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Pirates Of The PFDJ

In 1976, when the Derg announced the change of King Haile Selassie’s birr in Ethiopia, the general public was reluctant to surrender the currency to the bank. People perceived the birr as a currency “guaranteed with gold” though by then the world had long dropped the system of defining the value of currency with gold. But Haile Selassie’s currency enjoyed high confidence that people preferred to keep it instead of the Derg’s Birr. Eventually, many people lost the value of their money and watched in agony as Haile Selassie’s birr that they stashed turned into valueless paper.

In 1991, the EPRDF government reprinted the Derg’s currency with slight changes, mainly to reflect the boundary changes after the separation of Eritrea which continued to use the birr. However, it was not until 1997 that Eritrea introduced its own currency, the Nakfa, which became the expression of the latent differences between the two governments. A two-year devastating war ensued in 1998 and it didn’t wrap up before consuming the lives of over 100,000 people.

The Eritrean currency was misconceived and, since its launch, it has been mismanaged by partisan hacks as opposed to professional technocrats. Instead of an image of a national currency, the Nakfa remained PFDJ’s decorated IOU slip. The regime, the major player in all sectors of the economy, manipulated the money supply for its own partisan ends. For instance, insiders estimate that since 2010, between 70-80% of the 100 Nakfa bills were out of circulation; all stashed away by affiliates and crime partners of the regime and that “the 100 Nakfa was apparently re-printed in 2011 but never distributed.”

The practice of governments soliciting debt to fund war and peace projects is as old as history; issuing bonds as a debt instrument to fund wars is as old as banks. However, while nations with responsible governments and transparent systems optimize the wise use of publicly borrowed funds, their opposites—un-elected, totalitarian governments—use bonds to strangle the victimized citizens and to milk them of their hard earned savings. For instance, Ethiopia is funding the bulk of the $4.8 billion cost of building of the Renaissance Dam through government bonds!

Eritreans have 25-years long history with government bonds; they are used to being swindled by the PFDJ regime and its boss who considers them his mere subjects. They have witnessed numerous bonds being floated—in the guise of housing development, in the guise of privatization, and in the name of a host of phantom projects that are never mentioned once the funds securely reach the PFDJ coffers. Unfortunately, a big chunk of the Eritrean population has tolerated the regime while it relentlessly robbed them.

Luckily, over the last few years the situation has changed: Eritreans now have reached a consensus that the government that is lording over them as a sort of a mafia outfit has to be removed. It is not fit to govern a village let alone a diverse nation as Eritrea.

They Control The Eritrean Currency

The replacement of the Nakfa currency that started On Nov 3, 2015 was supposed to continue for six-weeks until mid-December, 2015, but it went for more than six-weeks—reportedly, it went on until last week. Ironically, the regime has yet to provide a convincing explanation of the motive for the replacement of the currency. The haphazard and frequent instructions, and the barrage of amended instructions concerning the replacement of the currency, is still not clear.

It is safe to assume that the Eritrean regime practically has its hands on every significant wad of Nakfa currency which is stashed in its vaults leaving a limited amount in circulation. Over the last few weeks tragic stories continue to leak out of Eritrea about suicides, insanity, and crimes related to people losing control of either their hard earned savings, or criminally acquired Nakfa. Having deposited the millions of Nakfa in the banks, many people are now waiting with fingers crossed hoping they would somehow be able to have access to their money.

The credit worthiness of the Eritrean regime is so low that not many citizens expect it to make good on its promises and pay back what it owes. It is notorious for reneging on its promises; thus, it maintained a despicable reputation. In 1790 George Hamilton said:

“We all agree that the main reason governments are formed is to protect the property of the people. Shall it be said that one of the first acts of this Government shall be to deprive citizens of this country of millions of dollars to which they are justly entitled? We may choose to cheat bondholders today. But, then how can we expect people to trust the Government to protect their safety and their liberty in the future”

That is why Eritreans are still living in anxiety and confusion since late last year when “on November 3rd, the Eritrean regime announced it will issue new currency and that Eritreans have six-weeks to surrender old currencies in exchange for new Nakfa at a 1:1 ratio.”

Shameless Deceit

And “The Awate Team” is convinced what the PFDJ regime executed was a sleek trick to borrow a no-interest money from the public using deceit and coercion as a means. Depositors will be lucky if at some time in the future they will have access to the money they helplessly surrendered to the PFDJ banks.

Such stealth hold ‘em up adventure was being planned in the presidential office for too long. For starters, the regime has narrowed down the exchange rate gap of the Nakfa, between the official rate and the black market—which ironically is controlled by the regime. It has also secured enough cash to fund the pay-raise it started to implement—double, triple and quadruple salary raise depending on whether one is national service member, a graduate or an under-educated conscript.

The latest escapade certainly enables the regime to buttress its national financial standing after it coerced the people into surrendering their money to its banks. In reality, though, it basically circulated treasury bonds, tricked and forced the people to buy the bonds with no guarantee it will ever honor the bank receipts for the deposited currency.

The government is still updating its list of how much money every citizen and corporation owns, it has already started investigations and is summoning people to security offices for questioning. But soon, once the list is cleaned and who owns how much money, and who deposited what amount is correctly updated, the low-profile intrusion in private affairs will be more nuanced. When the usual blackmail starts, many risk losing their money for good. However, the regime operatives and their business affiliates are not expected to be harmed unless—depending on the amount of money they control—they are perceived as a threat to the regime.

Since citizen can only withdraw a few thousands Nakfa from their bank account, whatever the amount, even the wealthy are living on a bare minimum cash. For some citizens, the allowed amount is hardly enough to last them for a week let alone a month. However, the regime justifies this by alleging that people can issue checks—but it’s for limited amounts only. Worse, the Eritrean economy is a cash economy and checks represent a tiny fraction of institutional transactions; individuals hardly use checks.

Over the last 25 years the nepotism circles of the regime and its crime syndicate has created a new class of nouveau riche. Money in the millions flowed to Eritrea as ransom payments for victims of human trafficking in the region. Efficient, ruthless crime syndicates, mainly sponsored by the regime’s security and military power, has been flourishing under the PFDJ—and that corrupted class is the backbone and the main reason for its survival.

The Know-It-All Capo

The Eritrean economy is mainly run by crude partisan cadres, rarely by professional technocrats. Operations are macro-managed by the know-it-all dictator himself. And as Adam Smith warned, such power in the hands of dangerous people like Isaias who has “the folly and presumption enough to fancy himself fit” to govern Eritrea. And he is empowered by foreign powers who do not care for Eritreans but for their selfish interests.

Eritrea’s mafia type economy functions for the benefit of the ruling party and its boss who uses the central bank as his personal vault disbursing funds through phone call orders—Isaias never signs a paper authorizing any of the millions that he disburses. His messengers who spend money buying anything from timber in Congo, to arms in Belgium, and oil in Dubai do his bids, including the signing. Almost two centuries ago, John Stuart Mill could have been talking about the PFDJ when he said,

“Not to add, that the issuers have, and in the case of government paper, always have, a direct interest in lowering the value of the currency because it is the medium in which their own debts are computed . . . Such power, in whomsoever vested, is an intolerable evil.”

Finally, when the announcement of the replacement of the currency came out, one of the rumored reasons was to usher the economy into an era of paperless currency. At the time of publishing, about one-quarter of the capital city is lighted by kerosene lamps, candles, and noisy private generators. Two quarters of the city is living in pitch darkness. and only one quarter has a temporary supply of power. It would take a regime change to just start contemplating an Asmara as cashless as Copenhagen. And it would take the erasing of the PFDJ painful memory to contemplate an Eritrean banking system with negative interest—where a depositor is required to pay a fee to have his money kept in a bank.

Further reading:
Eritrea’s new capital and social control through currency change

About Awate Team

The PENCIL is awate.com's editorial and it reflects the combined opinions of the Awate Team and not the individual opinion of team members.

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  • Ted

    Hi DD, I agree, ever since i can remembered exploiting Abbay river for good use is the dream of All Ethiopians( Abi has century old songs and poems to back me up;-). If it were not for the lack of resources, the former leaders of Ethiopia would had done the same. In the context of the IA interview, “Meles was emotional” make sense to me that he went ahead and started the construction without consulting downstream countries, case in point, Egyptians want to halt the construction( not the idea of the dam in itself) only because risk benefit assessment was not done properly. The international laws and procedures were not applied to the satisfaction of all parties otherwise it is Ethiopia’s right to use the river lawfully. This wrangling and escalation could have been avoided all together. I find IA’s take “ mega projects” don’t benefit Africa to be baseless rubbish, only tree huggers and lefty politicians of the WEST say that.

    • Dis Donc

      Dear Ted,
      I really am sorry to disappoint you but I pay little attention to what he says or not. I was only making a legal case for which Ethiopia is within her right to do so. She exploited the situation very well in starting the construction. In fact, it will not have gotten off the ground without securing the legal background and Egypt would not have allowed it. Moreover, Egypt never came to the negociating table, ever. They used to even threaten Ethiopia of never been allowed to take a Chilfa of water from the nile. But here we are, no?!

      • Ted

        Hi DD,” In fact, it will not have gotten off the ground without securing the legal background and Egypt would not have allowed it ” you got valid point although Ethiopia can go unilaterally with the project if they refuse.
        Why would i get disappointed. I don’t care or pay attention suffice.

  • tes

    Dear Hope,

    First: DIA denied PMMZ before. At that time PMMZ was alive. how come then DIA is mentioning about their good days?

    Second: My point was very specific. one: DIA did not mention the word Arab in his interview.

    Third: I am not saying DIA is lying or not. but what he said is political gambling and fueling hate between two people.

    Fourth: I believe that what PMMZ decided for this project was the right step that will be remembered by both countries. Dis Donc has provided some references if you are more interested. Ethiopian leaders had a long dream to be materialized for this project and since the conception of this idea Egypt didn’t stop from pointing at Ethiopia, sometimes very worrisome.

    Now having this project materialized both countries will settle their historical tension and will work together for the common prosperity.

    Mind you when I write about this I know what Nile River is for Egyptians. My only wish is not politicizing on this life-to-death issue. DIA is very stupid to say this if MZ said.

    tes

  • tes

    Dear Hope,

    You are always funny.

    Ok on the Bisha mining center, what I wrote about is open to the public. If you are in doubt go and check it and in case you don’t have time ask saay7 or AOsman. They have good archiving system.

    tes

  • tes

    Dear Hope,

    I have said what I have to say and as you claim I have also more than enough facts to conclude as such.

    tes

  • Abi

    Hope Gerageru
    You said,” PMMZ unilaterally decided to assassinate PIA and change the eri regime.”
    I agree with you 100%. PIA should have been consulted. Are you kidding me?
    Thank you for the good laugh.

  • sara

    Dear hope, Eritrea leasing Asab to Saudi and emiratees by extention to Arabs etc
    Red Sea being an Arab sea ….ethiobian p.m comments… vs
    Ethiobia building a dam, comments by Eritrean president.

  • Peace!

    Selam Dis Donc,

    Thank you sir. I have absolutely no intention to undermine the project. If the doctor is wrong, that’s a good news. But that wasn’t the case at least as far as the question I put forward concerned: DIA said Meles’s decision to build the Renaissance Dam was out of emotion. I thought it was an interesting point and tried to get some feedback, but as you can see my Ethiopian friends gone wild.

    Peace!

    • Dis Donc

      Dear Peace,
      I am only negating the Doctor’s statement. Nothing more or less!

  • Peace!

    Abish,

    ምንድነው ኣብየ? Do you know I like you more when you get angry for no reason:) And last night Verizon, the cool guy, almost killed me for nothing. what’s wrong with you guys? I even call you Abish to show my love and respect. Well, I still think we are still good friends. I have saved good songs for you just let me know when you ready. By the way you made my day, still laughing!

    Peace!

    • Abi

      Peace
      I love you too. Aderahin
      Begdbu atmTabign. It is our way of fighting poverty. For a poor country like ours it is a big deal.
      We are always friends. I am glad I made you laugh. I don’t know which part of my ” angry” comment made you laugh.

      “Abay molto, Tana molto esat yizorewal
      YiTefatal enji meche yishagerewal!!!!”

      I’m always ready for music. Give me Getachew Kassa ” Ageren Atnkuwat ”
      Thanks Peace Arkey!

  • Dis Donc

    Dear Abi,
    the way you argue is very antagoning. You can do better in debating rather reminding people of their lowest points. That just isn’t the way to go. Go after facts and reason and you will succed…

  • A.Osman

    Dear Hope,

    OK I must have misunderstood your following comment:

    I really enjoyed it and am not sure what Peace is talking about!
    Comprehensive but to the point and convincing interview

    When he allows ERITREANS to feel ownership of their country, then we will talk about collective failures. For now feel free to join him, for me the blame lands square on NSU as he is on a one man show.

    Regards
    AOsman

  • AWGET

    That means with the total defeat of the Dergue/WPE at the hands of
    the EPLF and the total loss into the hands of the EPLF of its political
    cards and with the absence of any organized political party or organization
    that can substitute it in power……..there arose a necessity to find any org.
    or party even the Tplf to temporarily take the seat of power in Ethiopia lest
    the country spare even at least temporarily from disintegration.
    This is the only no alternative fact or choice that necessitated to settle for the
    bare minimum possible choice of mounting the Tplf at the helm of political
    state power in Ethiopia.

  • Peace!

    Dear All,

    Could it really be true that, according to the president of Eritrea, Meles’s decision to build the Renaissance dam was totally out of emotion?

    Although Ethiopia’s right to exploit its God given resources on its place, what IA said in his last interview on merits and demerits of the under construction dam raises legitimate questions: what was the main reason for the decision if it was not emotional? Was enough thought given that the country is ready to meet the challenges that could possibly drag the country into unnecessary war with its neighbors?

    Or, was Meles too smart to come up with the brilliant idea to allure nationalism ኢትዮጽያውነት which was diminishing as the result of ethnic federalism?

    Peace!

    • tes

      Dear Peace!

      How come! We brought the same point at the same time but I know why you are interested on it. Mine is a different (I guess so) as I far away from the TPLF but on the consequence of such speeches on the Ethio-Egypt politics. What DIA trying to say said is really dangerous and an invitation of war between two people.

      This is what why I say PFDJ is a terrorist group that always works to create war and chaos. And indeed DIA is the master mind of all such moves. Even if PMMZ said such unofficial talks can not be exposed unless there is something is expected to happen.

      Shame to DIA.

      I hope Ethiopia and Egypt to be wise from this satan.

      tes

      • Peace!

        tes my man,

        Last time you brought a very good question that whether Ethiopia is a strategic ally or strategic place, and now you are saying you are far away from TPLF. ^_^

        My point, or effort, is to find out if there are scientifically proven reasons for the prime minister to insist on building the dam. If you want to share, please feel free.

        Peace!

        • tes

          Dear Peace!

          When I mention TPLF in my piece what I mean is targeting TPLF as a political entity which is your favorite subject. My point was on the consequences of such hate-mongering talks.

          Let me tell you this before talking on the scientific issues of the dam.

          DIA personally is supervising all dams which are under construction now. If we see all these dams there is a serious question to be raised.

          Eritrea has closed all major river tributaries that were feeding major rivers flowing to Sudan. To mention some major projects:

          1. Gerset – a feeder to river Setit/Tekeze then flow all along Kasala. Kasala and its surrounding areas were beneficiaries.

          2. Fank (two dams) – tributary to river Gash – and then flow via Kasala. These two dams cut any run-off which was feeding river Gash.

          3. Anseba dam – built in Kerkebet area – a major river dam constructed in 2011 has blocked major water flow that was feeding agricultural areas in Sudan and also was joining river Barka to join Nile river.

          4. There are recently two dams constructed along Mereb river tributaries (DIA is personally stationed to supervise these dams). These two dams have reduced dramatically the runoff which was supposed to feed river Setit/Tekeze.

          (I can provide you the GPS location on extracted from google if you insist).

          Then can we say that these dams were constructed out of emotions? Revenge? Out of scientific establishments?

          Dear Peace!, everybody knows what Nile River is to Egyptians: it is life. Anyone who tries to intervene in between is dangerous. Though MZ took an initiative to construct this dam it was a dream of Ethiopian leaders from the beginning of the 19thC to build a dam. Hailessilase had a plan, Derg had a plan and I think other previous leaders had too.

          DIA has personally engineered the construction of all dams all along major rivers. What I could say is DIA is guilty first for such acts before pointing to others. And Egypt should be serious on what DIA is doing. No one can ignore such acts when it comes to the major river tributaries of Nile river catchments. It is really serious and a life threatening for all Egyptian population.

          Personally I believe all recently constructed dams under DIA’s supervision along major river tributaries are basically political weapons that were initiated to halt GERD.

          tes

    • Abi

      Hi Peace
      Meles was banking on the Unwavering Ethiopian Nationalism. End
      Of Story.

      • Peace!

        Dear Abish,

        I am afraid you miss the point although what is unfolding in the country doesn’t seem a result of unwavering Ethiopian nationalism; otherwise, it would be nice if you could share scientific reasons the prime minister deployed to make critical decision.

        Peace!

        • Abi

          Peace
          Really? I will share with you the economic reasons. 6000 MW ( Mega Worq). More dabo ! Electric power is coming to Ethiopians while you are told to go and live where the imaginary water is.
          Your worries are misplaced. anyway , thanks for your gorebetawi concerns.
          Wodaj lemeche new?

          • Peace!

            Abish,

            Obviously I am not worrying, but since the public and even investors wasn’t given an opportunity to critique before the construction began, I don’t blame you for believing what the decision makers had to say to sale the project. The truth is, at least according experts, the 6000MW is highly exaggerated; This what the experts are saying:

            “A number of experts believe the dam is not going to produce as much power as is claimed, and that the dam should be smaller in size for efficiency and cost. Asfaw Beyene, a Professor of Mechanical Engineering at San Diego State University (California) says the dam is 300% over-sized. “More than half of the turbines will be rarely used,” he says. “GERD’s available power output, based on the average of river flow throughout the year and the dam height, is about 2,000 megawatts, not 6,000. There is little doubt that the system has been designed for a peak flow rate that only happens during the 2-3 months of the rainy season. Targeting near peak or peak flow rate makes no economic sense.” Beyene notes that that the issue is so highly politicized that “it seems to suppress legitimate engineering inputs and environmental discussions.” He suggests that the concerned authorities should make the project transparent, and resize the hydroelectric power output by reducing the number of turbines.”

            Now, if you think 2000MW is worth of spending billions of dollars while 20 million of Ethiopians are dying of starvation, and if you think it is worth of going to war with neighbors for 2000MW, nothing to argue but to say GOOD Luck!

            peace!

    • አዲስ

      Peace,

      PIA really care for us Ethiopians and our country 🙂

      Thanks,
      Addis

      • Abi

        Addise
        He doesn’t just care. According to trusted insiders, Tegadalay Isayas Afrwerqi and his mighty eplf were fighting for unified Ethiopia. Hahahaha…….Eway! Gud metsiyu !!

        • አዲስ

          Hahaha Abi,

          We should at least reserve a plot for him at Holy Trinity Cathedral in Addis. That’s the least we can do for a national hero.

          What a joke this guy is, now he’s a rumor monger just like those neighborhood woman at coffee ceremonies who loves gossiping.

          Thanks,
          Addis

          • Abi

            Addise,
            You are a little bit too late. I have already proposed a site for his statue in the center of Addis.
            “ShermuTa sitarej taqaTiralech.”

          • አዲስ

            Abi,

            Hahaha you are killing me. That last line describe him perfectly.

            Thanks,
            Addis

      • Peace!

        Selam Adiss,

        Although he didn’t say he cares, I agree. The point is rather if what the president said is not true, don’t you think the best way to prove him wrong is to revisit and discuss the scientific motives Meles used to make the decision?

        peace!

        • Ted

          Hi Peace,There were ways to build the dam without affecting relationships or getting in conflict with Egypt and Sudan.I don’t know how it can be explained other than emotional decisions. Let alone this big a project, any undertaking involving multiple countries requires deliberation and compromise regardless of conflicting interests. Ethiopia have every right to use their resource but also had to negotiate with Egyptians and Sudan to the END before break ground for construction. For those Ethiopians who want to shoot the messenger, the issue is very much fluid, pray things don’t get out of hand because of your impulsive and spiteful leader. Whatelse is new here,It is the story of Ethiopian leaders to mishandle things badly, eventually, things explode in their face. What nationalism are you talking about? Gibbe dam is Oromos’, Tekeze is Tigrayans’, Renaissance dam is Amharas’s, Assab is Eritreans’, take it easy Abi;-)

          • Peace!

            Ted My man,

            Did you watch Cam Newton destroying Cardinals? Much respect for the Man, 300+ passing yards and 2 TDs!!! Anyways, so far our Ethiopian friends have not come with anything other than “unwavering Ethiopian nationalism to prove the claim made by the president.”: Lets wait may be they are watching football Game.

            Peace!

          • Ted

            Hi peace, Cam newton is quite a character(I am not done yet) he said. I believe him.Who you with; Brancos or Pantheres. Before you pick, remember Feb is black history month:-) Tommorow Spurs will face baby Warriors. That will be fun.

          • Abi

            Ted
            How about them bulls!

          • Ted

            Hey abi, You saw the Cavs vs Bulls game. They got us when were were restructuring. No biggie.
            Something you mentioned we needing a shrink, you are being hard on yourself. I believe,eventually you will make Weyane bit the dust and i feel your pain and frustration you can not do it fast enough. Unfortunately it is killing you from inside we Eritreans want the same thing .Something about the dam, don’t get emotional, discuss the facts. The fact is the dam project fall short in its due diligence in its implementation and diplomatic negotiation. Weyane could have handled the whole thing better. Wish you the Best.

          • Abi

            Thank you Tediye yene cher asabi.
            Don’t worry about the dam. It is coming alright. Egypt tried everything in its power to stop it .
            The calves got smashed by the Bulls big time. Sorry. I heard the King is restructuring his cabinet . Good Luck..

          • tes

            Dear Ted,

            I do not know you guys how screwed you are. Did you forget that DIA denied his relationship with MZ when he was alive? How come then he talks on their good time? Isn’t DIA playing the last remaining card to ignite war between Ethiopia and Egypt?

            DIA is nothing but a man who has disturbed the whole region (Horn of Africa) for the last 25 years. Now he is trying to expand his programs far away such as Egypt and Yemen.

            Ted and Peace! if you really care about Eritrea talk on justice not on how much you hate TPLF. Even Medrek understood how wrong they were on their misunderstanding to consider EPRDF as an enemy.

            tes

          • Ted

            Hi tes, Peace and I were not about IA’s intentions. For starters, Egyptian’s attitude as a sole owner of Nile is deplorable. They need to know Ethiopia has every right to appropriate its share of nile according current the international law. The problem, Weyane didn’t exhaust every means to solve the disagreement before starting the project. That is important for peaceful coexistence. That make me think it were handled wrongly. Where do you see we went wrong here and I would have liked IA to zip his mouth shut for what he knows since it does not involve Eritrea .
            You are now friends with Medrek. You are more unpredictable than this days weather. It was not long ago you tore these group in to pieces as remnant of PFDJ wanting to extend IA’s ruling. It suck to be in your head.

          • tes

            Hi Ted,

            The best decision ever done by PMMZ in his entire period of governance was to start GERD. many Ethiopian leaders failed to start this project though they didn’t stop from using it as a political weapon. Now the project is in progress it is very simple to settle issues that matters. In fact a friendly approach will exist since Egypt won’t go into war for what ever reason it is and Ethiopia will stop using this water catchment issue as a political tool.

            As my understanding Ethiopia’s intention is not to harm Egyptian people but to be a beneficiary of her natural resources on a minimum bases.

            Coming to Medrek,

            Well my believe is though Ethiopia is our historical enemy I don’t want to be chained by it. I want to move on. I can not ignore history and I can not be chained by it. I want to move on. If we see Europe’s history it is much more worse. However they wanted to end that dirty history of enmity and live in harmony and co-existence. The same historical lesson is what I use when I want a peaceful co-existence of these two countries.

            Medrek, as opaque as they were now they are trying to expose themselves and somehow understanding the grievances of Eritrean opposition political landscape. And I believe that what Ambassader Andebrhan did during the Nairobi meeting was some of remnant of PFDJ political culture. Hopefully he apologized and now moving to the next level. It is a good opportunity of reconciliation.

            Remember I believe on the awate.com motto.

            “Inform, Inspire, embolden and Reconcile”

            In my political approach I adhere to this philosophy.

            tes

          • Ted

            Hi tes, lets play who said the following. How do you forgive this person unless you are kuku to begin with.
            -What Medrek did is just like forming a company by investing money and recruit people while the idea is owned by the CEO of the company. It is known from the very beginning who is the CEO and how he extended his stuff members. Do not therefore be surprised……
            . Lots of things to learn. At the same time Ambassader Andebrhan is not free from his PFDJ mindset. He thinks that he is the boss. I met him in Bologna last year(July 2014). And what I learned from a 2 minutes conversation is his arrogant behavior. ….
            -Now it is clear how the 1994 University of Asmara victimized professors became his direct sheep of sacrifice. he is guilty of his arrogant behaviour and ignorance of justice. thanks his academic achievement has camouflaged his totalitarian behavior.
            -Lets remember that Medrek has a recruited members. Its members are not there based on principle but hired to accomplish an already set objectives
            .-Ambassader Andebrhan could have used the old lines of fund generating experience to shift some of the budget which was channeled to EPLF and now PFDJ.

          • tes

            Dear Ted,

            What I said still remains true concerning Amb; Andebrhan. I hope however Medrek to be greater than the good ambassador by now. If not this organization will remain guilty. No one will forget what this ambassador did. And remember to reconcile does not mean to make someone free pf guiltiness.

            To inform means to tell what has happened

            To inspire means to motivate on what is right

            To embolden means to make someone to be determined

            And Reconcile means to say ok this is the history but lets move from today on wards. To move on however does not mean to forget but to know and acknowledge on what has been done.

            All I say is within this atmosphere.

            tes

          • V.F.

            Hi tes, please don’t be hostile to me now. I just have one opinion but everytime I write to you or something that might interest you, I get nervous not knowing how terribly you will misunderstand what I said and how mean you would be. Okay leaving that aside. Here is the point I am trying to make. Whether we like it or not, Medrek is positioned much better than any other remnants of Jebha and whatever else. Sorry to Amanuel Hidrat etc. But if you listen to Medrek on the radio, they do seem to have a very big network within the PFDJ system. That is power right there – information is power. For example, yesterday they reported that IA is working with Emirates and Saudi Arabia to stop the satellite broadcast of radio Erena, Medrek, and Assenna. Nobody else had this information. Everyday they report something totally new, at least to me. Plus they have commanded some respect from lots of intellectuals. Very important also they seem to have found a pretty good working ground with Ethiopia. In my opinion, they have the best shot at brining about change from within by recruiting PFDJ members to conduct a coup. That is the most plausible situation right now. We will see. Either way, nobody can be worse than Isaias Afwerki. And he is talking about how he lectured Meles Zenawi about the Nile and its implications to Egypt. With respect to that, I think you are totally over reacting. There is no one who cares about what IA says in the Horn or Middle East. He is nobody. Gerewegna is what he became to use his infamous word.

          • tes

            Dear V.F.,

            Be brave first then comment.

            tes

          • V.F.

            Dear tes, you think you are something but you are nobody and nobody cares about your stupid nonstop Mumbo jumbo about things you have no clue about. I encourage you to focus on your education and leave politics to expert politicians. You don’t know squat but you got a fat head.

          • Ted

            Hi tes, enough with your absurd justification. Can’t you see the contrast. My post is meant to help you identify yourself when looking in to the mirror. There is not much people can do to help except yourself. Consider Ted did his part. Your very welcome.

          • tes

            Dear Ted,

            I don’t use a broken mirror. Go and melt down first before you try to be.

            tes

          • Abraham Hanibal

            Selam Tes,
            All in all a good post, but I do not agree with your claim, “Medrek understood how wrong they were on their misunderstanding to consider EPRDF as an enemy.” What Medrek tried to do was to convene a meeting of the Eritrean opposition groups outside Ethiopia, by securing funds from other sources other than Ethiopia. The reason they did this was to try and alleviate any real or perceived pressure from the Ethiopian authorities on some of the Eritrean opposition groups. After many years of conferences in Ethiopia which didn’t bear fruit, it was natural to try other venues. So Medrek doesn’t consider the EPRDF as an “enemy”, that claim is simply false. And I’m sure that you would not provide any evidence for your claim. In their struggle against the Isayas regime, Eritreans need the support of not only Ethiopia, but also other neighboring countries and the international community in general.

          • V.F.

            Dear aman, just last week, medrek leadership held very productive talks with prime minister Desalegn. The spirit of cooperation is very high. There is some hope in ambassador Andeberhan, Dr. Asefaw and co.

        • አዲስ

          Peace,

          His excellency DIA don’t even need to utter a word for us to know he cares about us 🙂 Just his long gaze to the south is enough haha..

          Why would you expect me to prove his excellency’s scientific assertion wrong? Is there any body capable enough in the world to prove his excellency wrong? that’s impossible. All we need to do is accept whatever his eminence say as the truth and the only truth. We are indeed blessed to have somebody like him to care for us not to get into another conflict 🙂

          Thanks,
          Addis

          • Peace!

