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Eritreans Are Forced to Be Obsessed with Ethiopia

Your Excellency Prime minister Abiy Ahmed,

Happy New Year to you, your family and the people of our region.

Last April I was elated by your election to the position of Prime Minister, and for the first few days, I was very optimistic and very impressed with the way you handled the myriad of Ethiopian crisis. Sadly, that admiration waned quickly, after which it was an anti-climax when you gravitated towards Isaias Afwerki, the tormentor of Eritreans. Worse, you embraced the chauvinists of Abyssinia, both Eritreans and Ethiopians, whom you attracted like a queen bee. That is where I lost you.

I also used to like your predecessor Mr. Hailemariam Desalegn until he spoiled it by posing with Mengistu Hailemariam in a tasteless move as if he was making a point.

Until then, I had one serious misgiving towards the EPRDF whose policy of institutionalizing and reviving ethnic nationalism I thought was a time bomb. But I must confess; initially, I did consider it just an experiment and consoled myself believing it was not my business. But gradually I became disillusioned when I witnessed a frantic move to impose that system in Eritrean politics.

I was aggravated when the EPRDF, through the so-called Sana’a Forum, treated the Eritrean struggle as an intelligence project and steered it with policies devised to manage lackeys and servile elements.

Your Excellency,

In fact, out of the many names that were floating for the top position, I predicted (almost betted with an Ethiopian friend) that you will win—later I joked with that friend telling him not to underestimate my political aroma sniffing skill.

Dear prime minister, I hope you understand some of us are too focused on Eritrean affairs, particularly its reckless leader, and its isolationist ruling party. I can’t help but take a stand on issues based on how it reflects on the common Eritrean vis a vis the PFDJ. Unfortunately, that is where you failed me and many others.

In my eyes, all your much-talked-about peaceful gestures, reformist pronouncements, and cleverly crafted political messages, like the infamous Medemer slogan (Major Dawit Invited Me to Dr. Abiy’s Medemer Class) quickly became vague and colorless messages. However, still, I cannot help but admire the way you craft your messages to the extent that it feels like you are on a perpetual campaign trail, always poised to win.

Until the PFDJ injustice forced me to change my personality and my priorities, I was a marketing professional. Therefore, it was natural for me to admire your presentations, campaigns, and other promotional tactics that I considered a work of genius. I don’t think any world-grade advertising or PR agency would have come with better marketing plans. Very impressive indeed.

Mr. prime minister, the government that you replaced was busy molding and shaping the Eritrean opposition and preparing it as a tool for its own interest; but you, like a municipal officer confiscating the wares of the poor Mercato Chercharo, simply dropped it on an old rug, wrapped it, and threw it over the nearest cliff you came across.

Please understand that I am not accusing you of not babysitting the Eritrean opposition; I am also not accusing you of failing to see the ramifications of your actions. That is because I would be foolish to believe you didn’t understand the gravity of sidelining Eritreans in your quest for peace… though strangely, you chose to make a deal with a tyrant, over an air corridor, that connects you with the toll collector alone, the notorious Isaias Afwerki! I ask myself, why would Dr. Abiy think he can achieve peace with a dictator in isolation of the stakeholders? Worse, how could Ethiopia coexist peacefully with Eritrea only over the air by avoiding Tigrai?

My second disappointment is your selective gestures–while you empowered the forces of disarray that wreaked havoc for centuries all over the region, you seem to create other force (or forces) that might wreak equal havoc in the region again!

Mr. prime minister, during my first ever visit to Ethiopia in 1991, I noticed the mood—a serious anti-TPLF sentiment by the sympathizers of the two previous Ethiopian regimes. At that time, the EPLF was in cahoots with the TPLF and it shared the wrath of those elements equally when it cemented an exclusive friendship that alienated all others who didn’t belong to the two organizations. I thought it was natural and will evolve in time, and things will balance out. I honestly believe the balancing was going on in Ethiopia, albeit the slow pace. On the contrary, nothing was happening in Eritrea except more suffering. As expected, the PFDJ would not have enough consolidation of power even when it controlled every economic, military, and political power in Eritrea. And it became more ruthless by the day to the extent we began to question the goal of our long struggle! Eritreans felt betrayed, wronged, and humiliated as a nation when you went out of your way to throw a life buoy to save the Eritrean dictator.

I do not mean to question your knowledge about the decades of sufferings that we went through, but I think you were in your teens when that was happening—I can’t blame you since you were just a young boy like all other boys. Now imagine people suffering since you were in middle school… and still suffering! And there are other disturbing signs that do not bode well with people who aspire to see peace reign in our region.

Last week I watched a rally in Gondar where a chauvinist person, clad in fatigues, strapped with ammunition belts, adorned with a Kalashnikov rifle, while he ranted about occupying Tigrai, and bringing back the factories from there, to Gondar I presume. How is that kind of hate speech being delivered under your watch? How is it possible for hundreds of thousands of people to be displaced because of violence and communal strife under your watch? How has Wellega turned into a war zone under your watch? How is it possible that citizens cannot move inside Ethiopia freely in certain regions unless they belong to certain ethnicities? How is it that minorities like the Harrari and other people feel threatened in their own homes under your watch?

Dear Prime Minister,

Corruption is rampant in many countries; only countries that dealt with the root causes of corruption have succeeded in establishing an equitable, just, and honest societies. The main solution is obviously the supremacy of the Rule of Law and its spread, which includes reward and punishment, as well as transparency and accountability under the law. And though financial corruption takes precedence, many other aspects of corruption are more crippling and lethal to a society. Unfortunately, financial corruption is easy to understand, easy to communicate, and an effective populist message that people can relate to.

Your anti-corruption drive seems to have veered into the partisan political sphere. It’s common knowledge that in its populist perception, the famous slogan, ye qen jiboch (the daylight hyenas) have come to signify a certain group more than the rest.

I have visited Ethiopia many times and I have seen enough; the entire economy was corrupt. But understandably, anywhere in the world, transforming a command economy–a socialist one at that–to a free market economy goes through the despicable corrupt route. Naturally, in the long run, since that problem is structural, only institutionalization and rule of law can resolve it. True, the journey starts with bringing suspects to the courts though it has to be, and look, legally bound–away from a political witch-hunt. So far, the fanfare and the media trials, accompanied with dangerous insinuations and raw nerve massaging, was a corruption disguised as a fight against corruption and it reeks of a corrupt political muscle flexing. As such, in a country with shaky ethnic composition, disturbed with regional agitations, it may prove to be very damaging to the Ethiopian (and the region’s) quest for peace.

Mr. Prime Minister, I have followed the developments of the Ethiopian opposition factions and their leaders for a long time. For now, let me throw the spotlight on Dr. Berhanu Negga–though in my eyes, he still remains guilty of promoting Isaias–I believe he has come a long way. He appears to be a true patriot, qualified, and for many reasons, less susceptible to financial corruption. Why is it that moderates like him are in the shadows while the spotlight is beaming over the Derg operatives (the Qey Bahrachin lots) and ancient regime worshippers? That, as an Eritrean, worries me a lot.

Mr. Prime Minister, writing this message was not easy, I hesitated so much because I was afraid it would reinforce the impression that Eritreans are too obsessed with Ethiopia. Understandably, a layman would ask: why so much interest in Ethiopia when Eritreans have enough problems of their own? But as an avid student of the history of the region, I was always subjected to a repeated watching of many movies badly produced in Ethiopia, and one more movie starring the Red Sea is about to be shown again! The same tormenting, scratchy, badly directed movie with unrefined actors.

That is why the obsession of Eritreans with anything Ethiopian is justifiable: 1) It’s the feudal chauvinists who are obsessed with Eritrea due to, A) Primordial imperial romance, and B) Inter-Abyssinian rivalry, and 2) the Eritrean side suffers of, A) Hate and grudges conceived by the elite, and B) General popular anxiety and mistrust.

A few years ago I spoke at a function and tried to identify our mutual problems. I held (and still hold) the problems are mainly caused by inter-Abyssinian rivalry. Many people appreciated my input while many others hated my guts for spelling it out, or thought it was too sensitive an issue. Unfortunately, the topic was, and still is, a taboo. Of course, such topics are too sensitive to be handled by people like that man who spoke at a rally in Gonder. But I have to mention that Meles Zenawi was the most senior person who acknowledged my argument. When I met him for an interview in 2011, he said to me, “I read your speech and you make compelling arguments.” It’s a weighty remark.

It’s with the above in mind that I tried my best to elevate the debate where intellectuals, scholars (and preferably reputable institutions) can take a lead. I made proposals, talked and appealed to people, but the power that be, politicians who do not recognize a role for anyone but themselves, stone-walled my initiatives that got nowhere, utter failure.

In short, Mr. Prime Minister, if you were the angel of death and you gave Isaias a chance to tell you his last wish before you snatched his life, his last wish will obviously be: ‘Oh Angel of death, destroy the TPLF for me!’ It’s an obsession. And unfortunately, I believe he is playing Ethiopians for that purpose. It is not the fight of the region’s people.

Last week I read that your government approved a bill to create a reconciliation commission. Not to undermine your other activities, but I believe that is the most important project you will ever undertake. Incidentally, reconciliation has always been my goal and my wish for the people of the region. That kind of endeavor lays the groundwork for the long-term stability and prosperity of Ethiopia and the entire region. It’s a long overdue move and it’s of utmost importance. I wish you luck from the bottom of my heart–I believe the focus on ethnicity has run its course and it has become a scary liability for peace and prosperity. But what do I know of such problems? I know a little, and here is a first-hand observation:

In 2011 I stayed in a small hotel in Hawassa where I met Mulatu, a young man in his early twenties, who was the errand boy at the hotel. All the guest at the hotel ordered him around to do their errands: Mulatu, can you call a shoeshine boy! Can you get me a cigarette from the shop, etc… He survived on the small change the guests gave him for his services. At the hotel, there were local police officers who stood guard 24 hours a day. I asked Mulatu, “you have high school education and you’re more fit than the guards, why don’t you join the police force instead of living as an errand boy and wasting your life?” He looked at me almost in tears, “Gashe, I was born and raised here, but I am an Amhara and they would not hire me to join the police force.” It was a sad revelation to me and I asked him, “then, why don’t you go to the Amhara region?” To which he replied, “here is where I was born and raised, this is my place even if I belong to a different ethnic group.”

The little understanding of ethnic federation I had was lost after I talked to Mulatu. I hated it–the thought of that kind of system being implemented in Eritrea sent shivers down my spine.

Mr. Prime Minister,

Funnily, our dictator has given you the mandate to lead Eritrea! He could have meant it as a sign of humility which confusingly enough doesn’t exist in his vocabulary.  However, though minuscule, that joke gives me an excuse to engage you in Eritrean affairs which disappointedly, is lost on the Ethiopian media which took it lightly. However, after months of disappointing opinions of the Ethiopian journalist and intellectuals, I am elated—the euphoria has evaporated, a few people have started to sober down, and they are beginning to expose the sufferings of Eritreans under the tyrant, “ISSU”.

Like all underdeveloped countries, our region suffers from ethnic, regional, sectarian, and many other ills that don’t encourage the respect of the rights of citizens. Even now as you are preparing for your next election, I am perplexed thinking about the possibility of building a nation-state without advancing and respecting the right of citizens, in alienation of their sub-national identities. All successful nation-states in the world are anchored on a foundation of the rights of citizens—the Magna Carta, The Bill of Rights, etc. I am not sure if a system standing on clannish and other sub-national identities can build a successful nation-state? However, I recognize that realities dictate the policies of any government, but all that can be challenged successfully if the journey ultimately leads to unifying the people as citizens by rejecting the damaging statuesquo. We all need a system that doesn’t disadvantage minorities–and not in an affirmative action process alone, but–based on a true foundation of equality of citizens. That is a challenge that faces all our region and beyond, and I wish you luck.

Finally, Mr. Prime Minister, the obsession of Ethiopians with Eritrea (the Red Sea to be specific) has always been our nightmare and still, it is. For me, if the Red Sea is of no benefit to Eritreans (and to the people of Dankalia in particular) I wouldn’t shed a drop of tear if it dries up and no drop of water is left in it. And if Assab cannot serve Ethiopia (as I have articulated many times “Unusual: Imagining Asseb Through Djibouti”), it’s like a shop owner in a neighborhood who boycotts all the residents of the neighborhood–what is the wisdom in wishing to trade with a people with whom you are at odds?

The damage is deep. Wrong understanding of sovereignty, the blind nationalist type, has prevented people from getting closer on issues that matter: Justice, peace, and prosperity. It’s only then that developments take their natural course and evolve into an ideal situation without fear, without wars, and without bloodshed.

Dear Mr. Prime Minister, I wish you luck, and also wish you wisdom in distancing yourself from political lepers. That could be seen as my selfish wishes, but you know my selfish wish goes beyond me and engulfs the entire region. And my selfish instincts tell me I cannot enjoy a peaceful existence while my neighbors are at each other’s throats.

Related Reading:
Major Dawit Woldegiorgis: More Of Red Tears (July 2, 2009)
Unusual: Imagining Asseb Through Djibouti  (June 3, 2011)
Major Dawit Invites Me to Dr. Abiy’s Addition Class (July 16, 2018)

About Saleh "Gadi" Johar

Born and raised in Keren, Eritrea, now a US citizen residing in California, Mr. Saleh “Gadi” Johar is founder and publisher of awate.com. Author of Miriam was Here, Of Kings and Bandits, and Simply Echoes. Saleh is acclaimed for his wealth of experience and knowledge in the history and politics of the Horn of Africa. A prominent public speaker and a researcher specializing on the Horn of Africa, he has given many distinguished lectures and participated in numerous seminars and conferences around the world. Activism Awate.com was founded by Saleh “Gadi” Johar and is administered by the Awate Team and a group of volunteers who serve as the website’s advisory committee. The mission of awate.com is to provide Eritreans and friends of Eritrea with information that is hidden by the Eritrean regime and its surrogates; to provide a platform for information dissemination and opinion sharing; to inspire Eritreans, to embolden them into taking action, and finally, to lay the groundwork for reconciliation whose pillars are the truth. Miriam Was Here This book that was launched on August 16, 2013, is based on true stories; in writing it, Saleh has interviewed dozens of victims and eye-witnesses of Human trafficking, Eritrea, human rights, forced labor.and researched hundreds of pages of materials. The novel describes the ordeal of a nation, its youth, women and parents. It focuses on violation of human rights of the citizens and a country whose youth have become victims of slave labor, human trafficking, hostage taking, and human organ harvesting--all a result of bad governance. The main character of the story is Miriam, a young Eritrean woman; her father Zerom Bahta Hadgembes, a veteran of the struggle who resides in America and her childhood friend Senay who wanted to marry her but ended up being conscripted. Kings and Bandits Saleh “Gadi” Johar tells a powerful story that is never told: that many "child warriors" to whom we are asked to offer sympathies befitting helpless victims and hostages are actually premature adults who have made a conscious decision to stand up against brutality and oppression, and actually deserve our admiration. And that many of those whom we instinctively feel sympathetic towards, like the Ethiopian king Emperor Haile Sellassie, were actually world-class tyrants whose transgressions would normally be cases in the World Court. Simply Echoes A collection of romantic, political observations and travel poems; a reflection of the euphoric years that followed Eritrean Independence in 1991.

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  • Brhan

    Hi Hope
    Thanks for introducing your input that you said you heard its communicator for the first time ….you do not have to make an oath that you listened to him for the first time to bring him to AWATE.COM. I like those who oppose to have guts BUT I hate them when they tell a lie.

  • Brhan

    H A P P Y NEW YEAR AND ርሑስ ልደት for my Christian brothers and sisters

    Abiy Ahmed knows that PIA is a dictator who is bad to his people.

    If you listen to his speeches he never mentioned PIA as a leader of Eritreans , but as a person Wedi Afey, Isu, and etc…and this shows that the man is smart not acknowledge a dictator as a leader of people.

    Dictators go, it is a matter of time. Abiy knows that what he doesn’t know is the is the damage he created to Eritreans.

    Abiy made a deal with the dictator but

    1. Eritrean political prisoners that include Muslim school children have increased
    2. The unlimited slavery type national service is still going on
    3. there is no rule of law….people are arrested with out trial
    4. there is no freedom of speech
    5. Eritreans are fleeing the country more than any time and are joining Eritrean refugees of 1960s…..Eritrean refugees in the Sudan are now in their 4th generation
    6. People, including gov’t officials like Wedi Efrem are shot and the gov’t hardly gives an info ….
    7. there is no freedom of religion
    8. there is no independent local or international media
    9. there is no freedom of gathering , peaceful demonstration
    10 There is only one political party PF (JD)
    WHAT TO DO
    1. To make our opposition groups that include members of the civic society to be active and not passive , initiate action and not only show reactions and help them draft and implement a strategy for anti PF(JD) platforms in the West
    2. Deliver our messages to Abiy , through petitions, social media specially Facebook and Twitter, peaceful demonstrations :” when it comes to Eritrea its people come first not the dictator
    3. Providing financial, intellectual and moral support to Eritrean website such as Awate which are serving Eritreans by news and information and fighting propaganda of the Eritrean State media and its publicity men and women in Europe and North America.

    May the year 2019 be year the suffering of people inside and outside Eritrea ends!

  • Blink

    Dear all
    Abiy is worth of everything you can imagine and this is only true if you are pro justice in which many people in this forum lacks .
    My 2009 wish is to see a stable east Africa region and that for the most part is a stable Ethiopia plus a nock down to the group who are running Eritrea without a bloodshed. Why I am wishing a stable Ethiopia is obvious and that’s the wish of any human except the weyane group. Many Eritreans who were at the Cheque of weyane are wishing for weyane to stay for the obvious reasons and these reasons are :
    1. To pay back weyane for the Hawasa journey
    2. To pay back for the weyane payment for different anti Eritrea expenses
    3. To find anyone who can help them raise Eritreans in trashing Eritreans history
    4. To get sympathizers who can put Eritrea on ethnic clashes .
    5. To get their revenge for the old stain of Korokon running.

    Why are the sagim and other known people rooting for weyane and for their wish they are saying “ Abiy is going to adapt Eritrea again” which totally false from the get go.

    The weyane cadre are warning Eritreans saying “ the Dergi are coming to you after they done with us . Again you can refer to Daniel Birhane , Senait mebrahtu, Alula Solomon and the so called Nuclear guy Mehari talkative . So what is the similarity between weyane cadre and Eritreans revenge group ? Well they have one plan and that is to put Eritrea in civil war . My personal opinion is that Abiy is a good guy and the only reason he is being attacked by weyane and many weyane goons in this forum is because he refused to put weyane shoes of bullets . The chance of getting second Abiy in the whole region is very slim but we all have the chance to promote his vision if we own any part of honesty .

    • Brhan

      Hi Blink,
      If you love Abiy then talk like him ….Abiy wants people to follow his attitude because he thinks that will bring a solution without a bloodshed . I believe you do not like his attitude and you want him want him crush the TPLF. If you were
      in his place ( and this if you are Ethiopian) do you follow his attitude or yours.?
      Catholic more than the Pople?
      As for Eritreans who oppose Abiy relations with Dictator Isays Afeworki, it is not the ones you mentioned but also include ordinary Eritreans who members of the civic society ….they have demonstrated against ABIY AND WILL CONTINUE to demonstrate to tell him that when it comes to Eritrea its people come first not DIA

  • Berhe Y

    Hi Hope,

    Bejaka ab LubKa temeles.

    You should listen to his video fight with his other member and they expose their secret and spill out.

    It seems he had a fall out with TPLF, and he has turned against then.

    But I despise TPLF if they were finiancing his hate speech videos against innocent and heroic Eritreans. Shame on them.

    I know TPLF is not made up of one or two people, but who ever was behind it’s really, really shameful.

    This Tesfasion guy is despicable creature and he will do and say anything for money.

    Berhe

    • Blink

      Dear Berhe
      Teafatsion was caught talking with top TPLF guys in Mekele . Tesfatsion was financed all the time by TPLF . Their aim was just the same to their act in the Eritreans opposition. TPLF financed many Eritrean oppositions like Sagim , Kunama , Afar , Saho, Baito as group and of course many activists who still express their love for weyane openly without shame . TPLF is an evil group who rooted to dismantle Eritrea or put one lousy guy who will do the job of Abdi illi in Somalia region. How does an old ex ELF people love weyane who dumped them in 80th , I mean what is the difference now ? What did they do for these people to give their service in the internet world for weyane ? Obviously you all know the reason .

      Weyane dream was to agitate Eritreans especially to raise up in arms to kill each other and call Eritrea the twin of Somalia.

      • Berhe Y

        Hi Blink,

        I may agree to what you said, but I do not accuse people without evidence.

        I believe the ERITREAN people are strong and united and they are capable of sniffing and throwing out anyone who tries to mess their unity. But I do not accuse ERITREANs who went to Ethiopia or anywhere, because they have no space to express themselves freely in their own country.

        I may disagree to some of what YG said and wrote, but I do not believe he is “a paid agent of weyane” or anyone else who wanted to see a failed Eritrea.

        I have a good friend who attested that to me and I trust his judgement.

        Berhe

      • Selam

        Selamat Blike,

        What is the problem if TPLF finance Sagim, Kunama, Afar, Saho and others. What was DIA doing, he was financing OLF, Gembot 7, ONL and other Ethiopian opposition groups. TPLF work hard to remove PFDJ and PFDJ to remove TPLE.
        There are also some Eritrean paid by DIA to spread lies and propaganda.

        Have a nice day.

        • Blink

          Dear selam
          Ethiopia is divided by ethnic politics and weyane plan was to send the same virus to Eritrea and for that to happen they have to finance everyone who is ethnic lunatic, their plan to divided Eritrea was just to cut Eritrea bit by bit ,Remember these who refuse to divide Eritrea across ethnic lines didn’t get a fraction of help from weyane . They financed an afar group who did not recognize the existence of Eritrea, they financed Islamists while they know Eritreans will not fall to that trap . Weyane and their babies get their medicine and now , you know the story . If you selam wanted to cry for them you have the forum because in Eritrea that will not happen. Power by affirmative action is all dream gone wrong.

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam Hope,

    These guy is anti-Eritrea and anti-Eritreans. Why did you bring him to this forum Eritrean website? Are you trying to give him a platform here? Can tell us why did it?

  • Haile S.

    Selam Hope,

    Are you okay? This person is against the essence and foundation of Eritrea. Eritrea became Eritrea because of its composition, its moslems and christians, its highlands and its lowlands, its ሽቋር ኣፍንጫ and ሰቛር እዝኒ, its elevation and extension from sea-level to close to 3000 meters altitude. This guy is against everything Eritrea represents. This guys works to dismember Eritrea. This guy is not Hope, but Hoplessness. ሓንቲ ዲም ከበሮ ሰሚዕካስ ምስኡ ክትሰዕስዕ?

  • Ismail AA

    Selam Hope,
    Are you serious? You are telling the reader to lend benefit of being heard to a convicted scoundrel whose crime was established at law court beyond reasonable doubt just because he used access to social media to peddle obsolete and parochial concept of a culture and identity of respected components of two neighbouring nation-states.

  • Peace!

    Hi hope,

    Sounds pretty much:

    “So wake me up when it’s all over
    When I’m wiser and I’m older
    All this time I was finding myself
    And I didn’t know I was lost” Avicii

    https://youtu.be/IcrbM1l_BoI

    Peace!

    • Hameed Al-Arabi

      Hi Peace,

      I wonder, how does a dead person wake you up?

      Al-Arabi

  • Amde

    Hello Awatistas,

    All day the news has been about Federal Police having encircled Getachew Aseffa’s house, while TPLF bigwigs duke it out to decide his fate. Whether that is true or nkt we will see, but it definitely would be the final act in the progressive Killil by Killil “Tedemirenal” song.

    But what I found interesting was Daniel Berhane’s post denying the supposed news. As quoted below, the implication is that TPLF is not the Tigray elite anymore, but that it is just one Tigrayan faction of three, of which the old Prince Ras Mengesha represents one, and General Tsadqan represents the other. Personally I think this is a very welcome development. I also happen to respect the Prince and the General. I have thought Dr. Debretsion was in a difficult position, where whatever his opinion, his job fundamentally was to communicate Tigrayans elite consensus to Addis Ababa.

