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An Envious Eritrean Congratulating Ethiopia

Americans do not declare something over, “until the fat lady sings”. It’s a colloquial language referring to a fat lady who apparently used to sing before the end of Operas. For the last six-weeks, everybody was waiting for the Ethiopian Parliament to sing and officially declare a prime minister. It did, and as many expected, it named Dr. Abiy Ahmed the new Prime Minister of Ethiopia. Congratulations Mr. prime minister.

Confirming the prime minister was a long process, but I found solace in browsing the social media platforms where many people were fixated on the faith of Abiy Ahmed. Many people didn’t know the Ethiopians were determined to confuse them. The discussions were reminiscent of the first Obama year when discussing the “Hussein” in Obama’s name seemed more important than his character and his leadership qualities. Leave the Ethiopian prime minister alone—neither the angels nor the demons choose the faith when they attach themselves to a person. And no one should care about his faith because the task was not to find a mosque imam or a parish priest but a prime minister for Ethiopia. At any rate, the horse-trading skills, the mixture of real-politics and consensus, and the overall maturity shown by Ethiopian politicians is admirable. Congratulations to all Ethiopians.

However, as I congratulate Dr. Abiy for becoming the prime minister of the Third Ethiopian Republic ©, remember that as an Eritrean, I am sick to the stomach with envy. And I cannot hide it. Unfortunately, I feel the Eritrean situation is no different than it was a long time ago. And the following anecdote illustrates that.

In 1994 I was part of a team sitting on a stage and managing the election of leaders for the Eritrean community. As voting started, a woman who was making tea in the kitchen came to the hall and saw people raising their hands. She exclaimed, “weyleke… id mlAal tejemiru!” (Oh… it’s time to raise hands!). She scanned for the local PFDJ “signal person”, a man named Yohannes, who had raised his hands in support of the motion. Immediately she raised her hand.

The mass-organizations of the PFDJ included many gullible but loyal members, and since they were not allowed to make independent choices, they were instructed to check and to vote for whatever the “signal person” for the day voted.  Like many others, the tea-lady had no clue what the voting was all about. That was the last meeting I attended among the PFDJ—I didn’t want to kill more brain cells.

Unfortunately, many Eritreans are still scanning the crowd to see what their local “signal person” is doing to stay in the groupthink parameters, to do what the Yohannes of the day is doing, and to mimic every word he says.

That being the introduction, the following is my message to the prime minister.

Dear Mr. Prime Minister,

I hope, somehow, someone will bring this message to your attention. Also, I am hoping it will pave the way for a wider awareness about why Eritreans have failed, and how the Ethiopians who handled the Eritrean portfolio have failed (and failed us), and what we wish to see going forward.

Yesterday I became aware of your call for peace where you invited “the Eritrean government to show the same sentiment.” At the first glance, it sounds positive, but I and many of my compatriots, are not looking for a shaky peace deal that reconciles governments while the suffering of the people continues unabated.

Your Excellency, I understand that your concern is Ethiopian interests, and your responsibility is to pursue your nation’s agenda. No one expects you to be concerned about Eritrea at the expense of your country—unless it concerns Ethiopian interest. It is with that understanding that I wish you luck in establishing peace with the PFDJ. However, please bear in mind that after a few months in office, your predecessor, Mr. Hailemariam Desalegn, told Al Jazeera Television, “If you ask me ‘Do you want to go to Asmara [the Eritrean capital] and sit down and negotiate with Isaias Afewerki?’, then I will say ‘yes’.”

That statement, though it was said many times by the late Meles Zenawi, received a wide coverage and many gullible people thought the two countries were on the verge of signing a peace treaty. The wishes were never realized.

Your Excellency, I understand that diplomatic statements must include niceties and require such rhetoric. However, if that is your chosen path, you owe it to the people of Ethiopia and Eritrea, to work for a comprehensive peace that includes all Eritreans, and all Ethiopians. Sealing a deal with the PFDJ government (an illegitimate entity) will only elongate the suffering of the people on both sides of the border. The PFDJ pretends it’s legitimate by totting its guns.

Generally, I wish you can open a new page and help in rectifying the confused and destructive policies that the two-pronged Ethiopian government pursues in relation to Eritrea. And I feel ashamed to testify that the relations of the Eritrean opposition with Ethiopia has moved nowhere. It remained fruitless, damaging, and an utter failure. I have no formal relationship with the Ethiopian government, but I must own my actions—I have endorsed the relationship and promoted it with a heavy cost, and it pains me to see it has abysmally failed to be worthwhile.

Mr. prime minister, two decades is a long time—compare what Ethiopia has achieved in the same period, (imagine it was one failure after another) and apply it to Eritrea! That is why we are saddened, disappointed, and frustrated. And many of the victims of the PFDJ are on the verge of giving up and searching for an alternative to the dysfunctional relationship our opposition forces maintained with the Ethiopian government.

I will leave the boringly long details for another opportune time, but for now, let me whisper the following to your ears, though I understand that one way or another, as a senior official, you were involved in the affairs of the Eritrean opposition. But I have to say it:

The problem begins with the undefined, haphazard nature of the opposition’s relations with the Ethiopian government. Our opposition has been torn apart by two Ethiopian orientations: the diplomatic wing and the intelligence wing. Eritreans can guess, but we have no idea which of the two is the superior wing in the Eritrean case, particularly when we see select-favoritism, heavy-handedness, and interference.

Then, there is the other disorienting aspect affecting the opposition: the status of the so-called Sana’a Forum is vague and misleading. Sana’a, the capital city after which the office is named, is in an unenviable situation, and the remains of Ali Abdella Saleh, the Yemeni leader who signed the deal, has been buried a while ago. Sudan, supposedly the second partner, has long allied itself with Isaias Afwerki and has remained so until recently, and no one knows where its policies vis-à-vis the Eritrean opposition is leading to. So, it seems the Sana’a Forum is solely an Ethiopian affair.

The third crippling aspect is the Ethiopian policy concerning the opposition forces. The relations seems to have been always controlled by the local government of Tigrai as opposed to the Federal Ethiopian government. It’s true that Tigrai is the closest to Eritrea and the situation there affects it more than the other Ethiopian regions. But there also lies the problem: the Ethiopian policy towards Eritrea has been grounded in making Eritrea a replica of Ethiopia, Kilil and all, something that has been aggressively pushed on the opposition.

The inedible fruits of that policy are displayed everywhere, making Eritreans worrisome about the consequences. And though it is of a limited scope, we see troublesome, chauvinistic, primordial aspirations getting a new lease on life. If such dangerous developments are not checked quickly, it would certainly create instability in Eritrea, and that would certainly destabilize Ethiopia. Sadly, the agitators do not seem to understand that cross-border relations are not limited to linguistic affiliations, they can easily cause affiliations on other levels. And these can equally be tickled and cause the massaging of raw nerves as a reaction. I would think any sane follower of the politics of the region would understand the risk of such developments.

Here, let me state that I am part of a task group of Eritreans that took an initiative to establish formal relations with the Ethiopian officials to discuss such thorny issues. The task force was formed over three years ago and its initiative was passed to senior Ethiopian officials, four times since 2015. Unfortunately, Ethiopian officials seem to be very busy to even acknowledge receipt, as a formality if not as a requirement of basic decency. Still, the initiative is open, and the team that owns it is determined to pursue it further until it thinks it has met a concrete wall.

Your Excellency, I will conclude by wishing you luck in dealing with the challenges ahead of you, and in pushing Ethiopia further towards liberal democracy, further towards the rule of law, and gradually scrape the revolutionary democracy that has brought Ethiopia this far, though with admirable results, and usher the country towards a full-fledged liberal democracy. Importantly, I hope you would reach out to the Ethiopian opposition, those outside the EPRDF fold or in the Diaspora, and embark on a national healing process so that you can move towards cementing a political unity for the good of your country.

I wish you luck, and again, congratulations.

Saleh Johar

About Saleh "Gadi" Johar

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  • 1eritrea

    Saleh Johar,
    Say what! You are not an Eritrean.
    You are just a coward MF.
    Well, what else do we expect from Saleh?….He He He.

    • Selam,
      Okay, Mr. immigration officer, or supreme ourt judge. Please tell me what I have to next. your honor? Please keep reading Haddas Eritrea, this topic is not to that level.

  • Fanti Ghana

    Hello Memhir,

    I actually thought about the Ethio-Opposition riddle on and off quite a lot. I considered two scenarios: 1) with redeemable PFDJ and 2) with nonredeemable PFDJ in mind.

    Scenario 1: redeemable PFDJ

    If Ethiopia believes that PFDJs are redeemable it would have to first make peace with them, and then, act mediator: cajole, bribe, beg, and etc, to soften their hearts.

    1a) what does Ethiopia do if PFDJ closes the conversation before it begins by insisting that Ethiopia sever all its relations with all oppositions operating in Ethiopia if it wants cooperation from it on matters important to Ethiopia?

    1b) what happens when and if PFDJ politely responds “Eritrea’s internal affairs are none of your business?”

    1c) even if all what ifs are answered as desired, it still is uncertain to expect PFDJ to change enough and to do so quickly enough to expect positive outcome of any mediation to make timely difference.

    Scenario 2: nonredeemable PFDJ.

    If Ethiopia concludes that PFDJ is nonredeemable, Ethiopia’s choices get narrower and more difficult, because Ethiopia would have to involve itself either in:

    2a) regime change directly by waging war or
    2b) regime change indirectly by arming the opposition

    2a) direct involvement in regime change would cost Ethiopia a great deal politically, economically, and in human life and there is no clean exit.

    2b) for the indirect method to work, a united, willing, and ready opposition would have to exist, and if that is missing Ethiopia must decide to whom it offers the help, which means choosing one group it believes most likely to succeed (I am purposely skipping “or most likely to secure its interests”) and work with it.

    2c) if force is used to remove PFDJ before proper preparations are made it will produce a different set of complications including new opposition(s).

    Neither of the direct or indirect regime changes is promising. If somehow the opposition should take power by other means while still disunited, it will create more refugees with no hope of peaceful relationship with neither its factions nor its neighbors perhaps for a long time.

    The first scenario, with redeemable PFDJ, cannot be done without first establishing harmony with it which brings up the “cozying up” you worried about, and the second scenario, with nonredeemable PFDJ, cannot be done without “interfering” in the highest order which undoubtedly will result in political crisis for Ethiopia.

    What would then be the least costly, most inclusive, and most likely to last solution Ethiopia can devise?

    I hope for others to add or modify this or come up with better suggestion but here is mine:

    1. Let Ethiopia, Sudan, and Djibouti establish a task force for this purpose.

    2. The task force should insist the opposition unite to at least no more than three factions willing to work together if they are to get any financial and political help. No unity in the opposition means no threat to PFDJ to cooperate and no confidence in the opposition by the regional task force.

    3. The task force should then approach PFDJ to seriously consider reform and be inclusive.

    4. The new PFDJ and the no more than three oppositions form a new government.

    5. If PFDJ refuses to cooperate, the task force and the opposition should solicit AU and UN’s help as a final attempt to mediate between PFDJ and the opposition.

    6. Should that fails, the now well organized and known by the relevant world organizations as a potential replacement should remove PFDJ by force armed with regional and international blessing.

    I am willing to be persuaded with anything remotely likely to work alternative.

    • Ismail AA

      Selam dear Fanti,

      Your thoughts can be upgraded to an expert’s considered options report that qualify to be on the table of decision makers. When read with the signals Dr. Abiy has voiced in mind regarding the existing political stalemate after cessation of hostilities, the logical next step for him and his team would be seeking expert advices in they way you have done. Lasting peace between the two countries has to evolve from work of balanced policies that do not exclude forces that have direct and indirect stakes.

      The Eritreans (regime and the opposition) and Ethiopia have direct interest while other neighbors such the Sudan and Djibouti, and beyond do have indirect interest. That is why I think establishment of task force that include the two neighboring nations makes sense. The existing defunct and dysfunctional Sana’a Forum was also established on similar lines notwithstanding the differences in discordant agendas.

      The familiar conduct and self-aggrandizement of the despot and his regime make the probability of item 5 real than apparent. But at the same time, we know how international and regional politics play out in such circumstances. The UN and AU would not operate merely for the sake of peace that do not fit in the strategic interests of the big powers in league or or alone. The Eritrean cause has always been affected by regional and extra-regional rivalries. This time around, too, it is inconceivable to think any task force that would solicit endorsement and cooperation from UN and AU would get the favor for the sake of peace and stability that the Ethiopians and Eritreans would agree to have.

      My question is, thus, do not you think these thoughts would have been complete if you had also considered the role of other players who have strategic stakes?

      • Fanti Ghana

        Hello Ustaz Ismail AA,

        I would say the more the merrier, but I was thinking of so many sub-sections within sections to the point of losing my core idea, I had to keep it short mostly out of fear.

        • Ismail AA

          Selam Fanti Jan ( endear you to the level of my life in Persian),
          I perfectly understand what you mean. Caution is a measure of modesty. What you have provided is more than what is relevant to this forum.

    • blink

      Dear Fant
      I think you are being to generous to the opposition and too wild to think Issaias will redeem. The fact must be said, PFDJ are well equipped to wether any challenge put by Ethiopia. Any military action by Ethiopia will fail badly. Second there is no logic in it. There is only one choice and that is for Welander to respect international law , they can try any trick and they fail to their known way and regret that they don’t do the right thing.

      Once weyane withdraw from Eritrean land PFDJ will be in a very devastating situation and it will be the end of them.
      Why would Eritreans listen to a Sudanese,Dijubuti and weyane augmented vision? Ethiopia has tried every evil trick and failed, what kind of trick do you think weyane has in their book that we did not see? Senaa forum has been Ethiopian forum for years and failed.

    • Selam Fanti Ghana,

      Fortunately, you have pointed out the problems of the scenarios you presented. Otherwise, it will be comparing and putting two unequal entities side by side and trying to find the right solution between the eritrean regime (a highly militarized dictatorial regime) and an eritrean opposition that exists only in name.

      Pfdj redeemable or non redeemable, what is the obligation for ethiopia to cajole, bribe, beg…. the eritrean regime whatsoever? One wise eritrean had once said, “eritrean problem should be solved by eritreans only”, and i happen to respect that, as long as eritrea is an independent and a sovereign country.

      If the eritrean regime says to the ethiopian government, “Eritrea’s internal affairs are none of your business”, i will fully respect that.

