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Hajji Mussa: 2017 Man of The Year

On Friday, October 20, 2017, the Eritrean security forces arrested Hajji Mussa Mohamed Nur and scores of others from different parts of Asmara. He is the Board Director of Al-Diaa Islamic school. The school is a private community school established in the 1960s by the late Ustaz Mohammed Bashir Ahmed. Hajji Musa is a respected elder and the president of the board that openly rejected the government’s interference in the school’s affairs.
A few days earlier, thousands of people from the community had gathered at the school compound to be briefed by Hajji Mussa and other board members concerning the government’s attempts to confiscate the school. Both the school board and the community members had stated their rejection of the government’s attempts and promised to protect the institution that they established with their efforts and private resources.

Hajji Mussa has become sick due to the harsh situation in the jail that a man his age cannot bear, and the government decided to release him from jail and put him under house arrest. When the prison warden informed him of the decision Hajji Mussa refused to walk out of the prison alone unless all the other prisoners who were arrested with him are released. He defiantly told the warden, “You can carry my dead body out of here, but I am not leaving alone.”

Hajji Mussa’s courageous defiance against injustice has inspired all Eritreans of goodwill in an unprecedented way. His exemplary defense of his rights and the rights of Eritrean citizens has emboldened the Eritrean justice seekers camp. His arrest and the subsequent demonstration that followed his arrest is now considered a turning point in the Eritrean struggle against tyranny and injustice. is proud to name Hajji Mussa Mohammed Nur, the Man of the Year for 2017.

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  • Beyan

    Unrest in Asmara: The Facts
    2 November 2017
    Al Diaa Alumni Society**

    Salam friends,

    My hope is that the “Man of the Year” piece can become a one stop for anyone who wishes to know all that occurred between October 31st, 2017 and 31 December 2017. Hope to slowly and selectively avail here the materials that will inform any reader or researcher who wishes to investigate the matters further that this serves as an archive. It needs to be systematic – to the extent that that is possible. For example, all of the Arabic, the English, and Tigrinya pieces can be housed in their respective spaces. So, here ADAS’s report:

    As you all should be aware by now, last Tuesday, 31 October 2017, Asmara was rattled by protests that emanated from Akhriya. In the absence of any independent media in Eritrea, The Al Diaa Alumini Society (ADAS) opted to present to you the HARD FACTS so that you may be properly informed.


    For 48 years, Al Diaa has closed its doors on Fridays in observance of the Muslim weekly holiday. Ostensibly, the previous two occupying forces had allowed this tradition to go on because Al Diaa is not a public school. It is a private school built by private citizens of the Akhriya community and its vicinity. The only difference between Al Diaa school and other public schools is that this one incorporates Arabic and Quran as part of its curriculum much as the Catholic school (Catholic denomination), Mahber Hawriat (Adventist denomination), and Swedish Mission school (Protestants denomination), do. How ironic, it is a home grown regime that is attempting to nationalize these private schools to become part of its public schools, when all indications are that, at least, ADAS can attest to this with authority and legitimacy for almost fifty-year Al Diaa has been school par excellence. The proof, as they say, is in the putting. Within the alumni one can easily find professionals of high caliber in myriad field of endeavors.

    The Lead up to the Confrontation

    Al Diaa, as a private school, instituted what was sensible to the community’s values. As such the school determined that boys and girls will be in a coed setting from elementary to middle school and are separated based on their gender at the high school level. The girls in the school wear Hijab as part of their uniform; the boys follow the uniform code as prescribed by the Ministry of Education.

    The Trigger to the Confrontation

    The events that triggered the protest by students and the community of the Akhriya based Al Diaa school dates back over several years of interference and back-and-forth dialogue with the Ministry of Education. Over a year ago, the Ministry of Education gave a DIRECT order to the school administration enumerated herewith:
    A). To stay open on Fridays. In other words, Fridays to be a school day like any other public schools – to adapt the current national weekend holiday, i.e., Saturday and Sunday.
    B). To “REMOVE THEIR HEADSCARF” and get in line with what the Ministry of Education’s vision of the “contemporary Eritrean student” body adheres to
    C). To mix boys and girls in classrooms through high school instead of the way it is right now, up to middle school
    D). To immediately stop teaching Arabic and Religion (part of its curriculum and instruction)


    When the above order arrived, the school board took its grievances and had several meetings with the Ministry of Education. As a compromise, they agreed to open the school on Fridays and adapt the Saturday & Sunday holiday, and was open to incorporating the mixing of girls and boys in same classroom in future academic years. But the ministry insisted on all or none approach, and demanded removal of headscarf and stopping the curriculum of religion as a subject.