            Dear Addis,

            Well, since you are a smart guy, I would say you are not willing to share.

            Peace!

          • አዲስ

            Peace,

            Come on peace. How can I be smart enough to reply to this kind of brilliant logic? It’s out of this world I tell you. So lucky to have him 🙂

            https://twitter.com/UpfrontAfrica/status/690974192792178688

            Thanks,
            Addis

    • Dear Peace,
      Please ask your beloved president, if Gedli was an emotional manifestation of his internal contradictions. The decision as much as the GERD is concerned, was an assertion of Ethiopia’s right to use its rivers, to fight poverty, develop her economy and the wellbeing of its citizens. DIA’s beloved friends, Egyptian leaders of today and of the past, with a lot of contempt for Ethiopia, declared themselves owners of Ethiopian rivers with pieces of paper they signed with the British and the Sudanese in 1929 and 1959 without asking Ethiopia. Today DIA and the defenders of his crimes are telling Ethiopia that building the GERD is emotional. Is it emotional to say that Ethiopia needs power to set in motion her development, get out of poverty, hope to become a low-middle income country in the near future, etc? If DIA and his supporters believe that they can develop Eritrea on 200MW of electricity, good for them. Only that half of Asmara will remain in darkness every night; forget about Eritrean villages and industries. What DIA said comes only from the mouth of a defeated and hopeless person.

      Ethiopians are not going to lose their sleep because DIA and his supporters are begging and praying day and night for Egypt to attack Ethiopia. The GERD is 50% completed, Ethiopians, Egyptians and Sudanese officials are discussing how to find a way to benefit the three
      countries, Egypt is in turmoil and what the future brings is unknown, and you are daydreaming and waiting for Godot to attack Ethiopia. The failure in all fields that characterize DIA, the PFDJ and its supporters, is making them irrational and daydreamers.

      When one of the supporters of DIA (Ted) says that Gibe dam is Oromo, Tekeze is Tigrayan and the GERD is Amhara, he is purposefully ignoring that Ethiopia has chosen to be a federation, where different ethnic groups live together in peace, work together to build their country and hope together for a better Ethiopia. Similarly, one could say that Assab is Afar, the mini-dams belong to this or other ethnic group, etc. Therefore, it is no good to throw a stone when one lives in a glass house. Eritrean ethnic groups (big or small) will be (feel) Eritreans only if you first accept them as ethnic groups with equal rights and have the right to care for their everyday affair. That is what Ethiopia is trying to do, although not yet perfect. If a country does not accept that it is the sum total of its individual ethnic groups or if individual ethnic groups do not want to be part of the whole, when they cannot survive otherwise, then both are entertaining a disaster.

      • Peace!

        Selma Verizon,

        Nothing personal here it is just a simple discussion plus this is not your first time accusing me of conspiracy for simply raising Ethiopian people’s issue. If you are here just to enjoy reading the suffering of Eritreans, you are at the right place just cover your eyes when someone comments on the suffering of Ethiopian people.

        Now, if you have something to share as to whether there were convincing motives other than emotional for the prime minister to make critical decision, I am more than happy to listen other than that I heared our president said we have food surplus why not asking him to ship some of it into our neighbor Ethiopia to save some lives. What do you think?

        Peace!

        • Dear Peace,
          Please do so, if you believe the words of DIA. Tell him to send some food to Ethiopia to save some lives. Nevertheless, make sure that Eritrea can really afford it, Eritreans do not go hungry for the sake of Ethiopians, or are forced to take fewer calories than required. It is this mentality that has kept us backward, that we are better; and yet we show nothing for it. It is not I who is wishing misfortune for the Eritrean people. It is the actions of DIA, the PFDJ and its supporters that is hurting Eritreans. You do not need to be a rocket scientist to see this.

        • tes

          Dear Peace!,

          You might have a problem in Tigrigna, what do you think?

          What DIA said was for 2014 rain season. DIA didn’t deny for the shortage of rainfull in 2015 and he was talking on providing the needed demand to be made ready ahead of time. Of it is already 6 months gone without preparation.

          Seriously food security in PFDJ terms is providing grains: wheat, sorghum and lentils. that is it.

          But what is food security? Is it only fulfilling cereal demand?

          Where do you live by the way?

          tes

          • Peace!

            tes, my man,

            I can tell you but I am sure you won’t know it because I live in a totally different planet.

            Peace!

      • Music Novice

        Greetings Horizon,

        I think, the GERD, when completed, will benefit both the people of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Ethiopia could sell electricity at a discount to brotherly Eritrea.

        On this issue, it is the various Egyptian governments who have been acting as little bullies. The Ethiopian government had been relatively modest, consulting all those countries that are associated with the Nile. The Egyptians are acting as if they own the Nile and have demanded an increase in their share of the Nile water from some 60% to around 90%.

        The Egyptians feel they are important because the Americans bribe them with one or two billion dollars per year to keep the peace with Israel. This money, in turn, prevents bread riots from happening on the streets of Cairo.

        I do not believe that the Egyptian government has the military capacity to attack Ethiopia, in addition to being afraid of political and diplomatic fallouts internationally; what they will continue to do is to support ethnic movements in Ethiopia as they have been doing it in the past.

        The Ethiopian government should not repeat the past mistakes of previous regimes. They should follow a more inclusive policy toward their ethnic groups, to prevent the thief from sneaking in through a loophole.

        • Abi

          Hi Music
          I like to listen to this kind of music.

          • Music Novice

            Greetings Abi,

            We should all sing Realpolitik based music for the benefit of our brotherly people. Because there is only one life, and it is here on Earth; and nowhere else.

        • Dis Donc

          Dear Musik and Horizon,

          I want to add the legal dimension to your discussions, here. Abay is an international river and as such is to be governed by international laws. Article IV of the Helsinki agreement provides a clear statement on the usage of international rivers: “Each basin State is entitled, within its territory, to a reasonable
          and equitable share in the beneficial uses of the waters of an international
          drainage basin.” After saying this, what is a reasonable and equitable share within the meaning of article IV is to be determined in the light of all the relevant factors in each particular case. If we use leyman’s term and divide Abay’s annual water outflow into three, that is a larger share that Ethiopia will get. This simply means that Ethiopia has the right to utilize Abay in an equitable way with both Sudan and Egypt. No one can tell her that she cannot use Abay; as said on many ocassions by Egypt!!!

          Now that is out of the way, let us examine how hydroelectric dam mean and how it works. In hydro dams, water is usually let go unhindered in a timely fashon. This means that 100% of annual water outflow will not be affected in normal operation. The only major problem will be during the first accumulation, in which lower basin states will be affected greatly. This effect can easily be avoided if water is collected in high season. Other loses such as evaporation, environmental and such do exist but they are not only minor loses but also unpreventable with or without the dam.

          Although, the man on the street may not know ths fact, Egyptian elites and their lawyers do know these facts. But as we all know, the world is full of people looking for insecurities to exploit. Even if the Egyptians get desperate and attack Ethiopia, they will stand to lose immensely interms of damage costs, punitive damages and political repurcussions. For a simple fact that Ethiopia violated no international rule….

          • Music Novice

            Greetings Dis Donc,

            A very good post.

          • tes

            Dear Dis Donc,

            as I can see you have a sound knowledge on Water Resources issue. I could join you and take my part on Water Resources for Eritrea and what a Water resource engineering is. But I am afraid here it is more of politicizing the issue than enlightening.

            But let me tell you this. An Engineer who educate DIA on dam and water and soil conservation construction issue was also my teacher* (not on academic but on field). His name is Engineer Ghirmai. Engineer Girmai graduated in Civil Engineering in 1974 and since after he is the father of water resources projects in Eritrea. Before independence he worked with Catholic Church to construct all small dams and wells throughout Eritrea.

            And after independence he continued his professional contribution. He worked with Segen Construction as chief designer and consultant. I got a chance to work under his supervision, in fact, as his representative in two big dams (Gerset and Fanko- tsimue) and one small dam near Adi-Keih. I was a part time worker (seasonal) as I was in my university years.

            Engineer Ghirmai helped Segen Construction to establish an Dam Engineering office which is now actively designing and supervising almost all major water resource related projects.

            The first time DIA took a lesson on construction of dam was in Gherset Dam Project. My class-mate was responsible for the engineering work as he was a full time employee of the Engineer and later I joined him during the project work.

            DIA became close friend with Engineer Ghirmai until he took some basic engineering terminologies and later. Until Gherset project reached its final construction phase DIA was a registered student.

            Soon after DIA formed an engineering office under the office of President. He selected capable engineers that are under his direct supervision. Unfortunately those engineers left one by one when DIA assumed his “Chief of Engineering Project”. DIA as a graduated student wanted to proof his skills. As a first step he took a full responsibility of Adi-Halo Dam project and is now the head of engineering works.

            It is very sad. The dam which he is supervising was designed by Civil Engineering 2007 batch students with collaboration of Segen Construction Company. His greediness to be the chief of everything then did not let him encourage those students to supervise the project.

            I am mixing lots of information at a time in trying to give you a gist on how DIA controls everything though there are capable engineers who could do better work than the dictator. I always feel sad when I remember these days.

            tes

          • Dis Donc

            Geez, oh dios mio. This is very sad.

      • kazanchis

        Dear Horizon,

        I haven’t heard what Mr. Isayas has said about GERD, but if I understand it correctly from your comment that he claimed Ethiopia is building the dam in emotional basis. Well, I expect him to keep on tarnishing the rising Ethiopia. So I wouldn’t be surprised. But, we need to note that GERD is the biggest ever project that Ethiopia could build on its rivers. All the other future dams will be lower in capacity, size and cost. Ethiopia also have accumulated these dam building capacity and withstanding financial obstacles and skilled personnel gaps by building Gibe I, II, III, Tekeze, Tana-Beles and so on.

        Had there been economy and development fond government system in neighboring Eritrea, I believe it is a massive opportunity to buy cheap electricity from few hundred kilometers than produce with relatively expensive cost. Eritrea could have intensified its industrial sector and attract more and more investors. unfortunately, DIA prefers to play political card which aims at taking Ethiopia down as if it boosts Eritrea. The fact of the matter is that he has never worried even for a minute for the wellbeing of Eritrea and its people. He never have blamed himself for the nightmares Eritreans are enduring but rather he blames CIA all the time.

        Back here, Egypt will always work to stagnate Ethiopia and I have no doubt they would welcome with open arms the likes of DIA. It is up to Ethiopians to defend our interests on our river. Yes, we won’t lose sleep by what DIA could do or say, even Egypt’s pressure and lobbying didn’t halt the construction. The year 2016 is so crucial for Ethiopia and GERD, I expect the dam will near 75-85% completion.

        • Amde

          Dear kazanchis,

          I have always understood the GERD to be primarily a political instrument. As you indicated it was the largest possible dam that could be built on the Blue Nile. And as you indicated, all other dams that will be built in the future will be smaller, through sheer geography. The other crucial feature of the GERD location is that it is economically not viable to use the GERD water (it is supposed to hold more water than Lake Tana by the time it is done) for consumption purposes such as irrigation. The water will just spin the turbines and continue on its merry way. The true risk to Egypt and Sudan is thus low, the benefit to Sudan is high (through flow regulation). I believe the Egyptian government and experts are well aware of this, but to the Egyptian street, this is a profound (almost existential) political problem.

          As Hayat indicated earlier, the GERD is already paying for itself by starting the process of forcing Egypt and Sudan to recognize themselves as co-stewards of the Nile watershed with Ethiopia, rather than the current/old zero-sum game. It presents especially Egypt with a politically potent fait-accompli that is driving a process of dialog. This dialog (or trialog?) right now is just on the mechanics of the GERD, but I believe that will eventually evolve to integrated watershed management.

          And that is key. Because SOME of the smaller dams that WILL be built will end up consuming water for irrigation among other things. And that is a more difficult problem to sell to the Egyptian street. Institutions and processes already established to work this out will make those next projects a lot more viable.

          Personally, I feel the GERD has the potential to create a durable strategic partnership between Egypt and Ethiopia. And peace between Cairo and Addis Ababa can only mean peace from Asmara to Mogadishu, spoilers be damned.

          Amde

          • Dear Amde,
            The issue Egypt has with Ethiopia, as much as water is concerbed, is the Blue Nile River, and the water that flows in the Blue Nile gorge. The Blue Nile gorge is not suitable for a major water consuming irrigation farming. That is why Ethiopia is stressing that she is not going to cause appreciable harm to the downstream countries by building the GERD. Behind the water issue, and on top of the many internal problems Egypt faces, the thorn in her side that does not allow her a peaceful sleep is also Ethiopia becoming a regional power. Egypt knows that Ethiopia has more resources and manpower to excel Egypt in few decades, if she could find peace and use her potentials. This is Egypt’s main problem. Egypt’s economy is supported by aid from the US (as is Ethiopia’s), Saudi Arabia and the Gulf States with billions of dollars, tourism is no more a viable industry due to the insecurity tourists feel whenever they visit Egypt, Egypt is not a major oil producing country, and the oil era is ending. After few decades, oil-dependent Arab economies will be in a dire situation. Therefore geopolitical hagemony plays a major role on top of water requirements.

            As much as other Ethiopian river basins are concerned, those in Gambella and Oromia, unless she uses them for irrigation farming, she will never be able to defeat famine. Ethiopia will use them, whether Egypt likes it or not. Logically, it should be of no problem to Egypt, because the water of those rivers is lost mainly in the marshes of South Sudan, which contributes only 15% of the waters of the Nile. If they try to create a problem, it is mainly due to geopolitical hegemony and not exclusively a water issue.

          • Amde

            Selam Horizon,

            Good post. Aren’t there tributaries of the blue nile that can b used for irrigation?

            Amde

          • Dis Donc

            Dear Amde and Horizon,
            Tributaries are different animals in international laws. Please read on them and you will find the answer.

          • Indeed Amde; but, I think that irrigation farming on these tributaries is not going to be big or have major impact on the flow of the Blue Nile. That is what the Egyptians evade to understand. In the future river basins with irrigable fertile land are going to be extremely important resources for a country. Ethiopia is blessed with these. Millions of hectares of irrigated land in Baro, Akobo, Omo, Genale, Wabi Shibele, Awash etc river basins, added to rain-fed farming will give food security for Ethiopia in the future.

            I hope D.D. will tell us in few words what the international law says about tributaries. I could not find myself.

          • kazanchis

            Dear Amde,

            You are entitled for your opinion. I can’t coerce you not to see GERD as ‘primary political instrument’. I understand your thought completely as Egypt has been the catalyst and the sponsors of civil war and unrest in Ethiopia historically. They have worked with the policy to weaken Ethiopia and to keep it backward and underdeveloped. So as to minimize the any threats arises from Ethiopia to their Nile water share. Ethiopia has been indeed too weak for the past several decades until 2005.

            During Emperor Haile Silassie regime Ethiopia was in its knees due to the fact of feudalism effects to the people and poor economic performance at large. Derg was also too dumb to systematically solve Ethiopia’s complicated problems, the success stories of Derg might be ending feudal land system and strong results in adult education and illiteracy reduction. Ethiopia used to allocate about 75% of its GDP for military, that sums it all. EPRDF also needed more than 15 years to effectively engage in meaningful development activities. I believe ending the Ethio-Eritrean war (1998-2000) created an enabling condition for them to work on lifting Ethiopia out of poverty.

            In my opinion, GERD cannot be purely economical and it might be somehow also political. If you see what Egypt has been doing against Ethiopia all along. You would think that as far as Ethiopia continues to be poor and weak, it won’t even drink a glass of Nile water let alone develop something out of it. But, what we are seeing today is Ethiopia is building the dam with all the political pressure and mighty Egypt military prowess threat. Why? I think it is because the country got relative stability and that stability has been backed by agriculture based development, which at some point will be transformed into industry based.

            All the dams, wind farms and geothermal projects target to make Ethiopia a power hub where investors and manufacturers prefer to come and boom its industrial sector. Here is the main point why GERD makes a proper sense in economic and development terms, Amde. I see no importance to focus on previous beefs with Egypt and Sudan, but today we stand to be benefited from our God-given natural resources without harming no one.

            Cheers!
            Kazanchis.

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Kazanchis, Horizon, Amde and all,

            I don’t know much about the location, feasibility study or it’s potential now and the future from real technical point of view, as I have no idea in that field. However based on the draft GTP II that I read, the energy production / consumption from today 2016 to 2020 is nothing less than a miracle, in just 5 short years. Having said that, a comment that I heard from a good friend of mine with regards to the location. I think Ethiopia exorcised really caution in terms of political fall out with Egypt. It needs to give assurance so that, Egypt has no option but to come to the table to make it’s case and solve the issue in the negotiation table. For this reason, Ethiopia had indicated it’s only intention is to use the water to generate electricity without impacting Egypt needs. Which I believe it’s efforts is making headway and eventually Egypt is coming to terms with. The second point is with regards to the location of dam is build, as a political grantee. In the event that Egypt does NOT agree and if conflict is arise, for example bombing or otherwise, the damage will be primary spill over to Sudan. That is the water will flow to Sudan/ Khartoum and they will be primary the victims of flood. This may sound dubious on the Ethiopian side, but in a way it guarantee two things. One that Sudan will be coming to Ethiopian side, weather liked it or not, as historically to supported Egypt. And two, Sudan will be aligned with Ethiopia in fighting Egyptian threat. This in a way will be used as deterrent in escalation and use of force.

            The other aspect of the GTP 2 draft document that I find of interest is the in the Telecom sector. Again this number is astronomical in terms of growth it is projecting. And as a result, Ethiopia is transferring it self into the new economy of Information Technology and with the development of the Technology park and Masters program in IT. I have searched in the past, but I have not come across if part of the GERD transmission line growth plan is, increasing the infrastructure of Fiber along the electric lines. In my limited capacity, I think this new technology will bring tremendous potential to transform the country since the infrastructure cost (that’s digging and lying fiber) will be absorbed by the expansion of the energy lines. Not only will Ethiopia will be able to export power, but it will be able to export high speed Internet and a huge potential in selling Cloud technology and Data storage with cheap power (where the future of IT is heading) to many of those countries it wants to serve.

            Berhe

          • kazanchis

            Hello Berhe,
            I think bombing or sabotaging the dam won’t be that easy for Egypt or any other country. For two possible reasons: One, the dam is being built in RCC concrete technology which is the latest technology and it is very dense and also very broad in terms of thickness. Second, Ethiopia could have also the necessary components to be able to defend its airspace and territory from foreign attack. According to reports Ethiopia is one of the big dogs in military strength in Africa. Belittling Ethiopia’s capacity might be a mistake.

            Sudan is already in Ethiopia’s pocket concerning this project and which has made Egypt the only riparian country feeling the heat of accepting the dam as a reality. Sudan sided with Ethiopia because they have seen the benefit of Tekeze dam which avoided flooding for Sudan and perhaps gave regulated water flow during dry seasons and that enabled its farmers to engage in lucrative irrigation like never before. Therefore, the risk of flooding of Abay is immense in the rainy seasons and they want to be relieved from that sort of challenge and instead get regulated water and also develop their lands in irrigation. These intentions, however, would cause disagreements between the two Arab countries. Sudan might be tempted to consume more than before. I think because of technical merits of the dam Sudan sided with Ethiopia and snubbing Egypt.

            Peace!
            Kazanchis

          • Dear Berhe,
            Concerning the GERD, Egypt did everything possible to bring the construction to a halt right from the beginning. There is no Western capital Egyptian officials did not visit to have them on their side against Ethiopia, as they had done so over almost the last hundred years. This time, the West was forced to understand that their lopsided stand on the Nile should not continue to hurt Ethiopia and other Nile Basin countries anymore, and it was also against their geopolitical interests if they continue to support the preposterous demands of Egypt to own 100% of the Nile river. The West did not want to see Ethiopia remain in utter poverty forever, and they sent back Egyptian officials bare handed. Egypt dragged her feet over ten years to make the Negotiations of the Nile Basin countries a failure, even tried to bribe some of them and finally refused to sign the agreement. Ethiopia could not accept to be played around by Egypt forever and she went on with building the dam. This time Ethiopia meant business, ready to pay any price. World opinion was with Ethiopia and there was nothing Egypt could do about it. Many nations including the US were advising Egypt to cooperate with Ethiopia and negotiate on sharing the Nile. Of course, Egypt will never stop to frustrate Ethiopia even if the dam is finished.

            From what I know the site of the Ethiopian dam was chosen by an American study group during HSI. Therefore, the decision to build the dam only about forty km from the Sudanese boarder, I do not think, was meant to force Sudan to stand on the Ethiopian side. In actual fact, the GERD is extremely useful to Sudan, and this is the reason it supports its construction, of course, to the disappointment of Egypt. Sudan suffers from floods almost every year, which costs her millions of dollars. With the completion of the dam, there will be regulated water flow and Sudan will not face floods again. Moreover, the regulated flow of the Nile will allow Sudan to increase its potential of irrigation farming. At one point Egypt had insinuated that it will be Sudan and not Ethiopia that will decrease the flow of the Nile to Egypt due to increased irrigation farming. Also, Sudanese and Egyptian dams will collect less silt that helps the dams to sustain their electricity production and increase the lifespan of these dams. You see, Sudan is seeing things rationally from the point of view of her national interest, while Egypt is acting as a highway robber.

          • አዲስ

            Hi Berhe,

            Few points to add.

            Setting aside the long history of wrangling about Nile between the two countries, the formal planning and preparations for building dams on Nile on the Ethiopian side started during Haile Selassie time.

            At the time, Egypt and Sudan decided to divide the water between themselves in the 1959 agreement and subsequently Egypt started planning for the Aswan dam. The King repeatedly asked to be part of the negotiation but was ignored by Nasser and he retaliated by:
            A. Severing the tie between Egypt Coptic church and Ethiopian Orthodox church that lasted 1600 years.
            B. Commissioning a 10 million USD study on the feasibility and planning of dams on the Nile in Ethiopia.

            This work was carried out by USBR(US Bureau of Reclamation).

            After conducting the study, USBR proposed multiple dams for hydroelectric and irrigation purposes within Ethiopia. The four proposed hydroelectric dam were:
            1. Karadobi
            2. Mabil
            3. Mendaia
            4. Border

            The last one from the above list, Border, to indicate its location near the border with Sudan, is where GERD is being built. So this was not a merely political or cautious move to put it there. It was a well studied plan that stayed on the shelf waiting for its right time.

            During Derg era, there were some reports that Egypt bombed ship carrying machinery that were transported to Ethiopia for building the dam. This I can’t confirm but the interest in building a dam or dams was still alive.

            I am not sure when this project was reactivated in EPRDF’s time, but there were reports that it was named ‘Project X’ and high level discussions and preparations were going on.

            This was preceded by I believe one of the most commendable diplomatic effort by Ethiopia to get together the 6 upstream countries under Nile Basin Initiative to sign a cooperative framework agreement to seek more water from Nile. Of course Egypt and Sudan oppose this move.

            This garnered Ethiopia a much needed support from the international community. Though this support didn’t materialize in money and Ethiopia is building the dam on its own, it at least eases the pressure we faced from the international community on behalf of Egypt.

            I also want to point out that when Ethiopia announced the start of the project, Meles actually invited both Egypt and Sudan to build the dam together giving them ownership. His rationale was building dams in Ethiopia for the benefit of the three countries is much more beneficiary when considering many factors. Among those factors were the significant reduction of the water lost due to evaporation in Egypt’s and Sudan’s dam ( this is also confirmed by the recent independent MIT study).

            This invitation of joint ownership clearly infuriated many Ethiopians but Egypt and Sudan failed to capitalize on this and rejected the idea which they regret highly now.

            I also believe that the breaking ground of this project during Egypt’s unrest was not a coincidence though the surveying was done starting from 2009. But I would consider that a smart move from Ethiopian side on capitalizing on the weakness of Egypt to minimize the backlash it might face if it were to start the project at any normal time. Let’s not forget this is not like Egypt’s cynical practice of actively meddling in Ethiopia’s affair to weaken it and keep it unable to do anything on Nile.

            GERD has also a domestic political benefit for EPRDF by invoking this illusive (not anymore 🙂 ) dream of Ethiopians to mobilize and focus the nation to one big national project. At the end of the day political parties are not working to get to heaven. Even though I completely despise EPRDF, If it reaps political benefit because of this I am perfectly fine with it.

            Thanks,
            Addis

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Addis, Horizon, Kazanchis,

            Thank you for the much education post and I rely appreciate you took your time to educate. It was ignorant on my part for not trying to learn by simple search, and knowing this fact really makes our Dam Engineer wannabe president a baboon head.

            Thank you,
            Berhe

          • Nitricc

            HI Amde; you said
            ” Personally, I feel the GERD has the potential to create a durable strategic partnership between Egypt and Ethiopia. And peace between Cairo and Addis Ababa can only mean peace from Asmara to Mogadishu, spoilers be damned”
            I am assuming that you do know that the Egyptians calls you a Monkey and slave, Right? I just want to make sure you knew that; once you know that then you know that the Egyptians have no respect for you i.e. you will never establish “ a durable strategic partnership between Egypt and Ethiopia” NEVER! But you are free to day dream and fantasy. I just thought I should remind you.

          • Berhe Y

            Dear Nitricc,

            Can you please grow up? It’s good that you want to argue and make your point, but really. Is this necessary. I don’t think Egyptians say or believe that, but even if that’s the case, who gives a damn really what they say or think.

            Berhe

          • Amde

            General,

            What’s this?!?

            You managed to write a whole paragraph on the Ethio-Egypt issue without mentioning how many Dassaults Egypt has? Are you OK? Do you need to lie down?

            Amde

      • Nitricc

        ” When one of the supporters of DIA (Ted) says that Gibe dam is Oromo, Tekeze is Tigrayan and the GERD is Amhara, he is purposefully ignoring that Ethiopia has chosen to be a federation, where different ethnic groups live together in peace, work together to build their country and hope together for a better Ethiopia”

        really Horizon? wow!

      • Abraham Hanibal

        Selam Horizon,
        What is even surprising is the dictator claims that it was the Eritreans who initiated the Tekeze/Setit dam project; that the necessary feasibility studies were conducted, etc. He then claims that the Eritreans were left out of the project and Ethiopia fulfilled the project through other alternative means. You see, as long as Isayas is consulted and involved in such processes, it is all fine and dandy; however if the Ethiopians chose to own their projects, then they do it out of emotional persauations. This guy really doesn’t know his limits; such kind of behaviour is what led him in collision course with all neighboring countries, plunging the poor Eritrean people in endless and unnecessary confrontations with others in the process.

        • Dear Abraham Hannibal,
          Those who think that Ethiopians and Eritreans will be eternal enemies like the Israelis and Palestinians will be disproved. When the spoilers, DIA and his supporters, get out of the way, which is simply a matter of time, a better future will shine on both people. Roads and railways will join both countries and electricity from Ethiopian dams will light Eritrean homes and will set in motion Eritrean factories. Both people will regret the bloodshed and the lost opportunities, and they will vow never to allow foolishness to have the upper hand again in the future.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Horizon,

            Hold on to that optimism. Positive people will surely prevail and Pesimists will lose eventually. The brotherhood of this two people

            Regards

          • Nitricc

            Hi Horizen why don’t you have peace within yourself before you can preach us about the Eritreans. listen to it
            http://welkait.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/voa-welkait-jan-24-2015.mp3

          • V.F.

            Well said Horizon. The worst enemy of the Eritrean and Ethiopian people, perhaps even of all time, is DIA. His days are numbered, very much so. After that, it can only be better. Medrek is already holding good talks with Ethio leaders. Keep that faith brother. I nominate you or Amde as first ambassador to Eritrea post DIA.

          • dawit

            Dear Horizon,

            Who killed the first Tekeze or Setit Dam project? Believe me there will never be good will from Ethiopians specially Woyanes towards Eritrean people. Do you know why MZ did not want to use Asab port for free, because he did not want to pay Eritrea in hard currency for port services for loading and unloading and storage fees, He wanted Asab to be a watering hole for camels. You can enjoy reading about the first Tekeze dam project that Ethiopia sabotaged to hurt Eritrean economy.

            http://www.oocities.org/~dagmawi/NewsMay99/May2_Tekezze_Dam.html

          • Dear dawit,
            Why do you feel a cold sweat running down your spine whenever you read about Ethio-Eritrean rapprochement? You people are like those fathers who would rather commit honor-killing than allow their daughters (Eritrea in this case) approach the hated Ethiopia.

            There was no such thing as Assab for free. DIA was robbing Ethiopia through the port of Assab and Assab refinery. At one stage, it was more than even the best friend could accept. You wanted everything on your terms: Ethiopia to pay you in hard currency, while you pay Ethiopia for whatever you import, not even in Birr but in Nakfa.

            Why did you bring the link? It shows that it served Eritrean interest and not Ethiopian interest. Are you saying that to show her friendship, Ethiopia should have accepted to be sacrificed at the Eritrean altar? Is this how you see future Ethio-Eritrean friendship? Let us be serious.

          • አዲስ

            Horizon,

            I have few speculations why he brought that link. It could be because he can’t read something and comprehend its meaning or maybe he is that crazy just like his god DIA that he’s surprised we weren’t happy to be robbed. For people like dawit, Ethiopia can only show its good will by just letting robbers like him run wild on its resources.