    Whether Getachew is given up or not, this is a first welcome sign of normalcy in Tigrayan politics.

    ********************************
    ግን ህወሓትን ማን ወሳኝ አደረጋት?
    መረዳት ያለባችሁ ነገር፤ ዛሬ የትግራይን እጣ የሚወስነው በህወሓት አይደለም።
    ባለፉት አንድ ወር ግዜ ያስተዋልነው የዶ/ር ደብረጺዮን፣ የልኡል ራስ መንገሻ ስዩም እና የጄኔራል ጻድቃን ገ/ትንሳኤ ይፋዊ አቋም የትግራይ ኤሊት አቋምና ግፊት ውጤት ነው።
    የህወሓት አመራርም ቢሆን ከዚህ የተለየ አቋም ለመያዝ ቢሞክር የጠ/ሚ አብይ አህመድ ሪፐብሊካን ጋርድ ጉያ ውስጥ ሊወሸቅ አስቦ ካልሆነ በቀር ሌላ አማራጭ የለውም።
    ********†*******

    Amde

    • Abraham H.

      Dear Amde, but what guarantees do the tplf have for fair trials when it seems that PM Abiy is working to undermine them, esp considering he is the one who picks the positions at the federal level?

      • Amde

        Selam Abraham H.

        Well, I guess they will have to trust the system they put in place over the past couple of decades. They voted for Abiy at EPRDF level twice and once in Parliament since April. Lucky for them the system is infinitely kinder and fairer since then.

        On a more serious note, I suspect (I don’t know for a fact) their reckless sabotaging of Abiy over the past few months finally raised the ire of the international players behind the scene. The consequences of Ethiopian state failure in this day and age are simply staggering and unacceptable. If Getachew is indeed given up (no confirmation yet), that suggests serious turning of screws on TPLF bigshots.

        Amde

        • Mez

          Hi Amde,

          It seems that the high profile delegation from China is also, leaving a note in Addis, giving a new pitch in their bilateral relations.

          Thanks

        • Hayat Adem

          The Great Amde,
          Equating the Ethiopian state failure with capturing/not capturing of Getachew is like readying yourself for infinite hope of finding a pin in an ocean and for definite disappointment of seeing Ethiopia sinking down.
          Speaking of the international mood over events in Ethiopia, my take is Europe is confused, US is worried, China is in the darkness. Only my man IA seems to be in control of current events in Ethiopia.
          Two authors, one from Norway and another from Hawassa universities, jointly pieced an article that concluded: One of the biggest concerns is that the state’s capacity to maintain the rule of law and guarantee security is degenerating”.

          • Amde

            Hi Hayat,

            I actually think Abiy throwing big shots in the security to jail has chilled all the bottom ranks of the EPRDF. That is the core problem.

            Remember everybody in the various levels of state machinery was primarily there for being in one if the EPRDF or affiliated parties. As long as they had a protective patron from the top, they could do whatever the hell they liked – imprison, extort, torture – with total inpunity since the law did not apply to them. There was no island – you were in somebody’s network or you weren’t and if you weren’t then the best you can hope for is modest clean living at the lower levels of the bureaucracy.

            With the firing and imprisonment of big shots, the rules are not so clear any more. Thus, doubt among the armies of bureaucrats and officials as to the least risky of positions to take.

            That is the biggest one.

            Amde

    • Girmay

      Hello dear Amde, as intelligent as you are you are not able to see the fakness of medmir narrative. I see you are trying to champion for democracy, but do you think democray is possible with out the government been honest to its citizens?
      We the Ethiopian and Eritrean people have no clue what were their agreements?
      Amde give me an honest response, you think that closing the Eritrean and Ethiopian border meant goodwill toward the Eritrean and Ethiopian people?
      What sadness me is the Ethiopians that seem fair minded tend to look the other way on certain issues, as long as those issues don’t affect their ethnic groups?
      This Abie leader has been picking on Tigreans and Tigray since he came to power. For the first time in ESAT’s existence few days ago they had great discussion about the border closure.
      However, the leader Abie is too good to explain it to the public?
      Amde you think these are the characteristics of a democrat?
      In regards to Assefa getting caught , time will tell. But that just make Tigray more angry. We know who will celebrate and it should be predictable who will get angry.

      • Peace!

        Hi Girmay,

        Regardless the agreement Getachew Asefa is a criminal and must face justice, period. I do not know why you keep dragging both people to justify your biased and inconsistent position. On one hand you support Eritreans against King Issayas, and on the other hand, you stand for criminals against justice.

        Peace!

        • Hameed Al-Arabi

          Hi Peace,

          I think, there is a lot of difference between CRIMINALS WHO ARE ON A RUNNING POSITION and CRIMINALS WHO ARE TORTURING THEIR VICTIMS NOW. The former criminals are no more torturing, will be caught and face justice; the latter criminals are at large causing mess in the region.

          The question that is going on: Are the TPLF criminals will face a real justice or it is just a retaliation from their rivals, Isaias and Amaras.

          Al-Arabi

          • Peace!

            Hi Al-Arabi,

            I thought Amde’s reply to Abraham was beautiful. They will have to trust the system they used to kill and torture innocent Ethiopians for years.

            Peace!

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Hi Peace,

            I think, those who lecture us peace, justice and democracy should not prosecute by the system they tell us incorrect. You mean no problem to apply the same system on them, then where does justice vanish? Or it is the kind of Atse Tedros justice, “ሽመል ይገበዋል ኣዝማሪ”.

            I think, they are right to dread from the justice that is waiting them. My friend, first let them prepare equitable justice, then let them call people to hand themselves to law. Only at that time, we can say no one is above the law. LET THEM FACE THE WRONG SYSTEM THEY HAVE MADE IS FAR FROM JUSTICE.

            Al-Arabi

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hameed,

            Indeed, it is injustice when they try to judge people by the system they call it “injustice system”. The Ethiopian politics is, it is all about revenge. And with that attitude that breeds hate and mistrust, if they dismantle the current Federal arrangement, Ethiopia will be “ነበረች ነበረች ሁና ትቀራለች”.

          • Peace!

            Hi Emma,

            It is more of ኢድ ሸናሒት ጸናሒት than hoping something to pop up out of blue. ዝዝራእካዮ ጥራይ ኢኻ ትሓፍስ ነብሲ.

            Peace!

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dear Peace,

            Buddy, if that will be the case, and if they don’t come with a solution to live together in peace, then the Ethiopia we know will end it existence and will splitting in to many states like the old Yugoslavia. I hope not.

          • Peace!

            Hi Emma,

            I think majority of Ethiopians support the current system, and are capable of defending it. My point is letting the country fall for searching justice for criminal individuals like Getachew is immoral. It creates opportunities to ናይ ደርጊ ተረፍ መረፍ.

            Peace!

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Peace,

            As far as searching criminals is without discrimination within the whole EPRDF administration, I am with you. But If the bogus PM and his admiration only focus on TPLF members, then it isn’t justice.

            Second, remember it was EPRDF that was governing Ethiopia during the last two decades or more. It wasn’t TPLF during PM Meles. It wasn’t TPLF during the PM Hailemariam Desalegn. And it isn’t even with the current PM. It was not the administration of one party. It was the administration of the four parties that constituted the “ Front”. All the three Prime ministers are elected by the EPRDF-front party. The rest we hear are “political cacophony” for partisan politics intended to mislead the mass.

          • Peace!

            Hi Emma,

            I think at this critical juncture what matters is the unity of pro federalism Ethiopians, and removing issues considered an impediment to that should be the primary responsibility of all stakeholders. Debating on who to blame for the current situation can wait for another day. Remember Ignoring the value of unity is what let Eritreans to fail miserably.

            Peace!

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Peace,

            I completely agree. Glad to be on the same page.👍

          • Peace!

            Hi Al-Arabi,

            Agreed. That would be ideal everywhere, but unfortunately, as the saying goes ቤት ያፈራው ነው የምትበላ.

            Peaceful

          • Kaddis

            Dear Al Arabi
            Honestly, I couldn’t avoid feeling, let the Tplf enjoy what it means to keep a fake parliament which decides on party line than to benefit the public; when the parliament passed the unconstitutional border commission. But like you said, let everyone gets the verdict within a legitimate and partial judiciary. Two mistakes doesn’t make one right.

          • Hameed Al-Arabi

            Ahlan Kaddis,

            Dealing with them in the same way they were dealing with the people of Ethiopian, they will be happy. A positive person should deal in a positive manner or will be worse than those who despise.

            If Ethiopians wish to get out of this quagmire, they should not repeat what their predecessors have done. It is a curse to repeat the same mistakes. I hope Ethiopians to bring to justice remnants of Hile Selasse and Mingustu regimes. Crimes are not dropped by aging.

            Al-Arabi

      • Amde

        Selam Ato Girmay,

        1) It is true we do not know the nature of the agreement between Abiy and Isayas or more correctly between the government’s if Ethiopia and Eritrea.

        2) The world is full of governments who make deals between themselves and publicize some and keep others secret. This is the same whether you are talking the liberal west, the monarchist Arabian peninsula, or the North Korean regime. They would have their own reasons for keeping them secret, and most of the time democracy has nothing to do with it.

        3) Abiy is not in his position because he is a “democrat”. He is a result of the EPRDF’s military, intelligence, executive, legislative and party organs. If you hate him, then you should hate the EPRDF that created him. Don’t worry – I am in the same boat as you – I love him but I despise the EPRDF system. In any case, he is the result of 27 years of EPRDF totalitarianism.

        4) The border closure is part of the unresolved love-heat relationship along the Mereb. I tried to ask you last time what do you think about Eritrean plans for Tigray in two years or five years or ten. Funny enough I have been trying to ask this question to at least three other Tigrayans I met over the holidays and nobody wants to face it beyond asking what the deal is between Abiy and Isayas, and why Abiy is mean to Tigrayans. And I did not phrase my question as “Isayas vs DebreTs” or “TPLF vs PFDJ”. I meant Eritrea vs Tigray. I think in general you can take it as a starting point that an Eritrean Government might see a strong Tigrayan government as a strategic threat to it’s internal cohesion, and a strong Tigray government might see strong bonds with an Eritrean givernment as leverage against an Addis Ababa government. Of course, I could be completely wrong, but instead of writing for the 1000th time as to how and why Abiy is mean, it is worth it to think through what the implications are. In any case, this is probably a vast topic by itself, and I am sure whatever I say will not be satisfactory to you. In any case, expect many more border opening and closures in the future lemalet new.

        4) Abiy is not picking on Tigreans. He is too busy.. haha.. I cannot say anything to dissuade you but just think of it as a collateral damage for TPLF having been in absolute power over the past two decades. Change means new people take over from previous people. If the previous people were mostly from Team A, then statistically speaking it is Team A that will be mostly losing. Unfortunately that is how it works. In the US, the Republicans have their powerbase in the south and the Midwest regions, while Democrats are strongest in the Northeast and the west. Everytime a Repuican becomes President most of the federal bureaucracy political appointees are from their strongholds, and it reverses when Democrats take over. It is just the ridiculously ethnicized nature of Ethiopian politics that makes it seem as if the changes are targetted. And secondly, it appears that a good chunk of TPLF s fighting Abiy, so that does not make it easier.

        It is better to stop fighting the Abiy train and figure out what to do from here. If you are TPLF then I can’t say much to you. But if you are just an ordinary Tigrayan, I think you should give serious thought to how to be at peace along the Tekezze. There is a lot of bad blood that needs to be resolved and it is a shame that the region that has birthed and sustained Tewahdo Christianity (among one of many many joint interactions) should be fighting for ethnonationalist purposes. I despise both Tigrayan and Amara ethnonationalist and the people are much better than the petty squabbles they ignite.

        Amde

    • Hayat Adem

      HI Amde,
      Feeling good because Saay is in the house. Maybe he was all the time. Only that he made me feel him now.
      Back to you…
      I checked: Your info is wrong. But you don’t really seem to care to figure out whether it is true or not. Marvelling at it as is sounds good enough, so it appears.
      The bigger questions you are not interested in are the following though: How is that Ethiopia – while cracking apart geologically as well as politically- is now preoccupied on Getachew Assefa? And how are intellectual folks like yourself interested in chasing this news while they are most needed to be at an emergency mode to save their country?
      What really is it the crime of this man except he has a profound knowledge of who is who and he is still quiet? When much was said and fanfared about the capture of General Dagnew, what came out to the court was much of a mismanagement of procurements.

      • Peace!

        Hi Hayat,

        When you accentuate the sense of urgency to save the country, it seems your argument shoulders the responsibility on anti TPLF groups only. Don’t you think the Tigray people, too, have responsibility to save the country and the system they fought and died for given they will lose the most should the country goes down in flames? I mean speaking of danger even Shaleka Dawit is saying the same thing, the country is in danger, for his own dream. My point is why not focus on matters that help unite pro federalism Ethiopians and fight a noble fight than wasting lives, money, and time on spreading fears and defending criminals.

        Peace!

        • Hayat Adem

          Hi Peace,
          I agree with your point except that my feed was in response to Amde. It is true the Tigray people need to make sure everything they do must not endanger the safety of the country. To their credit, everything they did in relation to the current crisis is clean. Tplf didn’t resist leaving power to the new leadership. Many thought there would be a bloodshed in the way to handover power. Many thought Tplf would mobilize its clouts in the security and military. None happened. The new leadership went aggressively on pushing them out in speed and totality one after the other. Nothing happened. The Tigray people were so patient when every nefaT politican was pointing at them. The Tigray people so calm and grounded when they were being wronged left and right by every hopeful was badmouthing them too much. The Tigray people received many dead bodies of their own when they sent out none to others. They kept their region the most peaceful and lawful. What could you ask more from them?

          • Peace!

            Hi Hayat,

            I am not asking anything rather trying to figure out a solid strategy to defend the current system and deter any movement that is in a mission to sabotage it. The idea of keeping the region the most peaceful and lawful implies more of isolation than strategy. Why isolation when millions of Ethiopians are ready and willful to die defending the current system and deter old Derg remnants. I think what it saves the country is the unity among pro federalism, not the isolation of one region.

            Peace!

          • Hayat Adem

            Dear Peace,
            Well, isolation by being calm and peaceful!! That is funny. If theire is any isolation of the Tigray people you noticed, it is not of their own making. You cannot blame the one being isolated while sparing the isolating. The question here is how are the Tigray people handling the isolation you percieved against them? With grace and calmness or with recklessness and desperation?

          • Peace!

            Hi Hayat,

            My point is the people of Tigray can join other pro federalism Ethiopians and save the country. In other words, saving the country and saving TPLF are two different things.

            Peace!

          • Hayat Adem

            Hi Peace,
            You have a point there. But when the federal government is on their way, I don’t think there is much they can do without a declared confrontation with federal government, which they are not ready yet to do.
            On your point of TPLF, I wouldn’t think any body would give their neck to save TPLF this time. TPLF must earn its own survival like any political party. No political party or leadership, including Abiy’s and TPLF’s comes any close in primacy when things are about saving Ethiopia. saying that, you don’t have to conclude though, the continuity of Ethiopia and TPLF are not compatible.

          • Peace!

            Hi Hayat,

            Thank you for understanding me. Keep in mind elites like Shaleka Dawit are wasting no time to exploit the current situation.

            Peace!

          • Lamek

            Peace, why are you worried about the unity of Ethiopia? Can you provide a good reasoning for your worry? Why do you think TPLF is an impediment?

          • Peace!

            Hi Lamek

            Sorry for the late reply I was watching NFL wild-card weekend. Back to your questions. I think my reply to Hayat was clean cut “Keep in mind elites like Shaleka Dawit are wasting no time to exploit the current situation.” And as for TPLF is an impediment, well, the Oromos and other pro federalism Ethiopians see Tigray people as a victim while TPLF as a notorious oppressor. Jawar Mohammed was willing to travel to Mekele and hold discussions with his follow Ethiopians on how to move forward, but TPLF was no ready to swallow the change and insisted the game was not over. (Where are you Paulosay, za game over zebluwa senkam phrase lol)
            Peace!

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hayat & Peace,

            Please go and read the constitution to check the powers of the “central” (the Federal) and the Periphery (the states or Kilils). Peace is assuming that the Federal has the upper power than the states, hence the states should not resist to the instruction of the Federal power. May be Peace is arguing from the general understanding he knew from other Federal states.

            When the Somalis, the Oromos, and now the Tigray kilils resisted the Federal power, I try to visit their constitution to learn the distribution of powers between the central and the periphery, how it is devolved from the center to the periphery, and to identify whether the two powers are clearly delineated to avoid their interferences. I don’t see a clear delineation between the two. Could you do that to help you in your debate to avoid any biased argument? When the power of the central and periphery are not clear in the constitution, we don’t go from the general assumptions and argue either in fever of the states or the the Federal. Every Federal arrangements do have their own specifics on the nature how much power is devolved in to the periphery.

            The powers devolved from the Indian Federal Government to the states is not the same with that of the US and from that of the Swiss and others. So is with the Ethiopian Federal Government. So revisiting the Ethiopian constitution to understand the distribution of power and the current problem between the states (kilils) and the central (Federal) will help you a lot. Myself, by doing that, I have come to a conclusion that the constitution lacks a clear delineation of powers, and hence the need of amendments to avoid the interferences of the two powers.

      • Amde

        Selam Hayat,

        Sorry, what info was I wrong about?

        Whatever crimes Getachew may have committed or not, I just think of it as an important step in the completion of transition from zemene-hweHat to zemene-dhre-hweHat. Mind you, I am being cynical here, and just pointing out that it is the new regime going after the secret police chief of the old regime. A boringly standard template of regime changes. He may indeed be guilty of legitimate crimes. Enjoy the show le malet new.

        The Daniel Berhane’s quote was to see if the TPLF’s total hold on Tigray’s political life was starting to loosen. I presume you live in the US and every other November you probably go to vote for everything from President to local dog catcher, and then go home anxiously waiting to find out who won and who didn’t. And yet, your TPLF runs everything from equb to the palace in Tigray, even down to managing gloriously anachronistic marches in 2019 that would be beautifully in place in Pyongyang of 1970 or Beijing of 1950 or Moscow of 1932. Frankly, I wonder how one can live and vote in a western democracy and still have the moral courage to defend a totalitarian party. But to be fair, one can ask the same thing of PFDJ fanboys too.

        Abiy is doing fine. Even with the continuous TPLF sabotage against him.

        Amde

        • Hayat Adem

          Dear Amde,
          The Great Amde,
          I heard the Fasildus team played in Mekele against the home city Team. It all went peaceful and smooth. Not just that, the Mekele residents hosted the team with sisterly care and respect. I follow such news with great interest.
          On the contrast, the news you broke to us that GA was captured, being captured, being chased, or surrounded was wrong. Everything of it was wrong. And then your analysis was based on the assumption of the reality of such info. You wanted to give us such analysis while you hinted that you knew your info lacked certainty; hence the reason that made me comment “marveling at it, as is, regardless of the truth”.
          I should admit I enjoyed your analysis except that I feel it needs some level of inner reconciliation.
          1) Abiy cannot be doing great while he is leading a country on the verge of collapse, with millions of IDPs, where for the first time the Ethiopian army members are captured and outrun by alShebab, where OLF is negotiating force with force in many parts of Oromia, where all the macro issues and projects of the country are differed to another day; where jobs are fleeing and not coming to the country, where he is playing cahoots with the worst dictator and ruthless leader of a failed nation named Eritrea under unknown agreements, where he lost the some of the Ethiopian strategic depths in Djibouti, Sudan and SS so fast…??? How exactly does that translate to be doing fine?
          2) Abiy is doing great in face of TPLF’s sabotaging, you said. Earlier in one of your comments you said the TPLF leadership must trust the system they created and the leader they elected twice. How exactly possible to sabotage a system while creating it at the same time? How exactly is possible to sabotage a leader while electing him at the same time? Tigray is the region where there seems to be calmness and stability in the presence of real and perceived external siege. How is that staying peaceful and lawful while being on the receiving end translated as sabotaging? As long as he plays it by the book, I think the sabotaging role-play against Abiy is expected not come from TPLF or the people of Tigray.
          If I may, I have been thinking one point if I may. Why is TPLF not favored by the reasonable minds and hearts? Why the thought of TPLF’s political surviving is sending a shivering effect on the many. The phobia didn’t come necessarily from TPLF’s performance deficit. Mind you, TPLF gave Ethiopia the longest peace, the longest uninterrupted economic growth, the highest elevation of international status… in history nationwide. Remember, Before TPLF it was the Derg and the Emperor. How good were they for Ethiopia compared to TPLF? After Meles, it was Hailemariam and Abiy. How better are they than Meles for Ethiopia? I see one sin of TPLF the others were clean off. TPLF made one unforgivable mistake. It broke the pride and ego of a special group in Ethiopia that claims the role of leading is a God-given right designated for that special social group. TPLF made a mistake of mobilizing the Ethiopian peoples both center and periphery and plant a federal system that will be there to stay. TPLF brought a system that would make it difficult for that special group to come back through the back door and rule Ethiopia as before.

    • Brhan

      Hello Amde.
      Did you try for any Eritrean news
      Tx

      • Amde

        Selam Brhan,

        I fail to see how my comment relates to events in Eritrea. I try to stay away from commenting in Awate to be honest since it is supposed to be Eritrean medium but this particular piece is all about Ethiopia.

        I agree, Eritrean should also be discussing about Eritrean events but it is the big conundrum of this site that Ethiopia by far and away is the topic that draws the most attention and commentary. It is statistically provable I think.

        Amde

  • Ismail AA

    Selam Abraham (ጥዕና ከመይ ኣለኻ)፣

    Mikhail Gorbachev came as playe at climax phase of post WW II cold war era. This was dominated by two allied camps spearheaded by two superpowers who strove to establish
    ideological and economic preponderance through control of markets and sources of strategic raw materials. They used all means short of hot war that could have pitted annihilation weapons. To reach their end they used proxy wars and impoverishing and victimization of developing and under-developed nations. Gorbachev led the Soveit Union at a juncture it was no longer able to sustain the struggle that consumed enormous resources at the expense of investing in material developments that ideological notions of the chosen way of life required. In short, the Soveit Union could not materially keep pace against its adversary that enjoyed abundance of resources and technical edge.

    In the case Abij and Ethiopia, the odds are quite different, and cannot be compared to what Gorbachev and the Soviet Union had faced. There are no extra-territorial factors that can be measured to involvement of strategic competitors that could impact Abij and him as role player. I mean to say that there are no forces that have ideological and material interest in preservation or disintegration of Ethiopia beyond the normal geopolitics-driven ambitions of the big powers.

    Thus, the future of Abij and others in the forseeable future would be decided how they will handle the internal political and socio-cultural dynamics in the back drop of the contiguous nations in the region. The odds before Abij and his constituency are doubtlessly formidable, and options that conflicting stakeholders are proposing do not seem prescribable panacea to entrenched ills of the country because it is struggle between those who used to cause the ills and striving to restore that role and place (historically) and their adversaries who do not want to miss the opportunities history had made possible. The latter will not want to allow rewinding the clock backward. So, the fate of Abij and for sure many like and the future of Ethiopia would be determined by success or failure of recognizing the stakes and coming up with a formula that resolve the riddle I just stated.

    • Abraham H.

      Dear Ismail AA, I’m doing fine, thanks for your kindness. It is always rewarding to read the contributions of knowledgeable forumers like you, thanks again.

  • Abraham H.

    Selam Awatista, is PM Abiy going to go down in history as the Ethiopian Gorbatsjov equivalent who hastened the break down of Ethiopian federal system and with the resultant breakup of the country?

