Horizon –

      For a country with few high level official resignation ( don’t read too much on the asylums: Junedin was high level but didn’t scratch the party ) it is a new phenomenon. Still, hard to declare a government in crisis. Trump had resignations party ..the latest Ambassador to Somalia …joking. Not comparable at all.

      However – the political movement is adding pace, the ruling coalition is going through an unknown phase, the youth is running a low level revolution, the political maturity is coming slowly but surely, some parties are negotiating on the side with the ruling party in the hope to change the electoral system to representation, radical nationalists views growing, the social media revolutionaries are trying their best to repeat the Arabspring with all the bad outcomes, although the revolution is already manifested in a different way because of given reasons…, the young who are being pushed to repeat the Arabspring also knows/ learnt from its outcome, very naïve Oromo activists who relent Oromo police’s violence but blame the TPLF, bash OPDO while in office and make them a jeganu when they resign, part of the society was surprised of the recklessness on the same activists and opposing in silence, the growing economy, … etc…. lists of factors which I feel as a resident but not necessarily being well analysed….

      One decisive element I see is the Federal structure is a well-established fact. As Professor Endrias Eshete once said – “the Federal system made coup d’état impractical – which government are you going to oust? Nine of them? ” You can extend his assertion ousting the government through a revolution looks impossible.

      Nonetheless; the Catanolia syndrome is there. Activists are playing their region is being robbed by the few and with the high level social media ( at times irresponsible ) activism against very sluggish government media; things may get worse, clannish. Looking forward – EPRDF knows well the ethno-nationalists weak spot. OPDO and the Oromia police are already being pardoned for dancing with the crowd. They look like they don’t mind being abused by their own. ( I am not talking about Eritrea (joke)). The opposition has finally started playing the ruling party’s game…wicked huh
      Cheers from Addis

    • sara

      ato Horizon,
      what is happening in Ethiopia is Ethiopian internal affairs and better discussed among Ethiopians in Ethiopian website.

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Dear Awaitstas,

    Breaking News: Yemane Monkey is pulled by government security from a meeting in Virginia, and is in detentions now.

    • Mez

      Hi Amanuel,
      They could send him back home saying don’t come back.

      I would say nothing much they woulddo.

      Thanks

    • Thomas

      Yes, Amma. He needs to feel how jail looks like at least. He is serving a dictator & had it been in Eritrea real court, capital panishment would fit for crimes committed by him. I hope America identifies this guy as the main person for putting people in detention centers denying their rights in the court of law.

    • Fanti Ghana

      Selam Mr. Amanuel,

      What exactly is his crime? Does this have anything to do with the sanction or raising money? Was there justifiable and an open warrant for his arrest? Although it is understandable for some people to want to rejoice, the fact that the US security can arrest a foreign official at will is disturbing.

      More details as soon as you find them please!?

      • Thomas

        Hi Fanti,
        He is a listed criminal by the U.S. & that has to do with the courts declaration of Jehad against Ethiopia & USA. This guy visited Somalia several times.

        • Fanti Ghana

          Selam negeregnaw Thomas,

          I know it is tempting, but I am more worried about the bigger picture.

          Mr. Amanuel shade some light on to the possible why in this case, but any country arresting a foreign official ought to make all of us take note. You know, what goes around comes around. We all must ask why, even the irony of ironies, defend him if possible, but at least stay neutral until all the details are known.

          • Thomas

            Hi Fanti,
            I’m sorry I don’t actually expect you to understand. I do not have sympathy for criminals. This guy & his boss have detained tens of thousands innocent ones & watching their victims until they die in their concentration camps. Yes what goes around comes around!! I don’t understand what you want me to say!

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selam Thomas,

            Sorry if I was unclear. There was/is nothing wrong with what you were saying and I completely understand it. I was just “thinking with my keyboard” on the long term potential consequences of US security arresting foreign officials. Otherwise, by all means, hammer away!

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam Fanti,
            .
            Changing subject, I have a message to you from Ras Abi. He said to tell you …atamtata.
            He responded to my inquiry, he seems to be the same Abi. He is operating under the assumption that he was banned. I told him to check his devices and try various ways. we will see.
            .
            He has sign off slogan too…..DABO FIRST.
            ,
            Mr. K.H

          • Selam Kim Hanna,

            If Abi has signed off ‘dabo first’, then he may be listening to the song below, although it does not express his feelings fully, because he misses nothing, may be awate friends, and we miss him a lot.

            Please, tell him, ‘ዳቦዉም አልጠፋ፣ ፍቅርም ከሆነ ሞልቷል የአስመራዋ ቆንጅት እስካለች ድረስ፣ ብለህ የአዋተ ግዋደኞችህን መርሳት ትክክል ነው ወይ።’

            ‘Banned’, i do not think is the right term, may be ‘misunderstanding’ of a sort.

            If it is still sunday in the western hemisphere, here is a song for you.
            https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PQGRv6zPZWM

          • Nitricc

            Hey Your Fittness: why are you so difficult? why can’t you just let them enjoy their wet dream? That is all they are having, a wet dream. Please them enjoy, that is the only time they can have it.

          • Thomas

            Hi Fanti,

            So, you think I am “negeregnaw”? Hahaha, you can call me an angry man (the angry bird character), but not “negram”:) By any chance, have you watched the kids movie “angry bird”? If yes (probably google the movie if you have time and watch it for me: it is a short movie and very funny one). This bird had to pass through lots of troubles to deliver a birth day cake for another bird, but it was not appreciated by the the bird who ordered the cake. The angry bird puts the cake on the face of the angry customer and walks away:) So, this is to say, I am standing here for the truth and I don’t want anyone to stay on my way:)) I am a very angry man:))

          • blink

            Dear Thomas
            Isn’t it a game series ? I thought it is a game that you have to play it yourself and the bird depends on your skill to pass all the obstacles and score more points.

          • Thomas

            Hi Blink,

            Yes, you are right it is a movie series. However, the one I am talking about is not a game series, it is just kids movie series. I think there two parts so far. I think have watched part 1 & 2.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Thomas, there is nothing crazy within Nitricc, I only know two kinds of people who go to Ethiopia to just get married. One are the once too old to get anything in the US, so, they go there and marry half their age and looking stupid in public. An the other once are simply rejected by all the women in their surrounding and so desperate they go to Ethiopia to find their fara type, the question is where does Thomas stand between the two groups? Lol why do I have a feeling the latter. hahahah, how could you not find a woman in the USA? do you know how many women are here? you can’t find one? hell no!

          • blink

            Dear Nitricc
            The best thing about this is that Thomas was in Ethiopia to get married, the one thing remaining thing is if “she is Ethiopian or Eritrean , nothing wrong with any of the two but I would like to know.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Blink, the way kissing behind the Weyane, she must be from Tigray, Adi-Grat. lol

          • blink

            Dear Nitricc
            She must be from one family in which her father is a free tax company in Addis due to his long service in Tigray as administrator of one Kebele then . Poor Eyob and T.kifle ,,,, that is a joke, I made it now.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Blink I have always wondered why he is up in arms defending the weyane, now it all makes sense. I wonder if he have Ethiopian ID card. Can tell you though, people like Thomas are danger to both people of Eritrea and Ethiopia.

          • blink

            Dear Nitricc
            I believe these people are in denial that Eritrea as country must have its way . I mean such people tried hard to make Eritrea as a bastardized nation in a very bad time from Ethiopia , we have been telling them that Eritrea is in equall distance with Sudan , Ethiopia and arabs but more bloody with Ethiopia, yet they keep making outlandish statements ,like Habesha , marriage,,, name it . They don’t see Eritreans get mingled with Sudanese. Thomas thinks Tigray is more close than Kessela , that is mind boggling crazyness.

          • Nitricc

            Selam Blink; I know it is going to be a big problem. We are going to need a strong leader who can deal with this great danger. My fear is that culturally is getting a big gap between Ethiopia and Eritrea while the food, the language and inter marriages are happening, this will cause a big problem down the road. Thanks To China and Greedy TPLF Ethiopian proud culture is eroding. Their street dogs are hunted, their beloved donkeys are slaughtered in thousands, gay cultures are in open, dependency on aid is accepted culture, I don’t want any of this ugly things in my Eritrea. NO! so, in the future we need to deport people like Thomas, they are contaminated, hahahahahahahah I can’t wait till I get to deport Thomas lol

          • blink

            Dear Nitricc
            We can hire the Saudi cultural police then ,After all they are out of position since their service is not needed in Saudi, but but I question People like Haile zeru’s honesty ,the foot solider of of our own revenge managers . If the time comes that your idol man resigns and the Eritreans get a chance , such people will never ever set a foot in Eritrea because they don’t belong there.

          • Thomas

            Hi Nitricc,

            Now, stop making me laugh, stupid!! LOL

          • Thomas

            Blink,

            I cannot stop laughing. Let me give you a clue, she is super Eritrean and she is super smart, super nice and beautiful:) Trust me, I got really lucky. But she needs to keep being nice to me though or if not she is out of my life:) Sorry, that is just me:)

          • Thomas

            Hey Blink,

            Sorry everything was a joke, but I am glad you had lots of fun:)

          • Thomas

            Hi Nitricc,

            I dumped the one I had here and brought a brand new one. From the time I ready you here, I always think you are the most “fara” that someone can get. If you were cool, you wouldn’t be a worshiper. Let me tell you something, all those who are worshiping the dictator back home are “fara” people like yourself. They take Issayas as their own and for that they support him. Hagereseb wahid!!

          • Nitricc

            Hi Thomas, there is no need for playing games. No one who is not desperate going to Ethiopia to just marry, No one. so, are you that old and you went there to marry a young woman or just rejected fara who couldn’t find a woman in the US has to go al the way to Ethiopia? what kind of person on the right mind is going to pend all that cost, process and all that BS while there are hundred’s of millions of women are in here next to you. Like I have said, it is okay you must one of the rejected, I feel you, it is okay hahahahahahahah dumb.

          • Thomas

            Hi Nitricc,

            I know you still have hagereseb looks and that is why you cannot find a woman. Sorry, it is not my fault. By the way, I had a beauty one and I left her for you. However, she never likes “the geteriye” ones. Moreover, you are backward and so repulsive. I guarantee you, you will die alone.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Thomas, i do understand you do what you did, I get it. Although I couldn’t comprehnd how you failed to find even the choppy one, forget the beauty, but a fat one here in you us and you have to go all the way to Ethiopia. wow. for me, don’t worry the day i go to Ethiopia to find a woman, I will kill myself, i won’t wait to die a natural death. hahahahhhah you are killing me lol. I hope she doesn’t leave you though. i heard stories. you better be nice to her, or else, gone! lol

          • Thomas

            Hi Nitricc,

            You sound like you are having fun. You see I made up a story to get you and here you are. How dumb can you be for me to bring here my private life and post to ready low classes such as yourself- like that. I indirectly invited you when I mentioned your nickname to Blink. Blink fall into the story at a speed of light and as I expected you jumped to say your bla bla as usual. Let me tell something, you will never hear me talking about my private life. I am proud of my accomplishments and i refrain talking about it with sort of your types. It would be going to low!!

          • Nitricc

            Hi Thomas, you can insult Blink and I but please don’t insult your readers. They are very intelligent and they can sniff your BS. No worries have fun with your Lete-Tsadqan from Adi-Grat hahahahah
            how is Letiye doing lol

          • Thomas

            Hi Nitricc,
            Still confused “at fare”. Now, you are entitled to your opinion!!

          • blink

            Dear Thomas
            How much is too much on someone’s accomplishments?

          • Nitricc

            Hi Blink, let me answer for our friend Thomas, His greatest accomplishment comes brining Lete-Tsadiqan to the US.

          • Thomas

            Hey Nitricc -That is a good one. You are hagereseb and you don’t seem to like hegeresebs like you, strange:! I am sure you have lots of Lete-Tsadiqan, ethiopia, letehariat, lete gerima in your family tree. History has proven that those with inferiority complex like to say things to cover themselves. I am sure your decedents are from the people you like to dispose or trash. Your father could be from the abebe, kebede, or tadese family tree. Go and search your family tree and come to tell me about yourself.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Thomas, I know what you mean. Just be carful, for every Lete-Tsadiqan you bring there are Gebre-Anenia’s waiting on the wing lol. You better take care of Lete-Tsadqan,d o what ever she asks….. hahahahahah

          • sara

            Nitricc Dear,
            the ongoing duel is getting nasty and boring to say the least, can we be a little bit sensitive to the seniors in this forum and stop making fun of women and of course our heritage.
            bro, nit you are one of a kind and most of the awtistas do like you and some are
            even struck with your out of the box’s thoughts , but this time you are lowering yourself by dueling with //// and on non issue.

          • blink

            Dear Thomas
            Congratulations for your baby and I hope the new born baby loves his origin country”Eritrea” , I mean I am betting on his mother lol , you know I have to be honest with you that you fall short from my perception, I feel you gave too much because of the traps made by few unfair people story telling, how could you not see Eritrea beyond PFDJ ?