            Thanks,
            Addis

          • dawit

            Selamat, Abi, Addis and Horizon
            Who is really the robber? Haile Sellasie robbed Eritrea on a broad day light, followed by Dergu dismantling factories and move them to Ethiopia. Woyane robbed Bademe and wanted to exchange it for Assab. Ethiopia is a country that thrives robbing its neighbors, port from Eritrea, land from Sudan and water from Egypt. But the unfortunate thing despite all the robbing it is still starving. ‘Asa gorguari zendo yawetal, yesew felagi yerasun yatal’. ‘Sra leseriw ishok leatariw’. HSI

          • አዲስ

            dawit,

            For next time at least make sure what you link supports your claim. Until next time my confused northern neighbor 🙂

            Thanks,
            Addis

          • Abi

            Selam Horizon
            Why do I say no relationship, no cooperation with Eritrea? Not because I’m a pessimist. It is because for MAJORITY of Eritreans cooperation means robbing Ethiopia. We have seen it before. We don’t have to repeat it again.
            The only thing we need is get out of badime and forget about them.
            What is there to lose except trouble? We have enough trouble to deal with.

          • AMAN

            You have partly found the answer or solution
            for the problem or puzzle the woyane is faced off
            better than your Tplf/Eprdf.leaders !
            cheers for that…….!
            The Tplf/woyane wished to look like stronger
            and a victor while in fact it is weak & the looser.
            Now
            when the woyane/Tplf took Ethiopia’s body
            half buried into the grave…..you and the likes
            ( other woyanes ) started to get the truth and
            feel it !
            Thank you Abi that answers bigger part of the question
            and it is in total agreement what we Eritreans have been
            asking for.
            I WISH WOYANE GET MORE PEOPLE LIKE YOU !

        • Nitricc

          Hi Abraham it is neither healthy nor an Eritrean to bend the low and serious butts kissing. shame on you. if your Ethiopians are that brave and why don’t you advice them to go after Egypt?

          • tes

            Hi Nitricc,

            What is up man? This is Abraham Hanibal who belongs to the school of saay7.

            In case to remind you

            tes

          • Abraham Hanibal

            Hello Tes,
            To be frank with you, I do not buy into your characterization of this or that school of thought, apart from its recreational aspect. I would rather say that I belong to the Awate school of various thoughts. I draw lessons from each and evey forum member, though there are, naturally, some more knowledgeable people and with wider experiences than others, Saay being one them.

          • Abi

            Hi leaves eating General
            We the brave Ethiopians are not intimidated by the Egyptians. We don’t need advice. Bravery comes naturally.

          • Nitricc

            Hi Abi, Are you sure you are not intimidated by this Egypt thing?

            https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ioZVtuzgzFM

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam Nitricc,
            .
            Oh, General Nitricc, I did not know you have a relationship with the Egyptian (propaganda) intelligence services. That is good to know you and PIA are on the same page.
            Whatever, you two do, just make sure Asmara is not the staging ground in any way.
            .
            Let me tell you this to allay your fears and concern, you were too young or not born to know this. In 1967 I had seen a better preparation, display, threats and propaganda just before the 6 day war. Actually it took 3 days.
            You know what I read in the Readers Digest joke section:
            Q. What is the fastest thing in the world?
            .
            A. An Egyptian soldier running across the Sinai desert without his shoe.
            .
            Yes, yes we are not Israelis but Egyptian soldier is an Egyptian soldier. Nitricc, we will not bow down or intimidated. All we want to do is live and live within our means, that is hard enough.
            .
            Mr. K.H

          • Nitricc

            Hey KIM hahahahah come-on; i am with you in this case. i have declared my allegiance with Ethiopia long time ago. I have been advising your stupid leaders to take action that will tell the ignorant and arrogant Egyptians that the Ethiopians mean business and are ready for any eventuality. although i am the firm believer that the dam is not the best idea, simply destroys the echo system of the natural and nature. for instance; one the dam is complete and filled; the water that over flows is considered a dead water. all the minerals are suspended in the bottom of the dam and any water that flows there after is useless in using for irrigation any forms of agriculture. I think this is the main fear and reason for concern with Sudan and Egypt. having said that; Ethiopia have all the right to do what ever pleases her. and I stand with Ethiopia. so you Know.
            regarding Eritrea as being a launching pad; well i have been telling to your, again, stupid leaders to take Eritrea out of potential brewing disaster; but your leaders are busy harassing Eritrea and meeting with toothless people like Medrek; what ever it is, if Eritrea allowed Egypt to use her territory to inflect harm on Ethiopia then, Eritrea and Eritreans should live in shame and disgrace, for ever and ever. regardless irresponsible approach of Ethiopian leaders; i refused to believe that Eritrea will involve in such act against Ethiopia.
            1967???? lol that is a long time ago; and if any conflict to arise between Ethiopia and Egypt; The USA will side with Egypt with out blink of an eye and you know what that means.

          • Kim Hanna

            Selam Nitricc,
            .
            Thanks for the clarifications. You built up a lot of good credit balance in my book. I always felt, if calamity visited us the majority of Eritreans, I am talking about few elites and the vast majority of peasants and average “joe”s will come to our aid. It just bothers me sometimes to hear a good portion of the elitists and the people in position of power looking for ways to harm us, or salivating at the slightest trouble in Ethiopia. They do this without any benefit derived to them. That is malice.
            .
            Our former Prime minister, Meles, who was a later day convert on Ethiopian history said this. —-Nobody has invaded Ethiopia and lived long enough to talk about it. He knew how to put words together, didn’t he?
            .
            Mr. K.H

          • Sam

            Commander Nitricc. , you sound like working part time at Egyptian army , the only way Egyptian try to destroy the ethio dam not through air , but to occupy it and destroy it, and to occupy the dam , they have to occupy the whole Ethiopia, so nobody will try to do that , the Italians try and thier Ass kicked big way , so let Egyptians lick thier ego,

          • Abi

            Hi General
            In Amharic we say
            ” yeferi dulaw bizu new”
            When was the last time you saw Egyptian Air Force plane in the air? When it was first delivered.

          • Music Novice

            Greetings Nitricc,

            Can these planes fly all the way to where the GERD is located?

            Do these planes have mid-air refueling capability?

            It would also be good if you can cite your source of information.

            I think the Ethiopians should make good friends with the Israelis who have their version of AWACS (early warning air defence system). Furthermore, the Ethiopians should invest on their Air Force thoroughly to increase its capability. To borrow from saay, the distance between Lake Nasser/Aswan Dam and Ethiopia is the same as the distance between Ethiopia and Lake Nasser/Aswan Dam.

          • Abraham Hanibal

            Selam Nitricc,
            This has nothing to do with “kissing butt”, rather it is about trying to use one’s own God given brain; trying to use a critical approach, instead of consuming whatever comes out of that dirty mouth of the dictator as natural truth. The Ethiopians, Sudanese, and Egyptians have decided to resolve any contentious issues through dialogue; they have already reached agreements that deal with fair exploitation of the Nile waters amongst themselves. A flood of crocodile tears from the good for nothing IA is the last thing they need.

      • Hayat Adem

        Horizon,
        I said years ago, believe me, from an Ethiopian perspective, Nile Dam, is a genius move. If Meles was preoccupied about it since 1993 as reported by IA in this interview, it means he had identified one key sacred mission for himself. Nobody can underestimate the economic importance of the Dam as it would supply massive energy to a region where such a good is in scarce supply. Eritrea will be one benefiting from such availability given the abnormal political hurdles are removed by then.
        Look how IA is so cheap. Look also what he said about the exchanges with Ouglo that the Ethiopian PM suggesting to him that Eritrea could be one of the subscribers for supply. Why does he have to ridicule that idea? Does he want us to remain enemies and cut-off forever? Or does he think Eritrea will be self-powered before Ethiopia starts supplying for neighboring buyers? Ethiopia is interlocking its energy supply wires with the national grids in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda etc. Djbouti and Sudan are already getting some. Egypt is on the receivers’ map. Some across Red sea like Yemen have been reported talking about such schemes. Why does he think Eritrea buying energy from Ethiopia is laughable this time? I said this time because at another time, he himself was discussing it as an option in a similar setting. He is a human chameleon bizarrely trapped in a grownup human body.
        His questions are funny, funny, funny. I mean, he is a study case for any curious student of psychology. It really shows in what conditions we are condemned to be. What is this his habit of answering (actually, unanswering and asking back his own) questions with more entangled questions? This is unheard of, Look, his answer (I mean, his questions back) at around 1:22:30:to 1:23; 20 (within a duration of less than a minute, he uttered, or asked back the following 20 questions; verbatim)
        If they say they are selling, who are the customers? What are the wires used for transmission? What are they going to use it for? For lighting up their homes? For agricultural works? For industrial packaging purposes? To run service institutions? How much power could they sell for the neighboring countries? How could they distribute or transfer the allocated powers to each destination? and how are the receivers going to make use of it?…How much is every KWH priced? How much are the receivers to buy (repeated)? What are they going to use it for (repeated)? What will be the benefit of using it [such bought power]? is there any thing explained in such details?…How about if there happens to be an earthquake and the dam collapses? What if a flood from the dam washes away the (down stream) countries? What are you saying? What are you you talking about (repeated)?
        Now my turn to ask kibur President Isaias: do you have any problems other than being a moron?
        Hayat

        • Ted

          Hi Horizon, In theory, you got peaceful coexistence down to the tee. In reality your Weyane is all different kind of beast. It is not me to judge what Weyane means to Ethiopia, you got your work cut out for you . As for Eritreans, the jury is out long ago, don’t sweat it. Besides, I am not here to go out of my way to find a nugget of goodness in the evil heart of Weyane as some of my compatriots. When you were flying high, unturning every stone to punish Eritreans, you had no qualms whatsoever about coexistence and friendship. Things are all different now .How strange you got all worked up for the unflattering things your mortal enemy said about your leader.

  • Peace!

    Hey! Hope,

    Come on man! The president was not reading economic datas to back up his decision to introduce new currency, but instead as usual blamed GOHALALU for his trial and error method of leadership style. The reason why I think the interview was boring is simply because it failed to address the core issues such us political reform. Did you see him blinking when he was asked about the 2016 politicawi Hinxet? hmmm what? what? Other than that of course I am happy the country is enjoying food surplus and price drop on all basic foods.

    peace!

  • Abraham Hanibal

    Selam Hope,
    Do you know something called lie and deception? That is exactly what your role model is doing in this as well as all of his interviews. What is strange is he admits lots of serious problems, even inside Eritrea, or inside his own regime that he runs like a private enterprise; but yet he miserably fails to take responsiblity for his failures. Instead he blames others for the hardships that his policies have inflicted upon the people; and surprisingly, he gets the benefit of doubt from people like Hope. What a joke!

  • A.Osman

    Dear Hope,

    Lets be so generous and accept that he cannot say much about the change of currency, even though he is the architect. ayni bayni husot kea yiderbiyelley….sherfi kindey alla, ane qua ayketatelin iye…deqise nere teberabire :).

    Are you satisfied with all other topics that he also never answers but throw more questions to prove he knows more than the rest. How about the failures that he talks about, who is responsible.

    Eritrea is not his little shop, you need to take ownership as a citizen and show some dissatisfaction….no accountability on him, but he accounts everybody. He lectures about GREED, wey gud.

    Regards
    AOsman

  • AWGET

    Dear Awates
    Greetings ( though I don’t understand why this greetings is enforced only on me or some few only)
    So far
    It has not been about because some of you are determined opponents and others are not.
    But it is because the tactics used were different and subtle hence the need to adjust for some
    of our people to conduct a different type of engagement to match or meet the challenge posed
    by the enemies of the Eritrean people and their architects behind the scenes.
    Unlike the frontal naked physical aggression of the 1998-2000, the later was media based psycho-
    logical in nature to misled by misinforming and eventually attack on our belief of Nation,freedom &
    struggle to undermine our National values and prepare us for subjects to be ruled by some illegitimate
    agents or kedemtis of big powers.
    Thus it needed or needs a different type of engagement as well to deal with it.
    Someone who thinks is of higher mind than other human beings
    need to be told he is not or taught to know that he is not.
    ONE CAN NOT BE WISER THAN US ALL !

  • A.Osman

    Dear All,

    The latest Eri TV interview with DIA deals with the currency change

    https://youtu.be/-bTI1Fz2Xm0?list=UUjZZkisUOPPqSLUXoNp5U3Q

    Regards
    AOsman

    • Solomon Haile

      Whats up wid it AO!

      Thanks for the gist summary. It sounds as if DIA was not as “boring” as you on this interview…..
      In an Eritrean HIP HOP conversation over the best coffee house in Warriors hood conversation, I found another ‘valid’ intersection point of intersection with our resident optimist…
      Jalapenos galore to barter with for sound equipment for a jam session planned.
      tSAtSE

      • A.Osman

        Dear Tsatse,

        Good that I bored you, it was a reflection from the interview and the long kolel without an answer. I was wondering where you were hiding, what is happening in the investment world with the fall of oil. I bought shares recently and am starting to regret the move….pull that zagol, I need the ha hu on this one….as I am considering the eject button.

        Regards
        AOsman

        • Solomon Haile

          Hey AO,

          Now why is it every time I want to skip to le lu you keep insisting I keep repeating Ha seven times followed by Hu to Ho. I am pulling the ZaEgol, per your request. My appology but with all due respect to your Fenji skills, the zaEgol doesn’t do boring. Well lets see, Seven zaEgols seven times… “Seven Scores ago…” is a speech worth memorizing! 49ers will be hosting the AND ONE! equaling Fifty, fiftieth Supper Bowl.
          My le lu li la la le le lev levelllll… La Ligga! From A to Z,

          The ZaEgol is picking The Panthers.

          Ol Ol Ol ya ya donnnt say>>> 1/2 * 50— It points towards the Twenty Fifth Anniversary of Eritrea’s Independence from Ethiopia.
          The Entire event I am suggesting should hosted in the Eritrean Kunama Language. I AM from Barka after all.
          Ke Ku Ki Ka Kie Ki Ko
          Le Lu Le LA LA Revelucion, Evolving towards the Better!

          Back to my Big Bad Wolf animation project! Big bird!!! Welcome Back SaliH Johar… Watch out for AO’s Big bird it could be a flying banana peal. Imagine one thinking they will slip and fall despite knowing big bird doesn’t fly.OR DOES IT? Stay tunned!(insert suspense effect sound track! I suggest “Anti Kederyti.”

          tSAtSE

          • A.Osman

            Dear Sele,

            When SAAY, Ted and Nitricc discuss sport on your side of the Atlantic am not even sure if it is about basketball, football or baseball…we only deal with soccer on our end of the world (rugbi for whites, cricket for Asians, football for all). Now that you sprinkled all the term am even lost. Nice music though, heard it long time ago when Abi was ruling Eritrea..wow that’s over 25 years.

            Regards
            AOsman

          • Solomon Haile

            Dear AO,

            Blame it on the ZaEgol Analytics Methodology. With this response of yours we shall be reading up for the next level on our side of the Atlantic. Coincidentally, I have just submitted my application for membership in a Rugby club here in the Berzerkelly. The experience is extremely rewarding in that “Clarity” is gained for the purposes of … “Notes from the Underground.” After all, genealogically Eritreans have a statue to show for great works of literature such as “CRIME AND PUNISHMENT.”
            Please let SAAY (AKA Morpheous) know the following: “Three Captains, Three Ships……” I have Bun to barter with. I shall be giving Mr. Beyan Negash a call for “TaElim” (ino amin… Brixton pronunciation for Do you know what I mean.” Back to the ZzzzAE Goooaaaaaalllll Analytic —>>>> Manchester United? Let me know.

            Flying banana my foot!
            tSAtSE .

          • A.Osman

            Dear Sele,

            Next time you plan to come to Brixton, to enjoy full freedom on this side of the Atlantic learn some tricks to from our Nigerian brother. Especially that you guys are struggling against police abuse of power.

            https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tkWlH9hNlYA

            Regards
            AOsman

    • tes

      Dear A.OSman,

      His corrupt mind is not letting him free from thinking deep inside his as if Eritreans are all ignorant for what he does and he is continuing his gibberish talks.

      Can’t he be tired of himself staying alive with such spoiled mind?

      tes

      • A.Osman

        Dear Tes,

        I was one of those who could not tolerate a minute listening to annual interviews, so I thought let me give it a try….hateta b hateta liba atfiEwa ita interview….there was a weird moment when he threw a question at the interviewer about much was Nacfa on the black market….but went on to rescue him by guessing :).

        Regards
        AOsman

    • Peace!

      Selam AOsman,

      Thank you! It is sad that the fate of the hard earned nation is still in the hands of ጉሒላ, and no surprise the boring interview has always been the same for the last fifteen years or so. On the other side, we listen and critique to the same junky interviews over and over only to find out that his next interview is way more junky. He has promised to give an interview in the coming few months on the occasion of Independence Day, and of course the opposite side will also ridicule him for being clueless dictator. The spin will continue till “something” stop him. In other words, we agree the country is his personal property, and the people are so desperate for any kind of relief.

      On the other hand, the opposition groups also do not seem to have the minimal capabilities to help the desperate people let alone to save the nation from falling. Yes, it is understandable that TPLF has not been a reliable partner and never interested on stable and democratic Eritrea in addition to a handful of sellouts impediment for unity. With that in mind, no viable United opposition in the near future, needless to say.

      Given the situation the dire situation in the country and disorganized opposition groups that have achieved nothing but continues flirting for intervention, the only chance we have is to help the people fight back and own their destiny. Otherwise the man will continue to destroy the country till he dies, and we will continue to pray for his natural death and critique every time he opens his mouth.

      Peace!

      • A.Osman

        Dear Peace,

        Listening to Negasi Sereke interview by Assenna, DIA is more nervous about his ex-ministers activities that the rest of opposition. Medrek’s move to work with opposition must be the right pill for him, if that sends shivers down his spine, well and good. Now that they are warming up to Ethiopia, it should double his paranoia. Link below from Forum Radio in Arabic.

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ViTYCgkjQbk&feature=youtu.be

        Regards
        AOsman

        • Peace!

          Selam AOsman,

          What makes this meeting different? I mean how many times have different Eritrean opposition groups met Ethiopia’s leaders? And how many times Ethiopia’s leaders have expressed the same stance to the countless opposition groups over and over? Their position hasn’t changed a bit:

          1, ‘’settle all outstanding issues between the two countries through dialogue’’
          2) ‘’commitment to work for regional peace, stability and progress …’’
          3) ‘’unequivocal recognition of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of
          Eritrea, unconditional acceptance of the decision of the Eritrea-Ethiopia
          Boundary Commission, ready to implement the decision and restore
          normalbilateral relations …’’
          4) ‘’change in Eritrea is the business of the Eritrean people’’, that ‘’Eritreans themselves should lead and drive the struggle for democratic change; and that Ethiopia fully supports an inclusive struggle for democratic transition in Eritrea …’’
          5) ‘’intention to appoint a team to further the dialogue with the FND
          leadership’’

          What’s new?

          Peace!

    • tes

      Dear AOsman,

      It is really boring to talk on what DIA said but when he talked about those who called them “Gohalalu” he reminded me what Karl Marx wrote in his Communist Manifesto. And this was in 1848. Unfortunately DIA is repeating the methodology to confiscate private properties for the last 25 years.

      To quote:

      “You are horrified at our intending to do away with private property. But in your existing society, private property is already done away with for nine-tenths of the population; its existence for the few is solely due to its non-existence in the hands of those nine-tenths. You reproach us; therefore, with intending to do away with a form of property, the necessary condition for whose existence is the non-existence of any property for the immense majority of society.”

      Another point that I laughed most is when he mentioned late PM Meles Zenawi. Not long time ago DIA denied PMMZ by saying “I don’t know him”. And now he said that in the early days of 1990s they were goo and working together. But the point he wanted to mentioned was something that can endanger the politics of Ethio-Egypt.

      In his antagonistic remembrance he recalled what PMMZ said after what a private conversation between an Egyptian government member and PMMZ exchanged and how the prime minister was furious was. According to DIA, PMMZ initiated the Millennium Dam Project not for good but to take a revenge. This is a series political antagonism and most probably behind door political whispers the PFDJ do when ever they visit Egypt. Such whorish political gambling is really worrisome and not good for the peaceful and shared utilization of Nile River.

      Even he[DIA] was trying to be an engineer and consultant nullifying and underestimating on the design and over-all planning of the project. It is shame though for him[DIA] to talk about this project and trying to give a lecture on the price of kWh and irrigation infrastructures.

      tes

      • A.Osman

        Dear Tes,

        I was not planning to watch part 2, thinking it is about minor internal issues. Well from the clip provided by Abyssinia, you wonder why he bought it up now. He paints Melles as a vengeful person, while he is the master at that art. I can imagine how he could stoke fear in Egypt telling them that the whole purpose of the project is a revenge scheme hatched by Melles.

        Now that story, is published in English – lets see how Arab news pick it up.

        http://www.tesfanews.net/meles-zenawis-building-renaissance-dam-emotional-president-isaias/

        Regards
        AOsman

        • tes

          Dear AOsman,

          On the report.

          One:

          First of all this quoted statement written in the news report was wrong. DIA did not mention the word Arabs. I don’t know how the writer took that word and used it. I believe it is rather a leverage of hate to be ignited. The writer is imagining Ethiopia vs Arabs not Ethiopia vs Egypt. Pure hallucination.

          Two:

          As per DIA, MZ didn(t start the project out of emotion but a revenge. The writer misconstrued in a wrong and a perceived way. All the content is purely diverted to ignite a war.

          tes

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam AOsman & tes,

      If a Government/ Party start to own businesses or control the “productive forces” and the “relation of production,” or compete with/or ban the private sectors, it is strictly the “mode of production” of socialist or communist countries. That was the stark political differences with their nemesis EPRDF that brought them in to a collision during the heydays of their good relationship. So, the economic and financial crises of the state of Eritrea is not different from the former Soviet Union and North Korea; and if they maintain to continue with that policy they will inevitably collapsed by their own weight. All the change of the “paper currency” and so called adjustment of “fiscal policy” uttered by the despot in his recent interview is simply another alternative fiscal fiasco set for trials. If the pillars of state of Eritrea (the government, the private sector, and the civic society) are the functions of the PFDJ party, it means the “state” is represented by the “government” and the government is represented by the “party.” Civil societies are none existent. In short in Eritrea we have only the “government”. That is why in order the “Eritrean state” to be born and exist a total structural change is quintessential.

      PS: My argument is strictly based on the concept of a “state”, “government”, “private sector”, and “civil society” and the relationship between the pillars that hold and maintain the existence of the “state”. Those who support the current government I expect them to make conceptual argument to rebut my take on the issue.

      Regards,
      Amanuel Hidrat

      • A.Osman

        Dear Amanuel,

        What you are saying about PFDJ controlling all aspect state and private sectors was visible from early 90’s and that grip has been getting tighter over the years. I agree with you on the dismantlement of the party apparatus in order to allow all non government sectors to develop freely.

        I have a question tough: This control that is getting tighter by the year, is it by choice or structural problem that to maintain the system/survive they are forced to take drastic actions? At times, I wonder why they don’t even flex for political expediency.

        Regards
        AOsman

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Ahlen AOsman,

          Of course the problem is a structural problem. The apparatus of oppression and the institutions of the system must be dismantled to build a democratic constitutional system that address the grievances of the Eritrean people. I like how ” EASE ” tackled and presented the Eritrean Afar ‘s grievances. I am coming with an appraisal to their presenatstion at the GEAN conference.

          Regards
          Amanuel Hidrat

      • Semere Tesfai

        Amanuel Hidrat

        “If a Government/ Party start to own businesses or control the “productive forces” and the “relation of production,” or compete with/or ban the private sectors, it is strictly the “mode of production” of socialist or communist countries. That was the stark political differences with their nemesis EPRDF that brought them in to a collision during the heydays of their good relationship.”

        Aman, Aman, Aman…. It is your prerogative if you want to serenade the Woyanes in broad daylight. But if I were you, I wouldn’t. The reason:

        I’m willing to stand corrected, but last time I checked, the EPRDF government was still Ethiopia’s – Telephone Company, Airline Company, Food-Aid Company (EFFORT), Banking Company, Highway Construction Company, Water Company, Electric Company, Petroleum company, mining company, car company………….. well you got the idea.

        Semere Tesfai

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Haw Semere,

          Once you have a negative perception on me (btw I am not here to serenade wayane) I can not engage you seriously at all. You are not here to learn or share your fundamental view that you stood for. Not at all. You can not argue without blackmailing as wayane to those who hold opposite your view

          Haw semere unfortunately “wayane ” Zibil kal kem Qelea metsrey afka koinu terifu. You can not talk politics without it. When you come with clean politial argument I will happily engage you.

          Regards

          • tes

            Dear Amanuel Hidrat,

            He is simply for nothing and he talks for nothing. From nothing to nothing. I am no more serious with this person.

            tes

          • Semere Tesfai

            Selam Amanuel

            Still, you’re not defending what you put in print. You said, “EPLF’s policy to own business was the stark political differences with their nemesis EPRDF that brought them in to a collision during the heydays of their good relationship.”

            And I’m telling you, you’re dead wrong. Like PFDJ – the EPRDF government and many other third world governments own and run businesses. And there is a good reason for it.

            Now, prove me wrong.

  • Pass the salt

    Hello all,
    What do you think of MedreK meeting with Primier Hailemariam and other Ethiopian officials in Addis? It seems to me MedreK is eyeing at more than its stated goal which is to becoming a forum to bring Eritreans together and nothing more. That is, no ambition or intention for a political party or power. But they have been steady hand in some ways and I think they can grow bigger and stronger if they abandon their “around the bush” approach and declare that they are officially in it to win it. I see a potential in them. They can make a difference. Just my two ta’Arifa (cent).

    • V.F.

      PTS, I have been following ‘medrek n zete ertrawyan’ quite closely of late. At this point in time, they have the best potential to bring about the much needed change in Eritrea, mainly because they seem to have strong connection within the PFDJ system and lots of other resources, not to mention big personalities as in Dr. Asefaw and ambassador Andeberhan, and I suspect saay might be a closeted member too. I am just about ready to endorse Forum but I am making final inquiries. My emails fell on deaf ears.

  • tes

    Selam Nitricc,

    I don’t care whether you grow as a fungus or alike. I don’t care really. All I know is I am free from any fungus.

    Ok, I am not a cult follower and I don’t worship any unlike you. If you read me (of course you won’t) I am talking about YPFDJ and what they use as a tool to brainwash themselves. I was not talking about yesterday but about today. Have you listened the 2hrs terrorists meetings leaked audio? These are what I am talking about, those who use Nihnan Elamanan as a tool to wipe-out Eritreans from their home.

    tes

  • ‘Gheteb

    The Blessings Of The Saudi-Eritrean Relations, Inter Alia .

    Imagine even for split second that you have been telerported back in time to the pre-1987 years when Marxism-Leninism undergirded EPLF’s ideology. Imagine, also, that you landed in one of EPLF’s Cadre Schools and happened upon smack-dab in one of the classes where a lecture was given on the history of the Revolutionary Movements of the world. The first thing that would grab your eyesight, literally, is the huge portraits of Marx, Engels, Lenin and a huge world map adorning the front of the classroom. You will instantly notice the lecturer/teacher sitting in front of these ‘Marxisit’ accouterments delivering his lecture to the participants of the Cadre School whom you would immediately noticed to have been listening to the lecture with a rapt attention.

    The participants-cum-students of this round of the EPLF Cadre School by now were fully marinated and conversant in both dialectical and historical materialisms and if you happened upon some of their conversations, your ears would have unfailingly picked up some Marxist phraseologies in Tigrigna such as ታሪኻዊ ነገርነት (Historical Materialism), ወጊድ (Negation), ናይ ወጊድ ወጊድነት (Negation of the Negation) ዓይነትውን ዓቀናውን ለውጢ ( Qualitative and Quantitative Change), ደርብን ደርባዊ ቃልስን ( Class and Class Struggle), ህርፋነ ሹመት (Careerism) and much more that may have sounded like foreign words and phrases to the ‘untrained’ Eritrean ears.

    You would have observed that the lecturer-cum-teacher, sporting a beard and a curled Afro, with a fiery eye mouthing and spouting political pronouncements that may have seemed to have emanated from a passionately and deeply held political beliefs. If the lecturer was talking about Eritrea’s geostrategic location in the Horn Of Africa and the Middle East and its current future relations with the countries of this region, he would turn back, time and again, to the world map behind him and with the stick in his hand pointing to all the countries that the EPLF deem to be reactionaries. He would go on declaiming and lamenting the abundance of non-progressive governments that surround Eritrea.

    In the same breath and to punctuate his assertions, he would again point to Eritrea in the world map, and, rhetorically,
    ask: ምስ በዓል ሱዑድያ: ከመይ አልና ኢና ሰውራዊ ቃልሲ ከነካይድ ንኽእል? (How can we conduct our revolutionary struggle allying with the Saudis?). Continuing his excoriating pontifications, he would try to buttress his protestations by way of offering examples, albeit a not so germane one. He would yarn the story of how the Saudis have confiscated EPLF’s boats carrying all kinds of arms. He would go on reeling off myriads of examples to show that the reactionary Saudi royal family are a hell-bent arch enemy of the EPLF led Eritrean Revolution.

