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Abiy Ahmed and the Return of Theocracy to Ethiopia

In modern history, Ethiopians and Eritreans went through decades of violent confrontations. In 1991, the pre-final confrontation between the two governments ended with the removal of the Derge regime, and both countries breathed a sigh of relief, believing the bloodshed, the injustice, and the disrespect of citizens would be over. And they hoped, finally, the two countries would usher an era of peaceful coexistence, an era of prosperity, and the end of bloodshed.

For ten years thereafter, the two governments lived through an exclusive and an uneasy relations. But in 1998, in a final showdown, the dishonest, mischievous and exclusive relations between them blew up in the faces of their respective citizens. Two years of bloody border confrontation later, the border between them became a replica of the tense Northern and Southern Korea 38th parallel border. Those who were supposed to be the beneficiaries of the result of the long struggle, those who paid for it, found themselves in the same spot they departed from decades earlier in their quest for freedom and justice. However, the major losers were Eritreans who were betrayed by their liberators-turned-oppressors, the PFDJ regime.

But despite the hiccups, Ethiopia steadily continued treading on an aggressive and  ambitious developmental road as Eritrea remained stuck in quick sand, on a standstill never improving on all aspects of governance, freedoms, justice, economy and social developments.

It was in such a situation that the region welcomed 2018.

In April of that year, amid an impressive fanfare, Abiy Ahmed became the prime minister of Ethiopia. He was immediately perceived as a peacemaker, a liberal and a forward looking leader with a compassionate personality. But to the dismay of many, it didn’t take him long to reveal his showy character, more interested in promoting himself like a Hollywood actor.

He was too fast to the extent of appearing as a reckless leader. He revealed that his primary goal was to dig the graves and exhume the remains of crowds who idolize Haile Selassie as well as the Derg regimes. He is still trying to breathe life into the appendages of oppression of yesteryears. Worse, for Eritreans, he shamelessly embraced their dictator with the irresponsible aim of squeezing and suffocating the TPLF from the South, leaving the pressure from the North to be exerted by his new ally Isaias Afwerki.

Abiy Ahmed launched his campaign of disrespecting the will (and predicament) of Eritreans through a Machiavellian tactic of divide and rule, choosing a regime that survives through the power of the gun at the expense of the beleaguered Eritrean people. He became hyperactive, a restless rabbit jumping from one embarrassing situation to another. He became a prima donna. He became like a mannequin appearing in different attires as a model in an endless catwalk stage.

For a while, not many knew where his diplomatic self-confidence emanates from. But soon it became apparent, and his quickly developed relations with regional entities were revealed. Now it’s evident he has the backing of Mohammed Bin Zayid (MBZ), the leader of the UAE, and to some extent the support of Mohammed Bin Salman, the heir-apparent of the Saudi Arabia. It also became evident that he was involved in the empire-building exercise for the benefit of MBZ, the man who aspires to become the Czar of the Middle East and the Horn of Africa.

The Ethiopians say, genzeb kale bsemay menged alle—where there is money, there is a highway in the skies. That could have been invoked at the time when air travel was at its infancy. Now, air travel is too common, as well as the existence of planes that drop fire and destruction from the air. And the UAE czar has many of such planes, and an air force–for an exhibit, look at Yemen which is across the Red Sea from Eritrea.

For a long time, many Eritrea worked hard promoting peace between Eritrea and Ethiopia in particular, and between all the countries of the region, while the Eritrean regime was only interested in strengthening its grip on power. It didn’t cross the mind of many that Abiy would usher an era of anxiety, frustration, and revive and empower the aggressive forces who harbor ill-intentions towards Eritrea. Sadly, it has been over a year since the naked, aggressive psychological campaigns were launched against Eritrea by the Abiy-inspired chauvinists and extremists.

At first it appeared that some unruly and irresponsible elements were behind the aggressive assaults. However, as time went by, and neither the Ethiopian nor the Eritrean governments attempted to contain the illegal and provocative campaigns, many have concluded the two governments are not only collaborating with the instigators, but they are also emboldening them.

Our region is prone to violence and it lies in a terrible neighborhood.  Several regional craze of violence were exacerbated when other governments got involved in Somalia giving birth to the civil strife that is still raging. And that paved the way for the rise of the Somali Al-Shabab militia. Today, more than a decade after it was established, Al-Shabab is still wreaking havoc in Somalia while innocent Somalis are paying the heavy prices.

So, the assaults by Ethiopian groups against Eritrea is not a benign exercise. It is developing to become a malignant sickness as the church has openly endorsed the craze.

The involvement of the church is too evident to miss, particularly during last week’s Timqet celebration (Epiphany) in Ethiopia. It seems Ethiopia is abandoning its secular system of governing and reverting to the church sanctioned governance like the defunct Solomonic dynasty did. That is how it looked during the Haile Selassie era. Now, those who believed Ethiopia is a secular state need to question it and think again. It seems under Abiy Ahmed, Ethiopia has turned into a theocracy. Otherwise, what is the meaning of all the political statements, large posters of maps incorporating Eritrea as part of Ethiopia in a religious event? What is the meaning of a city-square sized outline of the same insulting map drawn on the grounds where Timqet was being celebrated with heavy presence of the clergy? It’s sad to see the religious paraphernalia being overshadowed by the political images.

Ethiopian extremists engaging in political campaigns exploiting the church’s authority and pursuing aggressive goals is not new to Eritreans. And the price they paid due to that recklessness was so heavy. Currently, the situation in Ethiopia and its political trend is unsettling. The course of Ethiopian politics under Abiy Ahmed is heading towards a dangerous zone and it would be helpful if level-headed people tried to stop it. Otherwise, Abiy Ahmed is inches away from turning into a ruthless dictator who would leave behind him a never-ending trail of blood in the entire region.

If the wrong steps of Abiy Ahmed are to be corrected, Ethiopians need to maintain secular values and distance religious institutions from politics and governance. It would also be a wise decision if Abiy Ahmed distanced himself from the Eritrean dictator, and instead he focused in the internal instability in many parts of Ethiopia, like the security of the people, particularly those in remote areas of Ethiopia who are dying in the scores due to the prevailing social strive. Bringing Ethiopia to where it is now was not an easy feat, taking it back to where it was in 1991, is much easier.

Wishing the region peace, stability, justice, and freedom.

About Awate Team

The PENCIL is awate.com's editorial and it reflects the combined opinions of the Awate Team and not the individual opinion of team members.

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  • Dawit

    Selam good people,

    I found this book written between the years of 1765-1773. The book is about the travel to Abyssinia by James Bruce. It is interesting. https://books.google.com/books?id=vzVWAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA171#v=onepage&q&f=false

    • Haile S.

      Selam Dawit,

      Thank you for the link. This particular book is an abridged version of the 4 or 5 volumes written by James Bruce on his travels to Abyssinia (travels to the source of the nile). The book is a third person account of Bruce’s travel that gives a quick and summarized presentation in one volume. If one wants access to Bruce’s books directly, they are also available on Google books.
      Thanks again

  • Jonas Gudina

    Thank you for objective analysis. The road to complete theocracy continues and regress to the 2000 years of feudal brutality.

  • Mike

    Sounds like something a TPLF supporter would write, you have not provided any evidence to support any of your arguments.

  • mokie berhe

    Salam all. Sorry but this is simply a feeble which unnecessarily and with no basis, incites religious fever and division. Some sentences seem so TPLFesque like ‘(TPLF)Ethiopia steadily continued treading on an aggressive and ambitious developmental road’ and ‘he shamelessly embraced their dictator with the irresponsible aim of squeezing and suffocating the TPLF from the South’. I am sure that by now you have seen Eritrea’s public rejection of Saudi Arabia’s claim of ‘Islamic role’ in the Ethio-Eritrea peace agreement.

  • Paulos

    Selam Gedab News,

    Any scoop on the recent visit of Abiy to Asmara? Assenna is saying some sort of a hyperbole where it’s credibility is still on the rocks when it says, the reason is to attack the Weyanes based on the excuse that it refuses to leave Badme where in the final analysis to weaken the Weyanes so that afterwards Abiy and Isaias Afwerki can have a free reign. Again, it sounds outrageous for it ain’t a walk in the park so to speak when the Weyanes seem to be sticking to their guns more than ever.

    • Idrisawate

      Why doesnt tplf just give up badme?

      • Paulos

        Why don’t you go to Tigrai and ask them if you have guts.

        • Abi

          Paul
          ዘንድሮ ፎካሪ እንጂ ወርዋሪ አይገኝም::

      • bardavidi

        Hi…Idrisawate…….Are we here discussing Isaiases version of the Truth scenario or actual facts on Ground zero………Ethiopia,s Chief of Staff M/G. Jula had officially withdrawn from all occupied areas by the order of PMAA way back in 2018 even made several well publicized Press Confrences ie… that can be searched and viewed on u-tube and other media outlets as well ………highlighting the opposition of some organized youth in the Border area …..Mainly in the Badme and Zala Anbesa regions and how he solved those thru discussions……….Officially TPLF had agreed and cooperated with the Federal Authorities in all facets of the Agreement and had Conceeded in the Jurisdiction belonging to Federal Authority…….All occupying forces were Federal and not Tigrai regional Police forces………. The only Authority that is Echoing your voice in fact is Isaias and no one else………Mixing Fairytales with Facts creates Confusion and that is exactly what Isaias had planned all along …………Selah

        • mokie berhe

          Salam bardavidi. What you are saying is 100% incorrect as TPLF forces have refused to withdraw from Badme. Please refer to recent ‘Human Rights World Report 2020: Eritrea’ for confirmation. PMAA’s appointment of General Mola General Mola Hailemariam as Chief of Ground Forces is a foreboding move of what is to be expected in regards to the TPLF’s intransigence regarding Badme.