      “Regime change directly by waging war” even if it is at a scenario level, is out of the question. I see no reason whatsoever, why ethiopia should sacrifice her children in somebody else’s business, why ethiopia should risk everything, not only the life of her young people, but also her economy and be seen as an aggressor that will be condemned by the international community with repercussions attached to it.

      “Regime change indirectly by arming the opposition”, is too small too late. While there is not an armed opposition group over the last three decades, while those who flee the country give their oath that they will never direct their guns against the regime by throwing it away as they cross the border and as they are being shot at from behind by the regime instead of responding, while about 200K eritrean refugees, half of them with military training, would rather remain in refugee camps instead of facing the regime that forced them out of their homes and country…., one is forced to think that there is a love-hate sentiment between the two, and ethiopian blood should not be the thing that breaks this chain of events.

      Your last scenario of removing PFDJ by a force armed with regional and international blessing, will only repeat the yemeni tragedy, without bringing any tangible result to the country and the people, but wide spread destruction and bloodshed.

      Therefore, let’s leave an eritrean problem to eritreans themselves, and let’s also leave out the ethiopian factor by all means possible, because it will further complicate and worsen the situation, rather than helping the situation. Eritrea is an independent country, and ethiopia should not meddle in her internal affairs.

      • halafi mengedi


        In his defense Fanti was providing possible scenarios not necessarily proposing one. I expect Ethiopian role no matter which route we go (i don’t know to what extent), but your clarity of mind when it comes to the issue is exemplary.


  • Saleh Johar

    Dear Hope,
    I will provide responses to your questions.
    1. You asked, “…where my “nastiness [is]?”
    The answer in the above comment where you wrote, “Let me volunteer to minimize your stress by VOLUNTARILY running away from your Forum and Website!”
    Now Hope, how many times have I appealed to you to debate with me a an individual? Just remember how many time, and you always ignore my plea to you? Your answer to this question the above quote from your comment.
    2. One more time: I am here as an individual, if I was debating with you in another capacity, believe me it would have been different. I try my best not to wear different hats when I debate in this forum. Just like the rest. How difficult is that to understand?
    3. You always say that you have the right to express your views. True, just remember I have similar rights to you in this forum. So, wondering why people are replying to you (sometimes in kind) should not surprise you.
    4. Nope, I would not mind if you addressed me as an individual, but you do not have that discipline and it is an aggression on my integrity and the integrity of this website to address me any different than the way I am presenting myself here. If you just try to understand that, you will be fine and I do not mind. But you have become a burden to me by repeatedly refusing to differentiate Saleh the individual with other stuff.
    5. If replying to your provocative comment is A THREAT, I have no solution to that. Are the other people responding to your comments threatening you? Why is my response different than the response of others in your understanding? No difference my dear.
    6. I never defamed you; I challenged you. And here is why: You seem to be fond of heaping your defamatory remarks on the opposition. I am part of the general opposition body and I try to defend it against unwarranted defamations. Maybe you can try to be specific in your criticisms instead of your usual blanket bombardment. And here is the challenge: why does your comments sound as if copied from the PFDJ talking points? Why haven’t I read open, consistent criticism of the PFDJ, just a portion of the amount you have for the opposition? Here my friend, I will deal with you as such, as Saleh Johar, the individual.
    7. “certified letters” stuff is a sign of paranoia but I will give you something remotely equal to it. As you know, I am among those who wish the PFDJ is weeded out, if not the first to coin that phrase. Rest assured that is not changing at all until the PFDJ is done with or I am gone for good. Now, I fully understand the jabs intended to me. But most of the times, I smile in not laugh, when I see smart, clever criticism. Your lack originality and your attempts at humor are just not humorous. But that is beyond the point, I am just trying to explain to you because you seen not to understand subtle remarks. Not my mistake. This is not certified letters, it is blunt—you seem to admire the “anbibka ahlif” political culture. No, my friend, why would I need to pass message to anyone when I can tell you anything in your face? Don’t ever think I am afraid of you, I am just trying to be decent, but you didn’t help, in fact you made it worse.
    8. Now, I have better things to do than stalk you. Are you serious? This reply has already killed a few brain cells in me. Be humble and don’t think that highly of yourself. And please clear any illusion you have that I will google or search for you—and which nick will I use to look for you. Be humble my friend.
    9. You wrote, “See in U in KEREN and will let u know more about me!”
    If I were you, I will consider that a threat 😊 Of course, if I go to Keren and I am spared by the monstrous PFDJ while you are in Keren, I might be threatened. But you know, I am not going there until the PFDJ is weeded out. So, I promise to invite you for tea if you pray with me “Weed out the PFDJ”
    Dear Hope,
    The above tone is inspired, forced, and imposed on me by you. That is not what I enjoy and you know it. However, I still wish you stay around. And if you just deal with me as an individual, I promise everything else would be fine with me and maybe, we can become friends. I can even tolerate your PFDJ leaning tendencies. What the heck, I tolerate many openly PFDJ and closet-PFDJ, you cannot add anything to the load. But if you trult are not a PFDJ apologist, let me see it just like you are openly expressing your views on anything under the sun. What do you say?

  • Saleh Johar

    Dear Hope,
    I just read your usual comment. I promise to respond in a few hours. It’s so deep I need to reply carefully. I hope you stay around to read it…. but I know you will

  • Mez

    Dear Hope,

    1) Dumb or no Dumb, it is all about (primarily economic) interest.

    2) TPLF is still part of the Ethiopian coalition government.

    3) Before the Ethiopian government can do/say anything about the relationship with Eritrea, it has to get an approval from it’s two northern regional states–Tigray and Afar.

    4) the time for multiple parties in Tigray state is not in site–one has still to go some miles with TPLF as the only party.

    4) for all practical purposes–in regards to business with Eritrea (policy wise), TPLF will stay as a single dominant factor.


    • Teodros Alem

      Selam mez
      Can tplf be a single dominate factor in regards to business with eritrea ,with out the help of other ethiopians? If yes how? Thanks.

      • Mez

        Good Day Teodros,

        To be brief, under the Ethiopian federal arrangement of governance, and regarding the Eritrean–Ethiopian a) boarder demarcation, b) crossboarder micro business, c) people to people diplomacy, to name few–will always be:

        1) initiated in Mekele–Tigray, & Semera–Afar States. Then they will get amplified (not degraded) in Addis Ababa.
        2) all other federal States in Ethiopia have no immediate interest (what so ever) in Eritrea. The Ethiopian federal government can deal with the Eritrean government to primarily serve the above two states.
        3) if there is going to be a meeting between Eritrean and Ethiopian governments todau, like 70 percent or more of the Ethiopian delegation will be from the two states I mentioned.
        4) unless it loses its power in Tigray, TPLF will stay powerful and key for peace making with Eritrea.

        • Teodros Alem

          Selam mez
          According to ethiopia constitution the foreign relations is under the federal government , not the individual states.
          Tell me the reason why eritrea don’t have economic or other interest(except border and skip walkyet for today) with the rest of ethiopia and vic versa?
          And again u still didn’t answer my question?

          • Mez

            Dear Teodros,
            I have to admit that this is a very big and diverse subject area; and it is only partially related to my area of focus and research. After saying the above:
            1) you said “….foreign relations is under the federal government , …..”. As a general framework YES you are correct. But the case with Eritrea has to do more with the two states “in unfreezing and setting in motion of good neighborhood”. The good old days of Mekele and Semera accepting orders from Addis is bygone now; they have elected State representatives.

            2) if this is what I missed: ” Does tlpf has the ability(the means) to be a dominant factor?” The answer for this is YES. Because 1) most of the contested areas are related to the Tigray state. And TPLF is the ruling party in Tigray. Also TPLF is one of the four political actors governing Ethiopia.


          • Teodros Alem

            Selam mez
            Over all u just said 2 thing
            1, tplf is now 1/4 of ethiopian main gov.
            2, u said the rest( non-tigrai) ethiopia will pay prize(blood, resource,time and animosity)for the thing they have nothing or little interest they have.
            My questions is, is not what u saying contradict each other?
            And why the rest of ethiopia pay prize for nothing to do with their interest? while tplf is 1/4 power which means tplf can’t force them to do it.
            Am talking about based on ur logic.

          • Mez

            Hi Tedros,

            On your #2:
            FOR THE ETHIOPIANS–What I am saying is, regarding border and any interactions with Eritrea, Tigray state interest is Ethiopian government interest and vice versa. There is no way to exclude TPLF from being the major player on this topic, (There is no reason too).
            2) The Eritrean government may think “i have nothing to do” with Tigray State and Mekele politicians; This is not going to help much in any strategic constellation.


          • Teodros Alem

            Selam mez
            If u agree as the constitution which the foreign affairs(border)r under federal gov, and if u agree on 3/4 of the federal gov. Power r at the hands of none tplf members of eprdf , so we can agree that the eritrea issue will be deal with the federal gov
            Based on the interest of ethiopia which is based on the interest of the 4 members of eprdf constituency or based on the interest of ethiopian people’s and gov .that include tigrai.
            Still am talking about based on ur logic.
            Am i right?

          • Mez

            Dear Teodros,

            Great analysis.

  • Paulos

    Selam Kbur Aya Saleh,

    I really hope the new PM reads your mature and lament laced “open letter” to him, simply because if a shadow government was to pen one, this would be it.

    Conspiracy theories abound, one would be left scratching his head to figure out the reason why Ethiopia is still holding on to Badme almost 17 years after the fact. Do the leaders in Ethiopia have a genuine concern and desire to help out the Eritrean people? If they really do, the only viable course of action is to pull out of Badme. In fact, that is also the only practical thing the leaders in Ethiopia could lend a helping hand to the Eritrean Opposition as well.

    EPRDF so it seems has leased the political capital of Badme to Isaias for the latter probably knows that the reason for the rigid stand is more than the naked eye can see where the policy toward Eritrea including the Opposition is anything but clear. In the meantime, people would be pushed to buy the conspiracy theory if there is any other ulterior motive beyond the veil as you put it diplomatic finesse and necessities. The SanA Forum is obsolete and if Hailemariam had said, he was ready to travel to Asmara, the new PM needs to say I am ready to pull out of Badme. That is the only way the leaders in Ethiopia could make a lasting positive impact on the Opposition.

  • Saleh Johar

    Oh Man, oh Hope,
    Every member of this forum is a witness that I have been asking you to get off my back for too long but you just wouldn’t. You have some kind of obsession provoking me for a fight. Lay off! Forget I exit, please. You are annoying the heck out of me. Man, get take this: I have nothing with you, I have no grudge, no hate, not even love. I know about you but I do not know you. So, get off my back.

  • Kbrom

    Dear Kokobay

    Our Jebena is not opening its link.

    “ንፋስ ከይኣትዎ ፍቅርና
    ከይከውን ዑና
    ክሳብ እዋኑ ዝበጽሕ
    ጽቡቅ ሕልምና
    ንካልእ (ኣይትንገሪ) 3 ምስጢር ክልተና

    ኣፍደገ ናይ ልበይ ንዓኪ ተከፊቱ
    ትርፊ ቦታ የለን ካልእ ንክትኣቱ
    ከምድላይኪ ጣጥሒ ናትኪየ በይንኪ
    ዝተረፈ እንተሎ ድሉው’የ ክህበኪ”(2)

    ልበይ ዘብርህ’ዩ ናይ ውሽጥኺ ማህደር
    ሕማቅን ጽቡቅን ኣብ ውሽጡ ዝዓቁር
    ሓሳብይ ሓዝኒ ክገልጾ ብቃለይ
    ገንጺልኪ ኣንብብዮ ብዝርዝር ሓሳበይ (2)

    ንዓኪ ኣይበቅዕን’ዩ ዘለኒ ሓሳባት
    ገሊጽካ ዘይውዳእ ሓበሬታ ምስልኪ
    ዘላ’ኳ ኣይመስለንን ትትክእ ንቦታኪ (2)

    ክግመት ዘይክኣል ናይ ፍቅርና ዓቀን
    ካብ መጠን ንላዕሊ’ዩ ዝስምዓኒ ሓበን
    ተግባሩ ብርህ’ዩ ዘይቅየር መልክዑ
    ከምፍቅርኪ ኣይርኣኩን ላዝኡ ማኣዝኡ (2)

    ሳልሳይ ከይኣቱ ዝሰርቅ ምስጢርና
    እሽንኳይ ፈታዊ ዝስሊ ፍቅርና
    ብሳሕቲ ትርከብ ናይ ምዝንጋዕ ጠንቂ
    ጽንዓት ይሃበና ፍቅርና ብረቂቅ(3)

    ኣብራር ዑስማን

    • Kokhob Selam

      Dear Kbromay,

      Yes I know that but if you want to open it type in Google and it will open for you,, I think by now the awate,com admin are going to solve it..

      Thank you Kbromay for the above ኣብራር ዑስማን Poem of song..