          • Thomas

            Hi Blink,

            “How could you not see Eritrea beyond PFDJ?” My answer: PFDJ is pushing my young brothers and sisters to leave the nation they love in droves and I can tell you even at the very this minute. I don’t have time to rest or talk non sense like some people are doing here. Real Eritreans see the sense of urgency and it is the eradication/mass migration of the Eritrean people that is happening as I speak to you now and it is because of the PFDJ regime …………NOT by the weyane, not by the ELFs, NOT by U.S.A and NOT by whatever other people or country have in mind.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Fanti,

        I think, this is related to the sanction (few Officials that included him are in the list). He is not allowed to go outside NYC when he comes for the UN yearly General Assembly. On similar occasion last year, he was denied from attending a meeting in the Atlantic council at Atlanta.

        Regards

  • Peace!

    Selam Paulosay,

    I do not understand with your don’t talk about Ethiopia because you are not in a position to do so attitude. I read all comments and found no single comment against the country or its achievements unless asking why have high ranking officials defected is considered an ill intent. If you have something to say to address the issue, that would be helpful otherwise painting those who shared the news as ናይ ኢትዯጽያ ጸልማት ዝምነዩ is a plain deflection and dishonesty which is not going to change the true colors of the fact that some of the opposition groups are addicted to taking handouts (welfare queens) from Ethiopian government and continue to see TPLF as a leverage, not as a reliable partner.

    Peace!

    • Thomas

      Hi Peace,

      Paulos is telling what he saw in Ethiopia & it is his firsthand experience. I visited Ethiopia in the year 2015 & I also have seen Ethiopia in yr 1995. The life Ethiopians have changed for good. Almost every Ethiopian goes to work & makes money. The entire population mindset has been changed & I felt like I was in a wrong country. Addis Ababe & other cities like Awasa have an international look with highway road all over the cities. Driving through the going Addis & debrezeit is only 10 minutes. There are lots private banks, private clinics, private colleges, Malls & supermarkets throughout Addis. The city has become a business & tourist city where you will colors of the world.

      • Peace!

        Hi Thomas,

        Deflection Deflection Deflection እዚ ዘይተሓተትናዮ ምምላስ ዘይንገድፎ ኢና DIA ዳኣ ካብዚ ሓሊፍ እንታይ ግይሩ. ሸንኮለል!! The conspiracies and treasons being committed in the opposition camp cannot be cured by preaching and deflecting. If Paulos has a good reason for dismissing the entire opposition groups and waiting for the good doctor to for a new party to join in, we are more than happy to listen to him otherwise ብጉልባብ ኢትዮጽያ ዳገበርካ ነገራት ምጥምዛዝ ቁኑዕ ኣይኮነን.

        Peace!

      • blink

        Dear Thomas
        You said “Almost every Ethiopian goes to work & makes money.”
        You are like jump and how high? If all young Ethiopians are working and making money , I bet no one could care about EPRDF politics , none . We are a very poor region and if everyone have the ceiling and bread in his table , I trust the Ethiopians would not even listen to anyone about politics. I wonder if you ever thought may be there are some people who know about Ethiopians and Ethiopia more than one time marriage ceremony visit of your twin Paulos or may be you

        • Kim Hanna

          Selam blink,
          .
          Your statement is the key to see the big picture.
          You said that if every Ethiopian has a roof over his head and food on the table, who cares about politics.
          That is the big main point.
          Ethiopia is not there yet by any means. You know what, it is picking up speed to get there. That is why we all (good wishers) are keeping our fingers crossed for calm waters until we get there. At that time, a lot of the politics, conspiracy theories and innuendos will have sorted themselves out.
          .
          Our own Luel Ras Abi concisely described the whole phenomena as “Dabo Politics” or something like that.
          .
          Speaking of Abi, I was browsing around and I think I found Abi at Asmarino site and I left him a message. It was a good Sunday.
          .
          Mr. K.H

          • blink

            Dear k.m
            Yes , I believe we in general African people have no time for politics if we could get the things you mentioned and to reach that in a globalized world will not be easy unless the public awareness is uplifted by good investment in a balanced way.

            About Abi yes ,I found him there , he didn’t gave me hard time like these of sahay .
            Any way we will see how things unfold but to assume everything is green in Ethiopia is simply elastic hand made by glass.

          • Mez

            Dear Blink,

            Once “some how the boarder problem is solved to the satisfaction of all”; what will be the number of tourists across the Mereb in the first year, and in the subsequent five years? Any suggestions? Would that make any dent on the economy?

            Thanks

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selam Mez,

            I am glad you asked these questions, because I know exactly what must be done and what will follow.

            Once peace is restored, the only thing the new or renewed government of Eritrea must do is find, invite, beg, cajole all Eritrean refugees to come home no questions asked. Period. Everything else will sort itself out. One genuinely honest and people centered move is all it will take for Eritrea to recover with an amazing speed.

            No amount of imported political ideology or clever political maneuvers of this or that kind will be necessary. Give the Eritrean people a chance to live in peace and the rest will be self evident in no time. I have thought about this carefully for years, and I am so sure I can smell it. So, please, just agree.

          • Mez

            Dear Fanti,

            “….what must be done and what will…..”

            Nein Fanti, the only thing needed is “to open the boarder”. The social interaction dynamics will take care of itself.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Hi Mez,

            We are in the same page. “Peace restored” assumes borders opened with all neighbors, merchants trading with whomever they wish, and so forth.

          • Mez

            Yes Fanti, what I would add is “we need a new railway connection from Asmara to the new line in Mekele”.

            Then the ride from Asmara to any where will be a lively journy. That in thousands, just the tourism among us.

            Thanks

          • blink

            Dear. mez
            It is good wish , there will be tones of good news really, I heard there were bus terminal too , I think the only victims of the border are the people of Eritrea and the people of Tigray because I feel the economic benefits could change any negative attitude, first of all we are in an Information Age but the first thing must be first and that is a complete peace based on respect.

          • Mez

            Hi Blink, by then the 10k passenger capacity “Melle Express–Babur” will be ready.

            No need for Buses.

            A question: is that “a wish to share with”, or shall I keep it by myself?

            Thanks

          • blink

            Dear mez
            Well, it is a wish until we see a glimpse of good gestures from both sides. But I can tell you one thing and that is , the next 10 years are a very testing times for our region in a sense that I hope we sail with small water inside our political ship.

          • Mez

            Dear blink, I don’t think “….next 10 years are a very testing times…” To the contrary, I would suggest.

            Once the boarder case is settled, PIA may have to do a lot.

            He may also have to revive the 1933 Musoloni Racial marrage law againest the intermarriage between those north and south of the river. otherwise (I am afraid) under the currently prevailing dynamics (in the coming ten years), 20 to 30% of the marriage will be from the other side of the river.

            Hard time, for those who seek “purity”. Very fascinating how the “Zeitgeist” is unfolding.

            Thanks

            Thanks

          • sara

            Blink..blink
            Thanks, for the info Ras Abi is alive and kiking.
            Abi is a good ethiopian who agreed to share the cost of building the border wall, that will make eritrea and ethiopia good neighbors.
            I hope athers follow Abi’s
            View of the future relations.
            Pls pass my saltation next when you see him.

          • blink

            Dear Sara
            I didn’t like his idioms about our great fathers , he continue to insult while he defended his smug. I personally don’t like people who dismiss the Eritreans revolution. But we are in good terms even though I found his friends like sahay and Addis to be racist.

          • sara

            Blink,
            If he wants to visit us here i can send him a visit visa
            Only valid for 90 days.
            He can also apply for multi
            Visa when he fills the app form…tell him too to send recent photo..with no head gear.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selam KH,

            Found Abi at Asmarino? I am glad he is at least alive. Please ask him to stop by. He is missed even by those who occasionally would like to strangle him.

            PS:
            Tell him I will share with him 12 of the 14 secret words that make someone fall in love forever with one.

          • Mez

            Greetings Fanti,

            “Ras Abi” had decided to move there because of the collapse of “the federation”; this time, the good thing, peacefully.

            Thanks

        • Thomas

          Hi Blink,
          I think you missed the comparatively speaking & taking my time of stay in 1995 & my recent visit. In my recent visit, I saw even little kids making money. If any Ethiopian wanted to go abroad & work there, all they is entry visa by a given country. Any Ethiopian can work leave the country, work else & come back to the country they love most. That is why we see Ethiopians taking a number of years contracted job, get the money & return home safely. That is called freedom to work any where in the world & with no 2% paying obligations unlike in the PFDJ world:)

        • Nitricc

          HI Blink; please forgive this goon. he is spent with TPLF and their BS. I am convince he is from Tigray and he is here to confuse the confused Eritreans. He kisses so much TPLF’s behind, his lips must be bleeding. what a job-less disgraced creature.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Nitrickay,

            Can you simply falsify his argument only, if you can? Do you know what makes you decent person? What satisfaction gives you when you insult people? When are you going to change to a normal person who can debate with respect?

          • Nitricc

            Hey Aman, fair enough but why can’t you say the same thing to Thomas, just on Friday, he was calling all the names, I was just simply returning the favor. Anyway I hear you though, it is not productive.

    • sara

      Anta selam
      Geremuna ko?
      Except for lack of vac or just being emo no eritrean in here has ill feeling towads the people of etiopia.
      We the hafash hizbi ertra wish peace,stablity,unity,prosperity to all 100 mill ethipoians.
      The thing is , we also wish the ethiopian people to understand the eritrean people have been victms of their elits for centuries.
      They, ovecome the atrosities of slassie,mengstu and recent past melles.
      Zemen,sllassie,dergi and now weyane..
      What we are asking is leave us alone,give us peace.
      Is this too much to ask…

      • Peace!

        يا هلا سارة المشكلة ان قبل كانوا في مجموعة عملهم ان يتعاونوا مع الاثيوبين ضد الإريترين والآن التاريخ يعيد نفسه اولادهم لتلك المجموعه يستمرون في نفس الطريق وإذا قمت بنصحهم وتقول لهم ان هذا غلط يفكرون انك تكره اثيوبية وأنك عدوًًا لهم ولكن دعينا نرا فالأيام سوفة توضح كل شي ولكنه لاشئ محزن

  • Awatistas
    it seems it my response to Paulos may not make it here: As it is Game Day… If paulo or any one should like to read my raw and spontaneous comment you can see i on my fb, Solomon Seyum, for the time being.

    I suppose a more polished and game theory / operations research mathematical concepts backed I shall be back.

    Have a blessed peace full Sunday to you and yours.

    tSAtSE

  • Selamat Admiral Saay7,

    I am checking in to maybe perhaps provide you a que by way of requesting a timely twist or elaboration on the importance of:

    1. Gradual Incremental gains with regards to the inevitable Decentralized Federal Republic State of Eritrea.
    2. The necessity and the importance thus far, of a highly centralized Eritrean current administration/government policy, giving weight to the geographical/topography of the the Eritrean Map. In other words the true meaning, pros and cons, the words 1) a) “NiHadinet Hzbey nQuinEEi Metkeley Ayliwuton iyu…” Zematch’s Bdiho
    b) “Hade libi Hade Hzbi” Abeba Haile.

    If you could kindly address the above points, briefly is fine, vis-a-vis the stalled discussions/dialogue on The Eritrean Constitution.

    Regards,

    tSAtSE

    • saay7

      Selam TSatSe:

      1. Well I think I am doing a lousy job of communicating my thoughts and ideas: otherwise you wouldn’t think that I think federalism in Eritrea is inevitable. This forum got to the point of tiring one another’s patience on the subject but for the record I think creating a decentralized unitary state is going to be a challenge never mind a federal state. Decentralization is a three legged stool: political, administrative, fiscal. And I have yet to hear an advocate of decentralization make the case why and how this is a fitting solution by covering all three. The argument we hear is a negation of centralization (it’s side effects of marginalizing peripheral communities) and not affirmation of decentralization. I don’t mean this in abstract terms but taking Eritrea its resources as a case study.

      2. Centralization is a necessity but that is a hard pill to swallow for many because they have equated centralization with PFDIzation: militant, centrally-planned clusterfudge. You cannot create interstate treaties, one market unless you have a state with some element of centralization.

      I thought Abeba Haile’s song, blasted during the darkness of the border wars, was a rally-around-the-flag let’s-forget-our-differences-focus-on-what-unifies-us song. Am sure every country at war does that. Both the PFDJ National Charter and the 1997 Constitution envision a decentralized State probably focussing only on 2 of the 3 legs. The oppo says give us 1–political decentralization—and the rest will follow.

      saay

      • Kebessa

        Selam SAAY,
        I don’t know if people watch it anymore but PIA had interview yesterday. The recorded clips won’t show the intro or even the first question but Asmelash lied when he said to the effect the interview was being conducted because they are conducted every 3 month. Pure lie! It is twice a year. The first topic was rain, dams…
        I watched for no more than few minutes.

        • Paulos

          Selam Kebessa,

          Probably everyone already watched it but obviously people don’t talk about it for it is the same ol’ yawn yawn.