  • FishMilk

    Hi All. PM Abiy Ahmed will certainly be within the top considered for the Nobel Peace Prize and yet TPLFites (mostly old ELF cadre) wish to constantly discredit him. EPLFites are obsessed with PM Abiy Ahmed (and Ethiopia) while other Eritreans have been wishing to focus more on domestic issues,

  • FishMilk

    Hi All. PM Abiy has now appointed Abebe Abebayehu, a great and honest guy, as head of the Ethiopian Investment Commission. He will hopefully be able to clear up the incredible land grabbing mess that the TPLF created and prospered from for almost 3 decades.

    • hagos

      salam FM

      soon the PFDJ land grabbers will follow their cousins(tplf)

  • Brhan

    ሰላም ዓዋተ

    የፈደራላዊት ዲምክራሲያዊት ሪፑፕሊክ ኢትዮጲያ ፓለቲካ ጣፋጭ ቤት

    ፓለቲካ ኢስጦጲያ ኣይበዘሐን ዶ ኣብዚ ታሕቲ
    ጉዳይና ዘየለ ወላ ሓንቲ
    ኣንታ ተደሚርና ኢና
    ከይፈለጥና ብደውና
    ደሓን ኩኒ ጉዳይ ዓድና
    ጽንጽዋይ ዓዲ ጓና
    ጢዑሙና
    ቶም ለባማት ዓያሹ ዘይበሉና

    • Senay Zer

      Dear Brhan — You’re correct, it’s relevant discussion but we’re going overboard. In the mean while, there is booming business happening in Eritrea currently – for profit private prisons. I’m very serious!

      • Acria

        Selam Senay,

        Let’s say I want to be in that kind of business, who will pay me to run the prison so that I make profit? Seriously?

    • Haile S.

      ሰላም ብርሃን፡
      ይበል! ወይ ግጥሚ!

      ስደት ኣይኮነን ጥራይ ብኣካል ብስጋ
      ብሓሳብ፡ ኣብ ክርክር፡ ኣብ ፖለቲካ
      ኣስጊሩ ይሰድድ ኣብ ዘይአእትወካ
      ዝነበርካዮ የዘንግዕ የረስዓካ
      ኮለል ይገብሮ ስራሕካ።

  • Girmay

    Hello Abi, I wish that your new years resoutions was to be honest with yourself. How do you compare awate.com the creation of Johar and ESAT. ESAT advocates and commercializes the hate of Tigreans. ESAT advocates and supports the egos of few elite Ethiopians. ESAT is working to keep Ethiopian society blind to truth and honesty.
    Now look at awate.com, its like the mall of ideas. You will never predict what you will read in awate.com. you could easily guess , that you will be readind different ideas.
    Can you say the same about ESAT? You could easily predict their target is Tigreans. Otherwise, ESAT discussions are predicable and boring. They all agree with each other. What ESAT intellectuals failed to understand is it is that kind of thinking that made the derge loose. You might think that ESAt is bringing monumental change, but as time passes you will realize ESAT as museum of hate and ignorance.
    Awate.com on the other hand, is the future, hope, and the real change maker. Out the Mall of ideas, you will get some great ideas that will help our societies succeed.
    Abi, you seem closed minded and you are only comfortable with few ideas. For this reason you need to shop for your ideas at ESAT closed minded mini mart of idea. Awate.com is too big for people who are comfortable with few ideas.
    The latest articles says nothing about agazian. But anything that criticizes Abie is labeled some kind of name.
    In two to three years you will write your own article criticizing Abie. You are just at your honeymoon stage with him.

    • Teodros Alem

      Selam girmay
      am not a fan of esat but i think u misunderstood why esat is created in the first place, esat was created to buried tplf alive, that is exactly what they did, esat and some other media like omn buried tplf alive.
      for the future as the media org. I think they will contribute in building the country over tplf’s graveyard.

    • Saleh Johar

      Hi Girmay,
      Some of our members here think they are entitled to express their views freely which is why we provide the service. But then they think they have the entitlement to come here and insult their hosts. That is not good manners but for the sake of proving to them we are serious in our goals and we are veterans, we just hope they grow and learn some respect. But repeated violation of our posting guidelines is a red line.

  • DabraKadabra

    SJ, why did you delete my comments? Shame on you. You have to know one thing. Your sodomite woyane paymasters will never regain power. It is over. Their hiding place will be raided soon.

  • Tensae

    Selam all and Happy New Year,

    There is an interesting opinion piece in today’s New York Times by an African scholar extraordinaire Professor Mahmood Mamdani the director of Makerere Institute of Social Research in Uganda and a professor at Columbia University titled “ The Trouble With Ethiopia’s Ethnic Federalism in which he describes the constitution as deeply flawed and a cause for inter ethnic conflict among other things. He writes in great detail how the constitution has become a cause of ethnic rivalry and social disorder. He also describes how the current constitution reconfigured the country from “centrally unified republic” to “a federation of nine regional ethnic states and two federally administered city-states”. He alludes further that the constitution was copied from the former Soviet Union by none other than Meles Zenawi more likely to protect the interest of his minority Tigrai ethnic group and his hold on power. Finally,having characterized Ethiopia today as in a “cross road” and having described both the Derg Military Junta’s “Central Republic” and Meles Zenawi’s Ethnic Federalism as failures, he recommends that Ethiopia adopt Territorial Federalism.

    Despite what TPLF apologists and closet supporters say, a thorn by any name is a thorn and Ethnic Federalism has been a thorn in Ethiopia’s psyche for the last 27 years. Unless this thorn is removed soon enough, our region in general and Ethiopia in particular will see a tragedy never seen before.

    • Lamek

      Hello Mr. Tensae:

      There is nothing wrong with the Ethiopian constitution or federal arrangement. This arrangement is what provided the Oromo people the power and rights they deserve. With the exception of the Amara elites, every ethnic group in Ethiopia supports the federal arrangement as currently exists – Oromo, Afar, Tigray people, yeDebub hizboch, everybody.

      The Amaras control the elite media and they set the daily agenda. This is why their view is echoed in mega phones. Otherwise, there is nothing wrong with the constitution. It gives everybody a right to self determination. Why should any ethnic group or nation be forced to be in a centralized unitary state with the oppressive and expansionist amaras? They are the ones who caused misery in our region for centuries and not the weyanes. The Weyanes freed everybody’s behind. When the dergue and Hailesellasie were there, you had the red terror and other genocides when you went to the streets. Can you name one single human being that the weyanes killed or arrested because of protests or resistance out in the open? They brought you freedom and prosperity you had never ever seen in your hundreds of years of existence and now you are advocating to remove them from the face of the earth? Talk about hypocritical selfish people.

      I have a bad news for you. Ethiopia as we know it has no chance of survival not because of weyanes federalism but because of the nature of the Amara to put everybody under their feet and the people have woken up and the bully is not feared any longer.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Lemak,

        All the Ethiopian “social groups” have already tasted the “autonomy of self-rule” with the current “Federal arrangement”. I don’t think after exercising of self-rule for two decades will surrender their powers to the central government. Absolutely impossible.

        Second, when the constitution was drafted it was blessed by all Ethiopian stakeholders. As we lately informed, the constitution was not drafted by TPLF, though it is portrayed by the Amara elites as something ready made by TPLF and imposed to them. We now know that there was only one from TPLF in the drafting committee, and in fact the drafting committee was chaired by Kefle Wedojo from the Amara social group.

        Third, as I read and reread their constitution, it seems to me that the powers of the “central” and the “periphery” are not delineated clearly to work smoothly without interference each other. If there is undefined powers between the central and periphery, then the parliament should amend the required clauses and ratified by the the “states” as deemed.

        Fourth, it is my firm belief that the “Federal army” in conjunction with the “Federal court” should protect the “constitution” as far as it is the only legal document that bind them together and hold the nation intact and secured. The security of citizens is paramount, and you can not let them being attacked by “unruled mobs” like what awful crimes we saw in Sheshemanie. If governments, be it Federal or state, could not protect the lives of citizens, the institutions of the state, and the manufacturing industries from unruled mobs, they are incompetent to carry out their required responsibilities. I can only hope to throw their partisan politics hats to meet the complex challenges their nation confronted with.

    • Amde

      Selam Tensae,

      I saw the NYTimes article earlier today. Why NYTimes readers should care one bit about the type of Federation in Ethiopia is a mystery, but the piece was interesting nonetheless. It would be even more interesting if it is true that “The Grey Lady” i.e. the New York Times, is indeed the unofficial voice of the official US Government position.

      But it was even more interesting to read the discussion thread for this piece, where stalwart TPLF defenders have started arguing the Ethiopian federation is not and has never been Ethnic, when just a mere few weeks ago writing in opposition to the ethnic federation earned you the chauvinist and Feudal sobriquet.

      So what is going on?

      To be blunt, TPLF is realizing that the ethnic federation as constructed and implemented by them is a disaster for the smaller entities. They felt they had things under control as long as they were in charge, but that era is gone. You can see these second guessing statements as the dawning if the realization that TPLF’s days are gone. One of many towels being thrown in.

      So, we have two huge political entities and a gaggle of runners up. The current system will reward the bigger ones over time as they aggregate wealth and political power.

      A safer and more enduring federation should be based around units of more equivalent size. A Wollo-Wellega (i.e. territorial) federation would be infinitely more stable than an OroMara (i.e. ethnic) federation.

      Will we get there? The tragedy is that it is politically costly. It reminds me of the phrase “unilateral disarmament”. As much as there might be latent Wellega identities vs Oromiya ones, the generation of EPRDF indoctrinated and politically radicalized youth won’t agree to breaking up Oromiya today. And if Oromiya won’t then neither will Amara or Somali killils.

      TPLF’s new line is not out of principle – they just want to cut the Amara killil to size. That is the beginning and end of it. They would be doing the right thing (ending ethnic federation) for the wrong reasons (just to spite the Amara).

      Compare this new line to their performance in Parliament just few weeks ago when they attacked Abiy’s proposal on the commission on identities and borders. It was the right thing to do (i.e. use Parliament to resolve such issues) but the wrong thing to attack Abiy on. The fear was presumably the commission would propose ways to end the ethnic basis of the federation. They are still riding the Welqayit-or-death horse, but if they had thought about it, the implied end of the border and identity commission would mean the end of the Amara and Oromiya regions while Tigray might end up with reduced footprint but still pretty much with most of its current territory.

      And now here we are. Apparently Wollo and Jimma are “nations and nationalities”

      It’s progress.

      Amde

      • Mez

        Dear Amde,

        That we land on the topic of “sober observation of Ethiopian federalism experiment since 199” is pretty good by itself–there is no way to dodge it.

        One thing one could notice is, the Derg time political boundaries in Ethiopia are still pretty much intact; with the 1991 TPLF-led reconfiguration they still exist as “zone” within each “Kilil”.

        Probably creating 1) a mechanism in promoting the current “Kilil” primarily in a cultural-linguistic manifestation, while 2) elevating the approximate “Zones” to economic-judiciary federal-states or administrative units with revamped power could be a way forward.

        We clearly observed in the recent past, that the current form of government is not the best fit to every challenges Ethiopia is facing.

        Thanks

        • Lamek

          Mez, et al. you guys are all making Isaias Afwerki’s dream come true. He wants a united Ethiopia based on regional adminstrations (like he did in Eritrea) in which case it would be easy to integrate Eritrea as an autonomous region like the other kiflehagerat. The current arrangement drives him nuts because his life long dream of being president of IGAD is roadblocked.

          • Mez

            Dear Lemke,

            I don’t get it.

            Thanks

        • Amde

          Hi Mez,

          You have pointed at a reasonable (my favorite) transitional arrangement.

          Yes, it is generally true that the Derg era zones still exist, but I think there have been many many wereda and qebele level referenda to align and segregate the population even more.

          The Killil is a purely political instrument to assuage ethnonationalist ambitions. Otherwise much of the real adminstrative work is done at Zonal and Wereda levels.

          If I am not mistaken, even Meles was pushing funding and power to Wereda levels in a way to sidestep the Killil morass. Then I think the election of 2005 happened and the Killil was back.

          The issue as I see it is the way our politics is organized.
          1. Starting from the ruling coalition, most political parties are ethnic in organization and purpose.
          2. The election system is still winner takes all.

          You add those together and one can pretty much see that there is no incentive in following a politics of consensus when arguing how the other guy is terrible and a traitor is likely to get you more followers and votes.

          You can see this in action right now in Wellega. OLF is arguing the OPDO that has succeeded to get to grasp broad and deep national political power is not really Oromo. You can also see this in Wollo, where the new ABN (Amara Nationalists) have street thugs beating any Amara who doesn’t toe the Amara Nationalist line.

          So in total, while I believe there is significant popular sentiment to amend the ethnic nature of the federation, there are no built-in incentives for most of the active political organizations to fight for it.

          Things would be better with National level political parties. I think to his credit Abiy has not only started a process to merge the EPRDF into a party, but he has also been advising opposition parties to also merge into three or four large ones, as opposed to the gaggle of 90 or more small entities.

          I figure a way forward would be:
          1) National level parties
          2) Proportional Representation
          3) Zonal Assemblies (Parliaments)
          4) Free elections – with Zonal and Wereda elections at shorter frequencies than National ones.

          In that order.

          Amde

          • Mez

            Dear Amde,

            I considerably share your line of reasoning.

            I thought the other day taking the watersheds/sub-basins, as good core departure points, for creating administrative boundaries may be very important.

            Thanks

          • Amde

            Hi Mez,

            I liked that proposal for providing insight into different ways of internal organizations. What I don’t like about it is that it appears to end up with regions of significant differences in size (population, economy and hence political weight). But it is great to opening eyes (including mine) as to available alternatives and hence as you say a good departure point.

            Amde

      • Teodros Alem

        Selam amde
        What different does it make. If amara kilil divided in to shawa, wello, gojam , gonder kilils . i mean they still be the same, same wello amara , gonder amara etc and still can vote same thing . the only different will be for bahir dar and weghemra economically.

        • Amde

          Selam Teodros

          I think you are assuming each kiflehager was ethnically pure when that was not the case at all. Those evolved through feudal conquest, awards, rewards and so on. They were political entities with histories of their own. The original zones were designed to include at least some ethnic minority so each zone would have some diversity.

          In any case, It makes a huge difference.

          Firstly, an Amara (or any other) killil by definition and in many killil by law provides legal distinction based on your ethnicity. That is counter to the spirit that everyone is the same under the law. Non-ethnic regions means there are no or minimum structural reasons to establish institutions that favor one over another.

          Secondly, issues between neighbors – for example the Raya one – will be resolved between Southern Tigray and Northern Wollo zones with Meqele and BahrDar having no incentive in it’s outcome. There are people dying right now in Welqayit and Raya because of Ethnic competition between Tigray and Amara regions

          Thirdly the future of increased urbanization and reduced farm land means there will be large migration of people from their place of birth to where opportunities are. As a point of interest, a gentleman from Harar tells me that itihas become rather common for Amara farmers to go to Harar highlands to work on Chat farms as seasonal laborers for Oromo farmers. That just tells you the kind of labor mobility we will be seeing going forward.

          Amde

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam amde
            I know what u mean but.if the poltics of ethiopia still based on ethnicity , the problem that u said above will remain the same, example, gambal kill have 5 ethnic groups and all 5 of them r the owners of gambal kilil, not other ethiopians. If wello is a kilil, it will be the same, the wello amara, raya “amara”, agaw weghamer will be the owner of s wello, not other ethiopians including none s wello amaras.
            I think for me the peoblem is the ethnic poltics, not the kilils by itself.
            The solutions r, 1, redraw the kilils according to the constitution. 2, make addis ababa and diradaw a kilil, not city administration.3, replace the ethnic poltics to citizenship poltics.

          • Amde

            Selam Teodros,

            See my response to Mez.

            I agree the ethnicized politics is the stumbling block, but I don’t see how you can have non-ethnic politics and still have ethnic Killil. A Killil is an ethnic Homeland. By definition it is not a Homeland to those ethnicities whose home it is not. That is the problem.

            I don’t see what problem will not be solved by free elections. I honestly don’t.

            Amde

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam amde
            Agree about free election and for sure eprdf knows about that free election means ethnic election right now. And i can tell u this as long as 3A is a chairman of eprdf and with so many opposition parties, eprdf will win, i have worked for burtikan election and i know how it is.
            Ethnic poltics will remain in ethiopia but gradually it will disappear migration and urbanization. Did u say the amaras working in a farm in harere? Did u get the info from youtube? I can tell u this s shawa is the richest zone in ethiopia by far.

          • Amde

            Selam Teodros,

            Amara day (or seasonal) laborers for Oromo Chat farmers in Harer was related to me by someone who grew up there and travels there often. ( I forgot the name but it is where Jawar is from) The discussion started about the transition of much of the Hareghe highlands to cash crop (i.e. Chat) production, and how as a result, farmers there are relatively wealthy. Amara farmers in general are culturally averse to growing cash crops, and chat is I guess still seen as a Muslim crop.

            About the ethnic politics – I agree it will be (and should) be a part of our politics but we right now have a continuum from ethnic local gangs to ethnic unofficial militia to ethnic formal militia to ethnic special forces to ethnic Killil armies. Federal authorities are either unwilling or unable to address the resulting Carnage. To say it is a mess is an understatement.

            If you see Birtukan please pass my very high regards. I am so pleased she has this position and wish her the absolute best.

            Amde

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam amde
            N shawa and bahir dar have a very big migration from south ethiopia and if it is not handle carefully, it will be another source of problem, the people have a lot of complain about it and it is not gonna be good for other who live in other kilils.
            Do u know burtikan personally? I will.

      • Hayat Adem

        The Great Amde,
        You too! A comedian said “we don’t laugh on the same joke again and again. Why do we cry on the same problem again and again?!” The notion and essence of language and culture identity is so strong in Ethiopia. Many years of assimilationist approach didn’t work in Ethiopia the way it did in France or Italy.
        On the other hand, describing the current political system in Ethiopia as ethnic is not that it is harmful or useful. It simply is a mischaracterization. Ethiopia has 90 ethnic groups. Ethiopia doesn’t have 90 kilils. Ethiopia has 80 language groups. Ethiopia doesn’t have 80 kilils. Ethiopia’s social groups don’t occupy distinctive geography and in many cases are geographically intermingled. There needs to be a formula that works in consideration of all these realities. The current setting is simply an attempt of doing that. Nobody would claim it is the best of all options. But Ethiopian intellectuals should never stop squeezing their brains until they come up with a better working formula. The starting point to that is simply being careful not to mischaracterise based on political expediency but to challenge based on facts and logical knowledge.

        • Amde

          Selam Hayat,

          Well, congratulations on admitting the current system is deeply flawed. It trumpets “Nations Nationalities and People’s” but never defines them. But just because there are not 80 Killil does not mean there are not many other smaller administrative divisions – i.e. “zone”, “special zone”, “wereda”, “special wereda” whose primary purpose is to create ethnic homelands and homelandettes and hamlets.

          No ma’am the system is ethnic or at least ethno-linguistic, theoretically all equal except some are more equal than others. There was no reasonable explanation as to why Harar is a killil while Sidama is just a zone for example.

          But we have the EPRDF one party state dictatorship franchise system grafted on it. So that a bad theoretical structure has built-in political players who have a vested interest in sustaining it.

          I am encouraged at least that EPRDF people appear to be slightly open to moving away from their dogmatic position on it.

          Amde

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Dear Hayat,

          “Ethiopia has 90 ethnic groups. Ethiopia doesn’t have 90 kilils. Ethiopia has 80 language groups. Ethiopia doesn’t have 80 kilils.” And hence “ Nations and Nationalities” Federal arrangement. Good argument.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam aman h
            U need to check ur fact before barking, ethiopia doesn’t have 90 ethnic group, as of today ethiopia has 76 ethnic groups. And according to ethiopia constitution, there r 5 standard to creat a kilil, 1, the interest of the people. 2, language. 3,calture. 4, geography. 5, history.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam TA,

            It is Quoted, and it is not my statement. Whether it is 90 or 76, it the argument she made, did I highlighted to show my support. That is all.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam aman h
            exactly, ur argument and support is always based on false information and fake youtube news. That is why u r more of ordinary foot soldier than anything else.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam TA,

            The numbers was not the argument. Go back and check the argument. You don’t have the ability to identify the “ substance of the argument” from the comment. Just check how Sr Amde identified the substance and gave her his response. But a troller is always a troller, never will be a student.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam aman h
            U quoted hayat’s statement(the number) and u showed ur support. Who is troller now? I told u, u r always snitch foot soldier(akattare watader), nothing else.

      • Tensae

        Selam Amde,

        My apology for the delay to reply as I was caught in a long meeting at work. It is a pleasure to interact with you as I have always admired your writing and debating style even on issues that don’t agree with you. Thank you also very much for your detailed and well constructed arguments on such an important topic for our region.

        I am also not sure why the NYT decided to print this piece at this point of time but my guess is that it was meant to lend support to the change that is taking place in the country. No matter what, it can only have a positive impact in highlighting the danger that ethnic federalism poses not only for Ethiopia but for Africa at large.

        I fully agree with you about the TPLF obsession of hatred towards the Amhara people. If there is anything that the elites of Tigray agree about besides their hatred for Eritrea, it is the mistrust of the Amhara people. To watch people like Sebhat Nega and Ghebrkidan Desta describe it, you get the impression that some undeclared genocide has been going on against the people of Tigray for a long time. While there is no doubt that the Amhara Tigray rivalry has significantly contributed towards the marginalization of the later, it does not bode well for the purpose of nation building to perpetually elevate such competition to the extreme. Besides, after 27 years in power, with a free reign over the country and in the process amassing huge wealth, you expect them to tamper it to a level of legitimate grievance that could be addressed by the common will of all involved. But such is the nature of the TPLF zero sum game policy that it has brought not only Ethiopia but the region at large to a brink of disaster.

        Although I am not knowledgeable enough about the intricacies of re configuring a country to have a strong opinion, I tend to agree with you and others who hold the same or similar views that reorganizing the country along territorial regions is the best option. First, by enabling people of diverse socio-econo-linguistic background to live together in one region, it will enable them to know and appreciate each other and thus fostering an environment of cooperation and not confrontation.
        Moreover, by allocating enough resources such as land, water, minerals, energy etc, it will help to make each region to be more economically viable.

        In conclusion, allow me to share a Tigrigna adage which I am sure there is an Amharic equivalent that captures my feeling and hopefully those of others who have the same views about this whole ethnic federalism none sense: Asha ztekelo lebam neyneQlo that loosely translates to “what the fool plants, a wise can’t easily uproot”. For the last 27 years or so, Ethiopia had been a social experiment for the diabolically nihilistic gang and in the process they have planted so many bad seeds some of its poisonous fruits we are now witnessing. Ethnic federalism has given some fringe elements a sense of entitlement over certain regions along with all the trimmings that come along and they are bound to fight any attempt to change the statuesque.

        Peace!

      • Tensae

        Selam Amde,

        It is a pleasure to interact with you as I have always admired your writing and debating style even on issues that don’t agree with you. Thank you also very much for your detailed and well constructed arguments on such an important topic for our region.

        I am also not sure why the NYT decided to print this piece at this point
        of time but my guess is that it was meant to lend support to the change
        that is taking place in the country. No matter what the intention was, there is no doubt that it will have positive impact in highlighting the danger that ethnic federalism poses not only for Ethiopia but for Africa at large.

        I fully agree with you on assessment of TPLF leaders obsession of hatred towards the Amhara people. If there is anything that the elites of Tigray agree about besides their hatred for Eritrea, it is the mistrust of the Amhara people. Any one who listens to what people like Sebhat Nega and Ghebrkidan Desta are saying, one can be forgiven for thinking that some undeclared genocide has taking place against the people of Tigray for a long time. While there is no doubt that the Amhara vs.Tigray rivalry has significantly contributed towards the marginalization of the later, it does not bode well for the purpose of nation building to perpetually elevate such competition to the extreme. Besides, after 27 years in power, with a free reign over the country and in the process amassing huge wealth, you expect them to tamper it to a level of legitimate grievance that could be addressed by the common will of all involved. But such is the nature of the TPLF zero sum game policy that it has brought not only Ethiopia but the region at large to a brink of disaster.