  • Kim Hanna

    Selam Awatistas,
    I watched a spectacular football game today between Manchester City and Manchester United. What a game it was.
    I know just about now someone, a smart-aleck Awatista, want to know how this post is related to the article.
    I will tell you how it is related, if you give me a MINUTE.
    Someone who was a regular poster here, who is absent (not posting for a while) probably was watching the same game with beer in hand. That is how it is related.
    I miss his post. His predictable pinches of everyone now and then and particularly his knack for those poetic Amharic pearls of wisdom.
    I miss you Luel Ras Abi.
    Mr. K.H

  • said

    All wars end with winners and losers, the only real losers are the people. while almost all the states in the horn of Africa “Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan and south Sudan” have been weakened or completely wrecked, Ethiopia to certain degree is the only one still standing . In 1990, the EPRDF was a Marxist front guerrilla alliance fighting long war battling the Mengistu Haile Mariam army, Derg, a communist hard-core Marxist-Maoist military junta that had deposed king Haile Selassie in a 1974 coup.
    In 1991 EPRDF entered Addis Ababa and took the helm of central power; it has ruled Ethiopia ever since. Abiy , as prime minister and commander in chief of the armed forces, Abiy is expected to preside over a major military reorganization, good luck . Abiy told parliament. “We have to keep in mind that Ethiopia is ours and build a participatory democracy that allows everyone’s voice to be heard and everyone to benefit.” that is fine and dandy. “Difference is not a curse when we listen to each other, and when we agree based on principle, it brings blessings. And he stated, “I present my offer to Ethiopians that are here and also abroad that we forgive one another and close yesterday’s chapter and start another,” he told lawmakers in his speech to parliament. In argument, solutions will be found. face it and owned and make this reality happen. The TPLF still in charge and mostly high ranking position -and dominated Ethiopian army and intelligence services, veteran TPLF Getachew Assefa, the director of the national intelligence security service, and the new position the army’s Tigrayan chief of staff Gen. Samora Younes.
    Abiy’s deputy prime minister, Demeke Mekonnen, the chairman of the Amhara National Democratic Movement. Abiy need to be carful in fulfilling his pelage and walk a fine line to satisfy the aspirations of his fellow Ethiopian and show to his base the Oromo he is capable of delivering. Not withstanding recent successes.
    Ethiopia has turned the page of Marxism and Leninism of by gone era of Bolshevism ideology and the policies Ethiopia implemented central policy, that had long term consequences for most Ethiopian . In a pendulum movement, Ethiopia for century was feudal state, Ethiopia of 1960th and 70th – was part “western free world” event those remained feudal state and self-adoration of the of king Haile Selassie and his cohort feudal super-rich, – 45 years later after the demise of king Haile Selassie , The sad truth of the last two decade-and-a-half, a new face and class , a similar cabal of the superrich emerged “ruling class”, a powerful forces, former Marxist group turned free capitalist and for most ethnically and intimately tied to one another in controlling the state . Some of the deep state are not yet satisfied with its efforts to further expropriate the wealth of Ethiopia, working class and poor Ethiopian will continue to suffer, till real change is felt by the masses. the ruling class still want to enrich themselves more . the ruling class controls not only the Ethiopian parliament, but the higher apparatus of state power, An ever-growing number of ordinary Ethiopian are coming to realize that they are being had for century and for centuries long tyranny of ruling-class and wealth expropriation of the poor peasant and landless. ay by one political forces entity of the greatest con-men of last two decades and half . Today Ethiopia has morphed into a set of coercive and falsely consensual societies. Ethiopia is endowed with a bigger and more oppressive bureaucracy than that of China and former Soviet Union. True existence of human civilisation is based on justices and free society .one hopes Ethiopia will respect International Law. The fact remains horn of Africa countries economic are stagnant economic truth of Ethiopia as deepening socio-economic inequality is obvious to all who choose to see, to know, what’s going on interior of Ethiopia. This condition exacerbates such ongoing conditions as deepening poverty, failing health and overall social malaise. Ethiopia need shifting from an agricultural to manufacturing nation. One can only wonder if a series of catastrophes similar to those that took place in the feudal state of past 1900s-1970s is the only social force that redress the tendencies to ever-greater inequality? The great challenge facing Ethiopian progressives groups and Dr. Aiby in the upcoming years is to acknowledge economic inequality and the need for a radical redistribution of social wealth through out Ethiopia.

    • Patriot

      Selam said and thanks for your interesting thoughts. I believe that Ethiopia now runs a real risk of soon having ethnic cleansing targeting Tigrians. It has already happened Gondar way. PM Abiy can possibly avoid Tigray ethnic cleansing, by quickly setting-up a neutral and very capacitance special land review – land reclamation office, which would critically review the status of land that has been leased since 1991, with an aim of assessing if land had been developed in-line with original investment plan. Land remains the most critical issue in Ethiopia.

      • said

        Selam Patriot,
        Accountability and rectifying past injustice is essential going forward and by restoring and give the people their right and property .Ethiopian civil rights must be an advocate ,a peaceful movement must aim and bring democratic accountability to the governing party, without throwing away the country’s gains and stability . The young people who turned out are no longer willing to accept hollow promises or to be afraid of politicians’ threats. That gives Ethiopian real aspiration and hope after 3 years of protest against EPRDF regime and those dramatic days that shook Ethiopia and that brought change for better future . They were enormously successful. Abiy must begin to deliver a more democratic and transparent government. he is well aware of the risk and the situation that brought him to power and he also knows well that millions of Ethiopian will grind their country to a halt if he doesn’t deliver a better future .where mass popular uprisings have put a stop to authoritarian regime and succeeded in restoring at least some semblance of small step to hope full-scale democracy.

  • Patriot

    Selam All. Incredible it is, to now see comments on how good the TPLF is, in that they are admitting their mistakes. Is this outright lie the way that you wish to portray a collapsing regime? The TPLF has admitted nada! They have simply fully realized that their remaining days are numbered and they are trying desperately to stretch out their lifeline to give them time to sell their holdings and to get their money out of the country.

    • Mez

      Good Day Patriot,

      You said:

      “….They have simply fully realized that their remaining days are numbered and….”

      1) What could be your, conceivable, reasoning to state so?

      2) From what I see, TPLF is–most likely– recalibrating itself (politically) to the new reality within the boundary of Ethiopia. This is a healthy political process.

      3) Regarding the Eritrean-Ethiopian political dynamics, TPLF is now (under PM AAA) in a much better position than ever before.


      • Patriot

        Selam Mez. TPLP days are numbered, as they coming from a minority ethnic group, will now for the first time, be really held accountable for the death of thousands of innocent people that has taken place over the past 27 years. While this transpires, TPLF investments and landholdings which dominate all regions in Ethiopia, will commence to crumble.

        • Mez

          Hi Patriot,

          1) Don’t make your answer looks like one of the many PIA interviews.

          2) please try to explain what makes you believe so, (why).


          • Patriot

            Selam Mez. More Ethiopians have been killed and imprisoned during the the TPLF than during the Derg regime. Unlike the TPLF mafia, the Derg principals came from different ethnicities. With PM Abiy and a more accentuated change sure to come in 2020, harmed families will quickly come out of the woodwork to demand that justice be served to TPLF known criminals. At the same time and in the short term, irrespective of PM Abiy, TPLF and Tigray investments and property outside of Tigray region, will come under increased attack and ethnic cleansing will ensue; a TPLF with hunt will transpire.

          • Mez

            Dear Patriot,

            I think you (most likely) have wrong initial, and bench-mark assumptions.


  • Patriot

    Selam Ayneta. You are 1,000% correct!

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear all,

    I couldn’t read the above article on due time,,Just I read it and there are a lot of interesting massages on inside that give great advice.. and more..

    “Your Excellency, I understand that your concern is Ethiopian interests, and your responsibility is to pursue your nation’s agenda. No one expects you to be concerned about Eritrea at the expense of your country—unless it concerns Ethiopian interest. It is with that understanding that I wish you luck in establishing peace with the PFDJ. However, please bear in mind that after a few months in office, your predecessor, Mr. Hailemariam Desalegn, told Al Jazeera Television, “If you ask me ‘Do you want to go to Asmara [the Eritrean capital] and sit down and negotiate with Isaias Afewerki?’, then I will say ‘yes’.”,

    I cold had a lot to say but keep watching at my Jebena page in next few days..


  • Patriot

    Selam All. A late Tweet from Trump- ‘Congrats@TPLF on
    selection of Ethiopia’s new PM. Nice job! Abby appears smart and impressive
    and reminds me of my son Barron’

  • Saleh Johar

    Selam Hasot
    I am not taking your nick literally though it is hard not to do that. So, may I know why it is okay for you to congratulate the PM but not others? On a second thought, don’t bother to answer. I have to guess the Haqqi myself.

    Congratulation Hadit 🙂

  • Kebessa

    ሰላማት ደቂ ዓበይቲ:
    ሓድሽ ቀዳማይ ሚንስተር ኢትዮጵያ ምስ ኤርትራ ናይ ሰላም ልዝብ ክገብር ቁሩብነቱ ድሕሪ ምግላጹ፣ መስከረም.ነት ልዕሊ ህግደፍ ህግደፍ ኮይና ኣቃጫጭ ዘረባ እንዳገበረት ክሳብ ሎሚ ተዕለብጥ ኣላ። ይገርምዩ!
    መስከረም፣ እንታዩ’ቲ ጸገም? ስለምንታይ ኢኻ ናይ ሰላምን ሰናይ ጉርብትናን ንፋሳት ትቃወም ዘለኻ?

  • Beyan


    When the heavy hitters at this forum were discussing Dr. Abiy’s speech in a different thread, I was so sure someone was going to do some sort of discourse analysis, I was wrong. Speaking of “cosmetics”, what I read in the thread were more about the ambiance surrounding the speech, its similarities to the Western type of speech, its setting, what have you. Of course, to do any kind of discourse analysis on the language why particular idea was following another, particularly, as it pertains to Eritrea would’ve made for a fantastic discussion. That not being the case, I thought, I’d just bring the part where the speech brings forth Eritrea. So, right before the speaker came to address Eritrea as one of its foreign policy matter, he spoke of rule of law, democracy, and peace. This makes sense because to have any kind of dialogue on diplomacy would need to be premised on those antecedents the speaker was highlighting. At any rate, I found the transcript of the speech in English online. Thus, I am only copying one that’s pertinent to Eritrea. In the new Ethiopian PM’s own words as transcribed to English:

    “In both ways, the democracy that we yearn for cannot become a reality. In democratic governance, the supremacy of the law needs to be established. One wisdom that we need not forget while trying to ensure the supremacy of the law is that our people are not looking simply for the presence laws but also the realization of justice. The enforcement of the law need not be divorced from justice. What our people are striving for isn’t a dry law but rather a system of laws conceived within justice, that stands for justice. What the people are looking for are neutral and non-partisan law enforcement officers that are loyal to the law and those that jealously guard the rights of citizens.

    “The law must rule us all equitably. When it does, the law protects for all of us the dignity that emanates from our humanity. By comprehending this truth, we shall fill the gap in the administration of justice by making the necessary reforms (improvements) so that democracy will flourish in our country; so that freedom and justice shall reign; so that the supremacy of the law becomes a reality.

    “For peace, the foundation is justice. Peace is not the absence of conflict. Peace is an inviolable unity built on our common understandings. Peace is our confidence in each other. Peace is our common journey that continued to this day through our coming together in unity. Peace is our path and our goal that allows us to solve disagreements and conflicts in a civilized manner.


    “We find ourselves in a time when the Horn of Africa is gripped by lots of crisis and where many forces with different interests and objectives are scrambling and where there are many complex entanglements. At the same time, it is a region where there are many peoples interconnected with culture, language and long history.

    “Regarding our foreign relations: Our country is the foundation of Pan-Africanism, the founder and seat of the African Union, the founder of many leading international organizations, and a country that plays a notable role in regional, continental, and global matters. This policy of ours built on common interest and common benefit, we will strengthen and continue with it. With our African brothers in generally and with our neighbors in particular, we will stand together in times of hardship as well as in times of happiness.

    “With the government of Eritrea, we want from the bottom of our hearts that the disagreement that has reigned for years to comes to an end. We would also discharge our responsibility. While expressing our readiness resolve our differences through dialogue, I take this opportunity to call on the Eritrean government to take a similar stand not only for the sake of our common interest but also for the common blood relations between the peoples of the two countries.”


    • Selam Beyan,

      Maybe this is simply a wild idea. I have been thinking, for what it is worth, i wish his speech or any other political speech that stimulates people’s interest, is discussed and analyzed in communities, so that people can examine the topics mentioned in the speech (especially in this case), and draw their own conclusions, and learn first hand what they should expect from their pm (politicians).

      Nevertheless, what can one do about the cynical and other individuals, who would cry out saying this is propaganda and all the rest. The other problem is, if there can be free discussion, when such places could easily be infiltrated and the discussion directed or derailed. Worse still, what can one do if dictators get the idea.

      Except the politically oriented ethiopians, what percentage of our people are going to discuss and analyze the pm’s speech. I do not know; i think it is a small percentage. Could the above mentioned idea help create informed citizens?

      • Beyan

        merHaba Horizon,

        As I am sure, you may have surmised, my reasoning for choosing the part that I did was in hopes to engage Eritreans, to take a moment and reflect. The two neighboring countries started their nation-state journey in 1991. They both had the opportunity to do right by their people and the region that had seen too many opportunities squandered deserved to try a different tack. Ethiopia struggled to do the right thing. It had the public that wanted for TPLF so badly to fail and they kept on poking it in the eyes to rob it blind, but the Ethiopian government kept on evolving. Finally, the straw that didn’t break the camel’s back, if you will, was the three years demonstrations that engaged Ethiopian citizens, mostly the young Oromos kept on persisting, the leadership made, in my estimate, the right call in response. Now, every Ethiopian seems to be seeing a piece of the new PM in him or her, and the message of the speech was also reflective of that, where everyone was able to be grabbed my some part of his speech as you may seem to be headed towards.

        I think your idea is a good one for Ethiopians inside and outside Ethiopia to not let their guards down and begin to draw a communal road map in their respective communities and write down not only what touched them about the speech the most, but also hold the PM and his colleagues accountable for the hopeful trajectories they have placed the country in. I mean every community should be begin consciousness raising endeavors. Imagine, the Tigryans, Amharas, Garages, Oromos gather together and speak of their collective expectations from their government. After all, the man has been able to unify them all by saying all of the blood that were spilled is how Ethiopia should be conceived and that nobody paid more dearly than any other.

        When TPLF went barreling all the way to Addis in 1991, the average soldier’s blood that was spilled on the other side wasn’t the enemy’s blood of Mengistu and his cohorts, they left packing to save their behinds. Who paid the ultimate price was the average soldier, a poor one from the country-side, and that soldier, as far as he was concerned, he was spilling his blood for the mother country – ለእናት ኢትዮጵያ::

        I believe you have an excellent idea, the instituting of it the daunting part. I don’t know how well connected you’re with your community, but it is really worth giving a try.

        Well, let me now tell you about the other part of the equation that I started with, our Eritrea. When Ethiopians incessantly kept at demonstrating for three years until the culmination of which yielded to the nomination of a new PM. Consider our case, every time Eritreans tried to rebel starting from the disabled veterans who were mowed down in the early nineties until as recently as a month ago, what they’ve received in return from the regime is death, dungeon, in short, ሕስረትን መከራን::

        When the PM’s speech transitioned from talks about democracy, rule of law, and peace by stating that “Peace is our path and our goal that allows us to solve disagreements and conflicts in a civilized manner.” And then immediately began to look outward to our region, for a reader like me, the man is not going to just have peaceful negotiations with Eritrea without these premises, these bedrocks of democracy, rule of law, and peace are code words that will be the basis for any peaceful diplomatic discourses. Ethiopia will not talk with Eritrea only on the whims and desires of those who are at the helm, who never had any legitimate claim to speak on behalf of Eritrea.