          • bardavidi

            Hi Mokie….There is no such a thing as TPLF forces anymore unless when Isaias says so……. since his Credibility is established he might have the Upper hand……..Federal Ethiopian Armed forces…….and regional police Forces……..The former TPLF force had been integrated in to the Federal Army………..MG Mola is chief of Ground forces but the Chief of Staff of the Federal Army is MG Berhanu Jula …FYI……who was also in charge of the Northern Command previously…….Former second in Command of MG Seare Mekonenn……Apparently you need more Researching or Visiting in person…….All the Details are available at their Registry online……..Selah

          • mokie berhe

            Salam bardavidi. You should argue with Human Rights Watch for they clearly have a different assessment. An armed TPLF chameleon is nonetheless one in the same and their mechanized infantry remains in Badme; that’s a fact. General Birhanu Jula Gelalcha (an Oromo) simply has extremely limited influence in Tigray whereas General Mola Hailemariam (married to an Amhara MD), potentially has significant influence in Tigray, especially on the Shire/Badme front. I have been to Badme several times over the years, and you?

          • bardavidi

            Hi……Human Rights Watch is nothing more than an assembly of Left-Wing radicals that Exaggerate every issue in to a Catastrophic-event……….Sure….Mokie…….God bless his soul/MG Abraha Kasa on his last report issued 09-2018 as a Circular reported that TPLF had over 50000 Soldiers that are well equiped and ready to invade in to Eritrea ………A phantom army that is Created by the order of you know who…..The Psycho-path trying to extend his life………I believe that too…….I will say Amen to that just like you……Selah

    • mokie berhe

      Salam Paulos. You remain the super ultimate TPLF groupie; at every move and turn you go out of your way to defend and protect their interests. Seems that some of those Woyane guns are going outside Tigray as the Amhara Leyu (Special) forces have accused the Tigray police commission and by extension Tigray People Liberation Front (TPLF), of organizing and sending two terror groups to carry out the planned attacks during this year Epiphany celebrations. A week back, Ethiopia’s NISS issued a statement which said that two groups of destructive forces were arrested while they were plotting to carry out attacks during Epiphany or Timket celebration in Gondar.

      • bardavidi

        Hi …..Mokie……..TPLF is a Political party that has its own police force, Elected Officers and Regional Administrative Unit just like the Amhara, oromo etc….But does not have its own army neither do the other Regional Administrations………Which long time ago had been Integrated to the Federal Army the Prime Minister is Running…….National Borders are the Jurisdiction of the Federal Govt. and not a Local Police Force……Unless you are Listening to Isaiases Lies…..Of course he is capable of creating a Phantom Army that is an Enemy……….. Isaiases Media Blitz against Woyane must have Stung you on the Eye and Knocked your Logic and Common sense out of sight………Selah again…….Selah

        • mokie berhe

          Salam bardavidi. Problem is that a Rogue TPLF has and continues to refuse federal orders/directives and to create havoc and instability within Ethiopia. So, what level of real integration (i.e. within the Federal Army) has actually taken place?

          • bardavidi

            Hi…Mokie……..For reality check …..you need to go and see the situation in your own eyes………Ethiopia is Free to travel and Visit unrestricted……..Stay away from Isaiases Socialist propoganda there is no Truth in it none what so ever……….Selah

          • mokie berhe

            Salam bardavidi. No reality check needed. However, restricted freedom of movement in Eritrea has nothing to do with the fact that TPLF mechanized infantry remains in Badme.

          • bardavidi

            Hi…….Mokie………Watch closely on the Current affairs in Ethiopia……….Amhara regional Adm. is calling for Demonstrations and show of Power in Opposition to PMAA it is an all-out……….Opposition to the New Party is very Stiff from Tigray, Oromo Afar and Amhara regions and most of their Leaders are abandoning Ship namely……..All of TPLF, OLF original led by Professor Merara and Bekele Gerba the Amhara Regional Adm. and are actively meeting to form a Federal Party…………….If you look at my previous comments refer to it………..If Ethiopia does not Create an Opposing Legitimate Party it will have to end up Splitting in to Two ……….It is the Natural progression of their Democracy at work……There is Turbulence in the Air and that is how you get to the Promise Land…………..Selah.

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear All,

    Hi,

    Just now I following the news of Hiber Radio they are fermenting that what is this site saying about Dr.Aby and his mission just google it please as per post awate posting I cannot attach the link today..

    “…. It didn’t cross the mind of many that Abiy would usher an era of anxiety, frustration, and revive and empower the aggressive forces who harbor ill-intentions towards Eritrea. ”

    Just type Hiber Radio google it please and see the last news..

    KS,,

  • Kokhob Selam

    Dear All,

    Hi Just now I following the news of Hiber Radio they are mentioning th that

  • bardavidi

    Hi Team Awate………A Theocracy is a system of religious Clerics ruling over the public according to their religious Belief and will……….Ethiopia is being ruled by an Elected Prime minister and a Balancing Parliament in a Secular manner………Democratic-Republic………..Where is the Theocracy in their Democracy……???………The headline grabs attention but is Hallow and Lacks Substance……….Selah

  • bardavidi

    Selamat……..We need to distinguish between what is the Policy of the Ethiopian Government and the Expression of the Public in General……….Ethiopia is not an Autocratic state thus all events Religious or otherwise are not Sanctioned by the System……….Exercising their freedom of expression is left to them whether it is offending to others or not……….There will always be a segment of their Population that would not feel at Ease with the Independence of Eritrea and the Generation that witnessed it will have to Pass before permanent changes take place……….Democracy has set in their Culture and will be Practiced whether Offensive or not and we will have to live with it as well………That is with the Assumption we want it also……….Of course Socialism would not allow so, because it,s all about Dictating your views and Controlling the Public………..Selah

  • Miriam

    Dear Team Awate-

    You wrote-

    “Otherwise, what is the meaning of all the political statements, large posters of maps incorporating Eritrea as part of Ethiopia in a religious event? What is the meaning of a city-square sized outline of the same insulting map drawn on the grounds where Timqet was being celebrated with heavy presence of the clergy?”

    This, unfortunately, is one of the faces of freedom. Ethiopians are free to express themselves, and some express it this way. The government can not stop them nor should it.
    I can say that the Amhara have has no interest in forcefully conquering Eritrea (Assab, yes maybe). There are church elements that are reactionary just like there are Muslim elements that are reactionary. Of course, I can see how a Muslim Ertrean can find this religious image disturbing, but there is no reason to over react.

    Also don’t believe the rumors about Harar. Things were not as bad as made out in social media. The tabot was not stopped by Muslims from going past a mosque as falsely claimed, the Christians were not disrespectful to the mosque as falsely claimed. It was a few hooligans, mostly Orthodox (going by the video) that caused an isolated problem somewhere else in the city. The tabot returned back to the church and everyone went home peacefully.

    Abaye is not and does not want to be a babysitter. Ethiopians need to grow up and work things out on their own. I hate it when people keep whining ” Mengiste yelem enday” Abiye has his own ideas on how to lead, and he does not want to get bogged down by the various and endless religious and ethnic syndromes of Ethiopia.

    He is trying to show people to think big, to aspire for peace and good will, to prosper, to be positive.

  • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

    Selamat Awate,
    ንምንታይ ምሁራት የጠራጥሩኒ ይብል ኔረ። በጃኻትኩም ዚኣ ስምዑ ናይ ሃይለ ምሕጹን
    ዘሕዝን ‘ዩ
    ኣብ-ጻዕረሞት-ዝርከብ-ትካላት-ላዕለዋይ…..

    • Paulos

      ማሃንድሳይ,

      ሃይለ ምሕጹን
      ሃይለ መዝገበ
      ሃይለ ደባስ
      ሃይለ መንቀርዮስ

      These are all Ph.Ds with the same first name. Haile must had been the most popular name when they were all born.

      • መሃንድስ-ምዕባለ

        ዶተረ:
        ክንደይ ጨጓር ዳንጋ, ደቂ ሃይለ, ድማ ረጊፋ ሃገር ከተምጽእ!
        በዝን ወዲ ኸምዝን ‘ኳ’ዩ ብምሁራት ኤረትራውያን ዝጉሂ ዝነበርኩ።

      • Abi

        Paul
        ግርማዊ ቀዳማዊ ኃይለሥላሴ ንጉሠ ነገሥት ዘኢትዮዽያ ምን ያህል በኤርትራውያን ይመለኩ እንደነበር ያረጋግጣል::

        የአዋተ ኃይለኞች
        Haile S
        Haile Zeru
        Haile TG

        • bardavidi

          What makes you think that every word that has Haile in it refers to Haile Selassie……….There was that name before him and still does…….???……Expand your mind and Views do not narrow it……Selah

          • Abi

            Hello bardavidi
            Thanks for the advice.

        • Paulos

          Happy Sunday Abination,

          I would agree with you if it was in Tigrai but in Eritrea, it was as in Haile-Mariam or Haile-Melekot. In Tigrai there was this intention to be accepted by the ruling elite of the Amharas but again in Eritrea not such a thing. In fact, we can even go a step further, written form in Tigrinya started in the highlands of Eritrea not in Tigrai where they used Amharic instead.

          • Abi

            Paul
            I like you better on Fridays
            You are a little too serious for a Sunday morning.
            ኃይለ ስላሴዎች ባንተ ይደሩ::
            አሜን በል!

          • Paulos

            Abination,

            Have you read, “The Emperor” by the Polish reporter Kapuscinski? In fact, the book was made into a stage-play in London, UK in the early 90s. If you haven’t read the book, you need to drag your ሰምና ወረቅ azz to the nearby Library and read it. It is a must read small sized book where the author walks you through the day to day life of the Emperor and you would be not only amazed but more intrigued on how shrewd and calculating the man was but in the mean time part of you will admire him including those who hate him with passion. Simply because the man was unique.