    In all of his declamation of the Saudis, those with trained ears could not fail to detect a tinge or a touch of anti-Arabism and Arabo-phobia that he may have subconsciously imbibed and picked up from his Abyssinian educators. If the lecture was in Arabic, then the lecturer will vociferously lambaste and decry the Saudis along with other reactionary Arabs. He would rattle off scads of examples from his personal observations. Here, too, the trained ears won’t fail the visceral antipathies of the lecturer in Arabic that has its roots in the perception and misperceptions of the ill-treatment or discriminations that he may have experienced during his School years be it in Cairo, Bagdad or Damascus.

    He could still be nursing, as many Eritreans do these days, resentments of not being able to join or be accepted by the elites in the Arab schools of higher learning. Again, these Eritreans erroneously typify the light skinned Arabized Arab (Al-Mustaerb) as the archetypical Arab and hence presume, again mistakenly, that to reflect the overall views of Arabs vis-à-vis Eritrea and Eritreans.

    Coming back to the post-1987 EPLF when it has discarded all the Marxist trappings and coming back to the realities of nowadays Eritrea, the things that may need to be repeated are the following:

    (1) Mutatis mutandis, Saudi Arabia is amongst the very few countries that unwaveringly supported Eritrea’s right to self-determination.

    (2) Saudi Arabia along with Pakistan are the only two countries that condemned the Weyane naked aggression of 2000.

    (3) Ever since Eritrea’s independence, even taking the ebbs and flow, of the Saudi Eritrean relations, the Saudis have been helpful and cooperative, to say the least. Here is one example, where the loan was earmarked for water project in the city of Keren.

    http://www.arabnews.com/node/263237

    (4) The recent diplomatic rapprochement between The Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia and The Government Of The State Of Eritrea (GSE) which has realigned Eritrea to be ensconced in its right and natural orbit. There will indubitably be a huge payoff in the near and not so near future to Eritrea, if this relation and alignment is handled realistically and astutely. Eritrea will not only benefit from this alliance, but it will handsomely benefit from it. Here is just the tip of the ice berg, so to speak.

    http://www.caperi.com/king-abdullah-economic-city-establishes-red-sea-foundation-to-bolster-regional-trade/

    Next: The Emirati – Eritrean Relations

    • Music Novice

      Greetings ‘Gheteb,

      You said: “… resentments of not being able to join or be accepted by the elites in the Arab schools of higher learning.”

      Which are the Arab schools of higher learning, and what are their achievements?

      You also said: “There will indubitably be a huge payoff in the near and not so near future to Eritrea, if this relation and alignment is handled realistically and astutely.”

      What is the concrete manifestation of this pay-off? What does “if this relation and alignment is handled realistically and astutely” mean?

      Can you answer my layman questions in a concise way, without a zigzag filled detour?

      • ‘Gheteb

        Selam Music Novice,

        Let me see if I am able in clarifying some of the statements I made this way.

        (1) Regarding the elites and Arab Schools of higher learning, here is what I had in my mind:
        I was specifically talking about the lecturer-cum-teacher in the EPLF’s Cadre School where the medium of instruction was in Arabic. (Fact: In the EPLF’s Cadre School, participants/students were taught in either Tigrigna or Arabic.) Here I was talking about the lecturer-cum-teacher of the EPLF’s Cadre School who taught in Arabic.

        This person was educated in some Arab country before joining the EPLF. I was asserting that because of the bad experience, perceived or real, he extends or projects his subjective misperception and overgeneralizations about Arabs in his lectures. Hence the assertion about “tinge of anti-Arabism” and “visceral antipathies ” towards Arabs”. All I was asserting was how ones attitudes towards a race or nation or a group of people is colored by ones perceived or misperceived good or bad experience.

        (2) Apropos resentment and schools of higher learning, here is what I had in my mind. I was trying to impart the experience of an Eritrean student in some Arab university or college. During the course of his studies he may have felt excluded or slighted by the native Arabian students. These are the ones I am referring as the elites who as a rule are of lighter skin tone. This student is a Muslim Eritrean who is now lecturing in the EPLF’s Cadre School. In my opinion, I traced the source of his visceral anti-Arabism to his experience in the Arab university. That was all to it.
        (3) Well, the huge payoff I was talking about is not going to come in the form of the Saudis dishing out and handing us gobs of money, just like that. NO. Here I am talking about INVESTMENT, joint or otherwise, assistance be it technical,educational and in other fields. Even the mere fact that the Saudi’s are going to go easy on Eritrea regarding implementing the UN sanctions against Eritrea is going to be very helpful. Here I am thinking in the lines of trade and importimg stuff from Saudi Arabia.
        (4) Regarding the recommendation that this relationship should be handled realistically and astutely, is to reiterate and underscore the facts that Eritrea is a small, poor and young country that can’t shouldn’t ever be entangled in the inter-Arab rivalary and conduct its dipolamcy within this alliance with its national interests as the ultimate driving force.

        • Music Novice

          Greetings ‘Gheteb,

          A good reply.

        • Hope

          Selamat Gheteb:

          A great and optimistic as well as pragmatic analysis and approach!
          Your modified approach combined with lots of wisdom and facts ,will definitely be persuasive !
          Your link to the ” Diplomat” about Eritrea’s potential and optimistic fate has not got enough attention albeit deliberately by the so called Opposition Forumers,which proves the hypocrisy of most of us here!
          Yes,indeed,there are signs of the time that Eritrea is rising up despite the hiccups ,the sanctions,the sabotage,the isolation ,containment and other obstacles and temptations!

          It is just a matter of time,I guess!
          Keep it up and stay around,Sir!
          At least I am learning some good and technical English,to say the least!

    • saay7

      Selamat Gheteb:

      When you look at the Gov of Eritrea’s policy vis-a-vis the world, it is striking how cyclical it is. It goes from friends to frenemies to enemies and back to friends following a predictable pattern. The case of the relationship with Saudi Arabia is no exception.

      In 1993, President Isaias Afwerki and Mahmoud Sheriffo (as VP? As Foreign Minister?) visited Saudi Arabia to normalize the relationship. The nature of the strain in the relationship was described as “exaggerated” and some unnamed individuals were said to be responsible for straining the relationship. (I don’t think it was the Arabic cadres.)

      https://youtu.be/7pKdZEmVUrQ

      Then this relationship went through its usual up-and-downs, mostly downs, with Isaias Afwerki using Saudi Arabia as a perfect example of a country that has no respect for human rights but never is called to task for it by the West. It was also lumped with the group who are generically referred as puppets of the United States. Saudi Arabia did co-operate with the Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea (SEMG) but NOT with the Commission of Inquiry on Eritrea (Saudi Arabia ignored CoIE’s request to visit the country and interview Eritreans.)

      When Sudan chose Iran over Saudi Arabia as a “strategic ally”, Omar Al-Bashir bragged to his assembled senior officers (in documents leaked to Richard Reeves) the following:

      Regarding Eritrea, we have a good coordination with them that cover all fields including the security ones, and jointly with Iran. We are the ones who nominated or recommended them to Iran and that gained a lot from the relation with Iran, military, economically.

      —Regarding Saudi-Arabia the relation is generally good, but strategically is not good, due to their fear from our relation with Iran and the Muslim Brothers and the Salafi-Jihadist movements that are financed by Iran and Qatar. Also the majority of Arab countries are counting on the West and counting on the Western countries is a loss and we can not change our relation with Iran and our brother with useless relations.

      Recall that Isaias Afwerki visited Tehran, met with Ahmedinejad and said that Eritrea-Iran relations are long and fraternal because Ayatollah Khomeini always included Eritrea in his Friday prayers. For his part, Ahmedinejad said that he saw “no limits” to the expansion of relationship with Eritrea as the two had the same view towards “hegemonic” (read: USA) powers.

      http://edition.presstv.ir/detail/56498.html

      Given that Iran is the mortal enemy of Saudi Arabia, there had to be a response. It is during this period that Eritrean pilots absconded with their planes to Jizan, Saudi Arabia. The female pilot who was sent to return with them ended up asking of asylum in Saudi Arabia.

      Finally, among the 500,000 Saudi cables that were disclosed, a few dealt with Eritrea. One dealt with the Eritrean government’s campaign to block all Eritrean websites which use Arabic as medium. Another dealt with the conversations that Abdella Jaber, PFDJ’s former Director of Organizational Affairs, was having with the Saudi embassy in Eritrea. The Gov of Eritrea translated the communiqué from Arabic to Tigrinya and published it in Hadas Ertra under the heading of “Believe It or Not.” Abdella Jaber, after his disappearance and unable to defend himself, was labeled an Islamist and the mob just went along with that.

      So now with the economic benefits of relationship with the Gulf countries, including Saudi Arabia and Emirates. It makes perfect reason for Eritrea to economic relationship with all Red Sea countries: Egypt, Sudan, Djibouti, Yemen, Saudi Arabia. The problem, as you well know, is that this is not a bilateral relationship, first among equals: It is Saudi Arabia that is calling the shots now. When it broke relations with Iran, three African countries–Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia–broke their relations. Secondly, the reason people are hesitant to embrace Saudi Arabia is that it has two and only two exports: oil (its dominant, but not the only exporter) and Selefi Islam of which Jihadism is a subset.

      All of this is by way of saying that for reasons having to do with the nature of PFDJ (a very tactical organization) and KSA (Selefists are highly influential evangelizers), the relationship will shift shortly.

      saay

      • ‘Gheteb

        Selam SAAY,

        You say:

        ” When you look at the Gov of Eritrea’s policy vis-à-vis the world, it is striking how cyclical it is. It goes from friends to frenemies to enemies and back to friends following a predictable pattern. The case of the relationship with Saudi Arabia is no exception.”

        I ain’t quibbling here, but I can offer many counter examples that call into question and defy your claim about the “cyclical” nature of “the Gov of Eritrea’s policy vis-a-vis the world”. About the only example that may fit your depiction is the Sudanese-Eritrean relations post 1991. And that of U.S Eritrean relation may come close to it, although it remains to be seem if the cycle is to complete. Even the Saudi-Eritrean relations doesn’t neatly fit the “friends —-> frenemies—–> enemies—–> friends” cyclical model you have purported. As I have alluded to in my post, one can detect the “ebbs and flows” in the Saudi-Eritrean relations, but so far as I know, neither Eritrea nor KSA has broken diplomatic relations with the other post 1991.

        Heavens, I can cite innumerable examples where one detects a linear relationship between Eritrea and other countries. The Qatari- Eritrean relations, the Eritrean-Egyptian relations, the Emirati- Eritrean relation, The Japanese-Eritrean relations, the Sino-Eritrean relations, the Kenyan-Eritrean relations and so on and so forth.

        Regarding the normalization of relations between Eritrea and KSA in 1993, just disregard what PIA or Minister Mahmmud Sheriffo said or claimed as nothing more than ‘diplomatese’ or “word of world” — ቃል ዓለም — and allow me to jog your memories about the provenance or genesis of the “ShaeBia- Saudia” strained, tense and troubled relations. From the beginning the Saudis were not comfortable with the EPLF political orientations and they deemed the front to be either a Marxist organization or one dominated by Christians. In contrast, the ELF and other Eritrean organizations had a better relations with the Saudis.

        The Saudis have pointedly asked the then Deputy GS, Isaias Afewerki, if the EPLF was a Marxist organization, to which he replied to: “We are not Marxists, but we are not anti-Marxists”. Astonishingly, the ELF, especially the Labor Party members were up in arms. Even the late Ahmed Nassir found it to be as evidence that the EPLF was not a genuine progressive front. Well, in hindsight that was your typical propaganda grist that was used in the intra-Eritrean political fight.

        In my opinion, the straw that broke the camels back, so to speak and no pun intended, in the Saudi EPLF relations was after the EPLF came out with its “Coalition Proposal” — ናይ ልፍንቲ እማመ — circa 1985-86? in which it called all Eritrean forces outside the Eritrean field to join a national coalition. The EPLF proposal didn’t find any buyers, but right on the heels of it, there was another proposal under auspices of the Saudis that aimed of bringing the non-EPLF forces together.
        The EPLF were livid about it and in those years the EPLF didn’t have good relations with the Saudis until the late 80s, maybe, as its offices were not open. Here the Saudi EPLF ‘diplomatic row’ was not because the Saudis deemed the EPLF to be a Marxist organization because the TPLF had a good relations with the Saudi in the heydays as the adherent of the Albanian model of Marxism.

        Regarding the Saudis co-operations with SEMG, I will chalk it up to the works of Foggy Bottom’s diplomatic works and the Saudis national policies on Somalia. I don’t put too much stock on the scheme of the Saudi-Eritrean relations.

        Anent Iran’s relations to Eritrea, I agree with most of your takes. But here is what I see from where I am standing. The Eritreo-Iranian relationships could NOT be more than tactical compared to that of Saudi Eritrean relations. Simply put, geography, history and genealogy militates against it. My sense is the ephemeral warming up of Eritrea to Iran was a byproduct of political exigencies and nothing more.

        Concerning Abdella Jabir, your guesses are as good as mine as I am not privy to any other information save what is publicly available. I guess the only ones who can authoritatively speak about this case are, the Saudi ambassador — Abdella Jabir’s interlocutor—, the Government of Eritrea and himself, Abdella Jabir. However, those neophytes in PFDJ/GOE tea leaf reading, like me, would tell you that it has been a while since Abdella Jabir has fallen of grace and was pretty much sidelined. Therefore, it is not utterly illogical to presume that he was involved in a political tussle, however others may describe it, belittle or denigrate it.

        Apropos the relations of Eritrea to the GCC countries and its economic benefits, you said that the Saudis will be calling the shots. Sure they would and as I have said in my post Eritrea’s relations with these countries, especially with the Saudis should be handled realistically and astutely. I am not sure if I understood you clearly here. I am under the impression that you have described the relationship of the members as ” first among equals”. If that is the case, then that would describe the Saudis position within the coalition. Let me see if I can bring what I am thinking right here:

        pri·mus in·ter pa·res
        ˌprīməs ˌin(t)ər ˈperēz/
        noun
        a first among equals; the senior or representative member of a group

        Even your pal, Abi, can say something about this as the Amharas (Ethiopians) have something close to it, which, I think, they call as: የጎበዝ ጎበዜ (primus inter pares).

        You also say that:

        ” Eritrea is now mired in the Yemeni civil war, “. Well, what I have so far gleaned from some reports is that Eritrea has supplied some 300-400 ground troops and is training Yemeni soldiers. Even one was to accept those reports as accurate and at face value, that wouldn’t be enough to describe Eritrea’s involvement in Yemen as “being mired”. Well, what do I know. Maybe you can enlighten me on this more and I am all ears.

        You also quote Isaias Afewrki as saying “ኤርትራ ኣብ ፖሊሲ ኪዳናት ኣይትኣምንን፣ ስለዚ ድማ ኣይትጽንበሮን – ኣይትድግፎን’ውን። በዚ ምኽንያት ኣብ ዝኾነ ይኹን ተመሳሳሊ ምትእኽኻባት ኣባልነት ከምዘይብላ ደጊማ ተረጋግጽ…” . I don’t know when or under what context he said those statements, but my take is that they are nothing more than a prime example of political hot air. Well, did I hear anyone say “The Coalition of the willing”? when Eritrea joined the U.S.A in its Iraq invasion.

        Here is what you have asserted and, honestly, I can’t stop scratching my head so, so, furiously. You say that : ” the reason people are hesitant to embrace Saudi Arabia is that it has two and only two exports: oil (its dominant, but not the only exporter) and Selefi Islam of which Jihadism is a subset.” In Eritrea’s case, what the Saudi’s can offer and help us with a lot of things. Of course oil is on the top of the list, because for the past ten years the Government Of Eritrea claims that most of the hard currency it ears from the mining revenue is spent in buying oil.
        The second important Saudi export that you failed to mention is CAPITAL that Eritrea can use in agricultural, educational and health facilities investments. What is more, is the fact that Eritrea, being small, poor and young, can benefit tremendously from its relations with the Saudis by exercising caution and prudence at other unwanted influences that the Saudis may piggyback with their diplomatic activities.

  • tes

    Dear Hope,

    You are funny. Weka yenok yna Blin. Weka gin enti yijarisi. kro hakefi.

    tes

  • tes

    Dear Readers,

    Commander Berhane Gebrehiwet and Chief Strategist Dr. Ghideon Abay of the PFDJ tyrant regime stationed in USA are outlining a strategy to attack the COiE members in Geneva in the coming UN humanitarian meetings.

    Commander Berhane has forwarded very short and concise order of the attack that is meant to give a final blow.

    Dr. Gideon has outlined a clear strategy that will be executed after receing an order from Commander Berhane.

    For full detailed plan, please listen this 2:05:53 hrs secret meetings in USA.

    http://www.eritreadaily.net/News2016/article201601201.htm

    A call to AT, I wish you translated this record into English and Arabic. I think Semere Andom and Semere H. habtemariam can collaborate in this project.

    Let the world listen on this plan.

    Dear AT I call you to expose this secret agenda which is under plan in USA. There is no greater terrorists attack plan than this to UN commissioned party.

    tes

    • A.Osman

      Dear Tes,

      The move to jam COI communication has been clear for quite sometime, recently I read a message from Elsa Chyrum asking opposition members to stop sending message of support as they were addition to the pile of emails.

      Regards
      AOsman

      • tes

        Dear Abi,

        Look!

        There is nothing new about PFDJ. In fact they are in the highdays of “Nihnan Elaman” of the 1970s, plotting all evils against Eritreans.

        Nothing new!

        But enough is enough to say “ they are those we know for what they say”. Every information has to be exposed by saying “here is on your face”.

        Everything they do is that of criminals. But we can not just say “oh those criminals”. any criminal has to be told his crimes.

        And coming to this document, first of all I am not sure if ever a PFDJ cult followers has been translated into English. Translating their meetings will tell the world what they say during their meetings. Ok, there is nothign different from what they did in Geneva (2015). But it is good also to let the world know how these terrorist acts are planned ahead of time.

        These 200 cadres conducted a meeting 6 months ahead of a planned COiE commission meetings.

        Therefore my intention is not something to expose but to let the world know how PFDJ terrorists organize terrorist acts being in democratic countries like USA. The Eritrean embassy in USA is a terrorist center and an organizer of terrorism acts. the world should about this.

        And Switzerland should be aware also on what is planning ahead of time.

        The world has witnessed in 2015 on how the COiE commission members were harassed and threatened in the heart of Geneva.

        Therefore lets not say “they say what they say” it is enough!

        Enough with those criminals.

        tes

        • Hayat Adem

          dear tes,
          whenever i’m reminded of “nihnan elamanan”, one content that puzzles me to death is the line that said: “In short, our goal is…to also destroy (wipe out) Israel, [nisrael midimsas”. Why would any liberation front in Africa take a mission of destroying Israel? It is so weird but someone may have some explanation. Was this something crafted to tune to the wealthy Arabs or it really was something meant for real? No matter how I tried to understand it wouldn’t make sense to me at all. Any explanation, vet Mahmuday?!
          hayat

          • tes

            Dear Hayat Adem,

            Aha good point. Did you forget Zion stands for Israel? The reason was very simple and goes with the word “ጽዮናውያን” -Zionism – a political movement for the establishment of Jews people. just a self talk – don’t take this.

            All Socialist revolutionaries were against this movement as it was heavily supported by USA, the imperialist. Since these revolutionaries were crazy on the imperialism mantra, anything related with it has to be destroyed.

            What amazes me most is that today YPFDJ uses the same mantra to brainwash the young PFDJ cult followers group.

            Yemane Gebreab has consumed Nihnan Elamanan heavily and won’t let free his brainwashed kids be free from his polluted mind. I remember my cadre class which was given during the last session of the 50 days program focusing solely for Nihnan Elamanan. Two days were given to advance this manifesto and to personalize the author, DIA.

            Imagine now Eritrea has lost more than 100,000 fighters and the credit goes the author of this manifesto, the manifesto of the killer.

            tes

          • Nitricc

            Hi Tes, if i were you i will be embarrassed to death to tell people i attended school of cadre. Don’t you have shame to tell people you went to school of cadre? I never attended such schooling but I can have for a breakfast in any debate you want. you are too row and unseasoned for any debate let alone to be a cadre.

          • tes

            Dear Nitricc,

            Do you know how I blow your head always?

            By the way I can not be embarrassed and why so? My main struggle is to expose PFDJ and PFDJ cult followers mindset. I do this because I know it from my schooling.

            Can a doctor (MD) be ashamed to tell his patient where he studied his profession?

            Above all I believe in transparency.

            tes

          • Music Novice

            Greetings tes,

            At the end of the day, the reality is that Nihnan Elamanan achieved victory. Pragmatically speaking, since it brought liberation in 1991, the program must have worked.

            The anti-imperialism and anti-zionism aspect of the document was an aberration due to the leftist view point of the student revolutionaries at that time. But practice has shown that the revolutionaries were able to adjust their strategy based on pragmatic considerations.

          • tes

            Dear MN,

            There were two layers during the armed struggle. One which was led by Nihnan Elamanan aand broke a civil war to keep his manifesto tight (remember this manifesto is solely for Christian highlanders) and the mass who stood for Eritrean liberation from Ethiopian annexation.

            If you told me they both won finally I can agree. Nihnan Elamanan is the mother of toda’s PFDJ. And Eritrean liberation was accomplished.

            However this double standard struggle kept the Eritrean people from getting its FREEDOM. Hope you won’t tell me that Eritrea has got its FREEDOM.

            Differentiate between liberation and freedom in case you want to discuss with me as I was bored to explain you what money is and hope you are not more knowledgeable than before.

            tes

          • Hope

            tes:
            Leave that history of Liberation Era to its owners.
            You cannot be more Catholic than the Pope.
            That is what we call ” GIBBERISH”, talking nonsense over and over about things you have NO CLUE about.
            Nihnan Elamanan was based on Facts and despite its LEGITIMATE Politics,it achieved its GOAL.
            Post-Liberation Era should have belonged to us,to the generation X -to have Freedom.
            We failed, hence, blame your self….
            Plus,it successfully included the Muslims of Sahel and Semhar Abay and more than 50% the CC Members of the EPLF were Muslims.
            But the “Gelgafat of Barka messed up until the last minute.
            talk about as to why and how we have failed and how to repair the damage going forward.
            Empty authoritative rhetoric hiding behind computers in a Comfort Zone aint going to do the job

          • AMAN

            Dear Hope
            I agree with you on this
            The Sahel and the Semhar have shifted the
            Eritrean Liberation Struggle Politics way too far
            to the left as they attempt to distance themselves
            from the ELF.
            One advantage of the ELF over the EPLF is that
            it is centered at the center or Right of Eritrean politics
            unlike the left leaning PLF factions.
            So to correct this fault, I suggest that the Eritrean politics
            makes a major shift to the RIGHT this time in the opposite
            direction to that of the 1975’s….>>>>>>>>>.
            That is why I always stay loyal to the YEMEEN and their agenda
            and opposed to the MENKAEE and their agendas and even to the
            EPLF’s subsequent sudden moves to the left during 1977 to 1987.

          • Dis Donc

            Wow, Hope,
            is that really you? What have you been waiting for, to tell us this? … don’t tell me that you were waiting for a bus, as I aready know that joke.

          • Hope

            Meaning?
            That has been my call!
            I made my testimony as to why I distanced myself from thevPFDJ or the Neon-EPRP style politics!
            Criticizing the past history is not constructive!
            But learning from it so as to make a better history for today and tomorrow!
            Any problem with this approach and stand?
            Please advise!

          • Music Novice

            Greetings tes,

            You know nothing about money, vectors or Nihnan Elamaan. Stick to studying potatoes, garlic, onions and the like.

            Nihnan Elamanan achieved a result i.e. liberation. Furthermore, do you think you will be in Paris to study Food Tech (glorified cookery) without the liberation achieved using Nihnan Elamanan?

          • tes

            Selam MN,

            If crimes can be considered as an achievement let it[Nihnan Elamanan] be. But remember this manifesto has killed and is killing thousands and thousands of people who deviate from it even by an inch.

            tes

          • Music Novice

            Greetings tes,

            So, are you implying that the liberation that was achieved in 1991 is a crime?

          • tes

            Selam MN,

            This is your own conclusion.

            tes

          • Music Novice

            Greetings tes,

            So, you are refusing to comment?

          • tes

            Selam MN,

            On your own conclusion? Yes I can’t comment.

            tes

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Dearest Hayat gual Adem
            Are you really shocked by that? You must have missed out that line in wayanay literature. If you need a reference I can provide you with one. The point is: this ideological linchpin of all leftist movements of that era would not be surprising to any honest reader of revolutionary history, let alone to gual Adem. No, it was not unique to Eritrean revolution, just recheck your not-so-old study notes. Before you go farther, the Derg, and many Ethiopian rebel groups, including Harbegna wayanay, held high that slogan.

          • Hayat Adem

            Mahmuday፣
            I guess you are right. Now I know it was not EPLF alone. This is a late knowledge to me and still mind-boggling. But it sounds crazy all leftists had to fist against Israel when they talk to their people. What was the hafash tegadalay responding when the leadership presents itself to explain that one of the missions for the tegadalay to be ready to die was to get wipe out Israel? How were you doing it when you talk to the ranks and files, to the hafash gebar tegadalay? Why would any leftist liberation front find it sexy and appealing to pick that as a mission and advance it among its constituency? Do you see it as something laughable at least by hindsight? I am sure this is not of one of the values you proudly uphold as a good legacy of ghedli, right? .
            Hayat
            PS: General Clueless, is happily embraced slavery as an acceptable setting for humans. I said then, Did Mahmud read this? I remember what I told him here in the forum long ago when he said he was fearless and dumb. I said then, if one is dumb, fearlessness is a liability as it makes you a fearless dumb. Semere A., then told him that those two coordinates dangerously lethal combo. It is like dumbness is a negative weight, and fearlessness is a positive weight, and the product of them is an insane corner of negativity. I guess we are being exposed to that hazard. Nitricc seems to be mercilessly determined and he is lately weaponizing lethalness not softening up. And I think I am blaming it on you.
            Hayat

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Selam Hayat
            It was not unique to liberation movements. To understand it you would need to revise world socialist movement, particularly the 19th century era. Many social theorists theorized how to build an egalitarian system, they kept building on theorists’ inputs from prior centuries which culminated in the publication of the famous works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels (they framed the struggle for justice and equality as a class struggle. Marx was an economist. He crunched numbers…extrapolated definitions…and forecasted that humanity would be classless, wage less, moneyless…just would be a commodity based egalitarian society….and every one would contribute voluntarily and would consume whatever he/she could…because the world would be plenty of goodies…and because there is no conflict based on material interests, the world would be peaceful….an utopian society. Marx thought this type of society would be an evolutionary continuation of capitalism. Lenin faced a problem. Russia was not that developed. Therefore, Marx’s precondition that socialism must pass through capitalism did not apply to early 20th century Russia. He redefined Marx’s theory to mean countries could circumvent capitalism through the leadership of a revolutionary leadership. Lenin stressed that party and state monopoly were a must for such a situation. Then things get murky when revolutionaries in less developed third world countries want to adopt ….and they come up with fixing….thuat’s why you have divisions among the socialists: USSR vs China Versions…and some in between such as Yugoslavia… Albania (read: TPLF). Anyway, that sexy theory came to Africa very late. From Guinea Bissau (Amilcar Cabral to the ANC…to Angola…Ethiopia…Zimbabwe…Mozambique…people tried to take varieties of it and tried to implement it on herders and gatherers. Well, they designed improvisations, but, still, it was, I guess, intellectual craziness. That makes me laugh today.
            I remember in the cadre school (not to mistaken it with tes’ school), we were writing notes on Marxism-Leninism for folks who were not good enough to copy notes. Imagine 1st grade or second grade was “learning” historical and dialectical materialism, and concepts of Marx’s CAPITAL. I mean, to come out from that course with something, at least you have to have some fundamentals on pure and social sciences.
            FYI: It was not meant to physically annihilate Israel, but defeat the Zionist movement which was aimed at expelling Palestinians from their home land. Remember, most of the socialist theoreticians were Jewish. Therefore, it was not meant to be anti-Semitic. On the other hand, many of the then industrialists in America were Jewish, and the sense that the imperialist camp was controlled by them was also prevailing. All in all, it was a dope.
            It’s funny, though, that you could see, here in the west, a lot of policies targeting the working class. Therefore, it was, I guess, an idea of social justice taken to the extreme…producing murderous monsters in history.

          • Abi

            Hi Vet
            You are firing all 8 cylinders.
            Joke for you
            Growing up in “Hibretesebawit Ethiopia “, we used to joke about socialism.
            We said , if Marx got up today and see Ethiopia is a socialist country, he would commit suicide right away.
            I just wanted to spice up your cadre style hateta.

          • Dis Donc

            Dear Mahmut,
            Where have you been hiding this kind of analysis, all the time? Bien hecho camarad!!!

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Hi Dis Donc
            Thanks. Likewise, I find your inputs well done and dispassionate.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Hi Mahmuday,

            I will reserve my rebut late after the current struggle. Trust me your argument has many holes to fill in.