    Following the Chain of Command

    Failing at the compromise efforts, the school board took its appeal to the minister himself, and then to the office of Religious Affairs. After reviewing the case and similar cases filed by similar school administrators in other towns of Eritrea, such as Addi Gua’adad and Mendefera, among others; on several occasions, individual parents of students attending regular government ran schools were “ordered” to remove headscarf or face expulsion from school. The Office of Religious Affairs decided the order was unlawful and violated the religious rights of citizens. This ruling was shared with the ministry and matters seemed to have calmed down.
    However, about a year later, the head of the ministry’s branch of zoba maekel, Memhir Belay (of Asmara and its surroundings), called the leaders of the school board, chief among them , the now jailed Hajj Musa Mohamed Nur, and ordered them to surrender the school. Outraged, Hajj Musa is said to have told Memhir Belay that the board could not adhere to such unlawful act. The school board was called up to Asmara central police station and in the presence of police chief, they were told that this was a government proclamation that affected all private schools including St. Mary and Kidane Mehret schools.

    The Board Challenges the Proclamation

    The board members stated that the proclamation was never heard of, never published on government media, and that the ministry was, simply put, being hostile towards the Al Diaa School. Hajj Musa unequivocally and clearly told the ministry officials and the police that he would take the case back to the constituents: i.e., parents, members of the general assembly comprised of representatives of the 30+ mosques in Asmara, and members of the Islamic Awqaf (Islamic authority on relief which is a stake holder of the school in the event of any crisis). As promised, Hajj Musa led the meeting in objection to such hostile takeover as was heard on the video that has gone viral since. A day later, he was jailed along with scores of individuals deemed influential in this case.
    On Tuesday, October 31st, 2017, students, mothers, and the entire Akhriya community turned up in the school and upon hearing that the police have come to ask school officials to surrender the school keys and property. The police that came from 2 different police stations and the militias were overpowered and left (there is a video clip on this, which will be shared in due course).The crowd left marching towards Asmara downtown, stopped at the ministry’s door steps in protest until they were met with members of armed forces firing live ammunition to disperse the crowd.


    The latest word from Asmara is that the entire board has been rounded up and put in jail
    This is what happened!
    May peace and justice reign to all who wish it!
    Al Diaa Alumni Society (ADAS)

    **P.S. A disclosure of sorts is in order before I post this important factually verified narrative from Al Diaa Alumni Society (ADAS). I am not a member of this group, but was asked to serve as a conduit. I trust the Society is trying its best to dispel the disinformation and misinformation that have been running rampant since the incident of the subject in question

    Grateful to Mansur Ali from FB, on his own volition, translated the above entry into Arabic language below:
    November 5 at 5:37am ·

    هذه ترجمة جديدة، أنجزتها على عجل، أرجو أن تساعد القارئ في فهم الملابسات التي اكتنفت انتفاضة أسمرا
    منصور علي
    حقائق بشأن الاحتجاجات التي شهدتها أسمرا
    2 نوفمبر 2017،
    خريجو مدرسة ضياء
    أيها الأصدقاء…
    نتوقع أن الجميع قد بات مطلعا على الأحداث التي وقعت يوم الثلاثاء الماضي، 31تشرين الأول/أكتوبر 2017، حيث شهدت أسمرا احتجاجات شعبيّة، انطلقت من ضاحية “أخريّا”. وفي ظلِّ غياب وسائل إعلام مستقلة في إريتريا، ارتأت جمعية خريجي مدرسة ضياء، أن تقدّم لكم (الحقائق الصلبة والمؤكدة)، حتى تكونوا على بينة من الأمر.