        Remember, after all, the PM is rightly claiming that his “…country is the foundation of Pan-Africanism, the founder and seat of the African Union, the founder of many leading international organizations, and a country that plays a notable role in regional, continental, and global matters. This policy of ours built on common interest and common benefit, we will strengthen and continue with it. With our African brothers in generally and with our neighbors in particular, we will stand together in times of hardship as well as in times of happiness.” This kind of message is not for the faint of heart. Ethiopia feels it has a mandate and the moral obligation to lead. Ethiopia is not an imperialist nation, where it would only look at its own interest, but a nation that is appropriating and claiming “the foundation of Pan-Africanism”. If she is going to own that organic leadership with the vested interest of any African nation with which it makes peace negotiations at heart, then, she needs to assert the bedrock principles of peace, democracy, and rule of law with every nation that she institutes bilateral talks.

        When the PM was talking about all of the promising future for Ethiopians, we Eritreans were morning the passing of DeruE. Ambassador Adhanom who should be representing Eritrea to speak about diplomatic and development issues to Eritreans in DC area, he was eulogizing his comrade-in-arms. Amb Andebrhan and Dr. Idris were in Sweden talking about how to rid ourselves from the tyrant at home. So, when SGJ titled his piece, partially, as an ‘envious’ Eritrean, he could see all these jarring and discombobulating juxtapositions between the two countries where they worked hand in hand to rid of Derg, one chooses a path to distraction once they were handed the task of leading their respective nations, the other the path of development and progress, and it is time for Eritreans to reckon and change the path of distraction to a path akin to what Ethiopia is doing. ዘይቀንእ ኣይወልድ ዝበሃል ከምዚ ምስ ዘጋጥም’ዩ:: So, Horizon and many Ethiopians who are within the listening area of your message should heed your call to cititzenship. After all, the demonstration of three years had shown that coordination between inside and outside Ethiopia can be synchronized. And this is the kind of synchronization that can easily succeed. Man, once I get going, there ain’t stopping me. I better the brakes on here.


        • Selam Beyan,

          I really can’t thank you enough. It is so generous of you to give us your viewpoint, which is so educating and enlightening.

        • Haile S.

          Selam Beyan,
          Allow me to put my few grains of salt on your generous take of the new prime Ethiopian ministers speech and your exchange with Horizon. It says a lot about you and your generous forward looking vision. I will brief. You said “Ethiopia feels it has a mandate and the moral obligation to lead. Ethiopia is not an imperialist nation, where it would only look at its own interest…”. Ethiopia (Eth) may feel that, but the measures it took and continues to take in matters of peacefull coexistance with Eritrea has not been proportional to what it is aspiring. Eth may feel the one eyed among the blind, but that remain in its perception. If Eth has a moral obligation, it is to respect what it had signed and NOT taking successive steps back in search mechanism for coersion to negociation. What does an imperialist nation does different then? Eth is not self assertive in many ways and in particular as a regional leader. It lacks self-assertiveness internally, and this spills overs to its policy on neighbouring countries. If Eth is a leader in its region she is like the tigrigna saying ‘መራሒቶም ዝሓንካስ ኩሎም ደፍላጻት’ translated as a lame leader of the wobbly, if you will. The phraseaology like “feeling a mandate to lead” is infact typical of a sugar coated strategy of one who wants to dominate others, especially when her/his practices are quite the opposite. Having said that I wish Dr Abiy Ahmed good luck in his endeavor to bring peace and development to his country and people.

          • Beyan

            MerHaba Haile S.,

            Points absolutely well taken. Ethiopia needs to not only talk-the-talk, but must walk-the-walk. I get that. With the new PM at the helm and the lofty ideals he advanced in his speech, one will not take him at his words, which is why I was so excited with Horizon’s idea. After all, politicians must not be taken for their words, they need to be watched like a hawk during the day and like bats at night. One cannot afford to blink in front of politicians. We’ve seen countless times in how a 90+ of age Mugabe trying to change the constitution, in someone’s words, what is the man trying to do take us to the grave in his wheelchair.

            Without deviating too far, the man at the helm of power in Eritrea is Exhibit A in what can go wrong with a nation when it trusted its politicians. We treated him like he was an angel that could do no wrong during his ascendency to power in the early nineties to a point of we were willing to look the other way when he tricked and fooled our disabled vets in Mai Habar. In diaspora the man was treated like a Hollywood super star when he visited the US.

            Be that as it may, reverting to your healthy skepticism of Ethiopia as a regional power, it is in that light that I was so happy to see SGJ’s piece as it put the new PM on notice that the man at the helm of political power is not the only stakeholder, that the new PM ought to also consider the opposition as ones of the main stakeholders who were used like pawns between the elites of individual Tigray politicians and EPRDF in which they have overwhelming political clout. On the other end of the stick was the man at the helm of power calling the opposition a name not worthy repeating here, and the worst part is we began to believe the man instead of trying to work with what we have to make it better.

            So, Haile S., I may have given an impression that Ethiopia is already doing it, but I consider its historical context as a nation who can champion “Pan Africanism”, to use the PM’s own words, because it stands out as one of the rare commodities that was not impacted by colonialism as did so many other countries, including ours. So, it is that historical context I feel will give Ethiopia one-upmanship over others in the region. It is a hopeful note and an optimistic vision on my part that I am trying to cling onto. It remains to be seen whether the new PM can rise to the powerful rhetorical speech he had given as he was sworn in to lead his nation at this critically important junction. A shift of paradigm of immense proportions await the people and its leader, hope they are ready for it.

            Many thanks for your usual insightful challenges.


        • Kim Hanna

          Selam Beyan,
          Oh, my goodness, you are right once you start going……
          Do you know our notable Awatista M.S? He will be concerned about his perch now.
          The post is an excellent read.
          I was also surprised and humbled you made a reference to my posts above.
          With appreciation.
          Mr. K.H

    • Alex

      Hi Beyan,
      You are too optimistic on PMAA on his speach on Eritrea. Personally, I do not see anything new in his speech regarding Eritrea. He is saying the same thing that was told by two of his predecessor PMMZ and PMHD, which is let us solve our issue by dialogue. No body want to continue the no war no peace, but the ball is in Ethiopia court for the last 16 years and counting. Let them honor the Hague verdict, so the two nations can normalize their relationship for the benefit of the two countries.

      • Beyan

        Hello Alex,

        Helplessly optimistic even against the daunting odds, Alex. I am in complete agreement with you on both counts: That the ball has been in Ethiopia’s court and the no-peace-no-war policy did its damage on Eritrea and continues to hurt us badly on all fronts. My hope (there is that word again), but really my hope is if such an olive branch is reciprocated in kind, then one can begin to address the border issue.

        Here is the conundrum, one has to admit, first and foremost, the no-peac-no-war is hurting Eritrea more than Ethiopia. Once we accept this fact is when we can take a mile from an inch of the olive branch that Ethiopia is extending. The problem with our regime in power in Eritrea is, it wants the stalemate to continue, because if that is resolved where is Eritrea going to put – God knows – how many young men and women we have stationed at the border, close to 200K, perhaps, I really don’t know anymore. But that will be the beginning of instability for the regime from within. Naturally, a lot of disgruntled Eritreans will begin to ask questions, hard questions that regime will be hard pressed to answer. Unemployment will peek, the PTSDs related to the war will bring forth an unintended consequences that the regime is incapable of handling.

        So, the willingness to resolve the issue must and should come from our end. Calling it for what it is, that it is in Ethiopia’s court as if it alone should initiate to resolve the border stalemate is not genuine, there is internal political motive on Eritrea’s part. I know where this conversation is going to go, to that proverbial political egg and chicken, which came first argument. And, it will get us nowhere. In a different thread, I think it was Kim Hanna who made excellent observation, which I will not to drag here. In fact, let me find it, it really makes sense what he was saying. Stay tuned, Alex


        • Beyan

          Selam Alex,

          Instead of one that I was looking for, I found three that I think you will begin to see how Ethiopians’ viewpoints have changed over the years in what TPLF has been able to achieve in unifying Ethiopia at the crucial junction in its history. No Ethiopian worth his salt was going to accept TPLF led government to take charge in the early 1990s to lead a nation that Amharas had a firm grip on. But, Kim Hanna, by his own admission, as a man from Amhara region is the best advocate TPLF/EPRDF could ever have. His ability to see the facts on the ground as they are not as he wished them to be is rare, indeed. I don’t want to qualify his statements, they speak for themselves. A lot of times, in this fast paced forum, we don’t have time to digest what each and everyone of us is writing. I don’t always read all of the commentaries, it is next to impossible to do that. One will have nothing else to do in life other than read and write in this forum. The universe knows, I am feeling that these days. So, here are Kim Hanna’s comments, enjoy:

          Kim Hanna 2 days ago

          Selam saay,

          The EPRDF chose AAA to lead the party and the nation as the new Prime Minister. There are a lot of symbolic and ground breaking changes that accompanies the choice that is extremely positive for the nation in its own right. That is my belief and opinion.

          However, I don’t know the man prior to this event, neither a lot of other people.

          I think, 180 very sr. officials of EPRDF, presumably who know him first hand for an extended period of time, voted for him. I have to give THAT fact some weight. They thought that is their best choice for the country at this time.

          Now, days before he became our PM, some decided to tarnish him with flimsy tidbits from the internet. They chose to define him as lunatic and conman. This kind of tarnishing didn’t come from the average Nitricc, it came from those we regard in high esteem, here at Awate. This unfair characterization might even be picked up by others to drag his name through the mud.

          For all I know, he might be an embarrassment and might turn out the way you describe him. If that is the case not only would I declare my disappointment at PMAA but deep concern at EPRDF itself.

          I don’t think that is Bushian thinking. I think it is a normal thinking.

          Mr. K.H

          Kim Hanna 3 days ago

          Selam Horizon,

          I am not sure the tplf is being dethroned is the right term or sentiment to describe what is happening in 2018. It might be a question of degrees or language, I have a different take.

          I sometimes sound that I am an advocate of tplf, I don’t even know a single TPLF member. (Fanti doesn’t count)

          This is really where we need a person like T. Kifle to lay out his version of reality as he sees it and lay the facts on the ground, so that we can inspect. He must be busy.

          My view from 5000 miles away and a quarter of a century ago ago is that TPLF militarily toppled the Derg government together with other partners. Once they caught the tiger by the tail, their big partner EPLF split. TPLF assembled the remaining Jr. partners and formed the EPRDF.

          Since the TPLF had all the big guns, what they said and wanted in the meetings had more weight.

          Fast track to 1998-2000 because of PIA blunder, the TPLF developed a big fracture in its structure. The Siye Abraha group and the Meles group. The astute Meles repaired the fractured damage in TPLF by strengthening EPRDF to gain political allies.

          That motion gained enough traction to culminate in PMHD becoming the 2nd PM.

          The members of ALL EPRDF players have now an equal soap box to express their views.

          They know each member needs the others and the alternative is rather dark.

          Only enemies of Ethiopia want to fan any and all sparks they see. We will see them jumping around in the coming days and years. Of course, the jury is out as to what will happen next year or next 100 days as you said. (that is an American term which bothers me)

          At the moment, I breath a sigh of relief and am proud of the fact that there are a lot of Ethiopians with level head to march forward in spite of all the noise. ( what is the saying….the dogs bark when the camels walk ???)

          Mr. K.H

          Kim Hanna 9 days ago

          Selam Paulos,

          I agree with your sentiment. My point earlier was we have educated Ethiopians who forgot where we were a couple of decades ago. I see some of them in different forums dismissing what is achieved so far and go even beyond that.

          I somewhat understand the venom some of the commentators from the north and PFDJites throw in their direction. Ignorance and politics of self destruction. Eritrea never had a better sympathetic kin like TPLF and co. I myself was not comfortable in the early 90s, because it was so close. But the man in Asmara poisoned the well, as Meles said.

          Now we are moving again and hope for the better future.

          What I want to say in closing is this.

          TPLF and folks in Tigray should know themselves what they have achieved and accomplished for Ethiopia is such of a historic magnitude that even if the rest of Ethiopia do not acknowledge it for political expediency, matter not. It is written in blood.

          Future generations who write and read will acknowledge it in awe as the dramatic departure point from chaos, misery and poverty.

          Mr. K.H

  • Kbrom

    Dear all,

    For a change!

    What do you think if we try it ala PIA ኢየ ዝብሎ ኣነ kinda of summary.

    I am proposing each of us to summarise in one, two or maximum three lines, our taking on PMAA’s election. It could be in English, Tigrigna, Arabic, Amharic etc.

    For example Emma’s could be
    ዝኾነ Incremental Change ለውጢ ዘምጽእ ምዕባለ ስለዝኾነ ናይ ዶክተር ኣቢዩ ምምራጽ ኣወንታዊ ኣበርክቶ ንዴሞክራሲ ኢትዮጲያ እዩ። ዘገምታዊ ለውጢ ኢየ ዝብሎ ኣነ!
    General Nitirricay’s could be
    ወያነ ዓቕላ ኣጽቢባ ትገብሮ ዘላ ምስሉዩነት ኢዩ። (Game Over) ጸወታ ተወዲኡ እየ ዝብሎ ኣነ።

    I will start and hopefully all A -Forumsitas will follow.

    Here we go:
    ሕቶ ህዝቢ ኢትዮጲያ ናይ ፍትሒ፡ ማዕርነት፡ ምቕረሐ ጸጋታትን ስልጣንን፡ ሰብኣዊ መሰልን ክብረትን ስለዝኾነ፡ ብኡ መንጽር መርሓ ኢህወደግ ክሳብ ዘይተቐየረ፡ ምልውዋጥ መራሕቲ ንመሰረታዊ ጠለባት ህዝቢ ኢትዮጲያ ዝምልሶ ኣይኮነን። ኮዝሜቲካዊ ለውጢ እየ ዝብሎ ኣነ።

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Kbromay,

      Let me try to address your views for this one and for the other you gave answers to my inquiry last night. Thank you for the reply. Now, I have a slight difference on your views in you earlier comment. When we usually talk about changes, it is whether the change should be “fundamental change” or “cosmetic change”. In this case the “fundamental change” is about a complete change of the “structure of government”, change of “leadership”, and change the philosophy of governing. On the other hand “cosmetic change” refers to slight change in the governing structure and change of leadership, while the governing philosophy remains intact as envisioned in the current constitution of the state. If we agree on this description on what changes entails in general, then “incremental changes” fall under “cosmetic changes” to show the evolutionary changes within the governing philosophy of the nation.