            The author managed to get an access into the mystery world of the courts where he literally walked alongside the King in the compound and followed him in his daily life as well and that was the reason the book stood out unique among the other biography books of the King.

          • Abi

            Paul
            Excuse me! My ወርቅ መቀመጫ ቤተ መፅሐፍት ሄዶ ደረቅ መቀመጫ ላይ ሊቀመጥ? No Sir! I just ordered the book for less than $10.00.
            Now I need SGJ to narrate the book for me through Negarit. I hope he will make it in 10 installments. It is only 192 pages.
            Thanks Paul.

          • Paulos

            Abination,

            ኣያይ has not only a serious issue with the King but if he had Stewie’s [The kid in Family Guy] Time-Machine at his own disposal, he would not only undo all the “stuff” the King had done, but he would make sure that, the King would never be born. That is how serious ኣያይ is. Remember, he wrote a book about the King. But the counter narrative goes, history depends on the person who writes it or if it was written by the vanquished instead.

          • Abi

            Paul
            The book you mentioned “Of Kings and Bandits” needs a serious editing. I have already talked about it a while back. He said that he has also heard about the issues from other readers.
            I have already applied for a position in editing the 2nd edition. Still waiting for a response.

          • Saleh Johar

            Ras Abi,
            I an honored. You editing it is a welcome gesture. Go ahead. You can contact me in private and we can take it from there.

          • Paulos

            Ayay,

            He will turn it into a total blank book with no single word in it.

          • Abi

            Paul
            You know me well.

          • iSem

            Hi Saleh:
            Ras AbiNet is not talking about editing grammar, syntax. poetic devices. your use of alliteration, diction misuse. So you need to take a lesson from the Clinton administration when after the Soviet Union failed and Perestroika and Glasnost was fully underway, they reasoned that they needed to treat Russia as peer and so they stopped accompanying delegates from Russia with FBI agents when they visited the state department so one day the Russians installed a sophisticated listening devices in the meetings room where Madeline Obright discussed state secretes.
            So I urge you to make sure a Amharic speaking, Qinne deciphering gold and wax cracking person to shadow Ras Abi when he edits your first book. In addition the person must be justice seeking and not confederation loving and also the person must be a female with huge gulteus so Abi will be distracted when he examines what he will call “kumerra” 🙂
            If you do not do that Abi will start mutilation with the title and he will probably call it ” Of Kings and Angels and of God’s Representative”

          • Abi

            Hello iSem
            Abi.net care less about syntax or semantics or anything like that.
            By the time I’m done editing there will be no bandits left in the story. Only God chosen Kings remain.

          • iSem

            Hi Abi:
            Exactly!

          • Abi

            Hello iSem
            “ከባለቤቱ በላይ ያወቀ ቡዳ ነው” ይባሃል::

          • iSem

            Hi Ras:
            We have that sayig to, I wish I was you know what I will do that power.
            Do not get the wrong impression, though, it will not be you

          • Abi

            iSem
            Ani.net is one of a kind.
            I know you want to be Nitricc.

          • iSem

            Abi:
            I will not wast my “budanness” powers on Nitricc

          • Abi

            iSem
            I got a story to tell you that I remembered when I read your comment regarding the supervisor with a huge behind.

            I was driving with my father next to me and my mother in the back seat. I was stopping at a traffic light when I saw a beautiful girl with a jaw dropping gluteus. On the right side of me there was a place where they sell construction materials with a huge pile of sand (የአሸዋ ክምር) in one corner.
            I was admiring this girl when people behind me started blowing their horns. I haven’t noticed the light had changed to green.
            Father: ምን እያየህ ነው?
            አቢ : ክምሩን
            Father: ቂጥ ስታይ ቂጥ ሆነህ እንዳትቀር
            Mother: እንዳባቱ ሊሆን?

            I think I was like 20 years old.

          • iSem

            Hi Abi:
            I was alluding to it and am glad to hear it again because it was good one. You told that here specifically to Amde and that is why I mentioned it. What a hilarious story. It runs in the family

          • Abi

            iSem
            I totally forgot telling this story.
            Glad you liked it. You are one of the people in this forum who remember everything.

          • Abi

            Selam ክቡር ፀሃፊ ትዕዛዝ ሳልህ
            Due to unprecedented objections from the senate literary committee aka bandits, I hereby remove my name from the editorial board nominations.
            Thank you for the offer.

          • iSem

            Hi Abi:
            I object to your withdrawal, I support your membership and your power as editor in chief But with shadowing with the qualifications I mentioned.

          • Miriam

            The polish author was recently found out to have lied in ALL his famous books, and he has been completely discredited. Apparently, he made up a lot of stuff-something that Haile Sellassie’s family have been saying.

            https://www.irishtimes.com/culture/books/a-master-of-magic-journalism-1.543088

            If you want to read a great book about Haile Selassie, please read the one written about Assarate.

            I think reading both is actually best.

          • Paulos

            Selam Miriam,

            Let me play one of the Moderators and say, you need to start with salutations for it is one of the rules of the Forum.

            Well, I read another relatively small book about the Emperor that was written by Professor Berekhet Habteselassie and I must say, I didn’t see any dramatic departure in content one book from the other. I seriously don’t think it is relevant whether the Polish author lied or not.

          • Miriam

            Selam Paulos,

            Both are Marxist critics, one is an Eritrean nationalist, and that is all fine. Asrate’s book has a different perspective, more sympathetic, but also very informative. You won’t regret it, it is a great book.

          • Aron

            Hi Paul,
            I have to confess first you are one of few I read whatever you write to the end without getting bored. I admire your wide ranging general knowledge and your simple way of presenting it. I am confused by what you wrote above though. Would you please explain to those of us uninitiated simple folks the difference between highland Eritrea and Tigray in those days. Aron

          • Paulos

            Selam Aron,

            Many thanks for those kind words and I am glad you found interesting readings with in the comments.

            When I said, the highlands of Eritrea, what I had in mind was when Tigrinya was first used as a written form in the early 40s when Eritrea was under British protectorate. And as you know, by that time, the Eritrean national consciousness was already under way for it had been circa 52 years since Eritrea was crafted out as an Italian colony. Thus, Tigrai and the highlands of Eritrea were viewed as separate to the very least psychologically due to the said historical developments.

          • Aron

            Hi Paul,
            Thanks for the response. In that context I completely get it. Aron

        • Haile S.

          ጀታው፡

          ይሄውልዎ፡ የሃይለስ-ሥላሴ ቅርሳ ቅርስ ሆነን ቀረን:-) 🙂 🙂

          • Abi

            ጌታዬ እንዴት አደሩልኝ
            ምናል የፀሓዩ ንጉሥ ቅርሳ ቅርስ ቢሆኑ ጌታው! ለእርስዎም ክብር ለንጉሡም ታሪክ ይሆናል::

  • said

    Greetings
    Leave Ethiopia for Ethiopian and Leave Eritrea alone.
    Sadly and ignorantly IA and his minions can not fundamentally and irreconcilably ignorant of the many complexities of Ethiopia is facing and thus incapable of a single strategic thought. IA never begin to comprehend the enormity of the change going in Ethiopia . for Eritrean it is time to be wise, to think strategically the con and the pros. Geographically Eritrea set in the most important side of the red sea . In fact, the Red Sea and the Bab al-Mandeb are rapidly becoming more critical than the Persian Gulf and the Strait of Hormuz. Ethiopia so unstable and volatile. Today with PM AAA perfidy and inherent show Ethiopia imperialist intent. Such policy characteristics have been those of Medieval expansionist era of Ethiopian kings and feudal lords, Ethiopian ruling structure akin to a fascist oligarchy, formed a tyrannical state came to fruition that did not benefit any Ethiopian .One would have hoped almost since the War’s end in 1991 . for century when one reads Ethiopian history ,This is Ethiopia a nation that is in constant war with its people , and has become the largest and most murderous local empire in the history of horn of Africa . for many millennia Ethiopian kingdom that has produced endless wars among themselves and Amhra ruling class fighting each other and Fighting Tigray ruling class .The poor masses are told Ethiopia is great, and that God is on their side. Their Ethiopia emperor is holy and even evil red godless Derge and Hail Mariam is highly praised . Ethiopia emperors used their slave barbarian soldiers while treating them and the families of elite with suspicion and hostility, very often murdering them on occasion. Ethiopian Amhra ruling class and its military supremacy allowed it to rule over vast ethnic Ethiopia with Iron feast. Included enormously destructive war in Eritrea and narrative of warmongering still lingering . Ethiopian effort to demonize, distort and zealous advocate of war with Eritrea is not new.
    Ethiopia never deployed concepts like “Justices ” “freedom” “liberty” and Equality. For big part of Ethiopia it still a poor country and still primitive and living in subsistence level. with Millions internally displaced and with little available resources to survive . Those who did the work Poor masses were everywhere in the vast majority while their Ethiopia overlords and warlord almost always made up of Amhra minority – often a very tiny minority – of the Ethiopia vast societies that elite warlord dominated everything they ruled by taking away and getting a hold on the best of the fertile lands. For millennia, elites ruled over large numbers by using a combination of coercion and persuasion and reinforce acceptance of social feudal hierarchies with them at the top of pinnacle and looking down the serfs masses and wage slaves . Ethiopia kings and backward ruling elites lived and prospered from the labor of Oromo and in large numbers of other ethnic people they dominated , using them as free labor ,and primarily slaves owned , but also some indebted poor peasants, and those people of the south Ethiopia subjugated by conquest. while ruthlessly taxing the Ethiopia empire’s peasant population. Ethiopia peasant exploitation lasted well into todays times . From the of Antiquity the so call Solomonic dynasty through the medieval period and until recently and well into King HSS times ,primarily religion was used to advance to ruling class . The Peasant Barbarian army protected Ethiopian aristocracy’s interests for century , Ethiopian poor Peasants landless, never really threatened emperor power, not during the Middle Ages and not for several centuries until recently . It does not seem that, given the isolation of thousand of villages and towns and lacking guenon of leadership experience, and their general acceptance of being shaped as slaves by rulers master and slave ideology. Ethiopian high nobility controlled all land they took by force , owning much of it outright, though they were truly parasitic upon the tenant slave farmers to whom they rented their lands.
    In the medieval Ethiopia and till late emperor HSS time , the Christianity of the Orthodox Church of Ethiopia was very predominant and would act as a unifying force. with state Ethiopia in which the Church was a parallel authority to some degree. The emperor and lords highly trained for warfare, and totally monopolized the upper levels of power of both Church and state and shaped them to serve their interests.