      • Selamat Admiral Saay7,

        No you have communicated it well. I am rather experiencing a sort of “against the grain” self imposed hike. It was my haste in calling Blitz on defense…. as well as the obvious which is the topic is above my pay grade. Yes you have clearly argued for the creation of a decentralized unitary state for which not whole heartedly believe is the right call but am also equipped with ample reality bast facts and analysis in support of it. And I believe, Admiral, it is imperative for both Eritreans and Ethiopians to engage in a serious debate now… in support of A Unitary Decentralised State as well as what you have forecasted with your “incremental empowerment or gradual decentralization (loosely or not intended as political science term) for the heterogeneous Eritrean regions in acquiring a significant power sharing with the central government.

        I thank you for both the response and paving the road of sorts to prioritise this vis-a-vis the Eritrean Constitution as well as the party formation document, chaired/penned by Teg. MaHmood Sherifo’ committee.

        The Eritrean-Ethiopian imminent dialogue which will conclude with the end the cessation of all overt/covert wars between the two state, ushering a new Era of cooperation and prosperity for both peoples and the region, many including you and I know, is a done deal due to the support and mutual interests of the various formidable powers support. The Eritrean Opposition as it is to date and the inevitable transition they will not be able to avoid, should focus on the Constitution, Individual Civil liberties with equitable distribution to all of the land’s resources, as well as supporting one another to gain seats on the limited reserved seats on the intra-state forthcoming peace deal, so that concessions by the Eritrean Government for their demands are not neglected.

        As for, the pre-amble to the Eritrean Constitution, a counter rebuttal is a non starter. There isn’t an Eritrean segment of societty/”social groups” that would not ratify it through their delegated representatives.

        But this Admiraly Saay7, is only the prelude or road signs to direct all vested and privy parties on the only WIN WIN WIN road which tSAtSE will call “The Road via Dekemhare from Asmara to Shoa, Bahridar and Addiss Abeba”, and vice versa. The TPLF lead EPRDF Ethnic Federalist governors of Ethiopia, one can argue will exert due and just pressures on any bickerings with regards to the preamble of the Eritrean Constitution simply because of the nearly identical path they have taken to liberate Ethiopia and the Ethiopian Peoples–still in progress in the right positive direction; not to mention the Ethiopian Martyrs the fell in the battle fields of Nakfa, notably the due or die for all due to Derg on Eastern Block ‘Steroids’ 6th offensive as well as the Eritrean Freedom fighters that fell liberating Ethiopia(ns) in the final push of 1990 and 1991 are common grounds for quitting the proponents of “uproot any and all” EPLF/PFDJ traces including this futile rejection of the preamble which honors liberators.
        Yes, Admiral for every chaotic war mongering unpragmatic narrations we have witness and new ones to come, the trenches to repel and quitting them are fortified, and very fine tuned to the perfect pitch for the peace loving peoples of Eritrean and Ethiopian peoples.
        Pardon my run on Hatteta…. though it is the first skirmish of numerous to follow. Thanks once again Admiral.

        tSAtSE

  • Hey Nitriccay,

    You down with OPP? Yeah you know me. You lied and I caught you. You said you would not bet against tSAtSE and yet you did. Don’t worry you are not all that I have caught. So, I see the telepathic ability of the tSAtSE to have been proven.
    You down with OPP? Yeah you know me. yo lil lil lil bro, I promised you a word and it is: Afarkubi.
    TGIWeekend
    The Rock Rats Vs. The Rug Rats

    Afarkubi NOT!
    This was: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gjo-b9zh8yA

    Abbu Ashera Weapon X – Evolution STAND On ’17
    “Nay AserteTiseAte Ammet gedli, kt gobtu tbigesu beHaili… Bdiho Bdiho ….”

    Spicy enchilada! Tho whole enchilada very spicy: Sneqememawi
    “ynesneso merieteyz zAATnu smitat
    “ykeAwo Akalatey merazm zkhonu ngazaattt
    yTeQemu ab liEley bbzHi fesesti negarat…

    Hoooooyyyyyy NHADINET HZBEYNQUNIEE METKELEY AYLIWITON IYU

    ….snQememawi agebab quiatttttttttt………………………………………………………….Fleet Menfeetler

    Abu AAshera Weapon X – Evolution Stand on ’17
    AmEritrean GitSAtSE A40— A40 Ac & a mule.

  • Selamat Awatistas,

    The above article brief summary:

    1. Graphics is detailed enough to indicate the territories claimed against the territories granted by the mediators.
    2. Title of the articles utilizes the words “Terrerty, MP Aunts” and the qualifier “Their” as in not ours to add to the negative connotation of the tigrigna word “tererty” which means “middle man” in english. Many do regard the “middle man” as perona non grata as in “cutting the middle man out” and have buyer and seller trade directly to preserve the expenditure of the non deserving “terarai” (middle man.) Essential and very valuable is the Terarari, an essential part and parcel of negotiations, particularly regional and world peace.
    3. When Mr. SJG thought of his aunt for his opening sentence, “I keep thinking of my aunt because some people call home”
    we are further entreated with the Fifth negatively connotated word that is “Hatiney’/aunt. In the overt war and covert “no war no peace” environment between Eritreans and Ethiopians, the Tigrigna have saying such as “adiA gedifas HatineA,” (meaning: choosing one’s aunt over own mother.) It is used interchangeably between the Tigrigna of Eritrea and Ethiopia. Well, in times of peace, which I the “ever the optimists” Hatinekha/Amokha?akokha… etc.. are used to strengthen the bonds.
    And so I will count this one as a half. The words ‘tererty”, “their”, “Military”, “Police’, and “Aunts”, by my count are 4 and a half words (as in Two and a Half Men.)

    Question for Mr. SaliH Ghadi regarding his new stance of policy on “how to oppose” or better yet his desired intention “how to depose the PFDJ Government and Isayas Afeworki.”
    Rather than speculating and dissect the meandering great story telling with cultural/”social group” references many could very possibly be aloof too, would it be to much for Mr. SaliH Johar Ghadi to entreat us with his current assessment by writing a Ghedab expose that is current as of 2017 as opposed to his lazy like / or seemingly uncooperative tone signaling by uploading a three year old article?

    Never the less, I am appreciative with his informing us readers of the imminent game, and possibly game changing, events with the above. No need to delve into, tactics and whether or not his reposted articles are in fact written years ago, and whether or not the are edited to fit the time– these are petty and irrelevant for the purpose of affecting progress.

    Coupled with numerous announcements, such as “The New Eritrean Movement”, the release of the journalists, Global Church Body intervening in Ethiopia-Eritrea border dispute etc… as well as the choice of the graphics in the above article,
    one can’t help but deduce that a very very very large round table for dialogue seems to be in construction and near completion, possibly a head of the GERD.

    And so I ask all forumers, including SJG, what course of action is to the best interest of Eritreans? and What is the best course of action for the Eritrean Opposition? Should the Eritrean Opposition maintain solidarity by assuring as many seats Eritrea’s diversity (and of the diversity of the issues)are guaranteed, assured and reserved on this very very very large round table of negotiations?

    Yes.. get your fleeeet cans out or you can cease the chicanery and maintain course in being the good leaders that you are to discuss REAL MATTERS relevant to The poor, the destitute, the suffering Eritrean GitSAtSE people. Elitist and politicians, terertty and MPS alike, with dur respect to your craft, neglect not your primary ‘fiduciary’ responsibility of elevating all peoples towards peace and harmony. The neglecting to inform the very people to be affected for better or worse by your legislations and policies is tantamount to elitism disregard of the refugees, war displaced, and international migrants as if they are insignificANT.

    Abbu Ashera Weapon X – Evolution – Make a Stand on ’17!

    tSAtSE

  • Desbele

    Hi iSem,

    Thanks for the introduction. I read about LogoTherapy (LT)and it is interesting. One of the three LT techniques is Dereflection.Taking the focus away from self and thinking about others.

  • MS

    Selam All,
    This news, you will not read it here:
    1. Ethiopian PM chief of protocols absconds while in an official visit to the USA to attend the UN General assembly. The news is not that he defected (many high-profile officials and high-ranking military officers have defected in the past); the news is that he said that the Federal Security (a euphemism for TPLF soldiers) has been harassing the office of the Prime Minister (a none Tigrian). He said he feared for his life. This is yet another revelation that substantiates rumors that the current prime minister is a civilian facade for the principal actors behind that facade, the TPLF military and security men.
    2. The speaker of the Ethiopian House of People’s Representatives, Abadula Gemeda resigned. Abadula is a veteran politician who hails from Oromo, the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia. He has held other high profile posts before becoming the speaker of the rubber stamp parliament of the junta. Addis Standard quoted a source as saying that Abadula resigned ” in protest over recent political developments including the federal security handling of the ongoing violence in eastern Ethiopia.”
    There is an ongoing conflict between the regions of Oromia and Ethiopian-Somalia which has caused the displacement of tens thousands of Ethiopians.
    3. Ethiopian Brigadier General Melaku Shiferaw, a military intelligence officer in the federal security apparatus, seeks asylum in the USA. He was in the USA to attend anti-terrorism conference.
    Could these occurrences be a show of events lined up coincidentally? They could be if we were talking of a normal Ethiopia. Today’s Ethiopia is not going through normal times; hence, these events could hardly be read as unrelated.
    Please don’t tell me why I should be concerned about Ethiopia. Since getting concerned about Eritrea amounts to becoming ultra-nationalist, I’m taking a break to worry about my Emama Estobiya, the tune of some of our esteemed aWatistas. HUrrah!!
    News that has been overlooked:
    In July 2011 Ethiopian troops, while engaging ONLF fighters, captured two Swedish journalists, Johan Persson, and Martin Schibbye in the Ogaden region. Unlike the poor Eritrean journalists who were captured by a third country far from the war theater, the Swedish journalists who entered Ethiopia without an entry visa and who went to meet a group the Ethiopian government classified as a terrorist group, nonetheless, they were presented to a judge and sentenced to 11 years. But Meles Zenawi signed off their release when Sweden and Europe pressured Meles threatening to cut aids. The foreign-aid- addicted Meles ordered their release, but he died before their release was completed. They were subsequently released in 2012.
    Someone said the three journalists might have been held to swap them with the Ethiopian pilot who was shot down and captured by Eritreans for the second time in 1988. Do you think, if he is alive and let go, Bezabeh Petros would go back to TPLF-led Ethiopia when their well-groomed cadres are leaving them? And why would someone think Bezabeh is a high-value prisoner, anyway? AS far as Eritreans are concerned, he is a pilot who got shot down twice. A pilot who was given a chance for life but chose to hit back the people who had pardoned him.
    Have a nice weekend.
    We shall overcome the current difficulties.
    KwegH eyu.

    • Kebessa

      Selam Mahmuday,
      First, you made a good observation about the unfair treatment of Eritrean journalists compared to the Swedish journos. There is a liitle bit of distinction between private journalists and those employed by a government, an enemy government at that. Nevertheless they should’ve been released much sooner since it wasn’t their decision to go there in the first place.

      I now like to zoom in on the word “junta”. Would you call PFDJ that? You should because in many ways PFDJ is a lot worse than Woyane. To mention few of Woyane’s superiority over our regime: they hold regular parliamentary and organizational meetings, they talk and act on passing the baton onto the new generation, no matter how flawed, they have leadership replacement mechanism – they have vice and deputy PM, no matter how small, there is space for opposing government policies through legal opposition groups, private media, peaceful demo and so on. Last but not least, the Woyanes allow high school graduation accross all over the country – a stark contrast to PFDJ’s Eritrea where Sawa is the only place where high school graduation is legal.
      I don’t even want to go to the horrible prison system where founding fathers (your former bosses), among many others, are made to disappear in such savage and inhumane way.
      If PFDJ is not junta to you, you’ve got some explaining to do.

    • Peace!

      Hi Mahmuday,

      Thank you for the update, and get ready for the usual pathetic pro TPLF replies: PFDJ is worst, it is non of your business to talk about Ethiopian politics, so what? Ethiopia is welcoming our refugee, are you Oromo, you don’t care about our people… yawn yawn.

      Don’t expect a straight answer why these high rank Ethiopian officials are defecting because for them TPLF is simply a LEVERAGE in effecting change in Eritrea. ስለዚ በጃኻ “ጭርኦም ኣይትተንኩፎም” 🙂

      Peace!

      • Fanti Ghana

        Selam Peace!,

        I was going to reply to Mahmuday with the following observations, but you put me in an awkward position by saying “get ready for the usual pathetic pro TPLF replies…”

        So, I am replying to you for approval first. If you approve please pass it on to Mahmuday.

        1) Recently, Ethiopia has been engaged in a serious hunt for corrupt officials.

        2) A few news outlets reported that Aba Dula is retiring, but the ones I read did not include why. “Because of Somalia-Oromia border dispute handling” does not make sense. Somalia-Oromia border issue is handled by the two administrations: Somalia and Oromia. Aba Dula is a federal Official.

        3) Both, Brigadier General Melaku Shiferaw and the PM chief of protocols, were parties of high government delegations in a very important government duties until these news broke. Does that sound like their life was being “threatened” or could they mean perhaps, they were being investigated?”

        4) If Federal Security = TPLF soldiers, does that mean Brigadier General Melaku Shiferaw is also a TPLF since, he is “a military intelligence officer in the federal security apparatus?”

        5) The handling of the Eritrean journalists was cruel and shameful. That I concur!