      Therefore, suppose EPRDF (a) made Changes by allowing an open democratic space for the oppositions to compete without restriction freely and ensured it by having new elections laws (b) introduce new regulations as to how to maintain the equilibrium of the social components to ensure the unity of the country without changing the governing philosophy (that include the current Federalism and the nature of powers devolved to the states), then we can call it incremental change within the grand-frame of cosmetic changes. In other words incremental changes are cosmetic changes.

      On the other hand, if they change the governing philosophy, the structure of the states and central government, then we can say, Ethiopians have made a fundamental revolutionary change how to govern themselves.

      In my view, the current circumstance of Ethiopia, only invites incremental political changes within their governing philosophy. Any fundamental change will un intended ramifications to the equilibrium of its social components.


    • iSem

      Hi Kbrom:
      You have given us a challenge, you have pierced our challenges of addressing the new reality in Ethiopia. You have challenged us to economy in words, you have challenged us to be to the point. Here is mine:
      PS, what is the Tigriniya or Tigryat for cosmetic? 😉

      It maybe cosmetic change, the new PM maybe shallow, maybe terrible person, maybe a con man. But to see the country to peacefully transfer power from a former rebel to a civilian who had no role in the armed struggle and he in turn to to transfer that power to someone who was underage in 1991 is something Africa must celebrate. The rest is details, albeit an intricate detail. Who was that said, “I want to know the mind of God, the reset is mere details”

    • Haile S.

      Selam Kbrom,
      IA heard you and here is what he said.
      መን ምስሓሰረ እዮም፡ ንዕኡ ክብሮም ዝበልዎ። ኣኽብሮ ኢሎም እንተዘጠምቕዎ ምሓሸ ነይሩ፡ እየ ኣነ ዝብል።

      • Kbrom

        Heya Hailat

        C’est drôle ኣኽብሮ ን IA

        • Haile S.

          Hey Kbrom,
          ነይረ ድየ? ክብሉ ሰሚዔ እምበር!
          At the same time, let me answer iSem’s question “what is the Tigriniya or Tigryat for cosmetic?” Cosmetic in Tigrigna should be መተራኸሻ, based on an old very bad and insulting propagandist short eritrean movie during the eri-ethiopian war where a tigryan (from tigray) lady who happened to find lipstick I think in eritrea (not sure, too long time) and she puts it on the lips and all around the lips saying መታራኸሻ ተረኺቡ ከሎ…..!

          • iSem

            Hi Haile:
            መተራኸሻ was used for lipstick or make up but cosmetic as in the context of Kbrom used it, meaning superficial I prefer ላህመታዊ ለውጢ

          • Haile S.

            Thank you iSem. I didn’t know that word. I was thinking cosmetic and cosmetic is all the same.

          • Kbrom

            Hi iSem, saau7, Hailat and all

            Once upon a time a Tegadalit was teaching English and one of the Tegadelti students asked her ምስካፍ ብእንግሊዝ እንታይ ይበሃል to which she replied ፈረንጂ ኣይስከፉን ኢዮም ስለዚ ብእንግሊዝ ምስካፍ ዝብል ቃላት የሎን።

            There was no cosmetic in our society when Tigrigna was invented and the master of Tigrigna EPLF did not creat one because there was no Cosmetic in እዋን ገድሊ except accusing እንዳ Emma ሓወይ ተጋዳላይ ዓማ ተወልዋላይ ዘይቲ ሒኛ ተሪፍዎ ኪኸውን ሰበይቲ (ሕጂ ኢና ዝጠፋእና በለት ስላስ ጠፋእና ብኣማኒኤል) thus we do not have word, the only cosmetic our women use to do is ኩሕሊ hence the closest one was ኩሕለ ምሕሊ.

            saay7 you have great, great point ላህመታዊ gives absolutely opposite meaning in ላህመት you find the oil, fat, spices of the curry etc. The reason people use ላህመታዊ is because it floats. Once Nikita Khrushchev replied ‘ yes gold sinks and zinc floats’ to Gamal Abdu Nasser’s joke when the latter tried to insult the heavy weight Khrushchev by saying if this boat is capsized now Khrushchev would be the first person to be drawn in the sea.

            Here is my taking

            Cosmetic ሚክያጃዊ Yes iSemey Gomida that is it!
            superficial ላዕለ ላዕላዊ፡ ጥማዓዊ
            Reformist ጽገናዊ
            luxury ምግያጽ when it goes beyond Maslow’s Psychological needs category
            Perfunctory ቃል ዓለማዊ
            Sample ቅምሶኣዊ

          • Saleh Johar

            Hi Kibrom,
            I am not sure if you know this, but that propaganda lyric was composed to defeat the late Abraham Negssi, who left us a few weeks ago. He was so handsome and charismatic the people gravitated to him. That is why the EPLF Jamaheer came with that lyric which became a hit in many villages. So, it could have been altered to “tegadalay Aamma, but originally it was Abraham Negassi. I used to sing that song to Abraham whenever I met him and he would smile and say, “anta fediHa’endo gdef. ” Abrahan was a PRINCIPLED MAN.

          • Kbrom

            Hi Saleh,

            I have heard his name and that he was very popular politician. Look at Eritrean history, we are saying ‘who left us a few weeks ago’ as a footnote when he deserves a heroic national mourning, and history telling. By the way you are one of the few who fought for promoting leaders like Seyum Harestay and others so Kudos.

            By mistake we say ህግደፍ መሰል ምንባር ይኸልእ forgetting that HGDEF also መሰል ብኽብሪ ሙማት እውን ከምዝኸልእ።

          • saay7



            iSem is really really mad at himself that he didn’t think of this:

            “luxury: ምግያጽ when it goes beyond Maslow’s Psychological needs category”


          • Haile S.

            Very interesting. I thought ቃል ዓለም was wordworld. I have a childhood friend almost a tween brother who use to translate every tigrigna directly to english. When he goes to the wc you will hear him singing ‘abxhing your goten to the skky!’ Those who know the tigrigna song will remember quickly.

          • Kbrom

            Hailat Abi seb

            I remeber the song, I was happy with things like do not see me by your mountain eye, ብጎቦ ዓይንኻ ኣይትጠምተኒ tis there any question for intestine ንሕምቶ ዶ ሕቶ፥ is that my hand I revenge that? እዚኣ ኢያ ኢደይ ኣነስ ከምኡ ክፍደ

          • saay7

            Kbrom and Hailat:

            Po po po po…What will exit off it?

            You know how St Fanti loves everything and everybody? The only time I saw him unhappy was when I shared the translation of the song ኣብቲ ሓጎሰይ….”in my happiness, pass on my single.


          • Saleh Johar

            I have a classic one I heard from a friend.

            An Eritrean has done some favors to a colleague but when he neede the friend’ support, he disappointed him. In surprise the Eritrean exclaimed: Is this my hand, is this my hand?

            The poor khwajah replied, “yes it’s your hand.”

            Guess what was the Tigrinya lamentation was!

          • Kbrom

            Oh Salehay difficult question

            Was it because I feed my fingers bit! ክንዲ ዘኾለስኩ ኢደይ ተነኸስኩ?

          • saay7

            😂😂😂😂 SGJ:

            ኣነስ ‘ዚ ድዩ ኢደይ? (ኣሕ!)

            Repeat 3 times 🙂


          • Saleh Johar

            I like keep it. Don’t ever, ever let it go.

          • Tewo Tesfayi



          • Tewo Tesfayi

            you have a horn on your eyes towards Tigrinya?

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Kbromay,

            For some reason, I love your jokes. You always make me smile. If I read them in the morning, you make it my day. Now your story about Nikita Khrushchev reminds me what once upon a time a Yugoslavian chief chemist had said to me. The old Soviet’s and Eastern European countries use the “precious metals” for metaphorical talks. The story was in 1971. A group of 35 new graduates in industrial chemistry took a screening exam for two opening in the ministry of mining in Addis. I went to check the result. The chief Chemist asked my name. When I told him, he said to me referring to the personnel office, last year I chose the gold gold but they took the silver silver. Since I was one of the two top of the four he recommended to the personnel office, he told me to go and fight for the position. So in short gold sinks and Zinc floats reminded me my boss the chief chemist. Thank you for the laugh.


          • Kbrom


            interesting story, ከመይ ዝኣመሰሉ ብሉጻት ሰብ ኣእምሮ ፋሕ ኣቢሉኩም ከም ደቂ ዛግራ እዚ በጋሚንዶ!

            I also remember your story about your encounter with Niguse Negest.

          • saay7


            Apropos nothing: radio Erena was reporting that Grace Mugabe was being investigated for illegal ivory trading and when they switched to give their audience background on her, the newscaster (Biniam) said “ግሬስ : ኣብ ኢሮፖን ኣቡደቢን እንዳዞረት ኣሽሓት ዶላር ኣብ መጋየፂ ትሕሽሽ ኣላ” ኢላ ትኽሰስ ከምዝነበረት ኣይርሳዕን…. I think I laughed for 10 minutes straight.


          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Saay,

            “መጋየፂ ትሕሽሽ ኣላ“ ካብ ምባል “ትጋየጽን ትሕሽሽን ኣላ“ ምባልዶ አይምሓሸን::


          • saay7

            Hi Emma:

            Maybe but then it wouldn’t be funny. Like this one:

            An old one-eyed man is rounded up in one of PFDJs roundup. He demands exemption and they ask him why should they? He says, “well, as you can see I lost one eye in a war.” They tell him he needs only one eye to aim and shoot because “ካልኣይ ዓይኒ መጋየፂ’ዪ”


          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Hi Saay,

            This one is a good one. መቸም ሳልሕ ንኹለ ኢኻ ተርክበሉ:: ዘገርም’ዩ ናትካ ነገር::

          • Kbrom


            Really funny and meaningful

            The other one is what happened when the ገፈፍቲ ( you know we do not have ገፈፍቲ ዓሳ so I am assuming you will know who I am talking about). They knocked a door of one house hold in the middle of a dead night. The husband was sleeping with his wife having the natural and in the middle of his work without opening the door he replied loud ኩሎም ደቅና ወሲድኩሞም ኢኹም ሕጂ ድማ ካልእ ንሰርሓልኩም ኣሎና ክርም ኢልኩም ተመለሱ

          • saay7


            Because of our fat loving diet, ላህመት has (unlike “superficial”) positive not negative connotation. So until you hear from Emma, Semere T and Kbrom, I vote no on your proposal without giving an alternative 🙂


          • iSem

            Hi Sal:
            indeed but ላህመት connoted superficial. I am not sure about Emma, he will Grace us with an Amma translation like ahgurawi:-)
            Every time awatista Thomas addresses Emma H as Amma, I laugh, but the first time I thought he is calling him Amma as in Amma the slaughter:-)

          • saay7


            I will call you troublemaker of course. In normal discourse, ላህመት is “best of”, the opposite of superficial, no?

            Memhr dot org says the word is ግዳማዊ btw whereas geezexperience says it is ጥማዓዊ 🙂


          • iSem

            You are thinking literal, cream of the cream:-) when you lift ላህመት, it is not deep, the body of the milk is exposed, like when cosmetic is removed reveals the real color and texture of the skin. ጥማዓዊ means paltry/meager, it can be deep but small
            I want to have Tig deep/complex, remember sanction means.
            Your contrib to his debate is invaluable 🙂

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Sem,

            I really miss Thomas. He is a straight shooter. Your explanation about “ላህመት” and “ጥማዓዊ” you are right. More than in milk, l like its usage in politics. Like “ላህመታዊ ፍርዲ” “ላህመታዊ ክትዕ”


      • Beyan

        Selam Haile S. & Kbrom,

        Good one, Haile S. I don’t think I can top that here is what I had in mind, minus the colorful language that he would use, which wouldn’t be of the caliber of this forum. Here is the clean version: ብዛዕባ ሰላም ዝርርብ ክካይድ እንተደኣ ኢትዮጵያ ደልያ፡ ቅድም ቀዳድም ነዞም ኩሎም xxxx (expletive) ተቓውሞ ኸተረክበና’ለዋ!!!

        • Kbrom


          May be you can add his favourite word interference ምትእትታው እየ ዝብሎ ኣነ he uses ኢየ ዝብሎ ኣነ even for any mundane word s if it is his creation.

    • Berhe Y

      Selam Kbrom,

      Just getting around now to reply.

      You may have an unfair advantage over the rest of us. We will be just guesing but you seem to have an insider who provide you with accurate information.

      You told us PMHD will resign before it happened. And you told us, PMAA will be crowned weeks before it happened.

      Based on your accurate prediction of the past what you wrote below is really worrying, the very last point.

      If Emperor Haile Sellase was the first Ethiopian leader to be killed by his succesor
      If Mengstu Hailemariam was the first Ethiopian leader to run away from his country
      If Meles Zenawi was the first Ethiopian leader to die while incumbent
      if HaileMariam Desalegn was the first Ethiopian leader to resign
      God forbid PMAA could be the first leader with so many gruesome probabilities. I do not see a single optimism for PMAA in the current state of play .


      • Kbrom

        Kbur Berhe hawey

        I always enjoy your insightful analysis and constructive engagement.
        i will get back to you once I get chance to elucidate what I mean by that.

      • Kim Hanna

        Selam Berhe Y,
        Ha ha you might be right. However, it could be, to accommodate everybody’s whim… PMAA could be the first Ethiopian leader to lose a fair election and pass the power in parliamentary ceremony. Bad for him but great for us. NO?
        Mr. K.H

        • Berhe Y

          Dear K.H.

          If he loses election and hand over power, yes there is no problem with that.

          What I was worried about is “gruesome pribability”, which I thought could mean other ugly event as suppose to peaceful transfer of power.


  • kazanchis

    Hello Alex,
    You accused me of parroting EPRDF’s narrative, while you are appearing to sound like a mouthpiece of Isayas. In all seriousness, Isayas can’t let go the animosity against Ethiopia whoever reign in Arat kilo, almost certainly Isayas abhorrence is guaranteed. His house is built in hatred, not principles and harmonious coexistence. Therefore, the stalemate we’ve had for the last two decades is something he made a meal out of.