    Everything changed with arrival of TPLF Marxist regime, this began to change with the agricultural revolution. in past The poor masses are told to applaud and worship their king and those that do the massive killing of innocent lives in Eritrea ,in their names .Poor masses and are told not ever to question the wisdom of Ethiopian King HSS and bloody Derge state’s motives, and not to expose the truths about these war of invasion and barbarians aggression against Eritreans because that may cause dissent and harm Ethiopia national security and interest . These are all lies are known fact . This is all propaganda did not help at end Ethiopia lost very costly war ,with maximum expenditure of blood and treasure. The Ethiopia facts are the opposite of what their propaganda presents to the poor masses. Many Ethiopian citizens realised and no longer wished to risk their lives in the Ethiopian ruling military agenda .
    The west using the TPLF as AGENT in-region HORN OF AFRAIC hegemon who protected WESTREN interests, PM Melase however sometimes grudgingly and disastrous strategic blander by invading Somalia, by using peasants as cannon fodder and massive military force ; supposedly to maintained regional stability but instead crated more blood and instability in Somalia. PM Melase pleasing and fulfilled his role and to his master obligation. By send the poor Ethiopian children of others to die in war, and are used as fodder for their own benefit and political agendas. He should have volunteer to put top TPLF general children and die themselves. but they are the true cowards the invasion was immoral, wrong, illegitimate, costly and senseless, .And did not take long kicking the Ethiopia Army out of Somalia, for what strategic reason and why did PM Melase pushed powerfully and successfully for the invasion of Somalia? a very possible result of US’s maximum pressure policy? for decade the basket case Ethiopia is hostage to Economic and financial assistance from western nations.PM AA should learn from his former rulers of wars, ruled through fear, division, and greed. Ethiopia was never the land of tolerance and not the free and home of burthwal of ruler and the not country of brave and justices . The old kingdom Ethiopia empire eventually fail the Derge and TPLF cease to exist. PM AA if he follow the step and if his regime is no different, except that it will be one of the shortest Ethiopia in history with body IA, it will end in very dire financial ruin, in riots and civil unrest among many ancient historic enmity that existed will fight each other. based ethnic and regional group and with more and more bloodshed. Yes. PM AA is not very carful and learn from the recipe for disaster , Ethiopia will eventually will fall, but it won’t be due to any outside threats. It will be due to the abandonment of falsely espoused values and lies, existing internal strife and divisiveness is already on surface in the capital city of Addis Ababa. and would end in fragmentation and chaos. and could be maintained for long. This is the real Ethiopia today. As Ethiopian is fast slipping into total bankruptcy as a significant percentage of the Ethiopian are touching and increasing number on the below poverty line, Ethiopia’s traditional tribal lords – long removed and virtually disconnected of the true interests and grievances of their constituencies. The fast deteriorating living conditions of the Ethiopian people; the huge inadequacy of available public services and amenities; currency manipulation and the onslaught of rampant inflation; a corrupt of new political elite class. all would seem to render property party PP as the only well-organized political grouping that will weather the storm and even end-up subtly, even openly, dictating the Ethiopia National Agenda by the default of needing to meeting the basic necessities of survival of the greatest majority of the Ethiopian people commencing by example with the caring for members of its constituency will be a major challenge.
    Ethiopia’s rentier economy is a sham economy of limited wider sharing and fairer distribution of income and national wealth that the transformation of Ethiopia ’s economy by default into a socialist economy will be necessitated by the requisites of survival as a top priority. As Ethiopia is slipping into a total chaos, reliability of the delivery of the basic living necessities of life for the sake of sustenance will become the dominant factor bestowing the legitimacy of leadership.
    Resetting the priories to meeting people’s needs for the necessities of subsistence will catapult certain organized transparent political groups and their representations to the fore. In consequence, this could permit the catapulted groupings to influence and even set Ethiopia’s national agenda.
    Here, and as dictated by meeting the needs for the immediate public services and the necessities of survival, Ethiopia is likely to veer to the Left, forging even stronger ties and economic relations with China,
    A better managed transparent economy, along with Ethiopia ’s significant reservoir of well-educated, trained and well-versed in high-tech population in diaspora ; besides, a potentially enhanced state budget from the inflow of fresh revenues from the exploitation of the inshore Oil & Gaz fields in Ogaden region ; all this along with an effective system in place for the fighting of wide-spread corruptions and potential Chinese local investments and the construction of reliable public services networks, All could ultimately become an alternative of a national salvation plan that Ethiopia could one day seriously realize freeing the country from the despondent of aide and handout of US, Western ,GCC Saudi conditional, supporting a rentier economy strings attached funding. The confluence of worsening living conditions and the stifling consequences of an archaic corrupt Tribal Political System hugely played as eye opener, hugely contributing to heightened conscious awareness among the Ethiopian across all the religious and ethnic , sectarian divides of the origin of their endemic socioeconomic and sociopolitical ills; as well as of the ultimate defeatism of the sustenance of Ethiopia’s century-old Tribal Political System.
    A New Ethiopia of a just, a truly democratic modern state would act as the true ultimate guarantee for the long-term territorial security for Ethiopia, as true of a transformed democratic to horn of Africa. To make sure not coming together to thwart Ethiopia’s constant expansionist and colonialist policies for ever . Once the Ethiopia and Eritrean individual is truly liberated in a just democratic secular society, that would inevitably act the best guarantee to check Ethiopian Spartan aggression and colonialist drive. Citizenry of a just democratic Ethiopia would ultimately collectively automatically be compelled as citizens to standup up for the territorial integrity of their sovereign state and to collectively defend against’s threats they expose .

  • Haile S.

    ክሃልል ዝመጸካ ኣድጊ ኣኽቢድካ ጽዓኖ

    Selam Awate Team,

    The absence of respect on Eritrea manifested by certain Ethiopians including the Addis Ababa city hall (remember the curved wood African map story) can be explained by the proverbial tigrigna adage I quoted above that can be translated as “load as much as you can, a donkey that voluntarily comes running to you”. Issayas came running to Abiy forgetting his own country and people and Abiy & Co are profiting to the brim. Issayas, instead of asking his own people to help him ease the load he voluntarily for years amassed on his back, chose to take it to his neighbor. Abiy is saying, no problem Presidente, don’t worry about the load. Leave it at the border for now. You will load it back when go back to your country along with much heavier load of gifts we will be giving you. Now free yourself, have fun, smile and go enjoy Awassa, Adama and Sululta. Enjoy the new people’s garden in Addis your own people were not able to build for you in Asmara. Remember, after independence Isayas was adored like a God. Now he is confused, where did all that go? He doesn’t understand why it ended in Eritrea. The navel-gazing leader he is, he needed to re-fuel. Well Abiy discovered this early and is not only delivering, but re-doubling on it as well at the expense of the Eritrean people. Abiy is hoping one day Issayas will deliver the lock that can unlock the Ethiopian dream. For that he is reviving and preparing his Naval Musicians to play hymns at the future inauguration Should we then expect qualms from Abiy & Co? No ክሃልል ዝመጸካ ኣድጊ ኣኽቢድካ ጽዓኖ.

    P.S. In the image accompanying the article, it is interesting that you placed religion and politics on the same pole, they have always been. Religion is politics or the biggest instrument of politics, if you will.

    • Abi

      ጋሼ ኃይለ
      Isu received a lot of ቅራቅንቦ and a fleet of well decorated Mustangs for fast gateway.
      ቅራቅንቦውን ፈረሱ ላይ ጭኖ ሰጋር በቅሎውን በጀነራል ንትርክ እያሳበ ጉዞ ወደ አሥመራ !

  • Abi

    Hello All
    This is the first ጥምቀት after the UNESCO registration of the holiday.
    Since Eritrea is celebrating it as well, I believe this UNESCO registration applies to Eritrea as well.
    Celebrating this recognition under one flag just for one day should not be considered a cardinal sin.
    ምዕመናን በስመአብ በሉ!!

    • Selam Abi,

      The first thing that came to my mind was the theocratic regime of Iran, and what has Abiy to do with it. If there is such a thing as pan-religionist, i think he is the one. When he is with Christians i see him as a Christian, when he is with Muslim, he is as if he is one of them. This guy fits every where you put him, with the rich the poor, the educated, the layman, anybody. Many accuse him for that, because they hate the love and support that comes with it.
      Right or wrong, in my opinion, the map that was seen at the timket celebration was,1. depicting the same region celebrated in both countries, and 2. the defunct we are the same people. It is better Ethiopians are more careful about these things in the future.
      There were troubles about the type of flag people were carrying at timket celebration in other places. It is obvious that the church can’t decide nor control what the congregation would do in such a situation. Nevertheless, it is a known fact that religion is being used for political reasons to cause trouble by those who are outside the church, those who have nothing to do directly with the church. But, everything is not politics, and the world would have been a different places if politics in general and religion could be separated from each other, and not only the state and religion.