        • Paulos

          Fantination,

          When “Peace” scribbled his comments about the “get ready” stuff, I am sure he didn’t have you in mind, Hayat and I instead for we are the usual suspects. I am not sure if Peace has been to Ethiopia where the reality on the ground is far more different than when the proverbial “Monkey” alarms about the falling sky. Here is something familiar that can give us a clue if that is in fact the case in Ethiopia. Here is what Dr. Bereket said in passing about the present milieu in Ethiopia: ተዛማዲ ሰላም ተዛማዲ ናይ ኤኮኖሚ ምዕባለ: that is not the main clue though. Bereket went back to Ethiopia after he made the comments. Why would he go back if the sky was actually falling. That is precisely the difference between the reality viewed from a la la land and…….In the meantime, Addis-Standard, Ethiopian-Review, this review and that review dose up the feel-good moment.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selam Ustaz Paulos,

            I totally agree and I knew Peace did not have me in mind, but it was funny to read “get ready” when I was about to reply to Mahmuday, and I thought I was being funny by replying to Peace instead. By the way, my initial thought was to remind Mahmuday regarding the downside of the tit-for-tat concept.

            Some use real or imagined crisis to undermine Eritrean government, and occasionally, squeeze in a few lines to undermine Ghedli as well. That is when Mahmuday gets ticked. so, someone must undermine Ethiopian government to “even the score” according to the way the world works. I expect way above and beyond how the world works from our giants.

            Oh yeah, the “falling sky.” TPLF is dying and chasing officials away on its way to the cemetery?

          • Paulos

            Fantination,

            Sorry the above comment was meant for you.

          • Paulos

            Fantination,

            I was in Ethiopia just recently as in this past summer. I would say, if posterity is to describe present day Ethiopia, it is the Golden Era. People hardly talk politics. It is get rich and make it big if you can mindset. Eritrea? It is hardly an issue including with in the top brass of leadership. Meles to his eternal credit has left behind a blueprint if you will that could sail the nation on smooth waters say for the next 40 years. May God bless his soul! ዘይቀንእ አይወለድ!

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Dr. Paulos,

            Yes Indeed ” Meles to his eternal credit has left behind a blueprint if you will that could sail the nation on smooth waters say for the next 40 years. May God bless his soul! ዘይቀንእ አይወለድ!” Paulos, there was a time I contemplated and wished, that if Meles would have been ours, to lead Eritrea and the Industrious Eritrean people, we would have had a different Eritrea, an “Eritrea” that welcomes all its rainbow to leave at peace with itself and its neighbors. Imagine all the developments that are occurring in Ethiopia, all the railways, roads, hospitals, Universities, the blooming of private sectors would have shined in our Eritrea. The real Singapore as wishes would have been materialized. But we are unlucky to fall in the hand of a man stricken with “obsessive-compulsive disorder.”

            regards
            Amanuel Hidrat

          • Paulos

            Professor A. Hidrat,

            Where did the guy come from? Is there a divine explanation for the guy to put the Eritrean people through unimaginable misery? These are difficult questions. The Ethiopians may have been lucky enough to have been graced with a stellar leader like Meles, but it is also true that, Eritrea is blessed with many Meleses where it is just a matter of time till they step up to lead the nation onto the green pastures.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Dr. Paulos,

            One hopes to have them from our young generation. Until then the Tselegleg will continue.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Dr Paulos,

            Your comment had two parts, one being a question and the second your perception of having many potential stellar leaders. While I answered the second part, I did not answer your question.

            The problem is not Issayas, rather the problem is the Eritrean people in worshiping to “leaders” and “politico-militarism.” As far as the culture of politico-militarism is ingrained in the socio-psychology of our society, those who are in power will always create real and imaginary enemies to put the public mind at war standing.

            Second, those who are around him are totally convinced that there is no alternative to him, and hence they are submissive to his power. So despite his obsessive and compulsive behavior, the politico-psychology of our people is the problem that allows the continuity of our realities.

            Regards

          • Semere Tesfai

            Selam Paulos

            “I was in Ethiopia just recently as in this past summer. I would say, if posterity is to describe present day Ethiopia, it is the Golden Era. Eritrea? It is hardly an issue including with in the top brass of leadership.”

            YOU’RE NOT BRIGHT, ARE YOU?

            Ok, ok, ok…. You volunteered.

            Now, tell us what the top brass of the TPLF leadership told you about Eritrea. You brought it up…….. so spill it all.

            Semere Tesfai

          • Paulos

            Selam Semere T.

            If Eritrea is not an issue, they couldn’t have said anything about Eritrea. You definitely are the bright one!

          • Semere Tesfai

            Selam Paulos

            I just asked you, what the top brass of the TPLF leadership who are living in the Golden era told you about Eritrea? Just a simple question.

            Semere Tesfai

          • Paulos

            Semere T.

            It is a simple logic. How do you expect someone to talk about a specific issue if the issue is a non-issue. Dig?

          • Semere Tesfai

            Selam Paulos

            If it was a non issue, you wouldn’t have talked about it with the top brass of the TPLF leadership, and you wouldn’t have spilled your guts here at Awate. That’s why.

            Semere Tesfai

          • Paulos

            Semere T.

            Check this out and hope you will get it.

            https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=HxUWrHTB3fQ

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam Paulos,
            .
            AMEN! Paulos. I do get a kick out of people who were on the ground and report back their perceptions and experiences.
            That is not to say Ethiopia is out of the woods. There are problems and potential problems that could reverse or jump off the track we are on. However, the road we are on is showing results and progress.
            .
            I was keeping my fingers crossed when the electric train to Djibouti was being built.
            I was keeping my fingers crossed when the Omo River dams were being built against some western liberals who wanted to keep the “natives” as is for their picture tourism.
            I was in awe when major investment projects like the industrial parks, colleges, highways and mines etc. being opened.
            .
            I am keeping my fingers crossed till the GERD dam is completed.
            I am keeping my fingers crossed till the gas pipeline makes it to Djibouti.
            I am keeping my fingers crossed till the highway and electric line reach the Kenya’s ports.
            And more.
            .
            There are some Ethiopians who hold grudges for his misstatements and excess. I look at the totality of his leadership and support the title given to him as the GREAT LEADER.
            May god bless his soul, indeed.
            FYI, I am not a TPLF guy, I am not even from Tigray.
            .
            Mr. K.H

          • Paulos

            Selam K.H.

            The people’s sense of optimism and sense of confidence about a better future ahead is inspiring to say the least. This is a country where famished children were dropping like flies and when a posture child with skinny legs and a protruded tummy was a perennial signature. Perennial no more said the people and are making wonders every passing day till poverty is a thing of the past.

          • Selam Kim Hanna,

            Well said. On top of what you mentioned above, the fact that ethiopia is also rich in resources has played an important role.

            You might remember the young chinese ceo, who was sent to ethiopia to study the feasibility of importing leather from ethiopia for the giant chinese leather business. After touring ethiopia, when she returned she had to say more or less the following, ‘sure, there is abundant leather, but in addition there is also a big and very cheap labor force, even by chinese standard, cheap electricity and the chance to export tariff free to the west. Therefore, instead of importing leather, let’s export (outsource) a leather factory to ethiopia. It will be a lucrative business’.

            Small manufacturing businesses are coming to ethiopia from all directions, which are expensive in developed countries due to high wages, but much cheaper in developing countries. These are going to decrease joblessness and increase the gdp of the country.

            Therefore, there are the necessary factors to make ethiopia a success story, provided that all work for peace and against political power domination by one ethnic group, for political power monopoly is impossible as has been proved by the previous history of ethiopia.

          • Selamat Mr. Kim Hana and Paulos,

            I assure you that all those aspirations and hopes for the success of the projects you listed and many more of the like are also the hopes and aspirations for yours truly. As those project that you have listed are the engines and motors which will alleviate the dire poverty both Eritreans and Ethiopians know intimately first hand.
            A gain for one remains again far all.

            However, I am in possession of further arrows, Mr. Kim H, that will hit you right between the eyes. Not to hurt or destroy you Sir, rather to further strengthen you……

            tSAtSE

          • Paulos

            Tsatse Arkey,

            Unfortunately what I sense in this forum is ክወግሕ እዩ ኣብ ኤርትራ is tantamount to ክጽልምት እዩ ኣብ ኢትዮጵያ and that is pretty sad to say the least.

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Paulos,

            I have up voted you because what you witnessed is what I also saw. You say recently,but I was as long ago as 2011. I know some cities of Ethiopia including the capital since 7 years before the fall of the Emperor. I returned to Addis Ababa after 26 years absence in 2001. Between that year and 2011 progress, especially infrastructure such as roads connecting regional capitals to the center was amazing. When I travelled from home to Addis Ababa every academic year, it used to take tiring three day by bus either way through Mekele or Gonder. In 2010 a journey from Addis Ababa to Mekele by a min-bus of 12 persons took us less than a day (15 hours to be precise). The uphill drive from Alla Mata to the top used to take us more than an hour and downward drive an hour. My mini-bus took less than 20 minutes.
            The point: the EPRDF government could be criticized for many political and administrative reasons. But objectivity dictates that credit should be given where it is due. Sadly our situation can not even remotely compared to what Ethiopia has achieved during the past two decades. I think Puntland and its achievements in isolation could be a alternative comparative element in the region. The bigger Somalia, Sudan and our own could not even be considered for candidacy.

          • Paulos

            Selam Ismail AA,

            Ethiopia is a complex country with a complex psychological make up. It is rather a daunting task to govern and strike a balancing point where the competing factions or groups more often than not own differences than similarities. Perhaps it is fair to say that, the toughest challenge for EPRDF was after they rolled in to Addis than during the struggle to defeat the Dergue, simply because what they dared to step onto was a complete uncharted territory where ethnic based Federalism was a risky model to sell. But of course it worked. Julies Ceasar once famously noted when he said, “If you want fortune to be on your side, you have to work for it.” The governing body has been extremely lucky as well.

            What fascinate the most is not the visible change in infrastructure including roads, high rise buildings, clinics and schools, rather the upbeat spirit of the people. I travel there very often and when I do, I ask people particularly the younger people in academia, business and blue-collar as well. They all see a bright future and that is a remarkable feat. Sure enough, they talk about corruption and the rising cost of living but they also contrast with where the nation has come from. Moreover, when you go to the countryside, you hardly see barefoot children where it is a common seen farmers including women with cell-phones as well…..

          • Selam Paulos and Ismael AA,

            Recently I read that the moyale border area between ethiopia and kenya has seen booming trade by the locales, because peace has returned to the region.

            The kenyan government was talking of the newly finished mombasa – nairobi standard gauge railway built by the chinese, and the future plan to connect to ethiopia as part of the cairo – cape town trans-african railway, and to juba as well. The chinese are set to build a network of high-speed-standard-gauge railway all over africa. The nigerians are part of such a plan with the aim to connect to the surrounding countries and to east africa as well in the future.

            In about a decade or two, africa is going to be a different place, characterized by food sufficiency, broad road and railway interconnection between countries and a flourishing small manufacturing businesses, God willing.

            Now, the main point is, should eritrea lose the train of development for the sake of politics? How can eritrean politicians manage to live with the lost opportunities up to now, and the new opportunities that are going to be lost in the future, by choosing the defunct self-reliance and isolationism, and by denying that africa is changing, and its neighbors are changing, in every respect?

            Sometimes i think that the regime in asmara is scared of peace and cooperation with its neighbors, because it may think that this undermines the importance of the regime inside the country and in the region, and eritreans will get out of its control. Free movement of eritreans outside their countries for business, education, etc is going to remain anathema, because it means their freedom and it creates a situation difficult to control.

          • Paulos

            Selam Horizon,

            Joseph Conrad popularized the infamous if you will “Dark Continent” in his much celebrated novel, “Heart of Darkness.” To be fair to him, his intention seems otherwise where he subtly attributed the “Darkness” to the malady of Imperialism. The brilliant Edward Said in “Orientalism” relentlessly attacked Conrad and others for distorting the image of the continent through a literary body of work that later gave rise to an uncompromising stigma. This was of course way before Africa was to be known as “The Cradle of Humanity” or the origin of “The Garden of Eden” if you will.

            A lot happened to the continent since then—from the “Scramble for Africa” to the “Domino Effect” when Liberation Fronts sprouted under the banner of Marxism when sphere of influence became the order of the day between two super powers. The world there after landed on a New World Order under a unipolar world and the then victorious Liberation Fronts found themselves at crossroads where they had to either amend a way forward with the prevailing wind or get stuck where they started off. Isaias of Eritrea got stuck, Meles of Ethiopia clearly understood the prevailing new dynamics and graduated from Albanian-affecionado to a champion of liberal-democracy and an open market economy. In the meantime, when the then American foreign policy showed little interest in Africa, the then rising China sensed the lacuna and seized the moment and the rest became the making of history. China needed natural resources and Africa needed investments and loans. It was marriage made in heaven if you will. Why is Eritrea stuck? A lot has been said about the crucial question and Isaias seems to have the only answer for it. How do we get him to talk and tell us remains to be the challenge of the Eritrean people. If the will and vision of corageous leaders is changing the image of Africa from “Darkness” to a cradle of a new hope, it will take an equal resolve to bring Eritrea on board as well. We shall see.