    • Patriot

      Selam kazanchis. There is actually no stalemate for Ethiopia still clearly has a move that it can make: Withdrawal from Badme. Isaias’s sins on the homefront are a separate matter.

  • blink

    Dear Beyan
    what happens if PFDJ and EPRDF solved their border differences and follow the court rule ? I am just courise how you are trying to bring PFDJ and the opposition at one table about a border issues ? will you say no to the new PMA if he in fact got this 17 years border problem done with PFDJ ? what can the opposition lose ? just a simple clarification would be enough because the cause we oppose Issias is not badme or any border , it is internal issues that is more important , i guess . Badme issue must be adapted by the opposition and deman Ethiopia to respect the court unless there is no way you can make a solid arguemnet about it by saying we care about the people and so so

    • Beyan

      Selam blink,

      That’s precisely what I attempted to point out, Ethiopia has a leverage that she can use to influence Eritrean regime’s actions. In his speech, PM Abiy singled out Eritrea not just because there is a stalemate related to border issue, but also Eritrean refugees that Ethiopia is hosting even if he didn’t mention what the nature of the olive branch that he tried to extend toward Eritrean regime. Not to mention the important component of Eritrea and Ethiopia’s common heritage that extends for centuries. These and many other reasons are as that PM Abiy sees the urgency of finding peaceful solution between Ethiopia and Eritrea. It is in that context that I see the importance of SGJ’s piece in his injection of the role of the opposition lot as part and parcel of the comprehensive resolution.

      Some might see it as a height of arrogance, begging, desperation on Eritreans’ part to tell Ethiopia what to do. But, Ethiopia has moral, historical, and regional obligations to see to it that these neighboring countries find amicable solutions not only on border matters but on their bilateral economic, political, social frontier. In my estimate, the border stalemate is one of our major problem, I wouldn’t want to underestimate that, but equally importantly, one shouldn’t lose sight of Eritrea that doesn’t give a whit of its young fleeing in droves, that’s what needs to change. The change can be a healthy one if it is handled comprehensively.

      The internal transformation that needs to happen within Eritrea is not contingent on what’s taking place in the no-war-no-peace phase we’ve been in since 2000. This is sustainable for Ethiopia, it can absorb it because it is 19 times larger than Eritrea, population-wise. Ethiopia can rotate it soldiers around the border frequently so the soldiers don’t get burned out, while ours cannot. Imagine those who were deployed in the border in 2000; suppose they were in their early 20s. Today, if they haven’t fled, they would be in their early 40s staring at the barren land of Badme, wasting their youth away for almost two decades.

      Therefore, it is Eritrea that needs to wise-up and find creative solution to its internal cohesiveness by taking measures that would help it transform itself from the rift that’s fast brewing from within as we have since in the Akhriya uprising. Heed Ethiopia’s example, where three years of relentless demonstration from Ethiopian people finally appears to bore some impressive results to a point of bringing a son of Oromo to lead the nation. This is huge. Can you imagine ours relenting power like PM Hailemariam did and allow someone from the lowland lead the way toward change? I leave that question for us all to wallow in.

      Thank you blink, as always, to your relentless energy. I mean that in all sincerity.


      • iSem

        Hi Beyan:
        Writing comes easy to you, like Saleh Johar I am envious, but unlike him I am envious of both you and Ethiopia
        My take is this: all his begging, motive that some are saying to the piece is BS. Some times people just write because they are just writes ልምጀረድ ታዕቢር and SGJ is a writer

        Beyan, just curious, do you remember what Orwell said in an essay “why I write”?

        • Beyan

          Selam iSem,

          I am envious of several of you whose writings scream with a touch of humor. (Sal Y., iSem, Haile S., Kbrom, Berhe Y., Fanti, to name just a few of you. I just hope all of you are not one and the same; if it were, I would say, it is Sal Y, hands down. I say this for a reason, the guy wrote an entire magazine, i kid you not, in the early 90s and he called Exponential, where he was the editor, the writer, printing press, the whole bit, he fits on all of the four categories that Orwell says why people write).

          I see Saleh G. Johar like Orwell turning into a “political writer” (fourth reason for Orwell); third reason for SGJ is probably “historical impulse” (3rd reason for Orwell). But I believe SGJ would’ve been a novelist with a touch of “aesthetics” (which was one of the four, not number one, but one of the “egoism” being even not a choice for Eritreans at all. As Amanuel Hidrat would say, he came to writing because he was forced to do so – i.e., the circumstance of being Eritrean and an activist, I suppose, was one major reason he turned to writing.

          I think it’s okay to plagiarize dead white people, don’t you, given havoc they caused and so much misery in the history of the world. We still quote them when we can and plagiarize their work when we have not time to give them proper citations. At any rate, I am not necessarily speaking of Orwell nor of many of them, but in general, that’s all. Herein follows, whence I plagiarized the above note of mine or, shall I say, whoever wrote the note below:


          Orwell lists “four great motives for writing” which he feels exist in every writer. He explains that all are present, but in different proportions, and also that these proportions vary from time to time. They are as follows;

          Sheer egoism- Orwell argues that a writer writes from a “desire to seem clever, to be talked about, to be remembered after death, to get your own back on grown-ups who snubbed you in childhood, etc.” He says that this is a motive the writer shares with scientists, artists, lawyers – “the whole top crust of humanity” – and that the great mass of humanity, not acutely selfish, after the age of about thirty abandons individual ambition. A minority remains however, determined ‘to live their own lives to the end, and writers belong in this class.’ Serious writers are vainer than journalists, though “less interested in money”.

          Aesthetic enthusiasm- Orwell explains that the present in writing is the desire to make one’s writing look and sound good, having “pleasure in the impact of one sound on another, in the firmness of good prose or the rhythm of a good story.” He says that this motive is “very feeble in a lot of writers” but still present in all works of writing.

          Historical impulse- He sums this up stating this motive is the “desire to see things as they are, to find out true facts and store them up for the use of posterity.”

          Political purpose- Orwell writes that “no book is genuinely free from political bias”, and further explains that this motive is used very commonly in all forms of writing in the broadest sense, citing a “desire to push the world in a certain direction” in every person. He concludes by saying that “the opinion that art should have nothing to do with politics is itself a political attitude.”

          In the essay, Orwell charts his own development towards a political writer. He cites the Spanish Civil War as the defining event that shaped the political slant of his writing:

          “ The Spanish war and other events in 1936-37 turned the scale and thereafter I knew where I stood. Every line of serious work that I have written since 1936 has been written, directly or indirectly, against totalitarianism and for democratic socialism, as I understand it. ”

          Orwell, who is considered to be a very political writer, says that by nature, he is “a person in whom the first three motives would outweigh the fourth”, and that he “might have remained almost unaware of [his] political loyalties”, – but that he had been “forced into becoming a sort of pamphleteer” because his era was not a peaceful one. In the decade since 1936-37 his desire had been to “make political writing into an art”. He concludes the essay explaining that “it is invariably where I lacked a political purpose that I wrote lifeless books and was betrayed into purple passages, sentences without meaning, decorative adjectives and humbug generally.”

          red to be a very political writer, says that by nature, he is “a person in whom the first three motives would outweigh the fourth”, and that he “might have remained almost unaware of [his] political loyalties”, – but that he had been “forced into becoming a sort of pamphleteer” because his era was not a peaceful one. In the decade since 1936-37 his desire had been to “make political writing into an art”. He concludes the essay explaining that “it is invariably where I lacked a political purpose that I wrote lifeless books and was betrayed into purple passages, sentences without meaning, decorative adjectives and humbug generally.”

          • saay7

            Anta Beyan:

            You flatter me too much. First of all, except for the first issue, I did have contributors (shy ones because they didn’t want their name next to a magazine that was asking in 1995 if Isaias was going to be dictator for life. This is why it’s so funny when people accuse me of being pro-Isaias until the Badme fiasco). Second, you know what writing, editing, publishing meant in the 1990s: you type stuff on your rusty computer or IBM selectric and then go to kinkos. Thirdly, I was going to digitize them but the cringe-worthiness of it is so high that I am protecting the world from it. You are welcome 🙂


          • Beyan

            Ahlan Sal,

            I know modesty is in our DNA, we Eritreans that is. But, I completely see what you mean though for some individuals contributing behind the scene. I almost forgot about the Kinko phenom that started right around the time, where it was popping up at every corner, almost like 7/11 or in today’s parlance, like Starbucks. Okay, will give you a slack to be modest about your talents when it comes to the written word. I think you should preserve it and not for vanity but for the creative mind that went to it. The cover page was catchy I recall. And one of the imaginary interview done with Oliver Stone…see who would think of these things at the time. People were too inebriated with Eritrea’s independence.


          • Kbrom


            You are so humble, what about your refined writing skills and analytical rich (in all terms) essays.

          • Beyan

            Kbur Kbrom,

            Mine come out of desperation to survive so I won’t drown for lack of finding a way of expressing myself in one language. It is a long story, a story that can be written in yet another essay. Why I write. Wait, honest to goodness, it just now dawned on me, I didn’t remember this when iSem raised it earlier. I did write something about why we write. Let me see if I can locate it through google. While Sal Y., by the way, could dance in the language, could swim and float, I had to home in those skills. You see Kbrom, you only need to write one line, and I am like a loose cannon and I give you pages upon pages of it. Hope you have time to read.

            Here is the link to the article. I just briefly went through it and scanned the responses. There is a name, Papillon, one who could express herself in this beautiful language. Another was the tenacious Haile TG. May both be well wherever they are. If nobody else’s read Papillons, Kbrom you will be mesmerized with the the beauty of the way she strings the words. Haile TG (it stands for The Great, I think Sal Y. was who baptized him with that accolade, rightly so). So, here it goes. It is worth keeping these two captions in mind, which I will share here in case the AT decides it is not time to share links yet, self referential, something from awate to awate readers might just make it, if it doesn’t at least get these two captions:

            “We write to tell the truth. We write to know who we are. We write to find our voices. We write to save the world. We write to save ourselves. We write so that when we look back and see that moment when we were totally clear, completely brilliant, and astoundingly wise, there is proof – proof right there on the goddamn page.” (Nancy S. Aronie, “Writing from the Heart”). The second one is I try to stay true to T.S. Eliot’s insightful precept: “Whatever you think, be sure it is what you think; whatever you want, be sure that is what you want; whatever you feel, be sure that is what you feel.” My truth as I conceive of it is what leads me to write; it is never about scoring politically; never about one-upmanship; it is always, I hope it shall always remain, an endeavor of sincere expression no matter in what language (there comes that dance of language again, suppress it dear self; self-restraint and discipline are the hallmark of the art of writing, are they not?)


          • Kbrom

            Dear Beyanom

            I read the article it is a flawless, smooth like ሃሪ. Yes I have heard about HTG and his great contribution. Hope he and Papillon (that I did not have had the honour to interact with) will come back in the future – إن مع اليوم غدا يا مسعدة

    • kogne

      Hi blink the question is not for me its for beyan, But your question is what the opposition lose if Ethiopia and PFDJ settle the border issue, When you see most Eritrean opposition groups came after the ethio Eritrea border war? starts, the Eritrean opposition group depends 100% on Ethiopia to defeat PFDJ and put them in GIBI , if this two countries solve their issue ,the opposition is dead completely, because they don’t have any ground in Eritrean soil and and with Eritrean people

      • iSem

        wishful thinking. You are assuming the the opposition to PFDJ is only those outside the country. EvenWhen and if the border issue is solved, PFDJ under its maifa leader will keep repressing the people as it does,so, it will actually intensify its grip and the people will oppose it, will keep fleeing the country to escape its slavery, the kidnapped grade 11 kids will oppose the repression. The vicitims are the opposition and PFDJ will not stop victimizing Eritreans, how can they, to expect that is to expect a fish to abandon water and live in the mountains. Even if my miracle PFDJ stops its crimes, they are already have crimes under their belt, so either they would ask for forgiveness or pay for it and both are the same to them, both are punishment.

        • Kogne

          hi .isem I think Pfdj as you said repressing youth ,now that’s why youth fleeing to Ethiopia ,Sudan etc ,but even they(opposition) can’t convince those youth some of them from Eritrean army to join them and fight pfdj, almost every one fleeing Eritrea goes to Sudan or Ethiopia goes there to go to Canada America or to cross to Europe, just use Sudan or Ethiopia as a launching pad to go to a third country, that’s why I said we don’t have an organized well disciplined opposition, can take advantage of that situation ,every one is using opposition the name to get some money or just to make a living, but I am not saying every thing is fine in Eritrea ,if I said every thing is fine in Eritrea I have to be deaf and blind ,thanks ISEM

      • Saleh Johar

        Hi Kigne,
        The time of the border war is not when the Eritrean opposition came, thatis the time when most (I am not sure about you) woke up to reality. Opposition to the PFDJ started long before the PFDJ was born—that’s because PFDJ is an attitude, a state of mind.

        • kogne

          ሃሎ ሳልህ፡i am not new to eritrean struggle, i am not warsay ,i now the opposition started before ህዝባዊ ሓይልታት ምፍጣሩ, i was in ELF during the last war between ELF &EPLF from the start to finish until korokon Tahday ,i just gave up from those opposition group outside eritrea, my belief is change comes in eritrea by eritreans not from ethiopia or europe usa etc

  • Saleh Johar

    Hi Hope,

    We are getting there, towards civilized debate. I am happy, but hold on there. Here is my reply:

    I didn’t appeal, at least not in the way you make it sound, I expressed my views… which by the way I have been doing before you joined us in this Forum. As for begging, I will leave that to your imagination since it is your own percetion with no evidence to support it.
    A. No
    B. No, just expressing my views on what kind of PEACE I wish for.

    Your addendum:
    I am not obsessed with Ethiopian politics as you are unless it concerns Eritrea. Now you seem to have switched from Weyane Bashing to a new Abiy Bashing… I am not interested, will not play the game.