      • Abi

        Selam Horizon
        I understand that everything is not politics. However, Eritrean political activists are playing victim and trying to milk the situation. It was Tamrat last month, it is ጥምቀት and the old map this month. Eagerly waiting for the upcoming topics…
        ይህ የአብይና ኢሳያስ እንደ አዲስ ሙሽሮች ኬክ እየቆረሱ አበድኩልህ መባባላቸውን አቁመው ከጀርባችን የሚዶልቱትን ግልፅ ያድርጉልን::
        “I love you more than I can say” መባባሉ ብዙ አያራምድም::

        • Hi❤ Now I want to find a good man, with a large and deep inner world, who is eager to find love, like me, and create an excellent relationship, full of harmony and sensuality. To be full of determination, seriousness and positive qualities. Please contact me.

        • Nitricc

          Hey Ras Abi; I don’t think there is any thing going on between PIA and PMAA. it is all show to kill TPLF. I really believe that. PIA wants nothing more than witnessing TPLF death and PMAA loves his power and TPLF is in his way and he wants to see TPLF gone. So, they have a common need and they are moving tactically to see the end of TPLF. As far as PMAA; I like the guy, he did huge favor for Eritrea. if it wasn’t for him, the freaking BS sanction still would have been active and god knows for many years to come. I really want PMAA to do well and Ethiopia to be in peace. However; I see big problem in his leadership. How do you late that many female students to be taken hostage while Bekele Gerba gave a warning two months ago? he gave the hint this was coming and still PMAA doesn’t take action? even more strange; Bekele Gerba is in Addis dining and wining. Where are you heading as a nation? I hope the students are alive. it has been over a month. I wouldn’t know the real fleeing but can you imagine if one the students is your daughter?

          • sara

            selamat Gen, Nitric,
            wish –peace & prosperity to our neighbors ….

      • Paulos

        Selam Horizon,

        Would you have seen him as an Atheist if he was to go and visit Atheists? ኣስመሳይ እና a man of refined diplomatic finesse are stark contrasts and he is the former.

        • Selam Paulos,

          One has to give space to everybody and accept those who are different, whether it is religion or way of life. My way is the perfect way has always been the problem. Crimes due to religious fanaticism were committed both by Christians and Muslims, because they didn’t accept the other opinion. If God were to speak of the crimes committed, he would have said “not in my name”. There is good in everything as long as violence is not in its nature.
          Does God hate atheists if their actions are christian? Or would He choose a christian with unchristian deeds? I don’t think so. Wouldn’t you have chosen an atheist humanist, rather than a christian far-right supremacist?
          These things are not black and white. Deeds and actions are more important than anything else. Therefore, there is nothing wrong if Abiy acts as an atheist when he stands next to an atheist. It is the person’s good character and good deeds that make him a respected human being, or loved by God, and not his/her label. Even Jesus had said that there is nothing wrong if they are not one of them, as long as they do the work of God, when He was told that other people were healing in His name, although they were not his followers.
          Why should then Abiy reject atheists, provided that they are good citizens? It is good that Abiy is approachable by all and to all. In my opinion that is the quality of a good leader, and not that of an impostor. Those leaders who are haughty and out of reach usually end up dictators, because they have inner phobia of one sort or other.

          • Paulos

            Selam Horizon,

            Fair points. If you ask me if Hailemariam Desalegn was a stooge of the Weyanes, I would say he was. He was never a man of himself. If you ask me if Abiy is a man of himself, I would say, he is but he is not cut out to be a leader much less a leader of a country like Ethiopia and incredibly complex people like Ethiopians. I am not in a position to tell you your own history for you are more versed than I am but if anything, all Ethiopian leaders particularly those who led the country through its turbulent times [When Ottoman Empire first set foot on the coastal region in the mid 1500s through the Italian invasion in the late 1800s including the last Emperor and the Colonel], they were all cut out to be not only leaders but they were bold, assertive, decisive with powerful personalities.

            They had to cultivate that kind of decisive personalities not only because the people they presided over were incredibly complex but the strategic location of Ethiopia drew an aura of interest among the powerful nations that had started from the legends of Prester John of the 13th century to present day—the Gulf states, China and the US. Again, if you ask me, I would say, Abiy belongs to the pulpit instead.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam paulos
            1, HM was not a stooge of tplf, u need to know the ideology of eprdf to know HM, is was the one buried tplf alive.
            2, 3A yes is different from the rest of past ethiopia leaders, am sure that will give him a chance to accomplish what the past ethiopia’s leaders didn’t accomplish, which is democracy and prosperity.
            3, u r seeing ethiopians with ur incredibly complex eyes, that is why u think ethiopians r incredibly complex people, in terms of diversity, except the size, they r the same with eritrea or kenya or most countries of the world , they r even by far law abiding people comparing to most countries of the world .

          • Selam Paulos,

            [Ethiopian leaders except HMD and AAA] …”they were all cut out to be not only leaders but they were bold, assertive, decisive with powerful personalities.”
            My biggest problem is how does one define a bold, assertive decisive leader with powerful personalities in the context of third world countries, where the norm is a blood thirty dictator than a democratic leader. HS, MHM, IA, MZ, Al Sisi, Al Bashir, Museveni, etc…. Are these the leaders with the above attributes? Who else? I see only a bunch of bloodthirsty dictators who ruled/rule their people with an iron fist.
            When Mengistu H/Mariam committed crimes against humanity, or MZ killed about 200 innocent people on one occasion only in broad daylight in addis, because ethiopians came out to demonstrate, are these the examples of bold, assertive and decisive leaders? On the contrary, these are signs of weakness and cowardice. Great leaders are not those who used the strength of their military and security on their own people, but against an enemy of the country. In my opinion these leaders committed crimes.
            Should pm Abiy have sent the army and the security to quell the disturbances with brute force as others have done? What then is the difference? Shouldn’t one have opposed the repeat of the use of indiscriminate force? I do not think that a leader should be bold and decisive because they hide behind the armed forces and the security, and can use them against the people at ease any time.
            I believe that the problem of instability in ethiopia is being tackled gradually. Many are in prison. Maybe it is not difficult to use excessive force to kill, intimidate and terrorize people to quell the disturbances, but that is repeating the old modus operandi, and it is not the measure of boldness, decisiveness and assertiveness.
            Look, nascent democracy is being practiced in ethiopia, this is a vast country, the police force cannot be trusted, and therefore, unfortunately things are not subdued before they happen. That is the price paid.
            Oromos who live in the usa were demonstrating today in front of the white house (i think), by condemning Abiy’s government. They are saying that he is committing crimes against the oromo people, by implementing a command post in western oromia. They carry the picture of the famous shifta (i don’t remember his name), and they deny that he is killing oromos, robbing banks, or kidnapping university students. There is a good reason to liquidate him for the sake of the people, and yet his supporters, oromos themselves, are shouting faul.
            The choice in ethiopia is between dictatorship and democracy. In the first case one can bring peace and stability, as most african dictators do, by killing, terrorizing and intimidation as it happened in the past. Unfortunately, democracy in ethiopia is being born with a protracted pain, due to special circumstances. That is the difference.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam horizon d
            i didn’t read the whole of ur comment , but meles killed, arrested, not lessthan mengestu killed and arrested. most of mengestu victims were organized poltical pary members but meles most victims were individuals who protest his rules. Meles killed over 400 people in one day in gambela, over 200 in one day in hawassa, he committed genocide in ogaden and welkyet , in early time of his rule he killed 49 people in one day in gonder and so on.

          • iSem

            Hi Horizon:
            Here is the problem with your country, it has not produced visionary leaders, despites it innate potential to be the shining star on the horn it leaders myopic and rendered it to a country that is only remembered of famine. A country that has potential to feed the entire horn is dirty poor and hanging in balance, its survival threatened. And Abi’s dalliance with IA is bad for Ethiopia. Abi is light weight and at times unhinged (example when he talked about Mark and Moa). As far as I am concerned the confederation is done deal, we just wait for the coronation . Ethiopia may at least get its sea access and is bad idea for its longevity, I am also convinced that Eritreans will resist ir valiantly like they did before. But peace that the obsession with the sea has made elusive will not be gained with having sea access. It will perpetual chaos in our countries, even without a formidable revolution to reverse IA’s confederation.
            MZ was the closest to a visionary leader you got until he sat on his laurels for long. But for his own people he gave them back their dignity that the others denied.
            So your thinking of show me crimes is so low bar to aspire to and it reminds me when our pfdj supporters tell me show me when and where IA killed and dragged the bodies in the streets of Asmara like dergi that is how low a bar is your. And since Abi arrived you have lowered your bar so much ad if citizens lower their bar they get IA, Mengistu, Ghedafi, not over night. Abi’ came here with the small opportunity that EPRDF created for him and he set out tor reform it, which is marvelous because settling like HD is lower but, then he goes back to IA and hugs a dictator IA. Oh, I forgot even USA does that and other democratic countries do that, is that your explanation sir Horizon.
            Also are you happy with Abi chickening out with Egypt re the dam