          • Ismail AA

            Dear Horizon,
            The past 25 years and more have demonstrated that the despot at the helm of the regime rules the country as private fiefdom. He has no qualm about the chances the country has been missing in isolation. It could not even benefit from China’s contribution in the region and beyond in Africa through the system the regime appears to emulate is China’s political and ideological policies. The question is when the elites are going to wake up and save their nation.

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Paulos,

            As a former history major student I had Ethiopian history as a major segment of required reading which introduced me to the movement of the empire’s political history over long span of time. The historical paradigm shifts starting from the so called restoration (1270) through the period of Gonder and Tigrai and back to Shoa are clear to trace. The political ramification of every paradigm shift passed through de-centralized centers of power with chaotic interregnums at the center. Had the EPRDF coalition not settled for the option (federalism) you have mentioned, in my humble opinion, we would have probably witnessed history repeating itself in some ways that could have cost current and following generations of Ethiopians not less than their predecessors who had lived through those paradigm shift periods I have mentioned. At least, the current system is a good threshold towards transition to more democratic future in unity and socio-demographic cohesion. The elites have a great task to do.

          • Paulos

            Selam Ismail AA,

            I didn’t know you were a history major. Here is a question I would be curious to know from your side that is. Did your reading of history as that time reconcile with the Eritrean question? To be more precise, were you personally convinced if there were reasonable historical merits that the Eritrean question could be justified? And who would you say was your idle personality if you will with in the actors who played a role in Ethiopian history. Last question, if you have any favorite historian. Thank you Sir!

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Paulos,

            The style and depth of your questions reminded me of my senior years in college when my
            professors condensed a 3-hour whole term course in three questions out of which only two could be tackled. In three hours it was required that a student had to demonstrate he had reasonable grasp of the content and purpose of the entire course. So, here too, you will forgive me for stingy brevity.

            In our department, the Eritrean question was considered a too recent history and politically sensitive issue fit in political science discipline. I do not remember a time or occasion it had been raised in lecture classes or department seminars.

            But since the study of history presupposes neutrality in investigating events and recording them on merits and degree of factuality of facts available on every possible level courtesy to source materials consulted, a neutral historian had no others means to deal with the Eritrean question but conventionally accepted methodology. The historical forces and events that initiated and shaped the Eritrean question had to be appraised and verified as they happened.

            Thus, some of the determinants that interested the historian were episodes as the Wichale Treaty, frontiers demarcation agreements and protocols and how the famous Battle of Adwa ended in spite of the spectacular victory of Emperor Menelik II’s forces. A historian would read that as factual and historically conclusive determinant of separateness Eritrea from Ethiopia as political entity or polity.
            I would have been surprised if one of my former professors had given you a different answer because what I have jotted here a product of their training.

            On personal level, I am one of Eritrean youth who grew up with the evolvement of the cause since my junior and secondary school years. When I arrived in Addis Ababa, I was already a clandestinely committed ELF member. To us, the merit of the cause was measured by the unilateral abrogation of the federal status of our country, de-hoisting of the flag and the military occupation that followed.

            As to a personality in Ethiopian history, I would nominate Emperor Tewodros who united
            hopelessly and ruinously fractured country the cost and atrocities committed notwithstanding.

          • Paulos

            Selam Ismail AA,

            Thank you so much! I really appreciate that. I can picture you as a young idealist with a burning nationalist sentiments venturing onto the academic world not only to understand his world but to change it as well.

            I would also pick Tewodros for as you have aptly put it, his vision and troubling attempt to unite Ethiopia. Most importantly however, I started to be curious about him when I read somewhere about his rather erratic personality for it could have been some sort of mental illness or if he was under stimulants of some sort. I would also pick Harold Marcus and Bahru Zewdie as prominent historians who I think not only seem to have deep understanding of the critical events that shaped the making of the country but they write well as well. Thank you again Sir!

          • Ismail AA

            Dear Paulos,
            I had deliberately skipped naming a historian of my choice. The two you have mentioned are accomplished historians from whom I benefited. During my time, every academic excelled in the area of specialization. The late Dr. Sergew Hablesselasie was second to none (in my view) in Ethiopia’s ancient history, the late Dr. Taddese Tamrat was fine historian in the country’s mediëval history, the late Merrid Wolde Aregai was unmissable authority on Oromo expansion, the late Dr. Donald Crummey was an authority on land and church relationship, the late Sven Rubenson was an expert on the Italy’s role in Ethiopia’s post colonial history. etc.

          • Paulos

            Selam Ismail AA,

            I have never even heard the names of historians you just mentioned. My reading was mainly based on an attempt to remain informed with a certain measure for my major particularly in under-grad was the life-sciences. History depends on the person who writes it they say. And one can get different perspectives about certain but critical event and make an opinion of it.

          • Haile S.

            Hi Paul,
            Aren’t you quick on the diagnosis? I don’t think Tewodros had a Colloid cyst in his brain (looking an equivalent to your abd cystadenoma of the other day). Tewodros was a sharp intelligent proud but very impatient to his detriment. He wanted fast results and developments that uplifts his dire kingdom. He wanted the whites around him to bring technology to his country and wanted to be considered as equal partner. But he lacked the lucidity of our Seneca (Ismael AA) in Awate. Imagine our young clandestine idealist fighting for a just cause and studying among the eminent profs/historians who were mouth-taped to talk or deliberately mute over the Eritrean question. Had such discussions taken place, we would perhaps not be in the regional mess we are now. If I was to chose my favorite among the Ethiopian kings, it will be Iyassu 1st, at the minimum for setting free his siblings from Wehni. Who would do that as an Ethiopian king?

          • Paulos

            Selam Hailat,

            It is rather late for forensic pathology for Tewodros has been dead for over a century (1864?). Not necessarily he would have had a mass in his brain but it could have been anything. My limited reading was that, he had a major nervous breakdown after the death of his beloved wife (Tewabech?) where ironically it feels like suicidal as his actions there-after became erratic when he destroyed anybody who stands in his way including the clergy. Moreover, it is tempting to say if he was either Narcistic or suffered from grandeur delusional mindset when he indicated to Queen Victoria that “Britain was his bethrotel and Ethiopia his wife.”

            One can also judge his sense of grasp of the world crude and cold political dynamics when he found himself stunned during the Cremean War when Britain and France formed an alliance with Turkey (Ottomans) against Russia where his rather naive understanding was that, religious confession takes precedence over politics.

          • Haile S.

            Hi Paul,
            It is difficult to defend Tewodros on his unexusable killings including the clergy. I was trying to look into the bigger picture of his ambition to see a united country. On the last point you raised (the cremean war) given his isolation from international scene etc, I think you are expecting too much.
            The threat to excommunication, the formidable arm the clergy/Abuna possesed was something Tewodros never accepted. To give you the an idea about the relationship between thr Abuna and the royalty le me translate this from G Lejean’s book. Itege Menene (Ras Ali’s wife Tewodros defeated) talking of Aba Salama the then Patriarch of Abyssinia: he is proud/arrogant, the slave we bought with our money. Aba Salama replicates: yes I am a slave of good race payed 7000 thalaris, unlike Menene who wouldn’t cost 12 thalaris in the slave market of Matama.

          • ghezaehagos

            Selam Haile, Paulos and Ismail,

            Mota qeranyo mnew Aytares/ Berie salay metaHu kezih eskeza dres.

            And the more famed of Mentewab of Gojam who lost her husband and siblings to Tedros’s murderous expeditions.

            An’D qeNd berebere menqel aqtecheHu…

            Well that one is aptly for us too Eritreans of first quarter of 21 century.

            In all probabilities, Tedros was mentally unbalanced especially in later years. His influence in uniting the Habesha regions is remarkable.

            In my opinion, Ethiopia lost two opportunities in 20 century to change for better.

            1. Lij Eyasu was unfairly treated by history. An Oromo from Wolo, in Showa power base, with a soft spot for Somalis, Afars, and other minorities could have led a truly multicultural state. One can argue his demise had far reaching consequences of later day ills of Ethiopia such as current disillusionment of Oromos and ethnic strife.

            2. The 1961 failed coup. The Neway brothers if succeeded would have brought inclusion and integration of other actors. Dergue wouldn’t have seen the light of a day let alone 17 years of mayhem and death.

            As u can see I am not a big fan of Hailesellasie and Menlik.

            Yours,

            G.

          • Haile S.

            Hi Ghezae,
            Good point on the 2 lost opportunities. Eyasu lost the confidence of the nobility as well as that of the super powers, British and French, but it said he was popular among the ordinary people.

          • Paulos

            Selam Ghezae,

            Great input. Thank you. Did you know that Tewodros was fluent in Arabic? He was born in a town called Quara right at the border with Sudan and it is probable that is where he picked up the language.

            Iyasu was a womanizer and he didn’t seem to have cared much about power neither did he have an acumen which stood in a sharp contrast to the political animal, calculating and extremely shrewd King Haileselassie.

            Sure enough, history has not been fair to the Nwaay brothers where it is rather interesting when one cares to compare their upbringing and the kind of choice they made in life with the life of the Habteweld brothers as in Aklilu Habteweld and Akale Habteweld where both with no dynastic lineage but ended up being cabinet members–Foreign and Finance ministers respectively (Of course in later years Aklilu was Prime Minister). The Nwaays chose and at least tried to bring radical change to Ethiopia and the Habtewelds chose imperial comfort instead.

            Not sure which one it was but one of the Nwaays wrote his masters thesis at Columbia about British colonialism in Kenya and his defence was for a socialist underpinnings which stood in a sharp contrast with the mieliu he was brought up in. Moreover, he hastily tried to bring a drastic change to Ethiopia in a poorly planned coup d’etat. In my opinion, even if the coup d’etat had succeeded, it wouldn’t have gone far for Ethiopia was not ready for a socialist modus operandi. I would say the most viable option would have been if King Haileselassie heeded his cousin’s as in Ras Imiru’s advice–a call for Constitutional Monarchy where instead the King opted to listen to his otherwise dogmatic and conservative oldest daughter Tenagnewerq. They say, what would it be like if history was to be written according the vanquished…..We can only speculate.

          • Teodros Alem

            Hi
            Most people speak arabic in quara , metema and that part of ethiopia .tplf/eprdf might try KILIl them with sudan because of Arabic.

        • MS

          Selam Fanti Ghana
          I have a great respect for yout honest character, thus I will give you a short reply bypassing Peace’s aproval.
          1. I have followed Ethiopia’s drice against corruption, but according to Ethiopian friends, that campaign fell short of catching the big fish. And you know who those big fish are. But the recognition of the problem itself is commendable.
          2. REgarding the status, resigning versus retiring, I quoted the source of the news; I’m not making an opinion. But even if he is a federal official that does not mean he doe not have an opinion on regional issues. He was the president of Oromia before becoming the speaker of the house, and it is a matter of natural reaction to be more sensitive to the handling of the conflict. The federal security force is involved in it, and is blamed of mishandling the situation.
          3. The chief of protocols stated that he feared for his life. That is his statement. He said the security forces have been visitng the office of the prime minister to serach it. He actually said that he would in many cases hide those searches from the prime minister, apparently fearing for the life of the PM in case the PM reacts to the security forces. Reported by VOA Tigrigna, I think.
          4. Yes, he was a member of EPDM, a small but principal Amara faction that united with the larger TPLF to make up EPRDF. You know it well that the EPDM guys and their Oromo counterparts did not have the weight that would counterbalance TPLF. The federal composition also reflected this reality. So, to many observers, EPRDF=TPLF=federal government. The squabbles between veteran TPLF cadres and cadres of other factions that make up EPRDF is public. So, Gen.Melatu could be a member of EPRDF/TPLF who has not been made to feel he belongs to it; or as an intelligence officer, he might have made up his mind having seeing the internal operations of the security force. We may have to wait to hear from him.
          5. Thank you, only a man of consciuence is able to stay on course despoite the turbulance of the sea.
          Regards.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selam Mahmuday,

            So, you didn’t go camping or something after your first post as I hopped?

            I totally agree with all 5 points above. In fact, I could even add some more since there is no shortage of shortage in our region, but honestly, I was just surprised you gave it attention more than anything else. Watch out! The great respect is returning to you squared!