            Regards
            Amanuel Hidrat

          • Gogo

            Merhaba Mahmud,
            Frankly, I do not understand why sympathising with people who are suffering from the same global economic and political system is laughable. If one is not inflicted with Teapartyism a la Sara Palin, there is nothing incredibly unbelievable or mind-boggling about showing solidarity with oppressed people elsewhere. The insinuation that ordinary people, Hafash, are incapable of fathoming how the global forces of progress and reaction are arrayed and where to position themselves on the ideological plane is simply snooty. In fact, one of the best legacies of the left that is worth keeping is its attempt to supersede provinciality and create a global network of the underdogs. The need for forging supranational networks of progressive movements was not only ethical but also practically necessary because the enemy, global capital, crosscuts local/national boundaries.

            regards,

          • Semere Andom

            Hi Hayat and Mahmuday:

            The assertions of those years to wipeout Israel, a nation that literally rose from the ashes, a nation that is the solution to the middle east and to Africa if they can swallow their pride and admit that Israel is a model and follow it. This shows you that whoever wrote Nhan Elamaman was dumb, unoriginal. I always said that IA and his friends were young and inexperienced people who were never responsible, never held jobs, never paid their rent and they were parachuted to deciding our fate in their teens. Now I add the dumb and stupid. Now compare that to the founding fathers of USA, many of them were young, like J. Monroe, the difference was that these young men were smart and did not pooh-pooh men like Ben Franklin, who were in their late 70s by then, but they sought their advice and the combination of the young and exuberant and idealist and the older and wiser men produced what we now know as USA.

            Even TPLF when Melles and Co came to power in a kind of democratic coup they did not fire and arrest the elders like Aboy Sebhat. IA and Co fired Sabbe, WelWel, otherwise if they collaborated with these veteran giants they would never write such stupid thing like wiping Israel.

            But Israel was not going to be wiped out by teenagers. It is just common sense, you would think that self-reliance would apply to thought too and not just to food. And those blunders still loom high in the Eritrea psych for their disdain of Israel and if you ask them what Israel did to you, they cannot produced anything to justify their hate for Israel. Do not make mistake about it , when Petros Solomon said that Eritreans were like Israel after independence, it was not in emulating the rise from the ashes of the state of Israel but I suspect that it was a code for this: the 4million Eritrea will bully and terrorize the entire Africa as Israel is doing to the entire Arab world.

            Let us call it for what it is, Nhan Elamanan was unoriginal, irresponsible and divisive and th tell-tale of its venom has been infused in current Eritrea, in the thinking of many Eritreans and that it underpinned EPLF

          • Mahmud Saleh

            tegadalay Semere
            First of all, the debate is not os nHnan Elamanan. but the squeezing thin of the slogan (anti-Zionism slogan) to fit Eritrean ghedli.Don’t naïve (I know the great Ted will come swinging, I know, Ted, you will say Sem is not naïve…haha…let the fire roar). Anyway, Dear Sem Andom, even the literature of our friends in the Ethiopian rebel movements and our own Jabha Abbay was riddled by those passionate slogans. nHnan Elamanan, when seen within its context, and time, was in fact, an origina Eritrean piece of work produced by a 24 years old young man, who had just finished high school and a 6month course in China (better than Naqfa Cadre School, I guess).Does it have errors, exaggerations, misconceptions…? Yes. Abundant. That’s why it was shelved away to be read only as a complimentary readings when people went through the history of Eritrean revolution. This is my recollection of the document, truth be told, my friend.
            The critics bring this document to show how EPLF was founded to cater to a section of our people (Kebessa). Now, if EPLF became what the critic allege it was founded to become, meaning, if EPLF was a sectarian organization, true to its alleged founding principle, then we must be talking about a different organization. If we are to believe that nHnan Elamanan was designed to be a venomous sectarian document, and if we are to continue that line of thought to cover what EPLF became to be known (sectarian), then we must be talking about a different EPLF. There were ELEMENTS in the organization who were ethnocentric, they will still exist….ethnocentrism is not unique to EPLF, but it was not a defining character. Am I going to say ELF was a Baathist, or a pan Arabist simply because elements and underlining of such discourses and leanings existed in it? No.

          • Ted

            Hi the greatest. I disagree, He ain’t naive as you said. Your first instincts were right. He is naive because he doesn’t know how to fight what/whoever is standing on his way. it has been decades since he knew EPLF/PFDJ/IA to be incompetent/evil/savage/deceitful plus all the labels he used to make himself righteous about his undertaking against GoE. Only naive person use 50 yrs old story for motivation for the organization that he believes to be irrelevant/murderer/ then and now as we speak. Every time his handlers TPLF get cornered, he goes back to history book of ELF?EPLF, organizational jargon. I feel for him that he is out of touch with current development and changing dynamics. I lied when i said i feel for him, it sucks you are not me.

          • tes

            Dear Mahmud Saleh,

            You wrote, Yes. Abundant. That’s why it was shelved away to be read only as a complimentary readings when people went through the history of Eritrean revolution. This is my recollection of the document, truth be told, my friend.

            Well, well, well!!!

            I agree with you when you said that Nihnan Elamanana was shelved during most of the Ghedli days. But it didn’t wither out as it should be. Today and especially PFDJ after 2004 is using this manifesto 100%. And specially among YPFDJ (hence Yemane Gebreab) this manifesto is widely read and is considered as a sacred book. Nihnan Elamanan today is read and implemented more than anytime before. Such developments came not out of necessity but the so called “Achievements” of DIA.

            In case you failed to update on this issue kindly try to meet any YPFDJ member and verify.

            The reason why Yemane Gebreab is diffusing this manifesto is to marvel DIA and hence to continue the administration system of inner circles of DIA. Nothing less and nothing more.

            Plus those who put a shame on DIA to write such manifesto and later put that paper on shelf are almost gone now. DIA is tall with his Nihnan Elamanan Adherents.

            tes

          • Gogo

            Selam Semere,
            Your idea of Israel and it being a ‘solution to the middle east and Africa’ is a bland and uncritical parroting of the propaganda material peddled by its apologist and apocalyptic christian rights who mistake biblical mythology for real historical facts according to which they think the political boundaries of the Middle East can be legitimately redrawn. Serious historical scholarship on the creation of Israel, including emerging and highly acclaimed Israeli historians like Shlomo Sand, is unequivocal about the violent and disruptive nature of its creation. The myth of ‘the land without people for the people without land’ which underwrote the creation of Israel is busted and the genocidal damage it wrought on Palestinian population is fully documented. In fact, Israel is nothing less than a settler colony and an outgrowth of the exigencies of European colonial projects. And today to all intents and purposes the state of Israel is an apartheid state. And you call this state a solution and a model and chastise people who express their opposition to it? I would love to read your reason Semere nebsi. I also fail to see how slave drivers and architects of the ‘manifest destiny’ such as James Monroe figures as paragons of political wisdom.

            regards.

          • Gogo

            Selam Semere,
            Your idea of Israel and it being a ‘solution to the middle east and Africa’ is a bland and uncritical parroting of the propaganda material peddled by its apologist and apocalyptic christian rights who mistake biblical mythology for real historical facts according to which they think the political boundaries of the Middle East can be legitimately redrawn. Serious historical scholarship on the creation of Israel, including emerging and highly acclaimed Israeli historians like Shlomo Sand, is unequivocal about the violent and disruptive nature of its creation. The myth of ‘the land without people for the people without land’ which underwrote the creation of Israel is busted and the genocidal damage it wrought on Palestinian population is fully documented. In fact, Israel is nothing less than a settler colony and an outgrowth of the exigencies of European colonial projects. And today to all intents and purposes the state of Israel is an apartheid state. And you call this state a solution and a model and chastise people who express their opposition to it? I would love to read your reason Semere nebsi. I also fail to see how slave drivers and architects of the ‘manifest destiny’ such as James Monroe figures as paragons of political wisdom.

          • Music Novice

            Greetings Gogo,

            “Serious historical scholarship on the creation of Israel …”?

            Starting the 7th century, the Arabs used the principle of might is right to grab swaths of territory. So, when the Israelis do the same, the Arabs should not complain, because it lacks consistency.

            Gogo, you are wrong when you say: “And today to all intents and purposes the state of Israel is an apartheid state.” You are just repeating a loony leftist slogan. In Israel, the Israel-Arabs can, if they choose, participate in every activity as the Israeli-Jews do such as setting up in business, going to University, electing and being elected to parliament. There is no segregation based on Apartheid.
            On the other hand, those Arabs in the Palestinian Authority (PA) area have their own inept and corrupt government.

            The Israelis are a very creative bunch, and it is amazing how the they have created a high-tech based society in fields such as agriculture, water usage, medicine and electronics, to name but few. They need to be commended for what they have done.

          • Semere Andom

            Hi Gogo;

            Sorry for the delayed response. I read your reply late hence my tardy reply

            First, I did not invoke the right wing group that constantly apologizes for Israel even when Israel is at fault, even when Israel applies unmeasured force, because the group in question base their believe on the “God given right” of Israel to claim the “God given land”. I am not basing my assertion of Israel being the solution to the Middle East and Africa on the said believes

            Second, Israel being an Apartheid regime, this is false and insincere as everyone as articulate as knows the Palestinians have more rights in Israel courts than in their own land where they die of it

            When Israel was created 50 years ago, although it got help from the West, but primarily it was of the hard work of Jews in Europe and Canada and USA to fulfill the ancient prophecy of the rule of the return. So it was not created and given to them on a silver plate as you seem to insinuate. Far from it. Do I agree with the creation of the state of Israel after 2000 years? No! But I cannot do anything about it and no one can do anything about it, even the big mouth dictators that surround it, they will just be killing each other and their kids and they will destroy themselves before they push Israel to the sea.

            I take it given that Israel is there and I admire its success in the last 50 years, in rule of law, in science, technology and what they accomplished for itself, not just to survive in that hostile area but strive. I do not expect Israel to be nice to the Arabs, who are hell bent to destroy it, they are there to look for themselves, and in the midst of an area that produces dictator as fast as they produce children from their polygamous marriages, and Israelites has created a vibrant democratic nation for themselves. A bigot Jew who kills an Arab or refugee will be punished by law, because it is a country of laws, but primarily it is there to uphold its own interest so in that regard, emulating Israel will be a solution for both Africa and Middle East. I am not saying Israel from the goodness of its heart will be a solution to two places that is infested with the plague of dictatorship

            As to the slave owners like J Monroe. No country starts perfect, USA started with all men were created equal but enslaved blacks, yet it refined its founding principle and we have a far better nation now. Same thing in our case; Ghedli started in Barka and the era of regionalism that plagued the beginning of our revolution has evolved to give us a national organization.

          • Hayat Adem

            Selamat Mahmuday and Semere A.,
            My political readings start with the start of this Century. I am not saying everything I know is that recent but it is how I consciously include political readings in my menu. As much as I want to see the future, I had to walk backwards to the past through selective readings. So, though I would like to be seen as logically consistent and principled, it is also true you may have have spotted a lot of gaps in my historical knowledge.
            I have seen anti-zionism slogans, too, in some other leftist orgns’ statements, manifestos or declarations of different regions including those from Africa. Most of them are stated or expressed as a statement of disapproval or alignment, like we denounce Zionism, or We stand against Zionism and in solidarity with Palestinians’ struggle. Yet, I still don’t see the wisdom, even being an internationalist or leftist movement, to flag up your anti-zionist/Israel stand upfront. But what puzzled me even more in the nihnan elamanan document was the intention described there with active voice and physical manifest: ‘[One of] our primary goal is “n’israel midmsas”‘. Mahmuday, a question for you: If this was not laughable to you in the ghedli time, how come it is not now? I understand, a goal or a mission in your ghedli is a commitment of investing yourself including martyrdom for the sake of achieving it. If so, how were you convinced as teghadalai to die for such a cause (n’Israel midimsas)?
            Okay, others were doing it (though as a statement of solidarity with Palestinians, not as a direct necessity of removing Israel). But, is that a justification for EPLF to really put it as actively voiced goal of action to wipe-out Israel? Were you really ready to die for the cause of wiping out Israel? If it was not meant to be physically, why would you word is “elamana n’israel midimasas;yu” as such? Please deal with these questions with the help hindsight and honesty, don’t be clouded by past knowledge gaps.
            Hayat

          • Mahmud Saleh

            Hi Gogo, Emma, Dis Donc et al

            Gogo:
            I understand your point. And I don’t generally condemn Eritrean revolution for getting influenced by its time. Societies and social movements, and any benchmarks in history should be seen within their contexts. I was responding to Hayat who wanted to paint as if anti Zionism slogans were uniquely Eritrean. She went on to mock the audacity of Eritrean ghedli to raise such slogans and its “readiness” to die in the purpose of wiping out Israel. I had to travel a long way to explain to unsuspecting readers. I know Hayat knows what those slogans meant. If she could talk about the era of ghedli and Mengstu…she surely knows, at least, she saw traces of those slogans (either in TPLF land or Durg land; this is without commenting on how well versed Hayat is on such issues. Therefore, I took it as a political mischaracterization and selective attack when she wanted to imply the restriction of those slogans to Eritrean ghedli. That’s why I had to go to a passing coverage of the links (Emma, I’m not doing any analysis, I’m just connecting dots as to how that “ism” reached our shores and brains). Therefore, the alignments and realignments of similar programs and other social agenda’s will continue, and it was not wrong to align with liberation movements which carried same programs and slogans. My laughing emanates from the following faulty assumptions of Marxism-Leninism- I’m all ears if you can help me out, though.
            1. While attempting the redistribution of ownership and means of production away from the bourgeoisie class, it created a state monopoly, depriving the working class of all means except adrenaline of feeling good; it monopolized every aspect of life. If Marx’s famously said to workers “you have nothing to lose except shackles,” his theory driven communist (socialist) system produced a working class that is even more bonded by state sanctioned bureaucratic layers. Comparing the working class in capitalist world at that time, with the socialist working class, I would tend to say, the working class of the capitalist systems were better off. The middle class of the capitalist system (the backbone of the system) is mostly comprised of the working class. That’s because the relationship between business and labor force is ruled not by a five…ten…years economic plans but by a simple economic principle: the availability of incentives to create jobs and the free and fluid availability of workforce based on choices. Monopolized and planned economies led to the famishing of human beings both materially and intellectually while the capitalist system continues reinventing itself, fitting new challenges*. It was proven it could not work. the USSR collapsed, China is redefined its system. Today China holds only improvised political monopoly system, its economic leg has been made to look any thing but communist.
            2. What makes me laugh is the pedagogical part of it. I don’t know what I thought of it, or what I would think of establishing requirements for attending those course; or drafting courses that would suit the educational level’s make up of the population who was needed to attend them; or may be preparing a sort of grade levels that would fit different educational levels or INTELLECTUAL PREPAREDNESS of the attendees….I think a lot could have been done. What’s the benefit for a person who could not take notes in his/her native language attending those courses? You know to understand those materials you will have to have your fundamentals in order. Again, it would be a preposterous act to criticize ideological and political trends of that era. It was a logical continuation of struggles waged by oppressed people elsewhere and previously. Rationally, we would be expected to judge individual social movements and their leanings within the larger world social movements of that time. In short, I was trying to share those two points with my fri3end Hayat. In Hegel’s words, “To him who looks upon the world rationally, the world in its turn presents a rational aspect. The relation is mutual” The key word here is “Rationally.”
            * Let me show you guys how socialist ideas are still alive and driving forces in the west.
            – Have you thought of your income return (those in the USA), isn’t that income redistribution?
            – Affirmative action (Nit, have you benefited from it?)
            -Labor Unions
            -Welfare
            – Social security…maternal…medical….benefits (Semere Andom can give us some more. How about the European, and particularly, Scandinavian countries, where migrants attempt to reach?
            I could go on and on, but the point is: to have a semblance of social justice, you don’t need monstrous monopoly state structures that have no accountability.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Gogo,

            Well said brother. You have a good picture as to the direction of the world economic crises and the concenration of the global capital to a few international oligarchy.

            regards
            Amanuel Hidrat

          • Semere Andom

            Hi Hayat and Mahmuday:

            The assertions of those years to wipeout Israel, a nation that literally rose from the ashes, a nation that is the solution to the middle east and to Africa if they can swallow their pride and admit that Israel is a model and follow it. This shows you that whoever wrote Nhan Elamaman was dumb, unoriginal. I always said that IA and his friends were young and inexperienced people who were never responsible, never held jobs, never paid their rent and they were parachuted to deciding our fate in their teens. Now I add the dumb and stupid. Now compare that to the founding fathers of USA, many of them were young, like J. Monroe, the difference was that these young men were smart and did not pooh-pooh men like Ben Franklin, who were in their late 70s by then, but they sought their advice and the combination of the young and exuberant and idealist and the older and wiser men produced what we now know as USA.

            Even TPLF when Melles and Co came to power in a kind of democratic coup they did not fire and arrest the elders like Aboy Sebhat. IA and Co fired Sabbe, WelWel, otherwise if they collaborated with these veteran giants they would never write such stupid thing like wiping Israel.

            But Israel was not going to be wiped out by teenagers. It is just common sense, you would think that self-reliance would apply to thought too and not just to food. And those blunders still loom high in the Eritrea psych for their disdain of Israel and if you ask them what Israel did to you, they cannot produced anything to justify their hate for Israel. Do not make mistake about it , when Petros Solomon said that Eritreans were like Israel after independence, it was not in emulating the rise from the ashes of the state of Israel but I suspect that it was a code for this: the 4million Eritrea will bully and terrorize the entire Africa as Israel is doing to the entire Arab world.

            Let us call it for what it is, Nhan Elamanan was unoriginal, irresponsible and divisive and th tell-tale of its venom has been infused in current Eritrea, in the thinking of many Eritreans and that it underpinned EPLF

  • A.Osman

    Dear Awatista,

    Can someone kindly summarise the below article, I have reached second bullet point but my snail speed is putting off. It does not have to be full detail, just a summary in bullet points.

    http://assenna.com/%E1%88%B5%E1%88%88%E1%88%9D%E1%8A%95%E1%89%B3%E1%8B%AD-%E1%88%9D%E1%89%95%E1%8B%AB%E1%88%AD-%E1%89%A3%E1%8C%A4%E1%88%AB/

    Regards
    AOsman

    • saay7

      Selamat A.Osman:

      Just read the summary, it is only one paragraph. And, keep reading because language is a nice friend: it will come back to you very quickly.

      When the issue of currency change first surfaced, we discussed two possibilities: deflation and inflation. I was in the deflation camp. The author explains how deflation has come about:

      1. Government confiscates people monies. (AT called it an involuntary bond system: we will keep your money and give it to you in small increments, based on our whim.) When withdrawing large sums for special occasions, a form is required. I am sure you have seen a new form now: people have to fill out a form with a line-item budget for videographer, hall rental, etc. If you haven’t seen it, here it is:

      https://twitter.com/Selkid/status/689055126213017600

      2. With shortage of money, merchants have no customers. And following supply and demand rules, this results in collapse in prices.

      Most economists would call this a dangerous phenomenon which can result in irreversible downward spiral of the economy. But most people are not economists and they are happy (for now) that price of staples has fallen.

      saay

      • PTS

        SAAY,
        I like #10, the torta (wedding cake) question. It only asks how much it costs and who you got it from. The government trusts the people to make decisions on how many slices the cake should be cut into, how big each slice should be in inches square, and who should get a slice, etc…
        But the one I really like is #11. Other. people should fill out there like ‘well let’s see, I paid 7500 nakfa to bribe officials to give me green light to purchase wedding cake and closing, I also contributed around 5000 nakfa to opposition groups because I was soo furious for having to fill out the damn form about my wedding cake and other stuff that was strictly none of you pfdj’s business!.

      • A.Osman

        Selamat SAAY,

        OK I will have to go back and read it as no one is offering help :(. These days I am even trying to use geez when writing, thanks to Kokhob for providing the site for it -http://www.lexilogos.com/keyboard/amharic.htm.

        1 – I think around 2003 the government advised people that they should make weddings smaller (am sure there is a specification like ኪልተ በጊዕ ይአኽለኩም type of prescription). When they fill that form and try to maximise the amount to withdraw, I bet you they will tell them መን አሉካ፥ አዚ ሚስ ኣዋጅ 45-03 ዜይከይድ ውጺኢት እዩ. Proper austerity measure that the world must learn from our #1 nation. January is a wedding season, some will manage using $ that their relatives can take to the country, others who are forced to fill the form, will likely not get their full wish list or have to manage by borrowing if they must.

        2 – On money market – my understanding is that it follows inflation – short deflation – inflation as follows:

        a. The capital flight started before the announcement of currency change (that’s for those who are well connected) and it will carry on in the future more than ever (both inflation causing actions).

        b. Straight after the announcement, people rushed to get rid of the old Nakfa causing a brief hyper-inflation.

        c. Trigger for deflation – During the exchange the black market experienced a squeeze to virtually a halt as those sending money to the country either opted to (i) wait and see, (ii) send only smaller amount just sufficient for their family to get buy or (iii) demanded that money is transferred using the new/ acceptable currency. Those in the exchange market could only cater for the small transfer (ii), causing the squeeze.

        d. Now Post change phase, the situation of (c) persists, with the old currency being void and out of market and the new yet to be issued. As the government is trying to hold out from releasing money to the market the demands from c (i),(ii) and (iii) must have picked up, sustaining to deflation in the market. We also need to keep the relaxation of up to $10,000 that be taken to the country without declaration helps to increase availability of hard currency relative to NKF in the market (http://www.globalpolicyjournal.com/blog/18/07/2012/strong-currency-somalia-how-and-why). Businesses are happy to reduce their prices so long the $ exchange rate remains low as they are able to profit and replenish their stock easily.

        e. Unless the global effect of reduced oil price helps to keep the deflation or the involvement of GCC countries helps the economy, the government cannot play “small increment” to prolong the current price reductions while keeping the public discontent from boiling out of control. I believe in few months time inflation is on the horizon, but may not be as bad as 2015 not due to a well managed intervention by the government but due to external influences.

        Regards
        AOsman

  • Berhe Y

    Dear Hope,

    No I don’t mind the interaction. I will take your arguement that Eritrea has sworn enemy, even though I believe most of it is its own making.

    So for example, let’s look at the boarder issue. Through the diplomatic efforts of Haike DuruE and Haile Menkorios, they have managed to secure the the support of the UN and SC, and the US, EU. The SC to send peace keeping troops and stop the advance if Ethiopia (even though at great loss of ERITREAN lands) and gave Ethiopia “no excuse” to continue the war. I am mindful the Eritrean Defence and it did what it could to stop Ethiopia (for example from Asab Front), but at the same time I know first hand the order the president to evacuate from Asab, and all administration left the city with out even closing their office desks. It’s the refusal of General Totil in Asab front and Resi MraK in AliTena and the Eritrean defence forces against the order of the “jewjaw”, president, telling him, if Weyane are going to take Asab or go to adi quala, they have to kill us first. I don’t need to remind you, the unilateral withdrawal order he gave to withdraw, not only from contested areas but even sovereign Eritrean lands within 24 hrs.

    I understand war is not exactly as one hopes and plans. But if it’s was not for the UN who is to say, the war would have ended there. Who is to say, Ethiopia after regrouping could not advance and take over Asab and other Eritrean territories.

    The point I am making, force and defence is important but I believe diplomacy is more important (as per Tony Lake open letter to the Boston globe, when Ghirma Asmerom accused Haile DureE of treason, no Eritrean has understood the power of diplomacy as Haile DuruE, which I personally believe was responsible for all the positive things we are proud from EPLF).

    Now going back to diplomacy, Haile said in Germany speech, weyane will come with all kinds of excuses to delay the demarcation but it will be a fight with our lawyers and the UN SC, once we have the peace keeping deployed. He predicted years.

    Going back to 2008/2009 Isayas miscalculated and thought the demarcation of the boarder give him victory over weyane and would be a cause for their collapse, thus he started to provoke the UN for not punishing Ethiopia. It was causing the SC a lot of money and resources and they were pressuring the Ethiopian government, albeit unsuccessful BUT continue to pressure, where Ethiopia went through different phases of “acceptance”. We will not accept, we will accept with 5 points, we will accept non contested areas, and we will accept fully.

    If you couldn’t figure out. That the UNMEE had to report back on the progress and ask next nugget approval to continue operations. The demarcation was on the SC agenda every six month. And the report and recommendations was for Ethiopia to accept and Eritrea to allow flights, some UN rations, movement etc, very small incovienence compared to allowing them in your own territory. This gave the UN perfect opportunity to pack and leave. IA would NOT even meet Anan in Asmara airport, just because he hired Haile Memkorios as special advisor.

    Well a year later the UN packs and leave and Ethiopia and Djibouti device a sanction on Eritrea and convince all African countries and the SC.

    Now for the last 5 years, all they talk about is, repeal the sanctions and there has NEVER been a single day the demarcation was discussed, talked about or written about it.

    GOOD luck if we will ever see the boarder demarcated unless the Ethiopian government is willing to allow it to happen.

    Now what we are taking about is the COI and if the ICC has a mandate to take Eritrea to court. And why NOT those others who are committing more.

    Very simple, can you find a single country in the last 25 years since the collapse of the eastern block that it manages to disappear it’s VIce President, it’s foreign minister, it’s information minister, all journalists and closed all private papers, and disappeared them from the face of the earth, without no trail, no death sentence, no life imprisment and GOT away with it.

    It really frustrating how the PFDJ symptiers do NOT see this parallel. Eritrea have signed the UN charter and it has agreed to Rome protocol that it will NOT as a nation engage in extra judicial killing and commit crime against humanity.

    If it can do so to the highest members of the government imagine what it will do to the rest. This is the UN tabled in its report, mass and systematic state sponsored crimes.

    Why should I care what the Alatoyas of Iran, the Saudi Zeliotes are doing and even suggest as a reason to justify what’s happening to my people.

    If you guys say, we will reform the system, go ahead Saeda yiSnaHkum but as for me, I support all legal and peaceful means to bring down IA and its system of government to its knees.

    Berhe

    • Music Novice

      Greetings Berhe,

      It seems that you are demanding for a revolution. But this is not going to happen in your lifetime. You need an interval of at least 50 years between two successful revolutions.

      A country such as Eritrea, which has bled so much, will not be able to support back-to-back revolutions so soon. I will leave this to you to ponder about it.

  • Solomon Haile

    Heyyyy! Thinking of the coolest dudes like The Fonz that you Cats are!

    What do you guys think about The US Supreme Court taking on President Barrack Obama’s Immigration challenge?

    PBS’s Blue Bird or Cookie Monster comes to mind in this pivotal election year 2016 is.

    Okay Ms. Piggy you say it:

    “Can you say Constitutional Law Professor!”

    Okay Awatista Hope, your Botisatva or Buddah philosophy aside (we should meditate and contemplate together some time at St. George or Medhane Alem together sometimes!)

    Can you say: “Freedom of warship and Freedom of Congregation?” That was the only intersection possible of your KuOuso ShikEE pandering to you “gerhi or gullible shikor loving tSAtSE.” Dude you are selling your great mind short.

    tSAtSE

  • dawit

    Dear All,
    Finally Good News from “Assenna Eritrean the Independent News Resource”
    “ምልካዊ ስርዓት ኢሳይያስ፣ ክፍሊት ብሕታዊ ክራይ ከመሓድር ከምዝጀመረ ምንጭታት ሓቢሮም።”

    According to assenna.com the Eritrean government has started rent control in Asmara. This was a long overdue policy that will reduce inflation further down. Asmara is now joining the great city of New York in implementing government rent control for renters, protecting them against greedy land lords, who were taking advantages of shortage in the housing market causing inflation to the ordinary residents. Salary increase, Commodity prices going down and Rent going down, that must be the case when Nitricc talk about turning around In Eritrea.

    • A.Osman

      It does not look about inflation control, more about the 40% tax. Whats the next surprise?

    • Solomon Haile

      zKheberka Aboy,

      I think that is not a good move. The Great City of Asmara should be the most expensive renter in this globe. Rent should be more than that of New York City, San Francisco and Tokyo. Perfect climate, extraordinary spectacular views etc etc… And especially that there is great interest by the Gulf States, EU, North America, and China now that Eritrea has finally turned the corner for good due to Gold, Oil, Regional Political and Military investments it would be a shame not to take advantage of the revenues by blessed and wealthy foreign dwellers in the most beautiful city on this blue dream Earth in my humble opinion. I do believe some consultation by the great self made New Yorker could be helpful to the PFDJ.

      If however rent could be subsidized for Asmarinos to 1/3rd of that paid by out of State (with a capital) renters much like tuition is in the USA then perhaps I will give it some thought. I for one would gladly and am planning to pay three times as the locals.

      Sincerely

      tSAtSE
      Your Son

    • Music Novice

      Greetings dawit,

      24 years overdue but a commendable move. Better late than never!

      • sara

        Dear MN,
        My uncle this days is at home by 8 pm, my cousins are happy because he comes carrying bananas, oranges and ofcourse
        Paninos.