    خلفية حول الموضوع:

    ظلّت مدرسة ضياء على مدار الـ 48 عاما الماضية توصد أبوابها في أيام الجمعة، توقيرا للإجازة الأسبوعية للمسلمين. وقد سمحت قوات الاحتلال التي تعاقبت على إدارة شؤون البلاد، باستمرار هذا التقليد على اعتبار أن مدرسة ضياء مدرسة خاصّة، أنشأها مواطنون في “حيّ أخريّا”، ومحيطها المجاور.
    تجدر الإشارة في هذا السياق، أن الفرق الوحيد بين مدرسة ضياء والمدارس العامّة الأخرى، أن مدرسة ضياء تقوم بتدريس اللغة العربية والقرآن (التربية الإسلامية)، ضمن مقررها الدراسي، على غرار المدارس الخاصّة المماثلة كالمدرسة الكاثوليكيّة (أتباع المذهب الكاثوليكي)، ومدارس محبر هوريت (أتباع طائفة السبتي ـ المجيئي، أو الأدفنتّست)، ومدارس البعثة السويدية (أتباع طائفة البروتستانت). المفارقة الموجعة، هو أن يحاول نظام وطني، تأميم هذه المدراس الخاصّة ويحولها إلى مدارس عامّة، مع أن كل المؤشرات تشير إلى نجاح تلك المدارس. بشكل خاص، تستطيع جمعية خريجي مدرسة ضياء أن تؤكد بكل ثقة وفخر أن مدرسة ضياء ظلّت طوال الخمسين سنة الماضية نموذجا للمدرسة الناجحة. والدليل على ذلك النجاح، نجده متجسدا في خريجي المدرسة، حيث نجد بين خرجيها
    كفاءات مهنية عالية المستوى، بكافة مجالات العمل.

    الملابسات التي أدّت إلى المواجهة بين المدرسة والحكومة:

    بما أن مدرسة الضياء مدرسة خاصّة، فقد قامت بوضع تصور تعليمي يتوافق مع قيم وتقاليد المجتمع الذي تقوم بخدمته. وانطلاقا من هذا الفهم، قرّرت المدرسة أن يجري تعليم البنين والبنات في مستوى الابتدائي والمتوسط في إطار تعليمي مختلط، على أن يتم الفصل بينهما عند المستوى الثانوي. ضمن ذلك، يقتضي التصور ارتداء الفتيات الحجاب في المدرسة فيما يلتزم الفتيان الزّي المدرسي الذي تحدده وزارة التربية والتعليم.

    أسباب تفجر الوضع:

    الأسباب التي أثارت الاحتجاجات التي قام بها تلاميذ وأهالي “أخريّا”، المجتمع الذي يحتضن مدرسة الضياء، تعود إلى سنوات خلت، تخللتها مواقف ومحاولات عديدة من التدخل في شؤون المدرسة وحوارات مع وزارة التعليم. فقبل عام، أعطت الوزارة توجيها مباشراً إلى إدارة المدرسة المعنية، يقضي بـ “:
    1- استمرار الدوام يوم الجمعة ـ بمعنى آخر، أن يكون يوم الجمعة يوماً مدرسياً، على غرار الدوام في المدارس العامّة الأخرى وبما يتماشى مع عطلة نهاية الأسبوع (يومي السبت والأحد)، المتبعة على المستوى الوطني.
    2-حظر الحجاب في المدرسة بما يتماشى مع رؤية وزارة التعليم المتصل بهيئة “الطالب الإريتري المعاصر”.
    3-السماح بالاختلاط بين الجنسين في الفصول الدراسية حتى المستوى الثانوي، عوضا عن الطريقة المتبعة في المدرسة (الابتدائي والمتوسط).
    4-التوقف فورا عن تدريس اللغة العربية والمواد الدينية (رغم أن هذه المواد تشكل جزءا أساسيا من منهجها التعليمي).
    عندما تلقت المدرسة التوجيهات أعلاها، أخذ مجلس إدارة المدرسة مهمة إيصال المظالم إلى الجهات المسؤولة وعقد عدة اجتماعات مع وزارة التعليم. في هذا السياق، قدمت المدرسة حلول من أجل تسوية الأمر مع الوزارة، وأبدت استعدادها لفتح المدرسة يوم الجمعة حتى يتوافق دوام المدرسة مع عطلتي السبت والأحد. ليس ذلك فحسب، بل أبدوا استعداهم لدمج الجنسين في الفصول الدراسية، ابتداء من الفصل الدراسي المقبل. غير أن الوزارة أصرت على عدم التنازل وطالبت بحظر الحجاب وإيقاف تدريس المقررات الدينية.