        Although I am not knowledgeable enough about the intricacies of re configuring a country to have a strong opinion of my own, I tend to agree with you and others who hold the same or similar views
        that reorganizing the country along territorial regions is the best
        option. First, by allowing people of diverse socio-econo-linguistic
        background to live together in one region, it will enable them to know
        and appreciate each other and thus fostering an environment of
        cooperation and not confrontation. Moreover, by allocating enough
        resources such as land, water, minerals, energy etc, it will help to
        make each region to be economically viable.

        In conclusion, in contemplating what the future holds for the region, a Tigrigna adage which loosely translates to “what the fool plants, a wise can’t easily uproot” comes to mind. For the last 27 years or so, Ethiopia has been a social experiment for the TPLF and in the process they have planted so many poisonous seeds some of whose fruits we are now harvesting. Ethnic federalism has given some power hungry elements a sense of entitlement over certain regions along with all the trimmings that come along with it and they are bound to fight any attempt to change the statuesque.

        Peace!

      • saay7

        Hey Amde and all:

        For whatever it is worth, when the EPRDF franchise had its convention, the then-spokesperson for Abiy Ahmed, Fitsum Arega, quoted him as saying, “A Federal form of government is a preferred option in Ethiopia as long as we don’t confuse regional arrangements with ethnic identity. Each regional administrative unit should serve all citizens with respect and without discrimination.” This was my first clue that the Abiy government is serious about migrating from ethnic to territorial federation. The second was the recently announced formation of a commission to study borders and path to reconciliation. The big thing about reconiciliation is that it has to be preceded by Truth: all the people victimized by EPRDF (not just TPLF) are owed, South Africa/Australia-style, confessionals from those who wronged them.

        Abbiy is a huge advocate of women’s and I hope he names an all-women reconciliation commission.

        saay

        • Ismail AA

          Hayak Allah say,

          Great you showed up. You have been missed for too long though I do visit you at the Digest. The missing compounds when people like Beyan and Paulos follow suit,
          not to speak about other greats like Ismail OA and Dawit M. Hope this won’t be limited to New Year courtesy visit.

        • Berhe Y

          Dear Saay,

          Good to see you back. Without you around, I feel real Simwa. I am going to have to sing Milenu, milenu, enjerana meSisu. Happy new year. I have to remind myself to read the other side, I had already missed a lot.

          What I wanted to comment was on the Truth and Reconcilation thing. I don’t know if you had listened to Shaleqa Dawit recent speech but he talked about that topic. He said he was involved in all three that happened in Africa (S. Africa, Rwanda and Liberia). Out of the three he thinks two are failures (SA and Liberia) and Rwanda is one of success.

          South Africa: all the truth was never told. All criminals were not brought to justice. There was no compensation to the victims. The country and the society is as divided as ever.

          Liberia: the same party who was the main actor in causing the harm was in charge of organizing and leading the commission (Jonson). There was no independence and it the process it has omitted a lot and the whole thing was abandoned without much success.

          Rwanda: It was independent from the ruling government (my guess may because the Kagame government were not directly involved), it has used the right mechanism, telling the truth from victims, confessing the criminals and admitting, sending those criminals to court (local or international), restitution and compensation. But more importantly it involved the country elders and society to be part of the whole thing so the whole society involved.

          As to Ethiopia reconciliation commission, he thinks its similar to that of Rwanda, it does not have much independence.

          This is all my understanding but I hope you take time to listen to it and perhaps you can make more sense.

          Berhe

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Merhaba Saay (Aya Adi-U)

          Welcome back buddy. We missed your input for sometime. There was no one except you, that makes them acrobatically to flip from time to time. When one is good at debating like yourself, you have the influencing aura to induce a political summersaults in the Ethiopian politics – which was fun to watch. I hope to stay with us both for debating fun and educational purpose. Pls come with “Alnahda” with a contrarian view to pull us in to writing to elevate our debate. I really miss you.

        • Amde

          Hi Saay,

          As usual spot on. At the very least he is not dogmatic about the form of federation and that by itself is huge.

          I completely agree the Truth and Reconciliation path should not just be a cudgel against TPLF, but through the EPRDF. I don’t know how it would work operationally to be honest. EPRDF is still the ruling coalition that is trying to reinvent itself for elections coming up in a short 18 months. Even assuming they can internally “cleanse” themselves, T&R is a long process and it will mean a lot of their organizational talent (not to say their brand) is gonna be on the dock.

          I am not sure this has ever been tried.. usually there is a vanquished party which is more or less co-erced into confession.

          Agree the T&R should be women heavy. I also think this is the reason why Abiy spent a lot of time trying to fix the rifts in religious institutions precisely because he needs them. I think he did explicitly say that actually.

          Happy New Year to you too.

          Amde

    • Brhan

      Hello Tensae,

      You are right OLF, WSLF (OGADEN) and of course TPLF were created by Ethnic federalism because they came before it

      New York Times is a bible and Prof. Mahmood is a prophet. Disregard the hundred researches and thesis conducted by Ethiopians professors on the issue. A single article in NYT is worth than the thousand and thousand Ethiopian pages because NYT is American.

      Last but not least , remove the thorn from Ethiopia or not , it is an Ethiopian issue. Eritrea or Sudan or Somalia have nothing to do with it: they are busy with their issues.

      • Tensae

        Hello Brhan,

        I hope the message behind my Avatar in conjunction with your name is not lost on you.

        Your sarcasm aside, OLF, WSLF, TPLF and many others may not have been created by ethnic federalism but it seems that ethnic federalism was created for them for there is no doubt that it serves them well like a charm. With article 39 of the constitution that fully enshrines the right of any ethnic entity to exercise full autonomy including the right to secede, they have now a clearly marked region that they can now claim to be their own and use it to their own advantage with a threat of separation to blackmail the country.

        Please do not read what is not written. I neither claimed that NYT is a bible nor Professor Mahmood is a prophet. The fact that a neutral observer and a distinguished scholar at it has confirmed and clearly articulated the things that many of us have been trying to explain
        for many years to the diehard TPLF supporters without success is proof enough that the time has come for them to come back to their sense, that is if they have one. The world is now knocking on their door and it is time that they listen. If you are not convinced, please check some of their outlets such as Aiga Forum. The rest of the paragraph is simply not worth wasting time.

        As if by design or by accident, you seem to have left the worst for the last. I would be worried about you if you seriously believe that a problem as severe as what Ethiopia is facing now is not the business of its neighbors. It is like saying that it not my concern if my neighbors house is in fire. Please wake up! Peace.

        • Brhan

          Hi Tensae ፣
          ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ወንድ የለም ማለትህ ነው?

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Tensae and others, too.

      What the good prof. you have referred to wrote is not new. Views have been rampant -be it in the Ethiopian context, larger African or beyond in other continents. The Ethiopian learnt elites have been profusely discussing “territorial federation” in lieu of the current system on which there has not been a consensus definition of what it is.

      So, in view of the history of the past few centuries and geographical and socio-cultural configuration of the country as stands now, how would the suggested federation by territorial separation resolve the problems the country structurally faces? Such federal units will have to correspond to geographic and cultural-linguistic specifications that will predominantly give you majority-minority entities and concomitant problems they will generate which the current system could not address and and taken as flaws.

      • Tensae

        Selam Ismail AA,

        I hope that you are in great health and my apology for the delay to reply. I fully agree with you that what professor Mamdani wrote is neither new nor exceptional. However, given that it was said by a distinguished scholar of his caliber and in a medium that has such a wide audience, I felt it was worth sharing. I was initially attracted to the piece while I was following the debate that was taking place here at Awate Forum as to whether calling the system ethnic federalism is right or wrong. The fact that Ethiopia is at a crossroads as a result of the failed
        policies of ethnic federalism is another reason.

        Although I am not very knowledgeable on the subject matter, I am vehemently opposed to ethnic federalism as I strongly feel that it
        highlights and celebrates the differences rather than the similarities that
        exist among people. Given a typical African society is composed of so many linguistic groups who exist in close proximity to one another, dividing a given society in to several ethnic entities is not the best way to organize it. To drive the point, let me give you an example. I was surprised to know that there are no less than five linguistic groups of people who live in and around the Raya region of Ethiopia alone which incidentally is currently a bone of contention between the Amhara and Tigray states. Is it therefore practical to divide Raya in five different regions? Is it fair to lump them in one and force them to live under the supreme rule of one dominant linguistic group be that in Tigray or in Amhara? Interesting enough, the person who was explaining this in an Ethiopian TV was a member of the Saho Speaking Irob community of Tigray which borders Eritrea. He himself seems to have a beef of his own against the Tigray State over minority rights. It also goes without saying that the best measure of any state policy is its application. Witnessing what 27 years of ethnic federalism has brought to Ethiopia, no one in his right mind can make a strong case for continuation let alone for its implementations else where in Africa. As they say, the proof is in the pudding.

        If Ethnic Federalism is bad, then what is the alternative?
        That is the six million question. Personally, I am for Territorial Federalism
        where the country is divided in to few states no more than ten or so, all of relatively equal population and geographical size and each of which is composed of multiple social groups and each of which has a fair share of the resources of the country. The country can have a few official languages to reflect the size of the main linguistic groups and any party that would like to participate in national election will be required to have
        representation from all states. Such configuration of the country can make it easy for citizens to live and work freely in any region of their choice and enable the central government to implement policies that are equitable to all regions.

      • Tensae

        Selam Ismail AA,

        I hope that you are in great health and my apology for
        the delay to reply.

        I fully agree with you that what professor Mamdani wrote is neither new nor exceptional. However, given that it was said by a distinguished scholar of his caliber and in a medium that has such a wide audience, I felt it was worth sharing. I was initially attracted to the piece while I was following the debate that was taking place here at Awate Forum as to whether calling the system ethnic federalism is right or wrong. The fact that Ethiopia is at crossroads due the failed policies of ethnic federalism is another reason.

        Although I am not very knowledgeable on the subject matter, I am vehemently opposed to ethnic federalism as I strongly feel that it
        amplifies the differences rather than the similarities that exist among people. Given a typical African society is composed of so many
        linguistic groups who exist in close proximity to one another, dividing a given society in to several ethnic entities is not the best way to organize it. To drive the point, let me give you an example. I was surprised to know that there are no less than five linguistic groups of people who live in and around the Raya region of Ethiopia alone which incidentally is currently a bone of contention between Amhara and Tigray states.
        Is it therefore practical to divide them in five different administrative
        regions? Or is it fair to lump them in one and compel them to live under the supreme rule of one dominant linguistic group? Interesting enough, the person who was explaining this on an Ethiopian TV station was a member of the Saho Speaking Irob community of Tigray which borders Eritrea. Th way he was explaining it, he seemed to have a beef of his own against theTigray State on minority right. It also goes without saying that the best measure of any state policy is its application. Given what 27 years of ethnic federalism has brought to Ethiopia, no one in his right mind can make a strong case for its continuation let alone for its implementation elsewhere in Africa. As they say, the proof is in the pudding.

        If Ethnic Federalism is bad, then what is the alternative? That is the six million question. Personally, I am for Territorial Federalism where the country is divided in to few states no more than ten or so, all of relatively
        equal population and geographical size and each of which is composed of multiple social groups and each of which has a fair share of the resources of the country. The country can have a few official languages and any political party that would like to participate in national election will be required to have representation from all states. Such configuration of the country can make it easy for citizens to live and work freely in any region of their choice.

        • Ismail AA

          Selam Tensae,

          You kind disposition is highly appreciated. Thank you for your time for sharing with us this extended and valuable input. Sorry for this delayed response.

          Of course, I understand, as many in this forum might also do, that you have at heart selfless concern for future of your country. As a person who has very humble exposure to the affairs of Ethiopia, I understand the effort of patriotic individuals like yourself who strive to negate what exasperate the escalation of the multifaceted constellation of contradictions that the historical makeup of modern Ethiopia had engendered, and advocate what can contribute towards settling those vying stakes and dreams, and let the country enjoy time of peace and tranquility that allow it to embark on sustained state and nation building missions that could make social and economic integration possible. The only means for this to happen is installation of purposeful, selflessly committed and balancing governance system.

          Neither monarchies nor the kinds the kinds of systems that followed them had provided the peoples of Ethiopia the opportunities they needed though objectivity and fairness calls admission for degrees of variation in what had been achieved. Thus, the necessary and timely debate the elites have to engage in is how to find suitable platforms to take realistic stock of the past and craft convenient strategy to set the country on healthy path to peace and unity. The central issue is how to agree on accommodative and confidence and trust generating transition formula. One of them could be what you have proposed; others could suggest different ideas.

          The endgame of viable nation states is reaching conttractual relationship between the citizen and the state that transcend contradictory contours of the paramount society. The lucky nations that endowed with aware and patriotically committed elites succeeded to pass through well crafted transformative phases of nation building processes that catered for sustained material advancement that diminished the borders of provincialism and created superior and unifying national identity within intellectually conceivable legal and conceptual frameworks.

          I think I have been drawn too far; I ask you forgiveness if I have indulged in an uncalled for discussion. By the way, I hope you do not take me as idle preacher as though we Eritrean fare better than other nations I our region. In fact, we are in a worse situation that is infested by menacing constellation of contradictions. We have not even began to tackle them thanks to foreign aggressors and ruthless despotism that has been wrecking the nation for the past couple of decades.

    • Abraham H.

      Dear Tensae, yes Ethiopia is seriously in trouble; actually it is on the verge of disintegration. But the reason is not what you gave, it is not because of ethnic based federalism, rather it is the deep mistrust and hegemonic competitions that have always been there for centuries. The eprdf tried to address this mistrust through designing ethnic/geography/traditions/culture/identity based federal arrangement; but now that arrangement is being challenged after PM Abiy let the dogs out. Now the system is being challenged from various sides; add to this the involvement of the Eritrean despot, then the mess is complete.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Abraham,

        Is there any “social group” that would like to work against its ethnic identity? I don’t think so. Creating new geographic identity does not resolve the deep mistrust within the existing social groups, rather it will worsen the existing hate of each other. The problem isn’t the current Federal arrangements, the problem is the Amara elites who are sabotaging the system for their own end (the Derg remenats, G-7 and their mass media ESAT). The rest Ethiopian social groups are contented with the current system as set up and arranged by “nations” and “nationalities”. I Just read one comment alluding that this kind of arrangements is copied from “old Soviet system”. It is completely wrong understanding. There are many modern Federalism set up by “linguistic arrangements” which is not different from the current Ethiopian arrangement. Take for example the Switzerland Cantons are arranged based on linguistic (the French, German, Italian speaking social groups). The Indian Federalism is arranged by “nations” and “nationalities”. So the notion that the Ethiopian Federalism is a copy of the old soviet is baseless argument. So in a nutshell, since the existing Federalism was a proposal from the Oromo movement during the drafting time, what ever the plus and minus done by the drafting committee they came out with the current arrangements. It is unlikely the “majority social groups” to go against the current one.

      • Amanuel Hidrat

        Selam Moderator,

        My comment is on hold by disqus to be released by the moderator. Could you pls pull out from the disqus. Thank you.

      • Tensae

        Selam Abraham H.

        I hope that you are in good health and my apolgy for the late reply.

        While fully agreeing with your assessment of the current situation in Ethiopia, I beg to differ with your assertion that Ethnic Federalism is not to blame. A simple proof is that Ethiopia had never had this much of inter – ethnic conflict prior to the ascending to power by the EPRDF. Yes there was social unrest in the country, but that was mainly due to the different liberation wars that were going to unseat the government. Open warfare among the different ethnic groups of the magnitude that is taking place was not as common. There could have been minor skirmishes here and there for resources such as for water and grass but not over identity. If you remember way back, it did not take very long after the EPRDF was installed in power before ethnic conflicts were to take place. Wide spread violence was taking place in Benishangul, Gambela, Ogaden, Afar etc. The TPLF dominated EPRDF, rather than trying to solve the problem, iwas aggravating it. Most of the ethnic unrest that was taking place in the country was instigated by the government policy of settlement and leasing of land to foreign governments and corporations and a feeling of marginalization.. Moreover TPLF generals were plundering the country left and right. What the current imprisonment of the former governor of Somali state proved was this fact. But if you want to make any compelling defense for Ethnic Federalism is that may be it could have worked better under a different government where there is equal distribution of wealth and resources among the different regions and better representation of members of the different social groups in the bureaucracy and the military.

        Abraham, I am honesty not sure what you meant when you wrote
        that PM Abiy let the dogs out. If you meant allowing the opposition
        into the country, then that does not make sense because the conflict was raging long before he came to power and before these forces were returned. But if you meant freeing the prisoners, that does not hold water either because there is no proof that social unrest is being driven by former prisoners. Most of the social unrest in the south of the country is done by unemployed youth. It is also worth noting that most of the recent conflict is a result of squabbling among the Oromos elites and it is expected to die once the government is firmly entrenched. As for role of the “Eritrean Despot” in all this, although it remains to be seen, it does not make sense for him to rock the system when it is working in his favor. But if you meant, steering the pot in the Tigray vs. Amhara conflict, then that can not be discounted as his first priority these days seems to get his revenge against his mortal enemies, namely the TPLF.

      • Tensae

        Selam Abraham H.

        I hope that this finds you in robust health and my apology for the late reply. I would also like you to know that I am re posting this as it was indefinitely put on hold the first time around.

        While fully agreeing with your assessment of the current situation in
        Ethiopia, I beg to differ with your assertion that Ethnic Federalism is
        not to blame. A simple proof of this is that Ethiopia had never had this much of inter – ethnic conflict in its modern history prior to the ascending to power by the EPRDF. Yes there was always social unrest in the country, but that was mainly due to the different liberation wars that were going in the country. Open warfare among the different ethnic groups of the magnitude that is taking place was not as common. There could have been minor skirmishes here and there for resources such as for water and grass but not over identity. If you remember way back, it did not take very long after the EPRDF was installed in power before ethnic conflicts were to take place.Wide spread violence was taking place in Benishangul, Gambela, Ogaden, Afar etc. The TPLF dominated EPRDF, rather than trying to solve the problem, was aggravating it. Most of the ethnic unrest that was taking place in the country was instigated by the government policy of settlement and leasing of land to foreign governments and corporations and a feeling of marginalization of different social groups. Moreover EPRDF generals most of whom are from Tigray were plundering the country and corruption was rumpant. What the current imprisonment of the former governor of Somali state proved was this fact. But if you want to make any compelling defense for Ethnic Federalism, it is that could have worked better under different circumstances such as where the government is more accountable and where there is equal distribution of wealth and resources among the different regions
        as well as better representation of members of the different social groups in the bureaucracy and the military.

        Abraham, I am honesty not sure what you meant when you wrote
        that PM Abiy let the dogs out. If you meant allowing the opposition
        into the country, then that does not make sense because the conflict was
        raging long before he came to power and before these forces were
        returned. But if you meant freeing the prisoners, that does not hold
        water either because there is no proof that social unrest is being
        driven by former prisoners. Most of the social unrest in the south of
        the country is done by unemployed youth. It is also worth noting that
        most of the recent conflict is a result of squabbling among the Oromos
        elites and it will likely die once the government is firmly entrenched. As for the role of the “Eritrean Despot” in all this, although it remains to be seen, it does not make sense for him to rock the system when it is serving him so well. But if you meant, fishing in troubled water in the murky Tigray vs. Amhara conflict, then that can not be discounted as his first priority these days seems to get his revenge against his mortal enemies, namely the TPLF.

        • Abraham H.

          Dear Tensae, I thank you for your well wishes and for a fairly balanced reply. Thanks again. Whatever system they find out, we hope that the political actors of Ethiopia devise a system that protects the rights of minority groups, and one that continues the relatively promising economic progress of the country that has been taking place in the last decades.

  • Semere Tesfai

    Selam Hope

    “”ስግር ዛላምበሳ ዘሎ ህዝቢ ትግራይ ፡ ከቢድ ብረት ከይወጽእ ከልኪሉ” ዝብል ዜና ካብ VOA ሰሚዕና። ” ምስ ሓውና ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ሰላም ንደሊ ኢና” ከኣ ክንሰምዕ ቀኒና። All that,while sitting in and occupying Sovereign Eri Lands. ወይ ክልተ ልቢ!!!!”

    ምዕዶ ወያነ ንኤርትራውያን:

    “ኤርትራውያን….. ልቢ ግበሩ! ኣምሓሩን ኦሮሞን፡ መሬትኩምን ባሕርኹምን እዮም ዝደልዩ። ንሕና (ተጋሩ) ግን፡ ፍቕርኹምን ሕውነትኩምን ጥራይ ኢና ንደሊ።”

    በኣንድ ራስ፡ ሁለት ምላስ

    How is my Amharic?

    Semere Tesfai

  • Teodros Alem

    Selam abi
    Which wellbeing of society r u defending? don’t tell me ethiopia. ISIS too claim they r in defence of the wellbeing of Sunni Muslims. Isn’t that funny.

  • Saleh Johar

    Abi,
    I still appeal to you to maintain civility and avoid personal attacks. C’mon Abi, I haven’t said you are a chauvinist. Did I ? Why all the attacks. Cool down

    If you are not thankful, just be decent.

  • Saleh Johar

    Hi Konge,
    Since you decided to be reasonable, I will oblige and debate with you. I appeal to you to be honest and do not put words in my mouth .

    1. Thank you for the history of the struggle. But are sure I need that lesson from you or anyone else? C’mon! Think again don’t tell me stuff that I know in boring details.

    2. Did I say Eritrean issues are not Eritrean? I didn’t

    3. Did I advance TOLF position? I really am tired telling you all that to me the PFDJ and TPLF are the same. Whatever I say is in defense of eritreanvwellbeing but you seem to be so focused on the TPLF. It’s you business not mine. The PFDJ-TPLF feud is not my fight. It’s centuries old and throughout history I have been the victim of that crazy conflict. And you want me to be part of it! No my friend. But if you think fighting the PFDJ feud is your job go ahead but don’t invite me in it.

    3. The racist strain in the PFDJ is bent on fighting by equating TPLF with Tigray. Now do not try to convince me all the racist remarks of a game and other deregatory remarks are targeting TPLF. Find a green person who can easily be deceived not me I know all the tricks and rivalry. Not my fight.

    Thank yiu

  • Kaddis

    Selam Gash Saleh –

    You are a treasure to read – it’s a very timely article now that Abiy is undeniably sounding like Isayas – when he told the BBC few days ago ” come and see us ” …so bizarre while we have a resident BBC correspondent in Ethiopia 🙂

    just to reflect on two points I may have a different views –

    On the Ethnic nationalism – there are different understanding of Ethnic federalism among the elites here as the constitution does not directly refer any group as ethnic. One plausible explanation is – the nations in Ethiopia – be it the kingdom of Wolaita, kingdom of Keffa, Somali, Tigray, the Geda Oromo etc …predate Ethiopia or Abyssinia . So these entities have the right to exist. The right to organise themselves and self-rule.

    Those celebrating Victorious Menilik are celebrating it for the wrong reason. They celebrate Menilik but reject the existence of identity organisations – which represent the identities which remained intact due to Menilik’s victory against western power . In fact Menilik should be celebrated for protecting the nations diversity from assimilation and cultural colonialism. Although Menelik tried some level of Shoa assimilation but with a mix of federal like administration ( Amir of Harar, Jimma aba Jifar, Tigray etc..co-ruled themselves) Plus – Menilik didn’t have the sophistication, imagine the French had, to wipe out the diversity throughout Ethiopia.

    So Ethiopian politics should be considerate of the strong identities kept intact and thriving. No need to mention the previous administrations Amharic centric advantage which resulted identity based resistance claiming marginalisation like the Oromo, southern nations, Woyane …( not sure if Eritrea falls here)

    The current administrations should consider the resistance movements impact on the
    particular communities.

    Come 27 years; if there was an intention of institutionalising Ethnicity – keeping Gondar, Shoa, Gojam , Wollo, Wollega etc.. would make more sense, as these are well refined identities or ethnicities. And Tigray would not be as ‘minority’*. But the Constitution created a language and geographical Amhara, Oromia etc.. regions capable of competing and collaborating at Federal level. I am not saying the constitution is perfect, not manipulated and the country doesn’t have Ethnic polarisation – not at all – but it needs to be amended legally. If undermined by the state itself; non-state actors will claim not obliged.