          • Selam iSem,

            I don’t think that confederation is such a good idea. I believe that it will come with an economic burden for Ethiopia, however it is called, confederation, federation, union, whatever. Ethiopia is not West Germany that could handle easily the economic burden of confederation, which in my opinion is the first step to reunification, but in name, if IA lives long. I can imagine the mass movement of Eritreans to the center, when borders will exist only on maps. In addition, who will bear the economic burden of building Eritrea’s infrastructure that had been abandoned for decades (ports, roads, etc), if the economy is to function properly.
            Those who will resist the confederation live outside Eritrea, and I wouldn’t expect resistance from inside. Maybe, those who live inside the country see it as the beginning of the end of their plight, a light at the end of the tunnel. I think that the chefs are not only the two leaders, but other leaders as well.
            These are not the 1960s and 70s, Arab nations are on survival mode themselves, Libya, Iraq, Syria, etc, and i don’t think that there will be many who would support your revolution. On the contrary, there are many who will help the confederation.
            You are completely detached. How can you compare a person picked by his own party one and a half years ago with IA and MZ who had been in the business of killing for half a century. This is utter confusion and purposefulness.
            You people have done nothing for the last three decades. Waiting for the dictator’s death, at the same time you say you will turn the world upside down if confederation takes place. The world can’t wait until you come to power. That is why they are working with who every you provide them with, whether you like him or not.
            If you ask me, i wish this day of confederation never comes. On the contrary what is needed is the wall. As much as the ports are concerned, for these are all your fears and all you will come up with, i see no problem if Ethiopia stays another 50yrs or more using other ports as she does now. Famine or no famine, Ethiopia will survive. With a plethora of sea ports in the horn of Africa in the future, we will see how things are going to be. And if MZ was as visionary as you say, tplf would not have been the black hole of corruption, theft and abuser of human rights.
            It is the economy my friend. You would have accepted dictate IA with open arms, if the economy was fine. Forget about democracy, as many countries have put up with dictators for the sake of the economy. Identity doesn’t fill the stomach of the poor and forgotten either, and whoever worships identity goes back home to satisfy his/her thirst for identity. Don’t tell me that human beings do not live for their stomach, as Tilahun Gessese said in one of his songs. That is only when it is already full. I wish all our people live in dignity irrespective of their identity.
            One more thing, you gave the right to your dictator to tell you that he created Eritrea after the Italians, and he will do anything he likes with it. True or false, he seems to have said, he can undo what he created.
            Finally, I don’t understand why you continue to accuse Ethiopia after 1991. All the responsibility lies at your doorsteps. Leave us alone doesn’t work. If you don’t come, nobody comes to you.

          • Abi

            Hello Horizon
            You and I are coming too close it is scary. You are telling the Absolute truth. Build the wall!!! Avoid Eritrean ports!!! Avoid any kind of confederation, federation BS!!! We don’t need thousands of modern day Awates . I don’t want iSem and Berhe leave the luxury of Toronto and Tim Horton ( whatever that coffee shop is called) and move to Sahel. I don’t want አባት ጡረተኞች the likes of Amanuel H and SGJ rush to Nakfa leaving the luxurious accommodations of Independent Living facilities and Assisted Livings behind.I don’t want ተጋዳላይ መሃመድ ( ዳግም ዘማች) leaving the pacific coast and run to Sahel . Saay? Nah, he is too smart to change his Nike to ሼዳ ( ባለ ስምንት መስኮት የጎማ ጫማ) . Paul? He can’t leave Abination!!!

            Listen to ልዑል ራሥ አቢ!!! Thanks.

          • Teodros Alem

            abi
            U r wronge about aman h, he is just a talk, i don’t think he will leave to nakfa, i don’t even think he has been a real soldier (fighter), he doesn’t do nothing except sitting behind computer and bark. I don’t even think he has a courage to say what he said online in public or gathering.

          • Abi

            Hello TA
            Amanuel H is not junk. He graduated from Bahri Dar Polytechnic Institute in Industrial Chemistry during the reign of Emperor HS. He was gainfully employed in Addis. He left behind a luxurious life in Addis to fight for his people. He took a long sabbatical to continue his education somewhere in New York. Now, at old age he is relentless in his fighting to remove PMAA of Ethiopia and bring Agazian Kingdom. You got to respect that. I’m not saying his cause is/was right. He was dead wrong except on chemistry exams. This is the Absolute Truth.
            He is too left to be right.

          • Paulos

            Abination,

            I would understand if the loony Tedros made the outrageous claim about የተከበሩ ወንድማችን እና ኣባታችን Professor A. Hidrat but I wouldn’t expect it to come from you when you said that he is trying to bring the Agazian Kingdom. Can you provide us with any proof to that effect. Much obliged.

          • Abi

            Paul
            You have not been paying enough attention.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam paulos
            What an idi*t question, can’t u read aman h heart and mind through his writings here. If smart means a guy like u, i wanna be loony.

          • Teodros Alem

            abi
            agazian is junk and there is no proof that show other ways and there is no proof amah h left addis to fight for his people, the only proof that he has is his pic in hawassa with eri oppositions when he assigned to infiltrate .
            but since u urself is a junk, u don’t see it.

          • sara

            selamat ato abi,
            congra… THE WALL–we have now new covert Horizon.

          • Abi

            Sariti Shikorina
            Project: Boarder Wall
            Financed by: sara
            Supervisor: Ras Abi
            Consulting Engineer: Horizon

            Help wanted. Now hiring…

          • Paulos

            Abination,

            I just finished reading Horizon’s comment and yours as well and what Tamrat said came to mind when he said, he is grateful to Isaias for what he has done to Eritrea and Eritreans when he broke their fighting spirit so that you two and others can flogg us when we are down and in our lowest point. The Sun always rises however!

          • Abi

            Paul
            To be honest with you there has never been “Eritreans fighting spirit” BS unless Ethiopia is involved in the game. All these yiAKl kind of things came to picture just because you see Ethiopia in the shadow.
            Otherwise, Isu will be here until kingdom comes and you will keep revising Greek methodology…

          • Selam Abi,

            While we are discussing about confederation and the map, which have more or less caused a crisis between Ethiopians and Eritreans at awate.com, pm Abiy is again in Asmara. This time the president of Somalia will also be there for a tripartite meeting. What could bring them together and what could they be discussing?
            I was not aware of the lion of judah behind the pm’s pic until now. What was it, was he meant to be a king or a prime minister. Do you remember what his mother told him? What did your parents tell you you would be when you grow up? 😂

          • Abi

            Hello Horizon
            The only thing my parents wished for me was to be alive. I was so mischievous when growing up my parents used to continuously worry that I would get in trouble. My first car accident was when I was 13. I totaled my father’s company issued car. Of course, I stole it when he was abroad. Definitely they didn’t except me to be ልዑል ራሥ.

            I haven’t seen the Lion of Judah picture behind PMAA. Now that is interesting. It might send some awatistas with a weak heart to comatose. God forbid.
            Let us wait and see what the three leaders come up with. Of course, we are just dreaming.

          • Samuel

            Selam Horizon,
            Dr. Abiy is an accidental Prime Minster, when he said his mother foretells he will be Ethiopia’s 7th King, what he really means is since he is the protégé of “Ginbot 7”, indirectly he is saying he is the king of “Ginbot 7”. The 7th king is to mean “Ginbot 7”.
            To tell you the truth, PMAA will be in power maximum for 6 to 8 months. I hope you will hang-on on awate forum to appreciate my prediction.

            Thanks,

          • Teodros Alem

            selam samuel
            3A will be in power for minimum 10 years + 6-8 months, we will know u r wrong after 6-8 months and he is by far the most beloved leader and has a big support among most ethiopians, in ethiopia history ever.

          • Haile S.

            ህዝበ ኣወተ ሆይ፡

            ኣቢ እና ኣድማስ በሃሳብ ሲዳሩ
            ኮንፈደሬሽን እያጣጣሙ ሲያንጎራጉሩ
            ኣብየት ኣብየት እንዴት ሲያምሩ
            የጎንደሬ ነገር መች ይሆን ሳይግደረደሩ

          • Abi

            ጋሽዬ ኃይለ
            ኃይለኛው አጎቴ የሠራዊት አዝማች
            የተዘጋውን በር ተለማምጦ ከፋች
            የእንቧይ ካብ ሰርተህ ከቶ የሚንገዳገድ
            ቢገፉት የሚናድ ቢዘሉት የሚርድ
            ፌዴሬሽን ብለህ ግንቡን ሳትንደው
            እኔ አጠብቀዋለሁ ዞር በል አንተ ሰው
            ካድማስ ማዶ ሆኜ እጠብቀዋለው

          • Haile S.

            ኣባ ትልቁ

            ኢሱ እና ኣቢይ ተሰባስበው
            ሶማሌ እንደ ጨው ደምረ’ው

            ሎሚ ሊያፈሩ ከእምቧይ
            ኣምባሻ ሊያወጡ ከድንጋይ

            የማይቻል የለም ተባለ ዘንድሮ
            የሚጋገረው ማን ኣየ ከ ጓሮ

          • Abi

            ጋሽዬ
            ከልብ ካለቀሱ እምባ እንደማይገድ
            ከተንከባከቡት እንቧይ ሎሚ ሊወልድ
            የማይቻል የለም ሁሉም እንደወቅቱ
            መከራዎን አዩ እርስዎ ሲዋትቱ

          • Saleh Johar

            Hi Horizon,
            You attitude is not new. We have lived through cycles of its versions. One time it is coercion, other times, blackmailing, threats, condescending remarks, etc. For your information, ( speaking for myself) do not believe in imposed decisions. Respect and honesty opens the way for anything possible. At the end, what brings about peace, equality and honorable life will be accepted by the people. In our case, if the attitudes I mentioned above were to be eradicated tonight, you will see the attitude of Eritreans changed over night. Unfortunately, being the victims throughout history, we are very apprehensive, and anxious. And what we see from the modern day politicians does not increase mutual trust, it diminishes it. From my side, I suggest you stop paternalist attitudes and come down to earth. Talk like human beings because you are dealing with human beings with aspiration for peace and good life. No one (at least the sane) wants to live in a vicious, violent cycle. Second, stop giving more weight to the sea shore more than the people who inhabit it. Please do not insult our intelligence. Personally, I do not believe that we should shut off Ethiopia from using our ports simply because we have some grudges waiting for revenge, as has been happening for the last few decades. I have openly written about this at great cost to me. But the chauvinist cries coming from Ethiopia, the conspiracies, taking the people for granted, gloating over out misfortune, doesn’t bring about peace. It distances people. Then, why does such aggressive behaviors come from a specific regions in Ethiopia, from specific political persuasion that led the region through decades of bloodshed? Such issues need to be addressed honestly and not in a brutal, disrespectful, and supermacist manner. Why the infatuation with failed feudal rule and aspiring to bring that era back? Do you think people will not resist such acts? Think again

          • Abi

            Selam Ato Saleh
            I think you missed the most important point of Horizon’s comment. He is praying that this confederation never happens. He is also saying that we need to build the wall. Finally, he is saying Ethiopians should avoid Eritrean ports for the next 50 years.
            Where do you see a problem ?