    مواصلة الحوار عبر القنوات الرسمية وفقا للتسلسل الهرمي:

    بعد فشل جهود التسوية الأولى، استأنف مجلس الإدارة مساعيه من جديد، فتقدم بمناشدة إلى وزير التعليم شخصيا، ثم إلى مكتب الشؤون الدينية المعني بمثل هذه المسائل. في هذا السياق، تم مراجعة واستعراض حالات مشابهة قدمتها إدارات المدارس في مدن إريترية أخرى، مثل “عدي غواداد” ومندفرا. وتبين أن أولياء الطلاب الذين يدرسون في المدارس التابعة للحكومة، قد أمروا في مناسبات كثيرة، إلى إزاحة الحجاب أو مواجهة الطرد من المدرسة. وبعد أن نظر مكتب الشؤون الدينية في تلك الحالات، وجد أن التوجيه غير قانوني وينتهك الحقوق الدينية للمواطنين. على هذا الأساس، قامت إدارة مدرسة الضياء بإعطاء نسخة من نص قرار مكتب الشؤون الدينية إلى وزارة التعليم، وبدأت الأمور بعدها تتجه للتهدئة.
    غير أن الأمور فيما يبدو لم تهمد تماما، فبعد مرور عام على ذلك الحوار، دعا رئيس فرع وزارة التعليم (في قطاع أسمرا والمناطق المجاورة لها)، قيادات إدارة المدرسة، وأمرهم بتسليم المدرسة إلى الوزارة. ولما في هذا القرار من اجحاف، فقد عبّر الحاج موسى عن امتعاضه نحوه وأخبر المسؤول، لا يمكن للمجلس أن يلتزم بمثل هذا القرار غير المشروع. على إثر ذلك، تم استدعاء إدارة المدرسة إلى مركز شرطة أسمرا المركزي، حيث قيل لهم، إن هذا التوجيه الحكومي ينطبق على جميع المدارس الخاصّة، بما فيهم مدارس “سانت ماري”، ومدارس “كيداني مهريت”.

    اعتراض المجلس على القرار الإعلان

    في سياق اعتراض مجلس إدارة المدرسة على القرار، ذكر أعضاءه بأنهم لم يسمعوا بهذا “الإعلان” من قبل، بل ولم يتمّ نشره بوسائل الإعلام الحكومية، كل ما في الأمر، أن الوزارة ببساطة تعادي مدرسة الضياء. وقد عبّر الحاج موسى بشكل صريح وواضح لمسؤولي الوزارة والشرطة، بأنه سيعيد القضية إلى الهيئات المكوِّن لإدارة المدرسة: أولياء الأمور وأعضاء الجمعية العمومية المؤلفة من ممثلين عن المساجد التي يربو عددها عن الثلاثين، أعضاء هيئات الأوقاف الإسلامية (التي تعتبر صاحبة السلطة في مجال الإغاثة والمسؤولة عن المدرسة في حال حدوث أي أزمة). وكما وعد في ذلك التصريح، فقد تولى الحاج موسى إدارة الاجتماع الذي انتشرت تفاصيله عبر الفيديو الذي انتشر على نطاق واسع، عبّر من خلاله عن اعتراضه على استيلاء الوزارة على المدرسة على ذلك النحو العدائي. بعد مضي يوم واحد على ذلك الاجتماع، قامت السلطات باعتقال الشيخ موسى مع عشرات الأشخاص من المؤثرين في تلك القضية.
    وفي يوم الثلاثاء الموافق 31 تشرين الأول /أكتوبر 2017، توجّه الطلاب والأمهات وكافة أهالي “أخريّا”، إلى المدرسة بعد أن تناهى إلى سمعهم وصول الشرطة إلى مقر المدرسة لتطلب من إدارتها تسليم المفاتيح والممتلكات. تمكن الأهالي التغلب على الشرطة (ا القادمة من مركزيين مختلفين) واجبروها على مغادرة المدرسة (بحوزتنا فيديو حول هذا الأمر، سيتم نشره في الوقت المناسب). بعد ذلك، توجّه حشد الأهالي إلى وسط المدينة وتوقفوا أمام بوابة الوزارة احتجاجا على موقفها من المدرسة، حتى داهمهم أفراد من القوات المسلحة وأطلقوا اتجاههم ذخائر حيّة، لتفريق جموعهم.