    On Ginbot 7 Birhanu Nega – he did well reorganising the Ethiopian economic association and releasing Vision 2020 ( the first economic roadmap in Eth history ) in late 90s. Politically; I see them in the exclusionist Amharic Unitary grouping and his adventures during EHAPA, Kinjit 2005 election and fake rebellion in Eritrea all failed miserably. G7 is also responsible for its hate media wing ESAT. Their current soft stance is to make sure TPLF is well side-lined and trying to co-opt the Abiy administration to undermine the constitution (working well BTW).

    Their next natural target is OLF. Their current 527 seat ( all parliament) election preparation also shows – they just feel entitled to rule the whole Ethiopia or none.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Kaddis,

      Very interesting perspective, as always. True to your argument, that the Ethiopian constitution talks about “nations and nationalities” and not about ethnicities. Your Federalism has a typical resemblance to that of the “Indian constitution” where the states are structured by “nations” and group of “nationalities”. It is only either the illiterates of “Federalism” who do not know how “nations” evolve and the opportunists who lost their interest from that kind of arrangements do call it “Ethnic federalism.” Just observe the nature of the forumers we have in Awate.com, it gives you some hints about their comprehension on the subject.

      • Haile S.

        Selam Emma,

        You said “….. Just observe the nature of the forumers we have in Awate.com, it gives you some hints about their comprehension on the subject. Keep up coming please. I wish to have many matured and well read individuals like you in this forum to have an educational engagements.”
        Emma, I also wish if you had abandoned this condescending attitude by elevating some and downgrading others based on what you believe is right. You can elevate your champion as high as you wish, but not by lumping all others in one category and downgrading them to nothing. This is not an attitude of someone looking for educational and intellectual debate.
        FYI, Ethiopian federation is referred to ethnic-federalism by anyone who talks and writes about it including the most serious newspapers. Google please. Why do you want to present the Awate forumers to be the only “illiterates” that use that terminology? Why do you want to make this a club to hit Awate forumers?
        A question for you: Ethiopian constitution is written in Amharic and presumably used the term ብሔር and ብሔረሰቦች. Did the constitution defined what is ብሔር and ብሔረሰቦች? And if yes can you let us know.
        Thanks

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Hailat,

          Let me start with the statement you misunderstood me though you quoted me correctly. To wish to have “many” matured and well read” does not imply we don’t have “few” who are matured, well read, and respectful individuals in this forum. You are one of the few by the way. Since you know who you are, you are not lumped with the illiterates. If you believe we have “many” then I strongly disagree.

          Second, I don’t have a condescending attitude, rather wether you agree or not I am telling the fact. The forum is dominated by trollers and many meaningful and thoughtful individuals have left the forum for good to avoid from being abused and blackmailed. If you don’t notice that, then it is not my fault.

          Third, who ever call that kind of Federal arrangement as Ethnic Federalism, is a layman way of saying it or understanding it, be it in its “concept” or in its “application”. Or the losers way of name tagging against the system. You know how “Nations” and “nationalities” evolve and the requirements needed to be modern nations. Either the “nations’ transformed to modern countries or make structural arrangements with others like “Federalism” to govern themselves. The Ethiopian and Indian “nations” have made that contractual Federalism to govern themselves. When certain elites try to portray it as Ethnic Federalism is not to oppose the system itself but to oppose to the those who runs the system. So Hailat, you do your own research than to try to tell me what others like to call it “excluding their motives”. You are an intelligent person and do your homework.

          Forth, Yes “Ethiopian constitution” is written in Amharic, but also they do have an “English version”. If you go to the English version, you will find out what ብሔር and ብሔረሰቦች crospond to it. That simple. Those terms are standardized socio-political terms. They are not invented terms by Ethiopians, they just translated it from English and applied it to their realities. I hope I answered your concern and your question. If you want let us debate on the concept and their applications,

          Regards,
          AHT

          • Haile S.

            Emma,
            I was not necessarily defending myself. I understand the issues of disrespect that prevails. It is mostly driven by emotions and my plea to you was not to get emotional.

            Coming back to the question I asked you, yes we can translate the word ብሔር to nation etc etc as is commonly practiced, but whether you are writing an SOP/COP or constitution, to avoid misleading understanding, you need to define the key words that you are using. And it is based on this that I asked if you knew if the Eth constitution included definitions of the terminologies it used.
            I am not a social scientist and I am not be able to go in detailed debates on differences and commonalities between nationalities and ethnic groups and anything in between, but the befiting terminology I read about is Ethiopian federation is Ethno-linguistic.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hailat,

            I had a short reply to your last comment. Disqus eat it. Let me try again: I am not emotional. I don’t know how you define emotional. But you always try to characterize a passionate debate as emotional. You just focus on the substance of my comment and we will do fine.

        • Abi

          Hello Gashiye Haile S
          I admit that I am one of the illiterates at this forum where every breathing and talking individual is a Dr or Professor of some sort.
          My question is what do you call a person who worships meles zenawi? What do you call a person who proudly call meles “a visionary leader “?
          Meles’ policies almost killed Eritrea. Because of His visionary policies Tigray people are not comfortable living outside their kilil. You can write a book about his evil deeds on both Ethiopians and Eritreans. How does one think that meles was visionary?
          ይህን ሰው ምን ይሉታል ? መሃይም!

          • Haile S.

            Selam Abi, ኣባ ትልቁ፡

            I never wanted to dwell on this personality, MZ, but to answer your question, yes he was visionary. However, his vision depended on what he was visioning and envisioning. For me, his vision was literally as he said it, to make Eritrean ports camel watering troughs and Eritreans, camel herders at best. If any Eritrean was to go beyond, he wanted it at his merci. His vision was a strategy that consisted of trying elevating a country by strangulating and destroying another for the sole reason of proving himself. He was trying to reproduce such regional microcosm, a game he apparently learned from great countries, at least in his mind. He was a paranoiac permanent lesson giver and distributor of culpability. Having said that I don’t have illusion on his mirror-image nemesis of the north who wants to play greatness by minimalism, me-know-all and pure cristal clear incompetency.
            Abi, Eritrea and Ethiopia could live in harmony side by side for common development if they decide genuinely to work together.

        • Selam Haile S.,

          With the danger of being called illiterate, in my opinion, “ethnicity” and the stalinist concept of “nations, nationalities and peoples” adopted by the ethiopian constitution, that was written by marxist-leninists-stalinists-maoists-hodjaists, more or less refer to the same thing, unless meant to hair split, which does not seem to have any significance.

          The Soviet solution to “the national question, and stalin’s concept were the bases of the ethiopian ethnic federation, i think. As you said ethiopian federalism is known by all as a good example of “ethnic federalism”, and it could be the only example in the world, and it is attributed to mz.

          Stalin’s concept was that “a nation is a group which possesses a common vernacular language, occupies a single piece of territory, has an integrated, coherent economy, and a common psychological make-up. ‘National Minority’, was a term used to designated ethnic communities that failed to qualify as nations, and if i am not wrong, number (population size) plays a role as well. Similarly, “ethnicity or ethnic group” is characterized as a group that has “a common language, culture, territory, and ancestry”.Therefore, although i cannot say that i know better than those who seem to have studied marxism-leninism, nations, ethnicity, national minorities, ethnic minorities are terms interchangeably used.

          As i have read, the travesty of the ethiopian ethnic federation and constitution is that rights to land, government jobs, and representation in local and federal bodies was based, not on Ethiopian citizenship but on being considered ethnically indigenous in constituent ethnic states.

          Another thing i do not think i understand is that, if tplf’s stand on ethnic federalism is changing, and the old provincial division as the bases of regional federation, is now entertained or not. One thing is for sure, that it will make all groups more or less of the same size, and may make them of the same political power, (i.e. no minorities), and in the future the winner in ethiopian politics will come through a broad coalition. It will divide the bigger ethnicities, i.e. oromos and amharas into many parts, and their solidarity could end up to be a chess game that could be unpredictable. Moreover, in some cases, like the afar and somali regions, i am not sure if it is going to be at their expense or not, if ethiopia adopts the old provincial system.

          What ethnic federalists did unwittingly was to strengthen even more the already bigger ethnic groups, that are beyond the capabilities of tplf to control, as we saw. Maybe now is the time to minimize and not maximize, by moving from the north pole to the south pole and back again, from ethnic to regional federalism.

          Nevertheless, how much easy is this? Are we entering an uncharted waters, an other adventurous situation, although most of us believe that ethnic federalism has proved that it is a big problem rather than a solution. It must go although tplf is still saying ‘don’t touch my constitution and my ethnic federation’.

          What to believe, and what to do? Moreover, many ethnic LFs who fought the derg, believed that ethnic federalism was a manna from the sky, a way of fulfilling their narrow ethnic and tribal dream, a way of ascending to power, until they understood that they were used as a trojan horse by tplf, and a fake ethnic federalism that served its interests was all they got.

          Should i dare to make the error by saying, maybe ethnic federalism as such is not the ultimate culprit, but the way tplf implemented it. I do not know. Two are the main problems we see today in ethiopia, 1) intolerance within the regional states, and the fight for resources at the inter-ethnic borders. Both end up into killings, destruction, looting and evictions. Both are exploited by extremist groups.

          The question is that, can these be tackled, has anybody a solution, or is there no solution at all? What if internal borders are made NOT to look like inter-ethnic frontiers, and they are simply administrative borders for tax collection for example, and movement is free for both ethnic groups in both directions, and there is a no-man’s land between the two regional states? What if the infamous article 39, which in actual fact was mean to hoodwink ethiopian ethnic groups, is done away with? There seems that there is this concept that as long as the tribal/ethnic elites have the right to secede, they have also the right to evict others from their ethnic regional states, etc.

          Other forumers may have more practical ideas. Of course, at the end of the day, balanced economic development for all, industrialization, education (i cannot bet on this hundred percent, because the so-called educated elites are the main problems of ethiopia and the whole region), and the land stops to be the only means of survival, may together give the ultimate answer.

          Otherwise, one must get rid of ethnic federalism asap if possible, so that ethiopia survives. Ethnic federalism was a sugar coated poison, which ethiopians were fed by force over the last three decades. The aim was to minimize ethiopianism and maximize ethnicism/tribalism, which could have killed ethiopia, and could still kill her even today unless something is done.

    • Simon Kaleab

      Selam Kaddis,

      You said: “the Geda Oromo etc …predate Ethiopia or Abyssinia . So these entities have the right to exist.”

      This is factually wrong. The Galla/Oromo are late comers from North Kenya. The land they now occupy was not empty when they invaded. In addition, there was no nation called Oromo, other than a fluid aggregate of clans and tribes who spoke related languages.

      It is clear to see that ‘Identity’ based politics is the worst kind of politics. It is a tool, a stepping stone, a vehicle by which the elites of a certain group tries to grab power. One of the costliest mistakes of the TPLF was opting for identity based politics, which ended up creating two large, multi-million size hostile groups such as the Amhara and the Oromo.

      You also said: “Menilik didn’t have the sophistication …”

      Compared to his time and contemporaries, Menelik was a first rate genius. He was a thinking, problem solving and relatively tolerant ruler. Menelik successfully defended the core of Abyssinia against European and Islamic encirclement thereby creating modern Ethiopia.

      Lastly, Menelik was from mixed Amhara and Oromo family; one example among many such personalities. This puts a lie to the current Oromo elite claim of persecution.

      • Blink

        Dear Simon
        He has to say what he said as truth because that the the prescription passed to him by TPLF lousiest plate . They ( weyane cadre ) has to blame someone else because if they were to write honest views of Ethiopia , they are confronted by the reality of TPLF crimes .

        • Saleh Johar

          Blink,
          I will make it easy for you because you are all over the place repeating yourself.

          To know my position, all you have to do is find out where the PFDJ is standing. Then you will find me on the opposite of that. If you stand with PFDJ I will be in the opposite side of you. If an angle stands with Isaias, I will fight the angel. How easy can I make it?

          • Blink

            Dear SG
            Well sir , is there any space that PFDJ suddenly change to angel ? I don’t see even on mars . The existence of angle has been too nice to ignor but the fact is sir , PFDJ are the evil deeds of your own and that being said , I have always been on your side when you made your point about PFDJ , the only difference is the change of heart when it comes to weyane . What’s there for anyone else who demand justice that you see ? I stand corrected if by any chance weyane are innocent in the eye of an angel .

          • Saleh Johar

            Blink,
            Whatever you views on my views, by now it should be accepted or rejected and we should move on. Whatever your perception is, it’s yours alone. So, let’s keep it civil and nove on. As for the fight against the TPLF, I have no horse in that race and you should stop pestering me for my views. Thank you

        • Berhe Y

          Hi Blink,

          How about you grow up. Why don’t you wake up each morning to make a positive influence in people’s life. Life is short, be open minded and optimistic.

          Please by all means disagree to the points people make, but do so without injecting intentions.

          Here is the disagreements between Kaddis and Simon, the timelines.

          Kaddis is probably thinking 100 or 200 years ago Ethiopia.

          And Simon has to go 500 years to invalidate his points.

          There is no right or wrong but the reference points one is making to support their arguments. It’s valid and legitimate and grown up talk.

          Leave the habes qedes to the PFDJ goons, as they have nothing good to offer.

          Berhe

          • Blink

            Dear Berhe
            Grow up , really? Is that what you tell yourself when you wake up every morning that you are a grown man and you are making change for people, listen you selfcongratulatory , I don’t mind you disagree with my views but you certainly have no clue about grow up thing , you are a man without principle that you go from here to here just to stay in line with these I accuse of weyane lies. You know I hate weyane not for their being Tigrians but for being thieves , backstabbing DNA way of Yohannes and Alula murders of their guest , what Kaddis saying is nothing but a cry baby from a weyane cage . I don’t really care what you think of me and I don’t consider you to change soon but mark my words you will be surprised to know you and all weyane cadre are crying alone for the guilty dinner. You guys can’t change the reality that TPLF are thieves and murderous group , you can not even see the 27 years of weyane , forget speaking about 200 and 500 years . The main reason Ethiopia find itself in this problem is your lovely weyane . Don’t go 100 , do not go even 80 , all you need to see is their founding fathers were all killers . I understand most of you wanted to side with people you think are your closest friends but for me that is evil and deceitful behavior of the Habesha thing we all know ,even if weyane were to stay ok , you people can’t really live without war games . War is the only inherited norm in both sides of the river . How do I know that ? I googled who Yohannes , Alula and then I suddenly got Getachew Asfaha father was again a murder leader at the Hailesilassie killing machine , you see it is all connected.

            Berhe , Happy new year 2019 and I hope you fail to see the reality until 2020. And I really don’t mean to disappoint you but you still failed to see the demand of the people just for the sake of the inheritance in war game .

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Blink,

            All that you wrote does not interest me as it does not solve Eritrea main problem. How ever you said “I have no principle”, I wish you call me on that and challenge me next time or if you already have one so I can engage with you positivity.

            My resolution this year, avoid arguing with people who wanted nothing but Enklil.

            Berhe

          • Desbele

            Selam Berhe,
            Stick to your resolution. They are here with ill intention to distract attention away from our own#1 enemy-DIA.
            Good luck

      • Kaddis

        Hi Simon –

        In case some clarity helps –
        The Oromo’s coming late or assimilate other through force or
        Mogassa does not matter. They were migrating/ aggressing upwards until Raya already in the 17th or 18th century; by the time the
        current constitution was being drafted – they had a draft in their pocket which was used for the transitional charter and some good number of army ( OLF ) to enforce it. If we agree communities deserve to remain with their identity and self-rule – its good enough.

        Ethiopia’s ruling class and government already had an identity ( language, religion, culture etc ..) way before EPRDF and another huge society which felt marginalised. Lets don’t pretend pre-EPRDF was peaceful, accommodative and identity neutral. The current
        constitution was a good attempt to resolve warring forces .

        I only added one more reason we need to appreciate Menilik –
        that is the preservation of multiple identities from western powers.

        • Simon Kaleab

          Selam Kaddis,

          Initially, you said: “the Geda Oromo etc …predate Ethiopia or Abyssinia . So these entities have the right to exist.”

          Now, you are saying “coming late” does not matter.

          A clan or a tribe imports itself, invading and occupying land and swallowing others, breeds uncontrollably and now claims to be oppressed. Worse, for the last 5 centuries, the Oromo played the role of power breakers including as king makers during the Mesafint Zemen [Era of the princes].

          The Oromo were the backbone of Ethiopian armies including Haile Selassie and the Derg. Let us not forget that an Oromo led and dominated party, MEISON, was responsible for the cold blood murder of Ethiopian youth during the Derg.

          You also said: ” …some good number of army ( OLF ) to enforce it.”

          This is laughable, as your claim cannot be supported by facts. The records say that the OLF is only good at massacring innocent civilians. They never liberated a city, a town or a village, held it and administered it on their own.

          The sad fact is that, Oromo elites are using fake identity politics to use rank and file Oromigna speakers to grab power. The end result of armed militia/guerrilla movements is the same: utter failure and disappointment,

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Kaddis,

      Very interesting input. It’s joy when people debate with good undestanding of the stuff they support or oppose. Yours is one that adds to reader’s perspective and makes a difference to some shallow and boring things some post to the pages of this forum just for sake of saying something.

    • Saleh Johar

      Thank you Kaddis,

      If I say anything I will spoil your comments. Nothing to add to your brilliant interjection. I wish someday I can raise those issues. For now, as it is, I do not want to be interfering in Ethiopian history though there is a lot to be said. You want all the gangs to beat me up 🙂

      • Kaddis

        Eshi Gash Saleh 🙂

        As our time historian Noah Harari said ‘Humans have existed for more than two million years, while all nations and religions we know today are the product of the last 3,000 years’. I am sure we have a lot to explore. In Ethiopia – at least people now seems aware there are different version of understanding our history.

        On a serious note – our common friend Shaleqa Dawit Woldegiorigis and his Dergue loyalists are already in Addis throwing symposiums. Check out his video with two catchy recommendations :

        ” ጠም ዓብይ በአዋጅ የኢሕዴግን ፓርላማ ይበትኑ ፣ ህገ መንግስቱን ያግዱ ፣ በአዋጅ ሥልጣን ይረከቡ ። ” meaning ” prime minister Abiy hoy, you need to dissolve the parliament, suspend the constitution by decree and become dictator for few years”… around 10 – 20 minutes

        “There should be Ethiopian soldiers monument in Eritrea” – I saw it in a separate video but part of the long one below …I could not watch this crap for an hour…

        At least for the moment – their audience is their peers from the same era but not sure how much Abiy may find their recommendation interesting

        ESAT Special Program Major Dawit WoldeGiorgis Speech On The 7th Vision Ethiopia Conference Dec 2018

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ArjgcrpsT5k

        Have a great weekend,

        • Berhe Y

          Dear kaddis,

          I saw the clip you mentioned, building monument for Ethiopian solidiers in Eritrea and wanted to see his whole speech. Thank you for the link and I was able to listen the whole thing.

          I think it’s unfortunate that you come to the conclusion his speech is not worth your time. I am not saying what he shared is the right solution to the country (he even said on many occasion that he throwing his ideas and he is not prescribing) which I think he is entitled.

          What would be helpful is for people like yourself to give it series thought and challenge his ideas. I think he has seen and he has a lot of experience, specially in Africa and how things can turn to the worst. For example, I think it’s hard for Ethiopia to get out of this challenges. I don’t see that having the next election will solve the current crisis, specially the way things are developing between Tigray / Amhara region, Oromo and Somalia.

          Berhe

          • Kaddis

            Dear Berhe,
            The neo-dergue have always been vocal mostly from DC, they only changed their location not ideas. Dawit’s message already triggered strong responses from the federalist camp.
            I try to throw some ideas to upcoming outlets like Ethiopian Insight, look for it, let’s see how much influence it will have.
            People need to see the government’s commitment towards the election. The timing should not be a discussion point. We work with the assumption it will be held on time and if some places and dates needs to be moved it’s ok. But the childish statement by Abiy “it’s open for discussion” makes some partys nervous hence violence.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Kaddis,
            Thank you for your reply. I will look it up and read your opinion. I was not necessary agree to Dawit’s comments but I was suggesting dismissing as Derg or like you put it neo- Derg and dismissing is not the best idea.

            I was actually found a lot interesting points in his speech related to Eritrea. For example,
            1) Saleh already mentioned, that there should be a legal treaty between Eritrea and Ethiopia.
            2) His truth and reconciliation points, specially when he gave example to the other African countries and which one he thinks was done right and produced desired outcome. I think when AT and Saleh talk about reconciliation, I would assume it will not be different from what Dawit said. I know just because he said it, it doesn’t mean he is authoritative.
            3) Ethiopian constitution: I think it’s for Ethiopians to decide but one needs to make certain come next election things do not boil down.
            4) His suggestion to find closure for the war between Eritrea and Ethiopia and those who lost the most to find closure albeit difficult. His suggestion of monument is after the desired peace has been reached. Again this is not something I necessarily agree but for future generation to think and consider.

            Suppose we have a situation where the ERITREAN leader departs and we have a new leader, I think Dawit suggestion would be some of the methods to move forward as trasition and Eritreans should consider his paper and adapt / modify it as need be.

            Berhe

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam berhe
            major dawit was the one behind the 1989 coup to overthrow the derg regime. And defected from derg in 1983.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Teodros,

            I know who he is. What are trying to say?

            Berhe

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam berhe
            R u like aman h dam or what? i mentioned to aman h the 5 criteria to create kilil according to ethiopia constitution and he still don’t know why i mention it, keep asking me nonesense. R u doing same thing?
            kaddis said derg dawit derg dawit and i said what said.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Teodros,

            I don’t understand what you saying. Believe I am not trying to ask you non sense.

            Berhe

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam berhe
            That is called slow , how about this, because of kaddis’s dawit derg, dawit derg………. comment, i was trying to tell some of the fact about major dawit relations with derg .

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Tedros,

            Ok, this is enklil.

            Did I say otherwise?

            FYI I grew up in Eritrea when he was Eritrea amaHadari.

            Berhe

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam berhe
            What is wrong with u? did i say anything thing u said otherwise? re-read it from the beginning.

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Teodros,

            Ok, I read it again no clue. Please start again.

            What was the purpose of your first comment to me? Were you trying to tell me who he was thinking if I didn’t know ?

            That’s all I can’t think of now. And if that was your intention, thank you.

            Berhe

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam berhe
            3 intention, 1. Yes i thought maybe u didn’t know his involvement to 1989 coup and defection.
            2, i just used u to transfer my comment to the nonesense.
            3, to show that, i somehow liked ur response to kaddis.
            r we cool now?

          • Berhe Y

            Hi Teodros,

            We cool.

            Berhe

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam TA,

            What did I ask you? I can’t believe when a damn calls you damn. You don’t know Prople are avoiding you from engagement. Just read your comment. People can not even make sense out of it. Leave alone, you have nothing to give and you don’t understand what people are talking.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam aman h
            It is clear u r dam, the argument was about how kilil in ethiopia created and i mentioned the 5 criterias in the constitution to create kilil, but since u r dam, u keep asking me nonesense.

          • Kaddis

            Selam Berhé,
            Glad you find something valuable from his speech. It’s hard for me to take a person seriously who advice to dissolve the government based on a lie; claiming the constitution was not legally consulted 25 years ago. He lives in a country with 200+ years old constitution. It only shows his contempt (Neqet) for Ethiopia.

        • Hameed Al-Arabi

          Ahlan Kaddis,

          Thank you for this clip, Kaddis. If this guy wants to build a monument for his soldiers he can do it in his country. Eritrea is not his country. He should understand they were occupiers only.

          In Eritrea many nations fought, for example, Great Britain, Italians, etc. but didn’t request to build monuments for their soldiers in Eritrea, because Eritrea is not their country. According to your irrational thinking, many countries in the world will request to build monuments for their soldiers in the countries they occupied, which is of course ridiculous.