    I am always trying to contribute to the strengthening the opposition–but that cannot be done without fully divorcing the PFDJ–and I cannot say more because I will be repeating myself for the thousandth time. If you are interested to know, browse Negarit when you have the time. You don’t seem to have read my views as you always remind me…

    The Haman/Feroun saying has nothing to do with Arabic, maybe with literature, history–, it’s there in many languages, in many forms. I doubt you know it, and if you (or anyone else) are humble enough and ask, I might explain it to you 🙂

    On the last part, you can’t help but revert t your trademark style, “defensive and /or to be Paranoid”? Hope, of all the creatures on earth, I will not be paranoid of defensive in dealing with you. Hope, you are such a smart and wise person that I will just learn from you, provided I do not become Hope2.

    Anyone is entitled to his opinion, not to his approach… you always have to be respectful because if you are nasty, others also have that ability. Speaking for myself, I know all the nasty comments and I am able to reply in kind, but I detest if and that is the only time I am defensive, and I say, Please do not take me to the cesspool.


  • AMAN

    Dear Awtaes
    Thank you Awates for letting me and may be others too
    know about the present and current status and situation
    of our country by being a mirror and reflecting back my
    work through exploratory and investigative journalistic
    I know that , had it been DIRECT personal / interpersonal
    dialogue and communication as in the case of most western
    countries with well established and advanced institutions have
    for the protection and advancement democratic rights of their
    peoples surely the result and understanding would have been
    faster and journey shorter and less time wasted.
    But , unfortunately we have taken the longer journey. Still good
    except for the extra time and energy wasted on it.
    Better Late Than never !
    Now we fully know and are more informed where we as people
    and our country are in time and historical journey.
    from Eritrean diaspora

  • Natom Habom

    selam johar
    it sound begging than envy ,many have died do you think ethiopian will forget all the lost ,
    the good think is tplf is dead and even if you wanted ethiopia can not and will not dare do anything against eritrea for the opposition that wish our land to be invaded and get a seat ,a dream.
    Eritrea checked the ground under tplf , they know who they are dealing with
    pfdj illegitime ? really and who will be the legitime one ?
    those who live abroad and get fund from the west , do you think eplf after independence it over it must go ? do you think eplf have no vision after independence
    the first of it policy is to bring internal peace to the people.this is why opposition have no role in eritrea ,i can imagine the division among our people by faith and religion if opposition is free in eritrea ,all marthyrs gave their lives for the dismantlement of eritrea ?? its insane
    we can see south sudan i wish the followed eritrea paths ,but anfortunatly tplf was their god father we see the result
    so internal peace is more inportant than all tresors of the world my friend
    let the real politician take care of eritrea ,the horn of africa is in turmoil ,fundamentalism is rising ethiopia futur incertain pfdj only can lead in this challenging time cheers

  • said

    Kind greetings,
    Dear the Honorable Dr. Abiy Ahmed Prime Minister of Ethiopia.
    Ethiopia’s ruling coalition has elected you as their prime minister and as hopeful reformer. And as chairman of the Oromo People’s Democratic Organisation, one of the front’s four member parties ,the expectation to delver goods is very high .the task in front of you is massive and expectations are huge, and it will be very hard to deliver on short period and demand and Ethiopian expectations will not be easy to deliver in improving the economy and life standers .with grip of the institutional constraints that still exist and dominated by deep state and must loosing their power and continue with meaningful, real change and expect deep state would to push back against any real reform.
    Dr. Abiy Ahmed, you offer the best chance for the kind of change that people are calling for. Ethiopian youth protesters’ demands for greater democracy and an end to the front’s autocratic grip. Time have changed. The protests that began in 2015 in Oromia felt they felt truly marginalized and rightly so ,and spread to much of the country. The Oromo account for about a third of Ethiopia’s near100m population and have been central to the protests and their central demand is justified after long 27 years of domination by the Tigrayan ethnic group — which accounts only for 6 per cent of the population, can not go on for long doing business like before. It have to change. For sake of the greater goods and the country .
    Fast-forward Ethiopian want to see real change in the ground and across Ethiopian province, not just in the capital city of Addis. Ethiopia open policy in welcoming foreign investors and capital did miracle and for most of the last decade one of Africa’s fastest growing economies as it enjoyed close to double-digit annual growth. prier to your election some investors have put projects on hold and the supply of foreign exchange has become scarce. This need to be changed immediately.
    you may be surprised to read about my opinion as above ,any narrow ethnic dominance by any group will represents an overriding moral issue of a political Doctrine finding practical expression is dead on arrival no more Hogmanay, uprooting; disenfranchisement and dominance of marginalized people, every ethnic group are indigenous Ethiopian. It would be totally out of context to equate anti Tigrayan ethnic group on moral grounds, with all the justifiable criticism as attached to it, with anti Tigrayan ethnic that is unreservedly condemnable.
    I am totally certain, Honorable Dr. Abiy Ahmed that none of us differ in subscribing to the Universal Values of equity, justice and human rights as Indivisible Universal Causes applicable to all the human race irrespective of race, color, ethnicity, religion or creed. As that would be the case, Honorable Dr. Abiy Ahmed , some of Ethiopian policies finding living examples in the recent past or the current systematic policies of Ethiopian “soft Apartheid;” .Ethnic group feel marginalized and in some case their land taking away from them with out real and sufficient Monterey compensation, paving the way for massive scale agriculture by foreign entity , they feel being Cleansing from their land ; like village and small town Demolitions; take their land and occupied ,expropriation of their lands and the Construction of illegal expansion, be it on Oromo land or other group ,need to stop ,any kind of expropriation or resettlements ,is illegal and in defiance of the Geneva Conventions; the UN Resolutions and the International Law, are unequivocally interpreted as acts of immorality and injustice, perpetration the sufferings, dispossessing and deprivations of other innocent humans.

    One greatly hopes, the Honorable Dr. Abiy Ahmed, that given your highly commanding Moral position as both the previous minster of since and technology and an influential voice in Ethiopia and that while rightly pointing out to the dangers of rising anti-government as unreservedly condemnable phenomenon; equally, Your Honor, make sure to avoiding equating legitimate criticism of your Government Policies with anti- Government as the latter is a high moral issue requiring that we all humans engage in fighting and rally as one person in its vigorous condemnation.
    We shall all, The Honorable Dr. Abiy Ahmed, work for peace and harmonious coexistence in a just and a truly in representative Ethiopian society of equal rights among all Ethiopian, Muslims and Christians. As in the long-coined modicum of the late Jewish French Philosopher Maxim Rodinson, “Lazy Conscience Creates Monsters;” that we all ought to endeavor creating the conditions to fostering a durable and lasting just peace for all.

    Very respectfully,

  • g. michael Tzerai

    Selamat Saleh,

    The letter feels like it reflects most of our wishes in most of us in the opposition for the new leader in Ethiopia. Thank you for the initiative. But you also indicate of another initiative you took in the form of a task force and approached the Ethiopian government on policy matters and expressed that it lead to no outcome. Would you not agree that such a task force would have a better chance for attention by the Ethiopians if it represents Eritreans broadly? The Ethiopians would respond to a task force that represents a credible constituency of Eritreans in diaspora.

  • Kaddis

    Selam Gash Saleh –

    Always humbling to read your views on Ethiopia. Maybe apart from Addis Fortune editorials ( Ethiopian weekly ) – there are no comparable reads even by Ethiopians than you.
    I think what the opposition of both countries ( in fact it’s global ) need to notice is – formal political structures, including opposition parties, are becoming obsolete. In Europe – people affiliated with party (membership) have been declining – the highest is 17 % and lowest less than 1% – in 2013. LSE data.
    You know what happens in the US and UK. Party positions does not influence the electorate. But the online noise.
    There is also a decline in working to throw government thru geo-political influence ( be it using military power or diplomacy ) in Sub Saharan Africa. African governments either are becoming versatile in restructuring themselves or the desire to overthrow them declined by the powerful.
    Burundi, CAR, DRC, South and Northern Sudan – survived while the opposition thought they were melting. The same looks in Ethiopia ( at least from the opposition point of view; not mine)
    So there is a need to change the approach. Gathering able people in one framework or series of meetings without working on the constituency may not be working. The ideology and the constituency should come first – then the leaders.
    Taking the fight online and charging it with ideologies might help to create a support base.
    Just a thought.
    I am just fearful of the silence and deliberate ignorance of not analysing the political movement/ violence which happened in Ethiopia the last three years. Just like the muted post-2005 electoral violence.
    We hope to be enlightened by our wise neighbours 🙂

    • Ismail AA

      Selam Kaddis,

      The thoughts you have suggested are worthy of rumination. Times have indeed changed due to electronic media outlets which rendered the old way of doing politics obsolete. Those who do not want to change are going to be the losers. Aspiring politicians in our region, too, will to do the right thing and catch up or abandon the business.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Kaddis,

      You observations are right on target. Yes the formal political structures are becoming to be obsolete with in a decade from now, with the emergence of internet and social media’s. And yes the oppositions have to make some kind of transitions to cope with the new realities, if they are going to be a formidable oppositions.


    • Amde

      Selam Kaddis,

      Are you fearful of
      a) opposition silence,
      b) regime silence,
      c) academics silence, or
      d) peoples’ silence.

      As far as I can tell, we have a problem of listening. Not a problem of speaking. There is no silence.

      ጆሮ ላለው ጩሀቱ ያደነቁራል።


      • Kaddis

        Gash Amde,

        The best would have been a credible independent think tank or media. The government closed that option. However, with the current arrangement, the opposition is best placed to make an honest assessment. Because they have gained nothing. They have nothing to lose. The reason they are not openly speaking could be waiting the current internal transition to go wrong. Hoping TPLF undermined, splits and EPRDF weakened. Free riders. My problem is in the process of waiting, inciting and fanning split among the ruling party, the country could be ungovernable,
        The nationalist movement was hardly to deepen democracy. As explicitly stated, it was an attempt to make the country ungovernable. The fact that EPRDF managed to stage a convincing transition won’t solve the risk. that’s why the ruling party is doing internal purge Turkey style.

  • Patriot

    Selam All. Just listened to the song that won Italy’s Sanremo 2018 music competition. It is called ‘Non mi avete fatto niente’ (You didn’t do anything to me) and is written and performed by an Albanian and an Italian. The song’s words are touching as is the basis for the song. .

  • kazanchis

    Selam everyone!

    Very good message SJ, i hope your points will be taken by the new adminstration. I’m super excited about our new PM. I was really worried about the fate of Ethiopia, since EPRDF have been repetitively churn out “metades” meaning sort of reemergence as new force. I had doubts that the stubbornness would take the better out of them, but they delivered hope in Abiy Ahmed.
    I hope he would change our justice system, electoral commission and so on. He seem to be a breath of fresh air like Obama was in 2008. I fear his challenges are massive and he probably couldn’t see them off all at once. But if he kick start the journey of reformation and keep the investment flow. He’ll be a success story for every Ethiopian to look up to.
    About Eritrea, I’ve reservation as to how he would succeed, but in the contrary I guess it could be one of his biggest challenge. If Isayas turn down the chance of negotiations and normalization which he likely would. How could Abiy get him around the table? By putting pressure on Saudi and UAE to mediate or use another form of pressure or whatever. It is going to be interesting to see in the coming months or years.


  • blink

    Dear SG
    This is one of your best take in to the Eritrean opposition in Ethiopia and about Ethiopia in general , one thing sir , the Ethiopian meddling in Eritreans opposition will never ever give any meaningful positive results , it will never ever happen unless they stop the favoritism thing.

    • Saleh Johar

      Hi Blink,

      You wrote, ” how dare you insult the Eritrean opposition in Ethiopia ?”

      Are you sure I insulted the opposition? I didn’t and I challenge you to prove it. One you do or correct yourself, we can go into your other points.

      • blink

        Dear SG
        I just see your take on them and I understood as if you are saying ”the result they got was a failure” and most people who has been in Ethiopia tailed by TPLF retired or non retired generals will take that as an insult .

        • Saleh Johar

          I do not understand since when is an analysis considered an insult! Read what is written, what you read between the lines, when there are no lines, is immaterial 🙂

          Also, please remember what I suggested to you a few days ago: it is how you say it, not what you say. By the way, didn’t you notice I owned the failure? I never refer to the Eritrean opposition in the third-person. That is the difference

  • Teodros Alem

    Selam Saleh J
    Ur outlook of the current ethiopia’s poltics is excellent and it shows that ur integrity and ability to affect our region .

  • Ismail AA

    Selam all,
    From the current Eritrean perspective, this post angers the few, but represents the many. and with free and fair balloting the swing vote of the constituency of the silent group, the latter would get healthy landslide win. Thanks SJ.

  • said

    Thank you SJ,
    Sharing a message about being authenticity leader. With authenticity comes TRUE empowerment. My hope Dr. Abiy Ahmed you will be an authentic leader like Nilsson Mandela of south Africa.
    I’m going to keep this brief because. This one might sound preaching and it is not about row politics and reality, we all have flaws, not everyone is fully enlightened , but it may be the most important thing I can share right now from my humble point of view . I do not know anything about Dr. Abiy Ahmed the new the Prime Minister of Ethiopia other than what I read in western media and mostly positive.
    If any one who knows about Abiy ’s past achievement and work, you may know a lot of his message and his humanistic and liberal view are clear to me so far and hopefully he will be fantastic leader, he will be very empowering to all Ethiopian and can help create effective shifts in mind and consciousness of your society to look for bright future of Ethiopian . This is key. But there is one thing I feel many of us struggle with at times: we don’t implement and stick to much of what we preach and learned. Today, it seems it’s common to brush teachings off, I know you know way too much and much more achieved already, while we speak poorly of people in our lives. For me personally, a big eye opener in Ethiopian politician, how many seem to only have one foot in and one foot out when it comes to truly living what they believe genuinely and applied this stuff to it true meaning. I’m not referring to ‘who’s more conscious than the other’ or ‘it’s a rush to be politically enlightened’ or anything. I’m simply stating why are they not acting on what they know, doing the right thing for all Ethiopian ?
    I hope Abiy make it a practice to live your message as authentically as you are aware of because deep down you know that more than simply saying it, DOING IT is what will create real and lasting change in Ethiopia and it is about authenticity of his message. Ethiopian would like to continue to hear the truths of what’s really going on with their new governments, but it would intensify and in many ways and this coming year seems to be about moving from just politics ,but to relate to the people and governments belong to the people serving their need etc, but it would intensify and in many ways this coming year and it will seems to be about moving from politics but to relate the aspiration and hope and to the heart of all Ethiopian people … which is where authenticity comes.
    I hope Abiy as a man of integrity and compassionate, This is where you ’re really going to see how much you are committed to living your truth. The rational mind and head to the loving heart… which is where true authenticity comes to play. This is where Ethiopian will really going to see you how much you are committed to living your truth and you were choosing for to lead for the aspiration and hope and Ethiopian will soon know more about you.
    It’s about knowing yourself deeply, chose your fact carefully and having the ability to act even when others challenge you or try to push you off course. It’s about acting from deep knowledge and peace and a knowing within yourself, you are doing the right thing for average Ethiopian, not simply saying oh god ‘meh,you’re not going to stop me,’ as if you’re trying to prove something as opposed to doing it from a deep knowing for benefiter of Ethiopian and . Ethiopian willing to follow suit.
    Abiy Again, I am no body to give you any advice. I know this can be a tricky point to talk about, but to truly be living from your hearts you must be willing to look at how you function as individual human being . you have been through it a lot, you’ve had to ask yourself throughout your political journey why you think the way you do, act the way you do, make great decisions etc and this brought great achievement so far and good luck for the coming real achievement and you become the prime minster of Ethiopia. Through this reflection you can learn a lot about the difference between acting from the mind and ego vs acting from the heart. The heart requires no set of belief systems as it already knows. When you act from belief systems, you act from the rational mind. The moment something doesn’t fit into the belief system, you will begin to get confused and don’t know what to do. learn to explore truths within yourself first.
    The obvious message Dr. Abiy Ahmed is that it’s not about who someone is and what is your political policy and true message is and how perfect all the details are, it’s about are you going authentically living it and thus creating an ACTUAL heart-based humanistic new Ethiopia world? This is left to Ethiopian and for you to decide and for Ethiopia to live in peace and prosperity.
    Dr. Abiy Ahmed, you are the man of the hour and your leadership is truly needed to create peace in our regains and create new equitable and equal citizenship and new page of civilization and to aim high based on neighbourly peace and justices with horn African countries, yet. your internal and external political solutions cannot make up for not living your knowing message authentically living it within yourselves first.