          • MS

            Dear Fanti Ghana
            Thanks and the respect is mutual and reciprocative. While touching Ethiopian politics, I’m conscious of the stark difference between (at least that is how I see things) between the people of Tigray and TPLF; the TPLF that had led the aspirations of the people of Tigray (regardless of the hiccups it had with the EPLF) and the current TPLF dominated regime; The current TPLF-dominated regime and the state of Ethiopia; the state of Ethiopia and the people of Ethiopia, etc. I try not to mix things and where they appeared I try to clarify myself. The same goes with the situation in Eritrea. I understand why some people get irritated when some of us touch Ethiopia, even if it is done softly. They are quick to condemn us as individuals who dream to see the disintegration of Ethiopia.
            People oppose PFDJ for different reasons. We know that. Some oppose it for bringing genuine and lasting peace; others oppose it for parochial issues (religion, region, ethnicity, etc); some for personal issues, yet others for reconnecting the severed umbilical cord. I know they will tell me, “Go to hell, we are fine without you,” but their anxieties and aspirations are all over the wall. I just say this: I love you back. It is a small region that we should care about through mutual respect of each other’s sovereignty and through cooperations based on sound foundations, not through coercing Eritreans to submission. And this is the point where I hold a bitter grudge against the TPLF-led regime. The Ethiopian government miscalculated the resolve of Eritreans. The strategy that was curbed to bring Eritrea to submission backfired. The primary beneficiary of this strategy has been PFDJ. Many Eritreans including those who had crossed the Mediterranean Sea and the Sahara have a clear stand on this issue.
            IN a time when someone’s feeling towards TPLF is seen as inversely related to his standing as an opposition member, I care more about the motives of an any-so-called opponent of PFDJ than how graphic they make the way they express that opposition or hate towards PFDJ. And the motive of these individuals is revealed through their writings.
            PS: Although I believe you understand my position, the first paragraph is a reminder of how I see things in Ethiopia.

    • Mez

      Greetings MS,

      There is much more going on south of the Eritrean boarder–kenya included. They are more vibrant and dynamic than you may assume. I would think, we may need new assumptions on initial and boundary conditions–as a rejuvenation of observation and thought.

      The release of the two journalists is a welcome news by any measure; but I am afraid they may end up in one of Asmara jails or disappear all together. Once in Asmara, the danger is there.

      Thanks

    • sara

      Dear MS
      Inshaalah hatfrej…KwegH eyu
      Mn,BueK leBaB AseMa!

  • blink

    Dear Mr.Saleh
    Does that mean , you definitively reject war with whom it may concern? I mean do you reject any change in Eritrea by force (militarily)? Let’s give you a fairly simple numerical basis for the war , if the opposition has the willingness and weyane has to help open the gate for 200,000 men to be slaughtered in the evil war and Issaias got thrown out , will you choose that way ?

    Of course I ask for any one to say his will from west ,especially people like Mr. Desbele since he has grown boys who can carry a gun and that is Mr. Amanuel, ismael included . Any of you know how to shoot and you all can lead your boys and daughters ?

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Blink,

      Since you can not comment without mentioning my name for what ever reason it is, I have to say few words. It is all about courage, and you don’t win against your enemy without the “biles of courage.’ Courage is an attribute of good character that makes us worthy of respect. Our culture is rich with exemplary of bravery and self-sacrifice for the greater good. I believe you are raised on a diet of heroic and inspirational story from the generation before you. When they set in motion ” their causes”, they fought hand to hand , face to face with bravery to their enemy. They don’t run away from the cause of their mission. Rather, they felt responsibilities and flow from inside and outside our country to the line of duty to the war front. Our generation fought against all the odds and secure the birth of our nation. Unfortunately, your generation have failed to show the same courage to fight the enemy within. Every generation have to make the progress to continue and fight with courage and sacrifice for all problems that time and circumstances could create. So brother Blink, Amanuel and Ismail have done their shares when they were young, forfeiting all the possibilities of personal interest (where some of our peers chose to leave the country for their PHDs).

      Now, the current fight is the fight of your generation. Marianne Williamson reminds us about courage, and she said: “It takes courage … to endure the sharp pains of self discovery rather than choose to take the dull pain of unconsciousness that would last the rest of our lives.” Fighting could not happen without courage and success will not come without sacrifice. The young generation should discover the courage of their fathers and forefathers and be ready to march on a “line of duty” with bravery and heroism to face the despot that create the misery of your lives. And when you fight, fight by all means without fear of sacrifice.

      Regards

      • blink

        Dear Mr. Amanuel
        90% of your explanation is the things i know and to be honest i do not see myself as equal to your generation not even 1% of it and i have always believed your sacrifice and your heroic to be equal to none. But i believe the opposition was started by your generation too , so my question was simple did you guys believe a military solution has green light from your perspective ? That was my question if yes , will you send your kids to do so ?

        • Fanti Ghana

          Selam blink,

          “…there is ample evidence here that the main thing you inherited from the older generation is partisan bickering.” SGJ.

          Dearest blink,

          I like you. It is undeniable you are both witty and honest. In fact, if I was to pick only three Awatistas for their honesty you would be in that group.

          If I must criticize you for one weakness it would be for “excessive difret.” Measured difret is okay, but there are times when a line must be drawn where you stop regardless of how justified you feel. There is nothing to be gained by it.

          Even if you happened to base your difret on a fact, you still appear disrespectful, and most people would be distracted by it to pay attention to the content of your message. However, if you happened to base your difret on unfounded allegation, you hurt someone, you lose credibility, and you lose respect all at once.

          Almost all your energy is focused on defending the legacy of EPLF. There is nothing wrong with that, and it is honorable. However, it would be more honorable if you couple that with or use it to bring Eritreans closer and/or to solve passed or present problem or mistake and not to just “score a point” and thereby expanding a division farther or creating one.

          That was my fatherly advice*. Now I will switch to my friendly advice.

          The other day, Thomas said “On majority of the talks here I have observed two groups of debaters:” and listed them as 1) those who try to focus on discussing Eritrea problems and 2) those who try to divert it.

          I generally agreed with his take and moved on. The thought of “other groups” did not occur to me until I read your response which added: those who come here to discredit EPLF, to glorify Weyane, or to amplify Eritrean problems for political gain.

          The small excuse I have for not seeing the missing groups you mentioned is that I was at work when I read him and I am usually distracted when I am at work. However, the truth is deeper than that, and it is officially called “Selective Perception.”

          Although a little short of its true meaning, the short description of Selective Perception is that “we see and hear what we want to see and hear.” How we observe, how we remember, how we translate, how we recall events is strongly dependent on our beliefs, and we end up selectively perceiving events regardless of their realities. This phenomenon is a well-researched human behavior, and no one is free from it.

          My point: most of our perceptions of a given event may not have been said or done as we think it was. Even when we are closely watching ourselves and trying our best not to fall victims of it, we slip often. Some are more prone to it than others, but it is difficult to control anyway. One of the reasons is that quite often “selective perception” takes place in the subconscious level.

          How we, humans, process information and the roll of our limited brains is too broad a subject to get into, but for now, just trust me on this general statement: for most part, events are neither as good nor as bad as we think they are.

          * Fatherly advice is an advice you must accept without question. Any other form of advice is “kem kunetatu.”

          • blink

            Dear Fanti
            It will not make any sense if i praise you with words you heard and read thousand times in this forum from almost every one , i mean come on , what is gold to a monarchy family ,none.You are like a fair monarchy here and it will be disservice for me to tag you with up ward words … , but but but would it be fair to assume ,you some how are Eritrean ,i mean i will gladly assume and take you and throw some of these around in to Arena party because Ethiopia can manage these . Now ,your advice is accepted , I mean seriously (i mean it) , who else could make it.
            About our teachers , as you know the people i mentioned have the ability to move us above partisan bickering yet they did not ,that really hurts , so pocking them on and off is like exercise of out door gym.

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selam blink,

            This is when I say “yeEbyeley ezu wedey!”

            I may have a major surprise for you (about the citizenship) once peace reigns in our region. That is all I will say for now, just in case Horizon and Mr. KH are watching!

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam Fanti Ghana,
            .
            SAY WHAT???
            As the world turns, where is Abi when you need him to put things in perspective.
            .
            Mr. K.H

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selam Mr. KH,

            Funny you mentioned Abi. I almost saw a flash of words coming out of Abisha as I was writing that. I miss him terribly.

          • Saleh Johar

            hi Fanti and Kim,
            Abi is waiting for an Ammalaj–if you know how to teach him, please carry zigni Wet, or Kentucky fried chicken on my behalf… and six pack Corona in place of eggs 🙂

          • Fanti Ghana

            Selamat Memhir,

            I hope he is where he can access Awate.com. If I only had a way to reach him, I would beg him to come back home with a heavy stone on my back, and of course, with lots of Tire siga too.

          • Selamat SJG,

            As Fanti’s “pass it on to MS” when addressing he addressed Peace (‘The usual…. ” see above….)

            I will take liberty in asking you Sir to pass on this message for me to the Wise Hippopotamus Mr. Fanti Ghana the following:

            Fanti, would you be kind enough to pick bring yours truly a “carne asada burrito con todo y una beber:juarito” from the taco truck. Seeing that you are picking up zigni for Abi, and with injera I only du Addes and Timtimo… Muchas gracias. Yo me gusta, quiero y necesita THE WHOLE ENCHILADA!

            Mi gusta muy major tacco de lingua. Yeah, Tongue!

            Abbu Ashera WEAPON!!! X – EVOLUTION STAND ON ’17!

            tSAtSE
            PS: my good friend SJF: Was it fu schnickens or The Black Sheep that have the awesome hook: “You can get with this or you can get with that.”
            Amigo, yo Tengo una defensa muy fuerte e incluso un montón de armas ofensivas más fuertes.

            For the good old days time sake, TGIWeekend https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K9F5xcpjDMU

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Blink,

          My response to your question are on hold by Disqus waiting for the moderator to release it.

    • Saleh Johar

      Hi Blink,
      The problem is you consider your questions a serious challenge that you just came up with. Humble yourself and if interested, my positions, on many issues, are littered all over. If you are interested, don’t expect to be spoon fed. Research it. If not, sometimes it’s boring to answer the same question every time someone discovers his alalytical genious.

      Never been for war, but the Eritrean independence was a result of a protracted war, and it was just. That explains my position on war.

      You think I am a politician? What does that mean in the context you want to pigeonhole me? Whatever you call it, I know that I want the unjust regime gone. That is my job description

      And you think I will be hesitant and not answer your questions? Think again

      My advise: stop generalization. In fact if you are young as you say, there is ample evidence here that the main thing you inherited from the older generation is partisan bickering. Stop it. That partisan era is gone, probably when you were a baby. Don’t blow life into it, do us service please.

      Your attitude makes Obe wonder: why are you insisting the PFDJ is a continuation and deceivingly blame others for thinking so? I don’t think and that is the only reply I can give you. As I said, it is too boring for me.

      • blink

        Dear Mr. SG
        Frist thanks for replying clearly , second I know , I do know your position sir , it is just that very hard to take others with out addressing you , it will not make any sense at all , I do not mean to bore you too.My assumption was the price tag of 200,000 could some how stop you , I mean cost benefit analysis thing . i do not see you do the bickering ,in fact i know you declared that EPLF and ELF were dead long time ago.

        • Saleh Johar

          Thanks Blink,
          Whenever you feel the itch to raise partisan issues, for any reason though I wish you don’t , please don’t include my name for convenience. It hurts when one is accused of stuff he doesn’t believe in. I hope you understand
          Thank yiu

  • Selam All,

    Mahatma Gandhi had said that there were many reasons for which he was ready to die and not a single reason for which he was ready to kill. The author of the article abhors war and tells us to avoid war by all means possible, while the pfdj camp on the contrary says that going to war is worth it, as long as poor eritreans back home are going to die for them, and as long as the diaspora elites and their family members are safe.
    If one is a warmonger and pyromaniac, at least he should know that he will come out of it unhurt and a winner, unless one is ready to kill and die. The pfdj camp is blind to the fact that about 5K young eritreans are fleeing the land every month, about 50% of which are army conscripts. The fighting moral of eritreans is at its nadir for they see no reason to die to sustain the inhuman dictatorship. This is similar to the situation before the defeat of the derg. The pfdj has lost the hearts and minds of most eritreans, except its die-hard supporters, and still it believes that eritreans will follow it in its adventures.
    The only explanations for a war-call at this stage could be the pfdj is in a deep internal crisis and wants to outsource the problem so that it may have a breathing space, or it is counting on the help of foreigners, especially egypt, which is an extreme game of playing with fire, which will consume first the pfdj. Pfdj and its supporters better not count on things that are far from certain.
    Badme or no badme, the first priority is peace by all means. War is a loser’s game, especially for poor third world countries like ours.
    Pfdj supporters seem to have created a virtual eritrea, and they see everything under a golden virtual reality. They tell us about the million ills in ethiopia, while everything is rosy in eritrea, forgetful of the fact that there is nothing in ethiopia that does not exist in eritrea too, unless they are completely blind or have never been to eritrea.
    Finally, searching into dia’s nature and not his nurture (intelligence) will give us the answer, as to who he is. As painful as it may be to his worshipers, he is selfish, self-centered, opportunist, manipulative, ruthless, con-man and treacherous. These are the qualities of his nature. He was born with it. What he did and does now is instinctive, programmed in his genes from the day he was born.

    • Selamat Horizon,

      You said Mahtma Ghandi had “…many reasons for which he was ready to die for.” And then you state only a few lines down your same same same.. this:

      “while the pfdj camp on the contrary says that going to war is worth it, as long as poor eritreans back home are going to die for them,…”

      Need I say more? No permission necessary. Shouldn’t these “poor eritreans back home..” also have have a reason to die for as much as the Mahtma? The PFDJ camp for whatever reason should encourage the poor Eritreans back home to search not for “a single reason to kil;…”, yes, but to recognize the many and all reasons to be ready to die for. And that includes the sovereignty of the very land which they are proud citizens of– Independent Eritrea. Our tasks is to clarify all the righteous reasons, for their benefit, for which they should defend and sacrifice their lives for. Diaspora Eritreans, including the pfdj camp, are strong partner with gainful mutual benefits.