          I think, you were influenced by Isaias’s courtship to your Trojan-horse to Amharanism. You are dreaming, Shih-Aleqa.

          Al-Arabi

          • Kaddis

            Dear Al-Arabi,
            I am clearly against the shaleqa’s ideas. Just flagging it to Gash Saleh.
            I saw monuments built for German genocidal invaders in Namibia and it’s replacement by local fighters is a sensitive issue. I was disgusted.

        • Saleh Johar

          HelloKaddis,
          I listened to it yesterday and I decided to ignore everything he said (he is just being himself). But I liked one sentence he said: ABiy shaking hands with Isaias is not everything and the agreement should be debated and cleared–something along these lines. I was feeling charitable and even tweeted saying I liked what the major said. But on monuments, I don’t mind it once we finish building monuments for all Eritreans who were killed by the Haile Sellassie and Derg regimes. I believe Ethiopians should build monuments for their own in Ethiopia.

          • Kaddis

            Hello Gash Saleh,
            I was just flagging his points so that you see the video, not in any form supporting his ideas. Ethiopia and Eritrea is in an awkward relationship to entertain monuments.
            True, it’s good the neo-dergues speak on the open so that people are clear on what they support or not.

          • Saleh Johar

            Ahlan Kaddis,
            Ideology is tough to shed out, if not for the Derg thinking stain, I met the man and he is really a gentleman and very understanding when he listens to views different than his. I prefer him to the crude idiots anytime. Dialogue is good for healing and even if I do not expect him to understand my feeling in full, I understand his. For example, he was in tears remembering his fallen comrades. I am not sure that we also have many friends who were killed by his comrades–and many, many, many of our villagers massacred en-masse. Rationally speaking, it is the one who goes to someone’s village to kill who is the aggressor. That is the beginning of understanding the issue and coming to terms with it. But we should not go on doing it and agitating for it. Unknowingly many are just doing that–agitating for a repeat of the tragedies.

    • Hayat Adem

      Kaddis,
      You are a treasure yourself. I learned the federalism in Ethiopia is NOT ethnicity based per se. I am corrected myself very recently. The three factors in consideration when sttructuring the states are: culture, language and geography.

  • Abraham H.

    Selam Hope, remember there is a difference between people to people relationship and regime to regime. When the relationship between the PFDJ and the TPLF is as it used to be for the last 20 years, then the Tigray people, esp. those who are near the border could feel insecurity for renewed hostilities, hence the need for a protecting force. Because you never know what step that erratic despot across the border could take any time. The fact that the new Ethiopian PM is conspiring against Tigray with the Eritrean dictator could also add to their unease.

  • DabraKadabra

    Oh boy. What do you old geezer want from PM Abiy? He is the Prime Minister
    of Ethiopia, and not the president of Eritrea. He has a lot in his
    plate, including bringing to justice TPLF crooks hiding in Mekelle. It
    seems like you want him to go easy on the criminal woyanes. There is an
    Amharic saying that best describes your predicament- Afincha simeta ayn
    yaleqsal. 😁

  • DabraKadabra

    Oh boy. What do you old geezer want from PM Abiy? He is the Prime Minister of Ethiopia, and not the president of Eritrea. He has a lot in his plate, including bringing to justice TPLF crooks hiding in Mekelle. It seems like you want him to go easy on the criminal woyanes. There is an Amharic saying that best describes your predicament- Afincha simeta ayn yaleqsal. 😁

  • TruthWins

    I lost you and stopped reading your piece when you wrote “chauvinists of Abyssinia”. Abiy and the majority of Ethiopians want the united and strong Ethiopia to be back. Your kinds are mercenaries of Egypt and other Arab countries who doesn’t want to see a united Ethiopia. You gave them Eritrea.

    • Abraham H.

      Selam TruthWins, as we speak, it is the Eritrean despot who has sold, at least, parts of the Eritrean land and sea to the highest bidding Arabs. What is so surprising is that his slaves, the PFDJ thugs, are not saying a word about this sale of the Assab Airport, Assab port, and a sizeable land and coastline around Assab.

    • said

      Greetings,Truthwin
      Light Years Gap Separating the Abyssinian from True Civilizations.
      The Gap, in terms of the ideal civilized and enlightened conduct between the Scandinavia countries ,I.E Norwegians, as the epitome of true civilized people, and the Abyssinian is huge and very disheartening. This lead me to strongly believe in the deep chasm that exists between the much touted Monist Moral and Ethical ethos as entailed in the Holly Books, and the real Abyssinian character. However, with the apparent irreconcilable reality of the Kingdom Feudal with deep respect to our brothern Christian and their Holly Books and the product of the actual Character of the adherent, this calls for a serious pause: Call for Abyssinian Reform to Separate the Wheat from the Chafe, that the Universal Moral and Ethical component in religious and moral teachings, be given special emphasis as all other narratives and injunctions are deemphasized and utterly neutralized.
      This remains a wishful thinking of a humungous undertaking precluded by prevalent mindsets and deficient educational systems. For thousand years Kingdom Feudal A top-down initiative of the Separation of religion and the State, as educational reform would follow, are the only hope for the Abyssinian to effect reform to the Abyssinian Character, Abyssinian conduct and the dominating influencing Abyssinian culture at the expense of non Abyssinian people .

      My First time in Finland and and get to know Scandinavia people , I was most impressed with the people and the country, I felt the very painful contrast between our World and the life in a truly Civilized Scandinavian world. The Chasm is very huge in both “Mindset” and “Attitudes”and same could said about many third world countries , which kept wringing in my ears a coined phrase by the Islamic Reformer Muhammad Abdo relating his reflections on a visit to Paris in 1890 that “He found there Muslims Without Islam,” as in our region of World The road to catching up is disappointedly very long and few countries have successful made it .
      Let me start, most factually and genuinely, Scandinavia people for the their wonderful country and the lovely people the Scandinavia are, generally speaking . I believe I am not good judge of cultures and people as I have experienced during the past half a century a great number of varied cultures and civilizations East & West.
      In my humble view, and without a tinge of exaggeration, Scandinavia, in its current state, epitomizes the ultimate in the ideal model of “Civil Society.” In almost every regard, and beyond the shadow of any doubt, the Scandinavia people and Scandinavia systems set Scandinavia a world apart from the rest of the World, foremost the Western Democracies.
      Respect of the individual, the human rights; of the environment and nature are well instilled in the very psyche of almost every Scandinavia resident beyond the deterrent obligations of the dictates of laws and ordinances. The kindness, tolerance and hospitality of the Scandinavia people are inspiring and are overwhelming.
      As a keen observer of the intricacies of the complex human social and cultural interactions in myriad countries, I was impressed with the flow of natural harmony affecting people’s lives. As someone who is ever in search of a Utopian Civilization and cultures, I confess, with utter confidence, that I found the Utopian Civilization in this part of the World. And wishing well to all Abyssinian people and non Abyssinian people.

      • Simon Kaleab

        Selam said,

        You said: “The Gap, in terms of the ideal civilized and enlightened conduct between the Scandinavia countries ,I.E Norwegians, as the epitome of true
        civilized people, and the Abyssinian is huge and very disheartening.”

        The formation of the character of a nation, like that of an individual, is hugely [if not exclusively] influenced by its surroundings. The Abyssinian neighbourhood is very rough, on both sides of the Red sea.

        The Germanic people [which includes the English, the Dutch, the Scandinavians and the Germans] have not always been as calm as you perceive them to be.

        Their current behaviour is a product of Christianity and the Reformation.

        The details of their gruesome past I will leave to you to find out. The grass

  • Brhan

    Hello SGJ
    They say the ball is with someone and now the ball is with Abiy. And he is not going to play a ball but politics. The only thing that the core of EPRDF , TPLF , had to do in mid 2018 is was pass the ball to him but it played well but in mid 2018 , it knew it won’t score goals.. But there is an assumption within the TPLF that Abiy too won’t score goals even if he played as wild as a bull. The better player is not the one who plays well but the ones who score, because a game, sorry , politics is all about scoring. Isayas is saying he score a goal due to resilience , nay, the game is not over , the game has just started

    • Natom Habom

      selam Brhan
      there is no game to play anymore tplf will never never come back
      the scavengers left will be wipe out soon ,let them play tough will see how far they get ,their minqegna eyes is sighted toward Eritrea now as usual what can we expect
      anyway score or no score ,keep giving to yourself hope where there is none .

      • Brhan

        Hi Habtom.
        Do you mean politics is dead when you say no game? If yes then I might not see you commenting again in this great website!

  • Saleh Johar

    Ahlan Abi,
    Sure. Keep them coming just do not try to forget your decency. Otherwise, I can engage with you or others all you want. Now that you graded me, let me do mine on you: you are an intelligent person, but equally indecent, rude, and disrespectful. Otherwise, we would have been good friends. I tried, and you know it, but you wouldn’t come an inch to meet others when they come a mile to accommodate you. Try it, you will feel good about yourself.

    • Teodros Alem

      Selam.Saleh Johar
      major dawit, ur buddy(whatever he is) propose people to people reconciliation between eritrea and ethiopia, exactly as u want it to be, but he need a monument to be erected at the end of the reconciliation for ethiopia soldiers (derg and hs soldiers) in eritrea.
      what do u think?

  • Saleh Johar

    Dear Hope,
    Defend him all you want Hope, but do it on your own. Do not come to me to tell me why I do this or that. If you praise him all you want, without involving me, I will not ask you why you praise him–but I might raise some of the points I disagree with and try to argue on them without berating you what you said them. That is the tiny difference.

  • Saleh Johar

    Hi Hope,
    I know that just enough. What I don’t understand and don’t know is why you volunteer to. Advocate and defend his position. I dint question his right to do anything he pleases. I didn’t question he is the Ethiopian prime minister. But now that you are his lawyer, I might need a lawyer to talk to you—lawyer to lawyer. I am interested in your argument not in your defending of someone who doesn’t need it. I hope you understand that

  • said

    Greeting Alhande and Happy new year to all
    Bear with me. In my strange Sleeping Habits, got up middle of the night with the voice of the Persian Poet Philosopher Omar El-Khayyam calling from the wilderness with the poignant line of one of his famous Rubaiyat (Quatrains):
    “Sufficiently you Slept; Life is but a Short Journey; Wakeup to the Moment before the Age suddenly Slips; for Sleeping Changes None of a Mortal’s Longevity.”
    Dug out one of musing to share that I pondered two decades gone, as of it was yesterday, rather an hour or minutes away. The poems of Omar El-Khayyam’s had a beautiful lasting ring to them, the Sufi universal genius Khayyam was preceding the Master Ibn El-Rumi one century of age singing much earlier to the tunes of the most beautiful Soul Rumi.

    Somehow, my dear Awate friends, sorry for very often writing long opinion that simply streams to my mind and without even editing it and reviewing my thought as I resign to my self and realize that I did not take mercy on you imposing my passionate outbursts of self-righteous perception of reality, I feel diminished. Politics being politics.

    Self-righteousness deprives me from the chance to connect with the universal world , the extension of truly who I am. Cleansing of the heart at the dawn of every moment of consciousness redeems me to the wholeness of who I meant to be. The agitation of recrimination, of what’s right and wrong, marginalized me on my ambitious quest to attain spiritual reality, the enlightenment, the Nirvana, the ultimate reversion to the primordial source of a wandering Sufi.
    I am rendered the victim of my own ego personifying the almighty in diagnosing the ills of the universe of the obvious and tangible. I succumbed to the limitations of my sensory perceptions, voted them supreme and ultimate in the eagerness to mend a false reality. I fell prey to the illusions of space and time, and the fallibility of mortals, the wandering herd revering symbols and rites of their doing.
    Now that I tortured you with more than you can bear of politicking and guilt with some of my today recent long comments ,is being my habituate way and very hard to condense it and make short , let me regain some of my conscious awareness; let me connect with my whole, good spirit and souls, the extension of me, An awakening call from the abyss of recrimination, to the light of the spontaneous, simple and Banal.
    Don’t Dance…. So Fast

    Have you ever watched kids on a merry-go-round or listened to the rain
    lapping on the ground?
    Ever followed a butterfly’s erratic flight, gazed at the sun into the fading night?

    You’d better slow down … Don’t dance so fast …Time is short …
    The music won’t last.
    Do you run through each day on the fly? When you ask “How are you?” Do you hear the reply? When day is done… Do you lie in your bed …With the next hundred chores running through your head?
    You’d better slow down….Don’t dance so fast…Time is short….The
    music won’t last.
    Ever told your child, we’ll do it tomorrow…And in your haste,
    not see his sorrow? Ever lost touch, Let a good friendship
    die Because you never had time….To call and say “Hi”?
    You’d better slow down…. Don’t dance so fast….Time is short….
    The music won’t last.
    When you run so fast to get somewhere….You miss half the fun of
    getting there.
    When you worry and hurry through your
    day,…It is like an unopened gift..…Thrown away…
    Life is not a race…..Do take it slower….Hear the music… Before the song is over.

  • Saleh Johar

    Dear Hope,
    I gave you the delegation already. Please give him all the credit on my behalf. And thank you for exposing to me what Kigne wrote did he write in Russian? Maybe tha is why you thought I didn’t understand him.

    An advice: stick to your views, please.

  • Simon Kaleab

    Selam Hope,

    You said: “I will absolutely do my best …”

    What can you do? Will you lead an army against them? If so, I am willing to organise a whip-round for the cost of your one-way journey to the border of Tigray.

  • Saleh Johar

    Ahlan Said,
    I second Alhande, your comments are too long to serve in a forum discussion. Try to pick the main points and encourage engagements.

  • FishMilk

    Hello All. There is a YouTube clip going around title ‘Why Tigrayans are posing as Eritrean opposition’. Articles such as the above lend fuel to such assertions and continue to divide Eritrean opposition groups along party lines (Old school ELF who previously maintained a base in TPLF controlled Ethiopia vs disenfranchised EPLF and supporters) rendering them as ineffective and lacking credibility. Casting the Abyssinia net also is misguided. The Eritrean opposition elements which are adamant in destroying the credibility of PMAA just don’t get it.

  • said

    Greetings,

    Thank SG for your article is nourishing food for thought for anyone who reads it attentively and care to know and reflect.

    Thank you for bringing to our attention our brethren Afar people suffering and Considering the mountains of problems that they faced, and it is much worst today. It is about time we give full attention to Assab and the Dankali . clear majority of people of Good Will Eritreans will agree with your suggestion, to protect minorities and their legal rights to share the wealth of their territories.
    Eritrean need to be reminding that when we think about Eritrean diverse identity, we are often bound by recent history and some form of myths as much as cultural realities. Challenging prevailing notions of nationhood, creed, ethnicity and politics, and drawing on fascinating Eritrean historical tales. Presently Eritrea as a failed state, the communist ethicist sellers of forgeries, vicious ethnocentric, follower ethnicities myth, shallow regime, an unreconstructed political outfit, backward regionalist, bands of fanatical rogue regime and corrupt self-seekers. This punch of group supporters of IA, they seemed detached from reality, that’s because they perfectly reflected and mirror of IA and his cohort , uniquely ruthless when it came to advancing IA goals. The hard-core regime supporters will continue until long after the wild flowers dry up on their master grave. None of this apparently mattered to regime supporters’ creations fanatic, regime illegal assault on their minority on tradition and religious heritage encompasses all Eritrea. Do not mattered, regime enforced state atheism in Eritrea and ever-disorienting and fabricated and commodified existence do not mater. Unfortunately humanist and openminded Liberalism is in retreat in Eritrea , the rule of law is no exitance under threat and Eritrea is short of unity, political strong willpower and practical good ideas no where to be seeing .for 27 years the reins of power rest in the hands of IA / PFDJ Government , secretive, manipulative and one strongman ,very oppressive and abusive , vainglorious demagogues .Eritrea never seeing before ., this is extremely dangerous trend. Given Eritrea small population and size and geographical location, it should be a fundamental national interest to all peace-loving countries both not to drift from the human rights mainstream. That, after all, was an ideal at the heart of all Eritrean dream except the hard-core regime supporters.
    In our region the fact and truth remain distance to have democracy , justice, and liberty are in pipe dream. They can be resurrected and restored without knowledge, education and information. In Eritrea few people have that information. The young are born after independence into what exists dictatorship and they know nothing else , and as the cruel dictatorship unleashes and increases year by year, tyranny and dictatorship becomes the natural order to them. Indeed, they do not recognize dictatorship and nor justice, and liberty
    Ethiopian people revolted due to exploitation and injustice by their recent rulers and lies of corrupt politicians and systems It is totally unacceptable and intolerable and it was never going tp last .
    First I am not qualified to give solutions. Ethiopian revolted against unpopular and unjust governments? And exactly what happened .
    We should not be fooled or we where taking for fool. Then comes the savor Abiymania Abiy Ahmed cocktail of two main faith His father was Muslim and his mother Christian. a former army intelligence officer, speaks all three of the country’s main languages It helps , Ethiopia’s 42-year-old prime minister and the new lion most opened new frontier with Eritrea, the good that come out of it at least families separated for a generation to pour across the border in tearful reunion is positive side .Prime minister AA in past few months, after all of sadden departure of his anchored predecessor. The vast majority Ethiopian thirst for political change that his top post ascendance, and the startling use he has made of his new-found authority, have been greeted with near-euphoria. Mr Abiy is an insider with but with change at an outsider’s with idea perspective on his country’s very complexities and many contradictions. For his credit PMAA released thousands of political prisoners, it take courage and self-confidence to legalised opposition parties, free press and no restrictions on internet controls. He has proposed opening Ethiopian market for outside investor the telecoms and airline sectors to foreign capital, a change that would breathe new life into an economy reaching the limits of state planning. If PMAA he able to emphasis to issues manifesto of economic policy for equal and justice economy , that is so deeply disconcerting to those who sat comfortably for years atop the hierarchy of the distribution of Ethiopian wealth. This is a key issue will be bread and butter .Central command capitalism was to blame for making and keeping people poor and few rich . including a rigid and authoritarian leadership style that did delver goods at end to hungry masses.
    Let’s talk about the fact that past ignorance, ineptitude and cruelty are not unique to the Ethiopia king Haile Selassie and crony feudal corrupt system . They have been hallmarks of the Ethiopia police state prior and From 1974 to 1991 ,Now Ethiopia isn’t communist, or even close, Poor Ethiopia, has tried so hard to be a ruthless capitalist, in fact Ethiopia has succeeded at this goal and but realty recent past of 2018 Ethiopia ruling party were feast on the carcass of the dying of Ethiopia , PMAA is not a man who is raging against the EPRDF ruling machine. He is too much a part of the inner machine. His Oromo party were hapless and willing enablers, are a close second .His EPRDF party are the one who are getting richer, average and vast majority Ethiopians are getting poorer, the Ethiopia military is getting mybe is less militaristic, no more endless wars are getting more for peace orientation, and the prospect of peace grows ever better .in its 27 years of rule EPRDF render Ethiopian citizenry powerless in the face of the government’s power grabs and abusive tactics. PMAA appearance like a wonder man , pretty cool guy. And when it came to the region , a much better diplomat. He is cool,colactive predictable, not reckless, not stupid and not vengeful,A man of peace . he is not lokinf an enemy to go war and nor looking for scapegoat,the old EPRDF Someone to blame, not something to change.
    This is the hidden or open face of the EPRDF police state. Why should they? He’s giving EPRDF. exactly what they want. Despite claims to the contrary, Ethiopian flock to PMAA as they yearn for a Revelations-style apocalypse, PMAA has reminded us of the real cause for alarm,and this good for Ethiopia ,as of now nothing has really happened.
    in Normal time and situation PMAA would be complicit in contributing to the build-up of EPRDF political party and the top brass of military’s role in dictating Ethiopian national and international policy. Ethiopians ruling sold to Ethiopians in the name of national security and peace, they maintained by power by the way of martial law disguised as law and order, and enforced by a standing army of militarized police and a political elite crony determined to maintain their powers at all costs—that it’s hard to pinpoint exactly but since 2015 ,wakup call ,when it all started going downhill,

    May be PMAA during the business studies at London’s University of Greenwich and with a doctorate in Conflict Resolution, During this period elastically and spicily change must have happened deep reflection and intense soul-searching and upon his return close interaction with ordinary Ethiopian people on the street, he gradually underwent an inner transformation and a radically altered political vision. My assumption PMAA sided with poor Ethiopian and the wretched of the earth. where the in old system elderly are deemed no longer useful and the poor are leftovers to their destiny .If this the case then
    His political enemies were at a disadvantage in fighting ideological battles on his turf. To embraced a philosophy that would make vast people more richer and more free. The remaining oligarchy will worke overtime to undermine him. Who are rich, greedy and unscrupulous. Yet at same paradoxically calming in introduced unprecedented levels of totalitarianism and oppression by inventing and ruling through Communism. TPLF was with Eastern Communist camp. The rivalry between the two superpowers extended to many countries in Africa, as most countries had to attach themselves to one of the two camps this was giving on those days before the end and With the collapse of the Soviet Union. TPLF swished its political orientation to unipolar American policy.

    For PMAA what matters is Ethiopia, self-tailored and claimed job title as the peace maker and honest peace broker and the aspirations of the Eritrean people are still inconsequential. No one knows from Eritrean side the interlocutors, wheelers and dealers, and so called saviors. and in which the fate of the Eritrean people is left to inept leader, incapable of thinking outside the permissible space allocated to him PMAA.

    On Peace note agreement headed by PMAA and IA with his adjoint minions , – is so typical of the structural deficiency in the making of the Eritrean and Ethiopian mind.
    So true and typical of Eritrean ’ reality are the following anomalies as best demonstrated at the signing ceremony of the peace Accords:
    1) Lack of rational thinking;

    2) Total absence of Transparency;

    3) Total Lack of Accountability; and,

    4) Total absence of any notion or form of representative democracy.

    Eritrean IA and his cohort mind, right across the board with some Eritrean being no exception, suffers from inherent cultural problem owing to centuries, rather millennia- Shaping of the Eritrean mind. Just watch the commotion, the hoopla that IA and PMAA. Worth noting in this regard:
    1) As follows of the signing recent peace IA took the initiative impacting the Eritrean’ lives and future without reverting to any duly elected Eritrean Representative body for review and ratifications. No, the Hell anybody knew what did the peace Accords contain; i.e. never debated or reviewed by any representative democratically elected Eritrean body. IA signed the Accords in his capacity as the virtual de facto sole authority deciding on the Eritrean lives and future.

    2) With regard to the commotion in the videoclip above, series of tragic episodes took place:

    PMAA loved him and hate him . Respect him or detest him – and both camps are well-subscribed – there’s no denying that PMAA has exercised an enormous influence on Ethiopian politics and public life in his short few months. PMAA listen to all Ethiopian with respect . and his known to be tolerant respect for his opponents, a willingness to accept that Ethiopian opposition too are motivated by good intentions. Compromise is in the air .Ethiopian are in the grip of a form of idealism and admiration so overwhelmed and overheated that they forget the ordinary and vital details of life and politics as life goes on. PMAA As if to emphasise a completely different idea of what Ethiopian centre right politics should look like His admirers put him in the same league as such celebrated and instinctive as young Mandela . in contrast and the very opposite of IA both internally and externally, through intrusion, bullying and fear. Anyone who dares to disagree with demagogue IA ,it is his end coming . Everything, in other words, that PMAA isn’t. For IA democracy, freedom and rule of law” have “absolutely no value ,change will happen, how and when no body knows . Yet there comes a point when the ground gives way. And when the breakdown happens, Eritrea after 27 years under IA, appears to have reached that point. But it will also show Eritrean that this ongoing oppression and scheming will fail sooner or later . Eritrea people will fight for justice and fight against oppression because righteousness always prevails. it can happen very fast.as it did in Ethiopia ,the jury is out ? to have posed that question only one year ago would have seemed absurd.
    at least there is some in change in Ethiopia, it is for many Ethiopia stimulating change, Ethiopia are demanding response and accommodation. Over the last 25 years or so Ethiopia a peaceful, gentle and quite demand, yet profound shift in attitudes has indeed been taking place within large numbers of Ethiopian people; the increased level of social-political participation and in Ethiopia revolt against historical injustice and suppression testify to this development. Whist this is extremely positive, urgent and fundamental change is required if the many issues facing Ethiopian are to be overcome and a new way of living set in motion. Change will come to Ethiopia.
    What are the crises facing Ethiopia humanity: – poverty, inequality, , the internal displacement of people, and, Ethiopia above all is festering beneath all of these, the socio-economic systems under which Ethiopia all live. These issues, and they are but the most pressing, are the effects of certain ideals and conditioned ways of thinking; they are the results of the underlying Ethiopian major crisis, what we might term the Crisis in real term and Ethiopian Consciousness, or the Crisis of sympathy and Love. Not token sentimental, empty word of emotional love, but love as equality, as justice and a unifying force for liberation from human bondage and real change. Love as the true Sword of Cleavage and uplifting, spirt as the exposer of all that is false, unequal ,unjust and corrupt eradication in our part of world of horn of Africa.