    التطورات الأخيرة:

    آخر الأنباء القادمة من أسمرا تفيد بأن السلطات هناك قامت باعتقال جميع أعضاء مجلس الإدارة…
    هذا باختصار ما جرى بمدرسة الضياء، مع تمنياتنا أن يتوافر السلام والعدل لكل أولئك الذين يبحثون عنهما!

    Grateful to an Eritrean who wished to stay anonymous, on his own volition, also translated the English entry above into Tigrinya language below:

    ዕግርግር ኣብ ኣስመራ፡ ክዉን ነገራት
    ብ ማሕበር ተመሃሮ-ነበር ኣል ዲያእ
    Diaa Alumni Society (ADAS)**
    2 Nov 2017

    ሰላም ደቂ ሃገር

    ብዝሓለፈ 31 October 2017 ካብ ኣኽርያ ብዝተላዕለ ሰላማዊ ስልፊ፡ ማእከል ኣስመራ ኣጥለቕሊቓ ውዒላ። ነጻ ዝኾና ማዕከናት-ወረ ኣብ ዘይብሉ ሃገር ዝመንጨወ ጌጋ ሓበሬታ ካብ ምስማዕ፡ ማሕበር ተመሃሮ-ነበር ኣል ዲያ (ADAS) እቲ ክውን ነገራት ባዕላ ከተቕርበልኩም መሪጻ።

    ድሕረ ባይታ፥

    ንዝሓለፉ 48 ዓመታት ከም ሃይማኖታዊ ልምዲን ሕግን፡ ዓርቢ መዓልቲ ዕረፍቲ ተኸተልቲ ሃይማኖት እስላም፡ ቤት ትምህርቲ (ቤ/ት) ኣል ዲያእ ትዓጽዩ ይውዕል ነይሩ። እቶም ዝሓለፉ ክልተ ገዛእቲ መራሕቲ ኢትዪጵያ ነዚ ልምዲ ጠጠው ከብልዎ ዘይፈተኑ፡ ሎሚ እንሆ ናህና ንብሎ መንግስቲ ግላዊ ቤ/ትና ዝተፈላለየ ምኽንያት እንዳ ኣቕረበ ንክህግሮን ኣብ ትሕቲ ምምሕዳር መንግስቲ ንኸእትዎን ወሲኑ። ቤ/ት ኣል ዲያእ ልክዕ ከምቶም ናይ ካልእ ሃይማኖታት ዝኽተልዎ ናይ ሚኒስትሪን ናይ ባዕሎምን መደብ፡ ኣል ዲያእ ከኣ ኣብ ርእሲ ናይ ሚኒስትሪ መደባት፡ ዓረብኛን ትምህርቲ ቁርኣን ይምህር። ንሕና ኣባላት ማሕበር ተመሃሮ-ነበር ኣል ዲያእ ብዝርኣናዮን፡ ብናይ ኣስታት 50 ዓመታት ኣባላትና ኣብ ዝበጽሕዎ ዓቢ ደረጃ ኣብ ግምት ኣእቲና ክንርእዮ እንከሎና ቤ/ት ኣል ዲያእ እተበርክቶ ትምህርቲ ካብ’ቶም ዝበለጹ ከም ስኾነ ክንምስክር ንደሊ።

    ኣብዚ ዘብጸሐ ኩነታት፥

    ከም ሓደ ናይ ግሊ ቤ/ት፡ ቤት ትምህርቲ ኣል ዲያእ ንኣባላቱ ጽቡቕ ኢሉ ብዝኣምኖ መሰረት፡ ተመሃሮ ቀዳማይን ማእከካይ ደረጃን ኣዋልድን ኣወዳትን ኣብ ክፍሊ ተሓዋዊሶም ክመሃሩ፡ ተመሃሮ ካልኣይ ደረጃ ክኣ ኣዋልድን ኣወዳትን ተፈላልዮም ክመሃሩን፡ ኣዋልድ መንዲል ርእሲ ክሽፈና፡ ኣወዳት ክኣ ከምቲ ምኒስቴር ትምህርቲ ዝወሰኖ ክለብሱ እዩ መዲቡ