          • Saleh Johar

            Ras Abi,
            Remember I was sitting on the front row when Jesus was preaching 🙂

            We are sentimental (emotional?) beings and we read attitudes that we cannot explain because we are limited in expressing feelings adequately. This wall thing was mentioned, loudly and in sotto-voce, a million times, for it and against it. “Contradiction” is the only constant I observed. Just like situations develop, we evolve with our thinking. But our core values and thinking remain the same, more or less moving from one extreme to the other with stops in between at still other times. I don’t think anyone can say whether they are for the wall or against it today and keep that position in the future. By the way, I visited a tarot queen and regarding the wall she told me, it’s a psychological onslaught meant to be consumed to advance a position or to intimidate. It’s not a solid position—also remember why I said let’s talk like simple human beings because we do not have the temperament or authority to make conclusive decisions that we cannot enforce. So, we can be mean spirited, mock and subtly insult people, and gloat over their misfortune, or be kind and promote civility. The choice is upon each individual. It’s also nice to understand in what capacity we are making grand pronouncements that have no value except their shock values and egoist insulting value.

            So, when I was sitting in the front row, 2000 years ago, I heard it’s better to be nice and avoid being mean spirited. Words are like swords and they hurt. That is why I will never raise anything that results in bloodshed. I wish you were in that front seat 🙂

          • Abi

            Selam Ato Saleh
            Jesus is coming back while you are still sitting in the front seat. He will be shocked to see you there. Was he preaching on Adal mountain? In that case you are justified to sit tight. It is yours.
            My hope for the future is on the young ones. Those people who are much older than Jesus should stay aside. Nothing good comes from them. I’m talking about the people on both sides of the border.

          • Saleh Johar

            Abi I think that topic required an ID to prove one is an adult above 18 , like buying beer! The problem is with those who never grow up.:-)

          • Paulos

            ኣያይ,

            Boomerang out of a ruler? Aha! That is original and will make sure to quote you if I need to sound smart. Here is a question though: Can you do the reverse, as in making a ruler out of a boomerang?

          • Abi

            Paul
            You are asking a boomer about a boomerang? I say Boo!!!
            This is exactly what PMAA is doing! Straightening up the bending Isu.
            እያረቀው ነው:: There you have it. Making a ruler from a boomerang.
            I’m sure you have watched Crocodile Dandy. The best use of boomerang in New York City.

          • Paulos

            Abination,

            You know, I have always been in love with Ethiopian history and a similar dynamics comes to mind when I read either factual or a mere propaganda where the “theory” goes Isaias and Abiy are conspiring to destroy if not isolate the Weyanes.

            And almost at the end of the “Era of the Princes”, similar alliance took place between the powerful Oromos and the ruler of Semien to defeat the ruler of Tigrai. I am kinda lazy now to narrate the dynamics in detail but tomorrow, God willing that is, will comment on it.

          • Saleh Johar

            Yes Paulos,
            You can try to make a ruler from a boomerang, but get a Prime Minister instead.

          • Abi

            Selam Ato Saleh
            This is your house. I’m a guest. I let you win.
            በገዛ ሜዳዎ ነጥብ እንዳይጥሉ
            Saleh 1
            Abi 0

          • Teodros Alem

            abi
            ethio-eri poltics is not just black and white only, there r other things in between, in ethio-eri poltics, there r a lot of peoples involved in it , there r chauvinist, narrow triblist, haters because of inferiority complex and there r people also with a legit grievances and a legit question.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Dr Paulos,

            Actually, Abiy isn’t a man of himself. He is man who goes with the wind, and s man who came to power on the back of Lemma. Now lately, who become influenced and depended on our despot’s advice, can not and will not be a man of his own. These days we are having diverged opinions.

          • Teodros Alem

            selam aman h
            now i see u can’t control urself any more , based on the context of paulos stetment , u r saying leaders has to be a dictator like the past ethiopia’s rulers ? u gave dictatorship other name like ,bold, assertive, decisive and u said “with out those qualities, they can not be a decision makers ” , u even describe dictators as a persons who have quality values.
            u r waste of time.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Dr Paulos & All,

            Here is a debate by the brightest minds, Africa can afford, on the role of “private sector” and “public sector” on the economic development of third world countries, at the “world economic forum”, in Addis Abeba. Notice the boldness, assertiveness, and decisiveness of some of the debaters to the idea they have espoused.

            https://youtu.be/_mkHjtpGPaY

      • Saleh Johar

        Hi Horizon,
        If there is such a thing as pan-religionist, i think he is the one. When he is with Christians i see him as a Christian, when he is with Muslim, he is as if he is one of them. This guy fits every where you put him, with the rich the poor, the educated, the layman, anybody. Many accuse him for that, because they hate the love and support that comes with it.

        One would think the above was not by Horizon, but by a pro-Isaias euphoric Eritrean in 1991. I am just warning those who are willing to listen, sanctifying leaders comes with great risks.

        The second excuse is lame–it was wrong and you should have said just that, I think. But trying to absolve the church…!
        It was a religious event and it should have remained so. No one is holding you responsible for what happened, but I blame you for not stating it was wrong instead of making excuses for the church or for others–why trivialize a clear complaint from many Eritreans?

        • Selam SJG,
          Give me his other crimes upto now, and i will condemn him to hell. Working with IA is his only crime upto now, and that as much as Eritreans are concerned. Unfortunately, IA is the only person available to pm Abiy to do business with. He can’t wait until IA’s death. Time is an important factor, especially for the two poorest countries in the world. As to his other achievements in general, the world community stands as witness. Of course, no human being can satisfy individual wishes. Ethiopians and Eritreans had been living in a limbo of no war no peace, why should the small light that flickers in the horn of Africa be a big problem? Even Lenin seems to have said at one point that if it helped the Russian people, he was ready to work even with the devil.
          If i may ask, is Islam as a religion responsible for the actions of fanatic Islamists, who call upon the name of the Almighty when they commit their horrendous crimes?
          If you condemn the church you have to condemn the mosque as well, and this will have grave consequences for both countries. We shouldn’t take it as if the church prepared the map and gave it to one of its people to carry it around. If the church has the power to prohibit what individuals may manifest in a celebration that gathered thousands of people, yes you can accuse the church. But it is not like that.
          Finally, i don’t think that i have trivallized the sentiment of Eritreans. On the contrary, i said that Ethiopians should be more careful in the future. Nevertheless, i can’t dump it on the church as its crime.

          • Saleh Johar

            Hi Horizon,
            Only law people can talk about such matters in crude legal terms. I am a civilian, citizen, ( I also consider you like me) and we should not talk in legal terms devoid of any human feeling, compassion and respect for human beings. When all citizens turn in politicians (ruthless politicians at that) it’s symptomatic of a sick society. I would accept such reasoning from a feudal lord, or a greedy wall street trader. Not a common citizen–I am just assuming that, maybe you are not a common citizen.

            You do not need to bring Lenin to explain your value system, you have your Abiy who is not depending on “if” but actually working with the devil. And when citizens are okay with that, something is wrong. Remember there is a noble act called SOLIDARITY. If not for that human solidarity, many nations would have been eradicated by famine. But humans acted, reached out with compassion, and saved many lives–imagine if they had the stone hearted behavior you are defending!!!!

            There are topical issues. If I talk about a certain issue, do I have to apportion criticism equally just to appear fair? No. There is something called context. In this instance, it was not the mosque that did what I am complaining about. Within context if need be, when I see something that has to be criticized, I do it. And my record speaks louder than your insinuations, dear.

            Besides, you may not like it, but Eritreans have a long history of injustice from the clergy. But that is for another time, within context, not to satisfy egos and bolster defensive mechanism.

            Dear Horizon, I didn’t ask you to defend the church or speak on its behalf. But you chose to do just that. Unfortunately, you do not have that authority–you only have your conscience. You can either say it is wrong because it is wrong, or you can say it is right and then defend it on your own in your individual capacity, as a human being, not as someone affiliated to the church—is that why you brought the mosque example? I do not do that kind of blackmailing.

            Now I will show you how it is done. Please say after me –replace mosque or church wherever you feel comfortable :-

            [[[ I do not condone any act of violence, inciting or aggression by any mosque. The mosque should not be involved in politics but spiritual nurturing of its followers. If there is any mosque that did what the church did, though I am not aware of it, it is wrong, and I condemn it strongly. I would have taken legal action against it, if it did, and if I had the authority, but I don’t Therefore, I can only absolve myself by condemning the wrong act.]]]