      As for the author of the article, though it is very possible he is more enlightened and with your adamant vouching of his belief of absolutely now war, from my recollection Mr. SaliH Johar Ghadi was the lead proponent for ridding the PFDJ by any means necessary. He ha stated that so long you are struggling to topple the PFDJ single party Eritrean government, he and his efforts will not only resist or disagree with the effort but he encourages and will support it to the maximum.
      Yes Horizon, some of us have been around as long as you sir. No selective republishing will convince us of a false consistent portrait. Come hell or high water, Mr. SJG’s “I/He was the first to forecast the current..” is not only far from the truth, even much earlier than 2014 and precise warnings of the current has been said in this very medium. That his current position of power is of more use and the strong support he receives is understandable. Precisely the reason some of us feel his status today will be of more use if and only if and when we acknowledge his ambitious natural growing pains blunders due to the strong belief of empowering the more effective next generation.

      You are within your right to keep bashing pfdj thou for yourself interest. Only I believe it is futile, in spite of my strong opposition to a single party authoritarian governing in Eritrea or elsewhere. I am not opposed to the PFDJ nor am I or have every been part of the PFDJ== irrespective of whether you or any one believes it or not.

      tSAtSE

    • blink

      Dear Horizon
      I agree with you on the evilness of war. war is evil and it should not happen again especially to our people because they have been bleeding since and i guess it is good of you to reject it. Now i want you to rethink about that number you gave , 5kX12X18 =1080,000 people and if 50% of these are military men it would put your assumption at 540,000 . do not you think your source is some how from the Tigirai office of refugees and he rain numbers in order to get more money from UNHCR. Again to support my case here is this video you can see ,where Eritrean refugees in Tigria camp demand the removal of Tigrai people from the refugee camp . hear them silently , listen to what they say ,

      https://youtu.be/NhBpNLYEC3U

      • Selam blink,

        Nobody is saying that the number of refugees leaving their country had always been that big. The inflated numbers are the latest assessment by unhcr over the last few years.
        Although I can pick few words here and there, nevertheless I can understand the spirit of the demonstration.
        The point is that those who want to kick-start another bloodshed for the sake of badme or demarcation will worsen the situation, and it will be at the expense of the two people, and such madness should be avoided by all means.

        • blink

          Dear Horizon
          I personally don’t see war as the means to solve the problem, we Eritreans have bigger issues to worry and that is PFDJ iron rule , I don’t see any immediate solution by war. Who is going to benefit from the war , the first one will be Issaias and why would we risk our life for one man ? I don’t get it.

    • Nitricc

      Horizon; Are you a shrink by profession? I don’t know if you are but sure enough you play one when you declared shamelessly ” Finally, searching into dia’s nature and not his nurture (intelligence) will give us the answer, as to who he is. As painful as it may be to his worshipers, he is selfish, self-centered, opportunist, manipulative, ruthless, con-man and treacherous. These are the qualities of his nature. He was born with it. What he did and does now is instinctive, programmed in his genes from the day he was born.”

      First of, why are you obsessed with Eritrea and PIA? I will take any time any place PIA as a leader than any one in your country leaders. Your leaders are nothing but thieves, liars, corrupted, baggers, and most of all Stupid. Like I was telling Mez, the balance of power has shifted in favor of Eritrea thanks to steadiness,Calmness and Evenness of the people of Eritrea and their leader PIA. it must be really painful for you and your likes to see Eritrea foiling all of your sabotages and conspiracy to bury this nation and the opposite happened, your country about to explode and going to ashes. So, my friend, never underestimate the will of Eritreans. sure, you will find some riffraffs to kiss your behind but their are no body and don’t count.

      • Hi Nitricc,

        You know that we learn from you all the breaking news about ethiopia. Now, who is more obsessed? You are the one who tell us so often about ethiopia: about its poverty, famine, misfortunes, political upheaval, and everything bad.
        Years ago about 600m dollars were found in a secret account in switzerland belonging to an eritrean official(s). What did you make of that? Does this make pfdj officials thieves and corrupt or not?
        When you speak of power shift in favor of eritrea, I think you mean military power. What do you think pfdj should do next? Can you tell us?
        Ethiopia may be like a ship travelling through a storm for the time being, but she is going to reach her destination, which is economic development, becoming a manufacturing hub of the region, and achieving stability. That is what many from outside the country say. The economy is the cure for all the ills of a society. You have chosen self-reliance, isolation and confrontation. Good luck.
        Finally, be careful when you wish disintegration for ethiopia, because you too are in the same situation.

        • Nitricc

          Hi horizon; You are right I often talk about Ethiopia not that I am obsessed with Ethiopia affairs but I am discombobulated beyond words the stupidity of your leaders. I could have cared less if the actions of your stupid leaders won’t affect my country, unfortunately it does and that is the reason why I talk about your country often. You can’t not say the same for your obsession with Eritrea and PIA, remember, Eritrea and her leadership are not any danger to your country so, why are you talking about Eritrea and her president 247?
          I am not wishing for Ethiopia to implode, quit the contrary. I wish Ethiopia succeeds and be example of the region but you have the most ignorant, arrogant, Illiterate, Uninformed, Untaught and simply Stupid leaders of your country. The way I see it, it is very concerning to the say the least. Why am I concern? why is it my business? well, now the Tigryans and the somalains are cleansing the Oromo and the Amhara, guess what, give it time and the role will reveres because numbers matter, then what do you think will happen? you are smart man, you can think for your self. And good luck with hailemariam Desalgn. He is world class leader lol.

          • Hi Nitricc,

            If we separate the people from the government, then all discussions will be much easier.

    • Kim Hanna

      Selam Horizon,
      .
      Did you read some of the comments of MS and Nitricc? You see how exuberated they get when they read some news of political asylum or retirements of Ethiopians officials.
      .
      I have a strong belief that Eritrea will never “kick start” another war with Ethiopia. That condition was resolved in 1998-2000, thanks to our martyrs. It is possible neighbors could encourage and participate in such eventuality. That will be another story.
      In fact part of my conviction comes from what PFDJ and their operatives say and do. Supporters of PFDJ, like Nitricc and MS always advance using public forums like this to tell us that Ethiopia’s days are numbered. They take an Ethiopian opposition paper and declare that they are quoting a gospel truth.
      .
      Their only hope is some form of civil war, ethnic or religious conflict, any self destructive events in Ethiopia to weaken it to such an extent that they declare victory over the demise of Ethiopia.
      For these pathological human beings, that is their everlasting dreams. Funny thing about dreams, you wake up to the same reality you went in with.
      .
      Appropriate Amharic saying for these folks:
      .
      deha behilmu qibe bayTeTa niTat yegelew neber. ……….so let us feel sorry for these individuals for their incurable disease. They only get a peace of mind when they are dreaming.
      .
      Mr. K.H

  • Nitricc

    Hi All, the truth is

    ” War is an ugly thing, but not the ugliest of things: the decayed and degraded state of moral and patriotic feeling which thinks that nothing is worth a war, is much worse.”
    much worst! much worst! much worst!

    • JAQ

      Hello Nitricc,

      I wholeheartedly agree with your statement. The only issue I have with that is who is the one that decides what the war is worth? Is it the one with skin in the game or the one who is sitting from a far, unaffected by any outcome, yet willing to cheer, but unwilling to sacrifice?

      • Semere Tesfai

        Selam JAq

        “The only issue I have with your statement is who is the one that decides what the war is worth? Is it the one with skin in the game or the one who is sitting from a far, unaffected by any outcome, yet willing to cheer, but unwilling to sacrifice?”

        Who said Eritreans outside Eritrea don’t have “skin in the game”? Who said war is fought only at the front lines carrying a gun? Who said victory in a war is determined in a battlefield? Is that what you think war is all about? Let me give you a hint what war is……….

        War is won or lost by broad public participation or lack of it. War is won when every single individual citizen contributes if fair share in the fight – militarily, economically, diplomatically, politically, socially………

        If you think Eritreans outside Eritrea “don’t have skin in the game”, if you think Eritreans outside Eritrea have ZERO contribution in defense of their country……… you’re dead wrong. Eritrean motto has always been and will always be ኩልኻ ወዲ-መሬት፡ ኣብ ዘለኻዮ መክት፡ ዝካኣለካ ኣበርክት:: And that motto is, time tested potent tool that defeated Ethiopian successive regimes.

        Semere Tesfai

        • Hayat Adem

          Hi SemT,
          I rather count what i would consider to be victories of my side, not what i think of defeats of the other side. Now, tell me what i gained.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Hi SemereTesfay,

          Real wars are won by those who are in the frontline, ready to kill and ready to be killed. Others are secondary. You can have all the secondaries and auxiliaries, but without the fighting spirit of the primary in the frontline in the real war, all wars will not last. The determinat factor is the will, the determination, the rediness to sacrifice to the cause of war by those in the frontline.

          • Hayat Adem

            Hi Emma,
            That is why Semere Tesfay was considering to be at the very forefront in the fight for change. He went to the defeated Ethiopia some months ago, true story. Can anyone in this forum believe SemT would visit Ethiopia, tge land of Weyane given the way he ibteracts here? But he did. He was contemplating then of joining Medrek, or did he join and left them?. Then, he seems to have relapsed back to the Pfdj’s fold again.

          • Selamat Hayatt Adem,

            You are not necessarily putting the gentleman SemT under the bus by disclosing his visit to Ethiopia. Rather, and at least to yours truly, you are informing Eritreans and Ethiopians that visitations as well as bridge building effort initiatives by private citizens, irrespective of their strong convictions, is now allowed without the threat of persecutions by the TPLF/EPRDF Ethiopia to begin with, nor my personal strong belief, the PFDJ’s Ethiopia.

            ኦህ ሎርድ ኦፍ ትሀ ሪንግ ሪንግ ሪንጋዲንጋሊንግ ሻል ኢሉስትሬት ፎር ዋት አቨር ኢት ኢ ዎርዝ. (ሲ.ፖ.ዲ.ኤ– ዋት ኣ ወይስት ኦፍ ምይ ታኽስ ዶላርስ.) ሎርድ
            ጻጸ

          • Nitricc

            Hi Hayat; how would you know Semere’s visit to Ethiopia? are you trying to tell us that you have connections with weyane top enchiladas? Well, I hate to spoil it to you but we know. Don’t think we don’t know. you may fool the fools, the likes of Thomas but not many. Now, have the gumption and tell your readers how you know Semere visited Ethiopia?

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hayat,

            Are you confusing “Semere Tesfay” with “Semere Habtemariam”? Semere Tesfay is an apologetic PFDJ defender. But, Hey who knows in this ambivalent world, where it becomes a norm to switch from one political house to another.

            regards

          • Semere Tesfai

            Selam Hayat

            I Semere Tesfai never been to Ethiopia. Period.

            The rest is political opinion, we’ve plenty of time to make our case.

          • Semere Tesfai

            Selam Amanuel Hidrat

            1. – “Real wars are won by those who are in the frontline, ready to kill and ready to be killed.”

            Again, you’re dead wrong. You can win 100% of the battles you engaged in, and still loose the war. Winning in a battlefield(s) doesn’t guarantee you, a winning the war

            2. – “You can have all the secondaries and auxiliaries (political, diplomatic, economic, social…..), but without the fighting spirit of the primary in the frontline in the real war, all wars will not last.

            Again you’re dead wrong. You don’t have to fire a single shot, or kill a single person to win a war. Spilling blood is not a requirement for a victory in a war. “Readiness and sacrifice to the cause of war by those in the frontline inside and outside the enemies circle” are not a necessary requirements to winning a war.

            3. – “In the current struggle, the lack to be ready to sacrifice in the frontline of wars and the determination to the cause of our war is the ailing of the oppositions.”

            What is ailing the Eritrean opposition is (a) being tools of foreign governments (b) not believing on –
            themselves, their ideas, and their people (c) relying on sub-national, regional, and religious politics (political Islam and ethnic politics) (d) multiplying like amoebas (binary fission) each day……. to mention few among many.

            Let me sum-up for you: War is politics by other means. You go to war when you couldn’t achieve your political objective by peaceful means. And to achieve your political objectives, you don’t have to spill blood – just galvanize the public with your vision. If you do that successfully, by the sheer power (revolt) of your people, you will achieve your objective without sacrificing any lives. And vision and galvanizing the Eritrean people for a common good, is a trait your opposition don’t have – at all. And that is the problem you’ve at hand – just to let you know.

            Semere Tesfai

        • Selamat Semere Tesfay,

          Eritreans do have skin in the game to defend their homeland from outside threat as well as internal threat. The latter many, to this date, refuse to acknowledge causing our current fragmented and as a consequence weakened Eritrean People than we had and still have the potential to be.

          ‘”If you think Eritreans outside Eritrea “don’t have skin in the game”, if you think Eritreans outside Eritrea have ZERO contribution in defense of their country……… you’re dead wrong”‘

          And if you think Eritreans outside Eritrea have ZERO say in advocating and encouraging Eritreans in Eritrea to strive and build a more judicious Eritrean society …. you too are also dead wrong.

          tSAtSE

          .