    ሕጂ ኩነታት ኣብዚ በጺሕዎ ዘሎ ደረጃ ክበጽሕ ዝኸኣለ ናይ ቀረባ ዘይኮነስ ናይ ነዊሕ ዓመታት ኢድ መንግስቲ ዘለዎ ምስ ትምህርቲ ሚኒስቴር ዘይምስምማዕ ዝመልኦ ከርክርን፡ ቤ/ት ኣል ዲያእ ነዞም ዝስዕቡ ነጥብታት ክትግበር ብዝተሓተተሉ ምኽንያት እዩ።
    1) ቤ/ት ኣል ዲያ ከም እቶም ናይ መንግስቲ ቤት ትምህርትታት፡ ዓርቢ ተኸፊቱ ክውዕል፡ ቀዳምን ሰንበትን ግን በቲ ዘሎ ቀዳምን ሰንበትን መዓልታት ንዕረፍቲ ክዕጾ፣
    2) ኣዋልድ ሽፋን ርእሲ ገዲፈን ምስቲ ኣረኣእያ ሚኒስቴር ትምህርቲ ዝደልዮ “ዘመን ዝሓለወ” ኣቀራርባ ተመሃሮ ኤርትራ ክኸዳ፣
    3) ኣወዳትን ኣዋልድን ተመሃሮ ካልኣይ ደረጃ ክትሓዋወሱ፥
    4) ቤት ትምህርቲ ኣል ዲያ ዓረብኛን ትምህርቲ ሃይማኖት ምምሃር ከቛርጽ፣

    ስምምዕ ዝተበጽሓሉ ነጥብታት፥

    እዞም ኣብ ላዕሊ ዝተጠቕሱ ሕቶታት ምስ ተሓተቱ፡ ቤ/ት ኣል ዲያእ ተደጋጋሚ ኣኼባታት ምስ ምኒስቴር ትምህርቲ ድሕሪ ምክያዱ፡ ዓርቢ ቤ/ት ንኽክፈት፡ ከምኡውን ኣወዳትን ኣዋልድን ካልእይ ደረጃ ኣብ ዝመጽእ ዓመት ምትሕውዋስ ክጅምሩ ተሰማሚዑ።

    ምኒስቴር ትምህርቲ ግን ኩለን ነጥብታት ኣብ ተግባር ክውዕላ ኣለወን ኢሉ ነቒጹ። ድሕሪ እዚ ኣመሓደርቲ ቤ/ት ኣል ዲያእ ቐጥታ ናብ ሚኒስተር ትምርቲን ናብ ሓላፊ ኣመሓዳድራ እምነት/ሃይማኖት ይግባይ ኣቕሪቦም። ነዚ ጥርዓን ቤ/ት ኣል ዲያእ ምስ ናይ ካልኦት ቤት ትምህርትታት ዓዲ ጓዕዳድ፡ መንደፈራ ዝኣመሰሉ ደሚሮም ድሕሪ ምምርማሮም፡ ክስብ ናይ ግሊ ቤ/ት ሓሊፎም ብተወሳኺ ንተመሃሮ ናይ መንግስቲ ዝከታተሉ ንቤተሰበን በብሓደ፡ ኣዋልዶም ሽፋን ርእሲ ምልባስ ንኸቛርጻን መጠንቐቅታ ምሃብን፡ እንተዘየተግበሩ ከኣ ካብ ቤት ትምህርቲ ከብ ዝስጎጋን ኣጠንቒቖም።

    እቲ መንግስታዊ ኣመሓዳድራ እምነት/ሃይማኖት ግና እዚ ናይ ምኽልካል ተግባራት ንመሰል እምነት ግለሰብ ዝግህስ እዩ ብማለት ስለዝተቓወመን፡ ንምኒስትሪ ዝለዝሓበረን፡ እቲ ምትህልላኽ ዝሒሉ ጸኒሑ።
    ግና ድሕሪ ሓደ ዓመት፡ ናይ ዞባ ማእከል ናይ ሚኒስተር ተወካሊ፡ መምህር በላይ፡ ነቶም ኣመሓደርቲ ቤ/ት ኣል ዲያእ ምስ ሓላፊኦም፡ እዞም ሕጂ ተኣሲሮም ዘለዉ ሓጂ ሙሳ መሓመድ ኑር፡ ጸዊዑ ቤ/ት ኣል ዲያእ ንከረክብዎ ሓተቶም።
    ሓጂ ሙሳ መሓመድ ኑር ብቑጥዓ ንመምህር በላይ ነዚ ሕጋዊ ዘይኮነ ትእዛዝ፡ ኣመሓድራ ቤ/ት ከምዘይክተሎ ገሊጾምሎም። ድሕሪዚ ኣባላት ኣመሓድራ ቤ/ት ናብ ፖሊስ ኣጸዊዖም፡ ቤ/ት ኣል ዲያእ ጥራይ ዘይኮነስ፡ እዚ መንግስታዊ ትእዛዝ ንቅድስቲ ማሪኣምን መድሃኔ ኣለምን ቤ/ቲ ከምዘጠቓልል ተነጊርዎም።