  • Solomon Haile

    Dude! ChilaX!
    Thanks for making your views or feelings about the PFDJ clear to yours truly and the rest of the forum. I am sort of a Dead Head. Alcohol just does’t do it for me. In the past decade I can count on the digits on my right hand only with my tongue touching each finger and not continue to lick the fingers on my left hand. However, if somehow five half acid hits were secretly placed on each finger of my left finger by the EIA (Eritrean Intelligentsia agency) I may proceed to count with my tongue and reach the number TEN. This is to say or answer your question Dear RedNeck, that I am NOT a drunkard. I hear you but you are probably young enough to by my grandson. gnnn aboHagotatey mesilomm iyomm, Iti QolA Abo isikha suQ bellll ane kzareb iye zble zemen kimeTsiE iye. I am paraphrasing of course.
    The only translation I have done is your nick name. It means RedNeck in the English language. You are probably using it literally. For all I know you could be a Martian with a red neck purple hair and your nostrils are green antennas sticking out of your purple hair. And if Trump is elected you may be affected as he is vocal about deporting terrestrial aliens let alone an ET with a RedNeck at that. Unless, you are preemptively strategizing and pandering for Naturalization hedging your bet with a seemingly Xenophobic Yankee trying to pass as a RedNeck….
    The truth of the matter is this is the range of my interest on Eritrean matters in cyber space in 2016. (AOsman, Hope) (KindaBored, Dissapointed) but I value their comments as it is informative and I wish them to maintain the dialogue, if it can be called that, and inevitably break this perpetual stalemate by, as my brother used to tell me, by “Hook or Crook.” Your nickname interested me at the time since I returned from Kushlandia adjacent to Duck Country Oregon. When Panther Cam Newton wins a ring in Supper Bowl 50 I will console Kushlandia’s good neighbors, the Oregon Duck from their collective cheer for their favorite quarter back CN. “gEISO NAY zom MayDerho Tuum iyu, gn ane meste ayfetunn iye…” Lots of RedNecks do though. Cheers Mate!
    tSAtSE

  • Nitricc

    I know i have been ignoring you so, it is natural for you go stupid. anyway get lost. you are not worth my time, that why i ignored you, sorry!

    • Danny

      Oh please!!! I want your attention. Ah, you just proved your feebleness. People here will treat you with a bit of respect when you pinch your nose and dive into Eritrea and harp about how you like the changes from Sawa. Until then, you remain childish and incoherent.

  • PTS

    Good morning folks,
    What the pfdj is doing to the Eritrean economy is unbelievable. 10KN is the maximum amount one can withdraw from the bank. If you need to withdraw more than 10KN for larger expenses like wedding or buying properties, you have to fill out forum (declare) AND take witnesses to the bank.
    One more exhibit PFDJ is worse than Derg.

    • Hope

      PTS:
      Can you tell us as to why the ” corrupted” PFDJ is doing that?
      At least speculate!

      Do not rush into judgements yet as it is only 1-2 month since the new Nacfa Currency is declared and it takes time and scrutiny to process the PROCESS!
      The stupid thing about Eritreans and their Politics nowadays is that we have become so passive and cry only after things have happened ‘

      • PTS

        Hope,
        It got worse. Assenna now says the max is actually 5000 and not 10,000.
        4000 goes to rent, you spend the 1000 on basic stuff like food and water for few days. How do you survive the rest of the time? The proven sewrawi method: ከከም ሽጣራኻ!!

        • Peace!

          Selam PTS,

          Actually it is 10,000. My mom just came a couple of days ago. Of course she is not happy that her money is being held hostage by mafia PFDJ, but at the same time she is happy to see food prices have dropped significantly in some cases 80%. I understand it is hard to explain how long it might sustain given there are no data available in state-run economy other than that what seems the problem?

          Peace!

          • A.Osman

            Dear Peace,

            10,000 promised, 5,000 given – at least that is what I heard from someone who lives in Asmara. Unless they changed the rule halfway, then you have people who received either 10K or 5k depending on early or late delivery of their money. You are talking around approx $400 being generous, it is beyond acceptable. What might be keeping things going is that notes under 50NFK were already in circulation, the government may have concluded it is sufficient for the temporary situation, but it a crazy condition to subject a whole nation.

            Hope,

            People have not rushed, they have been really patient. You are starting to amaze me with your abundant “benefit of doubt”.

            Regards
            AOsman

          • Peace!

            Ahlen AOsman,

            The point I am trying to make is that people have seen their purchasing power rise with the little money they’re allowed to withdraw other than that I am not trying to imply 10,000 is enough or that the non existent economy is some how recovering. It is stunning that after years of abuses the people left with no choice but to put up with the oppressor.

            Peace!

          • Hope

            Selamat Ustaz AOsman,aka,O S Sabbe’,Jr!
            Thanks for the feedback.
            You know that, without bias and prejudice, I trust and count on you and Mahmuday among other Forumers here(The Salihs are taken for granted).
            Let me make few clarifications and a disclaimer:
            -Irrespective of and despite of few differences, my position and stand are closer to that of Mahmuday and to that of Prof Dr Salih A A Youins(minus some differences on and about the Sanction, the SEMG and COIE Reports).
            -I made very strong statements criticizing the PFDJ,at times, unnecessarily but based on my first hand info and experience and therefore, it is not essential to duplicate what I said before so as to appease people.
            -Defending Eritrea and arguing in the name of Eritrea as a Nation should not be considered as supporting the PFDJ but supporting Eritrea and the Eritreans making the sacrifice for what Eritrea, apparently has achieved.
            -Acknowledging,and even appreciating what the PFDJ apparently “has achieved” cannot and should not be considered as a curse. It is a RIGHT and entitlement to an Opinion as well!
            BUT,let me repeat again as to why I “Broke up” with the PFDJ and have had an animosity with the same junta:
            1) For sealing off the EPLF Charter of 1994 Congress.
            2)For keeping HOSTAGE and finally killing the Constitution along with its huge collateral damages(kidnapping, killing, arresting, etc ..innocent people on the basis of suspicion and fear of threat).
            3)For destroying the Private Sector of the Economy and that of Private Education System.
            I took the following issues PERSONAL seriously :
            1)The cancellation of the Anseba River Dam Project and diverting the millions of USD donated by the Arab Banks in 1990s for that and related Projects in Anseba Region.
            Justification:
            “technical problems of building the Dam in Anseba River and also to use that money for more urgent Projects”.
            This excuse reminded me the same kind of excuse made by few Elite Catholic Clergy of Highland Eritrean,with out going into details,who forced the then Catholic Bishop of Eritrea to cancel the same Multi-million Dollar Anseba River Dam Project by claiming that ,that amount of money should NOT be allocated to Keren only!
            It is the same shxxt story and that is why I said that I should have been the Author of the ELL Document and the Eritrean Majlis…
            That has left the Keren City and its Residents to have a chronic water shortage-the Second Eritrean City!
            2)The cancellation of a Project for complete renovation of the Keren Hospital by a Norwegian City when Mr Tesfay Tekhle(the former mentor of PIA??) was the Mayor of Keren/Governor of Anseba Region,a man ,who apparently succeeded in getting that Project Fund and Sponsorship with the help of few Eritrean Norwegians(Kerenites).
            3)The sabotage of the Development Projects (Socio-Economico-Educational Projetcs) of the Eritrean Catholic Church/Eparchy of Keren in Anseba region all the way to Karora–for more than 300,000 needy Eritreans irrespective of their religion and other backgrounds)by the same Junta and its Security Apparatus.This includes:
            a) the dragging of the building of the St Michael Cathedral/Church of Keren,said to be the SECOND Largest Cathedral in the world after that of the Ivory Coast,W Africa)…
            ..
            b)The cancellation of building the BEST Eritrean Catholic University in Africa in 1990s through the help of the European catholic caritas through the De LaSalle Christian Brothers.
            This project was moved to Ethiopia and the same caritus built a Great University in S Ethiopian and now building the best University in Africa,a World Class University ,in fact,called St Thomas Aquinas University in the heart of Addis Abeba!!!!
            etc…
            Do not forget that there are tons of projects the PFDJ did not want to be materialized for some reason…
            Strangulating Asmarinos and not allowing the renovation of Asmera City,–water and electricity shortage,etc—-
            On a Personal Level:
            I mistakingly reported this and had some exchange of few words with Haile TG about this experience. But I will say it here again.
            when I visted Eritrea in 2006,i took a sick friend ot the keren Hospital and I found to be the dirtiest and the nastiest environment in the world.
            No hygiene and no basic labs…etc….
            After I saw hundreds of people at around 2-3 AM lying in front of the hospital, I asked my friend: “What the heck is this line about?
            He said: “People,waiting for the AM Clinic(Worefa-mesrie’)!
            The next Morning I took a private taxi and went to the Min of Health and suggested a Mini-Project as a Model for a Primary Care to minimize such kind of Medical Problems and I told him that I will volunteer to start with a Mini-0Comprehensive Primary Care Clinic in Keren and extend them to Hagaz–Aderde,Nacfa,Ashera,Jengheren,ect—then up to the underserved Highland Eritrea,,,,,
            He was ” excited” and said.Go for it” ..but he gave me a precondition that I have to show him a proof for my 2 % payment since 1993(since its declaration) but fortunately, I was up-to-date until then and showed him the copy.
            He told me to come back next wk and I showed up but then told me that:”the GoE can handle this and do not have to worry about it”.
            Mind you that I promised him with an initial minimum budget* of xxxxxxx amount of USD that can handle a great Clinic in Keren equipped with Basic Lab and Radiology Departments–that can handle up to 200 patients a day–Kids,Moms(MCH(Mother and Child Helath) Clinic,Adults(Pediatrics, Internal Medicine,out-Patient OB-Gyn and Surgery,etc…).
            *Budget:
            Please,do not read me wrong that I do not mean that I am a Millionaire and could have afforded this and that but did have a back up,thanks to the NGOs and other Humanitarian Org in the USA.
            Plus,based on my basic background in Public Health and Preventive Medicine with some experience in Ethiopia,and some other parts of Africa and Latin America,it was not and it will not be difficult to start and run such basic projects….
            etc—I could have talked more….
            My point Dear Ustaz:
            There is NO rationale and moral ground for me to sympathize with and support such a kind of “Government”!

          • A.Osman

            Dear Hope,

            That was a good lesson, thank you for the response (btw is it true that Keren was under some kind of punishment by DIA – what did you guys do to deserve that)

            You know I did not put you in the HGDFite box, as I see you are trying to be balanced. But you do give an abundant “benefit of doubt” to the mafia hoping something good to come out, while you should know better than most of us here.

            After the detail you have listed, what would be your guess with the last adventure of forcing people to hand over their money and not allowing them to withdraw the little of it that they need to keep life moving?

            Regards
            AOsman

          • Hope

            Selam AOsman: Just for the sake of answering your questions:
            A)Kerenites VS EPRP Leadership:
            It is a long story but a crystal clear animosity as Kerenites were the backbone of the ELF.
            -Kerenites were theMOST of the ones(not all) ,who challenged the EPLF-TPLF Joint Operation against the ELF as Tesfay Tekhle and his Deki Keren Fighters halted the advancing EPLF_TPLF Fighters in Sahel Mountains and Halhal Front and finally at the Eri-Sudanese Border…
            B)Current Nacfa Currecny Issue:
            There are two possible answers in my opinion:
            1-Positive aspect:
            -to control the cash flow thereby to control the Market and to minimize the cost of basic needs/goods
            2-Negative aspect(speculation):
            As a revenge and as a retaliation as usual to humiliate Eritreans–Ni’eket hizbi Ertra…to .show his power and control..(review Dr Andeberhan’s Book).
            The BIG picture though:
            Since the EPRP/PFDJ got it out of control the corruption it created, it has to control the Corruption as the Nacfa has been depleted by being circulated out of the Banks, specially in the Sudan and Eri-Sudan Border,as the smart SAAY excellently observed.
            We are talking about billions of nacfa stored in barrels and Kishatat in the Sudan and Tessenei by the corrupted merchants including the Segrettos ,Bars,Prostitutes,Corrupted Officers and Gangs,Human Traffickers and Organ Harvesters included.
            It is a serious and devastating case scenario if what an insider told us is correct and true!
            There fore, irrespective of who the CULPRIT is,for the sake of National Interest of Eritrea, I personally support the action take by the GoE,
            Wether it will work positively or not,,it is another matter…But something should have been done way earlier.
            All the hiccups are temporary and hope the action to work for a better outcome.
            NOT getting 10K Nacfa for now is NOT going to kill people.
            My ” Abundant benefit of doubt” emanates from the above argument point of view.

          • tes

            Dear Hope,

            Ok good confession. At least not bad. But your problem still exists. We will see an honest Hope who stands for justice.

            I wish you had said something about Afar people who are forced to leave their ancestoral land, I hope yo mentioned Kunama and discussed about their suffering under PFDJ administration. I wish you had mentioned our Moslem scholars who vanished from the heart of Keren, Hamelmalo, Jengeren, Halhal, Habero, Asmat, Kerkebet. I wish you mentioned the suffering of the highland settlers suffering. I wish, I wish , I wish….

            Hopefully to read more of your confessions sooner.

            Remember the end of PFDJ is coming and those who enabled are this way or that way guilty unless they proof they are sane through confession.

            tes

  • V.F.

    Hi all,

    Question to the house:

    As we all know, the PFDJ land is undergoing a morbid fear of the ‘impostor’ (as many has been calling him here but I would have preferred to label him the ‘anti people’ or tsere hizbi) being charged of crimes against humanity by the Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in Eritrea. That has sent chills through the bones of every PFDJista including their devilish leader.

    They have been working restlessly to discredit the Special Rapporteur Ms. Sheila B. Keetharuth of Mauritius and the Commission itself. The tactics and actions of PFDJ have been published widely in all Eritrean websites. They include all the dirty techniques in the textbooks, which including forcing people to sign petitions affirming that they are economic migrants, discrediting the Rapporteur as being impartial, inviting journalists saying ‘come see for yourself…’ and many others.

    The question is what are we in the opposition camp doing to quash this movement? Is simply publicizing these false and coercive tactics by PFDJ enough or should we have a petition of our own or something to that effect? Like telling our families and friends to not sign these PFDJ letters and petitions? If found guilty of crimes against humanity, IA will not last a day. He will hang himself because the worst place to be in the world for him is the courtroom. We can’t let them off the hook now.

    • Music Novice

      Greetings V.F.,

      I am not saying that Eritrea is heaven on earth and that there is no oppression there, so do not misunderstand me.

      My observation is that there are countries as oppressive or more oppressive than Eritrea. The countries that come to mind are North Korea, China, Cuba (the darling of the loony leftists), Iran, Saudi Arabia (the two countries run by religious loonies). Except in the case of North Korea, there is no UN Human Rights Commission set up to investigate abuses.

      Imagine, …Imagine a Commission set up to investigate China or Saudi Arabia. No one will dare to do so because of their economic muscle on the World scene one way or another.

      Latest news is that the rogue regime in Iran got sanctions lifted last Saturday.

      I think, if the Eritrean regime concentrates on solving the economic worries of its people and regulating the duration of the National Service, it may be able to deflect the attention of the powers that be on the international stage.

      • Berhe Y

        Dear MN,

        I personally do not see the benefit of arguing if there are other countries who are more oppressive that Eritrea. I don’t see the benefit for us Eritreans, and there is no reason in justifying the current state of our people. There is nothing for the GOE, be it ideology, be it politics, be it religion issues that the Eritrean government go to the extent of oppressing own people.

        If I compare, I think may be N. Korea is the only country that’s worst than Eritrea. And the reason they get away with their oppression is because they have the support of China (because of it’s own interest) and the nuclear arms that they posses.

        Just ask your self, what’s Eritrea have, that the government goes to that extent to oppress the people. I think using all possible peaceful way of removing the government and putting pressure, I think is legitimate and it’s the best and safe approach.

        No matter how many people who will have armed and what to remove the government by force, the actions that will take by COI if it comes to investigate the crimes will have a lasting and chilling effect to the regime.

        If this forces the regime to change it’s behavior and change the conditions of it’s people, I think that’s good but you know as well as anyone else, that IA will NOT change until he is pressured to do so.

        A good example is what happened to the military junta in Berma…yes political pressure does work and at times it may be the best option.

        Berhe

        • Music Novice

          Greetings Berhe Y.,

          Clearly, all of the countries I listed are more oppressive than Eritrea. But all of them have meaningful economy that does not merely rely on remittances from citizens living abroad. Furthermore, North Korea and China have military might, Saudi Arabia greases the pockets of its Western friends, and Iran also has its oil and intimidates with its terror networks.

          The whole point of my argument is that improving economic conditions and relaxing some of its unnecessarily stringent rules on National Service by the Eritrean regime will help stem the flow of refugees and this will in turn shift the focus of the UN away from itself. This is a doable and practical suggestion and not a pie in the sky scheme.

          • Berhe Y

            Dear MN,

            Normally I would let it go, but I can’t help it.

            You said:
            Clearly, all of the countries I listed are more oppressive than Eritrea.

            Can you please elaborate how are those countries, Cuba, Saudi Arabia and Iran more oppressive than Eritrea to their own citizens?

            Berhe

          • Music Novice

            Greetings Berhe Y,

            If you do not know already, Cuba, Saudi Arabia and Iran prolific killer regimes. Cuba does it by firing squad while Saudi Arabia and Iran do it by beheading or hanging.

            In Cuba, the only legal Party is the Communist Party and any other movement is considered as treason. The Saudi Arabian and Iranian regimes’ barbarism will put medieval Europe to shame. Women in both countries are treated as second class citizens. There is no freedom of worship other than the State approved one.

            Here is the Global death penalty statistics link from the Guardian Newspaper:

            http://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2011/mar/29/death-penalty-countries-world

          • Berhe Y

            Dear MN,

            I am glad that you didn’t pick a single African country that’s doing worst than Eritrea, even if you haven’t said it, it’s a telling how low our country is compared to it’s equals.

            I am by no means in favor of capital punishment, but I am convinced justice in those countries fairs better than that of the PFDJ Eritrea.

            At the end of the day, my rational is simple. We are put in this world for a finite amount of times. And if our freedoms and aspirations is taken away by a thug, then there is no meaning that we can all it living.

            You see, if I was in the shoes of Haile DurE for example, a guy who spend his entire life, from high school all the way until Eritreans indendence struggling for freedom and justice and now by a thug dictator put to jail, suffering from diabets and he lost his sight, never seen the day of light for 15 years….What would you say better for Haile. To have the chance to face his charges, to have a chance to defend him self and if all fails to put to rest with a quick death, call it firing squad,

          • Music Novice

            Greeting Berhe Y.,

            Did I answer your question on Cuba, Saudi Arabia and Iran?

            I will not insist on a ‘free’ trail in a court, but I am in favour of quietly releasing the G15 people. Realpolitik is a better approach than a destructive confrontation.

          • Berhe Y

            Dear MN,

            No you didn’t answer. There is no way I agree that, the women in S. Arabia that that you call “oppressed”, that roam the streets of Paris and London are worst off that the Eritrean women, raped, punished and dying in the deserts of Sahara and the Mediterranean Sea.

            I do not agree with you the Iranian people who dominate every Engineering and Science University in the western world are treated bad compared to Eritreans who are escaping for their lives.

            I do not agree the people of Cuba, which their Health care and Education system which even pass that of the US are worst of that the Eritreans who are fed to the sharks.

            No sir, you have not answered it. The only reason I may think NK is worst than Eritrea, because the Eritrean regime has not reached as yet, but that certainly where he is being going.

            MN,

            I think based on what you wrote in the past, like your criticism of the G-15 letter etc..I think you are of the opinion to appease the monster dictator. But history is any indication, I think the monster is really a coward “Haseka dembe ab zilemlemelu” and he seems to beat Eritrean relentlessly if he is not stopped or confronted. So I think because of the CoI and the sanctions, he is trying (at least to fool the world body) that he is changing but nothing real will come out of him. I think the harder we push the better the outcome will be, he is a coward.

            Berhe

          • Music Novice

            Greetings Berhe Y,

            In the first instance, Iran is not a superpower in Science and Technology, it is way … way down the ladder. So far only one Iranian Fields Medal winner out of a population of around 80 million, by someone who works in the US. Where is Iran’s originality?

            Furthermore, even if Iran is as you claimed in your fantasy, it cannot whitewash the brutal actions of the barbaric regime.

            If you also think the Saudi elite strutting around in Europe as proof of freedom, then I am afraid, we have different concepts of freedom. Saudi elite swaggering in Europe is only proof income. If Eritrea had oil wealth as lazy Saudi Arabia, no one would have ran away and no UN body would have dared to investigate,

            As to Cuba, what you are repeating is nothing but loony leftist propaganda.

          • Peace!

            Selam MN,

            Not that there are no oppressive governments than the Eritrean, but it is unfortunate that foreign policy is much bigger than human right.

            peace!

          • Music Novice

            Greetings Peace!,

            Foreign Policy, economic and political importance or military might are the deciders.

        • Semere Andom

          Hi BY;
          I am not rebutting you, I am just telling what I told you:-)

          Such is the logic of both the hard-core and soft core PFDJ like MN, if u tell them there is hunger in Eri, they tell you there is more starvation in Ethiopia and if you talk about oppression, they point to a more sever elsewhere. But that is not the point. PFDJ can only be compared to NK and political pressure does not work on both.

          Eritrea’s story does not have to end where it is now, there were better options even without freedom and we would be better off, way better off.

          Lots of work need to be done after PFDJ is gone. To repair and to first bring back the nation to where it was just before independence, way better than it is now. The handful criminals at the top must be held accountable and taken to court and their tentacles weeded out. There is a network system and alliance of kidnappers, killers and tortures in Eritrea and their enablers. Eritrea is not safe and will not be safe, like a landmine so these groups must be systematically removed. MN is telling us focusing on the economics will solve the problem is just so false, no country has done that successfully and durably, because without the political equality the economic equality can never be accomplished, and the simmering marginalization and grievances will explode with slightest crack, like it did in Libya, Tunisia and Syria. Geopolitics and demographics and prevailing local issues may not allow the demands to succeed like it did in Syria but the nation can never be stable again unless genuine changes occur. Libya and Syria will be there for the rest of our life time, rife with conflict and sectarian division, mayhem and death. These is the legacy of the dictators and not the fault of the oppressed. Eritrea’s future is gloomy, no EU money, no salary increase no gimmicks or sally in PFDJ’s dark alley will save it. Genuine grass root movement that addresses the painful would that PFDJ inflicted will only be our savor

          • Music Novice

            Greetings Semere A.,

            You failed to grasp the point I am making.

            I am not saying ‘A’ does ‘X’, so it is fine if ‘B’ does ‘X’ too. This will be a logical fallacy.

            What I have done is point out how certain harsh regimes are selected for their gross Human Rights abuse, while some others’ offences are ignored based on their economic, political or military importance.

            And I also pointed out certain things the Eritrean regime could do both to improve the welfare of its people and avoid the spotlight for its Human Rights conduct.

      • Hope

        Hey MN:
        I second you on this straight forward bitter truthful comment!
        You clarified to the forum my years of ” Incoherence” about my stand on ERITREAN Politics and on the GoE!
        Yes indeed,there are criminal States and Leaders way worse than that of Eritrea and her Leadership without any ground or provocation!
        Say it please in MN’s words what I am trying to say!
        Eritrea and the GoE and the people of Eritrea by default, have gone through hell,not just through Isolation,Containment,Sabotage,Sanctions and daily threats but demonized as the worst Country!
        We know why but some of us ” do not care” about Eritrea as it is ruled by the PFDJ!
        Please visit the Enda Siwa website xxxx and enjoy the Article by a certain John!
        He summarized in detail what you said in few statements !
        The Article makes lots of sense even though a bit biased and one sided !

        • Music Novice

          Greetings Hope,

          Let me say that, when a push comes to a shove we are in the same trench.

      • Nitricc

        Hi MN; to add to your point, there are many factors why Eritrea is attacked with no marcy. the root cause of the friction between Eritrea and the West begun when Eritrea demanded that she writes her own program with every Aid, loans and assistance packages that comes to Eritrea and there was a dagger with it, all Aids must be in cash. this kind of demand sent shocks among the westerners and the US it self. No African country has the balls to demand it writes its own program; from that time, the whites were out to get Eritrea. sure, they are going to give you this bull-crap covers such as the national military service; human rights and the dictatorship story. true, Eritrean government’s rigidity did help but as soon as Eritrea refused to bend to the west and the US; Eritrea will never deflect any of the attacks that will continue to come to Eritrea. if the so called westerners and the US are for democracy and human rights; look no further other than the west’s best friend, Ethiopia. the Ethiopian government killing the Oromo mercilessly and no one is saying anything.
        so, my friend, unless Eritrea is bending like all the other african countries; the attack is on!

        • Music Novice

          Greetings Nitricc,

          It is true that the Eritrean government had also stepped on the toes of ‘The Lords of Poverty’.

          There is a book by Graham Hancock, who used to be a correspondent for ‘The Economist’, with the title: ‘The Lords of Poverty: The Power, Prestige, and Corruption of the International Aid Business.’

    • Berhe Y

      Dear V.F.

      I think your call would have been helpful but the deadline for the CoI to receive written submission has ended on Jan 15, 2016. Personally the best the PFDJ supporters they can hope for is to stop/intimidate people from coming forward to submit. But no matter how much, I support my government letters they receive, I think it will go directly to the garbage bins.

      The reason being, and I don’t know why the PFDJ do NOT get this, the COI do not have a mandate to investigate how many people support the PFDJ government. The mandate is, they are investigating if the PFDJ government have committed crime against humanity on the Eritrean people. Even if 1 million people show written support of the regime, NO body, even ONE person testimony of those who support the regime have a factual evidence negate that, crimes have NOT occurred. Because they can NOT prove or be witness that, the G15, the journalists, the Jehovah witness, and many prisoners in WiA, Adi Abeyto etc have not been abused and in some cases, extra judicial execution / killing do NOT happen.

      I think the PFDJ were given some room to breath and the UN have given them a chance to redeem them selves, like stop/ comply the national service, release some prisoners, allow the UN visit etc..but none of that will happen. But instead, they are going on the campaign to show the world “kenerEyom ena” that the entire Eritrean people support and are behind “our president”, as if the world cares. They will cry our boarder is not demarcated, Ethiopia is refusing, the rule of law etc..etc…but what this has got to do in how you abuse, torture, imprison and kill your own people?

      So I think the commission got it’s work cut out for it. In the next report, due June 2016 it will table the next step in the process, from investigation to accusation (which the PFDJ will also go on a futile campaign of denial) and that will follow with the charges….

      I think all of us who oppose this regime, we should prepare for the possibilities and if we remain fully engaged in the process would come a long way.

      Berhe

    • Nitricc

      Hi VF; You said;
      “The question is what are we in the opposition camp doing to quash this movement?
      Let me answer your question; do what you do best, pray in your worthless church. You see that was easy. But to the rest of your garbage; well I advice you to take it
      Easyyyyyyyyyy. Now, how is it you are a member of an opposition? What are you doing to fight the government of Eritrea? Aren’t you busy to get by your slave day to day life in here in the USA? Do me a fever; mind your own shackles and then you can think worrying about others.
      The greatest puzzle of my life is; how do you free a happy slave?

  • Nitricc

    hey Ted, this for you. Semere and the rest of riffraff, listen at your own risk. my country and people are finally they are turning to around. this song is very fitting to the stage we are entering. Mother land, you did it. i am proud of you. Ajoki Erey.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GP_sZ2SA2GE

    • Ted

      It good patriotic song.Thanks Nitricc.

  • T..T.

    Hi all,

    Holding Eritrean passport is being identified as high maintenance and it is said not worth it.

    Here’re supporting evidences how the Arab Gulf countries are allowing Isayas to suck money like a parasite from Eritreans there forcing them to pay the following besides passport renewal fee of USD 250 a year:

    1-2% from income as tax.

    2- minimum USD 350.00 per annum for obligatory assistance to the family of martyrs.

    3- From USD 150.00 upwards per annum for many different development (presumably false) projects. There is no auditing nor transparency.

    (Source: a letter sent to Assenna-com by an Eritrean who was forced to fill and sign a form against UN’s COI).

    • AOsman

      Dear T.T,

      Kokhob Selam is the house expert on this issue, he may have dumped the passport by now as he has been speaking of freedom recently (roaming somewhere is Barhdar I guess). On top of your list is you are at their merci as refusal to renew would put you at risk of deportation. The only way out is to get Sudanese, Ethiopian passport or if possible or to leave the country – many have not alternative but to comply to the blackmail. The burden is on top of the payment dues to the sponsor to keep residency,

      Regards
      AOsman

      • T..T.

        Dear AOsman,

        Nitricc in response to Semere Andom said “if the Saoudi can pay the price of 11 billion investing and a billion dollar cash depositing in Sudan central bank to convince Sudan to Join the Saoudi alliance”

        So Nitricc gave us a blank to be filled…..how much Eritrea of Isayas is going get for joining the Saudi alliance????

        In a country where there is no transparent freedom and where power is abused it is considered as a weakness to be exploited by foreign countries. The Eritrean who sent the letter to Assenna-com stated that there was no transparency in the system’s collection of dues from the Eritreans in Saudi Arabia. From what the letter writer stated we can conclude that the culture of no transparency in Eritrea of Isayas, the regime has engineered how to keep the people in the dark about the monies the regime is making from businesses outside the country.