      • Nitricc

        Hi JAQ; Well first you need to understand the art of war and its justified reasons. War is mostly declared by old people who have no intentions fight it out. However, it if fought by the youth and able. Not everyone is cut to fight a war just like we all can’t be doctors, carpenters and what have you. So, when war breaks out, not every one is going to pick arms and fight, rather some go to war and fight and some support the war logistically, financially and morally. it is not like some one is cheering of the war but you give the support and moral for your country at a war. You may not be affected by the very war personally but you may have relatives and simply a country men are fighting and scarifying their life, for that if you are normal person and a person with shred of morality, you have the duty and responsibility to support and cheer for your people and country. War is never good but there are worst than war it self, losing once dignity.

        • Paulos

          Nitrikay,

          “War is declared by old people who have no intention of fighting it out.” That is just classic! Thanks for the laugh 😂😂.

  • Ismail AA

    Hayak Allah SJ,

    I read this article for the first time. I must have some how missed it. It is another superb testimony of typical Saleh Johar critical political assessment flavored with his entertaining style of novel writing. A reader who might be unamused by one gets compensated by the other.

    Those who had read it 13 years ago might conclude that the state of our politics has not really changed. If it has not regressed, it has certainly remained static with more confusion. The dispersed values Saleh described are not only there but have become damagingly conspicuous and kept on percolating down the social fault lines. National politics have increasingly been pushed from center stage.

    A casual visit to a social event gathering will give an interested observer more than a clue to take note of how our politics changed through the past decades. Perhaps, some may get consolation by the presence and indomitable men and women with “never-dying spirit and conscience of patriotism” who were not over taken by national euphoria of independence and false hope and persevered to tell the nation after all what they got was not what they were promised to get. As Saleh aptly written, they were despised, humiliated and isolated. Some have already left us for good with bitterness in hearts. Some of us who are stilling breathing are blessed to had been part of those with “never-dying spirit and conscience”. Thank you Saleh Johar.

    • Saleh Johar

      Ahlan Ismail,

      Don’t worry my dear. Consider it a class we or classes we have to re-do, a circular journey: khetimna Hji dmma Nredid Alena 🙂

      • Selamat SJG,

        Only this time, different lessons will be absorbed by the new generation. Consider the challenge as a positive outcome from all efforts to date. Some of us have been conditioned to reject all forms and hints of building an occult personality.

        tSAtSE

  • Thomas

    Hi SGJ,

    Great article. I was so bored with the border demarcation group and I read your article and felt so refreshed. To me, freedom is NOT just owning the land, but be able to utilize the land. For a moment, lets just forget the freedom of exiting and entering your own country and focus moving within your country without “menkasa keci” (outside of your own house). To me it sounds like the entire Eritrean youth is put to jail in his/her own country and the prison camp is called ERITREA. The jailers are those who show up at “mekete” meetings and the so called PFDJ (fitting name: bunch of mafias”). Everything is done under the pretext of protecting or living to the wishes of martyrs. Sadly, the system of intimidation and manipulation has been executed for over 20 years and it worked fine for the oppressors. No wonder for many of us became hopeless and confused as to why people commit and deprive the rights of those who trusted them most. This is evil and I believe only animals would try to rationalize such crimes and chose silence until they are eaten alive in due their due time (if they are really alive). Only dogs or other animals are kept in cages. When people are told to take orders like dogs, what is the use of the land for?

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear SGL and readers..

    I enjoy most and my take home part of the article above is then..

    “My position is the same as it was in 1998 and it begins with this premise: nations don’t go to war, people go to war. Politicians don’t pay for wars; people pay for wars. I will always choose the path that minimize the risks of war; I believe all who, in one-way or another, claim to be advocates of the people, must do everything we can to stop wars even if the position we take is unpopular. Such a stand might come at a cost; only the willing take such risks. Cheap sloganeering doesn’t involve any risk–or courage.”

    Peace and love !!!

    KS,,

  • Bayan Nagash

    Dear Awatawyan,

    If I had read this article prior to reading all of the exchanges that led to my writing a piece on the subject at hand, I am not sure that I would’ve written anything at all because this piece sums it up for me. I tell you, I had to scroll up to double check when SGJ wrote this in his signature story telling style whereupon reading the following, which really stopped me on my tracks:
    “Unfortunately, to some, Eritrea is made up of three groups: people who share their values, people who can be compelled to share their values, and people who have to be marginalized, and “de-citizinized.” Oh, there will always be some fine-sounding reasons to de-citizenize the people but in spirit and content, there is no difference between yesterday’s “Fifth
    columnist” and today’s “sovereignty-compromiser.” Even the people making the accusations and the people being accused are the same. In fact, even some of the tools being used are the same: stalling.”

    Sure enough it was written 13 years, one month, and few-days-to-spare-ago. Thirteen years later, we are still talking about the same topic, the only difference is that different people are saying the same thing what this man had written over a decade ago. Try to wrap your head around this. I wish the AT had a way of putting articles for a test-write, where the machinery will flag articles submitted to see if there were similar pieces written about the subject matter. Paulos, please help device a term for this like you did impromptu with your tifozo-meter. Another quotable quote is this: “endlessly talking about borders and lines while those who are supposed to benefit from such exercises are perishing. Practical sovereignty of the people must come before the theoretical sovereignty of the land.” The following paragraph sums it up for me:

    My position is the same as it was in 1998 and it begins with this premise: nations don’t go to war, people go to war. Politicians don’t pay for wars; people pay for wars. I will always choose the path that minimize the risks of war; I believe all who, in one-way or another, claim to be advocates of the people, must do everything we can to stop wars even if the position we take is unpopular. Such a stand might come at a cost; only the willing take such risks. Cheap sloganeering doesn’t involve any risk–or courage.”

    Thank you kbur Haw Saleh for re-posting this article as I had not read it when it was published originally thirteen years ago. There’s gotta be something we can all come up with to frame our issues outside the Hgded sphere of influence. For now, I don’t know what that might be, but collectively we can certainly come up with something that most in the opposition can rally after.

    Sincerely,
    Beyan

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear Dr. Beyan

      It is okay ..don’t regret !!! Yours was also in prefect moment as you know. SGL is knows in advance..

      Ah !! if I only read your view above, I couldn’t write mine above.. see can you imagine?

      KS,,

  • Paulos

    Selam Aya Johar,

    Please forgive me for being rather obtuse but you seem to have lost me somewhere in the middle. Was following your aunt’s eventful life then struggled to make the connection or transition to the then twenty person meeting and its failure to remain cohesive. As I read through however, a question crept in my head where if it is
    at all practical to form a political party in Diaspora? Perhaps pressure groups would make a difference instead. What say you?

    • Saleh Johar

      Hi Paulos,
      The frustration goes on, but no one is giving up. Indeed, many groups in the diaspora still think they are an Eritrean Zoba

      I think, if it is a community center, it should stick to community social affairs. If a civic society, they should join the local chapters on their host country. Even if they are opposition, they should join the local parties. Fighting Isaias and his cliques should be left to those who consider it their goal to remove the monsters. This confused state is getting worse. One cannot chase a foreign nationality and life and want to mold the Eritrean issue to his situation forgetting the real people who have no other country. The, why bother to disrupt Eritrean cohesion if one has disowned the country and everything it’s stolen legacy stands for?

      I brief, I do not mean mind diaspora parties because they do not have a chance to live at home. But the rest groups with colorful names, I think Hari-kari is the best solution 🙂

      • Paulos

        Selam Ayay,

        Consider these: ጀነራል ፊሊጶስ አብ Seattle ተራእዩ ኢሎሞ: ኢሳያስ ሓሚሙ ኢሎሞ: ኣብ ኣስመራ ማይ ተሳኢኑ ኢሎሞ. These are the glimpses that feeds on our perception about the situation in Eritrea. Or are they really? They are fragments of the image our minds struggle to fill into the missing picture. A picture where the mind adds what it wants to hear and see not necessarily the reality on the ground. This kind of state of mind as you put it creates confusion and the confusion graduates into mental anguish and the mental anguish gets elevated onto a breakdown simply because the mind has been duped by the making of its own.

        The Irish, Italians and the Scots among others before us tried over the years to create a replica of their respective countries here in Diaspora and they haven’t been able instead they got swallowed into the melting pot. We certainly are not an exception. When we resist the assimilation, it creates a cultural shock and that leads into a breakdown as well. This brings us into the question if we are living in a bubble where we get deluded into believing that we can bring change in Eritrea by forming a political party here in Diaspora? Or is the “futile” attempt part of our defence mechanism in an attempt to maintain our traditions and values lest we get swallowed into the melting pot? Could this explain the stare of confusion we are in? One wonders!

        • blink

          Dear Paulos
          You hit the nerv, many people are wasting their time to replicate their Eritrean villages while they live in the west. I think this is double sword that can cut our people to a very deep problem. Let’s hope we first change our way of life in to more productive way.

        • Ismail AA

          Selam Paulos,

          Resistance to assimilation among first generation emigrant communities is on the main universal. It is fear from loss of identity driven nostalgia that abates with second and following generations. The first generation is more nostalgic for native culture, social mores and values or way of life in general. There is hardly an emigrant who arrives with instinctive final and binding resolution of permanent stay, and,therefore, struggles to maintain his originality and strives to inculcate it to his siblings at the expense of the cultures, mores and values, which create confusions and end up disadvantaging the younger members vis-a-vis bona fide counterparts in education and careers.

          • Paulos

            Selam Ismail AA,

            It is an open secret that Eritrean communities are sadly divided along religious, Adi or Zoba lines where more often than not the division gets ugly. The question is, why do we bring the them-vs-us dichotomy here in Diaspora? Precisely because we still think we live in Eritrea where one leg is rooted here and the other leg is in Eritrea. Moreover, we subconsciously associate the daunting challenges we face here with the social, economic and political problems in Eritrea. We lose a sense of clarity and it creates confusion even worse as a result. The lack of clarity as I see it, has well affected the new generation as they look up to us for guidance.

          • Ismail AA

            Selam Paulos,

            “… why do we bring the them-vs-us dichotomy here in Diaspora?” is a profound question that could stretch to philosophical levels since the challenge transcends the Eritrean milieu outside the homeland. The humble face value response to this question could be that emigrants come with cultural and social baggage of their original places. What Eritreans bring is also extension of what they had back home.

        • Haile S.

          Selam Paul and all,
          The rumors you mentioned reminded me of a rumor that really happened in Asmara longtime ago. I dramatized it a little bit. I placed it in Jebena.

          • Paulos

            Hailat,

            I am a big fan of “Family Guy” the animation TV series. The show has its moments where it gets you thinking where in this particular episode, Peter, Quagmire and Joe set out to find the origin of jokes after they heard a funny joke. If you really think about it, we hardly think or bother to figure out the origin of jokes or rumours that had huge influence on people’s opinion. A radom guy may start a rumor and it spreads out like a wildfire and becomes a fact particularly when spin doctors are involved where ባዶ ሰለስተ and እንዳ ሰብዓን ክልተን come to mind.

          • Selamat Paulos,

            They are part of architectures blue print. It is the inability of those not able to read and utilize the available infrastructure that we hear constantly of their monotonous frustrations. Think about it bro!

            By the way I read your enquiry of Dr. Tadese’s whereabouts… one of your Dehai-” where are they now inquiries…” Which reminded me of that gentleman’s speech I suffered immediately before our own SJG, the honored key note guest speaker, took the podium. The Dr.’s presentation with up to then date graphic printouts of spreadsheets, notable quotes, and arrows indicated charts was titled “Paradigm Shift”– this is in 2002. I suppose, he wa billed as one of those with modern tools to sway the significant gray haired hopefuls. I wasn’t impressed, because of his attempt to utilize me in spreading an absurd rumor which I will not state without a request. I was flabbergasted of the ridiculous self worth and his significant underestimation with his assessment of not only yours truly but evidently of Eritreans in general……

            Credit to SJG, he relieved the gathered by cutting short his speech to one sentence….

            Why am I blabbering on and on and on??? ባዶ ክልተን ርብዕን ዘይ ኣርክቦ ን ባዶ ሰለስተ ክንደይ ስል ዝተዓዘብናን ዝተደነቕናን፡፡ ኸሊዩና ‘ያ ኣኺ። ዊ ኖው ዊ ኣር በተር ዛን ዚ ቱ አፈክት ዝ ድዛየርድ ኣውትካም ኖው፡ ቢኮዝ ዮ/ዘይ ወር ኣወር ቲቸርስ፡፡ ኣት ዘ ቬሪ ሊስት፡ ዩ/ዘይ ዊል ቢ በተር ዛን ቢፎር ሻርፕ ቱልስ ቱ ቢ ኡቲላይዘድ ቬሪ ኢፈክቲቭሊ ፎር ዘ ድዛየርድ ኣውት ካም ኣት ዊል ኣኮርዲንግ ቱ ኣወር ዊምስ፡፡
            ጃስት ዱዊንግ ትሀ ስ.ኦ.ል.
            ጻጸ

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