    ውሳነ ኣመሓድራ ቤ/ት ኣል ዲያእ፥

    ኣመሓድራ ቤ/ት፡ እዚ ውሳነ ዘይተሰምዐ፡ ብዕሊ ኣብ መንግስታዊ ጋዜጣ ዘይወጸ ብምዃኑ፡ ከም ጸረ ቤ/ት ኣል ዲይእ ዝወጸ ኢና ንግምቶ ብምባል፡ ሓጂ ሙሳ ብቓሎም ንሕብረተሰብና ከነማኽር ኢሎም ወሰኑ። ሕብረተሰብ ማለት ቤተሰብ ተመሃሮ፡ ምሩጻት ተወከልቲ ቤ/ት፡ ወከልቲ ልዕሎ 30 መስጊዳት ኣስመራን ኣባላት ኣቕዋፍ እዮም።
    ከም ቃሎም ክኣ ሓጂ ሙሳ ሕብረተሰብ ኣኪቦም ነዚ ዘይ ሕጋዊ ህገራ ቤ/ት ብምቅዋም ነት ኣብ ዝተፈላለየ ምዕከናት ቪድዮ ዝተዘርግሐ ኣስምዑ። ንጽባሒቱ ከኣ ሓጂ ሙሳ ምስ ብዙሓት እዚ ጉዳይ ዝምልከቶም ሰባት ትኣስሩ።
    ንሰሉሱ 31 October 2017 ከኣ፡ ተመሃሮ፡ ኣዴታት፡ ኩሎም ተቐማጦ ኣኽርያ ተኣኪቦም ቤ/ት ኣል ዲያእ ንክቛጻጸሩ ንዝመጹ ፖሉስ ንምግዓት ናብ ቤ/ት መጹ፡ ነቶም ምሊሻ ውን ከምዝምለሱ ገበርዎም (ነጺ ዘርኢ ቪደኦ ኣብ ዝጥዓመና መዓልቲ ክንዝርግሕ ኢና)። ድሕሪ እዚ እኩብ ህዝቢ ንማእከል ኣስመራ ናብ ቤ ጽሕፈት ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ ብምኻድ ተቓውምኦም ከስምዕ ከለው ዕጡቓት ወተሃደራት መጺኦም ብተኹሲ በተንዎም።

    ሕጂ ኩነታት ኣበይ ኣሎ፥

    ኣብ መወዳእታ ዝመጸና ወረ ከምዝሕብሮ፡ ኣባላት ምምሕዳር (board members) ብኹሎም ተኣሲሮም ይርከቡ
    ሰላምን ፍትሕን ኣብ ደለይቱ ንኽሰፍን ንምኖ።

    • Kbrom

      ኣንቱም ደቂ ዒስራ
      ወርጠበ ሰብ መስተራ
      ሩሕኩም ምስ ሓይላ
      ህይወትኩም ብደዋ ከላ
      ደቂ 90 ሰለስተ ጾግሪ ዞብቆሉ
      ምእንቲ ፍትሒ ካብ ተላዕሉ
      ተገላቢጦሽ ኮይኑ ዘመኑ
      ኢልኩም ኣውጁ ፍርህኹም ተኣመኑ
      ውዑይ ሓይሊ ዝብል ስም መንንዎ
      እቲ ኣረጊት ዝብል ስም ንስኹም ተኸደንዎ
      ኣረጋውያን ፍሕትሕት እንዳበሉ
      ንስኹም ዕምርኹም ብእዋኑ
      ጸሓይ ከላ ካብ በለኩም ገብገብ
      መዓንጣ ከሎ ካብ በለኩም ሕግብግብ
      ሙቱ እምበር ዓለም ዶ ትጽገብ

  • Beyan
    • Ismail AA

      Dear Dr. Beyan,
      Thank you. This is best New Year’s gift one could share. I will keep this as long as I live.