  • Hope

    Dear Author:
    A well crafted Article and Letter.
    A clarification question:
    Please be so kind to clarify as to what your EXACT motivation is when you appealed to PMMAA in ref to thevEritrean Opposition!
    A)Are asking for help to fight the PFDJ?
    B)To resolve the Ethio-Eritrean Impasse thereby to improve the Peaceful Coexistence of both Nations and Peoples?
    C)Which should come First ?
    A)Resucitating the failed and vegetative Opposition to reignite another war against Eritrea in the name of fighting the PFDJ?
    B)Make a compromise for the bigger picture to make peace between the two peoples and Nations and thereby secondarily rejuvenate the Opposition ?
    Please advise!

    • Saleh Johar

      Dea Hope,
      I would like to answer if you would pose the questions and keep your opinion to yourself. I mean if your questions are honest and you expect honest answers. Also, you should be able to differentiate between questions and oppinions. I own my opinions, and I suggest you do the same. But you cannot pull the wool over the eyes of this old dog–passing your pre-conceived views as questions.

      “Ala Haaman Ya Feroun !”is what I said to myself after reading your comments camouflaged as questions. Sorry, I will not explain the quote expect to tell you Shitarakha Dewir 🙂 Look it up if you wish.

  • kogne

    Hi salih, it seems like you are afraid the new prime minister from solving the two neighbouring countries problem,it looks like you afraid the peace between those two neighbouring countries, and still you are begging the new prime minister to help those useless un organized greedy woyane hand leackers self called Eritrean opposition groups,it looks like the time is up no more melles no more SANAA form no money ,that’s why the self called Eritrean opposition group on disarray, they work only for money,i don’t think even for you no more back and fourth to ADDIS, by the way do you have any chance you interviewing the new prime minister like you did to MELLES,i don’t think its going the same after meles and woyane for you and your likes woyane hand leackers

    • Saleh Johar

      Selam Kogne<

      You said, "the self called Eritrean opposition group". How funny. Now , please answer the following question, if you will.

      1. What do you call the Eritrean opposition?
      2. Self-called, did the patriarch christen you "Kogne"?
      Bonus question: would it be correct to state you are the self-called Kogne?

      Finally, did you write the comment on your own or a certain "signal person", dictated it to you?

      Okay, my dear, don't comment on this before checking it with your local Yohannes, you know, the signal person.

      Oh, God, what have Eritreans done to deserve so many clones of that block among them?

      • kogne

        hi salih, I cant call them Eritrean opposition ,because there is no real Eritrean opposition, every body is working for living, every body is working for money. every body want to be a leader,its a business, like opening a small kiosk on a corner, just look there was one EPDP(asmerom) now there comes another EPDP(tesfamikael, mesfin hagos), also you are begging the new Ethiopian prime minister to do the job for you ,instead depending on Eritrean people , if you want change in Eritrea if you want to weed pfdj( I don’t know how may be in your dreams ) that needs a lot work sacrifice my brother

        • Saleh Johar

          Thank you,
          But sacrifice begins by disclosing your name and getting into the fry. Thanks for the excellent lesson you offered me, but I think you need it most. If you have mature points, I am here, otherwise, please don’t clutter the space.

  • MS

    To the editor of
    Office Of The Prime Minister Of Ethiopia
    Dear Author.
    My secretary brought to my attention excerpts of your message to me. I apologize for not reading the whole message. I hope you understand the pressure my office feels trying to prioritize pressing issues. Last night after having made sure your cousins (TPLF) security guys were off my shoulder, I pondered on firing the Chief-of- staff of Ethiopian defense forces, and the security Czar. My advisers tell me I could not have a fresh beginning without securing those posts by commanders who take my orders. As you may understand it, currently, there is little I could do on my own because they are the real makers and shakers. I’m willing to give the Tigrians the post of foreign ministry so that they could duel it with their cousins. I’m pressed more with delivering on immediate issues, namely the Qeeroo crowds. I would rather spend every ounce of my energy negotiating with Jawar Mohammed than with IA. Let Dr. Debretsion and his foreign minister [our foreign minister?] deal with the border.
    But I can pass the following except: “Your Excellency, I understand that diplomatic statements must include niceties and require such rhetoric. However, if that is your chosen path, you owe it to the people of Ethiopia and Eritrea, to work for a comprehensive peace that includes all Eritreans. Sealing a deal with the PFDJ government, an illegitimate entity will only elongate the suffering of the people on both sides of the border. The PFDJ pretends it’s legitimate by totting its guns.”
    I don’t understand what you mean by comprehensive peace. I heard that from your cousin, our former PM, the late MZ but did not know what it entailed. You seem to be repeating his talk. As I understand it, my administration is not interested in solving your problems. If you feel your problem is mine, then enroll in the Qeeroo movement. Governments deal with governments and there are international rules in settling deals between governments. So, once I secure the firing of Samora Yunis and Getachew Reda, and the defusing of the Qeerro movement, I may broach the idea of respecting EEBC ruling to TPLF guys in a way they could swallow with humility. As you correctly identified, my talk was nothing of a new message but a continuation of the two previous PM. So, no change of status. Don’t expect Ethiopia to invest in a project that has not gotten off the ground despite efforts of more than two decades. You guys need to build your own Qeero movement. Invest inside the country. Let the Eritrean people decide their own future.
    Oh, yeah, I may allow you an interview once Samora and Getachew are fired. I don’t trust these guys.
    PS: I can assure you the above message has not been plagiarized. I might have inadvertently taken some lines from the late MZ, RIP. I owe that man my life.
    EHIHIHIHI….(sobs and wets a pack of Kleenex tissues)….

  • Amde

    Selam Memhir,

    Good and comprehensive piece.

    But it directly ties the Eritrea issue with THE hot button Ethiopian political issue, which is the fate of the defense and security portfolio. It might take a while.

    Good luck.


    • Saleh Johar

      Thanks Amde,
      If only you realize the hot button is burning us more than the rest. It’s has become a sentence to dwell in hell when we think we are still alive.

  • Nitricc

    Hey SJ; it is good you wish Dr. Aby good luck and success but just to remind you, even though he is elected as PM the real power is under the command post. So, as long as there is SOE, it is hard to expect anything meaning full from Dr.Aby. The greatest problem is corruption and without minimizing or eliminating it, I don’t see any real progress. it is not possible with all corrupted government officials at hand to make any change? One thing is clear, right now Ethiopia is facing hope and danger, at least there is hope.

    • Saleh Johar

      Hi Nitricc,
      The problems with your comments is that they are predictable. Here, just two examples:

      1. You tell me, “let me remind you” meaning, you are alert and I am not. What makes you feel you know about the issue more than I do? A little humility, Nitricc.

      2. You always do sure of your views, you don’t put disclaimers like “I think” or “I believe” put shoot your view as if they are the truth that you acquired from being an insider. You are not, I think 🙂

      I had a third point whic I forgot. Next time my dear.

      • Nitricc

        Hey SJ; hahahahah the 3rd is Nirticc is never wrong! seriously though; let’s assume that Dr. Aby is the right person for the job; how could he seceded surrounded by hungry hyaenas. Not that i know more than you do but i just express the truth without diplomatic maneuvers. They will make Dr. Aby’s life impossible. My friend corruption is the root of all evils.

        • Saleh Johar

          Nitricc ,
          Don’t let me give up on you 🙂
          You still claim, “l express truth”. Apologies for deflating your balloon, but remember you express your individual view, not the truth. I hope you take that to heart.

          • Nitricc

            Hey SJ; hahahaha; I never had a balloon that easily be deflated. Don’t give up yet. I will be away for some time, yours truly is on to something, something mother Eritrea will be proud of. I am telling you this because i don’t want you to think my disappearance is because of this conversation. I will see you all in a few weeks and my balloon should be better and stronger next time around. See you guys and peace!!!

          • Saleh Johar

            Wish you a nice sojourn Nitricc,
            I hope you are going to a place where ballins are illegal.

            See you soon

          • Nitricc

            Thanks SJ, this forum and every one has a lot to do as a person who i am be come and I thank you all. We might go at it in different issues but my appreciation is endless. I thank you and everyone else.
            Appreciated from the heart. Thanks you all. and see you all in a few weeks. Think the upside you got a break for the headache i have presented. Hahahahahah. I love you all and see you soon.

          • Kbrom

            Dear Saleh,

            When I read Nitricc I take him from the culture of the person he supports, aka PIA. If he see him telling what is right and wrong to UN, USA, EU, AU, all the world, if he hears him when lecturing to IMF, WHO, World Bank, Wall Street Journal, if he has never heard PIA saying we apologise, we made mistake, if he has been told for the last 27 years you have to tell not being told, advise not being advised, argue not make dialogue, simply for someone who is raised in a culture of ኢለካ ኣለኹ ኣታ ወዲ፡ ከምዚ እስከ ግበር፡ do not expect to hear the words, I think, I believe, I feel, etc. For them that is እንታይ ምስሙሽ ኢዩ ኣታ ከምዝመስለኒ ብኽብረትኩም ዝብል ከም ሰብኣይ ብትኽ ኣቢሉ እዚኣ ኢያ ወዳን ጓላን ዘይብል። What is very sad is the legacy of the dictator not the dictator himself, I believe you know it more than me what do they mean when abottana say ሕማቕ ዘበንሲ ካብታ እትገብርካ እታ እትሃድገልካ፡ is equal to ዘመነ ኢሳያስ ካብቲ ዝገብሮ ዘሎ እቲ ዝሓድጎ ዘሎ የሕምም።

            My amateurish advice: read Nitricc as መዘናግዒ!

          • Nitricc

            Hi Kbrom; i don’t know you much, you are new to us but you exhibit the usual habit of older Eritreans, crush the youth. fortunately, i am out of your reach. I escaped your brutal humiliation and I will make sure Eritrea to have a strong and dedicated youth. Your grudge with PIA, all well, cook it and eat it. But i fought in this web site were it is now. there was time awate-forum only reserved for your kinds, toxic, grudge driven with a group thinking mentality individals but today, aware-forum is open for all and i can tell you there is my contribution for it. So, don’t even try to bring me down, i have escaped. try to educate and advice like SAAY, SJ, MS and the rest of good people awate has to offer instead of being toxic. I understand you are learned man and probably one of the elites but time has its own course. Be productive, be positive, share your knowldge life is to short to be toxic and negative. As far as PIA, why cook and eat him if i care. Just give him his credit, when you were in the west getting fat, he was in Sahil doing something worth doing in once life. For me, i am always honest and not every one can be you, learned man and an elite. At least you think you are. that is bad. Sir, be humble.

          • Kbrom

            Dear Nitricc,

            ትገይሽ ኣሎኻ ሰሚዐ፥ Please if you have the time and the means, buy and read this new book on your way: The Art of Civilized Conversation: A Guide to Expressing Yourself With Style and Grace by Margaret Shepherd.

            ብሰላም ኣእትዩ ብሰላም ይምለሰካ።

          • MS

            Selam Nitrickay and Kbrom
            “I understand you are learned man and probably one of the elites but time has its own course. Be productive, be positive, share your knowldge…”
            Well said Gen.Nit. Keep being cool. You have refined your knowledge and approaches lately. On the other hand, we the grown ups have not changed. I guess we have maximized growing. You are among the few who have not changed positions despite pressures; you are always respectful to those who meet you halfway with respect. No one is here to convert but we are all here to have fierce debates. You are knowledgeable and proud of your history; you are hopeful and see meaning in what you believe; you read the developments of the region, etc. Those are ingredients of young people who could effectuate positive change. So, don’t worry.
            Kbromay, with all due respect, lead by example. The way you start treating Nitrickay does not follow that rule.

          • Kbrom

            Selam MS and Nitriccay,

            My apologies, I did not mean it.

          • Saleh Johar

            You are being harsh on Nitricc, he is invaluable, in many ways. I don’t think he mimics the “signalperson”, he has long rebelled to be his own signal-person with a few people of same feathers 🙂

            On our culture, I think it is time we addressed it with courage. We need to get off our ivory palaces elevating our culture to the level of refined philosophy. It is not, and it sucks in many aspects. I have an urge to go wild on that field 🙂

          • Natom Habom

            sela johar and Kbrom
            maybe what to be objective in your analise,like this guy her

            he teach them ,unlike meles at G15 we need more aide

          • Saleh Johar

            Hi Kibrom,
            I am hoping you understand this comment, please take it on my behalf 🙂