        Filling (Nitricc’s) blank: The funds that would have been funneled into Eritrea for allying with the Saudis should have been stated expressly and clearly as it was the case with the Sudanese government. But instead, it appears the Saudis have demanded on Isayas compliance with their conditions of “do as told,” otherwise Saudi Arabia will not be in breach of the UN’s COI demands to stop the 2% illegal payments by the Eritreans in Saudi Arabia including the other payments (USD350+USD250+USD150).

        During the same period of entering into alliance, we saw how the Sudanese rejected domination for money. The Sudanese insisted on clear commitment for clearly stated funds. And, in line with their openness and transparency the monies that were received were disclosed clearly announcing how much here and there.

        • AOsman

          Dear T.T,

          Your eye is on the right target, when Yemen stood with Sadam during the Iraq war nearly all Yemenis were asked to pack and leave. If DIA stood with Iran and the Houthis, no doubt it would have had a negative effect on his purse. Instead he chose to keep his cow* to milk and took the offer of camel* milk too.
          (*Just saying hello to Ted and Abi)

          Regards
          AOsman

  • Solomon Haile

    Ahh Whats up Doc? meanining Selamat!

    It was and is a viscosity issue for yours truly, This current viscosity of global oil dragged, in the opposite direction mind you, my brain almost to a halt when I attempted to find at least one YES a mere one point of intersection to countless crafting of a mind-melt and mind-freeze applications you put forth towards your zombies. Yes, I agree we are all zombies of some sort stumbling and fumbling from one thing to another and other. I searched and combed for weeks my hairless scalp of the dandruff you sprinkled though you have disguised it as new years glitter and noise. I almost fell for it and figured I make louder noise and increase the volume of our collective “TEHAMBELE”,
    NOT! Then it dawned on me, thanks to left over gingerbread munchies post my visit to gran dad Kushlandia landing.
    I am better off betting on El Chappo escaping once again from his own prisons for the fourth time. So what is in store with the interest to day compounded for the next quarter? Well I have a suggestion. Silver plated highest valued metal since we are at Twenty-Five. How about the language Farsi having an advantage over Arabic with regards to a full “GereWgna” dropping in value to under Thirty?

    The energy crisis at twenty nine dollars per barrel YES a full barrel should be additional cause for celebration. The Saudis will practically give it away as if it was water in the dessert theses days. Let us declare now all the streets and wells of Eritrea shall be illuminated bright all day and all night long hence forth and up to the Silver Jubilee.
    Ahhh think I need maple syrup for my “hanza” now.

    tSAtSE

  • Semere Andom

    Hi All:

    All the discussion regarding why PFDJ group did not do this or that regarding the currency change is irrelevant, because these discussions assume that PFDJ is a government. If PFDJ was one is a real government then we can address it policies, its shortcomings and the good things it is doing. PFDJ is like a shifta totting gun and running a village and any monkey can do that if he has a gun.

    So criticizing the currency change, and the economic policies of PFDJ is really irrelevant to the plight of the Eritrean people because if it is not the currency it would be any scatter shot decision that springs from the minds of the lunatics that are heading the mafia called PFDJ.

    For the people like nItricc and dawit and Ted to be enamored by the artificial increase in the stipend is normal, for them this is a turning point, but there is no turning point in governance, the turning point is the accumalion of many singular moment towards the action and the turning point for Eritrea to good governance under PFDJ cannot happen because PFDJ has never made any singular turning point to effect the so called turning point or turning corner. Never!

    If this is turning the corner, it maybe for the worse because PFDJ has made many singular turning points for the worst to come in Eritrea

    • Ted

      Hi Semere Andom. Your gloomy attitude towards the poor “slave” service people getting extra money seem to be, as usual, thinking the Gov is doing something people might like. The glass is half full in Eritrea, get used to it. This extra 2000N is nothing to brag about for the Gov and most importantly it is not that a big influx to cause any financial instability as your kind wishes. Eritrean economy has been craving for wider and bigger money circulation for far too long that this “raise’ is a drop in a bucket. Eritrea can handle far more money in its circulation than this. When the western counties have a down turn, they create jobs by spending on infrastructure and the likes to inject money to a community. Whereas in Eritrea, we have jobs and workers except they are not payed enough to move the economy and encourage service providers to participate. This “raise” although not “manna” as some describe it also it is nothing to sneeze at. This raise, for what it worth, allows the money to be dispersed to all areas of the country allowing all to benefit . The farmer in Afabet will have a teacher to buy his lettuce and onions, the street tea vendore in Adi Hawesha does have ‘slaves” to buy her tea. It does not make up for lack of justice or make people stay put in their land but it is a positive thing nonetheless.
      Do you still believe Ethiopia come to our rescue? Learn to cut your loses and leave your Meqele office with whatever dignity left of you.
      PS Gheteb’s disclaimer about his ignorance about economy also applies here.
      Hi there Gheteb ,welcome back..

      • Nitricc

        Hi Ted; I don’t think you have to be economic guru to understand the benefit of the salary increase that could change the life standard of the average person. if the commodity went up and the salary increased then, it is a wash but when the salary quadruples and the commodity decreases; i can see a tremendous improvement of life standard and quality of life in general. of course the likes of Semere are not going to be happy. their main interest is not about the well being of the people rather they are obsessed with PIA’s demise. Nothing PIA can do will satisfy them. they are Weyne cheer leaders and fault finders. for me, if the Saoudi can pay the price of 11 billion investing and a billion dollar cash depositing in Sudan central bank to convince Sudan to Join the Saoudi alliance, what must have costed them to convince Eritrea to join them? lol, this puzzles caused the likes of Semere to madness. Personally; I am convinced that Eritrea has turned the corner for good. from what I see, there are big projects soon to kick of in Eritrea that will change the whole enchilada. I am guessing it will start with the Port of Assab.

      • Dis Donc

        Dear Ted,

        Sorry to cut-in but you are mixing two things here. When free market economies want to circulate more money into their economy then they lower the interest rate (Notes, Bonds, and CDs). When they have fear about market meltdown then they want to slow down the economy. They do this by increasing interest rate. The infrastructure thing that mention has nothing to do with money circulation but has a lot to do about labor market. These econometrics are known as Micro and Macro economics.

        Thus, the question still remains unanswered; for both you and Nitric. Where does the money come from? Borrowed? Financed by somebody? EU, SKA? In any case, shouldn’t the governing party be consulting the people about the source of the money? What about sustainability? The grand question discussion here is that of the future of Eritrea and should not be taken lightly.

        • Ted

          Hi DD, i agree, where the money is coming ? That being said,knowing PFDJ controls every aspect of business and resource in the country, it wont be hard to imagine PFDJ can have some capital to pay for public servants. If they can afford to do it, it is a good thing. Why they didn’t do it before is what bothers me and i don’t see they deserve a praise for doing it now.
          Infrastructure funding( mostly borrowed) in a slow economy is mostly not about creating new jobs but sustaining the work force that the unemployed earn money temporarily until the production/service economy picks up thus the limited fund /money help keep the money exchange going. The problem in Eritrea case is the money they spend on public servant have no return for the gov nor it is temporary. Can they keep it up is the real question.

          • Dis Donc

            Dear Ted,
            Here is the thing, though; remember 9th grade physics that says energy is neither created nor destroyed? It can only change form. The same is true about money. The sum of all these increments add up to be a lot. Where is this money coming from? From a bank somewhere? Given the world financial industry as it is this is a big no! So, even if PFDJ controls everything and has a lot of money stashed somewhere, in an obscure place, then there is a question of what it is worth. How is that stashed money equates to universal currencies? Just out of the blue, this can’t happen!!!

          • Ted

            Hi DD, What are you saying, Are they printing money. That will be the dumbest thing they will ever do. My guess is they are counting on clamping on remittance for hard currency and some resource income. Either Way, i like it to be genuine and with good intention for the people.

      • Tewelde gebremariam

        Hi Ted,

        Unless you are extremely credulous, the so called salary increases and other gimmicks the impostor is posting on his propaganda websites are all con artistries as usual designed in vain to deceive the people, at home and abroad, into aligning them against the COI. Of course , it is all futility. Eritreans of all ages, religion, ethnicity etc.are awakened to his identity and his evil motive. They will not rest until they put him behind bars

        How many times did this impostor isaias afewerk sponsored fraudulent investment conferences in Asmera? Quite a number of times,isn’t? Did you see any result on the ground? Quite the opposit; the electric light went out, the water supply dried up, the backbone of the country, the youth, herded to Concentration Camps etc.

        How long has the impostor been sloganeering Wet N’hafash? Probably throughout most of his adult life. But has he lived up to his words? Absolutely not, quite the contrary. He abolished the ratified constitution, the Peoples’ Baito, thrown the senior EPLF officials into his underground dungeons, demolished the peoples’ , disintegrated their social fabric, plundered their natural resources etc. the list of his crime is inexhaustible……….

        He is unscrupulous liar unworthy to be a leader of any kind. For example, in 2011, in New New York, he told naive Eritrean crowds who came to welcome him, that there would be a national election and that it was delayed because of alleged woyane invasion. Soon after he left, without any shame and scruple, not only did he negate his words but also said that the constitution was long dead. Besides he was also lying when he alleged woyane invasion because he had already admitted as the aggressor and signed to pay war reparation to woyane per the Ethiopian Eritreans Claim Commission decision…………

        • Ted

          Hi, Tewelde. you are right the news is not confirmed to be true. We all are getting ahead of ourselves before we know for sure. LET’S WAIT AND SEE..

  • KeihKsad

    This artificially created scarcity of money before too long will result in the Eritrean people finding a simple mechanism of exchange to conduct commerce: Bartering. Slowly the new Nakfa will be irrelevant as people who have access to foreign currency will use the dollar, euro, birr, yen and other currencies as their preferred method of exchange under the table cutting the central bank out of the game; and those who don’t have other currencies will use simple bartering. The mad dictator as usual will come with his old tricks out of his sleeve such as declaring those who use foreign currency and/or bartering are breaking his phantom laws “bHghi KTyeku eyom”. Suddenly he will pretend as if the country has laws and he is a law abiding individual. He will announce that those who are found bartering as he said in the past when he declared bringing cereal/taff and the likes to the cities was illegal by none other than Nsu. He boldly declared “selling cereal “Ekli” is against the “law” in one of his drunken stupor, he said “we know the tricks people play as they try to bring
    ekli to the cities as dough or ‘beHuK” to circumvent my laws.” The point is when one avenue is shut another opens…that includes ultimately the replacement of the decadent PFDJ mafia oppressors.. he and his ilk are just digging their
    ultimate burial grave by hastening their demise. The people all they need to do is shove him and his henchmen into the hole they are digging for good. Eritrea is becoming another Kampuchia and when these evil folks are near their end they will take a lot of people with them just like the Pol Pot and the Khemer Rouge

    • Solomon Haile

      Hey Redneck,

      Ya’ll recon ya’ll elect that son of a bit Chump Trump into office ey? See hear herr, you almost made me swaliw ma wakkii tabaci. Dat Yankee son of bee will be busy rewinding eight years looking at his image of the year long thought that he shoulda been wid dem gorgeous galls from in the Philippines and Escobars Chappo in Colombia.

      Dis here is Nig.. shiat don’t you recon?

      Ma grand daddy Kush is calling on me in Mississippi. I will have to pardon your company now ya’ll heer?

      tSAtSE

      • Dis Donc

        Dear Lord Solomon,
        we know that you live in the west and we also know that you have a cable. That way you can imitate and make us jealous as we are poor and live in Eritrea. While you watch your cable, drink budweiser and eat chicken wings, we drink siwa and starve to death worrying about where our next meal comes from. There! You happy, now?

        • Solomon Haile

          Dear Dis Donc,

          You have made my day! Thank you. Knowledge is power. And you have informed me that you are empowered, albeit very little, by the knowledge you have shared with me. As I am now craving BlueBerry pancakes with Aunt Jemaima syrup, (blame it on my GrandMamma Ms. Kushlandia for foregoing Dnshh Karneshim for Hanza srrnay) I beg your pardon as I will take leave of you for my first meal of fifteen Today. nQedem belllll!!

          Have a fulfilling day.

          tSAtSE

  • kazanchis

    It is depressing to read how these group of people are taking every aspect of Eritrea into the deep. Eritrea should have been up there with few of Africa’s promising countries and ideal investment destination. FFS!

  • Mahmud Saleh

    Hello Awatistas
    As often this type of issues enjoy a varying degrees of attention. I don’t expect affected individuals and groups to agree on the stakes of the rumored increase in salary, the issuance of the new money and what have you. The forum discussed likely reasons for the sudden announcement of issuance of the new currency, and most awatista concluded that the crux of the news was wrapped in the secretive way it was handled. Countries change money for various reasons, and this would not be the exception when it comes to Eritrea. But changing money is a public project, it is official and open, people get education and relatively adequate time in order to avoid shocking the economic pulse, and protect vulnerable members of the society from greedy and criminal predators. This is good for the consumer and the business community.
    Apparently, in the Eritrean case, the change aimed at disarming a previously targeted and identified “sector”, which could be suspected to be any “private/underground” economic networks. I remember, most awatistas also concluded that at the end, the government had let the black market to flourish , because of its “scratch my back, so I can scratch yours” policy, to an extent where the underground network has grown out of control effectively halting the economy, and in the process producing rival “powerful” individuals and connected gangs that threaten the power of the regime. We concluded that:
    a. it was done for simple political calculation, an attempt to regain unrivalled control.
    b. The mass in general has nothing to gain/lose, but could be hurt in the process unless the government knows what it is doing and follows it with strings of economic measures to stabilize the market.
    c. The primary challenge in today’s Eritrea is the lack of intuitionalism, and unless this is dealt with, the problem will repeat itself.
    Now, let me see how I see the increase of salary within the above intro- I remind you again, I’m not an expert in the matter, just an opinion of an average person (I wish Dr.Tesfai Mehari visited us and gave us more of his expertise; he was here at that time and started a thread (if that was him).
    – For the mass consumer, for the people in public service (army and civilian), this is indeed good news. They DESERVE it; they deserved it a decade ago; it is their sweat and blood……
    -For the elites who have their lives in order, who have the means and know where to get their next meal…who have the means and know where to send their sick kids and parents the next time they need to do so….they have the luxury of looking beyond the increase of salary.
    * They may chime on why it took for the government to increase the salary for so long; that had the government ruled Eritrea in a better way, this increase would have come incrementally, naturally…as the result of a vibrant economy, there would have been a stable political environment which would have served economic activities as a rock-solid foundation…propelling social, political and economic enterprising… resulting in a naturally growing and enduring economy…..We can talk beyond salary, yes, we have the luxury. But ask the teacher, the soldier, the doctor…the engineer…who are doing everything possible in order to better the lives of their families….they will tell you they are happy, cognizant that the constraining challenges of Eritrea also need to be dealt with in order for this event to have a lasting impact on their lives and the lives of their children.
    Both groups (the group benefiting immediately from the increase of the salary, and the grouop who want to ponder beyond the increase- who have the luxury of looking beyond the horizon) are within their expected ranges when responses to such an undertaking is considered. Remember, most economic activities are driven by expectations, speculations, guessing…it’s a bipolar or even multipolar world. The consumer wants to know when the price will go down, the supplier wants to know when it will go up, what his competitor is up to…how about the regulators…other related economies and markets….
    Conclusion:
    1. The salary increase has an immediate effect and it will help families. They deserve it. For a person who has served almost freely for years, even a slight increase in her/his salary is welcome. Believe me, I look forward for my annual evaluations, because I know I will carry home a slightly fattened check. Bonus is even better. So let me leave it there.
    2. The primary question (and this is for all of us) has to do with the following:
    Is this the product of Eritrean productivity? If yes, where was it hidden from us? If no, then could it be enduring….meaning could it be sustaining?
    comment: I read people speculating. The speculations could be summarize in the shape and movement of a pendulum. They swing between a money given by EU to a money given by the Gulf states (some zeroed in on KSA, for political convenience). I have no clue as to what the source of the sudden and really huge increase (in its absolute value) is. But I know this: If the increase of salary is not driven by economic activities, it is doomed to precipitating a huge failure. Because outside factors are outside, they may give you a shock therapy, but to make it sustainable you have to have a well grounded economy. The following are some of the constraining challenges in Eritrea (they don’t take an economist to identify them).
    a. political will to overhaul the system. putting Eritrean house in order- I don’t care which way it’s done as long as it is a change Eritreans rally around.
    b. based on the above, trimming the government leaner, introducing institutional governance, overhauling national service; building a small, agile, well trained army. Doing everything to solve the conflict between Eritrea and Ethiopia, and starting afresh, with new attitudes and setting up for horizons that could not have been visible in the eighties and nineties, in terms of regional cooperation and collective defense and security…. If this does not work and the threats continue, mitigating them by building alliance outside the perceived “we are brothers” orbit.
    Eritrean economy could not be expected to sustain the ever-growing government (with its multiple programs and political giveaways. Think of the unproductive labor force that is bonded forcibly under different government franchises: PFDJ, YPFDJ…associations…NS….and you have those expensive holidays…
    Through history, governments have failed to manage sustaining economies (look at how Venezuela has been ruined). The way forward is to liberalize the economy. That doesn’t work without liberalizing citizens and their institutions, including the overhauling of Eritrea’s political footing. You may suppress prices forcibly by controlling money supply, but that is a short term remedy. For the short term business may be forced to sell off their perishable inventory. The problem is:
    a. They won’t be producing anymore in such a low price which would not cover the cost of production, therefore, productivity will be killed, and that event might trigger its own domino effect.
    b, they will lock out durable goods and when the increase of salaries flood the market slowly, prices will skyrocket.
    And with depressed production of consumer goods the people who are happy of salary increase will curse it unless productivity/supply meets the huge increase. many other issues may be discussed here, but it will be out of the topic. You can not have a sustaining economy just by manipulating money supply, or by “gifts” from outside. The key is make the economy generate its life sustaining activities; let the economy produce and predict the human resource, capital and technology needed. Liberalize Eritrean ingenuity and entrepreneurship, build peace within and without. Improve your image….Image is everything. And it’s said your image is the expression of your inner self.
    But for my cousins who have served the nation for more than a decade, for my friends who have taught…built…guarded…their country under the most difficult situation of PFDG rule, let them have some relief, even if that would mean buying an extra loaf…chicken…or visiting their ailing grandma.

    • Dis Donc

      Dear monsieur Mahmud,

      Very well written and analyzed response. Very well done! To generalize the increment in salary, it must have resulted from:
      1. A stable economy (which we have seen none of it) with a better sustainablity. Here, if the economy collapses then the currency inflates, leading to sky rocket prices. But if the economy is well managed, with proper economic and monetary policies, then it can remain sustainable. I.e. GDP > 0.
      2. An EU or SKA donations. The danger to this is once the money finishes then price adjusment is necessary to sustain a tanked economy. There is no other way out of this.

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Dear Dis Donc
        Thanks, and I agree with your points.

      • AOsman

        Dear Dis Donc,

        There are two potential scenario if the information is true:

        1. Temporary solution to survive – Imminent state collapse led to the money confiscation to buy time, so the pay increase will be financed from internal debt. Desperate situations require desperate measures.

        2. Long term deal secured – DIA’s alliance with the GCC may have secured him sufficient fund to increase salaries (to quell internal risk). EU funding even if fully dedicated to the salaries is not sufficient enough to cover the cost.

        Regards
        AOsman

        • Nitricc

          hey A.Osman; you said
          “1. Temporary solution to survive – Imminent state collapse led to the money confiscation to buy time, so the pay increase will be financed from internal debt. Desperate situations require desperate measures”
          As toothless as your reasoning is then how do you explain the decreasing prices of commodity in the country then? You see, when income increases it is natural the price of commodity to increase. i.e. your take is toothless.
          “2. Long term deal secured – DIA’s alliance with the GCC may have secured him sufficient fund to increase salaries (to quell internal risk). EU funding even if fully dedicated to the salaries is not sufficient enough to cover the cost.”
          Again, in order to revive a sluggish economy; you got pay people so they can spend. This pay increase will restart a real economic journey. For instance; whenever the economy is down the US will introduce stimulation package that will help move the economy or they introduce a spending bill that will employ hundreds of citizens. In Eritrea case, I see it as spending bill that will generate big national projects to follow. So your second reasoning too failed to pass logic.

          • A.Osman

            Dear Nitricc,

            You see, when income increases it is natural the price of commodity to increase. i.e. your take is toothless.

            Most of the Nacfa is in the Bank of Eritrea and your brain is wired to think the market is flooded with Nacfa that “commodity prices should increase”, shortage of money is causing the deflation.

            Not that it will make a difference to the market – but why have you assumed that they have paid up the new salaries……Think about it … your are ahead of time. Inflation will kick in, don’t hold your breath on that.

            Again, in order to revive a sluggish economy; you got pay people so they can spend.

            This principle does not apply everywhere. You would not do it in you home to generate money, if you have kids you will go bust. Eritrea is poor country, start thinking using basic concepts: (Input – Output), (Income – Expenditure), (Import – Export), etc…
            List economic activities that will generate income – Mining, Tourism, Port Service, Industries, Remittance, Grants, Donations, Taxation…etc..how is Eritrea fairing on those aspect so you have a feel. Paying salaries will not generate income, they only thing you can claim is it spreads money, help the service economy etc…

            Analogy: If you had a machine that is multi-powered with fuel, solar, wind, rechargeable battery, but it needed fuel to start, you would not think about using fuel to start it as it would trigger the other factors that will help its move and give you back beyond your input. When in US they give you tax relief/rebate or use quantitative easing, they know they can help restart economic activities that would go beyond their input and generate income….do you think we have such machine at home?

            I hope my toothless attempt helps, as you are asking me to explain a complex topic that is not my specialty.

            Regards
            AOsman

    • Fnote Selam

      Mahmud,

      Great analysis, but looking beyond the salary increase, however, is not a luxury.

      • Mahmud Saleh

        Dear FnoteSelam
        Thanks. I understand, we are a bit ahead of the real time of events. There are many questions that need to be answered; there are many assumptions made. .
        I’m just putting myself in the shoes of those who would be immediately affected by the change . There are thousands of folks who need immediate relief. It is a matter of empathy.

        • Fnote Selam

          Hi Mahmud,

          Yes, many unaswered questions, but again lets wait a little and see what happens before we consider this empathy material. Consider this (adopted from a twitter interaction i had with another person)…..an abusive uncle (who you live with) giving you a quarter when he saw the policy (commission of inquiry) closing on him…

          Other than that, your analysis is perfect.

          Best,

          FS.

  • Danny

    The Nakfa scenario between the junta and the people is as follows:

    There is a house in a neighborhood, and there lives a family in the house. The house is owned by a drunk, abusive father who bits the hell out of the wife and children day in day out. There are rumours that he even killed a couple of his children and buried them in the backyard. There seems to be a number of locked closets in the house that even the children who live in the house have no clue what these closets contain. No one who lives in the house works to earn a living but they all are forced to do meaningless house chores like washing dishes when in fact there is no food in the house. Some of the children are given money by their siblings who have left the house at different times. The drunk father even has a bit of crude convincing power over the few aloof exiled children to get a few coins out of them. There are rumours recently the eldest two who bully the rest of their siblings in the house have sold two of the last babies their mother gave birth to. As a result, they had some stashed money. They are the only ones who look fed in comparison. The drunk father knows everything that goes in the house for he is a control freak.
    One morning, the shortsighted father gets up off his bed and locks the doors, grabs his gun and holds up everyone in the house and demands everyone gives him every penny they have. He tells them he will distribute the money back as he sees it fit. The baby sellers bemoaned the loudest but they know that their dad is a brute and a trigger happy so they had no choice but to hand over their money. He right away pays the two who were doing most of the house chores. Whether the father will distribute the money as he promised is anyone’s guess, but given his track record, he will squander all the money. He will definitely give some of it to some of the ransacking kids he adopted from some of the neighbours. I think from this day on, the baby sellers and the beggar kids will attemt to stash their money way further from the father’s view. Money matters will become sticky and no one will trust anyone else.

    • Dis Donc

      *bits or beats? Considering how cruel the father is I think both work.

    • T..T.

      Hi Danny,

      This is a real mirror’s reflection on Isayas’s hideous personality and cheap politics. The country and its people are in total isolation and that’s why the world doesn’t care. The fate of the people is at Isayas’s hand, the hand that twists the truth to fit his image, an image of an impostor and liar. Yes, the whole Eritrean reality, as it, is a reflection of how the impostor failed the people to achieve anything. The Eritrean people, so far, could not gather any strength to face Isayas and as a result are suffering the direct blows and the unintended consequences of his cruel dirty and games.

  • Hope

    Yes Sir!
    Irrespective of your sarcasm and joke,yes Mr Satirist Ermias,that is RIGHT ,you cannot refute facts and history!

    You cannot expect the GoE to be perfect while cursing it for its failures at the same time !

    No body denied the mess by the PFDJ!
    But you cannot deny or refute the other sources of the mess either!

    And yes indeed,it is a documented fact that the CIA and its mercenaries messed up things!

    Go figure it out as you have a graduate degree,if not ask a second grade Eritrean kid to teach you some basics of ERITREAN history 101!
    And yes,indeed,Eritrea can be and will be,a better UAE!
    It is a matter of time!

  • Semere Andom

    V.F:
    Master Piece. Captures what the Hopes and Nitrccs have been saying for years. Succinct!!

    • Hope

      Tefa’eka wedi Andom!
      Teweriska bel!
      Congrats for producing some. students!

  • ‘Gheteb

    The Obverse To The Whole Megillah of The Naqfa Currency Replacement

    Greetings!

    Before I even start to venture in proffering my two cents, um, my two Naqfas, on the whole megillah of the recent Naqfa replacement, I hasten to state the following disclaimer. I am probably the most nescient, the most illiterate and the most ‘unconversant’ person on issues of economics and finance. Moreover, I am clueless and utterly unschooled on fiscal and monetary policies as the next witless person.

    I have never taken economics or finance courses either in high school or in college. I don’t read nor am I inclined to read on issues pertaining to economics or finance. Hence why I deem myself to be utterly benighted, unlettered and ignorant on issues of economics and finance.

    But here is what I came across that I think may offer the opposite or the other side to the Naqfa currency replacement story.

    መንግስቲ ኤርትራ ባጤራ ድሕሪ ምቕያሩ ኣብ ዕዳጋታት እንታይ ተርእዮ ፈጢሩ?

    ንምዃኑ ንምጉዳል ዝቕባበ ግንዘብ ዝድረኽ እንታይ`ዩ

    ዋሽንግተን —

    ኣብ ዓዲ-እንግሊዝ ዝነብር ምሁር ስነ-ቑጠባ ዶ/ር ተስፋይ መሓሪ፡ ስለምንታይ ኣብ ኤርትራ ዋጋ ዕዳጋታት ከምዝጎደለ ክትንትን ከሎ፡ ዋጋ ዝጎድል ወይ ቀረብ ክበዝሕ ከሎ ወይ ከኣ ኣብ ዑደት ዝርከብ ገንዘብ ክውሕድ ከሎ ምዃኑ ይጠቅስ። ኣብ`ዚ እዋን`ዚ ዘይልሙድ ዝኾነ ወሰኽ ቀረባት ስለዘይተሰምዐ ግን፡ እቲ ቀንዲ ምኽንያት፡ ባንኪ ኤርትራ ባጤራ ናቕፋ ብብዝሒ ናብ ዑደት ከይወጽእ ቁጽጽር ስለዝገበረ`ዩ ዝብል እምነት ኣሎ።

    ኣብ ዕዳጋታት ኣስመራ፡ ዋጋ መግቢ ብ60 ክሳብ 70% ከምዝወረደ ይንገር ኣሎ። “እቲ ቐረብ ጎዲሉ እንተዝኸውን፡ እቲ ዋጋ ኣይምጎደለን፡ እቲ ነጋዳይ ባዕሉ ብፍቓዱ ነታ ኣቕሓ ይሸጣ እንተልዩ ጸገም የብላን፡ ሸማታይ ከኣ በታ ኣብ ጅብኡ ዘላ ዝወሓደቶ ገንዘብ ነቲ ዘድልዮ መግቢ ክገዝእ እንተኽኢሉ ጸገም ኣይኮነን” ይብል ዶ/ር ተስፋይ መሓሪ። ገንዘብ ካብ ባንኪ ክነውጽእ ኣይከኣልናን እናበሉ ዘማርሩ ነበርቲ `ውን ውሑዳት ኣይኮኑን። ንሰራሕተኛታት መንግስትን ነቲ ውሑድ ደሞዙን ምቹእ ኩነታት ከምዝፈጠረሎም ዝግልጹ`ውን ከምኡ ውሑዳት ኣይኮኑን።

    Nakfa Currency

    ብዛዕባ ኣድማዕነትን ክውንነትን`ቲ ሓዲሽ ፖሊሲ ካብ ሰበ-ስልጣን መንግስቲ ንምስማዕ ምትሕብባር ኣይረኸብናን።

    ምሁር ስነ-ቑጠባ ዝሃበና ናጻ ርእይቶ ግን ቀሪብና`ለና።

    http://m.tigrigna.voanews.com/a/3148013.htm

    http://av.voanews.com/clips/VTG/2016/01/15/d69a3920-f936-4efe-b52c-0686923fc2fa.mp3?download=1

    Well, here I am not even remotely throwing shade on this story nor am I vaticianting that the Naqfa currency replacement will come to grief not for anything else, but for the simple fact that I am not a Panglossian pessimist when it comes to Eritrea. Simply, I am not.