      • Beyan

        Kbur Ismail AA,

        You’re welcome. This is for the history books. If we can chronologically recapture all what occurred between 31 October 2017 to 31 December 2017, a narrative will begin to emerge. I realize this won’t be easy to do. There is the demonstration side of things; the new poets and essayists, songs and numerous analysis of the event who gave their perspectives through the spoken words and the written words, etc. At minimum though the fundamental optics need to accompany this important designation that the AT wisely enshrined Aboy Musa the title of “The Man of the Year”.


  • Kokhob Selam
    • Beyan

      Selam KS,

      You just gave me an idea, this is where we should all share as a tribute, you know, songs, poems, and the like. In the future should there be any need to revisit the topic, say, a historian wishes to do a project based on the Akhriya uprising that was prompted by Aboy Musa. The original video clip has yet to make it. I will find it and post it here. Meanwhile, here one fantastic poem by a young man, Abrar wedi Denmark, who captures the microcosm nature of Akhriya:

      • Kokhob Selam

        Yes.. Beyan …You got it..

        What a poem? Nice …really ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

        You are forcing me to put about bee and bee products digital file prepared by me in sound cloud..It will sure be here within a week.


  • Peace!

    Hi all,

    Well deserved! ጅግና ሐጂ ሙሳ has bravely demonstrated he is a man of principle and dignity, and leaving a valuable lesson for generations to come.

    ሐጅ ሙሳ ሕጂውን ኣብ መትከልካ
    ጸላም ናይ እስሪ ቤቶም ዕጅብ ከይበለካ
    ፍጹም ድሉው ንሞት ምእንቲ ክብረትካ
    ደምበርከ ይፈልጡ እዮም ወዲ 93 ምኻንካ
    በል መሀሮም ጽንዓት እንታይ ምኻና
    ታሪኽ ግን ኣይምሕሮምን እዩ እንተስኻሞ ናይ ጀጋኑ ጅግና


  • Haile S.

    Dear Awate Team,
    Great choice! A well deserving man of the year who defied the powerful through reasoning and principle.

    ሰብኣይ እንሃለ ተረኺቡ
    ገሊኡ ብፍርሂ ጀብጂቡ
    ገሊኡ ብእግሩ ተሓምቢቡ
    ገሌና ኩዲጭ ኢሰያስ እንየዘይቆሪቡ
    ኣቦይ ሓጂ ወጸ፡ ገጽ ንገጽ ዕጭ እብለይ ተዛሪቡ

  • Haile Zeru

    Hi all,
    Happy new year.

    ዓውተ ምን ሰብር ቱ፡ ወሰብር ምን አማን፡ ዎ አማን ምን ረቢ።

    Hajji Mussa has all the elements of the above proverb.

    He is truly the man of the year and I hope he will live to see the demise of the dictator.



  • Ahmed Idris

    Thank you Hajje Musa Mohamed Nur , due to your unprecedented courage, the Eritrean people has destroyed the fear barriers..and can see a light at the end of the tunnel..

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Hello Awate Team,

    A well deserved recognition to a man of “a symbol of courage” Abona Hajji Mussa. The fertile womb of Eritrea has never stopped from giving birth men of “principles and courages” and will continue to do so from generation to generation.

    Happy New Year Deki Awate. ዓመት ሓርነት ህዝብና ይግበሮ:: Amen.

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear AT,,

    That was a great title..for the man who says “NO” to the ugly PFDJ admin..2 times..( The one to hand over the the school and the one when the government told him to mover from prison ),,”You can carry my dead body…”


  • Ismail AA

    Dear AT members,

    Let me express my appreciation for this judicious and timely decision. The selection of Hajji Musa as man of the year is not only a deserving recognition of him as an embodiment of the meaning and purpose of the ongoing struggle for liberation and justice, but also as recognition of him as courageous and selfless current spokesman of the entire freedom seeking movement of Eritrea. I can imagine many among the leaderships of the depressingly fractious opposition forces would pause, reflect and learn from leadership quality this nonagenarian has illuminatingly demonstrated. Historians who shall record the lines about Akhria on October 31, 2017 shall have better chance than contemporaries and current affairs geeks to put Hajji Musa’s resumé in proper context that shall make posterity feel proud.