            You can do it Horizon 🙂

          • Selam SJG,

            It really doesn’t matter who i am, but in politics, when somebody is accused, we should at least accept that the truth is not always one and only one for everybody that should be accepted by all.
            I quote Maya Angelou who had said that, “ Out of such chaos, of such contradiction / We learn that we are neither devils nor divines”. I believe in these great words. Moral values are relative.
            You implicated the church for things that nobody is sure that it is responsible. Here the church is accused unjustly. If i support anything i support what i think is the fact. If i brought the mosque because religion is the question here, in my opinion, all perspectives should be seen squarely. There is no good or bad religion. It does not mean that one is affiliated to the one or the other, and I do not think that this is blackmailing. If the point is either to condemn or support the church, which shouldn’t have been the case, one should give explanations, and that is what i tried to do, because I believe that the church is not responsible. Has the church hanged the map anywhere on its walls (which i may not know), or is it an individual carrying around the wrong map in the timket celebration? If it is the second one, why should the church be responsible remains my stand. Why not condemn the government for that matter, instead of condemning the church.

          • Saleh Johar

            Horizon,
            Just two last points:

            1. I was not in politics when I talk to you. I expected an intellectual honest debate. I didm’t know your rule of engagement is politics. I am not interested.

            2. The catholic church stood with the Nazi–that is something every human should condemn–in the past tense–not defend. I expected a fair look into things. May.be in time you will learn to be human and fair.

            3. Now Maya Angelou is brought to justify aggression! —I hope the chaos is contained because there are victims. Not everybody is a Roman king sitting in the colosseum and enjoying the violence in the arena from a safe place and being entertained. What’s wrong with that, out of chaos comes … now that you have brought Maya Angelou to your support, I will have to find a lady to help me out. How about Naomi Klein and he book “The Shock Doctrine”? 🙂

            All I am saying is, if you want to debate like an aspiring tyrant, please help keep your chauvinists and expansionists at bay–It doesn’t matter whether they come from a church or a night club.

            Thank you.

          • Samuel

            Selam Horizon,
            The map thing isn’t the first time shown, it was done before and it is/was a deliberate act with political purpose. By the way this kind of “map madness” is coming from one direction which is the “Ethiopianist” group. People who does those kind of ads are very aware of the message it transcends, they know many people will see it, thus they make sure it is visible to the media. In my opinion the Church should have addressed it in way to not repeat it again. Considering the Church past history, I can say that the Church is behind it.
            Remember, the Church has been used as political tool for years, thus there is nothing new this time, I think considering the Church history probably the neo-conservative and “Mahibere Kidusan” wing is behind it.

            May be many people don’t notice, intentionally, the Church and “Ethiopianist” polity use the same flag (Green-Yellow-Red), which is becoming a reason to create chaos. I have never seen in the rest of the world a political body and the Church share the same flag. That shows you the shrewdness of the Menelik camp politics.

            Trying to justify false equivalence (mosque and Church) isn’t going to help, there is 700 years of evidence the Ethiopia Orthodox Church being the center of Ethiopia politics. The overall message of “Timiket” was more of political than spiritual, I don’t think anyone can dispute that. It has to stop.

            Thanks,

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Horizon,

            You have said, and I Qoute: “ truth is not always one and only one for everybody.” I can only say you sound that you have attend a class with a U.S. Counselor to the President “Kelly Anne Conway” who claimed that there is “an alternative facts” or truth. People who are living in an alternative world and who claims that there are alternative truth are not from the real world we are living in. You sound from the Juliana camp who echoes shamelessly that “truth isn’t truth”. My friend as the alternative of facts are false, the alternative of truth is lies. Just to be reminded.

          • Selam Amanuel H.,

            Whoever says has the truth on his/her side doesn’t mean that he/she is telling the truth. When you started to accuse the pm right from the day he came to office, the things you were saying about him were your truth, which you may call your absolute truth, if you want. I call it biased and lies, and outside your circle it is nobody else’s truth. Unfortunately, you continue harping on the same story, because you have the reason to do so.
            I hope you appreciate the difference between facts and propaganda. You were using a lot of propaganda as facts. What works for you doesn’t mean that it is the truth. Trump and others are saying and doing nothing different. Who will believe you if you say that your truth is not serving your personal interest, that it is the absolute truth and therefore it is true all the time and you can sell it to any one you like?
            Especially in politics, you do not live all the time in the real world, but in your biased world. Whoever tells the least lies is the one people make their leaders, at least in the democratic world. Therefore, human beings are not angels or devils, as said, and the absolute truth is somewhere else, and not in politics.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Horizon,

            Why don’t elaborate and argue on the bold statement you made, which is ““ truth is not always one and only one for everybody.” That is the subject of my argument. You don’t need to do “hit and run” in a debate. If you have the capacity and the acumen on the subject at hand, defend your statement and I will not fail to expose the lies behind that statement. Truth will remain to be truth everywhere and anytime. Truth exist in every discipline of knowledge as antithesis to lies and myths. There is no argument without making conceptual argument, if you want to deal with the statement you made.

          • Selam Amanuel H.,
            What do you want to say? Do you want to tell us that you own the absolute (universal) truth. Are you talking about natural laws or about human society? Are you saying that human society, whether it is politics or relations, etc, is governed by absolute truth, or are we talking about different things?
            Doubting my capacity and acumen, as you always do to everybody, could be your truth, but not mine or somebody else’s. Your self esteem and big idea about yourself is the truth that exists in your mind that is not shared by others.
            Politics and science are not the same thing. Even in science what we used to call the truth changes with new discoveries. Human society has its own norms, which differ from nature.

          • Amanuel Hidrat

            Selam Horizon,

            Horizon, I am are arguing that we don’t have our own truth. While I am telling you that neither you or me could have our own truth, why do you keep saying something I haven’t said about myself. There is no multiple truths for one contextual issue. You failed miserably to defend your statement. Pls don’t make it personal, if you want to defend and argue on the statement you made, I am ready to expose the falseness behind it. Don’t make a lousy withdrawal from the statement you made.

          • Saleh Johar

            Paulos,

            See what Abi is proposing, zeykemakha :-)Way to go Ras Abi

  • Brhan

    Hello Awate team,

    1) I think we as Eritreans can’t tell Ethiopians how to celebrate their holidays.
    2) Ethiopia comparing to Eritrea is relatively experiencing freedom of speech , so speech, banners and logos are ways of expressing …they did not carry the swastika, so that we can boo at them
    3) It will take time for ordinary Ethiopians to learn that Eritrea is bygone. It took many years for whites to accept blacks as equal citizens in the US. The current Ethiopian government is one thing and the ordinary Ethiopians are another thing.
    4)So Semere Rusom went to Gonder for Timket and not to Tigray while Debrezion welcomed Eritreans who came to Tigray for Hdarzion. These people Rusom and Debrezion are not religious people but politicians who use everything, including religion for their interest. Until Tigray comes to the Eritrean regime terms or the vice versa, this kind of game will continue between the two.
    5) Ethiopians (Amhara, Tigray, Oromo) are disunited more than ever, and the Abiy gov’t won’t stop from using any kind of event that make them feel they are one and Timket is one of them. So to say to Abiy do not celebrate Timket this way to say to Eritreans do not speak about land , language and minority group issue.
    6) The very people who will be scared to see the Abiy gov’t is heading to be Theocracy will be the Somali, Afar, Benishangul and the Amhara, Tigray, Gurage and Oromo muslims and I have not heard that they have a concern over the way the Abiy gov’t style to celebrate religious events such as Timket.
    Thanks

    • Saleh Johar

      Ahlan Burhan,
      And who is telling Ethiopians how to celebrate anything at all? Does disapproval of an action amount to telling people how to do something? Okay, in some cases anyone can express their approval or disapproval of an action. But that has nothing to do with dictating an action. For example, if I tell you,”you can’t tell awate how to write its editorial”, it would sound exactly what you are telling the Pencil. An editorial comments on events, that is why it’s called an editorial and that is why it was established as the mouthpiece of awate. One more thing, the editorial didn’t ()I repeat, didn’t) tell Eritreans what to do and what not to do.

      Try to write your opinion without involving awate where you shouldn’t. For instance, you can say the editorial sucks and it will be okay. Just don’t imply the editorial said something it didn’t or tell it to stop saying something it chose to say.

  • Teodros Alem

    Selam Awate
    Timket is always has been celebrated like it celebrated this year, the only difference is there is a lot of youtube realised this year that show the ethiopian flags with no star and a map with eri in it and the last 27-20 years the youtube and videos selectively didn’t show the ethio flags with out the star in it and the map with eri in it. It is all youtube game but everything is like it was before the last 27 years.
    2, u r opposing freedom of speech and religion, which is the pillars of democracy, people or individuals have a right to express thier opinion in any way they want.

    • Saleh Johar

      Hi Tedros,
      Something is wrong today 🙂 who is opposing freedom of expression?
      The Pencil commented on what is going on, which is why it is called an editorial, which is why it was established and what it does. Is an editorial commenting on an event opposing freedom of expression? If you comment against Trump’s foolish comments, does it mean your are opposing his freedom of expression. Please compare a beles with beles 🙂

      But this happens very often as if commenting is somehow curtailing the freedom of expression. Also, there are some expressions that are mot legally sanctioned, like threats, inciting violence, racism, etc.

      I see that commenting about an action is just freedom of expression as well.

  • Paulos

    Selam AT,

    I agree with the theme of your article but don’t you think the term “Theocracy” is a bit of a stretch or misplaced given its true meaning.

    • Amanuel Hidrat

      Selam Dr Paulos,

      Theocracy is the antithesis of Democracy. In the former the source of authority is god and his devine messages. In the latter the people are the source of authority and the creators of their laws. So I tend to agree with your critic on the title of the article. There is no a system of government in which priests rule in the name of God, in Ethiopia so far.