    • Fanti Ghana

      Hello Gheteb,
      Welcome back, and I here by self appoint myself to represent all of those who are unable to publicly say ‘we missed you!’
      My understanding of economics is perhaps less than yours, but whenever a price of food goes down, I take it as good news no mater what the cause.

      • Peace!

        Fantish,

        Agreed. One of the key thing missing in the opposite side is positive attitude that one will not need a lot of convincing to make a simple valid point. We are more often drawn to drawing out the negative out of the positive. Indeed lower prices are always good for consumers.

        Peace!

      • ‘Gheteb

        Selam Fanti Ghana,
        Thank you for your kind words.

      • Hayat Adem

        The Made-of-Purity, St. Fanti,
        1) I also welcome Gheteb. I don’t know if he will be more friendly and fairer to me this time.
        2) Wishing good is in your bone, Fanti, and naturally, like you, sane people should be happy to see prices, especially food prices going down and affordable.
        3) On the other hand, the laws of economic physics do not work for humans. Humans work for them. Markets only give us back a mirror reflection.
        4) Lets say warsay Hadgu’s is excited hearing two “good news” coming jointly at a critical time he had been desperately looking for any help to ease a long sitting and worsening financial burden. One good news was from the fact that uncle Isayas suddenly broke the news of quadrupling Hadgu’s salary from 500N to 2000N. Holding everything else constant, this is indeed a good news for Hadgu’s family. And this coupled with the 2nd good news that price of consumer goods also have gone down, is a miracle that never happened elsewhere except in Eritrea. I’m telling, In the modern markets, and at macro level, household income and the price of consumer goods dramatically going opposite direction is not a normal usual economic phenomenon. Eritrea could be the first to experience this. Well, what else is new! We have always said we are unique, haven’t we? Given this has come from economic smartness, it is the best news ever, all neighboring countries should envy at and I is a living economic lesson the world must contemplate to learn from. Why not? I really mean it. Pay attention to my qualifier, though: given this is from an economic smartness, which mostly means high tech induced productivity that chops off the cost of production, distribution and marketing. If you can show me that, I think we don’t need to accompany to do the dirty works in Yemen for KSA. We can export inventions and knowledge.
        4) Going back to the 1st good news, i.e., the salary increase (which means in this case income increase- in the absence of inflation) is to be welcome. People can say it has come too late, too little. Too late? Well, yes but it could have been even later or never to come. Too little? Well, yes, but it could have been even less than what is offered now.
        5) Here, if the money was coming from a new print, it would have been worrisome because if that was the case warsay Hadgu would not have gained any in the net balance, as new print means simply inflation. Money increase is not income increase. It is income increase what we should be talking about here, now. The market knows values and prices, and doesn’t care about inflated numbers or stashed countless money paper notes. So does the pocket of a man. However, new money print doesn’t seem to be the cause of the current salary increase we are talking about. The markets are even being reported cheaper. If it is not money print, then where is the additional money coming from?
        5) There are three possible reasons for this: 1) Maybe the EU/Germany aid. This money was declared last month officially, and I know EU has a lengthy process of actualizing financial pledges. I am sure the money will take sometime until it finds its way into the Eritrean banks. so maybe the Eritrean government is pledging the salary increase in anticipation of the release of the money or it is borrowing from its own accounts with a plan to reimburse them when it arrives. But, this can be the case as the money was dispatched from EU with aim of clipping down the immigration influx from Eritrea and the most susceptible section is the youth victim of the National Service. It might even be one must condition attached to the money in the agreement between the IA regime and the EU. The language they used was “poverty reduction”, and salary to the unpaid workers is a perfect scheme to address poverty..
        6) The other source could be the Eritrean Port/Blood lease by the GCC against Yemen. We cannot know how much, we cannot know how fast. But it is possible this money has changed hands and possibly in circulation already in the Eritrean market. IA might felt he could sustain the flow of this money only if he had a solid long-term commitment from the KSA/UIE/Qatar. So maybe the 30-50 years lease agreement is true. It is as well, IA has felt the grip of his hand on both money sources (EU and GCC) and that he felt about time to do something about his long postponed promise of “mosakhum kiKhefelekum eyu”. Such kind of money is good in economic terms. It is coming with its own economic-value. However, it is bad money considering the whorish geopolitical policy it has been made up from. In the end, Eritrea will pay back politically for this so reckless and irresponsible decision that has nothing to do with Eritrea’s vital self interests. The enemies Eritrea is making by doing so is without conditions that force it to- unnecessary and unwise. On the flipside, the friends Eritrea is making will be ungrateful and less respectful for they know they paid money for this service.
        7) Some of the money could have come (as this article stipulates) from forcing the shift of hands in the local economy. That is taking it from others to give it to others in the mafia-like national robbery PFDJ calculatively planned to snatch it from people with its latest currency note replacement. That will have a long-term consequences and a bad one: people will not trust local banks and national banks, and will no more trust Nakfa as a currency, will add mistrust/contempt on the government. Money hording, and fast conversion to other currencies, and keep it away or under the mattress will be the trendy practice. People will opt for transactions that avoid Nakfa and the banks. That may be why, right now, there is less money in circulation, less consumer confidence in the market, less willing to spend. That will lead to less supply of goods and less production eventually. That will put a shift of long term stress on the demand side. By then though production will have been discouraged needing a complete cyclic signals to respond to demands, which means, in the mean time, a lot of consumer goods will have to be imported at inflationary prices. Under such situations, Nakfa will go nose-dive south in no time, possibly the Zimbabwe Dollar way. The usual parasitic companies of the regime and culprits closer to it will be amassing profits again from the process. If you are asking me about the health of the economy at a national level, forget it. It has lost its vital signals long ago.
        8) That is not the way to run a normal country and society.
        Hayat

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Hayat,

          Your comment certainly substantiate the argument made by AT in this editorial edition. I would recommend AT to move it to the front page with a relevant title to it. good analysis.

          regards,
          Amanuel Hidrat

          • Hayat Adem

            Thanks Emma,
            Well, good to know that you liked it. There was an 8th grade class mate of mine from a long time who used to freely tell us how dishonest her dad was. She didn’t care if we were few or many. She would always start with a repeat lead in: “Ezi tekal sebAy…timali ‘tay geyru emelekin?!…” And then the list of the things he was accusable of, according to her. Some of used to be very uncomfortable about some of the things she had to say about her father, not that we thought he didn’t deserve it but we thought to disesteem a parent with outsiders were out of line. That was then. Now, my view is, parent or not, if a person is abusive, dishonest or a falsie, he should be called just that. That is even a parent. This man called IA is a nobody to Eritreans. He is a nobody to Eritrea itself. He was born of it, not the other way round, as many are willingly fooled to credit him. He runs a Eritrea with a lower threshold of transparency demanded for a private company. Nothing is discussed or declared with adequate,facts, reasons and details. Literally, he has more hand and ownership over Eritrean kids than the parents. Worse yet, he has more control over the lives of the youth than the youth themselves. He controls the money in circulation and savings than the owners of the money. He controls prices than the market. His ubiquitary hand is into everything. And the worst thing we can do is to be pleasantly surprised by his magician acts of a candy party: where does this manna come from?!!! S u r p r i s e W a r s a y, 2000N!!!
            Semere T., do you hear me, if a government is acting as a manna exciter, you are dealing with a text-book worst government. REALLY BADDD! Governments are supposed to be predicable and known, and monitored, and traceable in their resource mobilization, allocation, spending, priorities and activities. “Surprise!!” is not a government vocabulary. It is a military vocabulary attacking an enemy. Or is PFDJ managing Eritrea in a military style like a true enemy?
            Hayat

    • AOsman

      Dear Gheteb,

      Welcome back, share your two Nakfa, many of us are here are not experts in economics, but that should not stop us from moaning when we see a radical action being taken by a government that has screwed many things in the past.

      The window of opportunity to introduce electronic banking system has been missed (the mobile banking would have worked), it should have started way before announcing the draconian measure to replace the currency. Even using cheques has been limited, maybe to avoid people using fake cheques or until they clear the deposited money is not from illicit business….the tightened system will strangulate the economy. It is clear that the main motive was not to upgrade the system, more like a daylight robbery.

      The main reason for the reduction in price is money shortage that has led to the temporary appreciation of Nacfa vs hard currencies. If businesses are able to buy hard currency at a cheaper rate, they have no reason to stick to the old prices. The question is how long will that hold?

      One thing is clear, overtime money will flow in one direction and that is out of the Bank again (no system in place to avoid it). The government may try to slow such outflow by limiting withdrawals as it has done for now, but that is not sustainable. Even if they stick to their guns, they will be paying salaries, maybe at the celebrated “quadruple” rate…which will be the minimum source that will reverse the situation to where is once was if not worse. Whatever business people earn they will not hoard nor deposit it in the Bank but will go to exchange whatever they earn to hard currency…a trend of the devaluation of Nacfa will start, worst than what we had before as hoarding did keep much of the currency out of circulation. Would the hard currency from mining industries, remittance, 2% tax, tourism, port lease (recent adventure with Saudi or other opps) help? I doubt it.

      Regards
      AOsman

      • ‘Gheteb

        Selam AOsman,

        Thank you for your kind words and for the welcome. For what they are worth, here is my pedestrian takes on the issues that you have brought to the fore.

        I am not sure how “The Mobile Banking” or “The Electronic Banking System” that you alluded to will work in a tightly state controlled economic system like that of Eritrea. The transition to an ‘open market’ system is the first order of thing for such steps to play their role in Eritrea’s economic life.

        If I am not mistaken, “The Mobile Banking” is the brainchild of our African neighbors, The Kenyans. However, the Eritreans economic system and that of Kenya are probably the polar opposites in the sense that one is more open and the other is a tightly controlled system that has yet to mature.

        So, concrete steps are urgently and sorely needed to be taken by the Eritrean Government to transition the current economic system to one more amenable to “Electronic and Mobile Banking”. Here is a link to what some experts are saying about the state of the Eritrean economy;

        http://diplomat.so/2016/01/15/eritrea-from-a-secretive-dictatorship-to-a-more-open-liberal-economy-experts-say/

        • AOsman

          Dear Getheb,

          I don’t believe mobile banking is related to open or closed banking system as it can run in both environments. Not only Kenyans, Somalians have been using it for some time. In its basic form it is as simple as exchanging telephone credits between mobiles. In an open market like Somalia, with independent telecom companies early introduction of the technology was possible.

          If there was a will, there would have been a way, the government would not have lost control as it would been the provider of the system. The last paragraph of the article by AT made a point about luck of electricity being a hindrance to the move to paperless currency. This may be true to some extent, but mobile banking is not heavily reliant on having electricity throughout the city, as long as the mobile network is functional people have creative ways of keeping their mobiles charged.

          Regards
          AOsman

          • ‘Gheteb

            Selam AOsman,

            Okay, let me just agree with you that “The Electronic and Mobile Banking” is immune to whether an economic system is open or tightly state controlled. Now how does one reconcile the regnant, prevailing economic reality in Eritrea with the plan of introducing electronic banking in Eritrea?

            I mean the dearth and scarcity of cellular or mobile phones in Eritrea. How does one go about effectuating electronic and mobile banking in the absence of widespread use of mobile phones in Eritrea to make a meaningful impact ? Kindly refer to the quote and link provided below.

            ” The prospects for developing mobile banking services are limited, as Eritrea has one of the lowest mobile phone penetration rates on the continent: according to the latest data available only 4 out of 100 adults holds a mobile phone.”

            https://www.mfw4a.org/eritrea/financial-sector-profile.html

            Regarding what Valerie Frank’s said about the Naqfa currency replacement is that it was a “positive move that [will] enable [The Eritrean Government] [to have] a tighter control of monetary policy”. What my seat-of-the-pants understanding is that the government will have a better or tighter control over management of money supply, interest rates. It aims to achieve macroeconomic objectives such as inflation and growth.

            As I said before, issues such as monetary and fiscal policies are not my strong suit. I mean they are not my ‘thing’ and I defer to others to shed more light on these issues.

          • AOsman

            Dear Geteb,

            I mean the dearth and scarcity of cellular or mobile phones in Eritrea. How does one go about effectuating electronic and mobile banking in the absence of widespread use of mobile phones in Eritrea to make a meaningful impact ? Kindly refer to the quote and link provided below.

            You know this is self inflicted and maybe out of paranoia that was due to the restriction on mobile line registrations and the heavy control on imports (to stop the feel fall of Nacfa). What is interesting, importing mobiles under restrictive business environment is a lucrative business (demand and quantity/baggage) and I can assure you Eritreans are more than ready.

            I have stated that the currency replacement was a missed opportunity as if they really were serious about e-money, they could have increased phone penetration rates easily as it does not require expensive infrastructure investment like that of cabling for landlines. That is why on “motive”, e-money was not an objective to begin with and we can eliminate that big lie and dig deeper to analyse the other suspected reasons.

            Like you, on the heavy staff of economics I will take a back sit for someone to break it down for us.

            Regards
            AOsman

    • tes

      Selam Gheteb,

      Welcome back. The article has a strong echo to beard every where even it can call back deaf people.

      Ok you are not coming with your opinion I wouldn’t bother you. However as a carrier of the message I would like to ask you if possible to forward this message to the good professor.

      To re-quote what the good professor said, “…ኣብ`ዚ እዋን`ዚ ዘይልሙድ ዝኾነ ወሰኽ ቀረባት ስለዘይተሰምዐ ግን፡ እቲ ቀንዲ ምኽንያት፡ ባንኪ ኤርትራ ባጤራ ናቕፋ ብብዝሒ ናብ ዑደት ከይወጽእ ቁጽጽር ስለዝገበረ`ዩ ዝብል እምነት ኣሎ።”

      My question: the question is meant to the good doctor

      Had the good doctor ever read in his entire professional career about confiscation of legal money?

      I am asking this because it has been a month now without money circulation.

      I hope the good doctor will not try to rationalize such acts though we have heard professors like Gideon, Asmerom Leggese to rationalize crimes which is happening against Eritreans.

      tes

      • ‘Gheteb

        Selam Tes,
        Thank you for the welcome and I hope others try to answer the question(s) you are raising.

    • PTS

      Gheteb,
      Dr Tesfay was invited because the regime refused repeated voa-tigrigna calls for interview. it is also worth noting that aside from the initial interview of the bank administrator, as big as personally affecting everyone the matter is, there have been no other interviews and no public discussion. what is your two-naqfa take on the secrecy surrounding the naqfa take over?

      • ‘Gheteb

        Selam PTS,

        I am not sure why the Government of Eritrea through its officials is not offering more explanations, discussions or interviews regarding the Naqfa currency replacement or change.

        My guess is that the Eritrean Government or ,for that matter, the EPLF is not accustomed to talking publicly and openly about financial and budgetary issues usually invoking national security concerns or issues.

        One hopes that they will transition to more transparency by opening the financial and budgetary books, so to speak, for public scrutiny.

        • Berhe Y

          Selam Gheteb,

          After 25 years they have been in power and the reason they do not open their books and disclose their budget is because they are not really a government. They call themselves government but they are really NOT by any standard. They operate like just a mafia organization because they are involved in many shady activities that they can’t disclose. They do not want to self incriminate them selves.

          There are many freedom movements who transform them selves to government proper once they come to power. Just to name a few, TPLF in Ethiopia, Museveni in Uganda, Paul Kigame in Rwanda just to name a few without going too far.

          Isayas was just pretending to be leader of EPLF movement but deep down he had no interest in the freedom of the people or the country…he was just going along, only thing he cared was the control of money, security (the prison / halewa sewra) and eliminating threat to his power.

          The rest did all the heavy lifting and did all the sacrifice, that’s the reason he can’t even trust his shadow because he knows his history really well.

          Berhe

    • Peace!

      Dear Gheteb,

      Welcome Back!!!

      Peace!

      • ‘Gheteb

        Selam Peace!

        Thank you.

  • Ayneta

    Hope:
    Shimka tesfa tsihfetka hafa……. when we finally sighed a big relief that Nitricc has met his better self for the new year, there you come taking the place of old Nitricc……defeating us with your IA-weymot gibberish……now that you will probably hang out longer in this rejuvenated form of yours for the new year, kindly follow basic writing style….it would be double insult to endure your clichéd ideas and redundant style.

  • Ted

    Hi LT. we all are Arefaine when it comes to the lunatic tes’s abuse we endure day in day out. I don’t see he getting any smarter in the new year, if not worse. Everytime he confronted with news of any perceived improvement in Eritreans livelihood, he looses every moral sense resorting to nonsensical hissy fits. Needs help, He is a mess,

  • T..T.

    Hi SJG, AOsman and all,

    >>>>First thing, first – A get well joke for SJG,

    A preacher went into his temple and he was praying to God. While he was praying, he asked God, “How long is 10 million years to you?” God replied, “1 second.” The next day the preacher asked God, “God, how much is 10 million dollars to you?” And God replied, “A penny.” Then finally the next day the preacher asked God, “God, can I have one of your pennies?” And God replied, “Just wait a second.”

    >>>SECOND and but not that God’s second. With cash disappeared,there is a hungry child’s demands to be met by every family. Isayas is holding hostage the whole family – no money, no water, no food, no anything. In such a situation, Eritreans going to have to play their own tricks to outsmart Isayas, as exampled below:

    A businessman was dismayed by a surprising new big business opening up next door and erecting a huge sign which read ‘BEST DEALS.’

    The same businessman was horrified again when another big company opened up on his right side announcing that it will soon open up its doors with even bigger discounts, reading ‘LOWEST PRICES EVER.’

    The businessman panicked by all what was going on; he put the biggest sign of all over his own store. It read: ‘MAIN ENTRANCE’ here. His way of overpowering the other competitors.

    Lesson learned, for every trick of Isayas there will be many counter tricks by the people against Isayas.

  • S.Tesfa

    Greeting AT,
    “The Eritrean economy is mainly run by crude partisan cadres, rarely by professional technocrats. Operations are macro-managed by the know-it-all dictator himself”.

    Sadly, very true.

    Regards,

  • V.F.

    Dear AT. Excellent article. Very accurate, easy flow, timely, and great analysis. How do these people (IA and his cohorts) sleep at night? Or do they?

  • Rule of Law

    PFDJ’s “What is thine is mine” mentality is consistent with the way it views the people as mere subjects correlative to the exact relationship between slave and a master. Nevertheless, emancipation is around the corner. By the way, great essay!

  • AMAN

    Dear AT
    Good Observation !
    I agree with you !
    Whenever a new regime is entrusted with public or state authority
    by the people to lead the process of change or the transformation
    of the political change of the Nation in Ethiopia ; they usually shortcut
    or sideline the public issue once they take the chair and drop all the
    main agendas of the people and the change/revolution and replace
    them with secondary or collateral issues as new agendas. And they
    try to fool or mislead the people through their media machinery.
    That is exactly what happened when the EPRDF came to power of
    ruling Ethiopia it just copied and printed the Bank notes of the Dergue
    with minor insignificant changes just aiming only to be against Eritrea’s
    economic progress by contravening and contradicting the economic
    agreements that previously existed between the PFDJ & the EPRDF.
    Actually, the Eritrean Nakfa currency reflects the equality of Nations and
    Nationalities more than the Ethiopian Birr as shown on the Notes.
    Similarly, when the Dergue came in 1974 replacing the old system and
    regime, it wholly without any change even the slightest inherited the previous
    Teqlay Gizats only changing their names to Kifle Hagers. There was not any
    response to the main cause that started and brought about the revolution.
    This two failures or ignorant negligencies of the main and primary issues
    and settling on collateral side issues costed the country to be tramped upon
    and to get into more deeper and deeper political, economic and social crisis
    even as the world moves towards new millennial realities contrary to the past
    era. Thus the regimes have crossed the no return red line and should go away
    irreparable damages morally and materially.

  • T..T.

    Hi all,

    Many Meskeremites like Hope were only worried by Isayas declaration of Sawa graduates salary increases to NKF3,5000. If Sawa have had produced in its 28 rounds (10,000 each round) a total of 280,000 multiplied by NKF 3,500, the regime will monthly pay to Sawa youth a total of NKF 980 million, i.e. 280,000 x NKF3500 = NKF980,000,000.

    The Awate Team’s economic analysis adds trouble to the already shocked Meskeremites. Now from the analysis, it is understood that the country is facing postponed delivery of goods and services due to absence of cash. As the result, the business (domestic and international) promises have become empty.

    In such a situation the business people resort to exploiting their consumers concerns and finding solution by redefining money as well as redefining their relationship with the regime. Accordingly, the people will first enforce new laws to manage their redefined money. Goods and services coming from the Sudan and Ethiopia will be settled in their respective currencies. In between some business people may seek to find a washing relationships between the used currencies (the Ethiopian and the Sudanese currencies) by establishing an exchange rate, leaving the NKF out. Gradually, the business people, out of the redefined money and relationship with the regime, will develop strong economic muscles that will quickly erode the influence of the regime in Eritrea.

    • AOsman

      Dear T.T.

      You have to be conservative on your 28000 estimate, as year on year the youth have been leaving in droves. I was thinking the EU may have a hand in a deal to increase the salary hoping it will reduce the immigration problem. For me whatever the reason this one is good news as the only way to manage it is by reducing the number of conscripts and releasing those who have been on long term national service. I have my doubts about the 3 500NKF promised as salary, considering even the depositors where restricted to only 5000 NFK of their money.

      Bjeka habuni, Enkum zeyfelit mengisti Mkhuanu aytresiE.

      On your second point, I saw some in TesfaNews rejoicing that the USD exchange reached 24NKF (I think a lie as this was briefly at the begging) and that there is deflation, while giving blind eye to reports that it is causing internal crises and people are suffering. Imagine, even using the good rate 5 000NKF is worth only 210USD and that is what you get whatever amount you have to deposit forcefully to avoid loosing your money. In the short term it is recipe for disaster and in the long term those who have money will surely resort to using other currencies and when they hoard their wealth it will be in a hard currency or they will purchase an asset or keep their saving outside Eritrea – that’s tells much about the future of Eritrean Banking. Knowing this, the government is likely to device a slow release of Nacfa they have forcefully taken as saving, a painful and even risky time for those who have had to hand over their millions.

      Regards
      AOsman

      • T..T.

        Dear AOsman,

        My calculation is based on avoiding risks of erring, considered conservatism in resolving uncertainty by minimizing risks of making errors, which reads: It is better to err on the side of the allowance being a little too large, rather than a little too small denying a space to make corrections.

        What about your suggested conservatism?

        • AOsman

          Dear T.T,

          It depends from which angle you are looking at it. If you were working for the government and had no clue about the number you could pick the 28000 as the worst case scenario with no risk, but that is a futile exercise and we are/should be arguing from an opposition perspective.

          Using 28000 is clearly an exaggeration, as an opposition your reader would not take your point seriously. What you need to do is come up with a number likely to be smaller than the existing number of Warsay and prove that 3500NFK monthly is not sustainable. Then you can convince all the government supporters that the story is fishy.

          In any case I would have picked 10 years of conscript as a base for calculation (100k), or worked out by taking away the yearly migration (av 5k) reducing the 10k to half giving 140k Warsay. 100k gives you 350 million and 140k gives you 490 million.

          To make it interesting, what is the exchange rate that you would use to work it out in USD?

          A PFDJsta would say 24NKF or would they? when it does not suit their calculation as 24:1 would not look good, with 50:1 and 100k recruits, you are talking about 7 million USD monthly – 84 millions yearly, 3/4 of it is the increase (63 million).

          Now using this underestimated value, you can easily conclude, the EU funding (40 miilion Euro/year) even if fully dedicated to support salary increase as a mean to control migration is not sufficient enough (Semere Tesfai tried to make a case out of it). Considering the diminishing value of the 2% tax, mining revenue probably down as they extract non precious metals, the government must have got another good deal from the new alliance with Saudi to quadruple salaries.

          Regards
          AOsman

          • T..T.

            Dear AOsman,

            Who is the opposition? Even the Meskeremites who promote non-sense politics of Alem Goitom claim they are opposition.

            How do you differentiate the real from the fake opposition? The real opposition exaggerates Isayas’s bads, while the fake opposition minimize Isayas’s problem.

            Regarding the uncontrolled asset value increases, the impact is worst of worse for Eritrea and Eritreans and better not say any. But regarding the sudden shift in monetary policy by Isayas, unless it is explained clearly, the people will continue to consider it as a declaration of confiscating their money in the banks and outside the banks.

            Finally, unlike what Isayas says, the opposition claims that NKF was forced out of the market by lack of confidence in the regime and the incompetence of the authority in charge.

          • AOsman

            Dear T.T,

            The real opposition exaggerates Isayas’s bads, while the fake opposition minimize Isayas’s problem

            Two estimates 63 million and 490 million USD, it is somewhere in between :), can you improve on that?

            When I said opposition, it meant in the broadest sense. I don’t know what to make of your above comment, let alone “fake” oppositions you should go one step further to win PFDJ supporters. Whenever we can we all should try to get real data in making our case, if we have to guess-estimate we have to be convincing. To make a case against DIA, it is better when you show something is bad using underestimated values so there is no doubt about it and overestimate when proving something good is not worth what it is made to look.

            Regards
            AOsman

          • T..T.

            Dear AOsman,

            The opposition all over the world understands and seeks to weaken the party in power through accusation and media manipulation invigorating resistance to take people’s grievances to the streets. Thus, what is seen between the ruling party and the opposition is a game of manipulating facts to weaken the other side. Isayas on his part masters the art of distorting facts for his political survival, which games include divide and rule through fragmenting the opposition, multiplying the opposition, depocketing the people because money is power, exaggerating the opposition’s weakness, etc etc distortion of facts. Again, only fake opposition plays mild role to fight back with same, a distortion of facts.

          • AOsman

            Dear T.T,

            The below document (page 9) has expenditure data (1994 – 2002) as a % of GDP, even tough outdated it is useful if you assume 1996-2000 is where GDP and expenditures have peaked. The data should at least give a feel on the number that we are trying to predict.

            http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2004/wp0407.pdf

            http://cdn.tradingeconomics.com/charts/eritrea-gdp-per-capita.png?s=eritreagdppita&v=201601121646m&d1=19160101&d2=20161231

            Gheteb,

            Wear you calculus hat, the document has concentrated juice on monetary and fiscal policies to figure where Eritrea may be heading.

            Regards
            AOsman

  • tes

    Deat AT,

    This article is so strong.

    A strong reverberating message to the people and an alarm to those who enable PFDJ economy to run as a mafia type closed circle!

    With an echo to be heard everywhere!

    tes

    • Nitricc

      Hi tes, the toothless one; let me tell you a story about your worthless take.
      there was a guy with terrible stuttering problem. it takes him about one minute to say to his wife I love you honey. IIIIIIIIIIIII LLLLLLL OOOOOOOO VVVVVVVV EEEEEEEEEE YYYYYYYY; you get the idea. so, his wife was so tried and embarrassed of her husbands stuttering problem, she demanded her husband seeks medical help. so, the guy has no choice but to see a doctor. once he arrived in the clinic he explains the whole problem taking hime considerable time due to his severe stuttering condition. once his explained his situation and the doctor did his exam and finally his diagnostic; the doctor informed the cause of the problem and its cure. the doctor explained; the reason you are stuttering so bad is due too your the size of your private part. your privet part is so big, it is demanding too much blood from your thought out system; therefore, less blood for your speech region of your brain, the net result of that causation is terrible stuttering. however; there is a good news; if we reduced your private part in half; you shall be completely stutter free. the poor guy agrees to the procedure because his wife demanded it. he goes through the procedure and his half of private part was gone.
      he gets home and he shouts to his wife, hi honey, i am all cured and he planed a kiss on her in excitement. they celebrated the night with cheerful and loving evening. then they want to bed and as usual engaged in love making. once they engaged in the activity, the wife jumped out of the bed demanded for explanation of for the missing part of him. the poor guy explained that the problem for his stuttering problem was his private part i.e. per her request he gave it up. The wife shoot back, i don’t give a hoot if you don’t say a word any more; you better go back to your doctor and get your properties back. the poor guy goes to his doctor and says; Hey Doc; my wife is not happy with my decision so, i would like my private part back! and the doctor shoots back by saying Toooooooooooooooooooo Lllllllllllllllllllllllllaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaattttttttttttttttttttttttteeeeeeeeeeeee.
      so tes, i know it over your head but PIA reading this article is saying “to late” and laughing his head off.

      • tes

        Dear Nitricc,

        Hayat Adem, did a great work recently. She put additional cells into your starved one-celled brain. I need to thank HA for giving us a new Nitricc.

        This is a lovely gift from you to me. I love you so much Nitriccay.

        Lol…

        tes

        • Semere Andom

          Tes:
          No Hayat donated cells long time ago but nitircc rejected when transplanted 🙂
          we thank Hayat for her generosity

      • Nitricc

        Hi AT; I am sorry you failed to see the point. but have it your way.

        • V.F.

          Dear Nitrcc, it’s about time you are tried in the moderators court as an adult, not as a juvenile.

        • tes

          Dear Nitricc,

          The problem is you are a loser every time of your attempted tag to divert a topic of interest at hand when it punches PFDJ hard.

          Awate Forum and AT has learned now from your silly reaction intended to divert us. No way now, we are in 2016.

          tes