  • Selam All,

    What is really wanted of the pm of ethiopia? What is that the eritrean opposition could have done and pm Abiy has not done? Can anybody tell us what the eritrean opposition did better over the last three decades and the pm is spoiling it for them? Is thirty years of inaction and failure equal to thirty years of non-existent success? Where does the crime of the pm really lie, that they call him fake, incompetent, coward and what not? Why the frustration of failure making people so irrational, that they wish nothing is done instead of being exposed to the eritrean people for their incompetence?

    Let us say that these are the ethiopian pm’s main crimes he is accused of. He is standing shoulder to shoulder with the eritrean dictator, he is standing for ethiopian unity, and he is the reason that tplf has lost central power in ethiopia, although it was the ethiopian people who evicted tplf from power.

    Unless the status quo of no-war-no-peace and the continuous political-economical-social decline of eritrea, is supposed to be better than the peace deal, opening of the borders for trade and the free movement of people, what the ethiopian pm has done cannot be said to be harming eritreans at home. On this points we hear the view of the well to do diaspora eritreans and not the ordinary people themselves in eritrea, who are living the predicament of twenty years of fear, uncertainty, political-economic-social stagnation, the half millions of eritrean parents who have lost their sons and daughters due to the forced exodus, and some of them (thousands) lost forever in the the sahara desert, sinai and the Med. Sea.

    The changes that came from the ethiopian side, helped abort or mitigate the above, and eritreans are travelling today much more safely, the economy is defrosted and life has started to move. These are the things pm Abiy is accused for, because he has not waited another decade or so until the opposition comes, if it ever comes. What have those who oppose the pm done to save the eritrean people from these predicaments that they accuse him for working with the dictator? Nothing. He had to work with somebody from the eritrean side. Unfortunately, the eritrean opposition is still awol, thirty years later and counting.

    Of course, his stand for ethiopian unity is abhorred by those who do not want to see a strong ethiopia in the region, a democratic ethiopia that could be home equally for all her ethnic groups. On the contrary, those who demean ethiopia, want a different arrangement of mini states that can easily be manipulated and controlled by the strongest or by some sort of combination, which has nothing to do with democracy, but with dictatorship.

    The most unbelievable of all is that of eritreans who lament that tplf, the nemesis of the eritrean people for the last three decades, is gone. They regretted to such an extent that they are fighting for its survival with all their power, completely forgetful of the pain and suffering of the eritrean people under tplf’s no-war-no-peace policy of political-economic-social annihilation, that almost destroyed eritrea. This is indeed what one can call ‘the stockholm syndrome’ (more or less).

    What does all these point to? It is easy to talk about the eritrean dictator,and yet, better nothing is done about it, and the easiest thing is to blame others whatever they do. Forget about the peace deal and the little things that trickle to the ordinary people of eritrea, that improve their everyday lives, but think about all the sinister scenarios, rational and irrational, the enemy (pm Abiy) may have in mind. Therefore, close the doors and windows, as it used to be, bring back the status quo, and continue the experimentation to see if the people of eritrea can still stand the suffering, until the opposition who does nothing comes to power.

    • Blink

      Dear Horizon
      Some corners of the opposition leadership and their small cadres as well as activists would be very happy if the PM Abiy could wage a war and order the Ethiopian military to attack Eritrea on all fronts . They are openly calling for the PM to punish Issias and the Eritrean military forces that is what they wanted .

      These people, I mean almost all old ex-ELF are not happy about the wind of peace around the border and the one thing they have to do is help TPLF propaganda machine in diminishing PM Abiy . You can see the prove just under their comment .

    • Hameed Al-Arabi

      Hi Horison,

      Is the only solution you have collaboration with despot? My friend, Eritreans are not animals that just need fodder, they are human beings and their human rights should be respected. Please, don’t give us lectures about Tiff and Buna you have sold to Eritreans. Eritreans didn’t struggle to get Tiff from Ethiopia, their struggle was to get rid of all kinds of oppression and to attain that end they will continue their struggle for 30+30+ 30 … years until freedom is materialized. Thirty years too big for an individual person, but for a people it is three hours or three minutes, just like that.

      My friend, Eritreans accuse your Abij for giving a new life to the dictator of Eritrea. The best thing to do your Abij is to demarcate the border and stop there. It is impossible to claim liberalism and at the same time deal with a notorious criminal. Actually, it is undigested condition by sane minds.

      Al-Arabi

      • Selam Al Arabi,

        ለተቀመጠ ሰማይ ቅርቡ ነዉ፣ and deciding for others in their absence and condemning them to a hundred years of sacrifice, at no cost to oneself, is the easiest thing to do. It is fake patriotism. There is no democracy or freedom without economic well-being.

        Have you contested the despot’s power in any way imaginable up to now, to complain that pm Abiy is giving a new life to the dictator? The despot leaves his country and returns without any problem whatsoever any time he likes, which means that he has everything under control, and needs nobody’s help. You people still continue to say, start the war without me, and yet, you expect to depose the dictator. What a myth.

        • Hameed Al-Arabi

          Hi Horizon,

          I think, it is better to feed your hungry people and shift those who live at tin plates houses at borders of sewage rivers, inhuman scenery, to houses befit human beings. It is better your Abij to take care of his people who are killing each other out of the law. Putting your noses in our issues or the region will not make you a great country. The predecessors of Abij carried out similar policies, but led them to nothing except to a country that her people practices a jungle law in A DIGITAL AGE. Really, you are 3000 years back from the civilized world.

          Al-Arabi

    • FishMilk

      Hi Horizon. Even if PM Abiy were an absolute angel, many here would still go for his scalp, It’s all about an old political party, even more desperate than PIA, to gain political control of Eritrea.

      • Saleh Johar

        Hi Fishmilk,
        So far we know who is practically going for the scalp of Eritreans, underage at that. I don’t think you want them to mention who 🙂

        • Simon Kaleab

          Selam Saleh,

          There are 3 categories:

          1) Going for the creamy milk of Cash Cows.

          2) Going for the sweat of bonded labourers.

          3) Going for the scalp of those who try flee.

        • DabraKadabra

          SJ, save us the hyperbole. You are just sad that your METEC cheque has dried up.

  • said

    Greetings,

    Thank SG for your article is nourishing food for thought for anyone who reads it attentively and care to know and reflect.

    Thank you for bringing to our attention our brethren Afar people suffering and Considering the mountains of problems that they faced, and it is much worst today. It is about time we give full attention to Assab and the Dankali . clear majority of people of Good Will Eritreans will agree with your suggestion, to protect minorities and their legal rights to share the wealth of their territories.
    Eritrean need to be reminding that when we think about Eritrean diverse identity, we are often bound by recent history and some form of myths as much as cultural realities. Challenging prevailing notions of nationhood, creed, ethnicity and politics, and drawing on fascinating Eritrean historical tales. Presently Eritrea as a failed state, the communist ethicist sellers of forgeries, vicious ethnocentric, follower ethnicities myth, shallow regime, an unreconstructed political outfit, backward regionalist, bands of fanatical rogue regime and corrupt self-seekers. This punch of group supporters of IA, they seemed detached from reality, that’s because they perfectly reflected and mirror of IA and his cohort , uniquely ruthless when it came to advancing IA goals. The hard-core regime supporters will continue until long after the wild flowers dry up on their master grave. None of this apparently mattered to regime supporters’ creations fanatic, regime illegal assault on their minority on tradition and religious heritage encompasses all Eritrea. Do not mattered, regime enforced state atheism in Eritrea and ever-disorienting and fabricated and commodified existence do not mater. Unfortunately humanist and openminded Liberalism is in retreat in Eritrea , the rule of law is no exitance under threat and Eritrea is short of unity, political strong willpower and practical good ideas no where to be seeing .for 27 years the reins of power rest in the hands of IA / PFDJ Government , secretive, manipulative and one strongman ,very oppressive and abusive , vainglorious demagogues .Eritrea never seeing before ., this is extremely dangerous trend. Given Eritrea small population and size and geographical location, it should be a fundamental national interest to all peace-loving countries both not to drift from the human rights mainstream. That, after all, was an ideal at the heart of all Eritrean dream except the hard-core regime supporters.
    In our region the fact and truth remain distance to have democracy , justice, and liberty are in pipe dream. They can be resurrected and restored without knowledge, education and information. In Eritrea few people have that information. The young are born after independence into what exists dictatorship and they know nothing else , and as the cruel dictatorship unleashes and increases year by year, tyranny and dictatorship becomes the natural order to them. Indeed, they do not recognize dictatorship and nor justice, and liberty
    Ethiopian people revolted due to exploitation and injustice by their recent rulers and lies of corrupt politicians and systems It is totally unacceptable and intolerable and it was never going tp last .
    First I am not qualified to give solutions. Ethiopian revolted against unpopular and unjust governments? And exactly what happened .
    We should not be fooled or we where taking for fool. Then comes the savor Abiymania Abiy Ahmed cocktail of two main faith His father was Muslim and his mother Christian. a former army intelligence officer, speaks all three of the country’s main languages It helps , Ethiopia’s 42-year-old prime minister and the new lion most opened new frontier with Eritrea, the good that come out of it at least families separated for a generation to pour across the border in tearful reunion is positive side .Prime minister AA in past few months, after all of sadden departure of his anchored predecessor. The vast majority Ethiopian thirst for political change that his top post ascendance, and the startling use he has made of his new-found authority, have been greeted with near-euphoria. Mr Abiy is an insider with but with change at an outsider’s with idea perspective on his country’s very complexities and many contradictions. For his credit PMAA released thousands of political prisoners, it take courage and self-confidence to legalised opposition parties, free press and no restrictions on internet controls. He has proposed opening Ethiopian market for outside investor the telecoms and airline sectors to foreign capital, a change that would breathe new life into an economy reaching the limits of state planning. If PMAA he able to emphasis to issues manifesto of economic policy for equal and justice economy , that is so deeply disconcerting to those who sat comfortably for years atop the hierarchy of the distribution of Ethiopian wealth. This is a key issue will be bread and butter .Central command capitalism was to blame for making and keeping people poor and few rich . including a rigid and authoritarian leadership style that did delver goods at end to hungry masses.
    Let’s talk about the fact that past ignorance, ineptitude and cruelty are not unique to the Ethiopia king Haile Selassie and crony feudal corrupt system . They have been hallmarks of the Ethiopia police state prior and From 1974 to 1991 ,Now Ethiopia isn’t communist, or even close, Poor Ethiopia, has tried so hard to be a ruthless capitalist, in fact Ethiopia has succeeded at this goal and but realty recent past of 2018 Ethiopia ruling party were feast on the carcass of the dying of Ethiopia , PMAA is not a man who is raging against the EPRDF ruling machine. He is too much a part of the inner machine. His Oromo party were hapless and willing enablers, are a close second .His EPRDF party are the one who are getting richer, average and vast majority Ethiopians are getting poorer, the Ethiopia military is getting mybe is less militaristic, no more endless wars are getting more for peace orientation, and the prospect of peace grows ever better .in its 27 years of rule EPRDF render Ethiopian citizenry powerless in the face of the government’s power grabs and abusive tactics. PMAA appearance like a wonder man , pretty cool guy. And when it came to the region , a much better diplomat. He is cool,colactive predictable, not reckless, not stupid and not vengeful,A man of peace . he is not lokinf an enemy to go war and nor looking for scapegoat,the old EPRDF Someone to blame, not something to change.
    This is the hidden or open face of the EPRDF police state. Why should they? He’s giving EPRDF. exactly what they want. Despite claims to the contrary, Ethiopian flock to PMAA as they yearn for a Revelations-style apocalypse, PMAA has reminded us of the real cause for alarm,and this good for Ethiopia ,as of now nothing has really happened.
    in Normal time and situation PMAA would be complicit in contributing to the build-up of EPRDF political party and the top brass of military’s role in dictating Ethiopian national and international policy. Ethiopians ruling sold to Ethiopians in the name of national security and peace, they maintained by power by the way of martial law disguised as law and order, and enforced by a standing army of militarized police and a political elite crony determined to maintain their powers at all costs—that it’s hard to pinpoint exactly but since 2015 ,wakup call ,when it all started going downhill,

    May be PMAA during the business studies at London’s University of Greenwich and with a doctorate in Conflict Resolution, During this period elastically and spicily change must have happened deep reflection and intense soul-searching and upon his return close interaction with ordinary Ethiopian people on the street, he gradually underwent an inner transformation and a radically altered political vision. My assumption PMAA sided with poor Ethiopian and the wretched of the earth. where the in old system elderly are deemed no longer useful and the poor are leftovers to their destiny .If this the case then
    His political enemies were at a disadvantage in fighting ideological battles on his turf. To embraced a philosophy that would make vast people more richer and more free. The remaining oligarchy will worke overtime to undermine him. Who are rich, greedy and unscrupulous. Yet at same paradoxically calming in introduced unprecedented levels of totalitarianism and oppression by inventing and ruling through Communism. TPLF was with Eastern Communist camp. The rivalry between the two superpowers extended to many countries in Africa, as most countries had to attach themselves to one of the two camps this was giving on those days before the end and With the collapse of the Soviet Union. TPLF swished its political orientation to unipolar American policy.

    For PMAA what matters is Ethiopia, self-tailored and claimed job title as the peace maker and honest peace broker and the aspirations of the Eritrean people are still inconsequential. No one knows from Eritrean side the interlocutors, wheelers and dealers, and so called saviors. and in which the fate of the Eritrean people is left to inept leader, incapable of thinking outside the permissible space allocated to him PMAA.

    On Peace note agreement headed by PMAA and IA with his adjoint minions , – is so typical of the structural deficiency in the making of the Eritrean and Ethiopian mind.
    So true and typical of Eritrean ’ reality are the following anomalies as best demonstrated at the signing ceremony of the peace Accords:
    1) Lack of rational thinking;

    2) Total absence of Transparency;

    3) Total Lack of Accountability; and,

    4) Total absence of any notion or form of representative democracy.

    Eritrean IA and his cohort mind, right across the board with some Eritrean being no exception, suffers from inherent cultural problem owing to centuries, rather millennia- Shaping of the Eritrean mind. Just watch the commotion, the hoopla that IA and PMAA. Worth noting in this regard:
    1) As follows of the signing recent peace IA took the initiative impacting the Eritrean’ lives and future without reverting to any duly elected Eritrean Representative body for review and ratifications. No, the Hell anybody knew what did the peace Accords contain; i.e. never debated or reviewed by any representative democratically elected Eritrean body. IA signed the Accords in his capacity as the virtual de facto sole authority deciding on the Eritrean lives and future.

    2) With regard to the commotion in the videoclip above, series of tragic episodes took place:

    PMAA loved him and hate him . Respect him or detest him – and both camps are well-subscribed – there’s no denying that PMAA has exercised an enormous influence on Ethiopian politics and public life in his short few months. PMAA listen to all Ethiopian with respect . and his known to be tolerant respect for his opponents, a willingness to accept that Ethiopian opposition too are motivated by good intentions. Compromise is in the air .Ethiopian are in the grip of a form of idealism and admiration so overwhelmed and overheated that they forget the ordinary and vital details of life and politics as life goes on. PMAA As if to emphasise a completely different idea of what Ethiopian centre right politics should look like His admirers put him in the same league as such celebrated and instinctive as young Mandela . in contrast and the very opposite of IA both internally and externally, through intrusion, bullying and fear. Anyone who dares to disagree with demagogue IA ,it is his end coming . Everything, in other words, that PMAA isn’t. For IA democracy, freedom and rule of law” have “absolutely no value ,change will happen, how and when no body knows . Yet there comes a point when the ground gives way. And when the breakdown happens, Eritrea after 27 years under IA, appears to have reached that point. But it will also show Eritrean that this ongoing oppression and scheming will fail sooner or later . Eritrea people will fight for justice and fight against oppression because righteousness always prevails. it can happen very fast.as it did in Ethiopia ,the jury is out ? to have posed that question only one year ago would have seemed absurd.
    at least there is some in change in Ethiopia, it is for many Ethiopia stimulating change, Ethiopia are demanding response and accommodation. Over the last 25 years or so Ethiopia a peaceful, gentle and quite demand, yet profound shift in attitudes has indeed been taking place within large numbers of Ethiopian people; the increased level of social-political participation and in Ethiopia revolt against historical injustice and suppression testify to this development. Whist this is extremely positive, urgent and fundamental change is required if the many issues facing Ethiopian are to be overcome and a new way of living set in motion. Change will come to Ethiopia.
    What are the crises facing Ethiopia humanity: – poverty, inequality, , the internal displacement of people, and, Ethiopia above all is festering beneath all of these, the socio-economic systems under which Ethiopia all live. These issues, and they are but the most pressing, are the effects of certain ideals and conditioned ways of thinking; they are the results of the underlying Ethiopian major crisis, what we might term the Crisis in real term and Ethiopian Consciousness, or the Crisis of sympathy and Love. Not token sentimental, empty word of emotional love, but love as equality, as justice and a unifying force for liberation from human bondage and real change. Love as the true Sword of Cleavage and uplifting, spirt as the exposer of all that is false, unequal ,unjust and corrupt eradication in our part of world of horn of Africa.

  • Haile S.

    Selamat Saleh,

    As an ‘opinion leader’, if you are obsessed, I hope you don’t mind us getting possessed too! as the tigrigna saying goes መራሒኦም ዝሓንካስ ኩሎም ደፍላጻት. To begin with, I am not sure the title fits the content of the article. Shouldn’t it have been entitled “Eritreans are forced to be obsessed with PMAA” as the contents are squarely centered at PMAA.
    Behind the opinions expressed in your articles hides the inevitable thought, i.e change in Eritrea comes through Ethiopia, but not through the dying Eritrean opposition. BTW, are we free from Ethiopia yet? Considering your recent articles, talks and comments, I have the feeling that you already threw the towel on the Eritrean opposition. Calls for Ethiopia to intervene in Eritrea was seen till recently as something unacceptable, but now thanks to PIA’s call to PMAA to lead, it appears becoming a must. መራሒኦም ዝሓንካስ ኩሎም ደፍላጻት.
    Your introductory paragraphs sums the remaining. It suggests that PMAA is victim of the plague or he became a pariah. I have a different take. PMAA is doing his best to combat the plague his country is suffering from and he is trying to bring his neighboring pariahs to come to terms with the existing enmities. He is a brave doing what others have been obsessed not to do other than on their own terms. PMAA cannot deal with and neutralize the relatively new breed of chauvinists without bringing the old chauvinists into camp. Don’t you think that Eritreans by concentrating on the old chauvinists let the way free for much deadly recent chauvinists? I am not saying we have the right nor the capability to control or manipulate such elements, but that we shouldn’t overblow the danger of the older and we should be able to talk to all as you are pleading the PMAA to have the same treatment on these groupings. I don’t think the chauvinism of one differ from that of the other other than by language and expression. Keibahrachn (ቀይ ባህራችን) is not different than “we will make the ports troughs for camels to drink”. Given the intricacies of the economic and other interdependence you cited, the interest of Eritreans should lie on internal unity and strength and on external genuine relationship especially with Ethiopia, all Ethiopia.
    Your letter is also a plea by proxy to the Eritrean leader who has never entertained listening to opinions and advices. If PMAA has been in last few months the objects of so many letters and opinion pieces, it is because he is considered a listening and absorbing pit. I hope he reads them and consider adjusting his policies unlike those who apparently listened but did the contrary. Most importantly, he should be thanked and recognized for so many positive changes he brought to his country and to a certain extent on Eritrea as well. The blame for failure of Eritreans to bring positive changes in our country should not be placed on PMAA.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Hailat,

      So, you can’t notice that he is conspiring the aspiration of the Eritrean with the Eritrean despot. If you don’t, too slow for a smart person like you, not to.

      • Haile S.

        Selamat Emma,

        I don’t think you read what I wrote. If your take of the article was what you are asking me, your first reaction to SGJ letter wouldn’t have been “I have never heard in the history of mankind, that the “head of a state of one Federal Government” to conspire with foreign governments against one of the “states” in the Federal arrangements he governs”.
        To answer your question on PMAA, so far I don’t think so. Thank you for the complement, though.

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Hailat,

          Aha! You don’t understand my comment then. I did not compliment to your comment, rather I criticized you in a nice way for not noticing the conspiracy of the PM with the despot against the aspiration of our people,

          If you misunderstood my comment then, add to it “except with this mediocre politician” to make it clear and be unambiguous to you and anyone who has the same understanding like you. In the mean time I am editing it to include that.

          • Haile S.

            Emma,
            I did. I know perfectly know you didn’t compliment my comment. I thank you for the ‘smart’ word. May be I didn’t get it if it was meant to be ደሮን ሲያታልልዋት በመጫኛ ጫኗት።

        • Hope

          Selam Abi Seb and Aman:
          Aman said :
          “”I have never heard in the history of mankind, that the “head of a state of one Federal Government” to conspire with foreign governments against one of the “states” in the Federal arrangements he governs”.
          What about what the ‘SELL OUT and LOST SOULs” of the Eri Opposition had done by conspiring with the TPLF against the interest of Eritrea and Eritreans.”?
          Plus,hasn’t the same TPLF been conspiring ,threatening and sabotaging OVERTLY against both the Federal Ethiopian Gov and the Eri Govt?
          What do you expect those new lovers should do against their old friend by deadly cheater and back-stabber?
          ‘The enemy of my enemy should be my best friend…in need”.
          The survival of the fittest–and the TPLF is UNFIT to survive.

          • Haile S.

            Selamat Hope,
            Just for clarification purposes, we can analyse, as you did, the substance of that quote of Emma in different ways, but my reproach to him was to tell him that the essential message he took from from SJG’s letter was specifically that one message, which apparently suited him, while he apparently was expecting me to take another message by asking me why I couldn’t see the “PMAA’s conspiracy against the eritrean people along with PIA.”

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Hope,

            Leaving the veracity of your accusation aside, as to whether it is true or false for a moment, let us assume it is true. Then, I will argue to remove a “regime and its system” with the help of foreign forces and to “conspire of head of state against one of the states in a Federal arrangemen” with foreign forces is not the same. The former has historical precedences (such as Tanzania with Ugandan rebels against Idi Amin, India with the East Pakistan separatists against the central government of Pakistan, Vietnamese and the Cambodian salvation Front against the Khemer Rouge). The later does not have any historical precedence. Hence never heard in the history of mankind a head of a Federal Government to conspire against one state in the Federal arrangement. But you don’t have any evidence of alliance of the opposition and Ethiopian government to overthrow the Eritrean despot. It is simply speculation and propaganda because the opposition head quarter was in Addis, Ethiopia. So hope you are one of the individuals who live on the feeds of speculation and propaganda.

      • DabraKadabra

        You mean the aspiration of the worthless Eritrean opposition who were dreaming of taking power on the back of sodomite woyane?

    • Saleh Johar

      Hi HaileS,
      I wish everyone would debate the way you do. Thank you

      1 please be possessed, there is enough kerbe and leHtit 🙂
      2 change cones only through Ethiopia? It’s your opinion not mine. But I do believe countries influence each other depending on many factors.
      3. Title? If I asked ten people they will propose ten titles. I chose the title and I hope you can write an article with a title of your choice
      4. Me appealing to Isaias? Oh Haile. You should know better.
      5 if you think Abiy is a good listener, you should commend me for talking to him. No? I hope he is like what you say and he would listen some more. that was the idea for writing the piece.

      6 there are a lot of people praising and idolizing him, and you wouldn’t want me to join the Maber Wdasse! 🙂

      7 the blame goes on Eritreans for failing but other factors influencing the failure has to be articulated. I think that is what I did.

      Thank you

      • Haile S.

        Selamat Saleh,
        Thank you. Absolutely you are commended. I was on a retort mode with my two hands on the waist, thus forgot the praise. I sincerely hope your letter reaches him.

    • Senay Zer

      Dear Haile — You’re unto something, however, you went a little harsh on the author given the article is sort of a personal letter in contrast to analysis peace. There is a strong possibility the author haven’t considered (or didn’t show us he considered) there could be other reasons why PMAA is partnering with PIA (the result of a combination of too much focus on PIA and underestimating the craftiness of PMAA). You touched up on one alternative reason which is sensible if we assume benevolent intention on the PM’s part. Based on snippets of the PM’s and his advisor’s comments on Asseb, there is another alternative reason – PMAA is so determined to get sea access for his country, through either highly favorable usage terms or even, in the long term, territorial gains. His plans includes cajoling PIA initially, but wouldn’t rule out confrontation eventually, if necessary.

      • Haile S.

        Selam Senay Zer

        Interesting input. To begin with, I am not sure if I was harsh on the author, but to tell you the truth, I haven’t been worried about that because I know the thickness of his skin. One clarification I need to do and that perhaps added to your thought of harshness is my sentence saying “Your letter is also a plea by proxy to the Eritrean leader”. Because we have ዘይሰምዕ ደብሪ (lack of our own listening parish), Saleh was pleading with ዝሰምዕ ደብሪ (another listening parish). This is from the tigrigna expression፥ ኣብ ዘይሰምዓካ ደብሪ ኣይትማህለል.
        Yes, as you alluded PMAA will always think Ethiopia First. He was likely chosen for his natural demeanor and acquired skills to bring Eritrea and its regime into peace, but most importantly for his capability in bringing together and strengthening his country. His responsibility for the first is temporary, but permanent for the second. What is very odd is our Eritrean regime played a paramount role in the later without first doing the same in its country and by completely sidelining its population, its diversity and its youth whose first plan in life, understandably, is to leave the country at all prices.
        Eritrea’s existence was ~50 years of Italian colonization, ~50 years of fight for standing on its feet and the remaining a quasi independent existence under a regime whose vision is invisible not to say non-existing, but clearly tries to prove and show us it can still govern by regularly cutting its limbs and tentacles. Independent Eritrea’s regime and its aspiring/historical opposition are under a pernicious vengeful enmity (ቂም በቀል) to the extent of using Ethiopia their means of finishing each-other. It is time for both to realize that Ethiopians responsibility and interest is Ethiopia not Eritrea. Yes many Ethiopians consider Eritrea got Independence to block Ethiopia from the sea and from development and no one is going to erase this thought other than Eritreans themselves by being a country, acting like a country and a genuine relationship.

      • Saleh Johar

        Hello Senay Zer and HaileS<
        Senay, thank you for coming to my defense, I was so depressed I never left my room since Hile S accused me of appealing to Isaias by proxy. LISTEN, Haile, you need to go to the nearest temple on your knees to absolve yourself of that cardinal sin 🙂

        Seriously though, that was more than harsh. Me appealing to Isaias! It was too harsh but people are allowed to make outrageous remarks every once in a while.

        Thank you both for your input

        • Ismail AA

          Ahlen Saleh Johar,

          ባቡር ኢጋባይካ; This is the first time you felt annoyed though you as usual put jovially. I know you developed rheno skin resistance through the years for much abravive attack, which when compared Haile’s comment was as smooth as silk rug. I risk and presume Haile had not thought it would fall on your mood as you described it. He knows as clearly as his own name that Johar and Isayas are irreconcilable nemesis of one another let alone the former seek something from the latter proxy-wise or in any form. Wisdom has reset Haile to get alerted and rectify the issue by way of using Senay Zer’s rejoinder.

        • Haile S.

          Selamat Saleh,

          Where I live there is a big cathedral whose entry-way is 4 or 5 layers of 20-25 steps each where pilgrims complete all plus the asphalt roads in between on bare knees. When I see them I ask myself, ‘they must have killed someone’. Well to absolve myself from the sin I committed, I could do that, but being an atheist, if the angles there kick me from the top, like women are kicked away from ደብረ-ቢዘን, you will not hear me again. Therefore I better invite you to the latest Wedi Ghebru’s 2019 song hoping I am not committing another blunder.
          https://youtu.be/Qm3haQU2oCk
          Cheers

          • Saleh Johar

            Ahlan HaileS,
            Gotcha! And you think I missed the atheist part? That is why I said temple, not a church, not a mosque, and not a synagogue 🙂
            But if you live near a Cathedral, you are one by association. Accept it and spare yourself the wrath of the gods 🙂

  • Blink

    Dear SG
    The picture seems disrespectfull and below standards of the people who criticize the PM . Why would you use hood cloth to show up with views that imply as a gangster while he releases Hundreds of thousands innocent people arrested by the people you tend to advocate for , I mean , Have you ever wrote any article about Meles open crimes against ordinary people in his 20 years in leadership . This site has been running for the age of TPLF ruling in Ethiopia, can you refer people that you wrote a single criticism to Meles over the crimes he committed? Just asking because why’d you suddenly show up with your hammer equal to the Tigrians media . The only words you left out from the Tigrian Media is “ Dictator Abiy , In 2011 you comfortably sat with Meles who killed over 500 people after 2005 election, was there any thought in your head to ask him about the way he killed people and also the way he arrested people, oh no you didn’t because you were very busy to ask him about economy .

    • Saleh Johar

      Ahlan Blink,
      My next article will be “why are some Eritreans obsessed with weyane and locked in a partisan rivalry and forcing others to join in their centuries old feud”.

      I hope that will address your obsession.

  • Simon Kaleab

    Selam Saleh,

    Good article, but I disagree with some of what you wrote, In brief:

    1) You said: ” I was very optimistic and very impressed with the way you handled the myriad of Ethiopian crisis.”

    The man is a fake and incapable of solving any crisis. He allowed the terrorist OLF to come in without being disarmed, creating a potential armed State within a State. His style is to kick the can further down the road in the hope it will solve itself. In this,he took a leaf out of former president of the USA Barack O’Bungle’s guidebook. Say anything that suits his audience.

    2) You cannot expect this mediocre of a man to be a spokesman for the Eritrean opposition. He is not only a coward who wants to be in the good books of Isaias, but also he considers the Eritrean opposition as perpetual underachievers.

    3) His sly attack on the TPLF and Tigray is duly noted, but I would not lose sleep over this. Tigray is the only proper Nation in Ethiopia, with cultural and historical continuity. Tigray is like a spring, there is a limit as to how far cowards can push it, but like a spring, beware of the rebound.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Simon,

      “The man is a fake and incapable of solving any crises.” Indeed he is a mediocre politician. He failed to address when his people are at each other’s throat. He is no where hiding in the Minelik palace conspiring against one of the states. “Tigray is the only proper Nation in Ethiopia, with cultural and historical continuity.” spot on. 👍 He will still conspire against the aspiration of the Eritrean people with the Eritrean despot.

      • Kogne

        Hi ema, I think salih forgot Abiy is Ethiopian, and he is prime minister of ethiopia,the whole ethiopia including tigray kilil,if we see in ethiopia at this time it’s very scary situation, a person from tigray kilil can’t live in Amhara kilil viseversa, and abiy have a lot Ethiopian problems to solve but I don’t think ,I believe we are going to see a bloodshed in ethiopia between kilils, and all this problems created in those 27 years under Woyane rule,most those woyane junta have to take responsibility that’s why they been leaving in addis villas but at this time they runaway from addis and moved to mekele to avoid persecution ,and debretsion is refusing to hand some of them to federal,because they are saying the federal police is targeting ethnic tigray only, but if we see there are former leaders of somali kilil amhara kilil also accused of human right corruption etc. I think in this article it’s not right to petition abiy to interfere to bring change in Eritrea ,he have his own serious issues,Eritrean issues to be left to Eritrean people,it’s pure weakness from someone he calls himself opposition and cares for eritrean people a prime minister of another country to do his job it’s weakness, this petition should be to the leadership of Eritrean opposition (but who ,we don’t have one)and abiy is Ethiopian prime minister he can have relationship cooperation with Sudan Kenya Somalia Eritrea (Isayas) he don’t need advise especially from you guys

        • Saleh Johar

          Hi Konge,
          Are you serious I forgot Abiy is the Ethiopian PM? You think I mistook him for formajio it Kenyatta? Hsebelu daa

        • Amanuel Hidrat

          Selam Kogne,

          The PM has no the capacity to solve the Ethiopian problem, but he is capable to conspire against the aspiration of the Eritrean people. And he is doing it already. Just imagine to conspire against one “Federal state” and to be allied with with foreign government to act against the unity of Ethiopia that was preserved by his predecessors, for generations, it in itself is an act of treason. So in short, the biggest concern on this bogus PM is when he want to thwart the aspiration of my people with the despot. He there to fulfill the dream of his mother not the dream of Ethiopians.

        • Teodros Alem

          Selam kogne
          they r doing same thing over and over again and excepted different results, i think this time they r trying to send the remaining “kerentis” to a refugee camps in Darfur sudan.

    • Hope

      Selam Simon:

      Basically, you are openly discrediting Dr AAA and his achievements as a “Zero-Sum Game”.as if the Majority of the Ethiopians and the world testify and confirmed his achievements.

      You said:”The man is a fake and incapable of solving any crisis. He allowed the terrorist OLF to come in without being disarmed, creating a potential armed State within a State’!

      Are U sure on this?

      I thought the OLF from Eritrea was disarmed.

      The ones armed were said to be infiltrators and newly armed through the help of TPLF.

      Are you denying that he was the one, who resolved the most dangerous Ethnic-Conflict in Ethiopia-the Somali-Oromia one, conspired and inflicted by NONE ,but the TPLF you are admiring like no tomorrow?

      You also declared that:

      “His sly attack on the TPLF and Tigray is duly noted, but I would not lose sleep over this. Tigray is the only proper Nation in Ethiopia, with cultural and historical continuity. Tigray is like a spring, there is a limit as to how far cowards can push it, but like a spring, beware of the rebound.

      I thought he is legitimately isolating and containing the TPLF.
      Why are you confidently and authoritatively but irresponsibly claiming that he is against the Tigray people.
      Where were you when the TPLF Gang had been messing up and making people to be at each others’ necks?
      Basically,In the world of Simon KaleAb,Aman Hidrat,HA,etc. the TPLF endless sabotages, threats, Assassination Attempts and its illegal actions against and its NONCOMPLIANCE with the Federal Govt’s proceedings and the Federal Govt’s decisions and policies are “Innocence and Justifiable/Kidisina”.

      • Hope

        Correction:

        “,,,,as if the Majority of the Ethiopians and the world have not been testifying and confirmed his achievements”.

    • Saleh Johar

      Hi Simon,
      I think you amputated my quote. You omitted “ At first”

  • Ismail AA

    Selam Saleh Johar,

    Very happy New Year to you and Awate forum family. I just logged in after been taken away by some routine of life.

    I think Dr. Abij and his close circle of policy advisors on Eritrea and the region got valuable New Year gift for free. This is eye opener message to Dr. Abij and his administration to retrospectively reflect and look back to what the sentimentalist love-can-solve politics have produced, especially with loveless and spiritless despot in Eritrea.

    The hard fact they should face on is whether or not ” sidelining Eritreans in (their) quest for peace” with a committed despot has so far proven efficacious. If the emotion loaded premise of policy crafting did not work inside the borders of Ethiopia, it should have dawned on them the field is not suitable for playing that kind of politics outside the borders of their country. I think this was discussed profusely with our worthy Ethiopian (not the few ማጅራት መቺ debaters ) friends in this forum. Mutually useful strategic peace and friendship making policy cannot sustain the test of time when the real stakeholders become sidelined.

    • Saleh Johar

      Ismael,
      It’s our fate to keep an open eye. Anyone with a good team of advisors cannot tread the same path. And however they slice it, it’s the ancient rivalry.
      Thank you for the note.

  • Hayat Adem

    Dearest Hon. SGJ,
    What an inner-cutting and very personalized note! I am so happy this came out now. It seems all serious and acute observers of our region are piecing eveything and catching up.

    • Saleh Johar

      Hi Hayat,
      It is a cut of concern and love for justice. Thank you

  • Habte Ghebre

    Brother Saleh Johar: You are very good at your craft which is marketing politics for the highest bidder who happens to be the TPLF. I am curious. Are u an Eritrean? I am forced to ask this question because you have made a compelling argument in support of the TPLF’s current position with regard to the peace agreement between Eritrea and Ethiopia in particular and the current political situation of Ethiopia in general.

    • Saleh Johar

      Hello Habte,

      How can I be your brother when you consider me unberitrean? At any rate, questioning a member’s identity is a violation. Forget about brotherhood for now, just try to be decent and debate in a civil manner.

      • Habte Ghebre

        Saleh,
        You do not need to be an Eritrean to be my brother. I have brothers from Ethiopia of Tigrai origin and brothers from Eritrea of Tigrai origin. Even though I disagree with your opinion articulated in your article, you are still my brother. I hope the new year to be a year of reflection for all of us and thank you.

        • Saleh Johar

          Hi Habte,
          If it is how you are explaining it now, why do you question my eritreanness? It’s contradictory and what you tried to justify was the reason for my reply.

          • Habte Ghebre

            Brother Saleh,
            The purpose of my inquiry was not to question your eritreanness but to understand you better. After reading your article, I thought maybe you were an Ethiopian of Tigrai origin with an extremely biased view towards Eritrea and its government.

          • Saleh Johar

            Hi Habte,
            Now you know who I am. As for you, I am not interested in your identity but what you can bring to the discussion. Thank you

          • Natom Habom

            selam saleh johar
            you keep deflecting the real question by turning around
            irrelevant topic, thank you though ,this is the opposition we have ,that sold his sool to the devil tplf ,that has gambled in our sovereignty knowing the woyane intention ,I wish you one day you and your kind will stand infront of justice ,even more other allegation you committed against fellow Eritrean best on their religion in field long time ago may we see that day happen ,Eritrean have so many question about all opposition back ground ,those cheep s clothing hyena will be arrested one day .

          • Saleh Johar

            Natom,
            What is wrong with you man! You think you can intimidate me into stopping writing? What a disrespectful person you must be. By the way, threatening is not allowed in this forum, try to be decent. But don’t try on me old tactics that many have tried and failed on before you. I would have stopped writing long ago if I were scared of your kind of threats.

          • Natom Habom

            selam saleh johar
            who i am to threaten you ,but I see fear in your response already
            you hoped that the woyane invasion will clean your history but it didnt succed ,you can wright and rewright nothing will change ,you already end up as a clown in you negarit or tanika programs .
            for the very beggining all of you underestimated pfdj ,no hurricane or thunder can divide Eritrean . you people lost and with tplf criminal will go 2 feet down there for ever .

          • Habte Ghebre

            Well said. Expect my Eritrean biased point of view when it comes to Eritrean and Ethiopian politics.

  • Hasot

    Hasot
    Dear writer
    Sir Dr. ABEY is human not god
    Admire what has achieved so far
    Look at yourself what have you achieved?
    To criticize is simble
    To walk the walk is hard
    May the almighty put merci on the prime minister

    • Saleh Johar

      Dear HASOT,
      Try to resist the urge to tell what others should do particularly when they do not interfere with how you formulate your opinion. I will do what I feel like doing and please stay in your Confines.

  • Amanuel Hidrat

    Selam SGJ,

    You captured it very well as to the nature of the drama of the current Ethio-Eritrean politics. I have never heard in the history of mankind that the “head of a state of one Federal Government” to conspire against one of the “states” in the Federal arrangements with a foreign governments. Well done my friend. Good job.

    • Teodros Alem

      Selam aman h
      I know i know but if 3A( federal gov) and pIA ( eri gov) conspire against tigrai like u said it above, tigrai will not survive 2 month , they have no means to function as a normal state for 2 months , Unless they stop the regular lifestyle and be a rebel..

  • Saleh Johar

    Hello Girmay,
    Have you considered that I might not be interested in your never ending feudal rivalry. Yes, that is the reason. To me PFDJ and told are one and the same.

  • Hope

    Hell All:
    An Interesting Letter/Article!

    I wish I read a similar one criticizing the TPLF for even doing WORSE than what Dr AAA allegedly is doing to Eritrea.,even though there is and will be NOTHING comparable to what Dr AAA has done FOR Eritrea and FOR Eritreans by tearing DOWN away and putting apart the Dark Megareja of perpetual FEAR imposed by the same TPLF.

    As far as Prof Berhanu’s alleged sidelining is concerned , I found it difficult to be a persuasive and convincing allegation or opinion .

    The fact that Prof Birhanu and his group were welcomed by the largest Addis Crowd and assigning him as one of the upcoming Top Transitional Gov picks is but a way better sign of respecting him rather than a sign of sidelining him .

    Remember that Prof Birhanu /his party is NOT an EPRDF member and am not sure there is any non-EPRDF member in Dr AAA’s Cabinet .

    Am not aware that Derghi Remnants are being given better positions and preferential treats,to my best knowledge
    Prof Birhane is on RECORD openly declaring to reverse the Eritrean Independence at PMMZ’s Parliament!

    Am not sure if New Year is considered as a weekend but if allowed to post a link,I found this non-biased analysis by Dire Tube very interesting!
    Enjoy:
    https://youtu.be/0p5mY41nXOs

    • Saleh Johar

      Ahlan Hope,
      I trust you will help by doing the anti -TPLF hyperbole. I purposely left it for you to do it for us

    • Blink

      Dear Hope
      I thought someone will write an article about the hypocrisy of the TPLF and their cadre all over the border with Eritrea. They say peace , they say we are brothers , they say let’s be brothers again just the old TPLF and old EPLF were like before and on the other hand they protest and block the removal of military hardware from the border by claiming Eritrea will attack us , how weird is the TPLF world ? I mean I don’t understand at all . We already know they shouldn’t be TRUSTED but how dare they think we are just idiots we don’t know what exactly they are . If Issias has ever a chance to do any good thing, he has to push the border demarcation as soon as possible.

  • Teodros Alem

    Selam Awate
    This article is one of the evidence why tplfist eulogy at thier funeral will be read like this, “the tplfest born and become sad and started crying hs hs hs, and after HS derg came to power but the tplfist still r sad and crying derg derg derg and the tplf itself become a gov but they still r sad and keep crying and 3A came to power still tplfest r sad and keep crying and tplfest dead unhappy” .

    • Abraham H.

      Selam Tedros Alem, I don’t know what you mean by tplfest in this context but undeniably, the problems of Eritreans have been mostly tied to Ethiopia after the end of WW2. However for the last 27 years, the Isayas regime is responsible for most of the predicament the Eritreans have been going through. So, there is no doubt if an Eritrean dies unhappy as you mentioned as it is not without reason. You would know and understand this unless you are one of the bloody enemies of Eritreans who’ve worked and wish to see the demise of Eritreans. Just remember , one day, perhaps soon while you are still alive, Eritreans are finally going to come out of this curse of misfortune once and for all.

      • Teodros Alem

        Selam abraham
        1st, u not eri.
        2nd, i didn’t say eritreans r unhappy, i said tplfest.
        3, ISSU problem is eritrea problem.
        4, while u obsessed with ethiopa this much and interfere in ethiopia poltics to this level and at the same time u can’t say u r for eritrea independence.

    • Simon Kaleab

      Teodros,

      Try to write in Amargna, what you wrote in English is gibberish.

      By the way, wouldn’t you get a better target audience writing on Ethiopian websites?

      • Teodros Alem

        Selam simon k
        It is about tplfest eulogy including urs, if u don’t understand it, don’t bother.

        • Simon Kaleab

          Tedros,

          You have the wrong target audience here. I cannot make it clearer.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam simon k
            In ethiopia websites, it is the same people , the abi, horizon , u , abraham, the aman h etc with different identity and nickname.

          • Simon Kaleab

            Teodros,

            Can you prove your assertion by giving examples?

            Still, You have the wrong target audience here, you will be better of elsewhere.

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam simon k
            am only comment when it is about ethiopia, and believe me, it is not hard to know the difference between good and dirty.

    • iSem

      Hi Tedros:
      “Eritreans stay out of Ethio politics?”
      Really?,
      And you remind me of Dergi when you say that, MZ made Assab, irrelevant,until you guys regressed to th HS era: obsessed with sea ans salt for your meat
      We cannot stay out of your business and you too. but we have to do it with vision and not act myopic like Abiye and if the rumors come to pass, it is your undoing
      Mother Ethiopia will become daughters fighting each other.
      happy new year

      • Teodros Alem

        Selam isem
        Stop living in the past, past is past, if u stand for the people of eritrea, not for ur own ego, try to move on.if not , u have to know the worst has passed already and what u saying will be just word.
        U can talk about eri-ethio future as two independent countries or tigrai tigragn, that is ur legal limit ,but ur interference to internal poltics of ethiopia is irrelevant.
        by the way someone wants to talk to u the other day but berhe didn’t want to wake u up, he said u r sleepy.
        asab, what batter prove do u need to believe asab is no different from port sudan.

        • iSem

          Tedros
          From what u said in this comment about asab in response to me saying asab was irrelevant, I do not think u understand what I said
          About my identity , u said that before and stop it. No one chooses his origin, I bet if u were given a choice u would not have chosen a place that produced dictators and when it was done with dictators now produces false prophets
          the worst is yet to come in the between Eri and ethiopia if they do not change the way they do.
          Sal or Gadi has warned u guys about kiss of IA.
          Let talk next year to gauge if things have improved. We maybe talking about the country of Tigray or Oromia etc, if you guys do not stop been obsessed with Eritrea as one part of urs

          • Teodros Alem

            Selam isem
            I know what u said about asab, that is why i told u stop living in the past and right now for ethiopia asab is no different from port sudan.
            Country of tigrai, u welcome. But oromia is not practical, plus vast majority of oromos don’t want it, they r already become one, intertwined, mixed up.
            The rest of ur comment shows u don’t think and act straight g, ethiopia obsessed with eri?

  • Natom Habom

    selam whoever you are
    did you see how TPLF junta are obsessed with Eritrea and about tigray tigrigna
    this the people that so called opposition was gambling on Eritrea with the hyena
    now they are even using intimidation by retaliating and forcing to Asmara if they are pushed aside ,they are talking about Agazian and tigray and kebesa unity openly even by mocking Eritrea Somalia friendship ,as if they can do something about it ,who can explain those looser that they are finish ,let the tigray people free they are a liability for their own people let alone to wage war on Eritria
    it funny to see toothless Tigray hyena acting as if they have strength ,

    • Saleh Johar

      Selam Natom Habom,
      First, you can see the name of the author in the article, that is if you read the article. The other topics are peripheries and outside the scope of the article. I wish you stayed on the topic and debated the main views.

      Thank you anyway
      NB: aren’t you supposed to use proper salutation?

      • Natom Habom

        selam saleh johar
        sorry didn t saw it ,but it so annoying to always attacks one side without giving a chance to see the reality and the great danger the other side is facing
        has the opposition succed under tplf to take on the government ,it show there is no chance tplf would never leave but in the contrary it would create his fantasy at the cost of our people ,they will not hesitate to genocide our people
        what would be a that time if it happen opposition situation God forbid ?
        what would be their excuse for the misery of our people?
        stand for the right ?you have enough made so many mistake ,tplf is not a friend to anyone ,country is above all ,opposition come after ?

        • Saleh Johar

          Hi Natom,
          I am sorry, the TPLF/weyane stuff is too boring for me. But you can go ahead with that without me.